View detail for Atmel AT03263: SAM D/R/L/C Timer Counter (TC) Driver

View detail for Atmel AT03263: SAM D/R/L/C Timer Counter (TC) Driver
SMART ARM-based Microcontrollers
AT03263: SAM D/R/L/C Timer Counter (TC) Driver
APPLICATION NOTE
Introduction
®
®
This driver for Atmel | SMART ARM -based microcontrollers provides an
interface for the configuration and management of the timer modules within
the device, for waveform generation and timing operations. The following
driver API modes are covered by this manual:
•
•
Polled APIs
Callback APIs
The following peripheral is used by this module:
•
TC (Timer/Counter)
The following devices can use this module:
•
Atmel | SMART SAM D20/D21
•
Atmel | SMART SAM R21
•
Atmel | SMART SAM D09/D10/D11
•
Atmel | SMART SAM L21/L22
•
Atmel | SMART SAM DA1
•
Atmel | SMART SAM C20/C21
The outline of this documentation is as follows:
•
Prerequisites
•
Module Overview
•
Special Considerations
•
Extra Information
•
Examples
•
API Overview
Atmel-42123E-SAM-Timer-Counter-(TC)-Driver_AT03263_Application Note-12/2015
Table of Contents
Introduction......................................................................................................................1
1. Software License....................................................................................................... 5
2. Prerequisites..............................................................................................................6
3. Module Overview....................................................................................................... 7
3.1.
3.2.
3.3.
3.4.
3.5.
3.6.
Driver Feature Macro Definition....................................................................................................9
Functional Description..................................................................................................................9
Timer/Counter Size.......................................................................................................................9
Clock Settings.............................................................................................................................10
3.4.1.
Clock Selection............................................................................................................ 10
3.4.2.
Prescaler......................................................................................................................10
3.4.3.
Reloading..................................................................................................................... 11
Compare Match Operations........................................................................................................11
3.5.1.
Basic Timer.................................................................................................................. 11
3.5.2.
Waveform Generation.................................................................................................. 11
3.5.3.
Waveform Generation - PWM...................................................................................... 11
3.5.4.
Waveform Generation - Frequency..............................................................................13
3.5.5.
Capture Operations..................................................................................................... 13
3.5.6.
Capture Operations - Event......................................................................................... 13
3.5.7.
Capture Operations - Pulse Width............................................................................... 14
One-shot Mode...........................................................................................................................14
3.6.1.
Wave Generation Output Inversion..............................................................................14
4. Special Considerations............................................................................................ 15
5. Extra Information..................................................................................................... 16
6. Examples................................................................................................................. 17
7. API Overview........................................................................................................... 18
7.1.
7.2.
7.3.
Variable and Type Definitions..................................................................................................... 18
7.1.1.
Waveform Inversion Mode........................................................................................... 18
Structure Definitions................................................................................................................... 18
7.2.1.
Struct tc_16bit_config.................................................................................................. 18
7.2.2.
Struct tc_32bit_config.................................................................................................. 18
7.2.3.
Struct tc_8bit_config.................................................................................................... 18
7.2.4.
Struct tc_config............................................................................................................ 18
7.2.5.
Union tc_config.__unnamed__.................................................................................... 19
7.2.6.
Struct tc_events........................................................................................................... 20
7.2.7.
Struct tc_module..........................................................................................................20
7.2.8.
Struct tc_pwm_channel............................................................................................... 20
Macro Definitions........................................................................................................................21
7.3.1.
Macro FEATURE_TC_DOUBLE_BUFFERED............................................................ 21
7.3.2.
Macro FEATURE_TC_SYNCBUSY_SCHEME_VERSION_2..................................... 21
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7.3.3.
7.4.
7.5.
Macro FEATURE_TC_STAMP_PW_CAPTURE......................................................... 21
7.3.4.
Macro FEATURE_TC_READ_SYNC...........................................................................21
7.3.5.
Macro FEATURE_TC_IO_CAPTURE..........................................................................21
7.3.6.
Macro FEATURE_TC_GENERATE_DMA_TRIGGER.................................................21
7.3.7.
Module Status Flags.................................................................................................... 21
7.3.8.
TC Wave Generation Mode......................................................................................... 22
7.3.9.
Waveform Inversion Mode........................................................................................... 23
Function Definitions....................................................................................................................23
7.4.1.
Driver Initialization and Configuration.......................................................................... 23
7.4.2.
Event Management......................................................................................................25
7.4.3.
Enable/Disable/Reset.................................................................................................. 26
7.4.4.
Get/Set Count Value.................................................................................................... 27
7.4.5.
Start/Stop Counter....................................................................................................... 28
7.4.6.
Double Buffering.......................................................................................................... 28
7.4.7.
Count Read Synchronization....................................................................................... 29
7.4.8.
Generate TC DMA Triggers Command....................................................................... 29
7.4.9.
Get Capture Set Compare........................................................................................... 29
7.4.10. Set Top Value...............................................................................................................30
7.4.11. Status Management.....................................................................................................31
Enumeration Definitions............................................................................................................. 32
7.5.1.
Waveform Inversion Mode........................................................................................... 32
7.5.2.
Enum tc_callback.........................................................................................................32
7.5.3.
Enum tc_clock_prescaler.............................................................................................33
7.5.4.
Enum tc_compare_capture_channel........................................................................... 33
7.5.5.
Enum tc_count_direction............................................................................................. 33
7.5.6.
Enum tc_counter_size................................................................................................. 34
7.5.7.
Enum tc_reload_action................................................................................................ 34
7.5.8.
Enum tc_wave_generation.......................................................................................... 34
8. Extra Information for TC Driver................................................................................36
8.1.
8.2.
8.3.
8.4.
Acronyms....................................................................................................................................36
Dependencies.............................................................................................................................36
Errata..........................................................................................................................................36
Module History............................................................................................................................36
9. Examples for TC Driver........................................................................................... 37
9.1.
9.2.
9.3.
9.4.
9.5.
Quick Start Guide for TC - Basic................................................................................................ 37
9.1.1.
Quick Start................................................................................................................... 37
9.1.2.
Use Case..................................................................................................................... 40
Quick Start Guide for TC - Match Frequency Wave Generation................................................ 40
9.2.1.
Quick Start................................................................................................................... 40
9.2.2.
Use Case..................................................................................................................... 42
Quick Start Guide for TC - Timer................................................................................................42
9.3.1.
Quick Start................................................................................................................... 43
9.3.2.
Use Case..................................................................................................................... 45
Quick Start Guide for TC - Callback........................................................................................... 45
9.4.1.
Quick Start................................................................................................................... 46
9.4.2.
Use Case..................................................................................................................... 49
Quick Start Guide for Using DMA with TC..................................................................................49
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9.5.1.
Quick Start................................................................................................................... 50
9.5.2.
Use Case..................................................................................................................... 55
10. Document Revision History..................................................................................... 56
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1.
Software License
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided
that the following conditions are met:
1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the
following disclaimer.
2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the
following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
3. The name of Atmel may not be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without
specific prior written permission.
4. This software may only be redistributed and used in connection with an Atmel microcontroller product.
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY ATMEL "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES,
INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS
FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NON-INFRINGEMENT ARE EXPRESSLY AND SPECIFICALLY
DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL ATMEL BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO,
PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR
BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER
IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING
IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
SUCH DAMAGE.
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2.
Prerequisites
There are no prerequisites for this module.
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3.
Module Overview
The Timer/Counter (TC) module provides a set of timing and counting related functionality, such as the
generation of periodic waveforms, the capturing of a periodic waveform's frequency/duty cycle, and
software timekeeping for periodic operations. TC modules can be configured to use an 8-, 16-, or 32-bit
counter size.
This TC module for the SAM is capable of the following functions:
•
•
•
•
•
Generation of PWM signals
Generation of timestamps for events
General time counting
Waveform period capture
Waveform frequency capture
Figure 3-1 Basic Overview of the TC Module on page 8 shows the overview of the TC module design.
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Figure 3-1. Basic Overview of the TC Module
Interrupt/
Event Channel
GCLK_TC
Base Counter
Prescaler
Control Logic
Counter
Compare Capture n
Compare Capture ...
Compare Capture 1
Compare Capture 0
Control Logic
CC0
Waveform
Generation
=
Interrupt/
Event Channel
WOx Out
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3.1.
Driver Feature Macro Definition
Driver Feature Macro
Supported devices
FEATURE_TC_DOUBLE_BUFFERED
SAM L21/L22/C20/C21
FEATURE_TC_SYNCBUSY_SCHEME_VERSION_2
SAM L21/L22/C20/C21
FEATURE_TC_STAMP_PW_CAPTURE
SAM L21/L22/C20/C21
FEATURE_TC_READ_SYNC
SAM L21/L22/C20/C21
FEATURE_TC_IO_CAPTURE
SAM L21/L22/C20/C21
FEATURE_TC_GENERATE_DMA_TRIGGER
SAM L21/L22
Note: The specific features are only available in the driver when the selected device supports those
features.
3.2.
Functional Description
Independent of the configured counter size, each TC module can be set up in one of two different modes;
capture and compare.
In capture mode, the counter value is stored when a configurable event occurs. This mode can be used to
generate timestamps used in event capture, or it can be used for the measurement of a periodic input
signal's frequency/duty cycle.
In compare mode, the counter value is compared against one or more of the configured channel compare
values. When the counter value coincides with a compare value an action can be taken automatically by
the module, such as generating an output event or toggling a pin when used for frequency or Pulse Width
Modulation (PWM) signal generation.
Note: The connection of events between modules requires the use of the SAM Event System Driver
(EVENTS) to route output event of one module to the input event of another. For more information on
event routing, refer to the event driver documentation.
3.3.
