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UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
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UNIFIED FACILITIES CRITERIA (UFC)
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ARMY RESERVE FACILITIES
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE; DISTRIBUTION UNLIMITED
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
UNIFIED FACILITIES CRITERIA (UFC)
DESIGN GUIDE: ARMY RESERVE FACILITIES
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Any copyrighted material included in this UFC is identified at its point of use.
Use of the copyrighted material apart from this UFC must have the permission of the
copyright holder.
U.S. ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS (Preparing Activity)
NAVAL FACILITIES ENGINEERING COMMAND
AIR FORCE CIVIL ENGINEER SUPPORT AGENCY
Record of Changes (changes are indicated by \1\ ... /1/)
Change No.
1
2
Date
1 Jan 2005
25 Oct 2006
3
1 Feb 2010
Location
Multiple criteria and editorial adjustments
Multiple criteria adjustments. Multiple unmarked
formatting and editorial adjustments
Multiple criteria adjustment. Multiple unmarked
formatting and editorial adjustments.
IN
Note: This 1 February 2010 edition of UFC 4-171-05 is the 25 October 2006 edition of
UFC 4-171-05 with multiple marked criteria adjustments and unmarked editorial
adjustments. Note change marks incorporated in this edition include changes from the
1 January 2005 edition.
_____________
This UFC supersedes UFC 4-171-05, Design: Guide For Army Reserve Facilities
dated 1 January 2005 and incorporates the above listed changes.
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
FOREWORD
The Unified Facilities Criteria (UFC) system is prescribed by MIL-STD 3007 and provides
planning, design, construction, sustainment, restoration, and modernization criteria, and applies
to the Military Departments, the Defense Agencies, and the DoD Field Activities in accordance
with USD(AT&L) Memorandum dated 29 May 2002. UFC will be used for all DoD projects and
work for other customers where appropriate.
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UFC are living documents and will be periodically reviewed, updated, and made available to
users as part of the Services’ responsibility for providing technical criteria for military
construction. Headquarters, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (HQUSACE), Naval Facilities
Engineering Command (NAVFAC), and Air Force Civil Engineer Support Agency (AFCESA) are
responsible for administration of the UFC system. Defense agencies should contact the
preparing service for document interpretation and improvements. Technical content of UFC is
the responsibility of the cognizant DoD working group. Recommended changes with supporting
rationale should be sent to the respective service proponent office by the following electronic
form: Criteria Change Request (CCR). The form is also accessible from the Internet sites listed
below.
UFC are effective upon issuance and are distributed only in electronic media from the following
source:

Whole Building Design Guide (WBDG) web site http://dod.wbdg.org.
Hard copies of UFC printed from electronic media should be checked against the current
electronic version prior to use to ensure that they are current.
IN
AUTHORIZED BY:
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
Contents
Page
INTRODUCTION AND GENERAL INFORMATION
PURPOSE OF THE DESIGN GUIDE......................................................1
SCOPE OF THE DESIGN GUIDE...........................................................1
ARMY RESERVE CADD PLATFORM.....................................................2
FORMAT OF THE DESIGN GUIDE.........................................................3
PROJECT PARTICIPANT RESPONSIBILITIES......................................3
PURPOSE OF THE ARMY RESERVE....................................................5
QUALITY OF DESIGN.............................................................................6
PROJECT DELIVERY..............................................................................7
PROGRAM SYNOPSIS...........................................................................7
USAR PROJECT FUNDING..................................................................10
CONSTRUCTION CONTRACT AWARD...............................................11
CHAPTER 2
2-1
2-2
2-3
2-4
2-5
2-6
2-7
2-8
2-9
2-10
2-11
2-12
2-13
PLANNING GUIDELINES
INTRODUCTION...................................................................................12
DESIGN AND REGULATORY CRITERIA AND THEIR APPLICATION12
ENVIRONMENTAL................................................................................14
SITE SELECTION AND PLANNING......................................................15
ANTITERRORISM/FORCE PROTECTION (AT/FP)..............................20
LANDSCAPE.........................................................................................21
BUILDINGS............................................................................................22
FIRE PROTECTION/LIFE SAFETY.......................................................32
INTERIOR DESIGN...............................................................................32
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY............................................................33
SIGNAGE...............................................................................................34
ACCESSIBILITY....................................................................................35
SECURITY.............................................................................................35
CHAPTER 3
3-1
3-2
3-3
3-4
3-5
3-6
3-7
3-8
3-9
3-10
3-11
3-12
3-13
3-14
3-15
3-16
GENERAL DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS
INTRODUCTION...................................................................................36
CIVIL AND UTILITIES............................................................................36
LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE............................................................47
FIRE PROTECTION / LIFE SAFETY.....................................................48
ARCHITECTURAL.................................................................................50
INTERIOR DESIGN...............................................................................55
STRUCTURAL.......................................................................................59
MECHANICAL........................................................................................63
PLUMBING............................................................................................66
ELECTRICAL.........................................................................................66
SPECIFICATIONS.................................................................................76
COST ESTIMATING..............................................................................78
ENERGY CONSERVATION...................................................................79
ANTITERRORISM FORCE PROTECTION...........................................80
ACCESSIBILITY....................................................................................81
ENVIRONMENTAL................................................................................81
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CHAPTER 1
1-1
1-2
1-3
1-4
1-5
1-6
1-7
1-8
1-9
1-10
1-11
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CONTENTS Continued
Page
INDIVIDUAL SPACE CRITERIA
GENERAL..............................................................................................85
TRAINING CENTER BUILDING............................................................86
Full-time Offices.....................................................................................86
Unit Exclusive Offices............................................................................87
Unit Commons.......................................................................................88
Recruiting/Retention Office....................................................................89
Family Support Office............................................................................90
Administrative Support...........................................................................91
4-2.6.1 Mail Room..........................................................................91
4-2.6.2 Reproduction.....................................................................92
Information Technology (IT) Spaces......................................................93
4-2.7.1 IT Spaces - General Information........................................93
4-2.7.2 Entrance Facility (EF)........................................................94
4-2.7.3 Telecommunications Equipment Room (TER)...................95
4-2.7.4 Telecommunications Room (TR)........................................97
4-2.7.5 IT Work Space...................................................................98
Lobby.....................................................................................................99
Assembly Hall......................................................................................100
Chair and Table Storage......................................................................102
Kitchen.................................................................................................103
Arms Vault............................................................................................104
Armorer’s Room...................................................................................107
Classrooms..........................................................................................108
Library Reading Room......................................................................... 111
Library Storage....................................................................................112
Learning Center...................................................................................112
Training Aids Storage...........................................................................113
COMSEC Storage................................................................................114
Unit/Individual Storage.........................................................................115
Staging Area........................................................................................117
Supply Office........................................................................................118
Janitorial...............................................................................................119
Flammable Storage..............................................................................120
Controlled Waste Storage....................................................................120
Facility Maintenance Storage...............................................................120
Weapons Simulator..............................................................................121
Band Room..........................................................................................123
Medical Section....................................................................................123
Physical Exam Wing............................................................................124
Secure Compartmented Information Facility (SCIF)............................124
Soils Testing Lab..................................................................................124
Conference Room................................................................................124
Drafting Room......................................................................................126
Physical Readiness Training................................................................127
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CHAPTER 4
4-1
4-2
4-2.1
4-2.2
4-2.3
4-2.4
4-2.5
4-2.6
4-2.7
IN
4-2.8
4-2.9
4-2.10
4-2.11
4-2.12
4-2.13
4-2.14
4-2.15
4-2.16
4-2.17
4-2.18
4-2.19
4-2.20
4-2.21
4-2.22
4-2.23
4-2.24
4-2.25
4-2.26
4-2.27
4-2.28
4-2.29
4-2.30
4-2.31
4-2.32
4-2.33
4-2.34
4-2.35
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CONTENTS Continued
Page
Army Global Command Control System (AGCCS ).............................128
Distance Learning Center....................................................................129
Male and Female Toilets and Showers................................................130
Accessible Unisex Toilet......................................................................131
Male and Female Locker Rooms.........................................................131
Vending Alcove....................................................................................133
Break Area...........................................................................................133
Mechanical...........................................................................................134
Electrical..............................................................................................135
Circulation............................................................................................136
Stairs....................................................................................................137
SIPRNET Cafe.....................................................................................138
EOC - Emergency Operations Center.................................................141
ORGANIZATIONAL MAINTENANCE SHOP.......................................142
Shop Office..........................................................................................142
Male and Female Toilets......................................................................143
Storage Room......................................................................................144
Special Equipment Alcove...................................................................145
Battery Room.......................................................................................146
Flammable Storage..............................................................................146
Controlled Waste Storage....................................................................147
Workbays.............................................................................................148
Mechanical/Electricall..........................................................................152
Information Technology........................................................................153
Custodial/Janitorial...............................................................................153
AREA MAINTENANCE SUPPORT ACTIVITY (AMSA).......................154
General................................................................................................154
AMSA Workbays..................................................................................154
Small Arms Shop and Vault.................................................................155
Supply..................................................................................................155
Electrical/Communications Repair.......................................................156
Breakroom...........................................................................................156
Male and Female Locker Rooms.........................................................156
Male and Female Toilets and Showers................................................157
Battery Room.......................................................................................157
DIRECT SUPPORT/GENERAL SUPPORT (DS/GS)..........................158
DEPLOYABLE MEDICAL SETS (DEPMEDS).....................................159
WAREHOUSE......................................................................................159
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4-2.36
4-2.37
4-2.38
4-2.39
4-2.40
4-2.41
4-2.42
4-2.43
4-2.44
4-2.45
4-2.46
4-2.47
4-2.48
4-3
4-3.1
4-3.2
4-3.4
4-3.5
4-3.6
4-3.7
4-3.8
4-3.9
4-3.10
4-3.11
4-3.12
4-5
4-5.1
4-5.2
4-5.3
4-5.4
4-5.5
4-5.6
4-5.7
4-5.8
4-5.9
4-6
4-7
4-8
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CONTENTS Continued
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Page
APPENDICES
APPENDIX A References.................................................................................161
APPENDIX B Acronyms and Military Rank Designations................................167
APPENDIX COMAR-Funded Items.................................................................173
APPENDIX DSample 1390, 1391, AND 5034R - Functional Space Detail......175
APPENDIX E Standard Kitchen Plan and Equipment List...............................199
APPENDIX F Toilet Room Fixture Counts........................................................201
APPENDIX GBand Room................................................................................205
APPENDIX HSecure Compartmented Information Facilities (SCIF)..............207
APPENDIX I Physical Exam Wing..................................................................209
APPENDIX J Equipment Concentration Site (ECS)........................................212
APPENDIX K Roof Systems for Army Reserve Projects..................................214
APPENDIX L Physical Readiness Room Equipment Matrix............................219
APPENDIX MSample Projects and Photography Credits................................220
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FIGURES
Title
Page
USARC, Ft Dodge, Iowa..........................................................................1
Project Guidance.....................................................................................2
USARC, Camp Parks, California.............................................................2
ARRTC VOQ, Ft. McCoy, Wisconsin.......................................................4
Total Systems Design..............................................................................6
USARC, Camp Parks, California.............................................................7
OMS/DS-GS, Arden Hills, Minnesota......................................................9
Project Design Development.................................................................12
USARC, Green Bay, Wisconsin.............................................................13
Site Access............................................................................................15
Typical Reserve Center Site Plan..........................................................15
Typical AMSA Site Plan.........................................................................16
Typical ECS Site Plan............................................................................16
Landscape Planting...............................................................................21
ARRTC VOQ, Ft. McCoy, Wisconsin.....................................................23
Flexibility for Future...............................................................................23
Training Center Adjacencies..................................................................25
USARC, Green Bay, Wisconsin.............................................................25
Lobby and Full-time Office.....................................................................26
Office/Unit Common Relationship.........................................................26
Multiple Unit Commons.........................................................................26
USARC, Ft. Dodge, Iowa.......................................................................27
Assembly Hall Adjacencies....................................................................27
Janitorial and Toilets..............................................................................28
Conference Room.................................................................................29
OMS Schematic Diagram......................................................................30
Shop Office Views.................................................................................31
AMSA Schematic Diagram....................................................................31
ARRTC VOQ, Ft. McCoy, Wisconsin.....................................................33
USARC, Ft. Knox, Kentucky..................................................................34
ARRTC VOQ, Ft. McCoy, Wisconsin.....................................................36
ARRTC VOQ, Ft. McCoy, Wisconsin.....................................................37
USARC, Camp Parks, California...........................................................41
USARC, Camp Parks, California...........................................................43
USARC, Sacramento, California...........................................................47
AFRC, Greenville, North Carolina.........................................................50
ARRTC VOQ, Ft. McCoy, Wisconsin.....................................................53
Duffel Bag Cage Layout........................................................................54
USARC, Camp Parks, California...........................................................56
USARC, Arden Hills, Minnesota............................................................62
Janitor’s Closet......................................................................................66
USARC, Camp Parks, California...........................................................69
USARC, Arden Hills, Minnesota............................................................79
USARC, Arden Hills, Minnesota............................................................81
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Figure
1-1
1-2
1-3
1-4
1-5
1-6
1-7
2-1
2-2
2-3
2-4
2-5
2-6
2-7
2-8
2-9
2-10
2-11
2-12
2-13
2-14
2-15
2-16
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2-18
2-19
2-20
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2-22
2-23
3-1
3-2
3-3
3-4
3-5
3-6
3-7
3-8
3-9
3-10
3-11
3-12
3-13
3-14
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
FIGURES Continued
Title
Page
Single Office..........................................................................................87
Shared Office - A...................................................................................87
Shared Office - B...................................................................................87
Unit Commons.......................................................................................88
Unit Commons.......................................................................................88
Recruiting / Retention Office..................................................................90
Mail Room.............................................................................................91
Copy Room............................................................................................93
IT Work Space.......................................................................................98
Lobby.....................................................................................................99
Assembly Hall and Kitchen..................................................................100
Chair and Table Storage......................................................................102
Armorer’s Room and Arms Vault.........................................................105
Classroom...........................................................................................109
Classroom with Operable Partition......................................................110
Library Reading Room......................................................................... 111
Library Storage....................................................................................112
Learning Center...................................................................................112
Training Aids Storage..........................................................................113
Unit Storage with Supply Office...........................................................116
Unit Storage with Staging and Supply Office.......................................117
Janitorial..............................................................................................119
Facility Maintenance Storage..............................................................120
Weapons Simulator.............................................................................121
Conference Room...............................................................................125
Physical Readiness Training Room.....................................................127
AGCCS................................................................................................129
Shower Room......................................................................................130
Unisex Toilet........................................................................................131
Locker Room.......................................................................................132
Vending Alcove....................................................................................133
Break Area...........................................................................................134
Typical Small SIPRNET Cafe..............................................................139
Typical Large SIPRNET Cafe..............................................................140
Shop Office..........................................................................................142
Unisex Toilet........................................................................................143
Tools and Parts Storage Room ..........................................................144
Flammable Storage.............................................................................146
Controlled Waste Storage....................................................................148
Workbays.............................................................................................150
Small Arms Repair Room with Arms Vault...........................................155
Electric / Comm. Repair.......................................................................156
Break Area...........................................................................................156
Battery Room and Toilet......................................................................157
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Figure
4-1
4-2
4-3
4-4
4-5
4-6
4-7
4-8
4-9
4-10
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4-12
4-13
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4-20
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4-39
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FIGURES Continued
Title
Page
Kitchen Equipment Plan......................................................................199
Standard Band Room Plan..................................................................206
Typical Medical Section Plan...............................................................209
Typical ECS Layout.............................................................................212
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Figure
E-1
G-1
I-1
J-1
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CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION AND GENERAL INFORMATION
1-1
PURPOSE OF THE DESIGN GUIDE
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1-1.1
This Design Guide contains design criteria and general requirements to be
used in the development of designs for new construction and additions/alterations of
U.S. Army Reserve (USAR) facilities. Its purpose is to serve as one means for the Using
Service to convey functional and other criteria for Military Construction Army Reserve
(MCAR) projects to the Design Agency charged with the planning and design of a
facility. This Guide is also intended to aid in the formulation of project documentation for
inclusion in military construction programs.
Figure 1-1
USARC, Ft Dodge,
Iowa
1-1.1.1 The Using Service is the Assistant Chief of Staff for
Installation Management- Operations Division Reserve (ACSIMODR). An ACSIM-ODR representative, the Project Officer, is
typically assigned to each project.
1-1.1.2 The USAR Installation includes the USAR unit(s) that
will utilize the facility (Tenants) and the USAR Regional Support Command (RSC), which supports the unit(s). \3\ /3/
1-1.1.3 The Design Agency is the Corps of Engineers (COE) or other engineering
command, which acts as USAR’s agent for obtaining design and construction services.
The Design Agency may develop project designs utilizing their in‑house design
personnel, or may contract with private-sector architecture and engineering firms (A/Es)
to provide design services. The in‑house personnel or private‑sector A/E team will be
referred to as “designer” or “design team” in this Guide.
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1-1.2
This Guide should also be used as a benchmark of acceptable quality for
USAR Full Facility Restoration (FFR), Real Property Exchange (RPX), Minor
Maintenance and Repair (MMR) and other projects. See Paragraph below for additional
information on such programs and their funding.
1-1.3
This Guide should be considered to provide guidance representing an 80%
solution; the information should apply at least 80% of the time, and address at least
80% of the issues. The Design Agency should always obtain Using Service approval
when departing from the guidance herein.
1-2SCOPE OF THE DESIGN GUIDE
1-2.1
This Guide is applicable to all new construction projects for Army Reserve
facilities, and as a general guide in the modernization or restoration of existing facilities.
Only the more common or typical features associated with Army Reserve facilities are
addressed. The Guide deals primarily with training center buildings and vehicle
maintenance shops, both of which directly support a training facility or group of facilities.
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1-2.2
The intent of the Guide is to provide a portion of the general information and
guidance required for the successful preparation of project designs. Additional
information and guidance must be obtained from the Using Service, the USAR
Installation, the Design Agency, and designer investigations on such matters as project
scope, local codes and site constraints. Typical project-specific and general
documentation to be made available to the designers is listed below. Additional listings
of criteria are in Appendix A.
Figure 1-2
Project Guidance
Criteria
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Codes
Project
Documents
+
Local
Conditions
Site
and
Building
Concept
Design
Guide
User
Input
Specifications (UFGS). \3\
1-3
1-2.2.1
Project Documents
DD Forms 1390 and 1391 – project
authorization documentation.
DD Form 5034R – Functional Space Worksheet
(with notes). (Sample of Forms in Appendix D)
Project Scope of Work for design team.
1-2.2.2Additional Design Criteria USAR Design Process and Submittal
Requirements.
Design Criteria, Technical Manuals, Technical
Letters, Unified Facilities Criteria (UFC), and
other design guidance. Unified Facility Guide
ARMY RESERVE CADD PLATFORM
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1-3.1
TThe Army Reserve CADD platform is Bentley’s MicroStation Triforma. A
USAR Building Information Model (BIM) dataset has been developed utilizing the
Triforma workspace. The USAR BIM Dataset is available upon request to the Louisville
District Army Reserve Support Team to designers under contract
to perform Army Reserve designs. The USAR BIM dataset is
Figure 1-3
coordinated and has relationships built so that information can be
USARC, Camp
easily extracted in the form of drawings, details, schedules,
Parks, California
quantity takeoffs, renderings, animations, and other formats
needed during the design and/or construction process. The BIM
dataset provides the level of quality expected by the Army
Reserve. The Bentley Microstation TriForma platform was
selected by the Army Reserve and Louisville District to provide
consistency and ease in updating, maintaining, and reviewing the
BIM dataset.
1-3.2
Along with the USAR BIM Dataset, the Army Reserve developed its “USAR
Design Process and Submittal Requirements” document to define its desired design
process and submittals to be made at each step of the design process. All Army
Reserve projects should follow the “USAR Design Process and Submittal
Requirements” document, unless otherwise directed by the Using Service or the Design
Agency.
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Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
1-3.3
The previous Army Reserve CADD platform, Modular Design System (MDS),
was a unique MicroStation-based computer aided design software program used to
complete USAR facility designs. This program contained the level of quality expected
by the Army Reserve. MDS had the unique capability to streamline the design and
review process, offer more uniform construction quality and produce a reliable cost
estimate early in the design process. However, with the recent moves in design towards
a three dimensional modeling approach and generational changes to Bentley’s
MicroStation requiring updates to the MDS program, maintaining the program was cost
prohibitive to the Army Reserve, thus MDS was retired./3/
1-4
FORMAT OF THE DESIGN GUIDE
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1-4.1
The Design Guide format is intended to facilitate the development of project
requirements and designs by dealing with major criteria on both a general and specific
level.
1-4.2
Chapter 1 provides general information about the Army Reserve, and its
facilities program and process. Chapter 2 provides information and guidance on overall
planning of Army Reserve sites and buildings, with emphasis on site and building
organization, functionality, adjacencies and esthetics. Chapter 3 contains information
and guidance on systems and materials applicable to all Army Reserve facilities, site
design, and the design of the various buildings – large-scale, total building or facility
issues. Chapter 4 contains specific requirements for the design of each type of typical
space in an Army Reserve facility. Additional information is included in the Appendices.
1-4.3
Illustrations in this Guide represent possible applications of the criteria and
are not intended to be definitive. The Design Agency is encouraged to be creative
throughout the design process. Local conditions, codes and specific project
requirements are major design considerations in the development of a total, integrated
facility.
PROJECT PARTICIPANT RESPONSIBILITIES
IN
1-5
1-5.1
The Using Service (ACSIM-ODR) is responsible for the following:
1-5.1.1
Determining functional requirements from USAR criteria.
1-5.1.2 Approving functional requirements or Tenant requests that extend beyond the
scope of this Guide.
1-5.1.3 Preparing and submitting project documentation (DD Forms 1390 and 1391
and supporting data) in accordance with Army Regulation 140-483 (AR 140-483), and
providing any updates of these documents as the project progresses.
1-5.1.4 Approving concept and later designs to certify compliance with functional
requirements.
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1-5.1.5 Developing additional information, as required, such as telephone needs,
special electrical requirements and equipment specifications.
1-5.2
The Design Agency is responsible for the following:
1-5.2.1 Preparing a design that provides for a complete and usable facility, including
all equipment, fixtures and furnishings except those specifically designated as
Government-furnished.
1-5.2.2 Incorporating the functional requirements of the Using Service and USAR
Installation into the project design.
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1-5.2.3 Developing a design responsive to the criteria in this Guide and the project
documentation, and preparing all submittals required by the USAR Design Process and
Submittal Requirements, and the project Scope of Work.
1-5.2.4 Justifying, in the project Design Analysis, any issues of design which do not
follow this Guide and other project documentation.
1-5.2.5 Incorporating the quality standards for the overall design as described in this
Guide and other criteria for the project.
Figure 1-4
ARRTC VOQ,
Ft. McCoy,
Wisconsin
1-5.2.6 Identifying the applicable codes and regulations, and
ensuring that the design is in compliance with them.
1-5.2.7 Preparing cost estimates, and ensuring that the
design will provide a fully functional facility within the project
construction cost limit (CCL). Optional bid items may be required
to ensure that a base bid within the construction cost limit can be
achieved. Any such options must be planned such that the facility
is complete and usable without their inclusion.
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1-5.2.8 Preparing a draft of DD Form 1354, Transfer and
Acceptance of Military Real Property.
1-5.2.9 Preparing any surveys and/or geotechnical,
environmental, sustainable design or other investigations
identified in the project Scope of Work.
1-5.2.10 Developing design analyses, calculations, and other information that supports
and explains the project design.
1-5.2.11 Identifying issues that will deserve special attention during project
construction.
1-5.2.12 Preparing a draft of specification \2\ Section 00 80 00.00 06 /2/ for the use of
the constructing entity, and reviewing and commenting on the remainder of the “frontend” specifications. \2\ Specification section available at the USACE Louisville District
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Web-Site. /2/
1-5.2.13 Complete coordination of A/E discipline interfaces, and checking for
architectural, structural, HVAC, electrical, plumbing and fire protection conflicts.
1-5.2.14 Preparing a submittal register for inclusion in the specifications, coordinated
with the construction entity.
1-5.3
The USAR Support Installation is responsible for the following:
1-5.3.1
Providing the Design Agency with as-built drawings of existing construction.
1-5.3.3
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1-5.3.2 For alteration projects, providing a copy of all outstanding maintenance and
repair work orders.
Providing a copy of the current Full Facility Assessment.
1-5.3.4 Providing a condition survey for any existing facilities affected by the
proposed work, along with a list of any red or amber conditions noted in the Installation
Status Report.
1-5.3.5 Reviewing and commenting on Design Agency submittals, and providing input
to the Design Agency as requested.
1-5.3.6 Ensuring that any required real estate purchase is accomplished in a timely
manner.
1-5.3.7 Providing a threat assessment that identifies the level of risk for the facility to
be designed.
IN
1-5.3.8 If real estate was purchased for the project, providing a copy of the Real
Estate Planning Report (REPR) and any Engineering Feasibility Study done during the
real estate acquisition.
1-5.3.9 Performing any required environmental investigations, and preparing any
required environmental documentation, such as environmental baseline surveys (EBS)
and/or environmental assessments (EA). The USAR Installation may contract with the
Design Agency or design team for performance of these tasks.
1-6
PURPOSE OF THE ARMY RESERVE
1-6.1
The purpose of the Army Reserve is to provide trained units and qualified
individual soldiers for active duty in time of need.
1-6.2
The Army Reserve spends most of its drill time in training. Therefore, a
Reserve Center is a training center.
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1-6.2.1 The individual soldier is given hands-on training in the skills of his/her job with
particular emphasis on the operation and maintenance of equipment.
1-6.2.2 Unit training is accomplished by progressively larger and larger elements to
perform the mission as a team.
1-6.3
Every functional space in a Reserve Center is intended to be primarily a
training space. For example:
1-6.3.1 The primary purpose of a kitchen is to allow cooks to train. The secondary
purpose is to feed the troops.
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1-6.3.2 The primary purpose of the organizational maintenance shop (OMS) is to
allow the training of mechanics. The secondary purpose is to maintain vehicles.
1-6.3.3 The primary purpose of office space is to allow the training of staff and clerical
personnel. The secondary purpose is to perform administrative functions associated
with the unit’s mission.
1-6.4
A Reserve Center is an institutional building with both community and national
significance. The center is the home station for the local unit composed of individuals
sharing experiences of personal action on behalf of the community, much in the same
way as a volunteer fire department. At the same time, as a Government installation of
the U.S. Army, it represents the entire Army. Thus the design of the building must reflect
the Reservists’ feelings of patriotism, pride and community participation as well as a
sense of the purpose of the U.S. Army: to keep the peace by maintaining a strong and
capable organized military force.
1-7
QUALITY OF DESIGN
IN
1-7.1
The Design Agency must seek design excellence through commitment to high
standards. Success in achieving this objective lies not in the repetition of previous
design solutions but in relating to the Using Service and USAR Installation projectspecific requirements, and responding to their unique
Figure 1-5
needs.
Total Systems Design
1-7.2
The concept of total systems design will be
emphasized in promoting the development of a functional,
energy efficient and esthetically pleasing building. Design
concepts must evolve in a multidisciplinary manner with
regard to architectural, civil, structural, electrical and
mechanical systems.
1-7.3
In evaluating the cost impact of design
decisions, the designer will consider the life cycle cost
effectiveness, not just the initial cost.
Energy
Efficient
Cost
Effective
U.S. Army
Reserve
Facility
Functional
Esthetically
Pleasing
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1-8
PROJECT DELIVERY
1-8.1
Design/Bid/Build Delivery Process: The majority of USAR facility projects are
delivered through the design/bid/build (D/B/B) process. The Design Agency prepares a
comprehensive and detailed set of construction documents; interested construction
contractors use these documents to prepare competitive “hard” bids for Government
evaluation; and the qualified bidder with the lowest proposed construction price is
awarded the contract for construction at the proposed price.
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1-8.1.2 Under the D/B/B delivery method it is critical that the Design Agency provides
construction documents that clearly define all construction requirements, so that the
Using Service gets the benefit of best possible bids. No issues should remain vague or
be left in a state to be resolved during construction; this could result in differing
assumptions among bidders, bid protests and contractor claims for price increases
during construction.
1-8.1.3 The designer must also keep in mind that bidders are not required to visit the
construction site prior to bidding. The construction documents must allow for preparation
of bids without the necessity of a site visit. Any items identified as options to the base
bid must likewise be fully defined. Both the base bid condition and the option condition
must be adequately illustrated, detailed and specified.
IN
1-8.2
Design/Build Delivery Process: Some USAR projects may be delivered
through a design/build (D/B) process. Under this delivery method the Design Agency
develops a D/B Request for Proposal (RFP) solicitation package. Interested D/B teams
respond with statements of qualifications as well as their proposed construction price.
The proposals are evaluated on price, qualifications, and other items or information
requested in the RFP. The highest-ranked proposing team is awarded a contract to
complete the project design and perform the construction.
Figure 1-6
1-8.2.1 The Using Service, the USAR Installation, and the
USARC, Camp
Design Agency must determine the scope and content of the D/B
Parks, California
RFP. The goal is to provide sufficient project information and
criteria to ensure that the resulting facility will meet standard
USAR requirements for quality, functionality, performance and
esthetics. The facility program and USAR standards must be
defined, and specific Tenant requirements identified.
Qualifications for selection must be described, along with design
completion requirements and submittals.
1-8.2.2 The D/B RFP may include conceptual site and building plans, conceptual
image sketches, and outline specifications.
1-9
PROGRAM SYNOPSIS
1-9.1
A typical facility consists of two major components: the training center and
related maintenance facilities.
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1-9.2
Chapter 4 delineates the functional and environmental requirements for most
individual spaces within the training center and maintenance buildings. Not all projects
will include all of the spaces, nor are all of the possible types of spaces included in this
Design Guide. Specific information on the types and sizes of spaces authorized is
determined by the project documentation. The Design Agency will supplement the
information in this Guide in the project documentation and at the initial design
conference.
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1-9.3
The Army Reserve Center or training center (TC) generally consists of five
main functional groups: administrative, assembly/kitchen, weapons, educational, and
storage. Supporting these main functional groups are the special training and support
areas. Within each group are subordinate functional areas that contribute to the
operation of the group. Circulation and structural space are allocated to each project
based on the size of the other authorized spaces.
1-9.3.1 The administrative group consists of spaces for offices, recruiting/retention,
information technology, administrative support, and a lobby.
1-9.3.1.1 Full-time and unit exclusive office space is dedicated space for full-time
employees and unit supervisors. These may be single or shared offices.
1-9.3.1.2 Unit common office space is shared space for use by non‑supervisory unit
personnel. The unit common workstations are available for use by the various Tenant
units on their assigned drill weekends.
1-9.3.1.3 Supporting spaces include such functions as the mailroom, administrative
support rooms, information technology, recruiting/retention offices, family support office,
and the lobby.
1-9.3.2 The assembly/kitchen group consists of the assembly hall, table and chair
storage, and the kitchen.
IN
1-9.3.2.1 The main element of the assembly group is a multipurpose space for
assembly. The hall serves as a large classroom, a practical training area, a dining room,
and as an area for drills and ceremonies.
1-9.3.2.2 The kitchen serves as a training space for cooks, and is also used to prepare
and serve meals for drills and other events.
1-9.3.3 The weapons group consists of the arms vault, for storage of the Tenants’
weapons, and the armorer’s room, for weapon distribution/return and repair.
1-9.3.4 The educational group consists of classrooms, library reading and storage
rooms, learning center, training aids storage, and communications security (COMSEC)
training and storage rooms. These areas provide instructional space for Reservists
during weekend training periods and testing areas for potential unit members.
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1-9.3.5 The storage group consists of unit/individual storage areas, staging area,
supply offices, and storage spaces for janitorial, facility maintenance, flammables and
controlled waste. The unit/individual storage space is closely related to the assembly
group, which provides a training space for use of the equipment issued from the storage
group.
1-9.3.6 Special training areas, when authorized, include such spaces as physical
training, weapons training, drafting rooms, medical wings, band areas and photo labs.
General-use conference rooms, when authorized, are included as special training
spaces.
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1-9.3.7 Support areas are allocated in proportion to the number of soldiers, or the
size of the other authorized spaces in the facility. They include toilets, showers, locker
rooms, vending, breakroom, and space for mechanical, electrical, and telephone
equipment.
1-9.3.8 A privately-owned vehicle parking area (POV) is typically associated with the
training center.
Figure 1-7
OMS/DS-GS,
Arden Hills,
Minnesota
1-9.4
Maintenance facilities consist of organizational
maintenance shops (OMS), direct support and general support
maintenance shops (DS/GS), area maintenance support activity
shops (AMSA), and maintenance shops of equipment
concentration sites (ECS).
1-9.4.1 These facilities may be collocated with a training
center and with each other. When collocated, the maintenance
workbays will be shared. Military equipment parking areas (MEP)
are also associated with these facilities.
IN
1-9.4.2 OMS and DS/GS Shops are used primarily to train Reserve mechanics,
although some full-time employees may be assigned to these facilities.
1-9.4.3 AMSA and ECS maintenance facilities have the same requirements and will
both be referred to as AMSA. These shops are used primarily to service vehicles, using
a full-time staff. The bulk of maintenance work is performed in these shops.
1-9.4.4 An ECS is a large storage site with outdoor parking areas and enclosed
warehousing of military equipment, typically located at a larger Government installation.
The ECS is designed not only to store equipment but also to efficiently issue and return
equipment used in training exercises. Facilities which may be associated with an ECS, if
included in the project documentation, are an MEP, fuel dispensing system, loading
ramp, wash platform, indoor equipment storage warehouse, combat vehicle arms vault,
fencing, security lighting and an AMSA.
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1-9.4.5
Common OMS/AMSA/ECS Configurations
1-9.4.5.1 As a separate location, supporting USAR units in a geographical area, a
typical AMSA will consist of an AMSA building with POV area and MEP.
1-9.4.5.2 When collocated with an OMS, and supporting USAR units in a geographical
area, there will typically be an OMS/AMSA building with shared workbays, a shared
POV area, and an MEP.
1-10
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1-9.4.5.3 If in a separate location, and supporting only an ECS, there will typically be an
AMSA building, POV area, MEP, and any other ancillary facilities as provided for in the
project documents.
USAR PROJECT FUNDING
1-10.1 The Government generally utilizes two sources of funding for new and
add/alter USAR projects: MCAR, and Operation and Maintenance Army Reserve
(OMAR) funds. The construction documents must identify all OMAR-funded items so
that the bidders can provide separate pricing. Cost estimates must also differentiate the
two types of funds, and OMAR items must be further divided into furniture and collateral
equipment. A list of OMAR-funded collateral equipment is in Appendix C.
1-10.1.1 All fixed site and building construction is typically MCAR funded. Unless
otherwise directed, all required built-in equipment and furnishings are also MCAR
funded and will be included in the design of the project, to be furnished and installed by
the construction contractor.
IN
1-10.1.2 Moveable equipment (items not built into the construction or hard-connected
to utilities, and which could be relocated to another facility for reuse) and some specialty
items are OMAR‑funded. They will also be included in the design, to be furnished and
installed by the construction contractor. Finally, furnishings and some specialty
equipment are OMAR-funded, and will be included for information only in the design
documents, but will typically be furnished by the Using Service under a separate
contract. The Design Agency will prepare a separate package for furniture acquisition.
1-10.2 The \3\Full Facility Restoration (FFR)/3/, Minor Maintenance and Repair
(MMR), and other programs are also OMAR-funded. These programs generally use
simplified design methods to design and construct projects within annual OMAR funding
cycles; utilize the Design Guide as the starting point for project designs.
1-10.2.1 In the FFR program, all building components in the affected buildings, and the
utility infrastructure, are evaluated for remaining useful life, and for compliance with
current building and life safety codes. Systems and components that are at or near
failure, or in serious need of modernization, are replaced with current products
approved by the Using Service.
1-10.2.2 FFR projects are further evaluated against Plant Replacement Value (PRV),
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as defined by AR 420-10, and cannot exceed 50% of PRV without specific approval of
the appropriate Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army.
1-10.2.3 The majority of FFR projects consist of maintenance and repair (M&R), or
health/life safety work. These projects are funded from different subsets of the OMAR
“K” account.
1-10.2.4 FFR projects may include some incidental new Minor Construction work in
order to provide complete and usable USAR facilities. This work is funded from the
OMAR “L” account; the current limits on the allowable construction cost must be verified
and not exceeded.
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1-10.2.5 Cost estimates for FFR projects must differentiate the amounts to be funded
from different OMAR accounts, as directed by the Using Service.
1-10.3 Real Property Exchange (RPX) projects involve the exchange of Army
Reserve property and/or facilities for property or facilities owned or built-to- suit by other
Governmental units or the private sector. The entity with which the USAR makes such
an exchange is the “exchange partner.” The exchange partner typically provides the
funding for any facility design and construction to be acquired by the USAR in such
exchanges, and often provides both the design and construction of the facility,
transferring ownership to the USAR when the project is ready for occupancy.
1-11
CONSTRUCTION CONTRACT AWARD
1-11.1 The construction contracts for many of the USAR projects are awarded solely
on the basis of lowest bid, after an open, competitive bidding process. Other contracts
may be awarded on the basis of price among other qualifications, and some contracts
may be set-aside for award to small or small, disadvantaged businesses, on the basis of
price, or price among other qualifications.
IN
1-11.2 The construction documents must be complete and comprehensive to ensure,
to the extent possible, that all work required is shown or described. No details or other
parts of the work should be left for resolution during construction. This will help ensure
that all prospective construction contractors are basing their bids or proposals on the
same construction work effort.
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CHAPTER 2
PLANNING GUIDELINES
2-1
INTRODUCTION
2-1.1
The goal of the site and building planning process is to develop one or more
site/building concepts for a functional and efficient facility. In addition to meeting USAR
criteria and standards, the facility should fit well into the surrounding environment, and
accommodate existing and future development to the extent possible.
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2-1.2
A wide variety of factors must be considered in the site and building planning
process; this Chapter identifies and discusses some of them. The Design Agency must
ensure that all appropriate factors are considered, including those that are specific to
the project site.
2-1.3
The two main documents submitted to the designer, prior to beginning design
for a facility, are the project documents (see 1-2.2.1) and this Guide. The project
documents lists the authorized spaces and their respective areas for a specific project.
This Guide provides design criteria and application guidelines which will be used in the
development of the project. Use of these two documents will help the designer to quickly
produce the schematic design and design development of the proposed facility.
2-2
DESIGN AND REGULATORY CRITERIA AND THEIR APPLICATION
2-2.1
The Design Agency must become familiar with the following design and
regulatory criteria and apply them to the planning, and later the design process. It is
important that applicable criteria be identified early in the planning process to avoid
revisions being required at a later point. In cases where criteria are in conflict, the more
stringent criteria generally applies; questions concerning conflicting criteria should be
presented to the Using Service for resolution.
Figure 2-1
Project Design Development
USAR Standards and Criteria:
IN
2-2.1.1
Project Documents,
This Design Guide, and
USAR Design Process and Submittal
Requirements
2-2.1.2 Engineering, Design and Other
Guidance Criteria See Appendix A.
Codes
Project
Documents
+
Local
Conditions
2-2.1.3 Codes, Regulations and Utility
Requirements
Criteria
Site
and
Building
Concept
Design
Guide
User
Input
2-2.1.3.1 The Using Service has identified UFC 1-200-01 as guidance for the use of
model building codes for design and construction of Army Reserve Facilities. This UFC
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references the International Building Code (IBC) as the basis for building design. The
UFC contains specific instructions regarding application of IBC chapters, and for fire
protection and life safety requirements refer to UFC 3-600-01 “Fire Protection
Engineering For Facilities”. UFC 3-600-01 governs fire protection requirements and
includes National Fire Codes and other specific NFPA criteria, such as NFPA 101 for
exiting requirements and NFPA 30A for maintenance shops.
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2-2.1.3.2 For facilities not located on federal military installations, the Design Agency
must identify local (state, county, city, etc.) codes, regulations, and utility requirements
which would be applicable to a typical building project at the site, and determine their
applicability to the USAR project. The criteria identified in paragraph 2-2.1.3.1 generally
takes precedence over local code requirements unless local code requirements are
more stringent.
2-2.1.3.2.1 If the project site is owned by the Federal Government, it may be a
“Federal reservation,” and compliance with all local codes and regulations is not
necessarily required under the Doctrine of Supremacy. However, USAR strives to be a
“good neighbor” in the communities of its citizen soldiers, and prefers to comply with
local codes and regulations, unless such compliance would be particularly onerous or
costly or reduce the level of safety within this facility. Using Service encourages the
Design Agency to meet with local code and regulatory officials to review the project and
the local requirements, and to present any recommendations for non-compliance with
local regulations to the Using Service for resolution.
2-2.1.3.2.2 Property owned by the Federal Government may also be under concurrent
jurisdiction of the local and Federal Government, by agreement. If so, compliance with
local codes and regulations is generally required. However, the Using Service still
encourages the Design Agency to meet with local code and regulatory officials to review
the project and the local requirements, and to present any recommendations for
noncompliance with local regulations to the Using Service for resolution.
2-2.1.3.3 In general, on a Federal reservation, Federal
Supremacy Doctrine applies. The local building and zoning
codes do not apply; no building permit will be required, nor will
construction inspections be performed by local building officials.
Local fire codes and utility requirements generally do apply, since
these organizations will be the likely service providers to the
facility. Other local requirements also generally apply, such as
those governing environmental, drainage, traffic, and similar
issues.
IN
Figure 2-2
USARC, Green
Bay, Wisconsin
2-2.1.3.4 The Design Agency must identify any submittal or permitting requirements,
and address them. This can be achieved either by the Design Agency making required
submittals and applications, or by incorporating the requirement into the construction
documents for contractor implementation. If application and permitting responsibilities
are assigned to the construction contractor, the Design Agency must obtain and fill out
applications as completely as possible, and convey them to the COE construction
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district for contractor use and completion. The Design Agency must also identify any
fees the contractor will be required to pay, and include them in the cost estimate and
construction documents.
2-2.1.3.5 On a non-Federal reservation USAR facility, such as a leased facility, local
codes and regulations apply as they would for any private-sector project, and building
permits and inspections will be required.
2-2.1.4
Installation Design Guidance
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2-2.1.4.1 If the USAR project site is on a larger Government installation, it is likely the
property owner will have installation design guidance applicable to the project, such as
an Installation Design Guide. The Design Agency must identify any such guidance, and
work with the Using Service to determine its applicability.
2-2.1.4.2 On a larger Government installation, there typically will also be a public works
or similar department, which is likely to have its own requirements for construction on
the installation. This department may also control some or all of the utility services. The
Design Agency should coordinate its design with the appropriate department personnel.
2-2.1.5
Corps of Engineers Design Guidance
2-2.1.5.1 The Corps of Engineers design or construction District may have design
guidance, such as Architect/Engineering Instructions, District Design Guides, or
construction details that may be applicable. The Design Agency and the Using Service
must determine their applicability.
\3\ /3/
IN
2-2.2
\3\ Sustainable Development and Design (SDD) - DA policy requires all new
vertical construction projects with climate controlled facilities be designed using the US
Green Building Council (USGBC) Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design for
New Construction and Major Renovations (LEED-NC) rating tool to score and assign a
rating level (certified, Silver, Gold or Platinum) to the projects. The Design Agency will
visit the USGBC website (www.usgbc.org) to become familiar with the program and
obtain the rating tool. All projects after FY08 shall achieve a minimum LEED-NC rating
of Silver. The processes for achieving this policy may be found in the “USACE Army
LEED Implementation Guide” (https://eko.usace.army.mil/_kd/go.cfm?destination=)Sho
wItem&Item_ID=47308./3/
2-3ENVIRONMENTAL
In general, an Environmental Baseline Study (EBS) and an Environmental
2-3.1
Assessment (EA), with a finding of no significant impact (FONSI), must be completed for
each USAR project. Preparation of these documents is the responsibility of the RSC, but
the design team must become familiar with any requirements from the studies which are
to be included in the design, such as erosion control measures.
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2-3.2
See Paragraph 2-2.1.3.4 above for environmental permitting requirements.
2-4SITE SELECTION AND PLANNING
2-4.1
General Selection and Planning Criteria
2-4.1.1 In most cases, the project site will have already been selected, based on the
following characteristics. If the Design Agency is involved in site selection, the factors
below, along with the budget, are important factors to be considered. For additional site
selection considerations, see Section 2-5, Antiterrorism/Force Protection.
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2-4.1.1.1 A relatively level site, suitable for the parking of military training vehicles.
2-4.1.1.2 A high public visibility of the training center building.
2-4.1.1.3 A buffered area of the site should be available to mask the noise and
disruption caused by exterior training exercises and military equipment usage.
2-4.1.1.4 An easily accessible site.
Figure 2-4
Typical Reserve Center Site Plan
IN
Figure 2-3
Site Access
2-4.1.2 The standard USAR training facility consists of the training building, the
organizational maintenance shop (OMS) with military equipment parking (MEP) area,
and the privately-owned vehicle (POV) parking area. The interrelationship of these
spaces and their appropriate site orientation require careful study. As the major point of
activity and public access, the training center building should dominate the community
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interface of the entire facility and must be visible from adjacent public areas. The MEP
and OMS also should be located relatively near the training center building for
economical accessibility and to afford a showcase for public relations purposes. The
location of the OMS and MEP, and whether community concerns necessitate visual
screening of these functions, should be reviewed with the Tenants.
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2-4.1.3 As a general rule, the training center building, due to its high usage and the
desire to provide high community visual presence, will be located on the most visible
side of the site. The POV parking area is best located behind or adjacent to the training
center building. The OMS/AMSA is an individual structure located away from the training
center building to minimize noise and disruption. Most Tenants prefer that the
administrative portions of any OMS/AMSA building be nearest the training center.
2-4.1.4 The general direction above tends to divide the site into two zones: an
administrative zone for the training center and the POV, and a more utilitarian zone for
the OMS and MEP. If possible, without duplication of roadways, a site design should be
developed to minimize vehicle circulation interference between traffic for the two zones
2-4.1.5 Site access must be direct, safe and efficient to minimize the environmental
impact of military vehicle traffic. The design should minimize access points but provide
adequate acceleration and deceleration lanes at the primary entrance(s). Standard
traffic planning practices will be adhered to. To the extent practical, keep POV and
military traffic separated. Avoid, if possible, restrictions for site entrance and exit, such
as “right-in, right-out” access only.
2-4.1.6 The schematic design concepts for both the site and the buildings should be
based on a simple, logical idea which satisfies the requirements of the program, site,
Tenant functions and long life maintenance. Each project is individual and requires a
concentrated effort to develop the appropriate solution.
Figure 2-5
Typical AMSA Site Plan
IN
Figure 2-6
Typical ECS Site Plan
2-4.1.7 The building and main facility entrance should be apparent to passing traffic
while meeting Antiterrorism/Force Protection (AT/FP) requirements, to ensure
community visibility and ease of access. Visitor parking and the main entry to be used
by building visitors should also be readily identifiable.
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2-4.1.8 AMSA and/or ECS sites, when not collocated with a training center or OMS,
should be arranged for functionality and vehicle access with consideration for future
expansion.
2-4.1.9 When practical, orient the longest sides of buildings along an east-west axis.
This orientation will generally result in most windows facing north and south to minimize
solar heat gain. At extreme latitudes, energy savings may be better with different
building orientations.
2-4.2
Availability of Utilities
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2-4.2.1 It is the Design Agency’s responsibility to verify availability and capacities of
all utilities required for the project. Contacts will be made with the utility providers, and
records of all discussions should be made and copied to the provider. Any required
applications, permits, reviews, fees, design/construction requirements, or service
upgrades should be identified, and their impacts on design and construction costs and
schedules should be calculated. If alternative providers exist for any utility, the designer
should identify the alternatives to the Design Agency as early in the design process as
possible, and verify whether a formal study of the alternatives is desired to provide
comparative costs, benefits, and drawbacks.
2-4.2.2 It is obviously preferable that utilities be available at or near the boundaries of
the site. Extension of off-site utilities to the site will likely require third party (utility
company, municipality, utility district) engineering and/or construction, and possibly
acquisition of additional utility easements. Any such off-site work will require additional
lead time, and may require formal requests or petitions for approval.
IN
2-4.2.3 Development of on-site systems is not generally desirable; additional land
may be required to prevent interference with on-site water supply and waste water
disposal systems. In addition, development of sufficient on-site water supply or storage
for fire protection and waste water treatment capabilities will add appreciably to typical
project costs.
2-4.2.4 Gas, electric and telecommunications utilities operate in a competitive
environment in many locations, and more than one source of service may be available
to the site. Service area agreements between utilities may also be in effect that will limit
which utility will service the site and need to be investigated. Information regarding
standard rates for utility connection fees, capacity charges or area assessments and
their method of payment should be collected.
2-4.2.5 Many Government installations have “privatized” the utility systems which
were formerly under the ownership and operational control of the installation’s
Department or Directorate of Public Works. The privatized utility system owner should
be determined and the necessary information gathered as outlined above. Utilities
brought onto the site and constructed by the utility owner may also require that an
easement be designated over the utility line to allow the utility company access to
maintain and service its line(s). The Government generally prefers to avoid easements
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where practical.
2-4.2.6 On some Government installations, the installation may be a potential utility
provider. The design team must verify that the Government has sufficient utility capacity,
and also what entity would be responsible for the design, construction and funding of
any required upgrades or extensions to the utility service.
2-4.3
Existing Jurisdictional Agreements
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2-4.3.1 Some training centers or Government installations have written agreements
with local jurisdictions which govern fire service, utilities, roadways, and similar issues.
The designer must verify whether such agreements exist, and ensure that any
requirements they impose are incorporated into the project planning.
2-4.3.2 If the facility is located near a civilian or military airport, the designer must
verify the airport authority’s requirements, which may not be written into any agreement
but will still apply to project construction and operation. There may be height restrictions
affecting both construction operations and the finished building(s), other airspace
envelope restrictions, and requirements for noise insulation which must be a part of the
planning process.
2-4.4
Floodways
2-4.4.1 All sites will be investigated to verify whether they contain designated
floodways; this is typically a part of the EBS/EA effort. The information is normally
available from local planning and zoning officials, or from public works water resources
or planning sections on Government installations that have a public works directorate or
department. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) publishes maps of
formally studied and designated floodways; their information is normally available
through the state agencies responsible for the implementation of the state’s flood plain
or flood protection program.
IN
2-4.4.2 The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers District (Civil Works) in which the site is
located will also have information as to whether or not the site is protected by a Corps
flood protection project.
2-4.4.3 Not all sites that flood are documented as part of a formal flood plain study or
shown on floodway maps; this is usually referred to as small localized flooding, but may
have a significant effect on any one site. Therefore, investigation of local reports of
flooding on the sites may be needed. Many times, these reports are verbal or included
in local newspapers. A preliminary hydrology/hydraulic analysis may be needed to
determine the relative frequency and level of flooding that will need to be mitigated by
design of the site.
2-4.4.4 Floodway areas cannot normally be developed. Filling of flood fringe areas is
restricted and will require re-analysis of floodway hydraulics if fill depths are exceeded;
such filling may not be allowed.
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2-4.5
Traffic Impacts
2-4.5.1 The development of an Army Reserve Center will normally result in additional
traffic to the existing roadways at the site access point(s). As noted above, such access
points should be minimized. The roadway from which access is gained will generally be
under the jurisdiction of a public agency (state Department of Transportation, county,
township or municipality). A Government installation with a public works department will
be responsible for the installation roadways.
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2-4.5.2 The responsible agency for the accessed roadway should be identified and
contacted to review the project traffic planning. The designer should verify that the
responsible agency has not delegated roadway use and planning to a subordinate
agency or level (i.e., a state highway for which the state Department of Transportation is
allowing the local municipality to determine turn lane requirements). As with utilities, any
required applications, permits, reviews, fees, design/construction requirements, or
service upgrades should be identified, and their impacts on design and construction
costs and schedules should be calculated.
2-4.5.3 An estimate of the traffic generation information for the facility should be
developed for the review with the responsible agency. It is not unusual for such
agencies to limit the number and location of access points, or to require directional
access (left- and right-hand turns), turn lanes, acceleration/deceleration lanes, or
alignment and spacing in relation to existing access points.
2-4.5.4 Work on the accessed roadway is normally off-site construction and the
responsible agency may or may not allow construction by another agency or “private”
party within its right-of-way. The procedures for designing, permitting and implementing
this roadway work and associated fees must be identified. The responsible roadway
agency may also require a performance bond in its name for the value of the work in
their right-of-way, if the construction is accomplished as part of the Government’s site
construction contract.
Military Vehicle Information
IN
2-4.6
2-4.6.1 The designers should verify what types of vehicles the Tenants will employ,
and design site circulation and parking to accommodate them. These may include
commercial delivery vehicles as well as the military vehicles operated and maintained
by the unit(s). Site roadways and MEP areas are typically designed with turning radii to
accommodate commercial over-the-road trucks, unless the Tenants indicate that they
have vehicles which require larger maneuvering allowances.
