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LM124-N, LM224-N

LM2902-N, LM324-N

SNOSC16D – MARCH 2000 – REVISED JANUARY 2015

LMx24-N, LM2902-N Low-Power, Quad-Operational Amplifiers

1 Features

1

• Internally Frequency Compensated for Unity Gain

• Large DC Voltage Gain 100 dB

• Wide Bandwidth (Unity Gain) 1 MHz

(Temperature Compensated)

• Wide Power Supply Range:

– Single Supply 3 V to 32 V

– or Dual Supplies ±1.5 V to ±16 V

• Very Low Supply Current Drain (700

μA)

—Essentially Independent of Supply Voltage

• Low Input Biasing Current 45 nA

(Temperature Compensated)

• Low Input Offset Voltage 2 mV and Offset Current: 5 nA

• Input Common-Mode Voltage Range Includes

Ground

• Differential Input Voltage Range Equal to the

Power Supply Voltage

• Large Output Voltage Swing 0 V to V

+

− 1.5 V

Advantages:

– Eliminates Need for Dual Supplies

– Four Internally Compensated Op Amps in a

Single Package

– Allows Direct Sensing Near GND and V

OUT also Goes to GND

– Compatible With All Forms of Logic

– Power Drain Suitable for Battery Operation

– In the Linear Mode the Input Common-Mode,

Voltage Range Includes Ground and the

Output Voltage

– Can Swing to Ground, Even Though Operated from Only a Single Power Supply Voltage

– Unity Gain Cross Frequency is Temperature

Compensated

– Input Bias Current is Also Temperature

Compensated

3 Description

The LM124-N series consists of four independent, high-gain, internally frequency compensated operational amplifiers designed to operate from a single power supply over a wide range of voltages.

Operation from split-power supplies is also possible and the low-power supply current drain is independent of the magnitude of the power supply voltage.

Application areas include transducer amplifiers, DC gain blocks and all the conventional op amp circuits which now can be more easily implemented in single power supply systems. For example, the LM124-N series can directly operate off of the standard 5-V power supply voltage which is used in digital systems and easily provides the required interface electronics without requiring the additional ±15 V power supplies.

Device Information

(1)

PART NUMBER PACKAGE BODY SIZE (NOM)

LM124-N

LM224-N

CDIP (14) 19.56 mm × 6.67 mm

LM324-N

LM2902-N

CDIP (14)

PDIP (14)

SOIC (14)

TSSOP (14)

PDIP (14)

SOIC (14)

TSSOP (14)

19.56 mm × 6.67 mm

19.177 mm × 6.35 mm

8.65 mm × 3.91 mm

5.00 mm × 4.40 mm

19.177 mm × 6.35 mm

8.65 mm × 3.91 mm

5.00 mm × 4.40 mm

(1) For all available packages, see the orderable addendum at the end of the datasheet.

Schematic Diagram

2 Applications

• Transducer Amplifiers

• DC Gain Blocks

• Conventional Op Amp Circuits

1

An IMPORTANT NOTICE at the end of this data sheet addresses availability, warranty, changes, use in safety-critical applications, intellectual property matters and other important disclaimers. PRODUCTION DATA.

LM124-N, LM224-N

LM2902-N, LM324-N

SNOSC16D – MARCH 2000 – REVISED JANUARY 2015

www.ti.com

1

Features ..................................................................

1

2

Applications ...........................................................

1

3

Description .............................................................

1

4

Revision History.....................................................

2

5

Pin Configuration and Functions .........................

3

6

Specifications.........................................................

4

6.1

Absolute Maximum Ratings ......................................

4

6.2

ESD Ratings..............................................................

4

6.3

Recommended Operating Conditions .......................

4

6.4

Thermal Information ..................................................

5

6.5

Electrical Characteristics: LM124A/224A/324A ........

5

6.6

Electrical Characteristics: LM124-N/224-N/324-

N/2902-N ...................................................................

6

6.7

Typical Characteristics ..............................................

8

7

Detailed Description ............................................

11

7.1

Overview .................................................................

11

7.2

Functional Block Diagram .......................................

11

Table of Contents

7.3

Feature Description.................................................

11

7.4

Device Functional Modes........................................

11

8

Application and Implementation ........................

13

8.1

Application Information............................................

13

8.2

Typical Applications ...............................................

13

9

Power Supply Recommendations ......................

23

10

Layout...................................................................

23

10.1

Layout Guidelines .................................................

23

10.2

Layout Example ....................................................

23

11

Device and Documentation Support .................

24

11.1

Related Links ........................................................

24

11.2

Trademarks ...........................................................

24

11.3

Electrostatic Discharge Caution ............................

24

11.4

Glossary ................................................................

24

12 Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable

Information ...........................................................

24

4 Revision History

Changes from Revision C (November 2012) to Revision D Page

• Added Pin Configuration and Functions section, ESD Ratings table, Feature Description section, Device Functional

Modes, Application and Implementation section, Power Supply Recommendations section, Layout section, Device

and Documentation Support section, and Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information section ...............................

1

2

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Copyright © 2000–2015, Texas Instruments Incorporated

Product Folder Links:

LM124-N LM224-N LM2902-N LM324-N

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5 Pin Configuration and Functions

J Package

14-Pin CDIP

Top View

LM124-N, LM224-N

LM2902-N, LM324-N

SNOSC16D – MARCH 2000 – REVISED JANUARY 2015

D Package

14-Pin SOIC

Top View

NAME

OUTPUT1

INPUT1-

INPUT1+

V+

INPUT2+

INPUT2-

OUTPUT2

OUTPUT3

INPUT3-

INPUT3+

GND

INPUT4+

INPUT4-

OUTPUT4

PIN

7

8

9

10

11

NO.

1

2

3

4

5

6

12

13

14

TYPE

O

O

I

I

I

I

P

I

I

O

O

I

I

P

Pin Functions

Output, Channel 1

Inverting Input, Channel 1

Noninverting Input, Channel 1

Positive Supply Voltage

Nonnverting Input, Channel 2

Inverting Input, Channel 2

Output, Channel 2

Output, Channel 3

Inverting Input, Channel 3

Noninverting Input, Channel 3

Ground or Negative Supply Voltage

Noninverting Input, Channel 4

Inverting Input, Channel 4

Output, Channel 4

DESCRIPTION

Copyright © 2000–2015, Texas Instruments Incorporated

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LM124-N LM224-N LM2902-N LM324-N

3

LM124-N, LM224-N

LM2902-N, LM324-N

SNOSC16D – MARCH 2000 – REVISED JANUARY 2015

6 Specifications

www.ti.com

6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings

See

(1) (2)

.

