Unvented Packages
Unvented Packages
Contents
• UNVENTED HOT WATER SYSTEMS
1
• SYSTEM SCHEMATICS
2
• PACKAGED EQUIPMENT
3
• UNVENTED PACKAGES
4
• DESIGNING UNVENTED SYSTEMS
• CONVERSION FACTORS
• EXPANSION VESSEL SELECTION TABLES
5-7
8
9-10
• EXPANSION VESSELS
11-12
• ACCESSORIES
13-14
• UNVENTED PACKAGE SPECIFICATION
14
Unvented Hot Water Systems
UNVENTED HOT WATER SYSTEMS HAVE BECOME EXTREMELY POPULAR FOR BUILDING APPLICATIONS. WITH ALL THE MANDATORY
REQUIREMENTS ADDRESSED, UNVENTED SYSTEMS PROVIDE A HIGHLY EFFICIENT MEANS OF STORING AND DISTRIBUTING WATER.
THE MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS FOR UNVENTED SYSTEMS CAN BE FOUND IN THE BUILDING REGULATIONS SECTION 3 AND 4 OF G3
(1991 – SECOND IMPRESSION 1992).
Unvented systems have been divided into two categories labelled
Rycroft have vast experience in the design and manufacture
as sections 3 and 4 of the G3 building regulations.
of unvented systems. The sizing tables from pages 9 and 10 can
• Section 3 – Systems up to 500 litres and 45 kW.
be used to select the ‘best fit’ expansion vessel. The highlighted
• Section 4 – Systems over 500 litres or over 45 kW.
figures in the table indicate the recommended size, however,
Section 4 Systems should comply with the requirements of
alternative sizes have been shown with the corresponding change
BS 6700:1987 (Specification for the design, installation, testing
in the final working pressure. It should be remembered that it is
and maintenance of services supplying water for domestic use
frequently more economical to increase the size of the expansion
within buildings and their curtilages). BS 6700:1997 Section
vessel rather than the design pressure of the calorifier. The figures
2.3.9.3.1. calls for calorifiers to conform with BS 853.
in the tables have been calculated using the formulae illustrated in
It is vitally important that the safety requirements of BS 6700 are
the worked examples.
met. Calorifiers must be fitted with the appropriate number of
temperature pressure relief valves. G3 regulations require the
safety devices to comply with BS 6283:1991 Part 2 or Part 3.
1
Note
MOST RELIEF VALVE CAPACITY CHARTS REFER TO BS 6759. REFERENCE TO
The discharge ratings must be measured in accordance with
THE VALVE MANUFACTURER MUST BE MADE TO ENSURE RATINGS TO
BS 6281:1991 Part 2 App. F or Part 3 App. G.
BS 6283 ARE USED.
HEATING THE WORLD'S WATER
System Schematics
Non-storage Calorifier fitted in
a typical unvented LTHW system
SUPPLY
KEY
A Calorifier Relief Valve
B Secondary Circulation Pump
C U-Tube Battery
D High Limit Stat.
E Control Stat.
F Load
G Expansion Vessel
H Expansion Relief Valve
PRESSURISATION SET
LOCK
SHIELD
VALVE
If required, a
separate high
limit valve can
be supplied.
PRIMARY FLOW
AND RETURN
CALORIFIER
INITIAL FILL
CONNECTION
COMMISIONING VALVE
Storage Calorifier fitted in a
typical unvented DHW system
SUPPLY
STRAINER
BOOSTER SET
KEY
A Calorifier P/T Relief Valve
B Secondary Circulation Pump
C Calorifier U-Tube Battery
D High Limit Stat.
E Control Stat.
F Draw Off Points
G Expansion Vessel
H Expansion Relief Valve
It is crucial that the maximum cold fill pressure of
the booster set is used when sizing an expansion
vessel. Some booster sets rely upon a pressure
LOCK
SHIELD
VALVE
reducing valve to limit the outlet pressure, however,
some units do not. Such booster sets can create
STORAGE
CALORIFIER
cold feed pressures equal to the closed head
pressure of the pumps under certain conditions.
HEATING THE WORLD'S WATER
2
Packaged Equipment
RYCROFT CAN OFFER A COMPLETE UNVENTED PACKAGED SYSTEM. THESE MODULES ENSURE ALL THE RELEVANT DESIGN PARAMETERS
HAVE BEEN MET AND THAT THE EXPANSION VESSEL SELECTION IS APPROPRIATE. PROCURING AN UNVENTED PACKAGE OFFERS THE
FOLLOWING ADVANTAGES:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
3
Complete system design, fabrication and testing
Rycroft have a multi-disciplined design team with extensive
Reduced site labour
experience in the field of unvented packages. Mechanical, thermal
Greatly simplified installation
and electrical design issues are all addressed in our engineering
Factory commissioned reliability
department based in Bradford. All the main items including
Minimum maintenance requirements
the electric control panels are manufactured by R ycroft
Maximum economy of operation
ensuring compatibility of all components. With full accreditation
Minimum plantroom space requirements
to BS EN ISO 9001 clients can be assured of a quality package.
HEATING THE WORLD'S WATER
Unvented Packages
Sizes and Dimensions
H
W
L
Front Elevation
Plan View
Diagram illustrates a vertical module. For horizontal type calorifiers please refer to the appropriate table. Connections and vessel orientation
can be changed to suit specific plant room layouts.
