Daikin | WGZ030DW | Specifications | Daikin WGZ030DW Specifications

Operating and Maintenance Manual
OMM 1130-2
Group: Chiller
Part Number: OMM1130-2
Date: March 2014
Water-Cooled Scroll Compressor Chillers
WGZ030DW to WGZ200DW, Packaged Water-Cooled Chiller
WGZ030DA to WGZ200DA, Chiller with Remote Condenser
30 to 200 Tons, 105 to 700 kW
R-410a
50-60 Hertz
Table of Contents
Introduction ....................................... 3
Using the Controller........................ 51
General Description .............................. 3
Nomenclature ........................................ 3
Water Pressure Drop ............................. 3
Components .......................................... 6
Menu Screens ...................................... 52
Menu Descriptions .............................. 53
Unit Configuration ............................ 7
Field Wiring Diagrams .......................... 8
Control Panel Layout .......................... 10
Motor Protection Module .................... 10
Start-Up and Shutdown .................. 11
Sequence of Operation .................... 13
Start-up/Compressor Staging .............. 13
MicroTech II Controller .................. 17
Controller Software Version................ 17
General Description ............................ 17
Expansion I/O Controller .................... 20
Setpoints.............................................. 21
Automatic Adjusted Limits ................. 23
Dynamic Defaults ............................... 24
Events & Alarms .............................. 24
Unit Stop Alarms................................. 24
Limit Events ........................................ 28
BAS Interface .................................. 72
Parameter Details ................................ 73
Compressor Motor protection
Module.............................................. 76
Optional Controls ............................ 78
Phase/Voltage Monitor (Optional) ...... 78
Hot Gas Bypass (Optional) ................. 78
System Maintenance ....................... 79
General ................................................ 79
Electrical Terminals ............................ 79
POE Lubrication ................................. 80
Sightglass and Moisture Indicator....... 80
Crankcase Heaters ............................... 80
Maintenance Schedule ........................ 81
System Service ................................. 82
Troubleshooting Chart ........................ 84
Warranty Statement ....................... 85
Controller Operation ....................... 31
EXV Control ....................................... 49
Products manufactured in an ISO Certified facility
Cover Picture: WGZ130DW without piping insulation installed for clarity
© 2014 Daikin Applied. Illustrations and data cover the Daikin Applied product at the time of publication and we reserve
the right to make changes in design and construction at anytime without notice.
™® The following are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies: BACnet from ASHRAE; LONMARK,
LonTalk, LONWORKS, and the LONMARK logo are managed, granted and used by LONMARK International under a license
granted by Echelon Corporation; Compliant Scroll from Copeland Corporation; Modbus from Schneider Electric;, MicroTech
II, Open Choices from Daikin Applied.
2
OMM 1130-2
Introduction
General Description
Daikin Type WGZ water chillers are designed for indoor installations Equipment room temperature for
operating and standby conditions is 40°F to 122°F (4.4°C to 50°C). They are available with water-cooled
condensers (Model DW), or arranged for use with remote air-cooled or evaporative condensers (Model
DA). Each water-cooled unit is completely assembled and factory wired before evacuation, charging and
testing. They consist of hermetic scroll compressors, brazed-plate evaporator, water-cooled condenser (WGZDW), and complete refrigerant piping.
Units manufactured for use with remote condensers (Models WGZ-DA) have all refrigerant specialties factorymounted and connection points for refrigerant discharge and liquid lines.
Liquid line components that are included are manual liquid line shutoff valves, charging valves, filter-driers,
liquid line solenoid valves, sight glass/moisture indicators, and thermal expansion valves. Other features
include compressor crankcase heaters, and a MicroTech II microprocessor controller.
The electrical control center includes all equipment protection and operating controls necessary for dependable
automatic operation.
NOTE: This manual contains information on the chiller unit control software operating with various
refrigerants as follows:
• R-410A, used with the current “D” vintage of the WGZ chiller.
• R-134a, used with only with Model TGZ Templifiers. The operating manual devoted exclusively to
Templifiers is OMM 1136.
BOOT & BIOS
BOOT Version: 3.0F
BIOS Version 3.56
Manuals: Information in unit initial installation and routine maintenance is contained in Installation and
Maintenance Manual IM 1131.
Nomenclature
W G Z 100 - D W
Water-Cooled
Global Design
Scroll Compressor
W = Water-Cooled Cond.
A = Unit Less Cond.
Design Vintage
Nominal Capacity (Tons)
Water Pressure Drop
Water flow rates should be maintained as closely as possible to job design values. The vessel flow rates must
fall between the minimum and maximum values shown on the appropriate evaporator and condenser curves.
Measure the water pressure drop through the vessels at field-installed pressure taps and check the flow rate
using the following tables. Do not include valves or strainers in these readings.
The evaporator flow rates and pressure drops shown on the following page are for full load design purposes.
The maximum flow rate and pressure drop are based on a 6-degree temperature drop. Avoid higher flow rates
with resulting lower temperature drops to prevent potential control problems resulting from very small control
bands and limited start up/shut off temperature changes.
The minimum flow and pressure drop is based on a full load evaporator temperature drop of 16-degrees.
OMM 1130-2
3
Figure 1, Evaporator Pressure Drop, WGZ030D – WGZ200D
Minimum Flow & Pr. Drop Nominal Flow & Pr. Drop Maximum Flow & Pr. Drop
Inch-Pound
Inch-Pound
Inch-Pound
S.I.
S.I.
S.I.
GPM
Ft
L/S
kPa GPM
Ft
L/S
kPa GPM
Ft
L/S
kPa
Model
Curve
Ref
WGZ030D
A
56.3
2.6
3.5
7.7
90.0
6.3
5.6
18.8
WGZ035D
B
64.9
3.6
4.1
10.8
103.8
8.8
6.5
WGZ040D
C
76.3
2.9
4.8
8.6
122.1
7.0
7.6
WGZ045D
D
85.3
3.9
5.3
11.6
136.5
9.5
WGZ050D
E
96.4
3.0
6.0
9.1
154.2
WGZ055D
F
105.8
4.1
6.6
12.1
WGZ060D
G
113.4
5.2
7.1
15.4
WGZ070D
H
131.6
4.3
8.2
WGZ080D
I
146.8
3.9
WGZ090D
J
163.3
WGZ100D
K
183.4
WGZ115D
L
WGZ130D
150.0
16.6
9.4
49.7
26.3
173.0
23.2
10.8
69.4
20.9
203.5
18.5
12.7
55.2
8.5
28.4
227.5
25.1
14.2
74.9
7.4
9.6
22.1
257.0
19.5
16.1
58.4
169.2
9.9
10.6
29.6
282.0
26.1
17.6
78.1
181.5
12.6
11.3
37.7
302.5
33.3
18.9
99.4
12.8
210.6
10.5
13.2
31.4
351.0
27.7
21.9
82.8
9.2
11.6
234.9
9.5
14.7
28.4
391.5
25.1
24.5
74.9
3.8
10.2
11.3
261.3
9.2
16.3
27.5
435.5
24.3
27.2
72.6
3.8
11.5
11.3
293.4
9.2
18.3
27.5
489.0
24.3
30.6
72.6
237.6
5.0
14.8
15.1
380.1
12.3
23.8
36.8
633.5
32.5
39.6
97.0
M
237.6
6.6
14.8
19.8
380.1
16.2
23.8
48.4
633.5
42.8
39.6
127.8
WGZ150D
N
277.9
6.5
17.4
19.3
444.6
15.8
27.8
47.2
741.0
41.7
46.3
124.7
WGZ170D
O
317.4
5.7
19.8
17.1
507.9
14.0
31.7
41.8
846.5
37.0
52.9
110.5
WGZ200D
P
352.7
7.7
22.0
23.0
564.3
18.8
35.3
56.2
940.5
49.6
58.8
148.3
Notes: Minimum, nominal, and maximum flows are at a 16º F, 10º F, and 6º F chilled water temperature range respectively at AHRI tons.
4
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
Pressure Drop (ft of water)
Figure 2, Condenser Pressure Drop, WGZ030D – WGZ200D
Flow Rate (GPM)
Unit Model
Min. Flow & PD
Ref
#
IP
Nom. Flow & PD
SI
IP
SI
IP
SI
GPM
Ft.
L/S
WGZ030D
A
56.1
2.4
3.5
WGZ035D
B
64.9
3.4
4.1
WGZ040D
C
76.3
2.7
4.8
WGZ045D
D
85.3
3.6
5.4
WGZ050D
E
96.4
2.9
6.1
8.7
WGZ055D
F
105.8
3.8
6.7
11.4
169.2
WGZ060D
G
113.4
4.5
7.2
13.5
181.5
WGZ070D
H
132.8
4.1
8.4
12.3
212.4
WGZ080D
I
146.8
3.7
9.3
11.1
WGZ090D
J
165.0
3.4
10.4
10.2
WGZ100D
K
183.4
3.4
11.6
WGZ115D
L
211.7
4.8
WGZ130D
M
235.1
6.1
WGZ150D
N
274.9
6.2
WGZ170D
O
317.4
5.5
20.0
16.4
507.9
14.0
32.0
41.8
846.5
38.9
53.4
116.3
WGZ200D
P
352.7
7.4
22.3
22.1
564.3
18.8
35.6
56.2
940.5
52.3
59.3
156.3
OMM 1130-2
kPa
Max. Flow & PD
GPM
Ft.
L/S
kPa
GPM
Ft.
L/S
kPa
7.2
89.7
6.3
5.7
18.8
149.5
10.2
103.8
8.6
6.5
25.7
173.0
17.4
9.4
52.0
23.9
10.9
71.4
8.1
122.1
6.9
7.7
20.6
10.8
136.5
9.2
8.6
27.5
203.5
19.3
12.8
57.7
227.5
25.7
14.4
154.2
7.5
9.7
76.8
22.4
257.0
20.7
16.2
61.9
9.7
11.6
10.7
29.0
282.0
26.8
17.8
80.1
11.5
34.7
302.5
32.3
19.1
10.4
96.5
13.4
31.1
354.0
29.0
22.3
86.7
234.9
264
9.5
14.8
28.4
391.5
26.5
24.7
79.2
8.8
16.7
26.3
440.0
24.5
27.8
10.2
73.2
293.4
8.8
18.5
26.3
489.0
24.4
30.9
72.9
13.4
14.8
14.3
338.7
12.3
21.4
36.8
564.5
34.1
35.6
101.9
18.2
376.2
15.5
23.7
46.3
627.0
43.1
39.6
17.3
128.8
18.5
439.8
15.8
27.7
47.2
733.0
43.8
46.2
130.9
5
Components
Figure 3, Compressor Locations
4
2
Circuit 2
3
1
Circuit 1
Evaporator
Evaporator and
Condenser
Connections
Control Panel
NOTE: Models WGZ150 to WGZ200 add a #5 compressor to circuit #1 and a #6 compressor to
circuit #2.
6
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
Unit Configuration
The chiller units have two refrigerant circuits, Models WGZ 030 to WGZ 130 have two tandem scroll
compressors (total of four), a single two-circuited brazed plate evaporator, a single two-circuited watercooled condenser, interconnecting refrigerant piping and a control panel with associated sensors and
transducers.
Models WGZ 150 to WGZ 200 have two refrigerant circuits, two trio scroll compressors (total of six), a
single two-circuited shell-and-tube evaporator, a single two-circuited water-cooled condenser,
interconnecting refrigerant piping and a control panel with associated sensors and transducers.
Figure 4, Schematic Piping Diagram (One of Two Circuits for WGZ030D – 130D)
P
T
P1
Evaporator
Chilled
Water
S
LWT
Comp
#1
Comp
#2
CV
Condenser
Water
Condenser
T
S
S
S
F-D
Legend:
T
Temperature Sensor
P
T
Pressure Transducer
P1
Pressure (High Pressure Cutout)
Thermal Expansion Valve
Temperataure Sensor, Leaving
Chilled Water Control
Sight Glass / Moisture Indicator
LWT
Relief Valve
S
T
CV
Schrader Fitting
Charging Valve
S
Solenoid Valve
F-D
Filter-Drier
Angle Valve
Ball Valve
NOTE: WGZ 150 to WGZ 200 have a shell-and-tube evaporator, three compressors per circuit, and
electronic expansion valves.
OMM 1130-2
7
Field Wiring Diagrams
Figure 5, WGZ030DW – WGZ200DW Field Wiring Diagram (Packaged Unit)
8
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
Figure 6, WGZ030DA – WGZ200DA Field Wiring Diagram (Remote Condenser)
OMM 1130-2
9
Control Panel Layout
Table 1, Typical Control Panel, 4-Compressor Unit
(3) 120V/24V
Transformers
Microtech
Controller
LineV/120V
Control
Transformer
(2) Circuit
Mechanical
Hi-Pressure
Switch Relays
Control
Transformer
Fuses, Primary
Control
Transformer Fuse,
Secondary
(4) Compressor
Circuit Breakers
Optional
Disconnect
Switch
(4) Compressor
Contactors
Location for
Optional External
Overloads
Grounding
Lug
NOTES:
1. Additional space provided in the upper right section for optional multiple point power connection and
optional circuit breakers.
2. Front door has a slot opening at the top for access to the MicroTech II controller for viewing display
and making keypad entries without opening the panel door.
Motor Protection Module
The motor protection system consists of an external control module, located on each compressor, motor
terminal box, connected to a series of thermistors located in the motor windings and the compressor
discharge port. If the windings experience an over-temperature condition or the discharge temperature is
excessive, the module will trip and shut off the compressor.
!
Warning
Disconnect the compressor three-phase power before removing the terminal box cover Removal of the
terminal box cover will expose the three-phase power connections. Contact with them can cause serious
injury or death..
10
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
Start-Up and Shutdown
Pre Start-up
1. The chilled-water system should be flushed and cleaned. Proper water treatment is required to
prevent corrosion and organic growth.
2. With main disconnect open, check all electrical connections in control panel and starter to be sure
they are tight and provide good electrical contact. Although connections are tightened at the factory,
they can loosen enough in shipment to cause a malfunction.
3. Check and inspect all water piping. Make sure flow direction is correct and piping is made to correct
connection on evaporator and condenser.
4. Open all water flow valves to the condenser and evaporator.
5. Flush the cooling tower and system piping to be sure the system is clean. Start evaporator pump and
manually start condenser pump and cooling tower. Check all piping for leaks. Vent the air from the
evaporator and condenser water circuit, as well as from the entire water system. The cooler circuit
should contain clean, treated, non-corrosive water.
6. Check to see that the evaporator water thermostat sensor is securely installed.
7. Making sure control stop switch S1 is open (off) and pumpdown switches PS1 and PS2 are on
“manual pumpdown,” place the main power and control disconnect switches to “on.” This will
energize the crankcase heaters. Wait a minimum of 12 hours before starting the unit.
8. Check compressor oil level. Prior to start-up, the oil level should cover at least one-third of the oil
sight glass located in the equalizing line between the compressors or on the compressor.
9. Note the water pressure drop across evaporator and condenser on pages 4 and 5 and check that water
flow is correct per the system design flow rates.
10. Check the actual line voltage to the unit to make sure it is the same as called for on the compressor
nameplate, within + 10%, and that phase voltage unbalance does not exceed 3%. Verify that adequate
power supply and capacity is available to handle load.
11. Make sure all wiring and fuses are of the proper size. Also make sure that all interlock wiring is
completed per Daikin Applied diagrams.
12. Verify that all mechanical and electrical inspections by code authorities have been completed.
13. Make sure all auxiliary load and control equipment is operative and that an adequate cooling load is
available for initial start-up.
Start-up
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Open the compressor discharge shutoff valves until backseated. Always replace valve seal caps.
Open the two manual liquid line shutoff valves.
Check to see that the unit circuit breakers are in the “off” position.
Check to see that the pumpdown switches, PS1 and PS2, are in the “manual pumpdown” position and
the control system switch S1 is in the “off” position.
Put the main power and control circuit disconnects to the “on” position.
Verify crankcase heaters have operated for at least 12 hours prior to start-up. Crankcase should be
warm to the touch.
Check that the MicroTech II controller is set to the desired chilled water temperature.
Start the system auxiliary equipment for the installation by turning on the time clock, ambient
thermostat and/or remote on/off switch and water pumps.
Check resets of all equipment protection controls.
Switch on the unit circuit breakers.
Set pumpdown switches PS1 and PS2 to “auto” for restart and normal operation.
OMM 1130-2
11
12. Start the system by setting the system switch S1 to on.
13. After running the unit for a short time, check the oil level in each compressor crankcase, rotation of
condenser fans (if any), and check for flashing in the refrigerant sight glass.
14. After system performance has stabilized, it is necessary that the “Compressorized Equipment
Warranty Form” (Form No. 206036A) be completed to establish commencement of the warranty
period. Be sure to list the pressure drop across both vessels. This form is shipped with the unit and
after completion should be returned to Daikin Applied service department through your sales
representative.
Weekend or Temporary Shutdown
Move pumpdown switches PS1 and PS2 to the “manual pumpdown” position. After the compressors have
pumped down, turn off the chilled water pump. Note: With the unit in this condition, it will not restart
until these switches are turned back on. The unit has one-time pumpdown. It is important that the
compressors pump down before the water flow to the unit is interrupted to avoid freeze-up in the
evaporator.
Leave S1 on and power to the unit so that the crankcase heaters will remain energized.
Start-up after Temporary Shutdown
1. Start the water pumps.
2. With the control system switch S1 in the “on” position, move the pumpdown switches PS1 and PS2 to
the “auto pumpdown” position.
3. Observe the unit operation for a short time, noting unusual sounds or possible cycling of compressors.
4. Check compressor crankcase heaters.
Extended Shutdown
Close the manual liquid line shutoff valves.
After the compressors have pumped down, turn off the water pumps.
Turn off all power to the unit.
Move the control service switch S1 to the “off” position.
Close the discharge shutoff valves on the compressor(s) and the liquid outlet valves at the condenser.
Tag all opened disconnect switches to warn against start-up before opening the compressor suction and
discharge valves.
Drain all water from the unit evaporator, condenser, and chilled water piping if the unit is to be shut down
during the winter and exposed to below freezing temperatures. Do not leave the vessels or piping open to
the atmosphere over the shutdown period.
Start-up after Extended Shutdown
1. Inspect all equipment to see that it is in satisfactory operating condition.
2. Remove all debris that has collected on the surface of the condenser coils (remote condenser models)
or check the cooling tower, if present.
3. Backseat the compressor discharge valves. Always replace valve seal caps.
4. Open the manual liquid line shutoff valves.
5. Check circuit breakers. They must be in the “off” position.
6. Check to see that the pumpdown switches PS1 and PS2 are in the “manual shutdown” position and
the control system switch S1 is in the “off” position.
7. Put the main power and control circuit disconnects to the “on” position.
8. Allow the crankcase heaters to operate for at least 12 hours prior to start-up.
9. Start the chilled water pump and purge the water piping as well as the evaporator in the unit.
10. Start the system auxiliary equipment for the installation by turning on the time clock, ambient
thermostat and/or remote on/off switch.
12
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
11.
12.
13.
14.
Check that the MicroTech II controller is set to the desired chilled water temperature.
Check resets of all equipment protection controls.
Switch the unit circuit breakers to “on.”
Start the system by setting the system switch S1 to “on.”
!
CAUTION
Most relays and terminals in the control center are powered when S1 is closed and the
control circuit disconnect is on. Therefore, do not close S1 until ready for start-up or
serious equipment damage can occur.
15. Set pumpdown switches PS1 and PS2 to the “auto pumpdown” position for restart and normal
operation.
16. After running the unit for a short time, check the oil level in the compressor oil sight glass or in the
compressor’s equalizing lines for flashing, indicating possible refrigerant in the oil.
Low Ambient Start
The low ambient start logic is for starting units with remote air-cooled condensers during periods of low
ambient air temperatures.
A low ambient start takes place if the saturated condenser temperature is less than 85.0°F when the first
compressor starts. The low ambient start is active for a time defined by the Low OAT Start Timer set
point. This set point is found on screen three in the alarm set points menus.
During the low ambient start, the freezestat logic for the low-pressure stop alarm and the low-pressure
events are disabled. The low-pressure stop alarm can still be triggered if the evaporator pressure drops
below 5.0 psi at any time while the circuit is in the ‘Run’ state. Also, during the low ambient start, the
second compressor is not allowed to start. The evaporator pressure is checked at the end of the low
ambient start time frame. If the pressure is less than the Low Pressure Unload set point, then the low
ambient start is not successful and the compressor will shut off. This will not be a manual reset alarm
until three consecutive attempts have failed. The circuit alarm triggered after the third failed attempt is a
Low OAT Restart fault. The Low OAT Restart faults are Circuit alarms so each circuit will attempt to start
either compressor three times before the Low OAT Restart fault is indicated.
Fan High Ambient Rapid Start
The following logic exists to get condenser fans started earlier than normal during unit starts with warm
ambient air temperatures.
•
•
•
If the outside air temperature higher than 75.0°F the condenser fan staging logic changes to bring on
the first fan on when the condenser pressure is greater than 140 psi.
The standard condenser fan staging logic would start the first condenser fan when the condenser
pressure is higher than 200.0 psi.
The last condenser fan on each circuit will not shut down until the condenser pressure drops below
140.0 psi regardless of the outside air temperature
Sequence of Operation
The following sequence of operation is typical for WGZ water chiller models. The sequence can vary
slightly depending upon options.
Compressor Heaters
With the control circuit power on and the control stop switch S1 off, 115V power is applied through the
control circuit fuse Fl to the compressor crankcase heaters HTR1, HTR2, HTR3, and HTR4.
Start-up/Compressor Staging
When compressors start and stop.
Stage Up Temp is the LWT temperature at which the next compressor to start will stage up (start) after at
least one compressor on the unit has started and is running.
OMM 1130-2
13
Start Up Temp is the LWT at which the first compressor starts. The start up temperature equals the stage
up temperature plus the Start Delta temperature. A high Start Delta will keep the unit off longer and
reduce unit cycling at low loads. However, this high Start Delta will cause a larger excursion from the
LWT setpoint before the unit starts.
Stated another way, the Start Delta is the number of degrees above the Evap LWT setpoint, plus ½ the
Dead Band, that determines when the first compressor starts. The Start Delta is in effect for only the first
start after all compressors have been off. Additional compressor starts and stops are determined by the
LWT in respect to the dead band only. The dead band is automatically set at 30% of the EvapDeltaT
selected in menu 3. The following sequence would occur for the settings shown below:
EvapDelta T=10.0°F Dead Band=3.0°F StartDelta=5.0°F StopDelta=2.0°F LWT=40.0°F
Figure 7, Staging/Starting Temperatures
For a warm start-up (no compressors
running), the first compressor will start at any
46.5°F
temperature above 46.5°F. Each subsequent
Start Delta T
compressor will start after the Stage Up
Evap Delta-T Set 10.0°F
Timer has timed out and if the temperature is
41.5°F
½ DB
above the dead band, 41.5°F in this case.
40.0°F
LWT Set
40.0°F
½ DB
If the LWT stays above 41.5°F, all of three (or
38.5°F
5) remaining compressors will eventually
Stop Delta T
36.5°F
stage on after the Stage Up Timer times out
between each stage.
