Runco RS-440LT DLP User Guide Manual Operating Instruction Pdf

Runco RS-440LT DLP User Guide Manual Operating Instruction Pdf
I NSTALLATION/ O PERATION M ANUAL
RS-440 Series
Digital Light ProcessingTM Projectors
RS-440
RS-440LT
RS-440LT/CineWide
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TWO YEAR LIMITED WARRANTY
For Projectors, Video Processors and Controllers
Congratulations on your purchase of a Runco video product and welcome to the Runco family! We believe Runco produces
“The World’s Finest Home Theater Products.” With proper installation, setup and care, you should enjoy many years of
unparalleled video performance.
This is a LIMITED WARRANTY as defined in the Magnuson-Moss Warranty Act. Please read it carefully and retain it with your
other important documents.
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WHAT IS COVERED UNDER THE TERMS OF THIS LIMITED WARRANTY:
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SERVICE LABOR: Runco will pay for service labor by a Runco Authorized Service Center when needed as a result of
manufacturing defect for a period of two (2) years from the effective date of delivery to the end user (excluding the lamp).
PARTS (not including the lamp): Runco will provide new or rebuilt replacement parts for the parts that fail due to defects in
materials or workmanship for a period of two (2) years from the effective date of delivery to the end user. Such replacement
parts are then subsequently warranted for the remaining portion (if any) of the original warranty period.
PROJECTOR LAMP: Runco will pay for service labor by a Runco Authorized Service Center when needed as a result of a
manufacturing defect for a period of six (6) months or 1000 hours, whichever comes first, from the effective date of delivery to
the end user. In addition, Runco will provide a new or rebuilt replacement lamp for the lamp that fails due to defects in materials
or workmanship for a period of six (6) months or 1000 hours, whichever comes first, from the effective date of delivery to the
end user. Such replacement lamps are then subsequently warranted for the remaining portion (if any) of the original warranty
period.
WHAT IS NOT COVERED UNDER THE TERMS OF THIS LIMITED WARRANTY:
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This Limited Warranty only covers failure due to defects in materials and workmanship that occur during normal use and does
not cover normal maintenance. This Limited Warranty does not cover cabinets or any appearance items; failure resulting from
accident, misuse, abuse, neglect, mishandling, misapplication, faulty or improper installation or setup adjustments; improper
maintenance, alteration, improper use of any input signal; damage due to lightning or power line surges, spikes and
brownouts; damage that occurs during shipping or transit; or damage that is attributed to acts of God. In the case of remote
control units, damage resulting from leaking, old, damaged or improper batteries is also excluded from coverage under this
Limited Warranty.
CAUTION: THIS LIMITED WARRANTY ONLY COVERS RUNCO PRODUCTS PURCHASED FROM RUNCO AUTHORIZED
DEALERS. ALL OTHER PRODUCTS ARE SPECIFICALLY EXCLUDED FROM COVERAGE UNDER THIS WARRANTY.
MOREOVER, DAMAGE RESULTING DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY FROM IMPROPER INSTALLATION OR SETUP IS
SPECIFICALLY EXCLUDED FROM COVERAGE UNDER THIS LIMITED WARRANTY. IT IS IMPERATIVE THAT INSTALLATION
AND SETUP WORK BE PERFORMED ONLY BY AN AUTHORIZED RUNCO DEALER TO PROTECT YOUR RIGHTS UNDER
THIS WARRANTY. THIS WILL ALSO ENSURE THAT YOU ENJOY THE FINE PERFORMANCE OF WHICH YOUR RUNCO
PRODUCT IS CAPABLE WHEN INSTALLED AND CALIBRATED BY RUNCO AUTHORIZED PERSONNEL.
RIGHTS, LIMITS AND EXCLUSIONS:
Runco limits its obligations under any implied warranties under state laws to a period not to exceed the warranty period. There
are no express warranties. Runco also excludes any obligation on its part for incidental or consequential damages related to
the failure of this product to function properly. Some states do not allow limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, and
some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages. So the above limitations or
exclusions may not apply to you. This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights that vary from
state to state.
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EFFECTIVE WARRANTY DATE:
This warranty begins on the effective date of delivery to the end user. For your convenience, keep the original bill of sale as
evidence of the purchase date.
IMPORTANT – WARRANTY REGISTRATION:
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Please fill out and mail your warranty registration card. It is imperative that Runco knows how to reach you promptly if we
should discover a safety problem or product update for which you must be notified.
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CONTACT A RUNCO AUTHORIZED SERVICE CENTER TO OBTAIN SERVICE:
Repairs made under the terms of this Limited Warranty covering your Runco video product will be performed at the location of
the product, during usual working hours, providing location of product is within normal operating distance from a Runco
Authorized Service Center. In some instances it may be necessary for the product to be returned to the Runco factory for
repairs. If, solely in Runco’s judgment, location of product to be repaired is beyond normal operating distance of the closest
Runco Authorized Service Center, or the repair requires the unit be returned to the Runco factory, it is the owner’s
responsibility to arrange for shipment of the product for repair. These arrangements must be made through the selling Runco
Dealer. If this is not possible, contact Runco directly for a Return Authorization number and shipping instructions. Runco will
return product transportation prepaid in the United States, unless no product defect is discovered. In that instance, shipping
costs will be the responsibility of the owner.
COPYRIGHT AND TRADEMARKS:
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© Copyright 2008 Runco International. This document contains proprietary information protected by copyright, trademark and
other intellectual property laws. All rights are reserved. No part of this manual may be reproduced by any mechanical,
electronic or other means, in any form, without prior written permission of the manufacturer.
Reflection, Enhanced GEN3, DHD, Vivix, Virtual Cinema, CineWide, AutoScope, O-Path, CinOptx, LiveLink, CSMS, SuperOnyx
and VirtualWide are trademarks of Runco International. All other trademarks and registered trademarks used in this document
are the property of their respective owners.
Runco International products are manufactured under one or more of the following patents: US. Patent 6755540 and Other
Patents Pending.
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Runco RS-440 Installation/Operation Manual
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:
To locate the name and address of the nearest Runco Authorized Service Center, or for additional information about this
Limited Warranty, please call or write:
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RUNCO INTERNATIONAL, INC.
Attn: Customer Service Department
2900 Faber Street
Union City, CA 94587
Ph: (510) 324-7777
Fax: (510) 324-9300
Toll Free: (800) 23-RUNCO
RUNCO VIDEO-PRODUCT INFORMATION
RETAIN THIS INFORMATION FOR YOUR RECORDS
_________________________________________________________
________________________________________
Model Purchased
Date
Serial Number
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____________________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Runco Authorized Dealer Name
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Address
____________________________________________
__________________
________________________
City
State/Province
Postal Code
____________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
Phone
Fax
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Important Safety Instructions
Thank you for your purchase of this quality Runco video projector! It has been designed to provide you with the quality of video
that is expected in a home theater. For the best performance, please read this manual carefully as it is your guide through the
menus and operation.
1. Read these instructions.
2. Keep these instructions.
3. Heed all warnings.
4. Follow all instructions.
This symbol is intended to alert the user to the presence of
important operating and maintenance (servicing) instructions in the
literature accompanying the appliance.
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CAUTION:
TO REDUCE THE RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK
DO NOT REMOVE COVER (OR BACK)
NO USER SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE.
REFER SERVICING TO QUALIFIED
SERVICE PERSONNEL.
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CAUTION
RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK
DO NOT OPEN
WARNING
This symbol is intended to alert the user to the presence of
uninsulated “dangerous voltage” within the product’s enclosure
that may be of sufficient magnitude to constitute a risk of electric
shock.
5. Do not use this apparatus near water.
6. Clean only with a dry cloth.
7. Do not block any of the ventilation openings. Install in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
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8. Do not install near any heat sources such as radiators, heat registers, stoves, or other apparatus (including amplifiers) that
produce heat.
9. Do not defeat the safety purpose of the polarized or grounding type plug. A polarized plug has two blades with one wider
than the other. A grounding type plug has two blades and a third grounding prong. The wide blade or the third prong is
provided for your safety. When the provided plug does not fit into your outlet, consult an electrician for the replacement of
the obsolete outlet.
10. Protect the power cord from being walked on or pinched particularly at plugs, convenience receptacles and the point
where they exit from the apparatus.
11. Only use the attachments/accessories specified by Runco.
12. Use only with a cart, stand, tripod, bracket or table specified by the manufacturer or sold with the apparatus.
When a cart is used, use caution when moving the cart/apparatus to avoid injury from tip-over.
13. Unplug this apparatus during lightning storms or when unused for long periods of time.
14. Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel. Servicing is required when the apparatus has been damaged in
any way, such as power supply cord or plug is damaged, liquid has been spilled or objects have fallen into the apparatus,
the apparatus has been exposed to rain or moisture, does not operate normally, or has been dropped.
15. The +12V trigger only outputs 12Vdc signal for triggering. Do not connect to any other power input or output. This could
cause damage to this unit.
16. Keep the packing material in case the equipment should ever need to be shipped.
17. The lamp becomes extremely hot during operation. Allow the projector to cool down for approximately 45 minutes prior to
removing the lamp assembly for replacement.
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18. Do not operate lamps beyond the rated lamp life. Excessive operation of lamps beyond rated life could cause them to
explode in rare occasions.
19. Never look directly into the lens when the lamp is on.
Compliance Information
DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY:
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Manufacturer’s Address: 2900 Faber Street, Union City, CA 94587
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Manufacturer’s Name: Runco International, a subsidiary of Planar Systems, Inc.
hereby declares that the products Model Numbers:
RS-440, RS-440LT and RS-440LT/CineWide
conform with the provisions of:
Council Directive 2004/108/EC on Electromagnetic Compatibility;
EN 55022 “Limits and methods of measurements of radio interference characteristics of information technology equipment”
1998;
EN 55024 “Limits and methods of measurements of immunity characteristics of information technology equipment” 1998;
Including:
• EN 61000-4-2 “Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques Section 2:
Electrostatic discharge immunity test”
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• EN 61000-4-3 “Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques Section 3: Radiated,
Radio-Frequency, Electromagnetic Field Immunity Test”
• EN 61000-4-4 “Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques Section 4: Electrical
fast transient/burst immunity test”
• EN 61000-4-5 "Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques Section 5: Surge
immunity test"
• EN 61000-4-6 "Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques Section 6: Conducted
disturbances induced by radio-frequency fields immunity test"
• EN 61000-4-8 "Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques Section 8: Conducted
disturbances induced by power frequency magnetic fields immunity test"
• EN 61000-4-11 "Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques Section 11: Voltage
dips, short interruptions and voltage variations immunity tests"
And:
• EN 61000-3-2 "Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 3, Section 2: Limits for harmonic current emissions (equipment
input current up to and including 16 A per phase)" 2000;
• EN 61000-3-3 "Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 3, Section 3: Limitations of voltage changes, voltage
fluctuations and flicker in public low-voltage supply systems, for equipment with rated current up to and including 16 A
and not subject to conditional connection" 1995;
Council Directive 2006/95/EC and amended by M1 and C1 on Low Voltage Equipment Safety;
EN 60950 “Safety of information technology equipment, including electrical business equipment”
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The Technical Construction file required by this Directive is maintained at the corporate headquarters of Planar Systems, Inc.,
1195 NW Compton Drive, Beaverton, OR 97006.
Date of Declaration: January 2008
FCC PART 15:
NOTE: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of
the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential
installation.
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This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not
occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be
determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the
following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
INDUSTRY CANADA (ICES-003):
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.
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PRODUCT DISPOSAL
This projector utilizes a tin-lead solder, UHP Lamp containing a small amount of mercury. Disposal of these materials may be
regulated due to environmental considerations.