2-4.6.2 The Tenants can provide a list of their vehicles and the delivery vehicles they
anticipate, and should be able to provide vehicle specifications. Specifications for
military vehicles can also be found in the technical bulletin TB 55-46-1, “Standard
Characteristics for Transportability of Military Vehicles”, available online at the web site
www.tea.army.mil/ (Permission required from web site to view publications). This TB lists
weights, but does not include turning radii; the designer will verify maximum anticipated
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turning radius vehicle with the Tenants, and ask them to provide the specs for that
vehicle.
2-5
ANTITERRORISM/FORCE PROTECTION (AT/FP)
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2-5.1
Terrorist attacks have demonstrated the vulnerability of U.S. military and
civilian personnel, and the facilities in which they work. To address this vulnerability, the
Department of Defense (DoD) established standards to ensure that force protection
measures are incorporated into the budgeting, planning, design and construction of Military Construction (MILCON) funded facilities. The standards address both new
construction and major renovation projects. They include minimum construction
requirements, as well as measures that can be applied where higher threat levels are
identified by the USAR Installation. The Design Agency must request that a threat
assessment be provided to identify the threat level at the proposed project site.
2-5.2
AT/FP criteria applies to the design of all USAR facilities, and UFC 4-010-01
provides the mandatory guidance. The design team must verify what is applicable to the
specific project and the appropriate USAR installation security personnel must be
involved in discussions and design of AT/FP features/considerations.
2-5.3
This criteria mandates measures to be taken in both site and building design,
and can have appreciable impact on site and building planning, and on construction
cost. Designers are advised to incorporate AT/FP requirements at the earliest stages of
design. A brief summary of some of the minimum construction requirements:
2-5.3.1 The AT/FP site criteria require, at a minimum, provision of standoff zones to
separate buildings from parking, roadways, and other buildings. The standoff zones
increase the minimum amount of land required to provide a compliant and functional
site layout, and should be considered during site selection. For elevated threat levels,
vehicle barriers might be required.
IN
2-5.3.2 Several building design/construction measures address structural design and
the threat of progressive collapse in the event of a bomb blast. These measures
discourage building designs of more than two stories due to the associated costs.
2-5.3.3 Other measures address locations of certain spaces, exterior glazing, utility
locations/routing, locations of HVAC air intakes, landscaping, etc.
2-5.4
\1\ Mass Notification Systems in Military Construction Projects. To reduce the
risk of mass casualties, there must be a timely means to notify building occupants of
threats and what should be done in response to those threats. Mass notification is defined as the capability to provide real-time information to all building occupants, or
personnel in the immediate vicinity of a building, during emergency situations.
UFC 4‑021‑01 provides additional guidance on mass notification systems./1/
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2-6
LANDSCAPE
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2-6.1
Landscaping must be an integral part of the facilities design process. Good
landscape planning affords many valuable benefits. Planting design reflects an
understanding of facilities goals and objectives, an appreciation for existing site
conditions and an ability to enhance the outdoor environment through the integration of
natural and cultural conditions in a sensitive and pragmatic manner.
Figure 2-7
Landscape Planting
2-6.2
Architectural character and sense
of place is supported by proper landscape
design, which introduces aspects of scale,
color, texture, form, etc., to the living
environment.
2-6.3
Traffic direction influenced by
design of planted areas and strategic
location of plant materials can support
aspects of wayfinding and reduce the need
for supplemental site graphics. Good design
encourages safety and assists in the
resolution of conflicts between the
automobile and the pedestrian.
2-6.4
Appropriate selection and location of plants reduces water erosion,
emphasizes ecological control, lessens proximate environmental impact and promotes
clean water through the introduction of natural filtration methods.
IN
2-6.5
Landscaping provides environmental buffers from harsh winds and intense
solar conditions. Strategically located windbreaks minimize the effects of wind erosion
and snow disposition upon the outdoor environment. Proper selection and location of
tree species promote energy savings and create more comfortable and habitable
outdoor places.
2-6.6
Plant materials provide focus and reinforce positive views. Proper landscape
treatment can screen unsightly structural elements and buffer poor visual panoramas.
2-6.7
Quality, usable outdoor spaces are created through an understanding of
existing conditions, programmatic needs and well-developed landscape architectural
concepts. Landscape design and the selection of materials must reflect the mission of
the facility and Tenants’ needs. Planting must be functionally and esthetically
appropriate and reflect aspects of safety and security as outlined in the Department of
Defense Antiterrorism/Force Protection Standards.
2-6.8
Plant material selection will afford permanent, low maintenance appropriate to
the facility’s location. Vegetation must be able to be maintained with a minimum effort,
be vandal resistant, hardy and disease resistant. The use of drought tolerant,
indigenous vegetation that incorporates aspects of sustainability is strongly encouraged.
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2-6.9
Trees, shrubs and groundcovers must be hardy to the region in which the
facility is located and must be horticulturally appropriate to the site specific location in
which they are planted. Consideration should be given to adjacent structures and
improvements such that the landscaping does not adversely impact them. On some
Government installations, the Department of Public Works (DPW) may have a list of
preferred plant materials.
2-6.10 Trees and shrubs should be carefully selected to prevent clogged gutters and
drains by leaves and blocked sewer lines due to root damage.
2-7
2-7.1
2-7.1.1
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2-6.11 Refer to UFC 3-210-05FA for comprehensive landscape design
considerations.
BUILDINGS
General Design Considerations.
Esthetics – Architectural Style and Character
2-7.1.1.1 The military facility, by its presence, represents national security, strength,
austerity, efficiency, professionalism and pride in country and community.
2-7.1.1.2 Each facility is also the home and workplace of the soldiers it houses, and
should provide them with a feeling of pride and ownership. An attractive facility can
enhance the Tenants’ sense of identity, and serve as one tool for the recruitment of new
soldiers.
2-7.1.1.3 The architecture should be sensitive to the style, scale and materials of the
local region not only for esthetics but also for function. Many local building forms and
design statements are a direct outgrowth of a region’s environmental and cultural
characteristics.
IN
2-7.1.1.4 The facility’s style should blend into the existing architecture of the
surroundings. Although trendy designs should be avoided, a facility distinctive in
appearance can enhance the Tenants’ sense of identity and pride of ownership. The
character should also evoke a sense of pride in the nearby neighbors as well as the
entire community. The USAR wants to be a good neighbor, and a solid member of the
community.
2-7.1.1.5 Materials should be selected to be esthetically pleasing, easily maintained,
and cost effective. Standard exterior finish materials approved by the Using Service are
described in Chapter 3.
2-7.1.1.6 Many training center spaces will not have windows, for security reasons or by
Tenant preference, such as unit storage, COMSEC training and storage, AGCCS, SCIF,
and others. The designer may want to locate these spaces away from major facades to
allow use of fenestration on those elevations.
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Figure 2-8
ARRTC VOQ,
2-7.1.2
Flexibility and Economy
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2-7.1.2.1 Internal flexibility should be planned as much as
possible to absorb much of the growth and change of the facility
over its life as units change their training emphasis. For
example, a facility may be designed to accommodate infantry
training and then, after a period of time, may need to be changed
to accommodate a medical unit. This may require additional
maintenance/shop space and a decrease in the unit storage
area. If a facility is designed with internal flexibility of building
systems, it can accommodate change more economically.
Therefore, the design of office areas should not be too closely
tailored to the units currently assigned but should be more generic in design, providing a
balanced ratio of exclusive office space to common office space.
2-7.1.2.2 External flexibility should also be planned to accommodate the potential for
growth of the facility. This requires proper siting and utility planning, and a building
systems approach to design, universally applied to the facility.
2-7.1.2.3 Economy of design will be taken in its broadest sense: initial cost,
maintenance, and building system flexibility. Consider the following flexible building
systems:
2-7.1.2.3.1 Architectural: Durable and easily maintainable finishes, \2\ carpet tile/2/,
detailing which largely avoids custom fabrication, use of standard doors and windows,
etc.
IN
2-7.1.2.3.2 Structural: Strive for a regular column spacing layout, preferably at 32 feet
(9600 mm) each direction, to provide remodeling and interior space planning flexibility
and economical structural systems.
Figure 2-9
Flexibility for Future
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2-7.1.2.3.3 Mechanical: For large reserve centers, use VAV or fan coil systems which
allow simple relocation or addition of zones to meet future zoning requirements. Design
of systems shall be integrated within the SDD considerations.
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2-7.1.2.3.4 Electrical: Manufactured flexible wiring for light fixtures in lay-in ceilings,
warehouse and storage area ceilings. Main electrical room and electrical closets located
adjacent to load centers. Telephone rooms and IT rooms located in the center of the
building within 150 feet (50 meters) of the most remote outlet. Spare capacity in
distribution equipment for future expansion or additional loads. Run empty conduits for
future expansion areas. Run cable trays for communication wiring. To extend power
supply and communication system to electrified partitions, use power poles in existing
buildings and use flush floor boxes/poke-through boxes in new facilities.\3\ /3/.
2-7.1.2.4 Provisions for future expansion must be designed into each project, especially
new centers. In the training center buildings, expansion will primarily consist of
administrative, classroom and unit storage spaces. The OMS will be sited to allow for
the construction of additional workbays. MEP and POV areas will be sited to
accommodate increased parking requirements associated with increases in personnel
and equipment.
2-7.1.3
New Construction, Alterations and Additions
IN
2-7.1.3.1 The criteria and requirements contained within this Guide pertain to all three
types of projects: new construction, alterations and additions. It is recognized, however,
that due to the architectural configuration of the existing facilities and the remaining life
of its systems and other considerations, it may not be feasible in alteration projects to
meet all new construction standards. Professional judgment is required to design a
building which combines old and new portions into a harmonious finished design to
provide a complete and usable facility at the lowest life cycle cost. As soon as possible
after design initiation, the Design Agency should conduct a detailed facility investigation
to establish the limits of construction. These limits will be stated in narrative form along
with a checklist of required repairs/demolition to be included with the Project
Engineering, preconcept (10 percent), or charette submission. Investigations will include
the following:
2-7.1.3.1.1 Review required real property maintenance and repair work. Consult the
facility manager and the USAR Installation (BMAR) list.
2-7.1.3.1.2 Verify accuracy of as-built drawings.
2-7.1.3.1.3 Determine adequacy of supporting utilities.
2-7.1.3.1.4 Determine the status of the following building components: structural, fire
protection, electrical, plumbing, and HVAC systems; windows; roof; exterior and interior
walls; doors and hardware; stairways; insulation.
2-7.1.3.1.5 Based on the above and the Project Documents, recommendations as to
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the extent of the demolition and remodeling, including reuse or replacement of existing
equipment, for the consideration of the Using Service.
2-7.1.3.2 The Government will perform any studies required to verify economic viability
or remaining life of existing facilities (AR PAM 415-3) considered for alterations or
additions.
2-7.2
Training Center (TC) Functional Relationships
2-7.2.1
General
Figure 2-10
Training Center Adjacencies
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2-7.2.1.1 The training center spaces are
organized into the following groups:
Administrative, Assembly/Kitchen, Weapons,
Educational, Storage, Special Training and
Support.
2-7.2.1.2 As a general rule, the TC should be
organized so that the spaces in each group
are adjacent or in close proximity; i.e.,
administrative spaces should be grouped to
the extent possible, possibly in one wing of the
building. This is not necessarily true of all the
storage, special training, and support group
spaces.
2-7.2.1.3 The janitorial, facility maintenance,
support and similar spaces should be distributed throughout the building. The special
training spaces should be located near spaces similar in function, or near the specific
Tenants that utilize them most. In some cases, such as a band room, the spaces may
function best if they can be somewhat isolated from other functions. Tenant preferences
should always be considered, along with overall flexibility.
IN
Figure 2-11
USARC, Green
Bay,
Wisconsin
2-7.2.1.4 The training center typically functions efficiently when
organized around a central lobby space, so that circulation distances are minimized. The elevator and a stair should be
adjacent to the lobby in multistory training centers.
2-7.2.1.5
Administrative Adjacencies
2-7.2.1.5.1 Some of the administrative spaces should be adjacent
to the lobby. There is no receptionist, so a full-time office or the
recruiting/retention office should be located to monitor the lobby.
2-7.2.1.5.2 Full-time offices should be clustered around unit
common space, and located on exterior walls to allow windows to
the extent possible. Full-time offices that cannot be placed around
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the unit common should generally be located on main corridors. Multiple, smaller unit
commons areas with offices surrounding them are typically preferable to a single, large
unit common, for reasons of flexibility. It is preferable that all administrative areas are
within 50 feet (15 meters) of a restroom.
2-7.2.1.5.3 Exclusive offices require the same adjacencies as full-time offices.
Figure 2-12
Lobby and Full-time Office
2-7.2.1.5.4 Unit common space
should be adjacent to full-time and
exclusive offices, and to administrative
support spaces.
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2-7.2.1.5.5 The recruiting retention
office should be adjacent to the lobby for
both monitoring and ease of location by
potential recruits and existing soldiers.
2-7.2.1.5.6 The message center/
mailroom should be located away from
heavily populated areas and critical
infrastructure of the building, and on an outside wall, as AT/FP measures. The travel
distance to other administrative areas should be as short as possible while maintaining
AT/FP criteria.
Figure 2-14
Multiple Unit Commons
IN
Figure 2-13
Office/Unit Common Relationship
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2-7.2.1.5.7 \3\ Family support office should be adjacent or near to the lobby to allow
easy access for visiting family members./3/
2-7.2.1.6 Assembly/Kitchen Adjacencies
Figure 2-15
USARC, Ft. Dodge,
Iowa
2-7.2.1.6.1 The kitchen and the chair and table storage
spaces will always be adjacent to the assembly hall; the
meals from the kitchen are served in the assembly hall, and
the storage space is the location for the assembly hall
furniture when it is not in use.
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2-7.2.1.6.2 The assembly hall should also be adjacent to
the arms vault and armorer; weapons are issued from the
armorer, and weapons training sometimes occurs in the
assembly hall.
2-7.2.1.6.3 An adjacency with the lobby should be considered; the lobby can provide
the gathering and dispersal space required for large numbers of people.
2-7.2.1.6.4 The kitchen is best located at the rear of the building; the equipment and
refuse associated with the kitchen should not be on a building visitor’s entry path.
2-7.2.1.7 Weapons Adjacencies
Figure 2-16
Assembly Hall Adjacencies
Arms Vault
Chair
Storage
Kitchen
Assembly
Hall
IN
Unit
Storage
2-7.2.1.7.1 The armorer is always
located immediately adjacent to the
arms vault; entry to the arms vault
must be through the armorer’s space
for control of the weapons.
Classrooms
2-7.2.1.7.2 The weapons area
should also be near, or open directly
into, the assembly hall, as weapons
training sometimes occurs in the
assembly hall.
2-7.2.1.7.3 The weapons area
should also be near the staging area
for ease of moving all weapons onto
transport for maneuvers.
Admin.
2-7.2.1.7.4 The weapons area should be on a circulation route that is frequently used
to provide additional security against attempted theft.
2-7.2.1.7.5 The vault should not be located on an outside wall for security reasons.
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2-7.2.1.8 Educational Adjacencies
2-7.2.1.8.1 The educational group of spaces is preferably located away from the
administrative areas to minimize noise as soldiers come and go, and near an exit.
Classrooms should be grouped together, off a single corridor if possible, and with
training aids storage adjacent.
2-7.2.1.8.2 The library reading, library storage, and learning center should be grouped
together. These spaces are generally used for individual study, and need not be
immediately adjacent to the classrooms.
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2-7.2.1.8.3 The COMSEC training and storage rooms should be adjacent with entry to
the storage room from the training room. They should be located near the classrooms.
2-7.2.1.9 Storage Adjacencies
2-7.2.1.9.1 Unit/individual storage should be located near the assembly hall, which
may be used for training with or maintaining the equipment.
2-7.2.1.9.2 Supply offices are typically located in the unit storage space, and
overlooking the staging area, to provide the supply officers with visual monitoring
capability of the stored materials. An exterior wall location, with a window overlooking
the service drive access to the staging area is generally preferred.
2-7.2.1.9.3 The staging area is also located in the unit storage space, with an
overhead door to an exterior driveway, to allow efficient marshaling of the equipment
and transfer onto transport. Some Tenants prefer a depressed loading dock
arrangement outside the staging area if site conditions allow.
IN
Figure 2-17
Janitorial and Toilets
2-7.2.1.9.4 The janitorial and facility
maintenance spaces should be centrally
located to be convenient for maintenance of
the building, off a main corridor for easy
access. In larger buildings, it is desirable to
use the authorized space to create multiple
rooms throughout the building for maintenance
convenience. Janitorial spaces should be
located near toilets, where practical, for
plumbing efficiency.
2-7.2.1.9.5 A portion of the facility
maintenance space should be dedicated to
recycling, with an area to sort and store
recyclable materials awaiting pick up. This
area should be located near an exit for easy transfer, preferably an exit that is
accessible to vehicles.
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2-7.2.1.9.6 Flammable storage and controlled waste storage are not typically
authorized for training center buildings collocated with an OMS. If authorized, these
spaces should be on an exterior wall with only an exterior access. They should also be
near a vehicle access for easy transfer to transport for delivery to and removal from the
facility.
2-7.2.1.10
Special Training Adjacencies
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2-7.2.1.10.1 Medical section, physical exam, photo lab, soils testing lab, drafting room,
GCCS, and some less common special training spaces have no specific adjacencies.
They should be located near the unit that has the mission they support, and some
should be separated from noisier activities.
2-7.2.1.10.2 The weapons training space now utilizes an electronic simulator, the \2\
Laser Marksmanship Training System (LMTS) /2/, or Engagement Skills Trainer (EST)
and has no specific adjacencies. The electronic weapons used can be stored in the
secure storage room; they need not be in the arms vault. Weapons training could be
located near the classrooms for possible occasional use as a classroom.
2-7.2.1.10.3 The band room is often located near the assembly hall; however, the main
criteria for its location is minimizing sound transmission to other parts of the building,
especially to administrative and classroom areas.
IN
2-7.2.1.10.4 The physical readiness space should be located adjacent to toilets,
showers and lockers, and remote from the main entry and formal spaces. The space
should have a short route of access to the exterior, since many of the soldiers will run as
part of their training – a door directly to the exterior is desirable, if practical, but should
avoid the main entry path to the building.
Figure 2-18
Conference Room
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2-7.2.1.10.5 A conference room for a training center is almost always associated with a
General officer, and should be located within 50 ft (15 m) of the General’s office, and
adjacent to full-time staff. In most instances, it will be located within the General’s suite.
2-7.2.1.11Support Adjacencies
2-7.2.1.11.1 Toilets should be centrally located for the Tenants’ convenience, and toilets
should be provided on each floor of multistory buildings. In larger buildings, consider
splitting the space authorization not only between floors, but to provide more than one
set of toilets per floor.
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2-7.2.1.11.2 Locker and shower rooms should always have a portion of the toilet space
authorization located with them. The locker and shower rooms should be adjacent to the
physical readiness.
Figure 2-19
OMS Schematic Diagram
2-7.2.1.11.3 The locations of the break area and
vending alcove are flexible, based on Tenant
preference, but the break area should be located
away from the entry, lobby and formal spaces of
the facility to minimize noise and food odors
transmitting to those spaces. A central location is
preferable for Tenant convenience. The vending
alcove is frequently collocated with the break area,
but can be broken into smaller spaces to distribute
vending machines throughout a larger facility.
IN
2-7.2.1.11.4 Mechanical, electrical and telephone
rooms should be located, and distributed through
the building, for efficiency of function and building
distribution. The main mechanical room should be
on an exterior wall with exterior access to a drive
for ease of maintenance, repair, and replacement
work. Architectural, mechanical and electrical
disciplines must coordinate size and location of
building support spaces to provide sufficient space
for equipment installation, operation and
maintenance, as well as efficient distribution of
services.
2-7.3
OMS Functional Relationships
2-7.3.1 An optimal space arrangement for an
OMS would have several of the OMS spaces opening directly into the workbays NFPA
101 no longer allows occupants from a corridor to exit through another space; any
corridors must be arranged to provide the required number of exits without exiting
through the maintenance bays. In addition, any corridor which leads to a maintenance
bay must not exceed required dead-end distances. Larger facilities should have
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corridor arrangements similar to those shown in the Figures in this Section.
2-7.3.2 The shop office, tools and parts storage, toilet, storage room and battery room \3\ (when authorized)/3/ are all closely associated with the workbays, and should be as
nearly adjacent to them as possible.
2-7.3.3 The shop office should overlook both the workbays and the MEP for control
and security purposes.
2-7.3.4 The flammable storage and controlled waste storage rooms must open only
to the exterior of the building.
2-7.4
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2-7.3.5 The OMS mechanical equipment rooms authorization must also
accommodate separate janitorial, electrical, telephone, and IT space requirements. The
mechanical equipment rooms are best located off a corridor, and need not be adjacent
to the workbays. Where climate permits, they could be accessible from the exterior of
the building only.
Unheated Storage Functional Relationships
2-7.4.1 The unheated storage building serves only one function: the storage of
operational equipment that requires no temperature or humidity control. A preengineered metal building system is frequently used to house this function.
2-7.5
AMSA Functional Relationships
2-7.5.1 An AMSA is very similar to an OMS, with some additional spaces added.
AMSA functional relationships are also the same as those for an OMS - see Paragraph
2-7.3.
Figure 2-21
AMSA Schematic Diagram
IN
Figure 2-20
Shop Office Views
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2-7.5.2 Since an AMSA has full-time staff, a break area, and male and female toilet,
shower and locker rooms are provided. They should be located adjacent to each other
and need not be immediately adjacent to the workbays.
2-7.5.3 In addition to the standard areas of an OMS, an AMSA is often authorized
additional special maintenance offices, such as a supply room, an electronics/
communication repair room, or a small arms repair shop and vault. All of these rooms
would be best located adjacent to the workbays, if space and NFPA 101 allow. They
may also be located off a corridor leading to the workbays.
2-8
FIRE PROTECTION/LIFE SAFETY
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2-8.1
The primary criteria document for fire protection and life safety in USAR
facilities is UFC 3- 600-01: “Fire Protection Engineering For Facilities”. New
construction of training center, OMS, AMSA, and warehouse buildings generally
includes fire sprinkler systems for protecting the occupants and building structure from
fire. Unheated storage buildings are typically not covered by fire sprinkler systems,
unless they are larger than 5,000 sf (465 sq m), because the value of the contents does
not warrant the additional expense. The criteria for providing and designing sprinkler
systems is included in UFC 3-600-01. OMS and AMSA buildings are considered to be
“shops”.
2-8.2
The design criteria identified in UFC 3-600-01 must be conveyed to the
contractor’s sprinkler system designer on the contract documents. Note that the hose
stream and remote areas for various hazard classifications are more stringent than
NFPA 13 requirements. Identify design densities for water flow and sprinkler types on a
room-by-room basis so hydraulic calculations may be performed. Flow test data must
be provided for the contractor to determine if the cost of oversized piping will need to be
included in the bid.
IN
2-8.3
In addition to UFC 3‑600‑01 other design criteria may be applicable.
ETL 1110‑3‑446 provides thrust block design guidance. For aircraft hangar projects,
ETL 1110‑3‑481 covers AFFF clean up requirements, ETL 1110‑3‑484 covers fire
protection for fixed wing aircraft and ETL 1110‑3‑485 covers fire protection for helicopter
hangars.
2-9
INTERIOR DESIGN
2-9.1
The interior environment must respond to the needs of the facility as well as
the individuals who occupy it, and should be functional, esthetically pleasing, and cost
effective. In addition, the interior environment should provide a humane setting to
promote a sense of belonging and well-being for the personnel. The following Sections
provide criteria that will be considered to meet these goals.
2-9.2
The interior environment will be developed in coordination with the
architectural design. All features of the building, including moveable furnishings and
equipment, will be coordinated as parts of the overall design concept.
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Figure 2-22
ARRTC VOQ,
Ft. McCoy,
Wisconsin
2-9.3 Through the planning process, the nature and
configuration of the space can be examined. The adjacency
requirements between the functional elements of an
organization, adjacency priorities, work flow and patterns of
communication will be initial considerations in the design
process. Other factors will include multiple use of space and
flexibility for future uses and growth. Overall, the primary goal
of space planning is to convert functional program
requirements into a workable, esthetically pleasing
environment.
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2-9.4
Materials and finishes should not be selected for external appearance alone;
they will ultimately affect the acoustical, lighting, insulating, fire rating and maintenance
factors of an environment. Any selection must satisfy esthetic and functional
requirements regarding durability, wearability and maintenance. To a great extent, USAR
has predetermined the materials and finishes they desire. These are listed with the
individual rooms in Chapter 4. Where selection options have been authorized, the above
criteria will be considered.
2-9.5
Emotional responses are, to a great extent, the product of color and its
character and quality as encountered within the environment. These responses are
influenced by the viewing conditions, the use of color on surrounding objects and
surfaces, and the size and relationships of these factors. Color can stimulate the
imagination and create, attract, and maintain interest. Handled knowledgeably,
imaginatively, and wisely, it is one of the most economical, yet psychologically satisfying
and successful elements of the interior environment.
2-9.6
Specification of proper furnishings is critical to the performance and
operational success of any facility. The standard criteria by which quality and
appropriateness may be evaluated include function, moveability, adjustability,
maintenance, durability, comfort, and cost.
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
IN
2-10
2-10.1 The primary criteria document for the design of information technology areas
for USAR facilities is the \3\“Army Reserve IT Manual - Information Technology Design
and Construction Guide” commonly referred to as the “Army Reserve IT Manual.” This
manual defines the current Army Reserve standards and requirements for new facilities
and facility revitalization./3/
2-10.2 \3\/3/\3\ A/E should determine the local telephone service provider in the area.
A/E should record the company name, address, contact person, telephone number, email address, and any discussions concerning service, requirements and costs. A/E
should furnish a preliminary site plan with proposed telephone service conduit routing
and estimated number of telephone instruments to the telephone company or local
base./3/
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2-10.3 \3\/3/\3\ Underground telephone service conduit, 4 in (103 mm) diameter
should be installed from the main telephone terminal board to the property line.
Telephone service cable normally furnished and installed by the local telephone utility
company./3/
\3\/3/
2-10.5
\3\/3/
2-10.6
\3\/3/
2-10.7
\3\/3/
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2-10.4
2-11SIGNAGE
2-11.1 The Design Agency is responsible for designing and specifying signage for
the building exterior and interior. The applicable criteria for signage is
UFC 3-120-01 “Air Force Sign Standard”..
Figure 2-23
USARC, Ft. Knox,
Kentucky
2-11.2 \1\ Interior signage typically consists of a building
directory, room name/numbers, directional accessibility, and
similar signs./1/
2-11.3 Exterior signage typically consists of a center
monument sign, parking accessibility signs, traffic directional
signs (if required), and similar signs. If the facility is on a
larger Government installation, the installation may have its
own guidance for exterior signs; the Design Agency should verify whether such guidance governs.
IN
2-11.4 \3\ The project signage will include “Minuteman” logo plaques for the project;
one aluminum for the exterior and one bronze for the interior. These are Governmentfurnished and contractor-installed (GFCI); designer will determine locations with Tenant input. Source for the ‘Minuteman’ logo plaques is: US Army Corps of Engineers,
Baltimore District, ATTN: CENAB-LO-S (Vickie Rohr), Baltimore, Maryland 21201
Telephone: 410-962-4395 or 410-962-7834./3/
2-11.5 \3\ Construct exterior monument sign with concrete footing and concrete or
CMU foundation. The exterior sign material design should reflect materials on the
Training Center elevations. The sign should have 10 inch high (minimum) cast letters on
two sides. Sign shall read “United States Army Reserve Center” or titled to reflect the
occupants with the city and state. Provide cap to prevent moisture penetration and
lighting on both sides. /3/
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2-12
ACCESSIBILITY
2-12.1 USAR facilities must be designed to comply with the requirements of the
Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines (ADAAG) and the Uniform
Federal Accessibility Standards (UFAS), with the most stringent requirements
governing. An exception to this requirement is made for OMS buildings, which are
governed by UFAS only. This exception allows OMS restrooms to be designed without
accessibility measures, as these facilities are assumed to be inhabited only by ablebodied soldiers.
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2-12.2 Due to the threat of terrorism, the Design Agency should pay particular care
to the requirements for accessible exiting, especially those addressing areas of refuge.
2-13SECURITY
2-13.1 The primary criteria for physical security for USAR facilities are AR 190-13,
“The Army Physical Security Program,” and AR 190-16 “Physical Security.” AR 190‑11,
“Physical Security of Weapons, Ammunition and Explosives” governs the design of
weapons storage spaces. The Design Agency should also coordinate its work with the
USAR Installation and the Provost Marshal Office (PMO), which is responsible for the
physical security of the facilities.
2-13.2 Consideration should be given not only to securing facilities and equipment
from damage or theft from the outside, but also to securing each unit’s equipment within
the facility. The units and soldiers are responsible for their equipment, and will want it
segregated and secured from other units.
2-13.3 Once the facility is occupied, the PMO will conduct periodic inspections to
ensure that appropriate security measures are in place. The Tenants are graded on
these inspections; the facility design should ensure that the physical security measures
meet their needs.
IN
2-13.4 There is currently no general consensus on the appropriate locking system for
building entries, although DoD is developing a universal card system. The USAR
Installation should provide guidance on the type of locking system they prefer. If the
facility is part of a larger Government installation, the installation may have its own
criteria.
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CHAPTER 3
GENERAL DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS
3-1
INTRODUCTION
3-1.1
The purpose of this Chapter is to provide the Design Agency with general
information and direction on the systems and materials applicable to all USAR facilities,
on the design of the site, and on the design of the various buildings. The Chapter
includes some “lessons learned” by Corps of Engineers and private-sector A/E teams
on previous USAR projects.
3-2
3-2.1
3-2.1.1
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3-1.2
The considerations in this Chapter are those which affect the site and
landscaping, or an entire facility or building; for information on individual spaces, see
Chapter 4. USAR building system and material preferences are also reviewed and
discussed in this Chapter.
CIVIL AND UTILITIES
Grading and Drainage
General
IN
3-2.1.1.1 Sites should be developed for positive drainage away from all building areas.
Site drainage should be accomplished by sheet drainage, preferably over turf areas or
other means of erosion control, especially adjacent to foundations. \3\ Avoid sheet
drainage over sidewalks to prevent icy conditions./3/ Use of onsite ditches and channels
for conveyance of surface water will be minimized. Extremely flat sites on which it is not
practical to establish sufficient elevation differences for overland drainage may require
use of localized storm sewers and catch basins to convey storm water flow.
Figure 3-1
3-2.1.1.2 In general, all sites now require detention/retention of
ARRTC VOQ,
storm water to meet the standards of local or state water
Ft. McCoy,
resources agencies responsible for regulation of surface water
Wisconsin
discharges; designs will comply with local requirements for
release of storm water from the site. Government installations
with a public works department may have adopted installation
specific drainage requirements.
3-2.1.1.3 \3\ Balance of Cut and Fill. Site design should balance the quantity of cut and
fill. Balancing cut and fill creates a more pleasing transition of the regraded areas into
the natural site and minimizes the costs of hauling in additional fill or removing and
disposing of extra cut. Cut disposal should be sent to a regulated or installation landfill
due to liability issues with possible contamination either with the soil being disposed or
of the receiving site./3/
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3-2.1.2
Storm Water Quality and Control
3-2.1.2.1 The storm water runoff rate from the site should typically be held to its
predeveloped rate, utilizing on-site detention or retention facilities. Surface ponds or
depressions should be developed which are capable of storing, by detention or
retention, the required amount of water.
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3-2.1.2.2 If the site to be developed has been acquired on the commercial market and
is part of a larger overall development scheme, it may be part of a regional ponding
system designed for storage of the incremental increase in runoff from the overall
development. In such cases, the incremental runoff increase from the site will be verified
with the local water resources regulatory agency to ensure that it is within the
parameters of the regional pond design.
Figure 3-2
Underground or subterranean storm water
3-2.1.2.3
ARRTC VOQ,
detention
facilities,
or ponding in parking areas, are measures
Ft. McCoy, Wisconsin
to be used only if space is not available for the construction of
surface storage facilities.
3-2.1.2.4One of the sustainable design considerations
recommends that the storm water plan adopted for the site
results in a 25% decrease in the rate and quantity of storm
water runoff, if the existing impervious area of the site is greater than 50% of the site.
This would require on-site retention, not only detention, and may not be possible in all
cases.
IN
3-2.1.2.5 Another recommended sustainable design measure is treatment systems for
storm water quality to remove 80% of the average annual post-development total
suspended solids and \2\ 40% /2/ of the average annual post-development total
phosphorus. This is to be implemented by instituting Best Management Practices
(BMPs) as outlined in EPA’s “Guidance Specifying Management Measures for Sources
of Nonpoint Pollution in Coastal Waters” (EPA-840-B-92-002). The design
methodologies for determining percent removals are generally highly empirical and no
standard universal method has been adopted for this purpose. Therefore, the local
governing water resources regulatory agency or water resources department of the
Government installation directorate of public works will be consulted regarding
acceptable design methodologies for surface water quality treatment on developing
sites. These preferred local methodologies should be implemented for site design. On
some facilities, the site is not provided with a positive overland drainage outlet and
additional site area may be required for development of infiltration ponds sized to
accommodate the incremental increase in site runoff.
3-2.1.3
Temporary Measures
3-2.1.3.1 Temporary drainage measures will be implemented to provide for erosion and
sediment control according to the requirements of the National Pollutant Discharge
Elimination System (NPDES) program, as implemented and enforced by the responsible
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state or local agencies. Do not assume that if less than 1 acre is being disturbed that
NPDES or some other permit is not required. Each state and many local agencies have
requirements for erosion and sediment control; these requirements should be obtained
and implemented either as part of the construction documents or as a requirement for
action by the construction contractor. The designer is typically tasked with preparing
preliminary permit paperwork for completion by the construction contractor.
3-2.1.4
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3-2.1.3.2 Specific temporary measures preferred by the state or local water resources
regulatory agencies may need to be implemented to meet site-specific requirements.
Temporary seeding and mulching of exposed areas may be required in addition to
installation of specific facilities such as silt fences, sedimentation ponds, filtration beds,
and riprap or slope protection. Suppression of fugitive dust from earthwork operations
should also be required.
Structural Features
3-2.1.4.1 Structural features for drainage facilities will generally be constructed of
reinforced concrete, and are typically available from precast concrete suppliers local to
the project area. Grates and manhole covers and frames and other appurtenances will
be either a durable iron casting or galvanized steel construction according to materials
and items locally available. Some sites may be located in areas where the soil and
water are corrosive to concrete and metal. In this case, polyethylene or other synthetic
pipe and drainage structure materials may be desirable for use.
3-2.1.4.2 Incorporation of state Department of Transportation (DOT) or Government
installation public works drainage structure details is advisable, since these are
generally familiar to contractors, municipalities, and roadway agencies near the site.
3-2.1.4.3 Structural features will be able to withstand applied vehicle loadings in their
particular Government installations.
Utilities
IN
3-2.2
3-2.2.1
Sanitary Sewer
3-2.2.1.1 Sanitary sewers include the service pipe and structures from the building(s) to
the available utility stub or connection point. The preferred pipe material for on-site
sanitary sewer is PVC pipe. If extremely deep burial or heavy loads are encountered,
the pipe may be installed in a steel casing or the pipe type changed to cement-lined
ductile iron pipe. Sanitary sewer crossings of critical internal roadways, which should not
be disturbed or open cut in the future, should be crossed using a steel casing around
the sanitary sewer pipe. The pipe section and bedding should be designed to withstand
the applied loads at its location.
3-2.2.1.2 Sanitary sewer manholes will be constructed of precast concrete with cast
iron covers and frames. Clean-outs will be located at bends or changes in grade on any
service line. The junction of one or more service lines and the resulting downstream
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sewer lateral should require a manhole.
3-2.2.1.3 Verify the capacity requirements for conveyance and treatment for the
sanitary sewer utility system to which the project is connected. In general, private or
municipal utility systems will represent that the downstream pipes and sewers are in
serviceable condition to meet the needs of the project; the utility company maintenance
and replacement program is traditionally funded by Tenant connection charges and use
fees to pay for maintenance and upgrading.
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3-2.2.1.4 On Government installations, where in-place sanitary sewer is to be
incorporated into the project, it may be advisable to conduct a television inspection of
the sanitary sewer to verify its serviceability for the proposed project. If the line is not in
serviceable condition, its replacement or rehabilitation will be required. The Using
Service and USAR Installation will determine who is responsible for that work.
Government installation public works utilities may not have implemented or budgeted for
sanitary sewer utility maintenance or upgrade in all areas of the installation. Verification
of the sewer serviceability, and implementation and funding of repairs is required.
3-2.2.1.5 Sanitary sewer servicing OMS/AMSA facilities and wash platform will require
oil/water and grit separation. This is accomplished by installation of separate structures
within the sanitary system. Coordination with the mechanical discipline is required to
determine if the separator structures are to be installed within the building footprint or
outside the building.
3-2.2.1.6 Certain regions are using mechanical water and contaminant separators and
the local Regional Readiness Command environmental and construction coordinators
should be consulted.
3-2.2.2
Water Main
IN
3-2.2.2.1 Water mains include the on-site building services for domestic and fire
protection purposes from the building(s) to the water main system stub or connection
point. Interior looping of the system for fire protection may be desirable.
3-2.2.2.2 Water main sizing for fire protection purposes will be based upon flow and
pressure requirements for on-site hydrants and building fire suppression systems. It is
recommended that the fire protection main be no smaller than 8 in (200 mm) diameter,
and the standard hydrant lead no smaller than 6 in (150 mm) diameter. On-site water
storage reservoirs and/or fire booster pumps may be required for sites located in areas
of low system pressure.
3-2.2.2.3 Verify with local fire protection, utility and building officials whether
independent domestic and fire feeds external to the building are required, or if a single
feed can be separated inside the building. The requirements for indicator valves will be
verified with local building and fire protection officials, or with Government installation
fire departments and public works directorate.
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3-2.2.2.4 In general, on-site fire protection and water supply system valves, hydrant
spacing, and sizing shall be in accordance with UFC 3-600-01. Preferred water main
pipe materials are corrosion-resistant materials such as PVC pipe, or ductile iron pipe
with corrosion protection and cathodic protection, if required. Pipe sections and bedding
shall be designed to withstand applied loads. Crossings of critical internal roadways,
which should not be disturbed or open cut in the future, will utilize a casing around the
underlying utility pipe.
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3-2.2.2.5 Fire hydrant flow tests on the supplying water utility system should be
conducted at the earliest practical date to determine pressures available to the project
site, and whether a fire pump will be required. Many water utilities are no longer willing
to release their own internal hydrant flow data due to liability concerns. In such cases,
contracting with a local fire protection company or consulting engineer to conduct flow
tests may be required.
3-2.2.2.6 Coordinate with the water utility to determine meter type and installation. \3\
UFC 3-400-01 requires the utilities to be monitored through connection to a base wide
energy and utility monitoring and control system directly or via the building HVAC control
system, this may require installing a meter separate from the billing meter./3/
3-2.2.3
Natural Gas
3-2.2.3.1 The gas utilities consist of the internal gas distribution and service pipes and
controls servicing the site from the building(s) to the gas utility connection point. The gas
utility service industry is competitive in certain service location areas and more than one
source of service may be available.
IN
3-2.2.3.2 Gas companies normally provide some amount of service line and meter set
at no charge, especially when the projected volume of gas use and resultant utility
charges will justify the expenditure. Furnish estimated gas service requirements to the
utility and request they examine the construction requirements and demand of the site
to make a cost determination for any construction of service for the site. If longer on-site
service lines are required, verify whether they are to be constructed by the utility or as
part of the construction contract, and ensure that any charges to be paid to the utility are
included in the contractor’s requirements.
3-2.2.3.3 \3\ UFC 3-400-01 requires the utilities to be monitored through connection to
a base wide energy and utility monitoring and control system directly or via the building
HVAC control system, this may require installing a meter separate from the billing
meter./3/
3-2.2.3.4 Many of the Government installation gas systems have been privatized;
service and connection procedures are normally the same as the commercial market.
3-2.2.4
Other Utilities
3-2.2.4.1 Projects on Government installations may have access to a district heating
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system.
3-2.2.4.2 See Section 3-10 below for telecommunications and electric utilities.
3-2.3
Roads and Pavements
3-2.3.1
Pavement Types
3-2.3.1.1 The primary pavements and surfacings for USAR
sites are asphalt concrete (AC or bituminous), Portland cement
concrete (PCC), and aggregate. AC is normally used for POV
and MEP areas. In most areas, AC will be cheaper than PCC;
however, some areas may have supply or quality control issues
that favor PCC; this should be investigated for each site.
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Figure 3-3
USARC, Camp
Parks, California
3-2.3.1.2 Tracked vehicle parking and maneuvering areas will
require PCC or aggregate surfacing. Areas of high turnover of
heavy equipment vehicle parking, or of concentrated vehicle turning movements and
maneuvering, should receive PCC. \3\ Tracked vehicle maneuvering areas include the
vehicle path from the tracked vehicle parking pad location to the repair building apron./3/
3-2.3.1.3 Other areas that normally require PCC are aprons for OMS/AMSA/DS/GS
buildings, wash platforms, fueling platforms, loading dock parking and drives, and
dumpster pad/pickup zones. Some access approaches, and heavily used drives or
streets, may merit consideration for PCC paving. \3\ /3/
3-2.3.1.4 It is recommended to adapt pavement specifications to the state’s Department
of Transportation (DOT) Standard Specifications for Roadway Construction. Local
pavement materials suppliers and paving contractors are likely to have state DOT
certifications for material sources, screen plants, batch plants, transporters, and pavers
used for pavement material production and placement.
IN
3-2.3.1.5 AC pavement mixes should be relatively stiff to prevent wheel rutting or
surface raveling during heavy use and periods of high temperatures. The state DOT
highway mixes should address this situation. In some cases, the stiffer mix may have a
coarser surface finish, but its strength and serviceability advantages are preferred.
3-2.3.1.6 Pavements or aggregate surfacing may require subgrade improvement
measures to limit rutting or breakup over softer subgrades. Soil replacement is the
preferred subgrade improvement option, but geotextiles should be considered where
the improvement excavation would be deep or the area of needed improvement
extensive. Obtain the recommendations of a local geotechnical engineer or the
Government installation public works department.
3-2.3.1.7 Use of recycled aggregates for base materials and pavement mix aggregates
should be allowed as a recycling/sustainable design measure. State DOT specification
provisions for recycled aggregate should be reviewed for restrictions or limitations on
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use.
3-2.3.1.8 Provide painted striping in POV and MEP areas, and elsewhere as needed.
3-2.3.2
Curb and Gutter
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3-2.3.2.1 Use of curb and gutter is normally minimized for drainage, grading, and
maintenance reasons. However, use of curb and gutter may be desired to channel traffic
flow at access points, critical on-site intersections, or in areas in which vehicle traffic
needs to be strictly separated from pedestrian traffic or parking areas. Curb and gutter
are often used to define the more public or administrative areas of a facility (training
center) or to protect landscaping.
3-2.3.2.2 In areas where a number of adjacent accessible parking spaces are provided,
the designer should consider use of a “ribbon” type or flat curb at these accessible
parking spaces, so that multiple curb ramps are eliminated. This will eliminate repetitive
dips and rises in the sidewalk.
3-2.3.2.3 Any curb and gutter should be constructed of concrete. Integral curb and
gutter is strongly preferred where drainage is being conveyed along the gutter. Curbonly sections may be used where drainage is directed away from the curb. Where
substantial lengths of sidewalk are located along the back of the curb, consideration
should be given to using an integral sidewalk/curb section.
3-2.3.3
Sidewalks and Aprons
3-2.3.3.1 Sidewalks will be provided from all building entrances to the POV and MEP
areas; sidewalks in the parking areas should be avoided. Sidewalks should also be
provided along natural paths through unpaved areas.
IN
3-2.3.3.2 Sidewalks and aprons should be constructed of concrete, and should be of
widths to comfortably accommodate anticipated traffic. Sidewalks immediately behind a
curb at a parking area shall accommodate vehicle bumper overhang if wheel stops are
not provided.
3-2.3.3.3 Sidewalk finishes should be coordinated with architectural and landscape
design for special joint patterns, finishes and colors. The typical sidewalk finish should
be a lightly broomed texture.
3-2.3.3.4 Special pedestrian or ramp details and finishes should be detailed on the
construction drawings. Pedestrian ramp details utilized by municipalities or Government
installation public works departments may be utilized for consistent appearance or for
ease of construction.
3-2.3.3.5 Aprons should be sized to allow parking of at least one vehicle; the apron size
will depend upon the typical vehicles for the location. Aprons at loading docks, dumpster
pads and wash bay platforms shall be sized to incorporate the areas in which
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concentrated wheel turning movements of heavy vehicles or trucks occur and where
heavy wheel loads repeatedly occur. Aprons outside maintenance shops workbays must
be concrete, and 36 feet (11 meters) long.
3-2.3.4
Additional Paving Considerations
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3-2.3.4.1 Some recommended sustainable design measures are intended to reduce
heat islands, including use of light-colored materials for impervious surfaces, or open
grid pavement systems. Open grid modular paving units are available on the
commercial market and may be investigated for use, but the availability and cost of
these systems may vary widely based on locale. Practicality and serviceability of this
type of system in snow areas should be carefully considered.
3-2.3.4.2 Special aggregates, toppings and coatings other than typical maintenance
items (seal coatings, sealers) may be considered, but these may have high initial or
maintenance costs. PCC is light in color, but usually introduces a substantial cost
increase over AC pavement. Alternate pavement design, such as “resin modified
pavement” may be used in special cases if, cost control and quality control parameters
can be achieved. Resin modified pavement is suitable for fuel resistance on aprons that
are nearly flat. Machine finished pavement is slick when wet.
3-2.4
3-2.4.1
Civil Layout
Roadway Geometrics
3-2.4.1.1 Turning radii and needed traffic clearances should be checked for adherence
to the AT/FP requirements for spacing and setbacks at buildings. Consideration in
design should also be given to the using vehicles from off-site sources, such as delivery
trucks and maintenance or service vehicles.
IN
3-2.4.1.2 Geometrics at the access drive will need to be coordinated with the agency
responsible for the public or Government installation roadway which is being accessed.
If off-site roadway improvements for access are needed, the geometrics will need to
comply with the design standards of the responsible roadway agency.
3-2.4.1.3 Geometrics may be used to channel truck traffic away from POV parking
areas by installing openings and radii suitable only for the POV traffic. One-way traffic
and corresponding roadway geometry may be used to strictly control traffic patterns on
some sites.
Figure 3-4
3-2.4.2
USARC, Camp
Parks, California
Slopes and Setbacks
3-2.4.2.1 Slopes will promote positive drainage and maintainable
surfaces for landscape features. If landscaped area slopes
approach 2.5 horizontal to 1.0 vertical, consideration should be
given to use of low retaining walls (modular concrete wall systems
are efficient for low walls of limited lengths).
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3-2.4.2.2 Typical state DOT roadway slope design limitations should be met with
consideration for parking and maneuvering requirements of military equipment. Much of
the military equipment may be classified as all-terrain, but one of the purposes of MEP
and OMS/AMSA facilities is to provide for ease of parking and maneuvering for
maintenance purposes or loading for transport.
3-2.4.2.3 Setbacks shall meet AT/FP requirements and conform, if practical, to local
zoning requirements or Government installation design guidance in order to be
compatible with neighboring facilities and uses.
3-2.4.3
Utility Clearances
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3-2.4.3.1 Utility clearances shall provide for safe long-term operation and maintenance
of utilities, prevent interference of one utility with another, and meet public health or
safety requirements, such as minimum separation of sanitary sewers and water mains.
Special designs, such as pipe encasement, insulation or isolation may be required
where utilities are closer. This may occur on sites containing in-place utilities that cannot
be feasibly relocated.
3-2.4.3.2 Utility companies should be contacted for special requirements for utility
separation beyond typical design values.
3-2.4.4
Driveway and Parking Layouts
IN
3-2.4.4.1 POV parking should be arranged to minimize pedestrian traffic through rows
of parked cars. The authorized area for POV parking is normally calculated to provide
spaces for a maximum of 80% of Tenants on the largest drill weekend at an allowance
of 3 SY (29.3 sq m) per space. Layouts must be efficient to provide the desired number
of parking spaces, and 90 degree parking is preferred to 45 or 60 degree parking,
unless site restraints dictate angled parking. \3\ Spaces for motorcycle parking should
be considered, these spaces require concrete pavement with appropriate signage and
marking. /3/
3-2.4.4.2 MEP parking may be more efficiently accommodated with a 45 or 60 degree
angled parking layout due to the size of some vehicles, and the variations in sizes
among the vehicles. Designer should review parking layouts with Tenants to optimize
parking and maneuvering. The MEP area is based on an authorization of 50 sy
(41.8 sq m) per vehicle, and generally is provided for 60% of the unit vehicles, or 10% of
the vehicles supported by an AMSA. Therefore, the authorized MEP area will not
typically accommodate all of the Tenants’ vehicles, and some will be stored at an ECS.
3-2.4.4.3 At vehicle access driveways to kitchen, unit storage, mechanical, workbays,
and similar spaces, AT/FP requirements dictate that a removable physical barrier be
provided. This can be accomplished with gates, removable bollards, large chains
between bollards, or similar devices. All such barriers must include locking provisions.
Review with Tenants, USAR Installation and Provost Marshal.
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3-2.5
Fencing
3-2.5.1 Chainlink or other security fencing is always provided around the MEP area,
and may be approved by the Using Service for other areas. If the budget allows,
consider fencing to match the surrounding architectural character. Also consider fencing
attractive nuisances such as ponding areas that will hold stormwater for appreciable
lengths of time; such fencing does not necessarily have to meet physical security
requirements for security fencing. Most Tenants prefer that fences are located in a strip
of rock mulch or similar surfacing to avoid the need to maintain grass or plantings along
the fence line.
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3-2.5.2 The standard chainlink security fence is a minimum of 7 ft (2140 mm in
height, with 6 ft (1830 mm) of fence and three strands of barbed wire totaling 1 ft
(310 mm) above, sloped outboard. Fences of other materials providing similar security
may be considered, but should be reviewed with USAR Installation security personnel to
verify they meet physical security criteria. The maximum allowable distance from hard
ground to bottom of fence is 2 in (50 mm). A “clear” area along both sides of the fence is
typically required; this area generally extends for 10 feet (3 meters) on each side of the
fence, but the distance should be verified with USAR Installation personnel.
3-2.5.3 Vehicle gates may be swinging or rolling, based on Tenant preference, but
rolling gates must maintain the maximum height above ground. It may be necessary to
incorporate a “speed bump” at the gate in order to ensure the bottom of the gate does
not exceed the maximum height above the paving. Powered gates are not normally
provided.
3-2.5.4
3-2.6
Fences must be electrically grounded.
Wash Bays
IN
3-2.6.1 Wash bays for military equipment may be authorized in the project
documents, or requested by the Tenants for ACSIM-ODR approval.
3-2.6.2 In northern locations, wash bays will normally be located within an OMS,
AMSA, or DS/GS building. No additional bays will be authorized due to cost, so one or
more bays must be able to be separated from the others with retractable curtains.
Provide wet service electrical systems in such bays.
3-2.6.3 In warmer climates, wash bays will normally be exterior to the maintenance
building. In such cases, the designer must address collection/treatment of gray water
and prevention of stormwater entry to sanitary sewers. \3\ Local EPA criteria must be
complied with and could require solutions varying from a roofed structure, to a roofed
structure with walls along the long axis or ultimately to a fully enclosed structure./3/
3-2.6.4 A concrete pad will be provided at exterior wash bays, and containment curbs
or depression of the slab should be provided to control gray water. \3\ /3/
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3-2.6.5 The designer should verify whether any package pressure or heating wash
system will be Tenant-supplied or a part of the construction contract. If such a system is
portable, it will be necessary to provide sufficient storage space to accommodate it in
the maintenance shop. The designer will verify that sufficient power is provided for such
systems.
3-2.6.6 Consideration should be given to recycling of gray water, possibly with a
package system. Cost, sustainable design goals, and water availability will be factors in
the consideration. If provided, a heated building for the equipment will be provided
where climate requires.
