Vermont Castings 1610CE Specifications

Vermont Castings 1610CE Specifications
Woodburning Stove
Model 1610CE
Homeowner’s Installation
Operating Manual
For use in Europe
Defiant cover
Safety Notice: If this appliance is not properly installed, operated and
maintained, a house fire may result.
To reduce the risk of fire, follow the installation instructions. Failure to
follow instructions may result in property damage, bodily injury or even
death. Contact local building officials about restrictions and installation
inspection requirements in your area.
Do Not Discard This Manual: Retain for Future Use
30003846 9/10 Rev. 8
Defiant® 1610CE Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Congratulations on your choice of a Vermont Castings Defiant stove. With this purchase you have made a commitment to make the hearth a place of warmth, beauty and comfort in your home. At MHSC, we share that joy and appreciation for the hearth. We assure you that your cast-iron Vermont Castings stove has been made with the utmost care
and will provide you with many years of service.
As you become acquainted with your new stove, you will find that its appearance is matched by its functionality, due to
cast iron’s unique ability to absorb and radiate heat.
Also, MHSC products are among the cleanest-burning wood stoves and fireplaces available today. As an owner of a
Vermont Castings stove, you make a strong statement for pollution-free energy. However, clean burning depends on
both the manufacturer and the operator. Please read this manual carefully to understand how to properly operate and
maintain your stove.
At MHSC, we are equally committed to your satisfaction as a customer. That is why we maintain an exclusive network
of the finest dealers in the industry. Our dealers are chosen for their expertise and dedication to customer service.
They are factory-trained and knowledgeable about every MHSC product. Feel free to contact your Authorized Vermont
Castings Dealer anytime you have a particular question about your stove or its performance.
This manual contains valuable instructions on the installation and operation of your Vermont Castings Defiant. It also
contains useful information on maintenance. Please read the manual thoroughly and keep it as a reference.
All of Us at MHSC
This manual describes the installation, operation, and maintenance of the Vermont Castings Defiant Model 1610CE
non-catalytic wood burning heater. This heater meets the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s emission limits for
wood heaters sold on or after July 1, 1990. Under specific test conditions this heater has been shown to deliver heat
at rates up to 14.5 kW (49,500 BTU/hr).
The Defiant Model #1610CE has been tested to current standards. The test standards are UL-1482 and UL-737 for
the United States, and EN13240:2001 + A2:2004 for Europe. The Defiant is listed for burning wood only. Do not burn
other fuels. The Defiant is not approved for use in manufactured (mobile) homes.
We recommend that you hire a professional installer to install your stove, or to advise you on the installation should
you attempt to install it yourself.
Please read this entire manual before you install and use your new stove. Failure to follow instructions may result in
property damage, bodily injury, or even death.
Save These Instructions for Future Reference
Defiant® 1610CE Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
The Story of the Defiant
No wood-burning appliance, save for Ben Franklin’s Pennsylvania Fireplace, has a stronger heritage than the Vermont Castings Defiant. Named for a 19th-century steamship, the original Vermont Castings Defiant Wood Stove came
to epitomize America’s resolve and independence during the Energy Crisis of the 1970s.
The year was 1975. With energy prices going through the roof, without an attractive or efficient wood stove to be
found anywhere, two entrepreneurs set out to create a stove that was both beautiful and highly functional. Finely
crafted from cast iron, the Defiant was the first wood stove to combine an artistically designed exterior with a methodically engineered interior, using new technologies for efficient combustion.
Americans purchased over a quarter-million Defiants, as they rediscovered the common sense of heating with wood,
a home-grown fuel with none of the political and economic entanglements of foreign oil.
Thirteen years later, in 1988, Vermont Castings ‘retired’ the Defiant, replacing it with modern wood-burners such as
the Encore.
With its 1998 return, a new Defiant incorporated all the finest aesthetic, convenience, and performance features to be
found on any wood stove. After continued development, this Defiant model 1610CE non-catalytic model continues the
tradition of the original Defiant while incorporating the very latest combustion technology. In a sense, the new Defiant
has been 23 years in the making.
Due to its significant role in American history, the original model Defiant is in the permanent collection of the Smithsonian Institution. Each new purchase of the Defiant stove continues that history.
Table of Contents
Specifications.................................................. 4
Installation....................................................... 5
Assembly....................................................... 12
Operation....................................................... 14
Draft Management......................................... 19
Maintenance.................................................. 21
Replacement Parts........................................ 25
Warranty........................................................ 28
Installation Accessories
Warming Shelf
#0210 Classic Black
#0211 Biscuit
#0212 Midnight Blue
#0213 Ebony
#0214 Bordeaux
#0215 Chestnut Brown
#0216 Vt. Classic Green
#0217 Brown Majolica
#3265 Outside Air Kit
#1860 6” x 12” Oval Starter Pipe
#2767 Fan Kit
#0178 Flue Collar Heat Shield
#0168 Connector Pipe Heat Shield
A line of porcelain enamel stove pipe is available
in Biscuit, Bordeaux, Chestnut Brown, Ebony,
Midnight Blue, Vt.Classic Green colors.
Defiant® 1610CE Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Defiant, Model 1610CE
Nominal heat output..............14.5 kW (49,500 BTU/hr)1
Mnimum flue draught........................12 Pa (0.048” WG)
Mean flue gas temp............................... 419° C (786° F)
Efficiency (space heating)....................................72.3%
Area heated..............................223 sq m (2,400 sq. ft.)1
Fuel size/type..................................610 mm (24”) wood
Flue mass gas flow . ......................................... 10.8 g/s
CO emissions (@13% O2).............................. 1600 ppm
Loading......................................................Front and top
Chimney Connector:
for 8” flue collar..................... 203 mm (8”) diameter
Chimney Flue Size:
with 8” Chimney Connector...203 mm (8”) minimum
with 6” Chimney Connector...152 mm (6”) minimum
Flue exit position......................................... Top or Rear
Primary Air................................................Manual contol
Secondary Air................................Fixed, self-regulating
Ash handling system...................... Removable ash pan
Glass panels......................... High-temperature ceramic
Weight.................................................. 222 kg (490 lbs)
Width (leg to leg)................................... 822 mm (32C\,”)
Depth (leg to leg)...................................... 483 mm (19”)
Height to top of flue collar...................... 759 mm (29M\,”)
1. This value can vary depending on how the stove
is operated, the type and moisture content of the fuel
used, as well as the design, construction and climatic
location of your home. Figures shown are based on
nominal fuel consumption obtained under laboratory
conditions and on average efficiencies.
Drawing Not to Scale
603 mm
457 mm
Rear Venting
600 mm (236")
733 mm
733 mm
759 mm
660 mm
483 mm (19")
800 mm (3156O")
130 mm (556")
822 mm (326")
483 mm (19")
Fig. 1 Defiant NC dimensions.
Defiant NC EU
Defiant® 1610CE Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Before you begin an installation, be sure that:
• Your stove and chimney connector will be far
enough from combustible material to meet all clearance requirements.
• The floor protector is large enough and is constructed properly to meet all requirements.
• You have all necessary permits from local authorities.
Your local building official is the final authority for approving your installation as safe and determining that it
meets local and state codes.
The metal label permanently attached to the back of
every Vermont Castings’ stove indicates the stove has
been tested to current standards. The test standard
is EN13240:2001 + A2:2004 for Europe. Clearance
and installation information also is printed on the label.
When the stove is installed according to the information
both on the label and in this manual, local authorities
usually will accept the label as evidence that the installation meets codes and can be approved.
However, codes vary in different countries. Before
starting the installation, review your plans with the local
building authority. Your local dealer can provide any additional information needed.
Important: Failure to follow these installation
instructions may result in a dangerous situation, including a chimney or house fire. Follow all instructions exactly, and do not allow makeshift compromises to endanger property and personal safety.
all local regulations, including those referring to national
and European standards need to be complied with when
installing this stove.
Outside Air
In some modern, super-insulated homes, there may be
inadequate air supply for combustion because of insufficient air infiltration into the building. Such air enters a
home through unsealed cracks and openings. Exhaust
fans in kitchens or bathrooms can compete with the
stove for available air and compound the problem.
When poor draft is caused by a low infiltration rate,
opening a ground floor window on the windward side of
the house and near the stove will usually alleviate the
For appliances with power outputs above 5 kW a
permanently open air vent is required by Section 2 of
Document J. Air inlet grilles should be positioned so
that they will not be blocked. Refer to local and national
codes for recommended configurations.
Pressure variations within the house do not affect a
stove equipped with an outside air supply, and improved stove performance often results. An Outside Air
Kit for the Defiant is available from your local dealer.
Chimney Height
Altitude affects chimney performance. When using a
203 mm (8”) oval to 152 mm (6”) flue collar adapter on
the Defiant, refer to Figure 1 for suggested chimney
heights at various altitudes. Chimney height should be
measured from the flue collar to the top of the chimney.
The recommended minimum chimney height is 4.8 m
Fig. 2 Chimney height requirements with 152 mm (6”) chimney and/or chimney connector.
chimney height
11/2/00 djt
Defiant® 1610CE Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
What Kind of Chimney to Use
You must connect the Defiant to a code-approved
masonry chimney with a flue liner, to a relined masonry
chimney that meets local codes, or to a prefabricated
metal chimney. Figure 3 illustrates the two types. The
chimney and chimney connector must be in good condition and kept clean.