Timer/Counter Size
Each timer module can be configured in one of three different counter sizes; 8-, 16-, and 32-bit. The size
of the counter determines the maximum value it can count to before an overflow occurs and the count is
reset back to zero. Table 3-1 Timer Counter Sizes and Their Maximum Count Values on page 10 shows
the maximum values for each of the possible counter sizes.
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Table 3-1. Timer Counter Sizes and Their Maximum Count Values
Counter size
Max. (hexadecimal)
Max. (decimal)
8-bit
0xFF
255
16-bit
0xFFFF
65,535
32-bit
0xFFFFFFFF
4,294,967,295
When using the counter in 16- or 32-bit count mode, Compare Capture register 0 (CC0) is used to store
the period value when running in PWM generation match mode.
When using 32-bit counter size, two 16-bit counters are chained together in a cascade formation. Except
in SAM D09/D10/D11. Even numbered TC modules (e.g. TC0, TC2) can be configured as 32-bit counters.
The odd numbered counters will act as slaves to the even numbered masters, and will not be
reconfigurable until the master timer is disabled. The pairing of timer modules for 32-bit mode is shown in
Table 3-2 TC Master and Slave Module Pairings on page 10.
Table 3-2. TC Master and Slave Module Pairings
Master TC module
Slave TC module
TC0
TC1
TC2
TC3
...
...
TCn-1
TCn
In SAM D09/D10/D11, odd numbered TC modules (e.g. TC1) can be configured as 32-bit counters. The
even numbered (e.g. TC2) counters will act as slaves to the odd numbered masters.
3.4.
Clock Settings
3.4.1.
Clock Selection
Each TC peripheral is clocked asynchronously to the system clock by a GCLK (Generic Clock) channel.
The GCLK channel connects to any of the GCLK generators. The GCLK generators are configured to use
one of the available clock sources on the system such as internal oscillator, external crystals, etc. See the
Generic Clock driver for more information.
3.4.2.
Prescaler
Each TC module in the SAM has its own individual clock prescaler, which can be used to divide the input
clock frequency used in the counter. This prescaler only scales the clock used to provide clock pulses for
the counter to count, and does not affect the digital register interface portion of the module, thus the timer
registers will synchronize to the raw GCLK frequency input to the module.
As a result of this, when selecting a GCLK frequency and timer prescaler value the user application
should consider both the timer resolution required and the synchronization frequency, to avoid lengthy
synchronization times of the module if a very slow GCLK frequency is fed into the TC module. It is
preferable to use a higher module GCLK frequency as the input to the timer, and prescale this down as
much as possible to obtain a suitable counter frequency in latency-sensitive applications.
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3.4.3.
Reloading
Timer modules also contain a configurable reload action, used when a re-trigger event occurs. Examples
of a re-trigger event are the counter reaching the maximum value when counting up, or when an event
from the event system tells the counter to re-trigger. The reload action determines if the prescaler should
be reset, and when this should happen. The counter will always be reloaded with the value it is set to start
counting from. The user can choose between three different reload actions, described in Table 3-3 TC
Module Reload Actions on page 11.
Table 3-3. TC Module Reload Actions
Reload action
Description
TC_RELOAD_ACTION_GCLK
Reload TC counter value on next GCLK cycle. Leave prescaler asis.
TC_RELOAD_ACTION_PRESC
Reloads TC counter value on next prescaler clock. Leave prescaler
as-is.
TC_RELOAD_ACTION_RESYNC Reload TC counter value on next GCLK cycle. Clear prescaler to
zero.
The reload action to use will depend on the specific application being implemented. One example is when
an external trigger for a reload occurs; if the TC uses the prescaler, the counter in the prescaler should
not have a value between zero and the division factor. The TC counter and the counter in the prescaler
should both start at zero. When the counter is set to re-trigger when it reaches the maximum value on the
other hand, this is not the right option to use. In such a case it would be better if the prescaler is left
unaltered when the re-trigger happens, letting the counter reset on the next GCLK cycle.
3.5.
Compare Match Operations
In compare match operation, Compare/Capture registers are used in comparison with the counter value.
When the timer's count value matches the value of a compare channel, a user defined action can be
taken.
3.5.1.
Basic Timer
A Basic Timer is a simple application where compare match operations are used to determine when a
specific period has elapsed. In Basic Timer operations, one or more values in the module's Compare/
Capture registers are used to specify the time (as a number of prescaled GCLK cycles) when an action
should be taken by the microcontroller. This can be an Interrupt Service Routine (ISR), event generator
via the event system, or a software flag that is polled via the user application.
3.5.2.
Waveform Generation
Waveform generation enables the TC module to generate square waves, or if combined with an external
passive low-pass filter; analog waveforms.
3.5.3.
Waveform Generation - PWM
Pulse width modulation is a form of waveform generation and a signalling technique that can be useful in
many situations. When PWM mode is used, a digital pulse train with a configurable frequency and duty
cycle can be generated by the TC module and output to a GPIO pin of the device.
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Often PWM is used to communicate a control or information parameter to an external circuit or
component. Differing impedances of the source generator and sink receiver circuits are less of an issue
when using PWM compared to using an analog voltage value, as noise will not generally affect the
signal's integrity to a meaningful extent.
Figure 3-2 Example of PWM in Normal Mode, and Different Counter Operations on page 12 illustrates
operations and different states of the counter and its output when running the counter in PWM normal
mode. As can be seen, the TOP value is unchanged and is set to MAX. The compare match value is
changed at several points to illustrate the resulting waveform output changes. The PWM output is set to
normal (i.e. non-inverted) output mode.
Figure 3-2. Example of PWM in Normal Mode, and Different Counter Operations
Reload counter to zero
Counter
value
TOP = Max
Compare
match
value
Time
Compare value has been changed
with tc_set_compare_value()
Match
PWM
output
In Figure 3-3 Example of PWM in Match Mode and Different Counter Operations on page 13, the
counter is set to generate PWM in Match mode. The PWM output is inverted via the appropriate
configuration option in the TC driver configuration structure. In this example, the counter value is changed
once, but the compare match value is kept unchanged. As can be seen, it is possible to change the TOP
value when running in PWM match mode.
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Figure 3-3. Example of PWM in Match Mode and Different Counter Operations
TOP value has been changed
using tc_set_top_value()
Counter
value
Count is written using
tc_set_count_value()
Max
Compare
match
value
Time
Reload to TOP value
Match
PWM
inverted
output
3.5.4.
Waveform Generation - Frequency
Frequency Generation mode is in many ways identical to PWM generation. However, in Frequency
Generation a toggle only occurs on the output when a match on a capture channels occurs. When the
match is made, the timer value is reset, resulting in a variable frequency square wave with a fixed 50%
duty cycle.
3.5.5.
Capture Operations
In capture operations, any event from the event system or a pin change can trigger a capture of the
counter value. This captured counter value can be used as a timestamp for the event, or it can be used in
frequency and pulse width capture.
3.5.6.
Capture Operations - Event
Event capture is a simple use of the capture functionality, designed to create timestamps for specific
events. When the TC module's input capture pin is externally toggled, the current timer count value is
copied into a buffered register which can then be read out by the user application.
Note that when performing any capture operation, there is a risk that the counter reaches its top value
(MAX) when counting up, or the bottom value (zero) when counting down, before the capture event
occurs. This can distort the result, making event timestamps to appear shorter than reality; the user
application should check for timer overflow when reading a capture result in order to detect this situation
and perform an appropriate adjustment.
Before checking for a new capture, TC_STATUS_COUNT_OVERFLOW should be checked. The
response to an overflow error is left to the user application, however it may be necessary to clear both the
capture overflow flag and the capture flag upon each capture reading.
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3.5.7.
Capture Operations - Pulse Width
Pulse Width Capture mode makes it possible to measure the pulse width and period of PWM signals.
This mode uses two capture channels of the counter. This means that the counter module used for Pulse
Width Capture can not be used for any other purpose. There are two modes for pulse width capture;
Pulse Width Period (PWP) and Period Pulse Width (PPW). In PWP mode, capture channel 0 is used for
storing the pulse width and capture channel 1 stores the observed period. While in PPW mode, the roles
of the two capture channels are reversed.
As in the above example it is necessary to poll on interrupt flags to see if a new capture has happened
and check that a capture overflow error has not occurred.
3.6.
One-shot Mode
TC modules can be configured into a one-shot mode. When configured in this manner, starting the timer
will cause it to count until the next overflow or underflow condition before automatically halting, waiting to
be manually triggered by the user application software or an event signal from the event system.
3.6.1.
Wave Generation Output Inversion
The output of the wave generation can be inverted by hardware if desired, resulting in the logically
inverted value being output to the configured device GPIO pin.
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4.
Special Considerations
The number of capture compare registers in each TC module is dependent on the specific SAM device
being used, and in some cases the counter size.
The maximum amount of capture compare registers available in any SAM device is two when running in
32-bit mode and four in 8- and 16-bit modes.
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5.
Extra Information
For extra information, see Extra Information for TC Driver. This includes:
•
Acronyms
•
Dependencies
•
Errata
•
Module History
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6.
Examples
For a list of examples related to this driver, see Examples for TC Driver.
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7.
API Overview
7.1.
Variable and Type Definitions
7.1.1.
Waveform Inversion Mode
7.1.1.1.
Type tc_callback_t
typedef void(* tc_callback_t )(struct tc_module *const module)
Type of the callback functions.
7.2.
Structure Definitions
7.2.1.
Struct tc_16bit_config
Table 7-1. Members
7.2.2.
Type
Name
Description
uint16_t
compare_capture_channel[]
Value to be used for compare match on each channel
uint16_t
value
Initial timer count value
Struct tc_32bit_config
Table 7-2. Members
7.2.3.
Type
Name
Description
uint32_t
compare_capture_channel[]
Value to be used for compare match on each channel
uint32_t
value
Initial timer count value
Struct tc_8bit_config
Table 7-3. Members
Type
Name
Description
uint8_t compare_capture_channel[] Value to be used for compare match on each channel
7.2.4.
uint8_t period
Where to count to or from depending on the direction on the
counter
uint8_t value
Initial timer count value
Struct tc_config
Configuration struct for a TC instance. This structure should be initialized by the tc_get_config_defaults
function before being modified by the user application.
