Raymarine | L470 | Instruction manual | Raymarine L470 Instruction manual

FishFinder L470
Instruction Manual
Raymarine
Contents
1
2
3
iv
Echo sounding – How it works (inside front cover)
FishFinder L470 – Features and functions i
For information and service ii
Introduction 1
About the FishFinder L470 1
System Components 2
Standard Equipment 2
Standard Transducers 2
Optional Accessories 2
Installation 4
About the Transducer 4
Selecting the Correct Type of Transducer 5
Assembling the Transducer Bracket 6
Positioning the Transom-Mount Transducer 6
Mounting the Transom-Mount Transducer 9
Mounting the Optional Sidelooker Transducer Transom-Mount Installation 10
Installation Notes – Thru-Hull Transducer 11
Installation Notes – In-Hull Transducer 12
Installation Notes – Trolling Motor Transducers 13
Installation Notes –
Transducer for Speed and Temperature Only 14
EMC Installation Guidelines 14
Mounting the Display Unit – Standard Mount 16
Dismounting the Display Unit 16
Mounting the Display Unit – Flush Mount 18
Installing the Transducer Cable 19
Installing the Transducer Cable – Sidelooker Option 21
Installing the Transducer Cable –
Separate Speed and Temperature Sensors 21
Making the DC Power Connections 22
Calibrating the Sensors 24
Operating Instructions 26
Controls on Display Panel 26
Turning the Power On and Off 28
Setup Memory 28
4
Lamp/Contrast Menu 29
Operating Pages 30
FishFinder Page 32
Choosing a Frequency 37
Fish Indications 38
Bottom Indications 39
Window Page 41
Sidelooker Page 43
Digital Page 47
Performance Modes 50
Zoom Mode 50
A-Scope (Bottom Coverage) Mode 52
Bottom Lock Mode 54
Setup Instructions 56
The Setup Menu 56
Range Setting 57
Sensitivity Setting 58
Chart Speed Setting 60
Frequency Setting 61
Resetting the Log 63
System Setup Menu 64
Deep Alarm 68
Simulator 65
Fish Alarm 68
Language 65
Buzzer 69
Fish Symbols 65
Depth Units 70
White Line 65
Speed Units 70
VRM 66
Temp Units 70
Sidelooker 66
Speed 70
Speed Cal 66
Log 70
Temp Cal 67
Temp 70
Depth Digits 67
Shallow Alarm 67
Setup Menus for Zoom Mode 71
Zoom Select Menu 71
Zoom Screen Split/Full Menu Item 72
Setup Menus for Bottom Lock Mode 73
Bottom Lock Range Menu Item 73
Bottom Lock Split/Full Menu Item 74
Setup Menu for Window Page 75
Resetting from the Digital Page 76
v
5
6
vi
Setup Instructions for Sidelooker 76
Sidelooker Range Menu Item 77
Sidelooker Sensitivity Menu Item 78
Sidelooker Chart Speed Menu Item 78
Sidelooker View Menu item 79
Combining Displays 80
Resetting the Unit to Factory Defaults 81
Default Settings 82
Maintenance and Troubleshooting 83
Cleaning Instructions 83
Troubleshooting Suggestions 83
Servicing a Thru-Hull Transducer 87
How to Contact Raymarine 87
Specifications 91
General Information 91
FishFinder Functions 92
Connector Diagrams 93
Glossary of Terms 94
List of Figures
Figure
1-1
2-1
2-2
2-3
2-4
2-5
2-6
2-7
2-8
2-9
2-10
2-11
2-12
2-13
2-14
2-15
2-16
2-17
3-1
3-2
3-3
3-4
3-5
3-6
3-7
3-8
3-9
3-10
3-11
3-12
3-13
3-14
3-15
4-1
4-2
4-3
4-4
4-5
Page
Unit in Use
Inside front cover
Front Panel
i
Typical Installation
1
Transducer Types
5
Assembling the Transducer Bracket
6
Transducer Mounted on Transom
7
Transducer Bracket, Side View
7
Correct Mounting Position
8
Mounting the Transducer
8
Installing the Sidelooker Transducer
10
Installing the Sidelooker Transducer
on a Trolling Motor
13
Suppression Ferrites
15
Installation on Bracket
16
Dimensions
17
Flush-Mount Installation
18
Disassembling from Bracket
19
Installing Cable on Transom
20
Cable for Sidelooker Transducer
21
Cable for Speed and Temperature Sensor
22
DC Power Connections
23
Display Panel
26
Lamp/Contrast Menu
29
Operating Pages
31
FishFinder Page
32
Fish Indications
38
Bottom Conditions
40
Window Page
41
Options for Window Page
42
Sidelooker Feature
43
Sidelooker Page
44
Digital Page
47
Performance Modes
49
Zoom Mode
50
A-Scope Mode
52
Bottom Lock Mode
54
Setup Menus
56
Range Menu Item
57
Sensitivity Menu Item
58
Changing the Chart Speed Setting
60
Chart Speed Menu Item
61
vii
4-6
4-7
4-8
4-9
4-10
4-11
4-12
4-13
4-14
4-15
4-16
4-17
4-18
4-19
4-20
5-1
6-1
viii
Frequency Menu Item
Log Reset Menu Item
Reaching the System Setup Menu
System Setup Menu
Zoom Select Menu Item
Zoom Screen Split/Full Menu Item
Bottom Lock Range Menu Item
Bottom Lock Split/Full Menu Item
Digital Setup Menu Item
Sidelooker Range Menu item
Sidelooker Sensitivity Menu Item
Sidelooker Chart Speed Menu Item
Sidelooker View Menu Item
Split FishFinder Page with A-Scope Mode
Window Page with Option G Selected
and Zoom Enabled
Sample Mailing Label
Connector Diagrams
61
63
64
64
71
72
73
74
75
77
78
78
79
80
81
89
93
1 – Introduction
About the FishFinder L470
The FishFinder L470 is a system that uses sound waves (“sonar”) to
detect fish and show the bottom of a lake or sea. The system includes a
transducer and a display unit, connected by a cable. The transducer
sends high-frequency sound waves down into the water. These sounds
strike fish, the bottom, or other objects in the water, and return as echoes.
The FishFinder then interprets these echoes and presents a display.
The FishFinder L470 can handle many different jobs:
•
detect the presence of fish below the boat
•
trigger an alarm when fish are found
•
measure the depth of the water
•
set alarms for minimum and maximum depth
•
show the shape of the bottom
•
determine whether the seabed is hard or soft
•
measure the speed of the boat and the distance traveled
•
show the water temperature
We are sure you will find the FishFinder L470 to be one of the most useful
devices on your boat.
Raymarine
FishFinder L470
Display Unit
PWR
SETUP
CLEAR
ZOOM
A-SCP
BOT
LOCK
L470
Optional Thru Hull
Transducer
Transducer mounted
in quick release
transom bracket
Introduction
Fig. 1-1
Typical Installation
1
System Components
The FishFinder L470 consists of a compact display unit connected to
a transducer. The transducer is attached to the boat and extends into
the water.
Standard Equipment
When you unpack your FishFinder L470, you should find the following
standard equipment in the carton. If any items are missing, please notify
your Raymarine dealer immediately, or contact the Customer Service
Department at Raymarine at 1-800-539-5539, ext. 2333. Please provide
the serial number of the FishFinder when reporting any missing items.
Description
FishFinder L470 display unit
Quick-release swivel-mount bracket
(with mounting hardware)
DC power cable
Instruction manual
Four #10 x 3/4” ss mounting screws
Part No.
E61013
G623996-1
M99-146
G627172-3
—
Standard Transducers
Depending on which model of the L470 you have purchased, the box will
include one of the transducers listed below:
Description
Transom-mount transducer (with speed
and temperature sensors, including
mounting bracket and hardware)
Bronze thru-hull transducer (with
speed and temperature sensors)
Part No.
M78898
M78923
Optional Accessories
Optional accessories and parts can be purchased directly from
Raymarine. For prices and ordering information, please call the Parts
Department at (800) 539-5539 ext. 2333.
2
Introduction
Description
Sidelooker transom-mount transducer
Sidelooker transducer for trolling motor
mounting. Companion with M78928
downlooker depth/temp transducer,
with 12 ft. (3.6 m) cable and hardware
Part No.
M78930
M78929
Extension cable, 5 pin (15 ft., 4.5 m)
Extension cable, 9 pin (15 ft., 4.5 m)
M99-140
M99-139
Flush-mounting kit (with hardware and
mounting template)
M99-138
Fairing block for M78923 thru-hull
transducer (Lexan®)
Low profile plastic thru-hull transducer
(Valox® plastic, sensor for depth only)
Bronze thru-hull transducer
(sensor for depth only)
M99-142
M78922
M78921
In-hull/trolling motor transducer (for installation in
fiberglass hull only, or mounting on trolling motor,
including hardware for either installation
and 20’ or 6m cable)
M78928
Angled in-hull transducer (for installation
in fiberglass hull only, where deadrise
angle is 10° to 22°)
M78946
Plastic thru-hull transducer (Valox® plastic, with
speed and temperature sensors, used with depthonly transducers M78922, M78928, M78946)
M78937
Transom-mount speed and temperature
sensor (used with depth-only transducers
M78922, M78928, M78946)
Replacement transom transducer
mounting bracket kit
M78936
M99-148
Transducer switch box (select between two L470
FishFinder displays, using one transducer)
M99-136
Replacement paddle wheel kit (for transommount transducer)
Replacement paddle wheel kit
(for thru-hull transducer)
Replacement paddle wheel kit
(for bronze thru-hull transducer)
Introduction
M99-143
D234
D144
3
2 – Installation
The installation process has four parts:
•
•
•
•
Mounting the transducer
Mounting the display unit
Connecting the cables for the transducer and power supply
Calibrating the display unit
About the Transducer
Several different kinds of transducers can be used with this unit. The transommount style, used most often, and in-hull types are shown in Fig. 2-1.
Besides measuring depth, the transducers have two other sensors: a
paddle wheel which detects the speed of the boat, and a sensor for the
water temperature. An optional transducer, the Sidelooker, detects
objects by looking out to the sides of the boat.
Since the transducer is very important to the operation of the FishFinder,
it is vital that the transducer be mounted correctly. The transducer will
give the most reliable readings if it looks into water which is smooth and
undisturbed. If you place the transducer so bubbles or turbulence flow
across the face of the unit, the system may give inaccurate readings.
There are three important rules when mounting any type of transducer:
•
•
•
4
The transducer should be continuously covered by water when the
boat is moving. (If the transducer is mounted near the side of the
boat, it may be exposed when the boat is turning.)
The transducer should be placed where turbulence or bubbles will not
pass directly over the face of the unit. Don’t place the transducer
behind any running strakes, intakes, or thru-hull fittings which create
turbulence.
The transducer should be mounted where it will not be affected by the
wash from the propeller(s).
Installation
M78898
Transom-mount
transducer
M78946
In-hull
transducer
M78923
Thru-hull
transducer
M78930
Sidelooker
transducer for
transom mount
M99-142
Fairing for
thru-hull transducer
M78929
Sidelooker
transducer for
trolling motor
Fig. 2-1
Transducer
Types
Selecting the Correct Type of Transducer
Before you begin the installation, double-check to be sure you have the
correct type of transducer. Each kind of transducer is designed for a
particular type of use. In this manual we will include detailed mounting
instructions for the transom-mount transducer. We will also include some
general information on the other types. For detailed information on these
other transducers, see the instructions which are packaged with the unit.
Use a transom-mount transducer if –
. . . your boat has an outboard or inboard-outboard engine(s), and if you’re
planning to use the Sidelooker option. This type of transducer must be
mounted ahead of or beside the propeller(s). Do not use this type of
transducer for a boat with a straight-shaft inboard engine.
Use a thru-hull transducer if –
. . . your boat has a straight-shaft inboard engine. This type of transducer
is installed in a hole drilled through the hull.
Use an in-hull transducer if –
. . . you have a high-speed boat or if, for some reason, you cannot use a
transom-mount or thru-hull transducer. The hull may be no more than 1" thick.
Installation
5
Use a trolling motor transducer if –
. . . you want to attach the transducer to a trolling motor. (Not recommended for deep water operations.)
Use a Sidelooker transducer –
. . . for searching for fish or structure on either side of the boat. This type
of transducer is attached to the bracket of the transom-mount transducer,
or to the shaft of the trolling motor.
Assembling the Transducer Bracket
Fit together the two parts of the transducer bracket as shown in Fig. 2-2.
When the installation is complete, the parts snap together as shown.
LIKE THIS!
Attach the
two parts
Lower the transducer
and snap in the
release clip
NOT THIS!
Bracket is installed
upside down
Fig. 2-2
Assembling
the Transducer
Bracket
Positioning the Transom-Mount Transducer
Begin by finding the best location for the mounting bracket. Here are the rules:
•
•
6
If your boat has one propeller (outboard or inboard-outboard), mount
the transducer about 18" (455 mm) to the side of the centerline of the
boat. See Fig. 2-3. Choose the side that is on the downstroke of the
propeller. (This is usually the starboard side of the boat.) This will
reduce interference caused by air bubbles.
If the propeller can be turned to steer the boat, allow at least 2" (50 mm)
beyond the swing radius of the propeller. This will prevent the propeller
from damaging the transducer when it is turned. After installation, check
the clearance by turning the wheel so the propeller swings toward the
transducer. There should always be a 2" (50 mm) clearance.
Installation
Fig. 2-3
Transducer
Mounted on
Transom
Allow a clearance
of at least 10
inches (254 mm)
Transducer in
released position
10"
(254 mm)
Fig. 2-4
Transducer
Bracket,
Side View
•
•
•
If your boat has twin propellers (outboard or inboard-outboard), place
the transducer near the centerline of the boat.
Do not mount the transducer behind any hull fittings, intakes, or
other parts which extend from the hull. These may cause turbulence
or air bubbles.
The bracket has a quick-release mechanism. This may reduce damage by allowing the transducer to flip up if it hits any debris or the
bottom. See Fig. 2-4. Allow enough clearance above the transducer so
that it can swing upward completely. This is about 10" (254 mm)
Installation
7
Average transom angle–
no wedge necessary
Vertical transom –
place wedge this way
2 to 5
2 to 5
Sloping transom–
place wedge this way
2 to 5
For fiberglass hull – 1/8" to 1/4" (3.2 to 6 mm)
For aluminum hull – 1/4" to 3/8" (6 to 9 mm)
No!
No!
The bow of the transducer
is above the bottom of the
transom, creating
cavitation.
Rivets on the hull are
creating bubbles.
Lower the transducer
a bit.
No!
The rear of the transducer
is too high, creating
cavitation.
Fig. 2-5
Correct Mounting
Position
Insert screws 1 and 3
1/4" from the bottom of
slots, and screw 2
1/4" from the top of the
slot to allow room for
adjustment.
1
2
3
Correct
alignment
If screws are inserted
this way, it won’t be
possible to make the
height adjustment.
Fig. 2-6
Incorrect
alignment
8
Mounting
the Transducer
Installation
•
•
measured from the bottom of the transom.
If considering the Sidelooker option, look for a mounting location
where the Sidelooker array will not be blocked by the engine housing
or other mounted hardware.
If the boat will be carried on a trailer, be sure the transducer will not
hit any rollers, bunks or fittings on the trailer.
