Major Fact Sheet

Major Fact Sheet
Linguistics
Interested in This Major?
Contact the Department of Linguistics:
Curtin Hall, Room 535
phone: 414-229-6166
email: [email protected]
web: www4.uwm.edu/letsci/linguistics
College of Letters and Science
What is Linguistics?
Linguistics is the scientific study of language. Linguists
seek to understand the nature of the human language
faculty by examining the formal properties of naturallanguage grammars and the process of language
acquisition. Given the central importance of language
to both cognition and culture, linguistics has points of
contact with a diverse array of other fields, including
psychology, neuroscience, philosophy, anthropology, and
computer science. Sub-specialties within linguistics are
devoted to various aspects of language. In the area of
grammatical theory, linguists study the nature of sentence
structure (syntax), sound systems (phonology), sentence
meaning (semantics), word formation (morphology),
sound production and perception (phonetics), and
utterance context (pragmatics). Linguists study the
processes by which speakers learn the various aspects of
grammar, both as children (first language acquisition)
and as adults (second language acquisition). Linguists
examine the structural and social factors that underlie
language use (sociolinguistics), language contact and
change (historical linguistics), and multilingual speech
communities (bilingualism). The study of naturallanguage processing involves an interdisciplinary
set of methodologies, including psychological
experimentation (psycholinguistics), neurological
imaging (neurolinguistics), and computational modeling
and machine learning (computational linguistics).
Jobs for Linguists
Linguists can be found in many different professions
and industries where an understanding of language
structure and usage is valuable. Theoretical linguistics
is focused on data analysis and argumentation, making
it an especially valuable preparation for careers that
UWMilwLetSci
emphasize these skills, such as law. Common career
tracks for undergraduate linguistics majors include
the following, some of which may require specialized
training or graduate work.
•
Law
•
Technical writing
•
Journalism
•
Search engine optimization
•
Software development for speech recognition
•
Teaching linguistics, speech, English, or foreign
languages
•
Teaching English as a second language either
within the U.S. or abroad
•
Translation and interpretation
•
Product naming
•
Lexicography (working with dictionaries)
•
Literacy programming
•
Curriculum development
•
Standardized test development or administration
•
U.S. intelligence or foreign service
•
Corporate training
•
Language training for actors
Foreign Language Requirement
Being bilingual or multilingual is not a requirement
to be a linguist. However, being proficient in
another language in addition to English is very
helpful for understanding the commonalities and
systematic variation of languages. Students with this
skill set have a broader sense of how language fits
into other cultures and have more career options in
the areas of translation, teaching and interpretation.
Linguistics majors must fulfill the foreign-language
degree requirements of the College: four semesters
of a single foreign language or three semesters of one
language and two semesters of another language. It is
possible to meet all or parts of this requirement by taking
enough foreign language in high school and/or through
placement exams. There are no additional foreign
language proficiency requirements for linguistic majors.
Students in the applied major will take:
•
Linguis 350 – Intro to Linguistics
•
Linguis 420 – Intro to Second Language
Acquisition
•
Linguis 450 – Phonetics
Majors in Linguistics
•
Linguis 460 – Introduction to Phonology
The Linguistics Department offers undergraduate majors
in either General Linguistics or Applied Linguistics.
The general major is broader and provides preparation
for further graduate study or entry into a professional
position. The applied major is more focused on using
linguistics principles and concepts for finding solutions
to language-related challenges or problems that occur in
everyday life. Applied linguistics topics include second
language acquisition, principles of teaching English or
other languages, literacy and computer-assisted language.
•
Linguis 464 – Introduction to Syntax
•
One of the following:
Either option within the major requires a minimum of
30 credits. Students must complete at least 15 credits
in 300-level or higher classes at UWM. A minimum 2.5
GPA is required in all credits in the major. Students
are encouraged to combine the linguistics major with
a related field (possibly another major) and to focus
their electives in areas closely aligned with the study
of linguistics, including the various foreign languages,
English, anthropology, philosophy, computer science, and
education, among others.
