Excell Ocean Specifications

Excell Ocean Specifications
Amy to r
HR4000 and HR4000CG-UV-NIR
Series Spectrometers
Installation and Operation Manual
For Products: HR4000/HR4000CG-UV-NIR
Document: 210-00000-000-02-201502
000-00000-000-02-A
AMERICAS & WORLD HEADQUARTERS
Phone: +1 727-733-2447
Fax: +1 727-733-3962
Ocean Optics, Inc.
Sales:
Orders:
Support:
Manufacturing & Logistics
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Dunedin, FL 34698
USA
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]
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Winter Park, FL 32792
USA
EUROPE, MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA
Sales & Support
Phone: +31 26-319-0500
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Email: [email protected]
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Manufacturing & Logistics
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ASIA
Phone: +86 21-6295-6600
Fax:
+86 21-6295-6708
Email: [email protected]
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Ocean Optics Asia
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PRC, 200336
www.oceanoptics.com
Copyright © 2008 Ocean Optics, Inc.
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, by any means, electronic,
mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without written permission from Ocean Optics, Inc.
Trademarks
All products and services herein are the trademarks, service marks, registered trademarks or registered service marks of their respective owners.
Limit of Liability
Every effort has been made to make this manual as complete and as accurate as possible, but no warranty or fitness is implied. The information
provided is on an “as is” basis. Ocean Optics, Inc. shall have neither liability nor responsibility to any person or entity with respect to any loss or
damages arising from the information contained in this manual.
Table of Contents
About This Manual......................................................................................................... iii
Document Purpose and Intended Audience.............................................................................. iii
What’s New in this Document ................................................................................................... iii
Document Summary .................................................................................................................. iii
Product-Related Documentation ............................................................................................... iii
Upgrades ....................................................................................................................... iv
Warranty ........................................................................................................................ iv
Chapter 1: Introduction ..................................................................... 1
Product Overview .......................................................................................................... 1
System Requirements ................................................................................................... 2
EEPROM Utilization .................................................................................................................. 2
Sampling System Overview....................................................................................................... 2
How Sampling Works ............................................................................................................ 2
Modular Sampling Accessories ............................................................................................. 3
Interface Options ........................................................................................................... 3
Breakout Box ............................................................................................................................. 3
Shipment Components .................................................................................................. 3
Other Accessories Available .......................................................................................... 4
Chapter 2: Installing the HR4000 ...................................................... 5
Overview ....................................................................................................................... 5
HR4000 Installation ....................................................................................................... 5
USB Mode ................................................................................................................................. 5
Serial Port Mode ........................................................................................................................ 6
HR4000 Configuration ................................................................................................... 6
External Triggering Options ........................................................................................... 6
Chapter 3: Troubleshooting .............................................................. 7
Overview ....................................................................................................................... 7
HR4000 Connected to Computer Prior to Operating Software Installation ..................... 7
Windows Operating Systems .................................................................................................... 7
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Table of Contents
Remove the Unknown Device from Windows Device Manager ........................................... 7
Remove Improperly Installed Files ........................................................................................ 8
Mac Operating Systems ............................................................................................................ 8
Linux Operating Systems .......................................................................................................... 9
Appendix A: Calibrating the Wavelength of the HR4000 ................ 11
Overview ....................................................................................................................... 11
About Wavelength Calibration ....................................................................................... 11
Calibrating the Spectrometer ......................................................................................... 12
Preparing for Calibration............................................................................................................ 12
Calibrating the Wavelength of the Spectrometer ...................................................................... 12
Saving the New Calibration Coefficients: USB Mode ..................................................... 14
Appendix B: Specifications............................................................... 15
Overview ....................................................................................................................... 15
How the HR4000 Works ................................................................................................ 15
HR4000 Components Table ...................................................................................................... 16
HR4000 Specifications .................................................................................................. 17
CCD Detector Specifications ..................................................................................................... 17
HR4000 Spectrometer ............................................................................................................... 17
System Compatibility ..................................................................................................... 18
Compatibility for Desktop or Notebook PCs .............................................................................. 18
30-Pin Accessory Connector Pinout .............................................................................. 19
30-Pin Accessory Connector Pinout Diagram ........................................................................... 19
30-Pin Accessory Connector – Pin Definitions and Descriptions .............................................. 19
30-Pin J2 Accessory Connector - Part Numbers....................................................................... 21
HR4000 15-Pin Accessory Cable Pinout ....................................................................... 22
Appendix C: HR4000CG-UV-NIR Spectrometer ............................... 24
HR4000CG-UV-NIR Features........................................................................................ 24
New HC-1 Landis Composite Grating ....................................................................................... 24
Variable Order-Sorting Filter...................................................................................................... 24
HR4000CG-UV-NIR Spectrometer Specifications.......................................................... 24
Index ................................................................................................... 26
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About This Manual
Document Purpose and Intended Audience
This document provides the user of HR4000 Series Spectrometers (both HR4000 and
HR4000CG-UV-NIR) with instructions for setting up, calibrating and performing experiments with their
spectrometer.
What’s New in this Document
This version of the HR4000 and HR4000CG-UV-NIR Series High-Resolution Fiber Optic Spectrometers
HR4000 / HR4000CG-UV-NIR Installation and Operation Manual updates information for OceanView.
