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USACE / NAVFAC / AFCEC / NASA UFGS-26 42 19.00 20 (April 2006)

---------------------------------

Preparing Activity: NAVFAC Replacing without change

UFGS-13111N (August 2001)

UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS

References are in agreement with UMRL dated January 2016

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SECTION TABLE OF CONTENTS

DIVISION 26 - ELECTRICAL

SECTION 26 42 19.00 20

CATHODIC PROTECTION BY IMPRESSED CURRENT

04/06

PART 1 GENERAL

1.1 REFERENCES

1.2 Related Requirements

1.3 SUBMITTALS

1.4 SERVICES OF CORROSION ENGINEER

PART 2 PRODUCTS

2.1 ANODES

2.1.1 High-Silicon Chromium Bearing Cast Iron

2.1.2 Graphite

2.1.3 Mixed Metal Oxide Anodes

2.1.3.1 Conductive Material

2.1.3.2 Anode Life Test

2.1.3.3 Adhesion or Bond Strength Test

2.1.4 Anode Lead Wires

2.1.5 Attachment of Anode Lead Wire

2.1.5.1 End Connected Anode

2.1.5.2 Center Connected Anode

2.1.5.3 Mixed Metal Oxide Anode Lead Wires

2.1.6 Anode Backfill

2.1.7 Gravel

2.1.8 Anode Centering Device for Deep Anode Ground Beds

2.1.9 Deep Anode Ground Bed Casing

2.2 ANODE VENT PIPE

2.3 RECTIFIERS

2.3.1 Transformer

2.3.2 Electrical Ratings

2.3.3 Rectifier Stacks

2.3.4 Enclosure

2.3.5 Oil Immersed Enclosures

2.3.6 Overload and Short Circuit Protection

2.3.7 D.C. Output Control

2.3.8 Output Voltage and Current Metering

2.3.9 Surge Protection

SECTION 26 42 19.00 20 Page 1

2.3.10 Efficiency

2.3.11 Grounding Provisions

2.3.12 Shunt Resistors

2.3.13 Wiring Diagram

2.3.14 Rectifier Replacement/Spare Parts List

2.4 CONDUIT AND CABLE FOR POWER SERVICE AT 600 VOLTS OR LESS

2.4.1 Conduit

2.4.2 Cable and Wire Other Than Anode Lead Wires

2.4.2.1 AC Power Supply Wiring

2.4.2.2 Rectifier DC Negative (Structure) Cable(s)

2.4.2.3 Rectifier DC Positive (Anode) Header Cable(s)

2.4.2.4 Continuity Bond Cables

2.4.3 Cable and Wire Identification Tags

2.4.4 Wire Connectors

2.4.5 Insulating Tape

2.4.6 Underground Splices

2.4.7 Buried Cable Warning and Identification Tape

2.5 ANODE JUNCTION BOXES AND TEST STATIONS

2.5.1 Flush Mounted Type

2.5.2 Post Top Mounted Type

2.5.3 Wall Mounted Type

2.5.4 Terminal Boards

2.5.5 Shunt Resistors

2.5.6 Pavement Insert

2.5.7 Cast-In-Place Concrete

2.6 INSULATING FLANGE SETS

2.6.1 Gaskets

2.6.2 Insulating Washers and Sleeves

2.6.3 Washers

2.7 DIELECTRIC UNIONS

2.8 BONDING AND GROUNDING EQUIPMENT

2.9 ELECTRICAL INSULATING COATINGS

2.10 CONCRETE RECTIFIER PAD

2.10.1 Concrete

2.11 RECTIFIER MOUNTING POST

2.12 CASING INSULATORS AND SEALS

2.13 PERMANENT REFERENCE ELECTRODES

2.14 STEEL FLANGES AND BOLTING

2.14.1 Steel Flanges

2.14.2 Bolting

2.15 EXOTHERMIC WELD KITS

PART 3 EXECUTION

3.1 ANODE INSTALLATION

3.1.1 Anodes and Lead Wires

3.1.1.1 Vertical Anodes

3.1.1.2 Horizontal Anodes

3.1.1.3 Deep Well Anode Ground beds

3.1.2 Wire-To-Structure Connections

3.1.2.1 Safety Precautions Around Fuel Facilities

3.1.3 Rectifiers

3.1.4 Test Stations [and Permanent Reference Electrodes]

3.1.4.1 Permanent Reference Electrode Calibration and Installation

3.1.5 Bonding Boxes

3.1.6 Insulating Flange Sets

3.1.7 Dielectric Unions

3.1.8 Joint Bonds

3.1.9 Casings, Insulation, and Seals

SECTION 26 42 19.00 20 Page 2

3.1.10 Reconditioning of Surfaces

3.1.10.1 Restoration of Sod

3.1.10.2 Restoration of Pavement

3.2 FIELD QUALITY CONTROL

3.2.1 Testing

3.2.1.1 Destructive Testing

3.2.1.2 Wire for Power Service

3.2.1.3 Initial Cathodic Protection System Field Testing

3.2.1.4 Initial Cathodic Protection System Field Test Report

3.2.1.5 Government Field Testing

3.2.1.6 One Year Warranty Period Testing

3.2.1.7 Final Field Testing

3.2.2 Criteria for Cathodic Protection

3.3 DEMONSTRATION

3.3.1 Instructing Government Personnel

3.4 SCHEDULE

-- End of Section Table of Contents --

SECTION 26 42 19.00 20 Page 3

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USACE / NAVFAC / AFCEC / NASA UFGS-26 42 19.00 20 (April 2006)

---------------------------------

Preparing Activity: NAVFAC Replacing without change

UFGS-13111N (August 2001)

UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS

References are in agreement with UMRL dated January 2016

**************************************************************************

SECTION 26 42 19.00 20

CATHODIC PROTECTION BY IMPRESSED CURRENT

04/06

**************************************************************************

NOTE: This guide specification covers the requirements for underground piping and buried or submerged structure cathodic protection systems using impressed current systems.

Adhere to UFC 1-300-02 Unified Facilities Guide

Specifications (UFGS) Format Standard when editing this guide specification or preparing new project specification sections. Edit this guide specification for project specific requirements by adding, deleting, or revising text. For bracketed items, choose applicable items(s) or insert appropriate information.

Remove information and requirements not required in respective project, whether or not brackets are present.

Comments, suggestions and recommended changes for this guide specification are welcome and should be

submitted as a Criteria Change Request (CCR).

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NOTE: The requirements for the cathodic protection systems should be determined by a corrosion engineer following the criteria, design, and installation recommendations included in the National Association of Corrosion Engineers (NACE) Standard SP0169,

Control of External Corrosion on Underground or

Submerged Metallic Piping Systems and others listed in the specification.

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NOTE: The following information should be on the drawings:

1. Locations of the subject pipe or structure and all crossing and nearby underground pipes and structures.

SECTION 26 42 19.00 20 Page 4

2. Locations of all anodes, rectifiers, power sources and test stations.

3. Locations of all insulating flanges and unions.

4. Installation details of anodes, rectifiers and bond cables.

5. Locations of nearby cathodic protection systems.

6. Electrical single-line diagrams, elevations, limiting dimensions, and equipment ratings which are not covered in the specification.

7. Remote indicating or control requirements.

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PART 1 GENERAL

1.1 REFERENCES

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NOTE: This paragraph is used to list the publications cited in the text of the guide specification. The publications are referred to in the text by basic designation only and listed in this paragraph by organization, designation, date, and title.

Use the Reference Wizard's Check Reference feature when you add a RID outside of the Section's

Reference Article to automatically place the reference in the Reference Article. Also use the

Reference Wizard's Check Reference feature to update the issue dates.

References not used in the text will automatically be deleted from this section of the project specification when you choose to reconcile references in the publish print process.

**************************************************************************

The publications listed below form a part of this specification to the extent referenced. The publications are referred to within the text by the basic designation only.

