Dynalink RTA1030W User manual

Dynalink RTA1030W User manual
ADSL2+ Wireless Modem Router
User Manual
RTA1030W
U – RTA1030W
ADSL Router
User’s Manual
Version 2.3
Mar. 1, 2007
ADSL Router User Manual
Copyright Notice
© 2005 All rights reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or
by any means, electronic or mechanical, for any purpose, without the express written permission of
the seller.
Disclaimer
Information in this document is subject to change without notice. The statements, configurations,
technical data, and recommendations in this document are believed to be accurate and reliable, but
are presented without express or implied warranty. The seller therefore assumes no responsibility and
shall have no liability of any kind arising from the supply or use of this document or the material
contained herein.
Statement of Conditions
In the interest of improving internal design, operational function, and/or reliability, the seller reserves
the right to make changes to the products described in this document without notice.
The seller does not assume any liability that may occur due to the use or application of the product(s)
or circuit layout(s) described herein.
In addition, the program and information contained herein are licensed only pursuant to a license
agreement that contains restrictions on use and disclosure (that may incorporate by reference certain
limitations and notices imposed by third parties).
Trademarks
All other product or service names mentioned in this document may be trademarks of the companies
with which they are associated.
ii
Safety and Precaution
For Installation
…
…
…
…
…
…
…
…
For Using
…
…
…
…
Use only the type of power source indicated on the marking labels.
Use only power adapter supplied with the product.
Do not overload wall outlet or extension cords as this may increase the
risk of electric shock or fire. If the power cord is frayed, replace it with a
new one.
Proper ventilation is necessary to prevent the product overheating. Do
not block or cover the slots and openings on the device, which are
intended for ventilation and proper operation. It is recommended to
mount the product with a stack.
Do not place the product near any source of heat or expose it to direct
sunlight.
Do not expose the product to moisture. Never spill any liquid on the
product.
Do not attempt to connect with any computer accessory or electronic
product without instructions from qualified service personnel. This may
result in risk of electronic shock or fire.
Do not place this product on unstable stand or table.
Power off and unplug this product from the wall outlet when it is not in
use or before cleaning. Pay attention to the temperature of the power
adapter. The temperature might be high.
After powering off the product, power on the product at least 15
seconds later.
Do not block the ventilating openings of this product.
When the product is expected to be not in use for a period of time,
unplug the power cord of the product to prevent it from the damage of
storm or sudden increases in rating.
For Service
Do not attempt to disassemble or open covers of this unit by yourself. Nor
should you attempt to service the product yourself, which may void the user’s
authority to operate it. Contact qualified service personnel under the following
conditions:
…
If the power cord or plug is damaged or frayed.
…
If liquid has been spilled into the product.
…
If the product has been exposed to rain or water.
…
If the product does not operate normally when the operating instructions
are followed.
…
If the product has been dropped or the cabinet has been damaged.
…
If the product exhibits a distinct change in performance.
Caution
…
Any changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party
responsible for compliance could void the authority to operate
equipment.
iii
ADSL Router User Manual
FCC
This equipment must be installed and operated in accordance with provided
instructions and a minimum 20 cm spacing must be provided between computer
mounted antenna and person’s body (excluding extremities of hands, wrist and feet)
during wireless modes of operation.
FCC Class B Notice
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference;
(2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that
may cause undesired operation.
Note:
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B
digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to
provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential
installation. This equipment can generate, use and radiate radio frequency energy
and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful
interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that
interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause
harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by
turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the
interference by one or more of the following measures:
iv
z
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
z
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
z
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which
the receiver is connected.
z
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/television technician for help
Contents
Contents
Before You Use........................................................................................... ix
Unpacking .................................................................................................... ix
Features ...................................................................................................... ix
ADSL Compliance .................................................................................. ix
ADSL2 Compliance................................................................................. ix
ADSL2+ Compliance ............................................................................... ix
Wireless LAN Compliance .......................................................................... x
ATM Features ........................................................................................ x
Bridging Features .................................................................................... x
Routing Features.................................................................................... xi
Security Features ................................................................................... xi
Configuration and Management .................................................................. xi
Subscription for ADSL Service ............................................................................xii
Chapter 1: Overview ..................................................................................... 1
Physical Outlook ............................................................................................. 1
Front Panel ........................................................................................... 1
Rear Panel ............................................................................................ 2
Chapter 2: System Requirement and Installation ...................................................... 3
System Requirement ........................................................................................ 3
Choosing a place for the ADSL Router ................................................................... 3
Connecting the ADSL Router .............................................................................. 4
USB Driver Installation ...................................................................................... 5
For Windows ME..................................................................................... 5
For Windows 2000................................................................................... 5
For Windows XP ..................................................................................... 7
For Windows Vista................................................................................. 11
Uninstalling the USB Driver............................................................................... 19
For Windows ME................................................................................... 19
For Windows 2000................................................................................. 19
For Windows XP ................................................................................... 23
For Windows Vista................................................................................. 25
Setting up TCP/IP .......................................................................................... 30
For Windows 98.................................................................................... 30
For Windows ME................................................................................... 33
For Windows NT ................................................................................... 35
For Windows 2000................................................................................. 38
For Windows XP ................................................................................... 41
For Windows Vista................................................................................. 44
Renewing IP Address on Client PC ..................................................................... 47
For Windows 98/ME ............................................................................... 47
For Windows NT/2000/XP ........................................................................ 47
For Windows Vista................................................................................. 49
Chapter 3: Accessing the Internet .................................................................... 51
PPP over ATM (PPPoA) Mode........................................................................... 52
PPP over ATM (PPPoA) IP Extension Mode........................................................... 53
PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE) Mode ...................................................................... 54
PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE) IP Extension Mode ...................................................... 55
Numbered IP over ATM (IPoA)........................................................................... 56
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ADSL Router User Manual
Numbered IP over ATM (IPoA)+NAT ................................................................... 58
Unnumbered IP over ATM (IPoA) ....................................................................... 60
Unnumbered IP over ATM (IPoA)+NAT ................................................................ 62
Bridge Mode ................................................................................................ 64
MER.......................................................................................................... 65
Chapter 4: Web Configuration ....................................................................... 67
Using Web-Based Manager .............................................................................. 67
To Have the New Settings Take Effect ......................................................... 68
Language ........................................................................................... 68
Quick Start .................................................................................................. 69
Connect to Internet ................................................................................ 69
Quick Setup......................................................................................... 69
Connection Type ................................................................................... 70
PPP over ATM/ PPP over Ethernet ............................................................. 70
IP over ATM ........................................................................................ 73
Bridging.............................................................................................. 75
Status ........................................................................................................ 77
Overview ............................................................................................ 77
ADSL Line .......................................................................................... 78
Internet Connection................................................................................ 79
Traffic Statistics .................................................................................... 79
DHCP Table ........................................................................................ 79
Wireless Clients .................................................................................... 79
Routing Table....................................................................................... 79
ARP Table .......................................................................................... 79
Advanced Setup............................................................................................ 81
Local Network – IP Address ...................................................................... 81
Local Network – DHCP Server................................................................... 82
Local Network – UPnP ............................................................................ 83
Local Network – IGMP Snooping ................................................................ 83
Internet – Connections ............................................................................ 85
Internet – DNS Server............................................................................. 88
Internet – IGMP Proxy............................................................................. 88
Internet – ADSL .................................................................................... 89
IP Routing – Static Route ......................................................................... 89
IP Routing – Dynamic Routing ................................................................... 91
Virtual Server – Port Forwarding................................................................. 92
Virtual Server – Port Triggering .................................................................. 94
Virtual Server – DMZ Host........................................................................ 95
Virtual Server – Dynamic DNS ................................................................... 95
Virtual Server – Static DNS....................................................................... 96
Firewall – Bridge Filtering......................................................................... 97
Firewall – IP Filtering .............................................................................. 98
Quality of Service – Bridge QoS ............................................................... 100
Quality of Service – IP QoS .................................................................... 101
Port Mapping ..................................................................................... 103
Wireless ................................................................................................... 105
Basic ............................................................................................... 105
Security............................................................................................ 107
Access Control ................................................................................... 113
Repeater .......................................................................................... 114
Management.............................................................................................. 115
Diagnostics ....................................................................................... 115
Management Accounts.......................................................................... 116
Management Control – From Remote ........................................................ 116
vi
Contents
Management Control – From Local ...........................................................
