Renesas | H8S/2378F | Technical information | Renesas H8S/2378F Technical information

Renesas H8S/2378F Technical information
To our customers,
Old Company Name in Catalogs and Other Documents
On April 1st, 2010, NEC Electronics Corporation merged with Renesas Technology
Corporation, and Renesas Electronics Corporation took over all the business of both
companies. Therefore, although the old company name remains in this document, it is a valid
Renesas Electronics document. We appreciate your understanding.
Renesas Electronics website: http://www.renesas.com
April 1st, 2010
Renesas Electronics Corporation
Issued by: Renesas Electronics Corporation (http://www.renesas.com)
Send any inquiries to http://www.renesas.com/inquiry.
Notice
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
All information included in this document is current as of the date this document is issued. Such information, however, is
subject to change without any prior notice. Before purchasing or using any Renesas Electronics products listed herein, please
confirm the latest product information with a Renesas Electronics sales office. Also, please pay regular and careful attention to
additional and different information to be disclosed by Renesas Electronics such as that disclosed through our website.
Renesas Electronics does not assume any liability for infringement of patents, copyrights, or other intellectual property rights
of third parties by or arising from the use of Renesas Electronics products or technical information described in this document.
No license, express, implied or otherwise, is granted hereby under any patents, copyrights or other intellectual property rights
of Renesas Electronics or others.
You should not alter, modify, copy, or otherwise misappropriate any Renesas Electronics product, whether in whole or in part.
Descriptions of circuits, software and other related information in this document are provided only to illustrate the operation of
semiconductor products and application examples. You are fully responsible for the incorporation of these circuits, software,
and information in the design of your equipment. Renesas Electronics assumes no responsibility for any losses incurred by
you or third parties arising from the use of these circuits, software, or information.
When exporting the products or technology described in this document, you should comply with the applicable export control
laws and regulations and follow the procedures required by such laws and regulations. You should not use Renesas
Electronics products or the technology described in this document for any purpose relating to military applications or use by
the military, including but not limited to the development of weapons of mass destruction. Renesas Electronics products and
technology may not be used for or incorporated into any products or systems whose manufacture, use, or sale is prohibited
under any applicable domestic or foreign laws or regulations.
Renesas Electronics has used reasonable care in preparing the information included in this document, but Renesas Electronics
does not warrant that such information is error free. Renesas Electronics assumes no liability whatsoever for any damages
incurred by you resulting from errors in or omissions from the information included herein.
Renesas Electronics products are classified according to the following three quality grades: “Standard”, “High Quality”, and
“Specific”. The recommended applications for each Renesas Electronics product depends on the product’s quality grade, as
indicated below. You must check the quality grade of each Renesas Electronics product before using it in a particular
application. You may not use any Renesas Electronics product for any application categorized as “Specific” without the prior
written consent of Renesas Electronics. Further, you may not use any Renesas Electronics product for any application for
which it is not intended without the prior written consent of Renesas Electronics. Renesas Electronics shall not be in any way
liable for any damages or losses incurred by you or third parties arising from the use of any Renesas Electronics product for an
application categorized as “Specific” or for which the product is not intended where you have failed to obtain the prior written
consent of Renesas Electronics. The quality grade of each Renesas Electronics product is “Standard” unless otherwise
expressly specified in a Renesas Electronics data sheets or data books, etc.
“Standard”:
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
Computers; office equipment; communications equipment; test and measurement equipment; audio and visual
equipment; home electronic appliances; machine tools; personal electronic equipment; and industrial robots.
“High Quality”: Transportation equipment (automobiles, trains, ships, etc.); traffic control systems; anti-disaster systems; anticrime systems; safety equipment; and medical equipment not specifically designed for life support.
“Specific”:
Aircraft; aerospace equipment; submersible repeaters; nuclear reactor control systems; medical equipment or
systems for life support (e.g. artificial life support devices or systems), surgical implantations, or healthcare
intervention (e.g. excision, etc.), and any other applications or purposes that pose a direct threat to human life.
You should use the Renesas Electronics products described in this document within the range specified by Renesas Electronics,
especially with respect to the maximum rating, operating supply voltage range, movement power voltage range, heat radiation
characteristics, installation and other product characteristics. Renesas Electronics shall have no liability for malfunctions or
damages arising out of the use of Renesas Electronics products beyond such specified ranges.
Although Renesas Electronics endeavors to improve the quality and reliability of its products, semiconductor products have
specific characteristics such as the occurrence of failure at a certain rate and malfunctions under certain use conditions. Further,
Renesas Electronics products are not subject to radiation resistance design. Please be sure to implement safety measures to
guard them against the possibility of physical injury, and injury or damage caused by fire in the event of the failure of a
Renesas Electronics product, such as safety design for hardware and software including but not limited to redundancy, fire
control and malfunction prevention, appropriate treatment for aging degradation or any other appropriate measures. Because
the evaluation of microcomputer software alone is very difficult, please evaluate the safety of the final products or system
manufactured by you.
Please contact a Renesas Electronics sales office for details as to environmental matters such as the environmental
compatibility of each Renesas Electronics product. Please use Renesas Electronics products in compliance with all applicable
laws and regulations that regulate the inclusion or use of controlled substances, including without limitation, the EU RoHS
Directive. Renesas Electronics assumes no liability for damages or losses occurring as a result of your noncompliance with
applicable laws and regulations.
This document may not be reproduced or duplicated, in any form, in whole or in part, without prior written consent of Renesas
Electronics.
Please contact a Renesas Electronics sales office if you have any questions regarding the information contained in this
document or Renesas Electronics products, or if you have any other inquiries.
(Note 1) “Renesas Electronics” as used in this document means Renesas Electronics Corporation and also includes its majorityowned subsidiaries.
(Note 2) “Renesas Electronics product(s)” means any product developed or manufactured by or for Renesas Electronics.
To all our customers
Regarding the change of names mentioned in the document, such as Hitachi
Electric and Hitachi XX, to Renesas Technology Corp.
The semiconductor operations of Mitsubishi Electric and Hitachi were transferred to Renesas
Technology Corporation on April 1st 2003. These operations include microcomputer, logic, analog
and discrete devices, and memory chips other than DRAMs (flash memory, SRAMs etc.)
Accordingly, although Hitachi, Hitachi, Ltd., Hitachi Semiconductors, and other Hitachi brand
names are mentioned in the document, these names have in fact all been changed to Renesas
Technology Corp. Thank you for your understanding. Except for our corporate trademark, logo and
corporate statement, no changes whatsoever have been made to the contents of the document, and
these changes do not constitute any alteration to the contents of the document itself.
Renesas Technology Home Page: http://www.renesas.com
Renesas Technology Corp.
Customer Support Dept.
April 1, 2003
Cautions
Keep safety first in your circuit designs!
1. Renesas Technology Corporation puts the maximum effort into making semiconductor products better
and more reliable, but there is always the possibility that trouble may occur with them. Trouble with
semiconductors may lead to personal injury, fire or property damage.
Remember to give due consideration to safety when making your circuit designs, with appropriate
measures such as (i) placement of substitutive, auxiliary circuits, (ii) use of nonflammable material or
(iii) prevention against any malfunction or mishap.
Notes regarding these materials
1. These materials are intended as a reference to assist our customers in the selection of the Renesas
Technology Corporation product best suited to the customer's application; they do not convey any
license under any intellectual property rights, or any other rights, belonging to Renesas Technology
Corporation or a third party.
2. Renesas Technology Corporation assumes no responsibility for any damage, or infringement of any
third-party's rights, originating in the use of any product data, diagrams, charts, programs, algorithms, or
circuit application examples contained in these materials.
3. All information contained in these materials, including product data, diagrams, charts, programs and
algorithms represents information on products at the time of publication of these materials, and are
subject to change by Renesas Technology Corporation without notice due to product improvements or
other reasons. It is therefore recommended that customers contact Renesas Technology Corporation
or an authorized Renesas Technology Corporation product distributor for the latest product information
before purchasing a product listed herein.
The information described here may contain technical inaccuracies or typographical errors.
Renesas Technology Corporation assumes no responsibility for any damage, liability, or other loss
rising from these inaccuracies or errors.
Please also pay attention to information published by Renesas Technology Corporation by various
means, including the Renesas Technology Corporation Semiconductor home page
(http://www.renesas.com).
4. When using any or all of the information contained in these materials, including product data, diagrams,
charts, programs, and algorithms, please be sure to evaluate all information as a total system before
making a final decision on the applicability of the information and products. Renesas Technology
Corporation assumes no responsibility for any damage, liability or other loss resulting from the
information contained herein.
5. Renesas Technology Corporation semiconductors are not designed or manufactured for use in a device
or system that is used under circumstances in which human life is potentially at stake. Please contact
Renesas Technology Corporation or an authorized Renesas Technology Corporation product distributor
when considering the use of a product contained herein for any specific purposes, such as apparatus or
systems for transportation, vehicular, medical, aerospace, nuclear, or undersea repeater use.
6. The prior written approval of Renesas Technology Corporation is necessary to reprint or reproduce in
whole or in part these materials.
7. If these products or technologies are subject to the Japanese export control restrictions, they must be
exported under a license from the Japanese government and cannot be imported into a country other
than the approved destination.
Any diversion or reexport contrary to the export control laws and regulations of Japan and/or the
country of destination is prohibited.
8. Please contact Renesas Technology Corporation for further details on these materials or the products
contained therein.
User’s Manual
H8S/2378F E10A
Emulator
User’s Manual
Rev.1.0 2002.10
Cautions
1. Hitachi neither warrants nor grants licenses of any rights of Hitachi’s or any third party’s
patent, copyright, trademark, or other intellectual property rights for information contained in
this document. Hitachi bears no responsibility for problems that may arise with third party’s
rights, including intellectual property rights, in connection with use of the information
contained in this document.
2. Products and product specifications may be subject to change without notice. Confirm that you
have received the latest product standards or specifications before final design, purchase or
use.
3. Hitachi makes every attempt to ensure that its products are of high quality and reliability.
However, contact Hitachi’s sales office before using the product in an application that
demands especially high quality and reliability or where its failure or malfunction may directly
threaten human life or cause risk of bodily injury, such as aerospace, aeronautics, nuclear
power, combustion control, transportation, traffic, safety equipment or medical equipment for
life support.
4. Design your application so that the product is used within the ranges guaranteed by Hitachi
particularly for maximum rating, operating supply voltage range, heat radiation characteristics,
installation conditions and other characteristics. Hitachi bears no responsibility for failure or
damage when used beyond the guaranteed ranges. Even within the guaranteed ranges,
consider normally foreseeable failure rates or failure modes in semiconductor devices and
employ systemic measures such as fail-safes, so that the equipment incorporating Hitachi
product does not cause bodily injury, fire or other consequential damage due to operation of
the Hitachi product.
5. This product is not designed to be radiation resistant.
6. No one is permitted to reproduce or duplicate, in any form, the whole or part of this document
without written approval from Hitachi.
7. Contact Hitachi’s sales office for any questions regarding this document or Hitachi
semiconductor products.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
READ FIRST
• READ this user's manual before using this emulator product.
• KEEP the user's manual handy for future reference.
Do not attempt to use the emulator product until you fully understand its mechanism.
Emulator Product:
Throughout this document, the term "emulator product" shall be defined as the following
products produced only by Hitachi, Ltd. excluding all subsidiary products.
• Emulator
• User system interface cable
The user system or a host computer is not included in this definition.
Purpose of the Emulator Product:
This emulator product is a software and hardware development tool for systems employing the
Hitachi microcomputer. This emulator product must only be used for the above purpose.
Limited Applications:
This emulator product is not authorized for use in MEDICAL, atomic energy, aeronautical or
space technology applications without consent of the appropriate officer of a Hitachi sales
company. Such use includes, but is not limited to, use in life support systems. Buyers of this
emulator product must notify the relevant Hitachi sales offices before planning to use the product
in such applications.
Improvement Policy:
Hitachi, Ltd. (including its subsidiaries, hereafter collectively referred to as Hitachi) pursues a
policy of continuing improvement in design, performance, and safety of the emulator product.
Hitachi reserves the right to change, wholly or partially, the specifications, design, user's manual,
and other documentation at any time without notice.
Target User of the Emulator Product:
This emulator product should only be used by those who have carefully read and thoroughly
understood the information and restrictions contained in the user's manual. Do not attempt to use
the emulator product until you fully understand its mechanism.
It is highly recommended that first-time users be instructed by users that are well versed in the
operation of the emulator product.
I
LIMITED WARRANTY
Hitachi warrants its emulator products to be manufactured in
accordance with published specifications and free from defects in
material and/or workmanship. Hitachi, at its option, will replace any
emulator products returned intact to the factory, transportation charges
prepaid, which Hitachi, upon inspection, shall determine to be defective
in material and/or workmanship. The foregoing shall constitute the sole
remedy for any breach of Hitachi's warranty. See the Hitachi warranty
booklet for details on the warranty period. This warranty extends only
to you, the original Purchaser. It is not transferable to anyone who
subsequently purchases the emulator product from you. Hitachi is not
liable for any claim made by a third party or made by you for a third
party.
DISCLAIMER
HITACHI MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EITHER EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, ORAL OR WRITTEN, EXCEPT AS PROVIDED
HEREIN, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION THEREOF,
WARRANTIES AS TO MARKETABILITY, MERCHANTABILITY,
FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR USE, OR
AGAINST INFRINGEMENT OF ANY PATENT. IN NO EVENT
SHALL HITACHI BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INCIDENTAL
OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OF ANY NATURE, OR
LOSSES OR EXPENSES RESULTING FROM ANY DEFECTIVE
EMULATOR PRODUCT, THE USE OF ANY EMULATOR
PRODUCT, OR ITS DOCUMENTATION, EVEN IF ADVISED
OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. EXCEPT AS
EXPRESSLY STATED OTHERWISE IN THIS WARRANTY,
THIS EMULATOR PRODUCT IS SOLD "AS IS ", AND YOU
MUST ASSUME ALL RISK FOR THE USE AND RESULTS
OBTAINED FROM THE EMULATOR PRODUCT.
II
State Law:
Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of implied warranties or liability for
incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitation or exclusion may not apply to you.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may have other rights which may vary from
state to state.
The Warranty is Void in the Following Cases:
Hitachi shall have no liability or legal responsibility for any problems caused by misuse, abuse,
misapplication, neglect, improper handling, installation, repair or modifications of the emulator
product without Hitachi's prior written consent or any problems caused by the user system.
All Rights Reserved:
This user's manual and emulator product are copyrighted and all rights are reserved by Hitachi.
No part of this user's manual, all or part, may be reproduced or duplicated in any form, in hardcopy or machine-readable form, by any means available without Hitachi's prior written consent.
Other Important Things to Keep in Mind:
1. Circuitry and other examples described herein are meant merely to indicate the characteristics
and performance of Hitachi's semiconductor products. Hitachi assumes no responsibility for
any intellectual property claims or other problems that may result from applications based on
the examples described herein.
2. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patents or other rights of any third
party or Hitachi.
Figures:
Some figures in this user's manual may show items different from your actual system.
MCU names:
This user’s manual uses H8S/xxxx as an example of the MCU names.
Limited Anticipation of Danger:
Hitachi cannot anticipate every possible circumstance that might involve a potential hazard.
The warnings in this user's manual and on the emulator product are therefore not all inclusive.
Therefore, you must use the emulator product safely at your own risk.
III
SAFETY PAGE
READ FIRST
• READ this user's manual before using this emulator product.
• KEEP the user's manual handy for future reference.
Do not attempt to use the emulator product until you fully understand its mechanism.
DEFINITION OF SIGNAL WORDS
This is the safety alert symbol. It is used to alert you to potential personal
injury hazards. Obey all safety messages that follow this symbol to avoid
possible injury or death.
DANGER
WARNING
CAUTION
CAUTION
DANGER indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, will result in death or serious injury.
WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, could result in death or serious injury.
CAUTION indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, may result in minor or moderate injury.
CAUTION used without the safety alert symbol indicates a
potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result
in property damage.
NOTE emphasizes essential information.
IV
WARNING
Observe the precautions listed below. Failure to do so
will result in a FIRE HAZARD and will damage the user
system and the emulator product or will result in
PERSONAL INJURY. The USER PROGRAM will be
LOST.
1. Do not repair or remodel the emulator product by
yourself for electric shock prevention and quality
assurance.
2. Always switch OFF the host computer and user system
before connecting or disconnecting any CABLES or
PARTS.
3. Connect the connectors in the user system and in the
user interface cable by confirming the correct direction.
4. If the E10A emulator PCMCIA and PCI cards are mounted
on the same host computer, the connectors may be
illegally connected.
V
Warnings on Emulator Usage
Be sure to read and understand the warnings below before using this emulator. Note that these are
the main warnings, not the complete list.
WARNING
Always switch OFF the host computer and user system
before connecting or disconnecting any CABLES or PARTS.
Failure to do so will result in a FIRE HAZARD and will
damage the user system and the emulator product or will
result in PERSONAL INJURY. The USER PROGRAM will be
LOST.
CAUTION
Place the host computer and user system so that no
cable is bent or twisted. A bent or twisted cable will impose
stress on the user interface leading to connection or contact
failure.
Make sure that the host computer and the user system
are placed in a secure position so that they do not move
during use nor impose stress on the user interface.
VI
CAUTION
This equipment has been tested and found to comply
with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to part 15
of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference when the
equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This
equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency
energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential
area is likely to cause harmful interference in which case the
user will be required to correct the interference at his own
expense.