Mounting the Transom-Mount Transducer
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
On a boat with a fiberglass hull, the leading edge of the transducer
should extend 1/8" (3.2 mm) to 1/4" (6 mm) below the bottom edge of
the hull. See Fig. 2-5. On an aluminum hull, the transducer should
extend a bit more – 1/4" (6 mm) to 3/8" (9 mm). If the boat will be
operated at high speeds, the transducer may be mounted closer to
the centerline of the hull.
The lower surface of the transducer should tilt down toward the rear
at a slight angle (2° to 5°). The mounting bracket includes a wedge.
Depending on the angle of the transom on your boat, you may need
this wedge to get the correct angle for the bottom of the transducer.
Looking at the rear of the boat, be sure the bracket is vertical
(perpendicular to the water line).
Hold the bracket (and the wedge, if used) against the transom and
trace the positions of the screw slots.
Remove the bracket. See Fig. 2-6. The screws in the outer slots
should be placed about 1/4" (6 mm) up from the bottom of each slot.
The screw in the center slot should be placed 1/4” (6 mm) down from
the top. (This will allow you to adjust the bracket up or down a bit.)
Drill pilot holes 3/4" (19.1 mm) deep. Use a 9/64" (3.6 mm) drill bit.
To prevent drilling too deeply, wrap masking tape around the drill bit
about 7/8" (22 mm) from the tip. Drill in only as far as the tape
marker.
If you are attaching the bracket to a fiberglass hull, you can minimize
any surface cracking of the gel coat. Before drilling each pilot hole,
drill a shallow hole (chamfer) at each location about 1/16" (1.5 mm)
deep. Use a 1/4" (6 mm) drill bit.
Attach the bracket to the hull using the panhead screws with flat
washers. Before you tighten the screws, apply a good-quality marine
sealant to the pilot holes. This will protect the hull from water penetration. Do not tighten the screws completely yet.
Installation
9
7.
8.
Move the bracket up or down so that the leading edge of the transducer has the clearance shown in Fig. 2-5.
Once the bracket is in the correct position, you can tighten the screws.
Mounting the Optional Sidelooker Transducer Transom-Mount Installation
1.
2.
The Sidelooker transducer allows the display unit to check the water
to either side of the boat. This is helpful when you are looking for fish
or structure near banks, or under docks or piers.
The M78930 Sidelooker transducer is attached to the same mounting
bracket used with the transom-mount transducer. See Fig. 2-7. Begin
by installing the transom-mount bracket as described earlier.
Fig. 2-7
Installing the
Sidelooker
Transducer
3.
4.
5.
10
Remove the two screws and the bracket covering the paddle wheels.
Attach the Sidelooker transducer to the top of the transom mounting
bracket. Use the four panhead screws supplied. The fit should be
snug, but do not overtighten the screws.
Run the Sidelooker cable beside the depth cable for the transommount transducer.
Installation
Installation Notes – Thru-Hull Transducer
Detailed instructions for this installation will be included with the transducer. In this section, we will note just a few important points.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Earlier we listed three general rules for placing transducers. All of
these rules apply when you are mounting a thru-hull transducer.
Here are some other rules for selecting the best mounting location:
For planing hulls – Install in the flat planing area near the stern.
Always install forward of the propeller(s) and shaft(s).
For small displacement hulls – Install near the centerline of the hull
and 1/3 of the way forward from the stern. Always install forward of
the propeller(s) and shaft(s).
For large displacement hulls – Install near the centerline of the hull
and 1/3 of the way aft from the bow. Always install forward of the
propeller(s) and shaft(s).
For sailboats – Install forward of the leading edge of the keel, to one
side and near the centerline of the hull.
Choose a location where you can easily reach the transducer from
inside the boat. This will allow you to service the unit. Allow at least
6" (152 mm) of headroom above the transducer.
When choosing a mounting location, drill a small pilot hole (1/8" or 3.2
mm) from the inside of the hull. Before you drill the hole, be sure you
will be able to reach the large nut on the top of the unit, and that there
will be enough clearance for the cable. If there is a strake or other
feature on the hull, drill from the outside of the hull instead. (This
small hole can be filled easily if the mounting location is not suitable.)
The position of the transducer is especially critical on high speed
boats (capable of more than 20 knots). Check the locations of the
transducers on similar boats before installing the transducer in your
own boat. Choose the location which will offer the best performance.
If the bottom of the hull at the mounting location is flat, you can mount
the transducer directly through the hull. If the hull rises at an angle
(the “deadrise angle”) of more than 10°, you must include a mounting
block or “fairing.” The transducer must be mounted in a vertical
position. Attach the fairing block to the hull as firmly as possible. This
fairing block must be able to resist the drag of the water against the
hull, and must also be completely waterproof.
Installation
11
6.
7.
8.
If the hull of the boat has a core-type hull, you will need to follow
some special mounting procedures. The core material must be
protected from any water which may leak from the inside of the boat.
(If the core material is allowed to remain wet, it may rot and weaken
the hull.)
When working with the transducer, support it by holding the body of
the unit or the rings. Do not hang the transducer from the cable.
It is very important to seal the opening around the transducer using a
high-quality marine sealant suitable for underwater use. After
installation, do not leave your boat in the water for any amount of time
without checking for leaks.
Installation Notes – In-Hull Transducer
Detailed instructions for this installation will be included with the transducer. In this section, we will note just a few important points.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
12
Choose the best mounting location:
For outboard powerboats – Install as far aft as possible
For inboard/outboard powerboats – Install close to the engine(s)
For inboard powerboats – Install forward of the propeller(s) and
shaft(s)
For sailboats – Install near the centerline of the hull and forward of
the leading edge of the keel
An in-hull transducer may only be installed in a fiberglass hull which
is no more than 1" (25 mm) thick. The in-hull transducer may not be
installed in wood or aluminum hulls.
Use the standard in-hull transducer if it will be installed in a flat part
of the hull, or a section with no more than 10° of deadrise. Use the
angled in-hull transducer if the mounting location has up to a 22° of
deadrise.
Do not try to compensate for the angle of the hull by fairing the epoxy
adhesive on the face of the transducer.
Use the epoxy supplied with the in-hull transducer, or an equivalent
epoxy glue. Do not use any other type of adhesive, including silicone
or RTV adhesive.
Installation
Installation Notes – Trolling Motor Transducers
Both Downlooker and Sidelooker transducers may be installed on a
trolling motor. See Fig. 2-8.
Fig. 2-8
Installing the
Sidelooker
Transducer on a
Trolling Motor
Detailed instructions for these installations will be included with the
transducer(s). The Downlooker transducer is mounted on the horizontal
gear case of the motor. The Sidelooker transducer is attached to the
vertical support tube. These installations are simple, but it is important to
keep these points in mind:
1.
2.
3.
Keep the Sidelooker transducer fully submerged. The transducer will
only produce an image if it is immersed in water.
Keep the Sidelooker transducer clear of weeds or debris.
When the position of the trolling motor is changed, the field of view of
the Sidelooker also changes. The Sidelooker can be aimed at
interesting echoes, but can also be positioned so that it is looking
back at the hull. Be aware of the position of the Sidelooker transducer.
Installation
13
Installation Notes – Transducer for Speed and
Temperature Only
This type of transducer may be used with a thru-hull transducer which
reads depth only. The speed/temperature transducer is attached to the
transom of the boat. Detailed instructions for this installation will be
included with the transducer. The cable for this transducer uses a “Y”
connector. See the notes on “Installing the Transducer Cable.”
EMC Installation Guidelines
When different types of marine electronic equipment are mounted closely
together in a tight space, they may interfere with each other. The design
and manufacture of this unit follow industry standards for “Electromagnetic
Compatibility” (EMC). However, it is important to install the unit correctly to
ensure the best possible performance. Below is a list of some of the
factors which could affect the operation of the product. Some of these
factors may affect the way you install the FishFinder and the wiring
cables.
•
•
•
Place the display unit and the power and signal cables at least 3 ft.
(1m) from any equipment transmitting radio signals, or any cables
carrying radio signals. This includes VHF radios, cables and antennas. In the case of SSB radios, the distance should be increased to 7
ft. (2m).
Allow a space of at least 7 ft. (2m) from the path of a radar beam.
Normally, a radar beam will spread about 20° above and below the
radiating element.
The power for the display unit should be supplied from a different
battery than the one used to start the engine. If the voltage to the
FishFinder unit drops below +10.8 V DC, this could cause the unit to
reset. This will not damage the equipment, but it may cause the loss
of some information, and it can change the operating mode.
Avoid running the FishFinder power wires near the power wiring for any
radar, radio, or Loran-C units. If possible, wire the FishFinder power wires
to a separate circuit breaker.
•
14
If the transducer cable runs near another electrical wire, it may pick
up electrical interference or “noise.” To reduce this, try to keep the
Installation
•
•
transducer cable separated as far as possible from all other wires.
This is especially important with wiring for the boat’s ignition, alternator, or tachometer. It is also helpful to keep the transducer cable away
from the FishFinder power cable. If it is necessary to run the transducer cable across any wires, make the crossing at a right angle.
Use only genuine Raymarine cables. During the installation, do not
cut the transducer cable or remove the connector. Do not try to
shorten or splice the cable. The transducer cable includes several
wires, along with shielding and insulation. If the cable is cut, it cannot
be repaired. (Cutting the cable will also void the warranty.) During
installation, if you need to drill any holes for the cable, they must be
large enough to accept the connector. This will allow you to make the
installation without cutting the wire.
A “suppression ferrite” may be attached to one of the cables. See Fig.
2-9. If you must remove the ferrite during installation, be sure to
reassemble it in the same position.
Fig. 2-9
Suppression
Ferrites
Installation
15
To release the
display from
the base,
press on the
right and left
sides until you
hear the clicks.
Slide the
display out
of the bracket.
Raymarine
PWR
SETUP
CLEAR
ZOOM
BOT
LOCK
FISHFIND
ER
L470
A-SCP
The angle of
the display
can be changed.
The display can
be turned from
side to side.
Fig. 2-10
Installation
on Bracket
Mounting the Display Unit – Standard Mount
You may mount the display unit on any flat surface using the bracket
supplied. See Fig. 2-10. (There is also an optional kit which allows you to
flush-mount the display in a flat panel or dashboard). Follow these
instructions if you are using the standard mounting bracket:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
The “LCD” type display used on this unit is easier to see from certain
angles. Before selecting a permanent mounting location, make
temporary power connections and turn on the unit. This will allow you
to test the visibility of the display from several different angles.
Remove the display unit from the bracket by pressing on the large
button in the center of the bracket. See Fig. 2-10.
Mount the base of the bracket using the supplied screws.
Slide the display unit back into the bracket.
Adjust the display unit for the best viewing angle. You can turn the
display from side to side, and tilt it up or down.
Dismounting the Display Unit
See Fig. 2-10. To release the display from the bracket, press and hold
down the left and right sides. You will hear an audible “click,” and the
bracket will slide out.
16
Installation
Hole 3/16" (5 mm)
2-25/32"
(70 mm)
2-21/32"
(67 mm)
2-27/32"
(72 mm)
1-3/4"
(45 mm)
6-5/8" (169 mm)
1-15/32"
(37 mm)
8-1/4"
(210 mm)
5-13/16"
(147 mm)
1-3/4"
(44 mm)
4-9/32"
(109 mm)
3-29/32"(99 mm)
4-7/32"(107 mm)
Fig. 2-11
Dimensions
Installation
17
Mounting the Display Unit – Flush Mount
In order to do this installation, you will need the optional flush mounting kit
(part no. M99-138). See Fig. 2-12.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Select a mounting location on the dashboard or control panel.
Choose a clear, flat area at least 7" x 7" (180 mm x 180 mm). Be
sure you will also have at least 6" (152 mm) of clearance behind the
area where the display unit will be mounted. It is a good idea to drill
a small pilot hole in the center of the mounting area. Be sure there
are no hidden electrical wires or other items behind the point where
you plan to mount the display unit.
A mounting template is supplied with the flush mounting kit. Tape this
over the selected location on the panel and trace around the edges.
Make the cutout for the display. Drill a series of 1/2" (13 mm) holes at
the points shown around the edges of the cutout area.
Drill the two small holes for the threaded studs as shown on the
mounting template. Use a 7/32" (5.5 mm) drill bit.
Remove the template and draw straight lines between the 1/2" holes.
Cut along each of the lines with a small saw.
Fig. 2-12
Flush-mount
Installation
18
Installation
6.
Separate the display unit from the mounting bracket. (See Fig. 2-13.)
Press the large button in the center of the bracket to separate the
bracket arms. The display unit is attached to the arms by two screws.
Each screw is covered by a cap. Locate the small slot beside each
cap and pry upward using a small screwdriver. Remove the caps,
then the two screws and the two wave washers. Save these parts in
case you ever want to use the mounting bracket.
Raymarine
PWR
SETUP
CLEAR
ZOOM
BOT
LOCK
A-SCP
FISHFIND
ER
L470
To pry up the cap,
insert a small screwdriver here.
Fig. 2-13
Disassembling
from Bracket
7.
8.
9.
Screw the threaded studs into the holes on the rear of the display unit.
Set the display unit into place to be sure that it will fit correctly.
Thread the wing-nuts onto the threaded studs to hold the display
unit in place temporarily.
Once the DC wiring is complete, finish the installation. Hold the
gasket in place around the opening. Fit the display into the cutout
again. From the rear, screw the thumbscrews securely onto the
threaded studs to hold the unit in place.
Installing the Transducer Cable
A 20 foot length of cable, with the connector attached, is supplied with the
Downlooker transducer.
Installation
19
Cable feed-thru
cap
Cable clamp
1" (25 mm)
Hull projections
Fiberglass: 1/4" (6mm)
Aluminum: 1/2" (13 mm)
1.
2.
3.
4.
20
Fig. 2-14
Installing Cable
on Transom
Route the cable up and over the top edge of the transom. See Fig. 2-14.
Secure the cable using cable clamps. (These clamps are available
from your local marine equipment supplier.)
If you do not want to expose the cable on the deck, you may drill a
new hole (3/4" or 19 mm) through the transom for the cable. (Remember–this hole must be large enough to accept the cable with the
connector attached. Do not cut the cable!) To seal the opening, use
a feed-thru cap where the cable passes through the transom.
Run the cable through the interior of the boat. If the transducer cable
runs near another electrical wire, it may pick up electrical interference
or “noise.” To reduce this, try to keep the transducer cable separated
as far as possible from all other wires. This is especially important
with wiring for the boat’s ignition, alternator, or tachometer. Also try to
keep the transducer cable away from the antenna and power cables
for VHF or FM radios. It is also helpful to keep the transducer cable
away from the FishFinder power cable. If it is necessary to run the
transducer cable across any wires, make the crossing at a right
angle.
Be careful not to tear the cable jacket when passing it through bulkheads and other parts of your boat. Secure the cables in place using
tywraps or lacing twine. Coil the extra cable and tie it out of the way.
If the 20 foot transducer cable is not long enough, a 15 foot extension
cable (5M) is available from your Raymarine dealer (part no. M99-140).
Installation
5.
When you attach the extension cable, be sure that the connections
are tight and watertight. Use Dow Corning DC-4 or an equivalent
sealing compound to protect the connector assemblies.
At the rear of the display unit, plug in the transducer cable using the
keyed connector.
Installing the Transducer Cable – Sidelooker Option
1.
2.
