Safety Guidelines (Physical Activity in Schools

Safety Guidelines (Physical Activity in Schools
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
This document has been produced in association with The Manitoba Physical Education Teachers Association [MPETA], a non-profit incorporated organization;
Sport Manitoba [SM]; the Manitoba Physical Education Supervisors Association [MPESA]; the Manitoba Association of School Trustees [MAST]; and the Bureau de l’éducation
française [Bef] division, Manitoba Education & Training. We would like to thank the Manitoba Safety Guidelines Development Committee for their dedication and hard work.
Their considerable effort throughout the lengthy review, validation and re-writing process reflects their sincere concern for student safety in physical education.
Laurel Hanna
Committee Chair
Manitoba Physical Education Teachers Association
Agassiz School Division
Frank Clark
Sport Program Assistant
Sport Manitoba
Keith Thomas
Risk Manager
Manitoba Association of School Trustees
Jacques Dorge
Physical Education/Health Education Consultant
Bureau de l’éducation française division
Manitoba Education & Training
Bill Morgan
Physical Education Co-Ordinator
Transcona Springfield School Division
Manitoba Physical Education Supervisors Association
Guy McKim
Physical & Health Education Consultant
St. Vital School Division
Manitoba Physical Education Supervisors Association
Morris Glimcher
Executive Director
Manitoba High Schools Athletic Association
Allen Willoughby
Editor
Thank you to the Ontario Physical and Health Education Association [OPHEA] for the initiative and production of the Ontario Safety Guidelines. The document copyright was
purchased from OPHEA and was used as a working base for the Manitoba Safety Guidelines.
Thank you also to the many School Boards who have supported this initiative.
Inquiries can be addressed to:
MPETA, 191 Harcourt Street, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3J 3H2
DISCLAIMER
These guidelines have been developed to assist school boards in their formulation of site specific safety guidelines for physical education, intramural sports programs and interscholastic
athletics. These guidelines are, to the best of the Manitoba Safety Guidelines Development Committee’s knowledge, based upon the most current knowledge and experience available in
Canada. Implementation of safety guidelines should in all cases be preceded by a close review of these guidelines and appropriate modification on the part of each school board in
order to meet the specific requirements and circumstances of their respective schools and programs. The Manitoba Safety Guidelines Development Committee accepts no responsibility
for the implementation and customizing of these guides.
copyright © 1997
[OPHEA]
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Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
Curricular -- All Grades
We would also like to thank the following Manitoba school divisions who have contributed toward the completion of this document:
Antler River School Division #43
Assiniboine South School Division #3
Beautiful Plains School Division #31
Birdtail River School Division #38
Boundary School Division #16
Brandon School Division #40
Dauphin Ochre School Division #1
DSFM School Division #49
Flin Flon School Division #46
Fort Garry School Division #5
Fort la Bosse School Division #41
Frontier School Division #48
Garden Valley School Division #26
Intermountain School Division #36
Kelsey School Division #45
Lakeshore School Division #23
Leaf Rapids School Division #2460
Midland School Division #25
Morris MacDonald School Division #19
Mountain School Division #28
Mystery Lake School Division #2355
Portage la Prairie School Division #24
Prairie Spirit School Division #50
Red River School Division #17
Rhineland School Division #18
River East School Division #9
Rolling River School Division #39
St. Boniface School Division #4
St. James School Division #2
St. Vital School Division #6
Seine River School Division #14
Seven Oaks School Division #10
Snow Lake School Division #2309
Souris Valley School Division #42
Sprague School Division #2439
Swan Valley School Division #35
Transcona-Springfield School Division #12
Turtle River School Division #32
White Horse Plain School Division #20
Whiteshell School Division #2408
Winnipeg School Division #1
Agassiz School Division #13
Churchill School Division #2264
Western School Division #47
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Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
OVERALL CONTENTS OF THIS DOCUMENT
Acknowledgement -- Pages 1 & 2
Disclaimer -- Page 1
The Safety Guideline contents of this document are found in
three separate sections:
Section ONE -- CURRICULAR -- Pages 4 - 88
Section TWO -- INTRAMURAL -- Pages 89 - 107
Section THREE -- INTERSCHOLASTIC -- Pages 108 - 165
The APPENDIX covering all three sections is found at the end
of the document, starting on page 166.
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Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of Contents.......................................................................................... 4-5
Background .................................................................................................... 6
Intent of the Provincial Safety Guidelines in Physical Education................. 6
Impact and Scope of the Document.......................................................... 6-10
Safety and Liability......................................................................................... 11
Environmental Concerns.......................................................................... 12-13
ACTIVITY
PAGE
Aerobics [see Fitness Activities]
Aquatics/Synchronized Swimming................................................................. 14
Archery ........................................................................................................... 15
Ball Hockey ..................................................................................................... 16
Basketball ....................................................................................................... 17
Bench, Chair & Utility Box Activities............................................................ 18
Boardsailing ................................................................................................... 19
Bowling ........................................................................................................... 20
Broomball ....................................................................................................... 21
Cricket ........................................................................................................... 22
Cross Country Running and Orienteering .................................................... 23
Cross Country Skiing/Snow-Shoeing/Snow Skating..................................... 24
Curling ........................................................................................................... 25
Cycling ........................................................................................................... 26
Dance/Rhythmic Gymnastics ........................................................................ 27
Diving ........................................................................................................... 27
Dodgeball ....................................................................................................... 28
Fencing ........................................................................................................... 28
Field Hockey ................................................................................................... 29
Fitness Activities .............................................................................................. 30
Floor Hockey ................................................................................................... 31
Football - Flag/Touch .................................................................................... 32
ACTIVITY
PAGE
Golf.................................................................................................................. 33
Gym Ringette [see Floor Hockey]
Gymnastics.......................................................................................... 34, 38, 40
[General procedures; Parallel bars; Rings; Floor; Balance Beam; Ropes; etc]
Gymnastics - Mat Work, Climber, Climbing Ropes ........................ 35, 36, 37
Gymnastics - Beat Board............................................................................... 39
Gymnastics - Trampoline...............................................................................41
Gymnastics - Mini Tramp............................................................................... 42
Gymnastics - Pyramid Building..................................................................... 43
Horseback Riding............................................................................................ 44
Ice Hockey....................................................................................................... 45
In-line Skating................................................................................................ 46
Kinball..................................................................................................... ........47
Lacrosse [Box/Field]....................................................................................... 47
Inter-Lacrosse [Soft]....................................................................................... 48
Martial Arts................................................................................... ...................48
Outdoor Education - General Procedures .................................................... 49
Outdoor Education - Backpacking ............................................................... 50
Outdoor Education - Camping [No Canoeing] ........................................... 51
Outdoor Education - Canoeing ..................................................................... 52
Outdoor Education - Canoe Tripping ...................................................53 & 54
Outdoor Education - Flat Water Kayaking ................................................... 55
Outdoor Education on pages 49 to 59 have been removed.
Refer to page 41 to 159 in YouthSafe Manitoba: School Field
Trip Resource (Safety First section) to set the standard of
care for those activities.
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ACTIVITY
PAGE
ACTIVITY
Outdoor Education - Lake Swimming .......................................................... 56
Outdoor Education - Rock Climbing/Rope and
Fixed Face Climbs/Rappel Towers ......................................................... 57
Outdoor Education - Sailing ......................................................................... 58
Outdoor Education - Winter Camping .......................................................... 59
Parachute ....................................................................................................... 60
Racquet Sports................................................................................................ 61
Badminton, Tennis, Pickleball,
Paddle Tennis, Racquetball, Paddleball,
Handball, Squash
Rhythmic Gymnastics [see Dance]
Ringette [On Ice]............................................................................................ 62
Rugby............................................................................................................... 63
Scoopball........................................................................................................ 64
Scooter Boards ................................................................................................ 65
Scuba Diving .................................................................................................. 66
Self Defense [See Martial Arts]
Skating [Ice]................................................................................................... 67
Skiing [Alpine]/Snowboarding ..................................................................... 68
Skipping ......................................................................................................... 69
Snorkeling ...................................................................................................... 70
PAGE
Soccer [indoor/outdoor] ................................................................................ 71
Softball/Lob Ball/3 Pitch ................................................................................ 72
Synchronized Swimming [see Aquatics]
Table Tennis ................................................................................................... 73
Team Handball ............................................................................................... 74
Tetherball........................................................................................................ 75
Tobogganing .................................................................................................. 76
Track and Field - Discus ................................................................................. 77
Track and Field - High Jump ......................................................................... 78
Track and Field - Hurdles ............................................................................... 79
Track and Field - Javelin ................................................................................ 79
Track and Field - Pole Vault ........................................................................... 79
Track and Field - Shot Put ............................................................................. 80
Track and Field - Sprints, 400 m, 800m, 1500m, 3000m Relays.................. 81
Track and Field - Triple Jump, Long Jump..................................................... 82
Track and Field - Triathlon............................................................................. 83
Ultimate........................................................................................................... 84
Volleyball ........................................................................................................ 85
Wall Climbing................................................................................................. 86
Waterpolo ........................................................................................................ 87
Weight Training.............................................................................................. 88
Wrestling......................................................................................................... 88
.
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Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
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PHYSICAL EDUCATION
SAFETY GUIDELINES [ALL GRADES]
BACKGROUND:
This is the first Provincial Safety Guidelines Document for Physical Education to be offered in Manitoba. The copyright of the Ontario Safety Guidelines document was
purchased from OPHEA [The Ontario Physical and Health Education Association], and these guidelines were adapted for use in Manitoba. Numerous Manitoba partner
groups have contributed to the development of this valuable document. They include: The Manitoba Physical Education Teachers Association [MPETA]; The Manitoba
Physical Education Supervisor’s Association [MPESA]; Sport Manitoba [SM]; The Manitoba High Schools Athletic Association [MHSAA]; The Manitoba Association of School
Trustees [MAST]; and the Bureau de l’éducation francaise [Bef] division, Manitoba Education & Training.
INTENT OF THE PROVINCIAL SAFETY GUIDELINES IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION:
The primary responsibility for the care and safety of students rests with the school board and its employees. An important aspect in fulfilling this role is to recognize that there
is an element of risk in all physical activity and to take action accordingly. To this end, the safety guidelines writing team, as well as physical educators and sport leaders
across Manitoba, have identified and analyzed reasonably foreseeable risks and have developed procedures that help minimize to the greatest extent possible, the risk of a
preventable accident or injury. A guideline alone does not eliminate risk regardless of how well it is written or how effectively it is implemented. Safety awareness, by the
teacher, based on up-to-date information, common sense observation, action and foresight, is the key to safe programming. The intent of the Provincial Safety Guidelines is
to focus teachers’ attention on safe instructional practices for each class activity, in order to minimize the inherent element of risk. By implementing safe instructional
practices [such as the use of logical teaching progressions and developmentally age-appropriate activities in program preparations, planning and daily teaching], the educator will guard against foreseeable risks. Hopefully, through this implementation process, this document will assist educators in fulfilling their obligation to provide the safest
possible environment in which all students, regardless of physical, mental, emotional abilities/challenges or cultural background, can be physically active.
IMPACT AND SCOPE OF THIS DOCUMENT:
The Curricular Instruction section of these guidelines is intended to support the delivery of the prescribed Kindergarten to Senior 4 Physical Education/Health Education:
Manitoba Curriculum Framework of Outcomes for Active Healthy Lifestyles. This document dilineates minimum guidelines for physical educators and administrators in
addressing the physical activity-related components of the Physical Education/Health Education curriculum. Safety guidelines for Intramural and Interscholastic activity
can be found in separate sections.
A) GENERIC ISSUES
It should be recognized that there are many common guidelines of safety which apply to all class activities. Some such commonalities are as follows:
1) Prior to students participating in any physical activity, teachers need to be aware of their medical background and physical limitations. This includes knowledge of
students with heart disorders, asthma, epilepsy, diabetes, severe allergies, etc. Each school needs to develop a process by which medical information is made available to
teachers. This information must be supplied by the student’s parent, ward, or guardian (see Appendix A).
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2) A fully stocked First Aid Kit must be readily accessible to the gymnasium. For a sample listing of first aid items, see Appendix B. When activities are offered away from
school property, an appropriate portable first aid kit must be readily accessible. An emergency action plan to deal with accidents in physical education must be developed
in all schools. For details on an emergency action plan, see Appendix D.
3) Prior to teaching the skills of the activity, the teacher must: outline the possible risks of the activity [warnings of possible dangers], demonstrate how to minimize the
risks and set procedures and rules for safe play. Signage should be used where necessary. Different weather conditions for outdoor activities must be considered [egstudents may need to apply sunscreen; wear hats; increase their fluid intake; and/or dress appropriately. See pages 12 and 13.]
4) Teachers must inform their students of the locations of the fire alarms, the fire exits and alternate routes from the gymnasium.
5) Many different situations may arise involving the transportation of students away from the school for activities. It is important that parents are made aware of the mode
of transportation and student expectations. The means and frequency of communication required must be established with the school principal. Consideration must
also be given to informing parents when students are involved in activities which take them off the immediate school property [e.g. cross country running]. Refer to
individual Board policy for Field Trip procedures related to the need for parent/guardian permission.
6) If students are involved in any activity or sport [e.g., a low organization game] which is not described in this guideline, refer to the guidelines of an activity that it most
resembles.
7) Approval from the appropriate school board official must be received if a teacher wishes to include activities different from this document or board guidelines and/or
modify guidelines listed herein. As part of this process, the teacher must demonstrate that all appropriate precautions will be taken in the interest of student safety. The
school administration must approve the proposal and must also obtain school division approval.
8) Preventative action must be taken when unsafe conditions are identified! When an injury occurs due to unsafe conditions, corrective actions must take place to help
prevent its reoccurrence.
9) Many activities address the issue of body contact, stick on body contact and stick on stick contact. In an effort to promote a common understanding of the term, this
document views contact as intentional contact with the purpose of gaining an advantage in the specific activity.
10) At the beginning of the school year/semester, teachers must instruct students in appropriate changeroom conduct as well as emphasize the need to change quickly and
proceed to the gym. Reinforce this guideline as necessary during the school year.
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B) SPECIFIC COMPONENTS
Guidelines for each class activity are outlined according to the following critical components:
Equipment
Clothing/Footwear
Facilities
Special Rules/Instruction
Supervision
All guidelines found in the generic section, activity pages and appendices are mandatory. An activity must not occur without these guidelines being addressed.
EQUIPMENT:
a) Defective equipment must be removed and/or taken out of use immediately upon detection. When using any equipment that is not described in the document, care must
be taken to ensure it is safe for use [e.g., no sharp edges, cracks, or splinters] and that it’s size, mass and strength are appropriate for the user.
b) All balls must be properly inflated.
c) No “home-made” or “purchased second-hand” equipment is to be used without the expressed permission of the school administration [e.g.- personal hockey sticks,
floor hockey shafts, plastic containers]. School divisions must develop a policy on the use of home-made equipment. Equipment can be made at school by Board
employees, adult volunteers and by students who are under direct supervision.
d) If the teacher permits the students to use their own equipment [e.g., badminton racquets, skis, inline skates], the teacher must ensure that the equipment is in good
working order and suitable for personal use within the program.
CLOTHING AND FOOTWEAR:
a) Students must wear appropriate clothing for physical education classes. Shorts or sweat pants, T-shirts and appropriate running shoes should be a minimum uniform
requirement. Deviations from this minimum are listed on activity sheets. Some ill-fitting clothing, scarves, jewelry, hard-soled shoes and socks-without-shoes can inhibit
movement and possibly cause injury during active movement. Where cultural dress presents a safety concern, modifications to the activity must be made.
b) Jewelry which presents a safety concern must be removed. Jewellery that cannot be removed and which presents a safety concern [e.g., Medical Alert identification,
religious/cultural jewelry], must be taped. Long hair must be secured so as not to block vision. Eye glasses may need to be removed or secured.
Parents and students must be made aware of safety precautions with eye glasses including the need for an eyeglass strap and/or shatterproof glass for some activities [see
Appendix A - Letter to Parents/Guardians].
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FACILITIES:
a) To provide a safe environment for class activities the teacher must make a pre-activity check of the facilities and equipment to be used. This could be done visually or
recorded on a checklist [see Appendix F]. The minimum requirement is a pre-use visual check. Hazards must be identified and removed if they are a factor in the activity.
Potentially dangerous and immovable objects [e.g., goal posts, protruding stage] must be brought to the attention of students and administration. All equipment must be
checked regularly to ensure it is in good working order. Equipment listed in the document applies only to safety. Students must be encouraged to report equipment or
facility problems to the teachers, who must report [in writing] any equipment or facility problems to the school administration.
b) Facilities and major equipment must be inspected and a signed written report completed on a regular basis [e.g., annually].
c) Equipment/furniture which is hazardous to the activity must not be stored around the perimeter of the gymnasium. Mats secured to the wall as well as an appropriate
number of benches, are exceptions to this statement.
d) For all indoor activities, walls and stages must not be used for turning points or finish lines. A line or pylon could be designated in advance of the wall. Foreseeable risks
must be identified and precautions taken to minimize risks. For safety precautions when using non-gym areas [e.g., concourses, hallways, classrooms, stages, weight
rooms, fitness rooms] for gym classes, please see Appendix E.
e) Playing fields must be free from hazards [e.g., holes, glass, and rocks]. There must be sufficient turf for proper traction and impact absorption [e.g., non-contact rugby].
Minor hazards must be identified and avoided. Severely uneven surfaces must be brought to the attention of the principal and must be repaired before the activity takes
place.
SPECIAL RULES/INSTRUCTIONS
a) Class activity must be appropriate according to the age and ability levels of students and the facility available. Teachers must stay current with respect to safe exercise techniques. All class sessions must include appropriate warm-ups and cool-downs.
b) Games and activities must be based on skills that have been taught.
c) Before involving students in strenuous outdoor activity, teachers must take into consideration the temperature of the day, previous training and the length of time the students
will be vigorously active.
d) Modify activities which involve students with disabilities to address safety issues for all participants.
SUPERVISION:
a) Supervision is the overseeing of an activity for regulation or direction. All facilities, equipment and activities have inherent risks, but the level of risk decreases significantly with effective supervision.
b) Students must be aware that the use of equipment and the gymnasium are prohibited without the appropriate type of supervision. Deterrents must be in place, e.g.,
• locked doors;
• signs on doors indicating that students are not to use the gym unless supervised;
• staff scheduled and present in an adjoining physical education office, in order to see students entering the gym without authorization.
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c) Any use of a facility for physical education activity must be supervised. This guideline has designated three categories of supervision: ‘Constant visual’, ‘On site’, and ‘In
the area’. The categories are based on the principles of general and specific supervision which takes into consideration the risk level of the activity, the participants’ skill
level and the participants’ maturity.
d) In the category of supervision, “constant visual supervision” means that the teacher is physically present, watching the activity in question. Only one activity
requiring “constant visual supervision” may take place while other activities are going on. “On site” supervision entails teacher presence but not necessarily constantly
viewing one specific activity. “In the area” means that the teacher could be in the gymnasium while another activity is taking place nearby to the gymnasium.
Example: During a track and field session, some students are involved in high jump; some are practicing relay- passing on the track; while a third group is distance running
around the school. The types of supervision required in this example would include:
- Constant visual supervision - High Jump - The teacher is at the high jump area observing the activity because it is the students’ initial exposure to this event.
- On site supervision - Relay Passing - Students are practicing on the track and can be seen by the teacher who is with the high jumpers.
- In the area - Distance Running - Students are running around the school grounds and at times may be out of sight.
Supervision - Points to Consider
i) Establish routines, rules of acceptable behavior and appropriate duties of students at the beginning of the year and reinforce them throughout the year. Teachers must
sanction students for unsafe play or unacceptable behavior and must exercise that responsibility at all times.
ii) Students must be made aware of the rules of activities or games. Rules must be strictly enforced and modified to suit the age and physical ability of the participants.
iii) The teacher must be vigilant to prevent one student from pressuring another into trying skills or activities for which he or she is not ready.
iv) When a student displays hesitation verbally or non verbally, the teacher should discuss the reason(s) for doubt. If the teacher believes that a potential hesitancy during
the skill could put the student at a risk, the student must be directed toward a more basic skill.
v) An assisting senior student must not be the sole supervisor of an activity. [A policy relative to student-teachers is a divisional responsibility.]
vi) Substitute Teacher Coverage:
• The teacher must have students participate in activities that are commensurate with his/her experience or qualifications.
• Include the Safety Guidelines sheet for the activity with the lesson plan.
• Inform the substitute teacher of the whereabouts of a contact teacher or administrator in case of an emergency.
• Specify restrictions/modifications for students with health or behavioural problems.
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Safety and Liability
Safety is of particular concern in planning and implementing physical education. The primary responsibility and legal liability for ensuring safe practices rests with the
school division/district and it’s employees. Schools must develop safe routines and procedures, and teachers need to be knowledgeable about the best safety practices, regardless of
whether the teaching, learning and assessment takes place in the classroom, gymnasium, playground or alternative environments.
Teachers responsible for providing a wide variety of challenging movement experiences in physically active settings must anticipate hazards and minimize the risk inherent
in physical activity. Expertise in physical activity management is essential. For some specific physical activities/programming, such as aquatics and Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation [CPR], it is recommended that certified training be required.
As a general rule, teachers will be held to the standard of care of a careful parent of a large family, considering such factors as the number of students being supervised; the
age; maturity; level of skill and knowledge; the behavioural propensities of the students; the nature of the activity; the type of equipment being used; and the location involved. Staff
members responsible for a subject area requiring expertise may be held to a higher professional standard of care. For example, a physical education teacher may be presumed to
know more about the dangers inherent in artistic gymnastics than would the average parent. Accordingly, he or she may be held to the standard of physical education specialists
with training and experience in artistic gymnastics.
Sections 86, 87, and 89 of The Public Schools Act address exemption from liability in areas of physical education, and may provide some degree of exemption from liability
and negligence. However, it is important that school divisions/districts be aware that it is their primary responsibility for ensuring safe practices when planning and implementing
physical education. In several litigations resulting from students being injured during physical education classes, Canadian courts have demonstrated a clear departure from “the
careful and prudent parent” standard of care when assessing teacher negligence, adopting instead a “professional” standard of care.
Trial courts, therefore, have concluded that the standard of care to be exercised in the context of instruction in a physical education class can frequently exceed the “careful
parent of a large family” test, since many physical education activities require specialized knowledge, training and experience of the teacher. For example, where students are
engaging in artistic gymnastics activities, the teacher and school authorities will be required to act as a careful and prudent person having the specialized expertise demanded of
an artistic gymnastics instructor.
The Supreme Court of Canada has established four criteria to determine the necessary and appropriate standard of care within the context of physical education:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Is the activity suitable to the mental and physical condition, as well as the age of participating students?
Have the students been progressively taught and coached to perform the activity[ies] properly and to avoid the dangers inherent in the activity[ies]?
Is the equipment adequate and suitably arranged?
Is the activity being supervised properly in light of the inherent danger involved?
S A F E T Y & L I A B I L I T Y
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Environmental Concerns -- SPRING, SUMMER & FALL Conditions
• Lightning Storm
Watch, Listen, Plan: Watch the sky; listen to the forecasts; have a plan in place [especially if a weather watch is in effect].
Look out when: You can count less than 30 seconds between the lightning flash and the thunder. This means the storm is less than 10 km away and there is an 80% chance that
the next strike will occur within that area. Take note if the skies darken; if gusty winds develop; and if weather warnings are broadcast.
Take action: Get inside a building; stay away from windows, pipes and electrical outlets.... get inside a vehicle with a metal roof, but avoid contact with the metal. If you’re
caught outside, far from safe shelter, stay away from tall objects such as fences, wires, poles and trees. Avoid riding a bike; swimming or boating; participating in outdoor activities;
or carrying conductive materials [e.g., fishing rod, umbrella, golf clubs, etc].
Wait and Watch: Wait about 30 minutes after you hear the last thunder clap before resuming outdoor activities. Watch for broken tree limbs, fallen power lines and flooding
caused by heavy rainfall.
• Heat and Ultraviolet Index
Watch, Listen, Plan: Listen to the forecasts and be aware of the Ultraviolet Index. [Values less than 4:00 are low; Values from 4:00 - 6.9 are moderate; Values from 7:00 - 8.9 are
high.]
Look out when: The temperature rises to over 30 C.
Take action: Wear a hat; apply sunscreen; and keep hydrated. Lower the intensity of the outdoor activity or move indoors.
Watch: Watch for any signs of sunburn, heat stroke and heat exhaustion. Be prepared to provide the necessary first aid.
• Outdoor Field Conditions
Watch, Listen, Plan: The playing area must be free of debris and obstructions; it must provide suitable footing; and it must be well-removed from traffic.
Look out when: There are areas that the students must not use. These areas must be marked off.
Take action: Report to the principal any conditions or hazards that are unsuitable and in need of repair or removal.
Wait and Watch: Wait until repairs are completed or until any hazards are removed before resuming activities.
• Insects
Watch, Listen, Plan: Take note if excessive numbers of insects are present.
Look out when: There are students with insect allergies present.
Take action: Ensure that students with allergies have the necessary medication on hand [e.g., epi pen].
E N V I RON M E N TAL CONCERNS
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Environmental Concerns -- WINTER Conditions
• Temperature and Wind Chill
Refer to page 39 in YouthSafe Manitoba: School Field Trip Resource, Trip Leadership section
Temperature: -12C to -20C -- wind chill 1200: comfortable when wearing dry, adequately insulated clothing on sunny days
Temperature: -20C to -25C -- wind chill 1400: requires constant activity and adequate clothing
Temperature: -25C to -40C -- wind chill 1600: restrict outdoor activity to a minimum with warm-up breaks included
NOTE: Watch for prolonged exposure and signs of frostbite. Be prepared to provide the necessary first aid.
• Outdoor Field Conditions
Watch, Listen, Plan: The playing area must be free of debris and obstructions; it must provide suitable footing; and it must be well-removed from traffic. Watch for holes and
severely uneven surfaces. Choose a site that takes sun; wind; snow conditions; and the suitability of the terrain into consideration.
Look out when: There are areas that the students must not use. These areas must be marked off. Watch out for conditions where the area is icy beyond the point of providing
suitable and safe footing.
Take action: Report to the principal any conditions or hazards that are unsuitable and in need of modification,repair or removal.
Wait and Watch: Wait until repairs are completed or until any hazards are removed before resuming activities.
E N V I RON M EN TAL CONCE RNS
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AQUATICS
Refer to page 109 (Aquatics) in YouthSafe Manitoba: School Field Trip Resource, Safety First section
Refer to page 109 Aquatics - Safety First in YouthSafe Manitoba: School Field Trip Resource
Suitable swimwear should The program must use
be worn.
School or Community
Pools.
Standard safety equipment A device to keep hair from
obstructing vision must
[For pond or lake
[according to pool
be worn [e.g., elastic
swimming -- see
regulations] must be
band,
bathing
cap,
hair
“Outdoor Education”]
available -- [e.g., ring
tied back or worn in a
buoys, reaching poles,
bun].
spinal boards, etc.].
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
All electrical equipment
[e.g., portable stereo], must
be properly grounded
[GFI].
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not
removable, it must be
taped -- [e.g., medical
alert identification,
religious/cultural
jewellery]. Eyewear may
need to be removed or
secured.
If the students are going to a pool that is off
school board property, the parents must be
informed.
At least one supervisor must have:
1. N.L.S. Lifeguard Certificate, OR
2. Current First Aid Qualifications:
a) St. John Emergency First Aid
Emergency procedures must be outlined to the
Certificate, OR
students prior to entering the water.
b) Canadian Red Cross Emergency First
Aid, OR
The person in charge must be informed about
c) R.L.S.S. Aquatic Emergency Care
any student with a medical problem that may
Certificate, OR
affect the student’s safety in the water.
d) Canadian Ski Patrol First Aid
Certificate.
Students must follow the pool regulations,
including:
Each instructor must supervise on site; must
a) No running or pushing on the deck.
supervise only one class or group; and must
b) No gum chewing.
stay in the pool or on the pool deck area.
c) No food in the pool area.
[On site supervision by the teacher is also
d) Follow the diving-area rules.
required.]
e) Do not dive into the shallow end.
f) Shoes are not allowed on the deck.
The suggested instructor/student ratio -Students should shower before entering the
pool. [Students with infected cuts, sores, or
communicable diseases must not be in the
pool.]
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
ï 1:12 Senior Years
ï 1:8 Middle Years
ï 1:6 Early Years
Teacher/ student ratio -- 1:25
Change rooms should be monitored
frequently.
Screening and testing must initially be done in
Students should ask permission to leave the
the shallow end.
pool area.
A Q U A T I C S
page 14
GG
MANITOBA
Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
Refer to page 101 (Archery) in YouthSafe Manitoba:
School Field Trip Resource, Safety First section
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
All equipment must be
checked regularly for
defects.
Arm guards and finger
tabs should be made
available to students.
Bow length and weight
must correspond to the
height and strength of the
participant. An equal
number of appropriate
length arrows must be
given to each participant.
Use only appropriate
targets.
Compound bows or cross
bows are not to be used.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be
worn:
Suitable footwear and
clothing providing the
student with unrestricted
movement.
[Note: appropriate closefitting clothes must be
worn on the upper body
during this activity.]
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
FACILITIES
Senior Years Only
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
The playing area must be
free of debris and
obstructions; must
provide suitable footing;
and must be well
removed from traffic,
with boundaries clearly
identified.
A “Firing” line must be established, and it
must be appropriate for the skill level of the
students. [No one is allowed in front of the
firing line until signalled by the teacher.]
For indoor shooting, a
properly installed safety
net must be used.
Establish a start and stop shooting and
retrieving procedure.
Access and exit to the
facility must be
controlled and warning
signs must be posted.
For outdoor activity, the
shooting area must be
well marked and
controlled.
ARCHERY
SUPERVISION
Constant visual supervision is required.
All students not involved in shooting must be
positioned well behind the firing line and away
from the archers on the line.
Students must receive instruction on safety
procedures and shooting techniques,
including care and use of the equipment
[e.g., how to remove an arrow from a target
butt safely].
A loaded or unloaded bow must never be
pointed at anyone.
Bows must only be loaded on the shooting line,
after the signal to shoot has been given.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
A R C H E R Y
page 15
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
BALL HOCKEY
[NON-ICE & ICE]
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Stick blades must be
checked regularly to
ensure that the blade is
securely attached to the
stick. Only regulation
plastic hockey sticks may
be used. Plastic goals or
pylons should be used.
Suitable soft balls must
be used, including: P30,
P40, nerf, yarn ball,
tennis ball, plastic, or a
highly visible soft lightrubber puck.
Eye protection should be
worn.
Goalies must wear face
masks [e.g., hockey
helmet with cage], and
should wear protective
gloves.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be
worn:
Suitable footwear and
gym clothing providing
the student with
unrestricted movement.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection
against cold and sun.
FACILITIES
The playing area must be
free of debris and
obstructions; must
provide suitable footing;
and must be well
removed from traffic,
with boundaries clearly
identified.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
The following rules must be in place and
must be enforced by penalties:
a) no body contact
b) no stick on body contact
c) the stick must remain below the waist at
all times with the blade preferably below
knee-level
d) slap shots are not allowed
e) implement a crease for protection of the
goalie
f) no other player [or player’s stick] is
allowed in the goal crease
g) no lifting and slashing the opponent’s
stick
SUPERVISION
On-site supervision is required.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
Games must be based on the skills that are
taught.
The number of sticks should be limited to the
number of players on the playing field.
On ice -- CSA approved
hockey helmet is
compulsory.
B A L L
H O C K E Y
page 16
GG
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
BASKETBALL
AND RELATED GAMES
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Where a stage is close to
the baseline, gym mats
must be placed over the
edge of the stage and
must extend close to the
floor.
In situations where the
student’s follow through
and/or run- off the end
of the court may result in
contact with an end wall
-- protective padding or
gym mats must be
placed beyond the “key”
area; must extend a
minimum of 1.88 m [6’]
up the wall from the top
of the baseboard
[maximum 10 cm [4”]
from the floor], and
must be a minimum
width of 4.88 m [16’].
Early Years -- 4 X 4
mats may be used
because the students are
shorter at this age level.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
FACILITIES
The following must be
worn:
Suitable footwear and
gym clothing providing
the student with
unrestricted movement.
The playing area must be free of
debris and obstructions; must
provide suitable footing; and if
outdoors, must be well removed
from traffic, with boundaries
clearly identified.
Items such as cast,
braces, or other
materials that may pose
a danger are not to be
worn.
Protective padding should be
used on rectangular backboard
edges.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not
removable, it must be
taped -- [e.g., medical
alert identification,
religious/cultural
jewellery]. Eyewear
may need to be removed
or secured.
Only trained adults are to use
motorized or hand winches to
raise and lower the baskets.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
Games must be based on the skills that
have been taught.
SUPERVISION
On-site supervision is required for the intial
instruction, followed by in the area
supervision.
Early Years -- On site supervision is required
at all times.
If the gym does not facilitate safe play,
[e.g., doors and radiators under the
baskets; a wall too close to the
baseline; close proximity of chin-up
bars and climbing apparatus], modify
the rules appropriately,
[e.g., no lay-ups].
Only trained adults may operate
power drills to raise/lower
baskets.
The winch for moving
backboards up and down must
not be located directly under the
supporting wall-mounted
structure. When raising or
lowering baskets, the area
directly below the moving basket
must be clear of people and
equipment.
B A S K E T B A L L
page 1 7
GG
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Early and Middle Years
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Stacking chairs must not
have cracks or chipped
corners and the seat and
back must be secured to
the supports.
Benches must not have
cracks, chipped corners
or splinters on the top
surface.
Bench tops must be
secured to all supports.
Mats should be used in
all jumping or landing
activities involving
equipment.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be
worn:
Suitable footwear and
gym clothing that
allows the student
unrestricted movement.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
FACILITIES
Ensure that there is
enough space around
chairs/benches for safe
usage.
Allow for landings at safe
distances away from walls
and other equipment.
BENCH, CHAIR &
UTILITY BOX ACTIVITIES
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
All skills must be taught in a logical progression from simple to complex. Observe that
the child demonstrates control of basic
movement before moving to more complicated skills. [e.g., forward jumping and
landing before backward jumping and/or
jumping with turns].
SUPERVISION
Chair and bench activities require on site
supervision.
Jumping and landing skills can effectively be
taught from chairs, benches, and low utility
boxes before using larger equipment. Teach
simple forward jumps and soft landings first
before introducing aerial shapes and
rotations.
Instruct children to jump up from the chair,
bench, or utility box and land close so that
the chair, bench, or utility box does not move.
Instruct children never to jump from the seat
over the back of the chair.
B E N C H, C H A I R, & U T I L I T Y B O X
A C T I V I T I E S
p a gp
ppaeag g
e1 e71 8
Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
Refer to page 133 (Windsurfing/Boardsail)
in YouthSafe Manitoba: School Field Trip Resource,
Safety
First section
R First in YouthSafeoba:
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
The equipment supplied
by the local sailing school
must be inspected for
defects.
Students must check all
personal safety
equipment prior to use to
ensure proper fit.
Each student must wear a
PFD [Personal Flotation
Device] with a whistle
attached.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
Students must bring:
• Suitable footwear that
can get wet. [Shoes with
a non-slip sole or nonslip-soled sandals are
preferable.]
• Suitable swimwear;
water bottle; sunscreen;
and hat
• Raincoat/windbreaker
and/or a fleece [if the
weather is rainy, windy,
or cold
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection
against sun, heat and
insects.
FACILITIES
Board sailing should be
done in waters that are
above 15 degrees Celsius
and that do not have any
areas with visual
obstructions.
Instructors must
designate a sailing area
to the students, which
they must adhere to.
Weather, boat traffic and
hazards must be taken
into account.
BOARDSAILING
Senior Years Only
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
This activity is not recommended in the Early
and Middle Years, and parental permission for
the activity must be obtained.
Prior to the activity, in a classroom session -instructors must provide the students with the
knowledge base necessary for safe
sailboarding.
Students must complete the following swim
test prior to water activities:
• swim 100 m continuously using any stroke
• tread water for 3 minutes
• put on a lifejacket in the water
• demonstrate the help/huddle position
Students must be familiar with emergency
procedures and self-rescue skills related to the
facility, and must respect their equipment.
Skills must be taught in the proper progression -- [Balance, Propulsion, Direction].
A PFD must be worn at all times, and students
must be familiar with basic first aid and
hypothermia.
Instructors must be aware of weather and
water conditions and will make the final
decision on whether or not the students go out
on the water.
Certified board sailing instructors must be
present to instruct the course. [Certification:
Minimum of Level I Canadian Yachting
Association Coaching Certificate.]
Instructor to Student Ratio-- 1:10 in partners
with a maximum of 10 students using
sailboards at any one time.
A minimum of one motorized rescue craft for
every 10 sailboards must be present to aid in
the supervision of students off-shore.
A lifeguard on site is preferable, but not
mandatory, because all board sailing
instructors have first aid and water rescue
training.
Constant visual supervision is required.
Prepare an emergency action plan for this
activity. [Check Appendix D.]
There must be a designated supervisor
[teacher, parent, or responsible adult]
available with a vehicle to accompany any
injured student to the hospital. This must
not be the “in-charge” supervisor.
B O A R D S A I L I N G
page 1 9
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
BOWLING
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone must
be accessible.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
Suitable footwear must
be worn at all times, as
provided or approved by
the facility. Street
clothes are acceptable.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
Note:
Ten Pin bowling -- rings
could be a hazard.
FACILITIES
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
SUPERVISION
In the area supervision is required.
Early Years -- On-site supervision is required.
Parents must be aware of any away-fromschool activity and the mode of transportation
being used.
Teach and follow the rules and etiquette as
outlined by the facility.
Students must be shown the proper handplacement when picking up the bowling ball.
If bowling is being taught in the gym -- the
students must be made aware of equipment
rules; must stand aside when the pins are
being set up; and must not bounce the
bowling balls.
B O W L I N G
page 2 0
GG
Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
All Grades
BROOMBALL
(Non-Ice and Ice)
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Regulation broomball sticks
must be used. [Modified
indoor sets are also
available.]