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3-2.6.7 \3\ The facility should be provided with an electrical service receptacle in
appropriate waterproof NEMA device on each side of the wash bay to support
miscellaneous electrical requirements beyond the pressure washer. The interior of the
facility shall also be lit to support low light periods, evenly distribute the light to establish
a minimum of 40 fc, place fixtures such that sides, front and back of the vehicles are
illuminated. All electrical systems should be designed for wet service./3/
3-2.6.8 \3\ Water provided to exterior wash bays shall be provided by freeze proof
fixtures. Investigate placement of work bay facility near heated facilities to increase
ability to provide hot and cold water to support the cleaning operation minimizing water
line freezing. Where freeze proof yard hydrants with drain holes are provided the water
piping supplying these fixtures must be protected with a backflow device, the vacuum
breaker on the hydrant is insufficient protection./3/
3-2.7
Loading Ramps
3-2.7.1 Loading ramps for military equipment may be authorized in the project
documents, or requested by the Tenants for ACSIM-ODR approval. If so, COE has a
standard design for a bi-level loading ramp that designers may wish to obtain.
IN
3-2.7.2 Loading ramps should be adjacent to or within an MEP. Sufficient
maneuvering room must be provided for both transport and loading vehicles. The
necessary amount of paving may not be part of the project paving authorization or
construction budget; these additional costs must be identified and approved by the
Using Service.
3-2.7.3 If tracked vehicles are to be loaded, the design must provide for concrete or
aggregate approaches and circulation paths to appropriate roads or parking areas.
3-2.8
\3\ MKT and CK Pads
3-2.8.1 Mobile Kitchen Trailer (MKT) pads are reinforced 30 ft by 30 ft pad with a
brushed finish. Provide connection for electrical support of the mobile kitchen. Coordinate pad location with Training Center kitchen. MKT pad may be located within
the unobstructed space since the MKT is used during drill times then returned for
storage in the MEP. Waste and potable water requirements of the MKT can be handled
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Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
by the Training Center Kitchen’s can wash.
3-2.8.2 Containerized Kitchen (CK) are not currently being deployed within the Army
Reserve. If a facility receives a CK, questions should be addressed directly to the
Louisville District Army Reserve Support Team Technical Staff for resolution./3/
3-3
LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE
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3-3.1
Quality planning and design are the basis for landscape architectural
improvements that reinforce the vision, character, theme, and functional requirements of
site design. Environmental conditions, sustainable design, historical context and aspects
of conservation can influence the selection of materials and the design of a site.
3-3.2
Landscape design and materials must reflect an understanding of the
guidelines outlined in the Department of Defense’s most recent Force
Protection/Antiterrorism manual. Selection of deciduous, coniferous and/or herbaceous
trees, shrubs, and ground covers must be responsive to aspects of maintenance,
xeriscape/irrigation concerns, year-round color and visual impact, simplicity of design
and value-added benefits to be derived by landscape installation.
Figure 3-5
3-3.3
Appropriate planting design incorporates landscapes
USARC,
that
positively
modify microclimatic conditions, provides habitat
Sacramento,
for wildlife where desirable and deters unwanted fauna when
California
appropriate. Plant material selection depends upon as found
soils, plant communities and hydrological conditions. Whenever
possible, efforts should be made to incorporate resource
management practices, to preserve existing stands of mature
landscape, and to utilize indigenous plantings and native
grasses.
IN
3-3.4
Site furnishings and related amenities need to address issues of vandal
resistance, minimal maintenance, and handicapped accessibility, and should be
coordinated in a manner that reflects the architecture and context in which the facility is
situated. While not all-inclusive, the following site components may be considered to
complement landscaping when designing outdoor spaces: facility sign, flagpoles, tables
and chairs for outdoor dining, benches, trash receptacles, ash urns, bike racks, bollard
posts, tree grates, appropriate mulches, fencing and trash enclosures for screening,
shelters, and specialty paving surfaces for accent and focus.
3-3.5
At a minimum, lighting should be incorporated at all facilities for functional and
safety/security purposes. Lighting may be building-mounted, pole-mounted or groundmounted. Lamps for accent, ornamentation and focus, when considered, must
accommodate a consistent visual character, be vandal resistant, and require minimal
maintenance.
3-3.6
Signage supported by site furnishings, plant materials and lighting provides
both immediate and subtle references to reinforce aspects of wayfinding at a facility.
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Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
Signs serve informational, interpretive, directional, and regulatory purposes. Visual
consistency, scale and clarity of organization promote a comprehensive esthetic at main
entry gates, facility and building entries, parking lots and along paths and roadways.
3-3.7
Utilities and infrastructure required for support of the landscape include
subsurface drainage to control hydrological aspects, water lines to address irrigation
mechanical systems needs, and gas and electrical lines to supply power to site
amenities that may be incorporated as part of a comprehensive site improvement
package.
FIRE PROTECTION / LIFE SAFETY
3-4.1
General
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3-4
3-4.1.1 Fire protection and life safety are paramount in the design of USAR facilities.
Consideration should be given to exceeding minimum requirements in certain
instances. For instance, NFPA 101 allows some exit corridors in fully-sprinkled buildings
to be built without one-hour ratings; the designer may wish to provide one-hour corridors
based on the size of the building, number of occupants, and ease of exit.
3-4.1.2 In order for a facility to be occupied by Department of Defense personnel, the
design and construction must meet specific requirements. The Government’s primary
guidance on building codes, fire protection and life safety is UFC 1‑200‑01. Design and
construction of USAR real property improvements shall comply with UFC 1‑200‑01, and
shall comply with the specific applicable requirements of IBC, NFPA 101, UFC 3‑600‑01
and other codes and standards that are referenced in UFC 1‑200‑01.
IN
3-4.1.3 Some State and local code and regulatory agencies may not have jurisdiction
over Federal Government construction on Federal Property. However, the USAR wishes
to comply with State and local codes and regulations, and the Exchange Partner
remains responsible for such compliance. Therefore, design and construction of USAR
real property improvements shall also comply with all current and applicable State and
local codes, and with all other applicable laws and regulations governing developments,
design and construction at the site. If certain of such requirements appear particularly
onerous, or hamper Army Reserve required functionality of the project, the Exchange
Partner may recommend the Government waive the requirement or implement a lesser
requirement. The Government’s approval of such recommendations is not assured.
3-4.1.4 Where any of the applicable requirements conflict, the most stringent shall
govern. In no case shall building code, fire protection and life safety requirements be
reduced below those required in UFC 1‑200‑01 and this document.
3-4.1.5 A comprehensive code analysis and drawing showing all fire protection
features is required for all USAR construction projects. The Design Agency shall give a
standardized format for completing and certifying the analysis and presentation of fire
protection and life safety features. When completing third party projects the content of
the analysis will include an analysis and drawing that provides the following information:
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Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
Type of occupancy.
Type of construction.
Location of fire-rated walls, doors and dampers, including those for
hazardous areas.
Exit travel distances.
Horizontal exits.
Exit signs and emergency lights.
Occupant load/exit unit widths.
Automatic extinguisher systems.
Fire detection/alarm devices.
Sprinklered areas (as appropriate)
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3-4.1.6 Fire extinguishers shall be provided per UFC 3‑600‑01 - which states to follow
NFPA 101 and NFPA 10. A fire extinguisher is also required in arms vaults per
paragraph 4-2.12.9. Per NFPA 10 maximum travel distance to an extinguisher is 75 feet.
3-4.1.7 If a facility authorization includes a SCIF, the SCIF will have a single
controlled point of entry, most likely with an electronic lock. If necessary, a separate exit
(or exits if two are required) can be provided to satisfy life safety/exiting requirements.
The USAR security personnel will want any such exits to include an audible alarm, and
possibly a short delay, for security reasons. No hardware should be provided on the
exterior side of such exit doors.
3-4.2
Fire Sprinkler System
3-4.2.1 Fire sprinkler system design for USAR projects is normally accomplished
through a performance specification, with the contractor’s design engineer responsible
for a detailed system design. The design criteria identified in UFC 3‑600‑01 must be
conveyed to the contractor’s designer in the contract documents. Note that the hose
stream and design areas for various hazard classifications are more stringent than
NFPA 13 requirements.
IN
3-4.2.2 Identify design densities for water flow and sprinkler types on a room-by-room
basis so hydraulic calculations may be performed. Flow test data must be provided for
the contractor to determine if the cost of oversized piping will need to be included in the
bid.
3-4.2.3 UFC 3‑600‑01 requires that every portion of a sprinkled building be sprinkled;
it does not allow exceptions for computer or electrical rooms, or arms vaults.
3-4.3
Fire Alarm System
3-4.3.1 An addressable Class B fire alarm system will be provided, consisting of
manual \3\ dual action /3/ stations at exits, combination horn/visual signals located in
accordance with ADA requirements, duct smoke detectors in air-handling units as
required by code, and magnetic hold-open devices with smoke detectors for corridor fire
doors. The system should be addressable, zoned, non‑coded and fully supervised.
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Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
3-4.3.2 A fire alarm riser diagram will be provided in the construction documents. The
control panel should be fed from a panelboard to provide 120V, 1-phase, 2-wire plus
ground to the control panel. The breaker to the Fire Alarm circuit shall be red and have a
locking device.
3-4.3.3 A remote annunciator panel should be installed at an entrance designated by
the Tenant \3\ and per NFPA 72 paragraph 4.4.6. /3/
3-4.3.4 Any kitchen equipment below hoods must be shut down upon activation of the
kitchen fire suppression system per NFPA 96.
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3-4.3.5 Photoelectric smoke detectors are not required in sprinklered facilities;
however they should be included in electrical, telephone and network/IT rooms as a
result of customer specific needs.
3-4.3.6 All water flow switches, tamper switches and post indicator valves should be
connected to the fire alarm panel.
3-4.3.7
3-4.3.8
\2\ Audible requirements shall meet NFPA 72 paragraph 7.4. /2/
All conduits for fire alarm system should be 1/2 inch (16 mm) minimum.
3-4.3.9 Remote station signal transmitter should be provided with a digital alarm
communicator capable of transmitting alarm and trouble signals over telephone lines
(telephone dialer) or radio transmitter to a remote security monitoring stations/base fire
department. Verification of current practices for fire alarm signal monitoring at the
existing base/site is necessary.
IN
3-4.3.10 \3\\1\ Mass Notification Systems in Military Construction Projects. To reduce
the risk of mass casualties, there must be a timely means to notify building occupants of
threats and what should be done in response to those threats. Mass notification is
defined as the capability to provide real-time information to all building occupants, or
personnel in the immediate vicinity of a building, during emergency situations. See
UFC 4‑010‑01 /1/ and UFC 4-021-01./3/
3-5
ARCHITECTURAL
3-5.1
USAR Approved Systems and Materials
3-5.1.1 The USAR, through the development of its projects,
has established some preferred systems and materials for the
design and construction of USAR facilities. When practical,
USAR preference is that these systems and materials be used
for all USAR facilities. Recommendations for departures from
these systems and materials should be reviewed with the Using
Service.
50
Figure 3-6
AFRC, Greenville,
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UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
3-5.1.2 The preferred exterior wall construction is an insulated cavity wall of brick or
CMU veneer with masonry, \3\ insulated concrete form,/3/ or steel stud backup. \3\ /3/
The interior finish of the exterior wall will be gypsum board over furring or steel studs in
finished spaces, and painted CMU in more utilitarian areas.
3-5.1.3 Preferred exterior doors are hollow metal in hollow metal frames, with
aluminum doors in aluminum storefront systems for major entries. Exterior windows
should be steel or aluminum frame units, or storefront assemblies where large areas of
glazing are desired.
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3-5.1.4 The preferred roof construction is a sloped standing seam metal roof or 50
year shingle except at the kitchen, where a low-slope (“flat”) roof better accommodates
the kitchen equipment rooftop penetrations and equipment. See guidance on standing
seam metal roof systems (SSMRS) and 50 year shingle in Appendix K. Low slope roofs
are an acceptable design solution when the Using Agency and USAR Installation
approve, or where budget limitations dictate. Modified bitumen or single-ply membrane
roofing will be used for low-slope roofs.
3-5.1.5 Preferred interior walls are steel stud with gypsum board for spaces where a
more pleasant finish is desired, or CMU. CMU walls may be GMU or painted CMU.
Consideration should be given to space function and volume of traffic; in high traffic
areas and areas where wear and tear can be anticipated, it may be desirable to use
GMU if a nicer finish is desired. It may be helpful to consider wear and tear in an USAR
training center to be similar to that anticipated in a high school or college building, and
use in an OMS to be similar to a repair garage.
3-5.1.6 Interior doors should be either solid-core wood or hollow metal in hollow metal
frames. Offices and similar spaces with higher levels of finish should receive wood
doors; more utilitarian areas can utilize hollow metal doors. The arms vault door must be
a \3\ GSA approved Class 5-A vault /3/ door. Doors must have a minimum clear opening
of 3 feet (900 mm) in width.
IN
3-5.1.7 Most spaces with ceilings will be suspended acoustical tile; the USAR
preference is for 24 inch by 24 inch (600 mm by 600 mm) tiles to avoid sagging of tiles.
Areas where higher humidity is anticipated should receive a suspended gypsum board
ceiling. Ceilings for kitchen and shower areas will be suspended cement board with
water resistant skim coat.
3-5.1.8 In general, the materials and methods of construction proposed for use on
USAR facilities should be of high quality and will have been used (preferably by the
Design Agency) in several projects which can be researched to ascertain the product’s
performance characteristics. Materials, as well as the design, should be of good quality
and able to stand the test of time.
3-5.2
Image/Esthetics
3-5.2.1
Both the exterior and the interior image of USAR facilities should reflect
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Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
military values, such as dignity, tradition, discipline and order. At the same time, they
should provide the Tenants a functional and comfortable workplace, and an atmosphere
which will promote feelings of pride and ownership.
3-5.2.2 The USAR is seeking a level of standardization in their built facilities, but are
not seeking “cookie-cutter” design solutions. Many of the spaces and features of the
facilities will be the same throughout the USAR system, and design efficiencies can be
gained through reuse of standard space modules or groupings. However, the Design
Agency should seek to give each project its own identity, based on Tenant input and
local/regional influences.
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3-5.2.3 The level of finish and detail in a training center should be one that would be
appropriate for an office building of good quality, with additional emphasis on durability
and maintainability. For an OMS or AMSA building, finish and detail can be more
utilitarian in the maintenance areas, but similar to a training center in the office areas.
3-5.2.4 Each USAR facility will have two “Minuteman” plaques, one for exterior
display and one for interior display; the exterior plaque should be located with the
“U.S. Army Reserve Training Center” signage. These should be in locations of maximum
visibility. Consideration should be given to developing high-visibility locations for the
Tenants to display their trophies and other memorabilia. In centers housing more than
one unit, individual locations may be appropriate.
3-5.2.5 Consider protective continuous bumper moldings and corner guards for
corridors and other high traffic areas to minimize damage to walls. The continuous
bumpers when required should be mounted at base height.
3-5.3
Room Numbering
IN
3-5.3.1 The Design Agency should work with the USAR Installation to develop a room
numbering scheme for the construction documents that will also be functional for the
later operation and maintenance of the facility.
3-5.3.2 Consider numbering larger buildings by wings, i.e., S104, W236. Consider
using letters, rather than numbers, for stairs, corridors and similar spaces; the Tenants
and maintenance personnel rarely think of these spaces as rooms, and giving them
room numbers can be confusing.
3-5.4
Stairs and Elevators
3-5.4.1 Typical stairs are concrete-filled metal pan construction, unless a monumental
stair is part of the design. USAR prefers wire mesh infill panels for open stair and
landing rails. All stairs, including fire stairs, should be nicely detailed and finished, in
keeping with finishes in the rest of the project.
3-5.4.2 Elevators should meet accessibility requirements, and elevator hooks and
pads should be specified for occasional moving of furniture. \3\ Elevators should be a
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Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
Figure 3-7
ARRTC VOQ,
Ft. McCoy,
Wisconsin
minimum of 2,000 pound (900 Kg) loading capacity./3/
3-5.4.3
Elevator Power Supply: Refer to Section 3-10 below.
3-5.5
Doors and Windows
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3-5.5.1
Windows should be located where functionally
appropriate and as an element of sustainable design for
daylighting purposes. Consider the use of operable windows, with
screens, for administrative and similar areas, for sustainable
design reasons and to provide ventilation flexibility. Provide blinds
or exterior shading to minimize glare.
3-5.5.2
Daylighting strategies should be considered for the
unit or administrative common areas, corridors, assembly hall,
lobby, workbays and unit storage area. Due to security concerns, unit storage
daylighting may require clerestory glazing or glazed block.
3-5.5.3 Coordinate with the USAR Installation to develop appropriate door hardware
and keying. There are security restrictions prohibiting master key systems; the designer
should review keying requirements with USAR Installation security personnel. Weapons
areas, storage areas, and secure spaces, at a minimum, will not be part of any master
key system.
3-5.5.4 Doors in office and similar administrative or educational areas are typically
solid-core wood; doors in more utilitarian areas may be hollow metal. Doors to
administrative areas may have lights or sidelights for sustainable design purposes, and
to provide visibility for the Tenants and a view into the space from the corridors. Doors to
individual offices should not require closers or kickplates.
3-5.6
Caging and Shelving
IN
3-5.6.1 Woven welded wire fabric cages are generally required in storage areas such
as unit storage, arms vault, tools storage, parts storage and unheated storage buildings
to provide individual units the ability to secure their equipment. \3\ The partitions will be
10-gauge steel wire, 1 in by 2 in (25 mm by 50 mm) woven mesh welded to a steel
frame./3/ Framing should be provided at structural steel, pipes, ducts and other
obstructions running through the partition to provide security and to prevent intrusion
3-5.6.2 The Tenants may wish to combine one or more typical cages into a larger
cage, or simply provide one or more large caged areas depending on their equipment
storage needs.
3-5.6.3 The typical size of a unit storage cage is \2\ 8 ft by 12 ft - 2 in (2400 mm by
3650 mm)./2/ Doors may be \2\ single swing, or bi-parting/2/, providing a minimum clear
opening in one of the narrow ends of the cage of \3\ 4 ft by 7 ft (1200 mm by 2100 mm)
/3/. \2\ The minimum height of the cage is 9 ft (2700 mm) with a woven wire fabric
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Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
ceiling. If it is more economical or practical, extend the height of the cage to the roof
deck or floor slab above. If ceilings are provided, insure that shelving units will fit both
horizontally and vertically. /2/
3-5.6.4 Cages for arms vault, tools and parts storage and other storage areas may be
the same \2\ 8 ft by 12 ft - 2 in (2400 mm by 3650 mm) /2/ module as the basic unit
storage cage, or may be tailored to the Tenants’ requirements. \3\ The only difference is
that arms vault doors are 3 ft by 7 ft (900 mm by 2100 mm)./3/
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3-5.6.5 Security is a key element of the design of cages. The cage frames should be
no more than 1 in (25 mm) from the floor \2\ and no more than 2 in (50 mm) from walls
or ceilings /2/. \3\ All bolted cage frame connectors should be made with tamperproof
hardware in lieu of peening or tack welding in place./3/ Doors should fit tightly in their
frames and where they meet. Doors shall be provided with two padlock hasps; the
padlocks should be specified with other door hardware. Swinging doors padlock hasps
shall be provided at third points \3\/3/. Doors for vault cages shall be of the swinging
type only. Some Tenants prefer a few cages with Dutch doors; security personnel may
think these require six padlocks. No opening in caging or a caged area shall exceed 96
sq in (60,000 sq mm); the least dimension shall not exceed 150 mm (6 in). This includes
spaces in the building structure when the caging is extended to the structure, including
web spaces of bar joists.
3-5.6.6 Shelving for the unit storage caged areas is heavy-duty open steel shelving
units with five adjustable shelves. The units are typically 4 ft wide by 2 ft deep by 7 ft tall
(1200 mm wide, 600 mm deep and 2100 mm tall). Shelving for maintenance shop tool
and parts storage cages is the same width and height, but 18 in (450 mm) deep. The
units may be wider than their nominal width, and the Design Agency must ensure that
the typical cages are of sufficient size to accommodate three shelving units end to end.
A minimum of 6 units per typical cage is normally provided, 3 along each side, but
Tenants should be asked for their shelving layout preference.
3-5.6.7 Some units require space for
duffle bag storage in the unit storage area.
Duffle bag shelving is \2\ 32 in deep by 48
in long (800 mm deep by 1200 mm long)
with 6 shelves evenly spaces at a minimum
of 14 -1/2” clear between each shelf. The
overall height of the unit will vary among
manufacturers, but should not exceed 8 ft
(2400 mm). The upper height limit insures
the shelving will fit into a 9 ft (2700 mm)
minimum height cage. The bottom shelf
should be 3 in above the floor. A typical 8 ft.
by 12 ft. - 2 in. (2400 mm by 3650 mm)
cage cannot provide a sufficient aisle clearance if shelving units are placed along each
of the long walls. To provide the necessary clearance, combine two of the typical 8 ft by
12 ft - 2 in (2400 mm by 3650 mm) cages side by side to provide a 16 ft by 12 ft - 2 in
IN
Figure 3-8
Duffel Bag Cage Layout
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Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
(4800 mm by 3650 mm) cage (Small Duffel Bag Caging Layout). If required provide 3
shelving units along each 12 ft - 2 in (3650 mm) side, and 2 shelving units in the middle
of the cage. For more storage area utilize two Small Duffel Bag Caging Layouts end to
end to create a 16 ft by 24 ft. - 4 in (2400 mm by 7300 mm) cage (Large Duffel Bag
Caging Layout). This layout allows for six shelving units along each of the 24 ft. - 4 in
(7300 mm) sides and six shelving units in the middle. By providing two doors in the
16 ft (4800 mm) side, the soldiers can enter one door, walk through the cage to pick up
or return their duffel bags, and exit the other door. Each shelving unit will accommodate
3 duffel bags per shelf or 15 duffel bags per shelving unit. /2/
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3-5.6.8 \2\ See “Typical Caging Layout Plans” for more details at: http://www.lrl.
usace.army.mil/ed2/default.asp?mycategory=212. /2/
3-5.7
\3\ Dumpster Enclosure - Reinforced concrete dumpster pad with enclosure
should be of sufficient height and size to fully screen the dumpster(s). The exterior
material of the dumpster enclosure should match the same material proposed on the
exterior of the Training Center. Provide at least two bollards in the rear of the pad to
provide stops for dumpster return placement by the removal equipment. Provide
bollards to protect the exterior of the enclosure. Provide operable gates to fully screen
the dumpsters with gate keeper devices to hold close and to hold open gates in support
of dumpster equipment operation.
3-5.8
Flagpole
3-5.8.1 The flag of the United States will be displayed outdoors at all Army
installations per Army Regulation 840-10. All Army Reserve Centers should have a
flagpole. Typically, Army Reserve Centers on Army installations do not have a flagpole
since the Army installation has one, however a flagpole should be requested when the
Army Reserve Center is significantly remote from the main part of the installation. Army
Reserve Centers on military installations other than Army should request to have a
flagpole.
IN
3-5.8.2 The standard flagpole will be tapered mill finish aluminum, fitted with a gold
anodized finish “ball” finial. The mounting detail is to be simple with a concrete base
flush at grade. A concrete or sustainable paver pad must be used when poles are
located in lawn areas. In plaza areas, flagpole locations and mounting detail will be
integrated into the paving pattern. Flagpoles may be accented with planting beds
around the base of the flagpole. The flagpole should be lighted if it is determined that
the flag will not be removed at night. The height of the flagpole is dependent on the size
of the flag flown, for Army Reserve Centers the flag is typically the field flag (6-foot 8inch hoist by 12-foot fly) which would require a 40 foot flagpole./3/
3-6
INTERIOR DESIGN
3-6.1
Army Reserve Approved Materials and Systems
3-6.1.1
The approved finish materials for the various spaces are described, by space,
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in Chapter 4. A list of approved furnishings for each space is also located there.
3-6.1.2
Flooring
3-6.1.2.1 Vinyl composition tile (VCT) is the preferred flooring in
most rooms for reasons of economy, durability, ease of
maintenance and resistance to stains.
Figure 3-9
USARC, Camp
Parks, California
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3-6.1.2.2 In areas where an upgraded appearance is desired,
\2\ carpet tiles /2/ is the \3\ standard /3/. \2\Carpet tiles /2/ aid in
noise reduction and reduces fatigue when standing for long
periods. Fiber, construction, and cleanability must be considered
in selection of carpet \2\tiles/2/. Carpet tiles are more easily
maintained and require replacement only of damaged portions.
3-6.1.2.3 Certain areas of the building may require specialty floorings. In restrooms,
ceramic tile is normally used because of its hard surface, ease of cleaning, and stain
resistance. In the kitchen, quarry tile is used because it is impervious to water, grease
and most liquids. In physical fitness rooms, rubber flooring is used for resilience and
resistance to indentation. In NOC rooms and other rooms where electrical equipment is
in use, a static dissipative tile is used to reduce the effects of static electricity.
3-6.1.2.4 Other flooring materials such as porcelain pavers are occasionally used when
an upgraded image is desired or to complement the facility image.
3-6.1.2.5 Entrance-type carpeting should be provided at all major training center
entrances to minimize tracking of dirt, mud and snow into the building.
3-6.1.3
Wall Finishes
IN
3-6.1.3.1 Paint is the preferred finish for wall surfaces. The paints used in the facility
should be high quality, durable and easily cleaned. Epoxy paint should be used in wet
areas such as toilet rooms.
3-6.1.3.2 Ceramic tile is used on the walls of toilet and shower rooms for durability,
cleanability and resistance to stains.
3-6.1.3.3 For areas where enhanced appearance is desired, such as conference rooms
and command suites, vinyl wallcovering or paneling should be considered.
3-6.1.3.4 Horizontal blinds are provided for most windows. Room-darkening horizontal
blinds are required in classrooms, conference rooms, and other areas where A/V
equipment might be used.
3-6.2
Furniture
3-6.2.1
\2\ All Army Reserve projects are designated as a UNICOR or non-UNICOR
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project to determine the furniture vendor to be specified. The designer must verify the
designation with the Louisville District Corps of Engineers. /2/
3-6.2.2 \1\The majority of the furniture in USAR facilities is administrative, and will be
either freestanding metal desk-based furniture or panel based system furniture. The
USAR has determined that suspended pedestals will not be used. Furniture should be
coordinated with the Tenants so that it supports the intended functions and
equipment./1/ \3\ Verify with Louisville District Corps of Engineers current furniture
specifications./3/
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3-6.2.2.1 Freestanding metal desk-based furniture is used in the private and shared
offices. The desk-based furniture will be capable of structurally supporting overhead
desk storage. USAR has selected freestanding metal desk-based furniture for offices for
its greater flexibility and minimal effort when changes are required. The supports for the
overhead desk storage should not exceed approximately 6 in (150 mm) in depth. Avoid
furniture arrangements which has office Tenant’s back to the door.
3-6.2.2.2 Panel-based system furniture is used in the unit common areas. All of the
major components of the system will be suspended \3\ /3/ from the panels. The panels
provide some acoustical and visual privacy in the open office spaces. \3\ /3/
3-6.2.2.3 General Officer and staff suite, O6 Commanding Officers and O6
Commanding Officer’s Command Sergeant Major offices shall be distinguished from
typical private offices with the use of traditional wood furniture. \3\ Verify with Louisville
District Corps of Engineers current wood furniture specifications./3/
3-6.2.2.4 Desk Units, workstation and common-use storage pieces should be provided
with keyed locks; coordinate keying with Tenants. Normally, desk unit storage pieces in
each private office should be keyed alike; unit commons workstation storage may
require more than one key per workstation due to multiple Tenants.
Seating
IN
3-6.2.3
3-6.2.3.1 Desk seating for the private, shared and unit common workstations will have
ergonomic adjustments to fit the Tenant and the task. Ergonomic adjustments include
overall height, lumbar support and arm height adjustments which help the Tenant to
more efficiently complete the task and prevent injury.
3-6.2.3.2 Visitor or guest chairs will be sled-based to easily be pulled up to the desk or
table.
3-6.2.3.3 \1\ Classroom chairs will be stackable for ease of reconfiguring the furniture
within the room as well as for ease of storage. The stacking chairs will have upholstered
seats and backs, and a sled base./1/
3-6.2.3.4 \2\ Breakroom chairs will be stackable, sledbase, plastic shell chair./2/
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3-6.2.3.5 Lounge seating will be fully upholstered.
3-6.2.3.6 \1\ Adjustable stools used in conjunction with workbenches in armorers’ room
and repair rooms will have woven “Crypton” upholstery with a finish that will protect
against grease and oils. Adjustable stools used in conjunction with workbenches in
NOC’s will be an ESD (static dissipative) type with arms. Adjustable stools, with or
without arms, will be used in conjunction with lecterns in Learning Centers and
Assembly rooms, and are optional for classrooms and training rooms./1/
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3-6.3
Colors: The USAR has approved four basic color schemes for its projects:
green, blue, rust and cranberry. These color schemes serve as a guideline and the
designer is encouraged to enhance them.
3-6.4
\1\ Steel shelving and steel cabinets for unit storage areas and maintenance
shops are considered equipment rather than furniture, and are provided as part of the
construction contract under OMAR funding. (See Appendix C for list of OMAR-funded
items.) Shelving for library and facility maintenance storage areas are typically part of
the furniture package. Workbenches for unit storage areas, maintenance shops and
armorer’s rooms are typically part of the furniture package./1/
3-6.5
Furniture design must be closely coordinated with electrical and
communication design; this is especially true for the open office panel system
workstations. The workstations will be furnished and installed by the Government, but
the construction contractor will be responsible for wiring them once they are installed
\3\ and the cutting of the Government furnished electrical base feed whip to the
appropriate length and connecting to the buildings’s power source. The construction
contractor shall provide and install all conduit, fittings, cables, coverplates and jacks
necessary to complete the communications system installation with the panel systems
furniture workstations. /3/ Close coordination should reduce the conflict inherent in this
situation.
IN
3-6.6
\3\ Marker boards, projection screens and presentation boards need to be
sized for the individual room and its use. The minimum size of marker boards in
classrooms, library reading rooms, learning centers, and COMSEC training rooms is 4’h
x 8’w and the minimum size in break areas is 4’ x 4’. The minimum size of presentation
boards in conference rooms is 4’x4’. The minimum size of projection screens in
classrooms, library reading rooms, learning centers, and COMSEC training rooms is 6’ x
6’ and the minimum size in conference rooms 4’w x 8’h. Marker boards and projection
screens in assembly halls will need to be sized to meet the tenant’s desire. Marker
boards are porcelain enamel on sheetmetal to allow use of magnets and magnetic
presentation devices. Presentation boards in conference rooms are enclosed in a
cabinet. Projection screens are powered and recessed mounted in the ceiling; an
exception can be made for screens in the assembly hall. /3/
3-6.7
The RSC and Tenants should be asked if they have furniture standards of
their own. In case of conflicts with typical USAR standards, the Using Service will make
a determination.
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3-7STRUCTURAL
3-7.1
USAR Approved Systems and Materials
3-7.1.1 Reference \2\ UFC 1-200-01 “General Building Requirements” /2/ for further
structural design information.
3-7.1.3
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3-7.1.2 The structural system should be the most cost effective design without
restricting the architectural and engineering aspects of the building, such as flexibility,
function, character, and symmetrical configuration for seismic resistance. A variety of
systems should be considered, and the one selected must satisfy the site, flexibility,
future expansion, program, economic and availability requirements. Note: availability of
hard metric construction materials plays a significant role in the structural design.
The following are typical structural framing systems preferred by USAR.
3-7.1.3.1 Exterior walls will be concrete masonry or steel studs with a masonry veneer.
Concrete masonry is preferred due to durability and stiffness for masonry veneer
backup. If studs are considered for masonry veneer backup, design should limit stud
lateral deflection to L/600. AT/FP requirements restrict the use of load-bearing concrete
masonry and load bearing steel stud walls for multistory structures (three stories or
more, not including the basement, if applicable).
IN
3-7.1.3.2 Roof framing consists of steel beams, steel bar joists, and steel roof deck.
Depending on local soil conditions, the lower level floor is reinforced concrete slab on
grade or structurally reinforced concrete slab. The remaining levels consist of either
steel form deck filled with concrete supported by steel bar joists, steel beams and
columns or precast plank supported on load-bearing concrete masonry walls.
Depending on requirements for fireproofing, composite steel beams may be an
alternative to steel bar joists in the above-mentioned systems. Consider pre-engineered
buildings for unheated storage structures. USAR strongly prefers tube columns for ease
of detailing and fit within exterior walls.
3-7.1.3.3 \2\ Use of wood in Army Reserve Projects is covered by ACSIM-ODR
memorandum “Use of Wood for Military Construction, Army Reserve (MCAR) Projects”
dated 10 September 2002. The memorandum states on a project-by-project basis, if
aesthetically acceptable, economically feasible and approved by ACSIM-ODR, heavy
timber or glued-laminated columns, beams, and trusses may be used in Army Reserve
Facilities. The memorandum specifically states that light wood framing is not
acceptable./2/
3-7.2
Design Loads
3-7.2.1 The following are minimum design loads. Some local building codes or design
requirements may be more stringent and will take precedence.
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3-7.2.2
Gravity Loads
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Roof live load
20 psf
1.0 kPA
Snow load (governs if greater than the minimum Roof live load of 20 psf
above) refer to \2\ UFC 3‑310‑01 /2/
Floor live loads (in accordance with ASCE 7)
Assembly/waiting rooms
100 psf
4.8 kPA
Classrooms
40 psf
1.9 kPA
Corridors (2nd floor)
80 psf
3.8 kPA
Day rooms/lounge
60 psf
2.9 kPA
Latrines/locker rooms
75 psf
3.6 kPA
Library/reading rooms
60 psf
2.9 kPA
Light storage
125 psf
6.0 kPA
Mechanical room (air conditioning) 125 psf
6.0 kPA
Mech. equip. room (general)
100 psf
4.8 kPA
Offices
50 psf
2.4 kPA
Recreation rooms
100 psf
4.8 kPA
Telephone/radio equip. rooms
100 psf
4.8 kPA
Floor partition load
20 psf
1.0 kPA
3-7.2.3 Some Tenants have concentrated loads in the form of banks of files or safes;
the designer should inquire as to whether there are special loads which need to be
accommodated in the design.
3-7.3
Lateral Design
3-7.3.1 Seismic lateral loads are determined according to \2\ the latest DoD guidance
set forth in UFC 1-200-01 “General Building Requirement”/2/. A geotechnical engineer
should determine the seismic Site Classification during the site evaluation and prior to
the project feasibility study.
IN
3-7.3.2 Wind lateral loads are determined according to \2\ the latest DoD guidance
set forth in UFC 1-200-01 “General Building Requirement” /2/. Basic wind speeds are
also found in UFC 3‑310‑01 “Design: Structural Load Data”. \2\ However, in the event
of discrepancies, the former shal govern./2/ An Importance Factor of 1.0 should be
applied to the design of training centers.
3-7.3.3 Wind pressures (components and cladding) on roof systems should be shown
on construction documents. Structural should determine cladding wind pressure values
and information could be shown on architectural roof plans.
3-7.3.4 Provide redundant lateral resisting systems to comply with AT/FP
requirements. Refer to Section 3-7.6 for further information.
3-7.4
Structural Ceiling Grid System: Below the sloped roof, provide a U‑shaped
cold-formed channel grid system for ceiling, mechanical/electrical equipment support
and lateral support of nonload-bearing partition walls. Grid system should be laterally
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braced for site-specific seismic conditions. Minimum lateral design load will be 0.25 kPa
(5 psf) applied to supported elements.
3-7.5
Wall Elevations
3-7.5.1 Structural wall elevations will be provided in the construction (drawings)
documents. Concrete masonry wall elevations will note the reinforcing steel, steel or
masonry lintels and other pertinent information. Wall elevations should \2\ reference
architectural and mechanical drawings for actual dimensions of wall openings./2/
3-7.6
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3-7.5.2 Structural may consider a key plan (building footprint) for referencing wall
elevations.
Antiterrorism/Force Protection (AT/FP) Considerations
3-7.6.1 Refer to Section 2-5 of this document for AT/FP documentation and further
information. The USAR prefers that buildings be limited to two stories to avoid additional
construction costs necessitated by buildings over two stories in height.
3-7.6.2
A brief summary of some structural requirements:
3-7.6.2.1 For all multistory (three or more stories, not including the basement, if
applicable) inhabited structures, design all vertical load bearing elements assuming the
loss of lateral support at any one floor level. For design of vertical elements, the
effective length is established by lateral support by the roof or floor level(s). This will
essentially double the design effective length of the column, and thus possibly increase
its size. The design of the vertical element should include the load contribution from the
lost level. This requirement is independent of standoff distances.
IN
3-7.6.2.2 Exterior masonry walls will be reinforced in all inhabited structures. Refer to
AT/FP criteria for minimum masonry reinforcing. When AT/FP standoff distances are not
met, grouting and vertical reinforcing may need to be increased to resist the damage of
an explosive placed at the standoff distance.
3-7.6.2.3 On multistory (three or more stories, not including the basement, if applicable)
inhabited structures, design all floors and roofs with improved capacity to withstand load
reversals. This requirement is independent of standoff distances.
3-7.6.2.4 AT/FP requirements restrict the use of load bearing concrete masonry and
load bearing steel stud walls for multistory structures (three stories or more, not
including the basement, if applicable). Exterior walls in multistory inhabited structures
will employ one-way wall elements spanning vertically to minimize blast loads on
columns. AT/FP requires that concrete masonry walls span vertically and be isolated
from vertical elements (i.e., columns) of the frame system. This requirement is
independent of standoff distances.
3-7.6.2.5 When portions of inhabited structures with lesser occupancies are located
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within prescribed standoff distances, structurally separate those portions of lesser
occupancy from the remaining portions of the structure that meet the standoff distances.
Individual structural framing systems may be utilized, for example, locating two columns
side by side to support neighboring portions of inhabited structures. Coordinate standoff
distance requirements with project site designer.
3-7.7
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3-7.6.2.6 Attach interior ceiling-mounted fixtures to the supporting structural system in
inhabited structures. This includes suspended ceilings, light fixtures, and mechanical
and electrical ducting and pipes. Seismic support of these items is described in \2\ the
latest DoD guidance set forth in UFC 1-200-01 /2/. This requirement is independent of
standoff distances.
Foundation
Figure 3-10
USARC, Arden
Hills, Minnesota
slab.
3-7.8
3-7.7.1
Concrete masonry foundation walls below grade will
be filled solid with corefill concrete to prevent water from
accumulating.
3-7.7.2
Provide a typical foundation and ground floor slab
detail within the construction (drawing) documents. This detail will
note the geotechnical soils report recommendations for
preparation of soils to support the building foundation and concrete
Renovations/Alterations
3-7.8.1 Refer to \2\ the latest DoD guidance set forth in UFC 1-200-01 “General
Building Requirement”/2/ for seismic evaluation and upgrading of existing structures.
IN
3-7.8.2 When altering an existing structure, consult the Using Service (ACSIM-ODR)
for extents of structural upgrading for current code compliance and life safety
requirements.
3-7.8.3 In addition to structural design criteria, the seismic capability of existing
structures must be evaluated per \2\ the latest DoD guidance set forth in
UFC 1-200-01./2/
3-7.8.3.1 The seismic evaluation analysis will be carried to the extent necessary to
determine a reasonable estimate of the life safety requirement (safety of personnel, i.e.,
to prevent collapse of building).
3-7.8.3.2 \2\ The investigation should include but not /2/ be limited to the analysis of
representative frames or load-bearing shear walls in both directions of the structure.
Seismic forces will be carried to the foundations.
3-7.8.3.3 Consult the Using Service (ACSIM-ODR) regarding lateral resisting systems
redundancy according to AT/FP guidelines.
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3-7.8.3.4 Roof and floor diaphragms will be investigated to transfer the lateral load to
the frames or shear walls, particularly the connections.
3-7.8.3.5 Nonreinforced masonry filler walls will be assumed to have no resistance
capacity and will be susceptible to damage. However, if there are many of these walls
that appear to provide substantial lateral load restraint without exceeding the allowable
stresses, they may be considered as part of the seismic resisting system.
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3-7.8.3.6 When the strength of materials in concrete construction or the strength of the
load-bearing masonry walls is critical for the investigation or in determining the
necessary remedial measures, core samples will be taken and tested to determine the
values to be used for developing the conclusions.
3-7.8.3.7 Life safety of the existing structure is defined as meeting \2\ 75 /2/ percent of
the lateral resistance (strength requirements) required by code. However, any
strengthening or remedial measures to be provided will be designed to meet 100
percent of the lateral resistance of the code.
3-7.8.3.8 Refer to \2\ the latest DoD guidance set forth in UFC 1-200-01 /2/ for detailed
requirements for ductility in frames, connections to account for walls, isolation of
nonstructural masonry walls, clearances to account for story drift and support of
nonstructural and mechanical/electrical elements. Existing partitions and walls without
lateral support at the top, or without straying from a relatively rigid ceiling system near
the top, will be provided with lateral support against seismic forces. Mechanical and
electrical equipment will be anchored to resist seismic forces. All new partitions,
suspended ceilings, mechanical and electrical elements, and systems must be designed
in accordance with the latest DoD guidance set forth in UFC 1-200-01.
3-8
3-8.1
MECHANICAL
USAR Approved Materials and Systems
IN
3-8.1.1 HVAC materials are of commercial quality, leaning towards the industrial end
of the scale. In most cases equipment is floor mounted in a mechanical room or
installed outside on a housekeeping pad. Rooftop equipment is seldom used except for
kitchen applications. NOC rooms should be served by small split system cooling units to
allow the central cooling plant to be deactivated in the unoccupied mode. HVAC
systems and equipment should be selected to provide the lowest life cycle cost. Refer to
ETL 1110‑1‑181 for chiller selections. When selecting equipment and systems,
consideration should also be given to keeping the service aspects of the installation
simple, allowing on-site personnel to perform the maintenance tasks rather than having
outside service contracts. There are five general HVAC system types typically used on
Army Reserve projects:
3-8.1.1.1 Variable Air Volume Systems include a central package air handler which
utilizes chilled water, and hot water coils, package chiller and boilers, and VAV boxes
with reheat. If a chilled water system cannot be justified by life cycle costs, air-cooled
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condensing units may be used.
3-8.1.1.2 Split Systems include fuel-fired furnaces with condensing units or small air
handlers with condensing unit/heat pumps. These are normally single zone units.
3-8.1.1.3 Fan Coil Units Systems can be used for multizone situations in lieu of VAV
boxes. This system requires central chiller and boilers and piping systems feeding the
fan coil units in each zone.
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3-8.1.1.4 Vehicle maintenance bays are normally served by either fuel-fired infrared
heaters or fuel-fired forced air unit heaters. In climates with more than 5000 heating
degree days, in-floor hot water heat with fuel-fired infrared heaters is the standard.
3-8.1.1.5 Kitchens are normally served by a rooftop makeup air unit and cooled by
either a packaged cooling rooftop unit or by a central VAV system.
3-8.1.2 It is standard practice to apply DDC controls to Army Reserve building
projects. The size of the projects are generally such that digital controls are warranted
for energy savings. Off-Post facilities, buildings not intended to be connected to EMCS,
and facilities where the user specifically directs the design, are facilities where DDC is
permitted to be used and must be decided on a case-by-case basis.
IN
3-8.1.3 Select and design mechanical systems in accordance with UFC 3-410-01FA.
For weather data use UFC 3-400-02 and other “authoritative sources of weather data
and tapes.” Also note that compliance with Executive Order 13123 requires purchase of
products with an energy efficiency of the upper 25% available. Use mechanical
ventilation to meet the building’s cooling requirements when practical. Consider the use
of heat recovery equipment in areas with high ventilation requirements. Size pipes and
ducts using industry standard friction rates and velocities. Design ducts and piping with
smooth transitions to reduce friction losses. Specify insulation thickness to meet
applicable energy efficiency standards. \2\ UFC 3‑450‑01 /2/ provides design guidance
for controlling noise and vibration.
3-8.2
Provide mechanical ventilation that allows the buildings to conform to
sustainable design standards. This includes applying the latest version of
ASHRAE Standard 62.1. Assembly Hall, Classrooms, Reading Rooms, Conference
Rooms, Physical Training, etc. will have widely varying occupancy rates during occupied
periods. It also appears that pollutants in these spaces, and therefore the outside air
requirements in these spaces, will be directly related to the number of occupants.
Controlling the amount of outside air based on CO2 sensors can be very effective in
these cases saving significant amounts of energy while ensuring a healthy environment
for the occupants. Suggest that CO2 sensors be considered by the designer for these
spaces in coordination with the user and maintenance staff. It also appears that many of
the offices and similar spaces will be occupied only part of the time the building is
occupied. The designer, in coordination with the user and maintenance staff, should
consider occupancy sensors for those spaces to control both the lights and to reset the
terminal units to an unoccupied setting.
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3-8.3
Provide automatic temperature controls for maintaining occupied and
unoccupied temperature conditions. Use temperature controls with setback and time-ofday provisions that allow building temperatures to drift during unoccupied hours. Provide
protective shields for sensors and thermostats in exposed areas. Apply DDC (direct
digital controls) to VAV (variable air volume) and other multiple zone systems used on
larger (over 10,000 sf or 1000 sq m) buildings. Provide an emergency HVAC shutoff
switch accessible to building occupants that will shut down air handling systems to limit
distribution of airborne contaminants.
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3-8.4
Zoning and System Considerations: emphasize the occupancy profile for
various areas of the building when analyzing systems. Where possible, isolate part-time
occupancy areas from full-time occupancy areas to reduce energy consumption. Allow
unoccupied zones to drift to the unoccupied space temperature limits. Make provisions
to introduce mechanically conditioned ventilation air only during the occupied hours for
each zone. Ventilation requirements listed in individual space criteria are minimums.
Humidification systems are not required. Dedicated dehumidification systems are
required only in arms storage vaults. Base additional design decisions on the
recommendations stated in the latest editions of the American Society of Heating,
Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) Handbooks.
IN
3-8.5
Provide dedicated mechanical room space for floor-mounted equipment.
Access doors must be lockable. Include adequate space for the equipment, duct and
piping connections, removal and replacement access, and manufacturer’s
recommended service clearances around each piece of equipment. Equipment may
share service access space to minimize mechanical room floor area. Isolate natural
draft fuel-fired equipment from air-handling equipment to prevent down drafting of flue
gasses. Ventilation air intakes and exhausts must be a minimum of 15 ft (5 m) apart.
Intakes must be 10 ft (3.05 m) above grade due to AT/FP requirements, and be on a
different building face from exhausts. Intakes must also be as far as possible from
cooling towers, plumbing vents and any other source of contamination, see Air Intake
Minimum Separation Distance Table in ASHRAE 62.1. Army Reserve policy is to
minimize roof penetrations and roof-mounted mechanical equipment for both practical
and aesthetic reasons. Fresh air intakes will be located to maintain this intent while
complying with antiterrorism requirements.
3-8.6
Consider providing screen walls for exterior mechanical or electrical
equipment, to screen them from view to improve the appearance of the facility. If screen
walls are provided, their design must comply with AT/FP standards. Recommend and
provide manufacturer equipment ventilation. Typical screen walls are 8 ft (2450 mm) tall,
of a solid material with a lockable gate, and the screened area normally has a rock
mulch or similar ground cover. It may be necessary to provide a screen top to the
enclosure for AT/FP purposes.
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3-9
PLUMBING
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3-9.1
USAR Approved Materials and Systems
Figure 3-11
3-9.1.1 The plumbing materials are those typically used for
Janitor’s Closet
commercial construction where the building owner intends to
occupy the building. Included a compressed air piping system
for maintenance bay service tools, typically the air compressor
is located in the mechanical room. Other maintenance building
options may include hard piped lube/oil and AT fluid
distribution systems, compressed air drops, battery charging,
emergency safety fixtures and water drops. These options
may be shared by adjacent workbays to reduce cost.
3-9.1.2 Provide factory fabricated plumbing equipment. This includes grease traps,
oil/water separators, compressed air plants and trench drains. Select piping materials
that will provide 25 years of service. Consider the durability required to withstand
periodic and emergency cleaning with plumbing snakes. Select plumbing fixtures and
equipment to provide the lowest life cycle cost. Refer to ETL 1110‑3-465 for water meter
criteria. Refer to ETL 1110-3-466 for selection of oil/water separators. \2\ UFC 3-42002FA, UFC 3-420-01 and TM 5-810-6 /2/ provide design guidance for compressed air,
plumbing and gas piping systems, respectively. UFC 3-230-10A provides design
guidance for water supply systems. Communication with the Tenants is important to
establish the appropriate level of design for the vehicle maintenance areas.
3-10ELECTRICAL
3-10.1
General
3-10.1.1 The primary goal of electrical systems design should be to provide a safe,
reliable, flexible, economical, comfortable and energy efficient facility.
IN
3-10.1.2 The project design should include power distribution, interior and exterior
lighting, exit and egress lighting, fire alarm system, fire alarm signal transmitters,
security system, arms vault intrusion detection system, public address system, cathodic
protection, lightning protection, open office furniture wiring, kitchen equipment wiring,
elevator equipment wiring, and telecommunication system.
3-10.1.3 Electrical and communication design must be closely coordinated with
furniture design; this is especially true for the open office workstations. The workstations
will be furnished and installed by the Government, but the construction contractor will be
responsible for for wiring them once they are installed \3\ and the cutting of the
Government furnished electrical base feed whip to the appropriate length and
connecting to the buildings’s power source. The construction contractor shall provide
and install all conduit, fittings, cables, coverplates and jacks necessary to complete the
communications system installation with the panel systems furniture workstations. /3/
Close coordination should reduce the conflict inherent in this situation. \2\ For full time/
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shared private offices refer to Section 4-2.1 for desk unit/workstation power and data
requirements./2/
3-10.1.4 The design and construction of the electrical systems should be in compliance
with the latest NFPA 70-National Electrical Code, NFPA 101-Life Safety Code, and IES
Lighting Reference Guide and Application Guide \3\ /3/.
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3-10.1.5 \3\ Materials and equipment shall be the standard catalogued products of
manufacturers regularly engaged in the production of such equipment and material, and
shall be the manufacturer’s current design. All equipment and material shall conform to
the requirements of American National Standards Institute (ANSI), American Society of
Testing and Materials (ASTM), National Electrical Manufacturer’s Association (NEMA),
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) or other national trade association as
applicable. Where standards exist, materials and equipment shall bear the label and be
listed by Underwriters Laboratories, Inc. (UL) or other Nationally Recognized Testing
Laboratory (NRTL) per the NEC. /3/
3-10.1.6 The designer should prepare lighting calculations, electrical load calculations,
electrical short circuit and protective device coordination analysis and calculations. The
short circuit and protective device coordination analysis should be done using industry
standard computer software and the reports should be furnished for Government review.
3-10.2
Exterior Electrical Systems
3-10.2.1 The main electric power service will be obtained from the local power
company or the Government installation.
3-10.2.2 A/E should confirm in writing the service requirements from the utility or
installation to provide primary underground electrical service and pad-mounted
transformer. \3\ Pad-mounted transformer should be located in accordance with
requirements of power company, installation and AT/FP. /3/
IN
3-10.2.3 The empty conduits from the service transformers to the primary power
source, for service cables, and transformer pad will typically be provided by the
contractor in accordance with utility company standards. Provide transition cabinet on
transformer pad in accordance with utility company standards. Secondary underground
electrical service, including trenching and backfilling, should be provided by the
contractor. Provide current transformer (CT) cabinet for utility-furnished CTs. Utility
company normally provides meter. A 1 inch (21 mm) conduit should be routed from the
CT cabinet to the meter.
3-10.2.4 A total electrical service including all cable, pad, transformer, meter and
underground conduit, etc. will be provided for under the project design for facilities on
government installations. Coordinate with government facility DPW. \3\ UFC 3-400-01
requires the utilities to be monitored through connection to a base wide energy and
utility monitoring and control system directly or via the building HVAC control system,
this may require installing a meter separate from the billing meter./3/
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3-10.2.5 Secondary underground electrical service should utilize direct burial conduits,
with a spare conduit from the transformer to the main switchboard.
3-10.2.6 \3\ Project exterior monumental sign should be lighted using photcell on timer off - timer on - photocell off. Flagpole should be lighted if it is determined that flag
will not be removed at night with photocell on - photocell off control. /3/
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3-10.2.7 Exterior lighting fixtures (wallpacks, canopy lights) should be provided at
building entrances/exit doors with programmable lighting control system and a photocell.
Control should be photo on/photo off. Locate the lighting controller and time clocks in
the main electrical room. Time clock generally programmed to allow lighting between
the hours of 5:30 P.M. - 11:59 P.M.
3-10.2.8 DEPMED and MEP area should be provided with light fixtures mounted on
9.1 meter steel pole for area lighting. Consider the use of metal halide lamp light fixtures
with motion sensors and time clock for exterior lighting to turn on light fixtures when a
motion is detected in the area. Locate the lighting controller and time clocks in the main
electrical room. Maintain an average lighting level of \2\ 0.2 foot-candles /2/ throughout
the area. Provide motion sensor control for high-low light levels. \3\ The sequence of
operations shall be:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
Photocell ON.
Lamps brought to 100% light output and allowed to warm up per
manufacturer’s recommendations.
Lamp brought to 50% light output after warm up.