If the installation includes the optional Sidelooker transducer, there
will be two transducer cables. See Fig. 2-15. The cable from the
Sidelooker includes a “Y” connector, and is 12’ long (3.6 m).
Plug the cable from the depth transducer into the open end of the “Y”
connector.
Sidelooker
transducer
Depth
transducer
Fig. 2-15
Cable for
Sidelooker
Transducer
Installing the Transducer Cable –
Installation with Separate Speed and Temperature Sensors
1.
Optional depth-only and speed- and temperature-only transducers are
available for the FishFinder L470. In this optional configuration the
separate transducers are connected via a “Y” type receptacle cable
located on the optional speed- and temperature-only transducer cable.
Installation
21
2.
Plug the cable from the depth-only transducer into the receptacle
connector on the optional speed- and temperature-only transducer.
The speed- and temperature-only transducer then connects at the
transducer receptacle of the FishFinder L470. This is shown below in
Fig. 2-16.
Sensor for
speed and
temperature
Sensor for
depth only
Fig. 2-16
Cable for Speed
and Temperature
Sensor
Making the DC Power Connections
1.
2.
3.
22
The display unit is designed for use on boats with 12V DC power
systems. (The unit can operate as long as the DC voltage is between
10.8 and 16V DC.) The display unit can be wired to a negativeground system, or both the negative and positive supply lines may be
“floating” above ground. This unit is not intended for use on boats
with positive ground.
The 6-foot power cable supplied with the display unit should reach
the source of DC power. On a small boat, connect the power leads
directly to the main battery isolation switch or breaker. On a larger
boat, route the power leads to the DC power distribution panel.
It is very important that you connect the power leads correctly. See
Fig. 2-17. At the power source, connect the red wire to the positive
Installation
DC 12V
connector
to battery
T/D
connector
to transducer
RED
BLACK
DC
Fig. 2-17
12V
RF ground
4.
5.
6.
7.
DC Power
Connections
terminal (+), and the black wire to the negative terminal (-). The
negative terminal may also be called “ground” or “earth.” (The display
unit is internally protected if you accidentally reverse the polarity of
the power wires.)
Attach the red or positive wire to a 5 amp circuit breaker. If the unit is
connected directly to the boat’s battery, include a 2 amp in-line fuse.
(In-line fuses are available at most marine supply stores.)
The power cable includes a smaller “shield” wire. Connect this to a
good ground.
If you need to extend the power wiring by more than 10 feet, use a
larger wire size. This will allow the wires to deliver the correct voltage
in spite of the longer wire distance. For runs of 20 to 35 feet, use #14
AWG.
If you extend the power wiring, be sure all electrical connections are
solid and durable. Soldering is the best way to make these connections. Insulate all connections using heat-shrink tubing or electrical
tape. You may also use crimp connectors or a terminal strip, but be
sure to use good-quality marine-grade parts.
At the rear of the display unit, plug in the power cable using the keyed
connector.
Installation
23
Note –
Press firmly when inserting the power cable and transducer cable to
ensure a tight seal.
8.
When you press the PWR button, the display unit should turn on. If
the unit will not turn on and you suspect that you may have reversed the
power connections, check the DC power lines all the way back to the
battery. If the polarity is not correct, reconnect the leads properly and
try again.
Calibrating the Sensors
The transducer most often used with this unit includes sensors for boat
speed and water temperature. These sensors are normally very accurate,
but you may want to calibrate them. The procedure appears on page 64.
See the section on “System Setup Menu.”
The speed indication on your FishFinder is usually very accurate. However, there are some special cases where the speed reading may be high
or low. This means that the speed of the water past the transducer may
not be the same speed that your boat moves through the water. The hull of
the boat may have a shape which channels water past the transducer at a
speed which is faster or slower than normal.
1.
2.
3.
24
To calibrate the speed sensor, set up a course between two known
points. As markers you can use buoys, range markers, or landmarks.
Measure the length of time the boat takes to cover a known distance.
You may also use locations indicated by a G.P.S. or Loran unit. (If you
choose this method, remember that these devices measure “speed
over ground” or “speed over the bottom.” Tides, currents, or winds
can create a difference between the FishFinder’s “speed through
water” measurement and the boat’s “speed over ground.” Before
calibrating using a G.P.S. or Loran unit, wait for still water or slack tide
conditions.
If the display unit is reading high or low, you can correct for this using
the entry for “Speed Cal.” (To reach Speed Cal, go to the System
Setup Menu. This is described in Section 4.) The entry for Speed Cal
is a percentage. An entry of “100” equals 100%, meaning that there
is no correction. If the display unit is producing a low reading, use a
Installation
4.
higher value for Speed Cal. If the display unit is reading high, use a
smaller number for Speed Cal. You may enter any value between 75
and 125.
The temperature sensor is usually very accurate, but you can adjust
the calibration using the entry for “Temp Cal.”
Final note: After you finish the installation, please remember to fill out the
Warranty Card included with this manual.
Installation
25
3 – Operating Instructions
In this section of the manual, we will explain how to operate the unit.
(Setup instructions are included in the next section.) Below is a drawing
of the display unit.
Display
area
Raymarine
Power button
PWR
Page control
pad
Setup button
SETUP
CLEAR
ZOOM
Clear button
Zoom button
A-SCP
BOT
LOCK
FISHFINDER
L470
A-Scope button
Bottom Lock
button
Fig. 3-1
Display
Panel
Controls on Display Panel
The FishFinder is designed to be easy to use while the boat is moving.
You can steady your hand by gripping the right side of the display with the
fingers of your right hand. This will allow you to use your right thumb to
press the buttons on the display.
Notice that some of the buttons can be used in two ways. They do one job
during a normal display, and a different job when you are setting up the
unit. In this section, we will use symbols like this – PWR and SETUP – to
indicate the buttons on the front of the unit.
PWR
26
This button turns the power on and off.
To turn on the power – Press once to turn the power on.
To enter the Lamp/Contrast Menu – To bring up the
Lamp/Contrast Menu in any operating mode, press the PWR
key for a moment, then release it.
To turn off the power – If you press and hold the button,
the display will say “Powering Off.” If you hold the button
for more than 3 seconds, the display unit will switch off.
Operating Instructions
<
Page Control
Pad
Up and down arrows – ( and V)
During setup – Use these controls to call up a choice or
move to the next line on a menu.
If the Zoom display is turned on – If the manual zoom
feature is turned on, these will move the zoom display up
or down.
Left and right arrows – (< and >)
During normal display – Use these buttons to go to the next
display.
During setup – Use these arrows to make a choice within a
line on the menu.
SETUP
To enter the Setup Menu – Press SETUP at any time.
To go to the System Setup Menu – Press this button
twice in all normal displays. If the sidelooker split screen
(Window Page options F, G, or H) is enabled, this button
must be pressed three times.
During setup – Once you make a change, press SETUP to
save the change and go back to the normal display.
CLEAR
During normal display – When an alarm is triggered, use
CLEAR to turn off the buzzer. (The alarm will continue to be
indicated on the display.)
During setup – Once you make a change, press CLEAR to
save the change and go back to the normal display.
When the unit is first turned on, it will present the normal FishFinder Page.
You can reach the Zoom, A-Scope and Bottom Lock Modes by pressing
buttons on the control panel. See Fig. 3-12.
ZOOM
The “Zoom” Mode shows a magnified view of a section of
the display area.
A-SCP
The “A-Scope” Mode shows a “real time” view of the area
directly under the transducer.
Operating Instructions
27
BOT
LOCK
The “Bottom Lock” Mode shows a “bottom-up” view. The
bottom is used as a reference, and all depths are measured from the bottom up.
For more information, see the section on “Performance Modes” on page 50.
Turning the Power On and Off
Press the PWR button once to turn on the power. For a few seconds, the
Lamp/Contrast Menu will appear and the panel light will flash on and off.
The light will allow you to see in order to set up the display in the dark.
After the screen flashes three times, the unit will go to the display page
which was used last (unless this is the first time the unit is powered up).
The first time power is supplied to the unit, you will be asked to select the
language used by the displays. English is the default language. You may
also select any of six other languages. (You can change this setting at any
time using the System Setup Menu.)
To turn the power off, press and hold the
seconds.
PWR
button for more than 3
Setup Memory
When you first turn on the power, the unit will be prepared to operate
using a number of preset values. These “default” values are stored in the
unit at the factory. (The default values are listed in Section 4.)
This unit has a memory for some of the settings—range, sensitivity, zoom,
and frequency. (We will explain these in a moment.) When you turn off
the power, any changes you make to these settings will be saved. You can
return all of the settings to the factory default values, and reset the trip log
to zero. To reset the unit, confirm that the unit is off. Press and hold the
CLEAR
button, then press the PWR button for a moment. After the unit
powers up, release the CLEAR button.
28
Operating Instructions
Adjust lamp
brightness
Adjust
contrast
Fig. 3-2
Lamp/Contrast
Menu
Lamp/Contrast Menu
Press
PWR
The Lamp/Contrast Menu appears when you first press
the PWR button and turn on the power. (You will be able to
see part of the main FishFinder Page behind the Lamp/
Contrast menu.)
You can press the PWR button a second time to exit from
the Lamp/Contrast Menu and go directly to the FishFinder
Page. (If you do not make any changes to the settings
within 7 seconds, the unit automatically exits from the
Lamp/Contrast Menu anyway.)
You can also enter the Lamp/Contrast Menu from any of
the other displays by pressing the PWR button for a
moment.
Adjust lamp
brightness
The L470 FishFinder has a backlit display and keypad.
This feature allows you to use the unit at night. The
backlight for the display is adjustable to five levels of
brightness. To turn the lamp on or adjust the brightness,
use the < or > controls on the Page Control Pad.
Adjust contrast You can also adjust the “contrast” of the display. This is a
measure of how light or dark the display appears. Use
the V control to move from the line for “Lamp” to the line
for “Contrast.” Use the < or > controls to adjust the
contrast. (The FishFinder unit has a feature which adjusts
the contrast automatically to compensate for changes in
air temperature.)
Operating Instructions
29
Save settings
When the settings on this display are correct, press the
CLEAR
button to save the settings and go to the FishFinder
Page.
Operating Pages
The L470 FishFinder has four “pages,” or normal displays. These can be
used to show different kinds of information. Here is a list of the pages:
Mode
FishFinder Page
Function
Standard operating mode
See page
page 32
Window Page
Right half of the display operates the
same as the FishFinder Page. Left
half of the display is a user-selectable
window showing digital information
or sidelooker information (when the
optional Sidelooker transducer is used). page 41
Sidelooker Page
(using optional
Sidelooker transducer)
Digital Page
View of either side of centerline
of boat (used only with Sidelooker
transducer).
Numerical display of depth, speed,
distance traveled, battery voltage,
elapsed time, and water temperature
graph.
You can step from one of these pages to another using the < and
of the Page Control Pad.
30
page 43
page 47
> arrows
Operating Instructions
FishFinder Page
Lamp/Contrast Menu
CLEAR
Sidelooker Page
Window Page
(Only if Sidelooker feature
is turned on)
Digital Page
Return to
FishFinder
Page
Operating Instructions
Fig. 3-3
Operating
Pages
31
FishFinder Page
Fish alarm set
Shallow alarm set
Deep alarm set
Buzzer symbol
Auto
features on
Speed
Log/distance
Water
temperature
Bottom
indication
Bottom depth
Auto range on
Auto sensitivity on
Auto zoom on
Fish symbol on
Auto frequency on
Transducer frequency
Boat symbol
Water surface
Depth markers
Fish depth
Fish symbol
Range
Fig. 3-4
FishFinder
Page
Figure 3-4 shows a typical FishFinder display. (The FishFinder Page is
also called the “chart” or “bottom graph” display.) As time passes, this
display scrolls from right to left. The scrolling image becomes a record of
the echoes and the bottom seen by the FishFinder as your boat moves.
The images at the right side of the display show the most recent echoes.
Some of these echoes indicate fish, and others show the bottom. As new
echoes are received, the FishFinder “draws” a graph of the bottom. The
bottom graph helps you to tell whether the bottom is rising or falling. It
also allows you to identify the shape or “structure” of the bottom. This can
indicate a reef or shipwreck.
Notice that the scrolling speed of the display does not necessarily match
the speed of the boat. The scrolling speed of the display is called the
32
Operating Instructions
“chart speed.” You can adjust this using the “Setup Menu.” (See Section 4.)
Many of the items on this display appear in the other display pages. Since
you are likely to use the FishFinder Page most often, we will explain all of
these items here.
Top of display
Buzzer symbol
This symbol shows whether any of the alarms will use the
buzzer. There are three kinds of alarms: shallow, deep, and
fish. If one of these alarms is triggered, the unit will present
a flashing symbol on the display. The Buzzer symbol
shows whether, in addition to the flashing symbol, the
alarms will also use the buzzer.
If the Buzzer setting in the System Setup Menu is on
(indicating that the buzzer is enabled for all of the alarms),
this symbol will appear filled.
If the Buzzer setting is off (indicating that the buzzer is
disabled for all of the alarms), this symbol will be empty.
Shallow alarm set
You can set an alarm to go off if the boat moves into water
which is shallower than a certain depth. If you set this type
of alarm, the “S” indicator will appear on the display. If the
alarm is triggered, the “S” symbol will flash. If the buzzer
has been turned on (in the System Setup Menu), the
buzzer will also sound. To stop the buzzer, press the CLEAR
button. The “S” symbol will continue to flash until you move
into deeper water.
Deep alarm set
You can set a different alarm to go off if the boat moves into
water which is deeper than a certain depth. When this
alarm is set, the “D” symbol will appear. If the alarm is
triggered, the “D” symbol will flash. If the buzzer has been
turned on (in the System Setup Menu), the buzzer will also
sound. To stop the buzzer, press the CLEAR button. The
“D” symbol will continue to flash until you move into
shallower water.
Operating Instructions
33
Fish alarm set
The FishFinder also has an alarm which will sound whenever it detects a fish. When this alarm is set, the fish
symbol appears at the top of the display. If the alarm is
triggered and the buzzer has been turned on (in the
System Setup Menu), the buzzer will sound for a moment.
Auto features on (AUTO)
If any of the automatic features are turned on, the “Auto”
indication will appear here. (These include the automatic
range, auto sensitivity, and auto zoom features.)
Auto range on (R)
The “range” is the maximum depth the unit is set to
measure. When the auto range feature is on, the
FishFinder chooses the correct range setting automatically.
Auto sensitivity on (S)
The “sensitivity” controls the ability of the unit to tell the
difference between echoes of different strengths. A higher
sensitivity setting makes it easier to see smaller fish, but
also may pick up background noise. When auto sensitivity
is on, the FishFinder chooses the correct sensitivity setting
automatically.
Auto zoom on (Z)
The “zoom” can be used to magnify the image from a small
section of the water below the boat. (This is used with the
Zoom Mode, which we will describe in a moment.) When
the auto zoom feature is on, the FishFinder automatically
moves the zoom window up or down to track the bottom.
Fish symbol on
When the FishFinder sees a fish, it can show this by
displaying a fish symbol. When the fish symbol feature is
turned off, the FishFinder indicates a fish as an archshaped line on the display. For more information, see the
section on “Fish Indications.”
Transducer frequency
The transducer can use two frequencies - 50 kHz for wide
coverage, or 200 kHz for a detailed view. You can also set
34
Operating Instructions
the unit to use both frequencies at the same time (“dual
frequency”), or even display both frequencies at once (“split
screen”).