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
If broomball is played
outdoors on fields,
blacktop, or rinks -players must wear
suitable footwear and
clothing for the weather
conditions.
Plastic goals or pylons
should be used.
If skates are used, refer to
Ice Hockey guidelines.
Use a Nerf ball, utility ball,
or a regulation ball
specifically made for
broomball.
If playing on ice -runners or broomball
shoes should be worn.
Goalies must wear face
masks.
If playing on ice -CSA approved hockey/
broomball helmet [with
mask] must be worn.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
FACILITIES
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
For Non-Ice Broomball The blacktop area must
be free from obstructions.
if a field is used, it must
be free from ice patches
or pot holes.
Players must keep their sticks below the waist
at all times.
For Ice Broomball The ice surface must be
free from obstructions.
Only non-contact broomball is allowed.
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection
against cold and sun.
SUPERVISION
On-site supervision is required.
The crease must be extended 2 m (6’6”) from
the goal line. Only the goalie and the goalie’s
broom are allowed in the crease.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
Games must be based on the skills that are
taught.
Parents must be made aware of any
away-from-school activity and the
transportation arrangements.
BROOMBALL
page 2 1
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
CRICKET
THE OFFICIAL GAME OF CRICKET IS NOT RECOMMENDED
FOR EARLY & MIDDLE YEARS -- [USE VARIATIONS]
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Regulation cricket bats,
and stumps should be
used.
For regulation cricket,
approved cricket pads and
gloves must be worn by
the batters and the
wicketkeeper.
Tennis balls are to be
used for indoor cricket
games.
Early & Middle Years -Use an official Kanga Ball
set, or modify as follows:
• Use tennis balls, cosom
plastic balls, or “soft”
balls.
• Use sturdy plastic bats.
• Use Kanga Ball wickets,
each having 3 sturdy
plastic stumps which fit
into a hollow base.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be
worn:
Suitable footwear and
gym clothing providing
the student with
unrestricted movement.
No cleats are allowed.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
FACILITIES
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
The playing area must
be free of debris and
obstructions; must
provide suitable footing;
and must be well
removed from traffic,
with boundaries clearly
identified.
The official game of cricket is not
recommended for the Early and Middle Years.
[Use variations.]
The playing surface must
be a mat wicket.
“Bouncers” and “bean balls” must not be
bowled.
For indoor cricket
variations, the playing
surface and surrounding
area must be free of all
obstacles [e.g., tables,
chairs, pianos].
A designated area must be established for nonactive players at a safe distance behind the
batter.
SUPERVISION
On-site supervision is required.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
Games must be based on the skills taught.
Early and Middle Years -- the bowler should
underhand lob or roll the ball at the batter’s
wicket, and the wicket keeper must stand a
safe distance behind a striker.
C R I C K E T
page 22
GG
Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
CROSS COUNTRY RUNNING
AND ORIENTEERING
All Grades
Refer to page 73 (Cross Country Running) and page 71 (Orienteering)
in YouthSafe Manitoba: School Field Trip Resource, Safety First section
CLOTHING/
SPECIAL RULES/
EQUIPMENT
FACILITIES
FOOTWEAR
INSTRUCTION
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
The following must be
worn:
Suitable footwear and
gym clothing providing
the student with unrestricted movement.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection
against sun, heat and
insects.
Prior to the initial use of
the cross country route,
teachers must do a safety
check ‘walk through’ in
order to identify potential
hazards. [e.g., avoiding
busy intersections which
may be on part of the
route.]
Teachers must familiarize students with the
cross country route
before starting the run
[e.g., point out areas to
approach with caution].
Note: “Familiarization”
does not apply to
Orienteering as it is a
violation of the rules.
SUPERVISION
Parents must be informed if the activity
takes students off the immediate school
property.
In the area supervision is required.
Prepare an emergency action plan for this
activity. [Check Appendix D.]
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
Students must be instructed in basic road
safety and must run in pairs or groups.
[Use the buddy system.]
There must be a designated supervisor
[teacher, parent, or responsible adult]
available with a vehicle to accompany any
injured student to the hospital. This must
not be the “in-charge” supervisor.
The length and difficulty of the route must
be appropriate to the ability level, fitness
and training of the participants and must
also be appropriate to climatic conditions.
Early Years -- Special attention must be
given to:
• Outdoor temperature and length of time
in the sun.
• Previous training and length of preparation.
• Proper warm-up and cool-down.
• The route’s difficulty and distance.
[10 km max.]
C R O S S
C O U N T R Y
R U N N I N G
&
O R I E N T E E R I N G
p a g e
2 3
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
CROSS COUNTRY SKIING
SNOW-SHOEING, SNOW SKATING
Refer to page 150 (Cross Country Skiing) and
page 154 (Snowshoeing) in YouthSafe Manitoba:
School Field Trip Resource, Safety First section
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and a
phone should be
accessible.
For Cross Country
Skiing -skis, bindings, boots and
poles must be in good
repair and must be the
appropriate size for the
skier.
For Snowshoeing -frame and bindings must
be in good repair.
Any equipment brought
to school should be safety
inspected at home first
[e.g., skis, skates,
helmets].
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
Clothing must be
appropriate for outdoor
activity and must take
into account the outdoor
temperature. [Use
‘layering’ principles and
encourage the wearing of
toques, hats, and gloves.]
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection
against cold and sun.
C R O S S
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
FACILITIES
Define the specific route
for the students so that
they are aware of the
boundaries for the
activity.
When choosing a site,
the following conditions
must be taken into
consideration: sun,
wind, snow conditions
and suitability of terrain
[e.g., proximity to rivers
and lakes].
When selecting a non
commercial site, the
facility must include:
• A level field with
practice tracks.
• A long run-out at the
bottom section of a
larger hill.
• Proximity to warmth,
food, waxing and
other facilities.
C O U N T R Y
S K I I N G
SUPERVISION
Discuss frostbite and hypothermia with the
students and teach them how to recognize and
treat these conditions.
Emergency procedures must be established
and communicated to the students.
Parents must be informed of an away-fromschool activity.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
Constant visual supervision is required.
Prepare an emergency action plan for this
activity. [Check Appendix D.]
There must be a designated supervisor
[teacher, parent, or responsible adult]
available with a vehicle to accompany any
injured student to the hospital. This must
not be the “in-charge” supervisor.
For field trips: In the area supervision is
required.
Students must be taught how to care for and
carry their equipment. [e.g., ski poles have
sharp tips -- caution students about their safe
use; ask students to ensure that their boots are
secure in the ski bindings.]
Teach basic uphill and downhill maneuvers
on a very gentle slope.
Within walking distance of the school:
In the area supervision is required for all
sites close to the school [e.g., school
playground or neighbourhood park].
If the class is divided into groups, the duties
of each group leader/supervisor must be
clearly outlined.
Use a buddy system.
Teachers must be aware of students with a
history of asthma; other respiratory problems;
disabilities; or illnesses.
•
S N O W
S H O E I N G
•
Suggested Instructor/Student Ratio-Early Years: 1:15
Middle Years: 1:20
Senior Years: 1:30
S N O W
S K A T I N G
page 24
GG
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
CURLING
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
In “jam pail” curling -ensure that all handles
are secure.
Early Years -Parents should be
encouraged to have their
child wear a helmet.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
Clothing must be appropriate for cold temperature
activity.
Students should wear
curling shoes -- or slip-on
slider -- or running shoes
with the sliding shoe taped.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable,
it must be taped -- [e.g.,
medical alert identification, religious/cultural
jewellery]. Eyewear may
need to be removed or
secured.
FACILITIES
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Curling rink.
Teach etiquette and safety rules before going
to the curling rink or any ice surface.
In “jam pail” curling -ensure that the ice surface
is smooth.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
Parents must be informed when curling takes
students off the immediate school property.
SUPERVISION
Constant visual supervision is required.
Prepare an emergency action plan for this
activity. [Check Appendix D.]
There must be a designated supervisor
[teacher, parent, or responsible adult]
available with a vehicle to accompany any
injured student to the hospital. This must
not be the “in-charge” supervisor.
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection against
cold and sun.
C U R L I N G
page 25
GG
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
Refer to page 75 (Cycling) in YouthSafe Manitoba: School Field Trip Resource, Safety First section
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Bicycles must be
inspected for working
brakes and properly
inflated tires.
Bicycle size must be
appropriate for the rider.
Correctly fitting bicycle
helmets must be worn.
[Approved by CSA, Snell,
ANSI, ASTM, British or
Australian standard.]
One rider will carry a
bicycle tool kit
[including a pump].
The supervisor will carry
a first aid kit and an
emergency phone
should be accessible if
the activity is away from
the school property.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
Suitable clothing [for
visibility] and suitable
footwear must be worn.
Open-toed shoes must not
be worn. Shoelaces must
be tied.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable,
it must be taped -- [e.g.,
medical alert identification, religious/cultural
jewellery]. Eyewear may
need to be removed or
secured.
Students must bring
suitable protection against
sun, heat and insects.
FACILITIES
Choose routes carefully in
terms of length, road
surface, frequency of
traffic, and complexity of
intersections and railway
crossings.
Prior to initial use of the
route, the teacher must
do a safety ride-through
to verify safety and
suitability.
For off-road routes,
permission of the land
owner must be obtained.
Provide students with a
map and/or clear
directions.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
CYCLING
SUPERVISION
The rules of the Highway Traffic Act must be
reviewed and adhered to. Check with local
police -- a permit may be required for
travelling on highways.
Constant visual supervision is required.
An initial riding pre-test [with safety
emphasized] must be passed before leaving
school property [e.g., Autopac Safety Test].
There must be a designated supervisor
[teacher, parent, or responsible adult]
available with a vehicle to accompany any
injured student to the hospital. This must
not be the “in-charge” supervisor.
A record of the route and the names of
students participating must be left with an
appropriate person at the school.
Use the buddy system.
Students must be aware of emergency
procedures in case of an accident and parents
must be informed that cycling will take
students off school property.
Prepare an emergency action plan for this
activity. [Check Appendix D.]
The teacher must stay at the back of the
pack and a second adult leading the pack is
recommended.
The recommended maximum teacher/
student ratios are:
Early Years: 1:15
Middle Years: 1:20
Senior Years: 1:30
No walkmans, radios, or other distracting
equipment may be used.
Racing must not be done as an in-class
activity.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
Consider a safety vest for the lead and last
riders.
C Y C L I N G
page 26
GG
Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
All Grades
DANCE/ RHYTHMIC SPORTIVE GYMNASTICS
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Sound and music
equipment must be in
good working order.
Early Years -- Rhythmic
Clubs must not be used.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
Appropriate footwear
such as gymnastics
slippers or running shoes
can be worn. Bare feet
are also permitted, but
footwear must be close
by in case of fire.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed.
FACILITIES
Use a gym or very large
room which is free from
obstacles.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
In the area supervision is required for dance.
Instruct students in the safe use of the
equipment and provide sufficient practice
space.
On site supervision is required for Rhythmic
Sportive Gymnastics.
Early Years -- Modify the activity to the age
and ability of the students. [e.g., throwing of
ropes, ribbons, hoops, etc should be kept to a
low height.]
DIVING
Springboard or Tower Diving
ewe
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
Suitable swimwear should
be worn.
A device to keep hair from
Use standard safety
equipment as stated in the obstructing vision must be
used where appropriate
pool regulations.
[e.g., elastic]. Jewellery
representing a safety
concern must be removed.
If not removable, it must
be taped -- [e.g., medical
alert identification,
religious/cultural
jewellery]. Eyewear may
need to be removed or
secured.
FACILITIES
Ensure that the diving
board and fulcrum are in
good working order.
Water depths must
conform to Canadian
Amateur Diving
Association [C.A.D.A.]
regulations.
BACKYARD POOLS MUST
NOT BE USED.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
Students must adhere to the following
regulations:
a) only one person using the board at one time
b) move towards the edge of the pool after a
dive
c) no running or pushing on the pool deck
d) make sure the diving area is clear before
diving
e) no diving into the shallow end
g) no wearing of goggles or ear plugs, and
no gum chewing
i) shoes are not allowed on the pool deck
On site supervision is required by the teacher
and constant visual supervision is required by
a qualified lifeguard/instructor.
Instructors must have C.A.D.A. Certification
Level I if they are teaching any diving skills
beyond a front dive.
Maximum ratio: 25 pupils per qualified
National Lifeguard Service [N.L.S.] lifeguard/
instructor.
Emergency procedures must be outlined to
the students, and skills must be taught in the
proper progression.
D A N C E • R H Y T H M I C S P O R T I V E
G Y M N A S T I C S • D I V I N G
page 2 7
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
A “soft” ball [e.g., nerf
ball, soft foam ball] must
be used.
A partially deflated ball is
not appropriate.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
FACILITIES
The playing area must be
The following must be worn: free from obstructions
Suitable footwear and gym
[e..g., desks, chairs,
clothing providing the student pianos, etc.].
with unrestricted movement.
All access/exit doors must
Use sun protection when
be closed.
playing outdoors, if necessary.
If playing outdoors -Jewellery representing a safety ensure that the game is
concern must be removed.
in a confined area away
from streets and
sidewalks.
DODGE BALL TYPE GAMES,
TAG GAMES
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
Constant visual supervision is required
Modify the rules to accommodate age,
ability, and physical development of the
participants.
Rules for “contact by the ball” must be in
place [e.g., below the shoulders, or below
the waist].
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
FENCING
Senior Years Only
[Not recommended for the Early & Middle Years]
EQUIPMENT
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
FACILITIES
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Short-sleeved shirt,
fencing jackets, and long
athletic pants must be
worn.
The fencing area must
be free from obstacles
and debris and must
provide good footing.
[Use only gym floors to
reduce the risk of
injuries.]
All equipment must be worn before fencing
can begin.
Fencing must take place only under the
direct supervision of the instructor.
Students must be instructed in all the safety
rules associated with the sport.
Constant visual supervision is required when
fencing an opponent.
Equipment [including:
mask, vest, gloves, foil
with rubber tip, épeé and
sabre] must be checked
regularly by students and
staff for defects and must
be repaired or replaced as
required.
Suitable footwear must be
worn.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed.
D O D G E
B A L L
•
F E N C I N G
page 28
GG
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
FIELD HOCKEY
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Regulation field hockey
[or developmentally
appropriate] sticks must
be used.
Students must be trained
to check their sticks
regularly for cracks.
Use a regular field hockey
ball or an indoor “soft”
ball.
An approved hockey
helmet with cage and full
goalie equipment must
be worn by the
goaltender.
Mouthguards and shin
guards should be worn.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be
worn:
Suitable footwear and
gym clothing providing
the student with
unrestricted movement.
Metal cleats must not be
worn.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
FACILITIES
The playing area must
be free of debris and
obstructions; must
provide suitable footing;
and must be well
removed from traffic,
with boundaries clearly
identified.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
SUPERVISION
On site supervision is required.
Games must be based on the skills that are
taught.
If a regulation ball is used and there is a
goalie, equipment as specified must be used.
The ball must be played only with the flat
side of the stick.
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection
against sun, heat and
insects.
F I E L D
H O C K E Y
page 29
GG
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
FITNESS ACTIVITIES
Aerobics, Chinning Bar, Peg Board, Circuit Training,
Aerobic Steps, Slides, Tubing, etc.
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Stationary bicycles,
benches, chinning bars,
peg boards and other
equipment used in fitness
activities must be in good
repair.
Electrical equipment
must be in good working
order.
Steps and/or slides must
be in good repair and
must be equipped with
non-slip treads.
Tubing/elastic strips must
be the proper tension and
length for the level of
participant and must be
in good repair.
Early Years -Free Weights are not
recommended.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be
worn:
Suitable footwear and
gym clothing providing
the student with
unrestricted movement.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
FACILITIES
The floor area must be
free of all obstacles
[e.g., tables and chairs,
pianos].
Allow adequate space
between fitness activities/
equipment in order to
provide for a free flow of
motion.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Fitness activities must be modified,based on -the age and ability level of the students; the
facilities; and the equipment available.
SUPERVISION
On site supervision is required.
Where fitness equipment is being used
[e.g., stationary bicycle, medicine ball,
chinning bar, etc.], students must be
instructed in the proper use of the equipment
before using it.
Use the proper progression for the activities:
1. warm-up
2. muscle strength
3. endurance
4. peak work activities
5. cool down activities
Where the fitness activities constitute the
main part of the lesson -- a proper warm-up
and cool-down must be provided.
Permit the students to work at personal levels
of intensity. [e.g., students who can make
responsible decisions related to “low-impact
to high-impact” and “low-intensity to
high-intensity.”]
Correct body alignment for injury prevention
must be stressed.
F I T N E S S
A C T I V I T I E S
page 3 0
GG
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
FLOOR HOCKEY and
GYM RINGETTE
[Also see Ball Hockey]
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
A suitable soft ball must
be used for floor hockey including: P30, P40, nerf,
yarn ball, plastic or soft
light rubber puck . A
regulation rubber or felt
ring must be used for
gym ringette.
Only use: (a) plastic
“ringette” and/or
(b) commercially
produced plastic floor
hockey sticks. Sticks must
be checked regularly for
cracks.
The goalie must wear a
protective mask [e.g.,
hockey helmet with cage]
and should wear
protective gloves.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be
worn:
Suitable footwear and
gym clothing providing
the student with
unrestricted movement.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
FACILITIES
The playing surface
must be free of all
obstacles, [e.g., tables &
chairs, pianos].
Floor plugs must be in
place.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
The following rules must be in place and
must be enforced by penalties:
a) no body contact
b) no stick on body contact
c) the stick must remain below the waist at
all times with the blade preferably below
knee-level
d) slap shots are not allowed
e) implement a crease for protection of the
goalie
f) no other player [or player’s stick] is
allowed in the goal crease
g) no lifting and slashing the opponent’s
stick
On site supervision is required.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
Games must be based on the skills that are
taught.
Eye protection should be worn.
Early Years -- The stick should be in contact
with the floor at all times except on a shot or
a pass when the stick may not go beyond
waist level.
F L O O R
H O C K E Y
page 31
GG
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
TACKLE FOOTBALL is not an appropriate
activity for classroom Physical Education.
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Use a ball that is
appropriate to the size
and ability of the group,
[e.g., a smaller football
or nerf ball].
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be
worn:
Suitable footwear and
gym clothing providing
the student with
unrestricted movement.
Metal or composite cleats
must not be worn in
class.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
FACILITIES
The playing area must
be free of debris and
obstructions; must
provide suitable footing;
and must be well
removed from traffic,
with boundaries clearly
identified.
Goal posts should be
padded when the goal
posts are in the field of
play.
FOOTBALL (FLAG, TOUCH)
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Tackle football is not an appropriate activity
for classroom Physical Education.
SUPERVISION
On site supervision is required.
Skills must be taught in the proper progression.
Games must be based on the skills that are
taught.
No blocking is allowed -- except at the line of
scrimmage. Pass blocking is allowed only after
the proper technique has been taught.
Modify the rules of the game to accommodate
differences in ability, age and physical
development.
Boundary lines must be clearly indicated.
Outdoor note: Students
must bring suitable
protection against sun,
heat and insects.
FOOTBALL
page 3 2
GG
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
GOLF
EQUIPMENT
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
The following must be
worn:
Suitable footwear and
gym clothing providing
the student with
unrestricted movement.
Gym; school property; golf
domes; putting course; golf
course; driving range; chipping
[short game] course.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not
removable, it must be
taped -- [e.g., medical
alert identification,
religious/cultural
jewellery]. Eyewear
may need to be removed
or secured.
Regardless of facility, the hitting
area must be well marked and
controlled.
Plastic “whiffle” or rubber
golf balls must be used.
Real golf balls must not be
used on school property
except for putting and
chipping. [If chipping is
indoors - use whiffle balls
only].
Equipment, especially
grips, must be checked
regularly and repaired as
needed.
Early Years -- Ensure that
the clubs are the
appropriate length.
FACILITIES
Adequate space is required and
the space must allow for a full
backswing and follow through.
For indoor [gym] golf -- use
mats and plastic balls.
Emphasize that safety is the #1
concern [e.g., only a certain
number of students can hit balls
at one time, depending on the
size of the gym].
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Students must receive instruction on proper
golf etiquette and safety.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
Establish a safe routine for hitting and
retrieving golf balls and a designated safe area
for use of real balls while chipping.
SUPERVISION
On site supervision is required for
the initial instruction and when
chipping with real golf balls.
In the area supervision is required
following the initial instruction.
Students must have had an opportunity to
develop their skills prior to playing on an
actual golf course.
All rules of play must be followed.
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection
against sun, heat and
insects.
G O L F
page 33
GG
GYMNASTICS
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
GENERAL PROCEDURES
Early and Middle Years
EQUIPMENT
Mats must be placed on all
designated landing areas
under and around equipment
without overlaps or gaps, and
must be regularly checked for
wear and tear.
General utility mats are to be
used for floor work,
tumbling, and landing on
the feet from a controlled
height (i.e., the student’s
height at shoulder is
maximum jumping height):
• ensolite 3.8 cm (1 1/2”)
• trocellen 5.1 cm (2”)
• ethefoam 3.8 cm (1 1/2”)
• sarneige 3.8 cm (1 1/2”)
• mats of equivalent
compaction rating.
Landing surfaces to be used
for elevated inverted skills:
30.5 cm - 60.9 cm (12" - 24")
solid or cross-linked foam pit.
These 12” X 24” surfaces
must not be used as landing
surfaces for vaulting or for
controlled landings [e.g.,
landing on the feet] off any
piece of equipment.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must
be worn:
Suitable footwear
and gym clothing
that allows the
student unrestricted
movement.
[Shirts must be
tucked in.]
Bare feet or
gymnastic slippers
are acceptable.
[No sock feet are
allowed.] Footwear
must be easily
accessible in case of
fire.
Tie back long hair
and remove barrettes.
Jewellery representing
a safety concern must
be removed.
Eyewear may need to
be removed or
secured.
FACILITIES
Ensure that the floor
plan allows enough
space around each
piece of apparatus for
safe movement.
Allow for landings at
safe distances away
from walls, other
equipment, and
people.
The perimeter of the
gym must be free
from excess equipment [e.g., tables and
chairs].
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
Teachers must be aware of the physical limitations of the students
[e.g., epilepsy, weak wrists, etc.].
All elevated inversions require constant
visual supervision.
Teachers must create an atmosphere of discipline and control.
Spotting:
Students must be instructed not to attempt aerial somersaults on or
off the apparatus, extended dive rolls for distance, or front and back
handsprings.
Responsibilities vary with the age,
strength and experience of the student.
Early Years students are involved in
non-contact spotting only [e.g.,
keeping approach and landing areas
clear]. Middle Years students are
involved in non-contact spotting [as
above], as well as giving verbal cues
and checking the placement of mats
and stability of equipment.
When a student displays hesitation verbally or non verbally, the
teacher must discuss the reason[s] for doubt. If the teacher believes
that a potential hesitancy during the move could put the student at
risk, the student is to be directed toward a more basic skill.
Students must not be forced to perform skills beyond their abilities.
All skills must be taught in a proper progression from simple to
complex. Observe that student demonstrates control of basic
movement before moving to more complicated skills [e.g., rotations
on mats before performing on apparatus, and perform landings
before working on elevated equipment].
Apparatus must be introduced one piece at a time, working towards
the development of a circuit. Mat work must precede apparatus.
The landing mat must be properly placed for landings and
precautions must be taken to minimize movement of the mat on
impact. It is advisable that any teacher who is unfamiliar with any
gymnastics apparatus, seek assistance from appropriate support staff
and/or refrain from using the equipment until help is received.
Every lesson must be preceded by a warm-up.
G Y M N A S T I C S
•
Middle Years students can also perform
the following contact-spotting roles:
help peers maintain a static balance
on benches/boxes; assist peers with
forward rotations [e.g., roll on mats
and other low, wide surfaces]; help
peers maintain balance on mounts;
handstands on mats; and simple vaults
on hip-high box horses.
Spotting is initially the role of the
teacher and then may progress to
trained students.
G E N E R A L
p paagg ee 3343
GYMNASTICS
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
MAT WORK
Early and Middle Years
EQUIPMENT
MATS:
Mats must be placed on
all designated landing
areas under and around
the equipment without
overlaps or gaps.
Regularly check all the
mats for wear and tear.
General utility mats are
to be used for floor work,
tumbling and landing on
the feet from a controlled
height (student’s height
at shoulder is maximum
jumping height).
Recommended thickness
include:
• ensolite 3.8 cm
(1 1/2”)
• trocellen 5.1 cm
(2”)
• ethefoam 3.8 cm
(1 1/2”)
• sarneige 3.8 cm
(1 1/2”)
• mats of equivalent
compaction rating.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed.
If not removable, it must be
taped -- [e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
Bare feet or gymnastic
slippers are acceptable.
[No sock feet are allowed.]
Footwear must be easily
accessible in case of fire.
(See General Procedures)
FACILITIES
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Allow for landings at
safe distances away
from walls and other
equipment.
Students must be instructed not to attempt: aerial somersaults
on or off the apparatus, extended dive rolls [e.g., dive rolls for
distance, diving over bodies], front handsprings and back
handsprings.
Allow for adequate
space so that all
practicing will be
safe.
The apparatus must be introduced one piece at a time, working
towards the development of a circuit and mat work must
precede apparatus. Students should be instructed on landings
first.
SUPERVISION
Mat-work requires on site supervision.
Constant visual supervision is required
if the students are doing inversions.
Be aware of the physical limitations of the students [e.g.,
strength, flexibility, weak wrists, epilepsy].
G Y M N A S T I C S
page 35
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
GYMNASTICS
CLIMBER
Early and Middle Years
EQUIPMENT
CLIMBER:
Trestles or wall climber.
Equipment set up and
adjustment must be done
under the direction of the
teacher.
Check clamps and feet of
trestles, wall lever and
floor pins of wall climber
to ensure that the climber
is secure. Check daily for
defective parts.
General utility mats must
be placed on all landing
areas [see Gymnastics General Procedures for
mat specifications, page
34].
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
FACILITIES
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Suitable gym clothing
must be worn so that
the child has bare
elbows and knees.
Allow for landings at
safe distances away
from walls and other
equipment.
Hanging inversions can only be done under direct instruction
of the teacher and a 30.5 cm - 60.9 cm [12” - 24”] landing
mat must be in place. Students should be instructed on
landings first.
No dresses, skirts, or
jeans may be worn.
Inversions must be supervised, and must be done so that a
student hangs no higher than 1 1/2 m [5’] above the floor.
Bare feet; running
shoes; or gymnastics
slippers are acceptable. [No sock feet
are allowed.]
Where a horizontal ladder or bars are at chest height, a child
may climb on top. When a horizontal ladder or bars are above
chest height of student, [e.g., stretch height], hanging and
traveling are permitted. Traveling on top is not permitted.
SUPERVISION
Climber requires constant visual
supervision.
Ensure that there is no overcrowding by the students.
Remind the students
to tie their shoe laces
securely.
Jewellery representing
a safety concern must
be removed.
If not removable, it
must be taped [e.g.,
medical alert
identification,
religious/cultural
jewellery]. Eyewear
may need to be
removed or secured.
Adjust the equipment to the appropriate height of the students,
and appropriate to the activity being performed.
Students must not jump from anything higher than their own
shoulder height.
Horizontal ladders and bars of trestles must not be approached
from the side as trestles could slide sideways.
Skills must be taught in the proper progression.
C L I M B E R • G Y M N A S T I C S
p a g e
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GYMNASTICS
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
CLIMBING ROPES
Early and Middle Years
EQUIPMENT
CLIMBING ROPES:
General utility mats must
be placed under the ropes
[see Gymnastics - Mat
work for specifications].
Check regularly for
fraying. If the ropes are
severely frayed, do not use
them as students can get
slivers.
Inversion activities
require a 30.5 cm - 60.9
cm [12” - 24”] landing
mat underneath.
A stable platform [e.g.,
utility box] is necessary to
initiate a swing.
If the ropes are used for
swinging -- the mats
must cover the floor
surface below the path of
the rope.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must
be worn:
Suitable footwear
and gym clothing
that allows the
student unrestricted
movement.
Bare feet are
acceptable.
[Sock feet are not
acceptable.]
FACILITIES
Allow for landings at
safe distances away
from walls and other
equipment.
The area used for the
ropes must be clear of
all obstructions.
[This includes
leaving room to
swing back and
forth.]
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
Inversions must be done so that a student hangs no higher
than approximately 1 1/2 m [5’] above the floor.
Introduce rope activities in a developmental sequence. Students
should be instructed on landings first.
On Site Supervision is required.
Constant visual supervision is
required for inversions.
Swinging activities must be conducted in a controlled manner
[e.g., specify a designated start and finish point].
Always stress control before height. Teachers must designate a
maximum climbing height [e.g., 3.9 m].
Jewellery representing
a safety concern must
be removed. If not
removable, it must be
taped -- [e.g., medical
alert identification,
religious/cultural
jewellery]. Eyewear
may need to be
removed or secured.
C L I M B I N G
R O P E • G Y M N A S T I C S
p a g e
37
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Early and Middle Years
EQUIPMENT
PARALLEL BARS:
[Middle Years Only]
STILL RINGS:
[Middle Years Only]
BALANCE BEAM:
[Early & Middle Years]
UNEVEN PARALLEL
BARS:
[Middle Years Only]
Equipment must be
inspected and tested on a
regular basis and
repaired as required.
The teacher must check
all locking mechanisms
before use.
General utility mats must
be placed to designate the
landing area [see page
34, Gymnastics General Procedures for
mat specifications].
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must
be worn: Suitable
footwear and gym
clothing that allows
the student unrestricted movement.
Bare feet or gymnastic slippers are
acceptable.
[No sock feet are
allowed.]
FACILITIES
The mats must be
situated around/
under the apparatus
as a landing area
such that there is no
overlap or open
space.
Remind the students
to tie their shoe laces
securely.
Equipment must be
properly secured to
the floor/ceiling.
Long hair must be
tied back.
Ensure sufficient
space between each
apparatus to allow
free movement on the
apparatus and also
sufficient space to
dismount.
Jewellery representing
a safety concern must
be removed. If not
removable, it must be
taped -- [e.g., medical
alert identification,
religious/cultural
jewellery]. Eyewear
may need to be
removed or secured.
PARALLEL BARS, STILL RINGS, BALANCE
BEAM, UNEVEN PARALLEL BARS
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Students must demonstrate an understanding of the term
“spotting”. [see General Gymnastics Procedures, page 34].
No inversion unless instructed by the teacher and a
30.5 cm - 60.9 cm [12” - 24”] landing mat must be in place.
Students should be instructed on landings first.
Skills must be taught in the proper progression.
Velcro mats must be
attached to prevent
slipping on landing.
GYMNASTICS
Equipment height must be appropriate for students
[e.g., beams - shoulder height maximum; hanging activities at
stretch height maximum; support activities on top of bars at
shoulder height].
SUPERVISION
On site supervision is required for the
balance beam and for parallel and
uneven bars.
Inversions require constant visual
supervision.
Constant visual supervision is
required for initial teaching on still
rings. After the initial instruction,
and provided there is no inversion,
on site supervision is required.
If the equipment cannot be lowered sufficiently, place
additional mats under the equipment to achieve the desired
height.
P A R A L L E L B A R S, E T C • G Y M N A S T I C S
p a g e
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Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
GYMNASTICS
BEAT BOARD
Early and Middle Years
EQUIPMENT
BEAT BOARD:
General utility mats or
hard-side/soft-side
landing mats [minimum
10 cm thick] hard side
up, must be placed to
designate the landing
area. [See Gymnastics General Procedures for
mat specifications].
Use a manufactured takeoff board with a carpeted
top and non-skid feet .
Springboards with a flat,
long take-off area must
not be used.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must
be worn:
Suitable footwear
and gym clothing
that allows the
student unrestricted
movement.
FACILITIES
Allow for landings at
a safe distances away
from walls and other
equipment.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Introduce beat board activities in a developmental sequence
[e.g., take-offs and landings from the beat board to the mat
before the beat board to the box horse]. Students should be
instructed on landings first.
SUPERVISION
Vaulting activities require constant
visual supervision.
The combination of beat board and box horse should be
undertaken only at the Middle Years level.
Bare feet are
acceptable.
[Sock feet are not
acceptable.]
Remind the students
to tie their running
shoes securely.
Jewellery representing
a safety concern must
be removed. If not
removable, it must be
taped -- [e.g., medical
alert identification,
religious/cultural
jewellery]. Eyewear
may need to be
removed or secured.
B E A T B O A R D • G Y M N A S T I C S
p a g e
3 9
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
GYMNASTICS
Parallel Bars, High Bar, Still Rings, Uneven Parallel Bars, Floor, Balance
Beam, Pommel Horse, Vaulting Horse, Ropes
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone must be accessible.
All equipment must be inspected on a regular
basis and repaired as necessary. The teacher
must do a safety check for proper set up prior to
student use. Ensure all locking mechanisms
are checked prior to use.
General utility mats are to be used for floor
work and tumbling: [e.g., ensolite 3.8 cm
[1 1/2”]; trocellen 5.1 cm [2”]; ethefoam
3.8 cm [1 1/2”]; sarneige 3.8 cm [1 1/2”];
mats of equivalent compaction rating.
The landing surfaces to be used for elevated
inverted skills:
30.5 cm - 60.9 cm [12" - 24"] solid or
cross-linked foam pit. These surfaces must not
be used as landing surfaces for vaulting or for
controlled landings off any piece of equipment
[e.g., landing on the feet].
The landing surfaces to be used for feet first
landings [e.g., vaulting, dismounts from a
height]: Hard side/soft side landing mat,
minimum 10 cm -- with hard side up and no
gap between the box horse and the landing
surface. No spring boards.
Early Years -- The beat board must not be used
with the box horse.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
Bare feet or gymnastic
slippers are acceptable.
[No sock feet are
allowed.] Footwear
must be easily accessible
in case of fire.
Socks or gymnastics
slippers may be worn
except on the balance
beam and when
vaulting.
Snugly fitting clothes
that allow unrestricted
movement must be
worn.
Long hair must be tied
back.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not
removable, it must be
taped -- [e.g., medical
alert identification,
religious/cultural
jewellery]. Eyewear
may need to be removed
or secured.
FACILITIES
Mats must be situated
around/under the
apparatus as a landing
area such that there are
no overlaps or open
spaces.
Precautions must be
taken to minimize the
movement of mats on
impact.
Velcro mats must be
attached.
Ensure that there is
sufficient space between
each apparatus to allow
free movement and also
sufficient space to
dismount.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Students must be instructed on safety rules
related to gymnastics and all associated
apparatus prior to using any of the
equipment.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression. [e.g., students should be
instructed on landings first.]
SUPERVISION
On site supervision is
required.
Constant visual
supervision is required
when the students are
attempting difficult
moves for the first time
on an apparatus.
The teacher must be aware of the physical
limitations and initial skill levels of the
students.
Students must not be encouraged to perform
skills beyond their physical and psychological
capabilities.
Early Years -• The box horse must be set up at a suitable
height for the students [e.g., below shoulder
height], and appropriate to the activity.
• Appropriate box horse activities include:
static balances, landings, and basic vaulting
progressions. [Aerial somersaults, neck
springs, headsprings, or handsprings are not
allowed off the box horse.]
• The 30.5 cm x 60.9 cm [12” x 24”]
landing mat must not be used for landings
off the box horse.
G Y M N A S T I C S
page 4 0
GG
Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
GYMNASTICS/TRAMPOLINE
All Grades
[
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
The trampoline must be
inspected on a regular
basis and must be
repaired as necessary.
The trampoline must be
properly set up and
checked by the instructor
prior to use. Floor mats
must surround the
trampoline, which must
not be set up near a wall.
The frame padding must
be secure and must cover
the frame and the
springs/shock cords.
A safety zone must be
marked on the
trampoline bed.
[The zone must be a
minimum of 30 cm from
the sides and 60 cm from
the ends.]
Keep the area under the
trampoline clear of all
equipment [e.g.,
trampoline wheels].
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
Closely fitting gym
clothing allowing
unrestricted movement
should be worn.
Gymnastic slippers or
sock feet. [Bare feet are
allowed on a solid bed
only.]
Tie back long hair.
Secure or remove eye
glasses.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
FACILITIES
Ensure that the floor
plan allows enough
space around the
apparatus for safe use,
[i.e., a minimum of 1m
along the sides and 2 m
at the ends (unless there
are end decks).]
The minimum
acceptable ceiling height
is 7 m [24’].
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Students must be instructed on the safety
rules related to the trampoline.
Only one student at a time is permitted on
the trampoline.
Students landing outside the safety zone on
the bed of the trampoline must stop
bouncing and return to the centre of the
trampoline.
Students must understand the term
“spotting”.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression. Students must master the
“STOP BOUNCE” before attempting any
skills. Always stress “CONTROL” BEFORE
HEIGHT.
Students must be discouraged from
attempting moves other than those taught
by the teacher. Knee drops must be avoided.
SUPERVISION
Constant visual supervision is required
during initial instruction. On site
supervision is required following initial
instruction.
Trained student/ teacher spotters must be
located around the trampoline when it is
being used. Minimum 1 per end, 2 per side.
Early Years -- Spotters must be tall enough
so that the trampoline frame is at chest level.
This may require the assistance of older
students.
The trampoline can be set up and taken
down by trained students, but under the
constant visual supervision of the teacher.
Trampoline can only be taught by a Level II
to a Level I N.C.C.P. Trampoline/Gymnastics
certified instructor and the teacher will not
teach "inversions" (somersaults) to classes.
A student must not be asked to do a task
which he/she feels unprepared to attempt.
Early Years -• No inversions are allowed
[e.g., dive rolls or somersaults].
• An angled bed should never be introduced
after the student has become proficient with
flat bed activities.
G Y M N A S T ICS • T R A M POL I N E
page
41
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
GYMNASTICS
MINI-TRAMP
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Frame and springs/shock
cords must be covered by
secure protective padding.
General utility mats must
be used for landings.
Also acceptable are
hard-side/soft-side landing
mats [minimum 10 cm
thick] with the hard side
up.
