Ultrastar SSD800MH.B, SSD1600MM and SSD1600MR Product Manual

Ultrastar SSD800MH.B, SSD1600MM and SSD1600MR Product Manual
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B
Ultrastar SSD1600MM
Ultrastar SSD1600MR
2.5-Inch Serial-Attached SCSI (SAS)
Solid-State Drive Product Manual
Model(s):
HUSMH8080BSS200
HUSMH8080BSS201
HUSMH8080BSS204
HUSMH8080BSS205
HUSMH8040BSS200
HUSMH8040BSS201
HUSMH8040BSS204
HUSMH8040BSS205
HUSMH8020BSS200
HUSMH8020BSS201
HUSMH8020BSS204
HUSMH8020BSS205
HUSMH8010BSS200
HUSMH8010BSS201
HUSMH8010BSS204
HUSMH8010BSS205
HUSMM1616ASS200
HUSMM1616ASS201
HUSMM1616ASS204
HUSMM1616ASS205
HUSMM1680ASS200
HUSMM1680ASS201
HUSMM1680ASS204
HUSMM1680ASS205
HUSMM1640ASS200
HUSMM1640ASS201
HUSMM1640ASS204
HUSMM1640ASS205
HUSMM1620ASS200
HUSMM1620ASS201
HUSMM1620ASS204
HUSMM1620ASS205
HUSMR1616ASS200
HUSMR1616ASS201
HUSMR1616ASS204
HUSMR1616ASS205
HUSMR1610ASS200
HUSMR1610ASS201
HUSMR1610ASS204
HUSMR1610ASS205
HUSMR1680ASS200
HUSMR1680ASS201
HUSMR1680ASS204
HUSMR1680ASS205
HUSMR1650ASS200
HUSMR1650ASS201
HUSMR1650ASS204
HUSMR1650ASS205
HUSMR1640ASS200
HUSMR1640ASS201
HUSMR1640ASS204
HUSMR1640ASS205
HUSMR1625ASS200
HUSMR1625ASS201
HUSMR1625ASS204
HUSMR1625ASS205
Document Number:
Document Version:
Revision Date:
61000-08072-401
1.7
10 June 2015
Warning: Printed copies of this document are considered current only on the date of print. Replacement and disposal of downlevel versions is the responsibility of the document holder.
Edition 1.7 (Document Version: 1.7)
10 June 2015
The following paragraph does not apply to the United Kingdom or any country where such provisions
are inconsistent with local law: HGST, INC., PROVIDES THIS PUBLICATION “AS IS” WITHOUT
WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Some states do not allow disclaimer or express or implied warranties in
certain transactions, therefore, this statement may not apply to you.
This publication could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Changes are periodically
made to the information herein; these changes will be incorporated in new editions of this publication.
HGST may make improvements or changes in any products or programs described in this publication
at any time.
It is possible that this publication may contain reference to, or information about, HGST products
(machines and programs), programming, or services that are not announced in your country. Such
references or information must not be construed to mean that HGST intends to announce such HGST
products, programming, or services in your country.
Technical information about this product is available by contacting your local HGST representative or
on the Internet at http://www.hgst.com.
HGST may have patents or pending patent applications covering the subject matter in this document.
The furnishing of this document does not give you any license to these patents.
© 2015 HGST, Inc., All rights reserved.
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
ii
Table of Contents
1
General............................................................................................................................................................... 18
1.1
Introduction................................................................................................................................................ 18
1.2
Glossary ..................................................................................................................................................... 22
1.3
Caution - Electrostatic Discharge.............................................................................................................. 22
1.4
Document Conventions .............................................................................................................................. 23
1.5
Byte Ordering Conventions ........................................................................................................................ 23
2
Features ............................................................................................................................................................. 24
3
Control Electronics ........................................................................................................................................... 24
4
Drive Characteristics ........................................................................................................................................ 25
4.1
Formatted Capacity ................................................................................................................................... 25
4.2
Datasheet ................................................................................................................................................... 28
4.3
Inquiry Information .................................................................................................................................... 29
4.4
Product ID.................................................................................................................................................. 29
4.5
Performance Characteristics ..................................................................................................................... 32
4.5.1
Drive Ready Time ............................................................................................................................. 32
4.5.2
SSD Command Overhead.................................................................................................................. 32
4.5.3
SSD Response Time .......................................................................................................................... 32
4.5.4
Data Transfer Speeds ......................................................................................................................... 33
4.5.5
Random Writes Over the Life of the Drive ....................................................................................... 68
5
Data Integrity .................................................................................................................................................... 69
5.1
Equipment Status........................................................................................................................................ 69
5.2
Error Recovery Procedure ......................................................................................................................... 69
6
Electrical Interface............................................................................................................................................ 70
6.1
SAS Connector ........................................................................................................................................... 70
6.1.1
29-Pin Serial-Attached SCSI (SAS) Connector ................................................................................ 70
6.1.2
Voltage and Ground Signals .............................................................................................................. 72
6.1.3
READY LED Output ........................................................................................................................ 72
7
Environment ...................................................................................................................................................... 73
7.1
Temperature and Humidity ........................................................................................................................ 73
7.2
Storage Requirements ................................................................................................................................ 74
7.2.1
Packaging .......................................................................................................................................... 74
7.2.2
Storage Time ..................................................................................................................................... 74
7.3
Cooling Requirements ................................................................................................................................ 74
8
DC Power Requirements .................................................................................................................................. 75
8.1
Power Supply Current, Average and Peak ................................................................................................. 75
8.2
Ripple Voltage ............................................................................................................................................ 83
8.3
Power Consumption Efficiency Index ........................................................................................................ 83
8.4
Power Slew Requirements during Power Loss ........................................................................................... 83
9
Reliability ........................................................................................................................................................... 84
9.1
Data Reliability .......................................................................................................................................... 84
9.2
Data Retention ........................................................................................................................................... 84
9.3
Failure Prediction (S.M.A.R.T.) ................................................................................................................. 84
9.4
MTBF (Mean Time Between Failure) ........................................................................................................ 84
9.5
Preventive Maintenance ............................................................................................................................. 84
9.6
Temperature Warning ................................................................................................................................ 84
10 Mechanical Specifications ................................................................................................................................ 85
10.1
Outline........................................................................................................................................................ 85
10.2
Mechanical Dimensions ............................................................................................................................. 85
10.3
Weights (Grams) ........................................................................................................................................ 86
10.4
Mounting Positions and Mounting Holes ................................................................................................... 88
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
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10.5
Interface Connector ................................................................................................................................... 89
10.6
Drive Mounting .......................................................................................................................................... 89
11 Acoustics, Vibration and Shock ....................................................................................................................... 90
11.1
Acoustics .................................................................................................................................................... 90
11.2
Operating Vibration ................................................................................................................................... 90
11.2.1
Random Vibration ............................................................................................................................. 90
11.2.2
Swept Sine Vibration......................................................................................................................... 90
11.3
Non-Operating Vibration ........................................................................................................................... 90
11.3.1
Random Vibration ............................................................................................................................. 90
11.3.2
Swept Sine Vibration......................................................................................................................... 90
11.4
Operating Shock ......................................................................................................................................... 91
11.4.1
Non-Operating Shock ........................................................................................................................ 91
11.4.2
Half-Sine Wave Shock Pulse ............................................................................................................. 91
12 Label Specification ............................................................................................................................................ 92
12.1
Overview .................................................................................................................................................... 92
12.2
Manufacturer Identification ....................................................................................................................... 92
12.3
Product Identification ................................................................................................................................ 92
13 Electromagnetic Compatibility ........................................................................................................................ 93
13.1
Radiated and Conducted RF ...................................................................................................................... 93
13.2
ITE Immunity.............................................................................................................................................. 93
13.3
Power Line Harmonic Emissions ............................................................................................................... 93
13.4
Voltage Fluctuations and Flicker ............................................................................................................... 93
13.5
Immunity Specifications ............................................................................................................................. 93
13.6
Class B Regulatory Notices ........................................................................................................................ 94
13.6.1
European Union ................................................................................................................................. 94
13.6.2
Canada ............................................................................................................................................... 94
13.6.3
Germany ............................................................................................................................................ 94
13.6.4
Korea (KCC) ..................................................................................................................................... 94
13.6.5
Taiwan (BSMI).................................................................................................................................. 94
14 Standards ........................................................................................................................................................... 95
14.1
UL and C-UL Standard Conformity ........................................................................................................... 95
14.2
European Standards Compliance............................................................................................................... 95
14.3
German Safety Mark .................................................................................................................................. 95
14.4
Flammability .............................................................................................................................................. 95
15 SAS Attachment ................................................................................................................................................ 96
15.1
General ...................................................................................................................................................... 96
15.2
SAS Features .............................................................................................................................................. 97
15.2.1
Supported SAS Features .................................................................................................................... 97
15.2.2
Unsupported SAS Features ................................................................................................................ 97
15.3
SAS Names and Identifiers ......................................................................................................................... 98
15.4
PHY Layer ................................................................................................................................................ 100
15.4.1
Link Reset Sequence ....................................................................................................................... 100
15.4.2
Hard Reset ....................................................................................................................................... 101
15.4.3
SAS OOB (Out of Band) ................................................................................................................. 101
15.4.4
SAS Speed Negotiation ................................................................................................................... 102
15.4.5
PHY Error Handling ........................................................................................................................ 103
15.4.6
Power Management ......................................................................................................................... 104
15.5
Link Layer ................................................................................................................................................ 104
15.5.1
Address Frames ............................................................................................................................... 104
15.5.1.1
Identify Address Frame .......................................................................................................... 105
15.5.1.2
OPEN Address Frame ............................................................................................................. 107
15.5.2
Link Layer Error Handling .............................................................................................................. 108
15.6
Transport Layer ....................................................................................................................................... 110
15.6.1
Command Information Unit ............................................................................................................ 112
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
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15.6.2
TASK Information Units ................................................................................................................. 113
15.6.3
XFER_RDY Information Units ....................................................................................................... 115
15.6.4
DATA Information Units ................................................................................................................ 115
15.6.5
RESPONSE Information Units ....................................................................................................... 116
15.6.6
Sequences of SSP Information Units ............................................................................................... 119
15.6.7
Transport Layer Error Handling ...................................................................................................... 120
16 SCSI Command Set ........................................................................................................................................ 121
16.1
SCSI Control Byte .................................................................................................................................... 123
16.2
Abbreviations ........................................................................................................................................... 123
16.3
FORMAT UNIT (04) ................................................................................................................................ 124
16.3.1
Parameter List Header ..................................................................................................................... 125
16.4
INQUIRY (12) .......................................................................................................................................... 129
16.4.1
Inquiry Data - General ..................................................................................................................... 131
16.4.2
Inquiry Data - EVPD = 0, Page Code = 00h - Standard Inquiry Data Page .................................... 131
16.4.3
Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1 - Page Code = 00h - Supported VPD Pages ........................................... 133
16.4.4
Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1, Page Code = 03h - ASCII Information Page ......................................... 134
16.4.5
Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1, Page Code = 80h - Unit Serial Number Page ........................................ 137
16.4.6
Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1, Page Code = 83h - Device Identification Page ...................................... 138
16.4.7
Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1, Page Code = 86h - Extended INQUIRY Data Page .............................. 140
16.4.8
Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1, Page Code = 87h - Mode Page Policy Page .......................................... 142
16.4.9
Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1, Page Code = 88h - SCSI Ports Page ...................................................... 143
16.4.10
Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1, Page Code = 8Ah - Power Condition Page ....................................... 145
16.4.11
Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1, Page Code = 8Dh - Power Consumption Page .................................. 146
16.4.12
Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1, Page Code = 90h - Protocol Specific Logical Unit Information Page
147
16.4.13
Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1, Page Code = 91h ............................................................................... 148
16.4.14
Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1, Page Code = B0h - Block Limits VPD Page ..................................... 150
16.4.15
Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1, Page Code = B1h - Block Device Characteristics VPD Page ........... 152
16.4.16
Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1, Page Code = B2h - Logical Block Provisioning VPD Page .............. 153
16.4.17
Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1, Page Code = D2h - Component and Assembly Information Page .... 154
16.5
LOG SELECT (4C) .................................................................................................................................. 155
16.6
LOG SENSE (4D) ..................................................................................................................................... 158
16.6.1
Log Page Parameters ....................................................................................................................... 159
16.6.2
Log Sense Page 0h - Supported Log Sense Pages ........................................................................... 160
16.6.3
Log Sense Page 2h - Counters for Write Errors .............................................................................. 161
16.6.4
Log Sense Page 3h - Counters for Read Errors ............................................................................... 163
16.6.5
Log Sense Page 5h - Counters for Verify Errors ............................................................................. 165
16.6.6
Log Sense Page 6h - Counters for Non-Medium Errors .................................................................. 167
16.6.7
Log Sense Page Dh - Temperature Information .............................................................................. 168
16.6.8
Log Sense Page Eh - Manufacturing Date Information ................................................................... 169
16.6.9
Log Sense Page Fh - Application Client Log .................................................................................. 170
16.6.10
Log Sense Page 10h - Self-Test Results...................................................................................... 171
16.6.11
Log Sense Page 11h - Solid State Media Log Page .................................................................... 174
16.6.12
Log Sense Page 15h - Background Medium Scan Operations .................................................... 175
16.6.13
Log Sense Page 17h - Non-Volatile Cache Log Parameters ....................................................... 177
16.6.14
Log Sense Page 18h - Protocol-Specific Log Parameters ........................................................... 178
16.6.15
Log Sense Page 19h - General Statistics and Performance ......................................................... 181
16.6.16
Log Sense Page 1Ah - Accumulated Transitions ........................................................................ 183
16.6.17
Log Sense Page 2Fh - SMART Status and Temperature Reading .............................................. 184
16.6.18
Log Sense Page 30h - Reserved Content .................................................................................... 186
16.6.19
Log Sense Page 37h - Miscellaneous Data Counters .................................................................. 187
16.7
MODE SELECT (15)................................................................................................................................ 188
16.8
MODE SELECT (55)................................................................................................................................ 189
16.9
MODE SENSE (1A).................................................................................................................................. 190
16.9.1
Mode Parameter List ....................................................................................................................... 192
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
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16.9.1.1
Header..................................................................................................................................... 192
16.9.1.2
Block Descriptor ..................................................................................................................... 193
16.9.1.3
Page Descriptor....................................................................................................................... 194
16.9.2
Mode Page 00h - Vendor Unique Parameters ................................................................................. 195
16.9.3
Mode Page 01h - Read/Write Error Recovery Parameters .............................................................. 197
16.9.4
Mode Page 02h - Disconnect/Reconnect Parameters ...................................................................... 198
16.9.5
Mode Page 03h - Format Device Parameters .................................................................................. 199
16.9.6
Mode Page 04h - Rigid Disk Drive Geometry Parameters .............................................................. 200
16.9.7
Mode Page 07h - Verify Error Recovery Parameters ...................................................................... 201
16.9.8
Mode Page 08h - Caching Parameters ............................................................................................. 202
16.9.9
Mode Page 0Ah - Control Mode Page Parameters .......................................................................... 203
16.9.9.1
Control Extension Subpage .................................................................................................... 205
16.9.9.2
Application Tag Subpage ....................................................................................................... 206
16.9.10
Mode Page 0Ch - Notch Parameters ........................................................................................... 208
16.9.11
Mode Page 18h (Protocol-Specific Logical Unit) ....................................................................... 209
16.9.12
Mode Page 19h - Port Control Parameters .................................................................................. 210
16.9.12.1
Short Format of Port Control Page ......................................................................................... 210
16.9.12.2
Long Format of Port Control Page ......................................................................................... 212
16.9.12.3
PHY Control and Discover - Subpage 1 ................................................................................. 213
16.9.12.4
Shared Port Control - Subpage 2 ............................................................................................ 215
16.9.12.5
SAS Phy Mode Page - Subpage 3 ........................................................................................... 216
16.9.13
Mode Page 1Ah - Power Control ................................................................................................ 218
16.9.13.1
Power Consumption - Subpage 1............................................................................................ 219
16.9.14
Mode Page 1Ch - Informational Exceptions Control .................................................................. 220
16.9.14.1
Background Control - Subpage 01h........................................................................................ 222
16.10
MODE SENSE (5A) ............................................................................................................................. 223
16.11
PERSISTENT RESERVE IN (5E)......................................................................................................... 224
16.11.1
Service Action Codes .................................................................................................................. 224
16.11.2
Parameter Data for Read Keys .................................................................................................... 225
16.11.3
Parameter Data for Read Reservations ........................................................................................ 226
16.12
PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT (5F) ..................................................................................................... 227
16.12.1
Service Action Codes .................................................................................................................. 227
16.12.2
Type Codes ................................................................................................................................. 228
16.12.3
Parameter list .............................................................................................................................. 229
16.12.4
Summary ..................................................................................................................................... 230
16.12.4.1
Scope, Type ............................................................................................................................ 230
16.12.4.2
Reservation Key ..................................................................................................................... 230
16.12.4.3
Service Action Reservation Key ............................................................................................. 230
16.12.4.4
APTPL .................................................................................................................................... 230
16.12.4.5
Generation Counter ................................................................................................................. 230
16.13
PRE-FETCH (10) - (34) ...................................................................................................................... 231
16.14
PRE-FETCH (16) - (90) ...................................................................................................................... 231
16.15
READ (6) - (08) ................................................................................................................................... 232
16.16
READ (10) - (28) ................................................................................................................................. 233
16.17
READ (12) - (A8) ................................................................................................................................. 235
16.18
READ (16) - (88) ................................................................................................................................. 236
16.19
READ (32) - (7F/09) ............................................................................................................................ 237
16.20
READ BUFFER (3C) ........................................................................................................................... 238
16.20.1
Combined Header And Data (Mode 00000b) ............................................................................. 239
16.20.2
Read Data (Mode 00010b) .......................................................................................................... 239
16.20.3
Descriptor (Mode 00011b) .......................................................................................................... 240
16.20.4
Read Data from Echo Buffer (Mode 01010b) ............................................................................. 241
16.20.5
Echo Buffer Descriptor (Mode 01011b) ..................................................................................... 241
16.20.6
Expander Communications and Echo Buffer (Mode 11010b) .................................................... 241
16.20.7
Error History (Mode 11100b) ..................................................................................................... 242
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
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16.21
READ CAPACITY (10) - (25) .............................................................................................................. 245
16.21.1
Returned Data Format ................................................................................................................. 245
16.22
READ CAPACITY (16) (9E/10) ........................................................................................................... 246
16.22.1
Returned Data Format ................................................................................................................. 246
16.23
READ DEFECT DATA (37)................................................................................................................. 248
16.23.1
Defect List Header ...................................................................................................................... 249
16.23.2
Defect List Descriptor ................................................................................................................. 249
16.24
READ DEFECT DATA (B7) ................................................................................................................ 250
16.24.1
Defect List Header ...................................................................................................................... 251
16.24.2
Defect List Descriptor ................................................................................................................. 251
16.25
READ LONG (3E) - 10-Byte CDB ....................................................................................................... 252
16.26
READ LONG (16) - (9E/11) 16-Byte CDB .......................................................................................... 253
16.27
REASSIGN BLOCKS (07) .................................................................................................................... 254
16.28
RECEIVE DIAGNOSTICS RESULTS (1C) .......................................................................................... 255
16.28.1
Receive Diagnostic Results Page 0 ............................................................................................. 255
16.29
RELEASE (17) ..................................................................................................................................... 256
16.30
RELEASE (57) ..................................................................................................................................... 257
16.31
REPORT DEVICE IDENTIFIER (A3/05) ............................................................................................ 258
16.32
REPORT LUNS (A0) ............................................................................................................................ 260
16.33
REPORT SUPPORTED OPERATION CODES (A3/0C) ..................................................................... 261
16.33.1
all_commands Parameter Data Format ....................................................................................... 263
16.33.2
one_command Parameter Data Format ....................................................................................... 264
16.33.3
Command Timeouts Descriptor Format ...................................................................................... 266
16.33.3.1
Overview ................................................................................................................................ 266
16.33.3.2
WRITE BUFFER: Command Timeouts Descriptor COMMAND SPECIFIC Field Usage ... 267
16.34
REPORT SUPPORTED TASK MANAGEMENT FUNCTIONS (A3/0D) ............................................ 268
16.35
REQUEST SENSE (03) ........................................................................................................................ 270
16.36
RESERVE (16) ..................................................................................................................................... 271
16.37
RESERVE (56) ..................................................................................................................................... 272
16.38
REZERO UNIT (01) ............................................................................................................................. 273
16.39
SANITIZE (48) ..................................................................................................................................... 274
16.39.1
Sanitize (48) Service Action Codes ............................................................................................ 274
16.40
SECURITY PROTOCOL IN (A2)......................................................................................................... 275
16.41
SECURITY PROTOCOL OUT (B5) ..................................................................................................... 277
16.42
SEEK (6) - (0B) .................................................................................................................................... 279
16.43
SEEK (10) - (2B) .................................................................................................................................. 279
16.44
SEND DIAGNOSTIC (1D)................................................................................................................... 280
16.44.1
Send Diagnostic Page 0............................................................................................................... 282
16.44.2
Send Diagnostic Page 3F ............................................................................................................ 283
16.45
SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER (A4/06) .................................................................................................... 286
16.46
START STOP UNIT (1B) ..................................................................................................................... 287
16.47
SYNCHRONIZE CACHE (10) - (35) ................................................................................................... 288
16.48
SYNCHRONIZE CACHE (16) - (91) ................................................................................................... 289
16.49
TEST UNIT READY (00) ..................................................................................................................... 290
16.50
UNMAP (42) ........................................................................................................................................ 291
16.50.1
UNMAP Parameter List .............................................................................................................. 292
16.51
VERIFY (10) - (2F) .............................................................................................................................. 294
16.52
VERIFY (12) - (AF).............................................................................................................................. 296
16.53
VERIFY (16) - (8F) .............................................................................................................................. 296
16.54
VERIFY (32) - (7F/0A) ........................................................................................................................ 297
16.55
WRITE (6) - (0A) ................................................................................................................................. 298
16.56
WRITE (10) - (2A) ............................................................................................................................... 299
16.57
WRITE (12) - (AA) ............................................................................................................................... 301
16.58
WRITE (16) - (8A) ............................................................................................................................... 301
16.59
WRITE (32) - (7F/0B) .......................................................................................................................... 302
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
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16.60
WRITE AND VERIFY (10) - (2E) ........................................................................................................ 303
16.61
WRITE AND VERIFY (12) - (AE) ........................................................................................................ 304
16.62
WRITE AND VERIFY (16) - (8E) ........................................................................................................ 304
16.63
WRITE AND VERIFY (32) - (7F/0C) ................................................................................................... 305
16.64
WRITE BUFFER (3B) ......................................................................................................................... 306
16.64.1
Combined Header And Data (Mode 00000b) ............................................................................. 307
16.64.2
Write Data (Mode 00010b) ......................................................................................................... 307
16.64.3
Download Microcode (Mode 00100b) ........................................................................................ 308
16.64.4
Download Microcode and Save (Mode 00101b) - Single Binary File ........................................ 309
16.64.5
Download Microcode and Save (Mode 00111b) - Multiple Binary Files ................................... 309
16.64.6
Write Data to Echo Buffer (Mode 01010b) ................................................................................ 309
16.64.7
Download Microcode with Offsets, Save and Defer Activate (Mode 01110b) .......................... 309
16.64.8
Activate Deferred Microcode Mode (Mode 01111b) .................................................................. 310
16.64.9
Enable Expander Communications Protocol (Mode 11010b) ..................................................... 310
16.64.10
Enable Expander Communications Protocol (Mode 11010b) ..................................................... 310
16.65
WRITE LONG (10) - (3F) .................................................................................................................... 311
16.66
WRITE LONG (16) - (9F/11) ............................................................................................................... 315
16.67
WRITE SAME (10) - (41) ..................................................................................................................... 316
16.68
WRITE SAME (16) - (93) ..................................................................................................................... 317
16.69
WRITE SAME (32) - (7F/0D) .............................................................................................................. 318
16.70
SCSI Status Byte .................................................................................................................................. 320
16.71
Additional Information ........................................................................................................................ 321
16.72
SCSI Protocol ...................................................................................................................................... 321
16.72.1
Priority of SCSI Status Byte Reporting....................................................................................... 321
16.72.2
Invalid LUN Processing .............................................................................................................. 322
16.72.3
Command Processing During Execution of Active I/O Process ................................................. 322
16.72.4
Unit Attention Condition ............................................................................................................ 323
16.72.5
Command Processing During Startup, Format and Sanitize Operations ..................................... 324
16.72.6
Internal Error Condition .............................................................................................................. 325
16.72.7
Deferred Error Condition ............................................................................................................ 325
16.72.8
Degraded Mode ........................................................................................................................... 326
16.72.8.1
Response to SCSI Command in Degraded Mode - Becoming Ready .................................... 326
16.72.8.2
Response to SCSI Command in Degraded Mode - Context Load .......................................... 327
16.72.8.3
Response to SCSI Command in Degraded Mode - Drive Issued or Received Unit Stop
Command 328
16.72.8.4
Self-Configuration Failure Degraded Mode ........................................................................... 329
16.72.8.5
Format Command Failure Degraded Mode ............................................................................ 330
16.72.8.6
Sanitize Command Failure Degraded Mode ........................................................................... 331
16.72.8.7
Command Processing while Reserved .................................................................................... 332
16.73
Priority Commands .............................................................................................................................. 333
16.74
Command Queuing .............................................................................................................................. 333
16.74.1
Queue Depth ............................................................................................................................... 333
16.74.2
Queue Full Status ........................................................................................................................ 333
16.74.3
Termination of I/O Processes ...................................................................................................... 333
16.75
Command Reordering .......................................................................................................................... 333
16.76
Concurrent I/O Process ....................................................................................................................... 334
16.77
Write Cache ......................................................................................................................................... 334
16.78
Automatic Rewrite/Reallocate ............................................................................................................. 334
16.79
Multiple Initiator Support .................................................................................................................... 334
16.79.1
Sense Data ................................................................................................................................... 334
16.79.2
Mode Pages ................................................................................................................................. 334
16.80
Reset..................................................................................................................................................... 335
16.80.1
Reset Sources .............................................................................................................................. 335
16.80.2
Reset Actions .............................................................................................................................. 335
16.80.2.1
Power-On Reset and Self-Initiated Reset ............................................................................... 335
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
viii
16.81
Diagnostics .......................................................................................................................................... 336
16.81.1
Power-On Diagnostics ................................................................................................................ 336
16.81.2
Self-Test via SEND DIAGNOSTIC Command .......................................................................... 336
16.81.2.1
Default Self-Test..................................................................................................................... 336
16.81.2.2
Short Self-Tests and Extended Self-Tests............................................................................... 336
16.81.2.3
Self-Test Modes ...................................................................................................................... 337
16.81.2.4
Background Medium Scan...................................................................................................... 338
16.82
Idle Time Function ............................................................................................................................... 339
16.83
Command Time-Out Limits .................................................................................................................. 339
16.83.1
Format Time ................................................................................................................................ 339
16.83.2
Sanitize Time .............................................................................................................................. 339
16.83.3
START STOP UNIT Time ......................................................................................................... 339
16.83.4
Time-Out Limits for Other Commands ....................................................................................... 339
16.84
Recommended Initiator ERP................................................................................................................ 340
16.84.1
Drive Service Strategy ................................................................................................................ 340
16.84.2
Recommendations for System Error Log .................................................................................... 340
16.84.3
Data Recovery Procedure ............................................................................................................ 341
16.84.4
Non-Data Error Recovery Procedure .......................................................................................... 341
16.84.4.1
Drive Busy .............................................................................................................................. 341
16.84.4.2
Unrecovered Drive Error ........................................................................................................ 341
16.84.4.3
Recovered Drive Error ............................................................................................................ 342
16.84.4.4
Drive Not Ready ..................................................................................................................... 342
16.84.4.5
Degraded Mode ...................................................................................................................... 342
16.84.4.6
Interface Protocol.................................................................................................................... 343
16.84.4.7
Aborted Command.................................................................................................................. 344
16.84.4.8
Unit Attention Condition ........................................................................................................ 345
16.84.4.9
Components Mismatch ........................................................................................................... 346
16.84.4.10 Self-Initiated Reset ................................................................................................................. 346
16.84.4.11 Defect List Recovery .............................................................................................................. 346
16.84.4.12 Miscompare Recovery ............................................................................................................ 347
16.84.4.13 Microcode Error ..................................................................................................................... 347
16.84.4.14 Predictive Failure Analysis .................................................................................................... 348
16.85
Logical Block Provisioning ................................................................................................................. 348
17 SCSI Sense Data .............................................................................................................................................. 349
17.1
SCSI Sense Data Format .......................................................................................................................... 349
17.2
Sense Data Description ............................................................................................................................ 350
17.2.1
Valid (Bit 7 of Byte 0) ..................................................................................................................... 350
17.2.2
Error Code (Bit 6 - 0 of Byte 0)....................................................................................................... 350
17.2.3
ILI: Incorrect Length Indicator (Bit 5 of Byte 2)............................................................................. 350
17.2.4
Sense Key (Bit 3 - 0 of Byte 2) ....................................................................................................... 351
17.2.5
Information Bytes (Byte 3 through 6) ............................................................................................. 352
17.2.6
Additional Sense Length (Byte 7) ................................................................................................... 352
17.2.7
Command Specific Information (Byte 8 through 11) ...................................................................... 352
17.2.8
Additional Sense Code/Qualifier (Byte 12 and 13) ......................................................................... 352
17.2.9
FRU: Field Replaceable Unit (Byte 14) .......................................................................................... 364
17.2.10
Sense Key Specific (Byte 15 through 17) ................................................................................... 364
17.2.10.1
Sense Key Specific - Illegal Request (Sense Key = 5h) ......................................................... 364
17.2.10.2
Sense Key Specific - Recovered (Sense Key = 1h) or Medium (Sense Key = 3h) or Hardware
(Sense Key = 4h) .......................................................................................................................................... 365
17.2.10.3
Sense Key Specific - Not Ready (Sense key = 2h) ................................................................. 366
17.2.11
Reserved (Byte 18 through 19) ................................................................................................... 366
17.2.12
Vendor-Unique Error Information (Byte 20 through 23) ............................................................ 366
17.2.13
Physical Error Record (Byte 24 thru 29) ..................................................................................... 366
17.2.14
Reserved (Byte 30 through 31) ................................................................................................... 366
17.2.15
Unit Error Codes (UEC) List ...................................................................................................... 367
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
ix
18
Security Firmware and Hardware ................................................................................................................ 373
18.1
Referenced Specifications and Standards ................................................................................................ 373
18.1.1
TCG Specifications ......................................................................................................................... 373
18.1.2
National Institute of Standards (NIST) ............................................................................................ 373
18.1.3
INCITS Standards ........................................................................................................................... 374
18.1.4
Department of Defense .................................................................................................................... 374
18.2
TCG Enterprise Implementation Exceptions ............................................................................................ 374
18.3
Encryption Algorithms ............................................................................................................................. 375
18.3.1
Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) ............................................................................................ 375
18.3.2
‘Level 0 Discovery’ Vendor Specific Data ..................................................................................... 375
18.3.3
Deterministic Random Bit Generation (DRBG) .............................................................................. 376
18.3.4
Key Erasure and Generation ............................................................................................................ 376
18.3.5
Key Wrap ........................................................................................................................................ 376
18.4
TCG Enterprise Tables ............................................................................................................................ 377
18.4.1
‘Admin SP’ C_PIN and ‘Locking SP’ C_PIN Tables ..................................................................... 377
18.4.2
‘Locking SP’ K_AES_256 Table .................................................................................................... 378
18.4.3
‘Locking SP’ Access Control Table ................................................................................................ 378
18.4.4
‘Locking SP’ LockingInfo Table ..................................................................................................... 379
18.4.5
‘Locking SP’ Locking Table ........................................................................................................... 379
18.4.6
DataStore Table ............................................................................................................................... 379
18.5
Firmware Download and Signing ............................................................................................................ 380
18.6
Ports Feature ........................................................................................................................................... 380
18.7
MSID (Manufacturer’s Security Identifier) .............................................................................................. 383
18.8
Logging .................................................................................................................................................... 384
18.9
Number of Sessions .................................................................................................................................. 384
18.10
Number of Bands ................................................................................................................................. 384
18.11
Number of COMIDs ............................................................................................................................. 384
18.12
Locked and Unlocked Behavior ........................................................................................................... 384
18.12.1
T10 SCSI Commands.................................................................................................................. 384
18.12.2
TCG Enterprise Commands ........................................................................................................ 387
18.13
Revert Method ...................................................................................................................................... 389
18.14
RevertSP Method ................................................................................................................................. 390
18.15
Error Codes ......................................................................................................................................... 390
18.16
Customer Specific Requirements ......................................................................................................... 390
18.17
FIPS140 Cryptographic Officer Instructions....................................................................................... 391
18.17.1
Physical Security ......................................................................................................................... 391
18.17.2
Certified Models, Hardware Versions and Firmware Versions .................................................. 391
18.17.3
Cryptographic Module Acceptance and Provisioning ................................................................. 391
18.17.4
Zeroization of the Cryptographic Module ................................................................................... 392
18.17.5
Security Protocol Parameters ...................................................................................................... 392
18.17.5.1
Security Protocol Information Description ............................................................................. 392
18.17.5.2
CDB Description .................................................................................................................... 392
18.17.5.3
Certificate Data Description ................................................................................................... 393
18.17.5.4
Public Key Certificate Description ......................................................................................... 393
18.17.5.5
Attribute Certificate Description ............................................................................................ 393
18.17.6
Security Compliance Information Description............................................................................ 394
18.17.7
Compliance Descriptor Overview ............................................................................................... 395
18.17.8
FIPS 140 Compliance Descriptor ................................................................................................ 396
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
x
List of Tables
Table 1:
Table 2:
Table 3:
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Table 41:
Table 42:
Table 43:
Table 44:
Table 45:
Table 46:
Table 47:
Table 48:
Product ID Table.................................................................................................................................... 18
Byte Ordering Conventions ................................................................................................................... 23
Formatted Capacities are Listed in Blocks ............................................................................................ 25
Datasheet ............................................................................................................................................... 28
Product ID in Inquiry Command World Wide ID - Block Assignment ................................................. 29
Block Assignment of World Wide ID in INQUIRY Command ............................................................ 31
Drive Ready Time .................................................................................................................................. 32
SSD Command Overhead ...................................................................................................................... 32
SSD Response Time .............................................................................................................................. 32
6Gbps Single Port 9W Mode, HE .......................................................................................................... 33
6Gbps Single Port 9W Mode, ME ......................................................................................................... 35
6Gbps Single Port 9W Mode, RI and Soft RI ........................................................................................ 37
6Gbps Dual Port 9W Mode, HE ............................................................................................................ 39
6Gbps Dual Port 9W Mode, ME ............................................................................................................ 41
6Gbps Dual Port 9W Mode, RI and Soft RI .......................................................................................... 43
12Gbps Single Port 9W Mode, HE ........................................................................................................ 45
12Gbps Single Port 9W Mode, ME ....................................................................................................... 47
12Gbps Single Port 9W Mode, RI and Soft RI ...................................................................................... 49
12Gbps Dual Port 9W Mode, HE .......................................................................................................... 51
12Gbps Dual Port 9W Mode, ME .......................................................................................................... 53
12Gbps Dual Port 9W Mode, RI and Soft RI ........................................................................................ 55
12Gbps Single Port 11W Mode, HE ...................................................................................................... 57
12Gbps Single Port 11W Mode, ME ..................................................................................................... 59
12Gbps Single Port 11W Mode, RI and Soft RI .................................................................................... 61
12Gbps Dual Port 11W Mode, HE ........................................................................................................ 63
12Gbps Dual Port 11W Mode, ME ........................................................................................................ 65
12Gbps Dual Port 11W Mode, RI and Soft RI ...................................................................................... 67
29-Pin Connector Signal Definition ....................................................................................................... 71
Operating and Non-Operating Conditions ............................................................................................. 73
Maximum Allowable Surface Temperatures ......................................................................................... 74
Input Voltage and Capacitance .............................................................................................................. 75
HE Models; Power Supply Current, Average and Peak (100GB, 200GB, 400GB, 800GB) ................. 75
ME Models; Power Supply Current, Average and Peak (200GB, 400GB, 800GB, 1.6TB) .................. 77
RI Models; Power Supply Current, Average and Peak (250GB, 400GB, 500GB) ................................ 79
RI Models; Power Supply Current, Average and Peak (800GB, 1.0TB, 1.6TB) ................................... 81
Power Supply Generated Ripple at Drive Power Connector ................................................................. 83
Power Consumption Efficiency Index ................................................................................................... 83
Physical Dimensions .............................................................................................................................. 85
Names and Identifiers ............................................................................................................................ 98
IEEE Registered Name Format .............................................................................................................. 99
Supported Settings Bit Priorities .......................................................................................................... 103
Address Frame Format ......................................................................................................................... 104
Frame Type .......................................................................................................................................... 104
Identify Address Frame ....................................................................................................................... 105
Reason Field ........................................................................................................................................ 106
SAS Frame Format .............................................................................................................................. 110
COMMAND Information Unit ............................................................................................................ 112
TASK Information Unit ....................................................................................................................... 113
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
xi
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Table 99:
Additional Response Information Argument for Query Async Event ................................................. 114
UADE DEPTH Field ........................................................................................................................... 115
XFER_RDY Information Unit ............................................................................................................. 115
DATA Information Unit ...................................................................................................................... 115
Response Information Unit .................................................................................................................. 116
RESPONSE DATA ............................................................................................................................. 118
SCSI Commands Supported ................................................................................................................ 121
SCSI Control Byte ............................................................................................................................... 123
FORMAT UNIT (04)........................................................................................................................... 124
Short Parameter List Header ................................................................................................................ 125
Long Parameter List Header ................................................................................................................ 125
Initialization Pattern Descriptor ........................................................................................................... 127
INQUIRY (12) ..................................................................................................................................... 129
Page Code Descriptions ....................................................................................................................... 130
Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 0 (Page Code = 00h) .......................................................................... 131
Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = 00h) .......................................................................... 133
Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = 03h) .......................................................................... 134
Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = 80h) .......................................................................... 137
Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = 83h) .......................................................................... 138
Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = 86h) .......................................................................... 140
Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = 87h) .......................................................................... 142
Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = 88h) .......................................................................... 143
Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = 8Ah) ......................................................................... 145
Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = 8Dh) ......................................................................... 146
Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = 90h) .......................................................................... 147
Protocol-specific Logical Unit Information Descriptor ....................................................................... 147
Protocol-specific Port Information VPD Page to SAS SSP ................................................................. 148
Port Information Descriptor for SAS SSP ........................................................................................... 148
SAS PHY Information Descriptor for SAS SSP .................................................................................. 149
Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = B0h) ......................................................................... 150
Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = B1h) ......................................................................... 152
Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = B2h) ......................................................................... 153
Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = D2h) ......................................................................... 154
Log Select (4C) .................................................................................................................................... 155
Log Sense (4D) .................................................................................................................................... 158
Log Sense Page 0h - Supported Log Sense Pages ............................................................................... 160
Log Sense Page 2h - Counters for Write Errors ................................................................................... 161
Log Sense Page 3h - Counters for Read Errors.................................................................................... 163
Log Sense Page 5h - Counters for Verify Errors ................................................................................. 165
Log Sense Page 6h - Counters for Non-Medium Errors ...................................................................... 167
Log Sense Page Dh - Temperature Information .................................................................................. 168
Log Sense Page Eh - Manufacturing Date Information ....................................................................... 169
Log Sense Page Fh - Application Client Log ...................................................................................... 170
Log Sense Page Fh, Application Client Log Parameter Structure ....................................................... 170
Log Sense Page 10h - Self-Test Results .............................................................................................. 171
Log Sense Page 10h - Self-Test Results Log Parameter Structure ...................................................... 171
Log Sense Page 10h - Self-Test Results Value .................................................................................... 172
Log Sense Page 10h - Extended Segment Number .............................................................................. 173
Log Sense Page 11h - Solid State Media Log Page ............................................................................. 174
Log Sense Page 11h - Solid State Media Log Page Parameter Codes ................................................. 174
Log Sense Page 11h - Percentage Used Endurance Indicator Parameter Format ................................ 174
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
xii
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Table 101:
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Table 150:
Log Sense Page 15h - Background Medium Scan Operations ............................................................. 175
Log Sense Page 17h - Non-Volatile Cache Log Parameters ................................................................ 177
Log Sense Page 18h - Protocol-Specific Log Parameters .................................................................... 178
Log Sense Page 18h - SAS Log Descriptor ......................................................................................... 178
Log Sense Page 19h - General Statistics and Performance .................................................................. 181
Time Interval Descriptor ...................................................................................................................... 182
Log Sense Page 1Ah - Accumulated Transitions ................................................................................. 183
Log Sense Page 2Fh - SMART Status and Temperature Reading ....................................................... 184
Log Sense Page 2Fh - Vendor Unique Parameter Format for Parameters >0000h .............................. 185
Log Sense Page 30h - Reserved Content ............................................................................................. 186
Log Sense Page 37h - Miscellaneous Data Counters ........................................................................... 187
MODE SELECT (15) .......................................................................................................................... 188
MODE SELECT (55) .......................................................................................................................... 189
MODE SENSE (1A) ............................................................................................................................ 190
Page Code Usage ................................................................................................................................. 191
Mode Parameter Header (6) ................................................................................................................. 192
Mode Parameter Header (10) ............................................................................................................... 192
Block Descriptor .................................................................................................................................. 193
Mode Parameter Page Format .............................................................................................................. 194
Mode Parameter Page Format .............................................................................................................. 194
Mode Page 00h - Vendor Unique Parameters ...................................................................................... 195
Mode Page 01h - Read/Write Error Recovery Parameters .................................................................. 197
Mode Page 02h - Disconnect/Reconnect Parameters ........................................................................... 198
Mode Page 03h - Format Device Parameters ....................................................................................... 199
Mode Page 04h - Rigid Disk Drive Geometry Parameters .................................................................. 200
Mode Page 07h - Verify Error Recovery Parameters .......................................................................... 201
Mode Page 08h - Caching Parameters ................................................................................................. 202
Mode Page 0Ah - Control Mode Page Parameters .............................................................................. 203
Control Extension Subpage ................................................................................................................. 205
Application Tag Mode Page ................................................................................................................ 206
Application Tag Descriptor Format ..................................................................................................... 207
Mode Page 0Ch - Notch Parameters .................................................................................................... 208
Mode Page 18h (Protocol-Specific Logical Unit) ................................................................................ 209
Short (Port Control Parameters) Short Format..................................................................................... 210
Long Format of Port Control Page ....................................................................................................... 212
PHY Control and Discover - Subpage 1 .............................................................................................. 213
SAS PHY Mode Descriptor ................................................................................................................. 214
Shared Port Control - Subpage 2 ......................................................................................................... 215
SAS Phy Mode Page - Subpage 3 ........................................................................................................ 216
PHY Mode Descriptor (0 and 1) .......................................................................................................... 217
Mode Page 1Ah - Power Control ......................................................................................................... 218
Power Consumption - Subpage 1 ......................................................................................................... 219
Mode Page 1Ch - Informational Exceptions Control ........................................................................... 220
Background Control - Subpage 01h ..................................................................................................... 222
MODE SENSE (5A) ............................................................................................................................ 223
Persistent Reserve In (5E) .................................................................................................................... 224
PERSISTENT RESERVE IN, Service Action Codes .......................................................................... 224
PERSISTENT RESERVE IN, Parameter Data for Read Keys ............................................................ 225
PERSISTENT RESERVE IN, Parameter Data for Read Reservations ............................................... 226
PERSISTENT RESERVE IN, Read Reservation Descriptor .............................................................. 226
PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT (5F) .................................................................................................. 227
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
xiii
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Table 152:
Table 153:
Table 154:
Table 155:
Table 156:
Table 157:
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Table 160:
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Table 201:
PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT, Service Action Codes ...................................................................... 227
PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT, Type Codes ..................................................................................... 228
Parameter List ...................................................................................................................................... 229
PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT, Service Action, Parameters ............................................................. 230
APTPL and Drive Information ............................................................................................................ 230
PRE-FETCH (10) - (34) ...................................................................................................................... 231
PRE-FETCH (16) - (90) ...................................................................................................................... 231
READ (6) - (08) ................................................................................................................................... 232
READ (10) - (28) ................................................................................................................................. 233
Read (12) - (A8)................................................................................................................................... 235
READ (16) - (88) ................................................................................................................................. 236
READ (32) - (7F/09)............................................................................................................................ 237
READ BUFFER (3C) .......................................................................................................................... 238
Read Buffer Header ............................................................................................................................. 239
Read Buffer Descriptor ........................................................................................................................ 240
Echo Buffer Descriptor ........................................................................................................................ 241
Error History Directory ........................................................................................................................ 242
Error History Directory Entry .............................................................................................................. 244
READ CAPACITY (10) - (25) ............................................................................................................ 245
Format of READ CAPACITY Command Reply ................................................................................. 245
Read Capacity (16) (9E/10) ................................................................................................................. 246
Returned Data Format .......................................................................................................................... 246
P_TYPE Field and PROT_EN Bit ....................................................................................................... 247
LOGICAL BLOCKS PER PHYSICAL BLOCK EXPONENT Field ................................................. 247
READ DEFECT DATA (37) ............................................................................................................... 248
Defect List Header ............................................................................................................................... 249
Defect List Descriptor .......................................................................................................................... 249
READ DEFECT DATA (B7) .............................................................................................................. 250
Defect List Header ............................................................................................................................... 251
Defect List Descriptor .......................................................................................................................... 251
READ LONG (3E) -10-Byte CDB ...................................................................................................... 252
READ LONG (16) - (9E/11) 16-Byte CDB ........................................................................................ 253
REASSIGN BLOCKS (07) ................................................................................................................. 254
Format of Reassign Blocks data .......................................................................................................... 254
RECEIVE DIAGNOSTICS RESULTS (1C) ...................................................................................... 255
Receive Diagnostic Results Page 0 ...................................................................................................... 255
RELEASE (17) .................................................................................................................................... 256
RELEASE (57) .................................................................................................................................... 257
REPORT DEVICE IDENTIFIER (A3/05) .......................................................................................... 258
Report Device Identifier Parameter List .............................................................................................. 259
REPORT LUNS (A0) .......................................................................................................................... 260
LUN Reporting Parameter List Format ............................................................................................... 260
REPORT SUPPORTED OPERATION CODES (A3/0C)................................................................... 261
Reporting Options ................................................................................................................................ 262
all_commands Parameter Data Format ................................................................................................ 263
Command Descriptor Format .............................................................................................................. 263
one_command Parameter Data Format ................................................................................................ 264
one_command Parameter Support Field .............................................................................................. 265
Command Timeouts Descriptor Format .............................................................................................. 266
Command Timeouts Descriptor Command Specific Field Usage ....................................................... 266
REPORT SUPPORTED TASK MANAGEMENT FUNCTIONS (A3/0D) ....................................... 268
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
xiv
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Table 203:
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Table 208:
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REQUEST SENSE (03)....................................................................................................................... 270
RESERVE (16) .................................................................................................................................... 271
RESERVE (56) .................................................................................................................................... 272
REZERO UNIT (01)............................................................................................................................ 273
SANITIZE (48) .................................................................................................................................... 274
SANITIZE Service Action Codes ........................................................................................................ 274
SECURITY PROTOCOL IN (A2) ...................................................................................................... 275
SECURITY PROTOCOL OUT (B5) .................................................................................................. 277
SEEK (6) - (0B) ................................................................................................................................... 279
SEEK (10) - (2B) ................................................................................................................................. 279
SEND DIAGNOSTIC (1D) ................................................................................................................. 280
SEND DIAGNOSTIC Function Code (1D) ......................................................................................... 280
Diagnostic Page 0 ................................................................................................................................ 282
Send Diagnostic Page 3F ..................................................................................................................... 283
SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER (A4/06) .................................................................................................. 286
SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER Parameter List ....................................................................................... 286
START STOP UNIT (1B) ................................................................................................................... 287
SYNCHRONIZE CACHE (10) - (35) ................................................................................................. 288
SYNCHRONIZE CACHE (16) - (91) ................................................................................................. 289
TEST UNIT READY (00) ................................................................................................................... 290
UNMAP (42) ....................................................................................................................................... 291
UNMAP Parameter list ........................................................................................................................ 292
UNMAP Block Descriptor................................................................................................................... 293
VERIFY (10) - (2F) ............................................................................................................................. 294
VERIFY (12) - (AF) ............................................................................................................................ 296
VERIFY (16) - (8F) ............................................................................................................................. 296
VERIFY (32) - (7F/0A) ....................................................................................................................... 297
WRITE (6) - (0A) ................................................................................................................................ 298
WRITE (10) - (2A) .............................................................................................................................. 299
WRITE (12) - (AA) ............................................................................................................................. 301
WRITE (16) - (8A) .............................................................................................................................. 301
WRITE (32) - (7F/0B) ......................................................................................................................... 302
WRITE AND VERIFY (10) - (2E) ...................................................................................................... 303
WRITE AND VERIFY (12) - (AE) ..................................................................................................... 304
WRITE AND VERIFY (16) - (8E) ...................................................................................................... 304
WRITE AND VERIFY (32) - (7F/0C) ................................................................................................ 305
WRITE BUFFER (3B) ........................................................................................................................ 306
Write Buffer Header ............................................................................................................................ 307
WRITE LONG (10) - (3F) ................................................................................................................... 311
COR_DIS Bit, WR_UNCOR Bit, and PBLOCK Bit (Part 1 of 2) ...................................................... 312
COR_DIS Bit, WR_UNCOR Bit, and PBLOCK Bit (Part 2 of 2) ...................................................... 313
WRITE LONG (16) - (9F/11) .............................................................................................................. 315
WRITE SAME (10) - (41) ................................................................................................................... 316
WRITE SAME (16) - (93) ................................................................................................................... 317
WRITE SAME (32) - (7F/0D) ............................................................................................................. 318
SCSI Status Byte. Format of the SCSI Status Byte ............................................................................. 320
Response to SCSI Command in Degraded Mode - Becoming Ready ................................................. 326
Response to SCSI Command in Degraded Mode - Context Load ....................................................... 327
Media Degraded Mode - Drive Issued/Received Unit Stop Command ............................................... 328
Self-Configuration Failure Degraded Mode ........................................................................................ 329
Format Command Failure Degraded Mode ......................................................................................... 330
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
xv
Table 253:
Table 254:
Table 255:
Table 256:
Table 257:
Table 258:
Table 259:
Table 260:
Table 261:
Table 262:
Table 263:
Table 264:
Table 265:
Table 266:
Table 267:
Table 268:
Table 269:
Table 270:
Table 271:
Table 272:
Table 273:
Table 274:
Table 275:
Table 276:
Table 277:
Table 278:
Table 279:
Table 280:
Table 281:
Table 282:
Table 283:
Sanitize Command Failure Degraded Mode ........................................................................................ 331
Short and Extended Self-Test Description ........................................................................................... 338
Format of Sense Data ........................................................................................................................... 349
Field Pointer Bytes .............................................................................................................................. 364
Number of Bits in Error ....................................................................................................................... 365
Progress Indication .............................................................................................................................. 366
Unit Error Codes .................................................................................................................................. 367
Persistent Reserve In (5E).................................................................................................................... 375
HGST Default Values for ‘Admin SP’ C_PIN and ‘Locking SP' C_PIN ............................................ 377
HGST Implementation of K_AES_256 Table ..................................................................................... 378
HGST Implementation of ‘Locking SP’ AccessControl Table ............................................................ 378
HGST Implementation of ‘Locking Info’ Table .................................................................................. 379
HGST Implementation of ‘Locking SP’ Locking Table ...................................................................... 379
Port Definitions .................................................................................................................................... 380
‘Admin SP’ Ports Table ....................................................................................................................... 380
Modified ‘Admin SP’ ACE Table ....................................................................................................... 381
Modified ‘Admin SP’ AccessControl Table ........................................................................................ 382
T10 SCSI Commands Behavior Table ................................................................................................. 384
TCG Enterprise SSC Commands Behavior ......................................................................................... 387
Revert Method – PSID Authority Added to Admin SP Authority Table ............................................. 389
Revert Method – PSID Addition to Admin SP C_PIN Table .............................................................. 389
Revert Method – Additions to Admin SP Access Control Table ......................................................... 389
RevertSP Method – PSID Authority Added to Admin SP Authority Table ........................................ 390
RevertSP Method – PSID Addition to Admin SP C_PIN Table .......................................................... 390
RevertSP Method – Additions to Admin SP Access Control Table .................................................... 390
Security Protocol Specific Field for SECURITY PROTOCOL IN Protocol 00h ................................ 392
Certificate Data SECURITY PROTOCOL IN Parameter Data ........................................................... 393
Security Compliance Information SECURITY PROTOCOL IN Parameter Data ............................... 394
Compliance Descriptor Format ............................................................................................................ 395
Compliance Descriptor Type Field ...................................................................................................... 395
FIPS 140 Compliance Descriptor ........................................................................................................ 396
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
xvi
List of Figures
Figure 1:
Figure 2:
Connector Pinout..................................................................................................................... 70
Location of Enclosure Temperature Measurement ................................................................. 74
Figure 3:
Enclosure Outline.................................................................................................................... 85
Figure 4:
Figure 5:
Mechanical Dimensions .......................................................................................................... 87
Mounting Positions and Mounting Holes ............................................................................... 88
Figure 6:
Interface Connector ................................................................................................................. 89
Figure 7:
Link Reset Sequence ............................................................................................................. 100
Figure 8:
SSP Information Unit Sequences .......................................................................................... 119
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
xvii
1 General
1.1
Introduction
This document describes the specifications of the following HGST 2.5 inch SAS drives.
Table 1: Product ID Table
Device
Name
Model
Name
Encryption
Model
Capacity
(GB)
Interface
Ultrastar
SSD800MH.B
HUSMH8080BSS200
Crypto Enabled
800GB
2.5" SAS HE
Ultrastar
SSD800MH.B
HUSMH8080BSS201
TCG Encryption
800GB
2.5" SAS HE
Ultrastar
SSD800MH.B
HUSMH8080BSS204
Crypto Disabled
800GB
2.5" SAS HE
Ultrastar
SSD800MH.B
HUSMH8080BSS205
TCG Encryption
& FIPs Certified
800GB
2.5" SAS HE
Ultrastar
SSD800MH.B
HUSMH8040BSS200
Crypto Enabled
400GB
2.5" SAS HE
Ultrastar
SSD800MH.B
HUSMH8040BSS201
TCG Encryption
400GB
2.5" SAS HE
Ultrastar
SSD800MH.B
HUSMH8040BSS204
Crypto Disabled
400GB
2.5" SAS HE
Ultrastar
SSD800MH.B
HUSMH8040BSS205
TCG Encryption
& FIPs Certified
400GB
2.5" SAS HE
Ultrastar
SSD800MH.B
HUSMH8020BSS200
Crypto Enabled
200GB
2.5" SAS HE
Ultrastar
SSD800MH.B
HUSMH8020BSS201
TCG Encryption
200GB
2.5" SAS HE
Ultrastar
SSD800MH.B
HUSMH8020BSS204
Crypto Disabled
200GB
2.5" SAS HE
Ultrastar
SSD800MH.B
HUSMH8020BSS205
TCG Encryption
& FIPs Certified
200GB
2.5" SAS HE
Ultrastar
SSD800MH.B
HUSMH8010BSS200
Crypto Enabled
100GB
2.5" SAS HE
Ultrastar
SSD800MH.B
HUSMH8010BSS201
TCG Encryption
100GB
2.5" SAS HE
Ultrastar
SSD800MH.B
HUSMH8010BSS204
Crypto Disabled
100GB
2.5" SAS HE
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
18
Device
Name
Model
Name
Encryption
Model
Capacity
(GB)
Interface
Ultrastar
SSD800MH.B
HUSMH8010BSS205
TCG Encryption
& FIPs Certified
100GB
2.5" SAS HE
Ultrastar
SSD1600MM
HUSMM1616ASS200
Crypto Enabled
1600GB
2.5" SAS ME
Ultrastar
SSD1600MM
HUSMM1616ASS201
TCG Encryption
1600GB
2.5" SAS ME
Ultrastar
SSD1600MM
HUSMM1616ASS204
Crypto Disabled
1600GB
2.5" SAS ME
Ultrastar
SSD1600MM
HUSMM1616ASS205
TCG Encryption
& FIPs Certified
1600GB
2.5" SAS ME
Ultrastar
SSD1600MM
HUSMM1680ASS200
Crypto Enabled
800GB
2.5" SAS ME
Ultrastar
SSD1600MM
HUSMM1680ASS201
TCG Encryption
800GB
2.5" SAS ME
Ultrastar
SSD1600MM
HUSMM1680ASS204
Crypto Disabled
800GB
2.5" SAS ME
Ultrastar
SSD1600MM
HUSMM1680ASS205
TCG Encryption
& FIPs Certified
800GB
2.5" SAS ME
Ultrastar
SSD1600MM
HUSMM1640ASS200
Crypto Enabled
400GB
2.5" SAS ME
Ultrastar
SSD1600MM
HUSMM1640ASS201
TCG Encryption
400GB
2.5" SAS ME
Ultrastar
SSD1600MM
HUSMM1640ASS204
Crypto Disabled
400GB
2.5" SAS ME
Ultrastar
SSD1600MM
HUSMM1640ASS205
TCG Encryption
& FIPs Certified
400GB
2.5" SAS ME
Ultrastar
SSD1600MM
HUSMM1620ASS200
Crypto Enabled
200GB
2.5" SAS ME
Ultrastar
SSD1600MM
HUSMM1620ASS201
TCG Encryption
200GB
2.5" SAS ME
Ultrastar
SSD1600MM
HUSMM1620ASS204
Crypto Disabled
200GB
2.5" SAS ME
Ultrastar
SSD1600MM
HUSMM1620ASS205
TCG Encryption
& FIPs Certified
200GB
2.5" SAS ME
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
19
Device
Name
Model
Name
Encryption
Model
Capacity
(GB)
Interface
Ultrastar
SSD1600MR
HUSMR1616ASS200
Crypto Enabled
1600GB
2.5" SAS RI
Ultrastar
SSD1600MR
HUSMR1616ASS201
TCG Encryption
1600GB
2.5" SAS RI
Ultrastar
SSD1600MR
HUSMR1616ASS204
Crypto Disabled
1600GB
2.5" SAS RI
Ultrastar
SSD1600MR
HUSMR1616ASS205
TCG Encryption
& FIPs Certified
1600GB
2.5" SAS RI
Ultrastar
SSD1600MR
HUSMR1610ASS200
Crypto Enabled
1000GB
2.5" SAS RI
Ultrastar
SSD1600MR
HUSMR1610ASS201
TCG Encryption
1000GB
2.5" SAS RI
Ultrastar
SSD1600MR
HUSMR1610ASS204
Crypto Disabled
1000GB
2.5" SAS RI
Ultrastar
SSD1600MR
HUSMR1610ASS205
TCG Encryption
& FIPs Certified
1000GB
2.5" SAS RI
Ultrastar
SSD1600MR
HUSMR1680ASS200
Crypto Enabled
800GB
2.5" SAS RI
Ultrastar
SSD1600MR
HUSMR1680ASS201
TCG Encryption
800GB
2.5" SAS RI
Ultrastar
SSD1600MR
HUSMR1680ASS204
Crypto Disabled
800GB
2.5" SAS RI
Ultrastar
SSD1600MR
HUSMR1680ASS205
TCG Encryption
& FIPs Certified
800GB
2.5" SAS RI
Ultrastar
SSD1600MR
HUSMR1650ASS200
Crypto Enabled
500GB
2.5" SAS RI
Ultrastar
SSD1600MR
HUSMR1650ASS201
TCG Encryption
500GB
2.5" SAS RI
Ultrastar
SSD1600MR
HUSMR1650ASS204
Crypto Disabled
500GB
2.5" SAS RI
Ultrastar
SSD1600MR
HUSMR1650ASS205
TCG Encryption
& FIPs Certified
500GB
2.5" SAS RI
Ultrastar
SSD1600MR
HUSMR1640ASS200
Crypto Enabled
400GB
2.5" SAS RI
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
20
Device
Name
Model
Name
Encryption
Model
Capacity
(GB)
Interface
Ultrastar
SSD1600MR
HUSMR1640ASS201
TCG Encryption
400GB
2.5" SAS RI
Ultrastar
SSD1600MR
HUSMR1640ASS204
Crypto Disabled
400GB
2.5" SAS RI
Ultrastar
SSD1600MR
HUSMR1640ASS205
TCG Encryption
& FIPs Certified
400GB
2.5" SAS RI
Ultrastar
SSD1600MR
HUSMR1625ASS200
Crypto Enabled
250GB
2.5" SAS RI
Ultrastar
SSD1600MR
HUSMR1625ASS201
TCG Encryption
250GB
2.5" SAS RI
Ultrastar
SSD1600MR
HUSMR1625ASS204
Crypto Disabled
250GB
2.5" SAS RI
Ultrastar
SSD1600MR
HUSMR1625ASS205
TCG Encryption
& FIPs Certified
250GB
2.5" SAS RI
Note: See the following table for Drive Writes per Day for each Product Family.
Model
Family
Drive Writes per Day
HE
High Endurance
25 Drive Writes per Day
ME
Mainstream Endurance
10 Drive Writes per Day
RI
Read Intensive
2 Drive Writes per Day
Note: The specifications in this document are subject to change without notice.
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
21
1.2
Glossary
Word
Meaning
BMS
Background Media Scan
GB
Gigabyte = 1,000,000,000 bytes
Kb
Kilobit = 1000 bits
KB
Kilobyte = 1000 bytes
Mb
Megabit = 1,000,000 bits
MB
Megabyte = 1,000,000 bytes
SAS
Serial Attached SCSI
SED
Self-Encrypting Drive
SFF
Small Form Factor
SMART
Self-Monitoring and Reporting Technology
SSD
Solid State Drive
1.3
Caution - Electrostatic Discharge
This drive can be damaged by ESD (Electrostatic Discharge). Any damage incurred to the drive after its removal
from the shipping package and the ESD protective bag are the responsibility of the user.
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
22
1.4
Document Conventions
1.5
Byte Ordering Conventions
In this specification, where it is not explicitly stated, all multi-byte values are stored with the most
significant byte first. For example, in a 4 byte field, byte 0 will contain the MSB and byte 3 the LSB. A
sample table is shown below:
Table 2: Byte Ordering Conventions
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Defect List Header
0
1
1 byte Field
Bit 7
Bits 6-4 of byte 1
Bits 3-0 of byte 1
MSB
2 byte field
2-3
LSB
MSB
4-7
3 or more byte field
LSB
All fields marked 'Reserved' are expected to be 0 as inputs/requests to the drive, and will be 0 as outputs/responses
from the drive. To allow for future expansion, user code should avoid dependencies on Reserved fields.
All fields marked 'Obsolete' or 'Ignored' will not be processed/examined by the drive. It is recommended that these
be treated as Reserved fields.
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
23
2 Features
























Storage Capacities of 1600GB, 1000BG, 800GB, 500GB, 400GB, 250GB, 200GB, and 100GB
6 Gbps and 12 Gbps SAS-3 Interface
Supports Dual-Ported Operations
Supports Full Duplex Operations
Variable Sector Sizes: 512B, 520B, 528B, 4096B, 4160B and 4224B
Pin 3 Disable
Ready LED Signaling
Tagged Command Queuing Support
Automatic Read/Write Data Transfer
Adaptive Read-Ahead Algorithm
Write Cache via PLI Protection.
XOR Function
ECC On-The-Fly Correction
Automatic Defect reallocation
Self-Diagnostics at Power On
MLC NAND Flash
SMART
ANSI T10 Protection Information (End-to-End)
TCG Revert
FIPS 140-2 Level 2 Compliant Models
Sanitize (Block Erase, Crypto Erase)
UNMAP
Fast Format
High Endurance, Mainstream Endurance and Read Intensive models
3 Control Electronics
The drive is electronically controlled by a microprocessor, logic modules, digital/analog modules and various
drivers and receivers. The control electronics perform the following major functions:

Monitors incoming power to insure safe writes.

Provides temporary back-up power in the event of a power loss.

Maintains data integrity through CRC, ECC and Power Loss Imminent detection.
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
24
4 Drive Characteristics
4.1
Formatted Capacity
Table 3: Formatted Capacities are Listed in Blocks
Description
Label
Capacity
Encryption
Model
Default
Capacity
Maximum
Soft Capacity
HUSMH8080BSS200
800
Crypto Enabled
1,562,824,368
(5D26CEB0h)
2,344,225,968
(8BBA0CB0h)
HUSMH8080BSS201
800
TCG Encryption
1,562,824,368
(5D26CEB0h)
2,344,225,968
(8BBA0CB0h)
HUSMH8080BSS204
800
Crypto Disabled
1,562,824,368
(5D26CEB0h)
2,344,225,968
(8BBA0CB0h)
HUSMH8080BSS205
800
TCG Encryption &
FIPS Certified
1,562,824,368
(5D26CEB0h)
2,344,225,968
(8BBA0CB0h)
HUSMH8040BSS200
400
Crypto Enabled
781,422,768
(2E9390B0h)
1,172,123,568
(45DD2FB0h)
HUSMH8040BSS201
400
TCG Encryption
781,422,768
(2E9390B0h)
1,172,123,568
(45DD2FB0h)
HUSMH8040BSS204
400
Crypto Disabled
781,422,768
(2E9390B0h)
1,172,123,568
(45DD2FB0h)
HUSMH8040BSS205
400
TCG Encryption &
FIPS Certified
781,422,768
(2E9390B0h)
1,172,123,568
(45DD2FB0h)
HUSMH8020BSS200
200
Crypto Enabled
390,721,968
(1749F1B0h)
586,072,368
(22EEC130h)
HUSMH8020BSS201
200
TCG Encryption
390,721,968
(1749F1B0h)
586,072,368
(22EEC130h)
HUSMH8020BSS204
200
Crypto Disabled
390,721,968
(1749F1B0h)
586,072,368
(22EEC130h)
HUSMH8020BSS205
200
TCG Encryption &
FIPS Certified
390,721,968
(1749F1B0h)
586,072,368
(22EEC130h)
HUSMH8010BSS200
100
Crypto Enabled
195,371,568
(BA52230h)
293,046,768
(117789F0h)
HUSMH8010BSS201
100
TCG Encryption
195,371,568
(BA52230h)
293,046,768
(117789F0h)
HUSMH8010BSS204
100
Crypto Disabled
195,371,568
(BA52230h)
293,046,768
(117789F0h)
HUSMH8010BSS205
100
TCG Encryption &
FIPS Certified
195,371,568
(BA52230h)
293,046,768
(117789F0h)
HUSMM1616ASS200
1600
Crypto Enabled
3125627568
(BA4D4AB0h)
3125627568
(BA4D4AB0h)
HUSMM1616ASS201
1600
TCG Encryption
3125627568
(BA4D4AB0h)
3125627568
(BA4D4AB0h)
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
25
Description
Label
Capacity
Encryption
Model
Default
Capacity
Maximum
Soft Capacity
HUSMM1616ASS204
1600
Crypto Disabled
3125627568
(BA4D4AB0h)
3125627568
(BA4D4AB0h)
HUSMM1616ASS205
1600
TCG Encryption &
FIPS Certified
3125627568
(BA4D4AB0h)
3125627568
(BA4D4AB0h)
HUSMM1680ASS200
800
Crypto Enabled
1,562,824,368
(5D26CEB0h)
1,953,525,168
(74706DB0h)
HUSMM1680ASS201
800
TCG Encryption
1,562,824,368
(5D26CEB0h)
1,953,525,168
(74706DB0h)
HUSMM1680ASS204
800
Crypto Disabled
1,562,824,368
(5D26CEB0h)
1,953,525,168
(74706DB0h)
HUSMM1680ASS205
800
TCG Encryption &
FIPS Certified
1,562,824,368
(5D26CEB0h)
1,953,525,168
(74706DB0h)
HUSMM1640ASS200
400
Crypto Enabled
781,422,768
(2E9390B0h)
976,773,168
(3A386030h)
HUSMM1640ASS201
400
TCG Encryption
781,422,768
(2E9390B0h)
976,773,168
(3A386030h)
HUSMM1640ASS204
400
Crypto Disabled
781,422,768
(2E9390B0h)
976,773,168
(3A386030h)
HUSMM1640ASS205
400
TCG Encryption &
FIPS Certified
781,422,768
(2E9390B0h)
976,773,168
(3A386030h)
HUSMM1620ASS200
200
Crypto Enabled
390,721,968
(1749F1B0h)
488,397,168
(1D1C5970h)
HUSMM1620ASS201
200
TCG Encryption
390,721,968
(1749F1B0h)
488,397,168
(1D1C5970h)
HUSMM1620ASS204
200
Crypto Disabled
390,721,968
(1749F1B0h)
488,397,168
(1D1C5970h)
HUSMM1620ASS205
200
TCG Encryption &
FIPS Certified
390,721,968
(1749F1B0h)
488,397,168
(1D1C5970h)
HUSMR1616ASS200
1600
Crypto Enabled
3125627568
(BA4D4AB0h)
3125627568
(BA4D4AB0h)
HUSMR1616ASS201
1600
TCG Encryption
3125627568
(BA4D4AB0h)
3125627568
(BA4D4AB0h)
HUSMR1616ASS204
1600
Crypto Disabled
3125627568
(BA4D4AB0h)
3125627568
(BA4D4AB0h)
HUSMR1616ASS205
1600
TCG Encryption &
FIPS Certified
3125627568
(BA4D4AB0h)
3125627568
(BA4D4AB0h)
HUSMR1610ASS200
1000
Crypto Enabled
1,953,525,168
(74706DB0h)
1,953,525,168
(74706DB0h)
HUSMR1610ASS201
1000
TCG Encryption
1,953,525,168
(74706DB0h)
1,953,525,168
(74706DB0h)
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
26
Description
Label
Capacity
Encryption
Model
Default
Capacity
Maximum
Soft Capacity
HUSMR1610ASS204
1000
Crypto Disabled
1,953,525,168
(74706DB0h)
1,953,525,168
(74706DB0h)
HUSMR1610ASS205
1000
TCG Encryption &
FIPS Certified
1,953,525,168
(74706DB0h)
1,953,525,168
(74706DB0h)
HUSMR1680ASS200
800
Crypto Enabled
1,562,824,368
(5D26CEB0h)
1,562,824,368
(5D26CEB0h)
HUSMR1680ASS201
800
TCG Encryption
1,562,824,368
(5D26CEB0h)
1,562,824,368
(5D26CEB0h)
HUSMR1680ASS204
800
Crypto Disabled
1,562,824,368
(5D26CEB0h)
1,562,824,368
(5D26CEB0h)
HUSMR1680ASS205
800
TCG Encryption &
FIPS Certified
1,562,824,368
(5D26CEB0h)
1,562,824,368
(5D26CEB0h)
HUSMR1650ASS200
500
Crypto Enabled
976,773,168
(3A386030h)
976,773,168
(3A386030h)
HUSMR1650ASS201
500
TCG Encryption
976,773,168
(3A386030h)
976,773,168
(3A386030h)
HUSMR1650ASS204
500
Crypto Disabled
976,773,168
(3A386030h)
976,773,168
(3A386030h)
HUSMR1650ASS205
500
TCG Encryption &
FIPS Certified
976,773,168
(3A386030h)
976,773,168
(3A386030h)
HUSMR1640ASS200
400
Crypto Enabled
781,422,768
(2E9390B0h)
781,422,768
(2E9390B0h)
HUSMR1640ASS201
400
TCG Encryption
781,422,768
(2E9390B0h)
781,422,768
(2E9390B0h)
HUSMR1640ASS204
400
Crypto Disabled
781,422,768
(2E9390B0h)
781,422,768
(2E9390B0h)
HUSMR1640ASS205
400
TCG Encryption &
FIPS Certified
781,422,768
(2E9390B0h)
781,422,768
(2E9390B0h)
HUSMR1625ASS200
250
Crypto Enabled
488,397,168
(1D1C5970h)
488,397,168
(1D1C5970h)
HUSMR1625ASS201
250
TCG Encryption
488,397,168
(1D1C5970h)
488,397,168
(1D1C5970h)
HUSMR1625ASS204
250
Crypto Disabled
488,397,168
(1D1C5970h)
488,397,168
(1D1C5970h)
HUSMR1625ASS205
250
TCG Encryption &
FIPS Certified
488,397,168
(1D1C5970h)
488,397,168
(1D1C5970h)
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
27
Notes:
1.
Default Capacity refers to what a drive will format to using 0xFFFFFFFF for requested number of blocks
in a mode select block descriptor.
2.
Soft Capacity allows a user to trade off drive endurance for capacity, by requesting the desired number of
blocks up to the limit listed above in a mode select block descriptor.
3.
Soft Capacity is configured to be the default on the read intensive drive models ("HUSMR10...").
4.
Refer to section 16.10.1.2 Block Descriptor and section 16.4 FORMAT UNIT for details.
4.2
Datasheet
Table 4: Datasheet
Host Interface Transfer Rate
6.0Gbps and 12.0 Gbps SAS
Flash Media
20nm Multi-Level Cell (MLC) NAND
SDRAM Size
512 MB (all 200GB drives)
1024MB (all 400GB drives, 800GB RI)
2048MB (800GB ME/HE and above)
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
28
4.3
Inquiry Information
4.4
Product ID
Product ID in Section 16.4.2, “Inquiry Data - EVPD = 0, Page Code = 00h - Standard Inquiry Data Page” is as
follows:
Table 5: Product ID in Inquiry Command World Wide ID - Block Assignment
Description
Label Capacity
Encryption Model
Endurance Level
HUSMH8080BSS200
800
Crypto Enabled
HE
HUSMH8080BSS201
800
TCG Encryption
HE
HUSMH8080BSS204
800
Crypto Disabled
HE
HUSMH8080BSS205
800
TCG Encryption
& FIPS Certified
HE
HUSMH8040BSS200
400
Crypto Enabled
HE
HUSMH8040BSS201
400
TCG Encryption
HE
HUSMH8040BSS204
400
Crypto Disabled
HE
HUSMH8040BSS205
400
TCG Encryption
& FIPS Certified
HE
HUSMH8020BSS200
200
Crypto Enabled
HE
HUSMH8020BSS201
200
TCG Encryption
HE
HUSMH8020BSS204
200
Crypto Disabled
HE
HUSMH8020BSS205
200
TCG Encryption
& FIPS Certified
HE
HUSMH8010BSS200
100
Crypto Enabled
HE
HUSMH8010BSS201
100
TCG Encryption
HE
HUSMH8010BSS204
100
Crypto Disabled
HE
HUSMH8010BSS205
100
TCG Encryption
& FIPS Certified
HE
HUSMM1616ASS200
1600
Crypto Enabled
ME
HUSMM1616ASS201
1600
TCG Encryption
ME
HUSMM1616ASS204
1600
Crypto Disabled
ME
HUSMM1616ASS205
1600
TCG Encryption
& FIPS Certified
ME
HUSMM1680ASS200
800
Crypto Enabled
ME
HUSMM1680ASS201
800
TCG Encryption
ME
HUSMM1680ASS204
800
Crypto Disabled
ME
HUSMM1680ASS205
800
TCG Encryption
& FIPS Certified
ME
HUSMM1640ASS200
400
Crypto Enabled
ME
HUSMM1640ASS201
400
TCG Encryption
ME
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
29
Description
Label Capacity
Encryption Model
Endurance Level
HUSMM1640ASS204
400
Crypto Disabled
ME
HUSMM1640ASS205
400
TCG Encryption
& FIPS Certified
ME
HUSMM1620ASS200
200
Crypto Enabled
ME
HUSMM1620ASS201
200
TCG Encryption
ME
HUSMM1620ASS204
200
Crypto Disabled
ME
HUSMM1620ASS205
200
TCG Encryption
& FIPS Certified
ME
HUSMR1616ASS200
1600
Crypto Enabled
RI
HUSMR1616ASS201
1600
TCG Encryption
RI
HUSMR1616ASS204
1600
Crypto Disabled
RI
HUSMR1616ASS205
1600
TCG Encryption
& FIPS Certified
RI
HUSMR1610ASS200
1000
Crypto Enabled
RI
HUSMR1610ASS201
1000
TCG Encryption
RI
HUSMR1610ASS204
1000
Crypto Disabled
RI
HUSMR1610ASS205
1000
TCG Encryption
& FIPS Certified
RI
HUSMR1680ASS200
800
Crypto Enabled
RI
HUSMR1680ASS201
800
TCG Encryption
RI
HUSMR1680ASS204
800
Crypto Disabled
RI
HUSMR1680ASS205
800
TCG Encryption
& FIPS Certified
RI
HUSMR1650ASS200
500
Crypto Enabled
RI
HUSMR1650ASS201
500
TCG Encryption
RI
HUSMR1650ASS204
500
Crypto Disabled
RI
HUSMR1650ASS205
500
TCG Encryption
& FIPS Certified
RI
HUSMR1640ASS200
400
Crypto Enabled
RI
HUSMR1640ASS201
400
TCG Encryption
RI
HUSMR1640ASS204
400
Crypto Disabled
RI
HUSMR1640ASS205
400
TCG Encryption
& FIPS Certified
RI
HUSMR1625ASS200
250
Crypto Enabled
RI
HUSMR1625ASS201
250
TCG Encryption
RI
HUSMR1625ASS204
250
Crypto Disabled
RI
HUSMR1625ASS205
250
TCG Encryption
& FIPS Certified
RI
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
30
Block Assignment of World Wide ID is as follows:
Table 6: Block Assignment of World Wide ID in INQUIRY Command
Manufacturing Site
Product
Block Assignment*
HUSMH8080BSS201
001h
HUSMH8040BSS201
001h
HUSMH8020BSS201
001h
HUSMM1616ASS201
001h
HUSMM1680ASS201
001h
HUSMM1640ASS201
001h
HUSMM1620ASS201
001h
HUSMR1616ASS201
001h
HUSMR1610ASS201
001h
HUSMR1680ASS201
001h
HUSMR1650ASS201
001h
HUSMR1640ASS201
001h
China
Note: *Block Assignment. Additional block assignments will be issued as needed according to actual production
volume.
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
31
4.5
Performance Characteristics
Drive performance is characterized by the following parameters:

Command overhead

Data transfer speed

Buffering operation (read ahead/write cache)
Note: All the above parameters contribute to drive performance. There are other parameters that contribute to the
performance of the actual system. This specification tries to define the basic drive characteristics, not system
throughput, which depends on the system and the application.
4.5.1
Drive Ready Time
Table 7: Drive Ready Time
Model
< 10 seconds to Data Ops , < 1 second to Interface Response
All Models
Notes:
1.
Power On To Drive Ready Time assumes proper shutdown. The Drive Ready Time varies if the previous
shutdown was not preceded by a non-immediate START STOP UNIT command (START=0 and
IMMED=0).
2.
For an Unsafe Power Cycle, the max Power On To Drive Ready Time will vary based on the drive model;
30 sec max (1600GB ME/RI), 15 sec max (all HEs), 10 sec max (other SKUs).
4.5.2
SSD Command Overhead
Table 8: SSD Command Overhead
Model
All Models
4.5.3
45µsec
SSD Response Time
Table 9: SSD Response Time
Model
Typical (Seconds)
Maximum (Seconds)
All Models
100µsec
20ms
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
32
4.5.4
Data Transfer Speeds
The drive can sustain performance up to the values as listed in the following table.
Table 10: 6Gbps Single Port 9W Mode, HE
HE
* QD is QD at the Drive
100G
200G
400G
800G
Access Type
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Sequential Write 128KB, Aligned, QD=32
395
515
515
515
Sequential Read 128KB, Aligned, QD=32
535
535
535
535
Sequential Write 4KB, Aligned, QD=32
275
280
280
275
Sequential Read 4KB, Aligned, QD=32
420
425
425
425
Sequential Write 0.5KB, Aligned, QD=32
64
64
64
66
Sequential Read 0.5KB, Aligned, QD=32
58
58
58
58
IOps
IOps
IOps
IOps
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
63700
71300
71600
71000
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
63800
71500
71700
71100
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
63300
71400
71700
71100
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
63500
71500
71900
71200
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
53200
68700
79600
75700
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
71400
86500
92100
90600
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
78000
89800
92800
91900
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
78300
89800
92800
91900
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
101900
104900
105400
100800
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
108600
108400
108600
108500
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
108500
108700
108700
108500
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
108500
108800
108600
108800
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
32500
43100
43500
42100
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
32300
43400
44000
42800
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
32400
43500
44400
43500
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
32400
43700
45200
44900
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
33
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
36000
46000
51800
50200
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
43000
51700
54500
53900
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
45200
52700
54600
54100
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
45300
52700
54600
54200
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
60700
60900
60900
60800
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
60900
60700
60900
60900
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
60900
61000
60900
60900
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
60700
61000
61000
60900
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
4160
6420
7480
7020
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
4160
6380
7480
7000
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
4160
6380
7480
7000
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
4160
6380
7480
7000
Random 50% Read / 50% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
5400
7020
7880
7700
Random 50% Read / 50% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
5400
7040
7880
7700
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
6120
7440
8080
7920
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
6140
7480
8080
7940
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
6200
7520
8100
7960
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
6220
7540
8100
7960
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
8520
8520
8520
8500
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
8520
8520
8520
8520
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
8500
8520
8520
8520
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
8480
8500
8520
8500
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
34
Table 11: 6Gbps Single Port 9W Mode, ME
ME
* QD is QD at the Drive
200G
400G
800G
1600G
Access Type
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Sequential Write 128KB, Aligned, QD=32
480
515
510
515
Sequential Read 128KB, Aligned, QD=32
535
535
535
535
Sequential Write 4KB, Aligned, QD=32
280
280
280
280
Sequential Read 4KB, Aligned, QD=32
425
425
425
425
Sequential Write 0.5KB, Aligned, QD=32
66
64
64
64
Sequential Read 0.5KB, Aligned, QD=32
58
58
58
58
IOps
IOps
IOps
IOps
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
51000
63300
62900
68500
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
50600
63300
62600
68100
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
50500
63200
62100
67800
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
50300
63100
62300
67600
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
51000
64100
62700
72700
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
66400
79100
78400
86700
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
68900
81600
80900
88400
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
68900
81600
81100
88300
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
101300
105400
97900
99700
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
108600
108500
108800
108500
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
108700
108700
108500
108300
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
108600
107700
107500
108300
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
25300
33400
33200
34300
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
25400
33300
33300
34300
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
25400
33300
33200
34600
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
25400
33200
33300
34700
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
34300
42800
42300
48700
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
38400
47000
46800
51900
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
35
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
39700
47900
48000
52100
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
39700
48000
48000
52200
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
60900
60900
60700
60500
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
60900
60900
60600
60900
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
60900
61000
60900
60900
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
61000
60900
60900
60900
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
3200
4260
4280
4320
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
3180
4260
4300
4340
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
3200
4260
4300
4340
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
3180
4260
4260
4340
Random 50% Read / 50% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
4340
5500
5720
6500
Random 50% Read / 50% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
4380
5560
5760
6520
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
5360
6600
6660
7480
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
5480
6640
6720
7500
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
5540
6700
6760
7520
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
5540
6700
6780
7540
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
8520
8500
8500
8520
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
8520
8520
8520
8500
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
8500
8520
8500
8500
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
8520
8520
8480
8520
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
36
Table 12: 6Gbps Single Port 9W Mode, RI and Soft RI
RI
Soft RI
400G
800G
1600G
250G
500G
1000G
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Sequential Write 128KB, Aligned, QD=32
515
510
515
480
515
510
Sequential Read 128KB, Aligned, QD=32
535
535
535
535
535
535
Sequential Write 4KB, Aligned, QD=32
275
280
280
275
275
275
Sequential Read 4KB, Aligned, QD=32
425
420
420
425
425
425
Sequential Write 0.5KB, Aligned, QD=32
64
64
66
64
64
64
Sequential Read 0.5KB, Aligned, QD=32
58
58
58
58
58
58
IOps
IOps
IOps
IOps
IOps
IOps
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
19900
20400
19000
15300
21900
30900
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
19900
20400
19200
15200
21900
30800
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
19900
20400
18900
15200
22000
30700
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
19900
20400
19000
15200
21800
30100
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
40400
39900
42900
32300
44200
48700
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
43300
44100
44400
34900
47600
57400
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
44200
45100
44400
35900
48000
58600
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
44300
45100
44100
35600
48200
58700
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
104700
96600
101400
103400
105000
100300
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
107900
108700
107700
106600
108700
107200
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
108700
108600
107800
108700
108400
108300
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
107600
107300
108100
108700
108700
108600
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
10000
10300
9600
7700
11000
15500
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
10000
10300
9600
7700
11000
15300
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
10000
10300
9500
7700
11000
15300
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
10000
10300
9600
7700
11000
15500
Access Type
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
37
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
23100
23400
23900
18200
25400
30500
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
23500
23800
23700
18800
25800
32000
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
23800
23900
24000
19000
25800
32400
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
23700
23800
23900
18500
26000
32300
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
60900
59800
60900
60900
60700
60500
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
60800
60900
60600
60900
60900
60800
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
61000
60500
60800
60700
60800
60800
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
60600
60800
60800
60800
60700
60700
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
1260
1300
1200
960
1380
1940
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
1260
1280
1200
960
1380
1940
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
1260
1300
1200
960
1380
1960
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
1260
1280
1200
960
1380
1940
Random 50% Read / 50% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
2120
2140
2120
1640
2320
3120
Random 50% Read / 50% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
2160
2200
2180
1680
2380
3160
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
3100
3100
3200
2400
3380
4280
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
3100
3100
3180
2440
3400
4280
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
3120
3120
3220
2440
3400
4360
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
3120
3100
3240
2420
3420
4320
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
8500
8480
8500
8520
8460
8480
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
8480
8440
8480
8380
8500
8500
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
8500
8520
8480
8520
8480
8460
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
8460
8400
8500
8520
8480
8520
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
38
Table 13: 6Gbps Dual Port 9W Mode, HE
HE
* QD is QD at the Drive
100G
200G
400G
800G
Access Type
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Sequential Write 128KB, Aligned, QD=32
410
655
655
575
Sequential Read 128KB, Aligned, QD=32
905
990
950
955
Sequential Write 4KB, Aligned, QD=32
400
540
550
540
Sequential Read 4KB, Aligned, QD=32
485
500
500
490
Sequential Write 0.5KB, Aligned, QD=32
60
64
66
64
Sequential Read 0.5KB, Aligned, QD=32
60
62
60
60
IOps
IOps
IOps
IOps
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
65200
97700
110800
104800
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
64700
97400
109800
104000
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
64600
96600
109800
104000
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
64600
97000
110000
104100
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
53800
70700
83200
78300
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
74400
95600
109900
104200
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
82800
99700
111300
106500
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
82300
98200
109500
104500
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
98500
100000
100600
96800
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
123300
124900
124200
119200
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
125200
129900
132500
129800
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
122800
128100
129500
128000
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
32600
51000
60200
55300
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
32600
50800
60000
55300
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
32700
50800
60100
55300
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
32700
50800
60000
55300
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
37100
49700
60000
56300
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
46800
60700
72100
68000
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
50300
63900
74200
70500
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
50400
63500
73700
70000
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
79000
80700
81600
78800
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
105200
108000
108000
107000
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
39
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
101400
103300
105800
105200
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
100800
103300
103700
103400
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
4180
6540
7880
7140
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
4180
6520
7880
7160
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
4180
6540
7860
7160
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
4180
6540
7880
7160
Random 50% Read / 50% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
5640
7740
9420
8960
Random 50% Read / 50% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
5640
7760
9440
8960
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
6660
8820
10480
9960
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
6700
8840
10440
9920
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
6660
8820
10400
9900
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
6660
8800
10420
9900
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
14500
15020
15100
15060
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
14180
15040
15160
14340
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
14420
14940
15140
14740
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
14420
15020
14720
15000
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
40
Table 14: 6Gbps Dual Port 9W Mode, ME
ME
* QD is QD at the Drive
200G
400G
800G
1600G
Access Type
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Sequential Write 128KB, Aligned, QD=32
515
690
555
545
Sequential Read 128KB, Aligned, QD=32
920
950
1000
945
Sequential Write 4KB, Aligned, QD=32
485
545
525
540
Sequential Read 4KB, Aligned, QD=32
495
495
495
490
Sequential Write 0.5KB, Aligned, QD=32
66
68
66
66
Sequential Read 0.5KB, Aligned, QD=32
60
60
60
60
IOps
IOps
IOps
IOps
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
50600
65100
66900
68800
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
50200
64300
67300
68500
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
50200
64400
67100
68700
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
50100
64300
67000
68600
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
51300
65000
63300
74200
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
67400
81800
81100
91700
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
70500
85300
85100
93500
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
70100
84200
84100
92100
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
99100
100200
97000
96800
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
123300
124100
122000
121800
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
128300
130100
126800
129300
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
121100
128500
126300
127200
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
25300
33600
34500
34500
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
25300
33500
34500
34600
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
25200
33300
34400
34400
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
25300
33500
34400
34500
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
35100
44400
43900
52100
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
39900
50500
50800
57600
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
41900
51700
52800
58500
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
41800
51500
52700
58300
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
79000
81000
78400
78400
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
104000
106400
104900
104400
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
41
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
101400
102700
99900
101100
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
100100
100100
103100
99400
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
3200
4280
4320
4320
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
3200
4260
4300
4320
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
3220
4280
4320
4320
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
3200
4260
4300
4360
Random 50% Read / 50% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
4400
5620
5860
6760
Random 50% Read / 50% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
4460
5680
5900
6760
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
5620
7040
7160
8280
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
5640
7060
7200
8300
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
5640
7060
7200
8280
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
5640
7080
7200
8280
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
14500
15120
14260
14660
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
14440
15040
15120
14480
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
14440
14780
14880
14140
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
13740
14120
14280
14140
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
42
Table 15: 6Gbps Dual Port 9W Mode, RI and Soft RI
RI
Soft RI
400G
800G
1600G
250G
500G
1000G
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Sequential Write 128KB, Aligned, QD=32
690
625
575
515
690
555
Sequential Read 128KB, Aligned, QD=32
935
920
945
960
950
940
Sequential Write 4KB, Aligned, QD=32
545
540
540
485
545
530
Sequential Read 4KB, Aligned, QD=32
495
490
490
495
495
495
Sequential Write 0.5KB, Aligned, QD=32
62
68
64
64
66
66
Sequential Read 0.5KB, Aligned, QD=32
60
60
60
60
60
60
IOps
IOps
IOps
IOps
IOps
IOps
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
20000
20600
19100
15600
22000
31200
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
20100
20500
19100
15600
21900
30800
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
19900
20600
18900
15400
21800
31100
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
19800
20400
19100
15500
21900
30900
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
40500
39800
42700
32200
44100
48900
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
43600
44400
45000
35100
47600
57300
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
44000
45100
44400
35700
48000
58900
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
44100
44800
43600
35700
47800
58500
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
97900
93900
95200
98800
100000
94200
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
124200 122400 121400 122400 122000 122500
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
129300 124600 129100 128300 128900 128100
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
124200 119900 125800 126500 129800 124900
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
10100
10300
9600
7700
11100
15600
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
10100
10300
9600
7800
11100
15500
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
10000
10400
9700
7700
11100
15500
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
10100
10300
9600
7800
11100
15600
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
23100
23300
23900
18400
25600
31000
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
23700
23800
24000
18600
25900
32400
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
23900
24000
24000
18800
26000
32600
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
23800
24000
23900
18900
25900
32600
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
78000
77000
75900
78200
80100
77900
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
100800
98800
99400
99500
100900 102400
Access Type
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
43
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
96100
94200
96200
93900
97800
98200
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
94100
94700
94100
93300
94300
95500
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
1260
1280
1180
960
1380
1960
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
1260
1300
1200
960
1380
1960
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
1260
1300
1200
980
1380
1960
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
1260
1280
1180
960
1380
1960
Random 50% Read / 50% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
2120
2160
2120
1620
2320
3100
Random 50% Read / 50% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
2160
2180
2160
1680
2360
3120
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
3080
3060
3160
2420
3340
4260
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
3080
3080
3180
2420
3380
4280
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
3080
3100
3180
2420
3380
4280
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
3100
3080
3160
2420
3360
4300
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
14480
14000
14880
14560
14460
14840
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
15060
14840
14300
13520
15340
14800
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
14920
13880
14580
14420
15180
14340
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
14760
14580
14280
14580
14300
14320
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
44
Table 16: 12Gbps Single Port 9W Mode, HE
HE
* QD is QD at the Drive
100G
200G
400G
800G
Access Type
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Sequential Write 128KB, Aligned, QD=32
410
660
650
575
Sequential Read 128KB, Aligned, QD=32
1000
1000
1000
1000
Sequential Write 4KB, Aligned, QD=32
380
410
415
410
Sequential Read 4KB, Aligned, QD=32
480
485
485
475
Sequential Write 0.5KB, Aligned, QD=32
64
66
66
66
Sequential Read 0.5KB, Aligned, QD=32
58
58
58
58
IOps
IOps
IOps
IOps
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
65900
95500
104000
101900
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
65500
95000
104500
101900
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
65400
94200
104100
101600
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
65300
94800
104300
101700
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
55000
72200
85300
79900
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
75200
96500
110600
105200
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
83700
100200
111700
106400
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
83700
100700
112000
106400
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
100000
100800
101700
98800
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
126000
128600
128300
125500
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
127500
132900
132500
131000
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
125600
131800
133600
129000
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
33100
51000
60000
55000
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
33100
50800
59800
55000
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
33100
50900
59700
54900
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
33000
50800
59800
55000
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
37900
50900
61400
57600
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
47300
61100
72400
68100
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
50900
64200
74200
70500
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
50900
64000
74200
70400
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
82200
84500
84400
82200
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
106900
107200
107200
105100
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
45
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
103100
105500
105900
101800
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
102200
106100
105900
106000
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
4220
6600
7920
7200
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
4220
6560
7940
7180
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
4220
6580
7940
7180
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
4220
6560
7940
7200
Random 50% Read / 50% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
5680
7860
9580
9100
Random 50% Read / 50% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
5700
7900
9620
9120
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
6680
8900
10600
10040
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
6740
8980
10660
10100
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
6800
9060
10700
10160
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
6800
9060
10720
10180
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
14520
15120
14740
14520
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
14500
15120
15100
14940
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
14560
15060
15120
14920
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
14500
15100
14960
14920
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
46
Table 17: 12Gbps Single Port 9W Mode, ME
ME
* QD is QD at the Drive
200G
400G
800G
1600G
Access Type
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Sequential Write 128KB, Aligned, QD=32
515
690
555
545
Sequential Read 128KB, Aligned, QD=32
1000
1000
1000
1000
Sequential Write 4KB, Aligned, QD=32
410
410
415
415
Sequential Read 4KB, Aligned, QD=32
485
485
475
475
Sequential Write 0.5KB, Aligned, QD=32
66
66
68
66
Sequential Read 0.5KB, Aligned, QD=32
58
58
58
58
IOps
IOps
IOps
IOps
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
50800
65200
66500
68700
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
50500
64900
66500
68400
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
50400
64600
66500
68700
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
50600
64800
66600
68600
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
52200
66000
64500
75700
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
68100
82600
81900
92500
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
71400
85600
85600
93700
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
71300
85600
85500
93800
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
100000
102000
96200
96900
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
125800
128000
126800
126000
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
130900
133100
131800
131900
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
129900
131100
129700
130200
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
25500
33700
34500
34500
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
25400
33700
34500
34500
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
25500
33600
34400
34700
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
25400
33700
34500
34500
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
35600
45200
44700
53000
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
40500
50900
51200
58200
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
42100
51900
53100
58800
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
42200
51900
53000
58800
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
82300
84400
79600
80300
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
106700
107000
107100
106200
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
47
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
103300
102900
103900
102400
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
103600
105700
104100
101400
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
3200
4280
4380
4320
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
3220
4280
4380
4340
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
3200
4280
4380
4340
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
3220
4280
4380
4360
Random 50% Read / 50% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
4460
5740
5940
6860
Random 50% Read / 50% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
4520
5780
5980
6880
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
5680
7120
7260
8400
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
5740
7200
7320
8460
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
5760
7240
7360
8440
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
5780
7240
7360
8420
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
14640
15100
14720
14300
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
14640
15100
14460
14300
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
14520
15060
15040
14660
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
14640
14880
14780
14860
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
48
Table 18: 12Gbps Single Port 9W Mode, RI and Soft RI
RI
Soft RI
400G
800G
1600G
250G
500G
1000G
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Sequential Write 128KB, Aligned, QD=32
695
625
570
520
690
555
Sequential Read 128KB, Aligned, QD=32
995
995
1000
1000
1000
1000
Sequential Write 4KB, Aligned, QD=32
410
410
415
410
410
415
Sequential Read 4KB, Aligned, QD=32
485
475
475
490
485
475
Sequential Write 0.5KB, Aligned, QD=32
64
66
64
64
64
66
Sequential Read 0.5KB, Aligned, QD=32
58
58
58
58
58
58
IOps
IOps
IOps
IOps
IOps
IOps
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
20000
20500
19100
15600
22000
31200
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
20000
20500
19100
15500
22000
31100
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
20000
20600
19100
15500
22000
31100
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
19900
20600
19100
15500
22000
31100
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
41000
40300
43400
32500
44700
49400
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
43700
44700
44700
35400
48200
57600
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
44600
45300
44500
35900
48500
59300
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
44500
45400
44600
36100
48600
59200
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
99500
97200
97700
101100
98400
95900
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
127800 125800 124600 126600 127500 126700
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
127700 125800 130900 127400 133700 129500
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
128100 126500 129300 126900 130400 127700
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
10100
10400
9600
7800
11100
15700
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
10100
10400
9600
7800
11100
15600
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
10100
10400
9600
7800
11200
15700
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
10100
10400
9500
7800
11100
15700
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
23300
23500
24200
18400
25700
31000
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
23800
24100
24200
18800
26100
32700
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
24000
24100
24100
18800
26200
32800
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
23800
24200
24300
18800
26200
32900
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
81200
79600
81300
80900
83200
81500
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
102200
99500
101400 100700 103100 103500
Access Type
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
49
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
95100
96700
96700
95400
96300
97800
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
97100
95900
96900
93800
97500
100800
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
1260
1300
1220
980
1400
1980
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
1280
1300
1200
980
1400
1980
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
1260
1300
1200
980
1400
1980
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
1260
1300
1180
980
1400
1980
Random 50% Read / 50% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
2140
2160
2200
1660
2360
3160
Random 50% Read / 50% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
2160
2200
2200
1680
2400
3200
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
3140
3120
3200
2440
3420
4360
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
3140
3140
3220
2440
3440
4360
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
3140
3140
3240
2460
3440
4380
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
3140
3140
3220
2460
3440
4380
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
15180
14280
14920
14200
15320
14800
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
15180
14760
15020
14740
15180
14480
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
15000
14660
14520
14700
14660
15140
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
15080
14400
14700
14420
14820
14440
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
50
Table 19: 12Gbps Dual Port 9W Mode, HE
HE
* QD is QD at the Drive
100G
200G
400G
800G
Access Type
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Sequential Write 128KB, Aligned, QD=32
410
665
650
575
Sequential Read 128KB, Aligned, QD=32
1095
1140
1180
1165
Sequential Write 4KB, Aligned, QD=32
390
585
620
570
Sequential Read 4KB, Aligned, QD=32
495
495
500
495
Sequential Write 0.5KB, Aligned, QD=32
62
66
68
64
Sequential Read 0.5KB, Aligned, QD=32
60
60
60
60
IOps
IOps
IOps
IOps
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
65900
98300
111500
105100
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
65300
97600
110800
104800
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
65200
97000
111100
104700
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
64300
97100
110700
104600
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
54500
71600
84600
79200
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
74700
95500
110100
104500
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
83200
100800
111900
106400
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
82700
99000
110000
104900
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
99000
100900
101000
96900
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
122700
124300
123300
121100
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
125300
130600
132400
130500
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
122500
129300
129400
128700
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
33000
50900
60600
55400
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
33000
50800
60500
55400
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
33000
50900
60400
55400
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
33100
50700
60200
55400
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
37700
50800
61400
57600
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
47300
61400
72800
68300
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
51000
64700
75400
71600
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
50900
64500
74900
71000
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
80700
82800
83200
80500
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
103500
105800
106300
104500
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
51
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
102400
106300
106700
104500
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
101300
105500
104400
100400
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
4220
6580
7940
7180
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
4220
6560
7960
7180
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
4220
6580
7920
7200
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
4220
6580
7940
7180
Random 50% Read / 50% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
5760
8000
9840
9320
Random 50% Read / 50% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
5780
8000
9860
9320
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
6860
9180
11120
10460
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
6880
9200
11080
10480
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
6900
9200
11100
10500
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
6880
9220
11120
10520
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
15580
16700
16700
16440
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
15580
16580
16840
16400
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
15600
16460
16680
15720
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
15640
16700
16860
15880
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
52
Table 20: 12Gbps Dual Port 9W Mode, ME
ME
* QD is QD at the Drive
200G
400G
800G
1600G
Access Type
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Sequential Write 128KB, Aligned, QD=32
515
690
555
545
Sequential Read 128KB, Aligned, QD=32
1110
1165
1180
1135
Sequential Write 4KB, Aligned, QD=32
485
605
545
540
Sequential Read 4KB, Aligned, QD=32
500
500
500
490
Sequential Write 0.5KB, Aligned, QD=32
64
62
68
64
Sequential Read 0.5KB, Aligned, QD=32
62
60
62
60
IOps
IOps
IOps
IOps
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
50700
66200
67600
68800
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
50500
65500
67900
68900
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
50300
65200
67700
69000
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
50300
65100
67500
68700
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
51900
66200
64000
75100
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
67800
82600
81300
92000
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
71300
86100
85500
93800
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
70700
85100
84600
92400
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
97700
101400
98300
97900
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
123800
125600
121400
121600
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
128400
129900
129300
130000
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
120800
130000
123900
131700
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
25400
34000
34700
34500
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
25400
33900
34700
34500
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
25300
34000
34600
34500
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
25300
33900
34600
34500
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
35400
45400
44500
53000
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
40500
51300
51200
58300
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
42100
52500
53100
58900
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
42100
52300
53000
58800
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
78600
82300
80700
78700
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
103700
105500
103400
103500
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
53
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
101700
105000
100500
103600
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
99700
104100
101500
100400
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
3200
4340
4380
4340
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
3200
4340
4380
4340
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
3200
4340
4380
4340
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
3200
4340
4380
4340
Random 50% Read / 50% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
4480
5820
5960
6920
Random 50% Read / 50% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
4500
5840
6000
6920
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
5700
7260
7360
8540
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
5740
7280
7380
8560
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
5740
7300
7400
8560
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
5740
7320
7400
8560
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
15460
16660
16460
15420
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
15220
16500
16140
15540
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
15180
16260
15500
16100
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
15600
16360
16600
15780
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
54
Table 21: 12Gbps Dual Port 9W Mode, RI and Soft RI
RI
Soft RI
400G
800G
1600G
250G
500G
1000G
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Sequential Write 128KB, Aligned, QD=32
695
625
575
520
690
555
Sequential Read 128KB, Aligned, QD=32
1115
1110
1130
1100
1175
1185
Sequential Write 4KB, Aligned, QD=32
605
555
575
485
610
545
Sequential Read 4KB, Aligned, QD=32
500
495
495
500
500
495
Sequential Write 0.5KB, Aligned, QD=32
68
66
64
66
68
68
Sequential Read 0.5KB, Aligned, QD=32
60
62
60
60
60
60
IOps
IOps
IOps
IOps
IOps
IOps
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
20100
20800
19200
15600
22100
31700
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
20200
20700
19200
15700
22100
31200
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
20100
20800
19200
15600
22100
31100
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
20100
20700
19200
15700
22100
31100
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
40800
40100
43100
32400
44600
49200
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
43800
44700
44800
35400
48100
57500
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
44500
45200
44500
35800
48400
59100
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
44100
44800
43800
35800
48000
58700
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
100500
93700
97600
100100 100400
98300
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
122100 122200 121400 121200 122900 120600
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
125700 125900 128600 128400 130300 126900
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
122800 120100 126000 126700 125700 127500
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
10100
10400
9600
7900
11200
15700
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
10200
10400
9600
7900
11200
15500
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
10200
10500
9700
7800
11200
15900
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
10100
10500
9700
7800
11200
15700
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
23200
23500
24000
18300
25700
31000
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
23700
24000
24200
18700
26000
32600
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
23900
24100
24100
18800
26200
32800
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
23800
24000
24100
18800
26200
32800
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
80300
78300
77500
79400
80200
80200
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
99600
98800
100700
96000
99000
100200
Access Type
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
55
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
94800
94100
96300
94900
97100
97900
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
94000
96000
94900
93600
97700
100300
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
1280
1320
1200
980
1400
1980
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
1280
1300
1200
980
1400
2000
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
1280
1320
1200
980
1400
1980
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
1260
1300
1200
980
1400
1980
Random 50% Read / 50% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
2140
2160
2140
1640
2360
3140
Random 50% Read / 50% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
2160
2180
2140
1680
2360
3160
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
3100
3100
3160
2420
3380
4320
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
3120
3120
3140
2420
3420
4360
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
3100
3120
3240
2440
3420
4340
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
3120
3120
3200
2420
3400
4360
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
16180
15060
15900
15400
16040
15880
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
16200
16100
15720
15000
15800
15740
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
15800
15460
15600
15580
16040
16440
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
15820
15640
16260
15640
15840
16080
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
56
Table 22: 12Gbps Single Port 11W Mode, HE
HE
* QD is QD at the Drive
100G
200G
400G
800G
Access Type
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Sequential Write 128KB, Aligned, QD=32
410
665
800
705
Sequential Read 128KB, Aligned, QD=32
1000
1000
1000
1000
Sequential Write 4KB, Aligned, QD=32
380
415
415
415
Sequential Read 4KB, Aligned, QD=32
480
485
490
480
Sequential Write 0.5KB, Aligned, QD=32
64
66
64
66
Sequential Read 0.5KB, Aligned, QD=32
58
58
58
58
IOps
IOps
IOps
IOps
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
65800
95400
104200
102700
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
65500
95200
104600
102800
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
65500
94300
104000
102600
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
65500
94400
104400
102700
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
54900
72100
85500
80000
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
75400
96500
110700
105100
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
83600
100500
111800
107100
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
83700
100200
111800
106700
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
99400
101600
101200
96300
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
126400
128100
128300
126000
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
128400
132800
134600
133000
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
127500
130800
133100
131100
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
33100
51100
60700
57500
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
33100
51000
60400
57400
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
33100
50900
60400
57400
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
33100
50800
60700
57400
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
37800
50900
61400
57600
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
47300
60900
72500
68100
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
57
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
50900
64300
74200
70400
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
51000
64000
74200
70500
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
82200
82700
85000
82500
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
106600
107200
106800
106600
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
104800
106100
106600
105000
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
101600
106200
105900
101800
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
4220
6620
8180
7560
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
4220
6600
8200
7560
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
4220
6600
8180
7560
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
4220
6580
8180
7560
Random 50% Read / 50% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
5700
7860
9600
9140
Random 50% Read / 50% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
5700
7880
9640
9160
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
6680
8880
10600
10040
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
6760
9000
10660
10120
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
6820
9060
10720
10180
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
6800
9040
10760
10200
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
14660
15120
14580
14860
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
14540
15100
15060
14900
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
14540
15140
15120
14740
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
14660
15060
15040
14380
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
58
Table 23: 12Gbps Single Port 11W Mode, ME
ME
* QD is QD at the Drive
200G
400G
800G
1600G
Access Type
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Sequential Write 128KB, Aligned, QD=32
520
745
660
730
Sequential Read 128KB, Aligned, QD=32
1000
1000
1000
1000
Sequential Write 4KB, Aligned, QD=32
410
410
415
415
Sequential Read 4KB, Aligned, QD=32
485
485
480
480
Sequential Write 0.5KB, Aligned, QD=32
64
66
66
64
Sequential Read 0.5KB, Aligned, QD=32
58
58
58
58
IOps
IOps
IOps
IOps
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
50700
65500
67200
72400
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
50700
65000
67400
72300
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
50400
65000
67300
72000
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
50600
65000
67300
72000
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
52100
66100
64500
75700
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
68000
82400
81700
92400
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
71300
85600
85500
95000
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
71400
85500
85500
93800
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
98800
100900
99400
97100
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
127500
128200
124700
126100
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
130800
133800
129600
131400
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
129500
131300
130500
130200
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
25500
33800
35100
38300
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
25400
33800
35000
38300
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
25400
33700
35000
38200
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
25400
33800
35000
38200
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
35600
45100
44600
52900
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
40400
50900
51100
58100
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
42100
51900
53000
58800
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
42100
51900
53100
58800
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
80600
84000
80000
80400
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
106700
106100
106600
105900
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
59
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
103600
105000
103900
102300
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
102200
105800
101700
101400
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
3220
4300
4460
4980
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
3200
4300
4460
4960
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
3200
4280
4460
4960
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
3200
4280
4460
4940
Random 50% Read / 50% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
4460
5740
5960
6880
Random 50% Read / 50% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
4520
5780
5980
6880
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
5680
7140
7240
8400
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
5740
7180
7320
8480
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
5740
7220
7360
8480
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
5760
7240
7360
8500
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
14580
15100
14920
14380
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
14640
15000
14780
14320
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
14080
15100
14400
14560
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
14540
14920
15040
14540
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
60
Table 24: 12Gbps Single Port 11W Mode, RI and Soft RI
RI
Soft RI
400G
800G
1600G
250G
500G
1000G
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Sequential Write 128KB, Aligned, QD=32
705
640
725
520
755
660
Sequential Read 128KB, Aligned, QD=32
1000
995
1000
1000
1000
1000
Sequential Write 4KB, Aligned, QD=32
410
410
415
410
410
415
Sequential Read 4KB, Aligned, QD=32
485
475
480
490
485
480
Sequential Write 0.5KB, Aligned, QD=32
66
66
64
66
68
66
Sequential Read 0.5KB, Aligned, QD=32
58
58
58
58
58
58
IOps
IOps
IOps
IOps
IOps
IOps
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
19900
20500
19500
15500
22000
31400
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
20000
20600
19500
15500
22000
31300
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
20000
20600
19600
15500
22000
31300
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
20000
20600
19600
15400
22000
31300
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
41000
40300
43400
32500
44700
49400
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
43900
44600
44900
35400
48000
57600
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
44500
45300
44600
35900
48400
59300
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
44500
45400
44600
35900
48600
59200
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
100100
95600
100000 101100 102000
96700
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
126100 125400 124700 127500 128100 125200
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
128000 128700 130300 128500 132300 131300
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
130700 124800 129300 126800 132400 128600
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
10100
10400
9900
7800
11100
15800
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
10100
10400
9900
7800
11100
15800
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
10100
10400
9700
7800
11200
15800
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
10100
10400
10000
7800
11100
15600
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
23300
23600
24600
18400
25800
31000
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
23700
24000
24400
18700
26100
32700
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
24000
24200
24000
18800
26200
32800
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
23900
24100
24600
18900
26200
32800
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
81700
79200
81200
81000
83300
80200
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
101500 102500 101500 101200 102600 105000
Access Type
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
61
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
96500
96500
96700
94700
98400
97800
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
95200
94400
98000
95600
98800
99500
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
1280
1320
1240
980
1400
1980
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
1260
1300
1220
980
1400
1980
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
1280
1300
1260
980
1420
2000
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
1280
1300
1240
980
1400
2000
Random 50% Read / 50% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
2140
2160
2200
1660
2360
3180
Random 50% Read / 50% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
2180
2220
2240
1680
2400
3200
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
3140
3120
3240
2420
3420
4360
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
3120
3140
3240
2440
3440
4380
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
3140
3160
3260
2460
3440
4380
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
3140
3120
3260
2440
3420
4380
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
15040
14240
14880
14800
15320
15120
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
14860
14820
14960
14280
14680
14440
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
15060
14600
14520
14540
15040
14940
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
14800
14440
14780
14440
15320
15020
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
62
Table 25: 12Gbps Dual Port 11W Mode, HE
HE
* QD is QD at the Drive
100G
200G
400G
800G
Access Type
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Sequential Write 128KB, Aligned, QD=32
410
665
800
710
Sequential Read 128KB, Aligned, QD=32
1105
1130
1160
1190
Sequential Write 4KB, Aligned, QD=32
390
590
625
605
Sequential Read 4KB, Aligned, QD=32
495
495
500
495
Sequential Write 0.5KB, Aligned, QD=32
62
64
66
64
Sequential Read 0.5KB, Aligned, QD=32
60
60
60
60
IOps
IOps
IOps
IOps
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
65700
98400
111900
108400
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
65200
97400
111400
107900
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
65100
97200
111600
107800
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
65000
97000
111300
107600
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
54500
71400
84700
79300
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
74900
96000
109900
104300
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
83500
100100
111600
106600
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
82800
98900
109900
104700
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
98200
100800
101100
97800
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
123000
124400
123900
120800
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
126200
130200
130400
128700
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
124200
127700
131500
126000
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
32900
51000
61700
57900
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
33000
50900
61500
57900
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
33100
50900
61600
57900
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
33000
50900
61300
57800
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
37800
50800
61400
57500
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
47200
61300
72800
68400
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
50900
64700
75600
71300
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
50900
64400
74700
71200
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
80300
82900
83300
78800
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
104100
106400
106700
103400
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
63
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
103800
105800
106500
106200
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
103000
104500
105700
104300
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
4220
6580
8180
7560
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
4200
6600
8180
7560
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
4220
6580
8180
7580
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
4220
6600
8200
7580
Random 50% Read / 50% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
5760
7980
9840
9340
Random 50% Read / 50% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
5780
8000
9860
9360
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
6860
9160
11080
10480
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
6880
9200
11080
10480
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
6900
9220
11080
10520
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
6880
9220
11120
10500
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
15480
16160
16520
16220
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
15780
16680
16820
16500
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
15720
16680
16840
16420
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
15840
16480
16700
16440
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
64
Table 26: 12Gbps Dual Port 11W Mode, ME
ME
* QD is QD at the Drive
200G
400G
800G
1600G
Access Type
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Sequential Write 128KB, Aligned, QD=32
520
750
660
735
Sequential Read 128KB, Aligned, QD=32
1135
1175
1165
1150
Sequential Write 4KB, Aligned, QD=32
485
615
580
620
Sequential Read 4KB, Aligned, QD=32
500
500
495
490
Sequential Write 0.5KB, Aligned, QD=32
64
66
66
66
Sequential Read 0.5KB, Aligned, QD=32
62
60
60
60
IOps
IOps
IOps
IOps
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
50800
65900
68600
73300
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
50400
65100
68800
72900
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
50200
64700
68500
72200
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
50200
64500
68300
71900
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
51900
65600
64000
75100
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
67700
82100
81300
92000
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
71400
85500
85400
93700
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
70600
84500
84600
92400
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
96900
100900
97300
97400
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
123500
123700
121500
120800
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
128800
130300
129100
129600
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
126000
130800
125700
127800
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
25300
33700
35300
38200
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
25300
33600
35200
38200
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
25300
33700
35200
38100
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
25300
33500
35200
38000
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
35500
45100
44500
53000
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
40500
50900
51200
58200
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
65
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
42200
51900
53100
58900
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
42100
51800
53000
58900
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
80600
82100
80600
79700
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
103200
105500
103800
103300
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
102900
103900
103400
101800
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
101000
104300
100000
100100
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
3220
4280
4460
4960
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
3200
4300
4460
5000
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
3220
4300
4460
4960
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
3200
4280
4460
4960
Random 50% Read / 50% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
4480
5760
5980
6960
Random 50% Read / 50% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
4500
5780
6000
6920
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
5700
7180
7360
8540
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
5740
7200
7380
8540
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
5740
7240
7400
8560
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
5760
7240
7420
8580
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
15720
16500
16460
15440
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
15720
16680
16260
15520
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
15740
16380
15880
15800
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
15620
16740
15820
15460
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
66
Table 27: 12Gbps Dual Port 11W Mode, RI and Soft RI
RI
Soft RI
400G
800G
1600G
250G
500G
1000G
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Sequential Write 128KB, Aligned, QD=32
705
645
725
520
755
660
Sequential Read 128KB, Aligned, QD=32
1145
1110
1175
1090
1175
1110
Sequential Write 4KB, Aligned, QD=32
610
570
615
485
615
580
Sequential Read 4KB, Aligned, QD=32
500
495
495
500
500
490
Sequential Write 0.5KB, Aligned, QD=32
66
64
66
64
66
68
Sequential Read 0.5KB, Aligned, QD=32
62
60
60
60
62
60
IOps
IOps
IOps
IOps
IOps
IOps
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
20100
20700
19700
15600
22200
31500
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
20100
20700
19700
15700
22100
31300
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
20100
20700
19700
15600
22100
30900
Random Write, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
20100
20700
19600
15700
22200
31200
Random 70% Read / 30% Write,
4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
40900
40200
43200
32300
44600
49200
Random 70% Read / 30% Write,
4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
43700
44700
44900
35400
48100
57400
Random 70% Read / 30% Write,
4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
44500
45200
44700
35900
48300
59100
Random 70% Read / 30% Write,
4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
44100
44900
44000
35700
48000
58700
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 16
100300
95200
95900
100000
100900
96300
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 32
123300
121900
122200
123100
121300
122500
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 64
127700
126400
128500
128700
129100
126900
Random Read, 4KB, Aligned, QD = 128
122000
120100
125900
122700
130800
124000
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
10200
10500
9900
7900
11200
15800
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
10100
10400
9900
7800
11200
15800
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
10100
10500
9900
7800
11200
15800
Random Write, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
10200
10500
9900
7900
11200
15800
Random 70% Read / 30% Write,
8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
23200
23400
24200
18300
25800
30900
Random 70% Read / 30% Write,
8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
23800
24100
24200
18700
26100
32700
Random 70% Read / 30% Write,
8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
23900
24100
24300
18800
26100
32800
Random 70% Read / 30% Write,
8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
23800
24100
24200
18800
26100
32800
Access Type
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
67
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 16
80800
78400
79700
78100
81500
80000
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 32
98100
97300
98900
98500
99300
99700
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 64
96400
95300
96300
94900
96400
98700
Random Read, 8KB, Aligned, QD = 128
96000
94800
94800
92400
97600
98200
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
1280
1300
1240
980
1400
2000
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
1280
1300
1260
980
1400
2000
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
1260
1320
1240
980
1400
2000
Random Write, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
1280
1320
1240
980
1400
2000
Random 50% Read / 50% Write,
64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
2140
2160
2180
1640
2340
3160
Random 50% Read / 50% Write,
64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
2160
2180
2200
1680
2360
3160
Random 70% Read / 30% Write,
64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
3100
3100
3220
2420
3380
4340
Random 70% Read / 30% Write,
64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
3100
3120
3220
2420
3420
4340
Random 70% Read / 30% Write, 64KB, Aligned,
QD = 64
3100
3120
3240
2420
3400
4340
Random 70% Read / 30% Write,
64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
3100
3100
3220
2420
3400
4360
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 16
16540
15400
16400
15680
16580
15700
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 32
15640
15600
15620
15560
16420
15960
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 64
16180
15960
15620
15220
16800
16220
Random Read, 64KB, Aligned, QD = 128
15700
15160
15920
15680
15960
15580
Notes:
1.
Drive performance varies with model capacity and actual drive use.
2.
For this table, ‘1 MB / Sec’ should be interpreted as 1024 x 1024 Bytes per Second.
3.
Ongoing FW improvement may slightly change the performance.
4.5.5
Random Writes Over the Life of the Drive
Model / Worst Case (PB)
1600GB
800GB
400GB
200GB
100GB
N/A
36.5PB
18.3PB
9.1PB
4.55PB
Mainstream Endurance (ME)
29.2PB
14.6PB
7.3PB
3.65PB
N/A
Read Intensive (RI)
5.84PB
2.92PB
1.46PB
N/A
N/A
High Endurance (HE)
Note: Lifetime Petabytes for 4K-aligned.
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
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5 Data Integrity
The SSD employs a failsafe write cache that insures customer data is committed to the media in the event of a power
loss. This failsafe write cache cannot be disabled. On a given write command, if all data has been received by the
SSD and the RESPONSE frame has been sent to the Initiator with good status, it is guaranteed that all write data
will be committed to the media in the event of a power loss. If the RESPONSE frame was not sent and some (or all)
of the data was received by the SSD, some (or all) of the data may be committed to the media in the event of a
power loss. In this case, it is guaranteed that all affected blocks will be readable without error, but not all blocks may
return the newly written data.
5.1
Equipment Status
Equipment status is available to the host system any time the drive is not ready to READ or WRITE. This status
normally exists at power-on time and will be maintained until the following conditions are satisfied:

Self-check of drive is complete.
Appropriate error status is made available to the host system if any of the following conditions occur after the drive
has become ready:

5.2
SMART error is detected.
Error Recovery Procedure
Errors occurring with the drive are handled by the error recovery procedure.
Errors that are uncorrectable after application of the error recovery procedures are reported to the host system as
non-recoverable errors.
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
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6 Electrical Interface
6.1
SAS Connector
The drive uses the standard 29 pin Serial Attached SCSI (SAS) connector which conforms to the mechanical
requirements of SFF 8680. The connector is expected to be used in an environment which uses a common connector
structure for racking drives in a cabinet. The connector allows for plugging a drive directly into a backplane by
providing the necessary electrical connection. Mechanical stability and device retention must be provided by a
mechanism outside the drive.
6.1.1
29-Pin Serial-Attached SCSI (SAS) Connector
Figure 1: Connector Pinout
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
70
Table 28: 29-Pin Connector Signal Definition
Pin Number
Signal
Description
S1
GND
GND for SAS Primary Port
S2
RP+
SAS Primary Port Receive (positive) signal
S3
RP-
SAS Primary Port Receive (negative) signal
S4
GND
GND for SAS Primary Port
S5
TP-
SAS Primary Port Transmit(negative) signal
S6
TP+
SAS Primary Port Transmit(positive) signal
S7
GND
GND for SAS Primary Port
S8
GND
GND for SAS Secondary Port
S9
RS+
SAS Secondary Port Receive(Positive) signal
S10
RS-
SAS Secondary Port Receive (negative) signal
S11
GND
GND for SAS Secondary Port
S12
TS-
SAS Secondary Port Receive (negative) signal
S13
TS+
SAS Secondary Port Receive (positive) signal
S14
GND
GND for SAS Secondary Port
P1
Vendor Spec
NOT USED (Pins P1-P2 tied internally)
P2
Vendor Spec
NOT USED (Pins P1-P2 tied internally)
P3
POWER DISABLE
Power Disable
P4
GND
GROUND
P5
GND
GROUND
P6
GND
GROUND
P7
+5V-Charge
Pre-charge pin for +5V
P8
+5V
+5V power supply input
P9
+5V
+5V power supply input
P10
GND
GROUND
P11
READY LED
READY LED output
P12
GND
GROUND
P13
+12V=Charge
Pre-charge pin for +12V
P14
+12V
+12V power supply input
P15
+12V
+12V power supply input
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
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6.1.2
Voltage and Ground Signals
The 12V and 5V contacts provide all of the voltages required by the drive. The two voltages share a common ground
plane to which all of the ground contacts are connected.
6.1.3
READY LED Output
The drive provides an open-drain driver with 15mA of current sink capability to the Ready LED Output signal. The
cathode of the LED should be connected to this signal. The LED and the current-limiting resistor must be provided
by the enclosure.
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
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7 Environment
7.1
Temperature and Humidity
Table 29: Operating and Non-Operating Conditions
Operating Conditions
Case Temperature
0°C to 70ºC (drive reported) See Section 7.3.
Relative Humidity
5 to 90%, non-condensing
Maximum Wet Bulb Temperature
29.4ºC, non-condensing
Maximum Surface Temperature Gradient
20 ºC/hour
Altitude
-305 to 3,048 m
Shipping Conditions
Ambient Temperature
-55°C to 95ºC
Relative Humidity
5 to 95%, non-condensing
Maximum Wet bulb temperature
35ºC, non-condensing
Maximum Surface Temperature Gradient
30ºC/hour
Altitude
-305 to 12,192 m
Storage Conditions
Ambient Temperature
0°C to 60ºC
Relative Humidity
5 to 95%, non-condensing
Maximum Wet Bulb Temperature
35ºC, non-condensing
Altitude
-305 to 12,192 m
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
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7.2
Storage Requirements
7.2.1
Packaging
The drive or option kit is shipped in a sealed ESD bag by HGST.
7.2.2
Storage Time
Cumulative storage time in the sealed ESD bag before initial power-on must not exceed one year.
7.3
Cooling Requirements
Drive component temperatures must remain within the limits specified in the following table. Maximum component
temperature ratings must not be exceeded under any operating condition. The drive may require forced air cooling to
meet the specified, maximum operating temperatures.
Table 30: Maximum Allowable Surface Temperatures
Module Name
Location
Maximum Allowable Surface Temperature
SSD Base
As noted in the following figure.
70ºC
Figure 2: Location of Enclosure Temperature Measurement
Notes:
1.
2.
3.
The case temperature measurement device (i.e., thermocouple, thermistor, etc.) should be placed on the
bottom of the enclosure nearest the ASIC (approximate location noted by the 6.3 x 6.3 square in the above
picture), allowing for a measurement of the hottest point on the enclosure.
All dimensions are in millimeters (mm).
Image is not to scale.
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
74
8 DC Power Requirements
The following voltage specification applies to the drive power connector. Connections to the drive should be made
using a Safety Extra Low Voltage (SELV) circuit. There is no power on or power off sequencing requirement.
Adequate secondary over-current protection is the responsibility of the system.
Table 31: Input Voltage and Capacitance
Supply
Tolerance
Absolute Max.
Spike Voltage
Supply Rise Time
Capacitance
5V
+10%/- 7%
5.5V
0-200ms
47µF
12V
+10%/- 7%
15V
0-400ms
47µF
8.1
Power Supply Current, Average and Peak
The following current and power requirements are typical when operating under normal 5V and 12V conditions.
Table 32: HE Models; Power Supply Current, Average and Peak (100GB, 200GB, 400GB, 800GB)
Test Condition:
12Gbps SAS Dual Port
HE
Capacity:
100GB
Power Mode:
11Watt
200GB
9Watt
11Watt
400GB
9Watt
11Watt
800GB
9Watt
11Watt
9Watt
12V Startup (max A)
0.41
0.67
0.79
0.85
5V Startup (max A)
0.90
0.94
1.14
1.08
12V Active Idle (mean A)
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
12V Active Idle (max A)
0.25
0.28
0.20
0.35
5V Active Idle (mean A)
0.37
0.38
0.39
0.37
5V Active Idle (max A)
0.82
0.82
0.83
1.04
Power Active Idle (mean W)
2.2
2.3
2.3
2.3
12V Ran70%R30%W 4K QD32) (mean A)
0.12
0.12
0.14
0.14
0.18
0.18
0.20
0.20
12V Ran70%R30%W (4K QD32) (max A)
0.31
0.30
0.40
0.41
0.68
0.66
0.83
0.74
5V Ran70%R30%W (4K QD32) (mean A)
0.57
0.57
0.63
0.63
0.69
0.69
0.67
0.67
5V Ran70%R30%W (4K QD32) (max A)
0.87
0.88
0.94
0.94
1.14
1.10
1.09
1.08
Power Ran70%R30%W (4K QD32) (mean W)
4.3
4.3
4.8
4.8
5.5
5.5
5.7
5.7
90000
90000
110000
110000
120000
120000
110000
110000
0.22
0.22
0.24
0.24
0.31
0.31
0.36
0.37
Perf Ran70%R30%W (4K QD32) (IOPS)
12V Ran W (4K QD32) (mean A)
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
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Test Condition:
12Gbps SAS Dual Port
HE
Capacity:
100GB
Power Mode:
200GB
400GB
800GB
11Watt
9Watt
11Watt
9Watt
11Watt
9Watt
11Watt
9Watt
12V Ran W (4K QD32) (max A)
0.38
0.38
0.53
0.55
0.78
0.70
0.88
0.79
5V Ran W (4K QD32) (mean A)
0.58
0.58
0.61
0.61
0.69
0.70
0.67
0.67
5V Ran W (4K QD32) (max A)
0.91
0.90
0.95
0.92
1.18
1.24
1.15
1.16
Power Ran W (4K QD32) (mean W)
5.5
5.5
5.9
5.9
7.2
7.2
7.7
7.7
90000
90000
100000
100000
100000
100000
90000
90000
12V Ran R (4K QD32) (mean A)
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.12
0.12
0.13
0.13
12V Ran R (4K QD32) (max A)
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.30
0.24
0.25
0.28
0.29
5V Ran R (4K QD32) (mean A)
0.61
0.61
0.65
0.65
0.69
0.69
0.68
0.68
5V Ran R (4K QD32) (max A)
0.88
0.87
0.92
0.91
1.07
1.08
1.07
1.06
Power Ran R (4K QD32) (mean W)
4.3
4.3
4.4
4.4
4.9
4.9
4.9
4.9
130000
130000
130000
130000
130000
130000
130000
130000
12V Seq W (256K QD32) (mean A)
0.25
0.25
0.39
0.38
0.50
0.41
0.56
0.45
12V Seq W (256K QD32) (max A)
0.39
0.40
0.67
0.66
0.88
0.63
0.97
0.70
5V Seq W (256K QD32) (mean A)
0.54
0.54
0.64
0.64
0.75
0.70
0.71
0.66
5V Seq W (256K QD32) (max A)
0.91
0.91
1.01
1.01
1.24
1.27
1.23
1.22
Power Seq W (256K QD32) (mean W)
5.7
5.7
7.8
7.8
9.8
8.4
10.2
8.6
Perf Seq W (256K QD32) (MB/s)
410
410
660
650
810
670
720
580
12V Seq R (256K QD32) (mean A)
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.11
0.11
0.12
0.12
12V Seq R (256K QD32) (max A)
0.20
0.21
0.18
0.23
0.23
0.23
0.25
0.25
5V Seq R (256K QD32) (mean A)
0.65
0.65
0.69
0.69
0.78
0.78
0.75
0.75
5V Seq R (256K QD32) (max A)
0.85
0.85
0.90
0.91
1.12
1.10
1.05
1.04
Power Seq R (256K QD32) (mean W)
4.4
4.4
4.6
4.5
5.3
5.3
5.2
5.2
1010
1010
1020
980
1020
1020
1020
1020
Perf Ran W (4K QD32) (IOPS)
Perf Ran R (4K QD32) (IOPS)
Perf Seq R (256K QD32) (MB/s)
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
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Table 33: ME Models; Power Supply Current, Average and Peak (200GB, 400GB, 800GB, 1.6TB)
Test Condition:
12Gbps SAS Dual Port
Capacity:
ME
200GB
Power Mode:
11Watt
9Watt
400GB
11Watt
9Watt
800GB
11Watt
9Watt
1.6TB
11Watt
9Watt
12V Startup (max A)
0.54
0.7555
0.861825
0.815
5V Startup (max A)
0.9405
1.0385
1.0605
1.1265
12V Active Idle (mean A)
0.0315
0.03
0.0345
0.038
12V Active Idle (max A)
0.181142
0.09075
0.31534
0.318925
5V Active Idle (mean A)
0.372
0.363
0.357
0.37
5V Active Idle (max A)
0.71945
0.58455
0.93575
1.0877
2.238
2.175
2.199
2.306
Power active idle (mean W)
12V Ran70%R30%W (4K QD32) (mean A)
0.1345
0.1395
0.173
0.173
0.1915
0.191
0.2295
0.1815
12V Ran70%R30%W (4K QD32) (max A)
0.327525
0.34659
0.561165
0.565115
0.6748
0.66192
0.83012
0.598535
5V Ran70%R30%W (4K QD32) (mean A)
0.6115
0.609
0.654
0.6545
0.6175
0.617
0.682
0.638
5V Ran70%R30%W (4K QD32) (max A)
0.87675
0.8865
1.0525
1.1004
1.03095
1.0213
1.16
1.07575
Power Ran70%R30%W (4K QD32) (mean W)
4.6715
4.719
5.346
5.3485
5.3855
5.377
6.164
5.368
Perf Ran70%R30%W (4K QD32) (IOPS)
90000
80000
90000
90000
90000
90000
100000
100000
12V Ran W (4K QD32) (mean A)
0.264
0.2525
0.337
0.3345
0.3845
0.381
0.4545
0.357
12V Ran W (4K QD32) (max A)
0.464545
0.47099
0.743
0.70081
0.882935
0.81257
0.923155
0.748855
5V Ran W (4K QD32) (mean A)
0.619
0.6205
0.7095
0.709
0.6625
0.662
0.742
0.688
5V Ran W (4K QD32) (max A)
0.8928
0.9021
1.1281
1.11975
1.0807
1.1022
1.21985
1.10765
Power Ran W (4K QD32) (mean W)
6.263
6.1325
7.5915
7.559
7.9265
7.882
9.164
7.724
Perf Ran W (4K QD32) (IOPS)
70000
70000
70000
70000
70000
70000
70000
70000
12V Ran R (4K QD32) (mean A)
0.097
0.098
0.1065
0.1045
0.1175
0.118
0.1375
0.1115
12V Ran R (4K QD32) (max A)
0.18226
0.23476
0.375855
0.25101
0.268555
0.337375
0.386825
0.307435
5V Ran R (4K QD32) (mean A)
0.647
0.647
0.6735
0.6675
0.6445
0.645
0.691
0.6605
5V Ran R (4K QD32) (max A)
0.8448
0.8526
1.0173
1.0111
0.98065
0.98895
1.11775
1.01495
Power Ran R (4K QD32) (mean W)
4.399
4.411
4.6455
4.5915
4.6325
4.641
5.105
4.6405
130000
130000
130000
130000
130000
130000
130000
130000
Perf Ran R (4K QD32) (IOPS)
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
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Test Condition:
12Gbps SAS Dual Port
Capacity:
ME
200GB
Power Mode:
400GB
800GB
1.6TB
11Watt
9Watt
11Watt
9Watt
11Watt
9Watt
11Watt
9Watt
12V Seq W (256K QD32) (mean A)
0.311
0.306
0.4645
0.43
0.5135
0.433
0.5555
0.429
12V Seq W (256K QD32) (max A)
0.491705
0.494
0.869225
0.71651
0.9639
0.738815
0.94665
0.72574
5V Seq W (256K QD32) (mean A)
0.6015
0.602
0.7185
0.7015
0.6595
0.6265
0.7085
0.666
5V Seq W (256K QD32) (max A)
0.9528
0.95595
1.2149
1.2013
1.219
1.1481
1.3119
1.1871
Power Seq W (256K QD32) (mean W)
6.7395
6.682
9.1665
8.6675
9.4595
8.3285
10.2085
8.478
Perf Seq W (256K QD32) (MB/s)
530
520
760
700
670
570
720
560
12V Seq R(256K QD32) (mean A)
0.0925
0.0915
0.101
0.1015
0.1075
0.1075
0.1245
0.1035
12V Seq R (256K QD32) (max A)
0.192935
0.30978
0.202355
0.36678
0.23244
0.234745
0.254135
0.21232
5V Seq R (256K QD32) (mean A)
0.686
0.6715
0.7425
0.7315
0.708
0.707
0.779
0.7265
5V Seq R (256K QD32) (max A)
0.8584
0.8803
1.0067
1.04615
0.9867
0.97495
1.11415
0.9928
Power Seq R (256K QD32) (mean W)
4.54
4.4555
4.9245
4.8755
4.83
4.825
5.389
4.8745
Perf Seq R (256K QD32) (MB/s)
1010
920
1020
960
1020
1020
1020
1020
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
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Table 34: RI Models; Power Supply Current, Average and Peak (250GB, 400GB, 500GB)
Test Condition:
12Gbps SAS Dual Port
RI
Capacity:
250GB
Power Mode:
11Watt
400GB
9Watt
11Watt
500GB
9Watt
11Watt
9Watt
12V Startup (max A)
0.54
0.78
0.77
5V Startup (max A)
0.83
1.02
1.17
12V Active Idle (mean A)
0.04
0.03
0.03
12V Active Idle (max A)
0.08
0.27
0.16
5V Active Idle (mean A)
0.35
0.37
0.37
5V Active Idle (max A)
0.56
0.89
0.84
Power active idle (mean W)
2.2
2.2
2.2
12V Ran70%R30%W (4K QD32) (mean A)
0.15
0.15
0.20
0.20
0.19
0.19
12V Ran70%R30%W (4K QD32) (max A)
0.37
0.38
0.59
0.59
0.60
0.61
5V Ran70%R30%W (4K QD32) (mean A)
0.57
0.58
0.62
0.62
0.65
0.65
5V Ran70%R30%W (4K QD32) (max A)
0.84
0.85
0.97
0.99
1.07
1.06
Power Ran70%R30%W (4K QD32) (mean W)
4.7
4.6
5.5
5.5
5.6
5.6
80000
80000
60000
60000
80000
80000
12V Ran W (4K QD32) (mean A)
0.25
0.25
0.29
0.29
0.32
0.32
12V Ran W (4K QD32) (max A)
0.46
0.47
0.68
0.67
0.75
0.71
5V Ran W (4K QD32) (mean A)
0.57
0.58
0.63
0.63
0.69
0.69
5V Ran W (4K QD32) (max A)
0.85
0.89
0.98
0.99
1.11
1.12
Power Ran W (4K QD32) (mean W)
5.8
5.9
6.6
6.6
7.3
7.3
30000
40000
20000
30000
50000
50000
12V Ran R (4K QD32) (mean A)
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.11
0.11
12V Ran R (4K QD32) (max A)
0.24
0.24
0.27
0.29
0.49
0.45
5V Ran R (4K QD32) (mean A)
0.61
0.61
0.64
0.64
0.66
0.66
5V Ran R (4K QD32) (max A)
0.81
0.82
0.94
0.94
1.01
1.02
Power Ran R (4K QD32) (mean W)
4.2
4.2
4.4
4.4
4.6
4.6
120000
120000
130000
130000
130000
130000
Perf Ran70%R30%W (4K QD32) (IOPS)
Perf Ran W (4K QD32) (IOPS)
Perf Ran R (4K QD32) (IOPS)
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Test Condition:
12Gbps SAS Dual Port
RI
Capacity:
250GB
Power Mode:
400GB
500GB
11Watt
9Watt
11Watt
9Watt
11Watt
9Watt
12V Seq W (256K QD32) (mean A)
0.31
0.31
0.42
0.41
0.46
0.42
12V Seq W (256K QD32) (max A)
0.50
0.49
0.78
0.74
0.87
0.70
5V Seq W (256K QD32) (mean A)
0.57
0.57
0.65
0.65
0.72
0.70
5V Seq W (256K QD32) (max A)
0.91
0.92
1.05
1.04
1.23
1.23
Power Seq W (256K QD32) (mean W)
6.6
6.5
8.2
8.2
9.1
8.6
Perf Seq W (256K QD32) (MB/s)
530
520
710
690
780
720
12V Seq R (256K QD32) (mean A)
0.09
0.09
0.10
0.09
0.10
0.10
12V Seq R (256K QD32) (max A)
0.28
0.24
0.21
0.35
0.24
0.30
5V Seq R (256K QD32) (mean A)
0.64
0.64
0.69
0.67
0.73
0.73
5V Seq R (256K QD32) (max A)
0.85
0.87
0.90
0.97
1.02
1.04
Power Seq R (256K QD32) (mean W)
4.3
4.3
4.6
4.5
4.9
4.8
Perf Seq R (256K QD32) (MB/s)
950
960
1010
910
1000
970
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Table 35: RI Models; Power Supply Current, Average and Peak (800GB, 1.0TB, 1.6TB)
Test Condition:
12Gbps SAS Dual Port
RI
Capacity:
800GB
Power Mode:
11Watt
1TB
9Watt
11Watt
1.6TB
9Watt
11Watt
9Watt
12V Startup (max A)
0.87
0.84
0.83
5V Startup (max A)
1.01
1.07
1.25
12V Active Idle (mean A)
0.03
0.03
0.03
12V Active Idle (max A)
0.30
0.30
0.57
5V Active Idle (mean A)
0.38
0.38
0.38
5V Active Idle (max A)
0.78
0.99
1.09
Power active idle (mean W)
2.3
2.3
2.3
12V Ran70%R30%W (4K QD32) (mean A)
0.23
0.23
0.23
0.24
0.31
0.30
12V Ran70%R30%W (4K QD32) (max A)
0.68
0.70
0.78
0.72
0.88
0.81
5V Ran70%R30%W (4K QD32) (mean A)
0.62
0.62
0.66
0.66
0.69
0.69
5V Ran70%R30%W (4K QD32) (max A)
0.93
0.94
1.06
1.07
1.19
1.18
Power Ran70%R30%W (4K QD32) (mean W)
5.9
5.8
6.0
6.1
7.1
7.1
50000
50000
60000
60000
50000
50000
12V Ran W (4K QD32) (mean A)
0.32
0.32
0.37
0.36
0.42
0.41
12V Ran W (4K QD32) (max A)
0.76
0.75
0.88
0.80
0.94
0.85
5V Ran W (4K QD32) (mean A)
0.62
0.63
0.69
0.69
0.72
0.72
5V Ran W (4K QD32) (max A)
0.95
0.95
1.11
1.11
1.20
1.22
Power Ran W (4K QD32) (mean W)
6.9
7.0
7.8
7.8
8.7
8.5
Perf Ran W w (4K QD32) (IOPS)
20000
20000
30000
40000
20000
20000
12V Ran R (4K QD32) (mean A)
0.11
0.11
0.12
0.12
0.14
0.14
12V Ran R (4K QD32) (max A)
0.46
0.37
0.31
0.45
0.38
0.48
5V Ran R (4K QD32) (mean A)
0.65
0.65
0.68
0.68
0.69
0.69
5V Ran R (4K QD32) (max A)
0.89
0.88
1.01
1.00
1.11
1.12
Power Ran R (4K QD32) (mean W)
4.5
4.5
4.8
4.8
5.1
5.2
120000
120000
130000
130000
130000
130000
Perf Ran70%R30%W (4K QD32) (IOPS)
Perf Ran R (4K QD32) (IOPS)
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Test Condition:
12Gbps SAS Dual Port
RI
Capacity:
800GB
Power Mode:
1TB
1.6TB
11Watt
9Watt
11Watt
9Watt
11Watt
9Watt
12V Seq W (256K QD32) (mean A)
0.48
0.46
0.51
0.43
0.55
0.44
12V Seq W (256K QD32) (max A)
0.84
0.82
0.95
0.72
0.96
0.70
5V Seq W (256K QD32) (mean A)
0.64
0.63
0.70
0.66
0.70
0.66
5V Seq W w (256K QD32) (max A)
1.01
1.02
1.20
1.21
1.24
1.23
Power Seq W (256K QD32) (mean W)
8.9
8.6
9.6
8.5
10.2
8.6
Perf Seq W (256K QD32) (MB/s)
620
600
660
570
730
580
12V Seq R (256K QD32) (mean A)
0.10
0.10
0.11
0.11
0.13
0.13
12V Seq R (256K QD32) (max A)
0.33
0.28
0.29
0.39
0.31
0.41
5V Seq R (256K QD32) (mean A)
0.68
0.68
0.74
0.73
0.77
0.76
5V Seq R (256K QD32) (max A)
0.98
0.96
1.05
1.04
1.10
1.11
Power Seq R (256K QD32) (mean W)
4.6
4.6
5.0
4.9
5.4
5.3
Perf Seq R (256K QD32) (MB/s)
910
920
1000
970
1010
970
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8.2
Ripple Voltage
Table 36: Power Supply Generated Ripple at Drive Power Connector
Maximum (mVpp)
MHz
+5V DC
250
0-10
+12V DC
250
0-10
A 12 volt ripple is generated by the drive during startup (referred to as dynamic loading). If the power of several
drives is daisy chained, the power supply ripple plus other drive dynamic loading must remain within the regulation
tolerance of +5%. A common supply with separate power leads to each drive is a more desirable method of power
distribution.
To prevent external electrical noise from interfering with the performance of the drive, it must be held by four
screws in a user system frame that has no electrical level difference at the four screw positions. The drive enclosure
must not be used in the current return path of the drive power supply. The maximum common-mode noise current
passing through the drive must not exceed 20mA.
8.3
Power Consumption Efficiency Index
Table 37: Power Consumption Efficiency Index
Power Consumption
Efficiency Index-Idle Mode (W/GB)
Power Consumption
Efficiency Index -Idle Mode (W/GB)
8.4
800GB
400GB
200GB
1.6TB
800GB
400GB
200GB
HE
HE
HE
ME
ME
ME
ME
0.0027
0.0056
0.0114
0.0014
0.0027
0.0055
0.0113
1.6TB
1.0TB
800GB
500GB
400GB
250GB
RI
RI
RI
RI
RI
RI
0.0014
0.0022
0.0027
0.0044
0.0054
0.0089
Power Slew Requirements during Power Loss
Supply Voltage Fall Times during Power Loss:
5V Fall Time:
1ms to 5s for 5V input power dropping to 0V.
12V Fall Time:
1ms to 5s for 12V input power dropping 0V.
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9 Reliability
9.1
Data Reliability

ECC - 42bit/1KB Codeword

LBA seeded 32 bit CRC for ECC detection

Probability of uncorrectable data error is 1 in 1x10^17 bits read
9.2
Data Retention
The device, after being placed into service and until the end of its rated design life (as per Enterprise JESD218), the
drive is designed to retain data for three months when powered off and stored at 40°C.
9.3
Failure Prediction (S.M.A.R.T.)
A recoverable equipment error is an error other than a read error that is detected and corrected by the drive error
recovery procedure. Examples are Drive Not Ready and internal drive errors.
SMART Monitoring Parameters are checked predict drive failure conditions before they occur. The primary
parameters monitored for the SSD include:
1.
Remaining Reserves: Ensures that the remaining spare erase blocks are at a sufficient level to guarantee
proper operation of device.
2.
Volatile Memory Backup: Self-tests measure the capacitance of the power loss imminent circuitry to
guarantee drive is able to commit data to media during unsafe power loss operations.
3.
Wear Indicator: Endurance tracking mechanism based on maximum number of NAND erase operations
performed on any band over the life of the device.
See Log Sense Page 2Fh - SMART Status and Temperature Reading for tracking percentage of failure threshold for
these parameters.
Non-recoverable equipment errors indicate a defective drive.
9.4
MTBF (Mean Time Between Failure)
The estimated MTBF for the SSD is 2M (Million) hours. The MTBF target is derived from a sample population and
is estimated by statistical measurements and acceleration algorithms under nominal operating conditions. MTBF
ratings are not intended to predict reliability for an individual drive. The MTBF does not constitute a warranty.
9.5
Preventive Maintenance
No preventative maintenance is required. There are no parts, assemblies or subassemblies that can be repaired by the
user. Unauthorized repairs to the SSD will void the warranty.
9.6
Temperature Warning
Temperature Warning is enabled by setting the EWASC (Enable Warning Additional Sense Code) bit to 1 and
setting DEXCPT (Disable Exception Control) bit to 0 in Mode Page 1C. For mode page settings, refer to Section
“Mode Page 1Ch - Informational Exceptions Control” on page 158. The warning is issued as sense data (Sense Key
01h, Code 0Bh, Qual 01h).
The drive temperature is reported in Log Sense Page 2Fh. See Log Sense Page 2Fh - SMART Status and
Temperature Reading.
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10 Mechanical Specifications
10.1
Outline
Figure 3: Enclosure Outline
10.2
Mechanical Dimensions
Table 38: Physical Dimensions
Dimension
Value
Height
15.00+0.00 / -0.50
Width
69.85±0.25
Length (Base)
100.45 Max.
Length (Including Connector)
100.75 Max.
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10.3
Weights (Grams)
Model
Capacity
Weight (Grams)
250GB
151
400GB
155
500GB
146
800GB
155
1000GB
149
1600GB
149
200GB
152
400GB
146
80GB
151
1600GB
149
100GB
153
200GB
154
400GB
146
800GB
149
RI
ME
HE
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Figure 4: Mechanical Dimensions
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10.4
Mounting Positions and Mounting Holes
Figure 5: Mounting Positions and Mounting Holes
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10.5
Interface Connector
The interface conforms to the specification SFF-8223, 2.5-Inch Drive Form Factor with Serial Connector.
Figure 6: Interface Connector
10.6
Drive Mounting
The drive will operate in all axes (6 directions). Performance and error rate will stay within specification limits if the
drive is operated in the other orientations from which it was formatted.
The recommended mounting screw torque is 0.45 Nm (4.5 Kgf-cm). The recommended mounting screw depth is 2.5
mm maximum for bottom and 3.0 mm maximum for horizontal mounting.
Drive level vibration tests and shock tests are to be conducted with the drive mounted to a table using the bottom
four screws.
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11 Acoustics, Vibration and Shock
11.1
Acoustics
All SSD models have no acoustics, (0dB).
11.2
Operating Vibration
11.2.1
Random Vibration
The drive is designed to operate without unrecoverable errors while being subjected to the vibration levels as
defined below.
The assessments are carried out during 30 minutes of random vibration using the power spectral density (PSD)
levels as follows.
No Errors: 2.17 G RMS, 5-700 Hz, flat PSD profile for each of the three mutually perpendicular axes.
Note: The specified levels are measured at the mounting points.
11.2.2
Swept Sine Vibration
The drive will meet the criterion while operating in the respective conditions as described below.
No errors: 2.17 G RMS, 5-700 Hz.
11.3
Non-Operating Vibration
The drive will not sustain permanent damage or loss of recorded data after being subjected to the environments as
described below.
11.3.1
Random Vibration
The test consists of a random vibration applied for each of the three mutually perpendicular axes at a duration of ten
minutes per axis:
3.13 Grms, 5-800Hz, flat PSD profile.
11.3.2
Swept Sine Vibration
The test consists of a swept sine vibration applied to each of the three mutually perpendicular axes:
3.13 Grms, 10-800 Hz
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11.4
Operating Shock
The drive will meet the following criteria while operating in the respective conditions as described below.
No data loss:
1000G, @0.5ms duration, half sine wave shock pulse
500G, @ 2ms duration, half sine wave shock pulse
The shock pulses of each level are applied to the drive, ten pulses for each direction and for all three mutually
perpendicular axes. There must be a minimum of thirty seconds delay between shock pulses. The input level is
applied to a base plate where the drive is attached using four mounting screws.
11.4.1
Non-Operating Shock
The drive will not sustain permanent damage or loss of data after being subjected to the environments as described
in the following sections.
11.4.2
Half-Sine Wave Shock Pulse
The shocks are applied in each direction of the drive for the three mutually perpendicular axes, one axis at a time.
The input level is applied to a base plate where the drive is attached using four mounting screws.
100 G, 11ms duration, half sine wave pulse
500 G, 2ms duration, half sine wave pulse
1000 G, 0.5ms duration, half sine wave pulse
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12 Label Specification
12.1
Overview
The following certification marks may appear on the labels that are affixed to every drive shipped from the
manufacturing location in accordance with the appropriate drive assembly drawing. These labels may be integrated
with other labels.
12.2
Manufacturer Identification
A label with the “HGST, a Western Digital Company” logo, HGST model number and the statement “Made by
HGST,” or HGST approved equivalent.
12.3
Product Identification
The product label will consist of the following elements:

A label having the drive model number, manufacturing date, formatted capacity, and country of origin or
HGST approved equivalent.

Certification Marks: BSMI, CE, CSA /cUL / US, EIP, FCC, KCC, RCM, TUV, UL, VCCI and WEEE.

A bar code label symbolizing the drive serial number.

As per agreement, a user designed label.

