Abit | AT7E | User`s manual | Abit AT7E User`s manual

Copyright and Warranty Notice
The information in this document is subject to change without notice and does not
represent a commitment on part of the vendor, who assumes no liability or responsibility
for any errors that may appear in this manual.
No warranty or representation, either expressed or implied, is made with respect to the
quality, accuracy or fitness for any particular part of this document. In no event shall the
manufacturer be liable for direct, indirect, special, incidental or consequential damages
arising from any defect or error in this manual or product.
Product names appearing in this manual are for identification purpose only and
trademarks and product names or brand names appearing in this document are the
property of their respective owners.
This document contains materials protected under International Copyright Laws. All
rights reserved. No part of this manual may be reproduced, transmitted or transcribed
without the expressed written permission of the manufacturer and authors of this manual.
If you do not properly set the motherboard settings, causing the motherboard to
malfunction or fail, we cannot guarantee any responsibility.
AT7/AT7E Motherboard User’s Manual
Index
CHAPTER 1.
INTRODUCTION OF AT7/AT7E FEATURES ................. 1-1
CHAPTER 2.
INSTALLING THE MOTHERBOARD.............................. 2-1
CHAPTER 3.
INTRODUCING THE BIOS ................................................ 3-1
CHAPTER 4.
RAID SETTING GUIDE ...................................................... 4-1
CHAPTER 5.
HPT 374 DRIVER INSTALLATION .................................. 5-1
CHAPTER 6.
HPT 374 RAID MANAGEMENT SOFTWARE
INSTALLATION GUIDE FOR WINDOWS® 2000 ........... 6-1
APPENDIX A.
VIA 4 IN 1 DRIVERS INSTALLATION FOR WINDOWS®
2000 ........................................................................................ A-1
APPENDIX B.
AUDIO DRIVERS INSTALLATION FOR WINDOWS® 2000
................................................................................................ B-1
1-1.
1-2.
1-3.
1-4.
2-1.
2-2.
2-3.
2-4.
3-1.
3-2.
3-3.
3-4.
3-5.
3-6.
3-7.
3-8.
3-9.
3-10.
3-11.
3-12.
3-13.
4-1.
4-2.
4-3.
5-1.
5-2.
FEATURES OF AT7/AT7E MOTHERBOARD ...........................................................1-1
SPECIFICATIONS....................................................................................................1-2
ITEM CHECKLIST ..................................................................................................1-4
LAYOUT DIAGRAM FOR AT7/AT7E......................................................................1-5
INSTALLATION OF THE AMD ATHLON™ XP, ATHLON™ AND DURON™ CPU .........2-2
INSTALLING THE MOTHERBOARD TO THE CHASSIS ................................................2-5
INSTALLING SYSTEM MEMORY .............................................................................2-6
CONNECTORS, HEADERS AND SWITCHES...............................................................2-7
CPU SETUP [SOFT MENU™ III] .........................................................................3-3
STANDARD CMOS FEATURES SETUP MENU .........................................................3-6
ADVANCED BIOS FEATURES SETUP MENU .........................................................3-10
ADVANCED CHIPSET FEATURES SETUP MENU .....................................................3-14
INTEGRATED PERIPHERALS .................................................................................3-22
POWER MANAGEMENT SETUP MENU ..................................................................3-25
PNP/PCI CONFIGURATIONS SETUP MENU ...........................................................3-31
PC HEALTH STATUS ...........................................................................................3-34
LOAD FAIL-SAFE DEFAULTS ...............................................................................3-35
LOAD OPTIMIZED DEFAULTS ..............................................................................3-35
SET PASSWORD...................................................................................................3-35
SAVE & EXIT SETUP ...........................................................................................3-36
EXIT WITHOUT SAVING ......................................................................................3-36
THE FEATURES OF RAID ON THE AT7 ..................................................................4-1
RAID SETUP ON THE AT7..................................................................................4-1
THE BIOS SETTING MENU ...................................................................................4-2
DOS®...................................................................................................................5-1
WINDOWS® 2000..................................................................................................5-1
4200-0283-02
Rev. 1.00
APPENDIX C.
LAN DRIVERS INSTALLATION FOR WINDOWS® 2000 C-1
APPENDIX D.
USB 2.0 DRIVERS INSTALLATION FOR WINDOWS® 2000
................................................................................................ D-1
APPENDIX E.
INSTALLING THE WINBOND HARDWARE MONITOR
SOFTWARE........................................................................... E-1
APPENDIX F.
BIOS UPDATE GUIDE ........................................................ F-1
APPENDIX G.
TROUBLESHOOTING (NEED ASSISTANCE?) ............... G-1
APPENDIX H.
HOW TO GET TECHNICAL SUPPORT.............................H-1
AT7/AT7E
Introduction of AT7/AT7E Features
1-1
Chapter 1. Introduction of AT7/AT7E Features
1-1. Features of AT7/AT7E Motherboard
This motherboard is designed for AMD Socket A Athlon™ XP, Athlon™ and Duron™ processors. It
supports the AMD Socket-A structure, with up to 3 GB (Unbuffered) or 3.5 GB (Registered) of memory,
super I/O, USB 2.0, IEEE 1394 (For AT7 Full Version Only) and Green PC functions.
The AT7/AT7E uses the VIA KT333 and VT8233A chipsets to make the evolutionary move from PC
100/PC 133 SDRAM to PC 1600/PC 2100/PC 2700 DDR SDRAM, increasing the speed of the system
and memory buses from 100 MHz to 166 MHz. Its 200/266/333 MHz memory interface supports a wide
range of PC 1600/PC 2100/PC 2700 DDR SDRAM memory devices now on the market.
VIA KT333 is a system bus controller, or northbridge, that houses the high-speed system elements critical
to overall system performance while also containing the system interface to the processor. The key
functions of the KT333 System Controller include the 266 MHz Athlon System Bus, the 333 MHz DDR
Memory Subsystem, the AGP 4X/2X/1X modes Graphics Interface (AGP 2.0 Compliant) and the 33
MHz/32-bit PCI Bus Interface (PCI 2.2 Compliant), including arbiter.
DDR SDRAM is the newest memory standard. It provides the maximum translation bandwith and also
greatly improves data transaction delays. This feature improves system performance and speed, especially
with multimedia environment applications.
The AT7/AT7E has a built in Ultra DMA 133 function. This means that it provides speedier HDD
throughput boosting overall system performance. Ultra DMA 133 is the newest standard for IDE devices.
It enhances existing Ultra DMA 33 technology by increasing both performance and data integrity. This
new high-speed interface almost doubles the Ultra DMA 66 burst data transfer rate to 133 Mbytes/sec.
The result is maximum disc performance using the current PCI local bus environment. Another benefit is
the ability to connect four IDE devices to your system, either through Ultra DMA 66, Ultra DMA 100 or
Ultra DMA 133. With this, you will have more flexibility to expand your computer system.
AT7‘s built-in HighPoint HPT 374 chipset gives you the capability to support Ultra DMA 133. Ultra
DMA 133 is the newest standard for IDE devices. It provides four IDE channels (IDE3, IDE4, IDE5,
IDE6) that also support Ultra DMA 133 specifications, and it allows for four additional IDE devices in
your computer system. It can give you high performance and efficiency data transfer rate through the IDE
channels. This also means that your computer, in total, can connect up to twelve IDE devices (IDE1 ~
IDE6). This allows for maximum expandability for future hardware demands. This chipset also supports
IDE RAID, inlcuding RAID 0, RAID 1 and RAID 0+1. This feature enables you to maximize your data
storage performance and security. (For AT7 Full Version Only)
AT7/AT7E provides high flexibility to users building AMD Socket A Athlon™ XP, Athlon™ and Duron™
systems. It provides the option of 133MHz/133MHz CPU and memory bus combinations. The
AT7/AT7E has built-in hardware monitoring functions (refer to Appendix E for detailed information) to
ensure a safe computing environment.
Part of the MAX Motherboard Series
The AT7/AT7E is part of the MAX Series of motherboard products, offering advanced features and
extraordinary value. With its legacy-free operation, ABIT’s MAX Series frees up system resources to
offer users a robust, high-performance computing platform. Moreover, expanded connectivity via USB
and Firewire ports gives users an easy way to connect to today’s hottest audio and video peripherals.
On-board 10/100 LAN provides high-speed networking capabililites, and built in 6-channel audio delivers
a rich multimedia experience. Highly integrated with the latest technologies, ABIT’s MAX Series looks
User’s Manual
Chapter 1
1-2
to the future, giving users a new level of system longevity and flexibility.
1-2. Specifications
1.
Processor
!
Supports AMD Athlon™ XP 1500+ ~ 2200+ or future Socket A processors based on 200 MHz/266
MHz (100 MHz/133 MHz Double Data Rate)
Supports AMD Athlon™ 700 MHz ~ 1.4 GHz or future Socket A processors based on 200 MHz/266
MHz (100 MHz/133 MHz Double Data Rate)
Supports AMD Duron™ 600 MHz ~ 1.2 GHz or future Socket A processors based on 200 MHz (100
MHz Double Data Rate)
Supports 200 MHz Alpha EV6 bus for the AMD Athlon™ XP, Athlon™ and Duron™ processors
!
!
!
2.
Chipset (VIA KT333 and VT8233A):
!
!
!
Supports Ultra DMA 33, Ultra DMA 66, Ultra DMA 100 and Ultra DMA 133 IDE protocol
Supports Advanced Configuration and Power Management Interface (ACPI)
Accelerated Graphics Port connector supports AGP 2X (3.3V) and 4X (1.5V) mode (Sideband)
device
Supports 200 MHz/266 MHz/333 MHz (100 MHz/133 MHz/166 MHz Double Data Rate) memory
bus settings
!
3.
Ultra DMA 133/RAID (For AT7 Full Version Only)
!
!
!
!
!
HighPoint HPT 374 IDE controller
Supports Ultra DMA 133MB/sec data transfer rate
Supports RAID0 (Stripping mode for boosting performance) mode
Supports RAID1 (Mirroring mode for data security) mode
Supports RAID 0+1 (Stripping and Mirroring) mode
4.
Memory (System Memory)
!
!
Four 184-pin DIMM slots support PC 1600, PC 2100 and PC 2700 DDR SDRAM modules
Supports 6 banks up to 3 GB DRAMs for unbuffered DDR/SDRAM modules. (64, 128, 256, 512
MB and 1 GB DDR SDRAM). For PC 2700 DDR SDRAM modules, it supports 4 banks up to 2 GB
DRAMs for unbuffered DDR/SDR modules. (64, 128, 256, 512 MB and 1 GB DDR SDRAM).
Supports 8 banks up to 3.5 GB DRAMs for registered DDR/SDRAM modules. (64, 128, 256, 512
MB and 1 GB DDR SDRAM). For PC 2700 DDR SDRAM modules, it supports 6 banks up to 3 GB
DRAMs for registered DDR/SDRAM modules. (64, 128, 256, 512 MB and 1 GB DDR SDRAM).
!
5.
System BIOS
!
!
!
!
SOFT MENU™ III technology, can easily set the processor parameters
Award PnP (Plug and Play) BIOS supports APM and DMI (Desktop Management Interface)
Supports ACPI (Advanced Configuration Power Interface)
Write-Protect Anti-Virus function by AWARD BIOS
AT7/AT7E
Introduction of AT7/AT7E Features
1-3
6.
Audio
!
!
!
Realtek ALC650 (AC-Link)
Supports 6 CH DAC for AC3 5.1 CH purpose
Professional digital audio interface supporting 24-bit S/PDIF OUT
7.
LAN
!
!
!
Onboard Realtek 8100B single chip Ethernet controller interface
10/100 Mb Operation
User friendly driver included
8.
ABIT Media XP (Optional)
!
!
!
!
Supports memory card (MS, SD, CF and MicroDrive) interface
Supports LPC (Low Pin Count) bus
Supports SONY MS (Memory Stick) interface/SD (Secure Digital) memory card interface
Supports CF (Compact Flash) ROM interface (Both Type I & Type II)
9.
Multi I/O Functions
!
Two channels of bus master IDE ports supporting up to four Ultra DMA 33/66/100/133 devices
(IDE1 & IDE2)
Four channels (IDE3, IDE4, IDE5 and IDE6) of bus master IDE ports supporting up to eight Ultra
DMA 33/66/100/133 (RAID 0/1/0+1) specifications HDD devices (For AT7 full version only)
One floppy port connector (up to 2.88MB)
Four USB 1.1 connectors (Located at USB1 and USB2 connectors)
One USB header (USB 3) for two extra USB channels (USB 1.1)
Onboard VIA VT6202 chipset, provide two USB 2.0 connectors (Located at U30 connector)
Onboard VIA VT6202 chipset, provide one USB 2.0 header (USB4) for two extra USB 2.0 channels
Two IEEE 1394 connectors (For AT7 full version only)
One S/PDIF-Out connector (OPT1)
One 10/100 Mb port connector (Located on U30 connector)
Two sets of audio connectors (included Mic-In, Line-In, Front Right+Left, Rear Right+Left and
Center+Subwoofer connectors)
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
10. Miscellaneous
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
ATX form factor
One AGP slot, three PCI slots
Built-in Wake on LAN header
Built-in Wake on Ring header
One built-in SM-Bus header
One built-in IEEE 1394 header (For AT7 full version only)
One CD audio input connector
One AUX audio input connector
One ABIT front panel Media XP header for analog and digital signal connection to computer
chassis front panel (ABIT Media XP is optional accessory designed by ABIT)
Hardware monitoring:Included fan speed, voltages, CPU and system environment temperature
Board size: 305 * 245mm
User’s Manual
Chapter 1
1-4
#
Supports Wake On LAN, Modem, but your ATX power supply 5V standby power must be
able to provide at least a 720mA current capacity. Otherwise, the functions may not work
normally.
#
HPT 374 IDE controller is designed to support high-speed and high performance mass storage
devices. Thus we suggest that you don’t connect non-disk devices that use ATA/ATAPI
interfaces, such as CD-ROM to HPT 374 IDE connector (IDE3, IDE4, IDE5 and IDE6). (For
AT7 full version only)
#
This motherboard supports the standard bus speeds of 66 MHz/100 MHz/133 MHz that are
used by specific PCI, processor and chipset specifications. Exceeding these standard bus speeds
is not guaranteed due to the specific component specifications.
#
Specifications and information contained in this manual are subject to change without notice.
Note
All brand names and trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
1-3. Item Checklist
Check that your package is complete. If you discover any damaged or missing items, please contact your
retailer or dealer.
$ One ABIT AT7 or AT7E motherboard
$ Three 80-wire/40-pin ribbon cable for master and slave Ultra DMA 133, Ultra DMA 100, Ultra DMA
66 or Ultra DMA 33 IDE devices
$ One ribbon cable for 3.5” floppy disk devices
$ One compact disc for support drivers and utilities
$ One USB cable (For USB 1.1 used)
$ One DIY bag
$ One user’s manual for the motherboard
$ One floppy disk of HPT 374 drivers (AT7 Full Version Only)
$ One I/O shield
AT7/AT7E
Introduction of AT7/AT7E Features
1-5
1-4. Layout Diagram for AT7/AT7E
Figure 1-1. AT7/AT7E motherboard component location
User’s Manual
1-6
AT7/AT7E
Chapter 1
Installing the Motherboard
2-1
Chapter 2. Installing the Motherboard
This AT7/AT7E motherboard not only provides all standard equipment for classic personal computers,
but also provides great flexibility for meeting future upgrade demands. This chapter will introduce step by
step all of the standard equipment and will also present, as completely as possible, future upgrade
capabilities. This motherboard is able to supports all AMD Socket A Athlon™ XP, Athlon™ and Duron™
processors now on the market. (For details, see specifications in Chapter 1.)
This chapter is organized according the following features:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Installation of the AMD Socket A Athlon™ XP, Athlon™ and Duron™ CPU
Installing the Motherboard to the Chassis
Installing System Memory
Connectors, Headers and Switches
%%%%
Before Proceeding with the Installation
%%%%
Before you install or unplug any connectors or add-on cards, please remember to turn the ATX power
supply switch off (fully turn the +5V standby power off), or take the power cord off. Otherwise, you may
cause the motherboard components or add-on cards to malfunction or be damaged.
&
User Friendly Instructions
Please read our instructions carefully and follow them step-by-step. Our objective is to enable the novice
computer user to perform the installation by himself. We have attempted to write this document in a very
clear, concise and descriptive manner to help overcome any obstacles you may face during installation.
Diagram and Photos
This chapter contains many color drawings, diagrams and photos, we strongly recommend you read this
chapter use the PDF file that is stored on the CD-Title. Color improves the clarity and quality of the
diagrams. For the downloadable edition, as files larger than 3 MB are difficult to download, we will cut
the graphics and photo resolution to reduce the manual file size. In such this case, if your manual is
downloaded from our WEB site and not from a CD-ROM, enlarging graphics or photos will distort the
image.
User’s Manual
Chapter 2
2-2
2-1. Installation of the AMD Athlon™ XP, Athlon™ and Duron™
CPU
Note
! Installing a heatsink and cooling fan is necessary for heat to dissipate from your processor. Failing
to install these items may result in overheating and processor damage.
! The AMD Socket A processor will produce a lot of heat while operating, so you need to use a large
heat sink that is especially designed for the AMD socket A processor. Otherwise, it may result in
overheating and processor damage.
! If your processor fan and its power cable are not installed properly, never plug the ATX power
cable into the motherboard. This can prevent possible processor damage.
