datasheet for PLMSEPC

datasheet for PLMSEPC
Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices
Datasheet
C51014-5.0
Datasheet
This datasheet describes serial configuration (EPCS) devices.
Supported Devices
Table 1 lists the supported Altera EPCS devices.
Table 1. Altera EPCS Devices
Memory Size
(bits)
On-Chip
Decompression
Support
ISP Support
Cascading
Support
Reprogrammable
Recommended
Operating
Voltage (V)
EPCS1
1,048,576
No
Yes
No
Yes
3.3
EPCS4
4,194,304
No
Yes
No
Yes
3.3
EPCS16
16,777,216
No
Yes
No
Yes
3.3
EPCS64
67,108,864
No
Yes
No
Yes
3.3
EPCS128
134,217,728
No
Yes
No
Yes
3.3
Device
f For more information about programming EPCS devices using the Altera
Programming Unit (APU) or Master Programming Unit (MPU), refer to the Altera
Programming Hardware Datasheet.
f The EPCS device can be re-programmed in system with ByteBlaster II download
cable or an external microprocessor using SRunner. For more information, refer to
AN418: SRunner: An Embedded Solution for Serial Configuration Device Programming.
Features
EPCS devices offer the following features:
101 Innovation Drive
San Jose, CA 95134
www.altera.com
January 2014
■
Supports active serial (AS) x1 configuration scheme
■
Easy-to-use four-pin interface
■
Low cost, low pin count, and non-volatile memory
■
Low current during configuration and near-zero standby mode current
■
2.7-V to 3.6-V operation
■
EPCS1, EPCS4, and EPCS16 devices available in 8-pin small-outline integrated
circuit (SOIC) package
■
EPCS64 and EPCS128 devices available in 16-pin SOIC package
© 2014 Altera Corporation. All rights reserved. ALTERA, ARRIA, CYCLONE, HARDCOPY, MAX, MEGACORE, NIOS,
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respective holders as described at www.altera.com/common/legal.html. Altera warrants performance of its semiconductor
products to current specifications in accordance with Altera's standard warranty, but reserves the right to make changes to any
products and services at any time without notice. Altera assumes no responsibility or liability arising out of the application or use
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Page 2
Functional Description
■
Enables the Nios processor to access unused flash memory through AS memory
interface
■
Reprogrammable memory with more than 100,000 erase or program cycles
■
Write protection support for memory sectors using status register bits
■
In-system programming (ISP) support with SRunner software driver
■
ISP support with USB-Blaster, EthernetBlaster, or ByteBlaster II download cables
■
Additional programming support with the APU and programming hardware
from BP Microsystems, System General, and other vendors
■
By default, the memory array is erased and the bits are set to 1
Functional Description
To configure a system using an SRAM-based device, each time you power on the
device, you must load the configuration data. The EPCS device is a flash memory
device that can store configuration data that you use for FPGA configuration purpose
after power on. You can use the EPCS device on all FPGA that support AS x1
configuration scheme.
For an 8-pin SOIC package, you can migrate vertically from the EPCS1 device to the
EPCS4 or EPCS16 device. For a 16-pin SOIC package, you can migrate vertically from
the EPCS64 device to the EPCS128 device.
With the new data decompression feature supported, you can determine using which
EPCS device to store the configuration data for configuring your FPGA.
Example 1 shows how you can calculate the compression ratio to determine which
EPCS device is suitable for the FPGA.
Example 1. Compression Ratio Calculation
EP4SGX530 = 189,000,000 bits
EPCS128 = 134,217,728 bits
Preliminary data indicates that compression typically reduces the
configuration bitstream size by 35% to 55%. Assume worst case that is 35%
decompression.
189,000,000 bits x 0.65 = 122,850,000 bits
The EPCS128 device is suitable.
f For more information about the FPGA decompression feature, refer to the
configuration chapter in the appropriate device handbook.
Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
January 2014
Altera Corporation
Active Serial FPGA Configuration
Page 3
Figure 1 shows the EPCS device block diagram.
Figure 1. EPCS Device Block Diagram
EPCS Device
nCS
Control
Logic
DCLK
DATA
I/O Shift
Register
Address Counter
Data Buffer
Decode Logic
Memory
Array
ASDI
Status Register
Accessing Memory in EPCS Devices
You can access the unused memory locations of the EPCS device to store or retrieve
data through the Nios processor and SOPC Builder. SOPC Builder is an Altera tool for
creating bus-based (especially microprocessor-based) systems in Altera devices.
SOPC Builder assembles library components such as processors and memories into
custom microprocessor systems.
SOPC Builder includes the EPCS device controller core, which is an interface core
designed specifically to work with the EPCS device. With this core, you can create a
system with a Nios embedded processor that allows software access to any memory
location within the EPCS device.
Active Serial FPGA Configuration
The following Altera FPGAs support the AS configuration scheme with EPCS devices:
■
Arria series
■
Cyclone series
■
All device families in the Stratix series except the Stratix device family
There are four signals on the EPCS device that interface directly with the FPGA’s
control signals. The EPCS device signals are DATA, DCLK, ASDI, and nCS interface with
the DATA0, DCLK, ASDO, and nCSO control signals on the FPGA, respectively.
1
January 2014
For more information about the EPCS device pin description, refer to Table 23 on
page 36.
Altera Corporation
Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
Page 4
Active Serial FPGA Configuration
Figure 2 shows the configuration of an FPGA device in the AS configuration scheme
with an EPCS device using a download cable.
Figure 2. Altera FPGA Configuration in AS Mode Using a Download Cable
VCC (1)
10 kΩ
(1), (4)
VCC (1) VCC (1)
10 kΩ
10 kΩ
Altera FPGA
CONF_DONE
nSTATUS
nCEO
N.C.
nCONFIG
EPCS Device (2)
nCE
MSEL[]
(3)
10 kΩ
DATA
DATA0
DCLK
DCLK
nCS
nCSO
ASDI
ASDO
Pin 1
VCC (1)
Notes to Figure 2:
(1) For more information about the VCC value, refer to the configuration chapter in the appropriate device handbook.
(2) EPCS devices cannot be cascaded.
(3) Connect the MSEL[] input pins to select the AS configuration mode. For more information, refer to the configuration chapter in the appropriate
device handbook.
(4) For more information about configuration pin I/O requirements in an AS configuration scheme for an Altera FPGA, refer to the configuration
chapter in the appropriate device handbook.
Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
January 2014
Altera Corporation
Active Serial FPGA Configuration
Page 5
Figure 3 shows the configuration of an FPGA device in the AS configuration scheme
with an EPCS device using the APU or a third-party programmer.
Figure 3. Altera FPGA Configuration in AS Mode Using APU or a Third-party Programmer (1),
VCC (1)
10 kΩ
(4)
VCC (1) VCC (1)
10 kΩ
10 kΩ
Altera FPGA
CONF_DONE
nSTATUS
nCEO
N.C.
nCONFIG
EPCS Device (2)
nCE
DATA
DATA0
DCLK
DCLK
nCS
nCSO
ASDI
ASDO
MSEL[]
(3)
Notes to Figure 3:
(1) For more information about the VCC value, refer to the configuration chapter in the appropriate device handbook.
(2) EPCS devices cannot be cascaded.
(3) Connect the MSEL[] input pins to select the AS configuration mode. For more information, refer to the configuration chapter in the appropriate
device handbook.
(4) For more information about configuration pin I/O requirements in an AS configuration scheme for an Altera FPGA, refer to the configuration
chapter in the appropriate device handbook.
In an AS configuration, the FPGA acts as the configuration master in the
configuration flow and provides the clock to the EPCS device. The FPGA enables the
EPCS device by pulling the nCS signal low using the nCSO signal as shown in Figure 2
and Figure 3. Then, the FPGA sends the instructions and addresses to the EPCS device
using the ASDO signal. The EPCS device responds to the instructions by sending the
configuration data to the FPGA’s DATA0 pin on the falling edge of DCLK. The data is
latched into the FPGA on the next DCLK signal’s falling edge.
1
Before the FPGA enters configuration mode, ensure that VCC of the EPCS device is
ready. If V CC is not ready, you must hold nCONFIG low until all power rails of EPCS
device are ready.
The FPGA controls the nSTATUS and CONF_DONE pins during configuration in the AS
mode. If the CONF_DONE signal does not go high at the end of configuration, or if the
signal goes high too early, the FPGA pulses its nSTATUS pin low to start a
reconfiguration. If the configuration is successful, the FPGA releases the CONF_DONE
pin, allowing the external 10-k resistor to pull the CONF_DONE signal high. The FPGA
initialization begins after the CONF_DONE pin goes high. After the initialization, the
FPGA enters user mode.
f For more information about configuring the FPGAs in AS configuration mode or
other configuration modes, refer to the configuration chapter in the appropriate
device handbook.