If you use an existing masonry chimney, it must be
inspected to ensure it is in a safe condition before
the stove is installed. Your local professional chimney
sweep, building inspector, or fire department official
will be able to inspect the chimney or provide a referral to someone who can. See “Chimney and Fireplace
hazards”, in the appendix, for particulars.
The flue and chimney design must meet requirement
J2, Part J of the building regulations 2000 (Combustion
Appliances and Fuel Storage Systems).
A prefabricated doublewall insulated chimney
chimney’s clean-out door must seal tightly. A loose or
leaky clean-out door can weaken chimney draft, causing performance problems.
Prefabricated Chimneys
These should be an internal diameter of 150 mm (6”)
and be of the twin wall insulated construction that has
been approved for solid fuel use (e.g. Rite Vent ICS of
ICID Lite Chimney Systems). Diameters over 200 mm
(8”) are not recommended due to the large cross-section causing excessive cooling of the flue gases.
Chimney Size
A Defiant with an 203 mm (8”) flue collar is approved
for venting into a masonry chimney with a nominal flue
size of 203 x 203 mm (8” x 8”) or 203 x 305 mm (8” x
12”), and into a round flue with nominal flue size of 203
mm (8”). A Defiant with a 152 mm (6”) flue connector
is approved for venting into a masonry chimney with a
nominal flue size of 203 x 203 mm (8” x 8”), and into a
round flue with nominal flue of 152 mm (6”).
NOTE: When installed with a 152 mm (6”) flue collar, the Defiant may not be operated with the front
doors open.
A tile-lined
Fig. 3 Approved chimney types.
Masonry Chimneys
An inspection of the chimney
must confirm that it has
types chimney. The chimney
a lining. Do not use
an unlined
12/13/99 djt
should have no cracks, loose mortar, other signs of
deterioration, and blockage. Repair any defects before
the chimney is used with your stove.
Unused openings in an existing masonry chimney must
be sealed with masonry to the thickness of the chimney
wall, and the chimney liner should be repaired. Openings sealed with pie plates or wallpaper are a hazard
and should be sealed with mortar or refractory cement.
In the event of a chimney fire, flames and smoke may
be forced out of these unused thimbles.
The chimney should be thoroughly cleaned before use.
A newly-built masonry chimney must conform to the
standards of your local building code or, in the absence
of a local code, to a recognized national code. Masonry
chimneys must be lined, either with code-approved
masonry or pre-cast refractory tiles, stainless steel
pipe, or a code-approved, “poured-in-place” liner. The
Whatever the flue collar size, a Defiant may be vented
into larger chimneys as well. However, chimneys
with liners larger than 203 x 305 mm (8” x 12”) may
experience rapid cooling of smoke and reduction in
draft, especially if the chimneys are located outside the
home. These large chimneys may need to be insulated
or have their flues relined for proper stove performance.
Accessories to help make the connection between
stainless steel chimney liners and your Defiant are
available through your local dealer.
Chimney Connector Guidelines
A chimney connector is the single-wall pipe that connects the stove to the chimney. The chimney itself is the
masonry or prefabricated structure that encloses the
flue. Chimney connectors are used only to connect the
stove to the chimney.
Connecting Flue Pipes
Connector pipes should meet the requirements of the
building regulations. This can be achieved by the use
connecting fluepipes included in the following categories:
a)Vitreous enamelled steel pipe complying with BS
6999: 1989 (1996);
b)Pipes made from stainless steel as descirbed in BS
EN 1008-1:1995 grades 1.4401, 1.4404, 1.4432 or
1.4436 with flue wall thickness of at least 1 mm;
Defiant® 1610CE Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
c)Mild steel fluepipes complying with BS 1449: Part 1:
1991, with a flue wall thickness of at least 3 mm;
d)Cast iron fluepipes complying with BS 41: 1973
Flue Pipes with a spigot and socket joint should be
fitted with the socket facing upwards, to contain condensates and moisture within the flue. Joints should be
made gas tight using proprietary jointing accessories,
or, where appropriate, by packing joint with noncombustible rope and fire cement.
Single-wall connectors should be made of 24 gauge
or heavier steel. Do not use galvanized connector; it
cannot withstand the high temperatures that can be
reached by smoke and exhaust gases, and may release
toxic fumes under high heat. The connector may be
152 mm (6”) or 203 mm (8”) in diameter.
If possible, do not pass the chimney connector through
a combustible wall or ceiling. If passage through a combustible wall is unavoidable, refer to the section on Wall
Pass-Throughs. Do not pass the connector through an
attic, a closet or similar concealed space. The whole
connector should be exposed and accessible for inspection and cleaning.
In horizontal runs of un shielded chimney connector,
maintain a distance of 762 mm (30”) from the ceiling.
Keep it as short and direct as possible, with no more
than two 90° turns. Slope horizontal runs of connector
upward 6mm per meter (1/4” per foot) going from the
stove toward the chimney. The recommended maximum
length of a horizontal run is 914 mm (36”), and the total
length should be no longer than 2.4 m (8’). In cathedral
ceiling installations, extend the prefabricated chimney
downward to within 2.4 m (8’) of the stove. This will help
maintain a good draft by keeping the smoke warm, so
that it rises readily.
Wear gloves and protective eyewear when drilling, cutting or joining sections of chimney connector.
Single-wall Chimney Connectors
• Begin assembly at the flue collar of the stove. Insert
the first crimped
end into the stove’s
flue collar, and
keep each crimped
end pointing toward
the stove. (Fig. 4)
Using the holes
in the flue collar
as guides, drill 3
mm (1/8”) holes
in the bottom of
the first section of
chimney connector
and secure it to the
flue collar with three #10 x 1/2” sheet metal screws.
Lift off the griddle, and shield the stove’s surface
between the griddle opening and the front of the flue
collar to protect the finish when you drill the front
Fasten each joint between sections of chimney
connector, including telescoping joints, with at least
three (3) sheet metal screws. The pre-drilled holes in
the top of each section of chimney connector serve
as guides when you drill 3 mm (1/8”) holes in the
bottom of the next section.
Fasten the chimney connector to the chimney.
Instructions for various installations follow. Figure 6
illustrates the general layout of chimney connector
Be sure the installed stove and chimney connector
are correct distances from nearby combustible materials.
NOTE: Special slip pipes and thimble sleeves that form
telescoping joints between sections of chimney connector are available to simplify installations. They often
eliminate the need to cut individual connector sections.
Consult your local dealer about these special pieces.
Securing the Single-wall Connector to a
Prefabricated Chimney
Follow the installation instructions of the chimney manufacturer exactly as you install the chimney. The manufacturer of the chimney will supply the accessories to
support the chimney, either from the roof of the house,
at the ceiling of the room where the stove is installed, or
from an exterior wall.
Special adapters are available from your local dealer to
make the connection between the prefabricated chimney and the chimney connector. The top of such adapters attaches directly to the chimney or to the chimney’s
ceiling support package, while the bottom of the adapter
is screwed to the chimney connector.
These adapters are designed so the top end will fit outside the inner wall of the chimney, and the bottom end
will fit inside the first section of chimney connector.
Securing the Single-wall Connector to a
Masonry Chimney
Both freestanding masonry chimneys and fireplace
masonry chimneys may be used for your installation.
Freestanding Installations
Flue Gas
Fig. 4 Chimney connector.
Chimney connector
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If the chimney connector must pass through a combustible wall to reach the chimney, follow the recommendations in the Wall Pass-Through section that
follows. The opening through the chimney wall to the
flue (the “breech”) must be lined with either a ceramic or
metal cylinder, called the “thimble”, which is cemented
Defiant® 1610CE Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Flue Inner
Without a thimble, a suitable length of chimney connector can be extended through the breech to the inner
face of the flue liner, and cemented securely in place.
Additional pieces of connector are then attached with
sheet metal screws.
Fireplace Installations
Slip Pipe
Oval to
Round Adapter
The chimney connector may be connected to the
chimney above the fireplace opening or through the
Above the Fireplace
Flue Collar
The Defiant may be connected to a chimney above
a fireplace opening. (Fig. 7) In such installations, the
stove is positioned on the hearth in front of the fireplace
and the chimney connector rises from the stove top and
then angles ninety degrees back into the chimney. The
chimney liner should extend to the point at which the
chimney connector enters the chimney.
Fig. 5 An exploded view of the chimney connection in a freestanding masonry installation.
Check These
securely in place. Most chimney
breeches incorporate
thimbles, but the fit mustinstallation
be snug and the joint between
the thimble and the chimney
11/00 wall must be cemented
A special piece called the “thimble sleeve,” slightly
smaller in diameter than standard connectors and
most thimbles, will facilitate the removal of the chimney
connector system for inspection and cleaning. (Fig. 6)
Thimble sleeves are available from your local dealer.
To install a thimble sleeve, slide it into the breech until
it is flush with the inner flue wall. Do not extend it into
the actual flue passage, as this could interfere with the
This Off
Thimble Sleeve
Fig. 7 In this installation, the chimney connector attaches to
the chimney above the fireplace opening.
Chimney Connector
end flush
with flue
If the chimney connector in your installation enters the
chimney above a fireplace,
ST244 follow all the guidelines
mentioned above for Plymouth
freestanding installations. In addifplc over mantel
tion, give special consideration
to the following points:
• Check the clearance between the stove and the
Fig. 6 The thimble, made of either ceramic or metal, must be
cemented securely in place.
The thimble sleeve should protrude 25-51 mm (1-2”)
into the room. Use furnace cement and thin gasketing
to seal the sleeve in place in the thimble. Secure the
chimney connector
to the outer end of the sleeve with
thinble connection
sheet metal screws.
