Temperature Regulators
Temperature Regulators
Temperature regulation to maximize
steam system efficiency
Self acting regulators, the simplest and most
The rising cost of fuels heightens the need to
control the production and use of heat more
closely and effectively. To provide the right
temperature for a process, to optimize energy
usage, to provide comfort conditions, and for
safety, automatic temperature control is
necessary.
Spirax Sarco offers a complete line of
Temperature Regulators. These regulators give
stable, modulating control within close tolerances.
Properly applied, Spirax Sarco temperature
regulators provides the most reliable and precise
control available today.
Pilot Operated Temperature
Regulators
The Spirax Sarco range of Pilot Operated
Temperature Regulators have been
developed for close control of process
temperature applications where steam is the
chosen energy fluid. An important feature in
the Spirax Sarco pilot operated range of
temperature regulators is the ability to
interchange or combine two or more pilots on
the same regulator body. This unique feature
permits, for example, remote on/off control
together with temperature control. These
variations are available factory fitted but can
easily be added on site.
Combination of
pilots allow for
different types
of control in
one regulator.
User benefits
● External power source is not required;
therefore, reducing installation costs.*
Accurate control
of temperature
with choice of
seven pilot ranges.
● Improved process efficiency and
product quality through accurate
control of temperature.
● Reduced capital investment with
temperature regulator combinations.
● Reduced stocking cost of spares
due to interchangeable spare parts.
● Spirax Sarco’s guarantee of technical
support, knowledge and service.
* Except for “E” version.
Wide range of screwed
and flanged connections
to match plant standards.
Patented self scrubbing
guide for long,
trouble-free service.
Body materials
available in cast iron
and steel to meet all
plant requirements.
Fatigue tested
diaphragm designed
without a piston prevents
danger of sticking.
2
t reliable solution for controlling temperature
Direct Operated Temperature Regulators
The Spirax Sarco Direct Operated Temperature Regulators are for
use on steam and liquid applications. The regulators give stable,
modulating control within close tolerances. On storage and constant
load applications they will control at set value. On variable load
applications they will normally operate within
a very narrow temperature band.
Advanced manufacturing technology has
Screwdriver adjustment
been
used to produce a range of highly
for ease of setting
temperature.
durable and reliable temperature regulators to
meet the needs of general industr y
applications.
Clear display scale can
rotate easily to read
whichever way the
controller is mounted.
Body material
available in
bronze, cast iron
and steel for
heating and
cooling.
Six sensor types
controlling temperatures
from 0°F to 340°F
Packless valve
stem seals
eliminate
steam or
water leakage.
User benefits
● Low capital and installation cost —one trade
installation.
● Accurate and reliable for years of trouble
free service.
● Virtually maintenance free.
Plastic coated copper
capillaries with standard
length of 13 feet.
● Intrinsically safe operation.
● Simple to commission.
● Free from electrical or pneumatic
breakdown.
● No expensive safety checks.
3
Self acting regulators
25T and 25TE
25 PT and 25 PTE
The Spirax Sarco 25-Series are a versatile
family of self acting temperature regulators
with control pilots and interchangeable main
valves for most steam applications. Options
include temperature control (25T), combined
temperature control with electrical on/off override (25TE). Designed with the user in mind,
the 25-Series offers versatility and simplicity.
Seven pre-calibrated temperature ranges are
interchangeable throughout the range. The
25-Series is available in sizes 1/2" to 6" with
screwed and flanged connections. A typical
application includes hot water storage where
constant water temperatures must be maintained while providing protection against
excess temperature.
The ability to combine multiple
pilots for dual control purposes provides a cost competitive solution.