General Linguistics Major
Students in the general major will take:
College of Letters and Science
Applied Linguistics Major
•
Linguis 350 – Intro to Linguistics
•
Linguis 450 – Phonetics
•
Linguis 460 – Introduction to Phonology
•
Linguis 464 – Introduction to Syntax
•
Three of the following:
»
Linguis 415 – First Language Acquisition
»
Linguis 420 – Intro to Second Language
Acquisition
»
Linguis 430 – Language and Society
»
Linguis 466 – Semantics
»
Linguis 468 – Language in its Various Forms
»
Linguis 470 – Historical/Comparative Linguistics
»
Linguis 474 – Language Typology
»
Linguis 560 – Advanced Phonology
»
Linguis 564 – Advanced Syntax
•
9 elective credits
•
Research experience satisfied by Linguis 420, 460, 464,
470, 474, 560, or 564
UWMilwLetSci
•
»
Linguis 430 – Language and Society
»
Anthro/Linguis 570 – Issues in Bilingualism
At least two of the following:
»
Linguis 410 – Literacy, Grammar and
Methods in ESL Education
»
Linguis 415 – First Language Acquisition
»
Linguis 432 – Urban Dialects
»
Linguis 440 – Psycholinguistics
»
Linguis 468 – Language in its Various Forms
»
Linguis 565 – Intro to Adult/University
Level TESOL
»
Linguis 567 – Materials for ESL Instruction
•
6 elective credits
•
Research experience satisfied by Linguis 420,
460, 464, 470, 474, 560, or 564
Minors in Linguistics
The Linguistics Department offers undergraduate
minors in either General Linguistics or Applied
Linguistics, each requiring a minimum of 18 credits.
Related Certificate
The Adult/University-Level TESOL Undergraduate
Certificate Program is designed to meet the needs
of students who wish to teach English as a Second
Language (ESL) to adults or university-level students
abroad. The program is open to undergraduates
with at least junior standing to post-baccalaureate
special students, and to those who do not plan to
pursue a college or university degree (non-degree
students) but who have a strong interest in this
subject. Graduate students or post-baccalaureate
non-degree students should pursue instead the
“Adult/University-Level TESOL Graduate Certificate
Program.” Training in the graduate certificate
program is more rigorous, and some credits earned
can be transferred to the Linguistics Department
M.A. program. See the TESOL information sheet for
more information.
Revised 02/14
Linguistics 4 Year Plan
Colllege off Letters and Science
This sample four-year plan shows just one possible pathway to earning a degree with this major in four years. This plan does not
replace the advice of your advisor, and students are cautioned to meet regularly with their advisor to create a personalized plan
that matches their particular circumstances. This plan also follows the degree requirements for students who began their UWM
education in Fall of 2013 or later. If you started at UWM prior to Fall of 2013, your degree requirements may be different.
Degree Requirements (brief summary):
Sample Four Year Plans:
1.
English Proficiency and UWM Oral and Written
Communication (OWC) GER - English 102 (OWC-A) and
one OWC-B course
2.
Math Proficiency and UWM Quantitative Literacy (QL) GER
- Math 102, 103, 105, or 108 (QL-A) and a QL-B course
There are hundreds of courses that satisfy various requirements
(http://www4.uwm.edu/letsci/requirements/), and courses in
the major can be used. For example, Linguis 350 counts as a
social science GER and an upper-level course (This sample assumes no high school Foreign Language was taken and that the
student placed into college-level Math and English.)
3.
Formal Reasoning - 3 credits (Some courses satisfy both
formal reasoning and the QL-B GER)
General Linguistics
4.
Foreign Language – 4 semesters of a single Foreign
Language (or 3 semesters of one language and 2 semesters
of another language)
5.
L&S Humanities – 12 credits
6.
