Soldering Ion

Soldering Ion
Things you need ;
 Solder
 Flux
 Sponge
 Soldering ion
1. Hold the soldering iron as if it was a pen and you were going to write your name. Do
not touch the tip of the iron.
2. Heat up the area to be soldered by gently touching the tip of the iron to the surface.
Solder is a combination of certain percentages of tin and lead. Together the two are
called "flux". Applying solder is called "tinning" because of the percentage of tin in
flux. There are various types of flux depending on the item to be soldered. Flux
comes in various size reels again according to the job that needs soldered.
3. Apply the solder onto the joint by gently letting the solder flow into a volcano shape
(in a peak style). Make sure the solder flows onto the joint and not around or beside
the joint. If the solder makes a dip shape, it is not flowing in the joint and the joint is
dry. Another way to tell that the solder did not hit the particular area is by the
appearance of the solder; it will look very dull. When it's a "good solder," it will take
on a very shiny appearance.
4. Search either in your favourite local hardware store or retail stores for the various
types of soldering irons. Soldering is also used in crafts such as stained glass and
usually requires either a higher watt soldering iron or a soldering gun.
5. Fix a bad solder or an existing soldered joint with what is called desoldering braid.
Desoldering braid is made up of copper and is made to adhere to metal flux. Place
the desoldering braid on the existing soldered joint. Heat the copper with the
soldering iron which removes the metal flux for a clean surface.
6. Take clamps, and attach them to the area to be soldered. Hold it absolutely still. This
is necessary in order to solder properly and to keep the soldered item still while it's
cooling in order to have a tightly soldered joint.
Tips & Warnings
 Remember to work in a well ventilated room as solder contains a certain percentage
of lead. Always wash hands after soldering. Wash the tip of the soldering iron at the
end of every use. Soldering guns usually have a higher wattage. So if you are
soldering PCB or wire components, the gun is too hot for that type of job and will
burn PCB or wire components.
 Always place the soldering iron in its stand after every use.
 Never touch the tip of the soldering iron it gets extremely hot and you could get a
severe burn.
 Always keep a first aid kit in or around your work area.
 Always keep the tip of the iron clean. Use a damp sponge to remove any residue
caused by the flux material. After cleaning apply a very small skim of flux to the tip.
This creates faster heat when using the soldering iron.
 Never lay the soldering iron down onto any surface.
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