POLYFUSE PTC Selection Guide EC327-E

POLYFUSE PTC Selection Guide EC327-E
Selection Process
1.
that the circuit parameters do not exceed
these ratings.
Determine the following circuit operating
parameters:
4. Verify that the ambient operating
temperature within close proximity to
the device is within its normal operating
range. Thermally derate IHOLD and IMAX as
necessary. See equation below.
• Normal operating current – IHOLD
• Maximum circuit voltage – VMAX
• Maximum interrupt current – IMAX
• Ambient operating temperature
2. Select the suitable form factor.
3. Compare the PTC data sheet ratings on
littelfuse.com for VMAX and IMAX to ensure
IHOLD =
IMAX
5. Check that the trip time protects
the circuit.
6. Verify that the post trip resistance (R1MAX)
of the device is taken into account in the
circuit design.
7. Independently test and evaluate the
suitability and performance of the PTC
in the actual application.
Thermal derating factor
SURFACE MOUNT
0805L
1206L
1210L
RADIAL LEADED
1812L
2016L
2920L
USBR
30R
International Sales,
Distribution and
Engineering Facilities:
Photos
Chip Size
0805 (2012)
1206 (3216)
1210 (3225)
1812 (4532)
2016 (5041)
2920 (7351)
Hold Current (IHOLD)
0.10-1.00A
0.125-2.00A
0.05-1.75A
0.10-2.60A
0.3-2.00A
0.30-3.00A
0.75-2.5A
0.9-9.00A
Max voltage (VMAX)
15V
30V
30V
60V
60V
60V
16V
30V
Max fault current (IMAX)
40A
100A
100A
100A
40A
40A
40A
40A
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
Agency approval
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
RoHS Compliant
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Lead-Free
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Operating Temperature Range
COMPETITOR CROSS
Tyco/Raychem Series
nano SMD
micro SMD
mini SMD
mid SMD
SMD
RUSB
RUE
Amp Rating
NA
0.500-1.50A
0.050-1.50A
0.140-2.60A
0.300-2.00A
0.300-3.00A
0.750-2.50A
0.900-9.00A
Max voltage
NA
6V
6-30V
6-60V
6-60V
6-60V
16V
30V
MF-NSMF
MF-USMD
MF-MSMD
MF-SMDF
MF-SM
Bourns Series
MF-R
Amp Rating
NA
0.12-2.00
0.05-1.50A
0.05-1.50A
0.55-2.00A
0.300-2.5A
NA
0.90-9.0A
Max voltage
NA
6-30V
6-30V
6-30V
10-60V
6-60V
NA
30V
PTC Selection Table (cont.)
BATTERY STRAP (AXIAL LEADED)
60R
North America
• Birmingham, Michigan USA
Des Plaines, Illinois USA
and Irving, Texas USA
Technical Assistance
Phone: 800 999 9445
847 824 1188
Fax: 847 391 0459
Europe
• Dünsen, Germany
Phone: +49 4244 8190
Fax: +49 4244 819 139
• Munich, Germany
Phone: +49 8955 27660
Fax: +49 8955 276 699
• Utrecht, The Netherlands
Phone: +31 30 299 9900
Fax: +31 30 299 9800
NO = Not offered
Series Name
World Headquarters
Littelfuse, Inc.
800 E. Northwest Highway
Des Plaines, IL 60016 USA
www.littelfuse.com
PTC Selection Table
Series Name
POLYFUSE® PTC SELECTION GUIDE
250R
600R
ST
LT
LR
VT
VL
• Swindon, England
Phone: +44 1793 720770
Fax: +44 1793 720771
Photos
0.1-3.75A
0.08-0.18A
0.15-0.16A
1.2-4.2A
0.7-3.4A
1.9-10.00A
1.7-2.4A
Max voltage (VMAX)
60V
60/250V
60/600V
15/24V
15/24V
15/20V
16V
12V
Max fault current (IMAX)
40A
3/10A
3/2.2A
100A
100A
100A
100A
100A
Operating Temperature Range
1.7-2.3A
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
Agency approval
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
RoHS Compliant
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Lead-Free
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
• Beijing, China
Phone: +86 10 8454 9408
Fax: +86 10 8454 9409
• Shanghai, China
Phone: +86 21 5383 8016
Fax: +86 21 5383 7476
• Shenzhen, China
Phone: +86 755 8207 0760
Fax: +86 755 8207 0759
• Singapore
Phone: +65 6885 9111
Fax: +65 6885 9113
• Yokohama, Japan
Phone: +81 45 478 1088
Fax: +81 45 478 1089
• Seoul, Korea
Phone: +82 2 6000 8600
Fax: +82 2 6000 8655
• Taipei, Taiwan
Phone: +886 2 8751 1234
Fax: +886 2 8751 1177
Central and South America
• São Paulo, Brasil
Phone: +55 113 835 3780
Fax: +55 113 645 0612
Chip Size
Hold Current (IHOLD)
Asia/Pacific
• Hong Kong, China
Phone: +852 2810 5099
Fax: +852 2810 5500
COMPETITOR CROSS
Tyco/Raychem Series
Amp Rating
Max voltage
RXE
TR250
TR600
SRP
LTP
LR4
VTP
VLR
0.100-3.75A
0.080-0.180A
0.150-0.160A
1.20-4.20A
0.700-3.40A
1.7-13A
1.10-2.40A
2.10-2.30A
16V
60-72V
60/250V
60/600V
15/30V
24V
15/20V
16V
MF-R/MF-RX
MF-R/250
MF-R/600
MF-S
MF-LS
MF-LR
MF-VS
Amp Rating
0.10-3.75A
0.08-0.18A
0.15-0.16A
1.2-4.2A
0.70-3.4A
1.9-9.0A
1.7-2.4A
NA
Max voltage
60V
60/250V
60/600V
15-30V
15-24V
15-20V
16V
NA
Bourns Series
NA = Not Available
5
FORM NO. EC327-E
© November 2006, Littelfuse Inc. Printed in U.S.A.