Supply Voltage, V

+

Differential Input Voltage

Input Voltage

Input Current (V

IN

< −0.3 V)

(3)

Power

Dissipation

(4)

PDIP

CDIP

SOIC Package

Output Short-Circuit to GND

(One Amplifier)

(5)

V

+

≤ 15 V and T

Lead Temperature (Soldering, 10 seconds)

A

= 25°C

Soldering

Information

Dual-In-Line Soldering (10 seconds)

Package

Small

Outline

Package

Storage temperature, T stg

Vapor Phase (60 seconds)

Infrared (15 seconds)

LM124-N/LM224-N/LM324-N

LM124A/LM224A/LM324A

MIN MAX

−0.3

–65

Continuous

32

32

32

50

1130

1260

800

260

260

215

220

150

MIN

−0.3

–65

LM2902-N

MAX

26

26

26

50

1130

1260

800

Continuous

260

260

215

220

150

°C

°C

°C

°C

°C

(1) Refer to RETS124AX for LM124A military specifications and refer to RETS124X for LM124-N military specifications.

(2) If Military/Aerospace specified devices are required, please contact the Texas Instruments Sales Office/ Distributors for availability and specifications.

(3) This input current will only exist when the voltage at any of the input leads is driven negative. It is due to the collector-base junction of the input PNP transistors becoming forward biased and thereby acting as input diode clamps. In addition to this diode action, there is also lateral NPN parasitic transistor action on the IC chip. This transistor action can cause the output voltages of the op amps to go to the V

+ voltage level (or to ground for a large overdrive) for the time duration that an input is driven negative. This is not destructive and normal output states will re-establish when the input voltage, which was negative, again returns to a value greater than −0.3 V (at 25°C).

(4) For operating at high temperatures, the LM324-N/LM324A/LM2902-N must be derated based on a 125°C maximum junction temperature and a thermal resistance of 88°C/W which applies for the device soldered in a printed circuit board, operating in a still air ambient. The LM224-N/LM224A and LM124-N/LM124A can be derated based on a 150°C maximum junction temperature. The dissipation is the total of all four amplifiers—use external resistors, where possible, to allow the amplifier to saturate of to reduce the

(5) power which is dissipated in the integrated circuit.

Short circuits from the output to V

+ can cause excessive heating and eventual destruction. When considering short circuits to ground, the maximum output current is approximately 40 mA independent of the magnitude of V

+

. At values of supply voltage in excess of 15 V, continuous short-circuits can exceed the power dissipation ratings and cause eventual destruction. Destructive dissipation can result from simultaneous shorts on all amplifiers.

UNIT

V

V

V mA mW mW mW

6.2 ESD Ratings

V

(ESD)

Electrostatic discharge Human-body model (HBM), per ANSI/ESDA/JEDEC JS-001

(1)

(1) JEDEC document JEP155 states that 500-V HBM allows safe manufacturing with a standard ESD control process.

VALUE

±250

6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions

over operating free-air temperature range (unless otherwise noted)

Supply Voltage (V

+

- V

-

): LM124-N/LM124A/LM224-N/LM224A/LM324-N/LM324A

Supply Voltage (V

+

- V

-

): LM2902-N

Operating Input Voltage on Input pins

Operating junction temperature, T

J

: LM124-N/LM124A

Operating junction temperature, T

J

: L2902-N

Operating junction temperature, T

J

: LM224-N/LM224A

Operating junction temperature, T

J

: LM324-N/LM324A

MIN

3

3

0

-55

-40

-25

0

MAX

32

26

V+

125

85

85

70

UNIT

V

UNIT

V

V

V

°C

°C

°C

°C

4

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LM124-N, LM224-N

LM2902-N, LM324-N

SNOSC16D – MARCH 2000 – REVISED JANUARY 2015

6.4 Thermal Information

R

θJA

THERMAL METRIC

Junction-to-ambient thermal resistance

(1)

LM124-N /

LM224-N

J/CDIP

14 PINS

88

LM324-N /

LM2902-N

D/SOIC

14 PINS

88

UNIT

°C/W

(1) For more information about traditional and new thermal metrics, see the IC Package Thermal Metrics application report, SPRA953 .

6.5 Electrical Characteristics: LM124A/224A/324A

V

+

= 5.0 V,

(1)

, unless otherwise stated

PARAMETER TEST CONDITIONS

LM124A

MIN TYP

Input Offset Voltage

Input Bias Current

(3)

Input Offset Current

Input Common-Mode

Voltage Range

(4)

Supply Current

Large Signal

Voltage Gain

Common-Mode

Rejection Ratio

Power Supply

Rejection Ratio

Amplifier-to-Amplifier

Coupling

(5)

Output

Current

Source

Sink

Short Circuit to Ground

Input Offset Voltage

V

OS

Drift

Input Offset Current

T

A

= 25°C

(2)

I

IN(+)

T

A or I

IN( −)

= 25°C

, V

CM

= 0 V,

I

IN(+)

T

A or I

IN( −)

= 25°C

, V

CM

= 0 V,

V

+

= 30 V, (LM2902-N,

V

+

= 26 V), T

A

= 25°C

Over Full Temperature Range,

R

L

V

+

=

∞ On All Op Amps

= 30 V (LM2902-N V

+

= 26 V)

V

+

= 5 V

V

+

(V

O

= 15 V, R

L

≥ 2 kΩ,

= 1 V to 11 V), T

A

= 25°C

DC, V

CM

T

A

= 0 V to V

= 25°C

+

− 1.5 V,

V

+

= 5 V to 30 V, (LM2902-N,

V

+

= 5V to 26 V),

T

A

= 25°C f = 1 kHz to 20 kHz, T

A

(Input Referred)

= 25°C,

V

IN

+

V

+

= 1 V, V

= 15 V, V

IN

O

= 0 V,

= 2 V, T

A

= 25°C

V

IN

V

+

= 1 V, V

= 15 V, V

IN

+

O

= 0 V,

= 2 V, T

A

= 25°C

V

IN

V

+

= 1 V, V

= 15 V, V

IN

+

O

= 0 V,

= 200 mV, T

A

= 25°C

V

+

T

A

= 15 V,

= 25°C

(6)

See

(2)

R

S

= 0 Ω

I

IN(+)

− I

IN( −)