12/13/99 djt
chimney connector, and any combustible trim or the
Check the clearance between the chimney connector and the ceiling. The clearance should be at least
762 mm (30”) with unshielded connectors. Consult
the clearance charts for other installation options.
The fireplace damper must be sealed to prevent
room air from escaping up the flue. However, it
must be possible to re-open the damper to inspect
or clean the chimney.
Defiant® 1610CE Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Through the Fireplace
If your fireplace opening height is at least 737 mm (29"),
you may install a Defiant through the opening using a
“positive connection” kit, available from your local dealer. Positive connection kits ensure a tight fit between
the stove flue collar and the chimney flue. (Fig. 8)
Fireplace installations, whether connected to the flue
above or through the fireplace opening, have special
clearance requirements to adjacent trim and the mantel.
You’ll find the required safe clearances for Defiant fireplace installations on Page 12.
Your local dealer or your local building inspector can
provide details for other approved methods of passing
a chimney connector through a combustible wall in your
460 mm (18”) clearance between pipe and
sides/top/bottom of
Floor protection requirements also apply to fireplace
Fig. 9 An approved wall pass-through for Canada.
Mantel Shield
This appliance must be installed
on to hearth that
pass thru
meets the requirements wall
of Part
J of the Building Regu11/00
lations 2000 (Combustion Appliances and Fuel Storage
Systems). This can be achieved by ensuring that the
hearth is constructed and sized in accordance with the
guidelines included in section 2 of approved document
‘J’. The size and clearances of the hearth are as follows:
Fireplace Adapter Kit
“Positive Connection”
Fig. 8 Through the fireplace installation.
Wall Pass-Throughs
Whenever possible, design
ST245your installation so the connector does not pass through
fireplace a combustible wall. If you
connector in your installation,
are considering a wall flex
check with your building
inspector before you begin.
Also, check with the chimney connector manufacturer
for any specific requirements.
The constructed hearth should be constructed in accordance with the recommendations in document J,
and should be of minimum width 840 mm and minimum
depth 840 mm (if a free standing hearth b) above) or
a minimum projection of 150 mm from the jamb (if a
recessed hearth a) above).
Accessories are available for use as wall passthroughs. If using one of these, make sure it has been
tested and listed for use as a wall pass-through.
Figure 9 shows one method of passing a connector
through a wall. All combustible material in the wall is cut
away to provide the required 457 mm (18”) clearance
for the connector. The resulting space must remain
empty. A flush-mounted sheet metal cover may be used
on one side only. If covers must be used on both sides,
each cover must be mounted on noncombustible spacers at least 25 mm (1”) clear of the wall.
Defiant® 1610CE Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Costructional Hearth
Dimensions as below
At least 150 mm
or to a suitable
heat resistant wall
Hearth Surface
Free of Combustible Material
At least
150 mm
Perimeter should be
clearly marked e.g.
edge of superimposed
At least
300 mm
a) Fireplace recess
Perimeter should be
clearly marked e.g.
edge of superimposed
b) Free standing
Fig. 10 Noncombustible hearth surface dimensions.
Floor Protection for Fireplace Installation
Do not assume that your fireplace hearth is completely
noncombustible. Many fireplace hearths do not satisfy
the “completely noncombustible” requirement because
the brick or concrete in front of the fireplace opening
is supported by heavy wood framing. Because heat
passes readily through brick or concrete, it can easily
pass through to the wood. As a result, such fireplace
hearths can be a fire hazard and are considered a combustible floor.
For all fireplace installations, follow the floor protection
guidelines described above, including the need for bottom
and ash door heat shields. Keep in mind that many raised
hearths will extend less than the required clearance from
the front of the heater. In such cases, sufficient floor protection as described above must be added in front of the
hearth to satisfy the minimum floor protector requirement
from the front of the stove: 410 mm (16”). Hearth rugs do
not satisfy the requirement for floor protection as they are
not fire proof.
Fireplace installations also have special clearance
requirements to the side walls, side decorative trim and
fireplace mantel. Refer to the information on fireplace
and mantel trim shields in this section.
Keep the Stove a Safe Distance
From Surrounding Materials
Both a stove and its chimney connector radiate heat in
all directions when operating, and nearby combustible
materials can overheat dangerously if they are too close
to the heat source. A safe installation requires that adequate clearance be maintained between the hot stove
and its connector and nearby combustibles.
Clearance is the distance between either your stove or
chimney connector, and nearby walls, floors, the ceiling,
and any other fixed combustible surface. The Defiant
has specific clearance requirements that have been
established after careful research and testing. These
clearance requirements must be strictly observed.
In addition, keep furnishings and other combustible
materials away from the stove. In general, a distance
of 1219 mm (48”) must be maintained between the
stove and moveable combustible items such as drying
clothes, furniture, newspapers, firewood, etc. Keeping those clearance areas empty assures that nearby
surfaces and objects will not overheat.
As with any solid fuel heating stove, extremely high
surface temperatures can occur, particularly in the
event of uncontrolled operation, e.g. if the doors
are inadvertently left open. It is crucial that sufficient clearances are allowed to any combustible
surfaces, e.g. wooden mantels or lintels, and to
timber framed (studded) walls even if they are faced
with noncombustible board. Detailed information
on fireplace and hearth construction is provided
in section 2 of Document J, all installations must
comply with these requirements or with the relevant
National or local building standards.
Clearances to timber framed (studded) walls are included below. There are no specific minimum clearances to solid noncombustible surfaces (e.g. the sides and
rear of Inglenook fire openings constructed from solid
masonry) other than to allow safe access to the controls
of the stove. For this reason minimum side clearances
of 125 mm, and a minimum rear clearance of 50 mm
are recommended.
Defiant® 1610CE Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Summary of Clearances
Minimum recommended side clearances to noncombustible surfaces 125 mm (5”).
Minimum recommended rear clearance to noncombustible surfaces 50 mm (2”).
NOTE: The minimum thickness of solid noncombustible materials is specified in section 2 of Document ‘J’,
in relation to the clearance of the appliance from the
surface. As a general rule, the thickness of solid noncombustible material forming the recess of a fireplace is
a minimum of 200 mm.
Minimum rear clearance from combustible walls
(e.g. timber framed or studded walls) 890 mm (35”)
measured from the rear edge of the stove top. (Fig.
11, B)
Minimum side clearance from combustible walls
610 mm (24”) measured from the side edge of the
stove top. (Fig. 11, A)
Minimum distance from stove to movable combustible materials (e.g. furniture, drying clothes, etc.)
1220 mm (48”).
at least
Fig. 11 Minimum clearances.
Connecting Flue Pipe - Clearances
Single wall connecting
fluepipes can reach extremely
high temperatures; therefore,
from the conDefiantclearances
necting fluepipe (chimney
comply with
the requirements of Part J of Building Regulations 2000
(Combustion Appliances
and Fuel Storage Systems).
This can be achieved10/06
by following the recommendations of Approved Document ‘J’. These are as shown in
Figure 12.
at least 3 x D
at least
1.5 x D
3 lea
x st
at least
1.5 x D
at least
1.5 x D
at least
1.5 x D
at least 1.5
Plan Without
With Shield
Air space of at least 12 mm
between noncombustible shield
and combustible material
Plan With
Fig. 12 Connecting fluepipe clearances.
Defiant® 1610CE Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Storing the Handle
Set Up Your Stove
Cast iron stoves are heavy, and it will take two to four
people to move your Defiant into position.
Wipe the protective coating of oil from the griddle with a
clean dry rag or a paper towel.
Use the removable handle to open or close the doors.
After using it, remove the handle so it will not get hot.
Store the handle in the handle holder installed behind
the right front leg. (Fig. 19)
Install the handle on the griddle. Slip the bolt through a
washer, a nylon bushing, then through the handle and
the other bushing, then through the steel spacer and
into the griddle tab. (Fig. 17) Tighten securely.
Bottom Heat Shield
Door Handle Holder
Leg Bolt and Washer
Fig. 19 Handle holder and heat shield positions.
Install the Bottom Heat Shield
Fig. 17 Attach the griddle handle.
Stove Legs
The stove is shipped with
the legs
attached. In some
instances, the legs may
removed. Fol11/00
low these instructions to reattach the legs. Install the
stove legs (Fig. 21) using the hex head bolts from the
parts bag. Use 3/8” washers with all four legs; the door
handle holder installs on the right front leg. Position the
holder so the hole to accept the handle hub faces out
from the right side of the stove. Tighten the bolts firmly.
NOTE: The Bottom Heat Shield is required in most
handle holder
installations. Refer to Floor Protection, Page 10, for
further details.
1. Loosen the four 1/4-20 hex head bolts from the corners of the ash drop on the stove bottom.
2. Align the bottom heat shield holes with the four
bolts. The outside air cutout hole should be toward
the rear of the stove.
3. Pass all four bolts through the large end of the keyholes and then pulling the shield forward to engage
the smaller ends of the keyhole slots. (Fig. 22)
4. Attach the heat shield sides by passing the slots
over the bolt heads. Tighten the hex head bolts.
CAUTION: Overtightening can strip tapped threads.
NOTE: When moving the stove, lift the stove to take
weight off the legs whenever possible. Dragging or
sliding the stove, especially across rough surfaces can
cause the legs to loosen or even break.
Leg Bolt and
Bottom Heat Shield
Fig. 20 Attach the optional bottom heat shield.