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Table 7-4. Members
7.2.5.
Type
Name
Description
union [email protected]
@1
Access the different counter size settings
through this configuration member.
enum
tc_clock_prescaler
clock_prescaler
Specifies the prescaler value for GCLK_TC
enum gclk_generator
clock_source
GCLK generator used to clock the peripheral
enum
tc_count_direction
count_direction
Specifies the direction for the TC to count
enum tc_counter_size
counter_size
Specifies either 8-, 16-, or 32-bit counter size
bool
double_buffering_enabled
Set to true to enable double buffering write.
When enabled any write through
tc_set_top_value(), tc_set_compare_value()
and will direct to the buffer register as buffered
value, and the buffered value will be committed
to effective register on UPDATE condition, if
update is not locked.
bool
enable_capture_on_channel[] Specifies which channel(s) to enable channel
capture operation on
bool
enable_capture_on_IO[]
Specifies which channel(s) to enable I/O
capture operation on
bool
oneshot
When true, one-shot will stop the TC on next
hardware or software re-trigger event or
overflow/underflow
struct tc_pwm_channel pwm_channel[]
Specifies the PWM channel for TC
enum tc_reload_action
reload_action
Specifies the reload or reset time of the counter
and prescaler resynchronization on a re-trigger
event for the TC
bool
run_in_standby
When true the module is enabled during
standby
enum
tc_wave_generation
wave_generation
Specifies which waveform generation mode to
use
uint8_t
waveform_invert_output
Specifies which channel(s) to invert the
waveform on. For SAM L21/L22/C20/C21, it's
also used to invert I/O input pin.
Union tc_config.__unnamed__
Access the different counter size settings through this configuration member.
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Table 7-5. Members
7.2.6.
Type
Name
Description
struct tc_16bit_config
counter_16_bit
Struct for 16-bit specific timer configuration
struct tc_32bit_config
counter_32_bit
Struct for 32-bit specific timer configuration
struct tc_8bit_config
counter_8_bit
Struct for 8-bit specific timer configuration
Struct tc_events
Event flags for the tc_enable_events() and tc_disable_events().
Table 7-6. Members
7.2.7.
Type
Name
Description
enum
tc_event_action
event_action
Specifies which event to trigger if an
event is triggered
bool
generate_event_on_compare_channel[] Generate an output event on a compare
channel match
bool
generate_event_on_overflow
Generate an output event on counter
overflow
bool
invert_event_input
Specifies if the input event source is
inverted, when used in PWP or PPW
event action modes
bool
on_event_perform_action
Perform the configured event action
when an incoming event is signalled
Struct tc_module
TC software instance structure, used to retain software state information of an associated hardware
module instance.
Note: The fields of this structure should not be altered by the user application; they are reserved for
module-internal use only.
7.2.8.
Struct tc_pwm_channel
Table 7-7. Members
Type
Name
Description
bool
enabled
When true, PWM output for the given channel is enabled
uint32_t
pin_mux
Specifies Multiplexer (MUX) setting for each output channel pin
uint32_t
pin_out
Specifies pin output for each channel
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7.3.
Macro Definitions
7.3.1.
Macro FEATURE_TC_DOUBLE_BUFFERED
#define FEATURE_TC_DOUBLE_BUFFERED
Define port features set according to different device familyTC double buffered.
7.3.2.
Macro FEATURE_TC_SYNCBUSY_SCHEME_VERSION_2
#define FEATURE_TC_SYNCBUSY_SCHEME_VERSION_2
SYNCBUSY scheme version 2.
7.3.3.
Macro FEATURE_TC_STAMP_PW_CAPTURE
#define FEATURE_TC_STAMP_PW_CAPTURE
TC time stamp capture and pulse width capture.
7.3.4.
Macro FEATURE_TC_READ_SYNC
#define FEATURE_TC_READ_SYNC
Read synchronization of COUNT.
7.3.5.
Macro FEATURE_TC_IO_CAPTURE
#define FEATURE_TC_IO_CAPTURE
I/O pin edge capture.
7.3.6.
Macro FEATURE_TC_GENERATE_DMA_TRIGGER
#define FEATURE_TC_GENERATE_DMA_TRIGGER
Generate Direct Memory Access (DMA) triggers.
7.3.7.
Module Status Flags
TC status flags, returned by tc_get_status() and cleared by tc_clear_status().
7.3.7.1.
Macro TC_STATUS_CHANNEL_0_MATCH
#define TC_STATUS_CHANNEL_0_MATCH
Timer channel 0 has matched against its compare value, or has captured a new value.
7.3.7.2.
Macro TC_STATUS_CHANNEL_1_MATCH
#define TC_STATUS_CHANNEL_1_MATCH
Timer channel 1 has matched against its compare value, or has captured a new value.
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7.3.7.3.
Macro TC_STATUS_SYNC_READY
#define TC_STATUS_SYNC_READY
Timer register synchronization has completed, and the synchronized count value may be read.
7.3.7.4.
Macro TC_STATUS_CAPTURE_OVERFLOW
#define TC_STATUS_CAPTURE_OVERFLOW
A new value was captured before the previous value was read, resulting in lost data.
7.3.7.5.
Macro TC_STATUS_COUNT_OVERFLOW
#define TC_STATUS_COUNT_OVERFLOW
The timer count value has overflowed from its maximum value to its minimum when counting upward, or
from its minimum value to its maximum when counting downward.
7.3.7.6.
Macro TC_STATUS_CHN0_BUFFER_VALID
#define TC_STATUS_CHN0_BUFFER_VALID
Channel 0 compare or capture buffer valid.
7.3.7.7.
Macro TC_STATUS_CHN1_BUFFER_VALID
#define TC_STATUS_CHN1_BUFFER_VALID
Channel 1 compare or capture buffer valid.
7.3.7.8.
Macro TC_STATUS_PERIOD_BUFFER_VALID
#define TC_STATUS_PERIOD_BUFFER_VALID
Period buffer valid.
7.3.8.
TC Wave Generation Mode
7.3.8.1.
Macro TC_WAVE_GENERATION_NORMAL_FREQ_MODE
#define TC_WAVE_GENERATION_NORMAL_FREQ_MODE
TC wave generation mode: normal frequency.
7.3.8.2.
Macro TC_WAVE_GENERATION_MATCH_FREQ_MODE
#define TC_WAVE_GENERATION_MATCH_FREQ_MODE
TC wave generation mode: match frequency.
7.3.8.3.
Macro TC_WAVE_GENERATION_NORMAL_PWM_MODE
#define TC_WAVE_GENERATION_NORMAL_PWM_MODE
TC wave generation mode: normal PWM.
7.3.8.4.
Macro TC_WAVE_GENERATION_MATCH_PWM_MODE
#define TC_WAVE_GENERATION_MATCH_PWM_MODE
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TC wave generation mode: match PWM.
7.3.9.
Waveform Inversion Mode
7.3.9.1.
Macro TC_WAVEFORM_INVERT_CC0_MODE
#define TC_WAVEFORM_INVERT_CC0_MODE
Waveform inversion CC0 mode.
7.3.9.2.
Macro TC_WAVEFORM_INVERT_CC1_MODE
#define TC_WAVEFORM_INVERT_CC1_MODE
Waveform inversion CC1 mode.
7.4.
Function Definitions
7.4.1.
Driver Initialization and Configuration
7.4.1.1.
Function tc_is_syncing()
Determines if the hardware module(s) are currently synchronizing to the bus.
bool tc_is_syncing(
const struct tc_module *const module_inst)
Checks to see if the underlying hardware peripheral module(s) are currently synchronizing across multiple
clock domains to the hardware bus. This function can be used to delay further operations on a module
until such time that it is ready, to prevent blocking delays for synchronization in the user application.
Table 7-8. Parameters
Data direction
Parameter name
Description
[in]
module_inst
Pointer to the software module instance struct
Returns
Synchronization status of the underlying hardware module(s).
Table 7-9. Return Values
7.4.1.2.
Return value
Description
false
If the module has completed synchronization
true
If the module synchronization is ongoing
Function tc_get_config_defaults()
Initializes config with predefined default values.
void tc_get_config_defaults(
struct tc_config *const config)
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This function will initialize a given TC configuration structure to a set of known default values. This
function should be called on any new instance of the configuration structures before being modified by the
user application.
The default configuration is as follows:
•
GCLK generator 0 (GCLK main) clock source
•
16-bit counter size on the counter
•
No prescaler
•
Normal frequency wave generation
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
GCLK reload action
Don't run in standby
Don't run on demand for SAM L21/L22/C20/C21
No inversion of waveform output
No capture enabled
No I/O capture enabled for SAM L21/L22/C20/C21
No event input enabled
Count upward
Don't perform one-shot operations
No event action
No channel 0 PWM output
No channel 1 PWM output
Counter starts on 0
Capture compare channel 0 set to 0
Capture compare channel 1 set to 0
No PWM pin output enabled
Pin and MUX configuration not set
Double buffer disabled (if have this feature)
Table 7-10. Parameters
7.4.1.3.
Data direction
Parameter name
Description
[out]
config
Pointer to a TC module configuration structure to set
Function tc_init()
Initializes a hardware TC module instance.
enum status_code tc_init(
struct tc_module *const module_inst,
Tc *const hw,
const struct tc_config *const config)
Enables the clock and initializes the TC module, based on the given configuration values.
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Table 7-11. Parameters
Data direction
Parameter name
Description
[in, out]
module_inst
Pointer to the software module instance struct
[in]
hw
Pointer to the TC hardware module
[in]
config
Pointer to the TC configuration options struct
Returns
Status of the initialization procedure.
