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SUBJECT
DATE
SPN 3563 (MCM) (GHG14)
September 2014
Additions, Revisions, or Updates
Publication Number / Title
DDC-SVC-MAN-0084
Platform
Section Title
Change
GHG14 DD
Platform
SPN 3563/FMI 21 GHG14
This is a new section to more closely reflect the calibration.
All information subject to change without notice.
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2 SPN 3563/FMI 21 - GHG14
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SPN 3563/FMI 21 - GHG14
Ambient and Inlet Manifold Pressure Difference (High Box)
Table 1.
SPN 3563/FMI 21
Description
This Fault Sets When Ambient and Inlet Manifold Pressure Difference is Out of Range
Under a Load
Monitored Parameter
Inlet Manifold Pressure and Barometric Pressure
Typical Enabling Conditions
Engine Parameter
Min
Max
Engine Speed (rpm)
1350
1800
Engine Torque (N·m)
1400
3000
Intake Air Throttle Position (%)
5
Engine Coolant Outlet Temperature °C (°F)
65 (149)
Monitor Sequence
None
Execution Frequency
Continuous When Enabling Conditions Met
Typical Duration
40 s
Dash Lamps
SEL, CEL, MIL
Engine Reaction
25% Derate + Engine Shutdown
Verification
Once engine is at standard operating temperature, drive at highway speed with loaded
trailer between 1350 to 1800 rpm continuously for five minutes.
Check as follows:
1. Check the Motor Control Module (MCM) software level. Compare the current MCM software level to the server. Is the
MCM software at the latest level?
a. Yes; Go to step 2.
b. No; update the MCM software level and perform the verification procedure in the table above. If the fault code
does not return, release the vehicle. If the fault code returns, Go to step 2.
2. Inspect the front grill for air blockage including winter fronts, plows, or large hose reels. Is any blockage found?
a. Yes; repair as needed.
b. No; Go to step 3.
3. Inspect hood seals. Are seals missing or damaged?
a. Yes; repair as needed.
b. No; Go to step 4.
4. Inspect the entire air intake system, including the Charge Air Cooler (CAC), for leaks and/or restrictions. Are any air
intake system leaks or restrictions found?
a. Yes; repair as necessary. Verify repairs.
b. No; Go to step 5.
5. Using DiagnosticLink®, measure barometric pressure. Is barometric pressure above 69 kPa (10 psi) and below 110 kPa
(16 psi)?
a. Yes; Go to step 6.
b. No; replace the MCM. Refer to section "Removal of the Motor Control Module". Verify repairs.
6. Using DiagnosticLink, compare inlet manifold pressure to barometric pressure. Is the inlet manifold pressure within
10.3 kPa (1.5 psi) of barometric pressure?
a. Yes; Go to step 9.
b. No; Go to step 7.
7. Disconnect the inlet manifold pressure sensor harness connector.
8. Inspect the inlet manifold pressure sensor and harness connector for signs of damaged, bent, spread, corroded, or
unseated (pushed out) pins and signs of moisture in the connector or wire damage near the connector. Is any damage
found?
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All information subject to change without notice.
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a. Yes; repair as necessary. Verify repairs.
b. No; replace the inlet manifold pressure sensor. Refer to section "Removal of the Intake Pressure/Temperature
Sensor". Verify repairs.
WARNING: PERSONAL INJURY
Diesel engine exhaust and some of its constituents are known to the State of California to cause
cancer, birth defects, and other reproductive harm.
• Always start and operate an engine in a well ventilated area.
• If operating an engine in an enclosed area, vent the exhaust to the outside.
• Do not modify or tamper with the exhaust system or emission control system.
WARNING: PERSONAL INJURY
To avoid injury, never remove any engine component while the engine is running.
WARNING: PERSONAL INJURY
To avoid injury before starting and running the engine, ensure the vehicle is parked on a level
surface, parking brake is set, and the wheels are blocked.