Vertical Calorifiers
Calorifier
Max. Expansion
Volume
Vessel Size
440
550
700
800
900
1000
1200
1350
1500
1800
2000
2300
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
6000
7000
8000
9000
10000
200
300
300
500
500
500
500
750
750
750
750
750
1000
1000
1000
1000
1500
1500
1500
2000
2000
2000
3000
Module
UNVM 440
UNVM 550
UNVM 700
UNVM 800
UNVM 900
UNVM 1000
UNVM 1200
UNVM 1350
UNVM 1500
UNVM 1800
UNVM 2000
UNVM 2300
UNVM 2500
UNVM 3000
UNVM 3500
UNVM 4000
UNVM 4500
UNVM 5000
UNVM 6000
UNVM 7000
UNVM 8000
UNVM 9000
UNVM 10000
Horizontal Calorifiers
Dim.
Dim.
Dim.
L
W
H
1700
1900
2000
2100
2150
2200
2250
2400
2550
2550
2550
2650
2700
2700
2850
2850
3100
3200
3200
3600
3600
3600
3700
950
1050
1150
1250
1300
1350
1400
1450
1600
1600
1600
1700
1800
1800
1950
1950
2150
2250
2250
2650
2650
2650
2750
2150
2050
2100
2300
2350
2300
2450
2700
2300
2650
2850
2750
2800
3150
2950
3400
3750
3550
4150
3650
4050
4550
4950
Module
UNHM 440
UNHM 550
UNHM 700
UNHM 800
UNHM 900
UNHM 1000
UNHM 1200
UNHM 1350
UNHM 1500
UNHM 1800
UNHM 2000
UNHM 2300
UNHM 2500
UNHM 3000
UNHM 3500
UNHM 4000
UNHM 4500
UNHM 5000
UNHM 6000
UNHM 7000
UNHM 8000
UNHM 9000
UNHM 10000
Dim.
Dim.
Dim.
L
W
H
3200
3150
3250
3550
3600
3550
3700
4000
3700
3950
4150
4050
4200
4550
4350
4800
5400
5200
5800
5400
5800
6300
6750
950
1050
1150
1250
1300
1300
1350
1400
1550
1550
1550
1650
1800
1800
1950
1950
2200
2300
2300
2800
2800
2800
2900
1300
1400
1400
1750
1750
1750
1750
1950
1950
1950
1950
1950
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2700
2700
2700
3100
HEATING THE WORLD'S WATER
4
Designing Unvented Systems
THE FOLLOWING WORKED EXAMPLE OUTLINES THE BASIC STEPS IN UNVENTED SYSTEM DESIGN. THE SIZING TABLES FROM PAGES
9 AND 10 CAN BE USED FOR DOMESTIC HOT WATER SYSTEMS HEATING WATER TO 60-65°C ONLY. FOR OTHER CONDITIONS AND
CAPACITIES THE EXAMPLES CAN BE FOLLOWED.
Example – Unvented Domestic Hot Water
We are required to size the expansion vessel for an unvented hot water with a contents of 1200 litres.
The minimum inlet temperature is 10°C with a required temperature of 65°C (1000 litre calorifier + 200 litre system volume). The booster pump
set supplies water at a maximum pressure of 3 Bar g. The maximum working pressure must not exceed 3.55 Bar g.
STEP 1: Calculate the compression ratio R
R=
STEP 3: Calculate the required expansion
vessel size Expvel
(Final working pressure Bar g + 1)
(Max. cold feed pressure Bar g + 1)
Evol
Expvel =
(1 - 1/R)
R=
(3.55 + 1)
Expvel =
(3.0 + 1)
R = 1.138
24
(1 - 1/1.138)
Expvel = 197.9 litre
The compression ratio must not exceed
a value of 2.
Therefore a 200 litre expansion vessel is required.
STEP 2: Calculate the expansion volume Evol
STEP 4: Calculate the required storage
calorifier design pressure.
Evol = System volume in litres x the expansion factor.
The design pressure must be the greater of:
The expansion factor can be taken from Table 1.
From the table it can be seen that the expansion
factor for 65°C is = .02
i. The maximum working pressure + .5 Bar
(BS 6700 2.4.3 and 2.4.2.4)
ii. The maximum working pressure Bar g x 1.1
(BS 853 10.2.1.4)
Evol = 1200 x .02
Therefore the design pressure = 3.55 + .5 = 4.05 Bar g
Evol = 24 litre
alternatively = 3.55 x 1.1 = 3.91 Bar g
The domestic hot water design pressure = the safety valve
set pressure (BS 853 10.2.1.4). (Storage calorifiers only.)
Table 1
Water expansion curve
0.09
0.08
EXPANSION FACTOR
0.07
0.06
0.05
0.04
0.03
0.02
0.01
0.00
0
20
40
60
80
100
Maximum Temperature ˚C
5
HEATING THE WORLD'S WATER
120
140
Designing Unvented Systems
THE FOLLOWING WORKED EXAMPLE OUTLINES THE BASIC STEPS IN DESIGNING A LTHW UNVENTED SYSTEM. SYSTEMS OPERATING BELOW
85°C POSE NO RISK FROM FLASH OVER.
Example – LTHW Primary Hot Water Service
We are required to size the expansion vessel for a primary hot water system running at 82°C. The system volume is 5000 litre. The system has
an allowable maximum working pressure of 5 Bar g and the pressurisation unit is set at 4 Bar g. At 82°C the system offers no threat of
achieving flash over conditions.
