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FACILITIES DESIGN MANUAL
February 2002
REGISTRATION SHEET
Please complete this sheet and return it to the address below. This will register you as
a Facilities Design Manual holder and ensure that you receive addenda and revisions
as they become available.
Name:
Name of Firm or
F.D.O.T. District:
Mailing Address:
Telephone No.:
(
)
Fax No.: (
)
Please return completed sheet to:
Florida Department of Transportation
Structures Design Office
Special Structures Section
605 Suwannee Street, MS 33
Tallahassee, FL 32399-0450
Tel:
Fax:
850-414-4255
850-488-6352
Suggestions and comments may also be sent to the above address. These should
include the specific section(s) referenced and may be attached as marked-up copies of
pages from the manual. Thank you.
Topic 625-020-016-a
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February 2002
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction ............................................................................................. i – xii
Chapter 1 – Project Development and Delivery................................1-1 – 1-6
Chapter 2 – Project Organization & Design Guidelines..................2-1 – 2-69
Section 2-1 – Project Organization................................................... 2-3
Section 2-2 – General Design Guidelines ...................................... 2-25
Chapter 3 – Facility Specific Guidelines .........................................3-1 – 3-66
Appendices .................................................................................... A-1 – A-23
Introduction
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INTRODUCTION
FACILITIES DESIGN GUIDELINES
I.1
Purpose
This document describes the Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) guidelines
and requirements for providing professional Architectural & Engineering (A&E)
consulting services for building facility projects to the Department. The criteria herein
are generally based on the Architect=s Handbook of Professional Practice, Volume
2, published by The American Institute of Architects and industry standards-of-practice.
They are intended to assist the Design Professional to fulfill his/her responsibilities to
the Department.
For further information or questions regarding the Department=s policies and/or
procedures, contact the Department=s Project Manager (FDOT staff appointed to direct
the project.)
These Guidelines are intended to support Ch. 481 Florida Statutes (the >Architects
Practice Act=). All building design work is subject to the requirements of this Act. It is
the Department=s policy to enter into a single contract with a single consulting firm when
contracting for architectural services. The Architect is obligated by the Act to obtain
those related services for which s/he is not qualified to perform.
I.2
Authority
Chapter 334.044, Florida Statutes
Chapter 335.02, Florida Statutes
Chapter 255.251-255.257, Florida Statutes
Chapter 255.30, Florida Statutes
Chapter 255.501, Florida Statutes
Chapter 553, Florida Statutes
I.3
Scope
The Facilities Design Guidelines serves as a technical reference for the Facilities
Design Team. These Guidelines are intended to assist the Design Team in recognizing
those key issues that are interdependent and critical to the success of the project, and
in producing designs compatible with FDOT=s preferred details, construction methods,
CADD standards, and building sizes. The intent of standardizing construction elements
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is to provide a mechanism to build economical building projects. These Guidelines
address project management, coordination, design, and execution of work.
Primarily, these Guidelines are tailored to the design of prototype building facilities.
Compliance with these requirements is mandatory for FDOT building projects and for
other projects as directed by the Project Manager. Deviations from the requirements of
Guidelines must be requested in writing to, and approved in writing by, the Project
Manager.
Codes, regulations, standards and project requirements are subject to change from
time to time due to changes in state and local governments, the codes and authorities
having jurisdiction over the Work. Additionally, each Project has unique requirements
that may result in design changes to accommodate site conditions.
I.4
Acknowledgments
The Facilities Design Guidelines are published by the Florida Department of
Transportation, Structures Design Office, Special Structures Section. We wish to
acknowledge the diligent effort of the participants for composing this document.
Jack Evans, Assistant State Structures Design Engineer
Dean Perkins, Special Structures Architect
Mike George, Special Structures Architect
Mark Weigly, Special Structures Architectural Support
Mick Corrick, Special Structures Architectural Support
Technical data, illustrations, and procedures have been extracted from publications of
trade associations, professional societies, building product manufacturer's, architectural
firms and engineering firms. We acknowledge and thank those organizations for the
valuable contributions to this document. (When noted below, "Current [email protected] means
the edition adopted by the jurisdiction at the time of project implementation.)
American Concrete Institute
American Institute of Architects - Architect=s Handbook of Professional Practice
American Society for Testing and Materials - ASTM Standards
Southern Building Code Congress International - Standard Building Codes
Brick Institute of America
DMS – Standards for Design of State Facilities
Florida Concrete Products Association
FDOT - Standard Specifications for Road and Bridge Construction
FDOT - Plans Preparation Manual (English) (Topic No. 625-00-007 & 625-00-008)
FDOT - Design Standards (Topic No. 625 010-003)
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FDOT - Structures Design Guidelines - LFD (Topic No. 625-020-152)
FDOT - Structures Standard Drawings (Topic No. 625-020-300)
National Concrete Masonry Association
National Electrical Code (current edition)
National Fire Protection Association - Life Safety Code (current edition)
Portland Cement Association - Concrete Masonry Handbook
South Florida Building Code
I.5
Document Organization and Use
This document is organized into 4 parts:
Chapter 1 - Project Development and Delivery
Chapter 2 – Project Organization & Design Guidelines
Section 2.1 - Project Organization
Section 2.2 - Design Guidelines
Chapter 3 - Facility-Specific Guidelines
Appendices
The Project Development & Delivery chapter describes how projects are organized and
the phases of building project delivery from Planning through Post-Occupancy. The
Project Organization & Design Guidelines and the Appendices are intended to apply to
all building projects. The Facility-Specific Guidelines apply only to those specific types
of facilities (i.e., rest areas, offices, weigh stations, etc.)
Users of this document are encouraged to become familiar with those portions that are
applicable to their individual project(s). Compliance with these guidelines is mandatory
unless otherwise directed in writing by the Project Manager.
I.6
Conflicts with these Guidelines
Notify the Project Manager, in writing, of any conflicts associated with the use of these
Guidelines that are contrary to normal design practice.
I.7
Updates
The State Structures Engineer will issue Periodic revisions and updates to these
Guidelines. Revisions will be coordinated with various user groups and reviewed for
consistency by the Organization, Form and Procedures Office, prior to release. Use the
version of the Guidelines in effect at the time of A/E contract execution.
I.8
Abbreviations, Definitions and Standards
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The following abbreviations, definitions and industry standards apply throughout this
document.
1.8.1 Abbreviations used in these Guidelines
ADA
Americans with Disabilities Act
A/E
Architectural / Engineering Consultant
AFF
Above Finish Floor
AIA
American Institute of Architects
AHPP
Architect=s Handbook of Professional Practice, (AIA)
CADD
Computer-Aided Design & Drafting
CCC
Coastal Construction Code
CEI
Construction Engineering Inspection
CES
Computer Estimating System (FDOT)
CMU
Concrete Masonry Unit
CSI
Construction Specification Institute
Department Florida Department of Transportation
D/CE
Department Construction Engineer
DMS
Department of Management Services
DEP
Department of Environmental Protection
FACBC
Florida Accessibility Code for Building Construction
FBC
Florida Building Code
FCO
Fixed Capital Outlay
FDOT
Florida Department of Transportation
GSF
Gross Square Feet
NSF
Net Square Feet
SBC
Standard Building Code
SF
Square Foot/Feet
SFBC/B
South Florida Building Code/Broward County Edition
SFBC/D
South Florida Building Code/Dade County Edition
SFM
State Fire Marshal's Office
STO
State Technology Office
1.8.2 Definitions
Definitions under this Section are not necessarily complete; rather, they may be more
explicitly defined within each Division, Section or Article of the Technical Special
Provisions.
Approved: The term "Approved" when used in conjunction with the Consultant=s action
on the Contractor's submittals shall be interpreted as "Positive Action, No Exception
Taken" and shall be limited to the authority delegated to the Consultant(s) acting within
the scope of the duties assigned to him by the Contract Documents. The term
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"approved" where used in conjunction with the Consultant=s action on the Contractor's
applications and requests is limited to the responsibilities and duties of the Consultant
stated in FDOT Standard Specifications edition at time of contract and accepted
modifications thereof. Such Positive Action and/or approval by the Consultant shall not
relieve the Contractor from responsibility to fulfill all the requirements as set forth and
delineated in the Contract Documents, unless modified otherwise by supplemental
agreements.
Beneficial Occupancy: Does not allow full occupancy as the Certificate of Occupancy
has not been issued by the DMS; however, the stage of completeness allows the FDOT
to install equipment, systems and furnishings in preparation for conducting intended
operations.
Building: That portion of the project that is within 5 feet of the drip-line of a structure
that is designed for human occupancy or use.
This ‘building’ definition DOES include:
• Roof overhangs, including projected awnings, porticos, canopies, etc.
• Pad-mounted electrical transformers adjacent to and servicing the structure
• Appurtenant structures designed for materials storage or housing equipment
(generators, lawn maintenance, etc.) or other similar uses
• 'Building' systems and components including: architectural, structural, electrical,
mechanical, etc.
This ‘building’ definition does NOT include:
• A tender house on a moveable bridge -- this is part of the bridge structure
• Water or wastewater treatment facilities -- these are site/civil/mechanical facilities
• Landscape architecture -- these are site/civil materials
Conformity of Work with Standards: Industry quality and performance Standards
shall apply to the projects used and construction performed, except where the Contract
Documents specify more stringent requirements; Industry Standards, as referenced in
the contract documents, shall impart equal force and effect as if bound or copied
directly into the Contract Documents. Referenced Standards shall take precedence
over other recognized Industry Standards.
Conflicting Requirements: Where two or more codes or standards establish
conflicting requirements affecting the minimum standards for quality, quantity, and
performance levels, the most stringent requirement shall govern.
Contract Documents: Consist of the Special Provisions; Technical Special Provisions
(specifications); Drawings; FDOT Roadway Design, Structures and Traffic Operations
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Standards; Supplemental Specifications; and FDOT Standard Specifications; in that
order.
DOR (Designer of Record): Either the Architect or the Engineer in charge of and
responsible for each design discipline who has affixed his/her signature and
professional seal to the appropriate construction document(s).
Experienced: In conjunction with "installer", refers to previous work history in
successful performance of the work by the individual, company or corporate entity
contracting for the work. The minimum previous experience requirement shall be not
less than three (3) years of satisfactory performance of this specialized work and
successfully completing five (5) previous projects of similar size, scope and design,
incorporating similar materials and systems.
Facilities Design Team – The interoffice team of FDOT and Consultant staff who
participate in the Design phase of the project.
Furnish: Means to supply all materials to be incorporated in the work under this
Contract including delivery to the Project site, prearranged to accommodate offloading, unpacking, assembly, installation and other on-site operations.
Indicated: Refers to graphic and/or narrative representations, on the Drawings,
Specifications Sections, Articles, Paragraphs, Schedules and all similar requirements of
the Contract Documents.
Install: Describes operations at the project site which include but are not limited to,
unloading, unpacking, assembly, erection, placing, anchoring, applying, working to
dimension, finishing, curing, protecting, cleaning and all other operations to complete
and finish the construction.
Installer: A Sub-trade entity employed by the Contractor to execute a specific portion of
the work in a specialized field of expertise.
Minimum: Values expressed in quantities, quality, dimensions, or tolerances, shall
constitute the minimum acceptable standards determining conformance to the
prescribed target values or midpoint of the target range. The intent of the Contract
Documents is that the materials and the workmanship will be in conformance with a
standard of uniformity in execution, to realistically achieve the prescribed target values
established for the Project. Executed work not in accordance with the requirements of
the Contract Documents, resulting in sub-standard, unsatisfactory products or systems,
or unacceptable in-place work shall, under direction of the Project Manager in
coordination with the Architect, be removed, replaced, or corrected in accordance with
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an approved repair procedure, and all associated costs resulting therefrom shall be
borne by the Contractor.
Project Manager – The FDOT staff assigned to manage the project. This person may
change as the project progresses through its development phases (planning & design,
construction, occupancy & maintenance, etc.)
Provide: To furnish and install, complete and ready for use. Manufacturer's products,
components, accessories comprising an assembly or system not specifically mentioned
or shown in the Contract Documents, but conspicuously essential to produce a
complete functioning installation or system, is considered part of the Work and shall be
provided and included in the Work, at no additional cost to the Department.
Shown, Noted, Scheduled, Specified: Such terms are used to assist in locating the
reference; no limitation on location is intended except as specifically noted.
Testing Laboratories: An independent entity engaged to perform specific inspections
or tests, at the project site, the plant or point of origin and to forward the results of such
inspections and tests to the CEI. Project Engineer.
Trade Association Standards: Trade Associations are Nationally recognized by the
Construction Industry, as the Standards generating organization given authority to
develop and maintain industry adopted standards. Trade Association names and titles
of general standards are frequently abbreviated. Wherever abbreviations are used in
the Contract Documents they infer the recognized name of the Trade Association.
Work – In the context of this document means the project assignments appropriate to
the project phase. This is intended as an inclusive term to incorporate all activities
needed to fulfill project requirements.
1.8.3 Trade Associations:
The following Trade Association abbreviations, when followed by a number or letter
designation, or combination thereof, shall be understood to designate a procedure, test
method, code or recommendation of the particular authority or organization so shown or
referenced.
AA
AABC
AAMA
AAN
AASHTO
Introduction
ALUMINUM ASSOCIATION
ASSOCIATED AIR BALANCE COUNCIL
AMERICAN ARCHITECTURAL MANUFACTURER'S ASSOCIATION
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF NURSERYMEN
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF STATE HIGHWAY AND
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AATCC
ACI
ACIL
ACPA
ADC
AFPA
AGCA
AHA
AIA
AISC
AISI
AITC
AMCA
ANSI
APA
ARI
ARMA
ASA
ASC
ASCE
ASHRAE
ASME
ASPE
ASSE
ASTM
AWI
AWPA
AWPB
AWS
AWWA
BHMA
BIA
CISPI
CTI
DHI
EIA
FCCHR
FGMA
FM
Introduction
February 2002
TRANSPORTATION OFFICIALS
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF TEXTILE CHEMISTS AND
COLORISTS
AMERICAN CONCRETE INSTITUTE
AMERICAN COUNCIL OF INDEPENDENT LABORATORIES
AMERICAN CONCRETE PIPE ASSOCIATION
AIR DIFFUSION COUNCIL
AMERICAN FOREST PRODUCT ASSOCIATION
ASSOCIATED GENERAL CONTRACTORS OF AMERICA
AMERICAN HARDWARE ASSOCIATION
AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS
AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION
AMERICAN IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE
AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF TIMBER CONSTRUCTION
AIR MOVEMENT AND CONTROL ASSOCIATION
AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARDS INSTITUTE
AMERICAN PLYWOOD ASSOCIATION
AIR CONDITIONING AND REFRIGERATION INSTITUTE
ASPHALT ROOFING MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION
ACOUSTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA
ADHESIVE AND SEALANT COUNCIL
AMERICAN SOCIETYOF CONSULTING ENGINEERS
AMERICAN SOCIETY OF HEATING, REFRIGERATING AND
AIR CONDITIONING ENGINEERS
AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS
AMERICAN SOCIETY OF PLUMBING ENGINEERS
AMERICAN SOCIETY OF SANITARY ENGINEERING
AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR TESTING AND MATERIALS
ARCHITECTURAL WOODWORK INSTITUTE
AMERICAN WOOD PRESERVERS' ASSOCIATION
AMERICAN WOOD PRESERVERS' BUREAU
AMERICAN WELDING SOCIETY
AMERICAN WATER WORKS ASSOCIATION
BUILDERS' HARDWARE MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION
BRICK INSTITUTE OF AMERICA
CAST IRON SOIL PIPE INSTITUTE
CERAMIC TILE INSTITUTE OF AMERICA
DOOR AND HARDWARE INSTITUTE
ELECTRONIC INDUSTRIES ASSOCIATION
FOUNDATION FOR CROSS CONNECTION CONTROL AND
HYDRAULIC RESEARCH
FLAT GLASS MARKETING ASSOCIATION
FACTORY MUTUAL ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH
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IEC
IES
IEEE
IPCEA
HI
MBMA
MISS
NAAMM
NAPHCC
NCMA
NDS
NEC
NECA
NEMA
NFPA
NPA
NWWDA
PCI
PDI
SDI
S.D.I.
SIGMA
SJl
SMACNA
SPIB
SSPC
TCA
TPI
UL
February 2002
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
ILLUMINATING ENGINEERING SOCIETY
INSTITUTE OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERS
INSULATED POWER CABLE ENGINEERS ASSOCIATION
HYDRAULIC INSTITUTE
METAL BUILDING MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION
MANUFACTURERS STANDARDIZATION SOCIETY OF VALVE
AND FITTINGS INDUSTRY
NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF ARCHITECTURAL METAL
MANUFACTURERS
NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF PLUMBING - HEATING - COOLING
CONTRACTORS
NATIONAL CONCRETE MASONRY ASSOCIATION
NATIONAL DESIGN SPECIFICATION FOR WOOD CONSTRUCTION
NATIONAL ELECTRICAL CODE (BY NFPA)
NATIONAL ELECTRICAL CONTRACTORS ASSOCIATION
NATIONAL ELECTRICAL MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION
NATIONAL FIRE PROTECTION ASSOCIATION
NATIONAL PARTICLEBOARD ASSOCIATION
NATIONAL WOOD WINDOW AND DOOR ASSOCIATION
(FORMERLY NWMA)
PRESTRESSED CONCRETE INSTITUTE
PLUMBING AND DRAINAGE INSTITUTE
STEEL DECK INSTITUTE
STEEL DOOR INSTITUTE
SEALED INSULATING GLASS MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION
STEEL JOIST INSTITUTE
SHEET METAL AND AIR CONDITIONING CONTRACTORS
NATIONAL ASSOCIATION
SOUTHERN PINE INSPECTION BUREAU
STEEL STRUCTURES PAINTING COUNCIL
TILE COUNCIL OF AMERICA
TRUSS PLATE INSTITUTE
UNDERWRITERS LABORATORIES
1.8.4 Federal Standards & Specifications:
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The following acronyms or abbreviations referenced in the Contract Documents indicate
names of standards- or specifications-producing agencies of the Federal Government.
COE
DOT
FHWA
FS
MIL
DOJ
1.9
CORPS OF ENGINEERS
DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION
FEDERAL SPECIFICATION
MILITARY STANDARDIZATION DOCUMENTS
DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
Forms
Contract Completion Report (FDOT Form 575-060-07; see Exhibit D, Page 2-22)
SAMPLE - Schedule of Contract Values (see Exhibit E, Pages 2-23 & 2-24)
SAMPLE - Rest Area Computation Form (see Appendix A.1)
Florida Energy Modeling Program (FEMP) - Summary Data Sheets (see Appendix A.5)
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Chapter 1
PROJECT DEVELOPMENT & DELIVERY
TABLE OF CONTENTS
General Requirements ..................................................................................1-3 – 1-6
1.1 Application ...............................................................................................1-3
1.2 Area Determination..................................................................................1-3
1.3 Registration Required ..............................................................................1-4
1.4 Coordination of Contract Documents.......................................................1-4
1.5 Phase of a Project ...................................................................................1-5
1.6 Project Delivery and Review Submittals ..................................................1-6
Project Development & Delivery
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CHAPTER 1 - PROJECT DEVELOPMENT & DELIVERY
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS:
1.1. Application
This Facilities Design Guidelines applies to the planning, design, production and
construction of building facility projects for the Department. Many Department projects
include multiple professional disciplines in their implementation: architecture, civil
engineering, mechanical engineering, electrical and systems engineering, structural
engineering, landscape architecture, etc. When projects include issues that may not be
typically determined to be architectural in nature (i.e., roadway issues, etc.), other
Department standards and specifications would also apply.
The Department has published the Standard Specifications for Road and Bridge
Construction. This document specifically applies to issues related to the site/civil and
bridge structural engineering disciplines.
The delineation between the application of the above Standard Specifications and
this Facilities Design Guidelines will typically be 5 feet outside the drip line of the
building or as noted on plans and specifications for the building project. In general,
site/civil issues outside this delineation will be governed by the requirements of the
Standard Specifications for Road and Bridge Construction. Items within this
delineation are governed by this Facilities Design Guidelines. Site components that
relate to the building facilities (i.e., wells, water-treatment facilities, waste-water
treatment facilities, picnic shelters, etc.) will also be governed by this Facilities Design
Guidelines.
Where project facilities, systems, or components cross this delineation, logical break
points will be used (i.e., for a sidewalk leading to the 'building' -- the delineation would
be where the sidewalk contacts the structure; for fencing or exterior walls -- the
delineation would be where the fence or wall abuts the structure; for waste piping -- the
delineation would be the cleanout; for water piping -- the delineation would be the main
valve; etc.) The plans or specifications shall note the location of the delineation line.
1.2. Area Determination
Designs for building projects are normally based on floor area requirements established
by the FDOT user unit, the district FCO coordinator, and the Project Manager. The floor
area is based on anticipated building occupancy and use. As a general rule, building
size is based on allowing 200 gsf / building occupant. Coordinate with the Project
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Manager to establish the facility program needs for the particular project.
Rest Area building floor area is based on the number of toilet fixtures required. The
number of toilet fixtures and parking spaces required at Rest Areas are computed
based on the 20-year design traffic of the highway. These computations shall be
performed on the Facilities Computation Form (see Appendix A.1, pages A-4 – A-6)
and shall become a part of the project file.
1.3
Registration Required
The construction of all new FDOT buildings or renovations and additions to existing
buildings require plans and specifications signed and sealed by a Registered Architect,
licensed to practice in the State of Florida per the requirements of Chapter 481 Florida
Statutes. The Architect shall retain appropriate sub-consultants to perform related
engineering services.
1.4
Coordination of Contract Documents
The drawings, technical special provisions and all other supplementary documents are
integral parts of the Consultant contract. A requirement occurring in one is as binding as
though occurring in all. They are intended to be complementary to describe and provide
for a complete work.
In case of discrepancies, the governing order of the documents shall be as follows:
1.
Special Provisions
2.
Technical Special Provisions (specifications)
3.
Plans (drawings)
4.
Roadway Design, Structures and Traffic Operations Standards
5.
Developmental Specifications
6.
Supplemental Specifications
7.
Standard Specifications
Computed dimensions govern over scaled dimensions.
All technical specifications developed by the Consultant shall be entitled "Technical
Special Provisions".
The Department provides Special Provisions, Supplemental Specifications, and
Standard Specifications to the Consultant.
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February 2002
Phases of a Building Project
Pre-design & Programming (Phase I): Consultant additional services. If required by
the Department, the Consultant consults with the Department to ascertain those
services necessary to establish the program requirements and limitations for the project
prior to beginning design.
Schematic Design (Phase II): Consultant basic services. In this phase the Consultant
reviews the project program, consults with the Department to clarify the requirements of
the project program. The Consultant prepares schematic design studies consisting of
drawings and other documents illustrating the scale and relationship of the project
components for Department approval.
Design Development (Phase III): Consultant basic services. In this phase the
Consultant prepares for Department approval the design development documents
consisting of drawings and other documents to describe the size and character of the
entire project including civil, architectural, structural, mechanical, and electrical systems.
Materials descriptions/specifications and other essentials as may be appropriate will
also be included in this phase for Department approval.
Construction Documents (Phase IV): Consultant basic services. In this phase the
Consultant prepares the working drawings (plans) and specifications (technical special
provisions) and the technical information required for bidding for Department approval.
Bidding and Construction Contract Award (Phase V): Consultant basic services. In
this phase the Consultant will assist the Department in preparing bid documents
executing the bid process by responding to contractor questions, and developing
clarification documents (addenda, revisions.) Consultant will also assist the Department
during contract preparation and construction contract award process.
Construction Administration (Phase VI): Consultant basic services. In this phase the
Consultant will perform those Phase VI services described in the consultant contract.
i.e., shop drawing review, site and construction inspections, participate in monthly
progress meetings conducted by the CEI/Department, responding to Requests for
Information (RFI’s) etc.
Substantial Completion: The date certified by the Consultant when the work, or
a designated portion thereof is sufficiently complete, in accordance with the
contract documents, so the owner may beneficially occupy the work for the use
for which it was intended. Agencies having jurisdiction and Department
concurrence are required.
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Final Completion: The date certified by the Consultant when the work is
complete in all particulars and all contract requirements have been met.
Agencies having jurisdiction and Department concurrence is required. Certificate
of Completions will be issued by the local building official (or DMS) in
consultation with the SFM.
Post Construction (Phase VII): Consultant basic services. In this phase the
Consultant will perform those services described in the contract. i.e., assist with final
documentation, etc. (e.g. record drawings, equipment warranties, and maintenance
manual verification.)
1.6
Project Delivery and Review Submittals:
Consultant services required for the design and construction period of the building(s), or
portion(s) thereof, shall be performed in project phases as defined above.
Each design phase will require the submittal of five (5) sets of the Design Phase
documents for Department review and approval, unless otherwise directed by the
Department=s Project Manager/ Engineer/ Architect.
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Chapter 2
PROJECT ORGANIZATION &
GENERAL DESIGN GUIDELINES
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Section 2-A – Project Organization................................................................2-1 – 2-26
2.1 Codes, Rules & Regulations.........................................................................2-3
2.2 Permits and Inspections ...............................................................................2-4
2.3 Standard Document Requirements ..............................................................2-6
2.4 Pre-design Services - Phase I ......................................................................2-7
2.5 Schematic Design - Phase II ........................................................................2-9
2.6 Design Development - Phase III.................................................................2-10
2.7 Construction Documents - Phase IV ..........................................................2-13
2.8 Bid Phase - Phase V ..................................................................................2-14
2.9 Construction Administration - Phase VI......................................................2-15
2.10 Post Construction Services - Phase VII......................................................2-18
Exhibits ................................................................................................................2-20
Section 2-B – General Design Guidelines ...................................................2-27 – 2-72
Division 1 – General ...........................................................................................2-29
Division 2 – Sitework............................................................................................2-37
Division 3 – Concrete...........................................................................................2-44
Division 4 – Masonry............................................................................................2-45
Division 5 – Metals...............................................................................................2-45
Division 6 -- Wood & Plastic ................................................................................2-46
Division 7 – Thermal & Moisture Protection.........................................................2-46
Division 8 – Doors & Windows.............................................................................2-50
Division 9 – Finishes ............................................................................................2-53
Division 10 – Specialties ......................................................................................2-54
Division 11 – Equipment ......................................................................................2-54
Division 12 – Furnishings.....................................................................................2-54
Division 13 – Special Construction ......................................................................2-53
Division 14 – Conveying Systems........................................................................2-53
Division 15 – Mechanical .....................................................................................2-55
Division 16 – Electrical.........................................................................................2-62
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Section 2-A
PROJECT ORGANIZATION
2.1
CODES, RULES, and REGULATIONS
2.1.1
General
Certification: The Consultant shall provide with each design review submittal a listing
of codes, rules, regulations, and standards that are applicable to the project.
2.1.2
Applicable Codes, Rules, Regulations, and Standards
The following agencies have statutory authority over the design and construction of
publicly owned and leased buildings in Florida. Each has specific requirements with
which the Consultant shall comply.
1.
Building Codes: The Local Building Official, or in some cases the Department
of Management Services (DMS), have jurisdiction over building code issues.
The Local Building Official will issue the Building Permit and conduct building
inspections during the course of building construction.
2.
Energy, Life-Cycle Analysis of Components & Systems: The Local Building
Official has jurisdiction over energy code issues. The state has the Florida
Energy Modeling Program (FEMP) that is used for all new building construction
and building additions. FEMP calculations and forms must be submitted with
Plans Review submittals and Building Permit Applications.
3.
Fire Codes: The State Fire Marshal (SFM) has jurisdiction over fire and life
safety issues. "Plans Review and Permitting Requirements", Appendix A-4,
describes the requirements of the SFM.
4.
Environmental Permits: The Department of Environmental Protection (DEP),
the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and regional Water Management Districts
have authority over certain environmental issues. The Design Consultant is
responsible for obtaining current rules and regulations, as well as appropriate
permit applications that may pertain to and affect the project.
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5.
Zoning and Comprehensive Planning: Local governments have or will adopt
comprehensive development plans and zoning regulations as required by
Florida Statutes. The Department is obligated to develop property in
accordance with these adopted plans and codes, and obtain review and
approvals, including variances as required. The Consultant shall coordinate
these issues to ensure that the project meets local requirements.
6.
Well and Storm Water Management: Water Management Districts and local
health departments have jurisdiction over certain environmental issues. The
Design Consultant is responsible for obtaining current rules and regulations, as
well as proper permit applications that may pertain to and affect the project.
7.
Use and Development Permits: Certain use and development permits are
required by local, state, and/or federal agencies prior to commencement of
construction. These permits, covering items such as sewage, water, air quality,
and other environmental issues, etc. shall be obtained prior to release of
documents for bidding. It is the responsibility of the Consultant to identify, apply
for, and secure such permits on behalf of the Department. (The Contractor
obtains the Building Permit from the Local Building Official.)
The Consultant shall work closely with the Fire Department serving the project area,
and accommodate their fire fighting methods, equipment, connections, etc..
2.1.3
Approvals
It is the responsibility of the Consultant to assure that the development of the project is
fully coordinated with the above agencies and that all approvals may be readily
obtained. It is the responsibility of the Consultant to obtain approvals and permits from
the agencies having jurisdiction at the appropriate phase of the project.
2.2
PERMITS AND INSPECTIONS
The Consultant is responsible for paying for permit fees for Code Enforcement plans
reviews by the Local Building Official (or DMS) and the State Fire Marshal; and
environmental, well and stormwater and use and development permits. The Consultant
shall include these fees in his/her price proposal.
The Consultant is responsible for submitting final working drawings and technical
special provisions (specifications) to the Local Building Official and the State Fire
Marshal's offices for code enforcement review and approval.
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The successful building Contractor is responsible for applying to the Local Building
Official (or DMS) for all Building Permits for the project and for paying for building permit
and inspection fees. The Contractor shall include these fees in his/her bid cost.
2.2.1
Local Building Officials
The Local Building Official (or DMS) is the building permitting and inspection agency for
State building construction projects. The Local Building Official reviews the construction
plans and specifications and inspects all phases of construction for conformance to
state and national code compliance. Inspection by and approval of the Local Building
Official is intended to ensure that construction complies with applicable building codes,
but does not relieve the Consultant, Contractor or FDOT from complying with the
building codes, standards and regulations.
The Local Building Official provides inspection on FDOT building construction to
enforce code compliance. The Local Building Official, in consultation with the State Fire
Marshal=s Office, will issue a Certificate of Occupancy upon final inspection and
approval of the construction. Local Building Official submittal requirements may vary.
