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Agilent U1251B and
U1252B Handheld Digital
Multimeter
User’s and Service Guide
Agilent Technologies
Notices
© Agilent Technologies, Inc. 2009
Warranty
No part of this manual may be reproduced in
any form or by any means (including electronic storage and retrieval or translation
into a foreign language) without prior agreement and written consent from Agilent
Technologies, Inc. as governed by United
States and international copyright laws.
The material contained in this document is provided “as is,” and is subject to being changed, without notice,
in future editions. Further, to the maximum extent permitted by applicable
law, Agilent disclaims all warranties,
either express or implied, with regard
to this manual and any information
contained herein, including but not
limited to the implied warranties of
merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Agilent shall not be
liable for errors or for incidental or
consequential damages in connection with the furnishing, use, or performance of this document or of any
information contained herein. Should
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written agreement with warranty
terms covering the material in this
document that conflict with these
terms, the warranty terms in the separate agreement shall control.
Manual Part Number
U1251-90036
Edition
First Edition, December 01, 2009
Printed in Malaysia
Agilent Technologies, Inc.
5301 Stevens Creek Blvd.
Santa Clara, CA 95051 USA
Technology Licenses
The hardware and/or software described in
this document are furnished under a license
and may be used or copied only in accordance with the terms of such license.
Restricted Rights Legend
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Items) and DFARS 227.7202-3 (Rights in
Commercial Computer Software or Computer Software Documentation).
2
Safety Notices
Accessories Warranty
Agilent offers warranty for product’s accessories for up to 3 months from the end-user
acceptance date.
Standard Calibration Service
(optional)
CAU T ION
A CAUTION notice denotes a hazard. It calls attention to an operating procedure, practice, or the like
that, if not correctly performed or
adhered to, could result in damage
to the product or loss of important
data. Do not proceed beyond a
CAUTION notice until the indicated
conditions are fully understood and
met.
WARN IN G
A WARNING notice denotes a
hazard. It calls attention to an
operating procedure, practice, or
the like that, if not correctly performed or adhered to, could result
in personal injury or death. Do not
proceed beyond a WARNING
notice until the indicated conditions are fully understood and
met.
Agilent offers an optional calibration service
contract for a period of 3 years from
end-user acceptance date.
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Safety Symbols
The following symbols on the instrument and in the documentation
indicate precautions which must be taken to maintain safe operation of
the instrument.
Direct current (DC)
Off (supply)
Alternating current (AC)
On (supply)
Both direct and alternating current
Caution, risk of electric shock
Three-phase alternating current
Caution, risk of danger (refer to this manual
for specific Warning or Caution information)
Earth (ground) terminal
Caution, hot surface
Protective conductor terminal
Out position of a bi-stable push control
Frame or chassis terminal
In position of a bi-stable push control
Equipotentiality
CAT III
1000 V
Category III 1000 V overvoltage protection
Equipment protected throughout by
double insulation or reinforced
insulation
CAT IV
600 V
Category IV 600 V overvoltage protection
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
III
Safety Information
This meter is safety-certified in compliance with EN/IEC 61010-1:2001, UL
61010-1 Second Edition and CAN/CSA 22.2 61010-1 Second Edition, CAT
III 1000 V/ CAT IV 600 V Overvoltage Protection, Pollution Degree II. Use
with standard or compatible test probes.
General Safety Information
The following general safety precautions must be observed during all
phases of operation, service, and repair of this instrument. Failure to
comply with these precautions or with specific warnings elsewhere in this
manual violates safety standards of design, manufacture, and intended
use of the instrument. Agilent Technologies assumes no liability for the
customer’s failure to comply with these requirements.
IV
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
WARN IN G
• When working above 70V DC, 33 V AC RMS or 46.7 V peak, exercise caution – such
range pose a shock hazard.
• Do not measure more than the rated voltage (as marked on the meter) between
terminals, or between terminal and earth ground.
• Double-check the meter’s operation by measuring a known voltage.
• For current measurement, turn off circuit power before connecting the meter to the
circuit. Always place the meter in series with the circuit.
• When connecting probes, always connect the common test probe first. When
disconnecting probes, always disconnect the live test probe first.
• Detach test probes from the meter before you open the battery cover.
• Do not use the meter with the battery cover or part of the cover removed or loose.
• Replace the battery as soon as the low battery indicator
flashes on screen. This is
to avoid false readings, which may lead to possible electric shock or personal injury.
• Do not operate the product in an explosive atmosphere or in the presence of
flammable gases or fumes.
• Inspect the case for cracks or missing plastic. Pay extra attention to the insulation
surrounding the connectors. Do not use the meter if it is damaged.
• Inspect the test probes for damaged insulation or exposed metal, and check for
continuity. Do not use the test probe if it is damaged.
• Do not use any other AC charger adaptor apart from the one certified by Agilent with
this product.
• Do not use repaired fuses or short-circuited fuse-holders. For continued protection
against fire, replace the line fuses only with fuses of the same voltage and current
rating and recommended type.
• Do not service or perform adjustments alone. Under certain condition, hazardous
voltages may exist, even with the equipment switched off. To avoid dangerous electric
shock, service personnel must not attempt internal service or adjustment unless
another person, capable of rendering resuscitation or first aid, is present.
• Do not substitute parts or modify equipment to avoid the danger of introducing
additional hazards. Return the product to Agilent Technologies Sales and Service
Office for service and repair to ensure the safety features are maintained
• Do not operate damaged equipment as the safety protection features built into this
product may have been impaired, either through physical damage, excessive
moisture, or any other reason. Remove power and do not use the product until safe
operation can be verified by service-trained personnel. If necessary, return the
product to Agilent Technologies Sales and Service Office for service and repair to
ensure the safety features are maintained.
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
V
CAU T ION
VI
• Turn off circuit power and discharge all high-voltage capacitors in the circuit before you
perform resistance, continuity, diodes, or capacitance tests.
• Use the correct terminals, function, and range for your measurements.
• Never measure voltage when current measurement is selected.
• Use only recommended rechargeable battery. Ensure proper insertion of battery in the
meter, and follow the correct polarity.
• Disconnect test leads from all the terminals during battery charging.
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Regulatory Markings
The CE mark is a registered trademark
of the European Community. This CE
mark shows that the product complies
with all the relevant European Legal
Directives.
The C-tick mark is a registered
trademark of the Spectrum
Management Agency of Australia. This
signifies compliance with
the Australia EMC Framework
regulations under the terms of the
Radio Communication Act of 1992.
ICES/NMB-001 indicates that this ISM
device complies with the Canadian
ICES-001.
Cet appareil ISM est confomre a la
norme NMB-001 du Canada.
This instrument complies with the
WEEE Directive (2002/96/EC) marking
requirement. This affixed product label
indicates that you must not discard
this electrical/electronic product in
domestic household waste.
The CSA mark is a registered
trademark of the Canadian Standards
Association.
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
VII
Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Directive
2002/96/EC
This instrument complies with the WEEE Directive (2002/96/EC) marking
requirement. This affixed product label indicates that you must not discard
this electrical/electronic product in domestic household waste.
Product Category:
With reference to the equipment types in the WEEE directive Annex 1, this
instrument is classified as a “Monitoring and Control Instrument” product.
The affixed product label is as shown below.
Do not dispose in domestic household waste
To return this unwanted instrument, contact your nearest Agilent
Technologies, or visit:
www.agilent.com/environment/product
for more information.
VIII
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Declaration of Conformity (DoC)
The Declaration of Conformity (DoC) for this instrument is available on the
Web site. You can search the DoC by its product model or description.
http://regulations.corporate.agilent.com/DoC/search.htm
N O TE
If you are unable to search for the respective DoC, please contact your
local Agilent representative.
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
IX
X
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Contents
1
Getting Started Tutorial 1
Introducing the Agilent U1251B and U1252B Handheld Digital
Multimeter 2
Adjusting the Tilt-Stand 3
The Front Panel at a Glance 5
The Rotary Switch at a Glance 6
The Keypad at a Glance 7
The Display at a Glance 9
Selection of Display by Hz Button 13
Selection of Display by Dual Button 15
Selection of Display by Shift Button 18
The Terminals at a Glance 20
The Rear Panel at a Glance 21
2
Making Measurements 23
Measuring Voltage 24
Measuring Current 27
Measuring DC voltage 26
Measuring Current 27
µA & mA Measurement 27
% Scale of 4–20 mA 28
A measurement 29
Frequency Counter 30
Measuring Resistance, Conductance and Testing Continuity 32
Testing Diodes 36
Measuring Capacitance 39
Measuring Temperature 40
Alerts and Warning During Measurement 43
Overload Alert 43
Input Warning 43
Charge Terminal Alert 44
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
XI
Contents
XII
3
Features and Functions 45
Dynamic Recording 46
Data Hold (Trigger Hold) 48
Refresh Hold 49
Null (Relative) 51
Decibel Display 53
1 ms Peak Hold 55
Data Logging 57
Manual Logging 57
Interval Logging 59
Reviewing Logged Data 61
Square Wave Output (for U1252B) 63
Remote Communication 67
4
Changing The Default Setting 69
Selecting Setup Mode 70
Setting Data Logging Mode 74
Setting Thermocouple Types (for U1252B) 75
Setting Reference Impedance for dBm Measurement 76
Setting Minimum Frequency Measurement 77
Setting Temperature Unit 78
Setting Auto Power Saving Mode 80
Setting % Scale Readout 82
Setting Beep Frequency 83
Setting Backlit Timer 84
Setting Baud Rate 85
Setting Parity Check 86
Setting Data Bit 87
Setting Echo Mode 88
Setting Print Mode 89
Returning to Default Factory Settings 90
Setting the Battery Voltage 91
Setting the DC Filter 92
5
Maintenance 93
Introduction 94
General Maintenance 94
Replacing the Battery 95
Charging the Battery 97
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Contents
Replacing the Fuse 103
Troubleshooting 105
6
Performance Tests and Calibration 107
Calibration Overview 108
Closed-case Electronic Calibration 108
Agilent Technologies Calibration Services 108
Calibration Interval 108
Adjustment is Recommended 109
Recommended Test Equipment 110
Basic Operating Test 111
Backlit Test 111
Testing the Display 111
Current Terminal Test 112
Charge Terminal Alert Test 113
Test Considerations 114
Input Connections 115
Performance Verification Tests 116
Calibration Security 124
Unsecuring the Instrument for Calibration 125
Calibration Process 128
Using the Front Panel for Adjustments 129
Adjustments Consideration 130
Valid Adjustment Input Values 131
Adjustment Procedure 132
Finishing the Adjustment 139
To Read the Calibration Count 139
Calibration Errors 140
7
Specifications 141
DC Specifications 142
U1251B AC Specifications 144
U1252B AC Specifications 145
U1252B AC+DC Specifications 146
Temperature and Capacitance Specifications 147
U1251B & U1252B Frequency Specifications 148
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
XIII
Contents
Operating Specifications 152
General Specifications 154
XIV
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Agilent U1251B and U1252B Handheld Digital Multimeter
User’s and Service Guide
1
Getting Started Tutorial
Introducing the Agilent U1251B and U1252B Handheld Digital
Multimeter 2
Adjusting the Tilt-Stand 3
The Front Panel at a Glance 5
The Rotary Switch at a Glance 6
The Keypad at a Glance 7
The Display at a Glance 9
Selection of Display by Hz Button 13
Selection of Display by Dual Button 15
Selection of Display by Shift Button 18
The Terminals at a Glance 20
The Rear Panel at a Glance 21
This chapter contains a brief description of the front panel
of the Agilent U1251B and U1252B Handheld Digital
Multimeter.
Agilent Technologies
1
1
Getting Started Tutorial
Introducing the Agilent U1251B and U1252B Handheld Digital Multimeter
The handheld digital multimeter’s key features are:
• DC, AC and AC + DC (only U1252B) voltage and current
measurements.
• True- RMS measurement for both AC voltage and current
• Rechargeable Ni- MH battery with built- in charging
capability (only for U1252B)
• Ambient temperature on second display
• Battery capacity indicator
• Bright orange LED backlight
• Resistance measurement up to 50 M
500 M (for U1252B)
Ω
Ω (for U1251B) and
Ω
• Conductance measurement from 0.01 nS (100 G ) ~ 50 nS
• Capacitance measurement up to 100 mF
• Frequency counter up to 20 MHz (only U1252B)
• The % scale readout for 4- 20 mA or 0- 20 mA measurement
• dBm with selectable reference impedance
• 1 ms Peak Hold to catch inrush voltage and current easily
• Temperature test with selectable 0 °C compensation
(without ambient temperature compensation).
• K- type (for U1251B) and J/K- types temperature
measurement (for U1252B)
• Frequency, duty cycle and pulse width measurements
• Dynamic Recording for min, max and average readings
• Data Hold with manual or auto trigger and Null mode
• Diode and audible continuity tests
• Square wave generator with selectable frequency, pulse
width and duty cycle (only U1252B)
• Agilent GUI Application Software (IR- USB cable sold
separately)
• Closed case calibration
2
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Getting Started Tutorial
1
• 50,000 count precision true RMS digital multimeter,
designed to meet IEC61326- 1:2005 / EN61326- 1:2006
Category III 1000 V/ CAT IV 600 V Overvoltage Protection,
Pollution Degree II standards
Adjusting the Tilt-Stand
To adjust the meter to a 60° standing position, pull the
tilt- stand outwards to its maximum reach.
IR-USB cable
To PC (host)
Tilt-stand at 60°
To adjust the meter to a 30° standing position, bend the tip
of the stand so that it is parallel to the ground before
pulling the stand outwards to its maximum reach.
IR-USB cable
To PC (host)
Tilt-stand at 30 º
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
3
Getting Started Tutorial
1
To adjust the meter to a hanging position, flip the stand
upwards and over its maximum reach until it is detached
from its hinge. Then flip the stand over so that the stand’s
inner surface is facing the meter’s rear. Now, press the stand
down into its hinge. Follow the step by step pictorial
instructions below.
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
4
Getting Started Tutorial
1
The Front Panel at a Glance
Display
Keypad
Rotary switch
Terminals
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
5
1
Getting Started Tutorial
The Rotary Switch at a Glance
5
4
3
6
7
8
2
9
1
10
Legend:
6
No.
Description / Function
1
Charge mode [U1252B only] or OFF
2
AC V
3
DC voltage or DC+AC voltage [U1252B only]
4
DC mV, AC mV, AC+DC mV [U1252B only]
5
Resistance ( ), Continuity, and Conductance ( nS )
6
Frequency counter [U1252B only] or Diode
7
Capacitance or Temperature
8
DC µA and AC µA
9
DC mA, DC current, AC mA or AC current
10
Square-wave output, Duty cycle or Pulse width output [for U1252B]
and OFF [for U1251B]
Ω
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Getting Started Tutorial
1
The Keypad at a Glance
The operation of each key is shown below. Pressing a key
illuminates a related symbol on the display and sounds the
beeper. Turning the rotary switch to another position resets
the current operation of the key.
Figure below shows the keypad of the U1252B. The ms%
(Pulse width/Duty cycle),
Hz
, and frequency
counter functions are only available on the U1252B.
Table 1-1 Keypad Desciption/Functions
Function when pressed for less than 1 second
Function when pressed for more than 1 second
1
acts as a toggle switch to turn backlit ON/OFF.
Backlit automatically turns off after 30s (default) (1).
2
enters Dynamic Recording mode.
freezes the measured value. In Data Hold
again to scroll through Max, Min, Avg
mode, press again to trigger hold of the next measured Press
and present readings (indicated by MAXMINAVG on
value. In Refresh Hold mode, reading updates
automatically once reading is stable and count setting display) .
is exceeded (1).
3
saves displayed value as a reference to be
subtracted from subsequent measurements. Press
again to see the relative value that has been saved.
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
displays the battery capacity for 3 seconds
enters 1 ms Peak Hold mode. Press
to scroll through Max and Min peak readings.