Specifications, descriptions and illustrative material in this literature are as accurate as known at the time of
publication, but are subject to change without notice.
Research and
Manufacturing Facilities:
• Arcola, Illinois USA
• Des Plaines, Illinois USA
• Dongguan, China
• Dundalk, Ireland
• Dünsen, Germany
• Irving, Texas USA
• Lipa City, Philippines
• Matamoros, Mexico
• Piedras Negras, Mexico
• Suzhou, China
• Swindon, England
• Witten, Germany
• Wuxi, China
• Yangmei, Taiwan
Surface Mount
Battery Strap
Radial Leaded
High Voltage
Radial Leaded
Recognized under the Component
Program of Underwriters Laboratories to
UL Standard 1434 for Thermistors.
The devices have also been approved for
use in Canada by Underwriters Laboratories.
Approvals for fuses include Recognition
under the Component Program of
Underwriters Laboratories and the CSA
Component Acceptance Program. In addition,
many fuses are listed in accordance with
UL/CSA/ANCE (Mexico) 248-14,
Supplemental Fuses.
OPERATING VOLTAGE RATING:
Log resistance (ohms)
General use PTCs are not rated above 60V
while fuses are rated up to 600V.
Trip Point
0805L
1206L
1210L
1812L
2920L
Ul60950 ,TIA-968-A, GR-1089 Requirements
X
X
ITU-T Recoomendations
X
X
CPE (Customer Premises Equipment)
X
X
Analog Line Card
X
X
T1/E1/J1 And HDSL
X
X
ISDN
X
X
ADSL
X
X
Cable Telephony
X
X
PBX/KTS And Key Telephone System
X
X
USB
X
X
IEEE1284 Parallel Data Bus
The terminology used for PTCs is often
similar but not the same as for fuses. Two
parameters that fall into this category are
leakage current and fault current rating.
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
IEEE 802.3
X
IEEE 1394
I/O Ports
PC Card
X
SCSI
Video Port
LCD Monitor
X
Set Top Box
Consumer
Electronics
Temperature Derating Curves Comparing PTCs to Fuses
Chart Key
C
140
Curve A
Thin-Film Fuses and 313
Series (.010 to .150A)
100
B
80
A
60
Medical
Battery
electronic
PERCENT OF RATING
Curve B
FLAT-PAK®, Telelink®,
Nano2®, PICO®,
Blade Terminal,
Special Purpose and
other leaded and
cartridge fuses
(except 313.010 – .150A)
B
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
ST
LT
LR
VT
Powered
Device
(PD)
X
X
X
Data Pair
USB 2.0
USB Port
X
X
X
Linear AC/DC Adapter
X
X
X
X
Portable Electronic Input Port
X
X
X
X
-20°C
-4°F
0°C
32°F
20°C
68°F
40°C
104°F
60°C
140°F
80°C
176°F
100°C
212°F
X
X
(2) V0402MHS03
X
1206L150
D+
D-
(2) PGB1010603
(PulseGuard®
ESD Suppressor)
Signal
Ground
Shield
Ground
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Lithium Cell
Battery Pack
Signal
Ground
Shield
Ground
IEEE 1394 – FireWire
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
1394 Port
Tip/Ring circuit – Metallic
1394 Controller
RJ11 Connector
Tx/Rx Circuits
V33MLA1206
VBU
Voltage / Current Input Terminal
X
X
1812L110/33
120°C
248°F
3
TPA+
TPATPB+
TPB-
Tip
600R Series
250R Series
SMD/leaded
SIDACtor®
Device
Ring
(PulseGuard®
ESD Suppressor)
Shield
Ground
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE
2
VBUS
D+
D-
X
20
-40°C
-40°F
USB Controller
V5.5MLA063
VBU
X
Mobile Phone
USB Port
USB Controller
1206L150
X
Smart Card Reader
Shield
Ground
USB 1.1
X
Signal
Ground
X
C
-60°C
-76°F
(3) V5.5MLA0402
(Multilayer
Varistor)
Data Pair
(4) PGB1010603
Curve C
Resettable PTCs
Control
VL
X
NOTE: The application summary is for reference only. Determination of suitability for a specific application is the responsibility of the customer.
25°C
40
60R
X
X
Electromagnetic Loads, Motor
A
Battery +
V5.5MLA0603
X
X
Solenoid Protection
120
Battery Controller IC
Data Pair
X
X
Loudspeaker
Understanding the differences in
performance between the two types of
devices will make the best circuit protection
choice easier. The most obvious difference
is that the PTC is resettable. This is an
inherent characteristic in which the PTC
resets (returns to low resistance state)
after power is removed and the device
cools down. There are a number of other
operating characteristics that differentiate
the two types of products.
30R
Battery Connector
Power Source
Equipment
(PSE)
BATTERY STRAP (AXIAL LEADED)
600R
specifications indicates that similarly-rated
PTCs have about twice (sometimes more)
the resistance of fuses.
Temperature (°C)
USBR
Powered End Station
Battery -
RADIAL LEADED
2016L
Swtich/Hub
Data Pair
250R
CPU
Comparing the time-current curves of PTCs
to time-current curves of fuses show that
the speed of response for a PTC is similar
to the time delay of a Slo-Blo® fuse.
(operating) current rating for PTCs can be
up to 14A while the maximum level for
fuses can exceed 30A.