ASME B1.1

ASME INTERNATIONAL (ASME)

(2003; R 2008) Unified Inch Screw Threads

(UN and UNR Thread Form)

ASME B1.20.1

ASME B16.21

ASME B16.25

(2013) Pipe Threads, General Purpose (Inch)

(2011) Nonmetallic Flat Gaskets for Pipe

Flanges

(2012) Standard for Buttwelding Ends

SECTION 26 42 19.00 20 Page 5

NACE INTERNATIONAL (NACE)

NACE SP0169 (2013) Control of External Corrosion on

Underground or Submerged Metallic Piping

Systems

NACE SP0285

NACE SP0572

(2011) External Corrosion Control of

Underground Storage Tank Systems by

Cathodic Protection

(2001; R 2007) Design, Installation,

Operation and Maintenance of Impressed

Current Deep Anode Beds

NATIONAL ELECTRICAL MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION (NEMA)

ANSI C119.1

(2011) Electric Connectors - Sealed

Insulated Underground Connector Systems

Rated 600 Volts

NEMA ICS 6

NEMA RN 1

NEMA ST 1

(1993; R 2011) Enclosures

(2005; R 2013) Polyvinyl-Chloride (PVC)

Externally Coated Galvanized Rigid Steel

Conduit and Intermediate Metal Conduit

(1988; R 1994; R 1997) Specialty

Transformers (Except General Purpose Type)

NEMA TC 2 (2013) Standard for Electrical Polyvinyl

Chloride (PVC) Conduit

NATIONAL FIRE PROTECTION ASSOCIATION (NFPA)

NFPA 70 (2014; AMD 1 2013; Errata 1 2013; AMD 2

2013; Errata 2 2013; AMD 3 2014; Errata

3-4 2014; AMD 4-6 2014) National

Electrical Code

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE (DOD)

MIL-I-1361 (1985; Rev C; Notice 1 1991) Instrument

Auxiliaries, Electrical Measuring:

Shunts, Resistors and Transformers

UL 44

UL 467

UL 486A-486B

UL 489

UNDERWRITERS LABORATORIES (UL)

(2014; Reprint Feb 2015)

Thermoset-Insulated Wires and Cables

(2007) Grounding and Bonding Equipment

(2013; Reprint Feb 2014) Wire Connectors

UL 506

(2013; Reprint Mar 2014) Molded-Case

Circuit Breakers, Molded-Case Switches, and Circuit-Breaker Enclosures

(2008; Reprint Oct 2013) Specialty

SECTION 26 42 19.00 20 Page 7

NACE INTERNATIONAL (NACE)

NACE SP0169 (2013) Control of External Corrosion on

Underground or Submerged Metallic Piping

Systems

NACE SP0285

NACE SP0572

(2011) External Corrosion Control of

Underground Storage Tank Systems by

Cathodic Protection

(2001; R 2007) Design, Installation,

Operation and Maintenance of Impressed

Current Deep Anode Beds

NATIONAL ELECTRICAL MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION (NEMA)

ANSI C119.1

(2011) Electric Connectors - Sealed

Insulated Underground Connector Systems

Rated 600 Volts

NEMA ICS 6

NEMA RN 1

NEMA ST 1

(1993; R 2011) Enclosures

(2005; R 2013) Polyvinyl-Chloride (PVC)

Externally Coated Galvanized Rigid Steel

Conduit and Intermediate Metal Conduit

(1988; R 1994; R 1997) Specialty

Transformers (Except General Purpose Type)

NEMA TC 2 (2013) Standard for Electrical Polyvinyl

Chloride (PVC) Conduit

NATIONAL FIRE PROTECTION ASSOCIATION (NFPA)

NFPA 70 (2014; AMD 1 2013; Errata 1 2013; AMD 2

2013; Errata 2 2013; AMD 3 2014; Errata

3-4 2014; AMD 4-6 2014) National

Electrical Code

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE (DOD)

MIL-I-1361 (1985; Rev C; Notice 1 1991) Instrument

Auxiliaries, Electrical Measuring:

Shunts, Resistors and Transformers

UL 44

UL 467

UL 486A-486B

UL 489

UNDERWRITERS LABORATORIES (UL)

(2014; Reprint Feb 2015)

Thermoset-Insulated Wires and Cables

(2007) Grounding and Bonding Equipment

(2013; Reprint Feb 2014) Wire Connectors

UL 506

(2013; Reprint Mar 2014) Molded-Case

Circuit Breakers, Molded-Case Switches, and Circuit-Breaker Enclosures

(2008; Reprint Oct 2013) Specialty

SECTION 26 42 19.00 20 Page 7

UL 510

UL 514A

UL 514B

UL 6

UL 83

UL 854

Transformers

(2005; Reprint Jul 2013) Polyvinyl

Chloride, Polyethylene and Rubber

Insulating Tape

(2013) Metallic Outlet Boxes

(2012; Reprint Nov 2014) Conduit, Tubing and Cable Fittings

(2007; Reprint Nov 2014) Electrical Rigid

Metal Conduit-Steel

(2014) Thermoplastic-Insulated Wires and

Cables

(2004; Reprint Nov 2014) Standard for

Service-Entrance Cables

[1.2 Related Requirements

Sections 26 00 00.00 20 BASIC ELECTRICAL MATERIALS AND METHODS, [33 71 02

UNDERGROUND ELECTRICAL DISTRIBUTION], and, [26 20 00 INTERIOR DISTRIBUTION

SYSTEM], apply to this section except as modified herein.

]1.3 SUBMITTALS

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NOTE: Review Submittal Description (SD) definitions in Section 01 33 00 SUBMITTAL PROCEDURES and edit the following list to reflect only the submittals required for the project.

The Guide Specification technical editors have designated those items that require Government approval, due to their complexity or criticality, with a "G". Generally, other submittal items can be reviewed by the Contractor's Quality Control

System. Only add a “G” to an item, if the submittal is sufficiently important or complex in context of the project.

For submittals requiring Government approval on Army projects, a code of up to three characters within the submittal tags may be used following the "G" designation to indicate the approving authority.

Codes for Army projects using the Resident

Management System (RMS) are: "AE" for

Architect-Engineer; "DO" for District Office

(Engineering Division or other organization in the

District Office); "AO" for Area Office; "RO" for

Resident Office; and "PO" for Project Office. Codes following the "G" typically are not used for Navy,

Air Force, and NASA projects.

An "S" following a submittal item indicates that the submittal is required for the Sustainability

Notebook to fulfill federally mandated sustainable

SECTION 26 42 19.00 20 Page 8

requirements in accordance with Section 01 33 29

SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING.

Choose the first bracketed item for Navy, Air Force and NASA projects, or choose the second bracketed item for Army projects.

**************************************************************************

Government approval is required for submittals with a "G" designation; submittals not having a "G" designation are [for Contractor Quality Control approval.][for information only. When used, a designation following the

"G" designation identifies the office that will review the submittal for the Government.] Submittals with an "S" are for inclusion in the

Sustainability Notebook, in conformance to Section 01 33 29 SUSTAINABILITY

REPORTING. Submit the following in accordance with Section 01 33 00

SUBMITTAL PROCEDURES:

SD-02 Shop Drawings

Rectifiers

Insulating flange sets

Anode installation

Test stations

Bonding boxes

Anode junction boxes

Anode vent pipe

Joint bonds

SD-03 Product Data

Rectifiers; G[, [_____]]

Cable and wire; G[, [_____]]

Insulating flange sets

Dielectric unions

Anodes; G[, [_____]]

Test stations

Anode junction boxes

Anode vent pipe; G[, [_____]]

Casing insulators and seals

Reference electrodes; G[, [_____]]

Shunt resistors

SECTION 26 42 19.00 20 Page 9

Anode backfill; G[, [_____]]

Bonding boxes

SD-07 Certificates

Qualifications of Corrosion Engineer; G[, [_____]]

SD-10 Operation and Maintenance Data

Cathodic protection system, Data Package 5; G[, [_____]]

Rectifier replacement/spare parts list, Data Package 5; G[,

[_____]]

Submit in accordance with Section 01 78 23 OPERATION AND

MAINTENANCE DATA.

SD-11 Closeout Submittals

Initial Cathodic Protection System Field Test Report; G[, [_____]]

One Year Warranty Period Cathodic Protection System Field Test

Report; G[, [_____]]

Final Cathodic Protection System Field Test Report; G[, [_____]]

1.4 SERVICES OF CORROSION ENGINEER

The Contractor shall obtain the services of a Corrosion Engineer to supervise, inspect and test the installation of the cathodic protection system(s). Corrosion Engineer refers to a registered professional engineer with certification or licensing that includes education and experience in cathodic protection of buried or submerged metal structures, or a person certified by the National Association or Corrosion Engineers at the level of Corrosion Specialist or Cathodic Protection Specialist. Such a person shall have not less than [three] [five] [_____] years experience in the cathodic protection of underground [storage tanks] or submerged structures. The contractor shall submit evidence of the qualifications of corrosion engineer to the Contracting Officer for review and approval.

PART 2 PRODUCTS

2.1 ANODES

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NOTE: The chemical compositions listed are examples only. The actual compositions required shall be determined to provide adequate and economical service.

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*

NOTE: Options for anode materials include

"High-Silicon Chromium Bearing Cast Iron,"

"Graphite," and "Mixed Metal Oxide Coated" anodes.

Selection of material should be based upon the conditions and operating parameters for the intended

SECTION 26 42 19.00 20 Page 10

use. Precious metal or other anode materials, packaging or connections may also be appropriate for use, as determined by the engineer. These materials, packaging, or connections must also be submitted for approval in accordance with

"Submittals Procedures."

