HMC6352 datasheet

HMC6352 datasheet
2-Axis Compass with Algorithms
HMC6352
The Honeywell HMC6352 is a fully integrated compass module that
combines 2-axis magneto-resistive sensors with the required analog and
digital support circuits, microprocessor and algorithms for heading
computation. By combining the sensor elements, processing electronics,
and firmware in to a 6.5mm by 6.5mm by 1.5mm LCC package,
Honeywell offers a complete, ready to use electronic compass. This
provides design engineers with the simplest solution to integrate high
volume, cost effective compasses into wireless consumer electronics,
vehicle compassing, and antenna positioning.
Honeywell continues to maintain product excellence and performance by
introducing innovative solid-state magnetic sensor solutions. These are highly reliable, top performance products that are
delivered when promised. Honeywell’s magnetic sensor products provide real solutions you can count on.
FEATURES
BENEFITS
4
Compass with Heading Output
4 A complete compass solution including compass firmware
4
Full Integration of 2-Axis Magnetic
Sensors and Electronics
complete digital compass solution with heading angle output in a
4 A chip-scale
package.
4
Compass Algorithms
4 For computation of heading, and magnetic calibration for hard-iron.
4
Small Surface Mount Package
(6.5 x 6.5 x 1.5mm, 24-pin LCC)
4 Small size, easy to assemble and compatible with high speed SMT
4
Low Voltage Operation (2.7 to 5.2V )
4 Compatible with battery powered applications
4
I C 2-Wire Serial Interface
4 Works as a Slave to Customer’s Master Processor (100kHz).
4
Lead Free Package Construction
4 Complies with Current Environmental Standards (RoHS)
4
Wide Magnetic Field Range (± 2 Oe)
4 Sensor Can Be Used in Strong Magnetic Field Environments
4
Set/Reset Strap Drive
4 Stray Magnetic Field Protection and Temperature Compensation
2
assembly
HMC6352
SPECIFICATIONS
Characteristics
Conditions
(1)
Supply Voltage
Vsupply to GND
Supply Current
Vsupply to GND
Min
Typ
Max
Units
2.7
3.0
5.2
Volts
Sleep Mode (Vsupply = 3.0V)
1
µA
Steady State (Vsupply = 3.0V)
1
mA
Steady State (Vsupply = 5.0V)
2
10
Dynamic Peaks
Field Range
(2)
Heading Accuracy
Total applied field
mA
mA
0.10
0.75
gauss
2.5
degRMS
Heading Resolution
0.5
deg
Heading Repeatability
1.0
deg
Disturbing Field
Max. Exposed
Field
HMC6352
-
Sensitivity starts to degrade. Enable
set/reset function to restore sensitivity.
20
gauss
No permanent damage and set/reset
function restores performance.
10000
gauss
Operating Temperature
Ambient
-20
70
°C
Storage Temperature
Ambient
-55
125
°C
For Lead-Free SMT Reflow
230
240
°C
Peak Reflow Temperature
Moisture Sensivity
Output
Size
Max 240°C
MSL3
-
Heading, Mag X, Mag Y
6.5 x 6.5 x 1.5
mm
Weight
0.14
(1) Tested at 25°C except stated otherwise.
(2) Field upper limit can be extended by using external resistors across CA1/CA2 and CB1/CB2.