Series Name
Li-ion Battery Pack
Application
RESISTANCE: Reviewing product
TIME-CURRENT CHARACTERISTIC:
HOLD CURRENT RATING: The hold
SURFACE MOUNT
Power Over Ethernet
Cell Phone
FAULT CURRENT: The PTC is rated for
a maximum short circuit current at rated
voltage. This fault current level is the
maximum current that the device can safely
limit keeping in mind that the PTC will not
actually interrupt the current flow (see
LEAKAGE CURRENT above). The typical
short circuit rating of a board-mounted PTC
is 40A; for battery strap PTCs, this value can
reach 100A. Fuses do in fact interrupt the
current flow in response to the overload and
the range of interrupting ratings vary from
tens of amperes up to 10,000 amperes at
rated voltage.
The application selection guide below should
be used as an aid in selecting the proper
device for your end application. Please
consult the datasheets on www.littelfuse.com
for detailed technical specifications.
complete protection for the circuit. Contact
your location Littelfuse application expert
for additional design assistance or
visit www.littelfuse.com/PTCs.
Outside World
AGENCY APPROVALS: PTCs are
PTCs are used as circuit protection in
applications where sensitive components
are at risk of damage from overcurrent
conditions. The ability of PTCs to reset
themselves after exposure to a fault current
makes them ideal for use in circuits that are
not easily accessible to a user or technician.
Typical applications include port protection
on personal computers (USB, Firewire,
keyboard/mouse, and serial ports),
peripherals (hard drives, video cards, and
hubs), cell phone, battery packs, industrial
controls, lighting ballast and motor controls.
required. The following are typical examples
of circuits using POLYFUSE® resettable
PTCs in combination with other Littelfuse
circuit protection devices to provide
Littelfuse offers a full range of battery
strap, surface mount and radial leaded
resettable PTC devices designed to protect
applications where overcurrent protection is
Telco
Additional operating characteristics can be
reviewed by the circuit designer in making
the decision to choose a PTC or a fuse for
overcurrent protection.
Systems Interface) Standard for this large
market includes a statement that “....a
Positive Temperature Coefficient device
must be used instead of a fuse, to limit the
maximum amount of current sourced”.
When to apply a resettable PTC vs. a
traditional fuse is always the choice of the
designer or technician but in some cases,
PTC’s offer a convenient form of circuit
protection to improve the reliability of an
application. There is an important area of
applications where the use of resettable
fuses (PTCs) has become a requirement.
Much of the design work for personal
computers and peripheral devices is
strongly influenced by the Microsoft and
Intel System Design Guide which states
that “Using a fuse that must be replaced
each time an overcurrent condition occurs is
unacceptable.” And the SCSI (Small Computer
Outside World
Overcurrent circuit protection can be
accomplished with the use of either a
traditional fuse or the more recently
developed resettable PTC. Both devices
function by reacting to the heat generated
by the excessive current flow in the circuit.
The fuse element melts open, interrupting
the current flow, while the PTC changes
from low resistance to high resistance
to limit current flow. The graph below
shows the response of the PTC device
to temperature.
Protection is accomplished by limiting the
current flow to a low leakage level. Leakage
current can range from less than a hundred
milliamps at rated voltage up to a few
hundred milliamps at lower voltages.
The fuse on the other hand completely
interrupts the current flow and this open
circuit results in no leakage current after it
has been subjected to an overload current.
PTC Applications
Outside World
This function is called “tripping” of the
overcurrent protection device.
TEMPERATURE DERATING: The useful
upper limit for a PTC is generally 85°C while
the maximum operating temperature for
fuses is 125°C. The following temperature
derating curves (see chart at bottom of
page) that compare PTCs to fuses illustrate
that more derating is required for a PTC at a
given temperature.
have “tripped” when it has transitioned
from its low resistance state to a high
resistance state due to overload current.
Telecom
A polymeric PTC (positive temperature
coefficient) overcurrent protector is an
element placed in series with the circuit or
assembly to be protected. The PTC
element protects the circuit by changing
from a low-resistance to a high resistance
state in response to an overcurrent.
LEAKAGE CURRENT: A PTC is said to
Computer
PTC Characteristics
and Terminology
Signal
Ground
Signal
Ground
4
Selection Process
1.
that the circuit parameters do not exceed
these ratings.
Determine the following circuit operating
parameters:
4. Verify that the ambient operating
temperature within close proximity to
the device is within its normal operating
range. Thermally derate IHOLD and IMAX as
necessary. See equation below.
• Normal operating current – IHOLD
• Maximum circuit voltage – VMAX
• Maximum interrupt current – IMAX
• Ambient operating temperature
2. Select the suitable form factor.
3. Compare the PTC data sheet ratings on
littelfuse.com for VMAX and IMAX to ensure
IHOLD =
IMAX
5. Check that the trip time protects
the circuit.
6. Verify that the post trip resistance (R1MAX)
of the device is taken into account in the
circuit design.
7. Independently test and evaluate the
suitability and performance of the PTC
in the actual application.
Thermal derating factor
SURFACE MOUNT
0805L
1206L
1210L
RADIAL LEADED
1812L
2016L
2920L
USBR
30R
International Sales,
Distribution and
Engineering Facilities:
Photos
Chip Size
0805 (2012)
1206 (3216)
1210 (3225)
1812 (4532)
2016 (5041)
2920 (7351)
Hold Current (IHOLD)
0.10-1.00A
0.125-2.00A
0.05-1.75A
0.10-2.60A
0.3-2.00A
0.30-3.00A
0.75-2.5A
0.9-9.00A
Max voltage (VMAX)
15V
30V
30V
60V
60V
60V
16V
30V
Max fault current (IMAX)
40A
100A
100A
100A
40A
40A
40A
40A
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
Agency approval
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
RoHS Compliant
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Lead-Free
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Operating Temperature Range
COMPETITOR CROSS
Tyco/Raychem Series
nano SMD
micro SMD
mini SMD
mid SMD
SMD
RUSB
RUE
Amp Rating
NA
0.500-1.50A
0.050-1.50A
0.140-2.60A
0.300-2.00A
0.300-3.00A
0.750-2.50A
0.900-9.00A
Max voltage
NA
6V
6-30V
6-60V
6-60V
6-60V
16V
30V
MF-NSMF
MF-USMD
MF-MSMD
MF-SMDF
MF-SM
Bourns Series
MF-R
Amp Rating
NA
0.12-2.00
0.05-1.50A
0.05-1.50A
0.55-2.00A
0.300-2.5A
NA
0.90-9.0A
Max voltage
NA
6-30V
6-30V
6-30V
10-60V
6-60V
NA
30V
PTC Selection Table (cont.)