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[2.1.1 High-Silicon Chromium Bearing Cast Iron

[ASTM A518/A518M], Grade 3. [Chemical composition as follows:

Carbon

Manganese

Silicon

Chromium

Copper

Molybdenum

Iron

0.70 to 1.10 percent

1.5 percent maximum

14.20 to 14.75 percent

3.25 to 5.00 percent

0.50 percent maximum

0.20 percent maximum

Remainder

Anode dimensions: [_____] by [_____] mm inches. [Centrifugally cast tubular anodes with uniform wall thickness, [_____] mm inches long, [_____] mm inches outer diameter, [_____] square meter feet surface area, and

[_____] kg lb bare anode weight.]]

][2.1.2 Graphite

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NOTE: Maximum allowable current densities for anode surface area are as follows; Seawater: 40.37 amps per square meter 3.75 amps per square foot, Fresh water: 2.69 amps per square meter 0.25 amps per square foot, and Soil (anode placed in backfill):

10.76 amps per square meter 1.0 amps per square foot.

**************************************************************************

Chemical composition as follows:

Impregnant

Ash

Moisture & Volatiles

Water Soluble Matter

6.5 percent maximum

1.5 percent maximum

0.5 percent maximum

1.0 percent maximum

SECTION 26 42 19.00 20 Page 11

[pad] mounting. Enclosure shall include hinged door with [padlock hasp]

[key lock, provide [three] [_____] keys]. [Enclosure locks shall be keyed alike.] Fit enclosure with screened openings to provide for cooling by natural convection. Provide holes, conduit knockouts and threaded hubs of sufficient size and location. The cabinet and mounting support shall be

[painted] [hot-dipped galvanized] [stainless] steel [according to the manufacturer's standards].

][2.3.5 Oil Immersed Enclosures

Provide enclosures of 11-gage steel or heavier, with an accessible drain plug. The oil level shall be clearly marked. Provide a hinged lid with quick release clamps to secure it in a closed position. Provide a compressive, oil resistant, positive sealing gasket. Base mounting shall have 100 mm 4 inch high channels. Provide an internal terminal board and connections above oil level for monitoring and adjustment. The cabinet and mounting support shall be [painted] [hot-dipped galvanized] [stainless] steel [according to the manufacturer's standards].

]2.3.6 Overload and Short Circuit Protection

UL 489, Molded case circuit breaker, [magnetic] [thermal-magnetic] type.

2.3.7 D.C. Output Control

**************************************************************************

NOTE: A minimum of five coarse and five fine taps is recommended to provide sufficient voltage adjustment. Variacs should not be used where subjected to corrosive or marine air atmospheres.

**************************************************************************

D.C. output voltage shall be adjustable. Transformer taps, [5] [_____] coarse, [[5] [_____] fine.] [Variac.] [_____].

2.3.8 Output Voltage and Current Metering

Provide separate panel voltmeter and ammeter, not less than 63.5 mm 2 1/2 inch [rectangular] [round], two percent full scale accuracy [at 30 degrees C

80 degrees F, temperature stability above and below 30 degrees C 80 degrees F of at least one percent per 5 degrees C 10 degrees F]. Provide an

"ON-OFF" toggle switch for each meter.

2.3.9 Surge Protection

Protect silicon diodes by use of AC and DC lightning arresters or metal oxide varistors against overvoltage surges and by current-limiting device against overcurrent surges.

2.3.10 Efficiency

Overall efficiency of [65 percent] [90 percent] [_____] minimum when operated at full output.

2.3.11 Grounding Provisions

NFPA 70 and UL 467 including a grounding terminal in the cabinet. Grounding conductor from terminal to earth grounding system shall be solid or stranded copper not smaller than No. 6 AWG. Earth grounding system shall

SECTION 26 42 19.00 20 Page 16

consist of one or more [copper] [copper clad steel] rods. Ground rods shall be a minimum of 2435 mm 8 feet long.

2.3.12 Shunt Resistors

MIL-I-1361. Resistors shall be located on the rectifier front panel and clearly marked with current and voltage for verification of panel ammeter.

2.3.13 Wiring Diagram

Provide complete wiring diagram of the power unit showing both A.C. supply and D.C. connections to anodes on the inside of the cabinet door. Show and label components.

2.3.14 Rectifier Replacement/Spare Parts List

Provide identification and coverage for all parts of each component, assembly, and accessory of the items subject to replacement in accordance with Section 01 78 23 OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE DATA.

2.4 CONDUIT AND CABLE FOR POWER SERVICE AT 600 VOLTS OR LESS

2.4.1 Conduit

[UL 6, rigid galvanized steel] [Outlet boxes: UL 514A and, Fittings:

UL 514B, threaded hubs.] [Metallic conduit and fittings to be polyvinylchloride coated in accordance with NEMA RN 1, Type A40.] [NEMA TC 2,

Type EPC-40-PVC.]

2.4.2 Cable and Wire Other Than Anode Lead Wires

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NOTE: Type THW insulation can only be obtained in large quantity. Use of this type insulation is not recommended for small project.

**************************************************************************

Copper conductors conforming to ASTM B3 and ASTM B8. Wires terminating at a rectifier, junction box, or test station shall have cable identification tags. Refer to the paragraph entitled "Anode Lead Wires" [_____] for anode lead wires.

2.4.2.1 AC Power Supply Wiring

[UL 83, Type [THW] [THWN] [TW]] [UL 44, Type RHW,] [UL 854, Type USE], stranded [solid] copper conductors, gage (AWG) as indicated.

2.4.2.2 Rectifier DC Negative (Structure) Cable(s)

ASTM D1248, High Molecular Weight Polyethylene (HMWPE) insulation, stranded copper conductors, gage (AWG) as indicated.

[2.4.2.3 Rectifier DC Positive (Anode) Header Cable(s)

ASTM D1248, High Molecular Weight Polyethylene (HMWPE) insulation, stranded copper conductors, gage (AWG) as indicated. Refer to the paragraph entitled "Anode Lead Wires" [_____] for anode lead wires.

SECTION 26 42 19.00 20 Page 17

Structure lead wire:

Sodium sulfate: white red

]

2.5.5 Shunt Resistors

[MIL-I-1361.] [0.01] [_____] ohm, [6] [_____] ampere, accuracy plus or minus one percent, [manganin wire] [_____] type.

2.5.6 Pavement Insert

Pavement insert shall be a non-metallic flush type test station without terminal board, and shall allow a copper-copper sulfate reference electrode to contact the electrolyte beneath the pavement surface. [Provide traffic valve box capable of withstanding [H-20] [_____] traffic loads.]

2.5.7 Cast-In-Place Concrete

Flush mount type test stations, bonding boxes, and anode junction boxes shall be centered in a 460 by 460 by 102 mm 18 by 18 by 4 inch concrete slab. Concrete shall be 20 Mpa 3000 psi minimum ultimate 28-day compressive strength with 25 mm 1-inch minimum aggregate conforming to [

ASTM C94/C94M] [Section 03 30 00 CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE].

2.6 INSULATING FLANGE SETS

**************************************************************************

NOTE: On projects having piping installed by

DIVISION 2, SITE WORK and/or DIVISION 15,

MECHANICAL, coordinate the requirements for flanges and unions with the appropriate section(s).

**************************************************************************

Provide full-faced gaskets, insulating sleeves and washers, and steel washers. Provide flange sets rated for operation at the rated pressure and temperature of the flanges.

2.6.1 Gaskets

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NOTE: Do not use asbestos materials.

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ASME B16.21. [Neoprene faced phenolic] [Laminated phenolic] material for operations at [862] [_____] kPa [125] [_____] psi and [232] [_____] degrees

C [450] [_____] degrees F.

2.6.2 Insulating Washers and Sleeves

Two sets 3 mm 1/8 inch [laminated phenolic] [_____] for operation at [232]

[_____] degrees C [450] [_____] degrees F. Insulating washers shall fit within the bolt facing on the flange over the outside of the fabric reinforced sleeves.

SECTION 26 42 19.00 20 Page 20

2.6.3 Washers

Steel, cadmium plated, to fit within the bolt facing on the flange.

2.7 DIELECTRIC UNIONS

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NOTE: On projects having piping installed by

DIVISION 2, SITE WORK and/or DIVISION 15,

MECHANICAL, coordinate the requirements for flanges and unions with the appropriate section(s).

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ASME B16.39, Class [1] [2] for dimensional, strength, and pressure requirements. Insulation barrier shall limit galvanic current to one percent of the short-circuit current in a corresponding metallic joint.

Provide insulating material impervious to [water] [oil] [gas].

2.8 BONDING AND GROUNDING EQUIPMENT

UL 467.