grams
PIN CONFIGURATION/PACKAGE DIMENSIONS
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HMC6352
PIN DESCRIPTIONS
Pin
Name
Description
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
OFSR+
NC
_MCLR
GND
NC
SDI
SDO
PGM
SCL
SS
NC
NC
VDD
NC
NC
NC
NC
CB2
CB1
NC
CA2
CA1
OF+
No User Connection (Offset Strap Negative)
No User Connection (Set/Reset Strap Positive)
No User Connection
Master Clear Input
Supply/System Ground
No User Connection
I2C Data Output (SPI Data In)
No User Connection (SPI Data Out)
No User Connection (Program Enable)
I2C Clock (SPI Clock)
No User Connection (Slave Select)
No User Connection
No User Connection
Supply Voltage Positive Input (+2.7VDC to +5.0VDC)
No User Connection
No User Connection
No User Connection
No User Connection
Amplifier B Filter Capacitor Connection
Amplifier B Filter Capacitor Connection
No User Connection
Amplifier A Filter Capacitor Connection
Amplifier A Filter Capacitor Connection
No User Connection (Offset Strap Positive)
I2C COMMUNICATION PROTOCOL
2
The HMC6352 communicates via a two-wire I C bus system as a slave device. The HMC6352 uses a layered protocol
2
with the interface protocol defined by the I C bus specification, and the lower command protocol defined by Honeywell.
2
The data rate is the standard-mode 100kbps rate as defined in the I C Bus Specification 2.1. The bus bit format is an 8-bit
Data/Address send and a 1-bit acknowledge bit. The format of the data bytes (payload) shall be case sensitive ASCII
characters or binary data to the HMC6352 slave, and binary data returned. Negative binary values will be in two’s
complement form. The default (factory) HMC6352 7-bit slave address is 42(hex) for write operations, or 43(hex) for read
operations.
The HMC6352 Serial Clock (SCL) and Serial Data (SDA) lines do not have internal pull-up resistors, and require resistive
pull-ups (Rp) between the master device (usually a host microprocessor) and the HMC6352. Pull-up resistance values of
2
about 10k ohms are recommended with a nominal 3.0-volt supply voltage. Other values may be used as defined in the I C
Bus Specification 2.1.
The SCL and SDA lines in this bus specification can be connected to a host of devices. The bus can be a single master to
multiple slaves, or it can be a multiple master configuration. All data transfers are initiated by the master device which is
2
responsible for generating the clock signal, and the data transfers are 8 bit long. All devices are addressed by I C’s
th
unique 7 bit address. After each 8-bit transfer, the master device generates a 9 clock pulse, and releases the SDA line.
The receiving device (addressed slave) will pull the SDA line low to acknowledge (ACK) the successful transfer or leave
the SDA high to negative acknowledge (NACK).
2
Per the I C spec, all transitions in the SDA line must occur when SCL is low. This requirement leads to two unique
conditions on the bus associated with the SDA transitions when SCL is high. Master device pulling the SDA line low while
the SCL line is high indicates the Start (S) condition, and the Stop (P) condition is when the SDA line is pulled high while
2
the SCL line is high. The I C protocol also allows for the Restart condition in which the master device issues a second
start condition without issuing a stop.
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HMC6352
All bus transactions begin with the master device issuing the start sequence followed by the slave address byte. The
address byte contains the slave address; the upper 7 bits (bits7-1), and the Least Significant bit (LSb). The LSb of the
th
address byte designates if the operation is a read (LSb=1) or a write (LSb=0). At the 9 clock pulse, the recieving slave
device will issue the ACK (or NACK). Following these bus events, the master will send data bytes for a write operation, or
the slave will transmit back data for a read operation. All bus transactions are terminated with the master issuing a stop
sequence.
The following timing diagram shows an example of a master commanding a HMC6352 (slave) into sleep mode by sending
the “S” command. The bottom two traces show which device is pulling the SDA line low.
START
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
ACK
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
ACK
STOP
SDA
SCL
M_SDA
S_SDA
42(hex)
2
Write to This I C Address
“S”
Command
2
I C bus control can be implemented with either hardware logic or in software. Typical hardware designs will release the
SDA and SCL lines as appropriate to allow the slave device to manipulate these lines. In a software implementation, care
must be taken to perform these tasks in code.
Command Protocol
2
The command protocol defines the content of the data (payload) bytes of I C protocol sent by the master, and the slave
device (HMC6352).