DO NOT USE THICK
LANDING MATS.
Ensure that there is no gap
between the mini tramp
and the landing surface.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
Bare feet or gymnastic
slippers are acceptable.
[No sock feet are
allowed.] Footwear must
be easily accessible in
case of fire.
Students must wear
suitable gym clothing so
that movement is not
restricted.
Tie back long hair.
FACILITIES
Ensure that the floor
plan allows enough
space around the
apparatus for safety of
movement. [Remove all
excess furniture and
equipment [e.g., tables
and chairs] from the
practice area.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
Constant visual supervision is required during
the initial instruction. On site supervision is
required following the initial instruction.
No inversions are permitted [e.g., dive rolls,
somersaults].
Skills must be taught in the proper progression.
Early Years -• Introduce the angled bed when the student
becomes proficient with the flat bed activities.
• The mini tramp must not be used as a
take-off to mount or vault other equipment.
Early Years -• Spotters must be in place around mini
tramp for flat bed activities.
• Constant visual supervision is required.
Allow for landings at safe
distances away from the
walls and other
equipment.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
Early Years -- Remind
the students to tie their
shoelaces securely.
G Y M N A S T I C S
–
M I N I - T R A M P
page 42
GG
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
GYMNASTICS
PYRAMID BUILDING
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
General utility mats must
be used -•ensolite 3.8 cm [1 1/2”]
• trocellen 5.1 cm [2”]
• ethefoam 3.8 cm
[1 1/2”]
• sarneige 3.8 cm
[1 1/2”]
• mats of equivalent
compaction rating.
The mats must be placed
under the pyramid and
must extend one body
length in all directions.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
Soft shoes, socks or bare
feet are acceptable for
standing pyramids.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not
removable, it must be
taped -- [e.g., medical
alert identification,
religious/cultural
jewellery]. Eyewear may
need to be removed or
secured.
FACILITIES
Ensure that lying and
kneeling pyramids are
formed away from all
walls.
Do not build pyramids
near entrances, exits, or
stages.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
Set the maximum number of participants and
the maximum height allowed [depending on
the size, age and skill of the participants].
Constant visual supervision is required during
the instruction and the first attempt; on site
supervision thereafter.
Instruction must include how to assemble and
how to disassemble a pyramid.
Constant visual supervision is required for
standing pyramids.
The weight and size of participants determines
their placement in the pyramid, [e.g., the
bigger students would be part of the base].
On site supervision is required for kneeling
and lying pyramids.
Pyramid building must be the only activity in
the space.
Early Years -- Standing pyramids are not
recommended.
G Y M N A S T I C S
–
P Y R A M I D
B U I L D I N G
page 43
GG
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
HORSE BACK RIDING
Refer to page 103 (Horseback Riding)
in YouthSafe Manitoba: School Field Trip Resource, Safety First section
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Use horses which are
suitable for beginner
riders.
Use appropriate, safe
tack -- properly fitted to
the mounts being used.
Tack [girth, stirrups]
should be adjusted for
each rider and checked
by the instructor.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
Appropriate riding attire
must be worn,
[e.g., boots with heels;
loose or stretch pants].
Properly fitted riding
helmets with chin straps
[approved by CSA, ASTM
or SEI] must be worn.
[Note: Bicycle helmets
do not provide adequate
protection.]
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
FACILITIES
Select a properly
maintained, reputable
riding establishment.
Riding areas (indoor or
outdoor) must have
adequate space and good
footing, free of potential
hazards, [e.g., broken
gates, roadways, etc].
Use an enclosed area for
the initial instruction of
beginner riders before
starting on the trail or in
a larger space.
(ENGLISH OR WESTERN)
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Students must be instructed on safe
handling and riding techniques.
Students must follow the rules laid out
regarding riding areas, treatment of horses,
allowable activities, etc.
Discuss the implementation of an
Emergency Action Plan with the facility staff.
Parents must be aware of this away-fromschool activity and the mode of
transportation being used.
SUPERVISION
Constant visual supervision is required.
Prepare an emergency action plan for this
activity. [Check Appendix D.]
There must be a designated supervisor
[teacher, parent, or responsible adult]
available with a vehicle to
accompany any injured student to the
hospital. This must not be the “in-charge”
supervisor.
On site supervision by a qualified instructor
is required for the initial instruction
[e.g., English or Western Level 1 coach].
In the area supervision is required after the
initial instruction and when out on the
trails.
The teacher must be present as a support
person.
The suggested ratio for this activity is one
qualified instructor to a maximum of 6-8
riders.
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection
against sun, heat and
insects.
H O R S E
B A C K
R I D I N G
page 44
GG
Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
ICE HOCKEY
All Grades
EQUIPMENT
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Properly fitting skates
must be worn
CSA approved hockey
helmet with cage; as well
as gloves, elbow pads,
and throat protector
must be worn.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
If you are using a
regulation hockey puck,
full hockey equipment is
required for all players,
most importantly -goaltenders.
Check sticks for cracks
and splinters.
FACILITIES
The ice surface must be
free from debris and deep
ruts.
All ice rink doors must be
closed.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
The following rules must be in place and
must be enforced by penalties:
a) no body contact
b) no stick on body contact
c) the stick must remain below the waist at
all times with the blade preferably below
knee-level
d) slap shots are not allowed
e) implement a crease for protection of the
goalie
f) no other player [or player’s stick] is
allowed in the goal crease
g) no lifting and slashing the opponent’s
stick
SUPERVISION
Constant visual supervision is required.
Prepare an emergency action plan for this
activity. [Check Appendix D.]
There must be a designated supervisor
[teacher, parent, or responsible adult]
available with a vehicle to
accompany any injured student to the
hospital. This must not be the “in-charge”
supervisor.
Do not use a goaltender unless all players are
fully equipped.
All rules must be clearly outlined and
enforced.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression and the games must be based on
the skills that are taught.
The teacher must modify the game to suit the
equipment available and the ability of the
students.
I C E
H O C K E Y
page 45
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
IN-LINE SKATING
Refer to page 82 (Small Wheel Activities)
in YouthSafe Manitoba: School Field Trip Resource, Safety First section
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Teachers must
communicate to the
students and parents/
guardians the importance
of wearing:
a) a correctly fitting
helmet approved by
CSA, Snell, ANSI,
ASTM, British or
Australian standard
b) elbow pads, knee pads
and wrist guards
c) properly fitting skates
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
FACILITIES
Properly fitting skates must be The skating surface must
be dry and free of any
worn.
obstacles and debris.
Jewellery representing a safety
concern must be removed. If On school site: designate a
skating area free from
not removable, it must be
traffic and significant
taped -- [e.g., medical alert
inclines.
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery]. Eyewear [Use the gymnasium,
where suitable.]
may need to be removed or
secured.
Off school site: follow all
municipal by-law
Outdoor note:
Students must bring suitable regulations pertaining to
protection against sun, heat in-line skating.
and insects.
Choose the routes
carefully in terms of
length, gravel, pavement
and frequency of traffic.
All commercial in-line
skating facilities must
meet safety guidelines.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
Safety
must
be clearly
outlined
On school site: Safety
on
therules
rules
right,
must
pass
be
onoutliuned
the
leftto the
to students.
the stuEmphasize “skate safe and always be in control.”
dents,
* announce
emphasizing
your intention
“skate safe
to pass
and by
always
sayin On site supervision is required.
beSkills
in control”.
must be taught in the proper progression. Beginner
Off school site: Teach skating courtesy, inclu skate in the ate Constant visual supervision is
required.
Teach skating courtesy, including -• skate in the same direction as others
• skate on the right, pass on the left
Prepare an emergency action plan
• announce your intention to pass by saying: “passing on for this activity.
your left”
[Check Appendix D.]
skaters must be allocated their own space.
No walkmans are permitted.
Tag type games are to be avoided.
Provide all skaters, regardless of ability, with basic
instruction in: motion; stopping; and turning.
There must be a designated
supervisor [teacher, parent, or
responsible adult] available with a
vehicle to accompany any injured
student to the hospital. This must
not be the “in-charge” supervisor.
Off Site participation:
• Students must have mastered the basic skills.
• Follow traffic regulations and yield to pedestrians.
• Skate with a “buddy”.
• Be aware of emergency procedures in case of injury.
• Parents must be informed if in-line skating will take
students off school property.
Early Years -• Beginning skaters should be provided with their own
designated area allowing them to skate without
interference from faster moving skaters.
• Designate the skating direction for everyone.
Safety rules must be outlined to the students.
I N - L I N E S K A T I NG
page 46
GG
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
KINBALL
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Use a large inflated ball,
[e.g., Earthball, Omnikin
ball].
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be worn:
Suitable footwear and gym
clothing providing the
student with unrestricted
movement.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. Eyewear may need
to be removed or secured.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
FACILITIES
The playing area must be
free from obstructions,
[e.g., desks, chairs,
pianos].
SUPERVISION
The activities/rules must be modified based
on skill level; age and the facilities/
equipment available.
On site supervision is required.
All access/exit doors
must be closed.
LACROSSE
All Grades
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Lacrosse sticks must be
checked for broken heads
or shafts. Ball: regulation
lacrosse/whiffle/P-30.
Helmets [with cage] as
well as gloves -- are
mandatory. Goalie must
wear FULL equipment.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be
worn: Suitable footwear
[no metal cleats are
allowed], and gym
clothing providing the
student with unrestricted
movement.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed.
(BOX/FIELD)
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
FACILITIES
The playing area must be
free of debris and
obstructions; must
provide suitable footing;
and must be well
removed from traffic,
with boundaries clearly
identified.
SUPERVISION
On site supervision is required.
Body contact is not allowed.
Stick-on-stick and stick-on-body contact is
not allowed.
Establish a crease area around the goal.
No other player or player’s stick is allowed in
the crease.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression. Games must be based on the
skills taught.
K I N B A L L
•
L A C R O S S E
–
B O X / F I E L D
page 47
GG
Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
All Grades
INTER - LACROSSE
(SOFT)
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
A soft, hollow, air-filled
ball must be used for
both indoor and outdoor
play.
A face mask must be
worn by the goaltender.
Use Inter-Lacrosse sticks
with a durable plastic
head and lightweight
aluminum handle.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be
worn:
Suitable footwear and
gym clothing providing
the student with
unrestricted movement.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped.
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
FACILITIES
The playing area must be
free of debris and
obstructions; must
provide suitable footing;
and, if outdoors, must be
well removed from
traffic, with boundaries
clearly identified.
A firstEQUIPMENT
aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
For throws or falls, 5.1 cm
[2"] CLEAN wrestling
mats, or mats of equivalent compaction rating are
required.
[See page 34, “Gymnastics, general utility mats”
for specifications.]
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
CLOTHING/
This activity is performed
in bareFOOTWEAR
feet.
Loose, comfortable
clothing should be worn.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. Eyewear may
need to be removed or
secured.
SUPERVISION
Rules must be modified to exclude
stick-on-stick and stick-on-body contact; and
to prevent accidental contact within 1 m of the
gym wall or the playground fence.
On site supervision is required.
Only non-contact lacrosse is to be played.
Skills must be taught in the proper progression
and games must be based on the skills taught.
Always stress student responsibility regarding
individual space.
[Not recommended for Early & Middle Years]
EQUIPMENT
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
MARTIAL ARTS/SELF DEFENSE
Senior Years Only
FACILITIES
FACILITIES
A clear,
smooth, level,
and dry floor surface is
required.
The surrounding area
must be free of all
obstacles (e.g., tables,
chairs, pianos, etc.)
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SPECIAL RULES/
Stress the importance of anticipation;
INSTRUCTION
avoidance of risky situations; self defense
tactics; and appropriate aggression.
SUPERVISION
SUPERVISION
On site supervision
is required.
Qualified instructors must deliver the program.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
Warm-up activities must emphasize
conditioning and flexibility.
L A C R O S S E {S O F T } •
M A R T I A L
A R T S
p age 4 8
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Ensure that the
parachute is in good
condition.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be
worn:
Suitable footwear and
gym clothing providing
the student with
unrestricted movement.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped.
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
FACILITIES
The activity area must
be free of debris and
obstructions; must
provide suitable footing;
and must be well
removed from traffic,
with boundaries clearly
identified.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Do not play games where any body part is put
through the hole in the chute.
Proper skill progression must be taught before
the games are introduced.
PARACHUTE
SUPERVISION
On site supervision is required.
Early Years -- Teachers must maintain
constant visual supervision.
Safety procedures must
be established.
Outdoor Education on pages 49 to 59 have been removed. Refer to pages 41 to 159
in YouthSafe Manitoba: School Field Trip Resource, Safety First section
P A R A C H U T E
p age 6 0
GG
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
R
RACQUET SPORTS
BADMINTON, TENNIS, PICKLEBALL, PADDLE TENNIS,
SQUASH & RACQUETBALL
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Racquetball and
paddleball racquets
must be equipped with a
thong that is worn
around the wrist; must
have no sharp edges or
torn frames; and must
be inspected regularly
for breakage and to
ensure that there is a
proper grip.
When playing on an
enclosed, regulation
court -- protective eye
gear must be worn.
Use balls that are
appropriate to the skill
level of the players, [e.g.,
.
foam
tennis balls or
vinyl balls].
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
FACILITIES
The following must be
worn:
Suitable footwear and
gym clothing providing
the student with
unrestricted movement.
Court boundary lines
must be clearly defined.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
The playing area must
be free from debris and
obstructions and must
provide safe footing.
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection
against sun, heat and
insects.
A safety procedure must
be established for side by
side courts.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
When teaching skills and playing, there must
be enough room for each player to make an
uninterrupted swing.
The code of etiquette for court play must be
taught and enforced, [e.g., “let” calls, and not
entering a court which is in use].
SUPERVISION
During initial instruction, on site
supervision is required.
After initial instruction, in the area
supervision is required.
Setting up the equipment requires on site
supervision.
No more than 4 players are allowed in a
playing area for handball, racquetball and
paddleball. No more than 6-8 players are
allowed on a playing court for badminton.
For squash, only singles may be played unless
a proper doubles court is available.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression and games must be based on the
skills taught.
Early and Middle Years -- Activities/skills
must be modified for the age and ability level
of the participants.
Eye Protection [e.g.,
safety goggles] should
be worn in confined
spaces.
R A C Q U E T
S P O R T S
page 6 1
GG
Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
RINGETTE (ON ICE)
Middle & Senior Years Only
[Not recommended for the Early Years]
EQUIPMENT
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Properly fitted skates
must be worn.
Use a regulation rubber
ring.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
Only regulation
“ringette” sticks are to be
used.
Sticks must be checked
regularly for cracks.
CSA approved hockey
helmet with cage must be
worn by all players.
Gloves must be worn.
FACILITIES
The ice surface must be
free from debris and deep
ruts.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
The following rules must be in place and
must be enforced by penalties:
a) no body contact
b) no stick on body contact
c) the stick must remain below the waist at
all times with the blade preferably below
knee-level
d) slap shots are not allowed
e) implement a crease for protection of the
goalie
f) no other player [or player’s stick] is
allowed in the goal crease
g) no lifting and slashing the opponent’s
stick
h) the goalie must remain in the crease area
SUPERVISION
On site supervision is required.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
Modify the games to suit the ability of the
students.
The ring must be passed over each blue line.
R I N G E T T E
page 62
Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
FULL CONTACT Rugby is not an appropriate activity
for classroom physical education.
Written permission from a school board official is required.
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Regulation or
developmentally
appropriate rugby balls or
footballs are to be used.
Mouthguards must be
worn for contact rugby.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be
worn:
Suitable footwear and
gym clothing providing
the student with unrestricted movement.
Metal or composite cleats
must not be worn in
class.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
RUGBY
All Grades
FACILITIES
The playing area must be
free of debris and
obstructions; must
provide suitable footing;
and must be well
removed from traffic,
with boundaries clearly
identified.
Goal posts should be
padded if they are in the
field of play.
Use collapsible flags or
soft pylons to mark all
the boundaries and lines.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Modify the rules to accommodate ability/age/
physical development, [e.g., non-contact
Rugby].
SUPERVISION
On site supervision is required.
Full Contact play is permitted only if:
• participation is completely optional
• students are free to withdraw from
activities for which they feel unprepared
• students have been physically prepared for
contact rugby
• students wear mouthguards
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
Games must be based on the skills taught.
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection
against sun, heat and
insects.
R U G B Y
page 63
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
SCOOPBALL
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Scoops and scoop balls
must be in good playing
condition.
[e.g., no cracks and/or
chips].
If a goalie is used, the
goalie must wear a
protective mask.
Use nets made of plastic
or PVC material.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be
worn:
Suitable footwear and
gym clothing providing
the student with unrestricted movement.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
FACILITIES
The playing area must be
free of obstructions,
including tables/chairs,
other equipment, etc.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Proper skill progression must be taught
before the games are introduced.
SUPERVISION
On site supervision is required.
Games must be based on the skills taught.
No intentional contact is allowed,
[e.g., body-to-body or scoop-to-body].
Stress the student’s responsibility regarding
the need for individual space.
If a goalie is used in a game situation, a
crease must be implemented
[see Ball Hockey].
S C O O P B A L L
page 64
GG
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
SCOOTER BOARDS
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Scooter boards must be
in good repair,
[e.g., no cracks, broken
off edges, or loose wheels.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
FACILITIES
The following must be
worn:
Suitable footwear and
gym clothing providing
the student with
unrestricted movement.
The activity area must be
free of obstructions,
including excess
equipment around the
perimeter, [e.g., tables,
chairs, mats, boxes, etc.]
Tie back long hair if the
student is lying down on
the scooter.
Establish boundaries or
use protective mats to
eliminate protrusions,
[e.g., handles on stage
doors].
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
Do not allow standing on the scooter boards.
On site supervision is required.
Stress with the students that scooter boards
are not to be used like skateboards.
In relay type activities, allow room for a
slow-down or run-off area.
Skills must be taught in a logical progression.
Games must be based on skills that are
taught.
Scooter to scooter intentional contact must be
discouraged.
In scooter soccer and scooter hockey,
intentional scooter to scooter contact and
high swings with the legs and sticks must be
discouraged.
Running and diving onto scooterboards is not
permitted.
Do not allow a student on a scooter to be
pulled with a long rope
S C O O T E R
B O A R D S
page 65
GG
Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
Refer to page 137 (SCUBA Diving) in YouthSafe
Manitoba: School Field Trip Resource,
Safety
First section
R
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Certified equipment must
be used and must be
checked before every class
by a certified instructor.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
Suitable swim wear must
be worn, [e.g., swimsuit,
wet suit or T-shirt].
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection
against sun, heat and
insects.
FACILITIES
Senior Years Only
SCUBA DIVING
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
School or community
pools must be used.
Written parent permission for participation is
required.
BACKYARD POOLS MUST
NOT BE USED.
Instructor must have in writing any student
history of: Diabetes, Asthma, Heart Condition,
Convulsions, Epilepsy, frequent ear infections,
or any other medical problems that may affect
the student’s safety in the water. [Student
medical information sheets must be on site.]
All students must remain in the shallow end
with their buddy unless accompanied by an
instructor.
A classroom session must be taught so that
students are familiar with the equipment and
safety procedures.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
SUPERVISION
The teacher must accompany the students to
the pool and must remain in the area during
instruction.
Certified scuba instructors must be present in
the ratio of 1:8 students.
A qualified lifeguard must be on the pool deck
[see Aquatics].
Constant visual supervision is required.
The instructor must be certified by one of the
following:
1. A.C.U.C. [The Association of Canadian
Underwater Councils]
2. N.A.U.I. [The National Association of
Underwater Instructors]
3. P.A.D.I. [The Professional Association of
Diving Instructors]
In-class theory sessions and an open-water
dive are required for certification.
S C U B A
D I V I N G
page 66
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
Refer to page 146 (Skating)
in YouthSafe Manitoba: School Field Trip Resource, Safety First section
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
Teachers must communicate to the students and
parents/ guardians the
importance of:
a) wearing a CSA
approved hockey
helmet [compulsory]
b) wearing properly fitted
skates
c) wearing gloves or mitts
d) transporting skates
safely
e) wearing long sleeves
f) knowing whether the
activity is indoors or
outdoors
Outdoor note: Students
must bring suitable
protection against cold and
sun.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable,
it must be taped -- [e.g.,
medical alert identification, religious/cultural
jewellery]. Eyewear may
need to be removed or
secured.
FACILITIES
SKATING (ICE)
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Before skating on
outdoor ponds, the ice
safety must be
determined with
absolute certainty
[contact local
authorities for
information].
The safety rules must be clearly explained to
the students [e.g., skating in the same
direction].
The ice safety for indoor
skating must also be
checked. The instructor
must check for bumps
and cracks, and must
make sure that all rink
doors onto the ice are
closed.
Implement a process for identification of
skating skill levels. Beginner skaters must
have their own skating area for an appropriate period of time.
If the skating is outdoors -- discuss frostbite
and explain how the students can recognize it
and treat it. [See “Environmental Concerns”
section on page 12.]
SUPERVISION
Constant visual supervision is required.
Prepare an emergency action plan for this
activity. [Check Appendix D.]
There must be a designated supervisor
[teacher, parent, or responsible adult]
available with a vehicle to accompany any
injured student to the hospital. This must
not be the “in-charge” supervisor.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression; a portion of the ice time must be
devoted to instruction; activities must be
appropriate to the skill level of the students;
and games must be based on the skills
taught.
Aggressive tag type games, racing and “crackthe-whip” must be avoided.
Stress skating technique -- not speed -- in all
games, challenges, and drills.
S K A T I N G
( I C E )
page 67
GG
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
SKIING (ALPINE)/
SNOWBOARDING
Refer to page 156 (Alpine and Snowboarding)
in YouthSafe Manitoba: School Field Trip Resource, Safety First section
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
No long scarves are
permitted. Long hair must
be tied back or tucked in.
All bindings must be in
working order; set to the
proper tension; and must
meet current, approved
guidelines.
Clothing must be
adequate for outdoor
winter activity.
When renting equipment
-- boards, skis and poles
of the proper length must
be selected for each
student. The edges and
bases must be in good
repair.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
Boots and bindings must
be compatible.
If the equipment is
borrowed, it must fit
properly. Bindings must
be inspected and adjusted
by a knowledgeable
equipment technician on
site.
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection against
cold and sun.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
FACILITIES
Define the skiing/
snowboarding area to
the students so they are
aware of the boundaries
for the activity.
The area must be
patrolled by members of
a recognized Ski Patrol.
SUPERVISION
See “General Procedures”
In the area supervision is required.
Ensure that all students are thoroughly
familiar with Alpine safety rules [including
lift procedures] and the role of the ski patrol.
Teachers must be aware of students with a
history of medical ailments.
Prepare an emergency action plan for this
activity. [Check Appendix D.]
Prior to the activity, discuss proper clothing
and how to recognize and treat frostbite and
hypothermia.
There must be a designated supervisor
[teacher, parent, or responsible adult]
available with a vehicle to accompany any
injured student to the hospital. This must
not be the “in-charge” supervisor.
Instructor/student ratio -- 1:10
Parents must give written permission for their
child’s involvement in this activity and must
be made aware of the importance of suitable
clothing and equipment.
School teacher supervisor/student ratio -Early Years - 1:12
Middle Years - 1:20
Senior Years - 1:30
All students must be tested and grouped
appropriately as determined by a qualified
ski/snowboard instructor. Those identified as
needing instruction must participate in an
instructional lesson.
Students must be taught the importance of
“control at all times” in skiing/snowboarding
and they must ski/snowboard only on
appropriate areas as identified by a qualified
ski instructor. [Only those students identified
by the qualified ski/snowboard instructor may
use snowboards]
S K I I N G
( A L P I N E )
/
S N O W B O A R D I N G
page 6 8
GG
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
SKIPPING
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Use ropes of appropriate
length for the size and
ability of the students.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be
worn:
Suitable footwear and
gym clothing providing
the student with
unrestricted movement.
Shoes must be worn at
all times. [No bare feet
are allowed.]
FACILITIES
The area must be free of
obstructions to enable
safe movement and
provide adequate
personal space.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
SUPERVISION
In the area supervision is required.
Ropes must not be tied around the neck or
swung wildly.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection
against sun, heat and
insects.
S K I PP I N G
page 6 9
GG
Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
Senior Years Only
Refer to page 135 (Snorkeling)
R in YouthSafe Manitoba: School Field Trip Resource, Safety First section
EQUIPMENT
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Suitable swimwear
should be worn.
All equipment must be
certified and checked so
that the mask fits properly
and is water tight; and the
snorkel tube fits the
mouth and is
unobstructed.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
Fins, if worn, must fit
properly.
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection
against sun, heat and
insects.
FACILITIES
Use a school or
community swimming
pool.
BACKYARD POOLS MUST
NOT BE USED.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Students must be familiar with emergency
procedures relating to the pool facility.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
Prior to water activities, the students must
complete the following swim test:
• swim 100 m continuously using any stroke
• tread water for 3 minutes
SNORKELING
SUPERVISION
The maximum ratio of qualified teachers/
instructors to students is- 1:10
A non-teacher instructor must be certified by
one of the following:
1. A.C.U.C. [The Association of Canadian
Underwater Councils]
2. A.C.U.C. [Snorkeling Instructor’s
Program]
3. N.A.U.I. [The National Association of
Underwater Instructors]
4. P.A.D.I. [The Professional Association of
Diving Instructors]
The teacher must accompany the students to
the pool and must remain in the area
during instruction.
At least one supervisor must have:
1. N.L.S. Lifeguard Certificate, OR
2. Current First Aid Qualifications:
a) St. John Emergency First Aid
Certificate, OR
b) Canadian Red Cross Emergency First
Aid, OR
c) R.L.S.S. Aquatic Emergency Care
Certificate, OR
d) Canadian Ski Patrol First Aid
Certificate.
S N O R K E L I N G
page 7 0
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
SOCCER
(INDOOR AND OUTDOOR)
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible
Outdoor soccer balls
must not be used indoors
for games or for shooting
on the goalie, but may
be used for indoor drills.
Portable goals must be
fastened down to ensure
that they will not fall
over.
Early Years -- Nerf balls
or indoor soccer balls are
to be used for indoor
soccer games.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be
worn: suitable footwear
and gym clothing
providing the student
with unrestricted
movement.
No metal or molded
cleats are permitted.
No bare feet.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
Outdoor note: Students
must bring suitable
protection against sun,
heat and insects.
FACILITIES
The outdoor playing area
must be free from debris
and obstructions; must
provide suitable footing;
and must be well
removed from traffic
areas. Boundaries must
be clearly identified.
For indoor soccer - keep
the gym free of hazards,
[e.g., tables, chairs, etc].
Use collapsible, soft
pylons or use field paint
to mark all the
boundaries and lines.
For indoor and outdoor
soccer -- ensure that the
goals are secured so that
they cannot fall over.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Skills must be taught in the proper progression. Games must be based on the skills
taught.
SUPERVISION
On site supervision is required.
Slide tackling must not be used in class.
Instruct the students never to climb on
moveable outdoor goals and teach the safe
handling and potential dangers associated
with such goals.
Early & Middle Years • For indoor and outdoor soccer, a goal
crease needs to be established and no other
player except the goalie is allowed in the
crease.
• Limit the time spent on “heading”
technique instruction. [e.g., where the ball
is struck with the head]
• If “heading” techniques are being taught,
take into consideration: the type of ball; the
number of repetitions; and the distance
involved.
Senior Years • Shin pads should be
worn for additional
protection during formal
games.
S O C C E R
page 71
GG
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Bats must not be cracked
and must have an
adequate grip; fielders
should wear baseball
gloves; and there should
be a “safety” base at first
base.
Early and Middle Years -• Pitching is restricted to
slow pitch or restrictedflight balls. Use indoor
balls [e.g., 11” Softies/
Incrediballs]
• Use batting “T’s” and
lightweight [26 oz.] bats
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be
worn: Suitable footwear
and gym clothing
providing the student
with unrestricted
movement. [No metal
cleats are allowed.]
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed.
If a regulation soft ball
is used, the catcher
must wear shinguards,
a mask with a throat
protector, and a chest
protector. The umpire
must wear a mask and
it is recommended that
the umpire also wear a
chest protector. Batters
and base runners must
wear helmets. These
must have no cracks
and must have inside
padding.
Outdoor note: Students
must bring suitable
protection against sun,
heat and insects.
FACILITIES
The playing area must
be free of debris and
obstructions; must
provide suitable footing;
and must be well
removed from traffic,
with boundaries clearly
identified.
If more than one activity
is going on, always
ensure that there is a safe
distance between the
activities.
Backstops must be
checked for broken wire
prior to each game.
SOFTBALL/ LOB BALL/
3 PITCH/BASEBALL
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Student umpires without protective equipment must not be positioned behind
homeplate; they must stand behind the
pitcher or the screen, or outside the base lines.
SUPERVISION
On site supervision is required.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression. Games must be based on the
skills taught.
All plays at homeplate must be force plays.
Use a commitment line on the 3rd base line.
Players must be taught to drop or lay down
the bat after hitting. They must not release it
during the follow through of the swing.
To avoid the danger of a slipped bat,
non-fielding players must stand well back of
the batter’s box or behind a screen or fence.
[Always keep fingers away from the screen.]
Early and Middle Years -• No sliding is allowed.
• The back catcher must be a safe distance
behind home plate and must wear a mask.
• The catcher is not intended to catch the
pitch but rather to retrieve the ball. Only a
back catcher [not a catcher] must be used for
in-class softball.
• Teach batters to use a proper grip.
[Not cross-handed.]
S OF T BALL • LOB BALL • 3 PITCH • B A S E B A L L
page 7 2
GG
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
TABLE TENNIS
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Regulation-size table
tennis paddles and balls
are required.
Tables and paddles must
be in good condition.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
FACILITIES
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
The following must be
worn:
Suitable footwear and
gym clothing providing
the student with unrestricted movement.
There must be room for
mobility around the
tables.
There must be a careful routine for
setting-up and dismantling the tables with
direct teacher supervision.
A smooth, level and dry
floor surface is required.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
The playing area must
be free of all obstacles.
Games must be based on the skills that are
taught.
SUPERVISION
In the area supervision is required during
play.
On site supervision is required during the set
up and dismantling of tables.
T A B L E
T E N N I S
page 73
GG
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
TEAM HANDBALL
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone must
be accessible.
Regulation team handball
nets must be safely stored
when not in use. Use indoor
nets that are padded or made
of plastic.
Ball hockey nets or “wall
mats” can also be used as
goals.
Use a nerf ball, soft utility
ball, soft volleyball or a team
hand ball.
Early Years -• Use a “nerf” soccer ball,
soft utility ball, or soft
volleyball. [6” size is the best
choice.]
• Use ball hockey nets,
pylons, or wall mats for
goals. [The wall can also be
taped.]
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must
be worn:
Suitable footwear
and gym clothing
providing the
student with
unrestricted
movement.
Jewellery
representing a safety
concern must be
removed. If not
removable, it must
be taped -- [e.g.,
medical alert
identification,
religious/cultural
jewellery]. Eyewear
may need to be
removed or secured.
FACILITIES
The playing area must be
free from debris and
obstructions and must
provide safe footing.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
No body contact is allowed.
On site supervision is required.
The crease area must be clearly defined when using a
goalie.
Only the goal tender is allowed in the crease area.
Skills must be taught in the proper progression. Games
must be based on the skills taught.
Activities and rules must be modified based on the age and
ability of students and the facilities/ equipment which are
available.
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection
against sun, heat
and insects.
TEAM HANDBALL
Page 7 4
GG
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
TETHERBALL
Early and Middle Years
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
The tetherball must be in
good repair, with properly
working connections at
the ball and at the pole.
Rope must be in good
repair -- without
excessive fraying.
Check the pole
periodically. A pole that
is leaning severely, or
that is loose at the base
must be repaired.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following
must be worn:
Suitable footwear
and gym clothing
that allows the
student unrestricted
movement.
FACILITIES
Tetherball poles must be
situated away from
traffic areas and areas
where other games are
played [e.g., volleyball,
four square, basketball].
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
Children require instruction in skills and rules before the
game is played.
In the area supervision is
required.
Tetherball games must not be played in slippery, wet
conditions.
Tetherball must be set up by an
adult [or a student under adult
supervision].
Jewellery
representing a
safety concern must
be removed.
If not removable, it
must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification,
religious/cultural
jewellery]. Eyewear
may need to be
removed or secured.
Outdoor note:
Students must
bring suitable
protection against
sun, heat and
insects.
T E T H E R B A L L
p a g e
7 5
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
Refer to page 144 (Tobogganing/Sledding)
in YouthSafe Manitoba: School Field Trip Resource, Safety First section
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
See Appendix A “Parent Letter”
regarding bringing
equipment for use in
class.
Toboggans must be in
good repair with no
jagged edges.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
FACILITIES
Clothing must be
appropriate for outdoor
activity.
For any site, the students
must be made aware of
the boundaries for
activity.
Hat and gloves should
be worn, as needed.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not
removable, it must be
taped -- [e.g., medical
alert identification,
religious/cultural
jewellery]. Eyewear
may need to be removed
or secured.
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection
against cold and sun.
When choosing a site the
following conditions
must be taken into
consideration: sun, wind
and snow conditions, as
well as the suitability of
the terrain.
An appropriate site must
have proximity to
warmth, food and other
facilities.
The hill and run out
section at the bottom of
the slope must be free of
obstacles.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Parents must be made aware if this is an
off-site activity.
Discuss frostbite and hypothermia and how to
recognize and treat them.
Emergency procedures must be established
and communicated to the students.
Seated-use only is allowed on the toboggans.
No pushing or running up the sliding area.
There must be a safe distance between
toboggans.
TOBOGGANING
SUPERVISION
Constant visual supervision is required.
Prepare an emergency action plan for this
activity. [Check Appendix D.]
There must be a designated supervisor
[teacher, parent, or responsible adult]
available with a vehicle to accompany any
injured student to the hospital. This must
not be the “in-charge” supervisor.
If dividing the class into groups, the duties of
supervisors for each group must be clearly
outlined.
No jumping in front of descending toboggans
is allowed.
Overloading of the toboggans is not allowed.
A safe procedure must be established for
students to clear the bottom area and to
return to the top of hill.
Teachers must be aware of students with a
history of asthma and other respiratory
problems.
T O B O G G A N I N G
page 76
GG
Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
Senior Years Only
TRACK AND FIELD
DISCUS
[Not recommended for the Early & Middle Years]
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Wood, metal and rubber
disci must be of a size
appropriate for the age,
sex and physical
maturity of the student.
The discus must not be
cracked, chipped or
otherwise damaged and
must be checked
regularly.
Supply a towel/rag to dry
the discus.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must
be worn:
Suitable footwear
and gym clothing
providing the
student with
unrestricted
movement.
Jewellery representing a safety concern
must be removed. If
not removable, it
must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification,
religious/cultural
jewellery]. Eyewear
may need to be
removed or secured.
FACILITIES
The throwing area must
be free of obstacles and
completely closed to
traffic. [No other activity
must be located in the
area where discus is
taking place.]
The landing area must
be well marked and void
of people during the
activity.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
Skills must be taught in the proper progression
[e.g., from standing to turning technique].
Constant visual supervision is
required.
Students not throwing must be behind the thrower in a
marked off area -- a minimum of 5 m away.
Instruct the students in the safe throwing and retrieving
procedures.
Where there is more than one thrower, they must stand a
safe distance apart on the throwing line.
Throwers-only are allowed to have a discus.
The discus circle/area
must be behind a safety
fence or cage and must
provide safe footing.
Instruction must be given in safety prior to teaching and
practice.
Outdoor note:
Students must
bring suitable
protection against
sun, heat and
insects.
T R A C K
&
F I E L D
–
D I S C U S
page 77
Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
TRACK AND FIELD
Middle & Senior Years Only
HIGH JUMP
[Not recommended for the Early Years]
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
The landing area must be
appropriate for the age,
size and skill level of the
students. The minimum
mat size required is a
single 2 m x 3 m x 50 cm
mat for students doing
back layout technique.
General utility mats must
be placed around and
under the landing pits,
covering the high jump
standard bases on the
landing side with no
gaps.
Two jumping pits used
side by side must be of the
same thickness. [Check
pits regularly for any
damage.]
Bamboo poles must be
tape-wrapped before use.
Check bamboo and/or
fiberglass poles for cracks
regularly.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be
worn:
Suitable footwear and
gym clothing providing
the student with
unrestricted movement.
No bare feet or socks
without shoes are
allowed.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
FACILITIES
The indoor and outdoor
approach-area must be
clear, smooth, dry and
traffic-free.
For indoor jumping,
ensure that the floor
provides a suitable
surface to prevent
slipping.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
Constant visual supervision is required.
Bar monitors must stay in front of and to the
side of the standards at all times.
Senior Years -- Following the initial skill
instruction and after all safety concerns have
been emphasized -- on site supervision is
appropriate.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression. Stress technique rather than
competition.
Stress a short, controlled approach
[e.g., between 3 and 9 steps].
Check that landing mats and velcro mats are
firmly secured and do not slide when landed
upon by a jumper.
It is advisable that any teacher who is
unfamiliar with high jump technique seek
assistance from appropriate support staff
and/or refrain from using the equipment
until help is received.
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection
against sun, heat and
insects.
A weighted rope or elastic
may be used rather than
a crossbar.
T R A C K
&
F I E L D
–
H I G H
J U M P
page 78
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
TRACK AND FIELD
HURDLES
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Use low hurdles, or loose
crossbars for classroom
instruction. [Check
hurdle crossbars for
splinters before use.]
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be
worn: Suitable footwear
and gym clothing
providing the student
with unrestricted
movement.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
FACILITIES
The activity requires an
appropriate area which
provides a clear flat
surface.
SUPERVISION
On site supervision is required.
Instruct the students on how to set up the
equipment properly.
Modify heights and distances to accommodate
different ability levels.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed.
TRACK AND FIELD
JAVELIN
JAVELIN is not a recommended activity for classroom instruction.
Written permission from a School Board Official is required.
TRACK AND FIELD
POLE VAULT
POLE VAULT is not an appropriate activity for classroom instruction.