BATTERY STRAP (AXIAL LEADED)
60R
North America
• Birmingham, Michigan USA
Des Plaines, Illinois USA
and Irving, Texas USA
Technical Assistance
Phone: 800 999 9445
847 824 1188
Fax: 847 391 0459
Europe
• Dünsen, Germany
Phone: +49 4244 8190
Fax: +49 4244 819 139
• Munich, Germany
Phone: +49 8955 27660
Fax: +49 8955 276 699
• Utrecht, The Netherlands
Phone: +31 30 299 9900
Fax: +31 30 299 9800
NO = Not offered
Series Name
World Headquarters
Littelfuse, Inc.
800 E. Northwest Highway
Des Plaines, IL 60016 USA
www.littelfuse.com
PTC Selection Table
Series Name
POLYFUSE® PTC SELECTION GUIDE
250R
600R
ST
LT
LR
VT
VL
• Swindon, England
Phone: +44 1793 720770
Fax: +44 1793 720771
Photos
0.1-3.75A
0.08-0.18A
0.15-0.16A
1.2-4.2A
0.7-3.4A
1.9-10.00A
1.7-2.4A
Max voltage (VMAX)
60V
60/250V
60/600V
15/24V
15/24V
15/20V
16V
12V
Max fault current (IMAX)
40A
3/10A
3/2.2A
100A
100A
100A
100A
100A
Operating Temperature Range
1.7-2.3A
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
Agency approval
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
RoHS Compliant
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Lead-Free
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
• Beijing, China
Phone: +86 10 8454 9408
Fax: +86 10 8454 9409
• Shanghai, China
Phone: +86 21 5383 8016
Fax: +86 21 5383 7476
• Shenzhen, China
Phone: +86 755 8207 0760
Fax: +86 755 8207 0759
• Singapore
Phone: +65 6885 9111
Fax: +65 6885 9113
• Yokohama, Japan
Phone: +81 45 478 1088
Fax: +81 45 478 1089
• Seoul, Korea
Phone: +82 2 6000 8600
Fax: +82 2 6000 8655
• Taipei, Taiwan
Phone: +886 2 8751 1234
Fax: +886 2 8751 1177
Central and South America
• São Paulo, Brasil
Phone: +55 113 835 3780
Fax: +55 113 645 0612
Chip Size
Hold Current (IHOLD)
Asia/Pacific
• Hong Kong, China
Phone: +852 2810 5099
Fax: +852 2810 5500
COMPETITOR CROSS
Tyco/Raychem Series
Amp Rating
Max voltage
RXE
TR250
TR600
SRP
LTP
LR4
VTP
VLR
0.100-3.75A
0.080-0.180A
0.150-0.160A
1.20-4.20A
0.700-3.40A
1.7-13A
1.10-2.40A
2.10-2.30A
16V
60-72V
60/250V
60/600V
15/30V
24V
15/20V
16V
MF-R/MF-RX
MF-R/250
MF-R/600
MF-S
MF-LS
MF-LR
MF-VS
Amp Rating
0.10-3.75A
0.08-0.18A
0.15-0.16A
1.2-4.2A
0.70-3.4A
1.9-9.0A
1.7-2.4A
NA
Max voltage
60V
60/250V
60/600V
15-30V
15-24V
15-20V
16V
NA
Bourns Series
NA = Not Available
5
FORM NO. EC327-E
© November 2006, Littelfuse Inc. Printed in U.S.A.
Specifications, descriptions and illustrative material in this literature are as accurate as known at the time of
publication, but are subject to change without notice.
Research and
Manufacturing Facilities:
• Arcola, Illinois USA
• Des Plaines, Illinois USA
• Dongguan, China
• Dundalk, Ireland
• Dünsen, Germany
• Irving, Texas USA
• Lipa City, Philippines
• Matamoros, Mexico
• Piedras Negras, Mexico
• Suzhou, China
• Swindon, England
• Witten, Germany
• Wuxi, China
• Yangmei, Taiwan
Surface Mount
Battery Strap
Radial Leaded
High Voltage
Radial Leaded
Recognized under the Component
Program of Underwriters Laboratories to
UL Standard 1434 for Thermistors.
The devices have also been approved for
use in Canada by Underwriters Laboratories.
Approvals for fuses include Recognition
under the Component Program of
Underwriters Laboratories and the CSA
Component Acceptance Program. In addition,
many fuses are listed in accordance with
UL/CSA/ANCE (Mexico) 248-14,
Supplemental Fuses.
OPERATING VOLTAGE RATING:
Log resistance (ohms)
General use PTCs are not rated above 60V
while fuses are rated up to 600V.
Trip Point
0805L
1206L
1210L
1812L
2920L
Ul60950 ,TIA-968-A, GR-1089 Requirements
X
X
ITU-T Recoomendations
X
X
CPE (Customer Premises Equipment)
X
X
Analog Line Card
X
X
T1/E1/J1 And HDSL
X
X
ISDN
X
X
ADSL
X
X
Cable Telephony
X
X
PBX/KTS And Key Telephone System
X
X
USB
X
X
IEEE1284 Parallel Data Bus
The terminology used for PTCs is often
similar but not the same as for fuses. Two
parameters that fall into this category are
leakage current and fault current rating.