When motion detected, lamps brought immediately to 100% output.
Fifteen minutes after last motion detected lamps reduced to 50% output.
Photocell OFF./3/
IN
3-10.2.9 Verify the need for security lighting for POV parking area with the Tenants and
also the local municipality or Government installation. \2\ POV parking area light level
shall be 0.1 foot candles average./2/ \3\ POV parking lot lighting control: photocell on –
timer off – timer on – photocell off./3/
3-10.2.10Outdoor GFCI receptacles with weatherproof covers should be provided.
3-10.2.11\3\ Light pole bases shall be designed to accommodate local soil and wind
conditions. For poles in locations in POV parking lots protected by a curb or wheel stop,
the pole base shall extend 3 inches above final grade. For poles in POV parking lots in
locations not protected by a curb or wheel stop, the pole base shall be a minimum of 24
inches in diameter and extend 36 inches above final grade. For poles located in MEP
areas, the pole base shall be a minimum of 36 inches in diameter and extend 48 inches
above final grade./3/
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3-10.3
Interior Electrical
3-10.3.1 Interior Electric Power Distribution
3-10.3.1.1 Buildings should be served from main switchboards in the electrical rooms
at 480/277 volt, 3-phase, 4-wire for lighting, power and mechanical loads. DEPMED
should be provided with 208/120 volt, 3-phase, 4-wire power supply.
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3-10.3.1.2 \3\ Dedicated Electrical Equipment Space. The main electric room shall be
sized and organized to accommodate the main switchboard, space for an additional
(future) distribution section, metering equipment, distribution transformer(s), distribution
board(s), panelboard(s), space for 20% (not less than one) additional (future)
panelboard(s), fire alarm control panel, lighting control equipment, and additional
equipment as required. Coordinate access and egress requirements and location
relative to the service transformer. Electrical equipment dedicated space and working
space shall be in compliance with the NEC./3/
3-10.3.1.3 Conductors for feeders should be sized to prevent a voltage drop
exceeding 3 percent at the farthest outlet of power, heating, and lighting loads, or
combinations of such loads – and where the maximum total voltage drop on both
feeders and branch circuits to the farthest outlet does not exceed 5 percent, should
provide reasonable efficiency of operation.
Figure 3-12
USARC, Camp
Parks, California
IN
3-10.3.1.4 \3\ The main switchboard shall be service entrance
rated and shall have the neutral bus connected to the ground bus
by a properly sized main bonding jumper. The main switchboard
shall have circuit breakers serving large loads such as distribution
boards, panelboards, motor control centers, elevators, and large
equipment./3/ Combination starters should be provided with
disconnect switches and breakers to serve motors in HVAC
equipment. Branch circuit panels should be circuit breaker
panelboard type with plug-in breakers.
3-10.3.1.4.1 \3\ Panelboards shall be located to minimize voltage
drop, to efficiently serve equipment, and to provide system
flexibility. Coordinate locations with other disciplines to avoid
conflicts. Electrical equipment dedicated space and working space shall be in
compliance with the NEC.
3-10.3.1.4.2 Distribution Transformers. Size for the load calculated per the NEC plus
25% excess capacity. Nonlinear Loads: In all areas with raised floors and in areas
(including but not limited to open office spaces and computer center) where nonlinear
load type equipment predominates, such as computers, printers, uninterruptible power
supply (UPS), motors with variable speed drives, electronic ballasts and dimmers and
other similar loads, IEEE Std. 1100 “Power and Grounding Sensitive Electronic
Equipment”, and IEEE Std. 519 “Practices and Requirements for Harmonic Control in
Electrical Power Systems” shall be used as design guides. Provide “K” factor rated
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transformers as required for the anticipated harmonic load and as required in the Army
Reserve IT Manual to power Clean Power circuits. Identify the “K” factor rating for each
transformer. Locate in electrical rooms and provide proper ventilation and cooling. Provide energy efficient transformers meeting NEMA TP-1 Standards. Distribution
transformers constitute separately derived systems and shall have the neutral bonded
at the transformer or at the first overcurrent device in accordance with the NEC. The
bonding point will be connected to the nearest suitable standing electrode with a
grounding electrode conductor per the NEC.
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3-10.3.1.4.3 Smart Meters: The Government requires the ability to measure and
monitor hourly electrical consumption for each occupied building. Provide metering that
communicates electrical data to a remote location in formats that can be easily
integrated into an advanced metering system. The meters shall measure, as a
minimum, power in kW average demand over 15-minute intervals and energy
consumption in kWH, as well as voltage, current, frequency, reactive power, and power
factor with an accuracy of 0.5% in accordance with ANSI C12.20. The output shall be
Modbus RTU/RS485 and LonTalk ANSI/CEA-709 protocol. The meter shall store data
for 30 days, including peak demand recording and time-of-use logging with battery
backup. Provide alarm outputs for over/under voltage and phase loss./3/
3-10.3.1.5 Interior conductors should be type THHN/THWN or THW conforming to
UL83 or RHW conforming to UL44. All conductors should be copper. All conductors
should be routed in conduit. Minimum conductor size should be #12 AWG, except
conductors for fire alarm system should be #16 for initiation circuits. A separate green
ground conductor, size per NFPA 70 Article 250 “Grounding,” should be installed in all
conduits containing receptacle and lighting circuits, and should be installed in all feeders
from main switchboard to panelboards and motor/equipment.
IN
3-10.3.1.6 The main electrical service switchboard ground bus shall be connected to
a Grounding Electrode System in accordance with NFPA 70, Article 250 “Grounding”.
The computer room grounding and equipment should be connected directly to the
building service ground.
3-10.3.1.7 \3\ Final sizing for the service(s) for the facility shall be sized for the load
calculated per the NEC plus 25% excess capacity, rounded up to the next standard
service size, for future growth./3/ The following minimum loads should be assumed to
determine the preliminary size of electrical service to the building:
Lighting Load
Site Lighting
HVAC Load
Elevator
Computer Load
General Purpose
3 VA/sf (26.9VA/sq m)
465 VA per fixture
6.5 VA/sf (64.6 VA/sq m)
40 HP/elevator
1.0 VA/sf (10.8 VA/sq m)
0.5 VA/sf (5.4 VA/sq m)
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Receptacles
Miscellaneous Loads
Future Spare Capacity
Minimum Power Factor
Transformer Impedance
1.0 VA/sf (10.8 VA/sq m)
+25%
0.9
5.75%
3-10.3.2 Power
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3-10.3.2.1 All motors 1/2 HP and larger should be specified 3-phase 480 volts when
available. Provide overload protection in the motor starters and short circuit protection
for the motor and its feeder. \2\ When there is a problem obtaining equipment with 480
volt, 3 phase power, request a deviation from the Contracting Officer’s Representative
to provide equipment at another voltage./2/
3-10.3.2.1.1 \3\ 120 volt motors shall have integral thermal overload protection when
available. If integral thermal overload protection is not available, provide manual
thermal overload starters. Provide combination motor starter–disconnect controllers for
polyphase motors. Provide reduced voltage starters for motors over 25 HP. Coordinate
starter type with motor design and starting torque requirements.
3-10.3.2.1.2 Motor Efficiencies. Minimum motor efficiencies shall be either Energy Star
or in accordance with DOE Buying Energy Efficient Products Recommendations (refer
to www.eere.energy.gov for recommended efficiencies). Provide premium efficiency
motors where possible. Premium efficiencies shall meet or exceed the specifications of
Baldor Super-E Products. Applications which require definite purpose, special purpose,
special frame, or special mounted polyphase induction motors are excluded from these
efficiency requirements./3/
3-10.3.2.2 \2\ Include single phase protection where 120V/240V /2/ motors are
required by code to have thermal protection, manual thermal overload starters should
be provided.
IN
3-10.3.2.3 \3\ Provide disconnect switches for motors and equipment in accordance
with the NEC. Provide motor-rated toggle switches for 120 volt motors with integral
thermal overload protection. The manual starter may serve as the disconnect for 120
volt motors without integral thermal overload protection when properly located. Combination motor starter-disconnect controllers may serve as the disconnect for
polyphase motors when properly located. Provide additional non-fused disconnect
switches within sight of the motor when the starter-disconnect cannot be placed within
sight of the motor./3/
3-10.3.2.4
\3\ /3/
3-10.3.2.5 In branch circuit, feeder and service calculations, compute receptacle
loads at not more than 180 volt-amperes per outlet with demand factors according to
NFPA 70 Article 220.
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3-10.3.2.6 \3\ All general purpose receptacles should be 20 amps, NEMA WD 1.
Ground fault circuit interrupter receptacles should be provided for bathrooms,
maintenance bays and outdoor receptacles. Flush floor boxes for the first floor and
poke-through boxes on upper floors should be provided to connect panel system
workstations in the open office areas, as necessary./3/
3-10.3.2.7
\3\ /3/
3-10.3.2.8 \2\ If 4 (four) or more 3-phase motors are located within a room or area
use a motor control center (MCC) for motors requiring a starter. /2/
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3-10.3.2.9 \3\ General Purpose Receptacles. General purpose receptacles are in
addition to the special purpose and dedicated outlets for special equipment. 3-10.3.2.10 Provide a minimum of one general purpose 120 volt, 20 ampere duplex
receptacle outlet in each room
3-10.3.2.11 Offices. Provide a minimum of one general purpose receptacle on each
wall. In offices where walls exceed 12 feet, provide an additional duplex receptacle for
each additional 12 feet of wall or fraction thereof. Receptacle spacing shall not exceed
12 feet. Mount receptacles in offices at 15 inches above finished floor.
3-10.3.2.12 Provide receptacles or power connections for utilization equipment
included in the project as well as equipment furnished by the Government. Governmentfurnished utilization equipment may include (but is not limited to) computers, fax
machines, printers, photo-copy machines, office equipment, vending machines, kitchen
equipment, computer network equipment, security system equipment, motorized gates,
general maintenance equipment, vehicle maintenance equipment, battery chargers, and
military equipment.
IN
3-10.3.2.13 Clean Power. The use of this term is as defined in the Army Reserve IT
Manual.
3-10.3.2.14 Workstations. Provide each stand-alone, non-system furniture workstation
with an adjacent duplex receptacle (in addition to the general purpose receptacles
required by paragraphs above) connected to a Clean Power circuit.
3-10.3.2.15 Provide each stand-alone, system furniture workstation with an adjacent
double duplex receptacle (in addition to the general purpose receptacles required by
paragraphs above) connected to a Clean Power circuit.
3-10.3.2.16 Provide each group of six (6) (or fraction thereof) modular, system
furniture workstations with a Clean Power multi-wire branch circuit.
3-10.3.2.17 Provide duplex receptacles in adjustable, multi-service floor outlets or
multi-service fire-rated poke-throughs for Unit Commons area worktables, counters, or
cabinets that are not against fixed walls or columns.
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3-10.3.2.18 Provide power through adjustable, multi-service floor outlets or multiservice fire-rated poke-throughs for Unit Commons system furniture that are not against
fixed walls or columns. /3/
3-10.3.3 Interior Lighting
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3-10.3.3.1 The lighting system should consist of 2 ft x 4 ft (600 mm by 1,200 mm)
lensed lay-in fluorescent light fixtures in offices, classrooms, corridors, toilets and
general areas. All mechanical and small storage rooms should be provided with
fluorescent strip lighting. All fluorescent light fixtures should be provided with energy
saver lamps and ballasts. \3\ Lighting levels for the individual areas shall conform to
those indicated in Chapter 4 and IES recommendations. Specified light levels shall not
be reduced by more than 10% to meet EPAct requirements. Individual offices may be
provided with a single light fixture, centered over the work surfaces, providing an
average-to-minimum uniformity ratio that shall not exceed 10-to-1. The average-tominimum uniformity ratio shall not exceed 5-to-1 in multiple occupant office spaces. The
light fixtures to be used for each functional area are scheduled in Attachment E of this
Statement of Work. The fixtures scheduled represent the minimum quality and type for
each functional area. Additional types of fixtures and fixtures of higher quality may be
required as necessary to meet the design intent and to accommodate specific user
needs./3/
3-10.3.3.2 Emergency lighting should be provided per NFPA 101 utilizing either
battery emergency lighting fixtures or emergency battery backup ballasts in the
fluorescent fixtures. Exit lights with battery backup should be used. All emergency and
exit lights should be connected to the room lighting circuit, ahead of any local switching.
An emergency lighting fixture should be installed in all mechanical rooms.
3-10.3.3.3 Lighting foot-candle levels for the individual areas should conform to
levels as indicated in Chapter 4.
IN
3-10.3.3.4 In calculating foot-candle levels in the office areas, the following criteria for
surface reflectance should be used. A maintenance factor of .7 should be used in the
calculations. Floors: 20% Ceilings: 80% Walls: 50%
3-10.3.3.5
space.
Provide lighting fixtures with appropriate lamps for the function of the
3.10.3.3.6 Provide light switches in lobby areas, utility/equipment spaces, and special
function rooms. Provide dual level switching in conference rooms and classrooms.
3.10.3.3.7 Provide a wall or ceiling mounted combination light switch and passive
infrared motion sensor for light control in private offices. Ceiling-mounted motion
sensors shall be considered for large rooms.
3-10.3.3.8 Provide ceiling-mounted ultrasonic motion sensors for light control in open
office areas, corridors, toilets, locker rooms, storage rooms and physical fitness rooms.
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Lighting in unit storage cages should be switched at the end of each row of cages,
rather than within each cage.
3-10.3.3.9 Consider an automatic dimming system utilizing dimming ballasts in
fixtures at spaces or portions of spaces where significant daylighting can reduce artificial
lighting requirements; consider spaces such as lobbies, unit commons, unit storage,
corridors, and assembly hall when daylighting is provided.
3-10.3.3.10 Light switches should be 20 amp, 120/277 volt AC, specification grade.
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3-10.3.3.11 \3\ A security light outside the arms vaults shall be provided. This light
shall be wired ahead of any switches, be vandal-proof, and shall be equipped with a
back-up power source./3/
3-10.3.4 Special Requirements
3-10.3.4.1 Verify geotechnical report for soil resistivity and provide cathodic
protection or wrapping of ferrous metals as required.
3-10.3.4.2 \3\ Provide a UL Master Label lightning protection system if the
calculations indicate that the facility lightning risk index Nd > Nc based on NFPA 780.
Coordinate lightning protection and grounding with information systems requirements./3/
3-10.3.4.3 Power connections to any SCIF room should be provided from a
disconnect switch connected ahead of the main switch.
3-10.3.4.4 Consider providing power for video projector and including public address
system with a microphone in any large conference room.
IN
3-10.3.4.5 \3\ Provide multi-outlet raceway above workbenches with receptacles 12
inches on center in photo lab, IT work room, armorers’ room, weapons repair, and
electrical/communication repair rooms. Provide a Clean Power circuit for each multioutlet raceway./3/
3-10.3.4.6
Provide a minimum of 4 receptacles in reproduction rooms.
3-10.3.4.7 Provide receptacles for vending machines, faxes, printers, copy machines
and special office equipment. Verify whether Tenants have any equipment with special
electrical requirements
3-10.3.4.8 Provide intrusion detection system (IDS) in arms vaults and AGCCS.
Provide power supply for the IDS controller. \2\ If on-post, transmit alarm signal to
Provost Marshals Office. If off-post transmit alarm signal to Fort McCoy./2/\3\
3-10.3.4.8.1 Electronic Security Systems. There are two (2) separate security systems
for this project, a Government-furnished Intrusion Detection System (IDS) and a
Contractor-provided Entry Control System (ECS).
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3-10.3.4.8.2 IDS: Provide empty conduit system in arms vaults. Provide backboxes
and conduit for sensors, switches, controllers, and alarms as required. Provide conduit
for exterior alarm bell. Provide continuous rigid conduit from IDS controller to NOC or
telephone room as required. Provide power supply for the Government-furnished IDS
controller. Coordinate locations and requirements with the using agency. Locate alarm
control junction box outside caged area, but within vault. The IDS is furnished and
installed by the Government.
3-10.3.4.8.3 ECS: Provide an Entry Control System (ECS). This is a complete system,
Common Access Card (CAC) compatible and compliant, provided by the Contractor
with the following major components:
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3-10.3.4.8.4 Microprocessor Control. Provide central station equipment including a
digital computer with the necessary memory, power supply, clock, parts, keyboard,
mouse, disk storage, modem, CD-ROM drive, report printer, UPS, and software to
control, operate, and annunciate the system.
3-10.3.4.8.5 Entry Control Local Processor. Provide local entry control processing
hardware, software devices, and wiring to communicate between the central station
equipment and entry control devices such as card readers, door contact switches, and
electric door strikes.
3-10.3.4.8.6 Card Readers. CAC compatible and compliant card readers at selected
exterior doors. 3-10.3.4.8.7 Provide CAC compatible and compliant card readers and associated
equipment for entry control at the following doors: loading dock man door and
maintenance.
3-10.3.4.8.8 Door Contact Switches. Provide Door Contact Switches at all exterior
doors.
IN
3-10.3.4.8.9 Electric Door Strikes. Coordinate with door hardware. Provide power and
control wiring as required to support the selected entry control scheme. Provide
interconnection with the fire alarm as required to allow unrestricted egress when the Fire
Alarm system is in alarm.
3-10.3.4.8.10 Provide hardware, software, wiring, devices, control interfaces and testing
as required for a complete system acceptable to the Government./3/
3-10.3.4.9 \3\ Receptacles located in hazardous areas besides the Workbays shall be
mounted at 18 inches above finished floor. As stated in 4-3.9.11, receptacles in
Workbays are to be mounted at 48 inches above finished floor. All adjoining spaces
must be designed to meet NFPA 70 Article 511 or designed to be non-rated./3/
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3-10.4
Communications
3-10.4.1 \3\/3/\3\ Provide a minimum of two (2) data outlets in each private office. Mount outlets at 15 inches above finished floor./3/
3-10.4.2 \3\/3/\3\ Provide data services through adjustable multiple service floor boxes
or fire-rated poke-throughs for telephone outlets in Unit Commons area systems
furniture that are not against fixed walls or columns./3/
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3-10.4.3 \3\/3/\3\ Provide data outlets in adjustable, multi-service floor boxes or multiservice fire-rated poke-throughs in the Unit Commons area for worktables (one outlet
per four (4) seating positions (or fraction thereof)), counters, or cabinets that are not
against fixed walls or columns. /3/
3-10.4.4 \3\/3/\3\ Provide the following CATV outlets: two (2) in Assembly Hall, two (2)
in each Classroom, and one (1) in the Library Reading Room. Outlets shall be prewired in accordance with the Army Reserve IT Manual and local cable TV company
requirements./3/
3-10.4.5 \3\/3/
3-10.4.6 \3\ Public Address (PA) Systems. Provide the PA system required by
individual space criteria paragraphs for the Assembly Hall, with two-channel high-fidelity
stereo components including AM/FM radio and compact disc music sources, separate
mixer/pre-amp and power amplifier, desk and floor stand microphones, speaker
switching panel, and roof-mounted AM/FM antenna. Mount components in an enclosed
rack in the Chair Storage Room. This system shall be muted by activation of the Fire
Alarm and Mass Notification System./3/
3-10.4.6.1
\3\/3/
IN
3-10.4.7 Provide a telephone or similar annunciation/bell system at the main entrance,
and other entrances as practical. Training centers have no receptionist, and are
frequently locked during business hours; visitors will need a way to contact someone
within the building.
3-11SPECIFICATIONS
3-11.1
Unified Facilities Guide Specifications (UFGS)
3-11.1.1 The Using Service typically requires that USAR projects utilize UFGS. UFGS
is a standardized specification system (somewhat like MasterSpec and other master
systems) and is regularly updated by DoD. It is available at no cost.
3-11.1.2 UFGS is a performance-based specification system, rather than a productsbased system; references to manufacturers are discouraged in most cases. It is
intended to identify salient features and requirements, and to permit any manufacturer
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or vendor to provide materials or products which comply with those requirements in
accordance with Government mandates for nonrestrictive solicitation.
3-11.1.3 Some COE Districts and their clients provide versions of UFGS specifically
tailored for their needs; USAR is one of these. In most cases the tailored versions do
not include all specification sections. The following UFGS versions may be required for
a complete USAR project specification (links to all of these can be found at
www.lrl.usace.army.mil/ed/default.asp).
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3-11.1.3.1UFGS is the base document from which all versions are adapted, and
includes almost all specifications which will be required for a complete specification. It
will be the source for sections not included in the USAR-tailored version, and may be
obtained at www.wbdg.org/ccb/browse_org.php?o=70.
3-11.1.3.2UFGS Army Reserve Support Guide Specifications (RST) are the UFGS
Sections modified and edited to reflect minimum standards of quality for USAR projects.
They may also contain references to manufacturers and model numbers, as well as
additional technical and quality assurance features. These are the preferred
specification sections for use on USAR projects and may be downloaded from
www.lrl.usace.army.mil/ed/default.asp.
3-11.1.3.3Some COE Districts also have UFGS versions tailored to their preferences
and experience, such the CEGS Louisville District Guide Specifications (LRL). These
may be preferred for non-RST Sections by the Districts that maintain them. They may
be requested from the appropriate district. For Louisville District, see
www.lrl.usace.army.mil/ed/default.asp.
3-11.1.3.4Occasionally a project may require a specification section not provided by
UFGS. In such cases the designer may use commercial or in-house specifications.
3-11.2
SpecsIntact
IN
3-11.2.1 The Using Service generally requires that USAR specifications be prepared
using SpecsIntact software. SpecsIntact is free software and can be downloaded at
www.wbdg.org/ccb/browse_org.php?o=70.
3-11.2.2 SpecsIntact (Specifications-Kept-Intact) is an automated system for preparing
standardized facility construction specifications used worldwide by NASA, the
U.S. Naval Facilities Engineering Command (NAVFAC), and the U.S. Army Corps of
Engineers (USACE). Using the SpecsIntact software reduces the time and expense
required to produce facility technical specifications, and reduces costly construction
changes due to omissions, discrepancies or improper quality control. The system uses
Master Guide Specifications prepared by each of the three agencies. SpecsIntact
facilitates an interchange of construction specifications among Government agencies,
therefore eliminating the necessity for the user’s familiarity with multiple agency
specification systems.
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3-11.2.3 Users prepare specifications by editing the Master text in the SpecsIntact
Editor, which employs an application of the Standard Generalized Markup Language
(SGML). SGML is an international standard that provides a mechanism for defining and
tagging elements of information within the documents. It is this SGML tagging system
that allows the software to produce quality assurance reports and other automated
features to reduce the time required to complete project specifications. The quality
assurance reports verify the accuracy of technical references, submittal requirements,
test and other requirements. It allows the user to turn on or off the view capability for
tags, notes, metric units, English units, and revisions, and generates a Table of
Contents for projects and sections.
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3-11.2.4 When setting up SpecsIntact for the first time, all specifications will go into
subdirectories called MASTERS directories. If using base UFGS, RST and district spec
sections, three of these directories will be required (i.e.,UFGS, RST and LRL for
Louisville District). The specification writers will “pull” the necessary specification
sections out of these three MASTERS directories into a project JOBS directory where
they will be edited for the project.
3-11.2.5 The project shop drawing submittal register should also be prepared using
SpecsIntact.
3-12
COST ESTIMATING
3-12.1 The USAR typically requires a cost estimate prepared using the Military
Computer Aided Cost Estimating System (M-CACES). There are several versions of this
software; the designer should verify with the Using Service whether a particular version
is required. The USAR Design Process and Submittal Requirements has an excellent
description of the desired scope of the estimate. A brief summary follows.
IN
3-12.2 The estimate will be prepared as a Type K estimate when the national labor
rates database is used. The estimate will be prepared as a Type A estimate when a site
specific labor rates database is used. The estimate will be organized in the Work
Breakdown Structure (WBS) established during the estimate creation process.
3-12.3 The estimate will be current, complete and accurate, reflecting the information
contained in the design documents of the associated submittal. The level of detail
contained in the estimate will be consistent with the level of detail contained in the other
elements of the submittal. Square meter (SM) pricing and lump sum (LS) allowances
may be used to price elements without sufficient design to warrant more detailed pricing
methods.
3-12.4 Project escalation from the date of the estimate to the midpoint of construction
shall be expressed as an Owner Cost applied to the project at the highest appropriate
title level. Projects having more than one phase may require separate escalation values.
The effective date of project supporting databases (Unit Prices, Labor and Equipment)
may not reflect current pricing information for the project area. The Adjust Pricing
feature of MCACES may be used to bring the project supporting databases to the
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current date and project area. Cost Escalation Tables and Area Cost Factor Tables will
be provided by the Government to determine the applicable adjustment factors.
3-12.5 Design contingency may be applied at early design stages, depending on the
amount of design anticipated outside standard criteria. See specific design submittal
requirements for applicable percentages. When used, assign this contingency as either
an Owner Cost before Escalation or a Prime Contractor Indirect Cost after Bond, as the
estimating software allows. DD Form 1391 typically provides a construction cost
contingency: 5% for new construction and 10% for add/alter projects. No other
contingencies are allowed.
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3-12.6 For requirements on separation of MCAR and OMAR funding in cost
estimates, see Section 1-10 of this Guide.
3-13ENERGY CONSERVATION
3-13.1 Energy conservation through building design has received a great deal of
attention in recent times. Tremendous potential exists for trimming energy consumption
and operating costs in both new and existing buildings. As such, it is the most current
directive for energy management. Additional energy conservation measures are
incorporated in “Sustainable Design Guidelines”, applicable to USAR projects. See
Section 2-2.2., and below. UFC 3-400-01 applies to all new and renovated facility design
3-13.1.1 Site Related Buildings located to utilize winter sun, prevailing winds, and
natural land forms. Landscaping and planting to shade the building from summer sun
and to block winter winds. East/west orientation of long axis of buildings.
IN
3-13.1.2 Building Envelope
Figure 3-13
New or replacement insulation: thicknesses,
USARC, Arden
insulating values, insulation placement, and
Hills, Minnesota
vapor barriers.
Energy efficient windows: reduced glass area,
the number of panes, light transmission and
reflectivity, type of window construction,
window placement, double/triple glazed
windows, etc. Protection of windows from
direct summer sun: overhangs, shades,
blinds, solar films, tinted glass, solar screens
and plantings.
Weather stripping and caulking to reduce infiltration.
Entrance vestibules.
Building shapes or frames with low exterior surface to volume ratio.
Maximize advantage of winter solar heat gain and natural daylight.
Earth contact design, such as full or partial wall berms or underground
structures.
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3-13.1.3 Distribution System
Pipe and duct insulation.
New or replacement steam traps.
Adjustable flow rates on fans and pumps to carefully match load.
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3-13.1.4 HVAC Equipment
System zones based on the Tenant profile of the building.
High-efficiency boilers, furnaces and unit heaters.
Multiple boilers for better part load efficiencies.
Waste heat recovery devices.
High-efficiency air conditioning equipment.
Time clocks and setback thermostats.
Low leakage dampers.
Economizers.
High-efficiency filters to reduce ventilation and power usage.
Tempered air to exhaust hoods.
Computer-based energy management systems.
3-13.1.5 Domestic Hot Water
Insulated water heaters and storage tanks.
Water conserving fixtures.
Time clocks on water heaters.
Waste heat recovery for water heating.
Separate water heaters for kitchen and toilets.
IN
3-13.1.6 Lighting
Decreased light levels in noncritical areas.
High-efficiency lamps and ballasts.
More efficient fixtures, and better lenses.
Task lighting.
Switching to allow for more individual control in unoccupied areas or
naturally lit areas.
High-efficiency exterior lighting with time clock or photocell control.
Daylighting where possible in conjunction with light fixtures with dimming
ballasts.
3-14
ANTITERRORISM FORCE PROTECTION
3-14.1 USAR-specific AT/FP criteria, applicable to the AT/FP criteria document,
defines the assembly hall or an auditorium as a “primary gathering structure or area,”
where more than 50 people gather in one space. \3\ ACSIM-ODR has issued some
implementation guidance for UFC 4-101-01 providing specific direction regarding AT/FP,
this memorandum is posted on the Army Reserve Customers Website (www.lrl.usace.
army.mil/ed2/default.asp?mycategory=212). All portions of the Training Center are
considered Primary Gathering Spaces. Other Buildings will be classified dependent on
their occupancy. Special consideration should be paid to the occupancy of the
workbays in the OMS and AMSA, if the density is greater than one person per 400 sf
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(37 sq m) the occupancy of the space must be counted. /3/
\3 /3/
3-14.2 The AT/FP criteria require a minimum standoff distance from property lines to
inhabited structures, and to primary gathering structures. Uncontrolled parking and
roadways also require minimum setbacks from primary gathering areas, and from
inhabited structures or areas.
\3 /3/
3-15
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3-14.3 Trash containers must be kept a minimum distance from inhabited structures,
and from primary gathering areas as illustrated in UFC 4-010-01. This includes trash
containers serving the kitchen area; they must be a minimum distance from the
assembly hall.
ACCESSIBILITY
3-15.1 All building entrances and POV areas should be accessible to accommodate
visitors and civilian employees.
3-15.2
Provide accessible parking spaces in accordance with ADAAG and UFAS.
3-16ENVIRONMENTAL
3-16.1
Non‑contaminated Site Issues
3-16.1.1 Wetlands
3-16.1.1.1
The site topographic survey should include
delineation and survey the limits of wetlands identified on the
site, if any. The first consideration is to avoid wetland areas and
to direct on-site drainage to storm water treatment or storage
ponds prior to discharge into wetlands. In addition to meeting
Federal regulations regarding wetlands, it is recommended that
designer coordinate with State and local agencies with water
resource/wetland jurisdiction. The RSC and COE District Office
should be consulted for points of contact with such agencies.
IN
Figure 3-14
USARC, Arden
Hills, Minnesota
3-16.1.1.2 If the area of wetlands impacted is over the regulatory maximum, wetland
mitigation will be accomplished according to the standards of the local or state water
resources agency. The site size may not have sufficient area to accommodate wetland
mitigation. Off-site mitigation or purchase of wetland mitigation credits from established
wetland mitigation banks may be required, but should be avoided if possible due to
associated costs and complications of off-site work.
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3-16.1.2 Noise and Air.
3-16.1.2.1 Any noise and air impacts identified from the Environmental Assessment
which require mitigation or permitting will be incorporated into the design. Typical
emissions from a site might include boilers and other equipment that emit heat, fumes
or particles.
3-16.1.2.2 Typically, site locations are in areas which permit commercial or industrial
type uses with corresponding noise and air quality standards. The general layout of the
site should consider locating areas of concentrated vehicle operations and associated
noise away from neighboring properties for which noise may be an issue.
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3-16.1.3 Traffic Safety
3-16.1.3.1 As outlined in Section 3-2, coordination with local roadway agencies and
implementation of DOT recommended roadway geometrics will accommodate a majority
of the site traffic safety needs. The roadway agency may dictate control devices such as
stop signs and other roadway design features at access points.
3-16.1.3.2 If the size of the site and its interior site traffic circulation is substantial,
consider designing traffic control signs such as stop signs, pedestrian crossing warning
signs, pavement markings, directional signs, information signs, and speed limits to
provide safe traffic control and eliminate confusing traffic patterns on the site.
3-16.1.4 Groundwater
IN
3-16.1.4.1 Groundwater is not a substantial issue on most sites; however, some sites
may have shallow groundwater tables which may affect the methodology of
construction, and require measures such as temporary dewatering to install items such
as deep utilities and foundations. The contractor will be required to obtain the necessary
state and local permits for dewatering operations and to control its appropriation and
discharge. Items such as French drains or infiltration wells should not be used.
3-16.1.4.2 Other site uses such as wash racks and refueling points, which may
introduce contaminants to the groundwater, must be controlled to contain potential
releases of contaminants, and the design must address the control measures.
3-16.1.4.3 If the site is near a municipal well, wellhead protection provisions may be
in effect. The utility or well owner will be contacted regarding these provisions. Wellhead
protection provisions may also be required by state rules in some locations.
3-16.1.5 Water Quality
3-16.1.5.1 Surface water runoff quality is addressed in Section 3-2.1 above. Facilities
which could affect the quality of runoff water, such as wash racks and fueling stations,
will be connected to a local sanitary sewer through on-site oil/water separators and/or
mechanical water/contaminant separators.
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3-16.1.5.2 Exterior connected drains to sanitary sewers shall be under roofed areas
or contain valves to control discharge into the sewer. Containment areas may also be
provided for contaminants which may affect surface or groundwater quality to provide
for its control prior to being safely collected and removed and disposed of by hazardous
material teams or contractors.
3-16.1.6. Temporary Construction Impacts
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3-16.1.6.1 Temporary erosion and sediment control requirements are addressed in
Section 3-2.1.3 above. Other requirements may include use of flagpersons and/or
special control signs during site construction, for access to the site and on-site routing of
construction traffic.
3-16.1.6.2 Fugitive dust from construction shall be controlled by use of application of
water or dust retardant chemicals to earthwork areas. Air omissions and noise due to
construction are recognized as temporary environmental impacts and generally do not
require mitigation or special permits other than the normal licenses or permits required
by construction contractors.
3-16.1.7 It is not unusual for USAR sites to harbor protected wildlife. The design will
address any measures identified in the project environmental documentation.
3-16.1.8 Areas with natural vegetation should be preserved to the extent possible.
3-16.2
Contaminated Site Issues
3-16.2.1 Asbestos/Lead/PCBs
IN
3-16.2.1.1 New construction will not incorporate materials which contain asbestos,
lead or PCBs, or will only incorporate them in environmentally acceptable forms.
Designs for existing facility alterations will normally include mitigation provisions.
Mitigation design is typically based on previously accomplished environmental
assessments, and feasibility and mitigation studies, but occasionally may require the
designer to perform environmental investigations.
3-16.2.1.2 Mitigation design will comply Federal, state and local rules and
regulations, and will normally be completed with regulatory closure approval prior to
other construction. The construction contractor should be made liable for control and
use of potentially contaminating materials used in their operations.
3-16.2.2 Petroleum Products
3-16.2.2.1 Any environmental studies conducted prior to development should identify
whether there are on-site petroleum contamination issues. If petroleum contamination
consists of surface spills or shallow concentrated areas, the areas are normally
mitigated by removal and disposal of the fuel and any adjacent contaminated soil.
Underground tanks should be removed and contaminated soils disposed of, with
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regulatory closure prior to construction on the site.
3-16.2.2.2 Certain Government sites, usually on existing Government installations,
may be included in a larger zone of petroleum contamination. In such cases, the
Government may make a determination that the site is developable even with the
presence of petroleum contamination. Site design should address possible vapor
emissions and accommodate any existing monitoring wells, extraction wells or treatment
facilities. Contractors will be required to have approved health and safety operating
plans in place prior to commencing work on the site.
3-16.2.3 Munitions
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3-16.2.3.1 Some Government sites will have had munitions storage, training,
manufacturing, or handling facilities. In such cases, the site should be cleared of all
munitions by Government ordinance disposal teams or contractors.
3-16.2.3.2 Soil and groundwater sampling programs should identify any
contamination issues from munitions, chemicals or related materials. The site should be
cleared of munitions and related contamination, and have regulatory closure prior to
construction on the site.
IN
3-16.2.4 Identification of ongoing site contamination due to off-site actions beyond
control of the Government will be identified and measures to address the contamination
developed.
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CHAPTER 4
INDIVIDUAL SPACE CRITERIA
4-1
GENERAL
4-1.1
The individual space design criteria and information in this Chapter reflects
typical guidance on usage and code compliance; the Design Agency should verify that it
meets the Tenants’ needs and complies with the specific code and other requirements
of their project.
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4-1.2
This Chapter delineates the functional and environmental requirements for
most individual spaces within the training center and maintenance buildings. Not all
projects include all of the spaces, nor are all of the possible types of spaces included in
this Design Guide. Specific information regarding the types and sizes of spaces
authorized are determined by the project documents. The Using Service will supplement
the information herein at the initial design conference; \3\ within the control of the
ACSIM-ODR Project Officer./3/
4-1.3
The space sizes noted below reflect current USAR authorizations for the
spaces. The Using Service will provide the actual authorized area for each space in the
project documents, and where there are differences between the areas in this Guide
and the project documents, the project documents govern. Since the Government
building authorization includes an allowance for structure, these are assumed to be net
space authorizations. The Design Agency should endeavor to match the design to the
authorized spaces, but it is acceptable for actual area of any space to vary from the
authorization by plus or minus 10%, except for the assembly hall, which cannot be
larger than authorized.
IN
4-1.4
The spaces listed in this Chapter are those common to most USAR units and
facilities. There are additional spaces which are authorized only for certain types of
Reserve Units. Information on the spaces, and their authorized area, can be found in
AR 140-483.
4-1.5
Occasionally, the Tenants will identify what they believe is a requirement for a
space or function that is not in the project authorization documents. When such a
requirement is approved by the Using Service, the space to accommodate must come
“out of hide;” the Design Agency must borrow the necessary space from other spaces.
One example of such a space is a photo identification room for making facility or
installation identification cards for the Tenants and their dependents.
4-1.6
below.
All locksets should be mortise-type; functions are shown by specific space
4-1.7
\2\ Specify one individual trash receptacle for each private, shared and unit
common workstations. Specify large trash receptacles with lids for assembly hall, break
rooms, classrooms, library, physical readiness training and showers. Large trash
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receptacles size base on room occupancy. /2/
4-1.8
All equipment indicated for spaces below is part of the design and
construction, unless noted as provided by Government or Tenants.
4-2TRAINING CENTER BUILDING
4-2.1
Full-time Offices
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4-2.1.1 Full-time offices are used by permanent USAR staff for the daily
administration tasks associated with the unit’s mission and the operation of the facilities.
The full-time staff typically works 8‑hour days from Monday to Friday, and they are the
major building Tenants during the week. Design of these spaces will be similar to a
typical business office. \3\ Only certain grades and staff positions are authorized private
office space. ACSIM-ODR may authorize additional offices if it will enhance the unit
mission accomplishment./3/
4-2.1.2 Full-time offices may be designed for a single occupant or for multiple
occupants, based on Tenant requirements and functional efficiency. Avoid room
arrangements that have the occupants’ back to the door. In some cases, the Design
Agency may wish to recommend combining some full‑time offices for reasons of design
efficiency or flexibility.
4-2.1.3 \2\ Provide one each single quad power receptacle \3\ and one each voice/
data outlet/3/ at each desk location to accommodate potential for a variety of equipment
that may be utilized. On the “U” configured desk units, place \3\ these receptacles and
outlets centered/3/ at the bridge location and on the “L” configured desk units, place \3\
these receptacles and outlets centered/3/ at the return location./2/ \3 \On the “U”
configured desk units place a convenience power receptacle centered on the credenza.
Mount these receptacles 15 inches (300 mm) above the finish floor./3/
IN
4-2.1.4 \2\ General Officer and staff suite, O6 Commanding Officers and O6
Commanding Officer’s Command Sergeant Major offices shall be distinguished from
typical private offices with the use of traditional wood furniture./2/ \3\ Grade of wood
furniture is based on occupants rank, see the Army Reserve Customer’s webpage on
the USACE Louisville District’s web site for more information /3/
4-2.1.5
Space Design Information
General/Code
Size – 120 sf (11 sq m) each typical; larger for higher ranks; \3\ construct room
with no dimension below 9 ft - 6 in (2900 mm) to accommodate furniture/3/
Occupancy – business
Occupancy count – varies; 1 person per workstation
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – 8 ft - 8 in (2600 mm)
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Floor – carpet \2\ tile/2/; VCT as an alternative
Base – rubber
Walls – painted gypsum board
Ceiling – suspended acoustical ceiling tile (ACT)
Trim – coat rack mounted on the wall behind the door
Lockset – office
Mechanical
Heating, occupied – 68 degrees F (20 C); maintained – 55 degrees F (13 C)
Cooling, occupied – 7825 degrees F (25 C); maintained – ambient
Ventilation – comply with ASHRAE 62.1
Electrical
Lighting – 50 fc
Receptacles – convenience and \2\ computer quad power outlet as described in
4-2.1.3 /2/
Voice/data – two telephone/data outlets per desk unit/workstation
\1\ Furniture
Desk unit with box/box/file and file/file pedestals
Keyboard tray with mouse pad
Overheads with task light
Tackboard
\3\/3/ High-Back desk chair
Two guest chairs
Lateral files and/or bookcases
Contact Louisville District, Corps of Engineers for latest information on use of
wood furnishings
\3\ Specific layouts and components can be found on the Army Reserve
Customer’s webpage on the USACE Louisville District’s web site/3/
Equipment
Verify if additional equipment required in some offices
Special features or considerations /1/
Figure 4-3
Shared Office - B
Figure 4-2
Shared Office - A
IN
Figure 4-1
Single Office
4-2.2
Unit Exclusive Offices
4-2.2.1 Unit exclusive offices are used periodically by USAR supervisors for training,
training administration, and the operation of the units. The majority of the use will occur
on drill weekends.
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4-2.2.2 Space Design Information: Design of these spaces will be same as the fulltime offices above, and the same space design information applies.
4-2.3
Unit Commons
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4-2.3.1 Unit commons provide working areas and workstations for the USAR soldiers,
for training and administrative tasks. Use typically occurs on the soldiers’ drill weekends,
with different units and soldiers using the spaces on different weekends. \2\ Each unit
common workstation is authorized approximately 100 sq ft, which includes circulation,
common-use file cabinets and work areas./2/ Circulation from the allocation for the
building must be used to provide sufficient space for a functional unit common space.
Some of those who prepare project authorizations allow for this and shift space from
circulation to unit commons when preparing the space allocation worksheet.
Figure 4-4
4-2.3.2 \1\ Panel-based systems furniture workstations are
Unit Commons
typically used in open offices, although metal desk-based
furniture workstations may be used in small open offices often
included in OMS buildings. Workstations for open offices may be
configured for individual workstations, groups or clusters of
workstations, or a combination of individual and group
workstations. Additional counters or furniture may be required to
accommodate Tenants’ equipment, such as printers, coffee
Figure 4-5
makers, and similar items (these are not to be powered from the
Unit Commons
panel-based systems furniture or the metal desk-based furniture).
The Tenants should be asked to provide information on their other
equipment and space needs. Contact Louisville District, Corps of
Engineers for latest information on Unit Commons workstation
requirements./1/
IN
4-2.3.3 \3\ Provide power and telecommunication services
through adjustable, multi-service floor boxes or fire-rated poke
throughs for areas where system furniture is not against fixed
walls or columns. Floor boxes or fire-rated poke throughs should
be provided for worktables (one outlet per four seating positions
or fraction thereof), counters, or cabinets that are not against fixed
walls or columns. Designer should provide dimensioned drawings
with locations of floor boxes for power, data and phone./3/
4-2.3.4 In addition to the files provided in the workstations, the
Design Agency should try to provide sufficient space for commonuse file cabinets in most unit commons.
4-2.3.5
Space Design Information
General/Code
Size – 60 sf (5.6 sq m) each authorized unit common space, plus 15% of total
for circulation
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Occupancy – business
Occupancy count – varies; 1 person per workstation or seat
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – 8 ft - 8 in (2600 mm)
Floor – carpet \2\tile/2/
Base – rubber
Walls – painted gypsum board
Ceiling – suspended acoustical ceiling tile (ACT)
Trim – \2\ coat racks mounted on wall /2/
Lockset – office
Mechanical
Heating, occupied – 68 degrees F (20 C); maintained – 55 degrees F (13 C)
Cooling, occupied – 78 degrees F (25 C); maintained – ambient
Ventilation – comply with ASHRAE 62.1
Electrical
Lighting – 50 fc
Receptacles – convenience duplexes
\3\ Voice/data- two voice/data outlets per workstation, wall phone outlet for
common use areas, voice/data outlet for common area copiers, printers
and FAX machines./3/
\1\ Furniture
\3\ Panel Based Workstations - Specific layouts and components can be found
on the Army Reserve Customer’s webpage on the USACE Louisville
District’s web site
Each box/box/file pedestal at a workstation shall have a pencil tray and be
keyed differently/3/
Equipment
Verify if common-use printers, faxes, coffee makers, etc., will be provided by
Tenants. Cabinets with counters may be provided.
Special features or considerations
Consider sinks with goose neck faucets for coffee stations in larger commons
Dedicated 20A circuits for any large printers
Circulation space must come from facility circulation allowance \3\/3/
Some Tenants prefer to have team groupings of workstations, or a few
table/chair stations which can also function as meeting areas /1/
4-2.4
Recruiting/Retention Office
4-2.4.1 This space is for unit retention personnel and is used primarily for
administrative purposes. This space is also where potential members and re-enlistees
are interviewed. The retention office must be easy to locate, adjacent to the main
entrance, and adjacent to fulltime recruiting personnel. This space is shared by all
assigned units.
4-2.4.2 There will also be an office to accommodate two full-time recruiting personnel,
as part of the full-time office space authorization. It should be located adjacent to the
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recruiting/retention office. Glazed panels (door or sidelight) may be used to emphasize
public accessibility.
Figure 4-6
4-2.4.3
Recruiting /
Retention Office
Space Design Information
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General/Code
Size – 250 sf (23.25 sq m) each typical
Occupancy – business
Occupancy count – 1 to 4
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – 8 ft - 8 in (2600 mm)
Suspended acoustical ceiling tile. (ACT)
Walls - Painted gypsum board.
Floor – carpet \2\tile/2/
Base – rubber
Trim – \2\ coat rack mounted on the wall behind the
door/2/
Lockset – office
Mechanical
Heating, occupied – 68 degrees F (20 C); maintained – 55 degrees F (13 C)
Cooling, occupied – 25 degrees C (78 F); maintained – ambient
Ventilation – comply with ASHRAE 62.1
Electrical
Lighting – 50 fc
Receptacles – convenience and computer duplexes
Voice/data – telephone and data outlets
\1\ Furniture
Desk Units similar to full-time offices above with two (2) guest chairs each desk
unit
Lateral file for each desk unit
Bookcase
Freestanding literature rack \3\ /3/
Lounge chairs or table and chairs in a seating area as space allows
\3\ /3/
Equipment
Verify if printers, fax machines, coffee machines, etc., will be provided by
Tenants
Dedicated 20A circuit for any large printer
Special features or considerations
Space for Tenants’ literature racks may be required /1/
4-2.5
Family Support Office
4-2.5.1 This space is for the use of the Tenants’ family support groups, and for unit
members’ families when they are meeting with the family support groups. It should be
located near the main entry to be easily accessible to the visiting family members. The
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space authorization is typically 200 sf (18.6 sq m).
4-2.5.2 Consider providing a window or door sidelight into an adjacent lobby or
corridor but provide blinds to allow for privacy when needed.
4-2.5.3 Furniture should be coordinated with the Tenants, most prefer some
workspaces with visitor chairs, and a seating group around a coffee table. Consider a
small refrigerator for drinks for visiting family members.
4-2.5.4 Space Design Information: Design of these spaces should be similar to the
recruiting/retention offices above and the same space design information applies.
4-2.6.1
Administrative Support
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4-2.6
Mail Room
4-2.6.1.1 The mail room is the point for receipt and distribution of all interoffice and
intraoffice correspondence. This space will not be staffed full-time, but will provide a
mail screening, sorting and pickup area. \3\ For Reserve Centers on installations, the
mail room may need to be re-configured based on central mail screening facility and
processes./3/
Figure 4-7
Mail Room
4-2.6.1.2 The mail room should be enclosed and
equipped with a lockable door and should be designed to
maximize wall space. A vestibule for picking up mail is
required, rather than having mail slots open into the lobby
or corridor. A Postal Service approved mailbox unit is
provided; coordinate size and number of mail slots with
Tenants. Most Tenants prefer mail slots that will
accommodate \3\ 9 inch by 12 inch /3/ envelopes without
folding.
IN
4-2.6.1.3 \3\ The mail room authorization should be
divided into two spaces: a screening room and a sorting
room. A third adjacent space, the vestibule, counts as part
of the building’s circulation allowance. The screening room
is on an exterior wall, where mail/UPS is brought directly
into the building and checked for potential threats (e.g.,
letter bombs, corrosive materials, etc.). The screening
room should have floor-to-structure reinforced CMU walls./3/
4-2.6.1.4 \3\ Adjoining the screening room is the sorting room./3/ Mail sorting/handling
rooms will have gypsum board walls \3\ with metal mesh/3/ from floor to structure, and a
gypsum board ceiling to provide evidence of attempted entry.
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4-2.6.1.5 Space Design Information
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General/Code
Size – varies
Occupancy – business
Occupancy count – 1 person per 100 sf (9.3 sq m)
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – 8 ft - 0 in (2600 mm)
Floor – VCT \2\/2/
Base – rubber
Walls – painted gypsum board/ \2\ CMU/2/
Ceiling – suspended acoustical ceiling tile (ACT)
Trim – none
Lockset – office
Mechanical
Heating, occupied – 68 degrees F (20 C); maintained – 55 degrees F (13 C)
Cooling, occupied – 78 degrees F (25 C); maintained – ambient
Ventilation – comply with ASHRAE 62.1
\3\ HVAC system shall comply with UFC 4-010-01 and ductwork for other
systems should not pass through the mailroom, mailroom ductwork should
not pass through other spaces, segregate intake and exhaust as much as
practical given these constraints./3/
Electrical
Lighting – 50 fc; dual-level switching
Receptacles – convenience duplex, some at counter height
Voice/data – telephone and data outlets
\3\ Furniture
Table sized appropriately for the screen room
Medium trash bin/3/
Equipment
Verify if postage or other machines require power
Upper and lower cabinets with counters for work space and storage
Special features or considerations
\2\ Follow mailroom criteria listed in UFC 4-010-01 /2/
Some units locate a large copier in this space.
4-2.6.2
Reproduction
4-2.6.2.1 This space provides for the reproduction and collating of administrative
correspondence, bulletins, orders, and similar paperwork. The space may also house
hard copy printers connected to computers in the office space or to the LAN. Diazo or
blueprint reproduction is not typically included in this space.
4-2.6.2.2 The reproduction space should be located adjacent to the administration
space. The space must be large enough to accommodate the Tenants’ copiers, and
have table or counter space for collating and binding. Sufficient storage space should
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be provided for operating quantities of paper, toner, ink, office supplies, forms, etc. The
size of this area will be relative to the size of the unit and specific reproduction
requirements.
4-2.6.2.3 Space Design Information
Figure 4-8
Copy Room
IN
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General/Code
Size – varies
Occupancy – business
Occupancy count – 1 person per 100 sf (9.3 sq m)
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – 8 ft - 8 in (2600 mm)
Floor – VCT \2\/2/
Base – rubber
Walls – painted gypsum board
Ceiling – suspended acoustical ceiling tile (ACT)
Trim – none
Lockset – classroom
Cabinets with counters for work space and storage.
Mechanical
Heating, occupied – 68 degrees F (20 C); maintained – 55 degrees F (13 C)
Cooling, occupied – 78 degrees F (25 C); maintained – ambient
Ventilation – comply with ASHRAE 62.1
Electrical
Lighting – 50 fc
Receptacles – convenience duplexes
Voice/data – wall-mounted telephone
Furniture
Verify equipment by Tenants and power/data requirements
\3\ Medium Trash can /3/
Equipment
Cabinets with counters for work space and storage
Special features or considerations
Large copiers may require exhaust
\3\
Information Technology (IT) Spaces
4-2.7
4-2.7.1
IT Spaces - General Information
4-2.7.1.1 The Army Reserve IT spaces described below are the spaces in an Army
Reserve facility that are dedicated to housing telecommunication service and
distribution provisions for the facility, or to providing space solely for User data
processing and telecommunications operations. Almost all Army Reserve spaces have
some IT provisions to allow Users access to data or communications; the spaces
described below have data access and telecommunication as their primary purpose.
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4-2.7.1.2 Descriptions and requirements for most Army Reserve IT spaces are found
below. The information for IT spaces listed here are in addition to what is specified in the
Army Reserve IT Manual. It is intended to be space design specific and used by the
designer of the Army Reserve facility. Detailed floor plans for the Entrance Facility (EF)
Telecommunications Equipment Room (TER) and Telecommunications Room (TR) are
in the Army Reserve IT Manual. The Army Reserve IT Manual is available at www.lrl.
usace.army.mil/ed2/default.asp?mycategory=212.
4-2.7.1.3 The space sizes listed below are typical or minimum sizes for Army Reserve
facilities. Authorized areas for spaces for individual projects will be provided in the
project documentation, particularly in the 1391.
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4-2.7.1.4 The IT spaces described require a space allocation equal to approximately
1.1% of the net Training Center area (net area equals gross building area minus
structural, circulation, mechanical, toilets, and similar support areas). This 1.1%
allocation provides unoccupied space for operating and distribution of the IT system and
infrastructure. It is intended to provide sufficient space for EF, TR, TER and similar IT
operation and distribution spaces.
