Rabbit | RCM3200 | User`s manual | Rabbit RCM3200 User`s manual

RabbitCore RCM3200
C-Programmable Module with Ethernet
User’s Manual
019–0118 •
080528–N
RabbitCore RCM3200 User’s Manual
Part Number 019-0118 • 080528–N • Printed in U.S.A.
©2002–2008 Digi International Inc. • All rights reserved.
No part of the contents of this manual may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means
without the express written permission of Digi International.
Permission is granted to make one or more copies as long as the copyright page contained therein is
included. These copies of the manuals may not be let or sold for any reason without the express written
permission of Digi International.
Digi International reserves the right to make changes and
improvements to its products without providing notice.
Trademarks
Rabbit, RabbitCore, and Dynamic C are registered trademarks of Digi International Inc.
Rabbit 3000 is a trademark of Digi International Inc.
The latest revision of this manual is available on the Rabbit Web site, www.rabbit.com,
for free, unregistered download.
Rabbit Semiconductor Inc.
www.rabbit.com
RabbitCore RCM3200
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter 1. Introduction
1
1.1 RCM3200 Features ...............................................................................................................................2
1.2 Comparing the RCM3209/RCM3229 and RCM3200/RCM3220 ........................................................4
1.3 Advantages of the RCM3200 ...............................................................................................................5
1.4 Development and Evaluation Tools......................................................................................................6
1.4.1 RCM3200 Development Kit .........................................................................................................6
1.4.2 Software ........................................................................................................................................7
1.4.3 Connectivity Interface Kits ...........................................................................................................7
1.4.4 Online Documentation ..................................................................................................................7
Chapter 2. Hardware Setup
9
2.1 Install Dynamic C .................................................................................................................................9
2.2 Hardware Connections........................................................................................................................10
2.2.1 Step 1 — Attach Module to Prototyping Board..........................................................................11
2.2.2 Step 2 — Connect Programming Cable ......................................................................................12
2.2.2.1 RCM3209 and RCM3229 .................................................................................................. 12
2.2.2.2 RCM3200 and RCM3220 .................................................................................................. 13
2.2.3 Step 3 — Connect Power ............................................................................................................14
2.2.3.1 Overseas Development Kits ............................................................................................... 15
2.3 Starting Dynamic C ............................................................................................................................16
2.4 Run a Sample Program .......................................................................................................................16
2.4.1 Troubleshooting ..........................................................................................................................16
2.5 Where Do I Go From Here? ...............................................................................................................17
2.5.1 Technical Support .......................................................................................................................17
Chapter 3. Running Sample Programs
19
3.1 Introduction.........................................................................................................................................19
3.2 Sample Programs ................................................................................................................................20
3.2.1 Serial Communication.................................................................................................................21
3.2.2 Other Sample Programs ..............................................................................................................22
Chapter 4. Hardware Reference
23
4.1 RCM3200 Digital Inputs and Outputs ................................................................................................24
4.1.1 Memory I/O Interface .................................................................................................................29
4.1.2 Other Inputs and Outputs ............................................................................................................29
4.1.3 5 V Tolerant Inputs .....................................................................................................................29
4.2 Serial Communication ........................................................................................................................30
4.2.1 Serial Ports ..................................................................................................................................30
4.2.2 Ethernet Port (RCM3200 only)...................................................................................................31
4.2.3 Serial Programming Port.............................................................................................................32
4.3 Serial Programming Cable..................................................................................................................33
4.3.1 Changing Between Program Mode and Run Mode ....................................................................33
4.3.2 Standalone Operation of the RCM3200......................................................................................34
4.4 Other Hardware...................................................................................................................................35
4.4.1 Clock Doubler .............................................................................................................................35
4.4.2 Spectrum Spreader ......................................................................................................................35
User’s Manual
4.5 Memory .............................................................................................................................................. 36
4.5.1 SRAM......................................................................................................................................... 36
4.5.2 Flash EPROM............................................................................................................................. 36
4.5.3 Dynamic C BIOS Source Files................................................................................................... 36
Chapter 5. Software Reference
37
5.1 More About Dynamic C ..................................................................................................................... 37
5.2 Dynamic C Function Calls ................................................................................................................. 39
5.2.1 Digital I/O................................................................................................................................... 39
5.2.2 SRAM Use.................................................................................................................................. 39
5.2.3 Serial Communication Drivers ................................................................................................... 40
5.2.4 TCP/IP Drivers ........................................................................................................................... 40
5.2.5 Prototyping Board Function Calls .............................................................................................. 40
5.2.5.1 Board Initialization ............................................................................................................ 41
5.3 Upgrading Dynamic C ....................................................................................................................... 42
5.3.1 Extras.......................................................................................................................................... 42
Chapter 6. Using the TCP/IP Features
43
6.1 TCP/IP Connections ........................................................................................................................... 43
6.2 TCP/IP Primer on IP Addresses ......................................................................................................... 45
6.2.1 IP Addresses Explained.............................................................................................................. 47
6.2.2 How IP Addresses are Used ....................................................................................................... 48
6.2.3 Dynamically Assigned Internet Addresses................................................................................. 49
6.3 Placing Your Device on the Network ................................................................................................ 50
6.4 Running TCP/IP Sample Programs.................................................................................................... 51
6.4.1 How to Set IP Addresses in the Sample Programs..................................................................... 52
6.4.2 How to Set Up your Computer’s IP Address for Direct Connect .............................................. 53
6.4.3 Dynamic C Compiler Settings.................................................................................................... 53
6.5 Run the PINGME.C Sample Program................................................................................................ 54
6.6 Running More Sample Programs With Direct Connect..................................................................... 54
6.7 Where Do I Go From Here? ............................................................................................................... 55
Appendix A. RCM3200 Specifications
57
A.1 Electrical and Mechanical Characteristics ........................................................................................ 58
A.1.1 Headers ...................................................................................................................................... 61
A.1.2 Physical Mounting..................................................................................................................... 62
A.2 Bus Loading ...................................................................................................................................... 63
A.3 Rabbit 3000 DC Characteristics ........................................................................................................ 66
A.4 I/O Buffer Sourcing and Sinking Limit............................................................................................. 67
A.5 Conformal Coating ............................................................................................................................ 68
A.6 Jumper Configurations ...................................................................................................................... 69
Appendix B. Prototyping Board
71
B.1 Introduction ....................................................................................................................................... 72
B.1.1 Prototyping Board Features ....................................................................................................... 73
B.2 Mechanical Dimensions and Layout ................................................................................................. 75
B.3 Power Supply..................................................................................................................................... 76
B.4 Using the Prototyping Board ............................................................................................................. 77
B.4.1 Adding Other Components ........................................................................................................ 78
B.4.2 Measuring Current Draw ........................................................................................................... 78
B.4.3 Other Prototyping Board Modules and Options ........................................................................ 79
B.5 Use of Rabbit 3000 Parallel Ports...................................................................................................... 80
Appendix C. LCD/Keypad Module
83
C.1 Specifications..................................................................................................................................... 83
C.2 Contrast Adjustments for All Boards ................................................................................................ 85
RabbitCore RCM3200
C.3 Keypad Labeling ................................................................................................................................86
C.4 Header Pinouts ...................................................................................................................................87
C.4.1 I/O Address Assignments...........................................................................................................87
C.5 Mounting LCD/Keypad Module on the Prototyping Board ..............................................................88
C.6 Bezel-Mount Installation....................................................................................................................89
C.6.1 Connect the LCD/Keypad Module to Your Prototyping Board.................................................91
C.7 LCD/Keypad Module Function Calls ................................................................................................92
C.7.1 LCD/Keypad Module Initialization............................................................................................92
C.7.2 LEDs...........................................................................................................................................92
C.7.3 LCD Display...............................................................................................................................93
C.7.4 Keypad......................................................................................................................................108
C.8 Sample Programs .............................................................................................................................111
Appendix D. Power Supply
113
D.1 Power Supplies.................................................................................................................................113
D.1.1 Battery Backup.........................................................................................................................113
D.1.2 Battery-Backup Circuit ............................................................................................................114
D.1.3 Reset Generator ........................................................................................................................115
D.2 Optional +5 V Output ......................................................................................................................115
Appendix E. Motor Control Option
117
E.1 Overview ..........................................................................................................................................117
E.2 Header J6 ..........................................................................................................................................118
E.3 Using Parallel Port F ........................................................................................................................119
E.3.1 Parallel Port F Registers ...........................................................................................................119
E.4 PWM Outputs...................................................................................................................................122
E.5 PWM Registers.................................................................................................................................123
E.6 Quadrature Decoder .........................................................................................................................124
Index
127
Schematics
131
User’s Manual
RabbitCore RCM3200
1. INTRODUCTION
The RCM3200 RabbitCore® module is designed to be the heart
of embedded control systems. The RCM3200 features an integrated 10/100Base-T Ethernet port and provides for LAN and
Internet-enabled systems to be built as easily as serial-communication systems.
Throughout this manual, the term RCM3200 refers to the complete series of RCM3200
RabbitCore modules unless other production models are referred to specifically.
The RCM3200 has a Rabbit® 3000 microprocessor operating at 44.2 MHz, data and program execution SRAM, flash memory, two clocks (main oscillator and timekeeping), and
the circuitry necessary for reset and management of battery backup of the Rabbit 3000’s
internal real-time clock and the data SRAM. Two 34-pin headers bring out the Rabbit
3000 I/O bus lines, parallel ports, and serial ports.
The RCM3200 receives its +3.3 V power from the customer-supplied motherboard on
which it is mounted. The RabbitCore RCM3200 can interface with all kinds of CMOScompatible digital devices through the motherboard.
User’s Manual
1
1.1 RCM3200 Features
• Small size: 1.85" x 2.73" x 0.86"
(47 mm x 69 mm x 22 mm)
• Microprocessor: Rabbit 3000 running at 44.2 MHz
• (RCM3200 only) 10/100Base-T Ethernet port with supporting LEDs
• 52 parallel 5 V tolerant I/O lines: 44 configurable for I/O, 4 fixed inputs, 4 fixed outputs
• Two additional digital inputs, two additional digital outputs
• External reset input
• Alternate I/O bus can be configured for 8 data lines and 6 address lines (shared with
parallel I/O lines), I/O read/write
• Ten 8-bit timers (six cascadable) and one 10-bit timer with two match registers
• 512K flash memory, 512K program execution SRAM, 256K data SRAM
• Real-time clock
• Watchdog supervisor
• Provision for customer-supplied backup battery via connections on header J2
• 10-bit free-running PWM counter and four width registers
• Two-channel Input Capture can be used to time input signals from various port pins
• Two-channel Quadrature Decoder accepts inputs from external incremental encoder
modules
• Six CMOS-compatible serial ports: maximum asynchronous baud rate of 5.5 Mbps. Four
ports are configurable as a clocked serial port (SPI), and two ports are configurable as
SDLC/HDLC serial ports.
• Supports 1.15 Mbps IrDA transceiver.
The RCM3209 and RCM3229 modules are similar in form, dimensions, and function to
the RCM3200/RCM3220, and based on the RCM3900 RabbitCore modules which were
first released in 2008.
There are two RCM3200 production models. Contact your Rabbit sales representative for
details.
2
RabbitCore RCM3200
Table 1 below summarizes the main features of the RCM3200.
Table 1. RCM3200 Features
Feature
Microprocessor
RCM3210*
RCM3200
RCM3220
Rabbit 3000 running at Rabbit 3000 running at Rabbit 3000 running at
44.2 MHz
29.5 MHz
44.2 MHz
Flash Memory
512K
256K
512K
Program Data SRAM
256K
128K
256K
Program Execution SRAM
512K
—
512K
RJ-45 Ethernet Connector,
Filter Capacitors, and LEDs
Serial Ports
Yes
No
6 shared high-speed, CMOS-compatible ports:
6 are configurable as asynchronous serial ports;
4 are configurable as clocked serial ports (SPI);
2 are configurable as SDLC/HDLC serial ports;
1 asynchronous serial port is dedicated for programming
* The RCM3210 was discontinued in July, 2004, and is no longer offered.
The RCM3200 can be programed locally, remotely, or via a network using appropriate
interface hardware.
Appendix A, “RCM3200 Specifications,” provides detailed specifications for the
RCM3200.
User’s Manual
3
1.2 Comparing the RCM3209/RCM3229 and RCM3200/RCM3220
We can no longer obtain certain components for the RCM3200/RCM3220 RabbitCore
modules that support the originally specified -40°C to +70°C temperature range. Instead of
changing the design of the RCM3200/RCM3220 RabbitCore modules to handle available
components specified for the original temperature range, we decided to develop a new
product line — the RCM3209/RCM3229 — based on the RCM3900 RabbitCore modules
that were released for the same reason.
The RCM3209/RCM3229 modules are similar in form, dimensions, and function to the
RCM3200/RCM3220 modules. We strongly recommend that existing RCM3200/RCM3220
customers and designers of new systems consider using the new RCM3209/RCM3229
RabbitCore modules.
This section compares the two lines of RabbitCore modules.
• Temperature Specifications — RCM3200/RCM3220 RabbitCore modules manufactured after May, 2008, are specified to operate at 0°C to +70°C. The RCM3209/
RCM3229, rated for -40°C to +85°C, are offered to customers requiring a larger
temperature range after May, 2008.
• Maximum Current — The RCM3200/RCM3220 draws 255 mA vs. the 325 mA
required by the RCM3209 (with Ethernet) or 190 mA (RCM3229 without Ethernet).
• LEDs — The LNK/ACT LEDs have been combined to one LED on the RCM3209, and
the RCM3209 has an FDX/COL LED where the ACT LED was on the RCM3200. The
RCM3229, like the RCM3220, has no LEDs and no Ethernet.
• Ethernet chip. A different Ethernet controller chip is used on the RCM3209. The
Ethernet chip is able to detect automatically whether a crossover cable or a straightthrough cable is being used in a particular setup, and will configure the signals on the
Ethernet jack interface. The RCM3229, like the RCM3220, has no Ethernet interface.
• Dynamic C — You may run an application developed for the RCM3200/RCM3220 on
the RCM3209/RCM3229 after you recompile it using Dynamic C v. 9.60 or later. The
new Dynamic C release incorporates many of the modules that previously had to be
purchased separately.
4
RabbitCore RCM3200
1.3 Advantages of the RCM3200
• Fast time to market using a fully engineered, “ready to run” microprocessor core.
• Competitive pricing when compared with the alternative of purchasing and assembling
individual components.
• Easy C-language program development and debugging
• Program Download Utility and cloning board options for rapid production loading of
programs.
• Generous memory size allows large programs with tens of thousands of lines of code,
and substantial data storage.
• Integrated Ethernet port for network connectivity, royalty-free TCP/IP software.
User’s Manual
5
1.4 Development and Evaluation Tools
1.4.1 RCM3200 Development Kit
The RCM3200 Development Kit contains the hardware you need to use your RCM3200
series RabbitCore module.
• RCM3209 module.
• Prototyping Board.
• Universal AC adapter, 12 V DC, 1 A (includes Canada/Japan/U.S., Australia/N.Z., U.K.,
and European style plugs).
• USB programming cable with 10-pin header.
• Dynamic C CD-ROM, with complete product documentation on disk.
• Getting Started instructions.
• Accessory parts for use on the Prototyping Board.
• Rabbit 3000 Processor Easy Reference poster.
• Registration card.
DIAG
Programming
Cable
Universal
AC Adapter
with Plugs
PROG
Accessory Parts for
Prototyping Board
+3.3V
POWER
C15
MOTOR/ENCODER
J6
CURRENT
MEASUREMENT
OPTION
DS3
JP1
C11
C10
D
GN
18
RC
D
GN
RC24
R6
+5V
1
R12
RC
R8
UX2
GN
R9
R11
R13
RC2
D
RC21
RC10
+5V
UX3
R7
GND
GND
GND
/IOWR
PB5
Rabbit, RabbitCore, Dynamic C, and Digi are registered trademarks of Digi International Inc.
PB3
PB0
PB4
PB2
PA4
PA6
PA5
GND
BD2
BD4
BD7
BD6
BD0
D
BA3
BA1
GN
BA0
BD5
BA2
BD3
+5V
/RES
LCD
C16
GND
GND
+5V
BPE3
R16
TP1
C9
U6
DISPLAY BOARD
U3
RC4
C14
U3
C6
RxC TxC
J5
TxB RxB
GND
RC25
RC5
RC27
RC28
RC26
RC29
UX7
C5
C8
RCM2JA
RESET
+5V
RC9
U1
J4
Getting Started
Instructions
UX4
+5V
RC7
UX5
R14
PC0
PF1
PF3
PA1
PA3
PA7
/RES STATUS
RC6
PC4
PC2
PC1
PF0
PF2
PA0
PA2
+5V
J8
+3.3V
+5V
PD5
PC5
PC3
PE3
PE5
PE7
PF6
PF4
PB6
PG0
PD4
PG6
PE0
PE1
PE4
PE6
PF7
PF5
PB7
PG1
PG4
PG5
PG7
Insert the CD from the Development Kit in
your PC’s CD-ROM drive. If the installation
does not auto-start, run the setup.exe program in the root directory of the Dynamic C
CD. Install any optional Dynamic C modules
or packs after you install Dynamic C.
PD4
PG2
R15
Installing Dynamic C®
PD5
+3.3V
+3.3V
PD2
PG3
/IORD
+3.3V
PD6
PD3
SM1
SM0
PD0
PD7
+3.3V
VRAM
BD1
GND
PD1
NC
GND
VBAT
EXT
/RES
IN
C4
Visit our online Rabbit store at www.rabbit.com/store/ for
the latest information on peripherals and accessories that
are available for the RCM3200 RabbitCore modules.
+5V
+3.3V
+3.3V
RC23
R10
• Registration card.
+DC
RC22
RC11
GND
• Dynamic C® CD-ROM, with complete product documentation on disk.
• Getting Started instructions.
• Rabbit 3000 Processor Easy Reference poster.
POWER
UX11
RCM2
UX9
• USB programming cable with 10-pin header.
• A bag of accessory parts for use on the Prototyping
Board.
J9
C2
RC13
+5V
Battery
GND
RC16
RC12
R21
D
RC15
RC19
RC20
RC14
• Prototyping Board.
J11
2.5 MM JACK
U5
BT1
MASTER
RC17
• Universal AC adapter, 12 V DC, 1 A (includes Canada/Japan/U.S., Australia/N.Z., U.K., and
European style plugs).
D
+DC
C1
R4
C12
J15
SLAVE
UX10
C3
R5
• RCM3209 module.
GN
4
2
R2
RN
RN
R3
The RCM3200 Development Kit contains the following items:
PC0
PF1
PF3
PA1
PA3
PA5
J3
R1
Development Kit Contents
U4
PA7
GND
GN
V
PC1
PF2
PA0
PA2
PA4
PA6
PE4
/RES
J1
C17
D1
D2
PC2
PF0
PE7
PF6
PF4
PB6
PB4
PB2
PB0
L1
C13
R20
PC4
PC3
PE5
PE6
PF7
PF5
PB7
PB5
PB3
RCM3200 RabbitCore modules feature the Rabbit 3000 microprocessor operating at 44.2 MHz with an
option for 10/100 Base-T Ethernet. These Getting Started instructions included with the Development Kit
will help you get the RCM3209 included with the Development Kit up and running so that you can run the
sample programs to explore its capabilities and develop your own applications.
3
PE4
RabbitCore® RCM3200
RN5
R17
PD5
PC5
PE0
RCM1JB
GND
RCM3000 ETHERNET CORE MODULE
PG0
PD4
PE3
RCM1JA
PD6
PD2
PD4
PG2
PG1
PG4
PG6
PG7
PD0
PD7
PD3
PD5
PG3
RN
/IOWR
PG5
PE1
PD1
NC
+3.3V
VRAM
SM1
/IORD
+5V
+3.3
RN1
GND
GND
VBAT
EXT
/RES
IN
SM0
S2
RCM2JB
S3
PG6
PG7
RCM30/31/32XX SERIES
PROTOTYPING BOARD
J10
C7
RS-232
DS1
DS2
DISPLAY BOARD
UX13
J7
DISPLAY BOARD
Prototyping Board
Figure 1. RCM3200 Development Kit
6
RabbitCore RCM3200
1.4.2 Software
The RCM3200 and the RCM3220 are programmed using version 9.21 or later of Rabbit’s
Dynamic C. A compatible version is included on the Development Kit CD-ROM.
Dynamic C v. 9.60, which is required for the related RCM3209 and RCM3229 RabbitCore
modules, includes the popular µC/OS-II real-time operating system, point-to-point protocol (PPP), FAT file system, RabbitWeb, and other select libraries that were previously sold
as indidual Dynamic C modules.
Rabbit also offers for purchase the Rabbit Embedded Security Pack featuring the Secure
Sockets Layer (SSL) and a specific Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) library. In addition to the Web-based technical support included at no extra charge, a one-year telephonebased technical support subscription is also available for purchase. Visit our Web site at
www.rabbit.com for further information and complete documentation, or contact your
Rabbit sales representative or authorized distributor.
1.4.3 Connectivity Interface Kits
Rabbit has available a Connector Adapter Board.
• Connector Adapter Board (Part No. 151-0114)—allows you to plug the RCM3200/
RCM3220 whose headers have a 2 mm pitch into header sockets with a 0.1" pitch.
Visit our Web site at www.rabbit.com or contact your Rabbit sales representative or authorized distributor for further information.
1.4.4 Online Documentation
The online documentation is installed along with Dynamic C, and an icon for the documentation menu is placed on the workstation’s desktop. Double-click this icon to reach the
menu. If the icon is missing, use your browser to find and load default.htm in the docs
folder, found in the Dynamic C installation folder.
The latest versions of all documents are always available for free, unregistered download
from our Web sites as well.
User’s Manual
7
8
RabbitCore RCM3200
2. HARDWARE SETUP
This chapter describes how to set up and connect an RCM3200 series
module and the Prototyping Board included in the Development Kit.
NOTE: This chapter (and this manual) assume that you have the RCM3200 Development
Kit. If you purchased an RCM3200 series module by itself, you will have to adapt the
information in this chapter and elsewhere to your test and development setup.
2.1 Install Dynamic C
To develop and debug programs for an RCM3200 series RabbitCore module (and for all
other Rabbit hardware), you must install and use Dynamic C.
If you have not yet installed Dynamic C, do so now by inserting the Dynamic C CD from
the Development Kit in your PC’s CD-ROM drive. If autorun is enabled, the CD installation will begin automatically.
If autorun is disabled or the installation otherwise does not start, use the Windows
Start | Run menu or Windows Disk Explorer to launch setup.exe from the root folder
of the CD-ROM.
The installation program will guide you through the installation process. Most steps of the
process are self-explanatory.
Dynamic C uses a COM (serial) port to communicate with the target development system.
The installation allows you to choose the COM port that will be used. The default selection is COM1. You may select any available port for Dynamic C’s use. If you are not certain which port is available, select COM1. This selection can be changed later within
Dynamic C.
NOTE: The installation utility does not check the selected COM port in any way. Specifying a port in use by another device (mouse, modem, etc.) may lead to a message such
as "could not open serial port" when Dynamic C is started.
Once your installation is complete, you will have up to three icons on your PC desktop.
One icon is for Dynamic C, one opens the documentation menu, and the third is for the
Rabbit Field Utility, a tool used to download precompiled software to a target system.
If you have purchased the optional Dynamic C Rabbit Embedded Security Pack, install it
after installing Dynamic C. You must install the Rabbit Embedded Security Pack in the
same directory where Dynamic C was installed.
User’s Manual
9
2.2 Hardware Connections
There are three steps to connecting the Prototyping Board for use with Dynamic C and the
sample programs:
1. Attach the RCM3200 series RabbitCore module to the Prototyping Board.
2. Connect the programming cable between the RCM3200 series RabbitCore module and
the workstation PC.
3. Connect the power supply to the Prototyping Board.
10
RabbitCore RCM3200
2.2.1 Step 1 — Attach Module to Prototyping Board
Turn the RCM3200 series module so that the Ethernet jack extends off the Prototyping
Board, as shown in Figure 2 below. Align the pins from the headers on the bottom side of
the module into header sockets RCM2JA and RCM2JB on the Prototyping Board (these
sockets were labeled J12 and J13 on earlier versions of the Prototyping Board).
MOTOR/ENCODER
J6
1
R25 R26
C11 C10
+3.3V
R23
R21
R20
6
C34
C30
C31
R13
R12
C26
C32
R14
C18
C13
Y1 C5
PA3
PA4
PA5
PB2
PA6
PA7
PB0
/RES STATUS
GND
C16
BA3
BA1
BD0
BD2
BD4
BD6
BD5
BD7
DISPLAY BOARD
RC25
RC4
RC5
C14
RC27
U3
U3
RC28
RC29
RC26
UX5
R14
RC9
UX7
U1
C5
RCM30/31/32XX SERIES
PROTOTYPING BOARD
C8
RCM2JA
RESET
C4
PA1
PA2
PB4
GND
J2
PA0
PB6
PB3
U6
GND
R15
JP1
PF4
PB5
BD3
U2
TP1
U1
PF5
PB7
RCM2JB
+5V
UX4
+5V
C9
RCM2JA
BD1
R4
PF3
R15
PF1
PF2
J1
PC0
PF0
PF6
RC7
GND
C11
JP2 JP3 JP4 JP5
PC2
PC1
PE7
PF7
RC6
BA0
R5
R6
PC3
PE5
PE6
+5V
+5V
J8
BA2
U3
PE3
PE4
GND
/RES
LCD
C10
PE1
+5V
C8
C9
U4
PC4
R2
L1
PC5
R11
J3
PE0
R16
C33
PG7
+5V
C17
DS1
PD5
RC1
L2
R16
DS2
R33
PG0
PD4
GND
U7 R19
Y2
DS3
R34
PG2
PG1
PG6
RC18
C29
R18
Q1
PD4
PG3
PG4
+3.3V
+3.3V
+3.3V
+5V
JP14
C46
PD2
PD5
/IORD
GND
GND
+3.3V
+5V
R28
PD3
SM1
PG5
UX2
GND
C1
VRAM
SM0
/IOWR
RC2
R1
+3.3V
R13
R9R3
C2
PD6
GND
VBAT
EXT
/RES
IN
R11
C4
PD7
PD0
RC21
C3
PD1
R12
R7
R10
R9
R8
NC
RC22
C6
C7
R7
U5
RC11
GND
RC24
R10
R6
C14
RC14
RC17
RC16
C16R8C12
R17 C19 C15
RC10
+3.3V
RC23
UX9
UX3
RC12
UX11
C24 C20
C21
JP9
JP8
JP10
JP7
C2
C27 C22
C23
RC13
Do not press down
here.
