Agrium MSDS

Agrium MSDS

Material Safety Data Sheet

PROTECTIVE CLOTHING NFPA Classification

Health

0

0 0 Flammability Reactivity Specific Hazard

DOT / TDG Pictograms WHMIS Classification HMIS

Health Flammability Reactivity PPE

1 0 0 A

Section I. Chemical Product and Company Identification

PRODUCT NAME/ TRADE NAME

Urea, Granular 46-0-0

SYNONYM

This Material Safety Data Sheet applies to the following Agrium products:

CHEMICAL NAME CHEMICAL FAMILY

Urea, Granular Fertilizer Grade 46-0-0 Urea, Granular Fertilizer Grade (300 SGN) 46-0-0 Urea, Granular Fertilizer Grade (330 SGN) 46-0-0 Urea, Industrial Grade 46-0-0 Urea, Lawn Grade 46-0-0 Urea, Forestry Grade 46-0-0 Urea, Fines, 46-0-0 Carbamide Aliphatic amide

CHEMICAL FORMULA MATERIAL USES

CO(NH 2 ) 2 Agricultural use: Fertilizer.

Industrial applications: Manufacture of specialty fertilizers.

MSDS NUMBER: 16008 REVISION NUMBER MSDS prepared by the Environment, Health and Safety Department on:

1.2

August 30, 2010

24 HR EMERGENCY TELEPHONE NUMBER:

Transportation: 1-800-792-8311 Medical: 0-303-389-1653 Collect MANUFACTURER

Agrium North American Wholesale 13131 Lake Fraser Drive, S.E.

Calgary, Alberta, Canada, T2J 7E8 Agrium U.S. Inc.

Suite 1700, 4582 South Ulster St.

Denver, Colorado, U.S.A., 80237

SUPPLIER

Agrium North American Wholesale 13131 Lake Fraser Drive, S.E.

Calgary, Alberta, Canada, T2J 7E8 Agrium U.S. Inc.

Suite 1700, 4582 South Ulster St.

Denver, Colorado, U.S.A., 80237

Section II. Hazardous Ingredients

Exposure Limits (ACGIH) NAME CAS #

Urea Urea reaction products with formaldehyde Imidodicarbonic diamide (biuret) 57-13-6 68611-64-3 108-19-0

ACGIH TLV notations: ---- No assigned TLV (C) - Ceiling - the concentration not to be exceeded at any time (I) - measured as the Inhalable fraction of the aerosol

-- ---

TLV TWA mg/m

3

---

TLV TWA ppm STEL mg/m

3

STEL ppm CEIL mg/m

3

CEIL ppm

(R) - measured as the Respirable fraction of the aerosol (T) - measured as the Thoracic fraction of the aerosol

% by Weight

96-98 <3 ~1

Continued on Next Page

Urea, Granular 46-0-0

TOXICOLOGICAL DATA ON INGREDIENTS

TFI Product Testing Program Results - Urea 46-0-0 :^

Page Number: 2

As formulated above: Acute oral toxicity: 14,300 mg/kg rat; 11,500 mg/kg mouse; 510 mg/kg cattle Chronic oral toxicity, NOAEL: 6,750 mg/kg mouse; 2,250 mg/kg rat Ecotoxicity: Acute toxicity to fish, Barillius barna, LC 50 , 96hr: >9,100 mg/L Acute toxicity to invertibrates, Daphnia, EC 50 (24hr) >10,000 mg/L Acute toxicity to birds, pigeon, LDLo = 16,000 mg/kg subcutaneous Toxicity to algae, Scenedesmus quadricauda, cell multiplication inhibition, TT(192 hr) > 10,000 mg/L

Section III. Hazards Identification.

POTENTIAL ACUTE HEALTH EFFECTS

Not considered to be toxic for humans under normal conditions of use. However, in keeping with good industrial hygiene practises, exposure to any chemical should be kept to a minimum. This product may cause irritation to the eyes and skin due to mechanical action.

POTENTIAL CHRONIC HEALTH EFFECTS

CARCINOGENIC EFFECTS: NONE by ACGIH, EPA, IARC, OSHA.

MUTAGENIC EFFECTS: NONE by ACGIH, EPA, IARC, OSHA.

TERATOGENIC EFFECTS: NONE by ACGIH, EPA, IARC, OSHA.

There is no known effect from chronic exposure to this product. Urea is approved as a food and cosmetic additive, is an ingredient in clinical preparations, and is a normal human metabolite found in urine.

Section IV. First Aid Measures

EYE CONTACT

May cause eye irritation by mechanical action. Immediately flush eyes with running water for at least 15 minutes, keeping eyelids open. Obtain medical attention if irritation persists.

MINOR SKIN CONTACT EXTENSIVE SKIN CONTACT

May cause skin irritation due to drying (salt effect). Wash contaminated skin with soap and water. Cover dry or irritated skin with a good quality skin lotion. If irritation persists, seek medical attention.