Internet Time .....................................................................................
System Log .......................................................................................
SNMP Setting ....................................................................................
Backup Config....................................................................................
Update Firmware.................................................................................
Reset Router .....................................................................................
UPnP for XP ......................................................................................
117
117
118
122
123
124
124
125
Chapter 5: Troubleshooting ........................................................................ 127
Problems with LAN ...................................................................................... 127
Problems with WAN ..................................................................................... 127
Problems with Upgrading ............................................................................... 128
Chapter 6: Glossary .................................................................................. 129
Appendix A: Specifications ........................................................................ 131
Appendix B: Client Setup for 802.1x, WPA, and WPA-PSK ................................. 133
Retreiving Client Certificate ....................................................................
Enabling 802.1x Authentication and Security ................................................
Enabling WPA Authentication and Security ..................................................
Enabling WPA-PSK Authentication and Security............................................
133
136
139
141
128H
129H
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ADSL Router User Manual
viii
Before You Use
Before You Use
Thank you for choosing the Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL) Router. With
the asymmetric technology, this device runs over standard copper phone lines. In
addition, ADSL allows you to have both voice and data services in use
simultaneously all over one phone line.
RTA1030W Wireless ADSL2+ Router is a DSL broadband access device which
allows ADSL connectivity while providing 802.11g wireless LAN capabilities for home
or office users. It supports ADSL2/ADSL2+ and is backward compatible to ADSL,
even offers auto-negotiation capability for different flavors (G.dmt, G.lite, or T1.413
Issue 2) according to central office DSLAM’s settings (Digital Subscriber Line Access
Multiplexer). Also the feature-rich routing functions are seamlessly integrated to
ADSL service for existing corporate or home users. Now users can enjoy various
bandwidth-consuming applications via RTA1030W Wireless ADSL2+ Router.
Unpacking
Check the contents of the package against the pack contents checklist below. If any
of the items is missing, contact the dealer from whom the equipment was
purchased.
9
ADSL Router
9
Power Adapter and Cord
9
RJ-11 ADSL Line Cable
9
RJ-45 Ethernet Cable
9
USB Cable
9
Quick Start Guide
9
Driver & Utility Software CD
Features
ADSL Compliance
³
ANSI T1.413 Issue 2
³
ITU G.992.1 Annex A (G.dmt)
³
ITU G.992.2 Annex A (G.lite)
³
ITU G.994.1 (G.hs)
³
Support dying gasp
³
Maximum Rate: 8 Mbps for downstream and 1 Mbps for upstream
ADSL2 Compliance
³
ITU G.992.3 Annex A (G.dmt.bis)
³
Support dying gasp
³
Maximum Rate: 12 Mbps for downstream and 1 Mbps for upstream
ADSL2+ Compliance
³
ITU G.992.5 Annex A
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ADSL Router User Manual
³
Support dying gasp
³
Maximum Rate: 24 Mbps for downstream and 1.2 Mbps for upstream
Wireless LAN Compliance
³
IEEE 802.11g and IEEE 802.11b
³
Data Rate: 54, 48, 36, 24, 18, 12, 9, 6 Mbps for 802.11g; 11, 5.5, 2, 1 Mbps for
802.11b
³
Modulation Technique: OFDM for 802.11g; CCK (11 Mbps, 5.5 Mbps) for
802.11b; DQPSK (2Mbps) for 802.11b; DBPSK (1 Mbps) for 802.11b
³
Network Architecture: infrastructure
³
Operating Frequency: 2.4 ~ 2.5 GHz
³
Operating Channels: depending on local regulations. For example, 11
Channels (Northern America), 13 Channels (Europe), and 14 Channels (Japan)
³
Support the selection of best quality channel automatically
³
RF Output Power: 13.5+/-1.5dBm for 802.11g; 17.5+/-1.5dBm for 802.11b
³
Antenna Connectors: Hardware diversity support. One external antenna and
one internal antenna are provided.
³
Coverage Area: 300 meters
³
Support WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) mechanism which uses RC4 with
64-bit or 128-bit key length
³
Support 802.1x and WPA/WPA2
³
Support the Access Control function: only registered WLAN clients are allowed
to associate to this device.
³
SSID can be hidden for the security issue (Don’t broadcast SSID).
³
Support the Repeater function to extend the coverage area
³
Support wireless user isolation for the hotspot
ATM Features
³
Compliant to ATM Forum UNI 3.1 / 4.0 Permanent Virtual Circuits (PVCs)
³
Support up to 16 PVCs for UBR, CBR, VBR-nrt, VBR-rt with traffic shaping
³
RFC2684 LLC Encapsulation and VC Multiplexing over AAL5
³
RFC2364 Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) over AAL5
³
RFC2225 Classical IP and ARP over ATM
³
RFC2516 PPP over Ethernet: support Relay (Transparent Forwarding) and
Client functions
³
Support PPPoA or PPPoE Bridged mode (the IP address got from ISP can be
passed to the user’s PC and behave as the IP address of the user’s PC.)
³
OAM F4/F5 End-to-End/Segment Loopback Cells
Bridging Features
x
³
Supports self-learning bridge specified in IEEE 802.1D Transparent Bridging
³
Supports up to 4096 learning MAC addresses
³
Transparent Bridging among 10/100 Mb Ethernet, USB, and 802.11g wireless
LAN
³
Supports IGMP Snooping
Before You Use
³
Supports 802.1Q VLAN packet pass-through
Routing Features
³
NAT (Network Address Translation) / PAT (Port Address Translation) let
multiple users on the LAN to access the Internet for the cost of only one IP
address.