VII
VIII
Preface
Thank you for purchasing the E10A emulator.
CAUTION
READ section 2, Preparation before Use, of this User’s
Manual before using the emulator product. Incorrect
operation will damage the user system and the emulator
product.
This emulator is an efficient development tool for software and hardware of user systems based on
Hitachi’s original microprocessor. The emulator operates using the Hitachi debugging interface
(hereafter referred to as the HDI), which is the interface program that runs on Microsoft
Windows 98, Microsoft Windows Me, Microsoft Windows NT, or Microsoft Windows
2000, operating system.
This manual describes the functions and operating procedures of the E10A emulator. Sections 1 to
5 describe common features of all types of E10A emulators. Section 6 describes supplements to
the E10A emulator.
This manual consists of six sections. The information contained in each section is summarized
below:
• Section 1, Overview, gives the emulator overview.
• Section 2, Preparation before Use, gives instructions for first-time users, such as preparation
before use and system connection.
• Section 3, Tutorial, describes HDI operating examples.
• Section 4, Descriptions of Windows, describes HDI windows for operating the emulator.
• Section 5, Command-line Functions describes how to input HDI commands and command
types.
• Section 6, H8S/xxxx E10A Emulator Specifications describes the features of the E10A
emulator for each MCU. Section 7 describes the important information of the E10A emulator
according to emulator products. Read these sections before using the E10A emulator.
The HDI installation disks are provided by the CD-R. Refer to the descriptions in the manuals of
the host computer or operating system.
i
Related Manuals:
• Supplementary Informations
• Hitachi Debugging Interface User's Manual (HS6400DIIW5SE)
• H8S, H8/300 Series C/C++ Compiler, Assembler, Optimizing Linkage Editor User's Manual
• Hardware Manual for each MCU
• Programming Manual for each MCU
Notes:
1. IBM PC is a registered trademark of International Business Machines
Corporation.
2. Microsoft®, Windows®, and Windows NT® are registered trademarks of
Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries.
Microsoft® Windows® 98 operating system is referred to as Windows® 98 in this
user's manual.
Microsoft® Windows® Millennium Edition operating system is referred to as
®
Windows Me in this user's manual.
®
®
®
Microsoft Windows NT operating system is referred to as Windows NT in
this user's manual.
Microsoft® Windows® 2000 operating system is referred to as Windows® 2000 in
this user's manual.
ii
Contents
Section 1 Overview........................................................................................... 1
1.1
1.2
1.3
Warnings ........................................................................................................................... 3
Environmental Conditions ................................................................................................ 4
Components ...................................................................................................................... 6
Section 2 Preparation before Use ....................................................................... 7
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
Emulator Preparation ........................................................................................................7
HDI Installation................................................................................................................. 8
2.2.1 Installing under Windows 98 and Windows Me Operating Systems................ 8
2.2.2 Installing under Windows NT 4.0 Operating System......................................... 9
2.2.3 Installing under Windows2000 Operating System ............................................ 10
Connecting the Host Computer with the Card Emulator .................................................. 11
Connecting the Card Emulator with the User System....................................................... 12
System Check....................................................................................................................14
2.5.1 H8S/xxxx E10A Emulator Mode ...........................................................................17
2.5.2 Writing H8S/xxxx E10A Flash memory Mode......................................................20
Ending the HDI .................................................................................................................23
Uninstalling the HDI ......................................................................................................... 24
Section 3 Tutorial ............................................................................................... 25
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.9
3.10
3.11
3.12
3.13
3.14
Introduction.......................................................................................................................25
Running the HDI...............................................................................................................26
[HDI] Window ..................................................................................................................27
Setting up the Emulator..................................................................................................... 28
Setting the [Configuration] Dialog Box ............................................................................ 28
Downloading the Tutorial Program .................................................................................. 30
3.6.1 Downloading the Tutorial Program .....................................................................30
3.6.2 Displaying the Source Program ........................................................................... 31
Setting the Software Breakpoint ....................................................................................... 33
Setting Registers ...............................................................................................................34
Executing the Program...................................................................................................... 36
Reviewing Breakpoints .....................................................................................................39
Viewing Memory .............................................................................................................. 40
Watching Variables...........................................................................................................41
Stepping Through a Program ............................................................................................ 44
3.13.1 Executing [Step In] Command............................................................................. 45
3.13.2 Executing [Step Out] Command .......................................................................... 46
3.13.3 Executing [Step Over] Command ........................................................................ 48
Displaying Local Variables............................................................................................... 50
iii
3.15 Break Function.................................................................................................................. 51
3.15.1 Software Break Function ..................................................................................... 51
3.16 Hardware Break Function ................................................................................................. 57
3.17 Trace Function .................................................................................................................. 64
3.18 What Next? ....................................................................................................................... 65
Section 4 Descriptions of Windows....................................................................67
4.1
4.2
HDI Windows ................................................................................................................... 67
Descriptions of Each Window .......................................................................................... 70
4.2.1 [Configuration] Dialog Box................................................................................. 70
4.2.2 [E10A Driver Details] Dialog Box ...................................................................... 75
4.2.3 [Breakpoints] Window......................................................................................... 76
4.2.4 [Break] Dialog Box.............................................................................................. 78
4.2.5 [Breakpoint] Dialog Box ..................................................................................... 84
4.2.6 [Break condition] Dialog Box.............................................................................. 86
4.2.7 [Break condition] Dialog Box Pages ................................................................... 88
4.2.8 [Trace] Window................................................................................................... 92
4.2.9 [System Status] Window...................................................................................... 94
Section 5 Command-line Functions....................................................................97
5.1
5.2
iv
Table and Symbol Description.......................................................................................... 97
5.1.1 Format.................................................................................................................. 97
5.1.2 Parameter Input.................................................................................................... 97
5.1.3 Examples.............................................................................................................. 98
5.1.4 Related Items ....................................................................................................... 98
Command Descriptions..................................................................................................... 99
5.2.1 BREAKCONDITION_CLEAR: BCC ................................................................. 100
5.2.2 BREAKCONDITION_DISPLAY: BCD ............................................................. 101
5.2.3 BREAKCONDITION_ENABLE: BCE .............................................................. 102
5.2.4 BREAKCONDITION_SET: BCS ....................................................................... 103
5.2.5 BREAKPOINT: BP ............................................................................................. 106
5.2.6 BREAKPOINT_CLEAR: BC.............................................................................. 107
5.2.7 BREAKPOINT_DISPLAY: BD.......................................................................... 108
5.2.8 BREAKPOINT_ENABLE: BE ........................................................................... 109
5.2.9 DEVICE_TYPE: DE ........................................................................................... 110
5.2.10 GO_OPTION: GP................................................................................................ 111
5.2.11 JTAG_CLOCK: JCK ........................................................................................... 112
5.2.12 REFRESH: RF ..................................................................................................... 114
5.2.13 RESET: RE .......................................................................................................... 115
5.2.14 STATUS: STS ..................................................................................................... 116
5.2.15 STEP_INTERRUPT: SI....................................................................................... 117
5.2.16 TRACE_DISPLAY: TD ...................................................................................... 118
Section 6 H8S/2378F E10A Emulator Specifications........................................ 119
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
Overview of the Emulator.................................................................................................119
Pin Arrangement of the Hitachi-UDI Port Connector....................................................... 120
Differences between the MCUs and the Emulator............................................................ 125
The H8S/2378F E10A Emulator Functions ......................................................................126
6.4.1 Emulator Driver Selection ................................................................................... 126
6.4.2 Hardware Break Functions................................................................................... 126
6.4.3 Notes on Setting the [Breakpoint] Dialog Box ....................................................128
6.4.4 Trace Function .....................................................................................................129
6.4.5 Notes on HDI ....................................................................................................... 140
v
Figures
Figure 1.1 System Configuration with the Emulator (PCMCIA Card Emulator Used) ............ 1
Figure 1.2 System Configuration with the Emulator (PCI Card Emulator Used) ..................... 2
Figure 2.1 Emulator Preparation Flow Chart............................................................................. 7
Figure 2.2 Inserting the PCMCIA Card Emulator into the Host Computer............................... 11
Figure 2.3 Inserting the PCI Card Emulator into the Host Computer........................................ 11
Figure 2.4 Connecting the User System Interface Cable to the User System............................ 12
Figure 2.5 [Start] Menu ............................................................................................................. 14
Figure 2.6 [Select Session] Dialog Box..................................................................................... 15
Figure 2.7 [E10A Driver Details] Dialog Box........................................................................... 16
Figure 2.8 [System Clock] Dialog Box ..................................................................................... 17
Figure 2.9 [ID Code] Dialog Box .............................................................................................. 17
Figure 2.10 [HDI] Status Bar..................................................................................................... 17
Figure 2.11 [H-UDI Connector Disconnected] Dialog Box ...................................................... 18
Figure 2.12 [Can not find /RESET signal] Dialog Box ............................................................. 18
Figure 2.13 [Check the connection] Dialog Box ....................................................................... 19
Figure 2.14 [COMMUNICATION TIMEOUT ERROR] Dialog Box ...................................... 19
Figure 2.15 [INVALID ASERAM FIRMWARE!] Dialog Box ................................................ 19
Figure 2.16 [Unable to restore the previous driver settings] Dialog Box .................................. 20
Figure 2.17 [System Clock] Dialog Box ................................................................................... 20
Figure 2.18 [Load Program] Dialog Box................................................................................... 21
Figure 2.19 Checksum Value after Downloading the Program ................................................. 21
Figure 2.20 [HDI] Dialog Box................................................................................................... 21
Figure 2.21 [Continue?] Window .............................................................................................. 22
Figure 2.22 [Connector disconnected] Dialog Box ................................................................... 22
Figure 2.23 [Flash memory erase error!] Dialog Box ............................................................... 22
Figure 2.24 [Exit HDI] Dialog Box ........................................................................................... 23
Figure 2.25 [Save session] Dialog Box ..................................................................................... 23
Figure 3.1 [Start] Menu ............................................................................................................. 26
Figure 3.2 [HDI] Window ......................................................................................................... 27
Figure 3.3 [Configuration] Dialog Box ..................................................................................... 28
Figure 3.4 [Load Program] Dialog Box..................................................................................... 30
Figure 3.5 [HDI] Dialog Box..................................................................................................... 30
Figure 3.6 [Open] Dialog Box ................................................................................................... 31
Figure 3.7 [Program] Window (Displaying the Source Program) ............................................. 32
Figure 3.8 [Program] Window (Setting a Software Breakpoint) ............................................... 33
Figure 3.9 [Registers] Window.................................................................................................. 34
Figure 3.10 [Register] Dialog Box (PC) .................................................................................... 34
Figure 3.11 [Register] Dialog Box (ER7).................................................................................. 35
Figure 3.12 [Go] Button ............................................................................................................ 36
Figure 3.13 [Reset Go] Button................................................................................................... 36
vi
Figure 3.14 [Program] Window (Break Status) ......................................................................... 36
Figure 3.15 [System Status] Window ........................................................................................ 37
Figure 3.16 [Breakpoints] Window ........................................................................................... 39
Figure 3.17 [Open Memory Window] Dialog Box....................................................................40
Figure 3.18 [Memory] Window.................................................................................................40
Figure 3.19 [Instant Watch] Dialog Box.................................................................................... 41
Figure 3.20 [Watch] Window (Displaying the Array)...............................................................42
Figure 3.21 [Add Watch] Dialog Box ....................................................................................... 42
Figure 3.22 [Watch] Window (Displaying the Variable) .......................................................... 43
Figure 3.23 [Watch] Window (Displaying Array Elements) .....................................................43
Figure 3.24 [Step In] Button ......................................................................................................45
Figure 3.25 [Program] Window (Step In).................................................................................. 45
Figure 3.26 [Step Out] Button ...................................................................................................46
Figure 3.27 [Program] Window (Step Out) ............................................................................... 46
Figure 3.28 [Program] Window (Step In −> Step In) ................................................................ 47
Figure 3.29 [Program] Window (Before Step Over Execution) ................................................48
Figure 3.30 [Step Over] Button .................................................................................................48
Figure 3.31 [Program] Window (Step Over) ............................................................................. 49
Figure 3.32 [Locals] Window....................................................................................................50
Figure 3.33 [Breakpoints] Window (Before Software Breakpoint Setting)............................... 51
Figure 3.34 [Point] Page ([Break] Dialog Box)......................................................................... 52
Figure 3.35 [Breakpoint] Dialog Box ........................................................................................ 53
Figure 3.36 [Point] Page ([Break] Dialog Box) (After Software Breakpoint Setting) .............. 54
Figure 3.37 [Breakpoints] Window (Software Breakpoint Setting) .......................................... 55
Figure 3.38 [Program] Window at Execution Stop (Software Break) .......................................55
Figure 3.39 Displayed Contents of the [System Status] Window (Software Break) .................56
Figure 3.40 [Breakpoints] Window (Before Hardware Break Condition Setting) .................... 57
Figure 3.41 [Condition] Page ([Break] Dialog Box) .................................................................58
Figure 3.42 [condition] Page ([Break condition 1] Dialog Box) ............................................... 59
Figure 3.43 [Break] Dialog Box (After Hardware Break Condition Setting)............................ 60
Figure 3.44 [Breakpoints] Window ([Break condition 1] Setting) ............................................ 61
Figure 3.45 [Program] Window at Execution Stop (Break condition 1) ...................................62
Figure 3.46 Displayed Contents of the [System Status] Window (Break condition 1).............. 63
Figure 3.47 [Trace] Window .....................................................................................................64
Figure 4.1 [Configuration] Dialog Box ..................................................................................... 70
Figure 4.2 [General] Page ([Configuration] Dialog Box).......................................................... 72
Figure 4.3 Warning Message Box ............................................................................................. 74
Figure 4.4 [E10A Driver Details] Dialog Box........................................................................... 75
Figure 4.5 [Breakpoints] Window ............................................................................................. 76
Figure 4.6 [Break] Dialog Box ..................................................................................................78
Figure 4.7 [Point] Page ([Break] Dialog Box)........................................................................... 80
Figure 4.8 [Condition] Page ([Break] Dialog Box) ...................................................................82
Figure 4.9 [Breakpoint] Dialog Box .......................................................................................... 84
vii
Figure 4.10 [Break condition 1] Dialog Box ............................................................................. 86
Figure 4.11 [condition] Page ..................................................................................................... 89
Figure 4.12 [Trace] Window ..................................................................................................... 92
Figure 4.13 [System Status] Window ........................................................................................ 94
Figure 6.1 Pin Arrangement of the Hitachi-UDI Port Connector .............................................. 120
Figure 6.2 Example of Emulator Connection ............................................................................ 121
Figure 6.3 Connection of Emulator ........................................................................................... 122
Figure 6.4 EMLE Pin and Emulator .......................................................................................... 122
Figure 6.5 Connection of #RES Pin .......................................................................................... 123
Figure 6.6 Interface Circuit in the Emulator (Reference Figure)............................................... 123
viii
Tables
Table 1.1 Environmental Conditions ......................................................................................... 4
Table 1.2 Operating Environments............................................................................................ 5
Table 2.1 Recommended Connector.......................................................................................... 12
Table 3.1 Tutorial Program: Configuration and Parts ............................................................... 25
Table 3.2 Setting the [Configuration] Dialog Box.....................................................................29
Table 3.3 Contents of the [System Status] Window ..................................................................38
Table 3.4 Step Option ................................................................................................................44
Table 4.1 HDI Window Menus and Related Manual Entries ....................................................67
Table 4.2 [Configuration] Dialog Box Page .............................................................................. 71
Table 4.3 [General] Page Options.............................................................................................. 73
Table 4.4 [E10A Driver Details] Dialog Box Option ................................................................ 75
Table 4.5 [Breakpoints] Window Display Items ....................................................................... 77
Table 4.6 [Breakpoints] Window Pop-up Menu Operation.......................................................77
Table 4.7 [Break] Dialog Box Pages ......................................................................................... 79
Table 4.8 [Point] Page Options..................................................................................................81
Table 4.9 [Condition] Page Options .......................................................................................... 83
Table 4.10 [Address] Page Options ........................................................................................... 85
Table 4.11 Setting Conditions in [Break condition] Dialog Box............................................... 88
Table 4.12 [Break condition] Dialog Box Pages ....................................................................... 88
Table 4.13 [Address] Group Box Options ................................................................................. 90
Table 4.14 Radio Button Options .............................................................................................. 90
Table 4.15 [Data] Group Box Options....................................................................................... 90
Table 4.16 [Read/Write] Group Box Options............................................................................91
Table 4.17 [Trace] Window Display Items................................................................................ 93
Table 4.18 [System Status] Window Display Items ..................................................................95
Table 5.1 E10A HDI Commands............................................................................................... 99
Table 5.2 BREAKCONDITION_CLEAR Command Parameter .............................................. 100
Table 5.3 BREAKCONDITION_DISPLAY Command Parameter .......................................... 101
Table 5.4 BREAKCONDITION_ENABLE Command Parameter ........................................... 102
Table 5.5 BREAKCONDITION_SET Command Parameters .................................................. 104
Table 5.6 BREAKPOINT Command Parameter ....................................................................... 106
Table 5.7 BREAKPOINT_CLEAR Command Parameter ........................................................ 107
Table 5.8 BREAKPOINT_DISPLAY Command Parameter..................................................... 108
Table 5.9 BREAKPOINT_ENABLE Command Parameters .................................................... 109
Table 5.10 DEVICE_TYPE Command Parameter ....................................................................110
Table 5.11 GO_OPTION Command Parameter ........................................................................ 111
Table 5.12 JTAG_CLOCK Command Parameter .....................................................................112
Table 5.13 REFRESH Command Parameter ............................................................................. 114
Table 5.14 RESET Command Parameter .................................................................................. 115
Table 5.15 STATUS Command Parameter ............................................................................... 116
Table 5.16 STEP_INTERRUPT Command Parameter ............................................................. 117
ix
Table 5.17 TRACE_DISPLAY Command Parameter............................................................... 118
Table 6.1 Components of the Emulator (HS2378KCM01H or HS2378KCI01H) .................... 119
Table 6.2 Unavailable Pin Functions......................................................................................... 124
Table 6.3 Register Initial Values at Emulator Power-On .......................................................... 125
Table 6.4 Type Name and Driver .............................................................................................. 126
Table 6.5 Hardware Break Condition Specification Items ........................................................ 126
Table 6.6 Conditions Set in [Break condition] Dialog Box....................................................... 127
Table 6.7 Conditions Set by BREAKCONDITION_SET Command........................................ 127
Table 6.8 Setting Trace Acquisition ..........................................................................................129
Table 6.9 Items in the [Trace] Window..................................................................................... 130
Table 6.10 Trace Search Function ............................................................................................. 131
Table 6.11 [Address] Group Box Options ................................................................................. 131
Table 6.12 [Data] Group Box Options ...................................................................................... 131
Table 6.13 [Bus status] Group Box Options.............................................................................. 132
Table 6.14 [Area] Group Box Options ...................................................................................... 132
Table 6.15 [Read/Write] Group Box Options............................................................................ 132
Table 6.16 [IRQ] Group Box Options ....................................................................................... 132
Table 6.17 Commands for the Trace Function .......................................................................... 133
Table 6.18 TRACE_DISPLAY Command Parameter............................................................... 133
Table 6.19 TRACE_MODE Command Parameter.................................................................... 135
Table 6.20 TRACE_SEARCH Command Parameter................................................................ 138
x
Section 1 Overview
The E10A emulator (hereafter referred to as the emulator) is a software and hardware
development support tool for application systems using the microprocessor developed by Hitachi,
Ltd.