Battery
BPE3
Q2
D1
R29 U10
RN2
R2
MASTER
RCM2
RC20
C3
R5
R21
R24 Y3
UX10
RC15
RC19
R4
R3
+DC
J15
SLAVE
C28 C25U
GND
C1
+5V
GND
2
DS4
RCM39XX
U9
C45
PA7
J3
R1
+5V
BT1
PA5
PE4
/RES
J1
PA3
C35
PB0
C41
C42
PA6
PA1
GND
U5
RN4
PB2
PB3
PF3
R27
PA4
2.5 MM JACK
C12
C38
PA2
PB4
C37
PA0
PB6
PF1
C36
PF2
PF4
PC0
C40 R22
PF6
PF5
PB5
J11
D2
U4
PC2
C44 C39
PF7
PB7
PC4
C43 U8
R30
PF0
PE7
PD5
C47
PC1
PE5
JP13
R32
C48
R31
PC3
CURRENT
MEASUREMENT
OPTION
PC5
JP1
PD4
C17
D1
C13
R20
R17
C49
C50
CE
PE6
PE3
BSY
PE4
PE0
DS3
PG0
PE1
+3.3V
POWER
PG1
PG6
PG7
C15
PG4
PG5
POWER
/IOWR
L1
J9
PG2
+DC
PD4
PG3
RN5
RCM3000 ETHERNET CORE MODULE
JP11
PD5
/IORD
RCM1JB
GND
JP12
SM1
SM0
RCM1JA
GND
PD2
GND
PD6
PD3
RN3
PD0
PD7
VRAM
VBAT
EXT
/RES
IN
SPD LNK FDX
ACT COL
(RCM3200/RCM3220 look
slightly different)
PD1
+3.3V
R35
RCM3200 series
RabbitCore module
NC
GND
+5V
+3.3V
RN1
GND
C6
RxC TxC
GND
J5
J4
TxB RxB
GND
RCM2JB
S2
S3
PG6
RS-232
J10
DS1
UX13
PG7
C7
DS2
DISPLAY BOARD
J7
DISPLAY BOARD
Figure 2. Install the RCM3200 Series Module on the Prototyping Board
Although you can install a single module into either the MASTER or the SLAVE position
on the Prototyping Board, all the Prototyping Board features (switches, LEDs, serial port
drivers, etc.) are connected to the MASTER position — install a single module in the
MASTER position.
NOTE: It is important that you line up the pins from the headers on the bottom side of the
RCM3200 module exactly with the corresponding pins of header sockets RCM2JA and
RCM2JB on the Prototyping Board. The header pins may become bent or damaged if
the pin alignment is offset, and the module will not work. Permanent electrical damage
to the module may also result if a misaligned module is powered up.
Press the module’s pins firmly into the Prototyping Board header sockets—press down in
the area above the header pins using your thumbs or fingers over the connectors as shown
in Figure 2. Do not press down on the middle of the RCM3200 series module to avoid
flexing the module, which could damage the module or the components on the module.
Should you need to remove the RCM3200 module, grasp it with your fingers along the sides
by the connectors and gently work the module up to pull the pins away from the sockets
where they are installed. Do not remove the module by grasping it at the top and bottom.
User’s Manual
11
2.2.2 Step 2 — Connect Programming Cable
The programming cable connects the RCM3200 to the PC running Dynamic C to download programs and to monitor the RCM3200 module during debugging.
2.2.2.1 RCM3209 and RCM3229
Connect the 10-pin connector of the programming cable labeled PROG to header J1 on
the RCM3209/RCM3229 module as shown in Figure 3(a). Be sure to orient the marked
(usually red) edge of the cable towards pin 1 of the connector. (Do not use the DIAG
connector, which is used for a normal serial connection.)
MOTOR/ENCODER
J6
PA3
PB2
PA6
PB0
/RES
PE4
PA4
R28
JP14
R21
L2
R16
C26
C32
U4
U3
R5
R6
PROG
DISPLAY BOARD
RC25
RC4
RC5
C14
RC27
U3
RC28
R16
RC29
RC26
UX7
RCM30/31/32XX SERIES
PROTOTYPING BOARD
RCM2JB
PG6
DS1
PG7
J10
DS2
DISPLAY BOARD
Colored edge
UX13
To
PC USB port
J7
DISPLAY BOARD
Programming Cable
U2
R15
JP1
J2
J1
S3
DIAG
JP2 JP3 JP4 JP5
R4
C4
C16
UX5
U1
J1
RS-232
S2
U6
RC9
R2
C11
C10
PROG
C9
Y1 C5
C8
C9
J5
C7
+5V
UX4
+5V
R15
C18
L1
C6
GND
RC7
R11
C8
RxC TxC
J4
TP1
C17
C13
J3
C33
C5
GND
TxB RxB
GND
C31
R14
U1
RCM2JA
RESET
+5V
C30
Y2
PA7
R13
PA5
PA6
/RES STATUS
R12
PA4
PB2
PB0
6
PB4
PB3
GND
R20
U7 R19
PB5
C34
PA3
C29
PA1
PA2
R18
DS1
PF3
PA0
PB6
RC6
U3
R14
C1
PF2
PF4
+3.3V
+3.3V
+5V
+5V
J8
R1
PF6
PF5
1
PF7
PB7
R25 R26
DS2
R33
PF1
R23
DS3
R34
PC0
PF0
RC1
C46
Q1
PC2
PC1
PE7
+5V
Q2
D1
R29 U10
PC4
PC3
PE5
PE6
R24 Y3
DS4
RCM39XX
U9
PC5
PE3
PE4
+3.3V
R3
PE0
PE1
+3.3V
C6
PG7
C12
PD5
C16
PD4
GND
GND
C24 C20
C21
PG6
JP11
PG5
C2
PG0
C28 C25U
PG1
C4
PG4
GND
GND
C3
/IOWR
R8
PG2
C7
R7
PD4
PG3
R10
PD2
PD5
/IORD
UX2
R9
PD3
SM1
RC2
U5
VRAM
SM0
RC21
C14
VBAT
EXT
/RES
IN
R17 C19 C15
PD6
JP7
PD7
JP9
+3.3V
JP8
GND
C27 C22
C23
PD0
JP10
PD1
JP13
C35
RC11
NC
C38
R9
R11
C36
R13
RC10
GND
RC22
C37
R7
UX3
R27
R12
C44
C39
C40 R22
R6
RC16
C43 U8
R30
R21
RC23
R10
C47
R8
RC17
RC13
RC12
C49
C50
R32
C48
R31
R35
UX9
RC14
UX11
RC24
JP12
RCM2
CE
SPD LNK FDX
ACT COL
RC20
BSY
C2
C3
R5
RC19
C45
RC15
R4
R2
RC18
MASTER
C1
R3
J15
SLAVE
UX10
GND
2
PA7
R1
+DC
BT1
PA5
J3
C41
C42
RN2
J1
GND
GND
PA2
PB4
PB3
+5V
+3.3V
BD6
PB6
PB5
+5V
+3.3V
BD4
PB7
Battery
BD2
PA1
BD7
PF3
PA0
BD5
PF1
PF2
PF4
BD3
PF0
PF6
PF5
C11 C10
PE7
PF7
BD0
PE6
BA1
PC0
BA3
PC1
U5
GND
PE5
C12
GND
PE4
2.5 MM JACK
D2
U4
BD1
PC2
GND
PC4
PC3
BA0
PD5
PC5
PE3
BA2
PG0
PD4
PE0
PE1
/RES
LCD
PG1
PG6
PG7
R17
+5V
PG4
PG5
D1
C13
R20
+5V
/IOWR
J11
RCM3000 ETHERNET CORE MODULE
BPE3
PG2
C17
JP1
PG3
CURRENT
MEASUREMENT
OPTION
/IORD
L1
DS3
SM0
+3.3V
POWER
PD4
C15
PD2
PD5
RN5
POWER
PD3
SM1
RCM1JB
GND
J9
VRAM
VBAT
EXT
/RES
IN
RCM1JA
+DC
PD6
GND
PD7
GND
PD0
+3.3V
RN4
PD1
GND
RN3
NC
+5V
+3.3V
RN1
GND
Figure 3(a). Connect Programming Cable to RCM3209/RCM3229
Connect the other end of the programming cable to an available USB port on your PC or
workstation. Your PC should recognize the new USB hardware, and the LEDs in the
shrink-wrapped area of the USB programming cable will flash.
12
RabbitCore RCM3200
2.2.2.2 RCM3200 and RCM3220
Connect the 10-pin connector of the programming cable labeled PROG to header J3 on
the RCM3200 module as shown in Figure 3(b). Be sure to orient the marked (usually red)
edge of the cable towards pin 1 of the connector. (Do not use the DIAG connector, which is
used for a normal serial connection.)
MOTOR/ENCODER
J6
C11 C10
PA7
MASTER
C72
C68
C64
C67
R72
RC1
L2
C62
PB4
PA4
PA5
PB3
PB2
PA6
PA7
PB0
/RES STATUS
RCM2JA
RESET
GND
J5
J4
GND
C7
RS-232
GND
BD2
BD4
BD6
BD7
DISPLAY BOARD
RC25
RC4
RC5
C14
RC27
U3
RC28
RC29
RC26
UX5
R14
To
PC COM port
RC9
UX7
S3
BD5
C45
C44
C43
R38
C39
TP1
C19
C16
RCM30/31/32XX SERIES
PROTOTYPING BOARD
PG6
PG7
DS1
DS2
UX13
Colored
shrink wrap
J10
J7
DISPLAY BOARD
Colored edge
DISPLAY BOARD
Programming Cable
J3
PROG
TxB RxB
U6
C9
RCM2JB
S2
+5V
UX4
+5V
U3
R24
C28
C27
C24
C20
C6
RxC TxC
RC7
C32
JP4
JP3
C37
C36
R28
JP5
R31
R27
C35
C29
C8
RC6
BD3
C48
R42
C33
C30
C23
C18
C5
PROG
PB5
U1
+5V
+5V
J8
BD0
C49
PA3
C16
C15
PA1
PA2
C1
PF3
PA0
PB6
C9
C8
PF1
PF2
PF4
C4
PF0
PF6
PF5
C17
PE7
PF7
PB7
C12
PE6
C4
PC0
C3
PC2
PC1
U1 C5
PC4
PC3
PE5
R10
R14
PC5
PE3
PE4
R8
PE0
PE1
+3.3V
+3.3V
+3.3V
R1
PG7
GND
GND
+3.3V
R7
R9
PD5
RP1
PD4
R17
R18
PG6
R19
PG5
R20
PG0
U4
PG1
R23
PG4
C31
PG2
/IOWR
R22
PD4
PG3
GND
GND
D1
PD2
PD5
/IORD
R29
R37
R39
R40
PD3
SM1
Y3
VRAM
SM0
R25
VBAT
EXT
/RES
IN
C42
PD6
R35
PD7
U5
+3.3V
U6
GND
BA1
UX2
Q1
PD0
R41
PD1
C53
NC
C47
GND
BA3
RC2
GND
R51
R49
R48
C61
DS3
DS2
DS1
R9
R11
RC11
L1
R74
C83
C71
RC22
RC21
RC10
R13
R21
R7
UX3
RC12
R12
R6
RC14
RC16
C57
GND
R75
R67
R70
RC23
RC17
RC13
GND
RC24
R71
UX9
C86
RC20
R8
R2
RC19
R10
C3
R5
SPD LNK ACT
R4
UX11
RCM2
GND
RC15
C2
R1
+3.3V
R58
C1
R3
+3.3V
J15
SLAVE
UX10
GND
J3
J4
PE4
R63 R64
PA6
/RES
C79
Y4
PB2
RN2
J1
R69
PB0
+DC
R73
PB3
GND
BT1
BD1
PA5
GND
PA4
BA0
PB4
BA2
PB5
Battery
/RES
LCD
PA3
+5V
PA1
PA2
+5V
PF3
PA0
PB6
BPE3
PF1
PF2
PF4
+5V
GND
PF0
PF6
PF5
R16
PE7
PF7
PB7
DIAG
PE6
+5V
+5V
PC0
C75
PC1
U5
C74
PE5
C12
+5V
PE4
2.5 MM JACK
D2
U4
R15
PC2
RC18
PC3
R44
PE3
R47
PC4
PE1
J3
PD5
PC5
C59
PG0
PD4
PE0
J11
D1
C13
R20
R17
U8
PG2
PG1
PG6
JP1
PG3
PG4
PG7
CURRENT
MEASUREMENT
OPTION
/IORD
PG5
C17
RCM3000 ETHERNET CORE MODULE
RN4
SM0
/IOWR
L1
DS3
PD4
+3.3V
POWER
PD2
PD5
RN5
C15
PD3
SM1
RCM1JB
GND
POWER
VRAM
RCM1JA
J9
PD6
+DC
PD7
GND
PD0
+3.3V
GND
PD1
GND
VBAT
EXT
/RES
IN
RN3
NC
+5V
+3.3V
RN1
GND
Figure 3(b). Connect Programming Cable to RCM3200
NOTE: Be sure to use the serial programming cable (part number 101-0542)—the programming cable has blue shrink wrap around the RS-232 converter section located in
the middle of the cable. The USB programming cable and programming cables with red
or clear shrink wrap from other Rabbit kits are not designed to work with
RCM3200/RCM3220 modules.
Connect the other end of the programming cable to a COM port on your PC.
NOTE: It may be possible to use an RS-232/USB converter with the serial programming
described in this section. An RS-232/USB converter (part number 20-151-0178) is
available through the Web store. Note that not all RS-232/USB converters work with
Dynamic C.
User’s Manual
13
2.2.3 Step 3 — Connect Power
When all other connections have been made, you can connect power to the Prototyping
Board.
If you have the universal power supply, prepare the AC adapter for the country where it
will be used by selecting the plug. The RCM3200 Development Kit presently includes
Canada/Japan/U.S., Australia/N.Z., U.K., and European style plugs. Snap in the top of the
plug assembly into the slot at the top of the AC adapter as shown in Figure 4, then press
down on the spring-loaded clip below the plug assembly to allow the plug assembly to
click into place.
Connect the 3-pin connector from the AC adapter to header J9 on the Prototyping Board as
shown in Figure 4 below. A plug-type jack is available at J11 for other AC adapters.
AC adapter
3-pin
power connector
MOTOR/ENCODER
J6
C11 C10
UX11
Q2
R28
R21
GND
R20
GND
GND
BA3
BA1
BD0
BD2
BD4
BD6
GND
BA2
BA0
BD1
BD3
BD5
BD7
/RES
LCD
UX4
+5V
L2
R16
C26
C32
R14
C18
C13
R15
J3
C33
C17
C9
GND
C31
R11
C8
C9
L1
C11
C10
JP2 JP3 JP4 JP5
U6
C16
DISPLAY BOARD
RC25
RC4
RC5
C14
RC27
U3
U3
RC28
RC29
RC26
UX5
R14
RC9
R4
C5
JP1
J2
C4
C8
C6
RxC TxC
GND
J5
J4
TxB RxB
+5V
U7 R19
C34
C30
DS1
/RES STATUS
+5V
DS2
R33
PB0
RCM2JA
RESET
BPE3
DS3
R34
PA7
R25 R26
Q1
PA5
PA6
R23
JP14
PA3
PA4
PB2
RC1
C46
PA1
PA2
PB4
1
DS4
RCM39XX
D1
R29 U10
PA0
PB6
PB3
Press down on clip,
snap plug into place
+5V
UX7
U1
GND
C1
PF4
PB5
2
Assemble
AC Adapter
S2
R1
PF5
PB7
RC7
+5V
J8
Insert tab into slot
R3
PF3
RC6
C6
PF1
PF2
+3.3V
+5V
C12
PC0
PF0
PF6
+3.3V
+3.3V
C16
PC2
PC1
PE7
PF7
JP11
PC3
PE5
PE6
C2
PE3
PE4
GND
GND
C24 C20
C21
PE1
C28 C25U
PC4
JP13
PD5
PC5
C4
PG0
PD4
PE0
GND
GND
+3.3V
C3
PG1
PG6
PG7
R10
PG4
PG5
R9
/IOWR
R8
PG2
UX2
C7
R7
PD4
PG3
RC2
U5
PD2
PD5
/IORD
RC21
C14
PD3
SM1
R17 C19 C15
VRAM
JP7
PD6
+3.3V
SM0
JP9
PD7
GND
VBAT
EXT
/RES
IN
JP8
PD0
JP10
PD1
C27 C22
C23
NC
1
C37
R9
R11
R13 C35
RC11
C36
RC10
GND
RC22
C38
R7
UX3
R27
C44
R12C39
R6
C40 R22
RC16
C43 U8
R8
R30
RC13
RC12
R21
RC24
RC23
R10
C47
RC17
C49
C50
R32
C48
R31
RC14
R35
UX9
JP12
RCM2
CE
R2
SPD LNK FDX
ACT COL
C3
R5
RC20
BSY
C2
R3
RC19
U9
RC15
R4
Alternate
power connector
GND
MASTER
C1
+3.3V
BT1
J3
R1
+3.3V
J15
SLAVE
UX10
C45
RN2
J1
+DC
+5V
GND
GND
+5V
PA7
PE4
Battery
R16
PA5
PA6
/RES
TP1
PA3
PA4
PB2
PB0
+5V
RC18
PA2
PB4
PB3
U2
PB6
PB5
R15
PB7
J1
PA1
R2
PF3
PA0
RCM2JB
S3
RCM30/31/32XX SERIES
PROTOTYPING BOARD
U1
PF2
PF4
R5
R6
PF6
PF5
U3
PF7
+5V
Y1 C5
PF1
U4
PF0
R13
PE7
C12
U5
R12
PE6
2.5 MM JACK
D2
U4
6
PC0
Y2
PC1
C29
PE5
R18
PC2
PE4
C13
R20
R17
2
PC4
PC3
D1
R24 Y3
PD5
PC5
PE3
J11
RCM3000 ETHERNET CORE MODULE
C41
C42
PG0
PD4
PE0
PE1
CURRENT
MEASUREMENT
OPTION
PG1
PG6
PG7
C17
JP1
PG4
PG5
L1
DS3
/IOWR
+3.3V
POWER
PG2
C15
PD4
PG3
RN5
POWER
PD5
/IORD
RCM1JB
GND
RN4
SM1
SM0
RCM1JA
J9
PD2
+DC
PD6
PD3
GND
PD0
PD7
VRAM
VBAT
EXT
/RES
IN
GND
PD1
+3.3V
RN3
NC
GND
+5V
+3.3V
RN1
GND
PG6
RS-232
J10
DS1
UX13
PG7
C7
DS2
DISPLAY BOARD
J7
DISPLAY BOARD
RESET
Figure 4. Power Supply Connections
Plug in the AC adapter. The red power lamp on the Prototyping Board to the left of jack
J11 should light up. The RCM3200 and the Prototyping Board are now ready to be used.
NOTE: A RESET button is provided on the Prototyping Board to allow hardware reset
without disconnecting power.
To power down the Prototyping Board, unplug the power connector from J11. You should
disconnect power before making any circuit adjustments in the prototyping area, changing
any connections to the board, or removing the RCM3200 from the Prototyping Board.
14
RabbitCore RCM3200
2.2.3.1 Overseas Development Kits
Development kits sold outside North America up to May, 2008, included a header connector that may be connected to 3-pin header J9 on the Prototyping Board. The connector may
be attached either way as long as it is not offset to one side. The red and black wires from
the connector can then be connected to the positive and negative connections on your
power supply. The power supply should deliver 8 V–24 V DC at 8 W.
User’s Manual
15
2.3 Starting Dynamic C
NOTE: Dynamic C v. 9.60 or a later version is required if you are using an RCM3209 or
an RCM3229 RabbitCore module.
Once the RCM3200 is connected as described in the preceding pages, start Dynamic C by
double-clicking on the Dynamic C icon on your desktop or in your Start menu. Select
Code and BIOS in Flash, Run in RAM on the “Compiler” tab in the Dynamic C Options
> Project Options menu. Click OK.
If you are using a USB port to connect your computer to the RCM3200 module, choose
Options > Project Options and select “Use USB to Serial Converter” under the
Communications tab. Click OK.
2.4 Run a Sample Program
Use the File menu to open the sample program PONG.C, which is in the Dynamic C
SAMPLES folder. Press function key F9 to compile and run the program. The STDIO
window will open on your PC and will display a small square bouncing around in a box.
This program shows that the CPU is working. The sample program described in
Section 6.5, “Run the PINGME.C Sample Program,” tests the TCP/IP portion of the board.
2.4.1 Troubleshooting
If Dynamic C cannot find the target system (error message "No Rabbit Processor
Detected."):
• Check that the RCM3200 is powered correctly — the red power lamp on the Prototyping
Board should be lit when the RCM3200 is mounted on the Prototyping Board and the AC
adapter is plugged in.
• Check both ends of the programming cable to ensure that they are firmly plugged into
the PC and the PROG connector, not the DIAG connector, is plugged in to the programming port on the RCM3200 with the marked (colored) edge of the programming cable
towards pin 1 of the programming header.
• Ensure that the RCM3200 module is firmly and correctly installed in its connectors on
the Prototyping Board.
• Dynamic C uses the COM port or USB port specified during installation. Select a different COM port within Dynamic C. From the Options menu, select Project Options,
then select Communications. Select another COM port from the list, then click OK.
Press <Ctrl-Y> to force Dynamic C to recompile the BIOS. If Dynamic C still reports it
is unable to locate the target system, repeat the above steps until you locate the COM
port used by the programming cable.
• If you get an error message when you plugged the programming cable into a USB port,
you will have to install USB drivers. Drivers for Windows XP are available in the
Dynamic C Drivers\Rabbit USB Programming Cable\WinXP_2K folder —
double-click DPInst.exe to install the USB drivers. Drivers for other operating systems are available online at www.ftdichip.com/Drivers/VCP.htm.
16
RabbitCore RCM3200
If Dynamic C appears to compile the BIOS successfully, but you then receive a communication error message when you compile and load the sample program, it is possible that
your PC cannot handle the higher program-loading baud rate. Try changing the maximum
download rate to a slower baud rate as follows.
• Locate the Serial Options dialog in the Dynamic C Options > Project Options >
Communications menu. Select a slower Max download baud rate.
If a program compiles and loads, but then loses target communication before you can
begin debugging, it is possible that your PC cannot handle the default debugging baud
rate. Try lowering the debugging baud rate as follows.
• Locate the Serial Options dialog in the Dynamic C Options > Project Options >
Communications menu. Choose a lower debug baud rate.
2.5 Where Do I Go From Here?
If the sample program ran fine, you are now ready to go on to other sample programs and to
develop your own applications. The source code for the sample programs is provided to allow
you to modify them for your own use. The RCM3200 User’s Manual also provides
complete hardware reference information and describes the software function calls for the
RCM3200 and the RCM3220, the Prototyping Board, and the optional LCD/keypad module.
The RCM3209/RCM3229 User’s Manual also provides complete hardware reference information and describes the software function calls for the RCM3209 and the RCM3229, the
Prototyping Board, and the optional LCD/keypad module.
For advanced development topics, refer to the Dynamic C User’s Manual and the
Dynamic C TCP/IP User’s Manual, also in the online documentation set.
2.5.1 Technical Support
NOTE: If you purchased your RCM3200 through a distributor or through a Rabbit partner,
contact the distributor or partner first for technical support.
If there are any problems at this point:
• Use the Dynamic C Help menu to get further assistance with Dynamic C.
• Check the Rabbit Technical Bulletin Board and forums at www.rabbit.com/support/bb/
and at www.rabbit.com/forums/.
• Use the Technical Support e-mail form at www.rabbit.com/support/.
User’s Manual
17
18
RabbitCore RCM3200
3. RUNNING SAMPLE PROGRAMS
To develop and debug programs for the RCM3200 (and for all
other Rabbit hardware), you must install and use Dynamic C.
3.1 Introduction
To help familiarize you with the RCM3200 modules, Dynamic C includes several sample
programs. Loading, executing and studying these programs will give you a solid hands-on
overview of the RCM3200’s capabilities, as well as a quick start using Dynamic C as an
application development tool.
NOTE: The sample programs assume that you have at least an elementary grasp of the C
programming language. If you do not, see the introductory pages of the Dynamic C
User’s Manual for a suggested reading list.
Complete information on Dynamic C is provided in the Dynamic C User’s Manual.
In order to run the sample programs discussed in this chapter and elsewhere in this manual,
1. Your RCM3200 module must be plugged in to the Prototyping Board as described in
Chapter 2, “Hardware Setup.”
2. Dynamic C must be installed and running on your PC.
3. The RCM3200 module must be connected to your PC through the serial programming
cable.
4. Power must be applied to the RCM3200 through the Prototyping Board.
Refer to Chapter 2, “Hardware Setup,” if you need further information on these steps.
If you are using an RCM3200 or RCM3220, remember to allow the compiler to run the
application in the program execution SRAM by selecting Code and BIOS in Flash, Run
in RAM from the Dynamic C Options > Project Options > Compiler menu.
To run a sample program, open it with the File menu, then press function key F9 to compile and run the program.
Complete information on Dynamic C is provided in the Dynamic C User’s Manual.
User’s Manual
19
3.2 Sample Programs
Of the many sample programs included with Dynamic C, several are specific to the
RCM3200. Sample programs illustrating the general operation of the RCM3200, and
serial communication are provided in the SAMPLES\RCM3200 folder. Each sample program has comments that describe the purpose and function of the program. Follow the
instructions at the beginning of the sample program.
• CONTROLLED.C—uses the STDIO window to demonstrate digital outputs by toggling
LEDs DS1 and DS2 on the Prototyping Board on and off.
Parallel Port G bit 6 = LED DS1
Parallel Port G bit 7 = LED DS2
Once you have compiled and run this program, you will be prompted via the Dynamic
C STDIO window to select LED DS1 or DS2. Use your PC keyboard to make your
selection.
Once you have selected the LED, you will be prompted to select to turn the LED either
ON or OFF. A logic low will light up the LED you selected.
• FLASHLED1.c—demonstrates the use of costatements to flash LEDs DS1 and DS2 on
the Prototyping Board at different rates. Once you have compiled and run this program,
LEDs DS1 and DS2 will flash on/off at different rates.
• FLASHLED2.c—demonstrates the use of cofunctions and costatements to flash LEDs
DS1 and DS2 on the Prototyping Board at different rates. Once you have compiled and
run this program, LEDs DS1 and DS2 will flash on/off at different rates.
• TOGGLESWITCH.c—demonstrates the use of costatements to detect switches using the
press-and-release method of debouncing. LEDs DS1 and DS2 on the Prototyping
Board are turned on and off when you press switches S2 and S3.
• IR_DEMO.c—Demonstrates sending Modbus ASCII packets between two Prototyping
Board assemblies via the IrDA transceivers with the IrDA transceivers facing each other.
