HP | xw6000 | Hardware reference guide | HP xw6000 Hardware reference guide

addendum to the hp workstation xw6000
hardware reference guide
The information in this document, where applicable, supersedes specific contents of the hp workstation
xw6000 hardware reference guide that is included with your system on the Documentation Library CD.
This document includes information about:
■
System board components
■
Installation of a second processor
■
Installation of DIMMs
■
Hyper-Threading Technology
IMPORTANT: Read this document first before referencing the Hardware Reference Guide included on
the Documentation Library CD.
System Board Components
IMPORTANT: If the system board part number in your workstation is 339100-xxx, this section replaces
the “System Board Components” section of the existing Hardware Reference Guide.
System board connectors
1 Rear chassis fan connectors
3 Secondary processor socket
2 Primary processor socket
4 Processor fan connectors
Continued on next page.
1
System board connectors (continued)
5 CPU power connector
t
CD-ROM audio connector
6 Power button/LED connector
y
Auxiliary audio connector
7 Diskette drive connector
u
Battery
8 Primary ATA connector
i
Password jumper
9 SCSI connector
o
CMOS reset switch
- Hood sensor connector
p
PCI sockets
q Front USB connector
a
Front audio connector
w Secondary ATA connector
s
AGP socket
e Front chassis fan connector
d
DIMM sockets
r Internal speaker connector
f
24-Position power connector
Installing an Additional Processor
IMPORTANT: If the system board part number in your workstation is 339100-xxx, this section replaces
the “Installing an Additional Processor” section of the existing Hardware Reference Guide.
CAUTION: Failure to follow the workstation preparation instructions and these installation steps could
result in an improperly installed processor, causing extensive system damage.
NOTE: The second processor must be of the same speed, cache, size, and type as the primary processor.
To install a second processor:
1. Power down your system as instructed in the Hardware Reference Guide.
2. Remove the workstation access panel.
3. Place the workstation in the desktop position.
2
4. Remove any preinstalled screws from the system board around the second processor socket.
5. Open the second processor socket lever 1 fully (the full swing angle of the lever is approximately 135
degrees).
6. Line up the two keyed corners of the pins on the processor with the two keyed corners of the processor
socket and install the processor 2 into the socket. Ensure that the underside of the processor is level
with the top of the processor socket.
7. Lightly press down on the top of the processor while closing the socket lever.
8. Check for proper processor seating in the socket. Using your fingers, carefully try to lift the processor
out of the socket. A properly seated processor will not lift out of the socket.
9. Remove and discard the green thermal grease protective liner from the bottom of the new fansink and
set the fansink over the processor 1.
NOTE: Be careful not to touch the exposed thermal grease when handling the fansink.
10. Line up the captive screws 2 of the fansink with the holes on the system board (the holes where the
preinstalled screws were removed earlier).
11. Tighten the screws until they no longer turn and the springs are fully compressed.
NOTE: The screws should be tightened in a crossing pattern to ensure the fansink is secured correctly.
12. Connect the fansink cable to the system board header 3.
3
13. Reassemble the workstation and restore power.
NOTE: A manual Hardware Abstraction Layer (HAL) upgrade is necessary when installing a second
processor after the system has gone through the software unbundling process. If a second processor is
installed prior to unbundling, a manual upgrade is not necessary. HP recommends that the software
unbundling process be completed prior to installing additional components. For information about
upgrading to a multiprocessor HAL, refer to the documentation included in your processor upgrade kit.
DIMM Installation Guidelines
IMPORTANT: This section replaces both the “DIMM Installation Guidelines” and the “DIMM
Installation Configurations” sections of the existing Hardware Reference Guide.
Å
WARNING: To reduce the risk of personal injury from hot surfaces, allow the internal system
components to cool before touching.
Å
WARNING: To reduce the risk of personal injury when replacing or removing DIMMs, allow the
module being removed from the DIMM socket sufficient time to cool. DIMM temperatures can reach
212° F (100° C).
Ä
CAUTION: When handling a memory module, do not touch any of the contacts. Doing so may damage
the module.
Ä
CAUTION: Static electricity can damage the electronic components of the workstation or option boards.
Before beginning these procedures, ensure that you are discharged of static electricity by briefly touching
a grounded metal object.
When adding, upgrading, or replacing PC2100 DDR SDRAM memory modules in the hp workstation
xw6000, care must be taken to avoid incorrect pairing of modules in the same channel. This system does
not support mixed DIMM pairing on the same channel.
NOTE: See the “System Board Components” section at the beginning of this document (if your system
board part number is 339100-xxx) or in the the Hardware Reference Guide for the location of the DIMM
sockets.
4
■
For proper system operation, if your system supports DDR-SDRAM DIMMs, the DIMMs must be
industry-standard 184-pin, Registered ECC PC 2100 266 MHz-compliant, 2.5 volt DDR-SDRAM
DIMMs. The DDR-SDRAM DIMMs must support CAS Latency 2 or 2.5 (CL = 2 or CL = 2.5). They
must also contain the mandatory Joint Electronic Device Engineering Council (JEDEC) Serial
Presence Detect (SPD) information.
■
DIMMs should be installed in pairs.
■
Do not mix DIMMs of different memory speeds. Performance will reflect the speed of the slowest
DIMM.
■
Each DIMM within a pair should be identical in size. For example, a 256MB DIMM must be paired
with a similar 256MB DIMM.
■
Each DIMM within a pair should be identical in technology. For example, you cannot mix a 256 MB
9-device DIMM with a 128MB 18-device DIMM on the same channel.
NOTE: To identify which DIMM technology you are using, compare the memory size and number of
DRAM components on the module. A 128 MB DIMM has 18 DRAM components that fully populate both
sides of the module. A 256MB DIMM has 9 DRAM components; four on one side, five on the other.
■
The first pair of DIMMS should be installed in slots 1 and 2. The DIMM slots are numbered
sequentially. Slot 1 is closest to the CPUs.
■
The second pair of DIMMS, if any, should be installed in slots 3 and 4.
■
DIMMs must be installed correctly. Be sure to match the keyed slot on the DIMM with the tab on the
DIMM socket.
■
For optimal system performance, DIMMs should be installed in identical pairs in the following three
configurations: slot 1 and 2, slot 3 and 4, or all DIMM slots populated in paired format.
■
If you are using a single DIMM configuration, the DIMM should be installed in slot 1 or slot 3.
NOTE: Although a single-DIMM configuration is possible, it does not provide the optimal system
performance that a dual-DIMM (dual-channel) of matching sizes, configuration provides.
■
If you are installing two DIMMs of different sizes, they can only be installed in slot 1 and slot 3
with each DIMM occupying either slot.
NOTE: Although a mixed size dual-DIMM configuration is possible, it does not provide the optimal
system performance that a dual-DIMM (dual-channel) of matching sizes, configuration provides.
■
No other memory configurations are supported. Attempts to install memory in other configurations
will result in unpredictable system performance.
NOTE: The following table provides acceptable pairing configurations but do not cover all module
capacities. However, the same pairing configuration applies regardless of the module type and capacity.
Table 1 - Available Memory Configurations for the xw6000
Channel A
Channel B
Module
Total
Slot
XMM1
Slot
XMM3
Slot
XMM2
Slot
XMM4
2
9-device
Empty
9-device
Empty
2
Empty
18-device
Empty
18-device
2
18-device
Empty
18-device
Empty
2
Empty
9-device
Empty
9-device
4
18-device
9-device
18-device
9-device
4
9-device
18-device
9-device
18-device
NOTE: Modules must be paired as indicated in this table where slots 1 and 2, and slots 3 and 4
must contain like modules.
5
Hyper-Threading Technology
Hyper-Threading Technology is a high performance technology, developed by Intel®, that allows a single
processor to execute multiple threads of instructions simultaneously. Hyper-Threading Technology enables
the processor to utilize its execution resources more efficiently, delivering performance increases and
improving user productivity. Not all systems benefit from the Hyper-Threading Technology.
To see if Hyper-Threading Technology can benefit you, test your system by turning the feature on using
the Computer Setup (F10) system utility. To do this, run F10 Setup during boot up and select Advanced >
Device Options > Hyper-Threading, and enable the Hyper-Threading Technology.
Note the following:
■
If your workstation does not support Hyper-Threading Technology, the Hyper-Threading menu item
will not be available on the Computer Setup menu.
■
The Hyper-Threading Technology is recommended for use with Microsoft® Windows® XP systems.
This technology is detected by the system and is turned on in the operating system after it is enabled in
the system BIOS.
■
Hyper-Threading is not recommended for use with Windows 2000-based workstations.