After the master device sends the 7-bit slave address, the 1-bit Read/Write, and gets the 1-bit slave device acknowledge
bit returned; the next one to three sent data bytes are defined as the input command and argument bytes. To conserve
data traffic, all response data (Reads) will be context sensitive to the last command (Write) sent. All write commands shall
have the address byte least significant bit cleared (factory default 42(hex)). These commands then follow with the ASCII
command byte and command specific binary formatted argument bytes in the general form of:
(Command ASCII Byte) (Argument Binary MS Byte) (Argument Binary LS Byte)
2
The slave (HMC6352) shall provide the acknowledge bits between each data byte per the I C protocol. Response byte
reads are done by sending the address byte (factory default 43(hex)) with the least significant bit set, and then clocking
back one or two response bytes, last command dependant. For example, an “A” command prompts the HMC6352 to
make a sensor measurement and to route all reads for a two byte compass heading or magnetometer data response.
Then all successive reads shall clock out two response bytes after sending the slave address byte. Table 1 shows the
HMC6352 command and response data flow.
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HMC6352
Table 1 – HMC6352 Interface Commands/Responses
Command
Byte
ASCII (hex)
w (77)
r (72)
G (47)
g (67)
S (53)
W (57)
O (4F)
C (43)
E (45)
L (4C)
Argument 1 Byte
(Binary)
EEPROM Address
EEPROM Address
RAM Address
RAM Address
A (41)
Argument 2
Byte
(Binary)
Data
Response 1
Byte
(Binary)
Response 2
Byte
(Binary)
Data
Data
Data
MSB Data
LSB Data
Description
Write to EEPROM
Read from EEPROM
Write to RAM Register
Read from RAM Register
Enter Sleep Mode (Sleep)
Exit Sleep Mode (Wakeup)
Update Bridge Offsets (S/R Now)
Enter User Calibration Mode
Exit User Calibration Mode
Save Op Mode to EEPROM
Get Data. Compensate and
Calculate New Heading
Operational Controls
HMC6352 has two parameters; Operational Mode and Output Mode, which control its operation. The Operational Mode
control byte is located at RAM register byte 74(hex) and is shadowed in EEPROM location 08(hex). This byte can be used
to control the continuous measurement rate, set/reset function, and to command the HMC6352 into the three allowed
operating modes; Standby, Query, and Continuous.
The Output Mode control byte is located at RAM register byte 4E(hex) and is not shadowed in the EEPROM, and upon
power up the device is in the Heading output mode. This byte can be changed to get magnetometer data if necessary but
is typically left in a default heading data mode.
Non-Volatile Memory
The HMC6352 contains non-volatile memory capability in the form of EEPROM that retains key operational parameters
and settings for electronic compassing. Table 2 shows the balance of the EEPROM locations that the user can read and
write to. Details on the features of these location bytes will be discussed in the following paragraphs.
Table 2 – HMC6352 EEPROM Contents
EE Address (hex)
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
Byte Description
2
I C Slave Address
Magnetometer X Offset MSB
Magnetometer X Offset LSB
Magnetometer Y Offset MSB
Magnetometer Y Offset LSB
Time Delay (0 – 255 ms)
Number of Summed measurements(1-16)
Software Version Number
Operation Mode Byte
Factory Default
42(hex)
factory test value
factory test value
factory test value
factory test value
01(hex)
04(hex)
> 01(hex)
50(hex)
Operational Modes
The HMC6352 has three operational modes plus the ability to enter/exit the non-operational (sleep) mode by command.
Sleep mode sends the internal microprocessor into clock shutdown to save power, and can be brought back by the “W”
command (wake). The “S” command returns the processor to sleep mode. The three operational modes are defined by
two bits in the internal HMC6352 Operation Mode register. If the master device sends the “L” command, the current
operational mode control byte in the RAM register is loaded into the internal EEPROM register and becomes the default
operational mode on the next power-up. The application environment of the HMC6352 will dictate the most suitable
operational mode.