At some point, the chilled water temperature will be dropping and begin to approach the point when
compressors should begin staging off, which is the LWT setpoint minus ½ of the Dead Band, 38.5°F in
this case. If the LWT remains below LWT setpoint minus ½ Dead Band and the Stage Down Timer times
out, additional compressors will stage off. The last compressor will stage off when the LWT falls below
the LWT Setpoint minus ½ the Dead Band minus the Stop Delta T. The stop Delta T is in effect for only
the last compressor running.
If the temperature climbs above 38.5°F all running compressors will remain on. No compressor staging
occurs within the Dead Band. The next-on compressor will start when the chilled water temperature
reaches 41.5°F and the Stage Up Timer times out.
However, in some circumstances this methodology can cause the LWT to drop to dangerously low levels,
with the evaporating temperature below the freeze point, before stopping. In the example shown in
Figure 7, the Shutdown Temp (last compressor off) would be 36°F.
This would result in a refrigerant evaporating temperature approaching freezing, so the rule is amended to
read:
If the Cool Leaving Water Temperature (LWT) set point is less than half the Control Band
above 39.0° F the Stage Down temperature is calculated as:
EWT
50.0°F
Stage Down Temperature = Cool LWT – (Cool LWT - 39.0° F), and the
Shutdown Temperature = Cool LWT – (Cool LWT - 39.0° F) – Stop Delta T
This keeps the Stage Down Temp above 39°F and the Shutdown Temp above 36°F, as the maximum Stop
Delta T allowed is 3-degrees.
Which compressor starts and stops. One compressor per circuit will start before starting the second
compressor (or third) on any circuit. In other words, the compressor with the lowest number of starts will
start first. The compressor with the lowest number of starts on the other circuit will start next, so that one
compressor on each circuit will be running. The third compressor on will be the compressor on either
circuit with the fewest starts. The remaining compressor will be the last on. If a circuit is unavailable for
any reason, the second compressor on the operating circuit will stage on. Only two (or three)
compressors (on the one circuit) will be operating.
There is a 150 second delay after power-up before any compressor is allowed to start.
14
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
When staging down, one compressor on each circuit will be left on until each circuit has only one
compressor running. In other words, the compressor, on either circuit, with the most run-hours will stop
first. The compressor with the most run-hours on the other circuit will stop next. One compressor on
each circuit will be running. The third compressor off will be the one, on either circuit, with the most
run-hours. The remaining compressor will be the last off. See the following description of pumpdown.
Table 2, Staging in Cool and Glycol Mode
Description
Stage #1 ON
(See Notes
Below)
Occurs When:
Action Taken
Lvg Evap T > Evap LWT SP + (DB/2) +
Startup Delta T
Available compressor with least starts,
ON
After Stage Up Delay times out then, LVG
Available compressor on the other
Evap T > Evap LWT SP + (DB/2)
circuit with least starts, ON
After Stage Up Delay times out, then LVG
Available compressor on either circuit
Stage #3 ON
Evap T > Evap LWT SP + (DB/2)
with least starts, ON
After Stage Up Delay times out then, LVG
Stage #4 ON
Remaining compressor, ON
Evap T > Evap LWT SP + (DB/2)
After Stage Down Delay times out then, LVG
Stage #4 OFF
Compressor with most run hours, OFF
Evap T < Evap LWT SP – (CB/2)
After Stage Down Delay times out then, LVG
Compressor on the other circuit with
Stage #3 OFF
Evap T < Evap LWT SP – (DB/2)
most run hours, OFF
After Stage Down Delay times out then, LVG Compressor on either circuit with most
Stage #2 OFF
Evap T < Evap LWT SP – (DB/2)
run hours, OFF
After Stage Down Delay times out then, LVG
Stage #1 OFF
Remaining compressor, OFF
Evap T < Evap LWT SP – (DB/2)-StopDelta T
Note 1: DB (Dead Band) = Evap Water Delta T x .3
Stage #2 ON
Manual Compressor Disable Logic
Logic is available that allows the operator to manually enable and disable compressors. When a
compressor is disabled, it is considered unavailable to start in the staging logic. This allows a damaged
compressor to be taken offline while the remaining compressor can still provide some cooling
•
•
•
•
The Compressor Disable set points are found on Compressor Set Points screens three and four.
A running compressor cannot be disabled until it has been shutdown.
If all of the compressors on a circuit are disabled, then the circuit will be disabled.
If both circuits have all of their compressors disabled, then the Unit State will remain Off
Automatic Pumpdown
WGZ units are equipped with single pumpdown control. When the last compressor running on either
circuit is ready to shut off, the liquid line solenoid valve (LLSV) is closed first and the compressor
continues to run until the pumpdown pressure is reached, at which time the compressor shuts off. The
shut off pressure is set at 15 psi below the Low Evaporator pressure Unload setpoint.
When the first compressor on a circuit starts, the LLSV opens simultaneously.
Manual Pumpdown
When the Pumpdown Switch is in the pumpdown position, all compressors except #1 and #2 will shut off.
Then the Liquid Line and Hot Gas Bypass Valves will close. The operating compressor will pump out the
refrigerant. When the Suction Pressure is at 40 psig, the compressors will stop.
Chilled Water and Condenser Water Pumps
The chiller MicroTech II controller can be programmed to start and stop the system chilled water and
condenser water pumps. They may also be controlled by the BAS or manually. Programming directions
and the sequence of operation can be found beginning on page 38.
Cooling Tower Control
The cooling tower fans and/or the tower bypass valve can be controlled by the MicroTech II controller.
This provides a simple and direct method to control the unit’s discharge pressure. Programming
OMM 1130-2
15
directions and the sequence of operation can be found on page 65. Some means of discharge pressure
control must be installed if the condenser water temperature can fall below 60°F (16°C).
Condenser Fan Control
Model AC chillers equipped with air-cooled or evaporative-cooled condensers usually require some form
of discharge pressure control. The MicroTech II controller can be programmed to provide this function
by cycling condenser fans based on the unit discharge pressure. Directions on the pressure settings can be
found on page 65. The following charts illustrate how four controller outputs can control six fan steps.
Circuit 1
Number of Fans = 4
Stage #
1
Fan
1
Fan
3
ON
2
ON
Number of fans = 6
Stage #
1
ON
1
ON
2
ON
3
ON
4
ON
Fan
3
ON
ON
3
ON
ON
Number of fans = 8
Stage #
1
ON
Fan
1
Fan
3
Fan
5
ON
ON
3
ON
ON
ON
4
ON
ON
ON
1
ON
2
ON
ON
3
ON
ON
4
ON
ON
ON
5
ON
ON
ON
Fan
7
ON
2
(R410A)Number of fans = 10
Fan
Fan
Fan
Fan
1
3
5&7
9
Stage #
ON
ON
Fan
5
ON
2
Number of fans = 8
Fan
Fan
Fan
1
3
5&7
Stage #
Fan
1
(R410A)Number of fans = 12
Fan
Fan
Fan
Fan
1
3
5&7
9&11
Stage #
ON
ON
ON
ON
1
ON
2
ON
3
ON
4
ON
5
ON
6
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
Circuit 2
Number of Fans = 4
Stage #
1
2
Stage #
Fan
2
Fan
4
Number of fans = 6
Fan
2
Fan
4
Fan
6
Number of fans = 8
Fan
2
Fan
4
Fan
6
ON
Stage #
1
ON
Stage #
1
ON
2
ON
ON
2
ON
ON
3
ON
ON
3
ON
ON
ON
4
ON
ON
ON
ON
Number of fans = 8
Fan
Fan
Fan
2
4
6&8
1
ON
2
ON
3
ON
4
ON
ON
(R410A)Number of fans = 10
Fan
Fan
Fan
Fan
2
4
6&8
10
Stage #
1
ON
2
ON
ON
3
ON
ON
4
ON
ON
ON
5
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
Fan
8
ON
ON
ON
Stage #
ON
(R410A)Number of fans = 12
Fan
Fan
Fan
Fan
2
4
6&8
10&12
1
ON
2
ON
3
ON
4
ON
5
ON
6
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ICE
In ICE mode, the compressors stage to 100% load until the LWT is less than the ICE LWT SP. Then
Compressors #3 and #4 shut down. Following that, Compressors #1 and #2 shut down after going
through normal pumpdown on both circuits. There is a programmable, start-to-start, Ice Mode Start
Delay that limits the frequency of starts when in the ice mode. The timer can be manually cleared to
force a restart.
16
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
MicroTech II Controller
Controller Software Version
This manual is based on software version WGZD20102F. The “02F” is the version descriptor. The
version installed in a unit can be viewed by pressing the MENU and ENTER keys simultaneously, then
pressing MENU to return to the regular menu screen.
General Description
The MicroTech II controller’s state-of-the-art design will not only permit the chiller to run more
efficiently but will also simplify troubleshooting if a system failure occurs. Every MicroTech II controller
is programmed and tested prior to shipment to assist in a trouble-free start-up. The MicroTech II
controller can be used to cycle fans on remote air-cooled condensers for head pressure control when the
setpoint Water Cooled=N is selected in one of the setpoint menu screens. Water Cooled=Y sets the chiller
for operation with the water-cooled condenser.
Operator Friendly
The MicroTech II controller menu structure is separated into three distinct categories, which provide the
operator or service technician with a full description of
1. current unit status,
2. control parameters (setpoints)
3. alarms. Security protection prevents unauthorized changing of the setpoints and control parameters.
The MicroTech II controller continuously performs self-diagnostic checks, monitoring all system
temperatures, pressures and protection devices, and will automatically shutdown a compressor, a
refrigerant circuit or the entire unit should a fault occur. The cause of the shutdown and date stamp are
retained in memory and can be easily displayed in plain English for operator review, which is an
extremely useful feature for troubleshooting. In addition to displaying alarm diagnostics, the MicroTech
II chiller controller also provides the operator with a warning of pre-alarm conditions.
Staging
The four scroll (or six) compressors are staged on and off as a function of leaving chilled water
temperature, number of starts and run-hours. See Sequence of Operation.
Equipment Protection
The unit is protected by alarms that shut it down and require manual reset, and also by limit alarms that
limit unit operation in response to some out-of-limit condition. Shut down alarms activate an alarm signal
that can be wired to a remote device.
Unit Enable Selection
Enables unit operation from local keypad or digital input
Unit Mode Selection
Selects standard cooling, ice, glycol, or test operation mode
OMM 1130-2
17
Keypad/Display
A 4-line by 20-character/line liquid crystal display and 6-key keypad is mounted on the unit controller. Its
layout is shown below.
Figure 8, Keypad and Display in MENU Mode
Key to Screen Pathway
Menu Key
Air Conditioning
< ALARM
VIEW
<
SET
<
Arrow Keys
"Enter" Key
The four arrow keys (UP, DOWN, LEFT, RIGHT) have three modes of use.
Scroll between data screens as indicated by the arrows (default mode).
Select a specific data screen in a hierarchical fashion using dynamic labels on the right side of the display
(this mode is entered by pressing the MENU key).
Change field values in edit mode according to the following table:
LEFT
Default
RIGHT Cancel
UP
Increment
DOWN Decrement
These four edit functions are indicated by one-character abbreviation on the right side of the display (this
mode is entered by pressing the ENTER key).
Inputs/Outputs
Table 3, Analog Inputs
C1 = Refrigerant Circuit #1, C2 = Refrigerant Circuit #2, UT = Unit, *n = Refrig. Dependent
Type
Signal Source
Range
*1 Evaporator Refrigerant Pressure #1 (R134a,R22)
#
Description
C1
0.1 to 0.9 VDC
0 to 132 psi
*1 Evaporator Refrigerant Pressure #1 (R410a)
C1
0.1 to 0.9 VDC
0 to 350 psi
*2 Evaporator Refrigerant Pressure #2 (R134a,R22)
C2
0.1 to 0.9 VDC
0 to 132 psi
*2 Evaporator Refrigerant Pressure #2 (R410a)
C2
0.1 to 0.9 VDC
0 to 350 psi
*3 Condenser Refrigerant Pressure #1 (R134a,R22)
C1
0.1 to 0.9 VDC
3.6 to 410 psi
*3 Condenser Refrigerant Pressure #1 (R410a)
C1
0.1 to 0.9 VDC
0 to 700 psi
-58 to 212°F
4
Leaving Evaporator Water Temperature
UT
NTC Thermister
(10k@25°C)
5
Condenser Entering Water Temperature or Outside Ambient
Temperature (See Note below)
UT
NTC Thermister
(10k@25°C)
-58 to 212°F
*6 Condenser Refrigerant Pressure #2 (R134a,R22)
C2
0.1 to 0.9 VDC
3.6 to 410 psi
*6 Condenser Refrigerant Pressure #2 (R410a)
C2
0.1 to 0.9 VDC
0 to 700 psi
7
Reset of Leaving Water Temperature
UT
4-20 mA Current
0-(10 to 80°F)
8
Demand Limit (R22, R410A)
UT
4-20 mA Current
0-100 % Load
9
Compressor Suction Temperature #1
C1
NTC Thermister
(10k@25°C)
-58 to 212°F
10 Compressor Suction Temperature #2
C2
NTC Thermister
(10k@25°C)
-58 to 212°F
Notes:
1. If Water Cooled = Y, then Entering Condenser. If Water Cooled = N, then Outside Ambient.
2. Selection of R134a in unit setpoint screen will modify unit operation for Templifier application.
18
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
Table 4, Analog Outputs
#
Output Signal
Range
1
Cooling Tower Bypass Valve Position
Description
0 to 10 VDC
0 to 100% Open
2
Cooling Tower VFD Speed
0 to 10 VDC
0 to 100%
3
Circuit #1 Electronic Expansion Valve
0 to 10 VDC
0 to 100%
4
Circuit #2 Electronic Expansion Valve
0 to 10 VDC
0 to 100%
NOTE: Analog outputs 3 & 4 are for R410A and R134a units only.
Table 5, Digital Inputs
The following parameters are digital inputs to this controller.
C1 = Refrigerant Circuit #1, C2 = Refrigerant Circuit #2, UT = Unit, *n = Refrigerant Dependent
#
Description
Type
Signal
Signal
UT
0 VAC (Stop)
24 VAC (Auto)
C1
0 VAC (Stop)
24 VAC (Start)
UT
0 VAC (No Flow)
24 VAC (Flow)
0 VAC (Fault)
24 VAC (No Fault)
1
Unit OFF Switch
2
Pump Down Switch #1
3
Evaporator Water Flow Switch
*4
Motor Protection #1
C1
*4
Open
5
Open
6
Pump Down Switch #2
C2
0 VAC (Stop)
24 VAC (Start)
*7
Motor Protection #2
C2
0 VAC (Fault)
24 VAC (No Fault)
*7
Open
*8
Open
*8
Condenser Water Flow Switch (R134a,R410a)
UT
0 VAC (No Flow)
24 VAC (Flow)
9
Phase Voltage Fault #1 (See Note 1 Below)
C1
0 VAC (Fault)
24 VAC (No Fault)
10
Phase Voltage Fault #2 (See Note 1 Below)
C2
0 VAC (Fault)
24 VAC (No Fault)
11
Ground Fault Prot. #1 (See Note 2 Below)
C1
0 VAC (Fault)
24 VAC (No Fault)
12
Ground Fault Prot. #2 (See Note 2 Below)
C2
0 VAC (Fault)
24 VAC (No Fault)
13
Remote Start/Stop
UT
0 VAC (Stop)
24 VAC (Start)
*14
Condenser Water Flow Switch
UT
0 VAC (No Flow)
24 VAC (Flow)
*14
Open (
*15
Open
*15
Motor Protection #1 (R134a,R410a)
C1
0 VAC (Fault)
24 VAC (No Fault)
*16
Open
*16
Motor Protection #2 (R134a,R410a)
C2
0 VAC (Fault)
24 VAC (No Fault)
17
Ice Mode Switch
UT
0 VAC (Normal)
24 VAC (Ice)
18
Heat Mode Switch
UT
0 VAC (Normal)
24 VAC (Heat)
Notes:
1. See Safety Alarms Table for “Phase Voltage Protection”. Units with single point electrical connection will have one PVM with
Inputs 9 and 10 wired together. Units with multiple point connection will have two PVM’s with Input 9 for Electrical Circuit #1 and
Input 10 for Electrical Circuit #2.
2. See Safety Alarms Table for “Ground Fault Protection”. Units with single point electrical connection will have one GFP with
Inputs 11 and 12 wired together. Units with multiple point connection will have two GFP’s with Input 11 for Electrical Circuit #1
and Input 12 for Electrical Circuit #2.
Table 6, Digital Outputs
The following parameters are digital outputs from this controller.
C1 = Refrigerant Circuit #1, C2 = Refrigerant Circuit #2, UT = Unit, *n = Refrigerant Dependent
#
Description
1
Alarm
2
Evaporator Water Pump
3
Condenser Fan #1 – Water Cooled = N /
Condenser Water Pump – Water Cooled = Y
4
Motor Control Relay #1 = Compr#1
Type
Load
Output OFF
Output ON
C1,C2,UT
Alarm Indicator
Alarm OFF
Alarm ON
UT
Pump Contactor
Pump OFF
Pump ON
C1 / UT
Fan Contactor/
Pump Contactor
Fan OFF
Fan ON
C1
Starter
Compressor OFF Compressor ON
Continued next page.
OMM 1130-2
19
Table 6, Continued
#
Type
Load
Output OFF
Output ON
5
Motor Control Relay #3 = Compr#3
Description
C1
Starter
Compressor OFF
Compressor ON
*6
Condenser Fan #3– Water Cooled =N /Tower Fan
#2-Water Cooled=Y
C1 /
UT
Fan Contactor
Fan OFF
Fan ON
*6
Motor Control Relay #5 = Compr#5 (R134a,R410a)
C1
Starter
Compressor OFF
Compressor ON
7
Liquid Line #1
C1
Solenoid
Cooling OFF
Cooling ON
8
Condenser Fan #2 – Water Cooled =N /Tower Fan
#1-Water Cooled=Y
C2 /
UT
Fan Contactor
Fan OFF
Fan ON
9
Motor Control Relay #2 = Compr#2
C2
Starter
Compressor OFF
Compressor ON
10 Motor Control Relay #4 = Compr#4
C2
Starter
Compressor OFF
Compressor ON
*11 Condenser Fan #4
C2
Fan Contactor
Fan OFF
Fan ON
*11 Motor Control Relay #6 = Compr#6 (R134a,R410a)
C2
Starter
Compressor OFF
Compressor ON
12 Liquid Line #2
C2
Solenoid
Cooling OFF
Cooling ON
13 Condenser Fan #5
C1
Fan Contactor
Fan OFF
Fan ON
14 Hot Gas Bypass #1
C1
Solenoid
Cooling OFF
Cooling ON
15 Hot Gas Bypass #2
C2
Solenoid
Cooling OFF
Cooling ON
*16 Condenser Fan #6
C2
Fan Contactor
Fan OFF
Fan ON
*16 Condenser Fan #4
C2
Fan Contactor
Fan OFF
Fan ON
*17 Condenser Fan #7
C1
Fan Contactor
Fan OFF
Fan ON
*17 Condenser Fan #5&7 (R134a,R410a)
C1
Fan Contactor
Fan OFF
Fan ON
18 Condenser Fan #8
C2
Fan Contactor
Fan OFF
Fan ON
18 Condenser Fan #6&8
C2
Fan Contactor
Fan OFF
Fan ON
Expansion I/O Controller
Digital Outputs
The following parameters are digital outputs from this controller.
Types: C1 = Refrigerant Circuit #1, C2 = Refrigerant Circuit #2, UT = Unit
#
Description
Type
Output Off
Output On
1
2
Evap Water Pump Output #2
UT
Pump Off
Pump On
Cond Water Pump Output #2
UT
Pump Off
Pump On
3
Condenser Fan #9
C1
Fan OFF
Fan ON
4
Condenser Fan #10
C2
Fan OFF
Fan ON
Analog Inputs
The following parameters are digital outputs from this controller for Templifier operation only.
Types: C1 = Refrigerant Circuit #1, C2 = Refrigerant Circuit #2, & UT = Unit
#
Description
Type
Output Off
Output On
1
Entering Evaporator Water Temperature
(R134a)
UT
NTC Thermister
(10k@25°C)
-58 to 212°F
2
Demand Limit (R134a)
UT
4-20 mA Current
0-100 % Load
-58 to 212°F
-58 to 212°F
3
Liquid Line Temperature #1 (R134a)
C1
NTC Thermister
(10k@25°C)
4
Liquid Line Temperature #2 (R134a)
C2
NTC Thermister
(10k@25°C)
20
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
Setpoints
The following parameters are remembered during power off, are factory set to the Default value, and can be
adjusted to any value in the Range column.
The PW (password) column indicates the password level that must be active in order to change the setpoint.
Passwords are as follows:
O = Operator [0100]
M = Manager [2001]
Table 7, Setpoints (setpoints with * are set at Daikin Applied factory)
Description
Unit Enable
*Unit Mode (R22, R407C, R410A
Unit Mode (R134a)
Control source
Default
Range
PW
Off
Cool
Off, On
Cool, Cool w/Glycol, Ice w/Glycol, Test
O
O
Cool
Switches
20.0°F
Cool, Cool w/Glycol, Heat, Test
Keypad, Network, Switches
Cool, Cool w/Glycol, Cool/Ice w/Glycol
Ice w/Glycol, Test
Test, Cool, Cool w/Glycol, Cool/Heat, COOL/HEAT
w/Glycol, Heat w/Glycol,
Without Glycol: 40.0 to 60.0°F
40.0 to 85.0°F (R134a Only)
With Glycol: 20.0 to 60.0°F (R22,R407C)
10.0 to 60.0°F (R410A)
20.0 to 85.0°F (R134a)
15.0 to 40.0 °F
110 to 165°F
6.0 to 16.0 °F
1.0 to 15.0 °F
0 to 3.0 °F
0.5 to 5.0 °F
15 to 300 seconds
#1 Only, #2 Only, Auto, #1 Prim,
#2 Prim
5.0 to 40.0°F
30
15 to 90 seconds
M
#1 Only
#1 Only, #2 Only, Auto, #1 Prim, #2 Prim
M
*Available Modes (R22,R407C,R410A)
Cool
*Available Modes (R134a)
Cool
Evap LWT
44. 0 °F
Ice LWT
Heat LWT (R134a only)
Evap Delta T
Startup Delta T
Stop Delta T
Max Pulldown Rate
Evap Recirculate Timer
Evap Pump
(Refrigerant = R410a,R134a)
Cond Delta T (R134a only)
Cond Pump Recirculate Timer
(Water-cooled = Yes)
Cond Pump
(Water-cooled=Yes & Ref=R410A or R134a
40. 0 °F
110.o°F
10.0 °F
10.0 °F
0.5 °F
1.0 °F
30
#1 Only
O
M
M
O
O
O
O
O
O
M
M
M
Low Ambient Lockout(Water-Cooled = No)
35.0 °F
Demand Limit
* Water Cooled
Ice Time Delay
Clear Ice Delay
Hot Gas Delay Time
BAS Protocol
Ident number
Baud rate
Units
Language
* Refrigerant Select
Off
Off
12 hrs
No
30 sec.