IMPORTANT RECYCLE INSTRUCTIONS
Lamp(s) inside this product contain mercury. This product may contain other electronic waste that can be
hazardous if not disposed of properly. Recycle or dispose in accordance with local, state, or federal Laws.
For more information, contact the Electronic Industries Alliance at WWW.EIAE.ORG.
For lamp specific disposal information check WWW.LAMPRECYCLE.ORG.
DISPOSAL OF OLD ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT (Applicable throughout the European
Union and other European countries with separate collection programs)
This symbol found on your product or on its packaging, indicates that this product should not be treated as
household waste when you wish to dispose of it. Instead, it should be handed over to an applicable collection
point for the recycling of electrical and electronic equipment. By ensuring this product is disposed of correctly,
you will help prevent potential negative consequences to the environment and human health, which could
otherwise be caused by inappropriate disposal of this product. The recycling of materials will help to conserve
natural resources. This symbol is only valid in the European Union. If you wish to discard this product, please
contact your local authorities or dealer and ask for the correct method of disposal.
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Runco RS-440 Installation/Operation Manual
1
Table of Contents
TWO YEAR LIMITED WARRANTY ................................................................................. iii
Important Safety Instructions ........................................................................................ vi
Compliance Information ............................................................................................... vii
1. Introduction ...............................................................................................................1
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About This Manual .......................................................................................................1
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Target Audience .....................................................................................................1
If You Have Comments About This Manual... ..........................................................1
Textual and Graphic Conventions ...........................................................................1
Using This Manual ........................................................................................................2
Description, Features and Benefits ...............................................................................3
Key Features and Benefits ......................................................................................4
Parts List ................................................................................................................4
2. Controls and Functions ............................................................................................5
RS-440 at a Glance ......................................................................................................5
RS-440 Rear Panel ......................................................................................................6
RS-440 Remote Control ...............................................................................................8
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3. Installation ...............................................................................................................11
Remote Control ..........................................................................................................11
Notes on Batteries ................................................................................................11
Notes on Remote Control Operation .....................................................................12
Quick Setup ...............................................................................................................13
Installation Considerations ..........................................................................................14
Installation Type ....................................................................................................14
Ambient Light .......................................................................................................14
Throw Distance.....................................................................................................15
Vertical and Horizontal Position.............................................................................16
Vertical and Horizontal Lens Shift..........................................................................17
Folded Optics .......................................................................................................19
Other Considerations ............................................................................................20
Installing the Optional CineWide Lens Base Plate .......................................................20
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Table of Contents
Mounting the RS-440 .................................................................................................22
Floor Mounting (Upright) .......................................................................................22
Ceiling Mounting (Inverted)....................................................................................22
Adjusting the Projector Height or Projection Angle ................................................22
Connections to the RS-440 ........................................................................................23
Connector Panel Access.......................................................................................23
Connecting Source Components to the RS-440 ...................................................23
RS-232 Controller Connection ..............................................................................28
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Connecting 12-Volt Trigger Output to External Theater Equipment .......................29
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Turning on the Power .................................................................................................29
Changing the OSD Language .....................................................................................30
Adjusting the Picture Orientation ................................................................................30
Primary Lens Adjustments ..........................................................................................31
Focus and Zoom ..................................................................................................31
Shift .....................................................................................................................32
Installing and Adjusting the CineWide Anamorphic Lens .............................................33
4. Operation .................................................................................................................37
Using the On-Screen Menus ......................................................................................37
Main Menu............................................................................................................38
Source Select .......................................................................................................39
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Picture Adjust .......................................................................................................39
Aspect Ratio .........................................................................................................44
Installation.............................................................................................................47
Information ...........................................................................................................50
Setup....................................................................................................................51
ISF........................................................................................................................52
5. Maintenance and Troubleshooting ........................................................................55
Cleaning the Projector ................................................................................................55
Cleaning the Lens ......................................................................................................55
Cleaning the Intake and Exhaust Vents .......................................................................56
Lamp Maintenance .....................................................................................................56
Lamp Cautions ...........................................................................................................57
Lamp Replacement ....................................................................................................58
Troubleshooting Tips ..................................................................................................59
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Table of Contents
6. Serial Communications ..........................................................................................61
RS-232 Connection and Port Configuration ...............................................................61
Serial Command Syntax .............................................................................................61
7. Specifications ..........................................................................................................63
RS-440 Specifications ................................................................................................63
RS-440 Dimensions ...................................................................................................65
RS-440LT Dimensions ...............................................................................................66
Computer Signal Compatibility ...................................................................................67
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Video Signal Compatibility ..........................................................................................68
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Table of Contents
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Notes:
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1
List of Figures
2-1. RS-440 Front/Side/Top View........................................................................................5
2-2. RS-440 Rear Panel.......................................................................................................6
2-3. RS-440 Remote Control ...............................................................................................8
3-1. Available Range of the Remote Control ......................................................................12
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3-2. Estimating Throw Distance .........................................................................................15
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3-3. Projector Placement ...................................................................................................16
3-4. Vertical Lens Shift (Example only) ...............................................................................17
3-5. Horizontal Lens Shift (Example only) ...........................................................................18
3-6. Folded Optics.............................................................................................................19
3-7. RS-440LT/CineWide with Lens Base Plate and Ceiling Mounting Plate Exploded View ...........................................................................................................21
3-8. Adjusting the Feet ......................................................................................................22
3-9. HDMI/DVI Source Connections ..................................................................................24
3-10. RGB Connections ....................................................................................................25
3-11. Component Video Connections................................................................................26
3-12. Composite and S-Video Connections.......................................................................27
3-13. RS-232 Control System Connection.........................................................................28
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3-14. Connecting the 12-Volt Trigger Output to Other Equipment......................................29
3-15. Focus and Zoom Controls ........................................................................................31
3-16. Vertical and Horizontal Lens Shift Controls ...............................................................32
3-17. Anamorphic Lens Mounting Assembly - Exploded View ...........................................33
4-1. RS-440 OSD Menu Structure .....................................................................................38
4-2. Typical PLUGE Pattern for Adjusting Brightness .........................................................40
4-3. Typical Gray Bar Pattern for Adjusting Contrast ..........................................................40
4-4. Typical Color Bar Pattern for Adjusting Color Saturation and Tint................................41
4-5. Typical Test Pattern for Adjusting Sharpness..............................................................42
4-6. Keystone Correction...................................................................................................48
4-7. Overscan Examples....................................................................................................49
7-1. RS-440 Dimensions ...................................................................................................65
7-2. RS-440LT Dimensions ...............................................................................................66
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List of Figures
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Notes:
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Runco RS-440 Installation/Operation Manual
1. Introduction
This Owner’s Manual describes how to install, set up and operate a Runco RS-440 Series
Digital Light Processing (DLP™) Projector. This product family consists of three models:
1.1
About This Manual
• RS-440
• RS-440LT (Long-Throw)
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• RS-440LT/CineWide
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Throughout this manual, all three projectors are referred to collectively as the “RS-440.”
The information in this manual applies to all three projectors except where otherwise
indicated.
Runco has prepared this manual to help home theater installers and end users get the
most out of the RS-440.
Target Audience
Runco has made every effort to ensure that this manual is accurate as of the date it was
printed. However, because of ongoing product improvements and customer feedback, it
may require updating from time to time. You can always find the latest version of this and
other Runco product manuals on-line, at www.Runco.com.
Runco welcomes your comments about this manual. Send them to [email protected]
If You Have Comments
About This Manual...
Text Conventions: The following conventions are used in this manual, in order to clarify
the information and instructions provided:
Textual and Graphic
Conventions
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• Remote and built-in keypad button identifiers are set in upper-case bold type; for
example, “Press EXIT to return to the previous menu.”
• Computer input (commands you type) and output (responses that appear on-screen) is
shown in monospace (fixed-width) type; for example: “To change the aspect ratio to
Letterbox, type RRD02.”
• All keys with functional names are initial-capped, set in bold type and enclosed in angle
brackets. These keys are the following: <Enter>, <Spacebar>, <Control>,
<Esc> and <Tab>.
• <Enter> indicates that you may press either the RETURN or ENTER key on your
keyboard if it has both keys.
In addition to these conventions, underlining, boldface and/or italics are occasionally used
to highlight important information, as in this example:
Note
A carriage return must be used after each command or string.
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Introduction
Graphic Conventions: These symbols appear in numerous places throughout the
manual, to emphasize points that you must keep in mind to avoid problems with your
equipment or injury:
Note
NOTES emphasize text with unusual importance or special
significance. They also provide supplemental information.
Caution
CAUTIONS alert users that a given action or omitted action can
degrade performance or cause a malfunction.
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TIPS highlight time-saving short cuts and helpful guidelines for using
certain features.
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1.2
Using This Manual
Tip
WARNING
WARNINGS appear when a given action or omitted action can result
in damage to the equipment, or possible non-fatal injury to the user.
DANGER!
DANGER appears when a given action can cause severe injury or
death.
Use the following table to locate the specific information you need in this manual.
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If you need...
... Turn to page:
Information about obtaining service
iv
General information about the RS-440 DLP Projector
3
Installation instructions
11
First-time configuration instructions
30
Advanced configuration instructions
51
Troubleshooting tips
59
Specifications for the RS-440 DLP Projector
63
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Runco RS-440 Installation/Operation Manual
Introduction
The Runco RS-440 DLP Projector combines a highly efficient optical light engine with
broad installation and integration options.
Runco has implemented a host of advancements into the projector’s light engine to take
full advantage of its widescreen, high-definition SuperOnyx™ Digital Micromirror Device
(DMD™) chip. The RS-440 features Enhanced GEN 3™ technology to produce deeper
blacks, greater contrast ratio and brightness, and richly saturated colors.
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Among the RS-440’s features are a sophisticated color-balancing system that results in
the industry’s best gray scale tracking, and far surpasses the capabilities of CRT
projectors. Accurate gray scale reproduction is vital to vibrant, true-to-life color
reproduction, as well as superior black level and white level performance. Runco’s
acclaimed Vivix™ video processing and scaling assure pristine video imagery, while the
RS-440’s generous light output capability is powerful enough to handle screens as large
as 96 inches wide with ease.
The RS-440 features a 16:9 aspect ratio resolution of 1280 x 720. It provides an HDMI
input for pure digital video signal transmission. In addition, the projector’s broad lens shift
capability, variable throw distance, and electronic horizontal and vertical keystone
correction allow for flexible placement within virtually any theater environment. Discrete IR
and/or serial control makes it simple to partner the RS-440 with other audio/video
components and automated control systems for a truly high-end, home cinema system.
For uncompromising widescreen reproduction of movies originally filmed in the “scope”
(2.35:1) format, the RS-440 can be equipped with Runco’s patent-pending CineWide™
technology, a combination of software, electronics and high-quality anamorphic optics.
CineWide maintains constant vertical height on the screen just as in a movie theater.
When a viewer transitions from 1.78:1 (16:9) program material to 2.35:1, the image simply
gets wider while full height is maintained.
CineWide requires the use of a 2.35:1 or similar aspect ratio superwide
format screen.
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Note
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1.3
Description, Features
and Benefits
Introduction
Key Features and Benefits ➤
The RS-440 offers these key features and benefits:
• Native Resolution: 1280 x 720
• High-performance Digital Light Processing (DLP™) engine
• HDMI Input with High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection (HDCP)
• HDTV Compatible
• Brilliant Color™ provides enhanced primary and secondary color processing for more
lifelike images
Parts List ➤
Your RS-440 is shipped with the following items. If any items are missing or damaged,
please contact your Runco dealer or Runco Customer Service at (800) 23-RUNCO.
