UG_TE100-S16R
TE100-S16R
16-Port 10/100Mbps
NWay Ethernet Switch
User’s Guide
FCC Warning
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the
regulations for a Class A digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the
FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection
against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a
commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can
radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance with this user’s guide, may cause harmful interference to
radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential
area is likely to cause harmful interference, in which case the user will
be required to correct the interference at his own expense.
CE Mark Warning
This is a Class A product. In a domestic environment, this product
may cause radio interference, in which case the user may be required
to take adequate measures.
P/N: 6012-3216211
Rev.A1-01
UL Warning
a) Elevated Operating Ambient Temperature-If installed in a closed or multi- unit rack
assembly, the operating ambient temperature of the rack environment may be greater
than room ambient. Therefore, consideration should be given to installing the
equipment in an environment compatible with the manufacturer's maximum rated
ambient temperature (Tmra).
b) Reduced Air Flow- Installation of the equipment in a rack should be such that the
amount of air flow required for safe operation of the equipment is not compromised.
c) Mechanical Loading-Mounting of the equipment in the rack should be such that a
hazardous condition is not achieved due to uneven mechanical loading.
d) Circuit Overloading- Consideration should be given to the connection of the
equipment to the supply circuit and the effect that overloading of circuits might have on
overcurrent protection and supply wiring. Appropriate consideration of equipment
nameplate ratings should be used when addressing this concern.
e) Reliable Earthing-Reliable earthing of rack-mounted equipment should be
maintained. Particular attention should be given to supply connections other than direct
connections to the branch circuit (e.g., use of power strips).
TABLE
OF
C ONTENTS
ABOUT THIS GUIDE ............................................................III
PURPOSE .................................................................................................. III
TERMS/USAGE ...................................................................................... III
OVERVIEW OF THIS USER’S GUIDE............................................. III
INTRODUCTION .........................................................................1
FAST ETHERNET TECHNOLOGY ......................................................1
SWITCHING TECHNOLOGY ................................................................2
FEATURES .................................................................................................3
UNPACKING AND INSTALLATION ....................5
UNPACKING..............................................................................................5
INSTALLATION ........................................................................................5
RACK MOUNTING..................................................................................6
IDENTIFYING EXTERNAL COMPONENTS
...........................................................................................................................7
FRONT PANEL..........................................................................................7
REAR PANEL............................................................................................8
LED I NDICATORS..................................................................................9
TRUNKING SETTING..............................................................................9
QOS (Q UALITY OF S ERVICE) SETTING......................................12
i
CONNECTING THE SWITCH................................... 15
PC TO SWITCH......................................................................................15
HUB TO SWITCH ...................................................................................15
A. 10BASE-T Hub ............................................................................. 16
B. 100BASE-TX Hub ........................................................................ 16
HUB WITHOUT UPLINK (MDI-II) PORT .....................................16
A. Using straight cable .................................................................... 16
B. Using crossover cable................................................................ 16
SWITCH TO SWITCH (OTHER DEVICES ) ......................................17
A. Using straight cable .................................................................... 17
B. Using crossover cable................................................................ 17
PORT S PEED & DUPLEX M ODE....................................................17
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS............................ 19
ii
A BOUT T HIS G UIDE
Congratulations on your purchase of the 16-Port 10/100Mbps NWay
Ethernet Switch. This device integrates 100Mbps Fast Ethernet and
10Mbps Ethernet network capabilities in a highly flexible package.
Purpose
This guide discusses how to install your 16-Port 10/100Mbps NWay
Ethernet Switch.
Terms/Usage
In this guide, the term “Switch” (first letter upper case) refers to your
16-Port 10/100Mbps NWay Ethernet Switch, and ”switch” (first letter
lower case) refers to other Ethernet switches.
Overview of this User’s Guide
Introduction. Describes the Switch and its features.
Unpacking and Installation. Helps you get started with the basic
installation of the Switch.
Identifying External Components. Describes the front panel, rear
panel and LED indicators of the Switch.
Connecting the Switch. Tells how you can connect the Switch to your
Ethernet network.
Technical Specifications. Lists the technical (general, physical and
environmental, and performance) specifications of the Switch.
RJ-45 Pin Specification. Describes the RJ-45 receptacle/connector
and the straight through and crossover cable connector.
iii
I NTRODUCTION
This chapter describes the features of the Switch and some
background information about Ethernet/Fast Ethernet switching
technology.