January 2014
Altera Corporation
Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
Page 6
Active Serial FPGA Configuration
You can configure multiple devices with a single EPCS device. However, you cannot
cascade EPCS devices. To ensure that the programming file size of the cascaded
FPGAs does not exceed the capacity of an EPCS device, refer to Table 1 on page 1.
Figure 4 shows the AS configuration scheme with multiple FPGAs in the chain. The
first FPGA is the configuration master and its MSEL[] pins are set to AS mode. The
following FPGAs are configuration slave devices and their MSEL[] pins are set to PS
mode.
Figure 4. Multiple Devices in AS Mode (1),
(5)
VCC (1)
10 kΩ
VCC (1)
10 kΩ
VCC (1)
10 kΩ
Altera FPGA (Master)
Altera FPGA (Slave)
CONF_DONE
CONF_DONE
nSTATUS
nSTATUS
nCONFIG
nCONFIG
EPCS Device (2)
nCE
MSEL[ ]
nCEO
nCE
nCEO
MSEL[ ]
(3)
DATA
DATA0
DATA0
DCLK
DCLK
DCLK
nCS
nCSO
ASDI
ASDO
N.C.
(4)
Notes to Figure 4:
(1) For more information about the VCC value, refer to the configuration chapter in the appropriate device handbook.
(2) EPCS devices cannot be cascaded.
(3) Connect the MSEL[] input pins to select the AS configuration mode. For more information, refer to the configuration chapter in the appropriate
device handbook.
(4) Connect the MSEL[] input pins to select the PS configuration mode. For more information, refer to the configuration chapter in the appropriate
device handbook.
(5) For more information about configuration pin I/O requirements in an AS configuration scheme for an Altera FPGA, refer to the configuration
chapter in the appropriate device handbook.
Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
January 2014
Altera Corporation
EPCS Device Memory Access
Page 7
EPCS Device Memory Access
This section describes the memory array organization and operation codes of the
EPCS device. For the timing specifications, refer to “Timing Information” on page 29.
Memory Array Organization
Table 2 lists the memory array organization details in EPCS128, EPCS64, EPCS16,
EPCS4, and EPCS1 devices.
Table 2. Memory Array Organization in EPCS Devices
Details
EPCS128
EPCS64
EPCS16
EPCS4
EPCS1
16,777,216 bytes
(128 Mb)
8,388,608 bytes
(64 Mb)
2,097,152 bytes
(16 Mb)
524,288 bytes
(4 Mb)
131,072 bytes
(1 Mb)
64
128
32
8
4
Bytes per sector
262,144 bytes
(2 Mb)
65,536 bytes
(512 Kb)
65,536 bytes
(512 Kb)
65,536 bytes
(512 Kb)
32,768 bytes
(256 Kb)
Pages per sector
1,024
256
256
256
128
Total number of
pages
65,536
32,768
8,192
2,048
512
Bytes per page
256 bytes
256 bytes
256 bytes
256 bytes
256 bytes
Bytes
Number of sectors
Table 3 through Table 7 on page 12 list the address range for each sector in EPCS1,
EPCS4, EPCS16, EPCS64, and EPCS128 devices.
Table 3. Address Range for Sectors in EPCS1 Devices
Address Range (byte Addresses in HEX)
Sector
Start
End
3
H’18000
H’1FFFF
2
H’10000
H’17FFF
1
H’08000
H’0FFFF
0
H’00000
H’07FFF
Table 4. Address Range for Sectors in EPCS4 Devices
Address Range (Byte Addresses in HEX)
Sector
January 2014
Altera Corporation
Start
End
7
H'70000
H'7FFFF
6
H'60000
H'6FFFF
5
H'50000
H'5FFFF
4
H'40000
H'4FFFF
3
H'30000
H'3FFFF
2
H'20000
H'2FFFF
1
H'10000
H'1FFFF
0
H'00000
H'0FFFF
Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
Page 8
EPCS Device Memory Access
Table 5. Address Range for Sectors in EPCS16 Devices
Address Range (Byte Addresses in HEX)
Sector
Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
Start
End
31
H'1F0000
H'1FFFFF
30
H'1E0000
H'1EFFFF
29
H'1D0000
H'1DFFFF
28
H'1C0000
H'1CFFFF
27
H'1B0000
H'1BFFFF
26
H'1A0000
H'1AFFFF
25
H'190000
H'19FFFF
24
H'180000
H'18FFFF
23
H'170000
H'17FFFF
22
H'160000
H'16FFFF
21
H'150000
H'15FFFF
20
H'140000
H'14FFFF
19
H'130000
H'13FFFF
18
H'120000
H'12FFFF
17
H'110000
H'11FFFF
16
H'100000
H'10FFFF
15
H'0F0000
H'0FFFFF
14
H'0E0000
H'0EFFFF
13
H'0D0000
H'0DFFFF
12
H'0C0000
H'0CFFFF
11
H'0B0000
H'0BFFFF
10
H'0A0000
H'0AFFFF
9
H'090000
H'09FFFF
8
H'080000
H'08FFFF
7
H'070000
H'07FFFF
6
H'060000
H'06FFFF
5
H'050000
H'05FFFF
4
H'040000
H'04FFFF
3
H'030000
H'03FFFF
2
H'020000
H'02FFFF
1
H'010000
H'01FFFF
0
H'000000
H'00FFFF
January 2014
Altera Corporation
EPCS Device Memory Access
Page 9
Table 6. Address Range for Sectors in EPCS64 Devices (Part 1 of 4)
Address Range (Byte Addresses in HEX)
Sector
January 2014
Altera Corporation
Start
End
127
H'7F0000
H'7FFFFF
126
H'7E0000
H'7EFFFF
125
H'7D0000
H'7DFFFF
124
H'7C0000
H'7CFFFF
123
H'7B0000
H'7BFFFF
122
H'7A0000
H'7AFFFF
121
H'790000
H'79FFFF
120
H'780000
H'78FFFF
119
H'770000
H'77FFFF
118
H'760000
H'76FFFF
117
H'750000
H'75FFFF
116
H'740000
H'74FFFF
115
H'730000
H'73FFFF
114
H'720000
H'72FFFF
113
H'710000
H'71FFFF
112
H'700000
H'70FFFF
111
H'6F0000
H'6FFFFF
110
H'6E0000
H'6EFFFF
109
H'6D0000
H'6DFFFF
108
H'6C0000
H'6CFFFF
107
H'6B0000
H'6BFFFF
106
H'6A0000
H'6AFFFF
105
H'690000
H'69FFFF
104
H'680000
H'68FFFF
103
H'670000
H'67FFFF
102
H'660000
H'66FFFF
101
H'650000
H'65FFFF
100
H'640000
H'64FFFF
99
H'630000
H'63FFFF
98
H'620000
H'62FFFF
97
H'610000
H'61FFFF
96
H'600000
H'60FFFF
95
H'5F0000
H'5FFFFF
94
H'5E0000
H'5EFFFF
93
H'5D0000
H'5DFFFF
92
H'5C0000
H'5CFFFF
91
H'5B0000
H'5BFFFF
90
H'5A0000
H'5AFFFF
Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
Page 10
EPCS Device Memory Access
Table 6. Address Range for Sectors in EPCS64 Devices (Part 2 of 4)
Address Range (Byte Addresses in HEX)
Sector
Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
Start
End
89
H'590000
H'59FFFF
88
H'580000
H'58FFFF
87
H'570000
H'57FFFF
86
H'560000
H'56FFFF
85
H'550000
H'55FFFF
84
H'540000
H'54FFFF
83
H'530000
H'53FFFF
82
H'520000
H'52FFFF
81
H'510000
H'51FFFF
80
H'500000
H'50FFFF
79
H'4F0000
H'4FFFFF
78
H'4E0000
H'4EFFFF
77
H'4D0000
H'4DFFFF
76
H'4C0000
H'4CFFFF
75
H'4B0000
H'4BFFFF
74
H'4A0000
H'4AFFFF
73
H'490000
H'49FFFF
72
H'480000
H'48FFFF
71
H'470000
H'47FFFF
70
H'460000
H'46FFFF
69
H'450000
H'45FFFF
68
H'440000
H'44FFFF
67
H'430000
H'43FFFF
66
H'420000
H'42FFFF
65
H'410000
H'41FFFF
64
H'400000
H'40FFFF
63
H'3F0000
H'3FFFFF
62
H'3E0000
H'3EFFFF
61
H'3D0000
H'3DFFFF
60
H'3C0000
H'3CFFFF
59
H'3B0000
H'3BFFFF
58