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• RS-440 DLP Projector
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• Remote Control Unit and two (2), AAA-size batteries
• AC Power Cord (by country)
• HDMI to HDMI Cable
• Serial Communication Cable (D-sub 9-pin female to Mini-DIN 9-pin male),
5.9 in. (15 cm)
• Warranty information and registration card
• Runco RS-440 Installation/Operation Manual (this document)
Optional Accessories:
• CineWide™ technology (fixed, secondary anamorphic lens)
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• Ceiling mount kit (part number 956-0092-00)
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2. Controls and Functions
2.1
RS-440 at a Glance
Figure 2-1 shows the locations of key RS-440 components.
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Figure 2-1. RS-440 Front/Side/Top View
1. TOP IR SENSOR
2. VERTICAL LENS SHIFT DIAL
Shifts the image up or down.
3. INTAKE VENT
4. ADJUSTABLE FEET
Use to adjust the height or projection angle.
5. RUNCO LOGO
The logo can be rotated to match the projector orientation: inverted (ceiling-mounted)
or upright. To rotate the logo, grip it at the sides, pull it away from the projector and
rotate it 180 degrees.
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Controls and Functions
6. FRONT IR SENSOR
7. ZOOM/FOCUS RING
Use this to change the projected image size or focus the image.
8. EXHAUST VENT
9. HORIZONTAL LENS SHIFT DIAL
Shifts the image left or right.
10. TEMPERATURE INDICATOR
Flashes blue when the projector is overheated.
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11. POWER/STANDBY INDICATOR
Indicates power status as follows:
• Lights solid blue when the projector is in standby mode
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• Off during normal operation
• Flashes blue after the projector is turned off to indicate that the lamp is cooling down
2.2
RS-440 Rear Panel
Figure 2-2 shows the RS-440 rear panel.
3
2
4
5
6
7
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1
8
Figure 2-2. RS-440 Rear Panel
1. 12-VOLT (250 mA) TRIGGER OUTPUT (3.5-mm mini phono jack; Tip = +12V;
Sleeve = Ground)
Connection for a retractable screen, screen mask or other, 12-volt trigger-activated
device.
2. RS-232 CONTROL PORT
A female, 9-pin mini-DIN connector for interfacing with a PC or home theater
automation/control system.
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Controls and Functions
3. COMPOSITE VIDEO INPUT
Standard composite video input for connecting a VCR, laser disc player or other
composite video source.
4. S-VIDEO
A standard S-Video input for connecting a DVD player, satellite receiver or Super VHS
(S-VHS) VCR.
5. HDMI
HDCP-compliant digital video input for connecting a DVD player or HD tuner with a
DVI or HDMI output.
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6. DVI-I (Analog/Digital)
Accepts either an HDCP-compliant, digital video input (DVI-D) or an RGB PC signal
from a personal computer (DVI-A).
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7. COMPONENT VIDEO (RCA connectors)
Standard- or high-definition (480i/480p/576i/576p/720p/1080i/1080p) Component
(YPrPb) input for connecting a DVD/HD-DVD/BD player, HD set-top box or other
SD/HD source.
For best results, do not run your DVD player in progressive mode.
Tip
PR
8. POWER INPUT (100 to 240 VAC)
Connect the RS-440 to power here.
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Controls and Functions
2.3
RS-440 Remote
Control
Figure 2-3 shows the RS-440 remote control, and the paragraphs that follow describe its
functionality.
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1
4
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3
7
5
6
8
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9
10
12
11
Figure 2-3. RS-440 Remote Control
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Controls and Functions
1. IR OUTPUT INDICATOR
Lights when a button is pressed to indicate that an IR signal is being transmitted.
2. ON / OFF
Use these buttons to turn the projector on or off.
3. Cursor Keys ( , , , )
Use these buttons to select items or settings, adjust settings or switch display
patterns.
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4. ENTER
Press to select a highlighted menu item or confirm a changed setting.
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When no menus are present on-screen, the UP and DOWN buttons toggle through
the available aspect ratios. Likewise, the LEFT and RIGHT buttons toggle through the
available source inputs.
5. EXIT
Press to exit the current menu and return to the previous one.
6. LIGHT
Press to illuminate the remote control buttons.
7. MENU
Press this button to show or hide the on-screen display (OSD) controls.
8. Source Selection Buttons:
VIDEO
Press to switch to the Composite video input.
S-VIDEO
Press to switch to the S-Video input.
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COMP
Press to switch to the Component (480i/480p/576i/576p/720p/1080i/1080p) video
input.
DVI-A
Press to switch to the DVI-A input.
DVI-D
Press to switch to the DVI-D input.
HDMI
Press to switch to the HDMI input.
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Controls and Functions
9. Aspect Ratio Selection Buttons
Use these buttons to select an aspect ratio directly, as follows:
16:9
For viewing 16:9 DVDs or HDTV programs in their native aspect ratio.
4:3
Scales the input signal to fit 4:3 display mode in the center of the screen.
LETBOX (Letterbox)
For viewing LaserDisc movies or non-anamorphic DVDs on a 16:9 screen.
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V-WIDE (VirtualWide)
Enlarges a 4:3 image horizontally in a NON-linear fashion to fit 16:9 full screen display.
CINEMA
For viewing 2.35:1 source material.
V-CINE (Virtual Cinema – RS-440LT/CineWide only)
Selects the Virtual Cinema aspect ratio, used for viewing 16:9 source material on a
2.35:1 screen.
Memory Preset Buttons:
10. ISF NIGHT
Press to recall settings for the current input from the “ISF Night” memory preset.
11. ISF DAY
Press to recall settings for the current input from the “ISF Day” memory preset.
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12. CUST
Press to recall settings for the current input from the “Custom” memory preset.
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3. Installation
3.1
Remote Control
To install batteries in the remote control:
Y
1. Press down the tab on the cover and pull
the cover in the direction of the arrow.
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2. Insert the included batteries. Ensure that
the polarities correctly match the
and
markings inside the battery
compartment.
3. Insert the lower tab of the cover into the
opening, and press down the cover until it
clicks in place.
• Make sure that the battery polarities are correct when installing the batteries.
• Do not mix an old battery with a new one or different types of batteries.
PR
• If you will not use the remote control for a long time, remove the batteries to avoid
damage from battery leakage.
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Notes on Batteries
Installation
The remote control can be used to control the projector within the ranges shown in Figure
3-1.
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Notes on Remote Control ➤
Operation
Figure 3-1. Available Range of the Remote Control
PR
Note
The signal from the remote control can be reflected by the screen
or other surfaces.
• For best results, hold the remote control within 23 feet (7m) of the back or top sensor
and aligned within 30°.
• Do not drop the remote control or expose it to moisture or high temperature.
• The remote control may malfunction under a fluorescent lamp. If that occurs, move the
projector away from the fluorescent lamp.
• Make sure that there is nothing obstructing the infrared beam between the remote
control and the IR receiver on the projector.
• If the effective range of the remote control decreases, or it stops working, replace the
batteries with new ones.
• Ambient conditions may possibly impede the operation of the remote control. If this
happens, point the remote control at the projector, and repeat the operation.
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Runco RS-440 Installation/Operation Manual
Installation
Table 3-1 gives a quick overview of the RS-440 installation process. The sections
following this one provide detailed instructions.
Note
Installation should be performed by a qualified custom video
installation specialist.
Table 3-1. Installation Overview
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For Details, Refer to
page...
Procedure
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Step
Choose a location for the projector
14
2
If installing an RS-440LT/CineWide: Install CineWide
lens base plate (optional)
20
3
Mount the projector
22
4
Connect signal sources to the RS-440
23
5
Connect external controller to RS-232 port (optional)
28
6
Connect 12-volt trigger output to retractable screen or
other, 12-volt trigger-activated equipment (optional)
29
7
Apply power to the projector
29
8
Change the OSD Language (optional)
30
9
For rear-screen and/or ceiling-mount installations, select
the proper picture orientation
30
10
Primary lens adjustments: projected image size (zoom),
position (shift) and focus
17, 31
11
Install CineWide anamorphic lens (optional)
33
12
CineWide lens adjustments: position, pitch (angle),
geometry and focus
33
44 through 49
13
Projector calibration: adjust the following for each input;
save settings when finished:
Aspect ratio
Brightness
Contrast
Color level
Tint
Input position
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3.2
Quick Setup
Installation
3.3
Installation
Considerations
Proper installation of your projector will ensure the quality of your display. Whether you are
installing a projector temporarily or permanently, you should take the following into
account to ensure your projector performs optimally.
Installation Type ➤
Choose the installation type that best suits your needs: front or rear screen, floor mount or
inverted mount. Table 3-2 compares these various installation methods.
Table 3-2. Projector Installation Options
Considerations
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Advantages
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Front Screen, Floor Mount Installation
• Easy to set up
• Can be moved or changed quickly
• Easy to access
• Shares floor space with audience
Front Screen, Inverted Mount (ceiling) Installation
• Does not take up audience space
• Projector is unobtrusive
• Projector cannot be accidentally moved
• Installation is more permanent
• Projector access is more difficult
Rear Screen, Floor Mount Installation
• Projector is completely hidden
• Projector is easily accessed
• Usually good ambient light rejection
• Requires separate room
• Installation cost is usually higher
PR
Rear Screen, Inverted Mount (ceiling) Installation
Ambient Light ➤
• Projector is completely hidden
• Usually good ambient light rejection
• Requires separate room
• Installation cost is usually higher
Rear Screen, Floor Mount with Mirror
• Projector is completely hidden
• Usually good ambient light rejection
• Requires less space behind screen than
other rear screen installations
• Requires separate room
• Installation cost is usually higher
In general, minimize or eliminate light sources directed at the screen. Contrast ratio in your
images will be noticeably reduced if light directly strikes the screen, such as when a shaft
of light from a window or floodlight falls on the image. Images may then appear washed
out and less vibrant.
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Installation
Throw distance is the distance measured from the front of the projector to the screen.
This is an important calculation in any projector installation as it determines whether or not
you have enough room to install your projector with a desired screen size and if your
image will be the right size for your screen.
You can quickly estimate the throw distance by taking the width of the screen and
multiplying it by the lens throw ratio; see Figure 3-2. The result of this calculation tells you
roughly how far back the projector should be positioned from the screen in order to
project a focused image large enough to fill the screen.
Scr
een
wid
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Estimating Throw Distance
Throw Distance (TD) = Screen Width (w) x Lens Throw Ratio
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th (
w)
TD
Figure 3-2. Estimating Throw Distance
Table 3-3 gives the throw ratios for the RS-440 Series.
PR
Table 3-3. Throw Ratios for the RS-440 Series
Projector Model
Throw
Ratio with
Primary
Lens Only
Throw Range in
inches, with
72.6x40.8-inch
(1.78:1) Screen
Throw Range in
Throw Ratio
inches, with
with Primary
Lens and 96x40.8-inch (2.35:1)
Screen
Anamorphic
Lens
Minimum Maximum
Minimum Maximum
RS-440
1.36 - 1.70
98.74
123.42
(n/a)
RS-440LT
1.69 - 2.13
122.69
154.63
(n/a)
RS-440LT/CineWide
(n/a)
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1.69 - 2.13
15
162.24
204.48
Throw Distance
Installation
Vertical and Horizontal ➤
Position
Proper placement of the projector relative to the screen will yield a rectangular,
perfectly-centered image that completely fills the screen.
Typically (but not always), the projector is positioned perpendicular to the screen and in
such a way that the lens center and screen center are aligned with each other, as shown
in Figure 3-3.
Ceiling Installation
Ceiling
Height
Projection Distance
Y
Lens Center
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x
Screen
Lens Center
Floor Installation
Height
Screen
Lens Center
Lens Center
x
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Projection Distance
Floor
Figure 3-3. Projector Placement
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Installation
If it is not possible to align the projector and screen as shown in Figure 3-3, you can use
the lens shift controls to center the image on the screen. Lens shift is generally expressed
as a percentage of the screen height or width, as shown in Figure 3-4 and Figure 3-5.