STEP 1: Calculate the compression ratio R
R=
(Final working pressure Bar g + 1)
STEP 3: Calculate the required expansion
vessel size Expvel
(Max. cold feed pressure Bar g + 1)
R=
(5 + 1)
Expvel =
Evol
(1 - 1/R)
(4 + 1)
R = 1.2
The compression ratio must not exceed a
value of 2.
Expvel =
150
(1 - 1/1.2)
Expvel = 900 litres
STEP 2: Calculate the expansion volume Evol
Evol = System volume in litres x the expansion factor.
Therefore a 1000 litre expansion vessel is required.
A smaller expansion vessel could be used by decreasing the
Evol = 5000 x .03
From Table 1 it can be seen that the expansion factor
for 82°C is = 0.03
pressurisation set pressure from 4 to 3 Bar g. Under these
Evol = 150 litre
pressure to ensure that the pump NPSH requirements are met.
conditions R = 1.5 and the expansion vessel volume = 500
litre. Care must be taken when reducing the operating
HEATING THE WORLD'S WATER
6
Designing Unvented Systems
THE FOLLOWING WORKED EXAMPLE OUTLINES THE BASIC STEPS FOR DESIGNING AN UNVENTED SYSTEM OPERATING AT TEMPERATURES
IN EXCESS OF 100°C. CARE MUST BE TAKEN TO ENSURE CORRECT APPLICATION OF THE VAPOUR PRESSURE FACTOR.
Rycroft expansion vessels fitted with EPDM replaceable
bags are limited to a maximum working temperature of
STEP 3: Calculate the expansion volume Evol
100°C. Frequently primary systems run at temperatures greater
Evol = System volume in litres x the expansion factor.
than this value. In order to prevent premature failure
The expansion factor can be taken from Table 1.
intermediate buffer vessels are connected between the system
From the table it can be seen that the expansion factor for
and expansion vessel. In this manner the incoming water
145°C is = 0.085.
supplied to the expansion vessel can be kept below 100°C.
Evol = 1600 x .085
Evol = 136 litre
Example – MTHW Primary Hot Water Service
We are required to size the expansion vessel for a primary hot
water system running at 145°C. The system volume is 1600 litre.
The system has an allowable maximum working pressure of
10.8 Bar g.
STEP 4: Calculate the required expansion
vessel size Expvel
Expvel =
Evol
(1 - 1/R)
136
Expvel =
STEP 1: Calculate the minimum working
pressure Pmin
The minimum working pressure must be calculated from the
(1 - 1/1.45)
Expvel = 438.2 litres
Therefore a 500 litre expansion vessel is required.
section of the system which experiences the lowest pressure.
Due to the high water temperature an intermediate buffer
For this example we will assume a static head of 20m. In order
vessel is required between the system and expansion vessel.
to prevent flash over the following procedure must be
The volume of this intermediate vessel must be greater than
followed.
the expansion volume of 136 litre.
1.1
Add 15°C to the maximum working temperature.
ie 145 + 15 = 160°C.
Table 2
1.2
ie 5.17 Bar g.
1.3
Vapour pressure – vp
Select the appropriate vapour pressure from Table 2.
Add the static pressure of the system to the vapour
pressure selected in 1.2.
= 5.17 +
20
10.2
= 7.13 Bar g.
STEP 2: Calculate the compression ratio R
R=
(Final working pressure Bar g + 1)
(Max. cold feed pressure Bar g + 1)
R=
(10.8 + 1)
Temp °C
vp – bar
100
105
0
0.20
100
115
0.43
0.68
120
125
0.98
1.31
130
135
1.69
2.12
140
145
2.60
3.15
150
155
3.75
4.43
160
165
5.17
6.00
170
175
6.91
7.92
180
9.01
(7.13 + 1)
R = 1.45
The compression ratio must not exceed a
value of 2.
7
HEATING THE WORLD'S WATER
Conversion Factors
Area
Length
=
0.01
=
1000 mm
1 kW
=
1000 J/s
1 cm2
=
0.155 in2
=
3.28 ft
1 kWh
=
1 kW for 1 hour
1 m2
=
10000 cm2
=
1.0936 yd
1
in2
cm2
Energy
1mm2
ft2
=
10.76
=
1.196 yd2
=
cm2
6.452
1m
1 inch
1 yd
645.2 mm2
1 ft2
1 yd2
=
144 in2
=
929 cm2
=
0.0929 m2
=
9 ft2
=
0.8361 m2
1 tonne
Pressure
1 Bar
1 kPa
1 psi
=
100 kPa
=
100 kN/m2
=
14.5 psi
=
0.01 Bar
=
0.145 psi
=
0.06895 Bar
=
6.895 kPa
=
6.895 kN/m2
=
0.08333 ft
=
860 kcal
=
25.4 mm
=
3412 BTU
=
3 ft
=
0.9144 m
1 kJ
1 kcal
Weight
1 kg
1 lb
1 ton
(3600 seconds)
=
0.2388 kcal
=
0.952 BTU
=
energy required to raise 1 kg
of water through 1 deg. C.