■
The Hyper-Threading Technology is compatible with Linux-based systems. An SMP kernel must be
installed on your system before this technology can be enabled.
■
For more information about the Hyper-Threading Technology, you can visit the Intel Web site at
www.intel.com.
© 2003 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The HP Invent logo is a registered
trademark of Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. Microsoft and Windows are U.S.
registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. Intel is a registered trademark of Intel
Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. All other product names
mentioned herein may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies.
350070-001
6
Longbow.book Page i Thursday, August 22, 2002 11:38 AM
hardware reference guide
workstation xw6000
Document Part Number: 301155-001
October 2002
This guide is provided as a reference tool. The topics contained herein
describe specific features and will assist you with installing additional
components such as hard drives, memory, expansion boards, and
processors.
Longbow.book Page ii Thursday, August 22, 2002 11:38 AM
© 2002 Hewlett-Packard Company
HP and the HP logo are trademarks of the Hewlett-Packard Company.
Microsoft and Windows are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the U.S.
and/or other countries.
All other product names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective
companies.
Hewlett-Packard Company shall not be liable for technical or editorial errors or
omissions contained herein or for incidental or consequential damages in
connection with the furnishing, performance, or use of this material. The
information in this document is provided “as is” without warranty of any kind,
including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and
fitness for a particular purpose, and is subject to change without notice. The
warranties for HP products are set forth in the express limited warranty
statements accompanying such products. Nothing herein should be construed as
constituting an additional warranty.
This document contains proprietary information that is protected by copyright.
No part of this document may be photocopied, reproduced, or translated to
another language without the prior written consent of Hewlett-Packard
Company.
Å
WARNING: Text set off in this manner indicates that failure to follow
directions could result in bodily harm or loss of life.
Ä
CAUTION: Text set off in this manner indicates that failure to follow
directions could result in damage to equipment or loss of information.
hardware reference guide
workstation xw6000
First Edition (October 2002)
Document Part Number: 301155-001
Longbow.book Page iii Thursday, August 22, 2002 11:38 AM
Contents
1 Product Features
Standard Configuration Features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–1
Front Panel Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–2
Rear Panel Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–3
System Board Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–4
System Board Components (Continued). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–5
Audio System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–6
Keyboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–7
Easy Access Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–8
Reprogramming the Easy Access Buttons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–8
Locking and Unlocking the Easy Access Buttons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–8
Easy Access Paper Icon Insert . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–9
Windows Logo Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–9
Special Mouse Functions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–10
Serial Number Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–10
Changing from a Minitower to a Desktop Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–10
Changing from a Desktop to a Minitower Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–14
2 Hardware Upgrades
Installation Sequence. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing the Workstation Access Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing the Front Bezel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing Additional Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DIMM Socket Locations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DIMM Installation Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DIMM Installation Configurations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing DIMMs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing DIMMs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing Additional Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hardware Reference Guide
2–1
2–3
2–4
2–5
2–5
2–6
2–7
2–8
2–8
2–9
iii
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Contents
Drive Bay Components. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–9
Minitower Drive Bay Positions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–10
Desktop Drive Bay Positions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–11
Preparing for Drive Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–12
Removing the Bezel Blank. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–12
Locating the Hardware Screws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–14
Installing a Hard Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–14
Installing a Hard Drive into a 3.5-Inch Drive Bay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–14
Installing a Hard Drive into a 5.25-Inch Drive Bay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–16
Removing a Drive. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–19
Installing and Removing an Expansion Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–22
Identifying the AGP and PCI Sockets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–22
Installing an Expansion Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–23
Removing an Expansion Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–24
Installing an Additional Processor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–25
Upgrading a Processor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–30
Preparing for a Processor Upgrade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–30
Hardware Components Required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–31
Guidelines for Separating the Heatsink/Processor Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–31
Removing an Existing Processor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–32
Installing a New Processor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–35
A Specifications
B Hard Drive Installation
Using the Cable-Select Feature with Ultra ATA Devices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Guidelines for Installing Ultra ATA Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SCSI Devices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Guidelines for Using SCSI Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Guidelines for Installing SCSI Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SCSI Controllers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SCSI Cables. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using a SCSI Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using SCSISelect with SCSI Devices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
iv
B–1
B–2
B–3
B–3
B–5
B–5
B–6
B–6
B–7
Hardware Reference Guide
Longbow.book Page v Thursday, August 22, 2002 11:38 AM
Contents
C Battery Replacement
Replacing the Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C–1
D Security Lock Provisions
Securing the Workstation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D–1
E Electrostatic Discharge
Preventing Electrostatic Damage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E–1
Grounding Methods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E–2
F Routine Computer Care and Shipping Preparation
Routine Computer Care. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CD-ROM Drive Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Shipping Preparation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
F–1
F–2
F–2
F–2
F–2
F–3
Index
Hardware Reference Guide
v
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1
Product Features
Standard Configuration Features
The HP workstation xw6000 is a minitower system that can be easily
converted to a desktop. Features may vary depending on your model.
For a complete listing of the hardware and software installed in
your workstation, run Diagnostics for Windows or the INSPECT
utility (available on some models). Instructions for using these
utilities are provided in the Troubleshooting Guide on the
Documentation Library CD.
Hardware Reference Guide
1–1
Longbow.book Page 2 Thursday, August 22, 2002 11:38 AM
Product Features
Front Panel Components
Front panel components
1 Diskette drive activity light
7 CD-ROM eject button
2 Dual-state power button
8 CD-ROM drive busy indicator
3 Power-on light
9 Diskette drive eject button
4 Headphone connector
- Hard drive activity light
5 1394 connector (optional)*
q Microphone connector
6 Universal Serial Bus (USB) connectors
*Your workstation is equipped with a 1394 connector. This connector is functional only when an
optional 1394 PCI expansion board is installed.
1–2
Hardware Reference Guide
Longbow.book Page 3 Thursday, August 22, 2002 11:38 AM
Product Features
Rear Panel Components
Rear panel components
1 Power cord connector
7 Universal Serial Bus (USB) connectors
2 Serial connector (Serial A)
8 Mouse connector
3 Serial connector (Serial B)
9 Microphone/Line-in connector
4 Keyboard connector
- Parallel connector
5 Headphone/Line-out connector
q Network Interface Card (NIC) connector
6 SCSI connector
w VGA (AGP) video connector
Hardware Reference Guide
1–3
Longbow.book Page 4 Thursday, August 22, 2002 11:38 AM
Product Features
System Board Components
System board components
1 24-pin power supply connector
9 SCSI connector
2 Primary processor socket
- Hood sensor connector
3 Secondary processor socket
q Front USB connector
4 Rear system fan connectors
w Secondary ATA connector
5 CPU power connector
e Front chassis fan connector
6 Power button header
r Internal speaker connector
7 Diskette drive connector
t CD-ROM audio connector
8 Primary ATA connector
y Auxiliary audio connector
1–4
Hardware Reference Guide
Longbow.book Page 5 Thursday, August 22, 2002 11:38 AM
Product Features
System Board Components (Continued)
System board components
u Battery
a Front audio connector
i Password header
s AGP Pro socket
o CMOS reset switch
d Secondary Processor Voltage Regulator
Module (VRM)
p Four PCI slots
f Four DIMM sockets
Hardware Reference Guide
1–5
Longbow.book Page 6 Thursday, August 22, 2002 11:38 AM
Product Features
Audio System
Your workstation has an integrated audio solution that supports
analog or digital external stereo speakers. The system is capable of
autosensing the speaker type and outputting the correct signal.
The autosensing is done by detecting if there is a mono jack
plugged into the line-out connector.
If you are using a set of digital speakers that have a stereo jack, and
you want the system to auto-switch to digital, you will need to use
a stereo-to-mono adapter to get the autosensing to work. However, if
you do not have a stereo-to-mono adapter present, then you can
manually switch the audio signal from analog to digital. See
“Solving Audio Problems” in the Troubleshooting Guide on the
Documentation Library CD for instructions on how to manually
switch the audio signal for your operating system.
If you are using a headphone set that is mono, the system will attempt
to switch to digital and you will experience “noise” or “silence.”
This can be fixed by manually switching the signal to analog.
See “Solving Audio Problems” in the Troubleshooting Guide on
the Documentation Library CD for instructions on how to manually
switch the audio signal for your operating system.
speakers or headphones are not working, make sure
✎ Ifyouyourareanalog
not using a mono adapter with autosensing enabled.
1–6
Hardware Reference Guide
Longbow.book Page 7 Thursday, August 22, 2002 11:38 AM
Product Features
Keyboard
Your workstation ships with an Easy Access Keyboard. The
following figure identifies the location of keyboard lights and
special function keys.