The A/E Consultant is responsible for complying with the submittal requirements of the
appropriate code enforcement authority. (See Appendix A.3 for DMS submittal
requirements and fee schedule as an example – local requirements may vary.)
2.2.2
State Fire Marshal
The Department of Insurance, Division of State Fire Marshal is the review and
inspection agency for State building construction projects for conformance to the Life
Safety Code and other Fire Safety Standards prior to construction or change of
occupancy. SFM may inspect state owned and state leased spaces as necessary prior
to occupancy or during construction, renovation, or alteration to ascertain compliance
with the uniform fire safety standards. The Local Building Official will not issue a
Certificate of Occupancy (CO) until the SFM inspects and approves the construction
work.
See Appendix A.4 for SFM submittal requirements, fee schedule and submittal
checklist.
2.2.3
FDOT Project Manager
The FDOT Project Manager functions as the responsible party for Department facility
construction. The project manager ensures Consultant compliance to the Consultant
Contract in the execution of the Work.
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The FDOT is the final approving authority for its building construction projects
statewide.
2.3
STANDARD DOCUMENT REQUIREMENTS
2.3.1
Drawing Document Size
Plan sheets shall be sized in customary units; i.e. 11" x 17" (size B) or 22" x 34" (size D)
as directed by the Project Manager. The viewing area of a plan sheet will be 15½” long
on size B and 31” long on size D. All design and construction plans shall be printed in a
horizontal (landscape) format. Drawing scale and layout shall be adjusted to suit the
selected format.
2.3.2
Technical Special Provisions Document Size
All technical special provisions, specifications, and special provisions shall be printed in
an 82" x 11" vertical (portrait) format. Any oversize sheets shall be folded to fit within
the specified format.
2.3.3
Lettering, Text and Symbols (also see CADD Standards)
1. All lettering on drawings shall be vertical or italics uppercase, and shall be plain, free
of adornment, and legible; minimum font size shall be 3/32".
2. All text for technical special provisions (specifications) shall be minimum 12 pt. Font,
single-spaced, with 1" margins.
3. All symbols shall be clearly separated from one another and from adjacent lettering
or lines. Each symbol shall be clearly identified and described in a legend.
2.3.4
Drawing Scale (also see CADD Standards)
Drawing scales shall be ENGLISH, located directly under the title of each plan,
elevation, section, detail, etc. Graphic scales shall be included on each sheet to
facilitate reduction or enlargement.
2.3.5
Key Sheet
The text and format of Key (title) sheets, and title pages of drawing documents shall
comply with the provisions of the Plans Preparation Manual (see Exhibits A and B,
pages 2-20 & 2-21.)
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Title Block
The Title Block on each drawing sheet shall appear at the bottom right margin. It shall
contain the information described in the Plans Preparation Manual (see Exhibit C, page
2-22.)
2.3.7
Signature and Seal
All final reproducible drawing sheets of the documents submitted by the Consultant
shall bear the appropriate professional signature, discipline and license number. In
addition, all reproduced sets of the construction documents and reports prepared or
issued by registered architects or engineers being filed to public record shall be signed,
sealed, and dated in conformance with Chapters 471 and 481, Florida Statutes.
The cover sheet and the Contents sheet(s) of the Technical Special Provisions
(specifications) shall be signed, sealed, and dated. All pages shall be consecutively
numbered by division/section.
2.3.8
Drawing Arrangement
The drawings shall be arranged by subject category.
1. Key Sheet
2. Civil/Site Plans
3. Architectural Plans
4. Structural Plans
5. Mechanical Plans
6. Plumbing Plans
7. Fire Protection Plans
8. Electrical Plans
9. Landscape Plans
10. Other Plans
Note: All demolition work plans shall precede all new work plans.
2.3.9
Technical Special Provision Organization
The Technical Special Provisions (specifications) shall be organized using the 16
division Uniform Construction Index (UCI) as established by the American Institute of
Architects (AIA) in its [email protected] format or the Construction Specifications Institute
(CSI) in its [email protected] format.
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2.3.10 Drawing Development
The Consultant shall provide all design and construction drawings using a computeraided design and drafting (CADD) system compatible with AutoCAD (.dwg) file format,
or Microstation (.dgn) file format, as follows:
The "building" portion(s) of a project (see Definitions, page vi in Introduction)
designed must be developed and submitted in AutoCAD .dwg (R-14 or later) format.
All other portions of the project must be developed and submitted in MicroStation
.dgn (v.7, "J" or later) format.
Individual drawing sheets shall be appropriately composed, without overcrowding of
elements. Drafting techniques for symbols, abbreviations and nomenclature shall be
consistent with industry standards.
2.4
PRE-DESIGN SERVICES - Phase I
2.4.1 General
Pre-design services may, at the Department=s option, be required. In this phase, the
Consultant shall consult with the Department to determine those services necessary to
establish: 1) the facility program and 2) the budget and time constraints for the project.
2.4.2 Pre-design Services
1. Project Administration: consisting of initial consultation, project research,
conferences, progress reports, etc.
2. Agency Consulting/Review/Approval: consisting of code research, reporting,
appearances on behalf of FDOT at various project meetings, etc.
3. Owner Data Coordination: consisting of review of existing drawings, equipment list,
and other documents.
4. Master Planning for multiple facilities within a site.
5. Facility Programming: including site requirements, special equipment and
systems, space relationships, etc.
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6. Existing Facilities Surveys: including photos, field measurements, analysis of
existing structural, mechanical, electrical, and plumbing systems, etc.
7. Project Development Scheduling: consisting of establishing schedules for
documentation, design, decision-making based on Consultant services and owner
responsibilities.
8. Presentations of Pre-design analysis and recommendations to FDOT.
2.5
SCHEMATIC DESIGN - Phase II
2.5.1 General
In the Schematic Design Phase, the Consultant shall prepare Site Analysis and
Schematic Design Documents consisting of drawings and other documents illustrating
the general scope, scale and relationship of project components for approval by the
Department. Designs shall be conceptual in character based on: 1) program
requirements provided by the Department and reviewed and agreed upon by the
Consultant or 2) program requirements developed by the Consultant and the
Department.
2.5.2 Schematic Design
1.
A narrative description, analysis, and sketches of the design and construction
concepts for site, architectural, structural, mechanical (HVAC and plumbing), fire
protection, electrical, security, communications, and electronic systems
2.
A plan showing how the project fits into the master plan for facility development.
3.
Site plan showing existing and proposed roads, pedestrian and vehicular
circulation, utility systems, landscape architecture and special site features. All
existing and proposed R/W required for the project shall be shown.
4.
Studies relative to the site: its topography, ecology, botanical and other relevant
features contributing to the solution or requiring alterations of the existing site.
5.
A description of land use, zoning, or other factors restricting development, as
well recommendations to resolve them.
6.
Results of fire flow test (as appropriate) run to determine if water service
improvements are necessary to handle fire protection requirements.
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7.
Determination of building occupancy used to establish structural load
requirements, plumbing fixture counts, etc.
8.
Floor plans, building elevations, sections, and sketches necessary to adequately
present the design concept.
9.
If the project is an addition, or otherwise related to existing buildings on the site,
the plans shall show them and their general arrangement and relationships.
10.
Mechanical, electrical, and computerized building management systems, and
equipment, presented in suitable detail and accompanied by a schematic format
to enable an energy design submission of a Florida Energy Modeling Program
(FEMP) analysis in compliance with the Florida Energy Conservation in Buildings
Act, (See Vol. III of the Energy Conservation Guide.)
11.
Specific layouts of complex areas such as mechanical rooms, computer rooms,
conference rooms, operational areas, ceiling layouts, etc.
12.
Description of the features and provisions provided in the facility for use by
persons with disabilities in compliance with the ADA and the Florida Accessibility
Code for Building Construction.
13.
Details sufficient to describe the work.
14.
Description of the provisions to be taken to satisfy acoustic requirements.
15.
Outline specifications, using CSI/AIA format.
16.
Provide a review of codes that impact the project, report specific
problems, and recommended solutions.
2.6
DESIGN DEVELOPMENT - Phase III
2.6.1 General
Upon approval of the Schematic Design & Site Analysis Phase, and authorization by
the Department, the Consultant shall proceed with the Design Development
documents.
The Consultant shall, with FDOT’s concurrence, schedule and conduct necessary
conferences and meetings with FDOT and other affected parties, to ensure that the
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project is developed in a coordinated manner. At these occasions the Consultant shall
present and explain the project in adequate detail, responding to all questions and
comments. The Consultant shall compile and provide minutes of all project meetings to
all attending parties.
The Consultant’s Design Development submission shall be of sufficient detail to fully
explain scope of the project in all of its particulars so as to be readily understandable.
The information consisting of drawings, cost estimates, specifications, design criteria,
and other data presented shall be coordinated and complementary.
If the Design Development documents are acceptable, FDOT project manager may
authorize the Consultant to proceed with the next phase.
2.6.2 Design Development
The Design Development documents shall include, but not be limited to the following
information:
1.
Site: Plans and information to include location, property & topographical surveys,
subsurface borings, ecological & botanical surveys, location & relationship of
permanent development features, environmental controls, buildings, roads,
walks, paths, parking areas, utilities services characteristics & distribution, utility
operation costs, emergency power systems, fire protection system, sewage
management system, storm water management, communications, structural
system, security system, irrigation system, landscaping, fencing, and traffic
control plan during construction.
2.
Building(s): Plans shall include a plan of each floor, exterior & interior
elevations, building sections, wall sections & details, schedules for finishes &
equipment, type & class of construction, large scale drawings of special
conditions, reflected ceiling plans, door & window schedules, safety equipment,
description of materials, color schemes & schedules, and other information
necessary to explain the design.
3.
Structural: Indicate foundation(s) type & conditions, required & maximum
foundation bearing capacity(s); floor plans showing framing plan, column sizes,
structural walls, and special conditions; structural building sections showing size
and relationships between columns, beams, and other structural components;
structural details and schedules; limiting load capacities; design loads for wind,
seismic, live & dead loading; reinforcing bar schedule (where applicable), other
data required to fully explain the structural system.
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4.
Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning (HVAC); Provide floor plans showing
equipment & duct work horizontal layout; building sections showing vertical
location & relationship of equipment & duct work with building structure; provide
design criteria for all systems; indicate type of control system; delineate control
zones; describe all aspects of the various components of all systems; design
calculations.
5.
Plumbing: Provide design and information for drinking water distribution and
waste water collection systems; provide preliminary layout of systems including
elevations and line sizes; plans showing horizontal and vertical services with
sizes; fixtures and equipment; water pressure and volume requirements;
additional details and information necessary to fully describe the complete
systems.
Electrical: indicate source of service to project site; service entrance,
transformer location(s), phase and voltage; provide panel schedules &
schematics showing lighting, power, equipment, special equipment; provide total
connected load calculations with demand factor(s); location of all electrical
panels & switch gear; location of all switches, lighting fixtures, and receptacles;
show all circuits with number, size, and type of conductors; provide for protective
devices, and emergency systems; provide for low voltage communication
system, and other electrical systems requirements.
6.
7.
Communications, Electronics, Instrumentation: Provide systems design
schematics and information for proposed intercom, telephone, public address,
television, radio communications, computers, electronic communications,
protective alarm, emergency response, and their respective antenna structures
and locations; also any other data or systems called for in the program. Indicate
equipment and instrumentation arrangement and space requirements including
racks, consoles, and mountings; wiring and cable requirements; power and
lighting requirements including emergency and standby requirements; air
conditioning, humidity, and dust control requirements; bonding and grounding
requirements.
8.
Fire Protection: Provide plans and information showing horizontal and vertical
layouts service hydrants, stand pipes and test valves; risers and hose cabinets;
sprinkler system and type (wet or dry), including water pressure and volume,
special systems (foam, carbon dioxide, etc.); hazard rating and insurance rating;
other necessary data. Show results of fire flow tests.
9.
Special Equipment: show location and type of special equipment.
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Security Systems: show key elements of system - monitoring, access, and
control equipment, etc.
Provide such other data as deemed necessary to explain the design concept and
Design Development documents.
2.6.3 Design Development Checklist
Refer to the AIA AHPP, Vol. 2, Ch. 2.5, Appendix C, for Design Development document
checklist.
2.7
CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENTS - Phase IV
2.7.1 General
Subsequent to the approval of the Design Development documents and upon
authorization by the Department, the Consultant shall prepare complete Contract
Documents sufficient for construction purposes. The Consultant shall review in general
with FDOT all codes, permits, and other requirements, prior to preparation of
construction documents.
The Consultant shall submit progress documents, at 30%, 60%, and 90% complete
stages per the consultant contract and the project schedule. Upon completion of
Contract Documents the Consultant shall submit sets of documents to FDOT in a
quantity as required by the consultant contract or as directed by the Project Manager to
allow simultaneous review by all reviewing parties (agencies).
Upon satisfactory written response to all review comments and appropriate revision of
the contract documents, the FDOT will determine the acceptability of the contract
documents and advise the Consultant.
2.7.2 Construction Documents
1.
Construction Documents shall be a further development of the design
development documents described above.
2.
Contents of the contract documents shall be in accordance with the
requirements of the consultant services contract.
3.
The Consultant shall ensure that the drawings and specifications are final and
complete with all elements thoroughly checked and coordinated, with no conflicts
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between architectural, structural, mechanical, plumbing, electrical, and other
portions of the work. The documents should be prepared so that change orders
during construction will be minimized due to errors, omissions, conflicts, or
inadequacies between the various component disciplines, or with the
specifications. The Consultant is liable for additional project costs incurred by
the Department due to errors or omissions in construction documents.
4.
When applicable, design data shall be shown on the drawings, such as roof and
floor loads, wind loads; working stresses for concrete, steel, wood, and concrete
masonry; allowable soil bearing pressures, bearing values for each foundation
type.
2.7.3 Construction Documents Checklist
Refer to the AIA AHPP, Vol. 2, Ch. 2.6, for Construction Document checklist.
2.8
BID PHASE - Phase V
Release for Printing: Upon completion of reviews, revisions and receipt of approvals
from FDOT, the Local Building Official (or DMS), and SFM, and authorization from
FDOT, the Consultant shall print and properly sign and seal the Construction
Documents per the requirements above.
The Consultant shall assist the Department in preparing, or prepare the Construction
Documents for bidding per Consultant Contract requirements.
The Consultant shall respond to Contractor inquiries concerning the technical
requirements of the Construction Documents. The Consultant shall also prepare letters
of clarification and/or addenda, with the Department’s approval and authorization. The
Department will issue these documents.
2.8.1 Pre - Bid Conference
The Consultant shall attend a Pre-Bid Conference administered by the Department.
The Consultant shall be prepared to answer questions from prospective bidders who
have reviewed the Contract Documents. The Consultant shall take notes of all
questions asked and responses given in the meeting. The Consultant, based on these
notes, shall prepare a formal written response to be distributed by the Department to all
prospective bidders.
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2.8.2 Construction Contract Award
The Department will award the Construction Contract to the low responsive bidder. The
Consultant shall assist the Department in Construction Contract Award per the
Consultant Contract requirements.
2.9
CONSTRUCTION ADMINISTRATION - Phase VI
2.9.1 Notice to Proceed
The Department’s Project Manager will issue the Notice to Proceed, authorizing the
Contractor to proceed with the construction of the project.
2.9.2 Pre - Construction Conference
Prior to commencement of construction, the Department will conduct a Preconstruction conference with the Consultant, CEI, Contractor, Subcontractors, and
other interested parties. The purpose of this conference is:
1.
To review requirements and responsibilities of the various parties involved to
achieve efficient progress handling of the construction contract.
2.
To instruct to all parties concerning required and standard procedures, required
submissions during construction, and regulations applicable to the project.
3.
To review the scope of the project and project problem-solving procedures.
2.9.3 Partnering
On many projects, the Department may determine that project “Partnering” will benefit
all parties. The intent of Partnering is to mold groups of unorganized, sometimes
uninterested, individuals into organized, interested teams whose members share a
common purpose.
To accomplish this requires developing a team concept in the minds and actions of the
Department and the contracting industry. It is the desire of the department that
partnering will become the way of conducting business and that partnering workshops
are only the first steps.
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Partnering workshops are held for the purpose of bringing together those key people
who are involved in the project. Representatives usually include: the design consultant,
FDOT project manager, construction superintendent, safety officer, EEO officer and
major subcontractors, suppliers and DBE subcontractors.
The partnering philosophy is founded on a combination of team building with all
decision makers and team resolution of specific problems. Partnering workshops allow
for expedient team building and effective problem solving or process resolution. Team
spirit, relationships and cooperative attitude developed during partnering workshops
establish a solid foundation for very successful and satisfying projects. On a partnering
project, the team works to achieve mutual goals and objectives. Most importantly a
partnering team takes a pro-active approach to problem solving in a timely and effective
manner.
2.9.4 Periodic Construction Conferences
The FDOT Project Manager, Construction Engineer, or third-party Construction
Engineering Inspector (CEI), will schedule construction conferences at a frequency
acceptable to the Department in order to resolve periodic problems, to ensure the
project remains on schedule and is progressing in a satisfactory manner.
Representatives of the Department, the Contractor, major subcontractors, and other
affected parties will attend these meetings. The Consultant may be required to attend
these conferences as determined by the Department’s project manager, and/or the
Department’s Construction Engineer.
These meetings should review the project as a whole. Certain essential information will
be sought and reported in each meeting, including, but not limited to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Construction progress as related to the schedule
Pay requests
Supplemental Agreements
Evaluation of the work
Special and routine problems
Remedial actions to previous problems
The Department’s standard construction meeting agenda form will be used. The
Project Manager will determine and identify the specific requirements for the
conferences.
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2.9.5 Shop Drawings, Material and Equipment Submittals
The Consultant shall expeditiously (according to Consultant Contract) review shop
drawings, catalog data, finish hardware, equipment and material sample submittals,
etc., which are required to be submitted by the Contractor. The Consultant shall review
these submittals to determine conformance with the contract documents and
appropriateness of products and systems.
2.9.6 Supplemental Documents
General: The Consultant shall prepare supplemental drawings, technical special
provisions, and/or letters of interpretation clarifying the contract documents as needed.
Whenever such documents are prepared, the Consultant shall avoid any adverse
impact to the construction cost or schedule. The Consultant shall bring any change
impacting the contract cost or schedule to the Project Manager’s attention.
Issuance And Transmittal: Whenever it is necessary to issue documents that modify
and/or clarify the contract documents, the Consultant will provide them to the
Department. The Department will then distribute the supplemental documents to the
Contractor and other appropriate parties. The Consultant will not issue any
supplemental documents directly to the Contractor or any other party unless specifically
authorized by the Project Manager.
2.9.7 Substantial Completion
General: The Consultant shall conduct a substantial completion inspection upon
notification by the CEI that the project is ready for such. The CEI will coordinate with all
parties involved in determining the time of the substantial completion inspection. The
Substantial Completion Inspection shall not be scheduled until all building components
and systems are completed and operational. The Contractor will be required to
demonstrate that all building systems are operational during the inspection.
Requirements: If, during the Substantial Inspection, the Consultant determines the
work is substantially complete, the Consultant shall provide the CEI and Contractor a
"Punch List" of items of work that need further attention to complete. The CEI will
prepare a Certificate of Substantial Completion and will issue this Certificate and the
Punch List to the Contractor.
The Punch List shall include all items found to be incomplete or unsatisfactory at the
time of the Substantial Completion Inspection. The Contractor shall correct all Punch
List deficiencies within 30 days of Substantial Completion.
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2.9.8 Final Acceptance and Contract Completion
General: Prior to the Final Inspection, the CEI and Contractor shall review the Punch
List to determine that all deficient items have been corrected. If so, then the Final
Inspection will be scheduled.
Final Inspection: Upon completion of construction and correction of all Punch List
items, but no later than 30 days after the Substantial Completion Inspection, the
Contractor shall notify the CEI and the Project Manager that the project is ready for
Final Inspection. The CEI will then schedule the Final Inspection, in coordination with
the Project Manager and the Consultant. The Final Inspection shall be conducted by
the Consultant, CEI, and Project Manager within 10 days of the Contractor’s notification
to the CEI or Project Manager.
Following the Final Inspection, the Consultant shall provide the CEI and Contractor a
list of any additional items for corrective action and conduct an additional inspection, if
necessary, to ensure that the work has been completed.
Project Closeout: If the project is deemed complete at the Final Inspection, the
Consultant will prepare the Certificate of Contract Completion (Exhibit D, page 2-23),
and distribute it to the Contractor to complete all copies and return them to the
Consultant. The total contract amount stated in the Certificate shall include all
Supplemental Agreements.
Acceptance: Department acceptance and occupancy of the project will not occur until
the project is declared to be complete by the Consultant, CEI and Department, and the
Certificate(s) of Occupancy has been received from the Local Building Official (or DMS)
and SFM, and all required documentation has been delivered by the Contractor (i.e.,
equipment operation and maintenance manual, manufacturer’s warranties, roof
warranties/bonds, as-built documents, etc.) to the Department.
2.10 POST CONSTRUCTION SERVICES: Phase VII
2.10.1 General:
1.
As-Built/Record Drawings: The Consultant shall assist the FDOT in obtaining
information from the Contractor and other parties; certify information on all
changes made during construction from the Contract Documents and actual
locations of all concealed work installed during construction. Review accuracy of
the information submitted by the Contractor; prepare record drawings reflecting
all significant changes in the work made during construction; transmittal of record
drawings and all other relevant project data to the Department.
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2.
Warranties and Guarantees: Inspection(s) prior to expiration of the warranty
and guarantee period to determine adequacy of material, systems, and
equipment performance; document defects and recommend to the Department
actions concerning inadequate performance of building components, systems,
and/or equipment.
3.
Operation and Maintenance: Arrange for and coordinate instructions on
operation and maintenance of equipment with supplier/manufacturer; review all
operation and maintenance manuals.
4.
Start-up Assistance: On-site observations, troubleshooting, and assistance in
the operation of building systems during initial occupancy; assist in coordinating
remedial work by the Contractor(s) after final completion.
Project Organization
2-19
PANAMA
CITY
CHIPLEY
TALLAHASSEE
2
75
KEY SHEET
DEMOLITION/FOUNDATION AND FLOOR PLANS
ROOF FRAMING AND ROOF PLANS
GOVERNING SPECIFICATIONS: STATE OF FLORIDA,
DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION, STANDARD
SPECIFICATIONS, DATED 1994 AND SUPPLEMENTS
THERETO IF NOTED IN THE SPECIAL PROVISIONS
FOR THIS PROJECT.
THESE PLANS HAVE BEEN PREPARED IN
ACCORDANCE WITH, AND ARE GOVERNED
BY THE STATE OF FLORIDA,
DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
ROADWAY AND TRAFFIC DESIGN STANDARDS
(BOOKLET DATED JANUARY 1994)
ROOF DETAILS
DEMOLITION, ELECTRIC AND REFLECTED CEILING PLANS
ELEVATIONS & PLANS
ALTERNATE PLANS
SHEET DESCRIPTION
SHEET NO.
K-1
A-1
338
27
232
15
27
22
rie
75
23
SW
ai
Pr
Clear
L.
20
Prairie
Lake
10
34
222
11
3
14
121
B08
2
23A
331
1
Rest
4
13
26
338
3
Rocky
Point
4
2
Bivans
Arm
18
441
20
17
329
1
16
331
21
Robinson
Heights
24
NE 8 Ave.
120
15
26
23
14
29
28
27
26
Alachua
Sink
22
Manka
11
2
Calf
P.
204
Kincaid Rd.
10
20
35
Kincaid
Hills
225
24
13
12
1
36
18
STATE
RESERVATION
25
GAINESVILLE
MUNICIPAL
AIRPORT
30
25
19
222
30
7
6
26
19
i
PAYNES PRAIRIE Pra
226
20
329
222
t
t 23.
e acheCr
tlH
Lit 22
Alachua County
23
24
TIGERT
Lake Alice
U. of F.
26A
town
Pop. 81,371
GAINESVILLE
25
Hydro
F.D.O.T. Project Manager: H. Dean Perkins 850/414-4359
F.D.O.T. User Representative: John Petty 352/372-3214
19Ave.
121
19
NW 16th Ave.
120
222
Paradise
31
"C"
329B
32
DATE
BY
DESCRIPTION
REVISIONS
LOCATION OF PROJECT
STATE PROJECT NO. 1908161-52-01,
1908411-52-01 & 1908071-52-01
Alachua County
at Gainesville, Fl
LOCATION OF PROJECT
10
295
75
4
KEY WEST
NAPLES
75
FT MYERS
PI
ID
TU A S
RN
R
K
E
6
75
4
95
SHEET
NO.
K-1
MIAMI
FT LAUDERDALE
WEST
PALM
BEACH
FT PIERCE
MELBOURNE COCOA
DAYTONA BEACH
ORLANDO
FL
O
1
LAKELAND
BARTOW
4
ST AUGUSTINE
JACKSONVILLE
DELAND
95
97
60D-1
10433
ARCHITECT NO.:
SEAL
553.501 - 553.5
DATE:
ARCHITECTURAL PLANS APPROVED BY:
FLORIDA ACCESSIBILITY CODE PER F. S.
THE STANDARD BUILDING CODES PER F. A. C.
LIFE SAFETY CODE PER F. A. C. 4A
THESE PLANS HAVE BEEN PREPARED IN ACCORDANCE
WITH, AND THE WORK IS GOVERNED BY:
ATTENTION IS DIRECTED TO THE FACT THAT
THESE PLANS MAY HAVE BEEN REDUCED IN
SIZE BY REPRODUCTION. THIS MUST BE
CONSIDERED WHEN OBTAINING SCALED DATA.
F. D. O. T. OFFICE OF DESIGN
SPECIAL FACILITIES SECTION
605 SUWANNEE M.S.
ST. 48
TALLAHASSEE, FLORIDA, 32399-0450
PLANS PREPARED BY :
H. DEAN PERKINS, Architect
605 SUWANNEEM.S.
ST. 48
TALLAHASSEE, FLORIDA, 32399-0450
ARCHITECT OF RECORD
State of Florida
75
TAMPA
5
OCALA
GAINESVILLE
LAKE CITY
SARASOTA BRADENTON
275
ST PETERSBURG
NEW PORT RICHEY
AGGREGATE ROOM ADDITION &
AT STATE MATERIALS OFFICE 7
INDEX OF ARCHICTECTURAL RENOVATIONS
PLANS
og
H
Cr.
A-2
A-3
A-4
A-5
A-6
10
FORT WALTON
PENSACOLA BEACH
STATE OF FLORIDA
DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
PLANS OF PROPOSED
3
15 St.
SE
Project Organization
WP
rie Cr.
FISCAL
YEAR
Topic 625-020-016-a
Facilities Design Manual
February 2002
Exhibit A
Key Sheet Layout
2-20
Project Organization
FLORIDA ACCESSIBILITY CODE PER F. S.
ARCHITECT
60D-1
PLANS PREPARED BY :
F. D. O. T. OFFICE OF DESIGN
SPECIAL FACILITIES SECTION
ST. 48
605 SUWANNEE M.S.
TALLAHASSEE, FLORIDA, 32399-0450
Pro
je
STATE PROJECT NO. 1908161-5
1908411-52-01 & 1908071-52-0
Alachua County
at Gainesville, Fl
AGGREGATE ROOM ADDITION
RENOVATIONS AT STATE MATERI
STATE OF FLORIDA
DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORT
PLANS OF PROPOSED
jecotnsible
o
r
P es p
R rties
Pa
PERKINS, Architect
ST. 48
605 SUWANNEE M.S.
TALLAHASSEE, FLORIDA, 32399-0450
H. DEAN
553.501 - 553.513
THE STANDARD BUILDING CODES PER F. A. C.
LIFE SAFETY CODE PER F. A. C. 4A
THESE PLANS HAVE BEEN PREPARED IN ACCORDANCE
WITH, AND THE WORK IS GOVERNED BY:
ATTENTION IS DIRECTED TO THE FACT THAT
THESE PLANS MAY HAVE BEEN REDUCED IN
SIZE BY REPRODUCTION.
THIS MUST BE
CONSIDERED WHEN OBTAINING SCALED DATA.
OF RECORD
:
s to
e
c
erednards
f
e
R Stan s
- ode , etc.
- CLaws
-
GOVERNING SPECIFICATIONS: STATE OF FLORIDA,
DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION, STANDARD
SPECIFICATIONS, DATED 1994 AND SUPPLEMENTS
THERETO IF NOTED IN THE SPECIAL PROVISIONS
FOR THIS PROJECT.
THESE PLANS HAVE BEEN PREPARED IN
ACCORDANCE WITH, AND ARE GOVERNED
BY THE STATE OF FLORIDA,
DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
ROADWAY AND TRAFFIC DESIGN STANDARDS
(BOOKLET DATED JANUARY 1994)
A-4
A-5
A-6
ROOF DETAILS
DEMOLITION, ELECTRIC AND REFLECTED CEILING PLANS
ELEVATIONS & PLANS
ALTERNATE PLANS
KEY SHEET
DEMOLITION/FOUNDATION AND FLOOR PLANS
ROOF FRAMING AND ROOF PLANS
A-2
A-3
SHEET DESCRIPTION
SHEET NO.
K-1
A-1
INDEX OF ARCHICTECTURAL PLANS
d ex
n
I
g
win
a
r
D
me
a
N
ct
Topic 625-020-016-a
Facilities Design Manual
February 2002
Exhibit B
Key Sheet Text
2-21
Project Organization
Dates
Descriptions
REVISIONS
HDP
JP
A.B. KEEL
Checked by
Supervised by
Names
COUNTY
Dates
Alachua
Drawnby
ROADNO.
A1 of 2
Drawing No.
H. Dean Perkins, Architect
APPROVED BY
Index No.
99990-3734
PROJECTNO.
State Materials Office - A.D.A. Restroom Renov
SPECIAL FACILITIES
STATE OF FLORIDA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
Topic 625-020-016-a
Facilities Design Manual
February 2002
Exhibit C
Title Block
2-22
Topic 625-020-016-a
Facilities Design Manual
February 2002
Exhibit D
Certificate of Contract Completion
Project Organization
2-23
Topic 625-020-016-a
Facilities Design Manual
February 2002
Exhibit E
Schedule of Contract Values
Project Organization
2-24
Topic 625-020-016-a
Facilities Design Manual
February 2002
Exhibit E (cont.)
Schedule of Contract Values
Project Organization
2-25
Topic 625-020-016-a
Facilities Design Manual
Project Organization
February 2002
2-26
Topic 625-020-016-a
Facilities Design Manual
February 2002
SECTION 2-B
GENERAL DESIGN GUIDELINES
This Section describes design guidelines for the project manager and the consultant to
use while developing the building project design. The building systems, components
and items described here are minimum requirements. These Guidelines have been
developed over a period of years of satisfactory performance on state building projects.