Screen Center
0%
50% Height
Lens Shift
(0.5 x H)
Base plate
to lens center =
approx. 4" (depending
on the amount of lens shift)
Y
100% Height
Lens Shift
(1.0 x H)
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150% Height
Lens Shift
(1.5 x H)
Note: This is a general example of lens shift. Lenses vary in their shift capabilities. No particular
lens or projector is shown in this example.
PR
Figure 3-4. Vertical Lens Shift (Example only)
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Vertical and Horizontal
Lens Shift
Installation
100% Width Lens Shift
(1.0 x W)
50% Width Lens Shift
(0.5 x W)
Screen Center
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0%
Screen Width (W)
Note: This is a general example of lens shift. Lenses vary in their shift capabilities. No particular
lens or projector is shown in this example.
Figure 3-5. Horizontal Lens Shift (Example only)
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Installation
Table 3-4 gives the lens shift limits for the RS-440, as percentages and absolute
measurements with a 96 x 54 inch (1.78:1) screen.
Table 3-4. Vertical and Horizontal Lens Shift Limits
RS-440
RS-440LT
Lens Shift Limits, as Percentages of Screen Height or Width (Notes 1 and 2)
Horizontal
(Note 2)
Up
50%
50%
Down
55%
75%
Left
7.5%
Right
7.5%
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Lens Shift Limits in Inches, with a 96-by-54 inch (1.78:1) Screen
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Vertical
(Notes 2 and 3)
Vertical
Horizontal
Notes:
Up
27.00
27.00
Down
29.70
40.50
Left
7.20
Right
7.20
1. With no vertical or horizontal lens shift, the lens center and screen center are aligned with each
other.
2. Vertical shift limits are percentages of the screen height. Horizontal shift limits are percentages of
the screen width.
3. Vertical lens shift figures apply to ceiling mount configurations. For floor installations
(where the projector is upright), reverse the up/down vertical offset percentages.
PR
In rear-screen applications where space behind the projector is limited, a mirror may be
used to fold the optical path, as shown in Figure 3-6. The position of the projector and
mirror must be accurately set. If you are considering this type of installation, contact your
dealer for assistance.
Screen
Mirror
Figure 3-6. Folded Optics
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Folded Optics
Installation
Other Considerations ➤
Other considerations and tips that can help improve your installation:
• Keep the ambient temperature constant and below 35°C (95°F). Keep the projector
away from heating and/or air conditioning vents. Changes in temperature may cause
drifts in the projector circuitry, which may affect performance.
• Keep the projector away from devices that radiate electromagnetic energy such as
motors and transformers. Common sources of these include slide projectors,
speakers, power amplifiers and elevators.
Y
If you are installing an RS-440LT/CineWide, proceed as follows to install the CineWide
anamorphic lens base plate. Otherwise, skip this step and proceed with Mounting the
RS-440 (page 22).
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3.4
Installing the Optional
CineWide Lens Base
Plate
Note
1. Do not install the CineWide lens yet, only the fixed CineWide
base plate. You will install the CineWide lens after you install the
projector and adjust the primary lens.
2. Some components shipped with your projector may differ slightly
from what is shown in these instructions.
To install the fixed CineWide base plate on an RS-440LT/CineWide:
1. Place the projector upside down on a blanket or other soft surface.
2. Line up the three mounting holes on the CineWide base plate with those on the
bottom of the projector.
PR
3. If you are mounting the RS-440LT/CineWide on a ceiling: Line up the three holes
on the projector ceiling mounting plate (included with the projector ceiling mount kit)
with those on the bottom of the projector.
4. Secure the CineWide base plate (and ceiling mounting plate, if needed) to the
projector with the M4x14mm screws provided with the CineWide lens base plate. See
Figure 3-7.
Caution
1. Do not use the mounting screws provided with the ceiling
mount kit. Use only the hardware provided with the CineWide
lens base plate.
2. DO NOT OVER-TIGHTEN THE SCREWS.
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Installation
Ceiling Mount
Plate (part of
optional
Ceiling Mount
Kit)
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Screw,
Phillips
Pan-Head,
M4 x 0.7 x
14mm (3x)
PR
Anamorphic Lens
Base Plate
Figure 3-7. RS-440LT/CineWide with Lens Base Plate and Ceiling Mounting Plate
- Exploded View
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Installation
3.5
Mounting the RS-440
There are several methods for mounting the projector. Depending on your chosen
installation, one method may be more suitable than another.
Floor Mounting (Upright) ➤
For fixed installations, and for those that want the projector out of sight or have a limited
space for projector and audience, you can invert the RS-440 and suspend it from the
ceiling using a specially-designed ceiling mount fixture.
Y
Ceiling Mounting ➤
(Inverted)
In typical front and rear screen installations, the projector can be mounted to a secure and
level surface such as a table or cart. Carts are useful when moving a projector during a
presentation or from site to site. If possible, lock the wheels when it’s in position to prevent
it from being moved during a presentation.
Use only the Runco-approved ceiling mount kit designed for your
projector. Install the mount kit according to the instructions
provided with it.
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Note
The projector can also be inverted and placed in an enclosure above and behind the
viewing area. Install four feet on the inside bottom surface of the enclosure on which the
projector can rest. A variety of materials can be used for this purpose (for example, rubber
crutch tips or turntable feet).
Adjusting the Projector ➤
Height or Projection Angle
When the RS-440 is installed upright, you can adjust the projector height or projection
angle by turning the four adjustable feet on the bottom of the projector; see Figure 3-8.
This is useful for correcting the angle of projection when the projector is placed on an
uneven surface or when the screen is at an angle. You can tilt the projector up to five (5)
degrees up or down by adjusting the feet.
PR
The feet are connected to threaded bolts; turn them clockwise to raise the projector or
counterclockwise to lower it.
Note
Tilting the projector may cause keystone distortion. To correct this,
refer to Installation on page 47.
5° max.
Adjustment feet
5° max.
Figure 3-8. Adjusting the Feet
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Installation
Proceed as follows to connect the RS-440 to your video sources, external controller(s) – if
present – and AC power.
When connecting your equipment:
3.6
Connections to the
RS-440
• Turn off all equipment before making any connections.
• Use the correct signal cables for each source.
• Ensure that the cables are securely connected. Tighten the thumbscrews on
connectors that have them.
Y
To access the connector panel, pull firmly on the cable access cover to open it.
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Connect your video sources to the RS-440 as shown and described in the sections that
follow.
HDMI/DVI Connections: See Figure 3-9.
Use the HDMI input whenever possible. This ensures the highest
video quality because the signal is carried in the digital domain
throughout the entire signal path, from source component output
into the projector.
PR
Tip
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Connector Panel Access
Connecting Source
Components to the
RS-440
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Installation
HDMI or DVI Source
(BD/HD-DVD/DVD Player,
HD Set Top Box,
Game Console etc.)
Figure 3-9. HDMI/DVI Source Connections
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Installation
Y
RGB Connections: Connect your personal computer or other RGB source (DVD player
or HD set top box) to the DVI-I input; see Figure 3-10.
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DVI to VGA
Adapter
DVI to DVI
Cable
VGA to VGA
Cable
PR
Personal
Computer
VGA
DVI
Figure 3-10. RGB Connections
Note
1. Refer to Computer Signal Compatibility on page 67 for a list of
computer signals compatible with the RS-440. Use with signals
other than those listed may cause some functions not to work.
2. Some Macintosh computers may require a Macintosh video
adapter. Contact your nearest authorized service center or dealer.
3. This RS-440 may not be able to display images from notebook
computers in simultaneous (CRT/LCD) mode. Should this occur,
switch the notebook computer to “CRT only” mode. If you are
unsure how to do this, refer to your notebook computer’s user
manual.
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Installation
PR
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Component Video Connections: Connect your component video source (DVD player
or HD set top box) to the COMP input as shown in Figure 3-11.
Pr/Cr Pb/Cb
Y
Component Video Source
(DVD Player,
HD Set Top Box,
Game Console etc.)
Figure 3-11. Component Video Connections
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S-Video/Composite Video Connections: Connect your S-Video and composite video
sources to the RS-440 as shown in Figure 3-12.
PR
Composite S-Video
DVD Player, VCR,
LaserDisc, Camcorder
etc.
Figure 3-12. Composite and S-Video Connections
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Installation
RS-232 Controller ➤
Connection
Use the communication cable supplied with the projector to connect a PC or home
theater control/automation system (if present) to the RS-232 port on the RS-440; see
Figure 3-13.
Y
For more information about using this connection, refer to Serial Communications on
page 61.
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8 7 6
Pin
Function
2
3
5
1, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9
Transmit Data (in)
Receive Data (out)
Ground
Not Used
5 9 2 14 3
Communication
Cable, 9-pin Mini-DIN
Male to 9-pin D-Sub
Male, 15 cm (5.9 in.)
To PC or
Automation/
Control System
PR
Figure 3-13. RS-232 Control System Connection
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Installation
If your home theater contains a retractable screen, screen mask or other 12-volt
trigger-activated equipment, connect it to the 12-volt trigger output as shown in Figure
3-14.
Connecting 12-Volt
Trigger Output to External
Theater Equipment
Y
Retractable Screen
or other, 12-volt
trigger-activated equipment
Black = Ground (Sleeve)
Red = +12V (Tip)
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3.5-mm
mini plug
Figure 3-14. Connecting the 12-Volt Trigger Output to Other Equipment
1. Turn on your source components.
PR
2. Plug the female end of the power cord into the
AC receptacle on the rear of the RS-440 (AC
100V ~ 240V). (The RS-440 ships with various
types of AC power cords. Choose the one that
is appropriate to your locale.)
3. Connect the other end to your AC power
source. The power indicator lights blue to
indicate that the RS-440 is in “standby” mode.
4. Press the ON button on the remote control to
turn on the projector. The power indicator
turns off.
5. After a brief warm-up period (approximately 10 seconds), the RS-440 will start
projecting.
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3.7
Turning on the Power
Installation
3.8
Changing the OSD
Language
The RS-440 OSD language is initially set to English, but can also display the menus in
French, Spanish, Italian or German. To change the OSD language:
1. Press MENU.
2. Select Installation from the Main Menu and press ENTER.
3. Select Language from the Installation Menu and press ENTER.
4. Press
to highlight the desired language and press ENTER.
Y
By default, the RS-440 is configured for a “floor/front” installation, in which the projector is
installed upright and in front of the screen. If it is installed behind the screen and/or
mounted on a ceiling, you must change the picture orientation. To do this:
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3.9
Adjusting the Picture
Orientation
or
1. Press MENU on the remote control.
2. Select Installation from the Main Menu and press ENTER.
3. Select Orientation from the Installation Menu and press ENTER.
PR
4. Choose Floor Rear, Ceiling Front or Ceiling Rear to match the installation method.
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Installation
The RS-440 gives you a great deal of control over the picture size, position and focus.
Figure 3-15 shows the location of the focus and zoom controls; Figure 3-16 shows the
location of the lens shift controls.
To focus the projected image, rotate the focus ring left or right.
Focus and Zoom
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To make the picture larger (zoom in), rotate the zoom ring to the left (toward the Runco
logo). To make the picture smaller (zoom out), rotate the zoom ring in the other direction.
Zoom
ring
PR
Focus
ring
Focus ring
Zoom ring
Zoom out
Zoom in
Figure 3-15. Focus and Zoom Controls
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3.10
Primary Lens
Adjustments
Installation
To change the projected image position, rotate the vertical and/or horizontal lens shift
dials.