7
1
Getting Started Tutorial
Function when pressed for less than 1 second
Function when pressed for more than 1 second
4
scrolls through the measuring function(s) at a
particular rotary switch position.
enters Log Review mode. Press
to switch to manual or interval logging data. Press
or to view first or last logged data respectively.
Press or to scroll up or down logged data.
Press
for more than 1 second to exit mode.
5
scrolls through available measuring ranges
(except when rotary switch is set at
or at Hz [for
U1252B] position) (2).
6
scrolls through available dual-combination
exits Hold, Null, Dynamic Recording, 1 ms
displays (except when rotary switch is set at or [for Peak Hold and dual display modes.
U1252B] position, or when meter is in 1 ms peak hold
or dynamic recording mode) (3).
7
enters Frequency Test mode for current or voltage
measurements. Press
to scroll through
frequency (Hz), duty cycle (%) and pulse width (ms)
functions. In duty cycle (%) and pulse width (ms)
tests, press
to switch to positive or negative
pulse.
N O TE
sets to Auto Range mode.
enters logging mode. In manual data logging,
press
to log data manually into memory. In
automatic data logging, data logs automatically (1).
Press
for more than 1 second to exit auto data
logging mode.
1. See Table 4-1, “Available setting options in Setup mode,” on page 71 for
details of available options.
2. When rotary switch is at , press
to switch to ºC or ºF display. When
rotary swtich is at Hz, press
to switch to division of signal frequency by 1 or
100.
3. When rotary switch is at , ETC is ON by default. You may press
to
disable ETC (Environment Temperature Compensation),
will appear on display.
For pulse and duty cycle measurement, press
to switch trigger slope to
positive or negative. When meter is in peak or dynamic-recording mode, press
to restart 1 ms peak hold or dynamic recording mode.
8
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Getting Started Tutorial
1
The Display at a Glance
To view the full display (with all segments illuminated),
press and hold
button while turning the rotary
switch from OFF to any non- OFF position. After you are
done viewing the full display, press any button to resume
normal functionality based on the rotary switch position.
This is followed by a wake- up feature.
The meter will then enter power save mode once auto power
off (APF) is enabled. To wake the meter up:
1 Turn the rotary switch (knob) to OFF position, and then
turn it back on again.
2 Press any button for rotary switch position that is not at
square wave output position. This is only available for the
U1252B.
3 For the U1252B only, to set the rotary switch at square
wave out position, press only the Dual, Range and Hold
buttons or turn the rotary switch to another position.
The LCD signs are described on pages 10, 11 and 12.
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
9
1
Getting Started Tutorial
LCD Sign
Description
Remote control
Thermocouple types:
NULL
(K-type)
(J-type)
Null math function
Diode / Audible continuity
Audible continuity for resistance
View mode for checking logged data
Data logging indication
Square wave output (only U1252B)
•
Positive slope for pulse width (ms) and duty cycle (%) measurement
•
Charging capacitor as capacitance measurement
•
Negative slope for pulse width (ms) and duty cycle (%) measurement
•
Discharging capacitor as capacitance measurement
Low battery indication
Auto power off enable
Refresh (auto) Hold
TRIG
Trigger (manual) Hold
MAXMINAVG
Dynamic Recording mode: Present value on primary display
MAX
Dynamic Recording mode: Maximum value on primary display
MIN
Dynamic Recording mode: Minimum value on primary display
AVG
10
Dynamic Recording mode: Average value on primary display
MAX
1 ms Peak Hold mode: Positive peak value on primary display
MIN
1 ms Peak Hold mode: Negative peak value on primary display
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Getting Started Tutorial
1
The primary display signs are described below.
LCD Sign
Description
Auto range
AC + DC
DC
AC
Polarity, digits and decimal points for primary display
dBm
Decibel unit relative to 1 mW
dBV
Decibel unit relative to 1 V
MkHz
Frequency units: Hz, kHz, MHz
MkΩ
Resistance units: Ω, kΩ, MΩ
nS
Conductance unit
mV
Voltage units: mV, V
µmA
Current units: µA, mA, A
%
Duty cycle measurement
ms
Pulse width unit
µmnF
Capacitance units: nF, µF, mF
ºC
Celsius temperature unit
ºF
Fahrenheit temperature unit
%
Percentage scale readout proportional to DC 0–20 mA
%
Percentage scale readout proportional to DC 4–20 mA
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
11
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Getting Started Tutorial
The secondary display signs are described below.
LCD Sign
Description
AC + DC
DC
AC
Polarity, digits and decimal points for secondary display
kHz
Frequency units: Hz, kHz
No ambient temperature compensation, just thermocouple measurement
ºC
Celsius ambient temperature unit
ºF
Fahrenheit ambient temperature unit
mV
Voltage units: mV, V
µmA
Current units: µ A, mA, A
s
Elapsed time unit: s (second) for Dynamic Recording and 1 ms Peak Hold modes
The analog bar graph is like the needle on an analog meter,
except without the overshoot being displayed. When
measuring peak on null adjustments and viewing
fast- changing inputs, the bar graph provides a useful
indication because it has faster update rates for fast
response application.
The bar graph is not used for square wave output, frequency,
duty cycle, pulse width, 4–20 mA% scale, 0–20 mA% scale
and temperature measurements. When frequency, duty cycle
and pulse width are indicated on the primary display during
voltage or current measurement, the bar graph represents
the voltage or current value. When 4–20 mA% scale or 0–20
mA% scale is indicated on the primary display, the bar
graph represents the current value.
12
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Getting Started Tutorial
1
The “+” or “–” sign is indicated when the positive or
negative value has been measured or calculated. Each
segment represents 2500 or 500 counts depending on the
range indicated on the peak bar graph. See the table below.
Range
Counts / Segment
Used for the Function
2500
V, A, Ω, Diode
2500
V, A, Ω
2500
V, A, Ω, nS
500
V, A,
500
500
Selection of Display by Hz Button
The frequency measurement feature helps to detect the
presence of harmonic currents in neutral conductors and
determines whether these neutral currents are the result of
unbalanced phases or non- linear loads. Press
to
access the Frequency measurement mode for current or
voltage measurements — voltage or current on secondary
display and frequency on primary display. Alternatively,
pulse width (ms) or duty cycle (%) can appear on the
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
13
1
Getting Started Tutorial
primary display by pressing
again. This enbles the
simultaneous monitoring of real- time voltage and current
with frequency, duty cycle or pulse width. Voltage or current
resumes on primary display after you press and hold
for more than 1 second.
Rotary switch position (Function)
Primary display
Secondary display
Frequency (Hz)
AC V
for U1252B
Pulse width (ms)
(DC voltage)
Duty cycle (%)
for U1251B
for U1252B
Frequency (Hz)
Pulse width (ms)
(DC voltage)
Duty cycle (%)
for U1252B
(AC + DC voltage)
Frequency (Hz)
DC V
AC + DC V
Pulse width (ms)
Duty cycle (%)
Frequency (Hz)
(AC voltage)
AC mV
Pulse width (ms)
Duty cycle (%)
Frequency (Hz)
(DC voltage)
DC mV
Pulse width (ms)
Duty cycle (%)
Frequency (Hz)
(AC + DC voltage)
AC + DC mV
Pulse width (ms)
Duty cycle (%)
Frequency (Hz)
(AC Current)
[for U1252B]
Pulse width (ms)
Duty cycle (%)
Frequency (Hz)
(DC current)
AC µA
DC µA
Pulse width (ms)
Duty cycle (%)
14
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Getting Started Tutorial
Frequency (Hz)
1
AC + DC µA
Pulse width (ms)
(AC + DC current)
[for U1252B]
Duty cycle (%)
Frequency (Hz)
AC mA or A
Pulse width (ms)
(AC current)
Duty cycle (%)
Frequency (Hz)
DC mA or A
Pulse width (ms)
(DC current)
Duty cycle (%)
Frequency (Hz)
(AC + DC current)
[for U1252B]
Pulse width (ms)
Hz (Frequency counter) - press
Frequency (Hz)
AC + DC mA
Duty cycle (%)
-1-
Pulse width (ms)
to select frequency
division by 1 [for U1252B]
Duty cycle (%)
Hz (Frequency counter) - press
Frequency (Hz)
- 100 -
to select frequency
division by 100 [for U1252B]
Selection of Display by Dual Button
Press
to select different combinations of dual display.
Normal single display resumes after you press and hold
for more than 1 second. See table below.
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
15
1
Getting Started Tutorial
Rotary switch position
Primary display
Secondary display
AC V
Hz (AC coupling)
dBm or dBV (select
AC V
(Function)
(AC voltage)
by pressing
for U1252B
(AC voltage)
for U1251B/
for U1252B
(DC voltage)
for U1252B
(AC + DC voltage)
(AC voltage)
(DC voltage)
N O TE
16
)
AC V
Ambient temperature °C or °F
AC V
Hz (AC coupling)
dBm or dBV (1)
AC V
AC V
DC V
AC V
Ambient temperature °C or °F
DC V
dBm or dBV
Hz (DC coupling)
(1)
DC V
DC V
AC V [for U1252B]
DC V
Ambient temperature °C or °F
AC + DC V
dBm or dBV
Hz (AC coupling)
(1)
AC + DC V
AC + DC V
AC V
AC + DC V
DC V
AC + DC V
Ambient temperature °C or °F
AC mV
Hz (AC coupling)
dBm or dBV (1)
AC mV
AC mV
DC mV
AC mV
Ambient temperature °C or °F
DC mV
Hz (DC coupling)
dBm or dBV (1)
DC mV
DC mV
AC mV
DC mV
Ambient temperature °C or °F
[1] Reading of dBm or dBV depends on the last review on AC V. If the last
review is dBV, the following display will also remain in dBV.
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Getting Started Tutorial
(AC + DC voltage)
[for U1252B]
AC + DC mV
Hz (AC coupling)
dBm or dBV
AC + DC mV
AC + DC mV
AC mV
AC + DC mV
DC mV
AC + DC mV
Ambient temperature °C or °F
DC μA
Hz (DC coupling)
DC μA
AC μA
DC μA
Ambient temperature °C or °F
AC μA
Hz (AC coupling)
AC μA
DC μA
AC μA
Ambient temperature °C or °F
AC + DC μA
Hz (AC coupling)
(AC + DC current)
AC + DC μA
AC μA
[for U1252B]
AC + DC μA
DC μA
AC + DC μA
Ambient temperature °C or °F
DC mA
Hz (DC coupling)
DC mA
AC mA
%(0–20 or 4–20)
DC mA
DC mA
Ambient temperature °C or °F
AC mA
Hz (AC coupling)
AC mA
DC mA
AC mA
Ambient temperature °C or °F
AC + DC mA
Hz (AC coupling)
AC + DC mA
AC mA
AC + DC mA
DC mA
AC + DC mA
Ambient temperature °C or °F
DC A
Hz (DC coupling)
DC A
AC A
DC A
Ambient temperature °C or °F
(DC current)
(AC current)
(DC current)
(AC current)
(AC + DC current)
[for U1252B]
(DC current)
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
1
17
1
Getting Started Tutorial
(AC current)
(AC + DC current)
[for U1252B]
(Capacitance)
(Diode)/
Ω (Resistance)/
nS (Conductance)
(Temperature)
AC A
Hz (AC coupling)
AC A
DC A
AC A
Ambient temperature °C or °F
AC + DC A
Hz (AC coupling)
AC + DC A
AC A
AC + DC A
DC A
AC + DC A
Ambient temperature °C or °F
nF / V / Ω / nS
Ambient temperature °C or °F
°C (°F)
Ambient temperature °C or °F
°C (°F)
Ambient temperature °C or °F / 0°C
compensation (select by pressing
)
Selection of Display by Shift Button
The table below shows selection of primary display, with
respect to measuring function (rotary switch position), using
the Shift button.
Rotary switch position (Function)
(AC Voltage)
for U1251B
for U1252B
(AC + DC Voltage)
18
Primary display
AC V
dBm (in dual display mode) (1)
dBV (in dual display mode) (1)
DC V
DC V
AC V
AC + DC V
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Getting Started Tutorial
for U1252B
(AC + DC Voltage)
1
DC mV
AC mV
AC + DC mV
Ω
Ω
Ω
nS
Diode
Hz
Capacitance
Temperature
/
DC μA
AC μA
Square wave output for
AC + DC μA [for U1252B]
DC mA
AC mA
AC + DC mA
%(0–20 or 4–20)
DC A
AC A
AC + DC A [for U1252B]
Duty cycle (%)
Pulse width (ms)
U1252B
N O TE
1. Press
Press
only.
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
to switch between dBm and dBV measurement.
for more than 1 second to return to AC V measurement
19
1
Getting Started Tutorial
The Terminals at a Glance
To avoid damaging this device, do not exceed the input limit.
WARN IN G
Figure 1-1
U1252B Connector terminals
Table 1-2 Terminal connections for different measuring functions
Rotary switch position
Input terminal
Overload protection
COM
1000 V R.M.S.,
for U1252B
for U1251B
1000 V R.M.S. for short circuit
<0.3 A
Ω
for U1252B
μA . mA
COM
440 mA / 1000 V 30 kA
fast-acting fuse
A
COM
11 A / 1000 V 30 kA
fast-acting fuse
COM
COM
20
440 mA / 1000 V fast-acting
fuse
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Getting Started Tutorial
1
The Rear Panel at a Glance
IR
communication
port
Test probe
holders
Battery
access cover
Figure 1-2
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Rear panel of U1252B
21
1
22
Getting Started Tutorial
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Agilent U1251B and U1252B Handheld Digital Multimeter
User’s and Service Guide
2
Making Measurements
Measuring Voltage 24
Measuring AC voltage 24
Measuring DC voltage 26
Measuring Current 27
μA & mA Measurement 39
% Scale of 4–20 mA 28
A measurement 29
Frequency Counter 30
Measuring Resistance, Conductance and Testing Continuity 32
Testing Diodes 36
Measuring Temperature 40
Alerts and Warning During Measurement 43
Overload Alert 43
Input Warning 43
Charge Terminal Alert 44
This chapter contains detailed information on how measurements are
taken using this handheld digital multimeter. It builds on information you
have learned in the Quick Start Guide.
Agilent Technologies
23
2
Making Measurements
Measuring Voltage
The meter offers true- RMS readings for AC measurements
that are accurate for sine waves, square waves, triangle
waves, staircase waves and other waveforms without any DC
offset.
For AC with DC offset, use AC + DC measurement on
or
rotary switch location. This applies only to
U1252B.
WARN IN G
Ensure that the terminal connections are correct for that particular
measurement before proceeding with the measurement. To avoid
damaging the device, do not exceed the input limit.
Measuring AC voltage
1 Set the rotary switch to
,
or
.
2 Connect the red and black test leads to the input
terminals V.mV and COM respectively.
3 Alternatively, press
secondary display.
to display frequency on
4 Probe the test points and read the display.
24
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Making Measurements 2
Figure 2-1
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Measuring AC voltage
25
2
Making Measurements
Measuring DC voltage
Figure 2-2
Measuring DC voltage
1 Set the rotary switch to
and
.
2 Connect the red and black test leads to the input
terminals V.mV and COM respectively.
3 Probe the test points and read the display.
26
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Making Measurements 2
Measuring Current
µA & mA Measurement
1 Set the rotary switch to
.
2 Connect the red and black test leads to the input
terminals µA.mA and COM respectively.
3 Probe the test points in series with the circuit, and read
the display.
Figure 2-3
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Measuring μA and mA current
27
2
Making Measurements
% Scale of 4–20 mA
The % scale for 4–20 mA or 0–20 mA is calculated using its
corresponding DC mA measurement. The meter will optimize
the best resolution automatically as shown in the table
below. The
and bar graph is used for ranging 50 mA
and 500 mA. The % scale for 4–20 mA or 0–20 mA is set to
two ranges as follows:
% (0–20 or 4–20 mA) Always auto range
DC mA Auto or manual range
999.99%
50 mA, 500 mA
9999.9%
Figure 2-4
28
Measuring scale of 4-20 mA
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Making Measurements 2
A measurement
1 Set the rotary switch to
.