Document Summary
Chapter
Description
Chapter 1: Introduction
Contains descriptive information about the HR4000
Spectrometer and how sampling works. It also provides a list
of system requirements, interface options, and shipment
components.
Chapter 2: Installing the HR4000
Provides installation and configuration instructions.
Chapter 3: Troubleshooting
Contains recommended steps to isolate and correct common
problems.
Appendix A: Calibrating the
Provides instructions for calibrating the HR4000 Series
Spectrometer.
Wavelength of the HR4000
Appendix B: Specifications
Contains technical specifications and connector pinouts for the
HR4000 Series Spectrometer.
Appendix C: HR4000CG-UV-NIR
Contains features and specifications unique to the
HR4000CG-UV-NIR Spectrometer.
Spectrometer
Product-Related Documentation
You can access documentation for Ocean Optics products by visiting our website at
http://www.oceanoptics.com. Select Technical Operating Instructions, then choose the appropriate
document from the available drop-down lists.
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iii
About This Manual
Document for…
Document Location
OceanView software
http://oceanoptics.com///wp-content/uploads/OceanViewIO.pdf
SpectraSuite software
http://oceanoptics.com///wp-content/uploads/SpectraSuite.pdf
HR-4 Breakout Box
http://oceanoptics.com///wp-content/uploads/HR-4-Breakout-Box.pdf
External triggering for
firmware versions
below 3.0
http://oceanoptics.com///wp-content/uploads/External-Triggering-Options.pdf
External triggering for
firmware versions 3.0
and above
http://oceanoptics.com///wp-content/uploads/External-TriggeringOptions_Firmware3.0andAbove.pdf
Ocean Optics offers a Glossary of spectroscopy terms to help you further understand your state-of-the-art
products and how they function, located at: http://oceanoptics.com/glossary/.
Upgrades
Occasionally, you may find that you need Ocean Optics to make a change or an upgrade to your system.
To facilitate these changes, you must first contact Customer Support and obtain a Return Merchandise
Authorization (RMA) number. Please contact Ocean Optics for specific instructions when returning a
product.
Warranty
Our 3-Year Warranty covers Ocean Optics miniature fiber optic spectrometers, light sources and
sampling accessories – regardless of the application – from manufacturing defects. It also covers fibers
and probes for a full 12 months: http://oceanoptics.com/services/exclusive-3-year-warranty/
This comprehensive warranty ensures you of the highest level of craftsmanship and reliability for years to
come. No other manufacturer offers such a solid guarantee of quality and reliability.
The Ocean Optics 3-Year Warranty applies to Ocean Optics equipment (excluding OEM configurations)
purchased on or after July 1, 2010. The warranty covers parts and labor needed to repair manufacturing
defects that occur during the warranty period. We also will cover the costs of shipping warranty-related
repairs from our customers to Ocean Optics and from us to our customers.
WARNING
This is a Class A product. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio
interference in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures.
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About This Manual
ISO Certification
Ocean Optics, the industry leader in miniature photonics, has been certified for ISO 9001:2008
certification applicable to the design and manufacture of electro-optical equipment since 2009.
WARNING
This is a Class A product. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio
interference in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures.
FCC COMPLIANCE
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A
digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to
provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is
operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses and can
radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful
interference in which the user will be required to correct the interference at his own
expense.
WARNING: The authority to operate this equipment is conditioned by the
requirement that no modifications will be made to the equipment unless the changes
or modifications are expressly approved by the manufacturer.
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About This Manual
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Chapter 1
Introduction
Product Overview
The HR4000 High-Resolution Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer provides optical resolution as good as
0.025 nm (FWHM). The HR4000 is responsive from 200-1100 nm, but the specific range and resolution
depends on your grating and entrance slit selections.
The HR4000 is perfect for applications where high resolution is necessary, such as absorbance of gases or
atomic emission lines (for solution chemistry or for color measurements, the USB4000 is more
appropriate).
Data programmed into a memory chip on each HR4000 includes wavelength calibration coefficients,
linearity coefficients, and the serial number unique to each spectrometer. Our spectrometer operating
software simply reads these values from the spectrometer — a feature that enables hot swapping of
spectrometers among computers.
The HR4000 Spectrometer connects to a notebook or desktop computer via USB port or serial port. When
connected to the USB port of a computer, the HR4000 draws power from the host computer, eliminating
the need for an external power supply. The HR4000, like all our USB devices, can be controlled by our
OceanView software, a Java-based spectroscopy software platform that operates on Windows, Macintosh
and Linux operating systems.
Ocean Optics HR4000 High-Resolution Fiber Optic Spectrometer
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1: Introduction
System Requirements
You can use the HR4000’s USB connectivity with any computer that meets the following requirements:
•
Microsoft Windows – Windows 2000/XP/7; 32-bit and 64-bit and Windows Vista (32-bit only)
•
•
Apple Macintosh –version 10.5 Intel or later
Linux – Any version released for an x86 or amd64 platform since 2010
Alternately, the HR4000 has serial port adaptability for connecting to PCs, PLCs, and other devices that
support the RS-232 communication protocol. However, this connection method requires an external
power supply to power the HR4000, the Breakout Box (HR4-BREAKOUT), and a serial cable.