2.9 ELECTRICAL INSULATING COATINGS

[Heat-shrinkable tape] [Conformable water tight sealant having dielectric strength not less than 15 kV for a 3 mm 1/8 inch thick layer].

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Rectifiers shall be pad or post mounted.

Select the appropriate paragraph.

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[2.10 CONCRETE RECTIFIER PAD

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Provide detail on the drawings.

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Dimensions, conduit locations, and anchor bolt location [as indicated] [in accordance with] the manufacturer's drawings for the equipment furnished.

2.10.1 Concrete

20.67 MPa 3000 psi concrete conforming to [ASTM C94/C94M] [Section 03 30 00

CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE.]

][2.11 RECTIFIER MOUNTING POST

[Galvanized steel pipe, Schedule [40] [80]], [wood post, full length pressure treated with pentachlorophenol].

]2.12 CASING INSULATORS AND SEALS

Casing insulators shall have a minimum [305] [_____] mm [12] [_____] inch band width, [constructed of heat fused plastic coated steel] [_____] and multi-segmented to attach firmly around the pipe. Casing end seals shall be S-shaped rubber seals with stainless steel straps.

SECTION 26 42 19.00 20 Page 21

[pad] mounting. Enclosure shall include hinged door with [padlock hasp]

[key lock, provide [three] [_____] keys]. [Enclosure locks shall be keyed alike.] Fit enclosure with screened openings to provide for cooling by natural convection. Provide holes, conduit knockouts and threaded hubs of sufficient size and location. The cabinet and mounting support shall be

[painted] [hot-dipped galvanized] [stainless] steel [according to the manufacturer's standards].

][2.3.5 Oil Immersed Enclosures

Provide enclosures of 11-gage steel or heavier, with an accessible drain plug. The oil level shall be clearly marked. Provide a hinged lid with quick release clamps to secure it in a closed position. Provide a compressive, oil resistant, positive sealing gasket. Base mounting shall have 100 mm 4 inch high channels. Provide an internal terminal board and connections above oil level for monitoring and adjustment. The cabinet and mounting support shall be [painted] [hot-dipped galvanized] [stainless] steel [according to the manufacturer's standards].

]2.3.6 Overload and Short Circuit Protection

UL 489, Molded case circuit breaker, [magnetic] [thermal-magnetic] type.

2.3.7 D.C. Output Control

**************************************************************************

NOTE: A minimum of five coarse and five fine taps is recommended to provide sufficient voltage adjustment. Variacs should not be used where subjected to corrosive or marine air atmospheres.

**************************************************************************

D.C. output voltage shall be adjustable. Transformer taps, [5] [_____] coarse, [[5] [_____] fine.] [Variac.] [_____].

2.3.8 Output Voltage and Current Metering

Provide separate panel voltmeter and ammeter, not less than 63.5 mm 2 1/2 inch [rectangular] [round], two percent full scale accuracy [at 30 degrees C

80 degrees F, temperature stability above and below 30 degrees C 80 degrees F of at least one percent per 5 degrees C 10 degrees F]. Provide an

"ON-OFF" toggle switch for each meter.

2.3.9 Surge Protection

Protect silicon diodes by use of AC and DC lightning arresters or metal oxide varistors against overvoltage surges and by current-limiting device against overcurrent surges.

2.3.10 Efficiency

Overall efficiency of [65 percent] [90 percent] [_____] minimum when operated at full output.

2.3.11 Grounding Provisions

NFPA 70 and UL 467 including a grounding terminal in the cabinet. Grounding conductor from terminal to earth grounding system shall be solid or stranded copper not smaller than No. 6 AWG. Earth grounding system shall

SECTION 26 42 19.00 20 Page 16

consist of one or more [copper] [copper clad steel] rods. Ground rods shall be a minimum of 2435 mm 8 feet long.

2.3.12 Shunt Resistors

MIL-I-1361. Resistors shall be located on the rectifier front panel and clearly marked with current and voltage for verification of panel ammeter.

2.3.13 Wiring Diagram

Provide complete wiring diagram of the power unit showing both A.C. supply and D.C. connections to anodes on the inside of the cabinet door. Show and label components.

2.3.14 Rectifier Replacement/Spare Parts List

Provide identification and coverage for all parts of each component, assembly, and accessory of the items subject to replacement in accordance with Section 01 78 23 OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE DATA.

2.4 CONDUIT AND CABLE FOR POWER SERVICE AT 600 VOLTS OR LESS

2.4.1 Conduit

[UL 6, rigid galvanized steel] [Outlet boxes: UL 514A and, Fittings:

UL 514B, threaded hubs.] [Metallic conduit and fittings to be polyvinylchloride coated in accordance with NEMA RN 1, Type A40.] [NEMA TC 2,

Type EPC-40-PVC.]

2.4.2 Cable and Wire Other Than Anode Lead Wires

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Type THW insulation can only be obtained in large quantity. Use of this type insulation is not recommended for small project.

**************************************************************************

Copper conductors conforming to ASTM B3 and ASTM B8. Wires terminating at a rectifier, junction box, or test station shall have cable identification tags. Refer to the paragraph entitled "Anode Lead Wires" [_____] for anode lead wires.

2.4.2.1 AC Power Supply Wiring

[UL 83, Type [THW] [THWN] [TW]] [UL 44, Type RHW,] [UL 854, Type USE], stranded [solid] copper conductors, gage (AWG) as indicated.

2.4.2.2 Rectifier DC Negative (Structure) Cable(s)

ASTM D1248, High Molecular Weight Polyethylene (HMWPE) insulation, stranded copper conductors, gage (AWG) as indicated.

[2.4.2.3 Rectifier DC Positive (Anode) Header Cable(s)

ASTM D1248, High Molecular Weight Polyethylene (HMWPE) insulation, stranded copper conductors, gage (AWG) as indicated. Refer to the paragraph entitled "Anode Lead Wires" [_____] for anode lead wires.

SECTION 26 42 19.00 20 Page 17

]2.4.2.4 Continuity Bond Cables

ASTM D1248, High Molecular Weight Polyethylene (HMWPE) insulation, stranded copper conductors, gage (AWG) as indicated. Do not use bare copper wire for joint continuity bonds.

2.4.3 Cable and Wire Identification Tags

[Laminated plastic material with black letters on a yellow background]

[[Brass] [Stainless steel] material with stamped or engraved letters].

Print letters and numbers a minimum of 5 mm 3/16 inch in size. Provide identifier legend [in accordance with the drawings] [_____].

2.4.4 Wire Connectors

[UL 486A-486B.] [Solderless copper crimp connections.] [Exothermic weld.]

2.4.5 Insulating Tape

UL 510.

2.4.6 Underground Splices

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Splices and damaged anode lead wire insulation are a common cause of premature failure.

Splices are not normally allowed except under certain circumstances. If splices are allowed, select the appropriate option.

**************************************************************************

[Splices are not permitted in buried sections of anode header cable.]

Provide splices with a compression connector on the conductors, and insulation and waterproofing using one of the following methods which are suitable for continuous submersion in water and comply with ANSI C119.1.

a. Provide cast-type splice insulation by means of molded casting process employing a thermosetting epoxy resin insulating material applied by a gravity poured method or pressure injected method. Provide component materials of the resin insulation in a packaged form ready for convenient mixing without removing from the package.

Gravity poured method shall employ materials and equipment contained in and approved commercial splicing kit which includes a mold suitable for the cables to be spliced. When the mold is in place around the joined conductors, prepare the resin mix and pour into the mold.

b. Provide [heavy wall] heat shrinkable splice insulation by means of a thermoplastic adhesive sealant material which shall be applied by a clean burning propane gas torch.

2.4.7 Buried Cable Warning and Identification Tape

Polyethylene tape, manufactured for warning and identification of buried cable and conduit. Tape shall be [75] [_____] mm [3] [_____] inches wide,

[Yellow] [_____] in color and read "Caution Buried Cable Below" or similar. Color and lettering shall be permanent and unaffected by moisture or other substances in backfilling.

SECTION 26 42 19.00 20 Page 18

b. Excavation for wire trench. Excavate anode header cable [_____] wire trenches to [the depth indicated] [not less than [455] [610] mm [18]

[24] inches deep], [[150] [_____] mm[16] [_____] inches wide] [width as indicated].

c. Installing anodes. Do not lift or support anode by the lead wire.

Exercise care to preclude damaging the anode and the lead wire insulation. Attach the anode centralizers to the anodes. [Place the vent pipe in the hole as indicated prior to installing the anodes.

Install the anodes in the hole at the depths indicated and supported in place using a method that does not suspend the anodes by the lead wire.] [Strap the [anodes] [anode assembly] to the vent pipe spaced as indicated on the drawings. Lower the anode/vent pipe assembly into the hole.] [Label and coil the excess anode lead wire at the top of the casing].

d. Coke backfill. Pump the coke back fill into the hole through a separate removable tube with the tip at the bottom of the hole.