Caution
Do not force the lens shift dials beyond their respective ranges. This
may cause the projector to malfunction.
Y
Shift ➤
Lens shift dial
(Horizontal)
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Lens shift dial
(Vertical)
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Figure 3-16. Vertical and Horizontal Lens Shift Controls
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Runco RS-440 Installation/Operation Manual
Installation
If you are installing an RS-440LT/CineWide, proceed as follows to install and adjust the
anamorphic lens.
It is extremely important that the primary lens is properly
adjusted before you install the anamorphic lens. Ensure that
the image from the primary lens is perfectly centered on the
screen.
Note
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The CineWide anamorphic lens mount kit consists of everything shown in Figure 3-17.
Some components shipped with your projector may differ slightly from what is shown in
these instructions.
1
Height/Pitch
Adjustment
Screw,
4-40 x 1/4"
(4x)
4
Swell
Latch
Assembly
(2x)
2
Washer (4x)
5
Anamorphic Lens
Mounting Bracket
6
Anamorphic Lens
Base Plate
PR
3
Anamorphic Lens
Figure 3-17. Anamorphic Lens Mounting Assembly - Exploded View
Runco RS-440 Installation/Operation Manual
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33
3.11
Installing and
Adjusting the
CineWide Anamorphic
Lens
Installation
1. Use the Height/Pitch Adjustment
Screws (2) and Washers (3) to attach
the Lens Mounting Bracket (5) to the
Anamorphic Lens (1).
2. Remove the nut and rubber collar
from each Swell Latch Assembly (4).
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3. Secure the lens (with the mounting
bracket attached) to the Lens Base
Plate (6) using the swell latches.
Tip
To avoid clipping the corners of the image, position the anamorphic
lens as close as possible to the primary lens.
Adjusting the Lens Height and Angle:
1. Project a white field on the screen.
2. Loosen the four Height/Pitch Adjustment Screws just enough to allow vertical
movement of the lens assembly.
PR
3. Slowly move the anamorphic lens into place so that there are no shadows on the top
or bottom of the screen:
Too Low
Correct position
Too High
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Runco RS-440 Installation/Operation Manual
Installation
4. Then, adjust the anamorphic lens angle so that the projected image is rectangular:
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Incorrect Lens Angle
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Correct Lens Angle
The anamorphic lens will almost always be angled with respect to the projector; this is
normal.
5. When the height and angle are properly set, tighten the Height/Pitch Adjustment
Screws to secure the lens in place.
There may be some pincushion distortion even after the lens is
properly adjusted, especially at shorter throw distances. If this is the
case, Runco recommends that you slightly over-scan the image into
the screen frame area to mask the distortion.
PR
Note
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35
Installation
PR
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Notes:
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4. Operation
• Press the MENU button on the remote control to display the Main Menu. To select a
menu item, use the
and
buttons on the remote control to highlight it. Press
ENTER to confirm your selection.
Y
• Use the arrow buttons to select menu items or change settings.
• Press EXIT to return to the previous menu.
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• Press MENU to turn off the OSD menu. (When the Main Menu is displayed, pressing
EXIT also turns off the menu.)
PR
The RS-440 OSD menus are arranged hierarchically, as shown in Figure 4-1. Depending
on the selected input source and signal characteristics, some menu options may not be
available.
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4.1
Using the On-Screen
Menus
Operation
Video
S-Video
Component
HDMI
DVI-D
DVI-A
Picture Memory
Brightness
Contrast
Color
Tint
Sharpness
Gamma
Picture Adjust
Information
ISF Night, ISF Day or Custom
0 ... 6
1.5, 1.8, 2.0, 2.2, 2.35, 2.5
5400 K, 6500 K, 7500 K or
8500K
Auto, HDTV, SDTV,
RGB-Video or RGB-PC
On or Off
0 IRE or 7 IRE
Color Temp.
Color Space
Aspect Ratio
Language
Orientation
Keystone
Overscan
Installation
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BrilliantColor™
Black Level
Save Settings
Reset to Defaults
16:9
4:3
Letterbox
Virtual Wide
Cinema
Virtual Cinema
Setup
Y
Source Select
PR
YUV/RGB Adjust
(Component and DVI-A
signals only)
OSD Timeout
Vertical Correction
(RS-440LT/CineWide only)
Main Menu ➤
Source
Resolution
H. Frequency
V. Frequency
Aspect Ratio
Picture Memory
Lamp Hours
Firmware
Serial
Lamp Power
Lamp Reset
Sync Threshold
(Component input only)
Source Select
Film Mode
DNR
Background Color
12V Trigger
Factory Reset
Picture Memory
Brightness
Contrast
Color
Tint
Sharpness
Gamma
(RS-440LT/CineWide only)
English, French, Spanish,
German or Italian
Floor Front, Floor Rear,
Ceiling Front or Ceiling Rear
V. Keystone
H. Keystone
Overscan Type
Overscan Adjust
(0 ... 5)
H. Position
V. Position
Clock
Phase
Reset
0, 5, 15 or 60 sec.
ISF
Color Temp.
BrilliantColor™
Black Level
White Balance
DNR
Save Settings
Blue Image
Splash Screen Timer
Reset to Defaults
(read only)
180W or 230W
Auto or Manual
Auto or Off
Black or Blue
Normal or CineWide
Yes / No
ISF Night, ISF Day or Custom
0 ... 6
1.5, 1.8, 2.0, 2.2, 2.35, 2.5
5400 K, 6500 K, 7500 K or
8500K
On or Off
0 IRE or 7 IRE
R/G/B Gain
R/G/B Offset
0 ... 16
On or Off
0, 5, 15 or 60 sec.
Figure 4-1. RS-440 OSD Menu Structure
The Main Menu is the starting point for accessing all projector functions. (You must enter a
passcode to access the ISF menu.)
RS-440
Source Select
Picture Adjust
Aspect Ratio
Installation
Information
Setup
ISF
38
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Runco RS-440 Installation/Operation Manual
Operation
Choose Source Select from the Main Menu to switch video sources.
Source Select
The active source is indicated by an arrow to its left; in this example, Video is the active
source. To select a different source, use the
or
button to highlight it and press
ENTER.
Source
➨ Video
S-Video
Component
HDMI
DVI-D
DVI-A
Picture Adjust
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Use the controls in the Picture Adjust menu to calibrate your RS-440 for optimum picture
quality. To access the Picture Adjust menu, press MENU, highlight Picture Adjust and
press ENTER.
To adjust a setting, use the
or
button to highlight it and press ENTER. Use the
or
button to change the setting. When finished, press EXIT.
The RS-440 has been designed to incorporate setup and calibration standards
established by the Imaging Science Foundation (ISF). The ISF has developed carefully
crafted, industry-recognized standards for optimal video performance and has
implemented a training program for technicians and installers to use these standards to
obtain optimal picture quality from Runco video display devices. Accordingly, Runco
recommends that setup and calibration be performed by an ISF certified installation
technician.
Picture Adjust
Picture Memory
0
Contrast
0
Color
0
Tint
0
Sharpness
3
Gamma
6500
Color Space
Auto
BrilliantColor™
Although it may be possible to obtain satisfactory picture quality using the naked eye and
regular program material, Runco recommends using the following calibration tools for best
results:
Save Settings
PR
• A blue filter (provided with many test DVDs), for color level and tint adjustments.
Connect your test pattern source to the input that you are calibrating and proceed as
follows. Perform the adjustments in the order listed here.
Picture Memory: For each input, the RS-440 lets you store picture quality settings as
presets that you can recall at a later time. You can create up to three presets per input
and resolution, to accommodate changing lighting conditions or viewer preferences.
To recall a picture memory preset, highlight Picture Memory in the Picture Adjust menu
and press ENTER. Then, press
or
to select “Custom,” “ISF Night” or “ISF Day” and
press ENTER again.
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2.2
Color Temp.
All signal types require separate processing. Therefore, you need to calibrate each input
separately.
• External test pattern source – Ovation Multimedia, Digital Video Essentials or AVIA test
DVD or equivalent.
Custom
Brightness
Black Level
Reset to Defaults
Off
0 IRE
Operation
Y
Brightness: On your external test pattern source, select a PLUGE pattern. (PLUGE is an
acronym for “Picture Line-Up Generation Equipment.”) Figure 4-2 shows a typical PLUGE
pattern.
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Below Black
Above Black
Figure 4-2. Typical PLUGE Pattern for Adjusting Brightness
PLUGE patterns vary but generally consist of some combination of black, white and gray
areas against a black background. The example above includes two vertical bars and four
shaded boxes.
Select Brightness from the Picture Adjust menu and press ENTER. Adjust the level so
that:
• The darkest black bars disappear into the background.
• The dark gray areas are barely visible.
• The lighter gray areas are clearly visible.
PR
• The white areas are a comfortable level of true white.
• The image contains only black, gray and white (no color).
Contrast: On your external test pattern source, select a stepped, gray-bar pattern like the
one shown in Figure 4-3.
Figure 4-3. Typical Gray Bar Pattern for Adjusting Contrast
Select Contrast from the Picture Adjust menu and press ENTER. Adjust the contrast to a
point just below which the white rectangle starts to increase in size.
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Operation
Brightness and Contrast controls are interactive. A change to one
may require a subtle change to the other in order to achieve the
optimum setting.
Note
Y
blue
red
magenta
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green
cyan
yellow
gray
Color: On your external test pattern source, select a color bar pattern like the one shown
in Figure 4-4.
Figure 4-4. Typical Color Bar Pattern for Adjusting Color Saturation and Tint
Runco RS-440 Installation/Operation Manual
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blue
red
magenta
green
PR
cyan
yellow
gray
Select Color from the Picture Adjust menu and press ENTER. While looking at the color
bar pattern through a blue filter, adjust the color saturation level until the outermost (gray
and blue) color bars appear to be a single shade of blue:
41
Operation
Tint: Tint or “hue” is essentially the ratio of red to green in the color portion of the image.
When tint is decreased, the image appears redder; when it is increased the image
appears greener. To set the tint, select Tint from the Adjustment menu and press ENTER.
While looking at the color bar pattern through a blue filter, adjust the tint level until the cyan
and magenta color bars (on either side of the green bar) appear to be a single shade of
blue.
Note
Like the Brightness and Contrast controls, the color and tint controls
are interactive. A change to one may require a subtle change to the
other in order to achieve the optimum setting.
PR
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Sharpness: “Sharpness” is the amount of high-frequency detail in the image. To adjust
sharpness, select Sharpness from the Picture Adjust menu and press ENTER. On your
external test pattern source, select a pattern like the one shown in Figure 4-5. Adjust as
needed, looking for white edges around the transitions from black to gray and
differently-sized lines in the “sweep” patterns at the top and bottom. Lower the sharpness
setting to eliminate them.
Figure 4-5. Typical Test Pattern for Adjusting Sharpness
Gamma: The normal gamma setting of 2.2 is correct for almost all signals and conditions.
If excess ambient light washes out the image and it becomes difficult or impossible to see
details in dark areas, lower the gamma setting to compensate. This will improve contrast
while maintaining good details for blacks. Conversely, if the image is washed out and
unnatural, with excessive detail in black areas, increase the setting. Again, good gamma
improves contrast while maintaining good details for blacks and whites.
Color Temp.: To choose a color temperature setting, select Color Temp. from the Picture
Adjust menu and press ENTER. (Color temperature defines the “color of gray.”) The
choices are 5400K, 6500K, 7500K and 8500K. The default setting, 6500K, is appropriate
for most situations. Higher settings produce a “bluer” picture; lower ones impart a reddish
hue to the image.
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Operation
Color Space: Select Color Space from the Picture Adjust menu to choose the color
space of the source signal for HDMI, RGB and component connections.