EEPROM Utilization
An EEPROM memory chip in each HR4000 contains wavelength calibration coefficients, linearity
coefficients, and a serial number unique to each individual spectrometer. The software application reads
these values directly from the spectrometer, enabling the ability to “hot-swap” spectrometers between PCs
without entering the spectrometer coefficients manually on each PC.
About OceanView Software
OceanView is the latest generation of operating software for all Ocean Optics spectrometers. It is a
completely modular, Java-based spectroscopy software platform that operates on Windows, Macintosh
and Linux operating systems. The software can control any Ocean Optics USB spectrometer and device.
OceanView is a user-customizable, advanced acquisition and display program that provides a real-time
interface to a variety of signal-processing functions. With OceanView, you have the ability to perform
spectroscopic measurements (such as absorbance, reflectance, and emission), control all system
parameters, collect and display data in real time, and perform reference monitoring and time acquisition
experiments. Consult the OceanView manual for hardware requirements when using OceanView (see
Product-Related Documentation).
Sampling System Overview
How Sampling Works
Ocean Optics components function in a sampling system as follows:
1. The user stores reference and dark measurements to correct for instrument response variables.
2. The light from the light source transmits through an optical fiber to the sample.
3. The light interacts with the sample.
4. Another optical fiber collects and transmits the result of the interaction to the spectrometer.
5. The spectrometer measures the amount of light and transforms the data collected by the
spectrometer into digital information.
6. The spectrometer passes the sample information to spectrometer operating software.
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1: Introduction
7. The software compares the sample to the reference measurement and displays processed spectral
information.
Modular Sampling Accessories
Ocean Optics offers a complete line of spectroscopic accessories for use with the HR4000. Most of our
spectroscopic accessories have SMA connectors for application flexibility. Accordingly, changing the
sampling system components is as easy as unscrewing a connector and replacing an accessory.
Interface Options
The HR4000 has both USB and serial port connectors (with the use of an adapter), enabling you to
connect the spectrometer to a desktop or notebook PC via a USB port. However, you must create custom
software if using the serial port. OceanView software is available if you are connecting via the USB port.
Breakout Box
Ocean Optics also offers the Breakout Box (HR4-BREAKOUT), a passive module that separates the
signals from their 30-pin port to an array of standard connectors and headers, enabling easy access to a
variety of features found in Ocean Optics’ HR4000 Spectrometer. In addition to the accessory connector,
the breakout box features a circuit board based on a neutral breadboard pattern that allows custom
circuitry to be prototyped on the board itself.
Note
The HR4000 Breakout Box is compatible with HR4000 Spectrometers with Revision B
or greater. HR4000 Spectrometers with serial numbers beginning with HR4A are not
compatible with the HR4000 Breakout Box.
Shipment Components
The following information and documentation ships with the HR4000 Spectrometer:

Packing List
The packing list is inside a plastic bag attached to the outside of the shipment box (the invoice
arrives separately). It lists all items in the order, including customized components in the
spectrometer (such as the grating, detector collection lens, and slit). The packing list also includes
the shipping and billing addresses, as well as any items on back order.

Wavelength Calibration Data Sheet
Each spectrometer is shipped with a Wavelength Calibration Data Sheet that contains information
unique to your spectrometer. OceanView reads this calibration data from your spectrometer when
it interfaces to a computer via the USB port.
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1: Introduction
Note
Please save the Wavelength Calibration Data Sheet for future reference.
Other Accessories Available
Visit us at www.OceanOptics.com for a complete list of products available for all of your spectroscopy
needs.







4
Fibers
Light Sources
Integrated Sampling Systems
Cuvettes
Filter Holders
Lithium Ion Battery Pack
HR4-BREAKOUT Breakout Box
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Chapter 2
Installing the HR4000
Overview
You must install the operating software application prior to connecting the HR4000 Spectrometer to the
computer. The Ocean Optics spectrometer operating software installs the drivers required for the HR4000
spectrometer installation. If you do not install the software first, the system will not properly recognize
the HR4000.
If you have already connected the HR4000 to the computer prior to installing the operating software,
consult Chapter 3: Troubleshooting for information on correcting a corrupt HR4000 installation.
HR4000 Installation
This section contains instructions for connecting the HR4000 via both USB and serial modes.
USB Mode
Note
The USB port on a computer can power up to five HR4000 spectrometer channels.
Systems with more than five channels require a powered USB hub.
► Procedure
Follow the steps below to connect the HR4000 to a computer via the USB port:
1. Install the spectrometer operating software on the destination computer.
2. Locate the USB cable (USB-CBL-1) provided with the HR4000.
3. Insert the square end of the cable into the side of the HR4000.
4. Insert the rectangular end of the cable into the USB port of the PC.
If you installed the spectrometer operating software prior to connecting the HR4000, the software installs
the HR4000 drivers. If the drivers do not successfully install (or if you connected the HR4000 to the
computer before installing the software), consult Chapter 3: Troubleshooting.
Once you install the software and hardware, and establish your sampling system, you are ready to take
measurements.
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2: Installing the HR4000
Serial Port Mode
To use the serial port capacity of the HR4000 Spectrometer, the PC must be running a 32-bit version of
the Windows operating system.
► Procedure
Follow the steps below to connect the HR4000 to the PC via serial port:
1. Connect the serial cable adapter block to the appropriate pins of the HR4000’s 30-Pin Accessory
Connector.