Note that this sample program will only work with the RCM30/31/32XX Prototyping
Board.
First, compile and run this program on one Prototyping Board assembly, then remove
the programming cable and press the RESET button on the Prototyping Board so that
the first RabbitCore module is operating in the Run mode. Then connect the programming cable to the second Prototyping Board assembly with the RCM3200 and compile
and run the same sample program. With the programming cable still connected to the
second Prototyping Board assembly, press switch S2 on the second Prototyping Board
to transmit a packet. Once the first Prototyping Board assembly receives a test packet, it
will send back a response packet that will be displayed in the Dynamic C STDIO window. The test packets and response packets have different codes.
Once you have loaded and executed these five programs and have an understanding of
how Dynamic C and the RCM3200 modules interact, you can move on and try the other
sample programs, or begin building your own.
20
RabbitCore RCM3200
3.2.1 Serial Communication
The following sample programs can be found in the SAMPLES\RCM3200\SERIAL folder.
• FLOWCONTROL.C—This program demonstrates hardware flow control by configuring
Serial Port C (PC3/PC2) for CTS/RTS with serial data coming from TxB at 115,200 bps.
One character at a time is received and is displayed in the STDIO window.
To set up the Prototyping Board, you will need to tie TxB and RxB
together on the RS-232 header at J5, and you will also tie TxC and
RxC together using the jumpers supplied in the Development Kit as
shown in the diagram.
RxC TxC
J5
TxB RxB GND
A repeating triangular pattern should print out in the STDIO window.
The program will periodically switch flow control on or off to demonstrate the effect of
no flow control.
• PARITY.C—This program demonstrates the use of parity modes by
repeatedly sending byte values 0–127 from Serial Port B to Serial Port
C. The program will switch between generating parity or not on Serial
Port B. Serial Port C will always be checking parity, so parity errors
should occur during every other sequence.
RxC TxC
J5
TxB RxB GND
To set up the Prototyping Board, you will need to tie TxB and RxC together on the
RS-232 header at J5 using the jumpers supplied in the Development Kit as shown in the
diagram.
The Dynamic C STDIO window will display the error sequence.
• SIMPLE3WIRE.C—This program demonstrates basic RS-232 serial
communication. Lower case characters are sent by TxC, and are
received by RxB. The characters are converted to upper case and are
sent out by TxB, are received by RxC, and are displayed in the
Dynamic C STDIO window.
RxC TxC
J5
TxB RxB GND
To set up the Prototyping Board, you will need to tie TxB and RxC together on the
RS-232 header at J5, and you will also tie RxB and TxC together using the jumpers
supplied in the Development Kit as shown in the diagram.
• SIMPLE5WIRE.C—This program demonstrates 5-wire RS-232 serial communication
with flow control on Serial Port C and data flow on Serial Port B.
To set up the Prototyping Board, you will need to tie TxB and RxB
together on the RS-232 header at J5, and you will also tie TxC and
RxC together using the jumpers supplied in the Development Kit as
shown in the diagram.
RxC TxC
J5
TxB RxB GND
Once you have compiled and run this program, you can test flow control by disconnecting TxC from RxC while the program is running. Characters will no
longer appear in the STDIO window, and will display again once TxC is connected
back to RxC.
User’s Manual
21
• SWITCHCHAR.C—This program demonstrates transmitting and then receiving an
ASCII string on Serial Ports B and C. It also displays the serial data received from both
ports in the STDIO window.
To set up the Prototyping Board, you will need to tie TxB and RxC
together on the RS-232 header at J5, and you will also tie RxB and
TxC together using the jumpers supplied in the Development Kit as
shown in the diagram.
RxC TxC
J5
TxB RxB GND
Once you have compiled and run this program, press and release S2
and S3 on the Prototyping Board. The data sent between the serial ports will be displayed in the STDIO window.
Two sample programs,
SIMPLE485MASTER.C and
SIMPLE485SLAVE.C, are available to
illustrate RS-485 master/slave communication. To run these sample programs, you will need a second Rabbitbased system with RS-485, and you
will also have to add an RS-485 transceiver such as the SP483E and bias
resistors to the RCM30/31/32XX
Prototyping Board.
PC0
PC1
PD4
GND
Vcc
485+
Vcc
bias
681 W
RO
termination
220 W
/RE
bias
681 W
DI
A
RS-485
DE CHIP B
485–
The diagram shows the connections. You will have to connect PC0 and PC1 (Serial Port D)
on the RCM30/31/32XX Prototyping Board to the RS-485 transceiver, and you will connect PD4 to the RS-485 transceiver to enable or disable the RS-485 transmitter.
The RS-485 connections between the slave and master devices are as follows.
•
RS485+ to RS485+
•
RS485– to RS485–
•
GND to GND
• SIMPLE485MASTER.C—This program demonstrates a simple RS-485 transmission of
lower case letters to a slave RCM3200. The slave will send back converted upper case
letters back to the master RCM3200 and display them in the STDIO window. Use
SIMPLE485SLAVE.C to program the slave RCM3200.
• SIMPLE485SLAVE.C—This program demonstrates a simple RS-485 transmission of
lower case letters to a master RCM3200. The slave will send back converted upper case
letters back to the master RCM3200 and display them in the STDIO window. Use
SIMPLE485MASTER.C to program the master RCM3200.
3.2.2 Other Sample Programs
Section 6.5 describes the TCP/IP sample programs, and Appendix C.8 provides sample
programs for the optional LCD/keypad module that can be installed on the Prototyping
Board.
22
RabbitCore RCM3200
4. HARDWARE REFERENCE
Chapter 4 describes the hardware components and principal hardware
subsystems of the RCM3200. Appendix A, “RCM3200 Specifications,” provides complete physical and electrical specifications.
Figure 5 shows these Rabbit-based subsystems designed into the RCM3200.
Ethernet
Fast SRAM
(program)
Data
SRAM
32 kHz 22.1 MHz
osc
osc
RABBIT ®
3000
Program
Flash
Battery-Backup
Circuit
RabbitCore Module
Customer-specific
applications
CMOS-level signals
Level
converter
RS-232, RS-485
serial communication
drivers on motherboard
Customer-supplied
external 3 V battery
Figure 5. RCM3200 Subsystems
User’s Manual
23
4.1 RCM3200 Digital Inputs and Outputs
The RCM3200 has 52 parallel I/O lines grouped in seven 8-bit ports available on headers
J1 and J2. The 44 bidirectional I/O lines are located on pins PA0–PA7, PB0, PB2–PB7,
PD2–PD7, PE0–PE1, PE3–PE7, PF0–PF7, and PG0–PG7.
Figure 6 shows the RCM3200 pinouts for headers J1 and J2.
J1
GND
PA7
PA5
PA3
PA1
PF3
PF1
PC0
PC2
PC4
PC6-TxA
PG0
PG2
PD4
PD2
PD6
n.c.
J2
STATUS
PA6
PA4
PA2
PA0
PF2
PF0
PC1
PC3
PC5
PC7-RxA
PG1
PG3
PD5
PD3
PD7
n.c.
/RES
PB2
PB4
PB6
PF4
PF6
PE7
PE5
PE3
PE0
PG6
PG4
/IORD
SMOD1
VRAM
+3.3V
n.c.
PB0
PB3
PB5
PB7
PF5
PF7
PE6
PE4
PE1
PG7
PG5
/IOWR
SMOD0
/RESET_IN
VBAT_EXT
GND
GND
n.c. = not connected
Note: These pinouts are as seen on
the Bottom Side of the module.
Figure 6. RCM3200 Pinouts
The pinouts for the RCM3000, RCM3100, and RCM3200 are compatible. Visit the Web site for
further information.
Headers J1 and J2 are standard 2 × 34 headers with a nominal 2 mm pitch. An RJ-45 Ethernet jack is also included with the RCM3200 series.
The signals labeled PD2, PD3, PD6, and PD7 on header J1 (pins 29–32) and the pins that
are not connected (pins 33–34 on header J1 and pin 33 on header J2) are reserved for
future use.
24
RabbitCore RCM3200
Figure 7 shows the use of the Rabbit 3000 microprocessor ports in the RCM3200 modules.
PC0, PC2, PC4
PC1, PC3, PC5
PG2, PG6
PG3, PG7
PB1, PC6, STATUS
PC7, /RES,
SMODE0, SMODE1
4 Ethernet signals
PA0–PA7
PB0,
PB2–PB7
PD4–PD5
Port A
Port B
(+Ethernet Port)
Port C
(Serial Ports B,C & D)
Port G
Port D
RABBIT ®
3000
(Serial Ports E & F)
Programming
Port
(Serial Port A)
Ethernet
Port
RAM
Real-Time Clock
Watchdog
11 Timers
Slave Port
Clock Doubler
Port E
PE0–PE1,
PE3–PE7
Port F
PF0–PF7
Port G
PG0–PG1,
PG4–PG5
(+Serial Ports)
Misc. I/O
Backup Battery
Support
Flash
/RES_IN
/RESET
/IORD
/IOWR
Figure 7. Use of Rabbit 3000 Ports
The ports on the Rabbit 3000 microprocessor used in the RCM3200 are configurable, and
so the factory defaults can be reconfigured. Table 2 lists the Rabbit 3000 factory defaults
and the alternate configurations.
User’s Manual
25
Table 2. RCM3200 Pinout Configurations
Pin
Pin Name
1
GND
2
STATUS
Default Use
Alternate Use
Output (Status)
Output
Notes
3–10
PA[7:0]
Parallel I/O
External data bus
(ID0–ID7)
Slave port data bus
(SD0–SD7)
11
PF3
Input/Output
QD2A
12
PF2
Input/Output
QD2B
13
PF1
Input/Output
QD1A
CLKC
14
PF0
Input/Output
QD1B
CLKD
15
PC0
Output
TXD
16
PC1
Input
RXD
17
PC2
Output
TXC
18
PC3
Input
RXC
19
PC4
Output
TXB
20
PC5
Input
RXB
21
PC6
Output
TXA
22
PC7
Input
RXA
Serial Port A
(programming port)
23
PG0
Input/Output
TCLKF
Serial Clock F output
24
PG1
Input/Output
RCLKF
Serial Clock F input
25
PG2
Input/Output
TXF
26
PG3
Input/Output
RXF
27
PD4
Input/Output
ATXB
28
PD5
Input/Output
ARXB
29
PD2
Input/Output
TPOUT– *
30
PD3
Input/Output
TPOUT+ *
31
PD6
Input/Output
TPIN– *
32
PD7
Input/Output
TPIN+ *
33
LNK_OUT
Output
34
ACT_OUT
Output
Serial Port D
Header J1
Serial Port C
Serial Port B
Serial Port F
Ethernet transmit port
Ethernet receive port
*
26
Max. current draw 1 mA
(see Note 1)
Pins 29–32 are reserved for future use.
RabbitCore RCM3200
Table 2. RCM3200 Pinout Configurations (continued)
Header J2
Pin
Pin Name
Default Use
Alternate Use
Notes
Reset output from Reset
Generator
1
/RES
Reset output
Reset input
2
PB0
Input/Output
CLKB
3
PB2
Input/Output
IA0
/SWR
External Address 0
Slave port write
4
PB3
Input/Output
IA1
/SRD
External Address 1
Slave port read
5
PB4
Input/Output
IA2
SA0
External Address 2
Slave port Address 0
6
PB5
Input/Output
IA3
SA1
External Address 3
Slave port Address 1
7
PB6
Input/Output
IA4
External Address 4
8
PB7
Input/Output
IA5
/SLAVEATTN
External Address 5
Slave Attention
9
PF4
Input/Output
AQD1B
PWM0
10
PF5
Input/Output
AQD1A
PWM1
11
PF6
Input/Output
AQD2B
PWM2
12
PF7
Input/Output
AQD2A
PWM3
13
PE7
Input/Output
I7
/SCS
14
PE6
Input/Output
I6
15
PE5
Input/Output
I5
INT1B
16
PE4
Input/Output
I4
INT0B
17
PE3
Input/Output
I3
18
PE1
Input/Output
I1
INT1A
I/O Strobe 1
Interrupt 1A
19
PE0
Input/Output
I0
INT0A
I/O Strobe 0
Interrupt 0A
User’s Manual
27
Table 2. RCM3200 Pinout Configurations (continued)
Pin
Pin Name
Default Use
Alternate Use
Notes
20
PG7
Input/Output
RXE
21
PG6
Input/Output
TXE
22
PG5
Input/Output
RCLKE
Serial Clock E input
23
PG4
Input/Output
TCLKE
Serial Clock E ouput
24
/IOWR
Output
External write strobe
25
/IORD
Output
External read strobe
Header J2
Serial Port E
26–27
SMODE0,
SMODE1
(0,0)—start executing at address zero
(0,1)—cold boot from slave port
(1,0)—cold boot from clocked Serial Port A
Also connected to
programming cable
SMODE0 =1, SMODE1 = 1
Cold boot from asynchronous Serial Port A at
2400 bps (programming cable connected)
28
/RESET_IN
Input
Input to Reset Generator
29
VRAM
Output
See Notes below table
30
VBAT_EXT
3 V battery Input
Minimum battery
voltage 2.85 V
31
+3.3V
Input
3.15–3.45 V DC
32
GND
33
n.c.
34
GND
Reserved for future use
Notes
1. When using pins 33–34 on header J1 to drive LEDs, you must use an external buffer to
drive these external LEDs. These pins are not connected on the RCM3220, which does
not have the LEDs installed.
2. The VRAM voltage is temperature-dependent. If the VRAM voltage drops below about
1.2 V to 1.5 V, the contents of the battery-backed SRAM may be lost. If VRAM drops
below 1.0 V, the 32 kHz oscillator could stop running. Pay careful attention to this voltage if you draw any current from this pin.
Locations R45, R46, R53, R57, and R74 allow the population of 0 Ω resistors (jumpers)
that will be used to enable future options. These locations are currently unused.
28
RabbitCore RCM3200
4.1.1 Memory I/O Interface
The Rabbit 3000 address lines (A0–A19) and all the data lines (D0–D7) are routed internally to the onboard flash memory and SRAM chips. I/0 write (/IOWR) and I/0 read
(/IORD) are available for interfacing to external devices.
Parallel Port A can also be used as an external I/O data bus to isolate external I/O from the
main data bus. Parallel Port B pins PB2–PB7 can also be used as an auxiliary address bus.
When using the external I/O bus, you must add the following line at the beginning of your
program.
#define PORTA_AUX_IO
// required to enable external I/O bus
The STATUS output has three different programmable functions:
3. It can be driven low on the first op code fetch cycle.
4. It can be driven low during an interrupt acknowledge cycle.
5. It can also serve as a general-purpose output.
4.1.2 Other Inputs and Outputs
Two status mode pins, SMODE0 and SMODE1, are available as inputs. The logic state of
these two pins determines the startup procedure after a reset.
/RESET_IN is an external input used to reset the Rabbit 3000 microprocessor and the
RCM3200 memory. /RES is an output from the reset circuitry that can be used to reset
other peripheral devices.
4.1.3 5 V Tolerant Inputs
The RCM3200 operates over a voltage from 3.15 V to 3.45 V, but most RCM3200 input
pins, except /RESET_IN, VRAM, VBAT_EXT, and the power-supply pins, are 5 V tolerant. When a 5 V signal is applied to 5 V tolerant pins, they present a high impedance even if
the Rabbit power is off. The 5 V tolerant feature allows 5 V devices that have a suitable
switching threshold to be connected directly to the RCM3200. This includes HCT family
parts operated at 5 V that have an input threshold between 0.8 and 2 V.
NOTE: CMOS devices operated at 5 V that have a threshold at 2.5 V are not suitable for
direct connection because the Rabbit 3000 outputs do not rise above VDD, and is often
specified as 3.3 V. Although a CMOS input with a 2.5 V threshold may switch at 3.3 V,
it will consume excessive current and switch slowly.
In order to translate between 5 V and 3.3 V, HCT family parts powered from 5 V can be
used, and are often the best solution. There is also the “LVT” family of parts that operate
from 2.0 V to 3.3 V, but that have 5 V tolerant inputs and are available from many suppliers. True level-translating parts are available with separate 3.3 V and 5 V supply pins, but
these parts are not usually needed, and have design traps involving power sequencing.
User’s Manual
29
4.2 Serial Communication
The RCM3200 board does not have an RS-232 or an RS-485 transceiver directly on the
board. However, an RS-232 or RS-485 interface may be incorporated on the board the
RCM3200 is mounted on. For example, the Prototyping Board has a standard RS-232
transceiver chip.
4.2.1 Serial Ports
There are six serial ports designated as Serial Ports A, B, C, D, E, and F. All six serial
ports can operate in an asynchronous mode up to the baud rate of the system clock divided
by 8. An asynchronous port can handle 7 or 8 data bits. A 9th bit address scheme, where
an additional bit is sent to mark the first byte of a message, is also supported. Serial Ports
A, B, C, and D can also be operated in the clocked serial mode. In this mode, a clock line
synchronously clocks the data in or out. Either of the two communicating devices can supply the clock. When the Rabbit 3000 provides the clock, the baud rate can be up to 80% of
the system clock frequency divided by 128, or 276,250 bps for a 44.2 MHz clock speed.
Serial Ports E and F can also be configured as SDLC/HDLC serial ports. The IrDA protocol is also supported in SDLC format by these two ports.
Serial Port A is available only on the programming port.
30
RabbitCore RCM3200
4.2.2 Ethernet Port (RCM3200 only)
Figure 8 shows the pinout for the RJ-45 Ethernet port (J4). Note that some Ethernet connectors are numbered in reverse to the order used here.
ETHERNET
1
8
1.
2.
3.
6.
RJ-45 Plug
E_Tx+
E_Tx–
E_Rx+
E_Rx–
RJ-45 Jack
Figure 8. RJ-45 Ethernet Port Pinout
Three LEDs are placed next to the RJ-45 Ethernet
jack, one to indicate an Ethernet link (LNK), one to
indicate Ethernet activity (ACT), and one to indicate
when the RCM3200 is connected to a functioning
100Base-T network (SPD).
The transformer/connector assembly ground is connected to the RCM3200 printed circuit board digital
ground via a ferrite bead, R42, as shown in Figure 9.
RJ-45 Ethernet Jack
R42
Board
Ground
Chassis
Ground
Figure 9. Isolation Resistor R42
The RJ-45 connector is shielded to minimize EMI
effects to/from the Ethernet signals.
User’s Manual
31
4.2.3 Serial Programming Port
The RCM3200 serial programming port is accessed using header J3 or over an Ethernet
connection via the RabbitLink EG2110. The programming port uses the Rabbit 3000’s
Serial Port A for communication. Dynamic C uses the programming port to download and
debug programs.
The programming port is also used for the following operations.
• Cold-boot the Rabbit 3000 on the RCM3200 after a reset.
• Remotely download and debug a program over an Ethernet connection using the
RabbitLink EG2110.
• Fast copy designated portions of flash memory from one Rabbit-based board (the
master) to another (the slave) using the Rabbit Cloning Board.
In addition to Serial Port A, the Rabbit 3000 startup-mode (SMODE0, SMODE1), status,
and reset pins are available on the programming port.
The two startup mode pins determine what happens after a reset—the Rabbit 3000 is
either cold-booted or the program begins executing at address 0x0000.
The status pin is used by Dynamic C to determine whether a Rabbit microprocessor is
present. The status output has three different programmable functions:
1. It can be driven low on the first op code fetch cycle.
2. It can be driven low during an interrupt acknowledge cycle.
3. It can also serve as a general-purpose CMOS output.
The /RESET_IN pin is an external input that is used to reset the Rabbit 3000 and the
RCM3200/RCM3220 onboard peripheral circuits. The serial programming port can be
used to force a hard reset on the RCM3200/RCM3220 by asserting the /RESET_IN signal.
Alternate Uses of the Serial Programming Port
All three clocked Serial Port A signals are available as
• a synchronous serial port
• an asynchronous serial port, with the clock line usable as a general CMOS I/O pin
The programming port may also be used as a serial port once the application is running.
The SMODE pins may then be used as inputs and the status pin may be used as an output.
Refer to the Rabbit 3000 Microprocessor User’s Manual for more information.
32
RabbitCore RCM3200
4.3 Serial Programming Cable
The programming cable is used to connect the serial programming port of the RCM3200
to a PC serial COM port. The programming cable converts the RS-232 voltage levels used
by the PC serial port to the CMOS voltage levels used by the Rabbit 3000.
When the PROG connector on the programming cable is connected to the RCM3200
serial programming port at header J3, programs can be downloaded and debugged over the
serial interface.
The DIAG connector of the programming cable may be used on header J3 of the RCM3200
with the RCM3200 operating in the Run Mode. This allows the programming port to be
used as a regular serial port.
4.3.1 Changing Between Program Mode and Run Mode
The RCM3200 is automatically in Program Mode when the PROG connector on the programming cable is attached, and is automatically in Run Mode when no programming
cable is attached. When the Rabbit 3000 is reset, the operating mode is determined by the
state of the SMODE pins. When the programming cable’s PROG connector is attached,
the SMODE pins are pulled high, placing the Rabbit 3000 in the Program Mode. When the
programming cable’s PROG connector is not attached, the SMODE pins are pulled low,
causing the Rabbit 3000 to operate in the Run Mode.
MOTOR/ENCODER
J6
C11 C10
MASTER
RCM2
RC24
C72
RC22
C64
C67
C62
PA1
PA2
PA3
PB5
PB4
PA4
PA5
PB3
PB2
PA6
PA7
PB0
/RES STATUS
J5
J4
TxB RxB
RESET
GND
S3
C19
GND
BA1
BD0
BD2
BD4
BD6
BD3
BD5
BD7
+5V
C9
U6
C16
DISPLAY BOARD
RC25
RC4
RC5
C14
RC27
U3
U3
RC28
RC29
RC26
To
PC COM port
UX5
R14
RC9
UX7
PG6
PG7
C7
RS-232
+5V
UX4
Programming Cable
RCM2JB
S2
RC7
+5V
J8
BA3
C45
C44
C43
R38
C39
TP1
RC6
R24
C28
C27
C24
C20
C16
C15
C6
RxC TxC
+3.3V
+5V
C32
JP4
JP3
C37
C36
C8
RCM2JA
RESET
R28
JP5
R31
R27
C17
C5
GND
+3.3V
GND
C48
R42
C35
C29
C33
C30
C23
U1
C1
PF3
PA0
PB6
C9
C8
PF2
PF4
C4
PF6
PF5
C18
PF7
PB7
C12
PF1
C4
PC0
PF0
C3
PC2
PC1
PE7
R8
PC4
PC3
PE5
PE6
GND
GND
R1
PC5
PE3
PE4
R7
R9
PE0
PE1
RP1
PG7
U1 C5
PD5
R17
R18
PD4
R19
PG6
R10
R14
PG5
R20
PG0
U4
PG1
R23
PG4
C31
/IOWR
GND
GND
+3.3V
+3.3V
R22
PG2
R29
R37
R39
R40
PD4
PG3
Y3
PD2
PD5
/IORD
R25
PD3
SM1
C42
VRAM
SM0
R35
VBAT
EXT
/RES
IN
U5
PD6
U6
PD7
D1
+3.3V
Q1
GND
GND
UX2
C49
RC2
R41
PD0
C53
PD1
C47
NC
BD1
C61
R9
R11
R13
RC11
GND
R51
R49
R48
RC21
RC10
GND
GND
R72
C75
RC1
R74
R67
R70
C83
C71
R7
UX3
RC12
R21
L2
RC16
L1
DS3
DS2
DS1
RC17
RC13
R12
R6
RC14
RC23
C57
R71
UX9
C68
GND
R75
RC20
R8
R2
RC19
R10
C3
R5
SPD LNK ACT
R4
UX11
C86
RC15
C2
R1
J15
SLAVE
UX10
GND
R3
+3.3V
BA0
PA7
J3
C1
+3.3V
R58
PE4
J4
PA6
/RES
R63 R64
PB2
RN2
J1
C79
Y4
PB0
+DC
BT1
R69
PB3
Battery
BA2
PA5
/RES
LCD
PA4
+5V
PB4
+5V
PA3
PB5
BPE3
PA1
PA2
DS1
DS2
DIAG
PF3
PA0
PB6
+5V
GND
PF1
PF2
PF4
R16
PF0
PF6
PF5
+5V
+5V
PE7
PF7
PB7
GND
C12
U5
PROG
PE6
2.5 MM JACK
D2
U4
C74
PC0
+5V
PC1
R15
PE5
RC18
PC2
PE4
R47
PC3
R44
PE3
J3
PC4
PE1
C59
PD5
PC5
U8
PG0
PD4
PE0
J11
D1
C13
R20
R17
R73
PG2
PG1
PG6
CURRENT
MEASUREMENT
OPTION
PG3
PG4
PG7
JP1
/IORD
PG5
C17
RCM3000 ETHERNET CORE MODULE
RN4
SM0
/IOWR
L1
DS3
PD4
+3.3V
POWER
PD2
PD5
RN5
C15
PD3
SM1
RCM1JB
GND
POWER
VRAM
RCM1JA
J9
PD6
+DC
PD7
GND
PD0
+3.3V
GND
PD1
GND
VBAT
EXT
/RES
IN
RN3
NC
+5V
+3.3V
RN1
GND
RCM30/31/32XX SERIES
PROTOTYPING BOARD
J10
Colored edge
DISPLAY BOARD
UX13
J7
DISPLAY BOARD
RESET RCM3200 when changing mode:
Short out pins 28–32 on header J2, OR
Press RESET button (if using Prototyping Board), OR
Cycle power off/on
after removing or attaching programming cable.
Figure 10. Switching Between Program Mode and Run Mode
User’s Manual
33
A program “runs” in either mode, but can only be downloaded and debugged when the
RCM3200 is in the Program Mode.
Refer to the Rabbit 3000 Microprocessor User’s Manual for more information on the programming port.
4.3.2 Standalone Operation of the RCM3200
The RCM3200 must be programmed via the Prototyping Board or via a similar arrangement on a customer-supplied board. Once the RCM3200 has been programmed successfully, remove the serial programming cable from the programming connector and reset the
RCM3200. The RCM3200 may be reset by cycling the power off/on or by pressing the
RESET button on the Prototyping Board. The RCM3200 module may now be removed
from the Prototyping Board for end-use installation.
CAUTION: Disconnect power to the Prototyping Board or other boards when removing
or installing your RCM3200 module to protect against inadvertent shorts across the
pins or damage to the RCM3200 if the pins are not plugged in correctly. Do not reapply
power until you have verified that the RCM3200 module is plugged in correctly.
34
RabbitCore RCM3200
4.4 Other Hardware
4.4.1 Clock Doubler
The RCM3200 takes advantage of the Rabbit 3000 microprocessor’s internal clock doubler.