Interface definition mark, SAS.
BSMI (Taiwan)
CE Mark (EU/EEA)
CSA, cUL, US
EIP (China RoHS)
FCC Mark (USA)
KCC (Korea)
RCM (Australia)
TUV
VCCI (Japan)
WEEE Directive
SAS
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13 Electromagnetic Compatibility
The drive, when installed in a suitable enclosure and exercised with a random access routine at a maximum data rate
will comply with the worldwide EMC requirements listed below. The drive is designed for system integration and
installation into a suitable enclosure for use. As such, the drive is supplied as a subassembly and is not subject to
Subpart B of Part 15 of the FCC Rules and Regulations.
The design of the drive serves to minimize radiated emissions when installed in an enclosure that provides
reasonable shielding. As such, the drive is capable of meeting FCC Class B limits; however, it is the user’s
responsibility to assure that the drive meets the appropriate EMC requirements in their system. Shielded I/O cables
may be required if the enclosure does not provide adequate shielding, with the shields grounded to the enclosure and
to the host computer.
13.1
Radiated and Conducted RF
CISPR22:2009/Am1:2010
CNS 13438:2006
EN 55022:2010
FCC Title 47 Part 15
GB9254-2008
ICES-003, Issue 5, 2012
VCCI V-3/2013-04
KN 22:2013-3 (RRA Notice)
KN 22:2013-24 (RRA Notice)
13.2
ITE Immunity
EN 55024:2010
KN 24:2013-4 (RRA Notice)
KN 24:2013-25 (RRA Notice)
13.3
(EU)
(China)
Voltage Fluctuations and Flicker
EN 61000-3-3:2008
GB 17625.2 1999
13.5
(EU)
(Korea)
(Korea)
Power Line Harmonic Emissions
EN61000-3-2:2006 Am1:2009, Am2:2009
GB17625.1 2003
13.4
(Australia, New Zealand)
(Taiwan)
(EU)
(USA)
(China)
(Canada)
(Japan)
(Korea)
(Korea)
(EU)
(China)
Immunity Specifications
KN 61000-4-2:2013-06
KN 61000-4-3:2011-10
KN 61000-4-4:2011-10
KN 61000-4-5:2008-05
KN 61000-4-6:2013-06
KN 61000-4-8:2013-06
KN 61000-4-11:2008-05
Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) Immunity
Radiated RF Immunity
Electrical Fast Transient/Burst (EFT/B) Immunity
Surge Immunity
Conducted RF Immunity
Power Frequency Magnetic Field Immunity
Voltage Dips and Interruptions Immunity
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13.6
Class B Regulatory Notices
13.6.1
European Union
The product conforms with the protection requirements of EU Council Directive 2004/108/EC on the
approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility. HGST cannot
accept responsibility for any failure to satisfy the protection requirements resulting from a non-recommended
modification of the product, including the fitting of non-HGST option cards.
This product has been tested and found to comply with the limits for Class B Information Technology Equipment
according to European Standard EN 55022. The limits for Class B equipment were derived for typical residential
environments to provide reasonable protection against interference with licensed communication devices.
13.6.2
Canada
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Cetappareilnumérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.
13.6.3
Germany
Deutschsprachiger EU Hinweis:
HinweisfürGeräte der Klasse B EU-RichtliniezurElektromagnetischenVerträglichkeit Dieses Produktentspricht den
Schutzanforderungen der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EC zurAngleichung der Rechtsvorschriftenüber die
elektromagnetischeVerträglichkeit in den EU-Mitgliedsstaaten. undhält die Grenzwerte der EN 55022 Klasse B ein. Um
dieses sicherzustellen, sind die Gerätewie in den Handbüchernbeschriebenzuinstallieren und zubetreiben. Des
Weiterendürfenauchnur von der HGST empfohleneKabelangeschlossenwerden. HGST übernimmtkeineVerantwortungfür
die Einhaltung der Schutzanforderungen, wenn das ProduktohneZustimmung der HGST verändertbzw.
wennErweiterungskomponenten von FremdherstellernohneEmpfehlung der HGST gesteckt/eingebautwerden.
Deutschland: Einhaltung des Gesetzesüber die elektromagnetischeVerträglichkeit von Geräten
Dieses Produktentsprichtdem "Gesetzüber die elektromagnetischeVerträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG)". Dies ist die
Umsetzung der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EC in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland.
ZulassungsbescheinigunglautdemDeutschenGesetzüber die elektromagneti-scheVerträglichkeit von Geräten
(EMVG) vom 20 July 2007 (bzw. der EMC EG Richtlinie 2004/108/EC) fürGeräte der Klasse B Dieses
Gerätistberechtigt, in ÜbereinstimmungmitdemDeutschen EMVG das EG-Konformitätszeichen - CE - zuführen.
Verantwortlichfür die KonformitätserklärungnachParagraf 5 des EMVG ist die HGST, a Western Digital company,
3403 Yerba Buena Road, San Jose, California 95135. Informationen in Hinsicht EMVG Paragraf 4 Abs. (1) 4:
Das Geräterfüllt die Schutzanforderungennach EN 55024 und EN 55022 Klasse B
13.6.4
Korea (KCC)
13.6.5
Taiwan (BSMI)
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14 Standards
The following sections outline the safety standards for different countries.
14.1
UL and C-UL Standard Conformity
The drive is certified under the following safety standards for use in Information Technology Equipment, including
Electrical Business Equipment:

EN 60950-1:2006 with A11:2009, A1:2010, A12:2011

IEC 60950-1:2005, Second Edition; Am 1:2009

UL 60950-1, Second Edition, 2011-12-19, USA

CSA C22.2 No. 60950-1-07, Second Edition, 2011-12, Canada
The UL recognition, or the C-UL certification, is maintained for the duration of the product manufacturing life
cycle. The UL and C-UL recognition marks appear on the drive label.
14.2
European Standards Compliance
This product is certified to the EN 60950-1:2006 with A11:2009, A1:2010, A12:2011 safety standard for Europe.
14.3
German Safety Mark
The product is certified by TUV to meet EN 60950-1:2006 with A11:2009, A1:2010, A12:2011 safety standard
under the Bauart Mark.
14.4
Flammability
The printed wiring boards, and connectors used in this drive meet or exceed the UL minimum flammability
classifications listed in the table below. The flammability ratings are marked on the printed wiring boards and flex
cables.
Component
Flammability Rating
Rigid Printed Wiring Board
Min. V-1
2.5-Inch SAS Connector
Min. V-2
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15 SAS Attachment
This section defines some basic terminology and describes the behavior of the drive when attached to a SerialAttached SCSI (SAS) domain.
15.1
General
This section introduces some of the terminology that is used in describing Serial Attached SCSI (i.e. SAS).
SAS is logically a bi-directional, point to point serial data channel that leverages the SCSI protocol set. Nodes are
physically connected via a Port. Ports may be connected point-to-point via SAS expanders, to form a complex
switching network, referred to as a SAS domain.
SAS is defined in terms of a hierarchy of functions or 'protocol layers'. This discussion will focus in on the aspects
of SAS that are relevant to this product.

SCSI Application Layer - Clause 10

SSP Transport Layer (Serial SCSI Protocol) - Clause 9

SAS Port Layer - Clause 8

SSP Link Layer - Clause 7

SAS PHY Layer - Clause 6

SAS Physical Layer - Clause 5
All layers are defined in the following ANSI standard.

"SAS Protocol Layer - 2 (SPL-2)"
In addition, this drive claims compliance with the following ANSI standards.

SCSI Architecture Model (SAM-5)

SCSI Block Commands (SBC-3)
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15.2
SAS Features
15.2.1
Supported SAS Features
The following SAS features are supported:
 SAS Compliance
 Serial Attached SCSI - 3 (SAS-3)
 SAS Protocol
 Serial SCSI Protocol (SSP)
 SAS Dual Ported Operation
o Single PHY ports (i.e. Narrow port) or optional Wide Port at 6G.
o Ports function independently with separate firmware controls.
o Multiple DMA engines capable of accessing either port.
o Maximum outstanding credit of four per port.
 Physical Link Rates
o G2 (3.0 Gbps), G3 (6.0 Gbps), and G4 (12.0 Gbps) supported at Narrow Port
o G2 (3.0 Gbps) and G3 (6.0 Gbps) supported at Wide Port.
o Largely Automated OOB and speed negotiation sequences.
o Optional Support for the hot-plug timeout in hardware.
o Spread Spectrum Clocking
 Interface Power Management
o Partial Supported
o Slumber Supported
 Partial Support for Disconnect/Reconnect Mode Page 0x02
o Maximum Connect Time Limit is supported.
o Maximum Burst Size is supported.
 Other
o Connection Rate Matching
o Hard Reset primitive sequence detection and validation in hardware.
o Support for NOTIFY (Power Loss Expected).
o NOTIFY (Enable Spin-up) is ignored.
o Hashed WWN validation in hardware.
o Extended CDB support.
15.2.2
Unsupported SAS Features
The following SAS features are not supported:
 STP (Tunneled SATA) and SMP (Management Protocol) protocols (SAS Dual Ported Operation).
 Wide Port at 12G (Physical Link Rates).
 Bus Inactivity Time Limit (Partial Support for Disconnect/Reconnect Mode Page 0x02).
 First Burst Size (Partial Support for Disconnect/Reconnect Mode Page 0x02).
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15.3
SAS Names and Identifiers
In SAS, device and port names are worldwide unique names within a transport protocol. Port identifiers are the
values by which ports are identified within a domain, and are used as SAS addresses. Phy identifiers are unique
within a device.
Table 39: Names and Identifiers
Object
SAS Implementation
Port Identifier
SAS Address
Port Name
Not defined.
Device Name
SAS Address
Phy Identifier
Phy Identifier
Where the SAS Address format is defined by ANSI as follows:
BIT
Byte
0
7
6
5
4
NAA (5h)
3
2
1
0
MSB of IEEE Company ID
1
IEEE Company ID
2
3
LSB of IEEE Company ID
MSB of Vendor Specific Identifier
4
5
Vendor Specific Identifier
6
7
The SAS Device Name is a unique SAS address worldwide name. This device name is reported through the SCSI
Vital Products Data.
Each of the two SAS ports also has a unique SAS address worldwide name. These port identifiers are reported in the
IDENTIFY Address frame and are used as source and destination addresses in the OPEN address frame. They are
also reported through the SCSI Vital Products Data.
Since this drive is one device with two ports it has three SAS addresses. All SAS Addresses are in 64-bit IEEE
Registered Name format, as shown in the following table.
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Table 40: IEEE Registered Name Format
Bit
63-60
59-36
35-24
23-2
1-0
0101
OUI in Canonical Form
Block Assignment
S/N
Object
The Name Address Authority field (5h) specifies the format used for the rest of the name as follows:
Field
Description
Organizationally Unique Identifier (24 bits). Canonical form means
that each byte is stored in “bit reversed” order.
OUI
Block Assignment
Object
S/N
Block assignment within HGST, a Western Digital Company
Device Name/Port Identifier
00b Device
01b Port 1
10b Port 2
11b Not assigned
Sequentially increasing drive serial number assigned at manufacturing.
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15.4
PHY Layer
The PHY Layer defines 8b10b encoding and OOB signals. The PHY Layer is the interface between the link layer
and the physical layer. This section describes Phy Layer behaviors of the Drive. For a complete description of SAS
Phy Layer, see the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) specification, SPL-2 on the web at Ansi.org.
15.4.1
Link Reset Sequence
The Link Reset sequences for SAS are defined in the SPL-2 ANSI specification with a general overview shown
below. As shown in the diagram, a Phy Reset sequence consists of an OOB sequence followed by speed negotiation.
Link Reset sequences will always include a Phy Reset sequence followed by an Identification sequence. Inclusion of
a Hard Reset sequence is optional. If Hard Reset is performed, it will be preceded by a Phy Reset sequence and
followed by a Phy Reset sequence and an Identification sequence.
Figure 7: Link Reset Sequence
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15.4.2
Hard Reset
A Hard Reset sequence on a port will not affect the other port, but the outstanding commands on the other port will
be aborted due to the LUN reset associated with the Hard Reset. The effect of a Hard Reset will be similar to a
Power on Reset, and will result in the re-initialization of all Drive resources. The first command issued from every
initiator on the port that received the Hard Reset will result in a CHECK CONDITION with a sense key of UNIT
ATTENTION and an additional sense code of SCSI BUS RESET OCCURRED. The first command issued from
every initiator on the other port will result in a CHECK CONDITION and an additional sense code of BUS
DEVICE RESET OCCURRED.
A Hard Reset Sequence will never be issued by the Drive. A link reset will be initiated by the drive on the affected
port upon completion of Hard Reset processing.
15.4.3
SAS OOB (Out of Band)
Out of Band (OOB) signals are low-speed signal patterns detected by the Phy that do not appear in normal data
streams. They consist of defined amounts of idle time followed by defined amounts of burst time. During the idle
time, D.C. idle is transmitted. During the burst time, ALIGN (0) primitives are transmitted repeatedly. The signals
are differentiated by the length of idle time between the burst times.
As a SAS- compliant device, the drive uses three OOB signals: COMINIT/COMRESET and COMWAKE and
COMSAS.OOB operations are beyond the scope of this specification. Please refer to the ANSI SPL-2 specification
for more details.
The drive will initiate OOB by sending COMINITs, under the following conditions:



POR
Loss of sync
Identify timeout
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15.4.4
SAS Speed Negotiation
The Drive supports G2 (3.0 Gbps), G3 (6.0 Gbps), and G4 (12.0 Gbps) negotiation speeds. The default maximum
negotiation rate is G4 speed (per byte 32 in the Phy Control and Discover Mode Page 19 subpage 1). The drive is a
SAS3 device and supports SNW-1, SNW-2, SNW-3 speed negotiation with Phy capabilities exchange, and both
transmitter training (Train_Tx-SNW, at 12G only) and receiver training (Train_Rx-SNW or Train-SNW). The PHY
capabilities of the drive are defined in table below:
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
Start
TX SSC
=(1b)
Type=0
G1
G1
G2
G2
G3
G3
G4
G4
without
without
without
without
without
with
with
with
SSC=0b
SSC=0b
SSC=1b
SSC=1b
SSC=1b
SSC=1b
SSC=1b
SCC=1b
0
1
2
3













4
3
Reserved
2
1
0
Requested Logical Link Rate = 0h
Reserved
Reserved
Parity
Start bit is set to 1 to indicate the beginning of the Phy capabilities
TX SSC TYPE is set to 1 to indicate that Phy's transmitter uses center-spreading - SSC when SSC is
enabled.
A TX SSC TYPE bit is set to 0 to indicate that Phy's transmitter uses down-spreading SSC when SSC is
enabled.
Request Logical Link Rate Field is set to 0 to indicate that drive does not support multiplexing
G1 Without SSC is set to 0 to indicate that drive does not support G1(1.5 Gbps) without SSC
G2 Without SSC is set to 1 to indicate that drive supports G2(3.0 Gbps) without SSC
G3 Without SSC is set to 1 to indicate that drive supports G3(6.0 Gbps) without SSC
G4 Without SSC is set to 1 to indicate that drive supports G4(12.0 Gbps) without SSC
G1 With SSC is bit set to 0 to indicate that drive does not support G1(1.5 Gbps) with SSC
G2 With SSC is bit set to 1 to indicate that drive supports G2(3.0 Gbps) with SSC
G3 With SSC is bit set to 1 to indicate that drive supports G3(6.0 Gbps) with SSC
G4 With SSC is bit set to 1 to indicate that drive supports G4(12.0 Gbps) with SSC
Parity is set to 1 for even parity of the total number of SNW-3 Phy capabilities, including Start bit.
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Training is based on the highest untried commonly supported settings on the exchanged SNW-3 supported settings
bits. If a Train-SNW is invalid and there are additional, untried, commonly supported settings exchanged during
SNW-3, then a new Train-SNW will be performed based on the next highest untried, commonly supported settings.
The following table defines the priority of the supported settings bits.
Table 41: Supported Settings Bit Priorities
15.4.5
Priority
Bit
Highest
G4 With SSC bit
...
G4 Without SSC bit
...
G3 With SSC bit
...
G3 Without SSC bit
...
G2 With SSC bit
Lowest
G2 Without SSC bit
PHY Error Handling
This section defines the PHY layer error handling of the drive.
Error
Error Handling Procedure
Link Reset
After POR or Hard Reset, the drive initiates link reset by
transmitting exactly 1 COMINIT. For other resets, the drive does
not initiate Link Reset.
COMINIT Timeout
If COMINIT or COMSAS is not received before the "Hot Plug
Timeout" period expires, the drive continues to transmit DC zero
and wait for COMINIT/COMSAS. Firmware is notified. This is not
considered an error.
COMSAS Timeout
If COMINIT is detected, COMSAS is transmitted, and COMSAS is
not received before the COMSAS Detect Timeout timer expires,
firmware is notified and the drive continues to transmit DC zero
and wait for COMINIT.
Speed Negotiation Errors
If speed negotiation fails with no match, or if the drive fails retrying
the matched link rate, firmware is notified and the drive continues
to transmit DC zero and wait for COMINIT. If the match link rate
retry fails, the Phy Reset Problem counter is incremented (Log Page
0x18).
Loss of Sync
If the drive loses DWORD sync long enough for the loss of sync
timer to expire, firmware is notified and the drive transmits a
COMINIT to initiate a new link reset. The Loss of DWORD sync
counter is incremented (Log Page 0x18).
Disparity/Invalid DWORD Error
If a disparity error or an invalid DWORD is detected by the drive,
the Invalid DWORD Count is incremented (Log Page 0x18). The
Running Disparity Error Count in Log Page 0x18 is not used
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15.4.6
Power Management
This drive supports SAS Slumber Power Down and SAS Partial Power Down. More information on SAS
Partial/Slumber Power Down can be found in SAS Protocol Layer 2 (SPL-2).
Partial Capable - If enabled and supported by host, drive will request Partial after 500µs.
Slumber Capable - If enabled and supported by host, drive will request Slumber after 1000ms.
SAS Power Management Features can be enabled or disabled by the host via a Mode Select to Mode Page 0x19
subpage 0x3 (More information can be found at Mode Page 0x19 subpage 0x3, currently 16.10.12.5)
15.5
Link Layer
The SAS link layer defines primitives, address frames, and connections. The Link layer is the interface between the
Port layer and the Phy layer. This section describes Link Layer behaviors of the Drive. For a complete description of
SAS Link Layer, please see the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) specification, SPL-2 on the web at
Ansi.org.
15.5.1
Address Frames
Address frames are used for the identification sequence and for connection requests and are only sent outside
connections. The Address Frame format is defined below:
Table 42: Address Frame Format
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
RSVD
5
4
3
Device Type
2
0
Address Frame Type
1-27
Frame Type Dependent Bytes
28-31
CRC

1
The ADDRESS FRAME TYPE indicates the type of address frame and is defined in the following table.
This field determines the definition of the frame type dependent bytes.
Table 43: Frame Type
Value
Address Frame Type Description
0000b
IDENTIFY: Identification Sequence
0001b
OPEN: Connection Request
Others
Reserved
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15.5.1.1
Identify Address Frame
The IDENTIFY address frame format is used for the identification sequence. The IDENTIFY address frame is sent
after the Phy reset sequence completes. The Identify Address Frame format is defined as follows:
Table 44: Identify Address Frame
Bit
Byte
7
0
RSVD
6
5
4
3
Device Type = 1h
1
0
Address Frame Type = 0
1
Reserved
Reason
2
Reserved
SSP
Initiator
Port
STP
Initiator
Port
SMP
Initiator
Port
RSVD
3
Reserved
SSP
Target
Port
STP
Target
Port
SMP
Target
Port
RSVD
Inside
ZPSDS
Persistent
Requested
Inside
ZPSDS
Break_Reply
Capable
4-11
Device Name
12-19
SAS Address
20
PHY Identifier
RSVD
21
Power
Capable
Slumber
Capable
Partial
Capable
22-27
Reserved
28-31
CRC














2
Device Type is set to 001b to indicate that this drive is an "End Device".
Address Frame Type is set to 00b to indicate that this is an IDENTIFY.
Reason indicates the reason for link reset sequence as defined in the following table
Initiator Port bits is set to 000b since this device is a target device only
Target Port bits is set to 100b since this device is a SSP target device only
Device Name contains Target Device Identifier
SAS ADDRESS contains the port identifier of the SAS port transmitting this frame.
PHY Identifier contains the PHY identifier of the PHY transmitting this frame.
Power Capable is set to 00b to indicate drive does not support device power modes
Slumber Capable is set to 1b to indicate drive supports slumber power PHY mode
Partial Capable is set to 1b to indicate PHY supports break power mode
Inside ZPSDS Persistent is set to 0b since this is an "End Device"
Requested Inside ZPSDS is set to 0b since this is an "End Device"
Break_Reply Capable is set to 1b to indicate that this port is capable of sending BREAK_REPLY primitive
sequence in responding of receiving BREAK primitive sequences
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Table 45: Reason Field
Value
Address Frame Type Description
00b
Power On
01b
OPEN: Connection Request
02b
Hard Reset (received a Hard Reset during hard reset sequence)
04b
Loss of DWord Synchronization
07b
Break Timeout Timer Expired
08b
Phy Test Function Stopped
Others
Reserved
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15.5.1.2
OPEN Address Frame
The OPEN address frame format is used for the identification sequence. The OPEN address frame is sent after the
Phy reset sequence completes. The OPEN Address Frame format is defined as follows:
Bit
Byte
7
0
Initiator
Port=0
1
6
5
4
3
Protocol = 1
2
Features = 0
Connection Rate = 8h or 9h or Ah or Bh
Initiator Connection Tag
4-11
Destination SAS Address
12-19
Source SAS Address
20
Source Zone Group
21
Pathway Blocked Count
22-23
Arbitration Wait Time
24-27
More Compatible Features
28-31
CRC







0
Address Frame Type = 1
2-3




1
Initiator Port is set to zero when the Drive is the source port acting as a SAS target.
Protocol is set to 001b to indicate SSP Protocol.
Features is set to zero and ignored by the Drive per SPL-2.
Connection Rate is set to 8h (1.5Gbps) or 9h (3Gbps) or Ah (6Gbps) or Bh (12Gbps), depending on
requested link rate. Rate matching is supported by the Drive, therefore if the Link to the drive is 3.0Gbps,
and the Connection Rate is 1.5Gbps, the Drive will insert ALIGNs between DWords, to match the
Connection Rate.
Initiator Connection Tag: The Drive will set this value to the last value received from this Initiator.
Destination SAS Address contains the port identifier of the SAS port to which a connection is being
requested.
Source SAS Address contains the port identifier on the port that originated this frame (i.e. the drive’s port
address).
Source Zone Group is set to zero and ignored by the Drive per SPL-2.
Pathway Blocked Count indicates the number of times the port has retried this connection request due to
receiving OPEN_REJECT (PATHWAY BLOCKED). The Drive will not increment the PATHWAY
BLOCKED COUNT value past FFh.
Arbitration Wait Time indicates how long the port transmitting the OPEN address frame has been waiting
for a connection request to be accepted. For values from 0000h to 7FFFh, the Arbitration Wait Time timer
increments in one microsecond steps. For values from 8000h to FFFFh, the Arbitration Wait Time timer
increments in one millisecond step.
More Compatible Features is set to zero and ignored by the Drive per SPL-2.
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15.5.2
Link Layer Error Handling
This section defines the link layer error handling of the drive.
Error
Error Handling Procedure
IDENTIFY Timeout
If IDENTIFY is not received before the IDENTIFY timer
expires (1ms), firmware is notified and the drive transmits a
COMINIT to initiate a new link reset.
BREAK Received
If BREAK is received while the drive has ACK/NAK
balance, BREAK or BREAK_REPLY is transmitted and a
new connection may be opened if the drive still has frames
to transmit. Firmware is not notified. If BREAK is received
while the drive does NOT have ACK/NAK balance,
BREAK or BREAK_REPLY is transmitted and the current
command is aborted and will return Check Condition status
with sense data indicating an ACK/NAK timeout.
NAK and ACK/NAK Timeout
If a NAK is received on a RESPONSE frame, the
RESPONSE frame is retransmitted with the RETRANSMIT
bit set to zero. If an ACK or NAK is not received for a
RESPONSE frame within 1ms, the RESPONSE frame will
be retransmitted with the RETRANSMIT bit set to one. The
drive will retry sending a RESPONSE frame once.
Bad Frame CRC
If a frame fails the CRC check, the frame is NAKed by the
drive and discarded. This is a link layer function. The
command associated with a NAKed DATA or XFER_RDY
frame is aborted with check condition status and sense data
corresponding to DATA_PHASE_ERROR is returned.
COMMAND frames that fail the CRC check are NAKed
and discarded.
OPEN_REJECT
OPEN_REJECT – Retrievable Variations
OPEN_REJECT (RETRY) - Will be retried indefinitely by
the drive. This case is considered to occur when the initiator
is temporarily not available to accept connections.
OPEN_REJECT (RATE_NOT_SUPPORTED) - If this
occurs, it must mean that a link between the drive and
initiator negotiated to a lower link rate after the command
was received. The drive will retry the connection at a lower
rate, and if a connection eventually fails for this reason at
1.5 Gbps, the command is internally aborted.
OPEN REJECT(PATHWAY_BLOCKED)- Handled the
same as OPEN_REJECT(RETRY)
OPEN_REJECT(NO DESTINATION) - Handled the same
as OPEN_REJECT(RETRY)
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Error
Error Handling Procedure
OPEN_REJECT – Non-Retryable Variations - If these are
received, the command is internally aborted by the drive.
OPEN_REJECT (BAD_DESTINATION).
OPEN_REJECT(WRONG_DESTINATION)
OPEN REJECT(PROTOCOL_NOT_SUPPORTED)
Credit Timeout
If credit is not received before the credit timer expires,
DONE (CREDIT_TIMEOUT) is sent to the Initiator.
DONE Timeout
If credit is extended and the DONE timer expires, BREAK
is sent by hardware to tear down the connection.
CREDIT_BLOCKED
If CREDIT BLOCKED is received and the drive has frames
to send in the current connection, DONE
(CREDIT_TIMEOUT) is returned. Otherwise, DONE
(NORMAL) is returned.
OPEN Frame Checking
Reserved fields in the OPEN frame are not checked.
The Dest Address field is checked, and if it doesn’t match
OPEN_REJECT (WRONG_DESTINATION) is returned.
The Protocol field is checked and if it isn’t set to SSP
OPEN_REJECT (PROTOCOL_NOT_SUPPORTED) is
returned.
If the Link Rate exceeds the physical link rate on that port,
OPEN_REJECT (LINK_RATE_NOT_SUPPORTED) is
returned.
The Initiator bit is not checked.
OPEN Response Timeout
If AIP or OPEN_ACCEPT is not received before the OPEN
Response timer expires, the hardware transmits BREAK.
CLOSE Timeout
If CLOSE is not received before the CLOSE timer expires,
the hardware transmits BREAK.
Phy Not Ready
If Link Reset occurs outside of a connection, commands can
execute normally across the link reset. If a link reset occurs
inside of a connection, the behavior is similar to BREAK in
that it is treated as an abruptly closed connection. In cases
where the command cannot be continued normally (e.g. a
frame is corrupted by OOB signals, or we do not have
ACK/NAK balance), the command is terminated with
CHECK CONDITION status with sense data corresponding
to ACK/NAK TIMEOUT.
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15.6
Transport Layer
The Transport layer defines frame formats. The Transport layer is the interface between the application layer and
port layer. It is responsible for constructing and parsing frame contents. For SSP, the transport layer only receives
frames from the port layer that are going to be ACKed by the link layer. This section describes Transport Layer
behaviors of the Drive. For a complete description of SAS Transport Layer, please the American National Standards
Institute (ANSI) specification, SPL-2 on the web at Ansi.org.
The transport layer defines the frame format as follows.
Table 46: SAS Frame Format
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Retry Data
Frames =0b
Retransmit
RSVD
0
Frame Type
1-3
Hashed Destination Address
4
Reserved
5-7
Hashed Source Address
8-9
Reserved
10
11
Reserved
TLR Control = 00b
Reserved
Number of Fill Bytes
12-15
Reserved
16-17
Tag
18-19
Target Port Transfer Tag
20-23
Data Offset
24-m
Information Unit
Fill Bytes (if needed)
(n-3)-n
CRC
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










Frame Type field, which defines the format of the INFORMATION UNIT field as follows:
Code
Name of Frame
Information Unit
Originator
IU Size (bytes)
01h
DATA
Data
Initiator or Target
1-1024
05h
XFER_RDY
Data Transfer Ready
Target
12
06h
COMMAND
Command
Initiator
28-284
07h
RESPONSE
Response
Target
24-1024
16h
TASK
Task Management
Function
Initiator
28
f0-ffh
Vendor-Specific
all others
Reserved
Hashed Destination SAS Address contains the hashed value of the destination SAS address.
Hashed Source SAS Address contains the hashed value of the source SAS address.
TLR Control is not supported.
Retry Data Frames is not supported.
Changing Data Pointer is not supported.
Number of Fill Bytes indicates the number of fill bytes between the INFORMATION UNIT field and the
CRC field. The Retransmit bit is set to one for RESPONSE frames when attempting to retransmit this
frame due to receiving an error during the initial transmission. It shall be set to zero for all other frame
types. The Number of Fill Bytes field shall be set to zero for all frame types except DATA frames.
Tag contains a value that allows the SSP port to establish a context for commands and task management
functions.
Target Port Transfer Tag is set and used by the drive. The initiator should echo this field in outbound data
IU.
Information Unit contains the information unit, the format of which is defined by the FRAME TYPE field.
Fill bytes shall be included after the INFORMATION UNIT field so the CRC field is aligned on a four byte
boundary.
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15.6.1
Command Information Unit
The COMMAND frame is sent by an SSP initiator port to request that a command be processed by the drive.
Table 47: COMMAND Information Unit
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0-7
Logical Unit Number
8
Reserved
9
Disable
First
Burst=0
Reserved
10
Reserved
11
Additional CDB Length (DWords)
CDB
28-n
Additional CDB Bytes


1
0
Task Attribute
12-27



2
Reserved
Logical Unit Number contains the address of the logical unit. The drive only supports a LUN of 0’s.
Disable First Burst is not supported by the drive
Task Attribute is defined as follows:
Value
Attribute
000b
Simple_Q
001b
Head_of_Q
010b
Ordered_Q
100b
ACA_Q (not supported)
101b
Reserved
Additional CDB Length contains the length in DWords (four bytes) of the ADDITIONAL CDB field.
CDB and Additional CDB Bytes together contain the CDB.
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15.6.2
TASK Information Units
Table 48: TASK Information Unit
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0-7
Logical Unit Number
8-9
Reserved
10
Task Management Function
11
Reserved
12-13
Tag of Task to be Managed
14-27
Reserved


2
1
0
Logical Unit Number contains the address of the logical unit. The drive only supports a LUN of 0’s.
Task Management Function is defined as follows:
Value
Function
01h
ABORT TASK: The Drive shall perform the ABORT TASK associated with the value of
the TAG OF TASK TO BE MANAGED field.
02h
ABORT TASK SET: The Drive shall perform the ABORT TASK SET by aborting all
outstanding tasks for the Initiator that sent the TMF.
04h
CLEAR TASK SET: This TMF causes the Drive to abort all tasks in the task set. The
action is equivalent to receiving a series of Abort Task requests from all Initiators.
A unit attention condition shall be generated for all other Initiators with tasks in the task
set. The Additional Sense Code shall be Commands cleared by another Initiator.
08h
LUN RESET: The LUN RESET causes the Target to execute a hard reset. This means:
Abort all tasks for all Initiators on either both ports.
Release any device reservation on either port.
Set a Unit Attention condition for all Initiators.
10h
I_T NEXUS RESET: The I_T NEXUS RESET causes the Drive to abort all outstanding
tasks for the Initiator that sent the TMF. In addition, a Unit Attention is set for the initiator
that sent the TMF, indicating I_T NEXUS LOSS. This TMF does not affect task sets for
other initiators.
40h
CLEAR ACA (not supported)
80h
QUERY TASK: The drive shall return a response of FUNCTION SUCCEEDED if the
specified task exists, or FUNCTION COMPLETE if the specified task does not exist.
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Value


Function
81h
QUERY TASK SET: The drive shall return a response of FUNCTION SUCCEEDED if
there is any task exist, or FUNCTION COMPLETE if there is no task exist.
82h
QUERY ASYNCHRONOUS EVENT (formerly QUERY UNIT ATTENTION): The
drive shall return a response of FUNCTION SUCCEEDED if there is a unit attention or a
deferred error pending, or FUNCTION COMPLETE if there is no unit attention or no
deferred error pending.
others
RESERVED: The Drive will return a RESPONSE frame with the DATAPRES field set to
RESPONSE_DATA and its RESPONSE CODE field set to TASK MANAGEMENT
FUNCTION NOT SUPPORTED.
If TMF is set to ABORT TASK or QUERY TASK, Tag of Task to Be Managed specifies the Tag value
from the COMMAND frame that contained the task to be aborted or checked. For all other TMF’s, this
field is ignored.
If TMF is set to QUERY ASYNCHRONOUS EVENT, the Additional Response Information argument is
set to 000000h for the response of FUNCTION COMPLETE. If the response is FUNCTION SUCCEED,
the Additional Response Information argument is set as defined in the following table.
Table 49: Additional Response Information Argument for Query Async Event
Bit
Byte
0




7
6
Reserved
5
4
3
UADE Depth
1
Additional Sense Code
2
Additional Sense Code Qualifier
2
1
0
Sense Key
UADE Depth is the number of pending unit attention conditions or deferred errors.
Sense Key is the value of the SENSE KEY field in the highest-priority pending unit attention condition or
deferred error.
Additional Sense Code is the value of the ADDITIONAL SENSE CODE field in the highest-priority
pending unit attention condition or deferred error.
Additional Sense Code Qualifier is the value of the ADDITIONAL SENSE CODE QUALIFIER field in
the highest-priority pending unit attention condition or deferred error.
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Table 50: UADE DEPTH Field
Code
Description
00b
The combined number of unit attention conditions and deferred errors is unknown.
01b
The combined number of unit attention conditions and deferred errors is one.
10b
The combined number of unit attention conditions and deferred errors is greater than one.
11b
Reserved
15.6.3
XFER_RDY Information Units
The XFER_RDY frame is sent by the drive to request write data (i.e., out bound data) from the initiator.
Table 51: XFER_RDY Information Unit
Bit
Byte


7
6
5
4
3
0-3
Requested Offset
4-7
Write Data Length
8-11
Reserved
2
1
0
Requested Offset contains the buffer offset of the segment of write data the Initiator may transmit to the
Drive (using DATA frames). The requested offset shall be a multiple of four.
Write Data Length contains the number of bytes of write data the Initiator may transmit to the Drive (using
DATA frames) from the requested offset.
15.6.4
DATA Information Units
The DATA frame is sent by the Drive to the Initiator (in bound data) or by the Initiator to the Drive (out bound
data).
Table 52: DATA Information Unit
Bit
Byte
0-(n-1)
7
6
5
4
3
2
Data
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1
0
15.6.5
RESPONSE Information Units
The RESPONSE frame is sent by the Drive to the Initiator (in bound data) or by the Initiator to the Drive (out bound
data).
Table 53: Response Information Unit
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0-7
Reserved
8-9
Retry Delay Timer
10
2
Reserved
0
DataPres
11
Status
12-15
Reserved
16-19
Sense Data Length (n bytes)
20-23
Response Data Length (m bytes)
24-(24+m)
Response Data
(24+m) (23+m+n)
Sense Data

1
Retry Delay Timer contains the retry delay timer code which is defined as follows:
Status Code
Retry Delay Timer Code
BUSY
0000h
QUEUE FULL
Description
Same as normal busy.
0001h-FFEFh
The number of 100 millisecond increments that the
initiator should wait before sending another command to
the drive.
FFF0h-FFFDh
Reserved
FFEFh
Initiator should stop sending commands to drive.
FFFFh
Drive is not able to accept the command.
0001h-FFEFh
Initiator should wait before sending another command to
the Drive until:
a) At least the number of 100 millisecond
increments indicated in the Retry Delay Timer Code
field have elapsed; or
b) A command addressed to the drive completes.
FFF0h-FFFFh
Reserved
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Status Code
Retry Delay Timer Code
GOOD
0000h-FFFFh
Reserved
CHECK CONDITION
0000h-FFFFh
Reserved
CONDITION MET
0000h-FFFFh
Reserved
RESERVATION
CONFLICT
0000h-FFFFh
Reserved
ACA ACTIVE
0000h-FFFFh
Reserved
TASK ABORT
0000h-FFFFh
Reserved

Description
DataPres indicates the format and content of the STATUS field, SENSE DATA LENGTH field,
RESPONSE DATA LENGTH field, RESPONSE DATA field, and SENSE DATA field.
Value
DataPres Description
00b
NO DATA: no data present.
01b
RESPONSE_DATA: response data present.
10b
SENSE_DATA: sense data present.
11b
Reserved
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Table 54: RESPONSE DATA
Bit
7
Byte

6
5
4
3
0-2
Reserved
3
Response Code
2
1
Response Codes are defined as follows:
Value
Response Code Description
00b
Task Management Function complete.
02b
Invalid Frame
04b
Task Management Function not supported.
05b
Task Management Function failed.
08b
Task Management Function succeeded.
09b
Invalid LUN
others
Reserved
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0
15.6.6
Sequences of SSP Information Units
SSP Information Units are used with each other to execute SCSI commands. This section provides a brief overview
of SAS SSP Information Unit sequences that would be required to complete a SCSI command.
Figure 8: SSP Information Unit Sequences
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15.6.7
Transport Layer Error Handling
This section defines the Transport layer error handling by the drive.
Error
Error Handling Procedure
SSP Header Field Checking
Reserved fields in SSP frames are not checked.
Data Offset Error
If a DATA frame with an invalid Data Offset is received, the command
associated with the DATA frame is aborted with Check Condition status
and sense data corresponding to a DATA OFFSET ERROR is returned.
I_T NEXUS Loss Timeout
If a connection cannot be established to an initiator before the I_T NEXUS
LOSS timer expires (Mode Page 0x19), all commands from the initiator are
internally aborted. The first new command received from the affected
Initiator results in a CHECK CONDITION with sense data corresponding
to I_T NEXUS LOSS OCCURRED.
Initiator Response Timeout
If DATA frames corresponding to an outstanding XFER_RDY frame are
not received before the Initiator Response timer expires (Mode Page 0x19),
the command is aborted with CHECK CONDITION status and sense data
corresponding to INITIATOR RESPONSE TIMEOUT is returned for the
affected command.
Data Overflow
If more data is received than requested via an XFER_RDY frame, the
affected command is aborted with CHECK CONDITION status with sense
data corresponding to TOO MUCH WRITE DATA is returned.
Invalid Target Port Transfer Tag
If a DATA frame is received and the TPTT is not set to the value used in
the corresponding XFER_RDY frame, the frame is discarded. If a
COMMAND or TASK frame is received with the TPTT set to a value other
than 0xFFFF, a RESPONSE frame with RESPONSE_DATA set to
INVALID FRAME is returned.
Invalid Frame Length
If a DATA frame is received with zero bytes of payload data, the frame is
discarded. This is not considered an error. If a COMMAND/TASK frame
that is too short is received, RESPONSE data corresponding to INVALID
FRAME is returned. The additional CDB length field of a COMMAND
frame is not checked for correctness. If a DATA frame is received with a
payload greater than 1024 bytes, the frame is discarded and the command is
aborted with CHECK CONDITION status and sense data corresponding to
DATA_PHASE_ERROR is returned.
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16 SCSI Command Set
A summary of the SCSI commands supported by the drives are listed below. O = Optional, M = Mandatory.
Table 55: SCSI Commands Supported
Type
Code
Description
Page
M
04h
FORMAT UNIT
124
M
12h
INQUIRY
129
O
4Ch
LOG SELECT
155
O
4Dh
LOG SENSE
158
O
15h
MODE SELECT (6)
188
O
55h
MODE SELECT (10)
189
O
1Ah
MODE SENSE (6)
190
O
5Ah
MODE SENSE (10)
223
O
5Eh
PERSISTENT RESERVE IN
224
O
5Fh
PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT
227
O
90h
PRE-FETCH (16)
231
O
34h
PRE-FETCH (10)
231
M
08h
READ (6)
232
M
28h
READ (10)
233
O
A8h
READ (12)
235
O
88h
READ (16)
236
O
7Fh/09h
READ (32)
237
O
3Ch
READ BUFFER
238
M
25h
READ CAPACITY (10)
245
O
9Eh/10h
READ CAPACITY (16)
246
O
37h
READ DEFECT DATA(10)
248
O
B7h
READ DEFECT DATA (12)
250
O
9Eh/11h
READ LONG (16)
253
O
3Eh
READ LONG (10)
252
O
07h
REASSIGN BLOCKS
254
O
1Ch
RECEIVE DIAGNOSTICS RESULTS
255
M
17h
RELEASE (6)
256
O
57h
RELEASE (10)
257
O
A3h/05h
REPORT DEVICE IDENTIFIER
258
O
A0h
REPORT LUNS
260
O
A3h/0Ch
REPORT SUPPORTED OPERATION CODES
261
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O
A3h/0Dh
REPORT SUPPORTED TASK MANAGEMENT FUNCTIONS
268
M
03h
REQUEST SENSE
270
M
16h
RESERVE (16)
271
O
56h
RESERVE (56)
272
O
01h
REZERO UNIT
273
O
48h
SANITIZE
274
O
A2h
SECURITY PROTCOL IN
275
O
B5h
SECURITY PROTCOL OUT
277
O
0Bh
SEEK (6)
275
O
2Bh
SEEK (10)
279
M
1Dh
SEND DIAGNOSTIC
280
O
A4h/06h
SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER
286
O
1Bh
START STOP UNIT
287
O
35h
SYNCHRONIZE CACHE (10)
288
O
91h
SYNCHRONIZE CACHE (16)
289
M
00h
TEST UNIT READY
290
O
42h
UNMAP
291
O
2Fh
VERIFY (10)
294
O
AFh
VERIFY (12)
296
O
8Fh
VERIFY (16)
296
O
7Fh/0Ah
VERIFY (32)
297
M
0Ah
WRITE (6)
298
M
2Ah
WRITE (10)
299
O
AAh
WRITE (12)
301
O
8Ah
WRITE (16)
301
O
7Fh/0Bh
WRITE (32)
302
O
2Eh
WRITE AND VERIFY (10)
303
O
AEh
WRITE AND VERIFY (12)
304
O
8Eh
WRITE AND VERIFY (16)
304
O
7Fh/0Ch
WRITE AND VERIFY (32)
305
O
3Bh
WRITE BUFFER
306
O
3Fh
WRITE LONG (10)
311
O
9Fh/11h
WRITE LONG (16)
315
O
41h
WRITE SAME (10)
316
O
93h
WRITE SAME (16)
317
O
7Fh/0Dh
WRITE SAME (32)
318
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16.1
SCSI Control Byte
The Control Byte is the last byte of every CDB, with the exception of 32-byte CDBs, where it is located at Byte 1.
The format of this byte is shown below.
Table 56: SCSI Control Byte
BIT
7
6
5
4
VU = 0
Field
3
Reserved
2
1
0
FLAG
LINK
Description
VU
Vendor-Unique
FLAG
If LINK is zero (0), FLAG must also be zero (0). If LINK is one (1), FLAG may
also be one (1). Typically this bit is used to cause an interrupt in the Initiator
between linked commands.
Note: The drive ignores the LINK bit and FLAG bit in the CDB.
16.2
Abbreviations
The following abbreviations are used throughout the following sections:
Abbreviation
Description
LUN
Logical Unit Number. An encoded three bit identifier for the logical unit.
VU
Vendor Unique
LBA
Logical Block Address
RSVD
Reserved
MSB
Most Significant Byte
LSB
Least Significant Byte
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16.3
FORMAT UNIT (04)
FORMAT UNIT (04) will request that the device server format the medium into application client accessible logical
blocks as specified in the number of blocks and block length values received in the last mode parameter block
descriptor in a MODE SELECT command. The device server may certify the medium and create control structures
for medium management and defects. The degree to which the medium is altered is vendor-specific.
Table 57: FORMAT UNIT (04)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
FMTPINFO
LONG LIST
FMTDATA
CMPLIST
2
VU = -
3-4
Obsolete
5
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.





2
1
0
Command code = 04h
0
1
3
Defect List Format
FMTPINFO Format Protection Information in combination with the Protection Field Usage field in the
Parameter List Header specifies whether or not the drive enables or disables the use of protection
information (see table defined in the Parameter List Header section).
LONGLIST is set to one to specify that the long parameter list header is to be used, or set to zero to specify
that the short parameter list header is to be used.
FMTDATA is set to one to specify that a Data-out phase follows the Command phase. The Data Out phase
consists of a Parameter List header, optionally followed by an Initialization Pattern Descriptor, optionally
followed by a Defect List. If FmtData=0, the following defaults are assumed: DPRY=0, DCRT=1,
STPF=1, IP=0, DSP=0, Immed=0.
CMPLIST is ignored.
Defect List Format is ignored.
Note: It is recommended that the MODE SELECT command be issued prior to the FORMAT UNIT
command to specify parameters that affect the formatting process.
The Block Length parameter of the Mode Select Parameter List’s Block Descriptor is used during
formatting and is saved following a successful format operation. If a MODE SELECT command has not
been issued since the last reset or start-up (bring-up) sequence, then the Block Length from the previous
format operation is used.
Subsequent to receiving a FORMAT UNIT command, the Target responds to commands as follows:
-
All commands except REQUEST SENSE and INQUIRY return Check Condition status, while the format
operation is an active I/O process.
-
When tagged queuing is enabled (DQue = 0), all commands except REQUEST SENSE and INQUIRY
return Queue Full status, while the FORMAT UNIT command is a queued I/O process.
-
When tagged queuing is disabled (DQue = 1), all commands except REQUEST SENSE and INQUIRY
return Busy status, while the FORMAT UNIT command is a queued I/O process.
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-
If a REQUEST SENSE command is received while a format operation is an active I/O process, the Target
returns Good status. The sense key is set to Not Ready and the additional sense code and qualifier is set to
Format in Progress.
-
If an INQUIRY command is received while a format operation is an active I/O process, the Target returns
Good status and Inquiry data as requested.
The format operation must complete successfully for the Drive to be usable. If the command is interrupted
by a reset, power down, or an unrecoverable error, the Drive enters a degraded mode of operation in which
reading and writing are prohibited. To exit the degraded mode, another FORMAT UNIT command must be
sent by the Initiator and completed successfully by the Target.
The FORMAT UNIT command sets the Unit Attention Condition for all Initiators except the one that
issued the FORMAT UNIT command.
16.3.1
Parameter List Header
Following is the format of the Parameter List Header sent during the data out phase when FmtData is set to one.
Table 58: Short Parameter List Header
Bit
Byte
7
6
4
3
2
Reserved
0
1
5
FOV
DPRY
DCRT
1
0
Protection Field Usage
STPF = 1
IP
Obsolete
Immed
VS
2
1
0
Defect List Length = 0
2-3
Table 59: Long Parameter List Header
Bit
Byte
7
6
FOV
DPRY
DCRT
4-7
3
Protection Field Usage
STPF = 1
IP
Obsolete
Immed
Reserved
2
3
4
Reserved
0
1
5
P_I_Information
Protection Interval Exponent
Defect List Length = 0
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VS

Protection Field Usage in combination with the format protection information (FMTPINFO) field in the
CDB specifies whether or not the drive enables or disables the use of protection information:
FMTPINFO
Protection Field Usage
Description
00h
000h
The drive will be formatted to Type 0 Protection.
01h
xxxh
Check Condition status will be returned with the sense key set to
Illegal Request and the additional sense code set to Invalid Field
in the CDB.
10h
000h
The drive will be formatted to Type 1 Protection.
11h
000h
The drive will be formatted to Type 2 Protection.
11h
001h
Type 3 protection is not supported - Check Condition status will
be returned with the sense key set to Illegal Request and the
additional sense code set to Invalid Field in the Parameter List.
All other combinations of FMTPINFO and Protection Field Usage will result in Check Condition status to be
returned with the sense key set to Illegal Request and the additional sense code set to Invalid Field in the Parameter
List.
Type 0 protection specifies that the drive shall disable the use of protection information and format to the block size
specified. Following a successful format, the PROT_EN bit in the READ CAPACITY (16) parameter data will
indicate that protection information is disabled.
Type 1 and Type 2 protection specifies that the drive shall enable the use of protection information and format to the
block size specified + 8 (e.g., if the block length is 512, then the formatted block length is 520). See format of data
below. When protection information is written during a FORMAT UNIT command, protection information shall be
written with a default value of all 0xFF's. Following a successful format, the PROT_EN bit in the READ
CAPACITY (16) parameter data will indicate that protection information is enabled and the P_TYPE field in the
READ CAPACITY (16) parameter data will indicate the protection type.
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0 ... n
User Data
n ... n+1
Logical Block Guard
n+2 ... n+3
Logical Block Application Tag
n+4 ... n+7
Logical Block Reference Tag
2
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1
0

Logical Block Guard contains a CRC that covers the preceding user data. This field is generated/checked
per the SBC standard.
Logical Block Application Tag may be modified by the initiator if the ATO bit is set to zero in mode page
0x0A. If the ATO bit is set to one, then the initiator shall not modify the Logical Block Application Tag
field. This field is generated / checked per the SBC standard. The Logical Block Guard field contains a
CRC that covers the preceding user data. This field is generated/checked per the SBC standard.
Logical Block Reference Tag is generated/checked depending on protection types. With Type 1 protection,
the Logical Block Reference Tag in the first logical block of the data transfer shall contain the least
significant four bytes of the LBA contained in the Logical Block Address field of the command.
Subsequent blocks shall contain the previous logical block reference tag plus one. With Type 2 protection,
the Logical Block Reference Tag in the first logical block of the data transfer shall contain the value in the
Expected Initial Logical Block Reference Tag field of the command. Subsequent blocks shall contain the
previous logical block reference tag plus one.
FOV Format Options Valid bit is set to zero indicates that the Target should use its default settings for the
DPRY (0), DCRT (1), STPF (1), IP (0), and DSP (1) bits. These bits must all be set to zero in the Parameter
List Header when FOV=0, or the command will be terminated with Check Condition status, sense key of
Illegal Request, and additional sense code of Invalid Field in Parameter List.. FOV=1 indicates that the
values set in DPRY, DCRT, STPF, IP, and DSP will be defined as specified below.
DPRY Disable Primary bit is set to zero disables error injection mode. A DPRY bit set to one enables error
injection mode.
DCRT Disable Certification is ignored; Certification is not supported.
STPF Stop Format is ignored.
IP Initialization Pattern bit is set to zero specifies that an initialization pattern descriptor is not included and
all customer data will be initialized to zeroes. An IP bit of one specifies that an Initialization Pattern
Descriptor is included in the FORMAT UNIT parameter list following the parameter list header. The
Initialization Pattern Descriptor provides a means of enabling the Security Initialize option, which is not
enabled by default. If anything in the Initialization Pattern Descriptor is not set as specified below, the
command will be immediately terminated with Check Condition status, sense key of Illegal Request, and
additional sense code of Invalid Field in Parameter List.







Table 60: Initialization Pattern Descriptor
Bit
Byte
0
7
6
IP Modifier = 0
5
4
3
SI = 1
2
Reserved
1
IP Type = 0
2 -3
Initialization Pattern Length = 0
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1
0









IP Modifier must be set to 0, indicating that the drive will not modify the initialization pattern.
SI Security Initialize bit must be set to 1 when an Initialization Pattern Descriptor is sent. This specifies that
the drive shall attempt to erase all locations that may contain customer data, including known defects.
Initialization Pattern Type must be 0, indicating that the drive will use the default initialization pattern. All
customer data will be initialized to zeroes.
Initialization Pattern Length must be 0, as user-specified initialization patterns are not supported.
DSP Disable Saving Parameters bit when 0 indicates the target is to save all the current MODE SELECT
savable parameters during the format operation. When the bit is 1, the target is not to save the current
MODE SELECT savable parameters.
Immed Immediate bit set to 0 requests that status be returned at the end of the format operation. An
immediate bit set to 1 requests that status be returned immediately following CDB validation and transfer
of data in the Data Out phase. If the format operation, with the immediate bit set to one, terminates in error,
DEFERRED ERROR SENSE data is generated.
P_I_Information must be 0.
Protection Interval Exponent is the number of protection intervals per logical block size, expressed as a
power of 2. This value must be 0 (i.e. one protection interval per logical block) for logical block sizes 512
and 520. This value may be 0 or 3 (i.e. one or eight protection intervals per logical block) for logical block
sizes 4096 and 4160. This value is assumed to be 0 if the long parameter list header format is not used. See
SBC-3 for more details regarding protection intervals.
Defect List Length must be 0. A user-supplied defect list is not supported. Otherwise the command is
terminated with Check Condition status with the sense key set to Illegal Request and the additional sense
code set to Invalid Field in Parameter List.
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16.4
INQUIRY (12)
The INQUIRY (12) command requests the parameters of the Target to be sent to the Initiator.
Table 61: INQUIRY (12)
Bit
Byte
5
4
3
2
Reserved
1

6
1
0
CmdDT=0
EVPD
Operation Code = 12h
0

7
2
Page Code
3-4
Allocation Length
5
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
EVPD bit of 1 specifies that the target return the vital product data page identified by the Page Code field
in the CDB. The available VPD pages are defined in the addendum provided for each different drive model
in the section entitled Inquiry Data Format.
Page Code specifies which page of vital product data information the drive shall return.
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Table 62: Page Code Descriptions

EVPD
Page Code
Description
0
0
0
Non Zero
The drive returns Check Condition status with the sense key of Illegal
Request and the additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.
1
Non Zero
The drive returns the vital product data of page code requested.
The Target returns the standard INQUIRY data.
Allocation Length specifies the number of bytes that the Initiator has allocated for INQUIRY data to be
returned. An allocation length of zero implies that no data is to be returned. The Target will terminate the
DATA IN phase when all available INQUIRY data has been transferred or when allocation length bytes
have been transferred, whichever is less.
Notes:
1.
If an INQUIRY command is received from an Initiator with a pending unit attention condition (before
the target reports Check Condition status), the Target processes the INQUIRY command. The unit
attention condition is not cleared by this action.
2.
The INQUIRY command is a Priority command and is not queued.
3.
The inquiry data is set at the time of manufacture and will not change (without a FRU change), with
the following exceptions:
o
Product Revision Level (EVPD=0) can be changed when microcode is downloaded with the Write
Buffer command.
o
The information returned for EVPD=1, Page Code = 3 is not fixed.
Note: The inquiry data returned when media is not available will not be complete.
Byte 0 of the returned data on an INQUIRY command is the same no matter which page(s) is (are) returned. This
description is to be used for all the following page definitions.
The Peripheral Qualifier field of zero (0) indicates that the peripheral device is currently connected to this logical
unit. A Peripheral Device Type field of zero (0) indicates that this device is a Direct Access Storage Device
(DASD).
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16.4.1
Inquiry Data - General
Fields with a value shown inside quotes (e.g. Value =’xyz’) are character fields. A value not in quotes is a numeric
value. Character fields are alphanumeric and represented in ASCII.
16.4.2
Inquiry Data - EVPD = 0, Page Code = 00h - Standard Inquiry Data
Page
Table 63: Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 0 (Page Code = 00h)
Bit
Byte
7
6
4
2
1
0
Peripheral Device Type = 0
RMB = 0
Reserved
Version = 6
2
3
3
Qualifier = 0
0
1
5
Obsolete
Norm ACA=0 HiSup = 1
Response Data Format = 2
Additional Length = 159 (9Fh)
4
5
SCCS=0
ACC=0
TPGS=00b
3PC=0
6
Obsolete EncSer = 1
Port
MultiP=1
7
Obsolete
RSVD
RSVD
Reserved
Obsolete
Obsolete
8-15
Vendor ID = "HGST " (ASCII)
16-31
Product ID (ASCII)
32-35
Product Revision Level (ASCII)
36-43
Unit Serial Number (ASCII)
44-95
Reserved
96-145
Copyright Notice (ASCII)
146-163
Reserved
Protect=1
RSVD
CmdQue= 1
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RSVD





















Qualifier is set to zero to indicate that the LUN specified is currently supported. Qualifier is set to 011b
when the LUN specified is not present
Peripheral Device Type is set to zero to indicate that the device is a Direct-Access Peripheral Device.
RMB Removable Medium Bit is always set to zero to indicate no removable media exists.
Version indicates the level of the ANSI standard that the product supports. The drive supports ANSI SCSI
Primary Commands – 4 (SPC-4).
NormACA Normal ACA is 0 indicates the device server does not support setting the NACA bit to one in
the Control Byte of the CDB as defined in the SAM.
HiSup bit of 1 indicates that the drive uses the hierarchical addressing model to assign LUNs to logical
units.
Response Data Format is set to two to indicate that the INQUIRY Data Format as specified in the ANSI
SCSI version 2 is supported by the Target.
Additional Length indicates the number of bytes of INQUIRY information that follows.
SCCS bit of zero indicates that the device does not contain an embedded storage array controller
component.
ACC bit of zero indicates that no access controls coordinator may be addressed through this logical unit.
TGPS field of zero indicates that the device does not support asymmetric logical unit access.
3PC bit of zero indicates that the device does not support third-party copy commands.
Protect bit of one indicates that the drive supports protection information
EncSer Enclosure Services bit of 0 indicates that the Target does not contain an embedded enclosure
services component.
Port bit of 0 indicates that the drive received the Inquiry command on port A, while a Port bit of 1 indicates
that the drive received the Inquiry command on port B.
MultiP MultiPort bit of 1 indicates that the Target has multiple ports and implements multi-port
requirements.
CmdQue is set to one to indicate that the drive supports command queuing.
Vendor ID is HGST padded with ASCII blanks.
Product ID is specified in Section 4.3.1
Product Revision Level indicates the level of microcode.
Unit Serial Number contains the drive serial number.
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16.4.3
Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1 - Page Code = 00h - Supported VPD
Pages
Table 64: Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = 00h)
Bit
Byte
0





7
6
5
4
3
Qualifier = 0
2
1
0
Peripheral Device Type = 0
1
Page Code = 00h
2
Reserved
3
Page Length = 0Fh
4
Supported Page Code = 00h
5
Supported Page Code = 03h
6
Supported Page Code = 80h
7
Supported Page Code = 83h
8
Supported Page Code = 86h
9
Supported Page Code = 87h
10
Supported Page Code = 88h
11
Supported Page Code = 8Ah
12
Supported Page Code = 8Dh
13
Supported Page Code = 90h
14
Supported Page Code = 91h
15
Supported Page Code =B0h
16
Supported Page Code =B1h
17
Supported Page Code =B2h
18
Supported Page Code = D2h
Qualifier is set to zero to indicate that the LUN specified in the Command Block is currently supported.
Peripheral Device Type is set to zero to indicate that the device is Direct Access.
Page Code is set to 0, and contains the same value as in the page code field of the INQUIRY command
descriptor block.
Page Length specifies the length of the following page data.
Supported Page Code contains the Page Codes supported by the Target. The list is in ascending order.
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16.4.4
Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1, Page Code = 03h - ASCII Information
Page
Table 65: Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = 03h)
Bit
Byte
0
7
6
5
4
3
Qualifier = 0
2
1
Peripheral Device Type = 0
1
Page Code = 03h
2
Reserved
3
Page Length = 204 (CCh)
4
ASCII Fields Length = 00h
5-7
Reserved
8-23
Reserved
24-35
ASCII uCode Identifier
36-39
Reserved
40-41
Major Version
42-43
Minor Version
44-47
User Count
48-51
Build Number
52-79
Build Date String
80-81
Code ID
82-83
Compatibility ID
84-91
Product ID
92-99
Interface ID
100-107
Code Type
108-119
User Name
120-135
Machine Name
136-167
Directory Name
168-171
Operating State
172-175
Functional Mode
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0
176-179
Degraded Reason
180-183
Broken Reason
184-187
Code Mode
188-195
ASCII uCode Revision
196-199
Context Failure Reason
200-203
South Assert Address
204-205
North Assert Code
206
PwrCtlUpd PwrCtlHw
Power Controller Firmware Level
207


















Power Controller Firmware Level
Qualifier is set to zero to indicate that the LUN specified in the Command Block is currently supported.
Peripheral Device Type is set to zero to indicate that the device is Direct Access.
Page Code is set to the value of the page code field in the CDB.
Page Length specifies the length (in bytes) of the vendor unique VPD information (bytes 4 - 163). If the
allocation length of the CDB is too small to transfer all the data, the Page Length field is not adjusted to
reflect the truncation.
ASCII uCode Identifier contains the drive’s microcode identifier. The field is alphanumeric (ASCII), left
aligned, and the unused bytes are ASCII spaces (20h).
Major Version and Minor Version contain version numbers of the code loaded on the drive.
User Count contains the number of times the code has been built since the master build.
Build Number contains the master build version number.
Build Date String contains the date the code on the drive was built, in an extended string format.
Code ID contains a binary value for firmware development tracking.
Compatibility ID contains a binary value for firmware development tracking.
Product ID contains the name of the product this code is for.
Interface ID contains the interface type and serial interface speed (e.g. SCSI or FCAL 4Gb) of the code.
Code Type contains the intended use of the code. (e.g. local, released, test)
User Name contains the username of the person who built this version of the code.
Machine Name contains the workstation on which this version of the code was built.
Directory Name contains the last 32 characters of the directory from where this code was built.
Operating Stat is the drive operating state. The least significant bit contains the following:
0 = OM_BROKEN
Detected a hardware failure or there was an error loading context.
1 = OM_DEGRADED
Soft failure; i.e., incomplete format.
2 = OM_INACCESSIBLE
Drive is good.
3 = OM_STARTING
Loading context.
4 = OM_NORMAL
Context is loaded and ready to read/write.
5 = OM_STOPPED
Drive has come ready but now has been stopped
6 = OM_NOTIFY
Drive is good but NOTIFY has not arrived (SAS)
7 = OM_WAKEUP
Loading context, but will not report LUN_BECOMING_READY.
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
Functional Mode is the drive functional mode. The least significant byte (0x0000000n) contains the
following:
0 = OM_NORMAL_MODE
Not in special or recovery mode.
1 = OM_SPECIAL_CMD
Special command mode on.
The second byte (0x000n0000) contains the following:
0 = Idle functions are not enabled.
1 = Idle functions are enabled.










Degraded Reason (UECType) is why the drive is in a degraded mode; i.e., how to exit this mode.
Broken Reason (UECType) is why the drive is in a degraded mode; i.e., how to exit this mode
Code Mode is the type of code the drive is running. The least significant bit contains the following:
- 0 = Drive is running code that has been loaded from NAND.
ASCII uCode Revision is the revision level of the media access firmware. This field is alphanumeric.
Context Failure Reason is the qualifier when the broken reason indicates a damaged context.
South Assert Address is for debug of firmware asserts.
North Assert Code is for debug of firmware asserts.
PwrCtlUpd indicates the power controller firmware has been updated since the last drive POR. A drive
POR is required to activate the new power controller firmware.
PwrCtlHw indicates the power controller hardware revision. A 0 indicates the power controller is an
ADM1168. A 1 indicates the power controller is not an ADM1168.
Power Controller Firmware Level is the level of firmware currently in the power controller EEPROM.
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16.4.5
Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1, Page Code = 80h - Unit Serial Number
Page
Table 66: Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = 80h)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
Qualifier = 0
0
1
0
Peripheral Device Type = 0
1
Page Code = 80h
2
Reserved
3
Page Length = 16 (10h)
4-19
Serial Number (ASCII)





2
Qualifier is set to zero to indicate that the LUN specified in the Command Block is currently supported.
Peripheral Device Type is set to zero to indicate that the device is Direct Access.
Page Code is set to the value of the page code field in the CDB.
Page Length is set to 16, and this field specifies the length of the following page data.
Serial Number gives the drive serial number, right aligned.
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16.4.6
Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1, Page Code = 83h - Device Identification
Page
Table 67: Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = 83h)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
Qualifier = 0
0
Page Code = 83h
2
Reserved
3
Page Length = 72 (48h)
5
Protocol Identifier = 0h
PIV=0
RSVD
Code Set = 1
Association=0
Identifier Type = 3
6
Reserved
7
Designator Length = 8
8-15
LUN (World Wide ID)
Protocol Identifier = 6h
16
17
PIV=1
RSVD
Code Set = 1
Association = 1
Identifier Type = 3
18
Reserved
19
Designator Length = 8
20-27
Target Port Identifier (World Wide ID)
Protocol Identifier = 6h
28
29
PIV=1
RSVD
Code Set = 1
Association = 1
Identifier Type = 4
30
Reserved
31
Designator Length = 4
32-35
Relative Port Identifier
36
1
Peripheral Device Type = 0
1
4
2
Protocol Identifier = 6h
Code Set = 1
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0
PIV=1
37
RSVD
Association = 2
Identifier Type = 3
38
Reserved
39
Designator Length = 8
40-47
Target Device Name Identifier (World Wide ID)
48











-
Protocol Identifier = 0h
Code Set = 3
Qualifier is set to zero to indicate that the LUN specified in the Command Block is currently supported.
Peripheral Device Type is set to zero to indicate that the device is Direct Access.
Page Code is set to the value of the page code field in the CDB.
Page Length is set to 72, and this field specifies the length of the following page data.
Protocol Identifier is valid only when PIV=1. Protocol Identifier = 6 specifies SAS devices.
Code Set specifies the data type for the identifier field. Code Set = 1 indicates binary data, Code Set = 3
indicates ASCII.
PIV, Protocol Identifier Valid, is set to zero indicates that the Protocol Identifier field should be ignored.
PIV set to one indicates that the Protocol Identifier field contains a valid value.
Association specifies the entity with which the Identifier field is associated: 0h for LUN, 1h for Target or
Relative Port, or 2h for Target Device.
Designator Type specifies the format and assignment authority for the identifier: 3h indicates NAA format
of the WWID for LUN, Target Port and Target Device; 4h indicates Relative Port; 8h indicates SCSI name
string.
Designator Length specifies the length in bytes of the designator data.
Designator is the actual data described by the prior 4 bytes (Protocol Identifier through Designator Length)
for each Designator in the page.
- The LUN, Target Port and Target Device Name Identifiers are defined in the NAA IEEE WWID
format where: Worldwide ID is a 64-bit unique identification for each drive. The format is: 5000CCAh
xxxh yyb n where:
- xxx is the 12-bit block assignment defined for each model and manufacturing site
- yy is the 2-bit port/node ID select
- n is the 22-bit drive unique serial number
The Relative Port Identifier indicates the port which received the Inquiry command: 0000 0001h for the
Primary Port, or 0000 0002h for the Secondary Port.
The SCSI name string Designator data is defined in the NAA IEEE WWID format (above), plus 4 bytes
ending in 00h to provide multiple of 4 in length and null termination.
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16.4.7
Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1, Page Code = 86h - Extended INQUIRY
Data Page
Table 68: Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = 86h)
Bit
Byte
0
7
6
5
4
3
Peripheral Qualifier
2
1
0
Peripheral Device Type = 0
1
Page Code = 86h
2-3
Page Length = 003Ch
4
Activate Microcode
SPT
GRD_CHK
APP_CHK
REF_CHK
5
Reserved
UASK_SUP GROUP_SUP PRIOR_SUP
HEADSUP
ORDSUP
SIMPSUP
CRD_SUP
NV_SUP
V_SUP
6
Reserved
WU_SUP
7
Reserved
P_I_I_SUP
Reserved
LUICLR
8
Reserved
R_SUP
Reserved
CBCS
9
10-11
12
Reserved
Multi I_T Nexus Microcode Download
Extended Self-Test Completion Minutes
POA_SUP HRA_SUP VSA_SUP
Reserved
13
Maximum Supported Sense Data Length
14-63
Reserved
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




















Activate Microcode is set to 01b to indicate that the device server:
1.
Activates the microcode before completion of the final command in the WRITE BUFFER sequence,
and;
2.
Establishes a unit attention condition for the initiator port associated with every I_T nexus, except the
I_T nexus on which the WRITE BUFFER command was received, with the additional sense code set
to MICROCODE HAS BEEN CHANGED.
SPT Supported Protection Type is set to 001b to indicate that the drive supports type 1 and type 2
protection.
GRD_CHK Guard Check bit is set to 1 to indicate that the drive checks the Logical Block Guard Tag field
in the protection information, if any.
APP_CHK Application Tag Check bit is set to 1 to indicate that the drive checks the Logical Block
Application Tag field in the protection information, if any.
REF_CHK Reference Tag Check bit is set to 1 to indicate that the drive checks the Logical Block
Reference Tag field in the protection information, if any.
UASK_SUP Unit Attention Condition Sense Key Specific Data Supported bit is set to 0 to indicate that the
device server does not return sense-key specific data for the UNIT ATTENTION sense key.
GROUP_SUP Group Supported bit is set to 0 to indicate that the grouping function is not supported.
PRIOR_SUP Priority Supported bit is set to 0 to indicate that task priority is not supported.
HEADSUP Head of Queue Supported bit is set to 0 to indicate that Head of Queue is not supported.
ORDSUP Ordered Supported bit is set to 0 to indicate that ordered tasks are not supported.
SIMPSUP Simple Supported is set to 1 to indicate support for Simple task attributes.
WU_SUP Write Uncorrectable Supported is set to 1 to indicate support for WR_UNCOR in the WRITE
LONG command.
CRD_SUP Correction Disable Supported is set to 1 to indicate support for COR_DIS in the WRITE LONG
command.
NV_SUP Non-volatile Supported is set to 0 to indicate that non-volatile cache features are not supported.
V_SUP Volatile Supported is set to 1 to indicate support of a volatile cache.
P_I_I_SUP Protection Information Interval Supported bit is set to 0 to indicate that the logical unit does not
support protection information intervals.
R_SUP Referrals Supported bit is set to 0 to indicate that the device server does not support referrals.
POA_SUP Power On Activation Supported bit is set to 1 to indicate that the device server supports a
WRITE BUFFER command with the MODE field set to 0Dh and the PO_ACT bit set to one.
HRA_SUP Hard Reset Activation Supported bit is set to 1 to indicate that the device server supports a
WRITE BUFFER command with the MODE field set to 0Dh and the HR_ACT bit set to one.
VRA_SUP Vendor Specific Activation Supported bit is set to 1 to indicate that the device server supports a
WRITE BUFFER command with the MODE field set to 0Dh and the VSE_ACT bit set to one.
Maximum Supported Sense Data Length indicates the maximum length in bytes of sense data that the
device server is capable of returning in the same I_T_L_Q nexus transaction as the status.
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16.4.8
Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1, Page Code = 87h - Mode Page Policy
Page
Table 69: Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = 87h)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
Qualifier = 0
0
2
Page Code = 87h
2-3
Page Length = 0004h
Reserved
7



Policy Page Code = 3Fh
Policy Subpage Code = FFh
5
6
0
Peripheral Device Type = 0
1
4
1
MLUS=1
Reserved
Mode Page Policy = 0
Reserved
Policy Page Code is set to 3Fh and Policy Subpage Code is set to FFh to indicate that the descriptor applies
to all mode pages and subpages
MLUS Multiple Logical Units Share is set to 1 indicates the policy is shared by multiple logical units.
Mode Page Policy is set to 00b indicates that all mode pages and subpages are shared.
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16.4.9
Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1, Page Code = 88h - SCSI Ports Page
Table 70: Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = 88h)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
Qualifier = 0
0
3
2
1
Peripheral Device Type = 0
1
Page Code = 88h
2-3
Page Length = 48 (0030h)
4-5
Reserved
6-7
Primary Relative Port = 0001h
8-9
Reserved
10-11
Initiator Port Transport ID Length = 0
12-13
Reserved
14-15
Primary Target Port Descriptors Length = 0Ch
Protocol Identifier
16
17
PIV=1
RSVD
Code Set = 1
Association = 1
Identifier Type = 3
18
Reserved
19
Identifier Length = 8
20-27
Primary Target Port Identifier (World Wide ID)
28-29
Reserved
30-31
Secondary Relative Port = 0002h
32-33
Reserved
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0
34-35
Initiator Port Transport ID Length = 0
36-37
Reserved
38-39
Secondary Target Port Descriptors Length = 0Ch
Protocol Identifier
40
PIV=1
41
RSVD
Code Set = 1
Association = 1
Identifier Type = 3
42
Reserved
43
Identifier Length = 8
44-51
Secondary Target Port Identifier (World Wide ID)







Protocol Identifier is valid only when PIV=1. Protocol Identifier = 6 specifies SAS devices.
Code Set specifies the data type for the identifier field. Code Set = 1 indicates binary data.
PIV Protocol Identifier Valid is set to one indicates that the Protocol Identifier field contains a valid value.
Association specifies the entity with which the Identifier field is associated: 1h for Target or Relative Port.
Identifier Type specifies the format and assignment authority for the identifier: 3h indicates NAA format of
the WWID for Target Port.
Identifier contains the actual Identifier Descriptor.
The Target Port Identifiers are defined in the NAA IEEE WWID format where:
- World Wide ID is a 64-bit unique identification for each drive.
- The format is 5000CCAh xxxh yyb n, where xxx is the 12-bit block assignment defined for each
model and manufacturing site yy is the 2-bit port/node ID select n is the 22-bit drive unique serial
number.
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16.4.10 Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1, Page Code = 8Ah - Power Condition Page
Table 71: Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = 8Ah)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
Qualifier = 0
0
3
2
Page Code = 8Ah
2-3
Page Length = 14 (000Eh)
Reserved
Reserved
5
STANDBY_Y = 0 STANDBY_Z = 1
IDLE_C=0
IDLE_B=0
6-7
Stopped Condition Recovery Time = 0
8-9
Standby_Z Condition Recovery Time = 10 (0Ah)
10-11
Standby_Y Condition Recovery Time = 0
12-13
Idle_A Condition Recovery Time = 10 (0Ah)
14-15
Idle_B Condition Recovery Time - 0
16-17
Idle_C Condition Recovery Time = 0






0
Peripheral Device Type = 0
1
4
1
IDLE_A=1
Qualifier is set to zero to indicate that the LUN specified in the Command Block is currently supported.
Peripheral Device Type is set to zero to indicate that the device is Direct Access.
Page Code is set to the value of the page code field in the CDB.
Page Length is set to 14, and this field specifies the length of the following page data.
STANDBY_Y, STANDBY_Z, IDLE_C, IDLE_B, IDLE_A are set to 0 to indicate these Power Conditions
are not supported.
Recovery Time indicates the time, in one millisecond increments, that the logical unit takes to transition
from the associated power condition to the active power condition. These Recovery Times are set to 0 to
indicate the associated power conditions are not supported.
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16.4.11 Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1, Page Code = 8Dh - Power Consumption
Page
Table 72: Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = 8Dh)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
Qualifier = 0
0
3
2
Page Code = 8Dh
2-3
Page Length = 8 (0008h)
4
Power Consumption Identifier = 00h
Reserved
Power Consumption Units = 3
6-7
Power Consumption Value = 0009h
8
Power Consumption Identifier = 01h
Reserved
9
10-11



0
Peripheral Device Type = 0
1
5
1
Power Consumption Units = 3
Power Consumption Value = 000Bh
Power Consumption Identifier is a reference handle to specify which descriptor is selected by the Power
Consumption mode page.
Power Consumption Units is set to three to indicate the value is in Watts.
Power Consumption Value is the maximum power consumption associated with the identifier in the Power
Consumption Identifier field using the units specified by the Power Consumption Units.
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16.4.12 Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1, Page Code = 90h - Protocol Specific
Logical Unit Information Page
Table 73: Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = 90h)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
Qualifier = 0
0
2
1
Peripheral Device Type = 0
1
Page Code = 90h
2-3
Page Length = 24 (0018h)
4-15
Protocol-specific logical unit information descriptor 0
16-27
Protocol-specific logical unit information descriptor 1






0
Qualifier is set to zero to indicate that the LUN specified in the Command Block is currently supported.
Peripheral Device Type is set to zero to indicate that the device is Direct Access.
Page Code is set to the value of the page code field in the CDB.
Page Length is set to 24, and specifies the length of the following page data.
Protocol-specific logical unit information descriptor 0 is defined in Table 74.
Protocol-specific logical unit information descriptor 1 is defined in Table 74.Table 74:
Table 74: Protocol-specific Logical Unit Information Descriptor
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
0
Relative Port Identifier
0-1
Reserved
2
Protocol Identifier = 6h
3-5
Reserved
6-7
Descriptor Length (0004h)
Reserved
8
9-11