Auto frequency on (A)
An “A” indication here shows that the unit is choosing the
frequency automatically. (For more on this, see “Choosing
the Frequency.”)
Boat symbol This symbol is always turned on. It indicates that the new
information appears at the right edge of the display, and the
older information moves toward the left.
Center of display
Water surface This symbol (“0”) shows the depth indicated by the top of
the display. Usually, this is the level of the surface of the
water. (If the Zoom Mode is turned on, this will show the
depth of the top of the zoom area.) The depth is shown
using the same units as the rest of the display. This
could be feet (FT), fathoms (FA), or meters (M), depending on the setting you make in the System Setup Menu.
Depth markers
These markers show depths between the surface and the
full depth range. In this example, the unit is set for a depth
range of 100 feet. This means that each of the depth
markers shows an interval of 20 feet.
Speed
This entry shows the speed of the boat through the water.
From the System Setup Menu, you can turn this item off or
change the units used for this display.
Log/distance This shows how far the boat has traveled since the log was
last reset. From the System Setup Menu, you can turn this
item off or change the units used for this display.
Water temperature
This entry shows the current water temperature at the
surface of the water. (The reading for water temperature
can be helpful for finding fish. A particular type of fish
will often prefer water in a narrow temperature range.)
Operating Instructions
35
From the System Setup Menu, you can turn this item off
or change the units used for this display.
Fish symbol
This indicates that the FishFinder sees a fish. Generally,
the larger the fish symbol appears, the larger the fish. (The
size of the fish symbol actually depends on a number of
factors. See the section on “Fish Indications.”)
If the fish is detected using the narrow 200 kHz beam, the
display will show a filled-in symbol. If the fish is detected by
the wide 50 kHz beam, the display will use a hollow symbol.
(For more on this, see “Choosing the Frequency.”)
Fish depth
This indicates the depth of the fish shown by the fish
symbol. This number will be shown using the same depth
units (feet, fathoms, or meters) you have selected on the
System Setup Menu. The fish depth indicator is turned off
when the fish symbol function is off.
Bottom of display
Bottom indication
This shows the bottom of the lake or sea. You can compare
this to the range depth shown in the lower right-hand
corner. (In this example, the checkered pattern shows the
unit is getting a strong echo return from the bottom. See
the information on the White Line feature in the Setup
Instructions.)
Range
The “range” is the maximum depth the unit is set to
measure. In this example, this is 100 feet. You can set the
range manually, or the FishFinder can do it automatically.
Bottom depth This is the depth of the bottom shown on the display. You
can select FT (feet), FA (fathoms), or M (meters) using the
System Setup Menu. If the FishFinder can’t tell how deep
the water is, the last known depth flashes on the display.
This will continue until the unit can see the bottom again.
Before we explain the other pages, there are some general things you
should know about the operation of the FishFinder.
36
Operating Instructions
Choosing a Frequency
We said that the FishFinder uses sound waves to “see” through the water
under the boat. The “frequency” is a measure of how fast the sound
waves change or “vibrate.” The FishFinder uses sound waves with two
different frequencies – 50 kHz and 200 kHz. Raymarine uses these two
frequencies because each is better for a particular purpose:
50 kHz frequency
•
Scans a wide area
•
Penetrates water well, good for deep water
200
•
•
•
kHz frequency
Scans a narrower area, but produces a more detailed view
Good for seeing fish near the bottom or fish close together
Better for use in very shallow water
“Dual” frequency (both 50 kHz and 200 kHz at once)
•
Has the advantages of both frequencies
•
Good depth penetration
•
Good detail in display
•
Using the “Dual 50 kHz” setting, the display is produced using the
signal from the 50 kHz beam, with additional information from the 200
kHz beam.
•
Using the “Dual 200 kHz” setting, the display is produced using the
signal from the 200 kHz beam, with additional information from the 50
kHz beam.
If you are using one of the dual frequency settings, you can get some
useful information from the fish symbols. If the fish is spotted by the
narrow 200 kHz beam, the fish symbol will be black or filled-in. If a fish is
detected by the wide 50 kHz beam, the symbol will be hollow.
When the unit is first turned on, it is set to use the Auto frequency feature.
When set this way, the unit begins by using the 200 kHz frequency. If the
bottom depth increases to more than 250 feet (or 50 fathoms or 80 meters),
the unit will automatically switch to the 50 kHz frequency. If the unit cannot
find the bottom, it will try both the 200 kHz and the 50 kHz frequencies.
The unit will then use the frequency which finds the bottom first.
Operating Instructions
37
Fish Indications
Even using advanced sonar technology, it is sometimes hard to detect a
fish in the water. The body of a fish is just a little more dense than the
surrounding water. There is really nothing very solid for the sound waves
to bounce off of. The FishFinder L470 is very good at telling the difference
between a fish and the surrounding water. In fact, Raymarine is the leader
in this technology.
When the FishFinder detects a fish, it can be indicated by a fish symbol on
the display. In general, a larger symbol means a larger fish. This rule is
not always true, though. Let’s say that there are two fish of the same size:
one is close to the surface, and the other is near the bottom. The fish
which is close to the surface will have a larger symbol. This is because
the fish which is closer returns more of the sound waves back to the
FishFinder.
Actually, the sound waves are usually reflected by the air sac near the
center of the fish, and not by the body of the fish. The size of this air sac
is different for different kinds of fish. This can also affect the size of the
An arch-shaped image indicates a fish.
The same fish appears differently
when shown by the 50 kHz or 200 kHz
transducer beams.
50 kHz
200 kHz
This indicates a group of small fish.
This shows a fish detected in
sidelooker mode.
A shallow arch or horizontal line is
generated when the boat is moving
slowly or stopped.
When the boat is moving very fast,
a fish appears as a single vertical line.
Fig. 3-5
Fish
Indications
38
Operating Instructions
fish symbols on the display. A fish with a large air sac will produce a large
fish symbol, while a fish with a small sac will produce a small symbol.
The symbol also indicates which of the two frequencies was used to locate
the fish. If the fish was spotted by the wide 50 kHz beam, the symbol will
appear to be hollow. If the fish was detected by the narrow 200 kHz
beam, the symbol will be solid.
If the fish symbol feature is turned off, the FishFinder indicates fish in a
different way. See Fig. 3-5. An arch-shaped mark on the display usually
indicates a fish. Again, a larger arch usually indicates a larger fish.
Several arches together show a school of fish.
The return from a fish will have a different appearance, depending on the
frequency used. If a fish is spotted by the wide 50 kHZ beam, the arch will
be broad. When using the narrower 200 kHz beam, the same fish will
produce a narrower arch.
The shape of the arch is also affected by the speed of the boat. If you are
moving slowly, the arches tend to be longer. If the boat is moving more
quickly, the arches are short and peaked. If the boat is moving very fast, a
fish may be indicated by a single vertical line.
You can select the frequency from the Setup Menu.
Bottom Indications
The bottom usually produces a strong echo, so it is easy for the FishFinder
to see a lot of detail. The FishFinder can indicate many different kinds of
bottom conditions. See Fig. 3-6. A hard bottom appears as a thin line. A
softer bottom or a bottom covered with seaweed will produce a wide line,
as the sound waves reflect from different layers of the bottom. An uneven
bottom which is covered with rocks or coral produces a complex display
like that shown in the last part of Fig. 3-6. The bottom image is irregular,
with long “tails” pointing upward. A wreck produces a similar image.
When the White Line feature is turned on, the unit can display even more
information about the bottom. In Fig. 3-4, the FishFinder is getting a good
echo from the bottom, so the upper layer of the bottom is shown in a
checkerboard pattern. Notice that the lower layer of the bottom is shown
as a solid display. This indicates a weaker echo. Sometimes this means
that the upper layer of the bottom is soft. Some of the sound waves may
Operating Instructions
39
Hard
(Sand)
Soft
(Mud)
Rocks
Fig. 3-6
Bottom
Conditions
reach through this layer, and may be reflected by a more solid layer below.
It is also possible that the sound waves are making two complete trips –
hitting the seabed, bouncing off of the bottom of the boat, then reflecting
off the seabed again. This can happen if the water is shallow, the seabed
is hard, or the sensitivity is set to a high value.
40
Operating Instructions
Window Page
Fig. 3-7
Window Page
The Window Page is a flexible feature which allows you to combine
several different kinds of information on the display of the unit. See
Fig. 3-7.
The right side of the Window Page is a half-screen version of the FishFinder Page. All of the features of the full-screen FishFinder Page are available, including Zoom, A-Scope, and Bottom Lock. The fishfinder features of
the Window page operate identically to those in the FishFinder Page.
On the left side of the Window Page is one of eight selectable windows,
each of which shows a portion of the Digital Page or the Sidelooker Page.
You select which window to display using the Window option in the Setup
menu. The eight Window selections are designated A through H, and are
illustrated in Fig. 3-8.
Window
Contents
A
B
Large Depth, small Speed, Log, Temperature
Large Speed, small Log, Temperature, Depth
C
Large Depth, large Speed, 30-minute temperature graph
D
E
Small Depth, Speed, Log, and 30-minute Temperature graph
Small Depth, Speed, Log, Temperature, and Battery voltage
F
G
Left Sidelooker
Both left and right Sidelooker
H
Right Sidelooker
Operating Instructions
41
Option A
Option B
Option C
Option D
Option E
Option F
Option G
Option H
Fig. 3-8
Options
for Window
Page
42
Operating Instructions
The digital displays in Window options A, B, C, D, and E all behave
identically to the corresponding ones in the full-screen Digital Page (see
page 47).
The sidelooker displays in Window options F, G, and H all behave
identically to those in the full-screen Sidelooker Page (see page 44).
These options will only be displayed if the Sidelooker feature is enabled.
Sidelooker Page
Transducer mounted
on trolling motor
Rock
31° beam
Fish
Boat
Rock
Fish
Sidelooker
transducer
Fig. 3-9
11° beam aimed
down at 4° angle
Sidelooker
Feature
This feature will only work if an optional Sidelooker transducer has
been installed, and if the Sidelooker feature has been turned on in the
System Setup Menu. The Sidelooker feature is very helpful for certain
kinds of fishing. It allows you to check for underwater structure along
the sides of a stream or river, under the edge of a bank or pier, or into
stumps or weed beds.
Operating Instructions
43
The optional Sidelooker transducer transmits two acoustic beams—one to
the port side of the boat, and one to the starboard. These are displayed
on the left and right halves of the Sidelooker Page. See Fig. 3-9.
Once the Sidelooker feature has been turned on, you can reach the
Sidelooker page easily. Press the < or > buttons on the Page Control Pad
until the Sidelooker Page appears. The unit will present a display similar to
Fig. 3-10.
Boat
symbol
Side
range
Bottom/
shore
indication
Dashed
vertical
line
Fish
indication
Fig. 3-10
Depth
Sidelooker
Page
The Sidelooker Page, like the FishFinder Page, displays a graph or chart.
The scrolling vertical dashed line represents the centerline of the boat. As
new Sidelooker echoes are received, the new information appears at the
top of the display, and older information moves towards the bottom. There
is no relationship between the chart speed of the FishFinder and the
speed of the boat. (The speed at which the display moves is set by the
entry for “chart speed” in the Setup Menu.)
When the Fish Symbol feature is turned off, any fish detected will appear
as long, vertical lines. These will be slightly arched towards the center of
the display. The unit can also be set to display fish symbols, but the fish
arches are usually more helpful. The Sidelooker transducer transmits at
the 200 kHz frequency. If the unit spots any fish while the Fish Symbol
feature is on, they will be indicated by solid fish symbols. (You can turn the
Fish Symbol feature on or off from the System Setup Menu. See Section 4.)
44
Operating Instructions
Underwater objects such as submerged tree stumps or rocks can also be
detected by the Sidelooker transducer. These objects usually appear as
thicker vertical targets. The Sidelooker sounding beam is transmitted very
close to the surface of the water. In rough or choppy water this turbulence
may appear on the Sidelooker display as “noise” or “clutter.” The Sidelooker will also display noise or clutter when your boat travels at high
speeds or in very shallow water. For best results, use the Sidelooker at
idle or slow trolling speeds.
On the Sidelooker Page, you may select one of three views using the
Sidelooker View option in the Setup menu. These are labeled F, G, and H
to match the three Window options which include Sidelooker views.
View F looks only to the port (left) side of your boat. The boat symbol
appears at the top of the display and the dashed vertical line appear
on the right side of the screen.
View G looks to both sides of your boat. The boat symbol appears at
the top of the display and the dashed vertical line appears in the
center of the screen.
View H looks only to the starboard (right) side of your boat. The boat
symbol appears at the top of the display and the dashed vertical line
appears on the left side of the screen.
Here are the special items on this display:
Boat symbol This is pointing forward on the screen to indicate that, on
the Sidelooker Page, the view is from above, as seen from
a bird’s-eye. The boat symbol will appear on the top left,
center, or right, depending on the view selected (F, G, or H)
in the Sidelooker View option in the Setup Menu.
Dashed
vertical line
Side range
The scrolling vertical line is drawn under, or behind, the
boat symbol to indicate the division between the information
produced by the left and the right sidelooker transducer
elements.
This is the maximum distance the unit will be able to see
using the current range setting. Remember that the sound
waves move out at a shallow angle, so this distance is
Operating Instructions
45
measured sideways. See Fig. 3-9. The units used here
are chosen using the entry for Depth Units in the System
Setup Menu. If you have selected feet (FT) or fathoms
(FA), the distance shown here will be measured in feet. If
you have selected meters (M), the distance shown here will
be in meters.
Fish indication An arch-shaped mark shows that the unit has detected a
fish. In general, a larger arch indicates a larger fish. If the
fish symbols are turned on, the unit will indicate fish using
these instead. A number beside each symbol shows the
distance from the boat to the fish. Remember that this
distance is measured sideways. See Fig. 3-9. The units
used here are chosen using the entry for Depth Units in the
System Setup Menu. If you have selected feet (FT) or
fathoms (FA), the distance shown here will be measured in
feet. If you have selected meters (M), the distance shown
here will be in meters.
Bottom/Shore
Indication
This indicates the area where the transducer beam is starting to see the bottom, shore, or some other object. Again,
remember that the beam is looking sideways, so this could
really represent the bank of a stream or the space under a
dock or pier.
Depth
This is the depth directly below the boat. Even when the
Sidelooker feature is turned on, the downward-looking
transducer is still used to measure the depth.
The Sidelooker feature has settings for Range and Sensitivity which are
separate from the Range and Sensitivity settings used for the standard
FishFinder Page. See Section 4 for details.
46
Operating Instructions
Digital Page
Fig. 3-11
Digital Page
The Digital Page presents several measurements at the same time using
large, easy-to-read digital numbers. To select the Digital Page, press
either the < or > button on the Page Control Pad until the Digital Page
appears. The Digital image is useful when you are traveling, but not
looking for fish or checking the appearance of the bottom. See Fig. 3-11.
The displayed regions on the screen are:
Depth
The depth of the bottom in feet, fathoms, or meters,
depending on your selection in the System Setup Menu. If
the unit loses its “lock” on the bottom, the last known depth
will flash on and off.
Speed
The speed of your boat through the water derived from the
impeller. This is measured in MPH (statute miles per hour),
KTS (knots, or nautical miles per hour), or KPH (kilometers
per hour), depending on your selection in the System Setup
display. The speed value may also be calibrated within the
System Setup Menu. (See page 64 for details.)