Easy Access Keyboard components
Easy Access Keyboard
Ref
Component
Function
1
Ctrl key
Used in combination with another key; its effect depends
on the application software you are using.
2
Windows Logo Key
Used in combination with other keys to perform other
functions (see “Windows Logo Key” later in this section).
3
Alt key
Used in combination with another key; its effect depends
on the application software you are using.
4
Application key*
Used (like the right mouse button) to open pop-up menus in
a Microsoft Office application; may perform other
functions in other software applications.
5
Easy Access keys
Provides quick and easy access to favorite Web sites,
applications, and services.
*Available only in selected geographic regions.
Hardware Reference Guide
1–7
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Product Features
Easy Access Keyboard (Continued)
Ref
6
Component
Function
Editing keys
Includes the following: Insert, Home, Page Up,
Delete, End, and Page Down.
✎
Holding down Ctrl + Alt + Delete allows you to
restart your computer.
7
Num Lock light
Indicates whether the Num Lock feature is on or off.
8
Caps Lock light
Indicates whether the Caps Lock feature is on or off.
9
Scroll Lock light
Indicates whether the Scroll Lock feature is on or off.
Easy Access Software
Your Easy Access Keyboard Buttons are programmed to default
assignments. The preinstalled Easy Access Software allows you to
reprogram the Easy Access Buttons to reflect your personal
preferences. The buttons can be reprogrammed to any program
or service of your choice or to any Web site (URL).
Reprogramming the Easy Access Buttons
The Easy Access Keyboard icon is located on the Windows desktop
status bar. Refer to the Readme-user.txt file for instructions about
reprogramming the Easy Access Buttons.
Locking and Unlocking the Easy Access Buttons
The System Administrator can lock and unlock the Easy Access
Buttons. Once locked, the buttons can only be reprogrammed by
modifying the .bcf file. For administrative privileges, which require
control of the Easy Access Button destinations, refer to the
Readme-admin.txt file.
1–8
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Product Features
Easy Access Paper Icon Insert
The paper icon insert functions as a visual aid in identifying the
programmed destination of each Easy Access Button. Whenever you
reprogram an Easy Access Button, use the Paper Insert Template
document to select and print an icon that reflects the new button
assignment. The Paper Insert Template.doc is installed, by default,
under C:\Program files\Compaq\Easy Access Keyboard.
proper alignment, the spacing around the icons may require
✎ For
adjustment.
Windows Logo Key
Use the Windows Logo Key in combination with other keys to
perform certain functions available in the Windows operating
systems.
Hardware Reference Guide
Windows Logo Key + F1
Displays a pop-up menu for the
selected object
Windows Logo Key + Tab
Activates the next Taskbar button
Windows Logo Key + E
Launches Explore My Computer
Windows Logo Key + F
Launches Find Document
Windows Logo Key + Ctrl + F
Launches Find Computer
Windows Logo Key + M
Minimizes all open applications
Shift + Windows Logo Key + M
Undoes Minimize All
Windows Logo Key + R
Displays the Run dialog box
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Product Features
Special Mouse Functions
Most software applications support the use of a mouse. The functions
assigned to each mouse button depend on the software applications
you are using.
Serial Number Location
Each computer has a unique serial number located on the corner of
the computer access panel and on the rear panel of the computer.
Keep this number available for use when contacting customer
support.
Changing from a Minitower to a Desktop
Configuration
To change from a minitower to a desktop configuration:
1. Shut down the operating system properly, then turn off the
workstation and any external devices.
2. Disconnect the power cord from the grounded AC outlet,
then disconnect the network cable and any external devices
from the system.
3. Remove the workstation access panel. See “Removing the
Workstation Access Panel” in Chapter 2.
4. Remove the front bezel. See “Removing the Front Bezel” in
Chapter 2.
5. Disconnect all power and data cables from the drives in the
5.25-inch drive bays.
1–10
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Product Features
6. To release a drive from the 5.25-inch drive bay, slide the drivelock
as shown. Carefully push the drive from the back of the unit until
the drive casing can be grasped.
Releasing the drives with the drivelock
Ä
CAUTION: Do not hold the face plate while removing a drive. Only hold
a drive by its casing.
7. While holding the drive casing, gently pull the drive out.
Ä
Hardware Reference Guide
CAUTION: When removing a drive, do not pull the drive from the front of
the drive bay. To prevent damage to the drive bezel, push the drive and
drive casing from the rear for removal from the front of the drive bay.
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Product Features
8. After placing the workstation in the desktop position, gently slide
the drives back into the bay.
Installing the drives
Ä
CAUTION: The use of unnecessary force when installing the drive may
result in damage to the drive.
desktop configuration, always place the diskette drive in the
✎ Inbaythenearest
the top of the chassis (bay 3) to ensure proper drive
clearance and access. When all of the drives are properly inserted,
the drivelock will secure the drives in place.
9. Reconnect the power and data cables to the drives as labeled.
1–12
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Product Features
10. Remove the subpanel 1 as described in “Removing the Bezel
Blank” in Chapter 2, and reposition the subpanel 2 with the bezel
blank in the proper orientation for the desktop configuration.
Ä
CAUTION: Hold the subpanel straight when you pull it away from the
front bezel. Pulling the subpanel away at an angle could damage the pins
that align it within the front bezel.
Changing from a minitower to a desktop configuration
converting from a minitower to a desktop orientation, use the
✎ When
replacement subpanel that was shipped with your workstation to
ensure that the HP logo is properly oriented.
11. Replace the subpanel, front bezel, and the workstation access
panel. Be sure that the subpanel and front bezel align properly
with the alignment tabs.
12. Reconnect the power cord to the grounded AC outlet, then
reconnect the network cable and any external devices to the
system.
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Product Features
Changing from a Desktop to a Minitower
Configuration
To change from a desktop to a minitower configuration:
1. Shut down the operating system properly, then turn off the
workstation and any external devices.
2. Disconnect the power cord from the grounded AC outlet, then
disconnect the network cable and any external devices from
the system.
3. Remove the workstation access panel. See “Removing the
Workstation Access Panel” in Chapter 2.
4. Remove the front bezel. See “Removing the Front Bezel” in
Chapter 2.
5. Disconnect all power and data cables from the drives in the
5.25-inch drive bays.
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Product Features
6. To release a drive from the 5.25-inch drive bay, press the
drivelock as shown.
Releasing the drives with the drivelock
7. While pressing the drivelock button, push the drive from the back
of the unit until the drive casing can be grasped.
Ä
CAUTION: Do not hold the face plate while removing a drive. Only hold
a drive by its casing.
8. While holding the drive casing, gently pull the drives out.
Ä
Hardware Reference Guide
CAUTION: When removing a drive, do not pull the drive from the front of
the drive bay. To prevent damage to the drive bezel, push the drive and
drive casing from the rear for removal from the front of the drive bay.
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Product Features
9. After placing the workstation in the minitower position, gently
slide the drives back into the bay.
Installing the drives
Ä
CAUTION: The use of unnecessary force when installing the drives may
damage the drives.
configuration, always place the diskette drive in the
✎ Inthirdthebayminitower
from the top of the chassis to ensure proper drive clearance
within the chassis. When all the drives are properly inserted, the
drivelock will secure the drives in place.
10. Reconnect the power and data cables to the drives as labeled.
1–16
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Product Features
11. Remove the subpanel 1 as described in “Removing the Bezel
Blank” in Chapter 2, and reposition the subpanel 2 with the bezel
blank in the proper orientation for the minitower configuration.
Ä
CAUTION: Hold the subpanel straight when you pull it away from the
front bezel. Pulling the subpanel away at an angle could damage the pins
that align it within the front bezel.
Changing from a desktop to a minitower configuration
converting from a desktop to a minitower orientation, use the
✎ When
replacement subpanel that is shipped with your workstation to ensure
that the HP logo is properly oriented.
12. Replace the subpanel, front bezel, and the workstation access
panel. Be sure that the subpanel and front bezel align properly
with the alignment tabs.
13. Reconnect the power cord to the grounded AC outlet, then
reconnect the network cable and any external devices to the
system.
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2
Hardware Upgrades
This chapter explains how to remove the workstation access panel and
the front bezel. It also explains how to install the following hardware
components:
■
Memory
■
Drives
■
Expansion boards
■
Processors
the setup procedures for the preinstalled software before you
✎ Finish
install any optional hardware or third-party devices that were not
included with your workstation.
Installation Sequence
Follow this sequence of steps to ensure the proper installation of any
optional equipment. Before you begin, observe the following
precautions.
Å
WARNING: To reduce the risk of personal injury from hot surfaces,
allow the internal system components to cool before touching them.