2 Connect the red and black test leads to the 10A input
terminal A and COM respectively. The meter is set to A
measurement automatically when the red test lead is
plugged into the A terminal.
Figure 2-5
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
A measurement
29
2
Making Measurements
Frequency Counter
WARN IN G
• Use the frequency counter for low voltage applications only.
Never use the frequency counter for line power system.
• For input more than 30 Vpp, you are required to use frequency
measurement mode available under the current or voltage
measurement instead of frequency counter.
1 Set the rotary switch to
.
2 Press
to select the Frequency counter (Hz)
function. “- 1- “ on the secondary display means the input
signal frequency is divided by 1. This accommodates for a
higher frequency range of up to 985 kHz.
3 Connect the red and black test leads to the input
terminals V and COM respectively.
4 Probe the test points and read the display.
5 If the reading is unstable or is zero, press
to select
the division of the input signal frequency by 100. This
accommodates for a higher frequency range of up to 20
MHz.
6 The signal is out of range if the reading is still unstable
after Step 5.
While the secondary display shows “- 1- “, you may scroll
through the pulse width (ms), duty cycle (%) and frequency
(Hz) measurements by pressing
.
30
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Making Measurements 2
Figure 2-6
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Measuring frequency
31
2
Making Measurements
Measuring Resistance, Conductance and Testing Continuity
CAU T ION
Disconnect the circuit power and discharge all high-voltage capacitors
before measuring the resistance to any prevent possible damage to the
meter or the device under test.
1 Set the rotary switch to
.
2 Connect the red and black test leads to the input
terminals Ω and COM respectively.
3 Probe the test points (by shunting the resistor) and read
the display.
Figure 2-7
32
Measuring resistance
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Making Measurements 2
4 Press
to scroll through audible continuity,
conductance and resistance tests as shown in Figure 2- 8.
Audible
continuity
Press
Shift
Press
Shift
Figure 2-8
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Audible continuity, conductance and resistance test.
33
2
Making Measurements
In the range of 0–500 Ω, the beeper will sound if the
resistance value falls below 10 Ω. For other ranges, the
beeper will sound if the resistance falls below the typical
values indicated in the table below.
Measuring range
Beeper sounds when
500.00 Ω
Ω < 10
5.0000 kΩ
Ω < 100
50.000 kΩ
Ω < 1k
500.00 kΩ
Ω < 10k
5.0000 MΩ
Ω < 100k
50.000 MΩ
Ω < 1M
500.00 MΩ
Ω < 10M
The conductance measurement enables the measurement of
very high resistance of up to 100 GΩ. As the high- resistance
readings are susceptible to noise, you can capture the
average readings by using the Dynamic Recording mode.
See Figure 3- 1 on page 47.
34
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Making Measurements 2
Figure 2-9
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Conductance measurement
35
2
Making Measurements
Testing Diodes
CAU T ION
Disconnect the circuit power and discharge all the high-voltage capacitors
before testing the diodes to prevent any possible damage to the meter.
To test the diodes, turn the circuit power off, and remove
the diodes from the circuit. Then proceed as follows:
1 Set the rotary switch to
.
2 Connect the red and black test leads to the input
terminals
and COM respectively.
3 Use the red probe lead on the positive terminal (anode)
and use the black probe lead on the negative terminal
(cathode).
N O TE
The cathode is the side with band(s).
4 Read the display.
N O TE
The meter can display the diode’s forward bias of up to approximately 2.1 V.
A typical diode’s forward bias is between the range of 0.3 V to 0.8 V.
5 Reverse the probes and measure the voltage across the
diodes again. The diode’s test result is based on the
following:
• The diode is considered good if the meter displays “OL”
in reverse bias mode.
• The diode is considered shorted if the meter displays
approximately 0 V in both forward and reverse bias
modes, and the meter beeps continuously.
• The diode is considered open if the meter displays “OL”
in both forward and reverse bias modes.
36
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Making Measurements 2
Figure 2-10 Measuring forward bias of diode
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
37
2
Making Measurements
.
Figure 2-11 Measuring reverse bias of diode
38
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Making Measurements 2
Measuring Capacitance
CAU T ION
Disconnect the circuit power and discharge all the high-voltage capacitors
before measuring the capacitance to prevent any possible damage to the
meter or the device under test. To confirm that the capacitors have
discharged, use the DC voltage function.
The meter measures capacitance by charging the capacitor
with a known current for a period of time, measuring the
voltage and then calculating the capacitance. The larger the
capacitor, the longer is the charging time.
Measuring tips:
• For measuring capacitances greater than 10,000µF,
discharge the capacitor first, then select a suitable
range for the measurement. This will speed up
measuring time in order to obtain the correct
capacitance value.
• For measuring small capacitances, press
with
the test leads open to subtract any residual capacitance
from the meter or the leads.
N O TE
means the capacitor is charging.
discharging.
1 Set the rotary switch to
means the capacitor is
.
2 Connect the red and black test leads to the input
terminals
and COM respectively.
3 Use the red probe lead on the positive terminal of the
capacitor and use the black probe lead on the negative
terminal.
4 Read the display.
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
39
2
Making Measurements
Measuring Temperature
CAU T ION
Do not bend the thermocouple leads at sharp angles. Repeated bending
over a period of time may break the leads.
The bead type thermocouple probe is suitable for making
temperature measurements between –20 °C to 200 °C in
Teflon compatible environments. Above this temperature, the
probe may emit a toxic gas. Do not immerse this
thermocouple probe in liquids. For best results, use a
thermocouple probe designed for each application — an
immersion probe for liquid or gel and an air probe for air
measurements. Observe the following measuring techniques:
• Clean the measurement surface and make sure the probe
is securely touching the surface. Remember to disable the
applied power.
• When measuring above the ambient temperature, move the
thermocouple along the surface until you get the highest
temperature reading.
• When measuring below ambient temperature, move the
thermocouple along the surface until you get the lowest
temperature reading.
• Place the meter in the operating environment for at least
1 hour as using non- compensation transfer adaptor with
miniature thermal probe.
• For a quick measurement, use the 0 °C compensation to
see the temperature variation of the thermocouple sensor.
The 0 °C compensation assists in measuring the relative
temperature immediately.
1 Turn the rotary switch to
2 Press
position.
to select the temperature measurement.
3 Plug the thermocouple adapter (with the thermocouple
probe connected to it) into the input terminals
and
COM.
40
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Making Measurements 2
4 Touch the measurement surface with the thermocouple probe.
5 Read the display.
If you are working in a varied environment, where the
ambient temperature is not constant, do the following:
1 Press
to select 0 °C compensation. This gives a
quick measurement of the relative temperature.
2 Avoid contact between the thermocouple probe and the
measurement surface.
3 After a constant reading is obtained, press
to set
the reading as the relative reference temperature.
4 Touch the measurement surface with the thermocouple
probe.
5 Read the display for the relative temperature.
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
41
2
Making Measurements
Figure 2-12 Surface temperature measurement
42
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Making Measurements 2
Alerts and Warning During Measurement
Overload Alert
WARN IN G
For your safety, look out for this alert. When you are alerted,
immediately remove the test leads from the measuring source.
The meter provides an overload alert for voltage measurement
in both auto and manual range modes. The meter beeps
periodically once the measuring voltage exceeds 1010 V. For
your safety, please be aware of this alert.
Input Warning
The meter sounds an alert beep when the test lead is
inserted into the A input terminal but the rotary switch is
not set to the corresponding mA.A location. The primary
display indicates a flashing “A- Err” until the test lead is
removed from the A input terminal. See Figure 2- 13.
Figure 2-13 Input terminal warning
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
43
2
Making Measurements
Charge Terminal Alert
The meter sounds an alert beep when the
terminal
detects a voltage level of more than 5 V and the rotary
switch is not set to the corresponding
location. The
primary display indicates a flashing “Ch.Err” until the lead
is removed from the
input terminal. See Figure 2- 14.
Figure 2-14 Charge terminal alert
44
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Agilent U1251B and U1252B Handheld Digital Multimeter
User’s and Service Guide
3
Features and Functions
Dynamic Recording 46
Data Hold (Trigger Hold) 48
Refresh Hold 49
Null (Relative) 51
Decibel Display 53
1 ms Peak Hold 55
Data Logging 57
Manual Logging 57
Interval Logging 59
Reviewing Logged Data 61
Square Wave Output (for U1252B) 63
Remote Communication 67
This chapter contains detailed information on the features
and functions that are available in this meter.
Agilent Technologies
45
3
Features and Functions
Dynamic Recording
The Dynamic Recording mode detects intermittent turn on
or turn off voltage or current surges and verifies the
measuring performance without the user being present
during any particular period of time. You can take readings
simultaneously while performing other task.
Use the average reading procedure to even out unstable
inputs, estimating the percentage in time a circuit is
operated, and verifying the circuit performance. The
secondary display shows the time lapse. The maximum time
is 99,999 seconds. When this maximum time is exceeded, the
display indicates “OL”.
1 Press
for more than 1 second to enter Dynamic
Recording mode. The meter is now in continuous mode or
non- data hold (non- trigger) mode. “MAXMINAVG” and
present value of measurement are displayed. The beeper
sounds when a new maximum or minimum value is
recorded.
2 Press
to cycle through maximum, minimum,
average and present readings. The MAX, MIN, AVG and
MAXMINAVG indicators light up, corresponding to the
displayed readings.
3 Press
or
for more than 1 second to exit
Dynamic Recording mode.
N O TE
• Press
to restart the dynamic recording.
• The average value is the true average of all the measured values taken
in the Dynamic Recording mode. If an overload is recorded, the
averaging function will stop and the average value becomes
"OL"(overload).
is disabled in Dynamic Recording mode.
46
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Features and Functions
3
Press
to restart
Press Max Min
for > 1 sec
Press Max Min
Press Max Min for > 1 sec
or press
for > 1 sec
Press Max Min
Press Max Min for > 1 sec
or press
for > 1 sec
Press Max Min
Press Max Min for > 1 sec
or press
for > 1 sec
Figure 3-1 Dynamic recording mode operation
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
47
3
Features and Functions
Data Hold (Trigger Hold)
The data hold function allows the user to freeze the
displayed digital value.
1 Press
to freeze the displayed value and to enter the
manual trigger mode. TRIG
is displayed.
2 Press
again to freeze the next value being
measured. TRIG flashes before the new value is updated
on the display.
3 Press and hold
quit this mode.
or
for more than 1 second to
Press
Press
Measurement
update
Press
press
Figure 3-2
48
or
for > 1 sec.
Data hold mode operation
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Features and Functions
3
Refresh Hold
The hold function allows the user to hold the displayed
digital value. The bar- graph is not held, fix proportional to
real measurement value. Use the setup mode to activate the
Refresh Hold when working on a difficult measuring field.
This function will auto trigger or update the Hold value
with a new measuring value, and sound a tone to remind
the user.
Press
to enter the Refresh Hold mode. The present
value holds, and the sign
lights up. It is ready to hold
a new measuring value once the variation of measuring
value exceeds the setting of variation count, and the sign
flashes. The hold value is updated until the measuring
value is stable. Then
stops flashing, lights up and
sounds a tone to alert the user. Press
this function.
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
again to disable
49
Features and Functions
3
Press
Variation counts
> setting
The HOLD sign flashes
until the measured
value is stable and
updated
Measurement is
updated
Figure 3-3
N O TE
Refresh hold mode operation
• For voltage and current measurements, the holding value will not be
updated if the reading is below 500 counts.
• For resistance and diode measurements, the holding value will not be
updated if the reading is in “OL” (open state).
• The holding value may not be updated when the reading does not reach
a stable state for all measurements.
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
50
Features and Functions
3
Null (Relative)
The Null function subtracts a stored value from the present
measurement and displays the difference between the two.
1 Press
to store the displayed reading as the
reference value to be subtracted from subsequent
measurements and to set the display to zero. NULL
is displayed.
N O TE
Null can be set for both auto and manual range settings, but not in the
event of an overload.
2 Press
to see the stored reference value. NULL
flashes for 3 seconds before the display returns to zero.
3 To exit this mode, press
the display.
N O TE
while NULL is flashing on
• When taking a resistance measurement and the meter reads a
non-zero value due to the presence of test leads, use the Null function
to adjust the display to zero.
• When taking a DC voltage measurement, the thermal effect will
influence the accuracy. Short the test leads and press Null once the
displayed value is stable in order to zero out the display.
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
51
3
Features and Functions
Press
Press
Auto-return
after 3 seconds
Flash
Press
as NULL is
flashing on the display
Figure 3-4
52
Null (relative) mode operation
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Features and Functions
3
Decibel Display
The dBm operation calculates the power delivered to a
reference resistance relative to 1 mW, and can be applied to
DC V, AC V and AC + DC V measurements for decibel
conversion. The voltage measurement is converted to dBm by
using the following formula:
The reference resistance may be selected from 1~9999Ω in
Setup mode. The default value is 50 Ω.
The decibel of voltage is calculated with respect to 1 V. The
equation for the voltage measurement is as follows:
dBV = 20 log10 Vin
1 At the
press
,
or
rotary switch position,
to scroll to the dBm measurement on the primary
display. The secondary display indicates the AC voltage
measurement.
N O TE
If the rotary switch is at the “~ V” position, press
to switch
between the dBV and the dBm measurements. The dBm or the dBV
measurements can be selected at the ACV position. The selection will be
the reference for other voltage measurements.
2 Press
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
for more than 1 second to exit this mode.
53
3
Features and Functions
Press
Only when
rotary switch
is at
position
Press
Press
Press
for > 1 sec.
for > 1 sec.
Press
Press
Press
Only when
rotary switch
is at
position
Press
Press
Press
Figure 3-5
54
for > 1 sec.
dBm/dBV display mode operation
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Features and Functions
3
1 ms Peak Hold
This function allows the measurement of half- cycle peak
voltage for the the analysis of components such as power
distribution transformers and power factor correction
capacitors. The peak voltage obtained can be used to
determine the crest factor:
Crest factor = Peak value/True RMS value
1 Press
for more than 1 second to toggle 1 ms Peak
Hold mode ON / OFF.
2 Press
to scroll through maximum and minimum
peak readings.
MAX indicates the maximum peak,
while
MIN indicates the minimum peak.
N O TE
• If the reading is "OL", press
to change the measuring range
and to re-start the peak-recording measurement.
• If you need to re-start the peak recording, press
3 Press
this mode.
or
for more than 1 second to exit
4 According to the measurements in Figure 3- 6 on the next
page, the crest Factor will be 2.5048/1.768 =1.416.
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
55
3
Features and Functions
Press
for > 1 sec.
Press
Press
Start to capture
Press
Press
Start to capture
Figure 3-6
56
Press
1 ms peak hold mode operation
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Features and Functions
3
Data Logging
The Data logging function makes it easy to record test data
for future review or analysis. Since data are stored in the
non- volatile memory, they are retained when the meter is
turned OFF or when the battery is changed. There are two
options - hand (manual) logging and interval (automatic)
logging. Data logging records the values on primary display
only.
Manual Logging
Hand (Manual) logging can be specified in Setup mode.
1 Press
for more than 1 second to store the present
value and function on the primary display to the
non- volatile memory.
and the logging index are
indicated. The logging index flashes on the secondary
display for 3 seconds before returning to normal display.
2 Press
again to save the next value into the
permanent memory.
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
57
3
Features and Functions
Press
for > 1 sec.
Press
for > 1 sec.
Auto-return
after 3 seconds
Figure 3-7
N O TE
Hand (Manual) logging mode operation
The maximum data that can be stored is 100 entries. When the 100 entries
are filled, the secondary display indicates “FULL”, as shown in Figure 3-8.
Press
for > 1 sec.
Auto-return
after 3 seconds
Figure 3-8
3 Press
58
Full Log
for more than 1 second to exit this mode.
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Features and Functions
3
Interval Logging
Interval (automatic) logging mode can be specified in the
Setup mode.