2. Connect one end of the 9-pin serial cable to the adapter block on the HR4000, and then connect
the other end to a serial port on the PC.
3. Note the number of the serial port (COM Port) to which you connected the HR4000 (some PCs
may not have numbered ports; handheld PCs typically have only one serial port).
4. Plug the 5 VDC external power supply into an outlet and connect it to the HR4000.
Connect Spectroscopic Accessories
To find operating instructions for HR2000+-compatible products (such as light sources, sampling
chambers, and probes), consult the Ocean Optics website at http://oceanoptics.com/support/technicaldocuments/.
HR4000 Configuration
The HR4000 can be used with OceanView operating software when connected to the USB port.
If you have followed the previous steps and started OceanView, the spectrometer is already acquiring
data. Even with no light in the spectrometer, there should be a dynamic trace displayed in the bottom of
the graph. If you allow light into the spectrometer, the graph trace should rise with increasing light
intensity. This means the software and hardware are correctly installed.
External Triggering Options
You can trigger the HR4000 using a variety of External Triggering options through the 30-pin
Accessory Connector on the spectrometer. For HR4000 firmware versions below 3.0, see the
External Triggering Options document located at http://oceanoptics.com///wpcontent/uploads/External-Triggering-Options.pdf. For HR4000 firmware version 3.0 and above, see the
External Triggering Options document located at http://oceanoptics.com///wp-content/uploads/ExternalTriggering-Options_Firmware3.0andAbove.pdf. The triggering document contains instructions for
configuring External Triggering options for the HR4000.
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Chapter 3
Troubleshooting
Overview
The following sections contain information on troubleshooting issues you may encounter when using the
HR4000 Spectrometer.
HR4000 Connected to Computer Prior to
Operating Software Installation
Windows Operating Systems
If you connected your Ocean Optics HR4000 device to the computer prior to installing your spectrometer
operating software application, you may encounter installation issues that you must correct before your
Ocean Optics device will operate properly.
Follow the applicable steps below to remove the incorrectly installed device, device driver, and
installation files.
Note
If these procedures do not correct your device driver problem, you must obtain the
Correcting Device Driver Issues document from the Ocean Optics website:
http://oceanoptics.com///wp-content/uploads/Correcting-Device-Driver-Issues.pdf
Remove the Unknown Device from Windows Device Manager
► Procedure
1. Open Windows Device Manager. Consult the Windows operating instructions for your computer
for directions, if needed.
2. Locate the Other Devices option and expand the Other Devices selection by clicking on the "+"
sign to the immediate left.
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3: Troubleshooting
Note
Improperly installed USB devices can also appear under the Universal Serial Bus
Controller option. Be sure to check this location if you cannot locate the unknown device.
3. Locate the unknown device (marked with a large question mark). Right-click on the Unknown
Device listing and select the Uninstall or Remove option.
4. Click the OK button to continue. A warning box appears confirming the removal of the Unknown
Device. Click the OK button to confirm the device removal.
5. Disconnect the HR4000 from your computer.
6. Locate the section in this chapter that is appropriate to your operating system and perform the
steps in the following Remove Improperly Installed Files section.
Remove Improperly Installed Files
► Procedure
1. Open Windows Explorer.
2. Navigate to the Windows | INF directory.
Note
If the INF directory is not visible, you must disable the Hide System Files and Folders
and Hide File Extensions for Known File Types options in Windows Folder Options.
Access Windows Folder Options from Windows Explorer, under the Tools | Folder
Options menu selection.
3. Delete the OOI_USB.INF in the INF directory. If your computer is running either the Windows
2000 or XP operating system, you must also delete the OOI_USB.PNF file in the INF directory.
4. Navigate to the Windows | System32 | Drivers directory.
5. Delete the EZUSB.SYS file.
6. Reinstall your Ocean Optics application and reboot the system when prompted.
7. Plug in the USB device.
The system is now able to locate and install the correct drivers for the USB device.
Mac Operating Systems
Since there are no device files for the HR4000 Spectrometer in a Mac operating system, you should not
encounter any problems if you installed the spectrometer before the spectrometer operating software.
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3: Troubleshooting
Linux Operating Systems
For Linux operating systems, all you need to do is install the spectrometer operating software, then
unplug and replug in the spectrometer. Technically, the driver files for Linux simply give nonprivileged
users permission to use newly connected hardware. There isn’t any long-term harm to plugging in the
device before installing the software.
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3: Troubleshooting
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Appendix A
Calibrating the Wavelength of
the HR4000
Overview
This appendix describes how to calibrate the wavelength of your spectrometer. Though each spectrometer
is calibrated before it leaves Ocean Optics, the wavelength for all spectrometers will drift slightly as a
function of time and environmental conditions. Ocean Optics recommends periodically recalibrating the
HR4000.
About Wavelength Calibration
You are going to be solving the following equation, which shows that the relationship between pixel
number and wavelength is a third-order polynomial:
λp = I + C1 p + C2 p2 + C3 p3
Where:
λ = the wavelength of pixel p
I = the wavelength of pixel 0
C1 = the first coefficient (nm/pixel)
C2 = the second coefficient (nm/pixel2)
C3 = the third coefficient (nm/pixel3)
Rλ = the reference intensity at wavelength λ
You will be calculating the value for I and the three Cs.