The PCMCIA card emulator or PCI card emulator (hereafter referred to as the card emulator),
which is the main unit of the emulator, is connected, through the Hitachi-UDI (user debug
interface) port*, to the user system. The user system can be debugged under the conditions similar
to the actual application conditions. The emulator enables debugging anywhere indoors or out.
The host computer for controlling the emulator must be an IBM PC compatible machine with a
PCMCIA type II or PCI slot.
Figures 1.1 and 1.2 show the system configuration using the emulator.
Note: The Hitachi-UDI is an interface compatible with the Joint Test Action Group
(JTAG) specifications.
Host computer (PC with PCMCIA TYPE II slot)
PCMCIA card emulator
User system interface cable
PC
PC
Card
H8S/xxxx
Insert into the PCMCIA TYPE II slot
Connect to the Hitachi-UDI port connector
User system
Figure 1.1 System Configuration with the Emulator (PCMCIA Card Emulator Used)
1
User system interface cable
PCI card emulator
H8S/xxxx
Insert into
the PCI slot
User system
Host computer
(PC with PCI slot)
Figure 1.2 System Configuration with the Emulator (PCI Card Emulator Used)
The emulator provides the following features:
• Excellent cost-performance card emulator
Compactness and low price are implemented using the PCMCIA interface or the PCI interface.
• Realtime emulation
Realtime emulation of the user system is enabled at the maximum operating frequency of the
CPU.
• Excellent operability
®
®
®
Using the Hitachi Debugging Interface (HDI) on the Microsoft Windows 98, Microsoft
®
®
®
®
®
Windows Me, Microsoft Windows NT , and Microsoft Windows 2000 operating systems
enable user program debugging using a pointing device such as a mouse. The HDI enables
high-speed downloading of load module files.
• Various debugging functions
Various break and trace functions enable efficient debugging. Breakpoints and break
conditions can be set by the specific window, trace information can be displayed on a window,
and command-line functions can be used.
• Memory access during emulation
During emulation, the memory contents can be read and modified.
• Debugging of the user system in the final development stage
The user system can be debugged under conditions similar to the actual application conditions.
• Compact debugging environment
When the card emulator specific to the PCMCIA interface is used, a laptop computer can be
used as a host computer, creating a debugging environment in any place.
2
1.1
Warnings
CAUTION
READ the following warnings before using the emulator
product. Incorrect operation will damage the user system and
the emulator product. The USER PROGRAM will be LOST.
1. Check all components against the component list after unpacking the emulator.
2. Never place heavy objects on the casing.
3. Protect the emulator from excessive impacts and stresses. For details, refer to section 1.2,
Environmental Conditions.
4. Do not insert the emulator into any slot (PCMCIA TYPE II slot or PCI slot) other than the
specified one.
5. When moving the host computer or user system, take care not to vibrate or damage it.
6. After connecting the cable, check that it is connected correctly. For details, refer to section 2,
Preparation before Use.
7. Supply power to the connected equipment after connecting all cables. Cables must not be
connected or removed while the power is on.
3
1.2
Environmental Conditions
CAUTION
Observe the conditions listed in tables 1.1 and 1.2 when
using the emulator. Failure to do so will damage the user
system and the emulator product. The USER PROGRAM will
be LOST.
Table 1.1 Environmental Conditions
Item
Specifications
Temperature
Operating: +10°C to +35°C
Storage: –10°C to +50°C
Humidity
Operating: 35% RH to 80% RH, no condensation
Storage: 35% RH to 80% RH, no condensation
Vibration
Operating:
2.45 m/s max.
2
Storage:
4.9 m/s max.
2
Transportation: 14.7 m/s max.
Ambient gases
There must be no corrosive gases present
2
Table 1.2 lists the acceptable operating environments.
4
Table 1.2 Operating Environments
Item
Description
Host computer
Built-in Pentium or higher-performance CPU (200 MHz or higher
recommended); IBM PC or compatible machine with the PCMCIA
TYPE II slot or the PCI slot.
OS
Windows 98, Windows Me, Windows NT , or Windows 2000
Minimum memory
capacity
32 Mbytes or more (double of the load module size recommended)
Hard-disk capacity
Installation disk capacity: 10 Mbytes or more. (Prepare an area at
least double the memory capacity (four-times or more recommended)
as the swap area.)
Pointing device such as
mouse
Connectable to the host computer; compatible with Windows 98,
®
®
®
Windows Me, Windows NT , and Windows 2000.
Power voltage
5.0 ± 0.25 V
Current consumption
HS0005KCM05H: 60 mA (max)
HS0005KCI05H: 55 mA (max)
CD-ROM drive
Required to install the emulator or refer to the emulator user’s manual.
®
®
®
®
®
5
1.3
Components
Check all the components unpacking. For details on the E10A emulator components, refer to
section 6.1, Components of the Emulator. If the components are not complete, contact a Hitachi
sales agency.
6
Section 2 Preparation before Use
2.1
Emulator Preparation
WARNING
READ the reference sections shaded in figure 2.1 before
using the emulator product. Incorrect operation will damage
the user system and the emulator product. The USER
PROGRAM will be LOST.
Unpack the emulator and prepare it for use as follows:
Reference
Unpack the emulator
Check the components against the component list
Component list
Turn on the host computer
Install the HDI
When the emulator
is used first.
Section 2.2
Turn off the host computer
Insert the card emulator into the host computer
and connect the emulator to the user system
Section 2.3
Turn on the host computer
Start the HDI
Section 3
When the emulator
is used for second
time or later.
Turn on the user system
Figure 2.1 Emulator Preparation Flow Chart
7
2.2
HDI Installation
When the CD-R is inserted in the host computer’s CD-ROM drive, the HDI installation wizard is
automatically activated (holding the Shift key down while the CD-R is inserted cancels this
automatic activation). To run the installation wizard when it has not been automatically activated,
execute Setup.exe from the root directory of the CD-R.
Follow the cues given by the installation wizard to install the HDI.
Since hardware settings are also made during installation, the installation procedure differs
according to the operating system or interface (PCI or PCMCIA) being used. Follow the
installation steps carefully according to the environment you are using.
2.2.1
Installing under Windows 98 and Windows Me Operating Systems
(1) When the emulator is a PCI card:
1. Install the HDI (when the component type has to be selected during installation, be sure to
select [PCI Card Driver]).
2. Shut the operating system down and turn off the power to the host computer.
3. Insert the PCI-card emulator in a slot on the host computer. Refer to section 2.3,
Connecting the Host Computer with the Card Emulator.
4. Restart the host computer. The hardware is now recognized and the driver is automatically
installed.*
(2) When the emulator is a PCMCIA card:
1. Install the HDI (when the component type has to be selected during installation, be sure to
select [PC Card Driver (PCMCIA)]).
2. Insert the PCMCIA-card emulator in the host computer’s slot. Refer to section 2.3,
Connecting the Host Computer with the Card Emulator.
3. The hardware is now recognized and the driver is automatically installed.*
Note: When [Add New Hardware Wizard] is displayed, select the [Search for the best driver for
your device. (Recommended)] radio button and then the [Specify a location] check box to
select the path to be searched for drivers. The location must be specified according to the
emulator type, as indicated below:
When using the PCI-card emulator: <Drive>:\DRIVERS\PCI\95
When using the PCMCIA-card emulator: <Drive>:\DRIVERS\PCMCIA\95
(<Drive> is the CD-ROM drive name.)
8
2.2.2
Installing under Windows NT 4.0 Operating System
(1) When the emulator is a PCI card:
1. Shut the operating system down and turn off the power to the host computer.
2. Insert the PCI-card emulator in a slot on the host computer. Refer to section 2.3,
Connecting the Host Computer with the Card Emulator.
3. Start the host computer and log-on with an administrator-level user name.
4. Install the HDI. (For a component, be sure to select [PCI Card Driver]. There is a check
box for selecting the type name of the product under the [PCI Card Driver] component.
Select the appropriate type name. If the correct name is not selected, the correct driver will
not be installed, and the emulator will not operate.)
5. Restart the host computer.
(2) When the emulator is a PCMCIA card:
1. Shut the operating system down and turn off the power to the host computer.
2. Insert the PCMCIA-card emulator in the host computer’s slot. Refer to section 2.3,
Connecting the Host Computer with the Card Emulator.
3. Start the host computer and log-on with an administrator-level user name.
4. During HDI installation, the setting value should be checked beforehand because inquiries
are made about the resource used by the PCMCIA-card emulator.
Start the [Start] menu -> [Programs] -> [Administrative Tools (Common)] -> [Windows
NT Diagnostics], check the status of the IRQ, I/O port, and memory from the resource
panel, and determine the setting values that do not conflict with other devices. (The
following resources are used: IRQ: one channel, I/O port: H’F byte, and memory: H’4000
byte.)
5. Install the HDI. (For a component, be sure to select [PC Card Driver (PCMCIA)]. There is
a check box for selecting the type name of each product under the [PC Card Driver
(PCMCIA)] component. Select the appropriate type name. If the correct name is not
selected, the correct driver will not be installed and the emulator will not operate.)
6. Restart the host computer.
Note: The driver that has been selected in the [Drivers] component starts after the host computer
is initiated. If the host computer is initiated with the card disconnected or with the
incorrect driver installed, the driver cannot initiate and the service control manager
informs the system of an error. This, however, is not a problem.
9
2.2.3
Installing under Windows2000 Operating System
(1) When the emulator is a PCI card:
1. Log-on with an administrator-level user name.
2. Install the HDI. (When a component is selected, be sure to select [PCI Card Driver].)
3. Shut the operating system down and turn off the power to the host computer.
4. Insert the PCI-card emulator in a slot on the host computer. Refer to section 2.3,
Connecting the Host Computer with the Card Emulator.
5. Restart the host computer and log-on with an administrator-level user name. The hardware
is now recognized and the driver is automatically installed.*
(2) When the emulator is a PCMCIA card:
1. Log-on with an administrator-level user name.
2. Install the HDI. (When a component is selected, be sure to select [PC Card Driver
(PCMCIA)].)
3. Insert the PCMCIA-card emulator in the host computer’s slot. Refer to section 2.3,
Connecting the Host Computer with the Card Emulator.
4. The hardware is now recognized and the driver is automatically installed.*
Note: When [Found New Hardware Wizard] is displayed, select the [Search for a suitable driver
for my device (recommended).] radio button and then the [Specify a location] check box
to select the path to be searched for drivers. The location must be specified according to
the emulator type, as indicated below:
When using the PCI-card emulator: <Drive>:\DRIVERS\PCI\2000
When using the PCMCIA-card emulator: <Drive>:\DRIVERS\PCMCIA\2000
(<Drive> is the CD-ROM drive name.)
10
2.3
Connecting the Host Computer with the Card Emulator
Insert the card emulator into the PCMCIA TYPE II slot or the PCI slot of the host computer
(figures 2.2 and 2.3).
Note: Be sure to install the HDI before the card emulator is inserted.
Figure 2.2 Inserting the PCMCIA Card Emulator into the Host Computer
Figure 2.3 Inserting the PCI Card Emulator into the Host Computer
Use the procedure, described in section 2.4, to connect the emulator to the user system with the
user system interface cable, or to disconnect them when moving the emulator or the user system.
11
Note: When installing the PCI card emulator, note the following:
1. Turn off the host computer.
2. Insert the emulator into the PCI slot in parallel.
3. Screw in the emulator after confirming the connector and cable positions.
2.4
Connecting the Card Emulator with the User System
(1) The connector must be installed to the user system. Table 2.1 shows the recommended
connector for the emulator.
Table 2.1 Recommended Connector
Type Number
Manufacturer
Specifications
2514-6002
3M Limited
14-pin straight type
Note: When the connector is used, do not install any components within 3 mm of the
connector.
(2) The pin arrangement of the connector is shown in section 6.2, Pin Arrangement of the HitachiUDI Port Connector.
(3) Figure 2.4 shows how to connect the user system interface cable to the user system. Connect
the ground line of the cable to the user system ground. The end of the ground line has a hole
having a diameter of 3 mm, and therefore, when the ground line is screwed to the user system,
the screw diameter must be 3 mm.
Figure 2.4 Connecting the User System Interface Cable to the User System
12
Notes:
1.
To connect the signals output from the connector, refer to the MCU pin
alignment.
2.
To remove the user system interface cable from the user system, pull the tab
on the connector upward.
3.
The range of communications that the emulator operates at is different
according to the MCUs used.
4.
Connect the signals from the connector as shown in section 6.2, Pin
Arrangement of the Hitachi-UDI Port Connector.
13
2.5
System Check
When the HDI program is executed, check that the emulator operates correctly according to the
following procedure:
1. Check that the card emulator is inserted into the host computer.
2. Connect the user system interface cable to the connector of the card emulator.
3. Connect the user system interface cable to the Hitachi-UDI port connector.
4. Power on the host computer and select [HDI for E10A H8Sxxxx] -> [Hitachi Debugging
Interface] from the [Start] menu.
Figure 2.5 [Start] Menu
14
5. Power on the user system and select the setting to be used.
Figure 2.6 [Select Session] Dialog Box
15
6.
The [E10A Driver Details] dialog box is displayed. With the [Driver] combo box, select the
driver to connect the HDI with the emulator. [Interface] displays the interface name of the PC
interface board to be connected, and [Channel] displays the interface to which the board is
connected. Once the driver is selected in the [E10A Driver Details] dialog box, this dialog
box is not displayed when the HDI is run next time. (This procedure will not be executed by
target MCUs.)
Figure 2.7 [E10A Driver Details] Dialog Box
• With the [Driver] combo box, select the driver to connect the HDI with the emulator.
• [Interface] displays the interface name of the card emulator to be connected, and [Channel]
displays the interface to which the board is connected.
[Driver] combo box: Select [E10A PC Card Driver 5] to use the PCMCIA card emulator.
Select [E10A PCI Card Driver 5] to use the PCI card emulator. For
details, refer to table 6.3 in section 6.4.1, Emulator Driver Selection.
[Interface] combo box: Select [PC Card] to use the PCMCIA card emulator.
Select [PCI] to use the PCI card emulator. (If the driver is not
installed, the [PC Card] or [PCI] is not displayed.)
• Click the [Close] button.
16
7. Supply power to the user system.
The subsequent procedures depend on the activation mode that was selected in step 5.
2.5.1 H8S/xxxx E10A Emulator Mode
This mode is used for debugging in the emulator.
1. After the [System Clock] window appears, input the system clock frequency. This frequency
value is used when writing and erasing flash memory in the emulator.
Figure 2.8 [System Clock] Dialog Box
2. Set an eight-digit hexadecimal ID code as a security code for the flash memory. Input this ID
code when [H8S/xxxx E10A Emulator] is selected and the [New registration] check box is
unselected on activating the HDI. If the ID code is not matched, the flash memory contents
are erased.
Figure 2.9 [ID Code] Dialog Box
3. When "Link up" appears on the status bar, the user and emulator programs have been
downloaded to the flash memory, and the HDI initialization is complete.
Figure 2.10 [HDI] Status Bar
17
Notes: 1. When the HDI is not linked up even if the above procedure has been executed, the
driver will not be set correctly. Install drivers provided with the \SETUP
directory in the CD-R according to the screen instructions.