1 Press
for more than 1 second to store the present
value and function on the primary display into the
non- volatile memory.
and the logging index are
indicated. The readings are automatically saved into the
permanent memory at intervals set using the Setup mode.
N O TE
The maximum data that can be stored is 200 entries. When the 200 entries
are filled, “FULL” is indicated on the secondary display.
2 Press
N O TE
for more than 1 second to exit this mode.
When interval (automatic) logging is enabled, all keypad operations are
disabled, except for the Log function.
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
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3
Features and Functions
Press
for > 1 sec.
First interval
Press
for > 1 sec.
Last interval
Press
for > 1 sec.
Last +1
interval
Stop
logging
Figure 3-9
60
Interval (Automatic) logging mode operation
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Features and Functions
3
Reviewing Logged Data
1 Press
for more than 1 second to enter the Log
Review mode. The last recorded entry and the last logging
index are displayed.
2 Press
to switch between hand (manual) and
interval (automatic) logging review mode.
3 Press
to ascend or
to descend through the logged
data. Press
to select the first record and press
to
select the last record for quick navigation.
4 Press
for more than 1 second at the respective Log
Review mode to clear logged data.
5 Press
for more than 1 second to exit mode.
During the data review in either manual or interval logging
mode, Press
logged values.
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
for more than one second to clear all the
61
3
Features and Functions
Press View
for > 1 sec.
Press
View
Press
Press
Press
Press
Press
Press
Press
Press
Press
View
Press
Press
Press
View
Press
Press
Press Log
for > 1 sec
to clear all
manual logs
Press Log
for > 1 sec
to clear all
interval logs
Press
View
Figure 3-10
62
Log review mode operation
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Features and Functions
3
Square Wave Output (for U1252B)
The square wave output is a unique function for many
applications, such as PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) output,
adjustable voltage control, and synchronic clock (baud rate
generator). You can also use this function to check and
calibrate flow- meter displays, counters, tachometers,
oscilloscopes, frequency converter, frequency transmitter and
other frequency input devices.
1 Turn the rotary switch to
position. The default
display setting is 600 Hz on the secondary display and
50% duty cycle on the primary display.
2 Press
or
to scroll through the available frequencies
(choose from the available 28 frequencies):
Frequency (Hz)
0.5, 1, 2, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 40, 50, 60, 75, 80, 100, 120, 150, 200, 240, 300, 400, 480, 600, 800, 1200, 1600,
2400, 4800
N O TE
Pressing
3 Press
display.
is the same as pressing
.
to select the duty cycle (ms) on the primary
4 Press
or
to adjust the duty cycle. Duty cycle can be
set for 256 steps and each step is 0.390625%. The display
only indicates the best resolution with 0.001%.
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3
Features and Functions
Press
Press
Press
Press
Set Hz
Figure 3-11 Frequency adjustment for square wave output
5 Press
display.
to select the pulse width (%) on the primary
6 Press
or
to adjust the pulse width. The pulse width
can be set for 256 steps and each step is 1/ (256 x
Frequency). The display range automatically adjusts in the
range of 9.9999~9999.9 ms.
64
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Features and Functions
3
Press
Press
Press
Press
Figure 3-12 Duty cycle adjustment for square wave output
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
65
3
Features and Functions
Press
Press
Set %
Press
Set %
Press
Figure 3-13 Pulse width adjustment for square wave
66
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Features and Functions
3
Remote Communication
The meter has a bi- directional (full duplex) communication
capability that speeds data storing from the meter to the PC.
To use this feature, you require the optional IR- USB cable,
to be used with an application software that is downloadable
from the Agilent Web site.
For details on performing PC- meter remote communication,
click on Help after launching the Agilent GUI Data Logger
Software.
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
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3
Features and Functions
To PC USB
Figure 3-14 Cable connection for remote communication
68
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Agilent U1251B and U1252B Handheld Digital Multimeter
User’s and Service Guide
4
Changing The Default Setting
Selecting Setup Mode 70
Setting Data Logging Mode 74
Setting Thermocouple Types (for U1252B) 75
Setting Reference Impedance for dBm Measurement 76
Setting Minimum Frequency Measurement 77
Setting Temperature Unit 78
Setting Auto Power Saving Mode 80
Setting % Scale Readout 82
Setting Beep Frequency 83
Setting Backlit Timer 84
Setting Baud Rate 85
Setting Parity Check 86
Setting Data Bit 87
Setting Echo Mode 88
Setting Print Mode 89
Returning to Default Factory Settings 90
Setting the Battery Voltage 91
Setting the DC Filter 92
This chapter describes how to change the default settings of
the handheld digital multimeter, which includes data logging
and other setting features.
Agilent Technologies
69
4
Changing The Default Setting
Selecting Setup Mode
To enter the Setup mode, perform the following steps:
1 Turn the meter OFF.
2 From the OFF position, press and hold
while
turning the rotary switch to any non- OFF position.
N O TE
When you hear a beep, the meter is in Setup mode and you can release
.
To change a menu item setting in Setup mode, perform the
following steps:
1 Press
or
to scroll through the menu items.
2 Press
or
to scroll through the available settings.
See Table 3, “Available setting options in Setup mode,” for
details of available options.
3 Press
to save changes. These parameters will
remain in the non- volatile memory.
4 Press
70
for more than 1 second to exit Setup mode.
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Changing The Default Setting
4
Table 4-1 Available setting options in Setup mode
Menu item
Available setting options
Display
Description
Display
rHoLd (1)
Refresh Hold
OFF
100–1000
d-LoG
Data logging
Hand
1–9999 s (2)
t.CoUP
Thermocouple
Description
Enables Data Hold (manual trigger)
Enables manual data logging
Sets the thermocouple type to K-type
tYPE (3)
Sets the thermocouple type to J-type
Reference impedance
for dBm measurement
1–9999 Ω (2)
FrEq
Minimum frequency
that can be measured
0.5 Hz, 1 Hz, 2 Sets the minimum frequency that can be meaHz, 5 Hz
sured
APF
Auto power off
OFF
bEEP
Sets the reference impedance for dBm measurement
Sets the timer for auto power off
tYPE
50 Ω
0.5 Hz
10 m
Disables auto power off
Percentage scale
0–20 mA, 4–20 Sets the % scale readout
mA
4–20 mA
Frequency of beep
sound of meter
2400 Hz, 1200 Sets the frequency of the meter’s beep sound
Hz, 600 Hz,
300 Hz
2400 Hz
OFF
b-Lit
Hand
Sets the interval for automatic data logging
rEF
PErnt
500
Sets the variation count that determines Refresh
Hold (auto trigger)
tYPE
1–99 m
Default factory
setting
Backlit display
Disables the meter’s beep sound
1–99 s
Sets the timer for the auto turn-off for the backlit
display
OFF
Disables the auto turn-off for the backlit display
30 s
bAUd
Baud rate
2400 Hz, 4800 Sets the baud rate for the remote communication
Hz, 9600 Hz, (remote control with PC)
19200 Hz
9600 Hz
PArtY
Parity check
En, Odd, nOnE Sets the even, odd or no parity check for the
remote communication (remote control with PC)
nOnE
dAtAb
Data bits
ECHO
Echo
7-bit, 8-bit
Sets the data bit length for the remote communication (remote control with PC)
8-bit
On, OFF
Enables the return of characters to the PC when
set to On
OFF
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4
Changing The Default Setting
Available setting options
Menu item
Display
Default factory
setting
Description
Display
Description
Print
Print
On, OFF
Enables auto send of data to the PC continuously
when set to On
OFF
rESEt
Reset
dEFAU
Enables the reset of factory settings by pressing
dEFAU
and holding
Temperature (4)
d-CF
Sets the temperature measurement to °C but
pressing
Sets the temperature measurement to °F
d-FC
Sets the temperature measurement to °F but
d-C
Battery voltage
FiLtE
DC filter
7.2 V, 8.4 V
On, OFF
N O TE
d-C
swaps the display to °F
d-F
pressing
bAtt
for more than 1 second
swaps display to °C
Sets the temperature measurement to °C
Selects battery voltage to either 7.2 V or 8.4 V
7.2 V
Enables DC filter when set to On
OFF
1 This is the first display once the meter enters the Setup mode.
2 For d-LoG and rEF menu items, press
to select the digit to be adjusted.
3 J-type thermocouple applies to U1252B.
4 To view the
72
menu item, press
for more than 1 second.
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Changing The Default Setting
4
Setting Data Hold/Refresh Hold Mode
1 Set OFF to enable the Data Hold mode (manual trigger by
key or bus via the remote control).
2 Set the variation count within the 100~1000 range to
enable the Refresh Hold mode (automatic trigger). When
the variation of the measuring value exceeds the setting of
the variation count, the Refresh Hold will be ready to
trigger.
Press
Press
Press
Press
Press
Figure 4-1
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Data hold/Refresh hold setup
73
4
Changing The Default Setting
Setting Data Logging Mode
1 Set to “Hand” to enable the hand (manual) data logging
mode.
2 Set the interval within 0001~9999 seconds to enable
interval (automatic) data logging mode.
3 Press
or
to switch between manual and interval
data logging setup.
Press
Press
or
Press
to
set interval
Press
Press
Press
Figure 4-2
74
Data logging setup
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Changing The Default Setting
4
Setting Thermocouple Types (for U1252B)
The types of thermocouple sensor that can be selected are
the J and the K types. The default type is the K type. Press
or
to switch between the J and the K type.
Press
Figure 4-3
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Thermocouple type setup
75
4
Changing The Default Setting
Setting Reference Impedance for dBm Measurement
The reference impedance can be set from 1 to 9999
default value is 50 W.
W
. The
Press
Press
Press
Press
Figure 4-4
76
Reference impedance for dBm measurement setup
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Changing The Default Setting
4
Setting Minimum Frequency Measurement
The minimum frequency setup influences the measuring
rates for frequency, duty cycle, and pulse width. The typical
measuring rate defined at the general specification is based
on the minimum frequency of 1 Hz.
Press
Press
Press
Press
Press
Figure 4-5
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Minimum frequency setup
77
4
Changing The Default Setting
Setting Temperature Unit
Four combination displays are available:
• Celsius only (°C on primary display) single display setting
• Celsius- Fahrenheit (d- CF) and Fahrenheit- Celsius (d- FC)
dual display setting.
N O TE
Primary-Secondary Display can be swapped by pressing
.
• Fahrenheit only (°F on primary display) single display
setting.
78
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Changing The Default Setting
4
Press
Press
Press
Press
Press
Figure 4-6
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Temperature unit setup
79
4
Changing The Default Setting
Setting Auto Power Saving Mode
• The timer for APF (Auto Power OFF) can be set for the
range of 1~99 minutes. To activate the meter after it has
“auto power off”, turn the rotary switch to the OFF
position, then turn it back on again.
• “OFF” disables APF.
is indicated on the display
during subsequent measurements.
80
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Changing The Default Setting
4
Press
Press
Press
Press
Press
Figure 4-7
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Auto power saving setup
81
4
Changing The Default Setting
Setting % Scale Readout
This setting converts the DC current measuring display to %
scale readout — 4- 20 mA or 0- 20 mA as proportional to
0~100%. The 25% scale readout represents DC 8 mA at 4- 20
mA and DC 5 mA at 0- 20 mA.
Press
Figure 4-8
82
% scale readout setup
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Changing The Default Setting
4
Setting Beep Frequency
• The driving frequency can be set to 2400, 1200, 600 or
300 Hz. “OFF” disables beep.
Press
Press
Press
Press
Press
Figure 4-9
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Press
Beep frequency setup
83
4
Changing The Default Setting
Setting Backlit Timer
• The timer can be set to 1~99 seconds. Backlit turns off
automatically after the set period.
• “0FF” disables turning off backlit automatically.
Press
Press
Press
Press
Press
Figure 4-10 Backlit timer setup
84
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Changing The Default Setting
4
Setting Baud Rate
Select the baud rate for remote control. The available
settings are 2400, 4800, 9600 and 19200 Hz.
Press
Press
Press
Press
Press
Figure 4-11 Baud rate setup remote control
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
85
4
Changing The Default Setting
Setting Parity Check
Select the parity check for remote control. It can be set to
none, even or odd bit.
Press
Press
Press
Press
Figure 4-12 Parity check setup
86
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Changing The Default Setting
4
Setting Data Bit
Select the data bit for remote control. It can be set to either
8 or 7 bits.
Press
Figure 4-13
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Data bit setup for remote control
87
4
Changing The Default Setting
Setting Echo Mode
• Echo ON enables the return of characters to the PC in
remote communication.
• Echo OFF disables the return of characters to the PC.
Press
Figure 4-14 Echo mode setup for remote control
88
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Changing The Default Setting
4
Setting Print Mode
Print ON enables the print out of measured data to the PC
when the measuring cycle is completed. In this mode, the
meter automatically sends the newest data to the host
continuously but does not accept any commands from
thehost.
flashes during the Print operation.
Press
Figure 4-15 Print mode setup for remote control
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
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4
Changing The Default Setting
Returning to Default Factory Settings
• Press
for more than 1 second to reset to the
default factory settings except the Temperature setting.
• The Reset menu item automatically reverts to Refresh
Hold menu item after reset has taken place.
Press
for > 1 sec.
Figure 4-16 Reset setup
90
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Changing The Default Setting
4
Setting the Battery Voltage
The battery type for the multimeter can be set to either 7.2
V or 8.4 V.
Press
Figure 4-17 Battery voltage selection
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
91
4
Changing The Default Setting
Setting the DC Filter
This setting is used to filter AC signal in DC measuring
path. The DC filter is set to “OFF” by default. To enable this
function, set this to “On”.
Press
Figure 4-18 DC filter
N O TE
• When DC filter is enabled, the measurement speed may decrease
during DC voltage measurement.
• During AC or Hz measurement (on primary or secondary display), DC
filter will be automatically disabled.
92
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Agilent U1251B and U1252B Handheld Digital Multimeter
User’s and Service Guide
5
Maintenance
Introduction 94
General Maintenance 94
Replacing the Battery 95
Charging the Battery 97
Replacing the Fuse 103
Troubleshooting 105
This chapter helps you to troubleshoot a failing handheld
digital multimeter.
Agilent Technologies
93
5
Maintenance
Introduction
Repair or service which is not covered in this manual should
only be performed by a qualified personnel.
General Maintenance
WARN IN G
Ensure that the terminal connections are correct for that particular
measurement before proceeding. To avoid damaging the device, do not
exceed the input limit.
Besides the above hazard, dirt or moisture in the terminals
can distort readings. The steps for cleaning are as follows:
1 Turn the meter off and remove the test leads.
2 Turn the meter over and shake out any dirt that may
have accumulated in the terminals.
3 Wipe the case with a damp cloth and a mild detergent —
do not use abrasives or solvents. Wipe the contacts in
each terminal with a clean swab dipped in alcohol.
94
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Maintenance
5
Replacing the Battery
WARN IN G
Never discharge the battery by shorting it or by reverse polarity in any
subjects. Make sure that the battery is the rechargeable type before
charging it. Never rotate the rotary switch when the battery is being
charged as DC at 24 V is being applied to the charging terminals.
The meter is powered by a 7.2 V battery. Use only the
specified type. To ensure that the correct battery type is
used, replace the battery immediately when the low battery
sign flashes. If your meter has the rechargeable battery type,
refer to the section “Charging The Battery”. The procedures
for battery replacement are listed below:
1 At the rear panel, turn the screw on the battery cover
from the LOCK to the OPEN position (counterclockwise).