1
TLR Control
Supported = 0h
Reserved
Relative Port Identifier is set to 1 for Port A (Primary Port) or 2 for Port B (Secondary Port).
Protocol Identifier is set to 6 to specify that this is a SAS SSP Descriptor.
TLR Control Supported specifies support of the TLR CONTROL field in the SAS SSP frame header. This
field is set to zero to indicate that the drive does not support Transport Layer Retries
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16.4.13 Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1, Page Code = 91h
Table 75: Protocol-specific Port Information VPD Page to SAS SSP
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
1
Page Code = 91h
2-3
Page Length = 24 (0018h)
4-15
Port Information Descriptor 0
16-27
Port Information Descriptor 1






1
0
Peripheral Device Type = 0
Qualifier = 0
0
2
Qualifier is set to zero to indicate that the LUN specified in the Command Block is currently supported.
Peripheral Device Type is set to zero to indicate that the device is Direct Access.
Page Code is set to the value of the page code field in the CDB.
Page Length is set to 24, and this field specifies the length of the following page data.
Port Information Descriptor 0 is defined in Table 76.
Port Information Descriptor 1 is defined in Table 76.
Table 76: Port Information Descriptor for SAS SSP
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
3
3
2
Reserved
0
Protocol Identifier (6h)
Reserved
4-5
Reserved
6-7
Descriptor Length (0004h)
8-11
SAS PHY Information Descriptor 0


1
Relative Port Identifier
0-1
2
4
PWR_D_S
Relative Port Identifier is set to 1 for Port A (Primary Port) or 2 for Port B (Secondary Port).
Protocol Identifier is set to 6 to specify that this is a SAS SSP Descriptor.
- PWR_D_S, Power Disable Supported, is set to 1 to specify that the POWER DISABLE signal is
supported.
- SAS PHY Information Descriptor 0 is defined in Table 77.
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Table 77: SAS PHY Information Descriptor for SAS SSP
Bit
Byte
6
5
4
3
0
Reserved
1
PHY Identifier
2
3


7
2
Reserved
1
0
SSP
Persistent
Capable
Reserved
PHY Identifier is set to 0 for Port A (Primary Port) or 1 for Port B (Secondary Port).
SSP Persistent Capable is set to 0 indicates that the PHY does not support persistent connections.
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16.4.14 Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1, Page Code = B0h - Block Limits VPD
Page
Table 78: Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = B0h)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
1
Page Code = B0h
2-3
Page Length = 60 (003Ch)
Reserved
4
5
Maximum Compare and Write Length = 0
6-7
Optimal Transfer Length Granularity
8-11
Maximum Transfer Length = 0
12-15
Optimal Transfer Length = 0
16-19
Maximum Prefetch XDRead XDWrite Transfer Length = 0
20-23
Maximum Unmap LBA Count = FFFFFFFFh
24-27
Maximum Unmap Block Descriptor Count = FFFFFFFFh
28-31
Optimal Unmap Granularity
32-35
UGAVALID=1
Maximum Write Same Length = 0
44-63
Reserved



0
WSNZ=0
Unmap Granularity Alignment = 0
36-43





1
Peripheral Device Type = 0
Qualifier = 0
0
2
Qualifier is set to zero to indicate that the LUN specified in the Command Block is currently supported.
Peripheral Device Type is set to zero to indicate that the device is Direct Access.
Page Code is set to the value of the page code field in the CDB.
Page Length is set to 60 (3Ch), and specifies the length of the following page data.
WSNZ Write Same No Zero is set to 0 which indicates the device server supports a value of zero in the
NUMBER OF LOGICAL BLOCKS field in the WRITE SAME command CDB.
Maximum Compare and Write Length is set to zero which indicates the device server does not support the
COMPARE AND WRITE command.
Optimal Transfer Length Granularity indicates the optimal transfer length granularity size in logical blocks
for any of the following supported media access commands: PREFETCH, READ, VERIFY, WRITE,
WRITE AND VERIFY. It will be either 8 or 1 depending on the block size (512.../4k...) the drive is
formatted with.
Maximum Transfer Length is set to 0 to indicate that there is no reported limit on the maximum transfer
length in logical blocks that the device server accepts for a single request using any of the following
supported media access commands: PREFETCH, READ, VERIFY, WRITE, WRITE AND VERIFY.
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







Optimal Transfer Length is set to 0 which indicates there is no reported value for the optimal transfer
length in logical blocks for any of the following supported media access commands: PREFETCH, READ,
VERIFY, WRITE, and WRITE AND VERIFY.
Maximum Prefetch XDRead XDWrite Transfer Length indicates the maximum transfer length in logical
blocks that the device server accepts for a single PRE-FETCH command. It is set to zero to be less than or
equal to the Maximum Transfer Length (above).
Maximum Unmap LBA Count is set to FFFFFFFFh and indicates the maximum number of LBAs that may
be unmapped by an UNMAP command.
Maximum Unmap Block Descriptor Count is set to FFFFFFFFh and indicates the maximum number of
UNMAP block descriptors that shall be contained in the parameter data transferred to the device server for
an UNMAP command.
Optimal Unmap Granularity indicates the optimal granularity in logical blocks for unmap requests. It will
be either 8 or 1 depending on the block size (512.../4k...) the drive is formatted with.
UGAVALID Unmap Granularity Alignment VALID is set to 1 which indicates that the UNMAP
GRANULARITY ALIGNMENT field is valid.
Unmap Granularity Alignment is set to 0 which indicates the LBA of the first logical block to which the
OPTIMAL UNMAP GRANULARITY field applies.
Maximum Write Same Length is set to 0 which indicates that there is no reported limit on the number of
logical blocks that may be requested for a single WRITE SAME command.
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16.4.15 Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1, Page Code = B1h - Block Device
Characteristics VPD Page
Table 79: Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = B1h)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
Qualifier = 0
0
3
2
Page Code = B1h
2-3
Page Length = 60 (003Ch)
4-5
Medium Rotation Rate = 1 (1h)
6
Reserved
WABEREQ
8-63








0
Peripheral Device Type = 0
1
7
1
WACEREQ
Nominal Form Factor = 3h
Reserved
Qualifier is set to zero to indicate that the LUN specified in the Command Block is currently supported.
Peripheral Device Type is set to zero to indicate that the device is Direct Access.
Page Code is set to the value of the page code field in the CDB.
Page Length is set to 60, and this field specifies the length of the following page data.
Medium Rotation Rate is set to 1, which indicates the drive is an SSD.
WABEREQ is set to 1 to indicate that following a Sanitize Block Erase, the drive will respond to a read
command to in-range LBAs with Good Status prior to a write command being issued to those LBAs. The
data pattern for the read commands will consist of all zeroes.
WACEREQ is set to 1 for models with encryption enabled to indicate that following a Sanitize
Cryptographic Erase, the drive will respond to a read command to in-range LBAs with Good Status prior to
a write command being issued to those LBAs. The data pattern for the read command will consist of all
zeroes. WACEREQ is set to 0 for models with encryption disabled to indicate that Sanitize Cryptographic
Erase is not supported and therefore the drive behavior following this unsupported function is not specified.
Nominal Form Factor is set to 3h.
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16.4.16 Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1, Page Code = B2h - Logical Block
Provisioning VPD Page
Table 80: Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = B2h)
Bit
Byte
0
7
6
5
4
3
2
Page Code = B2h
2-3
Page Length = 4 (0004h)
4
Threshold Exponent = 0








0
Peripheral Device Type = 0
Qualifier = 0
1
5
LB P U = 1 LBPWS= 1 LBPWS10=1
6
Reserved
7
1
Reserved
LBPRZ=1
ANC_SUP=1
DP=0
Provisioning Type = 1
Reserved
Threshold Exponent is set to 0 which indicates that the logical unit does not support logical block
provisioning thresholds
LBPU is set to 1 to indicate that the device supports the UNMAP command.
LBPWS is set to 1 to indicate that the device supports the WRITE SAME(16) command to unmap LBAs
LBPWS10 is set to 1 to indicate that the device supports the WRITE SAME(10) command to unmap LBAs
LBPRZ is set to 1 to indicate that for an unmapped LBA specified by a read operation, the device returns
user data with all bits set to zero to the Data-In Buffer
ANC_SUP is set to 1 to indicate that the device supports anchored LBAs.
DP is set to 0 to indicate no Provisioning Group Descriptor is present
Provisioning Type is set to 1 to indicate the logical unit is resource provisioned
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16.4.17 Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1, Page Code = D2h - Component and
Assembly Information Page
Table 81: Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = D2h)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
Qualifier = 0
0
4
3
2
0
Peripheral Device Type = 0
1
Page Code = D2h
2
Reserved = 0
3
Page Length = 120 (78h)
4
HDC Version Length = 19 (13h)
5-23
ASCII HDC Version
24
Card Serial Number Length = 19 (13h)
25-43
ASCII Card Serial Number
44
NAND FLASH Version Length = 19 (13h)
45-63
ASCII NAND FLASH Version
64
Card Assembly Part Number Length = 19 (13h)
65-83
ASCII Card Assembly Part Number
84
Second Card Serial Number Length = 19 (13h)
85-103
ASCII Second Card Serial Number
104
Second Card Assembly Part Number Length= 19 (13h)
105-123
ASCII Second Card Assembly Part Number




Notes:
1
Qualifier is set to zero to indicate that the LUN specified in the Command Block is currently supported.
Peripheral Device Type is set to zero to indicate that the device is Direct Access.
Page Code is set to the value of the page code field in the CDB.
Page Length is set to 100, and this field specifies the length of the following page data.
1.
If the media is not available, bytes 0 through 3 are valid. All the other fields are ASCII blanks (20h) with a
null terminator (00h).
2.
All ASCII fields are alphanumeric, left aligned, and padded on the right with ASCII blanks (20h) with a
null terminator (00h).
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16.5
LOG SELECT (4C)
The LOG SELECT (4C) command provides a means for the Initiator to clear statistical information maintained by
the drive and reported via the LOG SENSE command.
Table 82: Log Select (4C)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
Reserved
1
PC
2
Subpage Code = 0
4-6
Reserved
7-8
Parameter List Length = 0
9
Control Byte – Refer to Section 16.1


PCR
SP
Page Code
3

0
Command Code = 4Ch
0

1
PCR Parameter Code Reset determines whether the Log Sense parameters will be cleared and unit attention
posted for all other Initiators. A value of 1 indicates that the parameters be cleared, while a value of zero
(except when PC = 11b) indicates that the parameters not be cleared. Parameter list length must be zero
when PCR is 1. The PC field is ignored for list parameters, i.e. when the Format and Linking (F&L) field
contains 01b or 11b.
SP Save Parameters bit value of 0 indicates that the page parameters not be saved. A value of 1 indicates
that the page parameters that are savable be saved after they have been changed. SP bit MUST be 1 if
parameter list length is greater than zero. Otherwise it will result in a Check Condition status being
returned. The sense key shall be set to Illegal Request and additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.
PC Page Control defines the type of parameters to be selected. The PC field set to 11b (and PCR is then
don't care) indicates that the Default Cumulative values are set to their default values of 0. If the PC field is
set to 01b and PCR is set to 1, the Current Cumulative values are also set to their default values of 0.
Parameter List Length MUST be zero when PC = 11b. Otherwise the command is terminated and a Check
Condition status is returned. The sense key shall be set to Illegal Request and additional sense code of
Invalid Field in CDB.
Page Code identifies which page is being selected. This field must be set to the values indicated in Page 0.
If the Page Code value is invalid a Check Condition status is returned with a sense key of Illegal Request
and additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.
- If page code field is set to zero, then the selection applies to all log parameters in all valid log pages.
-
If page code field is set to a non-zero, then the selection applies to all log parameters specified by this
field.

Subpage Code specifies the subpage to select. This field is not supported and must be set to 0.
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
Parameter List Length specifies the length in bytes of the parameter list that shall be located in the
DATA OUT buffer. A parameter list length zero indicates that no pages shall be transferred.
- If the PARAMETER LIST LENGTH field is set to zero, then the PCR bit, the SP bit, and the PC
fields apply to the page (pages) addressed by the page code field.
- If The PARAMETER LIST LENGTH field is set to non-zero, and the if PAGE CODE field is
non-zero or the SUBPAGE CODE field is non-zero, then the command shall be terminated with
CHECK CONDITION status, with the sense key set to ILLEGAL REQUEST, and the additional
sense code set to INVALID FIELD IN CDB.
Notes:
1.
A specified length greater than 0x00FF will result in a Check Condition status being returned. A length that
results in log data being truncated will generate a Check Condition status.
2.
For page 0Fh, the maximum parameter list length supported is 4004h (4 bytes for the header and 100h
bytes for each of the 40h parameters that are supported). The Parameter List Length must be an integral of
the number of parameters plus the 4 byte header. (Ex: Parameter length =104h for one parameter, 204h for
2 parameters, 4004h for all 40h parameters).
The drive allows updates to the current cumulative values only. A value of zero is acceptable and is not considered
an error.
The drive updates only pages 0Eh, the Start/Stop Cycle page and 0Fh, the Application Client page. For other pages
the parameters are ignored. If the data out buffer contains multiple pages then the application client should send the
pages in ascending order. If the data out buffer contains multiple log parameters within a page, all log parameters
within the page should be sent and they should be sent in ascending order by parameter code value. The drive shall
return Check Condition status if the application client sends pages out of order, parameter codes out of order or
missing parameter code. The sense key shall be set to Illegal Request and additional sense code set to Invalid Field
in Parameter List. If one or more fields of the CDB are not set correctly the command will be terminated with a
Check Condition status. The sense key shall be set to Illegal Request and additional sense code of Invalid Field in
CDB. To indicate that parameters have changed, the Target generates a unit attention condition for all Initiators
except the one that issued the LOG SELECT command.
The following list contains all individual page parameters (counters) that are set to their default value of zero by the
LOG SELECT command (when PCR=1).

Page 02h parameters (Counters for write errors):
-

Write errors recovered without delay
Write errors recovered with possible delays
LBAs with write fault error
Total errors recovered
Number of times recovery invoked
Total write byte count
LBAs with hard error
Page 03h parameters (Counters for read errors):
-
Read errors recovered without delay
Read errors recovered with possible delays
LBAs with ECC detected error
Total errors recovered
Number of times recovery invoked
Total read byte count
LBAs with hard error.
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
Page 05h parameters (Counters for Verify Errors):
-

Errors recovered without delay
Errors recovered with possible delays
LBAs with ECC detected error
Total errors recovered
Number of times recovery invoked
Total bytes verified
LBAs with hard error.
Page 06h parameters (Counters for non-medium errors and other hardware type failures):
-
Non-Medium Error Counter

Page 15h parameters (Background Medium Scan Information):

- BMS Status parameter
- all Medium Scan parameters
- Page 18h parameters (SAS PHY Error counts - only cleared for the port which receives the Log Select)
- Invalid DWORD Count
- Running Disparity Error Count
- Loss of DWORD Synchronization Count
- PHY Reset Problem Count
Page 30h parameters:

- Overrun Counter
- Under run Counter
- Device Cache Full Read Hits
- Device Cache Partial Read Hits
- Device Cache Write Hits
- Device Cache Fast Writes
- Device Cache Misses on Reads
Page 37h parameters:
-
Media Exception
Hardware Exception
Total Read Commands
Total Write Commands
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16.6
LOG SENSE (4D)
The LOG SENSE (4D) command allows the Initiator to retrieve the statistical data regarding the drive.
Table 83: Log Sense (4D)
Bit
Byte
7
6
4
3
2
Reserved
1
PC
Subpage Code = 0
4
Reserved
5-6
Parameter Pointer = 0
7-8
Allocation Length
9
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.






0
PPC = 0
SP
Page Code
3

1
Command Code = 4Dh
0
2
5
PPC Parameter Pointer Control bit must be set to zero. This specifies that the drive start transferring data
starting from the field specified in the parameter pointer field for the number of bytes specified by the
allocation length. If the PPC bit is set to 1, Check Condition status is returned with a sense key of Illegal
Request and additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.
SP Save Parameters bit set to 0 specifies that the drive does not save any log parameters. If it is set to 1, all
page parameters that are savable (those pages denoted by a DS = 0 in the parameter header control byte) are
saved.
PC Page Control defines the type of parameters to be selected. This field must be set to 01b to specify the
current cumulative values. Any other value in this field will cause the command to end with a Check
Condition status with a sense key of Illegal Request and an additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.
Page Code identifies which page is being requested. This field must be set to the values indicated in Page 0.
If the Page Code value is invalid a Check Condition status is returned with a sense key of Illegal Request
and additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB
Subpage Code specifies the subpage to select. This field is not supported and must be set to 0.
Parameter Pointer specifies the beginning field for the transfer. This field must be set to 0000h. If the
Parameter Pointer Field is not zero a Check Condition status is returned with a sense key of Illegal Request
and additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.
Allocation Length specifies the maximum number of bytes the Initiator has allocated for returned Log
Sense Data. No bytes are transferred if the length is zero. This condition is not considered an error. The
Target terminates the Data-In phase when all available Log Sense data has been transferred or when the
number of bytes equals the allocation length, whichever is less.
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16.6.1
Log Page Parameters
Each log page begins with a 4-byte page header followed by zero or more variable-length log parameters.
Page Header
Page Code field identifies which log page is being transferred.
The Page Length field specifies the length in bytes of the following log parameters.
Log Parameters
Each log parameter begins with a 4-byte parameter header followed by one or more bytes of parameter value
data.
The Parameter Code field identifies which log parameter is being transferred for that log page.
The Parameter Control field, the 3rd byte of each parameter header, contains several fields.
-
DU The Disable Update bit is set to 0 to indicate that the drive updates the log parameter value to reflect
events that should be noted by that parameter.
-
TSD The Target Save Disable bit is set to zero to indicate that the drive provides a Target defined method
for saving log parameters.
-
ETC The Enable Threshold Comparison bit is set to 0 to indicate the drive does not perform comparisons
between cumulative and any threshold values.
-
TMC The Threshold Met Criteria field is not valid because this drive does not perform threshold
comparisons. This field is set to 0.
-
Format and Linking. The F & L field indicates the type of log parameter and how parameters that reach
their maximum value are handled.
-
00b: Data counter: If any other parameter in this log page reaches its maximum value, then this
parameter shall stop incrementing until reinitialized by a Log Select command.
-
01b: List format ASCII data: No maximum values to handle
-
10b: Data counter: If another parameter reported in this log page reaches its maximum value, then this
parameter shall not stop incrementing. This parameter may be reinitialized by a Log Select command.
-
11b: List format binary data: No maximum values to handle.
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16.6.2
Log Sense Page 0h - Supported Log Sense Pages
This page is used to determine which additional pages the Initiator can request.
Table 84: Log Sense Page 0h - Supported Log Sense Pages
Bit
Byte
0
7
6
5
4
3
Reserved
2
Page code = 0
1
Reserved
2-3
Page Length = 0010h (Number of Pages Supported)
4
First supported page 00h
5
Second supported page 02h
6
Third supported page 03h
7
Fourth supported page 05h
8
Fifth supported page 06h
9
Sixth supported page 0Dh
10
Seventh supported page 0Eh
11
Eighth supported page 0Fh
12
Ninth supported page 10h
13
Tenth supported page 11h
14
Eleventh supported page 15h
15
Twelfth supported page 18h
16
Thirteenth supported page 1Ah
17
Fourteenth supported Page Code =2Fh
18
Fifteenth supported Page Code = 30h
19
Sixteenth supported Page Code = 37h
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1
0
16.6.3
Log Sense Page 2h - Counters for Write Errors
Table 85: Log Sense Page 2h - Counters for Write Errors
Bit
Byte
0
7
6
5
4
3
Reserved
2
Reserved
2-3
Page Length = 54h
4-5
Parameter Code = 0000h
DU = 0
DS = 0
TSD = 0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
7
Parameter Length = 08h
8-15
Errors Recovered without Delay
16-17
Parameter Code = 0001h
18
DU = 0
DS = 0
TSD = 0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
19
Parameter Length = 08h
20-27
Errors Recovered with Possible Delays
28-29
Parameter Code = 0002h
30
DU = 0
DS = 0
TSD = 0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
31
Parameter Length = 08h
32-39
Reserved
40-41
Parameter Code = 0003h
42
DU = 0
DS = 0
0
Page code = 02h
1
6
1
TSD = 0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
43
Parameter Length = 08h
44-51
Total errors recovered
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F&L = 00b
F&L = 00b
F&L = 00b
F&L = 00b
Parameter Code = 0004h
52-53
54
DU = 0
DS = 0
TSD = 0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
55
Parameter Length = 08h
56-63
Times Recovery Invoked
64-65
Parameter Code = 0005h
66
DU = 0
DS = 0
TSD = 0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
67
Parameter Length = 08h
68-75
Total Bytes Written
76-77
Parameter Code = 0006h
78
DU = 0
DS = 0
TSD = 0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
79
Parameter Length = 08h
80-87
Count of Hard Errors
F&L = 00b
F&L = 00b
F&L = 00b
Note: All parameter counts indicate the number of sectors with the specified types of errors, except Times Recovery
Invoked, which is a cumulative count of all recovery steps attempted on all sectors written.
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16.6.4
Log Sense Page 3h - Counters for Read Errors
Table 86: Log Sense Page 3h - Counters for Read Errors
Bit
Byte
0
7
6
5
4
3
Reserved
2
Reserved
2-3
Page Length = 54h
4-5
Parameter Code = 0000h
DU = 0
DS = 0
TSD=0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
7
Parameter Length = 08h
8-15
Errors recovered without delay
16-17
Parameter Code = 0001h
18
DU = 0
DS = 0
TSD = 0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
19
Parameter Length = 08h
20-27
Errors recovered with possible delays
28-29
Parameter Code = 0002h
30
DU = 0
DS = 0
TSD=0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
31
Parameter Length = 08h
32-39
Reserved
40-41
Parameter Code = 0003h
42
DU = 0
DS = 0
0
Page code = 03h
1
6
1
TSD=0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
43
Parameter Length = 08h
44-51
Total errors recovered
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F&L = 00b
F&L = 00b
F&L = 00b
F&L = 00b
Parameter Code = 0004h
52-53
54
DU = 0
DS = 0
TSD=0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
55
Parameter Length = 08h
56-63
Times recovery invoked
64-65
Parameter Code = 0005h
66
DU = 0
DS = 0
TSD = 0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
67
Parameter Length = 08h
68-75
Total bytes read
76-77
Parameter Code = 0006h
78
DU = 0
DS = 0
TSD = 0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
79
Parameter Length = 08h
80-87
Count of hard errors
F&L = 00b
F&L = 00b
F&L = 00b
Note: All parameter counts indicate the number of sectors with the specified types of errors, except Times Recovery
Invoked, which is a cumulative count of all recovery steps attempted on all sectors read. ECC-on-the-fly correction
is not included in any counters.
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16.6.5
Log Sense Page 5h - Counters for Verify Errors
Table 87: Log Sense Page 5h - Counters for Verify Errors
Bit
Byte
0
7
6
5
4
3
Reserved
2
Reserved
2-3
Page Length = 54h
4-5
Parameter Code = 0000h
DU = 0
DS = 0
TSD = 0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
7
Parameter Length = 08h
8-15
Errors recovered without delay
16-17
Parameter Code = 0001h
18
DU = 0
DS = 0
TSD = 0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
19
Parameter Length = 08h
20-27
Errors recovered with possible delays
28-29
Parameter Code = 0002h
30
DU = 0
DS = 0
TSD = 0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
31
Parameter Length = 08h
32-39
Reserved
40-41
Parameter Code = 0003h
42
DU = 0
DS = 0
TSD = 0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
43
Parameter Length = 08h
44-51
Total errors recovered
52-53
Parameter Code = 0004h
54
55
DU = 0
DS = 0
0
Page code = 05h
1
6
1
TSD = 0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
Parameter Length = 08h
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F&L = 00b
F&L = 00b
F&L = 00b
F&L = 00b
F&L = 00b
56-63
Times recovery invoked
64-65
Parameter Code = 0005h
66
DU = 0
DS = 0
TSD = 0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
67
Parameter Length = 08h
68-75
Total Bytes Verified
76-77
Parameter Code = 0006h
78
DU = 0
DS = 0
TSD = 0
TMC = 0
79
Parameter Length = 08h
80-87
Count of hard errors
F&L = 00b
F&L = 00b
Note: All parameter counts indicate the number of sectors with the specified types of errors, except Times Recovery
Invoked, which is a cumulative count of all recovery steps attempted on all sectors verified. ECC-on-the-fly
correction is not included in any counters.
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16.6.6
Log Sense Page 6h - Counters for Non-Medium Errors
This page counters for non-medium errors.
Table 88: Log Sense Page 6h - Counters for Non-Medium Errors
Bit
Byte
0
7
6
5
4
3
Reserved
2
Reserved
2-3
Page Length = 0Ch
4-5
Parameter Code = 00h
DU = 0
DS = 0
0
Page code = 06h
1
6
1
TSD = 0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
7
Parameter Length = 08h
8-15
Error count
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F&L = 00b
16.6.7
Log Sense Page Dh - Temperature Information
Table 89: Log Sense Page Dh - Temperature Information
Bit
Byte
0
7
6
5
4
3
Reserved
2
Reserved
2-3
Page Length = 0Ch
4-5
Parameter Code = 0000h
DU = 0
DS = 1
TSD = 0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
7
Parameter Length = 02h
8
Reserved
9
Temperature (Celsius)
10-11
Parameter Code 0001h
12
DU = 0
DS = 1
0
Page code = 0Dh
1
6
1
TSD = 0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
13
Parameter Length = 02h
14
Reserved
15
Reference Temperature (Celsius)
Reference Temperature: the threshold, in degrees Celsius, for case temperature warnings.
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F&L = 11b
F&L = 11b
16.6.8
Log Sense Page Eh - Manufacturing Date Information
Table 90: Log Sense Page Eh - Manufacturing Date Information
Bit
Byte
0
7
6
5
4
3
Reserved
2
1
Reserved
2-3
Page Length = 34h
4-5
Parameter Code = 0001h
6
DU=0
DS=1
TSD=0
7
ETC=0
TMC = 0
8-11
Year of Manufacture (4 ASCII characters)
Week of Manufacture (2 ASCII characters)
14-15
Parameter Code 0002h
DU=0
DS=0
TSD=0
ETC=0
TMC = 0
17
Parameter Length = 06h
18-21
Accounting Date Year (4 ASCII characters)
22-23
Accounting Date Week (2 ASCII characters)
24-25
26
DS=1
TSD=0
ETC=0
TMC = 0
Parameter Length = 04h
28-31
Reserved
32-33
Parameter Code 0004h
DU=0
DS=1
TSD=0
ETC=0
TMC = 0
35
Parameter Length = 04h
36-39
Reserved
40-41
Parameter Code 0005h
42
DU=0
DS=1
TSD=0
ETC=0
TMC = 0
43
Parameter Length = 04h
44-47
Reserved
48-49
Parameter Code 0006h
50
F&L = 01b
F&L = 01b
Parameter Code 0003h
DU=0
27
34
0
Parameter Length = 06h
12-13
16
1
Page code = 0Eh
DU=0
DS=1
TSD=0
ETC=0
TMC = 0
51
Parameter Length = 04h
52-55
Reserved
F&L = 11b
F&L = 11b
F&L = 11b
F&L = 11b
Note: The week and year that the device was manufactured shall be set in the parameter field defined by parameter
code 0001h. The date of manufacture cannot be saved using the LOG SELECT command. The data is expected in
numeric ASCII characters (30-39h) in the form YYYYWW. The accounting date specified by parameter code 0002h
is a parameter that can be saved using the LOG SELECT command.
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16.6.9
Log Sense Page Fh - Application Client Log
Table 91: Log Sense Page Fh - Application Client Log
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
Reserved
0
2
1
0
1
0
Page Code = 0Fh
1
Reserved
2-3
Page Length = 4000h
Application Client Log Parameter
First (1st) Application Client Log Parameter
4-259
...
Sixty-Fourth (64th) Application Client Log Parameter
16132-16387
Table 92: Log Sense Page Fh, Application Client Log Parameter Structure
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
3
2
Parameter Code
0-1
2
4
DU = 1
DS = 0
TSD = 0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
3
Parameter Length = FCh
4-255
First Parameter Byte
Last Parameter Byte
F&L = 11b
Notes:
1.
Parameter Code 0000h through 003Fh are supported.
2.
The values stored in the parameter bytes represent data sent to the device in a previous LOG SELECT
command.
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16.6.10 Log Sense Page 10h - Self-Test Results
The results of the 20 most recent self-tests are stored in this Log page.
Table 93: Log Sense Page 10h - Self-Test Results
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
Reserved
0
2
1
0
1
0
Page code = 10h
1
Reserved
2-3
Page Length = 190h
4-23
1st self-test results log parameter
...
20th self-test results log parameter
384- 403
Table 94: Log Sense Page 10h - Self-Test Results Log Parameter Structure
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
DU = 0
DS = 0
TSD = 0
Function Code
4


TMC = 0
RSVD
F&L = 11b
Self-Test Results Value
5
Extended Segment Number = 0
6-7
Timestamp
8-15
LBA of First Failure
16

ETC = 0
Parameter Length = 10h
3

2
Parameter code
0-1
2
3
Reserved
Sense Key
17
Additional Sense Code
18
Additional Sense Code Qualifier
19
Vendor specific
Parameter Code identifies the log parameter for the log page. The parameter code field for the results of the
most recent test will be 0001h. The parameter for the next most recent will be 0002h.
Function Code contains the content of the Function Code field in the SEND DIAGNOSTIC command that
initiated this self-test.
Extended Segment Number identifies the number of the segment that failed during self-test. If no segment
failed, this field will be 00h.
Self-Test Results Value is described in the following table.
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Table 95: Log Sense Page 10h - Self-Test Results Value
Value
Description
0h
The self-test routine completed without error.
1h
The background self-test routine was aborted by the initiator using a SEND
DIAGNOSTIC command with the Abort Background self-test function.
2h
The self-test routine was aborted by the application client by a Task Management
function or a reset.
3h
An unknown error occurred while the Target was executing the self-test routine and
the Target was unable to complete the self-test routine.
4h
The self-test completed with a test element that failed and it is not known which test
element failed.
5h
The first segment of the self-test failed.
6h
The second segment of the self-test failed.
7h
The third or greater segment of the self-test failed (see the Extended segment number
field).
8h-Eh
Fh
Reserved.
The self-test is in progress.
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Table 96: Log Sense Page 10h - Extended Segment Number
Extended Segment
Short
Extended
Number
Self-Test
Self-Test
1h
Drive Ready Test
2h
Drive Diagnostics
3h
SMART
4h
Low-Level Format Check
5h
PLI Capacitor Self-Test
6h
Random Verify
7h
8h




Verify First 300MB
Verify Last 100MB
Verify all LBAs
Recheck SMART
Timestamp contains the total accumulated power-on hours of the Target at the time the self-test completed.
LBA of First Failure contains the LBA of the first logical block address where a self-test error occurred. If
no errors occurred during the self-test or the error is not related to a LBA then the field will be
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFh.
Sense Key, Additional Sense Code and Additional Sense Code Qualifier will contain the additional
information relating to the error or exception conditions during self-test.
See SEND DIAGNOSTIC (1D) for detailed listing of operations carried out by SEND DIAGNOSTIC
command and Power on Diagnostics.
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16.6.11 Log Sense Page 11h - Solid State Media Log Page
The Solid State Media log page indicates parameters that are specific to SCSI target devices that contain solid state
media. A device server that implements the Solid State Media log page shall implement one or more of the defined
parameters.
Table 97: Log Sense Page 11h - Solid State Media Log Page
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
DS
SPF (0)
5
4
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 11h
1
Reserved
2-3
Page Length = (n -3)
Solid State Media Log Parameters
4
Solid State Media Parameter (First). See Table 98.
...
First Medium Scan Parameter
...
Solid State Media Parameter (Last). See Table 98.
n
Note: The DS Disable Save bit, SPF subpage format bit, Page Code, Subpage Code and Page Length are described
in SCSI Primary Commands – 4 (SPC-4).
Table 98: Log Sense Page 11h - Solid State Media Log Page Parameter Codes
Parameter Code
Description
0001h
Percentage Used Endurance Indicator
All other values.
Reserved
Table 99: Log Sense Page 11h - Percentage Used Endurance Indicator Parameter Format
Bit
Byte
7
6
5



3
2
1
0
Parameter Code (0001h)
0-1
DU
2
4
Obsolete
TSD
ETC
TMC
3
Parameter Length (04h)
4-6
Reserved
7
Percentage Used Endurance Indicator
Format and Linking (11b)
Format and Linking shall be set to 11b, indicating that this parameter is a binary format list parameter. The
values for the other bits and fields in the parameter control byte for a binary format list parameter are
defined in SCSI Primary Commands – 4 (SPC-4).
Parameter Length indicates the number of bytes to follow in the log parameter.
Percentage Used Endurance Indicator indicates an estimate of the percentage of device life that has been
used. The value in the field shall be set to zero at the time of manufacture. A value of 100 indicates that the
estimated endurance of the device has been consumed, but may not indicate a device failure (e.g., minimum
power-off data retention capability reached for devices using flash technology). The value is allowed to
exceed 100. Values greater than 254 shall be reported as 255. The device server shall update the value at
least once per power-on hour.
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16.6.12 Log Sense Page 15h - Background Medium Scan Operations
Table 100:
Log Sense Page 15h - Background Medium Scan Operations
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
Reserved
0
2
1
0
1
0
Page code = 15h
1
Reserved
2-3
Page Length = (19 + 24N -3)
Background Medium Scan Parameters
4-19
BMS Status Parameter
20-43
First Medium Scan Parameter
...
Last Medium Scan Parameter
19+24N
The following table describes the BMS Status Parameter structure.
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
3
2
Parameter Code = 0000h
0-1
DU=0
2
4
DS=0
TSD=0
ETC=0
TMC=0
3
Page Length = 0Ch
4-7
Power On Minutes
8
Reserved
9
BMS Status
10-11
Number of Scans Performed
12-13
Medium Scan Progress
14-15
Reserved

F&L = 11b
Power On Minutes indicates the total power on minutes at the time the log page is requested.
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
BMS Status is described in the following table.
BMS Status
Description
00h
No scans active.
01h
Background medium scan is active.
02h
Background pre-scan is active.
03h-04h
Not supported.
05h
Background scan halted due to medium formatted without P-List.
06h
Background scan halted due to a vendor-specific cause.
07h
Background scan halted due to temperature out of range.
08h
Scan suspended until BMS Interval Timer expires.
09h - FFh
Reserved

Number of Scans Performed indicates the number of background scans that have been performed over the
life of the drive.
 Medium Scan Progress is a percent complete indication of the medium scan. The returned value is a
numerator that has 65,536 (1 00 00h) as its denominator.
The following table describes the Medium Scan Parameter structure.
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
3
2
DU=0
DS=0
TSD=0
ETC=0
TMC=0
3
Page Length = 14h
4-7
Power On Minutes
Reassign Status
8
0
F&L = 11b
Sense Key
9
Additional Sense Code
10
Additional Sense Code Qualifier
11-15
Reserved
16-23
LBA


1
Parameter Code = 0001h - 0800h
0-1
2
4
Power On Minutes indicates the total power on minutes at the time the error was detected.
Reassign Status is set to 0h. Auto-reallocation is automatic and no action needs to be taken by the Initiator
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16.6.13 Log Sense Page 17h - Non-Volatile Cache Log Parameters
Table 101:
Log Sense Page 17h - Non-Volatile Cache Log Parameters
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
DS = 0
SPF = 0
5
4
3
2
Subpage Code = 00h
2-3
Page Length = 0010h
4-5
Parameter Code = 0000h
DU = 0
Obsolete
TSD = 0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
7
Parameter Length = 04h
8
Obsolete
9-11
Remaining Non-Volatile Time
12-13
Parameter Code = 0001h
14
DU = 0
Obsolete
TSD = 0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
15
Parameter Length = 04h
16
Obsolete
17-19
Maximum Non-volatile Time


0
Page Code = 17h
1
6
1
Format and Linking = 11b
Format and Linking = 11b
Remaining Non-Volatile Time is set to 00_0000h to indicate that nonvolatile cache is permanently volatile.
Maximum Non-Volatile Time is set to 00_0000h to indicate that Nonvolatile cache is volatile.
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16.6.14 Log Sense Page 18h - Protocol-Specific Log Parameters
Table 102:
Log Sense Page 18h - Protocol-Specific Log Parameters
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
0
Page code = 18h
1
Subpage Code = 00h
2-3
Page Length = D8h
1
0
Protocol-Specific Log Parameters
4-111
First Protocol-Specific Log Parameter - Primary Port
112-219
Last Protocol-Specific Log Parameter - Secondary Port
Table 103:
Log Sense Page 18h - SAS Log Descriptor
Bit
Byte
7
5
4
3
2
DU=0
Obsolete
TSD =0
ETC =0
TMC (00b)
Reserved
4
Format and Linking
Protocol Identifier (6h)
5
Reserved
6
Generation Code
7
Number of Phys (01h)
8
Reserved
9
Phy Identifier (00h)
10
Reserved
11
SAS Phy Log Descriptor Length (60h)
13
0
Parameter Length (68h)
3
12
1
Parameter Code (0001h for Primary Port; 0002h for Secondary Port)
0-1
2
6
Reserved
Attached Device Type
Attached Reason
Reason
Negotiated Physical Link Rate
14
Reserved
Attached
SSP
Initiator
Port
15
Reserved
Attached
SSP Target
Port
Attached
STP
Initiator
Port
Attached
SMP
Initiator
Port
Reserved
Attached
STP Target
Port
Attached
SMP
Target Port
Reserved
16-23
SAS Address (the address of the target port)
24-31
Attached SAS Address (the address received in the incoming IDENTIFY)
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32
Attached Phy Identifier (The Phy Identifier received in the incoming Identifier.)
33-39
Reserved
40-43
Invalid DWord Count
44-47
Running Disparity Error Count
48-51
Loss of DWord Synchronization
52-55
Phy Reset Problem
56-57
Reserved
58
Phy Event Descriptor Length (0Ch)
59
Number of Event Descriptors (04h)
60-62
Reserved
63
Phy Event Source (01h) (Invalid DWORD Count)
64-67
Phy Event
68-71
Peak Value Detector Threshold (00h)
72-74
Reserved
75
Phy Event Source (02h) (Running Disparity Error Count)
76-79
Phy Event
80-83
Peak Value Detector Threshold (00h)
84-86
Reserved
87
Phy Event Source (03h) (Loss of DWORD Sync)
88-91
Phy Event
92-95
Peak Value Detector Threshold (00h)
96-98
Reserved
99
Phy Event Source (04h) (PHY Reset problem)
100-103
Phy Event
104-107
Peak Value Detector Threshold (00h)



Attached Device Type is set to the value received by this PHY during an Identify Sequence.
Attached Reason indicates the value of the REASON field in the last received IDENTIFY address frame
(see Table 44) during the identification sequence if the Phy is a physical Phy and a SAS Phy or expander
Phy is attached. If the Phy is a physical Phy and a SATA Phy is attached, then the ATTACHED REASON
field shall be set to 0h after the initial Register - Device to Host FIS has been received. If the Phy is a
virtual Phy, then the ATTACHED REASON field shall be set to 0h.
Reason indicates the reason for the last link reset sequence as reported in the last transmitted IDENTIFY
address frame. (see Table 44). If the Phy is a physical Phy and a SATA Phy is attached, then the REASON
field indicates the reason for the link reset sequence.
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











Negotiated PHY Link Rate is set to the link rate negotiated during last Link Reset Sequence.
- Set to 8h when the PHY is enabled and the negotiated speed is 1.5G.
- Set to 9h when the PHY is enabled and the negotiated speed is 3.0G.
- Set to Ah when the PHY is enabled and the negotiated speed is 6.0G.
- Set to Bh when the PHY is enabled and the negotiated speed is 12.0G.
Generation Code is a one-byte counter that shall be incremented by one by the device server every time the
values in this mode page or the SAS-2 Phy mode page (see SAS Phy Mode Page - Subpage 3) field values
are changed. A GENERATION CODE field set to 00h indicates the generation code is unknown. The
device server shall wrap this field to 01h as the next increment after reaching its maximum value (i.e.,
FFh). The GENERATION CODE field is also contained in the Protocol-Specific Port log page and may be
used to correlate Phy settings across mode page and log page accesses.
Attached Reason indicates the value of the REASON field received in the IDENTIFY address frame.
Attached Initiator Port bits is set to the value received by this PHY during an Identify Sequence.
Attached Target Port is set to the value received by this PHY during an Identify Sequence.
SAS Address contains the SAS address transmitted by this PHY during an Identify Sequence.
Attached SAS Address contains the SAS address received by this PHY during an Identify Sequence.
Attached PHY Identifier contains the SAS PHY Identifier received by this PHY during an Identify
Sequence.
Invalid DWord Count indicates the number of invalid DWords that have been received outside of Phy reset
sequences. The count wraps at the maximum value.
Running Disparity Error Count will increment by one when the port has acquired DWord synchronization
and detects a transmission word containing a running disparity error at the receiver. When the port has lost
DWord synchronization, the Running Disparity Error Count is not incremented. The count stops at the
maximum value.
Loss of DWord Synchronization indicates the number of times the Phy has lost DWord synchronization
and restarted the link reset sequence of Phy reset sequences. The count wraps at the maximum value.
Phy Reset Problem indicates the number of times the Phy reset sequence has failed due to a failure to gain
DWord sync in the retry speed match speed negotiation. The count wraps at the maximum value.
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16.6.15 Log Sense Page 19h - General Statistics and Performance
Table 104:
Log Sense Page 19h - General Statistics and Performance
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
DS = 0
SPF = 0
4
3
2
Subpage Code = 00h
2-3
Page Length = 005Ch
4-5
Parameter Code = 0001h
DU = 0
Obsolete
TSD = 0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
Format and Linking = 10b
7
Parameter Length = 40h
8-15
Number of Read Commands
16-23
Number of Write Commands
24-31
Number of Logical Blocks Received
32-39
Number of Logical Blocks Transmitted
40-47
Read Command Processing Intervals
48-55
Write Command Processing Intervals
56-63
Weighted Number of Read Commands plus Write Commands
64-71
Weighted Read Command Processing plus Write Command Processing
72-73
Parameter Code = 0002h
74
DU = 0
Obsolete
TSD = 0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
75
Parameter Length = 08h
76-83
Idle Time Intervals
84-85
Parameter Code = 0003h
86
DU = 0
Obsolete
TSD = 0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
87
Parameter Length = 08h
88-95
Time Interval Descriptor








0
Page Code = 19h
1
6
1
Format and Linking = 10b
Format and Linking = 11b
Number of Read Commands indicates the number of read commands received by the logical unit.
Number of Write Commands indicates the number of write commands received by the logical unit.
Number of Logical Blocks Received indicates the number of logical blocks received by any SCSI target
port for the logical unit as a result of write commands.
Number of Logical Blocks Transmitted indicates the number of logical blocks transmitted by any SCSI
target port for the logical unit as a result of read commands.
Read Command Processing Interval is not supported and is set to 0.
Write Command Processing Interval is not supported and is set to 0.
Weighted Number of Read Commands Plus Write Commands is not supported and is set to 0.
Weighted Read Command Processing Plus Write Command Processing is not supported and is set to 0.
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

Idle Time Intervals indicates the cumulative number of idle times spent while there are no commands in the
task set and there are no commands being processed by the logical unit.
Idle Time is calculated using the Time Interval in Parameter 0003h:
Idle Time = (Time Increments not Processing Commands x Time Interval)
The Time Interval Descriptor contains the time interval in seconds.
Table 105:
Time Interval Descriptor
Bit
Byte


7
6
5
4
3
0-3
Exponent
4-7
Integer
2
1
Exponent contains the negative power of 10 exponent to multiply with the Integer field.
Integer, when multiplied by the exponent, contains the value that represents one time interval. The
Exponent and Integer are set to the equivalent of 50ms (5x10-2 seconds).
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0
16.6.16 Log Sense Page 1Ah - Accumulated Transitions
Table 106:
Log Sense Page 1Ah - Accumulated Transitions
Bit
Byte
0
7
6
5
4
Reserved
3
2
Subpage Code (00h)
2-3
Page Length (30h)
4-5
Parameter Code 0001h
DU
Obsolete
TSD
ETC
TMC
7
Parameter Length = 4
8-11
Accumulated Transitions to Active State
12-13
Parameter Code 0002h
14
DU
Obsolete
TSD
ETC
TMC
15
Parameter Length = 4
16-19
Accumulated Transitions to Idle_A
20-21
Parameter Code 0003h
22
DU
Obsolete
TSD
ETC
TMC
23
Parameter Length = 4
24-27
Accumulated Transitions to Idle_B
28-29
Parameter Code 0004h
30
DU
Obsolete
TSD
ETC
TMC
31
Parameter Length = 4
32-35
Accumulated Transitions to Idle_C
36-37
Parameter Code 0008h
38
DU
Obsolete
TSD
ETC
TMC
39
Parameter Length = 4
40-43
Accumulated Transitions to Standby_Z
44-45
Parameter Code 0009h
46
DU
Obsolete
0
Page code = 1Ah
1
6
1
TSD
ETC
TMC
47
Parameter Length = 4
48-51
Accumulated Transitions to Standby_Y
FMT & Linking
FMT & Linking
FMT & Linking
FMT & Linking
FMT & Linking
FMT & Linking
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16.6.17 Log Sense Page 2Fh - SMART Status and Temperature Reading
Table 107:
Log Sense Page 2Fh - SMART Status and Temperature Reading
Bit
Byte
0
7
6
5
4
3
Reserved
2
Reserved
2-3
Page Length = 4Ch
4-5
Parameter Code = 0000h
DU = 0
DS = 0
0
Page Code = 2Fh
1
6
1
TSD = 0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
7
Parameter Length = 8
8
SMART Sense Code Byte
9
S<ART Sense Qualifier
10
Most Recent Temperature Reading
11
Vendor Temperature Trip Point
12
Vendor-Unique Maximum Temperature
13-15
Vendor-Unique - Reserved
16-79
Vendor-Unique Parameters (See 0)
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Format & Linking = 11b
Table 108:
Log Sense Page 2Fh - Vendor Unique Parameter Format for Parameters >0000h
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4




2
1
0
Parameter Code
0-1
2
3
DU = 0
DS = 0
TSD = 0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
3
Page Length = 4
4
SMART Parameter Sense Code Byte
5
SMART Parameter Sense Qualifier
6
SMART Attribute Percentage of Threshold
7
SMART Attribute Trip
F&L = 11b
Smart Parameter Sense Code is the one-byte value indicating the severity of this particular parameter when
host notification for SMART trip is made. For example, 0x5D indicates pre-fail attribute and 0x0B
indicates warning attribute.
Smart Parameter Sense Qualifier is the one-byte value that uniquely identifies each particular parameter
when host notification for SMART trip is made.
Smart Attribute Percentage of Threshold indicates an estimate of the percentage of threshold reached for
the vendor unique SMART attributes. The value in the field is set to zero at the time of manufacture. A
value of 100 indicates that the threshold has been reached and SMART trip will be reported to the host if
enabled. See Mode Page 0x1C (Information Exceptions Control). The value is allowed to exceed 100.
Values greater than 254 are reported as 255. The device server shall update the value at least once per
power-on hour. Note that the Volatile memory backup attribute is a pass/fail indicator so it will always read
0 unless the capacitor self-test fails, and in that case it would report 100.
Smart Attribute Trip is set to 1b if the threshold for that SMART attribute has ever been exceeded. It is set
to 0b if the threshold has never been exceeded.
For the Vendor-Unique Parameters Codes >0000h:
Parameter Code
Description
0001h
Remaining Reserve 1
0002h
Remaining Reserve XOR
0003h
XOR Depletion
0004
Volatile Memory Backup Failure
0005h
Wear Indicator
0006h
System Area Wear Indicator
0007h
Channel Hangs
0008h
Flash Scan Failure
>0008h
Reserved
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16.6.18 Log Sense Page 30h - Reserved Content
Table 109:
Log Sense Page 30h - Reserved Content
Bit
Byte
0
7
6
5
4
3
Reserved
2
Reserved
2-3
Page Length = 0030h
4-5
Parameter Code = 0000h
DU = 0
DS = 0
0
Page Code = 30h
1
6
1
TSD = 0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
7
Parameter Length = 2Ch
8-51
Reserved
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F&L = 00b
16.6.19 Log Sense Page 37h - Miscellaneous Data Counters
Table 110:
Log Sense Page 37h - Miscellaneous Data Counters
Bit
Byte
0
7
6
5
4
3
Reserved
2
Reserved
2-3
Page Length = 0030h (48)
4-5
Parameter Code = 0000h
DU=0
DS=0
TSD=0
ETC=0
TMC = 0
7
Parameter Length = 2Ch
8-11
Power-On Hours (Hours Only)
12-19
Total Bytes Read
20-27
Total Bytes Written
28
Maximum Drive Temp (Degrees Celsius)
29-30
G-List Count
31
Number of Information Exceptions
32
MED
EXC
HDW
EXC
Total Read Commands
41-48
Total Write Commands
49-51
Reserved





F&L = 00b
Reserved
33-40


0
Page Code = 37h
1
6
1
Power-On Hours specifies the total time the drive has been powered on in hours only.
Maximum Drive Temperature specifies the maximum temperature, in degrees Celsius, the drive has ever
reached.
G-List Count will return the total number of defects that are currently reported when the G-List bit is
selected during READ DEFECT DATA (37h) and READ DEFECT DATA (B7h) commands. This count
does not include the number of defects included in the drive P-List (defects that were discovered during the
manufacturing tests).
Number of Information Exceptions gives the number of Information Exceptions during the life of the drive
and not the number of Information Exceptions that have been reported. The number of reported
Information Exceptions may be less due to the settings of Mode Page 0x1C. NOTE: This field does not
include occurrences of any Information Exception Warnings.
Media Exception and Hardware Exception if set, indicate that an Information Exception has occurred
during the life of the drive. These flags are set during an Information Exception that may or may not
coincide with the reporting of an Information Exceptions as mentioned above.
Total Read Commands counter is incremented for each Read (6) and Read (10) command received.
Total Write Commands counter is incremented for each Write (6), Write (10), Write Verify and Write
Verify (16) command received.
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16.7
MODE SELECT (15)
The MODE SELECT (15) command provides a means for the Initiator to specify LUN or device parameters to the
Target. It also allows an Initiator to specify options the Target uses in error recovery, caching, and formatting.
Table 111:
MODE SELECT (15)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 15h
0
Reserved
1
PF = 1
Reserved
2-3
Reserved
4
Parameter List Length
5
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
SP
There is a single set of Mode Page parameters shared by all Initiators.

PF Page Format bit value of one indicates that the data sent by the Initiator after the Mode Select Header
and the Block Descriptor, if any, complies with the Page Format. The Target ignores this field since it only
accepts mode parameters in the Page Format.

SP Save Pages indicates:

0
The drive shall not save the pages sent during the Data-out phase but will use them for all
following commands until the power is removed, a reset is received, or a new MODE
SELECT command is received.
1
The drive will save the data in the reserved area of the media. It will be used for all the
following commands until another MODE SELECT command is issued. This information is
maintained over a power cycle or reset of the drive.
Parameter List Length specifies the number of bytes to be sent from the Initiator. A parameter list length of
zero suppresses data transfer and is not considered an error.
The MODE SELECT parameter list contains a 4-byte header followed by zero or one block descriptor followed by
zero or more pages. The pages that are valid with this command are defined in the addendum under the heading
Mode Select Data, as they vary with the drive model.
Application Note
The Initiator should issue a MODE SENSE command requesting all Changeable Values (See PCF field in byte two
of the CDB) prior to issuing a MODE SELECT command. This is necessary to determine which pages are
implemented by the drive and the length of those pages. In the Pages of the MODE SENSE command the drive will
return the number of bytes supported for each Page. The Page Length set by the Initiator in the MODE SELECT
command must be the same value as returned by the drive in MODE SENSE Page Length. If not, the drive will
return Check Condition status with sense key of Illegal Request.
Note: If an Initiator sends a MODE SELECT command that changes any parameters that apply to other Initiators,
the drive shall generate a unit attention condition for all Initiators except for the one that issued the MODE SELECT
command. The drive shall set the additional sense code to Parameters Changed (2Ah).
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16.8
MODE SELECT (55)
The MODE SELECT (55) command provides a means for the Initiator to specify LUN or device parameters to the
Target. See the MODE SELECT (15) command for a description of the fields in this command.
Table 112:
MODE SELECT (55)
Bit
Byte
7
6
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 55h
0
1
5
Reserved
PF=1
Reserved
2-6
Reserved
7-8
Parameter List Length
9
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
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SP
16.9
MODE SENSE (1A)
The MODE SENSE (1A) command provides a means for the drive to report various device parameters to the
Initiator. It is the complement to the MODE SELECT command.
Table 113:
MODE SENSE (1A)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
Reserved
1

2
DBD
PCF
2

3
1
0
Command Code = 1Ah
0

4
Reserved
Page Code
3
Subpage Code
4
Allocation Length
5
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
DBD Disable Block Descriptor if set to 0, the Target will return the Block Descriptor. If the DBD bit is set
to 1, the Target will not return the Block Descriptor.
Allocation Length indicates the maximum number of bytes that the Initiator has set aside for the DATA IN
phase. A value of zero is not considered an error. If the allocation length is smaller than the amount
available, that portion of the data up to the allocation length will be sent. This may result in only a portion
of a multi-byte field being sent.
PCF Page Control Field defines the type of Page Parameter values to be returned.
PCF
00
Description
Report current values. The drive returns the current values under which the logical
unit is presently configured for the page code specified. The current values
returned are:
1.
Initially following power-up but before the media is accessed, the default
values become current. Once the media can be accessed, the saved values
are read from the Reserved Area and become current.
2.
The parameters set in the last successful MODE SELECT command.
3.
The saved values if a MODE SELECT command has not been executed
since the last power-on, hard RESET condition, or TARGET RESET
message.
Following the completion of start-up, execution of the MODE SELECT command
can modify the current values.
Note: Those parameters associated with format are not considered current and are
not saved until the successful completion of a FORMAT UNIT command.
In addition, the current values take on the saved values after a reset if the
parameters were saved. If the Page Code is 3Fh, then all pages implemented by the
Target are returned to the Initiator with fields and bit values set to current values.
Note: If the Page Code is not 3Fh, the page defined by the Page Code, if supported
by the Target, is returned with fields and bits set to current values.
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PCF
Description
Note: The drive will not process the MODE SELECT command until the
completion of spin-up; the Initiator cannot modify the current values prior to the
saved values being read-in.
01
Report Changeable Value. The drive returns the changeable values for the page
code specified. The page requested is returned containing information that
indicates which fields are changeable. All bits of parameters that are changeable
shall be set to one. Parameters that are defined by the drive shall be set to zero. If
any part of a field is changeable, all bits in that field shall be set to one.
Note: For a value field such as the buffer ratios of page 2 the bit field will not
indicate the range of supported values but rather that the field is supported.
10
Report Default Value. The drive returns the default values for the page code
specified. The parameters not supported by the drive are set to zero.
11
Report Saved Value. The drive returns the saved value for the page code specified.
Saved Values are one of the following:


-
The values saved as a result of a MODE SELECT command.
-
Identical to the default values.
-
Zero when the parameters are not supported.
The Page Length byte value of each page returned by the drive indicates up to which fields are supported
on that page.
Page Code specifies which page or pages to return. Page code usage is defined in the following table.
Table 114:
Page Code Usage
Page Code
00h-1Ch
3Fh
Description
Return specific page, if supported.
Return all supported pages.
If a Page Code of 3Fh is used, MODE SENSE returns the pages in ascending order with one exception. Page 0 is
always returned last in response to a MODE SENSE command.
If an unsupported page is selected, the command is terminated with a CHECK CONDITION status and available
sense of ILLEGAL REQUEST/INVALID FIELD IN CDB.

Subpage Code specifies the subpage to return, and may be set to a specific page, or to FFh for all supported
subpages.
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16.9.1
Mode Parameter List
The mode parameter list contains a header followed by zero or more block descriptors followed by zero or more
variable length pages.
16.9.1.1
Header
The header used for the 6-byte CDB is defined below.
Table 115:
Mode Parameter Header (6)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0
Mode Data Length
1
Medium Type = 0
WP=0
2
Reserved
2
DPOFUA=1
1
0
1
0
Reserved
Block Descriptor Length (= 0 or 8)
3
The header used for the 10-byte CDB is defined below.
Table 116:
Mode Parameter Header (10)
Bit
Byte




6
5
4
3
0-1
Mode Data Length
2
Medium Type = 0
WP=0
3

7
Reserved
DPOFUA =1
4-5
Reserved
6-7
Block Descriptor Length (= 0 or 8)
2
Reserved
Mode Data Length specifies the length in bytes of the following data that is available to be transferred
when using the MODE SENSE command. The mode data length does not include the length byte itself.
When using the MODE SELECT command, this field is reserved.
Medium Type is always set to zero in the drive (Default Medium Type).
WP Write Protect is reserved when used with the MODE SELECT command. When used with the MODE
SENSE command, a Write Protect (WP) bit of zero indicates that the medium is write enabled.
DPOFU when set to 1 indicates that the Target supports the FUA and DPO bits in the Read and Write
Commands.
Block Descriptor Length specifies the length in bytes of the block descriptors. When used with the MODE
SELECT command, zero or eight is supported by the drive. When used with the MODE SENSE command,
the drive returns eight to indicate that only a single block descriptor is available.
Note: DPOFUA is ignored during MODE SELECT command processing although the SCSI Standard states that it is
reserved during MODE SELECDT. Ignoring it allows the Mode Sense Parameter List for the byte containing this bit
to be re-used as a Mode Select Parameter List.
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16.9.1.2
Block Descriptor
Table 117:
Block Descriptor
The Block descriptor provides formatting information about the Number of Blocks (user addressable) to format at
the specified Block Length.
Byte

0-3
Number of Blocks
4
Density Code = 0
5-7
Block Length
Number of Blocks
When used with the MODE SELECT command, the Number of Blocks field must be:
-
-
Zero to indicate that the available blocks are dependent on the supplied Block Length:
o If the Block Length specified in the MODE SELECT block descriptor is not changed, the
available blocks will not change.
o If the Block Length specified in the MODE SELECT block descriptor is changed, the
available blocks will be reset to the default capacity for the newly specified block length.
0xFFFFFFFF to indicate all available blocks - default capacity. If a soft capacity is desired, use
that value. Refer to section 4.1 for a table showing default and soft capacity limits.
The exact number of blocks in the data area of the drive, which can be obtained with the MODE
SENSE.
The number of blocks less than exact one, in order to CLIP the number of blocks.
Any other value is invalid and causes the command to fail with Check Condition status.
When used with the MODE SENSE command, the field contains the exact number of blocks.

Density Code is always 0 for direct access devices.

Block Length
The Block Length field reflects the number of bytes of user data per sector (not including any protection
information). When used with the MODE SELECT command, the Block Length field must contain one of
the following values: 512, 520, 528, 4096, 4160, and 4224 (8-byte step) or zero; otherwise, the drive will
terminate the command with Check Condition status.
A FORMAT UNIT command is required to cause these parameters to become current only if the block
length parameter is different from the current block length.
When used with the MODE SENSE command, the field is dependent on how the media is currently
formatted.
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16.9.1.3
Table 118:
Page Descriptor
Mode Parameter Page Format
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
PS
SPF
5
4
3
2
1
0
Page Code
1
Page Length
2-n
Mode Parameters
Each mode page contains a page code, a page length, and a set of mode parameters.


PS Parameter Savable when using the MODE SENSE command and set to 1 indicates that the mode page
can be saved by the drive in the reserved area of the drive. A PS bit of zero indicates that the supported
parameters cannot be saved. When using the MODE SELECT command, the PS bit is reserved (zero).
SPF Sub-Page Format is set to zero to indicate the short page format is used. The bit is set to one to indicate
the long format is used, supporting sub-pages. The drive supports the following mode page codes:
Table 119:

Mode Parameter Page Format
Page
Description
PS
00
Vendor Unique Parameters
1
01
Read-Write Error Recovery Parameters
1
02
Disconnect/Reconnect Control Parameters
1
03
Format Device Parameters
0
04
Rigid Disk Geometry Parameters
0
07
Verify Error Recovery Parameters
1
08
Caching Parameters
1
0A
Control Mode Page
1
0C
Notch Parameters
1
19
Port Control Page
1
1A
Power Control Parameters
1
1C
Informational Exceptions Control
1
Page Length specifies the length in bytes of the mode parameters that follow. If the Initiator does not set
this value to the value that is returned for the page by the MODE SENSE command, the drive will
terminate the command with Check Condition status.
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16.9.2
Mode Page 00h - Vendor Unique Parameters
Table 120:
Mode Page 00h - Vendor Unique Parameters
Bit
Default
Byte
7
6
0
PS
0
5
4
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 00h
80h
Page Length = 0Eh
1
0Eh
Ignored
2
EMTE
EM
00h
3
Ignored
00h
4
Ignored
00h
Ignored
5
FDD
Ignored
6
Ignored
00h
OCT (High Nibble)
00h
7
Overall Command Timer (Low Byte)
00h
8
Ignored
00h
9
Temperature Threshold
00h
10
Ignored
00h
11
Ignored
00h
12
Error
Injection
Read Reporting Threshold
Ignored
13
14
15
38h
Ignored
Ignored
FFMT = 1
00h
Ignored
SPI Flash
Reserved
Test
08h
Reserved
04h
Note: Fields marked in the table as 'Ignored' are not used or checked by the drive. They will be initialized to zero but
can be set as desired for compatibility with older drives.




EMTE forces Endurance Manager throttling when set to 1. Regardless of write data rate the Endurance
Manager will continuously limit the write data rate at the most aggressive setting. This feature is intended
for engineering evaluation only, and not for normal drive operation.
EM enables the Endurance Manager when set to 1. The Endurance Manager monitors bytes written to the
drive over time, and limits the rate to ensure drive life.
FDD Format Degraded Disable controls the reporting of Format Degraded sense data for Test Unit Ready
commands when the drive is in a format degraded state. When the FDD bit is 1, Format Degraded sense
data will not be reported for a Test Unit Ready command. When the FDD bit is 0, Format Degraded sense
data will be reported for Test Unit Ready commands when the drive is in a format degraded state. This bit
does not affect the reporting of Format Degraded conditions for any media access commands.
OCT Overall Command Timer controls the maximum command execution time, from receipt by the drive
until status is returned. If the command is unable to complete in the specified amount of time, it will be
aborted with Check Condition status, Aborted Command sense key. The Overall Command Timer does not
alter the behavior of the Command Aging Limit or Recovery Time Limit. Each unit of this timer is 50
milliseconds. Setting the value to 0 disabled the feature.
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




Temperature Threshold specifies the threshold value in degrees Celsius for the thermal sensor Information
Exception Warning; the reporting of which is controlled by Mode Page 0x1C. A value of 0 selects the
default value (70 degrees Celsius).
Error Injection indicates whether internal error injection is currently enabled or disabled. This bit is read
only. A value of 1 indicates that error injection mode is currently enabled. A value of 0 indicates that error
injection mode is currently disabled. Error injection mode is a drive feature that randomly injects pseudo
errors during read commands. It is controlled by the DPRY bit of the Format command. This mode should
only be used in a drive test mode to validate drive and system error reporting and handling functionality.
Read Reporting Threshold specifies the bits-in-error threshold at which recovered errors will be reported
when PER in Mode Page 0x01 is set to 1. The bit error on the media needs to exceed this threshold before it
will be reporting. Valid values for this field range from 6 to 58 bits in error.
FFMT when set to 1, it enables Fast Format. Fast format makes all LBAs immediately available for
writing. Block erase errors may not be reported until after the format command has completed. Refer to
section 18.12.1 for format times.
SPI Flash Test enables the periodic SPI flash background test. The test ensures the SPI flash storing the
drive's boot code is healthy. When enabled this test runs once every 24 hours of device power-on time. If it
fails a SMART Flash Scan trip occurs. The test is enabled if this bit is set to 1 and disabled if this bit is set
to 0.
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16.9.3
Table 121:
Mode Page 01h - Read/Write Error Recovery Parameters
Mode Page 01h - Read/Write Error Recovery Parameters
Bit
Default
Byte
7
6
0
PS
0
5
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 01h
81h
Page Length = 0Ah
1
2
4
AWRE
ARRE
TB
RC
EER = 0
0Ah
PER
DTE
DCR
C0A
3
Read Retry Count
01h
4
Obsolete
00h
5
Obsolete
00h
6
Obsolete
00h
7
Reserved
00h
8
Write Retry Count
00h
9
Reserved
00h
10
Recovery Time Limit
00h
The Read-Write recovery parameters that will be used during any command that performs a read or write operation
to the medium are as follows:











AWRE Automatic Write Reallocation Enabled bit is ignored. Automatic Write Reallocation is always
performed.
ARRE Automatic Read Reallocation Enabled bit is ignored. Automatic Read Reallocation is always
performed.
TB specifies if LBAs are to be transferred to the host even if they are in error. The device shall return a
block of zeroed data for any LBAs in error. This feature is enabled when set to 1.
RC Read Continuous bit is ignored.
EER Enable Early Recovery bit is ignored.
PER Post Error bit specifies whether or not recovered errors are reported. It is used in conjunction with the
Read Reporting Threshold in Mode Page 0x00. Setting this bit to 1 enables recovered error reporting of
media bit errors that exceed the Read Reporting Threshold in Page 0x00. Setting this bit to 0 disables
recovered error reporting of media errors.
DTE Data Terminate on Error is ignored.
DCR Disable Correction bit, is ignored.
Read Retry Count is ignored. Read recovery is always performed.
Write Retry Count is ignored.
Recovery Time Limit is ignored.
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16.9.4
Mode Page 02h - Disconnect/Reconnect Parameters
The Disconnect/Reconnect page provides the Initiator with the means to tune the performance of the SAS Link. The
drive uses the parameters to control when it attempts to regain control of the link during READ (operation code 08h
and 28h) and WRITE (0Ah, 2Ah and 2E).
Table 122:
Mode Page 02h - Disconnect/Reconnect Parameters
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
PS
0
5
4
3
2
1
Page Code = 02h
0
Default
82h
1
Page Length = 0Eh
0Eh
2
Read Buffer Full Ratio
00h
3
Write Buffer Empty Ratio
00h
4-5
Bus Inactivity Time Limit
6-7
Disconnect Time Limit = 0
00h
8-9
Maximum Connect Time Limit
00h
10-11
Maximum Burst Size
00h
12-13
Reserved
00h
14-15
First Burst Size = 0
00h
00h





Read Buffer Full Ratio is ignored.
Bus Inactivity Time Limit specifies the maximum time that the SAS target port is permitted to maintain a
connection without transferring a frame to the initiator port, specified in 100 microsecond increments.
When this value is exceeded, the target port will prepare to close the connection by transmitting DONE. A
value of zero indicates that there is no bus inactivity time limit.
Disconnect Time Limit is not supported.
Write Buffer Empty Ratio is ignored.
Maximum Connect Time Limit specifies the maximum amount of time the drive will keep a SAS
connection open. The time is specified in 100 microsecond increments. The default value of zero, indicates
no time limit. A maximum value of FFFFh, specifies a connection time limit of 6.55 seconds. When this
time expires, the drive will prepare to close the connection.
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16.9.5
Mode Page 03h - Format Device Parameters
The Format Device page contains parameters that specify the medium format. This page contains no changeable
parameters.
Table 123:
Mode Page 03h - Format Device Parameters
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
PS
0
5
4
3
2
1
Page Code = 03h
1
Page Length = 16h
2-3
Tracks per Zone
00h
00h
Alternate Sectors per Zone = 0
00h
00h
Alternate Tracks per Zone = 0
8-9
Alternate Tracks per Logical Unit = 0
10-11
Sectors Per Track
12-13
Data Bytes per Block
14-15
Interleave = 0001h or 0000h
16-17
Track Skew Factor
18-19
Cylinder Skew Factor










03h
16h
6-7
SSEC
21-23
Default
00h
4-5
20
0
HSEC
RMB
SURF
00h
00h
00h
00h
00h
00h
00h
00h
01h
00h
00h
00h
00h
Reserved
Reserved
40h
00h
Tracks per Zone is obsolete for SSDs.
Sectors per Track is obsolete for SSDs.
Data Bytes per Block specifies the number of user data bytes per. The value depends upon the current
formatted Block Length.
Interleave value of 1 or 0 is valid; however the drive will ignore this field.
Track Skew Factor is obsolete for SSDs.
Cylinder Skew Factor is obsolete for SSDs.
SSEC when 0, indicates that the drive does not support soft sector formatting.
HSEC when 1, indicates that the drive supports hard sector formatting.
RMB when 1, indicates that the media does not support removable Fixed Disk.
SURF is obsolete for SSDs
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16.9.6
Mode Page 04h - Rigid Disk Drive Geometry Parameters
The Rigid Disk Drive Geometry page specifies various parameters for the drive.
Table 124:
Mode Page 04h - Rigid Disk Drive Geometry Parameters
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
PS
0
5
4
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 04h
Default
04h
1
Page Length = 16h
16h
2-4
Number of Cylinders
5
Number of heads
00h
Starting Cylinder Write Precompensation = 0
00h
6-8
Starting Cylinder Reduced Write Current = 0
00h
9-11
12-13
Drive Step Rate = 0 (Not used)
14-16
Landing Zone Cylinder = 0 (Not used)
00h
00h
00h
00h
00h
00h
00h
00h
17
Reserved
18
Rotational Offset = 0 (Not used)
00h
19
Reserved
00h
20-21
Medium Rotation Rate
22-23
Reserved

RPL = 0
00h
00h
01h
Medium Rotation Rate is set to 1 to indicate that the drive is an SSD.
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00h
16.9.7
Table 125:
Mode Page 07h - Verify Error Recovery Parameters
Mode Page 07h - Verify Error Recovery Parameters
Bit
Default
Byte
7
6
0
PS
0
5
4
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 07h
87h
Page Length = 0Ah
1
Reserved
2
EER=0
0Ah
PER
DTE
DCR
00h
3
Verify Retry Count
01h
4
Obsolete
00h
5-9
Reserved
00h
10-11
Verify Recovery Time Limit
00h
The Verify recovery parameters are used by the Target when recovering from and reporting errors associated with
the verification of the Initiator's Data for the following commands:







VERIFY
WRITE AND VERIFY is the verify portion of the command only.
EER is ignored.
PER is ignored. The PER setting in Mode Page 01h is used for VERIFY commands.
DTE is ignored.
DCR is ignored.
Verify Recovery Time Limit is ignored.
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16.9.8
Mode Page 08h - Caching Parameters
The Caching Parameters page defines parameters that affect the use of the cache.
Table 126:
Mode Page 08h - Caching Parameters
Bit
Default
Byte
7
6
0
PS
0
5
4
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 08h
88h
Page Length = 12h
1
IC
2
ABPF
CAP
DISC
SIZE
Demand Read Retention Priority
3
12h
WCE
MF
Write Retention Priority
RCD
04h
00h
4-5
Disable Pre-fetch Transfer Length
FFh
6-7
Minimum Pre-fetch
00h
8-9
Maximum Pre-fetch
FFh
10-11
Maximum Pre-fetch Ceiling
FFh
FSW
12
LBCSS
DRA
Reserved
00h
13
Number of Cache Segments
00h
14-15
Cache Segment Size
00h
16
Reserved
00h
17-19
Non Cache Segment Size
00h




















IC Initiator Control bit is ignored.
ABPF Abort Pre-fetch bit is ignored.
CAP Caching Analysis Permitted is not supported and is ignored.
DISC Discontinuity is not supported and is ignored.
SIZE Enable bit is ignored.
WCE Write Cache Enable bit is ignored. Fail-safe write caching is always enabled.
MF Multiplication Factor bit is ignored.
RCD Read Cache Disable bit is ignored.
Demand Read Retention Priority is not supported.
Write Retention Priority is not supported.
Disable Pre-fetch Transfer Length is ignored.
Minimum Pre-fetch is ignored.
Maximum Pre-fetch is ignored.
Maximum Pre-fetch Ceiling is ignored.
FSW Force Sequential Write is not supported and is ignored. All logical blocks will be written in sequential
order.
LBCSS Logical Block Cache Segment Size bit is ignored
DRA Disable Read Ahead is ignored.
Number of Cache Segments is ignored.
Cache Segment Size is ignored.
Non Cache Segment Size is not supported and is ignored.
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16.9.9
Mode Page 0Ah - Control Mode Page Parameters
Table 127:
Mode Page 0Ah - Control Mode Page Parameters
Bit
Default
Byte
7
6
0
PS
0
5
4
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 0Ah
8Ah
Page Length = 0Ah
1
TST=0
2
TMFonly=0
Queue Algorithm Modifier
3
DPICZ
RSVD
4
RSVD
RAC=0
UA_INTLCK_CTRL=0
5
ATO
TAS=0
ATMPE
0Ah
D_Sense=0
RLEC=
0
00h
DQue
00h
QErr
SWP=0
RWWP
GLTSD=0
Obsolete
Reserved
00h
00h
6-7
Obsolete
00h
8-9
Busy Timeout Period
00h
10-11
Extended Self-test Routine Completion Time
XXh
The following are parameter options for Page 0A.

DPICZ Disable Protection Information Check Zero bit set to zero indicates that checking of protection
information bytes is enabled. A DPICZ bit set to one indicates that checking of protection information is
disabled on commands with:
a) The RDPROTECT field (see SCSI Block Commands - 3 (SBC-3)) set to zero;
b) The VRPROTECT field (see SCSI Block Commands - 3 (SBC-3)) set to zero; or
c) The ORPROTECT field (see SCSI Block Commands - 3 (SBC-3)) set to zero.

Queue Algorithm Modifier specifies restrictions on the algorithm used for reordering commands that are
tagged with the SIMPLE message.
0h
Restricted Reordering. The Target shall reorder the actual execution sequence of the queued
commands from each Initiator such that data integrity is maintained for that Initiator.
1h
Unrestricted Reordering Allowed. The Target may reorder the actual execution sequence of
the queued commands in any manner it selects. Any data integrity exposures related to
command sequence order are explicitly handled by the Initiator through the selection of
appropriate commands and queue tag messages.
2h-7h
8h
9h-Fh
Reserved
Command reordering is disabled.
Reserved
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
QErr Queue Error Management specifies how the device server shall handle blocked tasks when another
task receives a Check Condition status.
QERR Value



Description
00b
Specifies that all tasks from all Initiators are blocked from execution when a
Contingent Allegiance (CA condition) is pending. Those blocked tasks are allowed to
resume execution in a normal fashion after the CA condition is cleared.
01b
Specifies that all tasks from all Initiators are aborted when the Target returns Check
Condition status. A unit attention condition will be generated for each Initiator that
had commands in the queue except for the Initiator that received the Check Condition
status. The sense key will be set to Unit Attention and the additional sense code will
be set to Commands Cleared by Another Initiator.
10b
Reserved
11b
Blocked tasks in the task set belonging to the Initiator to which a Check Condition
status is sent shall be aborted when the status is sent.
DQue Disable Queuing set at zero specifies that tagged queuing shall be enabled if the Target supports
tagged queuing. A DQue bit set at one specifies that tagged queuing shall be disabled. Command queuing is
always enabled on the drive, therefore this bit is ignored.
ATO Application Tag Owner set to one specifies that the contents of the Logical Block Application Tag
field in the protection information, if any, shall not be modified by the drive. An ATO bit set to zero
specifies that the contents of the Logical Block Application Tag field in the protection information, if any,
may be modified by the drive. If the ATO bit is set to zero, the drive will ignore the contents of the Logical
Block Application Tag field in the protection information.
ATMPE Application Tag Mode Page Enabled bit set to zero specifies that the Application Tag mode page
(see SBC-3) is disabled and the contents of logical block application tags are not defined. An ATMPE bit
set to one specifies that the Application Tag mode page is enabled.
If:
a.) The ATMPE is set to one;
b) The ATO bit is set to one;
c) The value in the DPICZ bit allows protection information checking for the specified command; and,
d) The APP_CHK bit is set to one in the Extended INQUIRY VPD page.
then:
Knowledge of the value of the Application Tag shall come from the values in the Application Tag Mode
page as specified by the DPICZ bit.