2. If the user system interface cable is disconnected to the Hitachi-UDI port
connector on the user system during user program execution, the following dialog
box will be displayed.
Figure 2.11 [H-UDI Connector Disconnected] Dialog Box
3. If the emulator is not initiated, the following dialog boxes shown in figures 2.12
through 2.15 will be displayed.
(a) If the following dialog box is displayed, the user system may not be turned on or
the RESET signal may not have been correctly input to the MCU. Check the
power supply and input circuit for the reset pin on the user system.
Figure 2.12 [Can not find /RESET signal] Dialog Box
18
(b) If the following dialog box is displayed, check that the Hitachi-UDI port
connector on the user system is correctly connected.
Figure 2.13 [Check the connection] Dialog Box
(c) If the following dialog box is displayed, the MCU may not correctly operate.
Check if there are reasons for illegal MCU operation.
Figure 2.14 [COMMUNICATION TIMEOUT ERROR] Dialog Box
Figure 2.15 [INVALID ASERAM FIRMWARE!] Dialog Box
19
4.
If the driver is not correctly connected, the following dialog box will be displayed.
Figure 2.16 [Unable to restore the previous driver settings] Dialog Box
The [E10A Driver Details] dialog box is displayed when the [OK] button is clicked.
Select the correct driver. For details, refer to section 6.4.1, Emulator Driver
Selection.
2.5.2 Writing H8S/xxxx E10A Flash memory Mode
In this mode the emulator is used as a flash memory writer. The following procedures apply when
[Writing H8S/xxxx E10A Flash memory] is selected from the activation modes listed in the
[Select Session] dialog box.
1. After the [System Clock] window appears, input the system clock frequency.
Figure 2.17 [System Clock] Dialog Box
20
2. When the [Load Program] window appears, specify a user program to be downloaded. Click
the [Open] button to start downloading.
Figure 2.18 [Load Program] Dialog Box
3. When the program has been downloaded, the memory area that the checksum value and the
program code have been written appears.
Figure 2.19 Checksum Value after Downloading the Program
Figure 2.20 [HDI] Dialog Box
21
4. The [Continue] window appears. When the [OK] button is clicked, a message is displayed to
request that power be supplied. Turn off the power, exchange the MCU, and supply power.
Repeat operations 1 to 3 until the [Exit] button is clicked. When the [Exit] button is clicked,
the HDI is terminated.
Figure 2.21 [Continue?] Window
Notes: 1. When the HDI does not link up, and the above procedures have been executed, the
driver setting must be incorrect. Install a driver from the \SETUP directory of
the CD-R according to the screen instructions.
2. If the user system interface cable is disconnected from the connector on the user
system, the following dialog box will appear.
Figure 2.22 [Connector disconnected] Dialog Box
3. If the emulator is not properly initialized, the following dialog box will appear.
If the following dialog box is displayed, the flash memory cannot be erased.
Exchange the MCU since the flash memory has been rewritten to more times than
the guaranteed value.
Figure 2.23 [Flash memory erase error!] Dialog Box
22
2.6
Ending the HDI
Power off the emulator by using the following procedure:
1. Select [Exit] from the [File] menu to end the HDI. When the [Exit HDI] dialog box is
displayed, click the [Yes] button.
Figure 2.24 [Exit HDI] Dialog Box
2. Then, the [Save session] dialog box is displayed. If necessary, click the [Yes] button to save
session. After saving session, the HDI ends. If not necessary, click the [No] button to end the
HDI.
Figure 2.25 [Save session] Dialog Box
3. Turn the user system off.
23
2.7
Uninstalling the HDI
Follow this procedure to remove the installed HDI from the user’s host computer.
1.
Open [Add/Remove Programs Properties] from the control panel. Select the HDI program
from the list and click the [Add/Remove…] button.
2.
The setup program is executed again and the installed application can be changed, modified,
or removed. When the application is to be uninstalled, select removal.
CAUTION
A shared file may be detected while the program is being
removed. If another HDI may be using the shared file, do not
remove the file. When Microsoft Windows NT4.0 operating
system is used, the removal of the registry information on the
driver may be asked. If other HDI may use the target driver,
do not remove the registry information. If another HDI does
not start up after the removal process, re-install that HDI.
24
Section 3 Tutorial
3.1
Introduction
The following describes the main functions of the emulator by using a tutorial program.
The tutorial program is based on the C program that sorts ten random data items in ascending or
descending order. The tutorial program performs the following actions:
• The main function generates random data to be sorted.
• The sort function sorts the generated random data in ascending order.
• The change function then sorts the data in descending order.
The tutorial program is included in the sort.c file. The compiled load module is provided in
the Sysrof format and is included in the tutorial.abs file.
Table 3.1 lists the tutorial program configuration.
Table 3.1 Tutorial Program: Configuration and Parts
Item
Contents
Workspace for HEW V1.2
[Installation directory]\tutorial\tutorial.hws
Load module
[Installation directory]\tutorial\tutorial\Debug\tutorial.abs
Main program (source file)
[Installation directory]\tutorial\tutorial\tutorial.c
Stack information file
[Installation directory]\tutorial\tutorial\Debug\tutorial.sni
Notes: 1. This section describes general usage examples of the emulator. For each product
specifications, refer to section 6 or on-line help.
2.
This program was created by using Hitachi Embedded Workshop (hereafter
referred to as HEW) V1.2. Older versions of HEW will not open the workspace
included with the package, so create a new workspace in such situations.
3.
This program was compiled without optimization. If recompiled with different
settings, the addresses may differ from those given in this section.
4.
tutorial.abs is a load module in the Dwarf2 format. If a load module is
recreated in the Sysrof format, the amount of information displayed on the HDI
screen during the program’s execution will be reduced.
5.
This section describes general usage examples for the emulator. For the
specifications of particular products, refer to section 6 or the online help file.
25
3.2
Running the HDI
To run the HDI, select [HDI for E10A H8Sxxxx] -> [Hitachi Debugging Interface] from the
[Start] menu.
Figure 3.1 [Start] Menu
For the procedure of running the HDI, refer to section 2.5, System Check.
26
3.3
[HDI] Window
Figure 3.2 [HDI] Window
The key functions of the HDI are described in section 4, Descriptions of Windows. Numbers in
figure 3.2 indicate the following:
1. Menu bar: Gives the user access to the HDI commands for using the HDI debugger.
2. Toolbar: Provides convenient buttons as shortcuts for the most frequently used menu
commands.
3. Program window: Displays the source program being debugged.
4. Status bar: Displays the status of the emulator, and progress information about
downloading.
5. [Help] button: Activates on-line help about any features of the HDI user interface.
27
3.4
Setting up the Emulator
The following MCU conditions must be set up on the emulator before downloading the program:
• Device type
• Execution mode
The following describes how to set up the emulator for the tutorial programs.
3.5
Setting the [Configuration] Dialog Box
• Select [Configure Platform...] from the [Setup] menu to set configuration. The
[Configuration] dialog box is displayed.
Figure 3.3 [Configuration] Dialog Box
Note: The items that can be set in this window differ according to the product. For the
settings for each product, refer to the on-line help.
28
Set options as follows:
Table 3.2 Setting the [Configuration] Dialog Box
Option
Value
Mode
H8S/xxxx (default)
Emulation mode
Normal (normal execution, default)
Step option (Disables interrupt during single step
execution)
Disables interrupts during single step
execution (default)
JTAG clock
4.125 MHz (default)
Operating Mode
Operating mode determined by setting the
mode pin (default)
Flash memory synchronization
Disable (default)
• Click the [OK] button to set any changes in the configuration.
29
3.6
Downloading the Tutorial Program
3.6.1
Downloading the Tutorial Program
Download the object program to be debugged.
• Select [Load Program...] from the [File] menu. The [Load Program] dialog box is displayed.
Enter the [Offset] edit box and [File name] list box as shown in figure 3.4 and click the [Open]
button.
Figure 3.4 [Load Program] Dialog Box
When the file has been loaded, the following dialog box displays information about the
memory areas that have been filled with the program code.
Figure 3.5 [HDI] Dialog Box
• Click the [OK] button to continue.
30
3.6.2
Displaying the Source Program
The HDI allows the user to debug a program at the source level.
• Select [Source...] from the [View] menu. The [Open] dialog box is displayed.
• Select the C source file that corresponds to the object file the user has loaded.
Figure 3.6 [Open] Dialog Box
31
• Select [Sort.c] and click the [Open] button. The [Program] window is displayed.
Figure 3.7 [Program] Window (Displaying the Source Program)
• If necessary, select the [Font...] option from the [Customize] submenu on the [Setup] menu to
select a clear font and size.
Initially the [Program] window shows the start of the main program, but the user can use the scroll
bar to scroll through the program to see the other statements.
32
3.7
Setting the Software Breakpoint
A breakpoint is one of the easy debugging functions.
The [Program] window provides a very simple way of setting a software breakpoint at any point
in a program. For example, to set a breakpoint at the sort function call:
• Select by double-clicking the [BP] column on the line containing the sort function call.
Figure 3.8 [Program] Window (Setting a Software Breakpoint)
The word [• Break] will be displayed on the line containing the sort function to show that
a software breakpoint is set.
33
3.8
Setting Registers
Set values of the program counter and the stack pointer before executing the program.
• Select [Registers] from the [View] menu. The [Registers] window is displayed.
Figure 3.9 [Registers] Window
• To change the value of the program counter (PC), double-click the value area in the
[Registers] window with the mouse. The following dialog box is then displayed, and the value
can be changed.
Figure 3.10 [Register] Dialog Box (PC)
• Set the program counter to H’1000 in this tutorial program, and click the [OK] button.
• To change the value of the stack pointer (SP), move the mouse pointer on the value to be
changed in the [ER7] value area in the [Registers] window and enter the new value by the
34
keyboard, or double-click the value area with the mouse. The following dialog box is then
displayed.
Figure 3.11 [Register] Dialog Box (ER7)
• Set the value of the stack pointer to H’FFFC00 in this tutorial program, and click the [OK]
button.
35
3.9
Executing the Program
Execute the program as described in the following:
• To execute the program, select [Go] from the [Run] menu, or click the [Go] button on the
toolbar.
Figure 3.12 [Go] Button
• Or, select [Reset Go] from the [Run] menu or click the [Reset Go] button on the toolbar.
Figure 3.13 [Reset Go] Button
The program will be executed up to the breakpoint that has been inserted, and a statement will
be highlighted in the [Program] window to show the position that the program has halted, with
the message [Break=BREAKPOINT] in the status bar.
Figure 3.14 [Program] Window (Break Status)
36
The user can see the cause of the break that occurred last time in the [System Status] window.
• Select [Status] from the [View] menu. After the [System Status] window is displayed, open
the [Platform] page, and check the status of Cause of last break.
Figure 3.15 [System Status] Window
Note: The items that can be displayed in this window differ according to the product. For
the items that can be displayed, refer to the on-line help.
37
The [System Status] window displays the following items in each page.
Table 3.3 Contents of the [System Status] Window
Page
Item
Description
[Session]
Target System
Always displays Connected.
Session Name
Displays the session file name.
Program Name
Displays the load module file name.
Connected To:
Displays the name of the connected emulator and the
selected driver name.
CPU
Displays the target MCU name.
Run status
Displays the execution status:
RUNNING: Being executed
Break: Stopped
Cause of last break
Displays the cause of the emulator stopping at break. In
this example, the cause of the stop is BREAK POINT.
Run time count
Displays the program execution time. The display format
is h: hours, min: minutes, s: seconds, and ms:
milliseconds. In this example, 0h0min3s110ms is
displayed.
Emulator mode
Displays the emulator operating mode (setting
information for [Emulation Mode] of the [Configuration]
dialog box).
[Memory]
Loaded Memory
Areas
Displays the loaded area of the load module.
[Events]
Resources
Displays the usage states of BREAKPOINT and Break
Condition.
[Platform]
38
3.10
Reviewing Breakpoints
The user can see all the breakpoints set in the program in the [Breakpoints] window.
• Select [Breakpoints] from the [View] menu.
Figure 3.16 [Breakpoints] Window
The pop-up menu, opened by clicking the [Breakpoints] window with the right mouse button,
also allows the user to set or change breakpoints, define new breakpoints, and delete, enable,
or disable breakpoints.
39
3.11
Viewing Memory
The user can view the contents of a memory block in the [Memory] window. For example, to
view the memory contents corresponding to the main in word size:
• Select [Memory …] from the [View] menu, enter main in the [Address] edit box, and set
Word in the [Format] combo box.
Figure 3.17 [Open Memory Window] Dialog Box
• Click the [OK] button. The [Memory] window showing the specified area of memory is
displayed.
Figure 3.18 [Memory] Window
40
3.12
Watching Variables
As the user steps through a program, it is possible to watch that the values of variables used in the
user program are changed. For example, set a watch on the long-type array a declared at the
beginning of the program, by using the following procedure:
• Click the left of displayed array a in the [Program] window to position the cursor.
• Click the [Program] window with the right mouse button and select [Instant Watch...] from a
pop-up menu.
The following dialog box will be displayed.
Figure 3.19 [Instant Watch] Dialog Box
41
• Click [Add Watch] button to add a variable to the [Watch] window.
Figure 3.20 [Watch] Window (Displaying the Array)
The user can also add a variable to the [Watch] window by specifying its name.
• Click the [Watch] window with the right mouse button and select [Add Watch] from the popup menu.
The following dialog box will be displayed.
Figure 3.21 [Add Watch] Dialog Box
• Input variable max and click the [OK] button.
42
The [Watch] window will now also show the long-type variable max.
Figure 3.22 [Watch] Window (Displaying the Variable)
The user can double-click the + symbol to the left of any variable in the [Watch] window to
watch the all elements in array a.
Figure 3.23 [Watch] Window (Displaying Array Elements)
43
3.13
Stepping Through a Program
The HDI provides a range of step menu commands that allow efficient program debugging.
Table 3.4 Step Option
Menu
Command
Description
Step In
Executes each statement, including statements within functions.
Step Over
Executes a function call in a single step.
Step Out
Steps out of a function, and stops at the statement following the statement in the
program that called the function.
Step…
Steps the specified times repeatedly at a specified rate.
44
3.13.1
Executing [Step In] Command
The [Step In] steps into the called function and stops at the first statement of the called function.
• To step through the sort function, select [Step In] from the [Run] menu, or click the [Step
In] button in the toolbar.
Figure 3.24 [Step In] Button
Figure 3.25 [Program] Window (Step In)
• The highlighted line moves to the first statement of the sort function in the [Program]
window.
45
3.13.2
Executing [Step Out] Command
The [Step Out] steps out of the called function and stops at the next statement of the calling
statement in the main function.
• To step out of the sort function, select [Step Out] from the [Run] menu, or click the [Step
Out] button in the toolbar.
Figure 3.26 [Step Out] Button
Figure 3.27 [Program] Window (Step Out)
• The data of variable a displayed in the [Watch] window is sorted in ascending order.
46
• To execute two steps, use [Step In] twice.
Figure 3.28 [Program] Window (Step In −> Step In)
• The value of max displayed in the [Watch] window is changed to the maximum data value.
47
3.13.3
Executing [Step Over] Command
The [Step Over] executes a function call as a single step and stops at the next statement of the
main program.
• Using [Step Over], execute two steps to reach the change function statement.
Figure 3.29 [Program] Window (Before Step Over Execution)
• To step through all statements in the change function at a single step, select [Step Over] from
the [Run] menu, or click the [Step Over] button in the toolbar.
Figure 3.30 [Step Over] Button
48
Figure 3.31 [Program] Window (Step Over)
When the last statement of the change function is executed, the data of variable a, which is
displayed in the [Watch] window, is sorted in descending order.
49
3.14
Displaying Local Variables
The user can display local variables in a function using the [Locals] window. For example, we
will examine the local variables in the main function, which declares five local variables: a, j, i,
min, and max.
• Select [Locals] from the [View] menu. The [Locals] window is displayed.
Initially, the [Locals] window is empty because local variables have not yet been declared.
• Select [Step In] from the [Run] menu to execute a single step.
The [Locals] window will now show the local variables and their values.
Figure 3.32 [Locals] Window
• Double-click the + symbol in front of array a in the [Locals] window to display the elements
of array a.
• Refer to the elements of array a before and after the execution of the sort function, and
confirm that random data is sorted in descending order.
50
3.15
Break Function
The emulator has software and hardware break functions. With the HDI, a software breakpoint
can be set using the [Breakpoints] window, and a hardware break condition can be set using the
[Break condition 1] dialog box.
An overview and setting of the break function are described below.
3.15.1
Software Break Function
The emulator can set up to 255 software breakpoints. Setting a software breakpoint is described
below.
• Select [Breakpoints] from the [View] menu. The [Breakpoints] window is displayed.
• Click the [Breakpoints] window with the right mouse button and select [Delete All] from the
pop-up menu to cancel all the breakpoints that have been set.
Figure 3.33 [Breakpoints] Window (Before Software Breakpoint Setting)
• Click the [Breakpoints] window with the right mouse button and select [Add] from the pop-up
menu.
51
The [Break] dialog box is displayed. The [Point] page is displayed as a default.
Figure 3.34 [Point] Page ([Break] Dialog Box)
• Click the [Add...] button to display the [Breakpoint] dialog box.
52
• Enter H'10a4 to the [Value] edit box.
Figure 3.35 [Breakpoint] Dialog Box
• Click the [OK] button.
53
The [Break] dialog box is displayed. The address set in the value field of [Breakpoint] is
displayed.