=
1000 g
=
2.204 lb
=
1000 kg
=
0.984 ton
Volume
=
2204 lb
1 litre
=
16 oz
=
0.454 kg
=
2240 lb
3
1m
1 gal (UK)
=
4187 J
=
3.97 BTU
=
1000 ml
=
0.22 gal (UK)
=
1 kg water
=
1000 litres
=
220 gal (UK)
=
4.546 litres
Duty Equation
Power equation for water = litres per second x temp rise °C x 4.187 = kW
Alternatively
Capacity litres
Recovery time in seconds
(
)
x temp rise °C x 4.187 = kW
HEATING THE WORLD'S WATER
8
528 litre System
440 l Calorifier +20% System Allowance
Volume
Inlet Pressure
Bar g
24
0.5
1.68
0.75
1
1.25
1.5
1.75
2
2.25
2.5
2.75
3
3.25
3.5
3.75
4
4.25
4.5
4.75
5
5.25
5.5
5.75
6
6.25
6.5
6.75
7
7.5
8
8.5
9
9.5
10
35
1.15
1.51
1.86
2.22
2.58
50
.9
1.22
1.54
1.85
2.17
2.49
2.80
3.12
3.44
60
.82
1.12
1.43
1.73
2.03
2.34
2.64
2.94
3.25
3.55
3.85
4.16
4.46
4.76
5.07
5.37
5.67
5.98
6.28
80
.73
1.02
1.3
1.59
1.88
2.17
2.46
2.74
3.03
3.32
3.61
3.9
4.18
4.47
4.76
5.05
5.34
5.62
5.91
6.2
6.49
6.78
7.06
7.35
7.64
7.93
8.22
Expansion Vessel Size
100
150
.96
1.24
1.52
1.8
2.07
2.35
2.63
2.91
3.19
3.47
3.75
4.03
4.31
4.59
4.87
5.15
5.43
5.71
5.99
6.27
6.55
6.83
7.11
7.39
7.67
7.94
8.5
9.06
9.96
10.18
10.74
11.3
1.96
2.23
2.5
2.77
3.03
3.3
3.57
3.84
4.11
4.38
4.65
4.92
5.19
5.45
5.72
5.99
6.26
6.53
6.8
7.07
7.34
7.61
8.14
8.68
9.54
9.76
10.3
10.83
9
500
These expansion vessel selection tables provide
a visual representation of the effect that the
5.48
5.74
6.0
6.26
6.51
6.77
7.03
7.29
7.81
8.33
9.16
9.36
9.88
10.4
expansion vessel volume has on the final working
pressure of the system.
The selection tables can be used as follows.
7.68
8.19
9.01
9.22
9.73
10.24
A 700 litre calorifier is required to have an initial
cold fill pressure of 5 Bar g.
From the 700 litre calorifier table a horizontal
line should be drawn across the page from the
5 Bar g inlet pressure. The intercepted columns
50
1.04
1.38
1.72
2.06
2.4
2.74
3.08
3.42
3.76
60
.92
1.24
1.56
1.88
2.21
2.53
2.85
3.17
3.49
3.81
4.13
4.45
4.77
5.09
80
.8
1.1
1.4
1.69
1.99
2.29
2.59
2.89
3.19
3.49
3.79
4.09
4.39
4.69
4.99
5.29
5.59
5.89
6.19
6.49
6.78
7.05
7.38
7.68
100
1.02
1.3
1.59
1.88
2.17
2.46
2.74
3.03
3.32
3.61
3.9
4.18
4.47
4.76
5.05
5.34
5.62
5.91
6.2
6.49
6.78
7.06
7.35
7.64
7.93
8.22
8.79
9.37
Expansion Vessel Size
150
200
50
1.26
1.64
2.01
2.39
2.77
60
1.08
1.43
1.78
2.13
2.47
2.82
3.17
3.51
3.86
4.21
HEATING THE WORLD'S WATER
80
.9
1.22
1.53
1.85
2.16
2.48
2.8
3.11
3.43
3.75
4.06
4.38
4.7
5.01
5.33
5.65
5.96
100
.8
1.1
1.4
1.7
2
2.31
2.61
2.91
3.21
3.51
3.81
4.11
4.41
4.71
5.01
5.31
5.61
5.91
6.21
6.51
6.81
7.11
7.41
7.71
300
500
750
are actual final working pressures achieved
utilising the expansion vessel sizes listed at the
1.74
2.02
2.29
2.56
2.84
3.11
3.39
3.66
3.93
4.21
4.48
4.76
5.03
5.3
5.58
5.85
6.13
6.4
6.68
6.95
7.22
7.5
7.77
8.32
8.87
9.75
9.96
10.51
11.06
700 l Calorifier +20% System Allowance
Volume
Inlet Pressure
Bar g
35
0.5
1.88
0.75
1
1.25
1.5
1.75
2
2.25
2.5
2.75
3
3.25
3.5
3.75
4
4.25
4.5
4.75
5
5.25
5.5
5.75
6
6.25
6.5
6.75
7
7.5
8
8.5
9
9.5
10
2.96
3.22
3.49
3.75
4.01
4.28
4.54
4.81
5.07
5.33
5.6
5.86
6.13
6.39
6.65
6.92
7.18
7.45
7.97
8.5
9.35
9.56
10.09
10.61
300
660 litre System
550 l Calorifier +20% System Allowance
Volume
Inlet Pressure
Bar g
35
0.5
1.41
0.75
1.81
1
2.21
1.25
2.61
1.5
1.75
2
2.25
2.5
2.75
3
3.25
3.5
3.75
4
4.25
4.5
4.75
5
5.25
5.5
5.75
6
6.25
6.5
6.75
7
7.5
8
8.5
9
9.5
10
200
Expansion
Vessel
Selection
Tables
top of each column.