Å
WARNING: To reduce the risk of electrical shock, fire, or damage to the
equipment, do not plug telecommunications/telephone connectors into
the network interface controller (NIC) receptacles.
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Ä
CAUTION: Static electricity can damage the electronic components of
the workstation or optional equipment. Before beginning these
procedures, ensure that you are discharged of static electricity by briefly
touching a grounded metal object.
1. Shut down the operating system properly, then turn off the
workstation and any external devices. Disconnect the power cord
from the grounded AC outlet.
2. Disconnect the keyboard, monitor, mouse, network cable, and
other external equipment connected to the workstation.
3. Open the workstation by removing its workstation access panel.
See “Removing the Workstation Access Panel” in this chapter.
4. If you are installing or removing drives in the front bays, see
“Removing the Front Bezel” in this chapter for instructions.
5. Install any optional equipment, such as memory, additional
drives, expansion boards, processors, or batteries. See the
appropriate sections in this chapter or the appendixes for
installation instructions. Also refer to the documentation provided
with the optional equipment.
6. Replace the front bezel and the workstation access panel, if
necessary.
7. Reconnect the keyboard, mouse, monitor, network cable, and
other external devices.
8. Plug the power cord into a grounded AC outlet.
9. Turn on the monitor, workstation, and any external devices you
have installed.
10. Reconfigure the workstation, if necessary.
11. Test the workstation (optional) using the TEST utility.
2–2
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Removing the Workstation Access Panel
To remove the workstation access panel:
1. Shut down the operating system properly, then turn off the
workstation and any external devices.
2. Disconnect the power cord from the grounded AC outlet.
3. Loosen the two thumbscrews 1 as shown in the following
illustration.
4. Slide the access panel 2 back.
Loosening the two thumbscrews and removing the workstation access
panel
replacing the workstation access panel, be sure to tighten both
✎ When
thumbscrews.
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Removing the Front Bezel
To remove the front bezel:
1. Shut down the operating system properly, then turn off the
workstation and any external devices.
2. Disconnect the power cord from the grounded AC outlet.
3. Remove the workstation access panel. See “Removing the
Workstation Access Panel” in this chapter.
4. Remove the bezel:
a. Push in on the two front bezel release latches 1.
b. Rotate the front bezel away from the chassis 2 to release it.
Pressing the tabs to remove the front bezel
replacing the front bezel, ensure that the bottom hinge points
✎ When
are properly placed in the chassis before rotating the front bezel back
into its original position.
2–4
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Installing Additional Memory
Your workstation comes with Double Data Rate-Synchronous
dynamic random access memory (DDR-SDRAM) dual inline
memory modules (DIMMs).
The memory sockets on the system board can be populated with
industry-standard DIMMs. These sockets are populated with
two preinstalled memory modules. To achieve the maximum
memory support, you may be required to replace the preinstalled
DIMMs with higher capacity DIMMs. You can also install
additional DIMMs in the two unpopulated memory sockets.
DIMM Socket Locations
Your workstation supports a total of four DIMM sockets on
two channels (two sockets per channel). DIMMs must be installed
in identical pairs for dual channel operation.
The four DIMM sockets are numbered XMM1 and XMM3 (on
channel A) and XMM2 and XMM4 (on channel B). Refer to
the following figure for their locations on the system board.
DIMM socket locations
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DIMM Installation Guidelines
Å
WARNING: To reduce the risk of personal injury from hot surfaces,
allow the internal system components to cool before touching.
Å
WARNING: To reduce the risk of personal injury when replacing
or removing DIMMs, allow the module being removed from the
DIMM socket sufficient time to cool. DIMM temperatures can reach
212° F (100° C).
Ä
CAUTION: When handling a memory module, do not touch any of the
contacts. Doing so may damage the module.
Ä
CAUTION: Static electricity can damage the electronic components of
the workstation or option boards. Before beginning these procedures,
ensure that you are discharged of static electricity by briefly touching a
grounded metal object. Refer to Appendix E, “Electrostatic Discharge,” for
more information.
When installing DIMMs, follow these guidelines:
2–6
■
When installing additional memory modules, you must install
two DIMMs of identical type and speed into the unpopulated
memory sockets.
■
For proper system operation, if your system supports
DDR-SDRAM DIMMs, the DIMMs must be industry-standard
184-pin, Registered ECC PC 2100 266 MHz-compliant, 2.5 volt
DDR-SDRAM DIMMs. The DDR-SDRAM DIMMs must
support CAS Latency 2 or 2.5 (CL = 2 or CL = 2.5). They must
also contain the mandatory Joint Electronic Device Engineering
Council (JEDEC) Serial Presence Detect (SPD) information.
■
DIMMs must be installed correctly. Be sure to match the keyed
slot on the DIMM with the tab on the DIMM socket. Push the
DIMM down into the DIMM socket, ensuring that it is fully
inserted and properly seated and that the retaining arms are
locked in place.
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Ä
■
Install DIMMs in pairs across both memory channels. Each
DIMM socket populated with a DIMM on Channel A must be
populated with an identical DIMM on Channel B. For examples
of the correct configuration sequence, see the “DIMM Installation
Configurations” section later in this chapter.
■
Do not mix DIMMs with different memory speeds. Performance
will reflect the slowest speed DIMM.
■
Use only DIMMs that have been tested and approved by HP. Not
all DIMMs meet the HP standard for quality and reliability.
CAUTION: Your workstation will not function if the previous guidelines
are not followed when installing DIMMs.
DIMM Installation Configurations
When installing DIMMs, you must use the configurations in the
following table.
DIMM Installation Configurations
Memory Channel A
Possible
Configuration
1
DIMM Socket
DIMM Socket
DIMM Socket
DIMM Socket
XMM1
XMM3
XMM2
XMM4
DIMM
DIMM
DIMM
2
3
Memory Channel B
DIMM
DIMM
DIMM
DIMM
DIMM
Identical pairs for dual channel operation means XMM1 and XMM2
must have the same type of DIMM and XMM3 and XMM4 must have
the same type of DIMM for a fully populated system.
If you are only putting in two modules then they must be the same and
go in either XMM1 and XMM2 or XMM3 and XMM4. You must
have one in each channel for dual channel operation.
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Installing DIMMs
To install a DIMM:
1. Shut down the operating system properly, then turn off the
workstation and any external devices. Disconnect the power cord
from the grounded AC outlet.
2. Remove the workstation access panel.
3. Locate the DIMM sockets.
Ä
CAUTION: Be sure to follow the correct configuration guidelines or your
system will not function.
4. Refer to the following illustrations to install memory modules.
Installing a DIMM
5. Reassemble the workstation.
Removing DIMMs
To remove a memory module from a DIMM socket, reverse the
procedures in the previous section.
2–8
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Installing Additional Drives
This section provides a description of the drive bay components.
Instructions for removing a bezel blank and how to install or remove
a drive are also included.
Drive Bay Components
Your workstation supports up to five drive bays. Drive bays 1 through
3 are located on the front of the workstation. Bays 4 and 5 are located
inside the workstation. Your system supports various drive
configurations.
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Minitower Drive Bay Positions
✎ Drive bay numbers are stamped on the chassis behind the front bezel.
Identifying minitower drive bay components
Minitower Drive Bay Components
Bay
2–10
Drive Component
1
5.25-inch, half-height bay for optional drive.
2
5.25-inch, half-height bay for optional drive. A CD-ROM
drive is shipped in bay 2.
3
3.5-inch, diskette drive mounted in the 5.25-inch, one-third
height bay.
4
3.5-inch, one-third height bay for hard drive. A hard drive is
shipped in bay 4.
5
3.5-inch, one-third height bay for hard drive.
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Desktop Drive Bay Positions
Identifying desktop drive bay components
Drive Bay Components
Hardware Reference Guide
No.
Bay
Drive Component
1
5
3.5-inch, one-third height bay for hard drive.
2
4
3.5-inch, one-third height bay for hard drive.
3
3
3.5-inch, diskette drive mounted in the 5.25-inch,
one-third height bay.
4
1
5.25-inch, half-height bay for optional drive.
5
2
5.25-inch, half-height bay for optional drive.
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Preparing for Drive Installation
Remove the drive bezel blank before installing any removable media
storage device, such as a tape drive, CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drive, or
diskette drive, into these bay locations.
Removing the Bezel Blank
To remove the bezel blank:
1. Shut down the operating system properly, then turn off the
workstation and any external devices.
2. Disconnect the power cord from the grounded AC outlet.
3. Remove the workstation access panel. See “Removing the
Workstation Access Panel” in this chapter.
4. Remove the front bezel. See “Removing the Front Bezel” in this
chapter.