³
ALGs (Application Level Gateways): such as NetMeeting, MSN Messenger,
FTP, Quick Time, mIRC, Real Player, CuSeeMe, VPN pass-through with
multiple sessions, RTSP, SIP, etc.
³
Port Forwarding: the users can setup multiple virtual servers (e.g., Web, FTP,
Mail servers) on user’s local network.
³
Support DMZ
³
UPnP IGD (Internet Gateway Device) with NAT traversal capability
³
Static routes, RFC1058 RIPv1, RFC1723 RIPv2
³
DNS Relay, Dynamic DNS
³
DHCP Client/Relay/Server
³
Time protocol can be used to get current time from network time server
³
Support IGMP Proxy
³
Support port mapping function which allows you to assign all data traffic
transmitted among specific Internet connections and LAN ports
³
Support IP/Bridge QoS for prioritize the transmission of different traffic classes
³
Support 802.1Q VLAN Tagging
Security Features
³
PAP (RFC1334), CHAP (RFC1994), and MS-CHAP/MS-CHAP2 for PPP
session
³
Firewall support IP packets filtering based on IP address/Port number/Protocol
type
³
Bridge packet filtering (optional)
³
URL filtering (optional)
³
Support DoS (Deny of Services) which detect & protect a number of attacks
(such as SYN/FIN/RST Flood, Smurf, WinNuke, Echo Scan, Xmas Tree Scan,
etc)
Configuration and Management
³
User-friendly embedded web configuration interface with password protection
³
Remote management accesses control
³
Telnet/SSH session for local or remote management
³
Firmware upgrades through HTTP, TFTP or FTP
³
The boot loader contains very simple web page to allow the users to update
the run-time firmware image.
³
Configuration file backup and restore
³
SNMPv1/v2 agent with MIB-II, ADSL Line MIB
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ADSL Router User Manual
Subscription for ADSL Service
To use the ADSL Router, you have to subscribe for ADSL service from your
broadband service provider. According to the service type you subscribe, you will get
various IP addresses:
Dynamic IP:
If you apply for dial-up connection, you will be given an Internet
account with username and password. You will get a dynamic IP by dialing up to
your ISP, such as under PPPoA, PPPoE, or MER mode.
Static IP address:
If you apply for full-time connectivity, you may get either one
static IP address or a range of IP addresses from your ISP. The IP address varies
according to different ADSL service provider, such as using IPoA or MER mode.
Notes and Cautions
Note and Caution in this manual are highlighted with graphics as below to indicate
important information.
Note
Caution
xii
Contains information that corresponds to a specific topic.
Represents essential steps, actions, or messages that should not be
ignored.
Chapter 1: Overview
Chapter 1: Overview
This chapter provides you the description for the LEDs and connectors on the front
and rear surface of the router. Before you use/install this router, please take a look at
this information first.
Physical Outlook
Front Panel
The following illustration displays the front panel of the ADSL Router:
LED Indicators
The ADSL Router is equipped with several LEDs on the front panel as described in
the table below (from right to left):
Function
Power
Color
Definition
Off
Power is off.
Solid Green
Power is on and the device operates normally.
Solid Red
Power on self-test is in progress
The device enters the console mode of the boot loader.
Power on self-test is failure if the led always stays solid red.
Flash Red
DSL
PPP
Firmware upgrades in progress
Off
No DSL signal is detected.
Slow Flash Green
DSL line handshaking is in progress
Fast Flash Green
DSL line training is in progress
Solid Green
DSL line connection is up.
Off
No PPPoA or PPPoE connection
Solid Green
At least one PPPoA or PPPoE connection is up. The users can
access the Internet now.
Ethernet
USB
WLAN
Off
No Ethernet signal is detected.
Flash Green
User data is going through Ethernet port
Solid Green
Ethernet interface is ready to work.
Off
No USB signal is detected.
Flash Green
User data is going through USB port
Solid Green
USB interface is ready to work.
Off
No radio signal is detected.
Flash Green
User data is going through WLAN port
Solid Green
WLAN interface is ready to work.
1
ADSL Router User Manual
Rear Panel
The following figure illustrates the rear panel of your ADSL Router:
Connector
Description
12VAC
12VAC Power connector
Power switch
Ethernet
Ethernet RJ-45 connector
USB
USB connector
DSL
RJ-11 connector
Note: For use only with power supply OEM type AA-121ABN, AA-121AD,
AA-121AE; Leader type A48120100-C5, A48120100-B2, and A48120100-A3.
2
Chapter 2: System Requirement and Installation
Chapter 2: System Requirement and Installation
System Requirement
To access the ADSL Router via Ethernet, the host computer must meet the following
requirements:
™
™
™
™
Equipped with an Ethernet network interface.
Have TCP/IP installed.
Allow the client PC to obtain an IP address automatically or set
a fixed IP address.
With a web browser installed: Internet Explorer 5.x or later.
The ADSL Router is configured with the default IP address of 192.168.1.1 and
subnet mask of 255.255.255.0. Considering that the DHCP server is Enable by
default, the DHCP clients should be able to access the ADSL Router, or the host PC
should be assigned an IP address first for initial configuration.
You also can manage the ADSL Router through a web browser-based manager:
ADSL ROUTER CONTROL PANEL. The ADSL Router manager uses the HTTP
protocol via a web browser to allow you to set up and manage the device.
To configure the device via web browser, at least one
properly-configured PC must be connected to the network (either
connected directly or through an external hub/switch to the LAN port
of the device).
Choosing a place for the ADSL Router
n
o
p
Place the ADSL Router close to ADSL wall outlet and power outlet for the
cable to reach it easily.
Avoid placing the device in places where people may walk on the cables. Also
keep it away from direct sunlight or heat sources.
Place the device on a flat and stable stand.
3
ADSL Router User Manual
Connecting the ADSL Router
Follow the steps below to connect the related devices.
n
o
p
q
r
Connecting the ADSL line.
Connect the DSL port of the
device to your ADSL wall
outlet with RJ-11 cable.
Please attach one end of the
Ethernet cable with RJ-45
connector to the LAN port of
your ADSL Router.
Connect the other end of the
cable to the Ethernet port of
the client PC.
Connect the supplied power
adapter to the PWR port of
your ADSL Router, and plug
the other end to a power
outlet.
Turn on the power switch.
Here is an example for connecting
the PC(s) to the router through a
hub.
4
Chapter 2: System Requirement and Installation
USB Driver Installation
If the ADSL router is connected to a PC through the USB interface, you will be
prompted for the USB drivers when plugging the USB cable to the PC. Refer to the
relevant operating system to install the USB drivers.
For Windows ME
n
Run the USB installation program from the CD provided in your router
package.
o
p
q
r
s
An InstallShield Wizard will appear. Please wait for a moment.