Log
The distance traveled, calculated using the signal from the
paddlewheel or impeller. The L470 remembers this value
after the unit is turned off, provided the unit is shut off using
Operating Instructions
47
the PWR button. The Log may be reset to zero from the
Setup Menu. (See page 63 for details.)
Battery
The measured DC voltage of your boat’s battery.
Elapsed Time The amount of time which has passed since turning the unit
on, in Hours : Minutes : Seconds. The Elapsed Time may
be reset to 00:00:00 from the Setup menu when the Digital
Page is visible. (See page 76 for details.)
Temperature
48
The measured temperature of the water at the transducer,
in degrees Fahrenheit or degrees Celsius, depending on
your selection in the System Setup Menu. The temperature
value may be calibrated from the System Setup Menu. (See
page 64 for details.) The temperature variation over time is
displayed in a scrolling graph. The graph is updated once
every 30 seconds, so a one-hour history can be displayed
by the unit.
Operating Instructions
FishFinder Page
Zoom Mode
ZOOM
A-Scope Mode
A-SCP
Bottom Lock Mode
BOT
LOCK
Fig. 3-12
Performance
Modes
Operating Instructions
49
Performance Modes
This unit has three “performance” modes which can be used to add to the
standard FishFinder Page. These are the Zoom, A-Scope and Bottom
Lock Modes. Each mode presents the raw information from the transducers in a special way. To reach one of these modes, press the corresponding button on the unit. See Fig. 3-12.
Zoom Mode
Zoom display
(magnified)
Normal
display
Top of zoom
area
Bottom of
zoom area
Zoom
magnification
Line indicates
zoom area
Fig. 3-13
Zoom Mode
The Zoom Mode gives you a way of enlarging or magnifying all or part of
the display area. (The “zoomed” display is actually larger only in the
vertical direction.) You can reach Zoom at any time by pressing the ZOOM
button. For a moment, the display will say, “ENTERING ZOOM MODE,”
then the zoomed image will appear.
In Figure 3-13, only part of the display is zoomed. In this “split” display,
the right side shows the same information as the FishFinder Page. The
left side shows the magnified view. In each case, the new information
appears at the right edge of the display, and moves to the left.
50
Operating Instructions
Many of the items presented by the Zoom Mode are the same as those on
the FishFinder Page. There are a few additional items:
Zoom magnification
This indicates the amount of “zoom” or magnification. You
always set the amount of zoom manually. While the Zoom
screen is visible, press SETUP . This will bring you to the
Zoom Menu, shown in Fig. 4-10. You can choose an x2
view (double the normal display size), x4, x6 or x8. See
Section 4 for details. You must also select the area or
“window” of the water you want to zoom. See the next
item.
Zoom area
When you turn on the zoom feature, it can only enlarge a
part of the FishFinder Page. You must decide which part
you want to enlarge. As we said, the right side of the “split”
display shows the normal FishFinder Page. The vertical
line at the right edge of this display shows the area or
“window” of the water being enlarged.
When the FishFinder is set for Auto Zoom, it will choose the
zoom area automatically. The unit always chooses an area
of the water which includes the bottom. The unit then
moves this area up or down to keep the bottom in the
picture. The Auto Zoom feature is great for bottom fishing.
<
You may also set the zoom area manually. While the Zoom
screen is visible, press SETUP . This will bring you to the
Zoom Menu, shown in Fig. 4-10. You can then select
Manual Zoom. See Section 4 for details. Once you are
back to the zoom display, you can move the zoom area up
or down (using the
and V arrows of the Page Control
Pad) to select the area you want to be enlarged.
The Zoom image can also be presented using the whole display. See
Section 4 for details.
If you want to exit from the Zoom Mode, press the Zoom button again
while the Zoom image is visible. For a moment the display will say,
“Exiting Zoom Mode,” then the unit will return to the FishFinder Page.
Operating Instructions
51
A-Scope (Bottom Coverage) Mode
Normal
display
A-Scope
display
A-Scope image
(real time image)
Fig. 3-14
Fish
indication
A-Scope
Mode
(half screen)
Bottom
coverage
On the FishFinder Page the bottom graph is “drawn” after the FishFinder
receives several echoes. This has the effect of showing a record of the
bottom contour. The A-scope Mode shows raw sonar data directly from the
transducer beam. This gives you a “real time” image of fish and bottom
structure directly below the transducer. (The A-Scope Mode is sometimes
called an “In-Line Flasher.”) This function is very useful in showing the
strength of the echo returned from a fish.
You can reach the A-Scope Mode at any time by pressing the A-Scope
button. Figure 3-14. The left section of the A-Scope Mode shows a
section of the normal FishFinder Page. The right section shows the AScope image.
A-Scope image
The normal FishFinder Page with the White Line feature
enabled (see Fig. 3-4) allows you to tell the difference
between two levels of echo strength. Weak targets are shown
in black, while strong targets are shown in a gray checkered
pattern. The A-Scope image, by contrast, gives you more
detailed information. In the A-Scope Mode, stronger echoes
52
Operating Instructions
create wider lines. Unlike the scrolling FishFinder Page, the
A-Scope does not show a history of scans; instead, it is a
“real-time” display. The shape of the A-Scope display shows
the result as the sonar beam spreads as it penetrates deeper
into the water.
Bottom coverage
The digital number at the bottom of the A-Scope image
indicates the bottom coverage. This is the diameter of the
sonar beam where it meets the bottom. This is computed
using the beam angle of the transducer for the frequency
you have selected. If the entry for Depth Units in the
System Setup Menu is set to Feet or Fathoms, the bottom
coverage will be reported in feet. If the Depth Units entry is
set to Meters, the bottom coverage will be reported in
meters. The beam angle used for the computation depends
on the frequency selected in the Setup Menu:
Frequency Bottom Coverage Beam Angle
200 kHz
16°
50 kHz
65°
200 DUAL
50 DUAL
65°
65°
SPLIT
16° (top);
65° (bottom)
If you want to exit from the A-Scope Mode, press the A-Scope button
again. The unit will return to the FishFinder Page.
Operating Instructions
53
Bottom Lock Mode
Top and
bottom of
Bottom
Lock range
Bottom
indication
Bottom
depth below
surface
Bar
indicates
area being
displayed
Fig. 3-15
Bottom Lock
Mode
The normal display on the FishFinder is a “top-down” view, as if it was
seen from the surface of the water. The Bottom Lock Mode shows a
“bottom-up” view. The bottom is used as a reference, and all depths are
measured up from the bottom.
BOT
You can reach the Bottom Lock Mode at any time by pressing the LOCK
button. For a moment, the display will say, “ENTERING BOTTOM LOCK,”
then the Bottom Lock image will appear.
Figure 3-15 shows the FishFinder Page with the split Bottom Lock feature
enabled. The right section of the split image shows a section of the
normal FishFinder Page. The left section shows the Bottom Lock image.
Bottom indication
The actual surface of the bottom under your boat varies in
depth and contour. The bottom lock feature “flattens out”
the bottom image to give you greater visibility of fish targets
or structure resting on or near the bottom. On the Bottom
Lock image, the bottom itself is shown as a flat surface, and
all targets are shown relative to this flattened bottom.
When using Bottom Lock, you will probably want to keep
the Range (not the Bottom Lock Range) set to Auto. If the
Range is set to Manual, and the bottom moves deeper than
54
Operating Instructions
the selected range, then Bottom Lock will not display the
bottom image.
Bottom Lock
Range
The range for the Bottom Lock image is set independently
from the master range setting for the FishFinder. This
“Bottom Lock Range” is measured up from the bottom,
rather than down from the surface. The Bottom Lock Range
may be adjusted using the Setup Menu when the Bottom
Lock feature is enabled. (See page 73). The current setting
for the Bottom Lock Range is shown in the upper right
corner of the Bottom Lock image. This number is the
maximum distance above the bottom the unit will display on
the Bottom Lock image. (If the Bottom Lock Range number
is larger than the actual depth of the water, the unit will not
show any target in water shallower than the transducer
itself.)
The Bottom Lock feature may be used with a split screen presentation or
in a full-screen presentation. You can make a selection from the Setup
menu. See page 74 for details.
Operating Instructions
55
4 – Setup Instructions
The Setup Menu
Press the SETUP button to enter the Setup Menu. The menu items available will change, depending on the display or combinations of displays the
unit is presenting when you press SETUP . Figure 4-1 shows the order of
the menu items if you start from the normal FishFinder Page. (The
FishFinder
Page
SET UP
Range
Menu
Item
PAGE
Frequency
Menu Item
Sensitivity
Menu Item
(press twice)
PAGE
Chart Speed
Menu Item
Log Reset
Menu Item
PAGE
56
PAGE
Fig.4-1
Setup Menu Items
(from FishFinder
Page)
Setup Instructions
<
order will be different if you start from the Zoom or Bottom Lock Modes.)
To move from one menu item to another, press the
and V arrows of
the Page Control Pad. (If you continue to press
and V often enough,
you will eventually return to the same menu item which appeared originally.) The unit remembers which menu item was last used for each page,
and will display that item the next time you go to the Setup Menu. To
return to the normal display, press CLEAR . (The menu will disappear on its
own in seven seconds). This arrangement allows you to reach any item
on the Setup Menu easily, make a change, then return to the normal
display quickly.
<
Range Setting
Fig. 4-2
Range
Menu Item
See Fig. 4-2. The “range” sets the maximum depth the unit will be able to
see. Use the < and > arrows of the Page Control Pad to select Auto or
Manual range. The Range menu item for the downlooker is available
from all pages except the Digital Page and the Sidelooker Page. (The
Sidelooker Page does have a Range menu item, but only for the
Sidelooker.)
Auto range
The FishFinder can be set to select the range by itself,
automatically. The unit chooses the shallowest range which
will still include the bottom in the display. If the bottom rises
or falls, the FishFinder will adjust the range to keep the
bottom in the display.
Manual range You can also set the range yourself. (However, if the
bottom rises or falls, the FishFinder will not adjust for this.)
As soon as you select Manual, the cursor will jump down a
Setup Instructions
57
line so you can choose the range you want. Use the < and >
arrows of the Page Control Pad to make a selection. Here
are the choices:
Possible Range Settings (Auto or Manual)
In feet: 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 80, 100, 150, 200, 250, 300, 400,
600, 800, 1000, 1500, 2000, 2500
In fathoms: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 40, 50, 60, 80, 100, 150,
200, 250, 300, 450
In meters: 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 40, 50, 60, 80, 100, 150, 200,
300, 400, 500, 600, 800
If you are done with your setup changes, press the CLEAR button to go back
to the normal display. To select the next menu item, press the V arrow of
the Page Control Pad.
Sensitivity Setting
Fig. 4-3
Sensitivity
Menu Item
The “sensitivity” adjusts the ability of the unit to tell the differences
between echoes of different strengths. In general, the sensitivity should
be as high as possible, to detect the fish and show the detail on the
bottom. However, if the sensitivity is too high, the unit will begin to see
bubbles in the water, debris, and other “background noise.” Use a higher
sensitivity setting for deeper water, and a lower setting for shallower water.
The L470 FishFinder has separate sensitivity settings for the 50kHz,
200kHz, and Sidelooker channels. On the bar graph below “Auto/Man,”
the number “200” shows that the sensitivity for the 200kHz signal is being
adjusted. “50” shows that the sensitivity for 50 kHz is being adjusted. If
58
Setup Instructions
there is no number next to the bar graph, this tells you that the Sidelooker
is being adjusted.
From the menu item for the range setting, press the V arrow of the Page
Control Pad. The next menu item will allow you to set the sensitivity. See
Fig. 4-3. Use the < and > arrows of the Page Control Pad to select Auto
or Manual sensitivity.
Auto sensitivity
The FishFinder can be set to select the sensitivity by itself,
automatically. The unit chooses the sensitivity setting
which will detect fish, but will also show a minimum of
background noise. If the amount of background noise
changes (due to changing depth or water conditions), the
FishFinder will change the sensitivity to adjust. (You can still
adjust the sensitivity of the unit while it is using Auto
sensitivity. Once you select Auto sensitivity using the menu
item shown in Fig. 4-3, use the V arrow of the Page
Control Pad to go to the next line. Use the < and > arrows
of the Page Control Pad to fine-tune the sensitivity setting.
To reset the Auto sensitivity to its normal or default setting,
switch the sensitivity from Auto to Man and back to Auto
again. It will also be reset when the FishFinder is turned off
and back on again.
Manual sensitivity
You can also set the sensitivity manually. If the amount of
background noise changes, the FishFinder will not adjust
for this. If you choose Manual sensitivity, press the V
arrow of the Page Control Pad to go to the next line. Use
the < and > arrows of the Page Control Pad to move the
dark bar on the display. Making the bar longer increases
the sensitivity.
If you are done with your setup changes, press the CLEAR button to go back
to the normal display. To select the next menu item, press the V arrow of
the Page Control Pad.
Setup Instructions
59
Chart Speed Setting
Most of the displays on the FishFinder show a record of the signals the
unit has received. The new information appears at the right (or top) edge
of the display. The older information moves toward the left (or bottom) of
the display. The “chart speed” adjustment sets the speed at which the
display moves. (Notice that the scrolling speed of the display is not
related to the speed of the boat over the bottom. The speed of the display
is controlled only by the chart speed setting.)
Section of bottom shown
at higher chart speed -
Display shows
more detail
Same section shown at
slower chart speed -
Fig. 4-4
Display shows
longer "history"
Changing the
Chart Speed
Setting
Figure 4-4 shows how the chart speed setting affects the display. In both
cases, the unit is showing the same section of the bottom. Using a faster
chart speed, the display has more space on the display to show this
section, so it can include more detail. Using a slower chart speed, this
same information is displayed in a smaller horizontal space.
A faster chart speed setting shows more detail on the bottom. You will
probably want to use a faster setting when you are looking for fish.
A slower chart speed setting shows a longer record of the bottom you
pass over. Any fish detected will stay on the display longer.
From the display for the sensitivity setting, press the V arrow of the Page
Control Pad. The next menu item will allow you to set the chart speed.
See Fig. 4-5. The chart speed adjustment affects both the normal
downlooking display and the Sidelooker display.
60
Setup Instructions
Fig. 4-5
Chart Speed
Menu Item
Chart speed
This adjusts the speed at which the information moves
across the display. Use the < and > arrows of the Page
Control Pad to change the chart speed. Making the bar
longer increases the chart speed. If you move the bar all of
the way to the left, the FishFinder will “freeze” and hold the
current display. (The depth indicator will continue to update.)
If you are done with your setup changes, press the CLEAR button to go back
to the normal display. To select the next menu item, press the V arrow of
the Page Control Pad.
Frequency Setting
Fig. 4-6
Frequency
Menu Item
“Frequency” is a measure of how fast the sound waves from the transducer change or “vibrate.” This unit uses sound waves with two different
frequencies—50 kHz and 200 kHz. For an explanation on the uses of
these two frequencies, see the section on “Choosing a Frequency.”
From the Chart Speed Menu Item, press the V arrow of the Page Control Pad.
The next menu item will allow you to make the frequency setting. See Fig. 4-6.
Setup Instructions
61
AUTO frequency
If the frequency is set to AUTO, one of the two single
frequencies (200 or 50 kHz) will be automatically selected,
depending on the depth of the bottom. If the bottom is
deeper than 350 feet (or 60 fathoms or 100 meters), the
unit will use the 50kHz frequency. In shallower water, the
unit will use the 200 kHz frequency.