RWWP Reject Write Without Protection bit set to zero specifies that the device server shall process write
commands that are specified to include user data without protection information (e.g., a WRITE(10)
command with the WRPROTECT field set to 000b (see SBC-3). A RWWP bit set to one specifies that the
device server in a logical unit that has been formatted with protection information shall terminate with
CHECK CONDITION status with the sense key set to ILLEGAL REQUEST and the additional sense code
set to INVALID FIELD IN CDB any write command that is specified to include user data without
protection information.
Busy Timeout Period is not supported and is ignored.
Extended Self-test Routine Completion Time is an advisory parameter that an Initiator may use to
determine the time in seconds that the Target requires to complete self-test routine when the Target is not
interrupted by an Initiator and no errors occur during execution of the self-test routine.
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16.9.9.1
Table 128:
Control Extension Subpage
Control Extension Subpage
Bit
Default
Byte
7
6
5
0
PS
SPF = 1
4
3
2
1
0
CAh
Page Code = 0Ah
1
Subpage Code = 01h
01h
2-3
Page Length = 001Ch
001Ch
4
Reserved
5
TCMOS
Reserved
SCSIP
Initial Priority
IALUAE
00h
00h
6
Maximum Sense Data Length
00h
7-31
Reserved
00h





TCMOS Timestamp Changeable by Methods Outside This Standard is set to 0 to specify that the
timestamp shall not be changed by any method except those defined by this standard.
SCSIP SCSI Precedence is set to 0 to specify that methods outside this standard may change the timestamp
and that the SET TIMESTAMP command is illegal.
IALUAE Implicit Asymmetric Logical Unit Access Enabled is set to 0 to specify that implicitly managed
transitions between primary target port asymmetric access states are disallowed and indicates that implicitly
managed transitions between primary target port asymmetric access states are disallowed or not supported.
Initial Command Priority is set to 0 to indicate that the device server does not support priorities with the
SET PRIORITY command.
Maximum Sense Data Length specifies the maximum number of bytes of sense data the device server shall
return in the same I_T_L_Q nexus transaction as the status. A Maximum Sense Data Length field set to
zero specifies that there is no limit. The device server shall not return more sense data bytes in the same
I_T_L_Q nexus transaction as the status than the smaller of the length indicated by the:
a) Maximum Sense Data Length field; and,
b) Maximum Supported Sense Data Length field in the Extended INQUIRY VPD page (Page 86h).
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16.9.9.2
Application Tag Subpage
The Application Tag mode page specifies the Application Tag that a device server configured for protection
information shall use for each LBA range if the ATO bit in the Control Mode page (see SCSI Primary Commands –
4 (SPC-4)) is set to 1 (one). The mode page policy for this page shall be shared.
If a method not defined by this standard changes the parameter data to be returned by the device server in the
Application Tag mode page, then the device server shall establish a unit attention condition for the SCSI initiator
port associated with every I_T nexus with the additional sense code set to MODE PARAMETERS CHANGED.
Table 129:
Application Tag Mode Page
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
PS
SPF = 1
5
4
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 0Ah
1
Subpage Code = 02h
2-3
Page Length = n-3
4-15
Reserved
Application Tag Descriptors
16-39
Application Tag descriptor [First]
(n-24)-n
Application Tag descriptor [Last]


The Parameters Savable (PS) bit, the subpage format (SPF) bit, the Page Code field, the Subpage Code
field, and the Page Length field are defined in SCSI Primary Commands – 4 (SPC-4).
The SPF bit, the Page Code field, the Subpage Code field, and the Page Length field shall be set to the
values shown in the previous table.
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The Application Tag Descriptors are defined in the following table.
Table 130:
Application Tag Descriptor Format
Bit
Byte
7
0
Last
6
5
4
3
Reserved
6-7
Logical Block Application Tag
8-15
Logical Block Address
16-23
Logical Block Count







1
0
Reserved
1-5

2
A Last bit set to one specifies that this Application Tag descriptor is the last valid Application Tag
descriptor in the Application Tag mode page. A Last bit set to zero specifies that the Application Tag
descriptor is not the last valid Application Tag descriptor in the Application Tag mode page.
The Logical Block Application Tag field specifies the value to be compared with the Logical Block
Application Tag field associated with data read or written to the LBA.
The Logical Block Address field contains the starting LBA for this Application Tag descriptor. The Logical
Block Address field in the first Application Tag descriptor shall be set to 0000_0000_0000_0000h. For
subsequent Application Tag descriptors, the contents of the Logical Block Address field shall contain the
sum of the values in:
a) The Logical Block Address field in the previous Application Tag Descriptor, and;
b) The Logical Block Count field in the previous Application Tag Descriptor.
The sum of the Logical Block Address field in the Application Tag descriptor with the Last bit set to one
and the Logical Block Count field in the Application Tag descriptor with the Last bit set to one shall equal
the Returned Logical Block Address field in the Read Capacity (16) parameter data.
If an invalid combination of the Last bit, Logical Block Application Tag field, and Logical Block Address
field are sent by the application client, then the device server shall terminate the Mode Select command
(see SCSI Primary Commands – 4 (SPC-4)) with Check Condition status with the sense key set to Illegal
Request and the additional sense code set to Invalid Field In Parameter List.
The Logical Block Count field specifies the number of logical blocks to which this Application Tag
descriptor applies.
A Logical Block Count field set to 0000_0000_0000_0000h specifies that this Application Tag descriptor
shall be ignored.
The drive supports a maximum of 16 Application Tag Descriptors.
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16.9.10 Mode Page 0Ch - Notch Parameters
The Notch Parameters page is obsolete for SSDs and is presented here for informational purposes only.
Table 131:
Mode Page 0Ch - Notch Parameters
Bit
Byte
0
1
2
3
7
PS
6
0
ND = 1
LPN = 0
5
4
3
2
Page Code = 0Ch
Page Length = 16h
Reserved
Reserved
4-5
Maximum Number of Notches
6-7
Active Notch
8-11
Starting Boundary
12-15
Ending Boundary
16-23
Pages Notched
1
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0
Default
8Ch
16h
80h
00h
00h
00h
00h
00h
00h
00h
00h
00h
0000h
0000h
0000h
0000h
16.9.11 Mode Page 18h (Protocol-Specific Logical Unit)
This page will define the protocol-specific parameters that affect the logical unit.
Table 132:
Mode Page 18h (Protocol-Specific Logical Unit)
Bit
Default
Byte
7
6
0
PS=0
SPF=0
4
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 18h
18h
Page Length = 6h
1
Reserved
2

5
Transport Layer Retries=0
6h
Protocol Identifier = 6h
6h
3
Reserved
00h
4-7
Reserved
00h
Transport Layer Retries is unchangeable and set to zero. The drive does not support Transport Layer
Retries as defined in SAS 1.1.
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16.9.12 Mode Page 19h - Port Control Parameters
The Protocol-Specific Port mode page contains parameters that affect SSP target port operation. There is one copy
of the mode page shared by all SSP initiator ports.
16.9.12.1 Short Format of Port Control Page
Table 133:
Short (Port Control Parameters) Short Format
Bit
Default
Byte
7
6
0
PS
SPF = 0
4
3
2
1
Page Code = 19h
Page Length = 0Eh
1
2
5
RSVD
Continue
AWT
Broadcast
Asynchronous
Event
Ready
LED
Meaning
0
99h
0Eh
Protocol Identifier = 6h
06h
3
Reserved
00h
4-5
I_T Nexus Loss Timer
07h-D0h
6-7
Initiator Response Timeout
07h-D0h
8-9
Reject to Open Limit
0000h
10-15
Reserved
00h







PS Parameters Savable is set to 1 to indicate the parameters are savable.
SPF shall be set to zero for access to the short format mode page.
Protocol Identifier has a value of 6h to indicate this is a SAS SSP specific mode page.
Continue AWT bit is set to one (1) to specify that the SAS port shall not stop the Arbitration Wait Time
timer and set the Arbitration Wait Time timer to zero when the SAS port receives an OPEN_REJECT
RETRY). A CONTINUE AWT bit set to zero specifies that the SAS port shall stop the Arbitration Wait
Time timer and set the Arbitration Wait Time timer to zero when it receives an OPEN_REJECT (RETRY).
Broadcast Asynchronous Event bit set to one specifies that the device server shall enable origination of
Broadcast (Asynchronous Event). A BROADCAST ASYNCHRONOUS EVENT bit set to zero specifies
that the device server shall disable origination of Broadcast (Asynchronous Event).
Ready LED Meaning specifies the READY LED signal behavior. In general, when the bit is 0, and the
drive is in a ready state, the LED is usually on, but flashes on and off when commands are processed. When
the bit is 1, the LED is usually off, but flashes on and off when commands are processed. For additional
implementation specifics, see the SAS standards.
I_T Nexus Loss Time contains the time (in milliseconds) that our SSP target port shall retry connection
requests to an SSP initiator port that are rejected with responses indicating the SSP initiator port may no
longer be present before recognizing an I_T nexus loss. A value of 0 indicates a vendor specific amount of
time and defaults to a 2 second time period. A value of FFFFh indicates an unlimited period. The default
value of 7D0h, specifies a 2 second time period.
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

Initiator Response Timeout contains the time in milliseconds that the SSP target port shall wait for the
receipt of a Data frame after sending the XFER_RDY frame requesting data. When the INITIATOR
RESPONSE TIMEOUT expires, the associated command will be aborted. An INITIATOR RESPONSE
TIMEOUT field value of zero indicates that the SSP target port shall disable the timer. This value is
enforced by the transport layer. The default value of 7D0h, specifies a 2 second time period.
Reject to Open Limit contains the minimum time in 10 µs increments that the target port shall wait to
establish a connection request with an initiator port on an I_T nexus after receiving an OPEN_REJECT
(RETRY), OPEN_REJECT (CONTINUE 0), or OPEN_REJECT (CONTINUE 1). This value may be
rounded as defined in SCSI Primary Commands – 4 (SPC-4). A REJECT TO OPEN LIMIT field set to
0000h indicates that the minimum time is vendor specific. This minimum time is enforced by the transport
layer.
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16.9.12.2 Long Format of Port Control Page
The drive maintains an independent set of port control mode page parameters for each SAS initiator port.
Table 134:
Long Format of Port Control Page
Bit
Default
Byte
7
6
5
0
PS
SPF=1
4
3
2
1
Page Code = 19h
0
D9h
1
Subpage Code
...
2-3
Page Length (n-3)
0000h
4
Reserved
00h
5
Reserved
Protocol Identifier = 6h
06h
...
6
Protocol Specific Mode Parameters
...
n




SPF shall be set to one for access to the long format mode page.
Subpage Code indicates which subpage is being accessed. The drive supports the following subpage codes.
If the Subpage Code is not supported, the drive returns a CHECK CONDITION status, the sense key is set
to ILLEGAL REQUEST and the additional sense code set to ILLEGAL FIELD IN PARAMETER LIST:
01h
PHY Control and Discover Subpage
02h
Shared Port Control Subpage
FFh
All supported Subpages
Page Length specifies the length in bytes of the subpage parameters after the Page Length.
Protocol Identifier has a value of 6h indicating this is a SAS SSP specific mode page.
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16.9.12.3 PHY Control and Discover - Subpage 1
The Phy Control and Discover subpage contains Phy-specific parameters. The MODE SENSE command returns the
current settings for the initiator.
Table 135:
PHY Control and Discover - Subpage 1
Bit
Default
Byte
7
6
5
0
PS
SPF=1
4
3
2
1
Page Code = 19h
0
D9h
1
Subpage Code = 1
01h
2-3
Page Length = 0064h
0064h
4
Reserved
00h
Reserved
5
Protocol Identifier = 6h
06h
6
Generation Code
00h
7
Number of PHYS = 2
02h
8-55
SAS PHY Mode Descriptor 0
...
56-103
SAS PHY Mode Descriptor 1
...




Protocol Identifier has a value of 6h indicating this is a SAS SSP specific mode page.
Generation Code is a one-byte counter that shall be incremented by one by the device server every time the
values in this mode page or the SAS Phy mode page (see SAS Phy Mode Page - Subpage 3) field values are
changed. A GENERATION CODE field set to 00h indicates the generation code is unknown. The device
server shall wrap this field to 01h as the next increment after reaching its maximum value (i.e., FFh). The
GENERATION CODE field is also contained in the Protocol-Specific Port log page and may be used to
correlate Phy settings across mode page and log page accesses.
Number of PHYS is set to 2, to represent the dual ported drive (one PHY per port)
SAS PHY Mode Descriptor are defined in Table 116 on page 152. There are two SAS PHY Mode
Descriptor fields, one per port.
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Table 136:
SAS PHY Mode Descriptor
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0
Reserved
1
PHY Identifier
2
1
0
Reserved
2-3
RSVD
4
Attached Device Type
Attached Reason
Reason
5
6
Reserved
7
Reserved
Negotiated Logical Link Rate
Attached
SSP
Initiator
Port
Attached
STP
Initiator
Port
Attached
SMP
Reserved
Initiator Port
Attached
Attached
Attached
SSP Target STP Target STP Target
Port
Port
Port
8-15
SAS Address
16-23
Attached SAS Address
24
Attached PHY Identifier
25-31
Reserved
Reserved
32
Programmed Minimum Physical Link Rate
Hardware Minimum Physical Link Rate
33
Programmed Maximum Physical Link Rate
Hardware Maximum Physical Link Rate
34-41
Reserved
42-43
Vendor Specific
44-47
Reserved










PHY Identifier indicates the Unique PHY Identifier for the PHY associated with the other data in this SAS
PHY Mode Descriptor Page.
Attached Reason indicates the value of the REASON field in the last received IDENTIFY address frame
associated with the PHY Identifier list in this SAS PHY Mode Descriptor. See Table 44:.
Attached Device Type indicated the value of the DEVICE TYPE field in the last received IDENTIFY
address frame associated with the PHY Identifier listed in this SAS PHY Mode Descriptor. See Table 44:
Attached SAS Address indicates the value of the attached SAS address in the last received IDENTIFY
address frame associated with the PHY Identifier list in this SAS PHY Mode Descriptor. See Table 44:.
Attached PHY Identifier indicated the value of the attached PHY Identifier field in the last received
IDENTIFY address frame associated with the PHY Identifier listed in this SAS PHY Mode Descriptor. See
Table 44:.
SAS Address contains the Unique Port Identifier for the Port associated with the PHY Identifier listed in
this SAS PHY Mode Descriptor
Hardware Minimum Physical Link Rate is the minimum link rate supported by the Port associated with the
PHY Identifier listed in this SAS PHY Mode Descriptor.
Hardware Maximum Physical Link Rate is the maximum link rate supported by the Port associated with the
PHY Identifier listed in this SAS PHY Mode Descriptor.
Programmed Minimum Physical Link Rate is the current minimum link rate used during speed negotiation
by the Port associated with the PHY Identifier listed in this SAS PHY Mode Descriptor.
Programmed Maximum Physical Link Rate is the current maximum link rate used during speed negotiation
by the Port associated with the PHY Identifier listed in this SAS PHY Mode Descriptor.
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16.9.12.4 Shared Port Control - Subpage 2
Table 137:
Shared Port Control - Subpage 2
Bit
Default
Byte
7
6
5
0
PS
SPF=1
4
3
2
1
Page Code = 19h
0
D9h
1
Subpage Code = 2
02h
2-3
Page Length = 000Ch
000Ch
4
Reserved
00h
Reserved
5
Protocol Identifier = 6
06h
6-7
Power Loss Timeout
0000h
8-15
Reserved
00h

Power Loss Timeout is the maximum time, in one millisecond increments, that the drive port will respond
to connection requests with OPEN_REJECT (RETRY) after receiving NOTIFY (POWER LOSS
EXPECTED).
o
The Power Loss Timeout will be restarted after each NOTIFY (POWER LOSS EXPECTED) that
is received.
o
A POWER LOSS TIMEOUT field set to 0000h specifies that the maximum time is vendorspecific and automatically defaults to 2 seconds.
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16.9.12.5 SAS Phy Mode Page - Subpage 3
Table 138:
SAS Phy Mode Page - Subpage 3
Bit
Default
Byte
7
6
5
0
PS
SPF=1
4
3
2
1
Page Code 19h
0
D9h
1
Subpage Code = 3
03h
2-3
Page Length = 002Ch
002Ch
4
Reserved
00h
Reserved
5
Protocol Identifier = 6
06h
6
Generation Code
00h
7
Number of Phys = 02h
02h
8-27
SAS PHY Mode Descriptor 0
-
28-47
SAS PHY Mode Descriptor 1
-

Generation Code is a one-byte counter that shall be incremented by one by the device server every time the
values in this mode page or the SAS Phy mode page (see SAS Phy Mode Page - Subpage 3) field values are
changed.
o
o
A Generation Code field set to 00h indicates the generation code is unknown. The device server
shall wrap this field to 01h as the next increment after reaching its maximum value (i.e., FFh).
The Generation Code field is also contained in the Protocol-Specific Port log page and may be
used to correlate Phy settings across mode page and log page accesses.
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Table 139:
PHY Mode Descriptor (0 and 1)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
0
Reserved
1
PHY Identifier
2-3
Descriptor Length (0010h)
4-7
Programmed PHY Capabilities
8-11
Current PHY Capabilities
12-15
Attached PHY Capabilities
16-17
Reserved
18
19




Negotiated
SSC
Reserved
Reserved
1
0
Negotiated Physical Link Rate
Enable
Slumber
Enable
Partial
Phy Capabilities are defined under the “SAS Speed Negotiation” on Page XX.
Enable Partial enables the drive to support partial slumber power down.
Enable Slumber enables the drive to support slumber power down.
See Section 15.4.6 for more information on Power Management.
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Hardware
Muxing
Supported=’0’
16.9.13 Mode Page 1Ah - Power Control
Table 140:
Mode Page 1Ah - Power Control
Bit
Default
Byte
7
6
0
PS
0
5
4
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 1Ah
9Ah
Page Length = 26h
1
26h
Reserved
2
Reserved
3
Idle_C
Idle_B
Idle_A
Standby_Y
00h
Standby_Z
00h
4-7
Idle_A Condition Timer
00h
8-11
Standby_Z Condition Timer
00h
12-15
Idle_B Condition Timer
00h
16-19
Idle_C Condition Timer
00h
20-23
Standby_Y Condition Timer
00h
24-39
Reserved
00h










Standby_Y if set to one, then the standby_y condition timer is enabled. If the STANDBY_Y bit is set to
zero, then the device shall ignore the standby_y condition timer.
Idle_C if set to one, then the idle_c condition timer is enabled. If the IDLE_C bit is set to zero, then the
device shall ignore the idle_c condition timer.
Idle_B if set to one, then the idle_b condition timer is enabled. If the IDLE_B bit is set to zero, then the
device shall ignore the idle_b condition timer.
Idle_A if set to one, then the idle_a condition timer is enabled. If the IDLE_A bit is set to zero, then the
device shall ignore the idle_c condition timer.
Standby_Z if set to one, then the standby_z condition timer is enabled. If the STANDBY_Z bit is set to
zero, then the device shall ignore the standby_z condition timer.
Idle_A Condition Timer field specifies the initial value, in 100 millisecond increments, for the idle_a power
condition timer. The minimum allowable inactivity time for idle_a is 1 second. Any value less than this is
accepted, but will automatically default to 1 second.
Standby_Z Condition Timer specifies the initial value, in 100 millisecond increments, for the standby_z
power condition timer. The minimum allowable inactivity time for standby_z is 2 minutes. Any value less
than this is accepted, but will automatically default to two minutes. In addition, a limit of 60 timer initiated
head unloads per 24 hour period is enforced.
Idle_B Condition Timer specifies the initial value, in 100 millisecond increments, for the idle_b power
condition timer. The minimum allowable inactivity time for idle_b is 2 minutes. Any value less than this is
accepted, but will automatically default to two minutes. In addition, a limit 60 timer initiated head unloads
per 24 hour period is enforced.
Idle_C Condition Timer specifies the initial value, in 100 millisecond increments, for the idle_c power
condition timer. The minimum allowable inactivity time for idle_c is 2 minutes. Any value less than this is
accepted, but will automatically default to two minutes. In addition, a limit of 60 timer initiated head
unloads per 24 hour period is enforced.
Standby_Y Condition Timer specifies the initial value, in 100 millisecond increments, for the standby_y
power condition timer. The minimum allowable inactivity time for standby_y is 2 minutes. Any value less
than this is accepted, but will automatically default to two minutes. In addition, a limit 60 timer initiated
head unloads per 24 hour period is enforced.
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16.9.13.1 Power Consumption - Subpage 1
Power Consumption ID specifies the current power consumption mode enabled on the drive.
Table 141:
Power Consumption - Subpage 1
BIT
Default
Byte
7
6
0
PS
SPF=1
5
4
3
2
1
Page Code = 1Ah
0
DAh
1
Subpage Code = 01h
01h
2-3
Page Length = 000Ch
000Ch
4-6
Reserved
0000h
7
Power Consumption ID
00h
8-15
Reserved
0000h
The valid values are:
Value
Power Consumption Mode
0x00
9 Watt
0x01
11 Watt
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16.9.14 Mode Page 1Ch - Informational Exceptions Control
Table 142:
Mode Page 1Ch - Informational Exceptions Control
Bit
Default
Byte
7
6
0
PS
0
5
4
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 1Ch
9Ch
Page Length = 0Ah
1
PERF
2
RSVD
EBF
EWASC DEXCPT
Reserved
3
0Ah
TEST
EBACKERR LOGERR
Method of Reporting
10h
03h
00h
00h
Interval Time
4-7
00h
00h
8-11







Report Count
00h
PERF Performance bit is not supported and is ignored. Informational Exception operations will not cause
performance delays.
EBF Enable Background Function bit is not supported and is ignored. Background functions are always
enabled.
EWASC Enable Warning ASC bit of 0 indicates that warnings will not be reported. A EWASC bit of one
allows warnings to be reported. The Method of Reporting field controls the reporting method. EWASC is
independent of DEXCPT.
DEXCPT Disable Exception Control bit of 0 indicates information exception operations are enabled. The
reporting of information exception conditions when the DEXCPT bit is set to zero is determined from the
Method of Reporting field. A DEXCPT bit of one indicates the Target disabled all information exception
operations.
TEST bit of 1 instructs the drive to generate false drive notifications at the next interval time, (as
determined by the INTERVAL TIMER field), if the DEXCPT is zero. The Method of Reporting and
Report Count would apply. The false drive failure is reported as sense qualifier 5DFFh. The TEST bit of
zero instructs the drive to stop generating any false drive notifications.
EBACKERR Enable Background Error bit of 0 disables reporting of background self-test errors and
background scan errors via Information Exceptions Control. An EBACKERR bit of one enables reporting
of these background errors as Information Exception Warnings. The method of reporting these errors is
determined from the MRIE field.
LOGERR Log Errors is not used and ignored internally by the Target.
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
Method of Reporting Informational Exceptions indicates the methods used by the Target to report
informational exception conditions.
Code
0h
No Reporting of Informational Exception Condition. This method instructs the Target to not report
informational exception condition.
1h
Asynchronous Event Reporting. Not supported.
2h
Generate Unit Attention. This method instructs the Target to report informational exception conditions
by returning a Check Condition status on any command. The sense key is set to Unit Attention and the
additional sense code indicates the cause of the informational exception condition. The command that
has the Check Condition is not executed before the informational exception condition is reported.
3h
Conditionally Generate Recovered Error. This method instructs the Target to report informational
exception conditions, dependent on the value of the PER bit of the error recovery parameters mode page,
by returning a Check Condition status on any command. The sense key is set to Recovered Error and the
additional sense code indicates the cause of the informational exception condition. The command that
has the Check Condition completes without error before any informational exception condition is
reported.
4h
Unconditionally Generate Recovered Error. This method instructs the Target to report informational
exception conditions, regardless of the value of the PER bit of the error recovery parameters mode page,
by returning a Check Condition status on any command. The sense key is set to Recovered Error and the
additional sense code indicates the cause of the informational exception condition. The command that
has the Check Condition completes without error before any informational exception condition is
reported.
5h
Generate No Sense. This method instructs the Target to report informational exception conditions by
returning a Check Condition status on any command. The sense key is set to No Sense and the
additional sense code indicates the cause of the informational exception condition. The command that
has the Check Condition completes without error before any informational exception condition is
reported.
6h
Only Report Informational Exception Condition on Request. This method instructs the Target to
preserve the informational exception(s) information. To find out about information exception conditions
the Application Client polls the Target by issuing an unsolicited Request Sense command. The sense key
is set to No Sense and the additional sense code indicates the cause of the informational exception
condition.
7h-Fh


Description
Reserved.
Interval Timer indicates the period in 100 millisecond increments for reporting that an informational
exception condition has occurred. The target shall not report informational exception conditions more
frequently than the time specified by the Interval Timer field and as soon as possible after the time interval
has elapsed. After the informational exception condition has been reported the interval timer is restarted. A
value of zero or 0xFFFFFFFF in the Interval Timer field indicates that the target only reports the
informational exception condition one time and will override the value set in the Report Count field.
Report Count indicates the number of times the Target reports an informational exception condition. The
Report Count of ZERO indicates no limits on the number of times the Target reports an informational
exception condition.
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16.9.14.1 Background Control - Subpage 01h
Table 143:
Background Control - Subpage 01h
Bit
Default
Byte
7
6
0
PS
SPF=1
5
4
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 1Ch
DCh
1
Subpage Code = 01h
01h
2-3
Page Length = 0Ch
000Ch
Reserved
4
S_L_Full
LOWIR
Reserved
5
EN_BMS
00h
EN_PS
00h
6-7
Background Medium Scan Interval Time
00A8h
8-9
Background Pre-Scan Time Limit
0000h
10-11
Minimum Idle Time Before Background Scan
0000h
12-13
Maximum Time To Suspend Background Scan (Ignored)
0000h
14-15
Reserved
0000h








S_L_FULL Suspend on Log Full bit is set to 0 to allow background scans to continue if the results log (Log
Sense Page 15h) is full. S_L_FULL bit set to one will cause background scans to suspend when the log is
full.
LOWIR Log Only When Intervention Required bit set to 0 allows logging of all medium errors in the
results log (Log Sense Page 15h). When the LOWIR bit is set to one, only unrecovered medium errors will
be logged.
EN_BMS Enable Background Medium Scan bit set to 0 specifies that the background medium scan is
disabled. EN_BMS bit set to one specifies that background medium scan operations are enabled. If a
background medium scan is in progress when the EN_BMS bit is changed from one to zero, then the
medium scan shall be suspended until the EN_BMS bit is set to one, at which time the medium scan shall
resume from the suspended location.
EN_PS Enable Pre-Scan bit set to 0 specifies that the pre-scan is disabled. If a pre-scan operation is in
progress when EN_PS is changed from a one to a zero, then pre-scan is halted. An EN_PS bit set to one
specifies that a pre-scan operation is started after the next power-on cycle. Once this pre-scan has
completed, another pre-scan shall not occur unless the EN_PS bit is set to zero, then set to one, and another
power-on cycle occurs.
Background Medium Scan Interval Time specifies the minimum time, in hours, between the start of one
background medium scan operation and the start of the next background medium scan operation.
Background Pre-Scan Time Limit specifies the maximum time, in hours, for a pre-scan operation to
complete. If the pre-scan operation does not complete within the specified time, then it is halted. A value of
zero specifies an unlimited time limit.
Minimum Idle Time before Background Scan specifies the minimum time, in milliseconds, that the drive
must be idle before resuming a background media scan or pre-scan. A value of zero will be treated as the
default value of 1.0 second. Any value less than 100 milliseconds will be treated as 100 milliseconds. The
internal timer granularity is 50 milliseconds.
Maximum Time to Suspend Background Scan is ignored.
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16.10 MODE SENSE (5A)
The MODE SENSE (5A) command provides a means for the drive to report various device parameters to the
initiator. See the MODE SENSE (1A) command for a description of the fields in this command.
Table 144:
MODE SENSE (5A)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
3
2
1
Command Code = 5Ah
Reserved
1
2
4
DBD
PCF
Page Code
3-6
Reserved
7-8
Allocation Length
9
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
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Reserved
0
16.11 PERSISTENT RESERVE IN (5E)
PERSISTENT RESERVE IN (5E) is used to obtain information about persistent reservations and reservation keys
that are active within the controller. This command is used in conjunction with the PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT
command PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT (5F).
Table 145:
Persistent Reserve In (5E)
Bit
Byte
7
6
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 5Eh
0
Reserved
1

5
Service Action
2-6
Reserved
7-8
Allocation Length
9
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
Allocation Length indicates how much space has been allocated for the returned parameter data. If the
length is not sufficient to contain all parameter data, the first portion of the data will be returned. If the
remainder of the data is required, the initiator should send a new PERSISTENT RESERVE IN command
and an Allocation Length large enough to contain all data.
16.11.1 Service Action Codes
The following Service Action Codes are implemented. If a reserved service action code is specified, the drive
returns a Check Condition status. The sense key is set to Illegal Request and the additional sense data is set to
Invalid Field in CDB.
Table 146:
Code
PERSISTENT RESERVE IN, Service Action Codes
Name
Descriptions
00h
Read Keys
Reads all registered Reservation Keys.
01h
Read Reservations
Reads all current persistent reservations.
02h
Report Capabilities
Returns capability information.
03h
Read Full Status
Reads complete information about all registrations and the
persistent reservation, if any.
Reserved
Reserved
04h-1Fh
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16.11.2 Parameter Data for Read Keys
Table 147:
PERSISTENT RESERVE IN, Parameter Data for Read Keys
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0-3
Generation
4-7
Additional length (n-7)
8-15
First Reservation Key
2
1
0
...
(n-7)-n



Last Reservation Key
Generation is a counter that increments when PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT command with “Register” or
“Preempt and Clear” completes successfully. Generation is set to 0 as part of the power on reset process
and hard reset process. It contains a 32-bit counter that the Target shall increment every time a
PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT command requests a Register, a Clear, a Preempt, or a Preempt and Abort
service action. The counter shall not be incremented by a PERSISTENT RESERVE IN command, by a
PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT command that performs a Reserve or Release service action, or by a
PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT command that is not performed due to an error or reservation conflict.
Regardless of the APTPL value the generation value shall be set to 0 as part of the power on reset process.
Additional Length contains a count of the number of bytes in the reservation key list. If the allocation
length specified by the PERSISTENT RESERVE IN command is not sufficient to contain the entire
parameter list, then only the bytes from 0 to the maximum allowed allocation length shall be sent to the
Initiator. The incremental remaining bytes shall be truncated, although the Additional Length field shall
still contain the actual number of bytes in the reservation key list without consideration of any truncation
resulting from an insufficient allocation length. This shall not be considered an error.
Reservation Key list contains the 8-byte reservation keys for all Initiators that have registered through all
ports with the Target.
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16.11.3 Parameter Data for Read Reservations
Table 148:
PERSISTENT RESERVE IN, Parameter Data for Read Reservations
Bit
Byte



7
6
5
4
3
0-3
Generation
4-7
(Additional Length (n-7)
8-n
Reservation Descriptors
2
1
0
Generation shall be as defined for the Persistent Reserve In Read Keys parameter data. The Additional
Length field contains a count of the number of bytes to follow in the Reservation Descriptor(s).
Allocation length is specified by the PERSISTENT RESERVE IN command if not sufficient to contain the
entire parameter list, then only the bytes from 0 to the maximum allowed allocation length shall be sent to
the Initiator. The remaining bytes shall be truncated, although the Additional Length field shall still contain
the actual number of bytes of the Reservation Descriptor(s) and shall not be affected by the truncation. This
shall not be considered an error.
Reservation Descriptors’ format is defined in the Persistent Reserve In Reservation Descriptor table. There
shall be a Reservation Descriptor for the persistent reservation, if any, present in the Target having a
persistent reservation.
Table 149:
PERSISTENT RESERVE IN, Read Reservation Descriptor
Bit
Byte
6
5
4
3
0-7
Reservation Key
8-11
Scope-Specific Address
12
Reserved
13
14-15

7
Scope=0
2
1
Type
Extent Length=0
Scope of each persistent reservation created by a PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT command will be
returned. See the PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT command section for details.
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0
16.12 PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT (5F)
PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT (5F) is used to request service actions that reserve the drive for the exclusive or
shared use of the initiator. The command uses other service actions to manage and remove such reservations. This
command is used in conjunction with the PERSISTENT RESERVE IN command, and should not be used with the
RESERVE and RELEASE commands.
Table 150:
PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT (5F)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 5Fh
0
Reserved
1
Service Action
Scope=0
2
Type
3-6
Reserved
7-8
Parameter List Length = 18h
9
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
Note: If a PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT command is received when a RESERVE is active for the drive, the
command will be rejected with Reservation Conflict status.

Parameter List Length must be 18h. If not, Check Condition status will be returned, with sense key of
Illegal Request and additional sense code of Parameter List Length Error.
16.12.1 Service Action Codes
The following Service Action Codes are supported.
Table 151:
Code
PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT, Service Action Codes
Name
Description
00h
Register
Register a reservation key.
01h
Reserve
Create a persistent reservation using a reservation key.
02h
Release
Release a persistent reservation.
03h
Clear
Clear all reservation keys and all persistent reservations.
04h
Preempt
Preempt persistent reservations from another Initiator.
05h
Preempt and Abort
Preempt persistent reservations from another Initiator and
clear the task set for the preempted Initiator.
06h
Register and Ignore existing key
Register a reservation key.
Reserved
Reserved
07h-1Fh
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16.12.2 Type Codes
The Type field specifies the characteristics of the persistent reservation being established for all customer data
sectors. The table below describes the supported types and how read and write commands are handled for each
reservation type.
Table 152:
Code
PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT, Type Codes
Name
Description
0h
Reserved
Reserved
1h
Write Exclusive
Reads Shared: Any initiator may execute commands that
transfer from the media.
Writes Exclusive: Only the initiator with the reservation may
execute commands that transfer data to the media; the
Reservation Conflict status will be returned to other initiators.
2h
Reserved
Reserved
3h
Exclusive Access
Reads Exclusive: Only the initiator with the reservation may
execute commands that transfer data from the media; the
Reservation Conflict status will be returned to other initiators.
Writes Exclusive: Only the initiator with the reservation may
execute commands that transfer data to the media; the
Reservation Conflict status will be returned to other initiators.
4h
Reserved
Reserved
5h
Write Exclusive Registrants Only
Reads Shard: Any initiator may execute commands that
transfer from media.
Writes Exclusive: Only registered initiators may execute
commands that transfer data to the media; the Reservation
Conflict status will be returned to other initiators.
6h
Exclusive Access Registrants Only
Reads Exclusive: Only registered initiators may execute
commands that transfer data from the media; the Reservation
Conflict status will be returned to other initiators.
Writes Exclusive: Only registered initiators may execute
commands that transfer data to the media; the Reservation
Conflict status will be returned to other initiators.
7h-Fh
Reserved
Reserved
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16.12.3 Parameter list
The Parameter List required to perform the PERSISTENT RERSERVE OUT command is defined in the following
table. All fields must be sent on all PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT commands, even if the field is not required for
the specified service action.
Table 153:
Parameter List
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
0-7
Reservation Key
8-15
Service Action Reservation Key
16-19
Reserved
Reserved
20
21-23





SPEC_I_P
ALL_TG_PT
1
0
RSVD
APTPL
Reserved
Reservation Key contains an 8-byte value provided by the initiator, and identifies the initiator that issued
the PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT command. The Reservation Key must match the registered reservation
key for the initiator for all service actions except REGISTER and REGISTER AND IGNORE EXISTING
KEY.
Service Action Reservation Key contents vary based on the service action. For REGISTER and REGISTER
AND IGNORE EXISTING KEY, the Service Action Reservation Key must contain the new reservation
key to be registered. For PREEMPT and PREEMPT AND ABORT, the field contains the reservation key
of the persistent reservation that is being preempted. This field is ignored for all other service actions.
SPEC_I_PT If the Specify Initiator Ports bit is set to zero, the device server shall apply the registration only
to the I_T nexus that sent the PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT command. If the SPEC_I_PT bit is set to one
for any service action except the REGISTER service action, then the command shall be terminated with
CHECK CONDITION status, with the sense key set to ILLEGAL REQUEST, and the additional sense
code set to INVALID FIELD IN PARAMETER LIST. If the SPEC_I_PT bit is set to one for the
REGISTER service action, the additional parameter data (see table XXX) shall include a list of transport
IDs and the device server shall also apply the registration to the I_T nexus for each initiator port specified
by a TransportID. If a registration fails for any initiator port (e.g., if the logical unit does not have enough
resources available to hold the registration information), no registrations shall be made, and the command
shall be terminated with CHECK CONDITION status.
For Transport IDs, please refer to Table 218 on page 389 of Spc4r36.
ALL_TG_PT All Target Ports bit is valid only for the REGISTER service action and the REGISTER AND
IGNORE EXISTING KEY service action, and shall be ignored for all other service actions. Support for the
ALL_TG_PT bit is optional. If the device server receives a REGISTER service action or a REGISTER
AND IGNORE EXISTING KEY service action with the ALL_TG_PT bit set to one, it shall create the
specified registration on all target ports in the SCSI target device known to the device server (i.e., as if the
same registration request had been received individually through each target port). If the device server
receives a REGISTER service action or a REGISTER AND IGNORE EXISTING KEY service action with
the ALL_TG_PT bit set to zero, it shall apply the registration only to the target port through which the
PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT command was received.
APTPL Activate Persist Through Power Loss bit is valid only for REGISTER and REGISTER AND
IGNORE EXISTING KEY, and is ignored for all other service actions. If the last valid APTPL bit value
received is zero, power loss will cause all persistent reservations to be released, and all reservation keys to
be removed. If the last valid APTPL bit value received is one, any persistent reservation and all reservation
keys for all initiators will be retained across power cycles.
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16.12.4 Summary
Table 154:
PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT, Service Action, Parameters
Parameters
Service
Scope
Rsv
SvcAct
S-Spec
Extent
APTPL
Generation
Action
Type
Key
RsvKey
Addr
Length
(0) Register
Ignore
Verify
Save
Ignore
Ignore
Apply
+1
(1) Reserve
Apply
Verify
Ignore
Ignore
Ignore
Apply
---
(2) Release
Apply
Verify
Ignore
Ignore
Ignore
Ignore
---
(5) Preempt and Abort
Apply
Verify
Save
Ignore
Ignore
Ignore
+1
Counter
16.12.4.1 Scope, Type
The Scope and the Type are applied in the process for the Reserve, Release, and Preempted and Clear service action
but are ignored in the process for the Register service action because they are not used.
16.12.4.2 Reservation Key
The Reservation Key is verified in each service action process. If the Initiator that registered a key is different from
the Initiator requesting PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT command, the drive returns a Reservation Conflict status.
16.12.4.3
Service Action Reservation Key
On Register service action, the drive saves the key specified in the Service Action Reservation Key field as a key of
Initiator requesting PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT command. On Preempt and Clear service action, the reservation
that has a key specified in the Service Action Reservation Key field is preempted. On other service actions, this field
is ignored.
16.12.4.4 APTPL
The APTPL (Active Persist Through Power Loss) is valid only for the Register service action. The drive ignores the
APTPL in other service actions. The following table shows the relationship between the last valid APTPL value and
information held by the drive.
Table 155:
APTPL and Drive Information
Last Valid APTPL Value
Information Held by Drive
0
0
Registration
All Keys Set to 0
Retained
Persistent Reservation
All are removed.
Retained
Generation Counter
Set to 0.
Set to 0
16.12.4.5 Generation Counter
The drive increments the Generation counter when Register service action or Preempt and Clear service action
complete successfully.
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16.13 PRE-FETCH (10) - (34)
The PRE-FETCH (10) command requests the drive to transfer data to the cache. This command is implemented as a
no-op and returns good status on the SSD.
Table 156:
PRE-FETCH (10) - (34)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Immed=0
Obsolete
Command Code = 34h
0
Reserved
1
2-5
Logical Block Address
6
Reserved
7-8
Transfer Length
9
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1
16.14 PRE-FETCH (16) - (90)
The PRE-FETCH (16) command requests the drive to transfer data to the cache. This command is implemented as a
no-op and returns good status on the SSD.
Table 157:
PRE-FETCH (16) - (90)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
Reserved
1
2-9
Logical Block Address
10-13
Prefetch Length
15
1
0
IMMED
RSVD
Command Code = 90h
0
14
2
Reserved
Group Number
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1
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16.15 READ (6) - (08)
READ (6) requests the drive to transfer from the medium to the initiator the specified number of blocks (Transfer
Length) starting at the specified Logical Block Address (LBA).
Table 158:
READ (6) - (08)
Bit
Byte
7
6
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 08h
0
Reserved
1


5
Logical Block Address
2-3
Logical Block Address (continued)
4
Transfer Length
5
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
Logical Block Address specifies the logical unit at which the READ operation shall begin.
Transfer Length specifies the number of blocks to be transferred. A value of zero implies 256 blocks are to
be transferred.
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16.16 READ (10) - (28)
READ (10) requests the drive to transfer data to the Initiator. The larger LBA and Transfer Length fields permit
greater quantities of data to be requested per command than with the READ command and are required to access the
full LBA range of the larger capacity drives.
Table 159:
READ (10) - (28)
Bit
Byte
7
6
RDPROTECT
1




4
3
2
1
0
RSVD
FUA_NV
Obsolete
Command Code = 28h
0

5
DPO
FUA
2-5
Logical Block Address
6
Reserved
7-8
Transfer Length
9
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
FUA_NV Force Unit Access Non-Volatile Cache may be set to 0 or 1, but is ignored since NV_SUP=0 in
Inquiry Page 86h.
Transfer length is the number of contiguous blocks to be transferred. If the transfer length is zero, the seek
occurs, but no data is transferred. This condition is not considered an error. If read ahead is enabled, a read
ahead is started after the seek completes.
DPO Disable Page Out bit is ignored.
FUA Force Unit Access bit is ignored.
RDPROTECT defines the manner in which protection information read from drive shall be checked during
processing of the command. Protection information is stored on drive, and may be transmitted to the drive's
internal data buffer and to the initiator with the user data. If the drive is not formatted with protection
information, RDPROTECT must be set to 000b, else Check Condition status will be returned with sense
key of Illegal Request and additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.
o RDPROTECT=000b
Protection information is checked (if applicable), but not transmitted to the initiator.
Logical Block Guard is checked.
Logical Block Application Tag is checked (applies to 32-byte CDBs or when ATO=1).
Logical Block Reference Tag is checked.
Note Protection information is not checked if DPICZ = 1.
o
RDPROTECT=001b
Protection information is transmitted to the initiator with the user data.
Logical Block Guard is checked.
Logical Block Application Tag is checked (applies to 32-byte CDBs or when ATO=1).
Logical Block Reference Tag is checked.
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o
RDPROTECT=010b
Protection information is transmitted to the initiator with the user data.
Logical Block Guard is not checked.
Logical Block Application Tag is checked (applies to 32-byte CDBs or when ATO=1).
Logical Block Reference Tag is checked.
o
RDPROTECT=011b
Protection information is transmitted to the initiator with the user data.
Logical Block Guard is not checked.
Logical Block Application Tag is not checked.
Logical Block Reference Tag is not checked.
o
RDPROTECT=100b
Protection information is transmitted to the initiator with the user data.
Logical Block Guard is checked.
Logical Block Application Tag is not checked.
Logical Block Reference Tag is not checked.
o
RDPROTECT=101b
Protection information is transmitted to the initiator with the user data.
Logical Block Guard is checked.
Logical Block Application Tag is checked (applies to 32-byte CDBs or when ATO=1).
Logical Block Reference Tag is checked.
o
RDPROTECT=110b, 111b
These values are reserved. Check Condition status will be returned with sense key of Illegal
Request and an additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.



If a check of the protection information fails, Check Condition status will be returned with sense key of
Aborted Command and additional sense code indicating which protection field check failed.
Refer to the ANSI T10 standards for additional details of protection information.
If the transfer length is zero, no data is transferred. The CDB is validated and protocol checked and, if no
problems are found, Good status is returned immediately. This condition is not considered an error.
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16.17 READ (12) - (A8)
READ (12) causes the drive to transfer data to the initiator. See the READ (10) description for the definitions of the
fields in this command.
Table 160:
Read (12) - (A8)
Bit
Byte
7
6
4
3
2
1
0
RSVD
FUA_NV
RSVD
Command Code = A8h
0
1
5
RDPROTECT
DPO
FUA
2-5
Logical Block Address
6-9
Transfer Length
10
Reserved
11
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
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16.18 READ (16) - (88)
READ (16) causes the drive to transfer data to the initiator. See the READ (10) description for the definitions of the
fields in this command.
Table 161:
READ (16) - (88)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
3
RDPROTECT
DPO
FUA
2-9
Logical Block Address
10-13
Transfer Length
14
15
2
1
0
RSVD
FUA_NV
RSVD
Command Code = 88h
0
1
4
Restricted
for
MMC-4
Reserved
Group Number
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
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16.19 READ (32) - (7F/09)
READ (32) requests that the drive transfer data from drive to the initiator. Each logical block transferred includes
user data and may include protection information, based on the RDPROTECT field and the drive format.
Table 162:
READ (32) - (7F/09)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
0
Command Code = 7Fh
1
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
2-5
Reserved
Reserved
6
Additional CDB Length = 18h
8-9
Service Action = 0009h
RDPROTECT
DPO
FUA
RSVD
11
Reserved
12-19
Logical Block Address
20-23
Expected Initial Logical Block Reference Tag
24-25
Logical Block Application Tag
26-27
Logical Block Application Tag Mask
28-31
Transfer Length




0
FUA_NV
RSVD
Group Number = 0
7
10
1
If the drive is formatted with type 2 protection (PROT_EN=1 and P_TYPE=001b in the READ
CAPACITY (16) parameter data), then this command will be processed normally. Any other protection
types will result in Check Condition status to be returned with sense key of Illegal Request and additional
sense code of Invalid Command Operation Code
The Expected Initial Logical Block Reference Tag field contains the value of the Logical Block Reference
Tag field expected in the protection information of the first logical block accessed by the command.
If the ATO bit is set to one in Mode Page 0Ah, the Logical Block Application Tag Mask field contains a
value that is a bit mask for enabling the checking of the Logical Block Application Tag field in the
protection information for each logical block accessed by the command. A Logical Block Application Tag
Mask bit set to one enables the checking of the corresponding bit of the Expected Logical Block
Application Tag field with the corresponding bit of the Logical Block Application Tag field in the
protection information.
If the ATO bit is set to zero, the Logical Block Application Tag Mask field and the Expected Logical Block
Application Tag field are ignored.
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16.20 READ BUFFER (3C)
READ BUFFER (3C) is used in with WRITE BUFFER (3B) as a diagnostic function for testing the memory of the
drive and the SCSI bus integrity. This command does not alter the medium.
Table 163:
READ BUFFER (3C)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Command Code = 3Ch
0
Reserved
1
Mode
2
Buffer ID = 0
3-5
Buffer Offset
6-8
Allocation Length
9
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
The function of this command and the meaning of fields within the command descriptor block depend on the
contents of the Mode field.
Mode
Description
00000
Read Combined Header and Data
00010
Read Data
00011
Descriptor
01010
Read Data from Echo Buffer
01011
Echo Buffer Descriptor
11100
Error History
11010
Enable Expander Communications Protocol and Echo Buffer
All others
Not supported.
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0
16.20.1 Combined Header And Data (Mode 00000b)
In this mode a 4-byte header followed by data bytes is returned to the Initiator during the DATA IN phase. The
Buffer ID and the buffer offset field are reserved.
The drive terminates the DATA IN phase when allocation length bytes of header plus data have been transferred or
when the header and all available data have been transferred to the Initiator, whichever is less.
The 4-byte READ BUFFER header (see figure below) is followed by data bytes from the data buffer of the drive.
Table 164:
Read Buffer Header
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
0
Reserved
1-3
Buffer Capacity
3
2
1
The buffer capacity specifies the total number of data bytes that are available in the data buffer of the drive. This
number is not reduced to reflect the allocation length nor is it reduced to reflect the actual number of bytes written
using the WRITE BUFFER command.
Following the READ BUFFER header the drive will transfer data from its data buffer.
16.20.2 Read Data (Mode 00010b)
In this mode, the DATA IN phase contains buffer data.

Buffer ID must be set to zero, indicating the data transfer buffer. If another value is specified, the command
is terminated with Check Condition status. The drive shall set sense key to Illegal Request and additional
sense code to Illegal Field in CDB.

Buffer Offset specifies the offset of the memory space specified by the Buffer ID. The Initiator should
conform to the offset boundary requirements returned in the READ BUFFER descriptor. If the value
exceeds the buffer specified, the command is terminated with Check Condition status. The drive shall set
sense key to Illegal Request and additional sense code to Illegal Field in CDB.

Allocation Length: The drive terminates the DATA IN phase when allocation length bytes of data have
been transferred or when the header and all available data have been transferred to the Initiator, whichever
is less.
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16.20.3 Descriptor (Mode 00011b)
In this mode, a maximum of four bytes of READ BUFFER descriptor information are returned. The drive returns
the descriptor information for the buffer specified by the Buffer ID.

Buffer ID should normally be set to zero, indicating the drive data transfer buffer. If any other value is
specified, the drive returns all zeros in the READ BUFFER descriptor.

Buffer Offset is reserved.

Allocation Length should be set to four or greater. The drive transfers the allocation length or four bytes of
READ BUFFER descriptor, whichever is less. The allocation length of zero indicates no data is transferred.
The allocation length of greater than zero and less than four (size of the Descriptor) is an invalid request
and will cause the command to be terminated with Check Condition status. The drive shall set sense key to
Illegal Request and additional sense code to Illegal Field in CDB.
The READ BUFFER descriptor is defined below.
Table 165:
Read Buffer Descriptor
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
0
Offset Boundary = 0x09
1-3
Buffer Capacity
3
2
1
The value contained in the Buffer Offset field of subsequent WRITE BUFFER and READ BUFFER commands
should be a multiple of two to the power of the offset boundary. The offset boundary is always set to nine, which
indicates Sector Boundaries.
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16.20.4 Read Data from Echo Buffer (Mode 01010b)
In this mode the drive transfers data from the echo buffer. The echo buffer will transfer the same data as when the
WRITE BUFFER command was issued with the mode field set to echo buffer.

WRITE BUFFER command with the mode field set to echo buffer should be sent prior to the READ
BUFFER command; otherwise the READ BUFFER command will be terminated with Check Condition
status and Illegal Request.

In this mode Read Buffer transfers the specified amount of data or the amount previously written with a
Write Buffer using mode 1010b from the echo buffer, whichever is less.

Issuing a Read Buffer mode 1010b before a Write Buffer mode 1010b will cause indeterminate data to be
returned.

The most significant two bytes of the Allocation Length are ignored. The specified amount of data
transferred should not be larger than the echo buffer capacity. The echo buffer capacity may be determined
by using Read Buffer mode 1011b. Any additional data transferred over and above the echo buffer capacity
is regarded as indeterminate.

The Buffer ID and Buffer Offset fields are ignored in this mode.
Note: The echo buffer is a separate buffer from the data buffer used with other read buffer modes. It is intended to
be used for domain validation purposes.
16.20.5 Echo Buffer Descriptor (Mode 01011b)
In this mode, a maximum of four bytes of Read Buffer Descriptor information is returned. The drive returns the
descriptor information for the echo buffer. The Buffer Offset field is reserved in this mode and must be zero. The
drive transfers the lesser of the allocation length or four bytes of following Echo Buffer Descriptor.
Table 166:
Echo Buffer Descriptor
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
2
1
0
EBOS=0
Reserved
1
3
3
Reserved
0
2
4
Reserved
Buffer Capacity
Buffer Capacity

EBOS Echo Buffer Overwritten Supported bit of zero indicates that the echo buffer is shared by all
Initiators.

Buffer Capacity returns the size of the echo buffer in byte aligned to a 4-byte boundary.
16.20.6 Expander Communications and Echo Buffer (Mode 11010b)
Receipt of a READ BUFFER command with this mode (11010b) causes a communicative expander to enter the
expanded communication protocol mode. SCSI target devices that receive a READ BUFFER command with this
mode shall process it as if it were a READ BUFFER command with mode 01010b (see Read Data from Echo Buffer
(Mode 01010b).
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16.20.7 Error History (Mode 11100b)
This mode is used to manage and retrieve error history. If the device server is unable to process a READ BUFFER
command with the Mode field set to 1Ch (11100b) due to a vendor-specific condition, then the device server shall
terminate the command with Check Condition status, with the sense key set to Illegal Request, and the additional
sense code set to Command Sequence Error. The Code that is set in Buffer ID field specifies the action that the
device server shall perform, and the parameter data, if any, that the device server shall return.

Buffer ID must be set to zero, indicating the data transfer buffer. If another value is specified, the command
is terminated with Check Condition status. The drive shall set sense key to Illegal Request and additional
sense code to Illegal Field in CDB.
Buffer Offset specifies the byte offset from the start of the buffer specified by the Buffer ID field from
which the device server shall return data. The application client should conform to the offset boundary
requirements as indicated by the Read Buffer Descriptor. The Buffer Offset must be set to 0000h for Error
History I_T Nexus Constrained.
Allocation Length should be set to four or greater. The drive transfers the allocation length or four bytes of
READ BUFFER descriptor, whichever is less.
Whenever allowed by an established Error History I_T Nexus constraint, if any, all error history device
server actions return an Error History Directory as shown in the table below.



Table 167:
Error History Directory
Bit
Byte
7
0
(MSB)
6
…
5
4
3
2
1
0
T10 Vendor Identification
(LSB)
7
8
Version
9
Reserved
EHS_Retrieved
EHS_Source
CLR_SUP
10
…
Reserved
29
30
31
(MSB)
Directory Length (n-31)
Error History Directory List
32
…
Error History Directory Entry [First]
39
.
.
.
n-7
…
Error History Directory Entry [Last]
n
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(LSB)



T10 Vendor Identification identifies the manufacturer of the logical unit.
Version indicates the version and format of the vendor specific error history.
EHS_Retrieved (Error History Retrieved) indicates whether a clear error history device server action has
been requested for the error history snapshot. The field is set to 00b or 10b if the error history snapshot has
been created:
Code

00b
No information.
01b
The Error History I_T Nexus has requested Buffer ID FEh (i.e., Clear Error History I_T Nexus)
or Buffer ID FFh (i.e., Clear Error History I_T Nexus and Release Snapshot) for the current
error history snapshot.
10b
The Error History I_T Nexus has not requested Buffer ID FEh (i.e., Clear Error History I_T
Nexus) or Buffer ID FFh (i.e., Clear Error History I_T Nexus and Release Snapshot) for the
current error history snapshot.
11b
Reserved
EHS_Source (Error History Source) indicates the source of the error history snapshot:
Code


Description
Description
00b
The error history snapshot was created by the device server and was not created due to
processing a Read Buffer command.
01b
Error history snapshot was created due to processing of the current Read Buffer command.
10b
Error history snapshot was created due to processing of a previous Read Buffer command.
11b
Reserved
CLR_SUP (Clear Support) bit:
o
If the bit is set to one, then the CLR bit is supported in the Write Buffer command download
history mode.
o
If the bit is set to zero, then the CLR bit is not supported.
Directory Length indicates the number of bytes that follow in the error history directory list. The value
shall not change even if the allocation length is not sufficient to transfer the entire error history directory
list.
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
The Error History Directory List contains an Error History Directory Entry for each supported Buffer ID in
the range of 00h to EFh. The first entry shall be for Buffer ID 00h and the subsequent entries in order of
ascending Buffer IDs greater than or equal to F0h.
Table 168:
Error History Directory Entry
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Supported Buffer ID
1
…
Reserved
3
4
…
(MSB)
Maximum Available Length
7


(LSB)
Supported Buffer ID indicates the error history Buffer ID associated with this entry.
Maximum Available Length indicates the maximum number of data bytes contained in the buffer as
indicated by the Supported Buffer ID field. The actual number of bytes available for transfer may be
smaller.
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16.21 READ CAPACITY (10) - (25)
READ CAPACITY (10) returns information regarding the capacity of the drive.
Table 169:
READ CAPACITY (10) - (25)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
0
Command Code = 25h
1
Reserved
2-5
Reserved
6-7
Reserved
8
Reserved
9
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
1
0
16.21.1 Returned Data Format
The data returned to the Initiator in response to the READ CAPACITY command is described below. The data is
returned in the DATA IN phase. The Block Length specifies the length in bytes of each block of user data (not
including protection information).
Table 170:
Format of READ CAPACITY Command Reply
Bit
Byte
6
7
5
4
3
0-3
Maximum Logical Block Address
4-7
Block Length
2
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1
0
16.22 READ CAPACITY (16) (9E/10)
READ CAPACITY (16) (9E/10) returns information regarding the capacity of the drive. This command is processed
like the standard READ CAPACITY (25) command. The contents of the CONTROL byte are defined in SAM-4.
Table 171:
Read Capacity (16) (9E/10)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 9Eh
0
Reserved
1
Service Action = 10h
2-9
Reserved
10-13
Allocation Length
14
Reserved
15
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1
16.22.1 Returned Data Format
Table 172:
Returned Data Format
Bit
Byte
6
7
5
4
3
2
0-7
Returned Logical Block Address
8-11
Logical Block Length in Bytes
12
Reserved
13
P_I_Exponent
LBPME=1
14
LBPRZ=1
1
P_Type
0
Prot_En
Logical Block Per Physical Block Exponent
Lowest Aligned Logical Block Address
15
Lowest Aligned Logical Block Address
16-31
Reserved

Returned Logical Block Address and Logical Block Length In Bytes field of the READ CAPACITY (16)
parameter data are the same as the in the READ CAPACITY (10) parameter data. The maximum value that
shall be returned in Returned Logical Block Address is FFFF_FFFF_FFFF_FFFEh.

P_Type Protection Type and Prot_En Protection Enable indicate the logical unit’s current type of
protection. See the following table.
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Table 173:
P_TYPE Field and PROT_EN Bit
PROT_EN
P_TYPE
0
xxxb
The logical unit is formatted to type 0 protection.
1
000b
The logical unit is formatted to type 1 protection.
1
001b
The logical unit is formatted to type 2 protection.
1
010b
The logical unit is formatted to type 3 protection.
1
011b to 111b


Description
Reserved
P_I_Exponent may be used to determine the number of protection information intervals placed within each
logical block.
The number of protection information intervals is calculated as follows:
number of protection information intervals = 2*(p_iexponent)
where:
p_i exponent is the contents of the P_I EXPONENT field
Logical Block Per Physical Block Exponent is defined below:
Table 174:
LOGICAL BLOCKS PER PHYSICAL BLOCK EXPONENT Field
Code
0
n>0
1
Description
One or more physical blocks per logical block.(a)
2n Logical Blocks per Physical Block
The logical unit is formatted to Type 2 Protection.
(a) The number of physical blocks per logical block is not reported.

LBPME Logical Block Provisioning Management Enabled is set to 1. The drive implements logical block
provisioning management.

LBPRZ Logical Block Provisioning Read Zeros is set to 1. For an unmapped LBA specified by a read
operation, the drive sends user data with all bits set to zero in the Data-In Buffer. If protection information
is also transferred on the read operation, it will be all 0xFFs.

Lowest Aligned Logical Block Address indicates the LBA of the first logical block that is located at the
beginning of a physical block.
Note: The highest LBA that the lowest aligned logical block address field supports is 3FFFh (i.e., 16,383).
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16.23 READ DEFECT DATA (37)
READ DEFECT DATA (37h) requests that the Target transfer the medium defect data to the Initiator. See READ
DEFECT DATA (B7).
Table 175:
READ DEFECT DATA (37)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0
Command Code = 37h
1
Reserved
Reserved
2
Plist
2
1
0
0
Glist
3-6
Reserved
7-8
Allocation Length
9
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
Defect List Format
If the Target is unable to access any medium defect data it will return a Check Condition status with the appropriate
sense key. The sense key will be set to either Medium Error (03h) if a medium error occurred or No Sense (00h) if
the list does not exist and the additional sense code will be set to Defect List Error (19h).

Plist bit set to 1 indicates that the Target returns the Plist. A Plist bit of 0 indicates that the Target shall not
return the Plist of defects.

Glist bit set to 1 indicates that the Target returns the Glist. A Glist bit of 0 indicates that the Target shall not
return the Glist.
Note: With both bits set to one Plist and Glist the Target will return both the primary and grown defect lists.
With both bits set to zero, the Target will return only a 4-byte Defect List Header.

Defect List format of '110 (Vendor Unique Format)' is supported. If the requested format is not supported
by the drive, it will return the defect list in its default format '110' and then terminate the command with
Check Condition status. The sense key will be set to Recovered Error (01h) and the additional sense code
will be set to Defect List Not Found (1Ch).
The Target will transfer all of the Read Defect Data up to the number of bytes allocated by the Initiator.
Note: The drive will terminate the Data-In phase when the Allocation Length has been transferred or when all
available Defect Data has been transferred to the Initiator, whichever is less.
The Read Defect Data contains a 4-byte header followed by zero or more defect descriptors.
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16.23.1 Defect List Header
Table 176:
Defect List Header
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Byte
Defect List Header
Reserved
0
Reserve
1
Plist
Glist
Defect List Format
Defect List length
2-3
16.23.2 Defect List Descriptor
Table 177:
Defect List Descriptor
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Defect List Descriptor
0-7
Defect Descriptor 0
...
8n (8n+7)
Defect Descriptor n

Defect List Format specifies the format of the defect list data returned by the Target.

Defect List Length specifies the length in bytes of the defect descriptors that follow. The Defect List
Length is equal to eight times the number of defect descriptors.
Normally the Target will set the Defect List Length field to the amount of space needed to contain the entire defect
list. However, the Target is capable of building a defect list with a length such that the entire list cannot be
transferred using the maximum allocation length. If the defect list grows beyond 8191 entries, the defect data cannot
be transferred with an allocation length of 0FFFFh. The Target will transfer a partial defect list and return Check
Condition status with the sense key set to Recovered Error and the additional sense code set to Partial Defect List
Transferred. The defect list length will be set to 0FFF8h, indicating the maximum number of defect descriptors that
can be transferred. Defects beyond this number cannot be read by the Initiator.
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16.24 READ DEFECT DATA (B7)
See READ DEFECT DATA (37).
Table 178:
READ DEFECT DATA (B7)
Bit
Byte
7
6
4
3
2
1
Command Code = B7h
0
1
5
Reserved
Plist
Glist
2-5
Reserved
6-9
Allocation Length
10
Reserved
11
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
Defect List Format
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0
16.24.1 Defect List Header
Table 179:
Defect List Header
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Defect List Header
Reserved
0
Reserved
1
Plist
Glist
2-3
Reserved
4-7
Defect List Length
Defect List Format
See Defect List Header for Read Defect Data (37) in Section Table Defect List Header.
16.24.2 Defect List Descriptor
Table 180:
Defect List Descriptor
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
Defect List Descriptor
0-7
Defect Descriptor 0
...
8n - (8n+7)
Defect Descriptor n
See Defect List Descriptor for Read Defect Data (37) in Section Defect List Descriptor.
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1
0
16.25 READ LONG (3E) - 10-Byte CDB
READ LONG (3E) requests the drive to transfer one block of data to the Initiator. The transfer data includes data
and ECC field data.
Table 181:
READ LONG (3E) -10-Byte CDB
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
0



2
1
0
PBLOCK
Correct = 0
Obsolete
Command Code = 3Eh
1

3
Reserved
2-5
Logical Block Address
6
Reserved
7-8
Byte Transfer Length
9
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
Correct bit is ignored. ECC correction is always performed. If ECC correction fails, the Target terminates
the command with Check Condition status, the sense key is set to Medium Error, and an additional sense
code set to Unrecovered Read Error.
Logical Block Address specifies the logical block at which the read operation shall occur.
Byte Transfer Length must specify exactly the number of bytes of data that are available for transfer. If a
non-zero byte transfer length does not match the available data length, the Target terminates the command
with Check Condition status, the sense key is set to Illegal Request, and an additional sense code set to
Invalid Field in CDB. The valid and ILI bits are set to one and the information field is set to the difference
of the requested length minus the actual length in bytes. Negative values are indicated by two's complement
notation.
PBLOCK is supported by the drive f there is more than one logical block per physical block (i.e. the
LOGICAL BLOCKS PER PHYSICAL BLOCK EXPONENT field in the READ CAPACITY (16)
parameter data is set to a non-zero value). If the PBLOCK bit is 0, the drive will return bytes representing
only the specified logical block. If the PBLOCK bit is 1, the drive will return the entire physical block
containing the specified logical block.
The Transfer Length is calculated as follows:
Transfer Length = Logical Block Size + Protection Information Size + CRC size (PBLOCK=0)
Transfer Length = (8* Logical Block Size) + (8* Protection Information Size) + (8* CRC Size) (PBLOCK=1)
Where protection information size is either 0 (Protection Mode 0) or 8 (Protection Mode 1 or 2) and CRC Size is 4.
Note: The data read by this command is neither read from nor retained in the cache.
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16.26 READ LONG (16) - (9E/11) 16-Byte CDB
Please refer to the 10-byte CDB for READ LONG (3E).
Table 182:
READ LONG (16) - (9E/11) 16-Byte CDB
Bit
Byte
7
6
4
3
2
Reserved
Logical Block Address
10-11
Reserved
12-13
Byte Transfer Length
15
0
Service Action (11h)
2-9
14
1
Operation Code (9Eh)
0
1
5
Reserved
PBLOCK
Control
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CORRCT
16.27 REASSIGN BLOCKS (07)
REASSIGN BLOCKS (07) is implemented as a no-op on the SSD. To maintain compatibility, the SSD performs
protocol checking on the CDB and a range check of the LBA(s) transferred to the drive during the DATA OUT
phase.
Table 183:
REASSIGN BLOCKS (07)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
0
Command Code = 07h
1
Reserved
2-4
Reserved
5
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
1
0
Note: The REASSIGN BLOCKS command will not modify the specified LBAs or attempt to recover or reallocate
them. An unreadable LBA will remain unreadable after execution of a REASSIGN BLOCKS command.
Following is the format of the data sent by the Initiator during the DATA OUT phase.
Table 184:
Format of Reassign Blocks data
Bit
Byte


7
6
5
4
3
0
Reserved
1
Reserved
2-3
Defect List Length = 4/8/12/16
4-7
Defect Logical Block Address 1
8-11
Defect Logical Block Address 2
12-15
Defect Logical Block Address 3
16-19
Defect Logical Block Address 4
2
1
Defect List Length must be 4, 8, 12, or 16. Otherwise, the drive returns Check Condition with a sense key
of Illegal Request.
Defective Logical Block Address is four bytes in length. The Initiator can specify from 1 to 4 Defective
Logical Block Addresses according to the Defect List Length from 4 to 16, respectively. LBAs are not
required to be in ascending order. If the Defective Logical Block Address is greater than the maximum
LBA of the drive, the command will be terminated with Check Condition with a sense key of Illegal
Request.
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16.28 RECEIVE DIAGNOSTICS RESULTS (1C)
RECEIVE DIAGNOSTIC RESULTS (1C) requests that analysis data requested by a SEND DIAGNOSTIC
command be sent to the Initiator.
Table 185:
RECEIVE DIAGNOSTICS RESULTS (1C)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0
Command Code = 1Ch
1
Reserved
2
0
PCV
2
Page Code
3-4
Allocation Length
5
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.

1
PCV Page Code Valid bit of 0 indicates that the most recent SEND DIAGNOSTIC command shall define
the data returned by this command. PCV bit of one indicates that the contents of the Page Code field shall
define the data returned by this command.
Allocation Length specifies the amount of data to be returned to the Initiator. This value may be zero and
this is not considered an error. The Target terminates the Data-In phase when all available data has been
transferred or when the number of bytes transferred equals the Parameter List Length.

16.28.1 Receive Diagnostic Results Page 0
This page contains a list of supported pages. The supported diagnostic page returns a list of supported pages in
ascending order.
Table 186:
Receive Diagnostic Results Page 0
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0
Page Code = 0
1
Reserved
2-3
2
Page Length = 03h
4
(Supported Pages) Page = 0h
5
CJTPAT page = 3Fh
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1
0
16.29 RELEASE (17)
RELEASE (17) is used to release a LUN that was previously reserved. It is not an error for an Initiator to release a
LUN that is not currently active. The drive returns Good status without altering the reservation.
Table 187:
RELEASE (17)
Bit
Byte
7
6
Reserved
1



4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 17h
0

5
3rdPty=0
3rd Party ID
2
Reservation Identification
3-4
Reserved
5
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
Ext=0
3rdPty must be 0. Third Party reservations are not supported. If the 3rdPty bit is not zero, Check Condition
status is returned with a sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.
3rd Party ID is ignored.
Ext Extents must be 0. Extension is not supported by the drive.
Reservation Identification field is ignored.
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16.30 RELEASE (57)
RELEASE (57) is used to release a LUN that was previously reserved. It is not an error for an Initiator to release a
LUN that is not currently active. The drive returns Good status without altering the reservation.
Table 188:
RELEASE (57)
Bit
Byte
7
6
Reserved
1



4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 57h
0

5
3rdPty=0
Reserved
2
Reservation Identification
3
3rd Party Device ID
4-8
Reserved
9
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1
Ext = 0
3rdPty must be 0. Third Party reservations are not supported. If the 3rdPty bit is not zero, Check Condition
status is returned with a sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.
3rd Party ID is ignored.
Ext Extent must be 0. Extension is not supported by the drive.
Reservation Identification field is ignored.
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16.31 REPORT DEVICE IDENTIFIER (A3/05)
REPORT DEVICE IDENTIFIER (A3/05) requests that the device server send device identification information to
the application client.
Table 189:
REPORT DEVICE IDENTIFIER (A3/05)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
Reserved
1
2
1
0
Service Action = 05h
2
Reserved
3
Reserved
4-5
LUN=0
6-9
Allocation Length
10
Reserved
11

3
Command Code = A3h
0

4
Vendor specific
Reserved
NACA
Obsolete
LUN Logical Unit number is expected to be 0. Other value for this parameter will cause the command to
terminate with a CHECK CONDITION status. The sense key is set to ILLEGAL REQUEST, and the
additional sense code is set to INVALID FIELD IN CDB.
Allocation Length indicates how much space has been reserved for the returned parameter data. If the
length is not sufficient to contain all the parameter data, the first portion of the data is returned. This is not
considered an error. The actual length of the parameter data is available in the IDENTIFIER LENGTH
field in the parameter data. If the remainder of the parameter data is required, the application client should
send a new REPORT DEVICE IDENTIFIER command with an ALLOCATION LENGTH field large
enough to contain all the data.
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The REPORT DEVICE IDENTIFIER parameter list contains a 4-byte field that contains the length in bytes of the
parameter list and the logical unit's identifier.
Table 190:
Report Device Identifier Parameter List
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0-3
Identifier Length = n – 3
4-n
Identifier




2
1
0
Identifier Length specifies the length in bytes of the IDENTIFIER field. If the ALLOCATION LENGTH
field in the CDB is too small to transfer all of the identifier, the length is not adjusted to reflect the
truncation. The identifier length initially equals zero and is changed only by a successful SET DEVICE
IDENTIFIER command.
Identifier contains a vendor specific value. The value reported is the last value written by a successful SET
DEVICE IDENTIFIER command. The value of the identifier is changed only by a SET DEVICE
IDENTIFIER command. The identifier value persist through resets, power cycles, media format operations.
The Target will return the same Identifier to all Initiators on all ports.
The execution of a REPORT DEVICE IDENTIFIER requires the enabling of a nonvolatile memory within
the logical unit. If the nonvolatile memory is not ready, the device server returns Check Condition status
rather than wait for the device to become ready. The sense key is set to Not Ready and the additional sense
data is set as described in the TEST UNIT READY command. This information should allow the
application client to determine the action required to cause the device server to become ready.
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16.32 REPORT LUNS (A0)
REPORT LUNS (A0) requests that the Target return the known LUN to the Initiator. The REPORT LUNS
command should always be available and is unaffected by any reservations.
Table 191:
REPORT LUNS (A0)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0
Command Code = A0h
1-5
Reserved
6-9
Allocation Length
10
Reserved
11
Vendor specific
Reserved
2
1
NACA
0
Obsolete

Allocation Length must be at least 16 bytes. If the Allocation Length is less than 16 bytes, the Target will
return a Check Condition status with sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense code of Invalid Field
in CDB.
 If the Allocation Length is not sufficient to contain the LUN values for all configured logical units, the
Target shall report as many LUN values as will fit in the specified Allocation Length. This is not
considered an error.
The REPORT LUNS command will send the LUN list in the subsequent Data-Out Phase. The format of the LUN
list is shown in the following table. LUN List Length shall contain the length in bytes of the LUN list that is
available to be transferred. This product only supports one LUN; therefore, the LUN list length must be set to 8. The
only supported LUN is zero.
Table 192:
LUN Reporting Parameter List Format
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0-3
LUN List Length = 8
4-7
Reserved
8-15
LUN = 0
2
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1
0
16.33 REPORT SUPPORTED OPERATION CODES (A3/0C)
REPORT SUPPORTED OPERATION CODES (A3/0C) requests information on commands that the drive supports.
The initiator may request a list of all operation codes and service actions supported, or the command support data for
a specific command.
Table 193:
REPORT SUPPORTED OPERATION CODES (A3/0C)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
Reserved
1
RCTD
2

3
2
1
0
Command Code = A3h
0

4
Service Action = 0Ch
Reserved
Reporting Options
3
Requested Operation Code
4-5
Requested Service Action
6-9
Allocation Length
10
Reserved
11
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
RCTD Return Command Timeouts Descriptor set to one specifies that the command timeouts descriptor
shall be included in each command descriptor (see section all_commands Parameter Data Format) that is
returned or in the one_command parameter data (see section one_command Parameter Data Format) that
is returned.
A RCTD bit set to zero specifies that the command timeouts descriptor shall not be included in any
parameter data returned.
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Reporting Options specifies the information to be returned in the parameter data.
Table 194:
Reporting Options
Reporting Option
000b
A list of all operation codes and service actions supported by the drive will be
returned in the all_commands parameter data format. The Requested Operation Code
field and Requested Service Action field will be ignored.
001b
The command support data for the operation code specified in the Requested
Operation Code field will be returned in the one_command parameter data format.
The Requested Service Action field will be ignored. If the Requested Operation Code
field specifies an operation code that has service actions, Check Condition status will
be reported with a sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense code of Invalid
Field in CDB.
010b
The command support data for the operation code and service action specified in the
Requested Operation Code field and Requested Service Action field will be returned
in the one_command parameter data format. If the Requested Operation Code field
specifies an operation code that does not have service actions, Check Condition status
will be reported with a sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense code of
Invalid Field in CDB.
011b-111b



Description
Reserved
Requested Operation Code specifies the operation code of the command to be returned in the
one_command parameter data format.
Requested Service Action specifies the service action of the command to be returned in the one_command
parameter data format.
Allocation Length specifies the number of bytes that have been allocated for the returned parameter data. If
the length is not sufficient to contain all the parameter data, the first portion of the data shall be returned.
The actual length of the parameter data may be determined from the Additional Length field in the
parameter data.
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16.33.1 all_commands Parameter Data Format
The Report Supported Operation Codes all_command parameter data format begins with a four-byte header that
contains the length in bytes of the parameter data, followed by a list of supported commands. Each command
descriptor contains information about a single supported command CDB (i.e. one operation code and service action
combination, or one non-service action operation code).
Table 195:
all_commands Parameter Data Format
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0-3
Command Data Length (n-3)
4
Command Descriptor 0
N
Command Descriptor X
2
1
0
Each Command Descriptor contains information about a single supported command CDB.
Table 196:
Command Descriptor Format
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0
Operation Code
1
Reserved
2-3
Service Action
4
Reserved
2
Reserved
5
1
0
CTDP
Servactv
6-7
CDB Length
8-19
Command Timeouts Descriptor, if any (see Command Timeouts Descriptor Format)





Operation Code contains the operation code of a supported command.
Service Action contains a supported service action of the supported operation. If the operation code does
not have a service action, the Service Action field will be set to zero.
CTDP Command Timeouts Descriptor Present bit set to 1 indicates that the command timeouts descriptor
(See Command Timeouts Descriptor Format) is included in this command descriptor. A CTDP bit set to 0
indicates that the command timeouts descriptor is not included in this command descriptor.
Servactv set to 0 indicates the operation code does not have service actions and the Service Action field
should be ignored. SERVACTV set to 1 indicates the operation code field has service actions and the
contents of the Service Action field are valid.
CDB Length contains the length of the command CDB in bytes.
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16.33.2 one_command Parameter Data Format
The Report Supported Operation Codes one_command parameter data format contains information about the CDB
and a usage map for bits in the CDB for the command specified by the Reporting Options, Requested Operation
Code, and Requested Service Action fields in the Reported Supported Operation Codes CDB.
Table 197:
one_command Parameter Data Format
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
CTDP
1
Reserved
Support
2-3
CDB Size (n-3)
4-n
CDB Usage Data
n+1 –
n+12
Command Timeouts Descriptor, if any (see 16.33.3)

0
Reserved
0

1
CTDP Command Timeouts Descriptor Present bit set to 1 indicates that the command timeouts descriptor is
included in this command descriptor (see 16.33.3). A CTDP bit set to 0 indicates that the command
timeouts descriptor is not included in this command descriptor.
Support is defined in Table 196.
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Table 198:
one_command Parameter Support Field
Recording Option
000b
Data about the requested command is not currently available. All data after byte 1 is not valid.
A subsequent request for command support data may be successful.
001b
The requested command is not supported. All data after byte 1 is not valid.
010b
Reserved
011b
The requested command is supported in conformance with the standard.
100b
Reserved
101b
The requested command is supported in a vendor specific manner.
110b-111b


Description
Reserved
CDB Size contains the size of the CDB Usage Data field in the parameter data, and the number of bytes in
the CDB for the command requested.
CDB Usage Data contains information about the CDB for the command requested. The first byte of the
CDB Usage Data field contains the operation code for the command. If the command contains a service
action, then that service action code is returned in the same location as the Service Action field of the
command CDB. All other bytes of the CDB Usage Data field contain a usage map for bits in the CDB for
the command requested. The bits in the usage map have a one-for-one correspondence to the CDB for the
command requested. If the drive evaluates a bit in the CDB, the usage map will contain a one in the
corresponding bit position. The usage map will contain a zero in the corresponding bit position for any field
treated as ignored or reserved.
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16.33.3 Command Timeouts Descriptor Format
16.33.3.1 Overview
The command timeouts descriptor (See Table 199: ) returns timeout information for commands supported by the
logical unit based on the time from the start of processing for the command to its reported completion. Values
returned in the command timeouts descriptor do not include times that are outside the control of the device server
(e.g., prior commands with the IMMED bit set to one in the CDB, concurrent commands from the same or different
I_T nexuses, manual unloads, power-on self tests, prior aborted commands, commands that force cache
synchronization, delays in the service delivery subsystem).
For commands that cause a change in power condition (Idle/Standby Powersave Modes), values returned in the
command timeouts descriptor do not include the power condition transition time (e.g., the time to spin-up rotating
media).
Values returned in the command timeouts descriptor should not be used to compare products.
Table 199:
Command Timeouts Descriptor Format
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
0-1
Descriptor Length (0Ah)
2
Reserved
3
Command Specific
4-7
Nominal Command Processing Timeout
8-11
Recommended Command Timeout



1
0
Descriptor Length indicates the number of bytes that follow in the command timeouts descriptor.
Command Specific contains timeout information (see Table 200:) that is specific to one or more
commands.
If no command specific timeout information is defined by this or the applicable command standard, the
COMMAND SPECIFIC field is reserved.
Table 200:
Command Timeouts Descriptor Command Specific Field Usage
Command
Reference
WRITE BUFFER
See Section 0
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16.33.3.2 WRITE BUFFER: Command Timeouts Descriptor COMMAND SPECIFIC
Field Usage
For the WRITE BUFFER command, the COMMAND SPECIFIC field usage is reserved for all modes except the
following:

Download microcode mode (04h);

Download microcode and save mode (05h);

Download microcode with offsets and save mode (07h);

Download microcode with offsets and defer activation mode (0Eh) only if the microcode is activated by an
event other than an activate deferred microcode mode; and

Activate deferred microcode mode (0Fh).
If the command timeouts descriptor describes one of the WRITE BUFFER modes listed in this sub clause, then the
COMMAND SPECIFIC field indicates the maximum time, in one second increments, that access to the SCSI device
is limited or not possible through any SCSI ports associated with a logical unit that processes a WRITE BUFFER
command that specifies one of the named modes. A value of zero in the COMMAND SPECIFIC field indicates that
the no maximum time is indicated.
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16.34 REPORT SUPPORTED TASK MANAGEMENT
FUNCTIONS (A3/0D)
REPORT SUPPORTED TASK MANAGEMENT FUNCTIONS (A3/0D) requests information on task management
functions supported by the drive.
Table 201:
REPORT SUPPORTED TASK MANAGEMENT FUNCTIONS (A3/0D)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
0
Command Code = A3h
0
Reserved
1
Service Action = 0Dh
2-5
Reserved
6-9
Allocation Length
10
Reserved
11
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.