When the welcome screen appears, click Next for the next step.
When the complete window of the InstallShield Wizard appears, click
Finish.
Link your router and the PC with a USB cable.
The system will detect the USB driver automatically. Then, the system will
copy the proper files for this router.
Note: If the USB device is not detected automatically, check the USB cable
between the PC and the device. Besides, verify that the device is power on.
t
When the file copying finished, the dialog above will close. Now the USB
driver is installed properly. You can use the router.
For Windows 2000
n
o
Run the USB installation program from the CD provided in your router
package.
An InstallShield Wizard will appear. Please wait for a moment.
p
When the welcome screen appears, click Next for the next step.
5
ADSL Router User Manual
q
r
s
When the complete window of the InstallShield Wizard appears, click
Finish.
Link your router and the PC with a USB cable.
The system will detect the USB driver automatically.
will copy the proper files for this router.
And then, the system
Note: If the USB device is not detected automatically, check the USB
cable between the PC and the device. Besides, make sure that the device
is power on.
t
When the file copying finished, the dialog above will close. Now the USB
driver is installed properly. You can use the router.
To make sure that your router is properly installed, please do the following steps.
1. Right-click on My Computer and press Properties.
6
Chapter 2: System Requirement and Installation
2. On the Hardware tap, click Device Manager.
3. Confirm that the Askey ADSL Router USB Remote NDIS Device is on the
Network adapters list.
For Windows XP
n
o
Run the USB installation program from the CD provided in your router
package.
An InstallShield Wizard will appear. Please wait for a moment.
7
ADSL Router User Manual
p
When the welcome screen appears, click Next for the next step.
q
When the complete message of InstallShield Wizard appears, click Finish.
r
s
Link your router and the PC with a USB cable.
The system will detect the USB driver automatically.
Note: If the USB device is not detected, check the USB cable between the
PC and the device. Also make sure that the device is power on.
t
8
Then the system will try to find the proper driver for your router and copy the
files automatically.
Chapter 2: System Requirement and Installation
u
After the file copying finished, a completing message will appear.
v
You can use the wireless router now.
To make sure your router is properly installed, please do the following steps.
1. Right-click on My Computer and press Properties.
2. On the Hardware tab, click Device Manager.
9
ADSL Router User Manual
3. Confirm that the Askey ADSL Router USB Remote NDIS Device is on the
Network adapters list.
10
Chapter 2: System Requirement and Installation
For Windows Vista
For Vista users, please press Continue whenever a prompted window asking for
permission to continue during USB driver installation process (see the figure below
for example).
To install the USB driver before connect the router to the PC, here provides two
methods.
Method One – Use the driver CD came with the product package.
n
o
Run the USB installation program on the CD provided in your router
package.
An InstallShield Wizard will appear. Please wait for a moment.
p
When the welcome screen appears, click Next for the next step.
11
ADSL Router User Manual
q
r
s
When the complete message of InstallShield Wizard appears, click Finish.
Link your router and the PC with a USB cable.
The system will detect the USB driver automatically.
Note: If the USB device is not detected, check the USB cable between the
PC and the device. Also make sure that the device is power on.
12
t
After the file copying finished, a completing message will appear.
u
You can use the router now.
Chapter 2: System Requirement and Installation
Method Two – Run a silent installation.
n
o
Copy the USB driver folder from the driver CD to somewhere on the PC. (In
our example, the driver files are put under D:\Askey ADSL USB WHQLed.)
Open Start menu, key in cmd in the blank and press enter. Then click cmd.
2
1
p
q
r
When the Command Prompt screen appears, point to the driver folder on
your PC, and then enter setup -s. Press enter to start silent installation.
The system will install the driver automatically. You can connect your router
and the PC with a USB cable now.
The system will detect the USB driver automatically.
Note: If the USB device is not detected, check the USB cable between the
PC and the device. Also make sure that the device is power on.
s
t
After the file copying finished, a completing message will appear.
You can use the router now.
13
ADSL Router User Manual
If the USB driver has not been installed yet, you can also connect the router to the
PC with a USB cable and wait for Universal Plug and Play device to detect the router,
and then install the driver.
n
o
p
q
14
Plug the USB cable into the USB port on the PC.
A Found New Hardware window will appear. Press Locate and install
driver software (recommended).
Then insert the USB driver CD provided in your router package into the PC,
and press Next.
The system will search disc for the USB driver needed and then complete
the installation.
Chapter 2: System Requirement and Installation
Or if you do not have a disc, but have the driver files on your PC, you can follow the
steps below:
p
Press I don’t have the disc. Show me other options.
q
Select Browse my computer for driver software (advanced).
r
Press Browse to set the path for the driver file, and then press Next.
15
ADSL Router User Manual
s
t
Wait while the system installing the driver.
Now the driver software is installed successfully. Press Close to start using
the router.
To make sure the USB driver for your router is properly installed, please do the
following steps.
1. Open the Start menu and press Control Panel.
16
Chapter 2: System Requirement and Installation
2. On the Control Panel folder, click System and Maintenance.
3. Press System.
4. Click Device Manager.
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ADSL Router User Manual
5. Confirm that the Askey ADSL Router USB Remote NDIS Device is on the
Network adapters list.
18
Chapter 2: System Requirement and Installation
Uninstalling the USB Driver
For Windows ME
To uninstall the USB driver, please follow the procedures below.
Method One:
n
Unplug the USB cable from the USB port on your PC.
o
Choose Programs – Askey Broadband – Uninstall Askey ADSL Router
USB Driver from the Start menu.
p
The InstallShield Wizard dialog will appear.
q
A dialog appears to confirm whether you really want to remove the USB
driver or not. Please click Ok.
r
When the Maintenance Complete screen appears, the USB driver is
removed successfully. Click Finish.
Method Two:
n
Unplug the USB cable between your router and your PC. Then click OK.
o
Choose Settings – Control Panel from the Start menu. Choose
Add/Remove Programs.
p
A dialog appears to ask you to choose the program that you want to remove.
Please select Askey ADSL Router USB Driver and click Change/Remove.
q
r
The InstallShield Wizard dialog will appear.
When the Maintenance Complete screen appears, the USB driver is
removed successfully. Click Finish.
For Windows 2000
To uninstall the USB driver, there are two ways to do it. Please do the following
procedures.
Method One:
n
To safely unplug the USB cable from the USB port on your PC:
1.
Go to the right lower corner for Unplug and Eject Hardware and left click
on it.
2.
Click the dialog for Stop Askey ADSL Router USB Remote NDIS
Device.
3.
The Router is safely removed, click OK to continue.
19
ADSL Router User Manual
o
Choose Programs – Askey Broadband – Uninstall Askey ADSL Router
USB Driver from the Start menu.
p
The InstallShield Wizard dialog will appear.
q
A dialog appears to confirm whether you want to remove the USB driver or
not. Please click Ok.
r
When the Maintenance Complete screen appears, the USB driver is
removed successfully. Click Finish.