Fig. 18 Attach the stove legs.
abottom heat shield
Defiant® 1610CE Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Install the Optional Ash Door Heat Shield
Many installations will require the use of the supplied
ash door heat shield. Refer to the “Floor Protection”
sections starting on Page 9 to determine if your installation requires the use of the ash door heat shield.
1. Remove the two Phillips pan head screws from the
ash door.
2. Insert the screws through the ash door heat shield
(from the painted side), place the 8 mm (5/16”)
spacers over the screws, and carefully thread them
back into the original holes. (Fig. 21) The curved lip
should be upward, under the ashlip of the stove.
Fig. 22 Attach the thermostat handle.
Fig. 23 Assemble the front door handle.
Fan Kit Installation
Fig. 21 Install the ashdoor heat shield.
3. Tighten securely.
Adjust theAttach
Leg Levellers
ash door
heat shield
Lift the stove slightly so there
is no weight on the leg
while making the adjustment.
Reverse the Flue Collar (If necessary)
Reverse the flue collar by removing the two screws that
attach it to the back of the stove. Be sure the gasket
around the flue collar opening is in position when you
screw the collar back onto the stove.
1. Attach the fan assembly at the bottom edge of the inner
back with two (2) 1/4-20 x 3/4” hex head screws.
2. Attach snapstat toAssembly
the mounting holes on the underside
of the bottom withhandle
two (2) 1/4-20 pan head screws.
3. Attach the rheostat
holder (provided with the stove)
under the right front wing of the bottom heat shield with
two (2) #10 sheet metal screws.
4. Attach the rheostat to its holder by inserting the rheostat control shaft through the holder hole. Install the
retaining ring and rheostat knob onto the shaft.
5. Secure the rheostat cable to the underside of the bottom heat shield using the wire tie provided and the hole
at the right rear edge of the heat shield.
6. Fan will not operate until stove reaches approximately
43° C (109° F).
Attach the Damper Handle
Use the 1/4” -20 x 3” screw to attach the damper handle
to the damper stub on the left side.
Attach the Primary Air Thermostat Handle
The primary air thermostat handle is the smaller of the
two black handles. Secure the handle to the stub on
the right side of the stove with an 8-32 x 2” slot head
machine screw. (Fig. 22)
Assemble the Removable Insert Handle
The ceramic removable insert handle opens and closes
the front doors. Remove after each use, and store it in
the handle holder behind the right front leg. Assemble
the handle by passing the 86 mm (3³⁄₈") screw through
the ceramic shaft and into the bright metal nub. (Fig. 23)
Hole for Wire
Tie to Secure
Fig. 24 Fan installation (Kit # 2767).
Defiant® 1610CE Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
The Defiant Controls
Air Control Positions
Two controls regulate the performance of the Defiant: a
primary air control supplies oxygen for the fire, and a
damper directs air flow within the stove to activate and
deactivate the catalytic combustor. (Fig. 25)
D$E% F& I) !
Low Heat
Symbols cast into the stove are reminders of the correct
directions for using the controls. The words ‘Left’ and
‘right’ in these directions are facing the stove.
Griddle Handle
Door Handle
Medium Heat
D$E% F& I) !
High Heat
D$E% F& I) !
Door Handle
Ash Door Handle
Fig. 25 The Defiant’s controls are conveniently located and
easy to operate.
A SingleST541
Air Control Regulates
Heat Output
Defiant and Burn Time
front view
The primary air control
lever, on the right side of the
stove, controls the controls
amount of incoming air for starting,
11/00 a fire.
maintaining, and reviving
Fig. 26 The handle also may be positioned anywhere between the two extremes for different heat levels.
system where it can be furtherST541
burned, before passing
up the chimney. (Fig. 27)
The damper should always be
either fully open or
fully closed. There are no intermediate
When closing the damper, be sure to pull firmly
enough to snap the handle into the locked position.
More air entering the stove makes the fire burn hotter
and faster, while less air prolongs the burn at a lower
heat output level. (Fig. 26)
Damper Positions
For the greatest air supply and maximum heat output
(but the shortest burn time), move the lever toward the
front of the stove. For a fire that will last longer with
less heat, move the lever toward the rear of the stove.
A Damper Directs Air Flow
Within the Stove
The damper handle on the left side of the stove operates the damper to direct air flow within the stove.
The damper is open when the handle points to the
rear, enabling smoke to pass directly into the chimney.
The damper must be open when starting or reviving a
fire, and whenever the griddle or doors are opened.
(Updraft Mode)
(Efficient Mode)
Fig. 27 The Defiant’s damper operating positions.
Two Ways to Add Fuel
The Defiant’s griddle lifts
for convenient top-loading of
logs, and is the easiestDamper
way to add fuel. (Fig. 28)
The damper is closed when the handle points forward.
Smoke travels through the non-catalytic combustion
Defiant® 1610CE Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Andirons Help Protect the Glass
Your stove has andirons to keep logs away from the
glass panels. The andirons are essential to maintain
clear fire viewing, and should be left permanently in
place. Since the andirons may slightly hinder refueling
through the front doors, most stove owners will prefer
the convenience of top loading through the griddle. Do
not place fuel between the andirons and the doors.
Fig. 28 Top loading is the best way to add fuel during regular
use. Front loading
is useful for kindling a fire.
In addition, however,
the front doors open as well for
loadinglog to a fire. The Defiant NC is
adding an occasional
not approved for operation in Europe with the front
doors open.
To open the front doors, insert the handle into the door
latch stub and turn it to the left and up. (Fig. 29)
To close them, always close the left door first. Turn the
handle in the right door to the left and up (to the open
position) and close it. Finally, push on the door as you
turn the handle to the right and down. The doors will
draw in slightly, and the handle should offer some resistance as you turn it to the closed position.
To reduce the risk of breaking the glass, avoid striking
the glass or slamming the doors.
When you are not using the door handle, store it in the
holder behind the right front leg of the stove. Be careful
to not drop the handle, since it is breakable.
Clockwise to
to Close
Burn Only High-Quality Wood
The Defiant is designed to burn natural wood only; do
not burn fuels other than that for which it was designed.
You’ll enjoy the best results when burning wood that
has been adequately air-dried. The wood should be
559-610 mm (22-24”) in length. Avoid burning “green”
wood that has not been properly seasoned. Do not
burn construction materials; they often contain
chemicals and metals that can damage the inside
surfaces of the stove and pollute the air. Do not burn
ocean driftwood; when it burns, the salt it contains will
attack the cast iron.
The best hardwood fuels include oak, maple, beech,
ash, and hickory that has been split, stacked, and airdried outside under cover for at least one year.
If hardwood is not available, you can burn softwoods
that include tamarack, yellow pine, white pine, Eastern red cedar, fir, and redwood. These should also be
properly dried.
Store wood under cover to keep it dry. The longer it is
stored, the better heating and fire-viewing performance
you will enjoy. Even for short-term storage, be sure to
keep wood a safe distance from the heater and keep
it out of the areas around the heater used for refueling
and ash removal.
A Surface Thermometer is a Valuable
Guide to Operation
An optional surface thermometer tells you when to adjust the air control, and when to refuel. (Fig. 30)
Fig. 29 To open the front doors, turn the handle clockwise.
This stove is designed to operate efficiently with
the fire doors (front doors and griddle) closed. The
firebox and ash doors should be kept closed at all
times except when refueling or removing ashes.
Infra-Red Reflective Glass Panels
for Clear Fire Viewing
The outer surfaces of the ceramic glass panels have
an infrared-reflective coating which
keeps the inner
surfaces warm. This design, along with a pre-heated
‘airwash,’ makes clear fire viewing
at most firing levels.
Fig. 30 Take temperature readings with a thermometer located in the middle of the griddle.
For example, when the thermometer registers at least
230° C (450° F) after start-up you know the stove is
hot enough and it may be time to close the damper.
Note that the stove will warm up much sooner than the
chimney, though; a warm chimney is the key to easy, effective stove operation. Please review the draft man15
Defiant® 1610CE Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
agement information on Page 26 to see how the size,
type, and location of your chimney will affect your stove
operation. When thermometer readings drop below
175° C (350° F) it is time to adjust the air control for a
higher burn rate or to reload the stove. A temperature
reading over 385° C (750° F) is a sign to cut back on
the air supply to slow the burn rate.
Use the following temperature ranges as a guide:
• Readings in the 175°-260° C (350°-500° F) range
indicate low to medium heat output.
• 260°-315° C (500°-600° F) readings indicate me•
dium heat output.
Readings of 315-385° C (600°-750° F) indicate high
heat output. Operating your Defiant continuously at
griddle temperatures of 385° C (750° F) or higher
may damage the cast iron or enamel finish.
Use the Air Control Settings
that Work Best for You
No single air control setting will fit every situation. Each
installation will differ depending on the quality of the
fuel, the amount of heat desired, and how long you wish
the fire to burn; outdoor air temperature and pressure
also affect draft.
The control setting also depends on your particular
installation’s “draft,” or the force that moves air from the
stove up through the chimney. Draft is affected by such
things as the length, type, and location of the chimney,
local geography, nearby obstructions, and other factors.
See Page 27 for details on how the installation affects
Too much draft may cause excessive temperatures in
the Defiant, and could even damage the stove. On the
other hand, too little draft can cause backpuffing into
the room and/or the “plugging” of the chimney.
How do you know if your draft is excessively high or
low? Symptoms of too much draft include an uncontrollable burn or a glowing-red stove part. Signs of weak
draft are smoke leaking into the room through the stove
or chimney connector joints or low heat output.
