TR 220 operations manual
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TR-220
MULTIFUNCTION TEST SET
Transponder, TCAS, DME, TIS, and ADS-B
Test Set
Operating and Maintenance Manual
Software Revision 3.40 and Later
REVISION
A
P
B
R
C
S
D
T
E
U
F
V
G
W
H
X
J
Y
K
Z
L
M
N
01 July 2005
Tel-Instrument Electronics Corp
728 Garden Street
Carlstadt, NJ 07072
(201) 933-1600
www.telinstrument.com
Leading the AVIONICS TEST industry into the 21st Century!
NOTICE:
The information contained in this manual is subject to change without notice.
Tel-Instrument Electronics Corp. makes no warranty of any kind to this material,
nor shall be liable including but not limited to, errors contained herein or for
incidental or consequential damages in connection with the furnishings,
performance, or use of this material.
PART NUMBER
VOLUMES INCLUDED
CHAPTERS INCLUDED
90008088-1
90008088-2
VOLUME 1
VOLUMES 1 & 2
CHAPTERS I & II
CHAPTERS I - VI
Chapter I – Introduction
Chapter II – Preparation for Use and Operation
Chapter III – Theory of Operation
Chapter IV – General Maintenance and Servicing Procedures
Chapter V – Schematics
Chapter VI – Illustrated Parts Catalog
COPYRIGHT NOTICE
© 2005 Tel-Instrument Electronics Corp
Reproduction of this publication or any portion thereof by any means without the
express written permission of Tel-Instrument Electronics Corp. is prohibited. For
further information, contact the Customer Support Manager, 728 Garden Street,
Carlstadt, NJ 07072. (201) 933-1600
Safety Precautions
The following are general safety precautions that are not related to a particular test or procedure.
These are recommended procedures that all personnel must apply during many phases of
operation and maintenance. It is assumed that the operator has general knowledge of electrical
theory and the dangers associated with it.
1.
When performing any of the preceding; thoroughly read and understand all
procedures before actually performing them.
2.
The various front panel connectors, switches, and controls specified can be
located by referring to Figure 2-1 on page 2-3.
3.
Take the time to learn the proper operation and function of the Test Set as
outlined in Chapters 1, 2, and 3. Through knowledge of the Test Set and its
capabilities greatly improves the time it takes to complete the tests.
4.
Pay particular attention to NOTES and WARNINGS that may accompany some
test and operational procedures.
WARNINGS
Alerts the operator to potential dangers associated with a particular test.
Thoroughly understand the warning before proceeding to prevent a
potentially dangerous situation or damage to the Test Set.
NOTE
NOTES
Provides supplemental information that enhances the procedure or
further explains in detail additional information to ensure understanding or
proper operation.
5.
Observe all standard safety procedures when working with live voltages. The
potential for electric shock exists any time the Test Set is removed from its case.
6.
DO-NOT service the unit or make adjustments alone. Always be in the presence
of another person when working with live voltages.
7.
Thoroughly inspect the equipment and the local area for potential hazards. Loose
clothing and jewelry should be removed anytime the test set is being utilized or
being serviced.
8.
Be familiar with general first aid procedures and CPR (Cardiopulmonary
Resuscitation). Contact your local Red Cross for more information.
9.
Ensure the test equipment and the tools you utilize are in good operational
condition and not damaged in any way.
10.
Use only specified replacement parts as listed in the IPB. Failure to utilize factory
approved parts may cause damage to personnel; the test set’s, and possibly void
the warranty.
ESD Safety and Protection
Many parts contained in the Test Set are sensitive to ESD (Electro-Static Discharge) damage.
ESD can damage integrated circuits or semiconductors located within the Test Set. Only qualified
personnel should service the Test Set to prevent damage. The following are guidelines to avoid
ESD damage while still performing tests and or maintenance. These guidelines are meant only as
a reminder, consult local directives and follow standard operating procedures before servicing, or
repairing the Test Set.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Wear a properly grounded wrist strap and remain in contact with an approved grounding
point.
Do not touch the connector pins or backplanes of ESD Sensitive circuits or parts.
Ensure soldering irons are grounded before use.
Do not remove any components or disconnect any connectors located in the Test Set with
the power “ON”.
Properly ground all test equipment being utilized. Refer to the test equipment operating
manual for information.
Place all removed components or parts in or on an approved conductive package.
Most ESD devices or circuits and common points are readily identified utilizing several different
methods. Below are some examples.
CE (IEC) Marking
The Following Symbols may be utilized in different locations throughout the Manual and are also
located on and in the Test Set. Observe these warnings and markings and follow standard
electrical safety anytime you utilize live circuits.
Caution
Alternating Current
Protective Conductor
Terminal
Caution, risk of
electrical shock
VOLUME 1
OPERATIONAL PROCEDURES
Rev D
TR-220 90 008 088-2
TR-220 TABLE OF CHANGES1
Date
07 Sep 03
15 July 04
REV
ECO
Prelim.
A
B
16 Mar 05
C
01 Jul 05
D
1
Page
2-5 & 6, 13, 17,
22, 43-46
Chapter 3-6
Description
Initial Release
Initial Release
Updated procedure explanations
Provided Detailed EHS and ADS setup
and display info
Added CHAPTERS 3, 4, 5, &6
Changes are also denoted with a solid bar in the Left margin of each affected page.
i
Rev D
TR-220 90 008 088-2
Table of Contents
Chapter
I
Page
Table of Changes…………………………………………………………………….
i
List of Illustrations…………………………………………………….………………
vii
List of Tables……………………………………………………….…………………
viii
INTRODUCTION
Section A- General Information
1.1
Scope of Manual……………………………………………………………
1-1
1.2
Purpose and Function of Equipment……………………………………..
1-1
1.3
Regulatory Responsibilities………………………………………….........
1-2
1.4
Warranty……………………………………………………………………..
1-3
1.4.1 Obtaining Warranty Service…………………………………………
1-3
1.4.1 Shipping and Packing the Test Set………………………………...
1-4
Section B-
Equipment Description
1.5
Specifications…………………………………………………………………
1-5
1.6
Abbreviations, Acronyms, and Glossary of Terms………………….......
1-7
II PREPARATION FOR USE AND OPERATION
Section A- General Information
2.1
General………………………………………………………………...........
2-1
2.2
Unpacking……………………………………………………………………
2-1
2.3
Installation……………………………………………………………………
2-1
2.4
Accessories………………………………………………………………….
2-1
ii
Rev D
TR-220 90 008 088-2
Table of Contents (continued)
Chapter
Page
Section B- Operating Controls, Indicators, and Connectors
2.5
General………………………………………………………………...........
2-3
2.6
Controls, Indicators, and Connectors…………………………………….
2-3
Section C- Operating Instructions
2.7
General………………………………………………………………...........
2-5
2.8
Battery Operation……………………………………………………………
2-5
2.8.1
Auto-Shutdown…………………………………………………..
2-6
TR-220 Supplied Antenna………………………………………………….
2-6
2.9.1
2.9.2
2.9.3
2-6
2-9
2-9
2.9
Directional Antenna……………………………………………..
Direct Connect…………………………………………………..
TAP-200 Antenna Coupler……………………………………..
2.10
Initial Startup and Self-Test………………………………………………..
2-12
2.11
Transponder Test Sequence………………………………………………
2-13
2.12
Transponder Manual Sequence of Tests…………………………………
2-14
2.12.1
2.12.2
ATCRBS, Mode A/C Manual Testing…………………………
Mode S Manual Testing………………………………………..
2-14
2-17
Transponder Automatic Sequence of Tests……………………………..
2-24
2.13.1
2.13.2
ATCRBS, Mode A/C Automatic Testing………………………
Mode S Automatic Testing……………………………………..
2-24
2-26
2.14
Testing a Transponders “IDENT” Function………………………………
2-28
2.15
TCAS Tests…………………………………………………………...........
2-29
2.15.1
2.15.2
2.15.3
2.15.4
Typical TCAS Concepts………………………………………..
TCAS Scenario Selection and Setup …….…………………..
Erasing the TCAS Scenario Memory…………………………
Testing a TCAS Equipped Aircraft…………………………….
2-29
2-29
2-35
2-36
DME Tests………………….………………………………………………..
2-41
2.16.1
DME Setup…….…………………………………………………
2-41
Mode S Enhanced Surveillance…………………………………………...
2-43
2.13
2.16
2.17
iii
Rev D
TR-220 90 008 088-2
Table of Contents (continued)
Chapter
2.18
2.19
Page
ADS-B and TIS Testing…………………………………………………….
2-47
2.18.1
2.18.2
ADS-B TX………………………………………………………..
ADS-B RX……………………………………………………….
2-47
2-50
RS-232 Download Procedures……………………………………………
2-52
2.19.1
2.19.2
2.19.3
2-53
2-54
2-55
Setting Up your Computer for RS-232 Download…………..
Downloading the Data………………………………………….
Loading the Data to a Microsoft Excel File…………………..
III THEORY OF OPERATION
3.1
General……………………………………………………………………….
3-1
3.2
Subassemblies………………………………………………………………
3-1
3.3
Panel and Display Assembly………………………………………………
3-1
3.4
RF PCB Assembly and Attenuator Assembly……………………………
3-3
3.4.1
3.4.2
3.4.3
3.4.4
3.4.5
3.4.6
3.4.7
Transmitter……………………………………………………………
Modulator……………………………………………………………..
Gain Control………………………………………………………….
Antennas, RF Switching, and Attenuator…………………………
Receiver………………………………………………………………
Power, Sensitivity, and Frequency Measurement………………..
DPSK Demodulator………………………………………………….
3-3
3-3
3-5
3-5
3-5
3-6
3-7
Digital PCB Assembly………………………………………………………
3-7
3.5.1
3.5.2
3.5.3
3.5.4
3.5.5
3-7
3-9
3-9
3-9
3-9
3.5
3.6
Microprocessor Control Logic………………………………………
Clock Frequencies and Range Counter……………………………
First-In/First-Out (FIFO)……………………………………………..
Operator Interface…………………………………………………....
Digital/Analog Converter……………………………………………
Power Supply PCB Assembly……………………………………………..
3-10
3.6.1
3.6.2
3.6.3
3.6.4
Power Distribution……………………………………………………
Power Functions……………………………………………………..
Power Control………………………………………………………..
Elapsed Time Indicator……………………………………………...
3-10
3-12
3-12
3-12
3.7
Case Assembly.……………………………………………………………..
3-12
3.8
Case Assembly……………………………………………………………..
3-12
iv
Rev D
TR-220 90 008 088-2
Table of Contents (continued)
Chapter
3.8
Page
Directional Antenna Assembly…………………………………………….
3-13
IV GENERAL MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING INSTRUCTIONS
4.1
General……………………………………………………………………….
4-1
4.1.1 Safety Precautions…………………………………………………..
4.1.2 Preliminary Consideration…………………………………………..
4-2
4-3
Section A- Routine Maintenance
4.2
General………………………………………………………………………
4-4
4.2.1 Cleaning Procedure…………………………………………………
4.2.2 Inspection of all Connectors, Cables, and Assemblies………….
4.2.3 Battery Check and Charging………………………………………..
4-4
4-4
4-5
Section B- Test Set Verification and Acceptance Checks
4.3
4.4
General………………………………………………………………………..
4-6
4.3.1 Test Equipment Required……………………………………………
4.3.2 Test Set Initial Settings………………………………………………
4-6
4-7
Display Operation, Self Test and Initial Start Verification………………..
4-8
4.4.1
4.4.2
4.4.3
4.4.4
4-9
4-12
4-14
4-17
Transponder, Transmitter/Frequency Verification Tests…………
TCAS Verification…………………………………………………….
DME Verification……………………………………………………..
Final Checks………………………………………………………….
Section C- Calibration and Alignment
4.5
General/ Frequency of Calibration ………………………………………
4-18
4.6
Test Equipment Required/ Initial Settings ……………………………….
4-19
4.7
Disassembly Procedures…………………………………………………..
4-20
4.8
Calibration and Alignment…………………………………………………..
4-21
4.8.1 Sub-Assembly Adjustments………………………………………….
4.8.2 DAC Table Adjustment……………………………………………….
4-21
4-26
v
Rev D
TR-220 90 008 088-2
Table of Contents (continued)
Chapter
Page
4.8.3 RX Gain Calibration…………………………………………………
4.8.4 Power Supply Test………………………………………………….
4.8.5 Final Test……………………………………………………………..
4-29
4-35
4-35
V SCHEMATICS
Sense Line Filter PCB, 80 169 003………………………………………………...
Attenuator Board, 80 173 003……………………………………………………….
Antenna Attenuator, 80 208 003…………………………………………………….
Directional Antenna PCB, 80 201 003………………………………………………
IF Filter, 80 212 003…………………………………………………………………..
Power Supply PCB, 80 180 003…………………………………………………….
Regulator PCB, 80 191 003…………………………………………………………
Anti-Radiation Hat, 80 198 003……………………………………………………..
TR-220 Internal Interconnect Diagram, 89 003 135………………………………
Multi-Mode Digital Board, 80 210 003………………………………………………
Multi-Mode RF Board, 80 211 003…………………………………………………..
5-2
5-3
5-4
5-5
5-6
5-7
5-9
5-10
5-11
5-12
5-17
VI ILLUSTRATED PARTS AND PARTS LIST
TR-220 Test Set, 90 000 088..….………………………………………………….
Front Panel Assembly, 89 000 135…………………………………………………
Termination Cap, 88 001 014……………………………………………………….
RF Digital Chassis, 88 000 017……………………………………………………...
Multimode Digital Board, 80 210 001………………………………………………
Multimode RF Board, 80 211 001…………………………………………………..
Attenuator Assembly, 89 001 077…………………………………………………..
Attenuator PCB, 80 173 001………………………………………………………..
Cable Assembly, Dig/Panel Display, 75 010 165…………………………………
Cable Assembly, Dig/FP Switch PCB, 75 010 166……………………………….
Cable Assembly, RF/Antenna DIFF. 75 010 081…………………………………
Cable Assembly, RF/Antenna SUM, 75 010 075…………………………………
RF Direct Connect Cable, 75 010 079……………………………………………..
Attenuator/RF Cable Assembly, 75 010 082………………………………………
Sense Line Filter Cable, 75 010 142………………………………………………..
Sense Line Filter, 80 169 001………………………………………………………..
Cable Assembly/Power Supply, 75 010 163……………………………………….
Power Supply Cable, 18 Pin, 75 010 193…………………………………………..
Battery Cover Assembly, 75 010 029……………………………………………….
Direct Connect Cable Assembly, 75 010 186………………………………………
Directional Antenna Assembly, 89 001 158 07…………………………………….
Directional Antenna PCB, 80 201 001 04…………………………………………..
Antenna Attenuator PCB, 80 208 001-03…………………………………………..
Cable Assembly RF, 75 010 207…………………………………………………….
Directional Antenna Cable Assembly, 75 010 208 02…………………………….
Directional Antenna Extension Cable Assembly, 75 010 078…………………….
6-2
6-3
6-7
6-8
6-9
6-14
6-24
6-25
6-26
6-27
6-28
6-29
6-30
6-31
6-32
6-33
6-34
6-35
6-36
6-37
6-38
6-40
6-42
6-43
6-44
6-45
vi
Rev D
TR-220 90 008 088-2
Table of Contents (continued)
Chapter
Page
TAP-200 Assembly, 89 000 166……………………………………………………..
PCB Assembly/Power Supply, 80 180 001…………………………………………
Panel Switch Assembly, 80 189 001………………………………………………..
PCB Assembly, Regulator, 80 191 001……………………………………………..
6-46
6-48
6-51
6-54
Appendix’s
A
B
C
Test Set Verification and Acceptance Check………………………………….
Data Sheet Annual Calibration and Alignment………………………………..
TAP-200 Calibration Procedures……………………………………………….
A-1
B-1
C-1
List of Illustrations (Figures)
Figure
Title
Page
1-1
TR-220 Multifunction Test Set………………………………………………….
1-1
2-1
2-2
2-3
2-4
2-5
2-6
2-7
2-8
2-9
2-10
TR-220 Accessories……………………………………………………………..
Controls, Indicators, and Connector Locations……………………………….
Directional Antenna Gain………………………………………………………..
Directional Antenna Setup………………………………………………………
TAP-200…………………………………………………………………………..
TAP-200 Placement……………………………………………………………..
TAP-200 Adjustment…………………………………………………………….
Sequence of Tests……………………………………………………………….
Caution, Warning, and Collision Areas………………………………………..
Typical TCAS I Display………………………………………………………….
2-2
2-3
2-7
2-8
2-10
2-11
2-11
2-13
2-29
2-30
3-1
3-2
3-3
3-4
Test Set System Basic Functional Diagram…………………………………..
RF Functional Diagram………………………………………………………….
Digital PCB Functional Diagram………………………………………………..
Power Distribution………………………………………………………………..
3-2
3-4
3-8
3-11
4-1
4-2
4-3
4-4
4-5
4-6
4-7
4-8
4-9
4-10
4-11
4-12
4-13
4-14
Initial Settings…………………………………………………………………….
Transponder Output Frequency………………………………………………..
TCAS Output Frequency………………………………………………………..
DME Test Setup………………………………………………………………….
DME Interrogation/Reply pulses………………………………………………..
DME Frequency…………………………………………………………………..
Directional Antenna………………………………………………………………
Initial Settings……………………………………………………………………..
Captive Screw Location………………………………………………………….
U-17………………………………………………………………………………..
DPSK Ripple Check………………………………………………………………
DIFF Power Measurements……………………………………………………..
SUM/DIFF Setup………………………………………………………………….
Test Point Locations………………………………………………………………
4-7
4-11
4-13
4-14
4-15
4-16
4-17
4-20
4-21
4-21
4-23
4-25
4-32
4-36
vii
Rev D
TR-220 90 008 088-2
List of Tables
Table
Title
Page
2-1
2-2
2-3
2-4
2-5
2-6
TR-220 Accessories…………………………………………………………….
Controls, Indicators, and Connectors…………………………………………
Preprogrammed TCAS Scenarios…………………………………………….
TCAS Intruder Parameters……………………………………………………..
Additional TCAS Intruder Scenarios…….…………………………………….
TIS Intruders……………………………………………………………………..
2-2
2-4
2-30
2-33
2-34
2-51
4-1
4-2
4-3
4-4
4-5
4-6
4-7
Support Equipment………………………………………………………………
Initial settings……………………………………………………………………..
DME Range Verification…………………………………………………………
DME Frequency Verification…………………………………………………….
Test Set Annual Calibration List………………………………………………..
Initial Settings…………………………………………………………………….
Initial Setup………………………………………………………………………..
4-6
4-7
4-16
4-17
4-19
4-19
4-22
viii
Rev D
TR-220 90 008 088-2
CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
SECTION A
1.1
Scope of Manual
This manual is intended to familiarize the operator with the operating and maintenance
procedures necessary to utilize the TR-220 Multifunction Test Set. Here-in after known as the
T/S, Test Set, or TR-220.
Figure 1-1
TR-220 Multifunction Test Set
1.2
Purpose and Function of the Equipment
The TR-220 Test Set tests airborne ATCRBS, MODE A/C, and MODE S transponders, TCAS I/II
systems, DME equipment, and ADS-B and TIS Transponders. It is self-contained and battery
operated that requires no direct hardware connection to the Unit Under Test (UUT).
For transponder testing, the Test Set simulates secondary radar to receive and radiate signals to
the UUT from antennas supplied with the Test Set. For accurate power and frequency
measurements, the Test Set can be directly connected to the UUT without the use of additional
hardware.
1-1
Rev D
TR-220 90 008 088-2
For TIS testing, the Test Set transmits simulated Intruder Flight Data, which is then shown on the
TIS display to verify results.
The Test Set will receive and Decode 1090 MHz ADS-B data including squitter type, airborne
position, surface position, aircraft IDENT category, Airborne velocity, Latitude/Longitude,
North/South velocity, and East/West Velocity. The ADS-B TX function allows the operator to
receive, decode, and display ADS-B squitters. The ADS-B RX function permits the operator to
simulate a 1090MHz squitter. The TR-220 can be configured to transmit an airborne or surface
position squitter containing position, altitude, velocity, heading, aircraft category, flight ID, and
Mode S address.
The simulation of an intruder aircraft converging on the Aircraft Under Test (AUT) accomplishes
TCAS testing. The simulated target will be displayed on the TCAS display so the operator can
ensure proper advisories.
DME tests simulate an aircraft at a simulated speed converging to or from a selected distance. By
comparing the Test Set displayed distance to the DME under test display, the operator can
confirm proper DME operation.
1.3
Regulatory Responsibilities
Effective April 6, 1987, The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has required certain tests be
performed on transponders, both conventional ATCRBS and MODE S. In preparation for the
installation of new air traffic control radar facilities, the FAA required new measurements to be
performed on existing transponders and instituted required tests for MODE S transponders. FAR
(Federal Aviation Regulation) Part 43, Maintenance, Preventive Maintenance, Rebuilding and
Alteration section has been modified to reflect current technologies and improvements. TelInstruments has met all FAA requirements and recommends that the user of this type of
equipment review the appropriate FAR or contact the manufacturer of their particular model of
transponder to ensure that the current procedures and limitations are being correctly adhered to.
Eurocontrol has also incorporated new regulations for Mode S Elementary and Enhanced
Surveillance. These requirements include Selective Identifiers for high-density traffic areas and
will become mandatory beginning in May of 2003 for Elementary Surveillance and March 2005 for
Enhanced Surveillance. The TR-220 Test Set has the capability to thoroughly test these new
functions to comply with upcoming requirements. If you would like further information regarding
these requirements, visit www.eurocontrol.int/.
1-2
Rev D
1.4
TR-220 90 008 088-2
Warranty
The Tel-Instrument Electronics Corporation warrants that each product it manufactures is free
from defective material and workmanship for a period of two (2) years subject to the following
terms and conditions. Tel-Instrument Electronics Corp. will remedy any such warranted defect
subject to the following:
This warranty requires the unit to be delivered by the owner to Tel-Instrument intact for
examination, with all transportation charges prepaid to the factory, within two (2) years from the
date of sale to original purchaser. Tel-Instrument will solely determine when such defect exists.
This warranty does not extend to any of Tel products which have been subject to misuse, neglect,
accident, improper installation, or used in violation of operating instructions. This warranty does
not extend to units which have been repaired, calibrated, or altered in any way by a facility that is
not approved, in writing, by Tel-Instrument Electronics Corp. to perform such work. This warranty
does not apply to any product where the seals or serial number thereof has been removed,
defaced or changed, nor to accessories not of our own manufacture.
Repair parts will be made available for a minimum period of five (5) years after the manufacture
of this equipment has been discontinued.
This warranty is in lieu of all other warranties expressed or implied and all such other warranties
are hereby expressly excluded. No representative or person is authorized to assume for us any
other liability or warranty in connection with the sale of Tel’s products.
This warranty does not cover or include batteries (batteries have a separate 90 day warranty).
Additional information with regard to the applications and maintenance of this equipment will be
available from time to time.
1.4.1
Obtaining Warranty Service
In the event the Test Set may require service or repair that is included under the
warranty provided with the Test Set; the following is necessary to ensure proper
handling:
1.
Contact Tel-Instrument Customer Support before shipping any Test Set
back under a warranty condition.
Tel-Instrument Electronics Corp. Customer Support can be reached by
calling:
¾ (201) 933-1600 (telephone)
¾ (201) 933-7340 (fax)
2.
The Customer Support Department will discuss the matter and if validated,
issue an RMA (Return Material Authorization) number and form. Do not
return any product without first receiving this authorization.
3.
The Test Set must be returned with the completed RMA form. This will
ensure prompt handling and expedited service.
4.
Products must be returned in the Original Shipping Container (see
Paragraph 1.4.1). If the original container is no longer available, please
contact Tel-Instrument for guidance. Include in or on the shipping container
the following information:
1-3
Rev D
TR-220 90 008 088-2
• RMA Form on top of the product
• The assigned RMA number written in bold letters on the
outside of the shipping container
5.
1.4.2
• Model, Serial
problem
Number,
• POC
name,
email address
return
and
specific
address,
details
telephone
regarding
the
number,
and
Freight Charges to the factory are the responsibility of the owner/operator.
Tel-Instrument will provide return shipping if the problem is determined to be
warranty covered.
Shipping and Packing the Test Set
1.
Repackage the Test Set in the Original container utilizing the provided
packing material. Do Not Ship the Test Set with out using a shipping
container, this will prevent damage to the case and or finish during transit.
2.
Wrap the Test set within plastic sheeting and firmly seat the Test Set in
the original corner molds. Place all necessary documentation (RMA Form,
POC, etc…), on top of the Test Set.
3.
Utilize Package Tape and seal all seams. If the use of an industrial box
stapler is used, be sure that they do not protrude through the box to
prevent injury to personnel handling the package.
4.
Firmly affix a shipping label and mail the Test Set to the following:
Tel-Instrument Electronics Corp.
728 Garden Street
Carlstadt, NJ 07072
Attn: Repair Department
1-4
Rev D
TR-220 90 008 088-2
SECTION B
EQUIPMENT DESCRIPTION
1.5
Specifications
Transponder Transmitter
Frequency
Output Power
Modes
1030 MHz ± 10 kHz
> 4dBm
A, C, S, ADS B TX/RX,
and TIS
Transponder Receiver
Frequency
Frequency
Accuracy
1086.5 to 1093.5 MHz
± 200 kHz
Power
Range
Accuracy
Sensitivity
Range.
Accuracy
47 to 64 dBm
± 2 dB (direct connect)
± 3 dB (radiated)
-50 to -87 dBm
± 2 dB (direct connect)
± 3 dB (radiated)
0 to 100%
± 1%
Reply Percent Range
Accuracy
DME
DME Receiver
Frequency
Sensitivity
Frequency
Accuracy
Range
Channel Freq +3.5 MHz
± 200 kHz
< -35 dB
DME Transmitter
Frequency
Frequency
Accuracy
Power
962 to 1213 MHz
± 100 kHz
≥ 4 dB
TCAS
TCAS Transmitter
Frequency
Output Power
Modes
Antenna Beamwidth….
1090 MHz ± 10 kHz
> 4dB
C&S
15° Sum & Diff Ports
30° Sum only
1-5
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TR-220 90 008 088-2
TCAS Receiver
Frequency
1026.5 to 1033.5 MHz
Power
47 to 64 dBm
Physical Characteristics
Packaging
Size
Weight.
Operating Temperature
Battery Operation.
AC Operation/Charging
MIL-PRF-28800 Style C
14.5 x 9.4 x 6.5 inches
20 pounds
-28° to +55° C
8 hours at a 20%
Duty Cycle
100 – 240 VAC
47 – 440 Hz
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1.6
TR-220 90 008 088-2
Abbreviations, Acronyms and Glossary of Term
A/A
A/A B
ac or AC
A/D
ADS-B
Address
Altitude
AM
ATCRBS
ATCRBS/MODE S All Call
ATC
AUT
BIT
Comm
CW
D/A
DAP
dB
dBm
dc or DC
DME
DPSK
DF
ELM
FAA
FAR
FIFO
FREQ
ft.
G/A
Hz
IF
IFF
KHz
kts.
LCD
LED
1
Air to Air
Air to Air Beacon
Alternating Current
Analog to Digital
Automatic Dependent Surveillance - Broadcast
The unique code to which a MODE S transponder replies. This is not to
be confused with the 4096 code used for identifying ATCRBS
transponders. The address of a MODE S transponder is not alterable by
the pilot or crew.
The pressure altitude of the aircraft as transmitted by an ATCRBS or
MODE S transponder. This information is obtained from an external
sensor and transmitted to the transponder.
Amplitude Modulation
Air Traffic Control Radar Beacon System
Interrogation that causes all ATCRBS/MODE S transponders to reply.
Air Traffic Control
Aircraft Under Test
Built in Test
Refers to the communications and data-link capability of a MODE S
transponder. There are four (4) capabilities: No Comm, Comm A/B,
Comm A/B/C and Comm A/B/C/D. The Comm. capability is displayed
when the transponder is determined to be a MODE S.
Continuous Wave
Digital to Analog
Downlinked Aircraft Parameter
Decibel
Decibels above 1 milliwatt
Direct Current
Distance Measuring Equipment
Differential Phase Shift Keying. The method of modulation used for the
selective MODE S uplink interrogations.
Downlink Format. The format included in a MODE S transponder reply to
an interrogation or squitter message that indicates the type of message.
Extended Length Messages
Federal Aviation Administration
Federal Aviation Regulation
First In First Out
Frequency
Feet
Ground to Air
Hertz
Intermediate Frequency
Identify Friend or Foe
Kilohertz
Knots
Liquid Crystal Display
Light Emitting Diode
1
Further definitions may be found in the following reference books and documents: Helfrick, A.D. Principles of Avionics.
Leesburg: Quality Books, 2000. RTCA/DO-181B. Minimum Operational Performance Standards for Air Traffic Control
RADAR Beacon System/Mode Select (ATCRBS/Mode S) Airborne Equipment. Washington D.C.: 1999. United States.
Federal Aviation Administration. Federal Register Fed 3, 1987 FAA rules Part 91.
1-7
Rev D
MODE S
MHz
nmi.
ns
PAM
PDME
PMCS
PPM
PRF
PW
PWR
RA
Receiver Efficiency
Reply Codes
RF
RMS
R/T
SIF
SLS
Squitter
SSR
Surveillance Altitude
Surveillance ID
TA
TACAN
TCAS
TIS
TX
UF
VORTAC
VOR
VSWR
WOW
UUT
XPDR
XPDR UT
4096 Code
TR-220 90 008 088-2
A secondary radar system where transponders can be individually
interrogated or selected (the “S” in MODE S) so that in a crowded air
traffic area, the amount of interference or garble can be reduced to a
minimum.
Megahertz
Nautical mile
Nanosecond
Pulse Amplitude Modulation
Precision Distance Measuring Equipment
Preventative Maintenance Checks and Services
Pulses per Minute
Pulse Repetition Frequency
Pulse Width
Power
Resolution Advisories
The Test Set’s Measurement of valid replies received. Displayed as a
Percentage.
A transmitted response, from the airborne transponder, to an
interrogation. Commercial transponders responses are designated as
either ATCRBS/A where the reply includes the pilot selected 4096 ID
code, or ATCRBS/C, where the reply includes the aircraft pressure
altitude. These same responses for military transponders are designated
as MODE 3A and MODE 3C. See Mode S for further information.
Radio Frequency
Root Mean Square
Receiver Transmitter
Selective Identification Feature
Side Lobe Suppression. A pulse transmitted from an omni-directional
antenna used as a reference level to prevent replies to interrogations
received from the secondary radar antenna side lobes.
The self-generated transmissions made by a MODE S transponder, not in
reply to an interrogation, for the use of the collision avoidance system.
And ADS-B Receivers and Transmitters.
Secondary Surveillance Radar
An interrogation that causes only the addressed MODE S transponder to
reply.
An interrogation that causes only the addressed MODE S transponder to
reply to its “4096” code.
Traffic Advisories
Tactical Air Navigation
Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System
Traffic Information System
Transmitter
Uplink Format. The format in a MODE S interrogation that indicates the
type of reply expected.
VOR and TACAN (co-located)
VHF Omni-Directional Range
Voltage Standing Wave Ratio
Weight On Wheels
Unit Under Test
Transponder
Transponder Under Test
This refers to the octal number dialed into either an ATCRBS MODE A or
MODE S transponder by the pilot. This is to be distinguished from the
address of the MODE S transponder, which cannot be changed.
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TR-220 90 008 088-2
CHAPTER II
PREPARATION FOR USE AND OPERATION
SECTION A
GENERAL INFORMATION
2.1
General
This Chapter contains all necessary information on the initial unpacking, inspection, and set-up of
the TR-220 Multifunction Test Set (Hereinafter called the TR-220, Test Set, or T/S).
2.2
Unpacking
When receiving the TR-220 for the first time, ensure that there is no damage to the shipping
container. Carefully unpack the unit and save the shipping container in a safe location for
shipping or extended storage.
Examine the unit for obvious signs of damage. Check all displays, switches, and connectors
before utilizing the Test Set.
If any damage is found, DO NOT use the Test Set until a determination of the Test Sets functions
can be assessed. Contact Tel-Instrument as soon as possible for further instructions.
The TR-220 Test Set batteries were installed and fully charged when shipped from the factory.
2.3
Installation
The Test Set is fully functional and ready to use from the factory. There are no installation
procedures applicable.
2.4
Accessories
Once opening the Test Set Cover, ensure all the accessories that were purchased with the Test
Set are accounted for. The TR-220 comes standard with the following (See next page):
2-1
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TR-220 90 008 088-2
#
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
X
XX
NOMENCLATURE
Test Set
Cable Assembly, AC Power Cord
Cable Assembly, Direct Connect
Extender Cable Assembly, Directional
Antenna
Directional Antenna Cable Assembly
Directional Antenna Assembly
Directional Antenna Handle Assembly
TAP-200 Antenna Coupler
TR-220 Manual (Not Shown)
P/N
QTY
90000088
75010025
75010186
1
1
1
1
75010078
75010208-02
89001158-07
88001002
1
1
1
Optional
1
90008088-1
TR-220 Accessories
Table 2-1
1
2
3
4
7
5
6
TR-220 Accessories
Figure 2-1
2-2
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TR-220 90 008 088-2
SECTION B
OPERATING CONTROLS, INDICATORS, AND CONNECTORS
2.5
General
This section covers location and function of the operating controls, indicators, and connectors. All
controls, indicators, and connectors are located on the front panel of the Test Set.
2.6
Controls, Indicators, and Connectors
Figure 2-2 and Table 2-2 indicates the location and the function of each item on the front panel of
the Test Set.
1
2
3
4
5
6
18
7
17
8
16
9
10
15
11
14
Controls, Indicators, and Connectors
Figure 2-2
2-3
12
13
Rev D
FIG
#
TR-220 90 008 088-2
Control, Indicator, or
Connector
1
SUM Antenna Port
2
DIFF Antenna Port
3
Data Display Window
4
UUT FUNCTION Switch
5
CHN/ALT, DIST, VERT
SPEED Switch
6
UP/FWD, DOWN/REV
Switch
7
8
9
10
TO/START – FROM/STOP
Switch
IDENT Switch
ATCRBS/AIR, MODE S /GND
INTRUDER Switch
INCREASE/DECREASE
VELOCITY
11
Direct Connect Port
12
MOM/BACK LIGHT/ON
Switch
13
AUTO/TEST/MANUAL
Switch
14
15
STORE connector
Test Set charging indicator
16
AC Power Panel
17
18
TEST SET ON/OFF
Switch
Power ON “LED”
(Table 2-2) FUNCTION
Provides Connection to the Directional Antenna Sum Connector and the
optional TAP-135 Antenna Coupler.
Provides Connection to the Directional Antenna Diff Connector
Alpha/Numeric display (2 lines/20 characters) providing operational
instructions, error messages, scenario progress, and test results.
Provides access to Test Set Menus and Modes.
SETUP- Set Antenna Gain, T/S Distance, TCAS Scenario Selection, Altitude,
Velocity, and Vertical Speed and Distance, Power display (watts or dBm),
Cable Loss, Mode S address, and Latitude and Longitude for ADS-B
Functions.
XPDR- Access ATCRBS and MODE S Transponder test menus.
TCAS- Access TCAS intruder menus.
ADS-B TX- Select ADS-B Transmitter Results.
ADS-B RX- Select ADS-B, and TIS Functions.
DME- Access DME Test menus.
DME- Allows selection of DME Channels. Selectable from 108.0 MHZ in 50
KHz steps. Used in conjunction with UP/FWD – DOWN/REV switch.
TCAS- Set Intruder altitude offset from 99,900’ to 50,200’ in 100’ inc/ 50,175’
to -9000’ in 25‘ increments. Default is 0’. Used in conjunction with UP/FWD –
DOWN/REV switch.
TCAS- Intruder vertical speed in “feet per minute” (fpm) adjustable in 100’
increments from +7500’ to -7500’. Used in conjunction with UP/FWD –
DOWN/REV switch.
Used in conjunction with CHN/ALT, DIST, VERT SPEED switch to vary
parameters. Also used to set antenna gain and Test Set distance in SETUP
mode.
Start and Stop TCAS Intruder scenarios and change DME To/From
parameters.
Initiates a SPI Pulse for verification of transponder IDENT function.
Selects TCAS Intruder Type (MODE S or ATCRBS), and Air or Ground
position.
Sets TCAS Intruder and DME speed velocities. Also utilized for ADS-B TX/RX
Functions.
For direct connection to a Transponder. Provides accurate RF Power,
frequency and sensitivity measurements.
Activates display backlighting either “ON” or momentarily.
Allows the operator to select an Automatic Sequence of Transponder tests or
a Manual sequence. Initiates TCAS and DME scenarios. Hold AUTO key
when Test Set power is turned “ON” to select CW operation. Use AUTO and
MANUAL to advance through EHS and ADS-B tests.
RS-232 port for download of stored data to a PC.
Indicates to operator that the Test Set Batteries are charging
1. Provides connection to a 115 or 220 VAC power source.
2. AC “ON” / “OFF” switch for battery charging.
3. Fuse Cartridge.
Turns Test Set “ON” and “OFF”.
Indicates to the operator that the Test Set is “ON”.
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TR-220 90 008 088-2
SECTION C
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
2.7
General
The TR-220 is a self-contained instrument comprised of a Test Set mounted in a rugged case
with a removable cover. The Test Set front panel contains all the switches necessary to test
Transponders (ATCRBS and MODE S), ADS-B and TIS, DME and TCAS equipment. By the use
of toggle switches and an easy to read display, the operator may quickly test, make accurate
measurements and perform preprogrammed or manually selected TCAS scenarios. The
directional antenna with an active LED display and optical sight are utilized for Transponder,
DME, and TCAS tests. All accessories are stored in the Test Set case for easy storage and
protection.
2.8
Battery Operation
The TR-220 Test Set is equipped with a rechargeable Lead Acid battery, capable of operating the
Test Set using a 20% duty cycle for 8 hours at 77 degrees F (25 Degrees C). This represents a
full day of typical testing on a single charge. When operating the Test Set in lower temperatures,
the battery life will decrease slightly.
The operator will be able to utilize the Test Set until the batteries are nearly depleted. The unit
may then be plugged into a standard 115 or 220 VAC / 47 to 440 HZ power source to continue
testing. By observing a Duty Cycle (DC) of 20%, the Test Set batteries will begin regaining their
charge while testing is in progress.
The TR-220 provides a low battery warning system to alert the operator when battery strength
has been depleted to a point where testing may be interrupted. Several warning are displayed to
warn the operator of this condition and to give them a warning that the batteries will require
charging or supplemental AC power applied to complete extended testing.
As the battery capacity decreases, the Test Set will display the following:
Low Battery
Press AUTO to cont.
Toggle the AUTO switch to bypass the display and continue testing. Approximately 15 minutes of
battery capacity is available. As the battery strength decreases, the display will indicate:
Low Battery
Recharge Required!
This indicates only several minutes of testing time is available. It is recommended that AC power
be supplied to continue testing or testing halted at this point and the Test Set charged. Toggle the
AUTO switch to bypass this warning. Further testing will result in the final warning:
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TR-220 90 008 088-2
Low Battery
SHUTTING DOWN
This warning cannot be bypassed, and AC power must be utilized or charging the battery is
necessary.
It is strongly recommended that the batteries be charged for a short time each week, regardless if
the Test Set has been utilized or not. A completely discharged battery will require approximately
16 hours to fully charge. Occasional charges of 16 hours on partially depleted batteries will have
no adverse effects.
The current battery status display is available in the SETUP function.
Battery:
2.8.1
E„„„„„F
Cont: AUTO
Auto Shutdown
To preserve battery strength, the TR-220 will automatically shut down after 20 minutes of
inactivity. By toggling any switch during the 20 minutes will reset the timer allowing
extended testing.
Shutdown will not occur when AC power is utilized as the source.
2.9
TR-220 Supplied Antenna
Standard equipment with the TR-220 is a Directional Antenna. The antenna, stored in the case
cover, can either be hand held, tripod mounted, or directly mounted on the Test Set case. The
Test Set also contains a direct connect cable for accurate power and frequency measurements
(± 2 dB) when connected directly to the UUT. The Test Set has a built in 50 dB attenuator to
prevent damage to the Test Set due to the High Power RF associated with Transponders.
2.9.1
Directional Antenna
The Directional Antenna is a printed circuit sandwiched between two opaque Lexan
sheets.
1.
Open and remove the TR-220 Test Set case cover. Release the two (2) push button
holders
2. The Directional Antenna can be mounted on the case or be hand-held utilizing the
supplied handle.
2a. To mount the antenna to the case, simply slide the mounting Tabs (located on
the back) into the slots located on the front of the Test Set Case.
2b. To utilize the hand held method, attach the supplied handle to the bottom of the
antenna and hand tighten only.
2-6
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TR-220 90 008 088-2
2c. You may also attach the antenna to a tripod, which will increase the stability due
to high winds or hand movement thus increasing the lock on rate.
3. The operator must first set the proper Antenna Gain value into the Test Set memory.
Turn the Test Set “ON” with the UUT FUNCTION switch in the SETUP position.
Locate the ANT GAIN menu by toggling the AUTO/MANUAL switch. Enter the
correct values that are affixed to the Directional Antenna (Figure 2-3) by using the
UP/FWD, DOWN/REV switch. Ensure you enter both values, 1030 MHz and 1090
MHz. Once completed, turn “OFF” the Test Set. The values will remain in the Test
Set memory. You will only need to reenter the values if the antenna is replaced or
repaired.
Ant Gain 1030: +XXdB
Chg:Up/Dn Cont: AUTO
ANTENNA DATA
Gain @ 1030
Gain @ 1090
-XX dB
-XX dB
Directional Antenna Gain
Figure 2-3
4.
When using the handheld or tripod method, connect the extender cable supplied with
the Test Set, ensuring to match the appropriate color-coded cables. Connect the
opposite ends of the ANTENNA SUM & DIFF connectors on the Test Set front
panel. If reversed, the Test Set will display a fault prompting the operator to check
their antenna connections.
ANTENNA Connections
Missing or Reversed
5.
Maintain a 10 to 170 ft. (3 to 50 meters) unobstructed path to the Aircraft Under Test
(AUT), and point the Directional antenna to the appropriate antenna on the AUT.
6.
Turn the Test Set “ON” with the UUT FUNCTION switch in SETUP. Locate the T/S
Distance menu by toggling the AUTO switch and insert the approximate distance
measured from the Test Set to the AUT antenna by toggling the UP/FWD,
DOWN/REV switch. With out turning the Test Set OFF, turn the UUT FUNCTION
switch to the desired sequence of tests.
T/S Distance: 170 ft
Chg: Up/Dn Cont:Auto
2-7
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TR-220 90 008 088-2
7.
The optical sight will have a blinking LED indicating the operator must turn the
antenna slightly to gain a strong RF signal. A steady red LED signifies a good RF
signal and the Test Set will commence testing. The operator may also observe the
TURN indicator located on the display. By slowing turning the antenna, the TURN
indicator will spin slower until a lock is obtained. At that point, the Test Set will
display the appropriate display.
NOTE: The TR-220 uses a software technique to narrow the beam width. When
testing inside of a hanger, multi-path reflections can cause erroneous TURN
indications.
If unable to eliminate TURN message, remove antenna cable
connection to DIFF port. This will not affect any test results.
8.
Position the antenna with an unobstructed line to the UUT antenna. Ensure that the
transmitter or receiver (RX/TX) that you are testing is significantly closer to the Test
Set than another operating RX/TX; else, an undesired reply or erroneous and
inaccurate results may occur.
Directional Antenna Setup
Figure 2-4
Measurements utilizing the Directional Antenna have an accuracy of ± 3 dB.
2-8
Rev D
TR-220 90 008 088-2
2.9.2
Direct Connect
The Direct Connect Cable, supplied with the Test Set, allows the operator to conduct
transponder tests directly from the transponder under test. Utilizing the direct connect
method eliminates possible antenna and cable losses and ensures the operator the
transponder is operating at its full potential. The TR-220 has a built in 50 dB attenuator,
thus eliminating the need to connect an external attenuator for power and frequency
measurements. Simply connect the supplied cable from the test set to the transponder to
be tested. Ensure that if your transponder has multiple antennas (diversity equipped), to
terminate the second antenna to prevent damage to the transponder.
If you are not using the Direct Connect method, but the directional antenna method, you
must install the supplied termination cap on the DIRECT CONNECT port. If it is not
properly installed, the Test Set display will prompt the operator to remove the antenna.
Direct Connection
REMOVE ANTENNA
Before testing utilizing the supplied Direct Connect cable, the operator must enter the
appropriate cable loss to ensure accurate measurements.
1.
Access the ANT GAIN menu by turning the Test Set “ON” with the UUT FUNCTION
switch in the SETUP position. Locate the Cable Loss menu by toggling the
AUTO/MANUAL switch. Enter the correct values that are affixed to the supplied
cable by using the UP/FWD, DOWN/REV switch. If you are using a different cable, it
is important to know the cable loss value or inaccurate results will occur. Once
completed, turn “OFF” the Test Set or toggle to AUTO switch. The value will remain
in the Test Set memory. You will only need to reenter the value if another cable is
utilized or it is repaired.
Cable Loss:
1.8 dB
Chg: Up/Dn Cont:AUTO
Measurements utilizing the direct connect method have an accuracy of ± 2 dB.
2.9.3
TAP-200 Antenna Coupler (Optional)
The TR-220 can be used with the (optional) TAP-200 Anti Radiation Antenna Coupler for
testing transponders (fig 2-5). The Antenna couplers provide a limited amount of
attenuation, approximately 20 dB, to prevent the transmission of the transponder signal
into the airspace above the aircraft under test. The Antenna Couplers may only be
utilized on blade type antennas.
2-9
Rev D
TR-220 90 008 088-2
TAP-200 Coupler
Figure 2-5
1.
Connect the TAP-200 Cable to the TR-220 antenna SUM port.
2.
Turn the test set ON by toggling the ON/OFF switch Up and turn
the UUT FUNCTION switch to the SETUP position. Scroll to the Antenna
Selection screen using the AUTO/MANUAL switch.
Antenna: TAP
Chg:Up/Dn Cont:AUTO
3.
Use the UP/FWD-DOWN/REV switch to select TAP.
4.
To install the coupler, pull the ring, which separates the spring-loaded clamp, and
slide the coupler over the blade antenna. Ensure that the EMI gasket of the
coupler is flush with the aircraft skin and that the coupler is centered over the
antenna. Release the ring (fig 2-6).
5.
Ensure that the coupler is centered over the antenna to be tested.
6.
Due to the availability of numerous styles of antennas, slight adjust of the
Coupler may be necessary to receive accurate measurements. If incorrect
readings occur, re-position and ensure a snug fit on the antenna. Move the TAP200 forward or back and double check a firm and snug seal on the aircraft
surface (fig 2-7).
7.
An accurate adjust of the couplers can be accomplished by advancing to the
Manual Mode of tests POWER, RECEIVER, FREQ test page and adjusting the
coupler for the maximum power out. Once adjusted, the operator can then restart
the appropriate series of tests ensuring accurate results.
2-10
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TR-220 90 008 088-2
Center the TAP-200 as close to center
as possible for the style of antenna
being tested. If inaccurate results
occur, reposition the coupler slightly
forward or back and check for a snug
flush fit until accurate measurements
are displayed. Due to the many styles
of antennas available, adjustments
may be necessary.
TAP-200 Placement
Figure 2-6
Power, Receiver, Freq
54 dB -77 dB 1090.0
TAP-200 Antenna Adjustment
Figure 2-7
.
8.
Proceed with Transponder testing as outlined in paragraph 2.12 or 2.13
2-11
Rev D
2.10
TR-220 90 008 088-2
Initial Startup and Self-Test
When using the Test Set, it is advisable to have a fully charged battery. This will ensure all tests
can be completed with no interruptions or loss of data.
1.
Turn on the TR-220 by toggling the ON/OFF switch “UP”. The green LED located
above the switch will illuminate. Briefly, the Test Set display will indicate: Model number,
current software version installed and total hours of operation.
Tel-Instrument TR-220
REV X.XX 00001 hrs
2.
The Test Set will immediately commence a SELF TEST.
Self Test
Testing . . .
The Self Test function is automatic, and will test the following components:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Digital Board
RF Maximum Power
RF Minimum Power
RF Board
If a failure is detected, a message indicating the failed component or test will be
displayed. If no failures are detected, the result will be briefly displayed before moving to
the initial start page of the selected tests.
Self Test
PASS
3.
Toggle the BACKLIGHT switch to the MOM position and verify the Test Set display
backlighting illuminates. Release the switch and the backlighting will extinguish.
4.
Turn the Test Set “OFF” by toggling the ON/OFF switch down. The display will be blank
and the green LED will extinguish.
2-12
Rev D
2.11
TR-220 90 008 088-2
Transponder Test Sequence
The TR-220 T/S is capable of testing ATCRBS Mode A, Mode C and Mode S transponders. The
operator may select between an Automatic series of tests and a Manual series of tests. Figure 28 outlines the sequence, in order, of tests conducted. The Test Set will determine the correct set
of tests, either Mode A/C or Mode S upon receiving the transponder RF signal.
Tel-Instrument TR-220
Rev. X.XX
0000hrs.
Tel-Instrument TR-220
Rev. X.XX
0000hrs.
Tel-Instrument TR-220
Rev. X.XX
0000hrs.
Tel-Instrument TR-220
Rev. X.XX
0000hrs.
Capab Comm AB
EHS
AIR Press A/M
Capab Mode A/C
Press A/M
Transponder Test
No Reply...
II:14
MA
Testing...
MA
Testing...
MC
Testing..
MC
Testing..
M A SLS
Testing..
SLS
Testing...
Mode A All Call
Testing...
Sensitivity
Testing...
Mode C All Call
Testing
Power, Frequency
Testing...
Max True Airspeed is
omitted during AUTO
test sequence
M A Only
Testing...
MS Comm ID
Testing...
Max True Spd
Testing...
SI Lockout
Testing...
MS Comm Alt
Testing...
Diversity
Testing...
MS Surv ID
Testing...
Undesrd Rply
Testing...
Sensitivity
Testing...
MS Surv Alt
Testing...
Squitter
Testing...
Power, Frequency
Testing...
M C Only
Testing...
MS Surv Srt
Testing...
Transponder Sequence
Sensitivity is not
displayed during AUTO
test sequence
Figure 2-8
2-13
Rev D
2.12
TR-220 90 008 088-2
Transponder Manual Sequence of Tests
NOTE
All illustrations shown are for demonstration purposes. Though the test
results may be typical, they are not meant to replace FAA guidelines and
manufacturer recommendations.
When conducting tests in the MANUAL sequence, the operator initializes the sequence by
toggling the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to the MANUAL position. The Test Set then
commences a series of tests and displays the individual results of each test (see figure 2-8)
ending in the POWER, RECEIVER EFFICIENCY and FREQUENCY page. After each test is
completed, the operator must toggle the MANUAL switch to advance to the next test in the
series.
The “IDENT” feature of a transponder can only be tested during the MANUAL sequence of tests.
See paragraph 2-14 for detailed instructions.
2.12.1 ATCRBS, Mode A/C Manual Testing
1.
Utilize the procedures as outlined in paragraph 2.9 to select the preferred
antenna method for the following tests.
2.
Turn the Test Set “ON” by toggling the ON/OFF switch to the ON position.
Ensure the green LED illuminates.
3.
The Test Set commences the Self Test. “PASS” is displayed briefly if no failures
are detected.
Self Test
PASS
4.
Turn the UUT FUNCTION switch to the XPDR position. The Test Set will
automatically determine the transponder capability as being Mode A and/or C
capable and display the appropriate start page.
Capab Mode A/C
Press A/M
5.
Toggle the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to the MANUAL position to begin the
sequence.
MA
Testing . . .
/
Mode A Test initialized.
2-14
Rev D
TR-220 90 008 088-2
M A 1234
100%
0.45–20.35– 0.45 PASS
6.
To advance, toggle the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to MANUAL. The next test
in sequence will commence.
MC
Testing . . .
/
M C 6520 10000’ 100%
0.45 – 20.35 – 0.45 PASS
7.
Mode C Test initialized.
Test Complete. Display indicates the UUT
Altitude Gray Code (6520=1000’), Rcvr.
Efficiency as a percentage (100%),
Transponder Framing Pulse widths (0.45)
and separation measured in .05 µs
increments (20.35 µs).
To advance, toggle the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to MANUAL. The next test
in sequence will commence.
Mode A SLS
Testing . . .
Τ
SLS P1>P2 100% PASS
P1=P2 0% PASS
8.
Test Complete. Display indicates the UUT
4096 Octal Code (1234), Receiver
Efficiency as a percentage (100%),
Transponder Framing Pulse widths (0.45)
and separation measured in .05 µs
increments (20.35 µs).
Mode A SLS tests are initiated. The test
set makes alternating interrogations with
and without the SLS pulse.
When P1>P2 (SLS pulse at P1 - 9dB) the
transponder reply efficiency should be
greater than 99%. For P1=P3 (SLS) The
transponder reply efficiency should be less
than 1%
To advance, toggle the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to MANUAL. The next test
in sequence will commence.
Sensitivity
Testing . . .
UUT Receiver sensitivity tests (MTL) for
modes A and C are initiated.
A: -73.9dB C: -73.9dB
Sens. A&C: PASS
Test Completed. Display indicates the UUT
receiver sensitivity for mode A (-73.9db)
and Mode C (-73.9dB) PASS is displayed
when Mode A/C sensitivities are within
1dB.
2-15
Rev D
TR-220 90 008 088-2
9.
To advance, toggle the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to MANUAL. The next test
in sequence will commence.
Power, Frequency
Testing . . .
/
Power, Frequency
54 dB
1090.0 MHz
NOTE
UUT Power
initialized.
and
Frequency
Test
is
Test Completed. Display indicates the UUT
power (54 dB) and Frequency (1090.0) in
MHz.
Power measurements are measured in Watts or dBm. The Test Set only
displays dB due to display restrictions. To change the display to indicate
Watts, access the SETUP menu and toggle to the Power in Watts menu.
Use the UP/DOWN toggle to make a selection.
END OF MODE A/C MANUAL TESTS
2-16
Rev D
TR-220 90 008 088-2
2.12.2 Mode S Manual Testing
1.
Turn the Test Set “ON” by toggling the ON/OFF switch to the ON position.
Ensure the green LED illuminates. Utilize the procedures as outlined in 2.9 to
select the preferred antenna method for the following tests.
2.
The Test Set commences the Self Test. “PASS” is displayed briefly if no failures
are detected.
Self Test
PASS
3.
Turn the UUT FUNCTION switch to the XPDR position. The Test Set will
automatically determine the transponder capability as being Mode S capable and
display the appropriate start page with the COMM A, B, C, & D capabilities also
listed. The Test Set will display if the transponder reports it is capable of
Enhanced Surveillance (EHS). The Test Set will display the Vertical Status
(Air/Ground) and display the results of an Interrogation Identifier (14) test.
Capab Comm AB
AIR Press A/M
4.
EHS
II:14
Toggle the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to the MANUAL position to begin the
sequence:
MA
Testing . . .
/
Mode A Test initialized.
M A 1234
100%
0.45–20.35– 0.45 PASS
5.
Test Complete. Display indicates the UUT
4096 Octal Code (1234), Receiver
Efficiency as a percentage (100%),
Transponder Framing Pulse widths (0.45)
and separation measured in .05 µs
increments (20.35 µs).
To advance, toggle the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to MANUAL. The next test
in sequence will commence:
MC
Testing . . .
/
Mode C Test initialized.
2-17
Rev D
TR-220 90 008 088-2
M C 6520 10000’ 100%
0.45-20.35-0.45 PASS
6.
To advance, toggle the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to MANUAL. The next test
in sequence will commence:
Mode A SLS
Testing . . .
/
SLS P1>P2 100% PASS
P1=P2 0% PASS
7.
M A All Call
A02008
When P1>P2 (SLS pulse at P1 - 9dB) the
transponder reply efficiency should be
greater than 99%. For P1=P3 (SLS) The
transponder reply efficiency should be less
than 1%
/
/
100%
Mode A All Call Test initialized. Transmits
an M A All Call.
Test Complete. Successful DF=11 reply
will display the decoded aircraft address in
Hexadecimal (A02008) and Receiver
Efficiency as a percentage (100%).
Toggle the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to MANUAL to advance to the next
sequence:
M C All Call
Testing . . .
M C All Call
A02008
9.
Mode A SLS tests are initiated. The test
set makes alternating interrogations with
and without the SLS pulse.
To advance, toggle the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to MANUAL. The next test
in sequence will commence:
M A All Call
Testing . . .
8.
Test Complete. Display indicates the UUT
Altitude Gray Code (6520=1000’), Rcvr.
Efficiency as a percentage (100%),
Transponder Framing Pulse widths (0.45)
and separation measured in .05 µs
increments (20.35 µs).
/
/
100%
Mode 3C All Call Test initialized. Transmits
a Mode 3C All Call.
Test Complete. Successful DF=11 reply
will display the decoded aircraft address in
Hexadecimal (A02008) and Receiver
Efficiency as a percentage (100%).
Toggle the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to MANUAL to advance to the next
sequence:
M A Only
Testing . . .
/
Mode A ONLY Test initialized. Test Set
transmits an ATCRBS ONLY All-Call.
2-18
Rev D
TR-220 90 008 088-2
M A Only
PASS
10.
11.
M C Only
Testing . . .
/
Mode 3C ONLY Test initialized. Test Set
transmits an ATCRBS ONLY All-Call.
M C Only
PASS
/
A Mode S transponder will not reply to an
ATCRBS Only All-Call. A “PASS” signifies
the Mode S transponder did not respond.
Toggle the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to MANUAL to advance to the next
sequence:
SI Lockout
PASS
/
18 sec
The Test Set issues a SI Lockout
command (37) and verifies that UUT will
not respond for minimum of 3 seconds and
maximum of 18 seconds.
Toggle the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to MANUAL to advance to the next
sequence:
M S Surv ID
Testing . . .
M S Surv ID
1234 FS: AIR
NOTE
13.
A Mode S transponder will not reply to an
ATCRBS Only All-Call. A “PASS” signifies
the Mode S transponder did not respond.
Toggle the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to MANUAL to advance to the next
sequence:
SI Lockout
Testing . . .
12.
/
/
/
100%
Mode S Surveillance Identity Test
initialized. Test Set will transmit an UF=5
interrogation.
Test complete. A successful DF=5 Reply
will display the aircraft 4096 Octal code
(1234), Flight Status (Air), and Receiver
Efficiency as a percentage.
Possible Flight Status Codes are AIR (Airborne), GND (Ground), AL/AR
(Alert/Airborne), AL/GND (Alert/Ground), AL/SP (Alert/SPI), and SPI.
Toggle the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to MANUAL to advance to the next
sequence:
2-19
Rev D
TR-220 90 008 088-2
M S Surv Alt
Testing . . .
M S Surv Alt
10000’
14.
/
/
100%
/
USA: N107PP
/
A02008 VS:AIR 100%
USA: N107PP
/
50020010 VS:AIR 100%
NOTE
Mode S Short Air to Air Surveillance Test.
Test Set transmits a special short UF=0
interrogation.
Test complete. A Mode S transponder
will reply in a DF=0 format. Alternating
display will indicate the Country code
(USA) and tail number, aircraft address
in Hexadecimal (A02008) and Octal
(50020010).
Appendix A list available country codes. If the Test Set can not locate the
country algorithm, “??????” will be displayed.
Toggle the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to MANUAL to advance to the next
sequence:
M S Comm Id
Testing . . .
/
M S Comm Id
/
1234 yyyyyyyy 100%
16.
Test complete. A successful DF=4 Reply
will display reported altitude (10000’) and
Receiver Efficiency as a percentage
(100%).
Toggle the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to MANUAL to advance to the next
sequence:
M S Surv Srt
Testing. . .
15.
Mode S Surveillance Altitude Test. Test
Set will transmit an UF=4 interrogation.
Mode S Communication Identity Test. Test
Set will transmit a COMM A/B transmission
utilizing the UF=5/RR:18 field. This tests
the transponders communication and datalink capabilities.
Test complete. A successful DF=21 Reply
will display 4096 code (1234), Flight ID
(yyyyyyyy) and Receiver efficiency as a
percentage (100%).
Toggle the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to MANUAL to advance to the next
sequence:
2-20
Rev D
TR-220 90 008 088-2
M S Comm Alt
Testing . . .
M S Comm Alt
10000’
17.
18.
/
/
100%
Mode S Communication Altitude Test. Test
Set will transmit a COMM A/B transmission
utilizing the UF=4/RR:18 format. This tests
the transponders communication and datalink capabilities.
Test complete. A successful DF=20 Reply
will display UUT Altitude (10000’) and
Receiver Efficiency as a percentage
Toggle the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to MANUAL to advance to the next
sequence:
Undesrd Rply
Testing . . .
/
Undesrd Rply
PASS
/
Undesired Replies Test initialized. The
Test Set will make randomly addressed
interrogations.
Test complete. If the UUT replies to any of
the random interrogations, “FAIL” will be
displayed. A “PASS” indicates the UUT did
not reply as required. The test set uses a
minimum of 3 random addresses to comply
with FAR 43 App F.
Toggle the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to MANUAL to advance to the next
sequence:
Squitter
Testing . . .
ACQ: PASS
ADD: A02008
/
900 ms
II:0
EXT: NOT DETECTED
EXT: PASS
ADD: A02008
500 ms
II:0
The Test Set will not transmit interrogations
but receive and process DF=11 and DF=17
extended replies.
Test complete. Upon detection of the
replies, the Test Set will display the interval
time of the messages (if received) in
milliseconds (900 ms). If either a DF=11 or
DF=17 extended message is not acquired,
NOT DETECTED will be displayed.
If and Extended Squitter “IS” detected, the
following display indicating the interval time
and address.
2-21
Rev D
TR-220 90 008 088-2
19.
Toggle the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to MANUAL to advance to the next
sequence:
Max True Spd
Testing . . .
/
Max True Spd
/
GT 300 & LE 600 kts
NOTE
20.
Toggle the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to MANUAL to advance to the next
sequence:
/
Diversity Test initialized.
Test complete. A PASS indicates that
isolation relative to the active antenna is
greater than 20 dB. and the actual isolation
figure is displayed.
Diversity A02008 /
PASS 26 dB Attn
Toggle the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to MANUAL to advance to the next
sequence:
Sensitivity
Testing . . .
/
A: -73.9dB C: -73.9dB
Mode S: -74.4 dB PASS
22.
Test complete. The DF=0 will report the
aircraft maximum cruising airspeed in the
RI field of the DF=0 format.
Eight possible RI field codes are available.
1) NO Max airspeed data, 2) LE 75 knots , 3) GT 75 & LE 150 kts., 4) GT 150 &
LE 300 kts, 5) GT 300 & LE 600 kts, 6) GT 600 & LE 1200 kts, 7) GT 1200 kts,
8) Not Assigned.
GT denote “Greater Than”, LE denotes “Less than or Equal too”
Diversity
Testing . . .
21.
Test Set verifies the UUT airspeed code by
transmitting an UF=0 interrogation.
UUT Receiver sensitivity tests (MTL) for
modes A and C are initiated.
Test Completed. Display indicates the UUT
receiver sensitivity for mode A (-73.9db),
Mode C (-73.9dB) and Mode S (-74.4dB).
PASS is displayed when Mode A/C/S
sensitivities are within 1dB.
Toggle the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to MANUAL to advance to the next
sequence:
2-22
Rev D
TR-220 90 008 088-2
Power, Frequency
Testing
/
Power, Frequency
/
54 dBm
1090.0Mhz
UUT Power and Frequency tests for modes
A and C are initiated.
Test completed. UUT transmitter power
(54dBM) (shown in dBm or WATTS as
selected in Set-up Menu) and UUT
transmitter frequency in MHz.
END OF MODE S MANUAL TESTS
2-23
Rev D
2.13
TR-220 90 008 088-2
Transponder Automatic Sequence of Tests
When conducting tests in the AUTO sequence, the operator initializes the sequence by toggling
the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to the AUTO position. The Test Set then commences a series
of tests without interruption (see figure 2-8) ending in the POWER, RECEIVER EFFICIENCY and
FREQUENCY page. Test results will not be displayed unless a failure occurs. The operator can
then override the failure and continue testing by toggling the TEST switch to the AUTO position.
NOTE
All illustrations shown are for demonstration purposes. Though the test
results may be typical, they are not meant to replace FAA guidelines and
manufacturer recommendations.
Before testing begins, ensure that you have read and fully understand the procedures preceding
this section. By reviewing these sections, the operator can avoid erroneous and inaccurate
results.
2.13.1 ATCRBS, Mode A/C Automatic Testing
1.
Turn the Test Set “ON” by toggling the ON/OFF switch to the ON position.
Ensure the green LED illuminates.
2.
The Test Set commences the Self Test. “PASS” is displayed briefly if no failures
are detected.
Self Test
PASS
3.
Utilize the procedures as outlined in 2.9 to select the preferred antenna method
for the following tests.
4.
Turn the UUT FUNCTION switch to the XPDR position. The Test Set will
automatically determine the transponder capability as being Mode A/C capable
and display the appropriate start page.
Capab Mode A/C
Press A/M
5.
Toggle the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to the AUTO position. The Test Set will
begin testing the transponder, without interruption, IAW figure 2-4. Each test will
be displayed as “Testing . . .” but no results will be shown, until the Test Set as
completed all tests.
MA
Testing . . .
/
2-24
Rev D
TR-220 90 008 088-2
6.
If no failures are detected, the Test Set will cease testing and display the
following alternating display:
Power, Receiver, Freq /
54dB -78dB 1090.0
The final alternating display will indicate
the UUT power (54dB), Receiver
Sensitivity
(-78dB),
Frequency
(1090.0), 4096 Octal Code (1234), and
the UUT Altitude (10000’) in 100 ft.
increments.
Mode A: 1234
Mode C: 10000’
NOTE
7.
Power measurements are measured in Watts or dBm. The Test Set only
displays dB due to display restrictions. To change the display to indicate
Watts, access the SETUP menu and toggle to the Power in Watts menu.
Use the UP/DOWN toggle to make a selection.
If a failure is detected during any test in the Automatic sequence, the Test Set
will “STOP” at that test and display the failure along with the Framing Pulses,
Pulse Width, and separation in µs.
MC
No Reply
MC
0.45-20.35-0.35 FAIL
/
Illustrate a Mode C failure. The first
display indicates the failure, the second
screen displays the Framing Pulse
widths (0.45 & 0.35) and their
separation (20.3) in µs.
8.
The operator may override and advance to the next test in sequence by toggling
the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to the AUTO position. It is recommended that
the operator determine the cause of the failure before advancing. Subsequent
tests may be inaccurate or misleading.
9.
The operator may also elect to repeat the failed test by toggling the
AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to the MANUAL position.
END OF MODE A/C AUTOMATIC TESTS
2-25
Rev D
TR-220 90 008 088-2
2.13.2 Mode S Automatic Testing
1.
Turn the Test Set “ON” by toggling the ON/OFF switch to the ON position.
Ensure the green LED illuminates.
2.
The Test Set commences the Self Test. “PASS” is displayed briefly if no failures
are detected.
Self Test
PASS
3.
Utilize the procedures as outlined in 2.9 to select the preferred antenna method
for the following tests.
4.
Turn the UUT FUNCTION switch to the XPDR position. The Test Set will
automatically determine the transponder capability as being Mode S capable and
display the appropriate start page with the Communication capability of the
Transponder (COMM NO, COMM AB, COMM ABCD).
Capab Comm AB
AIR Press A/M
5.
Toggle the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to the AUTO position. The Test Set will
begin testing the transponder, without interruption, IAW figure 2-7. Each test will
be displayed as “TESTING . . .” but no results will be shown until the Test Set
as completed all tests.
MA
Testing . . .
6.
EHS
II:14
/
If no failures are detected, the Test Set will cease testing and display the
following alternating display:
FID: yyyyyyy 10000’
54dB
1090.0MHz
H: A02008 O:50020010
1234
USA:N107PP
NOTE
The final alternating display will indicate
the transponder decoded Flight ID
Code (FID: YYYYYYY), Aircraft altitude
(10000’), UUT Power (54dB), Freq.
(1090.0), aircraft address in both
Hexadecimal and Octal (A02008,
50020010), and the Country code and
tail number (USA:N107PP) if available.
Appendix A lists available country codes. If the Test Set can not locate
the country algorithm, “??????” will be displayed.
2-26
Rev D
TR-220 90 008 088-2
7.
If a failure is detected during any test in the Automatic sequence, the Test Set
will “STOP” at that test and display the failure along with the Framing PulsesPulse Width and separation in µs.
Squitter
FAIL
/
Illustrate a Squitter failure
8.
The operator may override and advance to the next test in sequence by toggling
the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to the AUTO position. It is recommended that
the operator determine the cause of the failure before advancing. Subsequent
tests may be inaccurate or misleading.
9.
The operator may also elect to repeat the failed test by toggling the
AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to the MANUAL position.
END OF MODE S AUTOMATIC TESTS
2-27
Rev D
2.14
TR-220 90 008 088-2
Testing a Transponders “IDENT” Function
NOTE
The “IDENT” function can only be tested in the Manual mode of Tests in
both Mode A/C and Mode S.
1. To test the “IDENT” feature of a transponder the operator may select the Mode A or
the M C Test for the appropriate transponder (Mode A/C or Mode S).
MA
Testing . . .
/
2. Allow the Test Set to complete the test.
M A 1234
100%
0.45–20.35– 0.45 PASS
3. Press the IDENT button or switch located on the transponder control panel or cockpit
interface.
4. IDENT will be displayed for approximately 20 seconds to verify the receipt of the SPI
pulse from the transponder.
M A 1234 IDENT 100%
0.45 ─ 20.35 ─ 0.45
5. The operator may now continue testing the transponder through the remainder of the
tests.
END OF TRANSPONDER TESTS
2-28
Rev D
2.15
TR-220 90 008 088-2
TCAS Tests
The TR-220 Multifunction Test Set is capable of fully testing ATCRBS and Mode S, ACAS, TCAS
I, and II systems (Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System). The operator is able to manually
select a scenario or utilize the default scenario already preprogrammed in the Test Set Memory.
When properly used, the Test Set will simulate an Intruder Aircraft converging on the position of
the UUT. The operator may then observe the TCAS display to ensure the correct TA’s (Traffic
Advisory) and RA’s (Resolution Advisory) occur on their display.
The Simulation is used with the Directional Antenna. This gives the operator the ability to move
the Test Set to different locations and headings from the UUT.
2.15.1 Typical TCAS Concepts
NOTE
All illustrations shown are for demonstration purposes. Though the test
results may be typical, they are not meant to replace FAA guidelines and
manufacturer recommendations.
TCAS is a system, which provides situational awareness of the surrounding airspace of
an aircraft to the pilot and crew. A TCAS establishes a volume of airspace around the
aircraft. The size of the airspace is based on range, speed and altitude. By working inconjunction with the aircraft Transponder system, the TCAS can determine the relative
threat of an aircraft, issue visual and audible advisories to assist the crew in locating
and/or take action to prevent a collision.
The perimeter of the CAUTION AREA is approximately 20 to 48 seconds to the time the
intruder would enter the WARNING AREA. Refer to Figure 2-9.
Caution, Warning, and Collision Areas for a TCAS I System
Figure 2-9
2-29
Rev D
TR-220 90 008 088-2
A Solid Amber Circle indicates a TA (Traffic
Alert), signifying a possible collision threat to
your aircraft. Accompanied by a audible warning
of “Traffic, Traffic”
A solid white diamond signifies a proximate
traffic. Aircraft that are within 4nmi and ± 1200
feet altitude.
An open white diamond signifies other traffic
within the selected range.
Numbers represent the intruder aircrafts relative
altitude ± 100 ft levels from your aircraft.
The arrows indicate if the intruder aircraft is
ascending or descending from your relative
position.
Typical TCAS I Display
Figure 2-10
The perimeter of the WARNING AREA is approximately 15-35 seconds from entering the
COLLISION AREA (not depicted).
When an aircraft enters the CAUTION AREA, a “TA” (Traffic Advisory) is issued. This
would consist of an audible and visual warning in the cockpit.
When an intruder enters the COLLISION AREA, the TCAS will issue a “RA” (Resolution
Advisory). “RA’s” consist of audible and visual warnings and possible instructions to avoid
a collision.
A TCAS display will vary dependent on the manufacturer. Typically, a TCAS I system, as
shown in figure 2-10, will display Traffic Advisories. A TCAS II System will be
incorporated with a Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI), which will issue a RA, the pilots VSI
will display a course of action to avoid a collision with an aircraft located in the
COLLISION AREA.
2.15.2 TCAS Scenario Selection and Setup
1.
To TR-220 must have the correct values entered to properly program an intruder
to converge with the UUT aircraft. If the intruder scenario is incorrectly
programmed, the operator may not receive the anticipated results.
2.
Turn the Test Set “ON” and turn the UUT FUNCTION switch to SETUP.
3.
Access the TCAS Scenario menu. The TR-220 has 10 preprogrammed intruder
scenarios in its memory (see table 2-3). All TCAS Scenarios can be modified
2-30
Rev D
TR-220 90 008 088-2
and stored in the Test Set Memory. By toggling the UP/FWD-DOWN/REV switch,
the operator can select the appropriate intruder scenario.
TCAS Scenario:
1
Chg:Up/Dn Cont: AUTO
4.
After selecting a suitable scenario, the operator needs only to turn the UUT
FUNCTION switch to the TCAS position to begin an intruder simulation. Proceed
to paragraph 2.15.5 to continue with TCAS Tests. If the operator desires different
parameters, continue with Step 5.
Scenario
#
TCAS
Start
Distance
Start
Altitude
(Intruder)
Vertical Speed
Velocity
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
5 nmi.
5 nmi.
5 nmi.
5 nmi.
5 nmi.
5 nmi.
5 nmi.
5 nmi.
5 nmi.
5 nmi.
2500 ft
2500 ft
2500 ft
2500 ft
2500 ft
2500 ft
2500 ft
2500 ft
2500 ft
2500 ft
0 fpm.
0 fpm.
0 fpm.
0 fpm.
0 fpm.
0 fpm.
0 fpm.
0 fpm.
0 fpm.
0 fpm.
250 Kts.
250 Kts.
250 Kts.
250 Kts.
250 Kts.
250 Kts.
250 Kts.
250 Kts.
250 Kts.
250 Kts.
Preprogrammed (default) TCAS scenarios
Table 2-3
5.
If the operator desires different parameters, Leave the UUT FUNCTION switch in
the SETUP position and toggle the AUTO switch. The Start Alt menu will be
displayed.
Start Alt:
2500’
Chg:Up/Dn Cont: AUTO
6.
Toggle the UP/FWD-DOWN/REV switch to change the intruder’s start altitude.
The Altitude can be changed from -1000 ft. to +99,900 ft. The altitude is
adjustable in 25 ft. increments between -1000 ft. and 50,175 ft. and in 100 ft,
increments above 52,000 ft. Hold the toggle switch either UP or Down for more
than 5 seconds and the adjust speed will increase.
Start Alt:
10000’
Chg:Up/Dn Cont: AUTO
2-31
Rev D
TR-220 90 008 088-2
7.
Toggle the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to the AUTO position to advance to
the Velocity menu. Utilize the UP/FWD-DOWN/REV switch to set the velocity to
the desired setting. The Velocity is adjustable from 120Kts to 1200Kts.
Velocity:
180 nmi/h
Chg:Up/Dn Cont: AUTO
8.
Toggle the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to the AUTO position to advance to
the Vert Speed menu. Utilize the UP/FWD-DOWN/REV switch to set the vertical
speed to the desired setting. The Vert Speed is adjustable from +7,500 fpm. to 7,500 fpm.
Vert Speed: +000 fpm
Chg:Up/Dn Cont: AUTO
9.
Toggle the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to the AUTO position to advance to
the TCAS dist menu. Set the distance of the intruder to the UUT by toggling the
UP/FWD-DOWN/REV switch to the desired range. The range is adjustable from
1 nmi. to 50 nmi.
TCAS dist:
5 nmi
Chg:Up/Dn Cont: AUTO
10.
Toggle the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to the Mode S Addr menu. The
operator may change the Mode S address of the intruder aircraft. Switching the
switch to ALT and then using the UP/FWD-DOWN/REV switch will enable the
first two digits of the address to be changed. Switching to DIST and then to
SPEED will enable the second tow digits and final two digits to be changed with
the UP-DOWN switch respectively.
Mode S Addr: 3D8DFF
Chg: Al/Ds/Sp-Up/Dn
By toggling the IDENT switch, the Mode S address will be decoded into the
corresponding aircraft tail number where possible, or just show the country code
for those countries that do not have an appropriate algorithm.
Mode S Addr: 3D8DFF
DEU: D-GAAH
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WARNING
Some Mode S Addresses may not be used. Ensure that the code you use
is authorized in the country where the Test Set is being utilized. TelInstrument Corp. initially inserts A00001 for the Mode S Address before
shipping the Test Set.
When changing the Mode S address, utilize both the CHN/ALT-DIST-VERT
SPEED and the UP/FWD-DOWN/REV switches.
11.
Once all parameters have been set, turn the UUT FUNCTION switch to the
TCAS position. The scenario is now held in the Test Set memory.
12.
As a convenience, the following describes intruder scenarios and the correct
parameters necessary to ensure a simulated convergence will occur.
The operator is able to select an infinite number of simulated Intruder scenarios.
The TR-220 allows the user to select Intruder Starting Altitude, Vertical Speed,
and Distance from target, and three preset Velocities. Table 2-4 describes each
parameter and limitations.
PARAMETER
MIN AND MAX
NOTES
Intruder Velocity
120 – 1200 Kts.
Intruder Altitude
99,900 to -1000 ft.
Vertical Speed
Intruder Distance
-7,500 to 7,500 fpm.
0 – 50 nmi.
10 KT. increments
50,200 to 99,900 in 100 ft
increments
-9000 to 51,175 ft in 25 ft
increments
100 ft. increments
1 nmi. increments
TCAS Intruder Parameters
Table 2-4
To select a scenario that will properly converge and intercept the UUT, the
Aircraft altitude must be known. If any parameter is incorrectly entered, the
intruder simulation may not intersect the UUT resulting in the operator not
observing the intended display. The operator may utilize a Pitot Static Test Set to
“Pump-Up” the aircraft altitude. It is recommended that this be accomplished
before actual TCAS testing begins.
To correctly enter intruder parameters, utilize the following formula for reliable
test results.
(UUT─ Intruder Altitude) x Velocity
VS = -----------------------------------------------------------Intruder Distance x 60
Assume the UUT Altitude is Pumped-up to 10,000 ft, Intruder Altitude set for
20,000 ft, Intruder Velocity is 600 kts and Intruder Distance is 20 nmi.
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TR-220 90 008 088-2
(10,000 – 20,000) x 600
VS = ---------------------------------------------20 x 60
Complete the equation to find the correct Vertical Speed (VS) value to be
entered.
-6,000,000
VS = -------------------------------12000
VS = -5000
The correct Vertical Speed variable is -5000 fpm.
Table 2-5 lists random TCAS Scenarios that will result in proper intruder
convergence resulting in an RA and/or TA on the TCAS display.
Scenario
#
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
UUT
ALTITUDE
(Pumped Up)
-1000 ft.
-500 ft.
0 ft.
500 ft.
1000 ft.
5000 ft.
7500 ft.
10,000 ft.
12,500 ft.
15,000 ft.
17,500 ft.
20,000 ft.
25,000 ft.
33,000 ft.
42,000 ft.
49,000 ft.
3000 ft.
3500 ft.
4500 ft.
7500 ft.
8500 ft.
9000 ft.
STARTING
ALTITUDE
VELOCITY
TCAS
DISTANCE
VERTICAL
SPEED
2000 ft.
1000 ft.
0 ft.
1000 ft.
3500 ft.
4000 ft.
9500 ft.
15,000 ft.
7500 ft.
30,000 ft.
34,000 ft.
10,000 ft.
41,500 ft.
50,000 ft.
15,000 ft.
31000 ft.
5000 ft.
2000 ft.
2500 ft.
3000 ft.
10,000 ft.
15,000 ft.
180 kts
300 kts
600 kts
300 kts
180 kts
300 kts
600 kts
180 kts
300 kts
600 kts
180 kts
300 kts
600 kts
180 kts
300 kts
600 kts
300 kts
180 kts
300 kts
600 kts
180 kts
300 kts
10 nmi
15 nmi
20 nmi
25 nmi
25 nmi
25 nmi
40nmi
50 nmi
25 nmi
30 nmi
15 nmi
50 nmi
30 nmi
30 nmi
25 nmi
45 nmi
25 nmi
45 nmi
50 nmi
45 nmi
15 nmi
30 nmi
-900 fpm
-500 fpm
0 fpm
-100 fpm
-300 fpm
200 fpm
-500 fpm
-300 fpm
1000 fpm
-5000 fpm
-3300 fpm
1000 fpm
-5500 fpm
-1700 fpm
5400 fpm
4000 fpm
-400 fpm
-100 fpm
200 fpm
1000 fpm
-300 fpm
1000 fpm
Additional TCAS Intruder Scenarios
Table 2-5
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TR-220 90 008 088-2
2.15.3 Erasing the TCAS Scenario Memory
The TCAS memory can be restored to factory settings by the following procedures:
1.
Place the UUT FUNCTION switch in the SETUP position.
2.
Access the TCAS Scenario menu by toggling the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch.
TCAS Scenario: 1
Chg:Up/Dn Cont: AUTO
3.
Toggle the IDENT switch “UP’. The display shall revert to the Reset Scenario
menu.
Reset Scenarios: MAN
Cont Press AUTO
4.
Toggle the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to the MANUAL position. This will
reset the operator-inserted scenarios and revert to the factory settings.
Default Scenarios
Reset
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2.15.4 Testing a TCAS Equipped Aircraft
1.
Connect the Directional Antenna to the Test Set IAW Paragraph 2.9.1. The
Directional Antenna is the only antenna that may be utilized for TCAS testing.
2.
Turn the Test Set “ON” by toggling the ON/OFF switch to the ON position.
Ensure the GREEN LED is illuminated.
3.
Place the UUT FUNCTION switch in the TCAS position. The test set will first
measure the TCAS transmitter power and frequency and the display will indicate
the following
Power
Frequency /
Listening . . .
4.
After a few seconds, the display will indicate the following:
Power
150W
5.
Frequency /
1030.01Mhz
Power and Frequency measurements are
approximate values and should be used for
reference purposes only.
Press the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to continue. The test set will next
display the AUT Mode S address, transmitted via the TCAS system in a UF16
interrogation. The display will indicate the following
TCAS UF16 Md S Add:
3D8DFF
6.
NOTE
Press the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to access the TCAS scenario selection
screen and select the appropriate intruder scenario by using the UP/FWDDOWN/REV switch. Paragraph 2.15.2 describes in detail correct procedures for
initially programming and storing the TCAS scenarios.
The following text utilizes Scenario 1, which is the default TCAS scenario.
The parameters are as programmed in the example in para 2.15.2.
TCAS Test
Mode S
Scen: 1, Press AUTO
7.
Simulate the UUT aircraft altitude to 10,000 ft by “Pumping Up” the aircraft with a
Pitot Static test set
8.
Select the Intruder velocity by toggling the INCREASE-DECREASE VELOCITY
switch to the desired speed.
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TR-220 90 008 088-2
9.
Select the intruder type, Mode S or ATCRBS using the ATCRBS/AIR-MODE
S/GND switch. For TCAS I select ATCRBS and for TCAS II select Mode S.
10.
Toggle the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to the AUTO position. The Test Set is
now simulating an intruder aircraft at the selected position. STP indicates that the
intruder is stopped at the initial position. Verify a display is annunciated on the
UUT TCAS display. The display will indicate ACQ for a ATCRBS TCAS system.
A Mode S TCAS system will initially show ACQ then change to indicate TRK
once the correct BIT is received.
TRK 180 Kts 10000’ /
5.0nm
000fpm STP
11.
Toggle the TO/START-FROM/STOP switch to the TO position to commence the
intruder convergence on the UUT. The Test Set display will indicate the altitude,
range, velocity and climb rate (fpm) of the intruder simulation.
TRK 180Kts 10000’ /
3.5 nm +000fpm TO
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TR-220 90 008 088-2
12.
The operator may now observe the AUT TCAS display to ensure correct
operation. Once the simulated intruder’s range has reached 0 nmi, the Test Set
will reverse the heading and return back to the start point. This will continue,
back and forth, until the operator stops the simulation.
TRK 180Kts 10000’ /
2.2 nm +000fpm FRM
13.
At any point during the simulation, the operator may STOP the intruder at any
range. Toggle the TO/START-FROM/STOP switch twice to the STOP position.
The intruder will stop and hold at that range. The operator now may move the
Test Set to a different location around the AUT to check that correct azimuth
information is being displayed on the TCAS display.
14.
By selecting a starting altitude above or below the “Pumped UP” UUT altitude,
the operator can simulate an intruder converging on the UUT from above or
below the UUT. Table 2-5 lists several scenarios, which can be utilized for this
purpose.
14a.
For Example: Select Scenario #10.
Scenario
#
UUT
Altitude
Starting
Altitude
Velocity
TCAS
Distance
Vertical
Speed
10
15000 ft.
30,000 ft.
600 kts
30 nmi
-5000 fpm
14b.
Enter the values above in the TCAS Scenario Setup menus (Paragraph
2.15.2) and “Pump Up” the UUT aircraft to 15000 ft.
14c.
Start the Intruder simulation as described in Paragraph 2.15.5.(11)
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TR-220 90 008 088-2
TRK 600Kts 30000’ /
30 nm -5000fpm STP
14d.
As the simulated intruder approaches, the altitude will decrease to
ensure a proper intersect of the targets.
TRK 600Kts 23000’ /
15.9 nm -5000fpm TO
14e.
Once the intruder has converged with the UUT, the simulation will
reverse course and return to the original starting point.
2-39
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TR-220 90 008 088-2
TRK 600Kts 16150’ /
2.1 nm -5000fpm FRM
15.
It is possible to adjust the scenario parameters without changing the stored
parameters within the Setup Menu. With the UUT FUNCTION switch in the TCAS
position and with the TCAS scenario window displayed, proceed as follows:
TRK 600Kts 16150’ /
2.1 nm -5000fpm STP
15a.
Ensure that pressing the TO/STAR-FROM/STOP switch up twice and the
display stop the scenario shows STP. (This is the only position, which
allows temporary modification of the scenario parameters)
15b.
By switching the CHN/ALT-DIST-SPEED switch to the relative positions,
the altitude, distance and speed of the intruder can be adjusted with the
UP-DOWN switch. Intruder velocity can be changed with the
INCREASE-DECREASE VELOCITY switch. The scenario can now be
run again with the modified parameters.
NOTE
Pressing AUTO to measure TCAS power and frequency or restarting the
TCAS testing by moving the UUT Function switch will revert to the
selected scenario parameters
END OF TCAS TESTS
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2.16
TR-220 90 008 088-2
DME Tests
The TR-220 is capable of selecting any of the DME frequencies of 108.0 – 117.95 MHz channels.
The Test Set simulates a ground station at an operator selected range and velocity. When the
operator initiates the test, the Test Set range, TO or FROM, will decrease to 0 nmi., and return
back to the pre-selected range. The operator may also freeze the simulation at any point during
the simulation.
The following paragraph will describe the procedure to properly conduct a test of a DME
Receiver. The Directional Antenna is utilized for DME testing.
2.16.1 DME Setup
1.
Connect the directional Antenna and follow the procedures as outlined in
Paragraph 2.9.1.
2.
Turn the Test Set “ON” by toggling the ON/OFF switch to the ON position. Verify
the green LED is illuminated.
3.
Select DME using the UUT FUNCTION switch and verify the following display:
(note that DME velocity will be the last selected velocity).
108.00MHz 350K 0Hz
50.0nmi Ident Hold Τ
4.
To select the appropriate frequency, place the CHN/ALT-DIST-VERT SPEED
switch in the CHN/ALT position. Using the UP/FWD-DOWN/REV switch, select
the desired DME channel. The operator may select any frequency from 108.00 to
117.95 MHz.
5.
To select the range from the UUT, place the CHN/ALT-DIST-VERT SPEED
switch in the DIST position and toggle the UP/FWD-DOWN/REV switch to the
appropriate range. The Test Set range can be varied from 0 – 250 nmi, in 1 nmi
increments (default distance is 50nmi).
6.
Select the velocity of the scenario by toggling the INCREASE-DECREASE
VELOCITY switch to INCREASE or DECREASE the AUT velocity (120-1200Kts
in 10 Kt increments).
7.
To begin testing, toggle the TO/START-FROM/STOP switch either “UP” or
“DOWN”. By toggling the switch “UP”, the operator will select TO the AUT. The
Test Set will begin decreasing the distance to the AUT at the selected velocity
and display the UUT PRF in Hz.
108.00MHz 350K 18Hz
47.5nmi Ident
ToΤ
2-41
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TR-220 90 008 088-2
8.
At any point during the test, the operator may reverse the direction of the
simulation by toggling the TO/START-FROM/STOP switch “DOWN” to the
FROM/STOP position. The scenarios will then, stop and reverse direction. The
TO display will change to FROM indicating FROM the AUT. The distance will
track from the distance selected to zero nmi and back, repeatedly. The AUT DME
indicator should be monitored to ensure correct distance and velocity
measurements where applicable.
108.00MHz 350K 18Hz
48.0nmi Ident FromΤ
9.
To halt the scenario at a selected distance, toggle the TO/STARTFROM/STOP to the FROM/STOP position two times in succession. The
simulation will stop at that distance and remain there until the TO/STARTFROM/STOP switch is toggled to the TO/START position.
DME audio can be tested by listening to the AUT DME audio. The Test set will
transmit appropriate Morse code station IDENT signal approximately every 40
seconds. The IDENT Tone can be switched OFF or ON by toggling the IDENT
switch up.
To measure DME power and frequency, toggle the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL
switch to the AUTO position. The test set listens for the DME transmissions.
Power
FrequencyΤ
Listening . . .
12.
The DME power and frequency will be displayed.
Power
55dbm
FrequencyΤ
1041.0Mhz
END OF DME TESTS
2-42
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TR-220 90 008 088-2
2.17
Mode S Enhanced Surveillance
NOTE
All illustrations shown are for demonstration purposes. Though the test
results may be typical, they are not meant to replace manufacturer
recommendations or ACTUAL results
The TR-220 is capable of testing Mode S Transponders with Enhanced surveillance (EHS)
capability. Access to the EHS menu is as follows:
If utilizing the Directional Antenna, select SETUP using the UUT FUNCTION switch and complete
the procedures in paragraph 2.9.1. Utilize paragraph 2.9.2 if using the supplied direct connect
cable.
1.
Connect the antenna or direct connect cable as appropriate.
2.
Turn the Test Set “ON” by toggling the ON/OFF switch to the ON position.
Ensure the green LED illuminates.
3.
The Test Set commences the Self-Test. “PASS” is displayed briefly if no failures
are detected.
Self Test
PASS
4.
Turn the UUT FUNCTION switch to the XPDR position. The Test Set will
automatically determine the transponder capability as being Mode S capable and
display the appropriate start page with the COMM A, B, C & D capabilities also
listed if applicable.
Capability COMM ABCD
Press AUTO/MANUAL
5.
Press the TO/START-FROM/STOP switch upwards to the TO position to access
the EHS menu.
Mode S Enh. Surv.
Using UF5/DF21 . . .
6.
EHS testing can be carried out using 3 UF/DF combinations. Press the UPDOWN switch to the “UP” position to select UF5/DF21, UF21/DF21, and the
UF0/DF16 as applicable. The results displayed will be the same for each
selection.
2-43
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TR-220 90 008 088-2
7.
Press the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to continue. The Roll angle will be
displayed in degrees. Part of the BDS5 Track and Turn report.
BDS5 Roll Angle
+90 D
8.
Press AUTO/TEST/MANUAL to move to the next test. The True track angle will
displayed in degrees and the Track Angle rate will be displayed in degrees per
second. Part of the BDS5 Track and Turn report.
BDS5 True Trk Angle
An E120 D Rt + 8 D/s
9.
Press AUTO/TEST/MANUAL to move to the next test. The True Airspeed and
Ground Speed will be displayed in Knots. Part of the BDS5 Track and Turn
report.
BDS5 Tru ASpd 600K
Gnd Speed 550K
10.
Press AUTO/TEST/MANUAL to move to the next test. The Indicated Airspeed
will be displayed in Knots, the Heading in degrees and the Mach number. Part of
the BDS6 Heading and Speed report.
BDS6 Ind Aspd
600K
Hdg E120 D Mch 1.000
11.
Press AUTO/TEST/MANUAL to move to the next test. The Barometric Altitude
Rate and Inertial Vertical Velocity will be indicated in feet per minute. Part of the
BDS6 Heading and Speed report.
BDS6 Balt
In VertVel
12.
+6000’/M
+6000’/M
Press AUTO/TEST/MANUAL to move to the next tests Subsequent screens will
display the values contained in registers BDS 1,0; 1,7; 1,8; and 1,9. The
decoded register values are shown in Hexadecimal.
BDS 10 Datalink
10 00 00 80 E0 00 00
2-44
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TR-220 90 008 088-2
The TR-220 will decode and display parameters contained in the BDS 1,0
register. The parameters include, Mode S Subnet Network Number = “Sub
Net=0” (Decode and display IAW with ICAO Annex X Volume 3 Sect. 5.2.9
(page 279) 0,1,2, 3, etc.); Transponder enhanced protocol indicator = “TC
Lvl= 2-4” (Decode and display 0=2-4 and 1=5); DTE Sub address = “DTE=
NO” (Decode and display 0=NO, 1=YES)
BDS1 SubNet=1
TC Lvl=
DTE=
A
Mode S Specific Services Capability = “SPC SV CP=YES” (Decode and display
0=NO, 1=YES); Continuous Flag = “Cont Flg=NO” (Decode and display
0=NO, 1=YES); Surveillance Identifier = “SI=YES” (Decode and display 0=NO
and 1=YES)
BDS1 SPC SV CP=
Cont Flg=
SI=
Aircraft Identification Capability = “Flt ID=YES (Decode and display 0=NO and
1=YES); Squitter Capability Subfield = “Sq=YES” (Decode and display 0=NO
and 1=YES); Common usage GICB capability = “COM GICB=YES” (Decode and
display 0=NO and 1=YES)
BDS1 Flt ID=
Sq=
COM GICB=
Uplink UELM capability = “UELM=NO” (0=NO, 1=1, 2=2, etc. ICAO Annex X
Volume 3 Sect. 5.2.9 page 280); Downlink DELM capability =“DELM=NO”
(0=NO, 1=1, 2=2, etc. ICAO Annex X Volume 3 Sect. 5.2.9 page 280)
BDS1 UELM=
DELM=
BDS 1,7 Co Use GICB
FA 81 01 00 00 00 00
BDS 1,8 MS Sp Sv GICB
00 00 00 81 C0 81 F0
BDS 1,9 MS Sp Sv GICB
00 00 80 00 80 00 80
2-45
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TR-220 90 008 088-2
13.
Press AUTO/TEST/MANUAL to move to the next test. The display will indicate if
TCAS has issued a Resolution Advisory. BDS3 ACAS Active Resolution
Advisory.
NOTE
A second TR-220 may be necessary to simulate a TCAS intruder in order
to cause the TCAS system to issue a Resolution Advisory
BDS Resolution Adv:
Active RA FFFFFF
14.
Press AUTO/TEST/MANUAL to move to the next test. The display will indicate
the Selected Altitude in feet. Part of the BDS4 Aircraft Intention report.
BDS4 FMC Alt
MCP/FCU Alt
25000’
Barometric Pressure Setting = “Press Set = 1015”.0; Target Altitude Source =
“Tgt Alt=UNK” (00=UNK, 01=ALT, 10=BOTH, 11=FMS); Status of Target Alt
Source Bits = “Src=NO” (0=NO and 1=YES);
BDS4 Press Set=800.1mb
Tgt Alt= UNK
Src=No
VNAV Mode = “VNAV=NA” (0=NA, 1=ACT); ALT Hold Mode = “ALT HD=NA
(0=NA, 1=ACT; Approach Mode = “APRHL=NA” (0=NA and 1=ACT)
BDS4 VNAV = NA
Alt Hld= NA Appr= NA
END OF MODE S ENHANCED TESTS
2-46
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2.18
ADS-B and TIS Testing
The TR-220 Test Set provides operators with the capability to test ADS-B and TIS functions that
are now standard in many models of Transponders. This is an enhancement over standard
MODE S transponder that provides operators with unique information previously not available.
2.18.1 ADS-B TX
NOTE
All illustrations shown are for demonstration purposes. Though the test
results may be typical, they are not meant to replace manufacturer
recommendations or ACTUAL results.
The TR-220 provides test capability for Mode S Transponders capable of DF17 Extended
Squitters or ADS-B. The TR-220 ADS-B TX test can be accessed as follows.
1.
Utilize either the Direct Connect Method, Directional Antenna, or the optional
TAP-200 for ADS-B and TIS Tests. Utilize paragraph 2.9 for instructions.
2.
Turn the Test Set “ON” by toggling the ON/OFF switch to the ON position.
Ensure the green LED illuminates.
3.
The Test Set commences the Self-Test. “PASS” is displayed briefly if no failures
are detected.
Self Test
PASS
4.
Turn the UUT FUNCTION switch to ADS-B TX. If no ADS-B squitters are
received, the following screen will appear:
DF-17/18 Message
Decoding
5.
If a DF17 or DF18 squitter is detected, the display will show the following
information. Use the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to toggle between screens.
Position . . .
If the Transponder is in the Air and is transmitting a BDS 0,5 Extended Squitter
Airborne Position Report, the following screen will be displayed:
2-47
Rev D
TR-220 90 008 088-2
Air 5200’ B
0.5s
39 17 51N 94 42 50W
The information displayed includes Squitter Type (Airborne), Altitude in Feet,
Altitude Source (Barometric or GNSS), squitter period and encoded latitude and
longitude.
NOTE
For certain TR-220 functions, you must store the latitude/longitude of the
test set in the SETUP FUNCTION. This is called the HOME POSITION.
The latitude/longitude of the Test Set can be entered manually or
automatically stored using the latitude/longitude information being
transmitted by the aircraft under test. When you have the above screen
displayed, press the IDENT switch, wait for the test set prompt and press
the AUTO_TEST_MANUAL switch to MANUAL. This will store the latitude
and longitude information in the test set HOME POSITION.
To set the Lat & Lon positional information into the TR-220, proceed as follows.
Turn the test set ON with the UUT FUNCTION switch in the set up position.
Use the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to scroll the display to the Lat/Lon screen
Latitude:
Longitude:
39> 17 51N 94 42 50W
Use the TO/START-FROM/STOP switch to move the > cursor to the field which
needs to be set and then use the UP/FWD-DOWN/REV switch to change the
values to those desired.
If the Transponder is on the Surface (Ground) and is transmitting a BDS 0,6
Extended Squitter Surface Position Report, the following screen will be
displayed. The information displayed includes Squitter Type (Surface),
Movement in knots, Ground Track (True) in Degrees, squitter period, and
encoded latitude and longitude. The proper decoding of the Surface Position
requires that the test set latitude and longitude (HOME POSITION) is set to
current position.
Gnd 1.0K +120D 5.0s
39 17 51N 94 42 50W
6.
Press the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to select the next screen:
2-48
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Identification . . .
If the Transponder is transmitting a BDS 0,8 Extended Squitter Aircraft
Identification and Type Report, the following screen will be displayed. The
information displayed includes Aircraft Type, Squitter Period, and Flight ID.
Aircr. Cat: A2 5.0s
Flight ID: T200ZC
7.
Press the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to select the next screen:
Airborne velocity
If the Transponder is Airborne (simulated) and is transmitting a BDS 0,9
Extended Squitter Airborne Velocity Report, the following screen will be
displayed. The information displayed includes Velocity Type, East/West Velocity
(knots), North/South Velocity (Knots), Geometric Height Difference between
Barometric and GNSS Height (Feet), and Barometric or GNSS Vertical Rate (Up
or Down in Feet/min).
Vel: 1 E 71K N 71K
Hd: 125’ BVR: 600’
8.
Press the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to select the next screen:
Mode S Address . . .
The TR-220 will decode and display the Aircraft Mode S Address as shown in the
following display. In addition, the TR-220 decodes and displays the
Interrogator Identifier (II) field.
DF17 MS Addr:A40001
USA: N357NG
II=0
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TR-220 90 008 088-2
9.
Press the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to select the next screen:
Latitude & Longitude
The TR-220 will display the encoded latitude and longitude information with more
resolution. The display will indicate whether the information is from an Airborne
Squitter (A) or Surface Position Squitter (G).
Lat: 39 17 51.30N
Lon: 94 42 50.14W A
2.18.2 ADS-B RX
The TR-220 ADS-B RX Function allows transmission of the following information:
•
Mode S Extended Squitter (DF17/DF18), Airborne or Surface Position, for 4
intruder aircraft.
•
Traffic Information System (TIS) for 4 intruder aircraft
ADS-B Intruder simulations DF17/DF18 can be accessed as follows:
1.
Turn the UUT FUNCTION switch to ADS-B RX and use the AUTO/TEST/
MANUAL switch to select the following screen.
4 DF17 Targets
A00001
Airborne
2.
Set the ATCRBS/AIR-MODE S/GND Intruder switch to Airborne or Ground.
3.
Press the IDENT switch to select DF17 or DF18 target type.
4.
Set a Mode S Address for the first intruder by selecting SETUP using the UUT
FUNCTION and using the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to select Mode S
Address (The Mode S address for the other 3 targets will be incremented by 1).
The TR-220 will transmit the DF17 or DF18 information for 4 intruder aircraft that
have the following parameters when AIRBORNE intruder is selected:
a. Altitude = 10,000 feet
b. Distance = 10 miles from the test set HOME POSITION
c.
Velocity = 250 knots
d. Target locations are NE, SE, SW, and NW of the test set HOME
POSITION
e. The Flight ID for the targets are TEL1, TEL2, TEL3, and TEL4
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TR-220 90 008 088-2
The TR-220 will transmit the DF17 or DF18 information for 4 intruder aircraft that
have the following parameters when GND intruder is selected:
a. Distance = 1 mile from the test set HOME POSITION
b. Velocity = 5 knots
c.
Target locations are NE, SE, SW, and NW of the test set HOME
POSITION
d. The Flight ID for the targets are TEL1, TEL2, TEL3, and TEL4
TIS intruder simulations can be accessed as follows:
1.
Select ADS-B RX on the TR-220 UUT FUNCTION switch
2.
Use the AUTO/TEST/MANUAL switch to select the following screen:
4 TIS Targets
A80001
3.
The TR-220 will decode and display the Mode S Address of the Transponder
under test.
4.
The TR-220 will transmit Comm A (UF21) information for 4 intruders.
The transmitted information for the 4 intruders is as follows:
Target
Bearing
Range
Altitude
VS
Heading
Status
1
2
3
4
0
60
120
240
0.5
1.5
3.0
5.0
+200
-500
-1500
+2000
LVL
CLB
DES
LVL
0
45
-45
90
TA
TA
PA
PA
TIS Intruders
Table 2-6
END OF TIS TEST
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TR-220 90 008 088-2
2.19
RS-232 Download Procedures
The TR-220 contains memory to down load results received during the AUTOMATIC
sequence of tests to a PC thru the use of the RS-232 port located on the front panel of
the Test Set. Once downloaded, the information can be displayed in an Excel file to be
viewed and saved for future reference. The following Tests and results are captured to
the Test Set’s memory:
1.
MODE A & SLS
Re: Mode A Reply, Mode A Code, MA SLS
2.
MODE C
Re: Mode C Reply, Mode C Altitude
3.
MODE A & SLS
MA SLS, P1 > P2, Reply, P1 = P2
4.
MODE A ALL CALL
Re: Mode A & C Reply, MA and C Address
5.
MODE C ALL CALL
Re: MC & A Reply, Mode A & C Address
6.
MODE A ONLY
Re: Results
7.
MODE C ONLY
Re: Results
8.
MODE S SURVEILLANCE IDENTITY
Re: DF5 Reply, DF5 ID, DF5, Flight Status
9.
MODE S SI LOCKOUT
Re: Results
10.
MODE S SUVEILLANCE ALTITUDE
Re: DF4 Reply, DF4 Altitude, DF4 Flight Status
11.
MODE S SURVEILLANCE SHORT
Re: DF0 Reply, DF0 Altitude, DF0 VS, Tail Number
12.
MODE S COMM IDENTITY
Re: DF21 Reply, DF21 ID, DF21 Flight ID
13.
MODE S COMM ALTITUDE
Re: DF20 Reply, DF20 Altitude
14.
UNDESIRED REPLIES
Re: Results
15.
SQUITTER
Re: ACQ Per, ACQ Address, Ext PER, Extended Address
16.
DIVERSITY
Re: Results, Diversity Attenuation
17.
SENSITIVITY
MA, MC, & MS Sensitivity
18.
POWER AND FREQUENCY
Re: Power (in dB), Power (in Watts), and Frequency
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TR-220 90 008 088-2
The Test Set Captures up to 32 series of tests, after capturing the 32th test, the Test Set
will then begin overwriting the oldest captured data. The software required to download
the stored information is part of the Test Set memory. No external software is required to
be loaded onto the PC to accomplish the transfer.
Results are transferred via a RS-232 Cable (not supplied) to a COMM port on the
computer at a 4800-baud rate. With the computer HyperTerminal, the data is downloaded
as a comma delimited file, which can be opened in an Excel spreadsheet program. The
operator may also choose to put it in another file of their choice.
2.19.1 Setting Up Your Computer for RS-232 Download
It is necessary to configure your computer to correctly display the data downloaded.
Once this is accomplished, the operator can then sort the data in the excel file in any way
they prefer. The TR-220 Test Set utilizes a Hyper Terminal Program that is part of the
Microsoft Windows Operating System. If this is not installed on your computer, you can
obtain the program from the Microsoft Website or from your Windows Software the was
supplied with your Computer. The following describes a suggested way to configure your
computer to properly display the data.
NOTE
The following procedures are abbreviated and may not match your
operating system exactly; contact your computer administrator or
computer manufacturer for assistance.
1.
Select START on the computer desktop.
2.
Select PROGRAMS.
3.
Select ACCESSORIES.
4.
Select COMMUNICATIONS.
5.
Select HYPER TERMINAL.
6.
Enter a name for the Terminal Connection (e.g. – TR-220).
7.
Select CONNECT TO and pick the correct COM port you will be utilizing
on your computer. For most users, this will be COM1.
8.
Set the Port Settings to the following.
a. BIT PER SECOND – 4800
b. DATA BITS – 8
c. PARITY – None
d. STOP BITS – 1
e. FLOW CONTROL – Hardware
9.
Select APPLY.
10.
Select OK.
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Close the Program. You have not created a permanent short cut configured for
the TR-220 RS-232 download feature. You will not be required to repeat this
procedure. When preparing to download data, select the TR-220 Hyper Terminal
that should be located within the Hyper Terminal program selection dropdown.
2.19.2 Downloading the Data
Ensure the Test Set is OFF before connecting the Test Set to your computer.
1.
Connect a standard RS-232 extension cable (not supplied) to the RS232 connector located on the front panel of the Test Set and connect the
other ends to the COM Port that was selected paragraph 2.15.1 step 7
(typically COM1).
2.
On the computer, select the TR-220 Short Cut that was created in the
paragraph 2.15.1.
3.
Select TRANSFER from the Hyper-Terminal drop down menu.
4.
Select CAPTURE TEXT and save the file to your desktop
(recommended) and name the file to your preference but utilize a .csv
extension (for example - Serial Number 2345Date.csv). Select START.
5.
Press the MANUAL toggle switch on the Test Set to begin
downloading the data and observe the following:
TEL-INSTRUMENT
Transferring Data . . .
The data will download to the Hyper-Terminal program and can then be
observed on the computer display. Once all of the data has been
transferred, the Test Set will indicate:
Output Completed
Press MAN To Erase
Select TRANSFER on the Hyper-Terminal drop-down menu, then
CAPTURE TEXT and STOP. The data is now saved to the file. The
operator may now choose to erase the stored data on the Test Set by
toggling the MANUAL switch on the Test Set. Simply turn the Test Set
OFF if you desire to keep the file in the memory.
6.
Turn OFF the Test Set and disconnect the RS-232 cable.
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2.19.3 Loading the Data to a Microsoft Excel File
1.
Open up Microsoft Excel; do not double click on the file stored on the
computers Desktop. Select FILE then OPEN. Locate the file on the
Desktop (or wherever it was saved to) and open the file.
2.
Depending on the edition of Microsoft Excel you currently have, the file
may directly open and can then be organized as necessary. If the
IMPORT WIZARD opens, follow step 3, if the file opened properly, skip
to step 4.
3.
If the IMPORT FILE WIZARD opens, select a DELIMITED file then click
NEXT. Select COMMA-DELIMITED and deselect all others. Select
NEXT and FINISH.
4.
Once the file is loaded onto the Excel Spreadsheet, the operator can
choose how to organize and display the information. By selecting “Auto
Fit” options and selecting the appropriate Text, the operator can modify
the spacing between each block. Refer to the Excel help file for further
information.
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