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HMC6352
Standby Mode: (Operational Mode=0) This is the factory default mode. The HMC6352 waits for master device
commands or change in operational mode. Receiving an “A” command (get data) will make the HMC6352 perform a
measurement of sensors (magnetometers), compute the compensated magnetometer and heading data, and wait for the
next read or command. No new measurements are done until another “A” command is sent. This mode is useful to get
data on demand or at random intervals as long as the application can withstand the time delay in getting the data.
Query Mode: (Operational Mode=1) In this mode the internal processor waits for “A” commands (get data), makes the
measurements and computations, and waits for the next read command to output the data. After each read command, the
HMC6352 automatically performs another get data routine and updates the data registers. This mode is designed to get
data on demand without repeating “A” commands, and with the master device controlling the timing and data throughput.
The tradeoff in this mode is the previous query latency for the advantage of an immediate read of data.
The above two modes are the most power conserving readout modes.
Continuous Mode: (Operational Mode=2) The HMC6352 performs continuous sensor measurements and data
computations at selectable rates of 1Hz, 5Hz, 10Hz, or 20Hz, and updates the output data bytes. Subsequent “A”
commands are un-necessary unless re-synchronization to the command is desired. Data reads automatically get the most
recent updates. This mode is useful for data demanding applications.
The continuous mode measurement rate is selected by two bits in the operational mode selection byte, along with the
mode selection and the periodic Set/Reset bit. The periodic Set/Reset function performs a re-alignment of the sensors
magnetic domains in case of sensor perming (magnetic upset event), operating temperature shifts, and normal thermal
agitation of the domains. Exposure of the HMC6352 to magnetic fields above 20 gauss (disturbing field threshold) leads to
possible measurement inaccuracy or “stuck” sensor readings until the set/reset function is performed. With the periodic
Set/Reset bit set, the set/reset function occurs every few minutes.
Operational Mode Control Byte Syntax
As described above, the HMC6352 operation mode, measurement rate, and periodic set/reset are selected and stored
both in a processor RAM register and in EEPROM. Upon power-up the EEPROM will transfer the saved operational mode
control byte into register address 74(hex). The following is the byte format:
Bit 7 =0
Bits 6 and 5 (Continuous Mode Measurement Rate)
Bit 6
Bit 5
Description
0
0
1 Hz Measurement Rate
0
1
5 Hz Measurement Rate
1
0
10 Hz Measurement Rate
1
1
20 Hz Measurement Rate
Bit 4 (Periodic Set/Reset), 0 = Off, 1 = On
Bit 3 = 0
Bit 2 = 0
Bits 1 and 0 (Operational Mode Value)
Bit 1
Bit 0
Description
0
0
Standby Mode
0
1
Query Mode
1
0
Continuous Mode
1
1
Not Allowed
The total bit format for the Operational Mode Byte is shown below:
Bit 7 (MSB)
0
6
Bit 6
M. Rate_H
Bit 5
M. Rate_L
Bit 4
Per. S/R
Bit 3
0
Bit 2
0
Bit 1
Op Mode_H
Bit 0 (LSB)
Op Mode_L
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HMC6352
Output Data Modes
The read response bytes after an “A” command, will cause the HMC6352 will return two bytes with binary formatted data.
Either heading or magnetometer data can be retrieved depending on the output data selection byte value. Negative
signed magnetometer data will be returned in two’s complement form. This output data control byte is located in RAM
register location 4E(hex) and defaults to value zero (heading) at power up.
The following is the byte format:
Bits 7 through 3 = 0
Bits 0, 1, 2 (Output Mode Value)
Bit 2
Bit 1
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
Bit 0
0
1
0
1
0
Description
Heading Mode
Raw Magnetometer X Mode
Raw Magnetometer Y Mode
Magnetometer X Mode
Magnetometer Y Mode
The total bit format for the Output Mode Byte is shown below:
Bit 7 (MSB)
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
0
0
0
0
Bit 3
0
Bit 2
Mode
Bit 1
Mode
Bit 0 (LSB)
Mode
Heading Mode: The heading output data will be the value in tenths of degrees from zero to 3599 and provided in binary
format over the two bytes.