A built-in clock doubler allows half-frequency crystals to be used to reduce radiated emissions. The 44.2 MHz frequency specified for the RCM3200 and the RCM3220 is generated using a 22.12 MHz resonator.
The clock doubler may be disabled if 44.2 MHz clock speeds are not required. Disabling
the Rabbit 3000 microprocessor’s internal clock doubler will reduce power consumption
and further reduce radiated emissions. The clock doubler is disabled with a simple configuration macro as shown below.
1. Select the “Defines” tab from the Dynamic C Options > Project Options menu.
2. Add the line CLOCK_DOUBLED=0 to always disable the clock doubler.
The clock doubler is enabled by default, and usually no entry is needed. If you need to
specify that the clock doubler is always enabled, add the line CLOCK_DOUBLED=1 to
always enable the clock doubler.
3. Click OK to save the macro. The clock doubler will now remain off whenever you are
in the project file where you defined the macro.
4.4.2 Spectrum Spreader
The Rabbit 3000 features a spectrum spreader, which helps to mitigate EMI problems. By
default, the spectrum spreader is on automatically, but it may also be turned off or set to a
stronger setting. The means for doing so is through a simple configuration macro as shown
below.
1. Select the “Defines” tab from the Dynamic C Options > Project Options menu.
2. Normal spreading is the default, and usually no entry is needed. If you need to specify
normal spreading, add the line
ENABLE_SPREADER=1
For strong spreading, add the line
ENABLE_SPREADER=2
To disable the spectrum spreader, add the line
ENABLE_SPREADER=0
NOTE: The strong spectrum-spreading setting is unnecessary for the RCM3200.
3. Click OK to save the macro. The spectrum spreader will now be set to the state specified
by the macro value whenever you are in the project file where you defined the macro.
NOTE: Refer to the Rabbit 3000 Microprocessor User’s Manual for more information
on the spectrum-spreading setting and the maximum clock speed.
User’s Manual
35
4.5 Memory
4.5.1 SRAM
The RCM3200 and the RCM3220 have 512K of program execution SRAM installed at U8.
The RCM3200 and RCM3220 data SRAM installed at U6 is 256K, and the RCM3210 has
128K data SRAM installed at U6..
4.5.2 Flash EPROM
The RCM3200 is also designed to accept 256K to 512K of flash EPROM at U7.
NOTE: Rabbit recommends that any customer applications should not be constrained by
the sector size of the flash EPROM since it may be necessary to change the sector size
in the future.
Writing to arbitrary flash memory addresses at run time is also discouraged. Instead,
define a “user block” area to store persistent data. The functions writeUserBlock()
and readUserBlock() are provided for this. Refer to the Rabbit 3000 Microprocessor
Designer’s Handbook and the Dynamic C Function Reference Manual for additional information.
A Flash Memory Bank Select jumper configuration option based on 0 Ω surface-mounted
resistors exists at header JP4 on the RCM3200 RabbitCore modules. This option, used in
conjunction with some configuration macros, allows Dynamic C to compile two different
co-resident programs for the upper and lower halves of a 256K flash in such a way that both
programs start at logical address 0000. This option is not relevant to the RCM3200 RabbitCore modules, which use 512K flash memories.
4.5.3 Dynamic C BIOS Source Files
The Dynamic C BIOS source files handle different standard RAM and flash EPROM sizes
automatically.
36
RabbitCore RCM3200
5. SOFTWARE REFERENCE
Dynamic C is an integrated development system for writing
embedded software. It runs on an IBM-compatible PC and is
designed for use with Rabbit controllers and other controllers
based on the Rabbit microprocessor. Chapter 4 provides the
libraries and function calls related to the RCM3200.
5.1 More About Dynamic C
Dynamic C has been in use worldwide since 1989. It is specially designed for programming embedded systems, and features quick compile and interactive debugging in the real
environment. A complete reference guide to Dynamic C is contained in the Dynamic C
User’s Manual.
You have a choice of doing your software development in the flash memory or in the data
SRAM included on the RCM3200. The flash memory and SRAM options are selected
with the Options > Project Options > Compiler menu.
The advantage of working in RAM is to save wear on the flash memory, which is limited
to about 100,000 write cycles. The disadvantage is that the code and data might not both
fit in RAM.
NOTE: An application should be run from the program execution SRAM after the programming cable is disconnected. Your final code must always be stored in flash memory
for reliable operation. For RCM3200 modules running at 44.2 MHz, which have a fast
program execution SRAM that is not battery-backed, you should select Code and
BIOS in Flash, Run in RAM from the Dynamic C Options > Project Options >
Compiler menu to store the code in flash and copy it to the fast program execution
SRAM at run-time to take advantage of the faster clock speed. This option optimizes
the performance of RCM3200 modules running at 44.2 MHz.
NOTE: Do not depend on the flash memory sector size or type. Due to the volatility of
the flash memory market, the RCM3200 and Dynamic C were designed to accommodate flash devices with various sector sizes.
Developing software with Dynamic C is simple. Users can write, compile, and test C and
assembly code without leaving the Dynamic C development environment. Debugging
occurs while the application runs on the target. Alternatively, users can compile a program
to an image file for later loading. Dynamic C runs on PCs under Windows 2000 and
later—see Rabbit’s Technical Note TN257, Running Dynamic C® With Windows Vista®,
User’s Manual
37
for additional information if you are using a Dynamic C release prior to v. 9.60 under
Windows Vista. Programs can be downloaded at baud rates of up to 460,800 bps after the
program compiles.
Dynamic C has a number of standard features.
• Full-feature source and/or assembly-level debugger, no in-circuit emulator required.
• Royalty-free TCP/IP stack with source code and most common protocols.
• Hundreds of functions in source-code libraries and sample programs:
X Exceptionally fast support for floating-point arithmetic and transcendental functions.
X RS-232 and RS-485 serial communication.
X Analog and digital I/O drivers.
X I2C, SPI, GPS, file system.
X LCD display and keypad drivers.
• Powerful language extensions for cooperative or preemptive multitasking
• Loader utility program to load binary images into Rabbit targets in the absence of
Dynamic C.
• Provision for customers to create their own source code libraries and augment on-line
help by creating “function description” block comments using a special format for
library functions.
• Standard debugging features:
X Breakpoints—Set breakpoints that can disable interrupts.
X Single-stepping—Step into or over functions at a source or machine code level, µC/OS-II aware.
X Code disassembly—The disassembly window displays addresses, opcodes, mnemonics, and
machine cycle times. Switch between debugging at machine-code level and source-code level by
simply opening or closing the disassembly window.
X Watch expressions—Watch expressions are compiled when defined, so complex expressions
including function calls may be placed into watch expressions. Watch expressions can be updated
with or without stopping program execution.
X Register window—All processor registers and flags are displayed. The contents of general registers
may be modified in the window by the user.
X Stack window—shows the contents of the top of the stack.
X Hex memory dump—displays the contents of memory at any address.
X STDIO window—printf outputs to this window and keyboard input on the host PC can be
detected for debugging purposes. printf output may also be sent to a serial port or file.
38
RabbitCore RCM3200
5.2 Dynamic C Function Calls
5.2.1 Digital I/O
The RCM3200 was designed to interface with other systems, and so there are no drivers
written specifically for the I/O. The general Dynamic C read and write functions allow
you to customize the parallel I/O to meet your specific needs. For example, use
WrPortI(PEDDR, &PEDDRShadow, 0x00);
to set all the Port E bits as inputs, or use
WrPortI(PEDDR, &PEDDRShadow, 0xFF);
to set all the Port E bits as outputs.
When using the external I/O bus on the Rabbit 3000 chip, add the line
#define PORTA_AUX_IO
// required to enable external I/O bus
to the beginning of any programs using the external I/O bus.
The sample programs in the Dynamic C SAMPLES/RCM3200 directory provide further
examples.
5.2.2 SRAM Use
The RCM3200 has a battery-backed data SRAM and a program-execution SRAM.
Dynamic C provides the protected keyword to identify variables that are to be placed
into the battery-backed SRAM. The compiler generates code that creates a backup copy of
a protected variable before the variable is modified. If the system resets while the protected
variable is being modified, the variable's value can be restored when the system restarts.
The sample code below shows how a protected variable is defined and how its value can
be restored.
protected nf_device nandFlash;
int main() {
...
_sysIsSoftReset();
// restore any protected variables
The bbram keyword may also be used instead if there is a need to store a variable in battery-backed SRAM without affecting the performance of the application program. Data
integrity is not assured when a reset or power failure occurs during the update process.
Additional information on bbram and protected variables is available in the Dynamic C
User’s Manual.
User’s Manual
39
5.2.3 Serial Communication Drivers
Library files included with Dynamic C provide a full range of serial communications support. The RS232.LIB library provides a set of circular-buffer-based serial functions. The
PACKET.LIB library provides packet-based serial functions where packets can be delimited by the 9th bit, by transmission gaps, or with user-defined special characters. Both
libraries provide blocking functions, which do not return until they are finished transmitting or receiving, and nonblocking functions, which must be called repeatedly until they
are finished. For more information, see the Dynamic C Function Reference Manual and
Technical Note 213, Rabbit 2000 Serial Port Software.
5.2.4 TCP/IP Drivers
The TCP/IP drivers are located in the TCPIP directory.
Complete information on these libraries and the TCP/IP functions is provided in the
Dynamic C TCP/IP User’s Manual.
5.2.5 Prototyping Board Function Calls
The functions described in this section are for use with the Prototyping Board features.
The source code is in the RCM32xx.LIB library in the Dynamic C SAMPLES\RCM3200
folder if you need to modify it for your own board design.
Other generic functions applicable to all devices based on Rabbit microprocessors are
described in the Dynamic C Function Reference Manual.
40
RabbitCore RCM3200
5.2.5.1 Board Initialization
void brdInit (void);
Call this function at the beginning of your program. This function initializes Parallel Ports A through G
for use with the RCM3200 Prototyping Board.
Summary of Initialization
1. I/O port pins are configured for Prototyping Board operation.
2. Unused configurable I/O are set as high outputs.
3. Only one RabbitCore module is plugged in, and is in the MASTER position on the Prototyping
Board.
3. The LCD/keypad module is disabled.
4. RS-485 is not enabled.
5. RS-232 is not enabled.
6. The IrDA transceiver is disabled.
7. LEDs are off.
RETURN VALUE
None.
User’s Manual
41
5.3 Upgrading Dynamic C
Dynamic C patches that focus on bug fixes are available from time to time. Check the Web
site www.rabbit.com/support/ for the latest patches, workarounds, and bug fixes.
The default installation of a patch or bug fix is to install the file in a directory (folder) different from that of the original Dynamic C installation. Rabbit recommends using a different directory so that you can verify the operation of the patch without overwriting the
existing Dynamic C installation. If you have made any changes to the BIOS or to libraries,
or if you have programs in the old directory (folder), make these same changes to the
BIOS or libraries in the new directory containing the patch. Do not simply copy over an
entire file since you may overwrite a bug fix; of course, you may copy over any programs
you have written.
5.3.1 Extras
Dynamic C installations are designed for use with the board they are included with, and
are included at no charge as part of our low-cost kits.
Starting with Dynamic C version 9.60, Dynamic C includes the popular µC/OS-II realtime operating system, point-to-point protocol (PPP), FAT file system, RabbitWeb, and
other select libraries. Rabbit also offers for purchase the Rabbit Embedded Security Pack
featuring the Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) and a specific Advanced Encryption Standard
(AES) library.
In addition to the Web-based technical support included at no extra charge, a one-year
telephone-based technical support subscription is also available for purchase.
Visit our Web site at www.rabbit.com for further information and complete documentation.
42
RabbitCore RCM3200
6. USING THE TCP/IP FEATURES
6.1 TCP/IP Connections
Programming and development can be done with the RCM3200 RabbitCore modules
without connecting the Ethernet port to a network. However, if you will be running the
sample programs that use the Ethernet capability or will be doing Ethernet-enabled development, you should connect the RCM3200 module’s Ethernet port at this time.
Before proceeding you will need to have the following items.
• If you don’t have Ethernet access, you will need at least a 10Base-T Ethernet card
(available from your favorite computer supplier) installed in a PC.
• Two RJ-45 straight through Ethernet cables and a hub, or an RJ-45 crossover Ethernet
cable.
The Ethernet cables and a 10Base-T Ethernet hub are available from Rabbit in a TCP/IP
tool kit. More information is available at www.rabbit.com.
NOTE: Although 10Base-T is the minimum required, 10/100Base-T or 100Base-T is
recommended to allow you to work with the full speed capabilities of the RCM3200.
1. Connect the AC adapter and the programming cable as shown in Section 2.2.2, “Step 2
— Connect Programming Cable.”
2. Ethernet Connections
There are four options for connecting the RCM3200 module to a network for development and runtime purposes. The first two options permit total freedom of action in
selecting network addresses and use of the “network,” as no action can interfere with
other users. We recommend one of these options for initial development.
• No LAN — The simplest alternative for desktop development. Connect the
RCM3200’s Ethernet port directly to the PC’s network interface card using an RJ-45
crossover cable. A crossover cable is a special cable that flips some connections
between the two connectors and permits direct connection of two client systems. A
standard RJ-45 network cable will not work for this purpose.
• Micro-LAN — Another simple alternative for desktop development. Use a small Ethernet 10Base-T hub and connect both the PC’s network interface card and the
RCM3200’s Ethernet port to it, using standard network cables.
User’s Manual
43
The following options require more care in address selection and testing actions, as
conflicts with other users, servers and systems can occur:
• LAN — Connect the RCM3200’s Ethernet port to an existing LAN, preferably one to
which the development PC is already connected. You will need to obtain IP addressing
information from your network administrator.
• WAN — The RCM3200 is capable of direct connection to the Internet and other Wide
Area Networks, but exceptional care should be used with IP address settings and all
network-related programming and development. We recommend that development and
debugging be done on a local network before connecting a RabbitCore system to the
Internet.
TIP: Checking and debugging the initial setup on a micro-LAN is recommended before
connecting the system to a LAN or WAN.
The PC running Dynamic C through the serial port on the RCM3200 does not need to
be the PC with the Ethernet card.
3. Apply Power
Plug in the AC adapter. The RCM3200 module is now ready to be used.
44
RabbitCore RCM3200
6.2 TCP/IP Primer on IP Addresses
Obtaining IP addresses to interact over an existing, operating, network can involve a number of complications, and must usually be done with cooperation from your ISP and/or
network systems administrator. For this reason, it is suggested that the user begin instead
by using a direct connection between a PC and the RCM3200 board using an Ethernet
crossover cable or a simple arrangement with a hub. (A crossover cable should not be confused with regular straight through cables.)
In order to set up this direct connection, the user will have to use a PC without networking,
or disconnect a PC from the corporate network, or install a second Ethernet adapter and set
up a separate private network attached to the second Ethernet adapter. Disconnecting your
PC from the corporate network may be easy or nearly impossible, depending on how it is
set up. If your PC boots from the network or is dependent on the network for some or all
of its disks, then it probably should not be disconnected. If a second Ethernet adapter is
used, be aware that Windows TCP/IP will send messages to one adapter or the other,
depending on the IP address and the binding order in Microsoft products. Thus you should
have different ranges of IP addresses on your private network from those used on the corporate network. If both networks service the same IP address, then Windows may send a
packet intended for your private network to the corporate network. A similar situation will
take place if you use a dial-up line to send a packet to the Internet. Windows may try to
send it via the local Ethernet network if it is also valid for that network.
The following IP addresses are set aside for local networks and are not allowed on the
Internet: 10.0.0.0 to 10.255.255.255, 172.16.0.0 to 172.31.255.255, and 192.168.0.0 to
192.168.255.255.
The RCM3200 board uses a 10/100Base-T type of Ethernet connection, which is the most
common scheme. The RJ-45 connectors are similar to U.S. style telephone connectors, are
except larger and have 8 contacts.
An alternative to the direct connection using a crossover cable is a direct connection using
a hub. The hub relays packets received on any port to all of the ports on the hub. Hubs are
low in cost and are readily available. The RCM3200 board uses 10 Mbps or 100 Mbps
Ethernet, so the hub or Ethernet adapter must be either a 10 Mbps unit or a 10/100 unit that
adapts to either 10 or 100 Mbps.
In a corporate setting where the Internet is brought in via a high-speed line, there are typically machines between the outside Internet and the internal network. These machines
include a combination of proxy servers and firewalls that filter and multiplex Internet traffic. In the configuration below, the RCM3200 board could be given a fixed address so any
of the computers on the local network would be able to contact it. It may be possible to
configure the firewall or proxy server to allow hosts on the Internet to directly contact the
controller, but it would probably be easier to place the controller directly on the external
network outside of the firewall. This avoids some of the configuration complications by
sacrificing some security.
User’s Manual
45
Hub(s)
T1 in
Adapter
Ethernet
Firewall
Proxy
Server
Network
Ethernet
Typical Corporate Network
RCM3200
Board
If your system administrator can give you an Ethernet cable along with its IP address, the
netmask and the gateway address, then you may be able to run the sample programs without having to setup a direct connection between your computer and the RCM3200 board.
You will also need the IP address of the nameserver, the name or IP address of your mail
server, and your domain name for some of the sample programs.
46
RabbitCore RCM3200
6.2.1 IP Addresses Explained
IP (Internet Protocol) addresses are expressed as 4 decimal numbers separated by periods,
for example:
216.103.126.155
10.1.1.6
Each decimal number must be between 0 and 255. The total IP address is a 32-bit number
consisting of the 4 bytes expressed as shown above. A local network uses a group of adjacent IP addresses. There are always 2N IP addresses in a local network. The netmask (also
called subnet mask) determines how many IP addresses belong to the local network. The
netmask is also a 32-bit address expressed in the same form as the IP address. An example
netmask is:
255.255.255.0
This netmask has 8 zero bits in the least significant portion, and this means that 28
addresses are a part of the local network. Applied to the IP address above
(216.103.126.155), this netmask would indicate that the following IP addresses belong to
the local network:
216.103.126.0
216.103.126.1
216.103.126.2
etc.
216.103.126.254
216.103.126.255
The lowest and highest address are reserved for special purposes. The lowest address
(216.102.126.0) is used to identify the local network. The highest address
(216.102.126.255) is used as a broadcast address. Usually one other address is used for the
address of the gateway out of the network. This leaves 256 - 3 = 253 available IP
addresses for the example given.
User’s Manual
47
6.2.2 How IP Addresses are Used
The actual hardware connection via an Ethernet uses Ethernet adapter addresses (also
called MAC addresses). These are 48-bit addresses and are unique for every Ethernet
adapter manufactured. In order to send a packet to another computer, given the IP address
of the other computer, it is first determined if the packet needs to be sent directly to the
other computer or to the gateway. In either case, there is an IP address on the local network to which the packet must be sent. A table is maintained to allow the protocol driver
to determine the MAC address corresponding to a particular IP address. If the table is
empty, the MAC address is determined by sending an Ethernet broadcast packet to all
devices on the local network asking the device with the desired IP address to answer with
its MAC address. In this way, the table entry can be filled in. If no device answers, then
the device is nonexistent or inoperative, and the packet cannot be sent.
IP addresses are arbitrary and can be allocated as desired provided that they don’t conflict
with other IP addresses. However, if they are to be used with the Internet, then they must
be numbers that are assigned to your connection by proper authorities, generally by delegation via your service provider.
Each RCM3200 RabbitCore module has its own unique MAC address, which consists of
the prefix 0090C2 followed by the code that appears on the label affixed to the RCM3200
module. For example, a MAC address might be 0090C2C002C0.
TIP: You can always verify the MAC address on your board by running the sample program DISPLAY_MAC.C from the SAMPLES\TCPIP folder.
48
RabbitCore RCM3200
6.2.3 Dynamically Assigned Internet Addresses
In many instances, there are no fixed IP addresses. This is the case when, for example, you
are assigned an IP address dynamically by your dial-up Internet service provider (ISP) or
when you have a device that provides your IP addresses using the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP). The RCM3200 RabbitCore modules can use such IP addresses to
send and receive packets on the Internet, but you must take into account that this IP
address may only be valid for the duration of the call or for a period of time, and could be
a private IP address that is not directly accessible to others on the Internet. These private
address can be used to perform some Internet tasks such as sending e-mail or browsing the
Web, but usually cannot be used to participate in conversations that originate elsewhere on
the Internet. If you want to find out this dynamically assigned IP address, under Windows
XP you can run the ipconfig program while you are connected and look at the interface
used to connect to the Internet.
Many networks use private IP addresses that are assigned using DHCP. When your computer comes up, and periodically after that, it requests its networking information from a
DHCP server. The DHCP server may try to give you the same address each time, but a
fixed IP address is usually not guaranteed.
If you are not concerned about accessing the RCM3200 from the Internet, you can place
the RCM3200 on the internal network using a private address assigned either statically or
through DHCP.
User’s Manual
49
6.3 Placing Your Device on the Network
In many corporate settings, users are isolated from the Internet by a firewall and/or a
proxy server. These devices attempt to secure the company from unauthorized network
traffic, and usually work by disallowing traffic that did not originate from inside the network. If you want users on the Internet to communicate with your RCM3200, you have
several options. You can either place the RCM3200 directly on the Internet with a real
Internet address or place it behind the firewall. If you place the RCM3200 behind the firewall, you need to configure the firewall to translate and forward packets from the Internet
to the RCM3200.
50
RabbitCore RCM3200
6.4 Running TCP/IP Sample Programs
We have provided a number of sample programs demonstrating various uses of TCP/IP for
networking embedded systems. These programs require you to connect your PC and the
RCM3200 board together on the same network. This network can be a local private network (preferred for initial experimentation and debugging), or a connection via the Internet.
RCM3200
Board
User’s PC
Ethernet
crossover
cable
Direct Connection
(network of 2 computers)
User’s Manual
RCM3200
Board
Ethernet
cables
Hub
To additional
network
elements
Direct Connection Using a Hub
51
6.4.1 How to Set IP Addresses in the Sample Programs
With the introduction of Dynamic C 7.30 we have taken steps to make it easier to run
many of our sample programs. Instead of the MY_IP_ADDRESS and other macros, you will
see a TCPCONFIG macro. This macro tells Dynamic C to select your configuration from a
list of default configurations. You will have three choices when you encounter a sample
program with the TCPCONFIG macro.
1. You can replace the TCPCONFIG macro with individual MY_IP_ADDRESS,
MY_NETMASK, MY_GATEWAY, and MY_NAMESERVER macros in each program.
2. You can leave TCPCONFIG at the usual default of 1, which will set the IP configurations
to 10.10.6.100, the netmask to 255.255.255.0, and the nameserver and gateway
to 10.10.6.1. If you would like to change the default values, for example, to use an IP
address of 10.1.1.2 for the RCM3200 board, and 10.1.1.1 for your PC, you can edit
the values in the section that directly follows the “General Configuration” comment in
the TCP_CONFIG.LIB library. You will find this library in the LIB/TCPIP directory.
3. You can create a CUSTOM_CONFIG.LIB library and use a TCPCONFIG value greater
than 100. Instructions for doing this are at the beginning of the TCP_CONFIG.LIB file.
There are some other “standard” configurations for TCPCONFIG that let you select different features such as DHCP. Their values are documented at the top of the
TCP_CONFIG.LIB library. More information is available in the Dynamic C TCP/IP
User’s Manual.
IP Addresses Before Dynamic C 7.30
Most of the sample programs such as shown in the example below use macros to define the
IP address assigned to the board and the IP address of the gateway, if there is a gateway.
#define
#define
#define
#define
MY_IP_ADDRESS "10.10.6.170"
MY_NETMASK "255.255.255.0"
MY_GATEWAY "10.10.6.1"
MY_NAMESERVER "10.10.6.1"
In order to do a direct connection, the following IP addresses can be used for the RCM3200:
#define MY_IP_ADDRESS "10.1.1.2"
#define MY_NETMASK "255.255.255.0"
// #define MY_GATEWAY "10.10.6.1"
// #define MY_NAMESERVER "10.10.6.1"
In this case, the gateway and nameserver are not used, and are commented out. The IP
address of the board is defined to be 10.1.1.2. The IP address of your PC can be defined
as 10.1.1.1.
52
RabbitCore RCM3200
6.4.2 How to Set Up your Computer’s IP Address for Direct Connect
When your computer is connected directly to the RCM3200 board via an Ethernet connection, you need to assign an IP address to your computer. To assign the PC the address
10.10.6.101 with the netmask 255.255.255.0, do the following.
Click on Start > Settings > Control Panel to bring up the Control Panel, and then double-click the Network icon. Depending on which version of Windows you are using, look
for the TCP/IP Protocol/Network > Dial-Up Connections/Network line or tab. Doubleclick on this line or select Properties or Local Area Connection > Properties to bring
up the TCP/IP properties dialog box. You can edit the IP address and the subnet mask
directly. (Disable “obtain an IP address automatically.”) You may want to write down the
existing values in case you have to restore them later. It is not necessary to edit the gateway address since the gateway is not used with direct connect.
RCM3200
Board
IP 10.10.6.101
Netmask
255.255.255.0
User’s PC
Ethernet
crossover
cable
Direct Connection PC to RCM3200 Board
6.4.3 Dynamic C Compiler Settings
If you are using an RCM3200 or RCM3220, remember to allow the compiler to run the
application in the program execution SRAM by selecting Code and BIOS in Flash, Run
in RAM from the Dynamic C Options > Project Options > Compiler menu.
User’s Manual
53
6.5 Run the PINGME.C Sample Program
Connect the crossover cable from your computer’s Ethernet port to the RCM3200 board’s
RJ-45 Ethernet connector. Open this sample program from the SAMPLES\TCPIP\ICMP
folder, compile the program, and start it running under Dynamic C. When the program
starts running, the green LNK light on the RCM3200 board should be on to indicate an
Ethernet connection is made. (Note: If the LNK light does not light, you may not have a
crossover cable, or if you are using a hub perhaps the power is off on the hub.)
The next step is to ping the board from your PC. This can be done by bringing up the MSDOS window and running the pingme program:
ping 10.10.6.100
or by Start > Run
and typing the entry
ping 10.10.6.100
Notice that the red ACT light flashes on the RCM3200 board while the ping is taking
place, and indicates the transfer of data. The ping routine will ping the board four times
and write a summary message on the screen describing the operation.
6.6 Running More Sample Programs With Direct Connect
The sample programs discussed here are in the Dynamic C SAMPLES\RCM3200\TCPIP\
folder.
• BROWSELED.C—This program demonstrates a basic controller running a Web page.
Two “LEDs” are created on the Web page, and two buttons on the Prototyping Board
then toggle them. Users can change the status of the lights from the Web browser. The
LEDs on the Prototyping Board match the ones on the Web page. As long as you have
not modified the TCPCONFIG 1 macro in the sample program, enter the following server
address in your Web browser to bring up the Web page served by the sample program.
http://10.10.6.100.