4-2.7.1.4.1 As of the date of this change, the 1.1% allocation has not been
incorporated into AR 140-483, Army Reserve Land and Facilities Management,
Appendix B, and so may not be reflected in the individual project 1391 at present. The
Army Reserve Project Officer must authorize deviations from the project 1391 for
compliance with this guide. If authorized by the Project Officer, the space will come from
1391 authorizations for Network Ops Center and Demarc; it’s likely some space may
come “out of hide.”
IN
4-2.7.1.5 The light levels called for in the TER and TR are minimum horizontal
illumination levels measured at the front and back faces of the IT racks. Closely
coordinate light fixture locations to avoid conflicts with IT racks and cable tray. Do not
block access to IT racks or cable tray and do not block light fixtures from providing the
required illumination levels.
4-2.7.1.6 Provide fire protection systems for the EF, TER, TR spaces. Coordinate the
location of the sprinkler heads in the rooms with the equipment in the rooms. Comply
with TIA-569-B fire Protection.
4-2.7.2
Entrance Facility (EF)
4-2.7.2.1 The purpose of this room is to isolate telecommunication service provider
equipment and provisions from the remainder of the facility telecommunications
infrastructure. Due to Government servers and other equipment in the TER, the EF is
required to be a separate space to maintain security of TER from service provider
personnel
4-2.7.2.2 This space is optimally located on the perimeter of the building, and on the
side of the building closest to utility connection point. Provide access to the space from
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inside the building; no windows are desired. Refer to Figure 3-2 in the Army Reserve IT
Manual for a typical EF plan view drawing.
4-2.7.2.3 Space Design Information
IN
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General/Code
Size –80 sf (7.5 sq m) typical
Occupancy – business
Occupancy count - unoccupied
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – 10 ft (3050 mm) minimum height to structure
Floor – static-dissipative VCT
Base – rubber
Walls – painted gyp board or painted CMU continuous to structure
Ceiling – none; painted structure
Trim – none
Lockset – storeroom or classroom
Mechanical
Heating –maintain 64º F (18º C)
Cooling – maintain 78º F (25º C) when active devices are present; otherwise
ambient
Ventilation – comply with ASHRAE 62.1
Electrical
Lighting – 50 fc (540 lux)
Receptacles – See Chapter 3
Voice/data – one telephone jack
\3\Furniture
No furniture required
Equipment
Refer to IT Manual for equipment requirements/3/
Special features or considerations
Fire-resistant plywood backboards on two adjacent walls
No special security requirements
Provide wire cages over sprinkler heads and drainage troughs below sprinkler
pipes
4-2.7.3
Telecommunications Equipment Room (TER)
4-2.7.3.1 This space is provided to house file and print servers, data switches and the
telephone switch. It will typically be located in the main building of a multi-building
facility, normally the Reserve Center building. It is the main telecommunications
distribution point for its building and the facility. 4-2.7.3.2 The TER may serve as the TR for the floor it occupies; larger buildings or
building configuration may require additional TRs on that floor.
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4-2.7.3.3 A central location is optimal for efficiency of cable distribution. Provide access
into the space from the interior of the building; the TER may not provide access to any
other spaces. Buffer the space from electrical and mechanical rooms and equipment, in
order to minimize the potential for signal interference and ductwork/cable tray conflicts.
No windows are desired. Refer to figure 3-3 in the Army Reserve IT Manual for typical
TER plan drawing.
4-2.7.3.4 Space Design Information
IN
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General/Code
Size – 120 sf (11.2 sq m) minimum; provide adequate space to accommodate
facility IT requirements
Occupancy – business
Occupancy count - unoccupied
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – 10 ft (3050 mm) minimum height to structure
Floor – static-dissipative VCT
Base – rubber
Walls – painted gyp board or painted
CMU, continuous to structure
Ceiling – none; painted structure
Trim – none
Lockset – storeroom or classroom
Mechanical
Heating – maintain 64º F (18º C)
Cooling – maintain 78ºF (25º C)
Ventilation – comply with ASHRAE 62.1
Humidity – maintain between 30 and 55 percent relative humidity
Electrical
Lighting – 50 fc (540 lux)
Receptacles – convenience duplexes - See Chapter 3 of the Army Reserve IT
Manual
Voice/data – one telephone jack
\3\ Furniture
Small 30 x 36 inch table with CPU sling/3/
Equipment
Four standard floor mounted 19” (480 mm) telecommunications racks, minimum
Any UPS required will be provided by USARC, not project
Special features or considerations
Fire-resistant plywood backboards on two adjacent walls for service punchdown and termination
No special security requirements
Provide wire cages over sprinkler heads and drainage troughs below sprinkler
pipes
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4-2.7.4
Telecommunications Room (TR)
4-2.7.4.1 These spaces serve as distribution points for workstation voice and data
cables, and other terminations.
4-2.7.4.2 Provide TRs as necessary to maintain compliance with EIA/TIA link
distribution length limit, at a minimum, and as building configuration dictates. One TR
per building floor is required, except in buildings with minimal telecommunications
provisions, such as Unheated Storage buildings. Unit Storage buildings with supply
offices require a TR. Refer to figures 3-4 and 3-5 in the Army Reserve IT Manual for
typical TR plan views and rack elevation drawings.
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4-2.7.4.3 A location near the center of the building is optimal for distribution, and TRs in
multi-story buildings will be stacked unless there is a strong reason not to do so. No
windows are desired. Buffer from electrical and mechanical rooms and equipment, in
order to minimize the potential for signal interference and ductwork/cable tray conflicts.
4-2.7.4.4 Space Design Information
IN
General/Code
Size – 80 sf (7.5 sq m) minimum; provide adequate space to accommodate
zone IT requirements
Occupancy – business
Occupancy count - unoccupied
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – 10 ft (3050 mm) minimum height to structure
Floor – static-dissipative VCT
Base – rubber
Walls – painted gyp board or painted CMU, continuous to structure
Ceiling – none
Trim – none
Lockset – storeroom or classroom
Mechanical
Heating –maintain 64º F (18º C)
Cooling – maintain 78º F (25º C)
Ventilation – comply with ASHRAE 62.1
Humidity – maintain between 30 and 55 percent relative humidity
Electrical
Lighting – 50 fc (540 lux)
Receptacles – convenience duplexes - See Chapter 3 of the Army Reserve IT
Manual
Voice/data – one telephone jack
Equipment
Two standard floor mounted 19” (480 mm) telecommunications racks,
minimum, for Reserve Center TRs - OMS, Storage and similar less ITintensive buildings may require only one rack per TR; provide as building
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telecommunication requirements dictate
Special features or considerations
Fire-resistant plywood backboards on two adjacent walls for service punchdown and termination
No special security requirements
Provide wire cages over sprinkler heads and drainage troughs below sprinkler
pipes
4-2.7.5
IT Work Space
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4-2.7.5.1 This room is provided only for General Officer command facilities. It is
intended to provide space for set-up, testing and repair of IT equipment. It is not
intended to provide IT storage space, which can be accommodated in Unit Storage.
4-2.7.5.2 The room is best located adjacent to G6 administrative space, but as a
separate, lockable room.
4-2.7.5.3 Space Design Information
Figure 4-9
IT Work Space
IN
Figure 2-4
IT Work Space
General/Code
Size – 100 sf (9.3 sq m)
Occupancy – business
Occupancy count – one person
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – 8 ft - 8 in (2600 mm) minimum
Floor – static-dissipative VCT
Base – rubber
Walls – painted gyp board or painted CMU
Ceiling – suspended acoustical ceiling tile
Trim – none
Lockset – storeroom
Mechanical
Heating – occupied maintain 68º F (20º C): unoccupied maintain 55º F (13º C)
Cooling – maintain 78º F (25º C)
Ventilation – comply with ASHRAE 62.1
Humidity – maintain between 30 and 55 percent relative humidity
Electrical
Lighting – 50 fc (540 lux)
Receptacles – See Chapter 3
Voice/data – one telephone jack, and continuous metal raceway extending the
full length of the work surface with data outlets at 6 inches on center
Furniture
Static dissipative workbench with shelf
Stool with woven upholstery
Lockable storage cabinet
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4-2.8
Equipment
Special features or considerations
/3/
Lobby
4-2.8.1 The lobby provides an entryway and reception area for unit personnel and
visitors. It is one of the first images observed by visitors, and should reflect feelings of
pride and commitment characteristic of the Army Reserve.
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4-2.8.2 As the primary public entrance to the training center building, the entry must
be readily identifiable from the parking lot and pedestrian access routes. The entrance
should have an adequate exterior overhang or vestibule, and the design should provide
an ordered, warm, friendly invitation to the public.
4-2.8.3 The lobby must be adjacent to a permanently staffed office since there is no
receptionist, and must accommodate circulation, traffic patterns and waiting space.
Graphic displays, such as Minuteman and units’ plaques, trophies and awards, should
be placed in a visually prominent location.
Space Design Information
Figure 4-10
Lobby
General/Code
Size – 480 sf (44.6 sq m); may augment from
circulation space
Occupancy – business; may be assembly if associated
with assembly hall
Occupancy count – 1 person per 100 sf (9.3 sq m);
more if considered assembly waiting space
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – 9 ft (2750 mm) minimum
Floor – \2\ porcelain paver/2/
Base – \2\ porcelain paver/2/
Walls – painted gypsum board
Ceiling – gypsum board; suspended ACT as an alternative
Trim – guardrail and wall or corner guards to protect walls
Lockset – panic hardware; locksets are Tenant preference
Mechanical
Heating, occupied – 68 degrees F (20 C); maintained – 55 degrees F (13 C)
\3\ Cooling, occupied – 78 degrees F (25 C); maintained – ambient /3/
Ventilation – comply with ASHRAE 62.1
Electrical
Lighting – 20 fc
Receptacles – convenience duplexes
Voice/data – pay phones
\1\ Furniture
Lounge / sofa chairs \3\ /3/
IN
4-2.8.4
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4-2.9
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Wood occasional tables
Freestanding literature rack \3\ /3/
Equipment
\3\ Built-in Trophy and display cases/3/
Special features or considerations
Verify if Tenants require card readers, door security, CCTV, etc.
Special lighting for displays
Building directory
Finishes in this space may be upgraded for image reasons
Exterior building finishes may be incorporated into the area to provide a
transition into the building
USAR does not want wall vinyl due to difficulty of repair
Concealed sprinkler heads for esthetics/1/
Assembly Hall
4-2.9.1 The assembly hall provides space for troop formations, maintenance of
equipment, personnel assemblies, food service seating and large group assemblies for
instructional training. It is a multipurpose space which will be used for any large indoor
events associated with the facility. \3\ The Assembly Hall shall be an open space with no
internal columns or supports./3/
IN
4-2.9.2 Tenants occasionally request that the assembly hall be divided with operable
panel partitions to enable its use as additional classrooms or a conference center; this
requires Using Service approval. In this configuration, an adjacency to the other
classrooms should be considered.
Figure 4-11
Assembly Hall and Kitchen
4-2.9.3 Tenants also occasionally request an overhead door to allow vehicle entry for
loading for maneuvers; this was typical in older armories, but is discouraged now. If
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approved by the Using Service, the assembly hall finishes should be downgraded to
reflect this more utilitarian function and \3\ mechanical system will need to address
vehicle exhaust./3/
Space Design Information \3\ Figure Change /3/
General/Code
Size – varies
Occupancy – assembly
Occupancy count – varies; typically less intensive use assembly space
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – 14 ft (4300 mm)
Floor – VCT; concrete with sealer or paint if truck access
Base – rubber
Walls – painted gypsum board; painted CMU if truck access
Ceiling – suspended acoustical ceiling tile (ACT); none if truck access
Trim – \2\ none/2/
Lockset – panic hardware
Mechanical
Heating, occupied – 68 degrees F (20 C); maintained – 55 degrees F (13 C)
Cooling, occupied – 78 degrees F (25 C); maintained – ambient
Ventilation – comply with ASHRAE 62.1
Electrical
Lighting – 50 fc; dual-level switching
Receptacles – convenience receptacles
Voice/data – two voice/data outlets per wall
\1\ Furniture
\3\ Fold-up, mobile, cafeteria tables with stackable chairs with chair dollies
Folding tables and table dolly with additional stackable chairs and chair dolly for
registration, banquet table etc/3/
Mobile floor lectern
Adjustable stool with or without arms
Equipment
Public address system with speakers and microphone outlets – contractorsupplied
Ordinary hazard sprinklers
Marker boards and projection screens may be added if Tenants desire
Special features or considerations
Typically must be separated from adjacent spaces with rated wall.
If the ceiling is not suspended acoustical tile, the acoustics of the room must be
addressed
If operable partition is included, provide structural support and stacking space
\3\ Ensure that door to chair storage is tall enough to accommodate the height
of furniture items in their mobile configuration
/3//1/
IN
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4-2.9.4
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4-2.10
Chair and Table Storage
4-2.10.1 This space is for the storage of the assembly hall tables and chairs when not
in use. \1\ The PA system for the assembly hall is also typically located here. The PA
system shall have wireless clip-on type microphones./1/
4-2.10.2 This space should not be used for mechanical equipment or electrical panels
due to the potential for damage to them or obstruction by the stored furniture.
Figure 4-12
4-2.10.3 Space Design Information
Chair and Table Storage
IN
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General/Code
Size – 10% times assembly hall authorized area
Occupancy – business
Occupancy count – 1 person per 100 sf (9.3 sq m)
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – 10 ft (3050 mm)
Floor – \2\ VCT/2/
Base – rubber
Walls – painted gypsum board; painted CMU as
alternative
Ceiling – suspended acoustical ceiling tile (ACT)
Trim – wall guard to protect walls
Lockset – storeroom on active leaf; flush bolts
inactive
Mechanical
Heating, occupied – 68 degrees F (20 C); maintained – 55 degrees F (13 C)
Cooling, occupied – none; maintained – none
Ventilation – comply with ASHRAE 62.1
Electrical
Lighting – 10 fc
Receptacles – convenience duplex plus dedicated outlet for PA
Voice/data – none
\1\ Furniture
Table dolly for assembly hall registration/banquet/etc folding tables
Chair dollies for assembly hall stacking chairs
Storage cabinet for PA system for Assembly Hall
Equipment
PA system for Assembly Hall with amplifier and minimum of two (2) or three (3)
wireless clip-on type microphones
Special features or considerations
Conduit to roof-mounted AM/FM antenna may be desired voice/data outlet for
office
\3\/3/Ensure that the door into chair storage is tall enough to accommodate the
height of furniture items in their mobile configuration/1/
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4-2.11
Kitchen (See Also Appendix E)
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4-2.11.1 The kitchen module provides space for training of cooks, and for preparation
of meals. It includes space for food preparation, cooking, serving and for the storage
and cleaning of cookware and serving ware, and is divided into four areas: \3\ Kitchen,
Scullery, Kitchen Office, and Food Storage. This is a standard kitchen; any changes to
the kitchen or equipment must be approved by the ACSIM-ODR Project Officer. Standard Architectural drawings, including enlarged equipment plans, elevations,
sections and Equipment Schedules, are available for download from the Army Reserve
FTP Download site link located on www.lrl.usace.army.mil/ed2/default.
asp?mycategory=212. Also available on the web site are Mechanical, Plumbing and
Electrical informational sheets./3/
4-2.11.2 The kitchen area is the area where food is prepared, cooked, and served. The
scullery is the area where soiled cooking and serving ware is cleaned, and stored when
clean. The food storage area provides space for storage of perishable and
nonperishable food, and kitchen supplies. The office provides administrative space for
the kitchen supervisor.
4-2.11.3 Security requires \3\ /3/coiling doors at the openings for food serving and tray
return between the kitchen and Assembly Hall. Code analysis may require these coiling
to be fire rated doors and on smoke-detector-activated hold-opens.
4-2.11.4 Space Design Information
IN
General/Code
Size – 811 sf (75.3 sq m), includes the Kitchen Office
Occupancy – business
Occupancy count – 1 person per 100 sf (9.3 sq m)
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – 8 ft - 8 in (2600 mm)
Floor – \2\ textured quarry tile in walk area \3\ to include Kitchen Office/3/,
smooth quarry tile under equipment /2/ \3\; with epoxy grout/3/
Base – \3\ Quarry tile with epoxy grout/3/
Walls – \2\ Ceramic Tile with epoxy grout on CMU/2/\3\; Ceramic tile with epoxy
grout on cement board as an alternative; Epoxy-painted water resistant
gypsum wall board as an alternative for the Kitchen Office only/3/
Ceiling – \3\Skim coated/3/ and epoxy-painted cement board; \3\ suspended
ACT as an alternative for the Kitchen Office Only/3/
Trim – stainless steel corner guards, door kick plates; \3\ coat rack mounted on
the wall behind the kitchen office door /3/
Locksets – office, classroom, storeroom and panic
Mechanical
Heating, occupied – 68 degrees F (20 C); maintained – 55 degrees F (13 C)
Cooling, occupied – 80 degrees F (27 C); maintained – ambient
Ventilation – comply with ASHRAE 62.1 and NFPA 96
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4-2.12
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Electrical
Lighting – 50 fc for office and 70 fc for kitchen; 30 fc for scullery and food
storage
Receptacles – convenience duplex in addition to equipment requirements
Voice/data – voice/data outlet for office
\1\ Furniture, Kitchen Office
\3\ Double pedestal desk or “L” shaped desk unit/3/
Mid-back desk chair with arms.
Lateral file
Equipment
See Appendix E
Special features or considerations
Exhaust hood over cooking equipment – verify fire protection requirements,
\2\ limited to wet chemical or automatic sprinkler system installed in
accordance with NFPA 96 – direct-fired makeup air unit per NFPA 96 /2/
Typically must be separated by rated construction
Wet location light fixtures
\2\Contactor/2/ to shut down power to equipment under hood – coordinate with
fire protection
A grease trap must be provided
May require an adjacent exterior concrete pad for MKT - 30 ft by 30 ft
(9.2 sq m by 9.2 sq m) /1/
\2\ Locate fire suppression cabinet along path of egress./2/
Arms Vault
4-2.12.1 The arms vault provides secure storage of all weapons assigned to units at
the facility. Ammunition may be stored in small amounts in some instances. The arms
vault will not be located on an exterior wall.
IN
4-2.12.2 Construction of the vault is governed by AR 190-11, and will be cast-in-place,
reinforced concrete. In general, walls must be 8 in \2\ (205 /2/ mm) thick minimum,
reinforced with #4 (13 mm) reinforcing bars at 9 in (230 mm) on center each way, each
face, with the two layers staggered, to provide a projected 4-1/2 in (115 mm) grid.
Ceilings must be a minimum of 8 in (205 mm) thick, with a minimum reinforcement of #4
(13 mm) reinforcing bars forming a grid such that no opening exceeds 96 sq in
(62,000 sq mm). Structural floors will be equivalent to ceiling requirements. Slabs on
grade will be 6 in (\2\ 153 /2/ mm) thick with #3 at \2\ 12” /2/ o.c. each way (#10 bars at
300 mm o.c. each way). Refer to AR 190‑11, Chapter 4 and Appendix G, for additional
vault construction requirements, including securing rings for securing the weapons in
the racks. The structural documents must prominently display the following note: \3\
“Concrete placement for arms vault walls and roof may not proceed until written security
certification and Contracting Officer approval is received. Certification can only proceed
after reinforcing steel is in place. The contractor shall provide the Contracting Officer a
two week notice, minimum, prior to concrete placement for the security inspection to
take place. Be aware that separate concrete placements for various portions of the vault
must have separate inspections. It is the Contracting Officer’s responsibility to obtain
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security certification from Army Reserve Security Specialists, Provost Marshal with
authority over project or the Project Engineer. The various stages of the vault
construction requiring an authorizing inspection shall occur with the individual listed
above or an approved representative of the certifying individual listed above”/3/
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Figure 4-13
Armorer’s Room and Arms Vault
4-2.12.3 A \3\ GSA approved Class 5-A Armory /3/ door capable of swinging open 180
degrees, with a heavy duty doorstop, will be provided. Day gates, with a pass-through
capability for issuing weapons, may be provided if Tenants desire.
IN
4-2.12.4 \2\ Provide for an intrusion detection system (IDS) (some installations the IDS
will be required as part of the contract, other places rough-in for the system is all that is
required)./2/ Provide floor anchors for weapons racks. An alarm control box will be
placed outside the caged areas, but inside the vault. Refer to AR 190-11 for security
criteria. Electrical power is to be provided through a non-fused 30 amp disconnect
switch, located in the arms vault, to a lockable 30 amp disconnect switch fused for 20 amps, connected ahead of the main in the electrical room. A 3/4 in (19 mm) rigid
conduit will be provided from the telephone terminal board to a junction box located in
the arms vault and a 3/4 in (19 mm) rigid conduit from the arms vault junction box to a
recessed junction box mounted on the building exterior.
4-2.12.5 Provide a 110 volt outlet and a 2 in (50 mm) diameter floor drain for the
dehumidifier. These should be located adjacent to each other and outside of the caged
areas.
4-2.12.6 Battery backup, fluorescent fixtures to illuminate the vault door should be
provided over the vault door if it opens into a corridor or other space other than the
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Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
armorer’s room, such as the assembly hall of unit storage. These lights will be
connected directly to the panel board. If the vault door opens into the armorer’s room,
this egress lighting should instead be provided outside the armorer’s room door.
4-2.12.7 Coordinate lighting and caging layout to allow caging walls to extend to
ceiling. In laying out arms vaults, use a 5 ft (1525 mm) module for width to allow a 3 ft
(915 mm) aisle between 10-1/4 in (260 mm) wide rifle racks. Use a 3 ft (915 mm)
module for length to allow for 3 ft (915 mm) rifle racks.
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4-2.12.8 Gun racks and containers are Government-supplied and installed. Wire
caging on the modules described above is to be provided in vaults serving more than
one military unit if requested. \2\ GSA approved Class 5 /2/ containers (safes) are
approved for use instead of small arms storage racks and arms rooms where small
quantities of weapons, central firing components and related ammunition are stored.
Specific cabinets authorized for use are listed in AR 190-11.
4-2.12.9 A dehumidifier outside the caged area should be provided. \2\ Consider
placing dehumidifier on a shelf near the ceiling to prevent damage caused by weapons
racks being moved through the vault./2/ A fire extinguisher should be located adjacent to
the motion detection control box, both of which should be outside caged areas.
4-2.12.10Anchorments for securing weapons in the racks should be provided in the
floor, and must be coordinated with floor construction and reinforcing. Floor
anchorments should not protrude from floor, and must be coordinated with slab
thickness and reinforcing; consider using airport mooring eyes, as manufactured by
Neenah Foundry and others. \3\ Standard Army Reserve arms vault configurations
(available on the Louisville District website) indicate floor anchor placement. Coordinate
anchor placement if User utilizes a different weapons rack./3/
IN
4-2.12.11For restoration programs, modular arms vaults are acceptable if they meet the
criteria of \3\ AR 190-11/3/, \2\ Federal Specification AA-V-2737 /2/, Modular Vault
Systems, and are approved by GSA. One manufacturer of such vaults is CustomVault
Corporation, Alexandria, VA; their vaults must be installed in humidity-controlled
environments. A new floor may be required, depending on condition of existing floor.
The final proposed design must be approved in writing prior to
4-2.12.12Space Design Information
General/Code
Size – varies
Occupancy – business
Occupancy count – not occupied; typically 1 person per 300 sf
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – not applicable
Ceiling height – 8 ft - 2 in (2500 mm) minimum
Floor – sealed concrete
Base – none
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4-2.13
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Walls – painted concrete
Ceiling – exposed structure, painted
Trim – none
Lockset – by vault door supplier \3\ (Fed Spec FF-L-2937 combination lock)/3/
Mechanical
Heating – none
Cooling – none
Ventilation –0.5 cfm/sf (2.5 L/S/SQM) thru transfer ducts; duct openings must
comply with AR 190-11
Electrical
Lighting – 50 fc;
Receptacles – convenience duplex; dedicated 20A circuits one for dehumidifier
and one for IDS panel.
Voice/data – dedicated telephone connection to IDS supervision
\2\ Intrusion Detention System (IDS). IDS alarm signal transmitter shall be
Advantor Plus for signal transmissions to Fort McCoy for off-post vaults.
Exterior local alarm bell required for all vaults./2/
Furniture
\1\ There is no furniture provided for this room function/1/
Equipment
Dehumidifier (pipe to floor drain) by contractor
Special features or considerations
24-hour fluorescent, vandal-proof fixture outside vault door, above door
Power, conduit and boxes for intrusion detection system (IDS) if by Government
Minimize penetrations in vault envelope
Tenants may want a lockable pass-thru in the vault’s day gate for weapons
distribution
Armorer’s Room
IN
4-2.13.1 The armorer’s room provides a space for weapons issue, inspection, training,
cleaning and repair.
4-2.13.2 If the arms vault door opens into the armorer’s room, a physical security light
is required outside the armorer’s room door - see 4-2.12.6.
4-2.13.3 Space Design Information
General/Code
Size – 100 sf (9.3 sq m)
Occupancy – business
Occupancy count – 1 person
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – 8 ft - 8 in (2600 mm)
Floor -VCT
Base – rubber
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4-2.14
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Walls – painted gypsum board
Ceiling – suspended acoustical ceiling tile (ACT)
Trim – none
Lockset – office
Mechanical
Heating, occupied – 68 degrees F (20 F); maintained –
55 degrees F (13 C)
Cooling, occupied – 78 degrees F (25 C); maintained – ambient
Ventilation – comply with ASHRAE 62.1
Electrical
Lighting – 50 fc receptacles – convenience and computer duplexes
Voice/data – two voice/data outlets
\1\ Furniture
Workbench with laminated hardwood top and power strip (plug-in type)
Stool with woven “Crypton” upholstery
Lockable storage cabinet
Equipment
There is no equipment provided for this room function/1/
Special features or considerations
Continuous 110 v power strip above the workbenches
Classrooms
4-2.14.1 This space is used primarily for instructional training of unit personnel, but
may also be used as a conference/meeting room on occasion.
4-2.14.2 Classroom space authorizations are based on 8 sf (0.75 sq m) per person. If
the authorization allows, some larger and some smaller classrooms should be provided,
with larger classrooms accommodating up to 50.
IN
4-2.14.3 The larger classrooms can be subdivided with a quality operable panel
partition, with an STC rating of 48-52. Extend the sound attenuation above the ceiling to
eliminate flanking points. For subdivided rooms, provide equipment for both sides of the
partition. Specifications for operable partition should include O & M manual, and
provision of multiple sets of any required operating hardware.
4-2.14.4 Room-darkening shades or blinds should be provided for classrooms with
windows.
4-2.14.5 Portions of any facility which serve a unit with more than 50 members, such
as a school command, will be designed as educational occupancies, and meet
applicable code criteria for such occupancy. The library, learning center, COMSEC
training, and their support spaces will be part of this educational occupancy area.
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Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
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Figure 4-14
Classroom
4-2.14.6 Space Design Information
IN
General/Code
Size – varies
Occupancy – business, educational or assembly depending on personnel count
Occupancy count – 1 person per 20 sf (1.9 sq m)
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – 8 ft - 8 in (2600 mm) minimum
Floor – carpet \2\tile/2/; VCT as an alternative
Base – rubber
Walls – painted gypsum board
Ceiling – suspended acoustical ceiling tile (ACT)
Trim – chair rail to protect walls \2\, coat rack mounted to the wall /2/
Lockset – classroom
Mechanical
Heating, occupied – 68 degrees F (20 C); maintained – 55 degrees F (13 C)
Cooling, occupied – 78 degrees F (25 C); maintained – ambient
Ventilation – comply with ASHRAE 62.1
Electrical
Lighting – 50 fc; dual-level switching; provide additional controls at marker
board
Receptacles – convenience and a duplex receptacle at each data outlet
\2\ - Provide receptacle for ceiling mounted overhead projector /2/
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Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
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Voice/data – two voice/data outlets \2\ at the instructor location
- one data outlet at each student location
- Two conduits from the overhead projector location, one to the instructors
location the other to center of the wall at the rear of the classroom (if rear
of classroom is a moveable partition locate outlet box in wall at either end
of the partition /2/
\3\ Floor receptacles and outlets may be required if wall outlets are not
accessible per table layout (i.e. over 12 feet from a wall outlet)/3/
\1\ Furniture
Figure 4-15
Classroom with Operable Partition
IN
\3\ Non-powered folding tables with t-legs /3/
Sled-based stacking chairs \3\ with arms /3/, with upholstered seat and back
Full height lectern; pedestal type with shelf underneath (table-top lectern
optional) \2\/2/
Equipment
Powered projection screen
Marker board with two inch (2”) map rail; multiple marker boards provided
where appropriate
Two inch (2”) map rail continuous around the perimeter of room.
Map rails to include end stops and hanger clips
Special features or considerations
Consider incandescent downlights with dimmer to 15 fc for room darkening
Provide room-darkening shades for windows
Verify if Tenants require CATV or permanent mount for LCD projection (TV and
projector would be Tenant provided)
Provide sufficient data outlets for computer training, with wire management and
appropriate lighting/1/
\2\ Provide blocking in ceiling for an overhead projector /2/
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Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
4-2.15
Library Reading Room
4-2.15.1 The library reading room, or library, provides the Tenants a place to review
training publications and other reading material. It is occasionally used as a meeting or
conference room.
4-2.15.2 Library materials are stored in the library storage room storage room.
4-2.15.3 Space Design Information
Figure 4-16
Library Reading Room
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General/Code
Size – varies
Occupancy – business, unless 4-2.14.5
above governs
Occupancy count – 1 person per 20 sf (1.9
sq m)
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – 8 ft - 8 in (2600 mm)
Floor – carpet \2\tile/2/ \2\/2/
Base – rubber
Walls – painted gypsum board
Ceiling – suspended acoustical ceiling tile (ACT)
Trim – chair rail to protect walls \2\, coat rack mounted to the wall /2/
Lockset – classroom
Mechanical
Heating, occupied – 68 degrees F (20 C); maintained –55 degrees F (13 C)
Cooling, occupied – 78 degrees F (25 C); maintained – ambient
Ventilation – comply with ASHRAE 62.1
Electrical
Lighting – 50 fc
Receptacles – convenience duplexes
\2\ - Provide receptacle for ceiling mounted overhead projector
- Provide duplex receptacle in floor under the table /2/
Voice/data – telephone and data outlets, \2\ located in wall and in floor under
the table /2/
\2\ - Provide conduit from the overhead projector location to a wall box on
wall opposite proposed screen location /2/
\1\ Furniture
\3\ Meeting room table or /3/\2\ Folding/2/ tables with t-legs
\3\ Sled based /3/ upholstered chairs with arms
Bookcases
Credenza storage unit \3\ or /3/ lockable storage cabinet with shelves
Equipment
Marker board with 2” map rail /1/
Special features or considerations
Verify whether Tenants require computer power, voice/data receptacles, marker
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Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
boards, etc., for use as a conference or meeting room
\2\ Provide blocking in ceiling for an overhead projector /2/
4-2.16
Library Storage
4-2.16.1 This space is for the storage of the graphic aids, training modules, bulk
training modules and other materials to support the training function. The space should
be designed to maximize storage space and shelving.
4-2.16.2 Space Design Information
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Figure 4-17
General/Code
Library Storage
Size – 10 % times Library Reading Room authorization
Occupancy – business
Occupancy count – not occupied; typically 1 person per
300 sf
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – 8 ft - 8 in (2600 mm)
Floor – VCT
Base – rubber
Walls – painted gypsum board
Ceiling – suspended acoustical ceiling tile (ACT)
Trim – none
Lockset – storeroom
Mechanical
Heating, occupied – 68 degrees F (20 C); maintained - 55 degrees F (13 C)
Cooling - none
Ventilation – comply with ASHRAE 62.1
Electrical
Lighting – 30 fc
Receptacles – convenience receptacles
Voice/data – wall phone
Furniture
Bookcases and/or storage cabinets
Equipment
\3\/3/
Special features or considerations
4-2.17
Learning Center
4-2.17.1 This space is used as a computer training space. It can be used for individual testing or group instruction.
112
Figure 4-18
Learning Center
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
4-2.17.2 Space Design Information
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General/Code
Size – varies
Occupancy – business, unless 4-2.14.5 above governs
Occupancy count – 1 person per 20 sf (1.9 sq m)
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – 8 ft - 8 in (2600 mm)
Floor – carpet \2\tile/2/; VCT as an alternative
Base – rubber
Walls – painted gypsum board
Ceiling – suspended acoustical ceiling tile (ACT)
Trim – \2\ none /2/
Lockset – classroom
Mechanical
Heating, occupied – 68 degrees F (20 C); maintained – 55 degrees F (13 C)
Cooling, occupied – 78 degrees F (25 C); maintained – ambient
Ventilation – comply with ASHRAE 62.1
Electrical
Lighting – 50 fc
Receptacles – \3\ convenience receptacles and a duplex receptacle at eact data
outlet/3/
\3\ /3/
\1\ Furniture
\3\ Tables with privacy screen use of CPU holder, keyboard tray shall be verified
with the Tenant/3/
\3\/3/
Mid-back upholstered task chairs with adjustable arms
\3\/3/
Lockable storage cabinet with shelves
Equipment
Marker board with 2” map rail; map rail to include end stops and hangerclips
\3\ /3/
Special features or considerations
Power outlets and data outlets should be provided along the wall at each table
location \3\ /3/
\3\ Floor receptacles and outlets may be required if wall outlets are not
accessible per table layout /3//1/
\3\ /3/
Figure 4-19
Training Aids
4-2.18 Training Aids Storage
Storage
4-2.18.1 This space is for the storage of teaching aids
(including A/V equipment), manuals, publications, and models.
The designer should verify the types of materials to be stored,
and design the space accordingly.
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4-2.18.2 Space Design Information
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\3\ /3/
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General/Code
Size – 10% times total classroom area authorization
Occupancy – business
Occupancy count – not occupied; typically 1 person per 300 sf
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – 8 ft - 8 in (2600 mm)
Floor – VCT
Base – rubber
Walls – painted gypsum board
Ceiling – suspended acoustical ceiling tile (ACT)
Trim – none
Lockset – storeroom
Mechanical
Heating, occupied and maintained – 55 degrees F (13 C)
Cooling – none
Ventilation – incidental
Electrical
Lighting – 30 fc
Receptacles – convenience duplex receptacles
Voice/data – wall phone
Furniture
\1\ \2\/2/ Lockable storage cabinets with shelves
TV/VCR cart, one (1) for every two (2) classrooms; minimum one (1) per
project; to be stored in training aid storage rooms /1/
Equipment
Shelving
Special features or considerations
Ordinary hazard sprinklers
4-2.19
COMSEC Storage
4-2.19.1 This space provides storage area for sensitive communication devices.
However, a security safe may be substituted and placed within a COMSEC training
room. If a safe is utilized, then the room design must provide sufficient space
surrounding the safe for circulation and door operation. The safe must be offset from the
wall 12 inches in order to open on two sides and swivel, thus requiring a slight increase
in floor space. Safes are provided by the Tenants, and weigh approximately 100 psf.
4-2.19.2 The door to a COMSEC storage room must be solid-core wood or hollow
metal industrial, lockable and without glazing. The strike plate must be heavy-duty, highsecurity, and hinge screw length must be sufficient to resist removal by prying. Hinge
pins must be within the space, or non-removable. An electromechanical lock meeting
Federal Specification FF-L-2740 is required.
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Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
4-2.19.3 If a storage safe is not incorporated into the COMSEC training room, then the
Storage room space must be secure against surreptitious entry; provide gypsum board
walls from floor to ceiling, and a gypsum board ceiling, to provide visual evidence of any
attempted entry.
4-2.19.4 Air vents, ducts and similar openings that breach the room envelope must be
secured to prevent penetration; if greater than 96 sq in (2,000 sq mm), provide
hardened steel bar grates or IDS supervision. All openings must be baffled to limit
audio or acoustical transmission to non-COMSEC spaces.
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4-2.19.5 Space Design Information
IN
General/Code
Size – varies
Occupancy – business
Occupancy count – not occupied, typically 1 person per 300 sf
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – 8 ft - 8 in (2600 mm)
Floor – VCT
Base – rubber
Walls – painted gypsum board
Ceiling – painted gypsum board
Trim – none
Lockset – storeroom
Mechanical
Heating, occupied – 68 degrees F (20 C); maintained – 55 degrees F (13 C)
Cooling – none
Ventilation – incidental
Electrical
Lighting – 30 fc
Receptacles – convenience duplex
Voice/data – wall phone
Furniture
Bookcases upon Tenant request, Designer of Record shall verify
Equipment
Any safe(s) will be provided by with the Tenants
\3\ /3/
Special features or considerations
Ordinary hazard sprinklers
Though not a requirement, Tenants normally prefer no windows in this space
4-2.20
Unit/Individual Storage
4-2.20.1 This space permits storage and inventory management of organizational
equipment, such as clothing, tents, radios, tool sets, etc., in a separate and secure area.
The issue and return of organizational equipment is also conducted here, or in the
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UFC 4-171-05
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Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
staging area.
4-2.20.2 The unit storage space is typically subdivided into \2\ 8 ft by 12ft - 2in (2400
mm by 3650 mm) /2/ cages constructed of 1 in by 2 in (25 mm by 50 mm) woven
welded wire fabric. See Section 3-5.6 for additional information on cages and shelving.
Aisles and vestibules between the secured areas should allow for efficient circulation
and movement of stored equipment. Circulation space is not included within the total
area authorization. \3\ Provide each cage unit with a small sign identify sequentially
each cage. Signs should be posted stating storage height limitation and/or no storage
above the cage ceilings. /3/
4-2.20.3 Space Design Information
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Figure 4-20
Unit Storage with
Supply Office
IN
General/Code
Size – varies
Occupancy – storage
Occupancy count – not occupied; typically 1 person per
300 sf (27.9 sq m)
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – 10 ft (3050 mm) minimum
Floor – sealed concrete
Base – none
Walls – painted CMU; painted gypsum board as an
alternative
Ceiling – none; paint structure
Trim – none
Lockset – classroom; padlocks at cages
Mechanical
Heating, occupied – 68 degrees F (20 C); maintained – 55 degrees F (13 C)
Cooling – economizer only
Ventilation – one air change per hour
Electrical
Lighting – 30 fc; motion sensors for aisles
Receptacles – convenience duplex in each cage; convenience duplexes along
aisles
Voice/data – none
Furniture - none
Equipment - shelving, caging
Special features or considerations
\3\ Ordinary hazard group 2 sprinklers with storage below 12 feet (3.7 metes) /3/
Lights should be located at cage ceilings, as well as in aisles, to provide
sufficient light for cages and allow for ease of bulb replacement
Provide padlocks for all cage door hasps
If some portions of unit storage have gypsum board walls, consider a plywood
wainscot
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4-2.21
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Figure 4-21
Unit Storage with Staging and Supply Office
Staging Area
4-2.21.1 The staging area provides space for issue and return of the units’
organizational equipment, and for marshaling and loading for movement off-site.
4-2.21.2 Space Design Information
IN
General/Code
Size – 10% time authorized area for unit storage
Occupancy –storage
Occupancy count – not occupied; typically 1 person per 300 sf
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – 10 ft (3050 mm) minimum
Floor – sealed concrete
Base – none
Walls – painted CMU; painted gypsum board as an alternative
Ceiling – exposed structure, painted
Trim – none
Lockset – panic at exit door
Mechanical
Heating, occupied - 68 degrees F (20 C); maintained – 55 degrees F (13 C)
Cooling – none
Ventilation – comply with ASHRAE 62.1
Electrical
Lighting – 30 fc
Receptacles – convenience duplex
Voice/data – wall phone
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Furniture
Equipment
Special features or considerations
Overhead door to the exterior, typically 10 ft by 10 ft (3 m by 3 m)
\2\ Provide 6-inch diameter concrete filled with a concrete dome top, heavyweight steel protective bollards inside and outside of overhead door jams
/2/
If site conditions allow, consider a raised or depressed loading dock at the
overhead door
Ordinary hazard sprinklers
Supply Office
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4-2.22
4-2.22.1 These offices are used by the supply officers for administration and training
purposes. They should be located to have a view of the unit storage and staging areas,
possibly through a window, sidelight or door light, since they have air conditioning and
the spaces around them do not. An exterior window overlooking the service drive to the
staging area, and any vehicle barrier, are also desirable.
4-2.22.2 There is typically a GFGI safe in at least one supply office; provide a floor
anchor, similar to that in the arms vault at the appropriate office(s).
4-2.22.3 Space Design Information
IN
General/Code
Size – 120 sf (11 sq m) each typical
Occupancy – business
Occupancy count – 1 person per single office; shared offices 2-10
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – 8 ft - 8 in (2600 mm)
Floor – VCT
Base – rubber
Walls – painted gypsum board; painted CMU as an alternative
Ceiling – suspended acoustical ceiling tile (ACT)
Trim – none
Lockset – office
Mechanical
Heating, occupied – 68 degrees F (20 C); maintained – 55 degrees F (13 C)
Cooling, occupied – 78 degrees F (25 C); maintained – ambient
Ventilation – comply with ASHRAE 62
Electrical
Lighting – 50 fc
Receptacles – convenience and computer duplexes
Voice/data – two telephone/data outlets per workstation
Furniture
Similar to full-time offices above
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\3\ /3/
Equipment
Verify if additional equipment required in some offices
Special features or considerations
4-2.23
Janitorial
4-2.23.1 Janitorial closets provide space, and plumbing, for the cleaning and storage
of mops, janitorial supplies and related cleaning equipment. The authorization may be
distributed throughout larger or multistory buildings for maintenance convenience.
4-2.23.2 Space Design Information
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Figure 4-22
Janitorial
IN
General/Code
Size – varies
Occupancy – business
Occupancy count – not occupied; typically 1 person per
300 sf
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – \3\ 8 ft - 8 in (2600 mm) /3/
Floor – sealed concrete
Base – none
Walls – \3\ epoxy-painted water resistant gypsum board; epoxy-painted CMU as
an alternative /3/
Ceiling – \3\ epoxy-painted water resistant gypsum board /3/
Trim – Mop hooks; At least 10 lineal feet (3 m) of shelving
Lockset – storeroom
Mechanical
Heating – passive, through transfer air
Cooling – passive, through transfer air
Ventilation – ventilate with exhaust at 10 air changes per hour; maintain
negative pressure
Electrical
Lighting – 10 fc
Receptacles – GFCI duplex receptacle
Voice/data – none
Furniture
Equipment
Special features or considerations
Floor sink with spout with pail hook
Ordinary hazard sprinklers
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4-2.24
Flammable Storage
These rooms are rarely provided in training centers; see OMS Flammable Storage,
Section 4-3.7 below.
4-2.25
Controlled Waste Storage
These rooms are rarely provided in training centers; see OMS Controlled Waste
Storage, Section 4-3.8 below.
4-2.26
Facility Maintenance Storage
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4-2.26.1 This space is provided for storage of maintenance equipment and supplies,
and general building storage. The authorization may be distributed throughout larger
Figure 4-23
buildings for operational convenience.
Facility Maintenance Storage
4-2.26.2 A portion of this space should be
dedicated to recycling, for sustainable
design and environmental reasons. This
portion should be located near an exterior
exit with vehicle access, and \3\ provide
storage to support the break room recycle
center/3/.
4-2.26.3 Space Design Information
IN
General/Code
Size – 200 sf (18.6 sq m)
Occupancy – business
Occupancy count – not occupied;
typically 1 person per 300 sf
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height –
Floor – sealed concrete
Base – none
Walls – painted gypsum board; painted CMU as an alternative
Ceiling – exposed structure, painted
Trim – none
Lockset – storeroom
Mechanical
Heating – 55 degrees F (13 C)
Cooling - none
Ventilation – ventilate with exhaust fan
Electrical
Lighting – 30 fc
Receptacles – convenience duplex receptacles
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Voice/data – wall phone
Furniture
Equipment
Shelving and or storage cabinets
Special features or considerations
Ordinary hazard sprinklers
4-2.27
\2\ Weapons Simulator
Figure 4-24
Weapons Simulator
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4-2.27.1 The weapons simulator space houses either a
Laser Marksmanship Training System (LMTS) or an
Engagement Skills Trainer (EST) to provide simulator-type
weapons training. It is similar in design to a classroom, and
may occasionally be used as a classroom and shall be
designed for this dual purpose. The 24’ x 70’ Weapons
Simulator space is sub-divided into three rooms: a 24’ x 62’
Simulator Room, a 18’ x 8’ Control Room and a 6’ x 8’
Secure Storage Room. The Control Room and Secure
Storage Room are for the simulator weapon controls,
computers and other support equipment.
4-2.27.2 The designer should verify the type of weapons
simulator system to be provided with the Using Service and
USAR Installation and obtain the specifications for the
system. The weapons simulator system is typically
Government provided and installed, but the designer will
need to develop the proper room layout for the system, as
well as appropriate electrical, communications and
mechanical systems to support the equipment.
IN
4-2.27.3 Provide 60 STC for Weapons Simulators Room
walls located near occupied spaces, reduce STC rating to
48 when adjacent to unoccupied spaces. Provide 60 STC
for walls around Secure Storage Room to reduce sound of
the EST compressor now or in the future.
4-2.27.4 Space Design Information
General/Code
Size – 24’ x 70’
Occupancy – business
Occupancy count –
- Simulator Room – 5 People when used as Weapons simulator, when
used as a classroom 1 person per 20 sf (1.9 sq m)
- Control Room – 2 People.
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 48/60 (See Paragraph 4-2.27.3)
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Ceiling height – 8 ft - 8 in (2600 mm) minimum
Floor –VCT
Base – rubber
Walls – painted high-impact gypsum board in Simulator Room
- Wall opposite Control Room in Simulator Room to have full height/full
width retail display board (Marlite Board) for suspension of targets and
control devices. Wall behind display board shall receive grade one select
wood blocking for display board support.
- Control Room and Secure Storage Room shall have painted gypsum
board walls.
Ceiling – suspended acoustical ceiling tile (ACT). Ceiling to have 12” by 10”
high raise notch along Simulator Room wall between Control Room and
target wall for an exposed cable tray to be inserted. Top and side of raised
notch shall be ACT.
Trim – none
Locksets – classroom style - except Secure Storage Room is storage.
Two (2) 2-36” High x 48” wide sliding operable windows with locking device and
single pane safety glazing in hollow metal frame mounted between Control
Room and Simulator Room. Bottom of window frame 34” AFF.
Two (2) 8”x8” operable access doors. One access door between Secure
Storage Room and Simulator Room, and another between Control Room
and Simulator Room. Access doors are for running cables and air lines
between the rooms.
Mechanical
Heating, occupied – 68 degrees F (20 C); maintained –55 degrees F (13 C)
Cooling, occupied – 78 degrees F (25 C); maintained – ambient
Ventilation – comply with ASHRAE 62.1
Air movement shall not cause targets or projection screen to ripple, special
emphasis for EST screen location.
Electrical
Lighting – 50 fc; provide dimmers for room darkening
- Provide track lighting over targets with five directional incandescent
fixtures, light control provided with dimmer in Control Room.
- Zone fluorescent with multiple switch control and three tube fixtures with
one tube on a separate switch. (Dimmer control may be used)
- Lighting Controls for Simulator Room located at entry behind firing line
into room as well as in Control Room.
- Provide “Range-In-Use” light outside main entry door, with an associated
pilot light switch in the Control Room.
Receptacles – convenience and computer duplexes
- Provide a receptacle at each target location
- Provide a dedicated 20 Amp circuit with standard duplex outlet for future
air compressor in the Secure Storage Room
- Provide double duplex receptacles by voice and data outlets in Simluator
room.
Voice/data – two voice/data outlets in Control Room located below viewing
windows. Locate voice and data outlets along walls in Simulator Room per
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proposed furniture layout (minimum of six locations).
- 6” wide by 4” high aluminium , cable tray in ceiling notch. Bottom of the
cable tray shall be flush with bottom of adjacent acoustical ceiling tile.
LMTS target switches in the Control Room.
Weapons Simulator PA System – Provide PA system such that Control Room
can give one-way instruction to shooters. If a building wide PA system
is used continue it throughout the Weapons simulator space but have a
PA silence switch in Control Room to silence building wide PA system in
Simulator Room only. Building wide PA silence switch will not disable
mass notification or fire alarms in Training Room.
No mercury vapor fixtures.
Furniture
Exercise (floor mats) for comfort at firing area and to cover cables/air lines on
floor connecting targets and equipment.
Control Room
Two folding tables
Two desk chairs
\3\ /3/
Equipment
Simulator Room
60” x 60” Powered projection screen centered on wall mounted below
ceiling in front of display board wall.
Special features or considerations
Noise – maximum 107 decibels
- Locate Weapons Simulator space away from offices.
Provide room-darkening shades for any windows
Verify equipment power or data needs with Tenants
Quiet air distribution /2/
\3\ /3/
Band Room – See Appendix G
IN
4-2.28
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4-2.29
Medical Section
4-2.29.1 Units with medical sections assigned to them will be authorized a 400 sf
(37.2 sq m) space to be used for training and storage. The designers should coordinate
layout and furnishing for the space with the Tenants.
4-2.29.2 Space Design Information: This area may house functions similar to office,
unit common, or physical exam spaces; see space design information for those
functions as appropriate.
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4-2.30
Physical Exam Wing – See Appendix I
4-2.31
Secure Compartmented Information Facility (SCIF) - See Appendix H
4-2.32
Soils Testing Lab
4-2.32.1 The space is authorized for units with soils testing functions, and should be
located near an exterior door to minimize tracking of dirt by field personnel.
4-2.32.2 Space Design Information
IN
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General/Code
Size – 150 sf (13.9 sq m)
Occupancy – business
Occupancy count – 1 person per 100 sf (9.3 sq m)
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – 8 ft - 8 in (2600 mm)
Floor – VCT
Base – rubber
Walls – painted gypsum board
Ceiling – suspended acoustical ceiling tile (ACT)
Trim – none
Lockset – office
Mechanical
Heating, occupied – 68 degrees F (20 C); maintained – 55 degrees F (13 C)
Cooling, occupied – 78 degrees F (25 C); maintained – ambient
Ventilation – comply with ASHRAE 62.1
Electrical
Lighting – 50 fc
Receptacles – convenience duplex; GFCI duplex above counters
Voice/data – wall phone above counter
Furniture
Verify with Tenants
Equipment
Soils testing equipment by the Tenants
Special features or considerations
Chemical-resistant counter space 8 ft (2.4 m) in length
Two-compartment, chemical-resistant stainless steel sink
Consider filtered return registers
4-2.33
Conference Room
4-2.33.1 This space is used for meetings by the Commanding General and/or staff
within the general office or headquarters, and is only authorized if there is a General
officer in one of the units. It should be near, or in, the General’s suite. A higher level of
finishes may be appropriate.
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4-2.33.2 The conference room must be capable of accommodating 20 people, with
good sight lines from all seats and sufficient space for ease of circulation during
meetings. If space allows, additional seating can be provided along one or more walls of
the room.
Figure 4-25
Conference Room
4-2.33.3 \1\ Space Design Information
IN
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General/Code
Size – 600 sf (55.7 sq m)
Occupancy – business
Occupancy count – by number of seats, or 1 person
per 15 sf (1.4 sq m)
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – 8 ft - 8 in (2600 mm) minimum
Floor – carpet \2\tile/2/
Base – rubber
Walls – painted gypsum board; vinyl as an alternative
Ceiling – suspended acoustical ceiling tile (ACT)
Trim – chair rail
Lockset – classroom
Mechanical
Heating, occupied – 68 degrees F (20 C); maintained – 55 degrees F (13 C)
Cooling, occupied – 78 degrees F (25 C); maintained – ambient
Ventilation – comply with ASHRAE 62.1
Electrical
Lighting – 50 fc with dual-level switching; provide dimmers
Receptacles – convenience duplexes
\2\ - Provide receptacle for ceiling mounted overhead projector.
- Provide duplex receptacle in floor under the table /2/
Voice/data – voice/data outlets on each wall and in floor under the table
\2\ - Provide conduit from the overhead projector location to a wall box on
wall opposite proposed screen location /2/
Furniture
Large wood conference table \3\/3/l
High-back upholstered chairs with adjustable seat height, fixed arms, and swivel
base at conference table
\3\ Guest /3/ chairs around perimeter of room
Full-height floor lectern \3\/3/
\3\/3/
Equipment
Powered projection screen wired to lectern to allow computer screen to be
projected
Electronic presentation “smart board” with printing capabilities, enclosed
Two inch (2”) map rail on one (1) wall
Map rail to include end stops and hanger clips
Verify with Tenants if CATV, LCD projection, video teleconferencing, etc., are
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desired (TV and projector by Tenants) – ACSIM-ODR approval is required
Special features or considerations
Optional built-in casework may be appropriate for storage and counter space
Provide chair rail around entire room
Provide structural support for ceiling mounted projector (projector to be provided
by Tenant)/1/
\2\ Provide blocking in ceiling for an overhead projector./2/
4-2.34
Drafting Room
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4-2.34.1 This space is used for manual or electronic drafting training and operations,
printing, and storage of drawings and media. In most cases it should be set up for one
manual and one CAD drafting station. Designer should verify typical drafting practice
with Tenants.