Fast Ethernet Technology
The growing importance of LANs and the increasing complexity of
desktop computing applications are fueling the need for high
performance networks. A number of high-speed LAN technologies
have been proposed to provide greater bandwidth and improve
client/server response times. Among them, 100BASE-TX (Fast
Ethernet) provides a non-disruptive, smooth evolution from the
current 10BASE-T technology. The non-disruptive and smooth
evolution nature, and the dominating potential market base, virtually
guarantee cost effective and high performance Fast Ethernet solutions
in the years to come.
100Mbps Fast Ethernet is a new standard specified by the IEEE 802.3
LAN committee. It is an extension of the 10Mbps Ethernet standard
with the ability to transmit and receive data at 100Mbps, while
maintaining the CSMA/CD Ethernet protocol. Since the Switch is
compatible with all 10Mbps Ethernet environments, it provides a
straightforward upgrade and takes advantage of the existing
investment in hardware, software, and personnel training.
1
Switching Technology
Another approach to pushing beyond the limits of Ethernet technology
is the development of switching technology. A switch bridges and
transmits Ethernet packets at the MAC address level of the Ethernet
protocol, among connected Ethernet or Fast Ethernet LAN segments.
Switching is a cost-effective way of increasing the total network
capacity available to users on a local area network. A switch
increases capacity and decreases network loading by dividing a local
area network into different segments. Each segment has its own
bandwidth and it does not compete with others for network
transmission capacity.
A switch acts as a high-speed selective bridge between the individual
segments. The switch forwards traffic from origin segment to
destination segment, without interfering with any other segments. By
doing this, the total network capacity is multiplied, while still
maintaining the same network cabling and adapter cards.
For Fast Ethernet networks, a switch is an effective way of eliminating
problems of uplinking Fast Ethernet hubs beyond the “two-repeater
limit”. A switch can be used to split parts of the network into different
collision domains, making it possible to expand your Fast Ethernet
network beyond the 205-meter network diameter limit. The switch
supports both traditional 10Mbps Ethernet and 100Mbps Fast
Ethernet, which is also ideal for bridging between the existing
10Mbps networks and the new 100Mbps networks.
LAN Switching technology is a marked improvement over the
previous generation of network bridges, which were criticized by their
higher latencies. Routers have also been used to segment local area
networks. But, the router expensive, difficult to setup, and
2
maintenance intensive, these make ti relatively impractical for the
network. Switch, on the other hand, is less expensive, easier to setup,
and practically maintenance free, which make it an ideal solution to
today’s local area network congestion problems.
Features
This high performance Switch was designed for a network
environment where traffic and the number of users increase
continuously.
The Switch, with its standard rack-mount size, is perfect for middle to
large workgroups. It provides immediate access to a rapidly growing
network through a wide range of user-reliable functions.
The Switch is ideal for shared bandwidth 10Mbps or 100Mbps
workgroups with multiple high-speed servers. With the highest
bandwidth at 200Mbps (100Mbps full-duplex mode), each port can
provide workstation with congestion-free data-pipe for simultaneous
access to the server.
The Switch is expandable by cascading two or more switches
together. As all ports support 200Mbps, the Switch can be cascaded
from any port and to any number of switches.
The Switch is a perfect choice for 10Mbps network site that could be
upgraded to Fast Ethernet in the future. Ethernet workgroups can
connect to the Switch now, and change adapters and hubs anytime
later without changing the Switch or reconfiguring the network.
The Switch combines dynamic memory allocation with store-andforward switching method to ensure that the buffer is effectively
allocated for each port. It also controls the data flow between transmit
and receive nodes to guarantee against all possible packet loss.
3
This Switch is an unmanaged 10/100Mbps Fast Ethernet Switch that
offers solutions to increase Ethernet workgroup bandwidth. Other key
features are as followed:
??Uplink/MDI-II (media dependent interface) port for uplink to another
switch or hub.
??Store and forward switching scheme. As the result of complete frame
checking and error frame filtering, this scheme prevents error packages
from transmitting among segments.
??NWay Auto-negotiation for any port. This allows auto-sensing of speed
(10/100Mbps) thereby providing you with automatic and flexible
solutions for your network.
??IEEE 802.3x flow control for full-duplex mode operation.
??Back pressure flow control for half-duplex mode operation.
??Data Forwarding Rate (per port) at wire-speed for both 10Mbps and
100Mbps speed.