Otherwise use the TCP/IP settings you entered in the TCP_CONFIG.LIB library.
• ECHOCLIENT.C—This program demonstrates a basic client that will send a packet and
wait for the connected server to echo it back. After every number of sends and receives,
transfer times are shown in the STDIO window.
Use ECHO_SERVER.C to program a server controller.
• ECHOSERVER.C—This program demonstrates a basic server that will echo back any
data sent from a connected client.
Use ECHO_CLIENT.C to program a client controller.
• ENET_AD.C—This program demonstrates Ethernet communication between two
single-board computers. The program sends an A/D voltage value to the second singleboard computer via Ethernet for display.
Use ENET_MENU.C to program the other single-board computer.
54
RabbitCore RCM3200
• ENET_MENU.C—This program demonstrates how to implement a menu system using a
highlight bar on a graphic LCD display and to communicate it to another single-board
computer via Ethernet.
Use ENET_AD.C to program the other single-board computer with analog inputs and
outputs.
• MBOXDEMO.C—Implements a Web server that allows e-mail messages to be entered
and then shown on the LCD/keypad module.
• SMTP.C—This program allows you to send an E-mail when a switch on the Prototyping Board is pressed. Follow the instructions included with the sample program.
• PINGLED.C—This program demonstrates ICMP by pinging a remote host. It will flash
LEDs DS1 and DS2 on the Prototyping Board when a ping is sent and received.
6.7 Where Do I Go From Here?
NOTE: If you purchased your RCM3200 through a distributor or through a Rabbit
partner, contact the distributor or partner first for technical support.
If there are any problems at this point:
• Use the Dynamic C Help menu to get further assistance with Dynamic C.
• Check the Rabbit Technical Bulletin Board and forums at www.rabbit.com/support/bb/
and at www.rabbit.com/forums/.
• Use the Technical Support e-mail form at www.rabbit.com/support/.
If the sample programs ran fine, you are now ready to go on.
Additional sample programs are described in the Dynamic C TCP/IP User’s Manual.
Please refer to the Dynamic C TCP/IP User’s Manual to develop your own applications.
An Introduction to TCP/IP provides background information on TCP/IP, and is available
on the CD and on our Web site.
User’s Manual
55
56
RabbitCore RCM3200
APPENDIX A. RCM3200 SPECIFICATIONS
Appendix A provides the specifications for the RCM3200, and
describes the conformal coating.
User’s Manual
57
A.1 Electrical and Mechanical Characteristics
Figure A-1 shows the mechanical dimensions for the RCM3200.
1.850
(47.0)
1.375
(34.9)
R8
C18
C30
C33
C35
Y3
R27
R29
R37
R39
C42
C45
C44
C43
R38
(69.2)
R31
R35
2.725
C37
C36
JP5
R28
C39
R25
U5
U6
R40
Q1
R41
R42
C48
C49
L1
C62
L2
C68
R58
C64
C67
R74
C83
R72
R73
DS1
R71
R75
C86
DS2
DS3
GND
0.829
1.021
(21.1)
0.106
(2.7)
(6.2)
(2.2)
(22)
(6.2)
0.245
(2.2)
J1
(1.6)
(47.0)
0.087
1.850
0.063
J2
0.86
(14)
0.55
(69.2)
0.245
2.725
0.087
(1.6)
0.063
(22)
0.86
(14)
0.55
(25.9)
(11.9)
J4
SPD LNK ACT
C79
Y4
R67
R70
R69
0.47
R63 R64
C75
C74
C72
C71
(33.5)
C57
C61
C59
R51
R49
R48
R47
R44
U8
(17.5)
C53
0.690
C47
RP1
C23
C29
C28
C27
JP3
D1
JP4
C31
Please refer to the RCM3200
footprint diagram later in this
appendix for precise header
locations.
C12
C17
C24
C20
C19
U4
C32
(2.5)
R24
0.100 dia
R20
R23
C16
C15
R19
R22
C4
U1 C5
R17
R18
J3
C9
C8
C1
C3
R10
R14
1.320
R1
R7
R9
Figure A-1. RCM3200 Dimensions
NOTE: All measurements are in inches followed by millimeters enclosed in parentheses.
All dimensions have a manufacturing tolerance of ±0.01" (0.25 mm).
58
RabbitCore RCM3200
It is recommended that you allow for an “exclusion zone” of 0.04" (1 mm) around the
RCM3200 in all directions (except above the RJ-45 plug) when the RCM3200 is incorporated into an assembly that includes other printed circuit boards. This “exclusion zone”
that you keep free of other components and boards will allow for sufficient air flow, and
will help to minimize any electrical or electromagnetic interference between adjacent
boards. An “exclusion zone” of 0.08" (2 mm) is recommended below the RCM3200
when the RCM3200 is plugged into another assembly using the shortest connectors for
headers J1 and J2. Figure A-2 shows this “exclusion zone.”
2.81
(2)
0.08
0.6
(16)
(71.2)
2.725
(69.2)
1.93
(49.0)
(2)
0.08
0.6
(16)
Exclusion
Zone
J2
1.850
J1
(47.0)
Figure A-2. RCM3200 “Exclusion Zone”
User’s Manual
59
Table A-1 lists the electrical, mechanical, and environmental specifications for the RCM3200.
Table A-1. RabbitCore RCM3200 Specifications
Feature
Microprocessor
RCM3200
RCM3210*
RCM3220
Rabbit 3000® at
44.2 MHz
Rabbit 3000® at
29.5 MHz
Rabbit 3000® at
44.2 MHz
EMI Reduction
Spectrum spreader for reduced EMI (radiated emissions)
Ethernet Port
10/100Base-T, RJ-45, 3 LEDs
—
Flash Memory
512K
256K
512K
Data SRAM
256K
128K
256K
Program Execution SRAM
512K
—
512K
Backup Battery
Connection for user-supplied backup battery
(to support RTC and data SRAM)
General-Purpose I/O
52 parallel digital I/0 lines:
• 44 configurable I/O
• 4 fixed inputs
• 4 fixed outputs
Additional Inputs
Startup mode (2), reset in
Additional Outputs
External I/O Bus
Status, reset out
Can be configured for 8 data lines and
6 address lines (shared with parallel I/O lines), plus I/O read/write
6 shared high-speed, CMOS-compatible ports:
• all 6 configurable as asynchronous (with IrDA), 4 as clocked serial (SPI),
Serial Ports
and 2 as SDLC/HDLC (with IrDA)
• 1 asynchronous serial port dedicated for programming
• support for MIR/SIR IrDA transceiver
Serial Rate
Slave Interface
Real-Time Clock
Timers
Watchdog/Supervisor
Pulse-Width Modulators
Maximum asynchronous baud rate = CLK/8
A slave port allows the RCM3200 to be used as an intelligent peripheral
device slaved to a master processor, which may either be another Rabbit
3000 or any other type of processor
Yes
Ten 8-bit timers (6 cascadable), one 10-bit timer with 2 match registers
Yes
10-bit free-running counter and four pulse-width registers
Input Capture
2- channel input capture can be used to time input signals from various port
pins
Quadrature Decoder
2-channel quadrature decoder accepts inputs from external incremental
encoder modules
60
RabbitCore RCM3200
Table A-1. RabbitCore RCM3200 Specifications (continued)
Feature
Power
Operating Temperature
Humidity
RCM3200
RCM3210*
RCM3220
3.15 V to 3.45 V DC
255 mA @ 3.3 V
-40°C to +70°C (boards manufactured up to May, 2008)
0°C to +70°C (boards manufactured after May, 2008)
5% to 95%, noncondensing
Connectors
Two 2 × 17, 2 mm pitch
Board Size
1.850" × 2.725" × 0.86"
(47 mm × 69 mm × 22 mm)
* The RCM3210 was discontinued in July, 2004, and is no longer offered.
A.1.1 Headers
The RCM3200 uses headers at J1 and J2 for physical connection to other boards. J1 and J2
are 2 × 17 SMT headers with a 2 mm pin spacing. J3, the programming port, is a 2 × 5
header with a 1.27 mm pin spacing.
Figure A-3 shows the layout of another board for the RCM3200 to be plugged into. These
values are relative to the mounting hole.
User’s Manual
61
A.1.2 Physical Mounting
(2.0)
0.079
(26.5)
1.131
(30.4)
1.198
(28.7)
1.043
(24.2)
0.953
(28.9)
1.136
(8.0)
0.314
(2.0)
0.079
(2.5)
0.100 dia
(34.1)
1.341
(28.5)
1.124
(0.5)
J3
0.020 sq typ
J2
J1
A 9/32” (7 mm) standoff with a 2-56 screw is recommended to attach the RCM3200 to a
user board at the hole position shown in Figure A-3. Either use plastic hardware, or use
insulating washers to keep any metal hardware from shorting out signals on the RCM3200.
(8.4)
0.332
RCM3200 Footprint
Figure A-3. User Board Footprint for RCM3200
62
RabbitCore RCM3200
A.2 Bus Loading
You must pay careful attention to bus loading when designing an interface to the
RCM3200. This section provides bus loading information for external devices.
Table A-2 lists the capacitance for the various RCM3200 I/O ports.
Table A-2. Capacitance of Rabbit 3000 I/O Ports
I/O Ports
Input
Capacitance
(pF)
Output
Capacitance
(pF)
12
14
Parallel Ports A to G
Table A-3 lists the external capacitive bus loading for the various RCM3200 output ports.
Be sure to add the loads for the devices you are using in your custom system and verify
that they do not exceed the values in Table A-3.
Table A-3. External Capacitive Bus Loading -40°C to +70°C
Output Port
All I/O lines with clock
doubler enabled
User’s Manual
Clock Speed
(MHz)
Maximum External
Capacitive Loading (pF)
44.2
100
63
Figure A-4 shows a typical timing diagram for the Rabbit 3000 microprocessor external
I/O read and write cycles.
External I/O Read (no extra wait states)
T1
Tw
T2
CLK
A[15:0]
valid
Tadr
/CSx
/IOCSx
TCSx
TCSx
TIOCSx
TIOCSx
/IORD
TIORD
TIORD
/BUFEN
TBUFEN
Tsetup
TBUFEN
D[7:0]
valid
Thold
External I/O Write (no extra wait states)
T1
Tw
T2
CLK
A[15:0]
valid
Tadr
/CSx
/IOCSx
/IOWR
/BUFEN
D[7:0]
TCSx
TCSx
TIOCSx
TIOCSx
TIOWR
TIOWR
TBUFEN
TBUFEN
valid
TDHZV
TDVHZ
Figure A-4. I/O Read and Write Cycles—No Extra Wait States
NOTE: /IOCSx can be programmed to be active low (default) or active high.
64
RabbitCore RCM3200
Table A-4 lists the delays in gross memory access time for VDD = 3.3 V.
Table A-4. Data and Clock Delays VDD ±10%, Temp, -40°C–+85°C (maximum)
Clock to Address Output Delay
(ns)
30 pF
60 pF
90 pF
Data Setup
Time Delay
(ns)
6
8
11
1
VDD
3.3
Spectrum Spreader Delay
(ns)
Normal
Strong
dbl/no dbl
dbl/no dbl
3/4.5
4.5/9
The measurements are taken at the 50% points under the following conditions.
• T = -40°C to 85°C, V = VDD ±10%
• Internal clock to nonloaded CLK pin delay ≤ 1 ns @ 85°C/3.0 V
The clock to address output delays are similar, and apply to the following delays.
• Tadr, the clock to address delay
• TCSx, the clock to memory chip select delay
• TIOCSx, the clock to I/O chip select delay
• TIORD, the clock to I/O read strobe delay
• TIOWR, the clock to I/O write strobe delay
• TBUFEN, the clock to I/O buffer enable delay
The data setup time delays are similar for both Tsetup and Thold.
When the spectrum spreader is enabled with the clock doubler, every other clock cycle is
shortened (sometimes lengthened) by a maximum amount given in the table above. The
shortening takes place by shortening the high part of the clock. If the doubler is not
enabled, then every clock is shortened during the low part of the clock period. The maximum shortening for a pair of clocks combined is shown in the table.
Technical Note TN227, Interfacing External I/O with Rabbit 2000/3000 Designs, contains suggestions for interfacing I/O devices to the Rabbit 3000 microprocessors.
User’s Manual
65
A.3 Rabbit 3000 DC Characteristics
Table A-5 outlines the DC characteristics for the Rabbit at 3.3 V over the recommended
operating temperature range from Ta = –55°C to +125°C, VDD = 3.0 V to 3.6 V.
Table A-5. 3.3 Volt DC Characteristics
Symbol
Parameter
Test Conditions
Min
IIH
Input Leakage High
VIN = VDD, VDD = 3.3 V
IIL
Input Leakage Low
(no pull-up)
VIN = VSS, VDD = 3.3 V -1
IOZ
Output Leakage (no pull-up)
VIN = VDD or VSS,
VDD = 3.3 V
VIL
CMOS Input Low Voltage
VIH
CMOS Input High Voltage
VT
CMOS Switching Threshold VDD = 3.3 V, 25°C
VOL
Low-Level Output Voltage
VOH
High-Level Output Voltage
66
Typ
Max
1
Units
µA
µA
-1
1
µA
0.3 x VDD V
0.7 x VDD
1.65
IOL = See (sinking)
VDD = 3.0 V
V
0.4
VDD = 3.0 V
IOH = See (sourcing)
V
0.7 x VDD
V
V
RabbitCore RCM3200
A.4 I/O Buffer Sourcing and Sinking Limit
Unless otherwise specified, the Rabbit I/O buffers are capable of sourcing and sinking
6.8 mA of current per pin at full AC switching speed. Full AC switching assumes a
29.4 MHz CPU clock and capacitive loading on address and data lines of less than 70 pF
per pin. The absolute maximum operating voltage on all I/O is 5.5 V.
Table A-6 shows the AC and DC output drive limits of the parallel I/O buffers when the
Rabbit 3000 is used in the RCM3200.
Table A-6. I/O Buffer Sourcing and Sinking Capability
Output Drive (Full AC Switching)
Pin Name
All data, address, and I/O
lines with clock doubler
enabled
Sourcing/Sinking Limits
(mA)
Sourcing
Sinking
6.8
6.8
Under certain conditions, you can exceed the limits outlined in Table A-6. See the Rabbit
3000 Microprocessor User’s Manual for additional information.
User’s Manual
67
A.5 Conformal Coating
The areas around the 32 kHz real-time clock crystal oscillator has had the Dow Corning
silicone-based 1-2620 conformal coating applied. The conformally coated area is shown
in Figure A-5. The conformal coating protects these high-impedance circuits from the
effects of moisture and contaminants over time.
R1
R8
C3
U1 C5
C18
C33
C37
C36
R27
R31
JP5
R28
Y3
R35
R29
R37
C42
C45
C44
C43
R38
R39
R40
Q1
R42
C48
R41
C49
C53
C57
C61
C59
L1
R51
R49
R48
R47
R44
U8
C62
L2
R58
C35
JP4
JP3
C39
R25
U5
U6
C47
C30
C29
C28
C27
C32
C31
RP1
C23
R24
U4
D1
Conformally coated
area
C12
C24
R23
C20
C19
R22
R20
C17
R19
J3
C16
C15
R17
R18
C4
R10
R14
C9
C8
C1
R7
R9
C68
C64
C67
C79
Y4
J4
R74
C83
R72
R73
R63 R64
DS1
R71
R75
C86
DS2
DS3
SPD LNK ACT
R69
R67
R70
C75
C74
C72
C71
GND
Figure A-5. RCM3200 Areas Receiving Conformal Coating
Any components in the conformally coated area may be replaced using standard soldering
procedures for surface-mounted components. A new conformal coating should then be
applied to offer continuing protection against the effects of moisture and contaminants.
NOTE: For more information on conformal coatings, refer to Technical Note 303, Conformal Coatings.
68
RabbitCore RCM3200
A.6 Jumper Configurations
Figure A-6 shows the header locations used to configure the various RCM3200 options
via jumpers.
Top Side
Bottom Side
JP1
JP3
JP4
JP2
JP5
Figure A-6. Location of RCM3200 Configurable Positions
Table A-7 lists the configuration options.
Table A-7. RCM3200 Jumper Configurations
Header
JP1
JP2
JP3
JP4
JP5
Description
Pins Connected
1–2
Buffer disabled
2–3
Buffer enabled
1–2
128K/256K
2–3
512K
1–2
128K/256K
2–3
512K
1–2
Normal Mode
2–3
Bank Mode
1–2
256K
2–3
512K
Factory
Default
External I/O data bus
Program Execution SRAM Size
Flash Memory Size
Flash Memory Bank Select
Data SRAM Size
×
×
×
×
×
NOTE: The jumper connections are made using 0 Ω surface-mounted resistors.
User’s Manual
69
70
RabbitCore RCM3200
APPENDIX B. PROTOTYPING BOARD
Appendix B describes the features and accessories of the Prototyping Board, and explains the use of the Prototyping Board to
demonstrate the RCM3200 and to build prototypes of your own
circuits.
User’s Manual
71
B.1 Introduction
The Prototyping Board included in the Development Kit makes it easy to connect an
RCM3200 module to a power supply and a PC workstation for development. It also provides some basic I/O peripherals (switches and LEDs), as well as a prototyping area for
more advanced hardware development.
For the most basic level of evaluation and development, the Prototyping Board can be
used without modification.
As you progress to more sophisticated experimentation and hardware development, modifications and additions can be made to the board without modifying or damaging the
RCM3200 module itself.
The Prototyping Board is shown below in Figure B-1, with its main features identified.
MOTOR/ENCODER
J6
PE7
PF0
PF1
PF7
PF6
PF2
PF3
PF5
PF4
PA0
PA1
PB7
PB6
PA2
PA3
PB5
PB4
PA4
PA5
PB3
PB2
PA6
PA7
PE4
/RES
RN2
J1
MASTER
RC15
C2
R4
R3
SMT Prototyping
Area
R12
R6
RC14
RC13
+3.3V
Through-Hole
Prototyping Area
RC22
RC16
R7
UX3
RC12
+3.3V
RC23
UX9
RC17
RC21
R9
R11
RC10
R13
R21
Battery
RC24
RC20
R8
C3
R5
R2
UX11
RCM2
RC19
R10
RCM3000/RCM3100/
RCM3200 Master
Module Connectors
+5V
J15
SLAVE
UX10
GND
C1
+5V
BT1
J3
R1
+DC
U5
RC1
PB0
GND
C12
GND
PE6
2.5 MM JACK
D2
U4
RC2
RC11
GND
PC0
C11 C10
PC1
GND
PE5
+5V
PC2
PE4
+5V
PC4
PC3
J11
D1
C13
R20
R17
RC18
PD5
PC5
PE3
CURRENT
MEASUREMENT
OPTION
PG0
PD4
PE0
PE1
C17
JP1
PG1
PG6
PG7
DS3
PG4
PG5
+3.3V
POWER
/IOWR
C15
PG2
L1
POWER
PD4
PG3
RN5
RCM3000 ETHERNET CORE MODULE
RN4
PD5
/IORD
RCM1JB
GND
J9
IrDA
Transceiver
SM1
SM0
RCM1JA
+DC
PD2
GND
PD6
PD3
GND
PD0
PD7
VRAM
+5V
PD1
+3.3V
RN3
NC
GND
Power
Input
Power
LED
+3.3V
RN1
GND
VBAT
EXT
/RES
IN
Voltage
Regulators
CurrentRCM3000/RCM3100/
RCM3200 Slave Module Measurement
Header
Connectors
Slave Module
Extension Headers
UX2
GND
GND
GND
PE1
PE3
PC3
PC2
PE4
PE5
PC1
PC0
PE6
PE7
PF0
PF1
PF7
PF6
PF2
PF3
PF5
PF4
PA0
PA1
PB7
PB6
PA2
PA3
PB5
PB4
PA4
PA5
PB3
PB2
PA6
PA7
PB0
/RES STATUS
R14
GND
+5V
UX4
+5 V, 3.3 V, and
GND Buses
+5V
RC7
SMT Prototyping
Area
C9
U6
C16
DISPLAY BOARD
RC25
RC4
RC5
C14
RC27
U3
U3
RC28
RC29
RC26
UX5
RC9
UX7
U1
C5
RCM30/31/32XX SERIES
PROTOTYPING BOARD
C8
RCM2JA
RESET
C6
RCM2JB
S2
RxC TxC
GND
J5
J4
TxB RxB
Master Module
Extension Headers
BD6
PC4
BD4
PC5
BD7
PE0
RC6
BD5
PG7
+5V
BD2
PD5
BD0
PG0
PD4
BA1
PG2
PG1
PG6
BA3
PD4
PG3
PG4
+5V
J8
BD3
PD5
/IORD
PG5
+3.3V
+3.3V
+3.3V
GND
SM1
SM0
/IOWR
+3.3V
BD1
PD2
GND
PD3
BA0
VRAM
/RES
LCD
VBAT
EXT
/RES
IN
+5V
PD6
+5V
PD7
BPE3
+3.3V
R16
GND
TP1
PD0
R15
PD1
C4
NC
BA2
GND
GND
Reset
Switch
GND
S3
PG6
RS-232
J10
RS-232
Signal
Header
DS1
UX13
PG7
C7
DS2
User
Switches
DISPLAY BOARD
User
LEDs
J7
DISPLAY BOARD
LCD/Keypad
Module
Connections
Figure B-1. Prototyping Board
72
RabbitCore RCM3200
B.1.1 Prototyping Board Features
• Power Connection—A power-supply jack and a 3-pin header are provided for connection to the power supply. Note that the 3-pin header is symmetrical, with both outer
pins connected to ground and the center pin connected to the raw V+ input. The cable
of the AC adapter provided with the North American version of the Development Kit
ends in a plug that connects to the power-supply jack. The header plug leading to bare
leads provided for overseas customers can be connected to the 3-pin header in either
orientation.
Users providing their own power supply should ensure that it delivers 8–24 V DC at
8 W. The voltage regulators will get warm while in use.
• Regulated Power Supply—The raw DC voltage provided at the POWER IN jack is
routed to a 5 V switching voltage regulator, then to a separate 3.3 V linear regulator.
The regulators provide stable power to the RCM3200 module and the Prototyping
Board.
• Power LED—The power LED lights whenever power is connected to the Prototyping
Board.
• Reset Switch—A momentary-contact, normally open switch is connected directly to the
RCM3200’s /RESET_IN pin. Pressing the switch forces a hardware reset of the system.
• I/O Switches and LEDs—Two momentary-contact, normally open switches are connected to the PG0 and PG1 pins of the master RCM3200 module and may be read as
inputs by sample applications.
Two LEDs are connected to the PG6 and PG7 pins of the master module, and may be
driven as output indicators by sample applications.
• Prototyping Area—A generous prototyping area has been provided for the installation
of through-hole components. +3.3 V, +5 V, and Ground buses run around the edge of
this area. Several areas for surface-mount devices are also available. (Note that there
are SMT device pads on both top and bottom of the Prototyping Board.) Each SMT pad
is connected to a hole designed to accept a 30 AWG solid wire.
• Master Module Connectors—A set of connectors is pre-wired to permit installation
of the first RCM3000, RCM3100, or RCM3200 module that serves as the primary or
“master module.”
• Slave Module Connectors—A second set of connectors is pre-wired to permit installation of a second, slave RCM3200, RCM3100, or RCM3000 module. This capability
is reserved for future use, although the schematics in this manual contain all of the
details an experienced developer will need to implement a master-slave system.
• Module Extension Headers—The complete pin sets of both the MASTER and
SLAVE RabbitCore modules are duplicated at these two sets of headers. Developers
can solder wires directly into the appropriate holes, or, for more flexible development,
26-pin header strips can be soldered into place. See Figure B-4 for the header pinouts.
User’s Manual
73
• RS-232—Two 3-wire or one 5-wire RS-232 serial port are available on the Prototyping
Board. Refer to the Prototyping Board schematic (090-0137) for additional details.
A 10-pin 0.1-inch spacing header strip is installed at J5 to permit connection of a ribbon
cable leading to a standard DE-9 serial connector.
• Current Measurement Option—Jumpers across pins 1–2 and 5–6 on header JP1 can
be removed and replaced with an ammeter across the pins to measure the current drawn
from the +5 V or the +3.3 V supplies, respectively.
• Motor Encoder—A motor/encoder header is provided at header J6 for future use.
• LCD/Keypad Module—Rabbit’s LCD/keypad module may be plugged in directly to
headers J7, J8, and J10.
74
RabbitCore RCM3200
B.2 Mechanical Dimensions and Layout
5.55
0.20
(141)
(5)
MOTOR/ENCODER
J6
PE5
PC1
PC0
PE6
PE7
PF0
PF1
PF7
PF6
PF2
PF3
PF5
PF4
PA0
PA1
PB7
PB6
PA2
PA3
PB5
PB4
PB3
PB2
PA6
/RES
PE4
RN2
J1
PA5
PA7
UX10
RC15
C2
R4
R3
UX11
RCM2
RC24
RC19
RC20
RC23
UX9
R8
R12
R6
RC14
R10
C3
R5
R2
RC22
RC17
RC13
RC16
R7
UX3
RC12
RC21
R9
R11
RC10
R13
R21
+5V
+3.3V
J15
SLAVE
MASTER
C1
+5V
+3.3V
BT1
RCM1
J14
GND
J3
R1
Battery
+5V
PA4
+DC
U5
RC1
PB0
GND
C12
(135)
PE4
2.5 MM JACK
D2
U4
RCM30/31/32XX
CORE MODULE
5.30
PC2
4.95
PC4
PC3
(126)
PD5
PC5
PE3
GND
PG0
PD4
PE0
PE1
RC2
RC11
GND
PG1
PG6
PG7
C11 C10
PG4
PG5
GND
/IOWR
J11
R17
+5V
PG2
D1
C13
R20
RC18
PG3
C17
JP1
/IORD
CURRENT
MEASUREMENT
OPTION
SM0
L1
DS3
PD4
+3.3V
POWER
PD2
PD5
C15
PD3
SM1
RN5
POWER
VRAM
VBAT
EXT
/RES
IN
GND
+DC
PD6
GND
PD0
PD7
GND
PD1
+3.3V
RN4
NC
GND
RN3
GND
+5V
+3.3V
RN1
J9
(26)
(5)
1.025
0.20
Figure B-2 shows the mechanical dimensions and layout for the Prototyping Board.