• The default setting, Auto, functions as follows:
• HDMI/DVI-D: If the Auxiliary Video Information (AVI) infoframe contains color space
and/or range data, the RS-440 uses that information. Otherwise, for RGB sources,
the RS-440 uses the RGB-Video color space. For component SDTV and EDTV
resolutions, SDTV is used. For other component video resolutions, HDTV is used.
• DVI-A: If Hsync or Vsync signals are present, the RS-440 uses the RGB-PC color
space. Otherwise, SDTV is used for SDTV and EDTV sources, and HDTV for all
other sources.
Y
• Component: For SDTV and EDTV resolutions, the RS-440 uses the SDTV color
space. For all other resolutions HDTV is used.
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In most cases, the Auto setting determines the correct color space to use. If it does not,
you can force the RS-440 to use a specific color space. Choose one of the following:
• HDTV sets the color space matrix to that defined in ITU-R BT.709.
• SDTV sets the color space matrix to that defined in ITU-R BT.601.
• RGB-PC uses RGB color space and sets black at 0,0,0 RGB and white at
255,255,255 RGB, assuming an 8-bit image.
• RGB-Video uses RGB color space and sets black at 16,16,16 RGB and white at
235,235,235, assuming an 8-bit image, to correspond to the luminance values defined
in digital component standards.
BrilliantColor™: Select BrilliantColor™ from the Picture Adjust menu to enable (On) or
disable (Off) BrilliantColor processing, which improves brightness in grays and secondary
colors by using the spoke light from the color wheel.
PR
Black Level: Select Black Level from the Picture Adjust menu to compensate for
incoming elevated black levels present in some Composite video and S-Video sources.
(This control does not affect other source types.) Set it to 0 IRE if blacks appear elevated
(dark gray). If blacks appear “crushed” (too dark), set it to 7 IRE.
Save Settings: To store changes to picture quality settings for the current input and
resolution in the “Custom” Picture Memory, select Save Settings from the Picture Adjust
menu. To recall this preset at a later time, press the CUST button on the remote control or
select “Custom” from the Picture Memory menu (see above).
You should save changes to any of the following settings to a preset; otherwise they will
be lost when a new input source or resolution is selected:
• Aspect ratio (saved per source)
• Picture adjustments (brightness, contrast, color saturation, tint, sharpness, gamma,
color temperature, color space, BrilliantColor™ and Black Level)
• RGB/YUV signal settings (H. Position, V. Position, Clock, Phase)
• Setup menu settings (Sync Threshold, DNR, Film Mode, Lamp Power)
• White Balance settings (gain and offset)
Note
To store changes to the ISF Night or ISF Day Picture Memory preset,
select Save Settings in the ISF menu (refer to ISF on page 52). You
must enter a passcode to access the ISF menu.
Reset to Defaults: To reset all picture quality settings for the current input and resolution
to their factory-default values, select Reset to Defaults from the Picture Adjust menu.
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43
Operation
Aspect Ratio ➤
Aspect Ratio
➨ 16:9
To change the aspect ratio (size and shape) of the projected image, select Aspect Ratio
from the Main Menu and press ENTER. Select the appropriate aspect ratio for your
screen size and the type of program material being viewed, then press ENTER; refer to
Table 4-1.
4:3
Letterbox
Virtual Wide
Cinema
Y
Virtual Cinema
Aspect
Ratio
Setting
Description
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Table 4-1. Aspect Ratio Settings
Aspect
Ratio of
Source
Signal
Geometry of Projected Image
Standard RS-440 or RS-440LT
(1.78:1 Screen)
RS-440LT/CineWide (2.35:1 Screen)
16:9
PR
16:9
16:9 linearly scales the
source active image
horizontally and vertically
to fill the 16:9 rectangle
of the designated image
area.
4:3
4:3 linearly scales the
source active image
horizontally and vertically
to fill a 4:3 rectangle
which is centered and
the same height as the
16:9 designated image
area. The remaining area
is black.
4:3
16:9
4:3
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Operation
Table 4-1. Aspect Ratio Settings (continued)
Description
With a 16:9 source
image, Letterbox mode
crops the top and
bottom portion of the
image and vertically
stretches the remaining
portion to fill a 16:9
image area.
It scales (zooms in on) a
4:3 image linearly (by the
same amount on all
sides) to fill a 16:9
display.
A 16:9 image is shrunk
horizontally in the center
and stretched
horizontally in a
NON-linear fashion (more
on the sides).
PR
VirtualWide
Geometry of Projected Image
Standard RS-440 or RS-440LT
(1.78:1 Screen)
A 4:3 image is
horizontally scaled in a
NON-linear fashion (more
on the sides than in the
center) to fit a 16:9
screen.
RS-440LT/CineWide (2.35:1 Screen)
16:9
Y
Letterbox
Aspect
Ratio of
Source
Signal
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Aspect
Ratio
Setting
4:3
16:9
4:3
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Operation
Table 4-1. Aspect Ratio Settings (continued)
Aspect
Ratio
Setting
Aspect
Ratio of
Source
Signal
Description
Geometry of Projected Image
Standard RS-440 or RS-440LT
(1.78:1 Screen)
RS-440LT/CineWide (2.35:1 Screen)
Select Cinema to view
2.35 source material in its
native aspect ratio.
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Cinema
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With a 16:9 screen and a
non-CineWide projector
(no anamorphic lens), the
upper and lower portions
of the screen are
masked, but the
geometry of the active
image area is
unchanged.
2.35:1
Virtual
Cinema
PR
With a 2.35:1 screen and
a CineWide-equipped
projector, the video
processor scales the
2.35:1 image so that the
active image area fills the
16:9 chip surface,
eliminating the black
bars. The secondary,
anamorphic lens then
restores the proper
geometry to the 2.35:1
image.
A 16:9 image is scaled
NON-linearly (more on
the sides than in the
center) to fit a 2.35:1
screen.
16:9
Virtual Cinema is
available only on the
RS-440LT/CineWide.
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Operation
To access the Installation adjustments, press MENU, then press the
or
button to
highlight Installation and press ENTER. The Installation sub-menu appears. Press EXIT to
return to the previous menu or press MENU to close all menus.
Installation
Installation
Language
Note
When you change a setting in the Installation menu, the change takes
effect immediately; you do not need to press ENTER afterwards.
(Press EXIT to return to the previous menu or MENU to exit.)
Orientation
Keystone
Overscan
YUV/RGB Adjust
OSD Timeout
Vertical Correction
Y
Language: Select Language from the Installation menu and press ENTER. Then, use the
or
button to select from the available languages: English, French, Spanish, German
and Italian.
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Orientation: Select Orientation from the Installation menu and press ENTER. Then, use
the
or
button to change the orientation of the projected image. The RS-440 can be
installed on a ceiling or in a rear-screen configuration with one or more mirrors. There are
four settings: Floor Front, Ceiling Front, Floor Rear and Ceiling Rear.
Keystone: Projector placement and other factors can cause geometric distortion in the
projected image. To correct this, select Keystone from the Installation menu. This
sub-menu provides the following options:
• V. Keystone/H. Keystone: To correct distortion resulting from the angle of projection,
select V. Keystone or H. Keystone from the Keystone menu and use the or button
to make the image rectangular. See Figure 4-6.
Tip
Runco recommends that the keystone feature not be used unless
absolutely necessary, as it may cause artifacts in the image.
Note
1. The RS-440 keystone correction can compensate for up to
approximately 15 degrees of screen and/or projector tilt.
PR
2. Straight lines or the edges of images may appear jagged while
adjusting the image.
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V. Keystone
0
H. Keystone
0
Operation
Horizontal Keystone Correction
+
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-
Projector
Projected Image
Negative values
compress left side.
Positive values
compress right side.
Vertical Keystone Correction
+
Negative values
compress bottom.
Positive values
compress top.
PR
-
Figure 4-6. Keystone Correction
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Operation
Overscan: Some SDTV/EDTV programs are produced based on the assumption that
older television sets may not display the outer edges of the broadcast picture area.
Overscan effectively hides these inactive, outer edges of the image. (For HDTV, DVDs and
other video sources, overscan is generally not necessary or desirable.)
• Overscan Type: There are two overscan types:
• Crop adds a mask at the top, bottom, left and right edges.
• Zoom adds a factor to the scaling of the source image. Anything outside of the
original image area is removed.
• Overscan Adjust: This control defines the amount of overscan applied to the image.
The range is from 0 to 5.
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• In Crop mode, each increment adds a mask at the left and right edges of the source
image equal to 1% of the displayed horizontal resolution (2% total), and at the top
and bottom edges equal to 1% of the displayed vertical resolution (2% total). A
setting of 5, for example, crops the image 5% on all sides or 10% total.
• In Zoom mode, each increment adds a factor to the scaling of the source image so
that the vertical and horizontal resolutions are 100% plus 2% increments of the size
determined by the aspect ratio function. A setting of 5, for example, zooms in on the
image 5% on all sides or 10% total.
Figure 4-7 illustrates the effect of each overscan setting.
4:3
16 :9
Crop
Zoom
PR
No Overscan
= Source Image Area
= Mask (Crop) Area
= Screen (16:9)
Figure 4-7. Overscan Examples
YUV/RGB Adjust: Use the settings in the YUV/RGB Adjust menu to fine-tune 480p and
higher-resolution signals for optimum picture quality.
• H. Position: Use the up- or down-arrow buttons ( ,
) to select H. Position. Then,
use the right-arrow button ( ) to shift the image to the right; use the left-arrow button
(
) to shift the image to the left.
• V. Position: Use the up- or down-arrow buttons ( ,
) to select V. Position. Then,
use the right-arrow button (
) to shift the image up; use the left-arrow button (
) to
shift the image down.
• Clock: If you notice flickering or vertical noise when displaying computer images,
adjust the Clock setting to correct the issue.
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Overscan Type
Overscan Adjust
Crop
0
Operation
• Phase: Adjust the phase if the image (usually from an RGB source) shows shimmer or
“noise.” Pixel phase adjusts the phase of the pixel sampling clock relative to the
incoming signal. The effect of this control is similar to that of a tracking control on a
VCR.
For best results, use a good test pattern such as a smooth gray consisting of a clear
pattern of black and white pixels, or a similar “half on, half off” graphic image. (You may
find that you can stabilize the image at more than one point. Use either setting in this
case.)
• Reset: Select Reset from the YUV/RGB Adjust menu to restore the position, clock and
phase settings to their factory-default values.
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OSD Timeout: This timer controls how long the menus remain on-screen after selecting
them. Select a time-out period of 0, 5, 15 or 60 seconds. When you set the OSD Timeout
to 0, the menus remain on-screen until you hide them by pressing MENU.
Vertical Correction (RS-440LT/CineWide only): To achieve the proper image
geometry with the secondary anamorphic lens, select Vertical Correction from the
Installation menu. Then, use the
or
button to change the native aspect ratio of the
display, in small increments.
The range is from 0 through 5 in increments of 1. Each increment reduces the image
height by one percent. A value of 5, for example, reduces the image height by 5 percent.
Information ➤
Information
Source
HDMI
Resolution
720x480
15.7 KHZ
V. Frequency
59.8 HZ
Aspect Ratio
16:9
Picture Memory
Lamp Hours
Firmware
Serial
Should you ever need to contact Runco Technical Support, this information will help them
answer your questions or resolve product performance issues.
PR
H. Frequency
Select Information from the Main Menu to see projector status information: the
currently-active source, input signal resolution, aspect ratio, picture memory and lamp
usage. This menu also displays the projector serial number.
ISF Night
450
0014.006
RUP440RS0803001
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Operation
To adjust the lamp and perform other common, installation-related tasks, use the up- or
down-arrow buttons to highlight Setup in the Main Menu and press ENTER.