4-2.34.2 Space Design Information
IN
General/Code
Size – 250 sf (23.25 sq m)
Occupancy – business
Occupancy count – 2 people
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – 8 foot - 8 in (2600 mm) minimum
Floor – VCT; carpet \2\tile/2/ as an alternative
Base – rubber
Walls – painted gypsum board
Ceiling – suspended acoustical ceiling tile (ACT)
Trim – none
Lockset – office
Mechanical
Heating, occupied – 68 degrees F (20 C); maintained – 55 degrees F (13 C)
Cooling, occupied – 78 degrees F (25 C); maintained – ambient
Ventilation – comply with ASHRAE 62.1; adequate ventilation for any printer
Electrical
Lighting – 50 and 100 fc; dual-level switching
Receptacles – convenience and computer duplexes
Voice/data – voice/data outlets each workstation
\1\ Furniture
One small computer station similar to full-time offices above (freestanding metal
desk-based furniture)
Upholstered mid-back task chair with adjustable seat height and arms
Drafting table (single pedestal desk optional), 36 in x 72 in
(0.9144 m x 1.8288 m)
Drawing storage flat files - \3\ optional verify with Tenant
Lockable storage cabinet with shelves to be used as printer stand
/3/
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Equipment
CAD terminals
Printer provided by Tenants
Line one (1) wall with tack boards and a small marker board, tack board
sized to accommodate standard “E-size” drawing paper, minimum of
36 in high x 48 in wide (0.9144 m high x 1.2192 m wide)
Special features or considerations
Verify Tenant equipment power/data needs
Floor space should be provided for Tenant’s freestanding plotter and large
freestanding printer /1/
Physical Readiness Training
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4-2.35
IN
4-2.35.1 This space is for the Tenants’ physical training (PT); the athletic/training
equipment is included in the design, and is provided and installed by the Government as
part of the project furniture package.
Figure 4-26
Physical Readiness Training Room
4-2.35.2 Exterior access should be direct or through a short corridor to allow soldiers
to incorporate running into their training. Access should avoid the main entries and more
formal spaces in the building. \3\ Room access should provide a pair of 3 foot wide
doors to support equipment movement./3/
4-2.35.3 A drinking fountain should be located in or near this space.
4-2.35.4 Space Design Information
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General/Code
Size – varies
Occupancy – business
Occupancy count – 1 person per 100 sf (9.3 sq m)
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – 8 foot - 8 in (2600 mm) minimum
Floor – cushioned athletic-type flooring
Base – rubber
Walls – painted gypsum board; painted CMU as an alternative
Ceiling – suspended acoustical ceiling tile (ACT)
Trim – none
Lockset – classroom
Mechanical
Heating, occupied – 68 degrees F (20 C); maintained – 55 degrees F (13 C)
Cooling, occupied – 78 degrees F (25 C); maintained – ambient
Ventilation – 20 cu ft per minute (10 L/S) per person minimum; sufficient
ventilation for rigorous activity – do not recirculate to other spaces
Electrical
Lighting – 30 fc
Receptacles – convenience duplex; outlets for powered equipment
Voice/data – wall phone
\1\ Electrical outlet and cable connection for TV hookup/1/, \3\ these outlets
should be at the TV mounting height/3/
Furniture
\3\ A matrix of equipment has been developed based on room size. See matrix
in Appendix L - U.S. Army Reserve Physical Readiness Room Equipment
Matrix. /3/
Minimum of one (1) treadmill and one (1) recumbent bike per each physical
readiness room
\1\ Equipment
\2\ Mirrors on at least one wall with low exercise bar /2/
One (1) generic TV wall mount bracket
Special features or considerations
Verify if Tenants want CATV or data jacks
Provide support for mounting TV bracket /1/
4-2.36
Army Global Command Control System (AGCCS )
4-2.36.1 \3\ This space is used for training and operations with secure information. Its
location in a facility is a command decision; it is optimally located adjacent to the
SIIPRNET Café, but some may want it with the G3 staff section. It will always be a
separate space.
4-2.36.2 Design and construct the room in accordance with secure room construction
requirements of AR 380-5, including provisions for IDS system. The IDS system serving
an Arms Vault in the facility may be extended to AGCCS. Some secure room
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construction requirements are listed for COMSEC space above, but must be verified
with AR 380-5 to assure they are current and complete.
4-2.36.3 Space Design Information \3\ Figure Change/3/
Figure 4-27
AGCCS
IN
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General Code
Size - 150 sf (13.9 sq m)
Occupancy - business
Occupancy count – 1 person Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 45
Ceiling height – 8 ft - 8 in (2600 mm)
Floor – carpet tile; VCT as an alternative
Base – rubber
Walls – painted gypsum board; painted
CMU as an alternative
Ceiling – painted gypsum board
Trim – none
Lockset – GSA-approved combination lock meeting Federal Specification FF-L2740A
Mechanical
Heating, occupied – 68º F (20º C); maintained – 55º F (13º C)
Cooling, occupied – 78º F (25º C); maintained – ambient
Ventilation – comply with ASHRAE 62.1
Electrical
Lighting – 50 fc (540 lux)
Receptacles – convenience and computer duplex
Voice/data – voice/data receptacle at each workstation
Furniture
One double pedestal desk with keyboard tray and mouse pad
Mid-back task chair
Conference table and four chairs
Verify tables or stands for USARC provided equipment
Equipment
Verify secure equipment, GSA containers and other operational items to be
provided by USARC, not project
Special features or considerations
/3/
4-2.37 Distance Learning Center
4-2.37.1 This space is provided, when authorized, to allow delivery of remote training
and education resources. An authorization of 800 sf (74 sq m) is provided for each
multiple of 12 students, and there may be an associated office for a contract operator/
instructor.
4-2.37.2 The space will be similar to a computer learning lab, with voice/data links. The
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Using Service will provide and install all equipment, hardware and software; the
designer must obtain the specifications, and coordinate the design of the mechanical
and electrical building systems required to support the space and equipment.
4-2.37.3 Space Design Information - similar to Classroom above; designer must verify
whether projection screens, marker boards, map rails and similar accessories are
required.
4-2.38
Male and Female Toilets and Showers
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4-2.38.1 Toilet rooms should be provided on each floor, and may be distributed
throughout larger buildings for personnel convenience. The total fixture count should be
based on the tables in Appendix F for the maximum drill weekend. If local codes require
more fixtures, review with the Using Service. Modesty screening should be provided at
toilet room entries.
Figure 4-28
Shower Room
4-2.38.2 Shower rooms are provided
primarily for weekend drill and physical
training purposes, but will also serve some
sustainable design goals. Shower rooms
should be associated with a toilet room, but
only one shower room for each sex should be
provided. All showers will be individual units;
no gang showers. Standard shower stall is 36
in x 36 in (900 mm by 900 mm); accessible
stalls may be 40 in x 40 in (1000 mm by 1000
mm) or 36 in x 60 in (900 mm by 1500 mm).
\3\ The preferred material for drop-in shower
units is fiberglass or plastic./3/
4-2.38.3 Space Design Information
IN
General/Code
Size – varies
Occupancy – business
Occupancy count – 1 person per 100 sf (9.3 sq m)
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – 8 ft - 8 in (2600 mm) minimum
Floor – ceramic tile; open rubber tile at showers
Base – ceramic tile
Walls – ceramic tile; epoxy-painted water-resistant gypsum board as an
alternative; molded fiberglass as an alternative in shower room
Ceiling – epoxy-painted cement board
Trim – none
Lockset – passage or push/pull
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Mechanical
Heating - passive, from transfer air
Cooling - passive, from transfer air
Ventilation – Use the largest of 2 CFM/SF (10 L/S/SQM), 10 air changes/HR, or
ASHRAE 62.1; negative air pressure.
Electrical
Lighting – 30 fc; showers, 20 fc recessed, wet location, lensed fluorescent
downlights
Receptacles – convenience duplex – GFCI in wet areas; GFCI duplex at sinks
Voice/data – none
Furniture
Equipment
Towel hooks or racks at showers
Special features or considerations
Commercial grade, flush valve, \3\ water closets and waterless urinals //
Corrosion-resistant registers
Consider benches at drying areas
\3\ Countertop sinks are preferred for large toilet areas. Use solid surface
material for the countertops and backsplash. Use stainless steel or
vitreous china for the bowls. /3/
Figure 4-29
Unisex
Toilet
4-2.39 Accessible Unisex Toilet
4-2.39.1 With the requirement that all newly constructed toilet
rooms be accessible, this space authorization is sometimes
lumped with the male and female toilets. It may also be used to
provide a toilet in a remote part of a building. \2\ Some
designers have made provisions for baby changing stations in
these rooms near the Family Support Office./2/
4-2.39.2 Space Design Information: See male and female toilet rooms above.
Male and Female Locker Rooms
IN
4-2.40
4-2.40.1 Locker room space is provided for personnel storage, and for changing of
clothing for physical training or during drill weekends. \2\ Provide modesty screening at
room entrances as required. /2/
4-2.40.2 The locker room space authorization may not provide sufficient area for an
individual locker for all personnel; in such cases some lockers may be assigned, or all
may be available for anyone’s use. Full-height, half-height, or a mixture of both may be
provided. As a rule of thumb, provide full-height lockers for full-time personnel and all
Commanders, and half-height for the remainder as space allows.
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4-2.40.2 Space Design Information
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Figure 4-30
Locker Room
IN
General/Code
Size – varies
Occupancy – business
Occupancy count – 1 person per 10 sf (9.3 sq m)
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – 8 ft - 8 in (2600 mm) minimum
Floor – ceramic tile
Base – ceramic tile
Walls – painted gypsum board
Ceiling – painted gypsum board
Trim – none
Lockset – classroom
Mechanical
Heating, occupied – 68 degrees F (20 C); maintained – 55 degrees F (13 C)
Cooling, occupied – 78 degrees F (25 C); maintained – ambient
Ventilation – Use 1 cfm/sf (5 L/S/SQM) in locker area and 2 cfm/sf
(10 L/S/SQM) in shower areas; air pressure to be negative
Electrical
Lighting – 20 fc
Receptacles – convenience duplex - GFCI
Voice/data – wall phone
Furniture
Equipment
Benches
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Special features or considerations
4-2.41
Vending Alcove
4-2.41.1 This space is provided for vending machines for the convenience of the
Tenants, and is typically located off a corridor or in the break area – occasionally in the
assembly hall. Large facilities may justify multiple locations, but the space will have to
come out of hide.
4-2.41.2 Space Design Information
Figure 4-31
Vending Alcove
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General/Code
Size – 28 sf (4.5 sq m)
Occupancy – business
Occupancy count – not occupied; typically 1 person per
300 sf (8 sq m)
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – 8 ft - 8 in (2600 mm) minimum
Floor – VCT \2\/2/
Base – rubber
Walls – painted gypsum board
Ceiling – suspended acoustical ceiling tile (ACT)
Trim – none
Lockset – none
Mechanical
Heating, occupied – 68 degrees F (20 C); maintained – 55 degrees F (13 C)
Cooling, occupied – 78 degrees F (25 C); maintained – ambient
Ventilation – comply with ASHRAE 62.1; return air to remove heat from vending
machines
Electrical
Lighting – 20 fc
Receptacles – dedicated 20A for each vending machine
Voice/data – none
Furniture
Equipment
Vending machines are by the Tenants
Special features or considerations
4-2.42
Break Area
4-2.42.1 This space is provided for break and meal activities; it may occasionally be
used as a meeting or training space. The Using Service may authorize up to 37 sq m
(400 sf) of additional space for family support/retention purposes.
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4-2.42.2 Space Design Information
Figure 4-32
General/Code
Break Area
Size – varies
Occupancy – business
Occupancy count – 1 person per 20 sf (1.9 sq m)
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – 8 ft - 8 in (2600 mm) minimum
Floor – \2\ VCT /2/
Base – rubber
Walls – painted gypsum board
Ceiling – suspended acoustical ceiling tile (ACT)
Trim – \2\ none /2/
Lockset – passage
Mechanical
Heating, occupied – 68 degrees F (20 C); maintained – 55 degrees F (13 C)
Cooling, occupied – 78 degrees F (25 C); maintained – ambient
Ventilation – comply with ASHRAE 62.1; exhaust with local control for
microwave
Electrical
Lighting – 50 fc
Receptacles – convenience duplex; dedicated 20A for appliances; GFCI duplex
at sink
Voice/data – wall-mounted phone
Furniture
Folding tables and plastic shell stack chairs
Equipment
\3\ Bulletin board
Marker board /3/
Special features or considerations
Refrigerator and microwave are part of construction contract
Counter with upper and lower cabinets and two-compartment sink
\3\ Recycle center to support at least three items/3/
Verify with Tenants if they will provide large coffee maker
4-2.43
Mechanical
4-2.43.1 Mechanical space for HVAC equipment and ductwork will be distributed
through the building for efficient operation of the mechanical systems.
4-2.43.2 The main mechanical space should have double doors to the exterior for
convenient access for maintenance and repair.
4-2.43.3 Space Design Information
General/Code
Size – \2\ 9% /2/ times authorized bldg. functional area or as required
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Electrical
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4-2.44
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Occupancy – business
Occupancy count – not occupied; typically 1 person per 300 sf (27.9 sq m)
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – varies
Floor – concrete, sealed
Base – none
Walls – sealed and painted CMU; painted gypsum board as an alternative
Ceiling – none, paint structure
Trim – none
Lockset – storeroom; entrance at exterior door
Mechanical
Heating – 55 degrees F (13 C)
Cooling – sufficient to remove excess equipment heat
Ventilation – sufficient to satisfy combustion air and cooling requirements; one
air change per hour minimum
Electrical
Lighting – 30 fc
Receptacles – convenience duplexes
Voice/data – wall phone
Furniture
\2\ Lateral file for O&M manuals /2/
Equipment
Special features or considerations
Connections to flow switches, tamper switches, and fire alarm
Ordinary hazard sprinklers
Floor drains for relief valves and condensate, hose bibb, eyewash if water
treatment chemicals in room
Power and data connections for computer if energy management control
system
4-2.44.1 The authorization for electrical space is intended to provide the main electrical
distribution room, but electrical closets or panels may be located throughout the building
for efficient operation of the facility. Space for the closets will have to come out of hide.
4-2.44.2 It is preferred that the main electrical room be dedicated, and not share space
with mechanical equipment.
4-2.44.3 Space Design Information
General/Code
Size – 360 sf (33.5 sq m))
Occupancy – business
Occupancy count – not occupied; typically 1 person per 300 sf (27.9 sq m)
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4-2.45
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Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height –
Floor – concrete, sealed
Base – none
Walls – sealed and painted CMU; painted gypsum board as an alternative
Ceiling – none, paint structure
Trim – none
Lockset – storeroom
Mechanical
Heating – 55 degrees F (13 C)
Cooling – ventilate sufficient to remove excess equipment heat
Ventilation – sufficient to maintain suitable temperatures for equipment
Electrical
Lighting – 30 fc
Receptacles – convenience duplexes
Voice/data – wall phone
Furniture
Equipment
Electrical service equipment
Special features or considerations
Main ground bar
Ordinary hazard sprinkler
Avoid routing water piping above electrical equipment
Circulation
4-2.45.1 Typical widths for main corridors are 6 ft and 8 ft (1800 mm and 2400 mm) to
allow two people abreast to circulate comfortably without body contact. Secondary
corridors may be reduced in width.
IN
4-2.45.2 Corridors should be planned to be a maximum of 150 feet straight in one
direction. Consider changing corridor direction and providing views to adjacent spaces
or an exterior scene. Permanent wall-mounted fixtures such as drinking fountains or fire
extinguishers must not project into the corridor.
4-2.45.3 \3\ Stairs shall be constructed with steel frame work with steel pans for
concrete treads and landings. All aspects of the stair design shall meet all code
requirements. Stair treads shall receive rubber treads with nosings and landings shall
receive rubber flooring materials./3/
4-2.45.4 Space Design Information
General/Code
Size – varies
Occupancy – business
Occupancy count – 1 person per 100 sf (9.3 sq m)
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Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – 8 ft - 8 in (2600 mm) minimum
Floor – VCT; carpet \2\tile/2/ as an alternative in more formal and administrative
areas \3\ with low foot traffic /3/
Base – rubber
Walls – painted gypsum board \2\/2/; painted CMU as an alternative in more
utilitarian spaces
Ceiling – suspended acoustical ceiling tile (ACT)
Trim – wall and corner guards
Lockset – varies; may include hold-opens
Mechanical
Heating, occupied – 68 degrees F (20 C); maintained – 55 degrees F (13 C)
Cooling, occupied – 78 degrees F (25 C); cooling, maintained – ambient
Ventilation – comply with ASHRAE 62.1
Electrical
Lighting – 20 fc
Receptacles – convenience duplex
Voice/data – pay phones if requested by Tenants
Furniture
If space allows, seating areas with lounge chairs
Trophy cases, display cases, bulletin boards
Equipment
Special features or considerations
Electric water coolers for each floor, minimum
Consider concealed sprinkler heads for esthetics
USAR does not want vinyl wall covering in circulation spaces due to difficulty of
repair
\3\
4-2.46 Stairs
IN
4-2.46.1 Stairs shall be constructed with steel frame work with steel pans for concrete
treads and landings. Design stairs with proper rise and run with required landings. Provide exterior exit and area of refuge to support code application. Primary stairs shall
receive rubber floor on steps and landings with secondary stairs being sealed concrete.
4-2.46.2 Space Design Information
General/Code
Size – varies
Occupancy – business
Occupancy count – 1 person per 100 sf (9.3 sq m)
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – 8 ft - 8 in (2600 mm) minimum
Floor – rubber
Base – rubber
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4-2.47
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Walls – painted gypsum board; painted CMU as an alternative in more utilitarian
spaces
Ceiling – suspended acoustical ceiling tile (ACT)
Trim – wall and corner guards
Lockset – varies; may include hold-opens
Mechanical
Heating, 55 degrees F (13 C)
Cooling, occupied – 80 degrees F (27 C); cooling, maintained – ambient
Ventilation – comply with ASHRAE 62.1
Electrical
Lighting – 20 fc
Receptacles – convenience duplex
Furniture
Equipment
Special features or considerations
Consider concealed sprinkler heads for esthetics
USAR does not want vinyl wall covering in circulation spaces due to difficulty of
repair
Ceremonial stairs will be conditioned similar to the spaces served
SIPRNET Cafe
4-2.47.1 This room provides space for secure/SIPRNET communications as mission or
training cycle demands, in lieu of bringing SIPRNET to individual desktops. The Café is
intended to operate during normal business hours, not 24/7, with closed storage. In
Reserve Centers without SIPRNET missions, this space may be used for other
purposes during those times when SIPRNET equipment is not installed.
IN
4-2.47.2 The preferred location for the Café is at a ground floor point central to the
Army Reserve units and personnel in the facility. It is also desirable that the Café is
adjacent to the TER to minimize backbone requirements, and adjacent to any other
secure communications spaces for efficiency of security and oversight. In a facility with
a General Officer, functional and operational efficiency may dictate a location adjacent
to the command suite.
4-2.47.3 Design and construct the room in accordance with “secure room” construction
requirements of AR 380-5. Some provisions are listed below, but must be verified with
AR 380-5 to assure they are current and complete. When constructed in accordance
with AR 380-5, the room will meet definitions of both secure room and controlled access
area (CAA). Provide both a combination lock and a supplemental card-key system. The card-key locking system must be dedicated for the Café only, separate from other
card-key locking systems for the facility, and must comply with AR 380-5.
4-2.47.4 Provide for an intrusion detection system (IDS) to monitor the Café. The IDS
system serving an Arms Vault in the facility may be extended to the Café, and shall
incorporate the card-key system. For IDS provisions required, see Individual Space
Criteria for Arms Vault and AR 380-5.
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4-2.47.5 The Cafés are designated as small or large; provide size as indicated below. For CAA-certified facilities with population over 1000, provide space for one large Café
plus additional small space increments as appropriate for population. All Army Reserve
facilities are non-CAA facilities unless otherwise designated by USARC G3.
Small
Large
CAA facilities with full-time staff ≤ 400
Non-CAA facilities 1 Battalion or more than 5 Companies
CAA Facilities with full-time staff ≤ 1000
Non CAA facilities Brigade and higherr
Figure 4-33
Typical Small SIPRNET Cafe
IN
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Figure 4-34
Typical Large SIPRNET Cafe
4-2.47.6 Space Design Information
IN
General/Code
Size – small = 250 SF (14 sq m), and large = 400 SF (51.1 sq m)
Occupancy – business
Occupancy count – varies depending on size of room
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 49
Ceiling height – 10’ (3050 mm) minimum height to structure
Floor – carpet tile
Base – rubber
Walls – painted gypsum board or painted CMU from true floor to structure
above constructed in accordance with AR 380-5
Ceiling – painted gypsum board
Trim – none
Lockset – GSA-approved combination lock meeting Federal Specification FF-L2740A and FF-L-2890A (LKM7000), plus supplemental card-key reader
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Mechanical
Heating – Occupied maintain 68º F (20º C): unoccupied maintain 55º F (13º C)
Cooling – maintain 78º F (13º C)
Ventilation – comply with ASHRAE 62.1
Electrical
Lighting – 50 fc (540 lux)
Receptacles – See Chapter 3
Voice/data – SIPRNET distribution and drop to each workstation, plus two
unclassified data drops and one telephone drop in room for Secure
Telephone Equipment (STE)
Furniture
Six computer desks for small room, 10 for medium room and 20 in large room
– computer desks are 36 inches (915 mm) wide by 30 inches (765 mm)
deep, with shelf, keyboard tray with mouse pad, and mobile CPU cart
Verify tables or stands for USARC provided equipment
Equipment
Verify fax machines, safes, servers, secure files, encryption devices, secure
telephones and similar items specific to the operation of the Café to be
provided by USARC, not the project.
Special features or considerations
Walls and ceiling must be constructed to offer resistance to and show evidence
of attempted unauthorized entry. Wall studs and gyp board must extend
from floor to structure above.
Door must be solid-core wood or metal. Hinge pins of out-swinging doors must
be pinned, brazed or spot-welded to prevent removal. Do not provide
windows in this space.
Mechanical, electrical and other openings into this space must be smaller than
96 square inches, or must be hardened in accordance with MIL HDBK
1013/1A. Do not route utilities or other infrastructure not associated with
this space through this space.
Provide doorbell or buzzer in Café, with activating button outside space entry
door
Extend SIPRNET data line in PDS from Café to one conference or classroom,
and to COMSEC space if one is authorized for facility
Verify weight of equipment to determine appropriate design floor loads
Provide power, conduit and boxes for a Government-provided IDS system.
Users and security personnel normally prefer no windows in this space. If
windows are provided, comply with requirements of AR 380-5.
4-2.48
EOC - Emergency Operations Center
Refer to Army Reserve IT Manual for EOC spaces. The Army Reserve IT
Manual is available at www.lrl.usace.army.mil/ed2/default.asp?mycategory=212./3/
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4-3ORGANIZATIONAL MAINTENANCE SHOP
4-3.1
Shop Office
4-3.1.1 The shop office provides space for the performance of administrative
functions relating to dispatch records, maintenance records and scheduling.
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Figure 4-35
Shop Office
IN
4-3.1.2 The location of the shop office should provide maximum visibility of workbays,
and Tenants generally desire that the offices overlook the workbays, either through a
window or a door. The designers must be aware of the requirements of NFPA 70 Article
511 requiring that communicating areas adjacent to workbays be classified as Class 1
locations. A non-operable window is preferable for visibility. Any door should not open
directly into the workbays, unless the requirements of NFPA 70 Article 511 are met.
4-3.1.3 NFPA 101 requires that no other spaces exit through the workbays; if the
office area requires two exits, an exit corridor must be provided as well as a direct exit.
4-3.1.4 Access must be provided from the shop office to the workbay area as well as
to the exterior of the building.
4-3.1.5 \3\ Shop offices with Unit Common areas shall match paragraph 4-2.3 with
the exception that the floor material shall be VCT in lieu of carpet tile.
4-3.1.6
Space Design Information
General/Code
Size – varies
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4-3.2
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Occupancy – business
Occupancy count – 1 person per 100 sf (9.3 sq m)
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – 8 ft - 8 in (2600 mm) minimum
Floor – VCT \2\/2/
Base – rubber
Walls – painted gypsum board; painted CMU as an alternative
Ceiling – suspended acoustical ceiling tile (ACT)
Trim – \2\ coat rack mounted on wall behind the door /2/
Lockset – office or classroom
Mechanical
Heating, occupied – 68 degrees F (20 C); maintained – 55 degrees F (13 C)
Cooling, occupied – 78 degrees F (25 C); maintained – ambient
Ventilation – comply with ASHRAE 62.1
Electrical
Lighting – 50 fc
Receptacles – convenience and computer duplexes - \2\ If no separation from
workbays per NFPA 70 Article 511, no electrical within 18 in (460 mm) of
floor /2/
Voice/data – two voice/data outlets at each workstation
Furniture
Same as full-time offices above except it should be darker or textured finish for
easier maintenance
Equipment
Special features or considerations
\2\ Male and Female Toilets /2/
IN
Figure 4-36
Unisex Toilet
4-3.2.1 \3\ The toilet authorization for the OMS is typically
sufficient for separate male and female toilet rooms. Where
only a unisex toilet is authorized provide a toilet, urinal and
sink. The designer should strive to meet accessibility
requirements even though the OMS has an exception when it
is occupied by only able-bodied military personnel./3/
4-3.2.2 Space Design Information: See Section 4-2.38 above.
4-3.3 Tools and Parts Storage Room
4-3.3.1 This space is the storage and issue area for spare
parts and tools, especially mechanics’ tool sets and
organizational maintenance sets.
4-3.3.2 The Tenants typically want the tools and parts areas of this room separated
by caging or a hard wall, and may want the two areas further divided by caging for an
individual unit’s use. The designer should verify whether a Dutch door with shelf, or
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sliding window, is required for issue of parts and tools, and whether one or more
workstations are desired in the room.
4-3.3.3 Steel shelving units are typically provided under the construction contract,
and some floor space is typically left open for storage of larger items. The designer
should verify the Tenants’ shelving requirements.
4-3.3.4
Space Design Information
IN
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Figure 4-37
General/Code
Tools and Parts Storage
Size – 96 sf (8.9 sq m) per authorized workbay
Room
Occupancy – low hazard storage
Occupancy count – not occupied; typically 1
person per 300 sf (27.9 sq m)
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height –
Floor – sealed concrete \2\; or VCT as
alternative /2/
Base – none if CMU; rubber if gypsum board
Walls – painted CMU; painted gypsum board as
an alternative
Ceiling – exposed structure, painted
Trim – \2\ none /2/
Lockset – storeroom
Mechanical
Heating, occupied – 68 degrees F (20 C);
maintained – 55 degrees F (13 C)
Cooling - none
Ventilation – ventilate if workstation located here
Electrical
Lighting – 30 fc
Receptacles – convenience duplexes; computer duplex if automated inventory
Voice/data – wall voice receptacle; data receptacle if automated inventory
Furniture
Workbench with laminate top and stool provided upon Tenant’s request
Equipment
Open shelving
Special features or considerations
Ordinary hazard sprinklers
4-3.4
Storage Room
4-3.4.1 This space is provided for storage of ancillary equipment issued with vehicles,
including operators’ vehicle maintenance tools, canvas, canvas bows, seats,
sideboards, etc. It is best located adjacent to tools and parts storage, and may be
divided with caging for units.
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4-3.4.2 \3\ Steel shelving units are typically provided under the construction contract,
and some floor space is typically left open for storage of larger items. The designer
should verify the Tenants’ shelving requirements. /3/
4-3.4.3
Space Design Information
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General/Code
Size – 96 sf (8.9 sq m) per authorized workbay
Occupancy – low-hazard storage
Occupancy count – not occupied; typically 1 person per 300 sf (27.9 sq m)
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height –
Floor – sealed concrete
Base – none if CMU; rubber if gypsum board
Walls – painted CMU; painted gypsum board as an alternative
Ceiling – exposed structure, painted
Trim – \2\ none /2/
Lockset – storeroom
Mechanical
Heating – 55 degrees F (13 C)
Cooling – none
Ventilation – ventilate if workstation located here
Electrical
Lighting – 30 fc
Receptacles – convenience duplexes; computer duplex if automated inventory
Voice/data – wall voice receptacle; data receptacle if automated inventory
Furniture
Equipment
Open shelving
Special features or considerations
Ordinary hazard sprinklers
4-3.5
Special Equipment Alcove
4-3.5.1 The Tenants typically have equipment such as tire changers, balancers, etc.,
which is in frequent use, but cannot be located within the maintenance bays. An
authorization of 200 sf (18.6 sq m) is provided to accommodate this equipment. The
designer should locate this alcove off the workbay area where this equipment can be
permanently located, convenient to the workbays and with sufficient space for operation
of the equipment.
4-3.5.2 Space Design Information: Refer to the space design information for the
workbays; this space is treated as an integral part of the workbays, and the space
design should be the same.
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4-3.6
Battery Room
4-3.6.1 Battery rooms are no longer authorized for an OMS; for exceptions, see
information in paragraph 4-5.9.
4-3.7
Flammable Storage
4-3.7.1 This space is provided for storage of petroleum-based lubricants, paints,
solvents, etc. for use in the OMS. Due to the volatile nature of the contents, it will have
exterior access only, and CMU wall to structure or a concrete ceiling.
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4-3.7.2 The room should have a depressed well under a metal grate floor for collection of any spills: no drain. The well should be sloped to allow convenient suction
of spills at a low point. The well should be capable of containing 150% of the stored
materials; verify likely amount of stored materials with Tenants.
4-3.7.3 Some steel shelving is typically provided, with some floor area left open for
larger containers.
Figure 4-38
Flammable
Storage
4-.3.7.4 \2\ OSHA requires emergency eyewash and
showers where an employee’s eyes or body could be
exposed to injurious corrosive materials. For that reason, this
space is typically located with ready access to an emergency
eyewash and shower unit in the maintenance bay. Where
ready access to an emergency eyewash and shower is not
available, a unit should be installed. The requirement can be
waived, where the Building Owner thoroughly documents that
no injurious corrosive materials will be stored in this space./2/
Space Design Information
General/Code
Size – varies
Occupancy – high hazard storage
Occupancy count – not occupied; typically 1 person
per 300 sf (27.9 sq m)
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height –
Floor – sealed concrete below metal grate
Base – none
Walls – painted CMU
Ceiling – \2\ fire rated /2/
Trim – none
Lockset – entrance
Mechanical
Heating - 40 degrees F (4.4 C); explosion proof hot water or electric heater
IN
4-3.7.5
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4-3.8
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Cooling - none
Ventilation – \2\ 6 AC/HR, 1 cfm/ft2 (5 l/s/m2)) or 150 CFM (4 m3/min) whichever
is greatest. Inlets and outlets located 12” above \3\ top of slab /3/
positioned as far apart as practicable, to provide air movement across
all portions of the floor. Fans shall be explosion/spark proof. Ventilation
system shall be tied to lights unless dispensing activities are planned for
space. If dispensing Class I fluids is planned for the space, continuous
ventilation shall be provided and shall have an airflow switch or other
equally reliable method that is interlocked to sound an audible alarm upon
failure of the ventilation system, a pilot light by the light switch shall light
when fan is operating /2/
Electrical
Lighting – 10 fc; minimum of two explosion-proof fluorescents on exterior
weatherproof pilot-lighted exterior switch. Provide low temperature
ballasts.
Receptacles – none
Voice/data – none
Equipment
Open shelving
Special features or considerations
Extra hazard sprinklers; dry system in north
Open grating aluminum flooring over spill-collection basin
\3\ Design room to NEC Article 501 and 511 for a Class I Division II location /3/
Controlled Waste Storage
4-3.8.1 This space is provided for storage of waste materials or items for
environmental protection, while awaiting recycling or other disposal. Due to the nature
of the contents, it will have exterior access only, and CMU wall to structure or a concrete
ceiling.
IN
4-3.8.2 The room should have a depressed well under a metal grate floor for
collection of any spills. The well should be sloped to allow convenient suction of spills
at a low point: no drain. The well should be capable of containing 150% of the stored
materials; verify likely amount of stored materials with Tenants.
4-3.8.3 Some steel shelving is typically provided, with some floor area left open for
larger containers.
4-.3.8.4 \2\ OSHA requires emergency eyewash and showers where an employee’s
eyes or body could be exposed to injurious corrosive materials. For that reason, this
space is typically located with ready access to an emergency eyewash and shower unit
in the maintenance bay. Where ready access to an emergency eyewash and shower is
not available, a unit should be installed. The requirement can be waived, where the
Building Owner thoroughly documents that no injurious corrosive materials will be
stored in this space./2/
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4-3.8.5
Space Design Information
Figure 4-39
Controlled Waste
Storage
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General/Code
Size – varies
Occupancy – high hazard storage
Occupancy count – not occupied; typically 1 person per
300 sf (27.9 sq m)
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height –
Floor – sealed concrete below metal grate
Base – none
Walls – painted CMU
Ceiling – \2\ fire rated /2/
Trim – none
Lockset – entrance; code may require panic
Mechanical
Heating - 40 degrees 4 (4.4 C); explosion proof hot
water or electric heater
Cooling - none
Ventilation – \2\ 6 AC/HR, 1 cfm/ft2 (5 l/s/m2)) or 150 CFM (4 m3/min) whichever
is greatest. Inlets and outlets located 12” above \3\ top of slab /3/
positioned as far apart as practicable, to provide air movement across
all portions of the floor. Fans shall be explosion/spark proof. Ventilation
system shall be tied to lights unless dispensing activities are planned for
space. If dispensing Class I fluids is planned for the space, continuous
ventilation shall be provided and shall have an airflow switch or other
equally reliable method that is interlocked to sound an audible alarm upon
failure of the ventilation system, a pilot light by the light switch shall light
when fan is operating /2/
Electrical
Lighting – 10 fc; minimum of two explosion-proof fluorescents on exterior
weatherproof pilot-lighted exterior switch. Provide low temperature
ballasts.
Receptacles – none
Voice/data – none
Equipment
Open shelving
Special features or considerations
Extra hazard sprinklers; dry system in north
Open grating aluminum flooring over spill collection basin
\3\ Design room to NEC Article 501 and 511 for a Class I Division II location /3/
4-3.9
Workbays
4-3.9.1 The workbay provides space for training and for the performance of services
and repairs of assigned equipment (mobile and stationary). There are two basic types of
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workbay configurations, single access and drive-through double access. Drive-through
workbays should be included whenever possible; two workbays end to end, with an
overhead door at the opposite ends.
4-3.9.2 The workbays are the heart of the OMS. The other support areas are
normally located as closely adjacent to the workbays as possible under the exiting
requirements of NFPA 101; consider locating most of them off a corridor into the
workbay, with the other end of the corridor as their exit path. The functional layout
should allow for the future addition of workbays, if possible.
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4-3.9.3 Water runoff from workbay cleaning operations will be collected in a trench
drain located inside the overhead door and emptied into a grease/oil separator
connected to the sanitary sewer. Designer should verify environmental requirements for
drainage with USAR Installation, and local codes and regulations
4-3.9.4 Welding is typically not authorized in an OMS. If authorized, a code-compliant
hood or room must be provided. Comply with NFPA 70 Article 511 and NFPA 51B; a
welding room would require double doors with a vestibule between if it opens to the
workbays. If welding is not authorized, no provisions will be provided for meeting this
requirement. The designer should verify power requirements.
4-3.9.5 The workbays typically are taller than the other OMS supporting spaces with
a 4.3 m (14 ft) minimum clear height, resulting in differing roof and wall heights for the
two areas. In instances where it becomes more economical to construct the OMS with
one roofline, use of the area above the ancillary shop spaces for additional storage and
mechanical equipment space is discouraged. The designer must verify required clear
workbay height with Tenants’ vehicle sizes. \3\ The maintenance bay interior walls from
finish floor to roof deck should receive durable material to resist the harsh treatment
associated with a shop environment. The interior wall finish should be concrete,
concrete masonry units or other painted material approved by the Project Officer./3/
IN
4-3.9.6 The basic dimensions of the workbays are 20 ft (6.1 m) wide by 40 ft (12.2 m) long, which includes circulation space along the 20 ft (6.1 m) width. End workbays are
authorized an additional 4 ft (1.2 m) of width on their outboard side to provide circulation
space. Trench drains are located approximately 5 ft (1500 mm) from the exterior wall,
and the floor slopes 3 in (75 mm) to them as shown below.
4-3.9.7 Concrete aprons serve as outdoor workbays, especially for portable hydraulic
hoists, and will be 36 ft (11 m) in depth.
4-3.9.8 Vehicle exhaust drops should be located in each workbay. The drops must be
of sufficient flexibility and length, and have appropriate terminations to adequately serve
the units’ vehicles.
4-3.9.9 Designers should pay particular attention to coordination of systems in the
space above the workbays. Lights, space conditioning, exhaust drops, power/light reels,
overhead doors, etc., compete for space and must be coordinated for space
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functionality. \3\ When practical allow natural light into the workbays./3/
4-3.9.10 Overhead workbay doors are typically 16 ft by 14 ft (4900 mm wide by 4300
mm high) \3\ coiling steel with powered door operation/3/. Provide 6-inch diameter
concrete filled with a concrete dome top, heavy weight steel protective bollards inside
and outside of overhead door jambs and at corners of OMS buildings adjacent to traffic
paths.
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4-3.9.11 An air sweep exhaust for the entire work area should be located \2\ under /2/
\3\ 12 in (300 mm) /3/ above the floor \2\ to effectively remove vapor accumulations/2/.
\3\ The entire floor area of the workbays and areas adjoining the workbays to a level
18 inches (450 mm) above the floor should be designed as Class 1, Division 2 spaces
per NFPA 70 Article 511 and NFPA 30A since the air sweep system is not to be run
continuously. A continuously pressurized vestibule between the workbays and adjoining
spaces or an 18 inch elevation change up to the adjoining spaces will negate the need
to design adjoining spaces as Class 1, Division 2 spaces. Compliance with NFPA 70
Article 511 is necessary since the workbays could be utilized to maintain equipment
utilizing diesel and/or volatile flammable liquids (gasoline) for fuel or power. Compliance
with NFPA 30A is required since Class I liquids are handled in the workbay. Sweep
ventilation must be run at a minimum of 1 cfm/sf or 4 air changes per hour when
flammable liquids are being used in the occupied workbays, placarding shall be used to
ensure compliance. Presently, the Army Reserve does not maintain equipment utilizing
flammable gases but this could change in the future./3/
IN
Figure 4-40
Workbays
4-3.9.12 An air compressor will be contractor-furnished and installed, and will normally
be located in the mechanical room with a quick disconnect outlet in each workbay.
4-3.9.13 A service sink, and drinking fountain will be provided in the workbay area. \2\
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Provide at least one eyewash/deluge shower in the workbay area./2/ Hose bibbs will be
provided in each workbay, contractor-furnished and installed.
4-3.9.14 Overhead cranes are not typically authorized for an OMS; see 4-5.2.2 for
overhead crane information, if authorized.
4-3.9.15 Space Design Information
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\2\ General/Code
Size – varies; base workbay is 800 sf (74.3 sq m)
Occupancy – repair garage; typically no fueling or welding
Occupancy count – 1 person per 300 sf (27.9 sq m)
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height – 14 ft (4300 mm) minimum clear
Floor – sealed concrete
Base – none
Walls – painted CMU
Ceiling – none, paint structure
Trim – none
Lockset – entrance
Mechanical
Heating - 68 degrees F (20 C); maintained - 55 degrees F (13 C)
NOTE: \3\ In climates exceeding 5,000 degree days, hydronic in-floor heating
should be provided. Where in-floor heating cannot provide sufficient
heat or rebound, utilize overhead infrared radiant heating or temporarily
adjust delivery temperature of make-up air unit. In-floor heating should be
coordinated with concrete slab on grade./3/
Cooling – none
Ventilation – comply with ASHRAE 62.1
Electrical
Lighting – 50 fc; \3\ high efficiency flourscents or /3/ pendant 250W pulse start
halide with wide distribution and acrylic lens
Receptacles – GFCI duplex receptacles at columns and on walls at 48 in
(1220 mm) AFF
Voice/data – voice/data outlets in each bay
Ground - Provide a static ground receptacle readily available for each bay
Furniture
\1\ Workbenches with metal tops (One workbench per 20 ft x 40 ft workbay.)/1/
\3\ Designer - verify with Tenant if freestanding or built-in benches are
preferred /3/
Equipment
Trouble light/power reel in each bay
Special features or considerations
Carbon monoxide detectors
Ordinary hazard sprinklers
Design grade-supported slabs to comply with UFC 3‑310‑02A and
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4-3.10
Mechanical/Electricall
4-3.10.1 Separate spaces are provided for the location of electrical panels, telephone
equipment, water heaters, heating equipment, air compressors, and storage of
maintenance equipment and supplies. Codes and Tenant preference may require
separate rooms for telephone and/or electrical systems. Access may be exterior only.
4-3.10.2 Space Design Information
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General/Code
Size – varies
Occupancy – low hazard storage
Occupancy count – not occupied; typically 1 person per 300 sf (27.9 sq m)
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height –
Floor – concrete
Base – none
Walls – painted CMU; painted gypsum board as an alternative
Ceiling – none; paint structure
Trim – none
Lockset – entrance
Mechanical
Heating – 55 degrees F (13C)
Cooling –ventilate sufficient to remove excess equipment heat
Ventilation – sufficient to remove excess equipment heat and to provide
combustion air; one air change per hour minimum
Electrical
Lighting – 30 fc
Receptacles - Convenience duplex
Voice/data – none
Equipment
Air compressor for workbay
Open shelving
Special features or considerations
Connections to flow switches, tamper switches, and fire alarm
Power and data connections for computer if energy management control
system
Ordinary hazard sprinklers
Floor drains for relief valves and condensate, hose bibb, eyewash if water
treatment chemicals in room
Verify with Tenants any special connections for equipment
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4-3.11
Information Technology
4-3.11.1 This space authorization is required to provide an IT hub for the OMS, with
connection typically back to the training center network operations center. This may be
part of a telephone room, and is sometimes located within the shop office in an out-ofthe-way corner.
4-3.11.2 Designer should coordinate the equipment requirements with the USAR
Installation and Tenants.
4-3.11.3 Space Design Information
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\3\ Refer to Army Reserve IT Manual for IT spaces. The Army Reserve IT
Manual is available at www.lrl.usace.army.mil/ed2/default.asp?mycategory=212./3/
\3\
4-3.12 Custodial/Janitorial
4-3-12.1 This space may be collocated within the maintenance bay/equipment alcove.
4-3.12.2 Space Design Information: See Section 4-2.23 above. /3/
4-4
UNHEATED STORAGE (UHS)
4-4.1
An unheated storage building is provided for storage of equipment and
supplies that do not require a controlled climate. These buildings are typically simple
pre-engineered metal buildings, but may be designed to match other buildings in the
facility if the project budget allows. One or more personnel doors and one or more
overhead doors are typical; the standard overhead door size is 8 ft by 8 ft (2450 mm by
2450 mm. These buildings are not considered warehouses, and are not typically
designed with recessed truck docks, or to accommodate material handling equipment.
IN
4-4.2
The interior space is also typically quite simple: concrete floor, unfinished
walls, service-level lighting and convenience duplex outlets. A telephone may be
provided for communications with the other buildings. No offices or other spaces are
included. \3\ Provide sufficeint insulation under the roof deck to prevent condensation
dripping on the interior content./3/ Normally, no sprinklers, plumbing, or HVAC are
provided. \3\ Design should provide louvers to support natural convection and heat
removal from the building. Per UFC 3-600-01 sprinklers shall be added if the building is
over 5,000 SF ( 465 sq m)./3/
4-4.3
The Tenants may wish to divide the space with caging to provide space for
individual units, and may also want individual doors. Storage cages and shelving may
also be required, along with open space for palletized storage.
4-4.4
The space allocation for unheated storage is sometimes added to another
building for functionality reasons. If this occurs, this space remains without climate
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control. Designers should be aware that the other building may require fire sprinklers,
and must address separation of the spaces accordingly.
4-4.5
If a pre-engineered building is used, provide applicable design loads and
prepare performance specification. Structural design will incorporate details and loads
from any pallet rack systems. Special consideration should be made for frost protection
in cold weather geographical areas.
4-5
AREA MAINTENANCE SUPPORT ACTIVITY (AMSA)
4-5.1
General
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4-5.1.1 The ancillary shop areas for AMSA, such as the shop offices, tool rooms,
flammable storage, battery rooms, mechanical rooms, custodial areas and workbays
are similar to those of OMS in functional requirements; therefore, refer to the OMS
individual space criteria in Section 4-3 above for these AMSA spaces.
4-5.1.2 An AMSA, due to its full-time staff and maintenance mission, is also
authorized spaces and equipment not found in an OMS. These additional spaces are
described below.
4-5.2
AMSA Workbays
4-5.2.1 There is one major difference between the OMS and AMSA (or DS/GS)
workbays: an AMSA (or DS/GS) is authorized a crane. The crane typically covers the
majority of workbays; it may not cover them entirely, but covers the bulk of the
workspace.
IN
4-5.2.2 The typical crane is a 7.5 ton (6.8 metric ton), single-girder, top-running
crane, equipped with a low-headroom, bottom-running trolley with a wire rope hoist.
Structural columns with a supporting haunch must be strategically placed to support the
crane girder and rail, which supports the bridge crane. The maximum span of the bridge
crane itself will be 60 ft (18,000 mm). It is not economically feasible to span the entire
80 ft (24,000 mm) width of the building. Verify clear hook height required with the
Tenants, based on the equipment they service. \2\ Note that this lift height will be limited
to a maximum of 18 ft (5,400 mm) for the standard structural eave height of 24 ft
(7,200 mm)./2/ Some units servicing heavier equipment may require a crane with a
larger lifting capacity.
4-5.2.3 The crane will be Class C, moderate service CMAA Duty Classification.
Provide push button pendant \2\ control station with strain-reliever chain or cable
permanently attached to the hoist frame and integral with pendant conductor cable /2/.
Minimum and maximum speeds: hoist 15 fpm (.076 m/s) and 25 fpm (.127 m/s); trolley
45 fpm (.229 m/s) and 75 fpm (.381 m/s); and bridge 75 fpm (.381 m/s) and 150 fpm
(.762 m/s). Provide warning horn and light when crane is in motion, and warning alarm
and light when crane malfunctions or is overloaded. \3\ Provide positioning sensors on
the bridge crane to shut down the infrared heaters when the crane is directly
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underneath the heater(s). Coordinate control systems to allow other infrared heaters in
the area to compensate and maintain proper heating levels in the area./3/
4-5.2.4 Space Design Information – see OMS workbays, Section 4-3.9 above. See
4‑3.9.4 if welding is authorized.
4-5.3
Small Arms Shop and Vault
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4-5.3.1 The shop and vault provide space for the repair and storage of small arms
such as rifles, machine guns, grenade launchers, etc. The shop should be located
adjacent to the arms vault with access to the vault through the shop, similar to the
armorer’s and arms vault spaces in a training center.
Figure 4-41
Small Arms Repair Room with Arms Vault
A 110 volt continuous power strip should be provided over the work benches.
IN
4-5.3.2
4-5.3.3 Construction of the vault must be in compliance with AR 190-11. See Section
4-2.12 for additional vault design information.
4-5.3.4 Space Design Information: Refer to arms vault and armorer’s room, Sections
4‑2.12 and 4‑2.13 above. Provide air conditioning.
4-5.4
Supply
4-5.4.1 This space is provided for the storage, receipt and issue of spare parts for
AMSA maintenance and operations. It is a part of the tools and parts room, but should
be separated from the tools and parts with standard caging.
4-5.4.2 Space Design Information: Same as OMS tools and parts storage, Section
4‑3.3 above.
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4-5.4.3 A supply office may be provided adjacent to the supply space. The design
criteria are the same as those for an OMS office space, Section 4‑3.1 above.
4-5.5
Electrical/Communications Repair
4-5.5.1 This space is provided for the repair and storage of supported units’
communications equipment.
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4-5.5.2 Space Design Information: Same as armorer’s room, Section 4-2.13 above.
Provide air conditioning, provide continuous 110V power strip above workbench, and
provide a 28-volt DC power plug strip above the workbench for testing equipment after
repairs. Provide static-dissipative VCT flooring.
Figure 4-43
Break Area
Figure 4-42
Electric / Comm. Repair
4-5.6
Breakroom
IN
4-5.6.1 This is a multipurpose space for employee relaxation and meals, and to
conduct classroom training activities. It should be located adjacent to the toilets and
locker rooms, and should include a drinking fountain.
4-5.6.2 \1\ Space Design Information: Same as training center break area, Section
4‑2.42 above except use plastic shell seat and back sled-base stacking chairs without
upholstery./1/
4-5.7
Male and Female Locker Rooms
4-5.7.1 These spaces will be used by the full-time, civilian maintenance technicians
to store street clothing and to change. They should be located with the breakroom and
toilets.
4-5.7.2 One locker will be provided for each authorized AMSA position. Designer
should consider providing a few extra lockers for each sex to anticipate staff turnover.
The lockers should be heavy-duty steel athletic-type, 15 in wide by 18 in deep by 72 in
tall (380 mm wide by 460 mm deep by 1830 mm tall).
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4-5.7.3
above.
Space Design Information: Same as training center lockers, Section 4-2.40
4-5.8
Male and Female Toilets and Showers
4-5.8.1 Toilets and showers are provided for the use and convenience of the
personnel, and should be located with the breakroom and lockers.
4-5.8.2 Space Design Information: Same as training center toilets and showers,
Section 4-2.38 above.
Battery Room
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4-5.9
4-5.9.1 This space is provided for servicing, charging, and storage of lead-acid
batteries. The designer may find that the Tenants no longer service or charge batteries,
and simply store them for short periods before exchange or after delivery. Unless
otherwise directed by the Using Service, the room should be designed for full battery
operations, in case the situation changes in the future. If this space opens into the
workbays, the requirements of NFPA 70 Article 511 apply.
4-5.9.2 Battery shelving is provided under the construction contract, and is typically of
redwood, cedar or fiberglass, along the side of the room opposite the door. The shelves
are usually tiered from front to back, with the lowest shelf at (18 in) 460 mm AFF.
4-5.9.3
A hose bibb will be provided. No floor drain will be provided.
IN
4-5.9.4 \3\ Provide an electrical interlock
system for the battery room exhaust fan/
receptacle power wiring to eliminate the
possibility of an explosion in the battery room
caused by someone plugging a battery charger
into a live receptacle in a room filled with
explosive gas. The system shall include the
following:
Figure 4-44
Battery Room and Toilet
- Light switch on outside of the
battery room shall energize the
lights and exhaust fan in the room
simultaneously. This switch shall have
a pilot light to be lit when the switch is
in the on position.
- Within the duct for the exhaust fan
provide a sail switch that shall be
connected to the receptacle power
wiring.
- Interlock battery room exhaust fan sail switch with battery charger
receptacles to deactivate and prevent charging upon loss of airflow./3/
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4-5.9.5
Provide eyewash/deluge showers inside and outside the door to the room.
4-5.9.6
Space Design Information
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General/Code
Size – varies
Occupancy – high hazard storage
Occupancy count – not occupied; typically 1 person per 300 sf (27.9 sq m)
Architectural/Interiors
Minimum STC rating – 40
Ceiling height –
Floor – sealed concrete
Base – none
Walls – painted CMU
Ceiling – none, paint structure
Trim – none
Lockset – storeroom
Mechanical
Heating – 55 degrees F (13 C)
Cooling – none
Ventilation – explosion proof exhaust to keep hydrogen gas below 5%
concentration; consider a hood above batteries
Electrical
Lighting – 20 fc; explosion-proof, fluorescent fixtures on pilot-lighted switch
outside room
Receptacles – see special features below
Voice/data – none
Furniture
Workbench with laminate top and stool provided upon Tenant’s request
Equipment
Battery shelving
Special features or Considerations
Continuous metal raceway with duplex receptacles at 24 in (600 mm) o.c.
above battery racks; sail switch connection to ventilation
Ordinary hazard sprinklers
4-6
DIRECT SUPPORT/GENERAL SUPPORT (DS/GS)
4-6.1
Direct support and general support (DS/GS) maintenance shops will be built
only in support of a unit whose mission is DS/GS maintenance. This level of
maintenance activity requires more specialized repair, calibration equipment, and highly
skilled repairmen. The missions of specific units vary widely. Consequently, a standard
design or even a functional space breakdown has not been developed for DS/GS units.
4-6.2
The project documents will define the specific functional area breakdown and
ancillary support equipment required for each DS/GS shop building. The Tenants will
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provide a precise definition concerning the various maintenance functions of the DS/GS
shop and the actual and perceived relationship between the various functions. The
functional and physical requirements of the support facilities must be fully defined to
ensure correct design and layout.