No additional information.

MINOR INHALATION SEVERE INHALATION SLIGHT INGESTION EXTENSIVE INGESTION

Repeated or prolonged inhalation of dust may lead to respiratory irritation. Allow the person to rest in a well ventilated area. Obtain medical attention if irritation persists.

No additional information.

Do not induce vomiting. Low toxicity. May cause digestive tract irritation, with accompanying nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. If spontaneous vomiting does occur, lower the head so that the vomit will not reenter the mouth and throat.

If tolerated, give no more than 1 cup of milk or water for adults or 1/2 cup for children to rinse the mouth and throat, dilute the stomach contents, and minimize irritation. Obtain medical attention if irritation persists.

No additional information.

Section V. Fire and Explosion Data

THE PRODUCT IS

Non-flammable.

AUTO-IGNITION TEMPERATURE FLASH POINT

Not applicable.

Not applicable.

FLAMMABILITY LIMITS

Not applicable.

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Urea, Granular 46-0-0

PRODUCTS OF COMBUSTION FIRE HAZARD IN THE PRESENCE OF VARIOUS SUBSTANCES EXPLOSION HAZARD IN THE PRESENCE OF VARIOUS SUBSTANCES FIRE FIGHTING MEDIA AND INSTRUCTIONS SPECIAL REMARKS ON FIRE HAZARDS SPECIAL REMARKS ON EXPLOSION HAZARDS

Page Number: 3

Material will not burn. Undergoes thermal decomposition at elevated temperatures to produce solid cyanuric acid and release toxic and combustible gases (ammonia, carbon dioxide, and oxides of nitrogen).

Not applicable.

May be explosive on contact with halogens such as chlorine. Non-explosive from open flames and sparks, shocks, heat, oxidizing materials, combustible materials, organic materials, metals, acids, alkalis, or moisture.

Non-flammable. Material will not burn. Undergoes thermal decomposition at elevated temperatures to release toxic and combustible gases (ammonia, carbon dioxide, and oxides of nitrogen). If fumes or gases are present, fire fighters should wear self-contained breathing apparatus. Use extinguishing media suitable for surrounding materials.

Flammable/toxic gases will form at elevated temperatures by thermal decomposition. When exposed to heat, ammonia is released.

May be explosive when mixed with hypochlorites due to the formation of nitrogen trichloride which explodes spontaneously in air.

Section VI. Accidental Release Measures

SMALL SPILL

Use appropriate tools to put the spilled solid in a suitable container for intended use or disposal.

LARGE SPILL

Prevent additional discharge of material, if possible to do so without hazard. Prevent spills from entering sewers, watercourses, wells, etc. Product will promote algae growth which may degrade water quality and taste. Notify downstream water users. Recover and place material in suitable containers for recycle, reuse, or disposal.

Section VII. Handling and Storage

PRECAUTIONS

If user operations generate dust, fume or mist, use ventilation to keep exposure to airborne contaminants below the exposure limit. Keep out of reach of children.

STORAGE

Store in a dry, cool and well ventilated area. Keep away from incompatible materials such as reducing agents. Do not blend or store in contact with ammonium nitrate. Dry urea and dry ammonium nitrate will react together to produce a slurry.

Section VIII. Exposure Controls/Personal Protection

ENGINEERING CONTROLS

Use process enclosures, local exhaust ventilation, or other engineering controls to keep airborne levels below recommended exposure limits. If user operations generate dust, use ventilation to keep exposure to airborne contaminants below the exposure limit.

PERSONAL PROTECTION

The selection of personal protective equipment varies, depending upon conditions of use.

Under well controlled conditions where contact with the substance is limited and exposures are below the occupational exposure limit, normal work clothing may suffice. Where skin and eye contact may occur as a result of brief periodic exposures, wear long sleeved clothing or coveralls and safety glasses with side shields.

PERSONAL PROTECTION IN CASE OF LARGE RELEASE EXPOSURE LIMITS

Wear appropriate respirator when ventilation is inadequate. A filtering facepiece dust mask is adequate for most applications. A NIOSH approved full facepiece or half mask dust respirator with N-100 or P-100 filters should be used under conditions where airborne concentrations may exceed occupational exposure limits. For U.S facilities, a respiratory protection program that meets OSHA 29 CFR 1910.134 requirements must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.

No additional recommendations.

AIHA Workplace Environmental Exposure Limits: 10 mg/m 3 TWA for Urea as inhalable dust.

OSHA PEL: 15 mg/m3 for Particulates Not Otherwise Regulated.

Federal, State or Provincial exposure limits may vary by jurisdiction. Consult local authorities for acceptable exposure limits in your area.