2–12
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5. Gently pull the subpanel, with the bezel blank still secured, away
from the front bezel. Remove the bezel blank from the subpanel.
Ä
CAUTION: Hold the subpanel straight when you pull it away from the
front bezel. Pulling the subpanel away at an angle could damage the pins
that align it within the front bezel.
Removing the bezel blank from the subpanel
replacing the subpanel, ensure that the aligning pins are
✎ When
properly oriented.
When converting from a minitower to a desktop orientation, use the
replacement subpanel that is shipped with your workstation to ensure
that the HP logo is properly oriented.
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Locating the Hardware Screws
Your workstation has extra guide screws stored behind the front bezel.
Install these screws to ensure that the drive lines up correctly in the
drive bay. Some options use M3 metric hardware. HP supplied metric
screws are black.
Identifying the guide screws
Installing a Hard Drive
The following sections provide instructions for installing a hard drive
into a 3.5-inch drive bay and into a 5.25-inch drive bay.
Installing a Hard Drive into a 3.5-Inch Drive Bay
to installing a SCSI device, read the section “SCSI Devices” in
✎ Prior
Appendix B.
To install a hard drive into a 3.5-inch drive bay:
1. Shut down the operating system properly, then turn off the
workstation. Disconnect the power cord from the grounded
AC outlet.
2. Remove the workstation access panel. See “Removing the
Workstation Access Panel” in this chapter.
3. Remove the front bezel. See “Removing the Front Bezel” in this
chapter.
2–14
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To install a hard drive into a 3.5-inch bay, see the following
two illustrations.
Installing a hard drive into a 3.5-inch hard drive bay
Connecting the signal cable and power cable
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4. Connect the ends of the cables to the appropriate system board
connectors. To locate the appropriate drive connectors, see
“System Board Components” in Chapter 1.
5. Reassemble the workstation.
Installing a Hard Drive into a 5.25-Inch Drive Bay
To install a 3.5-inch hard drive into a 5.25-inch, half-height drive bay,
the drive must be housed in an adapter.
to installing a SCSI device, read the section “SCSI Devices” in
✎ Prior
Appendix B.
To install the drive and adapter:
1. Shut down the operating system properly, then turn off the
workstation and any external devices. Disconnect the power cord
from the grounded AC outlet.
2. Remove the workstation access panel. See “Removing the
Workstation Access Panel” in this chapter.
3. Remove the front bezel. See “Removing the Front Bezel” in this
chapter.
2–16
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4. Remove four of the guide screws from behind the front bezel on
the workstation chassis. See “Locating the Hardware Screws” in
this chapter.
5. Secure the drive to the hard drive adapter by installing the
four guide screws into the drive as shown in the following
illustration.
Aligning the guide screws and installing a 3.5-inch drive
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6. Install the adapter in the drive bay by sliding it into the front of
the drive cage. The drivelock automatically secures the adapter
when the drivelock snaps into place.
Connecting the signal and power cables
7. Connect the opposite end of the cables to the appropriate system
board connectors. To locate the appropriate drive connectors, see
“System Board Components” in Chapter 1.
8. Reassemble the workstation.
2–18
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Removing a Drive
replacing the Ultra ATA hard drive in your workstation
✎ Ifwithyoua are
SCSI hard drive, you will need a multimode LVD SCSI cable
option kit.
Complete the following steps to remove a drive:
1. Shut down the operating system properly, then turn off the
workstation and any external devices. Disconnect the power cord
from the grounded AC outlet.
2. Remove the workstation access panel. See “Removing the
Workstation Access Panel” in this chapter.
3. Remove the front bezel. See “Removing the Front Bezel” in this
chapter.
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4. Disconnect the drive power and signal cables. If the drive is a
CD-ROM drive, disconnect the audio connector.
5. Release the drivelock.
❏
If the drive is in the minitower position, slide the drivelock to
release the drive in the drive bay.
Releasing a drive with the drivelock
2–20
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Hardware Upgrades
❏
If the drive is in the desktop position, press the drivelock
button to release the drive in the drive bay.
Releasing the drives with the drivelock button
6. While releasing the drivelock, push from the back of the drives
until the drive casing can be grasped from the front of the
workstation.
7. While holding the drive casing, pull the drives out of the
drive bay.
8. Store the drives in antistatic packaging.
9. Reassemble the workstation.
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Installing and Removing an Expansion Board
This section provides instructions for installing and removing PCI
and AGP expansion boards.
Identifying the AGP and PCI Sockets
Your workstation contains one Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP)
socket and four 32-bit, 33-MHz Peripheral Component Interconnect
(PCI) sockets. The following illustration identifies the physical
locations of these sockets.
Locating the AGP and PCI sockets
2–22
1
One AGP socket
2
Four PCI sockets
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Installing an Expansion Board
To install an expansion board:
1. Shut down the operating system properly, then turn off the
workstation and any external devices. Disconnect the power cord
from the grounded AC outlet.
2. Remove the workstation access panel. See “Removing the
Workstation Access Panel” in this chapter.
3. Locate a vacant AGP or PCI socket, depending on the type of
board that you are installing.
4. Remove the screw securing the expansion slot cover, then remove
the slot cover, as illustrated.
Removing the screw and expansion slot cover
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5. Slide the expansion board into the socket. Press firmly on the
board so that the whole connector seats properly in the socket.
installing an AGP expansion board, the board must have an ATX
✎ Ifbracket.
Installing an expansion board
6. Replace the screw to secure the board in the socket.
7. Reassemble the workstation.
8. Reconfigure the workstation, if necessary.
Removing an Expansion Board
To remove an expansion board, reverse the steps in the previous
section. When reversing these steps:
2–24
■
Be sure to store the board in antistatic packaging.
■
Install an expansion slot cover to close the open slot.
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Installing an Additional Processor
You can upgrade your workstation to a multiprocessor system. When
you install a second processor, it must be the same speed, cache size,
and type as the existing processor.
Å
WARNING: To reduce the risk of personal injury from hot surfaces,
allow the internal system components to cool before touching them.
Ä
CAUTION: Static electricity can damage the electronic components of
the workstation. Before beginning these procedures, be sure you are
discharged of static electricity by briefly touching a grounded metal
object.
Ä
CAUTION: Installing the processor incorrectly may damage the system
board. Have an HP authorized reseller or service provider install the
processor. If you plan to install it yourself, read all of the instructions
carefully before you begin.
Before installing a second processor, you must remove the air baffle.
To remove the air baffle:
1. Shut down the operating system properly, then turn off the
workstation and any external devices. Disconnect the power cord
from the grounded AC outlet.
2. Remove the workstation access panel. See “Removing the
Workstation Access Panel” in this chapter.
3. Place the workstation in the desktop position.
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Hardware Upgrades
4. Remove the air baffle:
a. Gently pull up on the air baffle until it comes loose from the
fan assembly.
b. Lift the air baffle out of the chassis.
Removing the air baffle
2–26
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Hardware Upgrades
5. Install the second processor (refer to the illustration on the
following page):
a. Open the secondary processor socket lever 1 fully (the full
swing angle of the lever is approximately 135 degrees).
Ä
CAUTION: Processor pins are delicate and bend easily. Use extreme
care when placing the processor in the socket.
b. Line up the two keyed corners of the pins on the processor 2
with the two keyed corners of the processor socket and install
the processor into the socket. Ensure that the underside of the
processor is level with the top of the processor socket.
Ä
CAUTION: If only one processor is installed, and you are replacing that
processor, be sure to install the processor in the primary processor socket
or your workstation will not function.
c. Lightly press down on the top of the processor while closing
the socket lever.
d. Check for proper processor seating in the socket. Using
your fingers, carefully try to lift the processor out of the
socket. A properly seated processor will not lift out of
the socket.
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Hardware Upgrades
e. Place the thermal grease on the bottom of the heatsink before
setting the heatsink on top of the processor.
workstation may come preinstalled with screws around the
✎ Your
second processor area where the new heatsink will attach. Remove
these screws before installing the new heatsink.
f.
Line up the captive screws with the holes on the system
board.
g. Tighten the screws 3 until they no longer turn and the spring
is fully compressed.
Installing a second processor/heatsink assembly
2–28
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Hardware Upgrades
6. Reinstall the air baffle:
a. Carefully lower the air baffle into the chassis over the
heatsinks.
b. Gently press down on the air baffle until it fits into the fan
assembly.
Ä
CAUTION: The air baffle is essential to proper cooling of the processors.
Without it, the processor will slow down to avoid overheating.
Reinstalling the air baffle
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Hardware Upgrades
7. Reassemble the workstation and connect the power cord to the
grounded AC outlet.