4-6.3
DS/GS shops are rarely built separately from a United States Army Reserve
Center (USARC); therefore, they will normally be built as a part of an OMS or as an
addition to an existing OMS. If the facility’s site has sufficient area, it may be more
functional and economical to build a separate structure.
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4-6.4
The nature of the DS/GS shop operations require that all space be exclusive
use. Therefore, the DS/GS shop will usually only share a central HVAC unit, a common
wall, access/egress and toilet facilities with the OMS or OMS/AMSA.
4-6.5
Support facilities for a DS/GS will be defined in the project documents for a
specific project and may include a small MEP area, outside storage, covered storage
and an adjacent concrete apron pad for location and operation of mobile maintenance
shop trucks and vans. The design criteria for standard areas such as the shop office,
tool room, battery room, flammable storage and workbays are the same as those for the
OMS. Special maintenance areas, such as tent repair, sheet metal shop, paint shop,
welding shop, etc., will be provided as required by the project documents.
4-7
DEPLOYABLE MEDICAL SETS (DEPMEDS)
4-7.1
A DEPMEDS area is an exterior space allocated for Reserve units with
Deployable Medical Sets: collapsible structures used to create a medical theater in the
field. For mission essential equipment training (MEET), an area of 40,000 sf
(3,720 sq m) is authorized.
IN
4-7.2
The DEPMEDS area is typically provided with an aggregate surface, security
fencing, and exterior lighting similar to the MEP. The security fence should have both
personnel and vehicle gates. Utility provisions typically include power, water, stormwater
provisions to drain the area, and a graywater connection to a sanitary sewer. The
Tenants will provide and install grounding rods for their equipment as a part of their
training. All the DEPMEDS equipment is provided by the Tenants.
4-8
WAREHOUSE
4-8.1
An USAR warehouse (WHS) is a building to accommodate a USAR unit with
a full-time supply function in support of other USAR units or maintenance shops. No
standard design or functional space breakdown has been developed for warehouses, as
their size and specific functions and capabilities may vary.
4-8.2
The project documents will define the specific functional area breakdown and
ancillary support equipment required for each warehouse. The Tenants will provide
further definition concerning the various storage and supply functions of the warehouse,
and the actual and perceived relationship between the various functions. The functional
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and physical requirements of the support facilities must be fully defined to ensure
correct design and layout.
4-8.3
Unlike an unheated storage building, a warehouse is likely to have raised or
depressed loading docks with typical dock accessories such as dock levelers, dock
bumpers, and seals. The dock and dock doors should be sized to accommodate the
vehicles which will utilize it, as well as material handling equipment, if the Tenants have
such equipment.
4-8.4
Shelving, pallet racking, and similar systems should be provided to fit the
Tenant’s needs.
IN
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4-8.5
A Hands-on-Training Warehouse (HOT WHS) is for training USAR units to
support ongoing Army missions or activities. As with a warehouse, the designer must
work with the Tenants to define the program for the HOT WHS.
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APPENDIX A
References
\2\ A-1 REFERENCES: References listed below without dates indicate that the latest
version/revision will be used. The following references are directly referenced in this
design guide:
GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS:
Non Department of Defense Government Agency
ADAAG
Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines http://www.access-board.gov/
DCID 6/9
18 November 2002 - Physical Security Standards for
Sensitive Compartmented Information Facilities - http://www.
dami.army.pentagon.mil/site/sso/regs.aspx
EO 13123
Executive Order - Greening the Government Through
Efficient Energy Management - http://www.archives.gov/
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1.
EPA-840-B-92-002 January 1993 - Guidance Specifying Management Measures
for Sources of Nonpoint Pollution in Coastal Waters - http://www.epa.gov/OWOW/NPS/MMGI/index.html
Federal Specification AA-V-2737
Modular Vault Systems - www.dsp.dla.mil
Federal Specification FF-L-2740
Locks, Combination - www.dsp.dla.mil
IN
UFAS
2.
Uniform Federal Accessibility Standards (FED‑STD‑795) www.dsp.dla.mil
Department of Defense
UNIFIED FACILITIES CRITERIA (UFC) - http://www.wbdg.org/ccb/browse_cat.
php?o=29&c=4
UFC 1-200-01
General Building Requirements
UFC 1-110-03
Roofing
UFC 3‑120‑01
Air Force Sign Standard
UFC 3‑210‑05FA
Landscape Design and Planning Criteria
UFC 3‑230‑10A
Water Supply: Water Distribution
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Structural Load Data
UFC 3‑310‑02A
Structural Design Criteria for Buildings
UFC 3‑320‑06A
Concrete Floor Slabs on Grade Subjected to Heavy Loads
UFC 3-400-01
Energy Conservation
UFC 3-400-02
Design: Engineering Weather Data
UFC 3-410-01FA
Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning
UFC 3-420-01
Plumbing Systems
UFC 3-420-02FA
Compressed Air
UFC 3-450-01
Noise and Vibration Control
UFC 3-600-01
Fire Protection Engineering For Facilities
UFC 4-010-01
DoD Minimum Antiterrorism Standards for Buildings
UFC 4-021-01
Design and O&M: Mass Notification Systems
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UFC 3-310-01
MILITARY HANDBOOK (MIL HDBK) - www.hnd.usace.army.mil/techinfo/support.htm
MIL HDBK 1012/3 Telecommunications Premises Distribution - Planning,
Design, and Estimating
2.1 Department of the Army
IN
ARMY REGULATIONS (AR) - www.usapa.army.mil/USAPA_PUB_search_P.asp
AR 140-483
Army Reserve Land and Facilities Management
AR 190-11
Physical Security of Weapons, Ammunition and Explosives
AR 190-13
The Army Physical Security Program
AR 190-16
Physical Security
AR PAM 415-3
Economic Analysis: Description and Methods
AR 420-10
Management of Installation Directorates of Public Works
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ENGINEER TECHNICAL LETTER (ETL) - www.hnd.usace.army.mil/techinfo/engpubs.
htm
Procurement of Energy Efficient Liquid Chillers
ETL 1110-3-446
Revision of Thrust Block Criteria in TM 5-813-5/AFM 88-10,
Vol 5, Appendix C -- Note TM 5-813-5 is now
UFC 3-230-10A this ETL applies to the UFC.
ETL 1110-3-465
Design & Construction of Water Meters & Appurtenances at
New Army Facilities
ETL 1110-3-466
Alternatives for Secondary Treatment at Central Vehicle
Wash Facilities
ETL 1110-3-481
Containment and Disposal of Aqueous Film-Forming Foam
(AFFF) Solution
ETL 1110-3-484
Aircraft Hangar Fire Protection Systems
ETL 1110-3-485
Fire Protection for Helicopter Hangars
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ETL 1110-1-181
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION (TI) - www.hnd.usace.army.mil/techinfo/engpubs.htm
TI 800-01
Design Criteria
TECHNICAL MANUALS (TM) - www.hnd.usace.army.mil/techinfo/engpubs.htm
TM 5-810-6
Nonindustrial Gas Piping Systems
TECHNICAL BULLETINS (TB)
IN
TB 55-46-1
Standard Characteristics (Dimensions, Weight, and Cube)
for Transportability of Military Vehicles and Other Outsize/
Overweight Equipment (in TOE line item number sequence
www.tea.army.mil/ (Permission required from web site to
view publications)
2.1.1 Headquarters United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE)
USACE Army LEED Implementation Guide” (https://eko.usace.army.mil/_kd/go.cf
m?destination=)ShowItem&Item_ID=47308
2.1.2 Army Reserve Support Team Documents www.lrl.usace.army.mil/ed2/default.
asp?mycategory=212
USAR Design Process and Submittal Requirements
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Army Reserve IT Manual - Information Technology Design and Construction
Guide
USAR Tailored Specifications for SpecsIntact
USAR Tailored Specifications for Design Build Contracts
USAR Design Build Instruction Manual
2.1.3 USACE Louisville District Documents www.lrl.usace.army.mil/ed2/default.
asp?mycategory=212
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Louisville District Tailored Specifications for SpecsIntact
Fire Protection/Life Safety Code Submittal
NON-GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS:
1.
American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
1801 Alexander Bell Drive
Reston, VA 20191-4400
Ph: 703-295-6300 - 800-548-2723
Fax: 703-295-6222
E-mail: [email protected]
Internet: http://www.asce.org
ASCE 7
American Society of Heating Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineers
(ASHRAE)
Atlanta, GA 30329
Ph: 800-527-4723 or 404-636-8400
Fax: 404-321-5478
E-mail: [email protected]
Internet: http://www.ashrae.org
IN
2.
Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures
ASHRAE 62.1
Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality
ASHRAE 90.1
Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential
Buildings
ASHRAE Hndbks Four Volume Set including Fundamentals, Refrigeration,
HVAC Applications, and HVAC Systems and Equipment
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4.
International Code Council (ICC), Incorporated
5203 Leesburg Pike, Suite 708
Falls Church Virginia 22041-3401
Ph: 703-931-4533
Fax: 703-379-1546
E-mail: [email protected]
Internet: http://www.iccsafe.org
IBC
International Building Code
IPC
International Plumbing Code
Illuminating Engineering Society (IES)
120 Wall Street, 17th Floor
New York, NY 10005
Ph: 212-248-5000
Fax: 212-248-5017
E-mail: [email protected]
Internet: http://www.iesna.org
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3.
IES Lighting Application Guide
IES Lighting Reference Guide
5.
National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA)
1300 North 17th Street, Suite 1847
Rosslyn, VA 22209
Ph: 703-841-3200
Fax: 703-841-5900
E-mail: [email protected]
Internet: http://www.nema.org
IN
NEMA WD 1
6.
General Color Requirements for Wiring Devices
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)
1 Batterymarch Park
Quincy, MA 02169-7471
Ph: 617-770-3000
Fax: 617-770-0700
E-mail: [email protected]
Internet: http://www.nfpa.org
NFPA 10
Portable Fire Extinguishers
NFPA 13
Installation of Sprinkler Systems
NFPA 30A
Code for Motor Fuel Dispensing Facilities and Repair
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Garage
NFPA 70
National Electrical Code (NEC)
NFPA 72
National Fire Alarm Code
NFPA 96
Ventilation Control and Fire Protection of Commercial
Cooking Operations
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Fire Prevention During Welding, Cutting, and Other Hot
Work
NFPA 101
Life Safety Code
NFPA 780
Installation of Lightning Protection Systems
Telecommunications Industry Association/Electronic Industries Alliance (TIA/EIA)
Electronic Industries Alliance (EIA)
2500 Wilson Boulevard
Arlington, VA 22201-3834
Ph: 703-907-7500
Fax: 703-907-7501
Internet: http://www.eia.org
TIA/EIA-568-B
Commercial Building Telecommunications Cabling Standard
TIA/EIA-568-B.1
Commercial Building Telecommunications Cabling Standard
- Part 1: General Requirements
TIA/EIA-568-B.2
Commercial Building Telecommunications Cabling Standard
- Part 2: Balanced Twisted Pair Cabling Components
TIA/EIA-568-B.3
Optical Fiber Cabling Components Standard
TIA/EIA-569-B
Commercial Building Standard for Telecommunications
Pathways and Spaces
TIA/EIA-607
Commercial Building Grounding and Bonding Requirements
for Telecommunications /2/
IN
7.
NFPA 51B
166
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
APPENDIX B
Acronyms and Military Rank Designations
B-1.1
The Army Reserve frequently uses acronyms. Here is a list of those most
commonly used. See website http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/doddict
Architect/engineering
Asphalt concrete
Assistant Chief of Staff for Installation Management- Operations
Division Reserve
ACT
Acoustical ceiling tile
ADA-AG
Americans with Disabilities Act - Accessibility Guidelines
AFFF
Aqueous Film Forming Foam
AGCCS
Army Global Command Control System
AMSA
Area maintenance support activities
AR
Army Regulation OR Army Reserve
ASCE
American Society of Civil Engineers
ASHRAE
American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning
Engineers
AT/FP
Antiterrorism/Force Protection
BIM
Building Information Model or Building Information Modeling
BMAR
Backlog of maintenance and repair
BMP
Best management practices
BOD
Beneficial occupancy date
BRAC
Base Realignment and Closure
CAC
Common Access Card
CAD
Computer-aided design
CATV
Cable access television
CCTV
Closed circuit television
CCL
Construction cost limit
CE-R
Corps of Engineers Regulation
CFCI
Contractor-furnished/contractor-installed
CFM
Cubic Feet per Minute
CFR
Code of Federal Regulations
CK
Containerized Kitchen
CMU
Concrete Masonry Unit
COE
Corps of Engineers
COMSEC
Communications Security
CT
Current transformer
CWE
Current working estimate
DAAR-EN
Department of the Army, Army Reserve Engineering
Design AgencyCorps of Engineers and supporting architectural/ engineering firms
DIA
Defense Intelligence Agency
IN
AC
TI
VE
A/E
AC
ACSIM-ODR
167
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
IN
AC
TI
VE
B-1 CONTINUED
Design/build
D/B
D/B/B
Design/bid/build
DCID
Director of Central Intelligence Directive
DDC
Direct digital controls
DDG
District design guide
DEPMED
Deployable medical
DoD
Department of Defense
DOT
Department of Transportation
DPW
Department of Public Works
DRC
Direct Reporting Command
DS/GS
Direct support and general support (maintenance shop)
EA
Environmental assessment
EBS
Environmental baseline survey
ECS
Equipment concentration site or Entry Control System
EF
Entrance Facility
EFS
Engineering Feasibility Study
EPA
Environmental Protection Agency
ETL
Engineering technical letter
FEMA
Federal Emergency Management Agency
FFR
Full Facility Restoration
FONSI
Finding of no significant impact
FPI
Federal Prison Industries
FPM
Feet per minute
GFCI
Government-furnished/contractor-installed or Ground-Fault Circuit
Interrupter
GFGI
Government-furnished/government-installed
GSA
Government Service Administration
HID
High intensity discharge (lighting)
HVAC
Heating, ventilating, and air conditioning
IDS
Intrusion detection system
IES
Illuminating Engineering Society
I-P
Inch-pound
IT
Information technology
LAN
Local area network
LCC
Life cycle cost
LCD
Liquid crystal display
LED
Light emitting diode
LEED-NC
Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design New Construction
and Major Renovations
LP
Lump sum
LRL
Louisville District, Corps of Engineers
M&R
Maintenance and repair
M-CACES
Military Computer-Aided Cost Estimating System
168
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
B-1 CONTINUED
Military Construction Army Reserve
Modular Design System
Military equipment parking area
Military Construction
Mobile Kitchen Trailer
Minor Military Construction Army Reserve
Military occupational specialty
Modification Table of Organization and Equipment
National Aeronautics Space Administration
U.S. Naval Facilities Engineering Command
National Bureau of Standards
National Electrical Code - NFPA 70
National Electrical Manufacturing Association
National Fire Protection Association
Network Operations Center
National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System
Office of the Corps of Engineers
Operation and Maintenance Army Reserve
Organizational maintenance shops
Other Program Army
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
Programmed amount OR Project architect OR Public address
Portland cement concrete
Protection factor
Provost Marshal Office
Privately-owned vehicles
Plant replacement value
Physical training
Reserve Component Automation System
Real Estate Planning Report
Request for proposal
Real Property Exchange
Regional Readiness Command (Previous used name for RSC prior to
BRAC 2005)
Regional Readiness Sustainment Command (BRAC 2005 term for
RSC)
Regional Support Command
Reserve Support Team
Secure compartmented intelligence facility
Square foot
Standard Generalized Markup Language
Single line digital control
Standing seam metal roof systems
IN
AC
TI
VE
MCAR
MDS
MEP
MILCON
MKT
MMCAR
MOS
MTOE
NASA
NAVFAC
NBS
NEC
NEMA
NFPA
NOC
NPDES
OCE
OMAR
OMS
OPA
OSHA
PA
PCC
PF
PMO
POV
PRV
PT
RCAS
REPR
RFP
RPX
RRC
RRSC
RSC
RST
SCIF
SF
SGML
SLDC
SSMRS
169
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
B-1 CONTINUED
VAV
VCT
WAN
WBS
SCIF Security Officer
Sound transmission coefficient
Telecommunications Equipment Room
Technical Bulletins
Training center
Technical Instruction
Technical manual
Telecommunications Room
Uniform Building Code
Uniform Federal Accessibility Standards
Unified Facility Guide Specifications
UFGS - Reserve Support Team
Federal Prison Industry
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
United States Army Reserve
United States Army Reserve Center
U. S. Green Building Council
Assistant Chief of Staff for Installation Management- Operations
Division Reserve (ACSIM-ODR)
Variable air volume
Vinyl composition tile
Wide area network
Work breakdown structure
AC
TI
VE
SSO
STC
TER
TB
TC
TI
TM
TR
UBC
UFAS
UFGS
UFGS RST
UNICOR
USACE
USAR
USARC
USGBE
Using Service
\3\
B-1.2
Staff Designations - The following designations are used in the United States
Armed Forces to designate different staff positions:
Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel
Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence
Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations and Plans
Deputy Chief of Staff for Logistics
Civil Affairs or Public Affairs Officer
Director of Information Systems for Command, Control,
Communications, and Computers (DISC4)
Joint Operations Staff Officer
Deputy Chief of Staff for Programs
IN
G-1
G-2
G-3
G-4
G-5
G-6
G-7
G-8
The “G” designation is used for Army Reserve Headquarter level positions. At lower
command levels the “G” designations are replaced by “S” designations.
/3/
170
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
B-2 MILITARY RANK DESIGNATIONS
B-2.1 Military rank is frequently referred to by pay grade designations; such
designations are listed below with their applicable rank insignia \2\
OFFICER RANKS
Abbreviation
Name
O1
Second
Lieutenant
2LT
O2
First
Lieutenant
1LT
Insignia
AC
TI
VE
Pay Grade
Captain
CPT
O4
Major
MAJ
O5
Lieutenant
Colonel
LTC
O6
Colonel
COL
O7
Brigadier
General
BG
O8
Major General
MG
O9
Lieutenant
General
LTG
O10
General
GEN
IN
O3
Pay Grade
W1
Name
Warrant
Officer
WARRANT OFFICER RANKS
Abbreviation
WO1
W2
Chief Warrant
Officer
CW2
W3
Chief Warrant
Officer
CW3
W4
W5
Chief Warrant
Officer
Chief Warrant
Officer
CW4
CW5
171
Insignia
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
B-2 CONTINUED
ENLISTED RANKS
Abbreviation
PV1
Name
Private
E2
Private
PV2
E3
Private First Class
PFC
E4
Corporal / Specialist
CPL/ SPC
E5
Sergeant
SGT
E6
Staff Sergeant
SSG
E7
Sergeant First Class
SFC
E8
Master Sergeant /
First Sergeant
MSG / 1SG
E9
Sergeant Major /
Command Sergeant
Major
SGM / CSM
IN
/2/
Insignia
(No Insignia)
/
AC
TI
VE
Pay Grade
E1
172
/
/
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
APPENDIX C
OMAR-Funded Items
C-1
General
C-1.1
\1\ Operations and Maintenance, Army Reserve or OMAR funding for furniture
and collateral equipment associated with newly constructed Army Reserve training
facilities must be identified well in advance of project execution for budgetary purposes.
Physical fitness equipment will be funded at the same time as furniture, as Government
furnished/ Government-installed (GFGI) equipment./1/
IN
AC
TI
VE
C-1.2 \1\ MCAR funding in general applies to items permanently attached to the
structure which cannot be relocated to other facilities for easy reuse. Items that can be
moved and reused with relative ease are considered collateral equipment and, as such,
will be OMAR -funded. OMAR- funding associated with Contractor Furnished /
Contractor Installed (CFCI) collateral equipment \3\ must comply with the “Bona-Fide
Need Rule”. Generally speaking OMAR CFCI items must be installed within 180 days of
item procurement; this will require option items with long bid acceptance periods. Certain items such as the telephone server/switch, metal lockers and caging (unit
storage, arms vault and too and parts storage areas) which require a lengthy submittal
process and that are made to order can have a longer delay between procurement and
installation then items that are just placed. In considering the time required for long bid
acceptance the Project Delivery Team (PDT) should consider award date, construction
duration, lead time to procure items, and submittal requirements. The bid documents
(specifications and drawings) must clearly define what is OMAR-funded collateral
equipment and which line item it will be funded under. The bid form shall also narratively
define what constitutes OMAR Collateral Equipment to be funded at or shortly after the
time of award and what is to be awarded within six months of BOD. Bona-fide Need
Rule does apply to Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) projects. /3/ The furniture
and physical readiness equipment will be funded approximately six months prior to
beneficial occupancy date (BOD) as Government Furnished / Government Installed
(GFGI) items. /1/
C-2 CFCI OMAR - Funded Items
C-2.1 \3\ CFCI OMAR Funded Items - Funded at or near time of construction award
• Metal Lockers
• Caging for unit storage, arms vault, and tool and parts storage areas /3/
C-2.2
\3\ CFCI “Bona Fide Need” OMAR Items - Awarded within six months of BOD
C-2.2.1 Kitchen Equipment • Silver soak sink
• Warming cabinet
• Mixer
• Mixer stand
173
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
AC
TI
VE
C-2 CONTINUED
• Work Tables, Mobile
• Hot food well
• Cold food well
• Slicer
• Table food preparation with pot & pan rack
• Can opener
• Refrigerator
• Freezer
• Mobile security rack
• Shelving (Freestanding)
• Tray bussing racks, double
• Coffee urn
• Dispenser, cup and glass
• Dispenser, silverware/tray
C-2.2.2 Arms Vault dehumidifier
C-2.2.3 Freestanding metal shelving included in caged storage areas
C-2.2.4 Shelving and palette racks in unheated storage areas
C-2.2.5 Break Room refrigerators and microwaves
C-2.2.6 Fire extinguishers and window blinds
C-2.2.7 Exterior ash/trash /3/
C-3
\1\ GFGI OMAR-Funded Items,( Funded six months prior to BOD)
IN
C-3.1
All furniture (pre-wired panel-based systems furniture, metal desk-based
furniture, seating, and freestanding furniture such as casegoods, filing cabinets, trash
bins, etc., will require separate design and pricing breakout by phase, if applicable, in all
project submittals)
C-3.2
Physical fitness equipment (part of the furniture design and pricing) /1/
C-3.3
\3\Telephone server/switch and telephone handsets (Note: conduit, cableling,
trays, and racks are CFCI MCAR funded). Telephone server/switch and telephone
handsets are funded under OMAR funding and coordinated by Army reserve G-2/G-6. Coordination with Army Reserve G-2/G-6 to ensure the project is in the Reserve
Component Automation system (RCAS) program will have to be made by the Project
Manager.
C-4
Updates: Check the Army Reserve Customer Web Site for possible updates
at www.lrl.usace.army.mil/ed2/default.asp?mycategory=212./3/
174
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
APPENDIX D
Sample 1390, 1391, AND 5034R - Functional Space Detail
D Sample 1390
FY 2002 GUARD AnD ReseRVe
MILItARY ConstRUCtIon
1. COMPONENT
AR
2. DATE
Jul 01
4. AREA CONSTR
COST INDEX
3. INSTALLATION AND LOCATION
Eldridge-Harrington USARC,Conway, AR
0.87
5. FREQUENCY AND TYPE UTILIZATION
-
1 weekends/month
2 nights/week
AC
TI
VE
Reservist
Full-Time Personnel
-
5 days/week
6. OTHER ACTIVE.GUARD/RESERVE INSTALLATIONS WITHIN 15 MILE RADIUS
7. PROJECTS REQUESTED IN THIS PROGRAM
CATEGORY
CODE
171
PROJECT TITLE
SCOPE
AR Center/OMS/AMSA/Unh Strg
0 SF
(DESIGN STATUS)
COST
($000)
START
COMPLETE
5,630
N/A
N/A
8. STATE RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES BOARD RECOMMENDATION
Facilities identified in item 6 have been examined by the 05 Oct 2000
(Date)
Joint Service Reserve Component Facility Board for possible
joint use/expansion. The board recommends unilateral construction.
9. LAND ACQUISITION REQUIRED
None
0
(Number of Acres)
FISCAL
YEAR
COST
($000)
IN
10. PROJECTS PLANNED IN NEXT FOUR YEARS
None
DD Form 1390s/1, MAY 78
Page
175
1
of 2
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
D Sample 1390 Continued
FY 2002 GUARD AnD ReseRVe
MILItARY ConstRUCtIon
1. COMPONENT
AR
2. DATE
Jul 01
4. AREA CONSTR
COST INDEX
3. INSTALLATION AND LOCATION
Eldridge-Harrington USARC,Conway, AR
11. PERSONNEL STRENGTH AS OF
0.87
29 Apr 2005
PERMANENT
OFFICER
TOTAL
GUARD/RES
ENLISTED
CIVILIAN
TOTAL
OFFICER
ENLISTED
6
0
4
2
107
5
102
ACTUAL
6
0
4
2
66
3
63
AC
TI
VE
AUTHORIZED
12. RESERVE UNIT DATA
ASGD/AUTH
STRENGTH
62%
UNIT DESIGNATION
AUTHORIZED
ACTUAL
489 EN BN CO B (CBT COR
107
66
Totals
107
66
AUTHORIZED
ACTUAL
Wheeled Vehicles
20
12
Trailers
23
14
Tracked Vehicles
19
12
Totals
62
38
13. MAJOR EQUIPMENT AND AIRCRAFT
TYPE
14. OUTSTANDING POLLUTION AND SAFETY DEFICIENCIES
($000)
0
Air Pollution
Water Pollution
Safety and Occupational Health
IN
0
0
DD Form 1390s/2, MAY 78
Replaces DD Form 1390S, DEC 76, WHICH IS OBSOLETE
176
Page
2
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UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
D Sample 1391
1. COMPONENT
AR
2. DATE
FY 2002 MILItARY ConstRUCtIon PRoJeCt DAtA
3. INSTALLATION AND LOCATION
4. PROJECT TITLE
Eldridge-Harrington USARC
Conway,AR
5. PROGRAM ELEMENT
AR Center/OMS/AMSA/Unh Strg
6. CATEGORY CODE
7. PROJECT NUMBER
171
0532292A
Jul 01
8. PROJECT COST ($000)
CAR 02-10317
5,630
9. COST ESTIMATES
ITEM
U/M
QUANTITY
COST
($000)
UNIT COST
3798
AC
TI
VE
PRIMARY FACILITIES:
Training Building (22,617 SF)
Maintenance Building (5,454 SF)
Unheated Storage (536 SF)
Land
Antiterrorism/Force Protection
SUPPORTING FACILITIES:
Site Improvement
Information Systems
Parking Area (6,751 SY)
Fencing (700 LF)
Antiterrorism/Force Protection
Utilities
SF
SF
SF
AC
LS
22,617
5,454
536
10
-
102.08
108.19
67.66
83,200.00
-
(
(
(
(
(
LS
LS
SY
LF
LS
LS
6,751
700
-
32.58
20.05
-
(
(
(
(
(
(
2309)
591)
37)
832)
29)
TOTAL CONSTRUCTION COST
Contingencies (5.0%)
Supervision and Administration (5.7%)
1274
681)
175)
220)
15)
8)
175)
5072
254
304
5630
TOTAL PROJECT COST
Equipment Funded Other Appropriations
(Non-Add)
(
685)
IN
10. DESCRIPTION OF PROPOSED CONSTRUCTION
Construct a 100-member U.S. Army Reserve Training Center (USARC), an
Unheated Storage Building, and a two-workbay Area Maintenance Support
Activity (AMSA)/Organizational Maintenance Shop (OMS). Buildings will
be of permanent construction with reinforced concrete foundations,
concrete floor slabs, structural steel frames, masonry veneer walls,
standing seam metal roof, HVAC systems, plumbing, mecahnical systems,
security systems, and electrical systems. Supporting facilities
include land clearing, paving, fencing, general site improvements, and
extension of utilities to serve projects. Force protection (physical
security) measures will be incorporated into design including maximum
standoff distance from roads, parking areas, and vehicle unloading
areas; berms, heavy landscaping, and bollards to prevent access when
standoff distance cannot be maintained.
AIR CONDITIONING: 211 kws (55 Tons)
DD
FORM
1 DEC 76
Page
1391
177
1
of3
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
D Sample 1391 Continued
2. DATE
1. COMPONENT
FY 2002 MILItARY ConstRUCtIon PRoJeCt DAtA
AR
Jul 01
3. INSTALLATION AND LOCATION
Eldridge-Harrington USARC
Conway,AR
5. PROJECT NUMBER
4. PROJECT TITLE
CAR 02-10317
AR Center/OMS/AMSA/Unh Strg
11. REQUIREMENT:
0 SF
Adequate:
0 SF
Substandard:
0 SF
AC
TI
VE
PROJECT: Construct a 100-member U.S. Army Reserve Training Center
(USARC), an Unheated Storage Building, and a two-workbay Area
Maintenance Support Activity (AMSA)/Organizational Maintenance Shop
(OMS). (Current Mission)
REQUIREMENT: This project will provide facilities necessary to conduct
and support training of the reserve components by replacing the
existing government-owned 1959 vintage facility located on leased land.
This project includes construction of a 100-member training facility
with administrative areas, classrooms, library, learning center,
assembly hall, arms vault, and unit storage functions for one FSP Tier
1A Engineer Unit. The construction of the OMS shop consists of two
workbays and maintenance administrative areas to support 3 fulltime
mechanics and 1 maintenance administrative personnel. The project will
also provide adequate parking space for all military and privately owned
vehicles.
CURRENT SITUATION: The Eldridge-Harrington USARC, constructed in 1959,
consists of a government-owned 12,189 square feet training building,
and a 3,050 square feet maintenance building located on a three acre
nominal land lease from the Board of Trustees of the Arkansas State
Teachers College, now the University of Central Arkansas, that expires
in 2056. One Engineer Company and an AMSA Sub-Shop occupy the
facility. The current utilization rate is 168% for the training
building and 135% for the maintenance building. The site is completely
enclosed by the University campus prohibiting future expansion.
IN
IMPACT IF NOT PROVIDED: The Engineer Company would continue to train
in their current facilities. The operation of engineer equipment
disrupts the surrounding University resulting in negative community
impact. The overcrowded existing facilities do hamper in the training
and readiness of the unit.
ADDITIONAL: This project was coordinated with the 90th Regional
Support Command physical security plan and no force
protection/combating terrorism measures other than those required by
regulations and design guides for protecting Federal property are
included.
JOINT USE CERTIFICATION: The Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army
(Installations and Housing) certifies that this project has been
considered for joint use potential. This facility will be available for
use by other components.
DD
FORM
1 DEC 76
Page
1391c
178
2
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UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
D Sample 1391 Continued
1. COMPONENT
AR
2. DATE
FY 2002 MILItARY ConstRUCtIon PRoJeCt DAtA
Jul 01
3. INSTALLATION AND LOCATION
Eldridge-Harrington USARC
Conway,AR
5. PROJECT NUMBER
4. PROJECT TITLE
CAR 02-10317
AR Center/OMS/AMSA/Unh Strg
12. SUPPLEMENTAL DATA
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
AC
TI
VE
12. SUPPLEMENTAL DATA:
a. Estimated design data:
(1) Status:
(a) Date Design Started............................. /
(b) Percent Complete as of
...........
%
(c) Date Design 35% Complete........................ /
(d) Date Design Complete............................ /
(e) Parametric Cost Estimating Used to Develop Cost.
No
(f) An energy study and life cycle cost analysis will
be documented during the final design.
(g) Type of Design Contract..........
Basis:
(a) Standard or Definitive Design...................
No
(b) Where Design Was Most Recently Used...
N/A
Total Cost (c) = (a) + (b) or (d) + (e) :
($000)
(a) Production of Plans and Specifications..........
0
(b) All Other Design Costs..........................
0
(c) Total...........................................
0
(d) Contract........................................
0
(e) In-house........................................
0
Construction Award.................................... /
Construction Start.................................... /
Construction Completion............................... /
IN
b. Equipment associated with this project which will be provided from
other appropriations:
Equipment
Nomenclature
Furniture
Shelving
Fitness Equipment
Wire Partitions
Dehumidifier
IT SPT Equipment
Lockers
Fiscal Year
Appropriated or
Requested
Procuring
Appropriation
OMAR
OMAR
OMAR
OMAR
OMAR
OMAR
OMAR
Cost
($000)
2003
2002
2003
2002
2003
2003
2002
188
111
50
128
1
157
50
685
Total:
DD
FORM
1 DEC 76
Page
1391c
179
3
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UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
D Sample 5034-R
Project Number : 10317
Project Ttle : AR Center/OMS/AMSA/Unh Strg
Date: Jun 30, 2005
Functional space Details - Actual/ english
171 - training Building
Authorized
Approved
Existing
2,971
3,131
0
Memo
I. 171 - Training Buildings
AC
TI
VE
A. Administrative Areas
(1) Full Tme Office Space
360
360
0
X
(2) Unt Exclusive Space
270
270
0
X
1,311
1,311
0
X
X
(3) Unt Common-Use Space
(4) Retenton Office
250
250
0
(5) Famly Support Office
0
0
0
(6) Admn. Support Areas
300
460
0
(a) General
180
180
0
X
(b) Network OPS Center
120
280
0
X
0
0
0
480
480
0
B. Assembly Area
3,300
3,300
0
(1) Assembly Areas
3,000
3,000
0
X
300
300
0
X
0
0
0
D. Weapons Area
540
540
0
(1) Arms Vault
440
440
0
X
X
(c) Campus Center IT Closet
(7) Lobby Area
(2) Chair and Table Storage
C. Kitchen - STD. Design
(2) Armorer Work Area
X
100
100
0
1,730
1,730
0
(1) Classrooms
900
900
0
X
(2) Library Readng Room
300
300
0
X
IN
E. Educational Areas
(3) Library Storage
90
90
0
X
(4) Learning Center
150
150
0
X
90
90
0
X
(6) COMSEC Training
100
100
0
X
(7) COMSEC Storage
100
100
0
X
(8) USARF Instruction Room
0
0
0
(9) USARF Publication Storage
0
0
0
F. Storage Areas
3,157
3,157
0
(1) Unit/Individual Equipment Storage
1,988
1,988
0
(2) Stagng Area
199
199
0
X
(3) Supply Office
120
120
0
X
50
50
0
X
0
0
0
(5) Training Aids Storage
(4) Janitorial Storage
(5) Flammable Storage
180
X
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
D Sample 5034-R Continued
Project Number : 10317
Project Ttle : AR Center/OMS/AMSA/Unh Strg
Date: Jun 30, 2005
Functional space Details - Actual/ english
171 - training Building
Authorized
Approved
Existing
0
0
0
800
800
0
(6) Controlled Waste Storage
AC
TI
VE
(7) Facility Maintenance/Storage Area
G. Special Training Areas
Memo
X
1,100
2,525
0
(1) Weapons Simulator Room
0
0
0
(2) Photo Lab
0
0
0
(3) Band Room
0
0
0
(4) Medical Section Area
0
0
0
(5) Physical Exam Wng
0
0
0
(6) SCIF
0
0
0
(7) Sol Testing Lab
0
0
0
(8) G. O. Conference
0
0
0
(9) Drafting Room
0
0
0
1,100
1,100
0
(11) AGCCS
0
0
0
(12) Distant Learning Center
0
0
0
(13) Famly Support
0
200
0
X
(14) Weapons Smulat
0
1,225
0
X
(15)
0
0
0
0
0
0
3,493
3,635
0
(1) Mens Toilets & Showers
350
350
0
X
(2) Womens Toilets & Showers
225
225
0
X
1,100
1,100
0
X
48
48
0
(5) Break Area
218
218
0
X
(6) Electrical Space
100
100
0
X
(7) Demarcation Telephone Space
100
100
0
X
1,352
1,494
0
X
16,291
2,444
1,630
20,365
18,018
0
0
0
22,604
0
(10) Physical Readiness Area
(16)
IN
H. Support Area
(3) Locker Room
(4) Vendng Alcove
(8) Mechanical Room
Total Center Net Training Area
Circulation Allowance (15% or 22%)
Structural Allowance (10% of Net SF)
Total Center Gross Area
Outgranted Area
Total Center Available Gross Area
181
2,714
1,810
22,542
22,604
X
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
D Sample 5034-R Continued
Project Number : 10317
Project Ttle
: AR Center/OMS/AMSA/Unh Strg
Date
: Jun 30, 2005
Functional space Details - Actual/ english
171 - training Building
IA1
Full Tme Office Space ADMINISTRATIVE AREA, FULL TIME:
WRKCB0 is authorized three full tme personnel with administrative duties.
IA2
AC
TI
VE
3 FTS x 11.14 SM (360 SF) = 33.4 SM (360 SF)
Unt Exclusive Space ADMINISTRATIVE AREA, UNIT EXCLUSIVE:
WRKCB0: 1 CDR<06 x 13.9 SM (150 SF) = 13.9 SM (150 SF)
1 1SG
x 11.14 SM (120 SF) = 11.14 SM (120 SF)
TOTAL = 25.1 SM (270 SF)
IA3
Unt Common-Use Space ADMINISTRATIVE AREA, UNIT COMMON:
Unt requires 19 unt common spaces.
19 Unt Common x 5.57 SM (60 SF) x 1.15 (Circulation) = 121.8 SM (1,311 SF)
IA4
Retenton Office ADMINISTRATIVE AREA, RETENTION:
Normal authorization is 23.2 SM (250 SF). Retenton Office should be located near
the man entrance to the facility.
General ADMIN SUPPORT, GENERAL:
IN
IA6a
ALLOWANCE IS BASED ON THE TOTAL AUTHORIZED DRILLING STRENGTH
OF THE LARGEST DRILL WEEKEND. SIXTY SQUARE FEET IS AUTHORIZED
FOR EACH INCREMENT OR PORTION THEREOF OF 50 MEMBERS. SPACE IS
PROVIDED FOR COPIER, FAX, AND MAIL OPERATIONS. SHOULD BE
LOCATED NEAR ADMINISTRATIVE AREAS.
LARGEST DRILL WEEKEND HAS 107 SOLDIERS.
109 SOLDIERS/50 = 2.18=> 3 x 5.57 SM (60 SF) = 16.7 SM (180 SF)
IA6b
Network OPS Center ADMIN SUPPORT, RCAS:
References:
a. Memorandum, HQ USARC, AFRC-CIS-I, 22 July 1999, Subject: Information
Technology (IT) Requirements for Military Construction Army Reserve.
182
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
D Sample 5034-R Continued
Project Number : 10317
Project Ttle
: AR Center/OMS/AMSA/Unh Strg
Date
: Jun 30, 2005
Functional space Details - Actual/ english
171 - training Building
b. Memorandum, OCAR, DAAR-EN, 27 October 1999, Subject: Information
Technology Requirements n Design and Construction.
AC
TI
VE
IT services provided on-site will include:
Voice Communications (Telephone)
Logistics, and other, STAMIS Applications
Within the 1-4 FTUS site, all IT support equipment will be rack-mounted n climate
controlled facilities as IT Support Facilities. Recommended square footage for 1-4
FTUS IT Support Facilities are:
Network Operations Center (NOC) 14.9 SM (160 SF)
Electrical Closet
11.1 SM (120 SF)
TOTAL
26.0 SM (280 SF)
The Electrical Closet here is n addton to the normal authorization n Section H.(8).
IA7
Design and construction should comply with Reference a.
Lobby Area LOBBY AREA::
Normal authorization is 44.6 SM (480 SF).
IB1
Assembly Areas ASSEMBLY AREA: PROVIDES SPACE FOR TROOP FORMATIONS,
PERSONNEL ASSEMBLIES, FOOD SERVICE AND LARGE GROUP ASSEMBLIES
FOR INSTRUCTIONAL TRAINING.
IN
LOCATE ADJACENT TO THE UNIT SUPPLY, CHAIR AND TABLE STORAGE,
AND CLASSROOM AREAS.
PROVIDE 10' MINIMUM CEILING HEIGHT IN THE ASSEMBLY AREA TO
SUPPORT CLASSROOM TYPE TRAINING AND ASSEMBLY/DINING
REQUIREMENTS OF THE UNITS ASSIGNED TO THE CENTER. THE ASSEMBLY
AREA MAY HAVE A MOVEABLE PARTITION TO SUBDIVIDE THE ROOM INTO
EQUALLY SIZED ASSEMBLY AREAS.
IB2
Chair and Table Storage CHAIR & TABLE STORAGE: LOCATE ADJACENT TO THE ASSEMBLY AREA.
ID1
Arms Vault VAULT: VAULT SHOULD BE PROVIDED WITH ELECTRICAL AND PLUMBING
FOR A DEHUMIDIFIER. LOCATE ADJACENT TO THE STAGING AREA WITH
ENTRANCE TO THE VAULT THROUGH THE ARMORER AREA.
183
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
D Sample 5034-R Continued
Project Number : 10317
Project Ttle
: AR Center/OMS/AMSA/Unh Strg
Date
: Jun 30, 2005
Functional space Details - Actual/ english
171 - training Building
Armorer Work Area ARMORER: SHOULD BE PROVIDED WITH ENTRANCE TO VAULT THROUGH
THIS 9.3 SM (100 SF) AREA AND ADJACENT TO STAGING AREA.
IE1
Classrooms EDUCATIONAL AREAS, CLASSROOMS:
AC
TI
VE
ID2
CLASSROOMS ARE AUTHORIZED BASED ON THE TOTAL AUTHORIZED
DRILLING STRENGTH OF THE LARGEST DRILL WEEKEND.
109 SOLDIERS/50 = 2.18 -> 3.0 X 27.9 SM (300 SF) = 83.7 SM (900 SF) IS
AUTHORIZED FOR CLASSROOMS.
PROVIDE ONE 83.7 SM (900 SF) CLASSROOM WITH MOVEABLE PARTITION
TO SUBDIVIDE THE CLASSROOM INTO THREE 300 SF CLASSROOMS FOR
SMALLER GROUPS. PROVIDE HALLWAY ACCESS TO ALL CLASSROOMS.
LOCATE THE CLASSROOMS NEAR AN OUTSIDE ENTRANCE FOR EASY ACCESS
WITHOUT GOING THROUGH THE ADMINISTRATIVE AREA.
IE2
Library Readng Room EDUCATIONAL AREAS, LIBRARY READING ROOM:
ALLOWANCE IS BASED ON THE TOTAL AUTHORIZED DRILLING STRENGTH
OF THE LARGEST DRILL WEEKEND.
THE MINIMUM AUTHORIZED SPACE IS 27.9 SM (300 SF).
IN
THE LIBRARY READING ROOM SHALL BE DESIGNED TO ACCOMMODATE
READING/STUDY OR CLASSROOM/CONFERENCE ACTIVITIES. LAYOUT OF
THE LIBRARY READING ROOM, LEARNING CENTER, AND LIBRARY
STORAGE/REFERENCE ROOM SHALL BE SIMILAR TO THAT SHOWN ON PAGE
35 OF THE DESIGN GUIDE FOR U.S. ARMY RESERVE FACILITIES. LOCATE
ADJACENT TO THE LIBRARY STORAGE, LEARNING CENTER, AND TRAINING
AID STORAGE AREAS.
IE3
Library Storage EDUCATIONAL AREAS, LIBRARY STORAGE:
ALLOWANCE IS 10% OF TOTAL CLASSROOM SPACE.
83.6 SM (900 SF) X 10% = 8.4 SM (90 SF)
PROVIDE SHELVING TO STORE BOOKS, MANUALS, VIDEO TAPES, AND
EIGHT-INCH TECH TAPES IN THE LIBRARY STORAGE ROOM. LOCATE
ADJACENT TO THE LEARNING CENTER, LIBRARY READING ROOM, AND
TRAINING AID STORAGE AREAS.
184
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
D Sample 5034-R Continued
Project Number : 10317
Project Ttle
: AR Center/OMS/AMSA/Unh Strg
Date
: Jun 30, 2005
Functional space Details - Actual/ english
171 - training Building
IE4
Learning Center EDUCATIONAL AREAS, LEARNING CENTER:
AC
TI
VE
ALLOWANCE IS BASED ON THE TOTAL AUTHORIZED DRILLING STRENGTH
OF THE LARGEST DRILL WEEKEND.
109 SOLDIERS/50 = 2.18=> 3 x 4.64 SM (50 SF) = 13.9 SM (150 SF)
PROVIDE DUPLEX ELECTRICAL OUTLETS AT FOUR FOOT INTERVALS
ALONG THE WALLS FOR OPERATION OF CARRELS WITH COMPUTER
CONNECTIONS IN THE LEARNING CENTER. USE ONLY SINGLE, NOT
DOUBLE, CARRELS IN THE FURNITURE DESIGN. LOCATE NEAR THE LIBRARY
READING ROOM, LIBRARY STORAGE, AND TRAINING AID STORAGE AREAS.
IE5
Training Aids Storage EDUCATIONAL AREAS, TRAINING AIDS STORAGE:
ALLOWANCE IS 10% OF TOTAL CLASSROOM SPACE.
83.6 SM (900 SF) X 10% = 8.4 SM (90 SF)
PROVIDE SHELVING IN THE TRAINING AIDS STORAGE ROOM. LOCATE
ADJACENT TO THE CLASSROOMS.
IE6
COMSEC Storage COMSEC STORAGE: PROVIDE ONE 9.3 SM (100 SF) AREAS LOCATED
ADJACENT TO THE COMSEC STORAGE FOR THE UNIT AUTHORIZED.
IN
IE7
COMSEC Training COMSEC TRAINING: PROVIDE ONE 9.3 SM (100 SF) AREAS LOCATED
ADJACENT TO THE COMSEC STORAGE FOR THE UNIT AUTHORIZED.
IF1
Unit/Individual Equipment Storage UNIT/INDIVIDUAL EQUIPMENT STORAGE:
SUBDIVIDE INTO 2.4-METER BY 3.7-METER (8-FOOT BY 12-FOOT) CAGES
CONSTRUCTED OF WOVEN WELDED WIRE FABRIC. CAGING SHOULD BE
INSTALLED FROM FLOOR TO THE ROOF DECK OR FLOOR SLAB ABOVE. AISLES
AND VESTIBULES BETWEEN THE CAGED AREAS SHOULD BE KEPT TO A
MINIMUM.
18 CAGES @ 8.92 SM (96 SF) = 161 SM (1728 SF)
CIRCULATION @ 15% = 24 SM ( 260 SF)
TOTAL
= 185 SM (1988 SF)
IF2
Stagng Area STAGING AREA: Area will be 10% of the total individual storage area authorized.
185
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
D Sample 5034-R Continued
Project Number : 10317
Project Ttle
: AR Center/OMS/AMSA/Unh Strg
Date
: Jun 30, 2005
Functional space Details - Actual/ english
171 - training Building
Stagng area should have an exterior double door and adjacent to the supply office.
IF3
Supply Office SUPPLY OFFICE:
IF4
AC
TI
VE
One office of 11.15 SM (120 SF) is authorized for the fulltme supply persont. The
office should be located adjacent to the staging area and unt supply storage area.
Janitorial Storage STORAGE AREAS, JANITORIAL STORAGE:
AUTHORIZED ALLOWANCE IS 4.6 SM (50 SF) FOR STORAGE OF JANITORIAL
SUPPLIES AND EQUIPMENT.
IF7
Facility Maintenance/Storage Area STORAGE AREAS, FACILITY MAINTENANCE:
THE AUTHORIZED SIZE FOR THE FACILITY MAINTENANCE AREA IS 74.3 SM
(800 SF).
IG10
Physical Readiness Area SPECIAL TRAINING AREAS, PHYSICAL READINESS AREA:
ALLOWANCE IS BASED ON THE TOTAL AUTHORIZED DRILLING STRENGTH
OF THE LARGEST DRILL WEEKEND.
107 SOLDIERS/10 = 10.7=> 11 X 9.29 SM (100 SF) = 102.2 SM (1100 SF)
IN
A NEW PHYSICAL READINESS AREA NEAR THE NEW LOCKER ROOM
SHOULD BE CONSTRUCTED. THE EXISTING PHYSICAL READINESS AREA
CANNOT BE EXPANDED DUE TO BUILDING CONFIGURATION AND SHOULD BE
REMODELED AS THE BREAK ROOM AFTER CONSTRUCTION OF THE ADDITION.
IG13
-
Special Training Areas, Famly Support:
References:
a. Memorandum, USARC, DAAR-EN, 14 September 2000, Subject: Interim Change,
AR 140-483, Army Reserve Land and Facilities Management
A famly support office of 200 square feet (18.58 square meters) is authorized for all
centers for use of all units on their respective drill weekends, regardless of unt strength.
IG14
Special Training Areas, Weapons Simulator Room:
186
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
D Sample 5034-R Continued
Project Number : 10317
Project Ttle
: AR Center/OMS/AMSA/Unh Strg
Date
: Jun 30, 2005
Functional space Details - Actual/ english
171 - training Building
A weapons simulator room is authorized based on the Engagement Skills Trainer
(EST) Man Smulaton Unt (MSU) configuration issued to a facility. The EST 5-lane
Trainer is authorized area of 113.8 square meters (1225 square feet).
Mens Toilets & Showers SUPPORT AREA, MEN'S TOILETS AND SHOWERS:
AC
TI
VE
IH1
ALLOWANCE IS BASED ON 90% OF THE NUMBER OF PERSONNEL IN
ATTENDANCE DURING THE LARGEST DRILL WEEKEND.
16 SOLDIERS X 90% = 15 MEMBERS
FIRST INCREMENT OF 100
= 32.5 SM (350 SF)
TOTAL SPACE AUTHORIZED FOR MEN'S TOILETS AND SHOWERS = 32.5
SM (350 SF)
THE TOILET AND SHOWER WILL BE DESIGNED AND CONSTRUCTED
HANDICAP ACCESSIBLE.
IH2
Womens Toilets & Showers SUPPORT AREA, WOMEN'S TOILETS AND SHOWERS:
ALLOWANCE IS BASED ON 30% OF THE NUMBER OF PERSONNEL IN
ATTENDANCE DURING THE LARGEST DRILL WEEKEND.
16 SOLDIERS X 30% = 5 MEMBERS
IN
FIRST INCREMENT OF 100
= 20.9 SM (225 SF)
TOTAL AUTHORIZED FOR THE WOMEN'S TOILET AND SHOWERS = 20.9 SM
(225 SF)
THE TOILET AND SHOWER WILL BE DESIGNED AND CONSTRUCTED
HANDICAP ACCESSIBLE.
IH3
Locker Room SUPPORT AREA, LOCKER ROOM:
PROVIDE LOCKER ROOM FOR THE RESERVE UNITS. THE LOCKER ROOM
SHOULD BE LOCATED ADJACENT TO THE LATRINE FACILITIES.
ALLOWANCE IS BASED ON THE TOTAL AUTHORIZED DRILLING STRENGTH
OF THE LARGEST DRILL WEEKEND.
107 SOLDIERS/10 = 10.7=> 11 X 9.29 SM (100 SF) = 102.2 SM (1100 SF)
IH5
Break Area SUPPORT AREA, BREAK ROOM:
187
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
D Sample 5034-R Continued
Project Number : 10317
Project Ttle
: AR Center/OMS/AMSA/Unh Strg
Date
: Jun 30, 2005
Functional space Details - Actual/ english
171 - training Building
AUTHORIZED A 20.3 SM (218 SF) BREAK KITCHEN FOR THE FULL TIME STAFF
Electrical Space SUPPORT AREA, ELECTRICAL:
AC
TI
VE
IH6
AUTHORIZED SPACE IS NOMINAL. PROVIDE SPACE REQUIRED TO
ACCOMMODATE NECESSARY EQUIPMENT.
IH7
Demarcation Telephone Space SUPPORT AREA, TELEPHONE:
AUTHORIZED SPACE IS NOMINAL. PROVIDE SPACE REQUIRED TO
ACCOMMODATE THE TELEPHONE EQUIPMENT. PROVIDE CLIMATE CONTROL
(AC AND HEAT).
IH8
Mechanical Room SUPPORT AREA, MECHANICAL:
ALLOWANCE IS 9% OF TOTAL APPROVED ALLOWANCES FOR A THROUGH
H EXCLUDING H.(7).
IN
AUTHORIZED SPACE IS NOMINAL. PROVIDE MECHANICAL ROOM SPACE
AS REQUIRED BY THE EQUIPMENT USED TO HEAT AND COOL THE BUILDING
ALONG WITH OTHER NEEDED OR REQUIRED EQUIPMENT.