Options include combined pressure
and temperature control (25PT) and
pressure, temperature control with
electrical on/off override (25PTE)
25PT Model
Shown
25T Model Shown
Pilot Temperature Regulator
Separator
Typical
temperature
control station
using a pilot
operated
regulator
Isolation Valve (globe type)
Float & Thermostatic Trap
Strainer
Isolation Valve
(ball type)
Strainer
Spira-tec Trap Monitoring Chamber
Typical temperature control station component overview
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Description
Isolation valves (globe type)
Separator (target type)
Strainer
Temperature Regulator
Spira-tec Trap Monitoring Chamber
Float & Thermostatic Trap
Isolation valves (ball type)
Model
A3S, BSA3
Model S1, S2, S3, S4A
Model IT, CT, Fig. 34
See tables above
Model ST17SG
Model FTI
Model 10, 20
Size
/2"-8"
1
/2"-8"
1
/2"-8"
1
/2"-6"
1
/2"-1"
1
/2", 3/4"
1
/2"-6"
1
Connection
Screwed & Flanged
Screwed & Flanged
Screwed & Flanged
Screwed & Flanged
Screwed
Screwed
Screwed & Flanged
Pilot operated temperature
regulator Cv values
Type
25T Series
Size 1/2" 3/4" 1" 11/4" 11/2"
Cv 3.48 6.5 10.5 14 20
Size 2" 21/2" 3"
4"
6"
Cv
35 56 74 115 260
Sensor overview table
Sensor Type
T1
T2
T3
T4
T5
T6
T7
Valve Type
25 Series, MT Series
25 Series, MT Series
25 Series, MT Series
25 Series, MT Series
25 Series, MT Series
25 Series, MT Series
25 Series, MT Series
Temperature Range
30-320°F in 60°F steps
30-320°F in 60°F steps
30-320°F in 60°F steps
30-320°F in 60°F steps
30-320°F in 60°F steps
30-320°F in 60°F steps
30-320°F in 60°F steps
T8
25 Series, MT Series
30-320°F in 60°F steps
T9
25 Series, MT Series
30-320°F in 60°F steps
T10
T11
25 Series, MT Series
25 Series, MT Series
30-320°F in 60°F steps
30-320°F in 60°F steps
T12
25 Series, MT Series
30-320°F in 60°F steps
HL10
B, K, N & S Series
32°F to 212°F
121, 122
& 123
B, K, N & S Series
5°F to 320°F in
60°F or 120°F steps
4
Materials
Plain copper
Copper with 3/4" NPT union
Copper teflon coated
Copper with flanged connection
Copper with brass well
Copper with stainless steel well
T1 termostat bulb with Brass
18" extension well
T1 thermostat bulb with stainless
steel, 18"extension well
T1 thermostat blub with wall
mounting bracket
Bulb in stainless steel
Bulb in stainless steel with union
connection 3/4" NPT
Blub in plain copper with union
connection at 90° offset
Brass. Optional wells in
brass, steel or stainless steel
Brass. Optional wells in
brass, steel or stainless steel
Capillary Length
8 ft. and 15 ft.
8 ft. and 15 ft.
8 ft. teflon coat
8 ft. and 15 ft.
8 ft. and 15 ft.
8 ft. and 15 ft.
8 ft. and 15 ft.
TIS#
1.1123
1.1123
1.1123
1.1123
1.1123
1.1123
1.1123
8 ft. and 15 ft.
1.1123
8 ft. and 15 ft.
1.1123
8 ft. stainless steel
8 ft. stainless steel
1.1123
1.1123
8 ft. brass armored
1.1123
6.5 ft.
1.1000
13 ft.
1.900
– A range of solutions
Pilot and direct operated temperature regulator overview
Connections
Body Material
Product Type
25T, 25PT
25TE*
25MT
NPT
1
/2"-2"
ANSI
125
21/2"-6"
ANSI
150
21/2"-6"
ANSI
300
2"-6"
Cast
Iron
Yes
/2"
—
—
—
Yes
T44
BX
BXRA
SB/SBRA
KA/KB/KC
KX/KY
TW
KA43/KB43/KC43
BM/BMRA
1
/2"-1"
1
/2"
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
/2"-1"
1"-2"
1"-2"
3
/4"-11/2"
1"-2"
1
/2"
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Yes
Yes
—
—
—
—
—
—
1
1
Max. Operating
Conditions
Cast Stainless Yellow
TIS
Steel
Steel
Metal
°F
psig
#
Yes
—
—
CI = 0-450
250
1.1116(1)
CS = 0-600
300
3.018
Yes
—
—
CI = 0-450
250
1.1125
CS = 0-600
300
—
—
Yes
250
125
1.1113
—
—
Yes
BX = 0-450
250
1.800
BXRA = 0-425
150
—
—
Yes
Consult TIS
1.801
—
—
Yes
Consult TIS
1.803
—
—
Ye
Consult TIS
1.804
—
—
Yes
392
50
1.809
Yes
—
—
Consult TIS
1.808
BM=250
Yes
—
—
0-450
1.807
BMRA=150
*Maximum operating condition for PT is limited to 450°F, TE is limited to 392°F.