TRACK
&
FIELD
–
HURDLES
•
JAVELIN
•
POLE
VAULT
page 79
GG
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
TRACK AND FIELD
SHOT PUT
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Only shots designed for
indoor use can be used in
the indoor program.
Shot must be of
appropriate size and
weight for the age and
strength of the students.
Supply a towel/rag to dry
the shot.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be
worn:
Suitable footwear
providing good support,
and gym clothing
providing the student
with unrestricted
movement.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
FACILITIES
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
The putting circle must
provide safe footing.
There must be only one specified putting
direction, completely free of traffic.
The landing area must be
well marked and void of
people during the activity.
Establish safe routines for putting and
retrieving shots.
Constant visual supervision is required.
Senior Years -- Following the initial
instruction and after all safety concerns
have been emphasized, on site supervision is
appropriate.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
All shots must be safely transported to and
from the throwing area.
Teach “standing” shot put technique
[no spin] or the O’Brien technique
[backwards slide plus 180 degree rotation].
Students waiting their turn must be in a
marked off area -- a minimum of 4 m behind
the toe line.
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection
against sun, heat and
insects.
T R A C K
&
F I E L D
–
S H O T
P U T
page 8 0
GG
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
TRACK EVENTS
SPRINTS, 400M, 800M, 1500M, 3000M, RELAYS
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Plastic or aluminum
relay batons should be
used.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
FACILITIES
The following must be
worn:
Suitable footwear and
gym clothing providing
the student with
unrestricted movement.
The activity area must be free
of debris and obstructions;
must provide suitable
footing; and must be well
removed from traffic, with
boundaries clearly identified.
Bare feet are not allowed.
All tracks must be inspected
annually and maintained as
necessary.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
“Blacktop” strips and open
fields may be used if these
areas are suitable, smooth,
clean, level and provide safe
footing.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
In the area supervision is
required.
Skills must be taught in the proper progression.
For distance running: The length of route must be appropriate
for the age and ability level of the participants. Also take into
account:
• the temperature of the day,
• previous training and length of preparation.
Indoor running and use of hallways: No running will take
place where there are glass doors or showcases. Position a
safety barrier in front of doors. Put pylons at stop points and
designate a slow down zone of 10 m or more. All classroom
doors that open out have to be secured open, flush with hall
wall.
Early Years -- Parent permission forms must be completed if
the students are leaving the school grounds.
When running distances,
students may be
temporarily out of sight.
They should run in pairs or
groups.
Early Years -• In the area supervision is
required for middle
distances [400 m, 800 m, &
1500 m].
• On site supervision is
required for sprints and
relays.
Early & Middle Years -• Spikes of any kind
must not be worn.
• Turf shoes must not be
worn.
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection
against sun, heat and
insects.
T R A C K
E V E N T S
/
S P R I N T S ,
R E L A Y
page 81
GG
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
TRACK AND FIELD
TRIPLE JUMP, LONG JUMP
EQUIPMENT
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
A first aid kit and phone The following must be
must be accessible.
worn:
Suitable footwear and
A sand pit and runway
gym clothing providing
with a level surface are the student with
required.
unrestricted movement.
A rake is required,
as well as a shovel or
spade.
No spikes of any kind
may be worn.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
FACILITIES
Pits must be situated away from high
traffic areas and other activity sites,
[e.g.- ball diamonds].
Refrain from jumping if there are slippery conditions.
The pit must be a minimum width of
1.8 m and must be long enough to
accommodate the longest jumper.
There must be a minimum of 0.50 m
between the take-off board and the
front edge of the pit.
Train students to be rakers.
No bare feet are allowed.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
SUPERVISION
The landing area must be soft and
deep with no foreign objects.
Skills must be taught in the proper progression.
As part of training, include rules such as:
a) Remove the rake before the next competitor begins
their approach and hold the rake prongs
downward.
b) Begin raking after the competitor is out of the pit.
c) Rake the sand into the middle as opposed to out to
the sides.
Constant visual supervision
is required during the
initial lessons.
On site supervision is
required after the skills
have been taught.
The pit must be filled with sand to a
minimum depth of 30 cm.
Dig the pit at least once a season and
after any heavy rainfall.
The take-off area must be firm and
flat and swept if it’s “blacktop”.
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection
against sun, heat and
insects.
TRACK
&
FIELD
/
TRIPLE
JUMP
•
LONG
JUMP
page 82
GG
Refer to similar activities in
YouthSafeManitoba: School
Field Trip Resource
Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
Middle
&&&
Senior
Years
Middle
Senior Years
Only Only
Middle
Senior
Years Only
TRACK AND FIELD
TRIATHLON (running, cycling, swimming)
Not recommended for the Early Years
EQUIPMENT
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
SEE ALSO LAKE SWIMMING
FACILITIES
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Suitable footwear and
clothing must be worn.
School or Community
pools must be used.
Training must be done with a partner in all 3
events.
In the area supervision is required for
cycling and running.
Bicycles must be
inspected and checked
on a regular basis before
they are used by the
students.
Suitable swimwear for
swimming should be
worn.
BACKYARD POOLS MUST
NOT BE USED.
Students must be aware of established
emergency procedures in case of an accident.
On site supervision is required by qualified
swim instructors/ lifeguards during the
swimming portion.
Choose routes carefully in
terms of the length, road
surface, and frequency of
traffic.
A record of the students who are running and
cycling, as well as the route they will be
travelling, must be left in the school with the
appropriate staff.
Suggested ratio: a maximum of 25 students
per qualified N.L.S. lifeguard/instructor
[pools and lake].
A map of the routes to be
used must be available in
the school and must also
be supplied to the
students.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
A person with current first aid certification
must be accessible.
Bicycle size must be
appropriate for the rider.
Correctly fitting bicycle
helmets approved by
CSA, Snell, ANSI, ASTM,
British or Australian
standard are required.
Proper running shoes
[in good condition] must
be worn for distance
training.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
Modify the length of the routes and swims to
accommodate training and differences in age,
ability, and physical development.
The instructor must consider weather
conditions [wind, cold, heat, rain] when
training the students for the activities.
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection
against sun, heat and
insects.
T R A C K
&
F I E L D
–
T R I A T H L O N
page 83
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
ULTIMATE
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone must
be accessible.
The disc must be
commensurate with the ability
level of the students and the
wind condition of the day e.g., soft [cloth] disc, heavy
discs.
Discs must be inspected for
cracks or spurs.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
FACILITIES
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
The following must
be worn:
Suitable footwear
and gym clothing
providing the
student with
unrestricted
movement.
The playing area must be
free of debris and
obstructions; must
provide suitable footing;
and must be well removed
from traffic, with
boundaries clearly
identified.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
No metal cleats may
be worn.
Goal posts should be
padded if they are in the
field of play.
No body contact is allowed.
Jewellery
representing a safety
concern must be
removed. If not
removable, it must
be taped -- [e.g.,
medical alert
identification,
religious/cultural
jewellery]. Eyewear
may need to be
removed or secured.
SUPERVISION
On site supervision is required for the initial
instruction, followed by in the area
supervision.
The game activities must be based on the skills
that are taught and on the wind conditions.
Wind conditions must also be taken into
account when planning skill-teaching.
For indoor activity: keep
the gym free of hazards
[e.g., tables, chairs,
pianos].
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection
against sun, heat
and insects.
U L T I M A T E
page 84
GG
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
VOLLEYBALL
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone must
be accessible.
Poles must be safely stored
when not in use.
Nets must not have any
exposed wires along the top or
frayed wires along the poles.
It is suggested that wires
attaching the poles to the floor
should NOT be used.
Only use leather or
synthetic-leather volleyballtype balls.
Select a ball commensurate
with the skill level of the
students.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must
be worn:
Suitable footwear
and gym clothing
providing the
student with
unrestricted
movement.
Jewellery
representing a safety
concern must be
removed. If not
removable, it must
be taped -- [e.g.,
medical alert
identification,
religious/cultural
jewellery]. Eyewear
may need to be
removed or secured.
FACILITIES
When the volleyball poles
are removed, the floor
plugs must be replaced.
The playing surface and
surrounding areas must
be free of all obstacles.
The playing surface must
provide good traction.
Outdoor volleyball courts
must provide safe footing.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
Activities/rules must be modified to the age
and ability level of the participants.
Do not allow the students to climb up the pole
to attach the net.
SUPERVISION
On site supervision is required during the
initial lessons during setting up and taking
down of the equipment.
In the area supervision is required after the
skills have been taught.
Early Years -- Constant visual supervision is
required if the students are setting up and
putting away the volleyball poles.
Beach volleyball courts
must have a sufficient
amount of sand so that
there are no bare patches
or hard dirt areas.
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection
against sun, heat
and insects.
V O L L E Y B A L L
page 85
GG
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
WALL CLIMBING
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and
phone must be
accessible.
Ropes and associated
climbing equipment
designed specifically
for wall climbing
must be used.
Use a mechanical
belay system [e.g.,
stitch plate, munter
hitch, gri gri, ATC,
tuber type of belay
device].
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
No loose clothing may be
worn.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
FACILITIES
The area for climbing must be
appropriate for the ability
level of the students.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
Written parent permission is required for participation in this
activity.
No lead climbing or protection placement by students is allowed.
An emergency action plan must be designed and communicated to
all those involved in the program.
Safety procedures must be clearly outlined to the students.
A lesson must be an integral part of the program for all students.
Skills must be taught in the proper progression.
The instructor/leader must be familiar with the climbing facility.
The instructor/
supervisor must have the
appropriate Manitoba
rock-climbing certification, or the equivalent.
Constant visual supervision is required. The
Supervisor/Student ratio
must be a maximum of
1:8. The teacher must
accompany the students
to the site and must
remain on site for the
instruction if a person
other than the teacher is
doing the instructing.
Completed medical forms must be accessible at all times.
Prepare an emergency
All equipment must be inspected by the instructor prior to the climb. action plan for this
activity.
Students must be allowed to select the challenge of their choice.
[See Appendix D.]
There must be a
designated
supervisor [teacher,
parent, or responsible
adult] available with a
vehicle to accompany
any injured student to
the hospital. This must
not be the “in-charge”
supervisor.
W A L L
C L I M B I N G
page 86
GG
Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
Senior Years Only
WATERPOLO
[Not recommended for the Early & Middle Years]
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and
phone must be
accessible.
Standard safety
equipment is
required, as stated in
the pool regulations
[e.g., ring buoys,
reaching poles,
spinal boards, etc.].
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
FACILITIES
Suitable swimwear should
be worn.
Use only a school or
community swimming pool.
Inform the swim instructor of any students having medical
problems that may affect student safety in the water.
A device for keeping hair
from obstructing vision
[e.g., elastic] is required.
BACKYARD POOLS MUST
NOT BE USED.
Students must meet a minimum swimming guideline
[e.g., swimming 100 m using any stroke and treading water
for 3 minutes].
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection
against sun, heat and
insects.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
Ratio: a maximum of 25 pupils
per qualified National Lifeguard
Service (N.L.S.) lifeguard/
instructor.
On site supervision is required by
the teacher.
Fingernails must be closely trimmed.
Modify the rules to accommodate the age and ability of the
participants.
Skills must be taught in the proper progression. Games must
be based on the skills taught.
Each instructor can supervise
only one class or group.
Students must ask permission to
leave the pool area.
A person with current first aid
certification must be accessible.
Students must adhere to the following regulations:
a) no running or pushing on the deck
b) no gum chewing
c) no food in the pool area
d) stay clear of the diving area
e) do not dive into the shallow end
f) no shoes allowed on the deck
Showers must be taken before entering the pool.
Where students go off school board property to a pool,
parents must be informed.
Emergency procedures must be outlined to the students prior
to entering the water.
Students with infected cuts or sores must not be in the pool.
W A T E R P O L O
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Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and
phone must be
accessible.
All equipment must
be checked before use
and repaired as
necessary.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
Suitable clothing and
footwear must be worn
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Use wrestling mats or
general utility mats with
no gaps between them:
• ensolite 3.8 cm
(1 1/2”)
• trocellen 5.1 cm
(2”)
• ethefoam 3.8 cm
(1 1/2”)
• sarneige 3.8 cm
(1 1/2”)
• mats of equivalent
compaction rating.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
Suitable clothing must
be worn. [Socks, bare
feet or wrestling shoes are
acceptable.]
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Glasses must not to be
worn.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
FACILITIES
The weight room must be
locked when it is
unsupervised.
The floor surface below the
free weight activities must
provide sufficient traction so
that weights do not slide and
roll.
SUPERVISION
All students must be instructed in the proper lifting techniques and
safety procedures. All programs must be individualized.
Free weight plates must be secured in place before using.
A buddy system must be used when lifting free weights over the body.
Skills must be taught in the proper progression.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
FACILITIES
SUPERVISION
Mat surfaces must be checked
regularly for irregularities and
must be clean.
Students must wrestle with partners of similar weight, strength
and ability.
The area surrounding the mats
must be free of obstructions/
hazards.
Skills must be taught in the proper progression.
Allow suitable clearance from
the edge of the wrestling area
to the surrounding walls.
Surrounding walls must be
padded if the clearance from
the mat surface is less than
2 m [6’ 6”].
On site supervision is
required for the initial
use of free weights and
weight machines.
In the area supervision is
required after
instructions have been
given on the safe use of
the equipment.
WRESTLING
Middle & Senior Years Only
[Not recommended for the Early Years]
EQUIPMENT
WEIGHT TRAINING
Senior Years Only
[Not recommended for the Early & Middle Years]
On site supervision is
required.
Warm up activities must emphasize conditioning and flexibility.
Rules and illegal moves must be outlined.
Students must referee only under the direct supervision of the
instructor.
Establish a maximum time limit of 3 minutes per round and two
rounds per match, with a 30 second break in between rounds.
Fingernails must be closely trimmed.
All infections, burns and open cuts must be covered.
W E I G H T
T R A I N I N G
•
W R E S T L I N G
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Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
Intramural
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Iiii
PAGE
Acknowledgements.................................................................................................................... 1 & 2
Disclaimer...................................................................................................................................... 1
Table of Contents.......................................................................................................................... 89
Background.................................................................................................................................. 90
Intent of the Manitoba Safety Guidelines for Intramural Programs......................................... 90
Impact and Scope of the Document............................................................................................. 90
Safety and Liability........................................................................................................................ 91
Environmental Concerns..................................................................................................... 92 & 93
Intramural categories................................................................................................................... 94
Generic Issues................................................................................................................................ 95
Specific Components
- Guidelines................................................................................................................................... 96
- Equipment.................................................................................................................................. 96
- Clothing and Footwear............................................................................................................... 96
- Facilities...................................................................................................................................... 97
- Special Rules/Instruction........................................................................................................... 97
- Supervision.......................................................................................................................... 98-101
COMMON ELEMENTS GUIDELINES
PAGE
School-Made Equipment ............................................................................................................. 102
Transporting People/Things ........................................................................................................ 103
Building With Bodies ................................................................................................................... 104
Targets - Human .......................................................................................................................... 105
Targets - Other Target Games/Activities ...................................................................................... 105
Food/Water Activities ................................................................................................................... 106
Relay/Chasing Games ................................................................................................................. 107
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Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
Intramural
PHYSICAL EDUCATION
SECONDARY SAFETY GUIDELINES
BACKGROUND:
This is the first Provincial Safety Guidelines Document for Physical Education to be offered in Manitoba. The copyright of the Ontario Safety Guidelines document was purchased
from OPHEA [The Ontario Physical and Health Education Association], and these guidelines were adapted for use in Manitoba. Numerous Manitoba partner groups have contributed to the development of this valuable document. They include: The Manitoba Physical Education Teachers Association [MPETA]; The Manitoba Physical Education Supervisor’s Association [MPESA]; Sport Manitoba [SM]; The Manitoba High School Athletic Association [MHSAA]; The Manitoba Association of School Trustees [MAST]; and the
Bureau de l’éducation francaise [Bef] division, Manitoba Education & Training.
INTENT OF THE MANITOBA SAFETY GUIDELINES FOR INTRAMURAL PROGRAMS:
The primary responsibility for the care and safety of students rests with the school board and its employees. An important aspect in fulfilling this role is to recognize that there is an
element of risk in all physical activity and to take action accordingly. To this end, the safety guidelines writing team and physical educators across Manitoba have identified and
analyzed reasonably foreseeable risks and have developed this guideline which includes procedures that help minimize, to the greatest extent possible, the risk of a preventable
accident or injury. A guideline alone does not eliminate risk, regardless of how well it is written or how effectively it is implemented. Safety awareness, practised by the intramural
supervisor, based on up-to-date information, common sense observation, action and foresight, is the key to safe programming. The intent of the Intramural Safety Guidelines
section is to focus the intramural supervisors’ attention on safe practices for each activity, in order to minimize the inherent element of risk. By implementing safe activity practises, such as the selection of age-appropriate activities, facility and equipment safety checks, and appropriate supervision and officiating, the intramural supervisor will guard
against foreseeable risks. Hopefully, through this implementation process, this document will assist school boards in fulfilling their obligation to provide the safest possible
environment in which all students, regardless of ability or cultural background, can participate in intramural activities.
IMPACT AND SCOPE OF THIS DOCUMENT:
The enclosed safety guidelines delineate certain standards that must be used by teachers/intramural supervisors in addressing the safety component of intramural activities.
Intramurals are defined as school-sponsored physical/recreation activities which:
• are outside the student’s instructional time;
• are not a selected school team/group;
• are not a competition against another outside team/group.
Intramurals encourage school-wide involvement with emphasis on participation as opposed to competition. Curricular and Interscholastic Guidelines can be found in the first
and third sections respectively.
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Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
Intramural
Safety and Liability
Safety is of particular concern in planning and implementing physical education. The primary responsibility and legal liability for ensuring safe practices rests with the
school division/district and it’s employees. Schools must develop safe routines and procedures, and teachers need to be knowledgeable about the best safety practices, regardless of
whether the teaching, learning and assessment takes place in the classroom, gymnasium, playground or alternative environments.
Teachers responsible for providing a wide variety of challenging movement experiences in physically active settings must anticipate hazards and minimize the risk inherent
in physical activity. Expertise in physical activity management is essential. For some specific physical activities/programming, such as aquatics and Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation [CPR], it is recommended that certified training be required.
As a general rule, teachers will be held to the standard of care of a careful parent of a large family, considering such factors as the number of students being supervised; the
age; maturity; level of skill and knowledge; the behavioural propensities of the students; the nature of the activity; the type of equipment being used; and the location involved. Staff
members responsible for a subject area requiring expertise may be held to a higher professional standard of care. For example, a physical education teacher may be presumed to
know more about the dangers inherent in artistic gymnastics than would the average parent. Accordingly, he or she may be held to the standard of physical education specialists
with training and experience in artistic gymnastics.
Sections 86, 87, and 89 of The Public Schools Act address exemption from liability in areas of physical education, and may provide some degree of exemption from liability
and negligence. However, it is important that school divisions/districts be aware that it is their primary responsibility for ensuring safe practices when planning and implementing
physical education. In several litigations resulting from students being injured during physical education classes, Canadian courts have demonstrated a clear departure from “the
careful and prudent parent” standard of care when assessing teacher negligence, adopting instead a “professional” standard of care.
Trial courts, therefore, have concluded that the standard of care to be exercised in the context of instruction in a physical education class can frequently exceed the “careful
parent of a large family” test, since many physical education activities require specialized knowledge, training and experience of the teacher. For example, where students are
engaging in artistic gymnastics activities, the teacher and school authorities will be required to act as a careful and prudent person having the specialized expertise demanded of
an artistic gymnastics instructor.
The Supreme Court of Canada has established four criteria to determine the necessary and appropriate standard of care within the context of physical education:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Is the activity suitable to the mental and physical condition, as well as the age of participating students?
Have the students been progressively taught and coached to perform the activity[ies] properly and to avoid the dangers inherent in the activity[ies]?
Is the equipment adequate and suitably arranged?
Is the activity being supervised properly in light of the inherent danger involved?
S A F E T Y & L I A B I L I T Y
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Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
Intramural
Environmental Concerns -- SPRING, SUMMER & FALL Conditions
• Lightning Storm
Refer to page 39 in YouthSafe Manitoba: School Field Trip Resource, Trip Leadership section
Look out when: You can count less than 30 seconds between the lightning flash and the thunder. This means the storm is less than 10 km away and there is an 80% chance that
the next strike will occur within that area. Take note if the skies darken; if gusty winds develop; and if weather warnings are broadcast.
Take action: Get inside a building; stay away from windows, pipes and electrical outlets.... get inside a vehicle with a metal roof, but avoid contact with the metal. If you’re
caught outside, far from safe shelter, stay away from tall objects such as fences, wires, poles and trees. Avoid riding a bike; swimming or boating; participating in outdoor activities;
or carrying conductive materials [e.g., fishing rod, umbrella, golf clubs, etc].
Wait and Watch: Wait about 30 minutes after you hear the last thunder clap before resuming outdoor activities. Watch for broken tree limbs, fallen power lines and flooding
caused by heavy rainfall.
• Heat and Ultraviolet Index
Watch, Listen, Plan: Listen to the forecasts and be aware of the Ultraviolet Index. [Values less than 4:00 are low; Values from 4:00 - 6.9 are moderate; Values from 7:00 - 8.9 are
high.]
Look out when: The temperature rises to over 30 C.
Take action: Wear a hat; apply sunscreen; and keep hydrated. Lower the intensity of the outdoor activity or move indoors.
Watch: Watch for any signs of sunburn, heat stroke and heat exhaustion. Be prepared to provide the necessary first aid.
• Outdoor Field Conditions
Watch, Listen, Plan: The playing area must be free of debris and obstructions; it must provide suitable footing; and it must be well-removed from traffic.
Look out when: There are areas that the students must not use. These areas must be marked off.
Take action: Report to the principal any conditions or hazards that are unsuitable and in need of repair or removal.
Wait and Watch: Wait until repairs are completed or until any hazards are removed before resuming activities.
• Insects
Watch, Listen, Plan: Take note if excessive numbers of insects are present.
Look out when: There are students with insect allergies present.
Take action: Ensure that students with allergies have the necessary medication on hand [e.g., epi pen].
E N V I RON M E N TAL CONCERNS
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Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
Intramural
Environmental Concerns -- WINTER Conditions
• Temperature and Wind Chill
Refer to page 39 in YouthSafe Manitoba: School Field Trip Resource, Trip Leadership section
Temperature: -12C to -20C -- wind chill 1200: comfortable when wearing dry, adequately insulated clothing on sunny days
Temperature: -20C to -25C -- wind chill 1400: requires constant activity and adequate clothing
Temperature: -25C to -40C -- wind chill 1600: restrict outdoor activity to a minimum with warm-up breaks included
NOTE: Watch for prolonged exposure and signs of frostbite. Be prepared to provide the necessary first aid.
• Outdoor Field Conditions
Watch, Listen, Plan: The playing area must be free of debris and obstructions; it must provide suitable footing; and it must be well-removed from traffic. Watch for holes and
severely uneven surfaces. Choose a site that takes sun; wind; snow conditions; and the suitability of the terrain into consideration.
Look out when: There are areas that the students must not use. These areas must be marked off. Watch out for conditions where the area is icy beyond the point of providing
suitable and safe footing.
Take action: Report to the principal any conditions or hazards that are unsuitable and in need of modification,repair or removal.
Wait and Watch: Wait until repairs are completed or until any hazards are removed before resuming activities.
E N V I RON M EN TAL CONCE RNS
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Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
Intramural
Intramurals can be categorized into four types: Sport Imitations, Low Organization Activities, Special Events and Clubs. When an intramural activity is played according to official
rules and equipment (e.g. a common sport imitation or low organization game), refer to Section I: Curricular Physical Education Safety Guidelines.
When an intramural activity is distinguished by one of the common elements listed in the chart below, reference this section (e.g. dodgeball type games - refer to Sections I and II).
When introducing an imitation sport or low organization game which is not described in Sections I or II, refer to the guidelines of an activity that it most resembles.
If a supervisor wishes to include activities which are not approved in Sections I or II, e.g. hardball, gymnastics skills not permitted in curricular program, approval from the
appropriate school board official must be received. As part of this process, the supervisor must demonstrate that appropriate precautions will be taken in the interest of student
safety.
TYPES:
SPORT IMITATIONS
➔
➔
examples:
Playdays, Spirit Days,
Moga Madness,
Winter Carnivals,
Terry Fox Run,
Theme Day,
ParticipACTION Day,
Jump Rope for Heart
CLUBS
➔
examples:
Cooperative Games, Board Games,
Accuracy Challenges, Tag Games, Relays
SPECIAL EVENTS
➔
➔
➔
examples:
Newcombe Ball, Scooter
Soccer, Flag Football
Beachball/Volleyball,
Floor Hockey, Basketball,
“3 on 3”, “21”, “Horse”,
Badminton, Triathlon
LOW ORGANIZATION ACTIVITIES
examples:
Weightroom/Fitness Centre
Activities,
Gymnastics,
Skiing, Dance,
Running, Outers Club,
Downhill Ski Club
➔
COMMON ELEMENTS:
• Targets (people, things)
• Building with Bodies
• Transporting (people, things)
• Food and Water
• School-Made Equipment
• Relay and Chasing Games
➔
ORGANIZATION:
➔
Leagues, Tournaments, Carnivals, Playdays, Challenges, Contests, Extravaganzas, Festivals, Open Gym, etc.
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Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
A)
GENERIC ISSUES
Intramural
It should be recognized that there are many common guidelines of safety which apply to all Intramural activities. Some such commonalities are as follows:
1) Prior to students participating in any physical activity, supervisors need to be aware of their medical background and physical limitations. This includes knowledge of
students with heart disorders, asthma, epilepsy, diabetes, severe allergies, etc. Each school needs to develop a process by which medical information is made available to
supervisors. This information must be supplied by the student’s parent, ward, or guardian (see Appendix A).
2) A fully stocked First Aid Kit must be readily accessible to the gymnasium. For a sample listing of first aid items, see Appendix B. When activities are offered away from
school property, an appropriate portable first aid kit must be readily accessible. An emergency action plan to deal with accidents in physical education must be developed
in all schools. For details on an emergency action plan, see Appendix B.
3) Prior to teaching the skills of the activity, the supervisor must: outline the possible risks of the activity [warnings of possible dangers], demonstrate how to minimize the
risks and set procedures and rules for safe play. Signage should be used where necessary. Different weather conditions for outdoor activities must be considered [egstudents may need to apply sunscreen; wear hats; increase their fluid intake; and/or dress appropriately].
4) Supervisors must inform their students of the locations of the fire alarms, the fire exits and alternate routes from the gymnasium.
5) Many different situations may arise involving the transportation of students away from the school for activities. It is important that parents are made aware of the mode
of transportation and student expectations. The means and frequency of communication required must be established with the school principal. Consideration must
also be given to informing parents when students are involved in activities which take them off the immediate school property [e.g. cross country running]. Refer to
individual Board policy for Field Trip procedures related to the need for parent/guardian permission.
6) If students are involved in any activity or sport [e.g., a low organization game] which is not described in this guideline, refer to the guidelines of an activity that it most
resembles.
7) Approval from the appropriate school board official must be received if a supervisor wishes to include activities different from this document or board guidelines and/or
modify guidelines listed herein. As part of this process, the supervisor must demonstrate that all appropriate precautions will be taken in the interest of student safety.
The school administration must approve the proposal and must also obtain school division approval.
8) Preventative action must be taken when unsafe conditions are identified! When an injury occurs due to unsafe conditions, corrective actions must take place to help
prevent its reoccurrence.
9) Many activities address the issue of body contact, stick on body contact and stick on stick contact. In an effort to promote a common understanding of the term, this
document views contact as intentional contact with the purpose of gaining an advantage in the specific activity.
10) At the beginning of the school year/semester, supervisors must instruct students in appropriate changeroom conduct as well as emphasize the need to change quickly and
proceed to the gym. Reinforce this guideline as necessary during the school year.
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Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
Intramural
B) SPECIFIC COMPONENTS
Guidelines for each class activity are outlined according to the following critical components:
Equipment
Clothing/Footwear
Facilities
Special Rules/Instruction
Supervision
All guidelines found in the generic section, activity pages and appendices are mandatory. An activity must not occur without these guidelines being addressed.
EQUIPMENT:
a) Defective equipment must be removed and/or taken out of use immediately upon detection. When using any equipment that is not described in the document, care must
be taken to ensure it is safe for use [e.g., no sharp edges, cracks, or splinters] and that it’s size, mass and strength are appropriate for the user.
b) All balls must be properly inflated.
c) No “home-made” or “purchased second-hand” equipment is to be used without the expressed permission of the school administration [e.g.- personal hockey sticks,
floor hockey shafts, plastic containers]. School divisions must develop a policy on the use of home-made equipment. Equipment can be made at school by Board
employees, adult volunteers and by students who are under direct supervision.
d) If the supervisor permits the students to use their own equipment [e.g., badminton racquets, skis, inline skates], the supervisor must ensure that the equipment is in good
working order and suitable for personal use within the program.
CLOTHING AND FOOTWEAR:
a) Students must wear appropriate clothing for Intramural activity. Shorts or sweat pants, T-shirts and appropriate running shoes should be a minimum uniform requirement. Deviations from this minimum are listed on activity sheets. Some ill-fitting clothing, scarves, jewelry, hard-soled shoes and socks-without-shoes can inhibit
movement and possibly cause injury during active movement. Where cultural dress presents a safety concern, modifications to the activity must be made.
b) Jewelry which presents a safety concern must be removed. Jewellery that cannot be removed and which presents a safety concern [e.g., Medical Alert identification,
religious/cultural jewelry], must be taped. Long hair must be secured so as not to block vision. Eye glasses may need to be removed or secured.
Parents and students must be made aware of safety precautions with eye glasses including the need for an eyeglass strap and/or shatterproof glass for some activities [see
Appendix A - Letter to Parents/Guardians].
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Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
Intramural
FACILITIES:
a) To provide a safe environment for intramural/club activities, the intramural supervisor must make a pre-activity check of the facilities and equipment to be used. This
could be done visually or recorded on a checklist, see Appendix F. The minimum requirement is a pre-use visual check. Hazards must be identified and removed as a
factor in the activity. Potentially dangerous and immovable objects (e.g. goalposts, protruding stage) must be brought to the attention of students and administration.
Equipment listed in the document applies only to safety. Students also should be encouraged to report equipment or facility problems to the supervisors.
b) Facilities and major equipment must be inspected and a signed written report completed on a regular basis [e.g., annually].
c) Equipment/furniture which is hazardous to the activity must not be stored around the perimeter of the gymnasium. Mats secured to the wall as well as an appropriate
number of benches, are exceptions to this statement. Devices projecting from the wall [e.g., chin-up bars, pegs on a peg board] must be: attached at a height that will
minimize injury; be modified; or be removed when not in use.
d) For all indoor activities, walls and stages must not be used for turning points or finish lines. A line or pylon could be designated in advance of the wall. Foreseeable risks
must be identified and precautions taken to minimize risks.
e) Playing fields must be free from hazards [e.g., holes, glass, and rocks]. There must be sufficient turf for proper traction and impact absorption [e.g., non-contact rugby].
Minor hazards must be identified and avoided. Severely uneven surfaces must be brought to the attention of the principal and must be repaired before the activity takes
place.
f) There must be a designated safe area if spectators are present.
SPECIAL RULES/INSTRUCTIONS:
a) The Intramural Safety Guidelines do not support contact. In this document, contact is defined as intentional contact with the purpose of gaining an advantage in the
specific activity (e.g. body contact, stick on body, stick on stick).
b) Activities must be modified according to the age and ability levels of students and the facility available. Games must be based on skills that have been taught. [In the
Early years, it is important to balance teams on the basis of physical ability and skill level.]
c) Before involving students in strenuous outdoor activity, supervisors must take into consideration the weather conditions, previous training and the length of time the
students will be vigorously active.
d) If students are using body paint, allergy and floor traction concerns must be addressed.
e) For the safe lifting and supporting of students, see Appendix J.
f) Modify activities to address safety issues of all participants when students who use aids (e.g. wheelchairs) are involved.
g) Activities which do not promote a healthy active lifestyle (e.g. starvathons) are not appropriate.
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Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
Intramural
SUPERVISION: Points to consider:
a) Supervision is the overseeing of an activity for regulation or direction. All facilities, equipment and activities have inherent risks, but the level of risk decreases significantly with effective supervision. A supervisor, as referred to below, is defined as a teacher, principal or vice-principal employed by the school
board. A volunteer (not necessarily a teacher) could assist in the supervision of intramurals. Examples of volunteers are: instructional assistants, educational assistants, retired teachers, parents, co-op students, teacher candidates and trained senior students. Refer to your school board’s policy regarding volunteers.
b) Students must be aware that facilities and equipment must not be used without authorization. In addition to written or verbal communication, at least one of the
following deterrents must be in place:
• locked doors;
• signs on door indicating that students are not to use the gym unless supervised;
• staff scheduled and present in an adjoining physical education office, in order to see students entering the gym without authorization.
c) Any use of a facility must be supervised. Three categories of supervision are designated in this document: “Constant visual”, “On-site”, and “In-the-area”. The
categories are based on the principles of general and specific supervision which takes into consideration the risk level of the activity, the participants’ skill level and the
participants’ maturity.
d) “Constant visual” supervision means that the supervisor is physically present, watching the activity in question. Each activity requiring “constant visual” supervision must have a supervisor (certified teacher). “Intramural on-site” supervision requires volunteer monitor presence when the supervisor is not at the activity(ies).
“In-the-area” supervision means that a volunteer monitor is not necessary and the supervisor is in a location close to the activity taking place. For “intramural-onsite” or “in-the-area” supervision, the teacher/intramural supervisor must be readily accessible and at least one of the following criteria must be in place:
• teacher/intramural supervisor circulating;
• exact location of teacher/intramural supervisor is known and location is nearby;
• teacher/intramural supervisor is visible.
Example: During a school special events day, some students are involved in tug-of-war, some in relay games and volleyball, while others are involved in a team
scavenger hunt around the school.
“Constant visual” supervision - Tug-of-War - Intramural supervisor is at the event and is observing activity.
“On-site” supervision - Relay Games - Students are participating on the playground and are being monitored by the Intramural supervisor or a volunteer.
“On-site” supervision - Sport Imitation Activity - students are participating in volleyball in the gym and are monitored by another volunteer.
“In-the-area” supervision - Scavenger Hunt - Students are running around the school grounds and at times may be out of sight.
The level of supervision must be commensurate with the inherent risk of the activity. The list below outlines appropriate supervision for each type of activity. The list is
not exhaustive. For an unlisted activity, refer to the activity it most resembles. For Outdoor Education Activities, reference Section 1: Physical Education Curricular
Safety Guidelines in order to be aware of ratios, qualifications, as well as supervision requirements.
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Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
Intramural
SUPERVISION OF INTRAMURALS
SPORT IMITATION
Court and Field Games (no constant visual supervision required)
ON-SITE SUPERVISION
INITIAL INSTRUCTION/SETUP:
• Basketball Type Games (Bordenball, Endball, Benchball, “3 on 3”, “2 on 2”)
• Football (Flag, Touch)
• Racquet Sports (Racquetball, Paddleball, Handball, Tennis, Squash, Badminton,
Pickleball, Paddle Tennis)
• Soccer
• Table Tennis
• Ultimate Frisbee
• Volleyball (Newcombe Ball, Beach Volleyball
ACTIVITY
• Bowling
• Broomball
• Cricket
• Curling
• Field Hockey
• Floor Hockey, Gym Ringette
• Ice Hockey
• Lacrosse (Box, Field)
• Ringette (Ice)
• Rugby (Non-contact)
• Scooter Games (Basketball, Soccer)
• Softball, Three Pitch, Lob-Ball
• Team Handball
• Wrestling, Combatives
IN-THE-AREA SUPERVISION
ACTIVITY
• Basketball Type Games (Bordenball, Endball, Benchball, “3 on 3”, “2 on 2”)
• Football (Flag, Touch)
• Racquet Sports (Racquetball, Paddleball, Handball, Tennis, Squash, Badminton,
Pickleball, Paddle Tennis)
• Soccer
• Table Tennis
• Ultimate Frisbee
• Volleyball (Newcombe Ball, Beach Volleyball)
• Cross-Country Running, Orienteering
• Cross-Country Skiing, Snowskate
• Skiing (Alpine), Snowboarding
• refer to Curricular section for ratios
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Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
Intramural
SUPERVISION OF INTRAMURALS
LOW ORGANIZATION ACTIVITIES/SPECIAL EVENTS
CONSTANT VISUAL SUPERVISION
• Transporting People Relays
• Human Target Games
• Building with Bodies
– initial instruction
– standing pyramids
• Food/Water Activities
• Obstacle Courses with climbing or inverted activities
• Parachute
ON-SITE SUPERVISION
IN-THE-AREA SUPERVISION
• Transporting Things
• Obstacle Courses without climbing apparatus (no inversions)
• Building with Bodies
– practice
– kneeling and lying
• Parachute Games [Middle & Early years]
• Cooperative Games
• Accuracy Challenges
• Skill-related Relays [e.g.- basketball dribbling]
• Scooterboard Relays
• Skating and Skating Activities
• Aquatic Games (as per pool regulations)
• Theme Days
• Face Painting
• Indoor Running Relays
• Indoor Chasing Games
• Disc throwing
• In-line skating
•
•
•
•
•
•
Board Games
Outdoor Running Relays
Outdoor Chasing Games
Jump Rope for Heart
Mass Participation Events (e.g. walkathon, dance-a-thon)
Frisbee Throwing
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Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
Intramural
SUPERVISION OF INTRAMURALS
CLUBS
CONSTANT VISUAL SUPERVISION
• Gymnastics - higher risk moves/skills
• Archery
• Fencing
ON-SITE SUPERVISION
• Gymnastics - lower risk skills
INITIAL INSTRUCTION/SETUP:
• Cycling
• Fitness Club
• Golf
• Horseback Riding
ACTIVITY:
• Cricket
• Martial Arts
• Bowling
• In-line Skating
IN-THE-AREA SUPERVISION
ACTIVITY:
• Cycling
• refer to Curricular document for ratios
• Dance/Rhythmics
• Fitness Club
• Golf
• Horseback Riding
• In-Line Skating
• Running
• Skiing/ Snowboarding
Supervision - Points to Consider
i)
Establish routines, rules of acceptable behaviour and appropriate duties of students at the beginning of the activity and reinforce throughout the year. Supervisors must sanction
students for unsafe play or unacceptable behaviour, and must exercise that responsibility at all times.
ii) Students must be made aware of the rules of activities or games. Rules must be strictly enforced and modified to suit the age and physical ability of the participants.
iii) The student must be informed that facilities must not be used without authorization and supervision.
iv) When an intramural activity includes large numbers of participants (e.g. a school special event) or more than one higher risk activity, the ratio of intramural supervisors/volunteers to
participants must satisfy safety concerns. Teacher candidates, co-op students, and other students must not be the sole supervisor of the intramural activity.
v) In situations where a substitute teacher is responsible for supervising intramurals:
1)
2)
Administrators are to address substitute teacher comfort level with intramural activity.