MAN (Manual) frequency
You can also set the frequency manually. When you
choose Frequency MAN, the cursor will jump down to the
next line and wait for you to choose a frequency. Use the
< and > controls on the Page Control Pad to choose one of
the following five frequency selections:
• 200 kHz, single frequency – The unit will use only the
narrow 200 kHz beam. If the fish symbols are enabled (in
the System Setup Menu), they will appear solid.
• 50 kHz, single frequency – The unit will use the wider 50
kHz beam. If the fish symbols are enabled (in the System
Setup Menu), they will appear hollow.
• 200 kHz, dual frequency – The presentation of the bottom
image and fish targets is the same as with the single 200
kHz frequency. If fish symbols are turned on in the System
Setup Menu, then they are displayed using the signal from
the 200 kHz beam (solid symbols) as well as from the 50
kHz beam (hollow symbols).
• 50 kHz dual frequency – The presentation of the bottom
image and fish targets is the same as with the single 50
kHz frequency. If fish symbols are turned on in the System
Setup Menu, then fish symbols are displayed using the
signal from the 200 kHz beam (solid symbols) as well as
from the 50kHz beam (hollow symbols).
• Split – The full image from both frequencies is shown at the
same time. The 200 kHz display appears on the top half of
the screen, and the 50 kHz display appears on the bottom
half of the screen.
62
Setup Instructions
If you are using one of the dual frequency (or split) selections, some of the
fish may appear in the wide 50 kHz beam, but not in the narrower 200 kHz
beam. Fish which appear in the narrow 200 kHz beam are located more
directly under the transducer, and the symbol will be solid black. Fish
which appear in the wider 50 kHz beam are less precisely located, and the
symbol will be hollow.
If you are done with your setup changes, press the CLEAR button to go back
to the normal display. To select the next menu item, press the V arrow of
the Page Control Pad.
Resetting the Log
Fig. 4-7
Log Reset
Menu Item
The “log” measures how far the boat has traveled through the water. The
log records the distance traveled since it was last reset. You can reset the
log at any time using the display shown in Fig. 4-7.
Distance reading
The number inside the box shows the distance reading now
being displayed by the unit. To reset the log to zero, press
either the < or the > arrows of the Page Control Pad.
If you are done with your setup changes, press the CLEAR button to go back
to the normal display. To go back to the Range Menu Item, press the V
arrow of the Page Control Pad. To move on to the System Setup Menu,
press SETUP again.
Setup Instructions
63
System Setup Menu
Note - The “System Setup Menu” is not the same as the “Setup Menu”
described earlier. The “Setup Menu” includes a series of small screens,
shown in Fig. 4-1. The “System Setup Menu” is a single display, which
includes several different items. See Fig. 4-8 and 4-9.
FishFinder Page
Setup Menus
System Setup Menu
Fig.4-8
Reaching the
System Setup
Menu
You can reach the System Setup Menu at any time by pressing SETUP
twice. See Fig. 4-8. (If you have called up the Window Page, with option
F, G, or H selected, you must press SETUP a third time.) This means that
you can reach this display, make a change, then return to the normal
display quickly. Figure 4-9 shows the items in this menu.
Fig. 4-9
System
Setup Menu
64
Setup Instructions
<
To change one of the items, use the
and V arrows of the Page Control
Pad to move up or down in the display. This will highlight an area on the
display where the unit is ready to make a change. (This is like the “cursor”
on a computer.) Once you have moved to the correct line, press the < or >
arrows of the Page Control Pad to change the entry. Make your change,
then press the CLEAR button to leave the display. The unit will store any
changes you have made.
Simulator
This unit has a built-in simulator. When the simulator is
enabled, it presents a realistic display. You can use this
display to learn about the features of the unit without
operating your boat. The information on this display is
generated by the unit itself, and does not come from a
transducer. When this mode is turned on, you will see the
word “Simulation” flashing on the display.
Language
The unit can present the display information in one of seven
different languages. English is the default language which
is selected at the factory. You may specify a different
language at any time using this menu item. As you scroll
through the languages in the menu, the wording on the
menu will change to that language as well. The language
choices are: English, Spanish, French, German, Italian,
Swedish and Norwegian.
Fish Symbols When the Fish Symbols are turned off, fish are displayed as
arches. (This represents the way the beam from the transducer is returned from a fish.) When the Fish Symbols are
turned on, detected fish are shown as symbols. A number
above the symbol shows the depth of the fish. The unit
produces eight different sizes of symbols. The size which
appears depends on the strength of the return from the fish.
(For more information, see the section on “Fish Indications.”)
White Line
This feature controls the way the unit displays strong and
weak echoes. When the White Line feature is turned off, all
of the echoes are displayed in black. When the feature is
turned on, the upper layer of the bottom structure is shown
as a black line. Strong echoes are displayed using a
crosshatch (or “checkerboard”) pattern. A weaker return is
Setup Instructions
65
shown using a more solid area of black or gray. This
feature helps to show the difference between the strong
echo from the bottom and the weaker echoes from fish or
weeds near the bottom. The image shown in Fig. 3-4 is
presented with the White Line feature turned on.
“VRM” means “Variable Range Marker.” On this unit, the
VRM feature offers a way of finding the depth of an object
on the display. When used with the FishFinder Page, the
VRM feature creates a horizontal line across the display.
Using the
and V arrows on the Page Control Pad, you
can move this line up or down on the display. As the line
moves, a number shows the depth indicated by the line. By
moving the line so that it covers a particular target on the
display, you can find the depth of that target. When the
Bottom Lock Mode is turned on, the VRM line measures a
distance up from the bottom. When the optional Sidelooker
Mode is in use, there may be two vertical VRM lines - one
to either side of the centerline. You can move these lines
toward or away from the centerline using the
and V
controls on the Page Control Pad. Keep in mind that if
Zoom is set to Manual, the VRM on the FishFinder Page is
linked to the Zoom adjustment. That is, they are adjusted
together using the
and V controls.
Sidelooker
This item is used with the optional “Sidelooker” transducer.
This type of transducer sends sound waves out to the sides
of the boat. See Fig. 3-9. If you have installed this
transducer, use this entry in the System Setup Menu to turn
on the Sidelooker feature.
Speed Cal
This unit can detect and display the speed of the boat
through the water. It also uses the speed information to
calculate the distance traveled (the “log”). The item for
Speed Cal allows you to adjust the speed reading to make
it match your actual speed through the water. It presents a
reading in percentage points. A reading of 100% means
the speed readings from the factory default calibration are
accurate, and the unit does not need any correction. If the
<
VRM
<
<
66
Setup Instructions
unit says that you are moving faster than you really are, you
can adjust the Speed Cal figure to a smaller number. If the
unit says that you are moving slower than your actual
speed, use a larger number for Speed Cal. The setting can
range between 75 and 125. Use the < and > controls to
change the value. For more information, see the section on
“Calibrating the Sensors.”
Temp Cal
This unit can display the water temperature. You may want
to fine-tune the signal from the transducer to get an
accurate display. The displayed number indicates an offset
added to the measured temperature. (This offset will be
measured in °F or °C, depending on the setting used for
Temp Units.) For example, if the temperature reading on
the FishFinder Page tends to read 2°F too high, you can
correct for this by setting Temp Cal to -2.0°. The setting
can range between -9.9° and +9.9°. Use the < and >
controls to change the value.
Depth Digits
This item sets the size of the digits used to show the bottom
depth on all of the display pages except for the Window and
Digital Pages. The “STD.” (standard) setting will display
digits which are 7 mm tall, and the “LARGE” setting will
display digits which are 15 mm tall. Use the < and >
controls to change the setting.
Shallow Alarm
<
You can set an alarm to trigger whenever the boat moves
into water which is shallower than a limit you set. Use the
and V controls to move to the line for Shallow Alarm
and use the > control on the Page Control Pad to turn this
item on. Once you do this, the display will ask which depth
you want to use as a limit. Use the < and > controls to set
the limit you want. When the shallow alarm is set, the letter
“S” will appear in the upper left-hand corner of the normal
displays. If you move into shallow water and trigger the
alarm, the letter “S” will begin to flash, and the buzzer will
sound. Press the CLEAR button to silence the buzzer. The
letter “S” will continue to flash until you move into
deeper water.
Setup Instructions
67
To turn this feature off, press the < control until the display
indicates zero feet, fathoms or meters. When these values
are displayed in the Shallow Alarm “pop up” window, you
will notice that the menu item in the System Setup Menu
will read “Off.”
Deep Alarm
<
An alarm can be set to trigger whenever the boat moves
into water which is deeper than a preset limit. Use the
and V controls to move to the line for Deep Alarm and
use the > control to turn this item on. Once you do this, the
display will ask which depth you want to use as a limit. Use
the < and > controls to set the limit you want. When the
deep alarm is set, the letter “D” will appear in the upper lefthand corner of the normal displays. If you move into deep
water and trigger the alarm, the letter “D” will begin to flash,
and the buzzer will sound. Press the CLEAR button to
silence the buzzer. The letter “D” will continue to flash until
you move into shallower water.
To turn this feature off, press the > control on the Page
Control Pad until the display indicates 2500 feet, 450
fathoms, or 800 meters. When these values are displayed
in the Deep Alarm “pop up” window, you will notice that the
menu item in the System Setup Menu will read “Off.”
Note: You may want to use both the Shallow Alarm and
Deep Alarm features when you are anchored. Set the limits
just a bit to either side of your anchor depth. When set this
way, the unit will trigger an alarm if the anchor drags and
the boat moves into shallower or deeper water.
Fish Alarm
This unit has an alarm which will trigger when the unit
detects a fish. Use the < and > controls to turn this item on
or off. (The Fish Alarm feature will work even if the fish
symbols are turned off.)
When the Fish Alarm is set, the fish symbol will appear in
the upper left-hand corner of the normal displays.
If the Fish Alarm is triggered, the fish symbol will flash and
the buzzer will sound (if it has been activated). If the unit is
68
Setup Instructions
operating with dual frequencies, the buzzer will produce two
tones—one right after the other. If a fish has been detected
by the 200 kHz beam, a high tone will be followed by a
lower tone. If the fish is detected by the 50 kHz beam, the
low tone will sound first, followed by the higher one.
Buzzer
A buzzer can be set to sound when any of the alarm
conditions occurs (shallow, deep, or fish alarm). For the
shallow or deep alarms, the “S” or “D” symbol at the top of
the screen flashes. By pressing the CLEAR button, you can
silence the buzzer for the current alarm condition. The
“S” or “D” symbol will continue to flash as long as the alarm
condition is still present.
If the alarm condition occurs again, the buzzer will sound
again. (For example, this would happen if, after a shallow
alarm you moved into deep water, then returned to shallow
water.) You can silence the buzzer again by pressing the
CLEAR button.
The Buzzer entry in the System Setup Menu can be set in
three possible ways. Use the < and > controls to make
your choice.
When the Buzzer entry is set to Off, the buzzer is silenced
for all of the alarms. Once you choose the “Off” setting, the
buzzer symbol at the top of the screen will appear hollow.
If the Buzzer is turned off, and a shallow alarm or deep
alarm occurs, the “S” or “D” symbol will flash, but the
buzzer will not sound. You can enable the buzzer again at
any time by calling up the System Setup Menu, going to the
line for Buzzer, and turning the item on again. Once you do
this, the buzzer symbol at the bottom of the screen will
appear solid.
When the Buzzer entry is set to Alarm, the buzzer will work
with the alarm functions only. The unit will not sound a
short “beep” when you press a button.
When the Buzzer line is set to On, the buzzer will
respond to alarms, and will sound a “beep” each time
you press a button.
Setup Instructions
69
Depth Units
This item sets the units used by the depth display. You can
choose feet (FT), fathoms (FA), or meters (M). Use the
< and > controls to make your choice.
Speed Units This item sets the units used by the speed display. The
same units are used for the distance (“log”) display. There
are three choices:
Code
log
MPH
Units used for speedUnits used by
KTS
Knots
KPH
Kilometers per hour
Miles per hour
Statute miles
Nautical miles
Kilometers
Temp Units
This item sets the units used by the temperature display.
You can choose Fahrenheit degrees (°F) or Celsius
degrees (°C). Use the < and > controls to make your
choice.
Speed
A speed indication appears on all of the normal displays. If
you do not want to see this item, you can turn it off using
this line of the System Setup Menu. Use the < and >
controls to make your choice. (The value for Speed will still
appear on the Window and Digital Pages.)
Log
On all of the normal displays, an entry for “log” indicates the
distance traveled. You can turn off this item using this line
of the System Setup Menu. Use the < and > controls to
make your choice. (The value for Log will still appear on
the Window and Digital Pages.) Notice that the units used
by the log are set by changing the entry for Speed Units.
Temp
An entry for temperature appears on all of the normal
displays. You can turn this item off using this line of the
System Setup Menu. Use the < and > controls to make
your choice. (This item will still appear on the Window and
Digital Pages.)
If you are done with your setup changes, press the CLEAR button to go back
to the normal display.
70
Setup Instructions
Setup Menus for Zoom Mode
The “Zoom” setup menus allow you to customize the Zoom feature to your
particular application. When the unit is in the Zoom Mode, these two menu
items are added to the existing Setup Menu of the Page currently selected. Just press SETUP while in the Zoom Mode, and scroll through the
menu items until you see the menu item you want to use.
Zoom Select Menu
Fig. 4-10
Zoom Select
Menu Item
The Zoom Select Menu allows you to set the Zoom magnification and
select Auto or Manual Zoom.
Zoom magnification
Use the < and > arrows of the Page Control Pad to select
x2, x4, x6, or x8 Zoom magnification. Press CLEAR to return
to the normal display or press the V arrow of the Page
Control Pad to select Auto or Manual Zoom.
Auto zoom
Once you have set the zoom magnification, you may select
either Auto or Manual Zoom control. If you select Auto
Zoom, the FishFinder will automatically control the position
of the Zoom window. The Auto Zoom control constantly
tracks the shape of the bottom, and adjusts the position of
the Zoom window to match any changes in depth. This
feature is particularly useful when fishing for species of fish
which stay close to the bottom. Use the < and > arrows of
the Page Control Pad to select Auto Zoom. Press the CLEAR
button to leave this display, and store the Auto Zoom setting.
Setup Instructions
71
Manual Zoom
If you select Manual Zoom, you can choose the position of
the zoom area yourself. Use the < and > arrows of the
Page Control Pad to select Manual Zoom.
<
Once you make this choice, you can set the zoom area
yourself. You do this after you exit the Zoom Setup Menu
Item, and you are looking at the Zoom Mode display itself.
You can manually move the zoom area up or down by
pressing the
and V arrows of the Page Control Pad.
The location of the zoom area is shown by the dark vertical
line at the very right-hand edge of the display.
If you are done with your setup changes, press the CLEAR button to go back
to the normal display. To select the next menu item, press the V arrow of
the Page Control Pad.
Zoom Screen Split/Full Menu Item
The Zoom Screen Split/Full Menu Item is available from the FishFinder
Page or the Window Page when the Zoom Mode is enabled. From the
Fig. 4-11
Zoom Screen
Split/Full
Menu Item
Zoom Select Menu (Fig. 4-10), press the V arrow of the Page Control
Pad. Figure 4-11 shows this next menu item.