188
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
D Sample 5034-R Continued
Project Number : 10317
Project Ttle : AR Center/OMS/AMSA/Unh Strg
Date: Jun 30, 2005
Functional space Details - Actual/ english
214 - Maintenance - tank and Automotive
Authorized
Approved
Existing
746
866
0
Memo
V. 214 - Maintenance - Tank and Automotive
AC
TI
VE
A. Organizational Maintenance Shop (OMS)
(1) Shop Office
120
120
0
X
(2) Tool & Parts Room
192
192
0
X
(3) Storage Room
192
192
0
X
50
50
0
X
192
192
0
(6) REF MANUAL STOR
0
120
0
(7)
0
0
0
B. Area Maintenance Support (AMSA)
0
966
0
(1) Shop Office
0
240
0
X
(2) Locker Room
0
100
0
X
(3) Class Room/Break Area
0
0
0
X
(4) Tool Room
0
192
0
X
(5) Parts Room
0
192
0
X
(6) Library
0
0
0
(7) Battery Room
0
0
0
(8) Commo/Electronics Shop
0
0
0
(9) Instrument Repair
0
0
0
(10) Small Arms Repair
0
0
0
(11) Small Arms Vault
0
0
0
(12) Flammable Storage
0
50
0
X
(13) Controlled Waste Storage
0
192
0
X
(14)
0
0
0
(15)
0
0
0
C. DS/GS Maintenance Shop Special Areas
0
0
0
(1)
0
0
0
(2)
0
0
0
(3)
0
0
0
(4)
0
0
0
(5)
0
0
0
(6)
0
0
0
D. Jont Maintenance Areas (OMS/AMSA)
2,423
3,001
0
(1) Work Bays
2,240
2,240
0
(4) Flammable Storage
IN
(5) Controlled Waste Storage
X
Maxmum Authorized = 5,250 SF/488 m2
189
X
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
D Sample 5034-R Continued
Project Number : 10317
Project Ttle : AR Center/OMS/AMSA/Unh Strg
Date: Jun 30, 2005
Functional space Details - Actual/ english
214 - Maintenance - tank and Automotive
Authorized
Approved
Existing
183
281
0
(3) ARNET/IT Closet
0
0
0
(4) Equipment Alcove
0
0
0
(5) Mens Toilets & Showers
0
0
0
(6) Womens Toilets & Showers
0
0
0
(7) IT CLOSET
0
280
0
AC
TI
VE
(2) Mechanical/Custodial
Memo
(8) Equipment Aclov
IN
Total Shop Net Area
Circulation Allowance (15% of Net SF)
Structural Allowance (10% of Net SF)
Total Shop Gross Area
Outgranted Area
Total Shop Available Gross Area
190
0
200
0
3,169
112
317
3,598
4,833
0
496
5,329
0
0
0
7,382
0
7,382
X
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
D Sample 5034-R Continued
Project Number : 10317
Project Ttle
: AR Center/OMS/AMSA/Unh Strg
Date
: Jun 30, 2005
Functional space Details - Actual/ english
214 - Maintenance - tank and Automotive
VA1
Shop Office
AC
TI
VE
OMS, SHOP OFFICE: LOCATE SHOP OFFICE TO PROVIDE MAXIMUM VISIBILITY OF WORK
BAYS. ACCESS SHOULD BE PROVIDED FROM THE SHOP OFFICE INTO THE WORK BAYS
AND EXTERIOR OF THE BUILDING.
5.6 SM (60 SF) PER AUTHORIZED OMS ADMINISTRATIVE PERSON WHO WORKS IN THE OMS
ON THE LARGEST MAINTENANCE DRILL WEEKEND, PLUS 11.1 SM (120 SF) PER FULL-TIME
OMS MAINTENANCE ADMINSTRATIVE PERSON.
1 FULLTIME X 11.1 SM (120 SF) = 11.1 SM (120 SF)
VA2
Tool & Parts Room
OMS, TOOL AND PARTS STORAGE: SUBDIVIDE AREA INTO 2 EQUAL SECTIONS WITH
WIRE/EXPANDED METAL STORAGE CAGES 2.4-METER BY 3.7-METER (8 FT X 12 FT) WITH
SLIDING DOORS FOR TOOL AND PARTS STORAGE. CAGES MUST EXTEND TO WITHIN ONE
INCH OF THE FLOOR AND CEILING. THIS SPACE SHOULD BE ADJACENT TO THE STORAGE
ROOM AND DIRECTLY ACCESSABLE TO THE WORKBAYS.
VA3
Storage Room
IN
OMS, STORAGE ROOM: SUBDIVIDE AREA INTO 2 SECTIONS WITH WIRE/EXPANDED METAL
STORAGE CAGES 2.4-METER BY 3.7-METER (8 FT X 12 FT) WITH SLIDING DOORS FOR
STORAGE. CAGES MUST EXTEND TO WITHIN ONE INCH OF THE FLOOR AND CEILING. THIS
SPACE SHOULD BE ADJACENT TO THE TOOL AND PARTS ROOM AND DIRECTLY
ACCESSABLE TO THE WORKBAYS. AREA TO BE USED FOR STORAGE OF ANCILLARY
EQUIPMENT ISSUED WITH VEHICLES. A MINIMUM OF TWO DUPLEX 110V OUTLETS SHALL
BE PROVIDED PER MODULE.
VA4
Flammable Storage
OMS, FLAMMABLE STORAGE : MUST COMPLY WITH DESIGN GUIDE STANDARDS AND EPA
STANDARDS AS OF DATE OF CONSTRUCTION. DOORS MUST OPEN TO THE OUTSIDE OF
THE BUILDING.
VA6
REF MANUAL STORAGE/DISPATCH OFFICE:
DUE TO THE SIZE AND TYPE OF UNIT AND EQUIPMENT SERVICED OUT OF THIS OMS, A
STORAGE AREA FOR REFERENCE MANUALS AND DISPATCH OFFICE IS DESIRABLE. THIS
AREA SHOULD BE INCORPORATED AS PART OF THE OMS SHOP OFFICE.
191
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
D Sample 5034-R Continued
Project Number : 10317
Project Ttle
: AR Center/OMS/AMSA/Unh Strg
Date
: Jun 30, 2005
Functional space Details - Actual/ english
214 - Maintenance - tank and Automotive
STORAGE AREA FOR REFERENCE MANUALS AND DISPATCH OFFICE IS DESIRABLE. THIS
AREA SHOULD BE INCORPORATED AS PART OF THE OMS SHOP OFFICE.
AC
TI
VE
APPROVED SIZE = 11.1 SM (120 SF)
VB1
Shop Office
AMSA, SHOP OFFICE: LOCATE SHOP OFFICE TO PROVIDE MAXIMUM VISIBILITY OF WORK
BAYS. ACCESS SHOULD BE PROVIDED FROM THE SHOP OFFICE INTO THE WORK BAYS
AND EXTERIOR OF THE BUILDING.
A subshop of AMSA 95 is located n Conway. The subshop consists of two mechanics with
administrative duties. Approve one 22.3 SM (240 SF) Shop Office.
VB2
Locker Room
AMSA LOCKER ROOM: 0.93 SM (10 SF) PER RECOGNIZED AMSA PERSON. LOCKER ROOM
FOR FEMALE PERSONNEL WILL BE INCORPORATED INTO THE WOMEN'S TOILET. MINIMUM
AREA WILL BE 9.3 SM (100 SF). Provide wall hung, full size, solid metal lockers, 15 inches wide by
18 inches deep by 72 inches high. Incorporate as part of the OMS Unisex tolet.
IN
LOCKER ROOM AREA = 2 PERSONS X 0.93 SM (10 SF) = 1.86 SM (20 SF) => 9.3 SM (100 SF)
VB3
Class Room/Break Area
AMSA, CLASS ROOM/BREAK AREA: SHARE FACILITIES IN THE MAIN USARC.
VB4
Tool Room
AMSA, TOOL ROOM: Locate adjacent to the supply room with direct accessibility to the work bays.
Divide the space nto 2 separate caged areas with sliding cage doors.
WIRE/EXPANDED METAL STORAGE CAGES 2.4-METER BY 3.7-METER (8 FT X 12 FT) WITH
SLIDING DOORS FOR TOOL AND PARTS STORAGE. CAGES MUST EXTEND TO WITHIN ONE
INCH OF THE FLOOR AND CEILING.
2 Work Bays x 8.9 SM (96 SF) = 17.8 SM (192 SF).
192
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
D Sample 5034-R Continued
Project Number : 10317
Project Ttle
: AR Center/OMS/AMSA/Unh Strg
Date
: Jun 30, 2005
Functional space Details - Actual/ english
214 - Maintenance - tank and Automotive
Parts Room
AC
TI
VE
VB5
AMSA, SUPPLY ROOM: Centrally locate to provide ease of access from the work bays. Provide
metal shelving for storage of parts inside of caged areas n the supply room.
SUBDIVIDE AREA INTO 2 SECTIONS. WIRE/EXPANDED METAL STORAGE CAGES 2.4-METER
BY 3.7-METER (8 FT X 12 FT) WITH SLIDING DOORS FOR STORAGE. CAGES MUST EXTEND
TO WITHIN ONE INCH OF THE FLOOR AND CEILING. THIS SPACE SHOULD BE ADJACENT TO
THE TOOL AND PARTS ROOM AND DIRECTLY ACCESSABLE TO THE WORKBAYS. A MINIMUM
OF TWO DUPLEX 110V OUTLETS SHALL BE PROVIDED PER MODULE.
2 Work Bays x 8.9 SM (96 SF) = 17.8 SM (192 SF).
VB12
Flammable Storage
AMSA, FLAMMABLE STORAGE : MUST COMPLY WITH DESIGN GUIDE STANDARDS AND EPA
STANDARDS AS OF DATE OF CONSTRUCTION. DOORS MUST OPEN TO THE OUTSIDE OF
THE BUILDING.
VB13
Controlled Waste Storage
IN
AMSA, CONTROLLED WASTE STORAGE: PROVIDE SEPERATE CONTROLLED WASTE
STORAGE FOR THE AMSA.
VD1
Work Bays
WORK BAYS: Provide one double drive-through work bays. Provide overhead cranes n the drive
through bay.
(2 WORKBAYS x 74.3 SM (800 SF)) + 59.5 SM (640 SF) = 208.1 SM (2240 SF)
Total Work Bay area = 208.1 SM (2240 SF)
VD7
References:
a. Memorandum, HQ USARC, AFRC-CIS-I, 22 July 1999, Subject: Information Technology (IT)
Requirements for Military Construction Army Reserve.
193
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
D Sample 5034-R Continued
Project Number : 10317
Project Ttle
: AR Center/OMS/AMSA/Unh Strg
Date
: Jun 30, 2005
Functional space Details - Actual/ english
214 - Maintenance - tank and Automotive
b. Memorandum, OCAR, DAAR-EN, 27 October 1999, Subject: Information Technology
Requirements n Design and Construction.
AC
TI
VE
IT services provided on-site will include:
Voice Communications (Telephone)
Logistics, and other, STAMIS Applications
Within the OMS, all IT support equipment will be rack-mounted n climate controlled facilities as IT
Support Facilities. Recommended square footage for OMS Facilities are:
Network Operations Center (NOC) 14.9 SM (160 SF)
Electrical Closet
11.1 SM (120 SF)
TOTAL
26.0 SM (280 SF)
IN
Design and construction should comply with Reference a.
194
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
D Sample 5034-R Continued
Project Number : 10317
Project Ttle : AR Center/OMS/AMSA/Unh Strg
Date:
Jun 30, 2005
Functional space Details - Actual/ english
UnH - Unheated storage
Authorized
Approved
Existing
Memo
VII. UNH - Unheated Storage
AC
TI
VE
Equipment Storage
Unheated Storage
(1) Unit/Individual Storage
(2) Stagng Area
Total Unheated Storage Net Area
Circulation (15% of Net SF)
Structural Allowance (10% of Net SF)
Total Unheated Storage Gross Area
Outgranted Area
Total Unheated Storage Available Gross Area
442
442
0
45
45
0
487
74
49
610
487
0
0
0
487
0
0
0
0
IN
0
195
X
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
D Sample 5034-R Continued
Project Number : 10317
Project Ttle
: AR Center/OMS/AMSA/Unh Strg
Date
: Jun 30, 2005
Functional space Details - Actual/ english
UnH - Unheated storage
VII1
Unit/Individual Storage UNHEATED STORAGE, UNIT/INDIVIDUAL STORAGE:
IN
AC
TI
VE
SUBDIVIDE INTO 2.4-METER BY 3.7-METER (8-FOOT BY 12-FOOT) CAGES
CONSTRUCTED OF WOVEN WELDED WIRE FABRIC. CAGING SHOULD BE
INSTALLED FROM FLOOR TO THE ROOF DECK OR FLOOR SLAB ABOVE. AISLES
AND VESTIBULES BETWEEN THE CAGED AREAS SHOULD BE KEPT TO A
MINIMUM.
196
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
D Sample 5034-R Continued
Project Number : 10317
Project Ttle : AR Center/OMS/AMSA/Unh Strg
Date: Jun 30, 2005
Functional space Details - Actual/ english
sPRt - support Facilities
Authorized
Approved
Existing Memo
A. Privately Owned Vehicle Parking (POV) (SY)
9,030
9,100
B. Military Equipment Parking (MEP)
3,100
3,440
3,000
3,100
3,100
3,000
(2) AMSA (SY)
0
340
0
(3) ECS
X. Supporting Facilities
AC
TI
VE
3,000
(1) OMS (SY)
0
0
0
Number of Vehicles at the ECS
0
0
0
ECS (SY)
0
0
0
1
1
1
672
672
0
3
3
0
903
910
0
G. Sidewalks (SY)
0
0
0
H. Service/Access Maintenance Shop Apron (SY)
0
0
0
I. Fuel Storage and Dispensing (EA)
C. Wash Platforms (EA)
D. MEP Fencing (LF)
E. MEP Lighting (EA)
F. Access Roads (SY)
0
0
0
J. Equipment Loadng Ramp (EA)
0
0
0
K. Marine Pier/Dock (EA)
0
0
0
L. Flagpole (EA)
0
0
0
M. Occupational Safety and Health Equipment (EA)
0
0
0
(1)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
(2)
N.
IN
O. MKT Concrete Pad (EA)
197
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
D Sample 5034-R Continued
Project Number : 10317
Project Ttle : AR Center/OMS/AMSA/Unh Strg
Date: Jun 30, 2005
Functional space Details - Actual/ english
stAt - statistics
Description
Total Square Footage For:
Shop
UNH Strg
WHS Strg
Authorized Size
20,365
3,598
610
0
Approved Size
22,542
5,329
487
0
Existing Size for Alteration
22,604
7,382
0
0
Size of Addton
0
0
0
0
Size of New Buldng
0
0
487
0
Total Personnel
Weekend
AC
TI
VE
Center
Center Statistics
Rated Capacity
100
Largest Drill Weekend
99
1
Largest Admn Weekend
1
0
0
Weekends Per Month
1
IN
28
Largest Maintenance Weekend
198
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
APPENDIX E
Standard Kitchen Plan and Equipment List
E-1 Plan
AC
TI
VE
E-1.1 A standard Army Reserve kitchen plan is shown below. This plan and its
associated equipment have been approved by the Using Service for inclusion in all
Army Reserve training center projects with kitchens. Equipment changes are
occasionally made which affect all future projects. See the Army Reserve FTP download
site (link located on www.lrl.usace.army.mil/ed2/default.asp?mycategory=212) for Army
Reserve kitchen updates.
E-1.2 The designer is strongly advised to obtain a copy of the current standard
kitchen drawings from the Army Reserve FTP download site, along with current
equipment data sheets. Kitchen specifications are linked on the web page listed above.
IN
Figure E-1
Kitchen Equipment Plan
E-2 Equipment List
E-2.1 Equipment List
1. Soiled dish table
2. Silver soak sink
3. Overhead rack shelf
4. Garbage disposer
5 Pre-rinse spray assembly
6. Ventilation hood
7. Dishwasher
199
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
E-2 Continued
IN
AC
TI
VE
8. Booster heater
9. Overhead shelf
10. Clean dish table
11. Hand sink with soap/towel dispenser
12. Air curtain
13. Can wash
14. Booster heater
15. Sanitizing booster heater
16. Ventilation hood
17. Three-compartment sink
18. Disposer
19. Warming cabinet
20. Mixer
21. Mixer stand
22. Convection oven
23. Range with oven
24. Tilting kettle
25. Braising pan
26. Drain trough with grate
27. Hood over cooking area
28. Mobile worktables
29. Hot food well
30. Cold food well
31. Slicer
32. Food preparation table
33 Can opener
34. Refrigerator
35. Freezer
36. Ice machine
37. Mobile racks
38. Shelving
39. Vegetable sink
40. Tray busing rack
41. Stainless steel tray slide
42. Coffee maker
43. Drink stand with dolly
44. Cup and glass dispenser
45. Tray and silverware dispenser
200
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
APPENDIX F
Toilet Room Fixture Counts
F-1
Counts
F-1.1
The minimum fixture count \2\ for the Training Center Building /2/ should be
based on the tables below for the maximum drill weekend. \3\ Fixtures required in
Physical Exam Wing and General Officer Suites are in addition to the fixtures listed in
this Appendix./3/\2\ Minimum fixture counts for other buildings are based on their
projected population./2/ Review male/female personnel ratios with Tenants.
AC
TI
VE
F-1.2
As an alternative method of calculating fixtures, use 40% of the maximum drill
weekend for female toilet fixtures, and 80% for males. Consider the male/female ratio
within the Tenant units when determining ratio of male to female locker, toilet and
shower space.
F-1.3
\2\ Space column listed in the two tables below is a suggested or targeted
area, if this square foot figure is exceeded, designer must ensure space is below
allowance as set forth in AR 140-483. /2/
F-2
F-2.1
Fixture Count Tables \2\
Female Toilet Room Fixture Counts
Water
Closets
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
4
5
5
5
6
6
6
6
7
7
7
7
8
8
8
8
8
IN
Peak
Occupancy
1 to 15
16 to 30
31 to 35
36 to 45
46 to 55
56 to 60
61 to 75
76 to 80
81 to 90
91 to 105
106 to 110
111 to 120
121 to 125
126 to 135
136 to 150
151 to 165
166 to 170
171 to 180
181 to 190
191 to 195
196 to 210
211 to 215
216 to 225
226 to 230
Lavatories Showers
1
1
2
2
2
3
3
3
3
4
3
4
4
5
4
6
4
6
5
7
5
8
5
8
5
9
6
9
6
10
6
11
6
12
7
12
7
13
7
13
7
14
7
15
8
15
8
16
201
Total
Fixtures
3
6
7
9
10
11
13
14
15
17
18
19
20
21
22
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
Recommended/
Suggested
Space
150 SF
285 SF
325 SF
380 SF
420 SF
450 SF
515 SF
555 SF
585 SF
650 SF
690 SF
690 SF
740 SF
740 SF
740 SF
840 SF
840 SF
840 SF
890 SF
940 SF
940 SF
990 SF
990 SF
990 SF
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
Female Toilet Room Fixture Counts - continued
F-2.2
Water
Closets
9
9
9
9
10
10
10
10
11
11
11
11
12
12
12
13
13
13
13
14
14
14
14
14
15
Lavatories Showers
8
16
8
17
8
18
9
18
9
19
9
20
9
21
10
21
10
21
10
22
10
23
10
24
11
24
11
25
11
26
11
27
12
27
12
28
12
29
12
29
12
30
13
30
13
31
13
32
13
32
Total
Fixtures
33
34
35
36
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
47
48
49
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
Recommended/
Suggested
Space
1,040 SF
1,085 SF
1,085 SF
1,085 SF
1,185 SF
1,185 SF
1,235 SF
1,235 SF
1,285 SF
1,285 SF
1,335 SF
1,335 SF
1,385 SF
1,430 SF
1,430 SF
1,530 SF
1,530 SF
1,530 SF
1,580 SF
1,630 SF
1,630 SF
1,630 SF
1,680 SF
1,680 SF
1,730 SF
Total
Fixtures
8
9
10
11
13
14
15
17
18
19
20
21
22
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
Recommended/
Suggested
Space
335 SF
360 SF
400 SF
430 SF
495 SF
535 SF
560 SF
625 SF
665 SF
695 SF
735 SF
760 SF
800 SF
870 SF
910 SF
935 SF
975 SF
1,005 SF
1,045 SF
1,085 SF
AC
TI
VE
Peak
Occupancy
231 to 240
241 to 255
256 to 260
261 to 270
271 to 285
286 to 300
301 to 305
306 to 310
311 to 315
316 to 330
331 to 345
346 to 350
351 to 360
361 to 375
376 to 390
391 to 395
396 to 405
406 to 420
421 to 430
431 to 435
436 to 440
441 to 450
451 to 465
466 to 470
471 to 480
Male Toilet Room Fixture Counts
Water
Closets
2
2
2
3
3
3
3
3
3
4
4
4
4
5
5
5
5
6
6
6
Urinals Lavatories Showers
1
2
3
1
3
3
1
3
4
1
3
4
1
4
5
1
4
6
2
4
6
2
5
7
2
5
8
2
5
8
2
5
9
2
6
9
2
6
10
2
6
11
2
6
12
2
7
12
2
7
13
2
7
13
2
7
14
2
7
15
IN
Peak
Occupancy
1 to 35
36 to 45
46 to 55
56 to 60
61 to 75
76 to 80
81 to 90
91 to 105
106 to 110
111 to 120
121 to 125
126 to 135
136 to 150
151 to 165
166 to 170
171 to 180
181 to 190
191 to 195
196 to 210
211 to 215
202
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
Male Toilet Room Fixture Counts - continued
Water
Closets
6
6
6
6
6
6
7
7
7
7
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
9
9
9
9
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
11
11
11
11
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
13
13
13
13
14
14
14
14
Urinals Lavatories Showers
2
8
15
2
8
16
3
8
16
3
8
17
3
8
18
3
9
18
3
9
19
3
9
20
3
9
21
3
10
21
3
10
21
3
10
22
3
10
23
3
10
24
4
11
24
4
11
25
4
11
26
4
11
27
4
12
27
4
12
28
4
12
29
4
12
29
4
12
30
4
13
30
4
13
31
4
13
32
5
13
32
5
13
33
5
14
33
5
14
34
5
14
35
5
14
36
5
15
36
5
15
37
5
15
37
5
15
38
5
15
39
5
16
39
5
16
40
6
16
40
6
16
41
6
16
42
6
17
42
6
17
43
6
17
44
6
17
45
6
18
45
6
18
45
6
18
46
6
18
47
6
18
48
Total
Fixtures
31
32
33
34
35
36
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
47
48
49
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
Recommended/
Suggested
Space
1,110 SF
1,150 SF
1,150 SF
1,200 SF
1,200 SF
1,200 SF
1,300 SF
1,300 SF
1,350 SF
1,350 SF
1,400 SF
1,400 SF
1,450 SF
1,450 SF
1,490 SF
1,540 SF
1,540 SF
1,640 SF
1,640 SF
1,640 SF
1,690 SF
1,740 SF
1,740 SF
1,740 SF
1,790 SF
1,790 SF
1,830 SF
1,880 SF
1,880 SF
1,880 SF
1,960 SF
1,960 SF
1,960 SF
2,010 SF
2,040 SF
2,040 SF
2,090 SF
2,090 SF
2,090 SF
2,130 SF
2,180 SF
2,180 SF
2,180 SF
2,260 SF
2,260 SF
2,310 SF
2,310 SF
2,340 SF
2,340 SF
2,390 SF
2,390 SF
IN
AC
TI
VE
Peak
Occupancy
216 to 225
226 to 230
231 to 240
241 to 255
256 to 260
261 to 270
271 to 285
286 to 300
301 to 305
306 to 310
311 to 315
316 to 330
331 to 345
346 to 350
351 to 360
361 to 375
376 to 390
391 to 395
396 to 405
406 to 420
421 to 430
431 to 435
436 to 440
441 to 450
451 to 465
466 to 470
471 to 480
481 to 485
486 to 495
496 to 510
511 to 525
526 to 530
531 to 540
541 to 550
551 to 555
556 to 570
571 to 575
576 to 585
586 to 590
591 to 600
601 to 615
616 to 620
621 to 630
631 to 645
646 to 660
661 to 665
666 to 670
671 to 675
676 to 690
691 to 705
706 to 710
203
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
Male Toilet Room Fixture Counts - continued
Urinals Lavatories Showers
48
7
19
7
19
49
7
19
50
7
19
51
7
20
51
7
20
52
7
20
53
7
20
53
7
20
54
7
21
54
7
21
55
7
21
56
8
21
56
8
21
57
8
22
57
8
22
58
8
22
59
8
22
60
8
23
60
8
23
61
8
23
61
8
23
62
8
23
63
8
24
63
8
24
64
9
24
64
IN
/2/
Water
Closets
14
14
14
15
15
15
15
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
17
17
17
17
18
18
18
18
18
18
Total
Fixtures
88
89
90
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
Recommended/
Suggested
Space
2,430 SF
2,480 SF
2,480 SF
2,560 SF
2,560 SF
2,560 SF
2,610 SF
2,640 SF
2,640 SF
2,640 SF
2,690 SF
2,690 SF
2,730 SF
2,780 SF
2,780 SF
2,780 SF
2,860 SF
2,860 SF
2,900 SF
2,950 SF
2,980 SF
2,980 SF
3,030 SF
3,030 SF
3,030 SF
3,070 SF
AC
TI
VE
Peak
Occupancy
711 to 720
721 to 735
736 to 750
751 to 755
756 to 765
766 to 780
781 to 790
791 to 795
796 to 800
801 to 810
811 to 825
826 to 830
831 to 840
841 to 845
846 to 855
856 to 870
871 to 885
886 to 890
891 to 900
901 to 910
911 to 915
916 to 930
931 to 935
936 to 945
946 to 955
956 to 960
204
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
APPENDIX G
Band Room
G-1
General
AC
TI
VE
G-1.1
\2\ Band rooms provide practice areas for a 41-member band and storage
spaces for instruments, music, uniforms, and other equipment. The rooms may be
adjacent to the assembly hall. This usually allows a best fit with the rest of the facility,
because the band rooms have varying roof heights and some non-rectangular spaces. It also provides separation from administrative and education areas to minimize
distraction to other building occupants.
G-1.2
See Technical Instructions (TI) 800-01, Design Criteria, for discussion of
architectural and engineering criteria unique to a band’s training spaces. Acoustic
design considerations are complex and can not be concisely duplicated here. Do not
attempt to follow the space planning criteria given in the TI to size the facility. The Army
Reserve has a different system than the active Army to generate project scope.
G-2
Space Authorizations
G-2.1
Space authorizations for a band may appear under multiple categories in the
Army Reserve’s project documentation. This paragraph explains the standard
authorizations. Verify the quantities given for a specific project.
G-2.2
Administrative spaces total 270 sf (25 sm). There are two private, unit
exclusive offices.
Commander’s office Enlisted bandleader’s office = 150 sf (14 sm)
= 120 sf (11 sm)
IN
G-2.3
Storage spaces total 1,004 sf (93 sm). Provide locker and storage rooms in
lieu of the standard 8 ft x 12 ft (2400 m x 3600 m) cages normally located in the unit/
individual storage area. The standard Army Reserve allowance is one cage per 6
members of a unit organized under a modification table of organization and equipment
(MTOE) document, e.g., 7 cages for the band.
Storage: 7 cages x 8.9 sm/cage x 1.15 intrafunctional circulation
Staging: 72 sm x 0.1
Additional circulation factor (historic experience):72 sm x 0.2
Total storage allowance
= 72 sm (773 sf)
= 7 sm
(77 sf)
= 14 sm (155 sf)
= 93 sm (1,004 sf)
Reconfigure this allowance into male and female locker rooms plus a storage room. Provide each band member with a full-height locker (2 ft x 3 ft) (600 mm x 900 mm) for
uniforms. Adjust the sizes of the locker rooms as needed to accommodate the actual
count of male and female members. Provide a storage room with shelves for unit
205
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
G-1 Continued
equipment and members’ duffle bags.
G-2.4
Special training spaces total 3,300 sf (307 sm)
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
146 sm (1,575 sf)
65 sm
(700 sf)
20 sm
(210 sf)
7 sm
(80 sf)
16 sm
(175 sf)
37 sm
(400 sf)
(160 sf)
15 sm
AC
TI
VE
Main rehearsal room
Large group practice room
Three individual practice rooms at 6.5 sm each
Recording room
Instrument repair/cleaning area
Instrument storage area
Library
G-2.5
Corridors within the band area count against the building’s circulation
allowance. /2/
IN
Figure G-1
Standard Band Room Plan
206
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
APPENDIX H
Secure Compartmented Information Facilities
(SCIF)
H-1
General
H-1.1
\3\ A SCIF is an infrequent element of a Reserve Center. When authorized,
this space is used for electronic intelligence training activities and operations.
AC
TI
VE
H-1.2
There is no standard design for a SCIF. The project documents will provide
the SCIF space authorization; the designer will need to work with the Project Officer,
RSC, SCIF Proponent, Army Reserve Installation and Tenants to determine what
specific spaces and areas are required within that authorization. They will also help
define the furnishings, equipment, and mechanical/electrical/communications systems
for the SCIF.
The governing criteria for SCIF design and construction is Director of Central
H-1.3
Intelligence Directive (DCID) 6/9 “Physical Security Standards for Sensitive
Compartmented Information Facilities.” The manual defines several SCIF categories,
and provides design and construction guidance for each. However, the designer must
ask the SCIF Security Officer (SSO) for applicable guidance, particularly for
communication security. At one time, there were two volumes on the subject from a
Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) Worldwide SCIF Security Officer (SSO) Conference,
the SSO may be able to provide information from these volumes to aide in design.
H-1.4
The SCIF is a secure facility; access to the SCIF must be controlled and
monitored, and communications within, to and from the SCIF must be secure from
threat of interception.
IN
H-2
Security Considerations - from previous Army Reserve SCIFs - accuracy and
applicability must be verified:
H-2.1
There will be security vestibule with CCTV monitoring, most likely with an
electronic latch release. Entry into the SCIF will be controlled by the SSO or a designee.
If necessary, a separate exit (or exits if two are required) can be provided to satisfy life
safety/exiting requirements. The Army Reserve security personnel will want any such
exits to include an audible alarm, and possibly a short delay, for security reasons. No
hardware should be provided on the exterior side of such exit doors.
H-2.2
There are STC rating requirements, door and wall construction requirements,
and requirements affecting all mechanical, electrical, and voice data penetrations of the
SCIF. Penetrations are to be minimized. No HVAC ductwork not serving the SCIF can
run through its ceiling space. Secure telephone instruments and fax machines are
required in the SCIF.
H-2.3
Although windows are not absolutely forbidden by the DCID, the Tenants
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typically do not want any windows. This might be an area for the core of the building, but
remember that no exit path can run through (into and then out of) a SCIF.
H-2.4
Design of the SCIF will include provisions for power, conduit and cable for IDS
and other security systems; those security systems will be provided and installed by the
Government.
H-3
Space Design Information
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H-3.1
A typical SCIF might contain office/admin areas, a classroom, an open area
with computer workstations, an electronics maintenance space, a server room, storage
room, security vestibule, and electrical/telephone room.
H-3.2
Some spaces that are part of the SCIF space authorization may not be within
the secure area. Some administrative spaces and the maintenance space might be
better located outside of the SCIF.
H-3.3
If the SCIF proponent does not provide individual space design information,
refer to similar spaces (administrative, classroom, telecommunications spaces, etc.) and
model the design of the SCIF spaces on those.
H-3.4
Include furniture and similar equipment as part of the design similar to the rest
of the training center. Fax machines, safes, servers, secure files, encryption devices,
secure telephones and similar items specific to the operation of the SCIF will be
provided by the Tenants.
H-3.5
The SCIF HVAC equipment must be separate from other building HVAC
systems.
IN
H-3.6
Provide clean power if Tenants do not provide UPS system, and verify
grounding required for SCIF. /3/
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APPENDIX I
Physical Exam Wing
I -1
General
I-1.1
When authorized, medical spaces will be provided for physical exams,
treatment and professional medical training. The project documents will define the
authorized space and may provide additional information for the designer.
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I-1.2
Locate the medical wing adjacent to dedicated office space that can be
assigned to the medical unit. The medical wing will typically have its own entrance, as
well as an interior access to the remainder of the building. It should be somewhat
isolated from the rest of the building for reasons of patient privacy. Planning concepts
should allow for privacy of patients when accessing dressing areas and toilets.
I-1.3
The medical wing layout and capabilities may vary to suit the Tenants’ training
and operational requirements. The designer should work with the Tenants to develop a
functional layout.
I-1.4
The types of spaces that may be required are waiting rooms, dressing rooms,
medical exam rooms, dental exam rooms, supply rooms, lavatories with male and
female specimen toilet areas, laboratory, physical exam areas for blood pressure, EKG,
X-ray, audio meter, eye exam, and height and weight measurement.
IN
Figure I-1
Typical Medical Section Plan
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I-1.5
Special purpose training areas such as operating rooms, scrub rooms, two
bed wards, sterile supply rooms and pharmacy will be provided only when justified.
I-2
Space Design Information
I-2.1
Due to the variety of functional areas possible and variance in the medical
equipment, the Using Service will provide a list of equipment and proposed locations for
any special requirements when the concept design is completed.
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I-2.2
Refer to the space design information for office and administrative spaces in
Chapter 4 as a guideline for systems, furniture, equipment, and finishes. Review
recommended selections with Tenants, and obtain their input. Finishes should be those
appropriate to a civilian medical clinic with attention to durability and maintainability.
I-2.3
The necessary medical equipment, standard medical equipment sets
including X‑ray machines, will be provided and installed by the Tenants. An X-ray
equipment installation certificate will be required. Other furniture and equipment is to be
addressed as for the remainder of the training center.
I.-2.4
Built-in equipment may include the following:
I-2.4.1 Waiting room: Admissions counter 15 in (400 mm) wide by 49 in (250 mm)
high by 12 fr (3,650 mm) long. A portion should be accessible.
I-2.4.2 Dressing room: Feed-in clothes hooks - four per dressing room. A seat may
be built in on one side.
I-2.4.3
I-2.4.4
Medical exam room: Wall hung lavatory, or sink in cabinetry.
Dental exam room: Wall hung lavatory, or sink in cabinetry.
IN
I-2.4.5 Laboratory: Base cabinets 24 in (610 mm) deep by 36 in (915) high with
chemical-resistant work counter and a two-compartment stainless steel sink. This unit
will be located on one wall or as an island. The total length should not exceed 16 ft
(4,900 mm).
I-2.4.6 Specimen toilet: One water closet, one lavatory, one shelf, one towel
dispenser and one pass-through door to the laboratory.
I-2.4.7 Dark room: Work counter 24 in (610 mm) wide by 36 in (915 mm) high by
96 in (2,450 mm) long with chemical-resistant work surface. This may be located on a
wall and/or an island.
I-2.4.8 Audio/meter room: One booth 3 ft (915 mm) by 5 ft (1525 mm) with sound
treatment to 55 STC and one counter on one end of the room, 18 in (460 mm) wide and
28 in (715 mm) above the floor. The Tenants may provide a portable booth in lieu of a
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constructed room.
I-2.4.9 Supply room: 12 in (300 mm) deep wood shelving, 5 shelves high, beginning
18 in (460 mm) from the floor, and epoxy-painted. This shelving may be installed on
three walls. Shelving units may be used if cost justified. This room may also
accommodate medical records in file cabinets.
I-2.4.10 Provide divided surface metal raceways above lab counters with 20A, GFCI,
duplex receptacles.
IN
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I-2.4.11 Other built-in or installed equipment may be included on a case-by-case
basis, provided such equipment is fully justified for the operational training needs.
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APPENDIX J
Equipment Concentration Site
(ECS)
J-1
General
J-1.1
An ECS is essentially a large MEP area for the storage of military vehicles
and equipment to be used during annual and weekend training periods.
J-1.2With few exceptions, an ECS is
located on an active or semi-active
military installation and is collocated
with an AMSA dedicated to maintaining
the equipment stored at the ECS.
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Figure J-1
Typical ECS Layout
J-1.3Facilities associated with the ECS
will be described in the project
documents, and may include parking
hardstand, fuel dispensing system,
loading ramp, wash platform, indoor
equipment storage warehouse, combat
vehicle arms vault , fencing, security
lighting and an AMSA.
J-2 Design Information
J-2.1Factors which affect the layout
and design of an ECS are much the
same as those for the MEP at an OMS
or AMSA, with the following exceptions.
IN
J-2.1.1
Access/Egress and
Circulation: Tracked combat vehicles
are stored at an ECS and require
access to the nearest tank trail on the
military installation. In instances where asphalt paving or circulation areas are provided
around a supporting AMSA, a concrete roadway or turning area may be required to
provide access for combat vehicles to the AMSA shop bays. Due to the larger size and
heavier concentration of vehicles, the ECS traffic is very heavy during annual training
periods. Traffic patterns, therefore, should be carefully laid out to avoid severe internal
circulation conflicts at the fuel pumps, dispatch and washracks. Circulation lanes within
the ECS area should be a minimum of 24 ft (7.4 m) wide.
J-2.1.2 Fuel Dispensing Point: When authorized, the fuel point should be located
adjacent to a primary circulation area and in proximity to the main entrance and other
support facilities. The lanes and pump bases for the diesel and gas pumps should be
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concrete and should be drained so that all gas spills and water runoff are collected and
emptied into a grease/oil separator. The separator should also serve the AMSA
workbays and vehicle washrack whenever practicable. See Chapter 3 for additional
environmental design guidance.
IN
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J-2.1.3 Indoor Equipment Storage Warehouse: Since the primary function of this
building is bulk storage of equipment, the structure must be noncombustible and as
simple as possible. Pre-engineered metal buildings are acceptable. The interior layout
should be open for flexibility and provide aisles large enough for material-handling
equipment. Some areas should be designed for bulk and palletized storage. Depending
on the type and the amount of equipment, a loading dock may be provided at one exit. A
small portion of the building serves as a work area and should be have space
conditioning similar to a supply office. An office for the warehouse man should also be
provided. Information about the types and amount of equipment to be stored, and the
types of material-handling equipment to be operated within the warehouse will be
provided by the Using Service.
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APPENDIX K
Roof Systems for Army Reserve Projects
K-1
General Direction
K-2
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K-1.1
There are \2\ four approved roofing systems for Army Reserve facilities:
standing seam metal roofing systems (SSMRS), low-slope membrane roofing systems
(EPDM and Mod-Bit), and fiberglass-based asphalt shingle roof systems./2/ Other
systems may be acceptable with Using Service approval. \3\ The below offers the
primary guidance and first choice for roofing designs on Army Reserve projects. Additional guidance is located in UFC 3-110-03, Roofing. Designers should utilize UFC
3-110-03 for items not addressed below. /3/
Specific Guidelines
K-2.1Standing Seam Metal Roof System (SSMRS)
K-2.1.1 Use architectural rather than structural SSMRS
K-2.1.2 \3\ Preferred slope should be 4 in 12./3/ Minimum slope shall be 3 in 12. \3\ If
a 3:12 slope is utilized, then felt underlayment is required for the entire roof./3/ K-2.1.3 Require #30 felt underlayment for entire roof, and use ice and water shield in
eaves, valleys, hips and ridges
K-2.1.4 Require ice and water shield over entire roof where appropriate for the locality
of the project
K-2.1.5 Specify and show on the drawings a rigid underlayment.
IN
K-2.1.6 The clip screws should go down through the underlayment and insulation into
the metal deck
K-2.1.7 Require crimping machine to be calibrated daily
K-2.1.8 Provide generic NRCA details to help define the quality of the roof.
K-2.1.9 \2\ Reference Reserve Support Team Specification Sections 07 61 13.00 48
and 07 61 14.00 48 available at the USACE Louisville District Web-Site. /2/
K-2.1.10 \3\ Ice/snow guards shall be utilized on SSMRS for locations where the
average snowfall is more than 4” per year and may be considered in other locations. A
Snow Retention system shall be utilized with mechanically fastened snow guards with
continuous connectors. The attachment piece shall be a convex fastener. Ice/snow
guards shall be either steel rods or extruded aluminum with matching coil stock inserted.
No roof penetrations or adhesives shall be utilized. Ice/snow guards should be
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K-2 Continued
considered for the entire roof but shall be placed to protect equipment, sidewalks,
doorways, and other critical areas. Ice/snow guards shall be designed to withstand ice
and snow loads as defined in ASCE Manual 7. More stringent requirements based on
manufactures recommendations or local building codes may apply. Ice/Snow guards
shall be designed and installed to meet manufactures warranty. /3/
K-2.2
Modified Bitumen (Mod-Bit) Membrane System
K-2.2.1 Use a modified bitumen 2-ply system
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K-2.2.2 Require a 20 year, no-dollar-limit warranty
K-2.2.3 Provide generic NRCA details to help define the quality of the roof.
K-2.2.4 \3\ Low slope roofs on all new construction shall have a minimum slope of
½:12. /3/
K-2.3Ethylene Propylene Diene Munomer (EPDM) Roof Membrane
K-2.3.1 Specify a minimum 60-mil thickness
K-2.3.2 Must be fully adhered, rather than ballasted or mechanically attached
K-2.3.3 Do not use over kitchens
K-2.3.4 Should include a coating to save energy
K-2.3.5 Require Factory Mutual certification for the system
K-2.3.6 Provide generic NRCA details to help define the quality of the roof.
IN
K-2.3.4 \3\ Low slope roofs on all new construction shall have a minimum slope of
½:12. /3/
K-2.4
\2\ Fiberglass-Based Asphalt Shingle Roof System (System Added
Fall 2004)
K-2.4.1 Asphalt shingle roofing system shall include shingles, underlayments, and
flashing.
K-2.4.2 Shingle roofing system to provide ventilation of roof to prevent heat build-up
and associated heat damage.
K-2.4.3 Coordinate shingle color and style with architectural design and exterior
finishes.
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K-2.4.4 Minimum slope for shingles shall be 4 in 12 or manufacturer’s
recommendation to meet 50 year warranty.
K-2.4.5 Provide continuous top ridge vent connected to roof ventilation system. Also
provide non-maintenance vents at the base of the roof system to support the air
movement convection process.
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K-2.4.6 Provide asphalt shingle manufacturer’s standard 50 year warranty for the
asphalt shingles (including 110 mph wind up-lift). Provide all accessories and systems to
meet the 50 year warranty criteria. Contractor shall warrant for 5 years that the asphalt
shingle roofing system, as installed, is free from defects in workmanship.
K-2.4.7 Provide cross-vented insulation over a vapor retarder in accordance with the
manufacturer’s instructions. /2/
K-2.4.8 \3\ Ice and snow guards should be considered in northern climates. /3/
K-2.5
Requirements for all systems
K-2.5.1 Contractor qualifications: five years minimum in the roofing business, and
must be a member of professional roofing association (SMACNA and/or NRCA) for a
minimum of 3 years
K-2.5.2 Required pre-installation activities
K-2.5.2.1 Must have a pre-roofing-construction meeting with the designer, supplier,
manufacturer and contractor after award of the construction contract
K-2.5.2.2 Must have a pre-installation meeting 2 weeks before starting installation
IN
K-2.5.3 Required quality control measures
K-2.5.3.1 Manufacturer’s representative must be on site during installation (all week the
first week, at least once a week after that, minimum based on A/E’s recommendation)
K-2.5.3.2 Manufacturer’s representative must be an employee of the manufacturer with
a minimum of 5 years experience with the type of system being installed or an employee
of an independent installer certified by the manufacturer
K-2.5.3.3 Submittals will be for Government approval, and must be reviewed by the
designer of record
K-2.5.3.4 Manufacturer and Installer must provide a written statement that they have
reviewed the plans and specifications, and will provide a 20 year \2\ (50 year for
fiberglass-based asphalt shingle)/2/ premium warranty based on the design. (See
below.)
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IN
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K-2.5.3.5\3\ The contractor is required to provide Registered Roof Observer services
during all roof construction activities. Registered Roof Observers (RRO) will perform
daily oversight and quality control on all roof work to assure compliance with the
projects plans and specifications. /3/
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INSTALLER’S STATEMENT ON ROOF WARRANTY
I ______________________________, THE ROOF INSTALLER FOR THIS
PROJECT, HEREBY CERTIFY THAT THE PLANS AND SPECIFICATIONS HAVE
BEEN THOROUGHLY REVIEWED AND THAT THE PROPOSED ROOF WILL
MEET THE DESIGN INTENT AND MANUFACTURER’S REQUIREMENTS FOR A
PREMIUM WEATHERTIGHTNESS WARRANTY.
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_________________________ INSTALLER’S NAME
_________________________ PROJECT
_________________________ DATE
MANUFACTURER’S TECHNICAL REPRESENTATIVE
IN
I______________________, A TECHNICAL REPRESENTATIVE EMPLOYED
FOR A MINIMUM OF FIVE YEARS BY ________________________, THE
ROOFING MANUFACTURER FOR THIS PROJECT, HEREBY ATTEST THAT
THE ROOF INSTALLED FOR THIS PROJECT BY ________________________
WAS CONSTRUCTED AND ASSEMBLED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE
MANUFACTURER’S APPROVED METHODS AND DETAILS AND MEETS THE
MANUFACTURER’S PREMIUM 20 YEAR (50 YEAR FOR FIBERGLASS-BASED
ASPHALT SHINGLE) WEATHERTIGHTNESS WARRANTY REQUIREMENTS.
_________________________ INSTALLER
_________________________ PROJECT
_________________________
DATE
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APPEN-
DIX L
1500
1400
1300
1200
1100
1000
900
800
32ft x 50ft
32ft x 31ft
148.64
600
32ft x 19ft
Free Weight Half Cage*
Barres
Mirror
Number of Pieces of Equipment
4
1
2
3
3
3
3
1
1 10
8
139.35
2
4
1
2
2
3
3
3
1
1
7
10 10 1
130.06
2
3
1
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
8
10 10 1
120.77
2
3
1
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
8
8
8
111.48
2
2
1
1
3
3
3
3
0
1
6
4
10 1
102.19
2
2
1
1
2
2
2
2
0
1 10 12
8
1
2
2
1
1
2
2
2
2
0
1
4
10
7
1
83.61
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
4
8
7
1
74.32
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
4
6
4
1
65.03
2
2
1
1
2
2
1
1
1
0
6
6
8
1
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
4
4
4
1
92.90
55.74
9.75m x 15.25m
Fitness Mats
Seven Station Multi-Gym
Five Station Multi-Gym
Dumbbell Rack
Dumbbells
Flat Bench
Incline Bench
Recumbent Bike
Stair Climber
Nominal
Size
Metric
3
IN
700
Treadmill
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Nominal
Nominal
Size Nominal
Area
IP
Area
(sq. ft.) (English) (sq. m.)
1600
Elliptical Cross Trainer
U.S. ARMY RESERVE
PHYSICAL READINESS ROOM
EQUIPMENT MATRIX
9.75m x 9.5m
9.75m x 6.25m
12 1
1
500
46.45
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
8
8
4
0
400
37.16
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
4
8
4
0
300
27.87
1
1
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
4
6
4
0
200
18.58
1
1
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
3
4
2
0
* Free Weight Half-Cage should have safety catches to allow for safe lifting without a spotter
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APPENDIX M
Sample Projects and Photography Credits
M-1
Sample Projects
M-1.1
The following pages provide illustrations of Army Reserve projects as
examples for project designers
M-2
Photography Credits
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M-2.1
The project photographs in this Appendix and throughout the Design Guide
are provided with the permission of the photographers or owners of the photographs:
USARC/OMS/AMSA/WHS, Arden Hills, MN - RSP Architects
USARC, Fort Dodge, IA - Philip Prowse Photography, Minneapolis, MN
Battle Projection Center, Arlington Heights, IL - Staff of RSP Architects
ARRTC VOQ/Dormitory, Fort McCoy, WI - Staff of RSP Architects
USARC/OMS/WHS, Sacramento, CA - George Heinrich Photography, Minneapolis, MN
USARC, Parks RFTA, Dublin, CA - George Heinrich Photography, Minneapolis, MN
USARC, Toledo, OH - Gossen Livingston Associates, Inc.
USARC, Fort Des Moines, IA - Gossen Livingston Associates, Inc.
IN
USARC/AMSA, Pittsburgh, PA -Blackman & Bell, Pittsburgh, PA
USARC/OMS/AMSA, Fort Belvoir, VA - Staff of Louisville District Corps of Engineers
USARC, Fort Knox, KY - Staff of Louisville District Corps of Engineers
M2.2
The rendered drawings are provided with the permission of the project
designers.
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ADD/ALT AFRC/OMS/STORAGE; ORLANDO, FLORIDA
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Armed Forces Reserve Center (new) - 121,000 sf
Remodel Existing USARC - 22,000 sf
OMS (new) - 8,600 sf
Add Mezz to Existing Storage - 16,000 sf
40 Acres
Design completion - June 2001
Construction completion - Winter 2003
RSP ARCHITECTS
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USARC/OMS/DS-GS/WHS; ARDEN HILLS MINNESOTA
• USARC - 53,000 sf
• OMS/DS-GS - 31,000 sf
• Warehouse - 58,000 sf
• 29 Acres
• Design completion - June 1989
• Construction completion - September 1991
RSP ARCHITECTS
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USARC; FORT DODGE, IOWA
• USARC - 11,500 sf
• 4 Acres
• Design completion - May 1996
• Construction completion - October 1997
RSP ARCHITECTS
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BERRY ROSENBLATT USARC/OMS; WEST HARTFORD, CONNECTICUT
THE MASON & HANGER GROUP, INC.
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USAR BATTLE PROJECTION CENTER; ARLINGTON HEIGHTS, ILLINOIS
• BPC - 28,000 sf
• 6 Acres
• Design completion - 1996
• Construction completion - 1998
STAR TEAM - Corps of Engineers, Louisville District
RSP ARCHITECTS
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USARC/OMS/AMSA; FT. BELVOIR, VIRGINIA
• USARC - 47,000 sf
• 13 Acres
• Design completion - January 1999
• Construction completion - September 2001
STAR TEAM - Corps of Engineers, Louisville District
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USARC/AMSA; PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA
• USARC - 136,300 sf
• OMS/AMSA - 15,740 sf
• Unheated Storage - 2,540 sf
• 35 Acres
• Design completion - January 2000
• Construction completion - September 2001
Final Design - GOSSEN LIVINGSTON ASSOCIATES, INC.
Concept Design - RSP ARCHITECTS
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USARC; DES MOINES, IOWA
• USARC - 53,400 sf
• DEPMEDS Storage - 15,500 sf
• 20 Acres
• Design completion - September 1992
• Construction completion - October 1994
GOSSEN LIVINGSTON ASSOCIATES, INC.
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USARC/OMS; TOLEDO, OHIO
• USARC - 43,000 sf
• OMS/AMSA - 31,100 sf
• 23.5 Acres
• Design completion - July 1994
• Construction completion - August 1996
GOSSEN LIVINGSTON ASSOCIATES, INC.
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USARC/OMS/UHS; LINCOLN NEBRASKA
• USARC - 46,300 sf
• OMS - 6,200 sf
• UHS - 2,300 sf
• 10 Acres
• Design completion - August 2002
• Construction completion - September 2004
RSP ARCHITECTS
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USARC/DCMC; ARLINGTON HEIGHTS, ILLINOIS
• USARC/DCMC - 96,300 sf
• 8 Acres
• Design completion - November 2000
• Construction completion - October 2002
RSP ARCHITECTS
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USARC/OMS/WHS; SACRAMENTO, CALIFORNIA
• USARC - 64,200 sf (2 buildings)
• OMS - 11,600 sf
• WHS - 42,115 sf
• 36 Acres
• Design completion - 1997
• Construction completion - November 1999
RSP ARCHITECTS
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USARC; PARKS RFTA, DUBLIN, CALIFORNIA
• USARC - 56,000 sf
• 8 Acres
• Design completion - 1998
• Construction completion - March 2000
RSP ARCHITECTS
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USARC/OMS/WHS; SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH
• USARC - 31,400 sf
• OMS - 6,640 sf
• WHS - 7,500 sf
• 10 Acres
• Design completion - 1998
• Construction completion - September 2000
RSP ARCHITECTS
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TI
VE
USARC/OMS/ECS; FORT POLK, LOUISIANA
• USARC - 12,325 sf
• OMS - 11,700 sf
• AMSA - 15,500 sf
• ECS WHS - 53,225 sf
• 50 Acres
• Design completion - December 2000
• Construction completion - November 2002
RSP ARCHITECTS
235
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
IN
AC
TI
VE
AFRC/OMS/AMSA/UHS; GREENVILLE, NORTH CAROLINA
• AFRC - 78,000 sf
• OMS/AMSA -14,200 sf
• UHS - 2,000 sf
• 25 Acres
• Design completion - July 2001
• Construction completion - November 2002
RSP ARCHITECTS
236
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
IN
AC
TI
VE
ARRTC VOQ/DORMITORY; FORT McCOY, WISCONSIN
• VOQ/Dormitory - 105,000 sf
• 10 Acres
• Design completion - 1998
• Construction completion - December 2000\
RSP ARCHITECTS
237
UFC 4-171-05
1 January 2005
Including Change 3, 1 February 2010
IN
AC
TI
VE
USARC/OMS/STORAGE; MESA, ARIZONA
• USARC - 48,530 sf
• OMS -5,535 sf
• Storage - 16,300 sf
• 10 Acres
• Design completion - May 2002
• Construction completion - June 2004
RSP ARCHITECTS
238
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