Purchasing Handbook

Purchasing Handbook
Procurement Handbook
Procurement Procedures and Guidelines
Supply Chain Management
Physical Plant Building
2500 University Drive NW
Calgary, Alberta, CANADA
T2N 1N4
Please refer to http://www.ucalgary.ca/finance/scm/procedures-handbooks for a listing of our Handbooks.
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Contents
CONTENTS
1
CONTACT INFORMATION
Supply Chain Management
2
PURCHASING AUTHORITY
2.1 Guiding Principle
2.2 University Compliance Requirements
2.3 New West Partnership Trade Agreement
3
PROCUREMENT SERVICES ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
3.1 Preferred Suppliers
4
AUTHORIZED METHODS OF PROCUREMENT
4.1 Procurement Card (PCard)
4.2 University Authorized Purchase Orders
4.2.1 Access to PeopleSoft eProcurement
4.2.2 Requisitions
4.2.3 Purchase Orders
4.2.4 Edit Requisitions or ‘Change Request’
4.2.5 Receiving
4.2.6 Return to Supplier
4.2.7 Invoicing
4.2.8 Payment
4.2.9 Purchase Requisition, Purchase Order and Invoice Variances
5
CONSTRUCTION AND RENOVATION PURCHASES
6
BIDDING PROCESS
6.1 Quote Values
6.2 Sole Source Purchases
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6.3 Sole Sourcing
6.4 Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act
6.5 Conflict of Interest - Approvals
7
TRAVEL, ACCOMMODATIONS & VEHICLE RENTALS
7.1 Vehicle Rentals
7.1.1 Local Vehicle Rental
7.1.2 Out-of-Town Vehicle Rental
8
APPENDICES
8.1 Appendix A: Competitive Bid Thresholds and Associated Procurement Methodologies
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1 Contact Information
Supply Chain Management
Hours of Operation: Monday-Friday; 8:30 am - 4:30 pm
Physical Plant Building (West Campus)
3838 – 24th Ave, NW
Calgary, AB
Telephone: (403) 220-5611
Fax: (403) 282-8451
Email: [email protected]
Web: http://www.ucalgary.ca/finance/scm
SCM Department Contact List
If there are any questions regarding the information stated in the handbook, please contact Supply Chain
Management.
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2 Purchasing Authority
Supply Chain Management (SCM) has been delegated the responsibility and authority from the University of
Calgary Board of Governors and Executive Leadership Team to administer and coordinate the procurement of
goods and services for all university departments as per institutional policy, procedures and directives. SCM
procedures will apply to the purchase of goods and services from all sources of funds administered by the
University.
2.1 Guiding Principle
To ensure acquisitions are completed in a fair, open, transparent, equitable and accountable manner with
attention to applying best practices in procurement to achieve the best value for the University.
2.2 University Compliance Requirements
Expenditure approval requirements shall comply with all the University of Calgary policies and procedures
including:
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Delegation of Authority Policy
Signing Authority Matrix
Supply Chain Management Policy
Sustainability Policy
For more information relating to University policies, please visit the University of Calgary Policy website.
2.3 New West Partnership Trade Agreement
(per, Agreement on Internal Trade [AIT], Article 1800) “Parties will provide open and non-discriminatory access
to procurement of the following government entities: (c) regional, local, district or other forms of municipal
government, school boards, publicly-funded academic, health and social service entities (MASH), as well as any
corporation or entity owned or controlled by one or more of the preceding entities where the procurement
value is: $75,000 or greater for goods/services $200,000 or greater for construction”.
“Parties shall ensure that procuring government entities post tender notices for all covered procurement
through an electronic tendering system…”
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3 Procurement Services Roles and Responsibilities
Procurement Services is responsible for the management of the University's procurement processes relating to
the acquisition and delivery of goods, services, furniture and equipment necessary to sustain the academic,
research and support service activities of the University.
Procurement Services works with Requestors and Stakeholders through collaborative and responsible processes
to achieve the best practices and best value for the University. Click here to view the SCM Procurement Roles
and Responsibilities.
3.1 Preferred Suppliers
SCM enters into agreements with local, national and international suppliers of goods and services. The
University also has access to cooperative purchasing agreements through the Canadian Association of University
Business Officers (CAUBO); Western Universities Supply Management Association (WUSMA) and Public
Purchasing Group (PPG), along with the ability to access the Government of Alberta Standing Offer Agreements.
By leveraging institutional purchasing power, the University is able to realize savings and overall best value,
which are passed onto faculty and staff in the form of time efficiencies and more efficient transactions.
Preferred suppliers are also required to meet the standards of the University Sustainability Policy.
Preferred Suppliers should be utilized to procure goods and services whenever possible. When specific
categories are not listed or when Preferred Suppliers cannot meet a Requestor’s requirements, SCM will work
with the Requestor to source an appropriate supplier.
Click here for a complete list of U of C Preferred Suppliers.
4 Authorized Methods of Procurement
Departments and faculties are required to use the following approved procurement processes in their
purchasing activities:
4.1 Procurement Card (PCard)
The University employs a Procurement Card (PCard) program to streamline the procurement process for
acquiring low risk and low dollar (under $2500) purchases of goods and services. The use of the PCard for these
types of purchases eliminates the necessity of generating purchase orders and can reduce the associated
administrative costs by as much as 75%. For information on how to obtain a PCard, click on link below:
http://www.ucalgary.ca/finance/scm/university-cards
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4.2 University Authorized Purchase Orders
Purchase Orders (PO) are issued to a supplier for the acquisition of goods and services subject to standard terms
and conditions. The University of Calgary has a centralized procurement cycle which explains the various steps
that must be completed before a purchase can be made.
4.2.1
Access to PeopleSoft eProcurement
The University of Calgary has a centralized procurement process in place to handle the purchase requests for all
departments. Purchase requests or ‘requisitions’ are submitted electronically through the PeopleSoft (PS)
eProcurement system.
To access PeopleSoft you must log into the My UofC portal.
For a full listing of all training materials and navigation basics, please visit:
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Business Process & PeopleSoft System Training; and / or
E‐Learning courses are also available through Desire2Learn (D2L) via the My U of C portal.
4.2.2 Requisitions
Requestors can identify their requirements by completing a purchase requisition detailing their requirements
using the University PS eProcurement System.
Requisitions are required for the following:
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Capital Expenditures;
Direct Connect purchases;
Radioactive and/or Hazardous Materials;
Vehicle Leases;
Purchases that may incur customs or duty clearance charges; and
Purchase of goods and/or services when PCard purchases are not available.
A requisition is NOT to be used for the following type of transactions:
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Payment of honorariums to individuals;
Payment of salaries to individuals;
Requests for travel advances;
Payments of freight;
Banking related charges;
Biobar purchases;
Expense claims / reimbursement;
Taxes; and
Stipends
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SCM can assist Requestors to determine the appropriate methodology to fulfill their purchase requirements.
Based on the complexity of the procurement initiative, a variety of procurement methodologies may be
deployed to respond to the department’s purchase request including competitive bidding, strategic sourcing,
single or sole sourcing.
4.2.2.1 Types of eProcurement Requisitions
Direct Connect
The Direct Connect web order option is a service that has been set up between the University of Calgary and
select suppliers to allow more efficient purchasing of repetitive, high volume items. It is available through the PS
eProcurement system.
Direct Connect enables the user to link to a supplier’s website, browse and search an online catalogue
with University negotiated prices, and to select items to add back into the eProcurement requisition.
The completed PS eProcurement requisition is processed through the eProcurement approval workflow. Once
the service or items have been approved, a Purchase Order is generated and dispatched automatically to the
Supplier.
Special Request
If items are not available from a University Preferred Supplier, a “Special Request” purchase requisition can be
entered in the PS eProcurement system.
General Item Requisition
Refer to the eProcurement PDF Portfolio Historical Documentation. Click on the ‘eProcurement’ folder
and scroll to the folder of requisitions job aids, then click the down arrow to download the job aids to
your computer. View the ‘Generate a Special Item Requisition’ job aid.
Once requisitions are approved by the appropriate budget owners, the approved requisition is sent to
Procurement Services to align with an appropriate purchasing methodology. Once generated, the Purchase
Order can then be dispatched to the Supplier.
Amount Only with Multiple Payments Requisition
Refer to the eProcurement PDF Portfolio Historical Documentation. Click on the ‘eProcurement’ folder
and scroll to the folder of requisitions job aids, then click the down arrow to download the job aids to
your computer. View the ‘Generate an Amount Only Requisition’ job aid.
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4.2.2.2 Reviewing and Approving Requisitions
The University PS eProcurement System follows the University Signing Authority Matrix.
Upon completion of the purchase requisition, the purchase requisition will automatically be routed to an
appropriate approver based on correct chartfields and may require:
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For Research and Trust requisitions, regardless of quantity and cost, be reviewed and approved before
they are processed;
For certain commodity approvals such as live animals, hazardous or radioactive materials will follow
existing commodity approval routing;
Approval of requisitions is the responsibility of the Dept ID Budget Owner or Project Owner. Items over
$25,000 will be automatically routed to Supply Chain Management to follow the Sourcing Guidelines
and Bidding Process;
Operational Requisitions less than $250 do not require approvals from the Dept ID Budget Owner.
4.2.3 Purchase Orders
The University of Calgary has a centralized procurement process in place to handle the purchase orders for all
departments. Only those persons authorized by the University of Calgary may commit University funds to
purchase goods and services or enter into an agreement with a supplier to purchase goods or services.
Purchase requests or ‘requisitions’ that are submitted and approved electronically through the PS eProcurement
System are processed accordingly by Procurement Services and a purchase order is dispatched to the supplier.
4.2.4 Edit Requisitions or ‘Change Request’
A requisition can be changed by the requestor in the PeopleSoft eProcurement System up to the time SCM
issues a purchase order to the supplier. The requisition will need to complete the approval process again if the
dollar amount or quantity of goods or services increases.
Once the purchase order has been submitted to the supplier, you must contact SCM in order to
complete changes. Supply Chain Management Helpdesk can be contacted:
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Phone: 403‐220‐5611
Email: [email protected]
4.2.5 Receiving
Receiving within PeopleSoft is required for all orders and services, including amount‐only requisitions and is to
be done in a timely manner. Distribution Services will receive all goods (tangible) items within PeopleSoft.
Refer to the eProcurement PDF Portfolio Historical Documentation. Click on the ‘eProcurement’ folder and
scroll to the folder of requisitions job aids, then click the down arrow to download the job aids to your
computer. View the ‘Receiving an Amount Only Requisition’ and ‘Receiving Goods on Regular Requisitions’ job
aids.
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4.2.6 Return to Supplier
In the event the Requestor has to return goods to the supplier, the Requestor shall follow the process for
Returns highlighted in the PS eProcurement System.
Refer to the eProcurement PDF Portfolio Historical Documentation. Click on the ‘eProcurement’ folder and
scroll to the folder of requisitions job aids, then click the down arrow to download the job aids to your
computer. View the ‘Monitor Your Requisition Status’ job aid.
4.2.7 Invoicing
Suppliers are expected to comply with the University of Calgary's invoicing procedures. The information
contained on the invoice must match the information on the purchase order precisely, (i.e., description of
items, unit of measure, unit price etc.).
One invoice is to contain information from only one purchase order. Any discrepancies will result in a match
exception and a delay of payment. All discrepancies must be settled before the invoice is paid by Accounts
Payable. All invoices must be mailed to [email protected] for accurate and efficient processing.
For more information, visit Accounts Payable's Invoice Payments webpage.
4.2.8
Payment
Once the line item is ‘Received’ in the PS eProcurement System, the quantity and dollar amounts on the
Purchase Order, Receipt and Invoice are matched allowing Accounts Payable to process payment to the supplier.
The Payment Status can be viewed using ‘Manage Requisitions’ in the PS eProcurement System. Refer to the
eProcurement PDF Portfolio Historical Documentation. Click on the ‘eProcurement’ folder and scroll to the
folder of requisitions job aids, then click the down arrow to download the job aids to your computer. View the
‘Monitor Your Requisition Status’ job aid.
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4.2.9 Purchase Requisition, Purchase Order and Invoice Variances
Effective:
September 15, 2011
Background: It is important to ensure that adequate financial controls exist in our procurement processes in
order to demonstrate responsible stewardship of public funds and to ensure the requirements of
various funding agencies are met.
It is equally important to ensure that the procurement process is efficient for all who are involved
and allows the University to order goods and services as expeditiously as possible.
While some system controls do exist in the procurement process, the system cannot
accommodate all of our requirements. As such, it is necessary to implement business processes
for managing price discrepancies between purchase requisitions, purchase orders and invoices.
These processes must be transparent, documented and applied consistently across all funds.
Purchase Requisition Line Item Value
Business Process
$0 to $250 (68% of all line items)
SCM to process changes up to $50 per line item
$251 to $1,000 (19% of all line items)
SCM to process changes up to $100 per line item
>$1,000 (13% of all line items)
SCM to process changes that are the lesser of 10% or $10,000
Exceptions / Further Clarification:
- SCM can process negative charges (e.g., price reductions) on
any line item regardless of the value of the change.
- All changes that exceed the thresholds noted above must be
adjusted on the purchase requisition with appropriate
approvals.
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5 Construction and Renovation Purchases
The Facilities department is responsible for creating, maintaining and renewing the buildings and spaces that
enable the research, teaching and administrative activities of the University of Calgary.
Facilities will work with departments/faculties in planning the renovation project and will coordinate all
purchase requirements with Capital Construction Procurement. This will include the tendering of
materials/equipment required for the project and the hiring of trade and/or general contractors. To initiate your
work request you can:
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Submit the request using Archibus Work Request System. The work request system can also be
accessed through the MY U of C portal > Around campus > Get help > Report a facility issue; or
Contact Facilities at [email protected]
6 Bidding Process
Supply Chain Management (SCM) shall acquire goods or services through open and transparent competitive
bidding, tendering and sole/single sourcing procurement processes. Based on the purchase amount and
complexity of the purchase requirement, SCM shall invite competitive bids from suppliers through one of the
following methods:
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Purchases between $25,000 to $75,000 require a minimum of three (3) supplier price
quotations from the marketplace;
To comply with New West Partnership Agreement (NWPTA), the University must
competitively bid and advertise purchases greater than:
o Goods and service purchase requirements and Single/Sole sources $75,000 or more in
total must be advertised on the Alberta Purchasing Connection (APC) electronic
tendering website;
o Construction purchases greater than $200,000 must be advertised on the Alberta
Purchasing Connection (APC) electronic tendering website or Calgary Construction
Association CoolNET electronic tendering system.
Alternative procurement procedures may be used in the circumstances listed below provided that they are not
used by a procuring entity to avoid competition, discriminate between suppliers, or protect suppliers of its Party
(taken from the New West Partnership Trade Agreement):
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procurements from philanthropic institutions, prison labour or persons with disabilities;
procurement from a public body or non-profit organization;
procurement of goods purchased for representation and promotional purposes, and services or
construction purchased for representational or promotional purposes outside a procuring entities’
Province;
procurement of health services and social services;
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by entities which operate sporting or convention facilities, in order to respect a commercial
agreement;
where it can be demonstrated that only one supplier is able to meet the requirements of a
procurement;
where an unforeseeable situation of urgency exists and the goods, services or construction could
not be obtained in time by means of open procurement procedures;
when the acquisition is of a confidential or privileged nature and disclosure through an open bidding
process could reasonably be expected to compromise government confidentiality, cause economic
disruption or be contrary to the public interest;
procurement of services provided by lawyers and notaries;
procurement of goods intended for resale to the public; or
procurement in the absence of a receipt of any bids in response to a call for tenders
A purchase may be excluded from this requirement (if the total value is between $25,000 and $75,000) when
the goods or services can be purchased from only one supplier as outlined in the Sole Source Justification form
located in the MyUofC portal under My work > Finance & Supply Chain > SCM service request forms. If this is the
circumstance, please complete and submit the form.