! Please refer to your processor installation manual or other documentation with your processor for
detailed installation instructions.
The AMD Socket A Athlon™ XP, Athlon™ and Duron™ processor installation is easy, like Socket 7
Pentium® processors before. Because it uses the “Socket A” ZIF (Zero Insertion Force) socket, you can
easily fix the processor firmly into position. Figure 2-1 shows you what the socket A looks like, and how
to open the lever. The socket A has more pins than the socket 7. Therefore, a Pentium® level processor
cannot be inserted into a socket A.
When you raise the lever, you have to loosen the socket lock. Please raise the lever to the end, and
prepare to insert the processor. Next, you need to align the processor pin 1 to the socket pin 1. If you put
it in the wrong direction, you will not be able to insert the processor easily, and processor pins will not
fully go into the socket. If this is the case, please change the direction, until it easily and fully inserts into
the socket A. See Figure 2-2. At the same time check the processor temperature detection thermistor
height (if your motherboard has this component), then you can slowly insert the processor into the Scoket
A. Finally, you need to check that the processor edge and the Socket A edge is parallel. It should be
parallel and not tilted.
When you finish the above, push the lever down to its original position, you should feel the lever lock the
socket A. You have then finished the processor installation.
AT7/AT7E
Installing the Motherboard
2-3
Heatsink Installation Hints
Because the processor will produce a lot of heat while operating, we suggest you use a heatsink approved
by AMD to be safe and to keep the processor temperature within normal operation temperatures. The
heatsink will be large and heavy, so the fixing plate has a strong tension. When you install the heatsink on
to the processor and its socket, you have to very carefully fix the fixing plate to the processor socket hook
on both sides. If you do not pay attention to this, you may make the fixing plate scratch the PCB surface
and cause circuit damage, break socket hooks or damage the die on the top of processor.
Please follow the sequence metioned below, Do Not
inverse the sequence. Otherwise, you may have a
situation like the photo on the left. Because of the
design of the CPU socket, the left side hooks are not
as strong as the right side hooks. If you follow our
suggestions you will prevent your processor and
socket from damage.
Note
Considering the chassis structure problem, please
always take off the motherboard from chassis,
before adding or removing a heatsink kit.
The proper procedure to install the heatsink kit:
First, install the processor into the processor socket.
Insert the heatsink left side fix plate into the
processor socket left side fix hooks. Make sure the fit
is very tight. Check the photo on the left.
User’s Manual
2-4
Chapter 2
Insert a flat screwdriver into the middle slot of the
right side fix plate and push down. Then you can
push the fix plate over the socket hooks on the right
side. Check the photo on the left.
Check the photo on the left. You have finished the
heatsink installation.
Now hold the whole heatsink and slightly shake it,
make sure the buttom right side of the heaksink does
not contact the right side of the Socket (see bottom
picture). Otherwise, the processor die does not have
proper contact with the heatsink. This situation may
cause processor damage.
Remember to install the heatsink fan power cable to
the CPU fan header on the motherboard.
Now you can reinstall the motherboard back into the
chassis.
When all above procedures done, you can connect
the ATX power cable to the motherboard.
If you have different types of heatsink kit, please
refer to the manual that came with the heatsink kit.
The left photo shows another type of heatsink fix
plate design. The install sequences are still the same,
from right side to left side. Just remember that.
We strongly recommand you to buy a heatsink
with three holes in the fix plate. This will provide
the best stabability and won’t cause the Socket fix
hooks to be broken or damaged.
The left photo shows the bottom right side of the
heaksink in contact with the right side of the Socket.
In this situation, the processor die does not properly
contact the heatsink. If you start the computer at this
monent, it will immediately cause the processor
damage. Always check this place when you finish the
heatsink installation.
AT7/AT7E
Installing the Motherboard
2-5
2-2. Installing the Motherboard to the Chassis
After you install the processor to the motherboard, you can start to fix the motherboard into the chassis.
Most computer chassis will have a base on which there will be many mounting holes that allows the
motherboard to be securely attached and at the same time, prevents short circuits. There are two ways to
attach the motherboard to the base of chassis:
! With studs
! With spacers
Please refer to figure 2-3, which shows the studs and spacers. There may be several types, but all look
like the figures below:
In principle, the best way to attach the
motherboard is with studs. Only if you
are unable to do this should you attach the
board with spacers. Take a careful look at
the motherboard and you will see many
mounting holes on it. Line these holes up
with the mounting holes on the base. If
the holes line up and there are screw
holes this means you can attach the
motherboard with studs. If the holes line
up and there are only slots, this means
you can only attach the motherboard with
spacers. Take the tip of the spacers and
insert them into the slots. After doing this
to all the slots, you can slide the
motherboard into position aligned with
the slots. After the motherboard has been
positioned, check to make sure everything
is OK before putting the casing back on.
Figure 2-4 shows you the way to affix the
motherboard using studs or spacers.
Note
If the motherboard has mounting holes, but they don’t line up with the holes on the base and there are
no slots to attach the spacers, don’t worry, you can still attach the spacers to the mounting holes. Just
cut the bottom portion of spacers (the spacer they may be a little hard to cut, so be careful with your
hands). In this way you can still attach the motherboard to the base without worrying about short
circuits. Sometimes you may need to use the plastic springs to isolate the screw from the motherboard
PCB surface, because the circuit wire may be near by the hole. Be careful, don’t let the screw contact
any the printed circuit wire or parts on the PCB that are near the fixing hole, otherwise it may damage
the board or cause board malfunctioning.
User’s Manual
Chapter 2
2-6
2-3. Installing System Memory
This motherboard provides four 184-pin DDR DIMM sites for memory expansion. The DDR SDRAM
DIMM sockets support 8 M x 64 (64 MB), 16M x 64 (128 MB), 32 M x 64 (256 MB), 64 M x 64 (512
MB) and 128 M x 64 (1024 MB) or double density DDR SDRAM DIMM modules. Minimum memory is
64 MB and the maximum memory is 3 GB (Unbuffered, PC 1600 and PC 2100) / 2GB (Unbuffered,
PC 2700) or 3.5 GB (Registered, PC 1600 and PC 2100) / 3 GB (Registered, PC 2700) DDR SDRAM.
There are four memory module sockets on the system board (for a total of eight banks). In order to create
a memory array, following rules must be followed.
! Supports single and double density DDR DIMMs.
Table 2-1. Valid Memory Configurations
Bank
Memory Module
Bank 0, 1
64 MB, 128 MB, 256 MB,
(DDR DIMM1)
512 MB, 1024 MB
Bank 2, 3
64 MB, 128 MB, 256 MB,
(DDR DIMM2)
512 MB, 1024 MB
Bank 4, 5
64 MB, 128 MB, 256 MB,
(DDR DIMM3)
512 MB, 1024 MB
Bank 6, 7
64 MB, 128 MB, 256 MB,
(DDR DIMM4)
512 MB, 1024 MB
Total System Memory for Unbuffered DDR DIMM
(PC 1600/PC 2100)
Total System Memory for Registered DDR DIMM
(PC 1600/PC 2100)
Total System Memory for Unbuffered DDR DIMM
(PC 2700)
Total System Memory for Registered DDR DIMM
(PC 2700)
Total Memory
64 MB ~ 1 GB
64 MB ~ 1 GB
64 MB ~ 1 GB
64 MB ~ 1 GB
64 MB ~ 3 GB
64 MB ~ 3.5 GB
64 MB ~ 2 GB
64 MB ~ 3 GB
Generally, installing DDR SDRAM modules to your
motherboard is an easy thing to do. You can refer to
Figure 2-5 to see what a 184-pin PC 1600, PC 2100
and PC 2700 DDR SDRAM module looks like.
Unlike installing SIMMs, DIMMs may be
“snapped” directly into the socket. Note: Certain
DDR DIMM sockets have minor physical differences. If your module doesn't seem to fit, please do not
force it into the socket as you may damaged your memory module or DDR DIMM socket.
The following procedure will show you how to install a DDR DIMM module into a DDR DIMM socket.
Step 1. Before you install the memory module, please place the computer power switch in the off
position and disconnect the AC power cord from your computer.
Step 2. Remove the computer’s chassis cover.
AT7/AT7E
Installing the Motherboard
2-7
Step 3. Before touching any electronic components, make
sure you first touch an unpainted, grounded metal
object to discharge any static electricity stored on
your clothing or body.
Step 4. Locate your computer’s 184-pin memory
expansion DDR DIMM socket.
Step 5. Insert the DDR DIMM module into the expansion
socket as shown in the illustration. Note how the
module is keyed to the socket. You can refer to
Figure 2-6 for the details. This insures the DDR
DIMM module will be plugged into the socket in
one way only. Firmly press the DDR DIMM
module into DDR DIMM socket, making certain
the module is completely seated in the DDR
DIMM socket.
Step 6. Once the DDR DIMM module has been installed,
the installation is complete and the computer’s
cover can be replaced. Or you can continue to install other devices and add-on cards that are
mentioned in the following section.
Note
When you install a DDR DIMM module fully into the DDR DIMM socket, the eject tab should be
locked into the DDR DIMM module very firmly and fit into its indention on the both sides.
It is difficult to differentiate between the PC 1600, PC 2100 and PC 2700 DDR SDRAM modules from
the exterior. The only way you can identify them is to look at the sticker on the DDR SDRAM module.
The sticker will tell you which kind of structure module the DDR SDRAM is.
2-4. Connectors, Headers and Switches
Inside the case of any computer several cables and plugs have to be connected. These cables and plugs are
usually connected one-by-one to connectors located on the motherboard. You need to carefully pay
attention to any connection orientation the cables may have and, if any, notice the position of the first pin
of the connector. In the explanations that follow, we will describe the significance of the first pin.
We will show you all of the connectors, headers and switches here, and tell you how to connect them.
Please pay attention and read the entire section for necessary information before attempting to finish all of
the hardware installation inside the computer chassis.
Figure 2-7 shows you all of the connectors and headers that we’ll discuss in the next section, you can use
this diagram to visually locate each connector and header we describe.
User’s Manual
Chapter 2
2-8
Note
This components diagram will be slightly different because there are a number of models. We’ll use
the AT7 full version motherboard as standard; all descriptions of connector and header will be based
on the AT7 full version motherboard.
All connectors, headers and switches mentioned here, will depend on your system configuration. Some
features you may (or may not) have and need to connect or configure depending on the peripheral. If your
system doesn't have such add-on cards or switches you can ignore some special feature connectors.
Figure 2-7. All connectors and headers for the AT7
First, Let’s see the headers that AT7 uses, and what their functions are. We will show you all the
connectors and headers.
AT7/AT7E
Installing the Motherboard
2-9
(1). ATX1: ATX Power Input Connector
Attach the connector from the power supply to the
ATX1 connector here. Remember you have to push
the connector from the ATX power supply firmly to
the end with the ATX1 connector, insuring that you
have a good connection.
Note: Watch the pin position and the orientation.
Caution
If the power supply connectors are not properly attached to the ATX power supply, the power supply
or add-on cards may be damaged.
One end of AC power core connects to ATX power supply, and the other end (AC plug) will plug into
the wall outlet. Be aware that when facing the wall outlet, the round hole is in the middle. The right
side slot is called ground wire slot. It has a longer slot length than the left side slot. The left side slot is
called the live wire slot. You can use an electroscope to detect its polarity or you can use a voltage
meter to measure the voltage of both slot sides. If you insert an electroscope into the live wire slot, the
electroscope will light up. Using a voltage meter, you will find that the live wire slot will register a
higher voltage.
If you reverse the polarity of AC plug, it may affect the life of computer equipment, or cause an
electric shock when you touch the computer chassis. We suggest that you plug the computer AC plug
to a three-hole wall outlet for better safety and to avoid electric shock.
User’s Manual
Chapter 2
2-10
(2). FAN1, FAN2, FAN3, FAN4 and FAN5 Headers
Attach the connector from the processor fan to the
header named FAN1 or FAN2 and connector from
the front chassis fan to the header FAN4. Attach the
connector from the power fan or back chassis fan to
FAN3 header and attache the connector from
northbridge fan to the header named FAN5. You
must attach the processor fan to the processor, or
your processor will work abnormally or may be
damaged by overheating. To prevent the computer
chassis internal temperature from getting too high,
also connect the chassis fan.
Note: Watch the pin position and the orientation
(3). SMB1: System Management Bus (SM-Bus) Header
This header is reserved for the system management
bus (SM-Bus). The SM-Bus is a specific
2
2
implementation of an I C bus. I C is a multi-master
bus, this means that multiple chips can be connected
to the same bus and each one can act as a master by
initiating a data transfer. If more than one master
simultaneously tries to control the bus, an arbitration
procedure decides which master gets priority. You
can connect the devices which utilizes the SM-Bus.
Note: Watch the pin position and the orientation
AT7/AT7E
Installing the Motherboard
2-11
(4). TCPU1 & TSYS1: Temperature Thermistor
The TCPU1 is used to detect the CPU temperature.
The TSYS1 is used to detect the system
environment temperature. You can see the readings
in the BIOS or in the hardware monitoring
application main screen.
(5). USB3 and USB4 Headers: Additional USB Plugs Header
Thess headers are for connecting the additional USB
port plugs. Each connector can provides two
additional USB plugs. Which means, total you can
get two additional USB plugs from each connector.
You can use the special USB port expansion cable
to connect it (the cable come with the metal plate
can fixed on the back panel of computer chassis).
The USB3 is for USB 1.1 devices connection, and
USB4 is for USB 2.0 devices connection.
Note: Watch the pin position and the orientation
Note
The USB4 header supports USB 2.0 specification function, please use the special USB cable design
for USB 2.0 specifications. Otherwise, it may cause not stable or signal error situation.
User’s Manual
Chapter 2
2-12
(6). IEEE1 Header: IEEE 1394 Header (For AT7 Full Version Only)
This header is reserved for connection to the ABIT
Media XP product (Optional). The Media XP can
provide the total solution for the front panel
connections. It provided a various function, like a:
SD/MS/CF card reader, USB 2.0/IEEE 1394
connectors, S/PDIF-Out connector and
MIC/Earphone connectors. They all designed on one
5.25” diskette size panel, can fit on the chasses front
panel 5.25” diskette slot.
For detailed information of ABIT Media XP, please
see its user’s manual.
Note: Watch the pin position and the orientation
Note
You don’t need to install any additional drivers for IEEE 1394 devices. The newest operation system
will fully support this feature. For example: Windows® 2000, Windows® XP, etc.
(7). CCMOS1 Header: CMOS Discharge Jumper
Jumper CCMOS1 used to discharge CMOS memory.
When you install the motherboard, make sure this
jumper is set for normal operation (pin 1 and 2
shorted). See figure below.
Note: Watch the pin position and the orientation
AT7/AT7E
Installing the Motherboard
2-13
Note
Before you clear the CMOS, you have to first turn the power off (including the +5V standby power).
Otherwise, your system may work abnormally.
After updating your BIOS and before boot up, please clear the CMOS first. Then put the jumper to its
default position. After that, you can reboot your system and ensure that your system is working fine.
(8). FPIO1 Headers: The Headers for Chassis’s Front Panel Indicators and Switches
FPIO1 are for switches and indicators for the
chassis’s front panel, there are several functions that
come from this header. You have to watch the pin
position and the orientation, or you may cause LED
do not light up. Figure below shows you the FPIO1
functions of the pins.
FPIO1 (Pin 1 & 3): HDD LED Header
Attach the cable from the case’s front panel HDD LED to this header. If you install it in the wrong
direction, the LED light will not illuminate correctly.
Note: Watch the HDD LED pin position and the orientation.
FPIO1 (Pin 5 & 7): Hardware Reset Switch Header
Attach the cable from the case’s front panel Reset switch to this header. Press and hold the reset button
for at least one second to reset the system.
FPIO1 (Pin 15-17-19-21): Speaker Header
Attach the cable from the system speaker to this header.
FPIO1 (Pin 2 & 4): Suspend LED Header
Insert the two-threaded suspend LED cable into this header. If you install it in the wrong direction, the
LED light will not illuminate correctly.
Note: Watch the Suspend LED pin position and the orientation.
FPIO1 (Pin 6 & 8): Power On Switch Header
Attach the cable from the case’s front panel power on switch to this header.
User’s Manual
Chapter 2
2-14
FPIO1 (Pin 16-18-20): Power On LED Headers
There is a specific orientation for pins 1 through 3. Insert the three-threaded power on LED cable to this
header. Check to make sure the correct pins go to the correct connectors on the motherboard. If you
install them in the wrong direction, the power LED light will not illuminate correctly.
Note: Watch the power LED pin position and orientation.
For the PN1 and PN2 pin’s count-name list, please refer to table 2-2.
Table 2-2. FPIO1 pin count name list
PIN Name
PIN 1
PIN 3
PIN 5
PIN 7
PIN 9
FPIO1 PIN 11
PIN 13
PIN 15
PIN 17
PIN 19
PIN 21
PIN 23
Significance of signal
HDD LED (+)
HDD LED (-)
Reset SW (-)
Reset SW (+)
No Connection
No Pin
No Pin
Speaker (+5V)
Speaker (GND)
Speaker (GND)
Speaker (Driver)
No Pin
PIN Name
PIN 2
PIN 4
PIN 6
PIN 8
PIN 10
FPIO1 PIN 12
PIN 14
PIN 16
PIN 18
PIN 20
PIN 22
PIN 24
Significance of signal
SP-LED (+)
SP-LED (-)
PWR-ON (+)
PWR-ON (-)
No Pin
No Pin
No Pin
PWR LED (+)
No Pin
PWR LED (-)
No Connection
No Connection
(9). FPIO2 Header: Front Panel Input/Output Signals Header
You’ll see this header on AT7/AT7E motherboard.