Figure 3.36 [Point] Page ([Break] Dialog Box) (After Software Breakpoint Setting)
• Click the [Close] button.
54
The software breakpoint that has been set is displayed in the [Breakpoints] window.
Figure 3.37 [Breakpoints] Window (Software Breakpoint Setting)
To stop the tutorial program at the breakpoint, the following procedure must be executed:
• Close the [Breakpoints] window.
• Click the [Reset Go] button.
The program runs, and stops at the set breakpoint.
Figure 3.38 [Program] Window at Execution Stop (Software Break)
55
The [System Status] window displays the following contents.
Figure 3.39 Displayed Contents of the [System Status] Window (Software Break)
Note: The items that can be displayed in this window differ according to the product. For
the items that can be displayed, refer to the on-line help.
56
3.16
Hardware Break Function
A method is given below in which the address bus condition and the read cycles for the state
condition are set under Break condition 1 as hardware break conditions.
• Select [Breakpoint Window] from the [View] menu. The [Breakpoints] window is displayed.
• Click the [Breakpoints] window with the right mouse button and select [Delete All] from the
pop-up menu to cancel all breakpoints that have been set.
• Click the [Breakpoints] window with the right mouse button and select [Add] from the pop-up
menu.
Figure 3.40 [Breakpoints] Window (Before Hardware Break Condition Setting)
57
The [Break] dialog box is displayed. To set hardware break conditions, select [Condition] in the
[Break] dialog box to display the [Condition] page.
Figure 3.41 [Condition] Page ([Break] Dialog Box)
Up to two breakpoints can be set independently for the hardware break condition. In this example,
set the hardware break condition for Break condition 1.
Note: Note that the number of hardware break conditions differs according to the product.
For the number that can be specified for each product, refer to the on-line help.
58
• Highlight the first point in the [Break condition] list box.
• Click the [Edit...] button. The [Break condition 1] dialog box is displayed.
• Clear the [Don't care] check box in the [Address] page.
• Select the [Only program fetched address after] radio button and enter H'108C as the value in
the [Address] edit box.
Figure 3.42 [condition] Page ([Break condition 1] Dialog Box)
Note: The items that can be set in this window differ according to the product. For the
settings for each product, refer to the on-line help.
• Click the [OK] button.
• The [Break] dialog box is displayed. Check the first point display in the [Break condition] list
box is changed from Empty to Enable.
59
Figure 3.43 [Break] Dialog Box (After Hardware Break Condition Setting)
Note: Note that the number of hardware break conditions differs according to the product.
For the number that can be specified for each product, refer to the on-line help.
• Click the [Close] button.
60
The newly set hardware breakpoint is displayed in the [Breakpoints] window. With this setting,
Break condition 1 is displayed in [Type] in the [Breakpoints] window.
This completes the setting of the Break condition 1 hardware break condition. When the program
is executed, a break will occur when address H'108C is accessed in a read cycle.
Figure 3.44 [Breakpoints] Window ([Break condition 1] Setting)
• Close the [Breakpoints] window.
• Click the [Reset Go] button.
61
The program runs then stops at the condition specified under Break condition 1.
Figure 3.45 [Program] Window at Execution Stop (Break condition 1)
62
The [System Status] window displays the following contents.
Figure 3.46 Displayed Contents of the [System Status] Window (Break condition 1)
Note: The items that can be displayed in this window differ according to the product. For
the items that can be displayed, refer to the on-line help.
63
3.17
Trace Function
The trace function of the E10A emulator is described.
The branch source addresses, mnemonics, operands, and source lines are displayed. Since this
function uses the trace buffer built into the MCU, a realtime trace can be acquired.
Run the program as shown in the example of section 3.15.1, Software Break Function. The trace
results are displayed in the [Trace] window after the program execution is completed.
Figure 3.47 [Trace] Window
• If necessary, adjust the column width by dragging the header bar immediately below the title
bar.
Note: The number of branch instructions that can be acquired by a trace differs according
to the product. For the number that can be specified for each product, refer to the
on-line help.
64
3.18
What Next?
This tutorial has described the major features of the emulator and the use of the HDI.
Sophisticated debugging can be carried out by using the emulation functions that the emulator
offers. This provides for effective investigation of hardware and software problems by accurately
isolating and identifying the conditions under which such problems arise.
Further details on the use of the HDI can be found in the separately issued Hitachi Debugging
Interface User's Manual.
65
66
Section 4 Descriptions of Windows
4.1
HDI Windows
HDI window menu bars and the corresponding pull-down menus are listed in table 4.1. Where a
description of a menu is included in the Hitachi Debugging Interface User's Manual or in this
manual, an O mark or the relevant section number is shown. Related commands in the E10A
Emulator User's Manual are also shown.
Table 4.1 HDI Window Menus and Related Manual Entries
Menu Bar
File menu
Pull-Down Menu
New Session…
Load Session…
Save Session
Save Session As…
Load Program…
Initialize
Exit
Edit Menu
Cut
Copy
Paste
Find…
Evaluate…
Hitachi
Debugging
Interface
User's Manual
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
This
Manual
—
—
2.6
—
3.6.1
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
67
Table 4.1 HDI Window Menus and Related Manual Entries (cont)
Menu Bar
Pull-Down Menu
View Menu
Breakpoints
Command Line
Disassembly...
I/O Registers
Labels
Locals
Memory...
Performance Analysis
Profile-List
Profile-Tree
Registers
Source…
Status
Trace
Watch
Localized Dump Window
Run Menu
Reset CPU
Go
Reset Go
Go to Cursor
Set PC To Cursor
Run…
Step In
Step Over
Step Out
Step…
Halt
68
Hitachi
Debugging
Interface
User's Manual
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
This
Manual
3.10, 3.15.1, 4.2.3, 6.4.3
—
—
—
—
3.14
3.11
—
—
—
3.8
3.6.2
3.9, 3.15.1, 4.2.9
4.2.8, 6.4.4
3.12
—
—
3.9
—
—
—
—
3.13.1
3.13.3
3.13.2
—
—
Table 4.1 HDI Window Menus and Related Manual Entries (cont)
Menu Bar
Pull-Down Menu
Memory Menu Refresh
Load
Save
Verify
Test
Fill
Copy
Compare
Setup Menu
Status bar
Options
Radix
Customise
Configure Platform…
Window Menu Cascade
Tile
Arrange Icons
Close All
Help Menu
Index
Using Help
Search for Help on
About HDI
Hitachi
Debugging
Interface
User's Manual
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
This Manual
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
3.5, 4.2
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
69
4.2
Descriptions of Each Window
This section describes each window. Figures in this section are used as examples. Each E10A
emulator type has explanatory notes. Read section 6, H8S/xxxx E10A Emulator Specifications.
4.2.1
[Configuration] Dialog Box
Function:
This dialog box sets the emulation conditions of the emulator.
Window:
Figure 4.1 [Configuration] Dialog Box
Note: The items that can be set in this window differ according to the product. For the
settings for each product, refer to the on-line help.
70
Description:
The [Configuration] dialog box consists of the [General] page listed in table 4.2.
Table 4.2 [Configuration] Dialog Box Page
Page Name
Description
[General]
Sets the emulator operation conditions.
Clicking the [OK] button sets the emulation conditions. If the [Cancel] button is clicked, this
dialog box is closed without setting the emulation conditions.
71
(1) [General] Page ([Configuration] Dialog Box)
Function:
This page sets the operational conditions for the emulator. The MCU name is displayed, the
emulation mode and interrupts during step execution are set, the JTAG clock (TCK) is displayed
and set, and the driver is selected.
Window:
Figure 4.2 [General] Page ([Configuration] Dialog Box)
Note: The items that can be set in this window differ according to the product. For the
settings for each product, refer to the on-line help.
72
Description:
Table 4.3 [General] Page Options
Option
Description
[Mode] combo box
Displays the MCU name.
[Emulation mode] combo box
Selects the emulation mode at user program execution. Select
Normal to perform normal emulation. Select No Break to disable
breakpoint settings.
[Step option] combo box
Enables or disables interrupts during step execution.
Disables interrupts during single step execution: Interrupts during
step execution are masked.
Enables interrupts during single step execution: Interrupts during
step execution are released.
[JTAG clock] combo box
Sets the JTAG frequency*.
[Operating mode] combo box
Displays the operating mode determined by the MD pin.
[Flash memory synchronization] Synchronization method is set between the host computer and
combo box
the flash memory.
When synchronization is performed from the host computer to
the flash memory, a waiting time will be generated to write the
flash memory during user program halting, but the displayed
contents and the flash memory are always matched.
When synchronization is performed from the flash memory to the
host computer, the rewritten contents in the user program mode
will be reflected since the flash memory is read during user
program halting.
Disable: Synchronization is not performed except when the
E10A emulator is activated and the flash memory area is
modified.
PC to Flash memory: Synchronization is performed from the
host computer t the flash memory.
Flash memory to PC: Synchronization is performed from the
flash memory to the host computer.
PC to Flash memory, Flash memory to PC: Synchronization is
performed between the host computer and the flash memory.
[Driver] group box
The [E10A Driver Details] dialog box is displayed. Changes the
driver currently connected.
Note: The range of frequencies that the JTAG operates at is different according to the devices
used. For details, refer to section 6.5.4, Notes on Using the JTAG Clock (TCK).
73
When a driver is to be changed with the [Change…] button, the following message is displayed.
Figure 4.3 Warning Message Box
When the [Yes] button is clicked, the [E10A Driver Details] dialog box is displayed. When the
[No] button is clicked, the display returns to the [Configuration] dialog box.
Related Items:
[Configuration] dialog box
GO_OPTION command
STEP_INTERRUPT command
74
4.2.2
[E10A Driver Details] Dialog Box
When the [OK] button is clicked, the [E10A Driver Details] dialog box will appear to select the
driver software used by the interface to the emulator. Since the emulator is reinitialized after this
dialog box is closed, it cannot be cancelled.
Figure 4.4 [E10A Driver Details] Dialog Box
Table 4.4 shows each option.
Table 4.4 [E10A Driver Details] Dialog Box Option
Option
Description
[Driver] combo box
Selects the driver to connect the HDI with the emulator.
[Interface] combo box
Selects the interface name of the card emulator to be connected.
[Channel] combo box
Selects the interface that the PC interface board has been connected.
[Configure...] button
Clicked to display that the driver supports the configuration dialog box.
75
When the PCMCIA card emulator is used, [E10A PC Card Driver 5] is selected. When the PCI
card emulator is used, [E10A PCI Card Driver 5] is selected.
Note: When the HDI is not linked up even if the above procedure has been executed, the driver
may not be set correctly. Install drivers provided with the \SETUP directory in the CD-R
according to the screen instructions.
Related Items:
[Configuration] dialog box
[General] page
4.2.3
[Breakpoints] Window
Function:
This window lists all break conditions that have been set.
Window:
Figure 4.5 [Breakpoints] Window
76
Description:
The [Breakpoints] window displays breakpoint setting information. The items listed in the
following tables are displayed.
Table 4.5 [Breakpoints] Window Display Items
Item
Description
[Enable]
Indicates whether the break condition is enabled or disabled.
Symbol l or m shows that the break condition is enabled.
[File/Line]
Displays the file name and line number where the breakpoint is set.
[Symbol]
Displays the symbol corresponding to the breakpoint address. If no symbol has
been defined for the address, a blank is displayed.
[Address]
Displays the address where the breakpoint is set.
[Type]
Displays the break condition type as follows:
Breakpoint: Software breakpoint
Break condition n: Hardware break condition (n is a number)
The pop-up menu, which is opened by clicking the right mouse button, can be used to set, change,
and clear breakpoints, and to enable or disable break conditions. The pop-up menu functions are
described in the following table.
Table 4.6 [Breakpoints] Window Pop-up Menu Operation
Menu Name
Description
[Add]
Sets break conditions. Clicking this button will display the [Break] dialog
box, enabling break conditions to be set.
[Edit]
Changes break conditions. Select break conditions to be changed and
click this button. The break condition setting dialog box will be displayed,
enabling the break condition to be changed.
[Disable]
([Enable])
Enables or disables break conditions. Select break conditions to be
enabled or disabled and click this button.
[Delete]
Clears break conditions. Select break conditions to be cleared and click
this button.
[Delete All]
Clears all break conditions.
[Go to Source]
Jumps to the address which sets the break in the [Source] window.
77
4.2.4
[Break] Dialog Box
Function:
This dialog box displays the break condition settings.
Window:
Figure 4.6 [Break] Dialog Box
78
Description:
The [Break] dialog box consists of the pages listed in table 4.7.
Table 4.7 [Break] Dialog Box Pages
Page Name
Description
[Point]
Displays software breakpoint settings.
[Condition]
Displays Break Condition settings.
The dialog boxes which set or modify break conditions can be displayed from the pages above.
Clicking the [Close] button will close this dialog box. The [Apply] button is not supported.
79
(1) [Point] Page ([Break] Dialog Box)
Function:
This page displays software breakpoint settings. In this page, software breakpoints can be set,
changed, and cleared.
Window:
Figure 4.7 [Point] Page ([Break] Dialog Box)
80
Description:
Table 4.8 [Point] Page Options
Option
Description
[Breakpoint] list box
Lists the software breakpoints currently being set.
The display contents are as follows:
<breakpoint address>
[Add...] button
Sets software breakpoints. Clicking this button displays the
[Breakpoint] dialog box.
[Edit...] button
Changes the software breakpoint selected in the [Breakpoint] list box.
Clicking this button displays the [Breakpoint] dialog box.
[Reset] button
Clears the software breakpoint selected in the [Breakpoint] list box.
[Reset all] button
Clears all software breakpoints displayed in the [Breakpoint] list box.
Related Items:
[Breakpoint] dialog box
BREAKPOINT command
BREAKPOINT_CLEAR command
BREAKPOINT_DISPLAY command
BREAKPOINT_ENABLE command
81
(2) [Condition] Page ([Break] Dialog Box)
Function:
This page displays the Break Condition settings. These conditions can also be set or cleared in
this page.
Window:
Figure 4.8 [Condition] Page ([Break] Dialog Box)
Note: Note that the number of hardware break conditions differs according to the product.
For the number that can be specified for each product, refer to the on-line help.
82
Description:
Table 4.9 [Condition] Page Options
Option
Description
[Break condition] list box Displays the Break condition settings.
The display at system initiation is as follows: When conditions are set,
Enable is displayed. When no conditions are set, Empty is displayed.
1 Empty (setting of Break condition 1)
2 Empty (setting of Break condition 2)
:
[Edit...] button
Changes the Break condition settings selected in the [Break condition] list
box. Clicking this button displays the [Break condition] dialog boxes.
[Reset] button
Clears the Break condition settings selected in the [Break condition] list
box.
[Reset all] button
Clears all Break condition settings in the [Break condition] list box.
Related Items:
[condition] page
BREAKCONDITION_CLEAR command
BREAKCONDITION_DISPLAY command
BREAKCONDITION_ENABLE command
BREAKCONDITION_SET command
83
4.2.5
[Breakpoint] Dialog Box
Function:
This dialog box sets software breakpoints.
Window:
Figure 4.9 [Breakpoint] Dialog Box
Note: The items that can be set in this window differ according to the product. For the
settings for each product, refer to the on-line help.
84
Description:
The [Address] page options are as follows:
Table 4.10 [Address] Page Options
Option
Description
[Value] edit box
Sets a breakpoint address with a number or a symbol.
Clicking the [OK] button enables breakpoints to be set. If the [Cancel] button is clicked, this
dialog box is closed without setting breakpoints.
Related Items:
[Point] page
BREAKPOINT command
BREAKPOINT_CLEAR command
BREAKPOINT_DISPLAY command
BREAKPOINT_ENABLE command
85
4.2.6
[Break condition] Dialog Box
Function:
This dialog box sets hardware break conditions.
Window:
Figure 4.10 [Break condition 1] Dialog Box
Note: The items that can be set in this window differ according to the product. For the
settings for each product, refer to the on-line help.
86
Description:
The [Break condition] dialog box consists of the [condition] page. Sets the conditions for halting
the program.
Contents to be set by this page are described in section 4.2.7, [Break condition] Dialog Box Pages.
Clicking the [OK] button sets the hardware break conditions. If the [Cancel] button is clicked, the
dialog box is closed without setting the hardware break conditions.
Related Items:
[condition] page
BREAKPOINT command
BREAKCONDITION_CLEAR command
BREAKCONDITION_DISPLAY command
BREAKCONDITION_ENABLE command
87
4.2.7
[Break condition] Dialog Box Pages
The [Break condition] dialog box page allows a number of hardware break conditions to be set.
Some functions may not be supported by some types of emulators. The setting conditions may
differ from those in table 4.11. For details, refer to section 6.5.2, Hardware Break Functions.
Table 4.11 Setting Conditions in [Break condition] Dialog Box
Type
Dialog Box
Address Bus
Condition
Data Bus Condition
Read/Write Condition
[Break condition 1]
dialog box
O
O
O
[Break condition 2]
dialog box
O
O
O
Note: O: Can be set by checking the radio button in the dialog box.
Table 4.12 shows the [Break condition] dialog box page.
Table 4.12 [Break condition] Dialog Box Pages
Page Name
Function
[condition]
Sets the address bus, data bus, and read/write cycle conditions of Break
condition.
Note: This function differs according to the product. For the specifications of each
product, refer to section 6.5.2, Hardware Break Functions, or to the on-line help.