Pumping operations shall be continuous. Maintain a continuous supply of fluidized coke at the pump suction until coke is filled to the top of the hole. Allow the coke to settle for [24] [_____] hours. Verify the level of coke and provide additional as necessary until the level of coke is not lower than that indicated in the drawings.

e. [Casing. Install well head casing as indicated. Seal the annular space between the casing and earth with cement grout. Seal the top of the anode well as shown on the drawings.] f. Anode well access box. Place the anode well access box around the top of the casing, and pour the concrete slab around the box as indicated.

g. Anode junction box. Install anode junction box as shown in the drawings [prior to pouring the concrete slab].

h. Installing lead wires. Provide anodes with lead wires of sufficient length to extend to the anode junction box without splicing. Splices, or repairs to damaged anode lead wire insulation are not allowed. Mark each of the wires terminating in the junction box. Connect anode lead wires to the appropriate terminals in the anode junction box.

i. Anode header cable. Provide anodes header cable of sufficient length to extend to the anode junction box without splicing. Splices, or repairs to damaged anode header cable wire insulation are not allowed.

Cover the anode header cable trench bottom with a 75 mm 3 inch layer of sand or stone free earth. Center wire on the backfill layer. Handle cable to prevent damage to the cable and insulation, do not stretch or kink the conductor. Place backfill over wire in layers not exceeding

150 mm 6 inches deep, compact each layer thoroughly. Do not place tree roots, wood scrap, vegetable matter and refuse in the backfill.

Connect the anode header cable to the appropriate terminal in the anode junction box.

]3.1.2 Wire-To-Structure Connections

Connect wire to [pipe] [tank] structure [_____] [by use of a exothermic weld kit] [by brazing]. Clean the structure surface by scraping, filing or wire brushing to produce a clean, bright surface. [Weld connections using the exothermic weld kits in accordance with the kit manufacturer's

SECTION 26 42 19.00 20 Page 26

instructions.] Test the integrity of the weld, prior to coating, by striking with a 908 gram two pound hammer. Cover connections and exposed structures with an electrically insulating coating, compatible with existing coating.

3.1.2.1 Safety Precautions Around Fuel Facilities

Contractor shall take proper safety precautions prior to and during welding to live fuel pipelines [tanks]. Contractor shall notify the activity Fuel

Office via the Contracting Officer a minimum of three days before performing exothermic welding to live fuel lines. Exothermic welding shall be conducted with fuel flowing through the pipeline to eliminate vapor spaces within the pipe and to dissipate the heat on the pipe. Exothermic weld charges for connections to fuel lines shall be limited to a maximum 15 gram charge to prevent burning through the pipe wall. Exothermic weld connections shall be spaced a minimum of150 mm 6 inches apart. In the event of an unsuccessful weld, the new weld location shall be located a minimum of 6 inches from the unsuccessful weld and any other existing welds. Contractor shall obtain the services of a certified Marine Chemist or Certified Industrial Hygienist [to monitor the construction site during exothermic welding work and certify that the area is free of flammable vapors and otherwise safe for work.] [to approve the contractor's exothermic welding safety procedures. Results of this consultation shall be included in the Contractor's Daily Report.]

3.1.3 Rectifiers

Location and mounting as indicated. Assemble and attach equipment enclosures to [wall] [post] [pad] in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Handle wires to prevent stretching or kinking the conductors or damaging the insulation. Use lubricants when pulling wires into conduits. Bond the equipment enclosures to a grounding electrode.

3.1.4 Test Stations [and Permanent Reference Electrodes]

Locate test stations [and permanent reference electrodes] [as indicated.] as follows: a. At [305] [_____] meters [1000] [_____] foot intervals.

b. At insulating joints.

c. At both ends of casings.

d. Where the pipe crosses any other metal pipes.

e. Where the pipe connects to an existing old piping system not under cathodic protection.

f. Where the pipe connects to a dissimilar metal pipe.

Do not fill the bottom of the test station with concrete unless otherwise specified. Do not place rubbish, scrap or other debris into the test station.

3.1.4.1 Permanent Reference Electrode Calibration and Installation

Provide [prepackaged] [copper copper-sulfate] [silver-silver chloride]

[zinc] reference electrode(s) as indicated in the drawings. Prior to

SECTION 26 42 19.00 20 Page 27

2.6.3 Washers

Steel, cadmium plated, to fit within the bolt facing on the flange.

2.7 DIELECTRIC UNIONS

**************************************************************************

NOTE: On projects having piping installed by

DIVISION 2, SITE WORK and/or DIVISION 15,

MECHANICAL, coordinate the requirements for flanges and unions with the appropriate section(s).

**************************************************************************

ASME B16.39, Class [1] [2] for dimensional, strength, and pressure requirements. Insulation barrier shall limit galvanic current to one percent of the short-circuit current in a corresponding metallic joint.

Provide insulating material impervious to [water] [oil] [gas].

2.8 BONDING AND GROUNDING EQUIPMENT

UL 467.

2.9 ELECTRICAL INSULATING COATINGS

[Heat-shrinkable tape] [Conformable water tight sealant having dielectric strength not less than 15 kV for a 3 mm 1/8 inch thick layer].

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Rectifiers shall be pad or post mounted.

Select the appropriate paragraph.

**************************************************************************

[2.10 CONCRETE RECTIFIER PAD

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Provide detail on the drawings.

**************************************************************************

Dimensions, conduit locations, and anchor bolt location [as indicated] [in accordance with] the manufacturer's drawings for the equipment furnished.

2.10.1 Concrete

20.67 MPa 3000 psi concrete conforming to [ASTM C94/C94M] [Section 03 30 00

CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE.]

][2.11 RECTIFIER MOUNTING POST

[Galvanized steel pipe, Schedule [40] [80]], [wood post, full length pressure treated with pentachlorophenol].

]2.12 CASING INSULATORS AND SEALS

Casing insulators shall have a minimum [305] [_____] mm [12] [_____] inch band width, [constructed of heat fused plastic coated steel] [_____] and multi-segmented to attach firmly around the pipe. Casing end seals shall be S-shaped rubber seals with stainless steel straps.

SECTION 26 42 19.00 20 Page 21

2.13 PERMANENT REFERENCE ELECTRODES

Permanent reference electrodes shall be [copper copper-sulfate] [silver silver-chloride] [zinc] specifically manufactured for [underground]

[marine] use, [31.75] [_____] mm [1 1/4] [_____] inch diameter, by [255]

[_____] mm [10] [_____] inches long, [plastic [_____] tube with an ion trap to minimize contamination of the cell] [, and a minimum surface sensing area of [_____] square centimeters[_____] square inches]. [The cell shall be prepackaged by the manufacturer with a backfill material as recommended by the manufacturer.] Provide cells with No. [10] [12] [_____] AWG, [THHN]

[_____] cable of sufficient length to extend to the [test station]

[junction box] without splicing. Reference electrodes shall have a minimum

15 year life, stability of plus or minus 5 millivolts under 3 microamp load, and an initial accuracy of plus or minus 10 millivolts referenced to a calibrated portable reference electrode.

2.14 STEEL FLANGES AND BOLTING

2.14.1 Steel Flanges

ASME B16.5 [667.5] [1335] [_____] N [150] [300] [_____] lb.

2.14.2 Bolting

ASTM A307, Grade B for bolts: ASTM A194/A194M, Grade 2 for nuts.

Dimensions ASME B18.2.1 for bolts, ASME B18.2.2 for nuts. Threads:

ASME B1.1, Class 2A fit for bolts, Class 2B fit for nuts. Bolts shall extend completely through the nuts and may have reduced shanks of a diameter not less than the diameter at the roof of the threads.

2.15 EXOTHERMIC WELD KITS

Exothermic weld kits specifically designed by the manufacturer for welding the types of materials and shapes provided.

PART 3 EXECUTION

3.1 ANODE INSTALLATION

[IEEE C2] [NFPA 70].

3.1.1 Anodes and Lead Wires

Provide anodes and lead wires as follows [and in accordance with NACE SP0572

].

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Select the applicable paragraph(s) from the following dependent upon selection of vertical or horizontal anodes. Deep well anode beds may also be used. Designer shall select anode and installation procedures for specific site. Provide detail on the drawings.

**************************************************************************

[3.1.1.1 Vertical Anodes a. Excavation for anodes: Excavate hole to [a minimum 75 mm 3 inches larger than the packaged anode diameter.] [the diameter indicated.] [

SECTION 26 42 19.00 20 Page 22

1220 mm4 feet deeper than the anode length.] [the depth indicated.] b. Excavation for wire trench: Excavate lead [and main feeder] wire trenches to [the depth indicated] [not less than [455] [610] mm[18]

[24] inches deep], [[150] [_____] mm[6] [_____] inches wide] [width as indicated].

c. Lifting anodes: Do not lift or support anode by the lead wire.