B, K, N and S Valve Range
with 100 Series Controllers
These simple, versatile direct operating
temperature regulators are designed for
customers where reliability and ease of
use are important. These regulators give
stable, modulating control within close
tolerances. Because the Spirax Sarco
controllers operate through liquid expansion within friction free bellows, they
have a long maintenance free life with
repeatable performance. “Set and forget” is the normal method of using these
regulators. Even where temperature settings must vary, operators find them
quick andsimple to operate. The uncomplicated construction and small number
ofcomponents makes this range easy to
understand so installation is straight forward. The complete range for heating or
cooling is available in bronze, cast iron
or steel construction with threaded or
flanged connections.
25MT
The 25MT direct
operated temperature regulator is
designed for accurate control of very
light loads. The 25MT is available in
the 1/2" size with screwed connections,
and cast iron or steel body construction.
This durable, compact regulator
offers a competitive solution to
uncomplicated steam applications.
SB Valve with
121 Controller
Shown
HL10-130 High Limit Cut Out
The HL10-130 regulator is a self-acting safeguard against overheating.
Even the best temperature controls can fail often through no fault of their
own. Whatever the cause, the effect of failure can be serious and may
lead to injury or even loss of life. The Spirax Sarco HL10-130 automatically shuts off heat at its source in the event of a temperature overrun.
The type 130 control system is the sensing device and features self-acting operation and fail safe even if capillary is damaged. The HL10 snaps
the isolation valve shut if the preset high limit temperature is exceeded.
The HL10 features manual reset, visual red indicator and micro switch
facility for remote audio/visual indicator.
Direct operated temperature regulator Cv values
Type
BX/BXRA
SB/SBRA
BM
Size
1/2"
1/2" 3/4" 1"
1/2"
1/2"
3/4"
1"
1-1/4"
1-1/2"
2"
3/4"
1"
1-1/2"
1/2"
Cv
1.92
3
1.92
3.36
5.4
11.4
19.2
27.6
39.6
5.4
10.5
24
3
4.5
7.9
All K Series
TW
T44
25MT
3/4"
1"
7
1/2"
.49
5
Typical applications
for self acting temperature regulators
Bulk water storage
One popular application for self acting pilot regulators is bulk
water storage when used for process vessel cleaning or
hospital showers and baths. This application requires a
constant hot water temperature while providing protection
against excessive temperatures. The Spirax Sarco 25T
combined with an HL10-130 provides these functions.
Controlling a batch process vessel
In this example, a combination of pressure limiting,
temperature control, and on/off switching is used in a
25PTE Series valve. This displays the versatility of
self acting pilot regulators in fixing the maximum
steam pressure and temperature limit to avoid
excessive vessel wall temperatures, then controlling
temperature within this limit for heat up and run
conditions. The on/off solenoid is used to begin and
end the heat cycle, plus shut down the steam on
safety alarms.
Boiler feed tanks
An essential part of boiler feed
water conditioning is the need to
drive out dissolved oxygen through
heating to a temperature in excess
of 180°F. The direct operated
temperature
regulator
cost
effective, “set and forget”
characteristics are ideal for this.
Within the application shown, the
temperature regulator is combined
with the Spirax Sarco injector for
silent and efficient steam
penetration into the vessel.
Air compressor cooling
Air compressors call for modulating temperature control
valves which will start up in the closed state and provide
a minimum bleed through the jacketed air receiver for
sensing purposes. As the water temperature increases,
the control valve will open to allow cold water into
the jacketed air receiver.
6
How self acting temperature regulators work
Heating
Flow
Pilot
Bellows
Control Spring
Cooling
Movement caused by
temperature change
at sensor
Orifice
Pilot Valve
Head & Seat
Plug
Plug
Bulb
Thrust Pin
Flow
Thrust
Pin
Temperature Sensor
Main Valve
Head & Seat
Spring loaded piston
mechanism for temperature
adjustment and overload
Control
Pressure
Main Valve
Diaphragm
How direct operated temperature
regulators work
How the 25T pilot regulator works
The Spirax Sarco pilot operated temperature regulator
works by converting the process temperature to a force
which is balanced by the control spring. This modulates a
small valve head over a seat (the pilot). The flow through
this seat is directed in turn to the main valve diaphragm,
where it modulates the main valve.