88
(1) [condition] Page
Function:
This page sets the address bus, data bus, and read/write cycle conditions.
Window:
Figure 4.11 [condition] Page
Note: The items that can be set in this window differ according to the product. For the
settings for each product, refer to the on-line help.
89
Description:
The [Address] group box sets the address bus conditions.
Table 4.13 [Address] Group Box Options
Option
Description
[Don’t care] check box
Does not set address conditions.
[Address] radio button
Sets use of the normal address bus as break conditions.
[Only program fetched
address after] radio button
Sets a break after prefetched address execution as break conditions.
[Address] edit box
Sets the address bus value with a number or a symbol.
[Mask] list box
Sets the mask bits if [User mask] is selected. For masked bits, the
break condition is satisfied regardless of the address values.
The contents of an option that can be set will change depending on the radio button selected.
Table 4.14 Radio Button Options
Option
Description
[Address] radio button
All conditions can be set.
[Only program fetched address after] radio The [Address] condition can be set.
button
The [Data] group box sets the data bus conditions.
Table 4.15 [Data] Group Box Options
Option
Description
[Don’t care] check box
No data conditions are set.
[Value] edit box
Sets the data bus with a number.
[Low byte] radio button
Sets data access size as the lower 8-bit access.
[High byte] radio button
Sets data access size as the upper 8-bit access.
[Word] radio button
Sets data access size as the word access.
90
The [Read/Write] group box sets the read/write cycle conditions.
Table 4.16 [Read/Write] Group Box Options
Option
Description
[Read/Write] radio button
Sets the read/write cycle conditions as break conditions.
[Read] radio button
Sets read cycles as break conditions.
[Write] radio button
Sets write cycles as break conditions.
Related Items:
[Condition] page
BREAKCONDITION_CLEAR command
BREAKCONDITION_DISPLAY command
BREAKCONDITION_ENABLE command
BREAKCONDITION_SET command
91
4.2.8
[Trace] Window
Function:
This window displays the trace buffer contents. The contents are displayed in both C and
assembly languages to simplify debugging.
Window:
Figure 4.12 [Trace] Window
Note: This function differs according to the product. For the number that can be specified
for each product, refer to the on-line help.
92
Description:
This window displays the trace buffer contents. The items listed in table 4.17 are displayed.
Table 4.17 [Trace] Window Display Items
Item
Description
[IP]
Displays the instruction pointer (signed decimal).
[TYPE]
Displays the branch source.
BRANCH: Branch source
[ADDR]
Displays the branch source address.
[MNEMONIC]
Displays the execution instruction mnemonic.
[OPERAND]
Displays the execution instruction operand.
[Source]
Displays the C-source line of the address that the trace has been acquired.
[Total Records]
Displays the total number of instructions displayed as trace information in the
[Trace] window.
The pop-up menu, opened by clicking the right mouse button, can be used to set, change, and
clear trace conditions. For details, refer to the Hitachi Debugging Interface User’s Manual.
Note: The [Halt] menu in the pop-up menu is active only when the [Trace] window is open
during user program execution. Realtime emulation cannot be performed by using the
[Halt] menu.
Related Item:
TRACE_DISPLAY command
93
4.2.9
[System Status] Window
Function:
This window lists information, such as conditions that have been set to the emulator and execution
results.
Window:
Figure 4.13 [System Status] Window
Note: The items that can be displayed in this window differ according to the product. For
the items that can be displayed, refer to the on-line help.
94
Description:
The items listed in the following table are displayed in the [System Status] window.
Table 4.18 [System Status] Window Display Items
Page
Item
Description
[Session]
Target System
Displays whether the emulator is connected.
Session Name
Displays the session file name.
Program Name
Displays the load module file name.
Connected To
Displays the name of the connected emulator and the
selected driver name.
CPU
Displays the target MCU name.
Run status
Displays the execution status:
Running: Being executed
Break: Stopped
Cause of last break
Displays the cause of the emulator stopping at break.
Run time count
Displays the program execution time. The display format
is h: hours, min: minutes, s: seconds, and ms:
milliseconds. In this example, 0000h00min03s110ms is
displayed.
Emulator mode
Displays the emulator operating mode (setting
information for [Emulation Mode] of the [Configuration]
dialog box).
[Memory]
Loaded Memory
Areas
Displays the loaded area of the load module.
[Events]
Resources
Displays the usage states of software breakpoint and
Break condition.
[Platform]
Related Items:
[Configuration] dialog box
STATUS command
95
96
Section 5 Command-line Functions
5.1
Table and Symbol Description
This section describes the format used in section 5.2, Command Descriptions. The descriptions of
some commands are given over two or more pages.
5.1.1
Format
The input format for each command is as follows. Characters shown in bold-italics are to be
input.
[]
: Parameters enclosed by [ ] can be omitted.
< > : Contents shown in < > are set.
< >=: The parameter to the left of the "=" sign is input in the format shown to the right.
|
: This represents a non-exclusive selection.
||
: This represents an exclusive selection.
The command parameter details are described in the parameter table.
5.1.2
Parameter Input
Numerical Parameters:
A binary, octal, decimal, or hexadecimal value, a symbol, or a formula can be input. A symbol
can contain up to 32 characters. Terms in a formula are separated with operators (such as + or –).
Keyword Parameters:
One of the bold characters given in the description column of the table can be input. If a character
string not shown in the description is input, an error will occur.
Character-String Parameters:
Character-string parameters are used to input mask data or a file name. In the mask data, set a
radix (H’: hexadecimal or B’: binary) at the top of a character string and set * at the digit to be
masked.
97
5.1.3
Examples
These are actual input examples. For commands whose execution results in a specific display
output, an example of the display is given.
5.1.4
Related Items
Related E10A HDI commands (abbreviations) and dialog boxes are shown. (Refer to section 4,
Descriptions of Windows.)
98
5.2
Command Descriptions
The command list of the E10A emulator is shown below.
Table 5.1 E10A HDI Commands
No
Command
Abb.
Function
1
BREAKCONDITION_
CLEAR
BCC
Clears hardware breakpoints that have been set.
2
BREAKCONDITION_
DISPLAY
BCD
Displays hardware breakpoints that have been set.
3
BREAKCONDITION_
ENABLE
BCE
Enables or disables hardware breakpoints that have
been set.
4
BREAKCONDITION_
SET
BCS
Sets hardware breakpoints.
5
BREAKPOINT
BP
Sets software breakpoints.
6
BREAKPOINT_CLEAR
BC
Clears software breakpoints that have been set.
7
BREAKPOINT_DISPLAY
BD
Displays software breakpoints that have been set.
8
BREAKPOINT_ENABLE
BE
Enables or disables software breakpoints that have
been set.
9
DEVICE_TYPE
DE
Displays MCU type currently selected.
10
GO_OPTION
GP
Sets or displays the emulation mode during user
program execution.
11
JTAG_CLOCK
JCK
Displays or sets a JTAG clock (TCK) frequency.
12
REFRESH
RF
Updates the HDI memory information to the latest
contents.
13
RESET
RE
Resets the H8S/xxxx.
14
STATUS
STS
Displays emulator status information.
15
STEP_INTERRUPT
SI
Sets or displays the enable or disable status of
interrupts during step execution.
16
TRACE_DISPLAY
TD
Displays acquired trace information.
Note: Support for these commands varies with the product. For the specifications of each
product, refer to the on-line help.
99
5.2.1
BREAKCONDITION_CLEAR: BCC
Description:
Clears hardware breakpoints that have been set.
Format:
bcc [<channel>]
<channel> = channel <channel_number>
Table 5.2 BREAKCONDITION_CLEAR Command Parameter
Parameter
Type
Description
None
Examples:
To clear all hardware breakpoints:
>bcc (RET)
To clear all hardware breakpoints set at channel 2:
>bcc channel 2 (RET)
100
5.2.2
BREAKCONDITION_DISPLAY: BCD
Description:
Displays hardware breakpoints that have been set. The display contents include enable or disable
of the setting, and setting conditions.
Format:
bcd [<channel>]
<channel> = channel <channel_number>
Table 5.3 BREAKCONDITION_DISPLAY Command Parameter
Parameter
Type
Description
None
Examples:
To display all hardware breakpoint settings:
>bcd (RET)
Break Condition 1:Enable data 20 long
Break Condition 2:Disable address 126
To display the hardware breakpoint set at channel 1:
>bcd channel 1 (RET)
Break Condition 1:Enable data 20 long
Note: The items displayed with this command vary with the product. For the display
specifications of each product, refer to the on-line help.
101
5.2.3
BREAKCONDITION_ENABLE: BCE
Description:
Enables or disables hardware breakpoints that have been set.
Format:
bce [<channel>] <mode>
<channel> = channel <channel_number>
Table 5.4 BREAKCONDITION_ENABLE Command Parameter
Parameter
Type
Description
<mode>
Keyword
Enables or disables hardware breakpoint settings.
Set either of the following:
enable: Enables hardware break settings.
disable: Disables hardware break settings.
Examples:
To enable all hardware breakpoints:
>bce enable (RET)
To disable the hardware breakpoints set at channel 1:
>bce channel 1 disable (RET)
102
5.2.4
BREAKCONDITION_SET: BCS
Description:
Sets hardware breakpoints.
Note: The function will be different according to the MCUs used. For functions of each
emulator product, refer to section 6.4.2, Hardware Break Functions.
Format:
bcs <channel>
<channel>
<option>
<addropt>
<dataopt>
<r/wopt>
<option> [<option> ... ]
= channel <channel_number>
= [<addropt> | <dataopt> | <asidopt> | <r/wopt>]
= address <address> [<addrcycle>] || address mask <maskdata>
<addrcycle>
= data <data> <size>
= direction <direction>
103
Table 5.5 BREAKCONDITION_SET Command Parameters
Parameter
Type
Description
<address>
Numerical value,
character string
Numerical value or symbol representing an address
bus value
<addrcycle>
Keyword
Address bus access conditions
pcafter: The address bus is targeted during instruction
fetch cycles. Breaks after the instruction at the
address set by the <address> parameter is executed.
When <addrcycle> is omitted, the address in the
program fetch cycles, and the address bus during data
access cycles are targeted.
<maskdata>
Keyword
Address bus mask conditions
Conditions are satisfied regardless of the values of
masked bits. Set a radix H' or B' and set * in the bit to
be masked.
<data>
Numerical value
Data bus value
<size>
Keyword
Sets the access conditions of the data bus. When
<size> is omitted, a byte size is specified.
Specify either of the following:
lbyte: lower 8 bits
hbyte: upper 8 bits
word: word size
<direction>
Keyword
Read/write conditions
Set either of the following keywords:
read: read cycles
write: write cycles
Note: The parameters for this command vary with the product. For the specifications of
each product, refer to the on-line help.
104
Examples:
To set the following conditions as a hardware breakpoint:
Address condition: An address bus value of H'1000,
Data condition: A data bus value of H'55 and lower 8-bit byte access,
Read/write cycle condition: Read cycle.
>bcs address 1000 data 55 lbyte direction read (RET)
To set the following conditions as a hardware breakpoint:
Address condition: An address bus value of H'2000 and instruction fetch cycle.
>bcs address 2000 pcafter (RET)
To set the following conditions as a hardware breakpoint:
Address condition: The lower 4 bits of H'1000 are masked,
Data condition: A data bus value of H'aa and upper 8-bit byte access.
>bcs address mask 100* data aa hbyte (RET)
105
5.2.5
BREAKPOINT: BP
Description:
Sets software breakpoints.
Note: The function will be different according to the MCUs used.
Format:
bp <address>
Table 5.6 BREAKPOINT Command Parameter
Parameter
Type
Description
<address>
Numerical value,
character string
Breakpoint value set by numerical value or symbol
When an odd address is set, the address is rounded down to
an even address.
Note: The parameters for this command vary with the product. For the specifications of
each product, refer to the on-line help.
Examples:
To set a software breakpoint at address H'12c8:
>bp H'12c8 (RET)
106
5.2.6
BREAKPOINT_CLEAR: BC
Description:
Clears software breakpoints that have been set.
Format:
bc [<address>]
Table 5.7 BREAKPOINT_CLEAR Command Parameter
Parameter
Type
Description
<address>
Numerical value,
character string
Breakpoint value set by numerical value or symbol
Note: When no parameters are set, all software breakpoints are cleared.
Note: The parameters for this command vary with the product. For the specifications of
each product, refer to the on-line help.
Examples:
To clear all software breakpoints:
>bc (RET)
To clear all software breakpoints whose address value is H'1000:
>bc H'1000 (RET)
107
5.2.7
BREAKPOINT_DISPLAY: BD
Description:
Displays software breakpoints that have been set.
Format:
bd
Table 5.8 BREAKPOINT_DISPLAY Command Parameter
Parameter
Type
Description
None
Example:
To display the software breakpoints that have been set:
>bd (RET)
The display format is as follows:
>bd
H'00000110 Enable
H'0000011c Disable
H'00000250 Enable
Note: The items displayed with this command vary with the product. For the display
specifications of each product, refer to the on-line help.
108
5.2.8
BREAKPOINT_ENABLE: BE
Description:
Enables or disables software breakpoints that have been set.
Format:
be <address> <mode>
Table 5.9 BREAKPOINT_ENABLE Command Parameters
Parameter
Type
Description
<address>
Numerical value,
character string
Breakpoint value set by numerical value or symbol
<mode>
Keyword
Enables or disables breakpoints.
Set either of the following:
enable: Enables breakpoints.
disable: Disables breakpoints.
Examples:
To enable software breakpoints that have been set:
>be H'1002 enable (RET)
To disable software breakpoints that have been set:
>be H'1002 disable (RET)
Notes: 1. The parameters for this command vary with the product. For the specifications
of each product, refer to the on-line help.
2. The items displayed with this command vary with the product. For the display
specifications of each product, refer to the on-line help.
109
5.2.9
DEVICE_TYPE: DE
Description:
Displays MCU type currently selected.
Format:
de
Table 5.10 DEVICE_TYPE Command Parameter
Parameter
Type
None
Example:
To display the currently selected MCU:
>de (RET)
The display format is as follows:
>de
Current device = H8S/xxxx
110
Description
5.2.10
GO_OPTION: GP
Description:
Sets or displays the emulation mode during user program execution.
Format:
gp
Displays emulation mode for user program execution.
gp <eml_opt>
<eml_opt> = eml_mode <eml_mode>
Sets emulation mode for user program execution.
Table 5.11 GO_OPTION Command Parameter
Parameter
Type
<eml_mode>
Keyword
Description
Specifies the emulation mode.
Set either of the following:
normal: Normal execution
no_break: Makes software breakpoints and
hardware breakpoints temporarily invalid and
executes the user program.
Note: The parameters for this command vary with the product. For the specifications of each
product, refer to the on-line help.
Examples:
To display the currently set emulation mode for user program execution:
>gp (RET)
The display format is as follows:
>gp
Emulator execution mode = Normal
To set the normal emulation mode for user program execution:
>gp eml_mode normal (RET)
Note: The items displayed with this command vary with the product. For the display
specifications of each product, refer to the on-line help.
111
5.2.11
JTAG_CLOCK: JCK
Description:
Displays or sets the JTAG clock (TCK) frequency.
Format:
JCK
Displays the JTAG clock (TCK).
JCK <jck_opt>
Sets the JTAG clock (TCK).
Table 5.12 JTAG_CLOCK Command Parameter
Parameter
Type
Description
<jck_opt>
Numerical value
Sets one of the JTAG clock (TCK) frequency.
(PCMCIA used: 0.937 MHz, 1.875 MHz, 3.75 MHz,
7.5 MHz, or 15 MHz)
1: 15 MHz
2: 7.5 MHz
3: 3.75 MHz
4: 1.875 MHz
5: 0.937 MHz
(PCI used: 1.031 MHz, 2.062 MHz, 4.125 MHz,
8.25 MHz, or 16.5 MHz)
1: 16.5 MHz
2: 8.25 MHz
3: 4.125 MHz
4: 2.062 MHz
5: 1.031 MHz
Note: The range of the frequency that the Hitachi-UDI operates at differs according to the MCU to
be supported.
112
Examples:
(when PCMCIA used):
To set the JTAG clock (TCK) frequency:
>JCK 1 (RET)
JTAG Clock
15MHz
To display the JTAG clock (TCK) frequency:
>JCK (RET)
JTAG Clock
15MHz
(when PCI used):
To set the JTAG clock (TCK) frequency:
>JCK 1 (RET)
JTAG Clock
16.5MHz
To display the JTAG clock (TCK) frequency:
>JCK (RET)
JTAG Clock
16.5MHz
113
5.2.12
REFRESH: RF
Description:
Updates the HDI memory information to the latest contents.
Format:
rf
Table 5.13 REFRESH Command Parameter
Parameter
Type
None
Example:
To update the HDI memory information:
>rf (RET)
114
Description
5.2.13
RESET: RE
Description:
Resets the H8S/xxxx. The breakpoint settings are retained. After the reset, the registers will be in
the same state as when power is supplied.
Format:
re
Table 5.14 RESET Command Parameter
Parameter
Type
Description
None
Example:
To reset the H8S/xxxx:
>re (RET)
115
5.2.14
STATUS: STS
Description:
Displays emulator status information.
Format:
sts
Table 5.15 STATUS Command Parameter
Parameter
Type
Description
None
Example:
To display status information of the emulator:
>sts (RET)
The display format is as follows:
>sts
Emulator Status
Connected to:
CPU
Run status
Cause of last break
Run time count
Emulator mode
Big endian
H8S/xxxx E10A Emulator (E10A PC Card Driver 5)
H8S/xxxx
Break
BREAK KEY
0000h00min03s110ms
Normal
Note: The items displayed with this command vary with the product. For the display
specifications of each product, refer to the on-line help.