H'3A0000
H'3AFFFF
57
H'390000
H'39FFFF
56
H'380000
H'38FFFF
55
H'370000
H'37FFFF
54
H'360000
H'36FFFF
53
H'350000
H'35FFFF
52
H'340000
H'34FFFF
January 2014
Altera Corporation
EPCS Device Memory Access
Page 11
Table 6. Address Range for Sectors in EPCS64 Devices (Part 3 of 4)
Address Range (Byte Addresses in HEX)
Sector
January 2014
Altera Corporation
Start
End
51
H'330000
H'33FFFF
50
H'320000
H'32FFFF
49
H'310000
H'31FFFF
48
H'300000
H'30FFFF
47
H'2F0000
H'2FFFFF
46
H'2E0000
H'2EFFFF
45
H'2D0000
H'2DFFFF
44
H'2C0000
H'2CFFFF
43
H'2B0000
H'2BFFFF
42
H'2A0000
H'2AFFFF
41
H'290000
H'29FFFF
40
H'280000
H'28FFFF
39
H'270000
H'27FFFF
38
H'260000
H'26FFFF
37
H'250000
H'25FFFF
36
H'240000
H'24FFFF
35
H'230000
H'23FFFF
34
H'220000
H'22FFFF
33
H'210000
H'21FFFF
32
H'200000
H'20FFFF
31
H'1F0000
H'1FFFFF
30
H'1E0000
H'1EFFFF
29
H'1D0000
H'1DFFFF
28
H'1C0000
H'1CFFFF
27
H'1B0000
H'1BFFFF
26
H'1A0000
H'1AFFFF
25
H'190000
H'19FFFF
24
H'180000
H'18FFFF
23
H'170000
H'17FFFF
22
H'160000
H'16FFFF
21
H'150000
H'15FFFF
20
H'140000
H'14FFFF
19
H'130000
H'13FFFF
18
H'120000
H'12FFFF
17
H'110000
H'11FFFF
16
H'100000
H'10FFFF
15
H'0F0000
H'0FFFFF
14
H'0E0000
H'0EFFFF
Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
Page 12
EPCS Device Memory Access
Table 6. Address Range for Sectors in EPCS64 Devices (Part 4 of 4)
Address Range (Byte Addresses in HEX)
Sector
Start
End
13
H'0D0000
H'0DFFFF
12
H'0C0000
H'0CFFFF
11
H'0B0000
H'0BFFFF
10
H'0A0000
H'0AFFFF
9
H'090000
H'09FFFF
8
H'080000
H'08FFFF
7
H'070000
H'07FFFF
6
H'060000
H'06FFFF
5
H'050000
H'05FFFF
4
H'040000
H'04FFFF
3
H'030000
H'03FFFF
2
H'020000
H'02FFFF
1
H'010000
H'01FFFF
0
H'000000
H'00FFFF
Table 7. Address Range for Sectors in EPCS128 Devices (Part 1 of 3)
Address Range (Byte Addresses in HEX)
Sector
Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
Start
End
63
H'FC0000
H'FFFFFF
62
H'F80000
H'FBFFFF
61
H'F40000
H'F7FFFF
60
H'F00000
H'F3FFFF
59
H'EC0000
H'EFFFFF
58
H'E80000
H'EBFFFF
57
H'E40000
H'E7FFFF
56
H'E00000
H'E3FFFF
55
H'DC0000
H'DFFFFF
54
H'D80000
H'DBFFFF
53
H'D40000
H'D7FFFF
52
H'D00000
H'D3FFFF
51
H'CC0000
H'CFFFFF
50
H'C80000
H'CBFFFF
49
H'C40000
H'C7FFFF
48
H'C00000
H'C3FFFF
47
H'BC0000
H'BFFFFF
46
H'B80000
H'BBFFFF
45
H'B40000
H'B7FFFF
44
H'B00000
H'B3FFFF
January 2014
Altera Corporation
EPCS Device Memory Access
Page 13
Table 7. Address Range for Sectors in EPCS128 Devices (Part 2 of 3)
Address Range (Byte Addresses in HEX)
Sector
January 2014
Altera Corporation
Start
End
43
H'AC0000
H'AFFFFF
42
H'A80000
H'ABFFFF
41
H'A40000
H'A7FFFF
40
H'A00000
H'A3FFFF
39
H'9C0000
H'9FFFFF
38
H'980000
H'9BFFFF
37
H'940000
H'97FFFF
36
H'900000
H'93FFFF
35
H'8C0000
H'8FFFFF
34
H'880000
H'8BFFFF
33
H'840000
H'87FFFF
32
H'800000
H'83FFFF
31
H'7C0000
H'7FFFFF
30
H'780000
H'7BFFFF
29
H'740000
H'77FFFF
28
H'700000
H'73FFFF
27
H'6C0000
H'6FFFFF
26
H'680000
H'6BFFFF
25
H'640000
H'67FFFF
24
H'600000
H'63FFFF
23
H'5C0000
H'5FFFFF
22
H'580000
H'5BFFFF
21
H'540000
H'57FFFF
20
H'500000
H'53FFFF
19
H'4C0000
H'4FFFFF
18
H'480000
H'4BFFFF
17
H'440000
H'47FFFF
16
H'400000
H'43FFFF
15
H'3C0000
H'3FFFFF
14
H'380000
H'3BFFFF
13
H'340000
H'37FFFF
12
H'300000
H'33FFFF
11
H'2C0000
H'2FFFFF
10
H'280000
H'2BFFFF
9
H'240000
H'27FFFF
8
H'200000
H'23FFFF
7
H'1C0000
H'1FFFFF
6
H'180000
H'1BFFFF
Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
Page 14
EPCS Device Memory Access
Table 7. Address Range for Sectors in EPCS128 Devices (Part 3 of 3)
Address Range (Byte Addresses in HEX)
Sector
Start
End
5
H'140000
H'17FFFF
4
H'100000
H'13FFFF
3
H'0C0000
H'0FFFFF
2
H'080000
H'0BFFFF
1
H'040000
H'07FFFF
0
H'000000
H'03FFFF
Operation Codes
This section describes the operations that you can use to access the memory in EPCS
devices. Use the DATA, DCLK, ASDI, and nCS signals to access the memory in EPCS
devices. When performing the operation, addresses and data are shifted in and out of
the device serially, with MSB first.
The device samples the AS data input on the first rising edge of the DCLK after the
active low chip select (nCS) input signal is driven low. Shift the operation code, with
MSB first, into the EPCS device serially through the AS data input (ASDI) pin. Each
operation code bit is latched into the EPCS device on the rising edge of the DCLK.
Different operations require a different sequence of inputs. While executing an
operation, you must shift in the desired operation code, followed by the address bytes
or data bytes, both address and data bytes, or none of them. The device must drive
nCS pin high after the last bit of the operation sequence is shifted in. Table 8 lists the
operation sequence for every operation supported by the EPCS devices.
For read operations, the data read is shifted out on the DATA pin. You can drive the nCS
pin high after any bit of the data-out sequence is shifted out.
For write and erase operations, drive the nCS pin high at a byte boundary that is in a
multiple of eight clock pulses. Otherwise, the operation is rejected and not executed.
All attempts to access the memory contents while a write or erase cycle is in progress
are rejected, and the write or erase cycle will continue unaffected.
Table 8. EPCS Devices Operation Codes
Operation
Operation Code
(1)
Address Bytes
Dummy Bytes
Data Bytes
DCLK fMAX
(MHz)
25
Write enable
0000 0110
0
0
0
Write disable
0000 0100
0
0
0
Read status
0000 0101
0
0
25
1 to infinite
(2)
32
20
0000 0011
3
0
1 to infinite
(2)
1010 1011
0
3
1 to infinite
(2)
32
Fast read
0000 1011
3
1
1 to infinite
(2)
40
Write status
0000 0001
0
0
Read bytes
Read silicon ID
(4)
Write bytes
0000 0010
3
0
Erase bulk
1100 0111
0
0
Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
1
1 to 256
25
(3)
0
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25
Altera Corporation
EPCS Device Memory Access
Page 15
Table 8. EPCS Devices Operation Codes
Operation
Erase sector
Read device
identification
Address Bytes
Dummy Bytes
Data Bytes
DCLK fMAX
(MHz)
1101 1000
3
0
0
25
1001 1111
0
2
Operation Code
(5)
(1)
1 to infinite
(2)
25
Notes to Table 8:
(1) List MSB first and LSB last.