For the example given it can be seen that the use
of a 200 litre expansion vessel would result in a
3.01
3.28
3.55
3.82
4.09
4.35
4.62
4.89
5.16
5.42
5.69
5.96
6.23
6.49
6.76
7.03
7.3
7.57
8.1
8.64
9.49
9.71
10.24
10.78
final working pressure of 5.55 Bar g.
4.23
4.49
4.75
5.01
5.28
5.54
5.8
6.06
6.32
6.58
6.85
7.11
7.37
7.89
8.41
9.25
9.46
9.98
10.51
recommended expansion vessel size.
A 100 litre expansion vessel however, would
6.7
6.96
7.22
7.73
8.24
8.76
9.27
9.78
10.3
result in a final working pressure of 6.21 bar g.
The higher pressure would require a 12%
8.6
9.13
9.64
10.15
840 litre System
Expansion Vessel Size
150
200
.97
1.25
1.53
1.82
2.1
2.38
2.66
2.94
3.22
3.5
3.79
4.07
4.35
4.63
4.91
5.19
5.48
5.76
6.04
6.32
6.6
6.88
7.16
7.45
7.73
8.01
8.57
9.14
9.7
10.26
10.8
11.39
The highlighted column represents the
300
500
750
increase in the thickness of the copper shell.
It is frequently more economic to increase the
size of the expansion vessel rather than increasing
the final working pressure. This is especially true
for high pressure systems where a greater final
working pressure can result in a considerably
thicker copper shell.
2
2.28
2.55
2.82
3.09
3.37
3.64
3.91
4.19
4.46
4.73
5
5.28
5.55
5.82
6.1
6.37
6.64
6.91
7.19
7.46
7.73
8.28
8.83
9.37
9.92
10.46
11.01
3.24
3.5
3.77
4.03
4.3
4.56
4.83
5.09
5.36
5.62
5.89
6.15
6.42
6.68
6.94
7.21
7.47
8
8.53
9.06
9.59
10.12
10.65
Note
These tables allow for a 20% system volume. It is
4.95
5.21
5.47
5.73
5.98
6.24
6.5
6.76
7.02
7.28
7.8
8.31
8.83
9.35
9.87
10.38
essential to check the actual system volume to
ensure the assumptions made are appropriate.
The tables on page 10 can be referred to for
6.67
6.93
7.18
7.69
8.21
8.72
9.23
9.74
10.25
calculating the system pipe volume.
960 litre System
800 l Calorifier +20% System Allowance
Volume
Inlet Pressure
Bar g
50
0.5
1.44
0.75
1
1.25
1.5
1.75
2
2.25
2.5
2.75
3
3.25
3.5
3.75
4
4.25
4.5
4.75
5
5.25
5.5
5.75
6
6.25
6.5
6.75
7
7.5
8
8.5
9
9.5
10
60
1.21
1.57
1.94
2.31
2.68
3.04
80
.97
1.3
1.63
1.96
2.29
2.62
2.95
3.28
3.61
3.93
4.26
4.59
4.92
5.25
100
.86
1.17
1.48
1.78
2.09
2.4
2.71
3.02
3.33
3.64
3.95
4.26
4.57
4.88
5.19
5.5
5.81
6.12
6.43
6.74
7.04
150
.72
1.01
1.29
1.58
1.87
2.15
2.44
2.73
3.01
3.3
3.59
3.87
4.16
4.45
4.73
5.02
5.31
5.59
5.88
6.17
6.45
6.74
7.03
7.31
7.6
7.89
8.17
8.75
9.32
9.89
10.47
Expansion Vessel Size
200
300
.94
1.21
1.49
1.77
2.04
2.32
2.6
2.87
3.15
3.42
3.7
3.98
4.25
4.53
4.81
5.08
5.36
5.64
5.91
6.19
6.47
6.74
7.02
7.3
7.57
7.85
8.4
8.96
9.51
10.06
10.62
11.17
900 l Calorifier +20% System Allowance
Volume
Inlet Pressure
Bar g
60
0.5
1.34
0.75
1.73
1
2.13
1.25
2.52
1.5
2.91
1.75
2
2.25
2.5
2.75
3
3.25
3.5
3.75
4
4.25
4.5
4.75
5
5.25
5.5
5.75
6
6.25
6.5
6.75
7
7.5
8
8.5
9
9.5
10
80
1.05
1.4
1.74
2.08
2.42
2.77
3.11
3.45
3.79
4.14
4.48
100
.91
1.23
1.55
1.87
2.19
2.51
2.83
3.15
3.46
3.78
4.1
4.42
4.74
5.06
5.38
5.7
6.02
6.33
150
.75
1.04
1.34
1.63
1.92
2.21
2.5
2.8
3.09
3.38
3.67
3.96
4.26
4.55
4.84
5.13
5.43
5.72
6.01
6.3
6.59
6.89
7.18
7.47
7.76
8.05
8.35
8.93
9.51
200
.68
.96
1.24
1.52
1.8
2.08
2.36
2.64
2.92
3.2
3.48
3.76
4.04
4.33
4.61
4.89
5.17
5.45
5.73
6.01
6.29
6.57
6.85
7.13
7.41
7.69
7.97
8.53
9.09
9.65
10.21
10.77
11.33
80
1.14
1.5
1.86
2.21
2.57
2.93
3.29
3.64
4
4.36
100
.97
1.3
1.63
1.96
2.29
2.62
2.95
3.28
3.61
3.93
4.26
4.59
4.92
5.25
5.58
150
.79
1.08
1.38
1.68
1.98
2.27
2.57
2.87
3.17
3.46
3.76
4.06
4.36
4.65
4.95
5.25
5.55
5.85
6.14
6.44
6.74
7.04
7.33
7.63
7.93
8.23
8.52
200
.7
.99
1.27
1.56
1.84
2.13
2.41
2.69
2.98
3.26
3.55
3.83
4.11
4.4
4.68
4.97
5.25
5.53
5.82
6.1
6.39
6.67
6.95
7.24
7.52
7.81
8.09
8.66
9.23
9.8
10.36
10.93
11.5
750
1000
Pipe Volumes
Pipe volumes in litres per metre for
2.21
2.47
2.74
3.01
3.27
3.54
3.81
4.07
4.34
4.61
4.88
5.14
5.41
5.68
5.94
6.21
6.48
6.75
7.01
7.28
7.55
8.08
8.62
9.15
9.68
10.22
10.75
Table X copper tube
4.2
4.46
4.72
4.98
5.24
5.5
5.76
6.02
6.28
6.54
6.8
7.06
7.32
7.84
8.36
8.88
9.4
9.92
10.44
5.93
6.18
6.44
6.70
6.95
7.21
7.72
8.24
8.75
9.26
9.78
10.29
9.64
10.14
1080 litre System
Expansion Vessel Size
300
500
750
1000
Nom dia. mm
Volume
litres per metre
22
0.322
28
0.542
35
0.839
42
1.236
54
2.098
67
3.289
76.1
4.221
108
8.704
133
13.381
159
18.998
1500
Pipe volumes in litres per metre for
1.96
2.23
2.5
2.77
3.04
3.31
3.58
3.85
4.12
4.39
4.66
4.93
5.2
5.47
5.73
6
6.27
6.54
6.81
7.08
7.35
7.62
8.16
8.7
9.24
9.78
10.31
10.85
1000 l Calorifier +20% System Allowance
Volume
Inlet Pressure
Bar g
60
0.5
1.5
0.75
1.92
1
2.33
1.25
2.75
1.5
1.75
2
2.25
2.5
2.75
3
3.25
3.5
3.75
4
4.25
4.5
4.75
5
5.25
5.5
5.75
6
6.25
6.5
6.75
7
7.5
8
8.5
9
9.5
10
500
steel tube to BS1387 medium
3.44
3.7
3.96
4.23
4.49
4.75
5.01
5.27
5.53
5.79
6.05
6.32
6.58
6.84
7.1
7.36
7.88
8.41
8.93
9.45
9.97
10.5
8.71
9.22
9.73
10.24
1200 litre System
Expansion Vessel Size
300
500
1.72
1.99
2.26
2.53
2.8
3.08
3.35
3.62
3.89
4.16
4.43
4.71
4.98
5.25
5.52
5.79
6.07
6.34
6.61
6.88
7.15
7.42
7.7
8.24
8.78
9.33
9.87
10.41
10.96
5.18
5.44
5.69
5.95
6.21
6.46
6.72
6.98
7.24
7.75
8.27
8.78
9.3
9.81
10.33
3.2
3.46
3.73
3.99
4.25
4.51
4.78
5.04
5.3
5.57
5.83
6.09
6.35
6.62
6.88
7.14
7.4
7.93
8.45
8.98
9.5
10.03
10.55
750
1000
4.42
4.68
4.94
5.2
5.46
5.71
5.97
6.23
6.49
6.75
7.01
7.26
7.78
8.3
8.81
9.33
9.85
10.36
7.71
8.22
8.73
9.25
9.76
10.27
1500
Nom dia. mm
Volume
litres per metre
15
0.196
20
0.356
25
0.569
32
0.996
40
1.353
50
2.166
65
3.644
80
5.028
100
8.547
125
13.075
150
18.731
HEATING THE WORLD'S WATER
10
Expansion Vessels
Application
When water is heated it expands. For example the change in
volume from 5°C to 65°C is 2%. This may appear small but since
water is almost incompressible it is essential that provision is made
Designation
EXP
150
V
Model
Capacity
H = Horizontal
V = Vertical
P = Pipeline mounted
for expansion to avoid extremely high pressures. Correctly
installed hot water systems are fitted with a relief valve to limit the
maximum pressure. However, this is a safety device which is not
intended to operate frequently as a pressure controller. Apart from
Technical Specification
the loss of water which would appear with each expansion cycle
• Temperature range to 100°C
the valve may wear and begin to leak continuously.
• Interchangeable EPDM membrane
Hot water circuits which have an open vent normally discharge
• Maximum of 8 or 10 bar system pressure
the expansion volume back into the make up tank. When the
• Suitable for hot and cold water, glycol mixtures, de-mineralised
pressure is too high for an open vent or the water is above 85°C
the circuit is sealed and an enclosed space is necessary to
• Vertical, horizontal and pipeline mounted models
accommodate the expansion.
• WRC approved
Sometimes an air pocket is provided in the top of a vessel for this
• Water totally isolated from tank avoiding dangerous corrosion.
purpose but unless the air is replenished regularly it can be
absorbed by the water and the buffer volume will disappear.