, V

CM

= 0 V

0

50

70

65

20

10

12

1

20

2

1.5

0.7

100

85

100

−120

40

20

50

40

7

MAX

2

50

10

V

+

−1.5

3

1.2

60

4

20

30

MIN

LM224A

TYP

1

40

MAX

3

80

0

50

70

65

20

10

12

2

1.5

0.7

100

85

100

−120

40

20

50

40

7

15

V

+

−1.5

3

1.2

60

4

20

30

MIN

LM324A

TYP

2

45

MAX

3

100

UNIT

mV nA

0

25

65

65

20

10

12

5

1.5

0.7

100

85

100

−120

40

20

50

40

7

30

V

+

−1.5

3

1.2

nA

V mA

V/mV dB dB dB mA

μA

60 mA

5 mV

30 μV/°C

75 nA

(1) These specifications are limited to −55°C ≤ T

A specifications are limited to −25°C ≤ T

A

≤ +125°C for the LM124-N/LM124A. With the LM224-N/LM224A, all temperature

≤ +85°C, the LM324-N/LM324A temperature specifications are limited to 0°C ≤ T

A

≤ +70°C, and

(2) the LM2902-N specifications are limited to −40°C ≤ T

A

V

O

≃ 1.4V, R

S

= 0 Ω with V

+

≤ +85°C.

from 5 V to 30 V; and over the full input common-mode range (0 V to V

+

V to 26 V.

− 1.5 V) for LM2902-N, V

+ from 5

(3) The direction of the input current is out of the IC due to the PNP input stage. This current is essentially constant, independent of the state of the output so no loading change exists on the input lines.

(4) The input common-mode voltage of either input signal voltage should not be allowed to go negative by more than 0.3 V (at 25°C). The upper end of the common-mode voltage range is V

+

− 1.5 V (at 25°C), but either or both inputs can go to 32 V without damage (26 V for

LM2902-N), independent of the magnitude of V

+

.

(5) Due to proximity of external components, insure that coupling is not originating via stray capacitance between these external parts. This

(6) typically can be detected as this type of capacitance increases at higher frequencies.

Short circuits from the output to V

+ can cause excessive heating and eventual destruction. When considering short circuits to ground, the maximum output current is approximately 40 mA independent of the magnitude of V

+

. At values of supply voltage in excess of 15 V, continuous short-circuits can exceed the power dissipation ratings and cause eventual destruction. Destructive dissipation can result from simultaneous shorts on all amplifiers.

Copyright © 2000–2015, Texas Instruments Incorporated

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5

LM124-N, LM224-N

LM2902-N, LM324-N

SNOSC16D – MARCH 2000 – REVISED JANUARY 2015

Electrical Characteristics: LM124A/224A/324A (continued)

V

+

= 5.0 V,

(1)

, unless otherwise stated

PARAMETER

I

OS

Drift

Input Bias Current

Input Common-Mode

Voltage Range

(4)

Large Signal

Voltage Gain

Output

Voltage

Swing

Output

Current

V

OH

V

OL

Source

Sink

TEST CONDITIONS

R

S

= 0 Ω

I

IN(+) or I

IN( −)

V

+

= 30 V,

(LM2902-N, V

+

= 26 V)

V

+

R

L

= 15 V (V

O

Swing = 1 V to 11 V),

≥ 2 kΩ

V

+

= 30 V

(LM2902-N,

V

+

= 26 V)

R

R

L

L

= 2 k Ω

= 10 k Ω

V

+

= 5 V, R

L

= 10 k Ω

V

O

= 2 V

V

V

IN

+

IN

V

+

= +1V,

= 0V,

= 15V

V

V

V

IN

IN

+

+

= +1V,

= 0V,

= 15V

LM124A

MIN TYP

10

40

0

25

26

27

10

10

28

5

20

15

MAX

200

100

V

+

−2

20

MIN

LM224A

TYP

10

40

0

25

26

27

10

5

28

5

20

8

MAX

200

100

V

+

−2

20

www.ti.com

MIN

LM324A

TYP

10

40

0

UNIT

MAX

300 pA/°C

200 nA

V

+

−2

V

15

26

27

V/mV

28

5 20

V mV

10

5

20

8 mA

6.6 Electrical Characteristics: LM124-N/224-N/324-N/2902-N

V

+

= +5.0V,

(1)

, unless otherwise stated

LM124-N / LM224-N

PARAMETER TEST CONDITIONS

MIN TYP MAX

2 5

45 150

Input Offset Voltage

Input Bias Current

(3)

T

A

= 25°C

(2)

I

IN(+) or I

IN(

−)

, V

CM

= 0 V, T

A

= 25°C

Input Offset Current I

IN(+) or I

IN( −)

, V

CM

= 0 V, T

A

= 25°C

Input Common-Mode Voltage V

+

Range

(4)

T

A

= 30 V, (LM2902-N, V

+

= 25°C

= 26V),

Supply Current

Over Full Temperature Range

R

L

V

+

= ∞ On All Op Amps,

= 30 V (LM2902-N V

+

= 26 V)

Large Signal Voltage Gain

V

+

= 5 V

V

+

(V

O

= 15V, R

L

≥ 2 kΩ,

= 1 V to 11 V), T

A

= 25°C

Common-Mode Rejection

Ratio

DC, V

CM

= 0 V to V

+

− 1.5 V, T

A

= 25°C

Power Supply Rejection Ratio

Amplifier-to-Amplifier

Coupling

(5)

V

+

V

+

= 5 V to 30 V (LM2902-N,

= 5 V to 26 V), T

A

= 25°C f = 1 kHz to 20 kHz, T

A

(Input Referred)

= 25°C

0

50

70

65

3

1.5

0.7

100

85

100

−120

30

V

+

−1.

5

3

1.2

0

LM324-N

MIN TYP MAX

2 7

45 250

5 50

V

+

−1.

5

25

65

65

1.5

0.7

100

85

100

−120

3

1.2

MIN

LM2902-N

TYP

2

45

MAX

7

250

0

5 50

V

+

−1.

5

25

50

50

1.5

0.7

100

70

100

−120

3

1.2

mA

V/mV dB dB dB

UNIT

mV nA nA

V

(1) These specifications are limited to −55°C ≤ T

A specifications are limited to −25°C ≤ T

A

≤ +125°C for the LM124-N/LM124A. With the LM224-N/LM224A, all temperature

≤ +85°C, the LM324-N/LM324A temperature specifications are limited to 0°C ≤ T

A

≤ +70°C, and

(2) the LM2902-N specifications are limited to −40°C ≤ T

A

V

O

≃ 1.4V, R

S

= 0 Ω with V

+

≤ +85°C.

from 5 V to 30 V; and over the full input common-mode range (0 V to V

+

V to 26 V.