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
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5
Maintenance
2 Slide down the battery cover.
3 Lift the battery cover up.
4 Replace the specified battery.
5 Reverse the above procedures to close the cover.
N O TE
List of compatible batteries for the Agilent U1251B :
• 9V Alkaline non-chargeable battery (ANSI/NEDA 1604A or IEC 6LR61)
• 9V Carbon-zinc non-chargeable battery (ANSI/NEDA 1604D or IEC6F22)
List of compatible batteries for the Agilent U1252B :
• 7.2V 300mAH Ni-MH Rechargeable battery, 9V size
• 8.4V 300mAH Ni-MH rechargeable battery, 9V size
• 9V Alkaline non-chargeable battery (ANSI/NEDA 1604A or IEC 6LR61)
• 9V Carbon-zinc non-chargeable battery (ANSI/NEDA 1604D or IEC6F22)
96
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Maintenance
5
Charging the Battery
WARN IN G
Never discharge the battery by shorting it or by reverse polarity in any
subjects. Make sure the battery is the rechargeable type before charging
it. Never rotate the rotary switch when the battery is being charged as DC
at 24 V is being applied to the charging terminals.
CAU T ION
• Do not rotate the rotary switch from
charging the battery.
position when
• Perform battery charging only with 7.2 V or 8.4 V NiMH
rechargeable battery, 9 V size.
• Disconnect test leads from all the terminals when charging
the battery.
• Ensure proper insertion of battery in the multimeter, and follow the
correct polarity.
N O TE
For the battery charger, the mains supply voltage should not fluctuate by
plus or minus 10%.
This meter is powered by a 7.2 V NiMH rechargeable battery.
Use the specified accessory, the 24 V DC adaptor to charge
the battery. Remember never to turn the rotary switch of
the meter when its battery is being charged. Use the
following procedures to charge the battery:
1 Remove and disconnect the test leads from the meter.
2 Turn the rotary switch to the
the power cord to the DC adapter.
position. Connect
3 Plug the Red (+)/ Black (- ) banana terminals of the DC
adapter to the
and the “COM” terminals
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5
Maintenance
respectively. The DC adaptor can be replaced with a DC
power supply in order to set the 24 V DC output and the
over current limitation to a value more than 0.5 A.
Ensure that the polarity of the connection is correct.
4 The primary display indicates “bAt” and the ‘SbY” flashes
on the secondary display and a short tone sounds to
remind you whether to charge the battery or not. Press
Shift to start charging the battery, or the meter will
automatically start the self- test after the 24 V supply is
applied. We recommend not to charge the battery if its
capacity is over 90%.
Condition
Battery Voltage
Proportional Percentage
Trickle (SBY)
6.0 V ~ 8.2 V
0% ~ 100%
Under charging
7.2 V ~ 10.0 V
0% ~ 100%
Figure 5-1
98
Battery capacity display as trickle
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Maintenance
5
5 After pressing Shift or when the self- test starts, the meter
performs a self- test to check if the battery in the meter is
the rechargeable type. The self- test takes about 2 to 3
minutes. Avoid pressing any button during the self- test. A
message is diplayed as shown below.
Figure 5-2
Error Condition
Self test
Secondary Display
OL
• No battery in the meter
• Battery failing
• Battery is full
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
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5
Maintenance
Error Condition
Secondary Display
C-Err
• No rechargeable battery
inside
• Battery failing
Figure 5-3
N O TE
Error messages
• If the OL message appears while the battery is inside, do not charge the battery.
• If the C-Err message appears, check if the battery is the specified type. Use the
battery as specified in this guide. Ensure that the battery is the correct
rechargeable type before charging it again. After replacing with the correct
rechargeable battery, press Shift to perform the self-test again. If the C-Err
message reappears, replace with a new battery,
The smart charging mode will start if the meter passes the
self- test. The charging time is limited to not more than 220
minutes. The secondary display will count down the charging
time. During charging, no buttons can be pressed. The error
message may appear during charging to alert any
overcharging of the battery.
100
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Maintenance
Figure 5-4
5
Charging mode
6 The charge end message (C–End) appears on the
secondary display once charging is completed. The trickle
charging current is provided to maintain the battery
capacity. The flashing signs of
and
appear to
show the trickle state.
7 Remove the DC adapter when the C–End message appears
on the secondary display. Do not turn the rotary switch
before removing the adapter from the terminals.
Figure 5-5
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Charge end and trickle state
101
5
Maintenance
Press
to start charge
Error
Error-Full
Error-Empty
Battery can be
charged
Fully charged
Figure 5-6
102
Battery charging procedures
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Maintenance
5
Replacing the Fuse
N O TE
This manual provides only the fuse replacement procedures, but not the
fuse replacement markings.
Follow the procedures below to replace the fuse.
1 Turn the meter off and disconnect the test leads from the
external equipment. Make sure to remove the adaptor.
2 Wear clean/dry gloves and do not touch any other
component except the fuse and plastic parts. The current
calibration is considered shunt only, so do not recalibrate
the meter after replacing the fuse.
3 Remove the battery cover compartment to replace the
fuse.
4 Loosen the two screws on the bottom case and remove
the cover.
5 Loosen the two screws on the top corners to lift the
circuit board.
6 Gently remove the defective fuse by prying one end of the
fuse loose and removing it out of the fuse bracket.
7 Replace with a new fuse of the same size and rating.
Make sure the new fuse is centered in the fuse holder.
8 Ensure that the rotary switch on the top case and the
circuit board switch stay on the OFF position.
9 Then re- fasten the circuit board and the bottom cover.
10 Refer to the table below for the part number, rate and
size of the fuses.
Fuse
Agilent Part Number
Rating
Size
Type
1
2110-1400
440mA/1000V
10 mm x 35 mm
Fast blow Fuse
2
2110-1402
11A/1000V
10 mm x 38 mm
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
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5
Maintenance
Fuse 1
Fuse 2
Figure 5-7 Fuse replacement
104
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Maintenance
5
Troubleshooting
WARN IN G
To avoid electrical shock, do not perform any service unless you are
qualified to do so.
If the instrument fails to operate, check the battery and the
test leads. Replace them if necessary. And if the instrument
still does not function, check the operating procedures in
this manual. When servicing, use only specified replacement
parts. The table below will assist you to identify some basic
problems.
Malfunction
Identification
No LCD display after power ON
• Check the battery. Charge or replace it.
No beeper tone
• Check the setup mode to verify if the beeper is set to OFF. Then select the
desired driving frequency.
Fail on current measurement
• Check the fuse.
No charging indication
• Check the external adaptor to verify if the output is DC 24 V and the
adaptor is plugged into the charging terminals completely.
• Line power voltage (100V~240V AC 50Hz/ 60Hz)
Fail on Remote control
• Check that the optical side of the cable is connected to the meter and the
text side of the cover is up.
• Check the baud rate, parity, Data bit, Stop bit (default is 9600, n, 8, 1)
• Driver install for IR-USB.
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
105
5
106
Maintenance
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Agilent U1251B and U1252B Handheld Digital Multimeter
User’s and Service Guide
6
Performance Tests and Calibration
Calibration Overview 108
Recommended Test Equipment 110
Basic Operating Test 111
Test Considerations 114
Performance Verification Tests 116
Calibration Security 124
Calibration Process 128
Adjustments Consideration 130
This chapter contains the performance test procedures and
the adjustment procedures. The performance test procedures
allow you to verify that the handheld digital multimeter is
operating within its published specifications.
Agilent Technologies
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6
Performance Tests and Calibration
Calibration Overview
This manual contains procedures to verify the instrument’s
performance and adjustment (calibration).
N O TE
Make sure you have read the “Test Considerations” on page 114 before
calibrating the instrument.
Closed-case Electronic Calibration
This instrument features closed- case electronic calibration.
No internal mechanical adjustments are required. The
instrument calculates correction factors based upon the
input reference value you set. The new correction factors are
stored in the non- volatile memory until the next calibration
adjustment is performed. The non- volatile EEPROM
calibration memory is retained when the power is off.
Agilent Technologies Calibration Services
When your instrument is due for calibration, contact your
local Agilent Service Center for a low- cost recalibration.
Calibration Interval
A 1- year interval is adequate for most applications. Accuracy
specifications are warranted only if adjustment is made at
regular calibration intervals. Accuracy specifications are not
warranted beyond the 1- year calibration interval. Agilent
does not recommend extending calibration intervals beyond
2 years for any application.
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Performance Tests and Calibration
6
Adjustment is Recommended
Specifications are only guaranteed within the period stated
from the last adjustment. Agilent recommends that
readjustment should be performed during the calibration
process for best performance. This will assure that the
U1251B/U1252B will remain within the specifications for the
next calibration interval. This criterion for the re- adjustment
provides the best long–term stability.
Performance data are measured during the Performance
Verification Tests but this does not guarantee that the
instrument will remain within these limits unless the
adjustments are performed.
Refer to the section “To Read the Calibration Count” on
page 139 and verify that all the adjustments have been
performed.
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
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6
Performance Tests and Calibration
Recommended Test Equipment
The test equipment recommended for the performance
verification and adjustment procedures is listed below. If the
exact instrument is not available, substitute calibration
standards of equivalent accuracy.
A suggested alternative method would be to use the Agilent
3458A 8½ - Digit Digital Multimeter to measure less accurate
yet stable sources. The output value measured from the
source can be entered into the instrument as the target
calibration value.
Table 6-1 Recommended Test Equipment
Application
110
Recommended Equipment
Recommended Accuracy Requirements
DC Voltage
Fluke 5520A
<1/5 instrument 1 year spec
DC Current
Fluke 5520A
<1/5 instrument 1 year spec
Resistance
Fluke 5520A
<1/5 instrument 1 year spec
AC Voltage
Fluke 5520A
<1/5 instrument 1 year spec
AC Current
Fluke 5520A
<1/5 instrument 1 year spec
Frequency
Agilent 33250A
<1/5 instrument 1 year spec
Capacitance
Fluke 5520A
<1/5 instrument 1 year spec
Duty Cycle
Fluke 5520A
<1/5 instrument 1 year spec
Nanosiemens
Fluke 5520A
<1/5 instrument 1 year spec
Diode
Fluke 5520A
<1/5 instrument 1 year spec
Frequency
Counter
Agilent 33250A
<1/5 instrument 1 year spec
Temperature
Fluke 5520A
<1/5 instrument 1 year spec
Square Wave
Agilent 53131A and Agilent 34401A
<1/5 instrument 1 year spec
Short
Shorting Plug - Dual banana plug with copper
wire short between 2 terminal
<1/5 instrument 1 year spec
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Performance Tests and Calibration
6
Basic Operating Test
The Basic Operating Test is to test the basic operability of
the instrument. Repair is required if the instrument fails the
Basic Operating Test.
Backlit Test
Press the Bat button to test the backlight. It will
momentarily toggle backlit ON and OFF.
Testing the Display
Press the Hold button and turn on the Meter to view all
segments of the display. Compare the display with the
example in Table 6- 1.
Figure 6-1
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
LCD display
111
6
Performance Tests and Calibration
Current Terminal Test
This test determines if the input warning of the current
terminal test is functioning properly.
The meter sounds an alert beep when the test lead is
inserted into the A terminal but the rotary switch is not set
to mA.A function. The primary display will indicate “A- Err”.
It is shown in Figure 55. The primary display will keep
flashing unless the test lead is removed from “A” terminal.
N O TE
Before conducting this test, make sure the beep function is not disabled in
setup.
Figure 6-2
112
Input warning
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Performance Tests and Calibration
6
Charge Terminal Alert Test
This test determines if the charge terminal alert is operating
properly.
The meter sounds an alert when the
terminal
detects a voltage level of more than 5 V and the rotary
switch is not set to the
position. The meter sounds
an alert beep and the primary display flashes the “Ch.Err”
until the lead is removed from the
terminal.
Figure 6-3
N O TE
Charge terminal alert
Before conducting this test, make sure the beep function is not disabled at
setup.
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6
Performance Tests and Calibration
Test Considerations
Long test leads can also act as antennas which may pick up
AC signals.
For optimum performance, all procedures should comply
with the following recommendations:
• Ensure that the calibration ambient temperature is stable
and is between 18 °C and 28 °C. Ideally the calibration
should be performed at 23 °C ± 1 °C.
• Ensure that the ambient relative humidity is less than
80%.
• Allow a warm- up period of five minutes with a Shorting
Plug connected to the V and COM input terminals.
• Use shielded twisted pair Teflon- insulated cables to
reduce settling and noise errors. Keep the input cables as
short as possible.
• Connect the input cable shields to earth ground. Except
where noted in the procedures, connect the calibrator LO
source to earth ground at the calibrator. It is important
that the LO to earth ground connection be made at only
one place in the circuit to avoid ground loops.
Please ensure that the calibration standards and test
procedures used do not introduce additional errors. Ideally,
the standards used to verify and adjust the instrument
should be of an order of magnitude more accurate than each
instrument range full- scale error specification.
For the DC voltage, DC current, and resistance gain
verification measurements, ensure that the calibrator's "0"
output is correct. You will need to set the offset for each
range of the measuring function being verified.
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6
Input Connections
Test connections to the instrument are best accomplished
using the dual banana plug with copper wire short between
the two terminals for low- thermal offset measurement. We
recommend the use of shielded, twisted- pair, Teflon
interconnect cables of minimum length between the
calibrator and the multimeter. The cable shields should be
earth ground referenced. This configuration is recommended
to attain optimal noises and settling time performance
during calibration.
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6
Performance Tests and Calibration
Performance Verification Tests
Use the Performance Verification Tests to verify the
easurement performance of the instrument. The performance
verification tests use the instrument’s specifications listed in
the U1251B/U1252B Data Sheet.
The performance verification tests are recommended as
acceptance tests when you first receive the instrument. The
acceptance test results should be compared against the one
year test limits. After acceptance, you should repeat the
performance verification tests at every calibration interval.
If the multimeter fails the performance verification tests,
adjustment or repair is required.
N O TE
116
Make sure you have read the “Test Considerations” on page 114 before
doing the performance verification tests.
