Wagan | Elite 2000W | User`s manual | Wagan Elite 2000W User`s manual

Item no. 2205
User’s Manual
Elite 2000W—Pure Sine Inverter by Wagan Tech
User’s Manual—Read before using this equipment
General Instructions:
Thank you for purchasing this Wagan Pure Sine Wave DC to AC Power
Inverter. It delivers a true sine wave AC identical to that of commercial power.
Use this inverter to power AC appliances in your vehicle, at a campsite, or
at home as an emergency source of AC power. Pure Sine Wave AC means
that your sensitive electronics such as audio/video systems, computers, and
communications equipment will operate properly. This inverter is powered
from 12 volts DC and it will continuously deliver 2,000 watts AC power at 115
Volts, 60 Hz.
• Keep the inverter away from any direct heat source or combustible
For your convenience, this inverter is supplied with a wireless remote control
and a set of cables. The installer must install a fuse and fuse holder for battery
protection. See Configuring Battery Bank section.
• Do not attempt to connect the inverter to any other power source,
including any AC power source.
This Wagan 2,000 watt Pure Sine Wave Inverter is an indispensable addition
to your compliment of mobile power equipment. With minimal care and
proper treatment it will provide years of reliable service. Please read and
understand this manual before installing and operating this inverter. Keep this
manual for future use.
• Keep well ventilated–this device generates heat.
• Keep the inverter away from combustible gases.
• Do not continuously operate any equipment over 2,000 watts.
• This inverter is designed to operate from a 12 volt DC power source
• Incorrect battery polarity will damage the inverter and void the warranty.
• Keep this inverter in a dry environment.
• Do not open the inverter; there are no user serviceable parts inside.
The inverter output can
be lethal. I mproper use of this inverter may
result in property damage, personal injury, or loss of life.
About This Inverter.
This power inverter converts 12 volts, direct current (12V DC) to 115
volts alternating household current (115V AC). It easily powers TV/VCR
combinations, small microwave ovens, and refrigerators. It also operates at
high efficiency (up to 90%) that results in long running time and extended
battery life compared to other inverters with this level of power output.
This inverter has the highest surge capability in its class. Superior surge
capability of 4,000 watts allows the inverter to start most difficult motorized
appliances. Advanced microprocessor-controlled circuits run cooler and are
more reliable than competing units.
©2012 Wagan Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
Wagan Tech and wagan.com are trademarks used by Wagan Corporation
Elite 2000W—Pure Sine Inverter by Wagan Tech
User’s Manual—Read before using this equipment
Product Features
Front Panel
Front Panel
The Front Panel view shows the inverters ON/OFF Switch, Indicators, AC
Outlets, and Ground Terminal.
• ON/OFF Switch
This switch controls AC output of the inverter.
• The FAULT indicator turns RED as the inverter shuts down because of:
Excessive Temperature, Overload, Under Voltage or Over voltage.
Immediately turn off all AC appliances if the FAULT LED is lit. Allow the
inverter to cool before continuing. Make sure that the ventilation vents
are not blocked.
If an inverter “shutdown” was preceded by a buzzing sound, there may
excessive load, in combination with a low voltage or cable problem.
Display Mode
ON/OFF Switch
Display Mode Selector
Fault indicator (Red)
Digital Display
AC Outlets
Observe the Digital Display for low battery voltage. Normal operating
range is 10.5V to 15V DC.
• Digital Display: Press the green Display Mode Selector button to change
current display mode. The Green LEDs will light correspondingly.
• Output Voltage: Displays DC output load.
• Input Voltage: Displays DC input that the inverter senses at its terminals. Low battery, excessive load for the cables can cause a low
voltage reading and inverter shutdown. Low battery is also indicated
when the Audible Alarm sounds.
• Output Power: Shows the “Percent of Load that the inverter can
handle”. If the inverter has excessive load “OVL” will be displayed.
• Audible Alarm (internal to the inverter)
When the audible Alarm makes a buzzing sound, the inverter senses a
low battery condition. The user should reduce the AC load, charge the
battery, and check the DC cable or excessive losses.
Remote On/OFF Switch
This inverter is supplied with a 100-foot range battery-powered wireless
remote ON/OFF feature. To enable the Remote Switch, the front panel On/Off
Switch must be in the On position.
To turn On the inverter, momentarily press ON. To turn the inverter Off,
momentarily press “Lock”. If the wireless remote fails to control operation of
the inverter, you may be out of range for the radio signal—move closer to
the inverter. If the Remote Switch has a depleted battery, open the unit by
unscrewing the three small screws on the back side of the remote control and
replace the 12 volt model 23A alkaline battery with a new one.