They are intended to aid the consultant by establishing design criteria, quality levels,
and limiting the selection of systems and materials to those that have a proven record.
These Design Guidelines are not intended to inhibit the use of innovative materials and
techniques where those can be proven to provide equal or better performance than the
described items.
The Design Guidelines are separated into 16 Divisions recognized by the Design and
Construction industry. This Manual will review in general terms, those divisions and
their respective subsections that are applicable to the design and construction of FDOT
buildings and facilities. These Guidelines will not address all 16 divisions and
subsections individually. They will focus on key issues and the interdependency and
relationship of the 16 primary divisions that consist of the following:
Division 1
Division 2
Division 3
Division 4
Division 5
Division 6
Division 7
Division 8
Division 9
Division 10
Division 11
Division 12
Division 13
Division 14
Division 15
Division 16
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
SITEWORK
CONCRETE
MASONRY
METALS
WOOD & PLASTIC
THERMAL EXPOSURE PROTECTION
DOORS & WINDOWS
FINISHES
SPECIALTIES
EQUIPMENT
FURNISHINGS
SPECIAL CONSTRUCTION
CONVEYING SYSTEMS
MECHANICAL
ELECTRICAL
Section numbers described in this document are intended to closely approximate the
sections used in the CSI/MasterSpec formats.
General Design Guidelines
2-27
Topic 625-020-016-a
Facilities Design Manual
General Design Guidelines
February 2002
2-28
Topic 625-020-016-a
Facilities Design Manual
February 2002
DIVISION 1 - GENERAL
Section 01000 - Codes and Standards
Appendix 4.2 contains a list of codes, standards and other regulations adopted for use
in Florida. Consult with authorities having jurisdiction for applicable codes and inform
the Project Manager about any changes from the list, for his/her information only.
Review with the Project Manager what submittals are required by the Contract for
interim reviews, letting documents, and final close out of the project, i.e., CADD "asbuilts," CD ROMs, bound maintenance manuals, etc. Refer to the Plans Preparation
Manual for general Department design criteria and process information.
Section 01010 - Design Information:
1.
Space Planning / Facility Programming
(1) Consult with the Project Manager and the Facility-Specific Guidelines, Chapter
3, to determine the space and organizational requirements of the project.
Develop the facility program to the level appropriate to the scope of services.
2.
Building Core
(1) Toilet Rooms
(1) Toilet rooms shall meet all requirements of the Americans with Disabilities
Act (ADA) and the Florida Accessibility Code for Building Construction
(FACBC).
(2) In assembly occupancies and assembly-use buildings, the toilet rooms
must provide facilities meeting the requirements of ‘potty parity’ (three
women’s toilets for each two men’s toilets and urinals.)
(3) In general, lavatories shall have cold water only. Hot water is typically used
only in areas requiring level of hygiene provided by hot water (food service
areas, kitchens, etc.) Faucets shall be mechanical automatic turn off type
or infrared auto turn on and off type.
(4) Counter-tops and back-splashes shall be solid polymer surfaces.
(5) Interior drinking fountains shall be recessed in order to avoid obstructing
corridors. Exterior drinking fountains may be surface mounted.
(6) Provide one (1) tamper proof hose bibb with vacuum breaker located under
a lavatory in all toilet rooms.
(7) Provide at least one (1) floor drain with trap primer in each restroom
(8) Provide a shut-off valve for the supply water for each toilet room in the
plumbing chase (where provided) or above ceiling.
(9) Provide high-back urinal units with elongated bowls on heavy-duty carriers.
(10) Provide elongated wall hung water closets on heavy-duty carrier frames.
General Design Guidelines
2-29
Topic 625-020-016-a
Facilities Design Manual
February 2002
(11) Provide lever handles for toilet and urinal flush. Consider the use of
infrared auto flushing devices on urinals in major toilet areas.
(11) Toilet and urinal plumbing shall be located in an accessible plumbing
chase with a minimum clearance of 36" between opposite wall surfaces.
Provide floor drains with trap primers in all plumbing chases.
(12) Toilet partitions shall be floor supported. Jamb sections, not anchored to
walls, shall be a minimum width of 8". Partitions shall be 3/4" exterior grade
plywood cores with plastic laminate finish.
(13) Toilet partitions shall have a maximum clearance of 12" between the floor
and partition.
(14) Attach toilet partitions to adequate structural support including backing in
walls in accordance with the manufacturer's performance requirements.
(15) Toilet room walls may be masonry or water resistant gypsum board with
acoustical insulation, with ceramic tile finish.
(16) Floor surface shall be sloped to floor drains so no ponding occurs. Floor
drains shall be located under toilet partitions or under lavatory in individual
toilet room. Ensure that the location and slopes do not conflict with
accessibility requirements.
(17) Tile Considerations:
(1) Floors shall be unglazed ceramic or non-slip porcelain floor tile in 8" x
8" or larger sizes with a maximum of 2 tile colors.
(2) Separate color schemes may be developed for the Men's and
Women's toilet rooms or on a floor-by-floor basis.
(3) Base shall be coved sanitary tile.
(4) Walls in stalls shall be 8" x 8" gloss finish ceramic or porcelain tile to
7'-4" AFF min. with a maximum of 3 tile colors. Walls above tile work
shall be a multi-colored epoxy paint system.
(5) Coordinate all grout joints in the wall, base and floor tiles so that they
are aligned.
(6) Dark grout is preferred (avoid light colors).
(7) Thresholds shall be marble, maximum height of 2" with a 45-degree
beveled edge.
(18) Ceilings shall be water resistant gypsum board painted with semi-gloss
latex paint. Ceiling height to be 9' AFF min.
(19 Doors shall be solid core wood - painted or stained, or hollow metal painted or stainless steel, 3' x 7' min. Frames shall be painted hollow metal
or stainless steel.
(20 All toilet accessories shall be stainless steel. Recessed type units shall be
used wherever practical. Typical toilet stall accessories shall be throughpartition type. Provide a 4" wide stainless steel shelf over wall-hung
lavatories and all water closets.
General Design Guidelines
2-30
Topic 625-020-016-a
Facilities Design Manual
February 2002
(2) Janitor Closets
(1) Rooms to meet applicable fire safety codes.
(2) Floors shall be stained/sealed concrete. Base shall be coved vinyl/rubber.
Wall finish shall be epoxy paint on water-resistant gypsum board or
concrete masonry unit (CMU.)
(3) Provide a precast mop sink and a floor drain with the floor sloped-to-drain.
Fixture w/vacuum breaker shall have bucket hook and hose connection.
(4) Ceilings shall be water resistant gypsum board painted with semi-gloss
enamel.
(5) Provide a stainless steel mop rack and shelf.
(6) Doors shall be solid core wood - painted or stained or hollow metal painted, 3' x 7' min. Frames shall be painted hollow metal.
(7) Size janitor closet to provide supplies storage space. Consult with FDOT
Project Manager to determine size.
(3) Electrical and Communications Rooms.
(1) Rooms to meet applicable fire safety codes.
(2) Provide separate electrical and communication rooms.
(3) Mechanical ventilation or air conditioning is required for all equipment
rooms containing transformers totaling 30 KVA or more, or over 4,000
Btu/Hr heat dissipation.
(4) Walls shall be painted CMU or gypsum wallboard.
(5) Ceilings shall be the exposed structure.
(6) Floors shall be hardened and stained/sealed concrete.
(7) Doors shall be solid core wood - painted or stained, or hollow metal painted 3' x 7' min. Frames shall be painted hollow metal.
(8) Size electrical rooms to allow adequate ventilation and servicing space
around the equipment.
(9) Shall not be located next to elevator shafts, stairwells, pipe chases or other
obstructions that would prevent conduits from entering from all sides.
(10) Meet code clearance requirement but in no case provide less than:
(1) 4' min. clearance around electrical cabinets.
(2) 4' min. clearance in front of main circuit breaker cabinets.
(3) At least 4' clearance in front of electrical distribution panels.
(4) Communications Rooms:
(1) Consult with the State Technology Office (STO) and refer to the DMS
"General Facility Requirements for Telecommunications Systems" for
design criteria for the communications room and the overall system.
(2) These rooms shall not provide access to any other space or room.
(3) Communications rooms shall be equipped with receptacles, surge
suppression and grounding as required by the communications program.
General Design Guidelines
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Topic 625-020-016-a
Facilities Design Manual
February 2002
(4) Communications rooms shall have walls covered with 4" x 8" x 3/4" fire
retardant interior grade plywood painted with semi-gloss enamel.
(5) Communications rooms shall not be used to house building controls,
security equipment or other such uses unless expressly approved by the
Project Manager.
(5) Mechanical Rooms
(1) Rooms to meet applicable fire safety codes.
(2) Floors shall be hardened and stained/sealed concrete sloped to floor
drain(s). Mechanical room will not be used as a return air plenum.
(3) Ceiling shall be exposed structure.
(4) Walls shall be painted concrete masonry or water resistant gypsum board.
(5) Mechanical equipment rooms shall be located on exterior walls with
exterior doors.
(6) Exposed piping shall be painted and color-coded.
(7) Provide adequate ventilation.
(8) Provide acoustic separation of mechanical rooms from adjacent spaces.
(9) Interior doors shall be solid core wood - painted or stained, or hollow metal
- painted 3' x 7' or larger as may be dictated by service requirements of
equipment. Exterior doors shall be painted hollow metal, sized for
equipment width and height. Frames shall be painted hollow metal.
(10) Intake louvers in exterior doors or walls shall have insect screens, which
are removable for access or cleaning.
(11) Overhead coiling doors or removable wall sections may be provided for
removal and replacement of large equipment items such as boilers, air
handlers, chillers and water tanks. Knockout walls are acceptable if they
can be removed and replaced with minimal disruption or damage to other
areas of the building and maintain required fire resistance ratings.
(12) Servicing requirements require an adequate clearance with a minimum
clearance of 2' 6" from any wall around mechanical equipment.
(1) Provide clear space at one end of all boilers and chillers to allow rod
cleaning and replacement of the internal tubing (show on Plans).
(2) At air handlers, provide clearance for removal and replacement of
filters, fan shafts and coils (show on Plans).
(2) Stairs
(1) Walls shall be fire rated as required by code and shall be CMU or shaft
wall, painted with high traffic/washable latex type wall paint multi-color
system with a maximum of 2 colors.
(2) Treads, risers, and landings shall be steel with concrete filled pans or
reinforced concrete. The floors, stairs (tread and risers) and all landings of
interior stairs may be vinyl tile, ceramic tile, or carpeted with standard
General Design Guidelines
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Topic 625-020-016-a
Facilities Design Manual
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
February 2002
building carpet.
Doors shall be fire rated, solid-core wood - painted or stained, or hollow
metal - painted, 3' x 7' min. Frames shall be hollow metal - painted, and fire
rated as required by code.
Light fixtures on landings shall be located 7' min. above landing.
All light fixtures are to be accessible with a 6-foot ladder.
In order to encourage use of stairs in lieu of elevator, provide at least one
stair in multi-story buildings that is conveniently located with main
pedestrian traffic flows, i.e. adjacent to elevator lobby. Provide sufficient
width, 5' min., so 2 adults can pass each other comfortably while traveling
in opposite directions.
Guard railings shall be designed with vertical pickets or in-fill panels.
Horizontal elements that may provide a ladder for children are not
acceptable.
Provide vision panels in all stair doors.
(6) Corridors
(1) Walls shall be painted, fire-rated gypsum board painted with eggshell high
traffic/washable latex type wall paint. Vinyl wall covering is permitted at the
discretion of the Project Manager.
(2) Floors shall have standard glue-down carpet with a minimum 10-year
warranty. The carpet shall be a tufted textured graphics loop with a
minimum pile face weight of 26 ounces per square yard. Base shall be
vinyl/rubber, coved, 4" high, min. 1/8" thick.
(3) Ceiling shall be 2' x 2' suspended acoustical ceiling tile with square edge.
(4) Indirect lighting may be used provided access is not unduly restricted.
(7) Main Lobby
(1) Floors
(1) Floor finish and base shall be slip resistant hard tile (ceramic, quarry,
or stone), thin-set.
(2) Dark grout is preferred.
(3) Expansion joints shall be located under sidewalls where possible or as
shown on plans.
(4) Coordinate location of construction joints in concrete floors with
location of tile joints.
(5) A metal edge strip shall be installed at termination of tile where tile
abuts carpet.
(2) Walls shall be gypsum board with appropriate fire rating. Finishes shall be
durable and washable such as paint, plaster, or vinyl wall covering.
(3) Ceiling finish shall be acoustic ceiling panel, painted gypsum board, or
metal.
General Design Guidelines
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Facilities Design Manual
February 2002
(4) Building entry doors for the general public and staff should not be
automatic. Use vestibules or revolving doors to control wind flushing.
(5) Limit public access into building to the lobby and the loading area. Building
emergency exits shall be used as exits only and shall not to be used for
normal access.
(6) Building directories: Coordinate location and installation requirements with
applicable interior design documents and FDOT Project Manager.
(7) No mail chute shall be provided in any FDOT building.
(8) "Reception" or "Security" stations are not needed in the lobby, unless so
indicated in the program.
(9) Card readers or keypads shall be provided at all applicable entries (to be
determined during project Design phases.)
3.
Office Spaces
(1) General
(1) Walls shall be painted gypsum board and terminate 6" above the ceiling
except that walls of offices for Select Exempt and Senior Management
personnel shall extend to the deck above. Conference rooms, training
rooms, and those spaces requiring confidentiality should also extend to
deck above. Walls are not to be acoustically insulated except as required
by the program approved by FDOT. Provide return air transfer boots in
walls extended to deck.
(2) Ceilings shall be flat lay-in 2' x 2' acoustic panels with square edge,
generally 9'-0" high.
(3) Doors shall be solid core wood - painted or stained, 3'-0" x 7'-0"min..
(4) Frames shall be painted hollow metal. Knock down frames are permitted.
4.
Conference Rooms
(1) Accessories such as tack boards, marker boards, and projection screens shall
be provided and located as required by program.
5.
Computer Room
(1) Floors shall be static free resilient sheet vinyl or raised access flooring as
required by program. Base shall be coved vinyl/rubber.
(2) Walls
(1) Walls shall be painted gypsum board with acoustic insulation extending to
the underside of the deck above and with acoustical sealant at the top and
bottom of the wall.
(2) Ceilings shall be 2' x 2' lay-in flat acoustic panels with square edge.
6.
Files/Storage
General Design Guidelines
2-34
Topic 625-020-016-a
Facilities Design Manual
7.
February 2002
(1) Floors may be resilient vinyl tile or carpet. Bases shall be coved vinyl/rubber.
Copy/Break/Vending Rooms.
(1) Flooring for file/storage and copy/break/vending rooms to be consistent.
(2) Floors shall be vinyl composition. Bases shall be coved vinyl/rubber.
(3) Counters and back splashes shall be plastic laminate. Sinks shall be stainless
steel. Base and wall cabinets shall be plastic laminate with flush overlay.
Protect splash area behind coffee sinks.
(4) Requirements for appliances including coffee makers, refrigerators, and
microwaves should be reviewed with the Project Manager.
(5) Requirements for seating areas should be reviewed with the Project Manager.
(6) Walls shall be standard high traffic/washable latex type wall paint.
(7) Ceilings shall be suspended 2" x 2" acoustical tile with square edge.
8.
General Requirements
(1) Utilize the room numbering system provided by Project Manager.
(2) Door numbers on drawings are to match room numbers.
(3) Provide fire extinguishers as required by code. Locate on plans.
9.
Building Envelope.
The building shall be designed to ensure weather tightness, minimize maintenance,
maximize building longevity and architecturally compatible with the environment.
Life-cycle cost analysis shall be used. Note minimum U-values listed in Energy
Conservation Manual.
(1) Roof System. Metal hipped, standing seam roof systems are preferred and
shall have the following characteristics:
(1) Aluminum Material
(1) 0.032" for roof panels, trim and flashing unless otherwise determined
by the Architect.
(2) 0.032" for soffit panels, pre-manufactured soffit venting.
(3) 0.080" for gutter and downspout covers.
(2) Finish: Polyvinyldenefluoride, Kynar 500, Hylar 5000 resin based coating.
(3) Performance:
(1) 110 mph wind load (130 mph for coastal facilities), ASTM E 1592-test
compliance.
(2) Be tested by UL to meet or exceed Underwriters Laboratories class 90
wind uplift requirements.
(3) Meet or exceed ASCE 7-98 and the load requirements of the Florida
Building Code.
(4) Seam Height: 2" min.
(5) Pan width: 16" max.
(6) Underlayment: Continuous full rubberized self-adhering asphaltic
membrane
General Design Guidelines
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Topic 625-020-016-a
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February 2002
(7) Roof Deck: Continuous structural metal deck
(8) Warranty:
(1) Warranted for a period of 20 years against perforation or structural
failure of metal roofing panels and accessories.
(2) Roofing panel manufacturer shall warranty for minimum period of 5
years that the finish color will not change more than 5 NBS units in
accordance with ASTM D 2244-78 and will not crack, peel or lose
adhesion with the substrate for a period of 20 years.
(3) A minimum 20-year warranty by the manufacturer specifying that the
metal panel system will be watertight. Warranty will state that if repairs
are necessary guarantor will provide materials and labor to make
repairs at no cost to Owner.
(4) Specify that a single subcontractor is responsible for the entire roof
system.
(2) Exterior Wall System. The exterior walls shall be:
(1) CMU
(2) Brick Veneer
(3) Other, as approved by Project Manager
(3) Exterior Glazing Systems. All exterior glazing shall be insulated double-pane.
1-story, full-height glazed opening shall be a center glazed storefront system.
2-story high lobby areas shall have a curtain-wall type system. Glazing
protections shall meet the impact-resistance requirements of the building code.
The following are the major glazing system components:
(1) 1" thick unit: Outer pane 1/4" tinted, tempered glass
(2) 1/2" air space
(3) Inner pane 1/4" clear, tempered
Section 01011 - General Structural Design Data
1. The design shall be accomplished in compliance with current, adopted codes.
2. Live loads are specified by the applicable building code. Minimum acceptable office
floor live load is 100 psf.
3. Confirm all load criteria and any special design program requirements with Project
Manager within 30 days of receipt of authority to proceed with Schematic Design.
4. Serviceability considerations outlined in ASCE 7-98 and the load requirements of
the Florida Building Code shall be considered and incorporated in the design.
Where there are differences between the ASCE 7-98 wind speeds and the Florida
Building Code wind speeds, use the more stringent, higher wind speeds in
structural wind-load and wind-borne debris calculations.
5. Isolate elevator and mechanical equipment room floors and walls for sound
attenuation.
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Exterior slabs on grade and paving outside the building enclosure shall be sloped
away from the building structure to prevent water build-up at the building perimeter.
Specify that all such areas shall be hose-tested prior to acceptance of work to
identify slope and drainage problems that may exist.
Section 01300 - Submittals
1. Provide summary narrative of project description to FDOT.
2. Provide written engineering design criteria and design intent. Include HVAC
controls sequencing and life cycle cost analysis (LCCA), developed during Design
Development Phase and verified at this time.
3. Detailed submittal schedules shall be included in the Consultant Contract.
DIVISION 2 - SITEWORK
Section 02500 - Paving and Surfacing
1. Provide maneuvering room for trucks and service vehicles which require access to
the building loading, recycling and dumpster areas.
2. Provide concrete paving for loading docks and dumpster areas.
3. Pavement markings for parking spaces shall be 4” min. width. Marking color shall
be white for standard parking spaces and blue for accessible spaces. Access aisles
for accessible parking spaces shall be white. Refer to the Roadway and Traffic
Design Standards for details of required parking space layout.
4. Number of Spaces Required for Project
Parking spaces are required in accordance with the following or are governed by
local ordinances (which ever is greater). Alert the Project Manager where local
ordinances are at variance with these standards:
1) Building occupants:
1 space per 300 gross sq. ft. Meet
requirements of local zoning ordinances.
2) Visitor spaces:
Per project facility program.
3) Parking for disabled:
In accordance with the current Florida
Accessibility Code for Building Construction.
4) Special parking:
Per project facility program.
5. Parking Layout and Relationship to Building
(Subject to topography and local site conditions)
1. The majority of off-street parking should be screened from view from the street
as much as possible. The parking layout should be sited in order to be close to
the building it serves.
2. The parking rows and access driveways should be arranged perpendicular to
the building whenever possible in order that pedestrians may easily walk
toward the building via the driveways.
3. Locate parking at a 90O angle to the driveway entrance. All driveways should
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allow 2-way traffic patterns.
4. Landscaped islands with curbs shall be located at the ends of all parking rows
and throughout the parking lot at an interval that averages no fewer than one
island for every 12 consecutive spaces, or where governed by local codes
(which ever is greater).
5. Continuous flow layouts with 2-way circulation should be used.
6. Size and Dimensions
1. Unless larger dimensions are required by other considerations, the following
minimum dimensions apply: Off-street parking spaces shall be 9' wide and 19'
long. Where the front end of the space abuts a sidewalk, install a wheel stop to
prevent vehicles from over-hanging the sidewalk or widen sidewalk to 8' min.
width.
2. Driveways along the parking rows are to be minimum of 24' wide, and the
aisles at the end of the rows are to be minimum 25' wide to allow for vehicle
turning movements.
7. Materials
1. All driveways and parking spaces shall be hard surface paving materials.
Porous paving may be substituted as an alternative design if storm water
management should require this consideration.
2. Curbs and curb ramps shall be concrete wherever provided.
8. Accessible parking for persons with disabilities
1. Locate accessible parking near public entrances and at major staff entrances.
2. The accessible spaces should be adjacent to a curbed sidewalk that is a
minimum of 5' wide.
3. Accessible space size shall be 12’ min. wide and 19’ min. long.
4. Install a diagonally striped access aisle between each 2 accessible parking
spaces from the parking lot surface to the sidewalk.
5. Access aisle shall be 5’ min. wide and full length of adjacent parking spaces.
6. A curb ramp shall NOT extend into the access aisle or accessible space. Ramp
the sidewalk down to the level of the access aisles. Provide wheel stops.
9. Visitor and Assigned Parking
1. Locate visitor parking spaces near the main entrance of the building and closer
to the building than staff parking.
2. If parking spaces are assigned by FDOT, the spaces shall be identified by
numbers painted on the pavement at the back of the parking space. Paint shall
be durable traffic paint in contrasting color.
9. Building Entry Walks/Plazas
1. Surfaces shall be slip resistant under wet and dry conditions and slope to drain
away from building.
10. Sidewalks
1. Sidewalks shall be concrete and a minimum of 5' wide. Surfaces shall be slip
resistant under wet and dry conditions. Slope to drain away from building.
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Sidewalks that are flush with vehicular ways and curb ramps that slope to a
vehicular way shall have detectable warnings the full width of the sidewalk or
curb ramp and 36" deep for flush sidewalks, full length of curb ramps.
Ramped areas of sidewalks shall meet the requirements of the ADA
Accessibility Guidelines and the Florida Accessibility Code;
1. If slope is greater than 1:20 (5%), ramp must have 5’-0” minimum. level
landings each 30” rise.
-- 5’-0” landing at top of ramp
-- 6’-0” landing at bottom of ramp
2. Maximum slope of ramp is 1:12.
3. Handrails are required on both sides of ramp
-- 34”-36” high
-- 1½” maximum pipe (outside diameter)
Section 02700 - Sewage and Drainage
1. Storm drain inlets should be located 25' min. from all major building entrances.
Special attention should be given to obtain appropriate ground slopes in order to
eliminate the occurrence of ponding during heavy rain and prevent runoff from
entering the building. Do not conflict with storm-water requirements.
2. Parking Areas
1. Concrete valley gutters shall be used to collect the flow of runoff in the parking
lot if uniform sheet flow is determined not to be feasible. If valley gutters are
used, they shall be placed along the island curbs at the side of an access drive,
and not down the center of the aisle.
2. The minimum slope in off-street parking lots without valley gutters is 1%. The
maximum slope is 5%. If the topography is so steep that the parking area
cannot be graded without exceeding a 5% slope, the parking area shall be
terraced using continuous landscaped islands with a minimum width of 8'. A
grade transition will occur in the islands sufficient to allow for a 5% maximum
slope in the parking area.
3. Cross slopes in parking areas to be used by persons with disabilities shall not
exceed 2%. Slopes in accessible parking spaces and access aisles shall not
exceed 2% in any direction.
3. Sidewalks and Plazas
1. Walks and paths shall have a maximum cross slope of 2%.
2. Walks and paths should be arranged to traverse steep areas at an angle to the
contours, and with turns back and forth at landings so runoff does not become
concentrated in any one direction for long distances.
4. Plazas should have a maximum slope of 2% in any direction and a uniform surface
that prevents ponding.
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General Site Drainage
1. Ditch and swale side slopes shall be no steeper than 3:1.
2. Sod areas, except for retention ponds, should have a minimum slope of 1%,
and a maximum slope of 3:1.
3. Landscaped areas may be used for storm-water conveyance and
retention/detention. Swales, retention ponds, and other storm-water
management facilities may be designed to provide attractive open space in
addition to functional storm-water management.
Section 02800 - Site Improvements
1. Review security surveillance features during the design of plazas, terraces and
parking areas with the FDOT Project Manager. Special attention should be given to
provide adequate visual control including elimination of potential concealed spaces
near public pedestrian areas.
2. Show point-of-entry for water service to handle potable and fire service
requirements. Show location of site fire-service facilities (hydrants, standpipes, etc.)
3. Street and Parking Area Lighting:
1. A foot-candle illumination diagram shall be provided for the parking areas and
all major public walkways adjacent to the building.
2. See Division 16 for minimum requirements for average maintained horizontal
illumination
4. Style, Materials and Finish. Potential vandalism problems should be reviewed with
FDOT Project Manager and if the location requires, vandal-resistant materials &
finishes should be specified. Special protection, polycarbonate lenses or
enclosures should be used for lighting fixtures.
5. Entry Signs
1. The sign material shall be one of the following design formats. (Note: Do not
use surface silk-screened graphics and subsurface silk-screened graphics
without UV protection due to their poor weathering capabilities). Subsurface
silk-screened graphics are also discouraged because they cannot be easily
refinished. Do not use fiberglass reinforced polyester panels.) All design
formats shall be reviewed by FDOT signage personnel as directed by the
FDOT Project Manager.
2. Steel or aluminum finished with 2-part catalyzed urethane paint is the preferred
material for outdoor signage. The catalyzed paint finish is preferred over
anodizing for aluminum.
Note: Catalyzed paint contains lead products and must not be used at
playgrounds, Rest Area facilities, or where the presence of children is likely.
3. Outdoor dimensional letters shall be cast aluminum, bronze, or stainless steel.
Aluminum should be painted rather than anodized.
4. If vinyl lettering is specified, use only cast vinyl sheeting. Do not use
calendared (die-cut) vinyl for permanent signage outdoors. Calendared letters
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contain internal stresses from the manufacturing process that cause the letters
to shrink and peel off when heated by the sun. Cast letters, by contrast, tend to
bake on under the same conditions.
5. The sign shall be clearly legible from a distance of at least 100'. Minimum
height of the letters shall be 6".
6. Building Identification Signs
1. A building identification sign should be located at or next to the main entrance
walk of the building.
7. Traffic Signs
1. Traffic signs shall meet the roadway signing requirements of Florida DOT and
the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices.
8. Solid Waste
1. Solid waste is collected in dumpsters, the location of which must be determined
in consultation with the FDOT Project Manager. The dumpsters shall be sized
to hold 3 pounds of solid waste per employee per day.
2. Space may be provided for additional dumpsters for recycling purposes.
Confirm requirements with the FDOT Project Manager.
3. Dumpsters shall be located on reinforced concrete slabs.
4. Waste receptacles should be placed along walkways near building entrances.
5. Waste receptacles shall include covers, domes, etc to shed rainwater.
6. Waste receptacles made with recycled materials are encouraged.
9. Benches, (Exterior)
1. Bench design should be compatible with the building design.
2. Special consideration should be given to minimize future maintenance costs.
3. Benches should be freestanding and anchored to be immovable by the public.
4. Benches made with recycled materials are encouraged.
10. Light Bollards
1. Bollards with lights are encouraged along entry walkways and plazas at the
main entrance (to substitute for other low-level lighting fixtures).
2. Bollards without lights may be used elsewhere to separate pedestrian areas
from vehicular areas or to protect against vehicle encroachment that may
cause damage.
11. Walls and Screen Fences
1. Walls or screen fences shall be placed around all service areas and all large
above-grade utility equipment such as central boilers, or sewer package
treatment facilities. Walls or fences may also be placed along the property
perimeter if adjacent to residential or industrial land uses, or if required by local
ordinances.
2. Screen fences or walls should be of a material compatible with the main
building.
3. If the fence is made of Fir or Pine, the wood shall be specified as pressure
treated with a preservative other than creosote suitable for ground contact.
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4.
Wood fences shall be stained or painted rather than remaining unfinished or
weathered.
12. Planters
1. Planters are defined as planting areas, either raised or on grade, in sidewalks
and pedestrian plazas. If the planters are raised, use planters with seating
edges.
2. If the planter is to contain shrubs and ground covers, the planter should have a
minimum planting area of 10 sq. ft. with a minimum soil depth of 18".
3. If the planter is to contain a minor tree, the minimum planting area should be
no less than 16 sq. ft., with a minimum soil depth of 3'.
4. If the planter is to contain a shade tree, the minimum planting area shall be no
less than 64 sq. ft., with a minimum soil depth of 4'.
5. Planter shall not be installed over any building areas that could possibly sustain
water damage whether occupied or not.
6. Special care shall be given to control efflorescence and moisture deterioration
of the planter.
13. Bicycle Racks
1. Bicycle racks are desired.
2. Comply with local ordinances for location and number of bike racks.
14. Bus Shelters
1. Bus shelters are to be located along local roads at a point near the center of
the property. The shelter locations and design are to be coordinated with the
local transit authority. Shelters shall be accessible to persons with disabilities
and compatible with the overall building design concept.
2. The shelter shall be anchored to a concrete pad that is built next to the
sidewalk, so that the sidewalk passes directly in front of the shelter.
Section 02810 - Irrigation Systems
1. The source of irrigation water shall be determined by the Landscape Architect of
Record after considering the use of well water, pumping from surface ponds or
cisterns, treated effluent, or potable water from local utilities.
2. If water from a local utility is used for the irrigation system, separate irrigation water
meters shall be installed to avoid sewer charges for water used.