1
Allocation Length specifies the number of bytes that have been allocated for the returned parameter data.
The allocation length must be at least four. If the allocation length is less than four, Check Condition Status
will be returned with sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.
The format of the returned parameter data is shown below.
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
0
ATS
ATSS
CACAS
CTSS
LURS
QTS
TRS
WAKES
QUAS
QTSS
ITNRS
1





Reserved
2
Reserved
3
Reserved
ATS Abort Task bit set to 1 indicates that ABORT TASK is supported. An ATS bit of 0 indicates that
ABORT TASK is not supported.
ATSS Abort Task Set bit set to 1 indicates that ABORT TASK SET is supported. An ATSS bit of 0
indicates that ABORT TASK SET is not supported.
CACAS Clear ACA bit set to 1 indicates that CLEAR ACA is supported. A CACAS bit of 0 indicates that
CLEAR ACA is not supported.
CTSS Clear Task Set bit set to 1 indicates that CLEAR TASK SET is supported. A CTSS bit of 0 indicates
that CLEAR TASK SET is not supported.
LURS Logical Unit Reset bit set to 1 indicates that LOGICAL UNIT RESET is supported. An LUR bit of 0
indicates that LOGICAL UNIT RESET is not supported.
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





QTS Query Task bit set to 1 indicates that QUERY TASK is supported. A QTS bit of 0 indicates that
QUERY TASK is not supported.
TRS Target Reset bit set to 1 indicates that TARGET RESET is supported. A TRS bit of 0 indicates that
TARGET RESET is not supported.
WAKES Wakeup bit set to 1 indicates that WAKEUP is supported. A WAKES bit of0 indicates that
WAKEUP is not supported.
QUAS Query Unit Attention Supported bit set to 1 indicates the QUERY UNIT ATTENTION task
management function (see SAM-4) is supported by the logical unit. A QUAS bit set to 0 indicates the
QUERY UNIT ATTENTION task management function is not supported.
QTSS Query Task Set Supported bit set to 1 indicates the QUERY TASK SET task management function
(see SAM-4) is supported by the logical unit. A QTSS bit set to 0 indicates the QUERY TASK SET task
management function is not supported.
ITNRSA I_T Nexus Reset Supported bit set to 1 indicates the I_T NEXUS RESET task management
function (see SAM-4) is supported by the logical unit. An ITNRS bit set to 0 indicates the I_T NEXUS
RESET task management function is not supported.
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16.35 REQUEST SENSE (03)
REQUEST SENSE (03) will request that the drive transfer sense data.
Table 202:
REQUEST SENSE (03)
Bit
Byte




7
6
5
4
3
2
0
Command Code = 03h
1
Reserved
2-3
Reserved
4
Allocation Length
5
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
1
0
If a REQUEST SENSE command with an invalid LUN is received, the drive returns Good status and
reports a sense key of Illegal Request and an additional sense code of Logical Unit Not Supported.
If the drive has no sense data available to return, it shall return a sense key of No Sense and an additional
sense code of No Additional Sense Information.
Separate sense data is maintained by the device for each Initiator. Therefore, there is no requirement for an
Initiator to expeditiously clear a Check Condition as this will not affect other initiators in a multi-Initiator
system.
The drive will return the number of bytes in the allocation length or 32 bytes, whichever is less.
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16.36 RESERVE (16)
RESERVE (16) is used to reserve a LUN for an Initiator. This reservation can be either for the Initiator sending the
command or for a third party as specified by the Initiator.
Table 203:
RESERVE (16)
Bit
Byte
7
6
Reserved
1





4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 16h
0

5
3rdPty=0
3rd Party ID
2
Reservation Identification
3-4
Extent List Length = 0
5
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
Ext=0
Extents are not supported by the drive. The Ext bit must be zero. If Ext bit is set to one, Check Condition
status is returned with a sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.
The Reservation Identification and Extent List Length fields are ignored.
The Reserve command requests that the entire LUN be reserved for the Initiator until:
o The reservation is superseded by another valid Reserve command from the Initiator that made the
reservation.
o The reservation is released by a RELEASE command from the same Initiator.
o A hard Reset condition occurs.
o A Target Reset message is received from any Initiator.
o A power off/on cycle occurs.
3rdPty must be 0. Third Party reservations are not supported. If the 3rdPty bit is not 0, Check Condition
status is returned with a sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.
3rd Party ID is ignored.
Only the Initiator that issued the Reserve command for a LUN may release the LUN, regardless of the
3rdPty option. This Initiator may also release the LUN by issuing another RESERVE command. This
superseding RESERVE command releases the previous reservation when the new reservation is granted.
Reservation queuing is not supported by the drive. If a LUN is reserved and a RESERVE command is
issued from a different Initiator, the Target responds with a RESERVATION CONFLICT.
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16.37 RESERVE (56)
RESERVE (56) is used to reserve a LUN for an Initiator. This reservation can be either for the Initiator sending the
command or for a third party as specified by the Initiator.
Table 204:
RESERVE (56)
Bit
Byte
7
6
Reserved
1



4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 56h
0

5
3rdPty=0
Reserved
2
Reservation Identification
3
Third Party Device ID
4-6
Reserved
7-8
Extent List Length = 0
9
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
Ext=0
Extents are not supported by the drive. The Ext bit must be zero. If Ext bit is set to one, Check Condition
status is returned with a sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.
The Reservation Identification and Extent List Length fields are ignored.
The Reserve command requests that the entire LUN be reserved for the Initiator until:
o The reservation is superseded by another valid Reserve command from the Initiator that made the
reservation.
o The reservation is released by a RELEASE command from the same Initiator.
o A hard Reset condition occurs.
o A Target Reset message is received from any Initiator.
o A power off/on cycle occurs.
o 3rdPty must be 0. Third Party reservations are not supported. If the 3rdPty bit is not 0, Check
Condition status is returned with a sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense code of
Invalid Field in CDB.
o 3rd Party Device ID is ignored.
Only the Initiator that issued the Reserve command for a LUN may release the LUN, regardless of the
3rdPty option. This Initiator may also release the LUN by issuing another RESERVE command. This
superseding RESERVE command releases the previous reservation when the new reservation is granted.
Reservation queuing is not supported by the drive. If a LUN is reserved and a RESERVE command is
issued from a different Initiator, the Target responds with a RESERVATION CONFLICT.
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16.38 REZERO UNIT (01)
REZERO UNIT (01) command is implemented as a no-op for the SSD.
Table 205:
REZERO UNIT (01)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
0
Command Code = 01h
1
Reserved
2-4
Reserved
5
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
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1
0
16.39 SANITIZE (48)
SANITIZE (48h) will request that the device server perform a sanitize operation on the target device.
Table 206:
SANITIZE (48)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
Immed
1



2
1
0
Command Code = 48h
0

3
RSVD
AUSE
Service Action
2-6
Reserved
7-8
Parameter List Length = 0
9
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
Immed bit is to specify:
o 0 status is to be returned at the end of the operation.
o 1 Good status shall always be returned immediately after command has been received.
The TEST UNIT READY command may be used to determine when the drive becomes ready.
AUSE bit can be set to 1 to allow EXIT FAILURE MODE service action on a subsequent SANITIZE. If
AUSE is set to 0, and the sanitize fails, a subsequent SANITIZE with EXIT FAILURE MODE will be
rejected.
Parameter List Length must be 0. If not, the drive returns a Check Condition status. The sense key is set to
Illegal Request and the additional sense data is set to Invalid Field in CDB.
16.39.1 Sanitize (48) Service Action Codes
The following service action codes are implemented. If a reserved service action code is specified, the drive returns
a Check Condition status. The sense key is set to Illegal Request and the additional sense data is set to Invalid Field
in CDB.
Table 207:
SANITIZE Service Action Codes
Code
Name
Descriptions
00-01h
Reserved
Returns Check Condition.
02h
Block Erase
Places all blocks on the NAND allocated to user data/information in the
erased state.
03h
Cryptographic Erase
Alters the drive internal encryption key to make user data/information
unreadable.
Reserved
Returns Check Condition.
Exit Failure Mode
If a prior Sanitize operation was issued with AUSE = 1 and it failed, this
will take the drive out of degraded mode, Sanitize Failed state. The
condition of the NAND blocks is not guaranteed in this case.
04h-1Eh
1Fh
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16.40 SECURITY PROTOCOL IN (A2)
SECURITY PROTOCOL IN (A2) will request the device server to return security protocol information
or the results of one or more SECURITY PROTOCOL OUT (B5) commands.
Table 208:
SECURITY PROTOCOL IN (A2)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0
Operation Code = A2h
1
Security Protocol
2
1
0
2
Security Protocol Specific
3
4
Reserved
INC_512
Reserved
5
6
(MSB)
Allocation Length
...
(LSB)
9
10
Reserved
11
Control

The code (01h to 06h) generated for the Security Protocol field is defined by the TCG
Specification.

The contents of the Security Protocol Specific field are defined by the protocol specified by the
Security Protocol field.

A INC_512 (512 Increment) bit set to one (1) specifies that the Allocation Length field will
express the maximum number of bytes available to receive data in 512-byte increments (e.g., a
value of one (1) equals 512 bytes, a value of two (2) equals 1,024 bytes, etc.). Pad Bytes may or
may not be appended to meet this length. Pad Bytes shall have a value of 00h.

A INC_512 (512 Increment) bit set to zero specifies that the Allocation Length field expresses the
maximum number of bytes available to receive data in increments of one (1) byte.

The Control byte is defined in SAM-5.

Indications of data overrun or underrun and the mechanism, if any, for processing retries are
defined by the protocol specified by the Security Protocol field.
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
Any association between a previous SECURITY PROTOCOL OUT command and the data
transferred by a SECURITY PROTOCOL IN command depends on the protocol specified by the
Security Protocol field. If the device server has no data to transfer (e.g., the results for any
previous SECURITY PROTOCOL OUT commands are not yet available), the device server may
transfer data indicating that it has no other data to transfer.

The format of the data transferred depends on the protocol specified by the Security Protocol
field.

The device server shall retain data resulting from a SECURITY PROTOCOL OUT command, if
any, until one of the following events is processed:
a) transfer of the data via a SECURITY PROTOCOL IN command from the same I_T_L
nexus as defined by the protocol specified by the Security Protocol field;
b) logical unit reset; or,
c) I_T Nexus loss associated with the I_T Nexus that sent the SECURITY PROTOCOL
OUT command.
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16.41 SECURITY PROTOCOL OUT (B5)
SECURITY PROTOCOL OUT (B5) will request that the device server to process the specified parameter list using
the specified security protocol. The application client may use the SECURITY PROTOCOL IN (A2) command to
retrieve data that results from the processing of one or more SECURITY PROTOCOL OUT (B5) commands.
Table 209:
SECURITY PROTOCOL OUT (B5)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0
Operation Code = B5h
1
Security Protocol
2
1
0
2
Security Protocol Specific
3
4
Reserved
INC_512
Reserved
5
6
(MSB)
Transfer Length
...
(LSB)
9
10
Reserved
11
Control

The code (01h to 06h) generated for the Security Protocol field is defined by the TCG
Specification.

The contents of the Security Protocol Specific field are defined by the protocol specified by the
Security Protocol field.

A INC_512 (512 Increment) bit set to one (1) specifies that the Transfer Length field will express
the number of bytes to be transferred in 512-byte increments (e.g., a value of one (1) equals 512
bytes, a value of two (2) equals 1,024 bytes, etc.). Pad Bytes shall be appended to meet this
length. Pad Bytes shall have a value of 00h.

A INC_512 (512 Increment) bit set to zero specifies that the Transfer Length field indicates the
number of bytes to be transferred.

The Control byte is defined in SAM-5.
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
Any association between a SECURITY PROTOCOL OUT command and a subsequent
SECURITY PROTOCOL IN command is defined by the protocol specified by the Security
Protocol field. Each protocol shall define whether:
a) the device server shall complete the command with a GOOD status as soon as it
determines the data has been correctly received. An indication that the data has been
processed is obtained by sending a SECURITY PROTOCOL IN command and receiving
the results in the associated data transfer; or,
b) the device server shall complete the command with a GOOD status only after the data has
been successfully processed and an associated SECURITY PROTOCOL IN command is
not required.

The format of the data transferred depends on the protocol specified by the Security Protocol
field.
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16.42 SEEK (6) - (0B)
The SEEK (6) and SEEK (10) commands are implemented as no-ops on the SSD. No checking is performed on the
LBA in the CDB.
Table 210:
SEEK (6) - (0B)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
1
0
Command Code = 0Bh
0
Reserved
1
Logical Block Address
2-3
Logical Block Address (continued)
4
Reserved
5
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
16.43 SEEK (10) - (2B)
Table 211:
SEEK (10) - (2B)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0
Command Code = 2Bh
1
Reserved
2
2-5
Logical Block Address
6-8
Reserved
9
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
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0
16.44 SEND DIAGNOSTIC (1D)
SEND DIAGNOSTIC (1D) requests the drive to perform its self-diagnostic test or to perform a function based on a
page of information sent in a Data Out phase during the command.
Table 212:
SEND DIAGNOSTIC (1D)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
SlfTst
Dev0fl
Unt0fl
Command Code = 1Dh
0
Function Code
1
PF
RSVD
2
Reserved
3-4
Parameter List Length
5
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.


PF Page Format bit set to 1 indicates the data sent by the Initiator conform to the page structure as specified
in SCSI standard. This bit is ignored by the Target if the SlfTst bit is set.
SlfTst set to 0 indicates that the device performs its default self-test. If SlfTst is 1, the Function code field is
ignored. If SlfTst is set to 0, the action to perform is specified in Function code field.
Table 213:
Value
SEND DIAGNOSTIC Function Code (1D)
Function Name
Description
000b
NA
Value to be used when the SlfTst bit is set to one or if the SEND
DIAGNOSTIC command is not invoking one of the other selftest function codes.
001b
Background Short Self-Test
The device server starts its short self-test routine in background
mode.
010b
Background Extended Self-Test
The device server starts its extended self-test routine in
background mode.
011b
NA
Reserved
100b
Abort Background Self-Test
Abort the current self-test in the background mode. This value is
only valid if a previous SEND DIAGNOSTIC command
specified a background self-test function and that function has
not been completed.
101b
Foreground Short Self-Test
The device server starts its short self-test routine in the
foreground mode. This self-test will complete in two minutes or
less.
110b
Foreground Extended Self-Test
The device server starts its extended self-test routine in the
foreground mode .The completion time for this test is reported
in Mode Page 0Ah (refer to section 17.11.9 "Mode Page 0A).
111b
Reserved
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



DevOfl is ignored by the Target for compatibility.
UntOfl is ignored by the Target for compatibility.
Parameter List Length must be 0 when the SlfTst bit is one. Otherwise, Check Condition status will be
generated with a sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense of Invalid Field in CDB. If the SlfTst bit
is zero, it should be set to the length of the page to be transferred in the DATA OUT phase of the
command. If it does not match the expected length of the page a Check Condition status will be also
generated with a sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense of Invalid Field in CDB.
If a fault is detected during the default or foreground self-test, a Check Condition is reported as an end
status. If a fault is detected during the background self-test, it is logged in the log page for later retrieval by
a LOG SENSE command.
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16.44.1 Send Diagnostic Page 0
This page requests that the drive return a list of supported pages on the next RECEIVE DIAGNOSTICS command.
Table 214:
Diagnostic Page 0
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0
Page Code = 0
1
Reserved
2-3
Page Length = 0
2
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1
0
16.44.2 Send Diagnostic Page 3F
Table 215:
Send Diagnostic Page 3F
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
0
Page Code = 3F
0
Reserved
1
Protocol Identifier = 6
2-3
Page Length = 1Ch
4
Phy Identifier
5
Phy Test Function
6
Phy Test Pattern
RSVD
7
Phy Test
Pattern
SATA =
0
Phy Test Pattern SSC
Phy Test Pattern Physical Link Rate
8-10
Reserved
11
Phy Test Pattern Dwords Control
12-19
Phy Test Pattern Dwords
20-31
Reserved

1
Phy Identifier specifies the selected Phy that is to perform or to stop performing a Phy test function. If the
Phy does not exist, Check Condition status will be returned with a sense key of Illegal Request and
additional sense of Invalid Field in Parameter List.
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
Phy Test Function specifies the Phy test function to be performed. If an unsupported function is requested,
Check Condition status will be returned with a sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense of Invalid
Field in Parameter List.
Phy Test Function
00h
If the selected Phy is performing a Phy-test function, then the selected Phy
stop performing the Phy test function and originate a link reset sequence. If
the selected Phy is not performing a Phy test function, then this function as
no effect on the selected Phy.
01h
If the selected Phy is not performing a Phy test function, the selected Phy
will be set to transmit the Phy test pattern specified by the Phy Test Pattern
field at the physical link rate specified by the Phy Test Pattern Physical.
02h-FEh
FFh

Description
Not supported.
Retime Loopback. If the selected Phy is not performing a Phy test function,
the selected Phy will be set to retransmit the retimed data pattern received
by the Phy receiver.
Phy Test Pattern specifies the Phy test pattern to be transmitted when the Phy Test Function is set to 01h. If
an unsupported value is specified, Check Condition status will be returned with a sense key of Illegal
Request and additional sense of Invalid Field in Parameter List.
Phy Test Pattern
Description
00h
Reserved
01h
JTPAT
02h
CJTPAT
03h-0Fh
Reserved
10h
TRAIN (Not Supported)
11h
TRAIN_DONE (Not Supported)
12h
IDLE
13h
SCRAMBLE_0
14h - 3Fh
Reserved
40h
TWO_DWORDS
41h - EFh
Reserved
F0h
PRBS7
F1h
PRBS15
F2h
PRBS23
F3h
PRB31
F4h-FFh
Reserved
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


Phy Test Pattern Physical Link Rate specifies the physical link rate at which the Phy test pattern shall be
transmitted. Supported values are 9h for 3.0 Gbps, Ah for 6.0 Gbps and Bh for 12.0 Gbps. If an
unsupported value is specified, Check Condition status will be returned with a sense key of Illegal Request
and additional sense of Invalid Field in Parameter List.
Phy Test Pattern SATA bit set to 0 indicates that the Phy transmits the Phy test pattern as a SAS Phy. If this
bit is set to 1, Check Condition status will be returned with a sense key of Illegal Request and additional
sense of Invalid Field in Parameter List
Phy Test Pattern SSC specifies the SSC modulation type which the Phy test pattern will be transmitted. If
an unsupported SSC modulation type is specified, Check Condition status will be returned with a sense key
of Illegal Request and additional sense of Invalid Field in Parameter List.
Note: The SSC hardware of the drive is shared between both ports. In order for the drive to transmit SSC, both ports
must be configured with SSC enabled. When Phy Test Pattern SSC is specified, drive will apply the SSC
modulation type to both ports in order for spreading to occur. This could cause link disruption if the connected HBA
is unable to receive a SSC signal.
Phy Test Pattern SSC Code

00h
No SSC.
01h
Center-Spreading SSC (Not supported).
10h
Down-Spreading SSC.
11h
Reserved
Phy Test Pattern Dwords Control controls whether the bytes in the Phy Test Pattern Dwords field are sent
as control characters or data characters.
Phy Test Pattern Dwords Control
Description
00h
Each byte in the Phy Test Pattern Dwords field shall be sent
as a data character (i.e., Dxx.y) without scrambling.
08h
The fifth byte in the Phy Test Pattern Dwords field shall be
sent as a control character (i.e., Kxx.y). Each other byte shall
be sent as a data character without scrambling.
80h
The first byte in the Phy Test Pattern Dwords field shall be
sent as a control character. Each other byte shall be sent as a
data character without scrambling.
88h
The first and fifth bytes in the Phy Test Pattern Dwords field
shall be sent as a control character. Each other byte shall be
sent as a data character without scrambling.
All others

Description
Reserved
Phy Test Pattern Dwords contains the two Dwords that are sent during a TWO_DWORDS test pattern.
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16.45 SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER (A4/06)
SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER (A4/067) command requests that the device identifier information be set to the value
received in the SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER parameter list.
Table 216:
SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER (A4/06)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
Reserved
1
Reserved
3
Reserved
4-5
Restricted = 0
6-9
Parameter List Length
10
Reserved
Vendor-Specific

0
Service Action = 06h
2

1
Command Code = A4h
0

2
Reserved
NACA
Obsolete
On successful completion of a SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER command a unit attention is generated for all
Initiators except the one that issued the service action. When reporting the unit attention condition the
additional sense code is set to Device Identifier Changed.
Parameter List Length specifies the length in bytes of the Identifier that is transferred from the host system
to the Target. The maximum value for this field is 512 bytes. A parameter list length of zero indicates that
no data is transferred, and that subsequent REPORT DEVICE IDENTIFIER commands return an Identifier
length of zero.
The SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER parameter list will contain the identifier to be set by the addressed logical
unit.
Table 217:
SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER Parameter List
Bit
Byte
0-n

7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Identifier
The IDENTIFIER field is a vendor specific value, to be returned in subsequent REPORT DEVICE
IDENTIFIER commands.
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0
16.46 START STOP UNIT (1B)
START STOP UNIT (1B) is used to make the media accessible or inaccessible. The SSD automatically makes the
media accessible at power-on; the command only emulates HDD behavior by making the SSD ready or not ready.
Table 218:
START STOP UNIT (1B)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
Command Code = 1Bh
1
Reserved

1
0
Immed
Reserved
3
Reserved
4
Power Condition
Power Condition Modifier
Reserved
LoEj = 0
Start
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
5

2
0
2

3
Immed bit is to specify:
0
Status is to be returned at the end of the operation.
1
Good status shall always be returned immediately after command has been received. The
TEST UNIT READY command may be used to determine when the drive becomes ready.
Power Conditions and Power Condition Modifier fields are ignored. Power save modes are not supported.
If a non-zero Power Condition is set, the Start bit is ignored. The Power Condition must be set to zero to
allow the Start bit setting to affect the state of the drive.
Start bit is to specify:
0
Make the media inaccessible.
1
Make the media accessible.
Note: NOTIFY (ENABLE_SPINUP) is not required for the SSD to come ready after power on. Once the drive has
become ready, the START STOP UNIT command can be used without any errors regardless of the current state.
Note that NOTIFY (ENABLE_SPINUP) is required to transition from the Stopped state to the Ready state
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16.47 SYNCHRONIZE CACHE (10) - (35)
SYNCHRONIZE CACHE (10) is implemented as a no-op on the SSD. Data integrity is maintained across power
cycles by PLI circuitry.
Table 219:
SYNCHRONIZE CACHE (10) - (35)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
2
1
0
SYNC_NV
Immed
Obsolete
Command Code = 35h
0
1
3
Reserved
2-5
Logical Block Address
6
Reserved
7-8
Number of Blocks
9
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.




Logical Block Address must be a valid LBA on the drive, but otherwise is ignored and has no impact on
command execution.
SYNC_NV is ignored. It may be set to 0 or 1 with no impact on the command execution.
Immed is ignored. It may be set to 0 or 1 with no impact on the command execution.
Number of Blocks specifies the total number of contiguous logical blocks within the range. Number of
Blocks of 0 indicates that all remaining logical blocks on the logical unit shall be within the range.
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16.48 SYNCHRONIZE CACHE (16) - (91)
SYNCHRONIZE CACHE (16) is implemented as a no-op on the SSD. Data integrity is maintained across power
cycles by PLI circuitry. See the SYNCHRONIZE CACHE (10) description for definitions of the fields in this
command.
Table 220:
SYNCHRONIZE CACHE (16) - (91)
BIT
Byte
7
6
5
4
2
1
0
SYNC_NV
Immed
RSVD
Command Code = 91h
0
1
3
Reserved
2-9
Logical Block Address
10-13
Number of Blocks
14
Reserved
15
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
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16.49 TEST UNIT READY (00)
TEST UNIT READY (00) command allows the Initiator to check if the drive is READY. The SCSI specification
defines READY as the condition where the device will accept a media-access command without returning Check
Condition status.
Table 221:
TEST UNIT READY (00)
Bit
Byte



7
6
5
4
3
2
0
Command Code = 00h
1
Reserved
2-4
Reserved
5
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
1
0
The drive will verify that the media is accessible. If the media is not accessible, Check Condition status is
returned with sense key of Not Ready. If the media is accessible, the drive returns good status and will
execute media access commands.
The TEST UNIT READY command is not intended as a diagnostic. No self-diagnostic is performed by the
device as a result of this command.
The TEST UNIT READY command has special significance for power sequencing using the UNIT
START command with an Immediate bit of one. In this mode the UNIT START command returns Task
Complete status immediately and expects the Initiator to issue TEST UNIT READY commands to
determine when the media is accessible.
Note: The Power On sequence automatically transitions the drive to the Ready state. The drive does not execute any
commands other than TEST UNIT READY, REPORT LUNS, INQUIRY, or REQUEST SENSE command until the
Power On sequence is complete. The drive will return Check Condition status with Not Ready sense key and In
Process of Becoming Ready sense code for all other commands during the Power On period.
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16.50 UNMAP (42)
UNMAP (42) command requests that the drive cause one or more LBAs to be unmapped. When an LBA is
"unmapped", subsequent reads to the LBA will return all 0x00s. Protection information for the LBA (if applicable)
will be 0xFFFFFFFF_FFFFFFFF. For additional information, refer to section 18.x Logical Block Provisioning.
Table 222:
UNMAP (42)
Bit
Byte
7
6
2
1
0
Anchor
Reserved
2-5

3
Reserved
1

4
Operation Code (42h)
0
6
5
Reserved
Group Number
7-8
Parameter List Length
9
Control
Anchor bit is ignored. Since the drive is “resource provisioned”, any LBA on which an unmap operation is
performed will become anchored (regardless of the setting of the ANCHOR bit in the UNMAP command).
Group Number shall be 0.
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16.50.1 UNMAP Parameter List
The UNMAP parameter list contains the data sent by an application client along with an UNMAP command.
Included in the data are an UNMAP parameter list header and block descriptors for LBA extents to be processed by
the device server for the UNMAP command. The LBAs specified in the block descriptors may contain overlapping
extents, and may be in any order. For each specified LBA, the LBA will become anchored (regardless of previous
state).
Table 223:
UNMAP Parameter list
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
0-1
Unmap Data Length (n - 1)
2-3
Unmap Block Descriptor Data Length (n - 7)
4-7
Reserved
1
0
UNMAP Block Descriptors
8-23
UNMAP Block Descriptor [First] (see Table 185)
…
n-15
...
UNMAP Block Descriptor [Last] (see Table 207:)
n


Unmap Data Length specifies the length in bytes of the following data that is available to be transferred
from the Data-Out Buffer. The unmap data length does not include the number of bytes in the UNMAP
DATA LENGTH field.
Unmap Block Descriptor Data Length specifies the length in bytes of the UNMAP block descriptors that
are available to be transferred from the Data-Out Buffer. The unmap block descriptor data length should be
a multiple of 16. If the unmap block descriptor data length is not a multiple of 16, then the last unmap block
descriptor is incomplete and shall be ignored. If the UNMAP BLOCK DESCRIPTOR DATA LENGTH is
set to zero, then no unmap block descriptors are included in the UNMAP parameter data. This condition
shall not be considered an error.
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Table 224:
UNMAP Block Descriptor
Bit
Byte




7
6
5
4
3
2
0-7
Unmap Logical Block Address
8-11
Number of Logical Blocks
12-15
Reserved
1
0
Unmap Logical Block Address contains the first LBA of the UNMAP block descriptor to be unmapped.
Number of Logical Blocks contains the number of LBAs to be unmapped beginning with the LBA
specified by the UNMAP LOGICAL BLOCK ADDRESS field. If the NUMBER OF LOGICAL BLOCKS
is set to 0, then no LBAs shall be unmapped for this UNMAP block descriptor. This condition shall not be
considered an error.
If the LBA specified by the UNMAP LOGICAL BLOCK ADDRESS field plus the number of logical
blocks exceeds the capacity of the medium, then the device server shall terminate the command with
CHECK CONDITION status with the sense key set to ILLEGAL REQUEST and the additional sense code
set to LOGICAL BLOCK ADDRESS OUT OF RANGE.
If the total number of logical blocks specified in the UNMAP block descriptor data exceeds the value
indicated in the MAXIMUM UNMAP LBA COUNT field in the Block Limits VPD page (See Table 58:
Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = B0h)), or if the number of UNMAP block descriptors
exceeds the value of the MAXIMUM UNMAP BLOCK DESCRIPTOR COUNT field in the Block Limits
VPD page, then the device server shall terminate the command with CHECK CONDITION status with the
sense key set to ILLEGAL REQUEST and the additional sense code set to INVALID FIELD IN
PARAMETER LIST.
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16.51 VERIFY (10) - (2F)
VERIFY (10) requests that the drive verify the data written on the media. A verification length of zero indicates that
no data will be transferred. This condition is not considered an error.
Table 225:
VERIFY (10) - (2F)
BIT
Byte
7
6
VRPROTECT
1








4
3
2
1
0
ByteChk
RSVD
Command Code = 2Fh
0

5
DPO
Reserved
2-5
Logical Block Address
6
Reserved
7-8
Verification Length
9
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
ByteChk bit set to 0 indicates that the data is read from the drive and verified using ECC.If an ECC error is
detected in the verify process, Check Condition status is returned with sense key set to Medium Error.
ByteChk bit set to 1 indicates that byte-by-byte comparison is performed between the data on the drive and
data transferred from the initiator during the data-out phase. If the comparison is unsuccessful, the
command is terminated with Check Condition status and the sense key is set to Miscompare.
DPO Disable Page Out bit is ignored.
The command implies FUA.
The command stops on Check Condition and reports the LBA in error. The command must be reissued,
starting with the next LBA, to verify the remainder of the Drive.
Verification Length is the number of blocks to check.
The data (if any) from the data-out phase and the data from the media are not retained in the cache.
Therefore, the DPO bit has no effect on this command and is ignored.
VRPROTECT defines the manner in which protection information read from drive shall be checked during
processing of the command. Protection information is stored on drive, and may be validated using the
drive's internal checking algorithms, and also byte-by-byte compared using data from the initiator when
ByteChk=1.
If the drive is not formatted with protection information, VRPROTECT must be set to 000b, else Check
Condition status will be returned with sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense code of Invalid
Field in CDB.
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

VRPROTECT=000b
 If the drive is not formatted with protection information, only user data is verified.
 If the drive is formatted with protection information:
o Logical Block Guard is checked.
o Logical Block Application Tag is checked (applies to 32-byte CDBs or when ATO=1).
o Logical Block Reference Tag is checked.
VRPROTECT=001b
o Logical Block Guard is checked.
o Logical Block Application Tag is checked (applies to 32-byte CDBs or when ATO=1).
o Logical Block Reference Tag is checked.

VRPROTECT=010b
o Logical Block Guard is not checked.
o Logical Block Application Tag is checked (applies to 32-byte CDBs or when ATO=1).
o Logical Block Reference Tag is checked.

VRPROTECT=011b
o Logical Block Guard is not checked.
o Logical Block Application Tag is not checked.
o Logical Block Reference Tag is not checked.

VRPROTECT=100b
o Logical Block Guard is checked.
o Logical Block Application Tag is not checked.
o Logical Block Reference Tag is not checked.

VRPROTECT=101b
o Logical Block Guard is checked.
o Logical Block Application Tag is checked (applies to 32-byte CDBs or when ATO=1).
o Logical Block Reference Tag is checked.

VRPROTECT=110b, 111b
o These values are reserved.
o Check Condition status will be returned with sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense
code of Invalid Field in CDB.
o If a check of the protection information fails, Check Condition status will be returned with sense
key of Aborted Command and additional sense code indicating which protection field check
failed.
o Refer to the ANSI T10 standards for additional details of protection information.
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16.52 VERIFY (12) - (AF)
VERIFY (12) will cause the drive to verify data written on the media. See the VERIFY (10) description for the
definitions of the fields in this command.
Table 226:
VERIFY (12) - (AF)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
RSVD
ByteChk
RSVD
Command Code = AFh
0
VRPROTECT
1
DPO
FUA
2-5
Logical Block Address
6-9
Verification Length
10
Reserved
11
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
16.53 VERIFY (16) - (8F)
VERIFY (16) requests that the drive verify the data written on the media. See the VERIFY (10) description for the
definitions of the fields in this command.
Table 227:
VERIFY (16) - (8F)
Bit
Byte
7
6
4
3
2
1
0
ByteChk
RSVD
Command Code = 8Fh
0
1
5
VRPROTECT
DPO
Reserved
2-9
Logical Block Address
10-13
Verification Length
14
Reserved
15
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
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16.54 VERIFY (32) - (7F/0A)
VERIFY (32) requests that the drive verify the data written on the media. Each logical block includes user data and
may include protection information, based on the VPROTECT field and the drive format.
Table 228:
VERIFY (32) - (7F/0A)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
0
Command Code = 07Fh
1
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
2-5
Reserved
Reserved
6
Additional CDB Length = 18h
8-9
Service Action = 000Ah
RDPROTECT
DPO
Reserved
11
Reserved
12-19
Logical Block Address
20-23
Expected Initial Logical Block Reference Tag
24-25
Expected Logical Block Application Tag
26-27
Logical Block Application Tag Mask
28-31
Verification Length




0
ByteChk
RSVD
Group Number = 0
7
10
1
If the drive is formatted with type 2 protection (PROT_EN=1 and P_TYPE=001b in the READ
CAPACITY (16) parameter data), then this command will be processed normally. Any other protection
types will result in Check Condition status to be returned with sense key of Illegal Request and additional
sense code of Invalid Command Operation Code.
Expected Initial Logical Block Reference Tag contains the value of the Logical Block Reference Tag field
expected in the protection information of the first logical block accessed by the command.
If the ATO bit is set to one in Mode Page 0Ah, the Logical Block Application Tag Mask field contains a
value that is a bit mask for enabling the checking of the Logical Block Application Tag field in the
protection information for each logical block accessed by the command. A Logical Block Application Tag
Mask bit set to one enables the checking of the corresponding bit of the Expected Logical Block
Application Tag field with the corresponding bit of the Logical Block Application Tag field in the
protection information.
If the ATO bit is set to zero, the Logical Block Application Tag Mask field and the Expected Logical Block
Application Tag field are ignored.
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16.55 WRITE (6) - (0A)
The WRITE (6) command will request the drive to write the specified number of blocks of data (Transfer Length)
from the Initiator to the medium starting at the specified Logical Block Address (LBA).
Table 229:
WRITE (6) - (0A)
Bit
Byte
7
6
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 0Ah
0
Reserved
1


5
Logical Block Address
2-3
Logical Block Address (continued)
4
Transfer Length
5
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
Logical Block Address specifies the logical unit at which the WRITE operation shall begin.
Transfer Length specifies the number of blocks to be transferred. A value of zero implies 256 blocks are to
be transferred.
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16.56 WRITE (10) - (2A)
The WRITE (10) command requests that the drive write the data transferred from the Initiator. This command is
processed like the standard WRITE (6) - (0A) command except for the longer transfer length.
Table 230:
WRITE (10) - (2A)
Bit
Byte
7
6
4
3
2
1
0
RSVD
FUA_NV
Obsolete
Command Code = 2Ah
0
1
5
WRPROTECT
DPO
FUA
2-5
Logical Block Address
6
Reserved
7-8
Transfer Length
9
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.





Transfer Length is the number of contiguous blocks to be transferred. If the transfer length is zero, the seek
occurs, but no data is transferred. This condition is not considered an error.
DPO Disable Page Out bit is ignored.
FUA bit is ignored.
FUA_NV Force Unit Access Non-Volatile Cache may be set to 0 or 1, but is ignored since NV_SUP=0 in
Inquiry Page 86h.
If a WRITE command is received after protection information is enabled, the drive will set the protection
information as follows as it writes each block to drive:
o The Logical Block Guard field is set to a properly generated CRC.
o The Logical Block Reference Tag field is set to:
- The least significant four bytes of the LBA, if the drive is formatted with type 1 protection
(PROT_EN=1 and P_TYPE=000b in the READ CAPACITY (16) parameter data); or,
- FFFFFFFFh, if the drive is formatted with type 2 protection (PROT_EN=1 and P_TYPE=001b in
the READ CAPACITY (16) parameter data)
o The Logical Block Application Tag field is set to:
- FFFFh, if the ATO bit is set to one in Mode Page 0Ah; or,
- Any value, if the ATO bit is set to zero

WRPROTECT defines the manner in which protection information written to drive shall be checked during
processing of the command. Protection information may be transmitted to the drive with the user data,
based on the WRPROTECT bit and the drive format.

If the drive is not formatted with protection information, WRPROTECT must be set to 000b, else Check
Condition status will be returned with sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense code of Invalid
Field in CDB.
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
WRPROTECT=000b
o Protection information is not transmitted to the drive.
o If the drive is formatted with protection information, the drive will write protection information to
drive based on its internal algorithms.

WRPROTECT=001b
o Protection information is transmitted to the drive with the user data.
o Logical Block Guard is checked.
o Logical Block Application Tag is checked (applies to 32-byte CDBs or when ATO=1).
o Logical Block Reference Tag is checked.

WRPROTECT=010b
o Protection information is transmitted to the drive with the user data.
o Logical Block Guard is not checked.
o Logical Block Application Tag is checked (applies to 32-byte CDBs or when ATO=1).
o Logical Block Reference Tag is checked.

WRPROTECT=011b
o Protection information is transmitted to the drive with the user data.
o Logical Block Guard is not checked.
o Logical Block Application Tag is not checked.
o Logical Block Reference Tag is not checked.

WRPROTECT=100b
o Protection information is transmitted to the drive with the user data.
o Logical Block Guard is checked.
o Logical Block Application Tag is not checked.
o Logical Block Reference Tag is not checked.

WRPROTECT=101b
o Protection information is transmitted to the drive with the user data
o Logical Block Guard is checked
o Logical Block Application Tag is checked (applies to 32-byte CDBs or when ATO=1)
o Logical Block Reference Tag is checked

WRPROTECT=110b, 111b
o These values are reserved.
o Check Condition status will be returned with sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense
code of Invalid Field in CDB.
o If a check of the protection information fails, Check Condition status will be returned with sense
key of Aborted Command and additional sense code indicating which protection field check
failed.
o Refer to the ANSI T10 standards for additional details of protection information.
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16.57 WRITE (12) - (AA)
WRITE (12) causes the drive to write data from the initiator to the media. See the WRITE (10) description for the
definitions of the fields in this command.
Table 231:
WRITE (12) - (AA)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
RSVD
FUA_NV
RSVD
Command Code = AAh
0
WRPROTECT
1
DPO
FUA
2-5
Logical Block Address
6-9
Transfer Length
10
Reserved
11
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
16.58 WRITE (16) - (8A)
WRITE (16) causes the drive to write data from the initiator to the media. See the WRITE (10) description for the
definitions of the fields in this command.
Table 232:
WRITE (16) - (8A)
Bit
Byte
7
6
4
3
2
1
0
RSVD
FUA_NV
RSVD
Command Code = 8Ah
0
1
5
WRPROTECT
DPO
FUA
2-9
Logical Block Address
10-13
Transfer Length
14
Reserved
15
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
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16.59 WRITE (32) - (7F/0B)
WRITE (32) will request that the drive write data transferred from the initiator to drive. Each logical block
transferred includes user data and may include protection information according to the WRPROTECT field and the
drive format. Each logical block written includes user data and, if the drive is formatted with protection information
enabled, protection information.
Table 233:
WRITE (32) - (7F/0B)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
0
Command Code = 7Fh
1
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1
2-5
Reserved
Reserved
6
Additional CDB Length = 18h
8-9
Service Action = 000Bh
WRPROTECT
DPO
FUA
RSVD
11
Reserved
12-19
Logical Block Address
20-23
Expected Initial Logical Block Reference Tag
24-25
Expected Logical Block Application Tag
26-27
Logical Block Application Tag Mask
28-31
Verification Length




0
FUA_NV
RSVD
Group Number = 0
7
10
1
If the drive is formatted with type 2 protection (PROT_EN=1 and P_TYPE=001b in the READ
CAPACITY (16) parameter data), then this command will be processed normally. Any other protection
types will result in Check Condition status to be returned with sense key of Illegal Request and additional
sense code of Invalid Command Operation Code
Expected Initial Logical Block Reference Tag contains the value of the Logical Block Reference Tag field
expected in the protection information of the first logical block accessed by the command.
If the ATO bit is set to one in Mode Page 0Ah, the Logical Block Application Tag Mask field contains a
value that is a bit mask for enabling the checking of the Logical Block Application Tag field in the
protection information for each logical block accessed by the command. A Logical Block Application Tag
Mask bit set to one enables the checking of the corresponding bit of the Expected Logical Block
Application Tag field with the corresponding bit of the Logical Block Application Tag field in the
protection information.
If the ATO bit is set to zero, the Logical Block Application Tag Mask field and the Expected Logical Block
Application Tag field are ignored.
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16.60 WRITE AND VERIFY (10) - (2E)
The WRITE AND VERIFY (10) command will request that the drive writes the data transferred from the Initiator to
the medium and then verify that the data is correctly written. An implied FUA (Force Unit Access) and an implied
Synchronize Cache are performed before starting the operation. This insures that data from the drive, not the cache,
is verified.
Table 234:
WRITE AND VERIFY (10) - (2E)
Bit
Byte
7
6
4
3
2
WRPROTECT
DPO
Reserved
2-5
Logical Block Address
6
Reserved
7-8
Transfer Length
9
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.




1
0
ByteChk
Obsolete
Command Code = 2Eh
0
1
5
See the WRITE (10) command description for the definition of the WRPROTECT field.
Transfer Length is the number of contiguous blocks to be transferred. If the transfer length is zero, the seek
occurs, but no data is transferred. This condition is not considered an error.
ByteChk is set to 0 to indicate that the data is read back from the drive and verified using ECC after the
successful write operation.
o If an ECC error is detected in the verify process, Check Condition status is returned with sense
key set to Medium Error. ByteChk bit set to 1 indicates that byte-by-byte comparison is performed
between data on the drive starting the block specified in LBA field and data transferred from the
Initiator.
o If the comparison is unsuccessful, the command is terminated with Check Condition status and the
sense key is set to Miscompare.
DPO Disable Page Out is ignored.
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16.61 WRITE AND VERIFY (12) - (AE)
WRITE AND VERIFY (12) will request that the drive write the data transferred from the Initiator to the medium
and then verify that the data is correctly written. See the WRITE AND VERIFY (10) description for the definitions
of the fields in this command.
Table 235:
WRITE AND VERIFY (12) - (AE)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
ByteChk
Obsolete
Command Code = AEh
0
WRPROTECT
1
DPO
Reserved
2-5
Logical Block Address
6-9
Transfer Length
10
Reserved
11
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
16.62 WRITE AND VERIFY (16) - (8E)
WRITE AND VERIFY (16) will request that the drive write the data transferred from the Initiator to the medium
and then verify that the data is correctly written. See the WRITE AND VERIFY (10) description for the definitions
of the fields in this command.
Table 236:
WRITE AND VERIFY (16) - (8E)
Bit
Byte
7
6
4
3
2
1
0
ByteChk
Obsolete
Command Code = 8Eh
0
1
5
WRPROTECT
DPO
Reserved
2-9
Logical Block Address
10-13
Transfer Length
14
Reserved
15
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
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16.63 WRITE AND VERIFY (32) - (7F/0C)
WRITE AND VERIFY (32) will request that the drive write the data transferred from the initiator to drive and then
verify that the data is correctly written.
Table 237:
WRITE AND VERIFY (32) - (7F/0C)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
0
Command Code = 7Fh
1
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
2-5
Reserved
Reserved
6
Additional CDB Length = 18h
8-9
Service Action = 000Ch
WRPROTECT
DPO
Reserved
ByteChk
11
Reserved
12-19
Logical Block Address
20-23
Expected Initial Logical Block Reference Tag
24-25
Expected Logical Block Application
26-27
Logical Block Application Tag Mask
28-31
Transfer Length




0
Group Number = 0
7
10
1
RSVD
If the drive is formatted with type 2 protection (PROT_EN=1 and P_TYPE=001b in the READ
CAPACITY (16) parameter data), then this command will be processed normally. Any other protection
types will result in Check Condition status to be returned with sense key of Illegal Request and additional
sense code of Invalid Command Operation Code.
Expected Initial Logical Block Reference Tag contains the value of the Logical Block Reference Tag field
expected in the protection information of the first logical block accessed by the command.
If the ATO bit is set to one in Mode Page 0Ah, the Logical Block Application Tag Mask field contains a
value that is a bit mask for enabling the checking of the Logical Block Application Tag field in the
protection information for each logical block accessed by the command. A Logical Block Application Tag
Mask bit set to one enables the checking of the corresponding bit of the Expected Logical Block
Application Tag field with the corresponding bit of the Logical Block Application Tag field in the
protection information.
If the ATO bit is set to zero, the Logical Block Application Tag Mask field and the Expected Logical Block
Application Tag field are ignored.
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16.64 WRITE BUFFER (3B)
WRITE BUFFER (3B) is used with the READ BUFFER (3C) command as a diagnostic function for testing the
memory of the drive and the SCSI bus integrity. This command does not alter the medium of the drive. Additional
modes are provided for downloading microcode and saving microcode.
Table 238:
WRITE BUFFER (3B)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
Reserved
1
1
0
Mode
2
Buffer ID
3-5
Buffer Offset
6-8
Parameter List Length
9
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
The function of this command and the meaning of fields within the command descriptor block depend on
the contents of the Mode field:
Mode
Description
00000
Write combined header and data.
00010
Data.
00100
Download Microcode.
00101
Download Microcode and Save - single binary file.
00111
Download Microcode and Save - multiple binary files.
01010
Write Data to Echo Buffer.
01110
Download microcode with offsets, save, and defer activate.
01111
Activate deferred microcode.
11010
Enable expander Communications Protocol.
All Others

2
Command Code = 3Bh
0

3
Not Supported.
If any values other than shown above are specified, a Check Condition status is returned with a sense key
of Illegal Request and additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.
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16.64.1 Combined Header And Data (Mode 00000b)
In this mode, the data to be transferred is preceded by a four-byte header.

Buffer ID must be 0. If another value is specified, no download function is performed and the command is
terminated with Check Condition status. And the drive shall set the sense key to Illegal Request and
additional sense code to Illegal Field in CDB.

Buffer Offset must be 0. If another value is specified, no download function is performed and the
command is terminated with Check Condition status. And the drive shall set the sense key to Illegal
Request and additional sense code to Illegal Field in CDB.

Parameter List Length specifies the number of bytes that shall be transferred during the DATA OUT
phase. This number includes four bytes of header, so the data length to be stored in the drive buffer is
transfer length minus four. If the length exceeds the buffer size, the command is terminated with Check
Condition status. And the drive shall set sense key to Illegal Request and additional sense code to Illegal
Field in CDB. A Parameter List Length of less than four (size of header) indicates no data is transferred.

The 4-byte header consists of all reserved bytes.

The MODE SPECIFIC field shall be ignored in this mode.
Table 239:
Write Buffer Header
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Reserved
0-3
16.64.2 Write Data (Mode 00010b)
In this mode, the DATA OUT phase contains buffer data.

Buffer ID must be 0. If another value is specified, no download function is performed and the command is
terminated with Check Condition status. And the drive shall set the sense key to Illegal Request and an
additional sense code of Illegal Field in CDB.

Buffer Offset specifies the offset of the memory space specified by the Buffer ID. The initiator should
conform to the offset boundary requirements returned in the READ BUFFER descriptor. If the value
exceeds the buffer specified, the command is terminated with Check Condition status. And the drive shall
set the sense key to Illegal Request and additional sense code to Illegal Field In CDB.

Parameter List Length specifies the Parameter List Length. It must be less than the capacity of the buffer
size after adding the Buffer Offset value and on a sector boundary A Parameter List Length of 0 indicates
no data is to be transferred and command status is returned.

If an invalid value is specified, the command is terminated with Check Condition status. And the drive shall
set the sense key to Illegal Request with an additional sense code of Illegal Field in CDB.

The MODE SPECIFIC field shall be ignored in this mode.
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16.64.3 Download Microcode (Mode 00100b)
In this mode, the microcode is transferred to the control memory space of the drive. When downloaded, the drive
will operate with the newly downloaded code immediately until the next power cycle.

Buffer ID field is used to indicate which portion of the microcode image is being downloaded. The
following Buffer IDs are supported by the Target:
00h:
Main Microprocessor Code
nnh:
ID of Vendor-Unique Reserved Area

Any unsupported value for the Buffer ID will cause the command to terminate with Check Condition
status. And the drive shall set the sense key to Illegal Request and additional sense code to Illegal Field In
CDB.

Buffer Offset must be 0. If an invalid value is specified, the command is terminated with Check Condition
status. The drive shall set the sense key to Illegal Request and additional sense code to Illegal Field in
CDB.

Parameter List Length must be the size of the data set to be downloaded. It may also be set to 0000h in
which case no code is updated and command status is returned. If an invalid value is specified, the
command is terminated with Check Condition status. And the drive shall set the sense key to Illegal
Request and additional sense code to Illegal Field In CDB.

This process generates a unit attention condition for MICROCODE HAS BEEN CHANGED for all
Initiators except the one which sent the WRITE BUFFER command. Upon the completion of the WRITE
BUFFER command the new microcode is immediately ready for operation.

The MODE SPECIFIC field shall be ignored in this mode.
Note: The Download Microcode mode described in this specification is to indicate that the drive will accept a
command with this mode, though it is not expected that a user will ever issue such a command. To use the write
buffer command with this mode, a special microcode version is required from development. If such a microcode is
released from development, then it will include appropriate instructions on the function of new microcode and its
effect on the drive operations after download.
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16.64.4 Download Microcode and Save (Mode 00101b) - Single Binary File
In this mode the data is transferred to the drive to save into the System reserved area on the drive. This is for
functional upgrade and configuration change reflecting the user's requirements and the manufacturer’s reason or
both, and it is stored in the media as a permanent copy. The newly downloaded code becomes effective after the
drive issues and completes a self-initiated Power On Reset.

Buffer ID field is used to indicate which portion of the microcode image is being downloaded. To
download microcode, the buffer ID should be set to 00h. Other values are reserved for HGST development
purposes only.

The MODE SPECIFIC field shall be ignored in this mode.
Notes:
1.
The drive supports fast update of microcode to the drive, which is power safe and completes in several
seconds. This does not update the Flash ROM.
2.
New code to be downloaded to the drive will be provided by development either by request of a customer
for an additional function or as a result of a functional change by development. However please note that
not all possible fixes or new functions can be applied to a drive in this manner and that there is a very high
dependency on the level of ROM code contained within the drive. If an invalid code or a code not
compatible with the ROM code is downloaded, the drive will usually reject this code and will continue
normal operation. However there is a small possibility that an invalid code will be accepted. If this occurs,
the unit usually becomes inoperable and will have to be returned to the manufacturer for recovery.
16.64.5 Download Microcode and Save (Mode 00111b) - Multiple Binary
Files
In this mode the target receives a segment of the binary microcode file. The Parameter List Length (segment length)
of each segment shall be a multiple of 4K bytes. The total length of all segments received shall be equal to the total
length of the binary microcode file. All segments must be sent in the proper sequential order.

If an invalid Parameter List Length is specified, Check Condition status is returned with sense key of
Illegal Request and additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.

The first segment sent in this mode indicates, by default, the first segment of the binary microcode file. If a
Check Condition status is returned in this mode, a Buffer ID = 00h in the subsequent Write Buffer
command in this mode indicates the first segment of the binary microcode file. Otherwise the Buffer ID
field is ignored.

Buffer Offset is ignored.

After all segments of the binary microcode file have been received, the drive behavior is the same as
Download Microcode and Save (Mode 00101b) - Single Binary File.

The MODE SPECIFIC field shall be ignored in this mode.
16.64.6 Write Data to Echo Buffer (Mode 01010b)
In this mode the Target transfers data into the echo buffer. The echo buffer is assigned in the same manner by the
Target as it would for a WRITE operation. Data will be sent aligned on 4-byte boundaries.

Upon successful completion of a WRITE BUFFER command the data will be preserved in the echo buffer
unless there is an intervening command to any logical unit, in which case it may be changed.

The MODE SPECIFIC field shall be ignored in this mode.
16.64.7 Download Microcode with Offsets, Save and Defer Activate (Mode
01110b)
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In this mode, microcode shall be transferred to the device server using one or more WRITE BUFFER commands
with activation modes specified in the Mode Specific field, saved to nonvolatile storage, and considered deferred.

The MODE SPECIFIC field is used in this mode to define types of code activation.

If the PO_ACT bit (bit 7) is set, the drive will activate the code after a power on reset.
If the HR_ACT bit (bit 6) is set, the drive will activate the code after a hard reset.
If the VSE_ACT bit (bit 5) is set, the drive will activate the code after a vendor specific condition is met.

The deferred microcode shall be activated and no longer considered deferred when one of the following
occurs:
a.) A power on only if the PO_ACT bit of the Mode Specific field is set in the initial WRITE
BUFFER command.
b.) A hard reset only if the HR_ACT bit of the Mode Specific field is set in the initial WRITE
BUFFER command.
c.) A WRITE BUFFER command with the activate deferred microcode mode (0Fh) is processed.

The VSE_ACT bit for vendor specific activation is not supported.
16.64.8 Activate Deferred Microcode Mode (Mode 01111b)
In this mode, deferred microcode that has been saved using the download microcode with offsets, save, and defer
activate mode, if any, shall be activated and no longer considered deferred.

The BUFFER ID field, the BUFFER OFFSET field, and PARAMETER LIST LENGTH field shall be
ignored in this mode.

The MODE SPECIFIC field shall be ignored in this mode.
16.64.9 Enable Expander Communications Protocol (Mode 11010b)
In this mode, deferred microcode that has been saved using the download microcode with offsets, save, and defer
activate mode, if any, shall be activated and no longer considered deferred.

The BUFFER ID field, the BUFFER OFFSET field, and PARAMETER LIST LENGTH field shall be
ignored in this mode.

The MODE SPECIFIC field shall be ignored in this mode.
16.64.10 Enable Expander Communications Protocol (Mode 11010b)
In this mode the drive behavior is the same as Write Data to Echo Buffer (Mode 0101b). The MODE SPECIFIC
field shall be ignored in this mode.
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16.65 WRITE LONG (10) - (3F)
The WRITE LONG (10) command requests the drive to write one block of data transferred from the Initiator. The
transfer data must include User Data and four (4) bytes of CRC data.
Table 240:
WRITE LONG (10) - (3F)
Bit
Byte
7
6
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 3Fh
0
1
5
COR_DIS
WR_UNCOR
PBLOCK
Reserved
2-5
Logical Block Address
6
Reserved
7-8
Byte Transfer Length
9
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
Obsolete
The parameters are as follows:

COR_DIS Correction Disabled when set to 1, we mark the LBA as a pseudo unrecovered error with
correction disabled. A subsequent read to this LBA would:
a) Perform no error recovery on the block;
b) Perform no automatic reallocation of the affected logical blocks, including any automatic
reallocation enabled by the Read-Write Error Recovery mode page;
c) Not consider errors on the affected logical blocks to be informational exception conditions as
defined in the Information Exceptions Control mode page (see SCSI Primary Commands – 4
(SPC-4));
d) Not log errors on the affected logical blocks in the Error Counter log pages;
e) On a read to the LBA, return check condition status with the sense key set to Medium Error and
the additional sense code set to read error marked bad by client.
 WR_UNCOR Write Uncorrectable when set to 1, and if a WRITE LONG command is received, a pseudo
unrecovered error with correction enabled would be created. On following read commands to the LBA, the
drive will:
a) Use the normal recovery procedures (that will end in a hard error);
b) Perform no automatic reallocation of the affected logical blocks, including any automatic
reallocation enabled by the Read-Write Error Recovery mode page;
c) Consider errors on the affected logical blocks to be informational exception conditions as defined
in the Information Exceptions Control mode page (see SCSI Primary Commands – 4 (SPC-4));
d) Log errors on the affected logical blocks in the Error Counter log pages
e) On a read to the LBA, return check condition status with the sense key set to Medium Error and
the additional sense code set to read error marked bad by client.
The error state for LBA written with the COR_DIS or WR_UNCOR bits set, will remain in effect until the LBA is
rewritten by a write, write same, format, write long without COR_DIS set, reassign or write verify command.
If there is more than one logical block per physical block (i.e., the LOGICAL BLOCKS PER PHYSICAL BLOCK
EXPONENT field in the READ CAPACITY (16) parameter data (see 5.17.1) is set to a non-zero value), then the
drive supports the PBLOCK bit. The PBLOCK is defined to be the physical block of data that contains the logical
block specified in the CDB.
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Table 241:
COR_DIS
0
COR_DIS Bit, WR_UNCOR Bit, and PBLOCK Bit (Part 1 of 2)
WR_UNCOR
PBLOCK
More than
one logical
block per
physical
block. a
0
Yes or No
Write only the specified logical block using
the value in the BYTE TRANSFER
LENGTH field.
No
Terminate the WRITE LONG command
with CHECK CONDITION status with the
sense key set to ILLEGAL REQUEST and
the additional sense code set to INVALID
FIELD IN CDB.
Yes
Write the entire physical block containing
the specified logical block using the value in
the BYTE TRANSFER LENGTH field.
Yes or No
Mark only the specified logical block as
containing a pseudo unrecovered error with
correction enabled (see 4.17.2) in a manner
that causes the device server to perform the
maximum error recovery as defined by the
Read-Write Error Recovery mode page (see
6.4.8). Ignore the BYTE TRANSFER
LENGTH field, and transfer no data.
No
Terminate the WRITE LONG command
with CHECK CONDITION status with the
sense key set to ILLEGAL REQUEST and
the additional sense code set to INVALID
FIELD IN CDB.
0
1
0
0
1
1
Yes
Description
Mark the entire physical block containing
the specified logical block as containing a
pseudo unrecovered error with correction
enabled (i.e., mark all of the logical blocks
in the same physical block that contains the
specified logical block as containing a
pseudo unrecovered error with correction
enabled) (see 4.17.2).
Ignore the BYTE TRANSFER LENGTH
field, and transfer no data.
An entry of “Yes” means that the LOGICAL BLOCKS PER PHYSICAL BLOCK EXPONENT field in the READ
CAPACITY (16) parameter data (see 5.16.2) is set to a non-zero value. An entry of “No” means that the field is set to zero.
a
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Table 242:
COR_DIS
COR_DIS Bit, WR_UNCOR Bit, and PBLOCK Bit (Part 2 of 2)
WR_UNCOR
PBLOCK
0
More than
one logical
block per
physical
block. a
Yes or No
No
1
0
1
Yes
Description
Mark only the specified logical block as
containing a pseudo unrecovered error with
correction disabled (see 4.18.2).
Write only the specified logical block using
the value in the BYTE TRANSFER
LENGTH field.
Terminate the WRITE LONG command
with CHECK CONDITION status with the
sense key set to ILLEGAL REQUEST and
the additional sense code set to INVALID
FIELD IN CDB.
Mark the entire physical block containing
the specified logical block as containing a
pseudo unrecovered error with correction
disabled (i.e., mark all of the logical blocks
in the same physical block that contains the
specified logical block as containing a
pseudo unrecovered error with correction
disabled) (see 4.18.2).
Write the entire physical block containing
the specified logical block using the value in
the BYTE TRANSFER LENGTH field.
0
Yes or No
Mark only the specified logical block as
containing a pseudo unrecovered error with
correction disabled (see 4.18.2).
Ignore the BYTE TRANSFER LENGTH
field and transfer no data.
No
1
1
1
Yes
Terminate the WRITE LONG command
with CHECK CONDITION status with the
sense key set to ILLEGAL REQUEST and
the additional sense code set to INVALID
FIELD IN CDB.
Mark the entire physical block containing
the specified logical block as containing a
pseudo unrecovered error with correction
disabled (i.e., mark all of the logical blocks
in the same physical block that contains the
specified logical block as containing a
pseudo unrecovered error with correction
disabled) (see 4.18.2).
Ignore the BYTE TRANSFER LENGTH
field and transfer no data.
An entry of “Yes” means that the LOGICAL BLOCKS PER PHYSICAL BLOCK EXPONENT field in the READ
CAPACITY (16) parameter data (see 5.17.2) is set to a non-zero value. An entry of “No” means that the field is set to zero.
a
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
Logical Block Address specifies the logical block at which the write operation shall occur.

Byte Transfer Length must specify the exact number of bytes of data available for transfer. If a non-zero
byte transfer length does not match the available data length, the Target terminates the command with
Check Condition status, then the sense key is set to Illegal Request, and an additional sense code is set to
Invalid Field in CDB.

The Valid and ILI bits are set to one and the information field is set to the difference of the requested length
minus the actual length in bytes. Negative values are indicated by two's complement notation.

Transfer length may be zero (see table above) or is calculated as follows:
Transfer Length = Logical Block Size + Protection Information Size + CRC Size (PBLOCK=0)
Transfer Length = (8 * Logical Block Size) + (8 * Protection Information Size) + (8 * CRC Size) (PBLOCK=1)
Where the Protection Information Size is either 0 (Protection Mode 0) or 8 (Protection Mode 1 or 2) and CRC Size is 4.

The transfer data (if transfer length > 0) includes the following:
For PBLOCK = 0:
[user data logical block] [protection data, if any] [CRC]
For PBLOCK = 1:
[user data logical block (aligned) n] [protection data, if any] [CRC]
[user data logical block n + 1] [protection data, if any] [CRC]
[user data logical block n + 7] [protection data, if any] [CRC]
Note: Since the ECC bytes are not included in the Read Long data, ECC correction capability cannot be tested using
Read/Write Long.
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16.66 WRITE LONG (16) - (9F/11)
See WRITE LONG (10) - (3F) for a description of the fields.
Table 243:
WRITE LONG (16) - (9F/11)
Bit
Byte
7
6
4
3
2
1
Operation Code (9Fh)
0
1
5
COR_DIS
WR_UNCOR
PBLOCK
Service Action (11h)
2-9
Logical Block Address
10-11
Reserved
12-13
Byte Transfer Length
14
Reserved
15
Control
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0
16.67 WRITE SAME (10) - (41)
The WRITE SAME (10) command instructs the Target to write a single block of data transferred to the Target from
the Initiator to a number of sequential logical blocks. This command is useful for writing large data areas without
sending all of the data over the SCSI bus. See the WRITE (10) command description for the definition of the
WRPROTECT field.
Table 244:
WRITE SAME (10) - (41)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
2
WRPROTECT
Anchor
Unmap
PBDATA=0
2-5
Logical Block Address
6
Reserved
7-8
Number of Blocks
9
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.





1
0
LBDATA=0
Obsolete
Command Code = 41h
0
1
3
Anchor bit is ignored.
Unmap when set to 1, the Write Same will result in one of the following:
- The LBA range (specified in the CDB) being anchored, since the drive is resource provisioned, as long
as the data in the data out descriptor matches what would be expected on a subsequent read (i.e., data
out buffer of all zeros for data and, if provided, all 0xFFs for the protection information).
- Normal WRITE SAME operation (same data out buffer written to all logical blocks within the LBA
range specified).
Logical Block Address specifies the address at which the write begins.
Number of Blocks specifies the number of contiguous blocks to be written. If the number is zero, all of the
remaining blocks on the specified logical unit are written.
RelAdr Relative Block Address is not supported and must be set to be 0.
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16.68 WRITE SAME (16) - (93)
See WRITE SAME (10) - (41) for a description of all the fields.
Table 245:
WRITE SAME (16) - (93)
Bit
Byte
7
6
4
3
2
1
0
PBDATA = 0
LBDATA = 0
Obsolete
Command Code = 93h
0
1
5
WRPROTECT
Anchor
Unmap
2-9
Logical Block Address
10-13
Number of Blocks
14
Reserved
15
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
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16.69 WRITE SAME (32) - (7F/0D)
WRITE SAME (32) will request that the drive write a single block of data transferred from the initiator to drive for a
number of sequential logical blocks. This command is useful for writing large data areas with the same data, without
sending all of the data over the interface. Each logical block transferred includes user data and may include
protection information, based on the WRPROTECT field and the drive format. Each logical block written includes
user data and, if the drive is formatted with protection information enabled, protection information.
Table 246:
WRITE SAME (32) - (7F/0D)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
0
Command Code = 7Fh
1
Control Byte - Refer to Section 16.1.
2-5
Reserved
Reserved
6
Additional CDB Length = 18h
8-9
Service Action = 000Dh
WRPROTECT
0
LBDATA=0
Reserved
Group Number = 0
7
10
1
Anchor
Unmap
PBDATA=0
11
Reserved
12-19
Logical Block Address
20-23
Expected Initial Logical Block Reference Tag
24-25
Expected Logical Block Application Tag
26-27
Logical Block Application Tag Mask
28-31
Number of Blocks

If the drive is formatted with type 2 protection (PROT_EN=1 and P_TYPE=001b in the READ
CAPACITY (16) parameter data), then this command will be processed normally. Any other protection
types will result in Check Condition status to be returned with sense key of Illegal Request and additional
sense code of Invalid Command Operation Code

Expected Initial Logical Block Reference Tag contains the value of the Logical Block Reference Tag field
expected in the protection information of the first logical block accessed by the command.
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
If the ATO bit is set to one in Mode Page 0Ah, the Logical Block Application Tag Mask field contains a
value that is a bit mask for enabling the checking of the Logical Block Application Tag field in the
protection information for each logical block accessed by the command. A Logical Block Application Tag
Mask bit set to one enables the checking of the corresponding bit of the Expected Logical Block
Application Tag field with the corresponding bit of the Logical Block Application Tag field in the
protection information.