Method Two:
n
To safely unplug the USB cable from the USB port on your PC:
1.
20
Go to the right lower corner for Unplug and Eject Hardware and left click
on it.
Chapter 2: System Requirement and Installation
o
p
q
2.
Click the dialog for Stop Askey ADSL Router USB Remote NDIS
Device.
3.
The Router is safely removed, click OK to continue.
Choose Settings – Control Panel from the Start menu. Choose
Add/Remove Programs.
A dialog appears to ask you to choose the program that you want to remove.
Please select Askey ADSL Router USB Driver and click Change/Remove.
A Confirm Uninstall dialog will show up, unplug your device from the USB
port and click OK.
21
ADSL Router User Manual
r
s
22
The InstallShield Wizard will guide you till the USB driver is removed.
When the Maintenance Complete screen appears, the USB driver is
removed successfully. Click Finish.
Chapter 2: System Requirement and Installation
For Windows XP
To uninstall the USB driver, there are two ways to do it. Please do as follows.
Method One:
n
o
p
q
r
Unplug your USB cable between your router and your PC.
Choose Programs – Askey Broadband – Uninstall Askey ADSL Router
USB Driver from the Start menu.
The InstallShield Wizard dialog will appear.
A dialog appears to confirm whether you want to remove the USB driver or
not. Unplug the USB cable from your PC, and click Ok.
When the Maintenance Complete screen appears, the USB driver is
removed successfully. Click Finish.
Method Two:
n
Unplug your USB cable between your router and your PC.
23
ADSL Router User Manual
o
p
q
r
s
24
Choose Settings – Control Panel from the Start menu. Choose Add or
Remove Programs.
A dialog appears to ask you to choose the program that you want to remove.
Please select Askey ADSL Router USB Driver and click Change/Remove.
The InstallShield Wizard dialog will appear.
A dialog appears to confirm whether you want to remove the USB driver or
not. Unplug the USB cable from your PC, and click Ok.
When the Maintenance Complete screen appears, the USB driver is
removed successfully. Click Finish.
Chapter 2: System Requirement and Installation
For Windows Vista
For Vista users, please press Continue whenever a prompted window asking for
permission to continue during USB driver uninstallation process (see the figure
below for example).
To uninstall the USB driver, there are two ways to do it. Please follow the
instructions.
Method One: Remove from Device Manager.
n
Choose Start menu, and then select Control Panel.
o
Click System and Maintenance.
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ADSL Router User Manual
p
Press System.
q
Click Device Manager.
r
26
Right click Askey ADSL Router USB Remote NDIS Device on the
Network adapters list, and press Uninstall.
Chapter 2: System Requirement and Installation
s
Click OK when the Confirm Uninstall window appears.
Remember to unplug the USB cable before continue the uninstallation, or
you will see the reminder as follows. Unplug and press OK.
t
u
v
When the Confirm Device Uninstall screen show up, check Delete the
driver software for the device and click OK to continue.
Wait while the system is uninstalling.
When the uninstallation is finished, the icon of this router under network
adapter list will disappear.
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ADSL Router User Manual
Method Two – uninstall from program list
Note: If your USB driver is installed by UPnP device, you can only use method one
(via the Device Manager) to uninstall, because the installed driver will not be shown
on the program list.
n
o
p
Unplug your USB cable between your router and your PC.
Choose Start menu, and open Control Panel folder. Click Uninstall a
program.
If the driver name is not on the list, click Refresh button or F5 to update the
information. To remove the driver, select it, and then press Uninstall.
Refresh button
q
28
Then the system will start to uninstall the USB driver software automatically.
Chapter 2: System Requirement and Installation
r
When Maintenance Complete window shows up, click Finish to exit.
s
The USB driver is successfully removed now.
29
ADSL Router User Manual
Setting up TCP/IP
In order to access the Internet through the ADSL Router, each host on
your network must install/setup TCP/IP first. Please follow the steps
below to set your network adapter.
If the TCP/IP protocol has not been installed yet, please follow the steps below for
installation. In the following illustrations, we will set the PC to get an IP address
automatically at the same time.
For Windows 98
30
1.
Open the Start menu,
point to Settings and
click on Control Panel.
2.
Double-click the Network icon.
Chapter 2: System Requirement and Installation
3.
The Network window appears.
On the Configuration tab, check
out the list of installed network
components.
Option 1: If there is no TCP/IP
protocol, click Add.
Option 2: If you have TCP/IP
protocol, skip to Step 6.
Your network
interface card.
Check out if TCP/IP
for your NIC is
installed or not.
4.
Highlight Protocol and click Add.
5.
Highlight Microsoft on the left
side of the window, and select
TCP/IP on the right side. Then
click OK.
6.
When returning to the Network
window, highlight TCP/IP
protocol for your NIC and click
Properties.
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ADSL Router User Manual
32
7.
On the IP Address tab:
Enable Obtain an IP address
automatically and click OK.
8.
When returning to the Network
window, click OK
9.
Wait for Windows when copying
files.
10.
When prompted with System
Settings Change dialog box,
click Yes to restart your
computer.
Chapter 2: System Requirement and Installation
For Windows ME
1. Open the Start menu, point to
Settings and click on Control
Panel.
2. Double-click the Network icon.
3. The Network window appears. On
the Configuration tab, check out
the list of installed network
components.
Option 1: If there is no TCP/IP
protocol, click Add.
Option 2: If you have TCP/IP
protocol, skip to Step 6.
Your network
interface card.
Check out if TCP/IP
for your NIC is
installed or not.
4. Highlight Protocol and click Add.
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ADSL Router User Manual
5. Highlight Microsoft on the left
side of the windows, and select
TCP/IP on the right side. Then
click OK.
6. While returning to Network
window, highlight TCP/IP protocol
for your NIC and click Properties.
7. On IP Address tab:
Enable Obtain an IP address
automatically and click OK.
34
Chapter 2: System Requirement and Installation
8. While returning to the Network
window, click OK.
9. Wait for Windows when copying
files.
10. When prompted with the System
Settings Change dialog box, click
Yes to restart your computer.
For Windows NT
1. Click Start, point to Settings, and
then click Control Panel.
2. Double-click the Network icon.
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ADSL Router User Manual
3. The Network window appears. On
the Protocols tab, check out the
list of installed network
components.
Option 1: If there is no TCP/IP
Protocol, click Add.
Option 2: If you have TCP/IP
Protocol installed, skip to Step 7.
4. Highlight TCP/IP Protocol and
click OK.
5. Insert the Windows NT CD into
your CD-ROM drive and type the
location of the CD. Then click
Continue.
36
Chapter 2: System Requirement and Installation
6. When returning to the Network
window. Open the Protocols tab,
then select TCP/IP Protocol and
click Properties.
7.
Enable Obtain an IP address
from a DHCP server and click
OK.
8.
When prompted with the
message below, click Yes to
continue.
