Bolens | 1026 | Operator`s manual | Bolens 1026 Operator`s manual

Operator’s Manual
22” Rotary Mowers
Model 506
IMPORTANT: READ SAFETY RULES AND INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY
Warning: This unit is equipped with an internal combustion engine and should not be used on or near any unimproved forestcovered, brush-covered or grass-covered land unless the engine’s exhaust system is equipped with a spark arrester meeting
applicable local or state laws (if any). If a spark arrester is used, it should be maintained in effective working order by the operator.
In the State of California the above is required by law (Section 4442 of the California Public Resources Code). Other states may have
similar laws. Federal laws apply on federal lands. A spark arrester for the muffler is available through your nearest engine authorized
service dealer or contact the service department, P.O. Box 361131 Cleveland, Ohio 44136-0019.
TROY-BILT LLC, P.O. BOX 361131 CLEVELAND, OHIO 44136-0019
PRINTED IN U.S.A.
FORM NO. 769-00522.fm
(10/2002)
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Content
Page
Important Safe Operation Practices .................................................................. 3
Slope Gauge ..................................................................................................... 6
Assembling Your Lawn Mower .......................................................................... 7
Know Your Lawn Mower.................................................................................... 10
Operating Your Lawn Mower ............................................................................. 11
Making Adjustments .......................................................................................... 12
Maintaining Your Lawn Mower .......................................................................... 13
Troubleshooting ................................................................................................ 16
Parts List ........................................................................................................... 18
FINDING MODEL NUMBER
This Operator’s Manual is an important part of your new lawn mower. It will help you assemble, prepare and
maintain the unit for best performance. Please read and understand what it says.
Before you start assembling your new equipment, please locate the model plate on the
equipment and copy the information from it in the space provided below. The information on the
model plate is very important if you need help from our Customer Support Department or an
authorized dealer.
•
You can locate the model number by looking down at the rear of the deck. A sample model plate is explained
below. For future reference, please copy the model number and the serial number of the equipment in the
space below.
Copy the model number here:
Copy the serial number here:
ENGINE INFORMATION
The engine manufacturer is responsible for all engine-related issues with regards to performance, power-rating,
specifications, warranty and service. Please refer to the engine manufacturer’s Owner’s/Operator’s Manual packed
separately with your unit for more information.
CALLING CUSTOMER SUPPORT
If you have difficulty assembling this product or have any questions regarding the controls, operation or
maintenance of this unit, please call the Customer Support Department.
Call 1-866-840-6483 or 1-330-558-7220 to reach a Customer Support representative. Please have
your unit’s model number and serial number ready when you call. See previous section to locate this
information. You will be asked to enter the serial number in order to process your call.
For more details about your unit, visit our website at www.bolens.com
2
SECTION 1: IMPORTANT SAFE OPERATION PRACTICES
WARNING: This symbol points out important safety instructions which, if not followed, could
endanger the personal safety and/or property of yourself and others. Read and follow all instructions in
this manual before attempting to operate this machine. Failure to comply with these instructions may
result in personal injury. When you see this symbol - heed its warning.
WARNING: Engine Exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain vehicle
components contain or emit chemicals known to State of California to cause cancer
and birth defects or other reproductive harm.
DANGER: This machine was built to be operated according to the rules for safe operation in this
manual. As with any type of power equipment, carelessness or error on the part of the operator can
result in serious injury. This machine is capable of amputating hands and feet and throwing objects.
Failure to observe the following safety instructions could result in serious injury or death.
General Operation
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Read this operator’s manual carefully in its entirety
before attempting to assemble this machine. Read,
understand, and follow all instructions on the machine
and in the manual(s) before operation. Be completely
familiar with the controls and the proper use of this
machine before operating it. Keep this manual in a safe
place for future and regular reference and for ordering
replacement parts.
This machine is a precision piece of power equipment,
not a plaything. Therefore, exercise extreme caution at all
times. Your unit has been designed to perform one job: to
mow grass. Do not use it for any other purpose.
Never allow children under 14 years old to operate this
machine. Children 14 years old and over should read and
understand the operation instructions and safety rules in
this manual and should be trained and supervised by a
parent. Only responsible individuals who are familiar with
these rules of safe operation should be allowed to use
this machine.
Thoroughly inspect the area where the equipment is to
be used. Remove all stones, sticks, wire, bones, toys and
other foreign objects which could be tripped over or
picked up and thrown by the blade. Thrown objects can
cause serious personal injury. Plan your mowing pattern
to avoid discharge of material toward roads, sidewalks,
bystanders and the like. Also, avoid discharging material
against a wall or obstruction which may cause
discharged material to ricochet back toward the operator.
To help avoid blade contact or a thrown object injury, stay
in the operator zone behind the handles and keep
children, bystanders, helpers and pets at least 75 feet
from the mower while it is in operation. Stop machine if
anyone enters the area.