It is recommended to attach any back-up documentation (agreement executed by a representative of the
University of Calgary Board of Governors, letter) at the time the requisition is created.
6.1 Quote Values
The defining values are based on the aggregate value of the quote, not individual sub‐items.
For example – a quote for 3 different items or 3 identical units summing ≥ $75,000 follows the path for ≥ $75,000
purchase.
Departments should not split quotes to follow a less stringent path. In order to obtain the best pricing and/or
discounts, items should be quoted based on the total aggregate volume.
6.2 Sole Source Purchases
Procurement Services shall endeavor to develop supply management strategies (i.e., system supplier contracts,
standing offers, supplier certification/registries) that will consolidate low value purchases and ensure all
procurement requirements are competitively priced and sourced.
Procurement Services shall continue to investigate competitive procurement strategies that ensure the
maximization of its resources through an open and transparent competitive bid process for all purchases
regardless of value.
However, where existing competitively bid agreements are not in place, sole sourcing situations may arise.
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6.3 Sole Sourcing
Definition ‐ only one known supplier is capable of meeting the end users requirements and specifications.
Sole source purchase methodology may be exercised under the following situations:
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To ensure compatibility with existing products, to recognize exclusive rights, such exclusive licenses,
copyright and patent rights, or to maintain specialized products that must be maintained by the
manufacturer or its representative;
Where there is an absence of competition for technical reasons and the goods or services can be
supplied only be a particular supplier and no other alternative or substitute exists;
For the procurement of goods or services the supply of which is controlled by a supplier that is a
statutory monopoly;
For the purchases of goods on a commodity market;
For work to be performed on or about a leased building or portions thereof that may be
performed only by the Lessor;
For work to be performed on property by a contractor according to the provisions of a warranty or
guarantee held in respect of the property or original work;
For a contract to be awarded to the winner of a design contest;
For the procurement of a prototype of a first good or service to be developed in the course of
and for a particular contract for research, experiment, study, or original development, but not
for any subsequent purchases;
The University Researcher is duplicating a documented experiment, or is part of a research
consortium in which like equipment is being procured, and the same equipment is required to
minimize experimental error;
The new equipment is replacing damaged equipment which is, or will be, a complement to the exact
same make and model, and is required to allow continuation of experimentation previously
conducted (on the damaged equipment) or enhance an ongoing research effort (which is currently
using the same equipment);
For the purchase of goods under exceptionally advantageous circumstances such as
bankruptcy or receivership, but not for routine purchases;
The procurement of original work of art;
For the procurement of subscriptions to newspapers, magazines or other periodicals; and/or
For the procurement of real property.
As per above NWPTA exemptions.
At the discretion of Procurement Services, sole sourcing methodology may be applied:
To expenditures less than $25,000 for goods and services;
o For estimated expenditures less than $25,000 per project: relating to the services
provided by independent contractors or consultants that have been pre‐qualified or
certified by the University through an open and competitive process;
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o
When the estimated expenditure is less than $200,000 for certified construction
contractors, architectural, engineering and other professional consulting services
required with respect of the planning, design, preparation or supervision of the
construction, repair, and renovation of a work or where specific expertise is critical to
success of project.
The Sole Source request form can be accessed and completed on-line through the My UofC web portal. The
form is located under My work > Finance & Supply Chain > SCM service request forms.
6.4 Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act
The University must comply with the provisions of the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act.
This requires the University to not only provide access to information that should be in the public domain but
also an obligation to ensure confidential information that may harm a supplier’s competitive position is handled
accordingly. More information on FOIP is available in University Legal Services website.