Zoom Split/Full
This entry indicates whether the zoom image will share the
display with part of the normal display, or will use the whole
display area. Use the < and > arrows on the Page Control
Pad to select the type of zoom display you want.
72
Setup Instructions
If you are done with your setup changes, press the CLEAR button to go back
to the normal display. If you press the V arrow of the Page Control Pad
at this point, the next menu will be the Range menu shown in Fig. 4-1.
Setup Menus for Bottom Lock Mode
The Bottom Lock Setup Menus allow you to customize the Bottom Lock
feature to your particular application. When in the Bottom Lock Mode,
these two menu items are added to the existing Setup Menu of the page
currently selected. Just press SETUP while in the Bottom Lock Mode and
scroll through the menu items until the desired menu item is displayed.
Fig. 4-12
Bottom Lock
Range Menu
Item
Bottom Lock Range Menu Item
If you press SETUP while the unit is displaying the Bottom Lock Mode, you
will see the setup menu shown in Fig. 4-12.
Bottom Lock Range
This range setting controls the maximum depth the unit will
be able to see. Notice that only manual range control is
available for the Bottom Lock Mode. Use the < and >
arrows of the Page Control Pad to select the range you
want. Here are the choices:
Possible Bottom Lock Range Settings:
In feet: 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 80, 100, 150
In fathoms: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30
In meters: 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 40, 50
Setup Instructions
73
If you are done with your setup changes, press the CLEAR button to go back
to the normal display. To select the next menu item, press the V arrow of
the Page Control Pad.
Bottom Lock Split/Full Menu Item
Fig. 4-13
Bottom Lock
Split/Full
Menu Item
When you first press the Bottom Lock button, the Bottom Lock information
will appear in the left-hand part of a split screen. See Fig. 3-15. You can
also specify a full-screen Bottom Lock display. From the Bottom Lock
Range Menu Item (Fig. 4-12), press the V arrow of the Page Control
Pad. Figure 4-13 shows the next menu item.
Bottom Lock Split/Full
This entry indicates whether the Bottom Lock image will
share the display with part of the normal display, or will use
the whole display area. Use the < and > arrows on the
Page Control Pad to select the type of Bottom Lock display
you want.
If you are done with your setup changes, press the CLEAR button to go back
to the normal display. If you press the V arrow of the Page Control Pad at
this point, the next menu will be the Range menu shown in Fig. 4-1.
74
Setup Instructions
Setup Menu for Window Page
You can choose some of the elements which are presented on the Window
Page. You will recall that you can step to this pages by using the < or >
controls on the Page Control Pad. See Fig. 3-3.
Normally, the displays follow in this order:
•
•
•
•
FishFinder Page (may include Zoom, A-Scope or Bottom Lock Mode)
>
Window Page
>
Full-screen Sidelooker Page (if Sidelooker feature is turned on)
>
Digital Page
Fig. 4-14
Digital Setup
Menu Item
When you are viewing the Window Page, press SETUP . The unit will
present the setup menu shown in Fig. 4-14. The first five options (A
through E) will appear every time you see this menu. The last three items
(F through H) only appear when the optional Sidelooker feature is turned
on. We explained the choices in the material on the Window Page in
Section 3. (See page 41 and Fig. 3-8.)
To make a choice, use the < or > controls, then press CLEAR to save the
change. Notice that these options only control the information presented
on the left side of the display. In each case, the right side presents part
of the normal display. This will include the FishFinder Page, and may also
use the Zoom, A-Scope, or Bottom Lock Modes.
Notice that, whenever you use one of the last three options (F, G or H), the
Digital information disappears. All of the space on the left side of the
display is taken up by the Sidelooker Mode. See Fig. 4-20.
Setup Instructions
75
Resetting from the Digital Page
Two functions can be reset from the Digital Page. These are Elapsed
Time and Log Reset. When the unit is displaying the Digital Page, press
the SETUP button. The unit will present a menu item showing the current
reading for the log. To reset the log to zero, press the > control on the
Page Control Pad.
Press the V control to go to a menu item which shows the elapsed time.
To reset this item to zero, press the > control on the Page Control Pad.
(Notice that this is the only way to reset the elapsed time without turning
the unit off. Normally, both of these items will be reset to zero whenever
you turn the unit off.)
Setup Instructions for Sidelooker
Some installations include the optional Sidelooker transducer. We described the operation of this transducer in Section 3. If your boat has this
transducer, there are some extra setup steps required.
The Sidelooker feature must be turned on using the System Setup Menu.
Figures 4-8 and 4-9 show how to reach this Menu. Press the SETUP button
twice to reach the System Setup Menu. Press the V arrow of the Page
Control Pad to reach the line labeled “Sidelook.” Press the > arrow of the
control to turn the feature on. Next, press CLEAR to save the change and
go back to the main display.
Once you have turned on the Sidelooker feature, the order of the screens
changes a bit. You will recall that you can step from one page to the next
by using the < or > controls on the Page Control Pad. With the Sidelooker
feature turned on, the displays follow in this order:
•
•
•
•
76
Normal or FishFinder Display Page (may include Zoom, A-Scope or
Bottom Lock Mode)
>
Window Display Page
>
Sidelooker Display Page
>
Digital Display Page
Setup Instructions
Fig. 4-15
Sidelooker
Range
Menu Item
Press the > control until you see the Sidelooker Page. If you press SETUP
while the Sidelooker Page is visible, the unit will present the menu item
shown in Fig. 4-15.
Sidelooker Range Menu Item
Once the Sidelooker feature is turned on, the FishFinder uses two range
settings: one for the standard displays, and a second for just the Sidelooker feature. The menu item shown here sets the range for just the
Sidelooker. (This will not change the range setting for the other display pages.)
The range for the Sidelooker uses the Manual setting only. Use the < and >
controls to select the range you want to use.
Possible Sidelooker Range Settings:
In feet: 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 80, 100, 150
In meters: 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 40, 50
If you are done with your setup changes, press the CLEAR button to go back
to the normal display. To select the next menu item, press the V arrow of
the Page Control Pad.
Setup Instructions
77
Sidelooker Sensitivity Menu Item
Fig. 4-16
Sidelooker
Sensitivity
Menu Item
This menu item allows you to set the sensitivity for the Sidelooker feature
only. (This will not change the sensitivity setting for the other display
pages.) Choose Auto or Manual sensitivity. If you choose Manual sensitivity, use the < and > arrows of the Page Control Pad to adjust the sensitivity.
If you are done with your setup changes, press the CLEAR button to go back
to the normal display. To select the next menu item, press the V arrow of
the Page Control Pad.
Sidelooker Chart Speed Menu Item
Fig. 4-17
Sidelooker
Chart Speed
Menu Item
The Chart Speed Menu Item in the Sidelooker Page adjusts the chart
speed for the Sidelooker display and the FishFinder display. Remember, if
you adjust the chart speed in any menu, both displays will be affected.
Using a faster chart speed, there is more space on the display to show a
given section of the bottom, so the unit can include more detail. Using a
slower chart speed, this same information is displayed in a smaller vertical
space. Use the < and > arrows of the Page Control Pad to change the
chart speed. Making the bar longer increases the chart speed. If you
78
Setup Instructions
move the bar all of the way to the left, the FishFinder will “freeze” and hold
the current display. (The depth indicator will continue to update.)
If you are done with your setup changes, press the CLEAR button to go back
to the normal display. To select the next menu item, press the V arrow of
the Page Control Pad.
Sidelooker View Menu Item
Fig. 4-18
Sidelooker
View Menu
Item
When the Sidelooker information is presented as a full-screen display, you
can decide whether you want to show all of the Sidelooker image, or just a
part of it. Figure 4-18 shows the menu item which controls this. You can
decide whether to show only the left half of the Sidelooker image, only the
right half, or both halves at once. Use the < and > arrows of the Page
Control Pad to make your choice.
Display Option Information Shown
F
G
Full display, Sidelooker view to port (left)
Split display (vertical), port (left) view on left half and
starboard (right) view on right half of display
H
Full display, Sidelooker view to starboard (right)
If you are done with your setup changes, press the CLEAR button to go back
to the normal display. To go back to the Sidelooker Range Menu, press
the V arrow of the Page Control Pad.
Setup Instructions
79
Combining Displays
The FishFinder L470 unit can combine displays in many different ways.
This allows you to make maximum use of the display area, and choose
only the information you really want. Here are some of the ways the
images can be combined.
Dual-frequency split screen –
If you choose this setup, the unit produces a horizontal split across the
screen. The image on the upper half of the display is produced by the 200
kHz transducer element, and the image on the lower half is produced by
the 50 kHz transducer element.
Notice that you can combine the dual frequency feature with any of the
normal displays—the FishFinder Page by itself, or with the Zoom, AScope, or Bottom Lock Modes. In Fig. 4-19, the A-Scope Mode has been
combined with the dual-frequency feature.
Fig. 4-19
Split FishFinder
Page with
A-Scope Mode
Window Page –
If you begin at the standard FishFinder Page and press the > control, the unit will
present a Window Page. Figure 3-7 shows an example. Notice that there is a
vertical split down the center of the screen. The Digital information takes over
the left half of the display. The other half is occupied by one of the normal
displays—the FishFinder Page by itself, or with the Zoom, A-Scope or Bottom
Lock Mode. Notice that, if you have specified a “split” image for either the Zoom
or Bottom Lock Mode, the image on the right side will be divided vertically again.
80
Setup Instructions
Fig. 4-20
Window Page
with Option G
Selected and
Zoom Enabled
Window Page with Sidelooker –
You can combine a Sidelooker view with the Window Page display. Figure
4-20 shows an example where the Sidelooker view has been combined
with the Zoom Mode in the Window Page. Notice that, again, the display
is split vertically down the middle. There is another vertical division
between the parts of the Zoom display. To reach this view, press the
< or > control on the Page Control Pad until the Window Page is displayed. Press the SETUP button. Press V until you see the Window Menu
Item. If the Sidelooker is enabled, Window options A through H will be
available. Select F, G, or H to specify a Sidelooker window, and press
CLEAR . Next, press ZOOM . The unit will present the FishFinder, Sidelooker,
and Zoom information on the same screen.
Resetting the Unit to Factory Defaults
It is easy to reset all of the settings on the FishFinder at the same time.
When the unit is off, hold the CLEAR button. Press the PWR button to turn on
the unit. (Release the PWR button first; then, one to two seconds later,
release the CLEAR button.) All of the settings will be reset to the values
listed below, and the trip log will be reset to zero.
Setup Instructions
81
Default Settings
When the FishFinder is new, it uses a number of preset “default” settings.
Here is a list:
Function
Range
Default - US model Default - Europe model
Auto
Auto
Sensitivity
Auto
Auto
Chart Speed
Frequency
3 (fast)
Auto (200 kHz)
3 (fast)
Auto (200 kHz)
Simulator
Off
Off
Language
Fish symbols
English
On
English
On
White line
VRM
On
Off
On
Off
Sidelooker
Off
Off
Speed calibration
Temp. calibration
100
0.0
100
0.0
Depth digits
Std.
Std.
Shallow alarm
Deep alarm
Off
Off
Off
Off
Fish alarm
Buzzer
Off
On
Off
On
Depth units
FT (feet)
M (meters)
Speed units
MPH (miles per hour)
Temperature units °F (Fahrenheit)
82
KPH (kilometers per hour)
°C (Celsius)
Speed display
On
On
Log display
Temp. display
On
On
On
On
Setup Instructions
5 – Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Periodically check the display unit, cable, and transducer. Be sure all
components are free of corrosion and are securely mounted. Check all
cables for signs of chafing or abrasion. Be sure all of the connections to
the boat’s DC power and ground system are clean and tight.
Cleaning Instructions
Always keep the display unit clean. Use a soft, clean cloth to wipe off the
display panel. Do not use abrasive cleansers, chemical cleaners or
solvents. Use a glass cleaner or a suitable general-purpose detergent.
If you operate your boat in salt water, you will have to protect the hull with
antifouling paint. Use caution when sanding or cleaning the outside of the
hull near the transducer. Harsh cleaning solvents such as acetone may
damage the transducer.
Sea growth can collect quickly on the bottom of the transducer. This can
reduce the performance in just a few weeks. To prevent this, coat the
bottom of the transducer with a thin layer of paint. Use only a water-based
antifouling paint, or a water-based paint specifically designed for transducers. Apply it with a brush.
If your transducer becomes fouled or stops working because of sand or
sea growth, use a stiff brush to clean it. You may sand the surface with a
fine-grit wet or dry sandpaper (#320 grade or finer), but this will affect the
performance of the unit when the boat is moving at higher speeds.
The paddle wheel mechanism may become jammed by dirt or grit. Work this
out of the mechanism, then clean the unit with soap and water or alcohol.
Troubleshooting Suggestions
If the unit is not working correctly, there may be a simple cause. Before
you call for service help, please check these points:
The FishFinder display unit will not turn on –
1. The unit may actually be operating, but the contrast may have been
set to the “full light” or “full dark” setting. With the unit turned off, hold
the CLEAR button. When you press PWR to turn the unit on, all settings
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
83
2.
3.
4.
will change to the factory defaults. See the default settings on
page 82.
If the power wiring includes a fuse, it may be blown. Also check the
circuit breaker or main battery switch.
You may have reversed the power connections. Follow the DC power
lines all the way back to the battery. The red wire should connect to
the positive terminal (+) on the battery or power source, and the black
wire should connect to the negative terminal (-) (also called “ground”
or “earth”). If the polarity is not correct, reconnect the leads properly
and check again.
The battery or DC power source may not be producing the correct
voltage. The FishFinder needs at least 10.8 volts to operate. If the
voltage is lower, check for loose or corroded connections, or a
problem with the power source.
The display unit “freezes” (temporarily or permanently) –
1. Check that the display has not been stopped using the Chart Speed
Menu Item. (If the adjustment bar is moved all of the way to the left,
the display will freeze.)
2. A source of electrical “noise” may be interfering with the unit’s
operation. Both the transducer cable and the power cable for the
FishFinder should be routed as far as possible from all other wiring on
the boat.
To locate the source of the noise, turn on the FishFinder. Next, turn
on each electrical device on the boat, but just supply power to one
device at a time. This may reveal the cause of the problem. Move
the FishFinder, the other unit, or the wiring. A movement of just a few
inches can make a big difference. If it is necessary to cross any
wires, make the crossing at a right angle.
Start the motor in neutral and increase the RPM speed. This can
reveal a problem with the wiring for the boat’s ignition, alternator, or
tachometer. It may help to use resistor-type spark plugs or spark plug
cables on the boat’s motor. You can also try a noise-suppression filter
on the alternator.
3. One of the wiring connections may be loose. All of the connections
should be clean, tight, and insulated. Soldering is the best way of
making these connections. Protect each connection with a piece of
shrink-wrap tubing.
84
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
4.
The transducer cable may be damaged. Check for any point where
the wiring may be pinched or bent. Look for signs that water has
gotten into the cable. If the transducer cable is damaged, the
transducer and cable should be replaced as a unit. Contact
Raymarine for instructions.
The display unit does not see the bottom or fish –
1. Be sure the display unit is not using the Simulation mode (If this is the
case, the word “Simulation” will flash on the display.)
2. On a unit with the transom-mount transducer, the transducer may
have “kicked up” because it hit an obstruction. See Fig. 2-4. Move
the transducer down into the working position.