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ADSL Router User Manual
9.
When returning to Network
window, click Close.
10.
When prompted with Network
Settings Change dialog box,
click Yes to restart your
computer.
For Windows 2000
1.
38
From the Start menu, point to
Settings and then click Network
and Dial-up Connections.
Chapter 2: System Requirement and Installation
2.
Right-click the Local Area
Connection icon and then click
Properties.
3.
On the General tab, check out
the list of installed network
components.
Option 1: If there is no TCP/IP
Protocol, click Install.
Option 2: If you have TCP/IP
Protocol, skip to Step 6.
4.
Highlight Protocol and then click
Add.
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ADSL Router User Manual
40
5.
Click Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
and then click OK.
6.
When returning to the Local
Area Connection Properties
window, highlight Internet
Protocol (TCP/IP) and then click
Properties.
7.
Under the General tab, enable
Obtain an IP address
automatically. Then click OK.
Chapter 2: System Requirement and Installation
For Windows XP
1.
Open the Start menu, point to
Control Panel and click it.
2.
Double click the Network
Connection.
3.
Right click Local Area
Connection and then click
Properties.
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ADSL Router User Manual
4.
On the General tab, check out
the list of installed network
components.
Option 1: If there is no TCP/IP
Protocol, click Install.
Option 2: If you have TCP/IP
Protocol, skip to Step 7.
If there is no TCP/IP
protocol installed on your
PC, press Install to continue.
42
5.
Highlight Protocol and then click
Add.
6.
Click Internet Protocol(TCP/IP)
and then click OK.
Chapter 2: System Requirement and Installation
7.
When it returns to the General
Tab on the Local Area
Connection Properties window,
highlight Internet Protocol
(TCP/IP) and then click
Properties.
8.
Under the General tab, select
Obtain an IP address
automatically, and Obtain DNS
server address automatically.
Then click Ok.
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ADSL Router User Manual
For Windows Vista
44
1.
Open the Start menu,
point to Control Panel
and click it.
2.
Click Network and
Internet.
3.
Select Network and
Sharing Center.
Chapter 2: System Requirement and Installation
4.
Click Manage Network
Connection on the left
side.
5.
Right click Local Area
Connection and select
Properties.
6.
On the Networking tab,
you will find Internet
Protocol Version 6 and
Version 4. Contact your
ISP to confirm which one
will be used. (We take
TCP/IPv4 for example
here.)
Select Internet Protocol
Version 4 (TCP/IPv4)
and press Properties.
45
ADSL Router User Manual
7.
46
Under the General tab,
select Obtain an IP
address automatically,
and Obtain DNS server
address automatically.
Then click Ok to exit.
Chapter 2: System Requirement and Installation
Renewing IP Address on Client PC
After the ADSL Router gets online, there is a chance that your PC does not renew its
IP address and thus causes the PC not able to access the Internet. To solve this
problem, please follow the procedures below to renew PC’s IP address.
For Windows 98/ME
1. Select Run from the Start menu.
2. Type winipcfg in the text box and
click OK.
3. When the figure below appears,
click Release to let go of the
address and then click the Renew
button to obtain a new IP address.
For Windows NT/2000/XP
1. Open the Start menu, and click
Run... on this menu.
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ADSL Router User Manual
2. Type cmd in the text box that
appears and click OK. Then you
will see the command prompt
window.
— Another way to open the
command prompt:
From Start menu, point to
Programs, select Accessories,
and then click Command Prompt.
3. Type ipconfig at the command
prompt window and press Enter to
view the computer’s IP information
from DHCP server.
4. If the computer is holding a
current IP address, type ipconfig
/release to let go of the address,
then type ipconfig /renew to
obtain a new one.
Released IP Address
48
Chapter 2: System Requirement and Installation
For Windows Vista
1. Open the Start menu, and
type cmd in the text box
then click OK.
2. The command prompt
window will appear.
3. Type ipconfig at the
command window and
press Enter to view the
computer’s IP information
from DHCP server.
4. If the computer is holding a
current IP address, type
ipconfig /release to let go
of the address, then type
ipconfig /renew to obtain
a new one.
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ADSL Router User Manual
Note:
If you cannot release the IP
address successfully and see
the message “The requested
operation requires
elevation,” please go to the
Start menu and right click
Command Prompt, then set
Run as administrator.
Press Continue when a dialog
asking for permission to
continue prompts.
After then, repeat the above
instruction to release and
renew the IP address.
50
Chapter 3: Accessing the Internet
Chapter 3: Accessing the Internet
This chapter aims to help you access the Internet in a quick and
convenient way. If you need more detailed information for web
configuration, please refer to the next chapter for the advanced
configuration.
Before configuring the ADSL Router, you must decide whether to configure the
ADSL Router as a bridge or as a router. This chapter presents some deployment
examples for your reference. Each mode includes its general configure procedures.
For more detailed information about web configuration, refer to "Web Configuration".
…
…
…
…
…
…
…
…
…
…
PPP over ATM (PPPoA)
PPPoA IP Extenstion
PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE)
PPPoE IP Extension
Numbered IP over ATM (IPoA)
Numbered IP over ATM (IPoA) + NAT
Unnumbered IP over ATM (IPoA)
Unnumbered IP over ATM (IPoA) + NAT
Bridge Mode
MER (Bridge Mode + NAT)
To ensure your PC accessing the Internet successfully, please check the following
first.
A network interface card is installed on your PC.
…
The ADSL Router is solidly connected with your computer.
…
The TCP/IP protocol has been installed and the IP address setting is to
obtain IP address automatically.
When all above preparations are ready, you can open the Browser and type
“192.168.1.1” into the URL box and start to make the web configuration for different
connection modes.
…
This chapter is going to introduce the function of each connection mode and the
basic configuring steps that you have to do. If you do not follow the configuring steps
for using these connection modes, you might get some connection problems and
cannot connect to the Internet well.
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ADSL Router User Manual
PPP over ATM (PPPoA) Mode
Default Private IP
192.168.1.1
Dynamic Public IP
assigned by BRAS
ISP
192.168.1.3
STM-1
Loop
(Internet Service Provider)
Ethernet
BRAS
AAA
DSLAM
RDAIUS
Server
*BRAS: Broadband
Remote Access Server
ADSL
Router
Hub
192.168.1.2
PPP over ATM
PC(S)
PPPoA+NAT+DHCP
on Private LAN
Description:
In this deployment environment, the PPPoA session is between the ADSL WAN
interface and BRAS. The ADSL Router gets a public IP address from BRAS when
connecting to DSLAM. The multiple client PCs will get private IP address from the
DHCP server enabled on private LAN. The enabled NAT mechanism will translate
the IP information for clients to access the Internet.
Configuration:
1.
Start your browser and type 192.168.1.1 as the address to access ADSL
web-based manager.
52
2.
Go to Quick Start – Quick Setup. Uncheck Auto Scan Internet Connection
(PVC). Key in the VCI and VPI value, e.g.:
VPI – 0
VCI – 38
Click the Next button.