WARNING: PERSONAL INJURY
To avoid injury from hot surfaces, wear protective gloves, or allow engine to cool before removing
any component.
9. Start the engine.
10. At idle, compare inlet manifold air pressure to barometric pressure.
11. Is the inlet manifold air pressure within 10.3 kPa (1.5 psi) of barometric pressure?
a. Yes; Go to step 12.
b. No; replace the inlet manifold pressure/temperature sensor. Refer to section "Removal of the Intake Pressure/
Temperature Sensor".
12. Turn the ignition OFF.
13. Visually inspect exhaust system for leaks or damage, including manifold, gaskets, turbine housing, Exhaust Gas
Recirculation (EGR) valve, and Aftertreatment Device (ATD). Are any leaks found?
a. Yes; repair as necessary. Verify repairs. If fault code returns, Go to step 14.
b. No; Go to step 14.
14. Check for engine type. Is engine equipped with an asymmetrical turbocharger?
a. Yes; Go to step 15.
b. No; Go to step 23.
15. Turn the ignition OFF.
16. Inspect the wastegate actuator and the plumbing to and from the actuator. Verify wastegate opens and closes. Is any
binding or damage found?
a. Yes; repair as necessary. Verify repairs.
b. No; Go to step 17.
17. Inspect the air line connection to the wastegate solenoid for leaks. Are any air leaks found?
a. Yes; repair or replace as necessary. Verify repairs.
b. No; Go to step 18.
18. Turn the ignition ON (key ON, engine OFF).
All information subject to change without notice.
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2 SPN 3563/FMI 21 - GHG14
19. Using DiagnosticLink, activate wastegate control from Service Routines Activate Outputs Panel. Run slide control up
to 95% - (Click Set). Wastegate will open with air psi available. Does wastegate open when commanded?
a. Yes; Go to step 20.
b. No; Go to step 21.
NOTE: Wastegate activates at 0% or 95%. There is no response at 50%.
20. Move slide control down to 0. Does wastegate close when commanded?
a. Yes; Go to step 28.
b. No; Go to step 21.
21. Disconnect the wastegate solenoid harness connector.
22. Inspect the wastegate solenoid and harness connector for signs of damaged, bent, spread, corroded or unseated (pushed
out) pins and signs of moisture in the connector or wire damage near the connector. Is any damage found?
a. Yes; repair as necessary. Verify repairs.
b. No; replace the wastegate solenoid.
Refer to section "Removal of the DD13 Wastegate Solenoid".
Refer to section "Removal of the GHG14 DD15 Asymmetrical Turbocharger Wastegate Solenoid".
Verify repairs. If fault code returns, Go to step 28.
23. Turn the ignition ON (key ON, engine OFF).
24. Using DiagnosticLink, monitor EGR delta P voltage (pin 109).
25. Is the EGR delta P voltage between 0.55 and 0.83 volts?
a. Yes; Go to step 28.
b. No; Go to step 26.
26. Remove the EGR delta P sensor from the mounting pad; leave electrical harness connected.
27. Is the EGR delta P voltage between 0.55 and 0.83 volts?
a. Yes; Go to step 28.
b. No; replace the EGR delta P sensor. Refer to section "Removal of the Delta P Sensor". Verify repairs.
28. Turn the ignition OFF.
29. Inspect the EGR delivery pipe delta P pressure ports for blockage. Is any blockage found?
a. Yes; clean the venturi pipe and reinstall the sensor. Verify repairs.
b. No; Go to step 30.
30. Remove the EGR cooler hot pipe, EGR crossover pipe and delivery pipe and inspect for excessive build-up or
blockage. Is any excessive build-up or blockage found?
Refer to section "Removal of the Exhaust Gas Recirculation Hot Pipe".
Refer to section "Removal of the Exhaust Gas Recirculation Crossover Tube".
a. Yes; clean piping and replace EGR cooler. Verify repairs.
b. No; Go to step 31.