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Performance Tests and Calibration
6
Perform the verification test steps in the following Table 6- 2:
Table 6-2 Verification Test
Step
Test Function
Range
5520A Output
Error from nominal 1 year
U1251B
1
Turn the rotary switch to the
position
5V
U1252B
5 V, 1 kHz
± 32.5 mV
± 22.5 mV
5 V, 10 kHz
± 52.5 mV
± 32.5 mV
5 V, 20 kHz
N/A
± 79.0 mV
5 V, 30 kHz
± 84 mV
N/A
5 V,100 kHz
N/A
± 187mV
50 V,1 kHz
± 325 mV
± 225 mV
50 V,10 kHz
± 525 mV
± 225 mV
50 V, 20 kHz
N/A
± 790 mV
50 V, 30 kHz
± 840 mV
N/A
50 V, 100 kHz
N/A
± 1.87 V
500 V, 1 kHz
± 3.25 V
± 2.25 V
500 V, 10 kHz
± 5.25 V
± 2.25V
1000 V
1000 V, 1 kHz
± 10 V
± 8.0 V
[1]
50 V
500 V
2
Press
button to go to
frequency mode
9.9999kHz
0.48 V, 1 kHz
± 500 mHz
± 500 mHz
3
Press
button to go to
Duty Cycle mode
0.01% – 99.99%
5.0 Vpp @
50%, Square
Wave, 50 Hz
± 0.315%
± 0.315%
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6
Performance Tests and Calibration
Step
Test Function
Range
5520A Output
Error from nominal 1 year
U1251B
4
Turn the rotary switch to
U1252B
5V
5V
± 2 mV
±1.75 mV
50 V
50 V
± 20 mV
± 17.5 mV
500 V
500 V
± 200 mV
± 200 mV
1000 V
1000 V
± 800 mV
± 800 mV
5V
5 V,1 kHz
N/A
± 22.5 mV
5 V, 10 kHz
N/A
± 32.5 mV
5 V, 20 kHz
N/A
± 79.0 mV
5 V, 100 kHz
N/A
± 187 mV
50 V, 1 kHz
N/A
± 225 mV
50 V, 10 kHz
N/A
± 225 mV
50 V, 20 kHz
N/A
± 790 mV
50 V, 100 kHz
N/A
± 1.87 V
500 V, 1 kHz
N/A
± 2.25 V
500 V, 10 kHz
N/A
± 2.25 V
1000 V, 1 kHz
N/A
± 8.0 V
position (for model U1252B), to
position (for model
U1251B)
5
Press
button to go to the
V mode [1]
50 V
500 V
1000 V
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Performance Tests and Calibration
Step
Test Function
Range
5520A Output
Error from nominal 1 year
U1251B
6
Turn the rotary switch to the
position
7
Press
the
button to go to
[2]
U1252B
± 75 μV [2]
50 mV
50 mV
± 75 μV
500 mV
500 mV
± 0.2 mV
± 0.175 mV
–500 mV
± 0.2 mV
± 0.175 mV
1000 mV
± 0.8 mV
± 0.75 mV
–1000 mV
± 0.8 mV
± 0.75 mV
50 mV, 1 kHz
± 0.34 mV
± 0.24 mV
50 mV, 10 kHz
± 0.54 mV
± 0.39 mV
50 mV, 20 kHz
N/A
± 0.415 mV
50 mV, 30 kHz
± 0.86 mV
N/A
50 mV, 100 kHz
N/A
± 1.87 mV
500 mV, 45 Hz
± 5.6 mV
± 8.1 mV
500 mV, 1 kHz
± 3.25 mV
± 2.25 mV
500 mV, 10 kHz
± 5.4 mV
± 2.25 mV
500 mV, 20 kHz
N/A
± 4.15 mV
500 mV, 30 kHz
± 8.6 mV
N/A
500 mV, 100 kHz
N/A
± 18.7 mV
1000 mV, 1 kHz
± 8.5 mV
± 6.5 mV
1000 mV, 10 kHz
± 12.5 mV
± 6.5 mV
1000 mV, 20 kHz
N/A
± 11.5 mV
1000 mV, 30 kHz
± 20.0 mV
N/A
1000 mV, 100 kHz
N/A
± 47.0 mV
1000 mV
50 mV
6
mV mode [1]
500 mV
1000 mV
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6
Performance Tests and Calibration
Step
Test Function
Range
5520A Output
Error from nominal 1 year
U1251B
8
Turn the rotary switch to the W
position
9
Press
mode
button to go to ns
10
Turn the rotary switch to the Hz/
position (for model
U1252B), to
position (for
model U1251B)
U1252B
500 W
500 W
± 500 mW [3]
± 350 mW [3]
5 kW
5 kW
± 4.5 W [3]
± 3 W [3]
50 kW
50 kW
± 45 W
± 30 W
500 kW
500 kW
± 450 W
± 300 W
5 MW
5 MW
± 10.5 kW
± 8 kW
50 MW [4]
50 MW
± 0.510 MW
± 0.505 MW
500 MW
500 MW
N/A
± 40.1 MW
500 nS [5]
50 nS
± 0.7 nS
± 0.6 nS
Diode
1V
± 1 mV
± 1 mV
N/A
± 52 Hz
N/A
± 5.2 kHz
33250A Output
11
12
Press
button to go to
frequency counter mode [6]
999.99 kHz
Press
button to go to
frequency counter mode divide by
100
99.999 MHz
200 mVrms,
100 kHz
600 mVrms,
10 MHz
5520A Output
13
120
Turn the rotary switch to the
position [7]
/
10.000 nF
10.000 nF
± 0.108 nF
± 0.108 nF
100.00 nF
100.00 nF
± 1.05 nF
± 1.05 nF
1000.0 nF
1000.0 nF
± 10.5 nF
± 10.5 nF
10.000 μF
10.000 μF
± 0.105 μF
± 0.105 μF
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Performance Tests and Calibration
Step
Test Function
Range
5520A Output
Error from nominal 1 year
U1251B
14
Press
button to go to
mode[8]
15
16
Turn the rotary swich to the
position
Press
button to go to
6
U1252B
100.00 μF
100.00 μF
± 1.05 μF
± 1.05 μF
1000.0 μF
1000.0 μF
± 10.5 μF
± 10.5 μF
10.00 mF
10.00 mF
± 0.105 mF
± 0.105 mF
100.00 mF
10.00 mF
± 0.4 mF
± 0.4 mF
–200 ºC until
1372 ºC
0 ºC
± 3 ºC
± 3 ºC
100 ºC
± 3.3 ºC
± 3.3 ºC
500 μA
500 μA
± 0.55 μA[9]
± 0.3 μA[9]
5000 μA
5000 μA
± 5.5 μA[9]
± 3 μA[9]
500 μA
500 μA, 1 kHz
± 4.2 μA
± 3.7 μA
500 μA, 20 kHz
± 15.8 μA
± 3.95 μA
5000 μA, 1 kHz
± 42 μA
± 37.0 μA
5000 μA, 20 kHz
± 0.156 mA
± 39.5 μA
50 mA
50 mA
± 0.105 mA[9]
± 80 μA[9]
440 mA
400 mA
± 0.93 mA[9]
± 0.71 mA[9]
50 mA
50 mA, 1 kHz
± 0.42 mA
± 0.37 mA
50 mA, 20 kHz
± 1.56 mA
± 0.395 mA
400 mA, 45 Hz
± 6.4 mA
± 4.2 mA
400 mA, 1 kHz
± 3.4 mA
± 3.0 mA
µA mode [1]
5000 μA
17
18
Turn the rotary switch to the
position
Press
button to go to
mA mode [1]
440 mA
Caution: Connect the calibrator to handheld multimeter's A and COM terminals before applying 5A and 10A
5A
5A
± 16 mA
± 16 mA
10 A[10]
10 A
± 40 mA
± 35 mA
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Performance Tests and Calibration
Step
Test Function
Range
5520A Output
Error from nominal 1 year
U1251B
19
Press
button to go to
U1252B
5A
5 A, 1 kHz
± 42 mA
± 37 mA
3A
3 A, 5 kHz
± 96 mA
± 96 mA
10 A[11]
10 A, 1 kHz
± 100 mA
± 90 mA
Square Wave
Output
Use 53131A
120 Hz @ 50%
N/A
± 26 mHz
4800 Hz @ 50%
N/A
± 260 mHz
100 Hz @ 50%
N/A
± 0.398%[12]
100 Hz @ 25%
N/A
± 0.398%[12]
100 Hz @ 75%
N/A
± 0.398%[12]
N/A
± 0.2V
A mode
20
Turn the rotary switch to the
position
Duty Cycle
Use 34410A
Amplitude
4800 Hz @
99.609%
[1] The additional error to be added as frequency > 20 kHz and signal input <
10% of range: 300 counts of LSD per kHz.
[2] The accuracy could be 0.05% + 10, always use relative function to zero
thermal effect (short test leads) before measuring the signal.
[3] The accuracy of 500 W and 5kW is specified after the Null function.
[4] For range of 50 MW/500 MW, the RH is specified for < 60%.
[5] The accuracy is specified for < 50nS and after Null function as open test
lead.
[6] All frequency counters are susceptible to error when measuring low voltage,
low-frequency signals. Shielding inputs from external noise pickup is critical for
minimizing measurement errors.
[7] Use the Null mode to zero residual
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6
[8] The accuracy does not include the tolerance of the thermocouple probe.
The thermal sensor plugged into the meter should be placed in the operating
enviroment for at least an hour.
Use the Null function to reduce the thermal effect.
[9] Always use relative function to zero the thermal effect with open test lead
before measuring the signal.
If you do not use Relation function, add 20 digits for accuracy purposes.
[10] 10A continuous, and additional 0.5% to specified accuracy when measuring
a signal greater than 10 A~20 A for 30 seconds maximum.
After measured current for > 10 A, to cool down the meter for twice the
measuring time you applied before low current measurement.
[11] The current can be measuring from 2.5A to 10A continuous, and the
additional of 0.5% to specified accuracy as measure the signal greater than
10A~20A for 30 seconds maximum.
After measured current for > 10A, to cool down the meter for 2 times of
measuring time you applied before low current measurement
[12] For signal frequency greater than 1 kHz, additional 0.1% per kHz to be
added to accuracy
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6
Performance Tests and Calibration
Calibration Security
The calibration security code prevents accidental or
unauthorized adjustments to the instrument. When you first
receive your instrument, it is secured. Before you can adjust
the instrument, you must unsecure it by entering the correct
security code (see “Unsecuring the Instrument for
Calibration” on page 125).
The security code is set to 1234 when the instrument is
shipped from the factory. This code is stored in non- volatile
memory, and does not change when power is turned off .
N O TE
You can unsecure the instrument from the front panel. The security code
can only be changed from the front panel and from the remote interface
after the instrument has been unsecured.
The security code may contain up to 4 numeric characters.
N O TE
124
See “To Unsecure the Instrument Without the Security Code” on page 127
if you forget your security code.
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Performance Tests and Calibration
6
Unsecuring the Instrument for Calibration
Before you can adjust the instrument, you must unsecure it
by entering the correct security code. The security code is
set to 1234 when the instrument is shipped from the
factory. The security code is stored in non- volatile memory,
and does not change when power is off.
To Unsecure the Instrument from the Front Panel
1 Turn the rotary switch to
.
2 Press
and
button simultaneously to enter
the Calibration Security Code entry mode.
3 The primary display shows 5555 and the secondary
display show SECUr.
4 Use the editing keys
character in the code.
Use the
5 Press
and
and
to step each
to select each character.
(Save) when done.
6 If the correct security code is entered, the secondary
display will show PASS.
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6
Performance Tests and Calibration
To Change the Instrument Calibration Security Code from the
Front Panel
1 When the multimeter is in the unsecured mode, press
for more than 1 second to enter the Calibration
Security Code setting mode.
2 The factory default calibration security code 1234 will be
displayed on the primary display.
3 Use the editing keys
character in the code.
4 Use the
the code.
5 Press
code.
and
and
to step each
to change each character in
(Save) to store the new calibration security
6 If the new calibration security code has been successfully
stored, the secondary display will show PASS.
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6
To Unsecure the Instrument Without the Security Code
To unsecure the instrument without the correct security
code, follow the steps below.
N O TE
If you do not have a record of the security code, you can try 1234 (the factory default code) using the front panel or the remote interface.
1 Record the last 4 digits of the multimeter’s serial number.
2 Turn the rotary switch to
.
3 Press
and
simultaneously to enter the
Calibration Security Code entry mode.
The primary display shows 5555 and the secondary
display shows SECUr.
4 Press
for more than 1 second to enter the Set
Default Security Code mode. The secondary display shows
SEr.no and the primary display shows 5555.
5 Use the editing keys
character in the code.
6 Use
and
and
to step each
to select each character.
7 Set the code, same as the last 4 digits of the instrument’s
serial number.
8 Press
(Save) to confirm the entry.
9 If the 4 digits entered are correct, the secondary display
will show PASS.
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6
Performance Tests and Calibration
Now you can use 1234 as the security code. If you want to
enter a new security code, see “To Change the Instrument
Calibration Security Code from the Front Panel” on
page 126. Make sure you record the new security code.
Calibration Process
To complete a full instrument calibration use following
general procedures:
1 Read “Test Considerations” on page 114.
2 Perform the verification tests to characterize the
instrument (incoming data).
3 Unsecure the instrument for calibration (see “Calibration
Security” on page 124).
4 Perform the adjustment procedures (see “Adjustments
Consideration” on page 130).
5 Secure the instrument against calibration.
6 Note the new security code and calibration count in the
instrument's maintenance records.
N O TE
128
Make sure to quit the Adjustment Mode before turning off the instrument.
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Performance Tests and Calibration
6
Using the Front Panel for Adjustments
This section describes the procedures to perform
adjustments from the front panel.
Selecting the Adjustment Mode
To unsecure the instrument, see “Unsecuring the Instrument
for Calibration” on page 125 or “To Unsecure the Instrument
Without the Security Code” on page 127. Once unsecured,
the reference value will be indicated on the primary display.
Entering Adjustment Values
Use the following adjustment procedure to enter an input
calibration value from the front panel:
1 Use the edit keys
the primary display.
and
to select each digit in
2 Use the
and the
arrow keys to advance
through the digits 0 through 9.
3 Press
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
when done to start calibration.
129
6
Performance Tests and Calibration
Adjustments Consideration
You will need a test input cable, a connectors set, and a
Shorting Plug to adjust the instrument (see “Input
Connections” on page 115).
N O TE
After each adjustment, the secondary display briefly shows PASS. If the
calibration fails, the handheld multimeter sounds a beep, and an error
number is shown in the secondary display. Calibration error messages are
described on page 140. In the event of a calibration failure, correct the
problem and repeat the procedure.
Adjustments for each function should be performed only in
the order shown below.
1 Allow the instrument to warm up and stabilize for 5
minutes before performing the adjustments.
2 Ensure that during the adjustments, the low battery
indicator does not appear. Replace the batteries as soon
as possible to avoid false reading.
3 Consider the thermal effects as you are connecting test
leads to the calibrator and handheld multimeter. It is
recommended to wait for one minute before you begin the
calibration after connecting the test leads.
4 During ambient temperature adjustment, be sure to turn
on the instrument for at least 1 hour with the K- type
thermocouple connected between the instrument and the
calibration source.
CAU T ION
130
Never turn off the instrument during an adjustment. This may delete the
calibration memory for the present function.
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Performance Tests and Calibration
6
Valid Adjustment Input Values
Adjustment can be accomplished using the following input
values below.
Table 6-3 Valid adjustment input values
Function
Range
Valid Amplitude Input Values
5V, 50 V, 500 V, 1000 V
0.9 to 1.1 x Full Scale
5 V, 50 V, 500 V, 1000 V
0.9 to 1.1 x Full Scale
5 V, 50 V ,500 V, 1000 V
0.9 to 1.1 x Full Scale
50 mV, 500 mV, 1000 mV
0.9 to 1.1 x Full Scale
500 µA, 5000 µA
0.9 to 1.1 x Full Scale
50 mA, 440 mA, 5 A, 10 A
0.9 to 1.1 x Full Scale
500 Ω, 5kΩ, 50 kΩ,500 kΩ, 5MΩ,
50 MΩ
0.9 to 1.1 x Full Scale
Diode
0.9 to 1.1 x Full Scale
10 nF, 100 nF, 1000 nF, 10 µF, 100
µF, 1000 µF, 10 mF / 0 °C
Make sure to provide 0 °C
with ambient compensation
(for U1251B)
(for U1252B)
Ω
/
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6
Performance Tests and Calibration
Adjustment Procedure
Review the sections “Test Considerations” on page 114 and
“Adjustments Consideration” on page 130 before proceeding
with this procedure.
1 Turn the rotary switch to “Test Function” position as
shown in the adjustment table.
2 After unsecuring the instrument, the instrument goes into
the adjustment mode.(See “Unsecuring the Instrument for
Calibration” on page 125)
N O TE
The instrument will be in the adjustment mode, unless you press Shift and
simultaneously to exit the adjustment mode.
3 The primary display will show the reference value of the
Cal Item.
4 Configure each Cal Item.
5 Use the
and the
arrow keys to select the
Cal Range.
6 Apply the input signal shown in the Input column of the
table. The bar graph will display the Input reading. There
is no bar graph display for temperature adjustment.
N O TE
Always complete the tests in the same order as shown in the appropriate
table.
7 Enter the actual applied input (see “Entering Adjustment
Values” on page 129).
8 Press
to start the adjustment. The CAL flashes in
the secondary display to indicate that the calibration is in
progress.
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6
For an adjustment that is successful, the secondary display
will briefly show PASS. An adjustment failure is indicated by
a long beep and a calibration error number appears in the
secondary display. The primary display remains at the
current Cal Item. Check the input value, range, function, and
entered adjustment value to fix the problem. Repeat the
adjustment procedure.