Table 7-12. Return Values
Return value
Description
STATUS_OK
The module was initialized successfully
STATUS_BUSY
Hardware module was busy when the initialization procedure was attempted
STATUS_INVALID_ARG An invalid configuration option or argument was supplied
STATUS_ERR_DENIED Hardware module was already enabled, or the hardware module is configured
in 32-bit slave mode
7.4.2.
Event Management
7.4.2.1.
Function tc_enable_events()
Enables a TC module event input or output.
void tc_enable_events(
struct tc_module *const module_inst,
struct tc_events *const events)
Enables one or more input or output events to or from the TC module. See tc_events for a list of events
this module supports.
Note: Events cannot be altered while the module is enabled.
Table 7-13. Parameters
7.4.2.2.
Data direction
Parameter name
Description
[in]
module_inst
Pointer to the software module instance struct
[in]
events
Struct containing flags of events to enable
Function tc_disable_events()
Disables a TC module event input or output.
void tc_disable_events(
struct tc_module *const module_inst,
struct tc_events *const events)
Disables one or more input or output events to or from the TC module. See tc_events for a list of events
this module supports.
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Note: Events cannot be altered while the module is enabled.
Table 7-14. Parameters
Data direction
Parameter name
Description
[in]
module_inst
Pointer to the software module instance struct
[in]
events
Struct containing flags of events to disable
7.4.3.
Enable/Disable/Reset
7.4.3.1.
Function tc_reset()
Resets the TC module.
enum status_code tc_reset(
const struct tc_module *const module_inst)
Resets the TC module, restoring all hardware module registers to their default values and disabling the
module. The TC module will not be accessible while the reset is being performed.
Note: When resetting a 32-bit counter only the master TC module's instance structure should be passed
to the function.
Table 7-15. Parameters
Data direction
Parameter name
Description
[in]
module_inst
Pointer to the software module instance struct
Returns
Status of the procedure.
Table 7-16. Return Values
Return value
Description
STATUS_OK
The module was reset successfully
STATUS_ERR_UNSUPPORTED_DEV A 32-bit slave TC module was passed to the function. Only use
reset on master TC
7.4.3.2.
Function tc_enable()
Enable the TC module.
void tc_enable(
const struct tc_module *const module_inst)
Enables a TC module that has been previously initialized. The counter will start when the counter is
enabled.
Note: When the counter is configured to re-trigger on an event, the counter will not start until the start
function is used.
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Table 7-17. Parameters
7.4.3.3.
Data direction
Parameter name
Description
[in]
module_inst
Pointer to the software module instance struct
Function tc_disable()
Disables the TC module.
void tc_disable(
const struct tc_module *const module_inst)
Disables a TC module and stops the counter.
Table 7-18. Parameters
Data direction
Parameter name
Description
[in]
module_inst
Pointer to the software module instance struct
7.4.4.
Get/Set Count Value
7.4.4.1.
Function tc_get_count_value()
Get TC module count value.
uint32_t tc_get_count_value(
const struct tc_module *const module_inst)
Retrieves the current count value of a TC module. The specified TC module may be started or stopped.
Table 7-19. Parameters
Data direction
Parameter name
Description
[in]
module_inst
Pointer to the software module instance struct
Returns
Count value of the specified TC module.
7.4.4.2.
Function tc_set_count_value()
Sets TC module count value.
enum status_code tc_set_count_value(
const struct tc_module *const module_inst,
const uint32_t count)
Sets the current timer count value of a initialized TC module. The specified TC module may be started or
stopped.
Table 7-20. Parameters
Data direction
Parameter name
Description
[in]
module_inst
Pointer to the software module instance struct
[in]
count
New timer count value to set
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Returns
Status of the count update procedure.
Table 7-21. Return Values
Return value
Description
STATUS_OK
The timer count was updated successfully
STATUS_ERR_INVALID_ARG
An invalid timer counter size was specified
7.4.5.
Start/Stop Counter
7.4.5.1.
Function tc_stop_counter()
Stops the counter.
void tc_stop_counter(
const struct tc_module *const module_inst)
This function will stop the counter. When the counter is stopped the value in the count value is set to 0 if
the counter was counting up, or maximum if the counter was counting down when stopped.
Table 7-22. Parameters
7.4.5.2.
Data direction
Parameter name
Description
[in]
module_inst
Pointer to the software module instance struct
Function tc_start_counter()
Starts the counter.
void tc_start_counter(
const struct tc_module *const module_inst)
Starts or restarts an initialized TC module's counter.
Table 7-23. Parameters
Data direction
Parameter name
Description
[in]
module_inst
Pointer to the software module instance struct
7.4.6.
Double Buffering
7.4.6.1.
Function tc_update_double_buffer()
Update double buffer.
void tc_update_double_buffer(
const struct tc_module *const module_inst)
Update double buffer.
Table 7-24. Parameters
Data direction
Parameter name
Description
[in]
module_inst
Pointer to the software module instance struct
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7.4.7.
Count Read Synchronization
7.4.7.1.
Function tc_sync_read_count()
Read synchronization of COUNT.
void tc_sync_read_count(
const struct tc_module *const module_inst)
Read synchronization of COUNT.
Table 7-25. Parameters
Data direction
Parameter name
Description
[in]
module_inst
Pointer to the software module instance struct
7.4.8.
Generate TC DMA Triggers Command
7.4.8.1.
Function tc_dma_trigger_command()
TC DMA Trigger.
void tc_dma_trigger_command(
const struct tc_module *const module_inst)
TC DMA trigger command.
Table 7-26. Parameters
Data direction
Parameter name
Description
[in]
module_inst
Pointer to the software module instance struct
7.4.9.
Get Capture Set Compare
7.4.9.1.
Function tc_get_capture_value()
Gets the TC module capture value.
uint32_t tc_get_capture_value(
const struct tc_module *const module_inst,
const enum tc_compare_capture_channel channel_index)
Retrieves the capture value in the indicated TC module capture channel.
Table 7-27. Parameters
Data direction
Parameter name
Description
[in]
module_inst
Pointer to the software module instance struct
[in]
channel_index
Index of the Compare Capture channel to read
Returns
Capture value stored in the specified timer channel.
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7.4.9.2.
Function tc_set_compare_value()
Sets a TC module compare value.
enum status_code tc_set_compare_value(
const struct tc_module *const module_inst,
const enum tc_compare_capture_channel channel_index,
const uint32_t compare_value)
Writes a compare value to the given TC module compare/capture channel.
Table 7-28. Parameters
Data direction
Parameter name
Description
[in]
module_inst
Pointer to the software module instance struct
[in]
channel_index
Index of the compare channel to write to
[in]
compare
New compare value to set
Returns
Status of the compare update procedure.
Table 7-29. Return Values
7.4.10.
Return value
Description
STATUS_OK
The compare value was updated successfully
STATUS_ERR_INVALID_ARG
An invalid channel index was supplied
Set Top Value
7.4.10.1. Function tc_set_top_value()
Set the timer TOP/period value.
enum status_code tc_set_top_value(
const struct tc_module *const module_inst,
const uint32_t top_value)
For 8-bit counter size this function writes the top value to the period register.
For 16- and 32-bit counter size this function writes the top value to Capture Compare register 0. The
value in this register can not be used for any other purpose.
Note: This function is designed to be used in PWM or frequency match modes only, when the counter is
set to 16- or 32-bit counter size. In 8-bit counter size it will always be possible to change the top value
even in normal mode.
Table 7-30. Parameters
Data direction
Parameter name
Description
[in]
module_inst
Pointer to the software module instance struct
[in]
top_value
New timer TOP value to set
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Returns
Status of the TOP set procedure.
Table 7-31. Return Values
Return value
Description
STATUS_OK
The timer TOP value was updated successfully
STATUS_ERR_INVALID_ARG The configured TC module counter size in the module instance is invalid
7.4.11.
Status Management
7.4.11.1. Function tc_get_status()
Retrieves the current module status.
uint32_t tc_get_status(
struct tc_module *const module_inst)
Retrieves the status of the module, giving overall state information.
Table 7-32. Parameters
Data direction
Parameter name
Description
[in]
module_inst
Pointer to the TC software instance struct
Returns
Bitmask of TC_STATUS_* flags.
Table 7-33. Return Values
Return value
Description
TC_STATUS_CHANNEL_0_MATCH
Timer channel 0 compare/capture match
TC_STATUS_CHANNEL_1_MATCH
Timer channel 1 compare/capture match
TC_STATUS_SYNC_READY
Timer read synchronization has completed
TC_STATUS_CAPTURE_OVERFLOW
Timer capture data has overflowed
TC_STATUS_COUNT_OVERFLOW
Timer count value has overflowed
TC_STATUS_CHN0_BUFFER_VALID
Timer count channel 0 compare/capture buffer valid
TC_STATUS_CHN1_BUFFER_VALID
Timer count channel 1 compare/capture buffer valid
TC_STATUS_PERIOD_BUFFER_VALID
Timer count period buffer valid
7.4.11.2. Function tc_clear_status()
Clears a module status flag.
void tc_clear_status(
struct tc_module *const module_inst,
const uint32_t status_flags)
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Clears the given status flag of the module.
Table 7-34. Parameters
Data direction
Parameter name
Description
[in]
module_inst
Pointer to the TC software instance struct
[in]
status_flags
Bitmask of TC_STATUS_* flags to clear
7.5.
Enumeration Definitions
7.5.1.
Waveform Inversion Mode
7.5.1.1.
Enum tc_waveform_invert_output
Output waveform inversion mode.
Table 7-35. Members
7.5.1.2.
Enum value
Description
TC_WAVEFORM_INVERT_OUTPUT_NONE
No inversion of the waveform output
TC_WAVEFORM_INVERT_OUTPUT_CHANNEL_0
Invert output from compare channel 0
TC_WAVEFORM_INVERT_OUTPUT_CHANNEL_1
Invert output from compare channel 1
Enum tc_event_action
Event action to perform when the module is triggered by an event.