If the ATO bit is set to zero, the Logical Block Application Tag Mask field and the Expected Logical Block
Application Tag field are ignored.
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16.70 SCSI Status Byte
A Status Byte is sent to the initiator upon the completion of a command. Additional sense information may also be
available depending on the contents of the Status Byte. This section describes the possible values for the Status Byte
and Sense Data. The Reserved fields are set to zero.
Table 247:
SCSI Status Byte. Format of the SCSI Status Byte
Bit
7
6
5
Reserved
Status Byte
4
3
2
Status Code
1
0
RSVD
Description
00h
GOOD
The command successfully completed.
002
CHECK CONDITION
An error, exception, or abnormal condition has been
detected. The sense data is set by the drive. The REQUEST
SENSE command should be issued to determine the nature
of the condition.
08h
BUSY
This condition is returned when disconnect privilege is not
granted while the drive is BUSY processing the other
command for the other initiator. The normal initiator
recovery action is to issue the command at a later time or to
reissue the command and grant the disconnect privilege.
18h
RESERVATION CONFLICT
This status is returned whenever an SCSI device attempts to
access the drive, but it has been reserved by another
initiator.
28h
QUEUE FULL
This status indicates that the command queue of the target
is full. If a tagged command queuing feature is enabled and
there is no room on the command queue, this status is
returned when the initiator sends a command. For this
status, the sense data is not valid.
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16.71 Additional Information
This chapter provides additional information or descriptions of various functions, features, or operating models
supported by the Target that are not fully described in previous chapters.
16.72 SCSI Protocol
There are various operating conditions that prevent the Target from executing a SCSI command. This section
describes each of these operating conditions and their relative priority.
16.72.1 Priority of SCSI Status Byte Reporting
After establishing the I_T_L nexus or I_T_L_Q nexus the Target must first determine whether command execution
is allowed. Execution is deferred until a later time if the command must be added to the command queue. Execution
may also be prevented by an internal Target condition that requires the reporting of a Check Condition, Queue Full,
Busy, or Reservation Conflict Status. There are several different internal conditions to be active at the same time.
The order in which the Target checks for each of these conditions determines their priority (highest priority first) as
follows:
1.
Check Condition status for invalid Logical Unit Number. See Invalid LUN Processing.
2.
Check Condition status for Incorrect Initiator Connection.
3.
Check Condition status for Unit Attention Condition. See Unit Attention Condition.
4.
Busy Status or Queue Full Status. See Command Processing During Execution of Active I/O Process.
5.
Check Condition status for Deferred Error Condition. See Deferred Error Condition,
6.
Check Condition status during Startup and Format operations. See Command Processing During Startup,
Format and Sanitize Operations.
7.
Reservation Conflict Status. See Command Processing while Reserved.
8.
Check Condition status for invalid command Opcode.
9.
Check Condition status for invalid command descriptor block.
10. The highest priority internal condition that prevents command execution is reported by the Target provided
there is no bus error.
11. For all Check Conditions, the Sense Data is built by the target, provided a valid LUN address is known.
Sense Data is cleared by the Target upon receipt of any subsequent command to the LUN from the initiator
receiving the Check Condition.
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16.72.2 Invalid LUN Processing
Any value other than zero in the FCP_LUN field of the FCP_CMD IU is invalid. The target's response to an invalid
LUN varies with the command, as follows:
1.
2.
3.
Inquiry: Execute the command, return the INQUIRY data that indicates unknown device type (byte 0 =
7Fh), and return GOOD status. All other bytes are valid. See INQUIRY (12).
Request Sense: Execute the command, return the sense data with the Sense Key set to Illegal Request and
the Additional Sense Code and Additional Sense Code Qualifier set to LOGICAL UNIT NOT
SUPPORTED, and return GOOD status. See REQUEST SENSE (03).
All Others: Do not execute the command and return CHECK CONDITION status, along with the autosense data with the Sense Key set to Illegal Request and the Additional Sense Code and Additional Sense
Code Qualifier set to LOGICAL UNIT NOT SUPPORTED.
In all cases, the target's response to the command for an invalid LUN does not affect the current execution of a
command on the valid LUN for this initiator or any other initiator.
16.72.3 Command Processing During Execution of Active I/O Process
When the target is not executing any I/O processes, a new I/O process is permitted to execute (unless execution is
prevented by another internal target condition listed in 18.1.1, “Priority of SCSI Status Byte Reporting” on page
267). If an active I/O process exists when the target receives a new command, then the target determines if:
1.
2.
3.
4.
The command is permitted to execute.
The command is added to the queue.
Queue Full status is to be returned.
Busy status is to be returned.
If an active I/O process exists when the target receives a new command, then the target determines how the new
command should be handled according to the following rules:
1.
2.
Check Condition status is returned with sense key set to Logical Unit Not Ready if:
The startup operation or a format operation is active. See Command Processing During Startup, Format
and Sanitize Operations for the exact conditions which cause this response.
Note: If a Unit Attention is pending when this condition exists, the sense key is set to Unit Attention rather than
Logical Unit Not Ready since Unit Attention has a higher reporting priority (see Priority of SCSI Status Byte
Reporting).
The command is permitted to execute if:
1.
2.
The command is a priority command. See Priority Commands.
The conditions to execute concurrently are met. See Concurrent I/O Process.
The command is added to the queue if:
1.
2.
Any I/O process already exists at the target, and;
This is not an incorrect initiator connection.
Queue Full Status is returned if:
1.
2.
3.
4.
The command would otherwise be added to the queue (according to the rules described above), but all slots
in the queue are full, or;
The command would otherwise be added to the queue (according to the rules described above), but all of
the available queue slots not reserved for use by another initiator are full, or;
A Format Unit command was previously queued but has not yet begun execution, or;
The target is in a Degraded Mode (see Degraded Mode) and a Start Unit command was previously queued
but has not yet begun execution.
Busy status is never returned.
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16.72.4 Unit Attention Condition
The target will generate a unit attention condition when one of the following occurs:
1.
The target has been reset.
This includes a power-on reset or a reset caused by a Target Reset Task Management function or Reset
LIP. In all of these cases, a unit attention condition is generated for each initiator. In addition, a process
login (PRLI) will cause a Unit Attention Condition Power-On Reset for that initiator with an Additional
Sense Code and Additional Sense Code Qualifier reported as Power-On Reset, Power-On Reset Occurred.
2.
MODE SELECT has been executed.
A unit attention condition is generated for all initiators except the one that issued the MODE SELECT
command. The Additional Sense Code and Additional Sense Code Qualifier reported is MODE
PARAMETERS CHANGED. The unit attention condition is generated if any of the current page
parameters are set by the MODE SELECT command. The target does not check to see that the old
parameters are different from the new parameters. For example, if the initiator issues a MODE SENSE
command with a page code to report the current values followed by a MODE SELECT command with the
same parameter list, a unit attention condition is generated despite the fact that the current parameters were
not changed from their previous value. However, if the target detects an illegal parameter or error condition
prior to modifying the current parameters, a unit attention condition is not generated since the parameters
were not set. The unit attention condition is also not generated if the MODE SELECT command parameter
list does not include any pages and only the header or header/block descriptor is present.
3.
FORMAT UNIT has been executed.
A unit attention condition is generated for all initiators except the one that issued the FORMAT UNIT
command. The Additional Sense Code and Additional Sense Code Qualifier reported is NOT READY TO
READY TRANSITION, (MEDIUM MAY HAVE CHANGED). This indicates that the block descriptor
parameters from the last MODE SELECT command have been used and are now considered current
values.
4.
WRITE BUFFER/DOWNLOAD MICROCODE has been executed.
A unit attention condition is generated for all initiators except the one that issued the WRITE BUFFER
command. The Additional Sense Code and Additional Sense Code Qualifier reported is MICROCODE
HAS BEEN CHANGED.
5.
Commands Cleared by another initiator.
This unit attention condition is generated after an initiator sends a Clear Task Set Task Management
function. The unit attention condition is generated for all other initiators with I/O processes that were either
active or queued for the logical unit. The Additional Sense Code and Additional Sense Code Qualifier
reported is COMMANDS CLEARED BY ANOTHER INITIATOR.
6.
LOG SELECT with PCR bit has cleared parameters.
A unit attention condition is generated for all initiators except the one that issued the LOG SELECT
command. The additional sense code and additional sense code qualifier reported is Log Select Parameters
Changed.
7.
The registration or reservation made by a PERSISTENT RESERVED OUT command was cleared by
another initiator.
A unit attention condition is generated for the initiator that held the cleared registration or reservation.
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8.
A Predictive Failure Analysis threshold has been reached and the Method of Reporting field of mode page
1Ch is 2h.
The unit attention condition persists for each initiator until that initiator clears the condition from the
logical unit as described below. Several commands are handled as special cases during a unit attention
condition. These cases are also discussed below.
If the target receives a command from an initiator before reporting a CHECK CONDITION status for a pending unit
attention condition for that initiator, the target's response varies with the command as follows:
Command
Response
INQUIRY
Execute the command, return a GOOD status, and preserve the unit attention
condition.
REPORT LUNS
Same as above.
REQUEST SENSE
Execute the command, return any pending sense data, return GOOD status, and
preserve the unit attention condition. If there is not any pending sense data, the sense
data associated with the highest priority unit attention condition is returned and the
highest priority unit attention condition is cleared for this initiator.
All Others
Do not execute the command, return a CHECK CONDITION status, clear the highest
priority unit attention condition for this initiator and return the associated sense data.
More than one unit attention condition may be generated for an initiator before that initiator clears the unit attention
condition.
16.72.5 Command Processing During Startup, Format and Sanitize
Operations
If the Target receives a command from an Initiator while the Target is executing a startup, format or sanitize
operation, the response of the Target varies with the command as follows:
Command
Response
INQUIRY
The drive sends the inquiry data and returns the appropriate status.
REQUEST SENSE
Executes the command, returns a Sense Key of NOT READY and an Additional
Sense Code of LOGICAL UNIT NOT READY and a GOOD STATUS.
The return of the Additional Sense Code Qualifier is dependent upon the type of I/O
processes that are active:
For the START/STOP UNIT and the Auto-Start operations, the qualifier that is
returned is LOGICAL UNIT IS IN PROCESS OF BECOMING READY.
For the FORMAT UNIT command, the qualifier returned is LOGICAL UNIT NOT
READY, FORMAT IN PROGRESS.
For the SANITIZE command, the qualifier returned is LOGICAL UNIT NOT
READY, SANITIZE IN PROGRESS. For these cases, the Sense Key specific bytes
are set to return the progress indication.
REPORT LUNS
The drive will send REPORT LUNS data and appropriate status.
ALL OTHERS
The drive terminates the command with a CHECK CONDITION status. The Sense
Data that is generated is described in REQUEST SENSE.
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16.72.6 Internal Error Condition
The Target generates an Internal Error condition for all Initiators when an internally initiated operation ends with an
unrecoverable error.
An Internal Error condition causes Sense Data to be generated and saved for all Initiators. The Error Code field of
the Sense is set for a Current Error (70h) and the Sense Key is set to HARDWARE ERROR. Recovered errors are
not reported.
The Internal Error condition persists for each Initiator until that Initiator clears the condition from the logical unit as
described below. Several commands are handled as special cases during an Internal Error condition. These cases are
also discussed.
If the Target receives a command from an Initiator while an Internal Error condition exists for that Initiator, the
response of the Target varies with the command as follows:
Command
Response
INQUIRY
The drive executes the command with GOOD status and does not clear the Internal
Error condition.
REPORT LUNS
The drive executes the command with GOOD status and does not clear the Internal
Error condition.
REQUEST SENSE
The drive executes the command, returns the sense data generated by the Internal
Error condition, returns Good Status, and clears the Internal Error condition for that
Initiator.
ALL OTHERS
The drive terminates the command with a CHECK CONDITION status and clears
the Internal Error condition.
16.72.7 Deferred Error Condition
Error Code (71h) of Sense Data indicates that the Check Condition status returned is the result of an error or
exception condition that occurred during execution of a previous command for which Good status has already been
returned.
The drive creates a Deferred Error condition when:
1.
Execution of a FORMAT UNIT command with the Immediate bit of one (1) ends with an error.
2.
Execution of a SANITIZE command with the Immediate bit of one (1) ends with an error.
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16.72.8 Degraded Mode
There are certain errors or conditions that may impair the ability of the drive to function normally. Rather than
completely fail, the drive is designed to be as responsive as possible. Also, in most cases, some action on the part of
the initiator may be used to restore normal operation. This mode of limited operation is called Degraded Mode.
There are four (4) degraded drive modes:
1.
Degraded Mode, which could be caused by one of the following conditions:
1.
Context Load was started (by POR or Unit Start command) and the Target is under SelfConfiguration.
2.
Context Load Failure (Disable Logical).
3.
Unit Stop command was issued after the Target successfully completed the Self-Configuration.
2.
Self-Configuration Failure Degraded, which can be caused by a RAM Code, Read Failure.

Format Command Failure Degraded. This condition will occur when a FORMAT UNIT command
failed or underwent abnormal interruption (Mode Page 0, Byte 5, Bit 4, FDD Controls Format Degraded
Mode). The exception to this rule is that a format may fail due to insufficient reserves on the drive. If this
occurs, the drive will not be put into a degraded state.

Sanitize Command Failure Degraded. This condition will occur if the SANITIZE command fails.
16.72.8.1 Response to SCSI Command in Degraded Mode - Becoming Ready
Table 248:
Response to SCSI Command in Degraded Mode - Becoming Ready
Command (w/Option)
Response
REQUEST SENSE
Executed. The Target may return Sense Key 02h (Not Ready) ASC/ASCQ
0401h (In Process of Becoming Ready).
INQUIRY, REPORT LUNS
Executed.
TEST UNIT READY
Executed, and a Check Condition is returned with Sense Key 02h (Not
Ready) ASC/ASCQ 0401h (In Process of Becoming Ready).
START STOP UNIT (Start)
Executed.
- Success: GOOD status is returned. Media Degraded Mode is cleared.
- Context Load Failure: Check Condition with Sense Key 04h
(Hardware Error) ASC/ASCQ 4400h (Internal Target Error).
- Self- Configuration Failure: Check Condition with Sense Key 04h
(Hardware Error) ASC/ASCQ 4080h (Diag Fail- Bring up Fail).
Other Commands
Not Executed. Check Condition Status is returned with Sense Key 02h (Not
Ready) ASC/ASCQ 0401h (In Process of Becoming Ready).
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16.72.8.2 Response to SCSI Command in Degraded Mode - Context Load
Table 249:
Response to SCSI Command in Degraded Mode - Context Load
Command (w/Option)
Response
REQUEST SENSE
Executed. The Target may return Sense Key 04h (Hardware Error)
ASC/ASCQ 4400h (Internal Target Failure).
INQUIRY, REPORT LUNS
Executed.
TEST UNIT READY
Executed and Check Condition is returned with Sense Key 04h (Hardware
Error) ASC/ASCQ 4400h (Internal Target Failure).
START STOP UNIT (Start)
Executed.
- Success: GOOD Status is returned. Media Degraded Mode is cleared.
- Context Load Failure: Check Condition with Sense Key 04h
(Hardware Error) ASC/ASCQ 4400h (Internal Target Failure).
- Self-Configuration Failure: Check Condition with Sense Key 04h
(Hardware Error) ASC/ASCQ 4080h (Diag Fail- Bring up Fail).
START STOP UNIT (Stop)
Executed. GOOD Status is returned. Media Degraded Mode is NOT cleared.
WRITE BUFFER
(Download and Save)
Executed. GOOD Status is returned. Media Degraded Mode is replaced with
Format Command Failure Degraded Mode.
Other Commands
Not Executed. Check Condition Status is returned with Sense Key 04h
(Hardware Error) ASC/ASCQ 4400h (Internal Target Failure.
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16.72.8.3 Response to SCSI Command in Degraded Mode - Drive Issued or Received Unit
Stop Command
Table 250:
Media Degraded Mode - Drive Issued/Received Unit Stop Command
Command (w/Option)
Response
REQUEST SENSE
Executed. The Target may return Sense Key 02h (Not Ready) ASC/ASCQ
0402h (Initialize Command Required)
INQUIRY, REPORT LUNS
Executed.
TEST UNIT READY
Executed and Check Condition is returned with Sense Key 02h (Not Ready)
ASC/ASCQ 0402h (Initialize Command Required).
START STOP UNIT (Start)
Executed.
- Success: GOOD Status is returned. Media Degraded Mode is cleared.
- Context Load Failure: Check Failure: Check Condition with Sense Key
04h (Hardware Error) ASC/ASCQ 4400h (Internal Target Failure).
- Self-Configuration Failure: Check Condition with Sense Key 04h
(Hardware Error) ASC/ASCQ 4080h (Diag Fail- Bring up Fail).
START/STOP UNIT (Stop)
Executed. GOOD Status is returned. Media Degraded Mode is NOT cleared.
Other Commands
Not Executed. Check Condition Status is returned with Sense Key 04h
(Hardware Error) ASC/ASCQ 4400h (Internal Target Failure).
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16.72.8.4 Self-Configuration Failure Degraded Mode
Table 251:
Self-Configuration Failure Degraded Mode
Command (w/Option)
Response
REQUEST SENSE
Executed. The Target may return Sense Key 04h (Hardware Error) ASC/ASCQ
4080h (Diag Fail- Bring up Fail).
INQUIRY, REPORT LUNS
Executed.
TEST UNIT READY
Executed and Check Condition is returned with Sense Key 04h (Hardware
Error) ASC/ASCQ 4080h (Diag Fail- Bring up Fail).
START STOP UNIT (Start)
Executed.
WRITE BUFFER
(Download and Save)
Other Commands.
-
Success: Good Status is returned. Media Degraded Mode is cleared.
-
Context Load Failure: Check Condition with Sense Key 04h
(Hardware Error) ASC/ASCQ 4400h (Internal Target Failure).
-
Self Configuration Failure: Check Condition with Sense Key 04h
(Hardware Error) ASC/ASCQ 4080h (Diag Fail- Bring up Fail).
Executed.
-
Success: Good Status is returned. Media Degraded Mode is cleared.
-
Self-Configuration Failure: Check Condition with Sense Key 04h
(Hardware Error) ASC/ASCQ 4080h (Diag Fail- Bring up Fail).
-
Sense Key 02h (Not Ready) ASC/ASCQ 4085h (Diag Fail-RAM code
NOT load).
Not Executed. Check Condition Status is returned with Sense Key 04h
(Hardware Error) ASC/ASCQ 4080h (Diag Fail- Bring up Fail).
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16.72.8.5 Format Command Failure Degraded Mode
Table 252:
Format Command Failure Degraded Mode
Command (w/Option)
Response
REQUEST SENSE
Executed. The Target may return:
Sense Key 02h (Not Ready) ASC/ASCQ 3100h (Format Corrupted).
Sense Key 03h (Medium Error) ASC/ASCQ 3100h (Format Corrupted).
INQUIRY, REPORT LUNS
Executed.
TEST UNIT READY
Executed and Check Condition is returned with Sense Key 02h (Not Ready)
ASC/ASCQ 3100h (Format Corrupted).
FORMAT UNIT
Executed.
- Success: Good Status is returned. Format Degraded Mode is cleared.
- Failure: Check Condition Status is returned and Format Degraded Mode is
NOT cleared.
WRITE BUFFER
(Download and Save)
Executed.
Other Commands
Not Executed. Check Condition Status is returned with Sense Key 03h
(Medium Error) ASC/ASCQ 3100h (Format Corrupted).
- Success: Good Status is returned. Write Buffer is not cleared.
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16.72.8.6 Sanitize Command Failure Degraded Mode
Table 253:
Sanitize Command Failure Degraded Mode
Command (w/Option)
Response
REQUEST SENSE
Executed. The Target will return:
Sense Key 03h (Medium Error) ASC/ASCQ 3103h (Sanitize Command
Failed).
INQUIRY, REPORT LUNS
Executed.
TEST UNIT READY
Executed and Check Condition is returned with Sense Key 03h (Medium Error)
ASC/ASCQ 3103h ( Sanitize Command Failed).
SANITIZE
Executed.
- Success: Good Status is returned. Sanitize Failed. Degraded Mode is cleared.
- Failure: Check Condition Status is returned and Sanitize Failed Degraded
Mode is NOT cleared.
Other Commands
Not Executed. Check Condition Status is returned with Sense Key 03h
(Medium Error) ASC/ASCQ 3103h (Sanitize Command Failed).
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16.72.8.7 Command Processing while Reserved
A logical unit is reserved after successful execution of the Reserve command. Each time a Reserve command is
executed successfully, the Target records the SCSI ID of the Initiator that made the reservation and the SCSI ID of
the Initiator that is to receive the reservation. This information is needed to determine whether subsequent
commands should be permitted or if the Reservation Conflict Status should be reported. The Initiator that made the
reservation is the Initiator that issued the Reserve command. The Initiator to receive the reservation may be either
the same or a different Initiator (third-party reservation).
If the logical unit is reserved when a new command is received, the Target examines the command opcode and the
SCSI ID of the issuing Initiator to determine whether a Reservation Conflict Status should be returned based on the
following rules:
1.
If the issuing Initiator is the one that made the reservation and also the one to receive the reservation, then
all commands are permitted.
2.
If the issuing Initiator is neither the one that made the reservation nor the one to receive the reservation,
then:
3.
4.
1.
A Request Sense or Inquiry command is permitted.
2.
A Release command is permitted but ignored.
3.
Any other command results in a Reservation Conflict Status.
4.
A Release command is permitted but is ignored.
If the issuing Initiator is the one that made the reservation but is not the one to receive the reservation, then:
1.
An Inquiry, Request Sense, Reserve, or Release command is permitted.
2.
Any other command results in a Reservation Conflict Status.
If the issuing Initiator is not the one that made the reservation but is the one to receive the reservation, then:
1.
A Reserve command results in a Reservation Conflict Status.
2.
A Release command is permitted but is ignored.
3.
Any other command is permitted.
If a Reservation Conflict Status is not reported and the command is permitted, then the Target checks the next
highest priority internal condition to determine whether execution is allowed. See Priority of SCSI Status Byte
Reporting.
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16.73 Priority Commands
Certain SCSI commands always execute without returning a Busy Status or Reservation Conflict Status in response
to the command. These commands are:

INQUIRY

REQUEST SENSE

REPORT LUNS

TEST UNIT READY
These commands are executed prior to attempting to complete the execution of any other pending command in the
queue. These commands are never queued.
16.74 Command Queuing
The drive supports command queuing.
16.74.1 Queue Depth
Any initiator can queue at least one command at any time irrespective of the actions of any other initiators in the
system. A single initiator may queue up to 128 commands, if no other initiator has more than one command in the
queue.
16.74.2 Queue Full Status
The drive will respond with QUEUE FULL status to a SCSI command when all queue slots are utilized. The SCSI
command is not placed in the command queue under this condition.
16.74.3 Termination of I/O Processes
Normal termination of I/O processes occurs when the target returns SCSI status. I/O processes may also be
terminated by the following:

An ABORT TASK terminates the specified I/O process from the issuing initiator:

An ABORT TASK SET or I_T NEXUS LOSS event terminates all I/O processes from the issuing initiator.

A CLEAR TASK SET, LUN RESET or reset terminates all I/O processes from all initiators.
16.75 Command Reordering
Command reordering is always enabled.
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16.76 Concurrent I/O Process
Read and Write commands are allowed to execute concurrently. Priority commands are allowed to execute
concurrently with other commands. A second priority command received while a priority command is being
executed is put at the head of the command queue.
16.77 Write Cache
Write caching is always enabled. PLI circuitry ensures data integrity. Errors on write commands are reported
immediately. Deferred errors will not occur on write commands.
16.78 Automatic Rewrite/Reallocate
The target supports auto reallocation for all media access commands. Auto reallocation cannot be disabled, and the
ARRE setting is ignored.
16.79 Multiple Initiator Support
This section describes how the target behaves in a multiple initiator system. Up to 64 initiators may be supported at
any one time.
16.79.1 Sense Data
A separate sense data area is reserved for each initiator. Each area is maintained independently. This allows a
command from one initiator to complete with a CHECK CONDITION status and generate sense data without being
affected by a subsequent command from a different initiator. There is no requirement for the first initiator to send a
REQUEST SENSE command to retrieve the Sense Data prior to the execution of a command from a different
initiator.
16.79.2 Mode Pages
A single set of Mode pages is maintained. This includes both current and saved parameters. If a MODE SELECT
command is executed that updates the current parameters, a unit attention condition is generated for all initiators
except the one that issued the command. See Unit Attention Condition for more information.
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16.80 Reset
Reset actions will return the drive to a known, initialized state. This device supports the reset sources as discussed in
the following sections.
16.80.1 Reset Sources
There are four sources of resets detected by the target:
Reset Name
Reset Source
Power-On Reset
This is the signal generated by the hardware at initial
power-on.
Self-Initiated Reset
This is a software-generated reset that occurs when a
catastrophic error is detected by the microcode.
OOB Hard Reset
This is an OOB Hard Reset Sequence received on the
SAS interface.
LUN Reset
This is an SSP command frame with the LUN RESET
TMF flag set.
16.80.2 Reset Actions
The action taken by the drive following a reset is dependent on the source of the reset.
16.80.2.1 Power-On Reset and Self-Initiated Reset
These two reset conditions cause the following to be performed in the order shown:
1.
A power-up sequence.
2.
A startup sequence is necessary to put the drive in a ready state.
These reset conditions cause the following actions:

If the reset occurs during the power-up sequence, the power-up sequence is re-started.

If a start-up sequence has not yet completed, the start-up sequence is restarted. Note: The power-up
sequence is not re-run, since it has already completed.

If the reset occurs while a logical block is being written, the WRITE operation is disabled at the end of the
current block. The media is not corrupted.
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16.81 Diagnostics
The drive will execute Power-On Diagnostics at power-on time to assure the correct operation of the drive by
validating components (RAM, SPI Flash, HDC, PLI Capacitor), checking stored information in the Reserved Area
and SPI Flash, and verifying fault detects circuits. The SEND DIAGNOSTIC command can be used to invoke a
self-test.
16.81.1 Power-On Diagnostics
At power-on time the following tests are executed:
1.
Validation of SPI Flash.
2.
RAM test for internal RAM.
3.
Test and Initialize HDC registers.
4.
RAM test for customer RAM.
5.
PLI self-test.
6.
Validation of code and data from the Reserved Area.
Faults detected before successful completion of Step 3 could prevent the drive from responding to a selection on the
host interface.
Faults detected after the successful completion of Step 3 will be reported as a CHECK CONDITION status to the
Initiator on the first command issued after a fault is detected (except for the INQUIRY, REPORT LUNS and
REQUEST SENSE commands). The INQUIRY, REPORT LUNS and REQUEST SENSE commands will always
be responded with a GOOD status.
16.81.2 Self-Test via SEND DIAGNOSTIC Command
16.81.2.1 Default Self-Test
The default self-test is invoked by the SlfTst bit in the SEND DIAGNOSTIC command. The response is simply a
GOOD status if the test is successful or a CHECK CONDITION status if the test fails. The following tests are
performed by the default self-test (in the order defined):
1.
Logical Enable Check to determine if the media is accessible logically.
2.
Write, Read and Compare test is a drive read/write test. It writes data to a predefined location in the
reserved area and then reads it back and validates the content.
16.81.2.2 Short Self-Tests and Extended Self-Tests
There are two other types of self-tests that may be invoked using the Function Code field in the SEND
DIAGNOSTIC command: a short self-test and an extended self-test. The tests performed in the short and extended
self-tests are described later. The time required by a logical unit to complete its extended self- test is specified in the
Extended Self-Test Completion Time field in the Control Mode Page. The results of self-test can be retrieved via the
LOG SENSE command for Log Page 10.
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16.81.2.3 Self-Test Modes
There are two modes for short and extended self-tests: a foreground mode and a background mode. These modes are
described in the following clauses.
16.81.2.3.1 Foreground Mode
When the drive receives a SEND DIAGNOSTIC command specifying a self-test to be performed in the foreground
mode, the drive will return status for that command after the self-test has been completed. While performing a selftest in the foreground mode, the drive will respond to all commands except INQUIRY, REPORT LUNS, and
REQUEST SENSE with a CHECK CONDITION status, a sense key of NOT READY and an additional sense code
of LOGICAL UNIT NOT READY - SELF-TEST IN PROGRESS.
If the drive is performing a self-test in the foreground mode and a test error occurs, the drive will update the self-test
results log page and report CHECK CONDITION status with a sense key of HARDWARE ERROR and an
additional sense code of LOGICAL UNIT FAILED SELF-TEST. The application client may obtain additional
information about the failure by reading the self-test results log page.
An application client may terminate a self-test that is being performed in the foreground mode using an ABORT
TASK, ABORT TASK SET, or CLEAR TASK SET task management function. If the drive receives an ABORT
TASK, ABORT TASK SET, or CLEAR TASK SET task management function while performing a self-test in the
foreground mode, it will abort the self-test and update the self-test results log page.
16.81.2.3.2 Background Mode
When the drive receives a SEND DIAGNOSTIC command specifying a self-test to be performed in the background
mode, the drive will return status for that command as soon as the command descriptor block has been validated.
After returning status for the SEND DIAGNOSTIC command specifying a self- test to be performed in the
background mode, the drive will initialize the self-test results log page as follows. The Function Code from the
SEND DIAGNOSTIC command will be placed in the Function Code field in the log page. The self-test Results field
shall be set to 0Fh. After the self-test results log page is initialized, the drive will begin the first self-test segment.
While the device server is performing a self-test in the background mode, it shall terminate with a CHECK
CONDITION status any SEND DIAGNOSTIC command it receives that meets one of the following criteria:
1.
The SlfTst bit is one.
2.
The Function Code field contains a value other than 000b or 100b.
When terminating the SEND DIAGNOSTIC command, the sense key shall be set to NOT READY and the
additional sense code shall be set to LOGICAL UNIT NOT READY, SELF-TEST in PROGRESS. While
performing a self-test in the background mode, the drive will suspend the self- test to service any other command
other than SEND DIAGNOSTIC (with Function Code field set to 100b) WRITE BUFFER (with the mode set to any
download microcode option), FORMAT UNIT and START UNIT STOP command. Suspension of the self-test to
service the command will occur within 2 seconds. If SEND DIAGNOSTIC (with Function Code field set to 100b),
WRITE BUFFER (with the mode set to any download microcode option), FORMAT UNIT or START UNIT STOP
command is received, the drive will abort the self-test, update the self-test log, and service the command within two
seconds after the command descriptor block has been validated.
An application client may terminate a self-test that is being performed in the background mode by issuing a SEND
DIAGNOSTIC command with the Function Code field set to 100b (Abort background self-test function).
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16.81.2.3.3 Elements Common to Foreground and Background Self-Test Modes
The Progress Indication field returned in response to a REQUEST SENSE command may be used by the application
client at any time during execution of a self-test to poll the progress of the test. While executing a self-test unless an
error has occurred, the drive will respond to a REQUEST SENSE command by returning a sense key of NOT
READY and an additional sense code of LOGICAL UNIT NOT READY - SELF-TEST IN PROGRESS with the
sense key specific bytes set for progress indication.
The application client may obtain information about the twenty most recently completed self-tests by reading the
self-test results log page. This is the only method for an application client to obtain information about self-tests
performed in the background mode. The default self-test results are not logged in the log page.
16.81.2.3.4 Tests Performed in the Short and Extended Self-Test
The following table defines the tests performed in the short and extended self-test. They are defined by their
segment number which is also used to report Self-Test Results, in Log Sense Page 10. Note that the only difference
between the Short and the Extended tests, is the sequential verify test in segment 7h. Also note that either of these
tests can be run in foreground or background mode as previously described.
Table 254:
Short and Extended Self-Test Description
Segment
Short
Extended
Number
Self-Test
Self-Test
1h
Drive Ready Test
Internal check to insure drive is “ready”, similar
to a Test Unit Ready command.
2h
Drive Diagnostics
This test is comprised of the Default Self-Test as
defined in Section 16.81.2.1.
3h
PLI Test
Drain and recharge capacitors.
4h
SMART
Perform SMART testing and check results to
ensure that SMART threshold criteria are not
exceeded.
5h
Low-Level Format Check
Check to insure that the media is currently not in
the MEDIA FORMAT CORRUPTED state.
6h
Reserved Area Check
Write/Read test in a predefined location in the
drive's Reserved Area of the drive.
7h
Verify First
300MB
Verify Last
100MB
8h
Recheck SMART
Verify All LBAs
Description
Sequential verify operation. Ensure that no
uncorrectable errors occur within the verify
range.
Same as segment 4h.
16.81.2.4 Background Medium Scan
For a related function, see Mode Page 1Ch - Informational Exceptions Control.
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16.82 Idle Time Function
The drive periodically saves data in logs and S.M.A.R.T. counters in the reserved area of the drives. The information
is used by the drive to support various SCSI commands and for the purpose of failure analysis.
16.83 Command Time-Out Limits
The 'Command Time-Out Limits are defined as the time starting from the SCSI Arbitration phase through the SCSI
Task complete message, associated with a particular command.
16.83.1 Format Time
A full FORMAT UNIT command completes in under 10 minutes. A fast FORMAT UNIT command completes in
under 30 seconds.
16.83.2 Sanitize Time
Approximately 10-12 minutes should be allowed to complete a SANITIZE command.
16.83.3 START STOP UNIT Time
A START STOP UNIT command should normally complete in under 10 seconds; however, if a prior power
cycle was unsafe (i.e., a START STOP UNIT command with START=0 and IMMED=0 was not completed
prior to power off), the time-to-ready (or time to complete an initial START STOP UNIT command with
START=1) make take up to 30 seconds.
16.83.4 Time-Out Limits for Other Commands
The default timeout for all other commands is 5 seconds.
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16.84 Recommended Initiator ERP
The design points for error reporting to the system assumes certain system action for the error return codes. These
assumptions are:
1.
SCSI protocol will be the first priority in reporting errors.
2.
The system will maintain a log of all reported errors.
This section is directed toward documenting the assumptions made by the drive that the system is expected to
implement. The two error classes that the system should be concerned with are DATA and NON-DATA errors.
Data errors are those errors that deal with the handling of data to and from the MEDIA and are identified by the
Additional Sense Code contained in the sense data. The Additional Sense Codes for data errors are as follows:
1.
11 - Unrecovered Read Error
2.
17 - Recovered Read Error
Non-data errors are those errors that do not have a direct relationship with transferring data to and from the media.
Non-data errors can include data handling if the media is not associated with the error (i.e., interface errors).
The system action assumed for each class of error is outlined here.
16.84.1 Drive Service Strategy
The drive service strategy is defined so the customer will be able to use the system as soon after a failure is detected
as possible. The first priority is to replace the entire drive to make the system operational with minimal service time.
The service representative should:
1.
Back up all the customer data on this drive if possible.
2.
Replace the complete drive.
3.
Restore the customer data.
4.
Return the drive to customer service.
16.84.2 Recommendations for System Error Log
The system error log should contain information about the drive error that will allow recovery actions. The system
error logs should contain all the error information returned in the sense data. At a minimum, the following
information about each error occurrence should be logged:
1.
Valid Bit and Error Code (Sense Byte 0)
2.
Sense Key (Sense Byte 2)
3.
Information Bytes (Sense Bytes 3 through 6)
4.
Command Specific Information (Sense Bytes 8 through 11)
5.
Additional Sense Code (Sense Byte 12)
6.
Additional Sense Code Qualifier (Sense Byte 13)
7.
Field Replaceable Unit (Sense Byte 14)
8.
Sense Key Specific (Sense bytes 15, 16, and 17)
9.
Vendor Unique error information (Sense bytes 20 through 23)
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16.84.3 Data Recovery Procedure
No action can be taken on hard or soft read errors. Block retirement occurs automatically according to the block
retirement policy of the firmware. LBAs that report a hard read error will become readable after a write. Until a
write command is received for the affected LBAs, a hard error will be reported on a read to the affected LBAs.
16.84.4 Non-Data Error Recovery Procedure
The drive will follow a logical recovery procedure for non-data errors. The initiator options for non-data errors are
limited to logging the error, retrying the failing command, or replacing the drive.
These recovery procedures assume the initiator practices data back-up and logs errors at the system level for
interrogation by service personnel.
16.84.4.1 Drive Busy
The drive is busy performing an operation. This is not an error condition. The initiator can test for completion of the
operation by issuing Test Unit Ready (00) (or media access) commands.

If the TEST UNIT READY (00) (or media access) command completes with Check Condition status then
issues a REQUEST SENSE (03).

If the specified recovery procedure for the sense data is for a condition other than drive busy, follow the
recovery procedure for the condition reported.

If the specified recovery procedure for the sense data is for a drive busy condition, then continue re-issuing
the TEST UNIT READY (00) and REQUEST SENSE (03) commands for the duration of a media access
time-out or until the drive returns a GOOD status.

If the drive has been busy for longer than the limit specified in Section 18.12, Command Time out Limits,
then service the drive using the service guidelines recommended in Section 18.13.1, Drive Service Strategy;
otherwise, return to normal processing.

If the TEST UNIT READY (00) (or media access) command completes with a GOOD status, then return to
normal processing.
16.84.4.2 Unrecovered Drive Error
The initiator should retry the failing command.

If the retry of the failing command completes with a GOOD status or recovered Sense Key, follow the
recovery procedure in Section 18.13.4.3, Recovered Drive Error.

If the retry of the failing command completes with hardware error sense, verify there is no outside cause
(e.g., power supply) for the failure, then retry the failing command.

If the retry of the failing command completes with a GOOD status, follow the recovery procedure in
Section 18.13.4.3, Recovered Drive Error.

If the retry of the failing command completes with Recovered sense or Hardware error sense, then service
the drive using the service guideline recommended in Section 18.13.1, Drive Service Strategy.
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16.84.4.3 Recovered Drive Error
The Initiator should log the error as soft with the recovery level.
16.84.4.4 Drive Not Ready
The initiator should do the following:
1.
Issue a START STOP UNIT (1B) command.
2.
Verify that the drive becomes ready within the time specified Table 9, SSD Response Time.
3.
If the drive fails to become ready within the specified time, service the drive using the service guidelines
specified in Section 18.13.1, Drive Service Strategy.
4.
Retry the failing command.
5.
If the failing command completes with a GOOD status, log the error as recovered.
6.
If the failing command completes with a NOT READY sense, verify there is no outside cause (for example,
the power supply), and then service the drive using the service guidelines specified in Section 18.13.1,
Drive Service Strategy.
16.84.4.5 Degraded Mode
Please refer to Section 18.1.8, Degraded Mode for the definition of this state. There are four causes for entering
degraded mode. In the first three cases, the Sense Key is Not Ready, while in the fourth case the Sense Key is
Medium Error. The causes are the following:
1.
Sense Code/Qualifier of Logical Unit Not Ready, initializing command required. The media is not
accessible. This may not be an error condition. The initiator should issue a START STOP UNIT (1B)
command to enable media access. If the drive fails to come ready in the time specified in Section 18.12,
Command Time-Out Limits, service the drive using the service guideline recommended in Section 18.13.1,
Drive Service Strategy.
2.
Sense Code/Qualifier of Diagnostic Failure. Failure of a Send Diagnostic self-test, a startup sequence, or
other internal target failures.
3.
Failure of a send diagnostic self-test or a startup sequence.
This failure is the result of the diagnostics that are executed during power on or when the Send Diagnostic (1D)
command is executed detecting a failure. As with the RAM code not loaded and the configuration data not loaded,
the recovery is either a power cycle or issuing the SEND DIAGNOSTIC (1D) command with the self-test bit set
active.
Recovery for a failed SEND DIAGNOSTIC (1D) is achieved in one of the following ways:
1.
Executing the SEND DIAGNOSTIC (1D) command.
2.
Power-cycling the drive.
If the failure repeats, service the drive using the service guideline recommended in Section 18.13.1, Drive Service
Strategy.
Recovery for a failed power up sequence is achieved in one of the following ways:
1.
Issuing a START STOP UNIT (1B) command.
2.
Power cycling the drive.
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If the failure repeats, service the drive using the service guideline recommended in Section 18.13.1, Drive Service
Strategy.
1.
Internal Target Failures
Recovery of this condition is either a power-cycle or successful completion of the SEND DIAGNOSTIC
(1D) command. Service the drive using the recommended service guidelines specified in Section 18.13.1,
Drive Service Strategy, if the power-cycle or the SEND DIAGNOSTIC (1D) command fail to complete
successfully.
2.
Sense Code/Qualifier of Format Command Failed Format Unit (04).
Recovery from a failed FORMAT UNIT (04) command is achieved by retrying the command. If the
command fails a second time, service the drive following the procedure defined in Section 18.13.1, Drive
Service Strategy.
3.
Sense Code/Qualifier of Sanitize Command Failed after a Sanitize (48h).
Recovery from a failed SANITIZE (48h) command is achieved by retrying the command. If the original
SANITIZE (48h) was issued with AUSE=1, a second sanitize may be able to specify Service Action 1Fh
(Exit Failure Mode). For this service action the state of the media, success or not, is not guaranteed;
otherwise, the second attempt should just select any valid sanitize Service Action.
If any of the above defined recovery procedures fail to clear the degraded mode condition, the drive should be
replaced. Follow the procedure in Section 18.13.1, Drive Service Strategy, when replacing the drive.
16.84.4.6 Interface Protocol
For all interface protocol errors, the initiator should complete the following steps:
1.
Correct the parameter that caused the Illegal Request.
2.
Retry the failing command.
3.
If the first retry of the failing command completes with:
-
GOOD status, log the error as recovered.
-
Check Condition Status with Sense Data for an Illegal Request, verify there is no outside cause
(for example, the power supply) for the failure.
-
Other: follow the recommendations for the error condition reported. Retry the failing command. If
this retry of the failing command completes with:
o
GOOD status, log the error as recovered.
o
Check Condition Status with Sense Data for an Illegal Request, service the drive using
the service guideline recommended in Section 18.13.1, Drive Service Strategy.
o
Other; follow the recommendations for the error condition reported.
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16.84.4.7 Aborted Command
The initiator should determine the cause from the Additional Sense Code (Byte 12):

Sense Key = B (Aborted Command) with Additional Sense Codes of 1B, 25, 43, 49, and 4E are initiator
caused abort conditions. The initiator should correct the condition that caused the abort and retry the failing
command.

Sense Key = B (Aborted Command) with Additional Sense Code of 44 or 48 are drive caused abort
conditions. The initiator should:
1.
Retry the failing command.
2.
If the retry of the failing command completes with

GOOD status, log the error as recovered.

Abort Command Sense, verify there is no outside cause (e.g., power supply) for the failure.
1.
Retry the failing command.
2.
If the retry of the failing command completes with


GOOD status, log the error as recovered.

Abort command sense, then service the drive using the service guideline recommended in Section
18.13.1, Drive Service Strategy.
Sense Key = B (Aborted Command) and an Additional Sense Code of 47 can be an initiator or drive caused
abort condition. The initiator should follow the above procedure for initiator caused abort conditions if the
drive detected the SCSI bus parity error. The initiator should follow the above procedure for drive caused
abort conditions if the initiator detected the SCSI bus parity error.
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16.84.4.8 Unit Attention Condition
Unit Attention Conditions are not errors. They alert the initiator that the drive had an action that may have changed
an initiator controlled state in the drive. These conditions are the following:
Condition
Description
Not Ready to Ready Transition
Not ready to ready transition, unit formatted. This Unit Attention
Condition will not be reported to the initiator that issued the
FORMAT UNIT (04) command.
Reset
The drive was reset due to a power-on reset, LIP Reset, Target
Reset or an internal reset.
Mode Parameters Changed
A MODE SELECT (15) command successfully completed. This
means that the mode parameters that are the current value may have
changed. The parameters may or may not have changed but the
command to change the parameters successfully completed. The
drive does not actually compare the old current and the new current
parameters to determine if the parameters changed. This Unit
Attention Condition will not be reported to the initiator that issued
the MODE SELECT (15) command.
Microcode Has Changed
WRITE BUFFER (3B) to download microcode has successfully
completed. This means that the microcode that controls the drive
has been changed. The code may or may not be the same as the
code currently being executed. The Drive does not compare old
level code with new code.
Commands Cleared by Another Initiator
Tagged commands cleared by a clear queue message. This means
that the command queue has been cleared. The Unit Attention
Condition is not reported to the initiator that issued the clear queue
message. Unit Attention Condition is reported to all initiators that
had commands active or queued.
Log Select Parameters Changed
A LOG SELECT (4C) command successfully completed. This
means that the command cleared statistical information
successfully. See LOG SELECT (4C). The Unit Attention Condition
is reported to all initiators excluding the initiator that issued the
LOG SELECT (4C) command.
Device Identifier Changed
A SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER (A4) command successfully
completed; the Set Device Identifier information field has been
updated. See SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER (A4/06) A Unit Attention
Condition is reported to all initiators excluding the initiator that
issued the SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER (A4) command.
Notify (Power Loss Expected) Received
The drive has received a Notify (Power Loss Expected) primitive.
This will result in any outstanding commands being cleared and a
Unit Attention Condition being reported to all initiators.
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16.84.4.9 Components Mismatch
The compatibility test is performed at a power cycle. The compatibility test verifies the microcode version of the
electronics. When the Drive detects a problem in its power-on self-tests, the most likely cause is the result of
incorrect parts used during a service action.
If the error reported is Sense Key/code/qualifier 4/40/80, Diagnostic failure, bring-up fail, the initiator should do the
following:
1.
Retry Power cycle
2.
Check the send diagnostic end status. If the status is:
-
GOOD, return to normal processing.
-
Check Condition Status, issue a REQUEST SENSE (03) and follow the recommendations for the
Sense Data returned unless the Sense Data is for a component mismatch. If the Sense Data is for
component mismatch, service the drive using the service guideline recommended in Section 18.13.1,
Drive Service Strategy.
16.84.4.10 Self-Initiated Reset
The drive will initiate a self-reset when the condition of the Drive cannot be determined. The internal reset will
terminate any outstanding commands, release any reserved initiators, and reset the firmware. The initiator can
recover by
1.
Logging the error.
2.
Retrying the failing command. If the failing command completes with:
-
GOOD status, return to normal processing.
-
Self-Initiated Reset Sense, service the drive according the guidelines recommended in Section 18.13.1,
Drive Service Strategy.
-
Other: Follow the recommendations for the error reported.
16.84.4.11 Defect List Recovery
This is not an error condition. The initiator either requested a defect list in a format (block or vendor-specific) that
the drive does not support or the requested defect list(s) exceed the maximum list length that can be returned. If the
Sense Key/Code/Qualifier are:
1.
1/1F/00: The requested list(s) exceeded the maximum length that can be supported. Use the READ
DEFECT DATA (12) opcode to retrieve the defect data.
2.
1/1C/01 or 1/1C/02: The requested defect list is not in the format that the drive supports. The requested
defect list is returned in the vendor unique format. This is the default format. There is no initiator action
required for this condition.
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16.84.4.12 Miscompare Recovery
A miscompare can occur on a VERIFY (2F) command or a WRITE AND VERIFY (2E) command with the Byte
Check (BytChk) bit active. Recovery for a miscompare error is different for the two commands.
VERIFY (2F) Command
The initiator should do the following:
1.
Verify that the data sent to the drive is the correct data for the byte-by-byte compare.
2.
Read the data from the media with a Read (08) or Read (28) command and verify that the data from the
media is the expected data for the byte-by-byte compare.
-
If all the data is correct, then this indicates that the data may have been read from the media incorrectly
without an error being detected. Service the drive using the procedure specified in Section 18.13.1,
Drive Service Strategy.
-
If all data is not correct, then this indicates that the data on the media is not the data the initiator
expected. Rewrite the correct data to the media.
WRITE AND VERIFY (2E) Command
The drive uses the same data in the data buffer to write then read and compare. A miscompare error on the WRITE
AND VERIFY (2E) command indicates that the drive cannot reliably write or read the media. Service the drive
using the procedures specified in Section 18.13.1, Drive Service Strategy.
16.84.4.13 Microcode Error
The microcode from the interface is validated before the device operates using that microcode. If the validation fails,
the command is rejected with no impact to the drive. If the validation passes but some other error occurs, the drive
enters degraded mode.
If the initiator attempted to load microcode using the WRITE BUFFER (3B) command, then retry the command. If
WRITE BUFFER (3B) completes with:

GOOD status - return to normal processing.

Check Condition Status - service the drive using the service guidelines recommended in Section 18.13.1,
Drive Service Strategy.
If the checksum error occurred during normal processing, the initiator may attempt to load microcode before
deciding to service the drive using the service guidelines recommended in Section 18.13.1, Drive Service Strategy.
To load new microcode, the initiator should issue a WRITE BUFFER (3B) command with the download and save
option. If the command completes with:

GOOD status, return to normal processing. Retry the failing command. If the task completes with:
-
GOOD status - continue normal processing.
-
Check Condition Status for check sum error - Service the drive using the service guidelines
recommended in Section 18.13.1, Drive Service Strategy.
-
Check Condition Status for any other error - follow the recommended recovery procedure for the error
reported.

Check Condition Status for checksum error, service the drive using the service guidelines recommended in
Section 18.13.1, Drive Service Strategy.

Check Condition Status for any other error, follow the recommendations for the returned sense data.
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16.84.4.14 Predictive Failure Analysis
The drive performs error log analysis and will alert the initiator of a potential failure. The initiator should determine
if this device is the only device with error activity.
If this drive is the only drive attached to the initiator with error activity, service the drive using the procedures
specified in Section 18.13.1, Drive Service Strategy.
Note: Service for this drive can be deferred. The longer service is deferred, the more probable a failure can occur
that will require immediate service.
If the drive continues to experience error activity, the drive is probably not at fault. Locate and service the outside
source causing error activity on this drive.
16.85 Logical Block Provisioning
Each LBA on the drive is either mapped or unmapped. For LBAs that are mapped, there is a known relationship
between the LBA and one or more physical blocks that contain user data and protection information, if any. For
LBAs that are unmapped, the relationship between the LBA and a physical block is not defined. The drive uses a
physical block size based on 4K. The LOGICAL BLOCKS PER PHYSICAL BLOCK EXPONENT field in the
READ CAPACITY (16) parameter data is 3 for the 512, 520, and 528 block sizes. This value will be 0 for 4K-based
block sizes.
The drive is always considered to be “resource provisioned”; all unmapped LBAs are considered "anchored”. The
drive provides LBA mapping resources sufficient to contain all logical blocks for the reported capacity. All LBAs
are accessible at all times. The initial condition of every LBA on the drive is anchored.
For more information, please refer to Section 4.7 of the latest SBC-3 standard.
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17 SCSI Sense Data
17.1
SCSI Sense Data Format
Format of the sense data returned by the drive in response to the REQUEST SENSE command.
Table 255:
Format of Sense Data
Bit
Byte
7
0
Valid
6
5
4
3
1
Error Code (70h or 71h)
Reserved
1
0
2
ILI
0
Sense Key
3-6
Information Bytes
7
Additional Sense Length
8-11
Product-Specific Information
12
Additional Sense Code
13
Additional Sense Code Qualifier
14
FRU = 0
15
2
SKSV
Sense Key Specific Bits
16-17
Sense Key Specific Bytes
18-19
Reserved
20-23
Vendor-Unique Error Information
24-29
Product-Specific Information
30-31
Reserved
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0
17.2
Sense Data Description
17.2.1
Valid (Bit 7 of Byte 0)
0
The Information Bytes (byte 3 through 6) are not defined.
1
The Information Bytes (byte 3 through 6) contain a valid logical block address.
17.2.2
Error Code (Bit 6 - 0 of Byte 0)
70h
Current Error. This indicates an error for the current command.
71h
Deferred Error. This indicates that the error is for a previous command that has already returned a
good status. Such commands are associated with the IMMED bit. The FORMAT UNIT (04h)
command is an example of a command that may return a deferred error.
17.2.3
ILI: Incorrect Length Indicator (Bit 5 of Byte 2)
The ILI bit is only valid for the READ LONG (3Eh) and WRITE LONG (3Fh) commands. The ILI set to one (1)
and Valid Bit set to one (1) indicates that the requested logical block length does not match the logical block length
of the data on the medium. The Information field contains residue information about the error. ILI set to zero
indicates there is no incorrect length condition.
0
No Incorrect Length condition.
1
Incorrect Length Indicated.
Valid
ILI
READ LONG (3Eh)/
WRITE LONG (3Fh)
x
0
x
1
1
Yes
Description
No incorrect length condition.
The requested logical block length does not match the logical
block length of the data on the drive.
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
350
17.2.4
Sense Key (Bit 3 - 0 of Byte 2)
The sense key provides generic categories in which error and exception conditions can be reported. Initiators would
typically use sense keys for high level error recovery procedures.
Sense Key
Category
Description
0h
No Sense
There is no sense key information to report for the logical unit.
1h
Recovered Error
The last command completed successfully with some recovery action
performed by the drive. More detailed information is available in the
Additional Sense Code and Additional Sense Code Qualifier.
2h
Not Ready
The logical unit addressed cannot be addressed. More detailed
information is available in the Additional Sense Code and Additional
Sense Code Qualifier.
3h
Medium Error
The command terminated with an unrecoverable error condition caused
by a flaw in the media or an error in the recorded data. More detailed
information is contained in the Additional Sense Code and Additional
Sense Code Qualifier.
4h
Hardware Error
The drive detected an unrecoverable hardware error while performing a
command or during a diagnostic test. More detailed information is
contained in the Additional Sense Code and Additional Sense Code
Qualifier.
5h
Illegal Request
There was an illegal parameter in the command descriptor block or
additional parameter supplied as data. If an invalid parameter is found in
the CDB, then the command is terminated without altering the medium.
If an invalid parameter is found in parameters supplied as data, then the
drive might have altered the medium.
6h
Unit Attention
Indicates that the drive entered in the 'Unit Attention Condition'. (See
Unit Attention Condition).
7h
Data Protect
8h
Not Used
9h
Vendor-Specific
N/A
Ah
Bh
Aborted Command
Ch-Dh
Not Implemented.
EH
Miscompare
Fh
Reserved
The drive aborted the command.
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
351
17.2.5
Information Bytes (Byte 3 through 6)
This field is only valid when Valid Bit is one.

ILI = 0: This field contains the unsigned LBA associated with the sense key. The LBA reported will be
within the LBA range of the command as defined in the CDB.

ILI = 1: This field contains the difference (residue) of the requested length in bytes. Negative values are
indicated by two's complement notation.
17.2.6
Valid
ILI
Description
0
x
0x00000000 - (not used/invalid).
1
0
LBA
1
1
Residue of the requested length in bytes.
Additional Sense Length (Byte 7)
Indicates the remaining number of bytes in the sense data. (It is always set to 18h.)
17.2.7
Command Specific Information (Byte 8 through 11)
This field is unused and will be set to zero.
17.2.8
Additional Sense Code/Qualifier (Byte 12 and 13)
The following table presents the descriptions of Sense Key / Sense Code / Qualifier combinations.
Error
SCSI Sense Information
HGST
Key
Code
Qualifier
UEC
Description
0x0
0x00
0x00
No additional sense information.
0x0
0x0B
0x01
Temperature Warning Indicator
Sense Key (0x0) = No Sense
0x1A02
0x0
0x0B
0x03
Background Self-Test Failure Warning
0x1A03
0x0
0x0B
0x04
0x0B
SMART Warning: Background Self-Test completed in Error (MRIE =
5 or 6).
Background Pre-Scan Failure Warning
0x1A04
0x0
SMART Warning: Measured temperature exceeded warning threshold
(default 70°C configurable) (MRIE = 5 or 6).
0x05
SMART Warning: Background Prescan completed with Hard Error
(MRIE = 5 or 6).
Background Media Scan Failure Warning
0x1A05
SMART Warning: Background Media Scan completed with Hard
Error (MRIE = 5 or 6).
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
352
Error
SCSI Sense Information
HGST
Key
Code
Qualifier
0x0
0x0B
0x06
UEC
Background NAND Wear Indicator Warning
0x1A06
0x0
0x5D
0x22
0x5D
0x28
0x5D
0x53
0x5D
0x54
0x5D
0x55
0x0
0x5D
0x56
0x57
0x5D
0x73
0x5D
SMART Pre-failure: XOR Depletion failure (MRIE = 5 or 6).
Predictive Failure Analysis NAND Wear Failure
0x1A73
0x0
SMART Pre-failure: TCG Wear failure (MRIE = 5 or 6).
Predictive Failure Analysis XOR Depletion Indicator
0x1A57
0x0
SMART Pre-failure: NAND Channel failure (MRIE = 5 or 6).
Predictive Failure Analysis TCG Wear Indicator
0x1A56
0x5D
SMART Pre-failure: Number of reserve erase blocks that drops below
the threshold where XOR Parity Protection is no longer enabled
(MRIE = 5 or 6).
Predictive Failure Analysis NAND Channel Failure
0x1A55
0x0
SMART Pre-failure: Number of reserve erase blocks drops within 1%
of the Remaining Reserve 2 Threshold (MRIE = 5 or 6).
Predictive Failure Analysis Remaining Reserve 2
0x1A54
0x0
SMART Pre-failure: PLI Capacitor Self-Test Failed due to capacitor
charge or discharge thresholds exceeded (MRIE = 5 or 6).
Predictive Failure Analysis Remaining Reserve 1
0x1A53
0x0
SMART Pre-failure: Measured temperature exceeded 70°C (MRIE =
5 or 6).
Predictive Failure Analysis Capacitor Error
0x1A28
0x0
SMART Warning: Number of NAND Erases on any Band exceeded
Maximum Threshold (MRIE = 5 or 6).
Predictive Failure Analysis Temperature Threshold Exceeded
0x1A22
0x0
Description
0xFF
SMART Pre-failure: NAND wear failure (MRIE = 5 or 6)
Predictive Failure Analysis SMART Test Failure
0x1AFF
SMART Warning: SMART test trip (MRIE = 5 or 6).
Sense Key (0x1) = Recovered Error
0x1
0x0B
0x01
Temperature Warning Indicator
0x2A02
0x1
0x0B
0x03
Background Self=Test Failure Warning
0x2A03
0x1
0x0B
0x04
0x0B
SMART Warning: Background Self-Test completed in Error (MRIE =
3 or 4).
Background Pre-Scan Failure Warning
0x2A04
0x1
SMART Warning: Measured temperature exceeded 70°C (MRIE = 3
or 4).
0x05
SMART Warning: Background Prescan completed with Hard Error
(MRIE = 3 or 4).
Background Media Scan Failure Warning
0x2A05
SMART Warning: Background Media Scan completed with Hard
Error (MRIE = 3 or 4).
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
353
Error
SCSI Sense Information
HGST
Key
Code
Qualifier
0x1
0x0B
0x06
UEC
Background NAND Wear Indicator Warning
0x2A06
0x1
0x17
0x01
0x1
0x1C
0x00
0x1
0x1C
0x01
0x172A
NAND ECC Error was corrected with XOR Rebuild.
0x172C
NAND Error was corrected with HW ECC.
0x172D
NAND ECC Error was corrected with MRR.
Defect List Not Found
0x02
0x1
0x1F
0x00
0x1
0x5D
0x00
0x5D
0xF123
Power transition to sleep mode requested at inappropriate time.
0x1201
Sense K/C/Q does not exist for an error that is being reported.
0x1202
Sense K/C/Q does not exist for an error that is being reported.
0x01
Predictive Failure Analysis Media Error Threshold Exceeded
0x22
0x5D
0x28
0x5D
0x53
0x5D
0x54
0x5D
0x55
0x5D
SMART Pre-failure: Number of reserve erase blocks that drops below
the threshold where XOR Parity Protection is no longer enabled
(MRIE 3 or 4).
Predictive Failure Analysis NAND Channel Failure
0x2A55
0x1
SMART Pre-failure: Number of reserve erase blocks drops within 1%
of the Remaining Reserve 2 Threshold (MRIE = 3 or 4).
Predictive Failure Analysis Remaining Reserve 2
0x2A54
0x1
SMART Pre-failure: PLI Capacitor Self-Test Failed due to Capacitor
charge or discharge thresholds exceeded (MRIE = 3 or 4).
Predictive Failure Analysis Remaining Reserve 1
0x2A53
0x1
SMART Pre-failure: Measured temperature exceeded Temperature
Threshold (MRIE = 3 or 4).
Predictive Failure Analysis Capacitor Error
0x2A28
0x1
Self-test exceeded recovered error threshold.
Predictive Failure Analysis Temperature Threshold Exceeded
0x2A22
0x1
Defect List exceeds the Allocation Length for READ DEFECT
DATA command (partial list transferred).
Recovered Internal Target Failure
0x2A80
0x1
Grown Defect List not found.
Partial Defect List Transferred
0x1749
0x44
Primary Defect List not found.
Grown Defect List Not Found
0x1748
0x1
Defect List format not supported.
Primary Defect List Not Found
0x1747
0x1C
SMART Warning: Number of NAND Erases on any Band exceeded
Maximum Threshold (MRIE = 3 or 4).
Recovered Data With Retries
0x1746
0x1
Description
0x56
SMART Pre-failure: NAND Channel failure (MRIE = 3 or 4).
Predictive Failure Analysis TCG Wear Indicator
0x2A56
SMART Pre-failure: TCG Wear failure (MRIE = 3 or 4).
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
354
Error
SCSI Sense Information
HGST
Key
Code
Qualifier
0x1
0x5D
0x57
UEC
Predictive Failure Analysis XOR Depletion Indicator
0x2A57
0x1
0x5D
0x73
0x5D
SMART Pre-failure: XOR Depletion failure (MRIE = 3 or 4).
Predictive Failure Analysis NAND Wear Failure
0x2A73
0x1
Description
0xFF
SMART Pre-failure: General wear failure (MRIE = 3 or 4).
Predictive Failure Analysis SMART Test Failure
0x2AFF
SMART Warning: SMART Test Trip (MRIE = 3 or 4).
Sense Key (0x2) = Not Ready
0x2
0x04
0x00
Logical Unit Not Ready
0xF501
0x2
0x04
0x01
0x2
0x04
0x02
Logical Unit In The Process of Becoming Ready
0xF502
0x2
0x04
0xF124
Invalid operating state transition detected.
0xF503
LUN is not ready and waiting for initializing command.
Logical Unit Not Ready, Format In Progress
0xF504
0x04
0x09
0x2
0x04
0x0D
0x11
0x04
0x1B
0x04
0xF0
0x31
LUN is not ready due to sanitize in progress.
Logical Unit Not Ready, Customer Mismatch
0xF133
0x2
SAS drive not ready due to waiting for Notify to complete reserved
area boot.
Logical Unit Not Ready, Sanitize In Progress
0xF50B
0x2
LUN is not ready due to session not open.
Logical Unit Not Ready, Notify (Enable Spin-up) Required
0xF553
0x2
LUN is not ready due to Self-Test in progress.
Logical Unit Not Ready, Structure Check Required
0xF508
0x04
LUN is not ready due to format in progress.
Logical Unit Not Ready, Self-Test In Progress
0xF505
0x2
LUN is in process of becoming ready.
Logical Unit Not Ready, Initialization Command Required
0x04
0x2
LUN is in not ready state.
0x01
Customer mismatch detected during load of a reserved area file.
Logical Unit Not Ready, Format Command Failed
0xF507
LUN is in a format degraded state due to previous format failure or
change definition request.
Sense Key (0x3) = Medium Error
0x3
0x10
0x01
Logical Block Guard Check Failed
0xF7BD
0x3
0x10
0x02
0x3
0x10
0x03
Logical Block Application Tag Check Failed
0xF7BB
0x11
BATS2 T10 End-End Test Failed Application Tag Check
Logical Block Reference Tag Check Failed
0xF7B9
0x3
BATS2 T10 End-End Test Failed Guard Band Check.
0x00
BATS2 T10 End-End Test Failed Reference Tag Check
Unrecovered Read Error
0xF72D
NAND ECC Error was uncorrectable.
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
355
Error
SCSI Sense Information
HGST
Key
Code
Qualifier
0x3
0x11
0x14
0x3
0x31
UEC
Read Error, LBA Marked Bad by Application Client
0xF7CA
Sector marked bad by application client with correction disabled.
0xF7CC
Sector marked bad by application client with correction enabled.
0xF7CD
Sector marked bad by application client by corrupting data and/or
CRC.
0x00
Medium Format Corrupted
0xF701
0x3
0x31
0x01
0x3
0x31
0x03
Too many defects to support the capacity.
Sanitize Command Failed
0xF50C
0x5D
Drive is in a format degraded state
Unable to Format Medium
0xF740
0x3
Description
0x01
Sanitize command failed.
Predictive Failure Analysis Media Error Threshold Exceeded
0xFA81
Self-Test exceeded the Self-Test Unrecovered Error Threshold.
Sense Key (0x4) = Hardware Error
0x4
0x3E
0x03
Logical Unit Failed Self-Test
0xF75D
0x4
0x3E
0x04
Logical Unit Failed to Update Self-Test Log
0xF762
0x4
0x3E
0x05
0x40
DRAM Self-Test Failed due to Hard Error
Logical Unit Failed Self-Test Due to Recovered ECC Error
0xF763
0x4
Media self-test failed due to error,
0x80
DRAM Self-Test Failed due to Recovered ECC Error
Diagnostic Failure
0xF101
FW Function Argument Validation Check Failed
0xF102
Error finding and location a file in the drive reserved area.
0xF103
Unexpected Version ID found in a drive reserved area file.
0xF104
Incorrect checksum calculated on a drive reserved area file.
0xF105
Unexpected header on a drive reserved area file.
0xF107
Incorrect size specified during request for a reserved area file.
0xF108
Incorrect offset specified during request for a reserved area file.
0xF111
Error occurred while loading Flash or Disk Code.
0xF112
Incorrect checksum was calculated inside the Code Download File.
0xF119
BATS2 Read/Write Test Failed
0xF11D
Code from Reserved Area does not match Flash Code.
0xF125
An invalid Reserved Area File was detected during Code Download
Request.
0xF12B
Invalid Model detected during load attempt of a reserved area file.
0xF12E
Unable to write/read Directory Table to Reserved Area.
0xF12F
Unable to write/read File Allocation Table to Reserved Area.
0xF131
Timeout during write of one word to flash.
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
356
Error
SCSI Sense Information
Key
Code
HGST
Qualifier
UEC
Description
0xF139
Error detected during an attempt to resize reserved area files during a
code download.
0xF13C
Error detected during test of reserved DRAM.
0x4
0x42
0x00
0xF140
PLI Self-Test detected capacitor exceeded time to charge.
0x4
0x42
0x00
0xF141
PLI Self-Test detected capacitor exceeded time to discharge.
0x4
0x42
0x00
0xF142
PLI Self-Test detected capacitor discharged too quickly.
0x4
0x42
0x00
0xF143
PLI Capacitor is not in fully charged state after PLI Self-Test.
0x4
0x42
0x00
0xF144
PLI Capacitor charge time exceeds 500ms.
0x4
0x42
0x00
0xF145
PLI Capacitor test start time exceeded.
0xF147
Security AES verification failure.
0xF148
Security RSA verification failure.
0xF149
Security DRGB verification failure.
0xF14A
Security SHA256 verification failure.
0x4
0x40
0xA0
Diagnostic Failure
0xF11B
BATS2 CRC Test Failed
0xF11C
BATS2 XOR Test Failed
0xF136
Failure detected during BATS2 Test of End-End Protection HW.
0xF13E
Failure detected during BATS2 TCG encryption engine verification.
0x4
0x44
0x00
Internal Target Failure
0x4
0x44
0xF2
0xF208
Insufficient NAND exists for the desired customer capacity.
0x4
0x44
0xF2
0xF209
Mismatch between customer block size and NAND block size on
system boot.
0x4
0x44
0xF2
0xF20A
Unable to locate Saved Mode Parameters during system boot.
0x4
0x44
0xF4
0xF401
Invalid Error reported from HW Data Path.
0x4
0x44
0xF4
0xF402
Overflow Error reported from HW Data Path.
0x4
0x44
0xF4
0xF403
Overflow Error reported from HW Data Path.
0x4
0x44
0xF4
0xF404
Overflow Error reported from HW Data Path.
0x4
0x44
0xF4
0xF405
Overflow Error reported from HW Data Path.
0xF56E
Data Size Mismatch detected during read of reserved area contents.
0x4
0x44
0x81
0xF601
NAND Processor failed to complete boot.
0x4
0x44
0x82
0xF602
NAND Processor failed to load FW from NAND.
0x4
0x44
0x83
0xF603
NAND Processor failed to service a request within desired timeout.
0x4
0x44
0x84
0xF604
NAND Processor failed to load host interface FW from NAND.
0x4
0x44
0x85
0xF605
NAND Processor failed to service a request due to error or abort .
0x4
0x44
0x87
0xF607
NAND Processor detected fatal error condition and asserted.
0x4
0x44
0x88
0xF608
NAND Processor failed to service Identify Request following initial
boot.
0x4
0x44
0x8E
0xF60E
NAND Processor failed to complete FCONFIG Update.
0x4
0x44
0x8F
0xF60F
NAND Processor provided FCONFIG Data that did not contain the
desired token.
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
357
Error
SCSI Sense Information
HGST
Key
Code
Qualifier
UEC
0x4
0x44
0x95
0xF615
NAND Processor failed XOR self-test.
0x4
0x44
0xA2
0xF622
NAND Processor failed to find good context.
0x4
0x44
0xA3
0xF623
NAND Processor detected fatal error condition and asserted.
0x4
0x44
0xA4
0xF624
NAND Processor failed to find defect map.
0x4
0x44
0xA8
0xF628
NAND Processor failed to find NAND Log Information.
0x4
0x44
0xB0
0xF630
NAND Processor generic boot error.
0xFCxx
Drive failed to read file xx from Flash or Reserved Area.
0x4
0x44
0x31
Internal Target Failure
0xF631
0x4
0x5D
0x01
0x81
NAND Processor logically disabled.
Predictive Failure Analysis Command Timeout Error Threshold
Exceeded.
0xFA82
0x4
Description
0x00
Self-Test exceeded the Self-Test Command Timeout Error Threshold.
Vendor Unique, Internal Logic Error
0xF56F
Insufficient DRAM available to pull drive logs.
Sense Key (0x5) = Illegal Request
0x5
0x15
0x00
0x5
0x1A
0x00
Phy Test Function In Progress
0xF50D
Parameter List Length Error
0xF820
0x5
0x20
0x00
0x5
0x21
0x00
0x00
0x25
0x00
0x5
0x26
0x26
SCSI Command failed to execute due to Invalid Field Setting in CDB.
Logical Unit Not Supported
0xF824
0x5
SCSI Command failed to execute due to LBA Range Error.
Invalid Field in CDB
0xF823
0x5
SCSI Command failed to execute due to Illegal Operation Code.
Logical Block Address Out of Range
0xF822
0x24
SCSI Command failed to execute due to Parameter List Length Error.
Invalid Command Operation Code
0xF821
0x5
Illegal Phy Test Request
0x00
SCSI Command failed to execute due to Invalid LUN specified in
SCSI Command Frame.
Invalid Field in Parameter List
0xF825
SCSI Command failed to execute due to Invalid Field Setting in
Parameter List.
0xF826
SCSI Command failed to execute due to Unsupported Log Page
Selected.
0x02
Parameter Value Invalid
0xF120
Single binary download is not compatible with existing code on drive.
0xF126
A checksum error was calculated for a chunk of a single binary
download file.
0xF127
Invalid length or chunk size detected during single binary code
download.
0xF130
Customer version of single binary download is not compatible with
existing code on drive.
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
358
Error
SCSI Sense Information
Key
Code
HGST
Qualifier
UEC
0xF13D
0x5
0x26
0x04
0x2A
0x03
0x5
0x2C
0x00
0x00
0x55
Command sequence error.
Invalid Message Error
0xF512
0x5
Reservation Conflict detected.
Command Sequence Error
0xF511
0x49
SCSI Command failed to perform Release due to Persistent
Reservation.
Reservations Preempted
0xF536
0x5
RSA signature verification failure on download file
Invalid Release of Persistent Reservation
0xF828
0x5
Description
0x04
Illegal ACA Task Attribute sent due to no outstanding ACA
Condition.
Insufficient Reservation Resources
0xF567
Insufficient resources to process Registration Request
Sense Key (0x6) = Unit Attention
0x6
0x0B
0x01
Temperature Warning Indicator
0x3A02
0x6
0x0B
0x03
Background Self-Test Failure Warning
0x3A03
0x6
0x0B
0x04
0x0B
0x05
0x0B
0x06
0x28
0x00
0x29
0x00
0x6
0x29
0x01
0x02
0x6
0x29
0x03
Unit Attention for LIP.
Power On Occurred
0xF516
0x29
Unit Attention marking transition from Not Ready to Ready State
during Format.
Power On, Reset, or Bus Device Reset Occurred
0xF515
0x6
SMART Warning: Number of NAND Erases on any Band exceeded
Maximum Threshold (MRIE = 2).
Not Ready to Ready Change, Medium May Have Changed
0xF514
0x6
SMART Warning: Background Media Scan completed with Hard
Error (MRIE = 2).
Background NAND Wear Indicator Warning
0x3A06
0x6
SMART Warning: Background Prescan completed with Hard Error
(MRIE = 2).
Background Media Scan Failure Warning
0x3A05
0x6
SMART Warning: Background Self-Test completed in Error (MRIE = 2)
Background Pre-Scan Failure Warning
0x3A04
0x6
SMART Warning: Measured temperature exceeded 70°C (MRIE = 2).
Unit Attention for POR.
SCSI Bus Reset Occurred
0xF517
Unit Attention for Hard Reset.
Bus Device Reset Function Occurred
0xF518
Unit Attention for Soft Reset.
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
359
Error
SCSI Sense Information
HGST
Key
Code
Qualifier
0x6
0x29
0x04
UEC
Device Internal Reset
0xF519
0x6
0x29
0x07
0x2A
0x01
0x6
0x2A
0x02
0x03
0x6
0x2A
0x04
0x05
0x2F
0x00
0x2F
0x01
0x3F
0x01
0x6
0x3F
0x03
0x05
0x6
0x5D
0x22
0x28
0x5D
0x53
0x5D
0x54
0x5D
SMART Pre-failure: Number of reserve erase blocks drops within 1%
of the Remaining Reserve 2 Threshold (MRIE = 2).
Predictive Failure Analysis Remaining Reserve 2
0x3A54
0x6
SMART Pre-failure: PLI Capacitor Self-Test Failed due to Capacitor
charge or discharge thresholds exceeded (MRIE = 2).
Predictive Failure Analysis Remaining Reserve 1
0x3A53
0x6
SMART Pre-failure: Measured temperature exceeded Temperature
Threshold (MRIE = 2).
Predictive Failure Analysis Capacitor Error
0x3A28
0x6
Unit Attention for Device Identifier Change
Predictive Failure Analysis Temperature Threshold Exceeded
0x3A22
0x5D
Unit Attention for Inquiry Parameters Change
Device Identifier Changed
0xF537
0x6
Unit Attention for Microcode Change
Inquiry Data Has Changed
0xF523
0x3F
Unit Attention for SAS Expected Power Failure Notify
Microcode Has Been Changed
0xF522
0x6
Unit Attention for Commands Aborted by another Initiator.
Commands Cleared by Power Loss Notification
0xF573
0x6
Unit Attention for Registration Clear
Commands Cleared by Another Initiator
0xF521
0x6
Unit Attention for Reservation Release
Registrations Preempted
0xF520
0x6
Unit Attention for Reservation Clear
Reservations Released
0xF51F
0x2A
Unit Attention for Log Parameters Change
Reservations Preempted
0xF51E
0x6
Unit Attention for Mode Parameters Change
Log Parameters Changed
0xF51D
0x2A
Unit Attention for SAS I_T Nexus Loss.
Mode Parameters Changed
0xF51C
0x6
Unit Attention for Self-initiated Reset.
I_T Nexus Loss Occurred
0xF554
0x6
Description
0x55
SMART Pre-failure: Number of reserve erase blocks that drops below
the threshold where XOR Parity Protection is no longer enabled
(MRIE = 2).
Predictive Failure Analysis NAND Channel Failure
0x3A55
SMART Pre-failure: NAND Channel failure (MRIE = 2).
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
360
Error
SCSI Sense Information
HGST
Key
Code
Qualifier
0x6
0x5D
0x56
UEC
Predictive Failure Analysis TCG Wear Indicator
0x3A56
0x6
0x5D
0x57
0x5D
0x73
0x6
0x5D
0xFF
SMART Pre-failure: TCG Wear failure (MRIE = 2).
Predictive Failure Analysis XOR Depletion Indicator
0x3A57
0x6
Description
SMART Pre-failure: XOR Depletion failure (MRIE = 2).
Predictive Failure Analysis NAND Wear Failure
0x3A73
SMART Pre-failure: General wear failure (MRIE = 2).
Predictive Failure Analysis SMART Test Failure
0x3AFF
SMART Warning: SMART Test Trip (MRIE = 2)
Sense Key (0x7) = Data Protect
0x7
0x20
0x02
Access Denied, No Access Rights
0xF509
Data Protect - Access Denied (Locked by Self-Test)
0xF827
Data Protect - Access Denied
Sense Key (0x9) = Vendor Specific
0x9
0xED
0x00
Vendor Unique, Error During Eye Data Measurement
0xF50E
Error detected during Data Eye Measurement.
Sense Key (0xB) = Aborted Command
0xB
0x0E
0x01
Information Unit Too Short
0xF561
0xB
0xB
0xB
0xB
0x10
0x10
0x10
0x10
0x00
SAS Data-out Transfer aborted due to invalid frame length.
ID CRC or ECC Error
0xF417
HW Data-out Transfer aborted due to CRC Error.
0xF421
HW Data-in Transfer aborted due to CRC Error.
0xF52F
HW Data-out Transfer aborted due to internal CRC Error
0x01
Logical Block Guard Check Failed
0xF414
HW Data-out Transfer aborted due to T10 Guard Band Check Error.
0xF424
HW Data-in Transfer aborted due to T10 Guard Band Check Error.
0xF529
HW Data-in Transfer aborted due to T10 Guard Band Check Error.
0xF568
HW Data-in Transfer aborted due to T10 Guard Band Check Error
0x02
Logical Block Application Tag Check Failed
0xF415
HW Data-out Transfer aborted due to T10 Application Tag Check Error.
0xF423
HW Data-in Transfer aborted due to T10 Application Tag Check Error.
0xF52A
HW Data-in Transfer aborted due to T10 Application Tag Check Error.
0xF569
Data-in Transfer aborted due to T10 Application Tag Check Error.
0x03
Logical Block Reference Tag Check Failed
0xF416
HW Data-out Transfer aborted due to T10 Reference Tag Check Error.
0xF422
HW Data-in Transfer aborted due to T10 Reference Tag Check Error.
0xF52B
HW Data-in Transfer aborted due to T10 Reference Tag Check Error.
0xF56A
Data-in Transfer aborted due to T10 Reference Tag Check Error.
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
361
Error
SCSI Sense Information
HGST
Key
Code
Qualifier
0xB
0x11
0x00
UEC
Unrecovered Read Error
0xF729
0xB
0x3F
0x0F
0xB
0x44
0x47
HW Data-in Transfer aborted due to internal error while handling
media error.
Echo Buffer Overwritten
0xF544
0xB
Description
0x00
DRAM Read Echo Buffer was overwritten.
Internal Target Failure
0xF406
HW Data Transfer aborted due to error.
0xF410
HW Data-out Transfer aborted due to error.
0xF411
HW Data-out Transfer aborted due to DRAM ECC Error.
0xF412
HW Data-out Transfer aborted due to Data Path CRC Error.
0xF413
HW Data-out Transfer aborted due to Data Path LBA Mismatch.
0xF418
HW Data-out Transfer aborted due to transfer error.
0xF419
HW Data-out Transfer aborted due to transfer timeout.
0xF420
HW Data-in Transfer aborted due to error.
0xF425
HW Data-in Transfer aborted due to Data Path LBA Error.
0xF426
HW Data-in Transfer aborted due to transfer error.
0xF427
HW Data-in Transfer aborted due to transfer timeout.
0xF428
HW Data transfer aborted due to write error.
0xF429
HW Data transfer aborted due to read error.
0xF42A
HW Data transfer aborted due to read transfer length error.
0xF526
HW Data-out Transfer aborted due to Data Path LBA Mismatch.
0xF527
HW Data-out or Data-in Transfer aborted due to Data Path Error.
0xF528
HW Data-out or Data-in Transfer aborted due to Data Path Timeout.
0xF52C
HW Data-out or Data-in Transfer aborted due to Data Path CRC Error.
0xF52D
HW Data-in Transfer aborted due to internal CRC error
0xF52E
HW Data-out or Data-in Transfer aborted due to internal target failure.
0xF540
HW Transfer aborted due to simulated internal abort.
0xF54A
HW Data-out or Data-in Transfer aborted due to Transfer Ready Burst
Length Mismatch.
0xF54B
HW Data-out or Data-in Transfer aborted due to Data Length
Mismatch,
0xF56B
Data Transfer aborted due to DRAM LBA ECC Error.
0xF56C
Data Transfer aborted due to Uncorrectable DRAM ECC Error.
0xF570
Data Transfer aborted due to Data Path CRC Error.
0xF57B
Data Transfer aborted due to LBA CRC Error.
0xF731
Access Denied - Write initialization required as read data is associated
with Invalid Management Key.
0xF75C
Overall Command Timeout exceeded.
0x01
Data Phase CRC Error Detected
0xF54E
Data-out Transfer aborted due to Data Frame CRC Error.
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
362
Error
SCSI Sense Information
HGST
Key
Code
Qualifier
0xB
0x4B
0x00
UEC
Data Phase Error
0xF53E
0xB
0x4B
0x02
0x4B
0x03
0x4B
0x04
0xB
0x4B
0x05
0xB
0x4F
SAS Data-in Transfer received a NAK on Data Frame.
Data Offset Error
0xF552
0x4B
SAS Data-in Transfer failed for timeout waiting for ACK or NAK.
NAK Received
0xF550
0xB
SAS Data-out Transfer aborted due to Transfer Ready Burst Length
Mismatch.
ACK/NAK Timeout
0xF551
0xB
Data Phase error during a Data-out Transfer.
Too Much Write Data
0xF560
0xB
Description
0x06
Data-out Transfer failed due to incorrect relative offset value in data
frame header.
Initiator Response Timeout
0xF555
Data-out Transfer aborted due to timeout from host in sending data frames.
0xF556
Data-out Transfer aborted due to initiator response timeout.
0x00
Command Aborted Due to Link Initialization
0xF53F
Command was aborted due to link initialization.
Sense Key (0xE) = Miscompare
0xE
0x1D
0x00
Miscompare During Verify Operation
0xF535
Miscompare detected during Verify or Write & Verify with Byte
Check
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
363
17.2.9
FRU: Field Replaceable Unit (Byte 14)
The FRU (Field Replaceable Unit) field value will always be zero.
17.2.10 Sense Key Specific (Byte 15 through 17)
The definition of this field is determined by the value of the sense key field.
17.2.10.1 Sense Key Specific - Illegal Request (Sense Key = 5h)
Error field pointer is returned.
Table 256:
Field Pointer Bytes
Bit
Byte
7
6
15
SKSV
C/D
5
4
Reserved
CD
BPV
BPV
2
1
0
Bit Pointer
Field Pointer
16-17
SKSV
3
Sense Key Specific Valid
0
Sense key specific field is not valid.
1
Sense key specific field is valid.
Command/Data
0
Indicates that the illegal parameter was in the data parameters sent by the initiator
during the DATA OUT phase.
1
Indicates that the illegal parameter was in the command descriptor block.
Bit Pointer Valid
0
Bit pointer field is not valid.
1
Bit pointer field is significant.
Bit Pointer
Indicates which bit of the byte number reported in Field Pointer is the bit in error. When a
multiple bit field is in error, the pointer points to the most significant bit of the field.
Field Pointer
Indicates which bytes of the command descriptor block or of the parameter data were in
error. Bytes are numbered starting from zero, as shown in the tables describing the
commands and parameters. When a multiple byte field id is in error, the pointer points to the
most significant byte of that field.
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364
17.2.10.2 Sense Key Specific - Recovered (Sense Key = 1h) or Medium (Sense Key = 3h)
or Hardware (Sense Key = 4h)

Hardware (Sense Key = 4h) or Medium Error (Sense Key = 3h)

Number of Bits in Error is reported.
Table 257:
Number of Bits in Error
Bit
Byte
7
15
SKSV
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Reserved
16
Reserved
17
Number of Bits in Error
SKSV
Sense Key Specific Valid
Number of Bits in Error
0
Number of Bits in Error is not valid.
1
Number of Bits in Error is valid.
Represents the number of bits in error and/or last recovery step attempted, with the
following ranges:
1-56
Recovered error, number represents the number of bits in error
(maximum of 56) in the data block corrected by ECC.
57
Recovered error, data was unrecoverable with ECC; however, MRR
(moving read reference) recovery was successful.
58
Recovered error, data was unrecoverable with ECC or MRR; however
the data was recovered via XOR rebuild of the data stripe.
59
Unrecoverable (hard) error, multiple blocks on the data stripe were
unable to be recovered via ECC or MRR.
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365
17.2.10.3 Sense Key Specific - Not Ready (Sense key = 2h)
These fields are defined for the Format unit (04h) command with the Immediate bit set to one and the Send
Diagnostic (1Dh) command with Background self-test function. Progress Indication is returned.
Table 258:
Progress Indication
Bit
Byte
7
15
SKSV
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Reserved
Progress Indication
16-17
SKSV
Sense Key Specific Valid
Progress Indication
0
Progress Indication is not valid.
1
Progress Indication is valid.
Indicates a percent complete in which the returned value is the numerator that has
10000h as its denominator.
17.2.11 Reserved (Byte 18 through 19)
These bytes are filled with zeroes.
17.2.12 Vendor-Unique Error Information (Byte 20 through 23)
This field will return information about the error. It contains a unique code that describes where the error was
detected and which piece of hardware or microcode detected the error depending on current operation.
17.2.13 Physical Error Record (Byte 24 thru 29)

ILI = 1 - This field contains zeros.