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
IEEE 802.3
X
IEEE 1394
I/O Ports
PC Card
X
SCSI
Video Port
LCD Monitor
X
Set Top Box
Consumer
Electronics
Temperature Derating Curves Comparing PTCs to Fuses
Chart Key
C
140
Curve A
Thin-Film Fuses and 313
Series (.010 to .150A)
100
B
80
A
60
Medical
Battery
electronic
PERCENT OF RATING
Curve B
FLAT-PAK®, Telelink®,
Nano2®, PICO®,
Blade Terminal,
Special Purpose and
other leaded and
cartridge fuses
(except 313.010 – .150A)
B
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
ST
LT
LR
VT
Powered
Device
(PD)
X
X
X
Data Pair
USB 2.0
USB Port
X
X
X
Linear AC/DC Adapter
X
X
X
X
Portable Electronic Input Port
X
X
X
X
-20°C
-4°F
0°C
32°F
20°C
68°F
40°C
104°F
60°C
140°F
80°C
176°F
100°C
212°F
X
X
(2) V0402MHS03
X
1206L150
D+
D-
(2) PGB1010603
(PulseGuard®
ESD Suppressor)
Signal
Ground
Shield
Ground
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Lithium Cell
Battery Pack
Signal
Ground
Shield
Ground
IEEE 1394 – FireWire
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
1394 Port
Tip/Ring circuit – Metallic
1394 Controller
RJ11 Connector
Tx/Rx Circuits
V33MLA1206
VBU
Voltage / Current Input Terminal
X
X
1812L110/33
120°C
248°F
3
TPA+
TPATPB+
TPB-
Tip
600R Series
250R Series
SMD/leaded
SIDACtor®
Device
Ring
(PulseGuard®
ESD Suppressor)
Shield
Ground
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE
2
VBUS
D+
D-
X
20
-40°C
-40°F
USB Controller
V5.5MLA063
VBU
X
Mobile Phone
USB Port
USB Controller
1206L150
X
Smart Card Reader
Shield
Ground
USB 1.1
X
Signal
Ground
X
C
-60°C
-76°F
(3) V5.5MLA0402
(Multilayer
Varistor)
Data Pair
(4) PGB1010603
Curve C
Resettable PTCs
Control
VL
X
NOTE: The application summary is for reference only. Determination of suitability for a specific application is the responsibility of the customer.
25°C
40
60R
X
X
Electromagnetic Loads, Motor
A
Battery +
V5.5MLA0603
X
X
Solenoid Protection
120
Battery Controller IC
Data Pair
X
X
Loudspeaker
Understanding the differences in
performance between the two types of
devices will make the best circuit protection
choice easier. The most obvious difference
is that the PTC is resettable. This is an
inherent characteristic in which the PTC
resets (returns to low resistance state)
after power is removed and the device
cools down. There are a number of other
operating characteristics that differentiate
the two types of products.
30R
Battery Connector
Power Source
Equipment
(PSE)
BATTERY STRAP (AXIAL LEADED)
600R
specifications indicates that similarly-rated
PTCs have about twice (sometimes more)
the resistance of fuses.
Temperature (°C)
USBR
Powered End Station
Battery -
RADIAL LEADED
2016L
Swtich/Hub
Data Pair
250R
CPU
Comparing the time-current curves of PTCs
to time-current curves of fuses show that
the speed of response for a PTC is similar
to the time delay of a Slo-Blo® fuse.
(operating) current rating for PTCs can be
up to 14A while the maximum level for
fuses can exceed 30A.
Series Name
Li-ion Battery Pack
Application
RESISTANCE: Reviewing product
TIME-CURRENT CHARACTERISTIC:
HOLD CURRENT RATING: The hold
SURFACE MOUNT
Power Over Ethernet
Cell Phone
FAULT CURRENT: The PTC is rated for
a maximum short circuit current at rated
voltage. This fault current level is the
maximum current that the device can safely
limit keeping in mind that the PTC will not
actually interrupt the current flow (see
LEAKAGE CURRENT above). The typical
short circuit rating of a board-mounted PTC
is 40A; for battery strap PTCs, this value can
reach 100A. Fuses do in fact interrupt the
current flow in response to the overload and
the range of interrupting ratings vary from
tens of amperes up to 10,000 amperes at
rated voltage.
The application selection guide below should
be used as an aid in selecting the proper
device for your end application. Please
consult the datasheets on www.littelfuse.com
for detailed technical specifications.
complete protection for the circuit. Contact
your location Littelfuse application expert
for additional design assistance or
visit www.littelfuse.com/PTCs.
Outside World
AGENCY APPROVALS: PTCs are
PTCs are used as circuit protection in
applications where sensitive components
are at risk of damage from overcurrent
conditions. The ability of PTCs to reset
themselves after exposure to a fault current
makes them ideal for use in circuits that are
not easily accessible to a user or technician.
Typical applications include port protection
on personal computers (USB, Firewire,
keyboard/mouse, and serial ports),
peripherals (hard drives, video cards, and
hubs), cell phone, battery packs, industrial
controls, lighting ballast and motor controls.
required. The following are typical examples
of circuits using POLYFUSE® resettable
PTCs in combination with other Littelfuse
circuit protection devices to provide
Littelfuse offers a full range of battery
strap, surface mount and radial leaded
resettable PTC devices designed to protect
applications where overcurrent protection is
Telco
Additional operating characteristics can be
reviewed by the circuit designer in making
the decision to choose a PTC or a fuse for
overcurrent protection.
Systems Interface) Standard for this large
market includes a statement that “....a
Positive Temperature Coefficient device
must be used instead of a fuse, to limit the
maximum amount of current sourced”.