116
5.2.15
STEP_INTERRUPT: SI
Description:
Sets or displays the enable or disable status of interrupts during step execution. When interrupts
occur when they are disabled, execution stops at the top address of the interrupt routine.
Format:
si
Displays the enable or disable status of interrupts during step execution.
si <mode>
Sets the enable or disable status of interrupts during step execution.
Table 5.16 STEP_INTERRUPT Command Parameter
Parameter
Type
Description
<mode>
Keyword
Enables or disables interrupts during step execution.
Set either of the following:
enable: Enables interrupts.
disable: Disables interrupts.
Example:
To enable interrupts during step execution:
>si enable (RET)
To display interrupt status during step execution:
>si (RET)
Emulator step interrupt mode = ENABLE
117
5.2.16
TRACE_DISPLAY: TD
Description:
Displays acquired trace information.
Format:
td
Table 5.17 TRACE_DISPLAY Command Parameter
Parameter
Type
Description
None
Example:
To display acquired trace information:
>td (RET)
The display format is as follows:
>td
IP
-D’xxxx
-D’xxxx
TYPE
BRANCH
BRANCH
ADDR
00001010
00001200
MNEMONIC
JSR
JMP
OPERAND
@ER0
@ER1
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)
(a) Instruction pointer (signed decimal)
(b) Type of branch source
BRANCH: Branch source
(c) Address of instruction word
(d) Instruction mnemonic
(e) Instruction operand
118
Section 6 H8S/2378F E10A Emulator Specifications
6.1
Overview of the Emulator
The H8S/2378F E10A emulator supports the H8S/2377F and H8S/2367F. The MCU operating
modes 4 and 7 are supported and realtime emulation can be performed. Table 6.1 lists the
components of the emulator.
Table 6.1 Components of the Emulator (HS2378KCM01H or HS2378KCI01H)
Classification Component
Hardware
Card emulator
Appearance
Quantity
1
PC
PC
Card
HS2378KCM01H
(Model: HS0005KCM05H),
HS2378KCI01H
(Model: HS0005KCI05H)
or
Remarks
HS2378KCM01H
(PCMCIA: 14-pin type):
Depth: 85.6 mm,
Width: 54.0 mm,
Height: 5.0 mm,
Mass: 30.0 g
HS2378KCI01H
(PCI: 14-pin type):
Depth: 122.0 mm,
Width: 96.0 mm,
Mass: 80.0 g
User system interface
cable
1
HS2378KCM01H
(PCMCIA: 14-pin type):
Length: 80.0 cm,
Mass: 46.0 g
HS2378KCI01H
(PCI: 14-pin type):
Length: 150.0 cm,
Mass: 90.0 g
Software
H8S/2378F E10A emulator
setup program,
H8S/2378F E10A Emulator
User’s Manual, and
Hitachi Debugging
Interface User’s Manual
1
HS2378KCM01SR,
HS2378KCM01HJ,
HS2378KCM01HE,
HS6400DIIW5SJ, and
HS6400DIIW5SE
(provided on a CD-R)
119
6.2
Pin Arrangement of the Hitachi-UDI Port Connector
Figure 6.1 shows the pin arrangement of the Hitachi-UDI port connector.
CAUTION
Note that the pin number assignment of the Hitachi-UDI port
connector differs from that of the connector manufacturer.
Signal
Pin No.
Pin 1 mark
Hitachi-UDI port connector
14 pin
7 pin
8 pin
1 pin
H8S/2377F, H8S/2367F
Input/Output *1
1
PG4
Input
2
P53
Input
3
#WDTOVF
Output
4
#RES*2
Input
5
PG5
Input
6
PG6
Input
7
#RES*2
Output
8 to 10
GND*3
12 to 14
11
Vcc*4
Input
Top view
Pin 1 mark
Note: 1. Input or output from the user system.
2. The symbol (#) means that the signal is active-low.
3. By detecting GND on the user system side, connection or
disconnection with the user system can be determined.
4. Connect Vcc with the Vcc of the MCU.
Figure 6.1 Pin Arrangement of the Hitachi-UDI Port Connector
120
Figure 6.2 shows an example of connecting the user system to the emulator.
14-pin connector with
a 2.54-mm pitch
(3M Limited: 2514-6002)
Vcc
Pulls-up at 4.7 k
H8S/2377F, H8S/2367F
11
EMLE
1
PG4
2
P53
3
#WDTOVF
5
PG5
6
PG6
4
User logic
7
#RES
8 to 10
12 to 14
E10A pin No.
User system
· #RES of pin 4 of the Hitachi-UDI port connector is a signal line in which the emulator outputs signals to the MCU.
An AND operation must be performed between #RES (pin 4) and the user system reset circuit for the signal
line connected to the MCU.
· #RES of pin 7 of the Hitachi-UDI port connector is a signal line in which the emulator monitors the #RES signal of
the MCU. The #RES must be pulled up before it is connected to pin 7 of the Hitachi-UDI port connector.
Figure 6.2 Example of Emulator Connection
121
Notes: 1. The emulator uses #WDTOVF, P53, and PG4 to PG6 in the H8S/2377F and
H8S/2367F. Pull up the emulator and MCU pins and connect them to the user
system. Peripheral functions that are shared by these pins cannot be used.
H8S/2377F, H8S/2367F
Hitachi-UDI
port connector
Vcc
4.7 k
Pins 1, 2, 3, 5, and 6
Figure 6.3 Connection of Emulator
2.
The EMLE pin in the H8S/2377F and H8S/2367F must be pulled up when
connecting with the emulator, and connected to GND when not connecting with
the emulator.
H8S/2377F, H8S/2367F
Vcc
The emulator is connected
to the user system.
4.7 k
EMLE
H8S/2377F, H8S/2367F
The emulator is not connected
to the user system.
EMLE
Figure 6.4 EMLE Pin and Emulator
122
3.
#RES of pin 4 of the Hitachi-UDI port connector is a signal line in which the
emulator outputs signals to the MCU.
#RES of pin 7 of the Hitachi-UDI port connector is a signal line in which the
emulator monitors the #RES signal of the MCU.
The #RES must be pulled up before it is connected to pin 7 of the Hitachi-UDI
port connector.
Vcc
4.7 k
User
logic
H8S/2377F, H8S/2367F
Hitachi-UDI
port connector
Vcc
Pin 4
4.7 k
Pin 7
Figure 6.5 Connection of #RES Pin
4.
Connect GND of pins 8 to 10 and 12 to 14 in the Hitachi-UDI port connector to
GND in the user system.
5.
Connect Vcc, pin 11 in the Hitachi-UDI port connector, to the power supply
(Vcc) in the user system. The amount of voltage permitted to input to the
Hitachi-UDI port connector must be within the guaranteed range of the
microcomputer.
6.
Figure 6.6 shows the interface circuit in the emulator. Use this figure as a
reference when determining the pull-up resistance value.
Hitachi-UDI
port connector
on the user
sytem
Emulator control circuit
Vcc
HD74LV125A
Vcc
3.3V
H8S/2377F,
H8S/2367F
11
Vcc
1
2
4
5
6
PG4
P53
#RES
PG5
PG6
3
7
#WDTOVF
#RES
4.7 k x 7
22 k x 5
HD74LVTH244
Vcc
22 k
x2
Figure 6.6 Interface Circuit in the Emulator (Reference Figure)
123
7.
When H8S/2377F and H8S/2367F are connected to the emulator, the following
pin functions cannot be used.
Table 6.2 Unavailable Pin Functions
H8S/2377F
H8S/2367F
P53 and PG4 to PG6
P53 and PG4 to PG6
#WDTOVF
#WDTOVF
#IRQ3
#IRQ3
#ADTRG
#ADTRG
#BREQ, #BACK, and #BREQ0
#BREQ, #BACK, and #BREQ0
−
#CS4
Note: The symbol “#” means that the signal is active-low.
124
6.3
Differences between the MCUs and the Emulator
1. When the emulator system is initiated, it initializes the general registers and part of the control
registers as shown in table 6.3.
Table 6.3 Register Initial Values at Emulator Power-On
Register
When Using H8S/2377F and H8S/2367F
PC
Reset vector value in the vector address table
ER0 to ER6
Undefined
ER7 (SP)
H'FFC000
CCR
1 for I mask, and others undefined
EXR
H’07
2. System Control Register
In the emulator, the internal I/O registers can be accessed from the [I/O registers] window.
However, be careful when accessing the system control register. The emulator saves the
register value of the system control register at a break and returns the value when the user
program is executed. Since this is done during a break, do not rewrite the system control
register in the [I/O Registers] window.
3. Memory Access during Emulation
If the memory contents are referenced or modified during emulation, realtime emulation
cannot be performed because the user program is temporarily halted.
4. The emulator communicates with the MCU by using the pins shown in figure 6.1 (section 6.2).
These pins cannot be used.
5.
The power consumed by the MCU can reach several mA. This is because the user power
supply drives one HD74LV125A to make the communication signal level match the usersystem power-supply voltage.
125
6.4
The H8S/2378F E10A Emulator Functions
Notes: 1. Do not use an MCU that has been used for debugging.
6.4.1
2.
If the flash memory is rewritten many times, and the emulator is left for a few days,
data may be lost due to retention problems.
3.
If the flash memory is rewritten many times, the data will not be erased. If an error
message is displayed, exchange the MCU for a new one.
Emulator Driver Selection
Table 6.4 shows drivers which can be selected in the [E10A Driver Details] dialog box.
Table 6.4 Type Name and Driver
Type Name
Driver
HS2378KCM01H
E10A PC Card Driver 5
HS2378KCI01H
E10A PCI Card Driver 5
6.4.2
Hardware Break Functions
Hardware Break Conditions: In the H8S/2378F E10A emulator, two break conditions can be
set (Break Condition 1,2). Table 6.5 lists the items that can be specified.
Table 6.5 Hardware Break Condition Specification Items
Items
Description
Address bus condition
Breaks when the MCU address bus value matches the
specified value.
Data bus condition
Breaks when the MCU data bus value matches the specified
value. Bit or word can be specified as the access data size.
Read or write condition
Breaks in the read or write cycle.
Table 6.6 lists the combinations of conditions that can be set in the [Break condition] dialog box.
126
Table 6.6 Conditions Set in [Break condition] Dialog Box
Condition
Dialog Box
Address Bus
Condition
O
O
[Break condition 1]
[Break condition 2]
Data
Condition
Read or write
condition
O
O
O
O
Note: O: Can be set by checking the radio button in the dialog box.
Table 6.7 lists the combinations of conditions that can be set by the BREAKCONDITION_SET
command.
Table 6.7 Conditions Set by BREAKCONDITION_SET Command
Condition
Channel
Break condition 1
Break condition 2
Address Bus
Condition
(<addropt> option)
O
O
Data
Condition
(<dataopt> option)
O
O
Read or write
condition
(<r/wopt> option)
O
O
Note: O: Can be set by the BREAKCONDITION_SET command.
Notes on Setting the Break Condition:
1. When [Go to cursor], [Step In], [Step Over], or [Step Out] is selected, the settings of Break
Condition are disabled.
2. The settings of Break Condition is disabled when an instruction to which a software
breakpoint has been set is executed.
3. When step over function is used, the settings of software breakpoint and Break Condition are
disabled.
127
6.4.3
Notes on Setting the [Breakpoint] Dialog Box
1. When an odd address is set, the address is rounded down to an even address.
2. A software break is accomplished by replacing instructions. Accordingly, it can be set only to
the flash memory or the RAM area. However, a software break cannot be set to the following
addresses:
• An area other than flash memory or RAM
• An instruction in which Break Condition is satisfied
3. During step execution, a software breakpoint is disabled.
4. A condition set at Break Condition is disabled immediately after starting execution when an
instruction at a software breakpoint is executed. A break does not occur even if a condition of
Break Condition is satisfied immediately after starting the execution.
5. When execution resumes from the breakpoint address after the program execution stops at the
software breakpoint, single-step execution is performed at the address before execution
resumes. Therefore, realtime operation cannot be performed.
6.
128
Settings of software breakpoint and Break Condition are invalid while the STEP OVER
function is being used.
6.4.4
Trace Function
The emulator uses the branch-instruction trace and bus trace functions in the MCU, and
acquires a trace by operating the user program in realtime. The branch-instruction trace
function displays the branch-source address, the mnemonic, and the operand. The bus trace
function displays and searches the information on the address bus, data bus, memory access,
interrupt, and bus cycle, the mnemonic, and the operand. The acquisition conditions can also
be set.
(1) Setting the Trace Acquisition
The acquisition condition on the trace information is set.
Table 6.8 Setting Trace Acquisition
Acquisition Condition
Description
Trace type
Sets the trace information for acquisition and display.
Branch trace: Acquires and displays the branch-instruction trace
information.
Bus trace: Acquires and displays the bus trace information.
Bus trace mode
Sets the trace acquisition condition when Bus trace is selected as
Trace type. This is not set when Branch trace is selected.
•
[Full Trace] check box
Indicates that all cycles are acquired.
•
[Suppress] group box
Sets a cycle to suppress acquisition.
DMAC Cycles: Suppresses acquiring the DMAC cycle.
DTC Cycles: Suppresses acquiring the DTC cycle.
CPU Instruction fetch Cycles: Suppresses acquiring the CPUinstruction fetch cycle.
CPU Data access Cycles: Suppresses acquiring the CPU-data
access cycle.
•
[Address] group box
Sets the address condition to be acquired. Only A23 to A12 of the
address value can be set. Mask the lower 12 bits (A11 to A0).
129
(2) Displaying a Trace in the Bus Trace Function
The contents of the trace buffer in table 6.9 are displayed in the [Trace] window.
Table 6.9 Items in the [Trace] Window
Item
Description
[IP/Cycle]
Instruction pointer or bus cycle pointer (signed decimal)
[Address]
The value of the address bus
[Label]
Label name
[Mnemonic]
Mnemonic of the execution instruction
[Operand]
Operand of the execution instruction
[Data]
The value of the data bus
[R/W]
Type of the read/write signal
RD: read cycle
WT: write cycle
[Area]
Type of the access area
ROM: ROM area
RAM: RAM area
IO-8: 8-bit I/O
IO-16: 16-bit I/O
EXT-8: 8-bit external area
EXT16: 16-bit external area
DTC: DTC area
[Status]
Type of the access cycle
PROG: CPU-instruction fetch cycle
DATA: CPU-data access cycle
DMAC: DMAC bus cycle
DTC: DTC bus cycle
REFRESH: Refresh cycle
[Clock]
[IRQ]
The number of clocks of the bus cycle
Ored states of pins IRQ15 to IRQ0
0: Low
1: High
[Source]
130
The C-source line of the address in which the trace is acquired
(3) Searching a Trace in the Bus Trace Function
The emulator supports two types of trace search function listed in table 6.10.
Table 6.10 Trace Search Function
Function
Description
Trace Filter
Displays all the information that matches the conditions specified by all the trace
data.
Trace Find
Jumps to the information that matches the conditions specified by all the trace
data.
(i) Trace Filter Function
The emulator displays all the information that matches the specified conditions for all the trace
data. The search function is set in the [Trace Filter] dialog box.
Table 6.11 [Address] Group Box Options
Option
Description
[Don’t care] check box
Indicates that no address condition is set.
[Address] radio button
Sets an address as a display condition.
[Range] radio button
Sets an address range as a display condition.
[Start] edit box
Sets the start value of the address range as a numeric or a
symbol.
[End] edit box
Sets the end value of the address range as a numeric or a
symbol.
[Outside range] check box
Sets outside the specified address range as a display condition.
Table 6.12 [Data] Group Box Options
Option
Description
[Don’t care] check box
Indicates that no data condition is set.
[Data] edit box
Sets the data value as a numeric or a symbol.
[Byte] radio button
Sets the byte access as a display condition.
[Word] radio button
Sets the word access as a display condition.
131
Table 6.13 [Bus status] Group Box Options
Option
Description
[Don’t care] check box
Indicates that no bus condition is set.
[DMAC] check box
Sets a DMAC bus cycle as a display condition.
[DTC] check box
Sets a DTC bus cycle as a display condition.
[PROG] check box
Sets a CPU instruction fetch cycle as a display condition.
[DATA] check box
Sets a CPU data access cycle as a display condition.
[REFRESH] check box
Sets a refresh cycle as a display condition.
Table 6.14 [Area] Group Box Options
Option
Description
[Don’t care] check box
Indicates that no area condition is set.
[ROM] check box
Sets a ROM area as a display condition.
[RAM] check box
Sets a RAM area as a display condition.
[IO-8] check box
Sets an 8-bit I/O area as a display condition.
[IO-16] check box
Sets a 16-bit I/O area as a display condition.
[EXT-8] check box
Sets an 8-bit external area as a display condition.
[EXT-16] check box
Sets a 16-bit external area as a display condition.
[DTC] check box
Sets a DTC area as a display condition.
Table 6.15 [Read/Write] Group Box Options
Option
Description
[Don’t care] check box
Indicates that no read/write condition is set.
[Read] radio button
Sets a read cycle as a display condition.
[Write] radio button
Sets a write cycle as a display condition.
Table 6.16 [IRQ] Group Box Options
Option
Description
[Don’t care] check box
Indicates that no IRQ condition is set.