− 1.5 V) for LM2902-N, V

+ from 5

(3) The direction of the input current is out of the IC due to the PNP input stage. This current is essentially constant, independent of the state of the output so no loading change exists on the input lines.

(4) The input common-mode voltage of either input signal voltage should not be allowed to go negative by more than 0.3 V (at 25°C). The upper end of the common-mode voltage range is V

+

− 1.5 V (at 25°C), but either or both inputs can go to 32 V without damage (26 V for

LM2902-N), independent of the magnitude of V

+

.

(5) Due to proximity of external components, insure that coupling is not originating via stray capacitance between these external parts. This typically can be detected as this type of capacitance increases at higher frequencies.

6

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LM2902-N, LM324-N

SNOSC16D – MARCH 2000 – REVISED JANUARY 2015

Electrical Characteristics: LM124-N/224-N/324-N/2902-N (continued)

V

+

= +5.0V,

(1)

, unless otherwise stated

PARAMETER TEST CONDITIONS

LM124-N / LM224-N

MIN TYP MAX

LM324-N

MIN TYP MAX MIN

LM2902-N

TYP MAX

UNIT

Output

Current

Source

Sink

Short Circuit to Ground

Input Offset Voltage

V

OS

Drift

Input Offset Current

I

OS

Drift

Input Bias Current

Input Common-Mode Voltage

Range

(4)

V

V

IN

+

+

= 1 V, V

IN

= 15 V, V

O

= 0 V,

= 2 V, T

A

= 25°C

V

IN

V

+

= 1 V, V

= 15 V, V

IN

O

+

= 0 V,

= 2 V, T

A

= 25°C

V

V

IN

+

= 1 V, V

IN

= 15 V, V

O

+

= 0 V,

= 200 mV, T

A

= 25°C

V

+

= 15 V, T

A

= 25°C

(6)

See

(2)

R

S

= 0 Ω

I

IN(+)

− I

IN( −)

, V

CM

= 0 V

R

S

= 0 Ω

I

IN(+) or I

IN(

−)

V

+

= 30 V, (LM2902-N, V

+

= 26 V)

Large Signal Voltage Gain

Output

Voltage

Swing

Output

Current

V

V

OH

OL

Source

Sink

V

+

R

L

= 15 V (V

O

Swing = 1V to 11V),

≥ 2 kΩ

V

V

+

+

= 30 V (LM2902-N,

= 26 V)

R

L

= 2 k Ω

R

L

= 10 k Ω

V

+

= 5 V, R

L

= 10 k Ω

V

O

= 2 V

V

IN

+

= 1 V,

V

V

IN

+

= 0 V,

= 15 V

V

IN

+

V

V

IN

+

= 1 V,

= 0 V,

= 15 V

20

10

12

0

25

26

27

10

5

40

20

50

40

7

10

40

28

5

20

8

60

7

100

300

V

+

−2

20

20

10

12

0

15

26

27

10

5

40

20

50

40

7

10

40

28

5

20

8

60

9

150

500

V

+

−2

20

20

10

12

0

15

22

23

10

5

40

20

50

40

7

45

10

40

24

5

20

8

60

10

200

500

V

+

−2

100 mA mA

µA mA mV

µV/°C nA pA/°C nA

V

V/mV

V mV mA mA

(6) Short circuits from the output to V

+ can cause excessive heating and eventual destruction. When considering short circuits to ground, the maximum output current is approximately 40 mA independent of the magnitude of V

+

. At values of supply voltage in excess of 15 V, continuous short-circuits can exceed the power dissipation ratings and cause eventual destruction. Destructive dissipation can result from simultaneous shorts on all amplifiers.

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6.7 Typical Characteristics

www.ti.com

Figure 1. Input Voltage Range Figure 2. Input Current

Figure 3. Supply Current Figure 4. Voltage Gain

Figure 5. Open-Loop Frequency Response

Figure 6. Common Mode Rejection Ratio

8

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Typical Characteristics (continued)

LM124-N, LM224-N

LM2902-N, LM324-N

SNOSC16D – MARCH 2000 – REVISED JANUARY 2015

Figure 7. Voltage Follower Pulse Response

Figure 8. Voltage Follower Pulse Response (Small Signal)

Figure 9. Large Signal Frequency Response

Figure 10. Output Characteristics Current Sourcing

Figure 11. Output Characteristics Current Sinking

Figure 12. Current Limiting

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Typical Characteristics (continued)

www.ti.com

Figure 13. Input Current (LM2902-N Only) Figure 14. Voltage Gain (LM2902-N Only)

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www.ti.com

7 Detailed Description

7.1 Overview

The LM124-N series are op amps which operate with only a single power supply voltage, have true-differential inputs, and remain in the linear mode with an input common-mode voltage of 0 V

DC

. These amplifiers operate over a wide range of power supply voltage with little change in performance characteristics. At 25°C amplifier operation is possible down to a minimum supply voltage of 2.3 V

DC

.

7.2 Functional Block Diagram

7.3 Feature Description

The LM124 provides a compelling balance of performance versus current consumption. The 700 μA of supply current draw over the wide operating conditions with a 1-MHz gain-bandwidth and temperature compensated bias currents makes the LM124 an effective solution for large variety of applications. The input offset voltage of 2 mV and offset current of 5 nA, along with the 45n-A bias current across a wide supply voltage means a single design can be used in a large number of different implementations.

7.4 Device Functional Modes

Large differential input voltages can be easily accommodated and, as input differential voltage protection diodes are not needed, no large input currents result from large differential input voltages. The differential input voltage may be larger than V

+ without damaging the device. Protection should be provided to prevent the input voltages from going negative more than

−0.3 V

DC can be used.

(at 25°C). An input clamp diode with a resistor to the IC input terminal

To reduce the power supply drain, the amplifiers have a class A output stage for small signal levels which converts to class B in a large signal mode. This allows the amplifiers to both source and sink large output currents. Therefore both NPN and PNP external current boost transistors can be used to extend the power capability of the basic amplifiers. The output voltage needs to raise approximately 1 diode drop above ground to bias the on-chip vertical PNP transistor for output current sinking applications.

For ac applications, where the load is capacitively coupled to the output of the amplifier, a resistor should be used, from the output of the amplifier to ground to increase the class A bias current and prevent crossover distortion.