In order to achieve the most stable operating
condition, the sensing bulb must be immersed entirely in
the sensed medium. This allows the liquid in the bulb to
expand through the capillary tubing into the bellows and
throttles the pilot valve. This settles the pilot valve,
allowing constant flow across the main diaphragm.
When process temperature rises, the pilot valve
closes, and pressure is released from the main valve
diaphragm through the control orifice to close the main
valve. Any variations in temperature will immediately be
sensed on the bulb, which will act to adjust the position of
the pilot and main valve, ensuring a constant process
temperature.
How to order
When ordering a Spirax Sarco 25T temperature
regulator, include all of the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Valve size by nominal pipe/flange size
Body material of cast iron or cast steel
Type of sensor - 25T for thermostatic regulation
Style of thermostatic bulb
Length of capillary tubing
Temperature adjustment range
Maximum steam supply pressure. Specify low
pressure pilot when inlet pressure for flanged
sizes is 15 psig or below.
• Intended application
A change in temperature at the sensor will cause the
liquid filling to expand or contract. If the liquid expands it
will apply a force on the thrust pin which, in turn, will cause
the valve plug to move. As the liquid contracts, the force
on the valve plug reduces and a spring reverses its
direction of travel.
For heating applications, the valves will normally be
open and will close against a rise in temperature.
For cooling applications, the valves will normally be
closed and will open against a rise in temperature.
How to order
When ordering a Spirax Sarco 121 temperature
regulator, include all of the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Valve size by nominal pipe/flange size
Body material of cast iron or cast steel
Type of sensor - 121 for thermostatic regulation
Style of thermostatic bulb or union nut
Length of capillary tubing
Temperature adjustment range
Maximum steam supply pressure
Intended application
For example: Spirax Sarco 1" Cast Iron Screwed
Regulator with 121 Regulator having temperature set
value of 180°F, 13 ft. capillary, and bulb with 3/4" NPT
union nut.
For example: Spirax Sarco 1" Cast Iron Temperature
Regulator, Type 25T-2 with 8 feet of tubing, temperature
range of 120° to 180°F, 75 psig steam, for storage water
heater.
7
NE
MW
W
MA
SW
SE
For more information on Spirax Sarco, contact your
Regional Hub Office below, or call 1-800-883-4411
and you will be connected to the location nearest you.
REGIONAL HUB OFFICES
NORTHEAST
MID-ATLANTIC
SOUTHWEST
Spirax Sarco, Inc.
New England Hub Office
209 W. Central Street
Suite 228
Natick, MA 01760
Phone: (508) 651-3200
Fax: (508) 655-9434
Spirax Sarco, Inc.
4647 Saucon Creek Road
Suite 102
Center Valley, PA 18034
Phone: (610) 807-3500
Fax: (610) 317-3279
Spirax Sarco, Inc.
203 Georgia Ave.
Deer Park, TX 77536
Phone: (281) 478-4002
Fax: (281) 478-4615
WEST
Spirax Sarco, Inc.
Columbus, Ohio Hub Office
7760 Olentangy River Road
Suite 120
Columbus, OH 43235
Phone: (614) 436-8055
Fax: (614) 436-8479
Spirax Sarco, Inc.
200 Centre Port Drive
Suite 170
Greensboro, NC 27409
Phone: (336) 605-0221
Fax: (336) 605-1719
MIDWEST
Spirax Sarco, Inc.
2806 Centre Circle Drive
Downers Grove, IL 60515
Phone: (630) 268-0330
Fax: (630) 268-0336
1150 Northpoint Blvd. • Blythewood, SC 29016
Phone: (803) 714-2000 • Fax: (803) 714-2200
www.spiraxsarco.com/us
Spirax Sarco, Inc.
1930 East Carson Street
Suite 102
Long Beach, CA 90810
Phone: (310) 549-9962
Fax: (310) 549-7909
Printed in USA 11/01 Copyright 2001 Spirax Sarco, Inc.
SOUTHEAST
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