Modbus
001
9600
F/psi
English
None
35 to 70 °F
If Speedtrol = Yes
-2.0 to70.0°F (R22,R407C)
-10.0 to 70.0 (R410A)
N/A (R134a)
Off, On
Off, On
1 to 23 hrs
No, Yes
30 to 180 seconds
BACnet, LonWorks, Modbus
000-200
1200,2400,4800,9600,19200
F/psi (only)
English (only)
R22, R407C, R410A, R134a
Cooling Reset Type
None
None, 4-20mA, [Return( Refrig = R134a only)]
Cooling Maximum Reset
10 ºF
0 to 16 ºF
O
Cooling Start Reset Delta T
Compressor
# of Compressors
(Refrig = R410A or R134a to select 6)
Clear Cycle Tmr
Stage Up Delay
Stage Down Delay
Start-Start
Stop-Start
10 ºF
0 to 16 ºF (Refrig = R134a only)
O
4
4, 6
M
Off
240 sec
30
15 min
5 min
On/Off
90 to 480 seconds
20 to 60 sec
10 to 60 min
3 to 20 min
M
M
M
M
M
OMM 1130-2
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
O
21
Table 7, Continued
Description
Expansion Valve Type
Circuit 1 EXV Control
Circuit 1 EXV Position
Circuit 2 EXV Control
Circuit 2 EXV Position
MaxOpPress
SuperheatTarg
Alarms
Low Evap Pressure-Hold
Low Evap Pressure-Unload
Default
Range
PW
Electronic
Auto
N/A
Auto
N/A
156
10
Thermal, Electronic
Auto, Manual
0-100%
Auto, Manual
0-100%
142 – 170 psig
8-12°F
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
See following section; Automatic Adjusted Limits
Evap. Freeze
38.0 °F
Cond. Freeze
High Condenser Pressure Stop
(Water-Cooled = Y
High Condenser Pressure Stop
(Water Cooled = N)
High Condenser Pressure Stop (R134a)
Evap Flow Proof
Cond Flow Proof
Recirc Timeout
* Phase Voltage Protection
* Ground Fault Protection
Low OAT Start Time
Condenser Fans (Water Cooled = N)
Number of fans
Speedtrol Option
Stg on Deadband Stg 2
Stg on Deadband Stg 3
Stg on Deadband Stg 4
Stg Off Deadband Stg 1
Stg Off Deadband Stg 2
Stg Off Deadband Stg 3
Stg Off Deadband Stg 4
Cond Sat Temp Target
Forced Fan 1 (>75°F)
Forced Fan 2 (>90°F)
Forced Fan 3 (>105°F)
Cooling Tower (Water Cooled = Y)
Tower Control
Tower Stages
Stage Up Time
Stage Down Time
Stage Differential
Stage #1 On
Stage #2 On
34.0 °F
280 psi
420 psi
380 psi
565 psi
185 psi
5 sec.
5 sec.
3 min.
N
N
60 sec.
Water: 355 – 425 psig
Air: 410- - 555 psig
Water: 375 – 435 psig
Air: 425 – 570 psig
37.0 to 42.0 °F
Glycol: 17.5 to 42.0°F (R134a,R22, R407C)
7.5 to 42.0°F (R410A)
18 to 42 °F
260 to 380 psi (R22, R407C)
375 TO 435 psi (R410A)
260 to 380 psi (R22, R407C)
425 to 570 psi (R410A)
170 to 425 psi
5 to 15 seconds
5 to 15 seconds
1 to 10 minutes
N,Y
N,Y
30 to 240 seconds
4
No
15 °F
10°F
10°F
20°F
15°F
10°F
10°F
100°F
4 to 8 (10 for R410a)
No,Yes
15 to 25°F
10 to 15°F
10 to 15°F
15 to 20°F
10 to 15°F
6 to 10°F
6 to 10°F
80 to 120°F
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
None
2
2 min
5 min
3.0 °F
70 °F
75 °F
None, Temperature
0 to 2
1 to 60 min
1 to 60 min
1.0 to 10.0 °F
40 to 120 °F
40 to 120 °F
None, Valve Set point, Valve Stage, VFD
Stage, Valve SP/VFD Stage
60 to 120 °F
1.0 to 10.0 °F
0 to 100%
0 to 100%
0 to 100%
0 to 100%
NC, NO
0 to 100%
0 to 100 °F
0 to 100%
0 to 100 °F
10 to 99
10 to 99
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
High Cond Pressure – Unload
High Cond Pressure – Stop
Valve/VFD Control
Valve Setpoint
Valve Deadband
Stage Fan Down @
Stage Fan Up @
Valve Control Range (Min)
Valve Control Range(Max)
Valve Type
Minimum Start Position
Minimum Position @
Maximum Start Position
Maximum Position @
Error Gain
Slope Gain
22
Water: 405 psig
Air: 550 psig
Water: 420 psig
Air: 565 psig
M
M
None
65 °F
2.0 °F
20%
80%
10%
90%
NC to tower
0%
60 °F
100%
90 °F
25
25
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
OMM 1130-2
Automatic Adjusted Limits
The following are set points that will be limited based on the option selected.
Evaporator Leaving Water Temperature
Mode
Refrigerant Type
Range
R134a, R410A
40 to 60°F
Unit Mode = Cool w/Glycol
R134a
20 to 60°F
Unit Mode = Cool w/Glycol
R410a
15 to 60°F
Unit Mode = Ice
R410A
20 to 40°F
Unit Mode = Cool
Condenser Leaving Water Temperature
Mode
Refrigerant Type
Range
R134a
110 to 160ºF
Refrigerant Type
Range
Unit Mode= HEAT
Evaporator Freeze Temperature
Mode
Unit Mode = Cool
Unit Mode = Cool w/Glycol, Ice
w/Glycol
Unit Mode = Cool w/Glycol, Ice
w/Glycol
R134a, R410A
36 to 42°F
R134a
18 to 42°F
R410A
12.5 to 42°F
Ice Leaving Water Temperature
Refrigerant Type
Range
R134a
N/A
R22, R407C
20 to 40°F
R410A
15 to 40°F
Low Evaporator Pressure Inhibit Loading and Unloading
Mode
Refrigerant Type
Range
Unit Mode = Cool
R134a
R410A
26 to 54 psi
97 to 115 psi
Unit Mode = Cool w/Glycol, Ice
w/Glycol
R134a
R410A
12 to 54 psi
48 to 115 psi
Low Ambient Lockout Temperature
Speedtrol
Range
Speedtrol = N
35 – 70°F
Speedtrol = Y
-2 – 70°F
NOTE: The backup mechanical high pressure cutout is set at 450 psi for water cooled applications and
600 psi for air cooled for air-cooled applications.
OMM 1130-2
23
Dynamic Defaults
Some set points will have a particular default value loaded when another setting is changed.
Refrigerant Dependent Defaults
Set Point
Refrigerant Type
R134a
R410A
Low Evaporator Pressure Hold
29 psi
101 psi
Low Evaporator Pressure Unload
28 psi
100 psi
High Condenser Pressure Unload
170 psi
550 psi AC
405 psi WC
High Condenser Pressure
185 psi
565 psi AC
420 psi WC
AC = Air Cooled, WC = Water Cooled (R134a is water cooled ONLY)
Number of Fans Dependent Defaults
When the number of fans setting is changed, the forced fan set points will default to values as shown in
the following table:
Set Point
Number of Fans Set Point
4
6
8
10
Forced Fan 1 (>75°F)
1
1
1
1
Forced Fan 2 (>90°F)
1
1
2
2
Forced Fan 3 (>105°F)
2
2
3
3
Events & Alarms
Situations may arise that require some action from the chiller or that should be logged for future
reference. Conditions that cause a shutdown and require manual reset is known as a stop alarm. Other
conditions can trigger what is known as an event, which may or may not require action in response. All
stop alarms and events are logged.
Unit Stop Alarms
The alarm output and red button is turned ON when any stop alarm occurs and turned off when all alarms
have been cleared.
Evaporator Flow Loss
Alarm description (as shown on screen): Evaporator Flow Loss
Trigger:
1: Evaporator Pump State = Run AND Evaporator Flow Digital Input = No Flow for time > Evap Flow
Proof Set Point AND at least one compressor running.
2: Evaporator Pump State = Start for time greater than Recirc Timeout Set Point AND all pumps have
been tried AND Evaporator Flow Digital Input = No Flow.
Action Taken: Rapid stop all circuits.
Reset:
This alarm can be cleared at any time manually via the keypad or via the BAS clear alarm signal.
If active via trigger condition 1:
24
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
When the alarm occurs due to this trigger, it can auto reset the first two times each day, with the third
occurrence being manual reset.
For the auto-reset occurrences, the alarm will reset automatically when the evaporator state is Run again.
This means the alarm stays active while the unit waits for flow, then it goes through the recirculation
process after flow is detected. Once the recirculation is complete, the evaporator goes to the Run state
which will clear the alarm. After three occurrences, the count of occurrences is reset and the cycle starts
over if the manual reset flow loss alarm is cleared.
If active via trigger condition 2:
If the flow loss alarm has occurred due to this trigger, it is always a manual reset alarm.
Condenser Flow Loss (Note: WaterCooled = On & TGZ units Only)
Alarm description (as shown on screen): Condenser Flow Loss
Trigger:
1: Condenser Pump State = Run AND Condenser Flow Digital Input = No Flow for time > Cond Flow
Proof Set Point AND at least one compressor running.
2: Condenser Pump State = Start for time greater than Recirc Timeout Set Point AND all pumps have
been tried AND Condenser Flow Digital Input = No Flow.
Action Taken: Rapid stop all circuits.
Reset:
This alarm can be cleared at anytime manually via the keypad or via the BAS clear alarm signal.
If active via trigger condition 1:
When the alarm occurs due to this trigger, it can auto reset the first two times each day, with the third
occurrence being manual reset.
For the auto-reset occurrences, the alarm will reset automatically when the condenser pump state is Run
again. This means the alarm stays active while the unit waits for flow, then it goes through the
recirculation process after flow is detected. Once the recirculation is complete, the condenser pump goes
to the Run state which will clear the alarm. After three occurrences, the count of occurrences is reset and
the cycle starts over if the manual reset flow loss alarm is cleared.
If active via trigger condition 2:
If the flow loss alarm has occurred due to this trigger, it is always a manual reset alarm.
Low Evaporator Pressure
Alarm description (as shown on screen): Evap Press Low Cir N
Trigger: [Circuit State = Run AND Freezestat trip AND Low OAT Start not active]
OR Evaporator Press < Absolute Low Pressure Limit AND Circuit State = Run
The absolute low pressure limit is 5 psi with R134a, R22, and R407C refrigerants and 20 psi with R410A
refrigerant.
Freezestat logic allows the circuit to run for varying times at low pressures. The lower the pressure, the
shorter the time the compressor can run. This time is calculated as follows:
Freeze error = Low Evaporator Pressure Unload – Evaporator Pressure
Freeze time =
[60 – 2.7 x freeze error] with R134a refrigerant, limited to a range of 20-60 seconds
[60 – 1.6 x freeze error] with R22 and R407C refrigerant, limited to a range of 20-60 seconds
[60 – freeze error] with R410A refrigerant, limited to a range of 20-60 seconds
OMM 1130-2
25
When the evaporator pressure goes below the Low Evaporator Pressure Unload set point, a timer starts.
If this timer exceeds the freeze time, then a ‘Evap Press Low Cir N’ alarm trip occurs. If the evaporator
pressure rises to the unload set point or higher, and the freeze time has not been exceeded, the timer will
reset.
Action Taken: Rapid stop circuit
Reset: This alarm can be cleared manually via the keypad if the evaporator pressure is above the absolute
low-pressure limit.
High Condenser Pressure
Alarm description (as shown on screen): Cond Press High Cir N
Trigger: Condenser Pressure > High Condenser Pressure Set Point
Action Taken: Rapid stop circuit
Reset: This alarm can be cleared manually via the keypad.
Mechanical High Pressure/Motor Protect
Alarm description (as shown on screen): MHP or Motor Prot N
Trigger: MHP/MP input is low and over 150 seconds lapsed since controller boot-up
Action Taken: Rapid stop circuit
Reset: This alarm can be cleared manually via the keypad if the MHP/MP input is high.
Phase Voltage Protection
Alarm description (as shown on screen): Phase/Voltage Cir N
Trigger: PVM input is low and Phase Voltage set point = enable.
Action Taken: Rapid stop circuit
Reset: Auto reset when PVM input is high
Ground Fault Protection
Alarm description (as shown on screen): Ground Fault Cir N
Trigger: GFP input is low and Ground Fault set point = enable.
Action Taken: Rapid stop circuit
Reset: This alarm can be cleared manually via the keypad.
Low OAT Restart Fault
Alarm description (as shown on screen): Low OAT Start Fail N
Trigger: Circuit has failed three low OAT start attempts
Action Taken: Rapid stop circuit
Reset: This alarm can be cleared manually via the keypad.
Evaporator Water Freeze Protect
Alarm description (as shown on screen): Evap Water Freeze
Trigger: Evaporator LWT drops below evaporator freeze protect set point AND Unit State = Auto
Action Taken: Rapid stop all circuits
Reset: This alarm can be cleared manually via the keypad or via the BAS clear alarm signal, but only if
the alarm trigger conditions no longer exist.
Leaving Evaporator Water Temperature Sensor Fault
Alarm description (as shown on screen): Evap LWT Sens Fault
Trigger: Sensor shorted or open
Action Taken: Normal stop all circuits
Reset: This alarm can be cleared manually via the keypad, but only if the sensor is back in range.
Leaving Condenser Water Temperature Sensor Fault
Alarm description (as shown on screen): CondLWT Sens Fault
Trigger: Sensor shorted or open AND TGZ unit (refrig = R134a) AND operating in ‘heat’ mode.
26
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
Action Taken: Normal stop all circuits
Reset: This alarm can be cleared manually via the keypad, but only if the sensor is back in range.
Suction Temperature Sensor Fault
Alarm description (as shown on screen): SuctT Sensor Fail N
Trigger: Sensor shorted or open AND Expansion Valve Type = Electronic
Action Taken: Rapid stop circuit
Reset: This alarm can be cleared manually via the keypad, but only if the sensor is back in range.
Evaporator Pressure Sensor Fault
Alarm description (as shown on screen): EvapP Sensor Fail N
Trigger: Sensor shorted or open. If failing high (open), logic has been added that requires the Leaving
Evaporator Temperature to be below 75°F. This will prevent nuisance trips due to conditions where the
evaporator water temperature is high which could cause false alarms.
Action Taken: Rapid stop circuit
Reset: This alarm can be cleared manually via the keypad, but only if the sensor is back in range.
Condenser Pressure Sensor Fault
Alarm description (as shown on screen): CondP Sensor Fail N
Trigger: Sensor shorted or open
Action Taken: Rapid stop circuit
Reset: This alarm can be cleared manually via the keypad, but only if the sensor is back in range.
Condenser Entering or Outdoor Air Temperature Sensor Fault
Alarm description (as shown on screen): OAT Sensor Fault
Trigger: Sensor shorted or open
Action Taken: Normal stop all circuits
Reset: This alarm can be cleared manually via the keypad, but only if the sensor is back in range
Evaporator Water Freeze Protect
Alarm description (as shown on screen): Evap Water Freeze
Trigger: Evaporator LWT drops below evaporator freeze protect set point AND Unit State = Auto
Action Taken: Rapid stop all circuits
Reset: This alarm can be cleared manually via the keypad or via the BAS clear alarm signal, but only if
the alarm trigger conditions no longer exist.
No Pressure Change at Start
Alarm description (as shown on screen): NoPressChgAtStartN
Trigger: Circuit has failed twice on a No Pressure Change at Start Condition. A No Pressure Change at
Start Condition indicates that after the start of the first compressor on the circuit, at least a 1 psi drop in
evaporator pressure OR a 1 psi increase in condenser pressure has not occurred after 15 seconds of
compressor operation.
Action Taken: Rapid stop circuit
Reset: This alarm can be cleared manually via the keypad.
EXB Comm Failure on CP1
Alarm description (as shown on screen): No EXB comm CP1
Trigger: CP1 does not have communication with either EXB1 for 60 seconds after power up. This alarm
will only occur if 10 Fan , evaporator pump #2, or condenser pump #2 operation is selected. After
communication is established, when communication is lost to either EXB an immediate shutdown occurs.
Action Taken: Rapid stop all circuits
Reset: Auto clear when EXB1 is communicating with CP1.
OMM 1130-2
27
Alarm Log
An alarm log stores the last 25 alarms and/or events to occur. When an alarm or event occurs, it is put
into the first slot in the alarm log and all others are moved down one, dropping the last entry. In the alarm
log, the date and time the alarm occurred are stored, as well as a list of other parameters. These
parameters include compressor states, evaporator pressure, condenser pressure, number of fans on, OAT,
and evaporator LWT.
Active Alarms
When an alarm occurs, it appears in the active alarm list. The active alarm list holds a record of all active
alarms, which includes the date and time each occurred.
Clearing Alarms
A password is NOT required to clear an active alarm. Active alarms must be cleared at the unit controller.
To clear active alarms scroll down to the end of the Active Alarm list press Enter to clear all active
alarms. If the user attempts to clear an alarm while the alarm condition still exists, a new alarm will be
generated immediately.
Limit Events
The following events do not cause a rapid stop but limit operation of the chiller in some way as described
in the Action Taken. All limit events do NOT appear in the Active Alarm window and are NOT logged in
the Alarm Log
Low Evaporator Pressure - Hold
Event description (as shown on screen): Evap Press Low HoldN
Trigger:
This event is triggered if all of the following are true:
• circuit state = Run
• circuit is not currently in a low OAT start
• has been at least 30 seconds since a compressor has started on the circuit.
• evaporator pressure <= Low Evaporator Pressure - Hold set point
Action Taken: Inhibit staging on of additional compressors on the circuit.
Reset: While still running, the event will be reset if evaporator pressure > (Low Evaporator Pressure Hold set point + 8psi for R134a/R22/R407C or 13 psi for R410A). The event is also reset if the circuit
state is no longer run.
Low Evaporator Pressure - Unload
Event description (as shown on screen): EvapPressLow Unload N
Trigger:
This event is triggered if all of the following are true:
• circuit state = Run
• more than one compressor is running on the circuit
• circuit is not currently in a low OAT start
• has been at least 30 seconds since a compressor has started on the circuit.
• evaporator pressure <= Low Evaporator Pressure - Unload set point for a time greater than half
of the current freezestat time
Action Taken: Stage off one compressor on the circuit every 10 seconds, except the last one.
Reset: While still running, the event will be reset if evaporator pressure > (Low Evaporator Pressure Hold set point + 8psi for R134a/R22/R407C or 13 psi for R410A). The event is also reset if the circuit
state is no longer run.
28
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
High Condenser Pressure - Unload
Event description (as shown on screen): CondPressHighUnloadN
Trigger:
This event is triggered if all of the following are true:
• circuit state = Run
• more than one compressor is running on the circuit
• condenser pressure > High Condenser Pressure – Unload set point
Action Taken: Stage off one compressor on the circuit every 10 seconds, except the last one.
Reset: While still running, the event will be reset if condenser pressure drops below the “Hold Clear @”
value which is displayed on that circuit’s VIEW CIRCUIT n (1) screen. The “Hold Clear @” is calculated
based on number of compressors, refrigerant, and number of High Condenser Pressure – Unload
occurrences since the circuit has cycled off or since midnight. See table below:
Condenser
Configuration
Compressors
R410A
R22
R407C
R134a
Step
Increase
4
40 psi
30 psi
30 psi
10 psi
Water-Cooled
Air-Cooled
6
30 psi
N/A
20 psi
10 psi
4
100 psi
70 psi
N/A
15 psi
6
80 psi
N/A
N/A
15psi
Failed Pumpdown
Event description (as shown on screen): Pumpdown Fail Cir N
Trigger: Circuit state = pumpdown for time > 60 seconds
Action Taken: Shutdown circuit
Reset: N/A
Condenser Freeze Event
Event description (as shown on screen): Cond Freeze Circ N
Trigger: Cond Sat Refr Temperatre < Condenser Freeze Set Point AND Condenser Pump State = OFF
Action Taken: Start condense pump.
Reset: N/A
Condenser Freeze Event (Water Cooled = Y Only)
Event description (as shown on screen): Cond Freeze Circ N
Trigger: Cond Sat Refr Temp < Condenser Freeze Set Point AND Condenser Pump State = OFF
Action Taken: Start condenser pump.
Reset: Cond Sat Refr Temp > Condenser Freeze Set Point plus 2°F.
Suction Temperature Sensor Fail
Event description (as shown on screen): SuctT Sensor Fail N
Trigger: Sensor shorted or open.
Action Taken: None.
Reset: N/A
Entering Evaporator Water Temperature Sensor Fail (TGZ unit only)
Event description (as shown on screen): Evap EWT Sensor Fail
Trigger: Sensor shorted or open.
Action Taken: None.
Reset: N/A
OMM 1130-2
29
Liquid Line Temperature Sensor Fail (TGZ unit only)
Event description (as shown on screen): Low Source Temp
Trigger: Sensor shorted or open.
Action Taken: None.
Reset: N/A
Low Source Water Temperature (TGZ unit in ‘heat’ mode only)
Event description (as shown on screen): LiqL Sensor Fail N
Trigger: Unit is in heat mode and the leaving evaporator water temperature drops below the Low Source
Temperature set point.
Action Taken: Stage off one compressor immediately and the remaining being staged off based upon the
“InterStage Dn” set point time interval.
Reset: N/A
EXB Comm Failure on CP1 (TGZ unit only)
Event description (as shown on screen): No EXB comm CP1
Trigger: CP1 does not have communication with either EXB1 for 60 seconds after power up. This event
is only active when the expansion board is not intended to operate evaporator or condenser pump #2.
Action Taken: None.
Reset: N/A.
Event Log
An Event Log similar to the Alarm Log stores the last 25 Event occurrences. There must be an active
password for access to the Event Log. To navigate to the Event log press the Left Arrow key from any
Alarm Log screen. When an event occurs, it is recorded in the first slot in the Event Log. All other entries
are moved down in the Event Log and the last entry is dropped if 25 earlier event occurrences have been
logged. Each Event Log entry includes an event description and a time and date stamp for the event
occurrence.
30
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
Controller Operation
Calculations
The Control Band defines the temperatures around the Controlling Leaving Water Temperature set point
where compressors will be staged on or off. In cool mode, the controlling leaving water temperature set
point will be Evap LWT. In heat mode, the controlling leaving water temperature set point will be Heat
LWT.