??Data Filtering Rate (per port) at wire-speed for both 10Mbps and
100Mbps speed; eliminates all error packets, runts, etc.
??16K active MAC address entry table with self-learning and table ageing.
??512KBytes RAM buffer per device.
??Broadcast storm protection.
??Three QoS levels; checked via IP header, 802.1Q VLAN Tag, and/or
selected per port basis.
??Supports two trunking groups for cascading two or more Switches (same
model).
4
U NPACKING AND I NSTALLATION
This chapter provides unpacking and setup information for the Switch.
Unpacking
Open the shipping cartons and carefully unpacks its contents. The
carton should contain the following items:
?? One the 16-Port 10/100Mbps NWay Ethernet Switch
?? One AC power cord; suitable for your area’s electrical
power connections
?? Four rubber feet to be used for shock cushioning
?? Screws and two mounting brackets
?? This User’s Guide
If any item is found missing or damaged, please contact your local
reseller for replacement.
Installation
The site where you install the Switch may greatly affect its
performance. When installing, consider the following pointers:
?? Install the Switch in a fairly cool and dry place. See Technical
Specification for the acceptable operating temperature and
humidity ranges.
?? Install the Switch in a site free from strong electromagnetic
source, vibration, dust, and direct sunlight.
?? Leave at least 10cm of space at the left and right hand side of the
Switch for ventilation.
5
?? Install the Switch on a sturdy, level surface that can support its
weight, or on a 19” EIA standard-size equipment rack. For
information on rack installation, please see the next section, Rack
Mounting.
?? When installing the Switch on a level surface, attach the rubber
feet on the corners at the bottom of the Switch. The rubber feet
cushion the Switch and protect the bottom of the Switch.
Rack Mounting
The switch can be mounted in an EIA standard-size 19-inch rack,
which can be placed in a wiring closet with other equipment. Attach
the mounting brackets at the switch’s side panels (one on each side),
and secure them with the provided screws.
After that, use screws provided with the equipment rack to mount each
switch in the rack.
6
I DENTIFYING E XTERNAL C OMPONENTS
This section identifies all the major external components of the
switch. Both the front and rear panel is shown, followed by a
description of each panel’s feature. The LED indicator panel is
described in detail in the next chapter.
Front Panel
The figure below shows the front panels of the switch.
16-Port 10/100Mbps NWay Ethernet Switch
LED Indicator Panel
Refer to the next chapter for detailed information about each LED
indicator.
Twisted-Pair Ports
Use any of these ports to connect network devices (workstations,
hubs, switches, etc.) to the Switch. These ports are MDI-X ports and
you can use ordinary straight-through twisted-pair cables to connect
PCs, workstations, and Servers to the Switch. If you need to connect
these ports to devices with MDI-X ports, you need to use crossover
cables, or connect using the Uplink port (described below).
Uplink Port
The Uplink port is a MDI-II port, which means you can connect this
port to another device’s MDI-X port using an ordinary straightthrough twisted-pair cable.
7
Port 8 and the Uplink port is really the same port, except that their
pin-outs are different. Do not use both Port 8 and the Uplink port at
the same time.
Rear Panel
Trunking setting DIP switch:
By using the trunking DIP switches, you can set the trunking function.
For detail information on how to configure trunking, please refer to
the Trunking Setting in the next section.
QoS setting DIP switch:
By using the QoS DIP switches, you can set the QoS function. For
detail information on how to setup QoS, please refer to the QoS
Setting in the next section.
AC Power Connector:
For the power cord.
8
LED Indicators
Power (Power Indicator)
This indicator lights green when the hub is receiving power. This LED
is off indicating no power.
10/100M FDX and 10/100M COL (10/100Mbps Full-Duplex and
10/100Mbps Collision Indicator)
This LED indicator lights green when the respective port is in fullduplex (FDX) mode. It remains off for half-duplex operation. This
LED blinks green when collision occurs on the respective port.
Note: the full-duplex LED lights green when the connected device
supports full-duplex operation.
10M Link/ACT and 100M Link/ACT (10Mbps Link/Activity
(amber) and 100Mbps Link/Activity (green) Indicator)
This indicator lights green when the port is connected to a 100Mbps
device. It blinks green when transmitting or receiving data on the
100Mbps network.
This indicator lights amber when the port is connected to a 10Mbps
device. It blinks amber when transmitting or receiving data on the
10Mbps network.