When replacing the workstation access panel, be sure to tighten both
thumbscrews. The air baffle is held in place when the workstation
access panel is secured.
manual Hardware Abstraction Layer (HAL) upgrade is necessary
✎ Awhen
installing a second processor after the system has gone
through the software unbundling process. If a second processor is
installed prior to unbundling, a manual upgrade is not necessary.
HP recommends that the software unbundling process be completed
prior to installing additional components. For information about
upgrading to a multiprocessor HAL, refer to the documentation
included in your processor upgrade kit.
Upgrading a Processor
You can upgrade your workstation by replacing an existing processor
with a faster processor. Before replacing an existing processor, you
will need to purchase the necessary hardware option kit. Please follow
the guidelines and procedures provided in the following sections to
upgrade your processor.
Preparing for a Processor Upgrade
2–30
Å
WARNING: To reduce the risk of personal injury from hot surfaces,
allow the internal system components to cool before touching them.
Ä
CAUTION: Installing the processor incorrectly may cause damage to the
system board. Have an HP authorized reseller or service provider install
the processor. If you choose to install it yourself, read all of the instructions
carefully before you begin.
Ä
CAUTION: Static electricity can damage the electronic components of
the workstation. Before beginning these procedures, be sure that you
are discharged of static electricity by briefly touching a grounded
metal object.
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Hardware Upgrades
Hardware Components Required
To upgrade your processor, contact your authorized service provider
to purchase the necessary hardware option kit. This kit contains the
following items:
■
Processor
■
Alcohol swab
■
Heatsink with thermal grease
Guidelines for Separating the Heatsink/Processor Assembly
Before upgrading your workstation with a new processor, the
following sequential events must take place in order to remove the
existing heatsink and processor assembly:
1. The heatsink and processor assembly is to be heated to an
optimum temperature to break the compound bonding them
together. See the following sections:
❏
“Heatsink Cool-Down Time”
❏
“Heatsink Warm-Up Time”
2. The heatsink is to be separated from the processor.
3. The processor is to be released from the processor socket.
Heatsink Cool-Down Time
The heat generated from the processor core transfers to the heatsink
making the assembly too hot to handle. From a power-on state to a
power-off state, it takes five minutes to cool the heatsink sufficiently
so that it can be handled comfortably yet keep the compound pliable
that is holding the processor to the heatsink.
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Hardware Upgrades
Heatsink Warm-Up Time
Minimal warm-up time is required to generate enough heat to soften
the compound holding the heatsink to the cold processor.
Ä
CAUTION: Lifting the heatsink straight up while it is in a cold state can
result in damage to the processor, because it may prematurely pull the
heatsink and processor assembly out of the processor socket. If this should
occur, you will need to open the processor socket by lifting up on the
processor retention lever before attempting to install the new processor.
From a power-off state to a power-on state, the heatsink must be
warmed (but not overheated) so that the heatsink can be handled
comfortably, yet keep the compound pliable that is holding the
processor to the heatsink.
1. Turn on the workstation and allow the operating system to boot.
2. Shut down the operating system properly, then turn off the
workstation and any external devices. Disconnect the power cord
from the grounded AC outlet.
Removing an Existing Processor
To remove an existing processor:
1. Shut down the operating system properly, then turn off the
workstation and any external devices. Disconnect the power cord
from the grounded AC outlet.
2. Remove the workstation access panel. See “Removing the
Workstation Access Panel” in this chapter.
3. Place the workstation in the desktop position.
2–32
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Hardware Upgrades
4. Remove the air baffle:
a. Gently pull up on the air baffle until it comes loose from the
fan assembly.
b. Lift the air baffle out of the chassis.
Removing the air baffle
5. Ensure that the heatsink is warm to the touch.
Ä
CAUTION: Lifting the heatsink straight up while it is in a cold state can
result in damage to the processor, because it may prematurely pull the
heatsink and processor assembly out of the processor socket. If this should
occur, you will need to open the processor socket by lifting up on the
processor retention lever before attempting to install the new processor.
If the heatsink is cold to the touch, see “Guidelines for Separating the
Heatsink/Processor Assembly” in this chapter.
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Hardware Upgrades
6. Remove the heatsink:
a. Untighten the captive screws 1.
b. Twist the heatsink slightly 2 to break the compound that is
holding it to the processor.
c. Lift the heatsink off the processor 3.
Twisting and lifting the heatsink off the processor
Ä
CAUTION: Lifting the heatsink straight up while it is in a cold state can
result in damage to the processor, because it may prematurely pull the
heatsink and processor assembly out of the processor socket. If this should
occur, you will need to open the processor socket by lifting up on the
processor retention lever before attempting to install the new processor.
If the heatsink is cold to the touch, see “Guidelines for Separating the
Heatsink/Processor Assembly” in this chapter.
2–34
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Hardware Upgrades
7. Remove the processor:
a. Open the secondary processor socket lever 1 fully (the full
swing angle of the lever is approximately 135 degrees).
b. Lift the processor out of the processor socket 2.
Removing the processor
Installing a New Processor
To install a new processor, see the “Installing an Additional
Processor” section in this chapter.
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A
Specifications
hp workstation xw6000
Component
U.S.
Metric
Minitower Dimensions
Height
Width
Depth
17.65 in
6.60 in
17.75 in
44.83 cm
16.76 cm
45.08 cm
Desktop Dimensions
Height
Width
Depth
6.60 in
17.65 in
17.11 in
16.76 cm
44.83 cm
43.46 cm
32 lb
14.54 kg
115 VAC
90–132 VAC
100–127 VAC
50–60 Hz
230 VAC
180–264 VAC
200–250 VAC
50–60 Hz
Temperature
Operating
Shipping
50° to 95° F
4° to 140° F
10° to 35° C
-15° to 60° C
Humidity (noncondensing)
Operating
Nonoperating
20% to 80%
10% to 90%
Approximate Weight
Power Supply
Operating Voltage Range
Rated Voltage Range
Rated Line Frequency
Maximum Altitude (unpressurized)
Operating
Nonoperating
Power Output
Rated Input Current (maximum)
Heat Dissipation (maximum)
Hardware Reference Guide
10,000 ft
30,000 ft
3,048 m
9,144 m
460 W
460 W
8.6 A
4.3 A
2641 BTU/hr
665 kg-cal/hr
A–1
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B
Hard Drive Installation
Using the Cable-Select Feature with Ultra ATA
Devices
Selected models of the HP workstation xw6000 have an internal
Ultra ATA hard drive installed. The configuration of the drive
employs a cable-select feature that identifies the drive as
device 0 (primary drive) or device 1 (secondary drive).
Device 1 is the drive connected to the cable’s middle connector.
Device 0 is the drive connected to the cable’s end connector (applies
only to 80-conductor ATA cables). See “Guidelines for Installing
Ultra ATA Devices” in this appendix for an example of an Ultra ATA
cable.
HP hard drives ship with jumpers preset to cable-select mode;
therefore, no jumper setting changes on the existing or optional
drives are required. If you purchase a third-party hard drive, refer to
the documentation included with the kit to ensure proper installation
and configuration of cables.
a second device on the primary controller, you must use
✎ Ifaninstalling
80-conductor Ultra ATA cable for optimal performance. This cable
is standard on selected models.
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Hard Drive Installation
Guidelines for Installing Ultra ATA Devices
When installing additional Ultra ATA drives, follow these guidelines:
■
If using multiple Ultra ATA devices, HP recommends that
the devices be split between the primary and secondary
Ultra ATA channels for optimum performance. Use an
additional Ultra ATA cable to connect the additional devices
to the system board.
■
UATA-100 cable:
18 inches maximum total length, 80-conductor cable with
maximum spacing of 6 inches between Drive 0 and Drive 1
UATA-100 cable
B–2
1
Device 0 (primary drive) connector
2
Device 1 (secondary drive) connector
3
System board connector
■
For optimal performance, connect hard drives to the primary
controller. Connect expansion devices, such as Ultra ATA
CD-ROM drives, tape drives, and diskette drives, to the
secondary controller.
■
Install either a third-height or a half-height drive into a
half-height bay.
■
Install guide screws to ensure that the drive lines up correctly in
the drive cage. HP has provided extra guide screws installed
in the front of the workstation chassis behind the front bezel.
Some options use M3 metric hardware. HP supplied metric
screws are black.
■
If only one device is connected to a cable, that device must be
attached to the end (Device 0) connector.
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Hard Drive Installation
SCSI Devices
This section contains information relating to SCSI device guidelines
and installation.
Guidelines for Using SCSI Devices
When installing and operating SCSI devices, you must follow these
guidelines:
■
A single Ultra SCSI controller supports up to seven SCSI devices
per channel.