UX2
GND
GND
GND
PC4
PC3
PC2
PE5
PC1
PC0
PE6
PE7
PF0
PF1
PF7
PF6
PF2
PF3
PF5
PF4
PA0
PA1
PB7
PB6
PA2
PA3
PB5
PB4
PA4
PA5
PB3
PB2
PA6
PA7
PB0
/RES
PE4
GND
TP1
R15
C9
U6
C16
DISPLAY BOARD
RC25
RC4
RC5
C14
RC27
U3
RC28
RC29
RC26
UX5
R14
RC9
UX7
U1
R C M30/ 31/ 32X X SE R I E S
P R OTOT Y P IN G B OA R D
C5
C8
J12
RESET
C6
RxC TxC
J5
TxB RxB
(12)
+5V
U3
J4
0.475
+5V
UX4
GND
J13
S2
S3
PG6
J7
J10
C7
RS-232
DS1
3.40
UX13
PG7
DS2
DISPLAY BOARD
DISPLAY BOARD
2.70
(86)
(69)
0.20
(5)
(4)
PC5
PE3
PE4
BD6
PE0
PE1
BD4
PG7
BD2
PD5
BD7
PD4
BD5
PG6
BD3
PG5
BD0
PG0
RC7
BA1
PG1
RC6
BA3
PG4
+5V
BD1
/IOWR
+3.3V
+3.3V
RCM30/31/32XX
CORE MODULE
GND
PG2
GND
PD4
PG3
GND
PD2
PD5
/IORD
+5V
J8
BA0
PD3
SM1
/RES
LCD
VRAM
SM0
+3.3V
+5V
PD6
VBAT
EXT
/RES
IN
+3.3V
+5V
PD7
BPE3
+3.3V
R16
GND
PD0
0.15
(3.2)
PD1
C4
0.125 dia × 5
NC
BA2
GND
GND
6.775
(172)
Figure B-2. RCM30/31/32XX Prototyping Board Dimensions
NOTE: All measurements are in inches followed by millimeters enclosed in parentheses.
All dimensions have a manufacturing tolerance of ±0.01" (0.25 mm).
User’s Manual
75
Table B-1 lists the electrical, mechanical, and environmental specifications for the Prototyping Board.
Table B-1. Prototyping Board Specifications
Parameter
Specification
Board Size
5.30" × 6.775" × 1.00" (135 mm × 172 mm × 25 mm)
Operating Temperature
–20°C to +60°C
Humidity
5% to 95%, noncondensing
Input Voltage
8 V to 24 V DC
Maximum Current Draw
800 mA max. for +3.3 V supply,
(including user-added circuits) 1 A total +3.3 V and +5 V combined
Prototyping Area
2.0" × 3.5" (50 mm × 90 mm) throughhole, 0.1" spacing,
additional space for SMT components
Standoffs/Spacers
5, accept 4-40 × 3/8 screws
B.3 Power Supply
The RCM3200 requires a regulated 3.3 V ± 0.15 V DC power source to operate. Depending on the amount of current required by the application, different regulators can be used
to supply this voltage.
The Prototyping Board has an onboard +5 V switching power regulator from which a
+3.3 V linear regulator draws its supply. Thus both +5 V and +3.3 V are available on the
Prototyping Board.
The Prototyping Board itself is protected against reverse polarity by a Shottky diode at D2
as shown in Figure B-3.
SWITCHING POWER REGULATOR
POWER
IN
J9/J11
1
2
3
D2
DCIN
DL4003
C17
47 µF
+RAW
+5 V
LINEAR POWER
REGULATOR +3.3 V
3
U5
330 µH
LM2575
340 µF
LM1117
U1
1
2
10 µF
L1
D1
1N5819
Figure B-3. Prototyping Board Power Supply
76
RabbitCore RCM3200
B.4 Using the Prototyping Board
The Prototyping Board is actually both a demonstration board and a prototyping board. As
a demonstration board, it can be used to demonstrate the functionality of the RCM3200
right out of the box without any modifications to either board. There are no jumpers or dip
switches to configure or misconfigure on the Prototyping Board so that the initial setup is
very straightforward.
The Prototyping Board comes with the basic components necessary to demonstrate the
operation of the RCM3200. Two LEDs (DS1 and DS2) are connected to PG6 and PG7,
and two switches (S2 and S3) are connected to PG1 and PG0 to demonstrate the interface
to the Rabbit 3000 microprocessor. Reset switch S1 is the hardware reset for the
RCM3200.
The Prototyping Board provides the user with RCM3200 connection points brought out conveniently to labeled points at headers J2 and J4 on the Prototyping Board. Small to medium
circuits can be prototyped using point-to-point wiring with 20 to 30 AWG wire between the
prototyping area and the holes at locations J2 and J4. The holes are spaced at 0.1" (2.5 mm),
and 40-pin headers or sockets may be installed at J2 and J4. The pinouts for locations J2 and
J4, which correspond to headers J1 and J2, are shown in Figure B-4.
J4
J2
GND
GND
VBAT_EXT
/RESET_IN
SMODE0
/IOWR
PG5
PG7
PE1
PE4
PE6
PF7
PF5
PB7
PB5
PB3
PB0
n.c.
+3.3V
VRAM
SMODE1
/IORD
PG4
PG6
PE0
PE3
PE5
PE7
PF6
PF4
PB6
PB4
PB2
/RES
PD1
PD7
PD3
PD5
PG3
PG1
PC7
PC5
PC3
PC1
PF0
PF2
PA0
PA2
PA4
PA6
STATUS
PD0
PD6
PD2
PD4
PG2
PG0
PC6
PC4
PC2
PC0
PF1
PF3
PA1
PA3
PA5
PA7
GND
n.c. = not connected
Figure B-4. Prototyping Board Pinout
(Top View)
The small holes are also provided for surface-mounted components that may be installed
around the prototyping area.
There is a 2.0" × 3.5" through-hole prototyping space available on the Prototyping Board.
+3.3 V, +5 V, and GND traces run along the edge of the Prototyping Board for easy access.
User’s Manual
77
B.4.1 Adding Other Components
There are pads that can be used for surface-mount prototyping involving SOIC devices.
There is provision for seven 16-pin devices (six on one side, one on the other side). There
are 10 sets of pads that can be used for 3- to 6-pin SOT23 packages. There are also pads
that can be used for SMT resistors and capacitors in an 0805 SMT package. Each component has every one of its pin pads connected to a hole in which a 30 AWG wire can be soldered (standard wire wrap wire can be soldered in for point-to-point wiring on the
Prototyping Board). Because the traces are very thin, carefully determine which set of
holes is connected to which surface-mount pad.
B.4.2 Measuring Current Draw
The Prototyping Board has a current-measurement feature available on header JP1. Normally, a jumper connects pins 1–2 and pins 5–6 on header JP1, which provide jumper connections for the +5 V and the +3.3 V regulated voltages respectively. You may remove a
jumper and place an ammeter across the pins instead, as shown in the example in
Figure B-5, to measure the current being drawn.
0
+5V
+3.3V
A
CURRENT
MEASUREMENT
OPTION
JP1
Figure B-5. Prototyping Board Current-Measurement Option
78
RabbitCore RCM3200
B.4.3 Other Prototyping Board Modules and Options
With the RCM3200 plugged into the MASTER slots, it has full access to the RS-232 transceiver, and can act as the “master” relative to another RabbitCore RCM3000, RCM3100,
or RCM3200 plugged into the SLAVE slots, which acts as the “slave.”
An optional LCD/keypad module is available that can be mounted on the Prototyping
Board. Refer to Appendix C, “LCD/Keypad Module,” for complete information.
The RCM3200 has a 2-channel quadrature decoder and a 10-bit free-running PWM
counter with four pulse-width registers. These features allow the RCM3200 to be used in a
motor control application, although Rabbit does not offer the drivers or a compatible stepper motor control board at this time.
The Prototyping Board has a header at J6 to which a customer-developed motor encoder
may be connected. Figure B-6 shows the motor encoder pinout at header J6.
J6
PF0
PF2
PF4
PF6
+5 V
PF1
PF3
PF5
PF7
GND
Figure B-6. Prototyping Board Motor Encoder
Connector Pinout
Refer to Appendix E, “Motor Control Option,” for complete information on using the
Rabbit 3000’s Parallel Port F in conjunction with this application.
User’s Manual
79
B.5 Use of Rabbit 3000 Parallel Ports
Table B-2 lists the Rabbit 3000 parallel ports and their use for the RCM30/31/32XX
Prototyping Board.
Table B-2. RCM30/31/32XX Prototyping Board
Use of Rabbit 3000 Parallel Ports
Port
I/O
Use
Initial State
PA0–PA7
Output
PB0–PB1
Input
Not used
PB2–PB5
Input
Configurable external I/O bus
PB6–PB7
Output
Not used
Pulled up on RCM3200
PC0
Output
Not used
High (disabled)
PC1
Input
Not used
Pulled up on RCM3200
PC2
Output
High when not driven
by I/O bus
Configurable external I/O bus
Pulled up on RCM3200
High when not driven
by I/O bus
TXC
High (disabled)
Serial Port C
PC3
Input
RXC
PC4
Output
TXB
Pulled up on RCM3200
High (disabled)
Serial Port B
PC5
Input
PC6
Output
RXB
Pulled up on RCM3200
TXA Programming Port
High (disabled)
Serial Port A
80
PC7
Input
RXA Programming Port
PD0
Output
PD1
Input
Not used
Pulled up on RCM3200
PD2–PD4
Output
Not used
High
PD5
Input
Not used
Pulled up on
Prototyping Board
PD6–PD7
Output
Not used
High
PE0–PE1
Output
Not used
High
PE2
Output
Ethernet chip select
High
PE3
Output
LCD device select
Low (disabled)
PE4
Output
IrDA speed select
Low (disabled)
PE5
Output
Not used
PE6
Output
External I/O strobe
High (disabled)
PE7
Output
Not used
High (disabled)
Ethernet RSTDRV
Pulled up on RCM3200
High
High
RabbitCore RCM3200
Table B-2. RCM30/31/32XX Prototyping Board
Use of Rabbit 3000 Parallel Ports (continued)
Port
I/O
Use
Initial State
PF0–PF7
Input
Reserved for future use
PG0
Input
Switch S3 (normally open)
High
PG1
Input
Switch S2 (normally open)
High
PG2
Output
Pulled up on
Prototyping Board
TXF IrDA
Pulled down
Serial Port F
PG3
Input
RXF IrDA
Driven by IrDA driver
PG4
Input
IrDA MD1
Pulled up on
Prototyping Board
PG5
Input
IrDA MD0
Pulled down on
Prototyping Board
PG6
Output
LED DS1
High (disabled)
PG7
Output
LED DS2
High (disabled)
User’s Manual
81
82
RabbitCore RCM3200
APPENDIX C. LCD/KEYPAD MODULE
An optional LCD/keypad is available for the Prototyping Board.
Appendix C describes the LCD/keypad and provides the software function calls to make full use of the LCD/keypad.
C.1 Specifications
Two optional LCD/keypad modules—with or without a panel-mounted bezel—are available
for use with the Prototyping Board. They are shown in Figure C-1.
LCD/Keypad Modules
Figure C-1. LCD/Keypad Modules Models
Only the version without the bezel can mount directly on the Prototyping Board; if you
have the version with a bezel, you will have to remove the bezel to be able to mount the
LCD/keypad module on the Prototyping Board. Either version of the LCD/keypad module
can be installed at a remote location up to 60 cm (24") away. Contact your Rabbit sales
representative or your authorized distributor for further assistance in purchasing an LCD/
keypad module.
User’s Manual
83
Mounting hardware and a 60 cm (24") extension cable are also available for the LCD/keypad module through your sales representative or authorized distributor.
Table C-1 lists the electrical, mechanical, and environmental specifications for the LCD/
keypad module.
Table C-1. LCD/Keypad Specifications
Parameter
Specification
Board Size
2.60" × 3.00" × 0.75"
(66 mm × 76 mm × 19 mm)
Bezel Size
4.50" × 3.60" × 0.30"
(114 mm × 91 mm × 7.6 mm)
Temperature
Operating Range: 0°C to +50°C
Storage Range: –40°C to +85°C
Humidity
5% to 95%, noncondensing
Power Consumption
1.5 W maximum*
Connections
Connects to high-rise header sockets on the Prototyping Board
LCD Panel Size
122 × 32 graphic display
Keypad
7-key keypad
LEDs
Seven user-programmable LEDs
* The backlight adds approximately 650 mW to the power consumption.
The LCD/keypad module has 0.1"
IDC headers at J1, J2, and J3 for
physical connection to other boards or
ribbon cables. Figure C-2 shows the
LCD/keypad module footprint. These
values are relative to one of the
mounting holes.
(2.5)
(19.5)
0.768
(15.4)
0.607
J1
(40.6)
0.200
(5.1)
J3
J2
1.600
NOTE: All measurements are in
inches followed by millimeters
enclosed in parentheses. All dimensions have a manufacturing tolerance of ±0.01" (0.25 mm).
0.100
0.500
(12.7)
1.450
(36.8)
2.200
(55.9)
Figure C-2. User Board Footprint for
LCD/Keypad Module
84
RabbitCore RCM3200
C.2 Contrast Adjustments for All Boards
Starting in 2005, LCD/keypad modules were factory-configured to optimize their contrast
based on the voltage of the system they would be used in. Be sure to select a KDU5V
LCD/keypad module for use with the RCM3000/3100/3200 Prototyping Board — these
modules operate at 5 V. You may adjust the contrast using the potentiometer at R2 as
shown in Figure C-3. LCD/keypad modules configured for 3.3 V should not be used with
the 5 V RCM3000/3100/3200 Prototyping Board because the higher voltage will reduce
the backlight service life dramatically.
LCD/Keypad Module Jumper Configurations
Description
Pins
Connected
Factory
Default
2.8 V
1–2
×
3.3 V
3–4
5V
n.c.
C9
U3
D1
C7
JP1
R3
U2
C4
U1
R4
R5
C11
C13
U4
J5
CR1
C12
R7
LCD1
R6
D2 C1
C6
C10
R2
C5
C2
Contrast
Adjustment
C3
J5
R1
Header
Q1
J5
Part No. 101-0541
R8
R26
4
2
R20
1
R17
3
R10
Q4
Q6
OTHER LP3500
3.3 V 2.8 V
n.c. = 5 V
R12
R9
Q7
Q2
U6
U5
Q5
R15
R18
R14
R16
R13
R21
R11
J5
Q3
R19
2
R23
1
4
R22
3
J1
R25
Q8
J2
U7 C14
C16 R24
C15
KP1
C17
RN1
DISPLAY
BOARD
J4
Figure C-3. LCD/Keypad Module Voltage Settings
You can set the contrast on the LCD display of pre-2005 LCD/keypad modules by adjusting the potentiometer at R2 or by setting the voltage for 5 V by removing the jumper across
pins 1–2 on header J5 as shown in Figure C-3. Only one of these two options is available
on these LCD/keypad modules.
NOTE: Older LCD/keypad modules that do not have a header at J5 or a contrast adjustment potentiometer at R2 are limited to operate only at 5 V, and will work with the
Prototyping Board. The older LCD/keypad modules are no longer being sold.
User’s Manual
85
C.3 Keypad Labeling
The keypad may be labeled according to your needs. A template is provided in Figure C-4
to allow you to design your own keypad label insert.
1.10
(28)
2.35
(60)
Figure C-4. Keypad Template
To replace the keypad legend, remove the old legend and insert your new legend prepared
according to the template in Figure C-4. The keypad legend is located under the blue keypad matte, and is accessible from the left only as shown in Figure C-5.
Keypad label is located
under the blue keypad matte.
Figure C-5. Removing and Inserting Keypad Label
86
RabbitCore RCM3200
C.4 Header Pinouts
DB6B
DB4B
DB2B
DB0B
A1B
A3B
GND
LED7
LED5
LED3
LED1
/RES
VCC
Figure C-6 shows the pinouts for the LCD/keypad module.
J3
GND
LED7
LED5
LED3
LED1
/RES
VCC
GND
DB6B
DB4B
DB2B
DB0B
A1B
A3B
DB7B
DB5B
DB3B
DB1B
A0B
A2B
GND
GND
LED6
LED4
LED2
/CS
+5BKLT
J1
GND
GND
LED6
LED4
LED2
PE7
+5BKLT
GND
DB7B
DB5B
DB3B
DB1B
A0B
A2B
J2
Figure C-6. LCD/Keypad Module Pinouts
C.4.1 I/O Address Assignments
The LCD and keypad on the LCD/keypad module are addressed by the /CS strobe as
explained in Table C-2.
Table C-2. LCD/Keypad Module Address Assignment
Address
User’s Manual
Function
0xC000
Device select base address (/CS)
0xCxx0–0xCxx7
LCD control
0xCxx8
LED enable
0xCxx9
Not used
0xCxxA
7-key keypad
0xCxxB (bits 0–6)
7-LED driver
0xCxxB (bit 7)
LCD backlight on/off
0xCxxC–ExxF
Not used
87
C.5 Mounting LCD/Keypad Module on the Prototyping Board
Install the LCD/keypad module on header sockets J7, J8, and J10 of the Prototyping Board
as shown in Figure C-7. Be careful to align the pins over the headers, and do not bend
them as you press down to mate the LCD/keypad module with the Prototyping Board.
MOTOR/ENCODER
J6
PA6
/RES
PE4
PA4
BT1
PA5
C48
R42
PD4
PG3
PG2
/IOWR
PG4
PG1
PG0
PG5
PG6
PD4
PD5
C30
PG7
PE0
PC5
PC4
PE1
PE3
PC3
PC2
PE4
PE5
PC1
PC0
PE6
PE7
PF0
PF1
PF7
JP4
C39
JP3
C37
C36
R28
JP5
C28
C27
C19
C24
C20
C16
C15
C17
C1
C9
C8
U1 C5
C3
C4
GND
J5
J4
TxB RxB
GND
GND
C16
DISPLAY BOARD
RC25
RC4
RC5
C14
RC27
U3
U3
RC28
RC29
RC26
UX5
R14
RCM30/31/32XX SERIES
PROTOTYPING BOARD
RCM2JB
S2
S3
PG6
PG7
DS1
DS2
C7
RS-232
U6
UX7
R10
R14
C6
J8
+5V
C9
C8
RxC TxC
RC7
R24
R31
R27
C35
C29
C33
RC6
+5V
UX4
RC9
R8
RP1
C5
RCM2JA
RESET
GND
+5V
J8
R17
R18
C18
R19
C12
R20
C4
R23
/RES STATUS
R25
PB0
U4
PA7
C31
PA5
PA6
U1
+3.3V
+5V
D1
PA4
PB2
R29
R37
R39
R40
PB4
PB3
Y3
PB5
C42
PA3
R35
PA1
PA2
U5
PF3
PA0
PB6
U6
PF2
PF4
Q1
PF6
+3.3V
+3.3V
R16
PD2
PD5
/IORD
C45
C44
C43
R38
PD3
SM1
TP1
VRAM
SM0
GND
GND
+3.3V
R15
VBAT
EXT
/RES
IN
C32
PD6
R1
PD7
R7
R9
+3.3V
R22
GND
C23
R41
PD0
GND
C53
PD1
PF5
GND
R72
R47
R44
C57
C49
UX2
C47
NC
PB7
+5V
R51
R49
R48
C61
L1
RC2
RC11
GND
+5V
C75
C62
R9
R11
C59
DS3
DS2
DS1
C64
C67
L2
RC21
R13
RC10
C74
C72
RC1
RC22
R7
UX3
U8
R74
J4
C71
R12
R6
RC16
RC12
R21
C68
R67
R70
C83
R8
RC17
RC13
R10
RC14
R58
GND
R75
R71
UX9
UX11
RC24
RC23
R63 R64
C86
RC20
RCM2
C79
Y4
SPD LNK ACT
C2
C3
R5
RC19
R69
RC15
R4
R2
RC18
MASTER
C1
R3
J15
SLAVE
UX10
GND
J3
PA7
J3
R1
+DC
R73
RN2
J1
GND
GND
PA3
PB2
PB0
BD6
PA2
PB4
PB3
+3.3V
BD4
PB6
PB5
+5V
+3.3V
BD7
PB7
Battery
BD5
PA1
C11 C10
PF3
PA0
BD2
PF1
PF2
PF4
BD0
PF0
PF6
PF5
BA1
PE7
PF7
BA3
PE6
+5V
BD3
PC0
GND
PC1
U5
BD1
PE5
C12
GND
PE4
2.5 MM JACK
D2
U4
BA0
PC2
GND
PC3
BA2
PE3
/RES
LCD
PC4
PE1
+5V
PD5
PC5
+5V
PG0
PD4
PE0
J11
D1
C13
R20
R17
BPE3
PG2
PG1
PG6
JP1
PG3
PG4
PG7
CURRENT
MEASUREMENT
OPTION
/IORD
PG5
C17
RCM3000 ETHERNET CORE MODULE
RN4
SM0
/IOWR
L1
DS3
PD4
+3.3V
POWER
PD2
PD5
RN5
C15
PD3
SM1
RCM1JB
GND
POWER
VRAM
VBAT
EXT
/RES
IN
RCM1JA
J9
PD6
+DC
PD7
GND
PD0
+3.3V
GND
PD1
GND
RN3
NC
+5V
+3.3V
RN1
GND
J10
DISPLAY BOARD
J10
UX13
J7
J7
DISPLAY BOARD
Figure C-7. Install LCD/Keypad Module on Prototyping Board
88
RabbitCore RCM3200
C.6 Bezel-Mount Installation
This section describes and illustrates how to bezel-mount the LCD/keypad module. Follow these steps for bezel-mount installation.
1. Cut mounting holes in the mounting panel in accordance with the recommended dimensions in Figure C-8, then use the bezel faceplate to mount the LCD/keypad module onto
the panel.
0.125 D, 4x
0.230
(5.8)
2.870
(86.4)
0.130
(3.3)
CUTOUT
3.400
(3)
(72.9)
3.100
(78.8)
Figure C-8. Recommended Cutout Dimensions
2. Carefully “drop in” the LCD/keypad module with the bezel and gasket attached.
User’s Manual
89
3. Fasten the unit with the four 4-40 screws and washers included with the LCD/keypad
module. If your panel is thick, use a 4-40 screw that is approximately 3/16" (5 mm)
longer than the thickness of the panel.
Bezel/Gasket
DISPLAY BOARD
U1
C1
U2
C4
U3
C3
C2
Q1
R17
D1
J1
R1
R2
R4
R3
R5
R7
R6
R8
R15
R14
R13
R12
R11
R9
R10
Panel
R18
Q2
Q3
Q4
Q5
Q6
Q8
Q7
C5
R16
KP1
J3
RN1
U4
C6
C7
C8
J2
Figure C-9. LCD/Keypad Module Mounted in Panel (rear view)
Carefully tighten the screws until the gasket is compressed and the plastic bezel faceplate is touching the panel.
Do not tighten each screw fully before moving on to the next screw. Apply only one or
two turns to each screw in sequence until all are tightened manually as far as they can
be so that the gasket is compressed and the plastic bezel faceplate is touching the panel.
90
RabbitCore RCM3200
C.6.1 Connect the LCD/Keypad Module to Your Prototyping Board
The LCD/keypad module can be located as far as 2 ft. (60 cm) away from the RCM30/31/
32XX Prototyping Board, and is connected via a ribbon cable as shown in Figure C-10.
C5
D1
C7
JP1
R3
U2
C4
U1
C10
C9
R4
R5
C11
CR1
C13
Pin 1
C12
R7
LCD1
R6
D2 C1
C6
C3
R1
C2
R2
U3
U4
Q1
J5
J1
R25
R8
Q4
Q6
3.3 V 2.8 V
n.c. = 5 V
Q3
R19
2
OTHER LP3500
R12
R9
Q7
Q2
U6
U5
R15
Q5
R18
R10
R20
4
R17
1
R16
R14
J5
3
R21
R13
R23
R11
R22
R26
Q8
J2
U7 C14
C16 R24
C15
KP1
RN1
C17
DISPLAY
BOARD
J4
TxB RxB
GND
J4
PA5
PA4
PB4
PA3
PA2
PB6
PA1
PA0
PF4
PF5
PF3
PF2
PF6
PF7
PF1
PF0
PE7
PE6
PC0
PC1
PE5
PE4
PC2
PC3
PE3
PE1
PC4
PC5
PE0
PG7
PD5
PD4
PG6
PG5
PG0
PG1
PG4
/IOWR
PG2
PG3
/IORD
PD4
PD5
SM1
PD2
PD3
VRAM
VBAT
EXT
/RES
IN
PD6
PD7
+3.3V
GND
PD0
PD1
NC
GND
S3
S2
C6
U1
R11
R9
R7
RC17
C2
PC1
PE5
PE4
PC3
PE3
PE1
PC5
PE0
PG7
PD4
PG6
PG5
PG1
PG4
/IOWR
PG3
/IORD
SM0
GND
GND
PD5
SM1
PD3
VRAM
PD7
+3.3V
PD1
NC
R6
SPD LNK ACT
R8
SLAVE
UX11
GND
+5V
GND
BT1
PA3
PA1
PF3
Battery
PF1
+3.3V
+3.3V
+5V
+5V
PC0
U5
PC2
C12
U4
PC4
PG0
PG2
+DC
2.5 MM JACK
R17
PD4
R20
PD2
C13
D1
RCM3000 ETHERNET CORE MODULE
PD6
PD0
GND
D2
PD5
RCM1JA
GND
RCM1JB
RN5
J6
MOTOR/ENCODER
RN1
UX4
J15
PA5
RN4
PF0
PE7
PE6
RC23
RN3
PF2
PF6
PF7
+5V
J8
GND
GND
+5V
PA0
PF4
PF5
+3.3V
+3.3V
+3.3V
PA2
PB6
PB7
RC25
+5V
+3.3V
J11
C17
L1
+DC
PA4
PB4
PB5
UX10
PA7
RC4
RC24
MASTER
GND
RC7
RC6
+3.3V
RC28
RC5
GND
PA6
PB2
+5V
DISPLAY BOARD
C16
RC27
C14
GND
PE4
/RES
RC29
U6
CURRENT
MEASUREMENT
OPTION
PB3
RC26
U3
C9
+3.3V
POWER
PB0
UX5
RC18
C11 C10
C15
RN2
C1
J3
RC9
R14
U3
UX2
RC22
RCM2
RC15
UX13
GND
GND
JP1
DS3
POWER
VBAT
EXT
/RES
IN
RC20
DS3
GND
J1
DS2
RC19
C86
R4
R75
R1
UX9
R12
RC14
DS1
R71
R74
C83
R72
R73
R67
R70
J4
R3
C72
RC1
+5V
C75
C74
R63 R64
R69
C3
R5
R13
R10
C64
C67
C71
R2
C68
RC16
RCM30/31/32XX SERIES
PROTOTYPING BOARD
L2
RC13
RC2
RC21
C62
R58
UX3
C79
Y4
RC10
R51
R49
R48
L1
RC12
C61
R47
R44
C57
R21
J7
UX7
C49
+5V
GND
C59
RC11
DISPLAY BOARD
DISPLAY BOARD
RCM2JB
C8
C5
R42
C48
C53
U8
J9
SM0
RCM2JA
RESET
R41
C47
PB7
Q1
PB5
PG7
J10
C45
C44
C43
R38
/RES
LCD
+5V
GND
BA3
BA1
BD0
BD2
BD4
BD6
R29
R37
R39
R40
C42
PB3
DS2
DS1
PG6
C7
RxC TxC
R27
R31
JP5
Y3
R35
PA7
RS-232
J5
GND
C37
C36
R28
R16
C39
TP1
R25
U5
U6
PA6
C35
C33
C29
C30
JP4
JP3
D1
RP1
C23
C28
C27
C32
C31
PB2
C18
R24
U4
/RES STATUS
C4
C17
C12
C24
C20
R23
C16
C15
R20
C19
R22
R15
+5V
BPE3
GND
GND
BA2
BA0
BD1
BD3
BD5
BD7
J8
U1 C5
R19
J3
C3
C9
C8
C1
R10
R14
PB0
R8
R17
R18
Pin 1
C4
R1
R7
R9
Figure C-10. Connecting LCD/Keypad Module to RCM30/31/32XX Prototyping Board
Note the locations and connections relative to pin 1 on both the Prototyping Board and the
LCD/keypad module.