Lamp Power: Select Lamp Power from the Setup Menu to adjust the lamp output level.
You can choose to run the lamp as bright as possible (230W; this is the default setting) or
you can choose the lower (180W) setting. Generally, lower lamp output prolongs the life of
the lamp, but decreases brightness.
Y
Lamp Reset: When you replace the projector lamp (refer to Lamp Replacement on
page 58), you should also reset the lamp timer. To do this, select Lamp Reset from the
Setup menu. The RS-440 shows the number of hours the projector lamp has been in
service and asks you to confirm or cancel the reset. Press ENTER to confirm or EXIT to
cancel.
Reset the Lamp Timer ONLY after you replace the lamp. Otherwise,
the reported “Lamp Hours” will be inaccurate.
WARNING
Do not exceed the recommended lamp life of 2000 hours. An old
lamp becomes increasingly fragile and prone to sudden failure.
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Note
Sync Threshold: The projector is compatible with EDTV (480p and 576p) and HDTV
(720p, 1080i and 1080p) video signals. If a DVD player or other source component is not
syncing properly with the projector due to non-standard sync levels, adjust this setting to
correct the issue. This setting is only available for component video sources.
Source Select: The RS-440 can automatically detect an incoming signal and switch to
that input if the current source signal becomes unavailable. To enable automatic source
detection, choose Source Select from the Setup menu and set it to Auto.
PR
Film Mode: Use the Film Mode control to smooth out moving images from interlaced
sources. In most cases, the RS-440 detects the proper “pull-down” rate and vertical
frequency.
• Choose Auto to allow the deinterlacer to automatically determine the proper
deinterlacer mode for best display.
• Choose Off to force the deinterlacer to ignore film cadence and remain in video mode.
Use this setting if “combing” is present or if the deinterlacer switches between modes
constantly due to improper detection of film content (which can occur in animation, for
instance).
Digital Noise Reduction (DNR): Select DNR from the Setup menu, then use the
or
button to adjust the amount of adaptive noise reduction. DNR is useful for
clearing up noisy images from interlaced SD sources. Adjust as desired, keeping in mind
that reducing noise (which reduces high frequencies) may also soften the image.
Background Color: Press the
or
button to select the image Background Color
(black or blue). The Background Color appears when no incoming signal is present.
12V Trigger: Select 12V Trigger from the Setup menu to configure the 12-volt trigger
output.
• Set the 12V Trigger to Normal if you want the trigger to activate when the projector is
turned on (for instance, if the trigger is controlling a retractable screen).
• Set the 12V Trigger to Cinema if you want the trigger to activate when the Cinema or
Virtual Cinema aspect ratio is selected.
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Setup
Setup
Lamp Power
230 W
Lamp Reset
Sync Threshold
Source Select
Film Mode
DNR
Background Color
12V Trigger
Factory Reset
1
Manual
Auto
0
Black
Normal
Operation
Factory Reset: To restore all Setup Menu options to their factory-default values, select
Factory Reset and press ENTER. Use the arrow buttons to highlight “OK,” then press
ENTER again to confirm the operation.
ISF ➤
To access the ISF calibration menu, select ISF from the Main Menu and press ENTER.
ISF
Custom
Brightness
0
Contrast
0
Color
0
Tint
0
Sharpness
3
2.2
Color Temp.
6500
BrilliantColor™
This menu should be used by ISF-certified technicians only. You must
enter a passcode to access this menu.
Picture Memory: Refer to Picture Memory on page 39.
Brightness: Refer to Brightness on page 40.
Contrast: Refer to Contrast on page 40.
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Gamma
Note
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Picture Memory
Color: Refer to Color on page 41.
Off
Black Level
0 IRE
White Balance
Tint: Refer to Tint on page 42.
Sharpness: Refer to Sharpness on page 42.
DNR
0
Save Settings
Blue Image
Off
Splash Screen Timer
Reset to Defaults
5
Gamma: Refer to Gamma on page 42.
Color Temp.: Refer to Color Temp. on page 42.
BrilliantColor™: Refer to BrilliantColor™ on page 43.
Black Level: Refer to Black Level on page 43.
PR
White Balance: To remove any trace of color from the white areas of the projected
image, select White Balance from the ISF menu and press ENTER.
• Gain: Use the Gain controls to correct color imbalances in the bright areas of the
image. A good way to do this is to use a test pattern consisting mostly of solid white
areas, such as an 80 IRE “window” pattern. If the white areas contain traces of red,
green or blue, decrease the Gain for that color.
• Offset: Use the Offset controls in the White Balance sub-menu to correct color
imbalances in the dark areas of the image. A good way to do this is to use a test
pattern consisting mostly of dark gray areas, such as a 30 IRE “window” pattern. If the
gray areas contain traces of red, green or blue, decrease the Offset for that color.
The Gain controls increase or decrease the full-scale input range; the Offset controls
shift the entire range, resulting in a change in brightness.
Note
Generally, higher Gain settings reduce the image contrast; higher
Offset settings reduce the image brightness.
DNR: Refer to Digital Noise Reduction (DNR) on page 51.
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Runco RS-440 Installation/Operation Manual
Operation
Save Settings: To store changes to picture quality settings for the current input and
resolution in the “Custom,” “ISF Day” or “ISF Night” Picture Memory, choose Save
Settings from the Picture Adjust menu and select “Custom,” “ISF Day” or “ISF Night.” To
recall this preset at a later time, select it from the Picture Memory menu (see above) or
press the corresponding button on the remote control (see Figure 2-3).
For more information about this command, refer to Save Settings on page 43.
Blue Image: This feature, when enabled, removes all red and green color information
from the image (simulating a blue filter), and is useful for color-calibrating the projector or
other video components.
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Splash Screen Timer: This timer controls how long the start-up (ISF and Runco logo)
image stays on-screen after you turn on the projector. The choices are 0, 5, 15 or 60
seconds. To disable the splash screen, set the Splash Screen Timer to 0.
PR
Reset to Defaults: Refer to Reset to Defaults on page 43.
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Operation
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Notes:
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Runco RS-440 Installation/Operation Manual
5. Maintenance and Troubleshooting
5.1
Cleaning the Projector
• Unplug the power cord before cleaning the
projector.
Y
• Avoid using benzene or thinner, as these can
damage the finish on the projector exterior.
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• Do not use volatile agents, such as
insecticides, on the projector.
• Do not leave rubber or plastic objects in
contact with the projector for long periods as
they may damage the finish of the projector.
• Wipe off dirt gently with a soft flannel cloth.
• For hard-to-remove dirt, soak a cloth in a
neutral detergent diluted with water, wring the
cloth well and then wipe the projector.
• Strong cleaning detergents may discolor,
warp or damage the coating on the projector.
Make sure to test on a small, inconspicuous
area on the projector before using.
PR
• Use a commercially available blower or lens
cleaning paper (for glasses and camera
lenses) for cleaning the lens. Do not use any
liquid cleaning agents, as they may wear the
coating film on the surface of the lens.
• The surface of the lens is easily damaged. Do
not scrape or hit the lens.
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55
5.2
Cleaning the Lens
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
5.3
Cleaning the Intake
and Exhaust Vents
This RS-440 is equipped with intake and
exhaust vents to allow the flow of cool air
through the projector and maintain the
proper operating temperature.
Side and front view
You should periodically clean the vents by
vacuuming them with a vacuum cleaner.
Runco recommends doing this after every
100 hours of use, or more often if the
projector is used in a dirty or smoky
location.
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To clean the intake and exhaust vents:
Ventilation holes
1. Press OFF on the remote control to
turn off the power. Wait until the cooling
fan stops.
Power OFF
button
5.4
Lamp Maintenance
AC 110-240
AC 110-240
PR
2. Unplug the power cord.
3. Remove dust by placing the cleaner
hose on the intake and exhaust vents.
The projector lamp has a life of 2,000 hours. Maintain proper ventilation to keep the lamp
operating throughout its lifetime. Do not subject the projector to unnecessary vibration.
• Lamp replacement is recommended after approximately 2,000 cumulative hours of use
or when you notice a significant deterioration in the picture and color quality. To find out
how long the currently-installed lamp has been in service, select Information from the
Main menu.
• The actual lamp service life may be less than 2,000 hours depending on the
environment in which the projector is used.
• For lamp replacement, please contact your nearest Runco authorized service
center or Runco dealer. Do not attempt to replace the lamp yourself!
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Runco RS-440 Installation/Operation Manual
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Caution
This projector uses a pressurized mercury lamp. A loud sound may
indicate lamp failure. Lamp failure is caused by excessive shock,
improper cooling, surface scratches or deterioration of the lamp due
to usage. The period of time up to failure largely varies depending on
the individual lamp and the condition and the frequency of use. It is
important to note that failure can often result in the bulb cracking.
Y
When the lamp replacement indicator and on-screen display icon are
illuminated or are flashing, replace the lamp with a new one
immediately, even if the lamp appears to be operating normally.
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If the lamp breaks, glass particles may spread inside the lamp cage
or gas contained in the lamp may be vented into the room from the
exhaust vent. As the gas in this lamp contains mercury, ventilate the
room well if the lamp breaks and avoid all exposure to the released
gas. In case of exposure to the gas, consult a doctor as soon as
possible.
If the lamp breaks, there is also a possibility that glass particles may
spread inside the projector. If this happens, contact your nearest
Authorized Dealer to remove the damaged lamp and ensure safe
operation.
PR
Do not remove the lamp unit immediately after turning off the
projector. Touching a hot lamp can cause burns or injury. Wait at
least one hour after the disconnecting the power cord to allow the
surface of the lamp unit to fully cool before removing.
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5.5
Lamp Cautions
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
5.6
Lamp Replacement
1. Turn off the projector and wait for the cooling fan to stop.
2. Unplug the power cord. Allow the projector to cool down for approximately one hour
prior to removing the lamp assembly for replacement.
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3. Loosen the two captive lamp cover
screws and remove the cover.
PR
4. Loosen the four lamp assembly
mounting screws.
5. Grasp the lamp assembly
handle and pull gently, removing
the lamp module from the
projector housing. As you do
so, the lamp cooling interlock
switch on the inside of the lamp
mounting frame (near the top)
moves to the OFF position.
6. Gently slide the new lamp assembly into the mounting frame. Align the two power
connectors at the top of the lamp assembly with the two sockets at the top of the
mounting frame. Press gently on both sides of the lamp assembly to snap it into
place. As you do so, the lamp cooling interlock switch returns to the ON position.
7. Tighten the lamp assembly mounting screws.
8. Replace the lamp cover and secure the captive lamp cover screws.
9. Plug in the projector and turn it on.
10. Reset the Lamp Timer to zero. To do this, select Lamp Reset from the Setup menu
and press ENTER. The RS-440 shows the number of hours the projector lamp has
been in service and asks you to confirm or cancel the reset. Press ENTER again to
confirm.
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Runco RS-440 Installation/Operation Manual
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Table 5-1 provides some general guidelines for troubleshooting problems you may
encounter with the RS-440. If you encounter an issue not described here, please contact
your Runco dealer or Runco Technical Support.
Table 5-1. Troubleshooting Chart
Solution
The projector does not turn
on after initial installation.
• The RS-440 is not plugged
in or the AC outlet is not
active.
• The remote control
batteries have run out.
• Ensure that the RS-440 is
plugged in and that the AC
outlet is active.
• Replace the batteries.
The projector is on, but there
is no video image on-screen.
• Incorrect source selection.
• Source component is not
turned on.
• Select the correct source.
• Turn on the source
component.
A projected image from a
DVD is split or otherwise
scrambled.
• DVD player is set to
progressive scan mode.