Where the load is directly coupled, as in dc applications, there is no crossover distortion.

Capacitive loads which are applied directly to the output of the amplifier reduce the loop stability margin. Values of 50 pF can be accommodated using the worst-case non-inverting unity gain connection. Large closed loop gains or resistive isolation should be used if larger load capacitance must be driven by the amplifier.

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www.ti.com

Device Functional Modes (continued)

The bias network of the LM124-N establishes a drain current which is independent of the magnitude of the power supply voltage over the range of from 3 V

DC to 30 V

DC

.

Output short circuits either to ground or to the positive power supply should be of short time duration. Units can be destroyed, not as a result of the short circuit current causing metal fusing, but rather due to the large increase in IC chip dissipation which will cause eventual failure due to excessive junction temperatures. Putting direct short-circuits on more than one amplifier at a time will increase the total IC power dissipation to destructive levels, if not properly protected with external dissipation limiting resistors in series with the output leads of the amplifiers. The larger value of output source current which is available at 25°C provides a larger output current capability at elevated temperatures (see

Typical Characteristics

) than a standard IC op amp.

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SNOSC16D – MARCH 2000 – REVISED JANUARY 2015

www.ti.com

8 Application and Implementation

NOTE

Information in the following applications sections is not part of the TI component specification, and TI does not warrant its accuracy or completeness. TI’s customers are responsible for determining suitability of components for their purposes. Customers should validate and test their design implementation to confirm system functionality.

8.1 Application Information

The LM124 series of amplifiers is specified for operation from 3 V to 32 V (±1.5 V to ±16 V). Many of the specifications apply from –40°C to 125°C. Parameters that can exhibit significant variance with regards to operating voltage or temperature are presented in

Typical Characteristics

.

8.2 Typical Applications

Figure 15

emphasizes operation on only a single power supply voltage. If complementary power supplies are available, all of the standard op amp circuits can be used. In general, introducing a pseudo-ground (a bias voltage reference of V

+

/2) will allow operation above and below this value in single power supply systems. Many application circuits are shown which take advantage of the wide input common-mode voltage range which includes ground. In most cases, input biasing is not required and input voltages which range to ground can easily be accommodated.

8.2.1 Non-Inverting DC Gain (0 V Input = 0 V Output)

*R not needed due to temperature independent I

IN

Figure 15. Non-Inverting Amplifier with G=100

8.2.1.1 Design Requirements

For this example application, the required signal gain is a non-inverting 100x±5% with a supply voltage of 5 V.

8.2.1.2 Detailed Design Procedure

Using the equation for a non-inverting gain configuration, Av = 1+R2/R1. Setting the R1 to 10 k Ω, R2 is 99 times larger than R1, which is 990 k

Ω. A 1MΩ is more readily available, and provides a gain of 101, which is within the desired specification.

The gain-frequency characteristic of the amplifier and its feedback network must be such that oscillation does not occur. To meet this condition, the phase shift through amplifier and feedback network must never exceed 180° for any frequency where the gain of the amplifier and its feedback network is greater than unity. In practical applications, the phase shift should not approach 180° since this is the situation of conditional stability. Obviously the most critical case occurs when the attenuation of the feedback network is zero.

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Typical Applications (continued)

8.2.1.3 Application Curve

Figure 16. Non-Inverting Amplified Response Curve www.ti.com

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Typical Applications (continued)

8.2.2 Other Application Circuits at V

+

= 5.0 V

DC

LM124-N, LM224-N

LM2902-N, LM324-N

SNOSC16D – MARCH 2000 – REVISED JANUARY 2015

Where: V

0

= V

1

+ V

2

− V

3

− V

4

(V

1

+ V

2

) ≥ (V

3

+ V

4

) to keep V

O

> 0 V

DC

Figure 17. DC Summing Amplifier

(V

IN'S

≥ 0 V

DC

And V

O

≥ V

DC

)

Where: V

0

= 0 V

DC for V

IN

= 0 V

DC

A

V

= 10

Figure 18. Power Amplifier

Figure 19. LED Driver

f o

= 1 kHz Q = 50 A

V

= 100 (40 dB)

Figure 20. “BI-QUAD” RC Active Bandpass Filter

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Typical Applications (continued)

Figure 21. Fixed Current Sources www.ti.com

Figure 22. Lamp Driver

*(Increase R1 for I

L small)

Figure 23. Current Monitor

Figure 24. Driving TTL Figure 25. Voltage Follower

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Typical Applications (continued)

LM124-N, LM224-N

LM2902-N, LM324-N

SNOSC16D – MARCH 2000 – REVISED JANUARY 2015

Figure 26. Pulse Generator Figure 27. Squarewave Oscillator

Figure 28. Pulse Generator

I

O

= 1 amp/volt V

IN

(Increase R

E for I o small)

Figure 29. High Compliance Current Sink

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SNOSC16D – MARCH 2000 – REVISED JANUARY 2015

Typical Applications (continued)

www.ti.com

Figure 30. Low Drift Peak Detector Figure 31. Comparator With Hysteresis

*Wide control voltage range:

0 V

DC

≤ V

C

≤ 2 (V

+

−1.5 V

DC

)

V

O

= V

R

Figure 32. Ground Referencing a Differential Input

Signal

Figure 33. Voltage Controlled Oscillator Circuit

18

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Typical Applications (continued)

LM124-N, LM224-N

LM2902-N, LM324-N

SNOSC16D – MARCH 2000 – REVISED JANUARY 2015

Q = 1 A

V

= 2

Figure 34. Photo Voltaic-Cell Amplifier Figure 35. DC Coupled Low-Pass RC Active Filter

Figure 36. AC Coupled Inverting Amplifier

Figure 37. AC Coupled Non-Inverting Amplifier

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Typical Applications (continued)

Figure 38. High Input Z, DC Differential Amplifier www.ti.com

Figure 39. High Input Z Adjustable-Gain DC Instrumentation Amplifier

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Typical Applications (continued)

LM124-N, LM224-N

LM2902-N, LM324-N

SNOSC16D – MARCH 2000 – REVISED JANUARY 2015

Figure 40. Bridge Current Amplifier

Figure 41. Using Symmetrical Amplifiers to Reduce Input Current (General Concept)

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Typical Applications (continued)

f

O

= 1 kHz Q = 25

Figure 42. Bandpass Active Filter www.ti.com

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LM2902-N, LM324-N

SNOSC16D – MARCH 2000 – REVISED JANUARY 2015

9 Power Supply Recommendations

The pinouts of the package have been designed to simplify PC board layouts. Inverting inputs are adjacent to outputs for all of the amplifiers and the outputs have also been placed at the corners of the package (pins 1, 7, 8, and 14).