Exercise care to preclude damaging the anode and the lead wire insulation.

d. Installing anodes: [Place 305 mm 12 inches of coke breeze in the hole and tamp well. Center the anode in the hole and place 305 mm 12 inches of additional coke breeze and tamp well taking care not to strike and damage the anode lead wire. Repeat sequence until coke breeze is 305 mm

12 inches above the anode.] [Center the canister anode in the hole.

Completely fill the annular space between the canister and the wall of the hole with a slurry of stone free earth.] [Place a vent pipe vertically above the anode. Cut the pipe to sufficient length to extend from 75 mm 3 inches within the coke breeze to 75 mm 3 inches below finish grade. Place gravel around the vent pipe to a level 150 mm

6 inches below finish grade.] Fill the remaining excavation with soil and tamp.

e. Installing lead wires: Provide anodes with lead wires of sufficient length to extend to the anode junction box without splicing. Cover the lead [and main feeder] wire trench bottom with a 75 mm 3 inch layer of sand or stone free earth. Center wire on the backfill layer. Handle to eliminate damage to the cable and insulation, do not stretch or kink the conductor. Place backfill over wire in layers not exceeding 150 mm

6 inches deep, compact each layer thoroughly. Do not place tree roots, wood scrap, vegetable matter and refuse in the backfill.

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Splices and damaged anode lead wire insulation are a common cause of premature failure.

Splices are not normally allowed except under certain circumstances. If splices are allowed, select the "Anode lead to main feeder connections" option.

**************************************************************************

f. Splices not allowed: Splices, or repairs to damaged anode lead wire insulation are not allowed. Install anode lead wires back to the anode junction box as indicated in the drawings. [Anode lead to main feeder connections: Make connections as follows:

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Choose one of the following options.

**************************************************************************

[(1) Remove insulation to expose approximately 50 mm 2 inches of each conductor.

(2) Make connection between conductors using solderless crimp connector or exothermic weld.

(3) Cover connection with uncured butyl rubber tape to provide filler wrap.

SECTION 26 42 19.00 20 Page 23

(4) Apply four layers of half-lapped neoprene tape, extend the tape over the cable insulation.

(5) Apply two layers of half-lapped pressure sensitive polyethylene or polyvinyl chloride tape.]

[(1) Remove insulation to expose approximately 50 mm 2 inches of each conductor.

(2) Make connection between conductors using solderless crimp connector or exothermic weld.

(3) Cover connection with pre-manufactured splice kit.]] g. Anode junction box. Mark each of the wires terminating in the junction box. Install anode junction box as shown in the drawings [prior to pouring the concrete slab].

h. Installing lead wires. Connect anode lead wires to the appropriate terminals in the anode junction box.

][3.1.1.2 Horizontal Anodes a. Excavation for anodes: Excavate anode trenches to [the depth indicated,

610 mm two feet longer than the anode, 305 mm one foot wide] [the depth, length, and width indicated].

b. Excavation for wire trench: Excavate lead [and main feeder] wire trenches to [the depth indicated] [not less than [455] [610] mm [18]

[24] inches deep], [[150] [_____] mm[6] [_____] inches wide] [width as indicated].

c. Lifting anodes: Do not lift or support anode by the lead wire.

Exercise care to preclude damaging the anode and the lead wire insulation.

d. Installing anodes: Place [100] [_____] mm [4] [_____] inches of coke breeze in the anode trench and tamp well. Center the anode in the trench and cover with coke breeze to provide a minimum [100] [_____] mm

[4] [_____] inch cover over the anode. Tamp the coke breeze firm taking care not to strike and damage the anode lead wire. [Place a vent pipe vertically above the anode. Cut the pipe to sufficient length to extend from 75 mm 3 inches within the coke breeze to 75 mm 3 inchesbelow finish grade. Place gravel around the vent pipe to a level

150 mm 6 inches below finish grade.] Fill the remaining excavation with soil and tamp.

e. Installing lead wires: Provide anodes with lead wires of sufficient length to extend to the anode junction box without splicing. Cover the lead [and main feeder] wire trench bottom with a 75 mm 3 inch layer of sand or stone free earth. Center wire on the backfill layer. Handle to prevent damage to the cable and insulation, do not stretch or kink the conductor. Place backfill over wire in layers not exceeding 150 mm

6 inches deep, compacting each layer thoroughly. Do not place tree roots, wood scrap, vegetable matter, and refuse in the backfill. Place cable warning tape, within [455] [_____] mm [18] [_____] inches of finished grade, above buried cable and conduit.

SECTION 26 42 19.00 20 Page 24

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Splices and damaged anode lead wire insulation are a common cause of premature failure.

Splices are not normally allowed except under certain circumstances. If splices are allowed, select the "Anode lead to main feeder connections" option.

**************************************************************************

f. Splices not allowed: Splices, or repairs to damaged anode lead wire insulation are not allowed. Install anode lead wires back to the anode junction box as indicated in the drawings. [Anode lead to main feeder connections: Make connectors as follows:

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Choose one of the following options.

**************************************************************************

[(1) Remove insulation to expose approximately 50 mm 2 inches of each conductor.

(2) Make connection between conductors using solderless crimp connector or exothermic weld.

(3) Cover connection with uncured butyl rubber type to provide filler wrap.

(4) Apply four layers of half-lapped neoprene tape, extend the tape over the cable insulation.

(5) Apply two layers of half-lapped pressure sensitive polyethylene or polyvinyl chloride tape.]

[(1) Remove insulation to expose approximately 50 mm 2 inches of each conductor.

(2) Make connection between conductors using solderless crimp connector or exothermic weld.

(3) Cover connection with pre-manufactured splice kit.]] g. Anode junction box. Mark each of the wires terminating in the junction box. Install anode junction box as shown in the drawings [prior to pouring the concrete slab].

h. Installing lead wires. Connect anode lead wires to the appropriate terminals in the anode junction box.

][3.1.1.3 Deep Well Anode Ground beds a. Drilling of anode well. Drilling of the anode well shall be accomplished by a qualified well driller. Submit documentation of experience to the Contracting Officer. Drill a hole [254] [305]

[_____] mm [10] [12] [_____] inches in diameter to the depth indicated using rotary bit equipment designed specifically for this purpose.

Select the type and consistency of drilling fluids to be consistent with soil characteristics. The use of temporary well casings may be necessary. Remove all temporary casings upon completion of the installation.

SECTION 26 42 19.00 20 Page 25

Products b. Terminal Board

(phenolic plastic) thickness

-- End of Section --

English Units Metric Units

1/8 inch

1/4 inch

3 mm

6 mm

SECTION 26 42 19.00 20 Page 35

instructions.] Test the integrity of the weld, prior to coating, by striking with a 908 gram two pound hammer. Cover connections and exposed structures with an electrically insulating coating, compatible with existing coating.

3.1.2.1 Safety Precautions Around Fuel Facilities

Contractor shall take proper safety precautions prior to and during welding to live fuel pipelines [tanks]. Contractor shall notify the activity Fuel

Office via the Contracting Officer a minimum of three days before performing exothermic welding to live fuel lines. Exothermic welding shall be conducted with fuel flowing through the pipeline to eliminate vapor spaces within the pipe and to dissipate the heat on the pipe. Exothermic weld charges for connections to fuel lines shall be limited to a maximum 15 gram charge to prevent burning through the pipe wall. Exothermic weld connections shall be spaced a minimum of150 mm 6 inches apart. In the event of an unsuccessful weld, the new weld location shall be located a minimum of 6 inches from the unsuccessful weld and any other existing welds. Contractor shall obtain the services of a certified Marine Chemist or Certified Industrial Hygienist [to monitor the construction site during exothermic welding work and certify that the area is free of flammable vapors and otherwise safe for work.] [to approve the contractor's exothermic welding safety procedures. Results of this consultation shall be included in the Contractor's Daily Report.]

3.1.3 Rectifiers

Location and mounting as indicated. Assemble and attach equipment enclosures to [wall] [post] [pad] in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Handle wires to prevent stretching or kinking the conductors or damaging the insulation. Use lubricants when pulling wires into conduits. Bond the equipment enclosures to a grounding electrode.

3.1.4 Test Stations [and Permanent Reference Electrodes]

Locate test stations [and permanent reference electrodes] [as indicated.] as follows: a. At [305] [_____] meters [1000] [_____] foot intervals.

b. At insulating joints.

c. At both ends of casings.

d. Where the pipe crosses any other metal pipes.

e. Where the pipe connects to an existing old piping system not under cathodic protection.

f. Where the pipe connects to a dissimilar metal pipe.