3. Provide backflow preventers that comply with local regulations. Backflow valves
shall be screened from public view. Verify that the use of backflow preventers in
conjunction with pop-up style sprinkler heads conforms with local ordinances.
4. Three design levels of irrigation quantity should be planned.
1. High coverage areas will be the landscaping in the building areas. This zone
will require regular irrigation.
2. Moderate coverage areas are the landscaped areas in parking lots and along
local and arterial roads, requiring less irrigation.
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3.
Low coverage areas are primarily composed of open space preserved in a
natural condition, requiring little or no supplemental water.
5. Irrigation systems shall be designed so that plants with similar water requirements
are zoned together. Lawn areas shall be zoned separately from shrub or
groundcover areas.
6. Automatic irrigation controllers are required for all irrigation systems.
7. Use ground moisture sensors and thermostatic sensors to conserve water.
8. All irrigation piping shall be PVC. Main lines and lateral lines shall be schedule 40
PVC piping with solvent welds.
9. Sleeving under pavement shall be schedule 80 PVC piping.
10. Experienced irrigation designers or landscape architects shall design all irrigation
systems.
11. Provide a tracer wire system which is electrically continuous, insulated and suitable
for underground use.
12. Use pop-up style heads in lawns and riser mounted heads in shrubbery.
Section 02900 - Landscaping Plant Materials
1. The Landscape Architect is encouraged to provide additional shrub and
groundcover planting in the area between the parking lot curb and the sidewalk,
rather than a single row of shrubs to meet the landscape screen requirement.
2. Preservation of existing landscape and natural vegetation shall be accomplished
whenever possible
3. Have barriers erected around protected trees before construction activity begins.
4. Sod will be flush with the finish elevation of the sidewalks and concrete curbs, to
avoid water ponding on walks.
5. Mulch, applied at the time of planting, should have a minimum depth of 3". No
visible plastic surface covers are permitted.
6. All plant material used in landscaping shall be healthy, disease free and pest-free.
Only Florida #1 or better plant material, as described in "Grades and Standards for
Nursery Plants" published by the Florida Department of Agriculture.
7. Plant materials specified in the planting plan shall be appropriate for their location
on the site.
8. No invasive or exotic plants shall be used.
9. Drought-tolerant plants should be specified as much as possible (zeriscape.)
10. Poisonous plants and plants with sharp thorns or foliage shall not be used.
11. Wildflower mixes should be of low growing varieties, generally less than 16" height.
12. A guarantee period of 365 days after the warranty maintenance period ends will be
established in which the Contractor shall guarantee free replacement (labor and
materials) of any plant material that does not survive. Interim 90-day inspections
by the Construction Engineer shall take note of all vegetation, materials and
methods.
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13. A routine landscape maintenance schedule will be established setting forth criteria
and timing for fertilizing, pruning, etc. as a mandatory submittal in the project close
out documents.
DIVISION 3 - CONCRETE
1. Design reinforced concrete in accordance with ACI 318.
2. Specify steel reinforcement in accordance with applicable ASTM standards listed in
ACI 318.
3. Specify admixtures to comply with ACI 318 and subject to prior approval by the
project manager. Fly ash shall conform to ASTM C 618.
4. Specify epoxy coated or galvanized rebar supports where supports may be
exposed to weathering. Provide flat sheet wire reinforcing mesh in floor slabs and
slabs on grade and support with chairs. Use sandplate supports that will not
puncture the vapor barrier at slabs on grade.
5. Provide pre-molded expansion joint material where slab is placed around columns
and against walls.
6. Contraction or construction joints shall be placed on column lines and at
intermediate spacing not to exceed 25'.
7. Provide water-stops at below grade construction joints in vertical foundation walls to
prevent water penetration
DIVISION 4 - MASONRY
1. Design clay and concrete masonry to comply with ACI 530/ASCE 5.
2. Specify concrete masonry units to comply with ASTM C90 and ASTM C140.
3. Specify facing brick to be in accordance with ASTM C216, Grade SW.
4. Specify masonry reinforcement and accessories in accordance with applicable
standards: ASTM A-36, ASTM A153, ASTM A641 ASTM A653, ACI 530/ACSE 5
5. Cavity wall designs are desired. Cavity wall designs based on pressure equalized
rain screen walls are preferred. (Exception to cavity walls: Control House on
Moveable Bridge.)
6. Design weep-holes and flashing to evacuate moisture entering the masonry wall.
Weeps in brick cavity/veneer construction shall be open head joints. Prefabricated
screens may be utilized at weeps to prevent insect infestation. The use of cotton
rope wicks or tubes for weeps will not be allowed.
7. Provide a 2-inch minimum width air cavity (exclusive of any cavity insulation). Utilize
pull-up boards to prevent the build-up of mortar droppings and bridging in the
cavity. There should be no obstructions within the cavity that may allow water to
backup and drain into the back-up wall.
8. Detail flashing against parapets under copings, gravel stops, over shelf angles,
windows, doors, horizontal relief joints and at changes from horizontal to vertical
plane. Show three-dimensional flashing intersections in isometric detail.
9. Specify brick masonry with low moisture absorbency.
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10. Brick masonry accessories:
1. Specify the type of tie design that will allow for vertical and horizontal
differential movement between face brick and backup wall or structure without
allowing water to bridge gaps.
2. Specify non-corroding hot-dipped galvanized anchors, ties, angles, and
reinforcement. Design vertical and horizontal expansion and control joints in
masonry wall. Follow BIA recommendations. Locate these joints on all
applicable exterior elevations of project.
11. For multi-story masonry construction, design steel shelf support angles, which will
allow for building movement and wall deflection.
DIVISION 5 - METALS
1. Protect dissimilar metals against galvanic action.
2. Steel for structural applications shall conform to ASTM A 36.
3. Structural steel and welding shall comply with the following applicable standards:
1. AISC Specification for Structural Steel Buildings - Allowable Stress Design and
Plastic Design
2. AISC LRFD Specification for Structural Steel Buildings
3. AISC Specification for the Design of Steel Hollow Structural Sections
4. AISC Seismic Provisions for Structural Steel Buildings
5. ASCE 8
6. SJI Standard Specifications for Open Web Steel Joists, K-Series
7. SJI Standard Specifications for Longspan Steel Joists, LH-Series
8. SJI Standard Specifications for Deep Longspan Steel Joists, DLH-Series
9. SJI Standard Specifications for Joist Girders
10. ASCE 19
11. ANSI/AWS D1.1 Structural Welding Code - Steel
4. Steel bolts for joints and connections shall conform to ASTM A 325 or A 490
DIVISION 6 - WOOD AND PLASTICS
1. The quality and design of wood members and fastenings used for load supporting
purposes shall conform to the following applicable standards:
1. American Forest & Paper Association AFPA/ASCE 16 Standard for LRFD for
Engineered Wood Construction
2. National Design Specification for Wood Construction (NDS)
3. American Institute of Timber Construction (AITC)
4. American Plywood Association (APA)
5. Truss Plate Institute (TPI)
6. American Wood Preservatives Association (AWPA)
7. National Particleboard Association (NPA)
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All wood in direct contact with soil, water, masonry and concrete shall be naturally
durable wood or preservative-treated. Treatments and condition of use shall
comply with the applicable standards of the AWPA.
Particleboard shall not be used in roof deck, wall sheathing or any exterior or main
wind force resisting system.
DIVISION 7 - THERMAL AND MOISTURE PROTECTION
Section 07002 - Roofing Design Information
1. Preferred roofing systems include the following:
1. Metal standing seams
2. Four-ply, modified bitumen membrane
2. Alternative FDOT approved roof systems with a ten (10) year successful track
record in the U.S. include the following system:
1. 2-ply, modified bitumen membrane.
3. Mechanical/Maintenance
1. Provide for access to the roof.
2. Provide walk pads around maintenance items along the route from roof access
points to the maintenance items.
3. Mechanical ventilation and plumbing penetrations through the roof should be
limited wherever possible.
4. No A/C units or equipment are permitted on the roof except necessary exhaust
fans, vents, and outside air intakes.
5. Through the roof penetrations should be round pipe or round sleeve. Avoid
square or rectangular shapes where possible.
6. Maintain a minimum spacing of 4'-6" between penetrating pipes and equipment
to allow for proper detailing work of the roofing application
4. Drainage considerations
1. Emergency overflow drains are preferred over through-wall scuppers on lowslope roofs. Provide min. 4" high leaf guards on drains.
2. Expansion joints shall be elevated upon a solid tapered base; drainage shall be
positive and away from the joint at every side.
3. Drainage pieces: These should be kept a sufficient distance from parapets and
up-stands to allow the installer to work from all sides.
5. Detailing
1. Limit the use of pitch pockets. Uncapped pitch pockets are not permitted.
2. Detail roof flashing at all types of roof penetrations
3. Detail every flashing condition required for type of building designed. Show
three-dimensional flashing intersections in isometric detail.
4. Show all penetrations through the roof on Roof Plan.
5. Show all roof ventilators, and any other types of FDOT approved equipment to
scale on Roof Plan.
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6. Specify and locate roof walk protection pads on Roof Plan.
7. Show roof drains and overflow drains or scuppers on Roof Plan.
8. Provide details of all applicable primary drain installations.
9. Provide metal coping on parapet tops. Terminate roof membrane under coping.
Quality Assurance
1. Roofing shall be from single source manufacturer.
2. Non-Prorated Weather-tight single source 20-year warranty shall be available.
3. Third Party, RCI/IRWC certified inspections shall be available.
Section 07195 - Air Barriers
1. Air barriers shall be made of durable, non-porous materials and shall be sealed to
adjoining wall, ceiling or floor surfaces with a suitable long-life mastic and tape.
Taped and sealed drywall may constitute an air barrier but lay-in acoustical tile
ceilings (T-bar ceilings) may not. Batt insulation facings and asphalt-impregnated
fiberboard and felt paper are not considered air barriers.
2. Where vented to the outside dropped ceiling cavities occur over conditioned
spaces, the ceiling shall be considered to be both the upper thermal envelope and
pressure envelope of the building and shall contain a continuous air barrier
between the conditioned space and the vented unconditioned space that is also
sealed to the air barrier of the walls.
3. Where unvented dropped ceiling cavities occur over conditioned spaces that do not
have an air barrier between the conditioned and unconditioned space (such as Tbar ceilings), they shall be completely sealed from the exterior environment (at the
roof plane) and adjacent spaces by a continuous air barrier that is sealed to the air
barrier of the walls. In that case, the roof assembly shall constitute both the upper
thermal envelope and pressure envelope (air barrier) of the building.
4. Exterior Joints in the Envelope. All exterior joints cracks and holes in the building
envelope shall be caulked, gasketed, weather-stripped or otherwise sealed. Such
joints shall include, but not be limited to the following:
1. Around windows or door frames;
2. Between walls and foundations
3. Between walls and roof/ceilings
4. Through wall panels and top and bottom plates in exterior walls
5. At penetrations of utility or other service entry through walls, floors and roofs
6. Between wall and floor where the floor penetrates the wall;
7. Between wall panels, particularly at corners and changes in orientation;
8. Around penetrations of flue vents, or attic hatches, and
9. Walls with building cavities between floor/ceilings and ceilings/roof decks.
Section 07200 - Insulation
1. Ceiling/Roof insulation shall be R-30 min.
2. Wall Construction shall have the following minimum R-values: Concrete R-7, Wood
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Frame R-19 and Metal Frame R-21. Coordinate with LCCA and/or Florida Energy
Conservation Manual.
Section 07500 - Membrane Systems
1. Roof membrane type shall be proven system with a minimum ten (10) year
successful track record on buildings in the geographic area of intended use.
2. Roofing membrane system selected shall meet Factory Mutual (FM) Requirements
I-90 for wind uplift or UL class 90.
3. Membrane Roof Warranties
1. Roof warranty shall be a minimum of fifteen years. Twenty years is preferred.
2. Warranty shall be non-prorated, non-penal sum type and includes a total
system warranty consisting of, but not necessarily limited to membrane,
flashing, connections, insulation, and deck as applicable.
3. All warranty conditions for Owner provided maintenance shall be included with
the warranty documents prior to final project closeout.
4. Specify that a single subcontractor is responsible for the entire roof system.
Section 07600 - Flashing
1. Use the latest edition of the "Architectural Sheet Metal Manual" published by the
Sheet Metal and Air Conditioning Contractors National Association (SMACNA) as a
design guide.
2. Preferred flashing materials includes: Copper, Aluminum
3.
4.
5.
Verify substrate materials and joint compounds are compatible with flashing and
will not cause:
1. Corrosion of flashing material
2. Staining of face veneers
Flashing details to include:
1. Roof Flashing
1. Against parapets
2. At all penetrations through roof
3. Expansion joints
4. Corner conditions
2. Wall Flashing
1. Flashing under copings
2. Thru-wall flashing
3. At windows and doors
4. Expansion joints
5. Corner conditions
6. Non-typical design features
Design metal flashing and coping caps to eliminate or minimize the use of sealants.
Do not rely on sealants as the primary barrier to water penetration.
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7.
8.
9.
February 2002
Where sealant joints are required, utilize sealants that are designed to
accommodate the movement characteristics and are compatible with the flashing
material and the substrate.
Protect dissimilar metals against galvanic action.
Base flashing should have an 8" min. upstand from roof, and be a minimum of 4"
above a 4" cant. Metal counterflashing should lap base flashing at least 4".
Plan for renewal: counter-flashing to be removable and replaceable or renewable.
Wall system shall have a permanent sill or seating.
Section 07900 - Sealants
1. Specify sealant type to compensate for amount of anticipated joint movement and
environmental conditions to be encountered.
2. Specify bond breakers to prevent three-sided adhesion.
3. Specify sealants that are compatible with substrates. Verify that all sealants:
1. Will etch substrate.
2. Will not bleed onto building exterior skin.
4. Specify sealant primer if required for adhesion to substrate. Consult with sealant
manufacturer to verify performance applicability expected.
5. Do not use custom color sealants.
6. If coatings or waterproofing compounds are specified on exterior building skin,
verify that they are compatible with sealants and will allow for desired sealant
adhesion.
7.
Specify that the contractor shall have sealant manufacturers perform adhesion and
compatibility tests for each type of sealant, using actual samples of sealant
specified and substrate materials and coatings to be adhered to by sealant.
Section 07900 - Caulks
1. Use caulking only for interior joints that do not require waterproofing or movement
capabilities.
2. Use acrylic latex caulk conforming to ASTM C 834.
3. Limit caulking joints to ¼” in width or less.
DIVISION 8 - DOORS AND WINDOWS
Section 08110 - Steel Doors and Frames
1. Recess exit doors coming from outboard stairs.
Section 08210 - Wood Doors
1. Wood doors required to meet separation requirements shall have appropriate label
describing fire rating. Fire ratings shall apply to door assembly: door, frame and
hardware.
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Section 08400 - Entrances and Storefronts
1. Storefront: 4" nominal width, center glazed, with thermal break construction.
2. Entrance Doors: 4½” stile heavy-duty aluminum doors, fully glazed with tempered
single glazing, pivot hinges and concealed overhead closers that are adjustable to
8.5 lbs. closing force.
3. Provide power door operators with hard-wired switches at main employee and
visitor entrances.
Section 08500 - Metal Windows
1. Detail windows to prevent air infiltration. Testing to AAMA/NWWDA 101/I.s.2-97 or
ASTM E283-91 shall determine compliance with the criteria of air leakage, as
appropriate. Air Leakage shall not exceed 0.3-cfm/lin. ft.
2. Provide windows with thermal break construction. Provide units that have been
tested for thermal performance in accordance with AAMA 15003.1.
3. Design window sections to accommodate expected wind pressure and turbulence.
The contractor is to submit signed and sealed calculations.
4. Design window sections to accommodate Code-required wind-borne debris, missile
impact loads. The contractor shall submit signed and sealed calculations and test
reports to support code compliance.
5. Components.
1. Windows shall be fabricated with non-corrosive fasteners.
2. Window frames should be designed with baffled weep holes. Do not allow
weep holes to be blocked by sealant.
3. Air pressure equalizer holes should be provided wherever some portion of a
window frame or curtain wall assembly will have a lower pressure than the
outside atmosphere.
4. Compatibility testing should be specified for all setting materials that come in
contact with each other, such as sealants or setting blocks, gaskets, and edge
shim material.
5. Specify that setting block locations will be verified in the field so as not to seal
off weep holes.
Section 08700 - Hardware
1. Use passage sets as a default configuration for all doors. Provide grade 2 hardware
with lever handles that do not have rough edges or casting imperfections.
2. Provide locking hardware configuration at suite entrances, storage areas, building
support spaces (such as telephone and electrical closets, and mechanical rooms),
and where specifically required in building program.
3. Use a standard unit-type (non-mortise) lock cutout.
4. Hardware configuration at exit stairs is lockable after hours from outside into
stairwell (electromagnetic locks).
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5.
All doors opening to outside (e.g., exit doors) shall have non-removable hinge pins.
Provide latch guards at exterior doors to deter unauthorized entry protection.
6. All hardware specifications, finishes and schedules shall be submitted for approval
to FDOT prior to finalizing bid documents.
7. Locks shall have heavy wrought steel cases and armored fronts, adjustable to suit
door bevel.
8. Latch bolts shall be "true" anti-friction hinged type with minimum throw of ¾”.
9. Deadbolts shall have a minimum throw of 1". Equip with hardened steel roller
inserts.
10. Locksets/latchsets levers on doors leading into hazardous areas shall have a tactile
warning finish.
11. Interior hardware shall be Satin Chromium Plated [626(26D)]; exterior hardware
shall be Satin Stainless Steel [630(32D)].
12. Cylinders, Keys and Keying. Consult with Project Manager for keying system.
1. Cylinders shall be keyed to the FDOT key system, and are subject to the Great
Grand Master, Grand Master, Master and Change Keys. Locksets are to
accommodate the FDOT standard cylinder.
2. Cylinders shall be "Construction Master keyed."
3. Permanent cylinders shall be factory keyed as directed by FDOT.
4. Keys shall be stamped "State of Florida" - "Do Not Duplicate."
5. The following keys and equipment shall be furnished:
1. 3 each GMK.
2. 6 each MK system as required.
3. 3 per lock change keys.
4. One each lockable key cabinet to suit job requirements with 100%
expansion space.
Section 08800 - Glazing
1. General Criteria
1. Glazing systems should be carefully evaluated in order to accommodate applicable
building movement.
2. Verify that glass selected can accommodate expected thermal expansion and
contractions.
3. Glass shall meet State of Florida Energy Conservation Manual requirements and
Life Cycle Cost Analysis as a part of the exterior building envelope.
4. Provide non-operable windows with a shade coefficient of 0.32 - 0.45. The ratio of
visible light transmittance to the shading coefficient should be equal to or greater
than 1.
5. Verify that glass meets U-value and shading coefficients required by mechanical
equipment design and Life Cycle Cost Analysis.
6. Window sections conform to current American Architectural Manufacturers
Association (AAMA) standards for commercial or heavy commercial windows.
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Insulated glass shall conform to Sealed Insulating Glass Manufacturers Association
(SIGMA) guidelines for vertical and sloped glazing.
Provide FDOT Project Manager a "washability" design statement applicable for all
glass surfaces, external and internal that describes how glass is accessed for
routine cleaning.
Architect must consider maintenance design criteria for evaluation by FDOT prior to
inclusion in the project specification:
1. Washability of all exterior and interior glass surfaces.
2. Location of glass windows adjacent to gravel ballasted roofs subject to wind
breakage.
3. Potential for vandalism and glass breakage.
4. Window mullions should be coordinated and compatible with structural and
ceiling grids.
5. Consider providing attic stock glass for future replacement as part of base bid.
Confirm requirement with FDOT Project Manager.
Specify that the General Contractor will provide certification that units installed
meet the specified requirements.
Glass colors for project shall be coordinated with and confirmed by the FDOT
Project Manager prior to submitting the Schematic Design documents.
Reflective glass, if approved by FDOT, shall not exceed 35% reflectivity.
Require warranty on insulated units covering seal and against build-up of
condensation.
DIVISION 9 - FINISHES
Section 09250 - Gypsum Board
1. Gypsum wallboard thickness shall be 5/8" min. when used in single layer
applications.
2. Maximum spacing of partition studs and wall furring: 16" o.c.
3. Metal stud gauge shall be:
1 25 ga. min. for studs <10’ long
2 22 ga. min. for studs ≥10’ long.
Section 09300 - Tile
1. Floor tile shall be unglazed ceramic or non-slip porcelain floor tile in 8" x 8" or larger
sizes with a maximum of 2 tile colors.
2. Wall tile shall be glazed ceramic or porcelain wall tile in 4" x 4" or larger sizes with a
maximum of 3 tile colors.
Section 09510 - Suspended Acoustical Ceilings
1. The standard system is to be 2' x 2' flat, non-tegular lay-in system with exposed
metal grid.
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Coordinate grid with overall building module. Minimize grid conflicts with major
architectural design features.
Style, pattern, and color of components shall be selected by FDOT Project
Manager from alternatives offered by architect. Select a tile that will be available as
a manufacturers standard item without requiring special ordering or fabrication.
Concealed-spline ceilings or fiberglass batt/scrim/vinyl face ceiling tiles are
permitted only with approval of FDOT Project Manager.
Section 09650 - Resilient Flooring and Base
1. Sheet vinyl or vinyl tile floor finishes may be used for support spaces.
2. Resilient stair treads and nosings are not required in exit stairs on a standard basis.
A brushed concrete finish is preferred.
3. Studded rubber flooring or 1/8" thick floor tiles are preferred for use in high-traffic
areas.
4. Base shall be a minimum of 4", coved at carpeted and resilient floors.
5. Flooring shall be non-slip.
Section 09680 - Carpeting
1. Provide transition strips for carpet to tile, or any dissimilar materials.
2. Use level loop for corridors, public spaces, heavy traffic areas, and exit stairs in
buildings four stories or less where FDOT desires to encourage the use of stairs
instead of elevators.
3. Minimum fiber is 100% 3rd generation, continuous filament nylon with static control
and 26-ounce minimum yarn weight.
4. Primary backing is polypropylene and secondary is unitary or synthetic with a
minimum of 15 lbs. tuft bind.
Section 09900 - Paint
1. All interior GWB walls and ceilings to be painted with washable semi-gloss latex
paint (except epoxy in janitor closet and restrooms).
2. Interior partition paint appearance shall be eggshell.
3. Doorframes and trim finishes shall be semi-gloss alkyd enamel.
4. The interior of all exterior walls shall be painted with latex (permeable) paint only.
The use of non-permeable finishes on these walls is prohibited.
DIVISION 10 - SPECIALTIES
Section 10155 - Toilet Compartments
1. Textured stainless steel over plywood or solid plastic is preferable.
2. Do not use particleboard as toilet partition substrate. Use marine-grade plywood.
3. Avoid matte dark plastic laminate colors.
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Section 10800 - Toilet and Bath Accessories
1. Toilet accessories include:
1. Grab bars with concealed mounting;
2. Dual roll toilet tissue dispensers;
3. C-fold paper towel dispenser with integral disposal; surface or semi-recessed
mounting;
4. Surface mounted feminine napkin disposals;
5. Soap dispensers
2. Toilet accessory finishes shall be brushed stainless steel. Finishes shall be
coordinated with each other, door hardware, and plumbing hardware.
3. Mirrors shall be full width of counter at floating counters or individual over wall
mounted lavatories. Provide warranty against silver spoilage.
DIVISION 11 - EQUIPMENT (Not Used) (Obtained through State Contract)
DIVISION 12 - FURNISHINGS (Not Used) (Obtained through State Contract)
DIVISION 13 - SPECIAL CONSTRUCTION (Not Used) (May be included per Project
Facility Program as needed.)
DIVISION 14 - CONVEYING SYSTEMS
Section 14200 - Elevators
1. Elevators shall be hydraulic in buildings 4 stories or less.
2. Hydraulic passenger elevators.
1. A minimum capacity of 2500 lbs.
2. Pre-engineered
3. 150 FPM hydraulic
4. Drop ceiling height of 9' min. (one elevator to have minimum 10'-0" if no
separate service elevator is provided).
5. Completely accessible emergency hatch.
6. Doors and frames shall be 36" wide center opening with No. 4 satin stainless
steel finish.
7. Wall finish shall be plastic laminate with stainless steel handrails on back and
both sidewalls.
8. Wall finish is No. 4 satin stainless steel on front wall.
9. Walls shall have stainless steel hooks for protection pads.
10. Completely accessible emergency hatch.
3.
Hydraulic Service elevators
1. A minimum capacity of 4000 lbs.
2. Pre-engineered
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3.
4.
4.
125 FPM hydraulic
Cab height shall be 10'-0" with a 2" x 2" silver anodized aluminum suspended
ceiling grid with satin stainless steel T-bars at 9' 6"
5. Doors and frames shall be 48" wide center opening with No. 4 satin stainless
steel finish
6. Wall and floor finishes are to match passenger elevators; (if in same proximity
as passenger elevators)
7. Walls shall have stainless steel hooks for protection pads.
8. Completely accessible emergency hatch.
9. The service elevator serves all floors including mechanical or penthouse floors.
Elevator equipment room walls shall be acoustically insulated.
DIVISION 15 - MECHANICAL
Section 15010 - Specific Design Features
1. Equipment selection block loads and life-cycle cost analyses shall be evaluated at
the design-development stage of the project. Life-cycle analyses shall be
performed in accordance with the Florida Energy Modeling Program (FEMP)
procedures (See Appendix 4.5). Proposed architectural features shall be the basis
of design. Subsequent architectural changes that affect the thermal performance of
the building such as wall insulation, site orientation, changes in area or
fenestration, etc. shall be reflected in an update to the HVAC load and life-cycle
analyses.
2. Design the HVAC system to maintain relative humidity at less than 60%.
3. Cooling and heating loads shall be based upon the actual intended occupancy and
internal loads as defined during the schematic design phase. Miscellaneous loads
shall be based upon actual number of computers and other heat-producing
appliances such as refrigerators, copiers, computers, servers, etc. For office space,
the occupant density shall be 250 sq. ft. per person, unless otherwise directed.
Consult with the FDOT Project Manager and document the design-load parameters
on the plans.
4. Provide HVAC design parameters in schedule format on the plans at the design
development phase. Specify outdoor design temperatures, indoor temperatures,
design humidity level, occupant density, and any other pertinent data or
assumptions that affect design.
5. Provide a ventilation schedule on the plans to demonstrate compliance with
ASHRAE Standard 62-1989 - Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality. A
schedule is required for each building/floor and shall include room number,
function, number of occupants, ventilation rate, ventilation methodology, subtotals,
and/or totals, and any related notes or assumptions. The ventilation design shall
utilize the intermittent or variable occupancy rate or indoor air quality procedures
where allowed in accordance with the standard. The design shall minimize or
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eliminate outside air during unoccupied periods. Utilize CO2 controls or demand
controlled ventilation approaches where cost effective.
Provide air balance schedule on the plans to demonstrate proper building
pressurization. The HVAC systems shall be design and controlled to maintain the
building and/or each floor at a slight positive pressure (i.e., (OA-EA)÷SAx100 shall
equal a positive 3 to 5 percent. OA=outside air, EA=Exhaust air, SA=supply air.)
The schedule shall include the room number or name, function, supply, exhaust,
transfer, and return air flow rates; subtotals for each air handler unit and/or floor.
Large conference rooms shall be designed to compensate for the shift in loads in
regard to outside air needs during occupied and unoccupied periods. Use a
building energy management system, switching, or other means to determine
occupancy. Do not use constant-volume systems.
Equipment rooms with transformers totaling 30 KVA or more, or over 4,000 Btu/hr
heat dissipation shall be indirectly air conditioned by one of the following methods,
listed according to preference:
1. Ducted parallel fan VAV terminal unit to circulate air into the equipment room
from the return air plenum (this method uses the building as a heat sink)
2. Exhaust fan which exhausts relief air from an adjacent space, or
3. Dedicated chilled water or DX fan coil unit
Show all equipment servicing requirements on the drawings; provide a minimum
clearance of 2'-6" from any wall adjacent to mechanical equipment.
Design chilled water systems with a 14o min. temperature differential.
Do not place temperature/humidity sensitive equipment in elevator equipment
rooms.
Do not place exposed ductwork on the roof or exterior of building.
Locate major HVAC and refrigeration equipment such as chillers, pumps,
expansion tanks, etc. in accessible mechanical rooms, preferably located on an
exterior wall with exterior access. Do not locate HVAC equipment on the roof
unless no other acceptable location exists or can be provided.
Where ductwork crosses on plans, indicate which duct is below with broken lines.
Ensure ducts, with insulation intact, will penetrate joist webs, roof trusses, and
other structural members.
Specify on the plans that HVAC equipment, such as fan terminal units, installed
above the ceiling shall be mounted as low as possible, e.g., not over tall spaces
such as entrance lobbies, for ease of maintenance. Avoid such equipment in or
close to critical noise areas such as conference rooms.
Air conditioning for communication closets or main telephone switch rooms with
expensive heat sensitive switchgear shall be designed to operate in accordance
with the equipment manufacturer's temperature/humidity requirements. Consult
with the project manager to determine other special air conditioning requirements in
these areas. Where feasible, indirectly condition the room similar to equipment
rooms mentioned above. If full-time year around air conditioning is required and
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chilled water is available, provide a chilled water fan coil unit located outside the
room with ductwork into the room. The unit shall have only a primary condensate
drain unless the location of other equipment and/or potential water damage
concerns dictate otherwise. The unit should be capable of maintaining the room
temperature and humidity within the equipment manufacturer's requirements
without the main building air system in operation.
17. Design mechanical rooms with ducted returns. Mechanical rooms that serve as
return-air plenums are prohibited.
18. Design ventilation systems in accordance with the latest edition of the "Industrial
Ventilation - a Manual of Recommended Practice", by the American Conference of
Governmental Industrial Hygienists.
Section 15245 - Vibration Isolation
1. Pumps, fans and other equipment subject to vibration shall be checked and tested
at the full set of speed ranges available from the controls. Maximum acceptable
vibration levels shall be specified.
2.
Specify spring-isolated inertia bases for pumps located in off-grade mechanical
rooms and direct mount pump bases on housekeeping pads when located at grade
level.
Section 15250 - Mechanical Insulation
1. All chilled and hot water piping through walls shall be in sleeves, continuously
insulated, and fire proofed as required.
2. Specify only exterior insulated ductwork. Specify flexible blanket with exterior vapor
barrier for concealed and inaccessible exposed ducts and semi-rigid board-type
insulation with exterior vapor barrier in exposed areas, such as in mechanical
rooms, up to 10'-0" elevation.