Administrator/absent intramural supervisor must:
• include the Safety Guidelines sheets for intramural activity;
• inform substitute teacher of the whereabouts of a contact teacher or administrator in case of an emergency;
• specify restrictions/modifications for students with health or behavioural problems.
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Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
Intramural
SCHOOL-MADE EQUIPMENT
e.g. Land Skis, Bean Bags, Bleach Scoops, Climbing Wall,
Rhythm Sticks (equipment can be made at school by board
employees, adult volunteers and by students who are
under direct supervision)
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Use materials that are in
good condition, e.g.
unfrayed ropes, smooth
boards free of splinters,
nothing with sharp edges.
Use materials that resemble, as closely as possible,
the manufactured item.
Use materials that will not
endanger children with
severe allergies.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
Equipment designed to be
worn [e.g., hats, capes,
costumes] must not
constrict neck or chest
areas or put the child at
risk.
FACILITIES
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
School-made equipment
attached to the facility
[e.g., wall, and selfsupported structures,
outdoor volleyball posts,
climbing wall] needs to
be inspected by a
knowledgeable third party
to ensure it is secure.
Follow instructions on how to build/assemble
if available.
See school board Policy
and Procedures related to
specifications, installation
and inspection of schoolmade equipment.
Repair as necessary. If the piece of equipment
changes significantly due to additional repairs,
then discard and replace [e.g., land ski
binding needs to be tied around outside of
board because hole for rope has become too
large, causing the rope to slip through].
If no instructions are available for a schoolmade structure, describe the procedure in
writing and keep it on file indicating how and
when it was made, and by whom.
Inspect equipment every time it’s used.
Students making equipment at school
require on-site supervision.
If students are using machinery, [e.g.,
bandsaws], to make equipment, constant
visual supervision is required.
Test equipment before general use.
Student-made equipment must be inspected
by a knowledgeable third party to ensure
safety.
Home-made equipment is
not to be used.
S C H O O L - M A D E
E Q U I P M E N T
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Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
Intramural
TRANSPORTING
PEOPLE/THINGS
e.g. Human Amoeba, Chariot, Chuckwagon, Bed and/or
Stretcher Races, Cookie Machine, Climbing Wall
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Must be suitable to
support size and weight of
object/person.
Can be raised and
lowered without
impinging hand/feet/
body of carrier or object/
person carried.
Must have safety straps/
rail or means to prevent
person/ thing from
falling from anything
higher than waist height.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
No loose clothing.
No clothing attachment
that cannot be easily
released in case of
collapse, e.g. belt,
shoelaces.
Use of footwear must be
assessed for each activity.
FACILITIES
Space adequate for
activity.
Spectators in designated
area away from activity.
Must be a level surface,
no obstructions or blind
spots.
Establish traffic flows to
reduce congestion.
Protective wall padding
placed for activity where
needed.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Weight, size of object and distance carried
must be appropriate to age and strength of
participants.
SUPERVISION
Constant visual supervision.
Appropriate limitation on speed of movement.
Establish a procedure to stop activity in the
case of potential injury, i.e. whistle.
All participants must know rules and procedures [e.g., safe lifting, spotting, supporting
and lowering techniques] prior to participation
[see Appendix J].
Prior practice for all participants for lifting
people or objects of sizable mass.
Must not constrict person
at chest or neck.
T R A N S P O R T I N G
P E O P L E / T H I N G S
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Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
Intramural
BUILDING WITH BODIES
e.g. Pyramid Building, Human Fence
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
For minimum thickness
of mats, see curricular
gymnastics.
Mats must be under
pyramid and extend one
body length in all
directions.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
Soft shoes, socks or bare
feet for standing
pyramids.
FACILITIES
Ensure that lying and
kneeling pyramids are
away from walls.
Do not build pyramid
near entrances, exits, or
stages.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Set the maximum number of participants
and the maximum height allowed -depending on the size, age, skill, and
experience of the participants.
Instruction must include how to assemble
and how to disassemble -- intentionally and
unintentionably.
SUPERVISION
Constant visual supervision during instruction and first attempt; on-site supervision
thereafter.
Constant visual supervision for standing
pyramids.
On-site supervision for kneeling and lying
pyramids.
Weight and size of participants determines
placement in pyramid [e.g., larger students
are part of the base].
Pyramid building must be the only activity in
the space.
Note: Standing pyramids are not recommended in the Early and Middle years.
B U I L D I N G
W I T H B O D I E S
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Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
Intramural
TARGETS - HUMAN
e.g. Dodgeball and Variations, Human Bowling, Heart Attack Tag Games
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Use soft objects, [e.g.,
foam balls, sponges, nerf
balls, beach balls,
elephant skin balls,
crumpled newspaper
balls, utility balls]. No
under-inflated regulation
balls; no bean bags, or
hard flying discs [e.g.,
frisbees].
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not
removable, it must be
taped -- [e.g., medical
alert identification,
religious/cultural
jewellery]. Eyewear
may need to be removed
or secured.
FACILITIES
Playing area must be free from
obstruction [e.g., desks, chairs
and other furniture/equipment,
around the perimeter].
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
Target area must be restricted appropriately -[e.g., Middle & Senior years - below
the shoulder; Early years - below the
waist.]
Constant visual supervision.
Students who are targets must remain
upright.
TARGETS - OTHER TARGET GAMES/ACTIVITIES
e.g. Throwing for Accuracy, Frisbee Golf
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
FACILITIES
Targets must be situated away
from spectators and other
participants. Participants must
have room to propel object
toward target without hitting a
bystander.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
Establish procedures to reduce risk to
other participants/spectators, e.g.
restrict access to target area.
On-site supervision.
Establish a process for safe retrieval of
propelled objects.
T A R G E T S
–
H U M A N
•
T A R G E T S
– O T H E R
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Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
Intramural
FOOD/WATER ACTIVITIES
e.g. Jello/Pie Eating, Spray Activities, Water
Balloons, Sponge Toss, Dunk Tanks
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Equipment used with
food/water must be:
• resistant to deterioration when wet, or be
waterproof [e.g., tables,
chairs, floors];
• protected from water/
food where necessary;
• thoroughly cleaned
and rinsed before use.
Electrical equipment
[e.g., timer] must have
CSA approved ground
fault system.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
Must be able to get wet
and not increase risk of
injury, e.g. no wet sweat
pants that can cause
participant to trip.
Use footwear that will
enhance good traction.
FACILITIES
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
Food must be served
from sanitary surfaces.
Note: Food activities are not recommended in
the Early years because of allergy concerns.
If the amount of water is
excessive, activity must
be held outside to avoid
risk of injury to spectators.
Set procedures and rules for safe play.
Facility must be able to
be cleaned before and
after event to prevent
spread of germs.
Provide support, e.g.
standby personnel to
clean/mop any
hazardous spills.
Constant visual supervision for all such
activities.
Activities requiring eating must be stationary.
Ingredients of all food/material must be
clearly identified in order to address allergy
concerns, e.g. latex balloons.
Water or food on floor/ground surfaces
decreases traction. Enhance traction where
appropriate [e.g., rubberized mats on
potentially wet surfaces]. If the footing is
supposed to be slippery, an adequate landing
surface must be padded or soft.
Avoid extreme water temperatures.
Sliding surfaces must be
smooth and clean [e.g.,
mats, plastic slides].
Use water spray bottles or
low pressure water
devices. Note: Water
guns should not be used
in the Early years.
Do not allow glass containers.
If activities promote wet bodies, special care
must be taken to prevent collision, and if there
is to be throwing of wet sponges at people or
propelling of water from a pressure device, eye
protection must be provided.
Overeating or undereating activities must be
avoided [e.g., starvathons].
F O O D / W A T E R
A C T I V I T I E S
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Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
Intramural
RELAY/CHASING GAMES
e.g. Capture the Flag; Crows and Cranes;
Tag; Rock, Paper, Scissors
EQUIPMENT
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Appropriate footwear for
each activity.
Equipment must not
have sharp or dangerous
edges.
FACILITIES
Adequate space for all
participants.
Turning points and finish
lines must be a safe
distance away from walls
and equipment, trees,
posts, natural hazards,
and holes.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
For shuttle relays, all participants must have
their own lane.
SUPERVISION
On-site supervision for relays.
In-the-area supervision for chasing games.
Be aware of increased risk with oversized
apparel or tying legs together.
No blindfold relays.
No running backward relays.
Games that take place
over large areas, e.g.
Survival, require
instructor to set and
communicate definite
boundary lines.
Supervisor must do a
safety check walk through
in order to identify
potential hazards.
Students must be made
aware of hazards and
approach with caution.
Walls, stages or fences must not be used as
finish lines or safe zones.
Safe zones must be clearly delineated.
There must be a procedure established to stop
chasing games [e..g., whistle].
All running tracks must
be inspected annually
and maintained as
necessary.
Playing area must
provide safe footing.
R E L A Y / C H A S I N G G A M E S
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Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Acknowledgements................................................................................................................................ 1 & 2
Disclaimer ................................................................................................................................................... 1
Table of Contents......................................................................................................................... 108 & 109
Background.............................................................................................................................................. 110
Intent of the Provincial Safety Guidelines for Interschool Athletics Programs...................................... 110
Impact and Scope of this Document....................................................................................................... 110
A) Generic Issues........................................................................................................................ 110 - 113
B) Specific Components...................................................................................................................... 114
- Guidelines................................................................................................................................. 114
- Equipment................................................................................................................................ 114
- Clothing and Footwear............................................................................................................. 115
- Facilities.................................................................................................................................... 116
- Special Rules/Instructions....................................................................................................... 117
- Supervision..................................................................................................................... 117 - 120
- Coaching Qualifications.............................................................................................. 120 & 121
- Coach’s Role and Responsibilities.............................................................................. 121 & 122
- Player’s Role and Responsibilities........................................................................................... 122
- Safety and Liability................................................................................................................... 123
- Environmental Concerns............................................................................................ 124 & 125
ACTIVITY
PAGE
Archery.................................................................................................................................................... 126
Badminton............................................................................................................................................. 127
Ball Hockey/ Floor Hockey..................................................................................................................... 128
Baseball.................................................................................................................................................. 129
Basketball............................................................................................................................................... 130
Bowling.................................................................................................................................................. 131
Broomball (Ice)..................................................................................................................................... 132
Cheerleading (Acrobatic)...................................................................................................................... 133
Cheerleading (Spirit, Dance)................................................................................................................ 134
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Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
Table of Contents [continued]
ACTIVITY
PAGE
Cricket...................................................................................................................... 135
Cross-Country Running/Orienteering.................................................................... 136
Cross-Country Skiing............................................................................................... 137
Curling..................................................................................................................... 138
Field Hockey.............................................................................................................. 139
Football (Flag, Touch)............................................................................................. 140
Football (Tackle)...................................................................................................... 141
Golf............................................................................................................................ 142
Gymnastics: Parallel Bars, High Bar, Still Rings, Uneven Parallel Bars,
Floor, Balance Beam, Pommel Horse, Vault................................................... 143
Gymnastics [cont]................................................................................................... 144
Ice Hockey................................................................................................................ 145
Lacrosse (Box, Field)................................................................................................146
Lacrosse [Soft].........................................................................................................1 47
Ringette (Ice).......................................................................................................... 148
Rugby....................................................................................................................... 149
Soccer [Indoor & Outdoor....................................................................................... 150
Softball/Fastball...................................................................................................... 151
Table Tennis............................................................................................................ 152
Team handball........................................................................................................ 153
Track and Field - Discus......................................................................................... 154
Track and Field - High Jump.................................................................................. 155
Track and Field - Hurdles....................................................................................... 156
Track and Field - Javelin........................................................................................ 157
Track and Field - Pole Vault................................................................................... 158
Track and Field - Shot Put...................................................................................... 159
Track and Field - Track Events/ Sprints.................................................................. 160
Track and Field - Triple Jump, Long Jump............................................................ 161
Ultimate................................................................................................................... 162
Volleyball.................................................................................................................. 163
Weightlifting............................................................................................................. 164
Wrestling................................................................................................................... 165
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BACKGROUND:
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
This is the first Provincial Safety Guidelines Document for Physical Education to be offered in Manitoba. The copyright of the Ontario Safety Guidelines document was
purchased from OPHEA [The Ontario Physical and Health Education Association], and these guidelines were adapted for use in Manitoba. Numerous Manitoba partner
groups have contributed to the development of this valuable document. They include: The Manitoba Physical Education Teachers Association [MPETA]; The Manitoba
Physical Education Supervisor’s Association [MPESA]; Sport Manitoba [SM]; The Manitoba High School Athletic Association [MHSAA]; The Manitoba Association of School
Trustees [MAST]; and the Bureau de l’éducation francaise [Bef] division, Manitoba Education & Training.
INTENT OF THE PROVINCIAL SAFETY GUIDELINES IN THE INTERSCHOLASTIC ATHLETIC PROGRAM:
The primary responsibility for the care and safety of students rests with the school board and its employees. An important aspect in fulfilling this role is to recognize that there
is an element of risk in all physical activity and to take action accordingly. To this end, the safety guidelines writing team, as well as physical educators and sport leaders
across Manitoba, have identified and analyzed reasonably foreseeable risks and have developed procedures that help minimize to the greatest extent possible, the risk of a
preventable accident or injury. A guideline alone does not eliminate risk regardless of how well it is written or how effectively it is implemented. Safety awareness, by the
coach, based on up-to-date information, common sense observation, action and foresight, is the key to safe programming. The intent of the Interscholastic Athletic Safety
Guidelines is to focus attention on safe procedures for sport in order to minimize the inherent element of risk. By implementing safe coaching practices [such as appropriate
skill progressions, facility and equipment checks and appropriate supervision and officiating, planning and daily instruction], the coach will guard against foreseeable risks.
Hopefully, through this implementation process, this document will assist boards in fulfilling their obligation to provide the safest possible environment in which all students,
regardless of physical, mental, emotional abilities/challenges or cultural background, can participate in interscholastic activities.
IMPACT AND SCOPE OF THIS DOCUMENT:
The document sets out minimum guidelines to be used by coaches and administrators in addressing the safety component of interscholastic athletics. Interscholastic athletics
is defined as the school-sponsored, competitive sports program which:
• occurs outside the student’s instruction time;
• involves a selected school team/group/individual;
• involves a competition against other outside teams/groups/individuals.
• involves students in Senior years;
• in Middle years [grade 7 and 8 only] the competition emphasis should be on fun and participation. No competitive organized program is recommended for grades 5 and 6.
A) GENERIC ISSUES [Please note: Lists of examples in these guidelines are not exclusive]
It should be recognized that there are many common guidelines of safety which apply to all interscholastic athletics. Some such commonalities are as follows:
1) Prior to students first practice, coaches need to be aware of their medical background and physical limitations of their team tryout members. This includes knowledge of
students with heart disorders, asthma, epilepsy, diabetes, severe allergies, etc. Each school needs to develop a process by which medical information is made available to the
coach. The coach must have student athletes’ medical information at all practices and games. This information must be supplied by the student’s parent, ward, or guardian
(see Appendix A).
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Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
2) A fully stocked First Aid Kit must be readily accessible to the gymnasium. For a sample listing of first aid items, see Appendix B. When activities are offered away from
school property, an appropriate portable first aid kit must be readily accessible. An emergency action plan to deal with accidents in Interscholastic athletics must be
developed in all schools. For details on an emergency action plan, see Appendix D.
3) Prior to the first practice, parents and athletes need to be aware of the risks inherent in participating in each particular sport. Participants must sign and return an
Interscholatic Athletic Participation form. [See Appendix T.]
4) Each school must appoint a teacher or administrator who is responsible for the Interscholastic athletic program, to ensure that each coach is familiar with the school or
school board’s coaching philosophy and relevant documents.
5) If a student misses a practice/game due to an injury or illness requiring professional medical attention [e.g., medical doctor, chiropractor, physiotherapist, etc.], the
coach must receive communication from a medical professional or the student’s parent/guardian, giving permission to return to play. For sample form, see Appendix L
“Request to Resume Athletic Participation”.
6) Coaches must inform their students of the locations of the fire alarms, the fire exits and alternate routes from the gymnasium and practice facility.
7) Many different situations may arise involving the transportation of students away from the school for Interscholastic athletics. Coaches must be aware of and adhere to
the school board’s transportation policy regarding interscholastic travel. [Board-sponsored and private vehicles.] It is important that parents are made aware of the mode
of transportation and student expectations. The means and frequency of communication required must be established with the school principal. Consideration must
also be given to informing parents when students are involved in activities which take them off the immediate school property [e.g., cross country running]. Refer to
individual Board policy for Field Trip procedures related to the need for parent/guardian permission.
8) If students are involved in any interscholastic sport which is not described in this guideline, refer to provincial sports governing body guidelines. Determine whether this
sport/activity is higher or lower risk [see criteria, page 113] and establish procedures accordingly.
9) Approval from the appropriate school board official must be received if a coach wishes to include activities different from this document or board guidelines and/or
modify guidelines listed herein. As part of this process, the coach must demonstrate that all appropriate precautions will be taken in the interest of student safety. The
school administration must approve the proposal and must also obtain school division approval.
10) Preventative action must be taken when unsafe conditions are identified! When an injury occurs due to unsafe conditions, corrective actions must take place to help
prevent its reoccurrence.
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Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
11) Universal precautions [e.g., using impermeable gloves] must be followed when dealing with situations involving blood and other bodily fluids [see Appendix C]. Coaches
must refer to Board and other policies that address blood and bodily fluid procedures [e.g., sport governing body, MHSAA, association regulations].
12) Before involving students in strenuous outdoor athletics, coaches must take into consideration the temperature of the day, previous training and the length of time the
students will be vigorously active. [See pages 124 and 125.]
13) At the beginning of the sport season, coaches must instruct students in expected conduct [i.e., in changerooms, when visiting schools, MHSAA Code of Conduct, etc.].
14) The presence of spectators must not present a safety concern.
15) Game officials must be knowledgeable about the rules of the sport.
16) Encourage athletes to have a student Accident Insurance Policy. [Check your personal insurance policy for covering items such as ambulance, dental, and eyewear.]
17) Interscholastic athletics have been categorized into two areas: higher risk sports and lower risk sports. Higher risk sports are those sports which are characterized by:
• a greater potential for injuries with severe consequences;
• contact: person to person and person to equipment;
• uniqueness of equipment used;
• speed of action;
• protective equipment used;
• type of supervision required;
• training required.
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Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
HIGHER RISK SPORTS
Archery
Broomball (Ice)
Cheerleading (Acrobatic)
Cycling/Mountain Biking
Diving
Fencing
Field Hockey
Football
Gymnastics
Ice Hockey
Lacrosse (Field, Box)
Rugby
Skiing (Alpine)/Snowboarding
Swimming/Synchronized Swimming
Track and Field - field events: javelin, shot-put, discus, high jump, pole vault
Triathlon
Water Polo
Weightlifting
Wrestling
LOWER RISK SPORTS
Badminton
Baseball
Basketball
Bowling
Cheerleading (Spirit, Dance)
Cricket
Cross-Country Running/ Orienteering
Cross-Country Skiing
Curling
Football (Flag, Touch)
Golf
Handball (Wall)
Lawn Bowling
Racquetball
Rowing
Softball/Slo-Pitch
Soccer
Squash
Table Tennis
Team Handball
Tennis
Track and Field - track events, long jump, triple jump
Volleyball
For higher risk sports, these additional requirements must be met:
a) It is the responsibility of the HOST school to ensure that first aid coverage is available throughout the entirety of any higher risk activities or performances (e.g. acrobatic
cheerleading).
b) The minimum requirement for first aid coverage at a game or practice is the presence of an individual who takes responsibility for providing first aid to injured athletes.
c) Game/match officials must be certified and/or experienced in officiating the sport.
d) Coaching expertise for any higher risk sport must be derived from at least one of the following:
• NCCP Level One Technical in that sport;
• attendance at a clinic or workshop in that sport within the last three years;
• past experience as a player or coach in that sport.
e) The coach must document athlete attendance and all practice plans with reference to progressive development of skills, and attention paid to identified inherent risks of
the sport (see Appendix N).
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Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
B)
SPECIFIC COMPONENTS
Guidelines for each activity are outlined according to the following critical components:
Equipment
Clothing/Footwear
Facilities
Special Rules/Instruction
Supervision
All guidelines found in the generic section, activity pages and appendices are mandatory for practices as well as games. An activity must not occur unless these guidelines have been
addressed.
EQUIPMENT: [with respect to safety issues and concerns]
a) Defective equipment must be removed and/or taken out of use immediately upon detection. When using any equipment that is not described in the document, care must be taken to
ensure it is safe for use [e.g., no sharp edges, cracks, or splinters] and that it’s size, mass and strength are appropriate for the user.
b) All balls must be properly inflated.
c) Personal Equipment
• Students and parents must be made aware that equipment brought from home for use in interscholastic sporting activities must be in safe playing condition [e.g., hockey helmets,
racquets, golf clubs, hockey sticks, etc.].
• Parents and athletes must be made aware of safety precautions with mouthguards and eyeglasses, including the need for an eyeglass strap and shatterproof lenses for some activities.
Mouthguards have proven to be successful in reducing the incidence of dental damage, concussion and cuts caused by contact with orthodontic braces.
• Where sport governing bodies, and/or local/regional /provincial athletic associations require specific personal equipment [e.g., throat protector in hockey], parents/guardians and
students will ensure that equipment conforms to recognized standards.
• Where school boards or schools provide protective equipment, all equipment must conform to recognized standards [e.g., CSA approved hockey helmets; approved football
helmets] and must fit properly.
• Personal equipment must not be altered beyond the adjustments provided for in the original equipment. Any alteration that compromises the protection that the equipment provides
[e.g., cutting a portion off the back of mouthguards] destroys the safety certification.
• Student athletes must be informed that they are not to share water bottles.
• Students must be informed that they have a responsibility to report personal equipment problems and defects to the supervising coach.
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Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
d) Non-Personal Equipment
• All equipment must be checked regularly by the coach to ensure that it is in good working order. Athletes also must be encouraged to report equipment problems to
coaches.
• Equipment needs to be inspected and maintained on a regular basis by capable and knowledgeable personnel (e.g. inspection company, Board Health and Safety
Committee) and documentation maintained. [e.g., annually]
• Coaches must perform a visual check of equipment before each practice or competition and remove or repair broken equipment.
• When borrowing, renting, or lending equipment for practice or competition (e.g. wrestling mats, gymnastic equipment, football helmets), the coach must ensure that
equipment conforms to recognized safety standards and that it has been inspected for safety.
CLOTHING AND FOOTWEAR:
a) Students must wear appropriate clothing for Interscholastic athletics. Prescribed team uniforms for competition will be designated by the local sports governing
association and the MHSAA. Devices used to tie back long hair must not present a safety concern.
b) Jewelry which presents a safety concern must be removed. Jewellery that cannot be removed and which presents a safety concern [e.g., Medical Alert identification,
religious/cultural jewelry], must be taped. Long hair must be secured so as not to block vision. Eye glasses may need to be removed or secured. Deviations from these
guidelines are listed on activity pages.
Parents and students must be made aware of safety precautions with eye glasses including the need for an eyeglass strap and/or shatterproof glass for some activities [see
Appendix A - Letter to Parents/Guardians].
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Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
FACILITIES:
a) To provide a safe environment for Interscholastic activities, the coach must make a pre-activity check of the facilities and equipment to be used. This could be done
visually or recorded on a checklist [see Appendix F]. The minimum requirement is a pre-use visual check. Hazards must be identified and removed if they are a factor in
the activity. Potentially dangerous and immovable objects [e.g., goal posts, protruding stage] must be brought to the attention of students, other coaches, officials, etc.
All equipment must be checked regularly to ensure it is in good working order. Equipment listed in the document applies only to safety. Students must be encouraged to
report equipment or facility problems to the coaches, who must report [in writing] any equipment or facility problems to the school administration.
b) Facilities and major equipment must be inspected and a signed written report completed on a regular basis [e.g., annually].
c) Equipment/furniture which is hazardous to the activity must not be stored around the perimeter of the gymnasium. Mats secured to the wall as well as an appropriate
number of benches, are exceptions to this statement. Devices projecting from the wall [e.g., chinup bars, pegs on peg board, thermostats, door knobs, water fountains]
must be attached at a height that will minimize injury or be modified or removed when not in use.
d) For all indoor activities, walls and stages must not be used for turning points or finish lines. A line or pylon could be designated in advance of the wall. Foreseeable risks
must be identified and precautions taken to minimize risks. For safety precautions when using non-gym areas [e.g., concourses, hallways, classrooms, stages, weight
rooms, fitness rooms] for practice, please see Appendix E.
e) Playing fields must be free from hazards [e.g., holes, glass, and rocks]. There must be sufficient turf for proper traction and impact absorption [e.g., non-contact rugby].
Minor hazards must be identified and avoided. Severely uneven surfaces must be brought to the attention of the principal and must be repaired before the activity takes
place. Community facilities that are used [e.g., arenas, pools, etc.] must conform to safety standards and must be free from hazards. Any concerns about potentially
dangerous conditions must be reported to the appropriate governing authority.
f) A telephone or other suitable means of communication must be available for all activities/locations.
g) There must be a designated safe area for spectators.
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SPECIAL RULES/INSTRUCTIONS:
a) The skills of an interscholastic sport must be taught in proper progression prior to participation.
b) Prior to teaching the skills of the sport, the coach has a duty to:
• outline the inherent risks involved in the activity;
• demonstrate how to minimize the risks;
• set procedures and rules for safe participation.
c) Fitness development appropriate to the level of competition must be addressed.
d) Before involving students in strenuous outdoor activity, teachers must take into consideration the temperature of the day, previous training and the length of time the students
will be vigorously active. [See pages 124 and 125.]
e) Interscholastic sports must be modified to the age and ability level of the students.
SUPERVISION:
a) Supervision is the overseeing of an activity for regulation or direction. All facilities, equipment and activities have inherent risks, but the level of risk decreases significantly with effective supervision.
b) Definition of a Coach: A coach can be any individual approved by the principal or designate (see Appendix O). Any coach who is not a teacher or administrator
employed by the board or an individual with teaching certification approved by the principal (e.g. retired teacher, teacher not under contract) must:
• complete the application form for outside coaches [see Appendix P];
• be interviewed and approved by the principal or designate [see Appendix P];
• become familiar with relevant school and board policies and procedures provided by the principal or designate.
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c) Role of Teacher Supervisor Within a School Division:
The principal or designate is to appoint a teacher supervisor [teacher or administrator] for every coach who is not a teacher or administrator employed by the school.
The teacher supervisor will be responsible for carrying out all the duties required of a teacher pursuant to the Education Act and these guidelines [see Appendix R]. The
level of support will be commensurate with the expertise and qualifications of the coach and will be determined by the principal or designate. As a minimum, the
designated teacher supervisor will provide “in-the-area” supervision for all practices, games, and competitions. “In-the-area” supervision of a non-teacher coach
means that the teacher supervisor must be accessible and at least one of the following criteria must be in place:
• teacher supervisor is visible;
• teacher supervisor is circulating on the same site;
• teacher supervisor is accessible.
When the practice or competition takes place within the school division, refer to your school division policy on teacher supervision.
Role of Teacher Supervisor Outside of a School Division:
When a school team is travelling outside their school division, a teacher supervisor from the same school or division must accompany the team [as per your school
division policy]; must be accessible, and at least one of the following criteria must be in place:
• teacher supervisor is visible;
• teacher supervisor is circulating on the same site;
• teacher supervisor is accessible.
• As a minimum, the designated teacher supervisor will provide “in-the-area” supervision for all practices, games, and competitions.
Role of Teacher Supervisor at Provincial MHSAA Sanctioned Competitions:
When a school is travelling to a provincial MHSAA sanctioned competition, the teacher supervisor must be from the same school as the team. For individual sports, one
teacher supervisor may be responsible for students from two or three schools pending approval from MHSAA. The teacher supervisor must accompany the team to all
games and tournament functions; must be accessible; and at least one of the following criteria must be in place:
- teacher supervisor is visible
- teacher supervisor is circulating on the same site
- as a minimum, the teacher supervisor will provide “in-the-area” supervision
d) For higher risk sport, coaches must meet specific sport coaching qualifications [see individual sport pages].
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e) Supervision by the Coach:
Any use of a facility must be supervised. This guideline has designated three categories of supervision by the coach: “Constant visual”, “On-site”, and “In-thearea”. The categories are based on the principles of general and specific supervision which take into consideration the risk level of the activity, the participants’ skill level
and the participants’ maturity.
f) Categories of Supervision:
In the category of supervision, “Constant visual” supervision means that the coach is physically present, watching the activity in question. Only one activity requiring
“Constant visual” supervision can take place while other activities are going on. “On-site” supervision entails coach presence but not necessarily constantly viewing
one specific activity. For “In-the-area” supervision, the coach must be readily accessible and at least one of the following criteria must be in place:
• coach circulating;
• location of coach is known;
• coach is visible.
Example: During a track and field practice, some students are involved in high jump, some in relay, while others are involved in distance running.
“Constant Visual” supervision - High Jump [initial instruction] - Coach is at the event and is observing activity.
“On-site” supervision - Relay - Students are participating on the track/field and can be seen by the coach.
“In-the-area” supervision - Distance Running - Students are running a prescribed route through the school neighbourhood.
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g) Supervision - Points to Consider
i)
In competitions requiring an overnight stay, chaperones of the same sex must be present.
ii)
Students must be aware that the use of equipment and the gymnasium are prohibited without the appropriate type of supervision.
Deterrents must be in place. For example:
• locked doors;
• signs on doors indicating that students are not to use the gym unless supervised;
• staff scheduled and present in an adjoining physical education office, in order to see students who might enter the gym unauthorized.
iii)
Level of supervision must be commensurate with the inherent risk of the sport and the maturity of the athletes.
iv)
Establish routines, rules of acceptable behaviour and appropriate duties of students at the beginning of the sport season and reinforce throughout the season.
Coaches must sanction students for unsafe play or unacceptable behaviour, and must exercise that responsibility at all times. [e.g., deal with intimidation,
harassment, abuse.] Refer to Appendix Q for more information on student behaviour.
v)
Rules of the sport must be taught and strictly enforced.
vi)
In situations where a substitute teacher or other teacher is asked to coach a practice or game the following must occur:
• teacher competence level with sport activity must be addressed;
• absent coach or administrator or designate must provide the Safety Guidelines page[s] for Interscholastic sport activity;
• absent coach must specify restrictions/modifications for students with health or behavioural problems.
vii)
When an Interscholastic sport includes large numbers of participants [e.g., a school cross-country team] the ratio of coaches to participants must satisfy safety
concerns.
viii) A school is responsible for supervising its own spectators. The ratio of supervisor to spectator must address safety concerns.
ix)
Sport convenors/ event organizers must address the issue of event security.
x)
When an interscholastic sport includes several higher risk activities [e.g., track and field] the ratio of coaches to participants must satisfy safety concerns.
COACHING QUALIFICATIONS
Coach in charge must:
a) Review local guidelines for the sport and attend appropriate clinics and coaches’ meetings.
b) Be encouraged to complete Level 1 Theory and Technical of the National Coaching Certification Program (NCCP) or equivalent in the sport which he/she is coaching.
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c) Be encouraged to attend a basic first aid course.
d) Adhere to coaching qualifications for higher risk sports (see individual sport pages).
COACH’S ROLE AND RESPONSIBILITIES
a) The coach must work with student athletes in a professional manner that emphasizes respect, fair play and skill improvement.
b) It is the coach’s responsibility to be knowledgeable of the rules and the skills necessary for the students to play the game safely.
c) The coach is to be familiar with the contents of:
• the Board’s Risk Management Policy and Administrative Procedures for Interscholastic Sports;
• the Board’s Transportation Policy;
• competition, playing regulations and constitution by-laws.
• MHSAA handbook
d) Ensure that the Interscholastic Athletic Participation Form [see Appendix T] has been completed by parents/guardian and has been returned prior to participation in the first practice. Coaches must have access to the forms at ALL practices and games.
e) Coaches must provide a suitable level of competition according to skill, size, age and conditioning of the athlete. Coaches must examine the intensity and frequency of
drills, practices, and games in order not to put the student at risk [e.g., excessive repetition of a heading or hitting skill].
f) When there has been an interruption to a competitive season of more than two weeks, coaches must provide appropriate practice time before competition may resume.
g) Inform participants and parents [in writing or verbally] of the times and locations of practices and games.
h) Early in the season, clearly establish expectations and general conduct for practices and games. Involve players in formulating behavioural guidelines, fostering player
discipline and self control to minimize risk and promote fair and safe play [refer to Appendix Q, MHSAA Code of Conduct for Players].
i) Game
• Officials must be treated with respect. Officials’ decisions are final [e.g.. question officials’ decisions through proper procedures].
• It is the responsibility of the coaches to control their teams and instruct their players to participate in a safe manner according to the rules of the game.
• Visiting coaches are responsible for their teams’ behaviour and the behaviour of volunteer bus drivers who represent their school.
• Coaches must be aware of School’s Coaching Handbook, Division, Zone and MHSAA Coaches’ Code of Behaviour.
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j) Supervision
• Participants must be appropriately supervised during all phases of the activity: practices, warm-up, competition, breaks. [If the coach cannot fulfill the appropriate
level of supervision, the activity must be stopped.]
• For all sports, where the coach is not of the same sex as the athlete[s], and where the athlete[s] are required or might be required to stay overnight, a supervising adult,
as approved by the principal of the school, of the same sex as the athlete[s], must be present and available at the accommodation site for the duration of their stay in the
accommodation.
• Ensure that ALL team members have left the practice or competition facility prior to the coach leaving. The coach/teacher supervisor of the visiting team must ensure
the safe departure from the competition site of all team members before the coach/teacher supervisor departs.
k) For higher risk sports, the coach must document athlete attendance and all practice plans, with reference to progressive development of skills, with attention paid to
identified inherent risks of the sport, [see Appendix N “Sample Coaches’ Planner”].
l) Before each practice or game, the coach must visually inspect facilities and playing surfaces to ensure that they meet safety guidelines; the coach must not allow participation if he/she is not satisfied that the facilities or playing surface are safe.
PLAYER’S ROLE AND RESPONSIBILITIES
a) All participants are expected to abide by the established behavioural guidelines. [See Appendix Q.]
b) All participants must be encouraged to report all injuries to the coach.
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Safety and Liability
Safety is of particular concern in planning and implementing physical education. The primary responsibility and legal liability for ensuring safe practices rests with the
school division/district and it’s employees. Schools must develop safe routines and procedures, and teachers need to be knowledgeable about the best safety practices, regardless of
whether the teaching, learning and assessment takes place in the classroom, gymnasium, playground or alternative environments.
Teachers responsible for providing a wide variety of challenging movement experiences in physically active settings must anticipate hazards and minimize the risk inherent
in physical activity. Expertise in physical activity management is essential. For some specific physical activities/programming, such as aquatics and Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation [CPR], it is recommended that certified training be required.
As a general rule, teachers will be held to the standard of care of a careful parent of a large family, considering such factors as the number of students being supervised; the
age; maturity; level of skill and knowledge; the behavioural propensities of the students; the nature of the activity; the type of equipment being used; and the location involved. Staff
members responsible for a subject area requiring expertise may be held to a higher professional standard of care. For example, a physical education teacher may be presumed to
know more about the dangers inherent in artistic gymnastics than would the average parent. Accordingly, he or she may be held to the standard of physical education specialists
with training and experience in artistic gymnastics.
Sections 86, 87, and 89 of The Public Schools Act address exemption from liability in areas of physical education, and may provide some degree of exemption from liability
and negligence. However, it is important that school divisions/districts be aware that it is their primary responsibility for ensuring safe practices when planning and implementing
physical education. In several litigations resulting from students being injured during physical education classes, Canadian courts have demonstrated a clear departure from “the
careful and prudent parent” standard of care when assessing teacher negligence, adopting instead a “professional” standard of care.
Trial courts, therefore, have concluded that the standard of care to be exercised in the context of instruction in a physical education class can frequently exceed the “careful
parent of a large family” test, since many physical education activities require specialized knowledge, training and experience of the teacher. For example, where students are
engaging in artistic gymnastics activities, the teacher and school authorities will be required to act as a careful and prudent person having the specialized expertise demanded of
an artistic gymnastics instructor.
The Supreme Court of Canada has established four criteria to determine the necessary and appropriate standard of care within the context of physical education:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Is the activity suitable to the mental and physical condition, as well as the age of participating students?
Have the students been progressively taught and coached to perform the activity[ies] properly and to avoid the dangers inherent in the activity[ies]?
Is the equipment adequate and suitably arranged?
Is the activity being supervised properly in light of the inherent danger involved?
S A F E T Y & L I A B I L I T Y
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Environmental Concerns -- SPRING, SUMMER & FALL Conditions
• Lightning Storm
Refer to page 39 in YouthSafe Manitoba: School Field Trip Resource, Trip Leadership section
Look out when: You can count less than 30 seconds between the lightning flash and the thunder. This means the storm is less than 10 km away and there is an 80% chance that
the next strike will occur within that area. Take note if the skies darken; if gusty winds develop; and if weather warnings are broadcast.