In some newer homes that are well-insulated and
weather-tight, poor draft may result from an insufficient
air supply in the house. In such instances, an open
window near the stove on the windward side of the
house can provide the combustion air supply needed.
Refer to Section 2 of Document J which requires an
outside air vent for appliances with power outputs
above 5 kW. Always refer to national and local codes to
determine your specific requirements.
The Defiant NC is equipped to deliver outside air for
combustion and outside air kit #3265 is available.
When first using the stove, keep track of the air control
settings. You will quickly find that a specific setting will
give you a fixed amount of heat. It may take a week or
two to determine the amount of heat and the length of
burn you should expect from various settings.
Most installations do not require a large amount of
combustion air, especially if adequate draft is available.
Do not for any reason attempt to increase the firing
of your heater by altering the air control adjustment
range outlined in these directions.
Use the following air control settings as a starting point
to help determine the best settings for your installation.
Each is described as a fraction of the total distance the
lever may be moved from right to left.
Defiant Control Settings
(Refer to Figure 27, Page 19)
Burn Rate
Primary Air Control From far right to 1/3 the distance to left
From 1/3 to 2/3 the distance to left
From 2/3 the distance to left, to far left
Conditioning Your Stove
Cast iron is extremely strong, but it can be broken with
a sharp blow from a hammer or from the thermal shock
of rapid and extreme temperature change.
The cast plates expand and contract with changes in
temperature. When you first begin using your Defiant,
minimize thermal stress by letting the plates adjust
gradually during three or four initial break-in fires following Steps 1-3 below.
Starting and Maintaining a Wood Fire
Burn only solid wood in the Defiant, and burn it directly
on the grate. Do not elevate the fuel. Do not burn coal
or other fuels.
The bypass damper must be open when starting a
fire or when refueling.
Do not use chemicals or fluids to start the fire. Do
not burn garbage. Never use flammable fluids such
as gasoline, gasoline type lantern fuel, kerosene,
charcoal lighter fluid, naptha, engine oil or similar
liquids to start or “freshen up” a fire in this heater.
Keep all such liquids well away from the heater
while it is in use.
Defiant® 1610CE Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
1. Open the stove bypass damper, and open the primary air control fully.
2. Place several sheets of crumpled newspaper in the
stove. Place six or eight pieces of dry kindling split to a
finger-width size on the paper. On the kindling, lay two
or three larger sticks of split dry wood approximately
25-51 mm (1-2”) in diameter. (Fig. 31)
Fig. 32 Add larger pieces of wood as the fire begins to burn
6. Adjust the air control for your desired heat output.
Fig. 31 Start the fire with newspaper and dry kindling.
3. Light the newspaper and close the door. Gradually build up the fire by adding a few 76-127 mm (3-5”)
diameter pieces of split firewood. If this is one of the
first few “break-in”
fires, let the fire burn brightly,
and then let it die
starting a fire
NOTE: Stove installations vary widely, and the operating guidance given
here is only a starting point . The
draft management
on Page 27 will explain
in detail how the features of your installation may help
or hinder good draft, and how you may need to vary
your firing technique if your installation doesn’t encourage a good draft.
During the break-in
fires, do not let the stove get hotter than 260° C (500° F) as measured on an optional
stove-top thermometer. Adjust the air control lever as
necessary to control the fire.
Some odor from the stove’s hot metal and the paint is
normal for the first few fires.
NOTE: Some chimneys must be “primed,” or warmed
up, before they will draw sufficiently to start a fire. To
correct this situation, roll up a couple pieces of newspaper, place them on top of the kindling and toward
the back of the stove, light them, and close the doors.
This will encourage the smoke to rise rapidly, making it
easier to establish a good draft.
Once the draft is established, open the front door and
light the rest of the fuel from the bottom. Do not light
the main bed of fuel until the chimney begins drawing,
and repeat the procedure as often as necessary if the
initial attempt is unsuccessful.
4. If your Defiant has been broken-in previously using Steps 1-3, continue to build the fire gradually. Add
larger wood with a diameter of 76-102 mm (3-4”). Continue adding split logs of this size to the briskly-burning
fire until there is a glowing ember bed 51-76 mm (2-3”)
deep. (Fig. 32) A good ember bed is necessary for
proper functioning of the non-catalytic system and may
take an hour or more to establish.
5. Close the damper when the griddle temperature
reaches 230° C (450° F).
Fig. 33 Add full size logs after the ember bed is 3” (75mm)
Refuel While the Embers Are Still Hot
When reloading, best results will be achieved if you first
de-ash the stove by
stirring the fuel bed to allow ash to
fall through the grate
the ash
11/00 into very small pieces or
Do not break the charcoal
pound or compress the charcoal bed.
It is important that air can circulate through the charcoal
bed during the burn. Larger pieces of charcoal allow
more air to circulate under the wood, resulting in the
fire reviving more quickly.
For best results when refueling, wear long-cuffed stove
gloves to protect your hands and forearms, add fuel
while the stove still has plenty of glowing embers to
re-kindle the fire, and include some smaller pieces of
wood in the new fuel load to help the stove regain its
Defiant® 1610CE Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
operating temperature quickly. Use this sequence as a
guide to successful refueling:
NOTE: Door handles can be hot. A glove has been
included with your stove. We recommend using this
glove whenever operating door or damper controls and
especially when operating the top griddle.
1. Open the damper.
2. De-ash the stove as described above. Open the
ashdoor and check the level of ash in the ash pan.
Empty the pan if necessary and replace it in the
stove. Close the ash door.
3. Open the griddle, load the wood (smaller pieces
first), and close the griddle.
4. Close the damper.
5. When the surface temperature reaches 230° C
(450° F), adjust the air control for the amount of heat
you desire.
NOTE: If the remaining charcoal bed is relatively thick
(51-76 mm/2-3”) and if your fuel is well seasoned, it is
possible to add fresh fuel (smaller pieces first), close
the door and damper, and reset the primary air control
for the desired heat output within five minutes.
Caution: The Defiant will be hot while in operation. Keep children, clothing and furniture away.
Contact may cause skin burns.
cause a house fire, or can result in permanent damage
to the stove. If any part of the Defiant glows, you are
Ash Disposal
Routine ash removal is important for ease of maintenance,
and is important for the stove’s durability. Remove ash before it reaches the top of the ash pan. Check the level at
least once a day. Every few days, clear any ash from the
outer edges of the firebox. Most of the ash will fall through
the grate. Slice or stir the ash with a shovel or poker so
that it falls through the grate slots.
IMPORTANT: Check the level of ash in the ash pan
before reloading the stove. If the ash level is close to
the top edge of the pan, empty the pan according to this
Fig. 34 Turn the ashdoor handle clockwise to open and counterclockwise to close.
• If the stove is in operation, close the ash door while disposing of the ash. You may need to lift the latch end of
the door slightly to align the latch with the mating part
on the stove bottom.
• Properly dispose of the ash in a metal container with a
tight-fitting lid. Store the container outdoors away from
all combustible material.
• Return the ash pan to its original position in the stove,
and close and latch the ash door. (Fig. 35)
• Do not operate the stove with the ash door open. This
will result in over-firing, and could cause damage to the
stove, void the warranty, or even lead to a house fire.
Empty the ash pan regularly, typically every one to three
days. The frequency will vary depending on how you operate your Defiant: ash will accumulate faster at higher heat
Remove ash frequently and place it outdoors in a metal
container with a tight-fitting lid. Place the closed container
of ash on a noncombustible floor or on the ground, well
away from all combustible materials, pending final disposal. If the ash is disposed of by burial in soil or otherwise
locally dispersed, it should be kept in the closed container
until all cinders have thoroughly cooled.
You can use wood ash as a garden fertilizer.
CAUTION: Never use your household or shop vacuum
cleaner to remove ash from the stove; always remove and
dispose of the ash properly.
Open the damper.
• Open the griddle or front doors, and use a shovel or
poker to stir excess ash through the ash slots in the
grate down into the ash pan.
• Close the griddle or doors, and unlatch the ash door.
(Fig. 34) It will pivot, swinging the ash pan out of the
• Slide the cover onto the pan, making sure it is securely
closed. (Fig. 35)
• Remove the ash pan, making sure to keep it level.
• To keep the cover from sliding off and to keep ash from
falling on the floor, do not tilt the ash pan forward.
Fig. 35 Be sure the cover is securely attached before removing the ash pan.
Defiant® 1610CE Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Draft Management
A stove is part of a system, which includes the chimney,
the operator, the fuel, and the home. The other parts of
the system will affect how well the stove works. When
there is a good match between all the parts, the system
works well.
into the home. An indoor chimney won’t lose its heat
to the outdoors, so it takes less heat from the stove to
heat it up and keep it warm.
Wood stove or insert operation depends on natural
(unforced) draft. Natural draft occurs when the exhaust
is hotter (and therefore lighter) than the outdoor air at
the top of the chimney. The bigger the temperature
difference, the stronger the draft. As the hot gases rise
through the chimney they provide suction or ‘draw’ that
pulls air into the stove for combustion. A slow, lazy fire
with the stove’s air inlets fully open indicates a weak
draft. A brisk fire, supported only by air entering the
stove through the normal inlets, indicates a good draft.
The stove’s air inlets are passive; they regulate how
much air can enter the stove, but they don’t move air
into it.