In cooling mode, the Control Band is calculated as follows:
Control Band = Evap Delta Temperature Set Point * 0.3 Four compressor units
Control Band = Evap Delta Temperature Set Point * 0.2
Six compressor units
In heating mode, the Control Band is calculated as follows:
Control Band = Cond Delta Temperature Set Point * 0.3
Control Band = Cond Delta Temperature Set Point * 0.2
Four compressor units
Six compressor units
(Control Band/2)
Control
Band
Leaving Water Set Point
(Control Band/2)
If the Unit mode is Cool:
When the Cool Leaving Water Temperature set point is more than half the Control Band above
39.0° F the Stage Up temperature is calculated as follows:
Stage Up Temperature = Cool LWT + (Control Band/2)
The Stage Down temperature is calculated as:
Stage Down Temperature = Cool LWT – (Control Band/2)
If the Cool Leaving Water Temperature set point is less than half the Control Band above 39.0° F the
Stage Down temperature is calculated as:
Stage Down Temperature = Cool LWT – (Cool LWT - 39.0° F)
Stage Up temperature is calculated as:
Stage Up temperature = Cool LWT + Control Band – (Cool LWT – 39.0°F)
In all other Unit modes the compressor staging temperatures are calculated as shown below:
Stage Up Temperature = Cool LWT + (Control Band/2)
Stage Down Temperature = Cool LWT – (Control Band/2)
The Cool Start up and Shutdown temperatures are calculated from the Control Band. The Start Up
temperature determines when the first compressor on the unit will start. The Start Up temperature
calculation is shown below:
Start Up Temperature = Stage Up Temperature + Start Up Delta Temperature
The Shutdown temperature defines when the last running compressor will shutdown. The Shutdown
temperature calculation is:
Shutdown Temperature = Stage Down Temperature – Shutdown Delta Temperature
If the Unit mode is Heat:
Stage Up temperature is calculated as follows:
Stage Up Temperature = Heat LWT - (Control Band/2)
OMM 1130-2
31
The Stage Down temperature is calculated as:
Stage Down Temperature = Heat LWT + (Control Band/2)
The Heat Start up and Shutdown temperatures are calculated from the Control Band. The Start Up
temperature determines when the first compressor on the unit will start. The Start Up temperature
calculation is shown below:
Start Up Temperature = Stage Up Temperature - Start Up Delta Temperature
The Shutdown temperature defines when the last running compressor will shutdown. The Shutdown
temperature calculation is:
Shutdown Temperature = Stage Down Temperature + Shutdown Delta Temperature
Leaving Water Temperature (LWT) Reset
The active leaving water set point is set to the current Leaving Water Temperature (LWT) set point unless
the unit is in either cool or heat mode and any of the reset methods below are selected. The type of reset
in effect is determined by the LWT Reset Type set point.
Reset Type = NONE
The Active Leaving Water Temperature set point is set equal to the current LWT set point. IN cool mode,
this will be Evap LWT and in heat mode this will be Heat LWT.
Reset Type = 4-20 mA
The Active Leaving Water set point is adjusted by the 4 to 20 mA reset analog input.
Cooling Mode
The Active Leaving Water set point is adjusted by the 4 to 20 mA reset analog input.
Parameters used:
1. Evaporator Leaving Water Temperature set point (Evap LWT)
2. Cooling Maximum Reset set point (Clg MaxRes)
3. LWT Reset signal 4-20mA
Reset is 0ºF and the active leaving water set point is equal to the Evap LWT set point if the reset signal is
less than or equal to 4 mA. Reset is equal to the Max Reset set point and the active leaving water set
point is equal to the Evap LWT plus Max Reset set points if the reset signal equals or exceeds 20 mA.
The amount of reset will vary linearly between these extremes if the reset signal is between 4 mA and 20
mA. An example of the operation of 4-20 reset in Cool mode is shown below.
Cooling Mode 4-20mA Reset
Evap LWT (+) Clg MaxRes
(54ºF)
‘Active’
Evap LWT
Set Point
Clg MaxRes set point
(range of reset action)
(10ºF)
Evap LWT set point
(44ºF)
20mA
4mA
Reset Signal mA
Heating Mode (only for TGZ unit Refrig = R134a)
The Active Leaving Water set point is adjusted by the 4 to 20 mA reset analog input.
32
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
Parameters used:
1. Heating Leaving Water Temperature set point (Heat LWT)
2. Heating Maximum Reset set point (Htg MaxRes)
3. LWT Reset signal 4-20mA
Reset is 0ºF and the active leaving water set point is equal to the Heat LWT set point if the reset signal is
less than or equal to 4 mA. Reset is equal to the Max Reset set point and the active leaving water set
point is equal to the Heat LWT minus Max Reset set points if the reset signal equals or exceeds 20 mA.
The amount of reset will vary linearly between these extremes if the reset signal is between 4 mA and
20 mA. An example of the operation of 4-20 mA reset in Heat mode is shown below.
Reset Type = Return (only for TGZ unit, Refrig = R134a)
Cooling Mode
The Active Cooling Leaving Water set point is adjusted based upon the difference between the chiller’s
entering and leaving evaporator water temperatures.
Cooling Mode Return Reset
Evap LWT (+) Clg MaxRes
(54ºF)
‘Active’
Evap LWT
Set Point
Clg MaxRes set point
(range of reset action)
(10ºF)
Evap LWT set point
(44ºF)
0ºF
Clg StrtResDT setpoint
Evaporator Delta Temperature
The active cooling leaving water set point is reset using the following parameters:
1. Evaporator Leaving Water Temperature set point (Evap LWT)
2. Cooling Maximum Reset set point (Clg MaxRes)
3. Cooling Start Reset Delta Temperature (Clg StrtResDT)
4. Evaporator Delta Temperature (evaporator entering water temperature minus leaving temperature)
Reset is accomplished by changing the Active Cooling Leaving Water set point from the Evap LWT set
point to the sum of Evap LWT (+) Cooling Maximum Reset set points as the evaporator delta temperature
(entering minus leaving) varies from the Cooling Start Reset Delta T set point towards 0º F delta
temperatures.
Heating Mode
The Active Heating Leaving Water set point is adjusted based upon the difference between the chiller’s
entering and leaving condenser water temperatures.
OMM 1130-2
33
Heating Mode Return Reset
Heat LWT set point
(140ºF)
‘Active’
Heat LWT
Set Point
Htg MaxRes set point
(range of reset action)
(10ºF)
Heat LWT (–) Htg MaxRes
(130ºF)
0ºF
Htg StrtResDT setpoint
Condenser Delta Temperature
The
active heating leaving water set point is reset using the following parameters:
1. Heating Leaving Water Temperature set point (Heat LWT)
2. Heating Maximum Reset set point (Htg MaxRes)
3. Heating Start Reset Delta Temperature (Htg StrtResDT)
4. Condenser Delta Temperature (condenser leaving water temperature minus entering temperature)
Reset is accomplished by changing the Active Heating Leaving Water set point from the Heat LWT set
point to the value of [Heat LWT (-) Heating Maximum Reset set points] as the condenser delta
temperature (leaving minus entering) varies from the Heating Start Reset Delta T set point towards 0ºF
delta temperature.
Active LWT Set Point
The active LWT set point represents the current control set point based on unit mode and reset. If unit
mode is ice, then the active set point is equal to the ice set point. If the unit mode is cool, the active set
point is the cool set point plus the leaving water reset value. If the unit mode is heat, the active set point is
the heat set point minus the leaving water reset value.
LWT Error
LWT error compares the actual LWT to the active LWT set point.
The equation for cool mode is:
LWT error = LWT – active LWT set point
The equation for heat mode is:
LWT error = active LWT set point – LWT
LWT Slope
LWT slope is calculated such that the slope represents a time frame of one minute.
Every 12 seconds, the current LWT is subtracted from the value 12 seconds back. This value is added to a
buffer containing values calculated at the last five intervals. The final result is a slope value that is an
average over the past 60 seconds.
Pull Down Rate
The slope value calculated above will be a negative value as the water temperature is dropping. For use
in some control functions, the negative slope is converted to a positive value by multiplying by –1.
34
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
Evaporator Saturated Temperature
Evaporator saturated temperature is calculated from the evaporator pressure for each circuit.
R410a Evaporator Saturated Temperatures
When R410a refrigerant is selected the refrigerant pressure will be fitted to a curve made up of 24
straight-line segments. The accuracy of calculated saturated temperatures are less than +/- 0.5°F when
compared to standard look up tables for R410a.
R134a Evaporator Saturated Temperatures (Templifiers only)
When R134a refrigerant is selected the refrigerant pressure will be fitted to a curve made up of 12
straight-line segments. The accuracy of calculated saturated temperatures is +/- 0.5º F when compared to
standard look up tables for R134a refrigerant.
Condenser Saturated Temperature
Condenser saturated temperature shall be calculated from the condenser pressure for each circuit.
R410a Evaporator Saturated Temperatures
When R410a refrigerant is selected the refrigerant pressure will be fitted to a curve made up of 24
straight-line segments. The accuracy of calculated saturated temperatures are less than +/- 0.5°F when
compared to standard look up tables for R410a.
R134a Evaporator Saturated Temperatures (Templifiers only)
When R134a refrigerant is selected the refrigerant pressure will be fitted to a curve made up of 12
straight-line segments. The accuracy of calculated saturated temperatures is +/- 0.5º F when compared to
standard look up tables for R134a refrigerant.
Evaporator Approach
The evaporator approach is calculated for each circuit.
For R134a, R22, and R410A refrigerant the equation is:
Evaporator Approach = LWT – Evaporator Saturated Temperature
For R407c refrigerant the equation is:
Evaporator Approach = LWT – Evaporator Saturated Temperature + 4.0º F
Suction Superheat
Suction superheat is calculated for each circuit using the following equation:
Suction superheat = Suction Temperature – Evaporator Saturated (Dew for R407c)
Temperature
Pumpdown Pressure
The pressure to which a circuit will pump down is based on the Low Evaporator Pressure Unload set
point. The equation is as follows:
Pumpdown pressure = Low evap pressure unload – 15 psi
The low limit for the calculated Pumpdown Pressure set point is 10.0 psi
Unit Enable
The Unit Enable Set Point controls enabling and disabling the unit. The Unit Enable Set Point has options
of OFF and ON. The Unit OFF input, Remote input, keypad entry, and BAS request can alter this set
point. The Control Source Set Point determines which sources can change the Unit Enable Set Point with
options of SWITCHES, KEYPAD or NETWORK.
OMM 1130-2
35
Changing the Unit Enable Set Point is accomplished according to the following table.
NOTE: An “x” indicates that the value is ignored.
Unit Off
Input
Control Source
Set Point
Remote
Input
Keypad Entry
BAS
Request
Unit
Enable
OFF
X
x
x
x
OFF
x
SWITCHES
OFF
x
x
OFF
ON
SWITCHES
ON
x
x
ON
ON
KEYPAD
x
OFF
x
OFF
ON
KEYPAD
x
ON
x
ON
ON
NETWORK
x
x
OFF
OFF
ON
NETWORK
OFF
x
x
OFF
ON
NETWORK
ON
x
ON
ON
Unit Mode
The overall operating mode of the chiller is set by the Unit Mode Set Point with options of COOL, COOL
w/Glycol, ICE w/Glycol, and TEST. This set point can be altered by the keypad, BAS, and Mode input.
Changes to the Unit Mode Set Point are controlled by two additional set points.
• Available Modes Set Point: Determines the operational modes available at any time with options of
COOL, COOL w/Glycol, COOL/ICE w/Glycol, ICE w/Glycol and TEST
• Control Source Set Point: Determines the source that can change the Unit Mode Set Point with
options of KEYPAD, NETWORK, or SWITCHES.
When the Control source is set to KEYPAD, the Unit Mode shall stay at its previous setting until changed
by the operator. When the Control source is set to BAS, the most recent BAS mode request shall go into
effect even if it changed while the Control source was set to KEYPAD or DIGITAL INPUTS.
Changing the Unit Mode Set Point can be accomplished according to the following table.
NOTE: An “x” indicates that the value is ignored.
Control Source
Set Point
Mode
Input
Keypad Entry
BAS
Request
X
X
x
x
Available Modes
Set Point
COOL
Unit Mode
COOL
X
x
x
x
COOL w/Glycol
COOL w/Glycol
SWITCHES
OFF
x
x
COOL/ICE w/Glycol
COOL w/Glycol
SWITCHES
ON
x
x
COOL/ICE w/Glycol
ICE w/Glycol
KEYPAD
x
COOL w/Glycol
x
COOL/ICE w/Glycol
COOL w/Glycol
KEYPAD
x
ICE w/Glycol
x
COOL/ICE w/Glycol
ICE w/Glycol
NETWORK
x
x
COOL
COOL/ICE w/Glycol
COOL w/Glycol
NETWORK
x
x
ICE
COOL/ICE w/Glycol
ICE w/Glycol
X
x
x
x
ICE w/Glycol
ICE w/Glycol
X
x
x
x
TEST
TEST
Unit Test Mode
The unit test mode allows manual testing of controller outputs. Entering this mode requires the following
conditions:
• Unit Switch = OFF
• Manager password active.
• Available Unit Mode set point = TEST
A test menu can then be selected to allow activation of the outputs. It shall be possible to switch each
digital output ON or OFF and set the analog outputs to any value.
Circuit Available
A circuit is available if the circuit switch is in the on position and no circuit alarms are active. Timers that
delay startup or staging of a circuit do not render it unavailable.
36
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
Power Up Start Delay
After powering up the unit, the motor protector modules may not reset for up to 150 seconds. After the
control is powered up, no compressor can start for 150 seconds. Motor protect inputs are ignored during
this time so as to avoid tripping a false alarm.
Ice Mode Start Delay
An adjustable start to start ice delay timer will limit the frequency with which the chiller may start in Ice
mode. The timer starts when the first compressor starts while the unit is in ice mode. While this timer is
active, the chiller cannot restart in Ice mode. The time delay is user adjustable.
The ice delay timer may be manually cleared to force a restart in ice mode. A set point specifically for
clearing the ice mode delay is available. In addition, cycling the power to the controller will clear the ice
delay timer.
Low Ambient Lockout
This feature is only available on air cooled units (WaterCooled=Off).
If the OAT drops below the low ambient lockout set point, then all running circuits will do a normal stop.
Once the lockout has been triggered, no compressors will start until the OAT rises to the lockout set point
plus 5°F.
Unit State
The Unit will always be in one of three states. These states are Off, Auto, and Pumpdown. Transitions
between these states are shown in the diagram on the following page.
T1: Off to Auto
Unit Enable = True AND
No Unit Alarm AND
IF Unit Mode = Cir 1 Available OR Cir 2 Available
T2: Auto to Pumpdown
Keypad Enable = Off OR
BAS Enable = Off OR
Remote Switch = Off OR
T3: Pumpdown to Off
Unit Alarm OR
Unit Switch Off OR
No Compressors Running
T4: Auto to Off
Unit Alarm OR
Unit Switch Off OR
No Compressors Running AND [Unit Mode = Ice AND Ice Delay Active] OR
No Compressors Running AND [No Circuit Available]
OMM 1130-2
37
Unit State Diagram
Off
Power On
T3
Pumpdown
T1
T4
Auto
T2
Evaporator Water Pump State Control (Evap State)
The state-transition diagram shown below controls operation of the evaporator pump.
Evaporator Pump State Diagram
Off
Unit State = Off AND
No Evap Water Freeze Alarm
Unit State=Auto OR
Evap Water Freeze Alarm
Unit State = Off AND
No Evap Water Freeze Alarm
Run
[Evap Pump State = Start
AND Flow Switch Closed]
for time > Evap Recirc Tmr
Start
Pump Selection
The pump output used will be determined by the Evap Pump Control set point. The setting allows the
following configurations:
#1 only – Pump 1 will always be used.
#2 only – Pump 2 will always be used.
Auto – The primary pump is the one with the least run hours, the other is used as a backup.
#1 Primary – Pump 1 is used normally, with pump 2 as a backup.
#2 Primary – Pump 2 is used normally, with pump 1 as a backup.
38
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
Primary/Standby Pump Staging
The pump designated as primary will start first. If the evaporator state is start for a time greater than the
recirculate timeout set point and there is no flow, then the primary pump will shut off and the standby
pump will start. When the evaporator is in the run state, if flow is lost for more than half of the flow proof
set point value, the primary pump will shut off and the standby pump will start. Once the standby pump is
started, the flow loss alarm logic will apply if flow cannot be established in the evaporator start state, or if
the flow is lost in the evaporator run state.
Auto Control
If auto pump control is selected, the primary/standby logic above is till used. When the evaporator is not
in the run state, the run hours of the pumps will be compared. The pump with the least hours will be
designated as the primary at this time.
Evaporator Water Flow Loss
The Evaporator Water Flow Loss logic allows the Unit to shutdown compressors on a loss of flow up to
two times every twenty-four hours before locking the unit out on a Evaporator Flow Loss Alarm.
•
•
•
•
•
•
If there are no compressors running when Evaporator Water Flow Loss is indicated the Unit Status
changes to Auto:Wait for flow. The evaporator water pump state changes to Start and no alarms are
indicated.
If an Evaporator Water Flow Loss occurs while a compressor is running all of the running
compressors will be shutdown. The alarm indicators are turned On and the Circuit Status for any
circuit with running compressors becomes Off: Ready, the Unit Status becomes Auto: Wait For Flow
and the evaporator water pump state changes to Start
When flow is reestablished the Unit Status becomes Auto: Recirculate while the Evaporator Flow
Recirculation Timer counts down. If there is continuous evaporator water flow while the Evaporator
Recirculation Timer counts down the Alarm indicator is turned off, and the unit resumes normal start
up procedures based on water temperature and cycle timers.
If second Evaporator Water Flow Loss occurs within twenty-four hours the process described above is
repeated.
If a third loss of flow is indicated in a twenty-four hour time frame the unit will shut down on an
Evaporator Water Flow Loss alarm and it will be locked out until this alarm is manually cleared.
The twenty-four hour timer that limits the auto restart is reset when the control clock rolls over 00:00
each night.
Condenser Fans – Air Cooled
Air-cooled condenser fan control is active only when the water cooled set point is set to off.
Fantrol
Fans 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11 are for circuit #1, and fans 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 are for circuit 2. Fans 1 and 2 start with
the first compressor on the respective circuit when the ambient temperature is greater than 75°F. Below
75°F, these fans start when the condenser saturated temperature gets up to the condenser saturated
temperature target. The compressor must be running in order to run any fans. R22 and R407C units are
limited to 8 fans.
Fan Stages
There are 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 fans available per circuit. On 8, 10, and 12 fan units, fans 5/7, 6/8, 9/11 and 10/12
are controlled by one contactor for each pair, using virtual stages to allow a difference of only one fan
between stages, See tables below:
4 and 6-Fan Remote Condenser
Stage
OMM 1130-2
Fans Operating on Circuit 1
Fans Operating on Circuit 2
1
Fan 1
Fan 2
2
Fans 1 & 3
Fans 2 & 4
3
Fans 1, 3, 5
Fans 2, 4, 6
39
8-Fan Remote Condenser, R22, R407C
Stage
Fans Operating on Circuit 1
Fans Operating on Circuit 2
1
Fan 1
Fan 2
2
Fans 1, 3
Fans 2, 4
3
Fans 1, 3, 5
Fans 2, 6, 8
4
Fans 1, 3, 5, 7
Fans 2, 4, 6, 8
8-Fan Remote Condenser, R410A
Stage
Fans Operating on Circuit 1
1
Fan 1
Fans Operating on Circuit 2
Fan 2
2
Fans 1, 3
Fans 2, 4
3
Fans 1, 5, 7
Fans 2, 6, 8
4
Fans 1, 3, 5, 7
Fans 2, 4, 6, 8
10 Fan Remote Condenser, R410A
Stage
Fans Operating on Circuit 1
1
Fan 1
Fans Operating on Circuit 2
Fan 2
2
Fans 1, 3
Fans 2, 4
3
Fans 1, 5, 7
Fans 2, 6, 8
4
Fans 1, 3, 5, 7
Fans 2, 4, 6, 8
5
Fans 1, 3, 5, 7, 9
Fans 2, 4, 6, 8, 10
12Fan Remote Condenser, R410A
Stage
Fans Operating on Circuit 1
1
Fan 1
Fans Operating on Circuit 2
Fan 2
2
Fans 1, 3
Fans 2, 4
3
Fans 1, 5, 7
Fans 2, 6, 8
4
Fans 1, 3, 5, 7
Fans 2, 4, 6, 8
5
Fans 1, 3, 5, 7, 9
Fans 2, 4, 6, 8, 10
6
Fans 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11
Fans 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12
Normal Operation – Staging Up
At startup, the first fan will start when the saturated condenser temperature rises above the target. After
this, the stage up deadbands apply.
When the saturated condenser temperature is above the Target + the active deadband, a Stage Up error is
accumulated.
Stage Up Error Step = Saturated Condenser Refrigerant temperature – (Target + Stage Up dead band)
The Stage Up Error Step is added the Stage Up Accumulator once every Stage Up Error Delay seconds.
When Stage Up Error Accumulator is greater than the Stage Up Error Set Point another stage is started.
When a stage up occurs or the saturated condenser temperature falls back within the Stage Up dead band
the Stage Up Accumulator is reset to zero.
Normal Operation – Staging Down
There are four Stage Down dead bands, one for each stage.
When the saturated condenser refrigerant temperature is below the condenser saturated temperature target
– the active dead band, a Stage Down error is accumulated.
Stage Down Error Step = (Target – Stage Down dead band) – Saturated Condenser Refrigerant
temperature
The Stage Down Error Step is added to Stage Down Accumulator once every Stage Down Error Delay
seconds. When the Stage Down Accumulator is greater than the Stage Down Error Set Point another stage
of condenser fans turn off. The last stage on will not shut off until the circuit is in an off state.
40
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
When stage down occurs or the saturated temperature rises back within the Stage Down dead band the
Stage Down Error Accumulator is reset to zero.
Forced Fan Stage at Start
Fans may be started simultaneously with the compressor based on outdoor ambient temperature. When
the compressor starts, and after compressor operation is verified by either a 1 psi drop in evaporator or 1
psi rise in condenser pressures, a Fantrol stage is forced based on the following table.
OAT
Fantrol Stage At Start
>75°F
Forced Fan 1 SP
>90°F
Forced Fan 2 SP
>105°F
Forced Fan 3 SP
Up to four fans may be forced on when the compressor starts.
After forcing fans on, the saturated condenser temperature may temporarily stay below the target by some
amount. In order to keep the fans from staging off, no stage down error can be accumulated until either
the OAT drops below 75°F or the saturated condenser temperature goes above the target.
Condenser Pump and Tower Control – Water Cooled
Condenser pump and cooling tower control logic requires that the unit be configured as water-cooled in
order to be active.
Condenser Water Pump State Control (Cond State)
If the unit is configured as water-cooled, then the state-transition diagram shown below defines the
condenser pump control logic.
Condenser Pump State Diagram
Off
Cond Flow Alarm OR
Unit State = Off OR
Evap Pump State = Start OR
No Circuit Available OR
LWT error < Start Delta]
AND
No Cond Refrig Freeze Event
AND
No Compressor Running
Run
Unit State=Auto AND
Any Circuit Available AND
Stage up now = True]
OR
Cond Refrig Freeze Event
AND No Cond Flow Alarm
Cond Flow Alarm OR
[Unit State = Off OR
No Circuit Available OR
Evap Pump State = Start OR
LWT error < Start Delta]
AND
No Cond Refrig Freeze Event
AND
No Compressor Running
[Cond Pump State = Start
AND Flow Switch Closed]
for time > Cond Pmp
Recirc Time seconds
Start
Pump Selection
The pump output used will be determined by the Cond Pump Control set point. The setting allows the
following configurations:
#1 only – Pump 1 will always be used.