Section 15300 - Fire Protection System
1. Fire sprinkler systems shall be designed and installed in accordance with NFPA 13.
2. Specify locating sprinkler heads away from switchgear and/or cable racks.
3. In computer, LAN, Tel/Comm, and other rooms with expensive switchgear or
electrical components, provide automatically operating on/off flow control sprinkler
heads. These heads feature dual-thermal elements with on/off control to reduce the
possibility of water damage due to physical abuse.
Section 15400 - Basic Plumbing Requirements
1. According to Chapter 553, Florida Statutes, potty parity (ratio of toilet facilities for
men and women) does not apply to office buildings. Potty parity applies to large
Assemble Occupancies. Design the plumbing systems in accordance with the
Florida Building Code.
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No domestic water or sanitary piping shall pass through Communication rooms.
Specify floor drains with trap primers in all plumbing chases.
Domestic cold and hot water mains and risers, and horizontal roof drainage piping
shall be insulated with1-inch thick fiberglass preformed insulation with all-service
jacket and PVC fitting covers.
Section 15410 - Plumbing Piping and Specialties
1. Specify U.S. manufactured pipe, valves, and fittings.
2. Domestic water piping shall be copper in accordance with the applicable ASTM
standards for below grade (type K) and above grade (type L) use.
3. Roof drainage piping material is the same as sanitary waste and vent.
Section 15411 - Water Distribution Piping
1. Specify backflow preventers that are reduced-pressure type that meet requirements
of local authorities having jurisdiction. Conceal or screen the unit from view by the
general public. An indoor location is preferred. Provide an enclosure when the unit
is located outdoors and specify bolting the enclosure to the concrete pad.
Section 15420 - Drainage and Vent Systems
1. Specify cleanouts as required by code. Keep cleanouts away from entry walks,
doorways, and out of public and tenant use areas.
2. Locate cleanouts on lavatory walls inside the toilet rooms.
3. Specify trap primers on floor drains as required by code.
4. Condensate shall be piped to a storm. Provide backwater valves at condensate-tostorm sewer connections per the SPC. Do not intermingle roof drains from different
roof elevations. Vent roof drains to open catch basins next to building. Run
condensate lines separately to catch basin.
5. Exposed condensate piping from air handler units, fan coils, etc. shall be piped with
Type L copper pipe with DWV fittings. Exposed PVC condensate piping is
prohibited.
6. Sanitary waste and vent piping used with ducted air returns may be schedule 40
PVC. Use no-hub or bell and spigot standard weight cast iron meeting applicable
CISPI Standard 301 with return-air plenums and for piping above and below grade.
Section 15440 - Plumbing Fixtures
1. Specify like plumbing fixtures throughout the buildings at each campus unless
otherwise directed or authorized in writing.
2. Specify a double-unit drinking fountain mounted in a high/low position. Electric
water coolers shall be wall mounted and provide a minimum of 5GPH of 500F
drinking water at 700F ambient air temperature.
3. Lavatories shall be vitreous china (preferred) or integral solid surface bowls in solid
surface counters. A backsplash is required in toilet lavatories (4" min. height).
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Lavatories will have cold water only in restrooms and hot and cold water in break
room areas and janitor closets.
Water closets shall be wall hung, white vitreous china, elongated, lever handle flush
valve, with open front seat, and suitable heavy-duty carriers.
Urinals shall be wall hung, white-vitreous china, elongated bowls, and lever-handle
flush valve, with suitable wall hangers, high-back design.
Specify cast brass adjustable P-trap.
Specify angle stops and supplies.
Service sinks shall be floor mounted either molded stone or terrazzo.
Specify washerless faucets.
Water heaters (serving service sinks and other sinks) shall be high efficiency
electric, storage type, with glass-lined tank of minimal capacity.
Hose bibbs shall be chrome plated with a ¾” hose connection, vacuum breaker,
and key-handle operator. Specify exterior hose bibbs with vacuum breakers located
on each side of the building spaced no farther than 150' apart. Provide frost-free
units where applicable.
P-trap and supply lines on accessible lavatories shall be insulated.
Section 15510 - Hydronic Piping and Specialties
1. Delete bypass valves and piping on chilled-water systems that utilize 2-way control
valves.
2. Specify a ball valve and a pipe plug on coil maintenance drains or future pipe
connections.
3. HVAC equipment, components, etc. shall be consistently identified on the plans
and in the field after installation. Only one identification scheme shall be used
throughout the project.
4. Cooling towers with below-grade sumps shall be provided with high and low-level
alarms. The low-level alarm shall sound prior to the pump cavitating, but well after
makeup water should have been supplied.
5. Pumps with Variable Speed Drives (VSD) controls shall be reviewed to assure that
proper cooling and lubrication takes place at all speeds. Lowest VSD rpm should
be clearly shown on the drawings.
6. Central energy plant systems such as chilled water shall be controlled in the same
manner, pumps shall be controlled the same, chilled water controls to the building
shall be the same on multiple buildings, etc.
7. Require pipe welder certification to be current, within 3 months, and that it cover the
type and weld position of welds required for the project.
8. Require hydrostatic tests for hydronic piping systems. Prohibit the use of air or any
other compressible gas as a testing medium.
9. Include specifications to clean and treat the hydronic piping systems including
chilled water, hot water, steam, and condensate systems.
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Section 15540 - HVAC Pumps
1. Pumps and other items of equipment intended as backup shall be served by a
separate and distinct set of controls, starters, etc. so that full backup is provided.
2. Pumps with speed control shall be reviewed to assure that proper cooling and
lubrication takes place at all speeds. Specify the lowest rpm on the drawings and/or
in the project manual.
3. Pumps and other equipment subject to vibration shall be checked and tested at the
full set of speed ranges available from the controls. Maximum acceptable vibration
levels shall be specified on the plans.
Section 15711 - Cooling Towers
1. The use and type of cooling tower shall be determined via LCCA (life-cycle cost
analysis) methods based upon actual site conditions such as the tower elevation
relative to chiller, hours of operation, wet-bulb temperature bin hours, water
treatment requirements, cost of make-up water, hours of operation, operation and
maintenance costs.
Section 15855 - Air Handling Units
1. Variable-air-volume (VAV) air handler units shall utilize Variable-Speed Drives
(VSD) in lieu of Inlet Guide Vanes (IGV).
2. Review published turndown data for AHU's to ensure acceptable vibration and
noise levels are maintained throughout the required operating range. Specify the
maximum acceptable noise and vibration levels on the plans in accordance with
ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals' guidelines.
Section 15860 - Fans
1. Fans shall be sized and specified to provide low noise and vibration levels.
2. Specify the maximum-acceptable noise and vibration levels on the plans for fans
over five motor horsepower.
Section 15890 - Ductwork
1. Ducts shall be designed for the water column pressure available from the fan
motor(s) with the speed controls and/or dampers and other pressure controlling
devices in the peak-load condition.
2. Ducts shall be constructed of G-90 galvanized steel sheet.
3. Specify sealing transverse and longitudinal seams regardless of pressure class.
4. Specify duct pressure test procedures and duct-pressure testing prior to installing
insulation.
5. Duct insulation shall be minimum of R-10.
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Section 15933 - Air Terminals
1. Specify parallel fan powered VAV boxes for the exterior zones and straight VAV
units for interior zones in office facilities.
Section 15975 - Energy-Management and Control System
1. Unless directed otherwise in writing, specify and design a Direct Digital Control
(DDC) Energy Management and Control System (EMCS) for the HVAC system,
security, lighting, and fire alarm systems. The control system drawings and
specifications are the responsibility of the engineer. The engineer shall coordinate
the design with the controls system contractor.
2. Power energy-management and control system through an uninterruptible power
supply (UPS) to avoid outages.
3. Provide a schedule of DDC points, control diagram, and comprehensive sequence
of operations for each type, piece, and configuration of HVAC equipment (e.g. fans,
air handler units, fan terminal units, chillers, etc). Specify only those points
necessary to operate the system in accordance with the design intent. The
sequence of operations should address occupied, unoccupied, winter, summer,
and Test & Balance (T &B) operating modes.
4. The EMCS shall minimize or shut off outside air and eliminate reheat during
unoccupied periods and control humidity during both occupied and unoccupied
periods.
5. Where air flow metering does not exist or other design requirements dictate,
provide CO2 sensing in return-air plenums or ducts on large office buildings and
trend this point to monitor (indirectly) air quality and to activate additional ventilation
as required.
6. Unless specified otherwise, the EMCS shall be fully integrated and include a
personal computer operator interface for HVAC systems with 150 tons or more
cooling capacity. Systems with less than 150 tons or where a budget deficit exists,
shall utilize time clocks and/or programmable unitary controllers. In all installations,
the EMCS shall incorporate stand-alone module system architecture and not be
dependent on the central processing unit (CPU) for routine operations. The CPU
communicates with the stand-alone modules via phone lines and a modem or other
method and provides supervisory control of modules.
7. The EMCS shall maintain the controlled variables at their set points within the
following tolerances:
1. Space temperature:
 1.00 F
2. Duct temperature:
 1.00 F
3. Relative humidity:
 5%
4. Pressure differential:
 5%
5. Air flow rate:
 5%
6. Water flow rate:
 5%
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8.
The CPU, laptop, and related peripheral equipment shall be equal to the industry
standard available at the time the controls system contract is executed and be
adequate to operate the system in accordance with the design intent.
9. Care shall be taken to assure that the equipment/component I.D. numbers, the
building management system I.D. numbers, and the control systems are the same.
10. Central energy plant systems such as chilled water shall be controlled in the same
manner and/or standardized throughout the facility; pumps and chilled water
controls to the building shall be the same on multiple buildings, etc.
DIVISION 16 - ELECTRICAL
Section 16025 - Quality Control Items
1. All bolted or screwed electrical connections shall be tightened to specified torque
with a torque wrench or torque screwdriver.
2. Every duplex receptacle shall be tested for polarity grounding and GFI protection
with a plug-in tester.
3. Provide an electrical system testing specification describing; tests to be performed,
acceptance criteria, timely notice to the owner to witness tests, and furnishing test
results to owner.
4. Provide maintenance schedules incorporating manufacturer's recommendations.
Maintenance schedules shall address status information on switchgear:
replacement of indicator light bulbs, resetting of targets and testing of relays and
controls.
5. Provide a list of over-current relay settings, ground fault relay settings and settings
for adjustable circuit breakers. Relays shall be tested and the settings verified.
Responsibility for detailed operational parameters and protection rests with the
Design Professional and shall have manufacturer's acceptance.
6. At completion of building construction, the Design Professional shall verify that the
differentiation between normal power, emergency power, and optional standby
power has been maintained at all levels. Emergency power shall be limited to those
devices essential to the operation of the building under emergency.
7. Circuit breakers in the emergency power system and optional standby system shall
be coordinated so that a fault on the optional standby system will trip the correct
circuit breaker and leave emergency power on and functioning.
8. Provide comprehensive on-site and factory training on electrical equipment
operation and safety concerns for personnel who will operate the buildings (3 or 4
individuals).
Section 16050 - Basic Requirements
1. Provide complete, safe, efficient, cost effective, operational systems for lighting,
power, security, fire safety, and communications.
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Plans and specifications shall be adapted to local conditions, including salt air near
oceans or acidic soils.
Check with the Project Manager for the latest list of electrical components available
for purchase on State Contracts, including light fixtures, lamps, switches,
panelboards, communications, data, etc. Use these items in building design.
Clean power systems for computers shall be provided only in raised floor,
mainframe computer rooms. Convenience outlets for offices, which may be used
for desktop computers, shall be limited to four receptacles per circuit.
Section 16110 - Conduit and Raceway
1. Minimum conduit sizes shall be 3/4" diameter for runs with up to five No. 12 AWG
conductors and ½” diameter for flexible conduit to connect light fixtures.
2. Metal conduit connections shall be tight to ensure electrical continuity. PVC conduit
connections shall be solvent welded.
3. Underground high voltage circuits, over 600 volts shall be installed in concrete
encased PVC conduit, type DB, 4" diameter or greater. The top of the concrete
envelope shall be more than 24" below grade.
4. Rigid galvanized steel conduit or IMC may be direct buried, exposed to damage,
exposed to weather, or cast in concrete.
5. Conduits concealed in walls or ceilings shall be EMT.
6. Plastic conduit may be used in lieu of rigid steel conduit in unexposed locations.
Rigid galvanized steel ells and RGS turn-ups above the slab shall be used.
7. Flexible conduit and liquid-tight in wet locations may be used for connections to
light fixtures, dry-type transformers, and equipment with noise, vibration, or motion
problems.
8. Wireways shall be galvanized steel with hinged cover.
9. Cable tray or J hooks shall be provided for telecommunications systems with 2 or
more entries into communications rooms spaced to prevent crowding. Details on
the plans shall clearly depict the method of installation and a coordinated path for
the tray to follow. This is not to require fittings for the tray. Good engineering
practice would indicate that these cables can rise, or drop as much as 2 feet
without difficulty or without bends and special fitting.
Section 16120 - Wires and Cables
1. Conductors shall be stranded copper wire sizes No. 12 AWG and larger.
2. 600-volt insulation for wires and cables shall be type THHN / TWHN.
3. Insulation for primary voltages over 600 volts shall be type XLP.
4. Neutrals or equipment grounding conductors #4 AWG and larger may be black
insulated wire identified by white or green tape in lieu of white or green insulation,
per NEC. Phase conductors #8 AWG may be color coded with tape. Apply 3 bands
of colored tape, 3/4" wide and 1" apart with four wraps of tape in each band, at
each end of each wire.
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Color Coding by Voltage, wire insulation colors to be used for:
208/120 volts
480/277 volts
Phase Conductors - brown, orange, yellow
black, red, blue;
Neutral natural gray
white
Ground
green
green
Section 16126 - Communications Cable
1. Telephone and data communications wiring shall be Category 5 type.
Section 16130 - Boxes and Fittings
1. Boxes for concealed work shall be minimum 4" square steel, 1-2" deep.
2. Boxes for exposed or exterior work shall be aluminum with threaded hubs.
3. EMT fittings shall be compression type steel fittings.
Section 16140 - Wiring Devices
1. Receptacles shall be commercial grade, NEMA 5-20R, side wired, grounding type.
2. All branch circuits shall be electrically continuous when any receptacle is removed.
3. Switches shall be specification grade 125/277 volt 20 ampere, poles as required.
4. Cover plates shall be standard size plastic with smooth finish.
5. Color for switches, receptacles, and cover plates shall be selected by the owner.
6. Special purpose receptacles shall be provided to suit equipment requirements.
Section 16160 - Enclosures and Cabinets
1. Enclosures and cabinets for electrical equipment shall be welded construction.
Section 16180 - Electric Motors
1. Specify high-efficiency type electric motors.
Section 16185 - Motor Controls
1. Specify starters with an H-O-A switch, horsepower rated, and with melting alloy
thermal overloads for each pole and auxiliary contacts as appropriate.
2. All motor starters in one project shall be products of one manufacturer. When
adding to existing facilities, new motor starters shall match the existing, if possible.
Section 16186 - Adjustable Speed Controllers
1. Adjustable Speed Controllers for AC motors may be used in lieu of throttling for
control of airflow or fluid flow.
2. Surge suppressors for control loops for adjustable speed drives shall be provided to
prevent damage from lightning and transferred potentials if the loop extends to
another building or is over 100' long.
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Section 16190 - Electrical Supporting Devices
1. Use UL approved pillows of fire stop material which can be removed and restacked to allow reuse of the fire stop materials when cables are added to or
removed from penetrations of fire walls.
2. Conduits, cable trays, boxes and fittings shall be hung from the building structure
with metal supports. No electrical item shall be hung from pipes or ductwork.
Section 16195 - Electrical Identification
1. Electric panel identifiers shall include the number of the room in which they are
located.
2. Electrical Panels shall have an engraved laminated plastic label attached with glue
and screws with the panel identifier in 1" letters and voltage rating in 2" letters.
3. Embossed plastic tape labels are not be used.
4. Panels shall have typewritten directories.
Section 16200 - Power Generation
1. Emergency generators, when provided, shall be driven by a diesel or natural gas
engine. The generator shall be a brushless design with solid-state exciter.
2. If an emergency power system is provided, overcurrent-t coordination shall prevent
a short circuit on any branch circuit from disabling any other emergency branch
circuit.
Section 16300 - Medium Voltage Distribution Equipment
1. Medium-voltage equipment, over 600 volts and less than 40,000 volts, if installed
indoors, shall be in a separate, dedicated, locked medium-voltage equipment room.
Outdoors, medium-voltage equipment shall be installed in a pad-mounted,
weatherproof, locked metal cabinet that completely encloses all terminals and
equipment and complies with the National Electrical Safety Code.
2. Provide landscaping to shield out-of-doors, medium-voltage installations from view.
Section 16320 - Transformers
1. Coordinate location of transformers with HVAC equipment.
2. Dry Type Transformers shall be UL labeled, manufactured with 220O C insulation
O
O
and designed for a maximum of 150 C rise above a 40 C ambient.
3. Provide sound isolation including a neoprene pad under transformer sized for the
weight of transformer installed and flexible metal conduit for electrical connections.
4. Aluminum transformer windings may be used.
5. Autotransformers may be used where appropriate.
6. Transformers 30 KVA and larger shall be floor mounted.
7. Ground-bonding jumper, required by NEC 250-28, shall be connected directly to
the "X0" terminal at the transformer.
8. K-13 Rating transformer shall be used for computers.
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Section 16330 Power Factor Correction
1. Power factor correcting capacitors shall not cause more than 10% overvoltage
during light load periods.
2. Automatic switching may be provided to prevent overvoltage.
Section 16390 - Grounding
1. Each building shall have a copper No 2 AWG minimum ground ring per NEC 25081. The ground ring may be installed in footings or grade beams as a concrete
encased electrode encircling the building. Splices and connection to the ground
ring shall be cadwelded.
2. Ground rings and details shall be included in structural drawings of foundations if
conductors penetrate concrete.
3. Provide a detailed grounding plan showing all ground electrodes, grounding
electrode conductors, bonding to other grounded systems, grounding for separately
derived systems and ground connections for communications equipment.
4. An equipment-grounding conductor shall be installed in every feeder and branch
circuit conduit and raceway.
5. Equipment grounding conductors installed in metal conduits or raceways shall be
bonded to that conduit or raceway at both ends of the run, to minimize ground
impedance.
6.
7.
8.
A separate grounding bus, a "ground source," shall be installed on the wall of a
communications room but not in an electrical room. (An electrical room has the
equipment grounding bus inside the panelboards to comply with NEC.)
Medium-voltage, outdoor, pad-mounted equipment shall be grounded to a ground
ring 3' from the pad and 3' below grade with 20' x 5/8" copperweld ground rods at
each corner of the ground ring with 2 ground electrode conductors going to
opposite sides of the ring. The ground ring shall be the same size as the grounding
electrode conductor and No. 2 min. PVC conduits may be cast into the pad for the
ground electrode conductor.
Main ground shall be bonded to main cold water pipe and building reinforcing steel.
Section 16420 - Service Entrance Equipment
1. Short circuit currents for the service entrance, including motor contributions, shall
be listed on the electrical1-line diagram showing the service entrance.
2. A load calculation complying with NEC Article 220 shall be included on the singleline diagram showing the service entrance and shall be used to size the service
entrance equipment. Service entrance equipment shall not exceed NEC by more
than 50%.
3. The "six switch" rule for service disconnects may be used to avoid 480-volt
breakers with GFI protection.
4. Buses shall be copper.
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7.
8.
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Spare fuses mounted in a wall cabinet shall be provided for fusible devices.
Analog voltmeters and ammeters shall not be installed in service equipment.
Instrumentation for building automation systems may be installed on service
entrances.
Service entrances for 600 volts or less shall have surge suppressors with shunt
type protection and high-energy metal oxide varistors as the primary suppression
element.
The metering systems used for the electrical distribution equipment may include
phase voltage, phase amperes, kW demand peak retained and current value, KWH
totalizing.
NOTE: The meter accuracy is for billing purposes on KWH and 0.5% on all others
for the full range of the CT and PT ratings. The metering is to be electronic with the
capability to be hot linked via FCN/WWW. These meters may be connected to the
building management system, depending on the size of the building.
Section 16440 - Disconnect Switches
1. Safety switches shall be heavy duty, quick-make, quick-break, horsepower rated in
an appropriate NEMA enclosure.
Section 16470 - Panelboards
1. Panelboards shall be dead-front with bolt-on thermal magnetic circuit breakers with
copper buses.
2. A panelboard shall have a main breaker if it is fed from a panel in another room or
if a main breaker is required by code.
3. All panel boards on one project shall be the product of one manufacturer. When
adding to an existing facility, new panels shall match the existing.
4. Provide 25% spares in 120/208-volt and in 277/480-volt panelboards.
5. Switchboard is to be service entrance labeled, dead-front, metal enclosed, front
connected, free standing with ground fault protection for all devices rated 480 volts
and 1,000 amperes or greater.
6. Main device shall be circuit breaker or fusible bolted pressure contact switch.
Distribution devices shall be group mounted fusible switches or molded case circuit
breakers.
7. Fusible devices shall have spare fuses mounted in a wall cabinet.
8. Panelboards service computers shall have the neutral service conductor oversized
by 200%.
9. All branch circuits serving computers shall have a separate neutral.
Section 16500 - Interior Lighting
1. Lighting loads shall not exceed 1.5 watts per square foot in any room. The owner
shall approve exceptions for rooms with ceiling heights above 12' and other special
applications.
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2.
A life cycle cost analysis shall be submitted if occupancy sensors, photocells, or
other energy conservation devices are specified.
3. Interior lighting levels shall be the lesser of the average maintained levels listed in
the IES Handbook or the levels listed below:
1. General office space
50 foot-candles
2. Conference rooms
30 foot-candles
3. Corridors
10 foot-candles
4. Toilet rooms
20 foot-candles
5. Storage rooms
20 foot-candles
4. General office space shall be lighted via standard 2' x 4' 2 or 3-lamp fluorescent
parabolic lighting fixtures. Indirect lighting is used for VDT screens, training rooms,
conference rooms and offices for visual comfort.
5. Use1-lamp 1 x 4 fluorescent fixtures in corridors with long axis of fixture aligned
with the long dimension of the corridor.
6. Toilet rooms may be lighted with a combination of any or all of the following:
1. Recessed 2' x 4', 2-lamp fluorescent troffer with 0.125" acrylic prismatic lens,
2. Cove mounted 2-lamp fluorescent strips with parabolic-louver shielding,
3. Extruded aluminum wall mounted 2-lamp fluorescent lighting fixture with up and
down light components.
7. Ballasts shall be electronic, operating at 20-megahertz min., with less than 10%
total harmonic distortion, with 5-year warranty.
8. Semi-specular louvers and reflectors shall have fingerprint and dust-resistant finish.
9. The Project Manager shall approve use of 2' x 4' fluorescent fixtures.
10. Exit lights shall have white poly carbonate, easy snap housing with 6" stroke red
letters and LED lamps with a 25-year warranty.
Section 16501 - Lamps
1. Energy efficient lamps shall be installed where economically feasible.
2. Incandescent lamps, including tungsten halogen lamps, shall only be used for
seldom-visited areas like elevator pits and attics, and in explosion proof fixtures.
3. Fluorescent lamps shall be energy efficient types and all fluorescent lamps of one
size shall be the same color. The preferred lamp is T8 32 watt 800 series CRI of 80
to 85 and color temperature 4100 Kelvin.
Section 16522 - Roadway and Parking Area Lighting
1. Selection of light poles style, color, and luminaries shall be coordinated with the
Project Manager.
2. A foot-candle illumination plan will be provided for the parking areas and all major
public walkways adjacent to the building.
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4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
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The maximum variation of exterior lighting from maximum to minimum is ten to one
(10:1). The minimum exterior light levels shall be:
1. Building entrances
4.0 foot-candles
2. Arterial roads
1.2 foot-candles
3. Local roads
1.0 foot-candle
4. Parking areas
1.0 foot-candle
5. Sidewalks
1.0 foot-candle.
All site lighting and signage shall be controlled by a photocell and timer located
within the buildings, or by the Building Management System. See Division 15.
A street light fixture 30 ft. above finished grade shall be located at each corner of
major intersections and at the free right turn medians.
Locate lights on alternating sides of the road from the intersection as required to
meet the design criteria.
The site lighting design for roadways, parking and sidewalks shall have light poles
of the type, height and the number of fixtures that yield the lowest life cycle cost.
Entry doors shall be illuminated by a light fixture in the soffit above the door.
Use of bollards with lights or other low level lighting fixtures require approval by the
Project Manager.
Section 16535 - Emergency Lighting
1. Battery pack lighting and emergency standby are not acceptable unless preapproved. Emergency generators/distribution systems are the preferred method.
Section 16590 - Hazardous Location Fixtures
1. Explosion proof fluorescent light fixtures using 48" T8 or T12 lamps are not
acceptable. Use halogen, HID, or compact fluorescent lamps as indicated by life
cycle cost analysis.
2. Vandal resistance light fixtures shall be supplied if required by the program.
Section 16610 - Transient Voltage Surge Suppression System
1. TVSS: Transient voltage surge suppression system shall be provided at all branch
circuit panelboards. The surge suppression system shall start at the main
distribution panelboards and improve in quality and class at each point. The state
will provide the suppression devices at the point of use.
2. TVSS mounting and wiring shall conform to the manufacturers instructions. Provide
a suitable circuit breaker. The wiring to take the most direct route from TVSS to
ground bus.
3. Class "C" surge protection on the primary panel and class "B" surge protection on
breaker panel may be provided for both convenience power as well as lighting
power circuits. Also, Class “A” surge protection may be used on actual loads.
4. Secondary service entrance shall be provided with a surge suppressor with shunt
type protection circuitry, and high energy metal oxide varistors as the primary
suppression element
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February 2002
The TVSS system shall be designed, manufactured, tested and installed in
accordance with current adopted editions of the following:
• ANSI / IEEE
• NEMA Standards
• National Electric Code (NEC)
• Underwriters Laboratories UL 1449 – Safety Standard, and
• UL 1283 – Standard for EMI / RFI
Section 16670 Lightning Protection
1. Only UL listed lightning protection systems complying with NFPA 780, Lightning
Protection Code may be installed.
2. Provide a Class B UL master label lightning protection system using copper air
terminals and conductor.
3. Structural steel roof framing and steel columns shall be used as roof conductor and
down conductors per NFPA 780 3-19.1.
4. Down conductors shall be provided at all exterior corners of a building with
additional down conductors to satisfy code requirements. (An "L" shaped building
has five exterior corners.)
5. Flag poles shall be aluminum and shall be grounded with a No. 2 bare copper cable
electrically continuous from the pole grounding lug to a 20’ x 5/8” copperweld
ground rod driven until the top of the rod is 24" below grade.
6. Underground circuits installed in PVC conduit or direct buried, may be protected
from lightning by installing a bare copper counterpoise, solid No. 4 wire or larger,
laid 6" above the PVC conduits or 6" above direct buried cable or on top of the
concrete envelope, if used, with one counterpoise per duct bank. The counterpoise
is bonded to a building ground electrode or a driven ground rod at each end.
7. Provide surge protection for any wiring that connects to building.
Section 16720 - Building Security Equipment
1. Provide a complete combination manual automatic, zoned, supervised fire alarms
system capable of interfacing with the existing Capitol Security Office Fire
Command Center and connected to the local fire department.
Section 16740 - Voice and Data Systems
1. Provide a premise distribution system to serve as a vehicle for transport of data and
voice telephone signals throughout the building from designated demarcation
points to outlets located at various desks, workstations and other locations.
2. Each office location shall contain the following systems outlets minimum:
1. 2 data ports and 2 communications ports mounted in an extra-deep 2-gang
box.
2. 2 duplex 20-ampere outlets mounted in a double-gang box. This outlet to be
located directly adjacent to the data/communications outlets described herein.
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3. 2 additional duplex outlets mounted on other walls in the same room.
Care shall be exercised to coordinate locations with layouts for best outlet locations
in each area. Portable or open space furnishings shall use outlet drop systems
designed for use therewith.
Section 16745 - Telecommunications Wiring Components
1. Standards for Telecommunications:
1. TIA/EIA 568 Commercial Building Telecommunications Wiring Standard.
2. TIA/EIA 569 Commercial Building Standard for Telecommunications Pathways
and Spaces.
3. TIA/EIA 606 Administration Standard for the Telecommunications
Infrastructure of Commercial Buildings.
4. TIA/EIA 607 Commercial Building Grounding and Bonding Requirements for
Telecommunications.
5. TSB67 Transmission Performance Specifications for Field Testing of
Unshielded Twisted-Pair Cabling Systems.
6. TSB72 Centralized Optical Fiber Cabling Guidelines.
7. IEEE 802.3 LAN Standard for Ethernet
8. IEEE 802.3i LAN Standard for Ethernet 10-Base-T
9. UL Underwriter's Laboratories
10. BICSI Telecommunications Distribution Methods Manual
11. ISO/IEC 11801 the International Organization for Standardization/the
International Electrotechnical Commission-Generic Cabling for Customer
Premises
12. Communications Outlets
1. CT faceplates
2. CT4-FP-(XX) - Single gang plastic faceplate for one coupler
3. CT8-FP-(XX) - Double gang plastic faceplate for four couplers
4. CT-MFP-(XX) - Modular furniture adapter
END OF CHAPTER 2
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CHAPTER 3
FACILITY-SPECIFIC GUIDELINES
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
Auto Shops ........................................................................................................3-3
Control Houses ..................................................................................................3-5
Crew Buildings...................................................................................................3-7
Information Kiosks ...........................................................................................3-11
Maintenance/Construction Yards.....................................................................3-13
Materials Labs .................................................................................................3-17
Office Buildings................................................................................................3-19
Picnic Shelters .................................................................................................3-21
Pre-engineered metal buildings .......................................................................3-23
Pump Houses ..................................................................................................3-27
Refueling Stations............................................................................................3-29
Rest Areas .......................................................................................................3-31
Shop and Warehouses ....................................................................................3-43
Storage Facilities .............................................................................................3-45
Towers .............................................................................................................3-47
Vehicle Washes...............................................................................................3-49
Vending Pavilions (Stand-Alone) .....................................................................3-51
Warehouses ....................................................................................................3-53
Wastewater Treatment Plants .........................................................................3-55
Weigh Stations ................................................................................................3-57
Well & Water Treatment Plants .......................................................................3-63
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February 2002
AUTO SHOPS
Auto Shops are facilities where Department vehicles are serviced and repaired. They
generally have service bays with vehicle lifts and/or service pits. Mechanical systems
included in most Shops are: high-pressure pneumatic systems for operating airpowered tools, high-pressure hydraulic systems for operating the lifts, low-pressure
hydraulic systems for dispensing vehicle lubricants, vehicle exhaust evacuation
systems, etc. Each of these will have its own power distribution system, compressor,
generator, piping system, etc. Generally not mechanically cooled, auto shops will
usually have passive and power ventilation, and radiant heating systems.