Table 7-36. Members
Enum value
Description
TC_EVENT_ACTION_OFF
No event action
TC_EVENT_ACTION_RETRIGGER
Re-trigger on event
TC_EVENT_ACTION_INCREMENT_COUNTER Increment counter on event
7.5.2.
TC_EVENT_ACTION_START
Start counter on event
TC_EVENT_ACTION_PPW
Store period in capture register 0, pulse width in
capture register 1
TC_EVENT_ACTION_PWP
Store pulse width in capture register 0, period in
capture register 1
TC_EVENT_ACTION_STAMP
Time stamp capture
TC_EVENT_ACTION_PW
Pulse width capture
Enum tc_callback
Enum for the possible callback types for the TC module.
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Table 7-37. Members
7.5.3.
Enum value
Description
TC_CALLBACK_OVERFLOW
Callback for TC overflow
TC_CALLBACK_ERROR
Callback for capture overflow error
TC_CALLBACK_CC_CHANNEL0
Callback for capture compare channel 0
TC_CALLBACK_CC_CHANNEL1
Callback for capture compare channel 1
Enum tc_clock_prescaler
This enum is used to choose the clock prescaler configuration. The prescaler divides the clock frequency
of the TC module to make the counter count slower.
Table 7-38. Members
7.5.4.
Enum value
Description
TC_CLOCK_PRESCALER_DIV1
Divide clock by 1
TC_CLOCK_PRESCALER_DIV2
Divide clock by 2
TC_CLOCK_PRESCALER_DIV4
Divide clock by 4
TC_CLOCK_PRESCALER_DIV8
Divide clock by 8
TC_CLOCK_PRESCALER_DIV16
Divide clock by 16
TC_CLOCK_PRESCALER_DIV64
Divide clock by 64
TC_CLOCK_PRESCALER_DIV256
Divide clock by 256
TC_CLOCK_PRESCALER_DIV1024
Divide clock by 1024
Enum tc_compare_capture_channel
This enum is used to specify which capture/compare channel to do operations on.
Table 7-39. Members
7.5.5.
Enum value
Description
TC_COMPARE_CAPTURE_CHANNEL_0
Index of compare capture channel 0
TC_COMPARE_CAPTURE_CHANNEL_1
Index of compare capture channel 1
Enum tc_count_direction
Timer/Counter count direction.
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Table 7-40. Members
7.5.6.
Enum value
Description
TC_COUNT_DIRECTION_UP
Timer should count upward from zero to MAX
TC_COUNT_DIRECTION_DOWN
Timer should count downward to zero from MAX
Enum tc_counter_size
This enum specifies the maximum value it is possible to count to.
Table 7-41. Members
Enum value
Description
TC_COUNTER_SIZE_8BIT
The counter's maximum value is 0xFF, the period register is available to
be used as top value
TC_COUNTER_SIZE_16BIT The counter's maximum value is 0xFFFF. There is no separate period
register, to modify top one of the capture compare registers has to be
used. This limits the amount of available channels.
TC_COUNTER_SIZE_32BIT The counter's maximum value is 0xFFFFFFFF. There is no separate
period register, to modify top one of the capture compare registers has to
be used. This limits the amount of available channels.
7.5.7.
Enum tc_reload_action
This enum specify how the counter and prescaler should reload.
Table 7-42. Members
Enum value
Description
TC_RELOAD_ACTION_GCLK
The counter is reloaded/reset on the next GCLK and starts counting
on the prescaler clock
TC_RELOAD_ACTION_PRESC
The counter is reloaded/reset on the next prescaler clock
TC_RELOAD_ACTION_RESYNC The counter is reloaded/reset on the next GCLK, and the prescaler
is restarted as well
7.5.8.
Enum tc_wave_generation
This enum is used to select which mode to run the wave generation in.
Table 7-43. Members
Enum value
Description
TC_WAVE_GENERATION_NORMAL_FREQ Top is maximum, except in 8-bit counter size where it is
the PER register
TC_WAVE_GENERATION_MATCH_FREQ
Top is CC0, except in 8-bit counter size where it is the
PER register
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Enum value
Description
TC_WAVE_GENERATION_NORMAL_PWM Top is maximum, except in 8-bit counter size where it is
the PER register
TC_WAVE_GENERATION_MATCH_PWM
Top is CC0, except in 8-bit counter size where it is the
PER register
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8.
Extra Information for TC Driver
8.1.
Acronyms
The table below presents the acronyms used in this module:
8.2.
Acronym
Description
DMA
Direct Memory Access
TC
Timer Counter
PWM
Pulse Width Modulation
PWP
Pulse Width Period
PPW
Period Pulse Width
Dependencies
This driver has the following dependencies:
•
8.3.
System Pin Multiplexer Driver
Errata
There are no errata related to this driver.
8.4.
Module History
An overview of the module history is presented in the table below, with details on the enhancements and
fixes made to the module since its first release. The current version of this corresponds to the newest
version in the table.
Changelog
Added support for SAM D21 and do some modifications as below:
•
Clean up in the configuration structure, the counter size setting specific registers is accessed
through the counter_8_bit, counter_16_bit, and counter_32_bit structures
•
All event related settings moved into the tc_event structure
Added automatic digital clock interface enable for the slave TC module when a timer is initialized in 32bit mode
Initial release
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9.
Examples for TC Driver
This is a list of the available Quick Start guides (QSGs) and example applications for SAM Timer/Counter
(TC) Driver. QSGs are simple examples with step-by-step instructions to configure and use this driver in a
selection of use cases. Note that QSGs can be compiled as a standalone application or be added to the
user application.
•
•
•
•
•
9.1.
Quick Start Guide for TC - Basic
Quick Start Guide for TC - Match Frequency Wave Generation
Quick Start Guide for TC - Timer
Quick Start Guide for TC - Callback
Quick Start Guide for Using DMA with TC
Quick Start Guide for TC - Basic
In this use case, the TC will be used to generate a PWM signal. Here the pulse width is set to one quarter
of the period. The TC module will be set up as follows:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
GCLK generator 0 (GCLK main) clock source
16-bit resolution on the counter
No prescaler
Normal PWM wave generation
GCLK reload action
Don't run in standby
No inversion of waveform output
No capture enabled
Count upward
Don't perform one-shot operations
No event input enabled
No event action
No event generation enabled
Counter starts on 0
Capture compare channel 0 set to 0xFFFF/4
9.1.1.
Quick Start
9.1.1.1.
Prerequisites
There are no prerequisites for this use case.
9.1.1.2.
Code
Add to the main application source file, before any functions:
•
SAM D21 Xplained Pro.
#define PWM_MODULE
EXT1_PWM_MODULE
#define PWM_OUT_PIN
EXT1_PWM_0_PIN
#define PWM_OUT_MUX
EXT1_PWM_0_MUX
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•
•
•
•
•
•
•
SAM D20 Xplained Pro.
#define PWM_MODULE
EXT1_PWM_MODULE
#define PWM_OUT_PIN
EXT1_PWM_0_PIN
#define PWM_OUT_MUX
EXT1_PWM_0_MUX
SAM R21 Xplained Pro.
#define PWM_MODULE
EXT1_PWM_MODULE
#define PWM_OUT_PIN
EXT1_PWM_0_PIN
#define PWM_OUT_MUX
EXT1_PWM_0_MUX
SAM D11 Xplained Pro.
#define PWM_MODULE
EXT1_PWM_MODULE
#define PWM_OUT_PIN
EXT1_PWM_0_PIN
#define PWM_OUT_MUX
EXT1_PWM_0_MUX
SAM L21 Xplained Pro.
#define PWM_MODULE
EXT2_PWM_MODULE
#define PWM_OUT_PIN
EXT2_PWM_0_PIN
#define PWM_OUT_MUX
EXT2_PWM_0_MUX
SAM L22 Xplained Pro.
#define PWM_MODULE
EXT1_PWM_MODULE
#define PWM_OUT_PIN
EXT1_PWM_0_PIN
#define PWM_OUT_MUX
EXT1_PWM_0_MUX
SAM DA1 Xplained Pro.
#define PWM_MODULE
EXT1_PWM_MODULE
#define PWM_OUT_PIN
EXT1_PWM_0_PIN
#define PWM_OUT_MUX
EXT1_PWM_0_MUX
SAM C21 Xplained Pro.
#define PWM_MODULE
EXT1_PWM_MODULE
#define PWM_OUT_PIN
EXT1_PWM_0_PIN
#define PWM_OUT_MUX
EXT1_PWM_0_MUX
Add to the main application source file, outside of any functions:
struct tc_module tc_instance;
Copy-paste the following setup code to your user application:
void configure_tc(void)
{
struct tc_config config_tc;
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tc_get_config_defaults(&config_tc);
config_tc.counter_size
= TC_COUNTER_SIZE_16BIT;
config_tc.wave_generation = TC_WAVE_GENERATION_NORMAL_PWM;
config_tc.counter_16_bit.compare_capture_channel[0] = (0xFFFF / 4);
config_tc.pwm_channel[0].enabled = true;
config_tc.pwm_channel[0].pin_out = PWM_OUT_PIN;
config_tc.pwm_channel[0].pin_mux = PWM_OUT_MUX;
tc_init(&tc_instance, PWM_MODULE, &config_tc);
}
tc_enable(&tc_instance);
Add to user application initialization (typically the start of main()):
configure_tc();
9.1.1.3.
Workflow
1.
Create a module software instance structure for the TC module to store the TC driver state while it
is in use.
struct tc_module tc_instance;
2.
Note: This should never go out of scope as long as the module is in use. In most cases, this
should be global.
Configure the TC module.
1. Create a TC module configuration struct, which can be filled out to adjust the configuration of
a physical TC peripheral.
struct tc_config config_tc;
2.
Initialize the TC configuration struct with the module's default values.
tc_get_config_defaults(&config_tc);
3.