31. Disconnect the EGR valve actuator pull rod. Inspect the ball sockets on the pull rod for free movement. Do the sockets
rotate or move freely?
a. Yes; Go to step 32.
b. No; replace the EGR valve actuator pull rod. Verify repairs.
For the DD13: Refer to section "Removal of the Exhaust Gas Recirculation Valve Actuator Pull Rod".
For the DD15 and DD16: Refer to section "Removal of the Exhaust Gas Recirculation Valve Actuator Pull Rod".
NOTE: Some resistance is normal; however, the actuator should not bind in any particular spot.
32. Physically move the EGR butterfly from stop-to-stop to check for full travel (some drag is normal). Verify EGR valve
moves. Does the EGR butterfly move stop-to-stop?
a. Yes; reconnect the EGR valve actuator pull rod to the EGR valve and EGR actuator. Clear codes and verify
repairs. If fault returns, Go to step 33.
b. No; replace the EGR valve. Verify repairs.
For the DD13: Refer to section "Removal of the Exhaust Manifold".
For the DD15 and DD16: Refer to section "Removal of the DD15 and DD16 Exhaust Gas Recirculation Valve".
33. Inspect the turbocharger for damage. Is any damage present?
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a. Yes; repair as necessary. Verify repairs.
If fault returns, for AT engines, Go to step 35.
If fault returns, for Turbo-Compound (TC) engines, Go to step 34.
b. No; for AT engines, Go to step 35.
For TC engines, Go to step 34.
34. Inspect the axial power turbine for damage. Is any damage present?
a. Yes; repair as necessary. Clear codes and verify repairs. If fault returns, Go to step 35.
b. No; Go to step 35.
35. Turn the ignition ON (key ON, engine OFF).
36. Inspect the Diesel Oxidation Catalyst (DOC) pressure sensor tube and elbow and the Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF)
pressure sensor tube and elbow for leaks, kinks, or blockages. Are any leaks, kinks, or blockages found?
a. Yes; repair as necessary. Verify repairs.
b. No; Go to step 37.
WARNING: ENGINE EXHAUST
To avoid injury from inhaling engine exhaust, always operate the engine in a well-ventilated area.
Engine exhaust is toxic.
WARNING: PERSONAL INJURY
To avoid injury before starting and running the engine, ensure the vehicle is parked on a level
surface, parking brake is set, and the wheels are blocked.
WARNING: HOT EXHAUST
During parked regeneration the exhaust gases will be extremely HOT and could cause a fire if
directed at combustible materials. The vehicle must be parked outside.
37. Start engine, allow to warm-up until coolant temperature is greater than 65°C (149°F).
NOTE: Normal DOC pressure is less than 10 kPa (1.5 psi) for a 1-Box™ emissions package and 13 kPa (1.9 psi)
for a Two-Box option.
38. Using DiagnosticLink, monitor DOC inlet pressure while performing a parked regeneration. Refer to section
"Performing a Parked Regeneration Using DiagnosticLink® Standard". Does the DOC inlet pressure start out high and
stay high?
a. Yes; the DOC(s) are plugged. Refer to 13TS-15 (http://ddcsn-ddc.freightliner.com/cps/rde/xbcr/ddcsn/
13TS15Rev.pdf) for DOC inspection, cleaning, and replacement procedures.
b. No; if DOC inlet pressure starts out high and then decreases, the DOC(s) were plugged and the Parked
Regeneration cleared them. Clear any fault codes. Verify repairs. If DOC pressure reading is low or fault code
returns, Go to step 39.
39. Turn the ignition OFF.
40. Disconnect the MCM 120-pin connector.
41. Inspect the MCM 120-pin connector and the 120-pin harness connector for signs of corrosion, spread, unseated (pushed
out) or damaged pins, connector seal for damage (signs of water or oil intrusion) or signs of wire damage. Are any
signs of damage found?
a. Yes; repair as necessary. Verify repairs.
b. No; replace MCM. Refer to section "Removal of the Motor Control Module". Verify repairs.
All information subject to change without notice.
9 14-14 Copyright © 2014 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
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