Always wear safety glasses or safety goggles during
operation and while performing an adjustment or repair to
protect your eyes. Thrown objects which ricochet can
cause serious injury to the eyes.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
3
Wear sturdy, rough-soled work shoes and close-fitting
slacks and shirts. Shirts and pants that cover the arms
and legs and steel-toed shoes are recommended. Never
operate this machine in bare feet, sandals, slippery or
light weight (e.g. canvas) shoes.
Do not put hands or feet near rotating parts or under the
cutting deck. Contact with the blade can amputate hands
and feet.
A missing or damaged discharge cover can cause blade
contact or thrown object injuries.
Many injuries occur as a result of the mower being pulled
over the foot during a fall caused by slipping or tripping.
Do not hold on to the mower if you are falling; release the
handle immediately.
Never pull the mower back toward you while you are
walking. If you must back the mower away from a wall or
obstruction first look down and behind to avoid tripping
and then follow these steps:
a. Step back from the mower to fully extend your
arms.
b. Be sure you are well balanced with sure footing.
c. Pull the mower back slowly, no more than half way
toward you.
d. Repeat these steps as needed.
Do not operate the mower while under the influence of
alcohol or drugs.
Do not engage the self-propelled mechanism on units so
equipped while starting engine.
The blade control handle is a safety device. Never
attempt to bypass its operation. Doing so makes the
safety device inoperative and may result in personal
injury through contact with the rotating blade. The blade
control handle must operate easily in both directions and
automatically return to the disengaged position when
released.
Never operate the mower in wet grass. Always be sure of
your footing. A slip and fall can cause serious personal
injury. If you feel you are losing your footing, release the
blade control handle immediately and the blade will stop
rotating within three seconds.
Mow only in daylight or in good artificial light. Walk, never
run.
1.
17. Stop the blade when crossing gravel drives, walks or
roads.
18. If the equipment should start to vibrate abnormally, stop
the engine and check immediately for the cause.
Vibration is generally a warning of trouble.
19. Shut the engine off and wait until the blade comes to a
complete stop before removing the grass catcher or
unclogging the chute. The cutting blade continues to
rotate for a few seconds after the engine is shut off.
Never place any part of the body in the blade area until
you are sure the blade has stopped rotating.
20. Never operate mower without proper trail shield,
discharge cover, grass catcher, blade control handle or
other safety protective devices in place and working.
Never operate mower with damaged safety devices.
Failure to do so, can result in personal injury.
21. Muffler and engine become hot and can cause a burn. Do
not touch.
22. Only use parts and accessories made for this machine by
the manufacturer. Failure to do so, can result in personal
injury.
23. If situations occur which are not covered in this manual,
use care and good judgment. Contact your dealer for
assistance. Telephone 1-800-800-7310 for the name of
your nearest dealer.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Service
Safe Handling Of Gasoline:
1.
Slope Operation
2.
3.
4.
Slopes are a major factor related to slip and fall accidents
which can result in severe injury. Operation on slopes
requires extra caution. If you feel uneasy on a slope, do not
mow it. For your safety, use the slope gauge included as part
of this manual to measure slopes before operating this unit on
a sloped or hilly area. If the slope is greater than 15 degrees,
do not mow it.
5.
Do:
1.
2.
3.
6.
Mow across the face of slopes; never up and down.
Exercise extreme caution when changing direction on
slopes.
Watch for holes, ruts, rocks, hidden objects, or bumps
which can cause you to slip or trip. Tall grass can hide
obstacles.
Always be sure of your footing. A slip and fall can cause
serious personal injury. If you feel you are losing your
balance, release the blade control handle immediately,
and the blade will stop rotating within 3 seconds.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Do Not:
1.
2.
3.
Keep children out of the mowing area and under the
watchful care of a responsible adult other than the
operator.
Be alert and turn mower off if a child enters the area.
Before and while moving backwards, look behind and
down for small children.
Use extreme care when approaching blind corners,
doorways, shrubs, trees, or other objects that may
obscure your vision of a child who may run into the
mower.
Keep children away from hot or running engines. They
can suffer burns from a hot muffler.
Never allow children under 14 years old to operate a
power mower. Children 14 years old and over should
read and understand the operation instructions and
safety rules in this manual and should be trained and
supervised by a parent.
Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches or embankments,
you could lose your footing or balance.
Do not mow slopes greater than 15 degrees as shown on
the slope gauge.
Do not mow on wet grass. Unstable footing could cause
slipping.
11.
12.
13.
Children
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert to the
presence of children. Children are often attracted to the
mower and the mowing activity. They do not understand the
dangers. Never assume that children will remain where you
last saw them.
14.
15.
4
To avoid personal injury or property damage use extreme
care in handling gasoline. Gasoline is extremely
flammable and the vapors are explosive. Serious
personal injury can occur when gasoline is spilled on
yourself or your clothes which can ignite.