Do not fill the bottom of the test station with concrete unless otherwise specified. Do not place rubbish, scrap or other debris into the test station.

3.1.4.1 Permanent Reference Electrode Calibration and Installation

Provide [prepackaged] [copper copper-sulfate] [silver-silver chloride]

[zinc] reference electrode(s) as indicated in the drawings. Prior to

SECTION 26 42 19.00 20 Page 27

installation, soak the [prepackaged] reference electrode in a container of potable water for 30 minutes. Do not use seawater [except for silver-silver chloride electrodes intended for use in seawater]. Calibrate the permanent reference electrode in the presence of the contracting officer or his approved representative by measuring the potential difference between the permanent reference electrode and an independent

(portable) calibrated reference electrode placed in the water adjacent to the permanent reference electrode. [Potential differences between the two electrodes of the same generic type should not exceed [10] [15] millivolts when the [sensing windows of the] two electrodes being compared are not more than 2 mm 1/6 inch apart but not touching.] [Zinc permanent reference electrodes should be within the range of minus 1000 to minus 1150 millivolts when calibrated with an independent (portable) calibrated copper-copper sulfate reference electrode with the two electrodes being not more than 2 mm 1/6 inch apart but not touching.] Permanent reference electrodes not within these potential differences shall be removed from the construction site by the end of the day and replaced at the contractor's expense. [Prior to completely backfilling over reference electrodes, again verify the accuracy of the reference electrode.] The testing provision shall also apply to replacement reference electrodes as well.

3.1.5 Bonding Boxes

Provide structure bonding boxes in locations [as indicated] [where the protected structure crosses or comes into close proximity to other metal structures that are unprotected or protected by its own electrically isolated cathodic protection system(s)].

3.1.6 Insulating Flange Sets

[Provide insulating flange sets aboveground or within manholes as indicated.] [Locate insulating flanges on lines entering buildings at least

305 mm 12 inches above grade or floor level.] [Cut piping and provide flanges into place. Carefully align flange bolt holes and weld flange to pipe in accordance with ASME B16.25.] [Electrically isolate pipelines entering buildings from the structure wall either below or above ground with an electrically isolating wall sleeve.] Provide insulating flange sets into place without springing or forcing. Carefully install flange bolt sleeves to avoid damage to the sleeves. [Cover insulating flanges with an electrically insulating coating.]

3.1.7 Dielectric Unions

Provide insulating unions aboveground or within manholes as indicated.

[Cut pipe ends square, remove fins and burrs, cut taper pipe threads in accordance with ASME B1.20.1.] Work piping into place without springing or forcing. Apply joint compound or thread tape to male threads only.

Backing off to permit alignment of threaded joints shall not be permitted.

Engage threads so that not more than three threads remain exposed.

3.1.8 Joint Bonds

Provide joint bonds on metallic pipe to and across buried flexible couplings, mechanical joints, flanged joints [except at places where insulating joints are specified] and at joints not welded or threaded to provide electrical continuity. Conform to the safety precautions of paragraph [_____] when welding around fuel facilities. Check and verify adherence of the bond to the substrate for mechanical integrity by striking the weld with a 908 gram 2 pound hammer.

SECTION 26 42 19.00 20 Page 28

3.1.9 Casings, Insulation, and Seals

Where the pipeline is installed in a casing under a roadway or railway, insulate the pipeline from the casing, and seal the annular space against intrusion of water.

3.1.10 Reconditioning of Surfaces

**************************************************************************

NOTE: On projects having site work provided by

DIVISION 2, coordinate the requirements for reconditioning of surfaces with the appropriate section(s).

**************************************************************************

3.1.10.1 Restoration of Sod

Restore unpaved surfaces disturbed during the installation of anodes and wires to their original elevation and condition. Preserve sod and topsoil carefully and replace after the backfilling is completed. Where the surface is disturbed in a newly seeded area, re-seed the area with the same quality and formula of seed as that used in the original seeding.

3.1.10.2 Restoration of Pavement

Patch pavement, sidewalks, curbs and gutters where existing surfaces are removed for construction. Saw cut pavement edges. Graded aggregate base course shall have a maximum aggregate size of 35 mm 1 1/2 inches. Prime base course with [liquid asphalt, ASTM D2028/D2028M, Grade RC-70] [_____] prior to paving. Match base course thickness to existing but shall not be less than 150 mm 6 inches. Asphalt aggregate size shall be 12.7 mm 1/2 inch, asphalt cement shall [conform to ASTM D3381/D3381M, Grade AR-2000]

[_____]. Match asphalt concrete thickness to existing but shall not be less than 50 mm 2 inches. Repair portland cement concrete pavement, sidewalks, curbs, and gutters using 20.67 MPa 3,000 psi concrete conforming to [ASTM C94/C94M] [Section 03 30 00 CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE]. Match existing pavement, sidewalk, curb, and gutter thicknesses.

3.2 FIELD QUALITY CONTROL

Field tests shall be witnessed by the Contracting Officer or his designated representative. Advise the Contracting Officer [5] [_____] days prior to performing each field test. Quality control for the cathodic protection system shall consist of the following: a. Initial field testing by the contractor upon construction.

b. Government Field Testing after Contractor initial field test report submission.

c. Warranty period field testing by the Contractor.

d. Final field testing by the contractor after one year of service.

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Additional testing may be required, based upon the specific project or design. All tests listed below may not be required. Designer should

SECTION 26 42 19.00 20 Page 29

consider the project requirements for selection of test procedures.

**************************************************************************

3.2.1 Testing

3.2.1.1 Destructive Testing

Contractor shall perform the tests in the presence of the Contracting

Officer. Contractor shall include the cost of an additional anode [of each different type] with the longest lead wire for the destructive test in his bid. One completed [prepackaged] anode of each type with lead wires shall be chosen at random for destructive testing and shall be submitted to a static pull test. Anode lead wire connections of anodes shall have sufficient strength to withstand a minimum tensile load of [1335] [_____] N

[300] [_____] pounds. [The anode shall also be cut into sections and/or broken with a sledge hammer to verify conformance with this specification.

Such items as anode-to-wire connection, complete encapsulation of the wire connector, and wire to anode electrical resistance shall be checked.]

[Failure of the test anode to conform to this specification can be cause for rejecting all anodes from the same lot as the test anode. The contractor shall mark all rejected anodes on the ends with a 150 mm 6 inches

high "X" using yellow spray paint. Failed anodes shall be removed from the job site by the end of the day. The contractor shall replace any rejected anodes at his expense. The destructive testing provision shall also apply to replacement anodes as well.]

3.2.1.2 Wire for Power Service

Test wire for power service at 600 volts or less to determine that the wiring system and equipment are free from short circuits and grounds [by a minimum of two megohms]. Perform the test with a megohm meter having a

500-volt rating.

3.2.1.3 Initial Cathodic Protection System Field Testing

The systems shall be tested and inspected by the Contractor's corrosion engineer in the presence of the Contracting Officer's corrosion protection engineer or an approved representative. Record test data, including date, time, and locations of testing and submit report to the Contracting

Officer. Contractor shall correct, at his expense, all deficiencies in the materials and installation observed by these tests and inspections.

Contractor shall pay for retests made necessary by the corrections.

Testing shall include the following measurements: a. Base potential tests: At least [one week] [24 hours] [_____] after

[backfilling of the pipe] [installation of the structure to be protected] [initial operation of structures containing fluids] [_____] , but before energizing of the cathodic protection system, measure the base (native) [structure-to-electrolyte] [pipe-to-soil] potentials of the [pipe [and the casings]] [structure]. Perform measurements at anode junction boxes, test stations and other locations suitable for test purposes (such as service risers or valves) at intervals not exceeding [30] [122] [_____] meters [100] [400] [_____] feet with readings at each end point and the midpoint as a minimum. The locations of these measurements shall be identical to the locations specified for measuring energized [structure-to-electrolyte] potentials. Use the same measuring equipment that is specified for measuring protected potential measurements.

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[For underground storage tanks, take a minimum of three measurements with the reference electrode located as follows:

(1) Directly over the longitudinal and transverse centerlines of the tank at intervals not exceeding the diameter of the tank and to a distance from the tank of two times the tank diameter.

(2) At points directly around the circumference of the tank.] b. Permanent reference electrode calibration: Verify calibration of the reference electrode by measuring the potential difference between the permanent reference electrode and an independent (portable) calibrated reference electrode placed in the soil or water adjacent to or as close as practicable to the permanent reference electrode. [Potential differences between the two electrodes of the same generic type should not exceed [10] [15] millivolts.] [Zinc permanent reference electrodes should be within the range of minus 1000 to minus 1150 millivolts when calibrated with a copper-copper sulfate reference electrode.]