This header is designed to connect the ABIT Media
XP product. This header can provide the analog
audio output signals for front right and front left
channel. It also provides one digital S/PDIF output
connector.
Note: Watching the pin position and the orientation
AT7/AT7E
Installing the Motherboard
2-15
(10). WOR1: Wake On Ring Header
If you have an internal modem adapter that supports
this feature, then you can connect the specific cable
from the internal modem adapter to this header. This
feature lets you wake up your computer via remote
control through the modem.
Note: Watch the pin position and the orientation
(11). WOL1: Wake on LAN Header
If you have a network adapter that supports this
feature, then you can connect the specific cable from
the network adapter to this header. This feature lets
you wake up your computer via remote control
through a local area network. You may need a
specific utility to control the wake up event, like
using the PCnet Magic Packet utility or other similar
utilities.
There are three types of WOL, “Remote Wake-Up
high (RWU-high)”, “Remote Wake-Up low
(RWU-low)”, and “Power Management Event
(PME)”. This motherboard supports the type of
“Remote Wake-Up low (RWU-low)” only.
Note: Watch the pin position and the orientation
User’s Manual
Chapter 2
2-16
(12). CD1 and AUX1 Headers: CD Audio and Auxiliary audio signal input headers
These connectors connect to the audio output of
internal CD-ROM drive or add-on card.
(13). FDC1 Connector
This 34-pin connector is called the “floppy disk
drive connector”. You can connect a 360K, 5.25”,
1.2M, 5.25”, 720K, 3.5’’, 1.44M, 3.5” or 2.88M,
3.5” floppy disk drive.
A floppy disk drive ribbon cable has 34 wires and
two connectors to provide the connection of two
floppy disk drives. After connecting the single end
to the FDD1, connect the two connectors on the
other end to the floppy disk drives. In general,
people only install one floppy disk drive on their
computer system.
Note
A red mark on a wire typically designates the location of pin 1. You need to align the wire pin 1 to the
FDC1 connector pin 1, then insert the wire connector into the FDC1 connector.
(14). IDE1, IDE2, IDE3, IDE4, IDE5 and IDE6 Connectors
This motherboard provides two IDE ports (IDE1 & IDE2) to connect up to four IDE devices in Ultra
DMA 133 mode by Ultra DMA 66 ribbon cables. Each cable has 40-pin 80-conductor and three
connectors, providing two hard drive connections with the motherboard. Connect the single end (blue
connector) at the longer length of ribbon cable to the IDE port on motherboard, and the other two ends
(gray and black connector) at the shorter length of the ribbon cable to the connectors on hard drives.
AT7’s built-in HighPoint HPT 374 chipset gives you the capability to support Ultra DMA 133. It
provides four IDE channels (IDE3, IDE4, IDE5 & IDE6) that also support Ultra DMA 133 specifications,
and it allows for eight additional IDE devices in your computer system. Especially, if you want to connect
AT7/AT7E
Installing the Motherboard
2-17
two or four HDDs to get RAID functions, it is very convenient for you to install the HDDs to IDE3, IDE4,
IDE5 or IDE6. See the Chapter 4 for detailed information about RAID settings. (For AT7 Full Version
Only)
If you want to connect two hard drives together
through one IDE channel, you must configure the
second drive to Slave mode after the first Master
drive. Please refer to the HDD documentation for
jumper settings. The first drive connected to IDE1 is
usually referred to as “Primary Master”, and the
second drive as “Primary Slave”. The first drive
connected to IDE2 is referred to as “Secondary
Master” and the second drive as “Secondary
Slave”.
Keep away from connecting one legacy slow speed
device, like CD-ROM, together with another hard
drive on the same IDE channel, this will decrease
your integral system performance.
Figure 2-8. Ultra DMA 66
Ribbon Cable Outline
Note
! The Master or Slave status of the hard disk drive is set on the hard disk itself. Please refer to the
hard disk drive user’s manual.
! To connect Ultra DMA 100 & Ultra DMA 133 devices on IDE1 to IDE6, an Ultra DMA 66 cable
is required.
! A red mark on a wire typically designates the location of pin 1. You need to align the wire pin 1 to
the IDE connector pin 1, before inserting the wire connector into the IDE connector.
! HPT 374 IDE controller is designed to support high-speed and high performance mass storage
devices. Thus, we suggest that you don’t connect non-disk devices that use ATA/ATAPI
interfaces, such as a CD-ROM, to HPT 374 IDE connector (IDE3 ~ IDE6). (AT7 Full Version
Only)
User’s Manual
Chapter 2
2-18
Figure 2-9. AT7 back panel connectors
Figure 2-9 shows the AT7 back panel connectors, these connectors are for connection to outside devices
to the motherboard. We will describe which devices will attach to these connectors below.
(15). USB Ports Connectors
This motherboard provides six USB ports (on back panel of motherboard). Four are complient with USB
1.1 specifications, and two are complient with USB 2.0 specification. Attach the USB cable connector
from the individual device to these connectors.
You can attach USB devices such as a, keyboard, mouse, printer, portable HDD, scanner, digital speakers,
monitor, hub, digital camera, joystick etc. to one of each USB connector. You must make sure your
operating system supports this feature and you may need to install an additional driver for individual
devices. Please refer to your device user’s manual for detailed information.
Note
Please use the special USB cable designed for USB 2.0 specifications. Otherwise, it may cause not
stable or signal error situation.
(16). IEEE 1394 Ports (For AT7 Full Version Only)
These two ports supports IEEE 1394 specifications. Attach the IEEE 1394 cable connector from the
individual device to these connectors.
The IEEE 1394 high-speed serial bus provides enhanced PC connectivity for consumer electronics
audio/video (A/V) appliances, storage peripherals, other PCs, and portable devices. Such as DV recoder,
DVD recording, etc.
IEEE 1394 provides a Plug and Play-compatible expansion interface for the PC. The 100 Mbps, 200
Mbps and 400 Mbps transfer rates currently specified in IEEE 1394.a and the enhancements in
IEEE 1394.b are well suited to multi-streaming I/O requirements. The Microsoft® Windows® operating
system offers strong built-in support for IEEE 1394.
(17). OPT2:S/PDIF-Out Connector
This connector can let you using the optical cable to connection the device, and transfer the digital data
through it. You can connect this signal to the digital decoder to decode and transfer the digital signal to
the analog signal.
AT7/AT7E
Installing the Motherboard
2-19
(18). Audio1 and Audio2 Connectors
Audio1 and Audio2 connectors are audio connectors for analog audio signal in or out.
Mic In Connector: You can connect the plug from the microphone to this connector. Do not connect
other audio (or signal) sources to this connector.
Line In Connector: You can connect the TV adapter audio output signal, or external audio sources, like
a CD walkman, video camcorder, VHS recorder audio output signal plug to this connector. Your audio
software can control the input level for the line-in signal.
Front Right + Left Channel Connector: You can connect the plug from the front channel speakers or
front channel amplifier to this connector. Please make sure you are connect to the front channel speakers
or front channel amplifier correctly, otherwise you may get the wrong sound positioning.
Rear Right + Left Channel Connector: You can connect the plug from the rear channel speakers or rear
channel amplifier to this connector. Please make sure you are connect to the rear channel speakers or rear
channel amplifier correctly, otherwise you may get the wrong sound positioning.
Center + Subwoofer Channel Connector: You can connect the plug from the center/subwoofer channel
speakers or center/subwoofer channel amplifier to this connector. Please make sure you are connect to the
center/subwoofer channel speakers or center/subwoofer channel amplifier correctly, otherwise you may
get the wrong sound positioning.
(19). 10/100 Mb LAN Port Connector
This motherboard provides one built-in 10/100 Mb LAN port, this jack is for connecting the RJ-45 cable
from the local area network hub to your computer. We suggest you use the category 5 UPT (Unshielded
Twisted Pair) or STP (Shielded Twisted Pair) cable to make this connection. The connection length from
the hub to the computer is best to be kept under 100 meter.
The green LED shows the connection situation. If the network active well, this LED will light on. The
yellow LED shows if the data is active or not. If the computer is translating or receiving data from the
network, this LED will flicker.
Note
This chapter contains many color drawing diagram and photos, we strongly recommend you to read
this chapter use the PDF file we gave you that store in the CD-Title. It will provide you the better look
and clearly color identify.
User’s Manual
2-20
AT7/AT7E
Chapter 2
Introducing the BIOS
3-1
Chapter 3. Introducing the BIOS
The BIOS is a program located on a Flash Memory chip on the motherboard. This program will not be
lost when you turn the computer off. This program is also referred to as the boot program. It is the only
channel the hardware circuit has to communicate with the operating system. Its main function is to
manage the setup of the motherboard and interface card parameters, including simple parameters such as
time, date, hard disk drive, as well as more complex parameters such as hardware synchronization, device
operating mode, SoftMenu III features and and setup of CPU speed. The computer will operate normally,
or will operate at its best, only if all of these parameters are correctly configured through the BIOS.
'
Don’t change the parameters inside the BIOS unless you fully understand the meanings
and consequences
The parameters inside the BIOS are used to setup the hardware synchronization or the
device-operating mode. If the parameters are not correct, they will produce errors, the computer will
crash, and sometimes you will even not be able to boot the computer after it has crashed. We
recommend that you do not change the parameters inside the BIOS unless you are very familiar with
them. If you are not able to boot your computer anymore, please refer to the section “CCMOS1
Header” in Chapter 2 to see how to discharge the CMOS date.
When you start the computer, the BIOS program controls it. The BIOS first operates an auto-diagnostic
test called POST (Power On Self Test) for all of the necessary hardware. It then configures the
parameters of the hardware synchronization, and detects all of the hardware. Only when these tasks are
completed does it give up control of the computer to the program to the next level, which is the operating
system (OS). Since the BIOS is the only channel for hardware and software to communicate, it is the key
factor for system stability, and in insuring that your system performs at its best. After the BIOS has
achieved the auto-diagnostic and auto-detection operations, it will display the following message:
PRESS DEL TO ENTER SETUP
The message will be displayed for three to five seconds, if you press the Del key, you will access the
BIOS Setup menu. At that moment, the BIOS will display the following message:
Figure 3-1. CMOS Setup Utility
User’s Manual
Chapter 3
3-2
In the BIOS Setup main menu of Figure 3-1, you can see several options. We will explain these options
step by step in the following pages of this chapter, but let us first see a short description of the function
keys you may use here:
!
Press Esc to quit the BIOS Setup.
!
Press ↑↓←→ (up, down, left, right) to choose, in the main menu, the option you want to confirm
or to modify.
!
Press F10 when you have completed the setup of BIOS parameters to save these parameters and to
exit the BIOS Setup menu.
!
Press Page Up/Page Down or +/- keys when you want to modify the BIOS parameters for the active
option.
Note
Parts of the screenshot may not same as you see on your screen, because the BIOS version may
change periodically. However, most of the functions covered in this manual will work. We suggest
that you go to our WEB site often to see if there are new manual releases. Then you can check the
newly updated BIOS items.
Computer Knowledge: CMOS Data
Maybe you have heard somebody saying that his or her CMOS DATA was lost. What is the CMOS?
Is it important? The CMOS is the memory used to store the BIOS parameters that you have
configured. This memory is passive. You can read its data, and you can also store data in it. But this
memory has to be powered by a battery, in order to avoid any loss of its data when the computer is
turned off. Since you may have to change the CMOS battery when it is out of power and if doing so,
you will loose all CMOS data, therefore, we recommend that you write down all the parameters of
your hardware, or to put a label with these parameters on your hard disk.
AT7/AT7E
Introducing the BIOS
3-3
3-1. CPU Setup [SOFT MENU™ III]
The CPU can be setup through a programmable switch (CPU SOFT MENU™ III), that replaces the
traditional manual hardware configuration. This feature allows the user to more easily complete the
installation procedures. You can install the CPU without configuring any jumpers or switches. The CPU
must be setup according its specifications. In the first option, you can press <Enter> at any time to
display all the items that can be chosen for that option.
Figure 3-2. CPU SOFT MENU™ III
CPU Name Is:
! AMD Athlon (tm) XP
! AMD Athlon (tm)
! AMD Duron (tm)
CPU Operating Speed:
This option sets the CPU speed. In this field, the CPU speed is indicated like this: CPU speed = External
clock * Multiplier factor, select the CPU speed according the type and the speed of your CPU. For AMD
Athlon™ XP, Athlon™ and Duron™ processors, you can choose the following settings (This example is for
AMD Athlon™ XP processor):
!User Define
!1500+ (133)
!>=2000+ (133)
!1600+ (133)
!1700+ (133)
!1800+ (133) !1900+ (133)
Note
The display of this item might be different when you installed the different type of processors. We just
show you an example here.
User defined external clock and multiplier factor:
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3-4
! User Defined
%%%% Warning %%%%
The wrong settings of the multiplier and external clock in certain circumstances may cause CPU
damage
The wrong settings of the multiplier and external clock in certain circumstances may cause CPU
damage. Setting the working frequency higher than the specifications of PCI or of processor may
cause abnormal memory module functioning, system hangs, hard disk drive data loss, abnormal
functioning of the VGA card, or abnormal functioning with other add-on cards. Using
non-specification settings for your CPU is not the intention of this explanation, for which should be
used for engineering testing only, not for normal applications.
If you use non-specification settings for normal operation, your system may not be stable, and may
effect system reliability. Also, we do not guarantee the stability and compatibility for settings that are
not within specification, and any damage of any elements on the motherboard or peripherals, is not
our responsibility.
" CPU FSB Clock (MHz):
You can increase the CPU FSB clock speed here. This means that you can independently increase
the CPU FSB clock speed. The DEC (decimal) numbers from 100 to 250 are available, with the
default setting at 100. You can change this setting to increase CPU FSB clock speed. CPU FSB
speed above the standard bus speed is supported, but not guaranteed due to the CPUspecs.
" Ratio (FSB:AGP:PCI):
Three options are available: 3:2:1 ( 4:2:1 ( 5:2:1. This item lets you set the processor Front
Side Bus, AGP and PCI clock. It correlates with the processor FSB clock you set. Many of options
are available, you can choose the divider ratio you want. If the setting is 3:2:1. In this case, the
AGP clock will be the processor FSB clock divided by 3 and times 2. The PCI clock will be the
processor FSB clock divided by 3 and times 1.
Note: According your processor FSB frequency, the default values will change also.
" Multiplier Factor:
Three are several settings, shown as below:
!x5
!x9.5
!x5.5
!x10
!x6
!x10.5
!x6.5
!x11
!x7
!x11.5
!x7.5
!x12
!x8
!x8.5
!x9
!x12.5/13 !over x13
" Enhance For Benchmark:
Two options are available: Disabled ( Enabled. The default setting is Disabled. This item can
improving your processor and system performance.
" Speed Error Hold:
Two options are available: Disabled ( Enabled. The default setting is Disabled. If you change the
setting to Enabled when the CPU speed setting is wrong, the system will hold.
Normally, we do not recommend that you use the “User Define” option to setup CPU speed and PCI
clock. This option is for setup of future CPUs whose specifications are still unknown. The specifications
of all present CPUs are included in the default settings. Unless you are very familiar with all CPU
parameters, it is very easy to make mistakes when you define the external clock and the multiplier factor
by yourself.
AT7/AT7E
Introducing the BIOS
3-5
Solution in case of booting problem due to invalid clock setup:
Normally, if the CPU clock setup is wrong, you will not be able to boot. In this case, turn the system off
then on again. The CPU will automatically use its standard parameters to boot. You can then enter the
BIOS Setup again and set up the CPU clock. If you can’t enter the BIOS setup, you must try turning the
system on a few times (3~4 times) or press “INSERT” key when turning on and the system will
automatically use its standard parameters to boot. You can then enter BIOS SETUP again and set up the
new parameters.
When you change your CPU:
This motherboard has been designed in such a way that you can turn the system on after having inserted a
CPU in the socket without having to configure any jumpers or DIP switches. But if you change your CPU,
normally you just have to turn off the power supply (mechanical off), change the CPU and then, set up the
CPU parameters through SOFT MENU™ III. However, if the new CPU is slower than the old one (and is
same brand and type), we offer you two methods to successfully complete the CPU change operation.
Method 1: Setup up the CPU for the lowest speed for its brand. Turn the power supply off (mechanical
off) and change the CPU. Then turn the system on again, and set up the CPU parameters
through SOFT MENU™ III.
Method 2: Since you have to open the computer case when you change the CPU, it could be a good idea
to use the CCMOS jumper to erase the parameters of the original CPU and to enter BIOS
Setup to set up CPU parameters again.
Attention
After setting up the parameters and leaving the BIOS SETUP, and having verified that the system can
be booted, do not press the Reset button or turn off the power supply. Otherwise the BIOS will not
read correctly, the parameters will fail and you must enter SOFT MENU™ III again to set up the
parameters all over again.
CPU Power Supply:
This option allows you to switch between Default and User Define voltages.
! CPU Default: The system will detect the CPU type and select the proper voltage automatically. When
it is enabled, the option “Vcore Voltage” will show the current voltage setting that is
defined by the CPU and this will not be changeable. We recommend using this CPU
default setting and not changing it unless the current CPU type and voltage setting can
not be detected or is not correct.