Raw Magnetometer Modes: These X and Y raw magnetometer data readings are the internal sensor values measured
at the output of amplifiers A and B respectively and are 10-bit 2’s complement binary ADC counts of the analog voltages
at pins CA1 and CB1. The leading 6-bits on the MSB are zero filled or complemented for negative values. The zero count
value will be about half of the supply voltage. If measurement averaging is implemented, the most significant bits may
contain values of the summed readings.
Magnetometer Modes: These X and Y magnetometer data readings are the raw magnetometer readings plus offset and
scaling factors applied. The data format is the same as the raw magnetometer data. These compensated data values
come from the calibration routine factors plus additional offset factors provided by the set/reset routine.
User Calibration
The HMC6352 provides a user calibration routine with the “C” command permitting entry into the calibration mode and the
“E” command to exit the calibration mode. Once in calibration mode, the user is requested to rotate the compass on a flat
surface at least one full circular rotation while the HMC6352 collects several readings per second at various headings with
the emphasis on rotation smoothness to gather uniformly spaced readings. Optimally two rotations over 20 seconds
duration would provide an accurate calibration. The calibration time window is recommended to be from 6 seconds up to
3 minutes depending on the end user’s platform.
The calibration routine collects these readings to correct for hard-iron distortions of the earth’s magnetic field. These hardiron effects are due to magnetized materials nearby the HMC6352 part that in a fixed position with respect to the end user
platform. An example would be the magnetized chassis or engine block of a vehicle in which the compass is mounted
onto. Upon exiting the calibration mode, the resulting magnetometer offsets and scaling factors are updated
2
I C Slave Address
2
The I C slave address byte consists of the 7 most significant bits with the least siginificant bit zero filled. A described
2
earlier, the default (factory) value is 42(hex) and the legal I C bounded values are between 10(hex) and F6(hex). This
slave address is written into EEPROM address 00(hex) and changed on the power up.
Magnetometer Offsets
The Magnetometer Offset bytes are the values stored after the completion of the last factory or user calibration routine.
Additional value changes are possible, but will be overwritten when the next calibration routine is completed. Note that
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HMC6352
these offset values are added to the sensor offset values computed by the set/reset routine to convert the raw
magnetometer data to the compensated magnetometer data. These values are written into EEPROM addresses 01(hex)
to 04 (hex) and loaded to RAM on the power up. These offsets are in ADC counts applied to the 10-bit ADC raw
magnetometer data. Most offset MSB values will likely be zero filled or complemented.
Time Delay
The EEPROM time delay byte is the binary value of the number of milliseconds from the time a measurement request was
commanded and the time the actual measurements are made. The default value is 01(hex) for no delay. Extra
measurement delays maybe desired to allow for amplifier stabilization from immediate HMC6352 power-up or for external
filter capacitor selection that limits the bandwidth and time response of the amplifier stages. This value is written into
EEPROM address 05(hex) and loaded to RAM on the power up.
Measurement Summing
This EEPROM summed measurement byte permits designers/users to back average or data smooth the output data
(heading, magnetometer values) to reduce the amount of jitter in the data presentation. The default value is 04(hex) which
is four measurements summed. A value of 00(hex) would be no summing. Up to 16 sets of magnetometer data may be
selected for averaging. This slave address is written into EEPROM address 06(hex) and loaded to RAM on the power up.
Software Version
This EEPROM software version number byte contains the binary value of the programmed software. Values of 01(hex)
and beyond are considered production software.
Timing Requirements
Table 3 contains the time delays required by HMC6352 upon receipt of the command to either perform the commanded
2
task or to have the response available on the I C bus.