The Rycroft expansion vessel uses an air pocket but there is a
rubber bag which separates the air from the water and so avoids
absorption. The rubber bag also acts as a barrier between the
water and the interior surface of the expansion vessel. This
prevents corrosion and contamination of the water.
11
and de-ionised water
HEATING THE WORLD'S WATER
120˚
D
70
D
Ø
R
120˚
Mounting
feet on
V models
D
H1 H
H
H
B
Hp
EXP 3P to EXP 35P
Hp
EXP 50V to EXP 1500V
Y
EXP 2000V to EXP 3000V
Dimensions for Vertical and Pipeline Mounted Models
Model
EXP 3 P
EXP 5 P
EXP 8 P
EXP 12 P
EXP 16 P
EXP 18 P
EXP 24 P
EXP 35 P
EXP 50 V
EXP 60 V
EXP 80 V
EXP 100 V
EXP 150 V
EXP 200 V
EXP 300 V
EXP 500 V
EXP 750 V
EXP 1000 V
EXP 1500 V
EXP 2000 V
EXP 3000 V
Capacity
(litres)
Diameter
D
(mm)
3
5
8
12
16
18
24
35
50
60
80
100
150
200
300
500
750
1000
1500
2000
3000
170
170
220
265
265
265
265
380
380
380
460
460
510
590
650
750
800
800
1000
1100
1200
Height
H
(mm)
240
280
310
315
340
375
490
590
740
830
760
880
1030
1070
1250
1600
1785
2100
2100
1550
2950
H1
Y
HP
R
Dia
Connection
(mm)
(mm)
(mm)
(mm)
(mm)
12.5
12.5
12.5
12.5
12.5
12.5
12.5
14
14
14
14
14
14
555
635
600
720
870
885
1085
1360
1520
1820
1850
2170
2615
200
200
140
140
140
140
140
140
140
240
265
280
250
335
335
153
153
195
195
220
220
220
325
350
350
450
940
500
Weight
(BSPM)
Maximum
Working
Pressure
3/4”
3/4”
3/4”
3/4”
3/4”
3/4”
1”
1”
1”
1”
1”
1”
1.1/4”
1.1/4”
1.1/4”
1.1/4”
2”
2.1/2”
2.1/2”
DN65 PN16
DN65 PN16
8 BAR
8 BAR
8 BAR
8 BAR
8 BAR
8 BAR
10 BAR
10 BAR
10 BAR
10 BAR
10 BAR
10 BAR
10 BAR
10 BAR
10 BAR
10 BAR
10 BAR
10 BAR
10 BAR
10 BAR
10 BAR
1.3
1.4
1.8
2.4
3.0
3.2
3.6
7.0
10.3
11.3
14.0
17.6
24.7
27.4
43.8
81.1
157.0
187.0
241.0
301.0
400.0
(kg)
Checklist
Rycroft will be pleased to select the correct size and pressure rating for all applications of their expansion vessels. The following information is
required for an accurate assessment to be made.
• Cold feed pressure of a domestic hot water service or the static head of a primary hot water system.
• Maximum working temperature – design pressure of the system.
• Circulating pump head – volume of the system.
• Any additive to the water such as glycol and the percentage mixture.
Much of this information will already be available if Rycroft are supplying the calorifiers or water heaters.
HEATING THE WORLD'S WATER
12
Accessories
Pressure Temperature Relief Valve
Expansion Relief Valve
Unvented calorifiers must be fitted with a Temperature Pressure Relief
Valve to protect the system from excess temperature. The valve is
tested to comply with BS 6283. The pressure and temperature
elements of the valve operate independently providing dual safety
protection in one valve. Temperature protection is provided by wax
capsule thermostat set at 95°C. All the valve wetted parts are
manufactured from de-zincification resistant materials, approved by
Water Research Centre for use in potable water systems.
The valve discharge must be unrestricted and piped to safe area.
A 20mm expansion relief valve must be fitted to the incoming cold
water supply. Isolation valves must not be fitted between this valve
and the calorifier.
This valve protects the system from overpressure due to failure of the
expansion vessel, ie loss of vessel air charge, damaged bladder.
Anti-vacuum Valve
Copper lined vessels must be protected against partial vacuum so all
Rycroft copper lined calorifiers are fitted with a disc type anti vacuum
valves as standard.
Bursting Discs
On indirect systems where a fluid primary working pressure exceeds
the secondary design pressure a bursting disc must be fitted to the
calorifier. It is extremely important that the discharge from the bursting
disc is unrestricted and piped to a safe area.
When using BS 853 as code of design, bursting discs are not required
when the primary is steam.
Anodes
Sacrificial anodes can be supplied to counteract certain adverse water
properties. Magnesium anodes help to protect galvanised cylinders
whilst the initial deposit of scale forms on the shell. The combination
of copper pipework and galvanised cylinders should be avoided. The
life of the magnesium anode depends on the quality of the water and
regular checks should be made to establish a service period.
Aluminium anodes can be fitted to copper cylinders to give lasting
protection. This is only necessary for fresh water supplies which are
known to prevent the formation of the natural protective oxide film.
Aluminium anodes do not require replacement and are maintenance free.