When to apply a resettable PTC vs. a
traditional fuse is always the choice of the
designer or technician but in some cases,
PTC’s offer a convenient form of circuit
protection to improve the reliability of an
application. There is an important area of
applications where the use of resettable
fuses (PTCs) has become a requirement.
Much of the design work for personal
computers and peripheral devices is
strongly influenced by the Microsoft and
Intel System Design Guide which states
that “Using a fuse that must be replaced
each time an overcurrent condition occurs is
unacceptable.” And the SCSI (Small Computer
Outside World
Overcurrent circuit protection can be
accomplished with the use of either a
traditional fuse or the more recently
developed resettable PTC. Both devices
function by reacting to the heat generated
by the excessive current flow in the circuit.
The fuse element melts open, interrupting
the current flow, while the PTC changes
from low resistance to high resistance
to limit current flow. The graph below
shows the response of the PTC device
to temperature.
Protection is accomplished by limiting the
current flow to a low leakage level. Leakage
current can range from less than a hundred
milliamps at rated voltage up to a few
hundred milliamps at lower voltages.
The fuse on the other hand completely
interrupts the current flow and this open
circuit results in no leakage current after it
has been subjected to an overload current.
PTC Applications
Outside World
This function is called “tripping” of the
overcurrent protection device.
TEMPERATURE DERATING: The useful
upper limit for a PTC is generally 85°C while
the maximum operating temperature for
fuses is 125°C. The following temperature
derating curves (see chart at bottom of
page) that compare PTCs to fuses illustrate
that more derating is required for a PTC at a
given temperature.
have “tripped” when it has transitioned
from its low resistance state to a high
resistance state due to overload current.
Telecom
A polymeric PTC (positive temperature
coefficient) overcurrent protector is an
element placed in series with the circuit or
assembly to be protected. The PTC
element protects the circuit by changing
from a low-resistance to a high resistance
state in response to an overcurrent.
LEAKAGE CURRENT: A PTC is said to
Computer
PTC Characteristics
and Terminology
Signal
Ground
Signal
Ground
4
Recognized under the Component
Program of Underwriters Laboratories to
UL Standard 1434 for Thermistors.
The devices have also been approved for
use in Canada by Underwriters Laboratories.
Approvals for fuses include Recognition
under the Component Program of
Underwriters Laboratories and the CSA
Component Acceptance Program. In addition,
many fuses are listed in accordance with
UL/CSA/ANCE (Mexico) 248-14,
Supplemental Fuses.
OPERATING VOLTAGE RATING:
Log resistance (ohms)
General use PTCs are not rated above 60V
while fuses are rated up to 600V.
Trip Point
0805L
1206L
1210L
1812L
2920L
Ul60950 ,TIA-968-A, GR-1089 Requirements
X
X
ITU-T Recoomendations
X
X
CPE (Customer Premises Equipment)
X
X
Analog Line Card
X
X
T1/E1/J1 And HDSL
X
X
ISDN
X
X
ADSL
X
X
Cable Telephony
X
X
PBX/KTS And Key Telephone System
X
X
USB
X
X
IEEE1284 Parallel Data Bus
The terminology used for PTCs is often
similar but not the same as for fuses. Two
parameters that fall into this category are
leakage current and fault current rating.
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
IEEE 802.3
X
IEEE 1394
I/O Ports
PC Card
X
SCSI
Video Port
LCD Monitor
X
Set Top Box
Consumer
Electronics
Temperature Derating Curves Comparing PTCs to Fuses
Chart Key
C
140
Curve A
Thin-Film Fuses and 313
Series (.010 to .150A)
100
B
80
A
60
Medical
Battery
electronic
PERCENT OF RATING
Curve B
FLAT-PAK®, Telelink®,
Nano2®, PICO®,
Blade Terminal,
Special Purpose and
other leaded and
cartridge fuses
(except 313.010 – .150A)
B
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
ST
LT
LR
VT
Powered
Device
(PD)
X
X
X
Data Pair
USB 2.0
USB Port
X
X
X
Linear AC/DC Adapter
X
X
X
X
Portable Electronic Input Port
X
X
X
X
-20°C
-4°F
0°C
32°F
20°C
68°F
40°C
104°F
60°C
140°F
80°C
176°F
100°C
212°F
X
X
(2) V0402MHS03
X
1206L150
D+
D-
(2) PGB1010603
(PulseGuard®
ESD Suppressor)
Signal
Ground
Shield
Ground
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Lithium Cell
Battery Pack
Signal
Ground
Shield
Ground
IEEE 1394 – FireWire
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
1394 Port
Tip/Ring circuit – Metallic
1394 Controller
RJ11 Connector
Tx/Rx Circuits
V33MLA1206
VBU
Voltage / Current Input Terminal
X
X
1812L110/33
120°C
248°F
3
TPA+
TPATPB+
TPB-
Tip
600R Series
250R Series
SMD/leaded
SIDACtor®
Device
Ring
(PulseGuard®
ESD Suppressor)
Shield
Ground
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE
2
VBUS
D+
D-
X
20
-40°C
-40°F
USB Controller
V5.5MLA063
VBU
X
Mobile Phone
USB Port
USB Controller
1206L150
X
Smart Card Reader
Shield
Ground
USB 1.1
X
Signal
Ground
X
C
-60°C
-76°F
(3) V5.5MLA0402
(Multilayer
Varistor)
Data Pair
(4) PGB1010603
Curve C
Resettable PTCs
Control
VL
X
NOTE: The application summary is for reference only. Determination of suitability for a specific application is the responsibility of the customer.
25°C
40
60R
X
X
Electromagnetic Loads, Motor
A
Battery +
V5.5MLA0603
X
X
Solenoid Protection
120
Battery Controller IC
Data Pair
X
X
Loudspeaker
Understanding the differences in
performance between the two types of
devices will make the best circuit protection
choice easier. The most obvious difference
is that the PTC is resettable. This is an
inherent characteristic in which the PTC
resets (returns to low resistance state)
after power is removed and the device
cools down. There are a number of other
operating characteristics that differentiate
the two types of products.