Permanent reference electrodes not within these potential differences shall be removed from the construction site by the end of the day and replaced at the contractor's expense. The testing provision shall also apply to replacement reference electrodes as well.

c. Insulation joint testing: Perform insulation testing at each insulating joint or fitting [prior to burying the joint or fitting] before and after the cathodic protection system is energized. Before energizing, test using an insulation checker. After energizing, test the insulation by measuring the potential shift on both sides of the insulating joint. This testing shall demonstrate that no metallic contact or short circuit exists between the two insulated sections of the pipe. Report and repair defective insulating fitting at the

Contractor's expense.

d. Electrical continuity testing: Perform electrical continuity testing for joint bonded pipe prior to backfilling of the pipe. [Circulate current through the pipe and compare the measured resistance to the theoretical resistance of the pipe and bond cables. The resistance measured shall not exceed 150 percent of the theoretical resistance.] e. Rectifier system testing: Upon completion of the installation,

"Baseline Potential Tests", "Insulation Joint Tests", and "Electrical

Continuity Tests", energize and adjust each rectifier. Measure D.C. outputs of the rectifier and current outputs [of each anode] [of associated ground bed] at different rectifier settings. Measure the current outputs across the installed shunts. Verify these readings using portable, calibrated meters and shunts. This testing shall demonstrate if the rectifier system is capable of functioning properly as required to provide effective cathodic protection.

f. Pipe casing testing: Before final acceptance of the installation, test the electrical insulation of the carrier pipe from casings and correct any short circuits.

g. Energized potential tests: With the entire cathodic protection system put into operation for at least [one week] [24 hours] [_____], measure pipe-to-soil potentials along the [pipeline [and at all casings]]

[structure] using a portable [copper/copper sulfate] [silver silver-chloride] [and all permanent] reference electrode(s) and a

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voltmeter having an input impedance of not less than 10 megohms. The locations of these measurements shall be identical to the locations used for the base potential measurements.

h. Interference testing: Perform interference testing with respect to any crossing and nearby foreign pipelines in cooperation with the owner of the related pipelines. The testing shall verify that the subject cathodic protection system does not have a deleterious effect on the foreign pipelines, and vice versa. Prepare a full report of the tests, giving all details including remedial actions taken or recommendations to correct noted interference problems.

3.2.1.4 Initial Cathodic Protection System Field Test Report

The contractor shall submit a field test report of the cathodic protection system. All structure-to-electrolyte measurements, including initial potentials and anode outputs, shall be recorded on applicable forms.

Identification of test locations, test station and anode test stations shall coordinate with the as-built drawings and be provided on system drawings included in the report. The contractor shall locate, correct, and report to the Contracting Officer any short circuits encountered during the checkout of the installed cathodic protection system.

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NOTE: The requirements of paragraph entitled

"Government Field Testing" are required for cathodic protection projects in the NAVFAC LANT area. The designer should verify their applicability to projects outside the NAVFAC LANT area with the appropriate EFD corrosion program manager.

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3.2.1.5 Government Field Testing

The government corrosion [engineer, NAVFAC LANT Code 404] [program manager,

NAVFAC LANT Code 1614C] shall review the Contractor's initial field testing report. Approximately four weeks after receipt of the Contractor's initial test report, the system will be tested and inspected in the Contractor's presence by the government corrosion [engineer, NAVFAC LANT Code 404]

[program manager, NAVFAC LANT Code 1614C]. The Contractor shall correct, at his expense, materials and installations observed by these tests and inspections to not be in conformance with the plans and specifications.

The Contractor shall pay for all retesting done by the government engineer made necessary by the correction of deficiencies.

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NOTE: For cathodic protection projects in the

NAVFAC LANT area, select the appropriate NAVFAC

LANT6 options for paragraphs entitled "One Year

Warranty Period Testing" and "Final Field Testing."

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3.2.1.6 One Year Warranty Period Testing

The Contractor shall inspect, test, and adjust the cathodic protection system [quarterly] [semi-annually] [_____] for one year, [4] [2] [_____] interim inspections total, to ensure its continued conformance with the criteria outlined below. The performance period for these tests shall

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commence upon the completion of all cathodic protection work, including changes required to correct deficiencies identified during initial testing, and preliminary acceptance of the cathodic protection system by the

Contracting Officer. Copies of the One Year Warranty Period Cathodic

Protection System Field Test Report, including field data, and certified by the Contractor's corrosion engineer shall be submitted to the Contracting

Officer, the activity, and the geographic Engineering Field Division corrosion [protection program manager] [engineer, NAVFAC LANT Code 404]

[protection program manager, NAVFAC LANT Code 1614C].

3.2.1.7 Final Field Testing

Conduct final field testing of the cathodic protection system utilizing the same procedures specified under, "Initial Field Testing of the Galvanic

Cathodic Protection Systems". The Contractor shall inspect, test, and adjust the cathodic protection system after one year of operation to ensure its continued conformance with the criteria outlined below. The performance period for these tests shall commence upon the completion of all cathodic protection work, including changes required to correct deficiencies identified during initial testing, and preliminary acceptance of the cathodic protection system by the Contracting Officer. Copies of the Final Cathodic Protection System Field Test Report, certified by the

Contractor's corrosion engineer shall be submitted to the Contracting

Officer and the geographic Engineering Field Division corrosion [protection program manager] [engineer, NAVFAC LANT Code 404] [protection program manager, NAVFAC LANT Code 1614C] for approval, and as an attachment to the operation and maintenance manual in accordance with Section 01 78 23

OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE DATA.

3.2.2 Criteria for Cathodic Protection

Conduct in accordance with [NACE SP0169] [NACE SP0285]. Criteria for determining the adequacy of protection shall be selected by the corrosion engineer as applicable:

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NOTE: The following criteria are applicable only to iron and steel structures. Refer to NACE SP0169 for appropriate criteria for other metal structures.

Not all criteria may be readily applicable to the type of CP system(s) being designed, and the designer should select only the applicable criteria.

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a. A negative voltage of at least 0.85 volt (850 millivolts) as measured between the structure surface and a saturated copper-copper sulfate reference electrode contacting the earth [electrolyte]. Determination of this voltage is to be made with the protective current applied to the [structure] [tank] [pipeline] for a minimum of [24] [_____] hours.

Voltage drops must be considered for valid interpretation of this voltage measurement. The method of voltage drop consideration shall be identified by the Contractor's corrosion engineer and approved by the

Government corrosion engineer.

b. A negative polarized potential of at least 0.85 volt (850 millivolts) as measured between the structure surface and a saturated copper-copper sulfate reference electrode contacting the earth [electrolyte].

Determination of this voltage is to be made after the protective current has been applied to the [structure] [tank] [pipeline] for a

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minimum of [24] [_____] hours.

c. A minimum polarization voltage shift of 100 mV measured between the structure surface and a saturated copper-copper sulfate reference electrode contacting the earth [electrolyte]. This voltage shift shall be determined by interrupting the protective current and measuring the polarization decay. At the instant the protective current is interrupted ("instant off"), an immediate voltage shift will occur.

The voltage reading just after the immediate shift shall be used as the base reading from which to measure the polarization decay. The polarization decay shall be the difference between the base reading and a voltage measurement made [24] [48] [_____] hours after the interruption of protective current.

3.3 DEMONSTRATION

3.3.1 Instructing Government Personnel

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NOTE: There are restrictions on the type and extent of training. Training is usually on-site, 2 days or less. Factory representatives or others provide basic instructions to facility maintenance and operation personnel. If more extensive training is required, i.e. student travel, special consultants, etc., consult the Contract Division Director and the head of the Comptroller Department for assistance.

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During the warranty testing and at a time designated by the Contracting

Officer, make available the services of a technician regularly employed or authorized by the manufacturer of the Cathodic Protection System for instructing Government personnel in the proper operation, maintenance, safety, and emergency procedures of the Cathodic Protection System. The period of instruction shall be not less than [one] [_____] but not more than [two] [_____] 8-hour working day[s]. Conduct the training at the jobsite or at another location mutually satisfactory to the Government and the Contractor. The field instructions shall cover all of the items contained in the operation and maintenance manual.

3.4 SCHEDULE

Some metric measurements in this section are based on mathematical conversion of English unit measurements, and not on metric measurement commonly agreed to by the manufacturers or other parties. The English and metric units for the measurements shown are as follows:

Products English Units Metric Units

a. Reference Electrodes

Diameter

Length

1 1/4 inches 31.75 mm

10 inches 255 mm

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Products b. Terminal Board

(phenolic plastic) thickness

-- End of Section --

English Units Metric Units

1/8 inch

1/4 inch

3 mm

6 mm

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