Continued on Next Page

Urea, Granular 46-0-0 Section IX. Physical and Chemical Properties

PHYSICAL STATE AND APPEARANCE MOLECULAR WEIGHT

Granular solid.

60.06

pH (10% SOLN/WATER) BOILING POINT MELTING POINT CRITICAL TEMPERATURE SPECIFIC GRAVITY g/cc BULK DENSITY kg/m

3

; lbs/ft

3

VAPOR PRESSURE VAPOR DENSITY

8 Decomposes at 135 o C 132.7°C (270.9°F) Not applicable.

0.74 (Water = 1)

COLOR ODOR ODOR THRESHOLD TASTE VOLATILITY SOLUBILITY

Loose: ~721-770 kg/m 3 ; ~45-48lbs/ft 3 Tapped: ~800-809 kg/m 3 ; ~49-51 lbs/ft 3 0.08 kPa

DISPERSION PROPERTIES WATER/OIL DIST.

COEFF.

Not available.

Page Number: 4

White.

Odorless to slightly ammoniacal.

17 PPM as ammonia.

Saline.

Not available.

Easily soluble in hot water. Soluble in cold water. Partially soluble in methanol, diethyl ether. Insoluble in n-octanol.

See solubility in water, methanol, diethyl ether.

Soluble in water.

Section X. Stability and Reactivity Data

STABILITY

The product is stable.

INSTABILITY TEMPERATURE CONDITIONS OF INSTABILITY INCOMPATABILITY WITH VARIOUS SUBSTANCES CORROSIVITY

Not available.

No additional remark.

Reactive with halogens. Slightly reactive with oxidizing agents, reducing agents, acids, alkalis, moisture. Non-reactive with combustible materials, organic materials, most metals.

Corrosive to mild steel. Slightly corrosive to aluminum, zinc, or copper. Non-corrosive to glass, 304 or 316 stainless steel.

SPECIAL REMARKS ON REACTIVITY SPECIAL REMARKS ON CORROSIVITY

Absorbs moisture from the air. Hygroscopic; keep container tightly closed.

Avoid contact with moisture. Slow hydrolysis may produce acids corrosive to metals. Contact your sales representative or a metallurgical specialist to ensure compatability with your equipment.

Section XI. Toxicological Information

SIGNIFICANT ROUTES OF EXPOSURE TOXICITY TO ANIMALS

Ingestion. Inhalation.

See Section II. Under controlled feeding conditions, urea is used as a nutritional supplement in cattle and other animals. The toxic dose in cattle given urea for the first time is considered to be 0.45 g/kg or a total of 100-200 g. Mature bulls can digest as much as 400 g a day without ill effect. As little as 50 g may cause adverse effects in cattle not accustomed to it.

Animal Antidote and Emergency Treatment: In animals, the cold water - acetic acid treatment may work. The adult cow is given 19-38 liters cold water and 3.8 liters of 5% acetic acid (vinegar) orally. This treatment limits absorption of ammonia from the rumen by diluting the rumen contents and slowing the rate of hydrolysis of urea by decreasing rumen pH and temperature. The treatment also promotes urine flow that, if maintained by fluid therapy, may assure recovery from urea toxicity.

Gaseous or fluid bloat should be relieved before pumping water into the rumen. Consult your veterinarian immediately.

Continued on Next Page

Urea, Granular 46-0-0

SPECIAL REMARKS ON TOXICITY TO ANIMALS

Page Number: 5

Very low toxicity for humans or animals under normal conditions of careful, responsible use.

Urea is used in small quantities as a feed suppliment for livestock. Urea ingestion may be harmful to wildlife, livestock and birds at body burdens of several thousands of mg/kg if ingested without adeqate mixing. Clean up all spilled material, especially where bulk fertilizer loading of equipment occurs to prevent animal overexposure. If used for the manufacture of feeds, mix thoroughly by making a preblend with one of the ingredients, then adding and mixing the preblend with all other ingredients. Equivalent protein from Urea should not exceed one-third of the protein in the mixture.

Our data base contains no additional remark on the toxicity of this product

OTHER EFFECTS ON HUMANS SPECIAL REMARKS ON CHRONIC EFFECTS ON HUMANS SPECIAL REMARKS ON OTHER EFFECTS ON HUMANS

No effects.

May cause irritation of the mucous membranes and upper respiratory tract.

Section XII. Ecological Information

ECOTOXICITY

Will slowly release ammonia and degrade to nitrate. Ammonia is a toxic hazard to fish.

However, ammonia release is slow making urea much less toxic than ammonium salts.

Aquatic toxicity tests indicate 24 Hr exposure at 16,000 mg/L of urea did not kill Creek Chubs. Urea is added in small quantities as a feed suppliment for cattle. Urea ingestion may be harmful to mammals and birds at body burdens of several thousands of mg/kg. Ensure that livestock and wildlife do not ingest urea unless adequately mixed with feed rations. Non persistent. Non-cumulative when applied using normal agricultural practises. The product itself and its products of degradation are not harmful under normal conditions of careful and responsible use. U.S. D.O.T.: This material is NOT listed as a Marine pollutant.