9 Repeat steps 1 through 8 for each adjustment point.
10 Verify the adjustments using the “Performance Verification
Tests” on page 116. Verify the adjustments using
Table 6- 4:
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
133
6
Performance Tests and Calibration
Table 6-4 Adjustment table
Step
1
Test Function
Turn the rotary switch to the
position
Cal Range
U1252B
0.3 V,1 kHz
0.3000 V
0.3000 V
3 V, 1 kHz
3.0000 V
3.0000 V
3 V, 10 kHz
3.0000 V
3.0000 V
3 V, 1 kHz
03.000 V
03.000 V
30 V, 1 kHz
30.000 V
30.000 V
30 V, 10 kHz
3.0000 V
30.000 V
30 V,1 kHz
030.00 V
030.00 V
300 V,1 kHz
300.00 V
300.00 V
300 V, 10 kHz
3.0000 V
300.00 V
30 V, 1 kHz
0030.0 V
0030.0 V
300 V, 1 kHz
0300.0 V
0300.0 V
300 V, 10 kHz
3.0000 V
0300.0 V
Short
Dual Banana Plug
with copper wire
short between 2
terminals
SHort
SHort
5V
3V
3.0000 V
3.0000 V
50V
30 V
30.000 V
30.000 V
500V
300 V
300.00 V
300.00 V
1000V
1000 V
1000.0 V
1000.0 V
5V
500V
1000V
134
Turn the rotary switch to
position (for model
U1252B), to
position
(for model U1251B)
Cal Item
U1251B
50V
2
Input
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Performance Tests and Calibration
Step
3
Test Function
Press
the
Cal Range
button to go to
Cal Item
U1251B
U1252B
0.3 V, 1 kHz
N/A
0.3000 V
3 V, 1 kHz
N/A
3.0000 V
3 V, 10 kHz
N/A
3.0000 V
3 V, 1 kHz
N/A
03.000 V
30 V, 1 kHz
N/A
30.000 V
30 V, 10 kHz
N/A
30.000 V
30 V, 1 kHz
N/A
030.00 V
300 V, 1 kHz
N/A
300.00 V
300 V, 10 kHz
N/A
300.00 V
30 V, 1 kHz
N/A
0030.0 V
300 V, 1 kHz
N/A
0300.0 V
300 V, 10 kHz
N/A
0300.0 V
Short
Dual Banana Plug
with copper wire
short between 2
terminals
SHort
SHort
50 mV
30 mV
30.000 mV
30.000 mV
500 mV
300 mV
300.00 mV
300.00 mV
1000 mV
1000 mV
1000.0 mV
1000.0 mV
5V
V mode
50 V
500 V
1000 V
4
Input
6
Turn the rotary switch to the
position
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
135
6
Performance Tests and Calibration
Step
5
Test Function
Press
the
Cal Range
button to go to
U1252B
3 mV, 1 kHz
03.000 mV
03.000 mV
30 mV, 1 kHz
30.000 mV
30.000 mV
30 mV, 10 kHz
30.000 mV
30.000 mV
30 mV, 1 kHz
030.00 mV
030.00 mV
300 mV, 1 kHz
300.00 mV
300.00 mV
300 mV, 10 kHz
30.000 mV
300.00 mV
30 mV, 1 kHz
0030.0 mV
0030.0 mV
1000 mV, 1 kHz
1000.0 mV
1000.0 mV
1000 mV, 10 kHz
30.000 mV
1000.0 mV
Dual Banana
Plug with copper
wire short
between 2
terminals
SHort
SHort
Input terminal
open (remove
any test leads
and Short Plugs
from the input
terminal)
oPEn
oPEn
10 MW
10.000 MW
10.000 MW
5 MW
3 MW
3.0000 MW
3.0000 MW
500 kW
300 kW
300.00 kW
300.00 kW
50 kW
30 kW
30.000 kW
30.000 kW
5 kW
3k W
3.0000 kW
3.0000 kW
500 W
300 W
300.00 W
300.00 W
50mV
mV mode
1000mV
Turn the rotary switch to the W
position [1]
Short
50 MW
136
Cal Item
U1251B
500mV
6
Input
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Performance Tests and Calibration
Step
7
8
Test Function
Cal Range
Cal Item
U1251B
U1252B
Turn the rotary switch to the Hz/
position (for model
U1252B), to
position (for
model U1251B)
Short
Dual banana
shorting plug with
copper wire
SHORT
SHORT
2V
2V
2.0000 V
2.0000 V
Turn the rotary switch to the
Open
Input terminal
open (remove any
test leads and
Short Plugs from
the input terminal)
oPEn
oPEn
10 nF
3 nF
03.000 nF
03.000 nF
10 nF
10.000 nF
10.000 nF
10 nF
010.00 nF
010.00 nF
100 nF
100.00 nF
100.00 nF
100 nF
0100.0 nF
0100.0 nF
1000 nF
1000.0 nF
1000.0 nF
10 mF
10 mF
10.000 mF
10.000 mF
100 mF
100 mF
100.00 mF
100.00 mF
1000 mF
1000 mF
1000.0 mF
1000.0 mF
10 mF
10 mF
10.000 mF
10.000 mF
N/A
0 ºC
0000.0 ºC
0000.0 ºC
OPEN
Input terminal
open (remove any
test leads and
Short Plugs from
the input terminal)
oPEn
oPEn
500 mA
300 mA
300.00 mA
300.00 mA
5000 mA
3000 mA
3000.0 mA
3000.0 mA
/
position
100 nF
1000 nF
9
Input
Press
button to go to
6
mode
10
Turn the rotary swich to the
position
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
137
6
Performance Tests and Calibration
Step
11
Test Function
Press
Cal Range
button to go to
U1252B
30 µA,1 kHz
030.00 µA
030.00 µA
300 µA,1 kHz
300.00 uA
300.00 µA
300 µA,1 kHz
0300.0 µA
0300.0 µA
3000 µA, 1 kHz
3000.0 µA
3000.0 µA
Open
Input terminal
open (remove any
test leads and
Short Plugs from
the input terminal)
oPEn
oPEn
50 mA
30 mA
30.000 mA
30.000 mA
440 mA
300 mA
300.00 mA
300.00 mA
500 µA
5000 µA
Turn the Rotary Switch to the
position
Cal Item
U1251B
µA mode
12
Input
Move the test lead from uA.mA and COM terminal to A and COM terminal
Caution: Connect the calibrator to hanheld multimeter's A and COM terminals before applying 3A and 10A
5A
3A
3.0000 A
3.0000 A
10 A
10 A
10.000 A
10.000 A
3 mA, 1 kHz
03.000 mA
03.000 mA
30 mA, 1 kHz
30.000 mA
30.000 mA
30 mA, 1 kHz
030.00 mA
030.00 mA
300 mA, 1 kHz
300.00 mA
300.00 mA
Move the test lead from A and COM terminal to uA.mA and COM terminal
13
Press
button to go to
50 mA
mA mode
440 mA
Move the test lead from uA.mA and COM terminal to A and COM terminal
Caution: Connect the calibrator to hanheld multimeter's A and COM terminals before applying 3A and 10A
14
Press
button to go to
5A
0.3 A, 1 kHz
0.3000 A
0.3000 A
3 A, 1 kHz
3.0000 A
3.0000 A
3 A, 1 kHz
3.0000 A
3.0000 A
10 A, 1 kHz
10.000 A
10.000 A
A mode
10 A
[1] Be sure to
138
recalibrate “Short” using the dual banana plug with copper wire after performing calibration for resistance.
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Performance Tests and Calibration
6
Finishing the Adjustment
1 Remove all the shorting plugs and connectors from the
instrument.
2 Record the new Calibration Count.
3 Press
and
simultaneously to exit the
Adjustment Mode. Power off and on again. The instrument
will then be secured.
To Read the Calibration Count
You can query the instrument to determine how many
calibrations have been performed.
N O TE
Your instrument was calibrated before it left the factory.
When you receive your instrument, read the count to
determine its initial value.
The count value increases by one for each calibration point,
and a complete calibration will increase the value by many
counts. The calibration count increments up to a maximum
of 65535 after which it is set at 0. The calibration count
can be read from the front panel after the instrument has
been unsecured. Use the following procedure to read the
calibration count from the front panel.
1 Press
Adjustment Mode. The primary display shows
the calibration count.
2 Take note of the count.
3 Press
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
again to exit the calibration count mode.
139
6
Performance Tests and Calibration
Calibration Errors
The following errors indicate failures that may occur during
a calibration.
Number
140
Recommended Accuracy Requirements
200
Calibration error: Calibration mode is secured
002
Calibration error: Secure code invalid
003
Calibration error: Serial number code invalid
004
Calibration error: Calibration aborted
005
Calibration error: Value out of range
006
Calibration error: Signal measurement out of range
007
Calibration error: Frequency out of range
008
EEPROM write failure
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Agilent U1251B and U1252B Handheld Digital Multimeter
User’s and Service Guide
7
Specifications
DC Specifications 142
U1251B AC Specifications 144
U1252B AC Specifications 145
U1252B AC+DC Specifications 146
Temperature and Capacitance Specifications 147
U1251B & U1252B Frequency Specifications 148
Operating Specifications 152
General Specifications 154
This chapter lists the specifications of the handheld digital
multimeter. When using the multimeter in an environment
where there are electromagnetic interferences or significant
electrostatic charges, the accuracy of measurement may be
reduced.
Agilent Technologies
141
7
Specifications
DC Specifications
Table 7-1 DC Accuracy ± (% of reading + No. of Least Significant Digit)
Function
Voltage
[1]
Resistance[8]
Range
50.000 mV
Resolution
0.001 mV
Test Current/
Burden Voltage
-
500.00 mV
1000.0 mV
5.0000 V
50.000 V
500.00 V
1000.0 V
0.01 mV
0.1 mV
0.0001 V
0.001 V
0.01 V
0.1 V
0.01 Ω
1.04 mA
500.00 Ω[3]
0.025+5
0.03+5
0.03+5
0.08+10
0.05+10
0.08+5
0.05+5
0.15+5
1+5
416 μA
41.2 μA
4.12 μA
375 nA
187 nA
500.00 MΩ[4]
0.01 MΩ
187 nA
0.2+5
1+10
-
500.00 nS[5]
500.00 μA
0.01 nS
187 nA
1+20
3+10<200MΩ/
8+10>200MΩ
1+10
0.01 μA
0.06 V (100 Ω)
0.1+5(6)
0.05+5[6]
5000.0 μA
0.1 μA
0.6 V (100 Ω)
0.1+5(6)
0.05+5[6]
50.000 mA
0.001 mA
0.09 V (1 Ω)
0.2+5(6)
0.15+5[6]
440.00 mA
0.01 mA
0.9 V (1 Ω)
5.0000 A
0.0001 A
0.001 A
0.2 V (0.01 Ω)
0.4 V (0.01 Ω)
0.2+5(6)
0.3+10
0.3+10
0.15+5[6]
0.3+10
0.3+5
0.1 mV
1.04 mA
50.000 MΩ
142
0.05+50[2]
0.0001 kΩ
5.0000 kΩ
50.000 kΩ
500.00 kΩ
5.0000 MΩ
Diode Test[8]
0.05+50
U1252B
(2)
0.001 kΩ
0.01 kΩ
0.0001 MΩ
0.001 MΩ
[3]
Current
Accuracy
U1251B
10.000 A[7]
-
[4]
0.05 + 5
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Specifications
7
[1] Input impedance: Refer to Table 7-6.
[2] The accuracy could be 0.05 %+10 for U1251B and 0.05 %+5 for U1252B.
Always use the Null function to zero out the thermal effect before measuring
the signal.
[3] The accuracy of 500 Ω and 5 kΩ is specified after Null function, which is
used to subtract the test lead resistance and the thermal effect
[4] For the range of 50 Ω/500 MΩ, the R.H. is specified for <60 %.
[5] The accuracy is specified for <50 nS and after Null function with open test
lead.
[6] Always use the Null function to zero out thermal effect with open test lead
before measuring the signal. If the Null function is not used, add 20 counts to
the DC current accuracy. Thermal effect could occur due to the following:
Wrong procedures used to measure the high voltage of 50 V to 1000 V for
resistance, diode, and mV measurements.
After battery-charging has completed.
After measuring current greater than 440 mA. Thus we recommend that the
meter be left to cool down for a period which is twice the measuring time used.
[7] Current can be measured up to 10 A continuously. Add 0.5 % to the specified
accuracy if the signal measured is in the range of 10 A to 20 A and for a period
of up to 30 seconds. After measuring current > 10 A, leave the meter to cool
down for twice the measuring time used before application of low current
measurement.
[8] Maximum open voltage: <+4.2 V.
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
143
7
Specifications
U1251B AC Specifications
Table 7-2 U1251B AC Accuracy ± (% of reading + No. of Least Significant Digit)
Function
True RMS
AC Voltage
[1][2]
Range
50.000 mV
500.00 mV
1000.0 mV
5.0000 V
50.000 V
500.00 V
Resolution
0.001 mV
0.01 mV
0.1 mV
0.0001 V
0.001 V
0.01 V
1000.0 V
0.1 V
30 Hz to 45 Hz
1+60
1+60
1+60
1+60
1+60
1+60
Frequency
45 Hz to 1 kHz
1 kHz to 10 kHz
0.6+40
1.0+40
0.6+25
1.0+40
0.6+25
1.0+25
0.6+25
1.0+25
0.6+25
1.0+25
0.6+25
1.0+25
1+60
0.6+40
1.0+40
Frequency
45 Hz to 2 kHz
0.8+20
Function
True RMS
Range
AC Current [2]
500.00 μA[4]
Resolution
0.01 μA
5000.0 μA
50.000 mA
440.00 mA
5.0000 A
0.1 μA
0.001 mA
0.01 mA
0.0001 A
2+40[6]
0.8+20
0.8+20
0.8+20
0.8+20
0.001 A
2+40[6]
0.8+20
10.000 A
[5]
30 Hz to 45 Hz
1.5+50
1.5+40
1.5+40
1.5+40
10 kHz to 30 kHz
1.6+60
1.6+60
1.6+40
1.6+40
1.6+40
1.6+40[3]
N/A
2 kHz to 20 kHz
3+80
3+60
3+60
3+60
3+60
<3 A/5 kHz
[1] Input impedance: Refer to Table 7-6.
[2] AC mV/V and AC µA/mA/A specifications are true RMS AC coupled, valid
from 5% to 100% of range. The crest factor may be up to 3 at full scale, up to 5 at
half-scale, except for 1000 mV and 1000 V ranges, where the crest factor is 1.5
at full scale and 3 at half scale.
[3] The input signal is lower than the product of 20,000,000 V-Hz (product of
voltage and frequency).
[4] Input current >35 μArms.
[5] Current can be measured from 2.5 A up to 10 A continuously. Add 0.5% to
the specified accuracy if the signal measured is in the range of 10 A to 20 A and
for a period of up to 30 seconds. After measuring current >10 A, leave the meter
to cool down for a period that is twice the measuring time used before
application of low current measurement.
[6] Input current < 3 Arms.
144
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Specifications
7
U1252B AC Specifications
Table 7-3 U1252B AC Accuracy ± (% of reading + No. of Least Significant Digit)
Frequency
0.001 mV
0.01 mV
0.1 mV
0.0001 V
0.001 V
0.01 V
20 Hz –
45 Hz
1.5+60
1.5+60
1.5+60
1.5+60
1.5+60
1.5+60
45 Hz –
1 kHz
0.4+40
0.4+25
0.4+25
0.4+25
0.4+25
0.4+25
1 kHz –
10 kHz
0.7+40
0.4+25
0.4+25
0.6+25
0.4+25
0.4+25
10 kHz –
20 kHz
0.75+40
0.75+40
0.75+40
1.5+40
1.5+40
1.5+40
0.1 V
1.5+60
0.4+40
0.4+40
1.5+40[3]
Function
Range
Resolution
True RMS
AC Voltage
50.000 mV
500.00 mV
1000.0 mV
5.0000 V
50.000 V
500.00 V
1000.0 V
[2][7]
20 kHz –
100 kHz[1]
3.5+120
3.5+120
3.5+120
3.5+120
3.5+120
3.5+120[3]
N/A
Frequency[7]
Function
Range
Resolution
True RMS AC
500.00 μA[4]
5000.0 μA
50.000 mA
440.00 mA
5.0000 A
0.01 μA
0.1 μA
0.001 mA
0.01 mA
0.0001 A
10.000 A[5]
0.001 A
Current [7]
20 kHz –
20 Hz – 45 Hz
1.0+20
45 Hz – 1 kHz
0.7+20
1 kHz – 20 kHz
0.75+20
100 kHz[1]
5+80
1.0+20
1.0+20
1.0+20
1.5+20[6]
0.7+20
0.7+20
0.7+20
0.7+20
5+80
5+80
5+80
N/A
1.5+20[6]
0.7+20
0.75+20
0.75+20
1.5+20
3+60
<3 A/5 kHz
[1] The additional error to be added as frequency >20 kHz and signal input<10% of range: 3 counts of LSD per kHz.