L&S Social Sciences – 12 credits
7.
L&S Natural Science – 12 credits including a laboratory
8.
L&S International – 9 credits usually accomplished with
third and fourth semesters of foreign language and 3 credits
in a Humanities or Social Science course
9.
UWM Arts GER – 3 credits
Year 1
Year 2
10. UWM Cultural Diversity GER – 3 credits usually accomplished
in conjunction with a Humanities or Social Science course
11. 120 credits including 90 credits in L&S and with 36 of the 90
credits in L&S upper-level (numbered above 300) courses
12. Complete the Linguistics major requirements in either the
General Linguistics option or the Applied Linguistics option
•
Semester 2
English 101
English 102 (OWC-A)
Math 102, 103, or 105
(QL-A)
Philos 211 (HU) (QL-B)
(formal reasoning)
1st semester Foreign
Language
2nd semester Foreign
Language
Linguis 100 (HU) (CD)
L&S Natural Science
L&S Social Science
Arts GER
OWC-B course
L&S Humanities
3rd semester Foreign
Language (Int’l)
4th semester Foreign
Language (Int’l)
L&S Social Science, not
Linguis
L&S Social Science, not
Linguis
Linguis 350 (SS)
L&S Natural Science
L&S Natural Science with lab
Elective
L&S Humanities/International
L&S Humanities
General Linguistics option
L&S Natural Science
Linguis 460
»
30 credits with at least 15 numbered 300 or above
completed at UWM
Linguis 430 (SS)
Linguis 464
Linguis 450
L&S upper-level elective
»
All of Linguis 350, 450, 460, and 464
Elective
Elective
»
Three of Linguis 415, 420, 430, 466, 468, 470, 474,
560, 565
Linguis 468 or other
Linguis 560 or other
»
•
Semester 1
9 credits elective courses from an approved list
Applied Linguistics option
Year 3
Year 4
Linguis upper-level elective
Linguis upper-level elective
L&S upper-level elective
L&S upper-level elective
Elective
Elective
Elective
Elective
»
30 credits with at least 15 numbered 300 or above
completed at UWM
(HU) Humanities GER
(SS) Social Science GER
»
All of Linguis 350, 420, 450, 460, 464; 430 or 570
(Int’l) International GER
(CD) Cultural Diversity GER
»
Two courses from Linguis 410, 415, 432, 440, 468,
565, 567
»
6 credits elective courses from approved list
Linguistics • 414-229-6166 • [email protected] • www4.uwm.edu/letsci/linguistics
Revised 02/14
Linguistics 4 Year Plan
Colllege off Letters and Science
Applied Linguistics
Year 1
Year 2
Year 3
Year 4
Semester 1
Semester 2
English 101
English 102 (OWC-A)
Math 102, 103, or 105
(QL-A)
Philos 211 (HU) (QL-B)
(formal reasoning)
1st semester Foreign
Language
2nd semester Foreign
Language
Linguis 100 (HU) (CD)
L&S Natural Science
L&S Social Science
Arts GER
OWC-B course
L&S Humanities
3rd semester Foreign
Language (Int’l)
4th semester Foreign
Language (Int’l)
L&S Social Science, not
Linguis
L&S Social Science, not
Linguis
Linguis 350 (SS)
L&S Natural Science
L&S Natural Science with lab
Elective
L&S Humanities/International
L&S Humanities
L&S Natural Science
Linguis 460
Linguis 430 (SS)
Linguis 420
Linguis 450
L&S upper-level elective
Elective
Elective
Linguis 464
Linguis 468 or other
Linguis 432 or other
Linguis upper-level elective
L&S upper-level elective
L&S upper-level elective
Elective
Elective
Elective
Elective
(HU) Humanities GER
(SS) Social Science GER
(Int’l) International GER
(CD) Cultural Diversity GER
Linguistics • 414-229-6166 • [email protected] • www4.uwm.edu/letsci/linguistics
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