(2) The status register, data, or silicon ID is read out at least once on the DATA pin and is continuously read out until the nCS pin is driven high.
(3) A write bytes operation requires at least one data byte on the DATA pin. If more than 256 bytes are sent to the device, only the last 256 bytes
are written to the memory.
(4) The read silicon ID operation is available only for EPCS1, EPCS4, EPCS16, and EPCS64 devices.
(5) The read device identification operation is available only for EPCS128 devices.
Write Enable Operation
The write enable operation code is b'0000 0110, and it lists the MSB first. The write
enable operation sets the write enable latch bit, which is bit 1 in the status register.
Always set the write enable latch bit before write bytes, write status, erase bulk, and
erase sector operations. Figure 5 shows the instruction sequence of the write enable
operation.
Figure 5. Write Enable Operation Timing Diagram
nCS
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
DCLK
Operation Code
ASDI
DATA
High Impedance
Write Disable Operation
The write disable operation code is b'0000 0100 and it lists the MSB first. The write
disable operation resets the write enable latch bit, which is bit 1 in the status register.
To prevent the memory from being written unintentionally, the write enable latch bit
is automatically reset when implementing the write disable operation, and under the
following conditions:
January 2014
■
Power up
■
Write bytes operation completion
■
Write status operation completion
■
Erase bulk operation completion
■
Erase sector operation completion
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Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
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EPCS Device Memory Access
Figure 6 shows the instruction sequence of the write disable operation.
Figure 6. Write Disable Operation Timing Diagram
nCS
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
DCLK
Operation Code
ASDI
High Impedance
DATA
Read Status Operation
The read status operation code is b'0000 0101 and it lists the MSB first. You can use
the read status operation to read the status register. Figure 7 and Figure 8 show the
status bits in the status register of the EPCS devices.
Figure 7. EPCS128, EPCS64, EPCS16, and EPCS4 Status Register Status Bits
Bit 7
Bit 0
BP2
BP1
BP0
WEL
WIP
Write In
Progress Bit
Block Protect Bits [2..0]
Write Enable
Latch Bit
Figure 8. EPCS1 Status Register Status Bits
Bit 7
Bit 0
BP1
BP0
Block Protect
Bits [1..0]
WEL
WIP
Write In
Progress Bit
Write Enable
Latch Bit
Setting the write in progress bit to 1 indicates that the EPCS device is busy with a
write or erase cycle. Resetting the write in progress bit to 0 indicates no write or erase
cycle is in progress.
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January 2014
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EPCS Device Memory Access
Page 17
Resetting the write enable latch bit to 0 indicates that no write or erase cycle is
accepted. Set the write enable latch bit to 1 before every write bytes, write status, erase
bulk, and erase sector operations.
The non-volatile block protect bits determine the area of the memory protected from
being written or erased unintentionally. Table 9 through Table 13 on page 19 list the
protected area in the EPCS devices with reference to the block protect bits. The erase
bulk operation is only available when all the block protect bits are set to 0. When any
of the block protect bits are set to 1, the relevant area is protected from being written
by a write bytes operation or erased by an erase sector operation.
January 2014
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Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
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EPCS Device Memory Access
Table 9. Block Protection Bits in the EPCS1 Device
Status Register Content
Memory Content
BP1 Bit
BP0 Bit
Protected Area
Unprotected Area
0
0
None
All four sectors—0 to 3
0
1
Sector 3
Three sectors—0 to 2
1
0
Two sectors—2 and 3
Two sectors—0 and 1
1
1
All sectors
None
Table 10. Block Protection Bits in the EPCS4 Device
Status Register Content
Memory Content
BP2 Bit
BP1 Bit
BP0 Bit
Protected Area
Unprotected Area
0
0
0
None
All eight sectors—0 to 7
0
0
1
Sector 7
Seven sectors—0 to 6
0
1
0
Sectors 6 and 7
Six sectors—0 to 5
0
1
1
Four sectors—4 to 7
Four sectors—0 to 3
1
0
0
All sectors
None
1
0
1
All sectors
None
1
1
0
All sectors
None
1
1
1
All sectors
None
Table 11. Block Protection Bits in the EPCS16 Device
Status Register
Content
Memory Content
BP2
Bit
BP1
Bit
BP0
Bit
0
0
0
None
All sectors (32 sectors 0 to 31)
0
0
1
Upper 32nd (Sector 31)
Lower 31/32nds (31 sectors—0 to 30)
0
1
0
Upper sixteenth (two sectors—30 and 31)
Lower 15/16ths (30 sectors—0 to 29)
0
1
1
Upper eighth (four sectors—28 to 31)
Lower seven-eighths (28 sectors—0 to 27)
1
0
0
Upper quarter (eight sectors—24 to 31)
Lower three-quarters (24 sectors—0 to 23)
1
0
1
Upper half (sixteen sectors—16 to 31)
Lower half (16 sectors—0 to 15)
1
1
0
All sectors (32 sectors—0 to 31)
None
1
1
1
All sectors (32 sectors—0 to 31)
None
Protected Area
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Unprotected Area
January 2014
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EPCS Device Memory Access
Page 19
Table 12. Block Protection Bits in the EPCS64 Devices
Status Register
Content
Memory Content
BP2
Bit
BP1
Bit
BP0
Bit
0
0
0
None
All sectors (128 sectors: 0 to 127)
0
0
1
Upper 64th (2 sectors: 126 and 127)
Lower 63/64ths (126 sectors: 0 to 125)
0
1
0
Upper 32nd (4 sectors: 124 to 127)
Lower 31/32nds (124 sectors: 0 to 123)
0
1
1
Upper sixteenth (8 sectors: 120 to 127)
Lower 15/16ths (120 sectors: 0 to 119)
1
0
0
Upper eighth (16 sectors: 112 to 127)
Lower seven-eights (112 sectors: 0 to 111)
1
0
1
Upper quarter (32 sectors: 96 to 127)
Lower three-quarters (96 sectors: 0 to 95)
1
1
0
Upper half (64 sectors: 64 to 127)
Lower half (64 sectors: 0 to 63)
1
1
1
All sectors (128 sectors: 0 to 127)
None
Protected Area
Unprotected Area
Table 13. Block Protection Bits in the EPCS128 Device
Status Register
Content
Memory Content
BP2
Bit
BP1
Bit
BP0
Bit
0
0
0
None
All sectors (64 sectors—0 to 63)
0
0
1
Upper 64th (1 sector—63)
Lower 63/64ths (63 sectors—0 to 62)
0
1
0
Upper 32nd (2 sectors—62 to 63)
Lower 31/32nds (62 sectors—0 to 61)
0
1
1
Upper 16th (4 sectors—60 to 63)
Lower 15/16ths (60 sectors—0 to 59)
1
0
0
Upper 8th (8 sectors—56 to 63)
Lower seven-eighths (56 sectors—0 to 55)
1
0
1
Upper quarter (16 sectors—48 to 63)
Lower three-quarters (48 sectors—0 to 47)
1
1
0
Upper half (32 sectors—32 to 63)
Lower half (32 sectors—0 to 31)
1
1
1
All sectors (64 sectors—0 to 63)
None
Protected Area
Unprotected Area
You can read the status register at any time, even during a write or erase cycle is in
progress. When one of these cycles is in progress, you can check the write in progress
bit (bit 0 of the status register) before sending a new operation to the device. The
device can also read the status register continuously, as shown in Figure 9.
Figure 9. Read Status Operation Timing Diagram
nCS
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
DCLK
Operation Code
ASDI
Status Register Out
High Impedance
DATA
7
MSB
January 2014
Altera Corporation
6
5
4
3
2
Status Register Out
1
0
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
7
MSB
Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
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EPCS Device Memory Access
Write Status Operation
The write status operation code is b'0000 0001 and it lists the MSB first. Use the write
status operation to set the status register block protection bits. The write status
operation does not affect the other bits. Therefore, you can implement this operation
to protect certain memory sectors, as listed in Table 9 through Table 13. After setting
the block protect bits, the protected memory sectors are treated as read-only memory.
You must execute the write enable operation before the write status operation so the
device sets the status register’s write enable latch bit to 1.
The write status operation is implemented by driving the nCS signal low, followed by
shifting in the write status operation code and one data byte for the status register on
the ASDI pin. Figure 10 shows the instruction sequence of the write status operation.
The nCS must be driven high after the eighth bit of the data byte has been latched in,
otherwise the write status operation is not executed.