Trunking setting
This Switch supports trunking function. Trunking function increases
backbone bandwidth and reduces network congestion; this is helpful
when the traffic is heavy between the cascaded Switches.
You can cascade two Switches via one trunking group (max. of 4
ports) with bandwidth up to 800Mbps; or cascade three (or more)
9
Switches via both trunking groups with 800Mbps bandwidth between
the Switches. Please see the table and diagrams below for more
information.
A0
0
1
0
1
B0
0
1
0
1
A1
0
0
1
1
B1
0
0
1
1
Trunking Group A
Disable
Port 1 & 9 (400Mbps)
Port 1, 2 & 9 (600Mbps)
Port 1, 2, 9 & 10 (800Mbps)
Trunking Group B
Disable
Port 8, 16 (400Mbps)
Port 8, 15 & 16 (600Mbps)
Port 7, 8, 15 & 16 (800Mbps)
You can select to trunk two Switches using 2, 3, or 4 ports with Trunk
Group A or B. Please follow the instructions below to set the trunking
dipswitches:
Note: You can only trunk same model Switches together.
1. Power off the Switch.
2. Follow the table above to select the trunk ports and set the
dipswitches.
3. Repeat step 1 & 2 and configure another Switch.
4. Connect the trunk ports together using crossover CAT5 UTP/STP
cables.
5. Power on the Switches.
Please refer below for some trunking examples:
10
Cascade two switches with UpLink port
Cascade two switches with Trunking ports
Cascade three switches with trunking ports
11
QoS (Quality of Service) setting
Quality of Service (QoS) is a networking term that specifies a
guaranteed throughput level. When data packets with QoS priority
information pass through QoS supported device, these packets will be
handled with priority. Without certain level of QoS, multimedia
applications such as Streaming Video and Network Conference can be
sluggish or stopped due to network congestions.
This Switch supports leading edge QoS with three levels of priority
settings. The priority can be checked via layer 2 (IEEE802.1Q VLAN
Tagging) and/or layer 3 (IP Header TOS bits). Port-Based Priority is
also provided for user to set traffic prioritization according to the port
number. Port based priority ensures transmission with precedence for
all incoming packets to the selected port(s). This feature reduces
transmission delay and allows effective video switching in multimedia
applications and improves voice-over-packet application quality.
V LAN Ta g
IP He ader
P ort 1 4
P ort 1 3
P ort 1 2
P ort 11
P ort 6
P ort 5
P ort 4
P ort 3
Disable
Enable
QoS
Note: Please power off the Switch before setting the QoS
dipswitches.
12
Port-Based QoS:
There are eight ports on this Switch that can be set for Port-Based
QoS. The QoS DIP Switches 1~8 represent port number 3~6 and
11~14. After setting the selected port’s DIP Switch to “Enable”, all
incoming packets to these ports will be handled with priority.
IP Header QoS:
The QoS DIP Switch 9 enables/disables IP header QoS feature. When
the DIP Switch is set at “Enable”, the Switch will check each received
data packet and handle the packet according to the TOS bit priority
information.
VLAN Tag QoS:
DIP Switch 10 enables/disables 802.1Q VLAN Tag priority feature.
When the DIP Switch is set at “Enable”, the Switch will check each
received data packet and handle the packet according to the VLAN
tagging priority information.
Note: It is ok to enable all three QoS features, but the Port-Based QoS
supersedes the IP header and VLAN Tag features.
13
C ONNECTING T HE S WITCH
This chapter describes how to connect the Switch to your Fast
Ethernet network.
PC to Switch
A PC can be connected to the Switch via a two-pair Category 3, 4, 5
UTP/STP straight cables. The PC (equipped with a RJ-45 10/100Mbps
phone jack) should be connected to any of the 16 ports (1x - 16x)
Note: Use CAT5 (or better) cable for 100Mbps connection.
After the connection is made, the port LED on the Switch will show
the status of the connection. If LED indicator does not light after
making a proper connection, check the PC LAN card, the cable, the
Switch, and the Switch port.
The following are the possible LED indicator status for PC to Switch
connection:
1. The “LINK/ACT” LED indicator lights green for 100Mbps
connection or lights amber for 10Mbps connection.
2.
The “FDX/COL LED” indicator lights green if the LAN
adapter is in full-duplex mode. The LED remains off when
the adapter is in half-duplex mode.