Note: This should always be performed before using the configuration struct to ensure that
all values are initialized to known default settings.
Alter the TC settings to configure the counter width, wave generation mode, and the compare
channel 0 value.
config_tc.counter_size
= TC_COUNTER_SIZE_16BIT;
config_tc.wave_generation = TC_WAVE_GENERATION_NORMAL_PWM;
config_tc.counter_16_bit.compare_capture_channel[0] = (0xFFFF /
4);
4.
Alter the TC settings to configure the PWM output on a physical device pin.
config_tc.pwm_channel[0].enabled = true;
config_tc.pwm_channel[0].pin_out = PWM_OUT_PIN;
config_tc.pwm_channel[0].pin_mux = PWM_OUT_MUX;
5.
Configure the TC module with the desired settings.
tc_init(&tc_instance, PWM_MODULE, &config_tc);
6.
Enable the TC module to start the timer and begin PWM signal generation.
tc_enable(&tc_instance);
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9.1.2.
Use Case
9.1.2.1.
Code
Copy-paste the following code to your user application:
while (true) {
/* Infinite loop */
}
9.1.2.2.
Workflow
1.
Enter an infinite loop while the PWM wave is generated via the TC module.
while (true) {
/* Infinite loop */
}
9.2.
Quick Start Guide for TC - Match Frequency Wave Generation
In this use case, the TC will be used to generate a match frequency. The TC module will be set up as
follows:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
GCLK generator 0 (GCLK main) clock source
16-bit resolution on the counter
No prescaler
Match frequency wave generation
GCLK reload action
Don't run in standby
No inversion of waveform output
No capture enabled
Count upward
Don't perform one-shot operations
No event input enabled
No event action
No event generation enabled
Counter starts on 0
Capture compare channel 0 set to 4000
When system clock is 8MHz, and the compare channel 0 is 4000, the output frequency will be about
1KHz ( 8000000/4000/2 ).
9.2.1.
Quick Start
9.2.1.1.
Prerequisites
There are no prerequisites for this use case.
9.2.1.2.
Code
Add to the main application source file, before any functions:
•
SAM D21 Xplained Pro.
#define PWM_MODULE
EXT1_PWM_MODULE
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•
#define PWM_OUT_PIN
EXT1_PWM_0_PIN
#define PWM_OUT_MUX
EXT1_PWM_0_MUX
SAM D20 Xplained Pro.
#define PWM_MODULE
EXT1_PWM_MODULE
#define PWM_OUT_PIN
EXT1_PWM_0_PIN
#define PWM_OUT_MUX
EXT1_PWM_0_MUX
Add to the main application source file, outside of any functions:
struct tc_module tc_instance;
Copy-paste the following setup code to your user application:
void configure_tc(void)
{
struct tc_config config_tc;
tc_get_config_defaults(&config_tc);
config_tc.counter_size
= TC_COUNTER_SIZE_16BIT;
config_tc.wave_generation = TC_WAVE_GENERATION_MATCH_FREQ;
config_tc.counter_16_bit.compare_capture_channel[0] = 4000;
config_tc.pwm_channel[0].enabled = true;
config_tc.pwm_channel[0].pin_out = PWM_OUT_PIN;
config_tc.pwm_channel[0].pin_mux = PWM_OUT_MUX;
tc_init(&tc_instance, PWM_MODULE, &config_tc);
}
tc_enable(&tc_instance);
Add to user application initialization (typically the start of main()):
configure_tc();
9.2.1.3.
Workflow
1.
Create a module software instance structure for the TC module to store the TC driver state while it
is in use.
struct tc_module tc_instance;
2.
Note: This should never go out of scope as long as the module is in use. In most cases, this
should be global.
Configure the TC module.
1. Create a TC module configuration struct, which can be filled out to adjust the configuration of
a physical TC peripheral.
struct tc_config config_tc;
2.
Initialize the TC configuration struct with the module's default values.
tc_get_config_defaults(&config_tc);
Note: This should always be performed before using the configuration struct to ensure that
all values are initialized to known default settings.
Atmel AT03263: SAM D/R/L/C Timer Counter (TC) Driver [APPLICATION NOTE]
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3.
Alter the TC settings to configure the counter width, wave generation mode, and the compare
channel 0 value.
config_tc.counter_size
= TC_COUNTER_SIZE_16BIT;
config_tc.wave_generation = TC_WAVE_GENERATION_MATCH_FREQ;
config_tc.counter_16_bit.compare_capture_channel[0] = 4000;
4.
Alter the TC settings to configure the match frequency output on a physical device pin.
config_tc.pwm_channel[0].enabled = true;
config_tc.pwm_channel[0].pin_out = PWM_OUT_PIN;
config_tc.pwm_channel[0].pin_mux = PWM_OUT_MUX;
5.
Configure the TC module with the desired settings.
tc_init(&tc_instance, PWM_MODULE, &config_tc);
6.
Enable the TC module to start the timer and begin match frequency wave generation.
tc_enable(&tc_instance);
9.2.2.
Use Case
9.2.2.1.
Code
Copy-paste the following code to your user application:
while (true) {
/* Infinite loop */
}
9.2.2.2.
Workflow
1.
Enter an infinite loop while the match frequency wave is generated via the TC module.
while (true) {
/* Infinite loop */
}
9.3.
Quick Start Guide for TC - Timer
In this use case, the TC will be used as a timer to generate overflow and compare match callbacks. In the
callbacks the on-board LED is toggled.
The TC module will be set up as follows:
•
GCLK generator 1 (GCLK 32K) clock source
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•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
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16-bit resolution on the counter
Prescaler is divided by 64
GCLK reload action
Count upward
Don't run in standby
No waveform outputs
No capture enabled
Don't perform one-shot operations
No event input enabled
No event action
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•
•
•
•
•
No event generation enabled
Counter starts on 0
Counter top set to 2000 (about 4s) and generate overflow callback
Channel 0 is set to compare and match value 900 and generate callback
Channel 1 is set to compare and match value 930 and generate callback
9.3.1.
Quick Start
9.3.1.1.
Prerequisites
For this use case, XOSC32K should be enabled and available through GCLK generator 1 clock source
selection. Within Atmel Software Framework (ASF) it can be done through modifying conf_clocks.h. See
System Clock Management Driver for more details about clock configuration.
9.3.1.2.
Code
Add to the main application source file, before any functions, according to the kit used:
•
SAM D20 Xplained Pro.
#define CONF_TC_MODULE TC3
•
SAM D21 Xplained Pro.
#define CONF_TC_MODULE TC3
•
SAM R21 Xplained Pro.
#define CONF_TC_MODULE TC3
•
SAM D11 Xplained Pro.
#define CONF_TC_MODULE TC1
•
SAM L21 Xplained Pro.
#define CONF_TC_MODULE TC3
•
SAM L22 Xplained Pro.
#define CONF_TC_MODULE TC3
•
SAM DA1 Xplained Pro.
#define CONF_TC_MODULE TC3
•
SAM C21 Xplained Pro.
#define CONF_TC_MODULE TC3
Add to the main application source file, outside of any functions:
struct tc_module tc_instance;
Copy-paste the following callback function code to your user application:
void tc_callback_to_toggle_led(
struct tc_module *const module_inst)
{
}
port_pin_toggle_output_level(LED0_PIN);
Atmel AT03263: SAM D/R/L/C Timer Counter (TC) Driver [APPLICATION NOTE]
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Copy-paste the following setup code to your user application:
void configure_tc(void)
{
struct tc_config config_tc;
tc_get_config_defaults(&config_tc);
config_tc.counter_size = TC_COUNTER_SIZE_8BIT;
config_tc.clock_source = GCLK_GENERATOR_1;
config_tc.clock_prescaler = TC_CLOCK_PRESCALER_DIV1024;
config_tc.counter_8_bit.period = 100;
config_tc.counter_8_bit.compare_capture_channel[0] = 50;
config_tc.counter_8_bit.compare_capture_channel[1] = 54;
tc_init(&tc_instance, CONF_TC_MODULE, &config_tc);
}
tc_enable(&tc_instance);
void configure_tc_callbacks(void)
{
}
tc_register_callback(&tc_instance, tc_callback_to_toggle_led,
TC_CALLBACK_OVERFLOW);
tc_register_callback(&tc_instance, tc_callback_to_toggle_led,
TC_CALLBACK_CC_CHANNEL0);
tc_register_callback(&tc_instance, tc_callback_to_toggle_led,
TC_CALLBACK_CC_CHANNEL1);
tc_enable_callback(&tc_instance, TC_CALLBACK_OVERFLOW);
tc_enable_callback(&tc_instance, TC_CALLBACK_CC_CHANNEL0);
tc_enable_callback(&tc_instance, TC_CALLBACK_CC_CHANNEL1);
Add to user application initialization (typically the start of main()):
configure_tc();
configure_tc_callbacks();
9.3.1.3.
Workflow
1.
Create a module software instance structure for the TC module to store the TC driver state while it
is in use.
struct tc_module tc_instance;
2.
Note: This should never go out of scope as long as the module is in use. In most cases, this
should be global.
Configure the TC module.
1.
Create a TC module configuration struct, which can be filled out to adjust the configuration of
a physical TC peripheral.
struct tc_config config_tc;
2.
Initialize the TC configuration struct with the module's default values.
tc_get_config_defaults(&config_tc);
Note: This should always be performed before using the configuration struct to ensure that
all values are initialized to known default settings.
Atmel AT03263: SAM D/R/L/C Timer Counter (TC) Driver [APPLICATION NOTE]
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3.
Alter the TC settings to configure the GCLK source, prescaler, period, and compare channel
values.
config_tc.counter_size = TC_COUNTER_SIZE_8BIT;
config_tc.clock_source = GCLK_GENERATOR_1;
config_tc.clock_prescaler = TC_CLOCK_PRESCALER_DIV1024;
config_tc.counter_8_bit.period = 100;
config_tc.counter_8_bit.compare_capture_channel[0] = 50;
config_tc.counter_8_bit.compare_capture_channel[1] = 54;
4.