Precautions should be taken to insure that the power supply for the integrated circuit never becomes reversed in polarity or that the unit is not inadvertently installed backwards in a test socket as an unlimited current surge through the resulting forward diode within the IC could cause fusing of the internal conductors and result in a destroyed unit.

10 Layout

10.1 Layout Guidelines

The V + pin should be bypassed to ground with a low-ESR capacitor. The optimum placement is closest to the V

+ and ground pins.

Take care to minimize the loop area formed by the bypass capacitor connection between V + and ground.

The ground pin should be connected to the PCB ground plane at the pin of the device.

The feedback components should be placed as close to the device as possible minimizing strays.

10.2 Layout Example

V+

2

V+

VIN

1

VIN

1

IN-A

2

IN-A

IN-A

2

IN-A

1

GND

V+

V+

V+

2

V+

1

IN-B

IN-B

1

IN-B

V+

2

V+

1

VO

VO

VO

1 : VO

2

GND

D

2

GND

IN-B 2 : IN-B

IN-B

V+

V+

V+

IN-A

1

V+

2

V+

V+

3 : V+

4 : IN-A

1

IN+A

IN-A

5 : IN+A

6 : IN-B

IN-B

2

IN+A

7 : IN+B

1

VO

VO VO

1

VO

VO

2

IN+B

1

IN+B

2

IN+B

V+

2

V+

V+

1

GND

GND

V+

Figure 43. Layout Example

VIN2

V+

V+

VO2

1

V O 2

VO2

2

V+

V

O2

V

O

2

1

IN-D

2

V+

V+

14 : VO2

13 : IN-D

IN-D

1

IN-D

2

GND

GND

IN-D

IN-D

12 : GND

GND

1

IN+C

11 : IN+C IN-C

IN-C

N

2

IN+C

10 : IN-C

IN-C

IN-C

9 : IN+D

IN-D

8 : IN-D

2

IN+D

2

V+

V

1

O

1

V O 2

VO2

2

VO2

IN-C

VO2

V+

2

IN+D

1

IN+D

1

GND

GND

2

V+

V+

2

V+

1

IN-C

2

IN-C

2

IN-C

1

VIN2

1

GND

GND

V+

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SNOSC16D – MARCH 2000 – REVISED JANUARY 2015

11 Device and Documentation Support

www.ti.com

11.1 Related Links

The table below lists quick access links. Categories include technical documents, support and community resources, tools and software, and quick access to sample or buy.

PARTS

LM124-N

LM224-N

LM2902-N

LM324-N

PRODUCT FOLDER

Click here

Click here

Click here

Click here

Table 1. Related Links

SAMPLE & BUY

Click here

Click here

Click here

Click here

TECHNICAL

DOCUMENTS

Click here

Click here

Click here

Click here

TOOLS &

SOFTWARE

Click here

Click here

Click here

Click here

SUPPORT &

COMMUNITY

Click here

Click here

Click here

Click here

11.2 Trademarks

All trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

11.3 Electrostatic Discharge Caution

These devices have limited built-in ESD protection. The leads should be shorted together or the device placed in conductive foam during storage or handling to prevent electrostatic damage to the MOS gates.

11.4 Glossary

SLYZ022 — TI Glossary.

This glossary lists and explains terms, acronyms, and definitions.

12 Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

The following pages include mechanical, packaging, and orderable information. This information is the most current data available for the designated devices. This data is subject to change without notice and revision of this document. For browser-based versions of this data sheet, refer to the left-hand navigation.

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PACKAGE OPTION ADDENDUM

www.ti.com

17-Feb-2015

PACKAGING INFORMATION

Orderable Device

LM124AJ/PB

LM124J/PB

LM224J

LM2902M

LM2902M/NOPB

LM2902MT

Status

(1)

ACTIVE

Package Type Package

Drawing

Pins Package

Qty

CDIP J 14 25

ACTIVE CDIP J 14 25

ACTIVE

NRND

ACTIVE

NRND

CDIP

SOIC

SOIC

TSSOP

J

D

D

PW

14

14

14

14

25

55

55

94

Eco Plan

(2)

TBD

TBD

TBD

TBD

Green (RoHS

& no Sb/Br)

TBD

LM2902MT/NOPB

LM2902MTX/NOPB

LM2902MX

LM2902MX/NOPB

LM2902N/NOPB

LM2902N/PB

LM324AM

LM324AM/NOPB

LM324AMX

LM324AMX/NOPB

LM324AN/NOPB

LM324AN/PB

LM324J

LM324M

LM324M/NOPB

ACTIVE

ACTIVE

NRND

ACTIVE

ACTIVE

OBSOLETE

NRND

ACTIVE

NRND

ACTIVE

ACTIVE

TSSOP

TSSOP

SOIC

SOIC

PDIP

PDIP

SOIC

SOIC

SOIC

SOIC

PDIP

OBSOLETE

ACTIVE

NRND

ACTIVE

PDIP

CDIP

SOIC

SOIC

14

14

14

14

14

14

14

14

14

14

14

PW

PW

D

D

NFF

NFF

D

D

D

D

NFF

NFF

J

D

D

14

14

14

14

94 Green (RoHS

& no Sb/Br)

2500 Green (RoHS

& no Sb/Br)

2500 TBD

2500 Green (RoHS

& no Sb/Br)

25 Green (RoHS

& no Sb/Br)

55

TBD

TBD

55 Green (RoHS

& no Sb/Br)

TBD 2500

2500 Green (RoHS

& no Sb/Br)

25 Green (RoHS

& no Sb/Br)

25

TBD

TBD

55

55

TBD

Green (RoHS

& no Sb/Br)

Addendum-Page 1

Lead/Ball Finish

(6)

Call TI

Call TI

Call TI

Call TI

CU SN

Call TI

CU SN

CU SN

Call TI

CU SN

CU SN

Call TI

Call TI

CU SN

Call TI

CU SN

CU SN

Call TI

Call TI

Call TI

CU SN

MSL Peak Temp

(3)

Call TI

Call TI

Call TI

Call TI

Level-1-260C-UNLIM

Op Temp (°C)