Wash your skin and change clothes immediately.
Use only an approved gasoline container.
Never fill containers inside a vehicle or on a truck or
trailer bed with a plastic liner. Always place containers on
the ground away from your vehicle before filling.
When practical, remove gas-powered equipment from
the truck or trailer and refuel it on the ground. If this is not
possible, then refuel such equipment on a trailer with a
portable container, rather than from a gasoline dispenser
nozzle.
Keep the nozzle in contact with the rim of the fuel tank or
container opening at all times until fueling is complete. Do
not use a nozzle lock-open device.
Extinguish all cigarettes, cigars, pipes and other sources
of ignition.
Never fuel machine indoors because flammable vapors
will accumulate in the area.
Never remove gas cap or add fuel while the engine is hot
or running. Allow engine to cool at least two minutes
before refueling.
Never over fill fuel tank. Fill tank to no more than ½ inch
below bottom of filler neck to provide space for fuel
expansion.
Replace gasoline cap and tighten securely.
If gasoline is spilled, wipe it off the engine and
equipment. Move unit to another area. Wait 5 minutes
before starting the engine.
Never store the machine or fuel container inside where
there is an open flame, spark or pilot light as on a water
heater, space heater, furnace ,clothes dryer or other gas
appliances.
To reduce fire hazard, keep mower free of grass, leaves,
or other debris build-up. Clean up oil or fuel spillage and
remove any fuel soaked debris.
Allow a mower to cool at least 5 minutes before storing.
General Service:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
After striking a foreign object, stop the engine, disconnect
the spark plug wire and ground against the engine.
Thoroughly inspect the mower for any damage. Repair
the damage before starting and operating the mower.
8. Never attempt to make a wheel or cutting height
adjustment while the engine is running.
9. Grass catcher components, discharge cover, and trail
shield are subject to wear and damage which could
expose moving parts or allow objects to be thrown. For
safety protection, frequently check components and
replace immediately with original equipment
manufacturer’s (O.E.M.) parts only, listed in this manual.
“Use of parts which do not meet the original equipment
specifications may lead to improper performance and
compromise safety!”
10. Do not change the engine governor setting or overspeed
the engine. The governor controls the maximum safe
operating speed of the engine.
11. Maintain or replace safety and instruction labels, as
necessary.
12. Observe proper disposal laws and regulations. Improper
disposal of fluids and materials can harm the
environment.
Never run an engine indoors or in a poorly ventilated
area. Engine exhaust contains carbon monoxide, an
odorless and deadly gas.
Before cleaning, repairing, or inspecting, make certain
the blade and all moving parts have stopped. Disconnect
the spark plug wire and ground against the engine to
prevent unintended starting.
Check the blade and engine mounting bolts at frequent
intervals for proper tightness. Also, visually inspect blade
for damage (e.g., bent, cracked, worn) Replace blade
with the original equipment manufacture’s (O.E.M.) blade
only, listed in this manual. “Use of parts which do not
meet the original equipment specifications may lead to
improper performance and compromise safety!”
Mower blades are sharp and can cut. Wrap the blade or
wear gloves, and use extra caution when servicing them.
Keep all nuts, bolts, and screws tight to be sure the
equipment is in safe working condition.
Never tamper with safety devices. Check their proper
operation regularly.
WARNING - YOUR RESPONSIBILITY: Restrict the use of this power machine to persons who read,
understand and follow the warnings and instructions in this manual and on the machine.
NOTE: Not all safety labels shown may apply to your lawn mower.
5
SECTION 2: SLOPE GAUGE
Use this page as a guide to determine slopes where you may not operate safely. Do not operate your lawn mower
on such slopes.
FOL
D
ON
D OT
TED
L
IN E
15°
SEN
TIN
GA
15
° SL
OPE
OR A FENCE POST
A CORNER OF A BUILDING
A POWER POLE
SIGHT AND HOLD THIS LEVEL WITH A VERTICAL TREE
, RE
P RE
WARNING
Do not mow on inclines with a slope in excess of 15 degrees (a rise of approximately 2-1/2 feet every 10 feet). A riding mower could
overturn and cause serious injury. If operating a walk-behind mower on such a slope, it is extremely difficult to maintain your footing
and you could slip, resulting in serious injury.
Operate RIDING mowers up and down slopes, never across the face of slopes.
Operate WALK-BEHIND mowers across the face of slopes, never up and down slopes.
6
SECTION 3: ASSEMBLING YOUR LAWN MOWER
IMPORTANT: This unit is shipped without gasoline or oil
•
in the engine. Be certain to service engine with gasoline
and oil as instructed in the separate engine manual
before operating your mower.
•
NOTE: Reference to right or left hand side of the mower
is observed from the operating position.
NOTE: Your mower is shipped with the handle in the
higher position. If you wish to lower the height of the
handle, refer to the Adjustment Section.