Table 3 – Interface Command Delays
Command Byte
ASCII (hex)
w (77)
r (72)
G (47)
g (67)
S (53)
W (57)
O (4F)
C (43)
E (45)
L (4C)
A (41)
Description
Write to EEPROM
Read from EEPROM
Write to RAM Register
Read from RAM Register
Enter Sleep Mode (Sleep)
Exit Sleep Mode (Wakeup)
Update Bridge Offsets (S/R Now)
Enter User Calibration Mode
Exit User Calibration Mode
Save Op Mode to EEPROM
Get Data. Compensate and Calculate New Heading
Time Delay (µsec)
70
70
70
70
10
100
6000
10
14000
125
6000
Command and Operation Mode Interactions
All commands are accepted in the standby mode. Honeywell strongly recommends using this mode during the initial setup
stage. Setting up of the HMC6352 operation mode and its slave address are typical set up examples. Although execution
of all commands in the Query and Continuous Modes is acceptable, the completion outcome is not guaranteed.
Q: How to Read Data from HMC6352?
A:
In Standby Mode - Use “A” command.
In Query Mode - Send 43(hex) slave address to read data and clock out the two register data bytes for heading.
An initial “A” command is needed to update the heading after each read.
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HMC6352
In Continuous Mode - Send 43(hex) slave address to read data and clock out the register data bytes for heading.
The “A” command is not allowed or required.
Waveform Examples
Example 1: This example shows how to read a single byte from the HMC6352. The Slave (HMC6352) continues to hold
the SDA line low after the acknowledge (ACK) bit because the first bit of the data byte is a zero. Remember that the data
read is last command sensitive.
SDA
SCL
M_SDA
S_SDA
43(hex)
Read From This I2C Address
55(hex)
Data
Example 2: This example shows how to read two bytes from the HMC6352 (slave). The slave continues to hold the SDA
line low after the acknowledge bit because the first bit of the data bytes is zero.
SDA
SCL
M_SDA
S_SDA
43(hex)
Read From This I2C Address
55(hex)
Data
00(hex)
Data
Example 3: This example shows how to command HMC6352 to read a RAM register by sending the “g” command and
the register address 7F(hex). Note that this example does not show the process of reading the answer. See example 1
for reading a byte.
SDA
SCL
M_SDA
S_SDA
42(hex)
Write to This I2C Address
“g”
Command
7F(hex)
Register 7F
Example 4: This example shows how to write to a RAM register in the HMC6352 by sending the “G” command, the
register address 7F(hex), and the data byte 55(hex) to the HMC6352 slave.
SDA
SCL
M_SDA
S_SDA
42(hex)
Write to This I2C Address
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“G”
Command
7F(hex)
Register 7F
55(hex)
Data
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HMC6352
Example 5: The final example shows how to read RAM register 7F(hex). First perform a write operation to command the
HMC6352 to read a RAM register and define which register to read (Example 3). The sensor puts the answer in the data
buffer. Then perform a read operation to clock out the answer (Example 1). There is a Stop/Start event in between the
write operation and the read operation. This example is just a combination of Examples 3 and 1, but it is provided to show
that reading a register involves both a write and a read operation.
STOP
START
SDA
SCL
M_SDA
S_SDA
42(hex)
“g”
Write to This I2C Address Command
7F(hex)
Register 7F
43(hex)
Read From This
I2C Address
55(hex)
Data
APPLICATION NOTES
The HMC6352 Integrated Compass Sensor circuit is composed of two magneto-resistive (MR) sensors with orthogonal
orientation for sensing the horizontal components of the earth’s magnetic field (0 to 630 milli-gauss), plus two amplifiers, a
set/reset drive circuit, and a microprocessor (µP). Best accuracy is obtained in clean magnetic environments (free air) and
held level, or perpendicular to the gravitational direction. At worst case, each degree of tilt from a level orientation could
add two degrees of compass heading error. Magnetic errors can be introduced if operated near strong magnetic sources
such as microphone or speaker magnets, transformers in test equipment, and CRT deflection yokes in video
displays/monitors. These magnetic errors can typically be reduced or eliminated by performing the calibration routine.