[High] radio button
Sets the high level of IRQ as a display condition.
[Low] radio button
Sets the low level of IRQ as a display condition.
132
(ii) Trace Find Function
The emulator jumps to the information that matches the conditions specified by all the trace
data on the [Trace] window. The search function is set in the [Trace Filter] dialog box. The
conditions to be set are the same as those of the Trace Filter function.
(4) Commands for the Trace Function
The emulator supports the commands for the trace function listed in table 6.17. The contents
of the trace buffer are displayed in the [Trace] window.
Table 6.17 Commands for the Trace Function
Command Name
Description
TRACE_DISPLAY
Displays the acquired trace information.
TRACE_MODE
Displays or sets the acquisition mode of the trace information.
TRACE_SEARCH
Searches and displays the trace information with the specified condition.
(i) TRACE_DISPLAY: TD
Description:
Displays the acquired trace information.
Format:
td [<option1> [<option2>]]
<option1> = start <start>
<option2> = end <end>
Table 6.18 TRACE_DISPLAY Command Parameter
Parameter
Type
Description
<start>
Numerical value (-n)
A start pointer for the trace display.
<end>
Numerical value (-m)
An end pointer for the trace display.
133
Example:
To display the acquired trace information:
td (RET)
The display format of the branch trace information is as follows:
>td
IP
-D’xxxx
-D’xxxx
TYPE
BRANCH
BRANCH
ADDR
00100100
00100200
MNEMONIC
JSR
JMP
OPERAND
@ER0
@ER1
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)
(a) Instruction pointer (signed decimal)
(b) Type of branch source
BRANCH: Branch source
(c) Address of instruction word
(d) Instruction mnemonic
(e) Instruction operand
The display format of the bus trace information is as follows:
>td start -10 end –5
CYCLE
ADDRESS
MNEMONIC
OPERAND
DATA
R/W
AREA
STATUS
CLOCK
IRQ
-D'0010
00FF600C
LABEL
MOV.B
@ER1,R4L
681C
RD
RAM
PROG
1
0
-D'0009
00FF600E
MOV.W
@ER2,E4
692C
RD
RAM
PROG
1
0
-D'0008
00FF6100
11
RD
RAM
DATA
1
0
-D'0007
00FF6010
0100
RD
RAM
PROG
1
0
-D'0006
00FF6104
5566
RD
RAM
DATA
1
0
-D'0005
00FF6012
6935
RD
RAM
PROG
1
0
(a)
(b)
(f)
(g)
(h)
(i)
(j)
(k)
MOV.L
(c)
(d)
(a) Cycle (signed decimal)
(b) Address
(c) Label
(d) Instruction mnemonic
(e) Instruction operand
(f) Data
(g) Read/write
(h) Access area
(i) Bus cycle status
(j) Bus cycle count
(k) IRQ pin
134
@ER3,ER5
(e)
(ii) TRACE_MODE: TM
Description:
Displays or sets the acquisition mode of the trace information.
Format:
tm
Displays the acquisition mode of the trace information.
tm <option1> [<option2>] [<option3>] [<option4>]
Sets the acquisition mode of the trace information.
<option1> = type <type>
<option2> = bus mode <mode>
<option3> = cycle <cycle>
<option4> = address <address>
Table 6.19 TRACE_MODE Command Parameter
Parameter
Type
Description
<type>
Keyword
Sets a type of traces to be acquired.
branch: Acquires the branch trace.
bus: Acquires the bus trace.
<mode>
Keyword
full: Acquires the bus trace without conditions.
<cycle>
Keyword
Sets a cycle to disable acquiring the trace.
dmac: Disables acquiring the DMAC bus cycle.
dtc: Disables acquiring the DTC bus cycle.
prog: Disables acquiring the CPU-instruction
fetch cycle.
data: Disables acquiring the CPU data access
cycle.
<address>
Numerical value,
character string
Sets the address condition.
135
Example:
To disable acquiring the DMAC cycle in the bus trace:
tm type bus cycle dmac (RET)
The display format of the setting state of the trace acquisition mode is as follows:
>tm (RET)
type = bus cycle dmac
136
(iii) TRACE_SEARCH: TS
Description:
Searches and displays the trace information with the specified condition.
Format:
ts [<addropt>] [<dataopt>] [<statusopt>] [<areaopt>] [<rwopt>] [<irqopt>]
[<fromopt>]
<addropt> = address <address>
<dataopt> = data <data> <size>
<statusopt> = status <status>
<areaopt> = area <area>
<rwopt> = rw <rw>
<irqopt> = irq <irq>
<fromopt> = from <from>
137
Table 6.20 TRACE_SEARCH Command Parameter
Parameter
Type
Description
<address>
Numerical value,
character string
Sets the address value as a numeric or a
symbol.
<data>
Numerical value
Sets a value of the data bus.
<size>
Keyword
Sets the access condition of the data bus.
byte: Byte access
word: Word access
<status>
Keyword
Sets the bus condition.
dmac: The DMAC bus cycle is the search
condition.
dtc: The DTC bus cycle is the search condition.
prog: The CPU-instruction fetch cycle is the
search condition.
data: The CPU-data access cycle is the search
condition.
refresh: The refresh cycle is the search
condition.
<area>
Keyword
Sets the area condition.
rom: The ROM area is the search condition.
ram: The RAM area is the search condition.
io-8: The IO-8 area is the search condition.
io-16: The IO-16 area is the search condition.
ext-8: The EXT-8 area is the search condition.
ext-16: The EXT-16 area is the search condition.
dtc: The DTC area is the search condition.
<rw>
Keyword
Sets the read/write condition.
read: The read cycle is the search condition.
write: The write cycle is the search condition.
<irq>
Keyword
Sets the IRQ condition.
high: The high level of IRQ is the search
condition.
low: The low level of IRQ is the search condition.
<from>
138
Numerical value (-n)
Specifies the number of cycles for starting
search.
Example:
To search and display the trace data of address H’00FF8000:
ts address H’ff8000 (RET)
When the data exists in the –70 cycle, the display format is as follows:
>ts address H’ff8000
CYCLE
ADDRESS
LABEL
MNEMONIC
OPERAND
DATA
R/W
AREA
STATUS
CLOCK
IRQ
*-D'0075
xxxxxxxx
xxx
xxxxx
xxx
xxxx
xx
xxxx
xxxxx
x
x
*-D'0074
xxxxxxxx
xxx
xxxxx
xxx
xxxx
xx
xxxx
xxxxx
x
x
*-D'0073
xxxxxxxx
xxx
xxxxx
xxx
xxxx
xx
xxxx
xxxxx
x
x
*-D'0072
xxxxxxxx
xxx
xxxxx
xxx
xxxx
xx
xxxx
xxxxx
x
x
*-D'0071
xxxxxxxx
xxx
xxxxx
xxx
xxxx
xx
xxxx
xxxxx
x
x
>-D'0070
00ff8000
xxx
xxxxx
xxx
xxxx
xx
xxxx
xxxxx
x
x
*-D'0069
xxxxxxxx
xxx
xxxxx
xxx
xxxx
xx
xxxx
xxxxx
x
x
*-D'0068
xxxxxxxx
xxx
xxxxx
xxx
xxxx
xx
xxxx
xxxxx
x
x
*-D'0067
xxxxxxxx
xxx
xxxxx
xxx
xxxx
xx
xxxx
xxxxx
x
x
*-D'0066
xxxxxxxx
xxx
xxxxx
xxx
xxxx
xx
xxxx
xxxxx
x
x
139
6.4.5
1.
Notes on HDI
Note on Moving Source File Position after Creating Load Module
When the source file is moved after creating the load module, the [Open] dialog box may be
displayed to specify the source file during the debugging of the created load module. Select
the corresponding source file and click the [Open] button.
2. Source-Level Execution
 Source file
Do not display source files that do not correspond to the load module in the program
window. For a file having the same name as the source file that corresponds to the load
module, only its addresses are displayed in the program window. The file cannot be
operated in the program window.
 Step
Even standard C libraries are executed. To return to a higher-level function, enter Step
Out. In a for statement or a while statement, executing a single step does not move
execution to the next line. To move to the next line, execute two steps.
3. Operation During Accessing Files
Do not perform other operations during saving in the [Load Program], [Verify Memory],
[Save Memory], or [Trace] window because this will not allow correct saving to be performed.
4.
Source Window at Program Change
When a program being displayed in the source window is changed and the source file and load
module are reloaded, close and reopen the source window once. If the window is not closed
and reopened, the display will be illegal.
5. Watch
 Local variables at optimization
Depending on the generated object code, local variables in a C source file that is compiled
with the optimization option enabled will not be displayed correctly. Check the generated
object code by displaying the [Disassembly] window.
If the allocation area of the specified local variable does not exist, displays as follows.
Example:
The variable name is asc.
asc = ? - target error 2010 (xxxx)
 Variable name specification
When a name other than a variable name, such as a symbol name or function name, is
specified, no data is displayed.
140
Example:
The function name is main.
main =
 Array display
When array elements exceed 1000, elements from after 1000 will not be displayed.
6. Memory Load Function
When [Load...] is selected from the [Memory] menu, the Memory Load function can be used
although it takes time to download. It is recommended that the File Load function ([Load
Program...] selected from the [File] menu) is used to load the S-type file.
Note: The File Load function deletes the debugging information of the previously loaded
program. When other load modules are loaded after the program to be debugged has been
loaded, use the following sequence: Link the program to be debugged with the Sdebug
option and save the debugging information in another file. Load the debugging
information file after all the load modules have been loaded.
7. Line Assembly
 Input radix
Regardless of the Radix setting, the default for line assembly input is decimal. Specify H’
or 0x as the radix for a hexadecimal input.
8. Command Line Interface
 Batch file
To display the message “Not currently available” while executing a batch file, enter the
sleep command. Adjust the sleep time length which differs according to the operating
environment.
Example:
To display “Not currently available” during memory_fill
execution:
sleep d’3000
memory_fill 0 ffff 0
 Overwrite file
In Command Line Interface, a file having the same name as the output file is overwritten
without asking the user.
 File specification by commands
The current directory may be altered by file specifications in commands. Absolute paths
should be used to specify the files in a command file so that the current directory alteration
is not affected.
141
Example:
FILE_LOAD C:\\HEW\\HDI5\\E10A\\2378F\\TUTORIAL
\\TUTORIAL.ABS
9. Note on Initiating HDI
When the emulator is initiated by using another card emulator after it has been initiated by
using the PCI card emulator, delete the [TARGET] line from the C:\windows\HDI.INI file.
10. Usage with Another HDI
 Automatic load of session files
Since the emulator cannot use another HDI, re-install this HDI whenever another HDI has
been previously installed is used.
If another HDI has been used, initiate this HDI with “Run” as follows without using the
session files.
<Directory path name in which HDI is installed>\hdi /n (RET)
/n initiates the HDI without loading the recently used session files.
If there is another session file in the different debug platform, the following error message
is displayed:
invalid target system: <recently used debug platform name>
11. [Select Function] dialog box
This HDI does not support software breakpoint setting in the [Select Function] dialog box
(described in section 10, Selecting Functions, in the Hitachi Debugging Interface User's
Manual).
12. Memory Save During User Program Execution
Do not execute memory save verifying during user program execution.
13. Loading Motorola S-type files
This HDI does not support Motorola S-type files with only the CR code (H'0D) at the end of
each record. Load Motorola S-type files with the CR and LF codes (H'0D0A) at the end of
each record.
14. [Memory] window
If the following memory contents are displayed, they will be incorrect.
Word access from address 2n + 1
Longword access from address 4n + 1, 4n + 2, or 4n + 3
15. Scrolling Window During User Program Execution
Do not scroll the [Memory] and [Disassembly] windows by dragging the scroll box during
user program execution. This generates many memory reads causing the user program to stop
execution until the memory reads have been completed.
142
16. [I/O Registers] window
 Display and modification
Do not change values in the [I/O Registers] window because the emulator uses the address
break controller.
 Note that the E10A emulator does not support the display of the invalid module or bit
information in the [I/O Registers] window (described in section 8, Displaying Variables, in
the Hitachi Debugging Interface User's Manual).
 Verify
In the [I/O Registers] window, the verify function of the input value is invalid.
17. Note on [Registers] Window Operation During Program Execution
Although a dialog box is displayed in which the register contents can be changed by doubleclicking the [Registers] window, do not change the register contents during program
execution.
18. Note on Radix in the [Register] Dialog Box
The default input radix in the [Register] dialog box is hexadecimal irrespective of the Radix
display. When a radix other than a hexadecimal is input, specify the prefix code such as B'.
After the value has been input in the [Register] dialog box, the Radix setting is changed to
hexadecimal. When the radix other than a hexadecimal is used as a default, reset the Radix
display.
19. Software Break
 Session file
If the address set as the breakpoint is wrong, the error message is not output. The
breakpoint is registered as DISABLE in the [Breakpoints] window.
 [Breakpoints] window
During user program execution, it is impossible to jump from the breakpoint to the source
or address line in the [Source] or [Disassembly] window by using [Go to Source] in the
popup menu displayed in the [Breakpoints] window.
 When the software breakpoint is set in the flash memory area, the program is written to the
flash memory each time the user program is executed. At this time, note that the number
of rewritable times will be decreased.
 Breakpoint cancellation
When the contents of the software breakpoint address is modified during user program
execution, the following message is displayed when the user program stops.
BREAKPOINT IS DELETED A=xxxxxxxx
If the above message is displayed, cancel all software breakpoint settings with the [Delete
All] or [Disable] button in the [Breakpoints] window.
143
20. Number of Software Breakpoint and [Stop At] Settings in the [Run...] Menu
The maximum number of software breakpoints and [Stop At] settings allowed in the [Run...]
menu is 255. Therefore, when 255 software breakpoints are set, specification by [Stop At] in
the [Run...] menu becomes invalid. Use the software breakpoints and [Stop At] in the [Run...]
menu with 255 or less total settings.
21. Note on RUN-TIME Display
The execution time of the user program displayed in the [Status] window is not a correct value
since the timer in the host computer has been used.
22. Note on Displaying COMMUNICATION TIMEOUT ERROR
If COMMUNICATION TIMEOUT ERROR is displayed, the emulator cannot communicate
with the MCU. Select [Initialize] from the [File] menu to initialize the emulator.
23. Note on Downloading Program
In the [Load Program] dialog box, which is opened when [Load Program…] is selected, the
verify function is invalid. After downloading the program, perform verify in the [Verify SRecord File with Memory] dialog box, which is opened when [Verify] is selected from the
[Memory] menu.
24. Support of Double Float Format
In the following memory operations, the double float format is not supported:
 [Fill Memory] dialog box
 [Search Memory] dialog box
 MEMORY_FILL command
The [Format] specification in the [Copy Memory] dialog box is ignored. Memory is
copied in a byte unit.
25. Note on Continuous Step Execution
When the step is continuously executed by selecting [Step...] from the [Run] menu, do not use
the software breakpoint because this will cause the HDI to abnormally operate.
26. Note on Using the [Run program] Dialog Box
When [Run...] is selected from the [Run] menu to specify the stop address, there is the
following note:
 When the breakpoint that has been set as Disable is specified as the stop address, note that
the breakpoint becomes Enable when the user program stops.
27. Note on Transition to Low-Power Consumption Mode
The hardware standby function must not be used. If it is not used, the emulator will not operate
normally.
144
28. Note on Starting or Halting User Program
When the user program execution is started or halted, the program for the H8S/2378F E10A
emulator will write or read the flash memory. The write or read processing will take about a
maximum of 40 seconds.
29. Processing Time for Updating the Flash Memory Contents
When the contents of the flash memory area is modified by the program loading, memory
window, or memory command, or when a software break is set, a waiting time will be
generated to write or read the flash memory before executing the user program.
The processing time for updating the flash memory contents will be about a maximum of 40
seconds under the following environments (reference values):
®
Host computer: 500 MHz (Pentium III)
H8S/2377F: 25 MHz (system clock frequency)
30. Functions not Supported by the HDI
The following menu options and popup menu options are not supported:
[Memory -> Test], [Memory -> Compare], [View -> Performance Analysis], [Memory ->
Configure Map], [Memory -> Configure Overlay], and [Trace] popup menu options (Halt,
Restart, and Snapshot)
31. Memory Access during Emulation
When a memory is accessed from the memory window, etc. during user program execution,
the user program is resumed after it has stopped in the E10A emulator to access the memory.
Therefore, realtime emulation cannot be performed.
The stopping time of the user program is as follows:
Environment:
®
Host computer: 500 MHz (Pentium III)
H8S/2377F: 25 MHz (system clock frequency)
When a one-byte memory is read from the command-line window, the stopping time will be
about 47 ms.
32. Internal Flash Memory
The actual MCUs H8S/2377F and H8S/2367F, which have been used by connecting to the
emulator, have been written by the flash memory at emulation and stressed. Do not use the
H8S/2377F and H8S/2367F that have been used for debugging for the mass products.
The emulator is used for debugging and does not support writing the flash memory for mass
products of the user system. Do not use the emulator in the mass production process.
145
33. Watchdog Timer
When the emulator is connected to operate the watchdog timer (WDT) during using the
H8S/2377F and H8S/2367F, the WDT continues operation during a break.
•
When a counter value overflows during a break in the watchdog timer mode:
•
When a counter value overflows during a break in the interval timer mode:
An internal reset signal is generated when the internal LSI is reset.
An interrupt request is generated, but it is suspended during a break.
146
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising