Manual
Pinnacle Series - Technical Reference Manual
Pinnacle Series
Programmable SCADA Controllers
Technical Reference Manual
 Point-and-click SCADA configuration software
 Built-in open programming and protocols including ISaGRAF IEC-61131
 Multiple Loop PID Control
 Built-in Voice Alarm Dialing and/or paging
 High-capacity Data and Alarm Logging and Historical Trending
 Event and/or time initiated e-mailing with attachments
 Automatic file transfer/exchange with Host Computers
 Integrated Web Server HMI – no user license fees
 Scalable in a small panel footprint - 17 to several hundred I/Os
 High-performance 300MHz 32-Bit processor -128MB RAM
 32-bit Integer, 64-bit Floating Point Math
 10/100 Ethernet port
 2 or 4 USB 2.0 compliant ports
 Up to 5 serial ports (RS-232, RS-485, RS-232/RS-485)
 Built-in sensor conditioning on high-resolution analog inputs
 Up to 4GB internal flash drive, up to 2TB external disk
 Internal LCD HMI – 4 line x 20 characters, 122 x 32 Graphics
 Remote Program updates – on-line program changes
 Modular I/O expansion to several thousand I/O points
 Programmable Power Management
 -40 C to +70 C Operating Temperature
 3-year warranty on parts and labor
 Options:

Internal UPS & power monitoring

Expansion of internal flash disk up to 8GB

Internal telephone modem/voice alarm dialer
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Copyright Notice
Pinnacle Series
Technical Reference Manual
This document is copyrighted, 2011, by Industrial Control Links, Inc.
All rights are reserved.
Industrial Control Links, Inc. reserves the right to make improvements to the products described in this manual at any time w ithout notice.
No part of this manual may be reproduced, copied, translated or transmitted in any for m or by any means without th e prior written
permission of Industrial Control Links, Inc. Infor mation provided in this manual is intended to be accurate and reliable. How ever, Industr ial
Control Links, Inc. assumes no responsibility for its use, or for any infringements upon the rights of third parties which may result from its
use.
Acknowledgments
ScadaFlex, ScadaFlex Plus, EtherLogic, EtherLogic LC, EtherLogic Advanta, EtherLogic Integra, EtherLogic Ultima, Pinnacle Controllers,
Everest, Shasta, Lassen and Rubicon Controllers, Spr ite, Solaras and Ascent I/O modules, ScadaWorks and ScadaBuilder are trademarks
of Industrial Control Links, Inc.
ISaGRAF is a trademark of ICS Triplex, Inc.
2
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Support
If you have questions or need help with an application, we hope that you‘ll take ad vantage of our free
technical support. Simply call us at:
(530) 888-1800
If you need to send us a fax:
(530) 888-7017
If you prefer e- mail (we do), especially if you want to send us a sample of a program or other files, you
can e- mail us at:
[email protected]
For additional technical information including datasheets, manuals and software, visit our web site at:
www.iclinks.com
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
3
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Certifications
Safety and Hazardous Locations Ratings – North America
United States Standards for Industrial Control Equipment
UL 508, Seventeenth Edition, revised September 19, 2008 and ANSI/ISA 12.12.01, 2007 Edition.
Canadian Standard for Process Control Equipment
CSA C22.2 No. 142-M1987, Third Edition, Reaffirmed 2004 and CSA C22.2 No. 213-M1987 Nonincendive Electrical Equipment for Use in Class I, Division 2 Hazardous Locations, First Edition.
All certified Pinnacle models come with a compliance marking tag similar to the one pictured below:
Actual Model Name, Model Number
and Serial Number is located here.
Input/Output
Ratings
Tested for Class 1 Div 2 Compliance by
Underwriters Laboratories Inc. to the United
States and Canadian standards listed above
EVEREST SCADA Controller
Model xx-xxxx S/N xxxxx
Input Power: 10 to 30 Vdc
Discrete Inputs: xx to xxxVdc/Vac
Relay Output: 30 Vdc or 240 Vac
3 A, Resistive
INDUSTRIAL CONTROL LINKS
“T4A” Rating 120ºC/248 ºF
Maximum Sur face
Temperature
Maximum Ambient
Operating Temperature
Of 70oC
XXXX
IND. CONT. EQ. .FOR HAZ LOC.
Maximum Surrounding Air Temp: 70C
Class I Division 2 Groups A,B,C,D T4A
www.iclinks.com
Made in USA
Digital Emissions and Immunity
Emissions
Immunity
Declaration
4
FCC 47 Part 15, Subpart B, Class A Verification
EN61000-6-4: 2007 Electromagnetic Compatibility Generic Emission Standard Part2: Industrial
Environment
EN61000-6-2: 2005 Electromagnetic Compatibility Generic Standards Immunity for Industrial
Environments
This product conforms to the above Emissions and Immunity Standards and therefore conforms
with the requirements of Council Directive 2004/108/EEC (as amended) relating to
electromagnetic compatibility and is eligible to bear the CE mark. The Low Voltage Directive
73/23/EEC applies to devices operating within 50 to 1000 VDC and/or 75 to 1500 VAC. This
Directive is not applicable to this product when installed according to our specifications.
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Use of Equipment in Hazardous Locations
This equipment is suitable for use in Class I, Division 2, Groups A, B, C, and D or non -hazardous
locations only.
WARNING – EXPLOSION HAZARD – Do not disconnect equipment unless power has been
removed or the area is known to be non- hazardous.
WARNING – EXPLOSION HAZARD – Substitution of any components may impair suitability for
Class I, Division 2.
WARNING – EXPLOSION HAZARD – The area must be known to be non-hazardous before
servicing/replacing the unit and before installing.
WARNING – EXPLOSION HAZARD – The USB connectors are for temporary connection only. Do
not use, connect, or disconnect unless area is known to be
non-hazardous. Connection or disconnection in an
explosive atmosphere could result in an explosion.
Special Notice Regarding Sealed Relay Devices
The following information is provided in regards to the sealed relay devices used in these products.
WARNING – Exposure to some chemicals may degrade the sealing properties of materials used in the
sealed relay devices.
RECOMMENDATION – It is recommended to inspect the Sealed Relay Devices periodically and to
check for any degradation of the materials and to replace the complete product, not the sealed device, if
any degradation is found.
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
5
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Contents
Copyright Notice ........................................................................................................................................ 2
Support ....................................................................................................................................................... 3
Certifications .............................................................................................................................................. 4
Safety and Hazardous Locations Ratings – North America...................................................................... 4
Digital Emissions and Immunity ............................................................................................................ 4
Use of Equipment in Hazardous Locations ............................................................................................. 5
Contents ..................................................................................................................................................... 6
Pinnacle Series Overview ....................................................................................................................... 10
Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 10
32-bit CPU........................................................................................................................................ 11
Networking ....................................................................................................................................... 11
Serial Communications ...................................................................................................................... 11
USB 2.0 Host Ports ........................................................................................................................... 11
(Flash) Disk Storage.......................................................................................................................... 12
Local LCD HMI ................................................................................................................................. 12
ScadaWorks Configuration Software ................................................................................................... 12
Options ............................................................................................................................................ 13
Everest Controller ................................................................................................................................... 14
Shasta Controller .................................................................................................................................... 15
Rubicon Controller .................................................................................................................................. 16
Lassen Controller.................................................................................................................................... 17
Status LED Indicators .............................................................................................................................. 18
POWER LED .................................................................................................................................... 18
STATUS LED ................................................................................................................................... 18
USB Pushbutton ............................................................................................................................... 18
Memory Release ............................................................................................................................... 18
Communications ...................................................................................................................................... 19
Ethernet ................................................................................................................................................. 19
USB Ports .............................................................................................................................................. 20
Serial Communications ............................................................................................................................ 21
RS-232 Serial Communications Interfaces........................................................................................... 21
RS-232 DTE Cable typical wiring (RJ-45 to DB-9S) .............................................................................. 22
RS-232 DCE Cable typical wiring (RJ-45 to DB-9P) ............................................................................. 23
RS-485 Serial Communications Interface ............................................................................................ 24
EVEREST Serial Communications Ports ............................................................................................. 25
SHASTA Serial Communications Ports ............................................................................................... 26
RUBICON Serial Communications Ports ............................................................................................. 27
LASSEN Serial Communications Ports ............................................................................................... 28
Installation ................................................................................................................................................ 29
Mechanical Installation ............................................................................................................................ 29
Electrical Installation and Maintenance...................................................................................................... 30
Class 1 Division 2 Group A, B, C, and D Requirements ........................................................................ 30
Lithium Battery .................................................................................................................................. 32
6
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Grounding ........................................................................................................................................ 32
Ventilation ........................................................................................................................................ 33
Power .............................................................................................................................................. 34
Power Wiring .................................................................................................................................... 34
UPS Option ...................................................................................................................................... 34
Pinnacle I/O............................................................................................................................................ 35
Universal Inputs ................................................................................................................................ 35
Analog Inputs.................................................................................................................................... 35
Analog Outputs ................................................................................................................................. 35
Low-voltage Discrete Inputs ............................................................................................................... 35
Low-voltage Discrete Inputs/Outputs ................................................................................................... 35
Optically Isolated Discrete Inputs ........................................................................................................ 35
Discrete Outputs ............................................................................................................................... 36
High-speed Magnetic Pickup Pulse Inputs ........................................................................................... 36
Internal Points and Registers ............................................................................................................. 36
Universal Inputs ...................................................................................................................................... 36
Signal Types and Levels – Mode Selection.......................................................................................... 37
Speed Selection................................................................................................................................ 37
Averaging ......................................................................................................................................... 38
Raw Mode ........................................................................................................................................ 38
20mA Current Mode .......................................................................................................................... 38
Voltage Mode ................................................................................................................................... 39
Millivolt Mode.................................................................................................................................... 39
Extended and Bipolar Voltage Measurements...................................................................................... 39
Resistance Type Sensors and Measurements ..................................................................................... 40
Resistance Mode .............................................................................................................................. 40
Thermistor Modes ............................................................................................................................. 40
Thermistor Resistance versus Temperature Table ............................................................................... 41
RTD Mode ........................................................................................................................................ 42
Thermocouple Modes ........................................................................................................................ 44
Contact Closure and Logic Level Discrete Inputs ................................................................................. 45
Universal Inputs Field Wiring .............................................................................................................. 45
Analog Inputs.......................................................................................................................................... 47
Analog Input Field Wiring ................................................................................................................... 47
Analog Outputs ....................................................................................................................................... 48
Signal Types and Levels .................................................................................................................... 48
Output Scaling .................................................................................................................................. 48
Analog Outputs Field Wiring ............................................................................................................... 49
Low-voltage Discrete Inputs ..................................................................................................................... 49
Signal Types and Levels .................................................................................................................... 49
Digital Input Filtering .......................................................................................................................... 50
Pulse Totalization.............................................................................................................................. 50
Rate Calculation................................................................................................................................ 50
Quadrature ....................................................................................................................................... 50
Low-voltage Discrete Inputs Field Wiring ............................................................................................. 51
Low-voltage Discrete Input/Outputs .......................................................................................................... 51
Signal Types and Levels .................................................................................................................... 51
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
7
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Digital Input Filtering .......................................................................................................................... 52
Pulse Totalization (Shasta/Everest controllers only) ............................................................................. 52
Rate Calculation (Shasta/Everest controllers only) ............................................................................... 52
Quadrature ....................................................................................................................................... 52
Low-voltage Discrete/Outputs Inputs Field Wiring ................................................................................ 53
Optically Isolated Discrete Inputs .............................................................................................................. 54
Signal Types and Levels .................................................................................................................... 54
Filtering Differences - Shasta versus Everest....................................................................................... 55
12/24v versus 120/240v Operation ..................................................................................................... 55
Optically Isolated Discrete Inputs Field Wiring...................................................................................... 55
Discrete Relay Outputs ............................................................................................................................ 56
Fusing and Transient Protection ......................................................................................................... 56
Field Wiring ...................................................................................................................................... 57
High-speed Magnetic Pickup Pulse Inputs ................................................................................................. 58
Signal Types and Levels .................................................................................................................... 58
Pulse Input Filtering........................................................................................................................... 58
Pulse Totalization (Shasta/Everest controllers only) ............................................................................. 58
Rate Calculation................................................................................................................................ 59
Field Wiring ...................................................................................................................................... 59
Internal Analog Inputs.............................................................................................................................. 60
Input_Voltage ................................................................................................................................... 60
Battery_Voltage (UPS Option – Shasta or Everest) .............................................................................. 60
Cold_Junct_Temp ............................................................................................................................. 60
Internal Discrete Inputs ............................................................................................................................ 61
Power_Fail (UPS Option Only) ........................................................................................................... 61
Battery_Low (UPS Option Only) ......................................................................................................... 61
Communications Options........................................................................................................................ 62
Pinnacle Series Option Numbers (factory installed) .................................................................................... 62
Internal Telephone Modem Option............................................................................................................ 62
Internal Spread Spectrum Radio Option .................................................................................................... 63
Radio Installation .................................................................................................................................... 65
Setting Up the Controller Application......................................................................................................... 66
Radio Device Configuration...................................................................................................................... 67
Radio Diagnostic Port Redirection and Configuration.................................................................................. 67
Digi (MaxStream) Xtend Radio Configuration............................................................................................. 67
Freewave FGR Configuration ................................................................................................................... 70
Radio Configuration - MAIN MENU ..................................................................................................... 71
Radio Configuration - SET OPERATION MODE .................................................................................. 71
Radio Configuration - SET BAUD RATE.............................................................................................. 72
Radio Configuration - EDIT RADIO PARAMETERS ............................................................................. 73
Radio Configuration - EDIT MULTIPOINT PARAMETERS .................................................................... 74
MDS TransNet EL806.............................................................................................................................. 76
Specifications ........................................................................................................................................... 78
CPU & Memory ....................................................................................................................................... 78
Processors ....................................................................................................................................... 78
Memory ............................................................................................................................................ 78
8
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Datalog Capacity............................................................................................................................... 78
I/O (Base configuration not including I/O expansion) .................................................................................. 78
Universal Inputs (UI).......................................................................................................................... 78
Analog Inputs.................................................................................................................................... 78
Analog Outputs ................................................................................................................................. 79
Discrete Input/Outputs ....................................................................................................................... 79
Discrete Inputs.................................................................................................................................. 79
Discrete Outputs ............................................................................................................................... 79
High-Speed Counters ........................................................................................................................ 79
Communications, Networking & HMI ......................................................................................................... 80
Serial Ports....................................................................................................................................... 80
Ethernet ........................................................................................................................................... 80
USB ................................................................................................................................................. 80
Local HMI ......................................................................................................................................... 80
Options .................................................................................................................................................. 80
IDE Flash Disk option ........................................................................................................................ 80
UPS option ....................................................................................................................................... 80
Telephone Modem option .................................................................................................................. 81
Internal Radio option ......................................................................................................................... 81
General .................................................................................................................................................. 82
Terminal Blocks ................................................................................................................................ 82
Mounting .......................................................................................................................................... 82
Environment ..................................................................................................................................... 82
Power .............................................................................................................................................. 82
Warranty .......................................................................................................................................... 82
Dimensions ...................................................................................................................................... 82
Lassen/Rubicon ................................................................................................................................ 82
Shasta ............................................................................................................................................. 82
Everest ............................................................................................................................................ 82
Appendix A Controller and I/O Option Pin Outs.................................................................................... 83
Lassen ................................................................................................................................................... 83
Rubicon.................................................................................................................................................. 84
Shasta ................................................................................................................................................... 86
Shasta Combo I/O Expansion Bd.............................................................................................................. 88
Shasta Discrete I/O Expansion Bd. ........................................................................................................... 89
Everest .................................................................................................................................................. 90
Everest Combo I/O Expansion Bd............................................................................................................. 91
Everest Discrete I/O (DIO) Expansion Bd. ................................................................................................. 92
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
9
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Pinnacle Series Overview
Introduction
The Pinnacle Series is a family of SCADA specific programmable controllers. They are actually
multiple instruments integrated together, combining the programmability of a Programmable Logic
Controller (PLC), the communications capabilities and extended operating temperature of an advanced
Remote Terminal Unit (RTU), the alarm notification capabilities of an alarm dialer, the data storage a nd
retrieval capabilities of a Data Logger, and the power monitoring and protection facilities of an
Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS). By taking advantage of the capabilities of multiple SCADA
components and integrated software, Pinnacle Series controllers increase reliability with less
configuration and programming time, and cost.
Pinnacle Series controllers offer both high performance and value. Their unique scalable architecture is
economical for small I/O applications such as tank level monitoring and lift station controls, medium
scale pumping stations, and full-sized treatment plant controls.
There are four models; Lassen, when only a few I/O points are required, Rubicon with the same
footprint as Lassen, more I/O but no internal radio or telephone modem, Shasta, with a slightly larger
footprint, but significantly more I/O and an optional internal telephone modem, and Everest, with the
largest communications and I/O capacity. Each model features a very high-performance 32-bit
processor, 128MB of RAM memory, a 512MB flash disk, a high-speed Ethernet LAN, multiple USB
ports, up to 5 serial ports. The Lassen, Shasta and Everest offer the option of a built- in telephone modem
and voice alarm dialing. The Lassen and Everest also offer the option of a built- in spread spectrum
radio.
Base Configuration (w/o I/O expansion)
x86 32-bit CPU
RAM Memory
Lassen
Rubicon
Shasta
Everest
---------------- 300 MHz ------------------------------------ 128 MB -----------------------
Flash Disk (base configuration)
10/100 Ethernet ports
USB 2.0 (Host) ports
--------------- 512 MB -----------------------1
1
1
1
2
2
2
4
RS-232 serial ports
RS-485 serial ports
Built-in 4 line x 20 character + graphics LCD HMI
2
1
1
2
1
1
2
1
1
5*
1
1
Universal Analog Inputs (w/sensor conditioning)
Analog Inputs (w/o sensor conditioning, 20mA or 32Vdc) **
Analog Outputs
2
1
2
4
0
2
8
1
2
8
1
4
Discrete Inputs/Outputs (user configurable)
Discrete Inputs
Discrete Outputs
6
6
0
0
20
10
2
16
6
4
20
12
UPS/Battery Backup & Monitoring
Telephone Modem w/Voice
Built-in spread spectrum radio
option
option
-
option
option
-
option
option
option
I/O Expansion Slots
Remote Distributed I/O Expansion
yes
yes
2
yes
2
yes
* - Shared w internal RS-485 port, and modem/radio options
10
** - Available if UPS option not installed
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
32-bit CPU
Pinnacle Series controllers come with a fast 300MHz x86 compatible CPU with 128MB of RAM
memory capable of running extremely large programs. In addition, Pinnacle controllers have a unique
FRAM (Ferroelectric RAM) non- volatile memory that can store up to 2,000 32-bit register values
without batteries, speed constraints or write cycle limitations suffered by other older technologies.
Networking
Pinnacle Series controllers come with a built- in 10/100 Ethernet Port that supports the standard Ethernet
and Internet protocols for file transfer, e- mail, web serving and terminal access as well as standard
industrial Ethernet compatible protocols such as Modbus TCP/IP and DNP 3. The built- in Ethernet
capability is compatible with the latest generation of Wireless Ethernet modems including 802.11 type
and cellular devices.
Serial Communications
Pinnacle Series controllers have from two to five RS-232 serial ports as well as an RS-485 serial port. In
Lassen and Shasta controllers that have two RS-232 ports, these ports are independent of the other ports
or internal serial options such as telephone modems and spread spectrum radios. In Everest controllers
that have five RS-232 ports, the ports are shared with the RS-485 port and the internal modem and radio
options, so that if these features are not used, the ports are available for use with external RS-232
compatible devices. The RS-485 port is ideal for low-cost 2-wire local networking up to 5,000 feet to go
well beyond the 100 foot recommended limits of RS-232. RS-485 is useful for distributed remote I/O
expansion as well as interfacing to intelligent industrial devices such as loop control lers, variable speed
drives and other PLCs.
Controller
Total External Serial Por ts
RS-232 ports
RS-232/RS-485 ports
RS-485 ports
Telephone/voice modem option
Spread Spectrum radio option
COM1
COM2
COM3
COM4
COM5
Lassen
3
Rubicon
3
Shasta
3
2
0
1
Yes
2
0
1
No
2
0
1
Yes
Yes
RS-232
RS-485
No
RS-232
RS-485
Radio Opt.
Modem Opt.
RS-232
RS-232
N/A
N/A
No
RS-232
RS-232/RS-485
Modem Opt
N/A.
RS-232
Everest
5
4
1
0
Yes
Yes
RS-232
RS-232/RS-485
RS-232 or Radio Opt.
RS-232 or Modem Opt.
RS-232
USB 2.0 Host Ports
Pinnacle Series controllers have from two to four USB 2.0 Host ports. These ports can be used to
quickly add low-cost data storage to the controllers, or as a removable media to transfer files in and out
of the controller. They will also be used to add various communications capabilities to the controller
(USB radios and modems).
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
11
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
(Flash) Disk Storage
Pinnacle Series controllers have an internal solid-state flash disk. The capacity of the disk supplied with
all Pinnacle controllers is 512MB, of which about 1MB is used to store the internal operating software
of the controller. The remaining capacity is available for file storage, such as data logs, voice files,
program backups, and project documents. Additional internal disk capacity may be added by upgrading
the existing IDE flash disk module available in sizes up to 8GB.
Local LCD HMI
Pinnacle Series controllers have a built- in LCD display, and a simplified keypad (a 5-way navigation
button and an ―Escape‘ button) for displaying I/O status and process values, and displaying or modifying
setpoints, and forcing I/O. All data types; Booleans, Integers, Reals and Strings are supported. The
display is a graphical LCD type, with LED backlight, capable of showing up to 4 lines of 20 characters
using normal fonts, or 2 lines of 10 characters using double-size fonts, or combinations of sizes. The
display may also be used to show animation and graphics. An HMI screen builder is part of the
ScadaWorks software used to configure the controller. To conserve power, the backlight can be set to
turn off automatically after a configurable time period of no keyboard activity for power critical
applications.
ScadaWorks Configuration Software
ScadaWorks is an integrated suite of SCADA configuration software tools for Pinnacle Series
controllers. It combines the:

ISaGRAF IEC 61131 standard programming tools

HiBeam Graphical Web-page HMI tools

ICL‘s ScadaBuilder SCADA tools
ISaGRAF IEC 61131 is the international open systems standard for industrial control programming,
incorporating 6 different languages including ladder logic. Pinnacle Series controller support Version
5.2 of ISaGRAF with on- line programming changes and certified operation under the Microsoft Vista
and Windows 7 32-bit operating systems.
HiBeam is an easy-to-use software tool used to build HTML Java animated web pages that are served by
Pinnacle Series controllers over an Ethernet, Internet, or PPP Serial connection. The package includes a
complete library of graphical components including tanks, pump, pipes, lights switches, etc. Users can
easily add their own .GIF images as well.
ScadaBuilder is software for configuration of all the non- logic SCADA system functions. ScadaBuilder
makes it easy to set up Ethernet, Internet and serial networking and communications with multiple
protocols on individual ports, alarm handling and annunciation including voice, paging and text
messaging, and configuring multiple simultaneous data and alarm logs, along with a choice of three
different types of HMIs plus a local LCD HMI.
For more details on getting started, the Pinnacle Quick Start Guide may be downloaded from:
http://www.iclinks.com/Support/AppNotes/Pinnacle%20Quick%20Start%20Guide.pdf
12
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Options
Pinnacle Series controller options add value and reduce panel size and complexity, while avoiding
unnecessarily increasing the controller cost if a particular functionality is not required for a given
application.
IDE Flask Disk Option
The internal disk storage can be expanded to much larger sizes by adding an IDE flash disk storage
module, currently available in capacities of up to 8GB. Compared to removable USB ―memory sticks‖,
an internal IDE flash disk is faster and mechanically secure within the controller, and rated for the full
operating temperature range of the controller; -40o C to +75o C.
UPS Option
Some applications require continuous operation, even when main power is lost. The Shasta and Everest
controllers have the option of a built- in UPS. With the UPS option, by simply adding an external leadacid gel-cel battery, the controller can continue to operate when main power is lost. Smart charging,
battery monitoring and deep discharge protection are included.
Inte rnal Spread Spectrum Radio Option
An internal 900MHz Spread Spectrum radio is available in Lassen and Everest controllers. Three brands
of radios are available (Freewave, MDS and Digi/Maxstream), offering a choice of price and
performance, and compatibility with existing installations.
Inte rnal 56K baud Telephone/Voice Modem Option
Some Pinnacle Series controllers are available with an internal high-speed telephone/voice modem.
With the telephone modem option, the controller can dial out to annunciate alarms (voice alarm dialer),
initiate pages, perform remote file exchanges with a host computer, and send e- mails. Likewise, the
controller can be dialed into to access register data and process variables interactively using a touchtone
keypad, and also exchange files as well as download data logs and upload program revisions via a
remote computer.
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
13
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Everest Controller
1
5
1
4
2
1
8
1
4
4
2
20
12
14
10/100 Ethernet Port
RS-232 Serial Ports
RS-485 Serial Port (shared w/RS-232 ports)
USB 2.0 Host Ports
Internal Radio and Modem ports (shared w/RS-232 ports)
LCD HMI
Universal Inputs (Analog Inputs with Sensor Conditioning)
Analog Input – 0 to 32Vdc (if no UPS option)
Analog Outputs (20mA)
Low-voltage Discrete Inputs/Outputs & High-speed Counters with quadrature encoder support
Magnetic Pickup Inputs/High-speed Counters
Optically Isolated Discrete Inputs
Relay Discrete Outputs
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Shasta Controller
1
2
1
2
1
1
8
1
2
2
1
16
6
10/100 Ethernet Port
RS-232 Serial Ports
RS-485 Serial Port
USB 2.0 Host Ports
Internal Modem port
LCD HMI
Universal Inputs (Analog Inputs with Sensor Conditioning)
Analog Input – 0 to 32Vdc (if no UPS option)
Analog Outputs (20mA)
Low-voltage Discrete Inputs/Outputs & High-speed Counters with quadrature encoder support
Magnetic Pickup Input/High-speed Counter
Optically Isolated Discrete Inputs
Relay Discrete Outputs
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
15
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Rubicon Controller
1
2
1
2
1
4
2
1
20
10
16
10/100 Ethernet Port
RS-232 Serial Ports
RS-485 Serial Port
USB 2.0 Host Ports
LCD HMI
Universal Inputs (Analog Inputs with Sensor Conditioning)
Analog Outputs (20mA)
Magnetic Pickup Input/High-speed Counter
Optically Isolated Discrete Inputs
Relay Discrete Outputs
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Lassen Controller
1
2
1
2
1
1
1
2
1
2
1
6
6
10/100 Ethernet Port
RS-232 Serial Ports
RS-485 Serial Port
USB 2.0 Host Ports
Optional Internal Modem Port
Optional Spread Spectrum Radio Port
LCD HMI
Universal Inputs (Analog Inputs with Sensor Conditioning)
Analog Input – 4-20mA
Analog Outputs (20mA)
Magnetic Pickup Input/High-speed Counter
Low-voltage Discrete Inputs/Outputs
Low-voltage Discrete Inputs/High-speed counters with quadrature encoder support
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
17
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Status LED Indicators
Pinnacle Series controllers have two non-communications related LED status indicators.
POWER LED
(description below for Shasta/Rubicon/Everest only – for Lassen, Power LED is green for ON )
In the Lassen controller, and Shasta or Everest controllers WITHOUT the UPS option installed, the
indicator labeled ―POWER‖ is always green when power is applied. In the Shasta and Everest
controllers with the UPS option installed, the indicator labeled ―POWER‖ is a bicolor (Red/Green) LED
that indicates the current power state of the controller as follows:
LED Status
Power Status
Battery Status (if UPS option installed)
SOLID GREEN
Input power OK
battery charged
FLASHING GREEN
Input power OK
battery low (< 12.0V) or disconnected
SOLID RED
Input power failed
running on battery - battery OK (> 10.5V)
FLASHING RED
Input power failed
running on battery - battery low (< 10.5V)
OFF
Controller powered OFF
STATUS LED
The indicator labeled ―STATUS‖ is a Green LED that flashes to indicate when a logic program is
running, and to indicate USB activity and when it is OK to remove a memory stick from its USB socket.
The LED can also be configured to operate under the control of a user‘s program.
LED Status
Status
Action
SOLID GREEN
USB stick mounted and ready
Do NOT remove.
FLASHING GREEN
Program running
SOLID RED
USB memory mounting failed
Remove memory and try another
FLASHING RED
USB memory active
Do not remove USB memory yet
OFF
Program stopped
USB memory can be removed or inserted
USB Pushbutton
The USB pushbutton is used to initiate data transfers between the flash disk in the controller and a
memory stick plugged into the first USB socket, and to signal that the user wants to remove a mounted
memory stick from the system.
Memory Release
Momentarily pressing the USB pushbutton will temporarily stop data transfer from the controller to the
USB memory and close any open files so that no data will be lost if the memory is removed. Normal
operation will resume if the memory is not removed within ten seconds.
18
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Communications
Ethernet
Pinnacle Controllers have a single high-speed (10/100Mb/s) Ethernet port. This port uses an industry
standard RJ-45 connector that can be connected directly to a wall jack, hub or switch using standard RJ45 Category 6 (or better) patch cables. The Ethernet port is Auto MDX compatible, so that it
automatically adjusts to the signal wiring configuration, eliminating the need for a crossover cable.
The Pinnacle Series controller Ethernet connector has two LED indicators in the upper left hand and
right hand corners. The GREEN LED in the upper left hand corner is the ―Link Status‖ LED. It
illuminates when an Ethernet hardware link has been established (the controller is electrically connected
to an active Ethernet device). The AMBER LED in the upper right hand corner is the ―Activity Status‖
LED. It illuminates whenever an Ethernet message is transmitted or received.
The 10/100Base- T Ethernet specification limits the maximum Ethernet cable run to 100m or 350 feet,
but the actual limit is based on signal loss and the noise in the environment. This may limit the practica l
distance to less than 100m or 350 feet. The Ethernet cables should not be run in parallel with power or
any cables that generate noise.
Lnk
Act
8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
1:
2:
3:
4:
5:
6:
7:
8:
Tx+
TxRx+
Rx-
Pin connections and status LED locations for the Ethernet (RJ-45) port connector.
Pin connections on Ethernet RJ-45 plug.
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
19
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
USB Ports
Pinnacle Series controllers have USB 2.0 compliant ports, supporting low-speed (1.5Mb/s) and fullspeed (12Mb/s) operation. The USB ports provide for simple low-cost addition of removable flash disks
(also known as ―thumb drives‖), external high-capacity hard disks, and the plug- in addition of peripheral
devices such as HMI terminals, modems, and wireless transceivers. Most of these devices receive their
power through the USB connector, and therefore require no other connections for normal operation.
Pinnacle Series controllers have either two or four USB 2.0 ports as follows:
Model
Lassen/Rubicon/Shasta
USB 2.0 Ports
2
Everest
4
The connectors used for the USB ports are compliant with the USB 2.0 specification. Each USB port is a
―Host‖ port (type ―A‖ receptacle), capable of supporting USB memory and peripheral devices. For buspowered USB devices, the host port can provide up to 500mA at 5V (each).
4 3 2 1
1:
2:
3:
4:
VBUS
D+
DGND
Pin connections for the USB Host (type “A”) port connectors.
WARNING: USB ports may be permanently used in non-hazardous applications. USB ports
may be used for corrective maintenance in locations classified as hazardous but
are known to be in a non-hazardous state.
20
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Serial Communications
The most common serial communications standards in SCADA and industrial control systems are still
RS-232 for short point-to-point connections and RS-485 for longer point-to-point and networked
communications. Pinnacle Series controllers support both standards.
Pinnacle Series controllers have either two or five RS-232 two compatible serial communications ports
on Lassen, Rubicon and Shasta; five on Everest; and one RS-485 port on all four controllers. These ports
are designed for high-speed communications to 230K baud, with hardware buffering to support
sustained very high-speed data transfer throughputs.
In the Everest controller, all five serial ports are available externally as RS-232 ports, which are
―shared‖ to also support internal radios, modems and an RS-485 interface. The Lassen and Shasta
controllers expose only two of the available ports externally as RS-232 interfaces; the remainder are
either dedicated to an internal radio, internal modem, or an RS-485 interface.
The following table summarizes the serial port configurations of the Pinnacle Series controllers:
Model
Lassen
Everest
Rubicon
Shasta
COM1
RS-232
RS-232
RS-232
RS-232
COM2
RS-485
RS-485
RS-485
RS-232/RS-485
COM3
Radio Opt.
RS-232
RS-232
RS-232 or Radio Opt.
COM4
Modem Opt.
N/A
Modem Opt.
RS-232 or Modem Opt.
COM5
RS-232
N/A
N/A
RS-232
RS-232 Serial Communications Interfaces
The physical RS-232 serial port connections utilize standard RJ-45 connectors similar to
Ethernet connectors (since Ethernet connections are isolated, no damage will occur if an
Ethernet connector is accidently plugged into a serial port on the controller, or vice-versa).
The wiring of the Pinnacle RS-232 connectors follows the EIA/TIA-561 standard. Using
standard RJ-45 connectors enables low-cost Ethernet patch cables with RJ-45 to DB-9
adapters to be used as high-quality RS-232 cables. Ethernet patch cables are readily
available in a variety of lengths, allowing for a variety of RS-232 cable lengths to be ―built up‖ in the
field without any soldering.
Pinnacle Series controllers support most but not all of the standard signals on a DB-9 RS-232 connector.
In all cases, Ring Indicator (RI) and Data Set Ready (DSR) are not required by the controller software.
Ring Indicator is not supported on any of the RS-232 ports. Data Set Ready is supported on some of the
RS-232 ports.
Charts showing the supported RS-232 signals for each controller are included later in this chapter.
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
21
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
The Pinnacle Series controller RS-232 Serial Port connectors have two LED indicators in the upper left
hand and right hand corners. The GREEN LED in the upper left hand corner is the ―Receive Data‖
status LED. It illuminates when a message comes in from an RS-232 device. The AMBER LED in the
upper right hand corner is the ―Transmit Data‖ status LED. It illuminates whenever the controlle r sends
out a message to an RS-232 device.
Rx
Tx
8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
1:
2:
3:
4:
5:
6:
7:
8:
DSR
DCD
DTR
GND
RxD
TxD
CTS
RTS
Pin connections and status LED locations for the RS-232 (RJ-45) serial port connectors.
plug.
Pin connections on RS-232 RJ-45
Pin 1
(view looking into front face of female connector)
DB-9S connector pinout
RS-232 DTE Cable typical wiring (RJ-45 to DB-9S)
Note: DTE refers to Data Terminal Equipment. This would be the serial port on your PC or other
controller equipment. The equipment would have a DB 9 Male connection and require a DB 9 Female
connector on the cable.
RJ-45 (8-pin)
connections
4
5
6
Pinnacle Controller
DTE Function
GND
RxD
TxD
DB-9S DTE
Function
GND
TxD
RxD
DB-9S
connections
5
3
2
Note: Connect shield of cable to shell of DB-9S connector. Wires not lists are “no connect” on either
end.
22
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
RS-232 DCE Cable typical wiring (RJ-45 to DB-9P)
Note: DCE refers to Data Communications Equipment. This would refer to a Modem, Radio or other
communication device. These typically have a DB 9 Female connector requiring the cable to have a DB
9 Male connection.
RJ-45 (8-pin)
connections
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Pinnacle Controller
DCE Function
DSR
DCD
DTR
GND
RxD
TxD
CTS
RTS
DB-9P DTE
Function
DSR
DCD
DTR
GND
RxD
TxD
CTS
RTS
DB-9P
connections
6
1
4
5
2
3
8
7
Note: Connect shield of cable to shell of DB-9P connector.
Pin 1
DB-9P connector pinout
(view looking into front face of male connector)
High quality RS-232 modular cables are available in prewired the most common applications. The
prewired cables are configured for typical connections to DTE (Data terminal Equipment) devices such
as PCs, and DCE (Data Communications Devices) such as modems. The cable for DTE devices
terminates in a 9-pin D FEMALE connector, while the cable for DCE devices terminates in a 9-pin D
MALE connector.
The part numbers for these cables are listed in the table below:
DTE (Female)
DCE (Male)
RJ-45 to type D, RS-232 Serial Cable Assembly, 1ft.
99-2001
99-3001
RJ-45 to type D, RS-232 Serial Cable Assembly, 2ft.
99-2002
99-3002
RJ-45 to type D, RS-232 Serial Cable Assembly, 3ft.
99-2003
99-3003
RJ-45 to type D, RS-232 Serial Cable Assembly, 5ft.
99-2005
99-3005
RJ-45 to type D, RS-232 Serial Cable Assembly, 7ft.
99-2007
99-3007
RJ-45 to type D, RS-232 Serial Cable Assembly, 10ft.
99-2010
99-3010
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
23
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
RS-485 Serial Communications Interface
RS-485 is a 2-wire communications interface designed to span distances of up to 5,000 ft. and
supporting networked operation. The Pinnacle Series‘ RS-485 port (COM2) is typically used for I/O
expansion using MAXIO, MicroBrick, PicoBrick, and Ascent Distributed I/O modules, although many
types of industrial equipment have an RS-485 interface and can be used with the Pinnacle Series
controller.
Although the original RS-485 standard allowed for only 32 devices on a network, the RS-485 interfaces
in Pinnacle Series controllers and ICL‘s Distributed I/O modules are specially designed to allow up to
256 devices to share the same network.
The Pinnacle Series RS-485 connections are on a removable terminal block. In the Shasta and Everest
controllers, this is the 8-position terminal block shared with the DC power and UPS connections. On the
Lassen controller, this is the main (and only) terminal block.
Traditionally, RS-485 networks use a 100Ω resistor termination at each end of the network. This
technique does not work well with certain protocols such as Modbus that do not have a lead-in message
header to eliminate garbage on the beginning of a message. ICL controllers and I/O modules have series
termination resistors that eliminate this problem. In most cases, even on longer networks, separate
termination is not required. If termination is used, it should be AC coupled. Call ICL technical support
for additional information if you think that you need additional network termination.
Pinnacle Series Controller
RS-485
+ -
RS-485
ScadaFlex
Microbrick
I/O Module
RS-485
+
Use twisted pair cable
(shielded is better).
Wire all devices minus to
minus and plus to plus.
ScadaFlex
Microbrick
I/O Module
+
RS-485 - Field Wiring Example
24
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
EVEREST Serial Communications Ports
Signal
Data Set Ready
Carrier Detect
Data Terminal Ready
Ground
Receive Data
Transmit Data
Clear to Send
Request to Send
Name
DSR
DCD
DTR
GND
RXD
TXD
CTS
RTS
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
COM1








COM2








COM3








COM4


ON





COM5
ON



ON
 = act ively supported RS-232 signal
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
25
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
SHASTA Serial Communications Ports
Signal
Data Set Ready
Carrier Detect
Data Terminal Ready
Ground
Receive Data
Transmit Data
Clear to Send
Request to Send
Name
DSR
DCD
DTR
GND
RXD
TXD
CTS
RTS
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
COM1








COM3








 = act ively supported RS-232 signal
26
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
RUBICON Serial Communications Ports
Signal
Data Set Ready
Carrier Detect
Data Terminal Ready
Ground
Receive Data
Transmit Data
Clear to Send
Request to Send
Name
DSR
DCD
DTR
GND
RXD
TXD
CTS
RTS
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
COM1







ON
COM3
ON



ON
 = actively suppor ted RS-232 signal
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
27
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
LASSEN Serial Communications Ports
Signal
Data Set Ready
Carrier Detect
Data Terminal Ready
Ground
Receive Data
Transmit Data
Clear to Send
Request to Send
Name
DSR
DCD
DTR
GND
RXD
TXD
CTS
RTS
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
COM1







ON
COM5
ON



ON
 = actively suppor ted RS-232 signal
28
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Installation
Mechanical Installation
Pinnacle Controllers are designed to be installed in a protective enclosure with the appropriate NEMA
rating for the environment that the controller will be used. Typical NEMA ratings are as follows:
Indoor applications only: NEMA 1 Indoor
Outdoor applications:
NEMA 4, 4X or 12 rated enclosures (North America)
IP54 or IP56 rated enclosures (European Union)
The enclosure material must be a minimum of 1.14mm (0.045‖) thick. Typically, the controller is
mounted vertically in such an enclosure on a steel or aluminum DIN rail. If an alternative mounting
scheme is used, it is recommended that the controller be mounted on a noncombustible surface.
Two snap on DIN rail mountings are located on the back of the unit. Simply slide the top side of the
mountings onto the DIN rail and press down to snap the bottom into place. The spring loaded stays
allow the unit to be removed by lifting up and pulling the top :‖hooked‖ part of the mountings off of
the DIN rail and lowering the unit until the spring loaded stays come free.
Two #10 set screws are supplied, that when installed, keep the unit from ―rocking‖ on the DIN rail
after mounting. The set screws are NOT a source of earth grounding.
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
29
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Electrical Installation and Maintenance
All field wiring connections to and from the Pinnacle Controller, except for RS-232 and Ethernet
communications are made via removable terminal blocks.
NOTE: The terminal block screws must be tightened to 7 lb-in.
Class 1 Division 2 Group A, B, C, and D Requirements
This equipment is suitable for use in Class I, Division 2, Groups A, B, C, and D or non -hazardous
locations only.
WARNING – EXPLOSION HAZARD – Do not disconnect equipment unless power has been
removed or the area is known to be non- hazardous.
WARNING – EXPLOSION HAZARD – Substitution of any components may impair suitability for
Class I, Division 2.
WARNING – EXPLOSION HAZARD – The area must be known to be non-hazardous before
servicing/replacing the unit and before installing.
WARNING – EXPLOSION HAZARD – The USB connectors are for temporary connection only. Do
not use, connect, or disconnect unless area is known to be
non-hazardous. Connection or disconnection in an
explosive atmosphere could result in an explosion.
Special Notice Regarding Sealed Relay Devices
The following information is provided in regards to the sealed relay devices used in these products.
WARNING – Exposure to some chemicals may degrade the sealing properties of materials used in the
Sealed relay devices.
RECOMMENDATION – It is recommended to inspect the Sealed Relay Devices periodically and to
check for any degradation of the materials and to replace the complete product, not the sealed device, if
any degradation is found.
30
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Diagrams in the following sections provide examples for analog and discrete I/O and power wiring.
The following wiring guidelines must be followed:

Stranded conductors from #14 to #26 AWG, or solid conductors from #12 to #26AWG
USE COPPER CONDUCTORS ONLY

Wires must be rated for 240V, 90ºC and suitably current rated.

Wire insulation must be a minimum of 0.9mm (0.031‖) thick if subjected to movement, flexing
or handling during use or maintenance.

Route wires away from sharp edges, screw threads, burrs, fins, moving parts, drawers, and the
like.

Clamps and guides, if used, shall be provided with smooth, well-rounded edges.

Wiring that is subject to flexing during servicing such as that from a stationary part to a part
mounted on a hinged door shall be provided with additional insulation at any po int where flexed.

Additional insulation, if used, shall be insulating tubing, or a wrapping of not less than two
layers of insulating tape. All must be minimum of 90ºC and 240V rated.

All splices and connections must be mechanically secure and provide electrical continuity

Conductors are also not to be grouped.

Use snubbers or other appropriate arc suppression devices on all relay-type Discrete Outputs

External surge suppression must be installed to limit all operating voltages to within 140% of
signal voltage. This includes all RS-232 signals and Digital Input terminals.
Transient suppression must be supplied externally for each active signal for the following circuits:
Signal(s)
Maximum Operating
Voltage
140% Transient
Suppression Level.
Circuit Connection
Optically Isolated D igital Inputs 120
VAC RMS/DC
RS 232 Signals (DTR, CD, RTS,
CTS, RX, and TX) *
300V
420VAC RMS or
420VDC
+/- 16.8VDC
DI to DI Common
+/-12VDC
Signal to RS 232
Common
* Different RS-232 ports support different signal configurations. Some signals may not be available on
some ports and therefore do not need transient protection. Refer to the RS-232 pin out table later in this
document for details.
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
31
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Lithium Battery
The internal Clock/Calendar circuits utilize a Lithium Coin Battery for backup power. The replacement
battery must be a Rayovac BR2032-B. DO NOT USE ANY SUBSTITUTES.
Grounding
The earth ground terminal of the Pinnacle Controller must have a bonding conductor (14AWG or
heavier copper wire) that connects the controller case to the enclosure with less than 0.1 ohms of
resistance. See Powe r Wiring section of this manual.
32
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Set Screw
1/2" Clear Zone
1/2" Clear Zone
7.5mm by 35mm DIN rail
Industrial Control Links
Stat
RS-232
Com 1
Power
Stat
Com X
ENET
USB 1
Com Z
PINNACLE
USB2
Programmable SCADA Controller
ESC
Set Screw
Top
Bottom
Min. 14AWG
Earth Ground
Screw (green)
Spring Loaded Stay
Slip on DIN rail first
Ventilation
Pinnacle Controllers have ventilation slots on the sides of their case. To ensure proper free air
circulation and maintain the full temperature rating, the space 1/2 inch immediately to either side of the
enclosure must be clear of any other devices.
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
33
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Power
Pinnacle Series controllers are designed to operate from DC power, ranging from 10 to 30Vdc. In
addition, Shasta and Everest controllers have the option of a built- in UPS to support non-stop operation
with an external 12-volt lead-acid or ―gel-cel‖ battery. This option manages all battery-charging
functions, and provides battery charge level monitoring information back to a control program. The UPS
option also provides a battery backed power output capable of powering external equipment, up to 3A.
Note: For proper charging of the battery from the UPS option, the power supply must 15VDC or
greater.
Power Wiring
21 22 23 24
12/24Vdc
Power Supply
+
-
+VIN
GND
LASSEN
21 22 23 24
12/24Vdc
Power Supply
+
-
Safety/Earth Ground 14 AWG or Better
GND
E-GND
1
Rubicon
+VIN
2
-
-
+VOUT
+VIN
GND
8
12/24Vdc Power Supply
Minimum 15VDC when
UPS Option Installed
+
GND
7
+
6
-
BAT+
5
+
4
12V Lead-acid
Battery (UPS
option only)
3
Battery-backed
Power (w/UPS
option only)
E-GND
Safety/Earth Ground 14 AWG or Better
SHASTA & EVEREST
Pinnacle Series Power Wiring
UPS Option
Your controller will denote the UPS option is installed by the following tag located on the underside of
the controller.
34
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
The DC power wiring for each of the Pinnacle Series controllers, and optional UPS power wiring, is
shown below:
Pinnacle I/O
Pinnacle Series controllers includes a full complement of analog and discrete inputs and outputs in their
base configuration, and in factory installed I/O expansion boards:
Universal Inputs
High-resolution Universal Inputs handle nearly any type of analog signal or sensor without external
signal conditioners required. Unconditioned signals from 20mA current, voltage, millivolt and resistance
sensors (including thermocouple, thermistor and RTD temperature sensors) are supported, as well as
contact closure and logic-level discrete input signals.
Analog Inputs
In addition to the Universal Inputs, Pinnacle Series controllers have an extra analog input available. In
Lassen controllers, this input is pre-configured as a 20mA (0 to 20mA) current loop input. In Shasta and
Everest controllers, this input supports 0 to 32Vdc for external power monitoring (available externally
only if the UPS option is not installed).
Analog Outputs
Analog Outputs provide 20mA current loop control signals, or with a single external resistor, they can
be adapted to provide 0 to 5V or 0 to 10V voltage control signals.
Low-voltage Discrete Inputs
Available in the Lassen Controller, low-voltage Discrete Inputs support contact closures and DC voltage
levels, up to 30Vdc. They also support high-speed pulse counting, up to 10KHz, as single channels, or
support quadrature (up/down counting) encoders when used in pairs.
Low-voltage Discrete Inputs/Outputs
Low- voltage Discrete Inputs/Outputs are dual function I/O points, that support contact closures and DC
voltage levels, up to 30Vdc when used as inputs, an can be used as DC outputs that switc h low- voltage
DC loads of up to 1A per output. In the Shasta and Everest controllers, they also support high-speed
pulse counting, up to 10KHz, as single channels, and quadrature encoders when used in pairs.
Optically Isolated Discrete Inputs
Discrete Inputs are optically isolated input points for sensing switch and contact closures from on/off
sensors. Pinnacle Series are ordered as ―12/24V‖ or ―120/240V‖ models depending on the signal levels
of the Discrete Inputs.
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
35
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Discrete Outputs
Discrete Outputs provide relay contact outputs, up to 3A, to operate on/off type control devices.
Rubicon controllers also offer a 10mS resolution PWM and one shot functionality.
High-speed Magnetic Pickup Pulse Inputs
High-speed Magnetic Pickup Pulse Inputs accept low- level fast pulse signals, typically from magnetic
sensors used in low-cost flow meters. Even though some of the Low- voltage Discrete Inputs and Lowvoltage Discrete Inputs/Outputs can also handle high-speed pulses, these particular inputs can do so with
signals that drop too much lower and variable amplitudes.
Internal Points and Registers
Internal voltage readings (power, battery level, etc.), and status and control bits are available to
controller application and are connected to registers within the controller.
Universal Inputs
Universal Inputs accept both analog input and discrete input signals including signals from sensors that
monitor levels, flows, temperatures, pressure, etc. as well as discrete input devices such as switches and
relay contacts. Built- in signal conditioning for resistance and temperature sensors eliminates the need for
most external signal converters. Each Universal Input channel is individually configurable for
conversion speed (filtering response) and averaging to manage noisy signals and optimize individual
sensor response times.
Pinnacle Series controllers have up to eight Universal Inputs in their base configuration. The operation
and functionality of the Universal Inputs is identical between controller models except for the number of
inputs and the conversion speed.
Model (without I/O Expansion)
Number of Universal Inputs
Maximum conversion speed
36
Lassen
2
14
Rubicon
4
2,500
Shasta
8
2,500
Everest
8
2,500
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Signal Types and Levels – Mode Selection
The Pinnacle Series Universal Inputs may be configured to accept standard 20mA or voltage (2V)
process control signals, thermocouples, low- level millivolt sensors, resistive sensors such as thermistors,
RTDs and potentiometers, and contact closures. With an external scaling module, or a pair of external
resistors, the inputs can be configured for higher voltages of either polarity (i.e. +/-10Vdc). The input
mode and sensor type are determined by settings in the I/O Section of the ScadaBuilder configuration
software ( I/O | Configuration and I/O | Scaling ). There are no mechanical DIP switches or jumpers to
set.
Speed Selection
A single Analog to Digital (A/D) converter is used to sample the Universal Input channels. To optimize
the throughout, each channels conversion speed is configurable, and unused channels can be shut off. In
the Shasta and Everest controllers, the conversion speeds for each channel are adjustable from 0.284mS
(3500Hz) to 145.4mS (7Hz). Since each channel uses the same A/D converter, the conversion speed of
each channel contributes to the overall scan conversion rate for all of the channels. So for example, if
each of the channels is set for the maximum speed and all eight channels are enabled, the aggregate
conversion speed is 8 x 0.284mS = 2.272mS = 440Hz. The aggregate speed is totaled for you in the
ScadaBuilder Universal Inputs I/O configuration window.
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
37
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Even though the A/D converter is capable of being very fast, the noise rejection will be best at slower
speeds. Therefore, it‘s good to set the conversion speeds to just fast enough to get the job done. Most
applications that measure levels, flows and temperatures do not change very quickly. Typically the
lower conversion rates work just fine and provide the most stable readings.
Averaging
In addition to conversion speed, averaging can be used to tailor the response time and stability of the
analog readings. Each channel is independently settable from no averaging (average of 1) to averaging
of up to 32 samples in increments of 2 (1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32). For the smoothest performance, ‗Boxcar‘
averaging is used so that each conversion, the newest reading is added into the list and the oldest reading
is removed and the average is recalculated. Averaging is especially effective at reducing the effects on
low- level signals such as millivolt and thermocouple readings.
Raw Mode
Raw mode bypasses all scaling and calibration in the I/O processor, provid ing ―raw‖ 16-bit readings
from the A/D converter. A full-scale reading of 65535 represents an input of approximately 2.25Vdc.
The calculation is:
A/D Reading = (65535 * V) / 2.25
This mode is typically used as a diagnostic tool and should not normally be used in field deployed
systems.
20mA Current Mode
Current loop sensors come in ―loop powered‖ and ―self-powered‖ configurations. The Universal Inputs
do not source loop power for 20mA loops. If the devices are not self-powered, an external loop supply is
required. Most commonly, this is the same power supply that powers the controller itself.
When configured for Milliamp Current Mode, the Pinnacle Series controllers measure signals from 0 to
22.5mA (12% over-range for ―standard‖ 20mA signals). The I/O processor scales and performs
38
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
calibration correction on the readings, so that a full-scale reading of 22.5mA is presented to the main
CPU as a value of 22500 (1,000 counts per milliamp). The milliamp mode is typically used to measure
the output of 4 to 20mA sensors. The readings from these sensors will come into the Main CPU as 4000
for 4mA and 20,000 for 20mA.
Current is measured by reading the voltage drop across a 100-ohm precision resistor through which the
current is flowing. These resistors are automatically enabled when the input mode is set to current in the
ScadaBuilder software.
Voltage Mode
When configured for voltage measurements, the Pinnacle Series controller measures signals from 0 to
2.25 volts (2 volts plus 12% over-range) with a resolution of just over 16-bits. There is no loss of
accuracy in this over-range area, so it‘s possible to accurately read the signal levels from slightly
misadjusted sensors that run ―a little hot‖. It‘s also possible to distinguish between a sensor output that is
at full scale versus over-range.
The I/O processor scales and performs calibration correction on the readings, so that a full-scale reading
of 2.25Vdc is presented to the main CPU as a value of 22500 (10,000 counts per volt). This provides
readings that without further scaling, read out directly in 100uV increments (imagine a decimal point 4
places from the right to interpret the readings in volts). The Scaling section of ScadaBuilder can be used
to change this scaling to more meaningful engineering units.
Millivolt Mode
The Pinnacle Series controller can accurately measure very small signal levels like those from ―br idge‖
type pressure transducers and low power devices such a solar radia tion sensors. In the Millivolt Mode,
the controller has a full-scale measurement range of +/-250mV. The I/O processor scales and performs
calibration correction on the low- level readings, so that a full- scale reading of +/- 250mV is presented to
the main CPU as a value of +/-25,000 (10,000 counts per 100mV).
Extended and Bipolar Voltage Measurements
Voltages in excess of 0 to 2Vdc, and sensors that supply a bipolar signal, are supported using a
combination of an external precision scaling module (or resistor divider) and the Millivolt Mode. The
standard scaling module available from ICL divides the input level by 50, providing a full-scale range of
+/- 12.5Vdc. This is ideal for measuring +/-5V and +/-10V process signals.
The user can create their own scaling ―module‖ with a pair of precision low-drift resistors in a voltage
divider configuration. The voltage ―seen‖ by the Universal Input is calculated as :
Rupper/(Rupper + Rlower).
"Upper"
Resistor
From Analog Sensor
"Lower"
Resistor
To Universal
Input
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Range
+/-5Vdc
+/-10Vdc
“Upper” resistor
12.5K ohm 1%
24.9K ohm 1%
“Lower” resistor
499 ohm 1%
499 ohm 1%
39
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Using the Scaling Section of ScadaBuilder, the
+/- 25000 (+/-250.00mV) readings from the I/O
processor can be easily converted to scaled
values and/ or engineering units. Using the ICL
voltage-scaling module, a +/- 10v signal is
reduced to +/-200mV (allowing for a 25% over
range headroom) or readings of –20000 to
+20000 from the I/O processor. The
ScadaBuilder scaling record is set so that low
and high readings ranging from –20000 to
+20000 are scaled to read from –10.0 to +10.0
(volts). Changing the ―Engineering Units‖ low
and high values will cause the sensor readings to
be converted linearly to any desired range of
integer or real (floating point) engineering
values.
Resistance Type Sensors and Measurements
Resistance measurements and resistive type sensors such as thermistors, RTDs and potentiometers
(―pots‖), as well as sensing contact closures, require a current source. When a resistance type mode or
sensor is selected in the ScadaBuilder software, the controller automatically ―switches in‖ the required
current source.
Resistance Mode
The Pinnacle Series controller measures resistance from 0 to 65,535 ohms. The resolution is better than
1 ohm below 13,000 ohms, and up to about 10 ohms or so towards the top of the range. The readings can
be scaled by ScadaBuilder from ohms to any set of engineering units. The resistance mode is typically
used to read the resistance of potentiometer sensors that indicate position or rotation.
Vsrc
4.99K
precision
resistor
Vsen
Sensor
Resistance
+2.25V A/D
Reference
Rsrc = 4.99K x Vsen
Vsrc
To Analog Input
Resistance is measured by sourcing current through a precision 4,999-ohm reference resistor that is in
series with the sensor. The I/O processor measures the voltage drop at the junction of the reference
resistor and the sensor and compares it to the reference voltage. The I/O processor is then able to ratio
metrically calculate the sensor resistance. Note that the reference voltage of 2.25 ensures that the source
current is less than 0.5mA to prevent sensor self- heating when using sensors with a low thermal mass.
Thermistor Modes
Thermistors are temperature sensors that are popular for use in HVAC, b uilding monitoring and
automotive applications. The resistance of a thermistor varies non- linearly with temperature, so the I/O
40
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
processor in the Pinnacle Series controller automatically corrects for the non- linearity and provides a
calibrated reading, in degrees C or F, to the controller.
Pinnacle Series controllers have internal linearization support for Type II and III 10K ohm thermistors
(resistance is 10,000 ohms at 25o C/77o F). These are some of the more come ones used for HVAC
applications.
The supported temperature ranges and corresponding readings from the I/O processor are:
Sensor Mode
Type II - Deg C
Type II - Deg F
Type III - Deg C
Type III - Deg F
Temperature
-40.1°C to 203.4°C
-40.1°F to 398.1°F
-40.1°C to 201.1°C
-40.1°F to 393.9°F
From I/O processor
-401 to 2034
-400 to 3981
-401 to 2011
-400 to 3939
Other thermistor types and ranges can be supported by reading the sensor resistance (using ―Resistance
Mode‖) and running the resulting measurement value through an ISaGRAF ―CHARCTRZ‖ block for
linearization.
Thermistor Resistance versus Temperature Table
The table below shows the relationship between the resistance of industry standard Type II and Type III
10K ohm thermistors and temperature.
When using thermistors with the built- in scaling in the Pinnacle Series controllers, use the
manufacturers literature to verify that the sensors that you are using match the table below. Although
there is a defacto standard for 10K Type II and Type III thermistors, manufacturers are under no
obligation to conform to these standards.
Note that even though the ScadaBuilder Resistance Mode measurements can only read up to 65,535
ohms, internally, the Pinnacle Series controllers can convert and linearize higher resistances (in this
case, some of the temperatures below freezing).
Deg C
-40
-35
-30
-25
-20
-15
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
Deg F
10K Type II - ohms
10K Type III – ohms
-40
-31
-22
-13
-4
5
14
23
32
41
50
59
68
77
335,671
242,195
176,683
130,243
96,974
72,895
55,298
42,314
32,650
25,395
19,903
15,714
12,493
10,000
239,831
179,280
135,233
102,890
78,930
61,030
47,549
37,316
29,490
23,462
18,787
15,136
12,268
10,000
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
41
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
150
86
95
104
113
122
131
140
149
158
167
176
185
194
302
8,056
6,530
5,324
4,366
3,601
2,985
2,487
2,082
1,751
1,480
1,256
1,070
916
185
8,197
6,754
5,594
4,656
3,893
3,271
2,760
2,339
1,990
1,700
1,458
1,255
1,084
238
RTD Mode
RTDs are another form of resistance temperature sensor. They are frequently used in refrigeration and
some HVAC applications. Unlike thermistors, the change in resistance per degree of temperature is very
small. Therefore RTDs are more susceptible to errors caused by lead resistance. Pinnacle Series
controllers support both 2-wire and 3-wire measurement modes for RTDs. The 2-wire mode does not
compensate for lead resistance, while the 3-wire mode does. Unfortunately, the 3-wire mode uses a
PAIR Universal Input channels.
Standard RTDs come in 10 ohm, 100 ohm and 1000 ohm varieties. 100 ohm and 1000 ohm RTDs are
typically made from Platinum and used for precision temperature measurements. 10 ohm RTDs are
made from copper and usually used to measure the internal temperature of motors for thermal
protection, requiring considerably less accuracy.
Although the relationship between resistance of an RTD and temperature is considerably more linear
that thermistors, the I/O processor must still linearize the readings to provide accurate cali brated values
to the controller. The Pinnacle Series controller supports the following temperature ra nges (and provides
the following corresponding readings) for 10, 100 and 1000 ohm RTDs:
Sensor Mode
Temperature
From I/O Processor
10 ohm RTD
-190°C to 250°C
-1900 to 2500
-310°F to 482°F
-3100 to 4820
-198.9°C to 869.4°C
-1989 to 8694
100/1000 ohm RTDs
42
Deg C
Deg F
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
10
20
30
40
-40
-22
-4
14
32
50
68
86
104
10 ohm RTD
7.490
7.876
8.263
8.649
9.035
9.421
9.807
10.194
10.580
100 ohm RTD
84.7
88.5
92.2
96.1
100.0
103.9
107.8
111.7
115.5
1K ohm RTD
847
885
922
961
1000
1039
1078
1117
1155
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Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
50
60
70
80
90
100
120
140
160
180
200
220
240
250
122
140
158
176
194
212
248
284
320
356
392
428
464
482
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
10.966
11.352
11.738
12.124
12.511
12.897
13.669
14.442
15.217
15.996
16.776
17.555
18.335
18.726
119.4
123.2
127.1
130.9
134.7
138.5
146.1
153.6
161.0
168.5
175.8
180.9
188.0
191.5
1194
1232
1271
1309
1347
1385
1461
1536
1610
1685
1758
1809
1880
1915
43
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Thermocouple Modes
The Pinnacle Series Controller directly supports temperature measurements using thermocouple sensors.
No external signal conditioners are needed for any combination of type J, K , T , E, R, S, B and N
thermocouples.
Only use ungrounded type thermocouples (electrically isolated junction).
The I/O processor in the Pinnacle Series controller automatically performs linearization and coldjunction compensation to the thermocouple readings. The inputs have upscale burnout protection,
forcing a maximum temperature reading for an open thermocouple sensor. The supported temperature
ranges and corresponding readings from the I/O processor are:
Thermocouple
Type J
Type J
Type K
Type K
Type T
Type T
Type E
Type E
Type R
Type R
Type S
Type S
Type B
Type B
Type N
Type N
Temperature Range
Deg C -240.7°C to 1199.0°C
Deg F -401.2°F t° 2190.2°F
Deg C -261.2°C t° 1369.5°C
Deg F -438.1°F to 2497.1°F
Deg C -263.2°C to 398.8°C
Deg F -441.7°F to 749.8°F
Deg C -267.4°C to 999.0°C
Deg F -449.3°F to 1830.2°F
Deg C -43.1°C to 1759.8°C
Deg F -45.5°F to 3199.6°F
Deg C -41.3°C to 1759.1°C
Deg F -42.3°F to 3198.3°F
Deg C 253.4°C to 1792.1°C
Deg F 488.1°F to 3257.8°F
Deg C -255.4°C to 1296.8°C
Deg F -427.7°F to 2366.2°F
From I/O Processor
-2407 to 11990
-4012 to 21902
-2612 to 13695
-4381 to 24971
-2632 to 3988
-4417 to 7498
-2674 to 9990
-4493 to 18302
-431 to 17598
-455 to 31996
-413 to 17591
-423 to 31983
2534 to 17921
4881 to 32578
-2554 to 12968
-4277 to 23662
Low- level thermocouple signals can be
susceptible to noise. In the I/O Section of
ScadaBuilder, the I/O processor can be set to
average 1 to 8 readings at a time (1 to 32 on
Rubicon) to reduce noise. Since temperatures
normally change slowly, averaging can be
used to smooth out noisy readings. There is
also a power- line frequency setting to
optimize 50/60Hz noise rejection, depending
of the final equipment installation location.
44
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Contact Closure and Logic Level Discrete Inputs
In addition to analog type sensors, the Universal Inputs of the Pinnacle Series controller can accept
simple discrete input signals in the form of contact closures and low- level logic signals. Unlike the
controller‘s other discrete inputs, the universal inputs can use the built- in current sources available for
resistance measurements so that no external ―wetting‖ current is required for contact closure type
sensors (switches, relay contacts, etc.). The inputs are also more sensitive so they are capable of
accepting TTL and CMOS logic levels which typical run between 3 and 5Vdc (the minimum ON
voltage of the ―normal‖ discrete inputs is 9Vdc). Do NOT apply any voltage in excess of 5.5Vdc to a
Universal Input, otherwise the overload protection circuitry will take over and clamp the input to
approximately 6Vdc.
The I/O processor actually processes a discrete sensor on a Universal Input like any other analog sensor,
so the inputs are heavily filtered and respond a little more slowly than the conventional discrete inputs.
This will be mainly noticeable on Lassen controllers whose maximum A/D conversion rate is
considerably slower than Shasta and Everest.
The discrete Universal Input signals are brought into the controller as UDI1 through UDI‖n‖ where ―n‘
is 2 for Lassen controllers and 8 for Shasta and Everest controllers. Be sure to assign Boolean tags to
these inputs. If the voltage level on Universal Discrete Input is HIGH (a voltage of 2.00Vdc or greater),
it is considered OFF. A LOW (a voltage from 0 to 1.2Vdc) is considered to be ON. To use contact
closure type sensors, select the channels Universal Input mode as ―resistance‖ in order to enable the
internal current source. If a low- level logic signal is used, set the mode to voltage.
Universal Inputs Field Wir ing
For current (20mA), voltage and millivolt type sensors, the Universal Inputs are passive, requiring an
active signal source. 20mA current loop devices must either have their own internal loop power
supplies, or an external supply must be used (such as the power supply used to power the controller).
Voltage type sensors are typically self-powered anyway. It is best if self-powered devices are isolated to
avoid ground loops.
Thermocouples MUST be non- grounded type (electrically isolated) to avoid ground loops.
Thermistors, RTDs and other resistive sensors are isolated by design, so no special precautions are
typically required.
The typical wiring of various types of sensors to the Universal Inputs is shown below. The terminals are
arranged so that 2 Universal Inputs channels share a common terminal. Note that although pairs of
similar sensor types are shown in the examples, sensors can be mixed, except for 3-wire RTDs which
must be wired to an adjacent pair of odd/even inputs as shown on the next page.
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
45
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Universal Input Wiring
The field wiring to the Universal Inputs terminates to a removable terminal block. The location of these
termination points for each Pinnacle Series controller model is pictured in Appendix A of this manual.
46
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Analog Inputs
Every Pinnacle Series controller has a 10-bit analog input that is in addition to the Universal Inputs. This
analog input is available whenever the UPS option is not installed. In Lassen, it is always available
because a Lassen controller cannot have a UPS option.
In Lassen Controllers, the Analog Input is preconfigured as a 0 to 20mA current input. In Shasta and
Everest controllers, the analog input is preconfigured as a 0 to 32Vdc voltage input.
Model (without I/O Expansion)
Analog Input – Input Type/Range
Lassen
0 - 20mA
Shasta
0 – 32Vdc
Everest
0 – 32Vdc
Analog Input Field Wiring
The Analog Input on Lassen Controllers is pre-configured for 20mA devices; either self-powered or
loop powered (loop powered required an external power supply, that can be the same as the controller
input power)
The Analog Input on Shasta and Everest controllers is preconfigured for 0 to 32Vdc operation and is
only available externally on controllers that DO NOT have the UPS option installed (This input is used
internally to monitor the battery voltage when the UPS is installed, and the terminal is used as the
battery connection.).
The Rubicon controller has no inputs of this type.
The typical wiring to the Analog Input is shown below.
Self Powered Sensors
20mA Sensor (loop powered)
1
+24Vdc Loop Power Supply
C
+
C
Lassen, Shasta or Everest
+
1
+
Self Powered Sensor or Power Device
20 mA Loop Powered Sensors
Lassen only
The field wiring to the Analog Input terminates on a removable terminal block. The location of these
termination points for each Pinnacle Series controller model is pictured in Appendix A of this manual.
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
47
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Analog Outputs
Analog outputs are used to control variable speed drives, valves, positioners and dampers as well as
chart recorders and digital displays. Pinnacle Series controllers have up to four 12-bit analog outputs in
their base I/O configuration.
Model (without I/O Expansion) Lassen
Number of Analog Outputs
2
Rubicon
2
Shasta
2
Everest
4
Signal Types and Levels
The analog outputs produce 0 to 20mA control signals. The common 4 mA offset required by 4 to 20mA
control devices and indicators can be set up in the scaling portion of the ScadaBuilder software.
With the addition of a single external resistor (per channel), the outputs can be converted to voltage
outputs (i.e. 0 to 5Vdc or 0 to 10Vdc). The resistor value can be calculated as:
Rsense = Vout / 0.02
Output Range Sense Resistor Values
0 to 1VDC
50 Ohms (1/4 Watt or more)
0 to 5VDC
250 Ohms (1/4 Watt or more)
0 to 10VDC
500 Ohms (1/4 Watt or more)
AO-Out
From 0 to 20mA
Analog Output
Com
+Out
To Control Device
Sense
that requires a
Resistor Voltage control signal
Com
The resistor values required for common output voltage ranges are shown in the table on the left.
Standard 1% values of 49, 249 and 499 ohms may be substituted for the ―ideal‖ values shown in the
table.
The Pinnacle Series analog outputs source current from an internally boosted DC power source derived
from the controller input power, or battery power when the UPS option is installed. Regardless of the
input voltage, the controller will source up to about 24Vdc to a control loop.
Note: The common of the analog outputs are connected to the controller’s power supply input
common. Control devices connected to these outputs should be isolated to avoid unforeseen
ground loops.
Output Scaling
The Pinnacle Series Analog Outputs are scaled to provide a 0 to 20mA output signal with output values
of 0 to 20,000 (1 count = 1uA). The outputs have an additional 5% or so of headroom, so it‘s possible to
use values greater than 20,000 to get output levels slightly higher than 20mA. Note that since the outputs
have an actual resolution of 12-bits (a ―real‖ range of 0 to 4095), it will require an increase or decrease
of several counts in the analog output value to cause a change in the actual current output. The 0 to
20,000 scaling is simply done for the convenience of system setup. If desired, the analog outputs can be
rescaled by changing or adding a scaling record in the I/O section of Scadabuilder.
48
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Analog Outputs Field Wiring
Typical wiring configurations to the Analog Outputs for both 20mA and 0 to 1V, 0 to 5V, or 0 to 10V
operation are shown in the diagrams below. Note that no external loop power supply is required.
Pinnacle Series Analog Outputs generate their own regulated 24Vdc loop power.
20mA Control Devices
0 to 1V, 0 to 5, or 0 to 10V Control Devices
1
1V,5V,10V
Control
Device
1V,5V,10V
Control
Device
2
2
20mA Control Device
1
+ +
20mA Control Device
R
R
C
C
R = 50 ohms for 0 to 1V
R = 250 ohms for 0 to 5V
R = 500 ohms for 0 to 10V
The field wiring to the Analog Outputs terminates on a removable terminal block. The location of these
termination points for each Pinnacle Series controller model is pictured in Appendix A of this manual.
(Note: terminal numbering will vary from the examples above from model to model.)
Low-voltage Discrete Inputs
Low- voltage Discrete Inputs are non-isolated digital inputs that accept a contact closure or a low-voltage
DC input level. The inputs have their own built- in current source, so that only a simple contact closure is
required to generate an input signal. The inputs are fast and have programmable filtering to eliminate
noise and contact bounce. Associated with each input is a high-speed counter. Support for quadrature
encoders is also provided using pairs of these inputs. The Lassen controller has six Low- voltage Discrete
Inputs. Currently, this is the only Pinnacle Series controller with this input type.
Signal Types and Levels
A simple contact closure is all that is required as a sensor input signal, but the inputs are rated to accept
voltage levels of up to 30Vdc. A low-level (less than 1Vdc) or contact closure to ‗ground‘ is considered
an ON; a high level (greater than 2Vdc) is considered an OFF. Above 5Vdc, the input protection
circuitry ‗looks‘ like a 10K ohm load to the input source.
+5V
<1mA
Field
Wiring
10K
Input Clamping
Digital Filtering
10KHz 32-bit
Counter
Simplified Diagram of the Low-voltage Discrete Input
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
49
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Digital Input Filtering
The Pinnacle Series Low- voltage Discrete Inputs have configurable digital filtering to tailor the response
of the input to counter the effects of noise and/or contact bounce. The filtering may be set to time
constants of 0, 1mS, 2mS, 4mS, 8mS, 16mS, or 32mS.
Pulse Totalization
The Pinnacle Series Low- voltage Discrete Inputs have built- in counters that count ON transitions,
providing reliable fast pulse totalization that is not sensitive to program scan time. The responsiveness of
the counter may be tailored by adjusting the digital input filtering. The pulse totalizers are 32-bit
counters, meaning that the totalizers count up to 4,294,836,225 ON transitions before they ―roll over‖ to
zero again. The counters can be reset to zero at any time under program control by writing a 0 to the
registers that they are mapped to. Like any other registers, totalizer registers can be declared as
―retentive‖ (nonvolatile) so that the accumulated values will be remembered through a power failure.
The built- in counting features can be used for very accurate flow and wattage totalization.
Rate Calculation
On all Low-voltage Discrete Inputs, Pinnacle Series controllers compute the incoming pulse rate based
on a user settable ―Gate‖ (sampling) time. The sampling time is set in 1-second increments in the I/O
section of ScadaBuilder. Choosing a smaller gate time causes the rate value to be updated more
frequently. Choosing a longer gate time reduces the update rate but increases the measurement
resolution since more input pulses are sampled over the longer time period. The built- in rate calculation
feature is especially useful for monitoring flow rates from pulse output flow meters.
Quadrature
Pinnacle Series Low-voltage Discrete Inputs support quadrature output shaft encoders. When enabled,
an adjacent pair of inputs is used to keep track of the distance (number of pulses) traveled in a 32-bit
signed integer register mapped to the first input. A signed register mapped to the second input shows a 1
or -1 to indicate the current direction of movement, or a 0 for no movement. This feature is typically is
used to keep track of the movement and position of vehicles, cranes and robotic equipment.
50
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Low-voltage Discrete Inputs Field Wiring
The typical wiring of contact closure type sensors, low-voltage TTL/CMOS logic devices, and
quadrature shaft encoders to the low- voltage discrete inputs is pictured below. Note that the types of
sensors wired to the discrete inputs can be mixed and connected to any of the inputs, except for shaft
encoders which must be wired to an adjacent pair of odd/even inputs as shown (adjacent pairs are
terminals 13/14, 15/16 and 17/18 on the Lassen controller).
13 14 15 16 17 18 19
TTL/CMOS
Shaft
Encoder
A
B
DI7
DI8
DI9
DI10
DI11
DI12
C
Low-voltage Discrete Input/Outputs
Low- voltage Discrete Input/Outputs are non-isolated digital inputs that accept a contact closure or a
low-voltage DC input level, combined with a solid-state FET output switch. Each I/O point is
independent and may be used as either a discrete input or a discrete output.
Each discrete input/output has its own built- in current source, so that only a simple contact closure is
required to generate an input signal, and outputs have a moderate ‗pull- up‘ to +5V for compatibility with
devices that require a ―TTL‖ or ―CMOS‖ logic signal. The inputs are fast and have programmable
filtering to eliminate noise and contact bounce. Associated with each input is a high-speed counter
(except in Lassen controllers, which instead have high-speed counters on their discrete inputs). Support
for quadrature encoders is also provided using pairs of these inputs. When used as outputs, a 3A F ET
transistor switches to ‗ground‘ when turned ON. The output is transient protected to drive inductive
loads. Unlike relay contacts, this output may be cycled rapidly and frequently without degrading its life,
and is therefore ideal for operating metering pumps and flashing indicators.
Pinnacle Series controllers have up to six Low- voltage Discrete Input/Outputs as follows:
Model (without I/O Expansion)
Number of Discrete Input/Outputs
Lassen
Everest
6
Rubicon
0
Shasta
2
4
Signal Types and Levels
A simple contact closure is all that is required as a sensor input signal, but the inputs are rated to accept
voltage levels of up to 30Vdc. A low-level (less than 1Vdc) or contact closure to ‗ground‘ is considered
an ON; a high level (greater than 2Vdc) is considered an OFF. Above 5Vdc, the input protection
circuitry ‗looks‘ like a 10K ohm load to the input source. The output section is a solid-state short-circuit
protected FET switch with transient protection.
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Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
+5V
+12/24V
<1mA
10K
Input Clamping
Digital Filtering
Discrete Input
1A max.
Field
Wiring
Discrete Output
10KHz 32-bit
Counter
Counter not applicable
in Lassen counters
(see Discrete Inputs)
Simplified Diagram of the Low-voltage Discrete Input/Outputs
Digital Input Filtering
The Pinnacle Series Low- voltage Discrete Input/Outputs have configurable digital filtering to tailor the
response of the input to counter the effects of noise and/or contact bounce. The filtering may be set to
time constants of 0, 1mS, 2mS, 4mS, 8mS, 16mS, or 32mS.
Pulse Totalization (Shasta/Everest controllers only)
In the Shasta and Everest controllers, the Low- voltage Discrete Input/Outputs have built- in counters that
count ON transitions, providing reliable fast pulse totalization that is not sensitive to program scan time.
The responsiveness of the counter may be tailored by adjusting the digital input filtering. The pulse
totalizers are 32-bit counters, meaning that the totalizers count up to 4,294,836,225 ON transitions
before they ―roll over‖ to zero again. The counters can be reset to zero at any time under program
control by writing a 0 to the registers that they are mapped to. Like any other registers, totalizer registers
can be declared as ―retentive‖ (nonvolatile) so that the accumulated values will be remembered through
a power failure. The built- in counting features can be used for very accurate flow and wattage
totalization.
Rate Calculation (Shasta/Everest controllers only)
In the Shasta and Everest controllers, the Low- voltage Discrete Input/Outputs provide incoming pulse
rate calculation based on a user settable ―Gate‖ (sampling) time. The sampling time is set in 1-second
increments in the I/O section of ScadaBuilder. Choosing a smaller gate time causes the rate value to be
updated more frequently. Choosing a longer gate time reduces the update rate but increases the
measurement resolution since more input pulses are sampled over the longer time period. The built- in
rate calculation feature is especially useful for monitoring flow rates from pulse output flow meters.
Quadrature
In the Shasta and Everest controllers, the Low- voltage Discrete Input/Outputs support quadrature output
shaft encoders. When enabled, an adjacent pair of inputs is used to keep track of the distance (number of
pulses) traveled in a 32-bit signed integer register mapped to the first input. A signed register mapped to
the second input shows a 1 or -1 to indicate the current direction of movement, or a 0 for no movement.
This feature is typically is used to keep track of the movement and position of vehicles, cranes and
robotic equipment.
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Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Low-voltage Discrete/Outputs Inputs Field Wiring
6
+
7
8
The typical wiring of contact closure type sensors and low-voltage DC control devices (such as relay
coils and annunciators) to the low- voltage discrete inputs/outputs is pictured below. Note that no current
source is required for input devices. Output devices must be powered from a DC source connected to the
common and one leg of each device, with polarity as shown.
C
(can be same as the
controller power supply)
5
DC Power Supply
Note: The 'C' common terminal
for the Discrete Inputs/Outputs
is internally connected to the
Controller DC Ground (-) .
Low Voltage Input Wiring
The Low- voltage Discrete Inputs/Outputs terminate from the field on a removable terminal block. The
location of these termination points for each Pinnacle controller model is pictured in Appendix A of this
manual.
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53
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Optically Isolated Discrete Inputs
Pinnacle Series Optically Isolated Discrete Inputs are used to monitor the state of switches, relays
contacts, motor starter auxiliary contacts and any other on/off type signals. The inputs are optically
isolated to avoid ground loop effects and support higher voltages (120/240Vac), and prevent damage
from transients and power surges on the input lines. Optically Isolated Discrete Inputs are used in Shasta
and Everest controllers.
Lassen
Everest
Number of Optically Isolated Discrete Inputs
0
20
Model (without I/O Expansion)
Rubicon
Shasta
20
16
Signal Types and Levels
The Pinnacle Series‘ Optically Isolated Discrete Inputs have a unique bipolar design that accepts both
AC and DC signals. The inputs are not sensitive to signal polarity, supporting DC sensors with either
―sinking‖ or ―sourcing‖ output configurations as well as switch contacts with AC or DC signals.
R
Field
Wiring
Discrete Input
C
Common
connection to
other inputs
Simplified Diagram of the Optically Isolated Discrete Inputs
The value of the input resistor ‗R‘ is typically 8700 ohms for 12/24 volt inputs, and 100,000 ohms for
120/240 volt inputs.
Optically Isolated Discrete Inputs have hysteresis in order to improve their noise rejection. The
hysteresis ensures that the voltage at which an input turns ON is higher that the voltage at which the
input will turn OFF. Once the input signal reaches the ON threshold, it must drop down below the OFF
threshold for the input to turn OFF. This feature combined with normal component tolerances defines
the difference between the OFF and ON thresholds in the table above.
The Optically Isolated Discrete Input circuitry of Pinnacle Series controllers is purposely designed to
respond to DC signals (that do not cross through 0 volts) faster than AC signals. This provides better
noise rejection in systems with 50/60Hz control power, but allows for a little faster response times in
equipment control applications that typically use faster sensors such as DC photo eyes and proximity
switches.
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Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Filtering Differences - Shasta versus Everest
The Optically Isolated Discrete Inputs of the Shasta and Everest controllers differ in the way that
filtering is handled. In the Shasta, the filtering is fixed at approximately 20mS to accommodate 50/60Hz
signals as well as DC inputs. In the Everest, the filtering is electronically switchable, 16mS for AC
signals and noisy DC signals, and less than 1mS for fast DC input signals. The later is required for some
machine control and similar applications.
12/24v versus 120/240v Operation
The Optically Isolated Discrete Inputs are designed to operate in 12 and 24 volt control systems, or
120V and 240V control systems depending on the model number ordered. The ON and OFF thresholds
and maximum input ratings are:
Model Type
12 / 24V
120V/240V
OFF Threshold
< 6 Vdc/Vac
< 50 Vdc/Vac
ON Threshold
> 9 Vdc/Vac
> 75 Vdc/Vac
Maximum Input
50 Vdc/Vac
300 Vdc/Vac
The input current at 12V on 12/24V models, or 120V on 120/240V models is approximately 1mA,
sufficient for contact ―wetting‖, but low enough for practical use in low-power applications, or
applications that require minimal temperature rise. At 24V on 12/24V mode ls, or 240V on 120/240V
models, the input current rises to about 2.25mA for each input.
Optically Isolated Discrete Inputs Field Wiring
The typical wiring of contact closure type devices to the Optically Isolated Discrete Inputs is pictured
below. Note that the inputs are passive and require an active voltage to be switched between input signal
connections and the common to complete the input circuits. The inputs are isolated from the rest of the
controller electronics. The inputs are not sensitive to po larity, so the power lead connected to the field
sensors can be either the negative or the positive side of a DC power source, or either side of an AC
power source.
C
Note: The 'C' common terminal for the
Optically Isolated Discrete Inputs is
electrically isolated from the rest of the
controller field I/O points and electronics.
AC or DC Power Supply
5
6
7
8
(can be same as the controller power supply)
The Optically Isolated Discrete Inputs terminate from the field on a removable terminal block. The
location of these termination points for each Pinnacle controller model is pictured in Appendix A of this
manual.
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55
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Discrete Relay Outputs
Pinnacle Series Discrete Relay Outputs are used to operate motor starters, soleno id valves, lights, and
annunciators; virtually any on/off type control device. The discrete outputs are ―dry‖ relay contacts rated
to switch up to 3A loads (refer to the load ratings in the specifications for ratings for specific types of
loads). These outputs can switch both low-voltage (12/24V) and high voltage (120V/240Vac); AC or
DC loads, regardless of the controller model. Discrete Relay Outputs are used in Rubicon, Shasta and
Everest controllers.
Model (without I/O Expansion)
Number of Discrete Relay Outputs
Lassen
0
Rubicon
10
Shasta
6
Everest
12
Fusing and Transient Protection
Overload and transient protection should be provided for all loads connected to the Relay Discrete
Outputs, depending on the outputs device types being controlled. No overload or transient protection is
provided within the controller. External protection should be included in the output circuits to protect
both the controller output contacts and the loads that they drive.
For overload protection, typically, large loads are fused individually, while smaller loads can share a
fused common line.
+
DC Power Supply
4
Band marks cathode
( "+" side )
Rectifier
CR
AC or DC
Power Supply
4
Both AC and DC loads can be protected by a snubber circuit (specially
designed series capacitor/resistor) across the load. Snubbers are not
polarity sensitive. An MOV (varistor) may be used in place of a snubber
in many applications.
C
1
2
3
DC loads can be protected effectively with a solid-state rectifier across
the load. Be careful to observe the polarity of the connections, otherwise
the rectifier will provide essentially a short circuit across the load,
potentially damaging the relay contacts and destroying the rectifier
itself.
C
In order to maximize relay contact life, inductive loads, no matter how large or small, should have
protection against transient spikes caused by inductive loads, such as relay coils and solenoid valves.
1
2
3
Snubber
56
CR
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Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Field Wiring
The Pinnacle Series controllers have six (Shasta), ten (Rubicon) or twelve (Everest) Relay Discrete
Outputs with ―Form A‖ (normally open) contacts, in their base configuration.
To simplify field wiring, the discrete outputs are grouped into sets of six outputs; each set with its own
pre-wired common (the Everest has two common terminals per group). Be careful to not exceed the 15A
rating of the common terminals.
C
The discrete outputs are passive ―dry‖ relay contacts that require an active supply voltage on one side of
the load, while the relay output from the controller switches the other side of the load to the opposite
supply leg. The relays may be used to switch AC or DC signals and power. The relays outputs are
generally used for ―pilot‖ duty; for example, the outputs must never be used to directly operate a motor,
but can be used to activate a motor starter that in turn, operates a motor.
Be sure to take into consideration the rating of the relay contacts when driving high inrush current
loads such as incandescent lamps.
AC or DC
Power Supply
Snubber
4
S
R
3
S
2
S
CR
S
1
CR
Relay Discrete Outputs Wiring
The Relay Discrete Outputs terminate from the field on a removable terminal block. The location of
these termination points for each Pinnacle controller model is pictured in Appendix A of this manual.
Discrete Output terminals may carry a load of up to 18A with the following de-ratings for voltages at the
terminal block:
Current
Range
Voltage
18A @
0 - 50 V
15A @
51 - 150 V
10A @
151 - 300 V
5A @
301 - 600 V
These current loads can be achieved when connecting high loads to Discrete Output Common terminals.
The maximum load on a DO common pin should not exceed the above specification. These
specifications are for DC resistive loads.
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57
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
High-speed Magnetic Pickup Pulse Inputs
Pinnacle Series controllers have built- in conditioning for magnetic pickup sensors, typically used with
low-cost flow meters. The signal levels from these types of sensors can vary from 10s of millivolts to
tens of volts depending on the speed at pickup pulses being sensed. Pinnacle Series controllers have the
conditioning electronic for these types of sensors built- in to eliminate the cost of an external signal
conditioning module. These inputs will also accept logic level (TTL/CMOS) and conditioned signals.
Model (without I/O Expansion)
Number of Mag Pickup Inputs
Lassen
Everest
1
Rubicon
Shasta
1
1
2
Signal Types and Levels
The High-speed Magnetic Pickup Pulse Inputs can process sensor signals ranging from about 50mV to
108V peak-to-peak. Automatic gain adjustment circuitry automatically adjusts to varying input levels,
using adaptive thresholding. Adaptive thresholding constantly adjusts the ―ON‖ threshold based on the
input amplitude, increasing noise rejection as the signal amplitude increases. The signal is considered to
be OFF when the input goes below 0 volts and must go back above the variable ON threshold to be
―ON‖ again.
Adaptive
Threshold
0V
Adaptive Threshold Example
Pulse Input Filtering
The Pinnacle Series High-speed Magnetic Pickup Pulse Inputs have configurable digital filtering to
tailor the response of the input to counter the effects of noise and/or contact bounce. The filtering may
be set to time constants of 0, 1mS, 2mS, 4mS, 8mS, 16mS, or 32mS.
Pulse Totalization (Shasta/Everest controllers only)
In Pinnacle Series controllers, the High-speed Magnetic Pickup Pulse Inputs have built- in counters that
count ON transitions, providing reliable fast pulse totalization that is not sensitive to program scan time.
The responsiveness of the counter may be tailored by adjusting the digital input filtering. The pulse
totalizers are 32-bit counters, meaning that the totalizers count up to 4,294,836,225 ON trans itions
before they ―roll over‖ to zero again. The counters can be reset to zero at any time under program
control by writing a 0 to the registers that they are mapped to. Like any other registers, totalizer registers
can be declared as ―retentive‖ (nonvolatile) so that the accumulated values will be remembered through
a power failure. The built- in counting features can be used for very accurate flow and wattage
totalization.
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Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Rate Calculation
In Pinnacle Series controllers, the High-speed Magnetic Pickup Pulse Inputs support incoming pulse rate
calculation based on a user settable ―Gate‖ (sampling) time. The sampling time is set in one second
increments in the I/O section of ScadaBuilder. Choosing a smaller gate time causes the rate value to be
updated more frequently. Choosing a longer gate time reduces the update rate but increases the
measurement resolution since more input pulses are sampled over the longer time period. The built- in
rate calculation feature is especially useful for monitoring flow rates from pulse output flow meters.
Field Wiring
The Pulse inputs are passive. The signal sources are self-powered and drive the inputs directly. A simple
2-wire connection per sensor is all that‘s required. Shielded cables, with the shield bonded at the
controller end (only), are recommended.
1
2
C
TTL
Sensor
Pulse Inputs
C
Magnetic Pickup
The High-speed Magnetic Pickup Pulse Inputs terminate from the field on a removable terminal block.
The location of these termination points for each Pinnacle controller model is pictured in Appendix A of
this manual.
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59
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Internal Analog Inputs
The Pinnacle Series controllers have three internal analog inputs used to monitor internal operating
voltages and temperature. Each of these can be read as an integer register value. ScadaBuilder
automatically sets up default tag names when a new node (controller) is created, but these can be
changed at any time. All voltages are in tenths of a volt (i.e. 254 = 25.4 volts). Temperature is in tenths
of a degree F (i.e. 282 = 28.2ºF)
Input_Voltage
This register represents the current external DC input voltage (power) to the controller. Since the
controller can operate on battery backup power, it is entirely possible for this value to read 0 and still be
functioning under battery power!
Battery_Voltage (UPS Option – Shasta or Everest)
This register represents the current backup battery voltage level, available when the UPS option is
installed (Shasta or Everest only). This is an actual battery voltage under a light load. The controller
periodically turns off the internal charging circuitry and measures the battery voltage with a load resistor
attached. A fully charged battery should read approximately 13.7Vdc.
Cold_Junct_Temp
This register represents the current temperature measured at the Universal Input terminals. Although this
is primarily used for cold junction compensation of thermocouple sensor readings, the temperature
generally represents the internal temperature of the controller. This sensor is purposely located away
from heat generating components, so there may be certain locations in the controller that run somewhat
warmer than the indicated temperature.
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Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Internal Discrete Inputs
Pinnacle Series controllers have three internal discrete inputs used to monitor incoming power, battery
power and sensor power status. All of these can be read as Boolean values by a logic program.
ScadaBuilder automatically sets up the default names shown below when a new node (controller) is
created, but these can be changed at any time.
Power_Fail (UPS Option Only)
This alarm bit is set whenever incoming power drops below 9.5 volts. The bit will remain set until the
incoming power rises above 10.0 volts or the controller is reset (full power cycle).
Battery_Low (UPS Option Only)
This alarm bit has slightly different setpoints depending on whether incoming power is present or if the
controller is running off of backup battery power.
When incoming power is present, this bit set whenever the backup battery voltage is less than 11.8 volts.
It is turned off when the battery charges up to at least 12.5 volts. This provides an indication of the
charging state of the backup battery.
When incoming power is NOT present (controller is running on backup battery power), this bit is set
when the battery voltage drops below 10.5 volts. This serves as a warning, since the power from the
battery will be automatically disconnected (controller shut off) when the battery voltage drops below 9.8
volts in order to avoid deep discharge damage to the battery. The alarm bit is reset when the battery rises
up to at least 12.0 volts or incoming power is restored above the thresholds described previously.
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61
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Communications Options
Pinnacle Series Option Numbers (factory installed)
79-4001
Pinnacle Series - 56K Dialup Telephone Voice Modem option (Lassen, Shasta, Everest only)
79-5101
Pinnacle Series - 900MHz Freewave Spread Spectrum Radio option (Lassen, Everest only)
79-5201
Pinnacle Series - 900MHz MDS Spread Spectrum Radio option (Lassen, Everest only)
79-5301
Pinnacle Series - 900MHz Digi Xtend Spread Spectrum Radio option (Lassen, Everest only)
Internal Telephone Modem Option
Most Pinnacle Series controllers can be ordered with an internal 56K baud dial-up telephone modem.
Typical applications are for systems that require simultaneous voice/alarm dialing and data access using
two phone lines. With the internal telephone modem option, the controller can dial out to annunciate an
alarm with synthesized voice (including ―real-time‖ process variables), send a message to a numeric or
alphanumeric pager, send a text message to a cell phone, or send an e- mail (with file attachments such as
data logs). The Pinnacle Series controller can also be configured to accept incoming calls for remote PC
or touchtone voice-prompted access to process variables, and to make password protected register and
I/O changes, as well as for remote program debugging and updates.
The internal Pinnacle Series telephone modem is functionally similar to the highspeed modems used in PC computers, except that the Pinnacle Series internal modem
has the following additional features:

Supports voice synthesis for alarm dialing

Supports touchtone tone recognition for remote dial-in and control

Operates over the full controller temperature rating (-40°C to +75°C).

Requires no additional panel space

Is an additional com port, freeing up an external RS-232/RS-485 port

Runs off of internal DC power from the controller, making it easy to provide long-lasting
uninterruptable battery backed operation on units where the UPS option is available.
The connector accepts a standard 6-pin modular telephone plug, of which only the center two pins are
used for the telephone line connection (standard telephone wiring configuration).
Your controller will denote the option is installed by the following tag located on the underside of the
controller.
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Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Internal Spread Spectrum Radio Option
Lassen and Everest controllers are available with internal Spread Spectrum
Radios, requiring no additional panel space other than antenna
connections.
Digi Xtend w/MMCX
This option provides a Digi Xtend 1 watt 900 MHz spread
spectrum radio with a miniature MMCX connector. This option
supports the use of a very flexible internal cable to a cabinet
bulkhead lightning arrestor. Digi Xtend radios support Point-toMultipoint as well as Peer-to-Peer and “Mesh” operation.
Freewave MM2
This option provides a Freewave MM2 1 watt 900 MHz spread spectrum radio with a miniature
MMCX connector. This option is compatible with all Freewave FGR and (older) DGR series radios.
Freewave radios support Point-to-multipoint operation and have enhanced diagnostic capabilities
that can be accessed simultaneous with normal I/O communications.
MDS TransNet EL806
This option provides a Microwave Data Systems (GE) 1 watt 900 MHz spread spectrum radio with
a miniature MMCX connector.
All three radio options fit inside the Lassen or Everest controllers. Ordering an internal radio option does
not change the controllers footprint.
Antenna and System Configuration Options
Depending on the distance and terrain between sites, there are multiple options for antenna connections
to internal radio in the controller:
Option 1 – Enclosure Mounted Antenna
If the distance between sites is moderate (less than a mile), then an enclosure mounted antenna may be
an option. We generally recommend a ―salt shaker‖ style transit antenna which is omni-directional with
3dB of gain. The antenna is typically installed in a hole in the top of the box and a short internal antenna
cable links the radio with the antenna. The antenna has a waterproof gasket. Generally, no lightning
arrestor is needed since the antenna is only slightly above the top of the enclosure. Part numbers
required for a :“salt shaker” antenna installation are:
98-6424 24" Internal Antenna Cable: MMCX to N-Male (Xtend Freewave MM2 or Xtend with MMCX)
98-3113 3dB OMNI "Salt Shaker" Transit Antenna, Type-N Female, 902 to 928 MHz
Option 2 – External Antenna
If the distance between sites is beyond the limits for the first option, then a full antenna system is
recommended. This includes:
An internal antenna cable
A lightning arrestor
An external antenna cable
A Yagi (directional) or Omni (omnidirectional) elevated antenna
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63
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
We also generally recommend a computer Radio Path Survey that uses GS coordinates of the radio sites
along with precision topographical map data to calculate the performance of the radio system, and
determine the required antenna elevations. Most commonly used components are:
Internal Antenna Cable Part Numbers
98-6424
24" Internal Antenna Cable: MMCX to N-Male (Xtend Freewave MM2 or Xtend with MMCX)
98-6524
24” Internal Antenna Cable: RPSMA-Female to N-Male (XTend)
Lightning Arrestor Part Number
98-8001
Lightning Arrestor, 900MHz, bulkhead mount, N-Female to N-Female
External Antenna Cable Part Numbers
98-4010
10ft. External Antenna Cable, LMR-400, N Male to N-Male connectors
98-4020
20ft. External Antenna Cable, LMR-400, N Male to N-Male connectors
98-4030
30ft. External Antenna Cable, LMR-400, N Male to N-Male connectors
98-4050
50ft. External Antenna Cable, LMR-400, N Male to N-Male connectors
98-4075
75ft. External Antenna Cable, LMR-400, N Male to N-Male connectors
98-4100
100ft. External Antenna Cable, LMR-400, N Male to N-Male connectors
External Antenna Part Numbers
98-2106
6dB YAGI Directional Antenna, Type-N Female, 896 to 940 MHz, w/mtg hardware
98-3106
6dB OMNI Fiberglass Antenna, Type-N Female, 896 to 940 MHz, w/mtg hardware
Spread spectrum radios tend to be less affected by outside interference and are more secure than
conventional radios because they are constantly changing operating frequency. If a spread spectrum
radio encounters interference at a particular frequency, it simply picks up where it left off after hopping
to the next frequency a few milliseconds later. The radios offer very high data reliability, utilizing a
unique 32-bit error detection and correction scheme to ensure that corrupted data is never passed to the
controller. This protection is above and beyond the protocol level error handling.
The radio embedded in Pinnacle Series can deliver up to one watt of RF power, the maximum allowed
by law in these frequency bands. This is a lower power than other types of radios operating at fixed
licensed frequencies, but these spread spectrum radios ca n have a range of up to 60 miles in an open
area. The radios have a built- in repeater function, so that each radio can serve as a repeater to relay the
messages of other radios located farther out as well as communicating the data from the controller.
There is no limit, other than transmission time, to the number of repeater hops used, so spread spectrum
radio networks can provide hundreds of miles of coverage.
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Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
The Pinnacle Series radios support real-time
on- line diagnostics that enable a single
Pinnacle Series controller to serve as a central
point to examine the status of any other radio
and radio link in the network while
communicating. The radios can be remotely
configured and can even have the microprocessor firmware updated from this Master
station. The remote diagnostics capability
provides immediate status information for any
segment of the radio network, including
repeater links. This data can include average
signal strength and noise levels, as well as
specific signal and noise levels for each of the
hopping frequencies. Additional information
such as antenna reflections (SWR), operating
temperature, and data error rates are available
to analyze the performance of each portion of
the radio network.
Radio Installation
The Pinnacle Series radio option uses a
female ―SMA‖ type antenna connector. The
antenna connector and the radio status lights
are located on upper side of the controller (see
below).
Typically, a short, lightweight cable (such as
RG-223 or LMR-200) connects between the
radio antenna connector and a lightning
arrestor in the panel. A lightning arrestor with
dedicated ground rod is required for any
outdoor installation. The lightning arrestor can
also serve as a bulkhead connector to pass
through the cabinet wall and transition to
heavier, lower-loss type exterior antenna
cables such as LMR-400 and LMR-600.
These cables then connect to Yagi
(directional) or Omni (Omni directional)
antennas. LMR-600 cable has lower loss for
longer runs. LMR-400 is cheaper and more
flexible, but less than 100ft. of cable can cut
the signal strength in half! Heliax has the
lowest loss, but is stiff and hard to work with.
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65
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Setting Up the Controller Application
In the ScadaWorks software, it is necessary to setup the controller to use the radio option. When this is
done, the radio port shows up as a Network Port configuration. Go to the Node | Settings menu to get to
the following dialog. Under Options, select one of the Radio options. Based on the controller, the
radio/modem options are slightly different. Make sure you choose the right one for your application:
Everest Application Radio Configuration
Lassen Application Radio Configuration
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Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Radio Device Configuration
All Radios are configured through serial port redirection from a serial port on the front panel of the
controller. One port is ―hijacked‖ temporarily to accomplish radio configuration to each of the radios.
From there, a null modem cable is used to connect the configuring PC to the radio itself through the
redirected serial port.
Serial Port Redirection by
Model:
Everest
Com 3
Lassen
Com 5
You will need a null modem adaptor to communicate from your PC to the controller‘s redirected radio
diagnostic port. This is the same cable you would use to communicate directly to one of the controller‘s
serial ports. Please see the ―RS-232 DTE Cable typical wiring (RJ-45 to DB-9S)‖ section of this
manual for connection details. You can also purchase null modem adapters from ICL with the following
part numbers:
RJ-45 to DB9 adapt er plug
RS-232 DTE Cables
99-2100
RJ-45 Serial Cable Assembly, 1ft.
99-2101
RJ-45 Serial Cable Assembly, 2ft.
99-2102
RJ-45 Serial Cable Assembly, 3ft.
99-2103
RJ-45 Serial Cable Assembly, 5ft.
99-2105
RJ-45 Serial Cable Assembly, 7ft.
99-2107
RJ-45 Serial Cable Assembly, 10ft.
99-2110
Radio Diagnostic Port Redirection and Configuration.
Select the application target you are configuring in ScadaBuilder. You will need to connect to your
controller via TCP/IP (Ethernet) to tell it to go into diagnostic/configuration mode.
Note: You must have the original application that is on the controller. The application is responsible for
security. Otherwise, you will need a serial port (null modem) to talk to com1 to redirect the radio
diagnostic / configuration port.
Digi (MaxStream) Xtend Radio Configuration
Your controller will denote the option is installed by the following tag located on the under side of the
controller.
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Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
To enter configuration mode on the radio, in ScadaBuilder click on the Target | Radio | Digi/MaxStream
| Enable Diagnostics.
Wait for the dialog to finish. This may take a minute depending on your radio‘s baud rate. Once the
dialog has confirmed you are connected, connect your PC‘s Comport via a serial null modem cable to
the proper port (see the start of this section).
The Digi Radio uses either AT commands entered from the serial terminal in ScadaBuilder or the XC TU
utility (available from the Digi or ICL web site). The web address for ICL is
ftp://www.iclinks.com/TechSupport/DigiXTend/XCTU.ZIP.
Unzip and run the installer. After installing, bring up the XCTU software. Configure the
Communications Port to match your PC‘s Comport.
115,200 baud, no parity, 8 data bits and NO flow control
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Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Press the Test / Query button to check
communications to the radio. The response
dialog should look like this:
Click OK and click on the Modem
Configuration tab make sure that the
―Always update firmware‖ checkbox is
not checked. Click on the Read
button.
You should get a parameter list like this:
The typical parameters to change are:
Hopping Channel (HP)—Must match
on all radios in the system.
Multi Transmit (MT)—Radio blind
retries increase the chance of successful
communications at reduced throughput.
Serial Inte rfacing Baudrate (BD)—The
radio port side baudrate which must
match the baudrate of the Network Port
in the Pinnacle application.
Parameter Value BAUD (bps)
Configuration
0
1200
1
2400
2
4800
3
9600
4
19200
5
38400
6
57600
7
115200
8
230400
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69
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Radio Inte rfacing Baudrate (BR)—Radio broadcast side baudrate which must match the baudrate of
all other radios in the system.
9600 baud gives 10dB more sensitivity but increases the chance of collisions in peer-to-peer and
competing spread spectrum environments. 115200 has less sensitivity but decreases the chance of
collisions.
Parameter Value
BAUD (bps) Configuration
0
9600
1
115200
For further configuration information on the Digi Xtend, please see the following link:
ftp://www.iclinks.com/TechSupport/DigiXTend/DigiXtendRadioManual.pdf
Freewave FGR Configuration
Your controller will denote this option is installed by the following tag located on the underside of the
controller.
Enable the radio diagnostics (redirect the diagnostics port).
Open the ScadaBuilder Terminal by clicking the
in the ScadaBuilder Workbench. Set the comport
to 19200, 8 Data bits, None Parity and 1 Stop bits and select the comport on the PC you are using to talk
to the radio through the redirection port on the controller.
Click in the working area of the terminal
70
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Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
The configuration menus in the radio are accessed by typing ―Shift U‖ (be sure that ―Caps Lock‖ is
OFF, then while holding down the Shift key, press the U key). You should see the menu pictured below.
Pressing the Escape key several times will cause the radio to return to normal operation.
Radio Configuration - MAIN MENU
When the radio has been placed into configuration mode then the Main Menu screen will be displayed:
Radio Configuration - SET OPERATION MODE
The ―Set Operation Mode‖ screen is selected by pressing ―0‖ at the Main Menu. In this screen, the
radios basic operating mode is chosen. The screen is depicted below:
The current operating mode for the radio is always shown at the top of this screen just under the title
header.
Of the 9 available operating modes, only three of the modes—Point to Multipoint—are typically used
with the Pinnacle Series controllers.
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Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Point to Multipoint Master
In this mode, there must be one, and only one Master radio in a system. All of the other radios in the
network will operate as slaves to the Master. Designate one radio as the Master using selection #2.
Point to Multipoint Slave
After a single radio has been designated as the Master, the remaining radios in the network must be set
as ―Slaves‖ using selection #3 in the menu.
Point to Multipoint Slave/Repeater
To reach outlying areas in the network, the Slave radios can act as repeaters. Slave radios that will also
act as repeaters are configured using selection #7 (Point to MultiPoint Repeater) in the menu. Be sure to
also enable Slave/Repeater operation in Menu #5.
Return to the Main Menu
Once a radios mode has been set, press the ESC (escape key to get back to the Main Menu (only press
once, or else you will end up out of diagnostic mode and will need to do the SHIFT-U operation again.
Radio Configuration - SET BAUD RATE
The ―Set Baud Rate‖ screen is selected by pressing ―1‖ at the Main Menu. In this screen, the radios
basic serial communication parameters are chosen. The screen is depicted below:
The current communications speed (baud rate) setting for the radio is always shown at the top of this
screen, just under the title header. The baud rate can be set to any one of ten standard speeds by simply
typing a 0 through 9 corresponding to baud rates of 1,200 baud to 230,400. Any of these speeds may be
used with the Pinnacle Series controller. The speed selected MUST match the port speed selected using
the ScadaBuilder configuration software as defined in the ―Radio‖ Network Port in the controller‘s
application.
72
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Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Parity
The radio supports the standard ―Odd, Even or None‖ parity selections. For most applications including
those using Modbus, 0 or ―None‖ should be used.
Modbus RTU
This parameter should normally be set to ―1‖ (enabled), forcing the rad io to keep the integrity of a single
message as one packet instead of using multiple packets which does not meet Modbus standard timing
requirements.
Setup Port
Set this parameter to 3. This enables both radio ports for configuration. This should be set by the factory
already.
Radio Configuration - EDIT RADIO PARAMETERS
The ―Edit Radio Transmission Characteristics‖ screen is selected by pressing ―3‖ at the Main Menu. The
screen, with typical settings for a Pinnacle Series based SCADA system, is depicted below:
The parameters in this menu are geared towards handling special circumstances and should normally be
left as shipped from the factory. One item though; ―Remote LEDs‖, must be turned on in order to enable
the status LEDs located between the COM1 connector and the address switches. Be sure this parameter
is set to a 1.
Most of the other parameters in this screen are used to optimize the radios operation in the event of
problems in the field. They improve the operation of the radio in close proximity with other radio
networks, in high (radio) noise environments, or to optimize the operation of the radio for certain mixes
of data or types of protocols. In general, the radios are plug-and-play and these parameters are best left
at the factory settings unless a technical support person recommends changing them. Typically, your
radio setup should match the screen pictured above.
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73
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Radio Configuration - SHOW RADIO STATISTICS
The ―Show Radio Statistics‖ screen is selected by pressing ―4‖ at the Main Menu. The screen is depicted
below:
The radio statistics screen shows an accumulated history of information regarding the performance of
the radio and the quality of the radio link. Unlike the ―real-time‖ updated information available at the
Master, this information is a snapshot that can only be viewed while not operating, but it does provide a
local tool to analyze the performance of a radio link.
Master-Slave Distance (m)
This value in meters is valid for distances over 1 Km (0.6 miles)
Radio Temperature
Should be 75 (°C) or less.
Average Noise and Signal Levels
These values are an average across all frequencies. Detailed information by frequency is available by
displaying the Frequency Table accessed from this screen (see lower prompt line). Ideally, the noise
level should be below ―30‖ and the signal level should be at least ―15‖ more than the noise. Note that
this is NOT in dB, but arbitrary units to provide a relative signal strength and noise measurement.
Overall Rcv Rate (%)
This value provides an indication of the quality of the radio link and the impact on data throughput. A
good quality link will have an Overall Receive Rate of 75% or better. The radio will not pass erroneous
data, but a lower Overall Receive Rate indicates that data throughput might be affected at higher data
rates, such as 115,200 baud.
Radio Configuration - EDIT MULTIPOINT PARAMETERS
The ―Editing MultiPoint Parameters‖ screen is selected by pressing ―5‖ at the Main Menu. The screen,
with typical settings for the Pinnacle Series, is depicted below:
74
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Number of Repeaters
Repeaters extend the range of a radio network at the expense of speed. Any radio can also serve as a
repeater. Set this parameter to 1 if you are using ANY repeaters. All radios in the network must have the
same setting.
Master Packet Repeat
With a high quality link, set to 0 or 1 for maximum throughput. With a poor quality link, a higher
number will improve getting individual messages though at the expense of speed and throughput. For
Modbus networks, this value must be set to 3.
Network ID
This parameter helps avoid conflicts with other radio networks. All radios in the network should be set
to the same ID value. Other networks must use a different value. Set this to any value below 4095,
except the default (255).
Slave/Repeater
Set to 1 if this radio is a repeater as well as a node on the network. Be sure to set the Modem Mode
(Menu #2) to (7) Multipoint Repeater also.
Diagnostics
Set to 1 for this radio to provide diagnostic data back to the Master.
The Freewave FGR manual can offer detailed configuration. It can be downloaded from:
ftp://www.iclinks.com/TechSupport/Freewave /FreewaveFGR.pdf
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75
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
MDS TransNet EL806
Your controller will denote the option is installed by the following tag located on the underside of the
controller.
To enable radio diagnostics (redirect the diagnostics port):
Open the ScadaBuilder Terminal by clicking the
. Set the comport to 9600,8 Data bits, none parity
and 1 stop bits and select the comport on the PC you are using to talk to the radio through the redirection
port on the controller.
Click in the working area of the terminal. Hit the Enter key three times. You should see a small prompt
cursor:
To enter new parameters, just type in one of the following typical commands and its parameter(s) and
press enter. You should see the words PROGRAMMED OK back from the radio. If the command is
invalid, you will see the words UNKNOWN COMMAND.
76
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
BAUD [xxxxx ABC]—Port baudrate, databits, parity and stopbits must match Radio Network Port
configuration in ScadaBuilder application.
Baudrates
300
600
1200
1800
2400
4800
9600
19200
38400
57600
115200
A (Databits)
8
7
B (Parity)
N=None
O=Odd
E=Even
C (Stopbits)
1
2
Addr (X)—X = network identification for all radios that this unit will communicate with. The value can
be 1 to 65535. The factory default is 10.
Mode (Y)—M = Master, R = Remove, and X = Repeater. The factory default for Pinnacle controllers is
R (Remote).
If MODE X is used, the MODE X radio should be programmed with an Extended Address (XADDR).
Units that need to hear this MODE X radio must be programmed with an appropriate XPRI and/or
XMAP value.
To examine any configuration parameter, simple type it with no values following the keyword and hit
enter.
For further information on configuring MDS Transnet EL806, please refer to the following guide
available on the ICL website:
ftp://www.iclinks.com/TechSupport/Transnet/MDSTransNetConfigurationManual.pdf
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77
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Specifications
CPU & Memory
Processors
Main CPU
32-bit x86 Microcontroller, 300MHz clock, integrated watchdog timer.
I/O & LCD HMI
Clock speed software programmable from 38MHz to 300MHz for power management
Qty 2, 8-bit RISC co-processor, 20MHz, each with integrated watchdog timers
Memory
128MB RAM (DDR2)
8KB FRAM non-volatile memory: retained variables & counters (2000 32-bit registers)
4MB Flash Disk Std. (expandable to 8GB internally, 2TB externally)
Datalog Capacity
Standard
3MB (1.5 million words) standard
Expansion Option
up to 2TB (2,000GB max.) with internal IDE disk option or USB flash disk.
I/O (Base configuration not including I/O expansion)
Universal Inputs (UI)
Resolution
16-bit
Averaging
“boxcar” averaging - up to 32 samples per channel, individually user configurable
Measurement modes
0 to 20mA
+/- 0 to 250mV
0 to 2V
+/- 10V (w/optional interface module)
Resistance: 0 to 65535 ohms
Thermistor (10K, Type II or III)
Thermocouple (type J, K, T, E, R, S, B, N)
RTD (10ohm-Cu, 100 & 1K ohm-P t, 2-wire & 3-wire – 3-wire RTDs require two inputs each)
Contact closure
Accuracy
FS = Full Scale
20mA, V:
+/- 0.01% FS at 25oC (77oF), +/- 0.02% FS over full ambient temp
Ohms:
<= 10K ohms: +/- 0.1% FS over full ambient temp
> 10K ohms: +/- 0.5% FS over full ambient temp
Thermistor
+/- 2oC at 25oC (77oF), +/- 5oC over full ambient temp
TC
+/- 2oC at 25oC (77oF), +/- 5oC over full ambient temp
RTD (3-wire) +/- 1oC at 25oC (77oF), +/- 2oC over full ambient temp
Contact Closure
Thresholds
ON: <1.0Vdc, OFF: >1.5Vdc (wetting current is 0.5mA)
Quantity
Speed (samples/sec.)
Lassen
2
15
Rubicon
4
2,500
Shasta
8
2,500
Everest
8
2,500
Analog Inputs
Resolution
Speed
Quantity
Measurement Mode
78
(available in Shasta and Everest, when UPS option is not installed)
10-bit
2 samples per second
Lassen
Rubicon
Shasta
Everest
1
0
1
1
0 to 20mA
None0 to 32Vdc
0 to 32Vdc
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Analog Outputs
Output Type, Resolution
Accuracy
Maximum Load
Quantity:
0 to 20mA, 12-bit
+/- 0.1% FS at 25oC (77oF), +/- 0.2% FS over full ambient temperature range
1,000 ohms
Lassen
Rubicon
Shasta
Everest
2
2
2
4
Discrete Input/Outputs
Quantity:
Each point is configurable as Low Voltage DC or contact closure input, or Low Voltage DC Output.
Lassen
Rubicon
Shasta
Everest
6
0
2
4
Voltage Range (Input or Output)
Input Type
Input Thresholds
Input Wetting Current
Output Type
Output ON Resistance/Voltage
Switching Current
Discrete Inputs
Quantity:
Input Type
Input Current
Response Time:
Discrete Outputs
24Vdc
Contact Closure/TTL/CMOS
ON: <1.5Vdc, OFF: > 2.0 Vdc
0.5mA, 5Vdc
Protected FET (thermal, over-voltage and over-current protected)
< 0.25 ohms / 0.25Vdc @ 1A, 0.75Vdc @ 3A
1A max.
Lassen
6
Rubicon
20
12/24Vdc/Vac
120/ 240Vdc/Vac (opt)
12/24Vdc/Vac
120/240Vdc/Vac (opt)
0.5mA /5Vdc
[email protected] (120Vac)
[email protected] (120Vac)
<0.1mS
10mS
<0. 1mS/10mS
Normally Open (Form A) bifurcated relay contact
Rated current
Up to 3A continuous for resistive loads
Rated voltage
Up to 240VAC (277VAC maximum switching voltage)
Braaking Capacity
750VA maximum
Minimum contact load
5V / 1mA
High-Speed Counters
Lassen
0 (see DIO)
Rubicon
10
Shasta
6
Input Levels
Magnetic/ Turbine Pickup inputs (w/internal amplifier): 20mV to 50V ac/dc
Standard inputs: Contact closure or 0 to 30vdc (3Vdc minimum high level)
Speed
Quadrature Encoder
10KHz max.
Supported by Standard Inputs, 2 inputs per encoder.
Lassen
Magnetic/ Turbine:
Standard (non-PI):
Everest
20
0 to 30Vdc
Contact Closure
Type
Quantity
Shasta
16
1
6
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Rubicon
1
20
Shasta
1
2
12/24Vdc/Vac
120/ 240Vdc/Vac (opt)
1.2mA @12Vac (120Vac)
<0.1mS/10mS
Everest
12
Everest
2
4
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Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Communications, Networking & HMI
Serial Ports
Number of serial ports
Up to 5, external and internal
Lassen
Rubicon
Total external serial ports
3
3
RS-232 ports
2
2
RS-232/RS-485 ports
0
0
RS-485 ports
1
1
Total internal serial ports
2
0
Telephone/voice modem option
Yes
No
900Mhz Spread Spectrum radio option
Yes
No
Serial port configuration by model:
COM1
RS-232
RS-232
COM2
RS-485
RS-485
COM3
Radio Opt.
RS-232
COM4
Modem Opt.
Modem Opt.
COM5
RS-232
N/A
Protocols:
Ethernet
Quantity
Type
Protocols:
USB
USB version
Port Types
Speed
Number of USB ports
Shasta
3
2
0
1
1
Yes
No
Everest
5
4
1
0
2
Yes
Yes
RS-232
RS-485
RS-232
Modem Opt.
RS-232
RS-232
RS-232/RS-485
RS-232 or Radio Opt.
RS-232 or Modem Opt.
N/A
Modbus RTU/ASCII, DF1 DNP3, TAP (pager), NMEA (GPS), PPP, SDX
1
10/100BaseT, Auto MDX
Modbus TCP/UDP, DNP3, FTP, HTTP, IP, ARP, UDP, ICMP, TELNET, ISaGRAF ETCP
2.0
Type “A” (USB Host)
Standard -1. 5Mb/s
Full-speed -12Mb/s
Lassen
Rubicon
2
2
Shasta
2
Everest
4
Local HMI
Display
User Input:
122x32 Graphic LCD w/LED backlight(4 lines x 20 characters max. in small font character mode)
5 Axis navigation Switch plus “Escape” pushbutton switch
Options
IDE Flash Disk option
Type
Capacity
Data Rates (sustained)
ATA compatible, 44-pin
128MB to 8GB
Read: 7MB/sec, Write: 1.6MB/sec.
UPS option
External Battery
Charge Current
Auxiliary Output Power
80
(Shasta & Everest only)
12V lead-acid Gel-Cel battery, 3 to 18 AH (customer supplied)
1A charge current max.
Up to 3A battery backed power to external equipment in addition to controller
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Telephone Modem option
Type
Certifications
Power
Internal Radio option
Type
Operating Frequency
RF Power (maximum)
Data Rate (maximum)
Radio Brands
56K baud, Hayes AT compatible w/voice extensions
V.44, V.42bis & MNP5 data compression, V.42LAPM & MNP 2-4 Error Correction
FCC68, CS-03 & CTR21 certified
Adds 0.25W @ 12Vdc input power
(Lassen & Everest only)
Spread Spectrum, frequency hopping,
902MHz to 928MHz
1Watt
115K baud
Freewave
Sensitivity: -108dBm (BER 10-6), 32-bit CRC, point to multipoint, net diags, FGR-115 compatible
Adds 0.2W @ 12Vdc input power
MDS (Microwave Data Systems)
Sensitivity: -108dBm (BER 10-6), 16-bit CRC, point to multipoint, net diags, Transnet compatible
Adds 2.5W @ 12Vdc input power
Digi/Maxstream
Sensitivity: -110dBm @9600 baud, -100dBm @115K baud, point to multipoint & peer to peer, DigiMesh
Adds 1.2W @ 12Vdc input power
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
81
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
General
Terminal Blocks
Removable, 5.02mm (0. 2”), 12 to 22AWG, 15A/contact maximum
Mounting
Panel or 35mm. DIN rail
Environment
- 40oF(- 40oC) to 158oF (70 oC), 5% RH to 95% RH, non-condensing
Power
10 to 30Vdc
Consumption (@12V)
0.75W @ 38MHz, 2.5W @ 300MHz (base cfg, no options, all relays OFF, AO power disabled)
Add 0.25W when the LCD backlight (internal HMI) is ON
Add 0.1W per Discrete Output Relay turned ON (Shasta, Rubicon and Everest only)
Add 0.1W (Analog Output Power enabled) + 0.6W per Analog Output @ 20mA out
See specifications for telephone modem and radio options for individual power adders
Warranty
3 years, factory parts and labor
Dimensions
Lassen/Rubicon
6.2”W x 3.0”H x 6.2”D
Shasta
Everest
7.1”W x 5.0”H x 6.2”D
9.6”W x 5.0”H x 6.2”D
Lassen/Rubicon
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
3.0"
6.2"
Shasta
6.2"
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
I/O Expansion Slot #1
5.0"
I/O Expansion Slot #2
6.2"
Everest
7.1"
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
I/O Expansion Slot #1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
5.0"
I/O Expansion Slot #2
6.2"
82
9.6"
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Appendix A Controller and I/O Option Pin Outs
Lassen
Internal
Tel
Modem
Option
(COM-4)
Internal
Spread
Spectrum
Radio
Option
(COM-3)
COM-1
RS-232
(RJ45)
1
2
3
COM-5
RS-232
(RJ45)
4
5
6
7
10/100
Ethernet
(RJ45)
8
9
USB-1
USB-2
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
Gnd
+Vin
COM2 RS485COM2 RS485+
Gnd
PI-1
DI-12
DI-11
DI-10
DI-9
DI-8
DI-7
DIO-6
DIO-5
DIO-4
DIO-3
DIO-2
DIO-1
AO-2
AO-1
AI-1
Gnd
UI-2
UI-1
I/O terminal and connector locations
UI1 – UI2:
Universal Inputs - 20mA, 2V (5V/10V with divider), Ohms, +/- mV, TC, thermistor, Contact Closure
AI1:
Analog Input – 20mA
AO1, AO2:
Analog Outputs (0-20mA)
DIO1 - DIO6:
Low Voltage Discrete Inputs/Outputs (Contact Closure or 0 to 30Vdc IN, 0 to 30Vdc, 3A max OUT)
DI7 – DI12:
Low Voltage Discrete Inputs, High-speed counter inputs (Contact Closure or 0 to 30Vdc IN)
PI1:
Pulse Input. Internally conditioned for magnetic pickup/turbine meter.
+Vin:
Input Power, 10 to 30Vdc
COM1:
RS-232 port (RJ-45)
COM2:
RS-485 (on lower right terminal block)
COM3:
Internal Spread Spectrum Radio option (COM5 can be temporarily used as diagnostic port for
radio).
COM4:
Internal Telephone Modem option
COM5:
RS-232 port (RJ-45) (COM5 RJ-45 can be temporarily set as diagnostic port for internal radio).
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
83
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
USB1, USB2:
Type A USB 2.0 ports
9
DI-12
DI-11
DI-10
DI-9
DI-16
DI-15
DI-14
DI-13
DO-7
DO-6
DO-5
DO-4
DO-3
DO-2
DO-1
DI-C2
DI-20
DI-19
DI-18
DI-17
DO-9
DO-8
DO-10
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
8
9
7
8
6
7
5
6
4
5
3
4
2
10/100
Ethernet
(RJ45)
3
1
COM-3
RS-232
(RJ45)
2
COM-1
RS-232
(RJ45)
1
DO-C
Rubicon
USB-1
USB-2
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
Earth Ground
Power Ground
+Vin
COM2 RS485COM2 RS485+
Gnd
AO-2
AO-1
PI-1
Gnd
UI-4
UI-3
Gnd
UI-2
UI-1
DI-C1
DI-8
DI-7
DI-6
DI-5
DI-4
DI-3
DI-2
DI-1
I/O terminal and connector locations
UI1 – UI4:
Universal Inputs - 20mA, 2V (5V/10V with divider), Ohms, +/- mV, TC, thermistor, Contact Closure
AO1, AO2:
Analog Outputs (0-20mA)
DI1 – DI20:
Low Voltage Discrete Inputs, High-speed counter inputs (Contact Closure or 0 to 30Vdc IN)
DO1 – DO10:
Relay Discrete Outputs.
PI1:
Pulse Input. Internally conditioned for magnetic pickup/turbine meter.
+Vin:
Input Power, 10 to 30Vdc
COM1:
RS-232 port (RJ-45)
COM2:
RS-485 (on lower right terminal block)
COM3:
Internal Spread Spectrum Radio option (COM5 can be temporarily used as diagnostic port for
radio).
84
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
USB1, USB2:
Type A USB 2.0 ports
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
85
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
DO-3
DICOM
DI-18
DI-17
DI-16
DI-15
DI-14
DI-13
DI-12
DI-11
DI-10
DI-9
DI-8
DI-7
DI-6
DI-5
DI-4
DI-3
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
9
DOCOM
DO-8
DO-7
DO-6
DO-5
DO-4
Shasta
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
Internal
Tel
Modem
Option
(COM-4)
COM-1
RS-232
(RJ45)
1
2
3
4
COM-3
RS-232
(RJ45)
10/100
Ethernet
(RJ45)
USB-1
USB-2
5
6
7
8
9
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Safety Gnd
Gnd
+Vin
+Vout
Gnd
+Bat / AI-1
COM2 RS485COM2 RS485+
Gnd
PI-1
Gnd
DIO-2
DIO-1
Gnd
AO-2
AO-1
Gnd
UI-8
UI-7
Gnd
UI-6
UI-5
Gnd
UI-4
UI-3
Gnd
UI-2
UI-1
I/O terminal and connector locations
UI1 - UI8:
Universal Inputs - 20mA, 2V (5V/10V with divider), Ohms, +/- mV, TC, thermistor, Contact Closure
AO1, AO2:
Analog Outputs (0-20mA)
DIO1, DIO2:
Low Voltage Discrete Inputs/Outputs (Contact Closure or 0 to 30Vdc IN, 0 to 30Vdc , 3A max OUT)
PI1:
Pulse Input. Internally conditioned for magnetic pickup/turbine meter.
DI3 - DI18:
Optically Isolated Discrete Inputs. Order as 12/24Vac/Vdc or as 120/240Vac/Vdc
DO3 - DO8:
Relay Discrete Outputs.
+Bat/AI1:
Connect to 12Vdc SLA battery for UPS option. If no UPS option, available as 0 to 32Vdc AI.
+Vout:
With UPS option installed, provides battery backed 12Vdc power to external devices (3A
maximum)
+Vin:
Input Power, 10 to 30Vdc
Safety Gnd:
Frame (Safety) Ground. Connect to quality panel/earth ground.
COM1:
RS-232 port (RJ-45)
COM2:
RS-485 (on lower right terminal block)
86
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
COM3:
RS-232 port (RJ-45)
COM4:
Internal Telephone Modem option
USB1, USB2:
Type A USB 2.0 ports
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
87
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
6
7
8
9
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
1
1
1
2
3
DICOM
DICOM
DI-18
DI-17
DI-16
DI-15
DI-14
DI-13
DI-12
DI-11
DI-10
DI-9
DI-8
DI-7
DI-6
DI-5
DO-11
DO-10
5
2
DO-6
DO-5
DO-12
10 11 12
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
4
1
DOCOM
DO-9
DO-8
DO-7
DOCOM
DO-14
DO-13
Shasta Combo I/O Expansion Bd.
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Gnd
DIO-4
DIO-3
DIO-2
DIO-1
Gnd
AO-4
AO-3
AO-2
AO-1
+VA
Gnd
AI-4
AI-3
AI-2
AI-1
Gnd
UI-8
UI-7
Gnd
UI-6
UI-5
Gnd
UI-4
UI-3
Gnd
UI-2
UI-1
I/O terminal and connector locations
UI1 - UI8:
Universal Inputs - 20mA, 2V (5V/10V with divider), Ohms, +/- mV, TC, thermistor, Contact Closure
AI1 – AI4:
Analog Inputs - 20mA (Namur compatible)
+VA:
Unregulated +8Vdc nominal (+/- 2Vdc) – 25mA max (Namur compatible)
AO1 – AO4:
Analog Outputs (0-20mA)
DIO1 – DIO4:
Low Voltage Discrete Inputs/Outputs (Contact Closure or 0 to 30Vdc IN, 0 to 30Vdc, 3A max OUT),
High-speed (10KHz) Counters
DI5 - DI18:
Optically Isolated Discrete Inputs. Order as 12/24Vac/Vdc or as 120/240Vac/Vdc
DO5 – DO14:
Relay Discrete Outputs.
88
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
DICOM-B
DICOM-B
DI-32
DI-31
DI-30
DI-29
DI-28
DI-27
DI-26
DI-25
DI-24
DI-23
DI-22
DI-21
DI-20
DI-19
DI-18
DI-17
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
DOCOM-C
DO-12
DO-11
DO-10
DO-9
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
9
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1
9
8
8
7
7
6
6
5
5
4
4
3
3
2
2
1
1
DOCOM-D
DO-16
DO-15
DO-14
DO-13
Shasta Discrete I/O Expansion Bd.
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
DOCOM-B
DO-8
DO-7
DO-6
DO-5
DOCOM-A
DO-4
DO-3
DO-2
DO-1
DICOM-A
DICOM-A
DI-16
DI-15
DI-14
DI-13
DI-12
DI-11
DI-10
DI-9
DI-8
DI-7
DI-6
DI-5
DI-4
DI-3
DI-2
DI-1
I/O terminal and connector locations
DI1 – DI32:
Optically Isolated Discrete Inputs. Order as 12/24Vac/Vdc or as 120/240Vac/Vdc
DO1 – DO16:
Relay Discrete Outputs.
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
89
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
9
DI-5
DI-6
DI-7
DI-8
DI-9
DI-10
DI-11
DI-14
DI-15
DI-16
DI-17
DI-18
DI-20
DI-19
DI-21
DI-22
DI-23
DI-COM
DI-24
DI-COM
DO-7
DO-10
9
8
7
DO-12
DO-COMA
6
DO-13
5
4
3
DO-14
2
1
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22
DO-15
DI-13
8
DO-16
DI-12
7
DO-5
6
DO-6
5
DO-8
4
DO-9
3
DO-COMA
2
DO-11
1
DO-COMB
DO-COMB
Everest
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Internal
Tel
Modem
Option
(COM-4)
COM-1
RS-232
(RJ45)
COM-2
RS-232
(RJ45)
COM-3
RS-232
(RJ45)
COM-4
RS-232
(RJ45)
Internal
Spread
Spectrum
Radio
Option
(COM-3)
USB-3
USB-4
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
COM2 RS485-
+Bat / AI-1
Gnd
+Vout
+Vin
Gnd
Safety Gnd
Gnd
PI-2
PI-1
DIO-4
DIO-3
DIO-2
DIO-1
Gnd
AO-4
AO-3
AO-2
I/O terminal and connector locations
1
COM2 RS485+
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
AO-1
9
Gnd
UI-3
8
UI-8
Gnd
7
UI-7
UI-2
6
Gnd
UI-1
5
UI-6
4
USB-2
UI-5
3
USB-1
Gnd
2
10/100
Ethernet
(RJ45)
UI-4
1
COM-5
RS-232
(RJ45)
UI1 - UI8:
Universal Inputs - 20mA, 2V (5V/10V with divider), Ohms, +/- mV, TC, thermistor, Contact Closure
AO1 – AO4:
Analog Outputs (0-20mA)
DIO1 – DIO4:
Low Voltage Discrete Inputs/Outputs (Contact Closure or 0 to 30Vdc IN, 0 to 30Vdc, 3A max OUT)
PI1 – PI2:
Pulse Inputs. Internally conditioned for magnetic pickup/turbine meter.
DI5 – DI24:
Optically Isolated Discrete Inputs. Order as 12/24Vac/Vdc or as 120/240Vac/Vdc
DO5 – DO16:
Relay Discrete Outputs.
+Bat/AI1:
Connect to 12Vdc SLA battery for UPS option. If no UPS option, available as 0 to 32Vdc AI.
+Vout:
With UPS option installed, provides battery backed 12Vdc power to external devices (3A maximum)
+Vin:
Input Power, 10 to 30Vdc
Safety Gnd:
Frame (Safety) Ground. Connect to quality panel/earth ground.
COM1:
RS-232 port (RJ-45)
COM2:
RS-232 port (RJ-45) or RS-485 (on lower right terminal block)
COM3:
RS-232 port (RJ-45) or Internal Spread Spectrum Radio option (RJ-45 can be radio diagnostic port).
90
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
COM4:
RS-232 port (RJ-45) or Internal Telephone Modem option
COM5:
RS-232 port (RJ-45) (Can be temporarily set as diagnostic port for internal Freewave or MDS radios)
USB1 - USB4:
Type A USB 2.0 ports
DI-16
DI-15
DI-14
DI-13
DI-12
DI-11
DI-10
DI-9
DI-8
DI-7
DI-6
DI-5
DI-4
DI-3
DI-2
DI-1
DI-21
DI-20
DI-19
DI-18
DI-17
DO-12
DO-11
DO-10
DO-9
DO-COMA
DO-8
DO-7
DO-6
DO-5
DO-4
DO-3
DO-2
DO-1
DI-COM
DI-COM
DI-22
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
9
8
8
8
7
7
6
6
5
5
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
4
4
9
3
3
2
2
1
1
DO-COMB
DO-14
DO-13
Everest Combo I/O Expansion Bd.
9
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
AIO-COM
AO-4
AO-3
AIO-COM
AO-2
AO-1
AIO-COM
UI-24
UI-23
AIO-COM
UI-22
UI-21
AIO-COM
UI-20
UI-19
AIO-COM
UI-18
UI-17
AIO-COM
UI-16
UI-15
AIO-COM
UI-14
UI-13
AIO-COM
UI-12
UI-11
AIO-COM
UI-10
UI-9
AIO-COM
UI-8
UI-7
AIO-COM
UI-6
UI-5
AIO-COM
UI-4
UI-3
AIO-COM
UI-2
UI-1
I/O terminal and connector locations
UI1 – UI24:
Universal Inputs - 20mA, 2V (5V/10V with divider), Ohms, +/- mV, TC, thermistor, Contact Closure
AO1 – AO4:
Analog Outputs (0-20mA)
DI1 – DI22:
Optically Isolated Discrete Inputs. Order as 12/24Vac/Vdc or as 120/240Vac/Vdc
DO1 – DO14:
Relay Discrete Outputs.
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
91
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
DI-38
DI-37
DI-36
DI-35
DI-34
DI-33
DI-32
DI-31
DI-30
DI-29
DI-COM
DI-28
DI-27
DI-26
DI-25
DI-24
DI-23
DI-43
DI-42
DI-41
DI-40
DI-39
DO-29
DO-28
DO-27
DO-26
DO-25
DO-COMA
DO-24
DO-23
DO-22
DO-21
DO-20
DO-19
DO-18
DO-17
DI-COM
DI-44
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
9
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
9
8
8
7
7
6
6
5
5
4
4
3
3
2
2
1
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
DO-COMB
DO-16
DO-15
DO-14
DO-13
DO-12
DO-11
DO-10
DO-9
DO-COMA
DO-8
DO-7
DO-6
DO-5
DO-4
DO-3
DO-2
DO-1
DI-COM
DI-22
DI-21
DI-20
DI-19
DI-18
DI-17
DI-16
DI-15
DI-14
DI-13
DI-12
DI-11
DI-10
DI-9
DI-8
DI-7
DI-COM
DI-6
DI-5
DI-4
DI-3
DI-2
DI-1
I/O terminal and connector locations
DI1 – DI32:
Optically Isolated Discrete Inputs. Order as 12/24Vac/Vdc or as 120/240Vac/Vdc
DO1 – DO16:
Relay Discrete Outputs.
92
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
1
DO-COMB
DO-32
DO-31
DO-30
Everest Discrete I/O (DIO) Expansion Bd.
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
93
Pinnacle Series SCADA Controllers
Industrial Control Links, Inc.
12840 Earhart Ave.
Auburn, CA 95602
Telephone:
(530) 888-1800
Fax:
(530) 888-7017
E-mail:
[email protected]
Web-site:
www.iclinks.com
Doc# 60923003 (Rev. C)
94
Copyright © 2011 Industrial Control Links, Inc. All Rights Reserved
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