13
HEATING THE WORLD'S WATER
Expansion Vessel
All unvented systems must be fitted with devices to accommodate the
expansion of water during the heating cycle. Rycroft offer an extensive
range of expansion vessels fitted with replaceable EPDM bags. All
Rycroft expansion vessels are WRc approved.
Control Devices
Direct electric systems are fitted with control thermostats wired to
control panel. All other systems can be fitted with direct acting,
electric or pneumatic control valves depending on the installation or
clients specified choice.
Insulation
Adequate thermal insulation is essential to prevent unnecessary heat
losses from storage calorifiers which may be standing for many hours
at working temperature.
Rycroft standard factory fitted type ‘M’ insulation consists of 80mm
thick fibreglass mattress compressed to 50mm thick, closely fitted to
the shell and encased in rigid galvanised mild steel sheets 1.6mm
thick.
Nominal density: 95kg/m cu.
Thermal conductivity: 0.04 W/mk
Fire protection: BS 476:Part 4:1970 class I.
Alternative insulation materials and aluminium or stainless steel
cladding are also available.
High Limit Cut Out
General Fittings
Direct electrically heated calorifiers must be fitted with an independent
high limit cut out device.
All other systems require an independent high limit thermostat directly
connected to the control device or to an independent shut off device.
Temperature gauges complete with pockets.
Pressure gauges complete with gauge cocks.
Pressure gauge syphons.
Strainers, isolating, check, drain and pressure reducing valves.
Manhole
Pressure Reducing Valves
Calorifier access conforms to the minimum requirements of BS 853
unless specifically requested.
Pressure reducing valves maintain a constant cold fill supply pressure
to the calorifier protecting it from the cyclic operation of booster set
and any overpressure as booster pumps charge accumulator vessels.
Pressure reducing valves are supplied with Water Research Centre
approval in bronze and cast iron. Pressure gauges can be supplied on
the inlet and outlet flanges for visual verification of pressure drop.
Booster Sets
Rycroft can offer a wide selection of cold water booster sets suitable
for Marine, Offshore, Commercial, Industrial and Process application.
The pump control method available are conventional pressure switches
or frequency converter control (inverter) of the motor speed. Pump
arrangements include single, dual or triple operating in duty standby
mode or duty assist.
Pump materials: Stainless Steel, Cast Iron, Bronze.
Pipework choices: Plastic ABS, Glavanised Steel, Copper, Stainless Steel.
Build Standards: Commercial, Lloyds, American Bureau of Shipping.
All sets are mounted on a purpose mild skid.
Please contact our sales department for further information.
General
All Unvented Packages are supplied on a purpose-made skid,
manufactured from BS 4630-43A carbon steel RSC and totally decked.
Standard skids are spray painted with protective black gloss. If required
the skids can be painted to customers’ specification.
Pressurisation Units
Rycroft pressurisation units are designed for pressurisation of unvented
hot water system, eg LTHW, MTHW system, to make up minor water
losses and accommodate the water thermal expension. Units are
available with single and dual pumps mounted in a fully-packaged
housing. The systems water thermal expansion is accommodated by
the expansion vessel. Alternative units are available where the water
expands into a spill tank.
Low Water Level Switch
We strongly recommend the fitting of a low water cut out device on
all electrically heated calorifiers. This prevents the risk of switching the
immersion heater on whilst the calorifier is empty.
Unvented Package Specification
Calorifiers built in accordance with BS 853 and G3 Building Regulations and in line with the following specification.
11. If a standard package is not required any of the following fittings can
1. No. of Calorifiers
(Each Unit 100%, 50% etc)
be supplied:
2. Volume of Calorifier
Litres or Fixture Count
Combined pressure/temperature relief valve.
3. Recovery Time
Hours/kW
4. Cold Feed Temperature
°C/ °F
5. Operating Temperature
°C/ °F
6. Primary Heat Medium
Steam/LTHW/MTHW/HTHW
Expansion relief valve.
Suitably sized expansion vessel
(based on Q8 and 9).
Cold Feed Isolating Valve
Electric
Cold Feed Strainer
Cold Feed Non Return Valve
Others, specify____________________________________________________
Secondary Pressure Gauge
_____________________________________________________________
Secondary Temperature Gauge
_____________________________________________________________
Secondary Drain Cock
7. How is system fed?
Mains, Tank, Boosted
8. Cold Feed Pressure
Bar g
Max. Operating Pressure Hot
Type of control required
A) Self Acting
Bar g
Calculated
Litres or Assumed
(
9. Volume of System
12. Other Options
)
10. Is a standard package required?
Yes
No
Are there space restrictions?
Yes
No
B) Electrically Actuated
C) Pneumatic
Yes
No
13. Secondary recirculation pump required? Yes
No
_____________________________________________________________
14. Legionella shunt pump required?
Yes
No
_____________________________________________________________
15. Package control panel?
Yes
No
Yes
No
If yes, details__________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
Is there a separate high limit valve?
Pre-wired?
HEATING THE WORLD'S WATER
14
SUPAPAC Plate Heat Exchangers
Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers
COMPAC Plate Heat Exchanger Packages
MAXIMISER Semi-Storage Calorifiers
Calorifiers/Cylinders
Unvented Packages
Pressurisation
Electric Water Heaters
Rycroft Process Solutions
BS EN ISO 9001
FM No 28819
Rycroft Ltd, Duncombe Road, Bradford, England BD8 9TB. Telephone: +44 (0) 1274 490911. Facsimile: +44 (0) 1274 498580
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