©2012 Wagan Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
Wagan Tech and wagan.com are trademarks used by Wagan Corporation
Elite 2000W—Pure Sine Inverter by Wagan Tech
User’s Manual—Read before using this equipment
Rear Panel
ON switch
OFF switch
Sliding Cap
Negative Terminal (black)
Positive Terminal (red)
Cooling Fans
Load Considerations
Retracted Antenna
Extended Antenna
When an appliance with a motor starts, it requires a momentary surge of
power. This surge of power is the “starting load” or “peak load”. Once started,
the appliance requires less power to continue to operate. This is known as the
“continuous load”. It is important to know the starting loads and the continuous
loads of the appliances that are to be powered by the inverter.
Appliance power is rated in watts. This information is usually stamped or
printed on most appliances and equipment. In some cases, a tool will be rated
in amperes. To convert from amps to watts, multiply:
Rear Panel
• Positive Terminal (red): Positive DC Input
• Negative Terminal (black): Negative DC Input
• Cooling Fans: High-speed and temperature controlled
Amps x 115 (AC voltage) = Watts
This formula yields an approximation of the continuous wattage load of that
The startup load of an appliance is a major factor of whether this inverter can
power it.
©2012 Wagan Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
Wagan Tech and wagan.com are trademarks used by Wagan Corporation
Elite 2000W—Pure Sine Inverter by Wagan Tech
Startup load is momentary. With many appliances, it is approximately twice
the continuous load, but some appliance startup loads can be as high as eight
times the continuous load.
To determine if an appliance or tool will operate with this inverter, run a test.
This inverter will automatically shut down in the event of an output overload,
so there is no danger of damaging either the inverter or the equipment. When
lit, a red LED indicator signals a fault.
Planning the Inverter System
Any large wattage inverter system requires planning before installation. There
are several steps to the planning process so the user must determine the
• Maximum inverter wattage required.
• Operating time (run time) needed between battery recharges.
• Battery bank capacity in amp-hours.
• Charger requirement to charge batteries within a practical time.
• Distance between battery bank and inverter.
Determining Maximum Appliance Wattage
Microwave oven specifications list cooking power (watts) and appliance
power. Appliance power is the AC load the inverter has to supply. Do not
exceed the 2,000 watt maximum AC load or the inverter will shut down.
Most other electrical tools, appliances, and audio/video equipment have
labels that list the unit’s power requirements in watts. If the tool or device is
rated in amps, multiply the amps by 115 (115V AC) to determine the watts. For
example, a power tool rated at 4 amps will draw 460 watts.
Remember to consider the startup surge that motorized appliances will cause.
Do not exceed the 4,000 watt surge rating of this inverter this can cause
immediate overload shut down.
At 2,000 watts continuous output, this inverter requires a DC power supply
(battery bank) that can continuously supply 200 amps at 12V DC for the
duration of the run time.
User’s Manual—Read before using this equipment
Configuring the Battery Bank
To determine the minimum battery ampere-hour rating that you will need to
operate appliances from the inverter and any DC appliances powered by the
battery bank, follow these steps:
1. List the maximum continuous wattage that the inverter has to supply.
2. Estimate the number of hours the appliances will be in use between
battery recharges. This will vary depending on appliances. For example,
a typical home-use coffee maker draws 500 watts during its brew time
of 5 minutes. It maintains the temperature of the pot, requiring 100 watts.
Typical use of a microwave oven is only for a few minutes. Some longer
operating time appliances are lamps, TVs, computers and refrigerator/
Determine the total watt-hours of energy needed. This is done by multiplying
average power consumption in watts by hours of run time. For example: 500
watts for 10 hours = 5000 watt hours. To get an estimate of the maximum
current (in amps) that a battery bank must be capable of delivering to the
inverter, divide the load watts by ten. For example a 500 watt appliance load
will need 50 amps at 12 volts DC. Using the 500 watts (or 50 amps) for 10
hours example as above, then 50 amps is needed for 10 hours. This provides
us with the basic amp-hours (AH) of battery that is required. Ten hours at 50
amps equals 500 amp-hours (AH). There are additional factors that determine
actual run time. These include:
• AC appliance load and time in use (basic AH).
• Cable gauge and length (cable losses).
• Charge level of the batteries (between use, chargers have to be able to
fully charge the batteries).
• Temperature of the batteries (colder batteries provide fewer amps).