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A: Calibrating the Wavelength of the HR4000
Calibrating the Spectrometer
Preparing for Calibration
To recalibrate the wavelength of your spectrometer, you need the following components:
•
A light source capable of producing spectral lines
Note
Ocean Optics’ HG-1 Mercury-Argon lamp is ideal for recalibration. If you do not have an
HG-1, you need a light source that produces several (at least 4-6) spectral lines in the
wavelength region of your spectrometer.
•
•
•
An HR4000 spectrometer
An optical fiber (for spectrometers without a built-in slit, a 50-µm fiber works best)
A spreadsheet program (Excel or Quattro Pro, for example) or a calculator that performs thirdorder linear regressions
Note
If you are using Microsoft Excel, choose Tools | Add-Ins and check AnalysisToolPak
and AnalysisTookPak-VBA.
Calibrating the Wavelength of the Spectrometer
► Procedure
Perform the steps below to calibrate the wavelength of the spectrometer:
1. Place the operating software into Quick View (Scope) mode and take a spectrum of your light
source. Adjust the integration time (or the A/D conversion frequency) until there are several
peaks on the screen that are not off-scale.
2. Move the cursor to one of the peaks and position the cursor so that it is at the point of maximum
intensity.
3. Record the pixel number that is displayed in the status bar or legend (located beneath the graph).
Repeat this step for all of the peaks in your spectrum.
4. Use the spreadsheet program or calculator to create a table like the one shown in the following
figure. In the first column, place the exact or true wavelength of the spectral lines that you used.
In the second column of this worksheet, place the observed pixel number. In the third column,
calculate the pixel number squared, and in the fourth column, calculate the pixel number cubed.
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A: Calibrating the Wavelength of the HR4000
Independent
Values Computed
from the Regression
Output
Dependent
Variables
Variable
True Wavelength (nm)
Pixel #
Pixel # 2
Pixel # 3
Predicted
Wavelength
Difference
253.65
296.73
302.15
313.16
334.15
365.02
404.66
407.78
435.84
546.07
576.96
579.07
696.54
706.72
727.29
738.40
751.47
175
296
312
342
402
490
604
613
694
1022
1116
1122
1491
1523
1590
1627
1669
30625
87616
97344
116964
161604
240100
364816
375769
481636
1044484
1245456
1258884
2223081
2319529
2528100
2647129
2785561
5359375
25934336
30371328
40001688
64964808
117649000
220348864
230346397
334255384
1067462648
1389928896
1412467848
3314613771
3532642667
4019679000
4306878883
4649101309
253.56
296.72
302.40
313.02
334.19
365.05
404.67
407.78
435.65
546.13
577.05
579.01
696.70
706.62
727.24
738.53
751.27
0.09
0.01
-0.25
0.13
-0.05
-0.04
-0.01
0.00
0.19
-0.06
-0.09
0.06
-0.15
0.10
0.06
-0.13
0.19
5. Use the spreadsheet or calculator to calculate the wavelength calibration coefficients. In the
spreadsheet program, find the functions to perform linear regressions.
•
•
If using Quattro Pro, look under Tools | Advanced Math
If using Excel, look under Analysis ToolPak
6. Select the true wavelength as the dependent variable (Y). Select the pixel number, pixel number
squared, and the pixel number cubed as the independent variables (X). After executing the
regression, you will obtain an output similar to the one shown below. Numbers of importance are
noted.
Regression Statistics
Multiple R
0.999999831
R Square
0.999999663
Adjusted R Square 0.999999607
Standard Error 0.125540214
Observations 22
R Squared
Intercept
Coefficients Standard Error
Intercept
190.473993
0.369047536
X Variable 1 0.36263983
0.001684745
X Variable 2-1.174416E-05
8.35279E-07
X Variable 3-2.523787E-09
2.656608E-10
First coefficient
Second coefficient
Third coefficient
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A: Calibrating the Wavelength of the HR4000
7. Record the Intercept, as well as the First, Second, and Third Coefficients. Additionally, look at
the value for R squared. It should be very close to 1. If not, you have most likely assigned one of
your wavelengths incorrectly.
Keep these values at hand.
Saving the New Calibration Coefficients: USB
Mode
Ocean Optics programs wavelength calibration coefficients unique to each HR4000 onto an EEPROM
memory chip in the HR4000.
You can overwrite old calibration coefficients on the EEPROM if you are using the HR4000 via the USB
port. If you are using the HR4000 via the serial port, consult the Saving the New Calibration Coefficients:
Serial Mode section later in this appendix.
► Procedure
To save wavelength calibration coefficients using the USB mode, perform the following steps:
1. Ensure that the HR4000 is connected to the PC and that you have closed all other applications.
2. Point your browser to http://oceanoptics.com/support/software-downloads/ and scroll down to
Microcode. Select USB EEPROM Programmer for your computer version.
3. Save the setup file to your computer.
4. Run the Setup.exe file to install the software. The Welcome screen appears.
5. Click the Next button. The Destination Location screen appears.
6. Accept the default installation location, or click the Browse button to specify a directory. Then,
click the Next button. The Program Manager Group screen appears.
7. Click the Next button. The Start Installation screen appears.
8. Click the Next button to begin the installation. Once the installation finishes, the Installation
Complete screen appears.
9. Click the Finish button and reboot the computer when prompted.
10. Navigate to the USB EEPROM Programmer from the Start menu and run the software.
11. Click on the desired HR4000 device displayed in the left pane of the USB Programmer screen.
12. Double-click on each of the calibration coefficients displayed in the right pane of the USB
Programmer screen and enter the new values acquired in Steps 5 and 6 of the Calibrating the
Wavelength of the Spectrometer section in this appendix.
13. Repeat Step 12 for all of the new values.
14. Click on the Save All Values button to save the information, and then Exit the USB Programmer
software.
The new wavelength calibration coefficients are now loaded onto the EEPROM memory chip on the
HR4000.
14
210-00000-000-02-201502
Appendix B
Specifications
Overview
This appendix contains information on spectrometer operation, specifications, and system compatibility.
It also includes accessory connector pinout diagrams and pin-specific information.
How the HR4000 Works
Below is a diagram of how light moves through the optical bench of an HR4000 Spectrometer. The
optical bench has no moving parts that can wear or break; all the components are fixed in place at the time
of manufacture. Items with an asterisk (*) are user-specified.
HR4000 Spectrometer with Components
See HR4000 Components Table on the following page for an explanation of the function of each
numbered component in the HR4000 Spectrometer in this diagram.
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15
B: HR4000 Specifications
HR4000 Components Table
Ocean Optics permanently secures all components in the HR4000 at the time of manufacture. Only Ocean
Optics technicians can replace interchangeable components, where noted.
Item
Name
Description
1
SMA
Connector
Secures the input fiber to the spectrometer. Light from the input fiber enters the
optical bench through this connector.
A dark piece of material containing a rectangular aperture, which is mounted directly
behind the SMA Connector. The size of the aperture regulates the amount of light
that enters the optical bench and controls spectral resolution.
2
Slit
You can also use the HR4000 without a Slit. In this configuration, the diameter of
the fiber connected to the HR4000 determines the size of the entrance aperture.
Only Ocean Optics technicians can change the Slit.
3
Filter
Restricts optical radiation to pre-determined wavelength regions. Light passes
through the Filter before entering the optical bench. Both bandpass and longpass
filters are available to restrict radiation to certain wavelength regions.
Only Ocean Optics technicians can change the Filter.
4
5
Collimating
Mirror
Grating
Focuses light entering the optical bench towards the Grating of the spectrometer.
Light enters the spectrometer, passes through the SMA Connector, Slit, and Filter,
and then reflects off the Collimating Mirror onto the Grating.
Diffracts light from the Collimating Mirror and directs the diffracted light onto the
Focusing Mirror. Gratings are available in different groove densities, allowing you to
specify wavelength coverage and resolution in the spectrometer.
Only Ocean Optics technicians can change the Grating.
6
Focusing
Mirror
Receives light reflected from the Grating and focuses the light onto the CCD
Detector or L2 Detector Collection Lens (depending on the spectrometer
configuration).
An optional component that attaches to the CCD Detector. It focuses light from a tall
slit onto the shorter CCD Detector elements.
7
L2 Detector
Collection
Lens
The L2 Detector Collection Lens should be used with large diameter slits or in
applications with low light levels. It also improves efficiency by reducing the effects
of stray light.
Only Ocean Optics technicians can add or remove the L2 Detection Collection Lens.
8
16
CCD
Detector
(UV or VIS)
Collects the light received from the Focusing Mirror or L2 Detector Collection Lens
and converts the optical signal to a digital signal.
Each pixel on the CCD Detector responds to the wavelength of light that strikes it,
creating a digital response. The spectrometer then transmits the digital signal to the
spectrometer operating software application.
210-00000-000-02-201502
B: HR4000 Specifications
HR4000 Specifications
The following sections provide specification information for the CCD detector in the HR4000, as well as
the HR4000 Spectrometer itself. HR4000CG-UV-NIR specifications are listed in Appendix C:
HR4000CG-UV-NIR Spectrometer.
CCD Detector Specifications
Specification
Value
Detector
Toshiba TCD1304AP linear CCD array
No. of elements
3648 pixels
Sensitivity
100 photons per count at 800 nm
Pixel size
8 µm x 200 µm
Pixel well depth
-100,000 electrons
Signal-to-noise ratio
300:1 (at full signal)
A/D resolution
14 bit
Dark noise
8 RMS counts
Corrected linearity
>99.8%
Maximum pixel rate
Rate at which pixels are digitized is 1 MHz
HR4000 Spectrometer
Specification
Value
Dimensions
148.6 mm x 104.8 mm x 45.1 mm
Weight
570 g
Power consumption
450 mA @ 5 VDC
Detector
3648-element linear silicon CCD array
Detector range
200-1100 nm
Gratings
14 gratings available
Entrance aperture
5, 10, 25, 50, 100 or 200 µm wide slits
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17
B: HR4000 Specifications
Specification
Value
Order-sorting filters
Installed longpass and bandpass filters
Focal length
f/4, 101 mm
Optical resolution
Depends on grating and size of entrance aperture
Stray light
<0.05% at 600 nm; <0.10% at 435 nm
Dynamic range
2 x 10 (system); 2000:1 for a single acquisition
Fiber optic connector
SMA 905 to single-strand optical fiber (0.22 NA)
Data transfer rate
Full scans into memory every 4 milliseconds with USB 2.0 port,
every 600 milliseconds with the serial port
Integration time
3.8 ms to 10 seconds
Interfaces
USB 2.0, 480 Mbps (USB 1.1 compatible); RS-232 (2-wire); SPI
2
(3-wire); I C Inter-Integrated Circuit 2-wire serial bus
9
Operating systems:
USB Port
Windows 7/Vista/XP, Mac OS X, and Linux
Serial Port
Any 32-bit Windows operating system
Onboard GPIO
10 user-programmable digital I/Os
Analog channels
One 13-bit analog input and one 9-bit analog output
System Compatibility
The following sections provide information on hardware and software requirements for the HR4000.