30R
Battery Connector
Power Source
Equipment
(PSE)
BATTERY STRAP (AXIAL LEADED)
600R
specifications indicates that similarly-rated
PTCs have about twice (sometimes more)
the resistance of fuses.
Temperature (°C)
USBR
Powered End Station
Battery -
RADIAL LEADED
2016L
Swtich/Hub
Data Pair
250R
CPU
Comparing the time-current curves of PTCs
to time-current curves of fuses show that
the speed of response for a PTC is similar
to the time delay of a Slo-Blo® fuse.
(operating) current rating for PTCs can be
up to 14A while the maximum level for
fuses can exceed 30A.
Series Name
Li-ion Battery Pack
Application
RESISTANCE: Reviewing product
TIME-CURRENT CHARACTERISTIC:
HOLD CURRENT RATING: The hold
SURFACE MOUNT
Power Over Ethernet
Cell Phone
FAULT CURRENT: The PTC is rated for
a maximum short circuit current at rated
voltage. This fault current level is the
maximum current that the device can safely
limit keeping in mind that the PTC will not
actually interrupt the current flow (see
LEAKAGE CURRENT above). The typical
short circuit rating of a board-mounted PTC
is 40A; for battery strap PTCs, this value can
reach 100A. Fuses do in fact interrupt the
current flow in response to the overload and
the range of interrupting ratings vary from
tens of amperes up to 10,000 amperes at
rated voltage.
The application selection guide below should
be used as an aid in selecting the proper
device for your end application. Please
consult the datasheets on www.littelfuse.com
for detailed technical specifications.
complete protection for the circuit. Contact
your location Littelfuse application expert
for additional design assistance or
visit www.littelfuse.com/PTCs.
Outside World
AGENCY APPROVALS: PTCs are
PTCs are used as circuit protection in
applications where sensitive components
are at risk of damage from overcurrent
conditions. The ability of PTCs to reset
themselves after exposure to a fault current
makes them ideal for use in circuits that are
not easily accessible to a user or technician.
Typical applications include port protection
on personal computers (USB, Firewire,
keyboard/mouse, and serial ports),
peripherals (hard drives, video cards, and
hubs), cell phone, battery packs, industrial
controls, lighting ballast and motor controls.
required. The following are typical examples
of circuits using POLYFUSE® resettable
PTCs in combination with other Littelfuse
circuit protection devices to provide
Littelfuse offers a full range of battery
strap, surface mount and radial leaded
resettable PTC devices designed to protect
applications where overcurrent protection is
Telco
Additional operating characteristics can be
reviewed by the circuit designer in making
the decision to choose a PTC or a fuse for
overcurrent protection.
Systems Interface) Standard for this large
market includes a statement that “....a
Positive Temperature Coefficient device
must be used instead of a fuse, to limit the
maximum amount of current sourced”.
When to apply a resettable PTC vs. a
traditional fuse is always the choice of the
designer or technician but in some cases,
PTC’s offer a convenient form of circuit
protection to improve the reliability of an
application. There is an important area of
applications where the use of resettable
fuses (PTCs) has become a requirement.
Much of the design work for personal
computers and peripheral devices is
strongly influenced by the Microsoft and
Intel System Design Guide which states
that “Using a fuse that must be replaced
each time an overcurrent condition occurs is
unacceptable.” And the SCSI (Small Computer
Outside World
Overcurrent circuit protection can be
accomplished with the use of either a
traditional fuse or the more recently
developed resettable PTC. Both devices
function by reacting to the heat generated
by the excessive current flow in the circuit.
The fuse element melts open, interrupting
the current flow, while the PTC changes
from low resistance to high resistance
to limit current flow. The graph below
shows the response of the PTC device
to temperature.
Protection is accomplished by limiting the
current flow to a low leakage level. Leakage
current can range from less than a hundred
milliamps at rated voltage up to a few
hundred milliamps at lower voltages.
The fuse on the other hand completely
interrupts the current flow and this open
circuit results in no leakage current after it
has been subjected to an overload current.
PTC Applications
Outside World
This function is called “tripping” of the
overcurrent protection device.
TEMPERATURE DERATING: The useful
upper limit for a PTC is generally 85°C while
the maximum operating temperature for
fuses is 125°C. The following temperature
derating curves (see chart at bottom of
page) that compare PTCs to fuses illustrate
that more derating is required for a PTC at a
given temperature.
have “tripped” when it has transitioned
from its low resistance state to a high
resistance state due to overload current.
Telecom
A polymeric PTC (positive temperature
coefficient) overcurrent protector is an
element placed in series with the circuit or
assembly to be protected. The PTC
element protects the circuit by changing
from a low-resistance to a high resistance
state in response to an overcurrent.
LEAKAGE CURRENT: A PTC is said to
Computer
PTC Characteristics
and Terminology
Signal
Ground
Signal
Ground
4
Selection Process
1.
that the circuit parameters do not exceed
these ratings.
Determine the following circuit operating
parameters:
4. Verify that the ambient operating
temperature within close proximity to
the device is within its normal operating
range. Thermally derate IHOLD and IMAX as
necessary. See equation below.
• Normal operating current – IHOLD
• Maximum circuit voltage – VMAX
• Maximum interrupt current – IMAX
• Ambient operating temperature
2. Select the suitable form factor.
3. Compare the PTC data sheet ratings on
littelfuse.com for VMAX and IMAX to ensure
IHOLD =
IMAX
5. Check that the trip time protects
the circuit.
6. Verify that the post trip resistance (R1MAX)
of the device is taken into account in the
circuit design.