The Auto Shops are business and industrial occupancies and may be comprised of a
large vehicle service area (separate facilities with capability to service/repair small
vehicles (cars, pickups, vans, etc.) and large vehicles (dump trucks, tractors, ‘dozers,
etc.) with adjacent offices and storage facilities.
Some Auto Shops may have refueling facilities as a part of the building function.
Others may be a part of a Shop and Warehouse building. The building structure is
generally either concrete masonry unit or pre-engineered rigid-frame metal
construction.
While some Auto Shops may have underground hydraulic lifts, it is recommended that
new facilities be designed with aboveground vehicle lifts.
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February 2002
CONTROL HOUSES (on Moveable Bridges)
A control house is the >building= designed as part of a moveable bridge that is occupied
by the bridge operator. This facility houses the business functions, and mechanical &
electrical systems used to operate the bridge:
Refer to the Structures Design Guidelines (LRFD) (Topic No. 625-020-150), Section
10.8 for the architectural requirements for moveable bridge control houses.
Bridge Control House
(Sample Elevation and Floor Plan)
(Design may vary)
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February 2002
CREW BUILDINGS
Modular facilities design
- Ease of expansion
- Utilities infrastructure in place for expansion
- Water supply lines / stub-ups, capped off
- Sanitary sewer piping / stub-ups, capped off
- Electrical panels sized to allow additional circuits / fixtures
Structure:
- Extremely durable / designed for >worst-case= structural conditions, wind
loads, soil conditions, etc.
- Coastal areas/corrosive environments: consider non-corrosive materials: i.e.,
concrete, CMU, where feasible.
- Foundation / Floors - slab on grade w/ monolithic or strip footings.
- Walls / columns - concrete masonry unit (CMU), reinforced concrete, or preengineered metal building as appropriate for location.
Roof:
-
>Common= structural systems (recyclable materials)
Light-gauge metal trusses
Pre-engineered metal building
Designed for 20 year life / warranty
Metal roofing system over substrate
Few penetrations
Well ventilated
Avoid roof slopes of less than 3" to12"
Finishes:
- Floors in restrooms, crew rooms and offices to be vinyl tile all others to be
designed for durability / maintenance epoxy coatings or hardened concrete.
- Walls separating interior crew storage areas to be chain link fencing or CMU
- Exterior walls to be designed for durability / vandal-resistance / maintenance
- Exterior walls of CMU, stucco, metal panels
- Interior walls of crew rooms, and offices to be 5/8" sheet rock with latex paint
- Interior walls of restrooms and dressing rooms to be ceramic tile over 2"
cement board or epoxy coated CMU
Ceilings
Ceiling in storage areas to be chain link fencing, insulation to be installed along
roof structure and encapsulated. Ceilings in restrooms, crew rooms and offices
to be 2'x2' acoustical tile with a ceiling height of 8'
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Office space
Each office to be approx. 140 s.f. with provisions for mechanical, electrical, and
data rooms.
Crew rooms
Provide a crew room for each crew. Room to include one locker for each
anticipated crew member. Room should be twice as large as corresponding crew
storage area.
Crew storage
50% of crew storage to be 90 s.f., 25% of crew storage to be 130 s.f., and 25%
of crew storage to be 150 s.f. Each crew storage area is to open to the exterior
of building and be located on ground floor, Provide overhang at exterior doors to
facilitate loading/unloading of vehicles in inclement weather.
Rest rooms/dressing rooms
Provide dressing rooms for both male and female, include a locker for each
anticipated crew member; include two or three showers in each rest
room/dressing room.
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Facility Specific Guidelines
DN
UP
OFFICE
CREW
ROOM
OFFICE
CREW
ROOM
OFFICE
OFFICE
CREW
ROOM
OFFICE
SECOND FLOOR PLAN
OFFICE
CREW
ROOM
BREEZEWAY
CREW
ROOM
MISC.
STORAGE
FIRST FLOOR PLAN
CONCRETE WALKWAY
CREW CREW
STOR. STOR.
CREW CREW
CREW CREW STOR. STOR.
STOR. STOR.
CREW
ROOM
OPEN
CREW CREW
STORAGESTOR. STOR.
OPEN
STORAGE
8' ROLL
DATA
UP DOOR TELE.
OFFICE
CREW
ROOM
OFFICE
MECH.
ELECT.
CREW
ROOM
WOMEN'S RESTROOM
AND LOCKER
JANITOR
MEN'S RESTROOM
AND LOCKER
BREEZEWAY
BREEZEWAY
CREW CREW CREW CREW
STOR. STOR. STOR. STOR.
DN
UP
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Facility Specific Guidelines
PAINTED STUCCO
LOUVERED METAL DOOR
CHAIN LINK ENCLOSURE
ALUMINUM WINDOW
VENDING
MACHINES
(N.I.C.)
METAL ROOF
PANELS
REAR ELEVATION
DOWNSPOUT
FRONT ELEVATION
PAINTED STUCCO
VENDING
MACHINES
(N.I.C.)
METAL ROOF PANEL
CHAIN LINK ENCLOSU
ALUMINUM WIND
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February 2002
3-10
Topic 625-020-016-a
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4.
February 2002
INFORMATION KIOSKS (at Rest Areas)
The Information Kiosk is a standardized, freestanding double-sided directory case with
cover that permits the Department to place public information at rest areas. The kiosk
usually contains travelers aid information such as the state map, roadway construction
information (where traffic delays might be expected); other items of interest such as
state wildflower program, runaway or lost children, etc.
12
22 ga. Metal Roof
w/Kynar 500 Finish
6
2"x4" Aluminum Framing
w/ Kynar 500 Finish
Sample Text to Vary by Lo
typ.
Double-Sided Directory
Top Illuminated Suspended
Between 4x12 Alum. Posts
FLORIDA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
Directory = 45" x 74" (36" x 70
Aluminum Frame w/ Kynar 500
Clear Opening Size = 36"h x 70
Glazing to be Lexan, or equ
4"x12" Aluminum Posts
w/ Kynar 500 Finish
30x36
Florida map
30x36
Florida map
Front
Back
Brochure Rack
2"x4" Aluminum Framing
w/ Kynar 500 Finish
open
5" Concrete Slab
w/ 6x6 #10/10 wwm
4"x12" Aluminum Posts
w/ Kynar 500 Finish
Doubled Under Directory
24"w x 36"l x 30"d
Conc. Footing (typ.)
End Elevation
SCALE: 1/2 " = 1'-0"
Facility Specific Guidelines
Side 1 Elevation
SCALE: 1/2 " = 1'-0"
3-11
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Facility Specific Guidelines
February 2002
3-12
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Facilities Design Manual
5.
February 2002
MAINTENANCE/CONSTRUCTION YARDS
These “Operations Centers” are comprised of facilities to house the field
operations functions of the Department. There are “main yard” and “sub-yards”.
They may include such facilities as: offices, storage facilities, laboratories, shops
– carpenter, metal, and vehicle; warehouses, crew buildings, etc.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Office buildings
A.
maintenance
B.
construction
Vehicle / equipment storage
Materials storage
A.
open bins
B.
covered sheds
Testing labs
Mini-service buildings
A.
vehicle repair
B.
fuel station
Open canopies
A.
fuel dispensing
Fuel storage facilities (tanks)
A.
above-ground
B.
in-ground
Hazardous materials storage buildings
A.
site-built
B.
pre-engineered
Vehicle wash facilities
A.
vehicle pad
B.
water supply
C.
drainage/filtration
Modular facilities design
Ease of expansion
Utilities infrastructure in place for expansion
Water supply lines / stub-ups, capped off
Sanitary sewer piping / stub-ups, capped off
Electrical panels sized to allow additional circuits / fixtures
Structure:
Coastal areas/corrosive environments should consider non-corrosive materials,
concrete, CMU where feasible. Extremely durable / designed for >worst-case=
structural conditions wind loads, soil conditions, etc.
Foundation / Floors slab on grade w/ monolithic and or strip footings
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Facilities Design Manual
February 2002
Walls / columns concrete masonry unit (CMU), reinforced concrete, or preengineered metal building as appropriate
Roof:
>Common= structural systems (recyclable materials)
Light-gauge metal trusses
Pre-engineered metal building
Designed for 20 year life / warranty
Metal roofing system over substrate
Few penetrations
Well ventilated
Avoid roof slopes of less than 3" to12"
Finishes:
Floors in restrooms, crew rooms and offices to be vinyl tile all others to be
designed for durability / maintenance epoxy coatings or hardened concrete.
Walls separating interior crew storage areas to be chain link fencing or CMU
Exterior walls to be designed for durability / vandal-resistance / maintenance
Exterior walls of CMU, stucco, metal panels
Interior walls of crew rooms, and offices to be 5/8" sheet rock with latex paint
Interior walls of restrooms and dressing rooms to be ceramic tile over 2" cement
board or epoxy coated CMU.
Ceilings
Ceiling in storage areas to be chain link fencing, insulation to be installed along
roof structure and encapsulated. Ceilings in restrooms, crew rooms and offices
to be 2'x2' acoustical tile with a ceiling height of 8'
Facility Specific Guidelines
3-14
February 2002
NORTH ELEVATION
WEST ELEVATION
EAST ELEVATION
SOUTH ELEVATION
Topic 625-020-016-a
Facilities Design Manual
Facility Specific Guidelines
3-15
UP
ASSIST
MAINT
ENG
ENG
MMS
FILE
ROOM
FISCAL
CLERK
CORRIDOR
ASSIST
MAINT
ENG
CONTRACT
INSPECTORS
CONT
ENG
COPY
/FAX
FIELD
ENG
PERMIT
ENG
SENIOR
CLERK
ELECTRICAL
PERMIT
INSPECTORS
DATA
ENTRY
OFFICE
MANAGER
RECEPTION
DATA INPUT/MMS
CORRIDOR FEC
CONFERENCE
WORK/STORAGE
ROOM
AREA
STORAGE
ROOM
ASSIST
MAINT
ENG
CORRIDOR
MAINT
ENG
CORRIDOR
COMMUNICATION
UP
CLOSET
OFFICE
CORRIDOR
DATA
ROOM
COMM
ROOM
OFFICE
ENTRY
LOBBY
CORRIDOR
WOMEN
CUST.
FIRST FLOOR PLAN
SEC/
RECEPTION
ELEV
COPY/FAXPE-III
EQ
ROOM
MEN
SEC
SPEC
(6) TECH'S
E-III
E-IV
E-I
CORRIDOR
E-I
E-I
CCEI
PE-I
MECHANICAL
E-IV
E-II
PE-II
CRS
(6) TECH'S
CORRIDOR
Facility Specific Guidelines
CORRIDOR
MEETING/
TRAINING
CONFERENCE
ROOM
EII & EIII
FINAL EST
CORRIDOR
ELECT
STORAGE
STORAGE
UP
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February 2002
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6.
February 2002
MATERIALS LABS
1.
Major / State Materials Office
2.
Minor / District Materials Labs
1. Major laboratories
a. State Materials Laboratory – Gainesville
i. soils lab
ii. bituminous lab
iii. corrosion lab
iv. nuclear equipment
v. accelerated pavement testing facility
vi. administrative offices
UP
CURING
LOG/IN STANDING
MECH/ELEC
WOMEN.
JAN
MEN
WET MOIST ROOM
CON
CURING
METALS PREP.
METALS PREP.
1
DRY MOIST ROOM
AUTOCLAVE
SMPL PREP.
METALS TESTING
Partial Laboratory Plan
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3-17
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Facility Specific Guidelines
February 2002
3-18
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Facilities Design Manual
7.
February 2002
OFFICE BUILDINGS
1.
Major
1.
Central office
2.
District headquarters
1.
Minor
1.
Urban offices
2.
Regional planning offices
3.
Maintenance/Construction Offices
4.
Maintenance offices
5.
Construction offices
6.
Portable offices
The tenant areas shall be developed with offices along the exterior wall and around the
interior core. This leaves an open area for modular workstations. The following are the
components of the user area interior space plan. Coordinate structural bay sizes and
layouts with office sizes and layouts; use 24' bay spacing for prototype office buildings.
Systems furniture:
Standard Office:
Supervisor Office:
Conference Room:
Facility Specific Guidelines
8' x 8' (64 SF), 10’x10’ (100 SF), etc.
10= x 12= (120 SF)
12= x 14= (168 SF)
14= x 24= (336 SF)
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February 2002
12' x 14' (168 sq. ft.) Office
This office is the largest and is intended to accommodate division directors and other
senior managers. The office is generally located on an exterior window wall.
10' x 12' (120 sq. ft.) Office
This office is intended for professional staff and managers requiring privacy and/or
security. It is located on both an exterior window wall and the interior.
8' x 8' (64 sq. ft.) Systems furnishings cubicle
Standard workstations are designed to improve space efficiency and employee
productivity. Advanced connectivity and computers have reduced the need for storage
space within individual workstations. The workstations are tall (standing height) with
modular panels on four sides to provide visual privacy. Each 8' x 8' workstation has
over 31 sq. ft. of work surface.
Facility Specific Guidelines
3-20
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Facilities Design Manual
8.
February 2002
PICNIC SHELTERS (rest area, maint./const. yard, etc.)
1.
Large - 6 tables - 24-36 visitors
2.
Small - 2 tables - 8-12 visitors
See Roadway and Traffic Design Standards - Index 530
Picnic shelters are to be placed at interstate rest areas and welcome centers. Typically,
at least 2 large shelters and 6 small shelters are placed at each facility. This may be
increased or decreased based on needs at the particular project site. At least one
shelter of each size will be planned to accommodate persons with disabilities.
Shelters may be placed at other public-access facilities and at FDOT offices and yards.
SIDE ELEVATION
END ELEVATION
SMALL PICNIC PAVILLION
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February 2002
SIDE ELEVATION
END ELEVATION
N
LARGE PICNIC PAVILLION
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9.
February 2002
PRE-ENGINEERED METAL BUILDINGS
References
1.
AISC - Specification for Structural Steel for Buildings -Allowable Stress Design
and Plastic Design.
2.
AISC - Quality Certification Program, Category MB.
3.
ASTM A36/A36M - Structural Steel.
4.
ASTM 123 - Zinc (Hot-Dip Galvanized) Coatings on Iron and Steel Products.
5.
ASTM 153 - Zinc Coating (Hot-Dip) on Iron and Steel Hardware.
6.
ASTM A307 - Carbon Steel Bolts and Studs, 60,000 psi Tensile strength.
7.
ASTM A325/A325M - High Strength Bolts for Structural Steel Joints.
8.
ASTM A446/A446M - Steel Sheet, Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) by the Hot-Dip
Process, Structural (Physical) Quality.
9.
ASTM A490/A490M - Heat Treated Steel Structural Bolts, Classes 150 ksi
Tensile Strength.
10.
ASTM A500 - Cold Formed Welded and Seamless Carbon Steel Structural
Tubing in Rounds and Shapes.
11.
ASTM A501 - Hot-Formed Welded and Seamless Carbon Steel Tubing.
12.
ASTM A525/A525M - Steel Sheet, Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) by the Hot-Dip
Process.
13.
ASTM A529/A529M - Structural Steel with 42 ksi Minimum Yield Point (2”
maximum thickness).
14.
ASTM A572/A572M - High-Strength Low-Alloy Columbium-Vanadium Steels of
Structural Quality.
15.
ASTM C665 - Mineral Fiber Blanket Thermal Insulation for Light Frame
Construction and Manufactured Housing.
16.
ASTM A792/A792M - Steel Sheet, Aluminum-Zinc Alloy Coated by the Hot-Dip
Process.
17.
ASTM C991 - Flexible Glass Fiber Insulation for Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings.
18.
ASTM C1107 - Packaged, Dry, Hydraulic-Cement Grout (Non-shrink).
19.
AWS A2.0 Standard Welding Symbols.
20.
AWS D1.1 - Structural Welding Code - Steel.
21.
MBMA (Metal Building Manufacturers Association)- Metal Building Systems
Manual.
22.
SSPC (The Society for Protective Coatings) - Steel Structures Painting Manual.
23.
SSPC - Paint 20 Zinc Rich Coating.
24.
Building Materials Directory - Roof Deck Construction.
Facility Specific Guidelines
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February 2002
System Description
1.
Design members to withstand dead load, and design loads due to pressure,
suction and uplift of wind calculated in accordance with Building Code. At a
minimum, design load shall be I-90 (110 mph wind speed).
2.
Design exterior wall and roof system to withstand imposed loads with no more
than 1/180 deflection of span.
3.
Provide drainage to exterior for water entering or condensation occurring within
wall or roof system.
4.
Permit movement of components without buckling, failure of joint seals, undue
stress on fasteners or other detrimental effects, when subject to temperature
range of 60 degrees F.
5.
Size and fabricate wall and roof systems free of distortion or defects detrimental
to appearance or performance.
Quality Assurance
1.
Perform Work in accordance with manufacturer=s recommendations.
2.
Manufacturer Qualifications: Company specializing in manufacturing products of
this section with 10 minimum years documented experience.
3.
Erector Qualifications: company specializing in performing the work of this
section with 5 minimum years documented experience.
4.
Design structural components, develop shop drawings, and perform shop and
site work under direct supervision of a Professional Engineer experienced in
structural design of this Work and licensed in the State of Florida.
Warranty
1.
Provide a five-year warranty to include coverage for exterior pre-finished
surfaces to cover pre-finished color coat against chipping, cracking or crazing,
blistering, peeling, chalking, or fading. Include ten-year warranty to include
coverage for weather tightness of building enclosure elements after installation.
Fabrication - Framing
1.
Fabricate members in accordance with AISC Specification for plate, bar, tube, or
rolled steel shapes.
2.
Anchor Bolts: Formed with bent shank, assembled with template for casting into
concrete.
3.
Provide framing for openings.
Wall And Roof Systems
1.
Siding: Minimum 0.015” metal thickness, flat profile, 2” deep, lapped V edges,
fitted with continuous gaskets.
2.
Roofing: Minimum 0.02” metal thickness, flat profile, batten edges
Facility Specific Guidelines
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Topic 625-020-016-a
Facilities Design Manual
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
February 2002
Liner: Minimum 0.015” metal thickness, flat, perforated profile, lapped V edges
(fitted with continuous gaskets).
Soffit Panels: Minimum 0.015” metal thickness, perforated for ventilation.
Girts/Purlins: Rolled formed structural shape to receive siding, roofing and liner
sheet.
Internal and External Corners: Same material, thickness and finish as adjacent
material, profile brake formed to required angles.
Expansion Joints: Same material and finish as adjacent material.
Flashing, Closure Pieces, Fascia, Infills, Caps: Same material and finish as
adjacent material, profile to suit system.
Fasteners: To maintain load requirements and weather tight installation, same
finish as cladding, non-corrosive finish.
Gutters and Downspouts
1.
Fabricate of same material and finish as roofing system.
2.
Form gutters, downspouts and scuppers to collect and remove water. Fabricate
with connection pieces.
3.
Form sections in maximum possible lengths. Hem exposed edges. Allow for
expansion at joints. Fabricate support straps of same material and finish as
roofing metal, color as selected.
Finishes
1.
Framing Members: Clean, prepare, and shop prime to SSPC Manual
requirements.
2.
Exterior surfaces of wall and roof components: Precoated enamel on steel of
finish, color as selected from manufacturer's standard range.
3.
Interior surfaces of wall and roof components and accessories: Precoated
enamel on steel of finish, color as selected from manufacturer's standard range.
Facility Specific Guidelines
3-25
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February 2002
3-26
Topic 625-020-016-a
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10.
February 2002
PUMP HOUSES
GENERAL: Pump house design shall coordinate with design and materials of major
building structures on site.
Facility Specific Guidelines
3-27
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February 2002
3-28
Topic 625-020-016-a
Facilities Design Manual
11.
February 2002
REFUELING STATION
The Department's Maintenance Yards usually have facilities to refuel state vehicles.
These refueling stations are mini-gas stations that may also offer limited vehicle service
to state vehicles. Below is a sample layout for a facility that offers self-service fuel only.
Slave pumps may be used to allow personnel to fill saddle tanks without moving vehicle
and re-entering TRAX system information.
GRASS
OWNER
TRAX System
WOMEN'
Slave pump
GAS
STORAG
Main/Master pump
MEN'S
GRASS
OWNER
FLOOR PLAN
8x8x16 CMU (PAINTED W/ ELASTOMERIC COATING)
(SHADING INDICATES DIFFERENT
COLORED PAINT)
14'-0"
RIGID FRAME (TYP)
RIGID FRAME (TYP)
CONC BUMPER (TYP)
CONC BUMPER (TYP)
ELEVATION
PREFINISHED STANDING SEAM
METAL ROOF (TYP)
8x8x16 CMU (PAINTED),
(SHADING INDICATES DIFFERENT
COLORED PAINT)
EXPOSED RIGID STL FRAME
6'-0"
RIGID FRAME (TYP)
CONC BUMPER (TYP)
0'-0"
0'-0"
REF FIN FLR
ELEVATION
Facility Specific Guidelines
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Facility Specific Guidelines
February 2002
3-30
Topic 625-020-016-a
Facilities Design Manual
12.
February 2002
REST AREAS
Intent: To provide standardized guidelines for interstate rest area facility siting, building
layout, and structure which will produce system-wide consistency of facilities and
services, and the capacity for future expansion. This is to provide visitors to the State
easily recognizable Florida rest areas with state-of-the-art facilities. The interstate rest
areas constitute, for many travelers, the >front door= to the State, a first impression. It is
essential that these facilities present the best possible image in terms of aesthetics,
safety, and services.
These guidelines are based on 2 site layouts and 2 building facility sizes. These will be
designed to accommodate projected traffic on rural interstate highways and state roads.
The Small Building, as illustrated below, is intended to be used as a basic facility
>module= for expansion as capacity needs increase. It has been determined that
existing rest area sites will accommodate these prototypes with little or no additional
right-of-way required.
Each building facility includes 2 toilet rooms each for men and women. In this way, the
facility can be operated 24 hours per day and allow 1 set of each men’s and women’s
room to be ‘closed for cleaning’. Both sets of men’s and women’s room may be opened
during peak traffic times.
Prototype facilities
Site Prototypes: 2 concepts are described. Amenities for both include: Auto, RV &
Truck parking; site lighting; on-site or off-site (preferred) water and waste water utilities;
open layout for security; expansion capability; ease of patrol; easy access; residential
scale; pet walks; dumpster storage; lawn equipment storage, etc.
Concept 1: - Automobile parking in front
- Truck / RV parking in rear
- Building between parking
Concept 2: - All parking in rear
- Building closest to roadway
Site Concept 1: This is similar to the way existing rest area facilities have been
planned in Florida, except the auto and truck parking have been switched. The
reasoning for switching the parking is to provide a more inviting residential scale to the
site. Many travelers may be turned off by the up-front presence of a large number of
commercial vehicles. Trucks also tend to screen the building, reducing visibility from
the roadway. The truck parking area tends to be dirtier and smellier (nature of diesel
fuel and exposed chassis elements). Placing truck parking in the rear minimizes the
impact of these vehicles, improving the image of the rest area.
Facility Specific Guidelines
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February 2002
Auto parking in >front= of buildings, closest to roadway
Truck and RV parking behind buildings
Trucks and RV=s will share parking spaces:
- Both have similar space requirements (15' wide x 80' long, approx.)
- Mostly trucks at night
- Mostly RV=s during day
- Signs for trucks furthest from buildings
- Signs for RV=s closest to buildings
Building required to have 2 Afronts” -- 2 approaches
Retention areas may be located within the limits of construction
Site Concept 2: This concept further minimizes the impact of the parking on the
building image as seen from the roadway. All parking is in the rear. The building is
closest to the roadway, so it is the first part of the rest area to be seen upon approach.
Building at [email protected] of facility, closest to roadway
Better visibility of building facilities from roadway, more inviting
All parking behind buildings: autos closest, RV's next, trucks furthest from buildings
Trucks and RV=s will share parking spaces:
- Both have similar space requirements (15' wide x 80' long, approx.)
- Mostly trucks at night
- Mostly RV=s during day
- Signs for trucks furthest from buildings
- Signs for RV=s next closest to buildings
- Signs for autos closest to buildings
Building will need only 1 [email protected], 1 approach
Retention areas may be located outside the limits of construction
There are advantages to using Site Concept 2 when compared to Site Concept 1 C
some operational, some related to design and construction.
Operational:
Design/construction:
Facility Specific Guidelines
- easier for security staff to patrol
- >unidirectional= view to/from buildings
- single-sided approaches to buildings
- 20-30% less pavement
- 20-40% less ROW depth
- 50% less pedestrian facilities
- Simpler drainage system
3-32
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February 2002
Building Prototypes: 2 sizes are described. Amenities include: Flexibility in sizing;
accessible design; potty parity; vending w/storage; security/information office; 4 family
restrooms; ease of maintenance/repair; expansion capability; picnic pavilions.
Small:
Men - 16 fixtures (toilets & urinals)
(basic)
Women - 24 fixtures (toilets)
Family - 4 restrooms
Large:
Men - 32 fixtures
(common) Women - 48 fixtures
Family - 4 restrooms
Facility Planning & Cost Estimates:
Building Costs: It is estimated that the building component of a rest area would cost
approx. $175-225 per square foot (this could be higher, the more rural the location, the
greater the cost, typically). Costs are based on indoor heated and cooled gross floor
area, plus covered outdoor areas such as courtyards, roof overhangs, picnic pavilions.
Building Capacity: The building sizes were determined in consultation with the
Statistics Office. We reviewed the 20-year traffic projections - Average Daily Traffic,
(ADT=s) for I-4, I-10, I-75 and I-95. We estimated the 40-year ADT=s based on
projections of past and present growth. Using the Department=s Rest Area Facilities
Computation Form, we calculated the number of toilet fixtures needed for the men=s
and the women=s restrooms. This process takes into account the State=s >potty parity=
requirements for Assembly Occupancies (due to occupant load, rest areas are
classified as “Assembly Use” Business Occupancies.)
It has been projected that, within 20-40 years, interstate traffic will dictate a large facility
for all rest area sites. The large prototype is sized to accommodate up to 70,000
vehicles ADT. By comparison, the small facility will accommodate up to 35,000
vehicles ADT. It has been further determined that, if the traffic is greater than this, the
region around the rest area would be so urbanized, (i.e., local traffic that would not
normally use a rest area), as to probably not require the presence of a rest area
(potential for future closures?). Private facilities in the area could accommodate the
needs of the traveling public, eliminating the need for a public rest facility.
Picnic Pavilions: The rest area buildings described below are shown with the option
of attaching picnic pavilions to the ends of the buildings, or placing them around the
building (the latter is present practice). Attaching them would provide space for 8-12
picnic tables in close proximity to amenities and security. Attaching them to the building
would more easily facilitate expansion of a small building into a large building (roof, floor
and utilities would be in the original construction of the small). The size of the attached
pavilion is equivalent to one >module= of expansion.
Facility Specific Guidelines
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February 2002
Facility Programming:
The following describes the basic requirements of each of the facility types: small and
large. The module of expansion is equivalent to the heated and cooled area of the
small facility, less the vending and security office - approx. 6,800 s.f. If a facility is
planned and constructed using the modular growth precepts (i.e., infrastructure for
expansion already in place), the cost to expand a small facility into a large facility could
be greatly reduced. It should cost 1/3-1/2 less to construct an addition onto an in-place
infrastructure than to construct a full addition - a potential savings of $0.6 - $1.0 million
per building, per addition.
Small Building: With a total of 16 men=s and 24 women=s fixtures, plus 4 family
restrooms, the Small Building would be suitable for low to medium capacity highways
such as I-10 or I-275, and portions of I-75 and I-95.
Floor Area:
7,400" square feet (potentially heated and cooled)
Under Roof Area:
22,000" square feet (w/ attached picnic pavilions)
Expected costs:
$1.2 million to $1.5 million per building
Large Building: With a total of 32 men=s and 48 women=s fixtures, the Large Building
would be used for the high capacity highways such as I-4, 1-75 or I-95, or as an
ultimate expansion capability in the future.
Floor Area:
11,400" square feet (potentially heated and cooled)
Roof Area:
27,000" square feet (w/ attached picnic pavilions)
Expected costs:
$2.0 million to $2.5 million per building
The building construction costs would be approximately the same whether the picnic
pavilions are attached to the buildings or are detached and scattered around the site.
Either way, we would likely construct picnic facilities of essentially the same area at
about the same cost. The real savings would come when the small building is
expanded into this area to make the large building.
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February 2002
Rest Area Facility Standards:
Building Facilities:
! Equal accessibility for men and women
" similar proximity to restroom facilities from all approaches
! Facilities to be model of accessibility for person with disabilities
" family restrooms
" primary accessible stalls
" alternate accessible stalls
" adaptable standard stalls
" access to buildings / picnic pavilions
" access within buildings
" communications
- signage
- phones
- emergency stations
! Provisions for >potty parity=
" business occupancy - assembly use
" 3 women=s toilets for 2 men=s toilets/urinals
! Modular facilities design
" small facility is >module= of expansion
" utilities infrastructure in place for expansion
" water supply lines / stub-ups, capped off
" sanitary sewer piping / stub-ups, capped off
" electrical panels sized to allow additional circuits / fixtures
! Picnic pavilions sized to expand into
" foundation / slab as expansion module
" roof structure allows expansion
" walls design to provide >knock-outs= for doors, etc.
" water / sewer infrastructure built into / under slab
Structure:
! Extremely durable / designed for most stringent structural conditions
" wind loads, soil conditions, etc.
! Foundation / Floors
" slab on grade w/ monolithic / strip footings
! Walls / columns
" concrete masonry units (CMU=s)
" Reinforced concrete as appropriate
Facility Specific Guidelines
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February 2002
Roof:
! >Common= structural systems (recyclable materials)
" light-gauge metal trusses
" wood trusses
" fire ratings
! Decorative metal / wood structure at courts and picnic pavilions
" similar to Polk Co., I-4 C steel
" similar to Collier Co., I-75 (Alligator Alley) C wood
Finishes:
! Floors designed for durability / maintenance
" floor tile, brick pavers, epoxy coatings, etc.
" non-slip surfaces
! Walls designed for durability / vandal-resistance / maintenance
" exterior walls of brick, CMU, stucco, etc. w/graffiti-resistant coatings
" interior walls of tile, brick, CMU, plaster, etc.