Take action: Get inside a building; stay away from windows, pipes and electrical outlets.... get inside a vehicle with a metal roof, but avoid contact with the metal. If you’re
caught outside, far from safe shelter, stay away from tall objects such as fences, wires, poles and trees. Avoid riding a bike; swimming or boating; participating in outdoor activities;
or carrying conductive materials [e.g., fishing rod, umbrella, golf clubs, etc].
Wait and Watch: Wait about 30 minutes after you hear the last thunder clap before resuming outdoor activities. Watch for broken tree limbs, fallen power lines and flooding
caused by heavy rainfall.
• Heat and Ultraviolet Index
Watch, Listen, Plan: Listen to the forecasts and be aware of the Ultraviolet Index. [Values less than 4:00 are low; Values from 4:00 - 6.9 are moderate; Values from 7:00 - 8.9 are
high.]
Look out when: The temperature rises to over 30 C.
Take action: Wear a hat; apply sunscreen; and keep hydrated. Lower the intensity of the outdoor activity or move indoors.
Watch: Watch for any signs of sunburn, heat stroke and heat exhaustion. Be prepared to provide the necessary first aid.
• Outdoor Field Conditions
Watch, Listen, Plan: The playing area must be free of debris and obstructions; it must provide suitable footing; and it must be well-removed from traffic.
Look out when: There are areas that the students must not use. These areas must be marked off.
Take action: Report to the principal any conditions or hazards that are unsuitable and in need of repair or removal.
Wait and Watch: Wait until repairs are completed or until any hazards are removed before resuming activities.
• Insects
Watch, Listen, Plan: Take note if excessive numbers of insects are present.
Look out when: There are students with insect allergies present.
Take action: Ensure that students with allergies have the necessary medication on hand [e.g., epi pen].
E N V I RON M E N TAL CONCERNS
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Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
Environmental Concerns -- WINTER Conditions
• Temperature and Wind Chill
Temperature:
Temperature:
Temperature:
Temperature:
+4C
-12C
-20C
-25C
to
to
to
to
-12C
-20C
-25C
-40C
-- wind chill 700: very comfortable
-- wind chill 1200: comfortable when wearing dry, adequately insulated clothing on sunny days
-- wind chill 1400: requires constant activity and adequate clothing
-- wind chill 1600: restrict outdoor activity to a minimum with warm-up breaks included
NOTE: Watch for prolonged exposure and signs of frostbite. Be prepared to provide the necessary first aid.
• Outdoor Field Conditions
Watch, Listen, Plan: The playing area must be free of debris and obstructions; it must provide suitable footing; and it must be well-removed from traffic. Watch for holes and
severely uneven surfaces. Choose a site that takes sun; wind; snow conditions; and the suitability of the terrain into consideration.
Look out when: There are areas that the students must not use. These areas must be marked off. Watch out for conditions where the area is icy beyond the point of providing
suitable and safe footing.
Take action: Report to the principal any conditions or hazards that are unsuitable and in need of modification,repair or removal.
Wait and Watch: Wait until repairs are completed or until any hazards are removed before resuming activities.
E N V I RON M EN TAL CONCERNS
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Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
Refer to page 101 (Archery) in YouthSafe Manitoba:
School Field Trip Resource, Safety First section
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
All equipment must be
checked regularly for
defects.
Arm guards and finger
tabs should be made
available to students.
Bow length and weight
must correspond to the
height and strength of the
participant. An equal
number of appropriate
length arrows must be
given to each participant.
Use only appropriate
targets.
Compound bows or cross
bows are not to be used.
Floor or back quivers
need to be used.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be
worn:
Suitable footwear and
clothing providing the
student with unrestricted
movement.
[Note: appropriate closefitting clothes must be
worn on the upper body
during this activity.]
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
FACILITIES
Senior Years Only
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
The playing area must be
free of debris and
obstructions; must
provide suitable footing;
and must be well
removed from traffic,
with boundaries clearly
identified.
A “Firing” line must be established, and it
must be appropriate for the skill level of the
students. [No one is allowed in front of the
firing line until signalled by the teacher.]
For indoor shooting, a
properly installed safety
net must be used.
Establish a start and stop shooting and
retrieving procedure.
Access and exit to the
facility must be
controlled and warning
signs must be posted.
For outdoor activity, the
shooting area must be
well marked and
controlled.
All students not involved in shooting must be
positioned well behind the firing line and away
from the archers on the line.
Students must receive instruction on safety
procedures and shooting techniques,
including care and use of the equipment
[e.g., how to remove an arrow from a target
butt safely].
ARCHERY
SUPERVISION
Constant visual supervision is required.
The head coach must demonstrate knowledge of game, skills and strategies to the
principal or designate.
Coaching expertise for the head coach must
be derived from at least one of the following:
• NCCP Level One Technical in Archery;
• attendance at an archery clinic or
workshop within the last three years;
• past experience as a player or coach in
the sport.
An individual who takes responsibility for
providing first aid to injured students must
be present during the entire practice/
competition.
A loaded or unloaded bow must never be
pointed at anyone.
Bows must only be loaded on the shooting line,
after the signal to shoot has been given.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
A R C H E R Y
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Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
BADMINTON
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Racquets must be
inspected regularly for
breakage and to ensure
proper grip.
Protective eye gear as
prescribed by MHSAA
badminton playing
regulations.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be
worn:
Suitable footwear and
gym clothing providing
the student with
unrestricted movement.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
Check MHSAA guidelines
for uniforms at
Provincials.
FACILITIES
The playing area must
be free from debris and
obstructions and provide
safe footing.
Court boundary lines
must be clearly defined.
A safety procedure must
be established for
side-by-side courts.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
SUPERVISION
During initial instruction, on-site supervision
is required. After initial instruction,
in-the-area supervision is required.
The code of etiquette for court play must be
taught and enforced, [e.g., not entering a
court being used.]
Setting up of equipment requires on-site
supervision.
When practicing skills, adequate spacing must
be allowed for each athlete to be able to make
an uninterrupted swing.
An individual who takes responsibility for
providing first aid to injured students must be
present during the entire practice/competition.
Players must stop play whenever a foreign
object comes onto the court.
The benefits of protective eye gear must be
communicated to the students.
Encourage the front court player to avoid
facing his/her partner during a rally.
B A D M I N T O N
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Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
BALL HOCKEY/
FLOOR HOCKEY
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Stick blades must be
checked regularly to
ensure that the blade is
securely attached to the
stick. Only regulation
plastic hockey sticks may
be used. Plastic goals or
pylons should be used.
Suitable soft balls must
be used, including: P30,
P40, nerf, yarn ball,
tennis ball, plastic, or a
highly visible soft lightrubber puck.
Goalies must wear face
masks [e.g., hockey
helmet with cage], and
should wear protective
gloves.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be
worn:
Suitable footwear and
gym clothing providing
the student with
unrestricted movement.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
FACILITIES
The playing area must be
free of debris and
obstructions; must
provide suitable footing;
and must be well
removed from traffic,
with boundaries clearly
identified.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
The following rules must be in place and
must be enforced by penalties:
a) no body contact
b) no stick on body contact
c) the stick must remain below the waist at
all times with the blade preferably below
knee-level
d) slap shots are not allowed
e) implement a crease for protection of the
goalie
f) no other player [or player’s stick] is
allowed in the goal crease
g) no lifting and slashing the opponent’s
stick
SUPERVISION
On-site supervision is required.
An individual who takes responsibility for
providing first aid to injured students must
be present during the entire practice/
competition.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
Games must be based on the skills that are
taught.
Consideration should be
given to having players
wear protective gloves,
full face masks or eye
protection and a full-fit
mouthguard.
B A L L H O C K E Y • F L O O R H OC K E Y
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BASEBALL
Baseball is not recommended for the Middle years
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
CSA approved helmets
must be worn by batters,
baserunners, and the
on-deck batter.
Helmets must have
earflaps on both sides.
Catchers must wear
approved equipment.
Warm-up catchers must
wear a mask.
Suitable pelvic area
protection must be worn
by all players.
All equipment must be
kept out of the playing
area.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
Pants, team shirt and a
baseball hat must be
worn.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection
against sun, heat and
insects.
FACILITIES
Bases must be secured.
The diamond must be level and
groomed.
Backstops must be checked for broken
wire prior to each game.
Entrance gates to the playing field
must be closed at all times.
The dugout must be screened to
protect players.
If in the opinion of the umpire, after
consultation with both coaches, the
field is deemed to be unsafe for play,
the game will be rescheduled.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Appropriate sliding techniques must be taught
to minimize the risk of injury.
There must be no head first sliding into a base
other than returning from a leadoff position.
A conditioning program that encourages
flexibility, improved cardiovascular fitness and
pre-event warm-up must be introduced.
SUPERVISION
On-site supervision.
There must be a designated
supervisor [teacher, parent, or
responsible adult] available with a
vehicle to accompany any injured
student to the hospital. This must
not be the “in-charge” supervisor.
Players throwing to warm-up must do so away
from the playing area.
Pitchers are limited to a maximum of 60
pitches per game and no more than two
games per day.
Players not involved in the game must be on
or behind their bench.
There must be sufficient turf for proper
traction and impact absorption.
Aluminum bats with
proper grips must be
used.
Fielders must wear
baseball gloves.
B A S E B A L L
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Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
BASKETBALL
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Where a stage is close to
the baseline, gym mats
must be placed over the
edge of the stage and
must extend close to the
floor.
In situations where the
student’s follow through
and/or run- off the end
of the court may result in
contact with an end wall
-- protective padding or
gym mats must be
placed beyond the “key”
area; must extend a
minimum of 1.88 m [6’]
up the wall from the top
of the baseboard
[maximum 10 cm [4”]
from the floor], and
must be a minimum
width of 4.88 m [16’].
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be
worn:
Suitable footwear and
gym clothing providing
the student with
unrestricted movement.
Items such as cast,
braces, or other
materials that may pose
a danger are not to be
worn.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not
removable, it must be
taped -- [e.g., medical
alert identification,
religious/cultural
jewellery]. Eyewear
may need to be removed
or secured.
No metal or other hard
object can be used to
hold hair back.
Note: Check MHSAA
guidelines for uniforms
at Provincials.
FACILITIES
The playing area must be free of
debris and obstructions; must
provide suitable footing; and if
outdoors, must be well removed
from traffic, with boundaries
clearly identified.
Protective padding should be
used on rectangular backboard
edges.
Only trained adults are to use
motorized or hand winches to
raise and lower the baskets.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
Games must be based on the skills that
have been taught.
If the gym does not facilitate safe play,
[e.g., doors and radiators under the
baskets; a wall too close to the
baseline; close proximity of chin-up
bars and climbing apparatus], modify
the rules appropriately,
[e.g., no lay-ups].
SUPERVISION
On-site supervision is required for the intial
instruction, followed by in the area
supervision.
An individual who takes responsibility for
providing first aid to injured students must be
present during the entire practice/competition.
Only trained adults may operate
power drills to raise/lower
baskets.
The winch for moving
backboards up and down must
not be located directly under the
supporting wall-mounted
structure. When raising or
lowering baskets, the area
directly below the moving basket
must be clear of people and
equipment.
B A S K E T B A L L
page 130
GG
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
BOWLING
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone must
be accessible.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
Suitable footwear must
be worn at all times, as
provided or approved by
the facility. Street
clothes are acceptable.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
FACILITIES
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
SUPERVISION
In the area supervision is required.
Parents must be aware of any away-fromschool activity and the mode of transportation
being used.
Teach and follow the rules and etiquette as
outlined by the facility.
Students must be shown the proper handplacement when picking up the bowling ball.
Note:
Ten Pin bowling -- rings
could be a hazard.
B O W L I N G
page 131
GG
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
BROOMBALL
( Ice)
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Regulation broomball sticks
must be used.
Use a Nerf ball, utility ball,
or a regulation ball
specifically made for
broomball.
Goalies must wear protective masks.
A CSA approved hockey
helmet [with mask] must
be worn.
Players should wear
protective gloves
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
Players must wear
broomball shoes or
suitable footwear and
clothing for the temperature conditions.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection
against cold and sun.
FACILITIES
For Broomball The ice surface must be
free from obstructions
and deep ruts.
All ice rink doors must be
closed.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Body and stick contact and penalties for stick
infractions must be strictly enforced.
The crease must be extended 2 m [6’6”] from
the goal line. Offensive and defensive players
cannot be in the crease.
Only non-contact broomball is allowed.
The use of a breakaway
net is mandatory.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
Games must be based on the skills that are
taught.
Parents must be made aware of any
away-from-school activity and the
transportation arrangements.
SUPERVISION
On-site supervision is required.
The head coach must demonstrate
knowledge of game, skills and strategies to the
principal or designate.
Coaching expertise for the head coach must be
derived from at least one of the following:
• NCCP Level One Technical in Broomball;
• attendance at a broomball clinic or
workshop within the last three years;
• past experience as a player or coach in the
sport.
An individual who takes responsibility for
providing first aid to injured students must be
present during the entire practice/competition.
BROOMBALL
page 132
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
CHEERLEADING
(ACROBATIC)
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and
phone must be
accessible.
Carpeted gymnastics
mat strips, wrestling
mats or Velcro fold
out style mats are to
be used.
Mats must offer
proper foot control
and a safe surface,
i.e. they must not
move.
Velcro connections
on velcro mats must
be kept clean to
provide maximum
adhesion.
Megaphone handles
must be screwed in
tight and burred
edges must be
trimmed or filed.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
T-shirt, tank tops, gym/tennis/bike
style shorts are to be worn.
Females may wear traditional
cheerleading uniform, shorter
skirts, and shell tops.
No oversized tops or pants.
No slick lycra or nylon
clothing.
FACILITIES
Cheering surfaces
[e.g., hardwood gym
floor, rubberized gym
floor, carpeted studio,
grass – dry and flat,
track surfaces – all
weather] must be dry,
flat, and free from
loose objects.
Mats must be secure.
No hats, jewelry or sunglasses
are to be worn.
Footwear must be supportive
[e.g., 3/4 cut or high cut styles]
and must be laced up fully at
all times.
Hair must be clipped back -off the face.
When cheering outdoors,
heavier sweatshirts and/or wind
suits must be fitted.
Gloves or mitts must not be
worn during lifts and pyramids
unless they are fitted “batting”
style handwear.
Over the head
obstructions [e.g.,
basketball nets] must
be raised out of reach.
Loose items [e.g.,
clothing, towels, water
bottles, etc.] must not
be left on floor.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
Safety and spotting skills must be
addressed first.
Constant visual supervision is required for the initial skill
learning stages. After initial instruction, on-site supervision
is required.
Tops and bases of the pyramid must learn
the responsibilities of other members in
spotting/catching.
Coaches must employ hands-on spotting at all times until skills
are mastered.
Teach the progression of skills in a
sequential manner.
Coaches must attend/oversee all game cheerleading sessions as
well as competitions.
Students must not perform skills beyond
their ability level until the requisite
precursor skills are mastered.
Coaches must secure a safe cheering environment at football
games, [e.g., keep fans away from the team space].
The head coach must keep up to date with skill knowledge,
rule development and safety issues, e.g. communicating with
Cheerleading Federations, and maintaining an awareness of
external training opportunities.
Strength and conditioning must be an
integral part of the training of acrobatic
cheerleaders.
No stunting or tumbling on a school stage.
Safety regulations and rules must apply
to all cheerleading situations.
In adverse weather conditions:
• stunting and pyramid building must
be reduced;
• tossed skills (except chair sit) must
stop and all lifts must be secured with
additional hands-on spotters;
• extended lifts must not be performed;
• no tumbling.
All team members must be trained to employ hands-on
spotting at all times for all skills, until they are mastered.
If gymnastics is a component of the team’s skill package,
coaches must learn essential spotting techniques for elements
typically being used in cheerleading, [e.g., handspring, tuck,
round-off handspring, cartwheel].
The head coach must demonstrate a knowledge of game, skills
and strategies to the principal or designate.
Coaching expertise for the head coach must be derived from at
least one of the following:
• clinic or workshop within the last three years;
• past experience as an athlete or coach in the sport.
An individual who takes responsibility for providing first aid to
injured students must be present during the entire practice/
competition.
C H E E R L E A D I N G
( A C R O B A T I C )
p a g e 133
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
CHEERLEADING
(SPIRIT, DANCE)
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
If pom-poms are used,
they must be in good
repair
[i.e., not shedding].
Any electrical equipment
used must be in good
working order and have
wires taped to the floor or
contained within the
walls.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
Supportive athletic shoes
are to be worn.
FACILITIES
Adequate footing must be
provided both indoors or
on a field.
Adequate room must be
provided for all
movement.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
All routines must be taught in the proper
progression.
Routines must be designed not to interfere
with other activity.
SUPERVISION
During the initial instruction of routines, onsite supervision is required. After the initial
instruction, in-the-area supervision is
required.
Pom-pom plastic must be cleaned up as it
sheds, to prevent any risk to students.
Stress correct body alignment for injury
prevention.
C H E E R L E A D I N G
( S P I R I T / D A N C E )
p a g e 134
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
CRICKET
THE OFFICIAL GAME OF CRICKET IS NOT RECOMMENDED
FOR MIDDLE YEARS -- [USE VARIATIONS]
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Regulation cricket bats,
and stumps should be
used.
For regulation cricket,
approved cricket pads and
gloves must be worn by
the batters and the
wicketkeeper.
The batter must wear an
approved cricket helmet.
Tennis balls are to be
used for indoor cricket
games.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be
worn:
Suitable footwear and
gym clothing providing
the student with
unrestricted movement.
No cleats are allowed.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
FACILITIES
The playing area must
be free of debris and
obstructions; must
provide suitable footing;
and must be well
removed from traffic,
with boundaries clearly
identified.
The playing surface must
be a mat wicket.
For indoor cricket
variations, the playing
surface and surrounding
area must be free of all
obstacles [e.g., tables,
chairs, pianos].
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
Games must be based on the skills taught.
SUPERVISION
On-site supervision is required.
An individual who takes responsibility for
providing first aid to injured students must be
present during the entire practice/competition.
“Bouncers” and “bean balls” must not be
bowled.
A designated area must be established for nonactive players at a safe distance behind the
batter.
Middle Years -- the bowler should underhand
lob or roll the ball at the batter’s wicket, and
the wicket keeper must stand a safe distance
behind a striker.
Middle Years -- Use an
official Kanga Ball set, or
modify as follows:
• Use tennis balls, cosom
plastic balls, or “soft”
balls.
• Use sturdy plastic bats.
• Use Kanga Ball wickets,
each having 3 sturdy
plastic stumps which fit
into a hollow base.
C R I C K E T
page 135
GG
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
Refer to page 73 (Cross Country Running) and page 71 (Orienteering)
in YouthSafe Manitoba: School Field Trip Resource, Safety First section
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
An emergency
communication system
must be in place.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be
worn:
Suitable footwear and
gym clothing providing
the student with unrestricted movement.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection
against sun, heat and
insects.
Note: Check MHSAA
guidelines for uniforms
at Provincials.
FACILITIES
CROSS COUNTRY RUNNING
AND ORIENTEERING
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
Prior to the initial use of
the cross country route,
teachers must do a safety
check ‘walk through’ in
order to identify potential
hazards. [e.g., avoiding
busy intersections which
may be on part of the
route.]
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression, and coaches must monitor the
weekly distance increases of the athletes.
Teachers must familiarize students with the
cross country route
before starting the run
[e.g., point out areas to
approach with caution].
Note: “Familiarization”
does not apply to
Orienteering as it is a
violation of the rules.
Coaches must be aware of students with a
history of asthma; other respiratory
problems; and severe allergies, e.g. bee sting
allergy. [Students with such problems must
be encouraged to run with inhaler/autoinjector, etc.]
Start and finish area must
provide a wide flat area.
An opportunity must be provided for
athletes to rehydrate during competition/
practice. Proper warm-up and cool-down
time must be included; attention must be
given to air temperature, sun-exposure,
previous training, and length of preparation; “crowded starts” safety-strategies must
be covered; and minimum age requirements for competition must be considered
and maintained.
The competition route
must have marshals
stationed throughout; all
hazards must be well
marked; and gate and
funnel markers must be
set for safety.
Students must be instructed in basic road
safety. The length and difficulty of the
route must be appropriate to the age, ability
level, fitness and training of the participants; and to the climatic conditions.
In the area supervision is required.
Prepare an emergency action plan for this
activity. [Check Appendix D.]
There must be a designated supervisor
[teacher, parent, or responsible adult]
available with a vehicle to accompany any
injured student to the hospital. This must
not be the “in-charge” supervisor.
Parents/guardians must be informed that
cross-country running takes students off the
immediate school grounds.
C R O S S
C O U N T R Y
R U N N I N G
&
O R I E N T E E R I N G
p a g e
136
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
CROSS COUNTRY SKIING
Refer to page 150 (Cross Country Skiing) in YouthSafe Manitoba: School Field Trip Resource, Safety First section
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and a
phone should be
accessible.
Skis, bindings, boots and
poles must be in good
repair and must be the
appropriate size for the
skier.
Any equipment brought
to school should be safety
inspected at home first
[e.g., skis, skates,
helmets].
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
Clothing must be
appropriate for outdoor
activity and must take
into account the outdoor
temperature. [Use
‘layering’ principles and
encourage the wearing of
toques, hats, and gloves.]
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection
against cold and sun.
FACILITIES
Define the specific route
& boundaries for the
students.
When choosing a site,
consider: sun, wind,
snow conditions and
suitability of terrain
[e.g., proximity to rivers
and lakes].
Non-commercial sites
must have practice
tracks skiied in by the
coach/convenor or
competent student skiers
under coach/convenor
direction for traditional
event and proximity to
warmth, food, waxing
and other facilities.
Marshalls must be
stationed throughout
and all hazards must be
well marked or padded.
Trails must be clearly
marked; intersections
roped off for trails not in
use; and turns must be
wide and safe.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
Emergency procedures must be established
and communicated to the students. See sport
regulations regarding minimum and
maximum temperatures. Discuss frostbite and
hypothermia and how to recognize and treat
them. Coaches must ensure that competitors
are adequately prepared and all equipment is
suitable for the difficulty of the race and
practice courses.
Poles have sharp tips. Caution students about
their use, especially when working close to
others. Ask students to check that boots are
secure in bindings. Use a buddy system for
practice.
Coach basic uphill and downhill maneuvers
on a very gentle slope. Skills must be taught in
the proper progression.
Coaches must be aware of students with a
history of asthma and other respiratory
problems. If these problems are severe,
students should be encouraged to ski with an
inhaler.
Prepare an emergency action plan for this
activity. [Check Appendix D.]
In-the-area supervision is required for all
sites.
Coaches, marshals and participants must be
watchful for frostbite and hypothermia.
Offsite Practices and Competitions
There must be a designated supervisor
(teacher, parent or responsible adult) with a
vehicle to accompany an injured student to
the hospital. This must not be the “incharge” supervisor.
An individual who takes responsibility for
providing first aid to injured students must
be present during the competition.
Students must be informed of the need for sun
protection and must be provided with the
opportunity to rehydrate during practice and
before/after competition.
Parents must be informed if the activity will be
off school grounds.
C R O S S
C O U N T R Y
S K I I N G
page 13 7
GG
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
CURLING
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
In “jam pail” curling -ensure that all handles
are secure.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
Clothing must be appropriate for cold temperature
activity.
Students should wear
curling shoes -- or slip-on
slider -- or running shoes
with the sliding shoe taped.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable,
it must be taped -- [e.g.,
medical alert identification, religious/cultural
jewellery]. Eyewear may
need to be removed or
secured.
FACILITIES
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Curling rink.
Teach etiquette and safety rules before going
to the curling rink or any ice surface.
In “jam pail” curling -ensure that the ice surface
is smooth.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
Parents must be informed when curling takes
students off the immediate school property.
SUPERVISION
Constant visual supervision is required.
Prepare an emergency action plan for this
activity. [Check Appendix D.]
There must be a designated supervisor
[teacher, parent, or responsible adult]
available with a vehicle to accompany any
injured student to the hospital. This must
not be the “in-charge” supervisor.
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection against
cold and sun.
Note: Check MHSAA
guidelines for uniforms at
Provincials.
C U R L I N G
page 138
GG
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
FIELD HOCKEY
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Regulation field hockey
[or developmentally
appropriate] sticks must
be used.
Students must be trained
to check their sticks
regularly for cracks.
Use a regular field hockey
ball.
Goalkeeper’s equipment:
Gloves, CSA approved
helmet and face mask,
chest protector, lower
abdominal protector,
goalie pads and kickers
must be worn by
goalkeeper or designated
kicking back.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be
worn:
Suitable footwear and
gym clothing providing
the student with
unrestricted movement.
Molded cleats or turf
shoes may be worn.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
FACILITIES
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
The playing area must
be free of debris and
obstructions; must
provide suitable footing;
and must be well
removed from traffic,
with boundaries clearly
identified.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
Portable goals must be
checked prior to
practices/competition to
ensure they are secure.
If a regulation ball is used and there is a
goalie, equipment as specified must be used.
Games must be based on the skills that are
taught.
Coaches must teach proper techniques in
offensive and defensive skills and strategies.
The ball must be played only with the flat
side of the stick.
SUPERVISION
On site supervision is required.
The head coach must demonstrate
knowledge of game, skills and strategies to
the principal or designate.
Coaching expertise for the head coach must
be derived from at least one of the following:
• NCCP Level One Technical in Field
Hockey;
• attendance at a field hockey clinic or
workshop within the last three years;
• past experience as a player or coach in the
sport.
An individual who takes responsibility for
providing first aid to injured students must
be present during the entire practice/competition.
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection
against sun, heat and
insects.
Shin guards must be
worn during all games
and practices.
A mouthguard is
recommended.
F I E L D
H O C K E Y
page 139
GG
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
FOOTBALL (FLAG, TOUCH)
TACKLE FOOTBALL is not an appropriate
activity for Middle Years.
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Use a ball that is
appropriate to the size
and ability of the group,
[e.g., a smaller football
or nerf ball].
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be
worn:
Suitable footwear and
gym clothing providing
the student with
unrestricted movement.
Metal or composite cleats
must not be worn in
class.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
Outdoor note: Students
must bring suitable
protection against sun,
heat and insects.
FACILITIES
The playing area must
be free of debris and
obstructions; must
provide suitable footing;
and must be well
removed from traffic,
with boundaries clearly
identified.
Goal posts should be
padded when the goal
posts are in the field of
play.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
Tackle football is not an appropriate activity
for Middle Years.
On site supervision is required.
Skills must be taught in the proper progression
and games must be based on the skills that are
taught.
An individual who takes responsibility for
providing first aid to injured students must
be present during the entire practice/
competition.
No blocking is allowed -- except at the line of
scrimmage. Pass blocking is allowed only after
the proper technique has been taught.
Middle Years - Modify the rules of the game to
accommodate differences in ability, age and
physical development.
Boundary lines must be clearly indicated.
Any player with a playing cast must provide a
doctor’s note or parent/guardian-signed
permission slip indicating it is safe for him/
her to play.
Any knee braces or casts must be approved by
the official prior to the commencement of the
game. Any exposed orthopedic apparatus
must be soft or padded.
FOOTBALL
page 140
GG
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
FOOTBALL
(TACKLE)
Tackle Football is not recommended in the Early & Middle years
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Football helmets and
shoulder pads must be
inspected annually and
reconditioned, as
determined by an
accredited equipment
reconditioner.
Football helmets are to be
recertified by an
accredited equipment
reconditioner after three
years of use; and must be
replaced 10 years after the
date of manufacture.
For all contact situations,
the minimum protective
equipment that must be
worn includes: full fit
interior mouthguard,
properly fitted helmet,
shoulder pads, hiptailbone pads, thigh pads
and knee protection.
There must be full
padding in good
condition on the blocking
sled.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
Suitable footwear
that satisfies football
regulations and is
properly maintained
must be worn.
All jewelry must be
removed.
Clothing in practices
and games must be
suitable for the
weather conditions.
Note:
Check MHSAA
guidelines for
uniforms at
Provincials
FACILITIES
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
The playing area must be free
of debris and obstructions;
must provide suitable footing;
and must be well removed
from traffic, with boundaries
clearly identified.
Student athletes must receive instruction on how to properly
adjust and maintain equipment prior to wearing football gear.
Goal posts should be padded
when the goal posts are in the
field of play.
Skills must be taught in the proper progression.
Spectator stands and player
benches must be well removed
from the playing field.
Training must include flexibility, strength and cardiovascular
enhancing activities.
Boundary lines must be
clearly indicated.
Lime must not be used to line
the field.
There must be sufficient turf
for proper traction and impact
absorption.
Constant visual supervision
during initial practice of
contact skills.
When issuing equipment, all gear must be fitted properly.
Down-box personnel must be trained in the safe use of equipment.
Athletes must have access and opportunity to replenish fluids.
Each athlete must have actively participated in at least eight days
of practices before playing in first league game.
Practice equipment, such as blocking sleds and bags, must be kept
at a safe distance from practicing players when not in use.
There must be a minimum of 72 hours between games.
Coaches need to assess heat, humidity and the physical condition
of the athletes when planning practices.
Any player with a playing cast must provide a doctor’s note or parent’s
signed permission slip indicating it is safe for him/her to play.
Any knee braces or casts must be approved by the official prior to
the commencement of the game.
Any exposed orthopedic apparatus must be soft or padded.
Safe blocking and tackling techniques must be taught and
reinforced throughout the season. No head blocking or spear
tackling techniques are to be taught.
On-site supervision the rest
of the time.
The head coach must
demonstrate knowledge of
game, skills and strategies to
the principal or designate.
Coaching expertise for the
head coach must be derived
from at least one of the
following:
• NCCP Level One
Technical in Football;
• attendance at a football
clinic or workshop within
the last three years;
• past experience as a
player or coach in the
sport.
An individual who takes
responsibility for providing
first aid to injured students
must be present during the
entire practice/competition.
F O O T B A L L
( T A C K L E )
p a g e 141
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
GOLF
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Real golf balls must not be
used on school property
except for putting and
chipping. [If chipping is
indoors - use whiffle balls
only].
Equipment, especially
grips, must be checked
regularly and repaired as
needed.
Ensure that the clubs are
the appropriate length.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be
worn: Suitable footwear
and gym clothing
providing the student
with unrestricted
movement.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not
removable, it must be
taped -- [e.g., medical
alert identification,
religious/cultural
jewellery]. Eyewear
may need to be removed
or secured.
FACILITIES
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
Gym; school property; golf
domes; putting course; golf
course; driving range; chipping
[short game] course.
Students must receive instruction on proper
golf etiquette and safety -- including procedures for severe weather conditions. [See
Appendix.]
On site supervision is required for
the initial instruction and when
chipping with real golf balls.
Adequate space is required and
the space must allow for a full
backswing and follow through.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
In the area supervision is required
following the initial instruction.
Regardless of facility, the hitting
area must be well marked and
controlled.
Establish a safe routine for hitting and
retrieving golf balls and a designated safe area
for use of real balls while chipping.
For indoor [gym] golf -- use
mats and plastic balls.
Emphasize that safety is the #1
concern [e.g., only a certain
number of students can hit balls
at one time, depending on the
size of the gym].
Students must have had an opportunity to
develop their skills prior to playing on an
actual golf course.
An individual who takes responsibility for providing first aid to
injured students must be present
during the entire practice/
competition.
All rules of play must be followed.
Outdoor note: Students
must bring suitable
protection against sun,
heat and insects.
Check MHSAA guidelines for uniforms at
Provincials.
G O L F
page 142
GG
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
GYMNASTICS
PARALLEL BARS, HIGH BAR, STILL RINGS,
UNEVEN PARALLEL BARS, FLOOR,
BALANCE BEAM, POMMEL HORSE, VAULT
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Equipment must be
inspected on a regular
basis and repaired as
necessary.
No springboards. Only
brand name mini-tramps
or beatboards are to be
used for take-offs.
Beatboards used to mount
the apparatus must be
removed immediately after
use.
The coach must do a
safety check for proper set
up prior to student use.
Ensure all locking
mechanisms are checked
prior to use.
Balance beams used in
competition must be
padded and stable.
[Continued on next
page]
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
Bare feet or gymnastic
slippers are acceptable.
Footwear must be
accessible in case of fire.
No sock feet are allowed.
Snugly fitting clothes
that allow unrestricted
movement must be
worn.
Long hair must be tied
back.
Secure or remove
eyeglasses.
No jewelry.
Proper hand grips and
chalk must be available.
FACILITIES
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Mats must be situated
around/under the
apparatus as a landing
area such that there is no
overlap or open spaces.
Students must be instructed on the safety rules
related to gymnastics and all associated
apparatus prior to using any equipment.
Precautions must be
taken to minimize the
movement of mats on
impact. Velcro mats
must be attached.
A floor plan must be
established for all
equipment to ensure
adequate space between
apparatus, and to ensure
the proper distance away
from walls and other
obstructions.
Extra matting must be
placed beyond the
corners of the
competitive floor area.
The coach must be aware of the physical
limitations and initial skill levels of students.
Students must not be encouraged to perform
skills beyond their physical and psychological
capabilities.
Utilize a safe and sequential skill development
program that includes a conditioning
component for flexibility and strength.
All skills must be taught in proper progression
from simple to complex. Observe that students
demonstrate control of basic movement before
moving to more complicated skills [e.g.,
rotations on mats before performing on
apparatus, and peform landings before
working on elevated equipment].
SUPERVISION
On-site supervision is required.
Constant visual supervision is required for
the initial learning stages of difficult moves.
Students must be trained to spot each other
appropriately. Only coaches will spot inverted
vault and aerial moves.
The coach must supervise the set-up and
take-down of equipment.
The head coach must demonstrate
knowledge of sport, skills and strategies to the
principal or designate.
Coaching expertise for the head coach must
include NCCP Level One Technical in
Gymnastics.
[Continued on next page]
[Continued on next
page]
G Y M N A S T I C S
p a g e 143
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
GYMNASTICS
continued
EQUIPMENT
General utility mats to be used
for floor work and tumbling:
• ensolite 3.8 cm (1 1/2”);
• trocellen 5.1 cm (2”);
• ethefoam 3.8 cm (1 1/2”);
• sarneige 3.8 cm (1 1/2”);
• mats of equivalent
compaction rating.
Landing surfaces to be used for
elevated inverted skills:
30.5 cm - 60.9 cm (12" - 24")
solid or cross link foam pit.
Thick mats must NOT be used
as a landing surface for
vaulting or for controlled
landing on the feet off any
piece of equipment.
Landing surfaces to be used for
feet-first landings [e.g.,
vaulting, dismounts from
heights]:
Hardside-softside landing mats
12 cm (4.5”) or greater must
be in place with hardside up &
no gaps.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
FACILITIES
When a spring floor is
not available for
competition and/or
when there is insufficient
space around the floor
area, consideration must
be given to modifying
the competitive
requirements.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
An individual who takes responsibility for
providing first aid to injured students must
be present during the entire practice/
competition.
Mats joined together
must be of uniform
thickness and composition (e.g. all carpet or all
vinyl).
For skill acquisition,
equipment must be
adapted to the size and
ability of the athlete.
Equipment must be stored in a
safe and secure manner.
G Y M N A S T I C S
p a g e 144
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
EQUIPMENT
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Properly fitting skates
must be worn
CSA approved and
properly fitting hockey
helmet with full face
mask, throat protector,
gloves, elbow pads,
shoulder pads, pants,
shin pads and cup/pelvic
protector.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
Check sticks for cracks
and splinters.
Approved and properly
fitting goalie equipment
must be worn by the
goaltender.
Use of a mouthguard is
recommended.
Note:
Check MHSAA guidelines
for uniforms at
Provincials.
FACILITIES
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
ICE HOCKEY
SUPERVISION
The ice surface must be
free from debris and deep
ruts.
All rules must be clearly outlined and
enforced.
Constant visual supervision is required
during the initial practice of contact skills.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression and the games must be based on
the skills that are taught.
On-site supervision the rest of the time.
All ice rink doors must be
closed.
Use of a break-away net
is mandatory.
Penalties for rule infractions must be strictly
enforced.
The head coach must demonstrate
knowledge of game, skills and strategies to
the principal or designate.
No more than three games are allowed in one
day.
Coaching expertise for the head coach must
be derived from at least one of the following:
• NCCP Level One Technical in Hockey;
• attendance at a hockey clinic or workshop within the last three years;
• past experience as a player or coach in
the sport.
Prepare an emergency action plan for this
activity. [Check Appendix D.]
There must be a designated supervisor
[teacher, parent, or responsible adult]
available with a vehicle to
accompany any injured student to the
hospital. This must not be the “in-charge”
supervisor.
I C E
H O C K E Y
page 145
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
LACROSSE
(BOX, FIELD)
Box/Field Lacrosse is not recommended for Middle years
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Lacrosse sticks must be
checked for broken heads
or shafts. Ball: regulation
lacrosse/whiffle/P-30.
Helmets [with cage] as
well as gloves -- are
mandatory. Goalie must
wear FULL equipment.
Use of a mouthguard is
recommended.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be
worn: Suitable footwear
[no metal cleats are
allowed], and gym
clothing providing the
student with unrestricted
movement.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed.
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection
against sun and heat.
FACILITIES
The playing area must
be free of debris and
obstructions; must
provide suitable footing;
and must be well
removed from traffic,
with boundaries clearly
identified.
There must be sufficient
turf for proper traction
and impact absorption.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression. Games must be based on the
skills taught.
All rules must be clearly outlined and
enforced. Penalties for rule infractions must
be strictly enforced.
SUPERVISION
On site supervision is required.
The head coach must demonstrate
knowledge of game, skills and strategies to
the principal or designate. This expertise
must be derived from at least one of the
following: NCCP Level One Technical in
Lacrosse; attendance at a Lacrosse clinic or
workshop within the last three years; past
experience as a player or coach in the sport.
An individual responsible for providing first
aid to injured students must be present during
the entire practice/competition.
L A C R O S S E
( B O X / F I E L D )
p a g e 146
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
LACROSSE
(SOFT)
Middle Years
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
A soft, hollow, air-filled
ball must be used for
both indoor and outdoor
play.