Removing Unit From Carton
•
•
•
•
To secure the upper and lower handle, tighten the
wing nuts near the top of lower handle (carriage
bolts must be seated properly into the handle).
Tighten the wing nuts at the end of the lower handle
to secure the handle to handle bracket assemblies.
See Figure 2.
Remove staples, break glue on top flaps, or cut
tape at carton end and peel along top flap to open
carton.
Remove loose parts if included with unit (i.e.,
operator’s manual, etc.)
Cut along corners, lay carton down flat, and remove
packing material.
Roll or slide unit out of carton and check carton
thoroughly for loose parts.
Lower
Handle
Wing
Nuts
Hardware Pack
Handle
Bracket
Assemblies
This lawn mower is shipped with the following loose
parts in the hardware pack for attaching the wheels:
Rear Wheels
•
•
Figure 2
Two lock nuts 3/8-16
Two spring washers
•
Front Wheels
•
Two lock nuts 3/8-16
Fasten the cable to the lower handle with the cable
tie found on the lower handle. Pull the cable tie tight
and trim off the excess. See Figure 3.
Cable Tie
Disconnecting Spark Plug Wire
Before setting up your lawn mower, disconnect the
spark plug wire from the spark plug and ground against
the engine. See Figure 1.
Lower
Handle
Bolt
Figure 3
Spark Plug
Wire
•
If not already, move rope guide to the first hole
above the lower handle on right side. The wing nut
loosens and secures the rope guide to handle.
See Figure 4.
Upper Handle
Starter
Rope
Spark
Plug Wire
Wing Nut
Spark Plug
Rope
Guide
Figure 1
Setting Up Your Lawn Mower
•
Lower
Handle
Lift up and pull back on the upper handle to raise
the handle into the operating position. Make certain
the lower handle is seated securely into the handle
bracket assemblies.
Figure 4
7
•
Installing Rear Wheels
With the spark plug wire disconnected and
grounded, hold the blade control handle against the
upper handle, and pull the starter rope out of the
engine. Release the blade control handle. Slip the
starter rope into the rope guide. Tighten the wing
nut.
•
•
•
Installing Front Wheels
•
•
•
•
•
Place the front of the mower deck on raised blocks.
Slide wheel onto pivot arm assembly and secure
with lock nut. See Figure 5.
Assemble the other side in the same manner.
If your mower is equipped with hub caps, place hub
caps in position against the inner hub of wheel.
Press firmly around the center portion of the hub
cap in a circular motion. The hub caps are flexible
and they will snap over the wheel hubs.
Place the rear of the mower deck on raised blocks.
Place spring washer (cupped side toward handle
bracket assembly) on the axle that extends from the
pivot arm assembly. See Figure 6.
Slide wheel, with hollow side in, onto axle and
secure with lock nut.
Assemble the other side in the same manner.
Spring
Washer
Lock
Nut
Figure 6
Lock Nut
Pivot Arm
Assembly
Figure 5
8
Removing Chute Retainer
NOTE: Install bottom lip inside chute opening
(indicated by 1 in the figure below) before placing hooks
over the hinge pin (indicated by 2 in the figure below).
The chute deflector on your mower is held in an upright
position by a retainer for shipping purposes only.
Remove the retainer, following steps below, before
running the mower for the first time.
•
•
Hinge
Pin
Push the chute deflector up and towards the
engine. Holding the deflector in this position,
remove the retainer. See Figure 7.
Lower the chute deflector carefully to its operating
position keeping your fingers out of the way.
Chute
Deflector
Hooks
Raise Chute
Deflector
Remove
Retainer
Mulching
Baffle
2
Figure 7
WARNING: The chute retainer must be
removed and discarded before operating
the mower.
1
Chute
Opening
Installing Mulching Baffle
If your mower is equipped with the optional mulching
baffle, install it on the right side of the deck following
these instructions. Make sure to follow the correct
sequence as indicated here.
•
•
•
•
Lip of Mulching Baffle
(install inside chute opening)
Lift up and hold the side-discharge chute deflector.
Insert bottom lip of the mulching baffle inside the
chute opening. See Figure 8.
Snap hooks of the mulching baffle over the hinge
pin of the chute deflector. See Figure 8. The hooks
must snap into place on the hinge pin, locking the
mulching baffle firmly onto the mower. For a closeup of the hinge pin location, see Figure 8 inset.
Release the chute deflector.
Figure 8
IMPORTANT: This unit is shipped without gasoline or oil
in the engine. Be certain to service engine with gasoline
and oil as instructed in the separate engine manual
before operating your mower.
9
SECTION 4: KNOW YOUR LAWN MOWER
Read this operator’s manual and safety rules before
operating your lawn mower. Compare the illustration in
Figure 9 with your lawn mower to familiarize yourself
with the location of various controls and adjustments.
Save this manual for future reference.
Blade Control
Handle
WARNING: The operation of any lawn
mower can result in foreign objects being
thrown into the eyes, which can damage
your eyes severely. Always wear safety
glasses while operating the mower, or
while performing any adjustments or
repairs on it.
Mulching
Plug
Recoil
Starter
Cutting Height
Adjustment
Lever
Recoil Starter
The recoil starter is attached to the right lower handle.
Stand behind the unit and pull the recoil starter to start
the unit. See Figure 9.
Blade Control Handle
Discharge
Chute
The blade control handle is located on the upper handle
of the mower. The blade control handle must be
depressed in order to operate the unit. Release blade
control handle to stop engine and blade.
Figure 9
Stopping Engine
WARNING: This blade control mechanism
is a safety device. Never attempt to bypass
its operations.
•
•
Cutting Height Adjustment Lever
Release blade control handle to stop the engine
and the blade.
Disconnect spark plug wire and ground it to a bolt
on the engine.
WARNING: Before using your lawn mower,
again refer to the Safety Section in this
manual. Always be careful.
These levers are located on each wheel and they are
used to adjust the cutting height. All four levers have to
be at the same relative position to ensure an uniform
cut. See Figure 9.
Engine Controls
See the separate engine manual for the location and
function of the controls on the engine.
10
SECTION 5: OPERATING YOUR LAWN MOWER
WARNING: Keep hands and feet away from
chute area on the cutting deck. The
operation of any lawn mower can result in
foreign objects being thrown into the eyes,
which can result in severe eye damage.
Always wear safety glasses or eye shields.
For a healthier lawn, never cut off more than one-third
of the total length of the grass. Your lawn should be cut
in the fall as long as there is growth. This mower is
designed to be operated at full throttle to give you the
best cut and do the most effective job of mowing or
mulching.
WARNING: If you strike a foreign object,
stop the engine. Remove wire from the
spark plug, thoroughly inspect the mower
for any damage, and repair the damage
before restarting and operating the
mower. Extensive vibration of the mower
during operation is an indication of
damage. The unit should be promptly
inspected and repaired.
Gas and Oil Fill-Up
Service the engine with gasoline and oil as instructed in
the separate engine manual packed with your mower.
Read instructions carefully.
WARNING: Never fill fuel tank indoors with
engine running or until the engine has
been allowed to cool for at least two
minutes after running.
Mulching
Starting Engine
•
•
•
•
•
For effective mulching, do not cut wet grass because it
tends to stick to the underside of the deck, preventing
proper mulching of grass clippings. New or thick grass
may require a narrower cut. The ground speed should
be adjusted to the condition of the lawn. If mowing has
been delayed and the grass has been allowed to grow
in excess of 4”, mulching is not recommended. Mow
using the side discharge to reduce the grass height to
Attach spark plug wire to spark plug. Make certain
the metal cap on the end of the spark plug is
fastened securely over the metal tip on the spark
plug.
Prime engine as instructed in the separate engine
manual packed with your unit.
Your lawn mower may be equipped with a constant
speed throttle, which is set at full throttle for best
performance.
Stand behind the mower and squeeze the blade
control handle against the upper handle.
Grasp recoil starter handle and pull rope out slowly
until engine reaches the start of compression cycle
(rope will pull slightly harder at this point). Let the
rope rewind slowly. Pull rope with a rapid,
continuous, full arm stroke. Keeping a firm grip on
the starter handle, let the rope return to the starter
slowly.
3 1/4” maximum before mulching.
Using Your Lawn Mower
Be sure that the lawn is clear of stones, sticks, wire, or
other objects which could damage the lawn mower or
the engine. Such objects could be accidently thrown by
the mower in any direction and cause serious personal
injury to the operator and others.
For best results, do not cut wet grass because it tends
to stick to the underside of the mower, preventing
proper discharge of grass clippings, and could cause
you to slip and fall. New grass, thick grass, or wet grass
may require a narrower cut.
11
SECTION 6: MAKING ADJUSTMENTS
Cutting Height Adjustment
Handle Height Adjustment
Your mower is shipped with the handle in the higher
height position. To lower the height proceed as follows:
WARNING: Do not at any time make any
adjustments without first stopping engine
and disconnecting spark plug wire.
•
•
Each wheel has a height adjustment lever which
provides cutting height adjustment. When the
adjustment lever is moved from one location to another
the height of cut will be changed. Simply depress the
lever towards wheel and move lever assembly to
desired position. See Figure 10.
•
•
Remove the starter rope from the rope guide.
Disconnect the handle from the handle bracket
assemblies by removing the wing nuts.
See Figure 11.
Position each handle bracket assembly stud into
one of the other holes in the lower handle.
Each end of the lower handle must be placed in
same relative position.
IMPORTANT: All wheels must be placed in the same
relative position. For rough or uneven lawns, move the
height adjustment lever to a higher position. This will
help stop scalping of the grass.