Immediately after the nCS signal drives high, the device initiates the self-timed write
status cycle. The self-timed write status cycle usually takes 5 ms for all EPCS devices
and is guaranteed to be less than 15 ms. For more information, refer to the tWS value in
Table 16 on page 29. You must account for this delay to ensure that the status register
is written with desired block protect bits. Alternatively, you can check the write in
progress bit in the status register by executing the read status operation while the
self-timed write status cycle is in progress. The write in progress bit is 1 during the
self-timed write status cycle and 0 when it is complete.
Figure 10. Write Status Operation Timing Diagram
nCS
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
DCLK
Operation Code
Status Register
7
ASDI
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
MSB
High Impedance
DATA
Read Bytes Operation
The read bytes operation code is b'0000 0011 and it lists the MSB first. To read the
memory contents of the EPCS device, the device is first selected by driving the nCS
signal low. Then, the read bytes operation code is shifted in followed by a 3-byte
address (A[23..0]). Each address bit must be latched in on the rising edge of the DCLK
signal. After the address is latched in, the memory contents of the specified address
are shifted out serially on the DATA pin, beginning with the MSB. For reading Raw
Programming Data files (.rpd), the content is shifted out serially beginning with the
LSB. Each data bit is shifted out on the falling edge of the DCLK signal. The maximum
DCLK frequency during the read bytes operation is 20 MHz.
Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
January 2014
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EPCS Device Memory Access
Page 21
The first byte address can be at any location. The device automatically increases the
address to the next higher address after shifting out each byte of data. Therefore, the
device can read the whole memory with a single read bytes operation. When the
device reaches the highest address, the address counter restarts at 0x000000, allowing
the memory contents to be read out indefinitely until the read bytes operation is
terminated by driving the nCS signal high. The device can drive the nCS signal high at
any time after data is shifted out. If the read bytes operation is shifted in while a write
or erase cycle is in progress, the operation is not executed and does not affect the write
or erase cycle in progress.
January 2014
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Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
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EPCS Device Memory Access
Figure 11 shows the instruction sequence of the read bytes operation.
Figure 11. Read Bytes Operation Timing Diagram
nCS
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
DCLK
Operation Code
24-Bit Address (1)
23
ASDI
22
21
3
2
1
0
MSB
High Impedance
DATA
DATA Out 1
7
6
5
4
3
DATA Out 2
2
1
0
7
MSB (2)
Notes to Figure 11:
(1) Address bit A[23] is a don't-care bit in the EPCS64 device. Address bits A[23..21] are don't-care bits in the EPCS16 device. Address bits
A[23..19] are don't-care bits in the EPCS4 device. Address bits A[23..17] are don't-care bits in the EPCS1 device.
(2) For .rpd files, the read sequence shifts out the LSB of the data byte first.
Fast Read Operation
The fast read operation code is b’0000 1011 and it lists the MSB first. You can select
the device by driving the nCS signal low. The fast read instruction code is followed by
a 3-byte address (A23-A0) and a dummy byte with each bit being latched-in during the
rising edge of the DCLK signal. Then, the memory contents at that address is shifted out
on DATA with each bit being shifted out at a maximum frequency of 40 MHz during
the falling edge of the DCLK signal.
The first addressed byte can be at any location. The address is automatically increased
to the next higher address after each byte of data is shifted out. Therefore, the whole
memory can be read with a single fast read instruction. When the highest address is
reached, the address counter rolls over to 000000h, allowing the read sequence to
continue indefinitely.
The fast read instruction is terminated by driving the nCS signal high at any time
during data output. Any fast read instruction is rejected during the erase, program, or
write operations without affecting the operation that is in progress.
Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
January 2014
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EPCS Device Memory Access
Page 23
Figure 12 shows the instruction sequence of the fast read operation.
Figure 12. Fast Read Operation Timing Diagram
nCS
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
28
29
30
31
DCLK
Operation Code
24-Bit Address (1)
23
ASDI
22
21
43
44
3
2
1
0
MSB
High Impedance
DATA
nCS
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
45
46
47
DCLK
Dummy Byte
ASDI
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
DATA Out 1
7
DATA
6
5
4
MSB
3
DATA Out 2
2
1
0
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
MSB
0
7
MSB
Note to Figure 12:
(1) Address bit A[23] is a don't-care bit in the EPCS64 device. Address bits A[23..21] are don't-care bits in the
EPCS16 device. Address bits A[23..19] are don't-care bits in the EPCS4 device. Address bits A[23..17] are
don't-care bits in the EPCS1 device.
Read Silicon ID Operation
The read silicon ID operation code is b'1010 1011 and it lists the MSB first. Only
EPCS1, EPCS4, EPCS16, and EPCS64 devices support this operation. This operation
reads the 8-bit silicon ID of the EPCS device from the DATA output pin. If this operation
is shifted in during an erase or write cycle, it is ignored and does not affect the cycle
that is in progress.
Table 14 lists the EPCS device silicon IDs.
Table 14. EPCS Device Silicon ID
EPCS Device
Silicon ID (Binary Value)
EPCS1
b'0001 0000
EPCS4
b'0001 0010
EPCS16
b'0001 0100
EPCS64
b'0001 0110
The device implements the read silicon ID operation by driving the nCS signal low
and then shifting in the read silicon ID operation code, followed by three dummy
bytes on the ASDI pin. The 8-bit silicon ID of the EPCS device is then shifted out on the
DATA pin on the falling edge of the DCLK signal. The device can terminate the read
silicon ID operation by driving the nCS signal high after reading the silicon ID at least
one time. Sending additional clock cycles on DCLK while nCS is driven low can cause
the silicon ID to be shifted out repeatedly.
January 2014
Altera Corporation
Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
Page 24
EPCS Device Memory Access
Figure 13 shows the instruction sequence of the read silicon ID operation.
Figure 13. Read Silicon ID Operation Timing Diagram (1)
nCS
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
DCLK
Operation Code
Three Dummy Bytes
23
ASDI
22
21
3
2
1
0
MSB
Silicon ID
High Impedance
7
DATA
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
MSB
Note to Figure 13:
(1) Only EPCS1, EPCS4, EPCS16, and EPCS64 devices support the read silicon ID operation.
Read Device Identification Operation
The read device identification operation code is b’1001 1111 and it lists the MSB first.
Only EPCS128 device supports this operation. This operation reads the 8-bit device
identification of the EPCS device from the DATA output pin. If this operation is shifted
in during an erase or write cycle, it is ignored and does not affect the cycle that is in
progress. Table 15 lists the EPCS device identification.
Table 15. EPCS Device Identification
EPCS Device
Silicon ID (Binary Value)
EPCS128
b'0001 1000
The device implements the read device identification operation by driving the nCS
signal low and then shifting in the read device identification operation code, followed
by two dummy bytes on the ASDI pin. The 16-bit device identification of the EPCS
device is then shifted out on the DATA pin on the falling edge of the DCLK signal. The
device can terminate the read device identification operation by driving the nCS signal
high after reading the device identification at least one time.
Figure 14 shows the instruction sequence of the read device identification operation.
Figure 14. Read Device Identification Operation Timing Diagram (1)
nCS
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
20
21
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
DCLK
Operation Code
Two Dummy Bytes
15
ASDI
14
13
3
2
1
0
MSB
High Impedance
DATA
Silicon ID
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
MSB
Note to Figure 14:
(1) Only EPCS128 device supports the read device identification operation.
Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
January 2014
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EPCS Device Memory Access
Page 25
Write Bytes Operation
The write bytes operation code is b'0000 0010 and it lists the MSB first. This
operation allows bytes to be written to the memory. You must execute the write enable
operation before the write bytes operation to set the write enable latch bit in the status
register to 1.
The write bytes operation is implemented by driving the nCS signal low, followed by
the write bytes operation code, three address bytes, and at least one data byte on the
ASDI pin. If the eight LSBs (A[7..0]) are not all 0, all sent data that goes beyond the
end of the current page is not written into the next page. Instead, this data is written at
the start address of the same page (from the address whose eight LSBs are all 0). You
must ensure the nCS signal is set low during the entire write bytes operation.
If more than 256 data bytes are shifted into the EPCS device with a write bytes
operation, the previously latched data is discarded and the last 256 bytes are written
to the page. However, if less than 256 data bytes are shifted into the EPCS device, they
are guaranteed to be written at the specified addresses and the other bytes of the same
page are not affected.
If your design requires writing more than 256 data bytes to the memory, more than
one page of memory is required. Send the write enable and write bytes operation
codes, followed by three new targeted address bytes and 256 data bytes, before a new
page is written.
The nCS signal must be driven high after the eighth bit of the last data byte has been
latched in. Otherwise, the device does not execute the write bytes operation. The write
enable latch bit in the status register is reset to 0 before the completion of each write
bytes operation. Therefore, the write enable operation must be carried out before the
next write bytes operation.