A face mask must be
worn by the goaltender.
Use Inter-Lacrosse sticks
with a durable plastic
head and lightweight
aluminum handle.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be
worn:
Suitable footwear and
gym clothing providing
the student with
unrestricted movement.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped.
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
FACILITIES
The playing area must be
free of debris and
obstructions; must
provide suitable footing;
and, if outdoors, must be
well removed from
traffic, with boundaries
clearly identified.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Rules must be modified to exclude
stick-on-stick and stick-on-body contact; and
to prevent accidental contact within 1 m of the
gym wall or the playground fence.
SUPERVISION
On site supervision is required.
Only non-contact lacrosse is to be played.
Skills must be taught in the proper progression
and games must be based on the skills taught.
Always stress student responsibility regarding
individual space.
L A C R O S S E {S O F T }
p age
147
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
RINGETTE (ON ICE)
[Not recommended for Middle Years]
EQUIPMENT
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Properly fitted skates
must be worn.
Use a regulation rubber
ring.
Suitable clothing must be
worn.
Only regulation
“ringette” sticks are to be
used.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
Sticks must be checked
regularly for cracks.
CSA approved hockey
helmet with cage must be
worn by all players.
Gloves and elbow pads
must be worn.
Use of a mouthguard is
recommended.
FACILITIES
The ice surface must be
free from debris and deep
ruts.
Use of a breakaway net is
mandatory.
All ice rink doors must be
closed.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
All rukes must be clearly outlined and
enforced.
Penalties for all infractions must be strictly
enforced.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
Games and activities must be based on the
skills that are taught.
SUPERVISION
On-site supervision is required.
The head coach must demonstrate
knowledge of game, skills and strategies to
the principal or designate.
Coaching expertise for the head coach must
be derived from at least one of the following:
• NCCP Level One Technical in Ringette;
• attendance at a ringette clinic or workshop within the last three years;
• past experience as a player or coach in the
sport.
Prepare an emergency action plan for this
activity. [Check Appendix D.]
There must be a designated supervisor
[teacher, parent, or responsible adult]
available with a vehicle to
accompany any injured student to the
hospital. This must not be the “in-charge”
supervisor.
R I N G E T T E
page 148
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
FULL CONTACT Rugby is not an appropriate activity
for Middle Years. Written permission from a school board official is required.
Tackle Rugby is not recommended for Middle Years.
Touch Rugby is recommended for Middle Years.
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Regulation or
developmentally
appropriate rugby balls or
footballs are to be used.
A full-fit interior
mouthguards must be
worn for contact rugby.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be
worn:
Suitable footwear and
gym clothing providing
the student with unrestricted movement.
Metal or composite cleats
must not be worn.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection
against sun, heat and
insects.
FACILITIES
The playing area must be
free of debris and
obstructions; must
provide suitable footing;
and must be well
removed from traffic,
with boundaries clearly
identified.
Goal posts must be
padded if they are in the
field of play.
Clearly mark off the
boundaries and lines of
the field.
Use collapsible, soft
pylons to mark corners,
mid line and 22 m (66’)
line, or flags off the
sidelines.
RUGBY
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Middle Years --Modify the rules to accommodate ability/age/physical development, [e.g.,
non-contact Rugby].
SUPERVISION
Constant visual supervision during the
initial practice of contact skills.
Subsequently, on-site supervision.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
Athletes must have access and opportunity to
replenish fluids.
Training must include flexibility, strength
and cardiovascular enhancing activities.
Players must be physically prepared for
contact.
Tackling skills must be taught. [e.g.,
confidence in contact.]
Prior to the first league game, 10 days of
practices must have occurred.
The head coach must demonstrate knowledge of game, skills and strategies to the
principal or designate.
Coaching expertise for the head coach must
be derived from at least one of the following:
• NCCP Level One Technical in Rugby;
• attendance at a “Contact with Confidence” clinic.
An individual who takes responsibility for
providing first aid to injured students must
be present during the entire practice/competition.
Any knee braces or casts must be approved by
the official prior to the commencement of the
game.
Any exposed orthopedic apparatus, which
presents a safety concern to other players,
must be soft. Such devices must be approved
by the official prior to the commencement of
the game.
R U G B Y
page 149
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
SOCCER
(INDOOR AND OUTDOOR)
EQUIPMENT
Outdoor soccer balls
must not be used indoors
for games or for shooting
on the goalie, but may
be used for indoor drills.
Portable goals must be
fastened down to ensure
that they will not fall
over.
Shin pads must be worn.
Middle Years The size and weight of
the soccer ball must be
appropriate to the age
and skill level of the
participants.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be
worn: suitable footwear
and gym clothing
providing the student
with unrestricted
movement.
No metal or molded
cleats are permitted.
No bare feet.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
Outdoor note: Students
must bring suitable
protection against sun,
heat and insects.
Check MHSAA guidelines
for uniforms at
Provincials.
FACILITIES
The outdoor playing area
must be free from debris
and obstructions; must
provide suitable footing;
and must be well
removed from traffic
areas. Boundaries must
be clearly identified.
For indoor soccer - keep
the gym free of hazards,
[e.g., tables, chairs, etc].
Use collapsible, soft
pylons or use field paint
to mark all the
boundaries and lines.
For indoor and outdoor
soccer -- ensure that the
goals are secured so that
they cannot fall over.
There must be sufficient
turf for proper traction
and impact absorption.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Skills must be taught in the proper progression. Games must be based on the skills
taught.
Instruct the students never to climb on
moveable outdoor goals and teach the safe
handling and potential dangers associated
with such goals.
SUPERVISION
On site supervision is required.
An individual who takes responsibility for
providing first aid to injured students must
be present during the entire practice/
competition.
Any player with a playing cast must provide a
doctor’s note or parent/guardian signed
permission slip indicating it is safe for him/
her to play.
Any exposed orthopedic apparatus, which
presents a safety concern to other players,
must be soft or padded. Such devices must
be approved by the official prior to the
commencement of the game.
Middle Years • No tackling from behind.
• For indoor and outdoor soccer, a goal
crease needs to be established and only the
goalie is allowed in the crease.
• Limit the time spent on “heading”
technique instruction. [e.g., where the ball
is struck with the head]
• If “heading” techniques are being taught,
take into consideration: the type of ball; the
number of repetitions; and distance involved.
S O C C E R
page 150
GG
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
SOFTBALL/ FASTBALL
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Aluminum bats with a
proper grip; fielders must
wear baseball gloves;
there must be a “safety”
base at first base; & bases
must be secured.
CSA-approved helmets
must be worn by batters,
base runners & on-deck
batters.
Helmets must have ear
flaps on both sides.
Catchers must wear
approved equipment.
Warm-up catchers must
wear a mask.
All equipment must be
kept out of the playing
area.
Middle Years -- Pitching
is restricted to slow pitch
or restricted-flight balls.
Use indoor balls [e.g.,
11” Softies/Incrediballs]
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
Suitable footwear and
clothing providing
unrestricted movement
must be worn.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed.
Outdoor note: Students
must bring suitable
protection against sun,
heat and insects.
Check MHSAA guidelines for uniforms at
Provincials.
FACILITIES
The playing area must
be free of debris and
obstructions; must
provide suitable footing;
must be level; and must
provide sufficient impact
absorption.
Backstops must be
checked for broken wire
prior to the game.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression. Games must be based on the
skills taught.
Players must be taught to drop or lay down
the bat after hitting -- not release it during
the follow through of the swing. To avoid the
danger of a slipped bat, non-fielding players
must stand well back of the batter’s box or
behind a screen or fence. [Always keep
fingers away from the screen.]
Entrance gates to the
playing field must be
closed at all times.
Appropriate sliding techniques must be taught
to minimize the risk of injury. There must be
no head-first sliding into a base other than
returning from a lead-off position.
The dugout must be
screened to protect the
players.
A conditioning program that encourages
flexibility, improved cardiovascular fitness &
pre-event warmup must be introduced.
If, in the opinion of the
umpire, after consultation with both coaches,
the field is deemed to be
unsafe for play, the game
will be re-scheduled.
Players throwing to warm up must do so away
from the playing area.
SUPERVISION
On site supervision is required.
An individual who takes responsibility for
providing first aid to injured students must
be present during the entire practice/
competition.
Middle Years -• No sliding is allowed.
• The back catcher must be a safe distance
behind home plate and must wear a mask.
• The catcher is not intended to catch the
pitch but rather to retrieve the ball.
• Teach batters to use a proper grip.
[Not cross-handed.]
S OF T BALL • F A S T B A L L
page
GG
151
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
TABLE TENNIS
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Regulation-size table
tennis paddles and balls
are required.
Tables and paddles must
be in good condition.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
FACILITIES
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
The following must be
worn:
Suitable footwear and
gym clothing providing
the student with unrestricted movement.
There must be room for
mobility around the
tables.
There must be a careful routine for
setting-up and dismantling the tables with
direct teacher supervision.
A smooth, level and dry
floor surface is required.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
The playing area must
be free of all obstacles.
Games must be based on the skills that are
taught.
SUPERVISION
In the area supervision is required during
play.
On site supervision is required during the set
up and dismantling of tables.
T A B L E
T E N N I S
page 152
GG
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
TEAM HANDBALL
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone must
be accessible.
Regulation team handball
nets must be safely stored
when not in use. Use indoor
nets that are padded or made
of plastic.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
FACILITIES
The playing area must be
free from debris and
obstructions and must
provide safe footing.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
Rules must be clearly outlined and enforced.
On site supervision is required.
Skills must be taught in the proper progression. Games
must be based on the skills taught.
An individual who takes
responsibility for providing first
aid to injured students must be
present during the entire
practice/competition.
Middle Years -- Activities and rules must be modified based
on the age and ability of students and the facilities/
equipment which are available.
Ball hockey nets can also be
used as goals.
Middle Years -• Use a “nerf” soccer ball,
soft utility ball, or soft
volleyball. [6” size is the best
choice.]
• Use ball hockey nets or
pylons.
TEAM HANDBALL
Page 153
GG
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
TRACK AND FIELD
DISCUS
[Not recommended for Middle Years]
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Wood, metal and rubber
disci must be of a size
appropriate for the age,
sex and physical
maturity of the student.
The discus must not be
cracked, chipped or
otherwise damaged and
must be checked
regularly.
Supply a towel/rag to dry
the discus.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
FACILITIES
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
The following must
be worn: Suitable
footwear and gym
clothing providing
the student with
unrestricted
movement.
The throwing area must
be free of obstacles and
completely closed to
traffic. [No other activity
must be located in the
area where discus is
taking place.]
Skills must be taught in the proper progression
[e.g., from standing to turning technique].
Constant visual supervision is
required.
Throwers-only are allowed to have a discus.
Jewellery representing a safety concern
must be removed. If
not removable, it
must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification,
religious/cultural
jewellery]. Eyewear
may need to be
removed or secured.
The landing area must
be well marked and void
of people during the
activity.
Instruction must be given in safety prior to practice.
Following initial skill instruction and after all safety
concerns have been emphasized, on-site supervision is
appropriate.
SUPERVISION
Establish and ensure safe throwing and retrieving
procedures.
Where a protective screen is not in place, students and
spectators must be in a designated area a minimum of 5
metres behind the thrower.
The discus circle/area
must be behind a safety
fence or cage and must
provide safe footing.
The head coach must demonstrate knowledge of the event to
the principal or designate.
Coaching expertise for the head
coach must be derived from at
least one of the following:
• NCCP Level One Technical in
Track and Field - Throws;
• attendance at a track and
field clinic or workshop
within the last 3 years;
• past experience as an athlete
or coach in the sport.
Outdoor note:
Students must
bring suitable
protection against
sun, heat and
insects.
Prepare an emergency action
plan for this activity.
[Check Appendix D.]
Check MHSAA
guidelines for
uniforms at
Provincials.
T R A C K
&
F I E L D
–
D I S C U S
page 154
GG
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
TRACK AND FIELD
HIGH JUMP
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Standard utility mats
must be placed [secured
and with no gaps]
around the landing
surface which must be
appropriate for the age,
size and skill level of the
students. Minimum mat
size is a single 1.5 m x 3
m x 50 cm [5' x 10' x
20"] mat for secondary
students doing back
layout technique.
Regularly check bamboo
and/or fiberglass poles for
cracks. [Bamboo poles
must be completely
wrapped with tape.]
Weighted rope or elastic
may be used for practice.
Middle Years - Include
5.1 cm. [2”] thick Velcro
mats around the pit area
with no gaps.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be
worn:
Suitable footwear and
gym clothing providing
the student with
unrestricted movement.
No bare feet or socks
without shoes are
allowed.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
FACILITIES
The indoor and outdoor
approach-area must be
clear, smooth, dry and
traffic-free.
Check pits regularly for
damage. Two jumping
pits used side by side
must be of the same
thickness and
compaction rating. The
two mats must be
secured/attached/covered
to avoid landing in
bewteen them.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
Bar monitors must stay in front and to the
side of standards at all times.
Constant visual supervision is required for
initial skill instruction.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
Following initial skill instruction and after
all safety concerns have been emphasized, on
site supervision is appropriate.
Ensure that landing mats and Velcro mats are
firmly secured and do not slide upon impact.
The head coach must demonstrate
knowledge of the event to the principal or
designate.
Middle Years •If the students are using the “flop style”,
encourage them to take off closer to the
nearest upright on their approach.
• Stress a short, controlled approach [e.g.between three and nine steps].
Coaching expertise for the head coach must
be derived from at least one of the following:
• NCCP Level One Technical in Track and
Field - Jumps;
• attendance at a track and field clinic or
workshop within the last three years;
• past experience as an athlete or coach in
the sport.
For indoor jumping,
ensure that the floor
provides a suitable
surface to prevent
slipping.
Prepare an emergency action plan for this
activity. [Check Appendix D.]
Outdoor note: Students
must bring suitable
protection against sun,
heat and insects.
An individual who takes responsibility for
providing first aid to injured students must be
present during the entire practice/ competition.
Check MHSAA guidelines
for uniforms at
Provincials.
T R A C K
&
F I E L D
–
H I G H
J U M P
page 155
GG
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
TRACK AND FIELD
HURDLES
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Check for safety of
hurdles [e.g., stable, no
splinters, cracks or other
hazards].
Modify hurdle height and
distance to accommodate
age, height and ability.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
Suitable gym clothing
and footwear must be
worn.
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection
against sun, heat and
insects.
FACILITIES
The activity must be
conducted in an
appropriate area which
provides a clear, flat
surface.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
Instruct students how to set up hurdles so that
knocked hurdles will not resist hurdler’s fall.
Constant visual supervision is required for
initial skill instruction.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
Following initial skill instruction and after
all safety concerns have been emphasized,
on-site supervision is appropriate.
An individual who takes responsibility for
providing first aid to injured students must be
present during the entire practice/competition.
Check MHSAA guidelines
for uniforms at
Provincials.
T R A C K
A N D
F I E L D
/
H U R D L E S
p a g e
156
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
TRACK AND FIELD
JAVELIN
Javelin is not recommended in the Middle years [Recommend Ball throw substitute for Middle years]
EQUIPMENT
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Suitable clothing and
footwear must be worn.
Javelin must be of a size
appropriate for the age
and sex of the student.
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection
against sun, heat and
insects.
Javelin must not be
cracked, bent or otherwise
damaged and should be
checked regularly.
Check MHSAA guidelines
for uniforms at
Provincials.
FACILITIES
The throwing area must
be free of obstacles and
completely closed to
traffic. [No other activity
should be located in the
area where javelin is
taking place].
The landing area must
be well marked and void
of people during the
activity.
The run up area must
provide safe footing.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
Skills must be taught in proper progression.
Javelins must be transported safely to and
from practice/competition area, i.e. the javelin
must point downwards and not be carried on
or over the shoulder.
Where a protective screen is not in place,
students and spectators must be in a designated area a minimum of 5 metres behind
thrower.
Establish and ensure safe throwing and
retrieving procedures.
Instruction must be given in safety prior to
practice.
Javelin must take place only when precautions
are in place to ensure the safety of all students.
Care should be taken when throwing in
extreme crosswinds.
Constant visual supervision is required for
initial skill instruction.
Following initial skill instruction and after
all safety concerns have been emphasized,
on-site supervision is appropriate.
Head coach must demonstrate knowledge of
event to principal or designate.
Coaching expertise for the head coach
derived from at least one of the following:
• NCCP Level One Technical in Track and
Field - Throws;
• attendance at a track and field clinic or
workshop within the last three years;
• past experience as an athlete or coach in
that sport.
Prepare an emergency action plan for this
activity.
[Check Appendix D.]
An individual who takes responsibility for
providing first aid to injured students must be
present during the entire practice/competition.
T R A C K
A N D
F I E L D
-
J A V E L I N
p a g e
157
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
TRACK AND FIELD
POLE VAULT
Pole vault is not recommended in the Middle years
EQUIPMENT
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Suitable footwear and
clothing must be worn.
Poles must be approved
as specified by the
International Athletic
Federation [IAAF].
5 mm spikes may be
worn.
Landing pits must be
specific to pole vaulting
as specified by the
International Athletic
Federation [IAAF].
Poles must be appropriate
to the weight of the
athlete. [Bamboo poles
must be totally wrapped
with tape before use.]
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection
against sun, heat and
insects.
Check MHSAA guidelines
for uniforms at
Provincials.
FACILITIES
Vaulting chute must be
solid and free from
cracks, or splinters.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
SUPERVISION
Constant visual supervision is required.
The head coach must demonstrate
knowledge of the event to the principal or
designate.
Run-up area must be
sectioned off and must
prevent other
participants from
interfering with the
competitor in progress.
Coaching expertise for the head coach must
be derived from at least one of the following:
• NCCP Level One Technical in Track and
Field - Jumps;
• attendance at a track and field clinic or
workshop within the last three years;
• past experience as an athlete or coach in
the sport.
Approach must be clear
of obstacles, clean and
free of puddles.
Prepare an emergency action plan for this
activity. [Check Appendix D.]
An individual who takes responsibility for
providing first aid to injured students must be
present during the entire practice/
competition.
Standards must be secure
and vertical.
Weighted rope or elastic
may be used rather than
a crossbar, for practice.
Check bamboo and/or
fibreglass poles for cracks
regularly.
T R A C K
A N D
F I E L D
-
P O L E V A U L T
p a g e 1 5 8
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
TRACK AND FIELD
SHOT PUT
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Only shots designed for
indoor use can be used in
the indoor program.
Shot must be of
appropriate size and
weight for the age and
strength of the students.
Supply a towel/rag to dry
the shot.
Middle years Soft balls are an
appropriate substitute for
practice purposes and are
thrown, not put.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be
worn:
Suitable footwear
providing good support,
and gym clothing
providing the student
with unrestricted
movement.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
FACILITIES
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
The putting circle must
provide safe footing.
There must be only one specified putting
direction, completely free of traffic.
Constant visual supervision is required for
initial skill instruction.
The landing area must be
well marked and void of
people during the activity.
Establish safe routines for putting and
retrieving shots.
Following initial skill instruction and after
all safety concerns have been emphasized,
on-site supervision is appropriate.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
Establish a safe routine for transporting shots
to and from the throwing area.
Where a protective screen is not in place,
students and spectators must be in a designated area a minimum of 5 metres behind
the toe line.
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection
against sun, heat and
insects.
The head coach must demonstrate
knowledge of the event to the principal or
designate.
Coaching expertise for the head coach must
be derived from at least one of the following:
• NCCP Level One Technical in Track and
Field - Throws;
• attendance at a track and field clinic or
workshop within the last three years;
• past experience as an athlete or coach in
the sport.
Prepare an emergency action plan for this
activity. [Check Appendix D.]
An individual who takes responsibility for
providing first aid to injured students must
be present during the entire practice/
competition.
Check MHSAA guidelines
for uniforms at
Provincials.
T R A C K
&
F I E L D
–
S H O T
P U T
page 159
GG
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
TRACK EVENTS
SPRINTS, 400M, 800M, 1500M, 3000M, RELAYS
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Plastic or aluminum
relay batons should be
used.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be
worn: Suitable footwear
and gym clothing
providing the student
with unrestricted
movement. [Bare feet are
not allowed; and spike
length depends on the
track surface.]
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
FACILITIES
The activity area must be free
of debris and obstructions;
must provide suitable
footing; and must be well
removed from traffic, with
boundaries clearly identified.
All tracks must be inspected
annually and maintained as
necessary.
“Blacktop” strips and open
fields may be used if these
areas are suitable, smooth,
clean, level and provide safe
footing.
Run-out areas must be in
place for all running events.
SUPERVISION
In the area supervision is
required.
Skills must be taught in the proper progression.
For distance running: The length of route must be appropriate
for the age and ability level of the participants. Also take into
account:
• the temperature of the day,
• previous training and length of preparation.
Indoor running and use of hallways: No running will take
place where there are glass doors or showcases. Position a
safety barrier in front of doors. Put pylons at stop points and
designate a slow down zone of 10 m or more. All classroom
doors that open out have to be secured open, flush with hall
wall.
Middle Years -- Parent permission forms must be completed if
the students are leaving the school grounds.
Outdoor note: Students
must bring suitable
protection against sun,
heat and insects.
Where school hallways or stairways are used for training
purposes, appropriate safety measures must be in place:
• side doors must not open into the running area;
• hallway protrusions must be clearly marked;
• inform school community of times and locations of indoor
practices;
• hall double doors have to be secured open;
• monitors must be positioned at corners;
• floor surface must be dry and provide good footing.
Check MHSAA guidelines
for uniforms at
Provincials.
Middle years • Proper warm-up and cool-down periods must be included in
all practices and competitions.
Middle Years -- Spikes or
turf shoes of any kind
must not be worn.
T R A C K
E V E N T S
/
S P R I N T S ,
When running distances,
students may be
temporarily out of sight.
They should run in pairs or
groups.
Middle Years -• In the area supervision is
required for middle
distances [400 m, 800 m, &
1500 m].
• On site supervision is
required for sprints and
relays.
An individual who takes
responsibility for providing
first aid to injured students
must be present during the
entire practice/competition.
R E L A Y
page 160
GG
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
TRACK AND FIELD
TRIPLE JUMP, LONG JUMP
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
A sand pit and runway
with a level surface are
required.
A rake is required,
as well as a shovel or
spade.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must be
worn:
Suitable footwear and
gym clothing providing
the student with
unrestricted movement.
Spike length will depend
on the track surface.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
FACILITIES
Pits must be situated away from high
traffic areas and other activity sites,
[e.g.- ball diamonds].
Refrain from jumping if there are slippery conditions.
The pit must be a minimum width of
1.8 m and must be long enough to
accommodate the longest jumper.
There must be a minimum of 0.50 m
between the take-off board and the
front edge of the pit.
Establish a procedure to initiate jumping,
e.g. remove a cone from the take-off board when ready.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not removable, it must be taped -[e.g., medical alert
identification, religious/
cultural jewellery].
Eyewear may need to be
removed or secured.
Outdoor note: Students
must bring suitable
protection against sun,
heat and insects.
Check MHSAA guidelines
for uniforms at
Provincials.
Skills must be taught in the proper progression.
Runway must be free from water
puddles.
Train students to be rakers. As part of training, include
rules such as:
• remove rake before next competitor begins
approach;
• begin raking after competitor is out of pit;
• rake sand into the middle as opposed to out to the
sides;
• ensure that spectators and participants stay back
from pit and runway.
Pit must be filled with sand in
accordance with International
Athletic Federation [IAAF] rules [30
cm].
Middle years • Skills must be taught in a develomental sequence
[e.g.- short five-step approach, building up to the
15-17 step approach].
No bare feet are allowed.
Keep rakes, shovels and
spades away from the pit
and run-up area when
they are not in use.
SUPERVISION
Dig the pit at least once a season and
after any heavy rainfall.
Constant visual supervision
is required during the
initial lessons.
On site supervision is
required after the skills
have been taught.
An individual who takes
responsibility for providing
first aid to injured students
must be present during the
entire practice/
competition.
Ensure that the landing area is well
raked and free of foreign objects.
Ensure that the take-off area is firm
and flat and swept if “blacktop”.
Boards must be level and firmly
attached.
TRACK
&
FIELD
/
TRIPLE
JUMP
•
LONG
JUMP
page 161
GG
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
ULTIMATE
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone must
be accessible.
The disc must be
commensurate with the ability
level of the students and the
wind condition of the day e.g., soft [cloth] disc, heavy
discs.
Discs must be inspected for
cracks or spurs.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
FACILITIES
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
The following must
be worn:
Suitable footwear
and gym clothing
providing the
student with
unrestricted
movement.
The playing area must be
free of debris and
obstructions; must
provide suitable footing;
and must be well removed
from traffic, with
boundaries clearly
identified.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
No metal cleats may
be worn.
Goal posts should be
padded if they are in the
field of play.
No body contact is allowed.
Jewellery
representing a safety
concern must be
removed. If not
removable, it must
be taped -- [e.g.,
medical alert
identification,
religious/cultural
jewellery]. Eyewear
may need to be
removed or secured.
The game activities must be based on the skills
that are taught and on the wind conditions.
Wind conditions must also be taken into
account when planning skill-teaching.
SUPERVISION
On site supervision is required for the initial
instruction, followed by in the area
supervision.
An individual who takes responsibility for
providing first aid to injured students must
be present during the entire practice/
competition.
For indoor activity: keep
the gym free of hazards
[e.g., tables, chairs,
pianos].
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection
against sun, heat
and insects.
U L T I M A T E
page 162
GG
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
VOLLEYBALL
EQUIPMENT
A first aid kit and phone must
be accessible.
Poles must be safely stored
when not in use.
Nets must not have any
exposed wires along the top or
frayed wires along the poles.
It is suggested that wires
attaching the poles to the floor
should NOT be used.
Only use leather or
synthetic-leather volleyballtype balls.
Middle years -Select a ball commensurate
with the skill level of the
students.
There must be padding around
the poles, including cranks and
supports, from the floor up to
the bottom of the net.
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
The following must
be worn:
Suitable footwear
and gym clothing
providing the
student with
unrestricted
movement.
Jewellery
representing a safety
concern must be
removed. If not
removable, it must
be taped -- [e.g.,
medical alert
identification,
religious/cultural
jewellery]. Eyewear
may need to be
removed or secured.
Outdoor note:
Students must bring
suitable protection
against sun, heat
and insects.
FACILITIES
When the volleyball poles
are removed, the floor
plugs must be replaced.
The playing surface and
surrounding areas must
be free of all obstacles.
The playing surface must
provide good traction.
Outdoor volleyball courts
must provide safe footing.
Beach volleyball courts
must have a sufficient
amount of sand so that
there are no bare patches
or hard dirt areas.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression.
Do not allow the students to climb up the pole
to attach the net.
Athletes must be instructed in the safe and
correct method of setting up nets.
Middle years • Game activities must be based on the skills
that are taught.
•Drills must be organized so that the risk of
being hit by an errant ball is minimized.
• Activities/rules must be modified according
to the age of the participants.
• Court size; team size; ball size; net height,
must all be modified according to age,height
and ability.
SUPERVISION
On site supervision is required during the
initial lessons during setting up and taking
down of the equipment.
In the area supervision is required after the
skills have been taught.
Middle Years -- Constant visual supervision
is required if the students are setting up and
putting away the volleyball poles.
An individual who takes responsibility for
providing first aid to injured students must
be present during the entire practice/
competition.
Antennae must be flush
with the bottom of the
net.
Poles must be outside the
court boundary.
Check MHSAA
guidelines for
uniforms at
Provincials
V O L L E Y B A L L
page 163
GG
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
WEIGHTLIFTING
EQUIPMENT
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Suitable clothing and
footwear must be worn.
All equipment must be
regularly inspected and
maintained as necessary.
FACILITIES
The weight room must
be locked when
unsupervised.
The floor below free
weight activities must
provide sufficient
traction.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
SUPERVISION
All athletes must be instructed in the proper
lifting techniques and safety procedures.
On-site supervision is required for initial use
of free weights and weight machines.
Free weight plates must be secured in place
before using.
In-the-area supervision is required for use of
weight machines and free weights, following
instructions on safe use.
Coaches must monitor increases in weight
programming.
A system of safety spotting must be in place
[e.g., work out in pairs].
The head coach must demonstrate
knowledge of sport, skills and strategies to the
principal or designate.
Coaching expertise for the head coach must
be derived from at least one of the following:
• NCCP Level One Technical or equivalent;
• attendance at a weight lifting clinic or
workshop within the last three years;
• past experience as an athlete or coach in
the sport.
An individual who takes responsibility for
providing first aid to injured students must be
present during the entire practice/competition.
W E I G H T L I F T I N G
p a g e 164
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
WRESTLING
EQUIPMENT
CLOTHING/
FOOTWEAR
A first aid kit and phone
must be accessible.
Suitable clothing must
be worn.
Wrestling mats or general
utility mats must be used:
• ensolite 3.8 cm
[1 1/2”];
• trocellen 5.1 cm
[2”];
• ethefoam 3.8 cm
[1 1/2”];
• sarneige 3.8 cm
[1 1/2”];
• mats of equivalent
compaction rating.
Jewellery representing a
safety concern must be
removed. If not
removable, it must be
taped -- [e.g., medical
alert identification,
religious/cultural
jewellery].
Mats must be attached
together or aligned so
separation does not occur.
No bare feet.
Wrestlers with orthodontic
devices must wear
appropriate mouth
protection.
Eyeglasses are not to be
worn in wrestling.
Wrestling shoes or
appropriate footwear [no
sharp edges, lace tips,
etc].
FACILITIES
Mat surfaces must be
checked regularly for
irregularities and
cleaned prior to use.
The area surrounding
the mats must be free of
obstruction/hazards.
Allow suitable clearance
from the edge of the
wrestling area to the
surrounding walls or if
clearance from the mat
surface is less than 2 m
[6’ 6”], walls must be
padded.
SPECIAL RULES/
INSTRUCTION
Athletes must wrestle with partners of similar
weight and/or strength.
Warm-up activities must emphasize
conditioning and flexibility.
Skills must be taught in the proper
progression, and rules and illegal moves must
be outlined.
Students may referee under the supervision of
the coach in practice or competition.
Fingernails must be closely trimmed; full or
no facial hair permitted; and wrestlers with
communicable skin conditions must not
participate. Universal precautions [e.g., using
impermeable gloves, see Appendix K] must be
followed when dealing with situations
involving blood and other bodily fluids.
The benefits of headgear, and the hazards of
improper eating practices and severe weight
loss techniques must be outlined to the
student athletes.
SUPERVISION
On site supervision is required.
The head coach must demonstrate
knowledge of sport, skills and strategies to the
principal or designate.
Coaching expertise for the head coach must
be derived from at least one of the following:
• NCCP Level One Technical in Wrestling;
• attendance at a wrestling clinic or
workshop within the last three years;
• past experience as a competitor or coach
in the sport.
Prepare an emergency action plan for this
activity. [Check Appendix D.]
An individual who takes responsibility for
providing first aid to injured students must be
present during the entire practice/
competition.
Middle years •When wrestling an opponent, there must be
a maximum time limit of two minutes per
round and one to two rounds per match
with a 30 sec. break in between each round.
Senior Years • When wrestling an opponent, there must
be a maximum time limit of two mins per
round and three rounds per match (3-2 min
rounds) with a 30 sec. break in between each
round in accordance with national level.
W R E S T L I N G
p a g e 165
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
APPENDIX
.
Appendix A - Sample letters to Parents/Guardians.......................................................... 167 - 169
Appendix B - First Aid Kit Contents............................................................................................... 170
Appendix C - Universal precautions re blood, etc ........................................................................ 171
Appendix D - Emergency action plans............................................................................. 172 & 173
Appendix E - Safety in Activity Rooms.......................................................................................... 174
Appendix F - Safety Checklists/gymnasium facilities ..................................................... 175 & 176
Appendix G - Safety Checklists/gymnasium equipment............ ..................................... 177 & 178
Appendix H - Safety Checklists/gymnastics equipment................ ...................................... 179 - 181
Appendix I - Safety Checklists/ outside facilities ......................... ................................... 182 & 183
Appendix J - Lifting, lowering, transporting, etc ......................... ................................... 184 & 185
Appendix K - Safety in weight rooms ......................... .................................................................. 186
Appendix L - Sample request to resume athletic participation ......................... .......................... 187
Appendix M - Sample field safety checklist......................... .......................................................... 188
Appendix N - Sample coach’s planner .......................................................................................... 189
Appendix O - Suggested criteria for non-teacher coaches ......................... .................................. 190
Appendix P - Sample volunteer coaching application form ........................................... 191 & 192
Appendix Q - Rules of behavior for participants ......................... .................................... 193 & 194
Appendix R - Coaching expectations ......................... .................................................................. 195
Appendix S - Sample waiver forms/letters of consent ......................... .......................................196
Appendix T - Interscholastic athletic participation form ......................... ....................... 199 & 200
A P P E N D I X
page 166
Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
APPENDIX A
SAMPLE LETTER TO PARENTS/GUARDIANS:
Dear Parent/Guardian:
Vigorous physical activity is essential for normal, healthy growth and development. Growing bones and muscles require not only good nutrition, but also the stimulation of vigorous physical activity. Active participation in games, fitness
activities, dance, gymnastics and outdoor pursuits provides opportunities for the students to gain the confidence necessary to pursue a physically active lifestyle. Physical education programs provide opportunities for the students to
experience the fitness feeling and to help them understand and make decisions regarding personal fitness and the value of physical activity in their daily lives.
Individual schools should highlight various curricular Physical Education topics and identify unique programs which take students into the immediate community [e.g.- in-class cross
country running and skating are important components of the physical education program]. This does not include downhill skiing etc. which are bus trips requiring parent consent
forms. Please be advised that these activities will take your child off the school grounds. Supervision will be provided.
Schools should identify examples of intramural activities which may be offered to the students during the school year.
ELEMENTS OF RISK NOTICE
The risk of injury exists in every athletic activity. However, due to the very nature of some activities, the risk of injury may increase. Injuries may range from minor sprains and strains to more serious injuries.
The safety and well being of students is a prime concern and attempts are made to manage as effectively as possible, the foreseeable risks inherent in physical activity.
It is important that your child participate safely and comfortably in the physical education program. In your child’s best interests, we recommend the following:
a) an annual medical examination
b) appropriate attire for safe participation, as prescribed by the teacher. Hanging jewelry must not be worn. Jewelry which cannot be removed and which presents a safety concern must be taped
c) the use of an eyeglass strap and/or shatterproof lens if your child wears glasses which cannot be removed during physical education classes
d) the wearing of sun protection [sunscreen and/or hat] for all outdoor activities, where necessary
e) safety inspection at home of any equipment brought to school for class use [e.g., skis, skates, helmets]
Please complete the attached Medical Information Form and have your child return it to his/her teacher. If further information is needed, please contact the Physical Education and Health Education Department Head.
MEDICAL INFORMATION FORM
Name of Student___________________________________________________
Course___________________
Teacher__________________________________________________
I would like to inform the school about these facts pertaining to my child’s physical/medical condition related to his/her participation in Physical Education Curricular and Intramural Programs.
1. Please indicate if your son/daughter/ward has been subject to any of the following and provide pertinent details: epilepsy, diabetes, orthopedic problems, heart disorders, asthma, allergies. _____________________________
head or back conditions or injuries (in the past two years): ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________
arthritis or rheumatism; chronic nosebleeds; dizziness; fainting; headaches; dislocated shoulder; hernia; swollen, hyper mobile or painful joints; trick or lock knee: ____________________________________________
2. What medication(s) should the participant have on hand during the sport activity? _______________________________________________________________________________________________
Who should administer the medication? __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
3. Does your son/daughter/ward wear a medic alert bracelet ________ neck chain ________ or carry a medic alert card? ___________________________________________________________________
If yes, please specify what is written on it: _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
4. Does your son/daughter/ward wear eyeglasses?________________ contact lenses?____________________
5. Any other relevant medical condition that will require modification of the program: ______________________________________________________________________________________________
In signing this form, I acknowledge the element of risk information noted above. Student Signature:
___________________________________________________ Date:________________________
Parent/Guardian Signature:___________________________________________________ Date:________________________
PLEASE NOTE: FREEDOM OF INFORMATION The information provided on this form is collected pursuant to the Board’s education responsibilities as set out in
the Education Act and its regulations. This information is protected under the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act and will be utilized only for
the purposes related to the Board’s Policy on Risk Management. Any questions with respect to this information should be directed to your school principal.
A P P E N D I X
A
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APPENDIX A [cont]
INTERSCHOLASTIC ATHLETIC PARTICIPATION FORM
This form is to be completed on behalf of a student who wishes to participate in interschool sports and returned to the coach prior to the students’ first
practice.
STUDENT NAME ____________________________________________________________
SCHOOL ________________________________________________________________
HOME ADDRESS ____________________________________________________________
POSTAL CODE ____________________________________________________________
HOME PHONE # ____________________________________________________________
HEALTH CARD NO. [6 digit #]-____________________[9 digit #]- _______________________
PARENT/ GUARDIAN _________________________________________________________
WORK PHONE # ___________________________________________________________
STUDENT’S PHYSICIAN _______________________________________________________
PHONE # _______________________________________________________________
EMERGENCY CONTACT NAME ___________________________________________________
PHONE # _______________________________________________________________
NOTE: An annual medical examination is recommended
MEDICAL INFORMATION
1.
Date of last complete medical examination:________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
2.
Date of last tetanus immunization: ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
3.
Is your son/daughter/ward allergic to any drugs, foods or medication/other? Yes ________
4.
Does your son/daughter/ward take any prescription drugs?
5.
What medication(s) should the participant have on hand during the sport activity?______________________________________________________________________________________________
6.
Does your son/daughter/ward wear a medical alert bracelet ________,
7.
Does your son/daughter/ward wear eyeglasses? Yes ________
8.