Configure the TC module with the desired settings.
tc_init(&tc_instance, CONF_TC_MODULE, &config_tc);
5.
Enable the TC module to start the timer.
tc_enable(&tc_instance);
3.
Configure the TC callbacks.
1. Register the Overflow and Compare Channel Match callback functions with the driver.
tc_register_callback(&tc_instance, tc_callback_to_toggle_led,
TC_CALLBACK_OVERFLOW);
tc_register_callback(&tc_instance, tc_callback_to_toggle_led,
TC_CALLBACK_CC_CHANNEL0);
tc_register_callback(&tc_instance, tc_callback_to_toggle_led,
TC_CALLBACK_CC_CHANNEL1);
2.
Enable the Overflow and Compare Channel Match callbacks so that it will be called by the
driver when appropriate.
tc_enable_callback(&tc_instance, TC_CALLBACK_OVERFLOW);
tc_enable_callback(&tc_instance, TC_CALLBACK_CC_CHANNEL0);
tc_enable_callback(&tc_instance, TC_CALLBACK_CC_CHANNEL1);
9.3.2.
Use Case
9.3.2.1.
Code
Copy-paste the following code to your user application:
system_interrupt_enable_global();
while (true) {
}
9.3.2.2.
Workflow
1.
Enter an infinite loop while the timer is running.
while (true) {
}
9.4.
Quick Start Guide for TC - Callback
In this use case, the TC will be used to generate a PWM signal, with a varying duty cycle. Here the pulse
width is increased each time the timer count matches the set compare value. The TC module will be set
up as follows:
•
GCLK generator 0 (GCLK main) clock source
Atmel AT03263: SAM D/R/L/C Timer Counter (TC) Driver [APPLICATION NOTE]
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•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
16-bit resolution on the counter
No prescaler
Normal PWM wave generation
GCLK reload action
Don't run in standby
No inversion of waveform output
No capture enabled
Count upward
•
•
•
•
•
Don't perform one-shot operations
No event input enabled
No event action
No event generation enabled
Counter starts on 0
9.4.1.
Quick Start
9.4.1.1.
Prerequisites
There are no prerequisites for this use case.
9.4.1.2.
Code
Add to the main application source file, before any functions:
•
SAM D21 Xplained Pro.
•
•
•
•
#define PWM_MODULE
EXT1_PWM_MODULE
#define PWM_OUT_PIN
EXT1_PWM_0_PIN
#define PWM_OUT_MUX
EXT1_PWM_0_MUX
SAM D20 Xplained Pro.
#define PWM_MODULE
EXT1_PWM_MODULE
#define PWM_OUT_PIN
EXT1_PWM_0_PIN
#define PWM_OUT_MUX
EXT1_PWM_0_MUX
SAM R21 Xplained Pro.
#define PWM_MODULE
EXT1_PWM_MODULE
#define PWM_OUT_PIN
EXT1_PWM_0_PIN
#define PWM_OUT_MUX
EXT1_PWM_0_MUX
SAM D11 Xplained Pro.
#define PWM_MODULE
EXT1_PWM_MODULE
#define PWM_OUT_PIN
EXT1_PWM_0_PIN
#define PWM_OUT_MUX
EXT1_PWM_0_MUX
SAM L21 Xplained Pro.
#define PWM_MODULE
EXT2_PWM_MODULE
Atmel AT03263: SAM D/R/L/C Timer Counter (TC) Driver [APPLICATION NOTE]
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•
•
•
#define PWM_OUT_PIN
EXT2_PWM_0_PIN
#define PWM_OUT_MUX
EXT2_PWM_0_MUX
SAM L22 Xplained Pro.
#define PWM_MODULE
EXT3_PWM_MODULE
#define PWM_OUT_PIN
EXT3_PWM_0_PIN
#define PWM_OUT_MUX
EXT3_PWM_0_MUX
SAM DA1 Xplained Pro.
#define PWM_MODULE
EXT1_PWM_MODULE
#define PWM_OUT_PIN
EXT1_PWM_0_PIN
#define PWM_OUT_MUX
EXT1_PWM_0_MUX
SAM C21 Xplained Pro.
#define PWM_MODULE
EXT1_PWM_MODULE
#define PWM_OUT_PIN
EXT1_PWM_0_PIN
#define PWM_OUT_MUX
EXT1_PWM_0_MUX
Add to the main application source file, outside of any functions:
struct tc_module tc_instance;
Copy-paste the following callback function code to your user application:
void tc_callback_to_change_duty_cycle(
struct tc_module *const module_inst)
{
static uint16_t i = 0;
i += 128;
tc_set_compare_value(module_inst, TC_COMPARE_CAPTURE_CHANNEL_0, i
+ 1);
}
Copy-paste the following setup code to your user application:
void configure_tc(void)
{
struct tc_config config_tc;
tc_get_config_defaults(&config_tc);
config_tc.counter_size
= TC_COUNTER_SIZE_16BIT;
config_tc.wave_generation = TC_WAVE_GENERATION_NORMAL_PWM;
config_tc.counter_16_bit.compare_capture_channel[0] = 0xFFFF;
config_tc.pwm_channel[0].enabled = true;
config_tc.pwm_channel[0].pin_out = PWM_OUT_PIN;
config_tc.pwm_channel[0].pin_mux = PWM_OUT_MUX;
tc_init(&tc_instance, PWM_MODULE, &config_tc);
}
tc_enable(&tc_instance);
Atmel AT03263: SAM D/R/L/C Timer Counter (TC) Driver [APPLICATION NOTE]
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void configure_tc_callbacks(void)
{
}
tc_register_callback(
&tc_instance,
tc_callback_to_change_duty_cycle,
TC_CALLBACK_CC_CHANNEL0);
tc_enable_callback(&tc_instance, TC_CALLBACK_CC_CHANNEL0);
Add to user application initialization (typically the start of main()):
configure_tc();
configure_tc_callbacks();
9.4.1.3.
Workflow
1.
Create a module software instance structure for the TC module to store the TC driver state while it
is in use.
struct tc_module tc_instance;
2.
Note: This should never go out of scope as long as the module is in use. In most cases, this
should be global.
Configure the TC module.
1. Create a TC module configuration struct, which can be filled out to adjust the configuration of
a physical TC peripheral.
struct tc_config config_tc;
2.
Initialize the TC configuration struct with the module's default values.
tc_get_config_defaults(&config_tc);
3.
Note: This should always be performed before using the configuration struct to ensure that
all values are initialized to known default settings.
Alter the TC settings to configure the counter width, wave generation mode, and the compare
channel 0 value.
config_tc.counter_size
= TC_COUNTER_SIZE_16BIT;
config_tc.wave_generation = TC_WAVE_GENERATION_NORMAL_PWM;
config_tc.counter_16_bit.compare_capture_channel[0] = 0xFFFF;
4.
Alter the TC settings to configure the PWM output on a physical device pin.
config_tc.pwm_channel[0].enabled = true;
config_tc.pwm_channel[0].pin_out = PWM_OUT_PIN;
config_tc.pwm_channel[0].pin_mux = PWM_OUT_MUX;
5.
Configure the TC module with the desired settings.
tc_init(&tc_instance, PWM_MODULE, &config_tc);
6.
Enable the TC module to start the timer and begin PWM signal generation.
tc_enable(&tc_instance);
3.
Configure the TC callbacks.
1. Register the Compare Channel 0 Match callback functions with the driver.
tc_register_callback(
&tc_instance,
Atmel AT03263: SAM D/R/L/C Timer Counter (TC) Driver [APPLICATION NOTE]
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tc_callback_to_change_duty_cycle,
TC_CALLBACK_CC_CHANNEL0);
2.
Enable the Compare Channel 0 Match callback so that it will be called by the driver when
appropriate.
tc_enable_callback(&tc_instance, TC_CALLBACK_CC_CHANNEL0);
9.4.2.
Use Case
9.4.2.1.
Code
Copy-paste the following code to your user application:
system_interrupt_enable_global();
while (true) {
}
9.4.2.2.
Workflow
1.
Enter an infinite loop while the PWM wave is generated via the TC module.
while (true) {
}
9.5.
Quick Start Guide for Using DMA with TC
The supported kit list:
•
SAM D21/R21/D11/L21/L22/DA1/C21 Xplained Pro
In this use case, the TC will be used to generate a PWM signal. Here the pulse width is set to one quarter
of the period. Once the counter value matches the values in the Compare/Capture Value register, an
event will be tiggered for a DMA memory to memory transfer. The TC module will be set up as follows:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
GCLK generator 0 (GCLK main) clock source
16-bit resolution on the counter
No prescaler
Normal PWM wave generation
GCLK reload action
Don't run in standby
No inversion of waveform output
•
•
•
•
•
No capture enabled
Count upward
Don't perform one-shot operations
No event input enabled
No event action
•
•
•
No event generation enabled
Counter starts on 0
Capture compare channel 0 set to 0xFFFF/4
The DMA module is configured for:
•
Move data from memory to memory
Atmel AT03263: SAM D/R/L/C Timer Counter (TC) Driver [APPLICATION NOTE]
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•
•
Using peripheral trigger of TC6 Match/Compare 0
Using DMA priority level 0
9.5.1.
Quick Start
9.5.1.1.
Prerequisites
There are no prerequisites for this use case.
9.5.1.2.
Code
Add to the main application source file, before any functions, according to the kit used:
•
SAM D21 Xplained Pro.
#define PWM_MODULE
EXT1_PWM_MODULE
#define PWM_OUT_PIN
EXT1_PWM_0_PIN
#define PWM_OUT_MUX
EXT1_PWM_0_MUX
#define M2M_DMAC_TRIGGER_ID TC6_DMAC_ID_MC_0
•
SAM R21 Xplained Pro.