The device initiates a self-timed write cycle immediately after the nCS signal is driven
high. For more information about the self-timed write cycle time, refer to the tWB value
in Table 16 on page 29. You must account for this amount of delay before another page
of memory is written. Alternatively, you can check the write in progress bit in the
status register by executing the read status operation while the self-timed write cycle
is in progress. The write in progress bit is set to 1 during the self-timed write cycle and
0 when it is complete.
1
January 2014
You must erase all the memory bytes of the EPCS devices to all 1 or 0xFF before you
implement the write bytes operation. You can erase all the memory bytes by executing
the erase sector operation in a sector or the erase bulk operation throughout the entire
memory.
Altera Corporation
Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
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Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
Figure 15 shows the instruction sequence of the write bytes operation.
(1)
Figure 15. Write Bytes Operation Timing Diagram
nCS
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
6
5
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
0
7
6
5
43
44
45
46
47
2
1
0
2072 2073 2074 2075 2076 2077 2078 2079
DCLK
Operation Code
ASDI
24-Bit Address (2)
23
22
21
MSB
3
Data Byte 1
2
1
0
7
MSB (3)
4
3
Data Byte 2
2
1
MSB (3)
4
3
Data Byte 256
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
MSB (3)
Notes to Figure 15:
(1) Use the erase sector operation or the erase bulk operation to initialize the memory bytes of the EPCS devices to all 1 or 0xFF before implementing the write bytes operation.
(2) Address bit A[23] is a don't-care bit in the EPCS64 device. Address bits A[23..21] are don't-care bits in the EPCS16 device. Address bits A[23..19] are don't-care bits in the EPCS4 device. Address
bits A[23..17] are don't-care bits in the EPCS1 device.
(3) For .rpd files, write the LSB of the data byte first.
Erase Bulk Operation
The erase bulk operation code is b'1100 0111 and it lists the MSB first. This operation sets all the memory bits to 1 or 0xFF.
Similar to the write bytes operation, you must execute the write enable operation before the erase bulk operation so that the
write enable latch bit in the status register is set to 1.
You can implement the erase bulk operation by driving the nCS signal low and then shifting in the erase bulk operation code on
the ASDI pin. The nCS signal must be driven high after the eighth bit of the erase bulk operation code has been latched in.
The device initiates a self-timed erase bulk cycle immediately after the nCS signal is driven high. For more information about
the self-timed erase bulk cycle time, refer to the tEB value in Table 16 on page 29.
Altera Corporation
EPCS Device Memory Access
January 2014
You must account for this delay before accessing the memory contents. Alternatively, you can check the write in progress bit in
the status register by executing the read status operation while the self-timed erase cycle is in progress. The write in progress
bit is set to 1 during the self-timed erase cycle and 0 when it is complete. The write enable latch bit in the status register is reset
to 0 before the erase cycle is complete.
EPCS Device Memory Access
Page 27
Figure 16 shows the instruction sequence of the erase bulk operation.
Figure 16. Erase Bulk Operation Timing Diagram
nCS
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
DCLK
Operation Code
ASDI
Erase Sector Operation
The erase sector operation code is b'1101 1000 and it lists the MSB first. This
operation allows you to erase a certain sector in the EPCS device by setting all the bits
inside the sector to 1 or 0xFF. This operation is useful if you want to access the unused
sectors as general purpose memory in your applications. You must execute the write
enable operation before the erase sector operation so that the write enable latch bit in
the status register is set to 1.
You can implement the erase sector operation by first driving the nCS signal low, then
you shift in the erase sector operation code, followed by the three address bytes of the
chosen sector on the ASDI pin. The three address bytes for the erase sector operation
can be any address inside the specified sector. For more information about the sector
address range, refer to Table 3 on page 7 through Table 7 on page 12. Drive the nCS
signal high after the eighth bit of the erase sector operation code has been latched in.
The device initiates the self-timed erase sector cycle immediately after the nCS signal is
driven high. For more information about the self-timed erase sector cycle time, refer to
the tES value in Table 16 on page 29.
You must account for this delay before accessing the memory contents. Alternatively,
you can check the write in progress bit in the status register by executing the read
status operation while the self-timed erase sector cycle is in progress. The write in
progress bit is set to 1 during the self-timed erase sector cycle and 0 when it is
complete. The write enable latch bit in the status register resets to 0 before the erase
cycle is complete.
Figure 17 shows the instruction sequence of the erase sector operation.
Figure 17. Erase Sector Operation Timing Diagram
nCS
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
28
29
30
31
DCLK
Operation Code
ASDI
24-Bit Address (1)
23
22
3
2
1
0
MSB
Note to Figure 17:
(1) Address bit A[23] is a don't-care bit in the EPCS64 device. Address bits A[23..21] are don't-care bits in the EPCS16 device. Address bits
A[23..19] are don't-care bits in the EPCS4 device. Address bits A[23..17] are don't-care bits in the EPCS1 device.
January 2014
Altera Corporation
Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
Page 28
Power and Operation
Power and Operation
This section describes the power modes, power-on reset (POR) delay, error detection,
and initial programming state of the EPCS devices.
Power Mode
EPCS devices support active and standby power modes. When the nCS signal is low,
the device is enabled and is in active power mode. The FPGA is configured while the
EPCS device is in active power mode. When the nCS signal is high, the device is
disabled but remains in active power mode until all internal cycles are completed,
such as write or erase operations. The EPCS device then goes into standby power
mode. The ICC1 and ICC0 parameters list the VCC supply current when the device is in
active and standby power modes. For more information, refer to Table 21 on page 34.
Power-On Reset
During the initial power-up, a POR delay occurs to ensure the system voltage levels
have stabilized. During the AS configuration, the FPGA controls the configuration
and has a longer POR delay than the EPCS device.
f For more information about the POR delay time, refer to the configuration chapter in
the appropriate device handbook.
Error Detection
During the AS configuration with the EPCS device, the FPGA monitors the
configuration status through the nSTATUS and CONF_DONE pins. If an error condition
occurs, if the nSTATUS pin drives low or if the CONF_DONE pin does not go high, the
FPGA begins reconfiguration by pulsing the nSTATUS and nCSO signals, which controls
the chip select (nCS) pin on the EPCS device.
After an error, the configuration automatically restarts if the Auto-Restart Upon
Frame Error option is turned on in the Quartus II software. If the option is turned off,
the system must monitor the nSTATUS signal for errors and then pulse the nCONFIG
signal low to restart configuration.
Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
January 2014
Altera Corporation
Timing Information
Page 29
Timing Information
Figure 18 shows the timing waveform for the write operation of the EPCS device.
Figure 18. Write Operation Timing Diagram
tCSH
nCS
tNCSH
tNCSSU
tCH
tCL
DCLK
tDSU
ASDI
DATA
tDH
Bit n 1
Bit n
Bit 0
High Impedance
Table 16 lists the EPCS device timing parameters for the write operation.
Table 16. Write Operation Parameters
Symbol
Parameter
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
fWCLK
Write clock frequency (from the FPGA, download cable, or
embedded processor) for write enable, write disable, read status,
read silicon ID, write bytes, erase bulk, and erase sector
operations
—
—
25
MHz
tCH
DCLK high time
20
—
—
ns
tCL
DCLK low time
20
—
—
ns
tNCSSU
Chip select (nCS) setup time
10
—
—
ns
tNCSH
Chip select (nCS) hold time
10
—
—
ns
tDSU
Data (ASDI) in setup time before the rising edge on DCLK
5
—
—
ns
tDH
Data (ASDI) hold time after rising edge on DCLK
5
—
—
ns
tCSH
Chip select (nCS) high time
100
—
—
ns
Write bytes cycle time for EPCS1, EPCS4, EPCS16, and EPCS64
devices
—
1.5
5
ms
Write bytes cycle time for the EPCS128 device
—
2.5
7
ms
Write status cycle time
—
5
15
ms
Erase bulk cycle time for the EPCS1 device
—
3
6
s
Erase bulk cycle time for the EPCS4 device
—
5
10
s
tWB
(1)
tWS
(1)
tEB
tES
(1)
(1)
Erase bulk cycle time for the EPCS16 device
—
17
40
s
Erase bulk cycle time for the EPCS64 device
—
68
160
s
Erase bulk cycle time for the EPCS128 device
—
105
250
s
Erase sector cycle time for EPCS1, EPCS4, EPCS16, and EPCS64
devices
—
2
3
s
Erase sector cycle time for the EPCS128 device
—
2
6
s
Note to Table 16:
(1) Figure 18 does not show these parameters.
January 2014
Altera Corporation
Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
Page 30
Timing Information
Figure 19 shows the timing waveform for the read operation of the EPCS device.