Lower
Handle
Wing
Nuts
Height Adjustment
Lever
Handle
Bracket
Assemblies
Figure 11
Figure 10
12
SECTION 7: MAINTAINING YOUR LAWN MOWER
PRODUCT
Lubricate Blade Control
Clean Deck
Blade Care
Check Oil
ENGINE
Change Oil
Replace Air Filter
Clean Engine
Check Spark Plug
Check Spark Arrester (if any)
General Recommendations
•
•
•
•
•
•
Always observe safety rules when performing any
maintenance.
The warranty on this lawn mower does not cover
items that have been subjected to operator abuse
or negligence. To receive full value from the
warranty, operator must maintain the lawn mower
as instructed in this manual.
Changing of engine governed speed will void
engine warranty.
Periodically check all fasteners and make sure
these are tight.
Some adjustments will have to be made
periodically to maintain your unit properly. All
adjustments in the Making Adjustments section of
this manual should be checked at least once each
season.
Follow the maintenance schedule under Customer
Responsibilities to get quality performance from
your lawn mower.
13
so
n
re
sto
ra
ge
as
ea
ho
ce
On
Ev
er
y1
00
0h
Lubricate Wheels
Be
fo
rs
ou
rs
ry
5
Ev
e
y2
5h
ou
se
Ev
er
ac
hu
Af
te
SCHEDULE
re
MAINTENANCE
ur
s
Customer Responsibilities
SERVICE
DATES
Lubrication
Engine Care
Alist of key maintenance jobs, required for good
performance by the mower, is given below. Follow the
accompanying engine manual for details.
WARNING: Always stop engine and
disconnect spark plug wire before
cleaning, lubricating or doing any kind of
service work on the lawn mower.
•
Blade Control Handle: Lubricate the pivot points on
the blade control handle at least once a season with
light oil. The blade control must operate freely in both
directions. See Figure 12.
•
Wheels: Lubricate the wheels at least once a season
with light oil (or motor oil). If the wheels are removed for
any reason, lubricate the surface of the axle bolt and
inner surface of the wheel with light oil.
•
•
Chute Deflector or Mulching Baffle: Lubricate the
torsion spring and pivot point periodically with light oil to
prevent any rust or binding.
Engine: Follow the separate engine manual packed
with you unit for lubrication instructions.
•
•
Lubricate
Change the engine oil regularly, as instructed in the
engine manual. Check oil level before starting
engine every time.
Service air cleaner every 25 hours under normal
conditions. Poor engine performance and flooding
usually indicate that the air cleaner should be
serviced. To service the air cleaner, refer to the
separate engine manual packed with your unit.
Clean the engine periodically. Remove dirt and
debris with a cloth or brush.
Keep the cooling system (blower housing area)
clean to permit proper air circulation which is
essential to engine performance and life. Be certain
to remove all grass, dirt, and combustible debris
from muffler area.
Clean the spark plug and reset the gap to .030” at
least once a season. Refer to the engine manual for
correct spark plug type.
Inspect muffler periodically and replace if
necessary.
Deck
The underside of the mower deck should be cleaned
after each use to prevent a buildup of grass clippings,
leaves, dirt, or other matter. If this debris is allowed to
accumulate, it will invite rust and corrosion, and may
prevent proper mulching, discharge, or bagging. The
deck may be cleaned by tilting the mower and scraping
clean with a suitable tool (make certain the spark plug
wire is disconnected).
Lubricate
IMPORTANT: We do not recommend the use of a
pressure washer or garden hose to clean your unit.
Figure 12
Maintenance
NOTE: When tipping the unit or emptying the fuel tank
keep the air cleaner side of engine up. Never tip the
mower more than 90 degrees and do not leave the
mower tipped for any length of time. Oil can drain into
the upper part of the engine causing a starting problem.
14
Cutting Blade Removal, Replacement, and Sharpening
Balancing the Blade
•
WARNING: When removing the cutting
blade for sharpening or replacement,
protect your hands with a pair of heavy
gloves or use a heavy rag to hold the
blade.
Periodically inspect the blade adapter for cracks,
especially if you strike a freign object. Replace when
necessary.
•
Removing the Blade
•
•
•
•
Disconnect spark plug wire from spark plug.
Turn mower on its side making sure that the air filter
and the carburetor are up.
Remove the bolt and the blade bell support which
hold the blade and the blade adapter to the engine
crankshaft. See Figure 13.
Remove the blade and the adapter from the
crankshaft.
•
•
•
•
Blade
Adapter
NOTE: To ensure safe operation of your mower, the
blade bolt must be checked periodically for correct
torque.
Blade Bell
Support
Hex Bolt
Figure 13
Sharpening the Blade
•
•
The blade can be tested by balancing it on a round
shaft screwdriver. Remove metal from the heavy
side until it balances evenly. It is recommended that
the blade always be removed from the adapter
when testing for balance. Before reinstalling the
blade and the blade adapter to the unit, lubricate
the engine crankshaft and the inner surface of the
blade adapter with light oil.