-25 to 85

-40 to 85

-40 to 85

Call TI

Level-1-260C-UNLIM

Level-1-260C-UNLIM

Call TI

Level-1-260C-UNLIM

Level-1-NA-UNLIM

Call TI

Call TI

Level-1-260C-UNLIM

Call TI

Level-1-260C-UNLIM

Level-1-NA-UNLIM

-40 to 85

-40 to 85

-40 to 85

-40 to 85

-40 to 85

-40 to 85

0 to 70

0 to 70

0 to 70

0 to 70

0 to 70

Call TI

Call TI

Call TI

Level-1-260C-UNLIM

0 to 70

0 to 70

0 to 70

Device Marking

(4/5)

LM124AJ

LM124J

LM224J

LM2902M

LM2902M

LM290

2MT

LM290

2MT

LM290

2MT

LM2902M

LM2902M

LM2902N

LM2902N

LM324AM

LM324AM

LM324AM

LM324AM

LM324AN

LM324AN

LM324J

LM324M

LM324M

Samples

PACKAGE OPTION ADDENDUM

www.ti.com

17-Feb-2015

Orderable Device

LM324MT/NOPB

LM324MTX

LM324MTX/NOPB

LM324MX

Status

(1)

ACTIVE

NRND

ACTIVE

NRND

Package Type Package

Drawing

Pins Package

Qty

TSSOP

TSSOP

PW

PW

14

14

94

2500

Eco Plan

(2)

Green (RoHS

& no Sb/Br)

TBD

TSSOP

SOIC

PW

D

14

14

2500 Green (RoHS

& no Sb/Br)

2500 TBD

Lead/Ball Finish

(6)

CU SN

Call TI

CU SN

Call TI

MSL Peak Temp

(3)

Level-1-260C-UNLIM

Call TI

Level-1-260C-UNLIM

Call TI

Op Temp (°C)

0 to 70

0 to 70

0 to 70

0 to 70

LM324

MT

LM324

MT

Device Marking

(4/5)

LM324

MT

LM324M

LM324MX/NOPB

LM324N/NOPB

ACTIVE

ACTIVE

SOIC

PDIP

D

NFF

14

14

2500 Green (RoHS

& no Sb/Br)

25 Green (RoHS

& no Sb/Br)

CU SN

CU SN

Level-1-260C-UNLIM

Level-1-NA-UNLIM

0 to 70

0 to 70

LM324M

LM324N

LM324N/PB OBSOLETE PDIP NFF 14 TBD

(1)

The marketing status values are defined as follows:

ACTIVE: Product device recommended for new designs.

LIFEBUY: TI has announced that the device will be discontinued, and a lifetime-buy period is in effect.

Call TI Call TI

NRND: Not recommended for new designs. Device is in production to support existing customers, but TI does not recommend using this part in a new design.

PREVIEW: Device has been announced but is not in production. Samples may or may not be available.

OBSOLETE: TI has discontinued the production of the device.

LM324N

(2)

Eco Plan - The planned eco-friendly classification: Pb-Free (RoHS), Pb-Free (RoHS Exempt), or Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) - please check http://www.ti.com/productcontent for the latest availability information and additional product content details.

TBD: The Pb-Free/Green conversion plan has not been defined.

Pb-Free (RoHS): TI's terms "Lead-Free" or "Pb-Free" mean semiconductor products that are compatible with the current RoHS requirements for all 6 substances, including the requirement that lead not exceed 0.1% by weight in homogeneous materials. Where designed to be soldered at high temperatures, TI Pb-Free products are suitable for use in specified lead-free processes.

Pb-Free (RoHS Exempt): This component has a RoHS exemption for either 1) lead-based flip-chip solder bumps used between the die and package, or 2) lead-based die adhesive used between the die and leadframe. The component is otherwise considered Pb-Free (RoHS compatible) as defined above.

Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br): TI defines "Green" to mean Pb-Free (RoHS compatible), and free of Bromine (Br) and Antimony (Sb) based flame retardants (Br or Sb do not exceed 0.1% by weight in homogeneous material)

(3)

MSL, Peak Temp. - The Moisture Sensitivity Level rating according to the JEDEC industry standard classifications, and peak solder temperature.

(4)

There may be additional marking, which relates to the logo, the lot trace code information, or the environmental category on the device.

(5)

Multiple Device Markings will be inside parentheses. Only one Device Marking contained in parentheses and separated by a "~" will appear on a device. If a line is indented then it is a continuation of the previous line and the two combined represent the entire Device Marking for that device.

Addendum-Page 2

Samples

PACKAGE OPTION ADDENDUM

www.ti.com

17-Feb-2015

(6)

Lead/Ball Finish - Orderable Devices may have multiple material finish options. Finish options are separated by a vertical ruled line. Lead/Ball Finish values may wrap to two lines if the finish value exceeds the maximum column width.

Important Information and Disclaimer:The information provided on this page represents TI's knowledge and belief as of the date that it is provided. TI bases its knowledge and belief on information provided by third parties, and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of such information. Efforts are underway to better integrate information from third parties. TI has taken and continues to take reasonable steps to provide representative and accurate information but may not have conducted destructive testing or chemical analysis on incoming materials and chemicals.

TI and TI suppliers consider certain information to be proprietary, and thus CAS numbers and other limited information may not be available for release.

In no event shall TI's liability arising out of such information exceed the total purchase price of the TI part(s) at issue in this document sold by TI to Customer on an annual basis.

Addendum-Page 3

www.ti.com

TAPE AND REEL INFORMATION

PACKAGE MATERIALS INFORMATION

19-Jan-2015

*All dimensions are nominal

Device

LM2902MTX/NOPB

LM2902MX

LM2902MX/NOPB

LM324AMX

LM324AMX/NOPB

LM324MTX

LM324MTX/NOPB

LM324MX

LM324MX/NOPB

Package

Type

Package

Drawing

TSSOP

SOIC

SOIC

SOIC

SOIC

TSSOP

TSSOP

SOIC

SOIC

PW

D

D

D

D

PW

PW

D

D

Pins

14

14

14

14

14

14

14

14

14

SPQ

2500

2500

2500

2500

2500

2500

2500

2500

2500

Reel

Diameter

(mm)

Reel

Width

W1 (mm)

330.0

12.4

330.0

330.0

16.4

16.4

A0

(mm)

6.95

B0

(mm)

8.3

6.5

9.35

6.5

9.35

330.0

330.0

330.0

330.0

330.0

330.0

16.4

16.4

12.4

12.4

16.4

16.4

6.5

9.35

6.5

9.35

6.95

6.95

6.5

6.5

8.3

8.3

9.35

9.35

K0

(mm)