• Age and condition of the batteries (older batteries lose AH capacity).
• Compliance with turning off unnecessary AC loads.
• Use of DC appliances and compliance with turning off unnecessary DC
©2012 Wagan Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
Wagan Tech and wagan.com are trademarks used by Wagan Corporation
Elite 2000W—Pure Sine Inverter by Wagan Tech
User’s Manual—Read before using this equipment
Derating the Battery Bank
Battery Bank Diagram
Most lead-acid batteries have a rating expressed in amp-hours (AH). The most
common rating of AH is “at the 20 hour rate”.
The diagram below shows inverter connections to a battery bank with
recommended fuse protection.
NOTE: Despite several internet explanations, there is no relationship between
cold cranking amps (CCA) and ampere-hours (AH).
For example, if a 20 AH battery is discharged at a 1 amp rate, is will take 20
hours to discharge that battery. The terms “charged” and “discharged” relate
to actual battery voltage. This means that the output voltage of a nominal
12 volt battery starts at 13.4 volts (fully charged) then drops to 10.5 volts
(discharged). If the load on the battery causes the battery to discharge faster
than the 20 hour rate, the capacity (AH) of the battery is measurably reduced
(derated). In heavy battery discharge applications, double the estimated Amp
Hour rating and configure batteries to support this capacity. If the batteries
are frequently charged by an alternator, the Amp Hour rating of the battery
may be reduced.
Configuring the battery bank
Batteries that are used indoors or inside a vehicle or vessel, should be deepcycle, sealed lead acid batteries.
NOTE: It is important that for any inverter installation to battery protection
fuses. Battery fuses are added to the positive (+) battery cable as close as
possible to the battery bank’s positive terminal. The fuse amperage rating
must be sized to allow simultaneous operation of all the AC appliances
to be powered, plus 20 percent safety factor. Fuses are very important to
protect equipment, batteries and personnel. The fuses protect against battery
explosion if the cables that connect to the inverter accidentally short.
12V Battery Bank
WARNING—Exploding Batteries!!
Exploding batteries can spray molten lead, hot sulfuric acid, and
other metal and plastic fragments. Batteries that are charging or
under high discharge rates produce explosive hydrogen gas into the
surrounding area. Be safe – fuse the battery bank and make sure the
batteries are properly ventilated.
DC Cable Gauge
Minimize cable losses by using the thickest wire available and the shortest
practical length.
Measure Round Trip (RT) cable distances in feet. Round Trip cable distance is
battery to inverter and back to battery. If the application is in a vehicle with
engine operating, use the supplied cables for round trip distances up to 5 feet.
Use a recommended ANL fuse and Fuse holder. Fuse at 300 Amps. ANL are
quick acting and sealed so they do not spark when they blow. Place fuse no
more than one foot from the Positive (+) terminal of the battery.
RT Length
4-6 Ft
7-8 Ft
9-10 Ft
11-14 Ft
©2012 Wagan Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
Wagan Tech and wagan.com are trademarks used by Wagan Corporation
Elite 2000W—Pure Sine Inverter by Wagan Tech
If the inverter and the battery are positioned within 4 feet of each other,
a minimum of 4 AWG insulated copper wire should be used to make the
connections. If the distance is longer than 32 inches (2.6 ft), heavier wire will
be required.
The cables that are supplied with the inverter can be used for full wattage
applications that have the batteries under constant or frequent charge (mobile
applications). The supplied cable has an electrically equivalent 300 Amp ANL
fuse attached.
Connecting the Inverter
Loose connections will result in a severe voltage drop that can cause damage
to connectors, conductors, and insulation and can cause sparking. Reverse
polarity connection will blow the fuses in the inverter and can permanently
damage to the inverter. Damage caused by reverse polarity will void the
Installation Procedure
1. Mount the inverter in a secure location. If the inverter is to be mounted
on a wall, mount it horizontally. Make sure that the front and rear of the
inverter has free air flow.
2. Make sure the cables are the proper gauge and have the fuse holder as
close to the battery bank’s Positive (+) terminal as possible.
3. Install the fuse in the Positive (+) cable.
4. Make sure the ON/OFF switch located on the front panel of the inverter
is in the OFF (0) position.
5. The cable ends need to be stripped of insulation for 1/2 inch before
attaching to terminals. Insert cable end into terminal and tighten with the
screw. Make sure that the cable connections are secure and there are no
loose connections.
6. Connect the Negative (−) cable end to the inverter terminal and battery
Negative Terminal. Make sure you have good, secure connections.