Be sure to install the blade with the end tips facing
up or side of the blade marked “Bottom” (or with
part number) facing the ground when the mower is
in the operating position.
Slide the blade adapter onto the engine crankshaft.
Place the blade on the adapter. Be certain the
blade is aligned and seated on the blade adapter
flanges.
Place blade bell support on blade. Make sure the
notches on the blade bell support are aligned with
small holes in the blade.
Replace hex bolt and tighten hex bolt to torque: 450
in. lbs. min., 600 in. lbs. max.
The blade can be sharpened with a file or on a
grinding wheel. Do not attempt to sharpen the
blade while it is still on the mower.
Follow the original angle of grind as a guide. Make
sure that each cutting edge receives an equal
amount of grinding to prevent an unbalanced blade.
15
SECTION 8: TROUBLESHOOTING
Problem
Cause
Remedy
Engine fails to start
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Blade control handle disengaged.
Spark plug wire disconnected.
Fuel tank empty or stale fuel.
Blocked fuel line.
Faulty spark plug.
Engine flooded
Engine runs erratic
1. Spark plug wire loose.
2. Blocked fuel line or stale fuel.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Engage blade control handle.
Connect wire to spark plug.
Fill tank with clean, fresh gasoline.
Clean fuel line.
Clean, adjust gap, or replace.
Wait a few minutes to restart, but do
not prime.
Vent in gas plugged.
Water or dirt in fuel system.
Dirty air cleaner.
Carburetor out of adjustment.
1. Connect and tighten spark plug wire.
2. Clean fuel line; fill tank with clean,
fresh gasoline
3. Clear vent.
4. Drain fuel tank. Refill with fresh fuel.
5. Clean air cleaner.
6. Adjust carburetor.
Engine overheats
1. Engine oil level low.
2. Air flow restricted.
3. Carburetor not adjusted properly.
1. Fill crankcase with proper oil.
2. Remove blower housing and clean.
3. Adjust carburetor.
Idles poorly
1. Spark plug fouled, faulty or gap too
wide.
2. Carburetor improperly adjusted.
3. Dirty air cleaner.
1. Reset gap to .030” or replace spark
plug.
2. Adjust carburetor.
3. Clean air cleaner.
Excessive vibration
1. Cutting blade loose or unbalanced.
1. Tighten blade and adapter. Balance
blade.
2. Replace blade.
3.
4.
5.
6.
2. Bent cutting blade.
Mower will not mulch grass 1. Wet grass.
2. Excessively high grass.
3. Dull blade.
Uneven cut
1. Wheels not positioned correctly.
2. Dull blade.
1. Do not mow when grass is wet; wait
until later to cut.
2. Mow once at a high cutting height, then
mow again at desired height or make a
narrower cutting path.
3. Sharpen or replace blade.
1. Place all four wheels in same height
position.
2. Sharpen or replace blade.
NOTE:For repairs beyond the minor adjustments listed above, contact your nearest authorized service dealer.
16
SECTION 9: NOTES
17
Models 506
1
2
3
8
5
4
9
7
6
10
6
13
12
46
15
18
31
14
16
19
11
39
40
20
43
11
44
11
47
41
42
17
31
38
32
33
36
21
34
11
28
47
22
23
35
27
24
17
29
26
25
18
Models 506
Ref.
No.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
Part No.
747-1161A
749-1092A
746-1130
710-1205
720-0279
720-0284
736-0451
710-1174
725-0157
749-04037
712-0130
782-9065
731-2537
682-3062A
682-3063A
736-3050
712-0130
710-0654A
687-02045
687-02048
736-0270
741-0751
682-0113
Part Description
Ref.
No.
Part No.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
46.
47.
748-0376C
742-0742A
710-1044
736-0524A
738-1172
736-0741
734-1988
720-0426
732-1026
747-0710
732-1014
731-1035B
731-1034B
710-0216
741-0717
682-0093
732-0984B
738-1127
736-0182
734-1864
731-04197
736-0105
Blade Control Handle
Upper Handle
Blade Control Cable - B&S 40” LG
Eye Bolt
Wing Nut
Wing Nut
Shoulder Washer .320 ID x .93 OD
Carriage Bolt 5/16-18 x 2.0
Cable Tie
Lower Handle
Hex Lock Nut 3/8-16
Hinge Clip
Trail Shield
Handle Bracket Assembly - RH
Handle Bracket Assembly - LH
Flat Washer .406 ID x .812 OD
Hex Lock Nut 3/8 -16
Hex Washer Screw 3/8-16 x 1.0
Deck Assembly 22”
Deck Assembly 22” (No Sprigs)
Bell Washer .265 x .75
Height Adjuster Bearing
Pivot Arm Assembly
19
Part Description
Blade Adapter
Mulching Blade 22”
Hex Cap Screw 3/8-24 x 1.5
Blade Bell Support
Shoulder Screw 3/8 - 16 x .302
Bell Washer .760 ID x 1.25 OD
Front Wheel Assembly 7 x 1.8
Height Adjuster Knob
Front Spring Lever
Hinge Pin
Torsion Spring
Chute Hinge
Side Discharge Chute Assembly
Hex Cap Screw 3/8-16 x .75
Thrust Bearing .688 ID x 1.938 OD
Rear Pivot Arm Assembly
Rear Spring Lever
Shoulder Screw 3/8 - 16 x .442
Spring Washer
Rear Wheel Assembly 14 x 1.8
Snap Mulching Plug
Washer Spacer .401 ID x .870 OD
MANUFACTURER’S LIMITED WARRANTY FOR:
The limited warranty set forth below is given by Troy-Bilt LLC
with respect to new merchandise purchased and used in the
United States, its possessions and territories.