Figure 19. Read Operation Timing Diagram
nCS
tCH
DCLK
tCL
tnCLK2D
Bit N
DATA
ASDI
Bit N 1
tODIS
Bit 0
Add_Bit 0
Table 17 lists the EPCS device timing parameters for the read operation.
Table 17. Read Operation Parameters
Symbol
Min
Max
Unit
Read clock frequency (from the FPGA or
embedded processor) for the read bytes
operation
—
20
MHz
Fast read clock frequency (from the FPGA or
embedded processor) for the fast read bytes
operation
—
40
MHz
tCH
DCLK high time
11
—
ns
tCL
DCLK low time
11
—
ns
tODIS
Output disable time after read
—
8
ns
tnCLK2D
Clock falling edge to DATA
—
8
ns
fRCLK
1
Parameter
Existing batches of EPCS1 and EPCS4 devices manufactured on 0.15 µm process
geometry support the AS configuration up to 40 MHz. However, batches of EPCS1
and EPCS4 devices manufactured on 0.18 µm process geometry support the AS
configuration only up to 20 MHz. EPCS16, EPCS64, and EPCS128 devices are not
affected.
f For more information about product traceability and transition date to differentiate
between 0.15 µm process geometry and 0.18 µm process geometry of the EPCS1 and
EPCS4 devices, refer to the PCN 0514: Manufacturing Changes on EPCS Family.
Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
January 2014
Altera Corporation
Timing Information
Page 31
Figure 20 shows the timing waveform for the AS configuration scheme of the FPGA
using an EPCS device.
Figure 20. AS Configuration Timing Diagram
tCF2ST1
nCONFIG
nSTATUS
CONF_DONE
nCSO
DCLK
Read Address
ASDO
DATA0
bit N
bit N-1
bit 1
bit 0
tCD2UM (1)
INIT_DONE
User Mode
User I/O
Tri-stated with internal pull-up resistor
Note to Figure 20:
(1) tCD2UM is an FPGA-dependent parameter. For more information, refer to the configuration chapter in the appropriate device handbook.
f For more information about the timing parameters in Figure 20, refer to the
configuration chapter in the appropriate device handbook.
January 2014
Altera Corporation
Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
Page 32
Programming and Configuration File Support
Programming and Configuration File Support
The Quartus II software provides programming support for EPCS devices. When you
select an EPCS device, the Quartus II software automatically generates the
Programmer Object File (.pof) to program the device. The software allows you to
select the appropriate EPCS device density that most efficiently stores the
configuration data for the selected FPGA.
You can program the EPCS device in-system by an external microprocessor using the
SRunner software driver. The SRunner software driver is developed for embedded
EPCS device programming that you can customize to fit in different embedded
systems. The SRunner software driver reads .rpd files and writes to the EPCS devices.
The programming time is comparable to the Quartus II software programming time.
Because the FPGA reads the LSB of the .rpd data first during the configuration
process, the LSB of .rpd bytes must be shifted out first during the read bytes operation
and shifted in first during the write bytes operation.
1
Writing and reading the .rpd file to and from the EPCS device is different from the
other data and address bytes.
f For more information about the SRunner software driver, refer to
AN 418: SRunner: An Embedded Solution for Serial Configuration Device Programming.
You can program EPCS devices using the APU with the appropriate programming
adapter, such as PLMSEPC-8, using the Quartus II software or the USB-Blaster,
EthernetBlaster, or ByteBlaster II download cable. In addition, many third-party
programmers, such as the BP Microsystems and System General programmers, offer
programming hardware that supports EPCS devices.
During the ISP of an EPCS device using the USB-Blaster, EthernetBlaster, or
ByteBlaster II download cable, the cable pulls the nCONFIG signal low to reset the
FPGA and overrides the 10-k pull-down resistor on the nCE pin of the FPGA, as
shown in Figure 2 on page 4. The download cable then uses the four interface
pins—DATA, nCS, ASDI, and DCLK—to program the EPCS device. When programming is
complete, the download cable releases the four interface pins of the EPCS device and
the nCE pin of the FPGA and pulses the nCONFIG signal to start the configuration
process.
The FPGA can program the EPCS device in-system using the JTAG interface with the
SFL. This solution allows you to indirectly program the EPCS device using the same
JTAG interface that is used to configure the FPGA.
f For more information about SFL, refer to AN 370: Using the Serial FlashLoader with the
Quartus II Software.
Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
January 2014
Altera Corporation
Operating Conditions
Page 33
f For more information about programming and configuration support, refer to the
following documents:
■
Altera Programming Hardware Data Sheet
■
Programming Hardware Manufacturers
■
USB-Blaster Download Cable User Guide
■
ByteBlaster II Download Cable User Guide
■
EthernetBlaster Communications Cable User Guide
Operating Conditions
Table 18 through Table 22 list information about the absolute maximum ratings,
recommended operating conditions, DC operating conditions, and capacitance for
EPCS devices.
Table 18. Absolute Maximum Ratings
Symbol
VCC
VI
(1)
Parameter
Condition
Min
Max
Unit
Supply voltage for EPCS1, EPCS4,
and EPCS16 devices
With respect to GND
–0.6
4.0
V
Supply voltage for EPCS64 and
EPCS128 devices
With respect to GND
–0.2
4.0
V
DC input voltage for EPCS1, EPCS4,
and EPCS16 devices
With respect to GND
–0.6
4.0
V
DC input voltage for EPCS64 and
EPCS128 devices
With respect to GND
–0.5
4.0
V
IMAX
DC VCC or GND current
—
—
15
mA
IOUT
DC output current per pin
—
–25
25
mA
PD
Power dissipation
—
—
54
mW
TSTG
Storage temperature
No bias
–65
150
C
TAMB
Ambient temperature
Under bias
–65
135
C
TJ
Junction temperature
Under bias
—
135
C
Conditions
Min
Max
Unit
(2)
2.7
3.6
V
With respect to GND
–0.3
0.3 + VCC
V
—
0
VCC
V
For commercial use
0
70
C
For industrial use
–40
85
C
Table 19. Recommended Operating Conditions
Symbol
Parameter
VCC
Supply voltage
VI
Input voltage
VO
Output voltage
TA
Operating temperature
tR
Input rise time
—
—
5
ns
tF
Input fall time
—
—
5
ns
January 2014
Altera Corporation
Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
Page 34
Operating Conditions
Table 20. DC Operating Conditions
Symbol
VIH
VIL
VOH
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Max
Unit
High-level input voltage for EPCS1,
EPCS4, and EPCS16 devices
—
0.6 x VCC VCC + 0.4
V
High-level input voltage for EPCS64
and EPCS128 devices
—
0.6 x VCC VCC + 0.2
V
Low-level input voltage
—
High-level output voltage
IOH = –100 A
(3)
(3)
–0.5
0.3 x VCC
V
VCC – 0.2
—
V
VOL
Low-level output voltage
IOL = 1.6 mA
—
0.4
V
II
Input leakage current
VI = V CC or GND
–10
10
A
IOZ
Tri-state output off-state current
VO = VCC or GND
–10
10
A
Conditions
Min
Max
Unit
VCC supply current (standby mode) for EPCS1,
EPCS4, and EPCS16 devices
—
—
50
A
VCC supply current (standby mode) for EPCS64
and EPCS128 devices
—
—
100
A
VCC supply current (during active power mode) for
EPCS1, EPCS4, and EPCS16 devices
—
5
15
mA
VCC supply current (during active power mode) for
EPCS64 and EPCS128 devices
—
5
20
mA
Conditions
Min
Max
Unit
Table 21. ICC Supply Current
Symbol
ICC0
ICC1
Parameter
Table 22. Capacitance
Symbol
(4)
Parameter
CIN
Input pin capacitance
VIN = 0 V
—
6
pF
COUT
Output pin capacitance
VOUT = 0 V
—
8
pF
Notes to Table 18 through Table 22:
(1) For more information, refer to the Operating Requirements for Altera Devices Data Sheet.
(2) Maximum VCC rise time is 100 ms.
(3) The IOH parameter refers to the high-level TTL or CMOS output current and the I OL parameter refers to the low-level TTL or CMOS output
current.
(4) Capacitance is sample-tested only at TA = 25 × C and at a 20-MHz frequency.
Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
January 2014
Altera Corporation
Pin Information
Page 35
Pin Information
Figure 21 and Figure 22 show the EPCS device in an 8-pin or 16-pin device. The
following lists the control pins on the EPCS device:
■
Serial data output (DATA)
■
AS data input (ASDI)
■
Serial clock (DCLK)
■
Chip select (nCS)
Figure 21 shows the 8-pin SOIC package of the EPCS device.