• Turn off progressive scan
on the DVD player.
• Connect the DVD player to
the Component input.
Image is too bright and/or
lacks definition in the bright
areas of the image.
• Contrast is set too high.
• Lower the contrast setting.
Image appears “washed out”
and/or dark areas appear too
bright.
• Brightness is set too high.
• Lower the brightness
setting.
Colors in the image are
swapped; for example, reds
appear blue or vice versa.
• The Red/Pr, Green/Y or
Blue/Pb outputs from the
source are connected to
the wrong inputs on the
RS-440.
• Ensure that the source
outputs are connected to
the correct RS-440 input.
RGB-HD images appear
“noisy.”
• Clock and Phase settings
need adjustment.
• Manually adjust Clock and
Phase settings, or perform
an Auto-Tune (refer to
YUV/RGB Adjust on
page 49).
The projector will not turn
back on after it was powered
down, or the image
disappears during operation.
• The projector will not turn
on for two minutes after
power-down, to protect
the lamp.
• The lamp has failed or was
improperly installed.
• Wait until the cooling fan
stops.
Y
Possible Cause(s)
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Symptom
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• Replace or re-install the
lamp.
59
5.7
Troubleshooting Tips
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
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Notes:
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Runco RS-440 Installation/Operation Manual
6. Serial Communications
To interface the RS-440 with a home theater automation/control system or a PC running
terminal emulation software, connect it to your control system or PC as shown in Figure
3-13.
6.1
RS-232 Connection
and Port Configuration
Configure the RS-232 controller or PC serial port as follows: no parity, 8 data bits, 1 stop
bit and no flow control. Set the baud rate to 9600, to match that of the RS-440 RS-232
port.
Table 6-1 lists the RS-232 command set. All commands are in ASCII format and must be
in UPPERCASE.
When you send a valid command, the RS-440 executes it and acknowledges it with the
first three characters of the command followed by “OK;” for example, “RRAOK.“ When you
send an invalid command, the RS-440 ignores it and returns the first three characters of
the command followed by “NG;” for example, “RRXNG.“
Table 6-1. Serial Commands
Command
Description
Reply
RRA00
Saves current settings to the CUSTOM memory
(Note 1)
RRAOK
RRA01
Saves current settings to the ISF Day memory
(Note 1)
RRAOK
RRA02
Saves current settings to the ISF Night memory
(Note 1)
RRAOK
RRB00
Recalls the Custom memory settings
RRBOK
RRB01
Recalls the ISF Day memory settings
RRBOK
RRB02
Recalls the ISF Night settings
RRBOK
RRC00
Selects the S-VIDEO input
RRCOK
RRC01
Selects the COMPOSITE VIDEO input
RRCOK
RRC02
Selects the COMPONENT input
RRCOK
RRC03
Selects the DVI-D input
RRCOK
RRC04
Selects the HDMI input
RRCOK
RRC05
Selects the DVI-A input
RRCOK
Notes:
1. All image quality settings must be made with the remote control. After the image adjustments
are complete, you can use these commands to store the settings in the selected memory.
2. The power on command (PON) will not provide an OK reply; it will instead reply with a random
character. For your automation system, simply ensure that you receive a character after the
PON command. If you do not get any reply after PON, send PON again.
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6.2
Serial Command
Syntax
Serial Communications
Table 6-1. Serial Commands (continued)
Command
Description
Reply
RRD00
Selects the 16:9 aspect ratio
RRDOK
RRD01
Selects the 4:3 aspect ratio
RRDOK
RRD02
Selects the LETTERBOX aspect ratio
RRDOK
RRD03
Selects the VIRTUALWIDE aspect ratio
RRDOK
RRD04
Selects the CINEMA (2.35:1) aspect ratio
RRDOK
RRD05
Selects the VIRTUAL CINEMA aspect ratio
RRDOK
RRE00
Turns the projector OFF
RREOK
PON
Turns the projector ON
Random (Note 2)
RRF00
Selects the UP button on the remote control
RRFOK
RRF01
Selects the DOWN button on the remote control
RRFOK
RRF02
Selects the LEFT button on the remote control
RRFOK
RRF03
Selects the RIGHT button on the remote control
RRFOK
RRF04
Selects the ENTER button on the remote control
RRFOK
RRG00
Selects the MENU button on the remote control
RRGOK
RRG01
Selects the EXIT button on the remote control
RRGOK
Notes:
1. All image quality settings must be made with the remote control. After the image adjustments
are complete, you can use these commands to store the settings in the selected memory.
2. The power on command (PON) will not provide an OK reply; it will instead reply with a random
character. For your automation system, simply ensure that you receive a character after the
PON command. If you do not get any reply after PON, send PON again.
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Runco RS-440 Installation/Operation Manual
7. Specifications
7.1
RS-440 Specifications
Table 7-1 lists the RS-440 specifications.
Table 7-1. RS-440 Specifications
Digital Light Processing (DLP), Single-Chip SuperOnyx DMD
Native Resolution:
1280 x 720 (16:9)
Aspect Ratios:
4:3, Letterbox, 16:9, VirtualWide, Cinema, Virtual Cinema
Video Standards:
NTSC, PAL, SECAM
Video Compatibility:
Scan Frequency:
480i, 480p, 576i, 576p, 720p, 1080i, 1080p
Horizontal: 15 - 91 kHz
Vertical: 24 - 85 Hz
Picture Size (16:9 Screen):
Throw Distance
(Factor x Screen Width):
Horizontal and Vertical
Offset (when projector is
inverted):
Lamp:
Recommended Width: 72 in. (1.83 m) to 120 in. (3.05 m)
Refer to Table 3-3
Refer to Table 3-4
230 Watts
2000 hours
PR
Estimated Lamp Life:
Video Inputs:
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Projector Type:
(1) Composite
(1) S-Video
(1) RCA Component (YPbPr)
(1) DVI-I
(1) HDMI with HDCP
Control Options:
- Discrete IR remote
- Serial commands via RS-232
RS-232 Communication
Parameters:
9600 bps, no parity, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit, no flow control
+12V Output:
Max. 0.25 Amps, active when Cinema or Virtual Cinema
Aspect Ratio is selected (RS-440LT/CineWide only) or when
projector is turned on;
Tip = +12V; Sleeve = Ground
Power Requirements:
100 to 240 VAC (auto-sensing), 50/60 Hz, 330 Watts
(1126.3 BTUs/hour)
Operating Environment:
41°F to 95°F (5°C to 35°C), 0% to 90% humidity
(non-condensing)
Dimensions:
RS-440: See Figure 7-1
RS-440LT: See Figure 7-2
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Specifications
Table 7-1. RS-440 Specifications (continued)
Weight (including lens):
RS-440: 30.1 lbs. (13.65 kg)
RS-440LT: 30.8 lbs. (13.97 kg)
Regulatory Approvals:
Complies with FCC Class B, CE, C-Tick, GOST
Limited Warranty:
Projector: Two (2) years parts and labor from the date of
delivery to the end user.
Lamp: 1000 hours or six (6) months, whichever comes first.
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Specifications are subject to change without notice.
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Runco RS-440 Installation/Operation Manual
Specifications
7.2
RS-440 Dimensions
0.1969 in
5.0 mm
Figure 7-1 shows the RS-440 dimensions.
6.661 in
169.2 mm
7.354 in
186.8 mm
7.354 in
186.8 mm
6.457 in
164.0 mm
3.425 in
87.0 mm
0.8976 in
22.8 mm
5.701 in
144.8 mm
PR
4.157 in
105.6 mm
8.276 in
210.2 mm
3.425 in
87.0 mm
Figure 7-1. RS-440 Dimensions
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16.85 in
428.0 mm
16.34 in
415.0 mm
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16.12 in
409.5 mm
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13.98 in
355.0 mm
65
Specifications
7.3
RS-440LT Dimensions
Figure 7-2 shows the RS-440LT dimensions.
Y
Rear View
Side View
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Side View
Front View
Bottom View
Figure 7-2. RS-440LT Dimensions
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Runco RS-440 Installation/Operation Manual
Specifications
The RS-440 can display video signals from a variety of computer sources via its DVI-I and
HDMI inputs.
Table 7-2 lists the signal types that are compatible with the RS-440, and indicates which
of those are VESA standards.
Table 7-2. Computer Signal Compatibility Chart
Resolution
Horizontal
Frequency
(kHz)
Vertical
Frequency
(Hz)
31.5
70
31.5
60
37.9
72
√
√
37.5
75
√
√
43.3
85
√
√
35.1
56
√
√
37.9
60
√
√
48.1
72
√
√
46.9
75
√
√
53.7
85
√
√
48.4
60
√
√
56.5
70
√
√
60.0
75
√
√
68.7
85
√
√
47.8
60
64.0
60
√
√
80.0
75
√
√
91.1
85
√
√
VGA
SVGA
PC
640 x 480
800 x 600
1024 x 768
PR
XGA
HDMI
Support
√
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720 x 400
VESA
Standard
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PC/MAC/
WS
WXGA
1280 x 768
SXGA
1280 x 1024
√
√
√
WSXGA+
1680 x 1050
65.2
60
UXGA
1680 x 1200
75.0
60
MAC 13”
VGA
640 x 480
34.9
67
√
MAC 16”
SVGA
832 x 624
49.6
75
√
MAC 19”
XGA
1024 x 768
60.2
75
√
√
√
Notes:
1. This projector may not be able to display images from notebook computers in simultaneous
(CRT/LCD) mode. Should this occur, switch the notebook computer to “CRT only” mode. If you
are unsure how to do this, refer to your notebook computer’s user manual.
2. Interlaced video signals received through the DVI-I input may not display correctly. If this occurs,
use the Component, S-video or Composite video input instead.
3. The RS-440 does not support composite sync or sync-on-green RGB signals.
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7.4
Computer Signal
Compatibility
Specifications
7.5
Video Signal
Compatibility
Table 7-3 lists numerous common video signal formats and indicates which input(s) on the
RS-440 can accept a given format.
Table 7-3. Video Signal Compatibility Chart
H-Freq V-Freq
(kHz)
(Hz) Comp.
Resolution
SECAM
15.73
59.94/
60
768 x
576i
15.63
50
NTSC4.43
PAL-M
PAL-N
15.73
59.94/
60
15.73/
15.75
59.94/
60
IN
SD
Video
IM
NTSC-J
PAL-60
15.63
50
15.73
59.94/
60
15.73/
15.75
59.94/
60
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NTSC-50
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
(adjustment required)
(not supported)
720 x
480p
31.5
59.94/
60
√
√
√
√
576p
720 x
576p
31.3
50
√
√
√
√
28.1
50
√
√
√
√
33.8
59.94/
60
√
√
√
√
37.5
50
√
√
√
√
45.0
59.94/
60
√
√
√
√
26.98/
27
23.98/
24
√
√
√
√
56.25
50
√
√
√
√
67.4/
67.5
59.94/
60
√
√
√
√
1080i/
50
PR
SComDVI-A DVI-D HDMI
Video posite
480p
EDTV
1080i/
60
720p/
50
HDTV
√
Y
PAL
640 x
480i
A
R
NTSC
Compatible Inputs (Note 1)
720p/
60
1920 x
1080i
1280 x
720p
1080p/
24
1080p/
50
1080p/
60
1920 x
1080p
Notes: The Component input accepts both analog (YPbPr) and digital (YCbCr) signals.
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Runco RS-440 Installation/Operation Manual
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SERIAL NUM BER
020-0862-00 Rev. A
January 2008
Runco International • 2900 Faber Street • Union City, CA 94587 • Ph (510) 324-7777 / (800) 23RUNCO / Fax (510) 324-9300
www.runco.com
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Runco CL-810 Owner’s Operating Manual
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