7. Independently test and evaluate the
suitability and performance of the PTC
in the actual application.
Thermal derating factor
SURFACE MOUNT
0805L
1206L
1210L
RADIAL LEADED
1812L
2016L
2920L
USBR
30R
International Sales,
Distribution and
Engineering Facilities:
Photos
Chip Size
0805 (2012)
1206 (3216)
1210 (3225)
1812 (4532)
2016 (5041)
2920 (7351)
Hold Current (IHOLD)
0.10-1.00A
0.125-2.00A
0.05-1.75A
0.10-2.60A
0.3-2.00A
0.30-3.00A
0.75-2.5A
0.9-9.00A
Max voltage (VMAX)
15V
30V
30V
60V
60V
60V
16V
30V
Max fault current (IMAX)
40A
100A
100A
100A
40A
40A
40A
40A
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
Agency approval
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
RoHS Compliant
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Lead-Free
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Operating Temperature Range
COMPETITOR CROSS
Tyco/Raychem Series
nano SMD
micro SMD
mini SMD
mid SMD
SMD
RUSB
RUE
Amp Rating
NA
0.500-1.50A
0.050-1.50A
0.140-2.60A
0.300-2.00A
0.300-3.00A
0.750-2.50A
0.900-9.00A
Max voltage
NA
6V
6-30V
6-60V
6-60V
6-60V
16V
30V
MF-NSMF
MF-USMD
MF-MSMD
MF-SMDF
MF-SM
Bourns Series
MF-R
Amp Rating
NA
0.12-2.00
0.05-1.50A
0.05-1.50A
0.55-2.00A
0.300-2.5A
NA
0.90-9.0A
Max voltage
NA
6-30V
6-30V
6-30V
10-60V
6-60V
NA
30V
PTC Selection Table (cont.)
BATTERY STRAP (AXIAL LEADED)
60R
North America
• Birmingham, Michigan USA
Des Plaines, Illinois USA
and Irving, Texas USA
Technical Assistance
Phone: 800 999 9445
847 824 1188
Fax: 847 391 0459
Europe
• Dünsen, Germany
Phone: +49 4244 8190
Fax: +49 4244 819 139
• Munich, Germany
Phone: +49 8955 27660
Fax: +49 8955 276 699
• Utrecht, The Netherlands
Phone: +31 30 299 9900
Fax: +31 30 299 9800
NO = Not offered
Series Name
World Headquarters
Littelfuse, Inc.
800 E. Northwest Highway
Des Plaines, IL 60016 USA
www.littelfuse.com
PTC Selection Table
Series Name
POLYFUSE® PTC SELECTION GUIDE
250R
600R
ST
LT
LR
VT
VL
• Swindon, England
Phone: +44 1793 720770
Fax: +44 1793 720771
Photos
0.1-3.75A
0.08-0.18A
0.15-0.16A
1.2-4.2A
0.7-3.4A
1.9-10.00A
1.7-2.4A
Max voltage (VMAX)
60V
60/250V
60/600V
15/24V
15/24V
15/20V
16V
12V
Max fault current (IMAX)
40A
3/10A
3/2.2A
100A
100A
100A
100A
100A
Operating Temperature Range
1.7-2.3A
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
Agency approval
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
cULus, TUV
RoHS Compliant
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Lead-Free
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
• Beijing, China
Phone: +86 10 8454 9408
Fax: +86 10 8454 9409
• Shanghai, China
Phone: +86 21 5383 8016
Fax: +86 21 5383 7476
• Shenzhen, China
Phone: +86 755 8207 0760
Fax: +86 755 8207 0759
• Singapore
Phone: +65 6885 9111
Fax: +65 6885 9113
• Yokohama, Japan
Phone: +81 45 478 1088
Fax: +81 45 478 1089
• Seoul, Korea
Phone: +82 2 6000 8600
Fax: +82 2 6000 8655
• Taipei, Taiwan
Phone: +886 2 8751 1234
Fax: +886 2 8751 1177
Central and South America
• São Paulo, Brasil
Phone: +55 113 835 3780
Fax: +55 113 645 0612
Chip Size
Hold Current (IHOLD)
Asia/Pacific
• Hong Kong, China
Phone: +852 2810 5099
Fax: +852 2810 5500
COMPETITOR CROSS
Tyco/Raychem Series
Amp Rating
Max voltage
RXE
TR250
TR600
SRP
LTP
LR4
VTP
VLR
0.100-3.75A
0.080-0.180A
0.150-0.160A
1.20-4.20A
0.700-3.40A
1.7-13A
1.10-2.40A
2.10-2.30A
16V
60-72V
60/250V
60/600V
15/30V
24V
15/20V
16V
MF-R/MF-RX
MF-R/250
MF-R/600
MF-S
MF-LS
MF-LR
MF-VS
Amp Rating
0.10-3.75A
0.08-0.18A
0.15-0.16A
1.2-4.2A
0.70-3.4A
1.9-9.0A
1.7-2.4A
NA
Max voltage
60V
60/250V
60/600V
15-30V
15-24V
15-20V
16V
NA
Bourns Series
NA = Not Available
5
FORM NO. EC327-E
© November 2006, Littelfuse Inc. Printed in U.S.A.
Specifications, descriptions and illustrative material in this literature are as accurate as known at the time of
publication, but are subject to change without notice.
Research and
Manufacturing Facilities:
• Arcola, Illinois USA
• Des Plaines, Illinois USA
• Dongguan, China
• Dundalk, Ireland
• Dünsen, Germany
• Irving, Texas USA
• Lipa City, Philippines
• Matamoros, Mexico
• Piedras Negras, Mexico
• Suzhou, China
• Swindon, England
• Witten, Germany
• Wuxi, China
• Yangmei, Taiwan
Surface Mount
Battery Strap
Radial Leaded
High Voltage
Radial Leaded
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