Compatibility for Desktop or Notebook PCs
To use the HR4000, you must have a PC that meets the following minimum requirements:
•
•
•
•
•
18
Microsoft Windows: Windows 2000/XP/7; 32-bit and 64-bit and Windows Vista (32-bit only)
Apple Macintosh: OS X version 10.0 or later
Linux: Any version released for an x86 or amd64 platform since 2010
Computer interfaces: USB 2.0 @ 480 Mbps; RS-232 (2-wire) @ 115.2 K baud
Peripheral interfaces: I2C inter-integrated circuit
210-00000-000-02-201502
B: HR4000 Specifications
30-Pin Accessory Connector Pinout
The HR4000 features a 30-pin Accessory Connector, located on the side of the unit as shown:
30-Pin Connector
Location of HR4000 30-Pin Accessory Connector
30-Pin Accessory Connector Pinout Diagram
When facing the 30-pin Accessory Connector on the front of the vertical wall of the HR4000, pin
numbering is as follows:
USB
Port
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
29
30-Pin Accessory Connector Pinout Diagram
30-Pin Accessory Connector – Pin Definitions and
Descriptions
The following table contains information regarding the function of each pin in the HR4000’s 30-Pin
Accessory Connector:
Pin
#
Function
Input/Output
Description
1
RS232 Rx
Input
RS232 receive signal – Communicates with a PC over DB9 Pin 3
2
RS232 Tx
Output
RS232 transmit signal – Communicates with a PC over DB9 Pin 2
3
GPIO (2)
Input/Output
General purpose software-programmable, digital input/output
(channel number)
4
V5_SW
Output
Regulated 5 Volt power pin – Supplies 50 mA (maximum)
5
Ground
Input/Output
Ground
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19
B: HR4000 Specifications
Pin
#
Function
6
Input/Output
Description
I C SCL
Input/Output
I C clock signal for communication to other I C peripherals
7
GPIO (0)
Input/Output
General purpose software-programmable, digital input/output
(channel number)
8
I C SDA
Input/Output
I C data signal for communication to other I C peripherals
9
GPIO (1)
Input/Output
General purpose software-programmable, digital input/output
(channel number)
10
Ext.
Trigger In
Input
TTL input trigger signal – See External Triggering Options document
for info.
11
GPIO (3)
Input/Output
General purpose software-programmable, digital input/output
(channel number)
12
VCC, VUSB,
or 5VIN
Input or
Output
Input power pin for HR4000 – When operating via USB, this pin can
power other peripherals – Ensure that peripherals comply with USB
specifications
13
SPI Data
Out
Output
SPI Master Out Slave In (MOSI) signal for communication to other
SPI peripherals
14
VCC, VUSB,
or 5VIN
Input or
Output
Input power pin for HR4000 – When operating via USB, this pin can
power other peripherals – Ensure that peripherals comply with USB
specifications
15
SPI Data
In
Input
SPI Master In Slave Out (MISO) signal for communication to other
SPI peripherals
16
GPIO (4)
Input /Output
General purpose software-programmable, digital input/output
(channel number)
17
Single
Strobe
Output
TTL output pulse used as a strobe signal – Has a programmable
delay relative to the beginning of the spectrometer integration period
18
GPIO (5)
Input/Output
General purpose software-programmable, digital input/output
(channel number)
19
SPI Clock
Output
SPI clock signal for communication to other SPI peripherals
20
Continuou
s Strobe
Output
TTL output signal used to pulse a strobe – Divided down from the
master clock signal
21
SPI Chip
Select
Output
SPI Chip/Device Select signal for communication to other SPI
peripherals
22
GPIO (6)
Input/Output
General purpose software-programmable, digital input/output
(channel number)
20
2
2
2
2
2
2
210-00000-000-02-201502
B: HR4000 Specifications
Pin
#
Function
Input/Output
Description
23
Analog In
(0-5V)
Input
13-bit analog-to-digital input with a 0-5V range
24
Analog
Out (0-5V)
Output
9-bit programmable output voltage with a 0-5V range
25
Lamp
Enable
Output
TTL signal driven Active HIGH when the Lamp Enable command is
sent to the spectrometer
26
GPIO (7)
Input/Output
General purpose software-programmable, digital input/output
(channel number)
27
Ground
Input/Output
Ground
28
GPIO (8)
Input/Output
General purpose software-programmable, digital input/output
(channel number)
29
Ground
Input/Output
Ground
30
GPIO (9)
Input/Output
General purpose software-programmable, digital input/output
(channel number)
30-Pin J2 Accessory Connector - Part Numbers
The part numbers for the 30-pin accessory connector on the HR4000 Spectrometer are as follows:
•
The connector is Pak50™ model from 3M Corp. Headed Connector – Part Number
P50–030P1–RR1–TG.