The common wisdom tells us that a taller flue draws
better than a short one. This isn’t necessarily so. If a
chimney is tall enough to meet the safety requirements
of the 2/3/10 foot rule, then adding more height isn’t the
right answer to a draft problem. In fact it could make the
problem worse by adding more mass to the chimney
system, which must be warmed up, a distance from the
heat source (the stove). Don’t make a chimney taller
unless you must in order to meet the safety rules, or unless there’s some nearby feature causing a downdraft.
Even then, there are downdraft-preventing chimney
caps available, which are probably the smarter choice.
Depending on the features of your installation - steel or
masonry chimney, inside or outside the house, matched
to the stove’s outlet or oversized - your system may
warm up quickly, or it may take a while to warm up and
operate well. With an ‘airtight’ stove, one which restricts
the amount of air getting into the firebox, the chimney
must keep the stove’s exhaust warm all the way to the
outdoors in order for the stove to work well. Some chimneys do this better than others. Here’s a list of features
and their effects.
Masonry Chimney
Masonry is a traditional material for chimneys, but it can
perform poorly when it serves an ‘airtight’ stove. Masonry is a very effective ‘heat sink’ - it absorbs a lot of heat.
It can cool the chimney gases enough to diminish draft.
The bigger the chimney, the longer it takes to warm up.
It’s often very difficult to warm up an outdoor masonry
chimney, especially an oversized one, and keep it warm
enough to maintain an adequate draft.
Steel Chimney
Most factory-made steel chimneys have a layer of
insulation around the inner flue. This insulation keeps
the chimney warm. The insulation is less dense than
masonry, so a steel chimney warms up more quickly
than a masonry chimney. Steel doesn’t have the good
looks of masonry, but it performs much better.
Indoor/Outdoor Location
Because the chimney must keep the smoke warm, it’s
best to locate it inside the house. This uses the house
as insulation for the flue and allows some heat release
Chimney Height
Flue Sizing
The inside size of a chimney for an ‘airtight’ stove
should match the size of the stove’s flue outlet. When
a chimney serves an airtight stove, more is not better;
in fact, it can be a disadvantage. Hot gases lose heat
faster as they travel slower through a chimney; if we
vent a stove with a 152mm (6”) flue collar [181 sq cm
(28 sq in area) into a 254 x 254 mm (10 x 10”) flue, the
gases slow to one third their original speed. This allows
the gases to cool more rapids, which weakens draft
strength. If an oversized flue is also outside the house,
the heat it absorbs gets transferred to the outdoor air
and the flue usually stays cool.
It is common for a masonry flue, especially one serving
a fireplace, to be oversized for the stove. It can take
quite a while to warm up such a flue, and the results
can be disappointing. The best solution to an oversized
flue is an insulated steel chimney liner, the same diameter as the stove or insert’s flue outlet; the liner keeps
the exhaust warm, and the result is a stronger draft. An
uninsulated liner is a second choice - the liner keeps
the exhaust restricted to its original size, but the hot
gases still must warm up the air around the liner. This
makes the warm-up process take longer.
Pipe & Chimney Layout
Every turn the exhaust must take as it travels to the
chimney top will slow it down. The ideal pipe and chimney layout is to vent vertically into a completely straight
and vertical chimney. If you are starting from scratch,
use this layout if possible. If the stovepipe must elbow
to enter a chimney, locate the thimble about midway
between the stove top and the ceiling. This achieves
several goals: it allows the gases to speed up before
Defiant® 1610CE Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
they must turn, it leaves some pipe in the room for heat
transfer, and it gives you long-term flexibility for installing a different stove without relocating the thimble.
There should be no more than eight feet of single-wall
stove pipe between the stove and a chimney; longer
runs can cool the exhaust enough to cause draft and
creosote problems. With prefabricated chimney, bring it
down to six to eight feet from the stove. With a masonry
chimney, arrange the pipe so that it turns into the chimney within eight feet of the stove.
Single Venting
Each ‘airtight’ stove requires its own flue. If an airtight
stove is vented to a flue that also serves an open fireplace, or a leakier stove, it’s easier for the chimney draft
to pull air in through those channels and performance of
the stove suffers. Imagine a vacuum cleaner with a hole in
the hose to understand the effect here. In some cases the
other appliance can even cause a negative draft through
the stove, and result in a dangerous draft reversal.
Creosote is a by-product of slow wood-burning. It’s an
organic tar that can condense in the flue if it is present in
the exhaust, slow-moving, and cools to less than 290°F
(130°C). Condensed creosote is volatile, and can generate chimney fires if it gets hot enough. All the features that
affect chimney draft also affect creosote condensation
- so use whatever combination of installation features and
operational steps that will encourage good draft and minimize creosote production.
Because letting the exhaust cool off and slow down is one
of the keys to creosote accumulation, it makes sense to
line a chimney to match the stove’s outlet size, for safety
reasons as well as performance. Consult a qualified
installer and check local and national codes for recommended chimney sizing.
Even the best stove installation will not perform well with
poor fuel. The best fuel is hardwood that has air-dried 1218 months. Softwood burns, but not as long as hardwood.
‘Green’ wood has a lot of moisture in it; it will burn, but
some of the heat potential is used to boil the extra moisture from the wood. This reduces the amount of heat that
reaches your home and can contribute to a creosote problem. There are moisture meters available for firewood; you
can also judge your wood by its appearance and weight. If
you get it green, lift a piece and get a sense of its weight;
it can lose a third or more of its weight as it dries. Also look
at the ends of a log; as it dries it shrinks and often cracks.
The more weathered and cracked a piece is, the drier it is.
Dry wood burns readily with a good chimney draft. But
with modern stoves, wood can be too dry and too volatile. Smoke and combustible gases can ‘gas out’ from the
wood quickly and densely enough to overload the combustion system. If you hear a rumbling or roaring noise (like a
propane torch) from the stove, that is a sign that the stove
is overfiring.
Back-puffing results when the fire produces volatile gases
faster than the chimney draft pulls them out of the firebox.
The gases back up in the firebox until they are concentrated enough and hot enough to ignite. If your stove backpuffs, the stove needs to cool down. You should open the
damper to let the smoke rise to the flue more quickly, allow
more air into the firebox, avoid big loads of firewood and
check that the wood moisture is not too low.
Draft Testing
An easy way to test your chimney draft is to close the
stove’s damper, wait a few minutes to let the airflow stabilize, then see whether you can vary the strength of the fire
by swinging the air control open and closed. Results are
not always instant; you may need to wait a few minutes for
a change in the air control setting to have an effect on the
fire. If there’s no change, then the draft isn’t strong enough
yet to let you close the damper, and you’ll need to open it
for awhile longer and manage the fire with the air inlet until
the draft strengthens. If you keep track of your burning
habits and relate them to their effects on the stove’s operation, you’ll be rewarded with good performance and a safe
Negative Pressure
Good draft also depends on a supply of air to the stove;
a chimney can’t pull in more air than is available to it.
Sluggish draft results when a house is tight enough to
prevent the ready flow of air to the stove, or by competition
between the stove and other equipment that sends indoor
air outside - especially power-driven equipment like range
hoods, clothes dryers, etc. If the chimney draws well with
all other equipment turned off (or sealed, in the case of
fireplaces and/or other stoves), then you simply need to
be careful with timing the use of the other air consuming
equipment. If you need to crack a nearby window or door
to enable the chimney to flow well, it may be a good idea
to install an outside-air intake to bring combustion air directly to the stove. An outside air kit is available to connect
the stove directly to a source of outdoor combustion air.
In many cases, local or national codes require the installation of permanently open air vents, particularly with larger
appliances (i.e. above 5 kW). Refer to these codes to
determine specific requirements for your installation.
Wood-burning is an art rather than a science. Once the
stove and chimney system are in place, you can only
vary your technique, mostly your timing, to achieve good
results. If you keep track of your burning habits and relate
them to their effects on the stove’s operation, you’ll be
rewarded with good performance and year of reliable heating.
Defiant® 1610CE Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Below you will find important information on general
care, inspection and maintenance of your Vermont
Castings stove. Should it become necessary, use only
replacement parts recommended by your authorized
Keep Your Stove Looking New
and Working Its Best
Let the fire in the stove go out and allow the stove to
cool completely before beginning any maintenance
Care of the Cast Iron Surface
An occasional dusting with a dry rag will keep the
painted cast iron of your Defiant looking new.
The stove’s paint can be touched up as needed. First,
mask the areas, such as enamelled parts, glass, or
handles, around the spot to be painted. Clean the spot
with a wire brush. Remove the griddle and set it aside.
It is normal for the griddle to darken after use. You can
clean it with a fine-bristle wire brush, or steel wool.
Then, touch up the stove with Vermont Castings’ high
temperature stove paint. Apply the paint sparingly; two
light coats of paint are better than a single heavy one.
Care of the Porcelain Enamel Surface
Use a dry or slightly damp rag or soft brush to remove
spills or stains. For difficult jobs that require a cleaning
agent, use only a kitchen appliance cleaner or polish
recommended for use on enamel surfaces.
ings. Do not use substitutes. Be sure to specify left or
right glass; the panels are not interchangeable, due to a
heat-reflective coating on the side toward the room.
Removing the Glass
1. Remove the right and left door assemblies by raising the door until the lower hinge pin clears its hole;
then, angle the door bottom slightly outward and pull
down to release the upper hinge pin. Place the doors
face down on a padded work surface. Be especially
careful with enamelled doors.
2. Remove the screws that hold the glass retainer clips
in place, and remove the clips.