#2 only – Pump 2 will always be used.
OMM 1130-2
41
Auto – The primary pump is the one with the least run hours, the other is used as a backup.
#1 Primary – Pump 1 is used normally, with pump 2 as a backup.
#2 Primary – Pump 2 is used normally, with pump 1 as a backup.
Primary/Standby Pump Staging
The pump designated as primary will start first. If the condenser state is start for a time greater than the
re-circulate timeout set point and there is no flow, then the primary pump will shut off and the standby
pump will start. When the condenser is in the run state, if flow is lost for more than half of the flow proof
set point value, the primary pump will shut off and the standby pump will start. Once the standby pump is
started, the flow loss alarm logic will apply if flow cannot be established in the condenser start state, or if
the flow is lost in the condenser run state.
Auto Control
If auto pump control is selected, the primary/standby logic above is till used. When the condenser is not in
the run state, the run hours of the pumps will be compared. The pump with the least hours will be
designated as the primary at this time
Condenser Water Flow Loss
The Condenser Water Flow Loss logic allows the Unit to shutdown compressors on a loss of flow up to
two times every twenty-four hours before locking the unit out on a Condenser Flow Loss Alarm.
•
•
•
•
•
•
If there are no compressors running when Condenser Water Flow Loss is indicated the Unit Status
changes to Auto:Wait for flow. The condenser water pump state changes to Start and no alarms are
indicated.
If a Condenser Water Flow Loss occurs while a compressor is running all of the running compressors
will be shutdown. The Alarm indicators are turned On and the Circuit Status for any circuit with
running compressors becomes Off: Ready, the Unit Status becomes Auto: Wait For Flow and the
condenser water pump state changes to Start
When flow is reestablished the Unit Status becomes Auto: Recirculate while the Condenser Flow
Recirculation Timer counts down. If there is continuous evaporator water flow while the Condenser
Recirculation Timer counts down the Alarm indicator is turned off, and the Unit resumes normal start
up procedures based on water temperature and cycle timers.
If second Condenser Water Flow Loss occurs within twenty-four hours the process described above is
repeated.
If a third loss of flow is indicated in twenty-four hour time frame the Unit will shut down on an
Condenser Water Flow Loss alarm and it will be locked out until this alarm is manually cleared.
The twenty-four hour timer that limits the auto restart is reset when the control clock rolls over 00:00
each night.
Tower Fans
Tower fan control is active when the unit is set up as water cooled (WaterCooled=On), Tower Control is
set to Temperature, and the condenser pump is in the RUN state. Staging is based on Entering Condenser
Water Temperature (ECWT). Operation depends on the following parameters.
Condenser pump state
ECWT
Stage up and stage down timer values
Tower set points (Tower Control, Tower Stages, Stage Up Time, Stage Down Time, Stage Differential
,Stage #1 ON, Stage #2 ON, Stage Down @, Stage Up @)
When the condenser pump starts, the stage up timer shall start. The first stage shall turn ON when the
following conditions are met:
The stage up timer completes
The ECWT is > Stage #1 ON set point
Bypass valve position is > the Stage Up @ set point (only if Valve/VFD Control set point = Valve Stage)
42
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
Additional stages can turn on (up to the number specified by the Tower Stages set point) when above
conditions are met for the next stage plus the following condition:
VFD Speed is > the Stage Up @ set point (only if Valve/VFD Control set point = VFD Stage OR Valve
SP/VFD Stage)
Down staging shall occur when the following conditions are met:
The stage down timer completes
The ECWT is < Stage #X ON (Temp) set point – Stage Differential (Temp) set point
Bypass valve position is < the Stage Down @ set point (only if Valve/VFD Control set point = Valve
Stage)
VFD Speed is < the Stage Down @ set point (only if Valve/VFD Control set point = VFD Stage OR
Valve SP/VFD Stage)
Each stage up or stage down event will restart both the stage up and stage down timers. Only one fan
output will be switched at a time (except that all outputs switch OFF when the condenser pump state
equals OFF).
Cooling Tower Bypass Valve
When the Valve/VFD Control set point is set to None OR VFD Stage, this output will be set to 0.
Otherwise, it shall be controlled as described below.
Initial Valve Position
When the condenser pump is not in the RUN state, the valve output will be set as a function of entering
condenser water temperature (ECWT)) per the following graph.
Initial Valve Position
Max Position @
Set Point
(90°F)
(values are examples only)
Min Position @
Set Point
(60°F)
Min Start Position
Set Point (10%)
Max Start Position
Set Point (90%)
Operation After Start
When the condenser pump is in the RUN state, the valve output will be controlled in one of two modes as
specified by the Valve/VFD Control set point. The controlled parameter will be the condenser entering
water temperature. When the desired output signal varies from 0 to 100%, the output voltage will vary as
shown below.
0 to 10 VDC (Valve Type = NC to tower)
10 to 0 VDC (Valve Type = NO to tower)
Valve Set Point Mode
This mode is operational when the Valve/VFD Control set point is set to Valve Set Point OR Valve
SP/VFD Stage. In this mode the valve output is varied with a proportional-derivative (PD) algorithm
(with dead band) in order to maintain the controlled parameter (CP) at the desired value. The output is
always limited between the Valve Control Range (Min) set point and the Valve Control Range (Max) set
point. A valve increment shall be computed once every 5 seconds according to the following equation.
Increment = [(Error) * (Error Gain set point)] + [(Slope) * (Slope Gain set point)]
Where: Error = ECWT – Valve Set Point Slope = (Present CP) – (Previous CP)
When the Error is > the Valve Deadband set point, the valve position analog output (% of full scale) is
updated according to the following equation.
New %Position = Old %Position + Increment/10.
OMM 1130-2
43
Valve Stage Mode
This mode is only operational when the Valve/VFD Control set point is set to Valve Stage. In this mode
the valve output is controlled as for Valve Set Point mode (above) except that the active set point for the
controlled parameter is selected according to the following table.
Number Of Fans ON
0
1
2
Active Set Point
Valve Set Point
Stage #1 ON
Stage #2 ON
Cooling Tower Fan VFD
When the Valve/VFD Control set point is set to None, Valve Setpoint, OR Valve Stage, this output will be
set to 0. Otherwise, it will be controlled in a manner identical to Valve Stage Mode (above) except that
(1) it will be kept at zero until the first fan stage is ON and (2) the following set points do not apply.
Valve Control Range (Min)
Valve Control Range (Max)
Valve Type
Compressor Start/Stop Timing
This section determines when to start or stop a compressor. There are two separate functions used, one
for staging up and one for staging down.
Stage Up Now
The Stage Up Now flag is set based on the following tests:
If Unit mode = Cool AND
no compressors are running AND
LWT error > Start delta + 0.5 * Control Band AND
Motor Protect Timer expired AND
Stage up timer expired THEN
Stage Up Now = True
If Unit Mode = Cool AND
At least one compressor is running AND
LWT error > 0.5 * Control band AND
Pulldown rate <= Max pulldown rate AND
Compressors running < unit capacity limit AND
Stage up timer expired THEN
Stage Up Now = True
If Unit mode = Heat AND
no compressors are running AND
LWT error > Start delta + 0.5 * Control Band AND
Motor Protect Timer expired AND
Stage up timer expired THEN
Stage Up Now = True
If Unit Mode = Heat AND
At least one compressor is running AND
LWT error > 0.5 * Control band AND
Pulldown rate <= Max pulldown rate AND
Compressors running < unit capacity limit AND
Stage up timer expired THEN
Stage Up Now = True
44
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
Stage Down Now
The Stage Down Now flag is set based on the following tests:
If Unit Mode = Cool AND
LWT error < -0.5 * Control band AND
More than one compressor running AND
Stage down timer expired THEN
Stage Down Now = True
If Unit Mode = Cool AND
LWT error < (-0.5 * Control band - stop delta) AND
One compressor running AND
Stage down timer expired THEN
Stage Down Now = True
If Unit Mode = Cool AND
Number of compressors running > Demand limit AND
Stage down timer expired THEN
Stage Down Now = True
If Unit Mode = Heat AND
LWT error < -0.5 * Control band AND
More than one compressor running AND
Stage down timer expired THEN
Stage Down Now = True
If Unit Mode = Heat AND
LWT error < (-0.5 * Control band - stop delta) AND
One compressor running AND
Stage down timer expired THEN
Stage Down Now = True
Compressor Sequencing
Compressor staging is based primarily on compressor run hours and starts. Compressors that have less
starts will normally start before those with more starts. Compressors that have more run hours will
normally shut off before those with less run hours. In the event of a tie on number of starts, the lower
numbered compressor starts first. In the event of a tie on run hours, the lower numbered compressor shuts
off first. Run hours are compared in terms of tens of hours.
If possible, only one compressor per circuit will start before starting the second compressor on any circuit.
If a circuit is unavailable for any reason, the other circuit shall be allowed to stage the second compressor
on. When staging down, one compressor on each circuit shall be left on until each circuit has only one
compressor running.
Low Ambient Start (WaterCooled = NO)
In order to avoid low evaporator pressure alarms at startup, low OAT start logic allows for running at low
evaporator pressures for a longer time than normal as well allowing multiple compressor restart attempts
before locking out the circuit.
Low Ambient Start Procedure
A low OAT start is initiated if the condenser refrigerant saturated temperature is less than 85.0°F when the
first compressor starts. Once the compressor starts the circuit is in a low OAT start state for a time equal
to the Low OAT Start Time set point. During Low OAT Starts, the freezestat logic and low evaporator
pressure events are disabled. The absolute limit for low evaporator pressure is enforced and the
OMM 1130-2
45
compressor will shutdown if the evaporator pressure gets down to 5.0 psi. For R410a, the absolute limit
for low evaporator pressure is 20.0 psi.
When the Low OAT Start Timer has expired, if the evaporator pressure is greater than or equal to the Low
Evaporator Pressure Unload set point, the start is considered successful and normal alarm and event logic
is reinstated. If the evaporator pressure is less than the Low Evaporator Pressure Unload set point when
the Low OAT Start Timer expires, the start is unsuccessful and the compressor will shutdown.
Three compressor restarts per circuit are allowed when a circuit fails to start a compressor in a Low
Ambient Start attempt. On the third failed Low Ambient Start attempt the Restart Alarm is triggered and
the circuit will not attempt to restart a compressor until the Restart alarm has been cleared.
Circuit Capacity Overrides
The following conditions shall override the automatic capacity control when the chiller is in cool mode
only. These overrides keep a circuit from entering a condition in which it is not designed to run.
Low Evaporator Pressure
If a compressor in a circuit is running and the evaporator pressure drops below the Low Evaporator
Pressure Hold set point, no more compressors will be allowed to start on that circuit. The limit shall be
active until the evaporator pressure reaches the hold Low Evaporator Hold set point plus 8.0 psi for
R134a, R22, and R407C or 13.0 psi for R410A. On that circuit’s VIEW CIRCUITn (1) screen is
displayed the “Hold Clear @” value which is the limit by which the evaporator pressure must reach to
allow for additional loading. A Low Evaporator Pressure Hold event will be recorded in the Event Log.
If two or more compressors are running in a circuit and the evaporator pressure drops below the Low
Evaporator Pressure Unload set point, the circuit will begin reducing capacity. If two compressors are
running, one of the compressors will be stopped after a time delay has expired which is one-half the
calculated freeze time (lower pressure then shorter time). If three compressors are running, one
compressor will stop after a this time delay which is one-half the calculated freeze time and, ten seconds
later, if the pressure has not risen above the unload set point an additional compressor will be stopped.
The last compressor on a circuit will not stop due to the unload condition. The low evaporator pressure
unload event will clear when the evaporator pressure rises either 8.0 psi for R134a, R22, and R407C or
13.0 psi for R410A above the Low Evaporator Pressure Hold set point. A Low Evaporator Pressure
Unload event will be recorded in the Event Log.
If the evaporator pressure drops below the Low Evaporator Pressure Unload set point and one compressor
on the circuit is running then the following table applies.
Description
Low Evap Press Time
Requirement to continue
Check #1
15 seconds after start
Evap Press >(0.48*Low Evap Press SP)
Check #2
30 seconds after start
Evap Press >(0.66*Low Evap Press SP)
Check #3
45 seconds after start
Evap Press >(0.83*Low Evap Press SP)
Check #4
60 seconds after start
Evap Press > Low Evap Press SP
High Condenser Pressure – Unload Logic
If the discharge pressure rises above the High Condenser Pressure Unload set point and more than one
compressor on the circuit is running, the circuit will stage down. One compressor will shut down as soon
as the pressure rises above the unload set point and if two remain running then one more will shut down
10 seconds later if the pressure is still above the unload set point. On that circuit’s VIEW CIRCUITn (1)
screen is displayed the “Hold Clear @” value which is the limit by which the condenser pressure must
drop to allow for additional loading. A High Condenser Pressure Unload event will be recorded in the
Event Log.
No stage up will be allowed on the circuit until the condenser pressure drops below the unload set point
less an offset value which is calculated based on 1) type refrigerant, 2) number of compressors, 3)
condenser configuration, and 4) how many high pressure unload occurrences since the previous midnight. See below for initial offset value and step-increase for each additional occurrence.
46
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
Hold Clear Reset Value =
High Pressure Unload set point – [“Initial Offset” + [“Step-Increase” x [“number of occurrence”-1]]]
Initial Offset & Step Increase
Condenser
Configuration
No. of
Compressors
R410A
R22,
R407C
R134a
Step
Increase
4
40 psi
30 psi
30 psi
10 psi
6
32 psi
N/A
20 psi
10 psi
4
100 psi
70 psi
N/A
15 psi
6
80 psi
N/A
N/A
15 psi
Water-Cooled
Air-Cooled
Example of Operation: Assume a packaged water-cooled WGZ unit with 4 compressors using R410A as the
refrigerant. Circuit number one is fully loaded (both compressors running) when that circuit’s condenser
pressure exceeds the High Condenser Pressure Unload set point. Circuit number one will unload by turning
one of the two compressors off immediately. This circuit will not be allowed to load back up until its
condenser pressure decreases below the “Hold Clear @” value which is displayed on the “VIEW CIRCUIT 1
(1)” screen. Since this is the first High Condenser Pressure – Unload occurrence for that circuit, the circuit
will be allowed to load once the condenser pressure drops below the High Condenser Pressure Unload set
point minus 40 psi. If using default value (405 psi) this will be 365 psi. After some time, the condenser
pressure is allowed to decrease below this value and circuit number one is again allowed to load up. Again its
condenser pressure exceeds the High Condenser Pressure Unload set point and it unloads. Because this is the
second High Condenser Pressure – Unload occurrence for that circuit, the circuit will not be allowed to load
until the condenser pressure drops below the High Condenser Pressure Unload set point minus 50 psig (40
psi plus step-increase10psi). If using default values, this will be 355 psi. As you can see, for each occurrence
the discharge pressure must get lower and lower (based on Step-Increase value) before the circuit is allowed
to again load. This logic is intended to prevent excessive cycling of compressors.
Unit Capacity Overrides
The following conditions override the automatic capacity control when the chiller is in cool mode only.
Demand Limit
The maximum unit capacity can be limited by a 4 to 20 mA signal on the Demand Limit analog input.
This function is only enabled if the Demand Limit set point is set to ON. The maximum unit capacity
stage is determined as shown in the following graph.
Limit Signal vs. Max Stage
(with 4 compressors)
Limit Signal vs. Max Stage
(with 6 compressors)
4
6
5
3
4
Max
Stage
Max
Stage
2
3
2
1
1
0
0
4.0
8.0
12.0
16.0
20.0
4.0
Limit Signal (mA)
0
25.0
50.0
75.0
Limit Signal (%)
6.7
9.3
12.0
14.7
17.3
20.0
83.4
100.0
Limit Signal (mA)
100.0
0
16.7 33.3 50.0 66.7
Limit Signal (%)
Any signal less than 4 mA does not limit the chiller capacity.
OMM 1130-2
47
Network Limit
The maximum unit capacity can be limited by a network signal. This function is only enabled if the unit
control source is set to network. The maximum unit capacity stage is based on the network limit value
received from the BAS, and is determined as shown in the following graph.
Network Limit vs. Max Stage
(with 4 compressors)
Network Limit vs. Max Stage
(with 6 compressors)
4
6
5
3
Max
Stage
Max
Stage
2
4
3
2
1
1
0
0
0
25.0
50.0
75.0
100.0
0
Network Limit (%)
16.7 33.3
50.0
66.7
83.4
100.0
Network Limit (%)
In order to allow all stages to run, a signal of 100.0% is required.
Maximum LWT Rate
The maximum rate at which the leaving water temperature can drop is limited by the Maximum Pull
Down Rate set point when the unit mode is cool. If the rate exceeds this set point, no more compressors
shall be started until the pull down rate is less than the set point. Running compressors will not be
stopped as a result of exceeding the maximum pull down rate.
Low Ambient Lockout (Water Cooled = NO Only)
If the OAT drops below the low ambient lockout set point, then all running circuits will do a normal stop,
after the compressors have stopped the evaporator water pump will stop. Once the lockout has been
triggered, the evaporator water pump will remain off and no compressors will start until the OAT rises to
the lockout set point plus 5°F.
Manual Compressor Control
The operator can manually enable and disable individual compressors. When a compressor has been
disabled it is considered unavailable to start in the staging logic. With Manual Compressor control it is
possible to take a damaged compressor offline while the remaining compressors on the circuit can still
provide some cooling.
A running compressor cannot be disabled until it has been shutdown. If both of the compressors on a
circuit have been disabled then the circuit is disabled. If both circuits have all of their compressors
disabled, the Unit state will remain “Off”.
Normal Circuit Shutdown
If a condition arises that requires a circuit to shut down, but it is not an emergency situation, then the
circuit will do a pump down. A normal circuit shutdown will be initiated when any of the following
occur:
• Unit State = Pump Down
• Circuit Switch = Off
• Low Ambient Lockout
48
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
•
•
A normal stage down occurs, and only one compressor on the circuit is running
Unit mode = Ice AND the ice set point is reached
Pump Down Procedure
•
•
•
•
If both compressors are running, shut off the appropriate compressor based on sequencing logic
With one compressor left running, turn off hot gas output and liquid line output
Keep running until evaporator pressure reaches the pump down pressure, then stop compressor
If evaporator pressure does not reach pump down pressure within two minutes, stop compressor and
record a Failed Pumpdown event in the Event Log.
Rapid Circuit Shutdown
A situation may arise that requires a circuit to shut down immediately, without doing a pumpdown. This
rapid shutdown will be triggered by any of the following:
Unit State = Off
Circuit Alarm
Low ambient start attempt failed
All compressors, hot gas, and liquid line outputs should be turned off immediately for a rapid shutdown.
Liquid Line Solenoid
The liquid line output shall be on any time a compressor on the circuit is running and the circuit is not
performing a pump down. This output should be off at all other times.
Hot Gas Bypass Solenoid
This output shall be on when one compressor on the circuit is running and the circuit is not performing a
pump down. The output should be off at all other times including the delay time described below.
The hot gas bypass valve opening will be delayed for Hot Gas Bypass Time set point seconds (the default
is 30 seconds) when the first compressor starts on each circuit.
EXV Control
The EXV control logic is active regardless of the expansion valve type setting. While a circuit is in the
run state, the EXV controls suction superheat. The superheat target is 8oF. PID logic will be used to
control the superheat to the target value.
Any time the circuit is not in the run state, the EXV position should be 0.
EXV Control Range
The table below shows the EXV range based on the number of compressors running and number of
compressors on unit.
Number of
Compressors
Compressors Running
Valve
Position
1
2
3
EXV Min
8%
8%
-
EXV Max
60%
100%
-
EXV Min
8%
8%
8%
EXV Max
35%
45%
65%
4
6
OMM 1130-2
49
Manual EXV Control
The EXV position can be set manually. Manual control can only be selected when the circuit is in the
run state. At any other time, the EXV control set point is forced to auto.
When EXV control is set to auto, the manual EXV position setting follows the auto control position.
When EXV control is set to manual, the EXV position is equal to the manual EXV position setting.
Maximum EXV Operating Pressure
This logic only applies to TGZ units (Refrig = R134a) equipped with electronic expansion valves.
The purpose of this logic is to prevent the operating circuit’s evaporator pressure from exceeding the
‘MaxOpPress’ set point (found on “SET COMP SPs (6) screen) and overloading the compressors.
The electronic expansion valves (EEV) will close to prevent the operating circuit’s evaporator
pressure from exceeding the ‘MaxOpPress’ set point.
50
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
Using the Controller
Getting Started
There are two basic procedures to learn in order to utilize the MicroTech II controller:
•
Navigating through the menu matrix to reach a desired menu screen and knowing where a particular
screen is located.
•
Knowing what is contained in a menu screen and how to read that information or how to change a
setpoint contained in the menu screen.
Navigating Through the Menus
The menus are arranged in a matrix of screens across a top horizontal row. Some of these top-level
screens have sub-screens located under them. The general content of each screen and its location in the
matrix are shown in Figure 10. (A detailed description of each menu begins on page 53.) There are two
ways to navigate through the menu matrix to reach a desired menu screen.
One is to scroll through the matrix from one screen to another using the four ARROW keys.
The other way is to use shortcuts to work through the matrix hierarchy. From any menu screen, pressing
the MENU key will take you to the top level of the hierarchy. The display will show ALARM, VIEW,
and SET as shown in Figure 8. This corresponds to the second row of screens on Figure 10. One of these
groups of screens can then be selected by pressing the key connected to it via the pathway shown in
Figure 8 on page 18.
For example, selecting ALARM will go the next row of menus under ALARM (ALARM LOG or
ACTIVE ALARM). Selecting VIEW will go the next level of screens under VIEW (VIEW UNIT
STATUS or VIEW UNIT TEMP). Selecting SET will go to a series of screens for looking at and
changing setpoints.
After pressing the MENU button, the top-level menu screen will show:
< ALARM
< VIEW
<
SET
<
After pressing the “VIEW” menu button, a menu screen will show:
VIEW
< COMPRESSOR
<
UNIT
< EVAPORATOR
<
FANS
After pressing the “EVAPORATOR” menu button, the selected data screen will show:
VIEW EVAP
(screen data)
(screen data)
(screen data)
The arrow keys will automatically return to the “scroll” mode at this time.
MENU Key
The MENU key is used to switch between the shortcut method (known as the MENU mode and as shown
in Figure 8) and scrolling method (known as the SCROLL mode). The MENU mode is the shortcut to
specific groups of menus used for checking ALARMS, for VIEWING information, or to SET setpoint
values. The SCROLL mode allows the user to move about the matrix (from one menu to another, one at a
time) by using the four ARROW keys. A typical menu screen is shown in the following figure. Pressing
the MENU key from any menu screen will automatically return you to the MENU mode.