" epoxy coatings on exposed CMU, plaster, etc.
- graffiti resistance
" fire ratings
! Ceilings designed for durability / maintenance
" plaster, epoxy coatings, etc.
" fire ratings
! Roof designed for 20 year life / warranty
" metal roofing system over substrate
" few penetrations
" well ventilated
Facilities, Fixtures & Equipment:
Restrooms General:
! Out-swinging entry doors or no entry doors
! Water closet number determined by 20 year projected ADT=s
! Toilet fixtures to be commercial elongated ceramic w/1.6 gal/flush valves
! Urinals to be commercial, elongated ceramic w/1.0 gal/flush valves
! Lavatories to be accessible commercial ceramic (not hospital type)
! Automatic sensors / hands-free operation for urinals, lavatories and hand driers
! Direct access to staff areas for maintenance / cleaning
! Standard toilet stalls and urinals w/ screens
Facility Specific Guidelines
3-36
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Facilities Design Manual
February 2002
! Accessible stalls
" primary stalls for wheelchair users
- raised toilet seat
- grab bars at side and rear of toilet
- lavatory in stall
- Flush valve levers on >open= side nearest lavatory
- paper towel dispenser / waste receptacle
- hand drier in stall
" alternate stalls for other mobility aid users
- raised toilet seat
- grab bars each side of toilet
! Standard toilet stalls
" all standard stalls sized to be adaptable to alternate accessible stall
" 4" CMU or reinforced concrete partitions w/ tile finish
" open tops and bottoms for safety and ease of cleaning
" solid core 2/3 doors w/ textured stainless steel finish
" stainless steel commercial lever door hardware, w/@[email protected] indicators
" hollow metal door frames w/ epoxy finish
! Urinal screens
" 4" CMU or reinforced concrete partitions w/ tile finish
" open tops and bottoms for safety & ease of cleaning
Men=s Restroom:
! Toilets in stalls described above
! Urinals to make-up 2 of required fixtures
! Primary accessible stalls located closest to the entry
! Accessible stalls included in required fixture count
! Hands-free operation of urinals, lavatories and hand driers
! Diaper changing facility w/ diaper and waste receptacle (closed top)
! Lavatories w/ mirrors (1 accessible)
! Hand driers (12 per lavatory, at least 1 accessible)
Women=s Restroom:
! Toilets in stalls described above
! 3 toilets for each 2 men=s toilets and urinals combined (potty parity)
! Primary accessible stalls located closest to the entry
! Accessible stalls included in required fixture count
! Hands-free operation of lavatories and hand driers
! Sanitary napkin receptacle in each stall
! Diaper changing facility w/ diaper and waste receptacle (closed top)
! Lavatories w/ mirrors (1 accessible)
! Hand driers (12 per lavatory, at least 1 accessible)
Facility Specific Guidelines
3-37
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Facilities Design Manual
February 2002
Family Restroom:
! Raised toilet seat (accessible height)
! Lavatory w/ mirror (NOT elongated >hospital= type)
! Flush valve levers on >open= side nearest lavatory
! Hand drier and paper towel dispenser w/ waste receptacle (reach ranges)
! Grab bars at side and rear of toilet
! Sanitary napkin receptacle
! Diaper changing facility w/ diaper and waste receptacle (closed top)
! Bench / seat for resting / changing clothing
Maintenance Staff Office:
(To be coordinated with RESPECT or other janitorial contractors)
! Service area for custodial / maintenance staff
! Work area / break room w/ table, phone, etc.
! Storage for cleaning products / equipment and supplies (no hazardous chemicals)
Vending Facilities: (to be coordinated with Blind Services)
! Up to 8 vending machines
! Overhead doors for secure servicing of machines
! Up to 240 s.f. product storage, heated and cooled
! Utilities: power, water, sewer, phone
! Ease of access from parking and building vestibule/courtyard
! Separate meter for utilities
Security / Information Office: (to be coordinated with security contractors)
" >Home base= for security guard
" Desk / counter with provisions for contractor-provided phone & radio
" Central location for patrolling site
" Direct / remote monitoring of parking (cameras?)
" Visibility of all approaches to building
" Visibility of entrances to restrooms
" Visibility of vending areas
" Distribution of state maps, etc.
" Travelers may obtain information about area, directions, etc.
Facility Specific Guidelines
3-38
Facility Specific Guidelines
picnic
sto
women
men
f
f
women
men
Cars
f
f
ofc
vending
sto
picnic
RV's / Trucks
Rest Area Site Concept 1
Future Cars
Dog Walk
Retention Area
Future
RV's
Trucks / RV's
Dumpster
Dog Walk
Future Cars
Retention Area
Dog Walk
Future
Trucks
Lawn Equipment
Topic 625-020-016-a
Facilities Design Manual
February 2002
3-39
Facility Specific Guidelines
picnic
sto
men
women
f
f
f
f
ofc
vending
Cars
men
women
sto
picnic
RV's / Trucks
Retention Area
Dog Walk
Future Cars
Dog Walk
Future
Trucks
Lawn Equipment
Rest Area Site Concept 2
Retention Area
Dog Walk
Future Cars
Future
RV's
Trucks / RV's
Dumpster
Topic 625-020-016-a
Facilities Design Manual
February 2002
3-40
February 2002
8'6
8'
Topic 625-020-016-a
Facilities Design Manual
8'
8'
'6
COURT
PHONES
12
PHONES
12
'
STORAGE
VENDING
LIVING AREA
716 sq ft
6'
UTILITY
110'4
BATH
COURT
55'8
43'11
COURT
BATH
1
Same
MEN
STORAGE
YARD
STORAGE
UTILITY
LIVING AREA
11906 sq ft
Large
Building
LIVING AREA
GRASS AREA
SIDE
WALK
SIDE
WALK
SIDE
WALK
GRASS AREA
SIDE
WALK
GRASS AREA
TRASH CAN
OPEN COURT
OPEN COURT
TRASH CAN
SIDE WALK
SIDE WALK
PHONES
PHONES
GRASS AREA
SIDE
WALK
GRASS AREA
SIDE WALK LINE
POST
SIDE WALK LINE
BENCH SEAT
SIDE WALK LINE
GRASS AREA
GRASS AREA
STORAGE
FLAG POLE
PAD AROUND
FLAG POLE WITH
WALKWAY
VENDING
SIDE
WALK
FLAG POLE
BENCH SEAT
PAD AROUND
FLAG POLE WITH
WALKWAY
VENDING
SECURITY
ROOF LINE ABOVE
SIDE WALK
SIDE WALK
TRASH CAN
BENCH SEAT
MECH/ELEC
MECH/ELEC
ENTRY
WOMEN
MAP CASE
BENCH
SEAT
RESTROOM AREA
COVERED
PICNIC AREA
Same
WATER
COOLER
COVERED PICNIC
AREA
MEN
COVERED COURT
ROOF LINE
ABOVE
OFFICE
1
INFO CASE
YARD
EQUIP.
ENTRY
MECH/ELEC
BENCH SEAT
MECH/ELEC
TRASH CAN
POST
GRASS AREA
GRASS AREA
LIVING AREA
247 sq ft
OPEN COURT
BENCH SEAT
SMALL
BUILDING
ENCLOSED AREA 7389 SQ FT
UNDER ROOF AREA 22054 SQ FT
Facility Specific Guidelines
3-41
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Facilities Design Manual
February 2002
Large Building - Perspective
Small Building - Perspective
These sample drawings illustrate the desired layout and character of new rest areas.
Facility Specific Guidelines
3-42
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Facilities Design Manual
13.
February 2002
SHOP & WAREHOUSE
At many Maintenance/Construction yards, vehicle repair shops and district warehouse
facilities are constructed as a single building. The shop is used for routine maintenance
and repair of Department vehicles. The warehouse portion of the building would be
used to store materials and archive documents.
WAREHOUSEAUTOSHOP
JANITOR
MECH.PHONE
LIBRARY
FE
SMALL
ENGINE
REPAIR
RADIO OFFICE
SIGN
SHOP
SMALL
ENGINE
STORAGE
WOMEN'S
MEN'S
LIBRARY
GENERAL SERVICING
BAYS
UP
EWC
HALL
WAREHOUSE
METAL
FABRICATION
SHOP
HALL
SUPERVISOR'S
OFFICE
CARPENTER
SHOP
EQUIPMENT
OFFICE
OFFICE
WAREHOUSE/AUTOSHOP FLOOR PLAN
METAL PANELS
DOWNSPOUT
BOLLARDS
METAL DOOR
12' x 12' OVERHEAD DOOR
CANOPY
DOWNSPOUT
METAL DOOR
METAL DOOR
12' x 16' OVERHEAD DOOR ALUMINUM WINDOW
AUTOSHOP
WAREHOUSE
DOWNSPOUT
12' x 16' OVERHEAD DOOR
12' x 12' OVERHEAD DOOR
FRONT ELEVATION
CANOPY
ROOF MOUNTED
EXHAUST FAN
BOLLARDS
METAL PANELS
DOWNSPOUT
DOUBLE MTL. DOOR
DOWNSPOUT
DOWNSPOUT
DOWNSPOUT
LOADING
TRUCK WELL
12' x 16' OVERHEAD DOOR
METAL DOOR
12' x 12' OVERHEAD DOOR
METAL DOOR
42" GUARD RAILMETAL DOOR
DOCK BUMPER
ROOF MOUNTED
EXHAUST FAN
12' x 16'
OVERHEAD DOO
AUTOSHOPWAREHOUSE
FRONT ELEVATION
ROOF MOUNTED EXHAUST FAN
DOWNSPOUT
DOWNSPOUT
LOADING
TRUCK WELL
ROOF MOUNTED EXHAUST FAN
METAL PANELS
DOWNSPOUT
DOWNSPOUT
TRENCH DRAIN
RIGHT ELEVATION
LEFT ELEVATION
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Facility Specific Guidelines
February 2002
3-44
Topic 625-020-016-a
Facilities Design Manual
14.
February 2002
STORAGE FACILITIES
Open storage bins constructed of reinforced CMU walls are used to store materials that
are not susceptible to weather damage: typically sand and gravel. Covered storage
facilities are used to protect vehicles and equipment which may be damaged by the
weather.
When required, provide facilities for storage of hazardous materials per Life-Safety
Code requirements.
MATERIAL STORAGE BINS
(TYPICAL)
SLOPE DOWN
1/8 " / FT.
8" REINFORCED CMU WALL
BOLLARD, TYPICAL
FLOOR PLAN @ MATERIAL STORAGE BINS
2
3
4
5
46'-0"
VEHICLE BAY
VEHICLE BAY
VEHICLE BAY
COVERED VEHICLE PARKING
SLOPE DOWN 1/10" / FT.
VEHICLE BAY
METAL PANELS
ON BACK WALL
AND SIDE WALLS
A
15'-0"
B
WEST ELEVATION @ MATERIAL STORAGE BINS
75'-0"
1
METAL PANELS
OVERHANG
8" ~ METAL BOLLARDS
8" ~ METAL BOLLARDS
NORTH ELEVATION @ COVERED VEHICLE PARKING
Facility Specific Guidelines
FLOOR PLAN @ COVERED VEHICLE PARKING
3-45
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Facilities Design Manual
Facility Specific Guidelines
February 2002
3-46
Topic 625-020-016-a
Facilities Design Manual
15.
February 2002
TOWERS
1. Radio voice communications
2. Call-box signal/code communications
3. Equipment/control building
Towers may be self-supporting or wire-guyed type.
The equipment/control buildings are typically pre-engineered concrete units placed at
the base of the tower.
Steel tower structures supporting electronic/communications equipment shall be
designed in accordance with the latest version of the ANSI/TIA/EIA-222-F-YEAR
specification, referred to as “TIA/EIA STANDARD”. Several tower manufacturers
(suppliers) will provide custom designed towers meeting these standards.
The basic wind speeds listed in Section 16 of the TIA/EIA Standard will generally satisfy
the requirements in Florida. However, the Project Manager or Engineer of Record shall
verify the local code requirements, especially in south Florida and in coastal areas. If
minimum design wind speeds are specified by local codes, they shall be converted to
the fastest-mile wind speeds at 33 feet above ground level and used in conjunction with
the TIA/EIA Standard.
Ice load calculations shall not be required in Florida since potential icing is rare and
does not occur during seasons of maximum design wind speeds.
The current Standard is based on Allowable Stress Design (ASD), which should be
used for consistency on all tower structures.
The Consultant shall provide a site plan that establishes the maximum and minimum
guy radii and to show foundation locations and loads required by the Geotechnical
Engineer. Geotechnical investigations shall be performed in accordance with Annex I
of the TIA/EIA Standards.
Either fixed ladders (preferred) or step bolts shall be specified as the access climbing
facility. A climbing device consisting of safety belts and properly attached cables shall
be provided as a minimum. Ladder cages and platforms are not recommended for
tower structures due to size and weight constraints.
It is recommended that maintenance for lighting and equipment and periodic inspection
be contracted to specialty firms employing qualified tower climbers.
Facility Specific Guidelines
3-47
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Facilities Design Manual
Facility Specific Guidelines
February 2002
3-48
Topic 625-020-016-a
Facilities Design Manual
16.
February 2002
VEHICLE WASH
Modular facilities design
Ease of expansion
Utilities infrastructure in place for expansion
Water supply lines / stub-ups, capped off
Sanitary sewer/Waste-water piping / stub-ups, capped off
Provide wastewater treatment per local requirements.
Electrical panels sized to allow additional circuits / fixtures
Excessive use of corrosion resistant materials on structure.
Slab:
Concrete slab to support heavy truck loads. Slab to slope to catch basin in slab to
carry water to sewer treatment system or to wastewater treatment system
Structure:
Coastal areas/corrosive environments should consider non-corrosive materials.
Extremely durable / designed for >worst-case= structural conditions wind loads, soil
conditions, etc.
Foundation / Floors slab on grade w/ monolithic and/or strip footings
Walls / columns concrete masonry units (CMU=s) Reinforced concrete as
appropriate, metal buildings, or pre-engineered metal building
Roof:
>Common= structural systems (recyclable materials)
Light-gauge metal trusses
Pre-engineered metal building
Designed for 20 year life / warranty
Metal roofing system over substrate
Few penetrations
Well ventilated
Avoid roof slopes of less than 3" to 12"
Facility Specific Guidelines
3-49
Topic 625-020-016-a
Facilities Design Manual
February 2002
ROOF SLOPE 1/4 " / FT.
EQUIPMENT PROVIDED
BY CONTRACTOR
SLOPE
E
OP
SL
SL
O
PE
PE
SLO
ALUMINUM CANOPY
FLOOR PLAN
1'
EQUIPMENT PROVIDED
BY CONTRACTOR
WEST ELEVATION
Facility Specific Guidelines
OPEN
EQUIPMENT PROVIDED
BY CONTRACTOR
21'-6"
JOIST BEARING
OPEN
20'-6"
JOIST BEARING
1/4 "
SOUTH ELEVATION
3-50
Topic 625-020-016-a
Facilities Design Manual
17.
February 2002
VENDING PAVILION (stand-alone)
(In coordination with the Division of Blind Services)
This may be used to retrofit vending facilities at existing rest areas. The layout
incorporates the requirements of the Division of Blind Services, Department of
Education. This agency contracts the operation of these facilities to vendors who are
persons with vision impairments.
Generally, vending facilities will be included in the designs for new and renovated rest
areas.
The vending pavilions consist of two primary areas: 1) the vending machine/service
area and 2) the stock room/office area. The vending machine area is intended to
house up to eight snack/drink vending machines. This area requires power, lighting
and plumbing services. This area must be able to be secured for the vendor to stock
the machines and remove the money from them. A pass-thru/drop safe is accessible
from this area. The stock/office area contains shelves for the snacks, drinks and
supplies and a work area for the blind services vendor. This area requires power,
lighting, telephone, plumbing, and drainage. The vendor also sorts the money from the
machines here.
Vending Facilities: (to be verified with Blind Services)
1. Up to 8 vending machines
2. Overhead rolling/coiling door for secure servicing of machines
3. Up to 240 s.f. product storage/office, heated and cooled
4. Utilities: power, water, sewer, phone
5. Ease of access from parking and building vestibule/courtyard
6. Separate meter for utilities
Facility Specific Guidelines
3-51
Topic 625-020-016-a
Facilities Design Manual
February 2002
Sidewalk / Patio Approach
Stucco on CMU
Brick Veneer on CMU
Public Entry
O. H. Rolling Door
Vending Area
FD
178 sq.ft.
Water
Cond.
28"x40" Vending
Machine (8 ea.)
J
Desk
Drop Box
Drop
Safe
CMU
5 Shelves
3 Shelves
FD
Service
Entry
Stucco on CMU
5 Shelves Stock Room / Office
312 sq.ft.
Stucco on CMU
5 Shelves
AH
Mop Sink / DHW
Refr.
NIC
AC
5 Shelves
FLOOR PLAN-VENDING PAVILION
SIDE ELEVATION-VENDING PAVILION
SNACKS
OPEN
FRONT ELEVATION-VENDING PAVILION
Facility Specific Guidelines
3-52
Topic 625-020-016-a
Facilities Design Manual
18.
February 2002
WAREHOUSES
Modular facilities design
Ease of expansion
Utilities infrastructure in place for expansion
Water supply lines / stub-ups, capped off
Sanitary sewer piping / stub-ups, capped off
Electrical panels sized to allow additional circuits / fixtures
Structure:
Coastal areas/corrosive environments should consider non-corrosive materials,
concrete, CMU where feasible. Extremely durable / designed for >worst-case=
structural conditions wind loads, soil conditions, etc.
Foundation / Floors slab on grade w/ monolithic and or strip footings, incorporate
loading truck well (loading dock) to avoid raising building floor. Use dock lifts/leveler
as required to accommodate various expected truck deck heights.
Walls / columns concrete masonry units (CMU=s) Reinforced concrete as
appropriate, metal buildings, or pre-engineered metal building
Roof:
>Common= structural systems (recyclable materials)
Light-gauge metal trusses
Pre-engineered metal building
Designed for 20 year life / warranty
Metal roofing system over substrate
Few penetrations
Well ventilated
Avoid roof slopes of less than 3" to 12"
Finishes:
Floors in restrooms, parts counter area, and offices to be vinyl tile all others to be
designed for durability / maintenance epoxy coatings or hardened concrete.
Exterior walls to be designed for durability / vandal-resistance / low-maintenance
Exterior walls of CMU, stucco, metal panels
Interior walls of rest rooms, offices, and parts counter shall be 5/8" sheet rock with
latex paint interior. Walls of restrooms with ceramic tile wainscoting shall be over 2"
cement board or epoxy coated CMU.
Ceilings
No ceiling in warehouse, insulation to be installed along roof structure and
encapsulated
Ceilings in office, parts counter area and rest rooms to be 2'x2' acoustical tile with a
ceiling height of 8'
Rest Rooms
Provide for both male and female.
Provide accessible rest rooms
Facility Specific Guidelines
3-53
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Facilities Design Manual
February 2002
Office space
Office space with laminate parts counter
Provisions for mechanical, electrical, and data areas.
Doors
Warehouse to have minimum of one 12'x16' overhead door at truck well and one
12'x12' overhead door to allow forklift access to and from warehouse. Minimum one
each 3-0x6-8 metal door allowing entry/exit to warehouse and to parts counter.
Warehouse area
Provide shelves with a capacity of 100 lbs/s.f. for bulk storage, seed bins/small parts,
tire storage racks, also provide area for palletized items and sign storage. Provide
emergency eye wash station. Provide vents for the removal of hot air, and to provide
air circulation in building
Facility Specific Guidelines
3-54
Topic 625-020-016-a
Facilities Design Manual
19.
February 2002
WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS
Many facilities require on-site sewage treatment facilities. Performance-based systems
and alternate designs may be considered. Some rest areas and remote yards may use
package plants to avoid running long lines to municipal utilities or if the local facilities do
not have the capacity to treat wastewater from the proposed facility.
Wastewater Collection Systems:
The collection/transmission system shall be designed to preclude deliberate introduction
of storm water runoff, air conditioning system condensate water, closed system cooling
water, and other sources of uncontaminated water.
See water treatment section for minimum separation requirements between water lines
and sewer lines.
Branches of intersecting force mains shall be provided with appropriate valves such that
branches may be shut down individually without interrupting the flow in other branches.
Piping under paved area shall be cast iron pipe, or PVC pipe encased in cast iron
sleeve.
Wastewater Treatment Plants:
It is important to remember that the derived flow is a twenty-year projection and the initial
flow will be significantly lower. Experience has shown that initial flow may not provide
sufficient Bio-Oxygen Demand (BOD) loading to support the twenty-year sizes; therefore
the plant must be designed to treat initial flow with future expansion up to the projected
capacity. This may be accomplished by providing a 20-year plant that can be brought
on-line in stages or by providing a 10-year plant that can be expanded (through
additional contracts) as needed. Coordinate with Project Manager to determine a
preferable alternative.
Unless directed otherwise, FDOT plants will be ‘extended aeration’ package type.
Submit calculations showing plant component size requirements.
Provide automatic tablet chlorination.
Surge Tanks:
Design and detail a surge tank to accommodate holiday spikes (2 to 3 times average
daily flow) in rest area use. The tank must be capable of holding and regulating spikes
Facility Specific Guidelines
3-55
Topic 625-020-016-a
Facilities Design Manual
February 2002
so that surges do not overload the plant. Specify and detail a duplex blower, duplex
alternating pumps, a control panel, float switches, and a flow regulator box with an
adjustable overflow weir.
Lift Stations:
Locate lift stations to minimize adverse effects such as odors, noise and lighting. Provide
fenced enclosures. Ensure that truck-mounted hoist can pull pumps without removal of
fencing. Lift stations shall be fully operational and accessible during a 25-year flood and
the mechanical and electrical equipment shall be protected from physical damage by a
100-year flood.
Design lift stations to withstand flotation forces when empty. Specify and detail easily
accessible aluminum filter baskets at the inlet.
Specify encapsulated, mercury float switches to provide lead pump on, lag pump on,
pumps off and alarm. Specify high-quality submersible pumps such as Flygt or EMU in
full detail to prevent substitution of cheaper pumps. Pumps shall alternate in operation.
Submit pump calculations and curves during the review process.
Specify stainless guide rails, lifting chain and discharge connection bolted to the sump
floor. Force mains shall be at least 4” in diameter.
Provide NEMA 4 aluminum control panel to control duplex alternating pump. Provide
protection from lightning and transient voltage surges. Provide a standard receptacle for
connecting portable power generating equipment. Provide a riser with appropriate
coupling device and valving to the discharge pipe to connect portable pumps and
appurtenances.
Facility Specific Guidelines
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Facilities Design Manual
February 2002
WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT - Package Plant
X'-X"
X'
X'-X"
X'-X"
BLOWER CONNECTION
4" THREADED
X'
AIR DIFFUSER
ASSEMBLY (TYP)
WALKWAY GRATING
2'-3 1 /4"
X'
ACCESS LADDER
4" INFL.
P.E. CONN.
12'
A
DIGESTER
XXX GALS.
INFLUENT
STILLING
WELLS
AERATION
xx,000 GALS.
4" EFFLUENT
P.E. CONN.
A
CHLORINE CONTACT
XXX GALS.
MIXING BAFFLES
SCUM REMOVAL, 2"
WASTE
SLUDGE 3"
RETURN
SLUDGE 3"
SLUDGE EDUCTOR
PIPE 3"
SETTLING
XXX GALS.
EFFLUENT WEIR
SCUM BAFFLE
ADJ. AIR VALVES
PLAN VIEW
HANDRAILS
1-1/2" SQ. TUBING
11'-9" WEIR
32"W.L.
18" W.L
18" W.L.
6"
TYP.
29"
X'-X"
11'-0" 10'-6"
X'-X"
X'-X"
GRADE
SECTION 'A-A'
BASE SLAB
(SOME ITEMS NOT SHOWN
FOR CLARITY)
SLUDGE
EDUCTOR
42"
11'-0"
48"
12"
42"
12'-0"
SECTION
Facility Specific Guidelines
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Facility Specific Guidelines
February 2002
3-58
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February 2002
20.
WEIGH STATIONS
These facilities shall be developed in coordination with the Facilities Manager at the
Motor Carrier Compliance Office.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Interstate Weigh-in-Motion (WIM) Stations
Interstate Static Stations
Off-interstate Static Stations
Administration building
Inspection/Comfort building
Scale facilities
Interstate Weigh-in-Motion (WIM) Stations
Weigh stations are facilities that the Department uses to enforce federal and state
commercial motor vehicle operation regulations. These facilities are used to weigh
trucks, conduct safety inspections, and provide a place for drivers of commercial
vehicles to take a short break.
The Department has determined that WIM stations are in the best interest of the
traveling public on our interstate highways. They are intended to minimize the
inconvenience to commercial vehicle operators and to minimize conflicts between
vehicles on the interstate by reducing the speed differentials between cars and trucks
near the weigh stations. These facilities use state-of-the-art electronic equipment to
dynamically weigh trucks at speeds up to 45 miles per hour. The dynamic scales allow
trucks that are within tolerances to continue on without needing to stop on the static
scales.
Static Weigh Station
The traditional method of weighing trucks is to have them drive across and stop on an
in-ground scale. Until all interstate weigh stations are developed into WIM stations, the
Department will continue to operate static weigh stations, both on and off the interstate
highway system.
Administration building
The Administration Building is the business location for the commercial motor vehicle
operations of the Motor Carrier Compliance Office. This facility is where the officers and
inspectors weigh the trucks, review driver logs, and initiate safety inspections. The
Administration building is immediately adjacent to the scales.
Facility Specific Guidelines
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Facilities Design Manual
February 2002
Inspection / Comfort Station
This is a combination facility that provides a ‘mini-rest area’ intended to offer commercial
drives a location to get some rest, in conformance with federal requirements, to use a
telephone, visit the restroom, get a snack, etc. It is also the location that houses the
commercial vehicle safely inspection operations of the weigh station.
The Comfort Station portion of the facility provides a Men’s restroom, a Women’s
restroom and a Family (unisex) restroom (which allows access to someone who needs
the assistance of a companion.) It also has vending machines and pay telephones.
An open-air (roof and partial walls) Inspection ‘Barn’ covers an inspection pit that allows
OMCC inspectors to conduct inspection operations up to 24 hours per day in relatively
protected environment. The inspection pit is about 90’ long. Trucks straddle the pit to
allow inspectors access under the vehicle to conduct safety inspections of the truck’s
undercarriage systems and suspension. The pit contains mechanical systems to aide in
the evacuation of oils or grease that may drop from trucks and noxious fumes or other
heavier-than-air gases, which may collect in the pit.
An inspector’s Office is adjacent to the Inspection Barn.
Facility Specific Guidelines
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February 2002
WIM Administration Building:
(at Scale facilities)
WIM Administration Building Floor Plan
WIM Administration Building Elevations
Facility Specific Guidelines
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WIM Inspection / Comfort Station:
Comfort Station
Inspection “Barn”
Inspector’s Office
T3
AC
WIM Inspection / Comfort Station Plan
PRE-ENGINEERED
METAL ROOF PANELS
X-BRACING TO BE
LOCATED IN THIS BAY
RIDGE VENT
GUTTER
CANOPY
PRE-ENGINEERED LIGHT PANELS
PRE-ENGINEERED METAL WALL PANELS
BOLLARD (TYP.)
BRICK
RIGHT ELEVATION
RIDGE VENT
GUTTER
PRE-ENGINEERED METAL ROOF PANELS
PRE-ENGINEERED LIGHT PANELS
PRE-ENGINEERED METAL WALL PANELS
X-BRACING TO BE
LOCATED IN THIS BAY
LEFT ELEVATION
WIM Inspection / Comfort Station Elevations
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21.
February 2002
WELLS & WATER TREATMENT PLANTS
GENERAL:
The water and wastewater infrastructure for a rest area may include a well, a drinking
water plant, lift stations, and wastewater treatment plant with surge tank and treated
water disposal system.
Bi-directional facilities may:
1. Share a common water and waste-water system, or
2. Be served with individual water supply and waste systems, or
3. Have individual wells and drinking water plants and share a common waste
treatment and disposal system
For new systems, these considerations are usually determined by the roadway design.
Close coordination and planning between the various design disciplines during early
planning or project phases would result in more optimized and better engineered
facilities.
Availability of water from a local utility must be considered as an alternative to
constructing dedicated wells and water supply system for the facility. Provide economic
justification for the chosen alternative.
Provide details for jacking and boring under roadways.
For bi-directional facilities, show both facilities on an overall site plan.
Determining daily water and waste water flow:
A daily flow must be determined in order to size equipment. Over the years, FDOT has
derived a daily flow based on the 20 year ADT (Average Daily Traffic).
Adjust toilet and urinal gal/use to reflect specified equipment. BOD value is required for
wastewater treatment plant design. Adjust values if actual data is available.
The number for “Total Processed Water” is the projected flow in 20 years. If windshieldwashing facilities are planned, this flow must also be accounted for in the water supply
system.
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WELLS:
Size the well and pump to accommodate future expansion. Calculate the demand flow
based on an engineering analysis; supply fixture unit calculations may not be adequate
to estimate the peak demand.
The Engineer must visit and evaluate the site before locating the well. Do not site well in
areas subject to flooding or ponding. Provide the required setback distances from
potential sanitary hazards. Provide at least two wells. Protect the wells and pumps from
tampering and vandalism. Ensure that vertical clearances permit driving and pulling the
well casing and the pump.
Provide auxiliary power with automatic switch over for the well pumps and the water
treatment plant.
Provide a concrete apron minimum 6’ x 6’x 4” thick, with the well at its center and the
surface sloping away from the wellhead. Provide a sanitary seal and a vent at wellhead.
A raw water sampling tap, a check valve and a gate valve shall also be provided at the
discharge.
Obtain Consumptive Use Permit from local Water Management District.
DRINKING WATER PLANTS:
Develop from 20 year ADT. If future facilities are planned, the drinking water plant
should be sized to accommodate the future expansion. Allowances must also be made
for windshield washing facilities.
Locate the plant as close to the well as practical. If the rest area design has provisions
for future expansion, the plant should be sited to facilitate the planned expansion.
Specify hypo-chlorinators to achieve the required level of disinfection. Do not use gas
chlorinators. Specify all pressure vessels as ASME code vessels.
Design the chlorination system to maintain a minimum free chlorine residual of 0.2
mg/liter throughout the distribution system at all times.
WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS:
PVC pipes smaller than 4” shall be ASTM D2241 PVC 1120 SDR 21 minimum. Pipes 4”
and larger shall be AWWA/ANSI C900 PVC DR 18 minimum. All PVC pipes shall bear
the National Sanitation Foundation (NSF) seal of approval for potable water use. Design
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the system to maintain a minimum pressure of 20 psi at the outlets at all times. Provide
a flow meter, thrust blocks as required, and blow-off assemblies at ends of water lines.