3. The unit may be set for Manual sensitivity, and be using a very low
sensitivity setting. To reset all of the values to the factory defaults,
hold the CLEAR button, and press PWR to turn the unit on. See the
default settings on page 82.
4. The transducer may not be vertical. Be sure that the transducer is
aiming straight down, or within 10° of vertical.
5. If the transducer is an in-hull type, be sure that it is installed correctly.
The transducer should be “looking” through just one layer of fiberglass hull material, no more than 1" (25 mm) thick. The transducer
should be firmly attached to the hull using the correct type of adhesive/sealant.
6. The face of the transducer may be covered or fouled. Use a stiff
brush to clean it. You may also sand the surface with a fine-grit wet
or dry sandpaper (#320 grade or finer), but this will affect the performance of the unit when the boat is moving at higher speeds.
7. If the FishFinder is using the Auto Sensitivity setting, it may be
reacting to an increase in electrical “noise.” As the level of noise
increases, the sensitivity automatically adjusts, and the unit can lose
its ability to see the bottom or fish. Check for problems with the wiring
as described in the section on “Display unit freezes.”
8. The voltage from the power source may be low. This affects the
transmitting power of the FishFinder. Check the connections as
described in the section on “The display unit freezes.”
The FishFinder does not display fish arches –
1. Be sure the Fish Symbol feature is turned off. See the instruc-
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
85
2.
3.
4.
tions for the System Setup Menu.
The FishFinder will not display arches unless the boat is moving. If
the boat is stopped, fish will appear on the display as straight lines.
The transducer may not be aimed straight down. In order to display
complete arches, the transducer must be vertical.
The sensitivity setting may not be high enough. Go to the Setup
Menu, choose Manual Sensitivity, and increase the sensitivity.
The display disappears or is unreliable when the boat is moving at
high speeds –
1. Increased turbulence around the transducer may be “confusing” the
unit. Move the transducer to a location where there is less turbulence
when the boat is moving.
2. If the FishFinder is using the Auto Sensitivity setting, it may be
reacting to an increase in electrical “noise.” As the level of noise
increases, the sensitivity automatically adjusts, and the unit can lose
its ability to see the bottom or fish. Check for problems with the
wiring as described in the section on “The display unit freezes.”
The display unit shows lots of background “noise” –
1. The unit may be set to use the manual sensitivity adjustment, and the
sensitivity may be set too high. See the information on “Setup
Instructions.”
2. The transducer may be mounted incorrectly, or may be fouled. Check
the mounting as described in Section 2. Clean the transducer as
described earlier in this section.
The depth setting flashes often –
Note: Normally, this indicates that the bottom has moved out of range.
1. The transducer may not be installed correctly, or the signal may not
be reaching the display unit. Recheck the instructions in “Mounting
the Transducer” in Section 2. Check the transducer cable for signs of
damage. If the cable is damaged, the transducer and cable should be
replaced as a unit.
2. The voltage reaching the unit may be low, and this may be affecting
the transmitting power. Check for problems with the wiring as
described in the section on “The display unit freezes.”
86
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
The speed or log readings are wrong –
1. The paddle wheel on the transducer may be fouled. Clean the parts
as described in the section on “Cleaning Instructions.”
2. Check the speed calibration. Use the item for “Speed Cal” on the
System Setup Menu. See the instructions in Section 2.
Servicing a Thru-Hull Transducer
If your boat has a thru-hull transducer, you can service it without removing
the boat from the water. The sensor(s) are mounted in a cylindrical plug
in the center of the transducer assembly. If necessary, you can remove
this plug by working from the inside of the boat. The transducer housing
includes a check valve to minimize the water intrusion when removing the
insert. A small amount of water will enter the boat. This is normal. Immediately after removing the speed insert, place the dummy insert in the
transducer housing. Do not leave the transducer without the speed or
dummy insert in place.
How to Contact Raymarine
For marine product and services information
Visit the Raymarine World Wide Web site for the latest information on the
newest Raymarine electronic equipment and systems:
www.raymarine.com
For accessories and parts
Many Raymarine accessory items and parts can be obtained directly
from your authorized Raymarine dealer. However, if you are in need
of an item not available from the retailer, please contact Raymarine
Customer Service at 1-800-539-5539, extension 2333 or (603) 8815200, extension 2333. Customer Service is available Monday through
Friday, 8:15 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time or Eastern
Daylight Savings Time.
If placing an order, please have the Raymarine item or part number
ready when calling. (See the Optional Accessory List on page 2 in this
manual.) If you are not sure which item is appropriate for your unit,
you should first contact the Technical Support Department at 1-800539-5539, extension 2444 to verify your requirements.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
87
For technical support
Please call 1-800-539-5539, extension 2444 or (603) 881-5200, extension
2444. The Raymarine Fax number is 1-603-634-4756.
Our Technical Support Specialists are available to answer questions about
installing, operating, and troubleshooting all Raymarine products. Questions may be addressed directly to our Technical Support Department via
the Internet at:
techsupport@raymarine.com
For product repair service
In the unlikely event your Raymarine unit should develop a problem,
please contact your authorized Raymarine dealer for assistance. The
dealer is best equipped to handle your service requirements, and can offer
timesaving help in getting the equipment back into normal operation.
In the event that repairs cannot be obtained conveniently, product service
may also be obtained by returning the unit to Raymarine’s Product Repair
Center using the prepaid shipping tag supplied with the unit. Return the
unit to:
Raymarine Product Repair Center
22 Cotton Road, Unit D
Nashua, NH 03063-4219-USA
The Product Repair Center is open Monday through Friday, 8:15 a.m. to
5:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time or Eastern Daylight Savings Time. All
products returned to the Repair Center are registered when they arrive. A
confirmation letter will be sent to you acknowledging the repair status and
listing the product’s reference number. Should you wish to inquire about
the repair status of your unit, contact the Product Repair Center at 1-800539-5539, extension 2118. Please have the product reference number or
unit serial number ready when you call. We will do everything possible to
repair the unit and return it to you as quickly as possible.
88
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Raymarine in Europe
In Europe, support, service, and accessories are available from
Raymarine Limited:
Raymarine Limited
Anchorage Park, Portsmouth
PO3 5TD, England
Tel:
+44 (0) 23 9269 3611
Fax:
+44 (0) 23 9269 4642
Technical support is available via the Internet. Questions may be sent
directly to this address:
techsupport@raymarine.com
Prepaid Return Service
The return label included with your Raymarine unit provides free ground
shipping to our Product Repair Center for all warranty repairs. This
service is available only to customers within the continental United States.
To return your Raymarine unit for warranty repair, please follow these
steps:
1. Fill out the service information card completely.
2. Pack your FishFinder and the service information card in a suitable
shipping container. It is best to use the original carton, if it is available.
3. Fill in your name, address and zip code.
4. Attach the label to the outside of the shipping carton. Be sure to
retain the shipping receipt.
5. Give the package to your nearest shipping outlet, or directly to the
driver. Your Raymarine unit will be shipped directly to our Product
Repair Center.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
89
90
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
6 – Specifications
General Information
Display panel
FSTN high-contrast LCD
Panel dimensions
3.8" H x 3.8" W (96 mm x 96 mm)
No. of dots
LCD contrast
240 x 128
Adjustable, with temperature compensation
Backlight
LCD panel, adjustable
Operating pages
FishFinder Page (standard)
Window Page
Sidelooker Page
Digital Page
Performance modes
Zoom Mode
A-Scope Mode
Bottom Lock Mode
Keys
Memory backup
Silicon rubber
Non-volatile, no battery required
Power source
10.8 to 16.1 V DC
Power consumption
backlight off - approx. 2.0 W
backlight on - approx. 4.5 W
Dimensions (w/o bracket)
5.3" H (134 mm) x 6.6" W (169 mm)
Weight
x 2.8" D (72 mm)
1.1 lbs (0.5 kg)
Waterproofing
EMI resistance
U.S.C.G., CFR 46
IEC 945
Specifications
91
FishFinder Functions
Range
FT (feet)
Auto or manual
5
10
15
50
60
80
250 300
400
1500 2000 2500
FA (fathoms)
1
10
50
250
M (meters)
Zoom size
20
100
600
30
150
800
40
200
1000
4
25
100
5
30
150
8
40
200
2
4
6
8
10
20
25
30
40
50
80
100
150
200 300
500 650
800
x2, x4, x6, x8, auto/manual
15
60
400
2
15
60
300
3
20
80
450
Chart speed
Freeze, slow, medium, fast
White line
Alarms
On/ Off
Shallow, deep, fish
Reset distance log
Fish symbols
0 to 999 units
8 sizes
Output power
500 W(rms)
Frequency
Transducer beam angle
50 kHz, 200 kHz, dual or split operation
200kHz: 16° @ -6db
Depth units
Numerical display
Feet, fathoms, meters
3 digits
Water temperature
Boat speed units
32.0 to 99.9°F (0 to 37.0°C)
Mph, kph, knots (0 to 70)
Sensitivity
Auto or manual
50kHz: 65° @ -6db
92
Specifications
Connector Diagrams
DC power connector
1
Pin 1
Pin 2
2
12V DC (+)
Ground (-)
(Connectors viewed looking
toward rear of display unit.)
Transducer connector
1
8
2
7
6
9
3
5
4
Pin 1
Pin 2
Pin 3
Pin 4
Pin 5
Pin 6
Pin 7
Pin 8
Pin 9
Depth TX+
Depth TXL Select
Temp
R Select
Speed signal/voltage +
Shield ground
+12V (sidelooker)
L/R receive
Fig. 6-1
Connectors
Specifications
93
Glossary of Terms
Aft: Near or toward the rear part of the boat (nautical term).
Background noise: False or meaningless echo returns produced by
bubbles, water turbulence, or debris
Bow: The front of the boat (nautical term).
Cavitation: Air bubbles in the water which affect the readings of a
transducer. These are normally caused by mounting the transducer
at an incorrect angle or location.
Chart Speed: The rate at which echoes scroll across the display.
<
Cursor: On a setup display, the place where the unit is ready to make a
change or enter new information. This point is highlighted. You can
move up or down the list or display using the
and V controls.
Deadrise angle: The slope or angle of the underside of the hull, measured in the side-to-side direction.
Default value: A value or setting which is pre-loaded into the unit at the
factory.
Fairing block: A block used when mounting a thru-hull transducer. The
fairing block shims the transducer to align it on a perfect horizontal
plane versus the rise of the hull.
Fathom: A unit of depth equal to 6 feet.
Frequency: The rate at which a sound source vibrates, or the rate at
which a sound wave changes.
Fore: Near or toward the front part of the boat (nautical term).
Keel: The center of the hull, running from the bow to the stern.
kHz: “Kilo-Hertz” – a measure of frequency (For example, 200 kHz =
200,000 oscillations per second.)
Kick-up bracket: A bracket which is installed on the transom of a boat
and holds the transducer in place. When the transducer strikes an
obstruction, it is designed to release or “kick up” out of the water to
prevent any damage.
Knot: One nautical mile per hour (1.15 statute miles per hour).
94
Glossary
LCD: “Liquid Crystal Display” - A technology used to produce flat-panel
displays.
Nautical mile: 6076 feet
Port: Left side of the boat, when facing the bow (nautical term).
PVDF: “Poly Vinylidene Fluoride” – A unique polymer plastic that has the
ability to convert sound waves into electrical impulses. PVDF is used
in the optional Sidelooker transducer for excellent detection of fish in
the horizontal direction.
Range: The depth scale for the unit. The maximum distance the unit will
be able to see at a particular range setting.
Sensitivity: The ability of a receiver to distinguish between echoes of
different strengths. In general, use a higher sensitivity setting for
deep water, and a lower setting for shallow water.
Starboard: Right side of the boat, when facing the bow (nautical term).
Statute mile: 5280 ft.
Stern: The rear of a boat (nautical term).
Thermocline: A level in the water where two areas of differing water
temperature meet. Sometimes a thermocline can reflect sonar waves
and present a false display.
Transducer: A device which sends and receives high frequency sound
waves through the water.
Transom: The rear-most part of the boat’s hull, often a flat panel.
White Line: A feature used to help display fish near the bottom. This
feature helps to show the difference between weak returns (including
fish near the bottom) and strong returns (including the bottom itself).
Zoom: A way of magnifying or enlarging part of the display to give a
better view of a section of the water.
Glossary
95
Limited Warranty Certificate
Raymarine warrants each new Light Marine/Dealer Distributor Product to be of good materials and
workmanship, and will repair or exchange any parts proven to be defective in material and
workmanship under normal use for a period of 2 years/24 months from date of sale to end user, except
as provided below.
Defects will be corrected by Raymarine or an authorized Raymarine dealer. Raymarine will, except
as provided below, accept labor cost for a period of 2 years/24 months from the date of sale to end user.
During this period, except for certain products, travel costs (auto mileage and tolls) up to 100 round
trip highway miles (160 kilometers) and travel time of 2 hours, will be assumed by Raymarine only
on products where proof of installation or commission by authorized service agents, can be shown.
Warranty Limitations
Raymarine Warranty policy does not apply to equipment which has been subjected to accident, abuse
or misuse, shipping damage, alterations, corrosion, incorrect and/or non-authorized service, or
equipment on which the serial number has been altered, mutilated or removed.
Except where Raymarine or its authorized dealer has performed the installation, it assumes no
responsibility for damage incurred during installation.
This Warranty does not cover routine system checkouts or alignment/calibration, unless required by
replacement of part(s) in the area being aligned.
A suitable proof of purchase, showing date, place, and serial number must be made available to
Raymarine or authorized service agent at the time of request for Warranty service.
Consumable items, (such as: Chart paper, lamps, fuses, batteries, styli, stylus/drive belts, radar mixer
crystals/diodes, snap-in impeller carriers, impellers, impeller bearings, and impeller shaft) are
specifically excluded from this Warranty.
Magnetrons, Cathode Ray Tubes (CRT), TFT Liquid Crystal Displays (LCD) and cold cathode
fluorescent lamps (CCFL), hailer horns and transducers are warranted for 1 year/12 months from date
of sale. These items must be returned to a Raymarine facility.
All costs associated with transducer replacement, other than the cost of the transducer itself, are
specifically excluded from this Warranty.
Overtime premium labor portion of services outside of normal working hours is not covered by this
Warranty.
Travel cost allowance on certain products with a suggested retail price below $2500.00 is not
authorized. When/or if repairs are necessary, these products must be forwarded to a Raymarine facility
or an authorized dealer at owner’s expense will be returned via surface carrier at no cost to the owner.
Travel costs other than auto mileage, tolls and two (2) hours travel time, are specifically excluded on
all products. Travel costs which are excluded from the coverage of this Warranty include but are not
limited to: taxi, launch fees, aircraft rental, subsistence, customs, shipping and communication charges
etc. Travel costs, mileage and time, in excess to that allowed must have prior approval in writing.
TO THE EXTENT CONSISTENT WITH STATE AND FEDERAL LAW:
(1) THIS WARRANTY IS STRICTLY LIMITED TO THE TERMS INDICATED HEREIN, AND
NO OTHER WARRANTIES OR REMEDIES SHALL BE BINDING ON RAYMARINE
INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION ANY WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABLE OR
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
(2) Raymarine shall not be liable for any incidental, consequential or special (including punitive or
multiple) damages.
All Raymarine products sold or provided hereunder are merely aids to navigation. It is the
responsibility of the user to exercise discretion and proper navigational skill independent of any
Raymarine equipment.
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