When locating the HMC6352 in dense printed circuit board designs, take precautions in location of this magnetic field
sensing device for soft-iron effects that bend the earth’s magnetic field. These soft -iron effects are from ferrous materials
without residual magnetization and tend to be items like nickel-plating on SMT component contacts and RFI/EMI shielding
materials. The amount of stand-off of the HMC6352 from these soft-irons is heuristic and dependant on the amount of
material, material shape, and proximity.
A user calibration mode is available in the HMC6352 to diminish hard-iron effects of the end-user’s (customer’s) location
of the product. Hard-iron effects come from nearby ferrous materials with residual magnetism that buck or boost the
intensity of the earth’s magnetic field, leading to heading errors. Such hard-iron effects come from vehicle chassis,
speaker magnets, and high current conductors or circuit traces.
PCB PAD DEFINITION
(Dimensions in Millimeters)
The HMC6352 is a fine pitch LCC package with a 0.80mm pin pitch (spacing), with the pin pads defined as 0.70mm by
0.33mm in size. PCB pads are recommended to be oversized by 0.025mm from each pad for a short dimension oversize
of 0.05mm. The interior PCB pad is recommended to be 0.05mm oversized per pin with an exterior oversize of 0.20mm
for proper package centering and to permit test probing. Lead finish is SnAgCu.
Soldering attachment shall be done by SMT lead-free reflow methods with standard preheating, soaking, reflow, and
cooling profiles for large body parts. Caution, excessive temperature exposure beyond the profiles may result in internal
damage to the HMC6352 circuits.
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HMC6352
24
1
TOP VIEW
5.00
6.90
0.80
0.38
MECHANICAL DIMENSIONS
(In millimeters)
D
A
E
e
E1
e
Dimension
D
D1
E
E1
e
A
Minimum
1.37
Nominal
6.50 BSC
4.00 BSC
6.50 BSC
4.00 BSC
0.8 Basic
1.52
Maximum
1.67
D1
SOLDERING GUIDELINES
Most LCC packages have no special requirements beyond normal procedures for attaching SMT components to printed
circuit boards. The exception to this process is the Honeywell HMC6352 that has a FR4 substrate package with epoxy top
encapsulation.
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HMC6352
If the HMC6352 is stored in an uncontrolled humidity environment (>10% RH) beyond one week, a 24-hour bakeout
period should be implemented before solder reflow. This bakeout should be in accordance with JEDEC J-STD-033A at
125°C for MSL3 devices.
Three heating zones are defined in SMT reflow soldering process; the preheating zone, the soaking zone, and the reflow
zone. The preheating zone includes the soaking zone, and nominally ranges from 2 to 4 minutes depending on
temperature rise to arrive in the 160°C to 180°C soaking plateau to active the flux and remove any remaining moisture in
the assembly. Preheat rise times must not exceed 3°C per second to avoid moisture and mechanical stresses that result
in “popcorning” the package encapsulation.
The soaking zone is a one to two minute temperature stabilization time to bring the all the PCB assembly to an even
temperature. Typically this zone has a 0.5 to 0.6°C rise in temperature heading towards the main reflow heating elements.
The reflow zone is 30 to 90 second bump in temperature over the 180°C point to reflow the screened solder paste before
a gradual cooling. The peak temperature is typically in the 230°C to 240°C range.
It should be noted that lead-free solders tend to require higher peak reflow temperatures and longer reflow times. Cooling
zone temperature fall should decrease not more than 6°C per second to avoid mechanical stresses in the PCB assembly.