! User Define: This option lets the user select the voltage manually. You can change values of the
“Core Voltage”, “I/O Voltage” and “DDR Voltage” option lists by using the arrow up
and arrow down keys.
CPU Fast Command Decode:
Three options are available: Normal ( Fast ( Ultra. The default setting is Normal. With this setting,
you may select item if you want CPU decode address is faster or normal. We suggest you choose Normal
for greatest stability. Should you want increased performance then you can select Fast or Ultra.
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Chapter 3
3-6
3-2. Standard CMOS Features Setup Menu
This contains the basic configuration parameters of the BIOS. These parameters include date, hour, VGA
card, floppy disk and HDD settings.
Figure 3-3A. Standard CMOS Setup Screen Shot
Date (mm:dd:yy):
You can set the date in this item: month (mm), date (dd) and year (yy).
Time (hh:mm:ss):
You can set the time in this item: hour (hh), minute (mm) and second (ss).
AT7/AT7E
Introducing the BIOS
3-7
IDE Primary Master / Slave and IDE Secondary Master / Slave:
These items have a sub-menu to let you choose further options. You can refer to figure 3-3B to check
what options are available.
Figure 3-3B. IDE Primary Master Setup Screen Shot
IDE HDD Auto-Detection:
When you press the <Enter> key for the BIOS to auto detect all detailed parameters of the hard disk
drivers (HDD). If auto detection is successful, the correct values will be shown in the remaining items of
this menu.
Note
) A new IDE HDD must be first formatted, otherwise it can’t be read or write. The basic step in
using a HDD is to run FDISK, and then FORMAT the drive. Most current HDDs have already
been subjected to low-level format at the factory, so you can probably skip this operation.
Remember though, the primary IDE HDD must have its partition set to active within the FDISK
procedure.
* If you are using an old HDD that is already formatted, auto detection can’t detect the correct
parameters. You may need to do a low-level format or set the parameters manually, and then check
if the HDD is working.
IDE Primary Master:
Three settings are available: None ( Auto ( Manual. The default setting is Auto. If you choose Auto,
the BIOS will automatically check what kind hard disk you are using. If you want to set the HDD
parameters yourself, make sure you fully understand the meaning of the parameters, and be sure to refer
to the manual provided by the HDD manufacture to get the settings right.
User’s Manual
Chapter 3
3-8
" Access Mode:
Since old operating systems were only able to support HDDs with capacities no bigger than 528 MB,
any hard disk with more than 528 MB was unusable. AWARD BIOS features a solution to this
problem: you can, according to your operating system, choose four operating modes: CHS ( LBA
( Large (Auto.
The HDD auto detection option in the sub-menu will automatically detect the parameters of your hard
disk and the mode supported.
! CHS (Normal mode):
Standard normal mode supports hard disks of up to 528 MB or less. This mode directly uses positions
indicated by Cylinders (CYLS), Heads, and Sectors to access data.
! LBA (Logical Block Addressing) mode:
The earlier LBA mode can support HDD capacities of up to 8.4 GB, and this mode uses a different
method to calculate the position of disk data to be accessed. It translates Cylinders (CYLS), Heads
and Sectors into a logical address where data is located. The Cylinders, Heads, and Sectors displayed
in this menu do not reflect the actual structure of the hard disk, they are just reference values used to
calculate actual positions. Currently, all high capacity hard disks support this mode, that’s why we
recommend you use this mode. Currently, the BIOS can support the INT 13h extension function,
enabling the LBA mode to support hard disk drive capacities exceeding 8.4 GB.
! Large Mode:
When the number of cylinders (CYLs) of the hard disk exceeds 1024 and DOS is not able to support it,
or if your operating system does not support LBA mode, you should select this mode.
! Auto:
Just let the BIOS detect your HDD access mode and make the decisions.
" Capacity:
This item auto displays your HDD size. Note that this size is usually slightly greater than the size
given by a disk checking program of a formatted disk.
Note
All the items below are available when you set the item Primary IDE Master to Manual.
" Cylinder:
When disks are placed directly above one another along the shaft, the circular vertical "slice"
consisting of all the tracks located in a particular position is called a cylinder. You can set the number
of cylinders for a HDD. The minimum number you can enter is 0, the maximum number you can
enter is 65536.
" Head:
This is the tiny electromagnetic coil and metal pole used to create and read back the magnetic patterns
on the disk (also called the read/write head). You can configure the number of read/write heads. The
minimum number you can enter is 0, the maximum number you can enter is 255.
" Precomp:
The minimum number you can enter is 0, the maximum number you can enter is 65536.
AT7/AT7E
Introducing the BIOS
3-9
Warning
Setting a value of 65536 means no hard disk exists.
" Landing Zone:
This is a non-data area on the disk's inner cylinder where the heads can rest when the power is turned
off. The minimum number you can enter is 0, the maximum number you can enter is 65536.
" Sector:
The minimum segment of track length that can be assigned to stored data. Sectors usually are grouped
into blocks or logical blocks that function as the smallest units of data permit. You can configure this
item to sectors per track. The minimum number you can enter is 0, the maximum number you can
enter is 255.
Driver A & Driver B:
If you have installed the floppy disk drive here, then you can select the type of floppy drive it can support.
Six options are available: None ( 360K, 5.25 in. ( 1.2M, 5.25in. ( 720K, 3.5 in. ( 1.44M, 3.5 in. (
2.88M, 3.5 in.
Floppy 3 Mode Support:
Four options are available: Disabled ( Driver A ( Driver B ( Both. The default setting is Disabled. 3
Mode floppy disk drives (FDD) are 3.5” drives used in Japanese computer systems. If you need to access
data stored in this kind of floppy, you must select this mode, and of course you must have a 3 Mode
floppy drive.
Video:
You can select the VGA modes for your video adapter, four options are available: EGA/VGA ( CGA 40
( CGA 80 ( MONO. The default setting is EGA/VGA.
Halt On:
You can select which type of error will cause the system to halt. Five options are available: All Errors (
No Errors ( All, But Keyboard ( All, But Diskette ( All, But Disk/Key. The default setting is All, But
Keyboard.
You can see your system memory list in the lower right box, it shows the Base Memory, Extended
Memory and total Memory size configurations in your system. It is detected by the system during boot-up
procedure.
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3-10
3-3. Advanced BIOS Features Setup Menu
In each item, you can press <Enter> at any time to display all the options for this item.
Attention
Advanced BIOS Features Setup Menu has already been set for maximum operation. If you do not
really understand each of the options in this menu, we recommend you use the default values.
Figure 3-4A. Advanced BIOS Features Setup Upper Screen
Figure 3-4B. Advanced BIOS Features Setup Lower Screen
Virus Warning:
Two options are available: Enabled or Disabled, the default setting being Disabled.
When this feature is enabled, if there is any attempt from a software or an application to access the boot
sector or the partition table, the BIOS will warn you that a boot virus is attempting to access the hard disk.
CPU L2 Cache ECC Checking:
Two options are available: Enabled or Disabled. The default setting is Enabled. This item is used to
enable or to disable the CPU level 2 cache ECC checking function.
AT7/AT7E
Introducing the BIOS
3-11
Quick Power On Self Test:
Two options are available: Enabled or Disabled, the default setting is Enabled. After the computer has
been powered on, the BIOS of the motherboard will run a series of tests in order to check the system and
its peripherals. If the Quick Power on Self-Test feature is enable, the BIOS will simplify the test
procedures in order to speed up the boot process.
First Boot Device:
When the computer boots up, the BIOS attempts to load the operating system from the devices in the
sequence selected in these items: floppy disk drive A, LS120, ZIP100 devices, hard drive C, SCSI hard
disk drive or CD-ROM. There are ten options for the boot sequence that you can choose (The default
setting is Floppy.):
Eleven options are available: Floppy ( LS120 ( HDD-0 ( SCSI ( CDROM ( HDD-1 ( HDD-2
( HDD-3 ( ZIP100 ( LAN ( Disabled ( Back to Floppy. The default setting is Floppy. (For
AT7E Only)
Twelve options are available: Floppy ( LS120 ( HDD-0 ( SCSI ( CDROM ( HDD-1 ( HDD-2
( HDD-3 ( ZIP100 ( LAN ( ATA133RAID ( Disabled ( Back to Floppy. The default setting is
Floppy. (For AT7 Full Version Only)
Second Boot Device:
Description is the same as the First Boot Device, the default setting is HDD-0.
Third Boot Device:
Description is same as the First Boot Device, the default setting is LS120.
Boot Other Device:
Two options are available: Disabled or Enabled. The default setting is Enabled. This setting allows the
BIOS to try to boot devices other than the three which are listed in the above First, Second and Third
Boot Devices. If you set to Disabled, the BIOS will boot from only the three kinds of boot devices that
are set above.
Swap Floppy Drive:
Two options are available: Disabled or Enabled. The default setting is Disabled. When this feature is
enabled, you don’t need to open the computer case to swap the position of floppy disk drive connectors.
Drive A can be set as drive B and drive B can be set as drive A.
Boot Up Floppy Seek:
Two options are available: Disabled or Enabled. The default setting is Disabled. When the computer
boots up, the BIOS detects if the system has a FDD or not. When this item is set to Disabled, if the BIOS
detects no floppy drive, it will display a floppy disk drive error message. If this item is disabled, the BIOS
will skip this test.
Boot Up NumLock Status:
! Off: At boot up, the Numeric Keypad is in cursor control mode.
! On: At boot up, the Numeric Keypad is in numeric mode. (Default Settings)
User’s Manual
Chapter 3
3-12
Typematic Rate Setting:
Two options are available: Disabled or Enabled. The default setting is Enabled. This item allows you to
adjust the keystroke repeat rate. When set to Enabled, you can set the two keyboard typematic controls
that follow (Typematic Rate and Typematic Delay). If this item is set to Disabled, the BIOS will use the
default setting.
Typematic Rate (Chars/Sec):
Eight options are available: 6 ( 8 ( 10 ( 12 ( 15 ( 20 ( 24 ( 30 ( Back to 6. The default
setting is 30. When you press a key continuously, the keyboard will repeat the keystroke according to the
rate you have set (Unit: characters/second).
Typematic Delay (Msec):
Four options are available: 250 ( 500 ( 750 ( 1000 ( Back to 250. The default setting is 250. When
you press a key continuously, if you exceed the delay you have set here, the keyboard will automatically
repeat the keystroke according to a certain rate (Unit: milliseconds).
Security Option:
This option can be set to System or Setup. The default setting is Setup. After you have created a password
through PASSWORD SETTING, this option will deny access to your system (System) or modification of
computer setup (BIOS Setup) by unauthorized users.
!SETUP:
When you choose Setup, a password is required only when accessing the BIOS Setup. If
the correct password is not given, you can’t enter the BIOS setup menu. (Default setting)
!SYSTEM: When you choose System, a password is required each time the computer boots up. If the
correct password is not given, the system will not start.
To disable security, select Set Password at main menu and then you will be asked to enter password. Do
not type anything and just press the Enter key and it will disable security. Once security is disabled, the
system will boot and you can enter the BIOS setup menu freely.
Notice
Don’t forget your password. If you forget the password, you will have to open the computer case and
clear all information in the CMOS before you can start up the system. But by doing this, you will have
to reset all previously set options.
APIC Mode:
Two options are available: Disabled or Enabled. If you set to Enabled, the next item will be available to
choose. When you set it to Disabled, the system will use the default six PCI IRQs for all devices, and will
not increase the number of PCI IRQs.
" MPS Version Control For OS:
This option specifies which version of MPS the motherboard will use.
Three options available: 1.1 ( 1.4. MPS stands for Multi-Processor Specification. If you use an older
OS for dual processor executing, please set this option to 1.1.
AT7/AT7E
Introducing the BIOS
3-13
OS Select For DRAM > 64MB:
Two options are available: Non-OS2 or OS2. The default setting is Non-OS2. When the system memory
is bigger than 64MB, the communication method between the BIOS and the operating system will differ
from one operating system to another. If you use OS/2, select OS2; if you are using another operating
system, select Non-OS2.
Report No FDD For OS:
Two options are available: No or Yes. The default setting is No.When you running some older Windows
operating system (such as: Windows® 95) without floppy drive, set this item to Yes. Otherwise, set it to
No.
Video BIOS Shadow:
Two options are available: Disabled or Enabled. The default setting is Enabled. This option is used to
define whether the BIOS on the video card uses the shadow feature or not. You should set this option to
Enabled, otherwise the display performance of the system will greatly decrease.
Computer Knowledge: SHADOW
What is the SHADOW? The BIOS of standard video or interface cards is stored in ROM, and it is
often very slow. With the Shadow feature, the CPU reads the BIOS on the VGA card and copies it
into RAM. When the CPU runs this BIOS, the operation is speeded up.
Delay IDE Initial (Secs):
This item is used to support some old models or special types of hard disks or CD-ROMs. They may need
a longer amount of time to initialize and prepare for activation. Since the BIOS may not detect those
kinds of devices during system booting. You can adjust the value to fit such devices. Larger values will
give more delay time to the device. The minimum number you can enter is 0, the maximum number you
can enter is 15. The default setting is 0.
Small Logo(EPA) Show:
Two options are available: Disabled or Enabled. The default setting is Disabled. If you set to Enabled,
when computer reboot then you can see the EPA logo on the up right corner of the screen.
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Chapter 3
3-14
3-4. Advanced Chipset Features Setup Menu
The Chipset Features Setup Menu is used to modify the contents of the buffers in the chipset on the
motherboard. Since the parameters of the buffers are closely related to hardware, if the setup is not correct
or is false, the motherboard will become unstable or you will not be able to boot up. If you don’t know the
hardware very well, use default values (i.e. use the “Load Fail-Safe Defaults” or “Load Optimized
Defaults” option).
Figure 3-5A. Advanced Chipset Features Setup Screen
You can use the arrow keys to move between the items. Use PgUP, PgDn, + or - key to change the values.
When you have finished setting up the chipset, press <ESC> to go back to the main menu.
Note
The parameters in this screen are for system designers, service personnel, and technically competent
users only. Do not reset these values unless you understand the consequences of your changes.
AT7/AT7E
Introducing the BIOS
3-15
DRAM Clock/Drive Control:
This item can let you set several items concerning the DRAM parameters. If you do not understand what
each item does, please keep the default settings. Wrong settings may cause system unstablity, data loss or
even prevent boot up!
Figure 3-5B. DRAM Clock/Drive Control Upper Screen
Figure 3-5C. DRAM Clock/Drive Control Lower Screen
Current FSB Frequency:
This item will show you the current system front side bus speed.
Current DRAM Frequency:
This item will show you the current DRAM bus speed.
DRAM Clock:
Four options are available: 100 MHz ( 133 MHz ( 166 MHz ( By SPD. The default setting is By
SPD. You can set the DRAM running speed, but if your DRAM module does not support the set speed,
the system may be unstable or unable to boot up! If you set to By SPD, the BIOS will read the DRAM
module SPD data and automatically set the DRAM running speed to the value stored in it.
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3-16
Note
The display of this item might be different when you installed the different type of DDR SDRAM. We
just show you an example here.
What’s SPD?
SPD (Serial Presence Detect) is a feature available on a number of SDRAM/DDR SDRAM DIMM
modules that solves industry-wide compatibility problems by making it easier for the BIOS to
properly configure the system to fit SDRAM performance profiles.
The SPD device is a small serial EEPROM chip that stores various information about the DIMM
module’s size, speed, voltage, drive strength, latency timing and the number of row and column
addresses. When the BIOS reads these parameters during POST, it automatically adjusts the values in
the CMOS Advanced Chipset Features screen for maximum reliability and performance.
Without SPD, the BIOS (or user) must make assumptions about the DIMM’s parameters. Many users
have found that their system will not boot if they are using non-SPD SDRAM DIMMs. As SDRAM
and DDR SDRAM DIMM’s is running at very fast clock speed and there is less room for error. An
incorrect BIOS assumption about an SDRAM and DDR SDRAM DIMM’s parameters can have
serious consequences (e.g. failure to boot or fatal exception errors).
DRAM Timing:
Two options are available: By SPD or Manual. The default setting is Manual. When set to “By SPD”, the
BIOS will read the DRAM module SPD data and automatically set to the values stored in it. If you set to
“Manual”, the following five items will be available to let you make adjustments.
DRAM CAS Latency:
Two options are available: 2.5 and 2. The default setting is 2.5. You can select SDRAM CAS (Column
Address Strobe) latency time according your SDRAM specification.
Bank Interleave:
Three options are available: Disabled ( 2 Bank ( 4 Bank. The default setting is Disabled. Depending
on your SDRAM module structure, the 4-Way setting can offer the best performance. If you choose the
wrong setting, the computer system will not run in a stable manner. For detailed information on your
SDRAM module, please ask your SDRAM module manufacturer.
Precharge to Active (Trp):
Two options are available: 2T or 3T. The default setting is 3T.
Trp timing value (Precharge time – time from precharge command to when back can be activated).
Active to Precharge (Tras):
Two options are available: 5T or 6T. The default setting is 6T.
Tras timing value = Minimum bank active time from activate to precharge of same bank.
AT7/AT7E
Introducing the BIOS
3-17
Active to CMD (Trcd):
Two options are available: 2T or 3T. The default setting is 3T.