• The mating connector is Part Number P50–030S–TGF.
• Mating the two components requires two 1.27 mm (50 mil) flat ribbon cables (3M 3365 Series is
recommended).
If you are customizing your HR4000 Spectrometer system or configuring External Triggering, you may
need these part numbers to complete your setup.
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21
B: HR4000 Specifications
HR4000 15-Pin Accessory Cable Pinout
Pin #
Description
Pin #
Description
1
Single_strobe
9
GPIO-9
2
ContStrobe
10
GND_SIGNAL
3
V5_SW
11
SDA
4
ExtTrigIn
12
SCL
5
ExtTrigIn
13
LampEnable
6
GPIO-8
14
A_IN
7
A_OUT
15
GPIO-7
8
ExtTrigIn
22
210-00000-000-02-201502
B: HR4000 Specifications
210-00000-000-02-201502
23
Appendix C
HR4000CG-UV-NIR Spectrometer
The HR4000CG-UV-NIR Composite Grating Spectrometer has a new proprietary grating and ordersorting filter to provide a 200-1100 nm wavelength range with 0.5 nm optical resolution in one
spectrometer.
The HR4000-CG-UV-NIR is functionally similar to the standard HR4000 Spectrometer. Follow the
instructions in Chapter 2: Installing the HR4000 to configure the HR4000CG-UV-NIR.
HR4000CG-UV-NIR Features
The HR4000CG-UV-NIR contains the following features that differ from the standard HR4000:
New HC-1 Landis Composite Grating
The HR4000CG-UV-NIR uses the new HC-1 Landis grating designed to provide a 200-1100 nm
wavelength range. The HC-1 is fixed in place at the time of manufacture.
Variable Order-Sorting Filter
The HR4000CG-UV-NIR contains a new OFLV-200-1000 variable order sorting filter to eliminate
second and third order effects.
HR4000CG-UV-NIR Spectrometer Specifications
Specification
Value
Dimensions:
148.6 mm x 104.8 mm x 45.1 mm
Weight
570 g
Power consumption
450 mA @ 5 VDC
Detector
3648-element linear silicon CCD array
Wavelength range
200-1100 nm
Optical resolution
0.75 nm FWHM
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24
B: HR4000 Specifications
Specification
Value
Gratings
HC-1, 300 lines per nm grating
Entrance aperture
5 µm-wide slit
Order-sorting filters
OFLV-200-1100 installed
Focal length
f/4, 101 mm
Dynamic range
2 X 10 (system); 2000:1 for a single acquisition
Stray light
<0.05% at 600 nm; <0.10% at 435 nm
Fiber optic connector
SMA 905 to single-strand optical fiber (0.22 NA)
Data transfer rate
Full scans into memory every 4 milliseconds with the USB 2.0,
every 18 ms with the USB 1.1, every 600 milliseconds with the
serial port
Integration time
9
Continuous – 4 milliseconds to 20 seconds
Shutter – 10 microseconds to 4 milliseconds
Onboard GPIO
10 user-programmable digital I/Os
Analog channels
One 13-bit analog input and one 9-bit analog output
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25
Index
Numbers
15-pin accessory cable
pinouts, 23
30-pin accessory connector
diagram, 20
part numbers, 22
pin definitions, 20
A
E
EEPROM, 2
External Triggering, 6
F
filter, 17, 25
focusing mirror, 17
G
accessories, 4, 6
Accessories, 3
accessory connector
pinout, 20
B
grating, 17
C
HC-1 Landis Composite Grating, 25
HR4000
specifications, 18
HR4000CG-UV-NIR, 25
features, 25
HR4000CG-UV-NIR Spectrometer
specifications, 25
breakout box, 3
Calibrating, iii, 11
calibration, 11
preparing for, 12
procedure, 12
calibration coefficients
saving in USB mode, 14
CCD, 18
CCD Detector, 17
collimating mirror, 17
compatibility, 19
Desktop or Notebook PCs, 19
Components Table, 17
D
detector, 18
Detector Collection Lens, 17
document
audience, iii
210-00000-000-02-201502
purpose, iii
summary, iii
H
I
Installation, 5
Serial Port mode, 6
USB mode, 5
installed filter, 17
Interface, 3
ISO certification, v
L
L2 Detector Collection Lens, 17
Lens, 17
26
B: HR4000 Specifications
M
memory chip, 2
mirror, 17
O
T
Triggering, 6
troubleshooting
Linux systems, 9
Mac systems, 8
Troubleshooting, 7
U
OceanView, 2
Options
Interface, 3
P
packing list, 3
power supply (external), 2
product-related documentation, iii
S
Sampling
Accessories, 3
System, 2
Serial Port mode, 6
setup, 5
shipment components, 3
slit, 17
SMA Connector, 17
specifications, 16
detector, 18
HR4000, 18
HR4000CG-UV-NIR Spectrometer, 25
spectroscopic accessories, 6
System Requirements, 2
210-00000-000-02-201502
upgrades, iv
USB mode, 5
W
warranty, iv
Wavelength Calibration
about, 11
Wavelength Calibration Data File, 3
Wavelength Calibration Data Sheet, 3
what's new, iii
27
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