■
Each Wide-Ultra SCSI, Ultra-Wide SCSI, Wide Ultra2 SCSI,
Ultra 320 SCSI, or Ultra 160 SCSI controller supports up to
15 SCSI devices per channel.
■
If using multiple SCSI devices, HP recommends that the devices
be split between Channel A and Channel B, if available, for
optimum performance.
■
SCSI cable recommendation:
❏
■
■
Hardware Reference Guide
53 inches maximum length twisted-pair, LVD cable with
built-in terminator, maximum of five drives with a minimum
drive spacing of 5.25 inches
The SCSI controller requires a unique SCSI ID (0–7 or 8–15) for
each SCSI device installed. The controller identifies a SCSI
device by its SCSI ID number rather than by its location. Moving
a SCSI device from one position to another on the SCSI chain
does not affect communication between the controller and
the device. The reserved and available SCSI ID numbers for
SCSI devices are:
❏
0—reserved for the primary hard drive
❏
7—reserved for the controller
❏
1 through 6 and 8 through 15—available for all other SCSI
devices
Either a CD-ROM or DVD-ROM is shipped in bay 2.
B–3
Longbow.book Page 4 Thursday, August 22, 2002 11:38 AM
Hard Drive Installation
■
Every SCSI chain or circuit must be terminated (closed) at both
ends. Some system boards have both ends of the SCSI cable
connected to, and terminated by, the system board. Termination
can be accomplished through one of the following methods:
❏
Using a cable with a built-in terminator. This cable was
shipped with your workstation.
❏
Using a cable with a terminating resistor plug in the last
connector.
❏
Connecting a SCSI device with its termination enabled into
the last connector.
❏
Connecting an external SCSI device with its
termination enabled to the external SCSI connector
on the rear panel of the computer.
■
Turn on all external SCSI devices before turning on the power
to the computer. This action enables the SCSI controller to
recognize the external devices.
■
The system accommodates a combination of internal and external
SCSI devices, such as hard drives, tape drives, and CD-ROM
drives.
■
HP does not recommend mixing different-width SCSI devices
on the same SCSI chain or on the same SCSI channel. Mixing
devices of different widths on the same chain or channel will
always result in the data transfer rate of the slowest device in
that chain. It is acceptable to mix Wide-Ultra2, Ultra 160, and
Ultra 320 devices on a single channel. Do not put Narrow
devices on a channel with any device type other than another
Narrow device.
For additional information about optional SCSI devices, refer
to the documentation included with the device or contact your
HP authorized dealer, reseller, or service provider.
Ä
B–4
CAUTION: Do not route cables near the air intake to the power supply.
Cables routed in this manner can block airflow to the power supply,
causing it to overheat.
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Hard Drive Installation
Guidelines for Installing SCSI Devices
you mix Ultra ATA and SCSI hard drives in the same system, the
✎ IfUltra
ATA drive will be the boot drive unless the boot order is
changed in the F10 Setup.
When replacing a hard drive, the replacement drive should be of
the same type as the drive being removed. If you are replacing an
Ultra ATA hard drive with a SCSI hard drive, you will need a
multimode LVD SCSI cable option kit.
If only one SCSI hard drive is used, it should be installed in bay 4.
Before installing a SCSI device:
■
Verify the SCSI ID of the drive and, if necessary, set the SCSI ID
to a unique number. See “Guidelines for Using SCSI Devices” in
this appendix or refer to the documentation included with the
device.
■
Determine if the device requires that termination be enabled or
disabled. Set the termination if necessary. See “Using a SCSI
Cable” in this appendix or refer to the documentation included
with the device.
SCSI Controllers
Your workstation ships with an integrated single channel Ultra 160
SCSI controller with an internal connector on the system board.
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Hard Drive Installation
SCSI Cables
The front drive bays are available for installing or connecting mass
storage SCSI devices.
Using a SCSI Cable
Selected models of the HP workstation xw6000 ship with a
multimode SCSI cable that supports Low Voltage Differential (LVD)
or single-ended devices. The cable accommodates up to three SCSI
devices in the front drive bay area (UATA models do not have the
SCSI cable).
Five-device SCSI cable with terminator
cable that shipped with your workstation may look different than
✎ The
the one illustrated (a five-device cable).
you are installing a narrow SCSI device, you will need to attach a
✎ If68-pin
to a 50-pin SCSI adapter.
For additional information about installing optional SCSI devices,
refer to the documentation included with the device option kit, or
contact your HP authorized dealer, reseller, or service provider.
B–6
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Hard Drive Installation
Using SCSISelect with SCSI Devices
The SCSI host adapter includes the SCSISelect utility to configure
the host adapter and to run SCSI disk utilities. To run the SCSISelect
utility:
■
In Post Messages Enabled mode: Press Ctrl + A when the
Press <Ctrl><A> for SCSISelect Utility message displays
during POST.
■
In Post Messages Disabled mode: When the HP logo screen
displays, press any key to exit the logo screen. Immediately
after exiting the logo screen, press Ctrl + A to access the
SCSISelect utility.
A menu displays with the following options:
■
Configure/View Host Adapter Settings
❏
❏
■
SCSI Bus Interface Definitions
◆
Host Adapter SCSI ID
◆
SCSI Parity Checking
◆
Host Adapter SCSI Termination
Additional Options
◆
Boot Device Options
◆
SCSI Device Configuration
◆
Advanced Configuration Options
SCSI Disk Utilities
❏
Lists all SCSI devices and SCSI ID numbers
additional information about configuring POST message display
✎ For
status, refer to the Computer Setup Guide on the Documentation
Library CD.
Hardware Reference Guide
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C
Battery Replacement
Replacing the Battery
The battery that comes with your computer provides power to the
real-time clock and has a lifetime of about three to five years.
When replacing the battery, use an equivalent 3-volt lithium coin cell
battery. A replacement battery may be purchased at your local retailer
or from the HP Web site.
spare part number for a standard coin cell battery is 153099-001,
✎ The
which corresponds to a CR2032 battery or equivalent.
Å
WARNING: Your computer contains an internal lithium manganese dioxide,
vanadium pentoxide, or alkaline battery or battery pack. There is a risk of fire
and burns if the battery pack is not handled properly. To reduce the risk of
personal injury:
■
■
■
Do not attempt to recharge the battery.
■
Replace the battery only with the HP spare designated for this product.
Do not expose the battery to temperatures higher than 140° F (60° C).
Do not disassemble, crush, puncture, short external contacts, or
dispose of the battery in fire or water.
Ä
CAUTION: Static electricity can damage the electronic components
of the workstation or optional equipment. Before beginning these
procedures, ensure that you are discharged of static electricity by briefly
touching a grounded metal object.
N
Batteries, battery packs, and accumulators should not be disposed of
together with the general household waste. To forward them to recycling
or proper disposal, please use the public collection system or return them
to HP, your authorized partners, or their agents.
Hardware Reference Guide
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Longbow.book Page 2 Thursday, August 22, 2002 11:38 AM
Battery Replacement
To replace the battery:
1. Shut down the operating system properly, turn off the computer
and any external devices, disconnect the power cord from the
electrical outlet, and remove the computer cover or access panel.
be necessary to remove an expansion card to gain access to
✎ Itthemay
battery.
2. Locate the battery 1 and battery holder 2 on the system board, as
shown in the following illustration.
Battery and battery holder
3. Press on the release tab 1 and then lift the battery out.
Removing the coin cell battery
C–2
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Battery Replacement
4. Slide the replacement battery into position, positive side up. The
battery holder automatically secures the battery in the proper
position.
5. Replace any expansion boards you have removed.
6. Replace the computer cover or access panel.
7. Plug in and turn on the computer.
8. Reset the date and time, your passwords, and any special system
setups, using Computer Setup. Refer to the Computer Setup
Guide on the Documentation Library CD for additional
information.
Hardware Reference Guide
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D
Security Lock Provisions
Securing the Workstation
Your workstation is designed to accept a lock 1 (not provided)
to control access to the inside components. Your workstation is
also designed with a cable lock slot 2. An optional cable lock
is available to help secure the workstation to a fixed object using
this cable lock slot.
Securing the workstation
Hardware Reference Guide
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E
Electrostatic Discharge
A discharge of static electricity from a finger or other conductor may
damage system boards or other static-sensitive devices. This type
of damage may reduce the life expectancy of the device.
Preventing Electrostatic Damage
To prevent electrostatic damage, observe the following precautions:
Hardware Reference Guide
■
Avoid hand contact by transporting and storing products in
static-safe containers.
■
Keep electrostatic-sensitive parts in their containers until they
arrive at static-free workstations.
■
Place parts on a grounded surface before removing them from
their containers.