Trcd timing value = RAS to CAS latency + rd/wr command delay
DDR DQS Input Delay:
Two options are available: Auto or Manual. The default setting is Auto. If you set to Manual, then the
next item will be available.
" Input Delay Value:
This item allows you to adjust the data input strobe delay time of memory. You can key in the HEX
number into this section. The minimum number is 0000, and maximum number is 00FF.
DDR DQS Output Delay:
Two options are available: Auto or Manual. The default setting is Auto. If you set to Manual, then the
next item will be available.
" Output Delay Value:
This item allows you to adjust the data output strobe delay time of memory. You can key in the HEX
number into this section. The minimum number is 0000, and maximum number is 00FF.
MD Drive Strength:
Four options are available: Auto ( Low ( Medium ( High. The default setting is Auto. This item can
adjust the drive strength for data sent to DDR SDRAM. This will depend on your DDR SDRAM
specification and numbers to set. More DDR SDRAM DIMM installed, you may set it to High.
DIMM1&2 CMD Drive Strength:
Four options are available: Auto ( Low ( Medium ( High. The default setting is Auto. This item can
adjust the drive strength for command sent to DDR SDRAM (This adjustment for DIMM 1 and DIMM 2
only). This will depend on your DDR SDRAM specification and numbers to set. More DDR SDRAM
DIMM installed, you may set it to High.
DIMM3&4 CMD Drive Strength:
Four options are available: Auto ( Low ( Medium ( High. The default setting is Auto. This item can
adjust the drive strength for command sent to DDR SDRAM (This adjustment for DIMM 3 and DIMM 4
only). This will depend on your DDR SDRAM specification and numbers to set. More DDR SDRAM
DIMM installed, you may set it to High.
Enhance DRAM Performance:
Two options are available: Disabled or Enabled. The default setting is Disabled. This item can improve
your system DRAM performance.
DRAM Access:
Two options are available: 2T ( 3T. The default setting is 3T. This item allow you to choose the DRAM
access time cycle, 2T can let you get quick DRAM acess time than 3T, and 3Tis a general DRAM setting.
User’s Manual
Chapter 3
3-18
DRAM Queue Depth:
Three options are available: 2 Level ( 4 Level ( 3 level. The default setting is 4 Level. This item sets
DRAM queue depth to accommodate maximum memory throughput.
DRAM Command Rate:
Two options are available: 2T Command or 1T Command. The default setting is 2T Command. When the
host (northbridge) locates the desired memory address, it then processes the wait state of commands. Set
it to 2T Command for system compatibility or to 1T Command for system performance.
DCLK Feedback Delay:
Nine options are available: Auto ( 0 ps ( 120 ps ( 240 ps ( 360 ps ( 480 ps ( 600 ps ( 720 ps
( 840 ps. The default setting is Auto. The northbridge via DCLK feedback signal to sense the DRAM
clock timing of DRAM module. This item will effect the DRAM module’s stability, we suggestion you
set to Auto.
AGP & P2P Bridge Control:
This item can let you sets several items concerning the AGP parameters. If you do not understand what
each item doing, please keep the default settings as well. Wrong settings will cause system unstablity or
even prevent boot up!
Figure 3-5D. AGP & P2P Bridge Control Screen
AT7/AT7E
Introducing the BIOS
3-19
AGP Aperture Size:
Seven options are available: 256M ( 128M ( 64M ( 32M ( 16M ( 8M ( 4M (Back to 256M.
The default setting is 64M. This option specifies the amount of system memory that can be used by the
AGP device. The aperture is a portion of the PCI memory address range dedicated for graphics memory
address space. Host cycles that hit the aperture range are forwarded to the AGP without any translation.
See www.agpforum.org for AGP information.
AGP Mode:
Two options are available: 4X ( 2X. The default setting is 4X (When you installed AGP 4X adapter). If
you use the older AGP adapter that does not support AGP 4X mode, BIOS will automatically set it to 2X.
AGP Driving Control:
Two options are available: Auto or Manual. The default setting is Auto. Choosing Manual to key in an
AGP Driving Value is described within the next section. It is recommended this field be set to Auto in
order to avoid any errors in your system.
AGP Driving Value:
This item allows you to adjust the AGP driving force. You can key in the HEX number into this section.
The minimum number is 0000, and maximum number is 00FF.
AGP Fast Write:
Two options are available: Disabled or Enabled. The default setting is Disabled. If your AGP adapter can
support this function, then you can choose Enabled. Otherwise, choose Disabled.
AGP Read Synchronization:
Two options are available: Disabled or Enabled. The default setting is Disabled. Thi sitem can set AGP
data read transaction to synchronization mode.
Enhance AGP Performance:
Two options are available: Disabled or Enabled. The default setting is Disabled. This item can improve
the AGP display performance.
AGP Master 1 WS Write:
Two options are available: Disabled or Enabled. The default setting is Disabled. This implements a single
delay when writing to the AGP Bus. When you set it to Enabled, two-wait states are used by the system,
allowing for greater stability.
AGP Master 1 WS Read:
Two options are available: Disabled or Enabled. The default setting is Disabled. This implements a single
delay when reading to the AGP Bus. When you set it to Enabled, two-wait states are used by the system,
allowing for greater stability.
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3-20
CPU & PCI Bus Control:
This item can let you sets several items concerning the PCI parameters. If you do not understand what
each item does, please keep the default settings as well. Wrong settings will cause system unstablity.
Figure 3-5E. CPU & PCI Bus Control Screen
PCI Master Read Caching:
Two options are available: Disabled or Enabled. The default setting is Disabled. This item can set PCI
bus master read use cache function.
PCI Master Bus Time-Out:
Eight options are available: Disabled ( 001 ( 010 ( 011 ( 100 ( 101 ( 110 (111. The default
setting is Disabled. It can set the time-out period, when after the set time-out period, PCI bus master will
force into arbitration.
Master Priority Control:
Four options are available: Disabled ( 01 ( 10 ( 11. The default setting is Disabled. The full named
of thius item is Master Priority Rotation Control. When setting to “01”, the CPU will always be granted
access after the current bus master completes, no matter how many PCI masters are requesting. With
setting to “10”, if other PCI masters are requesting during the current PCI master grant, the highest
priority master will get the bus after the current master completes. But the CPU will be guaranteed to get
the bus after that master completes. With setting to “11”, if other PCI masters are requesting, the highest
priority will get the bus next, then the next highest priority will get the bus, then the CPU will get the bus.
In other words, with the above settings, even if multiple PCI masters are continuously requesting the bus,
the CPU is guaranteed to get access after every master grant (01), after every other master grant (10) or
after every third master grant (11).
AT7/AT7E
Introducing the BIOS
3-21
PCI1 Master 0 WS Write:
Two options are available: Enabled or Disabled. The default setting is Enabled. When Enabled, writes to
the PCI1 bus are executed with zero wait state (immediately) when PCI1 bus is ready to receive data. If it
is set to Disabled, the system will wait one state before data is written to the PCI1 bus.
PCI2 Master 0 WS Write:
Two options are available: Enabled or Disabled. The default setting is Enabled. When Enabled, writes to
the PCI2 bus are executed with zero wait state (immediately) when PCI2 bus is ready to receive data. If
set to Disabled, the system will wait one state before data is written to the PCI2 bus.
PCI1 Post Write:
Two options are available: Disabled or Enabled. The default setting is Enabled. When you set it to
Enabled, it can enable PCI post write buffers to minimize PCI1 master read latency.
PCI2 Post Write:
Two options are available: Disabled or Enabled. The default setting is Enabled. When you set it to
Enabled, it can enable PCI post write buffers to minimize PCI2 master read latency.
PCI Delay Transaction:
Two options are available: Disabled or Enabled. The default setting is Disabled. The chipset has an
embedded 32-bit posted write buffer to support delay transactions cycles. Select Enabled to support
compliance with PCI specification version 2.1.
Master Delay Transaction:
Two options are available: Disabled or Enabled. The default setting is Disabled. This item settings will
effect the system performance.
Back to Advanced Chipset Features Setup Menu Here:
System BIOS Cacheable:
Two options are available: Disabled or Enabled. The default setting is Disabled. When you select
Enabled, you get faster system BIOS executing speed via the L2 cache.
Video RAM Cacheable:
Two options are available: Disabled or Enabled. The default setting is Disabled. When you select Enable,
you get faster video RAM executing speed via the L2 cache. You must check your VGA adapter manual
to find out if any compatibility problems will occur.
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3-5. Integrated Peripherals
In this menu, you can change the onboard I/O device, I/O port address and other hardware settings.
Figure 3-6A. Integrated Peripherals Menu Default Screen
Onboard FDD Controller:
Two options are available: Disabled or Enabled. The default setting is Enabled. This is used to enable or
disable the Onboard FDD Controller. If you add a higher performance controller, you will need to
Disable this feature.
VIA OnChip IDE Device:
This item can let you sets several items concerning the VIA OnChip IDE device parameters.
Figure 3-6B. VIA OnChip IDE Device Screen
AT7/AT7E
Introducing the BIOS
3-23
IDE Prefetch Mode:
Two options are available: Disabled or Enabled. The default setting is Enabled. The onboard IDE drive
interfaces supports IDE prefetching for faster drive accesses. If you install a primary and/or secondary
add-in IDE interface, set this field to Disabled if the interface does not support prefetching.
Onboard IDE-1 Controller:
The onboard IDE 1 controller can be set as Disabled or Enabled. The default setting is Enabled.
" Master Drive PIO Mode:
!Auto: The BIOS can auto-detect the transfer mode of the IDE devices in order to set its data
transfer rate (Default). You can select the PIO mode from 0 to 4 of the IDE devices in order
to set its data transfer rate.
" Slave Drive PIO Mode:
!Auto: The BIOS can auto-detect the transfer mode of the IDE devices in order to set its data
transfer rate (Default). You can select the PIO mode from 0 to 4 of the IDE devices in order
to set its data transfer rate.
" Master Drive Ultra DMA:
Ultra DMA is a DMA data transfer protocol that utilizes ATA commands and the ATA bus to allow
DMA commands to transfer data at a maximum burst rate of 133 MB/sec.
!Disabled: If you encounter the problem of using Ultra DMA devices, you can try to set this item to
Disabled.
!Auto:
When you select Auto, the system automatically determines the optimal data transfer rate
for each IDE device. (Default)
" Slave Drive Ultra DMA:
!Disabled: If you encounter the problem of using Ultra DMA devices, you can try to set this item to
Disabled.
!Auto:
When you select Auto, the system automatically determines the optimal data transfer rate
for each IDE device. (Default)
Onboard IDE-2 Controller:
The onboard IDE 2 controller can be set as Enabled or Disabled. Description is the same as the item
“Onboard IDE-1 Controller”. You can refer the above description.
PIO MODE 0 ~ 4 reflects the IDE device data transfer rate. The higher the MODE value is, the better the
IDE device data transfer rate. However, it does not mean that the highest MODE value can be selected.
You first have to be sure that your IDE device supports this MODE. Otherwise, the hard disk will not be
able to operate normally.
Back to Integrated Peripherals Setup Menu Here:
VIA-3058 AC97 Audio:
Two options are available: Auto or Disabled. The default setting is Auto. Your motherboard has the
built-in AC97 Codec that can support AC97 specifications. If you set this controller to Auto, you can use
AC97 audio functions.
User’s Manual
3-24
Chapter 3
Init Display First:
Two options are available: PCI Slot or AGP. The default setting is PCI Slot. When you install more than
one display card, you can choose either a PCI display card (PCI Slot) or an AGP display card (AGP) to
display the boot-up screen. If you have only installed one display card, the BIOS will detect which slot
(AGP or PCI) you installed it, and everything will be taken care of by the BIOS.
USB Controller (Only controlled USB 1.1 ports):
Four options are available: All Disabled ( All Enabled ( 1 USB Port ( 2 USB Port. The default
setting is All Enabled. This should be enabled if your system has a USB device installed on the system
board and you wish to use it. If you add a higher performance controller, you will need to disable this
feature. If you choose disable this item, the “USB Keyboard Support” item will disappear in Integrated
Peripherals menu.
" USB Keyboard Support:
Two options are available: OS and BIOS. The default setting is BIOS. If your operating system
supports a USB keyboard, please set it to OS. Only in some situations, such as in a pure DOS
environment that does not support a USB keyboard, should you set it to BIOS.
" USB Mouse Support:
Two options are available: OS ( BIOS. The default setting is BIOS. If your operating system
supports a USB mouse, please set it to OS. Only in some situations, such as in a pure DOS
environment that does not support a USB mouse, should you set it to BIOS.
Onboard USB 2.0 Controller:
Two options are available: Disabled or Enabled. The default setting is Enabled. Your motherboard has the
built-in USB 2.0 chipset that can support USB 2.0 specifications. If you set this controller to Enabled, you
can use USB 2.0 functions.
Onboard IEEE1394 Controller (For AT7 Full Version Only):
Two options are available: Disabled or Enabled. The default setting is Enabled. If your motherboard is
the AT7 full version, it has the built-in IEEE 1394 chipset that can support IEEE 1394 specifications. If
you set this controller to Enabled, you can use IEEE 1394 functions.
Onboard LAN Controller:
Two options are available: Disabled or Enabled. The default setting is Enabled. Your motherboard has the
built-in LAN chipset that can support LAN functions. If you set this controller to Enabled, you can use
LAN functions.
" Onboard Lan Boot ROM:
Two options are available: Enabled or Disabled. The default setting is Disabled. When you set to
Enabled, even you do not connect bootable devices on your computer system, the system will
searching the bootable file through the local network. If system fined the bootable file on local
network, it will load it and use it to boot your computer system.
AT7/AT7E
Introducing the BIOS
3-25
ATA 133 RAID Controller (For AT7 Full Version Only):
Two options are available: Disabled or Enabled. The default setting is Enabled. If your motherboard is
the AT7 full version, it has the built-in HighPoint 374 chipset that can support Ultra ATA 133
specifications. If you set this controller to Enabled, you can use IDE RAID functions, inlcuding RAID 0,
RAID 1 and RAID 0+1. This feature enables you to maximize your data storage performance and security.
For detailed information, please refer to the Chapter 4.
3-6. Power Management Setup Menu
When the computer operates normally, it is in Normal mode. In this mode, the Power Management
Program will monitoring the access to video, I/O ports and drives, and the operating status of the
keyboard, mouse and other device. These are referred to as Power Management Events. In cases where
none of these events occur within setting time, the system enters the power saving mode. When one of the
controlled events occurs, the system immediately returns to normal mode and operates at its maximum
speed.
1. In the Main Menu, select “Power Management Setup” and press <Enter>. The following screen is
displayed:
Figure 3-7A. Power Management Setup Main Menu
2. You can use the arrow keys to move between the items. Use PgUP, PgDn, + or - key to change the
values. When you have finished setting up the chipset, press <Esc> to go back to the main menu.
3. After you have configured the Power Management feature, press <Esc> to go back to the Main Menu.
We are now going to briefly explain the options in this menu:
ACPI Function (Advanced Configuration and Power Interface):
ACPI gives the operating system direct control over the power management and Plug and Play functions
User’s Manual
Chapter 3
3-26
of a computer. The BIOS is fully support the ACPI functions. If you want ACPI functions to work
normally, you should notice two things. One is your operating system must support ACPI, as of now only
Microsoft® Windows® 2000, Windows® ME and Windows® XP supports these functions. The second
thing is that all devices and add-on cards in your system must fully support ACPI, both hardware and
software (drivers). If you want to know if your devices or add-on cards support ACPI or not, please
contact the device or add-on card manufacture for more information. If you want to know more about
ACPI specifications, please go to the address below for more detailed information:
http://www.teleport.com/~acpi/acpihtml/home.htm
ACPI requires an ACPI-aware operating system. ACPI features include:
! Plug and Play (including bus and device enumeration) and APM functionality normally contained in
the BIOS.
! Power management control of individual devices, add-in cards (some add-in cards may require an
ACPI-aware driver), video displays, and hard disk drives.
! A Soft-off feature that enables the operating system to power off the computer.
! Support for multiple wake-up events (see Table 3-6-1).
! Support for a front panel power and sleep mode switch. Table 3-6-2 describes the system states based
on how long the power switch is pressed, depending on how ACPI is configured with an ACPI-aware
operating system.
System States and Power States
Under ACPI, the operating system directs all system and device power state transitions. The operating
system puts devices in and out of low-power states based on user preferences and knowledge of how
devices are being used by applications. Devices that are not being used can be turned off. The operating
system uses information from applications and user settings to put the system as a whole into a low-power
state.
The table below describes which devices or specific events can wake the computer from specific states.
Table 3-6-1: Wake Up Device and Events
These device/events can wake up the computer
Power switch
RTC alarm
PCI Card (PME)
Modem
USB
from this state
Sleeping mode or power off mode
Sleeping mode or power off mode
Sleeping mode or power off mode
Sleeping mode or power off mode
Sleeping mode
Table 3-6-2: Effect of Pressing the Power Switch
If the system is in this
state……
Off
On
On
Sleep
……and the power switch is
pressed for
Less than four seconds
More than four seconds
Less than four seconds
Less than four seconds
……the system enters this
state
Power on
Soft off/Suspend
Fail safe power off
Wake up
ACPI Suspend Type:
Two options are available: S1 (POS) ( S3 (STR). The default setting is S1 (POS). POS is “Power On
AT7/AT7E
Introducing the BIOS
3-27
Suspend”, and STR is “Suspend To RAM”. Generally, ACPI has six states: System S0 state, S1 state, S2
state, S3 state, S4 state, S5 state. S1 and S3 states are described below:
The S1 (POS) State (POS means Power On Suspend):
While the system is in the S1 sleeping state, its behavior is as described below:
! The processor is not executing instructions. The processor’s complex context is maintained.
