datasheet for Q6012LH2 by Littelfuse
Teccor® brand Thyristors
12 Amp Alternistor (High Communitation) Triacs
Qxx12xHx Series
®
Description
12 Amp bi-directional solid state switch series is designed
for AC switching and phase control applications such as
motor speed and temperature modulation controls, lighting
controls, and static switching relays.
Alternistor type devices only operate in quadrants I, II, & III
and are used in circuits requiring high dv/dt capability.
Features & Benefits
• RoHS Compliant
• Glass – passivated
junctions
• Voltage capability up to
1000 V
Agency Approval
Agency
Agency File Number
• Surge capability up to
120 A
L Package: E71639
®
• Electrically isolated
“L-Package” is UL
recognized for 2500Vrms
Main Features
Symbol
IT(RMS)
VDRM /VRRM
IGT (Q1)
Value
Unit
12
A
400 to 1000
V
10 to 50
mA
• Solid-state switching
eliminates arcing or
• No contacts to wear
out from reaction of
switching events
• Restricted (or limited) RFI
generation, depending
on activation point sine
wave
• Requires only a small
gate activation pulse in
each half-cycle
Applications
Excellent for AC switching and phase control applications
such as heating, lighting, and motor speed controls.
Typical applications are AC solid-state switches, light
dimmers, power tools, lawn care equipment, home/brown
goods and white goods appliances.
Schematic Symbol
MT2
Alternistor Triacs (no snubber required) are used in
applications with extremely inductive loads requiring
highest commutation performance.
MT1
Internally constructed isolated packages are offered for
ease of heat sinking with highest isolation voltage.
G
Qxx12xHx Series
contact bounce that
create voltage transients
99
Revised: November 1, 2010 05:04 PM
©2010 Littelfuse, Inc
Speciications are subject to change without notice.
Please refer to http://www.littelfuse.com for current information.
Teccor® brand Thyristors
12 Amp Alternistor (High Communitation) Triacs
Absolute Maximum Ratings — Alternistor (3 Quadrants)
Symbol
IT(RMS)
Parameter
RMS on-state current (full sine wave)
ITSM
Non repetitive surge peak on-state current
(full cycle, TJ initial = 25°C)
I2t
I2t Value for fusing
Qxx12LHy
TC = 90°C
Qxx12RHy
Qxx12NHy
TC = 105°C
Value
Unit
12
A
f = 50 Hz
t = 20 ms
110
f = 60 Hz
t = 16.7 ms
120
tp = 8.3 ms
60
A2s
A
Critical rate of rise of on-state current
f = 120 Hz
TJ = 125°C
70
A/μs
IGTM
Peak gate trigger current
tp ≤ 10 μs;
IGT ≤ IGTM
TJ = 125°C
2.0
A
PG(AV)
Average gate power dissipation
di/dt
0.5
W
Tstg
Storage temperature range
-40 to 150
°C
TJ
Operating junction temperature range
-40 to 125
°C
TJ = 125°C
Note: xx = voltage, y = sensitivity
Electrical Characteristics (TJ = 25°C, unless otherwise specified) — Alternistor Triac (3 Quadrants)
Symbol
IGT
Test Conditions
Quadrant
VD = 12V RL = 60 Ω
VGT
VGD
VD = VDRM RL = 3.3 kΩ TJ = 125°C
IH
IT = 100mA
Qxx12xH2
Unit
I – II – III
MAX.
10
50
mA
I – II – III
MAX.
1.3
1.3
V
MIN.
0.2
0.2
V
MAX.
15
50
mA
300
750
I – II – III
400V
600V
VD = VDRM Gate Open TJ = 125°C
dv/dt
Qxx12xH5
800V
MIN.
200
650
150
500
V/μs
150
300
(dv/dt)c
(di/dt)c = 6.5 A/ms TJ = 125°C
MIN.
2
30
V/μs
tgt
IG = 2 x IGT PW = 15μs IT = 17.0 A(pk)
TYP.
4
4
μs
Value
Unit
1.60
V
10
μA
VD = VDRM Gate Open TJ = 100°C
1000V
Static Characteristics
Symbol
Test Conditions
ITM = 17.0A tp = 380 µs
VTM
IDRM
IRRM
VD = VDRM / VRRM
MAX.
TJ = 25°C
400-1000V
TJ = 125°C
400-800V
TJ = 100°C
1000V
MAX.
2
mA
3
Thermal Resistances
Symbol
Parameter
Rθ(J-C)
Junction to case (AC)
Rθ(J-A)
Junction to ambient (AC)
Value
Qxx12RHy
Qxx12NHy
Qxx12LHy
Qxx12RHy
Qxx12LHy
1.2
2.3
45
90
Unit
°C/W
°C/W
Note: xx = voltage, y = sensitivity
Qxx12xHx Series
100
Revised: November 1, 2010 05:04 PM
©2010 Littelfuse, Inc
Speciications are subject to change without notice.
Please refer to http://www.littelfuse.com for current information.
Teccor® brand Thyristors
12 Amp Alternistor (High Communitation) Triacs
Figure 2: Normalized DC Gate Trigger Current for
All Quadrants vs. Junction Temperature
Figure 1: Definition of Quadrants
ALL POLARITIES ARE REFERENCED TO MT1
MT2 POSITIVE
(Positive Half Cycle)
(-)
+
IGT
GATE
(+)
MT2
IGT
GATE
MT1
IGT
REF
(-)
MT1
REF
QII QI
QIII QIV
MT2
Ratio of IGT / IGT (TJ = 25 ºC)
MT2
4.0
+
IGT
MT2
IGT
GATE
(+)
MT1
REF
3.0
2.0
1.0
IGT
GATE
0.0
MT1
-
-65
-40
-15
10
35
60
85
110
125
Junction Temperature (TJ) - C
REF
MT2 NEGATIVE
(Negative Half Cycle)
Note: Alternistors will not operate in QIV
Figure 3: Normalized DC Holding Current
vs. Junction Temperature
Figure 4: Normalized DC Gate Trigger Voltage for
All Quadrants vs. Junction Temperature
2.0
Ratio of VGT / VGT(TJ = 25ºC)
Ratio of IH / IH (TJ = 25ºC)
4.0
3.0
2.0
1.0
0.0
-65
-40
-15
10
35
60
85
110
+125
1.5
1.0
0.5
0.0
-65
-40
-15
Figure 5: Power Dissipation (Typical)
vs. RMS On-State Current
60
85
110
+125
130
CURRENT WAVEFORM: Sinusoidal
LOAD: Resistive or Inductive
CONDUCTION ANGLE: 360°
12
Maximum Allowable Case Temperature
(TC) - °C
Average On-State Power Dissipation
[PD(AV)] -- Watts
35
Figure 6: Maximum Allowable Case Temperature
vs. On-State Current
14
Qxx12RH5
Qxx12NH5
120
10
110
8
100
6
4
2
0
0
2
4
6
8
10
14
12
RMS On-State Current [IT(RMS)] -- Amps
Qxx12xHx Series
10
Junction Temperature (TJ) - ºC
Junction Temperature (TJ) - ºC
Qxx12LH5
90
80
CURRENT WAVEFORM: Sinusoidal
LOAD: Resistive or Inductive
CONDUCTION ANGLE: 360°
70
60
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
RMS On-State Current [IT(RMS)] - Amps
101
Revised: November 1, 2010 05:04 PM
©2010 Littelfuse, Inc
Speciications are subject to change without notice.
Please refer to http://www.littelfuse.com for current information.
14
Teccor® brand Thyristors
12 Amp Alternistor (High Communitation) Triacs
Figure 7: Maximum Allowable Ambient Temperature
vs. On-State Current
Figure 8: On-State Current vs. On-State Voltage
(Typical)
20
CURRENT WAVEFORM: Sinusoidal
LOAD: Resistive or Inductive
CONDUCTION ANGLE: 360
FREE AIR RATING - No HEAT SINK
110
100
Positive or Negative Instantaneous
On-State Current (IT) - AMPS
Max Allowable Ambient Temperature
(TA) - ºC
120
90
80
Qxx12LH5
Qxx12RH5
70
60
50
40
30
18
TC = 25ºC
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
0.7
20
0.
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
2.0
0.8
0.9
1.0
1.1
1.2
1.3
Positive or Negative Instantaneous On-State Voltage
(VT) - Volts
RMS On-State Current [IT(RMS)] - AMPS
Figure 9: Surge Peak On-State Current vs. Number of Cycles
Peak Surge (Non-Repetitive On-State Current
(ITSM) - AMPS
1000
Supply Frequency: 60Hz Sinusoidal
Load: Resistive
RMS On-State Current [I T(RMS) : Maximum]
Rated Value at Speciic Case Temperature
Notes:
1. Gate control may be lost during and immediately
following surge current interval.
2. Overload may not be repeated until junction
temperature has returned to steady-state
rated value.
100
10
1
1
10
1000
100
Surge Current Duration - Full Cycles
Qxx12xHx Series
102
Revised: November 1, 2010 05:04 PM
©2010 Littelfuse, Inc
Speciications are subject to change without notice.
Please refer to http://www.littelfuse.com for current information.
1.4
Teccor® brand Thyristors
12 Amp Alternistor (High Communitation) Triacs
Soldering Parameters
Pb – Free assembly
- Temperature Min (Ts(min))
Pre Heat
150°C
- Temperature Max (Ts(max))
200°C
- Time (min to max) (ts)
60 – 180 secs
Average ramp up rate (Liquidus Temp)
(TL) to peak
5°C/second max
TS(max) to TL - Ramp-up Rate
5°C/second max
Reflow
- Temperature (TL) (Liquidus)
217°C
- Time (min to max) (ts)
60 – 150 seconds
Ramp-up
TL
tL
TS(max)
Ramp-do
Ramp-down
Preheat
TS(min)
tS
25
Peak Temperature (TP)
260+0/5°C
Time within 5°C of actual peak
Temperature (tp)
20 – 40 seconds
Ramp-down Rate
5°C/second max
Time 25°C to peak Temperature (TP)
8 minutes Max.
Do not exceed
280°C
Physical Specifications
Terminal Finish
tP
TP
Temperature
Reflow Condition
time to peak temperature
Environmental Specifications
Test
100% Matte Tin-plated
AC Blocking
Body Material
Terminal Material
UL recognized epoxy meeting lammability
classiication 94V-0
Temperature Cycling
Copper Alloy
Temperature/
Humidity
Design Considerations
High Temp Storage
Careful selection of the correct device for the application’s
operating parameters and environment will go a long way
toward extending the operating life of the Thyristor. Good
design practice should limit the maximum continuous
current through the main terminals to 75% of the device
rating. Other ways to ensure long life for a power discrete
semiconductor are proper heat sinking and selection of
voltage ratings for worst case conditions. Overheating,
overvoltage (including dv/dt), and surge currents are
the main killers of semiconductors. Correct mounting,
soldering, and forming of the leads also help protect
against component damage.
Low-Temp Storage
Qxx12xHx Series
Time
103
Revised: November 1, 2010 05:04 PM
Thermal Shock
Autoclave
Specifications and Conditions
MIL-STD-750, M-1040, Cond A Applied
Peak AC voltage @ 125°C for 1008 hours
MIL-STD-750, M-1051,
100 cycles; -40°C to +150°C; 15-min
dwell time
EIA / JEDEC, JESD22-A101
1008 hours; 320V - DC: 85°C; 85%
rel humidity
MIL-STD-750, M-1031,
1008 hours; 150°C
1008 hours; -40°C
MIL-STD-750, M-1056
10 cycles; 0°C to 100°C; 5-min dwell
time at each temperature; 10 sec (max)
transfer time between temperature
EIA / JEDEC, JESD22-A102
168 hours (121°C at 2 ATMs) and
100% R/H
Resistance to
Solder Heat
MIL-STD-750 Method 2031
Solderability
ANSI/J-STD-002, category 3, Test A
Lead Bend
MIL-STD-750, M-2036 Cond E
©2010 Littelfuse, Inc
Speciications are subject to change without notice.
Please refer to http://www.littelfuse.com for current information.
Teccor® brand Thyristors
12 Amp Alternistor (High Communitation) Triacs
Dimensions — TO-220AB (R-Package) — Non-Isolated Mounting Tab Common with Center Lead
TC MEASURING POINT
AREA (REF.) 0.17 IN2
O
A
ØE
Dimension
8.13
.320
P
MT2
B
C
13.36
.526
D
7.01
.276
NOTCH IN
GATE LEAD
TO ID.
NON-ISOLATED
TAB
F
R
G
L
H
N
K
J
M
MT1 MT2 GATE
Note: Maximum torque to
be applied to mounting tab
is 8 in-lbs. (0.904 Nm).
Inches
Millimeters
Min
Max
Min
Max
A
0.380
0.420
9.65
10.67
B
0.105
0.115
2.67
2.92
C
0.230
0.250
5.84
6.35
D
0.590
0.620
14.99
15.75
E
0.142
0.147
3.61
3.73
F
0.110
0.130
2.79
3.30
G
0.540
0.575
13.72
14.61
H
0.025
0.035
0.64
0.89
J
0.195
0.205
4.95
5.21
K
0.095
0.105
2.41
2.67
L
0.060
0.075
1.52
1.91
M
0.085
0.095
2.16
2.41
N
0.018
0.024
0.46
0.61
O
0.178
0.188
4.52
4.78
P
0.045
0.060
1.14
1.52
R
0.038
0.048
0.97
1.22
Dimensions — TO-220AB (L-Package) — Isolated Mounting Tab
TC MEASURING POINT
A
Ø E
P
B
13.36
.526
D
7.01
.276
F
R
L
H
K
N
J
MT1 MT2 GATE
Qxx12xHx Series
M
Note: Maximum torque to
be applied to mounting tab
is 8 in-lbs. (0.904 Nm).
104
Revised: November 1, 2010 05:04 PM
Millimeters
Min
Max
Min
Max
A
0.380
0.420
9.65
10.67
B
0.105
0.115
2.67
2.92
8.13
.320
C
G
Inches
AREA (REF.) 0.17 IN2
Dimension
O
C
0.230
0.250
5.84
6.35
D
0.590
0.620
14.99
15.75
E
0.142
0.147
3.61
3.73
F
0.110
0.130
2.79
3.30
G
0.540
0.575
13.72
14.61
H
0.025
0.035
0.64
0.89
J
0.195
0.205
4.95
5.21
K
0.095
0.105
2.41
2.67
L
0.060
0.075
1.52
1.91
M
0.085
0.095
2.16
2.41
N
0.018
0.024
0.46
0.61
O
0.178
0.188
4.52
4.78
P
0.045
0.060
1.14
1.52
R
0.038
0.048
0.97
1.22
©2010 Littelfuse, Inc
Speciications are subject to change without notice.
Please refer to http://www.littelfuse.com for current information.
Teccor® brand Thyristors
12 Amp Alternistor (High Communitation) Triacs
Dimensions — TO-263AB (N-Package) — D2Pak Surface Mount
TC MEASURING POINT
C
V
B
Dimension
7.01
.276
A
8.41
.331
S
W
U
J
K
GATE
MT1
G
8.13
.320
Max
Min
Max
A
0.360
0.370
9.14
9.40
B
0.380
0.420
9.65
10.67
C
0.178
0.188
4.52
4.78
D
0.025
0.035
0.64
0.89
E
0.045
0.060
1.14
1.52
F
0.060
0.075
1.52
1.91
0.095
0.105
2.41
2.67
H
0.092
0.102
2.34
2.59
J
0.018
0.024
0.46
0.61
7.01
.276
K
0.090
0.110
2.29
2.79
S
0.590
0.625
14.99
15.88
1.40
.055
V
0.035
0.045
0.89
1.14
U
0.002
0.010
0.05
0.25
W
0.040
0.070
1.02
1.78
F
1168
.460
2.16
.085
16.89
.665
8.89
.350
Millimeters
Min
G
H
D
7.01
.276
Inches
AREA: 0.11 IN2
E
MT2
3.81
.150
2.03
.080
6.60
.260
Product Selector
Part Number
Voltage
Gate Sensitivity Quadrants
Type
Package
10 mA
Alternistor Triac
TO-220L
X
10 mA
Alternistor Triac
TO-220R
X
10 mA
Alternistor Triac
TO-263 D²-PAK
X
50 mA
Alternistor Triac
TO-220L
X
50 mA
Alternistor Triac
TO-220R
X
50 mA
Alternistor Triac
TO-263 D²-PAK
400V
600V
800V
Qxx12LH2
X
X
X
Qxx12RH2
X
X
Qxx12NH2
X
X
Qxx12LH5
X
X
X
Qxx12RH5
X
X
X
Qxx12NH5
X
X
X
1000V
I – II – III
Packing Options
Marking
Weight
Packing Mode
Base Quantity
Qxx12L/RHy
Part Number
Qxx12L/RHy
2.2 g
Bulk
500
Qxx12L/RHyTP
Qxx12L/RHy
2.2 g
Tube Pack
500 (50 per tube)
Qxx12NHyTP
Qxx12NHy
1.6 g
Tube
500 (50 per tube)
Qxx12NHyRP
Qxx12NHy
1.6 g
Embossed Carrier
500
Note: xx = Voltage; y = Sensitivity
Qxx12xHx Series
105
Revised: November 1, 2010 05:04 PM
©2010 Littelfuse, Inc
Speciications are subject to change without notice.
Please refer to http://www.littelfuse.com for current information.
Teccor® brand Thyristors
12 Amp Alternistor (High Communitation) Triacs
TO-263 Embossed Carrier Reel Pack (RP)
Meets all EIA-481-2 Standards
0.63
(16.0)
0.157
(4.0)
Gate
0.059
DIA
(1.5)
MT1
0.945
(24.0)
0.827
(21.0)
*
* Cover tape
MT2
12.99
(330.0)
0.512 (13.0) Arbor
Hole Dia.
Dimensions
are in inches
(and millimeters).
1.01
(25.7)
Direction of Feed
Part Numbering System
Part Marking System
Q 60 12 L H5 56
DEVICE TYPE
Q: Alternistor
VOLTAGE RATING
40: 400V
60: 600V
80: 800V
K0: 1000V
CURRENT RATING
12: 12A
Qxx12xHx Series
LEAD FORM DIMENSIONS
xx: Lead Form Option
SENSITIVITY & TYPE
H2: 10mA (QI, II, III)
H5: 50mA (QI, II, III)
Q6012RH5
YM
®
PACKAGE TYPE
L : TO-220 Isolated
R : TO-220 Non-Isolated
N : TO-263 (D2Pak)
106
Revised: November 1, 2010 05:04 PM
©2010 Littelfuse, Inc
Speciications are subject to change without notice.
Please refer to http://www.littelfuse.com for current information.
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