User’s Manual—Read before using this equipment
7. Recheck and make sure the DC cable fuse is installed in the fuse holder.
CAUTION: Making an initial connection between the positive cable end
and the inverter’s positive terminal may cause a spark. This is a normal
and is a result of capacitors in the inverter starting to charge. Because of
the possibility of sparking, it is extremely important that both the inverter
and the battery bank be positioned away from any source of flammable
fumes or gases. Failure to heed this warning can result in fire or explosion. Do not make the positive terminal connection immediately after the
batteries have been charging. Allow time for the battery gasses to vent
to outside air.
8. Attach the positive cable to the Positive (+) DC connector on the battery
and then the inverter. Make sure the connections are tight and secure.
9. Turn ON the inverter from the Front Panel On/OFF Switch
10.Make certain that the LED display is lit and the FAULT LED indicator is not
11. Turn OFF (0) the inverter. The Fault LED may briefly “flash”. This is
normal. The audible alarm may also sound a short “chirp”. This is
also normal.
12. When you have confirmed that the appliance to be operated is turned
off, plug the appliance into one of the two AC outlets on the front panel
of the inverter.
13. Turn the inverter on.
14.Check operation of the Remote Switch – Press “Lock” to turn Off
the inverter.
15. Press the Unlock button to turn On the inverter.
16.Turn the appliance on. The appliance should begin working.
17. Observe the LED indicators and the Digital Display for Normal
Note: If an extension cord is used from the inverter to the appliance, limit the
extension cord length to 100 feet or less. Make sure that the cord is safety
approved and AWG 14 or greater to carry the appliance load. Remember that
extension cords are for temporary use.
©2012 Wagan Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
Wagan Tech and wagan.com are trademarks used by Wagan Corporation
Elite 2000W—Pure Sine Inverter by Wagan Tech
User’s Manual—Read before using this equipment
Charging the Battery Bank
It is not the purpose of this inverter user’s guide to provide detailed information
regarding battery charging systems. However, the user should try to augment
any stationary inverter charging system with either wind power or solar
power. These can continue to operate during power outages and they also
reduce recharge time. For mobile or marine charging systems, a higher rated
alternator may be necessary to charge a battery bank.
Regular Loss of Commercial Power
If the inverter system is used during commercial power outages that occur
daily, configure the charger system to replace energy during the time that
commercial power is available.
Replacement of battery energy always requires more than was taken from
the battery (typically 30 percent more). Follow battery manufacturer’s
recommendations for maximum charging current.
There is danger
of explosion. DO NOT connect or disconnect
charger cables directly after battery discharge or recharge – make
sure that the battery bank area is well vented before attaching or
removing cables.
If the flooded lead acid batteries are used, be sure that periodic checks of
battery electrolyte levels are accomplished. Follow battery manufacturer’s
instructions in keeping the electrolytes at the proper level. Be sure to use pure
distilled water when replacing evaporated electrolyte liquid.
• Make sure that the television antenna produces a clear signal under
normal operating conditions (i.e. at home plugged into a standard
110/115V AC wall outlet). Also ensure that the antenna cable is properly
shielded and of good quality.
• Sometimes vehicle alternators produce some electrical noise. There are
filters available to mount on the alternator to reduce noise.
• Change the positions of the inverter, antenna cables and television
power cord.
• Isolate the television, its power cord and antenna cables from the 12
volt power source by running an extension cord from the inverter to the
television set.
PROBLEM: Low or No Output Voltage – Fault LED Lit
Poor contact with battery or inverter
Clean terminals thoroughly. Reinstall
and tighten.
PROBLEM: Inverter is Shut Down – Fault LED Lit
Battery voltage below 10 Volts
Charge or replace battery.
Inverter is too hot (thermal shut down
• Allow inverter to cool.
• Reduce the load on the inverter to
rated continuous power output.
Operating Issues
(Television and Audio Equipment Suggestions.)
Although all inverters are shielded and filtered to minimize signal interference,
some interference with your television picture may be unavoidable, especially
with weak signals. However, here are some suggestions that may improve
• Check for adequate ventilation.
Unit may be defective.
See warranty and call customer
©2012 Wagan Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
Wagan Tech and wagan.com are trademarks used by Wagan Corporation
Elite 2000W—Pure Sine Inverter by Wagan Tech
User’s Manual—Read before using this equipment
PROBLEM: Inverter Shut Down – Fault LED Lit – OVL Display
• Output Waveform: True Sine Waveform
Equipment being operated draws too
much power.