ILI = 0 - These bytes contain the physical location of the error.
o
If the physical location has no relevance for the error, bytes 24 through 29 will all be set to
0FFFFFFFFFFFFh for Valid = 0 and ILI = 0.
o
This Physical Error Record field is valid for Sense Key 1, 3, and 4 only.
17.2.14 Reserved (Byte 30 through 31)
These bytes are filled with zeroes.
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
366
17.2.15 Unit Error Codes (UEC) List
The following table lists the Unit Error Codes (UEC) and associated descriptions. The Unit Error Codes are returned
by the target in Sense Data Bytes 20-21.
Table 259:
Unit Error Codes
UEC
Description
0x1201
Sense K/C/Q does not exist for an error that is being reported.
0x1202
Sense K/C/Q does not exist for an error that is being reported.
0x172A
NAND ECC Error was corrected with XOR Rebuild.
0x172C
NAND Error was corrected with HW ECC.
0x172D
NAND ECC Error was corrected with MRR.
0x1746
Defect List format not supported.
0x1747
Primary Defect List not found.
0x1748
Grown Defect List not found.
0x1749
Defect List exceeds the Allocation Length for Read Defect Data command (partial list transferred).
0x1A02
SMART Warning: Measured temperature exceeded warning threshold (default 70° C configurable) (MRIE = 5
or 6).
0x1A03
SMART Warning: Background Self-Test completed in Error (MRIE = 5 or 6).
0x1A04
SMART Warning: Background Prescan completed with Hard Error (MRIE = 5 or 6).
0x1A05
SMART Warning: Background Media Scan completed with Hard Error (MRIE = 5 or 6).
0x1A06
SMART Warning: Number of NAND Erases on any Band exceeded Maximum Threshold (MRIE = 5 or 6).
0x1A22
SMART Pre-failure: Measured temperature exceeded 70 degree C (MRIE = 5 or 6).
0x1A28
SMART Pre-failure: PLI Capacitor Self-Test Failed due to Capacitor charge or discharge thresholds exceeded
(MRIE = 5 or 6).
0x1A53
SMART Pre-failure: Number of reserve erase blocks drops within 1% of the Remaining Reserve 2 Threshold
(MRIE = 5 or 6).
0x1A54
SMART Pre-failure: Number of reserve erase blocks that drops below the threshold where XOR Parity
Protection is no longer enabled (MRIE = 5 or 6).
0x1A55
SMART Pre-failure: NAND Channel failure (MRIE = 5 or 6).
0x1A56
SMART Pre-failure: TCQ Wear failure (MRIE = 5 or 6).
0x1A57
SMART Pre-failure: XOR Depletion failure (MRIE = 5 or 6).
0x1A73
SMART Pre-failure: General wear failure (MRIE = 5 or 6).
0x1AFF
SMART Warning: SMART test trip (MRIE = 5 or 6).
0x2A02
SMART Warning: Measured temperature exceeded 70 degree C (MRIE = 3 or 4).
0x2A03
SMART Warning: Background Self-Test completed in Error (MRIE = 3 or 4).
0x2A04
SMART Warning: Background Prescan completed with Hard Error (MRIE = 3 or 4).
0x2A05
SMART Warning: Background Media Scan completed with Hard Error (MRIE = 3 or 4)
0x2A06
SMART Warning: Number of NAND Erases on any Band exceeded Maximum Threshold (MRIE = 3 or 4).
0x2A22
SMART Pre-failure: Measured temperature exceeded Temperature Threshold (MRIE = 3 or 4).
0x2A28
SMART Pre-failure: PLI Capacitor Self-Test Failed due to Capacitor charge or discharge thresholds exceeded
(MRIE = 3 or 4).
0x2A53
SMART Pre-failure: Number of reserve erase blocks drops within 1% of the Remaining Reserve 2 Threshold
(MRIE = 3 or 4).
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
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0x2A54
SMART Pre-failure: Number of reserve erase blocks that drops below the threshold where XOR Parity
Protection is no longer enabled (MRIE 3 or 4).
0x2A55
SMART Pre-failure: NAND Channel failure (MRIE = 3 or 4).
0x2A56
SMART Pre-failure: TCQ Wear failure (MRIE = 3 or 4).
0x2A57
SMART Pre-failure: XOR Depletion failure (MRIE = 3 or 4).
0x2A73
SMART Pre-failure: General wear failure (MRIE = 3 or 4).
0x2A80
Self-test exceeded recovered error threshold.
0x2AFF
SMART Warning: SMART Test Trip (MRIE = 3 or 4).
0x3A02
SMART Warning: Measured temperature exceeded 70°C (MRIE = 2).
0x3A03
SMART Warning: Background Self-Test completed in Error (MRIE = 2).
0x3A04
SMART Warning: Background Prescan completed with Hard Error (MRIE = 2).
0x3A05
SMART Warning: Background Media Scan completed with Hard Error (MRIE = 2).
0x3A06
SMART Warning: Number of NAND Erases on any Band exceeded Maximum Threshold (MRIE = 2).
0x3A22
SMART Pre-failure: Measured temperature exceeded Temperature Threshold (MRIE = 2).
0x3A28
SMART Pre-failure: PLI Capacitor Self-Test Failed due to Capacitor charge or discharge thresholds exceeded
(MRIE = 2).
0x3A53
SMART Pre-failure: Number of reserve erase blocks drops within 1% of the Remaining Reserve 2 Threshold
(MRIE = 2).
0x3A54
SMART Pre-failure: Number of reserve erase blocks that drops below the threshold where XOR Parity
Protection is no longer enabled. (MRIE = 2).
0x3A55
SMART Pre-failure: NAND Channel failure (MRIE = 2).
0x3A56
SMART Pre-failure: TCQ Wear failure (MRIE = 2).
0x3A57
SMART Pre-failure: XOR Depletion failure (MRIE = 2).
0x3A73
SMART Pre-failure: General wear failure (MRIE = 2).
0x3AFF
SMART Warning: SMART Test Trip (MRIE = 2).
0xF101
FW Function Argument Validation Check Failed.
0xF102
Error finding and location a file in the drive reserved area.
0xF103
Unexpected Version ID found in a drive reserved area file.
0xF104
Incorrect checksum calculated on a drive reserved area file.
0xF105
Unexpected header on a drive reserved area file.
0xF107
Incorrect size specified during request for a reserved area file.
0xF108
Incorrect offset specified during request for a reserved area file.
0xF111
Error occurred while loading Flash or Disk Code.
0xF112
Incorrect checksum was calculated inside the Code Download File.
0xF119
BATS2 Read/Write Test Failed.
0xF11B
BATS2 CRC Test Failed.
0xF11C
BATS2 XOR Test Failed.
0xF11D
Code from Reserved Area does not match Flash Code.
0xF120
Single binary download is not compatible with existing code on drive.
0xF123
Power transition to sleep mode requested at inappropriate time.
0xF124
Invalid operating state transition detected.
0xF125
An invalid Reserved Area File was detected during Code Download Request.
0xF126
A checksum error was calculated for a chunk of a single binary download file.
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
368
0xF127
Invalid length or chunk size detected during single binary code download.
0xF12B
Invalid Model detected during load attempt of a reserved area file.
0xF12E
Unable to write & read Directory Table to Reserved Area.
0xF12F
Unable to write & read File Allocation Table to Reserved Area.
0xF130
Customer version of single binary download is not compatible with existing code on drive.
0xF131
Timeout during write of one word to flash.
0xF133
Customer mismatch detected during load of a reserved area file.
0xF136
Failure detected during BATS2 Test of End-End Protection HW.
0xF139
Error detected during an attempt to resize reserved area files during a code download.
0xF13C
Error detected during test of reserved DRAM.
0xF13D
RSA signature verification failure on download file.
0xF13E
Failure detected during BATS2 TCG encryption engine verification.
0xF140
PLI Self-Test detected Capacitor exceeded time to charge.
0xF141
PLI Self-Test detected Capacitor exceeded time to discharge.
0xF142
PLI Self-Test detected Capacitor discharged too quickly.
0xF143
PLI Capacitor is not in fully charged state after PLI Self-Test.
0xF144
PLI Capacitor charge time exceeds 500ms.
0xF145
PLI Capacitor test start time exceeded.
0xF147
Security AES verification failure.
0xF148
Security RSA verification failure.
0xF149
Security DRGB verification failure.
0xF14A
Security SHA256 verification failure.
0xF208
Insufficient NAND exists for the desire customer capacity.
0xF209
Mismatch between customer block size and NAND block size on system boot.
0xF20A
Unable to locate Saved Mode Parameters during system boot.
0xF401
Invalid Error reported from HW Data Path.
0xF402
Overflow Error reported from HW Data Path.
0xF403
Overflow Error reported from HW Data Path.
0xF404
Overflow Error reported from HW Data Path.
0xF405
Overflow Error reported from HW Data Path.
0xF406
HW Data Transfer aborted due to error.
0xF410
HW Data-out Transfer aborted due to error.
0xF411
HW Data-out Transfer aborted due to DRAM ECC Error.
0xF412
HW Data-out Transfer aborted due to Data Path CRC Error.
0xF413
HW Data-out Transfer aborted due to Data Path LBA Mismatch.
0xF414
HW Data-out Transfer aborted due to T10 Guard Band Check Error.
0xF415
HW Data-out Transfer aborted due to T10 Application Tag Check Error.
0xF416
HW Data-out Transfer aborted due to T10 Reference Tag Check Error.
0xF417
HW Data-out Transfer aborted due to CRC Error.
0xF418
HW Data-out Transfer aborted due to transfer error.
0xF419
HW Data-out Transfer aborted due to transfer timeout.
0xF420
HW Data-in Transfer aborted due to error.
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0xF421
HW Data-in Transfer aborted due to CRC Error.
0xF422
HW Data-in Transfer aborted due to T10 Reference Tag Check Error.
0xF423
HW Data-in Transfer aborted due to T10 Application Tag Check Error.
0xF424
HW Data-in Transfer aborted due to T10 Guard Band Check Error.
0xF425
HW Data-in Transfer aborted due to Data Path LBA Error.
0xF426
HW Data-in Transfer aborted due to transfer error.
0xF427
HW Data-in Transfer aborted due to transfer timeout.
0xF428
HW Data transfer aborted due to write error.
0xF429
HW Data transfer aborted due to read error.
0xF42A
HW Data transfer aborted due to read transfer length error.
0xF501
LUN is in not ready state.
0xF502
LUN is in process of becoming ready.
0xF503
LUN is not ready and waiting for initializing command.
0xF504
LUN is not ready due to format in progress.
0xF505
LUN is not ready due to Self-Test in progress.
0xF507
LUN is in a format degraded state due to previous format failure or change definition request.
0xF508
LUN is not ready due to session not open.
0xF50B
LUN is not ready due to in progress.
0xF50C
Sanitize command failed.
0xF50D
Illegal Phy Test Request.
0xF50E
Error detected during Data Eye Measurement.
0xF511
Command sequence error.
0xF512
Illegal ACA Task Attribute sent due to no outstanding ACA Condition.
0xF514
Unit Attention marking transition from Not Ready to Ready State during Format.
0xF515
Unit Attention for LIP.
0xF516
Unit Attention for POR.
0xF517
Unit Attention for Hard Reset.
0xF518
Unit Attention for Soft Reset.
0xF519
Unit Attention for Self-initiated Reset.
0xF51C
Unit Attention for Mode Parameters Change.
0xF51D
Unit Attention for Log Parameters Change.
0xF51E
Unit Attention for Reservation Clear.
0xF51F
Unit Attention for Reservation Release.
0xF520
Unit Attention for Registration Clear.
0xF521
Unit Attention for Commands Aborted by another Initiator.
0xF522
Unit Attention for Microcode Change.
0xF523
Unit Attention for Inquiry Parameters Change.
0xF526
HW Data-out Transfer aborted due to Data Path LBA Mismatch.
0xF527
HW Data-out or Data-in Transfer aborted due to Data Path Error.
0xF528
HW Data-out or Data-in Transfer aborted due to Data Path Timeout.
0xF529
HW Data-in Transfer aborted due to T10 Guard Band Check Error.
0xF52A
HW Data-in Transfer aborted due to T10 Application Tag Check Error.
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0xF52B
HW Data-in Transfer aborted due to T10 Reference Tag Check Error.
0xF52C
HW Data-out or Data-in Transfer aborted due to Data Path CRC Error.
0xF52D
HW Data-in Transfer aborted due to internal CRC Error.
0xF52E
HW Data-out or Data-in Transfer aborted due to internal target failure.
0xF52F
HW Data-out Transfer aborted due to internal CRC Error.
0xF535
Miscompare detected during Verify or Write & Verify with Byte Check.
0xF536
Reservation Conflict detected.
0xF537
Unit Attention for Device Identifier Change.
0xF53E
Data Phase error during a Data-out Transfer.
0xF53F
Command was aborted due to link initialization.
0xF540
HW Transfer aborted due to simulated internal abort.
0xF544
DRAM Read Echo Buffer was overwritten.
0xF548
Unit Attention for FCAL Device Control Hard Reset.
0xF54A
HW Data-out or Data-in Transfer aborted due to Transfer Ready Burst Length Mismatch.
0xF54B
HW Data-out or Data-in Transfer aborted due to Data Length Mismatch.
0xF54E
Data-out Transfer aborted due to Data Frame CRC Error.
0xF550
SAS Data-in Transfer received a NAK on Data Frame.
0xF551
SAS Data-in Transfer failed for timeout waiting for ACK or NAK.
0xF552
Data-out Transfer failed due to incorrect relative offset value in data frame header.
0xF553
SAS Drive not ready due to waiting for Notify to complete reserved area boot.
0xF554
Unit Attention for SAS I_T Nexus Loss.
0xF555
Data-out Transfer aborted due to timeout from host in sending data frames.
0xF556
Data-out Transfer aborted due to initiator response timeout.
0xF560
SAS Data-out Transfer aborted due to Transfer Ready Burst Length Mismatch.
0xF561
SAS Data-out Transfer aborted due to invalid frame length.
0xF567
Insufficient resources to process Registration Request.
0xF568
HW Data-in Transfer aborted due to T10 Guard Band Check Error.
0xF569
Data-in Transfer aborted due to T10 Application Tag Check Error.
0xF56A
Data-in Transfer aborted due to T10 Reference Tag Check Error.
0xF56B
Data Transfer aborted due to DRAM LBA ECC Error.
0xF56C
Data Transfer aborted due to Uncorrectable DRAM ECC Error.
0xF56E
Data Size Mismatch detected during read of reserved area contents.
0xF56F
Insufficient DRAM available to pull drive logs.
0xF570
Data Transfer aborted due to Data Path CRC Error.
0xF573
Unit Attention for SAS Expected Power Failure Notify.
0xF57B
Data Transfer aborted due to LBA CRC Error.
0xF601
NAND Processor failed to complete boot.
0xF602
NAND Processor failed to load FW from NAND.
0xF603
NAND Processor failed to service a request within desired timeout.
0xF604
NAND Processor failed to load host interface FW from NAND.
0xF605
NAND Processor failed to service a request due to error or abort.
0xF607
NAND Processor detected fatal error condition and asserted
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
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0xF608
NAND Processor failed to service Identify Request following initial boot.
0xF60E
NAND Processor failed to complete FCONFIG Update.
0xF60F
NAND Processor provided FCONFIG Data that did not contain the desired token.
0xF615
NAND Processor failed XOR self-test.
0xF622
NAND Processor failed to find good context.
0xF623
NAND Processor detected fatal error condition and asserted.
0xF624
NAND Processor failed to find defect map.
0xF628
NAND Processor failed to find NAND Log Information.
0xF630
NAND Processor generic boot error.
0xF631
NAND Processor logically disabled.
0xF701
Drive is in a format degraded state.
0xF729
HW Data-in Transfer aborted due to internal error while handling media error.
0xF72D
NAND ECC Error was uncorrectable.
0xF731
Access Denied - Write initialization required as read data is associated with Invalid Management Key.
0xF740
Too many defects to support the capacity.
0xF75C
Overall Command Timeout exceeded.
0xF75D
Media Self-Test Failed due to Error.
0xF762
DRAM Self-Test Failed due to Hard Error.
0xF763
DRAM Self-Test Failed due to Recovered ECC Error.
0xF7B9
BATS2 T10 End-End Test Failed Reference Tag Check.
0xF7BB
BATS2 T10 End-End Test Failed Application Tag Check.
0xF7BD
BATS2 T10 End-End Test Failed Guard Band Check.
0xF7CA
Sector marked bad by application client with correction disabled.
0xF7CC
Sector marked bad by application client with correction enabled.
0xF7CD
Sector marked bad by application client by corrupting Data and/or CRC.
0xF820
SCSI Command failed to execute due to Parameter List Length Error.
0xF821
SCSI Command failed to execute due to Illegal Operation Code.
0xF822
SCSI Command failed to execute due to LBA Range Error.
0xF823
SCSI Command failed to execute due to Invalid Field Setting in CDB.
0xF824
SCSI Command failed to execute due to Invalid LUN specified in SCSI Command Frame.
0xF825
SCSI Command failed to execute due to Invalid Field Setting in Parameter List.
0xF826
SCSI Command failed to execute due to Unsupported Log Page Selected.
0xF828
SCSI Command failed to perform Release due to Persistent Reservation.
0xFA81
Self-Test exceeded the SelfTest Unrecovered Error Threshold.
0xFA82
Self-Test exceeded the SelfTest Command Timeout Error Threshold.
0xFCxx
Drive failed to read file xx from Flash or Reserved Area.
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18 Security Firmware and Hardware
This chapter provides information for HGST Self Encrypting Drives (SEDs). The reader will need familiarity with
the referenced specifications and industry standards.
18.1
Referenced Specifications and Standards
18.1.1
TCG Specifications
This section references 3 separate TCG specifications, which are available on the TCG website:
http://www.trustedcomputinggroup.org/

TCG Storage Core Specification, Version 2.00, Revision 1.00 (4/20/2009). TCG Core is the general
specification for trusted computing storage devices.

TCG Storage Interface Interactions Specification (SIIF), Version 1.0, (1/27/2009). Specifies the interaction
between the SSD and the SCSI/ATA protocols.

TCG Enterprise Security Subsystem Class (SSC): Enterprise, Version 1.00, rev 3.00 (1/10/2011)

o
A Security Subsystem Class defines minimum acceptable Core Specification capabilities of a
storage device in a specific class (in our case – enterprise).
o
Storage devices in specific classes may have a subset of the capabilities that are defined in the core
specification.
TCG Opal SSC, Version 2.00 Final Revision 1.00 (2/24/2012)
18.1.2
National Institute of Standards (NIST)
This section references the following NIST publications, available on the NIST website:
http://www.nist.gov/index.html












[AES] Advanced Encryption Standard, FIPS PUB 197, NIST, 2001, November
[DSS] Digital Signature Standard, FIPS PUB 186-3, NIST, 2006, March
[FIPS140] Security Requirements for Cryptographic Modules, FIPS PUB 140-2, NIST, 2002 December
[HMAC] The Keyed-Hash Message Authentication Code, FIPS PUB 198-1, 2007 June
[SHA] Secure Hash Standard (SHS), FIPS PUB 180-3, NIST, 2007 June
[SP800-38E] Recommendation for Block Cipher Modes of Operation: The XTS-AES Mode for
Confidentiality on Storage Devices, SP800-38E, NIST, 2010 January
[SP800-38F] Recommendation for Block Cipher Modes of Operation: Methods for Key Wrapping, NIST,
2012 December
[SP800-57] Recommendation for Key Management – Part I General (Revision 3), NIST, 2012 July
[SP800-88] Guidelines for Media Sanitization (Revision 1), 2014 December
[SP800-90A] Recommendation for Random Number Generation Using Deterministic Random Bit
Generators, NIST, 2012 Jan
[SP800-131A] Transitions: Recommendation for Transitioning the Use of Cryptographic Algorithms and
Key Lengths, NIST, 2011 Jan
[SP800-132] Recommendation for Password-Based Key Derivation, NIST, 2010 December
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18.1.3

SCSI Primary Commands-4 Rev 15 (SPC-4) - http://www.t10.org/
18.1.4

INCITS Standards
Department of Defense
DoD 5220.22-M, "National Industrial Security Program Operating Manual", 2/28/2006:
http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/522022m.pdf

DoD 5220.22-M Supplement 1, “National Industrial Security Program Operating Manual Supplement”,
02/1995:
http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/522022MSup1.pdf
18.2
TCG Enterprise Implementation Exceptions
The following list declares exceptions to the TCG Enterprise specification:

The ‘Locking SP’ K_AES_256 table is implemented with only the UID and MODE columns.

Only one active session is permitted at a time. If a new session is requested when a session is already
active, the drive answers the host with SP_BUSY, instead of NO_SESSIONS_AVAILABLE

TCG Enterprise states: “The TPer SHALL implement the ParamCheck Longitudinal Redundancy Check
(LRC) for Get and Set method calls on a PIN value". If the LRC check is erroneously applied to a value
other than a PIN is ignored, therefore no error is generated.

CRC checking is disabled in all cases - the SED will return data to the host. If the user successfully
authenticates, then unencrypted data is returned to the host. If the user is unable to authenticate, encrypted
data is returned to the host.

The SED replies with SP_BUSY for requests beyond 1 session.

The following features are outside the scope of TCG Enterprise.
o
Ports
o
Firmware Signing
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18.3
Encryption Algorithms
18.3.1
Advanced Encryption Standard (AES)
AES encryption is implemented with hardware, which is configured for XTS mode and 256 bit keys. AES keys are
generated internally and are never accessible externally. AES encryption is performed over T10 end-to-end data
protection fields, i.e., the fields are encrypted along with customer data.
18.3.2
‘Level 0 Discovery’ Vendor Specific Data
This section refers to section 10.2.14 of the TCG Enterprise document (see the Specifications section of this
document). This Vendor Specific section is documented below.
Table 260:
Persistent Reserve In (5E)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Dload_s
Locking_s
FDE_s
16
Version (Set to 0)
17
Vendor Specific State Information
18
Reserved
19
RSVD
MB_s
0
0
Diag_s
Reserved
20
21
RSVD
MB_e
0
0
Diag_s
Dload_e
Locking_e
FDE_e
22
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
inFIPS
23-47
Reserved
FDE_s/FDE_e
Full disk encryption is Supported (equivalent to Media Encryption in Locking Feature
Descriptor Enterprise SSC 10.2.14) / Full disk encryption is Enabled on one or more
bands.
Locking_s/Locking_e
LBA band locking is supported - locking object exists in the locking SP of the device
(equivalent to Locking Enabled in Locking Feature Descriptor Enterprise SSC 10.2.14) /
The locking object for a band has either ReadLocked or WriteLocked attribute set
(equivalent to Locked in Locking Feature Descriptor Enterprise SSC 10.2.14).
Dload_s/Dload_e
Support for Admin SP Firmware download port / Firmware download port via Admin SP
is locked.
Diag_s/Diag_e
Support for Admin SP vendor specific Diagnostic port / Diagnostics port via Admin SP
is locked.
MB_s/MB_e
Multiple encrypting bands supported / multiple encrypting bands enabled. This bit shall
be set to 1 if more than one band exists in addition to the global band and is defined with
at least one LBA.
inFIPS
This bit is set when FIPS mode has been configured.
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18.3.3
Deterministic Random Bit Generation (DRBG)
Pseudo-random number generation is implemented with NIST SP800-90A. The DRBG uses AES-256 for its
primitive. The entropy source of the DRBG has been validated to NIST SP800-90B.
18.3.4
Key Erasure and Generation
All keys and Critical Security Parameters are protected and confined inside the drive. The TCG Core specification
requires that keys and other security parameters always have an associated value throughout the lifecycle of the
SED. The following procedure is used to change keys:
1. Overwrite wrapped key material.
2. Generate a new key with the DRBG.
3. Wrap the key.
4. Store the newly wrapped key.
18.3.5
Key Wrap
The NIST SP800-38F key wrap algorithm is used to encrypt a key with another key (KEK= Key Encryption Key).
For any band i, the KEKi is derived from PINi and salti using the NIST 800-132 algorithm. The KEKi is then used
to wrap an encryption key for a band.
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18.4
TCG Enterprise Tables
Two copies of TCG tables and data structures are stored in a reserved area of the SED; one is used as a primary copy
and the other as a backup copy. The backup copy is used in the event the primary copy becomes corrupted. Each
time a write is executed to any TCG table, both the primary and backup copies of the tables are updated and saved.
In the event of a corrupted copy, the good copy is always used to restore the corrupted copy to the correct state. If
both copies of the tables become corrupted during operation, the tables will be reinitialized to default values
automatically. This will cause a key mismatch error when a read is attempted.
The default values in the TCG tables created at the time of manufacturing are per the TCG SSC specification. The
following tables contain VU (Vendor Unique) entries, which are set at manufacturing time:

‘Admin SP’ C_PIN table

‘Locking C’_PIN table

‘Locking SP’ K_AES_256 table

‘Locking SP’ Locking Access Control table

‘Locking SP’ LockingInfo table

‘Locking SP’ Locking table

DataStore Table
The VU entries for these tables are specified below. In addition, explanation of default values is given for non-VU
entries that require it.
18.4.1
‘Admin SP’ C_PIN and ‘Locking SP’ C_PIN Tables
Per TCG SSC specification, the PIN is set to the MSID at manufacturing time. HGST has specified the MSID to be
the serial number of the drive concatenated 4x. TryLimit is set to 0, meaning that there is no limit. Tries is set 0,
meaning that there have been no fail attempts. Persistence is set to 0, meaning the “Tries” value does not persist
through power cycles (The “Tries” value is reset to 0 after successful attempt or a power cycle).
Table 261:
HGST Default Values for ‘Admin SP’ C_PIN and ‘Locking SP' C_PIN
PIN
TryLimit
Tries
Persistence
SID
0
0
0
MSID
0
0
0
..
..
..
..
PSID
0
0
0
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18.4.2
‘Locking SP’ K_AES_256 Table
The K_AES_256 table has 4 rows, one row for each band that can be allocated by the user. The first row is for the
“global range”, also known as Band 0. This table was implemented without the “Name”, “CommonName”, and
“Key” Columns.
Table 262:
HGST Implementation of K_AES_256 Table
UID (8 Byte Hex)
MODE
00 00 08 06 00 00 00 01
23
00 00 08 06 00 00 00 02
23
..
..
00 00 08 06 00 00 00 04
23
The mode is specified in the TCG Enterprise SSC as a “Vendor Unique” (VU) entry. HGST initializes it in
manufacturing to mode=23 (media encryption mode, per TCG specification) for all 4 entries.
18.4.3
‘Locking SP’ Access Control Table
The TCG Enterprise defines the values for Row Number and UID as “Vendor Unique” (VU). HGST has defined
them to be the row number in the table, with a range of 0-459 The range is calculated using the following formula:
number_of_rows = (#SupportedBands * 7) +12, where



#SupportedBands = 4 (The implementation supports 4 bands)
The number 7 comes from the fact that each band has 7 UID/method combinations
The number 12 comes from the following 12 methods that must be included in the table.
1. ThisSP / Authenticate
2. AuthorityTable/Next
3. Anybody Authority Object/ Get
4. BandMasters Authority Object/ Get
5. EraseMaster Auth. Object / Get
6. C_PIN table / Next
7. EraseMaster C_PIN Object/ Set
8. LockingInfo Table / Get
9. Locking Table / Next
10. DataStore / Get
11. DataStore / Set
12. ThisSP / Random
Table 263:
HGST Implementation of ‘Locking SP’ AccessControl Table
Row Number
UID
.
0
0
.
1
1
.
.
.
.
39
39
.
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18.4.4
‘Locking SP’ LockingInfo Table
As specified in the TCG Enterprise, this table has only 1 row. The “Vendor Unique” entries are specified in the table
below. Encryption Support is initialized to EncryptionSupport = 23 (media encryption mode) at manufacturing time.
Table 264:
HGST Implementation of ‘Locking Info’ Table
.
NAME
Version
.
.
0
0
.
18.4.5
Encrypt
Support
MaxRanges
MaxReEncryption
KeysAvailableCfg
4
0
0
23
‘Locking SP’ Locking Table
The “Vendor Unique” (VU) values for this table are shown below.
Table 265:
HGST Implementation of ‘Locking SP’ Locking Table
NextKey
ReEncrypt
State
ReEncrypt
Request
AdvKey
Mode
VerfMode
ContOn
Reset
00 00 00 00h
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
00 00 00 00
00 00 00 03h
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
.
LastReEncrypt LastRe
LBA
EncStat
General
Status
Note: In the ActiveKey column, the Enterprise SCC allows for byte 3 to be defined as either 05 or 06. The HGST
implementation uses 06.
18.4.6
DataStore Table
TCG Enterprise requires SEDs to contain a DataStore table. The DataStore table provides 1024 bytes of non-volatile
storage for host access and modification. TCG allows authenticated BandMaster authorities to write to the DataStore
table. TCG Enterprise specifies that the Anybody authority is allowed to read information from the DataStore table.
NOTE: Bandmasters should not save sensitive data to the DataStore table because any connecting entity is permitted
to read the data via the unauthenticated Anybody authority.
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18.5
Firmware Download and Signing
HGST firmware signature verification provides a mechanism for secure firmware updates. Firmware is downloaded
to the SED through the host interface, and the signature is verified using a public key, before it is stored or allowed
to execute. Signature verification is implemented with FIPS 186-3 [DSS] with RSA2048 and SHA256.
Issuing a firmware download to the SED will result in an implicit close of all open sessions. Failure to verify the
firmware image will result in Check Condition with KCQ 5/26/9a (FRU 0).
18.6
Ports Feature
The ports capability is an HGST feature which is not a requirement under TCG Enterprise SSC. In order to use the
ports capabilities on SEDs, the operator must authenticate successfully. Once an operator successfully authenticates,
it may change the state of any of the ports at any time during an active session to either the locked or unlocked state.
The definition of these ports is shown below in a table.
This feature uses TCG structures and tables. An additional table, the Ports Table, has been implemented, and entries
are added to the ‘Admin SP’ ACE table and the ‘Admin SP’ AccessControl Table. The Ports Table and the modified
TCG tables are shown below.
Table 266:
Port Definitions
Port Name
Description
Firmware Download
This port has two (2) valid states: locked and unlocked.
Encrypted Drives
The download port for encrypted drives is initially unlocked; LockOnReset
is "Null". Code can be downloaded onto the drive after the signature is
verified. If the signature cannot be verified, the firmware cannot be
downloaded to the drive. The user can change the state of the firmware
download port only after authentication.
Non-Encrypted Drives
The download port for non-encryption will be set to “unlocked” at the
factory, and the user cannot change the state. Firmware will be downloaded
to the non-encryption drive through this port without signature verification.
Diagnostics
Table 267:
This port has two (2) valid states: locked and unlocked. This port allows
HGST access to modify any TCG table or key. The SID and the Maker
authorities must be authenticated to open this port. The purpose of this port
is to aid HGST in debugging the drive.
‘Admin SP’ Ports Table
UID
Name
LockOnReset
PortLocked
00 01 00 02 00 01 00 02
Firmware_Dload_Port
Null
FALSE
00 01 00 02 00 01 00 01
Diagnostic_Port
PowerCycle
TRUE
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Table 268:
Modified ‘Admin SP’ ACE Table
UID
Cmnd
Boolean
Row Row
Column
Column
Name
Expression
Start End
Start
End
Name
00 00 00 08 00 00 00 01
Anybody
“”
00 00 00 09 00 00 00 01
Null Null
‘’’’
‘’’’
00 00 00 08 00 00 00 03
Makers
‘’’’
00 00 00 09 00 00 00 03
Null Null
‘’’’
‘’’’
00 00 00 08 00 00 02 01
SID
“”
00 00 00 09 00 00 00 06
Null Null
‘’’’
‘’’’
00 00 00 08 00 00 8C 03
SID_SetSelf
“”
00 00 00 09 00 00 00 06
Null Null
“PIN”
“PIN”
00 00 00 08 00 00 8C 04
MSID_Get
“”
00 00 00 09 00 00 00 01
Null Null
“PIN”
“PIN”
00 00 00 08 00 00 8C 05
SID_Set Makers
“”
00 00 00 09 00 00 00 06
Null Null
“Enabled”
“Enabled”
“”
00 00 00 09 00 00 00 06
and
00 00 00 09 00 00 00 03
Null Null
“PortLocked”
“PortLocked”
“”
00 00 00 09 00 00 00 06
and
00 00 00 09 00 00 00 03
Null Null
“PortLocked”
“PortLocked”
“PortLocked”
“PortLocked”
00 00 00 08 00 00 8C 06
SID_Makers_
SetDiag
SetDiag
00 00 00 08 00 00 8C 07
SID_Makers_
SetDiag
SetDiag
00 00 00 08 00 00 8C 08
SID_GetPort
“”
00 00 00 09 00 00 00 06
Null Null
00 00 00 08 00 00 8C 09
SID_GetPort
“”
00 00 00 09 00 00 00 06
Null Null “LockOnReset” “PortLocked”
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Table 269:
Row
VU
VU
Modified ‘Admin SP’ AccessControl Table
UID Invoking ID
VU
VU
00 00 00 00
00 00 00 01
(ThisSP)
MethodID
Common Name
ACL
Log
Add
ACE
ACL
Remove
ACE
ACL
00 00 00 06
00 00 00 0C
Anybody
Authenticate
AdminSP
00 00 00 08
00 00 00 01
(Anybody)
None
Null
Null
Makers-NextAuthority table
00 00 00 08
00 00 00 03
(Makers)
None
Null
Null
00 00 00 08
00 00 00 03
(Makers)
(Authenticate)
00 00 00 06
00 00 00 08
(Authority Table)
(Next)
00 00 00 09
00 00 00 00
MethodID
00 00 00 06
00 00 00 0C
(Authenticate)
VU
00 00 00 09
00 00 00 01
(Anbody
Authority
Object)
00 00 00 06
00 00 00 06
(Get)
Anybody-GetAnbody Authority
Object
00 00 00 08 00
00 00 01
None
(Anybody)
Null
Null
00 00 00 08
00 00 00 01
(Anybody)
VU
00 00 00 09
00 00 00 03
(Makers
Authority
Object)
00 00 00 06
00 00 00 06
(Get)
Anybody-GetAnbody Authority
Object
00 00 00 08 00
00 00 03
None
(Makers)
Null
Null
00 00 00 08
00 00 00 03
(Makers)
VU
VU
00 00 00 09
00 00 00 06
(SID Authority
Ibject)
00 00 00 06
00 00 00 06
(Get)
SID-Get-SID
Authority Object
00 00 00 08 00
00 02 01
None
(SID)
Null
Null
00 00 00 08
00 00 02 01
(SID)
VU
VU
00 00 00 0B
00 00 00 00
(C_PIN Table)
00 00 00 06
00 00 00 08
(Next)
Makers-NextC_PIN Table
00 00 00 08 00
00 00 02
None
(Makers)
Null
Null
00 00 00 08
00 00 00 02
(Makers)
VU
VU
00 00 00 0B 00
00 00 00 06
00 00 01
00 00 00 07
(SID C_PIN
(Set)
Object)
SID_SetSelf-SetSID_C_PIN
Object
00 00 00 08
00 00 8C 03
(SID_SetSelf)
None
Null
Null
00 00 00 08
00 00 02 01
(SID)
VU
VU
00 00 00 0B
00 00 84 02
(MSID C_PIN
Object)
MSID_Get-GetMSID C_PIN
Object
00 00 00 08 00
00 8C 04
None
(MSID_Get)
Null
Null
00 00 00 08
00 00 02 01
(SID)
VU
VU
00 00 00 09 00
00 00 00 08
00 00 03
00 00 00 06 SID_SetMakers-Set00 00 8C 05
(Makers
00 00 00 07
Makers
None
(SID_SetMake
Authority
(Set)
Authority Object
rs)
Object)
Nul
Nul
00 00 00 08
00 00 02 01
(SID)
VU
VU
Nul
Nul
00 00 00 08
00 00 00 01
(Anybody)
VU
VU
00 00 00 00
00 00 00 01
(ThisSP)
00 00 00 06
00 00 00 06
(Get)
00 00 00 06
00 00 06 01
(Random)
Anybody
Random
00 00 00 08
00 00 00 01
(Anybody)
None
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Row
UID Invoking ID
MethodID
Common Name
ACL
Log
Add
ACE
ACL
Remove
ACE
ACL
MethodID
VU
VU
00 01 00 02
00 01 00 02
00 00 00 06
00 00 00 07
SID_Set_Dload
SID_SetPort
None
Nul
Nul
00 00 00 08
00 00 02 01
(SID)
VU
VU
00 01 00 02
00 01 00 02
00 00 00 06
00 00 00 06
SID_GetDload
SID_GetPort
None
Nul
Nul
00 00 00 08
00 00 02 01
(SID)
VU
VU
00 01 00 02
00 01 00 01
00 00 00 06
00 00 00 07
SID_Makers
_SetDiag
SID_Makers
_SetDiag
None
Nul
Nul
00 00 00 08
00 00 02 01
(SID)
VU
VU
00 01 00 02
00 01 00 02
00 00 00 06
00 00 00 06
SID_Makers
_SetDiag
SID_Makers
_SetDiag
None
Nul
Nul
00 00 00 08
00 00 02 01
(SID)
Note: The last two lines of the table are the additional entries required to implement the firmware download port.
18.7
MSID (Manufacturer’s Security Identifier)
The MSID is created for each drive at manufacturing time. The MSID is the serial number concatenated four (4)
times to create a 32-byte PIN. For example, if the serial number of a drive is ‘abcd1234’, the MSID would then be
set to ‘abcd1234abcd1234abcd1234abcd1234’. The TCG Revert method restores PINs to the MSID.
HGST serial numbers are unique and are generated according to the following general rules:

Maximum length of the serial number is eight (8) characters.

Serial numbers do not contain the characters “I” or “O”.
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18.8
Logging
HGST logging functions does not record any sensitive data such as customer plain text data, passwords, encryption
keys or wrapping keys.
18.9
Number of Sessions
The HGST implementation supports one (1) active session at a time. If there is a currently active session, and a new
session is requested, the drive responds to the the host with SP_BUSY. This addresses the following two scenarios:

If an SP is in session and an attempt is made to start a second session with the same SP.

If an SP is in session and an attempt is made to start a second session with a different SP.
18.10 Number of Bands
The HGST implementation supports a maximum of four (4) bands.
18.11 Number of COMIDs
The HGST Enterprise SSC implementation supports two (2) COMIDs, the minimum requirement in the Enterprise
SSC specification. There can be only one (1) COMID in use at any time.
18.12
Locked and Unlocked Behavior
18.12.1 T10 SCSI Commands
The table below describes how basic T10 SCSI commands behave on SEDs in the locked and unlocked states.
Table 270:
T10 SCSI Commands Behavior Table
Command
Unlocked
Locked
FORMAT UNIT (04)
OEM
The command cannot be executed when locked; it
must be first unlocked with the MSID or password.
INQUIRY (12)
OEM
OEM
LOG SELECT (4C)
OEM
OEM
LOG SENSE (4D)
OEM
OEM-has no access to customer data; some log
information will be available.
MODE SELECT (15)
OEM
OEM
MODE SELECT (55)
OEM
OEM
MODE SENSE (1A)
OEM
OEM
MODE SENSE (5A)
OEM
OEM
PERSISTENT RESERVE IN (5E)
OEM
OEM
PERSISTENT RESERVE IN (5F)
OEM
OEM
PRE-FETCH (34)
OEM
MSID only; limits DRAM accessibility. This is a
READ function.
READ (6) - (08)
OEM
Ent_A authorized only.
READ (10) - (28)
OEM
Ent_A authorized only.
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Command
Unlocked
Locked
READ (12) - (A8)
OEM
Ent_A authorized only.
READ (16) - (88)
OEM
Ent_A authorized only.
READ (32) (7F/09)
OEM
Ent_A authorized only.
READ BUFFER (3C)
OEM
OEM. Cannot snapshot sensitive data from DRAM.
READ CAPACITY (10) (25)
OEM
OEM
READ CAPACITY (16) (9E/10)
OEM
OEM
READ DEFECT DATA (37)
OEM
OEM
READ DEFECT DATA (B7)
OEM
OEM
READ LONG (16) (9E/11)
OEM
Ent_A authorized only.
READ LONG (3E)
OEM
Ent_A authorized only.
REASSIGN BLOCKS (07)
OEM
OEM
RECEIVE DIAGNOSTICS RESULTS (1C)
OEM
OEM
RELEASE (17)
OEM
OEM
RELEASE (57)
OEM
OEM
REPORT DEVICE IDENTIFIER (A3/05)
OEM
OEM
REPORT LUNS (A0)
OEM
OEM
REPORT SUPPORTED
OPERATION CODES (A3/0C)
OEM
OEM
REPORT SUPPORTED
TASK MANAGEMENT FUNCTIONS (A3/0D)
OEM
OEM
REQUEST SENSE (03)
OEM
OEM
RESERVE (16)
OEM
OEM
RESERVE (56)
OEM
OEM
REZERO UNIT (01)
OEM
OEM
SANITIZE (48)
OEM
OEM
SEEK (6) (0B)
OEM
OEM
SEEK (10) (2B)
OEM
OEM
SEND DIAGNOSTIC (1D)
OEM
Customer Specific.
SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER (A4/06)
OEM
OEM
START STOP UNIT (1B)
OEM
OEM
SYNCHRONIZE CACHE (10) (35)
OEM
OEM
SYNCHRONIZE CACHE (16) (91)
OEM
OEM
TEST UNIT READY (00)
OEM
OEM
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Command
Unlocked
UNMAP (42)
OEM
OEM
VERIFY (2F)
OEM
Access to customer data, but does not return data back
to customer. CRC checking is ignored, but ECC is
enabled and executable on locked LBAs.
VERIFY (12) (AF)
OEM
Access to customer data, but does not return data back
to customer. CRC checking is ignored but ECC is
enabled and executable on locked LBAs.
VERIFY (16) (8F)
OEM
Access to customer data, but does not return data back
to customer. CRC checking is ignored, but ECC is
enabled and executable on locked LBAs.
VERIFY (32) (7F/0A)
OEM
Access to customer data, but does not return data back
to customer. CRC checking is ignored, but ECC is
enabled and executable on locked LBAs.
WRITE (6) (0A)
OEM
Ent_A authorized only.
WRITE (10) (2A)
OEM
Ent_A authorized only.
WRITE (12) (AA)
OEM
Ent_A authorized only.
WRITE (16) (8A)
OEM
Ent_A authorized only.
WRITE (32) (7F/0B)
OEM
Ent_A authorized only.
WRITE AND VERIFY (10) (2E)
OEM
Ent_A authorized only.
WRITE AND VERIFY (12) (AE)
OEM
Ent_A authorized only.
WRITE AND VERIFY (16) (8E)
OEM
Ent_A authorized only.
WRITE AND VERIFY (32) (7F/0C)
OEM
Ent_A authorized only.
WRITE BUFFER (3B)(T10)
OEM
OEM (Write DRAM onto drive media.)
WRITE BUFFER (3B) (FW Downloads)
FW Signed/
Downloaded
Locked
OEM. FW is signed and downloaded; otherwise, the
WRITE BUFFER command only writes to the buffer.
WRITE LONG (10) (3F)
OEM
Per TCG and T10 specification. Ent_A authorized
only.
WRITE LONG (16) (9F/11)
OEM
Per TCG and T10 specification. Ent_A authorized
only.
WRITE SAME (41)
OEM
Ent_A authorized only.
WRITE SAME (16) (93)
OEM
Ent_A authorized only.
WRITE SAME (32) (7F/0D)
OEM
Ent_A authorized only.
SECURITY_IN
OEM
Per TCG spec. Contains TCG payload.
SECURITY_OUT
OEM
Per TCG spec. Contains TCG payload.
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18.12.2 TCG Enterprise Commands
The following table describes the behavior of required TCG Enterprise commands on encryption drives in the
locked and unlocked states. The TCG Enterprise requires the implementation of the Base, Admin, Locking, and
Crypto Templates.
Table 271:
TCG Enterprise SSC Commands Behavior
Command
Description
Unlocked
Locked
There are two types of sessions:
Session Management
1.) Read-Only
2.) Read-Write
The SSC requires that Read-Write sessions are
supported; Read-Only sessions are not allowed.
The host always initiates the session(s). See the
“Write” parameter in the StartSession method
description, TCG Core 5.2.3.1 and the SSC
requirement in SSC 6.2.1.2.
Properties
Returns the session properties to the host.
N/A
N/A
StartSession
Starts a session.
N/A
N/A
SycSession
Responds to a say session successfully started.
N/A
N/A
CloseSession
Closes (ends) a session.
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Uses the
Properties
method.
Uses the
Properties
method.
See Methods
below.
See Methods
below.
N/A – Not related
to bands/data on
drive.
Authentication
required.
N/A – Not related
to bands/data on
drive.
Authentication
required.
Allows the host to discover a TCG drive, its
properties, and table values.
Discovery
Level 0
Discovery request sent by host as an IF-RCV
command;
Security Protocol = 0x01, COMID = 0x0001
Level 1
Request basic TPER capabilities via properties using
host messaging.
Level 2
TCG methods retrieve table cell values.
Cryptographic Template
Random
This is the only required method in the crypto
template for SSC. It is a random number generator
in software.
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Command
Base Template
Description
Unlocked
Locked
Mandatory
Set
Sets a value in a table.
N/A – Not related
to bands/data on
drive.
Authentication
required.
N/A – Not related
to bands/data on
drive.
Authentication
required.
Get
Gets (reads) a value in a table.
N/A – Not related
to bands/data on
drive.
Authentication
required.
N/A – Not related
to bands/data on
drive.
Authentication
required.
ParamCheck LRC
TPer implements param check LRC (a longitudinal
Redundancy Check) on Get/Set method calls on PIN
value.
N/A
N/A
Next
Iterates over all the rows of a table. Method requires
user to specify "where" (row in table) and a "count".
If where not specified, 1st row in table is used. For
count not specified, default is number of last row in
table. Returns 0 or more row number/uidref pairs
currently in use in table, per parameters specified.
N/A – Not related
to bands/data on
drive.
Authentication
required.
N/A – Not related
to bands/data on
drive.
Authentication
required.
Authenticate
Authenticate an authority within a session (the
session must have successfully begun).
Must be
authorized.
Must be
authorized.
GetACL
Returns contents of access controls association with
ACL stored in the Method Table. The result is a list
of UIDREFS to ACE objects.
N/A – Not related
to bands/data on
drive.
Authentication
required.
N/A – Not related
to bands/data on
drive.
Authentication
required.
Can Erase if
authorized.
Can Erase if
authorized.
Locking Template
Erase
Mandatory
Performs a cryptographic erase of user data in a
specified LBA range and resets the access control
(locking) of the LBA range.
Once a Band has been erased, the LBAs must be
written before being read. An error will be returned
if an attempt is made to read an LBA before it is
written.
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
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18.13 Revert Method
The manufacturer has extended TCG Enterprise to include the TCG Opal Revert Method. Revert enables the
customer, as required by organizational policy, to overwrite existing TCG settings and restore the default values that
were written during manufacturing.
Revert introduces a new TCG authority, PSID, to the Admin SP. The PSID is hashed during the manufacturing
process, and the digest is stored in a reserved area of the drive. The PSID is also printed, in plaintext, on the external
label of the drive. The PSID PIN cannot be accessed nor changed using the interface of the drive. See RevertSP
Method.
The Revert procedure is as follows:
1. Start Session on the Admin SP.
2. Authenticate to PSID authority.
3. Execute the Revert Method.
Notes:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Revert execution may require up to 30 seconds to complete.
Revert execution that encounters an error does not close the session.
Reset of the drive during Revert will cause the subsequent power-up sequence to be extended until Revert
completes.
A successful completion of Revert automatically ends the session.
Table 272:
Revert Method – PSID Authority Added to Admin SP Authority Table
UID
Name
Common Name
IsClass
Class
Enabled
Operation
Credential
00 00 00 09
00 01 FF 01
PSID
PhysicalDriveOwner
F
Null
T
Password
C_PIN_PSID
Table 273:
Revert Method – PSID Addition to Admin SP C_PIN Table
UID
Name
Common Name
PIN
CharSet
TryLimit
Tries
Persistence
00 00 00 0B
00 01 FF 01
C_PIN_PSID
PhysicalDriveOwner
VU
Null
VU
VU
FALSE
Table 274:
Revert Method – Additions to Admin SP Access Control Table
InvokingID
MethodID
ACL
GetACLACL
AdminSPObj
00 00 02 05
00 00 00 01
Revert
00 00 00 06
00 00 02 02
ACE_SP_SID_ACE_SP_PSID
00 00 00 08
00 01 00 E0
ACE_Anybody
00 00 00 08
00 00 00 01
PSID
00 00 00 09
00 01 FF 01
Get
00 00 00 06
00 00 00 06
Anybody
00 00 00 08
00 00 00 01
Anybody
00 00 00 08
00 00 00 01
PSID
00 00 00 09
00 01 FF 01
Set
00 00 00 06
00 00 00 07
ACE_Makers_Set_Enabled
00 00 00 08
0003 00 01
Anybody
00 00 00 08
00 00 00 01
C_PIN_PSID
00 00 00 0B
00 01 FF 01
Get
00 00 00 06
00 00 00 06
ACE_C_PIN_Get_PSID_NoPIN_UID
00 00 00 80
00 01 00 E1
Anybody
00 00 00 08
00 00 00 01
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18.14 RevertSP Method
The manufacturer also supports the TCG Opal RevertSP Method to overwrite existing TCG settings and restore the
default values that were written during manufacturing. See Revert Method.
The RevertSP procedure is as follows:
1. Start Session on the Admin SP.
2. Authenticate to PSID authority.
3. Invoke the “ThisSP.RevertSP” Method.
Notes:
1.
2.
3.
4.
RevertSP execution may require up to 30 seconds to complete.
RevertSP execution that encounters an error does not close the session.
A reset of the drive during RevertSP will cause the subsequent power-up sequence to be extended until
RevertSP completes.
A successful completion of RevertSP automatically ends the session.
Table 275:
RevertSP Method – PSID Authority Added to Admin SP Authority Table
UID
Name
Common Name
IsClass
Class
Enabled
Operation
Credential
00 00 00 09
00 01 FF 01
PSID
PhysicalDriveOwner
F
Null
T
Password
C_PIN_PSID
Table 276:
RevertSP Method – PSID Addition to Admin SP C_PIN Table
UID
Name
Common Name
PIN
CharSet
TryLimit
Tries
Persistence
00 00 00 0B
00 01 FF 01
C_PIN_PSID
PhysicalDriveOwner
VU
Null
VU
VU
FALSE
Table 277:
RevertSP Method – Additions to Admin SP Access Control Table
InvokingID
MethodID
ACL
GetACLACL
ThisSP
00 00 00 00
00 00 00 01
RevertSP
00 00 00 06
00 00 00 11
ACE_SP_SID_ACE_SP_PSID
00 00 00 08
00 01 00 E0
ACE_Anybody
00 00 00 08
00 00 00 01
18.15 Error Codes
All error codes are compliant with the TCG Core specification and SIIF with the exception of the following:
1.
The maximum sessions allowed at any time is one (1).
2.
When a session is active and a new session is requested, the drive answers the host with SP_BUSY, rather
than of NO_SESSIONS_AVAILABLE.
18.16 Customer Specific Requirements
This specification does not cover customer-specific requirements. Customer-specific requirements are
submitted by the customer to HGST in the form of a customer-specification document.
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18.17 FIPS140 Cryptographic Officer Instructions
These instructions, to the Cryptographic Officer of FIPS140 models, are of paramount importance for the
correct deployment and operation of the drive. The Cryptographic Officer is a trusted operator in the
delivery and operation of the drive. Cryptographic Officers shall faithfully execute these instructions or
intended security policies can fail.
The Security Policy may be downloaded from the NIST/CMVP website. The FIPS140 model numbers,
firmware versions and hardware versions are also posted:
http://csrc.nist.gov/groups/STM/cmvp/documents/140-1/140val-all.htm
18.17.1 Physical Security
Verify that the drive has not been tampered with by inspecting the tamper evidence labels as described in
the Security Policy.
18.17.2 Certified Models, Hardware Versions and Firmware Versions
Use the INQUIRY command to read the model number and the firmware version from the device. Verify
that these have been certified by comparing against the values published in the Security Policy or on the
CMVP website Module Validation Lists.
18.17.3 Cryptographic Module Acceptance and Provisioning
Initialize cryptographic services by executing the following TCG methods:
1. StartSession and SyncSession using the 'AdminSP'.
2. Get 'MSID'.
3. Authenticate 'SID with MSID';
FAILURE indicates the Cryptographic Module has been tampered.
4. Set 'SID PIN' to your organizational value.
5. Set 'Makers.Enabled = FALSE' (required to enter FIPS mode).
6. Set ‘Firmware_Dload_Port.PortLocked = TRUE’
7. Set ‘Firmware_Dload_Port.LocOnReset = PowerCycle’
8. EndSession.
9. StartSession and SyncSession on the 'LockingSP'.
10. Authenticate 'EraseMaster with MSID';
FAILURE indicates the Cryptographic Module has been tampered.
11. Set 'EraseMaster PIN' to a new value.
12. Authenticate 'BandMaster0 with MSID';
FAILURE indicates the Cryptographic Module has been tampered.
13. Set 'BandMaster0 PIN' to a new value.
14. Repeat Steps [12-13] for each Band required by the organizational policy.
15. EndSession.
16. OPTIONAL: Reset the SED.
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18.17.4 Zeroization of the Cryptographic Module
The TCG Revert method overwrites all security parameters to factory defaults:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
StartSession and SyncSession on 'AdminSP'.
Authenticate 'PSID'.
Execute the TCG Revert or Revert SP method.
EndSession.
OPTIONAL: Reset the drive.
18.17.5 Security Protocol Parameters
18.17.5.1 Security Protocol Information Description
The security protocol information security protocol (i.e., the SECURITY PROTOCOL field set to 00h in
a SECURITY PROTOCOL IN command) returns security protocol related information. A SECURITY
PROTOCOL IN command in which the Security Protocol field is set to 00h is not associated with a
previous SECURITY PROTOCOL OUT command and shall be processed without regard for whether a
SECURITY PROTOCOL OUT command has been processed. If the SECURITY PROTOCOL IN
command is supported, the Security Protocol field set to 00h shall be supported as defined in the SCSI
Specification.
18.17.5.2 CDB Description
If the Security Protocol field is set to 00h in a SECURITY PROTOCOL IN command, the contents of
the Security Protocol Specific field are defined in the following table.
Table 278:
Security Protocol Specific Field for SECURITY PROTOCOL IN Protocol 00h
Code
Description
Support
Reference
0000h
Supported Security Protocol List
Mandatory
SPC-4 7.7.1.3
0001h
Certificate Data
Mandatory
SPC-4 7.7.1.4
0002h
Security Compliance Information
Optional
SPC-4 7.7.1.5
-
-
All others.
Reserved
Notes:
1.
The remaining CDB fields for the SECURITY PROTOCOL IN command shall meet the requirements as
stated in the SCSI Specification.
2.
Each time a SECURITY PROTOCOL IN command with the Security Protocol field set to 00h is received,
the device server shall transfer data as defined in this specification, starting with Byte 0
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
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18.17.5.3 Certificate Data Description
A certificate is either an X.505 Public Key Certificate or an X.509 Attribute Certificate, depending upon
the capabilities of the logical unit. If the Security Protocol field is set to 00h and the Security Protocol
Specific field is set to 0001h in a SECURITY PROTOCOL IN command, then the parameter data shall
have the format of the following table.
Table 279:
Certificate Data SECURITY PROTOCOL IN Parameter Data
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
0
Reserved
1
(MSB)
2
Certificate Length (m-3)
(LSB)
3
4
Certificate
...
m
m+1
...
Pad Bytes (if any)
n
Notes:
1.
The Certificate Length field indicates the total length, in bytes, of the certificate or certificates that follow;
the length may include more than one certificate.
2.
If the device server does not have a certificate to transfer, the Certificate Length field shall be set to 0000h.
3.
The contents of the certificate field are defined in the following Public Key Certificate Description and
Attribute Certification Description sections in this specification.
4.
The total data length shall conform to the Allocation Length field requirements. Pad Bytes may be
appended to equal this length. Pad Bytes shall have a value of 00h.
18.17.5.4 Public Key Certificate Description
RFC 5280 defines the certificate syntax for certificates consistent with the X.509v3 Public Key
Certificate Specification.
18.17.5.5 Attribute Certificate Description
RFC 3281 defines the certificate syntax for certificates consistent with the X.509v2 Attribute Certificate
Specification.
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18.17.6 Security Compliance Information Description
The security compliance information parameter data contains information about security standards that
apply to the target device. If the Security Protocol field is set to 00h and the Security Protocol Specific
field is set to 0002h in a SECURITY PROTOCOL command, then the parameter data shall have the
format as shown in the following table.
Table 280:
Security Compliance Information SECURITY PROTOCOL IN Parameter Data
Bit
Byte
7
0
(MSB)
...
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Security Compliance Information Length (m-3)
(LSB)
3
Compliance Descriptors
4
...
Compliance Descriptor [First]
.
.
.
...
Compliance Descriptor [Last]
n
m+1
...
Pad Bytes (if any)
n
Notes:
1.
The Security Compliance Information Length field indicates the total length, in bytes, of the compliance
descriptors that follow.
2.
Each compliance descriptor will contain information about a security standard that applies to the target
device; the compliance descriptors may be returned in any order.
3.
The total data length shall conform to the Allocation Length field requirements. Pad Bytes may be
appended to equal this length. Pad Bytes shall have a value of 00h.
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18.17.7 Compliance Descriptor Overview
The format of a compliance descriptor in the security compliance information SECURITY PROTOCOL
IN parameter data is shown in the following table.
Table 281:
Compliance Descriptor Format
Bit
Byte
7
0
(MSB)
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Compliance Descriptor Type
(LSB)
1
2
Reserved
3
4
(MSB)
Compliance Descriptor Length (n-3)
...
(LSB)
7
8
Descriptor Specific Information
...
n
Notes:
1. The Compliance Descriptor Type field (see the following table) indicates the format of the
descriptor-specific information. The security compliance information SECURITY PROTOCOL
IN parameter data may contain more than one compliance descriptor with the same value in the
Compliance Descriptor Type field.
Table 282:
Compliance Descriptor Type Field
Code
Description
0001h
Security requirements for cryptographic modules.
All others.
Reserved
Related Standards
FIPS 140-2
FIPS 140-3
Reference
SPC-4 7.7.1.5.3
-
-
2. The compliance Descriptor Length field indicates the number of bytes that follow in the
compliance descriptor.
3. The contents of the descriptor-specific information depend on the value in the Compliance
Descriptor type field.
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18.17.8 FIPS 140 Compliance Descriptor
The FIPS 140 Compliance Descriptor will contain information that may be used to locate a FIPS 140 Certificate
associated with the target device. The target device may or may not be operating in the mode as specified by that
certificate.
Table 283:
FIPS 140 Compliance Descriptor
Bit
Byte
7
0
(MSB)
1
2
6
5
4
3
2
Compliance Descriptor Type (0001h)
1
0
(LSB)
Reserved
3
(MSB)
4
Compliance Descriptor Length (0000 0208h)
...
(LSB)
7
8
Related Standard (32h; FIPS 140-2)
9
Overall Security Level
10
Reserved
...
15
(MSB)
16
Compliance Descriptor Hardware Version
...
(LSB)
143
144
(MSB)
Compliance Descriptor Version
...
(LSB)
271
272
(MSB)
Compliance Descriptor Module Name
...
(LSB)
527
Notes:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
The Compliance Descriptor Type field and Compliance Descriptor Length field are defined in the previous sections of
this specification and shall be set as shown in the above table for the FIPS 140 Compliance Descriptor.
The Related Standard field is an ASCII data field that indicates the related standard described by this compliance
descriptor.
The Overall Security Level field is an ASCII data field that indicates the FIPS 140 overall security level that is reported
by NIST or CSEC.
The Compliance Descriptor Hardware Version field is null-terminated, null-padded data that indicates the version
number of the hardware in the module, as reported by NIST or CSEC.
The Compliance Descriptor Version field is null-terminated, null-padded data that indicates the version number of the
firmware or software in the module, as reported by NIST or CSEC. The value in the field is not related to the Product
Revision Level field of standard INQUIRY data.
The Compliance Descriptor Module Name is null-terminated, null-padded data that indicates the name or identifier of
the cryptographic module, as reported by NIST or CSEC.
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Index
Caution
Electrostatic Discharge ........................................ 24
ESD...................................................................... 24
Class B Notices
Canada ................................................................. 96
European Union ................................................... 96
Germany ............................................................... 96
Korea (KCC)........................................................ 96
Taiwan (BSMI) .................................................... 96
Data Integrity
Equipment Status ................................................. 71
Error Recover Procedure ..................................... 71
failsafe write cache .............................................. 71
DC Power
12V ...................................................................... 77
5V ........................................................................ 77
Capacitance .......................................................... 77
Max. Spike Voltage ............................................. 77
Power Consumption Efficiency Index ................. 85
Power Slew Requirements ................................... 85
Supply Rise Time ................................................ 77
Tolerance ............................................................. 77
Diagnostics
Background Medium Scan ................................ 340
Default Self-Test................................................ 338
Power-On ........................................................... 338
Self-Test Modes ................................................. 339
Self-Test Modes, Background ........................... 340
Self-Test Modes, Foreground ............................ 340
Self-Tests, Extended .......................................... 338
Self-Tests, Short ................................................ 338
Electrical Interface
Ground Signals .................................................... 74
READY LED Output ........................................... 74
SAS Connector .................................................... 72
Signal Definitions ................................................ 73
Voltage ................................................................ 74
Electromagnetic Compatibility
Class B Regulatory Notices ................................. 96
Conducted RF ...................................................... 95
EFT/B Immunity.................................................. 96
ESD Immunity ..................................................... 96
ITE Immunity ...................................................... 95
Power Frequency Magnetic Field Immunity ....... 96
Radiated RF ......................................................... 95
Radiated RF Immunity ........................................ 96
Surge Immunity ................................................... 96
Voltage Dips ........................................................ 96
Voltage Flicker .................................................... 95
Voltage Fluctuation ............................................. 95
Voltage Interruption ............................................ 96
Environmental
Acoustics ............................................................. 92
Cooling Requirements ......................................... 76
Humidity .............................................................. 75
Shock ................................................................... 92
Storage Requirements .......................................... 76
Temperature ......................................................... 75
Vibration .............................................................. 92
Introduction
Byte Ordering Conventions ................................. 25
Datasheet ............................................................. 30
Formatted Capacities ........................................... 27
Glossary ............................................................... 24
Inquiry Information ............................................. 31
Product ID ........................................................... 20
Labels
bar code ............................................................... 94
certification marks ............................................... 94
HGST ................................................................... 94
interface definition ............................................... 94
user designed ....................................................... 94
Legal Notices
copyright ................................................................ 2
disclaimer .............................................................. 2
patents ....................................................................2
products .................................................................2
Link Layer
Address Frames ................................................. 106
Error Handling ................................................... 110
Frame Type ........................................................ 106
Identify Address Frame ..................................... 107
OPEN Address Frame........................................ 109
Reason Field ...................................................... 108
Mechanical
dimensions ........................................................... 89
Height .................................................................. 87
Interface Connector ............................................. 91
Length (base) ....................................................... 87
Length (connector) .............................................. 87
mounting .............................................................. 91
mounting holes .................................................... 90
mounting positions .............................................. 90
SFF-8223 ............................................................. 91
weight .................................................................. 88
Width ................................................................... 87
Performance Characteristics
Data Transfer Speeds ........................................... 35
Drive Ready Time ............................................... 34
Random Writes .................................................... 70
SSD Command Overhead .................................... 34
SSD Response Time ............................................ 34
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
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Phy Layer
bit priorities ....................................................... 105
Hard Reset ......................................................... 103
Link Reset Sequence ......................................... 102
Link Speed Negotiation ..................................... 104
OOB (Out of Band) ........................................... 103
PHY Error Handling .......................................... 105
Power Management ........................................... 106
Train SNW......................................................... 105
Power Supply Current
HE Models ........................................................... 77
ME Models .......................................................... 79
RI Models ............................................................ 81
Priority Commands
Inquiry ............................................................... 335
Report Luns ....................................................... 335
Request Sense .................................................... 335
Test Unit Ready ................................................. 335
Reliability
Data Reliability .................................................... 86
Failure Prediction ................................................ 86
Mean Time Between Failure ............................... 86
Preventative Maintenance .................................... 86
S.M.A.R.T. .......................................................... 86
Temperature ......................................................... 86
Ripple Volage
+12V DC ............................................................. 85
+5V DC ............................................................... 85
Max. mVpp .......................................................... 85
MHz ..................................................................... 85
SAS Attachment
Address Format.................................................. 100
Features................................................................ 99
General ................................................................ 98
IEEE Registered Name Format.......................... 101
Link Layer ......................................................... 106
PHY Layer ......................................................... 102
Port Identifier ..................................................... 100
Port Name .......................................................... 100
SAS Address ...................................................... 100
Transport Layer ................................................. 112
SCSI Commands
Control Byte ...................................................... 125
FORMAT UNIT (04h) ...................................... 126
INQUIRY (12h) ................................................. 131
LOG SELECT (4Ch) ......................................... 157
LOG SENSE (4Dh) ........................................... 160
Mandatory.......................................................... 123
MODE SELECT (15h) ...................................... 190
MODE SELECT (1Ah) ..................................... 192
MODE SELECT (55h) ...................................... 191
MODE SENSE (5Ah) ........................................ 225
Optional ............................................................. 123
PERSISTENT RESERVE IN (5Eh) .................. 226
PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT (5Fh) .............. 229
PRE-FETCH (34h) ............................................ 233
PRE-FETCH (90h) ............................................ 233
READ (08h) ....................................................... 234
READ (28h) ....................................................... 235
READ (7Fh/09h) ............................................... 239
READ (88h) ....................................................... 238
READ (A8h) ...................................................... 237
READ BUFFER (3Ch) ...................................... 240
READ CAPACITY (25h) .................................. 247
READ DEFECT DATA (37h) ........................... 250
READ DEFECT DATA (B7h) .......................... 252
READ LONG (3Eh) .......................................... 254
READ LONG (9Eh/11h) ................................... 255
REASSIGN BLOCKS (07h) ............................. 256
RECEIVE DIAGNOSTIC RESULTS (1Ch) ..... 257
RELEASE (17h) ................................................ 258
RELEASE (57h) ................................................ 259
REPORT DEVICE IDENTIFIER (A3h/05h) .... 260
REPORT LUNS (A0h) ...................................... 262
REPORT SUPPORTED OP CODEs (A3h/0Ch)
....................................................................... 263
REPORT SUPPORTED TASK MNGT
FUNCTIONS (A3h/0Dh) .............................. 270
REQUEST SENSE (03h) .................................. 272
RESERVE (16h) ................................................ 273
RESERVE (56h) ................................................ 274
REZERO UNIT (01h)........................................ 275
SANTIZE (48h) ................................................. 276
SECURITY PROTOCOL IN (A2) .................... 277
SECURITY PROTOCOL OUT (B5) ................ 279
SEEK (0Bh) ....................................................... 281
SEEK (2Bh) ....................................................... 281
SEND DIAGNOSTIC (1Dh) ............................. 282
SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER (A4h) ................... 288
START STOP UNIT (1Bh) ............................... 289
Status Byte ......................................................... 322
SYNCHRONIZE CACHE (35h) ....................... 290
SYNCHRONIZE CACHE (91h) ....................... 291
TEST UNIT READY (00h) ............................... 292
UNMAP (42h) ................................................... 293
VERIFY (07h/0Ah) ........................................... 299
VERIFY (2Fh) ................................................... 296
VERIFY (8Fh) ................................................... 298
VERIFY (AFh) .................................................. 298
WRITE (0Ah) .................................................... 300
WRITE (2Ah) .................................................... 301
WRITE (7Fh/0Bh) ............................................. 304
WRITE (8Ah) .................................................... 303
WRITE (AAh) ................................................... 303
WRITE AND VERIFY (2Eh) ........................... 305
WRITE AND VERIFY (7Fh/0Ch) .................... 307
WRITE AND VERIFY (8Eh) ........................... 306
WRITE AND VERIFY (AEh) ........................... 306
WRITE BUFFER (3Bh) .................................... 308
WRITE LONG (3Fh) ......................................... 313
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
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WRITE LONG (9Fh/11h).................................. 317
WRITE SAME (41h) ......................................... 318
WRITE SAME (7Fh/0Dh) ................................. 320
WRITE SAME (93h) ......................................... 319
SCSI Protocol
Active I/O Process ............................................. 324
Additional Information ...................................... 323
command processing ......................................... 324
command processing, Format ............................ 326
command processing, Sanitize ........................... 326
command processing, Startup ............................ 326
Deferred Error Condition ................................... 327
Degraded Mode ................................................. 328
Internal Error Condition .................................... 327
Invalid LUN Processing .................................... 324
Status Byte Reporting, priority .......................... 323
Unit Attention Condition ................................... 325
Security
Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) .............. 377
Department of Defense ...................................... 376
INCITS .............................................................. 376
NIST .................................................................. 375
TCG Exceptions ................................................ 376
TCG Specifications............................................ 375
Sense Data
Additional Sense Length.................................... 354
Command Specific Information......................... 354
Error Code ......................................................... 352
FRU ................................................................... 366
Illegal Request ................................................... 366
Incorrect Length Indicator (ILI) ........................ 352
Information Bytes .............................................. 354
Not Ready .......................................................... 368
Physical Error Record ........................................ 368
Qualifier ............................................................. 354
Recovered .......................................................... 367
Reserved ............................................................ 368
Sense Code ........................................................ 354
Sense Data Description ...................................... 352
Sense Data Format ............................................. 351
Sense Key .................................................. 353, 354
UEC ................................................................... 354
Unit Error Codes ................................................ 369
vendor-unique .................................................... 368
Standards
C-UL .................................................................... 97
European .............................................................. 97
Flammability ........................................................ 97
German Safety Mark ........................................... 97
UL ........................................................................ 97
Transport Layer
Command Info Unit ........................................... 114
Data Info Units .................................................. 117
Frame Format .................................................... 112
Layer Error Handling ......................................... 122
Response Info Unit ............................................ 118
RESPONSE Info Units ...................................... 120
SSP Info Units ................................................... 121
TASK Info Unit ................................................. 115
XFER_RDY Info Units ..................................... 117
Ultrastar SSD800MH.B | Ultrastar SSD1600MM | Ultrastar SSD1600MR
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© 2015 HGST, Inc. All rights reserved.
HGST, a Western Digital company
3403 Yerba Buena Road
San Jose, CA 95135
Produced in the United States
United States:
International:
Fax:
800-801-4618 (Toll-Free)
408-717-6000
408-717-5000
10 June 2015
Ultrastar is a trademark of HGST, Inc. and its affiliates in the United States and/or other countries.
HGST trademarks are authorized for use in countries and jurisdictions in which HGST has the right to
use, market and advertise the brands. HGST shall not be held liable to third parties for unauthorized use
of HGST trademarks.
All other trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
References in this publication to HGST products, programs or services do not imply that HGST intends
to make these available in all countries in which HGST operates. Product information is provided for
information purposes only and does not constitute a warranty. Information is true as of the date of
publication and is subject to change. Actual results may vary.
This publication is for general guidance only. Photographs may show design models.
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