OMM 1130-2
51
Figure 9, Display in the Shortcut (SCROLL) Mode and Keypad Layout
MENU Key
Air Conditioning
VIEW UNIT STATUS
Unit = COOL
Compr. #1/#2=OFF/OFF
Evap Pump = RUN
ENTER Key
ARROW
ENTER Key
Pressing the ENTER key changes the function of the ARROW keys to the editing function as shown
below:
LEFT key Default, changes a value to the factory-set default value.
RIGHT key Cancel, cancels any change made to a value and returns to the original setting.
UP key
Increment, increases the value of the setting
DOWN key Decrement decreases the value of a setting.
These four edit functions are indicated by one-character abbreviation on the right side of the display (this
mode is entered by pressing the ENTER key).
Most menus containing setpoint values have several different setpoints shown on one menu. When in a
setpoint menu, the ENTER key is used to proceed from the top line to the second line and on downward.
The cursor will blink at the entry point for making a change. The ARROW keys (now in the edit mode)
are used to change the setpoint as described above. When the change has been made, press the ENTER
key to enter it. Nothing is changed until the ENTER key is pressed.
For example, to change the chilled water setpoint:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Press MENU key to go to the MENU mode.
Press SET (the UP Key) to go to the setpoint menus.
Press UNIT SPs (the Right key) to go to setpoints associated with unit operation.
Press the DOWN key to scroll down through the setpoint menus to the third menu which contains
Evap LWT=XX.X°F.
5. Press the ENTER key to move the cursor down from the top line to the second line in order to make
the change.
6. Use the ARROW keys (now in the edit mode as shown above) to change the setting.
7. When the desired value is achieved, press ENTER to enter it and also move the cursor down.
At this point, the following actions can be taken:
1. Change another setpoint in this menu by scrolling to it with the ENTER key.
2. Using the ENTER key, scroll to the first line in the menu. From there the ARROW keys can be used
to scroll to different menus.
Menu Screens
Various menus are shown in the controller display. Each menu screen shows specific information, in
some cases menus are only to view status of the unit, in some cases for checking alarms, and in some
cases they are used to set setpoint values that can be changed.
The menus are arranged in a matrix of screens across a top horizontal row. Some of these top-level
screens have sub-screens located under them. The content of each screen and its location in the matrix
are shown in Figure 10. A description of each menu begins on page 53.
The arrow keys on the controller are used to navigate through the menus. The keys are also used to
change numerical setpoint values contained in certain menus.
52
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
Figure 10, Menu Matrix
“MENU”
“VIEW” MENUS
UNIT
CIRCUITS
VIEW UNIT VIEW UNIT
VIEW
FANS
EVENTS
VIEW
VIEW
REFRIGERANT
VIEW
VIEW
VIEW EVENT (1)
STATUS
TEMP
CIRC #1
CIRC #2
REFRIGERANT
REFRIGERANT
FAN/TOWER
(1)
(1)
STATUS
STATUS
CIRCUIT #1
CIRCUIT #2
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
VIEW
VIEW
VIEW EVAP
VIEW EVAP
VIEW
(2)
(2)
FAN/TOWER
VIEW UNIT VIEW UNIT
STATUS
TEMP
COMP #1
CIRC #2
(5)
(2)
STATUS
STATUS
(3)
(3)
VIEW EVENT (n)
(n)
⇐ Continued ⇐
(Right side of matrix continued from above)
“ALARM” MENUS
“SET” MENUS
ALARM LOG
ACTIVE ALARM (1)
SET UNIT
SET COMP
SET LIMIT
(LAST)
TYPE, TIME
SPs, (1)
SPs (1)
ALARMS (1)
TYPE, TIME
ALARM LOG
ACTIVE ALARM (2) SET UNIT SPs,
(NEXT TO LAST)
TYPE, TIME
ALARM LOG
ACTIVE ALARM (3)
(SECOND TO
CLEAR/VIEW
TEST UNIT
STAGES
TOWER
(1)
FANTROL
(1)
SET LIMIT
SET FANS (2)
SET
SPs
ALARMS (2)
STAGE ON
TOWER
SET UNIT SPs,
SET LIMIT
SET FANS (3)
SET
(3)
ALARMS (3)
STAGE OFF
TOWER
(2)
LAST)
LAST 25 SHOWN
SET
SET COMP
(2)
ADDITIONAL
ALARM LOG
TEST
SET FANS (1)
(2)
(3)
SET UNIT SPs,
(4)
SET TOWER TEST UNIT
(7)
(to n)
(to 13)
Selection can be made within the matrix by using the LEFT/RIGHT keys to move between columns and
the UP/DOWN keys to move between rows.
Menu Descriptions
This section contains information on each screen. The menu screens are in order of the matrix in Figure
10 going from left to right and down when there are sub-menus. Many menus are self-explanatory. A
Setpoint menu allows selection of whether the unit has a water-cooled condenser, WaterCooled = Y (Yes)
or a remote condenser, WaterCooled = N (No). This selection will alter some menus as appropriate to the
type of condenser.
Screen Definitions – MENU
Top level menu:
< ALARM
< VIEW
<
SET
<
ALARM menu:
ALARM
< ACTIVE
<
LOG
<
<
OMM 1130-2
53
VIEW menu:
VIEW
< COMPRESSOR
<
UNIT
< EVAPORATOR
< FANS/TOWER
VIEW UNIT menu:
VIEW
<
TEMP
UNIT
<
STATUS
< REFRIGERANT
SET menu:
SET <
ALARM LIMITS
<
UNIT SPs
< COMPRESSOR SPs
< FANS/TOWER SPs
Screen Definitions – VIEW
View Unit Status
VIEW UNIT STATUS (1)
Auto
Cooling Stage = 0
Evap Pump = RUN
Unit states can be OFF, COOL, GYLCOL, ICE, or ALARM as determined from the Unit Mode setpoint,
the Unit Enable, and the presence of an alarm.
Circuit states can be OFF/OFF, ON/OFF, OFF/ON, and ON/ON.
Evaporator Pump States can be OFF, STRT, or RUN.
When more than one screen are stacked (i.e., relate to each other on the same subject), they are numbered
sequentially with the numbers appearing in the upper-right corner.
VIEW UNIT STATUS (2)
Demand Limit=Stg 4
Network Limit=Stg 4
VIEW UNIT STATUS (3)
Stg Up Delay=XXX sec
Stg Dn Delay=XXX sec
Ice Delay=XXh XXm
VIEW UNIT STATUS (4)
D.O.
111111111
123456789012345678
000000000000000000
This menu gives the status of digital outputs (D.O.), 1=ON, 0=OFF. Numbers are 1 through 18. See
Table 6 on page 19 for number reference.
VIEW UNIT STATUS (5)
D.I.
111111111
123456789012345678
000000000000000000
54
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
This menu gives the status of digital inputs (D.I.), 1=ON, 0=OFF. Numbers are 1 through 18. See Table
5 on page 19 for number reference.
VIEW UNIT STATUS (6)
Analog Output
(volts x 100)
1 = 000.0 2 =
000.0
VIEW UNIT STATUS (7)
Analog Output
(volts x 100)
3 = 000.0 4 =
000.0
VIEW UNIT STATUS (8)
EXB1 Online
D.O. 1 2 3 4
0 0 0 0
View Unit Tempertures
Water Cooled = Y
TGZ in Cool Mode
Water Cooled = N
VIEW UNIT TEMP (1)
Evap LWT = XX.X°F
Cond EWT = XXX.X°F
LWT Target = XX.X°F
VIEW UNIT TEMP (1)
Evap LWT
= XX.X°F
OAT = XXX.X°F
LWT Target = XX.X°F
TGZ Unit in Heat Mode (R134a)
VIEW UNIT TEMP (1)
Evap LWT = XX.X°F
Cond EWT = XXX.X°F
LWT Target = XX.X°F
The difference between the three screens above is that water-cooled units and the TGZ units will give the
entering condenser water temperature and air-cooled units will give the outside air temperature (OAT).
The outside-air temperature sensor is furnished with the unit, inside the control panel, wired to the correct
terminals. It must be installed outdoors in a location that will give the true outdoor temperature that the
condenser coils will see. Splicing of the sensor lead may be required. The unit will not operate without
the sensor installed.
WGZ unit
VIEW UNIT TEMP (2)
LWT Pulldn= XX.X °F
Control Band= XX.X°F
OMM 1130-2
TGZ Unit (R134a)
VIEW UNIT TEMP (2)
LWT Pulldn= XX.X °F
Control Band= XX.X°F
55
VIEW UNIT TEMP (3)
Control Temps
Start Up XX.X°F
Stage Up XX.X°F
VIEW UNIT TEMP (4)
Control Temps
Stage Down XX.X°F
Shut Down
XX.X°F
TGZ Unit Only in Cool Mode
TGZ Unit Only in Heat Mode
VIEW UNIT TEMP (5)
Cond LWT
XX.X°F
Evap EWT
XX.X°F
VIEW UNIT TEMP (5)
Cond LWT
XX.X°F
Evap EWT
XX.X°F
View Circuit
VIEW CIRCUIT#1
OFF
(1)
VIEW CIRCUIT#1 (2)
Comp 1
= OFF
Hours = XXXXX
Starts = XXXXX
VIEW CIRCUITt#1 (3)
Comp 3
= OFF
Hours = XXXXX
Starts = XXXXX
If # of Compresors = 6
Only f or R410A or R134a
VIEW CIRCUIT 1
Comp5=Off
Hours = XXXXX
Starts = XXXXX
(4)
VIEW CIRCUIT 2
Off
(1)
VIEW CIRCUIT#2
Comp 2
= OFF
Hours = XXXXX
Starts = XXXXX
56
(2)
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
VIEW CIRCUIT#2
Comp 4
= OFF
Hours = XXXXX
Starts = XXXXX
(3)
If # of Compresors = 6
Only f or R410A or R134a
VIEW CIRCUIT 1
Comp6=Off
Hours = XXXXX
Starts = XXXXX
(4)
View Refrigerant
VIEW REFRG Cir 1 (1)
Evap Press XXX.X psi
Cond Press XXX.X psi
R 134a, R22, R410A
VIEW REFRG Cir 1 (2)
Sat Evap XXX.X °F
Sat Cond XXX.X °F i
R407C
VIEW REFRG Cir 1 (2)
Evap Dew
XXX.X °F
Cond. Mid
XXX.X °F
VIEW REFRG Cir 1 (3)
SuctionTemp=XXX.X°F
Surperheat = XXX.X°F
EvapApproach= XX.X°F
TGZ Only (R134a)
VIEW REFRG Cir 1 (4)
LiqLineTemp=XXX.X°F
Subcooling = XXX.X°F
CondApproach= XX.X°F
Units with EEV only
VIEW REFRG Cir 1 (5)
EXV Ctrl = XXX
EXV Pos = XXX.X%
SH Target = XX.X°F
TGZ Units Only (R134a)
VIEW REFRG Cir 1 (6)
EXV Ctrl Range
XX.X% ---XX.X%
OMM 1130-2
57
VIEW REFRG Cir 2 (1)
Evap Press XXX.X psi
Cond Press XXX.X psi
R 134a, R22, R410A
VIEW REFRG Cir 2 (2)
Sat Evap XXX.X °F
Sat Cond XXX.X °F i
R407C
VIEW REFRG Cir 2 (2)
Evap Dew
XXX.X °F
Cond. Mid
XXX.X °F
VIEW REFRG Cir 2 (3)
SuctionTemp=XXX.X°F
Surperheat = XXX.X°F
EvapApproach= XX.X°F
TGZ Only (R134a)
VIEW REFRG Cir 2 (4)
LiqLineTemp=XXX.X°F
Subcooling = XXX.X°F
CondApproach= XX.X°F
Units with EEV only
VIEW REFRG Cir 2 (5)
EXV Ctrl = XXX
EXV Pos = XXX.X%
SH Target = XX.X°F
TGZ Units Only (R134a)
VIEW REFRG Cir 2 (6)
EXV Ctrl Range
XX.X% ---XX.X%
Water Cooled = Y Only or
TGZ Unit (R134a)
VIEW TOWER (1)
Stages ON = 1 of 2
EntCondTemp = XXX °F
Setpoint = XXX °F
The first Stages ON value is the number of fan stages ON. The second number is the Tower Stages
setpoint (0 if Tower Control = None). This screen shows the number of tower fans “on” for each circuit.
This screen will show the fans “on” whether they are actually connected to and controlled by the
MicroTech II controller or not.
58
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
Water Cooled = Y Only or
TGZ Unit (R134a)
VIEW TOWER (2)
Bypass Valve = XXX%
VFD Speed
= XXX%
The Bypass Valve value shall be “None” (in place of XXX%) if the Valve/VFD Control setpoint = None
or VFD Stage. The VFD Speed value shall be “None” if the Valve/VFD Control setpoint = None, Valve
Setpoint, or Valve Stage.
Water Cooled = N Only
VIEW FANS (1)
Fans On Circuit#1 =XX
Fans On Circuit#2 =XX
This screen shows the number of air-cooled condenser fans “on” for each circuit. This screen will show
the fans “on” whether they are actually connected to and controlled by the MicroTech II controller or not.
VIEW FANS
Stg Error Up
Cir 1 =
XXX
Cir 2 =
XXX
(2)
Down
XXX
XXX
VIEW FANS
(3)
Sat Cond Target =
XXX.X
Screen Definitions – ALARM
ALARM ACTIVE (X)
Time
Date
Alarm Description
OR
ALARM ACTIVE (X)
No more alarms
Press ENTER to clear
all active alarms
If the unit is off on a shutdown alarm or running, but in a limit alarm condition, the cause and date will
appear in the upper screen. If there is a simultaneous occurrence of more than one alarm, the others will
appear in additional screens below the first one, accessed by the DOWN ARROW.
Either type alarm will light a red light in back of the LEFT-ARROW KEY. The light will go out when the
fault is cleared. To clear the fault, scroll down to the last screen and press ENTER. If other faults have
appeared, they will all be cleared at the same time. It is not necessary to have a password open to clear
alarms.
ALARM LOG (X)
Alarm Description
Time
Date
Data Edit and scroll
The last 25 alarms, either shutdown or limit, are shown in this menu and subsequent menus located under
it. ARROW DOWN from this menu will go to the next-to-last alarm, ARROW DOWN again will go to
the second from last, and so on through the last 25 occurrences. The screens are numbered (1), (2), (3),
etc.
OMM 1130-2
59
Screen Definitions – EVENT LOG
EVENT LOG (X)
Event Description
Time
Date
Screen Definitions – SET
Set Unit Setpoints
SET UNIT SPs (1)
Unit Enable = OFF
Unit Mode
= COOL
Source = KEYPAD
Unit Enable settings can be OFF and ON as determined from the Unit Enable setpoint.
Unit Enable is an external signal or a keypad setting that keeps the unit off when the setting is OFF and
allows it to run if there is a call for cooling when the setting is ON. The source for the signal is selected
in the 4th line and can be:
•
KEYPAD, in which case the selection is made in line 2 and would be normally selected as ON. This
is the normal setting when no external signals are controlling the unit.
•
SWITCHES, in which an external switch is wired across terminals #40 and #53. (See wiring diagram
page 8 or 9.)
•
NETWORK, used with BAS signal, which is wired to the three communication ports.
•
Unit Mode settings can be
•
COOL, normal setting used with chilled water air-condition applications.
•
COOL w/GLYCOL, used with low temperature, glycol applications. It allows a lower LWT setpoint
to be used.
•
ICE w/GLYCOL, used with ice storage systems, allows changing from chilled glycol operation to
lower temperature ICE operation. In ICE, the unit runs at full load until the ICE setpoint is reached,
at which time the unit shuts off. A three-position switch wired to terminals #28 and #38 initiates the
change from glycol cooling to making ice. (See wiring diagrams on page 8 or 9.)
Unit Mode settings can be COOL COOLw/Glycol, or ICEw/Glycol, as determined from the Unit Mode
setpoint.
Source settings can be KEYPAD, SWITCHES, or NETWORK as determined from the Mode Source
setpoint.
SET UNIT SPs
(2)
Available Modes
=COOL
Set w/Unit Switch Off
SET UNIT SPs
(3)
Evap LWT = XX.X°F
Ice LWT = XX.X°F
EvapDeltaT= XX.X°F
60
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
SET UNIT SPs
(4)
Start Delta= XX.X°F
Stop Delta= XX.X°F
Demand Limit = ON
See page 13 for an explanation of compressor staging.
WGZ Units Only
SET UNIT SPs
(5)
Max Pulldn=X.X°F/min
Evap Recirc= XXX sec
Evap Pump = #1 Only
TGZ Units Only (R134a)
SET UNIT SPs
(5)
Max Pulldn=X.X°F/min
Evap Recirc= XXX sec
Evap Pump = #1 Only
Evap Pump choices are; #1 Only, #2 Only, Auto, #1 Primary, #2 Primary.
Water-Cooled = ON
SET UNIT SPs
(6)
Water Cooled = ON
Cond Recirc=XXX sec
Cond Pump = #1 Only
Water-Cooled = OFF
SET UNIT SPs
(6)
Water Cooled = Off
LowAmbLock XXX.X °F
TGZ Units (R134a)
SET UNIT SPs
(6)
Water Cooled = Off
LowAmbLock XXX.X °F
Water Cooled = On is the setting for units with on-board water-cooled condensers. Pump choices are;
#1 Only, #2 Only, Auto, #1 Primary, #2 Primary.
WaterCooled = OFF is used for units with remote condensers, usually air cooled.
SET UNIT SPs
(7)
Ice Time Delay=Xxsec
Clear Ice Delay=No
H.G. Delay = XX sec
H.G. Delay, hot gas bypass delay, keeps the hot gas solenoid valve closed when the first compressor on a
circuit starts. This delay allows sufficient condenser pressure to build up.
SET UNIT SPs
(8)
CLOCK
dd/mmm/yyyy
hh:mm:ss
SET UNIT SPs
(9) SET UNIT SPs
(9)
Units = °F/psi
Units = °F/psi
Lang = ENGLISH
Lang = ENGLISH
Refrig = None
Refrig = R22
OMM 1130-2
SET UNIT SPs
(9)
Units = °F/psi
Lang = ENGLISH
Refrig = R407C
61
SET UNIT SPs
(9) SET UNIT SPs
(9)
Units = °F/psi
Units = °F/psi
Lang = ENGLISH
Lang = ENGLISH
Refrig = R410A
Refrig = R134a
Refrigerant type is factory-set.
SET UNIT SPs
(10)
Protocol = Modbus
Ident Number=001
Baud Rate=9600
BAS interface settings, available mid-2003.
SET UNIT SPs
(11)
Evap Press Sensor
Cir 1 Offset XX.X psi
Cir 2 Offset XX.X psi
The pressure offsets on menus 11 and 12 and the temperature offsets on menus 10, 11 and 12 correct the
controller's display of the parameters. The sensors used in these units have a high degree of repeatability
but may need correction (offset). An accurate pressure gauge or thermometer is used to determine the
correct temperature or pressure. A positive or negative offset value is then entered to make the controller
reading agree with the measured value.
SET UNIT SPs
(12)
Cond Press Sensor
Cir 1 Offset XX.X psi
Cir 2 Offset XX.X psi
SET UNIT SPs
(13)
Evap Leaving Water
Temperature Sensor
Offset= 00.0 oF
SET UNIT SPs
(13)
LWT Sensors
Evap Offset = 00.0 oF
Cond Offset = 00.0 °F
SET UNIT SPs
(14)
OAT/Cond Lvg Water
Temperature Sensor
Offset= 00.0 oF
TGZ Units (Refrig = R134a)
SET UNIT SPs
(14)
LWT Sensors
Evap Offset = 00.0 oF
Cond Offset = 00.0 °F
SET UNIT SPs
(15)
Suction Temp Sensor
Cir1 Offset 00.0 °F
Cir2 Offset 00.0 °F
WGZ Unit (R22,R407C,R410A)
SET UNIT SPs
(16)
Clg ResType = X
Clg MaxRes = XX.X ºF
62
TGZ Unit (Refrig = 134a)
SET UNIT SPs
(16)
Liq Line Temp Sensors
Circ1 Offset = 00.0 ºF
Circ2 Offset = 00.0 ºF
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
WGZ Unit (R22,R407C,R410A)
SET UNIT SPs
(17)
ENTER PASSWORD: XXXX
Active Password
Level: None
TGZ Unit (Refrig = 134a)
SET UNIT SPs
(17)
Clg ResType = X
Clg MaxRes = XX.X ºF
Clg StrtRes = XX.X ºF
TGZ Unit in Cooling Mode .
SET UNIT SPs
(17)
ENTER PASSWORD: XXXX
Active Password
Level: None
TGZ Unit in Heat Mode.
SET UNIT SPs
(17)
Htg ResType = X
Htg MaxRes = XX.X ºF
Htg StrtRes = XX.X ºF
TGZ Unit Heat Mode.
SET UNIT SPs
(18)
ENTER PASSWORD: XXXX
Active Password
Level: None
Two four-digit passwords provide OPERATOR and MANAGER levels of access to changeable
parameters. The passwords are preprogrammed into the controller. Either password must be entered
using the ENTER PASSWORD (12) screen before a protected setting can be changed. The operator
password is 0100. The manager level is 2001.
This screen can be accessed either through the SET OTHER menu or by simply pressing the ENTER key
while on one of the SET screens. The controller will automatically go from the screen with the setting
change to this screen. After the correct password has been entered, the controller will automatically
return to the original set screen.
Once a password has been entered, it remains valid for 15 minutes after the last key-press.
Set Compressor Setpoints
SET COMP SPs
(1)
# of Compressors = X
Stop-Start =XXmin
Start-Start =XXmin
This menu sets the anti-recycle timers. Stop-Start is the time required before starting a compressor after it
has stopped. Start-Start is the time required before starting a compressor after the last time it has started.
It is recommended that the default values of 5 minutes and 15 minutes not be changed.
SET COMP SPs
(2)
InterStgUp =XXXsec
InterStgDown= XXsec
Clear Cycle Tmr = NO
InterStageUp is the time delay since the last stage change before a compressor can stage on, default is 120
sec.
InterStageDn is the time delay since the last stage change before a compressor can stage off normally (not
by an alarm). Default is 30 sec. It is recommended that these settings not be changed.
OMM 1130-2
63
# of Compressors = 4
# of Compressors = 6
SET COMP SPs
(3)
Comp 1 = Enable
Comp 3 = Enable
# of Compressors = 4
SET COMP
Comp 1 =
Comp 3 =
Comp 5 =
SPs
(3)
Enable
Enable
Enable
# of Compressors = 6
SET COMP SPs
(4)
Comp 2 = Enable
Comp 4 = Enable
SET COMP
Comp 2 =
Comp 4 =
Comp 6 =
SPs
(4)
Enable
Enable
Enable
Enable screens #3 and #4 require the manager password to change.