■
Avoid touching pins, leads, or circuitry.
■
Always be properly grounded when touching a static-sensitive
component or assembly.
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Longbow.book Page 2 Thursday, August 22, 2002 11:38 AM
Electrostatic Discharge
Grounding Methods
Several methods for grounding are available. Use one or more
of the following methods when handling or installing
electrostatic-sensitive parts:
■
Use a wrist strap connected by a ground cord to a grounded
workstation or computer chassis. Wrist straps are flexible straps
with a minimum of 1 megohm +/-10 percent resistance in the
ground cords. To provide proper ground, wear the strap snug
against the skin.
■
Use heelstraps, toestraps, or bootstraps at standing workstations.
Wear the straps on both feet when standing on conductive floors
or dissipating floor mats.
■
Use conductive field service tools.
■
Use a portable field service kit with a folding static-dissipating
work mat.
you do not have any of the suggested equipment for proper
✎ Ifgrounding
or if you need for more information about static electricity,
contact your HP authorized dealer, reseller, or service provider.
E–2
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F
Routine Computer Care and
Shipping Preparation
Routine Computer Care
Follow these suggestions to take care of your computer and monitor:
Hardware Reference Guide
■
Operate the computer on a sturdy, level surface. Leave a 3-inch
(7.6-cm) clearance at the back of the system unit and above the
monitor to permit the required airflow.
■
Never operate the computer with the cover or side panel removed.
■
Never restrict the airflow into the computer by blocking the front
vents or air intake. Do not place the keyboard, with the keyboard
feet down, directly against the front of a unit that is in a desktop
configuration because this also restricts airflow.
■
Keep the computer away from excessive moisture, direct sunlight,
and extremes of heat and cold. For information about the
recommended temperature and humidity ranges for your
computer, see to Appendix A, “Specifications,” in this guide.
■
Keep liquids away from the computer and keyboard.
■
Never cover the ventilation slots on the monitor with any type of
material.
■
Turn off the computer properly before you do either of the
following:
❏
Wipe the exterior of the computer with a soft, damp cloth as
needed. Using cleaning products may discolor or damage the
finish.
❏
Occasionally clean the air vents on the front and back of the
computer. Lint and other foreign matter can block the vents
and limit the airflow.
F–1
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Routine Computer Care and Shipping Preparation
CD-ROM Drive Precautions
Be sure to observe the following guidelines while operating or
cleaning your CD-ROM drive.
Operation
■
Do not move the drive during operation. This may cause it to
malfunction during reading.
■
Avoid exposing the drive to sudden changes in temperature,
because condensation may form inside the unit. If the temperature
suddenly changes while the drive is on, wait at least one hour
before you turn off the power. If you operate the unit
immediately, it may malfunction while reading.
■
Avoid placing the drive in a location that is subject to high
humidity, extreme temperatures, mechanical vibration, or direct
sunlight.
■
Clean the panel and controls with a soft, dry cloth or a soft cloth
lightly moistened with a mild detergent solution. Never spray
cleaning fluids directly on the unit.
■
Avoid using any type of solvent.
Cleaning
Safety
If any object or liquid falls into the drive, immediately unplug the
computer and have it checked by an authorized HP service provider.
F–2
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Routine Computer Care and Shipping Preparation
Shipping Preparation
Follow these suggestions when preparing to ship your computer:
1. Back up the hard drive files onto PD discs, tape cartridges, or
diskettes. Be sure that the backup medium is not exposed to
electrical or magnetic impulses while stored or in transit.
hard drive locks automatically when the system power is
✎ The
turned off.
2. Remove and store any program diskettes that are located in the
diskette drives.
3. Insert a blank diskette into the diskette drive to protect the drive
while in transit. Do not use a diskette on which you have stored or
plan to store data.
4. Turn off the computer and external devices.
5. Disconnect the power cord from the electrical outlet and then
from the computer.
6. Disconnect the system components and external devices from
their power sources and then from the computer.
that all boards are seated properly and secured in the board
✎ Ensure
sockets before shipping the computer.
7. Pack the system components and external devices in their original
packing boxes or similar packaging with sufficient packing
material to protect them.
environmental nonoperating ranges, see Appendix A,
✎ For
“Specifications,” in this guide.
Hardware Reference Guide
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Index
A
access panel, removing 2–3
adapter, hard drive 2–16
AGP
location 2–22
ATX bracket 2–24
audio connectors 1–3
audio system 1–6
installation precautions 2–1
installation sequence 2–1
rear panel 1–3
configuration
desktop 1–10
minitower 1–14
cool-down time, processor 2–31
customer service 1–10
B
D
battery
installation sequence 2–2
battery replacement C–1, C–2
bezel blank
caution 1–13
proper handling 2–13
removing 2–12
replacing subpanel 2–13
bracket, ATX 2–24
desktop configuration
changing to minitower 1–14
DIMM
installation sequence 2–2
removing 2–8
drive
adapter 2–17
hardware screws 2–14
installation preparation 2–12
installation sequence 2–2
installing 2–14, 2–15, 2–16
primary or secondary B–1
removal 2–19
drive bay
desktop position 2–11
minitower position 2–10
drivelock 1–15, 2–20, 2–21
C
cable
SCSI B–6
UATA-100 B–2
cable lock D–1
cable-select B–1
care, computer F–1
cautions
electrostatic damage 2–2
CD-ROM drive, precautions F–2
components
drive bay 2–9
front panel 1–2
Hardware Reference Guide
E
Easy Access Keyboard
components 1–7
software 1–8
electrostatic damage
grounding E–2
preventing E–1
Index–1
Longbow.book Page 2 Thursday, August 22, 2002 11:38 AM
Index
expansion board
installation 2–22
installation sequence 2–2
removal 2–22
F
front bezel
proper handling 2–13
removing 2–4
front panel components 1–2
G
grounding methods E–2
guide screws 2–14
H
hard drive
adapter 2–16
installing 2–14, 2–16
removing 2–19
hardware screws 2–14
hardware upgrade kit, processor 2–31
headphone connector 1–3
heatsink/processor
cool-down 2–31
removal 2–34
separating 2–31
warm-up 2–32
I
installation sequence 2–1
installing
drive 2–12, 2–15, 2–16
drive adapter 2–17
expansion board 2–22, 2–23
heatsink 2–28
memory 2–5
processor 2–25
Index–2
K
keyboard
connector 1–3
functions 1–7
Windows Logo Key 1–9
L
line-out audio connector 1–3
M
memory
installation sequence 2–2
installing DIMMs 2–7
removing 2–8
microphone connector 1–3
minitower configuration
changing to desktop 1–10
minitower drive bay positions 2–10
mouse
connector 1–3
functions 1–10
N
network interface connector (NIC) 1–3
P
parallel connector 1–3
PCI socket location 2–22
power cord connector 1–3
power-on light 1–2
primary drive B–1
processor
cool-down time 2–31
installation sequence 2–2
installing 2–35
removing 2–32
upgrade 2–30
guidelines 2–31
hardware required 2–31
upgrade kit 2–31
warm-up time 2–32
Hardware Reference Guide
Longbow.book Page 3 Thursday, August 22, 2002 11:38 AM
Index
processor installation 2–25
processor/heatsink assembly 2–28
R
rear audio connectors 1–3
rear panel components 1–3
rear panel connectors 1–3
removing
bezel blank 1–13, 1–17, 2–12
DIMM 2–8
expansion board 2–22, 2–24
front bezel 2–4
heatsink 2–34
processor 2–32
side access panel 2–3
replacing battery C–1, C–2
reset switch, CMOS 1–4
S
SCSI device
guidelines B–3
ID B–5
termination B–4
SCSISelect B–7
secondary drive B–1
serial connector 1–3
serial number 1–10
shipping the computer F–3
side access panel 2–3
software
Easy Access 1–8
INSPECT 1–1
SCSISelect B–7
TEST 2–2
specifications A–1
Hardware Reference Guide
system board components
CMOS reset switch 1–5
Voltage Regulator Module (VRM) 1–5
system board connectors
audio 1–4
CD-ROM audio 1–4
diskette drive 1–4
power supply 1–4
primary ATA 1–4
secondary ATA 1–4
system board sockets
AGP Pro 1–5
PCI 1–5
primary processor 1–4
secondary processor 1–4
T
termination, SCSI chain B–4
TEST utility 2–2
U
UATA-100 cable B–2
upgrade kit, processor 2–31
upgrading processor 2–30
USB connector 1–3
utilities. See software
V
Voltage Regulator Module (VRM) 1–5
W
warm-up time, processor 2–32
warnings
personal injury 2–1
Windows Logo Key 1–9
Index–3
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