Testing, flushing and disinfection are required per AWWA guidelines.
Water piping crossing above sewer or storm drainage piping shall have a minimum
separation of 18” between the bottom of the water piping and the top of the sewer or
drainage piping. Maintain a minimum horizontal separation of 10’ between water and
sewer lines.
FIXTURE CALCULATIONS:
Perform fixture unit calculations per the Plumbing Code. Use these calculations to size
all water supply piping.
END OF CHAPTER 3
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APPENDICES
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Appendix A.1
Standard Method of Area Calculation
and Space Measurement .......................................................... A-3
Appendix A.2
Applicable Codes, Standards, And Regulations..................... A-7
Appendix A.3
Department of Management Services Plans Review and
Permitting Requirements and Fee Schedule ........................ A-11
Appendix A.4
State Fire Marshal Plans Review Submittal Requirements,
Fee Schedule and Submittal Checklist.................................. A-13
Appendix A.5
Florida Energy Modeling Program (FEMP)............................ A-19
Appendix A.6
FDOT Publications .................................................................. A-23
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APPENDIX A.1
Standard Method of Area Calculation
and Space Measurement
The purpose of this section is to standardize the communication and computation of
building areas and space measurement; to allow comparison of values on the basis of
generally agreed upon standard units of measurement. (The Florida Department of
Management Services developed this standard.)
This standard shall be used to measure floor space in existing and new buildings, lease
space and state owned buildings. It is applicable to any type of construction, being
based on the premise that the net area is that which the agency may occupy and use
for its employees and furnishings.
The following space types shall be used for calculating building area and estimating
costs:
1.
Net Usable Areas shall be the sum of all occupiable space in a building. The
area shall be measured from the inside finish of permanent outer building walls to the
office side of permanent corridors and other permanent partitions, and to the center of
partitions that separate the premises from adjoining usable areas. This usable area
shall include ALL spaces located within the perimeter of the subject area. No
deductions shall be made for columns and other projections into the building. For glass
walls, measure from the inside face of the glass.
2.
Public Convenience Area shall be the sum of all areas devoted to the welfare
of the general public, such as lobbies, corridors, toilet rooms, telephone booths, etc.
3.
Utility Area shall be the sum of all areas devoted to the mechanical operation of
the building such as mechanical rooms, electrical rooms, telephone equipment rooms,
elevator shafts, equipment and machinery rooms, pipe and duct shafts and chases,
penthouses, etc..
4.
Building Service and Storage Area shall be the sum of all areas devoted to
janitor closets, maintenance areas, receiving areas, loading docks, etc.
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5.
General Circulation areas shall be the sum of all areas devoted to horizontal
and vertical circulation of occupants between the several areas of the building. (i.e.,
corridors and stairs)
6.
Exterior Sheltered Area shall be the sum of all covered walkways, patios, and
similar spaces. These areas shall be calculated using a factor of 0.50.
7.
Structural Area shall be the sum of all areas devoted to the building structure
such as columns, bearing walls, etc.
8.
Gross Building Area shall be the sum of all areas described above.
9.
Exterior Developed Area shall be the sum of all specific purpose areas such as
plazas, fountains, walkways, landscaping, etc.. These areas shall be calculated using a
factor of 0.25.
10.
Gross Project Area shall be the sum of the gross building area and the exterior
developed area.
11.
Net Maintainable Area shall be the gross project area less the structural area.
REST AREA FACILITIES COMPUTATION FORM
The Rest Area Facilities Computation Form on the next pages is used to calculate the
quantities of facilities provided at rest areas. This Form helps to establish the numbers
of plumbing fixtures (toilets and urinals) and parking spaces (cars, trucks & RV=s) at
each site. The building square footage and site layouts are determined based on these
values
The Form is based on the Average Daily Traffic (ADT) of the roadway served.
Department Transportation Statistics Office establishes the ADT using the average of
the 30th highest volume daily traffic. This allows the facilities to accommodate traffic for
all except the busiest 12 days of the year.
Since rest area building facilities are assumed to be Assembly Use facilities, the Form
provides for the calculation of differences in quantities of men’s and women’s toilet
fixtures to accommodate required ratio of toilet facilities in accordance with F.A.C.
Chapter 9B-56 (potty parity.)
Page 4-5 shows an example completed Comp Form. Page 4-6 is a blank Comp Form
that may be duplicated for each project.
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Rest Area Facilities Computation Form
A=
40,000
K=
0.135
D=
0.6
= 20 Year ADT
(Allow for local commuter traffic)
= Ratio of Design Hourly Volume to ADT
(Generally 0.135)
= Directional distribution of Design Hourly Volume
(Generally 0.6)
T=
0.25
= Percent of
overall traffic represented by Trucks
& Recreational Vehicles (RV=s)
(Generally 0.25)
Insert Factor
Total
B=
Peak Hourly Directional Traffic (Design Hourly Volume, DHV)
B=AxKxD=
B = __3240__
C=
Traffic Composition, Peak Hourly Volume
C1 = Cars ( 100% - T = _ 75__ % )
C2 = Trucks & RV=s ( T = _ 25__ %)
TOTAL of Cars, Trucks & RV=s
__75__ % x B =
__25__ % x B =
C1 + C2 = C =
C1 = __2430__
C2 = ___810__
C = __2430__
__10%_ x C1 =
D1 = ___243__
__15%_ x C2 =
D1 + D2 = D0 =
D2 = ___122__
D0 = ___365__
__0.33_ x D1 =
E1 = ____81__
0.5 x D2 =
E2 = ____61__
2.25 x D0 =
F = ___821__
0.04 x F =
0.5 x G =
0.75 x G =
G = ____32_*
Men = ____16__
Women = ____24__
D0 =
E=
F=
G=
Vehicles stopping at Rest Area, Peak Hourly Volume
D1 = Cars
( a ) At rest area near commercial or recreational facilities - 5%
( b ) At rest area on typical rural route - 10%
( c ) At welcome centers - 15%
D2 = Trucks & RV=s - 15%
TOTAL of Cars, Trucks & RV=s
Parking Spaces, Peak Hourly Volume
E1 = Cars
( a ) At rest areas - 15 to 20 minutes average stop (0.25 - 0.33 hr.)
( b ) At welcome centers - 20 to 30 minutes average stop (0.33 - 0.5 hr.)
E2 = Trucks & RV=s - 30 minutes average stop (0.5 hr.)
Persons per hour using comfort facilities, Peak Hourly Volume
Toilet and Urinal Fixtures
( a ) Men, Each Direction (2.5 minutes average use)
( b ) Women, Each Direction (3.25 minutes average use)
* If G is uneven, reduce to next lower even number
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Rest Area Facilities Computation Form
A=
= 20 Year ADT
(Allow for local commuter traffic)
= Ratio of Design Hourly Volume to ADT
(Generally 0.135)
= Directional distribution of Design Hourly Volume
(Generally 0.6)
K=
D=
T=
= Percent of
overall traffic represented by Trucks
& Recreational Vehicles (RV=s)
(Generally 0.25)
Insert Factor
Total
B=
Peak Hourly Directional Traffic (Design Hourly Volume, DHV)
B=AxKxD=
B = ________
C=
Traffic Composition, Peak Hourly Volume
C1 = Cars ( 100% - T = ______ % )
C2 = Trucks & RV=s ( T = ______ %)
TOTAL of Cars, Trucks & RV=s
______ % x B =
______ % x B =
C1 + C2 = C =
C1 = ________
C2 = ________
C = ________
______ x C1 =
D1 = ________
______ x C1 =
D1 + D2 = D0 =
D2 = ________
D0 = ________
______ x D1 =
E1 = ________
0.5 x D1 =
E2 = ________
2.25 x D0 =
F = ________
0.04 x F =
0.5 x G =
0.75 x G =
G = _______*
Men = ________
Women = ________
D0 =
E=
F=
G=
Vehicles stopping at Rest Area, Peak Hourly Volume
D1 = Cars
( a ) At rest area near commercial or recreational facilities - 5%
( b ) At rest area on typical rural route - 10%
( c ) At welcome centers - 15%
D2 = Trucks & RV=s - 15%
TOTAL of Cars, Trucks & RV=s
Parking Spaces, Peak Hourly Volume
E1 = Cars
( a ) At rest areas - 15 to 20 minutes average stop (0.25 - 0.33 hr.)
( b ) At welcome centers - 20 to 30 minutes average stop (0.33 - 0.5 hr.)
E2 = Trucks & RV=s - 30 minutes average stop (0.5 hr.)
Persons per hour using comfort facilities, Peak Hourly Volume
Toilet and Urinal Fixtures
( a ) Men, Each Direction (2.5 minutes average use)
( b ) Women, Each Direction (3.25 minutes average use)
* If this number is uneven, reduce to next lower even number
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APPENDIX A.2
Applicable Codes, Standards, And Regulations
The following list of codes, standards, rules, and regulations are required for the design
and construction of state buildings by Florida Statutes (F.S.) as implemented by various
departmental rules in accordance with Florida Administrative Code as described below.
In cases of conflict between these documents, the more stringent requirements shall
apply.
Building Codes:
Florida Building Code
Accessibility for Persons with Disabilities:
Florida Accessibility Code for Building Construction (FACBC)
Chapter 11 of the Florida Building Code
Section 255.21 and Chapter 553, Part V, F.S.
ANSI A117.1 - 1986
Titles II and III, Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA), Public Law 101-336; and
the ADA Accessibility Guidelines (ADAAG)
Fire Codes and Rules:
NFPA 70-1990
NFPA 101-1997
NFPA 10-1998
NFPA 11-1999
NFPA 11A-1998
NFPA 12-1998
NFPA 13-1996
NFPA 30-1996
NFPA 54-1996
NFPA 58-1998
National Electrical Code
Life Safety Code
Standard for Portable Fire Extinguishers
Standard for Low-Expansion Foam Systems
Standard for High-and Medium-Expansion Foam Systems
Standard for Carbon Dioxide Extinguishing Systems
Installation of Sprinkler Systems
Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code
National Gas Fuel Code
LP-Gas Code
Consult with the Florida State Fire Marshal=s office for other frequently used codes.
Energy Conservation:
Rule 13D-10, F.A.C., Rules for construction and leases of State Owned Buildings
to ensure energy conservation
Section 255.251, F.S., ”Florida Energy Conservation Act of 1974".
Section 255.255, F.S., Life-cycle costs.
Glass:
Chapter 553, F.S., Part III, Glass
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February 2002
Elevators:
Chapter 7C-5, Florida Elevator Code
Chapter 399, F.S., Elevators
Flood Plain Management Criteria:
Section 255.25, F.S., Approval required prior to construction or lease of
buildings.
Rules of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
Extinguishing Systems
NFPA 10
NFPA 13
NFPA 14
NFPA 17
NFPA 20
NFPA 24
NFPA 2001
Fire Extinguishers
Sprinkler
Standpipe & Hose System
Dry Chemical
Centrifugal Fire Pump
Private Fire Service Mains
Standard on Clean Agent Fire Extinguishing Systems
Detection & Fire Alarm Systems
NFPA 70
Electrical Code
NFPA 72
Standard for the installation, maintenance and use of local
protective signaling systems
NFPA 72E
Automatic Fire Detectors
NFPA 72H
Testing procedures for remote station and proprietary
systems
NFPA 72G
Installation. Maintenance and Use of Notification Appliances
NFPA 74
Household Fire Warning Equipment
NFPA 75
Protection of Electronic Computer Equipment
Mechanical Systems
NFPA 90A
NFPA 92A
NFPA 96
NFPA 204M
Air Conditioning and ventilating systems
Smoke Control Systems
Removal of Smoke & Grease-Laden Vapors from
Commercial Cooking Equipment
Smoke and Heating Venting
Miscellaneous Systems
NFPA 45
NFPA 80
NFPA 88A
NFPA 105
NFPA 110
NFPA 220
NFPA 241
SFM Rule 4A-47
SFM 4A-51
Laboratories Using Chemicals
Fire Doors and Windows
Parking Structures
Smoke and draft-control door assemblies
Emergency and standby power systems
Types of building construction
Safeguard construction, alteration and operations
Elevators
Boilers
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Other:
Chapter 10D-6 F.A.C.
Chapter 17-6.070 F.A.C.
Chapter 17-761 F.A.C.
February 2002
On Site Sewage Disposal Systems (septic tanks)
Wastewater Facilities (treatment plants)
Underground Storage Tank Rules
These documents are revised periodically by the responsible agencies and adopted by
authorities having jurisdiction on building projects. The design consultant and the
project manager are advised to obtain applicable versions of these documents from the
responsible agency prior to use.
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APPENDIX A.3
Department of Management Services Plans Review
and Permitting Requirements and Fee Schedule
Until March 1, 2002, the Florida Department of Management Services (DMS) is the
State=s ”building [email protected] charged by the legislature with enforcing the adopted building
codes. Toward this end DMS conducts reviews of construction documents, issues
building permits and conducts inspections of building projects under construction for
compliance with the codes.
As of March 1, 2002 the majority of the functions of enforcing building code will transfer
to the local building officials (cities and counties). DMS will retain voluntary plans
review responsibility for prototype state buildings. Local officials will conduct plans
reviews and inspections for site adaptations for DMS-reviewed prototype facilities.
DMS requires the submittal of two signed and sealed sets of construction drawings and
specifications and one computer diskette with the plans in AutoCAD (.dwg) file format
and one with specification text files in Microsoft Word format.
DMS charges fees to administer and conduct construction document reviews and
inspections for compliance with the applicable building codes. These fees are billed
directly to the FDOT. The Fees illustrated in the schedule below are based on the pre1996 DMS fee schedule. To date DMS still uses that schedule to estimate the
consultant contracts for the plans review and inspection services and the fees listed are
intended to be not-to-exceed amounts. However, the fees described are not
guarantees of the total cost for these services. Small projects and complex projects
may bear higher permit / inspection fees. (see also Reinspection Notes below)
CONSTRUCTION
AMOUNT1
DMS PERMIT FEE 2
DMS PLANS REVIEW /
INSPECTION FEE 3
$ 0 to $ 2,500
$100 + 0.25% x Const amt
$100 4
$ 2,501 to $ 75,000
$100 + 0.25% x Const amt
$ 100 + 1.6% x (Const amt
- $ 2,500) 5
$ 75,001 to $
5,000,000
$100 + 0.25% x Const amt
$ 1,260 + 1% x (Const amt
- $ 75,0000) 6
$ 5,000,001 and Over
$100 + 0.25% x Const amt
$ 50,510 + 0.4% x (Const amt
- $ 5,000,000) 7
(Notes following)
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DMS Permitting / Inspection Fee Notes: (see Schedule on previous page)
1.
The Construction amount is the Project Cost minus Fire protection, Asbestos
removal, Roadway pavement, Parking lots, Landscaping, and Modular buildings.
2.
The Permit Fee is the DMS Administrative fee charged to manage the Plans
Reviewer and Inspector consultant contracts. DMS issues the Building Permit.
3.
The Plans Review / Inspection Fee covers the consultant contract costs to
perform these duties. The Plans Review fee may be estimated at 6-10% of the
total Plans Review / Inspection Fee.
4.
DMS usually conducts plans review and inspections on the smaller projects inhouse. If so, these fees are probably adequate. If DMS has the consultant
conduct these services, or if the project is complex, the fee estimate will probably
be inadequate. It is advisable to increase the fee estimate on small or complex
projects.
5.
In this project range, the fee estimate may be a little low. It is advisable to
increase the fee estimate on these small projects.
6.
In this project range, the fee estimate should be just about right.
7.
In this project range, the fees will probably be overestimated. It is advisable to
not decrease the fee estimate as “you-never-know!”
Reinspection Notes: (Excerpted from Fixed Capital Outlay Building Contract, Section
C-11). The Permit / Inspection Fee schedule is based on inspections being requested
in the proper sequence and the minimum quantity of inspections required by the code
for that project amount/scope. Should additional inspections be necessary, the
contractor will be required to pay an additional fee for each occurrence as follows:
1.
2.
3.
Work Not Ready: When the contractor calls for an inspection or reinspection
and the work is not ready for inspection, an additional fee will be assessed.
Work Failing Inspection: When the contractor calls for an inspection or
reinspection and the work fails the inspection, an additional fee will be assessed.
Work Not Inspected: Should the contractor miss a required inspection, an
additional fee will be assessed. This will be in addition to any other
reimbursements (e.g., testing) required by the Building Official.
Failure of the contractor to pay these fees may result in a STOP WORK ORDER on the
project. Additionally, the Certificate of Occupancy will not be issued until all fees
assessed the contractor have been paid.
Reinspection Fees will be $150.00 per occurrence.
The FDOT / CEI Construction Project Manager is responsible for tracking any
additional fees and assuring the contractor is assessed the additional costs
(deduction from progress / final payment, etc.)
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APPENDIX A.4
State Fire Marshal Plans Review Submittal
Requirements, Fee Schedule and Submittal Checklist
The plans for all construction of any new, renovation, or alteration of any existing state
owned or state leased building are subject to review and approval of the Division of
State Fire Marshal for compliance with the Uniform Fire Safety Standards prior to
commencement of construction or change of occupancy. The Division of State Fire
Marshal may inspect state owned and state leased spaces as necessary prior to
occupancy or during construction, renovation, or alteration to ascertain compliance with
the uniform fire safety standards, Section 633.085, F.S. and Chapter 4A-52, F.A.C.
PLANS REVIEW FEES State Owned Buildings:
For Plans Review: The Consultant shall send two (2) complete sets of signed and
sealed contract documents to:
Division of State Fire Marshal
Plans Review Section
The fee for plans review of all construction documents for new construction or
alterations to existing facilities shall be paid in advance by the Design Professional prior
to the review of the documents. This fee is included in the consultant contract.
The check should be made payable to and sent to:
DEPARTMENT OF INSURANCE
Receipt Processing Section
The fee for plans review is determined by multiplying the estimated construction cost of
the building project, less the real estate, by the constant .0025.
Example: $2,000,000 x .0025 ~ $5,000 fee (There is a minimum fee of $100.)
In situations where the user state agency, through it's own facilities prepares the
construction documents, then the user agency is responsible for paying the fee in
advance by FLAIR Journal Transfer. A copy of the journal transfer (voucher) is to
accompany the plans.
Complete the attached Review Request Form, in its entirety, and include it with the plan
submittal to the State Fire Marshal's Office.
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State Leased Buildings:
The fee for plans review of all contract documents, new construction or renovation to
existing, shall be paid in advance by the Lessor prior to the review of the documents.
The checks should he made payable to and sent to:
DEPARTMENT OF INSURANCE
Receipt Processing Section
For Plans Review: The Lessor shall send two (2) complete sets of signed and sealed
plans, with a cover letter stating the facility's name, lease number to:
Division of State Fire Marshal
Plans Review Section
A copy of the cover letter shall be sent to:
Chief
Facilities Management
The fee for plans review is determined by multiplying the estimated replacement cost of
the building or portion of the building (based on net square footage) to be leased to the
State by the constant .0025.
Example:
The total building is valued at $400,000 and the state is leasing 25% of
the NET building square footage. The fee would be calculated by
multiplying $400,000 by 25% = $100,000.00 (cost of leased space)
multiplied by .0025 ~ $250.00.
When plans are approved and the approval letter issued, that approval is good for one
(1) year from date of issue. After that, the plans must be re-submitted and another
review fee paid.
Plans Disposition:
The Division of State Fire Marshal will require submitter to furnish two (2) sets of signed
and sealed contract documents or approval to the Plans Review Section for review.
When the documents are approved for construction, one (1) set will be stamped with
the Fire Marshal's stamp of approval and returned to the submitter.
The stamped set of plans must be kept on the job site for the fire safety inspector's use
at the time of inspection. It shall be the responsibility of the submitter to see that the
"approved" set of plans is on the construction site before work begins and remains
there until final inspection and approval has been issued.
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S.F.M. Plans Review Submittal Checklist:
The review process allows 30 calendar days for review of all state-owned property and
10 calendar days for review of state leased property. The process seldom takes the
entire required time; however, this time can be reduced even further by simply
reviewing the set of plans you are submitting with the following questions in mind:
Do the plans show the use of each room, i.e., office, conference, laboratory, closet,
storage, etc.?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Do the plans show the number of floors in this building and the location of the
project under consideration in comparison to the entire floor and building?
Is the building sprinklered and, if so, do the plans show the location of the
sprinkler heads in the area(s) under consideration?
Do the plans show the exit marking(s), locations), and direction of travel?
Is there emergency lighting and, if so, what is the type and location?
What is the type and location(s) of the fire extinguisher(s)?
Are there any special fire extinguishing systems (such as Halon 1301 or dry
chemical hood system)?
If applicable, do the plans show the type and location(s) of smoke and/or heat
detector(s) (including duct detectors)?
Are there any manual fire alarm pull stations and, if so, where are they located
and what is their elevation above floor?
Are there any smoke dampers and, if so, what are their type and location(s)?
Access panels?
Do the documents show the door fire rating on the schedule?
Do the plans show a nationally tested wall assembly detail for rated walls?
Do the plans show the exits and their exit discharge i.e., top of structure to the
level of exit discharge?
If applicable, do the plans show the stair and handrail detail?
What are the interior finishes i.e., paneling, drywall, wallpaper and its flame
spread rating?
While answering these few questions will expedite the process, they are not the
complete set of questions that could be asked. If there are any special circumstances,
or hazards that require further clarification, the reviewer will attempt to contact you;
therefore, include the name and telephone number of a contact person with your plan
submission. Please, remember that if you are called and asked for additional
information or clarification, the reviewer needs this information in writing before he can
approve the project. If the statutory time (10 days on a lease or 30 days on state
owned) expires he must disapprove the project and a resubmittal process may add
further delay to the project.
The following items are areas where your assistance is required. Please ensure that all
submittals address these necessary items where applicable and help prevent lost time
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due to disapprovals based on lack of information.
1.
Renovations or Alteration - Any alteration, or any installation of new equipment
shall be installed under requirement of new construction. The areas shall be identified
clearly and shall show the area of concern in relation to the total building. This will
ensure that the proposed renovation or alteration will not diminish the life safety
components of the building.
2.
Equivalency Concepts - Any requirement of the code that a designer wishes to
modify by alternative arrangements shall in no case afford less safety to life than the
code presently requires. Any request to use equivalency concepts will only be
considered when technical documentation is submitted.
3.
Classification of Occupancy - Plans shall indicate type of occupancy based on
N.F.P.A. 101, Chapter 4.
4.
Change of Occupancy - Designer shall identify the existing type occupancy and
clearly identify the new occupancy use and areas.
5.
Floor Area - The gross square feet of the building shall be indicated on the
plans. All assembly rooms shall have net floor area given.
6.
High Hazard Area - Any areas of a building, structure, or parts thereof,
containing highly combustible, flammable, explosive products or materials likely to burn
rapidly shall be identified on submittal. The designers all identify amounts and types of
hazardous materials used throughout the facility.
7.
Means of Egress - All three components of the means of egress (exit access,
exit and exit discharge) shall be clearly identified on submittal. Travel distance to exits
shall be detailed.
8.
Occupancy load- The occupant load for each floor and calculations showing
how load was obtained "shall be shown". All assembly rooms, spaces, or areas will be
identified and calculated with calculations shown on plans.
9.
Construction Type - The type of construction shall be identified as it may qualify
per N.F.P.A. 220.
10.
Atrium - Any building in which the designer has incorporated an atrium shall
have the atrium area clearly defined on the contract document.
11.
Penetration of Smoke or Fire Barriers - Passage of pipes, conduits, bus ducts,
cables, wires, air ducts, pneumatic ducts and similar service equipment shall be
detailed as close to installation as the submitter can reasonably do so.
12.
Fire Detection, Alarm and Communications Systems - All existing or new
systems shall be clearly identified on plans. The type system and the appropriate
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N.F.P.A. standard that was used for design and installation shall be indicated on the
plans signed and sealed by the Designer of Record.
13.
Automatic Sprinkler System, Standpipes and Fire Pumps - All existing or
new systems shall be clearly identified on plans. The type system and appropriate
N.F.P.A. standard that was used for design and installation shall be indicated on plans
signed and sealed by the Designer of Record. Hydraulic calculations, also signed and
sealed by the Designer of Record, shall accompany the plans.
14.
All sheets shall have the correct name of the facility, i.e.- Building Name, Building
Number, Office Complex Name, Street Address, City, County, and Zip code and
assigned lease number noted on the document.
If there are any questions concerning this notice, please contact the State Fire
Marshal's Plans Review Section.
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APPENDIX A.5
Florida Energy Modeling Program
(FEMP)
Objective:
Life-cycle cost analysis (LCCA) techniques are required to evaluate various building
energy-consuming equipment, systems and/or competing design to determine the leastcost alternative over the life of the building or equipment to ensure energy efficiency
considerations are a function of design and are properly evaluated.
Basic Requirements and Methodology:
Florida Statute 255.254 mandates LCCA for new or major renovated facilities 5,000
square feet or greater as well as when any state agency must replace or supplement
major energy-consuming equipment in existing state-owned or lease facilities. Either
an architect or engineer who is licensed/registered in the State of Florida must compute
the LCCA.
A minimum of three distinct HVAC/equipment schemes shall be evaluated using one of
the following approved building load and LCCA software programs:
a.
Trane Company -TRACE7 series of HVAC load and economic analysis software
b.
Carrier Corporation ->Hourly Analysis Program= (HAP) and Economic Analysis
Program
c.
Elite Software=s >Building Energy/Analysis Program (EZDOE)
The availability of natural gas shall be evaluated for each project and the cost for such
shall be per the State of Florida=s natural gas procurement program pricing. Contact
the DMS State Purchasing Office at (850) 488-8440 for details.
Electrical rates shall be obtained from the electrical supplier and reflect the estimated
demand and consumption levels pursuant to the current programming information
and/or as necessary to properly operate the facility=s lighting, heating, ventilating, and
air conditioning (HVAC) systems, as well as miscellaneous loads such as domestic hot
water, computers, servers, microwave ovens, vending machines, copiers, and other
internal space loads.
Building heating and cooling loads shall accurately reflect the latest design features of
the building such as quantity and type of glass, building orientation, overall wall and roof
thermal resistance values, outside and exhaust air requirements, humidity level,
estimated occupancy and holiday schedules, etc.
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The analysis shall utilize recommendations and methods promulgated by professional
societies such as the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air Conditioning
Engineers (ASHRAE); governmental organization such as the National Institute of
Standards and Technology (NIST), and others. The analysis shall use an interest rate
of 6% and an inflation rate of 0%. Projected fuel and/or energy costs are available in
the >Annual Supplement to NIST Handbook 135'.
LCCA shall include estimates of operating and maintenance (replacement items such
as compressors, major service requirements such as tube cleaning/repairs, etc.) costs
that are specific to the equipment or system installed. Consult with the equipment
manufacturer for current pricing.
The minimum LCCA period shall be 20 years and all equipment shall be evaluated over
the same period of time and include replacement costs, where applicable. For
example, if one piece of equipment lasts 10 years and another 20, include the
replacement cost of the 10-year equipment at time equals 10 years. Where equipment
service lives exceed 20 years, say for one piece of equipment such as a centrifugal
water chiller, use the actual/longer life as the analysis period.
Design changes that affect the building load analysis or LCCA must be reflected in an
updated run of the building load or LCCA and submitted to the FDOT Project Manager
for review towards approval.
It is recommended that major building features targeted for value engineering be
evaluated in similar fashion to ascertain the true value of the item or system in question.
First-cost comparisons are typically shortsighted and misleading.
Submittals:
FDOT requires one paper copy of the program=s input and output data sheets along
with completed FEMP Summary Data Sheets (see attached). If additional comments or
clarification of issues are required, submit them in writing as part of the transmittal letter
or attachment with the analysis. Sheet two of the FEMP Summary Data Sheets
requires the architect or engineer=s signature and seal. This information shall be
provided to the FDOT Project Manager and forwarded to DMS as follows:
FEMP Review Engineer
Department of Management Services
Division of Building Construction
FDOT and DMS will review the submittal and respond in writing with either a request for
additional information, an approval, or otherwise.
For additional information, contact the FEMP Review Engineer.
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FLORIDA ENERGY MODELING PROGRAM (FEMP)
SUMMARY DATA SHEETS
GENERAL INFORMATION
Project Information:
Project Number:
Project Title:
District:
Project Address:
FDOT Project Manager:
Specify whether new or renovation type project:
Specify Design Phase:
Data Prepared for (Architect, Owner, etc.):
Contact Person:
Company Name:
Company Address:
Company Telephone No.:
Data Prepared by (Architect/Engineer):
Prepared by:
Company Name:
Company Address:
Company Telephone No.:
Submittal (check one):
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(1) INFORMATION REQUIRED:
LIFE-CYCLE ANALYSIS: Three scenarios for cooling/heating are
required. Identify and describe each scenario below:
1.
2.
3.
SCENARIO LIFE-CYCLE COST ANALYSIS DATA:
FIRST COST
ANNUAL ENERGY COST
LIFE-CYCLE COST
1.
2.
3.
(2) UTILIZATION:
WINNING SCENARIO:
EXPLAIN IN DETAIL IF NOT USED:
(3) Critical Building Design Data:
1.
Square feet per installed ton:
2.
Maximum relative humidity as designed:
3.
Number of occupants:
4.
Outdoor air quantity as designed: CFM:
5.
Outside air basis-of-design:
6.
Energy performance index:
7.
Analysis period:
BTUH/SF/YR
Comments/Remarks:
Attach a copy of the input and output data sheets.
Sign and Seal:
Date:
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APPENDIX A.6
FDOT Publications
The following publications are adopted as a part of this Manual by reference.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Facilities Access for Persons with Disabilities (Topic No. 625-010-015)
Fixed Capital Outlay Program
(Topic No. 425-000-001)
Building Code Compliance-Plans Review, Permits and Inspections
(Topic No. 425-020-001)
Asbestos Management Program
(Topic No. 425-000-005)
Design-Build Procurement & Administration
(Topic No. 625-020-010)
Plans Preparation Manual (English)
(Topic No. 625-000-007, &
Topic No. 625-000-008)
Design Standards
(Topic No. 625-010-003)
Structures Design Guidelines
(Topic No. 625-020-150)
Structures Detailing Manual
(Topic No. 625-020-200)
Structures Standard Drawings
(Topic No. 625-020-300)
Standard Specifications for Road and Bridge Construction
END OF APPENDICES
END OF FACILITIES DESIGN GUIDELINES
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