TGZ Units Only (R134a)
SET COMP SPs
Expansion Valve
Type = Thermal
(5)
SET COMP SPs
(5)
Expansion Valve
Type = Electronic
MaxOpPress=XXX.X psi
Expansion Valve Type = Electronic
SET COMP SPs
(6)
Cir 1 EXV
EXV Control = Auto
Manual EXV Pos=XXX.X
Expansion Valve Type = Electronic
SET COMP SPs
(7)
Cir 2 EXV
EXV Control = Auto
Manual EXV Pos=XXX.X
Expansion Valve Type = Electronic Only
SET COMP SPs (8)
SuperheatTarg= XX.X
SET ALARM LIMITS
SET ALARM LMTS (1)
Low EVAP Pressure
Hold=XXXpsi
Unload=XXXpsi
The Hold and Unload have the same default value of 59 psi. If two compressors are running, the
LowEvPrUnld is in effect and the lag compressor will be shut off to unload the unit. If one compressor is
running, the LowEvPrHold is in effect and the lag compressor is prevented from starting, thereby holding
the unit capacity.
64
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
The last action to take place is the shutoff of all compressors running when the LowEvPrStop setting is
reached (default is 58 psi). Reducing these time intervals will increase detrimental compressor cycling. It
is recommended that these settings not be changed.
SET ALARM LMTS (2)
High Cond Pressure
Unload= XX.X°F
Stop=XXXsec
Unload is a limit alarm that unloads the unit at 370 psi in an attempt to prevent total shutdown from the
HighCondPr at 380 psi. The stage down is set at 370 psi. It is recommended that these settings not be
changed.
Stop (the unit high-discharge-pressure shutdown) is a stop alarm that shuts off the unit when the discharge
pressure reaches the setting. The default setting is 380 psi.
LowEvPrDelay is a time delay on the low pressure trip that reduces nuisance low-pressure trips. The
default setting is 30 seconds.
SET ALARM LMTS (3)
GroundFault = N
PhaseVoltage = N
Low OATStartTMR=XXsec
GroundFault and PhaseVoltage entries are Y (Yes) or N (No) depending on whether the options are on the
unit.
CondFreeze is an alarm that reduces the chance of freezing the water in the condenser (when compressors
are not running). An alarm is registered and the condenser pump is energized at the same time. The
alarm setpoint is 34°F saturated condenser temperature and it resets at +2°F above the setpoint.
SET ALARM LMTS (4)
Evap Freeze = XX.X°F
EvapFlowProff=XXXsec
Recirc Timeout=XXmin
Evap Freeze (the unit freeze protection shutdown) is actually a stop alarm and shuts off the unit when the
LWT reaches 36°F. It is cleared by going to the CLEAR ALARM menu in the ACTIVE ALARM
hierarchy.
EvapFlowProof is the flow switch interlock. Closing the flow switch and therefore proving the existence
of chilled water flow resets this trip. It is recommended that these settings not be changed.
LowAmbientLock applies to units with air-cooled condensers and prevents unit operation below the
setting. The available range is -2°F to 60°F with a default of 35°F.
WaterCooled=ON
SET ALARM LIMITS (5)
Cond Freeze= XX.X °F
CondFlowProof= XX sec
TGZ in Heat Mode
SET ALARM LIMITS (6)
LowSourceTmp = XX.X°F
LowSourceDif = XX.X°F
OMM 1130-2
65
Set Air-Cooled Condenser Fans
Water-cooled = Off
SET FANS SPs
Fan Stages=X
Speedtrol=Yes/No
(1)
Water-cooled = Off
SET FANS SPs
(2)
Stage ON Deadband (°F)
Stg2
Stg3
Stg4
XXX
XXX
XXX
Water-cooled = Off
SET FANS SPs
(3)
Stage Off Deadband (°F)
Stg2
Stg3
Stg4
XXX
XXX
XXX
The SET FANS SP screens 2 through 5 establish the temperature that will stage the condenser fans on and
off. These screens apply only to units set up for use with air-cooled condensers (WaterCooled=No). On
such units, the settings do not have to be entered if the unit controller is not used to stage condenser fans
for head pressure control. If the MicroTech II unit controller is not used to control the fans, some other
method must be used.
Water cooled=Off
SET FANS SPs
(4)
Cond Sat Temp Target
Set Point= XXX.X °F
Water cooled=Off
SET FANS SPs
(5)
# Fans On At Startup
>75°F >90°F >105°F
X
X
X
Set Cooling Tower Control
The MicroTech II controller is capable of controlling cooling tower water temperature on chillers using
water-cooled condensers. Output wiring connection points are shown on the field wiring diagrams.
[Water Cooled = Y] - Condenser Pump on with first Compressor on. Tower fan control is active when the
Tower Control setpoint is set to Temperature and the condenser pump is in the RUN state. Staging is
based on Entering Condenser Water Temperature (ECWT). Operation depends on the following.
Condenser pump state
ECWT OR Lift pressure
Stage up and stage down timer values
Tower setpoints (Tower Control, Tower Stages, Stage Up Time, Stage Down Time, Stage Differential,
Stage #1 ON, Stage #2 ON, Stage Down @, Stage Up @)
When the condenser pump starts, the stage up timer shall start. The first stage shall turn ON when the
following conditions are met:
The stage up timer completes
The ECWT is > Stage #1 ON setpoint
66
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
Bypass valve position is > the Stage Up @ setpoint (only if Valve/VFD Control setpoint = Valve Stage)
Additional stages can turn on (up to the number specified by the Tower Stages setpoint) when above
conditions are met for the next stage plus the following condition:
VFD Speed is > the Stage Up @ setpoint (only if Valve/VFD Control setpoint = VFD Stage OR Valve
SP/VFD Stage)
Down staging shall occur when the following conditions are met:
The stage down timer completes
The ECWT is < Stage #X ON (Temp) setpoint – Stage Differential (Temp) setpoint point
Bypass valve position is < the Stage Down @ setpoint (only if Valve/VFD Control setpoint = Valve
Stage)
VFD Speed is < the Stage Down @ setpoint (only if Valve/VFD Control setpoint = VFD Stage OR Valve
SP/VFD Stage)
Each stage up or stage down event shall restart both the stage up and stage down timers. Only one fan
output shall be switched at a time (except that all outputs switch OFF when the condenser pump state
equals OFF).
Water-cooled On
SET TOWER SPs (1)
Tower Control= None
Tower Stages = X
StageUP/DN=XXX/XXX%
When Tower Control is None the control of condenser water temperature is not by the MicroTech II
controller and assumed to be furnished elsewhere.
Tower Stages is the number of tower fans to be staged by the controller, choices are 0, 1, or 2. "0"
indicates control will be by a bypass valve or variable speed pump controlled by the MicroTech II
controller.
StageUP/DN imposes a time delay between fan stages when turning on or turning off.
Water-cooled On
SET TOWER SPs (2)
Stage ON (Temp)°F
#1 #2
XXX XXX
Stage ON Temp is the entering condenser water temperature (ECWT) that will turn on tower fan #1 and
#2. Default settings are 70°F and 75°F. Cold condenser water will improve unit efficiency but too cold
can cause erratic operation. Settings below 60°F are not recommended.
Water-cooled On
SET TOWER SPs (3)
StageDiff = XX.X°F
Stage Up Tmr=XX min
StageDn Tmr=XX min
StageDiff is the number of degrees below the Stage ON that will turn off the tower fans. For example, if
Stage ON #1 is 70°F and StageDiff is 5°F, tower fan #1 will stage off when the ECWT drops to 65°F and
stage the fan on when the ECWT rises to 70°F. The same is true for fan #2.
Stage Up timer is the number of minutes that must elapse between the condenser pump starting (it starts
with the unit) and fan #1 starting or the time between fan #1 starting and fan #2 starting.
StageDown is the elapsed time between staging down the fan motors.
OMM 1130-2
67
Water-cooled = Y
SET TOWER SPs (4)
Valve/VFD Control=
ValveSP/VFDStage
Valve Type=NC to Twr
Valve/VFD Control settings are None, Valve Setpoint, Valve Stage, VFD Stage, or ValveSP/VFDStage.
Default is None which results in no control of the tower from the MicroTech II controller.
Valve Setpoint, the valve will control (bypass tower) to hold the minimum temperature as established by
the Set Tower SPs in screen (5) below.
This mode is operational when the Valve/VFD Control setpoint is set to Valve Setpoint OR Valve SP/VFD
Stage. In this mode the valve output is varied with a proportional-derivative (PD) algorithm (with
deadband) in order to maintain the controlled parameter (CP) at the desired value. The output is always
limited between the Valve Control Range (Min) setpoint and the Valve Control Range (Max) setpoint. A
valve increment shall be computed once every 5 seconds according to the following equation. (Error Gain
and Slope Gain are set in menu screen #8.)
Increment = [(Error) * (Error Gain setpoint)] + [(Slope) * (Slope Gain setpoint)]
Where: Error = ECWT – Valve Setpoint
Slope = (Present CP) – (Previous CP)
When the Error is > the Valve Deadband setpoint, the valve position analog output (% of full scale) is
updated according to the following equation.
New %Position = Old %Position + Increment/10
Valve Stage, controls from the fan stage setpoint in use. It is recommended that the Valve Setpoint
method explained above be used rather than this mode.
This mode is only operational when the Valve/VFD Control setpoint is set to Valve Stage. In this mode
the valve output is controlled as for Valve Setpoint mode (above), except that the active setpoint for the
controlled parameter is selected according to the following table.
# Of Fans ON
0
1
2
3
4
Active Setpoint
Valve Setpoint
Stage #1 ON
Stage #2 ON
Stage #3 ON
Stage #4 ON
VFD Stage, ValveSP/VFDStage, When the Valve/VFD Control setpoint is set to None, Valve Setpoint,
OR Valve Stage, this output is set to 0. Otherwise, it will be controlled in a manner identical to Valve
Stage Mode (above) except that (1) it shall be kept at zero until the first fan stage is ON, and (2) the
following setpoints do not apply.
Valve Control Range (Min)
Valve Control Range (Max)
Valve Type
Valve Type settings are NC (normally closed to tower) or NO (normally open).
These settings establish the operation of a tower bypass valve (must be a 3-way valve).
Initial Valve Position
When the condenser pump is not in the RUN state, the valve output shall be set as a function of entering
condenser water temperature (ECWT) per the following graph.
68
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
Figure 11, Initial Valve Position
Initial Valve Position
Max Position @
Setpoint
(90°F)
(values are examples only)
Min Position @
Setpoint
(60°F)
Min Start Position
Setpoint (10%)
Max Start Position
Setpoint (90%)
Operation After Start
When the condenser pump is in the RUN state, the valve output shall be controlled in one of two modes
as specified by the Valve/VFD Control setpoint. The controlled parameter shall be the condenser entering
water temperature. When the desired output signal varies from 0 to 100%, the output voltage shall vary
as shown below.
0 to 10 VDC (Valve Type = NC)
10 to 0 VDC (Valve Type = NO)
Water-cooled = Y
SET TOWER SPs (5)
Valve SP = XXX °F
Valve DB = XX.X °F
Valve SP is the minimum tower water temperature acceptable, default is 65°F.
Valve DB is the dead-band in degrees, default is 2.0°F.
Water-cooled = Y
SET TOWER SPs (6)
ValveStartPosition
Min = XXX% @XXX°F
Max = XXX% @XXX°F
The ValveStartposition is the position of the valve when the unit starts. Default for minimum start
position is 0%, and 100% for maximum position.
Water-cooled = Y
SET TOWER SPs (7)
Valve Control Range
Min = XXX%
Max = XXX%
Defaults are 10% minimum and 90% maximum.
Water-cooled = Y
SET TOWER SPs (8)
PD Control Loop
Error Gain = XX
Slope Gain = XX
Defaults are 25 for both error and slope.
OMM 1130-2
69
TEST
The test screens are only available when the unit is in TEST mode. Using these screens, any digital
output can be controlled manually.
R22, R407C
R410A
TEST UNIT
(1)
Alarm Signal =OFF
Evap Pump 1 = OFF
TEST UNIT
(1)
Alarm Signal =OFF
Evap Pump 1 = OFF
Evap Pump 2 = OFF
# of Compressors = 4
# of Compressors = 6
TEST UNIT
(2)
Liq Line Sol #1= OFF
CompressorHG1 = OFF
1= OFF 3= OFF
TEST UNIT
Liq Line Sol #1=
Compressor HG1 =
1= OFF 3= OFF 5=
# of Compressors = 4
# of Compress ors = 6
TEST UNIT
(3)
Liq Line Sol #2=OFF
Compressor HG2 = OFF
2= OFF 4= OFF
TEST UNIT
(3)
Liq Line Sol #2=OFF
Compressor HG2 = OFF
2= OFF 4= OFF 6= OFF
Water Cooled = ON
TEST UNIT
(4)
Cond Pump 1 = OFF
Cond Pump 2 = OFF
TwrFan1=OFF Fan2=OFF
Water Cooled = ON
TEST UNIT
(5)
Twr Bypass= XXX.X %
Twr VFD=
XXX.X %
(1)
OFF
OFF
OFF
Water Cooled = OFF
TEST UNIT
(4)
Fan 1=OFF Fan 3=OFF
Fan 5/7=OFF
Fan 9=OFF
Water Cooled = OFF
TEST UNIT
(5)
Fan 2=OFF Fan 4=OFF
Fan 6/8=OFF
Fan 10=OFF
TEST UNIT
(6)
EXV Cir 1= XXX.X %
EXV Cir 2= XXX.X %
Editing Review
Editing shall be accomplished by pressing the ENTER key until the desired field is selected. This field
shall be indicated by a blinking cursor under it. The arrow keys shall then operate as defined below.
CANCEL (Right) Reset the current field to the value it had when editing began.
DEFAULT (Left)
Set value to original factory setting.
INCREMENT (Up) Increase the value or select the next item in a list.
DECREMENT (Down) Decrease the value or select the previous item in a list.
During edit mode, the display shall show a two-character wide menu pane on the right as shown below.
70
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
SET UNIT SPs (X)
(data)
(data)
(data)
<D
<C
<+
<-
Additional fields can be edited by pressing the ENTER key until the desired field is selected. When the
last field is selected, pressing the ENTER key switches the display out of “edit” mode and returns the
arrow keys to “scroll” mode.
Alarms
When an alarm occurs, the alarm type, limit value (if any), date, and time are stored in the active alarm
buffer corresponding to that alarm (viewed on the Alarm Active screens) and also in the alarm history
buffer (viewed on the Alarm Log screens). The active alarm buffers hold a record of the last occurrence
of each alarm and whether or not it has been cleared. The alarm can be cleared by pressing the Edit key.
A separate buffer is available for each alarm (High Cond Pressure, Evaporator Freeze Protect, etc.). The
alarm history buffer holds a chronological account of the last 25 alarms of any type.
Security
Two four-digit passwords provide OPERATOR and MANAGER levels of access to changeable
parameters. Either password can be entered using the ENTER PASSWORD screen which can be
accessed either through the SET OTHER menu or by simply pressing the ENTER key while on one of the
SET screens. The password can then be entered by pressing the ENTER key, scrolling to the correct
value with the UP and DOWN arrow keys, and pressing ENTER again. Once the correct password has
been entered, the previously selected screen will reappear. Once a password has been entered, it will
remain valid for 15 minutes after the last key-press.
OMM 1130-2
71
BAS Interface
The BAS interface will use the supervisor port on the controller as a connection point.
Protocols Supported
The following building automation system (BAS) protocols are supported. It is possible to change the
building automation interface without loading different software.
BACnet®
When protocol is set to BACnet, the baud rate and ident set points are not accessible. The ident setting is
locked at 1 for BACnet, and the baud rate is locked to 19200.
LONworks®
With protocol set to LON, the baud rate and ident set points are not accessible. The ident setting is locked
at 1 for LON, and the baud rate is locked to 4800.
Modbus®
With the protocol set to Modbus, the baud rate and ident set points are accessible.
Available Parameters
Types: A = Analog, I= Integer, D= Digital
I/O: I = Input only, O = Output only , I/O = Input/Output
Type
Index
I/O
Description
LONWORKS
BACnet
Modbus
A
1
I/O
Network Cool LWT set point
x
x
x
A
2
O
Active LWT set point
x
x
x
A
3
I/O
Network limit set point
x
x
x
A
6
O
Evap LWT
x
x
x
A
7
O
Cond EWT
x
x
x
A
10
O
Unit capacity (%)
x
x
x
A
11
I
Network Cool LWT set point default
x
A
15
O
Suction temp
x
x
x
A
16
O
Evap sat temp
x
x
x
A
17
O
Evap pressure
x
x
x
x
A
20
O
Cond sat temp
x
x
A
21
O
Cond pressure
x
x
x
A
39
O
OAT
x
x
x
A
42
O
Active Capacity Limit
x
x
x
A
50
I/O
Network Ice LWT set point
x
x
x
I
1
O
Active alarms 1
x
x
x
I
2
O
Active alarms 2
x
x
x
I
3
O
Active alarms 3
x
x
x
x
x
x
I
4
O
Active alarms 4
x
I
5
O
Active alarms 5
x
x
I
6
O
Active alarms 6
x
x
x
I
7
O
Active alarms 7
x
x
x
I
8
O
Active alarms 8
x
x
x
I
9
O
Active alarms 9
x
x
x
I
10
O
Active alarms 10
x
x
x
Continued next page.
72
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
Table continued
Type
Index
I/O
Description
LONworks
BACnet
I
11
O
Active alarms 11
x
x
Modbus
x
I
12
O
Active alarms 12
x
x
x
I
13
O
Active alarms 13
x
x
x
I
14
O
Active alarms 14
x
x
x
I
15
O
Active alarms 15
x
x
x
I
16
O
Active alarms 16
x
x
x
I
17
I
Network chiller mode set point
x
x
x
I
18
O
LON Chiller run mode
x
I
19
O
Active chiller mode
x
I
20
I
Network demand limit default set point
x
I
21
I
Network chiller mode default set point
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
I
22
O
Sequence Status
Bit 1 – Unit Full Load Flag
Bit 2 – Circuit One Available Flag
Bit 3 – Circuit Two Available Flag
I
28
O
Unit model type, refrigerant
x
x
I
29
O
Unit language
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
I
30
O
Unit software version
x
I
32
I
Compressor select
x
I
35
I/O
Clock year
x
x
I
36
I/O
Clock month
x
x
I
37
I/O
Clock day of month
x
x
I
38
I/O
Clock day of week
x
x
I
39
I/O
Clock hours
x
x
I
40
I/O
Clock minutes
x
x
I
45
O
Compressor starts
x
x
I
46
O
Compressor run hours
x
x
D
1
I/O
Network chiller enable set point
x
x
x
D
2
O
Chiller enable status
x
x
x
D
3
O
Active alarm indicator
x
x
x
D
4
O
Chiller run enabled
x
x
x
D
5
O
Chiller local control
x
x
x
D
6
O
Chiller capacity limited
x
x
x
D
7
O
Evap flow
x
x
x
D
8
O
Cond flow
x
x
x
D
9
I
Network chiller enable default set point
x
D
10
I
Ignore network defaults
x
D
24
I
Network clear alarm signal
x
x
x
Parameter Details
Units of Measure
Parameters will be expressed in different units dependant on the protocol selected.
Parameter
Type
Temperature
Pressure
Percentage
OMM 1130-2
Modbus
Units
o
F X 10
PSI X 10
BACnet
Units
o
F X 10
PSI X 10
LONworksU
nits
o
C X 100
KPa X 10
% X 10
% X 10
% X 200
73
Chiller Mode
Applies to Integer 17 and Integer 19. Network Chiller Mode Set Point and Active Chiller Mode use the
same numbering scheme to represent ice mode or cool mode. The output representing the mode is shown
below for each protocol.
Mode
LONworks
BACnet
Modbus
Heat
Cool
Ice
1
3
11
3
2
1
3
2
1
Any time the chiller is not in Ice mode, Cool mode will be assumed.
LON Chiller Run Mode
Applies to Integer 18. The LON Chiller Run Mode parameter indicates the unit state as follows:
State
Off
Run
Service
LONworks
BACnet
Modbus
0
2
4
1
3
5
1
3
5
State = Off any time the state is not Run or Service
State = Run when the unit state is Auto
State = Service when the unit is in Test mode
Unit Identification
Integer 28 indicates the unit model type and refrigerant. For the WGZD with R-22, R407c, R410A and
TGZ with R134a, the refrigerant the output is 3.
Integer 29 indicates the unit language. For the WGZD the language can only be English, so output is 1.
Integer 30 indicates the software version and revision. The hundreds digit represents the version, and the
remaining part represents the revision letter.
Compressor Select
Compressor Select is used to select the compressor for which the associated parameters will be sent to the
BAS interface. The input should equal the number of the compressors for which data is desired. If a 0 is
sent from the BAS, this will also select compressor 1.
Timeclock Setting
The chiller time and date may be changed through the BAS interface. Time and date are updated by first
setting the values for the time and date inputs on the BAS. When the BAS sets digital index 12 high, the
time and date in the controller is set to the values supplied by the BAS. The values used are as follows:
Year: Integer # 35 (00 to 99)
Month: Integer # 36 (1 to 12)
Day of Month: Integer # 37 (1 to 31)
Day of Week: Integer # 38 (1 to 7)
Hour: Integer # 39 (0 to 23)
Minute: Integer # 40 (0 to 59)
Network Defaults
The network set point default values are used only for the LONworks protocol. Digital index 10
determines whether the network defaults should be loaded at startup. The startup process is as follows.
Immediately after the controller powers up, the protocol is checked. If the protocol is LONworks, then the
current status of the BAS unit enable set point, digital 1, is stored in a temporary location and the BAS
enabled set point is set to disable. A ten second timer should lapse, then the “ignore network defaults”
74
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
setting is checked. If this is set low, then the defaults for BAS cool set point, network limit, unit enable,
and unit mode will be loaded. If the setting is set high, then no defaults are loaded and the status of the
BAS enable set point is restored to the original value.
Other Digital Output Parameters
Type Index I/O Description
Chiller enable
D
2
O
status
Active alarm
D
3
O
indicator
Chiller run
D
4
O
enabled
Chiller local
D
5
O
control
Chiller capacity
D
6
O
limited
D
7
O Evap flow
D
8
O Cond flow
Details
Set whenever the chiller is enabled by all settings and
switches
Set when any alarm is active. Active events do not set this
output
Set when the unit state is auto
Set when the unit control source is set to keypad or
switches.
Set when a unit capacity limit is active, any circuit is
disabled, or any circuit is limited in capacity.
Set when evap flow switch is closed
Set when cond flow switch is closed and watercooled = yes.
More information on the BAS installation and operation can be found in the following manuals
shipped with the unit and also available on www.DaikinApplied.com:
LonWorks
IM 735-2
Modbus
IM 743-3
BACnet Ethernet or IP IM 837
BACnet (MS/TP)
OMM 1130-2
IM 906
75
Compressor Motor protection Module
The 20, 26, and 30 HP compressors are equipped with an
module that provides protection against:
• High motor temperature
• High scroll temperature
• Phase missing
• Phase reversal
• Low control circuit voltage
The module also has a LED display in the upper righthand corner that gives information on compressor
operation.
The module is accessible by removing the compressor
motor cover. Additional information can be downloaded
by authorized service technicians using special equipment.
NOTE: If a compressor with CoreSense Communications fails in the field, the CoreSense module should
remain with the failed compressor so the manufacturer can download the CoreSense data to assist with
determining the root cause of compressor failure.