Figure 21. Altera EPCS Device 8-Pin SOIC Package Pin-Out Diagram
EPCS1, EPCS4,
or EPCS16
nCS
1
8
VCC
DATA
VCC
2
7
VCC
3
6
DCLK
GND
4
5
ASDI
Figure 22 shows the 16-pin SOIC package of the EPCS device.
Figure 22. Altera EPCS Device 16-Pin SOIC Package Pin-Out Diagram
EPCS64
or EPCS128
VCC
1
16
DCLK
VCC
2
15
ASDI
N.C.
3(1)
14(1)
N.C.
N.C.
4(1)
13(1)
N.C.
N.C.
5(1)
12(1)
N.C.
N.C.
6(1)
11(1)
N.C.
nCS
7
10
GND
DATA
8
9
VCC
Note to Figure 22:
(1) You can leave these pins floating or you can connect them to VCC or GND.
January 2014
Altera Corporation
Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
Page 36
Pin Information
Table 23 lists the pin description of the EPCS device.
Table 23. EPCS Device Pin Description
Pin
Name
Pin Number
in 8-Pin
SOIC
Package
Pin Number
in 16-Pin
SOIC
Package
Pin Type
Description
DATA
2
8
Output
The DATA output signal transfers data serially out of the EPCS device
to the FPGA during the read operation or configuration. During the
read operation or configuration, the EPCS device is enabled by pulling
the nCS signal low. The DATA signal transitions on the falling edge of
the DCLK signal.
ASDI
5
15
Input
The ASDI signal is used to transfer data serially into the EPCS device.
This pin are also receiving data that are programmed into the EPCS
device. Data is latched on the rising edge of the DCLK signal.
Input
The nCS signal toggles at the beginning and the end of a valid
instruction. When this signal goes high, the device is deselected and
the DATA pin is tri-stated. When this signal goes low, the device is
enabled and in an active mode. After power up, the EPCS device
requires a falling edge on the nCS signal before the EPCS device
begins any operation.
nCS
1
7
6
16
Input
The FPGA provides the DCLK signal. This signal provides the timing
for the serial interface. The data presented on the ASDI pin is latched
to the EPCS device on the rising edge of the DCLK signal. The data on
the DATA pin changes after the falling edge of the DCLK signal and is
latched into the FPGA on the next falling edge of the DCLK signal.
VCC
3, 7, 8
1, 2, 9
Power
Connect the power pins to a 3.3-V power supply.
GND
4
10
GND
DCLK
Ground pin.
Figure 23 shows the layout recommendation for vertical migration from the EPCS1
device to the EPCS128 device.
Pin 1 ID
Figure 23. Layout Recommendation for Vertical Migration from the EPCS1 Device to the EPCS128
Device
Pin 1 ID
Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
January 2014
Altera Corporation
Device Package and Ordering Code
Page 37
Device Package and Ordering Code
This section describes the package offered in EPCS devices and the ordering codes for
each EPCS device.
Package
The EPCS1, EPCS4, and EPCS16 devices are available in 8-pin SOIC package. The
EPCS64 and EPCS128 devices are available in 16-pin SOIC package.
If you use the AS x1 configuration scheme, you can migrate EPCS64 and EPCS128
devices to EPCQ64, EPCQ128, or EPCQ256 devices.
f For more information, refer to the Package and Thermal Resistance page.
f For more information about migration to EPCQ, refer to the Quad-Serial Configuration
(EPCQ) Devices Datasheet.
Ordering Code
Table 24 lists the ordering codes for EPCS devices.
Table 24. EPCS Device Ordering Codes
(1)
Device
Ordering Code
EPCS1
EPCS1SI8
EPCS1SI8N
EPCS4
EPCS4SI8
EPCS4SI8N
EPCS16
EPCS16SI8N
EPCS64
EPCS64SI16N
EPCS128
EPCS128SI16N
Note to Table 24:
(1) N indicates that the device is lead free.
January 2014
Altera Corporation
Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
Page 38
Document Revision History
Document Revision History
Table 25 lists the revision history for this document.
Table 25. Document Revision History (Part 1 of 3)
Date
January 2014
January 2012
June 2011
December 2009
October 2008
May 2008
Version
Changes
■
Added Table 12 to include the block protection bits for EPCS64 devices.
■
Updated DCLK fMAX for the read status and read silicon ID operations to
32 MHz in Table 8.
■
Updated tCH, tCL, and tODIS values in the read operation parameters in Table 17.
■
Updated the “Package” section to include device migration information.
■
Updated “Package” and “Ordering Code” sections.
■
Updated Figure 5, Figure 6, and Figure 22.
■
Updated Table 16 and Table 18.
■
Minor text edits.
■
Updated Table 3–19.
■
Updated Figure 3–20.
■
Updated “Features” and “Functional Description” sections.
■
Added “Fast Read Operation” section.
■
Removed Table 4–2 to Table 4–9, Table 4-26, and Table 4–33.
■
Updated Table 3–1.
■
Updated Figure 3–2.
■
Removed “Referenced Documents” section.
■
Updated “Introduction”, “Active Serial FPGA Configuration”, “Operation
Codes”, “Read Status Operation”, “Read Device Identification Operation”, and
“Package” sections.
■
Updated Table 4–10, Table 4–25, Table 4–26, and Table 4–32.
■
Updated Figure 4–5, Figure 4–13, and Figure 4–19.
■
Added Figure 4–22.
■
Added Table 4–33.
■
Updated new document format.
■
Updated Table 4–3, Table 4–6, Table 4–7, Table 4–28, and Table 4–29.
■
Deleted Note 5 to Table 4–31.
■
Added “Referenced Documents” section.
5.0
4.0
3.4
3.3
3.2
3.1
Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
January 2014
Altera Corporation
Document Revision History
Page 39
Table 25. Document Revision History (Part 2 of 3)
Date
Version
August 2007
April 2007
3.0
2.0
January 2007
October 2006
1.6
1.5
August 2005
1.4
January 2014
Altera Corporation
■
Updated “Introduction” section.
■
Updated “Functional Description” section.
■
Updated Table 4–1 through Table 4–4 and Table 4–7 through Table 4–9 to with
EPCS128 information.
■
Added Table 4–6 on Arria GX.
■
Added notes to Figure 4–3.
■
Added notes to Figure 4–4.
■
Updated Table 4–10 with EPCS128 information.
■
Added new Table 4–11 on address range for sectors in EPCS128 device.
■
Updated Table 4–16 with information about “Read Device Identification” and
added (Note 5).
■
Added new Table 4–21 on block protection bits in EPCS128.
■
Added notes to Figure 4–12.
■
Added new section “Read Device Identification Operation” with Table 4–23 and
Figure 4–13.
■
Updated “Write Bytes Operation”, “Erase Bulk Operation” and “Erase Sector
Operation” sections.
■
Updated Table 4–24 to include EPCS128 information.
■
Updated (Note 1) to Table 4–26.
■
Updated VCC and VI information to include EPCS128 in Table 4–27.
■
Updated VIH information to include EPCS128 in Table 4–29.
■
Updated ICC0 and ICC1 information to include EPCS128 in Table 4–30.
■
Updated Figure 4–21 and Table 4–34 with EPCS128 information.
■
Updated “Introduction” section.
■
Updated “Functional Description” section and added handpara note.
■
Added Table 4–4, Table 4–6, and Table 4–7.
■
Updated “Active Serial FPGA Configuration” section and its handpara note.
■
Added notes to Figure 4–2.
■
Updated Table 4–26 and added (Note 1).
■
Updated Figure 4–20.
■
Updated Table 4–34.
■
Removed reference to PLMSEPC-16 in “Programming and Configuration File
Support”.
■
Updated DCLK pin information in Table 4–32.
■
Updated Figure 4–19.
■
Updated Table 4–30 and Table 4–32.
■
Updated table 4-4 to include EPCS64 support for Cyclone devices.
■
Updated tables.
■
Minor text updates.
1.7
August 2005
February 2005
Changes
1.3
Updated hot socketing AC specifications.
Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
Page 40
Document Revision History
Table 25. Document Revision History (Part 3 of 3)
Date
October 2003
Version
1.2
July 2003
1.1
May 2003
1.0
Serial Configuration (EPCS) Devices Datasheet
Changes
■
Added Serial Configuration Device Memory Access section.
■
Updated timing information in Tables 4–10 and
4–11 section.
■
Updated timing information in Tables 4-16 and 4-17.
Minor updates.
■
Added document to the Cyclone Device Handbook.
■
Initial release.
January 2014
Altera Corporation
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