! Dynamic RAM context is maintained.
! Power Resources are in a state compatible with the system S1 state. All Power Resources that supply a
System Level reference of S0 are in the OFF state.
! Devices states are compatible with the current Power Resource states. Only devices which solely
reference Power Resources which are in the ON state for a given device state can be in that device state.
In all other cases, the device is in the D3 (off) state.
! Devices that are enabled to wake the system and that can do so from their current device state can
initiate a hardware event which transitions the system state to S0. This transition causes the processor
to continue execution where it left off.
To transition into the S1 state, the operating software does not have to flush the processor's cache.
The S3 (STR) State (STR means Suspend to RAM):
The S3 state is logically lower then the S2 state and is assumed to conserve more power. The behavior of
this state is defined as follows:
! Processor is not executing instructions. The processor complex context is not maintained.
! Dynamic RAM context is maintained.
! Power Resources are in a state compatible with the system S3 state. All Power Resources that supply a
System Level reference of S0, S1, or S2 are in the OFF state.
! Devices states are compatible with the current Power Resource states. Only devices which solely
reference Power Resources which are in the ON state for a given device state can be in that device state.
In all other cases, the device is in the D3 (off) state.
! Devices that are enabled to wake the system and that can do so from their current device state can
initiate a hardware event which transitions the system state to S0. This transition causes the processor
to begin execution at its boot location. The BIOS performs initialization of core functions as required to
exit an S3 state and passes control to the firmware resume vector. Please see the ACPI Specification
Rev. 1.0 book section 9.3.2 for more details on BIOS initialization.
From the software point of view, this state is functionally the same as the S2 state. The operational
difference can be that some Power Resources that could be left ON in the S2 state might not be available
to the S3 state. As such, additional devices can be required to be in logically lower D0, D1, D2, or D3
state for S3 than S2. Similarly, some device wake events can function in S2 but not S3.
Because the processor context can be lost while in the S3 state, the transition to the S3 state requires that
the operating software flush all dirty cache to DRAM.
+ Above information for system S1 were refer to ACPI Specification Rev. 1.0.
User’s Manual
Chapter 3
3-28
Modem Use IRQ:
Eight options are available: NA ( 3 ( 4 ( 5 ( 7 ( 9 ( 10 ( 11 ( Back to NA. The default setting
is NA. You can specify the IRQ for modem use.
Soft-Off by PWRBTN:
Two options are available: Delay 4 Sec or Instant-Off. The default setting is Instant-Off. It is activated
when the user presses the power button for more than four seconds while the system is in the working
state, then the system will transition to the soft-off (Power off by software). This is called the power
button over-ride.
State After Power Failure:
Three options are available: Auto ( On ( Off. The default setting is Off. This setting lets you set the
system action after a power failure. This item lets you set the system power state when power recovers. If
you set it to Off, when power returns, whatever state your computer was in before the power failure, the
system will always turn off. If you set it to On, when power returns, whatever state your computer was in
before the power failure, the system will always turn on. If you set it to Auto, when the power returns, the
computer return to the previous power state.
IRQ/Event Activity Detect:
The following is a list of IRQ’s (Interrupt ReQuests) and list of the events. When an I/O device wants to
gain the attention of the operating system, it causes an IRQ or event to occur. When the operating system
is ready to respond to the request, it interrupts itself and performs the service.
Figure 3-7B. IRQ/Event Activity Detect Setup Menu
USB Resume from S3:
Two options are available: Disabled or Enabled. The default setting is Disabled. When set to Enabled,
any event occurring at a USB port will awaken a system from S3 state.
AT7/AT7E
Introducing the BIOS
3-29
VGA:
Two items available: OFF or ON. The default setting is OFF. When set to ON, any event occurring at a
VGA port will awaken a system that has powered down.
HDD & FDD:
Two items are available: OFF or ON. The default setting is ON. When set to ON, any event affecting a
hard disk drive or floppy drive port will awaken a system that has powered down.
PCI Master:
Two items are available: OFF or ON. The default setting is OFF. When set to ON, any event affecting the
PCI Master signal will awaken a system that has powered down.
PowerOn by PCI Card (PME):
Two items are available: Disabled or Enabled. The default setting is Disabled. When set to Enabled, any
event affecting PCI card (PME) will awaken a system that has powered down.
Wake Up On LAN/Ring :
Two items are available: Disabled or Enabled. The default setting is Disabled. When set to Enabled, any
event affecting the LAN or modem ring will awaken a system that has powered down. The effective
signal must come from WOL or WOR.
RTC Alarm Resume:
Two items are available: Disabled or Enabled. The default setting is Disabled. When set to Enabled, you
can set the date and time at which the RTC (real-time clock) alarm awakens the system from Suspend
mode.
" Date (of Month) / Resume Time (hh:mm:ss):
You can set the Date (month) Alarm and Time Alarm (hh:mm:ss). Any event occurring will awaken a
system that has powered down.
IRQs Activity Monitoring:
The following is a list of IRQ’s, Interrupt ReQuests. When an I/O device wants to gain the attention of
the operating system, it causes an IRQ to occur. When the operating system is ready to respond to the
request, it interrupts itself and performs the service.
When one of the specified events occurs, the count down for entry into the power saving mode goes back
to zero. Since the computer will enter a power saving mode only after a specified inactivity delay (time
specific for Doze, Standby and Suspend modes) and after there has been no activity during this time
period, any event will cause the computer to re-count the time elapsed. Resume events are operations or
signals that cause the computer to resume time counting.
User’s Manual
Chapter 3
3-30
Figure 3-7C. IRQ Wakeup Events Setup Menu
All Interrupt Event:
Two options are available: Off or Manual. The default setting is Manual. When you set this item to
Manual, the following IRQ events will be available for adjustment.
When set to Disabled, activity will neither prevent the system from going into a power management mode
nor awaken it. Each item has two options: Enabled ( Disabled.
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
IRQ3 (Reserved): The default setting is Disabled.
IRQ4 (Reserved): The default setting is Disabled.
IRQ5 (Reserved): The default setting is Disabled.
IRQ6 (Floppy Disk): The default setting is Enabled.
IRQ7 (Reserved): The default setting is Disabled.
IRQ8 (RTC Alarm): The default setting is Disabled.
IRQ9 (IRQ2 Redir): The default setting is Disabled.
IRQ10 (Reserved): The default setting is Disabled.
IRQ11 (Reserved): The default setting is Disabled.
IRQ12(Reserved): The default setting is Disabled.
IRQ13 (Coprocessor): The default setting is Enabled.
IRQ14 (Hard Disk): The default setting is Enabled.
IRQ15 (Reserved): The default setting is Disabled.
AT7/AT7E
Introducing the BIOS
3-31
3-7. PnP/PCI Configurations Setup Menu
In this menu, you can change the INT# and IRQ# of the PCI bus and other hardware settings.
Figure 3-8A. PnP/PCI Configurations Setup Menu
Force Update ESCD:
Two options are available: Disabled or Enabled. The default setting is Disabled. Normally, you should
leave this field Disabled. Select Enabled to reset Extended System Configuration Data (ESCD) when you
exit Setup if you have installed a new add-on and the system reconfiguration has caused a serious conflict
that prevents the operating system from booting.
Computer Knowledge: ESCD (Extended System Configuration Data)
The ESCD contains the IRQ, DMA, I/O port, memory information of the system. This is a
specification and a feature specific to the Plug & Play BIOS.
Resources Controlled By:
When resources are controlled manually, assign each system interrupt as one of the following types,
depending on the type of device using the interrupt:
Legacy devices compliant with the original PC AT bus specification require a specific interrupt. PCI PnP
devices comply with the Plug and Play standard, whether designed for the PCI or legacy bus architecture.
Two options are available: Auto (ESCD) or Manual. The default setting is Auto (ESCD). The Award Plug
and Play BIOS has the capability to automatically configure all boot and Plug and Play compatible
devices. If you select Auto (ESCD), all of the interrupt request (IRQ) fields become unselectable, as the
BIOS automatically assigns them.
User’s Manual
Chapter 3
3-32
" IRQ Resources:
If you have trouble in assigning the interrupt resources automatically, you can select Manual to set
which IRQis assigned to which PCI Device or Reserved it. See the screen shot below.IRQ Resources:
If you have trouble in assigning the interrupt resources automatically, you can select Manual to set
which IRQis assigned to which PCI device or reserve it. See the screen shot below.
Figure 3-8B. IRQ Resources Setup Menu
PCI /VGA Palette Snoop:
Two options are available: Disabled or Enabled. The default setting is Disabled. This option allows the
BIOS to preview VGA Status, and to modify the information delivered from the Feature Connector of the
VGA card to the MPEG Card. This option can set the display inversion to black after you have used the
MPEG card.
Assign IRQ For VGA:
Two options are available: Disabled or Enabled. The default setting is Enabled. Name the interrupt
request (IRQ) line assigned to the USB/VGA/ACPI (if any) on your system. Activity of the selected IRQ
always awakens the system.
You can assign an IRQ for the either PCI or AGP VGA or Disabled.
Assign IRQ For USB:
Two options are available: Disabled or Enabled. The default setting is Enabled. If you need free up
another IRQ, you can choose to disable this item to an IRQ. However, some situations in Windows® 95
may cause the USB port to malfunction or experience other problems!
AT7/AT7E
Introducing the BIOS
3-33
PIRQ_0 Use IRQ No. ~ PIRQ_3 Use IRQ No.:
Eleven options are available: Auto, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15. Default setting is Auto. This item
allows the system to automatically specify the IRQ number for the device installed on PCI slots. This
means that the system can specify the fixed IRQ number for the device installed on the PCI slots (or
onboard PCI devices). This is a useful function for when you want to fix the IRQ for a specific device.
For example, if you want to move your hard disk to another computer and don’t want to re-install
Windows® NT or Windows® 2000, you can simply specify the IRQ for the device installed on the new
computer to fit the original computer settings.
This feature is for the operating system that will record and fix the PCI configuration status if you want to
change it.
For the relations between the hardware layout of PIRQ (the signals from the VIA VT8233A chipset),
INT# (means PCI slot IRQ signals) and devices, please refer to the table below:
SIGNALS
PIRQ_0 Assignment
PIRQ_1 Assignment
PIRQ_2 Assignment
PIRQ_3 Assignment
PCI
Slot 1
INT B
INT C
INT D
INT A
PCI
Slot 2
INT A
INT B
INT C
INT D
PCI
Slot 3
INT D
INT A
INT C
INT B
USB
2.0
x
INT B
INT C
INT A
LAN
INT A
x
x
x
IEEE
1394
x
INT A
x
x
HPT
374
x
x
INT A
x
AGP
INT A
INT B
x
x
Note
! PCI slot 2 shares IRQ signals with the AGP slot.
! PCI slot 1 and USB controllers share an IRQ.
! If you want to install two PCI cards into those PCI slots that share IRQ with one another at the
same time, you must make sure that your OS and PCI devices’ driver supports the IRQ sharing
function.
User’s Manual
Chapter 3
3-34
3-8. PC Health Status
You can set the warning and shutdown temperatures for your computer system, and you can check the fan
speeds and power supply voltages of your computer system. The features are useful for monitoring all the
important parameters within your computer system. We call it the PC Health Status.
Figure 3-9. PC Health Status Screen Shot
Temperature Warning:
Eight options are available: Disabled ( 50℃/122℉ ( 53℃/127℉ ( 56℃/133℉ ( 60℃/140℉ (
63℃/145℉ ( 66℃/151℉ ( 70℃/158℉. The default setting is Disabled. You can set the processor
warning temperature here. If the processor temperature exceeds the settings value, the system will give
you an alarm message or sound to remind you that the processor is overheating.
All Voltages, Fans Speed and Thermal Monitoring:
These items list the current states of the CPU and environment (using RT1 and RT2 to detect them.)
temperatures as well as fan speeds (CPU fan and chassis fan). It cann’t be changed by the user. The
following items list the voltage states of the system power. It is also unchangeable.
CPU Shutdown Temperature:
Five options are available: Disabled ( 60℃/140℉ ( 65℃/149℉ ( 70℃/158℉ ( 75℃/167℉.
The default setting is Disabled. You can set the processorshutdown temperature here. If the processor
temperature exceeds the settings value, system will force to shutdown to protect the processor not
overheat.
Shutdown when CPUFAN Fail:
Two options are available: Disabled or Enabled. The default setting is Disabled. If you set it to Enabled,
if CPUFAN out of order, system will force to shutdown to protect the processor not overheat.
AT7/AT7E
Introducing the BIOS
3-35
Note
The hardware monitoring features for temperatures, fans and voltages will occupy the I/O address
from 294H to 297H. If you have a network adapter, sound card or other add-on cards that might use
those I/O addresses, please adjust your add-on card I/O address, to avoid the use of those addresses.
3-9. Load Fail-Safe Defaults
When you press <Enter> on this item you get a confirmation dialog box with a message similar to:
Load Fail-Safe Defaults (Y/N)? N
Pressing “Y” loads the BIOS default values for the most stable, minimal-performance system operations.
3-10. Load Optimized Defaults
When you press <Enter> on this item you get a confirmation dialog box with a message similar to:
Load Optimized Defaults (Y/N)? N
Pressing “Y” loads the default values that are factory settings for optimal performance system operations.
3-11. Set Password
Set Password: Can enter but do not have the right to change the options of the setup menus. When you
select this function, the following message will appear at the center of the screen to
assist you in creating a password.
ENTER PASSWORD:
Type the password, up to eight characters in length, and press <Enter>. The password typed now will
clear any previously entered password from CMOS memory. You will be asked to confirm the password.
Type the password again and press <Enter>. You may also press <Esc> to abort the selection and not
enter a password.
To disable a password, just press <Enter> when you are prompted to enter the password. A message will
confirm the password will be disabled. Once the password is disabled, the system will boot and you can
enter Setup freely.
User’s Manual
Chapter 3
3-36
PASSWORD DISABLED.
When a password has been enabled, you will be prompted to enter it every time you try to enter Setup.
This prevents an unauthorized person from changing any part of your system configuration. Additionally,
when a password is enabled, you can also require the BIOS to request a password every time your system
is rebooted. This would prevent unauthorized use of your computer. You determine when the password is
required within the BIOS Features Setup Menu and its Security option. If the Security option is set to
System, the password will be required both at boot and at entry to Setup. If set to Setup, prompting only
occurs when trying to enter Setup.
3-12. Save & Exit Setup
Pressing <Enter> on this item asks for confirmation:
Save to CMOS and EXIT (Y/N)? Y
Pressing “Y” stores the selections made in the menus in CMOS - a special section of memory that stays
on after you turn your system off. The next time you boot your computer, the BIOS configures your
system according to the Setup selections stored in CMOS. After saving the values the system is restarted
again.
3-13. Exit Without Saving
Pressing <Enter> on this item asks for confirmation:
Quit without saving (Y/N)? Y
This allows you to exit Setup without storing in CMOS any change. The previous selections remain in
effect. This exits the Setup utility and restarts your computer.
AT7/AT7E
RAID Setting Guide
4-1
Chapter 4. RAID Setting Guide
For detail RAID introduce and concept, you can found it on our WEB site “Technological Terms”, or
you can search the concerning information on Internet. We do not description it on this manual.
4-1. The features of RAID on the AT7
The AT7 supports Striping (RAID 0), Mirroring (RAID 1), or Striping/Mirroring (RAID 0+1) operation.
For the striping operation, the identical drives can read and write data in parallel to increase performance.
The Mirroring operation creates a complete backup of your files. Striping with Mirroring operation offers
both high read/write performance and fault tolerance although requiring 4 hard disks in order to do so.
4-2. RAID SETUP on the AT7
Enter Advanced BIOS Features in the BIOS setup. Change the settings of “First Boot Device”, “Second
Boot Device” and “Third Boot Device” to read ATA133RAID. See Figure 4-1.
Figure 4-1. RAID settings in BIOS
User’s Manual
4-2
Chapter 4
4-3. The BIOS Setting Menu
Reboot your system. Press <CTRL> and <H> key while booting up the system to enter the BIOS setting
menu. The main menu of BIOS Setting Utility appears as below:
For selecting the option in the menu, you may:
! Press F1 to view array status.
! Press ↑↓ (up, down arrow) to choose the option you want to confirm or to modify.
! Press Enter to confirm the selection.
! Press Esc to return to top menu.
NOTE
If you want to create a RAID 0 (striping) array or RAID 0+1 array, all data in your hard disk will first
be erased! Please backup the hard disk data before creating a RAID array. If you want to create a
RAID 1 (mirroring) array, please be sure which hard disk is the source disk and which one is the
destination disk. If you make a mistake, you may copy the blank data to the source disk, which will
result in both hard disks becoming blank!
AT7/AT7E
RAID Setting Guide
4-3
4-3-1. OPTION 1: Create Array
This item allows you to create a RAID array.
After you had selected the function from the main menu, press the <Enter> key to enter the sub menu as
shown below:
Array Mode:
This item allows you to select the appropriate RAID mode for the desired array. There are four modes to
choose.
Note
It is highly recommended to attach hard disks with the same brand and same model when defining a
RAID array.
" RAID 0 (Striping) for Performance:
This item is recommended for high performance usage. Requires at least 2 disks.
" RAID 1 ( Mirroring) for Data Protection:
This item is recommended for data security usage. Requires at least 2 disks.
" RAID 0/1 (Mirrored Striping):
This item is recommended for data security and high performance usage. Allows Mirroring with a
Strip Array. Require four drives.
User’s Manual
4-4
Chapter 4
" JBOD (Volume):
This item is recommended for high capacity without redundancy or performance features usage.
Requires at least 2 disks.
Array Name:
You can give a name of your array here.
Select Disk Drives:
This item allows you to select the disk drives to be used with the RAID array.
Block Size:
There are eight options available: 16K, 32K, 64K, 128K, 256K, 512K, 1M and 2M. This item allows you
to select the block size of the RAID array.
Start Creation Process:
After you have made your selection, choose this item and press <Enter> to start creation.
4-3-2. OPTION 2: Delete Array
This item allows you to remove a RAID Array on this onboard IDE RAID controller.
Note: After you have made and confirmed this selection, all the data stored in the hard disk will be lost.
(The entire partition configuration will be deleted too.)
4-3-3. OPTION 3: Create/Delete Spare
Create Spare:
In the menu zone, select item “3. Create/Delete Spare” and press <Enter> to confirm.
If you are not creating the RAID system yet, screen will show you the warning message, tell you the
current system do not create the RAID system. If you choose create the RAID system, then you can select
the spare disk you want to creat.
In the validated channel status zone, select the spare disk to be added and press <Enter> to confirm.
AT7/AT7E
RAID Setting Guide
4-5
Delete Spare:
In the menu zone, select item “3. Create/Delete Spare” and press <Enter> to confirm.
In the validated channel status zone, select the spare disk to be removed and press <Enter> to confirm.
Note
You can creat more than one spare disk in the system, if you want to removed them, do the step
mentioned in “Delete Spare” several times, then you can delete all the spare disks you created.
4-3-4. OPTION 4: Select Boot Disk
This item allows you to select the boot disk among the hard disk(s).
Use the up/down arrow to select the menu option to “Select Boot Disk” and press <Enter>. In the
Channel Status, select the channel you would like to set as bootable disk and press <Enter>, an asterisk
appears in the parentheses to indicate that the channel has been selected.
Tips
We suggestion you to set the RAID function use “RAID Management Software” provide on the
product CD-ROM, it will give you more convenience and more help information to show you how to
create the RAID system. The detailed of software operation, you can refer the software “Help” menu.
User’s Manual
4-6
AT7/AT7E
Chapter 4
HPT 374 Driver Installation
5-1
Chapter 5. HPT 374 Driver Installation
Here we will show you the driver installation procedure under various operating systems.
5-1. DOS®
This IDE RAID BIOS supports DOS® 5.x (or above) and Windows® 3.1x without the software driver.
5-2. Windows® 2000
Step 1: Insert the AT7 series CD into your
CD-ROM drive. It should execute the program
automatically. If not, you can go to the CD
location and execute the execution file at the
main directory of the CD. After it has been
executed, you will see the screen below.
Step 4: You will now see the welcome screen
and its dialogue box. Click “Next>” to go on.
Step 2: Move the cursor to “HPT 374 Driver”
and click on it. You will go to the next screen.
Step 5: The “Digital Signature Not Found”
menu show up. Click “Yes” to go on. This screen
will show up again, please click “Yes” to go on.
Step 3: The “InstallShield Wizard” shows up,
and it will go to the next screen for a while.
User’s Manual
5-2
Step 6: Program will start to install all drivers the
system needs. The installer will show the install
progress percentage.
Chapter 5
Step 9: The “Digital Signature Not Found”
menu appears. Click “Yes” to continue. This
screen will show up again, please click “Yes” to
go on.
Step 7: Windows has completed installing the
driver. Click “Finish” to end the installation.
Step 10: Go to the “Control Panel” ( “System
Properties” ( “Device Manager”. Now you
can see that the driver is installed under the item
of “SCSI and RAID controllers”.
Step 8: Choose “Yes, I want to restart my
computer now.” in the check box and click
“Finish”restart your computer to finish the driver
update.
AT7/AT7E
HPT374 Software Installation
5-3
Installing the driver (During a fresh Windows® 2000 installation)
Note: Follow the standard procedures for installing Windows® 2000.
1. During the first part of the setup procedure, Windows® 2000 will prompt you to press “F6” key to
specify an additional device. Press “F6” key, and let Windows continue on with setup. It will
continue to scroll through various device listings for several minutes. It will then prompt you to
press the “S” key to add a device.
2. Press “S” key, and insert the HPT 374 driver diskette. Press <Enter> when prompted and allow
Windows® 2000 to install the HPT 374 drivers.
3. Windows® 2000 will continue and complete the installation procedure.
User’s Manual
5-4
AT7/AT7E
Chapter 5
HPT 374 RAID Management Software Installation Guide for Windows® 2000
6-1
Chapter 6. HPT 374 RAID Management Software
Installation Guide for Windows® 2000
In order to enable the on-screen monitoring function displaying disk array device information, you may
install the “HPT 374 RAID Management” onto your system. The main features of this administrator are
described below:
1. It can let you monitor the status of HDDs that are connected on HPT 374 controller. It can show the
RAID types and status on screen.
2. It can directly create any mode of the RAID function in a Windows environment, making it easier and
more user friendly than creating the RAID function in BIOS mode.
Please insert the AT7 series CD into your CD-ROM drive. It should execute the program automatically. If
not, you can go to the CD location and execute the execution file from the main directory of the CD.
After it is executed, you will see the screen shot below.
Step 1: Move the cursor to “HPT374 RAID
Management” and click on it to go to the next
step.
Step 3: You will now see the welcome screen
and its dialogue box. Click “Next>” to go on.
Step 2: The “InstallShield Wizard” shows up,
and it will go to the next screen for a while.
Step 4: The software license agreement screen
shows up, read it and then click “Yes” to go on.
User’s Manual
6-2
Chapter 6
Step 8: Program ask you want to add a shortcut
to startup folder or not? We suggestion you
choose “Yes”.
Step 5: Now you can choose the folder for the
destination location you want. We suggest that
you use the default folder as the destination
location. When you are sure of the folder, click
“Next>” to go on.
Step 9: When the installation is completed, and if
you don’t want to lunch readme file. Click
“Finish” to end the setup.
Step 6: Now you can select the program folder.
The setup wizard will add program icons to those
program folders listed. Click “Next>” to go on.
Step 10: After the system restart, you can run
this “HighPoint ATA RAID Management
Software” show at above.
Step 7: The system will start copying files. You
can see the percentage bar on the screen.
AT7/AT7E
HPT 372 RAID Administrator Installation Guide
This screen show you the first screen you will see
when you starting the software.
This is the “Configuration” Menu screen.
6-3
This is the “View” Menu screen.
For detailed information of this software, you can
refer to the “Help” menu. It will provide you all
the information of this software that you need to
know.
This is the “Management” Menu screen.
User’s Manual
6-4
AT7/AT7E
Chapter 6
VIA 4 in 1 Drivers Installation for Windows® 2000
A-1
Appendix A. VIA 4 in 1 Drivers Installation for
Windows® 2000
After you’ve installed Windows® 2000, you will need to install the VIA 4 in 1 drivers. Step by step
instructions on how to do this are found in the following section.
Note
After installing Windows® 2000, the quality of your display will be poor because it will be set to
640*480 and 16 colors. For the best screen capture quality, install the VGA drivers and set the
desktop to 800*600 using True Color.
Note
Under Windows® 2000 operating system you have to install the service pack 2 (SP2) or latest service
pack to get the best system performance. You can download SP2 at Microsoft® WEB site.
Note
Details of the Windows® 2000 operating system will not be mentioned in this manual. If you have any
problems with Windows® 2000 installation, operations, or settings, please refer to your Windows®
2000 user's manual or other databases provided by Microsoft® Corporation.
Insert the AT7 series CD into your CD-ROM drive, it should execute the program automatically. If not,
you can go to the CD location and execute the execution file at the main directory of the CD. After it has
been executed you will see the screen below.
Step 1: Move the cursor to “VIA 4in1 Driver”
and click on it. You will go to the next screen.
Step 2: The “InstallShield Wizard” shows up,
and it will go to the next screen for a while.
User’s Manual
A-2
Appendix A
recommend installing the 4-in-1 using the
“Quickly Install” mode, as it will automatically
detect and update the necessary drivers. The
following step we will describe the “Normally
Install” mode procedure.
Step 3: You will now see the welcome screen
and its dialogue box. Click “Next>” to go on.
Step 6: This setup program will install three
kinds of drivers. Please check which drivers you
want to install. When you choose the items, click
the “Next>” button to continue.
Step 4: The service pack readme screen will
appear. Click the “Yes” button to go on.
Step 7: Choose the “Install VIA PCI IDE Bus
Driver” then click the “Next>” button to go on.
Step 5: You can choose “Normally Install” or
“Quickly Install” to install the VIA 4-in-1
drivers. If you choose “Quickly Install” mode,
this driver will automatically detect and install
the latest 4-in-1 drivers.
For users who are upgrading VIA Drivers, we
AT7/AT7E
VIA 4 in 1 Drivers Installation for Windows® 2000
A-3
Step 8: Choose “Install AGP 4X/133 Driver”,
then click the “Next>” button.
Step 9: The installer will show the install
progress percentage.
Step 10: When the installation is complete, the
installer will ask you to restart your computer.
We suggest that you choose “Yes, I want to
restart my computer now.” Then click the
“Finish” button to restart your computer to finish
the driver update.
User’s Manual
A-4
AT7/AT7E
Appendix A
Audio Drivers and Applications Installation for Windows® 98 SE & Windows® 2000
B-1
Appendix B. Audio Drivers Installation for Windows®
2000
After you’ve installed VIA chipset drivers, you will need to install the audio drivers. Step by step
instructions on how to do this are found in the following section.
Note
Details of the Windows® 2000 operating system will not be mentioned in this manual. If you have any
problems with Windows® 2000 installation, operations, or settings, please refer to your Windows®
2000 user's manual or other databases provided by Microsoft® Corporation.
Insert the AT7 series CD into your CD-ROM drive, and it should execute the program automatically. If
not, you can go to the CD location and execute the execution file at the main directory of the CD. After it
has been executed you will see the screen below.
Step 1: Move the cursor to “Audio Driver” and
click on it. You will go to the next screen.
Step 3: You will now see the welcome screen
and its dialogue box. Click “Next>” to go on.
Step 2: The “InstallShield Wizard” shows up,
and it will go to the next screen for a while.
Step 4: The installer will show the install
progress percentage.
User’s Manual
B-2
Appendix B
Step 5: The “Digital Signature Not Found”
menu show up. Click “Yes” to go on. This screen
will show up again, please click “Yes” to go on.
Step 8: When system restarts and enters the
operating system, you can then check the
“Device Manager” see that the devices are
properly installed.
Step 6: The installer will continue the setup
process and show the install progress percentage
again.
Step 9: You can choose from “Start”,
“Programs” then from item “Avance Sound
Manager”, “AvRack” to starting the
applications program. You can quickly start the
mixer panel by double click on the AvRack icon
on the desktop.
Step 7: Windows has completed installing the
driver. Choose “Yes, I want to restart my
computer now.” in the check box and click
“Finish” restart your computer to finish the
driver update.
AT7/AT7E
Audio Drivers and Applications Installation for Windows® 98 SE & Windows® 2000
B-3
This menu item can let you set specific frequency
dB value.
You can click on the audio configure icon
on the task bar, and you can see the AvRack
panel as above.
The following diagrams will show you the
“Avance AC97 Audio Configuration”
application software each menu item.
This menu item can let you choose the speakers
quanties you have, and can select the signal
source is from which phone jack.
This menu item can let you set environmental
and KaraOK key factor.
This menu item can let you test the speaker
position is correct or wrong, you can check each
speaker is sound correctly or poor quality.
User’s Manual
B-4
Thi smenu item can give you the information
such as: audio driver version, DirectX version,
audio controller name, AC97 Codec name.
AT7/AT7E
Appendix B
LAN Drivers Installation for Windows® 2000
C-1
Appendix C. LAN Drivers Installation for Windows®
2000
After you’ve installed VIA chipset drivers, you will need to install the LAN drivers. Step by step
instructions on how to do this are found in the following section.
Note
Details of the Windows® 2000 operating system will not be mentioned in this manual. If you have any
problems with Windows® 2000 installation, operations, or settings, please refer to your Windows®
2000 user's manual or other databases provided by Microsoft® Corporation.
Insert the AT7 series CD into your CD-ROM drive, and it should execute the program automatically. If
not, you can go to the CD location and execute the execution file at the main directory of the CD. After it
has been executed you will see the screen below.
Step 1: Move the cursor to “Lan Driver” and
click on it. You will go to the next screen.
Step 3: You will now see the welcome screen
and its dialogue box. Click “Next>” to go on.
Step 2: The “InstallShield Wizard” shows up,
and it will go to the next screen for a while.
Step 4: The installer will show the install
progress percentage.
User’s Manual
C-2
Step 5: Windows has completed installing the
driver. Click “Finish” to end the driver
installation.
Step 8: When system restarts and enters the
operating system, you can then check the
“Device Manager” see that the devices are
properly installed.
AT7/AT7E
Appendix C
USB 2.0 Drivers Installation for Windows® 2000
D-1
Appendix D. USB 2.0 Drivers Installation for
Windows® 2000
After you’ve installed VIA chipset drivers, you will need to install the USB 2.0 drivers. Step by step
instructions on how to do this are found in the following section.
Note
Details of the Windows® 2000 operating system will not be mentioned in this manual. If you have any
problems with Windows® 2000 installation, operations, or settings, please refer to your Windows®
2000 user's manual or other databases provided by Microsoft® Corporation.
Insert the AT7 series CD into your CD-ROM drive, and it should execute the program automatically. If
not, you can go to the CD location and execute the execution file at the main directory of the CD. After it
has been executed you will see the screen below.
Step 1: Move the cursor to “USB 2.0 Driver”
and click on it. You will go to the next screen.
Step 3: You will now see the welcome screen
and its dialogue box. Click “Next>” to go on.
Step 2: The “InstallShield Wizard” shows up,
and it will go to the next screen for a while.
Step 4: Choose “Install USB Driver”, then click
“Next>” to go on.
User’s Manual
D-2
Appendix D
Step 5: The installer will starting install progress.
Step 7: When system restarts and enters the
operating system, you can then check the
“Device Manager” see that the devices are
properly installed.
Step 6: Windows has completed installing the
driver. Choose “Yes, I want to restart my
computer now.” in the check box and click
“Finish” restart your computer to finish the
driver update.
AT7/AT7E
Installing The Winbond Hardware Monitor Software
E-1
Appendix E. Installing The Winbond Hardware
Monitor Software
The Winbond hardware monitor software is a self-diagnostic system for PCs. It will protect PC hardware
by monitoring several critical items including power supply voltage, CPU and system fan speeds, and
CPU and system temperatures. These items are important for the operation of the system; errors may
result in permanent damage to the PC. Once any item is out of its normal range, a warning message will
pop up and remind the user to take proper measures.
The following description will tell you how to install the Winbond hardware monitor software and use it.
Insert the AT7 series CD into your CD-ROM drive. It should execute the program automatically. If not,
you can go to the CD location and execute the execution file from the main directory of this CD. After it
is executed, you will see the screen below.
Click “Utility” button.
Click “Hardware Monitor” button to start install
the hardware monitor system utility.
User’s Manual
E-2
Appendix E
You will see the program extracting files.
You will see the install shell wizard active.
The welcome screen and its dialogue box will
appear. Click the “Next>” button to go on.
AT7/AT7E
Installing The Winbond Hardware Monitor Software
E-3
Now you can choose the destination location where
you want to install the drivers. We suggest that you
use the default folder as the destination location.
After checking the folder click “Next>” button.
You can choose the name of the program folder. We
suggest you use the default program folder name.
After checking the program folder name then click
“Next>” button.
Program will start to install drivers the system
needs.
The installer is ready to start coping files, click
“Next>” button to go on.
User’s Manual
E-4
Appendix E
The wizard will start installing the program file. The
installer will show the install progress percentage.
When the installation is complete, the installer will
ask you to restart your computer. We suggest that
you choose “Yes, I want to restart my computer
now.” then click the “Finish” button to restart your
computer to finish the driver update.
You can select the program from Start toolbar, and
then choose Programs. You will see the item called
“winbond” ( “Hardware Doctor”. Click it, and
you will be able to see the screen below.
AT7/AT7E
Installing The Winbond Hardware Monitor Software
E-5
This screen shows the hardware
monitor system screen. It shows
information about system
temperature, voltages and fan speed.
Some items can let you set the
warning range; you can optimize
values by setting them in accordance
your system.
User’s Manual
E-6
AT7/AT7E
Appendix E
BIOS Update Guide
F-1
Appendix F. BIOS Update Guide
We will use the SE6 motherboard as an example. All other models follow the same process. (The
motherboard photo we show you below is SX7-533)
1. Know your motherboard’s PCB version number. You can find it at the front or back of the
motherboard. Each motherboard always has the label (Bar code sticker) at a different place on the PCB
to show the PCB version. (As shown in the photo below, just for example)
2. Know the current BIOS ID.
User’s Manual
F-2
Appendix F
For example, in this case, the current BIOS ID is “00”. If you already have the latest BIOS, no any
update action is necessary. If your BIOS is not the latest BIOS, go on to the next step.