!
Warning
Disconnect the compressor three-phase power before removing the terminal box cover. Removal of the
terminal box cover will expose the three-phase power connections. Contact with them can cause serious
injury or death. Servicing should be done by technicians familiar with this equipment.
Warning Codes (Green LED Flash Code)
• Code 1 – Loss of Communication: The module will flash the green Warning LED one time
indicating the module has not communicated with the master controller for longer than 5 minutes.
Once communication is reinitiated, the Warning will be cleared.
•
Code 2 – Reserved For Future Use
•
Code 3 – Short Cycling: The module will fl ash the green Warning LED three times indicating the
compressor has short cycled more than 48 times in 24 hours. A short cycle is defined as
compressor runtime of less than 1 minute. The Warning will be activated when the “Short
Cycling” dipswitch (#10) is "off" or in the "down" position. When fewer than 48 short cycles are
accumulated in 24 hours the Warning code will be cleared.
•
Code 4 – Open/Shorted Scroll Thermistor. The module will flash the green Warning LED four
times indicating the scroll NTC thermistor has a resistance value that indicates an open/shorted
thermistor (see Table 2). The Warning will be cleared when the resistance value is in the normal
range.
Alert/Lockout Codes (Red LED Flash Code)
Code 1 – Motor High Temperature: The module will flash the red Alert LED one time indicating
the motor PTC circuit has exceeded 4.5K Ohms. A code 1 Alert will open the M2-M1 contacts.
The Alert will reset after 30 minutes and the M2-M1 contacts will close if the resistance of the
motor PTC circuit is below 2.75K Ohms. Five consecutive Code 1 Alerts will lockout the
compressor. Once the module has locked out the compressor, a power cycle or Modbus reset
command will be required for the lockout to be cleared.
Code 2 – Open/Shorted Motor Thermistor: The module will flash the red Alert LED two times
indicating the motor PTC thermistor circuit has a resistance value that indicates an open/shorted
thermistor chain (see Table 2). A Code 2 Alert will open the M2-M1 contacts. The Alert will reset
after 30 minutes and the M2-M1 contacts will close if the resistance of the motor PTC circuit is
back in the normal range. The module will lockout the compressor if the trip condition exists for
76
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
longer than 6 hours. Once the module has locked out the compressor, a power cycle or Modbus
reset command will be required to clear the lockout.
Code 3 – Short Cycling: The module will flash the red Alert LED three times indicating the
compressor is locked out due to short cycling. A Code 3 Alert will open the M2-M1 contacts.
Code 3 will be enabled when the "Short Cycling" dipswitch (#10) is "on" or in the "up" position and
the compressor has exceeded the number of short cycles configured by the user in a 24 hour
period. Once the module has locked out the compressor, a power cycle or Modbus reset
command will be required to clear the lockout.
Code 4 – Scroll High Temperature: The module will flash the red Alert LED four times indicating
the scroll NTC circuit is less than 2.4K Ohms. A Code 4 Alert will open the M2-M1 contacts. The
Alert will reset after 30 minutes and the M2-M1 contacts will close if the resistance of the scroll
NTC circuit is higher than 5.1K Ohms. The module will lockout the compressor if the number of
Code 4 Alerts exceeds the user configurable number of Code 4 events within a 24 hour period.
Once the module has locked out the compressor, a power cycle or Modbus reset command will
be required to clear the lockout.
Code 5 – Reserved for Future Use
Code 6 – Missing Phase: The module will flash the red Alert LED six times indicating a missing
phase in one of the three leads to the compressor. A Code 6 Alert will open the M2-M1 contacts.
The Alert will reset after 5 minutes and the M2-M1 contacts will close if the missing phase
condition is not present. The module will lockout the compressor after 10 consecutive Code 6
Alerts. Once the module has locked out the compressor, a power cycle or Modbus reset
command will be required to clear the lockout.
Code 7 – Reverse Phase: The module will fl ash the red Alert LED seven times indicating a
reverse phase in two of the three leads to the compressor. A Code 7 Alert will open the M2-M1
contacts. The module will lockout the compressor after one Code 7 Alert. A power cycle or
Modbus reset command will be required to clear the lockout.
Code 8 – Reserved For Future Use
Code 9 – Module Low Voltage
The module will fl ash the red Alert LED nine times indicating low module voltage (see Table 2)
on the T2-T1 terminals for more than 5 seconds. A Code 9 Alert will open the M2-M1 contacts.
The Alert will reset after 5 minutes and the M2-M1 contacts will close if the T2-T1 voltage is
above the reset value
Resetting Alert Codes
Resetting Alert codes can be accomplished in two different ways. First, Alert codes can be reset
manually by cycling power to the module (disconnect T2 or T1 for 5 seconds). The second way to reset
Alert codes is to send a Modbus reset command from the master controller. If the fault that initiated the
Alert code is absent after one of the above resets is performed, the Alert code will be cleared and
CoreSense will allow normal operation. If the fault is still present after the reset is performed the
fault code will continue to be displayed via the green or red flashing LED.
OMM 1130-2
77
Optional Controls
Phase/Voltage Monitor (Optional)
The phase/voltage monitor is a device that provides protection against three-phase electrical motor loss
due to power failure conditions, phase loss, and phase reversal. Whenever any of these conditions occur,
an input relay is deactivated, disconnecting power to the thermostatic control circuit. The compressor
does a rapid shutdown including a pump down cycle.
The input relay remains deactivated until power line conditions return to an acceptable level. Trip and
reset delays have been provided to prevent nuisance tripping due to rapid power fluctuations.
When three-phase power has been applied, the input relay should close and the “run light” should come
on. If the relay does not close, perform the following tests.
1. Check the voltages between L1-L2, L1-L3, and L2-L3. These voltages should be approximately equal
and within +10% of the rated three-phase line-to-line voltage.
2. If these voltages are extremely low or widely unbalanced, check the power system to determine the
cause of the problem.
3. If the voltages are good, turn off the power and inter-change any two of the supply power leads at the
disconnect switch.
This may be necessary, as the phase/voltage monitor is sensitive to phase reversal. Turn on the power. The
relay should now close after the appropriate delay.
Factory settings are as follows:
Voltage Setting, set at nameplate voltage.
Trip Delay Time, 2 seconds
Restart Delay Time, 60 seconds
Hot Gas Bypass (Optional)
This option allows passage of discharge gas to the evaporator, permitting operation at lower loads than
available with compressor unloading. It also keeps the velocity of refrigerant gas high enough for proper
oil return at light load conditions.
The pressure regulating valve is a Sporlan SHGBE-8 and factory set to begin opening at 69 psig and can
be changed by changing the pressure setting. The adjustment range is 0 to 100 psig. To raise the pressure
setting, remove the cap on the bulb and turn the adjustment screw clockwise. To lower the setting, turn
the screw counterclockwise. Do not force the adjustment beyond the range it is designed for, as this will
damage the adjustment assembly. The regulating valve opening point can be determined by slowly
reducing the system load while observing the suction pressure. When the bypass valve starts to open, the
refrigerant line on the evaporator side of the valve will begin to feel warm to the touch.
!
Warning
The hot gas line can become hot enough to cause personal injury in a very short time; care should be taken
during valve checkout.
78
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
System Maintenance
General
To provide smooth operation at peak capacity and to avoid damage to package components, a program of
periodic inspections should be set up and followed. The following items are intended as a guide to be
used during inspection and must be combined with sound refrigeration and electrical practices to provide
trouble-free performance.
The liquid line sight glass/moisture indicator on all circuits must be checked to be sure that the glass is
full and clear and that the moisture indicator indicates a dry condition. If the indicator shows that a wet
condition exists or if bubbles show in the glass, even with a full refrigerant charge, the filter-drier element
must be changed.
Water supplies in some areas can tend to foul the water-cooled condenser to the point where cleaning is
necessary. The fouled condenser will be indicated by an abnormally high condenser approach temperature
(saturated discharge temperature minus leaving condenser water temperature) and can result in nuisance
trip-outs. To clean the condenser, mechanical cleaning or a chemical descaling solution should be used
according to the manufacturer’s directions.
Remote air-cooled condensers require periodic cleaning of the finned surface of the condenser coil.
Cleaning can be accomplished by using a cold water spray, brushing, vacuuming, or high-pressure air. No
tools should be used that could damage the coil tubes or fins.
The compressor oil level must be checked periodically to be sure that the level is at the center of the oil
sightglass located in the compressor's equalizing line or on the compressor itself. Low oil level can cause
inadequate lubrication and if oil must be added, use oils referred to in the following “Compressor
Lubrication” section.
A pressure tap has been provided on the liquid line downstream of the filter-drier and solenoid valve but
before the expansion valve. An accurate subcooled liquid pressure and temperature can be taken here. The
pressure read here could also provide an indication of excessive pressure drop through the filter-drier and
solenoid valve due to a clogging filter-drier. Note: A normal pressure drop through the solenoid valve is
approximately 3 psig (20.7 kPa) at full load conditions.
!
CAUTION
Warranty may be affected if wiring is not in accordance with specifications. Before replacing
blown fuse or restarting compressor, the trouble must be found and corrected. It is important to
have a qualified control panel electrician service this panel. Unqualified tampering with the
controls can cause serious damage to equipment and void the warranty.
!
DANGER
The panel is always energized to ground even when the system switch is off. To de-energize the
complete panel including crankcase heaters, pull the main unit disconnect. Failure to do so can
result in severe personal injury or death.
Electrical Terminals
!
WARNING
To avoid injury from electric shock hazard, turn off all power and perform lockout and tag-out of
source before continuing with the following service. Note that the unit might be powered from
multiple sources.
All power electrical terminals should be re-tightened every six months, as they tend to loosen due to
normal heating and cooling of the wire.
OMM 1130-2
79
POE Lubrication
POE type oil is used for compressor lubrication. This type of oil is extremely hygroscopic, which means
it will quickly absorb moisture if exposed to air and may form acids that can be harmful to the chiller.
Avoid prolonged exposure of POE oil to the atmosphere to prevent this problem. For more details on
acceptable oil types, contact your Daikin Applied service representative.
!
CAUTION
POE oil must be handled carefully using proper protective equipment (gloves, eye protection, etc.) The oil
must not come in contact with certain polymers (e.g. PVC), as it may absorb moisture from this material. Also,
do not use oil or refrigerant additives in the system.
It is important that only the manufacturer's recommended oils be used. Acceptable POE oil types are:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
CPI/Lubrizol Emkarate RL32-3 MAF
Exxon/Mobil EAL Arctic 22 CC*
Hatcol 22CC*
Everest 22CC*
Copeland Ultra 32-3 MAF
Parker Emkarate RL32-3MAF
Virginia LE323MAF
Nu Calgon 4314-66
Note - * These types of oils can only be used as "Top Off" oils. This is defined as adding less than 50%
of the total amount of oil in the unit.
Sightglass and Moisture Indicator
The refrigerant sight glasses should be observed periodically. A monthly observation should be
adequate. A clear glass of liquid indicates that there is adequate refrigerant charge in the system to
provide proper feed through the expansion valve. The sight glass should be clear when:
•
Ambient temperature is above 75°F (23°C)
•
Both compressors on a circuit are running
•
All fans on a circuit are running
Bubbling refrigerant in the sight glass may occur at other conditions and may indicate that the system
is short of refrigerant charge. Refrigerant gas flashing in the sight glass could also indicate an
excessive pressure drop in the line, possibly due to a clogged filter-drier or a restriction elsewhere in
the system. An element inside the sight glass indicates what moisture condition corresponds to a given
element color. If the sight glass does not indicate a dry condition after about 12 hours of operation, the
unit should be pumped down and the filter-driers changed.
If the system is suspected of being short of refrigerant, a qualified service technician with EPA
certification should be contacted to thoroughly check out the unit and add refrigerant if necessary.
Crankcase Heaters
The compressors are equipped with crankcase heaters. The function of the heater is to keep the
temperature in the crankcase high enough to prevent refrigerant from migrating to the crankcase and
condensing in the oil during off-cycle. When a system is to be started up initially, the power to the
heaters should be turned on for at least 12 hours before the compressors are started. The crankcase
should be up to about 80°F (26.7°C) before the system is started up, to minimize lubrication problems
or liquid slugging of compressor on start-up.
If the crankcase is cool (below 80°F) (26.7°C) and the oil level in the sight glass is full to top, allow
more time for oil to warm before starting the compressor. The crankcase heaters are on whenever
power is supplied to the unit and the compressor is not running.
80
WGZ030D through WGZ200D
OMM 1130-2
Maintenance Schedule
I. Compressor
A. Performance Evaluation (Log & Analysis) *
B. Motor
• Meg. Windings
• Ampere Balance (within 10%)
• Terminal Check (tight connections, porcelain clean)
• Motor Cooling (check temperature)
C. Lubrication System
• Oil Level
• Oil Appearance (clear color, quantity)
• Oil change if indicated by oil analysis
II. Controls
A. Operating Controls
• Check Settings and Operation
B. Protective Controls
• Test Operation of:
Alarm Relay
Pump Interlocks
High and Low Pressure Cutouts
III. Condenser
B. Test Water Quality
C. Clean Condenser Tubes (or as required)
D. Eddycurrent Test - Tube Wall Thickness
E. Seasonal Protection
IV. Evaporator
B. Test Water Quality
C. Clean Evaporator Tubes (or as required)
D. Eddycurrent Test - Tube Wall thickness (or as required)
E. Seasonal Protection
V. Expansion Valves
A. Performance Evaluation (Superheat Control)
VI. Compressor - Chiller Unit
A. Performance Evaluation
B. Leak Test:
• Compressor Fittings and Terminal
• Piping Fittings
• Vessel Relief Valves
C. Vibration Isolation Test
D. General Appearance:
• Paint
• Insulation
VII. Starter(s)
A. Examine Contactors (hardware and operation)
B. Verify Overload Setting and Trip
C. Test Electrical Connections
VIII. Optional Controls
A. Hot Gas Bypass (verify operation)
Key: O = Performed by in-house personnel
OM 1130-2
O
X
X
X
X
O
O
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
O
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X = Performed by service personnel
81
System Service
!
DANGER
Service on this equipment is to be performed only by qualified refrigeration personnel. Causes
for repeated tripping of equipment protection controls must be investigated and corrected.
Disconnect all power before doing any service inside the unit or serious personal injury or death
can occur.
NOTE: Anyone servicing this equipment must comply with the requirements set forth
by the EPA concerning refrigerant reclamation and venting.
Filter-Driers
To change the filter-drier, pump the unit down (with the compressor running) by closing the
manual liquid line shutoff valve(s). The unit will start pumping down until it reaches the lowpressure cutoff setting of 58 psi.
Close the discharge valve. Remove the refrigerant in the liquid line with a recovery unit to EPA
required pressure. Remove and replace the filter-drier(s). Evacuate the lines through the liquid
line manual shutoff valve(s) to remove noncondensables that may have entered during filter
replacement. A leak check is recommended before returning the unit to operation.
Liquid Line Solenoid Valve
The liquid line solenoid valve(s), which are responsible for automatic pumpdown during
normal unit operation, do not normally require any maintenance. However, in the event of
failure they can require replacement of the solenoid coil or of the entire valve assembly.
The solenoid coil can be removed from the valve body without opening the refrigerant piping
by moving pumpdown switch(es) PS1 and PS2 to the “manual” position.
The coil can then be removed from the valve body by simply removing a nut or snap-ring
located at the top of the coil. The coil can then be slipped off its mounting stud for
replacement. Be sure to replace the coil on its mounting stud before returning pumpdown
switch(es) PS1 and PS2 to the “auto pumpdown” position.
To replace the entire solenoid valve, follow the steps for changing a filter-drier.
Thermostatic Expansion Valve
The expansion valve is responsible for allowing the proper amount of refrigerant to enter the
evaporator regardless of cooling load. It does this by maintaining a constant superheat.
(Superheat is the difference between refrigerant temperature as it leaves the evaporator and the
saturation temperature corresponding to the evaporator pressure). All WGZ chillers are factory
set for between 8°F and 12°F (4.4°C to 6.7°C) superheat at full load.
To increase the superheat setting of the valve, remove the cap at the bottom of the valve to
expose the adjustment screw. Turn the screw clockwise (when viewed from the adjustment
screw end) to increase the superheat and counterclockwise to reduce superheat. Allow time for
system rebalance after each superheat adjustment.
The expansion valve, like the solenoid valve, should not normally require replacement, but if it
does, the unit must be pumped down by following the steps involved when changing a filterdrier.
If the problem can be traced to the power element only, it can be unscrewed from the valve
body without removing the valve, but only after pumping the unit down.
82
OM 1130-2
Table 8, Thermostatic Expansion Valve
!
CAUTION
Adjustment of expansion valve should only be performed by a qualified
service technician. Failure to do so can result in improper unit operation.
Note: Superheat will vary with compressor unloading, but should be approximately as follows:
between 8°F and 12°F (4.4°C and 6.7°C) at full load; between 6°F and 10°F at part load.
Water-cooled Condenser
The condenser is of the shell-and-tube type with water flowing through the tubes and refrigerant
in the shell. External finned copper tubes are rolled into steel tube sheets and to the center
dividing tube sheet. Integral subcoolers are incorporated on all units. All condensers are equipped
with 500 psig (3104 kPa) relief valves. Normal tube cleaning procedures can be followed.
Evaporator
The evaporator is a sealed, brazed-stainless steel plate unit. Normally no service work is required
on the evaporator.
OM 1130-2
83
Troubleshooting Chart
PROBLEM
1.
2.
3.
Compressor Will
Not Run
Compressor
Noisy or Vibrating
High Discharge
Pressure
POSSIBLE CAUSES
Main switch, circuit breakers open.
Fuse blown.
Thermal overloads tripped or fuses
blown.
Defective contactor or coil.
System shut down by equipment
protection devices.
3.
6.
7.
8.
No cooling required.
Liquid line solenoid will not open.
Motor electrical trouble.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Loose wiring.
9.
1.
Flooding of refrigerant into crankcase.
5.
Improper piping support on suction or
liquid line.
3. Worn compressor.
15. Condenser water insufficient or
temperature too high.
6.
4.
5.
2.
16. Fouled condenser tubes (water-cooled
condenser). Clogged spray nozzles
(evaporative condenser). Dirty tube and
fin surface (air cooled condenser).
17. Noncondensables in system.
18. System overcharge with refrigerant.
19. Discharge shutoff valve partially closed.
20. Condenser undersized (air-cooled).
21. High ambient conditions.
Low Discharge
Pressure
High Suction
Pressure
Low Suction
Pressure
1.
2.
4.
5.
7. Replace.
17. Readjust temperature control or water
regulating valve. Investigate ways to
increase water supply.
18. Clean.
19.
20.
21.
22.
EPA purge the noncondensables.
Remove excess refrigerant.
Open valve.
Check condenser rating tables against
the operation.
23. Check condenser rating tables against
the operation.
1. Check condenser control operation.
2. Check for leaks. Repair and add charge.
3. See corrective steps for low suction
pressure below.
4. Check condenser rating table against the
operation.
5. Check condenser rating tables against
the operation.
1. Reduce load or add additional
equipment.
2. Check remote bulb. Regulate superheat.
1. Check for leaks. Repair and add charge.
2. Clean chemically.
3. Replace cartridge(s).
4. Clean strainers.
1.
2.
3.
Faulty condenser temp. regulation.
Insufficient refrigerant in system.
Low suction pressure.
4.
Condenser too large.
5.
Low ambient conditions.
1.
Excessive load.
2.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Expansion valve overfeeding.
Lack of refrigerant.
Evaporator dirty.
Clogged liquid line filter-drier.
Clogged suction line or compressor
suction gas strainers.
Expansion valve malfunctioning.
6.
Condensing temperature too low.
6.
7.
Compressor will not unload.
7.
8.
1.
2.
Insufficient water flow.
Clogged suction oil strainer.
Excessive liquid in crankcase.
8.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Low oil level.
Flooding of refrigerant into crankcase.
3.
4.
5.
Little or No Oil
Pressure
84
POSSIBLE CORRECTIVE STEPS
Close switch
Check electrical circuits and motor
winding for shorts or grounds.
Investigate for possible overloading.
Replace fuse or reset breakers after fault
is corrected.
Overloads are auto reset. Check unit
closely when unit comes back on line.
Repair or replace.
Determine type and cause of shutdown
and correct it before resetting protection
switch.
None. Wait until unit calls for cooling.
Repair or replace coil.
Check motor for opens, short circuit, or
burnout.
Check all wire junctions. Tighten all
terminal screws.
Check superheat setting of expansion
valve.
Relocate, add or remove hangers.
Check and reset for proper superheat.
Replace if necessary.
Check means for regulating condensing
temperature.
See corrective steps for failure of
compressor to unload.
Adjust flow.
Clean.
Check crankcase heater. Reset
expansion valve for higher superheat.
Check liquid line solenoid valve
operation.
Add oil.
Adjust thermal expansion valve.
OM 1130-2
PROBLEM
8.
Compressor
Loses Oil
Motor Overload
Relays or Circuit
Breakers Open
Compressor
Thermal Switch
Open
Freeze Protection
Opens
OM 1130-2
POSSIBLE CAUSES
Lack of refrigerant.
1.
9. Velocity in risers too low (A-C only).
10. Oil trapped in line.
2.
3.
1.
Low voltage during high load conditions.
1.
2.
Defective or grounded wiring in motor or
power circuits.
Loose power wiring.
High condensing temperature.
2.
5.
Power line fault causing unbalanced
voltage.
5.
6.
6.
1.
High ambient temperature around the
overload relay
Operating beyond design conditions.
2.
1.
2.
3.
Discharge valve partially shut.
Thermostat set too low.
Low water flow.
Low suction pressure.
5.
3.
4.
5.
3.
4.
3.
4.
4.
POSSIBLE CORRECTIVE STEPS
Check for leaks and repair. Add
refrigerant.
Check riser sizes.
Check pitch of lines and refrigerant
velocities.
Check supply voltage for excessive line
drop.
Replace compressor-motor.
Check all connections and tighten.
See corrective steps for high discharge
pressure.
Check Supply voltage. Notify power
company. Do not start until fault is
corrected.
Provide ventilation to reduce heat.
Add facilities so that conditions are within
allowable limits.
Open valve.
Reset to 42°F (6°C) or above.
Adjust flow.
See “Low Suction Pressure.”
85
Daikin Applied Training and Development
Now that you have made an investment in modern, efficient Daikin Applied equipment, its care should
be a high priority. For training information on all Daikin Applied HVAC products, please visit us at
www.DaikinApplied.com and click on training, or call 540-248-9646 and ask for the Training
Department.
Warranty
All Daikin Applied equipment is sold pursuant to Daikin Applied standard terms and conditions of sale,
including Limited Product Warranty. Consult your local Daikin Applied representative for warranty details.
To find your local Daikin Applied representative, go to www.DaikinApplied.com.
This document contains the most current product information as of this printing. For the most up-to-date
product information, please go to www.DaikinApplied.com.
© 2014 Daikin Applied • (800) 432-1342 • www.DaikinApplied.com
OMM 1130-2 (03/14)
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