REFERENCE DESIGN
The schematic diagram in Figure 1 shows the basic HMC6352 application circuit with a minimum of external components.
2
From Figure 1, the host microprocessor (µP) controls the HMC6352 via I C serial data interface lines for data (SDA) and
clock (SCL). Two external 10k-ohm pull-up resistors to the nominal +3 volt DC supply create normally high logic states
when the interface lines are not in use. The host initiates use of the interface by creating the 100 kHz clock and pulling low
the data line to indicate the start condition. The data line logic state transitions are only allowed during the clock low states
and require the data line to be stable in the high states, with the exception of the start and stop conditions.
Figure 1
Reference Design Schematic
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HMC6352
The 0.01µF supply decoupling capacitor in this reference can be omitted if another supply filter capacitor is already
included in the overall circuit design. If the supply traces extend beyond a couple inches to the HMC6352, it is advisable
to add a local supply decoupling capacitor near the HMC6352 to retain optimum circuit stability.
2
Additional masters and slaves can be added to the I C bus traces without interface trouble to the HMC6352. There are no
periodic maintenance commands required, and even HMC6352 sleep mode or power shutdown can be accomplished
without harm to the data or clock lines.
The MCP100 power-up reset chip serves as supply brown-out protection, and is optional in usage. Solid and rapid power
supply rise times are recommended, as some bench supplies may create soft starts that can cause internal processor
clock delays and timing issues. A mechanical on/off switch between the supply and the circuits will cure these kinds of
starting concerns.
Amplifier Filter Connections
The HMC6352 design has provisions for the feedback loop of each amplifier stage to be accessible via the CA1, CA2,
CB1, and CB2 pin contacts. Across the contacts and internal to the HMC6352 is the amplifier section plus a 1200k-ohm
feedback resistance to set the voltage gain. By placing small value ceramic capacitors across CA1 to CA2 (or CB1 to
CB2), the designer can set the –3dB bandwidth of the amplified magnetometer signals to drop spurious magnetic
interference in the system. For example a 120 pico-Farad capacitor (Cext) in the amplifier feedback loop would limit the
bandwidth to about 1kHz. Be aware that larger values of capacitance begin to slow the amplifier response to where the
measurement delay time EEPROM byte may have to be increased in value to let the signal settle before making a
measurement. Figure 2 shows the partial schematic of the amplifier feedback loop.
Figure 2
Amplifier Filter Connections
An optional gain reducing resistor (Rext) could also place across the feedback loop of the amplifier stages. With the
amplifier set with the internal 1200 k-ohm feedback for ±750 milli-gauss maximum magnetic field flux density, a second
1200k-ohm external resistor would halve the gain and permit ±1.5 gauss capability if desired. Gain can be reduced for up
to ± 6 gauss capability for magnetometry -only applications or compassing with significant magnetic stray fields nearby.
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13
HMC6352
ORDERING INFORMATION
Ordering Number
Product
HMC6352
HMC6352 T/R
Digital Compass Solution, I2C
Tape and Reel with 1k pieces/reel
FIND OUT MORE
For more information on Honeywell’s Magnetic Sensors visit us online at www.magneticsensors.com or contact us at
800-323-8295 (763-954-2474 internationally).
The application circuits herein constitute typical usage and interface of Honeyw ell product. Honeywell does not warranty or assume liability of customerdesigned circuits derived from this description or depiction.
Honeywell reserves the right to make changes to improve reliability, function or design. Honeywell does not assume any liability arising out of the
application or use of any product or circuit described herein; neither does it convey any license under its patent rights nor the rights of others.
U.S. Patents 4,441,072, 4,533,872, 4,569,742, 4,681,812, 4,847,584 and 6,529,114 apply to the technology described
Honeywell
12001 Highway 55
Plymouth, MN 55441
Tel: 800-323-8295
www.honeywell.com/magneticsensors
14
Form #900307 Rev E
February 2009
©2009 Honeywell International Inc.
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