P1

(mm)

1.6

2.3

2.3

2.3

2.3

1.6

1.6

2.3

2.3

8.0

8.0

W

(mm)

Pin1

Quadrant

12.0

8.0

16.0

8.0

16.0

8.0

16.0

8.0

16.0

8.0

12.0

8.0

12.0

8.0

16.0

16.0

Q1

Q1

Q1

Q1

Q1

Q1

Q1

Q1

Q1

Pack Materials-Page 1

www.ti.com

PACKAGE MATERIALS INFORMATION

19-Jan-2015

*All dimensions are nominal

Device

LM2902MTX/NOPB

LM2902MX

LM2902MX/NOPB

LM324AMX

LM324AMX/NOPB

LM324MTX

LM324MTX/NOPB

LM324MX

LM324MX/NOPB

Package Type Package Drawing Pins

TSSOP

SOIC

SOIC

SOIC

SOIC

TSSOP

TSSOP

SOIC

SOIC

PW

D

D

D

D

PW

PW

D

D

14

14

14

14

14

14

14

14

14

SPQ

2500

2500

2500

2500

2500

2500

2500

2500

2500

Length (mm) Width (mm) Height (mm)

367.0

367.0

367.0

367.0

367.0

367.0

367.0

367.0

367.0

367.0

367.0

367.0

367.0

367.0

367.0

367.0

367.0

367.0

35.0

35.0

35.0

35.0

35.0

35.0

35.0

35.0

35.0

Pack Materials-Page 2

www.ti.com

MECHANICAL DATA

N14A (Rev G)

IMPORTANT NOTICE

Texas Instruments Incorporated and its subsidiaries (TI) reserve the right to make corrections, enhancements, improvements and other changes to its semiconductor products and services per JESD46, latest issue, and to discontinue any product or service per JESD48, latest issue. Buyers should obtain the latest relevant information before placing orders and should verify that such information is current and complete. All semiconductor products (also referred to herein as “components”) are sold subject to TI’s terms and conditions of sale supplied at the time of order acknowledgment.

TI warrants performance of its components to the specifications applicable at the time of sale, in accordance with the warranty in TI’s terms and conditions of sale of semiconductor products. Testing and other quality control techniques are used to the extent TI deems necessary to support this warranty. Except where mandated by applicable law, testing of all parameters of each component is not necessarily performed.

TI assumes no liability for applications assistance or the design of Buyers’ products. Buyers are responsible for their products and applications using TI components. To minimize the risks associated with Buyers’ products and applications, Buyers should provide adequate design and operating safeguards.

TI does not warrant or represent that any license, either express or implied, is granted under any patent right, copyright, mask work right, or other intellectual property right relating to any combination, machine, or process in which TI components or services are used. Information published by TI regarding third-party products or services does not constitute a license to use such products or services or a warranty or endorsement thereof. Use of such information may require a license from a third party under the patents or other intellectual property of the third party, or a license from TI under the patents or other intellectual property of TI.

Reproduction of significant portions of TI information in TI data books or data sheets is permissible only if reproduction is without alteration and is accompanied by all associated warranties, conditions, limitations, and notices. TI is not responsible or liable for such altered documentation. Information of third parties may be subject to additional restrictions.

Resale of TI components or services with statements different from or beyond the parameters stated by TI for that component or service voids all express and any implied warranties for the associated TI component or service and is an unfair and deceptive business practice.

TI is not responsible or liable for any such statements.

Buyer acknowledges and agrees that it is solely responsible for compliance with all legal, regulatory and safety-related requirements concerning its products, and any use of TI components in its applications, notwithstanding any applications-related information or support that may be provided by TI. Buyer represents and agrees that it has all the necessary expertise to create and implement safeguards which anticipate dangerous consequences of failures, monitor failures and their consequences, lessen the likelihood of failures that might cause harm and take appropriate remedial actions. Buyer will fully indemnify TI and its representatives against any damages arising out of the use of any TI components in safety-critical applications.

In some cases, TI components may be promoted specifically to facilitate safety-related applications. With such components, TI’s goal is to help enable customers to design and create their own end-product solutions that meet applicable functional safety standards and requirements. Nonetheless, such components are subject to these terms.

No TI components are authorized for use in FDA Class III (or similar life-critical medical equipment) unless authorized officers of the parties have executed a special agreement specifically governing such use.

Only those TI components which TI has specifically designated as military grade or “enhanced plastic” are designed and intended for use in military/aerospace applications or environments. Buyer acknowledges and agrees that any military or aerospace use of TI components which have not been so designated is solely at the Buyer's risk, and that Buyer is solely responsible for compliance with all legal and regulatory requirements in connection with such use.

TI has specifically designated certain components as meeting ISO/TS16949 requirements, mainly for automotive use. In any case of use of non-designated products, TI will not be responsible for any failure to meet ISO/TS16949.

Products

Audio

Amplifiers

Data Converters

DLP® Products

DSP

Clocks and Timers

Interface

Logic

Power Mgmt

Microcontrollers

RFID

OMAP Applications Processors

Wireless Connectivity www.ti.com/audio amplifier.ti.com

dataconverter.ti.com

www.dlp.com

dsp.ti.com

www.ti.com/clocks interface.ti.com

logic.ti.com

power.ti.com

microcontroller.ti.com

Applications

Automotive and Transportation

Communications and Telecom

Computers and Peripherals

Consumer Electronics

Energy and Lighting

Industrial

Medical

Security

Space, Avionics and Defense

Video and Imaging www.ti-rfid.com

www.ti.com/omap

TI E2E Community

www.ti.com/wirelessconnectivity www.ti.com/automotive www.ti.com/communications www.ti.com/computers www.ti.com/consumer-apps www.ti.com/energy www.ti.com/industrial www.ti.com/medical www.ti.com/security www.ti.com/space-avionics-defense www.ti.com/video e2e.ti.com

Mailing Address: Texas Instruments, Post Office Box 655303, Dallas, Texas 75265

Copyright © 2015, Texas Instruments Incorporated

Mouser Electronics

Authorized Distributor

Click to View Pricing, Inventory, Delivery & Lifecycle Information:

Texas Instruments

:

LM324AM LM324AM/NOPB LM324AMX LM324AMX/NOPB LM324AN/NOPB LM324J LM324M LM324M/NOPB

LM324MT/NOPB LM324MTX LM324MTX/NOPB LM324MX LM324MX/NOPB LM324N/NOPB

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