BOD and COD

Not available.

PRODUCTS OF DEGRADATION TOXICITY OF THE PRODUCTS OF DEGRADATION SPECIAL REMARKS ON THE PRODUCTS OF DEGRADATION

Ammonia, carbon dioxide and water.

The product itself and its products of degradation are not harmful under normal conditions of use. Avoid spills or releases to watercourses.

Urea will promote algae growth which may degrade water quality and taste. Notify downstream water users. Will dissolve and disperse in water. Reclaiming material may not be viable.

Section XIII. Disposal Considerations

WASTE DISPOSAL OR RECYCLING

Recover and place material in a suitable container for intended use or disposal. Ensure disposal complies with government requirements and local regulations.

Section XIV. Transport Information

DOT / TDG CLASSIFICATION

Not controlled under DOT (US) or TDG (Canada).

PIN and Shipping Name

Not applicable.

SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR TRANSPORT DOT (U.S.A) (Pictograms)

Not applicable.

Continued on Next Page

Urea, Granular 46-0-0 Page Number: 6 Section XV. Other Regulatory Information and Pictograms

OTHER REGULATIONS

CANADIAN ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ACT (CEPA): This product and all its components are on the Domestic Substances List (DSL) and acceptable for use under the provisions of CEPA.

EINECS: This product is on the European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances.

CERCLA/SUPERFUND, 40 CFR 117,302: This product contains no Reportable Quantity (RQ) Substances.

This product is not considered as a priority pollutant as regulated under the Clean Water Act.

TSCA (Toxic Substance Control Act): This product and all its components are listed on the TSCA Inventory.

CALIFORNIA PROPOSITION 65: This product contains no chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm.

This product has been classified in accordance with the hazard criteria of the Controlled Products Regulations and is not subject to control under WHMIS (Canada), or the Hazcom Standard (US).

OTHER CLASSIFICATIONS HCS (U.S.A.) DSCL (EEC)

Not controlled under the HCS (United States). Exempt under 1910.1200(b)(6)(x).

Not controlled under DSCL (Europe).

National Fire Protection Association (U.S.A.)

Hazards presented under acute emergency conditions only:

Health

0 0 0

Fire Hazard Reactivity Specific Hazard TDG (Pictograms Canada) DSCL (Europe) (Pictograms) ADR (Europe) (Pictograms)

Section XVI. Other Information

REFERENCES

-Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act and Clear Language Regulations, current revision.

-Canada Gazette Part II, Vol. 122, No. 2 Registration SOR/88-64 31 December, 1987 Hazardous Products Act "Ingredient Disclosure List".

-Domestic Substances List, Canadian Environmental Protection Act.

-29 CFR Part 1910 -33 CFR Parts 151, 153, 154, 156 -40 CFR Parts 1-799 -46 CFR Part 153 -49 CFR Parts 1-199 -American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances, 2009.

-NFPA 704, National Fire Codes Online, National Fire Protection Association, current edition at time of MSDS preparation.

-Corrosion Data Survey, Sixth Edition, 1985, National Association of Corrosion Engineers -CHRIS Hazardous Chemical Data: U.S. Coast Guard, Washington, D.C.;

Continued on Next Page

Urea, Granular 46-0-0 Page Number: 7

-HSDB:Hazardous Substances Data Bank. National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland; -IRIS: Integrated Risk Information System. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C.; -NIOSH: Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, Ohio; -OHM/TADS: Oil and Hazardous Materials Technical Assistance Data System. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C.; -RTECS®: Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, Ohio; -The Fertilizer Institute Product Testing Program Results, March 2003 -Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics. 5th ed. Ames, Iowa: Iowa State University Press, 1982.

24 Hr Medical Emergency Contact Number changed.

OTHER SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR FURTHER SAFETY, HEALTH, OR ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION ON THIS PRODUCT, CONTACT AGRIUM Wholesale Environment, Health and Safety Telephone (780) 998-6906 or Fax (780) 998-6677 NOTICE TO READER

The buyer assumes all risk in connection with the use of this material. The buyer assumes all responsibility for ensuring this material is used in a safe manner in compliance with applicable environmental, health and safety laws, policies and guidelines. Agrium assumes no responsibility or liability for the information supplied on this sheet, including any damages or injury caused thereby. Agrium does not warrant the fitness of this material for any particular use and assumes no responsibility for injury or damage caused directly or indirectly by or related to the use of the material. The information contained in this sheet is developed from what Agrium believes to be accurate and reliable sources, and is based on the opinions and facts available on the date of preparation.

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