#define PWM_MODULE
EXT1_PWM_MODULE
#define PWM_OUT_PIN
EXT1_PWM_0_PIN
#define PWM_OUT_MUX
EXT1_PWM_0_MUX
#define M2M_DMAC_TRIGGER_ID TC3_DMAC_ID_MC_0
•
SAM D11 Xplained Pro.
#define PWM_MODULE
EXT1_PWM_MODULE
#define PWM_OUT_PIN
EXT1_PWM_0_PIN
#define PWM_OUT_MUX
EXT1_PWM_0_MUX
#define M2M_DMAC_TRIGGER_ID TC1_DMAC_ID_MC_0
•
SAM L21 Xplained Pro.
#define PWM_MODULE
EXT2_PWM_MODULE
#define PWM_OUT_PIN
EXT2_PWM_0_PIN
#define PWM_OUT_MUX
EXT2_PWM_0_MUX
#define M2M_DMAC_TRIGGER_ID TC0_DMAC_ID_MC_0
•
SAM L22 Xplained Pro.
#define PWM_MODULE
EXT1_PWM_MODULE
#define PWM_OUT_PIN
EXT1_PWM_0_PIN
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#define PWM_OUT_MUX
EXT1_PWM_0_MUX
#define M2M_DMAC_TRIGGER_ID TC0_DMAC_ID_MC_0
•
SAM DA1 Xplained Pro.
#define PWM_MODULE
EXT1_PWM_MODULE
#define PWM_OUT_PIN
EXT1_PWM_0_PIN
#define PWM_OUT_MUX
EXT1_PWM_0_MUX
#define M2M_DMAC_TRIGGER_ID TC6_DMAC_ID_MC_0
•
SAM C21 Xplained Pro.
#define PWM_MODULE
EXT1_PWM_MODULE
#define PWM_OUT_PIN
EXT1_PWM_0_PIN
#define PWM_OUT_MUX
EXT1_PWM_0_MUX
#define M2M_DMAC_TRIGGER_ID TC0_DMAC_ID_MC_0
Add to the main application source file, outside of any functions:
struct tc_module tc_instance;
struct dma_resource example_resource;
#define TRANSFER_SIZE
(16)
#define TRANSFER_COUNTER (32)
static uint8_t source_memory[TRANSFER_SIZE*TRANSFER_COUNTER];
static uint8_t destination_memory[TRANSFER_SIZE*TRANSFER_COUNTER];
static volatile bool transfer_is_done = false;
COMPILER_ALIGNED(16)
DmacDescriptor example_descriptor;
Copy-paste the following setup code to your user application:
#define TRANSFER_SIZE
(16)
#define TRANSFER_COUNTER (32)
static uint8_t source_memory[TRANSFER_SIZE*TRANSFER_COUNTER];
static uint8_t destination_memory[TRANSFER_SIZE*TRANSFER_COUNTER];
static volatile bool transfer_is_done = false;
COMPILER_ALIGNED(16)
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DmacDescriptor example_descriptor;
void configure_tc(void)
{
struct tc_config config_tc;
tc_get_config_defaults(&config_tc);
config_tc.counter_size
= TC_COUNTER_SIZE_16BIT;
config_tc.wave_generation = TC_WAVE_GENERATION_NORMAL_PWM;
config_tc.counter_16_bit.compare_capture_channel[0] = (0xFFFF / 4);
config_tc.pwm_channel[0].enabled = true;
config_tc.pwm_channel[0].pin_out = PWM_OUT_PIN;
config_tc.pwm_channel[0].pin_mux = PWM_OUT_MUX;
tc_init(&tc_instance, PWM_MODULE, &config_tc);
}
tc_enable(&tc_instance);
void transfer_done(struct dma_resource* const resource )
{
}
UNUSED(resource);
transfer_is_done = true;
void configure_dma_resource(struct dma_resource *resource)
{
struct dma_resource_config config;
dma_get_config_defaults(&config);
config.peripheral_trigger = M2M_DMAC_TRIGGER_ID;
}
dma_allocate(resource, &config);
void setup_dma_descriptor(DmacDescriptor *descriptor)
{
struct dma_descriptor_config descriptor_config;
dma_descriptor_get_config_defaults(&descriptor_config);
descriptor_config.block_transfer_count = TRANSFER_SIZE;
descriptor_config.source_address = (uint32_t)source_memory +
TRANSFER_SIZE;
descriptor_config.destination_address =
(uint32_t)destination_memory + TRANSFER_SIZE;
}
dma_descriptor_create(descriptor, &descriptor_config);
Add to user application initialization (typically the start of main()):
configure_tc();
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9.5.1.3.
Workflow
Create variables
1.
Create a module software instance structure for the TC module to store the TC driver state while it
is in use.
struct tc_module tc_instance;
Note: This should never go out of scope as long as the module is in use. In most cases, this
should be global.
2.
Create a module software instance structure for DMA resource to store the DMA resource state
while it is in use.
struct dma_resource example_resource;
Note: This should never go out of scope as long as the module is in use. In most cases, this
should be global.
Configure TC
1.
Create a TC module configuration struct, which can be filled out to adjust the configuration of a
physical TC peripheral.
struct tc_config config_tc;
2.
Initialize the TC configuration struct with the module's default values.
tc_get_config_defaults(&config_tc);
3.
Note: This should always be performed before using the configuration struct to ensure that all
values are initialized to known default settings.
Alter the TC settings to configure the counter width, wave generation mode, and the compare
channel 0 value.
config_tc.counter_size
= TC_COUNTER_SIZE_16BIT;
config_tc.wave_generation = TC_WAVE_GENERATION_NORMAL_PWM;
config_tc.counter_16_bit.compare_capture_channel[0] = (0xFFFF / 4);
4.
Alter the TC settings to configure the PWM output on a physical device pin.
config_tc.pwm_channel[0].enabled = true;
config_tc.pwm_channel[0].pin_out = PWM_OUT_PIN;
config_tc.pwm_channel[0].pin_mux = PWM_OUT_MUX;
5.
Configure the TC module with the desired settings.
tc_init(&tc_instance, PWM_MODULE, &config_tc);
6.
Enable the TC module to start the timer and begin PWM signal generation.
tc_enable(&tc_instance);
Configure DMA
1.
Create a DMA resource configuration structure, which can be filled out to adjust the configuration of
a single DMA transfer.
struct dma_resource_config config;
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2.
Initialize the DMA resource configuration struct with the module's default values.
dma_get_config_defaults(&config);
config.peripheral_trigger = M2M_DMAC_TRIGGER_ID;
3.
Note: This should always be performed before using the configuration struct to ensure that all
values are initialized to known default settings.
Allocate a DMA resource with the configurations.
dma_allocate(resource, &config);
4.
Create a DMA transfer descriptor configuration structure, which can be filled out to adjust the
configuration of a single DMA transfer.
struct dma_descriptor_config descriptor_config;
5.
Initialize the DMA transfer descriptor configuration struct with the module's default values.
dma_descriptor_get_config_defaults(&descriptor_config);
6.
Note: This should always be performed before using the configuration struct to ensure that all
values are initialized to known default settings.
Set the specific parameters for a DMA transfer with transfer size, source address, and destination
address.
descriptor_config.block_transfer_count = TRANSFER_SIZE;
descriptor_config.source_address = (uint32_t)source_memory +
TRANSFER_SIZE;
descriptor_config.destination_address =
(uint32_t)destination_memory + TRANSFER_SIZE;
7.
Create the DMA transfer descriptor.
dma_descriptor_create(descriptor, &descriptor_config);
8.
Add the DMA transfer descriptor to the allocated DMA resource.
dma_add_descriptor(&example_resource, &example_descriptor);
9.
Register a callback to indicate transfer status.
dma_register_callback(&example_resource, transfer_done,
DMA_CALLBACK_TRANSFER_DONE);
10. The transfer done flag is set in the registered callback function.
void transfer_done(struct dma_resource* const resource )
{
}
UNUSED(resource);
transfer_is_done = true;
Prepare data
1.
Setup memory content for validate transfer.
for (i = 0; i < TRANSFER_SIZE*TRANSFER_COUNTER; i++) {
}
source_memory[i] = i;
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9.5.2.
Use Case
9.5.2.1.
Code
Copy-paste the following code to your user application:
for(i=0;i<TRANSFER_COUNTER;i++) {
transfer_is_done = false;
dma_start_transfer_job(&example_resource);
while (!transfer_is_done) {
/* Wait for transfer done */
}
}
example_descriptor.SRCADDR.reg += TRANSFER_SIZE;
example_descriptor.DSTADDR.reg += TRANSFER_SIZE;
while(1);
9.5.2.2.
Workflow
1.
Start the loop for transfer.
for(i=0;i<TRANSFER_COUNTER;i++) {
transfer_is_done = false;
dma_start_transfer_job(&example_resource);
while (!transfer_is_done) {
/* Wait for transfer done */
}
}
2.
example_descriptor.SRCADDR.reg += TRANSFER_SIZE;
example_descriptor.DSTADDR.reg += TRANSFER_SIZE;
Set the transfer done flag as false.
transfer_is_done = false;
3.
Start the transfer job.
dma_start_transfer_job(&example_resource);
4.
Wait for transfer done.
while (!transfer_is_done) {
/* Wait for transfer done */
}
5.
Update the source and destination address for next transfer.
example_descriptor.SRCADDR.reg += TRANSFER_SIZE;
example_descriptor.DSTADDR.reg += TRANSFER_SIZE;
6.
Enter endless loop.
while(1);
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10.
Document Revision History
Doc. Rev.
Date
Comments
42123E
12/2015
Added support for SAM L21/L22, SAM DA1, SAM D09, and SAM C21
42123D
12/2014
Added timer use case. Added support for SAM R21 and SAM D10/D11
42123C
01/2014
Added support for SAM D21
42123B
06/2013
Corrected documentation typos
42123A
06/2013
Initial document release
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