Rabbit offers 2 ft. (60 cm) extension cables. Contact your authorized Rabbit distributor or
a sales representative for more information.
User’s Manual
91
C.7 LCD/Keypad Module Function Calls
When mounted on the Prototyping Board, the LCD/keypad module uses the external I/O
bus on the Rabbit 3000 chip. Remember to add the line
#define PORTA_AUX_IO
to the beginning of any programs using the external I/O bus.
C.7.1 LCD/Keypad Module Initialization
The function used to initialize the LCD/keypad module can be found in the Dynamic C
LIB\DISPLAYS\LCD122KEY7.LIB library.
void dispInit();
Initializes the LCD/keypad module. The keypad is set up using keypadDef() or keyConfig() after
this function call.
RETURN VALUE
None.
C.7.2 LEDs
When power is applied to the LCD/keypad module for the first time, the red LED (DS1)
will come on, indicating that power is being applied to the LCD/keypad module. The red
LED is turned off when the brdInit function executes.
One function is available to control the LEDs, and can be found in the LIB\DISPLAYS\
LCD122KEY7.LIB library.
void ledOut(int led, int value);
LED on/off control. This function will only work when the LCD/keypad module is installed on the
Prototyping Board.
PARAMETERS
led is the LED to control.
0 = LED DS1
1 = LED DS2
2 = LED DS3
3 = LED DS4
4 = LED DS5
5 = LED DS6
6 = LED DS7
value is the value used to control whether the LED is on or off (0 or 1).
0 = off
1 = on
RETURN VALUE
None.
92
RabbitCore RCM3200
C.7.3 LCD Display
The functions used to control the LCD display are contained in the GRAPHIC.LIB library
located in the Dynamic C DISPLAYS\GRAPHIC library directory.
void glInit(void);
Initializes the display devices, clears the screen.
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
glDispOnOFF, glBacklight, glSetContrast, glPlotDot, glBlock, glPlotDot,
glPlotPolygon, glPlotCircle, glHScroll, glVScroll, glXFontInit, glPrintf,
glPutChar, glSetBrushType, glBuffLock, glBuffUnlock, glPlotLine
void glBackLight(int onOff);
Turns the display backlight on or off.
PARAMETER
onOff turns the backlight on or off
1—turn the backlight on
0—turn the backlight off
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
glInit, glDispOnoff, glSetContrast
void glDispOnOff(int onOff);
Sets the LCD screen on or off. Data will not be cleared from the screen.
PARAMETER
onOff turns the LCD screen on or off
1—turn the LCD screen on
0—turn the LCD screen off
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
glInit, glSetContrast, glBackLight
User’s Manual
93
void glSetContrast(unsigned level);
Sets display contrast.
NOTE: This function is not used with the LCD/keypad module since the support circuits
are not available on the LCD/keypad module.
void glFillScreen(char pattern);
Fills the LCD display screen with a pattern.
PARAMETER
The screen will be set to all black if pattern is 0xFF, all white if pattern is 0x00, and vertical stripes
for any other pattern.
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
glBlock, glBlankScreen, glPlotPolygon, glPlotCircle
void glBlankScreen(void);
Blanks the LCD display screen (sets LCD display screen to white).
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
glFillScreen, glBlock, glPlotPolygon, glPlotCircle
void glBlock(int x, int y, int bmWidth,
int bmHeight);
Draws a rectangular block in the page buffer and on the LCD if the buffer is unlocked. Any portion of the
block that is outside the LCD display area will be clipped.
PARAMETERS
x is the x coordinate of the top left corner of the block.
y is the y coordinate of the top left corner of the block.
bmWidth is the width of the block.
bmWidth is the height of the block.
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
glFillScreen, glBlankScreen, glPlotPolygon, glPlotCircle
94
RabbitCore RCM3200
void glPlotVPolygon(int n, int *pFirstCoord);
Plots the outline of a polygon in the LCD page buffer, and on the LCD if the buffer is unlocked. Any
portion of the polygon that is outside the LCD display area will be clipped. If fewer than 3 vertices are
specified, the function will return without doing anything.
PARAMETERS
n is the number of vertices.
*pFirstCoord is a pointer to array of vertex coordinates: x1,y1, x2,y2, x3,y3,...
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
glPlotPolygon, glFillPolygon, glFillVPolygon
void glPlotPolygon(int n, int y1, int x2, int y2,
...);
Plots the outline of a polygon in the LCD page buffer and on the LCD if the buffer is unlocked. Any
portion of the polygon that is outside the LCD display area will be clipped. If fewer than 3 vertices are
specified, the function will return without doing anything.
PARAMETERS
n is the number of vertices.
y1 is the y coordinate of the first vertex.
x1 is the x coordinate of the first vertex.
y2 is the y coordinate of the second vertex.
x2 is the x coordinate of the second vertex.
... are the coordinates of additional vertices.
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
glPlotVPolygon, glFillPolygon, glFillVPolygon
User’s Manual
95
void glFillVPolygon(int n, int *pFirstCoord);
Fills a polygon in the LCD page buffer and on the LCD screen if the buffer is unlocked. Any portion of
the polygon that is outside the LCD display area will be clipped. If fewer than 3 vertices are specified,
the function will return without doing anything.
PARAMETERS
n is the number of vertices.
*pFirstCoord is a pointer to array of vertex coordinates: x1,y1, x2,y2, x3,y3,...
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
glFillPolygon, glPlotPolygon, glPlotVPolygon
void glFillPolygon(int n, int x1, int y1, int x2,
int y2, ...);
Fills a polygon in the LCD page buffer and on the LCD if the buffer is unlocked. Any portion of the
polygon that is outside the LCD display area will be clipped. If fewer than 3 vertices are specified, the
function will return without doing anything.
PARAMETERS
n is the number of vertices.
x1 is the x coordinate of the first vertex.
y1 is the y coordinate of the first vertex.
x2 is the x coordinate of the second vertex.
y2 is the y coordinate of the second vertex.
... are the coordinates of additional vertices.
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
glFillVPolygon, glPlotPolygon, glPlotVPolygon
void glPlotCircle(int xc, int yc, int rad);
Draws the outline of a circle in the LCD page buffer and on the LCD if the buffer is unlocked. Any portion of the circle that is outside the LCD display area will be clipped.
PARAMETERS
xc is the x coordinate of the center of the circle.
yc is the y coordinate of the center of the circle.
rad is the radius of the center of the circle (in pixels).
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
glFillCircle, glPlotPolygon, glFillPolygon
96
RabbitCore RCM3200
void glFillCircle(int xc, int yc, int rad);
Draws a filled circle in the LCD page buffer and on the LCD if the buffer is unlocked. Any portion of the
circle that is outside the LCD display area will be clipped.
PARAMETERS
xc is the x coordinate of the center of the circle.
yc is the y coordinate of the center of the circle.
rad is the radius of the center of the circle (in pixels).
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
glPlotCircle, glPlotPolygon, glFillPolygon
void glXFontInit(fontInfo *pInfo, char pixWidth,
char pixHeight, unsigned startChar,
unsigned endChar, unsigned long xmemBuffer);
Initializes the font descriptor structure, where the font is stored in xmem.
PARAMETERS
*pInfo is a pointer to the font descriptor to be initialized.
pixWidth is the width (in pixels) of each font item.
pixHeight is the height (in pixels) of each font item.
startChar is the value of the first printable character in the font character set.
endChar is the value of the last printable character in the font character set.
xmemBuffer is the xmem pointer to a linear array of font bitmaps.
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
glPrinf
unsigned long glFontCharAddr(fontInfo *pInfo,
char letter);
Returns the xmem address of the character from the specified font set.
PARAMETERS
*pInfo is the xmem address of the bitmap font set.
letter is an ASCII character.
RETURN VALUE
xmem address of bitmap character font, column major, and byte-aligned.
SEE ALSO
glPutFont, glPrintf
User’s Manual
97
void glPutFont(int x, int y, fontInfo *pInfo,
char code);
Puts an entry from the font table to the page buffer and on the LCD if the buffer is unlocked. Each font
character's bitmap is column major and byte-aligned. Any portion of the bitmap character that is outside
the LCD display area will be clipped.
PARAMETERS
x is the x coordinate (column) of the top left corner of the text.
y is the y coordinate (row) of the top left corner of the text.
*pInfo is a pointer to the font descriptor.
code is the ASCII character to display.
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
glFontCharAddr, glPrintf
void glSetPfStep(int stepX, int stepY);
Sets the glPrintf() printing step direction. The x and y step directions are independent signed values.
The actual step increments depend on the height and width of the font being displayed, which are multiplied by the step values.
PARAMETERS
stepX is the glPrintf x step value
stepY is the glPrintf y step value
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
Use glGetPfStep() to examine the current x and y printing step direction.
int glGetPfStep(void);
Gets the current glPrintf() printing step direction. Each step direction is independent of the other,
and is treated as an 8-bit signed value. The actual step increments depends on the height and width of the
font being displayed, which are multiplied by the step values.
RETURN VALUE
The x step is returned in the MSB, and the y step is returned in the LSB of the integer result.
SEE ALSO
Use glGetPfStep() to control the x and y printing step direction.
98
RabbitCore RCM3200
void glPutChar(char ch, char *ptr, int *cnt,
glPutCharInst *pInst)
Provides an interface between the STDIO string-handling functions and the graphic library. The
STDIO string-formatting function will call this function, one character at a time, until the entire formatted string has been parsed. Any portion of the bitmap character that is outside the LCD display area will
be clipped.
PARAMETERS
ch is the character to be displayed on the LCD.
*ptr is not used, but is a place holder for STDIO string functions.
*cnt is not used, is a place holder for STDIO string functions.
*pInst is a font descriptor pointer.
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
glPrintf, glPutFont, doprnt
void glPrintf(int x, int y, fontInfo *pInfo,
char *fmt, ...);
Prints a formatted string (much like printf) on the LCD screen. Only the character codes that exist in
the font set are printed, all others are skipped. For example, '\b', '\t', '\n' and '\r' (ASCII backspace, tab,
new line, and carriage return, respectively) will be printed if they exist in the font set, but will not have
any effect as control characters. Any portion of the bitmap character that is outside the LCD display area
will be clipped.
PARAMETERS
x is the x coordinate (column) of the top left corner of the text.
y is the y coordinate (row) of the top left corner of the text.
*pInfo is a font descriptor pointer.
*fmt is a formatted string.
... are formatted string conversion parameter(s).
EXAMPLE
glprintf(0,0, &fi12x16, "Test %d\n", count);
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
glXFontInit
User’s Manual
99
void glBuffLock(void);
Increments LCD screen locking counter. Graphic calls are recorded in the LCD memory buffer and are
not transferred to the LCD if the counter is non-zero.
NOTE: glBuffLock() and glBuffUnlock() can be nested up to a level of 255, but be
sure to balance the calls. It is not a requirement to use these procedures, but a set of
glBuffLock() and glBuffUnlock() bracketing a set of related graphic calls speeds
up the rendering significantly.
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
glBuffUnlock, glSwap
void glBuffUnlock(void);
Decrements the LCD screen locking counter. The contents of the LCD buffer are transferred to the LCD
if the counter goes to zero.
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
glBuffLock, glSwap
void glSwap(void);
Checks the LCD screen locking counter. The contents of the LCD buffer are transferred to the LCD if the
counter is zero.
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
glBuffUnlock, glBuffLock, _glSwapData (located in the library specifically for the LCD
that you are using)
void glSetBrushType(int type);
Sets the drawing method (or color) of pixels drawn by subsequent graphic calls.
PARAMETER
type value can be one of the following macros.
PIXBLACK draws black pixels.
PIXWHITE draws white pixels.
PIXXOR draws old pixel XOR'ed with the new pixel.
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
glGetBrushType
100
RabbitCore RCM3200
int glGetBrushType(void);
Gets the current method (or color) of pixels drawn by subsequent graphic calls.
RETURN VALUE
The current brush type.
SEE ALSO
glSetBrushType
void glPlotDot(int x, int y);
Draws a single pixel in the LCD buffer, and on the LCD if the buffer is unlocked. If the coordinates are
outside the LCD display area, the dot will not be plotted.
PARAMETERS
x is the x coordinate of the dot.
y is the y coordinate of the dot.
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
glPlotline, glPlotPolygon, glPlotCircle
void glPlotLine(int x0, int y0, int x1, int y1);
Draws a line in the LCD buffer, and on the LCD if the buffer is unlocked. Any portion of the line that is
beyond the LCD display area will be clipped.
PARAMETERS
x0 is the x coordinate of one endpoint of the line.
y0 is the y coordinate of one endpoint of the line.
x1 is the x coordinate of the other endpoint of the line.
y1 is the y coordinate of the other endpoint of the line.
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
glPlotDot, glPlotPolygon, glPlotCircle
User’s Manual
101
void glLeft1(int left, int top, int cols, int rows);
Scrolls byte-aligned window left one pixel, right column is filled by current pixel type (color).
PARAMETERS
left is the top left corner of bitmap, must be evenly divisible by 8, otherwise truncates.
top is the top left corner of the bitmap.
cols is the number of columns in the window, must be evenly divisible by 8, otherwise truncates.
rows is the number of rows in the window.
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
glHScroll, glRight1
void glRight1(int left, int top, int cols, int rows);
Scrolls byte-aligned window right one pixel, left column is filled by current pixel type (color).
PARAMETERS
left is the top left corner of bitmap, must be evenly divisible by 8, otherwise truncates.
top is the top left corner of the bitmap.
cols is the number of columns in the window, must be evenly divisible by 8, otherwise truncates.
rows is the number of rows in the window.
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
glHScroll, glLeft1
void glUp1(int left, int top, int cols, int rows);
Scrolls byte-aligned window up one pixel, bottom column is filled by current pixel type (color).
PARAMETERS
left is the top left corner of bitmap, must be evenly divisible by 8, otherwise truncates.
top is the top left corner of the bitmap.
cols is the number of columns in the window, must be evenly divisible by 8, otherwise truncates.
rows is the number of rows in the window.
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
glVScroll, glDown1
102
RabbitCore RCM3200
void glDown1(int left, int top, int cols, int rows);
Scrolls byte-aligned window down one pixel, top column is filled by current pixel type (color).
PARAMETERS
left is the top left corner of bitmap, must be evenly divisible by 8, otherwise truncates.
top is the top left corner of the bitmap.
cols is the number of columns in the window, must be evenly divisible by 8, otherwise truncates.
rows is the number of rows in the window.
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
glVScroll, glUp1
void glHScroll(int left, int top, int cols,
int rows, int nPix);
Scrolls right or left, within the defined window by x number of pixels. The opposite edge of the scrolled
window will be filled in with white pixels. The window must be byte-aligned.
Parameters will be verified for the following:
1. The left and cols parameters will be verified that they are evenly divisible by 8. If not, they will
be truncated to a value that is a multiple of 8.
2. Parameters will be checked to verify that the scrolling area is valid. The minimum scrolling area is
a width of 8 pixels and a height of one row.
PARAMETERS
left is the top left corner of bitmap, must be evenly divisible by 8.
top is the top left corner of the bitmap.
cols is the number of columns in the window, must be evenly divisible by 8.
rows is the number of rows in the window.
nPix is the number of pixels to scroll within the defined window (a negative value will produce a scroll
to the left).
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
glVScroll
User’s Manual
103
void glVScroll(int left, int top, int cols,
int rows, int nPix);
Scrolls up or down, within the defined window by x number of pixels. The opposite edge of the scrolled
window will be filled in with white pixels. The window must be byte-aligned.
Parameters will be verified for the following:
1. The left and cols parameters will be verified that they are evenly divisible by 8. If not, they will
be truncated to a value that is a multiple of 8.
2. Parameters will be checked to verify that the scrolling area is valid. The minimum scrolling area is
a width of 8 pixels and a height of one row.
PARAMETERS
left is the top left corner of bitmap, must be evenly divisible by 8.
top is the top left corner of the bitmap.
cols is the number of columns in the window, must be evenly divisible by 8.
rows is the number of rows in the window.
nPix is the number of pixels to scroll within the defined window (a negative value will produce a scroll
up).
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
glHScroll
void glXPutBitmap(int left, int top, int width,
int height, unsigned long bitmap);
Draws bitmap in the specified space. The data for the bitmap are stored in xmem. This function calls
glXPutFastmap automatically if the bitmap is byte-aligned (the left edge and the width are each
evenly divisible by 8).
Any portion of a bitmap image or character that is outside the LCD display area will be clipped.
PARAMETERS
left is the top left corner of the bitmap.
top is the top left corner of the bitmap.
width is the width of the bitmap.
height is the height of the bitmap.
bitmap is the address of the bitmap in xmem.
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
glXPutFastmap, glPrintf
104
RabbitCore RCM3200
void glXPutFastmap(int left, int top, int width,
int height, unsigned long bitmap);
Draws bitmap in the specified space. The data for the bitmap are stored in xmem. This function is like
glXPutBitmap, except that it is faster. The restriction is that the bitmap must be byte-aligned.
Any portion of a bitmap image or character that is outside the LCD display area will be clipped.
PARAMETERS
left is the top left corner of the bitmap, must be evenly divisible by 8, otherwise truncates.
top is the top left corner of the bitmap.
width is the width of the bitmap, must be evenly divisible by 8, otherwise truncates.
height is the height of the bitmap.
bitmap is the address of the bitmap in xmem.
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
glXPutBitmap, glPrintf
int TextWindowFrame(windowFrame *window,
fontInfo *pFont, int x, int y, int winWidth,
int winHeight)
Defines a text-only display window. This function provides a way to display characters within the text
window using only character row and column coordinates. The text window feature provides end-of-line
wrapping and clipping after the character in the last column and row is displayed.
NOTE: Execute the TextWindowFrame function before other Text... functions.
PARAMETERS
*window is a window frame descriptor pointer.
*pFont is a font descriptor pointer.
x is the x coordinate of where the text window frame is to start.
y is the y coordinate of where the text window frame is to start.
winWidth is the width of the text window frame.
winHeight is the height of the text window frame.
RETURN VALUE
0—window frame was successfully created.
-1—x coordinate + width has exceeded the display boundary.
-2—y coordinate + height has exceeded the display boundary.
User’s Manual
105
void TextGotoXY(windowFrame *window, int col,
int row);
Sets the cursor location on the display of where to display the next character. The display location is
based on the height and width of the character to be displayed.
NOTE: Execute the TextWindowFrame function before using this function.
PARAMETERS
*window is a pointer to a font descriptor.
col is a character column location.
row is a character row location.
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
TextPutChar, TextPrintf, TextWindowFrame
void TextCursorLocation(windowFrame *window,
int *col, int *row);
Gets the current cursor location that was set by a Graphic Text... function.
NOTE: Execute the TextWindowFrame function before using this function.
PARAMETERS
*window is a pointer to a font descriptor.
*col is a pointer to cursor column variable.
*row is a pointer to cursor row variable.
RETURN VALUE
Lower word = Cursor Row location
Upper word = Cursor Column location
SEE ALSO
TextGotoXY, TextPrintf, TextWindowFrame, TextCursorLocation
void TextPutChar(struct windowFrame *window, char ch);
Displays a character on the display where the cursor is currently pointing. If any portion of a bitmap
character is outside the LCD display area, the character will not be displayed.
NOTE: Execute the TextWindowFrame function before using this function.
PARAMETERS
*window is a pointer to a font descriptor.
ch is a character to be displayed on the LCD.
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
TextGotoXY, TextPrintf, TextWindowFrame, TextCursorLocation
106
RabbitCore RCM3200
void TextPrintf(struct windowFrame *window,
char *fmt, ...);
Prints a formatted string (much like printf) on the LCD screen. Only printable characters in the font
set are printed, also escape sequences, '\r' and '\n' are recognized. All other escape sequences will be
skipped over; for example, '\b' and 't' will print if they exist in the font set, but will not have any effect as
control characters.
The text window feature provides end-of-line wrapping and clipping after the character in the last column and row is displayed.
NOTE: Execute the TextWindowFrame function before using this function.
PARAMETERS
*window is a pointer to a font descriptor.
*fmt is a formatted string.
... are formatted string conversion parameter(s).
EXAMPLE
TextPrintf(&TextWindow, "Test %d\n", count);
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
TextGotoXY, TextPutChar, TextWindowFrame, TextCursorLocation
User’s Manual
107
C.7.4 Keypad
The functions used to control the keypad are contained in the Dynamic C LIB\KEYPADS\
KEYPAD7.LIB library.
void keyInit(void);
Initializes keypad process
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
brdInit
void keyConfig(char cRaw, char cPress,
char cRelease, char cCntHold, char cSpdLo,
char cCntLo, char cSpdHi);
Assigns each key with key press and release codes, and hold and repeat ticks for auto repeat and
debouncing.
PARAMETERS
cRaw is a raw key code index.
1x7 keypad matrix with raw key code index assignments (in brackets):
[0]
[1]
[4]
[2]
[5]
[3]
[6]
User Keypad Interface
cPress is a key press code
An 8-bit value is returned when a key is pressed.
0 = Unused.
See keypadDef() for default press codes.
cRelease is a key release code.
An 8-bit value is returned when a key is pressed.
0 = Unused.
cCntHold is a hold tick.
How long to hold before repeating.
0 = No Repeat.
cSpdLo is a low-speed repeat tick.
How many times to repeat.
0 = None.
cCntLo is a low-speed hold tick.
How long to hold before going to high-speed repeat.
0 = Slow Only.
108
RabbitCore RCM3200
cSpdHi is a high-speed repeat tick.
How many times to repeat after low speed repeat.
0 = None.
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
keyProcess, keyGet, keypadDef
void keyProcess(void);
Scans and processes keypad data for key assignment, debouncing, press and release, and repeat.
NOTE: This function is also able to process an 8 × 8 matrix keypad.
RETURN VALUE
None
SEE ALSO
keyConfig, keyGet, keypadDef
char keyGet(void);
Get next keypress
RETURN VALUE
The next keypress, or 0 if none
SEE ALSO
keyConfig, keyProcess, keypadDef
int keyUnget(char cKey);
Push keypress on top of input queue
PARAMETER
cKey
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
keyGet
User’s Manual
109
void keypadDef();
Configures the physical layout of the keypad with the desired ASCII return key codes.
Keypad physical mapping 1 × 7
0
4
1
['L']
5
2
['U']
['–']
6
['D']
3
['R']
['+']
['E']
where
'E' represents the ENTER key
'D' represents Down Scroll
'U' represents Up Scroll
'R' represents Right Scroll
'L' represents Left Scroll
Example: Do the followingfor the above physical vs. ASCII return key codes.
keyConfig
keyConfig
keyConfig
keyConfig
keyConfig
keyConfig
keyConfig
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
3,'R',0,
6,'E',0,
2,'D',0,
4,'-',0,
1,'U',0,
5,'+',0,
0,'L',0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
);
);
);
);
);
);
);
Characters are returned upon keypress with no repeat.
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
keyConfig, keyGet, keyProcess
void keyScan(char *pcKeys);
Writes "1" to each row and reads the value. The position of a keypress is indicated by a zero value in a bit
position.
PARAMETER
*pcKeys is the address of the value read.
RETURN VALUE
None.
SEE ALSO
keyConfig, keyGet, keypadDef, keyProcess
110
RabbitCore RCM3200
C.8 Sample Programs
Sample programs illustrating the use of the LCD/keypad module with the Prototyping
Board are provided in the SAMPLES\RCM3200 directory.
These sample programs use the external I/O bus on the Rabbit 3000 chip, and so the
#define PORTA_AUX_IO line is already included in the sample programs.
Each sample program has comments that describe the purpose and function of the program. Follow the instructions at the beginning of the sample program. To run a sample
program, open it with the File menu (if it is not still open), compile it using the Compile
menu, and then run it by selecting Run in the Run menu. The RCM3200 must be in
Program mode (see Section 4.3, “Serial Programming Cable”), and must be connected to
a PC using the programming cable as described in the RCM3200 Getting Started Manual.
More complete information on Dynamic C is provided in the Dynamic C User’s Manual.
The following sample programs are found in the SAMPLES\RCM3200\LCD_KEYPAD folder.
• KEYPADTOLED.C—This program demonstrates the use of the external I/O bus. The
program will light up an LED on the LCD/keypad module and will display a message
on the LCD when a key press is detected. The DS1 and DS2 LEDs on the Prototyping
Board will also light up.
• LCDKEYFUN.C—This program demonstrates how to draw primitive features from the
graphic library (lines, circles, polygons), and also demonstrates the keypad with the key
release option.
• SWITCHTOLED.C—This program demonstrates the use of the external I/O bus. The
program will light up an LED on the LCD/keypad module and will display a message
on the LCD when a switch press is detected. The DS1 and DS2 LEDs on the Prototyping Board will also light up.
User’s Manual
111
112
RabbitCore RCM3200
APPENDIX D. POWER SUPPLY
Appendix D provides information on the current requirements
of the RCM3200, and includes some background on the chip
select circuit used in power management.
D.1 Power Supplies
The RCM3200 requires a regulated 3.3 V ± 0.15 V DC power source. The RabbitCore
design presumes that the voltage regulator is on the user board, and that the power is made
available to the RCM3200 board through header J2.
An RCM3200 with no loading at the outputs operating at 29.4 MHz typically draws 145 mA.
The RCM3200 will consume an additional 10 mA when the programming cable is used to
connect the programming header, J3, to a PC.