3. Download the correct BIOS file from our Web site.
You can click the “Download” button on the green line, then go to our download center and choose the
correct BIOS file and download it.
4. Double click the download file-it will self-extract to awdflash.exe and .bin files.
5. Make a bootable floppy disk and copy the necessary files onto it.
You may make a floppy disk bootable either in Explorer or in the DOS prompt mode.
AT7/AT7E
BIOS Update Guide
F-3
After formatting and transferring the system to the floppy disk, copy two files into it. One is the BIOS
flash utility “awdflash.exe” and the other is the decompressed BIOS “.bin” file.
6. Boot off floppy disk.
User’s Manual
F-4
Appendix F
Please set the first boot sequence as “floppy” in BIOS and boot off the floppy disk.
7. Flash the BIOS in pure DOS mode.
After successfully booting off of the floppy, execute the flash utility according to these instructions.
Note
We strongly recommend you use the above parameters following “awdflash” to flash your BIOS. DO
NOT just type “awdflash se6_sw.bin” without the above parameters following the .bin file.
Note
The Award flash utility can’t be completed under a Windows® 95/98 or Windows® NT, Windows®
2000, Windows® XP, Windows® ME environment, you must be in a pure DOS environment.
You should check which BIOS file is to be used with your motherboard, don't flash with the wrong
BIOS file. Otherwise, you may cause system malfunctions.
Note
Please do not use the Award flash memory writer version that earlier than Version 7.52C to flash your
AT7/AT7E motherboard BIOS. Otherwise, it may cause flash fail or un-anticipate problems.
Note
During the updating, the progress will be measured by white blocks. The last four blue blocks of the
flash update process represent the “BIOS boot block”. The BIOS boot block is used to prevent the
BIOS from becoming corrupt during programming. It should not be programmed every time. If this
“BIOS boot block” remains intact when the BIOS becomes corrupt during programming, then you
can boot from a bootable floppy next time you boot your computer. This allows you to flash your
BIOS again without the need for technical support from the dealer.
AT7/AT7E
Troubleshooting (Need Assistance?)
G-1
Appendix G. Troubleshooting (Need Assistance?)
Motherboard Troubleshooting:
Q & A:
Q: Do I need to clear the CMOS before I use a new motherboard to assemble my new computer
system?
A: Yes, we highly recommend that you clear the CMOS before installing a new motherboard. Please
move the CMOS jumper from its default 1-2 position to 2-3 for a few seconds, and then back. When
you boot up your system for the first time, follow the instructions in the user's manual to load the
optimized defaults.
Q: If my systems hang when I update the BIOS or set the wrong CPU parameters, what should I
do?
A: Whenever you update the BIOS or if the system hangs due to wrong CPU parameters setting, always
clear CMOS jumper before booting up again.
Q: How can I get a quick response to my request for technical support?
A: Be sure to follow the guidelines as stated in the “Technical Support Form” section of this manual.
If you have a problem during operation, in order to help our technical support personnel quickly
determine the problem with your motherboard and give you the answers you need, before filling in the
technical support form, eliminate any peripheral that is not related to the problem, and indicate it on
the form. Fax this form to your dealer or to the company where you bought the hardware in order to
benefit from our technical support. (You can refer to the examples given below)
,
Example 1: With a system including: motherboard (with processor, DDR DRAM, etc.) HDD,
CD-ROM, FDD, graphic adapter, MPEG-2 card, SCSI adapter, audio card, etc. After the
system is assembled, if you cannot boot up, check the key components of the system
using the procedure described below. First remove all interface cards except the VGA
card and try to reboot.
- If you still cannot boot up:
Try installing another brand/model VGA card and see if the system will start. If it still
does not start, note the VGA card model, motherboard model, Bios identification
number, CPU on the technical support form (refer to main instructions), and describe
the problem in the problem description space provided.
- If you can boot up:
Insert the interface cards you have removed back into the system, one by one and try
to start the system each time you insert a card, until the system will not start. Keep the
VGA card and the interface card that caused the problem inserted on the motherboard,
remove any other cards or peripheral, and start again. If you still cannot start, note the
information related to both cards in the add-on Card space provided, and don’t forget
to indicate the motherboard model, version, BIOS identification number, CPU (refer
to main instructions), and give a description of the problem.
User’s Manual
G-2
Appendix G
,
Example 2: With a system including: motherboard (with processor, DDR DRAM, etc.) HDD,
CD-ROM, FDD, graphic adapter, MPEG-2 card, SCSI adapter, audio card, etc. After
assembly and after having installed the audio card driver, when you restart the system,
when it runs the audio card driver, it resets automatically. This problem may be due to the
audio card driver. During the starting DOS… procedure, press SHIFT (BY-PASS) key, to
skip CONFIG.SYS and AUTOEXEC.BAT; edit CONFIG.SYS with a text editor, and in
function the line that loads the audio card driver, add a remark REM, in order to disable
the audio card driver. See the example below.
CONFIG.SYS:
DEVICE=C:\DOS\HIMEM.SYS
DEVICE=C:\DOS\EMM386.EXE HIGHSCAN
DOS=HIGH, UMB
FILES=40
BUFFERS=36
REM DEVICEHIGH=C:\PLUGPLAY\DWCFGMG.SYS
LASTDRIVE=Z
Restart the system. If the system starts and does not reset, you can be sure that the
problem is due to the Sound Card Driver. Write down the Sound Card model,
motherboard model, BIOS identification number on the technical support file (refer to
main instructions), and describe the problem in the space provided.
☺☺☺ We will show you how to fill the “Technical Support Form”.
/ Instructions /
To fill in this “Technical Support Form”, refer to the step-by-step instructions given below:
1*. Model Name: Note the model number given in your user’s manual.
For example: AT7/AT7E, SD7-533, AT7/AT7E/AT7/AT7EE, etc.
*
2 . Motherboard PCB Version: Note the motherboard PCB version labeled on the motherboard slot or
back side as “Rev:*.**”.
For example: REV: 1.01
*
3 . BIOS ID & Part Number: See Appendix C for detialed information.
4.
DriverVersion: Note the driver version number indicated on the device driver disk or CD-ROM (if
have) as “Release *.**” (or Rev. *.**, Version *.**). For example:
AT7/AT7E
Troubleshooting (Need Assistance?)
G-3
5*. OS/Applications: Indicate the operating system and the applications you are running on the system.
For example: Windows® 98 SE, Windows® 2000, Windows® XP, etc.
6*. Processor Type: Indicate the brand and the speed (MHz) of your CPU.
Example: (A) In the “Brand” space, write “AMD”, in the “Specifications” space, write “ Athlon™ 1
GHz”。
7.
Hard Disk Drive: Indicate the brand and specifications of your HDD(s), specify if the HDD is using
0IDE1 or 0IDE2. If you know the disk capacity, indicate it and check (“1”) “ ”; in case you give
no indication, we will consider that your HDD is “$IDE1” Master.
For example: In the “Hard Disk Drive” space, check the box, in the “Brand” space, write
“SEAGATE”, in the “Specifications” space, write “Darracuda ATA2 ST330631A
(30 GB)”.
8.
CD-ROM Drive: Indicate the brand and specifications of your CD-ROM drive. Specify if it uses
0 IDE1 or 0IDE2, and check (“1”) “ ”; in case you give no indication, we will consider that
your CD-ROM is “$IDE2” Master.
For example: In the “CD-ROM Drive” space, check the box, in the “Brand” space, write
“Pioneer”, in the “Specifications” space, write “DVD-16”.
9.
System Memory (DDR SDRAM): Indicate the brand and specifications (DDR DIMM) of your
system memory. Examples: Density, Description, Module Components, Module Part Number, CAS
Latency, Speed (MHz). For example:
In the “Brand” space, write “Micron”, in the “Specifications” space, write:
Density: 128MB, Description: SS 16 Megx72 2.5V ECC Gold, Module Components: (9) 16 Megx
8, Module Part Number: MT9VDDT1672AG, CAS Latency: 2, Speed (MHz): 200 MHz.
Please give us the detailed information of your DDR DIMM module, as it will help us to simulate
the problems you met.
10. Add-On Card: Indicate which add-on cards you are absolutely sure are related to the problem.
If you can’t identify the problem’s origin, indicate all the add-on cards inserted into your system.
Remember to identify which card insert on which slot.
For example: Creative SB Value sound card insert on PCI slot 3.
11. Problem Description: Please tell us problem you met. The more detailed, the better as our engineers
can help to find the solution more quickly. If the problem is random occurance, it may be hard to
simulate the problem and may take more time to find a solution.
Note
Items between the “*” are absolutely necessary.
User’s Manual
G-4
Appendix G
RAID Troubleshooting
Q & A:
Q: May I use hard drives with different capacity or transfer mode?
A: In order to get optimized performance, we suggest using hard drives with the same model.
Q: How to assign a booting device?
A: You may press <Ctrl> <H> to assign a booting device in RAID BIOS (See Chapter 4 for detailed
information).
Q: Why can’t I see correct capacity in FDISK utility?
A: This is a well-known issue of Windows® 95/98’s FDISK utility. If an IBM 75 GB hard disk DTLA
307075 only gets 7768 MB in Windows® 95/98’s FDISK utility, please contact Microsoft® for a latest
version of FDISK utility. For windows® 2000, there is no such a 64 GB issue.
http://www.storage.ibm.com/techsup/hddtech/welcome.htm
Q: How to create spare disk?
In the menu zone, select item “3. Create/Delete Spare” and press <Enter> to confirm.
If you are not creating the RAID system yet, screen will show you the warning message, tell you the
current system do not create the RAID system. If you choose create the RAID system, then you can
select the spare disk you want to creat.
In the validated channel status zone, select the spare disk to be added and press <Enter> to confirm.
Q: How to delete spare disk:
In the menu zone, select item “3. Create/Delete Spare” and press <Enter> to confirm.
In the validated channel status zone, select the spare disk to be removed and press <Enter> to
confirm.
Q: Why I see “NO ROM BASIC SYSTEM HALTED” when booting?
A: There isn’t any activated primary partition in you system. Please use FDISK or any other utilities to
create/set one.
AT7/AT7E
Troubleshooting (Need Assistance?)
G-5
Do & Don’t:
1. Do always use the same model drives to achieve best quality and performance. Different firmware has
different timing characteristic, thus may somewhat decrease the RAID performance.
2. If you have two drives, do connect them on two different channels as master drive please.
3. When attach drives to the RAID card, do make sure the master/slave jumper settings are correct
please. If there is only one drive on one channel/cable, do set it as master or single drive.
4. Do always use 80 conductor cables please.
5. Don’t connect any ATAPI devices (CD-ROM, LS-120, MO, ZIP etc.) on the RAID card please.
6. For the best performance result, please do use the Ultra DMA 66/100/133 Hard Disks.
User’s Manual
G-6
Appendix G
Technical Support Form
! Company Name:
2 Phone Number:
" Contact Person:
# Fax Number:
3 E-mail Address:
*
Model Name
Motherboard PCB Version
Hardware Name
IDE1
IDE2
IDE1
IDE2
System Memory
(DDR DRAM)
Add-On Card
Problem Description:
AT7/AT7E
Brand
*
Processor Type
CD-ROM Drive
Driver Version
*
OS/Applications
Hard Disk Drive
BIOS ID & Part Number *
Specifications
How to Get Technical Support
H-1
Appendix H. How to Get Technical Support
(From our website) http://www.abit.com.tw
(In North America) http://www.abit-usa.com
(In Europe) http://www.abit.nl
Thank you for choosing ABIT products. ABIT sells all our products through distributors, resellers and
system integrators, we have no direct sales to end-users. Before sending email for tech support please
check with your resellers or integrators if you need any services, they are the ones who sold you your
system and they should know best as to what can be done, how they serve you is a good reference for
future purchases.
We appreciate every customer and would like to provide the best service to you. Providing fast service to
our customers is our top priority. However we receive many phone calls and a huge amount of email from
all over the world. At the present time it is impossible for us to respond to every single inquiry. Therefore
it is quite possible that if you send an email to us that you may not receive a response.
We have done many compatibility tests and reliability tests to make sure our products have the best
quality and compatibility. In case you need service or technical support, please understand the constraint
we have and always check with the reseller who sold the product to you first.
To expedite service, we recommend that you follow the procedures outlined below before contacting us.
With your help, we can meet our commitment to provide the best service to the greatest number of
ABIT customers:
1. Check the Manual. It sounds simple, but we have taken a lot of care in making a well-written and
thorough manual. It is full of information that doesn't only pertain to motherboards. The CD-ROM
included with your board will have the manual as well as drivers. If you don't have either one, go to
the Program Download Area of our website or FTP server.
2. Download latest BIOS, software or drivers. Please go to our Program Download area on our
website to check to see if you have the latest BIOS. They are developed over periods of time to fix
bugs or incompatibilities. Also please make sure you have the latest drivers from your peripheral
cards makers!
3. Check the ABIT Technical Terms Guide and FAQ on our website. We are trying to expand and
make the FAQs more helpful and information rich. Let us know if you have any suggestions. For hot
topics check out our HOT FAQ!
4. Internet Newsgroups. They are a great source of information and many people there can offer help.
ABIT's Internet News group, alt.comp.periphs.mainboard.abit, is an ideal forum for the public to
exchange information and discuss experiences they have had with ABIT products. Many times you
will see that your question has already been asked before. This is a public Internet news group and it
is reserved for free discussions, Here is a list of some of the more popular ones:
alt.comp.periphs.mainboard.abit
comp.sys.ibm.pc.hardware.chips
alt.comp.hardware.overclocking
alt.comp.hardware.homebuilt
alt.comp.hardware.pc-homebuilt
Ask your reseller. Your ABIT authorized distributor should be able to provide the fastest solution to
your technical problem. We sell our products through distributors who sell to resellers and stores.
Your reseller should be very familiar with your system configuration and should be able to solve your
problem much more efficiently than we could. After all, your reseller regards you as an important
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Appendix H
customer who may purchase more products and who can urge your friends to buy from him or her as
well. They integrated and sold the system to you. They should know best what your system
configuration is and your problem. They should have reasonable return or refund policies. How they
serve you is also a good reference for your next purchase.
5. Contacting ABIT. If you feel that you need to contact ABIT directly you can send email to the ABIT
technical support department. First, please contact the support team for the branch office closest to
you. They will be more familiar with local conditions and problems and will have better insight as to
which resellers offer what products and services. Due to the huge number of emails coming in every
day and other reasons, such as the time required for problem reproduction, we will not be able to reply
to every email. Please understand that we are selling through distribution channels and don't have the
resources to serve every end-user. However, we will try to do our best to help every customer. Please
also remember that for many of our technical support team English is a second language, you will
have a better chance of getting a helpful answer if your question can be understood in the first place.
Be sure to use very, simple, concise language that clearly states the problem, avoid rambling or
flowery language and always list your system components. Here is the contact information for our
branch offices:
In North America and South America please contact:
ABIT Computer (USA) Corporation
46808 Lakeview Blvd.
Fremont, California 94538, U.S.A.
sales@abit-usa.com
technical@abit-usa.com
Tel: 1-510-623-0500
Fax: 1-510-623-1092
In the UK and Ireland:
ABIT Computer Corporation Ltd.
Unit 3, 24-26 Boulton Road
Stevenage, Herts
SG1 4QX, UK
abituksales@compuserve.com
abituktech@compuserve.com
Tel: 44-1438-228888
Fax: 44-1438-226333
In Germany and Benelux (Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg) countries:
AMOR Computer B.V. (ABIT's European Office)
Van Coehoornstraat 7,
5916 PH Venlo, The Netherlands
sales@abit.nl
technical@abit.nl
Tel: 31-77-3204428
Fax: 31-77-3204420
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How to Get Technical Support
H-3
All other territories not covered above please contact:
Taiwan Head Office
When contacting our headquarters please note we are located in Taiwan and we are 8+ GMT time. In
addition, we have holidays that may be different from those in your country.
ABIT Computer Corporation
No. 323, YangGuang St., Neihu, Taipei, 114, Taiwan
sales@abit.com.tw
market@abit.com.tw
technical@abit.com.tw
Tel: 886-2-87518888
Fax: 886-2-87513381
RMA Service. If your system has been working but it just stopped, but you have not installed any
new software or hardware recently, it is likely that you have a defective component. Please contact the
reseller from whom you bought the product. You should be able to get RMA service there.
6. Reporting Compatibility Problems to ABIT. Because of tremendous number of email messages we
receive every day, we are forced to give greater weight to certain types of messages than to others.
For this reason, any compatibility problem that is reported to us, giving detailed system configuration
information and error symptoms, will receive the highest priority. For the other questions, we regret
that we may not be able to reply directly. But your questions may be posted to the internet news group
in order that a larger number of users can have the benefit of the information. Please check the news
group from time to time.
7. Listed below are some chipset vendors’ WEB site addresses for your reference:
ALi’s WEB site: http://www.ali.com.tw/
AMD’s WEB site: http://www.amd.com/
Highpoint Technology Inc.’s WEB site: http://www.highpoint-tech.com/
Intel’s WEB site: http://www.intel.com/
SiS’ WEB site: http://www.sis.com.tw/
VIA’s WEB site: http://www.via.com.tw/
Thank you, ABIT Computer Corporation
http://www.abit.com.tw
User’s Manual
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AT7/AT7E
Appendix H
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