3. Carefully lift the broken glass panel from the door.
Installing the Glass
Check the gasket around the window; it should be soft
and resilient so that the glass will seal properly against
the door. Replace the gasket if it has hardened or if it is
1. Center the glass on the gasket. Be sure to place the
glass so that the infrared reflective coating is on the
exterior side, facing toward the room.
2. Secure the glass on both doors with the retainer
clips. Tighten all screws. (Fig. 36)
3. Replace the doors on the stove.
4. Open and close the doors to check that they fit and
work properly. Adjust as necessary.
Door Gasket
Cleaning the Glass
Right Door
(Back Side)
Most of the carbon deposits on the glass will burn off
during hot fires.
However, the ash residue that accumulates on the
glass surface should be removed regularly to prevent
etching. To clean the glass, follow this procedure:
• Be sure the glass is completely cool.
• Clean the glass with water or a cleaner made espe-
cially for this purpose. Do not use abrasive cleaners.
Use cleaning agents sparingly and be sure to keep
them off the outer surfaces of the stove.
Rinse the glass thoroughly.
Dry the glass completely.
Left Door
Glass Gasket
Glass Panel
Retainer Clip
Replace Broken Glass Immediately
Do not operate your stove if the glass in the doors is
Retainer Clip
Fig. 36 An exploded view of the glass assembly.
If you need to replace the glass, use only the high
temperature ceramic glass supplied by Vermont Cast30003846
Defiant® 1610CE Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Adjust the Damper as Needed
The tension on the Defiant’s damper is adjustable to
compensate for compression of the gasket that seals
the damper to the upper fireback. To adjust the damper:
1. Remove the griddle. Loosen the lock nut at the center of the damper. (Fig. 37)
2. Turn the pressure screw approximately one half turn
clockwise with an Allen wrench provided with your
3. Tighten the lock nut. Prevent the pressure screw
from turning as you tighten the nut. Re-test the
Pressure Adjusting Screw
Small Locking Nut
Striker Screw
Set Screw
Handle Stub
Lock Nut
Fig. 38 Turn the door latch striker screw in or out to tighten or
loosen the screw.
Replace the StoveST531
Gaskets as Needed
Fig. 37 Adjust the damper with the Allen wrench.
Tighten the Damper Handle as Needed
A handle on the left side of the stove controls the
damper. The handle attaches to the damper rod with a
set screw. Periodically check the set screw and tighten
as necessary.
How to Adjust the Door Latches
The Defiant’s doors should close securely to prevent
accidental opening and to keep air from leaking into the
stove. On properly adjusted doors, the handles should
resist slightly as they are turned to the closed position
and the doors themselves should be drawn slightly
toward the stove.
Over time, the gasket around the doors will compress
and the latches may need
To adjust the latches, loosen the small lock nut, rotate
Damper adjustment
the striker screw a half-turn, and re-tighten the small
lock nut. (Fig. 40) Your stove
kit includes an Allen
wrench for latch adjustments. Hold the striker screw to
keep it from turning as you tighten the lock nut. Make
repeated small adjustments until the setting is right.
Pawl to make
Your Defiant uses fiberglass
rope gaskets
a tight seal between some parts. With use, particu11/00
larly on moving parts, gaskets can become brittle and
compressed and can begin to lose their effectiveness.
These will need periodic replacement.
The sizes of replaceable gasket are listed below, along
with their applications.
Gasket Diameter......And the Parts it Seals
5/16” The griddle to the stove top (wire reinforced gasket)
5/16” The damper to the upper fireback; the front doors to the stove front; and the doors to each other.
The ash door to the front of the bottom panel
The outer glass panes to the door
If you need to change a gasket, first obtain an appropriate replacement from your Vermont Castings, Authorized Dealer.
Wait until the fire is out and the stove has cooled. Be
sure to follow the standard safety procedure for working
with dusty materials: wear safety goggles and a dust
The procedure for replacing gaskets is the same,
regardless of the gasket location. Follow these eight
1. Remove the existing gasket by grasping an end and
pulling firmly. (Fig. 39)
2. Use a wire brush or the tip of a screwdriver to clean
the channel of any remaining cement or bits of gasket.
Remove stubborn deposits of cement with a cold chisel
if necessary. (Fig. 39)
Defiant® 1610CE Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
All Gasketed Construction Gaskets
Fig. 39 Remove gasket then clean channel with wire brush.
3. Determine the correctRemove
length of the appropriate-sized
gasket by laying it out ingasket
the channel. Allow an extra
djt to be cut.
25-51 mm (1-2”), and mark
the spot
4. Remove the gasket from the channel, place it on a
wood cutting surface, and cut it at the marked spot with
a utility knife.
Twist the ends slightly to keep the gasket from unraveling.
5. Lay an unbroken 3 mm (1/8”) bead of gasket cement
in the newly-cleaned channel. (Fig. 40)
6. Starting at one end, press the gasket into the channel. (Fig. 48) Ensure a good joint where the gasket
meets before trimming any excess. Do not overlap the
gasket ends or leave ends with ragged edges.
ve G ent
Sto Cem
Fig. 40 Lay a bead of gasket cement then press gasket in
7. Press the gasketed part
firmly against its normal
mating surface to seat Remove
the gasket evenly in its channel.
Close and latch the door
to do this, or tap other parts
with the rubber mallet (or
of wood).
8. Clean any excess cement from around the channel, then let the cement that holds the new gasket dry
9. The stove’s doors may need adjustment after you
have regasketed them. Initially, it may require loosening
the latch to accommodate the new gasket; after a few
weeks, it may need tightening to compensate for compression of the new gasket. The directions for adjusting
the latches are on Page 30.
Other gaskets form seals between all other non-moving
parts, but these are not subject to the same wear and
deterioration as gaskets on moving parts. It is unlikely
that you will ever need to replace these gaskets unless
the involved parts are disassembled and then put back
together. If this is the case, the job should be done only
by a qualified service technician.
5/16” diameter gasket seals the following parts:
• The lower fireback to the back panel
• The left and right air plates (inner sides)
• All connections between the stove plates.
The Chimney System
Your Defiant is designed to reduce creosote build-up
significantly. However, regular chimney inspection and
maintenance must still be performed. For safety, good
stove performance, and to protect your chimney and
chimney connector, inspect your chimney and chimney
connector on a regular schedule. Clean the system if
necessary. Failure to keep the chimney and connector
system clean can result in a serious chimney fire.
When wood is burned slowly, it produces tar, organic
vapors and moisture that combine to form creosote. The
creosote vapors condense in the relatively cool chimney
flue of a slow-burning fire. As a result, creosote residue
accumulates on the flue lining. When ignited, this creosote makes an extremely hot fire within the flue system
that can damage the chimney and overheat adjacent
combustible material. If a significant layer of creosote
has accumulated —1/8” (3 mm) or more — it should be
removed to reduce the risk of a chimney fire.
You can never be too safe. Contact your local fire
authority for information on what to do in the event of
a chimney fire, and have a clearly understood plan on
how to handle one.
If you do experience a chimney fire, act promptly to:
• Close the damper and air control lever.
• Get everyone out of the house.
• Call the Fire Department.
Inspect the system every two weeks during the heating season as part of a regular maintenance schedule.
To inspect the chimney, let the stove cool completely.
Then, using a mirror and a strong light, sight up through
the flue collar into the chimney flue. If you cannot inspect the flue system in this fashion, the stove must be
disconnected to provide better viewing access.
Clean the chimney using a brush the same size and
shape as the flue liner. Flexible fiberglass rods are used
to run the brush up and down the liner, causing any
deposits to fall to the bottom of the chimney where they
can be removed through the clean-out door.
Defiant® 1610CE Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Clean the chimney connector by disconnecting the sections, taking them outside, and removing any deposits
with a stiff wire brush. Reinstall the connector sections
after cleaning, being sure to secure the joints between
individual sections with sheet metal screws.
helpful) and vacuum away ash using a flexible vacuum hose inserted into each passage. Care should be
taken not to damage the white fibrous material in this
rear chamber. (Fig. 41)
If you cannot inspect or clean the chimney yourself,
contact your local Vermont Castings dealer or a professional chimney sweep.
Maintenance Schedule
The stove and chimney system should be inspected
and maintained by a qualified engineer and include the
The Stove
• Clear any ash build-up from around the air holes and
combustion flow path in the lower fireback.
• Ashes should be removed before they reach the top
of the ash pan. Check accumulation at least once a
• Keep the area around the stove clear of any combustible materials such as wood, furniture or clothing.
• Check door handle to be sure it is working properly.
Gasketing becomes compressed after a period of
time. Adjust handle tightness if necessary.
• Check leg bolts and heat shield screws; tighten if
Annual Spring Cleaning:
• Check gasketing for wear, and replace if necessary.
• Remove ashes from the ash pan and replace with a
moisture absorbing material (such as kitty litter) to
keep the interior of the stove dry.
• Clean the dust from the inner sides of bottom, rear or
pipe heat shields if your stove is equipped with them.
Clean surfaces are better heat reflectors than dirty
• Touch up the black paint.
• Inspect for and remove ash build-up behind the combustion package. This should be done in conjunction
with annual cleaning of the chimney connector since
this inspection is most conveniently done through the
flue collar opening. Inspect the passages to either
side of the combustion package (a mirror will be
Inspect and
Vacuum Both
Rear Corners
Ash Build-up
Fig. 41 Inspect and clean out ash accumulation on either side
of the non-catalytic combustion system.
The Chimney Connector
• Inspect the chimney connector and chimney. Clean if
• Inspect theCLEANASH
chimney and chimney connector. Pay
particular attention
to the horizontal runs of chimney
connector, and the elbows. Clean the system if necessary.