Hub to Switch
A hub (10 or 100BASE-TX) can be connected to the Switch via a
two-pair Category 3, 4, 5 UTP/STP straight cables. Note: Use CAT5
(or better) cable for 100Mbps connection. The connection is
accomplished from the hub’s uplink (MDI-II) port to any of the
Switch’s 1~16 (MDI-X) ports.
15
A. 10BASE-T Hub
For a 10BASE-T hub, the Switch LED indicators should light up as
the following:
“FDX/COL” LED indicator is OFF.
“LINK/ACT” LED indicator lights amber.
B. 100BASE-TX Hub
When connecting to a 100BASE-TX hub, the Switch LED indicator
should light up as the following:
“FDX/COL” LED indicator is OFF.
“LINK/ACT” LED indicator lights green.
Hub without Uplink (MDI-II) port
If a hub is not equipped with an uplink (MDI-II) port, connection can
be made using either straight cable or crossover cable.
A. Using straight cable
When using straight cable, the connection can be made from Switch’s
uplink (MDI-II) port to any port of the Hub.
B. Using crossover cable
When using crossover cable, the connection can be made from any
regular ports of the Switch to any port of the Hub.
16
Switch to Switch (other devices)
The Switch can be connected to another switch or other devices
(routers, bridges, etc.) via a two-pair Category 3, 4, 5 UTP/STP
straight or crossover cable. Note: Use CAT5 (or better) cable for
100Mbps connection.
A. Using straight cable
When using straight cable, this is done from the Switch’s uplink
(MDI-II) port (Switch A) to any of the 10Mbps or 100Mbps (MDI-X)
port of the other switch (switch B) or other device.
B. Using crossover cable
When using crossover cable, this is done from any (MDI-X) port of
the Switch (Switch A) to any of the 10Mbps, 100Mbps (MDI-X) port
of the other switch (switch B) or other device.
1.
The “LINK/ACT” LED indicator lights green indicating
100Mbps connection or it lights amber indicating 10Mbps
speed.
2.
The “FDX/COL LED” indicator lights green if the connection is
in full-duplex mode. The LED remains off when the connection
is in half-duplex mode.
Port Speed & Duplex Mode
After a connection is made between the Switch and another Ethernet
device, the system uses auto-negotiation to determine the transmission
mode for this twisted-pair connection:
If the attached device does not support auto-negotiation or has
auto-negotiation disabled, an auto-sensing process is initiated to
select the speed and set the duplex mode to half-duplex.
17
T ECHNICAL S PECIFICATIONS
General
IEEE 802.3 10Base-T Ethernet
Standards
IEEE 802.3u 100 Base-TX Fast Ethernet
ANSI/IEEE 802.3 NWay auto-negotiation
IEEE 802.3x flow control
Protocol
CSMA/CD
Data
Transfer
Rate
Ethernet: 10Mbps (half duplex), 20Mbps (full duplex)
Topology
Star
Network
Cables
10BASET: 2-pair UTP Cat. 3,4,5; EIA/TIA- 568 100-ohm STP
Number of
Ports
16 x 10/100Mbps NWay MDI-X ports
Uplink Port
1 x 10/100Mbps NWay MDI-II port, shared with port 8
Fast Ethernet: 100Mbps (half duplex), 200Mbps (full duplex)
100BASE-TX: 2-pair UTP Cat. 5; EIA/TIA-568 100-ohm STP
19
Physical and Environmental
AC inputs
100 to 240 VAC, 50 or 60 Hz internal universal power supply
Power
Consumption
20 watts. (Max.)
Temperature
Operating: 0? ~ 50? C, Storage: -10? ~ 70? C
Humidity
Operating: 10% ~ 90%, Storage: 5% ~ 90%
Dimensions
440 x 140 x 44 mm (W x H x D)
EMI:
FCC Class A, CE Mark Class A, VCCI Class A
Safety:
UL, TUV
Performance
Transmits
Method:
Store-and-forward
RAM Buffer:
512KBytes per device
Filtering
Address Table:
16K entries per device
Packet
Filtering/Forwar
ding Rate:
10Mbps Ethernet: 14,880/pps
100Mbps Fast Ethernet: 148,800/pps
MAC Address
Learning:
Automatic update
QoS Method:
Port basis, 802.1Q VLAN Tag, IP Header
Trunking:
2 trunking groups, bandwidth up to 800Mbps per trunking group
20
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