[2] Input impedance: Refer to Table 7-6.
[3] The input signal is lower than the product of 20,000,000 V-Hz (product of voltage and frequency).
[4] Input current >35 μArms.
[5] Current can be measured from 2.5 A up to 10 A continuously. Add 0.5% to the specified accuracy if the signal measured
is in the range of 10 A to 20 A and for a period of up to 30 seconds. After measuring current >10 A, leave the meter to cool
down for a period that is twice the measuring time used before application of low current measurement.
[6] Input current < 3 Arms.
[7] Crest factor ≤ 3.0 at full scale, 5.0 at half scale except the 1000 mV and 1000 V ranges where it is 1.5 at full scale, 3.0 at
half scale. For non-sinusoidal waveform, add 0.1% of reading ± 0.3% of range.
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
145
7
Specifications
U1252B AC+DC Specifications
Table 7-4 U1252B AC Accuracy ± (% of reading + No. of Least Significant Digit)
Frequency
Function
Range
Resolution
Voltage[2]
50.000 mV
500.00 mV
1000.0 mV
5.0000 V
50.000 V
500.00 V
0.001 mV
0.01 mV
0.1 mV
0.0001 V
0.001 V
0.01 V
1000.0 V
30 Hz –
45 Hz
1.5+80
1.5+65
1.5+65
1.5+65
1.5+65
1.5+65
0.1 V
1.5+65
Function
Range
Resolution
Current
500.00 μA[4]
0.01 μA
0.1 μA
0.001 mA
0.01 mA
0.0001 A
5000.0 μA
50.000 mA
440.00 mA
5.0000 A
10.000 A
(5)
0.001 A
45 Hz –
1 kHz
0.4+60
0.4+30
0.4+30
0.4+30
0.4+30
0.4+30
0.4+45
30 Hz – 45 Hz
1.1+25
1 kHz –
10 kHz
0.7+60
0.4+30
0.4+30
0.6+30
0.4+30
0.4+30
10 kHz –
20 kHz
0.8+60
0.8+45
0.8+45
1.5+45
1.5+45
1.5+45
0.4+45
[3]
Frequency
45 Hz – 1 kHz
0.8+25
1.1+25
1.2+25
1.2+25
1.8+30[6]
0.8+25
0.9+25
0.9+25
0.9+30
1.8+30[6]
0.9+25
1.5+45
20kHz –
100kHz[1]
3.5+220
3.5+125
3.5+125
3.5+125
3.5+125
3.5+125[3]
N/A
1 kHz – 20 kHz
0.8+25
0.8+25
0.9+25
0.9+25
3.3+70
<3 A/5 kHz
[1] The additional error to be added as frequency >20 kHz and signal input <10
%of range: 3 counts of LSD per kHz.
[2] Input impedance: Refer to Table 7-6.
[3] The input signal is lower than the product of 20,000,000 V-Hz (product of
voltage and frequency).
[4] Input current >35 μArms.
[5] Current can be measured from 2.5 A up to 10 A continuously. Add 0.5% to
the specified accuracy if the signal measured is in the range of 10 A to 20 A and
for a period of up to 30 seconds. After measuring current >10 A, leave the meter
to cool down for a period that is twice the measuring time used before
application of low current measurement.
[6] Input current < 3 Arms.
146
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Specifications
7
Temperature and Capacitance Specifications
Function
Thermocouple
Type
Range
K
-200 – 1372 °C/
-328 – 2502 °F
-210 – 1200 °C/
-346 – 2192 °F
Temperature[1]
J(2)
Function
Range
Resolution
Resolution
0.1 °C/
0.1 °F
0.1 °C/
0.1 °F
Accuracy
± (% of reading + Offset
Capacitance
10.000 nF
100.00 nF
1000.0 nF
10.000 μF
100.00 μF
1000.0 μF
10.000 mF
100.00 mF
Accuracy
± (% of reading + No. of
0.001 nF
0.01 nF
0.1 nF
0.001 μF
0.01 μF
0.1 μF
0.001 mF
0.01 mF
Least Significant Digit)
0.3 % +3 °C/
0.3 %+6 °F
0.3 % +3 °C/
0.3 %+6 °F
Measuring Rate
At Full Scale
Max.
Display
Error)
1 %+8
4 times/sec.
11000
counts
1 %+5
3 %+10
1 time/sec.
0.1 times/sec.
0.01 times/sec.
[1] The accuracy is suject to the following conditions:
The accuracy does not include the tolerance of the thermocouple probe. The
thermal sensor plugged into the meter should be placed in the operating
environment for at least an hour.
Use the Null function to reduce the thermal effect. Before using the Null
function, set the meter to the no ambient compensation (
) mode and keep
the thermocouple probe as close to the meter as possible, avoiding contact with
any surface that has a different temperature from the ambient temperature.
When measuring temperature with respect to any temperature calibrator, try to
set both the calibrator and the meter with an external reference (without
internal ambient compensation). If both the calibrator and the meter are set
with internal reference (with internal ambient compensation), deviation may
show between the readings of the calibrator and the meter, due to differences
in ambient compensation between the calibrator and the meter.
[2] Only available in U1252B.
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
147
7
Specifications
U1251B & U1252B Frequency Specifications
Range
Resolution
[1]
Accuracy
Min. Input Frequency
± (% of reading + No. of
Least Significant Digit)
99.999 Hz
999.99 Hz
9.9999 kHz
99.999 kHz
999.99 kHz
0.001 Hz
0.01 Hz
0.0001 kHz
0.001 kHz
0.01 kHz
0.02%+3
<600 kHz
1 Hz
U1251B Frequency Sensitivity During Voltage Measurement
Input Range
(Maximum input for specified
accuracy = 10 x Range or
1000 V)
50.000 mV
500.00 mV
1000.0 mV
5.0000 V
50.000 V
500.00 V
1000.0 V
Trigger Level For DC Coupling
Minimum Sensitivity
(R.M.S. Sine-Wave)
20 Hz – 100 kHz
>100 kHz – 200 kHz
10 mV
25 mV
40 mV
0.25 V
2.5 V
25 V
50 V
15 mV
35 mV
50 mV
0.5 V
5V
N/A
N/A
< 100 kHz
>100 kHz – 200 kHz
10 mV
60 mV
100 mV
0.5 V / 1.25 V (< 100 Hz)
5V
50 V
300 V
15 mV
70 mV
150 mV
0.6 V
6V
N/A
N/A
U1252B Frequency Sensitivity During Voltage Measurement
Input Range
(Maximum input for specified
accuracy = 10 x Range or
1000 V)
50.000 mV
500.00 mV
1000.0 mV
5.0000 V
50.000 V
500.00 V
1000.0 V
Minimum Sensitivity
(R.M.S. Sine-Wave)
20 Hz – 200 kHz
>200 kHz – 500 kHz
10 mV
70 mV
120 mV
0.3 V
3V
30 V < 100 kHz
50 V < 100 kHz
25 mV
150 mV
300 mV
1.2 V
5V
N/A
N/A
Trigger Level For DC Coupling
< 100 kHz
>100 kHz – 500 kHz
10 mV
70 mV
120 mV
0.6 V
6V
60 V
120 V
25 mV
150 mV
300 mV
1.5 V
15 V
N/A
N/A
[1] The input signal is lower than the product of 20,000,000 V-Hz.
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U1251B & U1252B Frequency Sensitivity During Current
Measurement
Input Range
Minimum Sensitivity (R.M.S. Sine-Wave)
20 Hz – 20 kHz
100 μA
250 μA
10 mA
25 mA
1A
2.5 A
500.00 μA
5000.0 μA
50.000 mA
440.00 mA
5.0000 A
10.000 A
Duty Cycle [1]
MODE
RANGE
ACCURACY AT FULL SCALE
DC Coupling
0.01 % – 99.99 %
0.3 % per kHz + 0.3 %
MODE
RANGE
ACCURACY AT FULL SCALE
500 ms
2000 ms
0.01 ms
0.1 ms
0.2 % + 3
0.2 % + 3
Pulse Width [1]
[1] Positive or negative pulse width must be greater than 10 μs and the range of
duty cycle should be considered. The range of pulse width is determined by the
frequency of the signal.
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Specifications
U1252B Frequency Counter Specifications
Divide 1 (secondary display “-1-”)
Range
Resolution
Accuracy
± (% of reading + No. of
Least Significant Digit)
99.999 Hz
0.001 Hz
0.02%+3[2]
999.99 Hz
9.9999 kHz
99.999 kHz
999.99 kHz
9.9999 MHz
0.01 Hz
0.0001 kHz
0.001 kHz
0.01 kHz
0.0001 MHz
Sensitivity
Min. Input Frequency
100 mV R.M.S.
0.5 Hz
0.002%+5,
<985 kHz
200 mV R.M.S.
Divide 100 (secondary display “-100-”)
Range
Resolution
Accuracy
± (% of reading + No. of
Least Significant Digit)
Sensitivity
Min. Input Frequency
9.9999 MHz
99.99 MHz
0.0001 MHz
0.001 MHz
0.002 %+5,
<20 MHz
400 mV R.M.S.
600 mV R.M.S.
1 MHz
PEAK HOLD (Capturing changes)
SIGNAL WIDTH
ACCURACY FOR DC mV/VOLTAGE/CURRENT
Single event > 1 ms
2% + 400 for all ranges
Repetitive > 250 μs
2% + 1000 for all ranges
[1] The maximum measurement level is < 30 Vpp.
[2] All frequency counters are susceptible to error when measuring low-voltage,
low-frequency signals. Shielding inputs from picking up external noise is critical
for minimizing measurement errors. For non-square wave signals, an additional
5 counts need to be added.
[3] The minimum measurement frequency of low frequency is set by power-on
option to speed up the measurement rate.
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Specifications
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U1252B SQUARE WAVE OUTPUT
OUTPUT[1]
RANGE
RESOLUTION
ACCURACY
FREQUENCY
0.5, 1, 2, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 40, 50, 60, 75, 80, 100, 120, 150,
200, 240, 300, 400, 480, 600, 800, 1200, 1600, 2400, 4800 Hz
0.39% – 99.60%
0.01Hz
0.005% +2
0.390625%
1/Frequency
Range/256
0.4% of full scale[3]
0.2 ms + Range/256
Fixed 0 to +2.8 V
0.1 V
0.2 V
DUTY CYCLE[2] [4]
WIDTH[2][4]
PULSE
AMPLITUDE
[1] Output impedance: 3.5 kW maximum.
[2] The positive or negative pulse width must be greater than 50 μs for adjusting
the duty cycle or the pulse width under different frequencies. Otherwise the
accuracy and the range will be different from the definition.
[3] For signal frequencies greater than 1 kHz, add 0.1% per kHz to the accuracy.
[4] The accuracy for duty cycle and pulse width is based on a 5 V square wave
input without dividing signal.
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Specifications
Operating Specifications
Measuring rate
Table 7-5 Measuring rate
152
Function
Times/second
ACV
7
ACV + dB
7
DCV
7
ACV
7
AC + DC V
2
Ω/nS
14
Diode
14
Capacitance
4 (< 100 μF)
DCI
7
ACI
7
AC + DC I
2
Temperature
6
Frequency
1 (>10 Hz)
Duty cycle
0.5 (>10 Hz)
Pulse width
0.5 (>10 Hz)
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
Specifications
7
Input Impedance
Table 7-6 Input impedance
Function
Range
DC Voltage[1]
AC Voltage
[2]
AC + DC Voltage[2]
Input Impedance
50.000 mV
10.00 MΩ
500.00 mV
10.00 MΩ
1000.0 mV
10.00 MΩ
5.0000 V
11.10 MΩ
50.000 V
10.10 MΩ
500.00 V
10.01 MΩ
1000.0 V
10.001 MΩ
50.000 mV
10.00 MΩ
500.00 mV
10.00 MΩ
1000.0 mV
10.00 MΩ
5.0000 V
10.00 MΩ
50.000 V
10.00 MΩ
500.00 V
10.00 MΩ
1000.0 V
10.00 MΩ
50.000 mV
10.00 MΩ
500.00 mV
10.00 MΩ
1000.0 mV
10.00 MΩ
5.0000 V
11.10 MΩ || 10 MΩ
50.000 V
10.10 MΩ || 10 MΩ
500.00 V
10.01 MΩ || 10 MΩ
1000.0 V
10.001 MΩ || 10 MΩ
[1] For 5 V to 1000 V range, the specified input impedance in parallel with 10
MΩ at dual display.
[2] The specified input impedance (nominal) in parallel with <100 pF.
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Specifications
General Specifications
Display
•
Both primary and secondary displays are 5-digit liquid crystal display (LCD)
with maximum reading of 50,000 counts. Automatic polarity indication.
Power Consumption
•
105 mVA / 420 mVA (with backlit) maximum (U1251B)
•
165 mVA / 480 mVA (with backlit) maximum (U1252B)
Operating Environment
•
Full accuracy at –20 °C to 55 °C
•
Full accuracy to 80 % RH for temperature up to 35 °C, decreasing linearly to 50 % RH
at 55 °C
Altitude:
•
0 - 2000 meters per IEC 61010-1 2nd Edition CAT III, 1000 V/CAT IV, 600 V
Storage Compliance
• – 40 °C to 70 °C, with battery removed
Safety Compliance
• EN/IEC 61010-1:2001, ANSI/UL 61010-1:2004, and CAN/CSA-C22.2 No.61010-1-04
Measurement Category
•
CAT III 1000 V/ CAT IV 600 V
EMC Compliance
• Certified to IEC61326-1:2005 / EN61326-1:2006
• CISPR 11:2003 / EN 55011:2007 Group 1 Class A
• Canada: ICES-001:2004
• Australia/New Zealand: AS/NZS CISPR11:2004
Common Mode Rejection Ratio (CMRR)
•
> 90 dB at DC, 50/60 Hz + 0.1 % (1 kΩ unbalanced)
Normal Mode Rejection Ratio (NMRR)
•
> 60 dB at DC, 50/60 Hz + 0.1 %
Temperature Coefficient
•
0.15 * (specified accuracy)/ °C (from -20 °C to 18 °C or 28 °C to 55 °C)
Shock and Vibration
•
Tested to IEC/EN 60068-2
Dimension (HxWxD)
•
203.5 mm x 94.4 mm x 59.0 mm
Weight
•
504±5 grams with battery (U1251B)
•
527±5 grams with battery (U1252B)
Charging Time (only U1252)
•
< 220 minutes approx. at the environment of 10 °C to 30 °C.
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Specifications
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Warranty
• 3 years for main unit
• 3 months for standard accessories unless otherwise specified
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7
156
Specifications
Agilent U1251B/U1252B User’s and Service Guide
www.agilent.com
Contact us
To obtain service, warranty or technical support
assistance, contact us at the
following phone numbers:
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(fax) 800 829 4433
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(fax) 800 746 4866
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(tel) 31 20 547 2111
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(tel) (81) 426 56 7832 (fax) (81) 426 56 7840
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(fax) (65) 6755 0042
Or visit Agilent worlwide Web at:
www.agilent.com/find/assist
Product specifications and descriptions in this
document are subject to change without notice.
Always refer to the Agilent Web site for the latest
revision.
© Agilent Technologies, Inc. 2009
Printed in Malaysia
First Edition, December 01, 2009
U1251-90036
Agilent Technologies
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