D.1.1 Battery Backup
The RCM3200 does not have a battery, but there is provision for a customer-supplied battery to back up the data SRAM and keep the internal Rabbit 3000 real-time clock running.
Header J2, shown in Figure D-1, allows access to the external battery. This header makes
it possible to connect an external 3 V power supply. This allows the SRAM and the internal Rabbit 3000 real-time clock to retain data with the RCM3200 powered down.
External
Battery
J2
VRAM 29
30
VBAT_EXT
+3.3V
32
GND
31
Figure D-1. External Battery Connections
at Header J2
A lithium battery with a nominal voltage of 3 V and a minimum capacity of 165 mA·h is
recommended. A lithium battery is strongly recommended because of its nearly constant
nominal voltage over most of its life.
User’s Manual
113
The drain on the battery by the RCM3200 is typically 12 µA when no other power is supplied. If a 165 mA·h battery is used, the battery can last almost 2 years:
165 mA·h
------------------------ = 1.6 years.
12 µA
The actual life in your application will depend on the current drawn by components, not
on the RCM3200 and the storage capacity of the battery. The RCM3200 does not drain the
battery while it is powered up normally.
Cycle the main power off/on on the RCM3200 after you install a backup battery for the
first time, and whenever you replace the battery. This step will minimize the current drawn
by the real-time clock oscillator circuit from the backup battery should the RCM3200
experience a loss of main power.
NOTE: Remember to cycle the main power off/on any time the RCM3200 is removed
from the Protoyping Board or motherboard since that is where the backup battery
would be located.
Rabbit’s Technical Note TN235, External 32.768 kHz Oscillator Circuits, provides additional information about the current draw by the the real-time clock oscillator circuit.
D.1.2 Battery-Backup Circuit
Figure D-2 shows the battery-backup circuit.
VOSC
VRAM
External Battery
VBAT-EXT
D1
R34
R32
150 kW
100 W
R33
47 kW
C38
100 nF
C41
2.2 nF
Figure D-2. RCM3200 Backup Battery Circuit
The battery-backup circuit serves three purposes:
• It reduces the battery voltage to the SRAM and to the real-time clock, thereby limiting
the current consumed by the real-time clock and lengthening the battery life.
• It ensures that current can flow only out of the battery to prevent charging the battery.
• A voltage, VOSC, is supplied to U5, which keeps the 32.768 kHz oscillator working
when the voltage begins to drop.
114
RabbitCore RCM3200
D.1.3 Reset Generator
The RCM3200 uses a reset generator to reset the Rabbit 3000 microprocessor when the
voltage drops below the voltage necessary for reliable operation. The reset occurs between
2.85 V and 3.00 V, typically 2.93 V. The RCM3200 has a reset output, pin 1 on header J2.
D.2 Optional +5 V Output
The RCM3200 boards have an onboard charge pump that provides the +5 V needed by the
RealTek Ethernet chip.
User’s Manual
115
116
RabbitCore RCM3200
APPENDIX E. MOTOR CONTROL OPTION
The Prototyping Board has a header at J6 for a motor control option.
While Rabbit does not support this option at this time, this appendix
provides additional information about Parallel Port F on the Rabbit
3000 microprocessor to enable you to use this feature on the Prototyping Board for your needs.
E.1 Overview
The Parallel Port F connector on the Prototyping Board, J6, gives access to all 8 pins of
Parallel Port F, along with +5 V. This appendix describes the function of each pin, and the
ways they may be used for motion-control applications. It should be read in conjunction
with the Rabbit 3000 Microprocessor User’s Manual and the RCM3200 and the Prototyping Board schematics.
User’s Manual
117
E.2 Header J6
The connector is a 2 × 5, 0.1" pitch header suitable for connecting to an IDC header
socket, with the following pin allocations.
Table E-1. Prototyping Board Header J6 Pinout
Pin
Rabbit 3000
Primary Function
Alternate Function 1 Alternate Function 2
1
Parallel Port F, bit 0
General-purpose I/O port
Quadrature decoder 1 Q
SCLK_D
input
2
Parallel Port F, bit 1
General-purpose I/O port
Quadrature decoder 1 I
input
3
Parallel Port F, bit 2
General-purpose I/O port
Quadrature decoder 2 Q
input
4
Parallel Port F, bit 3
General-purpose I/O port
Quadrature decoder 2 I
input
5
Parallel Port F, bit 4
General-purpose I/O port PWM[0] output
Quadrature decoder 1 Q
input
6
Parallel Port F, bit 5
General-purpose I/O port PWM[1] output
Quadrature decoder 1 I
input
7
Parallel Port F, bit 6
General-purpose I/O port PWM[2] output
Quadrature decoder 2 Q
input
8
Parallel Port F, bit 7
General-purpose I/O port PWM[3] output
Quadrature decoder 2 I
input
9
+5 V
External buffer logic supply
10
0V
Common
SCLK_C
-
All Parallel Port F lines (pins 1 to 8) are pulled up internally to +3.3 V via 100 kΩ resistors. When used as outputs, the port pins will sink up to 6 mA at a VOL of 0.4 V max.
(0.2 V typ), and source up to 6 mA at a VOH of 2.2 V typ. When used as inputs, all pins
are 5 V tolerant.
As the outputs from Parallel Port F are compatible with 3.3 V logic, buffers may be
needed when the external circuit drive requirements exceed the 2.2 V typ logic high and/or
the 6 mA maximum from the Rabbit 3000. The +5 V supply output is provided for supplying interface logic. When used as inputs, the pins on header J6 do not require buffers
unless the input voltage will exceed the 5 V tolerance of the processor pins. Usually, a
simple resistive divider with catching diodes will suffice if higher voltage inputs are
required. If the outputs are configured for open-drain operation, they may be pulled up to
+5 V (while observing the maximum current, of course).
118
RabbitCore RCM3200
E.3 Using Parallel Port F
Parallel Port F is a byte-wide port with each bit programmable for data direction and drive.
These are simple inputs and outputs controlled and reported in the Port F Data Register.
As outputs, the bits of the port are buffered, with the data written to the Port F Data Register transferred to the output pins on a selected timing edge. The outputs of Timer A1,
Timer B1, or Timer B2 can be used for this function, with each nibble of the port having a
separate select field to control this timing. These inputs and outputs are also used for
access to other peripherals on the chip.
As outputs, Parallel Port F can carry the four Pulse Width Modulator outputs on PF4–PF 7
(J6, pins 5–8). As inputs, Parallel Port F can carry the inputs to the Quadrature Decoders
on PF0–PF3 (J6, pins 1–4). When Serial Port C or Serial Port D is used in clocked serial
mode, two pins of Port F (PF0 / J6:1 and PF1 / J6:2) are used to carry the serial clock signals. When the internal clock is selected in these serial ports, the corresponding bit of Parallel Port F is set as an output.
E.3.1 Parallel Port F Registers
Data Direction Register—PFDDR, address 00111111 (0x3F), write-only, default value on
reset 00000000. For each bit position, write a 1 to make the corresponding port line an
output, or 0 to produce an input.
Drive Control Register—PFDCR, address 00111110 (0x3E), Write-only, no default on
reset (port defaults to all inputs). Effective only if the corresponding port bits are set as
outputs, each bit set to 1 configures the corresponding port bit as open drain. Setting the
bit to 0 configures that output as active high or low.
Function Register—PFFR, address 00111101 (0x3D), Write-only, no default on reset.
This register sets the alternate output function assigned to each of the pins of the port.
When set to 0, the corresponding port pin functions normally as an output (if configured to
be an output in PFDDR). When set to 1, each bit sets the corresponding pin to have the
alternate output function as shown in the summary table at the end of this section.
Control Register—PFCR, address 00111100 (0x3C), Write-only, default on reset
xx00xx00. This register sets the transfer clock, which controls the timing of the outputs on
each nibble of the output ports to allow close synchronization with other events. The summary table at the end of this section shows the settings for this register. The default values
on reset transfer the output values on CLK/2.
Data Register—PFDR, address 00111000 (0x38), Read or Write, no default value on
reset. On read, the current state of the pins is reported. On write, the output buffer is written with the value for transfer to the output port register on the next rising edge of the
transfer clock, set in the PFCR.
User’s Manual
119
Table E-2. Parallel Port F Registers
Register Name
Port F Data Register
Mnemonic
PFDR
Bits
0:7
Port F Control Register
R/W
00111000 (0x38)
Value
Reset Value
R/W
xxxxxxxx
Description
Read
Current state of pins
Write
Port buffer. Value transferred to O/P register on next
rising edge of transfer clock.
PFCR
00111100 (0x3C)
Bits
0:1
I/O Address
Value
W only
xx00xx00
Description
00
Lower nibble transfer clock is CLK/2
01
Lower nibble transfer clock is Timer A1
10
Lower nibble transfer clock is Timer B1
11
Lower nibble transfer clock is Timer B2
2:3
xx
These bits are ignored
4:5
00
Upper nibble transfer clock is CLK/2
01
Upper nibble transfer clock is Timer A1
10
Upper nibble transfer clock is Timer B1
11
Upper nibble transfer clock is Timer B2
6:7
xx
These bits are ignored
Port F Function Register
PFFR
00111101 (0x3D)
Bits
Value
W
xxxxxxxx
Description
0:7
0
Corresponding port bits function normally
0
1
Bit 0 carries SCLK_D
1
1
Bit 1 carries SCLK_C
2:3
x
No effect
4
1
Bit 4 carries PWM[0] output
5
1
Bit 5 carries PWM[1] output
6
1
Bit 6 carries PWM[2] output
7
1
Bit 7 carries PWM[3] output
Port F Drive Control Register
PFDCR
00111110 (0x3E)
Bits
0:7
120
Value
W
xxxxxxxx
Description
0
Corresponding port bit is active high or low
1
Corresponding port bit is open drain
RabbitCore RCM3200
Table E-2. Parallel Port F Registers (continued)
Register Name
Port F Data Direction Register
Mnemonic
PFDDR
Bits
0:7
User’s Manual
Value
I/O Address
00111111 (0x3F)
R/W
W
Reset Value
00000000
Description
0
Corresponding port bit is an input
1
Corresponding port bit is an output
121
E.4 PWM Outputs
The Pulse-Width Modulator consists of a 10-bit free-running counter and four width registers. Each PWM output is high for n + 1 counts out of the 1024-clock count cycle, where n
is the value held in the width register. The PWM output high time can optionally be spread
throughout the cycle to reduce ripple on the externally filtered PWM output. The PWM is
clocked by the output of Timer A9. The spreading function is implemented by dividing
each 1024-clock cycle into four quadrants of 256 clocks each. Within each quadrant, the
Pulse-Width Modulator uses the eight MSBs of each pulse-width register to select the base
width in each of the quadrants. This is the equivalent to dividing the contents of the pulsewidth register by four and using this value in each quadrant. To get the exact high time, the
Pulse-Width Modulator uses the two LSBs of the pulse-width register to modify the high
time in each quadrant according to Table E-3 below. The “n/4” term is the base count, and
is formed from the eight MSBs of the pulse-width register.
Table E-3. PWM Outputs
Pulse Width LSBs
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
00
n/4 + 1
n/4
n/4
n/4
01
n/4 + 1
n/4
n/4 + 1
n/4
10
n/4 + 1
n/4 + 1
n/4 + 1
n/4
11
n/4 + 1
n/4 + 1
n/4 + 1
n/4 + 1
The diagram below shows a PWM output for several different width values for both
modes of operation. Operation in the spread mode reduces the filtering requirements on
the PWM output in most cases.
n=255, normal
n=255, spread
(256 counts)
(64 counts)
(64 counts)
(64 counts)
(64 counts)
n=256, spread
(65 counts)
(64 counts)
(64 counts )
(64 counts)
n=257, spread
(65 counts)
(64 counts )
(65 counts)
(64 counts)
n=258, spread
(65 counts)
(65 counts)
(65 counts)
(65 counts)
n=259, spread
n=259, normal
(65 counts)
(65 counts)
(64 counts)
(65 counts)
(260 counts)
Figure E-1. PWM Outputs for Various Normal and Spread Modes
122
RabbitCore RCM3200
E.5 PWM Registers
There are no default values on reset for any of the PWM registers.
Table E-4. PWM Registers
PWM LSBs
Register
PWL0R
10001000 (0x88)
PWL1R
10001010 (0x8A)
PWL2R
10001100 (0x8C)
PWL3R
10001110 (0x8E)
Bit(s)
7:6
Address
Value
Write
5:1
Description
The least significant two bits for the Pulse Width Modulator count are
stored
These bits are ignored.
0
PWM MSB x
Bit(s)
7:0
User’s Manual
0
PWM output High for single block.
1
Spread PWM output throughout the cycle
Register
Address
PWM0R
Address = 10001001 (0x89)
PWM1R
Address = 10001011 (0x8B)
PWM2R
Address = 10001101 (0x8D)
PWM3R
Address = 10001111 (0x8F)
Value
write
Description
The most significant eight bits for the Pulse-Width Modulator count
are stored
With a count of n, the PWM output will be high for n +1 clocks out of
the 1024 clocks of the PWM counter.
123
E.6 Quadrature Decoder
The two-channel Quadrature Decoder accepts inputs via Parallel Port F from two external
optical incremental encoder modules. Each channel of the Quadrature Decoder accepts an
in-phase (I) and a quadrature-phase (Q) signal, and provides 8-bit counters to track shaft
rotation and provide interrupts when the count goes through the zero count in either direction. The Quadrature Decoder contains digital filters on the inputs to prevent false counts
and is clocked by the output of Timer A10. Each Quadrature Decoder channel accepts
inputs from either the upper nibble or lower nibble of Parallel Port F. The I signal is input
on an odd-numbered port bit, while the Q signal is input on an even-numbered port bit.
There is also a disable selection, which is guaranteed not to generate a count increment or
decrement on either entering or exiting the disable state. The operation of the counter as a
function of the I and Q inputs is shown below.
I input
Q input
Counter 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 07 06 05 04 03 02 01 00 FF
Interrupt
Figure E-2. Operation of Quadrature Decoder Counter
The Quadrature Decoders are clocked by the output of Timer A10, giving a maximum
clock rate of one-half of the peripheral clock rate. The time constant of Timer A10 must be
fast enough to sample the inputs properly. Both the I and Q inputs go through a digital filter that rejects pulses shorter than two clock periods wide. In addition, the clock rate must
be high enough that transitions on the I and Q inputs are sampled in different clock cycles.
The Input Capture (see the Rabbit 3000 Microprocessor Users Manual) may be used to
measure the pulse width on the I inputs because they come from the odd-numbered port
bits. The operation of the digital filter is shown below.
Peri Clock
Timer A10
Rejected
Accepted
124
RabbitCore RCM3200
The Quadrature Decoder generates an interrupt when the counter increments from 0x00 to
0x01 or when the counter decrements from 0x00 to 0xFF. Note that the status bits in the
QDCSR are set coincident with the interrupt, and the interrupt (and status bits) are cleared
by reading the QDCSR.
Table E-5. Quadrature Decoder Registers
Register Name
Quad Decode Control/Status
Register
Mnemonic
QDCSR
Bit
7
(rd-only)
Value
Address
10010000 (0x90)
Description
0
Quadrature Decoder 2 did not increment from 0xFF.
1
Quadrature Decoder 2 incremented from 0xFF to
0x00. This bit is cleared by a read of this register.
0
Quadrature Decoder 2 did not decrement from 0x00.
1
Quadrature Decoder 2 decremented from 0x00 to
0xFF. This bit is cleared by a read of this register
5
0
This bit always reads as zero.
4
(wr-only)
0
No effect on the Quadrature Decoder 2.
1
Reset Quadrature Decoder 2 to 0x00, without
causing an interrupt.
0
Quadrature Decoder 1 did not increment from 0xFF.
1
Quadrature Decoder 1 incremented from 0xFF to
0x00. This bit is cleared by a read of this register.
0
Quadrature Decoder 1 did not decrement from 0x00.
1
Quadrature Decoder 1 decremented from 0x00 to
0xFF. This bit is cleared by a read of this register.
0
This bit always reads as zero.
6
(rd-only)
3
(rd-only)
2
(rd-only)
1
Bit
0
(wr-only)
User’s Manual
Value
Description
0
No effect on the Quadrature Decoder 1.
1
Reset Quadrature Decoder 1 to 0x00, without
causing an interrupt.
125
Table E-5. Quadrature Decoder Registers (continued)
Register Name
Quad Decode Control
Register
Mnemonic
QDCR
Bit
Value
Address
Address = 10010001 (0x91)
Description
0x
Disable Quadrature Decoder 2 inputs. Writing a new
value to these bits will not cause Quadrature
Decoder 2 to increment or decrement.
10
Quadrature Decoder 2 inputs from Port F bits 3 and
2.
11
Quadrature Decoder 2 inputs from Port F bits 7 and
6.
5:4
xx
These bits are ignored.
3:2
0x
Disable Quadrature Decoder 1 inputs. Writing a new
value to these bits will not cause Quadrature
Decoder 1 to increment or decrement.
10
Quadrature Decoder 1 inputs from Port F bits 1 and
0.
11
Quadrature Decoder 1 inputs from Port F bits 5 and
4.
0
Quadrature Decoder interrupts are disabled.
1
Quadrature Decoder interrupt use Interrupt Priority
1.
10
Quadrature Decoder interrupt use Interrupt Priority
2.
11
Quadrature Decoder interrupt use Interrupt Priority
3.
QDC1R
Address = 10010100 (0x94)
(QDC2R)
Address = 10010110 (0x96)
7:6
1:0
Quad Decode Count Register
Bit(s)
7:0
126
Value
read
Description
The current value of the Quadrature Decoder
counter is reported.
RabbitCore RCM3200
INDEX
A
battery backup
battery life ....................... 114
circuit .............................. 114
external battery connections ............................ 113
real-time clock ................ 114
reset generator ................. 115
use of battery-backed SRAM
....................................... 39
board initialization
function calls ..................... 41
brdInit ............................ 41
bus loading ............................ 63
dimensions
LCD/keypad module ......... 83
LCD/keypad template ....... 86
Prototyping Board ............. 75
RCM3200 .......................... 58
Dynamic C .............. 7, 9, 16, 37
add-on modules ............. 9, 42
installation ....................... 9
battery-backed SRAM ...... 39
protected variables ............ 39
Rabbit Embedded Security
Pack ...................... 7, 9, 42
sample programs ............... 20
standard features
debugging ...................... 38
telephone-based technical
support ...................... 7, 42
upgrades and patches ........ 42
USB port settings .............. 16
C
E
clock doubler ........................ 35
conformal coating ................. 68
connectivity interface kits
Connector Adapter Board ... 7
Connector Adapter Board ....... 7
Ethernet cables ...................... 43
Ethernet connections ....... 43, 45
10/100Base-T .................... 45
10/100Base-T Ethernet card
....................................... 43
additional resources .......... 55
direct connection ............... 45
Ethernet cables .................. 45
Ethernet hub ...................... 43
IP addresses ................. 45, 47
MAC addresses ................. 48
steps ............................ 43, 44
Ethernet port ......................... 31
pinout ................................ 31
exclusion zone ...................... 59
external I/O bus .................... 29
software ....................... 39, 92
additional information
online documentation .......... 7
B
D
Development Kit ..................... 9
AC adapter .......................... 6
DC power supply ................ 6
programming cable ............. 6
RCM3200 ............................ 6
Getting Started instructions .............................. 6
digital I/O .............................. 24
I/O buffer sourcing and
sinking limits ................ 67
memory interface .............. 29
SMODE0 .................... 29, 32
SMODE1 .................... 29, 32
User’s Manual
F
features
comparison with
RCM3209/RCM3229 ..... 4
Prototyping Board ....... 72, 73
H
hardware connections ........... 10
install RCM3200 on
Prototyping Board ........ 11
power supply ..................... 14
programming cable ........... 12
hardware reset ....................... 14
I
I/O address assignments
LCD/keypad module ......... 87
I/O buffer sourcing and sinking
limits ............................. 67
IP addresses .......................... 47
how to set in sample programs
....................................... 52
how to set PC IP address .. 53
J
jumper configurations
RCM3200 ......................... 69
JP2 (program execution
SRAM size) ................ 69
JP3 (flash memory size) 69
JP4 (flash memory bank
select) ................... 36, 69
JP5 (data SRAM size) ... 69
jumper locations ............ 69
K
keypad template .................... 86
removing and inserting label
....................................... 86
127
L
LCD/keypad module
bezel-mount installation ....89
dimensions .........................83
function calls
dispInit ...........................92
header pinout .....................87
I/O address assignments ....87
keypad
function calls
keyConfig .................108
keyGet .......................109
keyInit .......................108
keypadDef .................110
keyProcess ................109
keyScan .....................110
keyUnget ...................109
keypad template .................86
LCD display
function calls
glBackLight ................93
glBlankScreen .............94
glBlock .......................94
glBuffLock ...............100
glBuffUnlock ............100
glDispOnOff ...............93
glDown1 ...................103
glFillCircle ..................97
glFillPolygon ..............96
glFillScreen .................94
glFillVPolygon ...........96
glFontCharAddr ..........97
glGetBrushType .......101
glGetPfStep .................98
glHScroll ...................103
glInit ...........................93
glLeft1 ......................102
glPlotCircle .................96
glPlotDot ...................101
glPlotLine .................101
glPlotPolygon .............95
glPlotVPolygon ..........95
glPrintf ........................99
glPutChar ....................99
glPutFont ....................98
glRight1 ....................102
glSetBrushType ........100
glSetContrast ..............94
glSetPfStep .................98
glSwap ......................100
glUp1 ........................102
glVScroll ...................104
glXFontInit .................97
glXPutBitmap ...........104
128
glXPutFastmap .........105
TextCursorLocation ..106
TextGotoXY .............106
TextPrintf ..................107
TextPutChar ..............106
TextWindowFrame ...105
LEDs
function calls .................92
ledOut .........................92
mounting instructions ........88
remote cable connection ....91
removing and inserting keypad
label ...............................86
sample programs .............111
voltage settings ..................85
M
MAC addresses .....................48
motor control applications ....79
motor control option
quadrature decoder ..........124
mounting instructions
LCD/keypad module .........88
P
physical mounting .................62
pinout
Ethernet port ......................31
LCD/keypad module .........87
Prototyping Board .............77
RCM3200
alternate configurations .26
RCM3200 headers .............24
power supplies
+3.3 V ..............................113
battery backup .................113
optional +5 V output .......115
power supply
connections ........................14
Program Mode .......................33
switching modes ................33
programming cable .............117
PROG connector ...............33
RCM3200 connections ......12
programming port .................32
Prototyping Board .................72
adding RS-232 transceiver 78
dimensions .........................75
expansion area ...................73
features ........................72, 73
J6
pinout ...........................118
motor encoder connector pinout ...............................79
mounting RCM3200 ..........11
pinout .................................77
power supply .....................76
prototyping area ................77
specifications .....................76
use of parallel ports ...........80
PWM outputs ......................122
PWM registers .....................123
Q
quadrature decoder ..............124
quadrature decoder registers 125
R
Rabbit 3000
data and clock delays ........65
Parallel Port F Registers ..119
Parallel Port F registers ...120
PWM outputs ..................122
PWM registers .................123
quadrature decoder registers ...............................125
spectrum spreader time delays
.......................................65
Rabbit subsystems .................25
RCM3200
comparison with
RCM3209/RCM3229 ......4
mounting on Prototyping
Board .............................11
real-time clock
battery backup .................114
reset .......................................14
Run Mode ..............................33
switching modes ................33
S
sample programs ...................20
getting to know the RCM3200
CONTROLLED.C .........20
FLASHLED1.C .............20
FLASHLED2.C .............20
IR_DEMO.C ..................20
TOGGLESWITCH.C ....20
how to run TCP/IP sample
programs .................51, 52
how to set IP address .........52
LCD/keypad
KEYPADTOLED.C ....111
LCDKEYFUN.C .........111
SWITCHTOLED.C .....111
LCD/keypad module .......111
PONG.C ............................16
RabbitCore RCM3200
serial communication
FLOWCONTROL.C ..... 21
PARITY.C .................... 21
SIMPLE3WIRE.C ........ 21
SIMPLE485MASTER.C 22
SIMPLE485SLAVE.C .. 22
SIMPLE5WIRE.C ........ 21
SWITCHCHAR.C ........ 22
TCP/IP
BROWSELED.C .......... 54
DISPLAY_MAC.C ....... 48
ECHOCLIENT.C .......... 54
ECHOSERVER.C ......... 54
ENET_AD.C ................. 54
ENET_MENU.C ........... 55
MBOXDEMO.C ........... 55
PINGLED.C .................. 55
PINGME.C .................... 54
SMTP.C ........................ 55
serial communication ............ 30
drivers ............................... 40
libraries
PACKET.LIB ................ 40
RS232.LIB .................... 40
serial ports ............................. 30
Ethernet port ..................... 31
programming port ............. 32
software ................................... 7
digital I/O
I/O drivers ..................... 39
external I/O bus ................. 29
libraries
KEYPAD7.LIB ........... 108
LCD122KEY7.LIB ....... 92
RCM32xx.LIB .............. 40
User’s Manual
specifications ........................ 57
bus loading ........................ 63
digital I/O buffer sourcing and
sinking limits ................ 67
dimensions ........................ 58
electrical, mechanical, and environmental ................... 60
exclusion zone ................... 59
header footprint ................. 62
headers .............................. 61
LCD/keypad module
dimensions .................... 83
electrical ........................ 84
header footprint ............. 84
mechanical .................... 84
relative pin 1 locations .. 84
temperature ................... 84
physical mounting ............. 62
Prototyping Board ............. 76
Rabbit 3000 DC characteristics ................................. 66
Rabbit 3000 timing diagram .
64
relative pin 1 locations ...... 62
spectrum spreader ................. 65
subsystems
digital inputs and outputs .. 24
switching modes ................... 33
T
TCP/IP
software
libraries ......................... 40
TCP/IP drivers ...................... 40
TCP/IP primer ....................... 45
technical support ................... 17
troubleshooting
changing COM port .......... 16
connections ....................... 16
U
USB/serial port converter
Dynamic C settings ........... 16
user block
flash memory addresses .... 36
function calls
readUserBlock ............... 36
writeUserBlock ............. 36
129
130
RabbitCore RCM3200
SCHEMATICS
090-0152 RCM3200 Schematic
www.rabbit.com/documentation/schemat/090-0152.pdf
090-0137 Prototyping Board Schematic
www.rabbit.com/documentation/schemat/090-0137.pdf
090-0156 LCD/Keypad Module Schematic
www.rabbit.com/documentation/schemat/090-0156.pdf
090-0128 Programming Cable Schematic
www.rabbit.com/documentation/schemat/090-0128.pdf
You may use the URL information provided above to access the latest schematics directly.
User’s Manual
131
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