Use a higher capacity inverter or do
not use this equipment.
• Input: 11V–15V DC
PROBLEM: Continuous Buzzing Sound – Display Shows Low Voltage
• Output: 115V AC
• TrueRated™ Power: 2,000 watts
• Peak Surge: 4,000 watts
Input voltage below 10.5 Volts
Keep input voltage above 10.5 Volts
Poor or weak battery condition.
Recharge or replace battery.
• Frequency: 60Hz
Poor or loose cable connection
Inspect terminals and tighten all connections.
• Remote Switch range: 10+ ft (3+ m)
• Use heavier gauge DC cable.
• Total Harmonic Distortion (THD): <5%
• Keep cable length as short as possible.
• No load current draw: <1.5A
Inadequate power being delivered
to the inverter or excessive voltage
Disposal/Recycling of Inverter
Electronic products are known to contain materials that are toxic if improperly
disposed. Contact local authorities for disposal and recycling information.
• Maximum Efficiency: Approximately 90%
• Remote Switch Battery type: 12V
• Switch OFF: <0.2mA DC
• Battery low alarm: 10.7V±0.3V DC
• Battery low shutdown: 10.2V±0.3V DC
• Over voltage shutdown: 15.5±0.5V
• Cooling fans controlled by temperature
• AC output sockets: 2 US standard
• Power switch DC input ON/OFF control
• Digital status display
• Dimensions: 17.0 in × 9.5 in × 3.8 in (43.2 cm × 24.1cm × 9.6 cm)
• Net Weight: 21.7 lbs (9.8 kg)
*All specifications are typical at nominal line, half load, and 77ºF (25ºC)
unless otherwise noted. Specifications are subject to change without notice.
©2012 Wagan Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
Wagan Tech and wagan.com are trademarks used by Wagan Corporation
WAGAN Corp. Limited Warranty
The WAGAN Corp warranty is limited to products sold only in the United States.
All Wagan Tech products must be registered within (30) days of purchase to activate
its warranty. To register your product, please visit http://tinyurl.com/waganwarranty.
Be sure to keep the original receipt as it will be required when returning a product
under the warranty.
Warranty Duration: This product is warranted to the original purchaser for a period
of two (2) Years from the original purchase date, to be free of defects in material
and workmanship. WAGAN Corporation disclaims any liability for consequential
damages. In no event will WAGAN Corporation be responsible for any amount of
damages beyond the amount paid for the product at retail.
Warranty Performance: During the above two (2) Year warranty period, a product
with a defect will be replaced with a comparable model when the product is returned
to WAGAN Corporation with an original store receipt. The replacement product will
be in warranty for the balance of the original two (2) Year warranty period.
To return a defective item, please contact WAGAN Corporation at (800) 2315806 to obtain a Returned Merchandise Authorization number (RMA#), and return
instructions. Each item returned will require a separate RMA#. After you have received
the RMA# and the return instructions from WAGAN Corporation, please follow the
instructions and send the item with PREPAID SHIPPING, along with all of the required
documentation, a complete explanation of the problem, your name, address and
daytime phone number. WAGAN Corporation will, at its option, replace or repair the
defective part.
A Returned Merchandise Authorization number (RMA#) is REQUIRED when sending
in any defective item. WAGAN Corporation is not responsible for any item(s) returned
without an official Returned Merchandise Authorization number. The item(s) must
be returned with prepaid shipping. WAGAN Corporation is not responsible for any
shipping charges incurred in returning the item(s) back to the company for repair or
replacement. This warranty is void if the product has been damaged by accident,
in shipment, unreasonable use, misuse, neglect, improper service, commercial use,
repairs by unauthorized personnel or other causes not arising out of defects in
materials or workmanship. This warranty does not extend to any units which have
been used in violation of written instructions furnished.
Warranty Disclaimers: This warranty is in lieu of all warranties expressed or implied
and no representative or person is authorized to assume any other liability in
connection with the sale of our products. There shall be no claims for defects or failure
of performance or product failure under any theory of tort, contract or commercial
law including, but not limited to negligence, gross negligence, strict liability, breach of
warranty and breach of contract.
©2008 WAGAN Corp. REV2012
31088 San Clemente Street
Hayward, CA 94544, U.S.A.
U.S. & Canada Toll Free: 1.800.231.5806
Tel: + 1.510.471.9221
©2012 Wagan Corporation
All Rights Reserved
Wagan Tech and wagan.com are trademarks used by Wagan Corporation
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