VIA Technologies KM400 Setup guide
Preface
Copyright
This publication, including all photographs, illustrations and software, is protected under
international copyright laws, with all rights reserved. Neither this manual, nor any of the
material contained herein, may be reproduced without written consent of the author.
Version 3.0
Disclaimer
The information in this document is subject to change without notice. The manufacturer
makes no representations or warranties with respect to the contents hereof and specifically
disclaims any implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for any particular purpose.
The manufacturer reserves the right to revise this publication and to make changes from
time to time in the content hereof without obligation of the manufacturer to notify any
person of such revision or changes.
Trademark Recognition
Microsoft, MS-DOS and Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corp.
VIA is a registered trademark of VIA Technologies, Inc.
Other product names used in this manual are the properties of their respective owners and
are acknowledged.
Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment
generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation.
If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which
can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to
correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
•
•
•
•
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna
Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver
Connect the equipment onto an outlet on a circuit different from that to which
the receiver is connected
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help
Shielded interconnect cables and a shielded AC power cable must be employed with this
equipment to ensure compliance with the pertinent RF emission limits governing this
device. Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the system’s manufacturer
could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
Preface
ii
Declaration of Conformity
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the following
conditions:
•
•
This device may not cause harmful interference, and
This device must accept any interference received, including interference
that may cause undesired operation
Canadian Department of Communications
This class B digital apparatus meets all requirements of the Canadian Interference-causing
Equipment Regulations.
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B respecte toutes les exigences du Réglement sur le
matériel brouilieur du Canada.
About the Manual
The manual consists of the following:
Chapter 1
Describes features of the motherboard.
Introducing the Motherboard
Go to
H
page 1
Describes installation of motherboard
components.
Chapter 2
Installing the Motherboard
Go to
H
page 7
Provides information on using the BIOS
Setup Utility.
Chapter 3
Using BIOS
Go to
H
page 23
Chapter 4
Describes the motherboard software
Using the Motherboard Software
Go to
Chapter 5
Provides information about SATA RAID
Setup
VIA VT8237 SATA RAID Setup Guide
Go to
Preface
H
H
page 45
page 49
iii
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Preface
i
Chapter 1
1
Introducing the Motherboard
1
Introduction.................................................................................................1
Feature..........................................................................................................2
Motherboard Components........................................................................4
Chapter 2
7
Installing the Motherboard
7
Safety Precautions......................................................................................7
Choosing a Computer Case.......................................................................7
Installing the Motherboard in a Case......................................................7
Checking Jumper Settings.........................................................................8
Setting Jumpers..............................................................................8
Checking Jumper Settings..............................................................9
Jumper Settings..............................................................................9
Connecting Case Components...............................................................10
Front Panel Header......................................................................11
Installing Hardware...................................................................................12
Installing the Processor...............................................................12
Installing Memory Modules.........................................................14
Installing a Hard Disk Drive/CD-ROM/SATA Hard Drive........15
Installing a Floppy Diskette Drive...............................................17
Installing Add-on Cards..............................................................18
Connecting Optional Devices......................................................19
Connecting I/O Devices..........................................................................22
Chapter 3
23
Using BIOS
23
About the Setup Utility............................................................................23
The Standard Configuration........................................................23
Entering the Setup Utility..............................................................23
Updating the BIOS.......................................................................25
Using BIOS................................................................................................25
Standard CMOS Features...........................................................26
Advanced BIOS Features.............................................................28
Advanced Chipset Features.........................................................30
iv
Integrated Peripherals.................................................................33
Power Management Setup...........................................................36
PNP/PCI Configurations.............................................................39
PC Health Status..........................................................................40
Frequency/Voltage Control..........................................................41
Load Fail-Safe Defaults................................................................42
Load Optimized Defaults.............................................................42
Set Password...............................................................................42
Save & Exit Setup Option.............................................................43
Exit Without Saving......................................................................43
45
Chapter 4
Using the Motherboard Software
45
About the Software CD-ROM................................................................45
Auto-installing under Windows 98/ME/2000/XP................................45
Running Setup..............................................................................46
Manual Installation..................................................................................48
Utility Software Reference.......................................................................48
Chapter 5
49
VIA VT8237 SATA RAID Setup Guide
49
VIA RAID Configurations.......................................................................49
Installing RAID Software & Drives.......................................................56
Using VIA RAID Tool..............................................................................58
Multi-Language Translation
1
Chapter 1
Introducing the Motherboard
Introduction
Thank you for choosing the KM400-M2 motherboard. This motherboard is a high performance, enhanced function motherboard that supports Socket 462 AMD processors with a
333/266/200MHz CPU front side bus.
The motherboard incorporates the VIA KM400 Northbridge (NB) and VT8237 Southbridge
(SB) chipsets. The KM400 Northbridge on this motherboard provides superior performance between the CPU, DRAM, V-Link bus and internal AGP 8X graphics controller bus
with pipelined, burst, and concurrent operation. The KM400 Northbridge supports four
banks of DDR Synchronous DRAMs up to 2 GB for unbuffered module, it also supports full
AGP v3.0 with 2X, 4X, and 8X mode transfers. Plus, the KM400 Northbridge integrates a
128-bit graphics accelerator into the chip.
The VT8237 Southbridge on this motherboard is a high integration, high performance,
power-efficient and high compatibility device that includes standard intelligent peripheral
controllers: Serial ATA dual channel controller with RAID capability, master mode enhanced IDE controller with increased reliability using UltraDMA-133/100/66 transfer protocols, IEEE 802.3 compliant 10/100Mbps PCI bus master Ethernet MAC with standard
MII interface to external PHY ceiver, Universal Serial Bus controller with four root hubs
and eight function ports, AC-link interface for AC’97 audio CODEC and modem CODEC.
The VT8237 Southbridge also supports concurrent PCI Bus controller which is compliant
with the PCI 2.2 specification.
There is an advanced full set of I/O ports in the rear panel, including PS/2 mouse and
keyboard connectors, COM1, LPT1,VGA port and four USB ports, one optional LAN port,
and audio jacks for microphone, line-in, and line-out. This motherboard is designed in a
Micro ATX form factor using a four-layer printed circuit board and measures 244 mm x 221
mm. In addition to its excellent performance, the motherboard features a host of highdefinition digital media technologies.
Introducing the Motherboard
2
Feature
Processor
The motherboard uses a 462-pin socket that carries the following features:
•
•
Accommodates AMD K7 CPUs
Supports a system bus (FSB) of 333/266/200MHz
Chipset
The KM400 Northbridge (NB) and VT8237 Southbridge (SB) chipset are based on an
innovative and scalable architecture with proven reliability and performance.
KM400(NB)
•
•
•
VT8237(SB)
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Supports 66 MHz V-Link Host interface with total bandwidth of 533 MB/s
AGP v3.0 compliant with 8X transfer mode, supporting
533MHz 8X, 266 MHz 4X, and 133 MHz 2X transfer modes
for AD and SBA signaling
Supports DDR333/266/200 (PC2700, PC2100 and PC1600
DDR SDRAM)
Supports 16-bit 66 MHz V-Link Host interface with total
bandwidth of 1066 MB/s
Compliant with PCI 2.2 specification at 33 MHz, supporting
up to 6 PCI masters
Integrated Serial ATA Host Controllers, supporting data transfer rates up to 1.5Gb/s
Integrated Dual channel UltraDMA 133/100/66 Master Mode
EIDE Controller
USB 2.0 Controller, supporting for 8 USB 2.0/1.1 ports
Network Controller, supporting enterprise class 10/100 Mb
Fast Ethernet MAC
Integrated keyboard Controller with PS2 mouse support
Memory
•
•
•
Supports DDR333/266/200 SDRAM
Accommodates two unbuffered 2.5V 184-pin slots
A total maximum capacity 2 GB
Graphics
•
•
•
•
64/32/16MB frame buffer using system memory
128-bit 2D/3D graphics engine
High quality DVD video playback
Graphics engine clocks up to 133 MHz decoupled from memory clock
Audio
•
•
•
•
Meets Microsoft WHQL/WLP 2.0 audio requirements
16-bit stereo full-duplex CODEC with 48KHz sampling rate
Compliant with AC’97 v2.3 specification
3.3V digital, 5V analog power supply
Introducing the Motherboard
3
Expansion Options
The motherboard comes with the following expansion options:
•
•
•
•
•
•
One AGP 3.0 compliant slot with 8X/4X(supports 1.5V interface only) speed
Three 32-bit PCI v2.2 compliant slots
Two 40-pin IDE low profile headers that support four IDE devices
One floppy disk drive interface
Two 7-pin SATA connectors
A Communications Networking Riser (CNR) slot
The motherboard supports Ultra DMA bus mastering with transfer rates of 133/100/66/
33 MB/s.
Onboard LAN (Optional)
The onboard LAN provides the following features:
•
•
•
•
•
Supports 10Mb/s and 100Mb/s N-way Auto-negotiation operation
Supports half/full duplex operation
MII Interface to Ethernet Controller
Supports Wake-On-LAN(WOL) function and remote wake-up
Supports power down mode
Integrated I/O
The motherboard has a full set of I/O ports and connectors:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Two PS/2 ports for mouse and keyboard
One serial port
One parallel port
One VGA port
Four USB ports
One LAN port (optional)
Audio jacks for microphone, line-in and line-out
BIOS Firmware
This motherboard uses Award BIOS that enables users to configure many system fea
tures including the following:
•
•
•
•
Power management
Wake-up alarms
CPU parameters
CPU and memroy timing
The firmware can also be used to set parameters for different processor clock speeds.
Some hardware specifications and software items are subject to change
with out prior notice.
Introducing the Motherboard
4
Motherboard Components
Introducing the Motherboard
5
Table of Motherboard Components
LABEL
1 CPU Socket
2 CPUFAN1
3 DIMM1~DIMM2
4 JP3
5 JP8~JP9
6 FDD1
7 IDE2
8 IDE1
9 SATA1~SATA2
10 SJ1
11 PANEL1
12 JP1
13 AGP1
14 USB3~USB4
15 PCI1~PCI3
16 CNR1
17 AUXIN1
18 CDIN1
19 SPDIFO1
20 AUDIO1
21 CASFAN1
22 ATX1
COMPONENT
Socket-A for AMD K7 CPUs
CPU cooling fan connector
184-pin DDR SDRAM slots
BIOS flash protect jumper
CPU Frequency jumper
Floppy disk drive connector
Secondary IDE connector
Primary IDE connector
Serial ATA connectors
Single-color LED header
Front Panel switch/LED header
Clear CMOS jumper
Accelerated Graphics Port Slot
Front Panel USB headers
32-bit add-on card slots
Communications Networking Riser slot
Auxiliary in header
Analog Audio Input connector
SPDIF out header
Front panel audio header
Case cooling fan connector
Standard 20-pin ATX power connector
This concludes Chapter 1. The next chapter explains how to install the motherboard.
Introducing the Motherboard
6
Memo
Introducing the Motherboard
7
Chapter 2
Installing the Motherboard
Safety Precautions
•
•
•
•
•
Follow these safety precautions when installing the motherboard
Wear a grounding strap attached to a grounded device to avoid damage from
static electricity
Discharge static electricity by touching the metal case of a safely grounded
object before working on the motherboard
Leave components in the static-proof bags they came in
Hold all circuit boards by the edges. Do not bend circuit boards
Choosing a Computer Case
There are many types of computer cases on the market. The motherboard complies with
the specifications for the Micro ATX system case. First, some features on the motherboard
are implemented by cabling connectors on the motherboard to indicators and switches on
the system case. Make sure that your case supports all the features required. Secondly,
KM400-M2 supports one or two floppy diskette drives and four enhanced IDE drives.
Make sure that your case has sufficient power and space for all drives that you intend to
install.
Most cases have a choice of I/O templates in the rear panel. Make sure that the I/O
template in the case matches the I/O ports installed on the rear edge of the motherboard.
This motherboard carries a Micro ATX form factor of 244 x 221 mm. Choose a case that
accommodates this form factor.
Installing the Motherboard in a Case
Refer to the following illustration and instructions for installing the motherboard in a case.
Most system cases have mounting brackets installed in the case, which correspond the holes
in the motherboard. Place the motherboard over the mounting brackets and secure the
motherboard onto the mounting brackets with screws.
Ensure that your case has an I/O template that supports the I/O ports and expansion slots
on your motherboard.
Installing the Motherboard
8
Do not over-tighten the screws as this can stress the motherboard.
Checking Jumper Settings
This section explains how to set jumpers for correct configuration of the motherboard.
Setting Jumpers
Use the motherboard jumpers to set system configuration options. Jumpers with more than
one pin are numbered. When setting the jumpers, ensure that the jumper caps are placed on
the correct pins.
The illustrations show a 2-pin jumper. When
the jumper cap is placed on both pins, the
jumper is SHORT. If you remove the jumper
cap, or place the jumper cap on just one pin,
the jumper is OPEN.
SHORT
This illustration shows a 3-pin jumper. Pins
1 and 2 are SHORT
Installing the Motherboard
OPEN
9
Checking Jumper Settings
The following illustration shows the location of the motherboard jumpers. Pin 1 is labeled.
Jumper Settings
Jumper
JP1
Type
3-pin
Description
CLEAR CMOS
Setting (default)
1-2: NORMAL
1
2-3: CLEAR
Before clearing the
CMOS, make sure to
turn the system off.
JP3
3-pin
BIOS FLASH
JP1
JP3
1-2: ENABLE
2-3: DISABLE
1
JP8/JP9
3-pin
CPU Frequency CPU FREQ
JP8
JP9
100 MHz
1-2
1-2
133 MHz
2-3
1-2
166 MHz
2-3
2-3
200 MHz
1-2
2-3
Installing the Motherboard
JP8
1
JP9
1
10
Connecting Case Components
After you have installed the motherboard into a case, you can begin connecting the motherboard components. Refer to the following:
1
2
3
4
Connect the CPU cooling fan cable to CPUFAN1.
Connect the case cooling fan connector to CASFAN1.
Connect the case switches and indicator LEDs to the PANEL1.
If there are 3 pins in the case LED cable, connect to SJ1.
Connect the standard power supply connector to ATX1.
CPUFAN1/CASFAN1: FAN Power Connectors
Pin
1
2
3
Signal Name
GND
+12V
Sense
Pin
FunctionSignal Name
System Ground
Power +12V
Sensor
SJ1: Single-color LED header
Pin
Signal Name
1
Pin
ACPI LED
Signal
Name
2
3
ACPI LED
5VSB
Installing the Motherboard
11
ACPI LED function
S0
Light
S1
Blinking
S3
Blinking
S4/S5
Dark
ATX1: ATX 20-pin Power Connector
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Signal Name
Pin
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
+3.3V
+3.3V
Ground
+5V
Ground
+5V
Ground
PWRGD
+5VSB
+12V
Signal Name
+3.3V
-12V
Ground
PS ON#
Ground
Ground
Ground
-5V
+5V
+5V
Front Panel Header
The front panel header (PANEL1) provides a standard set of switch and LED headers
commonly found on ATX or Micro ATX cases. Refer to the table below for information:
Pin
Signal
Function
Pin
Signal
Function
1
HD_LED_P Hard disk LED+
2
FP PWR/SLP *MSG LED+
3
HD_LED_N Hard disk LED-
4
FP PWR/SLP *MSG LED-
5
RST_SW_N Reset Switch
6
PWR_SW_P Power Switch
7
RST_SW_P
Reset Switch
8
PWR_SW_N Power Switch
9
RSVD
Reserved
10 Key
No pin
* MSG LED (dual color or single color)
Installing the Motherboard
12
Hard Drive Activity LED
Connecting pins 1 and 3 to a front panel mounted LED provides visual indication that data
is being read from or written to the hard drive. For the LED to function properly, an IDE
drive should be connected to the onboard IDE interface. The LED will also show activity
for devices connected to the SCSI (hard drive activity LED) connector.
Power/Sleep/Message waiting LED
Connecting pins 2 and 4 to a single or dual-color, front panel mounted LED provides power
on/off, sleep, and message waiting indication.
Reset Switch
Supporting the reset function requires connecting pin 5 and 7 to a momentary-contact
switch that is normally open. When the switch is closed, the board resets and runs POST.
Power Switch
Supporting the power on/off function requires connecting pins 6 and 8 to a momentarycontact switch that is normally open. The switch should maintain contact for at least 50 ms
to signal the power supply to switch on or off. The time requirement is due to internal debounce circuitry. After receiving a power on/off signal, at least two seconds elapses before
the power supply recognizes another on/off signal.
Installing Hardware
Installing the Processor
Caution: When installing a CPU heatsink and cooling fan make sure that
you DO NOT scratch the motherboard or any of the surface-mount
resistors with the clip of the cooling fan. If the clip of the cooling fan
scrapes across the motherboard, you may cause serious damage to the
motherboard or its components.
On most motherboards, there are small surface-mount resistors near the
processor socket, which may be damaged if the cooling fan is carelessly
installed.
Avoid using cooling fans with sharp edges on the fan casing and the clips.
Also, install the cooling fan in a well-lit work area so that you can clearly
see the motherboard and processor socket.
Before installing the Processor
This motherboard automatically determines the CPU clock frequency and system bus
frequency for the processor. You may be able to change these settings by making changes
to jumpers on the motherboard, or changing the settings in the system Setup Utility. We
strongly recommend that you do not over-clock processors or other components to run
faster than their rated speed.
Installing the Motherboard
13
Warning: Over-clocking components can adversely affect the reliability
of the system and introduce errors into your system. Over-clocking can
permanently damage the motherboard by generating excess heat in
components that are run beyond the rated limits.
This motherboard has a Socket-462 socket. When choosing a processor, consider the
performance requirements of the system. Performance is based on the processor design, the
clock speed and system bus frequency of the processor, and the quantity of internal cache
memory and external cache memory.
CPU Installation Procedure
The following illustration shows CPU installation components.
1
2
3
4
5
Install your CPU. Pull up the lever away
from the socket and lift up to 90-degree
angle.
Locate the CPU cut edge (the corner with the pin
hold noticeably missing). Align and insert the CPU
correctly.
Press the lever down and apply thermal
grease on top of the CPU.
Put the CPU Fan down on the retention
module and snap the four retention legs of
the cooling fan into place.
Flip the levers over to lock the heat sink in
place and connect the CPU cooling Fan
power cable to the CPUFAN connector. This
completes the installation.
To achieve better airflow rates and heat dissipation, we suggest that you use
a high quality fan with 4800 rpm at least. CPU fan and heatsink installation procedures may vary with the type of CPU fan/heatsink supplied. The
form and size of fan/heatsink may also vary.
Installing the Motherboard
14
Installing Memory Modules
This motherboard accommodates two 184-pin 2.5V unbuffered Double Data Rate
(DDR)SDRAM (Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory) memory modules. It can
support DDR333/266/200 (PC2700/PC2100/PC1600 Double-Data-Rate DRAM) memory
modules. The total memory capacity is 2GB.
DDR SDRAM memory module table
Memory module
Memory Bus
DDR200
DDR266
DDR333
100MHz
133MHz
166MHz
Do not remove any memory module from its antistatic packaging until
you are ready to install it on the motherboard. Handle the modules only
by their edges. Do not touch the components or metal parts. Always wear
a grounding strap when you handle the modules.
Installation Procedure
Refer to the following to install the memory modules.
1
2
3
4
5
6.
This motherboard supports unbuffered DDR SDRAM only.
Push the latches on each side of the DIMM slot down.
Align the memory module with the slot. The DIMM slots are
keyed with notches and the DIMMs are keyed with cutouts so that they can
only be installed correctly.
Check that the cutouts on the DIMM module edge connector
match the notches in the DIMM slot.
Install the DIMM module into the slot and press it firmly down
until it seats correctly. The slot latches are levered upwards and
latch on to the edges of the DIMM.
Install any remaining DIMM modules.
Installing the Motherboard
15
Installing a Hard Disk Drive/CD-ROM/SATA Hard Drive
This section describes how to install IDE devices such as a hard disk drive and a CD-ROM
drive.
About IDE Devices
Your motherboard has a primary and secondary IDE channel interface (IDE1 and IDE2).
An IDE ribbon cable supporting two IDE devices is bundled with the motherboard.
You must orient the cable connector so that the pin1 (color) edge of the
cable correspoinds to the pin 1 of the I/O port connector.
IDE1: Primary IDE Connector
The first hard drive should always be connected to IDE1.
IDE2: Secondary IDE Connector
The second drive on this controller must be set to slave mode. The cinfiguration is the same
as IDE1.
IDE devices enclose jumpers or switches used to set the IDE device as MASTER or SLAVE.
Refer to the IDE device user’s manual. Installing two IDE devices on one cable, ensure that
one device is set to MASTER and the other device is set to SLAVE. The documentation of
your IDE device explains how to do this.
Installing the Motherboard
16
About SATA Connectors
Your motherboard features two SATA connectors supporting a total of two drives. SATA
refers to Serial ATA (Advanced Technology Attachment) is the standard interface for the
IDE hard drives which are currently used in most PCs. These connectors are well designed
and will only fit in one orientation. Locate the SATA connectors on the motherboard (see
page 21) and follow the illustration below to install the SATA hard drives.
Installing Serial ATA Hard Drives
To install the Serial ATA (SATA) hard drives, use the SATA cable that supports the Serial
ATA protocol. This SATA cable comes with an SATA power cable. You can connect either
end of the SATA cable to the SATA hard drive or the connector on the motherboard.
SATA cable
Refer to
1
2
3
(optional)
SATA power cable
(optional)
the illustration below for proper installation:
Attach either cable end to the connector on the motherboard.
Attach the other cable end to the SATA hard drive.
Attach the SATA power cable to the SATA hard drive and connect the other
end to the power supply.
This motherboard does not support the “Hot-Plug” function.
Installing the Motherboard
17
Installing a Floppy Diskette Drive
The motherboard has a floppy diskette drive (FDD1) interface and ships with a diskette
drive ribbon cable that supports one or two floppy diskette drives. You can install a 5.25inch drive and a 3.5-inch drive with various capacities. The floppy diskette drive cable has
one type of connector for a 5.25-inch drive and another type of connector for a 3.5-inch
drive.
You must orient the cable connector so that the pin 1 (color) edge of the
cable corresponds to the pin 1 of the I/O port connector.
FDD1: Floppy Disk Connector
This connector supports the provided floppy drive ribbon cable. After connecting the single
end to the onboard floppy connector, connect the remaining plugs on the other end to the
floppy drives correspondingly.
Installing the Motherboard
18
Installing Add-on Cards
The slots on this motherboard are designed to hold expansion cards and connect them to the
system bus. Expansion slots are a means of adding or enhancing the motherboard’s features
and capabilities. With these efficient facilities, you can increase the motherboard’s capabilities by adding hardware that performs tasks that are not part of the basic system.
AGP Slot
The AGP slot is used to install a graphics adapter that supports the 8X/4X
AGP specification. It is AGP 3.0 compliant.
PCI Slots
This motherboard is equipped with three standard PCI slots. PCI stands for
Peripheral Component Interconnect and is a bus standard for expansion
cards, which for the most part, is a supplement of the older ISA bus standard.
The PCI slots on this board are PCI v2.2 compliant.
CNR Slot
This slot is used to insert CNR cards with Modem and Audio functionality.
Before installing an add-on card, check the documentation for the card
carefully. If the card is not Plug and Play, you may have to manually
configure the card before installation.
Installing the Motherboard
19
Follow these instructions to install an add-on card:
1
2
3
Remove a blanking plate from the system case corresponding to the slot you
are going to use.
Install the edge connector of the add-on card into the expansion slot. Ensure
that the edge connector is correctly seated in the slot.
Secure the metal bracket of the card to the system case with a screw.
For some add-on cards, for example graphics adapters and network adapters, you have to install drivers and software before you can begin using the
add-on card.
Connecting Optional Devices
Refer to the following for information on connecting the motherboard’s
optional devices:
Installing the Motherboard
20
SATA1/SATA2: Serial ATA connectors
These connectors are use to support the new Serial ATA devices for the highest date transfer
rates (150 MB/s), simpler disk drive cabling and easier PC assembly. It eliminates limitations
of the current Parallel ATA interface. But maintains register compatibility and software
compatibility with Parallel ATA.
Pin
Signal Name
1
3
5
7
Pin
2
4
6
-
Ground
TXRXGround
Signal Name
TX+
Ground
RX+
-
USB3/USB4: Front Panel USB headers
The motherboard has four USB ports installed on the rear edge I/O port array. Additionally,
some computer cases have USB ports at the front of the case. If you have this kind of case,
use auxiliary USB connectors to connect the front-mounted ports to the motherboard.
Pin
Pin
SignalSignal
Name Name
Function
Function
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
USBPWR
Front Panel USB Power
USBPWR
Front Panel USB Power
USB_FP_P0-
USB Port 0 Negative Signal
USB_FP_P1-
USB Port 1 Negative Signal
USB_FP_P0+
USB Port 0 Positive Signal
USB_FP_P1+
USB Port 1 Positive Signal
GND
Ground
8
9
10
GND
Ground
Key
No pin
USB_FP_OC0
Overcurrent signal
Please make sure that the USB cable has the same pin assignment as
indicated above. A different pin assignment may cause damage or system
hang-up.
SPDIFO1: SPDIF out header
This is an optional header that provides an S/PDIF (Sony/Philips Digital Interface) output
to digital multimedia device through optical fiber or coaxial connector.
Pin
1
2
3
4
Signal Name
SPDIF
+5VA
Key
GND
Function
SPDIF digital output
5V analog Power
No pin
Ground
Installing the Motherboard
21
AUDIO1: Front Panel Audio header
This header allows the user to install auxiliary front-oriented microphone and line-out ports
for easier access.
Pin
Signal Name
Function
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
AUD_MIC
Front Panel Microphone input signal
AUD_GND
Ground used by Analog Audio Circuits
8
9
10
Key
No Pin
AUD_F_L
Left Channel Audio signal to Front Panel
AUD_RET_L
Left Channel Audio signal to Return from Front Panel
AUD_MIC_BIAS Microphone Power
AUD_VCC
Filtered +5V used by Analog Audio Circuits
AUD_F_R
Right Channel audio signal to Front Panel
AUD_RET_R
RightChannelAudiosignaltoReturnfromFrontPanel
REVD
Reserved
AUXIN1: Auxiliary In header
This connector is an additional line-in audio connector. It allows you to attach a line-in
cable when your rear line-in jack is set as line out port for 4-channel function.
Pin
1
2
3
4
Signal Name
AUX_L
GND
GND
AUX_R
Function
AXU In left channel
Ground
Ground
AXU In right channel
CDIN1: Analog Audio Input connector
Pin
1
2
3
4
Signal Name
CD in_L
GND
GND
CD in_R
Function
CD In left channel
Ground
Ground
CD In right channel
Installing the Motherboard
22
Connecting I/O Devices
The backplane of the motherboard has the following I/O ports:
PS2 Mouse
Use the upper PS/2 port to connect a PS/2 pointing device.
PS2 Keyboard
Use the lower PS/2 port to connect a PS/2 keyboard.
Parallel Port (LPT1) Use LPT1 to connect printers or other parallel communications
devices.
Serial Ports(COM1) Use the COM1 port to connect serial devices such as mice or
fax/modems.
VGA Port
LAN Port
Connect your monitor to the VGA port
(optional)
Connect an RJ-45 jack to the LAN port to connect your com
puter to the Network.
USB Ports
Use the USB ports to connect USB devices.
Audio Ports
Use the three audio ports to connect audio devices. The first jack
is for stereo line-in signal. The second jack is for stereo line-out
signal. The third jack is for microphone.
This concludes Chapter 2. The next chapter covers the BIOS.
Installing the Motherboard
23
Chapter 3
Using BIOS
About the Setup Utility
The computer uses the latest Award BIOS with support for Windows Plug and Play. The
CMOS chip on the motherboard contains the ROM setup instructions for configuring the
motherboard BIOS.
The BIOS (Basic Input and Output System) Setup Utility displays the system’s configuration status and provides you with options to set system parameters. The parameters are
stored in battery-backed-up CMOS RAM that saves this information when the power is
turned off. When the system is turned back on, the system is configured with the values you
stored in CMOS.
The BIOS Setup Utility enables you to configure:
•
Hard drives, diskette drives and peripherals
•
Video display type and display options
•
Password protection from unauthorized use
•
Power Management features
The settings made in the Setup Utility affect how the computer performs. Before using the
Setup Utility, ensure that you understand the Setup Utility options.
This chapter provides explanations for Setup Utility options.
The Standard Configuration
A standard configuration has already been set in the Setup Utility. However, we recommend
that you read this chapter in case you need to make any changes in the future.
This Setup Utility should be used:
•
when changing the system configuration
•
when a configuration error is detected and you are prompted to make changes
to the Setup Utility
•
when trying to resolve IRQ conflicts
•
when making changes to the Power Management configuration
•
when changing the password or making other changes to the Security Setup
Entering the Setup Utility
When you power on the system, BIOS enters the Power-On Self Test (POST) routines.
POST is a series of built-in diagnostics performed by the BIOS. After the POST routines are
completed, the following message appears:
Using BIOS
24
Press DEL to enter SETUP
Pressing the delete key accesses the BIOS Setup Utility:
Phoenix-AwardBIOS CMOS Setup Utility:
f Standard CMOS Features
f Advanced BIOS Features
f Advanced Chipset Features
f Integrated Peripherals
fPower Management Setup
f PnP/PCI Configurations
f PC Health Status
fFrequency/Voltage Control
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
Load Optimized Defaults
Set Supervisor Password
Set User Password
Save & Exit Setup
Exit Without Saving
mnlk
Esc: Quit
F10: Save & Exit Setup
: Select Item
Time, Date, Hard Disk Type...
BIOS Navigation Keys
The BIOS navigation keys are listed below:
KEY
ESC
FUNCTION
Exits the current menu
oqrt
Scrolls through the items on a menu
+/-/PU/PD
Modifies the selected field’s values
F10
Saves the current configuration and exits setup
F1
Displays a screen that describes all key functions
F5
Loads previously saved values to CMOS
F6
Loads a minimum configuration for troubleshooting
F7
Loads an optimum set of values for peak performance
Using BIOS
25
Updating the BIOS
You can download and install updated BIOS for this motherboard from the manufacturer’s
Web site. New BIOS provides support for new peripherals, improvements in performance,
or fixes for known bugs. Install new BIOS as follows:
1
If your motherboard has a BIOS protection jumper, change the setting to allow
BIOS flashing.
2
If your motherboard has an item called Firmware Write Protect in Advanced
BIOS features, disable it. (Firmware Write Protect prevents BIOS from being
overwritten.
3
Create a bootable system disk. (Refer to Windows online help for information
on creating a bootable system disk.)
4
Download the Flash Utility and new BIOS file from the manufacturer’s Web
site. Copy these files to the system diskette you created in Step 3.
5
Turn off your computer and insert the system diskette in your computer’s
diskette drive. (You might need to run the Setup Utility and change the boot
priority items on the Advanced BIOS Features Setup page, to force your
computer to boot from the floppy diskette drive first.)
6
At the A:\ prompt, type the Flash Utility program name and press <Enter>.
7
Type the filename of the new BIOS in the “File Name to Program” text box.
Follow the onscreen directions to update the motherboard BIOS.
8
When the installation is complete, remove the floppy diskette from the diskette
drive and restart your computer. If your motherboard has a Flash BIOS jumper,
reset the jumper to protect the newly installed BIOS from being overwritten.
Using BIOS
When you start the Setup Utility, the main menu appears. The main menu of the Setup
Utility displays a list of the options that are available. A highlight indicates which option is
currently selected. Use the cursor arrow keys to move the highlight to other options. When
an option is highlighted, execute the option by pressing <Enter>.
Some options lead to pop-up dialog boxes that prompt you to verify that you wish to
execute that option. Other options lead to dialog boxes that prompt you for information.
Some options (marked with a triangle f ) lead to submenus that enable you to change the
values for the option. Use the cursor arrow keys to scroll through the items in the submenu.
In this manual, default values are enclosed in parenthesis. Submenu items are denoted by a
triangle f .
Using BIOS
26
Standard CMOS Features
This option displays basic information about your system.
Phoenix-AwardBIOS CMOS Setup Utility
Standard CMOS Features
f
f
f
f
Date (mm:dd:yy)
Time (hh:mm:ss)
IDE Primary Master
IDE Primary Slave
IDE Secondary Master
IDE Secondary Slave
Drive A
Drive B
Floppy 3 Mode Support
Video
Halt On
Base Memory
Extended Memory
Total Memory
Mon, Nov 17 2003
13 : 4 : 54
Item Help
Menu Level
f
[1.44M, 3.5 in.]
[None]
[Disabled]
[EGA/VGA]
[All, But Keyboard]
640K
65535K
1024K
mnlk
: Move
Enter: Select +/-/PU/PD:Value F10:Save ESC:Exit F1: General Help
F5:Previous Values
F6:Fail-Safe Defaults
F7:Optimized Defaults
Date and Time
The Date and Time items show the current date and time on the computer. If
you are running a Windows OS, these items are automatically updated whenever you make
changes to the Windows Date and Time Properties utility.
fIDE Devices (None)
Your computer has two IDE channels (Primary and Secondary) and each channel can be
installed with one or two devices (Master and Slave). Use these items to
configure each device on the IDE channel.
Press <Enter> to display the IDE submenu:
Phoenix-AwardBIOS CMOS Setup Utility
IDE Channel 1 Slave
IDE HDD Auto-Detection
IDE Channel 1 Slave
Access Mode
Capacity
Cylinder
Head
Precomp
Landing Zone
Sector
[ Press Enter]
[Auto]
[Auto]
0 MB
0
0
0
0
0
Item Help
Menu Level
ff
To auto-detect the
HDD’s size, head...on
this channel
mnlk : Move
Enter: Select +/-/PU/PD:Value F10:Save ESC:Exit F1: General Help
F5:Previous Values
F6:Fail-Safe Defaults
F7:Optimized Defaults
IDE HDD Auto-Detection
Press <Enter> while this item is highlighted to prompt the Setup Utility to
automatically detect and configure an IDE device on the IDE channel.
Using BIOS
27
If you are setting up a new hard disk drive that supports LBA mode, more
than one line will appear in the parameter box. Choose the line that lists
LBA for an LBA drive.
IDE Primary/Secondary Master/Slave (Auto)
Leave this item at Auto to enable the system to automatically detect and configure
IDE devices on the channel. If it fails to find a device, change the value to Manual and
then manually configure the drive by entering the characteristics of the drive in the
items described below.
Refer to your drive’s documentation or look on the drive casing if you need to obtain
this information. If no device is installed, change the value to None.
Before attempting to configure a hard disk drive, ensure that you have the
configuration information supplied by the manufacturer of your hard
drive. Incorrect settings can result in your system not recognizing the
installed hard disk.
Access Mode (Auto)
This item defines ways that can be used to access IDE hard disks such as LBA (Large
Block Addressing). Leave this value at Auto and the system will automatically decide
the fastest way to access the hard disk drive.
Press <Esc> to return to the Standard CMOS Features page.
Drive A/Drive B (1.44M, 3.5 in./None)
These items define the characteristics of any diskette drive attached to the system.
You can connect one or two diskette drives.
Floppy 3 Mode Support (Disabled)
Floppy 3 mode refers to a 3.5-inch diskette with a capacity of 1.2 MB. Floppy 3 mode
is sometimes used in Japan.
Video (EGA/VGA)
This item defines the video mode of the system. This motherboard has a built-in VGA
graphics system; you must leave this item at the default value.
Halt On (All, But Keyboard)
This item defines the operation of the system POST (Power On Self Test) routine. You
can use this item to select which types of errors in the POST are sufficient to halt the
system.
Base Memory, Extended Memory, and Total Memory
These items are automatically detected by the system at start up time. These are
display-only fields. You cannot make changes to these fields.
Using BIOS
28
Advanced BIOS Features
This option defines advanced information about your system.
Phoenix-AwardBIOS CMOS Setup Utility
Advanced BIOS Features
ATA 66/100 IDE Cable Msg.
Quick Power On Self Test
First Boot Device
Second Boot Device
Third Boot Device
Boot Other Device
Swap Floppy Drive
Boot Up Floppy Seek
Boot Up NumLock Status
Gate A20 Option
Typematic Rate Setting
X Typematic Rate (Chars/Sec )
X Typematic Delay (Msec)
Security Option
APIC Mode
OS Select For DRAM > 64MB
HDD S.M.A.R.T. Capability
Video BIOS Shadow
Small Logo (EPA) Show
mnlk : Move
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Floppy]
[HDD-0]
[CDROM]
[Enabled]
[Disabled]
[Disabled]
[On]
[Fast]
[Disabled]
6
250
[Setup]
[Enabled]
[Non-OS2]
[Disabled]
[Enabled]
[Disabled]
Enter: Select +/-/PU/PD:Value
F5:Previous Values F6:Fail-Safe Defaults
Item Help
Menu Level
f
F10:Save ESC:Exit F1: General Help
F7:Optimized Defaults
ATA 66/100 IDE Cable Msg. (Enabled)
This item enables or disables the display of the ATA 66/100 Cable MSG.
Quick Power On Self Test (Enabled)
Enable this item to shorten the power on testing (POST) and have your system start
up faster. You might like to enable this item after you are confident that your system
hardware is operating smoothly.
First/Second/Third Boot Device (Floppy/HDD-0/CDROM)
Use these three items to select the priority and order of the devices that your system
searches for an operating system at start-up time.
Boot Other Device (Enabled)
When enabled, the system searches all other possible locations for an operating system if
it fails to find one in the devices specified under the First, Second, and Third boot devices.
Swap Floppy Drive (Disabled)
If you have two floppy diskette drives in your system, this item allows you to swap the
assigned drive letters so that drive A becomes drive B, and drive B becomes drive A.
Boot Up Floppy Seek (Disabled)
If this item is enabled, it checks the size of the floppy disk drives at start-up time. You
don’t need to enable this item unless you have a legacy diskette drive with 360K capacity.
Boot Up NumLock Status (On)
This item defines if the keyboard Num Lock key is active when your system is started.
Using BIOS
29
Gate A20 Option (Fast)
This item defines how the system handles legacy software that was written for an earlier
generation of processors. Leave this item at the default value.
Typematic Rate Setting (Disabled)
If this item is enabled, you can use the following two items to set the typematic rate and the
typematic delay settings for your keyboard.
•
Typematic Rate (Chars/Sec): Use this item to define how many characters
per second are generated by a held-down key.
•
Typematic Delay (Msec): Use this item to define how many milliseconds must
elapse before a held-down key begins generating repeat characters.
Security Option (Setup)
If you have installed password protection, this item defines if the password is required at
system start up, or if it is only required when a user tries to enter the Setup Utility.
APIC Mode (Enabled)
This item allows you to enable or disable the APIC (Advanced Programmable Interrupt
Controller) mode. APIC provides symmetric multi-processing (SMP) for systems, allowing
support for up to 60 processors.
OS Select For DRAM > 64 MB (Non-OS2)
This item is only required if you have installed more than 64 MB of memory and you are
running the OS/2 operating system. Otherwise, leave this item at the default.
HDD S.M.A.R.T Capability (Disabled)
The S.M.A.R.T. (Self-Monitoring, Analysis, and Reporting Technology) system is a
diagnostics technology that monitors and predicts device performance. S.M.A.R.T.
software resides on both the disk drive and the host computer.
Video BIOS Shadow (Enabled)
This item determines whether the BIOS will be copied to RAM for faster execution.
Small Logo (EPA) Show (Disabled)
Enables or disables the display of the EPA logo during boot.
Using BIOS
30
Advanced Chipset Features
These items define critical timing parameters of the motherboard. You should leave the
items on this page at their default values unless you are very familiar with the technical
specifications of your system hardware. If you change the values incorrectly, you may
introduce fatal errors or recurring instability into your system.
Phoenix-AwardBIOS CMOS Setup Utility
Advanced Chipset Feature
f DRAM Clock/Timing Control
f AGP & P2P Bridge Control
System BIOS Cacheable
Video RAM Cacheable
[Press Enter]
[Press Enter]
[Disabled]
[Disabled]
Item Help
Menu Level
f
mnlk: Move
Enter: Select +/-/PU/PD:Value F10:Save ESC:Exit F1: General Help
F5:Previous Values
F6:Fail-Safe Defaults
F7:Optimized Defaults
fDRAM Clock/Timing Control (Press Enter)
Scroll to this item and press <Enter> to view the following screen:
Phoenix-AwardBIOS CMOS Setup Utility
DRAM Clock/Drive Control
X
X
X
X
X
Current FSB Frequency
Current DRAM Frequency
DRAM Clock
DRAM Timing
DRAM CAS Latency
Bank Interleave
Precharge to Active (Trp)
Active to Precharge(Tras)
Active to CMD(Trcd)
DRAM Burst Length
DRAM Command Rate
Item Help
[By SPD]
[Auto By SPD]
2.5
Disabled
2T
7T
2T
[4]
[2T Command]
Menu Level
ff
mnlk: Move
Enter: Select +/-/PU/PD:Value F10:Save ESC:Exit F1: General Help
F5:Previous Values
F6:Fail-Safe Defaults
F7:Optimized Defaults
Current FSB Frequency
This item displays the frontside bus (FSB) frequency. This is a display-only item. You
cannot make changes to this field.
Current DRAM Frequency
This item displays the memory (DRAM) frequency. This is a display-only item. You cannot
make changes to this field.
Using BIOS
31
DRAM Clock (By SPD)
This item enables you to manually set the DRAM Clock. We recommend that you leave this
item at the default value.
DRAM Timing (Auto By SPD)
Set this to the default value to enable the system to automatically set the SDRAM timing by
SPD (Serial Presence Detect). SPD is an EEPROM chip on the DIMM module that stores
information about the memory chips it contains, including size, speed, voltage, row and
column addresses, and manufacturer. If you disable this item, you can use the following three
items to manually set the timing parameters for the system memory.
•
DRAM CAS Latency (2.5): Enables you to select the CAS latency time in
HCLKs of 2/2 or 3/3. The value is set at the factory depending on the DRAM
installed. Do not change the values in this field unless you change specifications
of the installed DRAM or the installed CPU.
•
Bank Interleave (Disabled): Enable this item to increase memory speed.
When enabled, separate memory banks are set for odd and even addresses and the
next byte of memory can be accessed while the current byte is being refreshed.
•
Precharge to Active (3T): This item is used to designate the minimum Row
Precharge time of the SDRAM devices on the module.
•
•
DRAM must continually be refreshed or it will lose its data. Normally, DRAM is
refreshed entirely as the result of a single request. This option allows you to
determine the number of CPU clocks allocated for the Row Address Strobe (RAS)
to accumulate its charge before the DRAM is refreshed. If insufficient time is
allowed, refresh may be incomplete and data lost.
Active to Precharge(Tras)(7T): This item specifies the number of clock
cycles needed after a bank active command before a precharge occur.
Active to CMD (3T): This item specifies the minimum required delay between
activation of different rows.
DRAM Burst Length(4)
This item describes which burst lengths are supported by the devices on the motherboard. 1
level can provide faster performance but may result in instability whereas 8 level gives the
most stable but slowest performance.
DRAM Command Rate (2T Command)
This item enables you to specify the waiting time for the CPU to issue the next command
after issuing the command to the DDR memory. We recommend that you leave this item at
the default value.
Press <Esc> to return to the Advanced Chipset Features page.
Using BIOS
32
f AGP & P2P Bridge Control (Press Enter)
Scroll to this item and press <Enter> to view the following screen:
Phoenix-AwardBIOS CMOS Setup Utility
AGP & P2P Bridge Control
AGP Aperture Size
AGP Mode
AGP Driving Control
X AGP Driving Value
AGP Fast Write
AGP Master 1 WS Write
AGP Master 1 WS Read
AGP 3.0 Calibration Cycle
VGA Share Memory Size
mnlk: Move
Enter: Select
F5:Previous Values
[128M]
[4X]
[Auto]
DA
[Disabled]
[Disabled]
[Disabled]
[Enabled]
[32M]
Item Help
Menu Level
ff
+/-/PU/PD:Value F10:Save ESC:Exit F1: General Help
F6:Fail-Safe Defaults F7:Optimized Defaults
AGP Aperture Size(128M)
This setting controls just how much system RAM can be allocated to AGP for video
purposes. The aperture is a portion of the PCI memory address range dedicated to graphics
memory address space. Host cycles that hit the aperture range are forwarded to the AGP
without any translation.
AGP Mode (4X)
Set this option to enable if you want the AGP bus to make use of the AGP 4X transfer
protocol to boost the AGP bus bandwidth. If it is set to disabled, then the AGP bus is only
allowed to use the AGP 1X or AGP 2X transfer protocol.
AGP Driving Control (Auto)
This item is used to signal driving current on AGP cards to auto or manual. Some AGP cards
need stronger than normal driving current in order to operate. We recommend that you set
this item to the default.
•
AGP Driving Value: When AGP Driving Control is set to Manual, use this item
to set the AGP current driving value.
AGP Fast Write (Disabled)
This item lets you enable or disable the caching of display data for the video memory of the
processor. Enabling this item can greatly improve the display speed. Disable this item if
your graphics display card does not support this feature.
AGP Master 1 WS Write (Disabled)
This implements a single delay when writing to the AGP Bus. By default, two-wait states are
used by the system, providing greater stability.
AGP Master 1 WS Read (Disabled)
This implements a single delay when reading to the AGP Bus. By default, two-wait states are
used by the system, allowing for greater stability
AGP 3.0 Calibration Cycle (Enabled)
This item is used to implement dynamic compensation to recalibrate the AGP bus over time
for AGP 3.0 compatible chipset.
Using BIOS
33
VGA Share Memory Size (32M)
This item allows you to select the shared memory size for VGA usage.
Press <Esc> to return to the Advanced Chipset Features screen.
System BIOS Cacheable (Disabled)
When this item is enabled, the System BIOS will be cached for faster execution.
Video RAM Cacheable (Disabled)
When this is enabled, the Video RAM will be cached resulting to better performance.
However, if any program was written to this memory area, this may result to system error.
Integrated Peripherals
These options display items that define the operation of peripheral components on the
system’s input/output ports.
Phoenix-AwardBIOS CMOS Setup Utility
Integrated Peripherals
f VIA OnChip IDE Device
f VIA OnChip PCI Device
Onboard LAN Device
Onboard LAN Boot ROM
f SuperIO Device
Init Display First
mnlk: Move
[Press Enter]
[Press Enter]
[Enabled]
[Disabled]
[Press Enter]
[PCI Slot]
Item Help
Menu Level
f
Enter: Select +/-/PU/PD:Value F10:Save ESC:Exit F1: General Help
F5:Previous Values
F6:Fail-Safe Defaults F7:Optimized Defaults
fVIA OnChip IDE Device (Press Enter)
Scroll to this item and press <Enter> to view the following screen:
Phoenix-AwardBIOS CMOS Setup Utility
VIA OnChip IDE Device
OnChip SATA
OnChip IDE Channel0
OnChip IDE Channel1
IDE Prefetch Mode
Primary Master PIO
Primary Slave PIO
Secondary Master PIO
Secondary Slave PIO
Primary Master UDMA
Primary Slave UDMA
Secondary Master UDMA
Secondary Slave UDMA
IDE HDD Block Mode
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Auto]
[Auto]
[Auto]
[Auto]
[Auto]
[Auto]
[Auto]
[Auto]
[Enabled]
mnlk : Move
Item Help
Menu Level
ff
Enter: Select +/-/PU/PD:Value F10:Save ESC:Exit F1: General Help
F5:Previous Values
F6:Fail-Safe Defaults F7:Optimized Defaults
Using BIOS
34
OnChip SATA (Enabled)
This option allows you enable or disable the onboard Serial ATA device.
On-Chip IDE Channel 0/1 (Enabled)
Use these items to enable or disable the PCI IDE channels that are integrated on the
motherboard.
IDE Prefetch Mode (Enabled)
The onboard IDE drive interfaces supports IDE prefetching, for faster drive access. If you
install a primary and secondary add-in IDE interface, set this field to Disabled if the
interface does not support prefetching.
Primary/Secondary Master/Slave PIO (Auto)
Each IDE channel supports a master device and a slave device. These four items let you
assign which kind of PIO (Programmed Input/Output) is used by IDE devices. Choose Auto
to let the system auto detect which PIO mode is best, or select a PIO mode from 0-4.
Primary/Secondary Master/Slave UDMA (Auto)
Each IDE channel supports a master device and a slave device. This motherboard supports
UltraDMA technology, which provides faster access to IDE devices.
If you install a device that supports UltraDMA, change the appropriate item on this list to
Auto. You may have to install the UltraDMA driver supplied with this motherboard in order
to use an UltraDMA device.
IDE HDD Block Mode (Enabled)
Enable this field if your IDE hard drive supports block mode. Block mode enables BIOS to
automatically detect the optimal number of block read and writes per sector that the drive
can support and improves the speed of access to IDE devices.
Press <Esc> to return to the Integrated Peripherals screen.
fVIA OnChip PCI Device (Press Enter)
Scroll to this item and press <Enter> to view the following screen:
Phoenix-AwardBIOS CMOS Setup Utility
VIA OnChip PCI Device
AC97 Audio
MC97 Modem
OnChip USB Controller
USB 2.0 Support
USB Legacy Support
USB Mouse Support
Enter: Select
mnlk: Move
F5:Previous Values
[Auto]
[Auto]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]]
Item Help
Menu Level
ff
+/-/PU/PD:Value F10:Save ESC:Exit F1: General Help
F6:Fail-Safe Defaults
F7:Optimized Defaults
AC97 Audio (Auto)
Enables and disables the onboard audio chip. Disable this item if you are going to install a
PCI audio add-in card.
Using BIOS
35
MC97 Modem (Auto)
Enables and disables the onboard modem. Disable this item if you are going to install an
external modem.
OnChip USB Controller (Enabled)
Enable this item if you plan to use the Universal Serial Bus ports on this mainboard.
USB 2.0 Support (Enabled)
Enable this item if want to use the USB 2.0.
USB Legacy Support (Enabled)
This item allows the BIOS to interact with a USB keyboard or mouse to work with MS-DOS
based utilities and non-Windows modes.
USB Mouse Support (Enabled)
Enable this item if you plan to use a mouse connected through the USB port in a legacy
operating system (such as DOS) that does not support Plug and Play.
Press <Esc> to return to the Integrated Peripherals screen.
Onboard LAN Device (Enabled)
Enables and disables the onboard LAN chip.
Onboard LAN Boot ROM (Disabled)
Use this item to enable and disable the booting from the onboard LAN or a network add-in
card with a remote boot ROM installed.
fSuperIO Device (Press Enter)
Scroll to this item and press <Enter> to view the following screen:
Phoenix-AwardBIOS CMOS Setup Utility
SuperIO Device
Onboard FDC Controller
Onboard Serial Port1
Onboard Parallel Port
Parallel Port Mode
ECP Mode Use DMA
[Enabled]
[3F8/IRQ4]
[378/IRQ7]
[ECP]
[3]
Item Help
Menu Level
ff
mnlk : Move
Enter: Select +/-/PU/PD:Value F10:Save ESC:Exit F1: General Help
F5:Previous Values
F6:Fail-Safe Defaults
F7:Optimized Defaults
Onboard FDC Controller (Enabled)
Select Enabled if your system has a floppy disk controller (FDC) installed on the system
board and you wish to use it. If you install an add-in FDC or the system has no floppy drive,
select Disabled in this field.
Onboard Serial Port1 (3F8/IRQ4)
This option is used to assign the I/O address and interrupt request (IRQ) for onboard serial
port1 (COM1).
Using BIOS
36
Onboard Parallel Port (378/IRQ7)
This option is used to assign the I/O address and interrupt request (IRQ) for the onboard
parallel port.
Parallel Port Mode (ECP)
Enables you to set the data transfer protocol for your parallel port. There are four options:
SPP (Standard Parallel Port), EPP (Enhanced Parallel Port), ECP (Extended Capabilities
Port), and ECP+EPP.
SPP allows data output only. Extended Capabilities Port (ECP) and Enhanced Parallel Port
(EPP) are bi-directional modes, allowing both data input and output. ECP and EPP modes
are only supported with EPP- and ECP-aware peripherals.
ECP Mode Use DMA (3)
When the onboard parallel port is set tp ECP mode, the parallel port can use DMA3 or
DMA1.
Press <Esc> to return to the Integrated Peripherals screen.
Init Display First (PCI Slot)
Use this item to specify whether your graphics adapter is installed in one of the PCI slots or
is integrated on the motherboard.
Power Management Setup
This option lets you control system power management. The system has various powersaving modes including powering down the hard disk, turning off the video, suspending to
RAM, and software power down that allows the system to be automatically resumed by
certain events.
The power-saving modes can be controlled by timeouts. If the system is inactive for a time,
the timeouts begin counting. If the inactivity continues so that the timeout period elapses,
the system enters a power-saving mode. If any item in the list of Reload Global Timer
Events is Enabled, then any activity on that item will reset the timeout counters to zero.
If the system is suspended or has been powered down by software, it can be resumed by a
wake up call that is generated by incoming traffic to a modem, a LAN card, a PCI card,
or a fixed alarm on the system realtime clock
Phoenix-AwardBIOS CMOS Setup Utility
Power Management Setup
f
Power Management Option
HDD Power Down
Suspend Mode
Video Off Option
Video Off Method
MODEM Use IRQ
Soft-Off by PWRBTN
PWRON After PWR-Fail
IRQ/Event Activity Detect
[User Define]
[Disabled]
[Disabled]
[Susp, Stby->Off]
[DPMS Support]
[3]
[Instant-Off]
[Off]
[Press Enter]
mnlk : Move
Item Help
Menu Level
f
Enter: Select +/-/PU/PD:Value F10:Save ESC:Exit F1: General Help
F5:Previous Values
F6:Fail-Safe Defaults
F7:Optimized Defaults
Using BIOS
37
Power Management Option (User Define)
This item acts like a master switch for the power-saving modes and hard disk timeouts. If
this item is set to Max Saving, power-saving modes occur after a short timeout. If this item
is set to Min Saving, power-saving modes occur after a longer timeout. If the item is set to
User Define, you can insert your own timeouts for the power-saving modes.
HDD Power Down (Disabled)
The IDE hard drive will spin down if it is not accessed within a specified length of time.
Options are from 1 Min to 15 Min and Disable.
Suspend Mode (Disabled)
The CPU clock will be stopped and the video signal will be suspended if no Power Management events occur for a specified length of time. Full power function will return when a
Power Management event is detected. Options are from 1 Min to 1 Hour and Disable.
Video Off Option (Susp -->Off)
This option defines if the video is powered down when the system is put into suspend mode.
Video Off Method (DPMS Support)
This item defines how the video is powered down to save power. This item is set to DPMS
(Display Power Management Software) by default.
MODEM Use IRQ (3)
If you want an incoming call on a modem to automatically resume the system from a powersaving mode, use this item to specify the interrupt request line (IRQ) that is used by the
modem. You might have to connect the fax/modem to the motherboard Wake On Modem
connector for this feature to work.
Soft-Off by PWRBTN (Instant-Off)
Under ACPI (Advanced Configuration and Power management Interface) you can create a
software power down. In a software power down, the system can be resumed by Wake Up
Alarms. This item lets you install a software power down that is controlled by the power
button on your system. If the item is set to Instant-Off, then the power button causes a
software power down. If the item is set to Delay 4 Sec. then you have to hold the power
button down for four seconds to cause a software power down.
PWRON After PWR-Fail (Off)
This item enables your computer to automatically restart to its last operating status after
power returns from a power failure.
Using BIOS
38
fIRQ/Event Activity Detect (Press Enter)
Scroll to this item and press <Enter> to view the following screen:
Phoenix-AwardBIOS CMOS Setup Utility
IRQ/Event Activity Detect
VGA
LPT & COM
HDD & FDD
PCI Master
PowerOn by PCI Card
Modem Ring Resume
RTC Alarm Resume
X Date (of Month)
X Resume Time (hh:mm:ss)
IRQs Activity Monitoring
[OFF]
[LPT/COM]
[ON]
[OFF]
[Enabled]
[Disabled]
[Disabled]
0
0 :0 :0
[Press Enter]
f
Enter: Select
mnlk : Move
F5:Previous Values
Item Help
Menu Level
ff
When select Password, please press
ENTER key to change
Password Max 8
numbers.
+/-/PU/PD:Value F10:Save ESC:Exit F1: General Help
F6:Fail-Safe Defaults
F7:Optimized Defaults
VGA (OFF)
When set to On, the system power will resume the system from a power saving mode if
there is any VGA activity.
LPT & COM (LPT/COM)
When this item is enabled, the system will restart the power-saving timeout counters when
any activity is detected on the serial ports, or the parallel port.
HDD & FDD (ON)
When this item is enabled, the system will restart the power-saving timeout counters when
any activity is detected on the hard disk drive or the floppy diskette drive.
PCI Master (OFF)
When set to Off, any PCI device set as the Master will not power on the system.
PowerOn by PCI Card (Enabled)
Use this item to enable PCI activity to wakeup the system from a power saving mode.
Modem Ring Resume (Disabled)
Use this item to enable modem activity to wakeup the system from a power saving mode.
RTC Alarm Resume (Disabled)
When set to Enabled, additional fields become available and you can set the date (day of the
month), hour, minute and second to turn on your system. When set to 0 (zero) for the day
of the month, the alarm will power on your system every day at the specified time.
Using BIOS
39
fIRQs Activity Monitoring (Press Enter)
This screen enables you to set IRQs that will resume the system from a power saving mode.
Phoenix-AwardBIOS CMOS Setup Utility
IRQs Activity Monitoring
Primary INTR
IRQ3 (COM2)
IRQ4 (COM1)
IRQ5 (LPT2)
IRQ6 (Floppy Disk)
IRQ7 (LPT 1)
IRQ8 (RTC Alarm)
IRQ9 (IRQ2 Redir)
IRQ10 (Reserved)
IRQ11 (Reserved)
IRQ12 (PS/2 Mouse)
IRQ13 (Coprocessor)
IRQ14 (Hard Disk)
IRQ15 (Reserved)
[ON]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Disabled]
[Disabled]
[Disabled]
[Disabled]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Disabled]
Item Help
Menu Level
mnlk : Move
Enter: Select +/-/PU/PD:Value
F5:Previous Values
F6:Fail-Safe Defaults
ff
F10:Save ESC:Exit F1: General Help
F7:Optimized Defaults
Set any IRQ to Enabled to allow activity at the IRQ to wake up the system from a power
saving mode.
Press <Esc> to return to the Power Management Setup page.
PNP/PCI Configurations
These options configure how PnP (Plug and Play) and PCI expansion cards operate in your
system. Both the ISA and PCI buses on the motherboard use system IRQs (Interrupt
ReQuests) and DMAs (Direct Memory Access). You must set up the IRQ and DMA assignments correctly through the PnP/PCI Configurations Setup utility for the motherboard to
work properly. Selecting PnP/PCI Configurations on the main program screen displays this
menu:
Phoenix-AwardBIOS CMOS Setup Utility
PnP/PCI Configurations
Reset Configuration Data
Resources Controlled by
x IRQ Resources
PCI/VGA Palette Snoop
Assign IRQ For USB
[Disabled]
[Auto (ESCD)]
Press Enter
[Disabled]
[Enabled]
mnlk : Move
Enter: Select +/-/PU/PD:Value
F5:Previous Values
F6:Fail-Safe Defaults
Item Help
Menu Level
f
Default is Disabled. Select
Enabled to reset Extended
System Configuration Data
ESCD) when you exit Setup
if you have installed a new
add-on and the system
reconfiguration has caused
such a serious conflict that
the OS cannot boot
F10:Save ESC:Exit F1: General Help
F7:Optimized Defaults
Reset Configuration Data (Disabled)
If you enable this item and restart the system, any Plug and Play configuration data stored
in the BIOS Setup is cleared from memory.
Using BIOS
40
Resources Controlled By (Auto(ESCD))
You should leave this item at the default Auto(ESCD). Under this setting, the system
dynamically allocates resources to Plug and Play devices as they are required.
If you cannot get a legacy ISA (Industry Standard Architecture) expansion card to work
properly, you might be able to solve the problem by changing this item to Manual, and then
opening up the IRQ Resources submenu.
•
IRQ Resources [Press Enter]: In the IRQ Resources submenu, if you assign
an IRQ to Legacy ISA, then that Interrupt Request Line is reserved for a legacy
ISA expansion card. Press <Esc> to close the IRQ Resources submenu.
PCI/VGA Palette Snoop (Disabled)
This item is designed to overcome problems that can be caused by some non-standard VGA
cards. This board includes a built-in VGA system that does not require palette snooping so
you must leave this item disabled.
Assign IRQ For USB (Enabled)
Names the interrupt request (IRQ) line assigned to the USB (if any) on your system.
Activity of the selected IRQ always awakens the system.
PC Health Status
On motherboards that support hardware monitoring, this item lets you monitor the parameters for critical voltages, critical temperatures, and fan speeds.
Phoenix-AwardBIOS CMOS Setup Utility
PC Health Status
Shutdown Temperature
CPU Vcore
+2.5V
Current CPU Temp
CPU FAN Speed
CAS FAN Speed
mnlk: Move
Enter: Select
F5:Previous Values
[Disabled]
Item Help
Menu Level
f
+/-/PU/PD:Value F10:Save ESC:Exit F1: General Help
F6:Fail-Safe Defaults F7:Optimized Defaults
Shutdown Temperature (Disabled)
Enables you to set the maximum temperature the system can reach before powering down.
System Component Characteristics
These items allow end users and technicians to monitor data provided by the BIOS on this
motherboard. You cannot make changes to these fields.
•
CPU Vcore
•
CurrentCPU Temp
•
CPU FAN Speed
•
CAS FAN Speed
Using BIOS
41
Frequency/Voltage Control
This item enables you to set the clock speed and system bus for your system. The clock
speed and system bus are determined by the kind of processor you have installed in your
system.
Phoenix-AwardBIOS CMOS Setup Utility
Frequency/Voltage Control
Auto Detect PCI/DIMM Clk
Spread Spectrum
CPU Clock
mnlk: Move
Enter: Select
F5:Previous Values
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[100MHz]
Item Help
Menu Level
f
+/-/PU/PD:Value F10:Save ESC:Exit F1: General Help
F6:Fail-Safe Defaults F7:Optimized Defaults
Auto Detect PCI/DIMM Clk (Enabled)
When this item is enabled, BIOS will disable the clock signal of free DIMM and PCI slots.
Spread Spectrum (Enabled)
If you enable spread spectrum, it can significantly reduce the EMI (Electro-Magnetic
Interference) generated by the system.
CPU Clock (100MHz)
Use the CPU Host Clock to set the frontside bus frequency for the installed processor
(usually 200MHz, 133 MHz or 100MHz).
Using BIOS
42
Load Fail-Safe Defaults Option
This option opens a dialog box that lets you install fail-safe defaults for all appropriate
items in the Setup Utility:
Press <Y> and then <Enter> to install the defaults. Press <N> and then <Enter> to not
install the defaults. The fail-safe defaults place no great demands on the system and are
generally stable. If your system is not functioning correctly, try installing the fail-safe
defaults as a first step in getting your system working properly again. If you only want to
install fail-safe defaults for a specific option, select and display that option, and then press
<F6>.
Load Optimized Defaults Option
This option opens a dialog box that lets you install optimized defaults for all appropriate
items in the Setup Utility. Press <Y> and then <Enter> to install the defaults. Press <N> and
then <Enter> to not install the defaults. The optimized defaults place demands on the
system that may be greater than the performance level of the components, such as the CPU
and the memory. You can cause fatal errors or instability if you install the optimized defaults
when your hardware does not support them. If you only want to install setup defaults for a
specific option, select and display that option, and then press <F7>.
Set Password
When this function is selected, the following message appears at the center of the screen to
assist you in creating a password.
ENTER PASSWORD
Type the password, up to eight characters, and press <Enter>. The password typed now
will clear any previously entered password from CMOS memory. You will be asked to
confirm the password. Type the password again and press <Enter>. You may also press
<Esc> to abort the selection.
To disable password, just press <Enter> when you are prompted to enter
password. A message will confirm the password being disabled. Once the password is
disabled, the system will boot and you can enter BIOS Setup freely.
PASSWORD DISABLED
If you have selected “System” in “Security Option” of “BIOS Features Setup” menu, you
will be prompted for the password every time the system reboots or any time you try to
enter BIOS Setup.
If you have selected “Setup” at “Security Option” from “BIOS Features Setup” menu, you
will be prompted for the password only when you enter BIOS Setup.
Supervisor Password has higher priority than User Password. You can use Supervisor Password when booting the system or entering BIOS Setup to modify all settings. Also you can
use User Password when booting the system or entering BIOS Setup but can not modify any
setting if Supervisor Password is enabled.
Using BIOS
43
Save & Exit Setup Option
Highlight this item and press <Enter> to save the changes that you have made in the Setup
Utility and exit the Setup Utility. When the Save and Exit dialog box appears, press <Y> to
save and exit, or press <N> to return to the main menu:
Exit Without Saving
Highlight this item and press <Enter> to discard any changes that you have made in the
Setup Utility and exit the Setup Utility. When the Exit Without Saving dialog box appears,
press <Y> to discard changes and exit, or press <N> to return to the main menu.
If you have made settings that you do not want to save, use the “Exit
Without Saving” item and press <Y> to discard any changes you have
made.
This concludes Chapter 3. Refer to the next chapter for information on the software
supplied with the motherboard.
Using BIOS
44
Memo
Using BIOS
45
Chapter 4
Using the Motherboard Software
About the Software CD-ROM
The support software CD-ROM that is included in the motherboard package contains all the
drivers and utility programs needed to properly run the bundled products. Below you can find
a brief description of each software program, and the location for your motherboard
version. More information on some programs is available in a README file, located in the
same directory as the software.
Never try to install all software from folfer that is not specified for use with your
motherboard.
Before installing any software, always inspect the folder for files named README.TXT,
INSTALL.TXT, or something similar. These files may contain important information that
is not included in this manual.
Auto-installing under Windows 98/ME/2000/XP
The Auto-install CD-ROM makes it easy for you to install the drivers and software for your
motherboard.
If the Auto-install CD-ROM does not work on your system, you can still install
drivers through the file manager for your OS (for example, Windows Explorer). Refer to the Utility Folder Installation Notes later in this chapter.
The support software CD-ROM disc loads automatically under Windows 98/ME/2000/XP.
When you insert the CD-ROM disc in the CD-ROM drive, the autorun feature will automatically bring up the install screen. The screen has three buttons on it, Setup, Browse CD and
Exit.
If the opening screen does not appear; double-click the file “setup.exe” in
the root directory.
Using the Motherboard Software
46
Setup Tab
Setup
Click the Setup button to run the software installation program. Select
from the menu which software you want to install.
Browse CD The Browse CD button is the standard Windows command that allows
you to open Windows Explorer and show the contents of the support
CD.
Before installing the software from Windows Explorer, look for a file
named README.TXT, INSTALL.TXT or something similar. This file
may contain important information to help you install the software
correctly.
Some software is installed in separate folders for different operating
systems, such as DOS, WIN NT, or WIN98/95. Always go to the correct
folder for the kind of OS you are using.
In install the software, execute a file named SETUP.EXE or INSTALL.EXE
by double-clicking the file and then following the instructions on the
screen.
Exit
The EXIT button closes the Auto Setup window.
Application Tab
Lists the software utilities that are available on the CD.
Read Me Tab
Displays the path for all software and drivers available on the CD.
Running Setup
Follow these instructions to install device drivers and software for the motherboard:
1.
Click Setup. The installation program begins:
The following screens are examples only. The screens and driver lists will be
different according to the motherboard you are installing.
The motherboard identification is located in the upper left-hand corner.
Using the Motherboard Software
47
2.
Click Next. The following screen appears:
3.
Check the box next to the items you want to install. The default options are recommended.
4.
Click Next run the Installation Wizard. An item installation screen appears:
5.
Follow the instructions on the screen to install the items.
Drivers and software are automatically installed in sequence. Follow the onscreen instructions, confirm commands and allow the computer to restart a few times to complete the
installation.
Using the Motherboard Software
48
Manual Installation
Insert the CD in the CD-ROM drive and locate the PATH.DOC file in the root directory.
This file contains the information needed to locate the drivers for your motherboard.
Look for the chipset and motherboard model; then browse to the directory and path to
begin installing the drivers. Most drivers have a setup program (SETUP.EXE) that automatically detects your operating system before installation. Other drivers have the setup
program located in the operating system subfolder.
If the driver you want to install does not have a setup program, browse to the operating
system subfolder and locate the readme text file (README.TXT or README.DOC) for
information on installing the driver or software for your operating system.
Utility Software Reference
All the utility software available from this page is Windows compliant. They are provided
only for the convenience of the customer. The following software is furnished under license
and may only be used or copied in accordance with the terms of the license.
These software(s) are subject to change at anytime without prior notice.
Please refer to the support CD for available software.
AMI/AWARD Flash Memory Utility
This utility lets you erase the system BIOS stored on a Flash Memory chip on the motherboard,
and lets you copy an updated version of the BIOS to the chip. Proceed with caution when
using this program. If you erase the current BIOS and fail to write a new BIOS, or write a
new BIOS that is incorrect, your system will malfunction. Refer to Chapter 3, Using BIOS for
more information.
WinFlash Utility
The Award WinFlash utility is a Windows version of the DOS Award BIOS flash writer utility.
The utility enables you to flash the system BIOS stored on a Flash Memory chip on the
motherboard while in a Windows environment. This utility is currently available for
WINXP\ME\2000\98SE. To install the WinFlash utility, run WINFLASH.EXE from the
following directory: \UTILITY\WINFLASH 1.51
This concludes Chapter 4.
Using the Motherboard Software
49
Chapter 5
VIA VT8237 SATA RAID Setup Guide
VIA RAID Configurations
The motherboard includes a high performance Serial ATA RAID controller integrated in the
VIA VT8237 Southbridge chipset. It supports RAID 0, RAID 1 and JBOD with two independent Serial ATA channels.
RAID: (Redundant Array of Independent Disk Drives) use jointly several hard drives to
increase data transfer rates and data security. It depends on the number of drives present and
RAID function you select to fulfill the seurity or performance pruposes or both.
RAID 0 (called data striping) optimizes two identical hard disk drives to read and write data
in parallel, interleaved stacks. Two hard disks perform the same work as a single drive but at
a sustained data transfer rate, double that of a single disk alone, thus improving data access
and storage.
RAID 1 (called data mirroring) copies and maintains an identical image of data from one
drive to a second drive. If one drive fails, the disk array management software directs all
applications to the surviving drive as it contains a complete copy of the data in the other
drive. This RAID configuration provides data protection and increases fault tolerance to
the entire system.
JBOD: (Just a Bunch of Drives) Also known as “Spanning”. Two or more hard drives are
required. Several hard disk types configured as a single hard disk. The hard drives are simply
hooked up in series. This expands the capacity of your drive and results in a useable total
capacity. However, JBOD will not increase any performance or data security.
Install the Serial ATA (SATA) hard disks
The VIA VT8237 Southbridge chipset supports Serial ATA hard disk drives. For optimal
performance, install identical drives of the same model and capacity when creating a RAID
set.
•
If you are creating a RAID 0 (striping) array of performance, use two new
drives.
•
If you are creating a RAID 1 (mirroring) array for protection, you can use two
new drives or use an existing drive and a new drive (the new drive must be
of the same size or larger than the existing drive). If you use two drives of
different sizes, the smaller capacity hard disk will be the base storage size.
For example, one hard disk has an 80GB storage capacity and the other hard
disk has 60GB storage capacity, the maximum storage capacity for the RAID
1 set is 60GB.
Follow these steps to install the SATA hard disks for RAID configuration.
i
ii
iii
Before setting up your new RAID array, verify the status of your hard disks.
Make sure the Master/Slave jumpers are configured properly.
Both the data and power SATA cables are new cables. You cannot use older
40-pin 80-conductor IDE or regular IDE power cables with Serial ATA drives.
Installing Serial ATA (SATA) hard disks require the use of new Serial ATA
cable (4-conductor) which supports the Serial ATA protocol and a Serial ATA
power cable.
Either end of the Serial ATA data cable can be connected to the SATA hard disk
or the SATA connector on the motherboard.
VIA VT8237 SATA RAID Setup Guide
50
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Install the Serial ATA hard disks into the drive bays.
Connect one end of the Serial ATA cable to the motherboard’s primary Serial
ATA connector (SATA1).
Connect the other end of Serial ATA cable to the master Serial ATA hard disk.
Connect one end of the second Serial ATA cable to the motherboard’s secondary Serial ATA connector (SATA2).
Connect the other end of Serial ATA cable to the secondary Serial ATA hard
disk.
Connect the Serial ATA power cable to the power connector on each drive.
Proceed to section “Entering VIA Tech RAID BIOS Utility” for the next procedure.
Entering VIA Tech RAID BIOS Utility
1
2
Boot-up your computer.
During POST, press <TAB> to enter VIA RAID configuration utility. The following menu options will appear.
The RAID BIOS information on the setup screen shown is for reference
only. What you see on your screen may not by exactly the same as shown.
On the upper-right side of the screen is the message and legend box. The keys on the legend
box allow you to navigate through the setup menu options. The message describes the
function of each menu item. The following lists the keys found in the legend box with their
corresponding functions.
F1
View Array
mn
Move to the next item
Enter
Confirm the selection
ESC
Exit
VIA VT8237 SATA RAID Setup Guide
51
Create Array
1
In the VIA RAID BIOS utility main menu, select Create Array then press the
<Enter> key. The main menu items on the upper-left corner of the screen are
replaced with create array menu options.
RAID 0 for performance
1
Select the second option item Array Mode, then press the <Enter> key. The
RAID system setting pop-up menu appears.
2
Select RAID 0 for performance from the menu and press <Enter>. From this
point, you may choose to auto-configure the RAID array by selecting Auto
Setup for Performance or manually configure the RAID array for stripped
sets. If you want to manually configure the RAID array continue with next
step, otherwise, proceed to step #5.
Select Select Disk Drives, then press <Enter>. Use arrow keys to select
disk drive/s, then press <Enter> to mark selected drive. An asterisk is placed
before the selected drive.
Select Block Size, then press <Enter> to set array block size. Lists of valid
array block sizes are displayed on a pop-up menu.
3
4
Tip
For server systems, it is recommended to use a lower
array block size. For multimedia computer systems used
mainly for audio and video editing, a higher array block
size is recommended for optimum performance.
Use arrow keys to move selection bar on items and press <Enter> to select.
VIA VT8237 SATA RAID Setup Guide
52
5
Select Start Create Process and press <Enter> to setup hard disk for RAID
system. The following confirmation appears:
The same confirmation message appears when the
Auto Setup for Performance option is selected.
Press “Y” to confirm or “N” to return to the configuration options.
RAID 1 for data protection
1
Select the second option item Array Mode, then press the <Enter> key. The
RAID system setting pop-up menu appears.
2
Select RAID 1 for data protection from the menu and press <Enter>. Select
next task from pop-up menu. The task Create only creates the mirrored set
without creating a backup. Create and duplicate creates both mirrored set
and backup.
3
Select task and press <Enter>. The screen returns to Create Array menu
items. From this point, you may choose to auto-configure the RAID array by
selecting Auto Setup for Data Security or manually configure the RAID array
for mirrored sets. If you want to manually configure the RAID array continue
with next step, otherwise, proceed to step #5.
Select Select Disk Drives, then press <Enter>. Use arrow keys to select disk
drive/s, then press <Enter> to mark selected drive. (An asterisk is placed
before a selected drve.)
Select Start Create Process and press <Enter> to setup hard disk for RAID
system. The following confirmation message appears:
4
5
The same confirmation message appears when the
Auto Setup for Performance option is selected.
Press “Y” to confirm or “N” to return to the configuration options.
VIA VT8237 SATA RAID Setup Guide
53
Delete Array
1
2
In the VIA RAID BIOS utility main menu, select Delete Array then press the
<Enter> key. The focus is directed to the list of channel used for IDE RAID
arrays.
Press the <Enter> key to select a RAID array to delete. The following confirmation message appears.
Press “Y” to confirm or “N” to return to the configuration options.
Select Boot Array
1
2
In the VIA RAID BIOS utility main menu, select Select Boot Array then press the
<Enter> key. The focus is directed to the list of channel used for IDE RAID
arrays.
Press the <Enter> key to select a RAID array for boot. The Status of the
selected array will change to Boot. Press <ESC> key to go return to menu
items. Follow the same procedure to deselect the boot array.
Serial Number View
1
In the VIA RAID BIOS utility main menu, select Serial Number View then press
the <Enter> key. The focus is directed to the list of channel used for IDE RAID
arrays. Move the selection bar on each item and the serial number is displayed at the bottom of the screen. This option is useful for identifying same
model disks.
VIA VT8237 SATA RAID Setup Guide
54
Duplicate Critical RAID 1 Array
When booting up the system, BIOS will detect if the RAID 1 array has any inconsistencies
between user data and backup data. If BIOS detects any inconsistencies, the status of the
disk array will be marked as critical, and BIOS will prompt the user to duplicate the RAID 1
in order to ensure the backup data consistency with the user data.
If user selects Continue to boot, it will enable duplicating the array after booting into OS.
Rebuild Broken RAID 1 Array
When booting up the system, BIOS will detect if any member disk drives of RAID has failed
or is absent. If BIOS detects any disk drive failures or missing disk drives, the status of the
array will be marked as broken.
If BIOS detects a broken RAID 1 array but there is a spare hard drive available for rebuilding
the broken array, the spare hard drive will automatically become the mirroring drive. BIOS
will show a main interface just like a duplicated RAID 1. Selecting Continue to boot
enables the user to duplicate the array after booting into operating system.
If BIOS detects a broken RAID 1 array but there is no spare hard drive available for
rebuilding the array, BIOS will provide several operations to solve such problems.
VIA VT8237 SATA RAID Setup Guide
55
1. Power off and Check the Failed Drive:
This item turns off the computer and replaces the failed hard drive with a good one. If your
computer does not support APM, you must turn off your computer manually. After
replacing the hard drive, boot into BIOS and select Choose replacement drive and
rebuild to rebuild the broken array.
2. Destroy the Mirroring Relationship:
This item cancels the data mirroring relationship of the broken array. For broken RAID 1
arrays, the data on the surviving disk will remain after the destroy operation. However,
Destroy the Mirroring Relationship is not recommended because the data on the
remaining disk will be lost when the hard drive is used to create another RAID 1 array.
3. Choose Replacement Drive and Rebuild:
This item enables users to select an already-connected hard drive to rebuild the broken array.
After choosing a hard drive, the channel column will be activated.
Highlight the target hard drive and press <Enter>, a warning message will appear. Press Y to
use that hard drive to rebuild, or press N to cancel. Please note selecting option Y will
destroy all the data on the selected hard drive.
4. Continue to boot:
This item enables BIOS to skip the problem and continue booting into OS.
VIA VT8237 SATA RAID Setup Guide
56
Installing RAID Software & Drivers
Install Driver in Windows OS
New Windows OS (2000/XP/NT4) Installation
The following details the installation of the drivers while installing Windows XP.
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Start the installation:
Boot from the CD-ROM. Press F6 when the message “Press F6 if you need to
install third party SCSI or RAID driver’ appears.
When the Windows Setup window is generated, press S to specify an
Additional Device(s).
Insert the driver diskette VIA VT8237 Disk Driver into drive A: and press
<Enter>.
Depending on your operation system, choose VIA Serial ATA RAID Controller (Windows XP), VIA Serial ATA RAID Controller (Windows 2000)
or VIA Serial ATA RAID Controller (Windows NT4) from the list that
appears on Windows XP Setup screen, press the <Enter> key.
Press <Enter> to continue with installation or if you need to specify any
additional devices to be installed, do so at this time. Once all devices are
specified, press <Enter> to continue with installation.
From the Windows XP Setup screen press the <Enter> key. Setup will now
load all device files and the continue the Windows XP installation.
Existing Windows XP Driver Installation
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Insert the ECS CD into the CD-ROM drive.
The CD will auto-run and the setup screen will appear.
Under the Driver tab, click on VIA SATA RAID Utility.
The drivers will be automatically installed.
Confirming Windows XP Driver Installation
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From Windows XP, open the Control Panel from My Computer followed
by the System icon.
Choose the Hardware tab, then click the Device manager tab.
Click the “+” in front of the SCSI and RAID Controllers hardware type. The
driver VIA IDE RAID Host Controller should appear.
VIA VT8237 SATA RAID Setup Guide
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Installation of VIA SATA RAID Utility
The VIA SATA RAID Utility is the software package that enables high-performance RAID
0 arrays in the Windows*XP operating system. This version of VIA SATA RAID Utility
contains the following key features:
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Serial ATA RAID driver for Windows XP
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VIA SATA RAID utility
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RAID0 and RAID1 functions
Insert the ECS CD and click on the Setup to install the software.
The InstallShield Wizard will begin automatically for installation. Click on the Next
button to proceed the installation in the welcoming window.
VIA VT8237 SATA RAID Setup Guide
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Put a check mark in the check box to install the feature you want. Then click Next button
to proceed the installation.
Using VIA RAID Tool
Once the installation is complete, go to Start---> Programs---> VIA---> raid_tool.exe to
enable VIA RAID Tool.
After the software is finished installation, it will automatically started every time Windows
is initiated. You may double-click on the
icon shown in the system tray of the tool
bar to launch the VIA RAID Tool utility.
VIA VT8237 SATA RAID Setup Guide
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The main interface is divided into two windows and the toolbar above contain the main
functions. Click on these toolbar buttons to execute their specific functions. The left
windowpane displays the controller and disk drives and the right windowpane displays the
details of the controller or disk drives. The available features are as following:
View by Controller
View by Devices
View Event log
Help Topics
It means that VT8237 SATA RAID only has the feature of monitoring the statuses of RAID
0 and RAID 1.
Click on
or
button to determine the viewing type of left windowpane. There
are two viewing types: By controllers and by device. Click on the object in the left
windowpane to display the status of the object in the right windowpane. The following
screen shows the status of Array 0-RAID 0.
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Click on the plus (+) symbol next to Array 0--RAID 0 to see the details of each disk.
You may also use the same
or
button to view the statuses of Array 0--
RAID 1.
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Click on the plus (+) symbol next to Array 0; RAID 1 to see the details of each disk.
VIA VT8237 SATA RAID Setup Guide
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