3.
On the Configure Internet Connection – Connection Type page, select PPP
over ATM (PPPoA) then click the Next button.
4.
On the WAN IP Settings page, select Obtain an IP address automatically
and check Enable NAT box. Click Next.
5.
On the PPP Username and Password page, enter the PPP username and
password that you got from your ISP. Select Always on or select Dial on
Demand and key in the inactivity timeout value. (The default value is 20
minutes.) Then click Next.
6.
On the Configure LAN side Settings page, key in the IP address and subnet
mask for your LAN, e.g.:
Primary IP address: 192.168.1.1
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
Check DHCP Server on box. And key in the start and end IP address, e.g.:
Start IP Address:192.168.1.2
End IP Address: 192.168.1.254
Then enter the leased time (the default is 1 day), and click Next.
7.
Check the network information on This Internet Connection – Summary
page. Make sure the settings match the information provided by your ISP. Click
Finish.
Chapter 3: Accessing the Internet
PPP over ATM (PPPoA) IP Extension Mode
Default Private IP
192.168.1.1
Dynamic Public IP
assigned by BRAS
ISP
Loop
STM-1
(Internet Service Provider)
Ethernet
BRAS
AAA
DSLAM
ADSL
Router
Hub
PC
RDAIUS
Server
*BRAS: Broadband
Remote Access Server
PPP over ATM
PPPoA+NAT+DHCP
on Private LAN
Description:
In this deployment environment, the PPPoA session is between the ADSL WAN
interface and BRAS. The ADSL Router acts as a bridge and receives a public IP
address from BRAS for your computer. And only the one that bears the public IP
address is allowed to access the Internet. Moreover, no NAT translation will be done
at this case.
Configuration:
1.
Start your browser and type 192.168.1.1 in the URL box to access ADSL
web-based manager.
2.
Go to Advanced – Internet – Connections. And click Add.
3.
Key in the VCI and VPI value, e.g.:
VPI – 0
VCI – 38
Click the Next button.
4.
On the Configure Internet Connection – Connection Type page, select PPP
over ATM (PPPoA) then click the Next button.
5.
On the WAN IP Settings page, select Obtain an IP address automatically,
check PPP IP extension (and Enable NAT would become disabled
automatically) then click Next.
6.
On the PPP Username and Password page, enter the PPP username and
password offered by your ISP. Select Always on, and then click Next.
7.
Check the network information on This Internet Connection – Summary
page. Make sure the settings match the settings provided by the ISP. Click
Apply.
8.
Press Finish.
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ADSL Router User Manual
PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE) Mode
Default Private IP
192.168.1.1
Dynamic Public IP
assigned by BRAS
ISP
192.168.1.3
STM-1
(Internet Service Provider)
Loop
Ethernet
BRAS
AAA
DSLAM
ADSL
Router
192.168.1.2
RDAIUS
Server
*BRAS: Broadband
Remote Access Server
Hub
PC(S)
PPP over Ethernet
PPPoE+NAT+DHCP
on Private LAN
Description:
In this deployment environment, the PPPoE session is between the ADSL WAN
interface and BRAS. The ADSL Router gets a public IP address from BRAS when
connecting to DSLAM. The multiple client PCs will get private IP address from the
DHCP server enabled on private LAN. The enabled NAT mechanism will translate
the IP information for clients to access the Internet.
Configuration:
1.
Start your browser and type 192.168.1.1 in the URL box to access ADSL
web-based manager.
54
2.
Go to Quick Start – Quick Setup. Uncheck Auto Scan Internet Connection
(PVC). Key in the VCI and VPI value, e.g.:
VPI – 0
VCI – 39
Click the Next button.
3.
On the Configure Internet Connection – Connection Type page, select PPP
over Ethernet (PPPoE) then click the Next button.
4.
On the WAN IP Settings page, select Obtain an IP address automatically
and check Enable NAT box. Click Next.
5.
On the PPP Username and Password page, enter the PPP username and
password that you got from your ISP. Select Always on or select Dial on
Demand and key in the inactivity timeout value. (The default value is 20
minutes.) Then click Next.
6.
On the Configure LAN side Settings page, key in the IP address and subnet
mask for your LAN, e.g.:
Primary IP address: 192.168.1.1
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
Check DHCP Server on box. And key in the start and end IP address, e.g.:
Start IP Address:192.168.1.2
End IP Address: 192.168.1.254
Then enter the leased time ( the default is 1 day), and click Next.
7.
Check the network information on This Internet Connection -- Summary
page. Make sure the settings match the information provided by your ISP. Click
Finish.
Chapter 3: Accessing the Internet
PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE) IP Extension Mode
Default Private IP
192.168.1.1
Dynamic Public IP
assigned by BRAS
ISP
(Internet Service Provider)
Loop
STM-1
BRAS
DSLAM
AAA
Ethernet
ADSL
Router
Hub
PC(S)
RDAIUS
Server
*BRAS: Broadband
Remote Access Server
PPP over Ethernet
PPPoE IP
Extension Mode
Description:
In this deployment environment, the PPPoE session is between the ADSL WAN
interface and BRAS. The ADSL Router acts as a bridge and gets a public IP address
from BRAS for your computer. And only the one that got the public IP address is
allowed to access into Internet. The real IP that you got is acquired from ISP.
Moreover, no NAT translation will be done at this case.
Configuration:
1.
Start your browser and type 192.168.1.1 in the URL box to access ADSL
web-based manager.
2.
Go to Advanced – Internet – Connections. And click Add.
3.
Key in the VCI and VPI value, e.g.:
VPI – 0
VCI – 39
Click the Next button.
4.
On the Configure Internet Connection – Connection Type page, select PPP
over Ethernet (PPPoE) then click the Next button.
5.
On the WAN IP Settings page, select Obtain an IP address automatically,
check PPP IP extension (and Enable NAT would become disabled
automatically) then click Next.
6.
On the PPP Username and Password page, enter the PPP username and
password offered by your ISP. Select Always on, and then click Next.
7.
Check the network information on This Internet Connection -- Summary
page. Make sure the settings match the settings provided by the ISP. Click
Apply.
8.
Press Finish.
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ADSL Router User Manual
Numbered IP over ATM (IPoA)
Default Private IP
192.168.1.1
ISP
(Internet Service Provider)
STM-1
Loop
10.11.80.83
10.11.80.81
S/W
10.11.95.233
AAA
BRAS
DSLAM
ADSL
Router
RDAIUS
Server
*BRAS: Broadband
Remote Access Server
Hub
10.11.80.82
PC(S)
IP over ATM
Public IP Pre-assigned by ISP
Description:
If you apply for multiple IP addresses from your ISP, you can assign these public IP
addresses to the ADSL Router and public server, e.g., Web or FTP server. Typically
the first IP is network address, the second is used as router IP address and the last
one is for subnet broadcasting. Other remaining IP addresses can be assigned to
PCs on the LAN.
