ADTRAN XRT Installation manual

Installation Manual
P.N. MOKO L67.2
Rev. B00
Congratulations on your purchase of the LavaPort-PnP Com Port
Accelerator for 56K and ISDN external modems and other high-speed
serial peripherals.
Included with your package, you should have the following:
1. The LavaPort-PnP printed circuit board
2. One software installation diskette
3. This user’s manual
If any of the above items are missing, please contact the reseller where
you purchased this product.
Quick Install – Windows 95/98/ME
Hardware Installation
Windows 95/98/ME Installation
· Windows Driver Installation
· Setting LavaPort Data Rates
· Setting LavaPort FIFO Control
· Flow Control
· Com Addressing and IRQs
· Setting a 230.4 kbps Data Rate
· Lava Modem Speed Set
Quick Install
Windows 95/98/Me
1. With the power off, insert the LavaPort-PnP card into any free ISA
2. Launch Windows95/98/ME – new hardware will be found.
3. When prompted, insert the LavaPort-PnP installation diskette and
select the file “Lava.inf” in either the root or the Win95 subdirectory.
(If the diskette is not found you may have to manually type
4. After Windows has booted, Click the Start button, then Settings,
Control Panel, System, Device Manager, Ports.The LavaPort-PnP port
will be listed as one of your Com Ports. Click “Properties” to change
the default settings as desired.
Hardware Installation
1. Before opening the casing of your computer, make sure that all
power is off.
2. Locate an unused ISA slot and insert the LavaPort-PnP into it. Ensure
that it is well seated.
3. Screw the metal backplane of the LavaPort-PnP board to your PC’s
casing and replace the machine’s cover.
4. Connect your modem cable to the LavaPort-PnP and turn the PC on.
Screw for attaching card bracket
to PC casing
Port A
ISA Slot
Windows Installation
Windows Driver Installation
Note: Make sure that you are installing the correct LavaPort-PnP
drivers for the appropriate operating system.
DO NOT install NT or Windows 3.x drivers under Windows95/98/ME
1. Once the LavaPort-PnP is installed in your PC, turn on your
computer. Windows will automatically detect the LavaPort-PnP as a
new Com Port and configure it for the next available Com address
and IRQ (interrupt) level. Windows will prompt you to insert the
LavaPort Installation Diskette and load the file called Lava.inf.This
file is located in either the root or the Win95 subdirectory of the
LavaPort diskette, and on some PCs you may have to manually type
in A:\Win95 when prompted for the LavaPort installation diskette.
2. After the necessary files have been copied, Windows will complete
the full installation of the LavaPort-PnP.The following describes how
you may custom configure the LavaPort-PnP for your personal
3. Click on the Start button, then choose Settings, Control Panel,
System, Device Manager. Click on Ports and select the LavaPort-650
4. Click Properties.The following screen will appear:
Setting LavaPort Data Rates
The data rate of the LavaPort may be set using the Bits per Second pull
down menu.
Please note that this menu will also appear when setting the “Port
Properties” in any communications application, and may have to be set
independently of your Control Panel settings. Control Panel settings
may not necessarily be linked to those of your Communications
For optimum performance, always verify that your LavaPort is set to the
maximum speed supported by your modem, and that both speed
settings are the same.
For Internet users: Port speeds in Dial-Up Networking must be set
independently of speed settings in Control Panel.
Many users may find it easier to use the Lava Modem Speed Set Utility
included in the Utils subdirectory of the LavaPort diskette.
Setting LavaPort FIFO Control
The LavaPort-PnP incorporates a 16650 UART chip with a 32-byte FIFO
(first-in-first-out) buffer.
The FIFO control tabs set the buffer “trigger” levels. When the buffer is
filled to its trigger level with the selected number of bytes, the CPU will
be interrupted and asked to either reload the buffer (for transmission),
or retrieve data from the buffer (for reception).
Most efficient data transmission occurs when the CPU is interrupted
infrequently. For each interrupt, the CPU can then service the buffer with
larger data blocks: during transmission, it can place a large burst of data
into the buffer, and during reception it can retrieve a large block from
the buffer and then continue multi-tasking.
Ideally therefore, Receive triggers should be set as high as possible and
Transmit triggers as low as possible.
However, if the Transmit trigger levels are set too low, or too Receive
triggers too high, and the CPU is busy when an interrupt is called by the
LavaPort, a short period of inactivity may occur between the port and
the modem.This will reduce effective transmission/reception speeds.
Optimum buffer settings are dependent on your modem speed, your
CPU speed, and the amount of multi-tasking that occurs while online.
For a fast modem and fast CPU performing few multi-tasking functions,
set transmit triggers low and receive triggers high. If multi-tasking while
online, set transmit triggers high and receive triggers low.
Setting LavaPort Flow Control
Flow Control refers to the type of signaling that is used between the
modem and the LavaPort.
If you are connecting the LavaPort to a modem or ISDN terminal
adapter, use the default setting of Hardware (RTS/CTS) flow control.
Software Flow Control (Xon/Xoff ) is used only for connecting the
LavaPort to a non-modem serial device (e.g. Using a null-modem cable
to connect to another Com Port).
Com Addressing & IRQ Resources
The Resources Tab will show you how the LavaPort ISA has configured
itself.This tab should be used for information purposes only, and
settings should not be changed.
Setting a 230.4 kbps Data Rate
The LavaPort-PnP supports data rates up to 460.8 kbps, including 115.2
kbps and 230.4 kbps. However, not all modems support Com Port rates
above 115.2 kbps.
If your modem does not support higher data rates and you select a
higher data rate in the LavaPort Properties, Windows will automatically
default to the slowest supported rate in the chain.
Some modems do support higher data rates but require special settings
and INF files for configuration. Contact your modem manufacturer for
details, or try using the Lava Modem Speed Set Utility found in the “Utils”
subdirectory of your LavaPort diskette.
Lava Modem Speed Set for Windows 95/98/ME
Because some modems support data rates higher than 115.2 kbps, but
require special settings (AT Commands) and INF files for configuration,
Lava has included a software utility called “Lava Modem Speed Set”
which automates the changing of port and modem speeds.
At time of printing of this manual, the Lava Modem Speed Set Utility
supported the following modems with the LavaPort:
3Com Impact IQ
3Com (US Robotics) Courier I-Modem
Motorola BitSURFR Pro EZ
Farallon Netopia
Adtran Express XRT
Eicon Diva TA
Ascend Pipeline 15
This program is constantly being updated. If your modem is not found
by the Lava Modem Speed Set utility, please check the Tech Support
area of Lava’s Web site for an update:
To install the Lava Modem Speed Set utility on your hard drive, insert the
LavaPort diskette into your floppy drive, click Start, Run and type
A:\Utils\Setup. After installation, the program will attempt to identify
your modem. When your modem is found, select it and the following
screen will appear:
Note that AutoBaud refers to the default speed of the modem (usually
115.2 kbps), and is the speed at which many ISDN modem configuration
programs operate. Once configured, the modem may be set for 230.4
kbps, if this speed is supported.
This page intentionally
left blank.
This page intentionally
left blank.
Technical Support
9:00 am to 5:30 pm Monday to Friday (Eastern Time)
Tel: +416 674-5942
Fax: + 416 674-8262
Lava Computer MFG Inc.
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject
to the following conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference,
and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference
that may cause undesired operation.
Lava Computer MFG Inc. 908 Niagara Falls Blvd. #629. North Tonawanda NY 14120-2060