Please indicate if your son/daughter/ward has been subject to any of the following and provide pertinent details:
Yes ________
No________ If yes, provide details: ___________________________________________________________
No ________ If yes, provide details: ____________________________________________________________________
Who should administer the medication? ____________________________
neck chain ________
or carry a medical alert card? Yes ________
No ________
If yes, please specify what is written on it: ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
No ________
contact lenses? Yes ________
No ________
epilepsy, diabetes, orthopedic problems, deaf, hard of hearing, asthma, allergies ________________________________________________________________________________________________
head or back injury (in the past two years), please specify- _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________
arthritis or rheumatism, chronic nosebleeds; dizziness; fainting; headaches; hernia; swollen or hyper mobile joints, trick or lock knee: _____________________________________________________________
Any other medical information that will limit participation? ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________
9.
Should your son/daughter/ward sustain an injury or contact an illness requiring medical attention during the competitive season, notify the coach and complete the “Request to Resume Athletic Participation Form”, if applicable.
10. MEDICAL SERVICES AUTHORIZATION (Optional)
In case of emergency medical or hospital services being required by the above listed participant, and with the understanding that every reasonable effort will be made by the school/hospital to contact me, my signature on this form
authorizes medical personnel and/or hospital to administer medical and/or surgical services including anesthesia and drugs. I understand that any cost will be my responsibility.
SIGNATURE OF PARENT/GUARDIAN ______________________________________________________________
DATE: ______________________
A P P E N D I X A [c o n t]
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APPENDIX A
continued
STUDENT ACCIDENT INSURANCE NOTICE
The (name of School Board) does not provide any accidental death, disability, dismemberment/medical/dental expenses insurance on behalf of the students participating in the activity. For coverage of injuries, you
are encouraged to consider the Student Accident Insurance Plan made available by the school to parents at the beginning and throughout the school year.
“School/Board student procedure/expectation may be included here.”
TRANSPORTATION INSURANCE NOTICE
“Include your specific Transportation Policy in this space”
ELEMENTS OF RISK NOTICE
The risk of injury exists in every athletic activity. Falls, collisions and other incidents may occur and cause injury. Due to the very nature of some activities, injuries may range from minor sprains and strains to more
serious injuries affecting the head, neck or back. Some injuries can lead to paralysis or prove to be life-threatening. These injuries result from the nature of the activity and can occur without fault on either the part
of the student, or the school board or its employees or agents or the facility where the activity is taking place. Activities that are identified as having the potential for more serious consequences are: Alpine skiing,
snowboarding, broomball, cheerleading (acrobatic), field hockey, field lacrosse, gymnastics, ice hockey, ringette (ice), swimming, track and field - field events: high jump, shot-put, water polo and wrestling. By
choosing to participate in the activity, you are assuming the risk of an injury occurring. The chances of an injury occurring can be reduced by carefully following instructions at all times while engaged in the
activity. The (name of School Board) attempts to manage as effectively as possible the risk involved for students while participating in school athletics.
ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF RISKS/REQUEST TO PARTICIPATE/INFORMED CONSENT AGREEMENT
I/We have read and understand the notices of accident insurance, transportation insurance and elements of risk.
I/We hereby acknowledge and accept the risk inherent in the requested activity and assume responsibility for my son/daughter for personal health, medical, dental and accident insurance coverages.
I/We request my son/daughter/ward to participate on the ______________________________________ team during the _____________________ school year.
(Sport)
I/We agree that (name of School Board) or its employees, servants or agents shall not be liable for any injury to my son/daughter/ward or loss or damage to personal property arising from, or in any way resulting
from participation in the above listed activities.
Signature of Parent/Guardian ____________________________________________________________ Date ___________________________
FREEDOM OF INFORMATION NOTICE
The information provided on this form is collected pursuant to the Board’s education responsibilities as set out in the Education Act and its regulations. This information is protected under the Freedom of
Information and Protection of Privacy Act and will be utilized only for the purposes related to the Board’s policy on Risk Management for Interschool Athletics. Any questions with respect to this information
should be directed to your school principal.
A P P E N D I X A [c o n t ]
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APPENDIX B
ATHLETIC ACTIVITIES
FIRST AID KIT CONTENTS
In-School Kit Contents:
Sample Portable Off-Site Kit Contents
The following are first aid kit contents that are to be included in a first aid station accessible to the gymnasium.
a. scissors
1 pair of universal scissors
1 splinter tweezers
b. bandages/dressings/tape
48 adhesive bandages, individually wrapped
2 rolls of adhesive tape, 1 1/2 inch wide
12 rolls of 1 inch gauze bandage
48 sterile gauze pads, 3 inches square
8 rolls of 2 inch gauze bandage
8 rolls of 4 inch gauze bandage individually wrapped
6 sterile surgical pads suitable for pressure dressings, individually wrapped
12 triangular bandages
splints of assorted sizes
2 rolls of splint padding
6 steri-strips [butterfly wound closures]
c. ice
1 rubber ice bag or plastic bags and accessibility to ice or frozen gel pack [if approved for use]
a. scissors
1 pair Universal scissors
1 splinter tweezers
b. bandages/dressings/tape
12 adhesive bandages
1 adhesive tape [1 1/2 inch x 5 yds]
1 gauze bandage [2" x 5 yds]
3 sterile gauze pads [3" x 3"]
2 triangular bandages
1 sterile surgical pad suitable for pressure dressing, individually wrapped
3 steri-strips [butterfly wound closures]
c. ice
1 Ziplock bag for ice [9" x 12"] and accessibility to ice
2 “instant cold packs” [if approved for use]
d. other
5 antiseptic towelettes [if approved for use]
1 pocket first aid manual
1 tensor bandage [2"]
1 tensor bandage 4"]
2 pairs disposable gloves
telephone numbers & coins [taped to the inside of the box cover]
pen & paper, or accident report form
CPR mask
other items should be considered, as determined by the nature of the
activity [e.g., lotions for insect bites and/or rashes, eye wash kit, etc.]
d. other
1 St. John Ambulance emergency first aid book [small]
15 antiseptic towelettes [if approved for use]
24 safety pins [small and large]
telephone numbers [taped to the inside of the box cover]
1 basin, preferably stainless steel
6 pair disposable gloves
2 tensors 2"
2 tensors 4"
1 blanket accessible
CPR mask
[Reference: Sports Injury Prevention and Care Program]
Note: Prior to students participating in any field trips or off-site activities, the teacher must be aware of their medical background & physical limitations. [see page 4]
A P P E N D I X
B
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Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
Intramural
APPENDIX C
UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS RE:
BLOOD AND BODILY FLUIDS
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Use impermeable gloves if blood or body fluids containing visible blood are anticipated.
Stop the bleeding, cover the wound and change the uniform if contaminated with excessive amounts of blood.
Wash hands and skin after contact with blood.
Clean any surfaces or equipment with appropriate disinfectant and clean clothes or skin with soap and water or an appropriate antiseptic.
Use proper disposal procedures for contaminated clothing and equipment.
Use a ventilation device for emergency resuscitation.
Avoid direct contact patient care if you have an open skin condition.
Follow accepted guidelines for control of bleeding and for any body fluids containing visible blood.
Encourage all participants to use individual water bottles.
A P P E N D I X C
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APPENDIX D
EMERGENCY ACTION PLAN:
Emergency Action Plan (page 173) has been removed.
Refer to page 36 to 40 (Emergency Procedures and Reporting)
in YouthSafe Manitoba: School Field Trip Resource, Safety First section
SAMPLE EMERGENCY ACTION PLAN
You should know the following information:
1) location and access to the first-aid kit
2) location and access to a telephone
3) telephone number of emergency services [with info card taped next to the phone]
4) know directions and best access routes to hospital [with info card taped next to the phone]
5) a suitable means of transportation is available
6) what staff member is qualified to assist [CPR, etc.]
When an injury occurs:
1) Initially, when coming in contact with the injured student, take control and assess the situation.
2) Keep in mind Cardinal Rule of Injury Care: “Cause no further harm”
DO NOT MOVE THE INJURED STUDENT.
IF A STUDENT CANNOT START A MOVEMENT BY HIMSELF/HERSELF, DO NOT MOVE THE BODY PART FOR HIM/HER.
3) Instruct any bystanders to leave the injured student alone.
A P P E N D I X
D
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Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
APPENDIX E
SAFETY IN ACTIVITY ROOMS:
[non gymnasiums used for physical activities, such as fitness room/weight room,
concourse, church hall, empty classroom, cafeteria, stage, school basement, etc.]
When using an activity room for physical education instruction, the following recommendations should be implemented:
1) An activity room is best suited for activities which have a controlled amount of activity such as aerobics, mat work, fitness stations, skipping, wrestling, dance, etc. Avoid ball throwing for
distance, dodgeball-type games and games which are “action packed” and go end to end [e.g., tag, soccer, floor hockey].
2) In game activities, implement the “no body contact” rule.
3) Limit the number of participants in an activity room for physical education classes in order that safety is not jeopardized.
4) If the activity room is in an open area, student traffic should go around, not through the class.
5) Structure drills to provide as much organization as possible.
6) Caution students not to throw objects against the ceiling, thereby knocking down tiles, dust, lights etc.
7) Try to keep activity away from drinking fountains, stage steps, trophy cases etc. Centre all activities to allow for a “safety zone” of at least one metre around the perimeter. Mark out the
area, if possible, with cones.
8) Precautions are needed to guard against doors opening into the playing area.
9) Do not allow students to be involved in an activity that requires constant visual supervision or on site supervision while the teacher goes to the gym or to a storage area to get equipment.
10) Check to ensure floor surface is conducive to activity [e.g., not slippery from water or dirt] and equipment/furniture is not in the way of activity.
A P P E N D I X
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APPENDIX F
SAFETY CHECK LIST GYMNASIUM FACILITIES
Each school is to develop a procedure for regular inspection with appropriate follow-up. This form could be used.
SITE NAME:________________________________________________________________
Inspection date: ______________________________ Time: __________________________ Inspected By: __________________________________________
INSPECT FOR:
MEETS SAFE GUIDELINES
YES
NO
COMMENT/FOLLOW UP ACTION
GYMNASIUM SPACE
• free of “stored” furniture/boxes/equipment along perimeter walls & corners
FLOORS
• clean and dry
• provides for safe foot traction
• clear of objects which may cause tripping/slipping
• floor sockets covered and flush with floor
• floor plates secure in floor, hooks and plate in good condition and flush with floor
ENTRANCES/EXITS
• free of obstructions
• no door knobs, protruding handles on gym side of door
• doors open away from gym area
STAIRS
• clear of obstacles
• stair treads in good condition
• railings secure
• free of protruding nails, cracks or splinters
CEILING
• tiles and meshings on lights secure
WALLS
• all outlets, switches, registers, etc., which pose an unreasonable hazard
must be padded or flush with wall surface
• free of protruding hooks, nails, etc.
A P P E N D I X
F
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Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
APPENDIX F
continued
INSPECT FOR:
MEETS SAFE GUIDELINES
YES
NO
COMMENT/FOLLOW UP ACTION
BASKETBALL BACKSTOP
• backboards in good condition
• cable and attachments from backboard to wall secure
• rims secure and straight
• velcro strips on walls behind backboards in good condition to hold mats
• winch not located directly below a wall mounted backboard
CHINNING BARS
• secure attachment to wall
• adjustable parts in good condition
PEG BOARDS
• secure attachment to wall
• peg holes and pegs in good condition
STORAGE ROOM
• floor clean and centre area clear of equipment
• equipment stored on designated shelves
• volleyball poles secured to wall when stored standing up, to prevent falling
EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
• First Aid Kit fully stocked and accessible
• emergency #’s posted
• access to phone/office via P.A. System
• emergency EXIT lights/signs working
BENCHES
• top and supports free from cracks and splinters
• bolts and screws secure
A P P E N D I X
F
[cont]
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Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
APPENDIX G
SAFETY CHECK LIST GYMNASIUM EQUIPMENT
Each school is to develop a procedure for regular inspection with appropriate follow-up. This form could be used.
SITE NAME:________________________________________________________________
Inspection date: ______________________________ Time: __________________________ Inspected By:__________________________________________
INSPECT FOR:
MEETS SAFE GUIDELINES
YES
NO
COMMENT/FOLLOW UP ACTION
REMOVABLE POSTS
• floor plates should be flush with the floor
• hooks, pulleys and ratchet in good condition
• poles secured to wall when stored standing up (to prevent falling)
VOLLEYBALL NET
• free of exposed wires along top and frayed wires along poles
• free of tears/holes
BADMINTON
• rackets useable, no splinters
HIGH JUMP
• standards base attachments and uprights in good condition
• portable pit cover free of tears
• portable pit foam in good condition
• crossbars taped and free of cracks/splinters
MATS
• covers free of tears/wearing
• foam in good condition
• Velcro fasteners continue to stick
SCOOTER BOARDS
• wheels secure
• free of cracks, broken edges
A P P E N D I X
G
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Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
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APPENDIX G
continued
INSPECT FOR:
MEETS SAFE GUIDELINES
YES
NO
COMMENT/FOLLOW UP ACTION
BALL CARRIERS
• casters working well; no sharp edges
SOFTBALL
• wooden/metal bats uncracked with a good grip end to prevent slippage
GYMNASTICS - VAULTING BOX [BOX HORSE]
• pad and cover free from tears/wearing
• sufficient padding to absorb impact
• inner post solid; free of cracks/splinters; nuts/bolts/screws tight
BEAT BOARDS
• free of splinters, broken tops/legs
• springs in good condition; floor protection pads in good condition
HOOPS
• no cracks/bends
BALL HOCKEY/FLOOR HOCKEY
• goals - welds and frames in good condition; plastic goals preferred
• plastic ball hockey sticks free of cracks or broken edges/ends
• stick blades secure to shaft
BLEACHERS
• free of protruding nails, splinters, cracked or rotten wood
• collapsible bleachers should be stored flush with the wall, secured & stable
HANDBALL GOALS
• wooden goals free from cracks, splinters, & sharp edges. Plastic goals preferred.
ROPES, CARGO NETS, CLIMBING APPARATUS
• ropes and wires in good condition with no frayed areas;
secured; hardware in good condition and properly set up.
• free of splinters
A P P E N D I X
G
[cont]
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Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
APPENDIX H
SAMPLE SAFETY CHECKLIST GYMNASTICS EQUIPMENT
SITE NAME:________________________________________________________________
INSPECT FOR:
MEETS SAFE GUIDELINES
YES
NO
COMMENT/FOLLOW-UP ACTION
FLOOR EXERCISE/TUMBLING MATS
• no holes (rips may be taped)
• uniform thickness and compaction rating throughout
• Velcro closures fastened with no gaps
• 1.5 m clear area around mats
• for competition: mats extend 60.9 cm (24”) beyond boundary at corners
VAULT
• horse is stable, level and at right angles to runway
• no tears in covering (rips may be taped)
• if using a pommel horse for vaulting, pommels removed and points of attachment
padded and covered
• height appropriate for student ability level and skill progression being taught
• height adjustment mechanism tight
• minimum 12 cm, 1.88 m x 3.76 m (6’ x 12’) hardside-softside landing mat
• minimum 1.88 m (6’) clearance beyond landing area or pad the wall
• minimum 0.5 m clearance at sides
• unobstructed, non-slip approach
TAKE-OFF BOARD (not a Springboard)
• all bolts tightened and rubber non-slip pads in good condition
• appropriate amount of spring for athlete’s weight (if adjustable)
• aligned at right angle to horse
• carpeted non-slip take-off surface
• distance from horse appropriate to student’s skill level
MINI-TRAMPOLINE
• stable with height adjustment knobs tightened
• appropriate angle for skill progression
• all springs in place with hooks pointing down OR elastic cable in good condition
A P P E N D I X H
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Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
APPENDIX H
continued
INSPECT FOR:
MEETS SAFE GUIDELINES
YES
NO
COMMENT/FOLLOW-UP ACTION
• frame pad completely covers springs/cables and frame
• non-slip rubber feet in good condition
• take-off surface in good condition
TRAMPOLINE
• stable, level
• balanced spring i.e. same number and location of springs on both sides and opposite ends
• spring hooks point down
• frame pad completely covers springs/cables and frame
• non-slip rubber feet in good condition
• trampoline bed in good condition
• adequate space around trampoline, or wall padded
BALANCE BEAM
• stable, level, parallel to a wall, minimum 1.5 m from wall or other equipment
• no tears in covering (rips may be glued down)
• height adjustment mechanism locked in and tightened
• appropriate height for students ability level and skill progression
• minimum landing surface: general utility mats extending 1.2 m (4’) at side and
2.4 m (8’) at ends of beam
• if dismounting through inverted position, e.g. round-off, minimum landing surface
10 cm, 1.88 m x 3.76 m (6’ x 12’) hardside-softside mat
UNEVEN PARALLEL BARS/HIGH BAR
• floor hooks secure and positioned according to manufacturer’s specification
• no “S” hooks
• no extra link trapped inside link that is attached to floor hook
• if quick-links used, must be fully threaded
• no exposed frayed cables
• turnbuckle hooks equally extended and fully threaded
• tension on cable sufficient to limit sway; sliders locked
• loops on cables fully seated in post hooks
• bases flat on floor, centered between floor hooks
A P P E N D I X H [cont]
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Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
APPENDIX H
continued
INSPECT FOR:
MEETS SAFE GUIDELINES
YES
NO
COMMENT/FOLLOW-UP ACTION
• posts perpendicular to floor when viewed from front/back
• posts in alignment when viewed from side
• height adjustment locking pins fully inserted
• wood/fibreglass rails - no cracks, splinters, caked -on chalk
• steel rail is straight
• minimum two 10 cm, 1.88 m x 3.76 m (6’ x 12’) hardside-softside landing mats
• floor between stands and landing mats padded
RINGS
• ring stand (if used) secure, vertical (see uneven bars)
• no kinks, knots in steel cables
• no exposed frayed wire
• leather/webbing straps checked for wear
• rings have no splinters, cracks, chalk build-up
• height from floor appropriate to athlete’s ability level and skill progression being taught
• minimum 10 cm, 1.88 m x 3.76 m (6’ x 12’) hardside-softside landing mat
• for inverted skills: 30.5 cm – 60.9 cm (12” - 24”) solid or cross-linked foam landing pit
POMMEL HORSE
• horse is stable, level
• no tears in covering (rips may be taped or glued down)
• height appropriate for student ability level and skill progression being taught
• height adjustment mechanism tight
• minimum landing surface: general utility mats extending 1.2 m (4’) on all sides
• pommels smooth, no chalk build-up
A P P E N D I X H
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Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
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APPENDIX I
SAFETY CHECK LIST OUTSIDE FACILITIES
Each school is to develop a procedure for regular inspection with appropriate follow-up. This form could be used.
SITE NAME:________________________________________________________________
Inspection date: ______________________________ Time: __________________________ Inspected By:__________________________________________
INSPECT FOR:
MEETS SAFE GUIDELINES
YES
NO
COMMENT/FOLLOW UP ACTION
WALKING & PLAYING SURFACES
• asphalt areas - level & free of holes/broken asphalt
• grass & dirt areas - free of holes/ruts
• clear of broken glass, cans, rocks, animal feces, etc.
• free of drainage problems
• clear of trip hazards [exposed footings, roots or other environmental obstacles]
STAIRS
• clear of obstacles
• stair treads in good condition
• railings secure
• wooden sections free of protruding nails, cracks or splinters
NESTS
• free of stinging insect nests [e.g., bees, wasps, etc.]
METAL FENCING
• clips and attachments safely secure
• fencing tight and secure to frame
• no holes in fence or at ground level
• anchors to ground stable, in good condition & safely covered
• posts corrosion free
BENCHES/BLEACHERS
• free of protruding nails, splinters, cracked or rotted wood
• anchors to ground in good condition and safely covered
SOFTBALL BACKSTOP
• fencing, clips & attachments safely secure
• fencing tight and secure to frame
A P P E N D I X
I
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Safety Guidelines for Physical Activity in Manitoba Schools
Curricular -- All Grades
APPENDIX I
continued
INSPECT FOR:
MEETS SAFE GUIDELINES
YES
NO
COMMENT/FOLLOW UP ACTION
SOFTBALL BACKSTOP – continued
• no holes in fence or at ground level
• anchors to ground stable, in good condition and safely covered
• posts corrosion free
SOFTBALL PLAYING SURFACE
• level ground with good drainage
• free of holes/ruts/trash/animal feces
SOCCER GOALS
• framework free from protruding hooks
• anchors to ground stable, in good condition and safely covered
• posts corrosion free
SOCCER PLAYING SURFACE
• level ground with good drainage
• free of holes/ruts/trash/animal feces
BASKETBALL BACKSTOPS
• backboards in good condition
• rims secure and straight
• pole anchors stable, in good condition & safely covered
• poles corrosion free
BASKETBALL PLAYING SURFACE
• level playing surface, good drainage
• free of holes/ruts/trash/animal feces
POTENTIAL HAZARDS ON SCHOOL YARD
• trees, exposed roots, posts, streams & other environmental hazards
• hazards identified to all staff & students
• warning signs & barriers where needed
• rules for safe play around hazards must be communicated to all students
OTHER - LIST
•
•
•
A P P E N D I X
I
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Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
Intramural
APPENDIX J
LIFTING, LOWERING, TRANSPORTING, SUPPORTING
AND SPOTTING TECHNIQUES
Prior to introducing an intramural activity involving any of the above movements, intramural supervisors need to be sure that students have instruction in proper lifting, supporting, transporting,
lowering and spotting techniques. If the intramural supervisor is not comfortable with students using these skills, then these activities are not to be done.
SPOTTING
Responsibilities vary with the age, strength, maturity level and experience of the student.
Students in the Early years can be involved in: non-contact spotting only. [e.g.- keeping the activity area clear; providing verbal cues; etc.]
Students in the Middle and Senior years can do:
1) non-contact spotting, e.g. keeping activity area clear, providing verbal cues, checking placement and stability of equipment;
2) contact spotting, e.g. helping peers maintain balance on the floor and on all types of equipment;
3) spotting of free weights.
LIFTING/LOWERING
The following are proper lifting/lowering techniques:
• back straight;
• knees are bent;
• hands are close to body;
• lift straight up;
• no twisting of the trunk;
• keep object centred with body;
• lift only weight-appropriate objects/people.
A P P E N D I X J
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Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
Intramural
APPENDIX J
continued
Where more than one person lifts/lowers another person or object, the base of support must be secure, e.g. hand securely grips another’s forearm when lifting a peer.
The person being lifted/lowered must be moved using appropriate body parts, e.g. upper limbs. All persons involved in the activity must be comfortable with their roles.
TRANSPORTING
When transporting with hands and arms, weight of object/person needs to be centrally distributed and in front of the carrier. When transporting someone on your back, refer to the proper
lifting techniques mentioned above. Knees must never be in the locked position.
Do not carry students by the neck.
The person being transported must not hold onto the neck, e.g. piggyback with legs wrapped around transporter’s waist and arms around transporter’s shoulders.
No transporting students with use of shoulders only. (Senior years: with the exception of in a pool)
No transporting a person in the inverted position, exception wheel-barrow race.
SUPPORTING
Never support an object or person using the neck, head, or lower back. Use hips and shoulders for supporting others.
Ensure that the base of support is securely established.
[cont] A P P E N D I X J
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Manitoba Physical Education Safety Guidelines
Intramural
APPENDIX K
SAFETY IN WEIGHT TRAINING ROOMS/FITNESS CENTRES
Please see Section 1: Curricular Physical Education Safety Guidelines for Aerobics and Weight Training.
Note: Weight training is not recommended in the Early years.
To qualify to use the weight room:
1.
Students must be instructed in proper lifting techniques/use and safety procedures either in physical education class or in a training session developed by trained staff. This needs to be
reviewed as needed.
2.
Students must be made aware of inherent risks specific to weight training and/or fitness centre activities. Students and parents need to sign a consent form prior to the student’s
participation in a training session and/or use of weight room/fitness centres (see Appendix A).
3.
Students must have an identifiable pass/tag to enter weight training area and sign in and out of the area.
4.
Only students training are allowed in the room. No spectators.
Supervision
A supervising teacher must be in the area.
Weight rooms/fitness centres require an on site monitor. Monitors may be instructional assistants, educational assistants, retired teachers, parents, co-op students, teacher candidates and
trained senior students. Monitors of the weight rooms/fitness centres have these duties:
1. Check pass/tag of all students who enter weight room.
2. Open and lock weight room using procedure established by the school.
3. Encourage students to follow posted rules and procedures.
4. Bring problems to supervising teacher as soon as possible.
5. Make sure the room is left in proper order.
Additional Rules
1.
2.
3.
Procedures need to be established so that facility and equipment are inspected daily and repairs are made.
Any violation of rules may result in some form of sanction being applied, e.g. suspension or loss of pass/tag, suspension from school, closure of weight room.
A minimum of two people must be in the weight room at any time.
A P P E N D I X K
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Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
APPENDIX L
SAMPLE REQUEST TO RESUME ATHLETIC PARTICIPATION
This form to be completed by a medical professional (e.g. physician, chiropractor, physiotherapist) or parent/guardian or both.
I,
___________________________________________________ , have tested/examined
(name of professional)
___________________________________________________ , after an injury/illness to or affecting
(name of athlete)
his/her ______________________________________________ , and certify that,
(body part)
in my professional opinion, he/she will be ready to resume participation in _______________________________________
(name of sport)
as of _________________________
(date)
COMMENTS: __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________
______________________________________________________
Date
I,
Signature
___________________________________________________ , acknowledge the fact that
(name of parent/guardian)
___________________________________________________ , has received care
(name of athlete)
for an injury/illness affecting his/her____________________________ ,
(body part)
and request his/her participation in ____________________________________________
(name of sport)
to resume on
_________________________
(date)
COMMENTS: __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________
Date
______________________________________________________
Parent’s/Guardian’s Signature
This completed form is to be returned to the coach by any athlete who has missed a practice or game due to an injury or illness requiring professional medical attention.
A P P E N D I X L
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Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
APPENDIX M
SAMPLE FIELD SAFETY CHECKLIST - FOOTBALL
SCHOOL: __________________________________________________________________
Municipality
Club
School Board
FIELD CONDITION
• Level surface (no holes or ruts)
• The playing surface area is clearly marked
• No protruding sprinkler heads
• Free from debris
• No unsafe obstructions surrounding the field
• Sufficient distance from fences, signage, lighting standards, bleachers, etc.
• Goalpost padding is securely fastened on goalpost assembly
• Spectators are adequately separated from the playing surface
• End zone markers and yardage markers are properly placed and fastened (pylons)
Other (specify)_________________________________________________
YES
Use field diagram to show hazards and modifications.
NO
ENDZONE
YARDLINES
The field is maintained by : (circle)
DATE: _____________________________________
List modifications made to rectify any deficiencies or hazards.
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
Have you advised the officials and teams of the modifications made to the field?
(in the event of tournament play, this should be done prior to the start of each game)
(circle)
Yes
No
ENDZONE
Are emergency vehicle access gates unlocked and clear?
(If not, ensure that this is done prior to play starting)
Yes
No
Has the mode of emergency communication (radio, telephone) been tested?
Yes
No
Has an emergency action plan been prepared and put in place for this field?
Yes
No
A P P E N D I X M
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APPENDIX N
SAMPLE COACHES’ PLANNER
ATHLETE ATTENDANCE
DATE:____________________________________
NAME
________________________________________ PRACTICE PLANS:
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
✔
Safety Notes
A P P E N D I X N
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Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
APPENDIX O
SUGGESTED CRITERIA FOR
NON-TEACHER COACHES
Schools are encouraged to consider the following prior to engaging the services of a non-teacher coach.
• Applicant completes an application form; see Appendix J: Sample Volunteer Coaching Application Form.
• Applicant supplies two references.
• Applicant demonstrates coaching expertise. For higher risk sports, this may be derived from one of the following:
- NCCP Level One Technical in the sport;
- attendance at a relevant clinic or workshop within the last three years;
- past experience as a competitor or coach in that sport.
• Applicant presents a criminal record check, if requested.
• Applicant agrees to a process for monitoring of his/her coaching activities, e.g. seasonal review.
• Applicant agrees to a process for resolving issues accompanied by appropriate disciplinary action by school.
• Applicant agrees to abide by all relevant policies and procedures.
• Applicant undergoes an orientation session with the school principal or designate to:
- review coaching philosophy of school;
- outline school policies with respect to academic eligibility;
- highlight Coaching Conduct and Athlete Code of Behaviour;
- detail Transfer and Eligibility Policies;
- review school disciplinary policies;
- clarify school policies with respect to supervision and travel.
• Applicant agrees to attend a pre-season coaching meeting of school and/or association coaches, if requested.
• Applicant agrees to communicate regularly with designated supervisor.
A P P E N D I X O
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Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
APPENDIX P
SAMPLE VOLUNTEER COACHING APPLICATION FORM
The following form is to be used when interviewing a potential coach in any one of the following situations:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
The applicant is not an administrator or someone with teaching certification.
The person’s philosophy and/or expertise is unknown.
The position to be filled is one of head coach or the person would be asked to coach by himself/herself.
The person would be coaching a higher risk sport.
The principal or designate decide to formally interview for other reasons.
Please record pertinent information on this form and keep on file. Interviewers are encouraged to include additional questions which would be relevant to their school.
1.
CANDIDATE
School
Name:_________________________________________________________________
Principal/Designate:
Address: ________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
Phone: (Home) __________________________ (Work) __________________________
Team in Question:
e-mail or fax:_____________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
Health Card Number ________________________________________________________
Higher Risk Sport
Yes ❒
No ❒
Please describe your previous coaching experience in ______________________________________________(specific sport) as well as coaching experience in any other sport. Include number of years you have
coached, age range of players, competitive nature of league and any other details you think are pertinent. _______________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
2.
Describe current certification and/or qualification you hold which would be relevant to coaching _____________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Describe other coaching professional development sessions you have attended which have helped you learn more about coaching the sport of _________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Do you have St. John Ambulance Emergency/Standard First Aid certification or equivalent? Expiry date of certificate. ________________________________________________________________________
3.
What are the three primary goals that you are trying to achieve as a coach? ___________________________________________________________________________________________________
4.
Have you every been convicted of any offense under the Criminal Code of Canada for which a pardon has not been granted? YES ❒
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
NO ❒
If yes, please explain. _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
5.
Do you understand/support the principles of the “fair play” philosophy in athletes? YES ❒
NO ❒
Explain how you would apply these principles to your coaching role. _______________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
A P P E N D I X P
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Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
APPENDIX P
continued
6.
How would you set standards of behaviour for the players you coach? _______________________________________________________________________________________________________
7.
Please list two references associated with previous coaching experience.
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
REFERENCES
Name (Not a Relative)
Position
Phone Number
This information is collected pursuant to the (name of School Board)’s role as employer as set out in the Education Act. The information is collected for employment and human resource planning purposes and is within the guidelines
set out in the Municipal Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act, 1989. References listed on this form will be contacted for information with respect to your suitability as a volunteer coach of (name of School Board)’s
student athletes.
Signature of Applicant: _________________________________________________________
Date ______________________________________
Signature of Principal/Designate:___________________________________________________
Date ______________________________________
OFFICE USE ONLY
References checked. YES ❒
NO ❒ , by Signature of Principal/Designate:___________________________________________________________
Notes:
Application accepted ❒
Orientation session completed.
not accepted ❒
YES ❒
NO ❒
Date ________________________________
Signature of Principal/Designate: ____________________________________________________
Date___________________________________
A P P E N D I X P [cont]
p a g e 1 9 2
Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
APPENDIX Q
RULES OF BEHAVIOUR FOR PARTICIPANTS
[TOURNAMENTS & MHSAA CHAMPIONSHIPS]
Any MHSAA Championship must attempt to achieve a standard of organizational and educational excellence which will serve to place it beyond reproach in either area.
A school athlete jointly represents both school and zone when attending an MHSAA Championship. This consequently confers a responsibility upon him/her during the time of absence from
school. This responsibility assumes greater meaning when individual teacher-coaches instruct their competitors in the degree of importance attached to it. The following principles and rules will
therefore apply to all MHSAA Championships and are in addition to the MHSAA Standing Rules (Playing Regulations) and Governing Rules of athletic contests.
1) The teacher-coach must prepare participants with regard to the behaviour expected of the them at the Championship.
2) The teacher-coach bears the responsibility for supervising his or her athletes for the entire period during which they are absent from school or home. If the coach of a team is of the
opposite sex, a suitable adult chaperone of the same sex, as approved by the principal of the school, must be present and on-site for the duration of the Championship, assisting with
supervision for the tournament and the entire period during which they are absent from school or home.
3) The consumption of any alcoholic beverage by student participants, whether of legal drinking age or not, at any time during a tournament or MHSAA Championship is expressly
forbidden. Up to and including 18 years of age, drinking is illegal, plain and simple. Although 18 year olds have the legal right to drink, they are participating in a school activity and
consumption of alcohol and other drugs is not permitted.
4) Drugs, other than medication prescribed by a medical doctor for a specific competitor, are expressly forbidden.
5) All participants will deport themselves in a manner becoming representatives of their school, zone and MHSAA while attending invitational tournaments and Provincial Championships.
Attention must be paid to:
• Respect for others; all participants have the right to freedom from harassment (as defined by the Canadian Human Rights Commission), equal treatment without discrimination
based on race, place of origin, colour, ethnic origin, creed, physical or mental ability, sexual orientation, or sex;
• Respect for property;
• Conduct;
• Language;
• Dress.
A P P E N D I X Q
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Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
APPENDIX Q
continued
6) Participants staying in tournament accommodation are expected to respect the right of others to undisturbed rest. Those who create disturbance in rooms or corridors after a reasonable
hour will be subject to disciplinary measures. Student-athletes are expected to observe any curfew imposed by the MHSAA convenor at the Championship.
7) All schools entering a Provincial Championship shall, by signature of the school principal on the Eligibility Form, acknowledge responsibility for making restitution for damage
resulting from misconduct by their participants.
Procedure
Actions contrary to these Rules shall be referred to the MHSAA Executive Director, who will investigate the matter and decide on the penalty, if any, to be assessed. A report of the matter in
questions and penalty, if any imposed, shall be sent to the Principal of the school and the appropriate zone Representative. The report will also be forwarded to the Board of Directors Sanctions where further action may be taken and/or penalties imposed.
A P P E N D I X Q [cont]
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Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
APPENDIX R
COACHING EXPECTATIONS
Coaches are required to do the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Distribute, collect, file and maintain Medical Information/Permission to Participate/Acknowledgment of Risk Form for each student who is trying out for the team (see Appendix A).
Be aware of the school/Athletic Association’s coaching philosophy, playing regulations and by-laws.
Be aware of and implement the Board’s transportation policy, risk management policy, the school’s academic policy, code of conduct and emergency action plan.
Distribute, collect and file a Request to Resume Athletic Play form from any athlete who has required medical attention (see Appendix B).
Ensure that a First Aid kit is fully stocked and accessible; order any first aid supplies that are needed.
Follow policies and procedures related to universal precautions with bodily fluids (see Appendix K).
Attend to proper training procedures for strenuous outdoor sports.
Ensure that first aid services are on site for all higher risk sport practices and games.
Document athlete attendance and all practice plans in a higher risk sport (see Appendix H).
Ensure that spectators do not present a safety concern.
Encourage all student athletes to have accident insurance.
Inform parents of game schedules and means of transportation.
Implement corrective measure to help prevent the reoccurrence of an injury.
Inspect equipment and facility to ensure it is safe for use.
Determine that all equipment, whether school provided or personal, meets safety regulations (e.g. football helmets, hockey throat protectors).
Inform athletes that they are not to share water bottles.
Implement guidelines related to the wearing of jewelry.
Ensure that a means of communication is available at all competitions (e.g. phone).
Inform appropriate authorities when playing field conditions present a risk to safety.
Teach skills in proper progression.
Outline the inherent risks in the activity to athletes; demonstrate how to minimize the risks; set procedures and rules for safe participation.
Make athletes aware that they are not to use the facility without the proper supervision in place.
Sanction students for unsafe play.
Teach and enforce the rules of the sport.
Address the supervision of spectators.
Review sport guidelines and attend coaches’ meetings.
In addition, an outside coach must complete an application form (see Appendix J) and be interviewed.
A P P E N D I X R
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Interscholastic -- Middle & Senior Years
APPENDIX S
COACHING
EXPECTATIONS
SAMPLE WAIVER FORM TO PARENTS
AND
STUDENTS
Sample Waiver Forms to Parents and Students (pages 197 and 198) have been removed.
Refer to page 7 to 10 in YouthSafe Manitoba: School Field Trip Resource, Form File section
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Be aware of the school/Athletic Association’s coaching philosophy, playing regulations and by-laws.
Be aware of and implement the Board’s transportation policy, risk management policy, the school’s academic policy, code of conduct and emergency action plan.
Distribute, collect and file a Request to Resume Athletic Play form from any athlete who has required medical attention (see Appendix B).
Ensure that a First Aid kit is fully stocked and accessible; order any first aid supplies that are needed.
Follow policies and procedures related to universal precautions with bodily fluids (see Appendix K).
Attend to proper training procedures for strenuous outdoor sports.
Ensure that first aid services are on site for all higher risk sport practices and games.
Document athlete attendance and all practice plans in a higher risk sport (see Appendix H).
Ensure that spectators do not present a safety concern.
Encourage all student athletes to have accident insurance.
Inform parents of game schedules and means of transportation.
Implement corrective measure to help prevent the reoccurrence of an injury.
Inspect equipment and facility to ensure it is safe for use.
Determine that all equipment, whether school provided or personal, meets safety regulations (e.g. football helmets, hockey throat protectors).
Inform athletes that they are not to share water bottles.
Implement guidelines related to the wearing of jewelry.
Ensure that a means of communication is available at all competitions (e.g. phone).
Inform appropriate authorities when playing field conditions present a risk to safety.
Teach skills in proper progression.
Outline the inherent risks in the activity to athletes; demonstrate how to minimize the risks; set procedures and rules for safe participation.
Make athletes aware that they are not to use the facility without the proper supervision in place.
Sanction students for unsafe play.
Teach and enforce the rules of the sport.
Address the supervision of spectators.
Review sport guidelines and attend coaches’ meetings.
In addition, an outside coach must complete an application form (see Appendix J) and be interviewed.
I X 196
R
A P P E N D I X A SP P E N D page
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