Annual Spring Cleaning:
• Disassemble the chimney connector and take it
outdoors for inspection and cleaning. Replace weak
sections of connector.
• Inspect the chimney for signs of deterioration. Repairs to a masonry chimney should be made by a
professional mason. Replace damaged sections of
prefabricated chimney. Your local Dutchwest dealer
or a chimney sweep can help determine when replacement is necessary.
• Thoroughly clean the chimney.
Defiant® 1610CE Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
14 13 12
24 37 20 25 23 17 16 69 18 15 66
23 35 5 22 87
19 6
36 63 4 21 84 8 62
45 23 46 45 56 64 62
2 1 59 62
61 45 23 7 28
60 47 65 39
88 93
41 42 11 88 43 50 38 44 44 27 40 92a
57 48 50 9 4 10 85 3 1 33 92b
75 77 31 58 76 30 70 79 29 52 53 70 51 74 71 75 91 80 74 54 49 32 70 80 68 78 67 55 68 72 73 91 52 78 81 26 56 82 83 MHSC reserves the right to make changes in design, materials, specifications, prices and discontinue colors and products at any time, without
2850 notice.
Defiant Woodburning Stove
Model 1610CE
Defiant N parts 11/05 25
Defiant® 1610CE Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Defiant Woodburning Stove
Model 1610CE (continued)
Item DescriptionPart Number
1. Side Insulation
2. Right Side Brick
3. Left Side Refractory
4. Brick Support Bracket
5. Griddle Gasket
6. Back
7. Left Heat Deflector
8. Right Heat Deflector
9. Shoe Refractory
10. Shoe Gasket
11. Fireback
12. Outer Back
13. Left Griddle Quadrant
14. Right Griddle Quadrant
15. Griddle
16. Griddle Handle
17. Griddle Handle Spacer
18. Griddle Handle Bolt
19. Damper Gasket
20. Damper Ramp
21. Damper Housing
22. Damper1
23. Damper Tab1
24. Damper Rod1
25. Griddle Handle Bushing
26. Ash Door Heat Shield
27. Rheostat Bracket
28. Fountain Assembly
29. Damper Handle Screw
30. Damper Handle
31. Damper Handle Base Assy
32. Left Side See Chart Pg. 37
33. Left Air Manifold
34. Right Air Manifold
35. Right Side
See Chart Pg. 37
36. Thermostat Handle Base Assy
37. Washer Damper Rod
38. Grate
39. Inner Bottom
40. Top Ashdoor Hinge
41. Door Handle Bracket
42. Bottom
43. Ashlip
See Chart Pg. 37
44. Fireback Retainer
45. Friction Spring
46. Washer Friction Spring/Therm Handle Linkage
47. Air Plate
48. Andiron
49. Control Spacer
50. Leg Leveller
51. Ashdoor Handle Shaft
Item DescriptionPart Number
52. Pawl Assy 3/4 short adj
53. Ashdoor
54. Ashdoor Handle (Wood)
55. Ashdoor Hinge Rod
56. Cotter Pin, Ashdoor
57. Ashdoor Bottom Hinge Support
58. Ashpan Bracket
59. Primary Air Flap
60. Primary Air Shaft
61. Air Linkage
62. Rear Side Bracket
63. Thermostat Handle
64. Airwash Manifold
65. Front
See Chart Pg. 37
66. Flue Collar Gasket
67. Left Door
See Chart Pg. 37
68. Door Hinge Strip
69. Top
See Chart Pg. 37
70. Glass Clip
71. Glass Clip (Right Door Only)
72. Front Door Handle & Shaft
73. Right Door
See Chart Pg. 37
74. Door Gasket
75. Glass Gasket
76. Left Door Glass1
77. Right Door Glass1
78. Lower Door Hinge Pin
79. Spacer (for Damper rod)
80. Upper Door Hinge Pin
81. Handle Base Stub2
82. Ceramic Handle220006381
83. Handle Bolt2
84. Thermostat Handle Bolt
85. Ash Pan Assy
87. Flue Collar
See Chart Pg. 37
88. Leg
See Chart Pg. 37
91. Hex Head Jam Nut
92. Bottom Heat Shield
92a. Bottom Heat Shield Rt Wing
92b. Bottom Heat Shield Lt Wing
92c. Trs. Hd, Ph 10-24 x 1/2 z
92d. Nut, Hex 10-24z
93. Fountain Heat Shield
Defiant® 1610CE Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Defiant Woodburning Stove
Model 1610CE (continued)
Shell Enamel Parts - Defiant Model 1610CE
Part NameClassicBiscuitBordeauxChestnutEbony
30002915 30002926 30002894 30002884 30002937 30004837
Left Side
30002913 30002924 30002892 30002882 30002935 30004834
Right Side
30002912 30002923 30002891 30002881 30002934 30004835
Flue Collar
30002921 30002932 30002910 30001617 30002943 30004815
30002914 30002925 30002893 30002883 30002936 30004836
30002911 30002922 30002890 30002880 30002933 30004833
Left Door
30002920 30002931 30002899 30002889 30002942 30004840
Sub Assy
Left Door
30002917 30002928 30002896 30002886 30002939 30004842
Right Door
30002919 30002930 30002898 30002888 30002941 30004839
Sub Assy
Right Door
30002916 30002927 30002895 30002885 30002938 30004841
30002918 30002929 30002897 30002887 30002940 30004843
In this diagram and throughout this manual, ‘left’ and ‘right’ mean as you
face the stove.
When ordering parts, be sure to mention the stove’s model number.
When ordering external parts, be sure to specify color.
1. Not interchangeable, due to a heat-reflective coating on the room
side of the glass.
2. Included in #0004345 Black Ceramic Handle Assy.
The hardware in the Defiant is in standard sizes; most bolts are 1/4”
diameter by 20 threads per inch. Most hardware stores can supply replacement hardware if you specify bolt diameter, number of threads per
inch and length. Fasteners inside the firebox should be replaced with
stainless steel for ease of future disassembly.
For Vermont Castings Defiant, Non-Catalytic Wood Stove
Limited Lifetime Warranty
MHSC warrants that all refractory brick and material
used in this product will be warranted against
deterioration not resulting from physical damage or
overloading of the woodstove for the lifetime of this
product. This coverage includes the components of
the EverBurn System: “shoe, fountain, and fireback.
Coverage is provided only to the original purchaser.
Limited 3 Year Warranty
All cast iron parts are warranted for a period of three
years against breakage, cracking or burn-through.
Limited 1 Year Warranty
The following part of the woodburning stove are
warranted to be free of defects in material and workmanship for a period of one year from the date you
receive it: The handles, glass door panels, door
gasketing and porcelain finish. Any of these items
found to be defective will be repaired or replaced at
no charge, upon the return of the part with postage
prepaid to a Vermont Castings Authorized Dealer.
Any parts repaired or replaced during the limited
warranty period will be warranted under the terms
of the limited warranty for a period not to exceed the
remaining term of the original limited warranty or six
(6) months, whichever is longer.
Exclusions & Limitations
1. This warranty is non-transferable.
2. This warranty does not cover misuse of the stove.
Misuse includes overfiring, which will result if the stove
is used in such a manner as to cause one or more
of the plates to glow red. Overfiring can be identified
later by warped plates and areas where the paint pigments has burned off. Overfiring in enamel stoves is
identified by bubbling, cracking, chipping and discoloration of the porcelain enamel finish. MHSC offers no
warranty on chipping of enamel surfaces. Inspect your
woodburning stove prior to accepting it for any damage to the enamel.
3. This warranty does not cover misuse of the stove as
described in the Owners Guide, nor does it cover a
stove which has been modified unless authorized by
a MHSC representative in writing. This warranty does
not cover damage to the stove caused by burning salt
saturated wood, chemically treated wood, or any fuel
not recommended in the Owners Guide.
4. This warranty does not cover a stove repaired by
someone other than a Vermont Castings Authorized
5. Damage to the unit while in transit is not covered
by this warranty but is subject to a claim against the
common carrier. Contact Vermont Castings Authorized Dealer from whom you purchased your stove or
MHSC if the purchase was direct. (Do not operate
the stove as this may negate the ability to process the
claim with the carrier).
6. Claims are not valid where the installation does not
conform to local building and fire codes or, in their absence, to the recommendations in our Owners Guide.
7. The salt air environment of coastal areas, or a highhumidity environment, can be corrosive to the porcelain enamel finish. These conditions can cause rusting
of the cast iron beneath the porcelain enamel finish,
which will cause the porcelain enamel finish to flake
off. This warranty does not cover damage caused by
a salt air or high-humidity environment.
8. MHSC shall have no obligation to enhance or update
any unit once manufactured.
Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitations of
incidental and consequential damages or limitations on
how long an implied warranty lasts, so the above limitations may not apply to you. This warranty gives you
specific rights and you may have other rights, which vary
from state to state.
How to Obtain Service
If a defect is noted within the warranty period, the
customer should contact a Vermont Castings Authorized
Dealer or MHSC if the purchase was direct with the
following information:
1. Name, address, and telephone number of the purchaser
2. Date of Purchase.
3. Serial number from the label on the back
4. Nature of the defect or damage.
5. Any relevant information or circumstances, e.g., installation, mode of operation when defect was noted.
A warranty claim will then start in process. MHSC reserves the right to withhold final approval of a warranty
claim pending a visual inspection of the defect by authorized representatives.
149 Cleveland Drive • Paris, Kentucky 40361
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