Troy-Bilt LLC warrants this product against defects for a
period of two (2) years commencing on the date of original
purchase and will, at its option, repair or replace, free of
charge, any part found to be defective in materials or
workmanship. This limited warranty shall only apply if this
product has been operated and maintained in accordance
with the Operator’s Manual furnished with the product, and
has not been subject to misuse, abuse, commercial use,
neglect, accident, improper maintenance, alteration,
vandalism, theft, fire, water, or damage because of other peril
or natural disaster. Damage resulting from the installation or
use of any accessory or attachment not approved by Troy-Bilt
LLC for use with the product(s) covered by this manual will
void your warranty as to any resulting damage.
Normal wear parts or components thereof are subject to
separate terms as follows: All normal wear parts or
component failures will be covered on the product for a period
of 90 days regardless of cause. After 90 days, but within the
two year period, normal wear part failures will be covered
ONLY IF caused by defects in materials or workmanship of
OTHER component parts. Normal wear parts and
components include, but are not limited to: batteries, belts,
blades, blade adapters, grass bags, rider deck wheels, seats,
snow thrower skid shoes, shave plates, auger spiral rubber,
and tires.
HOW TO OBTAIN SERVICE: Warranty service is available,
WITH PROOF OF PURCHASE, through your local authorized
service dealer. To locate the dealer in your area, check your
Yellow Pages, or contact Troy-Bilt LLC at P.O. Box 361131,
Cleveland, Ohio 44136-0019, or call 1-866-840-6483 or 1330-558-7220, or log on to our Web site at www.troybilt.com.
This limited warranty does not provide coverage in the
following cases:
a.
b.
c.
The engine or component parts thereof. These items
carry a separate manufacturer’s warranty. Refer to
applicable manufacturer’s warranty for terms and
conditions.
Log splitter pumps, valves, and cylinders have a sepa
rate one year warranty.
Routine maintenance items such as lubricants, filters,
blade sharpening, tune-ups, brake adjustments, clutch
adjustments, deck adjustments, and normal
deterioration of the exterior finish due to use or
exposure.
d.
e.
f.
g.
Troy-Bilt LLC does not extend any warranty for
products sold or exported outside of the United States,
its possesions and territories, except those sold
through Troy-Bilt LLC’s authorized channels of export
distribution.
Parts that are not genuine Troy-Bilt parts are not
covered by this warranty.
Service completed by someone other than an
authorized service dealer is not covered by this
warranty.
Transportation charges and service calls are not
covered.
No implied warranty, including any implied warranty of
merchantability of fitness for a particular purpose,
applies after the applicable period of express written
warranty above as to the parts as identified. No other
express warranty, whether written or oral, except as
mentioned above, given by any person or entity,
including a dealer or retailer, with respect to any product,
shall bind Troy-Bilt LLC. During the period of the
warranty, the exclusive remedy is repair or replacement
of the product as set forth above.
The provisions as set forth in this warranty provide the
sole and exclusive remedy arising from the sale. TroyBilt LLC shall not be liable for incidental or consequential
loss or damage including, without limitation, expenses
incurred for substitute or replacement lawn care services
or for rental expenses to temporarily replace a warranted
product.
Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of
incidental or consequential damages, or limitations on how
long an implied warranty lasts, so the above exclusions or
limitations may not apply to you.
In no event shall recovery of any kind be greater than the
amount of the purchase price of the product sold. Alteration
of safety features of the product shall void this warranty.
You assume the risk and liability for loss, damage, or injury to
you and your property and/or to others and their property
arising out of the misuse or inability to use the product.
This limited warranty shall not extend to anyone other than the
original purchaser or to the person for whom it was purchased
as a gift.
HOW STATE LAW RELATES TO THIS WARRANTY: This
limited warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may
also have other rights which vary from state to state.
Troy-Bilt LLC, P.O. BOX 361131 CLEVELAND, OHIO 44136-0019; Phone: 1-866-840-6483, 1-330-558-7220
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