6.5 Conflict of Interest - Approvals
For the same reasons that members of the University, including the President, do not approve their own
expense claims or purchases, an individual who may derive a personal benefit from any other financial
transaction should not approve, by themselves, any other financial transaction, whether it be the purchase of an
item of equipment, expense claim or the appointment of employees who will be engaged in financially beneficial
activities.
7 Travel, Accommodations & Vehicle Rentals
SCM manages airline and travel agency contracts for the University of Calgary. University travelers are
encouraged to book their travel through the contracted agency UNIGLOBE Beacon Travel in order to benefit
from the terms negotiated in the contract. These terms include preferred corporate rates for air, car rental and
hotel bookings. Booking all travel through the contracted agencies will result in substantial savings for the
University community. For more information, visit the SCM Travel Services website.
7.1 Vehicle Rentals
7.1.1
Local Vehicle Rental
For local vehicle rental requirements, departments/faculties are to access Discount Car and Truck Rentals’ online booking reservation, the University’s contracted supplier. Reservations can be booked using a PCard. Click
the link for additional information on Vehicle Rentals. As well vehicles can be arranged through UNIGLOBE
Beacon Travel.
7.1.2
Out-of-Town Vehicle Rental
Out of town vehicle rentals can be arranged through UNIGLOBE Beacon Travel or by a contracted Canadian
Association of University Business Officers (CAUBO) for approved car rental rates.
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8 Appendices
8.1 Appendix A: Competitive Bid Thresholds and Associated Procurement
Methodologies
Competitive Bid Thresholds
Commodity
Dollar Threshold
Procurement Methodology
Supplies of
Goods/Services
$0 - $24,999
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Minimum of one quote is required.
$25,000 - $74,999
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Minimum of three quotes or sole source is
required.
Competitive bid issued to the marketplace, at
the discretion of Procurement Services.
RFQ/RFP may be advertised on Alberta
Purchasing Connection (APC) or by ‘invitation’
only.
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Construction Services
Over $75,000
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Competitive bid issued to the marketplace.
RFQ/RFP must be advertised on APC.
Sole Source form must be completed and an
Advanced Contract Award Notice (ACAN) must
be posted on APC.
$0 - $100,000
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At the discretion of Procurement Services,
purchase may be directly sources with one of
the University Certified General Contractors.
$100,000 - $200,000
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General Contractor Services – RFP or Request
for Tender issued to a minimum of three
University Certified General Contractors.
Trade Contractor Services – RFP or Request for
Tender issued to all University Certified Trade
Contractors.
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$200,000 - $1,999,999
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15
General Contractor Services – RFP or Invitation
to Tender issued to all University Certified
General Contractors.
Trade Contractor Services – RFP or Invitation to
Tender competitive bid document must be
issued to the marketplace and advertised.
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$2 million +
Based on construction methodology, a RFP or
Invitation to Tender will be issued to the
marketplace. Competitive bid document to be
advertised on APC and/or Calgary Construction
Association CoolNet electronic tendering
website as per NWPTA guidelines.
Certified Consulting Services
Acoustic,
Architectural,
Building Code,
Building Envelope,
Cost Consulting,
Civil/Electrical/
Mechanical and
Structural
Engineering,
Geotechnical and
Project Management
$0 - $100,000
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Consultant may be single sourced from
University Certified Architect and Engineer
Consultant Registry.
$100,000 - $200,000
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RFP issued to University Certified Architect
and Engineer Consultant Registry.
$200,000 +
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Competitive bid to be issued to the
marketplace and advertised on APC.
The purchase dollar threshold is based on the total cost of the purchase transaction or consulting
project. Purchases cannot be disseminated in order to avoid a competitive bid process.
The certification of Contractors and/or Consultants shall be through an open and transparent
competitive bid process and comply with NWPTA and the University procurement policies and
procedures. A list of Certified Contractors and/ or Consultants can be found in the SCM Preferred
Supplier List.
Sole-sourced purchase requests shall comply with the University Sole Source policies and procedures and
can only be approved by Supply Chain Management. Departments must provide written justification that
clearly details the reason for not being able to adhere to or comply with the competitive bid requirement
stated in the University policy or NWPTA.
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