The following example uses the LAN IP address ranging from 10.11.80.81 to
10.11.80.86 and the subnet mask for LAN is 255.255.255.248. The WAN IP address
is 10.11.95.233, and the subnet mask for WAN is 255.255.255.248.
Configuration:
1.
Start your browser and type 192.168.1.1 in the URL box to access ADSL
web-based manager.
56
2.
Go to Quick Start – Quick Setup. Uncheck Auto Scan Internet Connection
(PVC). Key in the VCI and VPI value, e.g.:
VPI – 0
VCI – 32
Click the Next button.
3.
On the Configure Internet Connection – Connection Type page, select IP
over ATM (IPoA) then click Next.
4.
On the WAN IP Settings page, select Use the following IP address and Use
the following DNS Server Address, then key in the information that your ISP
offered, e.g.:
WAN IP Address: 10.11.95.233
WAN Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.248
Primary DNS server: 168.95.1.1
Secondary DNS server: 168.95.192.1
Uncheck Enable NAT and click Next.
5.
On the Configure LAN side Settings page, key in the information for your
LAN, e.g.,
Primary IP Address: 192.168.1.1
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
Start IP Address: 192.168.1.2
End IP Address: 192.168.1.254
6.
Check Configure the second IP Address and Subnet Mask for LAN
Interface and enter the information needed.
Secondary IP Address: 10.11.80.81
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.248
Chapter 3: Accessing the Internet
Click Next.
7.
Check the network information on the Summary page. Make sure the settings
match the settings provided by your ISP. Click Finish.
8.
Refer to the TCP/IP properties, specify an IP Address, and fill in other
information needed, e.g.:
IP Address: 10.11.80.82
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.248
Gateway: 10.11.80.81
Preferred DNS server: 168.95.1.1
9.
Now the router is well-configured. You can access the Internet.
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ADSL Router User Manual
Numbered IP over ATM (IPoA)+NAT
Description:
In this deployment environment, we make up a private IP network of 192.168.1.1.
NAT function is enabled (on ADSL Router or use another NAT box connected to hub)
to support multiple clients to access the Router and some public servers (WWW,
FTP).
If you apply for multiple IP addresses from your ISP, you can assign these public IP
addresses to the ADSL Router and public server, e.g., Web or FTP server. Typically
the first IP is network address, the second is used as router IP address and the last
one is subnet broadcasting. Other remaining IP addresses can be assigned to PCs
on the LAN.
The following example uses the IP address ranging from 10.11.80.81 to 10.11.80.86
and the subnet mask is 255.255.255.248.
Configuration:
1.
Start your browser and type 192.168.1.1 in the URL box to access ADSL
web-based manager.
58
2.
Go to Quick Start – Quick Setup. Uncheck Auto Scan Internet Connection
(PVC). Key in the VCI and VPI value, e.g.:
VPI – 0
VCI – 32
Click the Next button.
3.
On the Configure Internet Connection – Connection Type page, select IP
over ATM (IPoA) then click Next.
4.
On the WAN IP Settings page, select Use the following IP address and Use
the following DNS Server Address, then key in the information that your ISP
offered, e.g.:
WAN IP Address: 10.11.80.81
WAN Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.248
Primary DNS server: 168.95.1.1
Secondary DNS server: 168.95.192.1
5.
Check the Enable NAT box. And click Next.
6.
On the Configure LAN side Settings page, key in the information for your
LAN, e.g.,
Chapter 3: Accessing the Internet
Primary IP Address: 192.168.1.1
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
Start IP Address: 192.168.1.2
End IP Address: 192.168.1.254
7.
Check the network information. Make sure the settings match the settings
provided by ISP. Click Finish.
8.
Now the router is well configured. You can access into Internet.
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ADSL Router User Manual
Unnumbered IP over ATM (IPoA)
Default Private IP
192.168.1.1
ISP
(Internet Service Provider)
STM-1
Loop
10.11.80.83
10.11.80.81
S/W
AAA
BRAS
DSLAM
ADSL
Router
10.11.80.82
PC(S)
RDAIUS
Server
*BRAS: Broadband
Remote Access Server
Hub
IP over ATM
Public IP Pre-assigned
by ISP
Description:
If you apply for multiple IP addresses from your ISP, you can assign these public IP
addresses to the ADSL Router and public server, e.g., Web or FTP server. Typically
the first IP is network address, the second is used as router IP address and the last
one is subnet broadcasting. Other remaining IP addresses can be assigned to PCs
on the LAN.
The following example uses the IP address ranging from 10.11.80.81 to 10.11.80.86
and the subnet mask is 255.255.255.248. In such circumstance, we do not assign
any WAN IP.
Configuration:
1.
Start your browser and type 192.168.1.1 in the URL box to access ADSL
web-based manager.
60
2.
Go to Quick Start – Quick Setup. Uncheck Auto Scan Internet Connection
(PVC). Key in the VCI and VPI value, e.g.:
VPI – 0
VCI – 32
Click the Next button.
3.
On the Configure Internet Connection – Connection Type page, select IP
over ATM (IPoA) then click Next.
4.
On the WAN IP Settings page, select None for WAN IP address settings.
Then, select Use the following DNS Server Address and key in the
information that your ISP offered, e.g.:
Primary DNS server: 168.95.1.1
Secondary DNS server: 168.95.192.1
Uncheck Enable NAT and click Next.
5.
On the Configure LAN side Settings page, key in the information for your
LAN, e.g.,
Primary IP Address: 192.168.1.1
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
Start IP Address: 192.168.1.2
End IP Address: 192.168.1.254
6.
Check Configure the second IP Address and Subnet Mask for LAN
Interface and enter the information needed, e.g.,
Secondary IP Address: 10.11.80.81
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.248
Check DHCP Server Off and click Next.
Chapter 3: Accessing the Internet
7.
Check the network information on the Summary page. Make sure the settings
match the settings provided by your ISP. Click Finish.
8.
Refer to the TCP/IP properties, specify an IP Address, and fill in other
information needed, e.g.:
IP Address: 10.11.80.82
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.248
Gateway: 10.11.80.81
Preferred DNS server: 168.95.1.1
9.
Now the router is well-configured. You can access the Internet.
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Unnumbered IP over ATM (IPoA)+NAT
Description:
If you apply for multiple IP addresses from your ISP, you can assign these public IP
addresses to the ADSL Router and public server, e.g., Web or FTP server. Typically
the first IP is network address, the second is used as router IP address and the last
one is subnet broadcasting. Other remaining IP addresses can be assigned to PCs
on the LAN.
The following example uses the IP address ranging from 10.11.80.81 to 10.11.80.86
and the subnet mask is 255.255.255.248. In such circumstance, we enable NAT
function but not assign any WAN IP.
Configuration:
1.
Start your browser and type 192.168.1.1 in the URL box to access ADSL
web-based manager.
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2.
Go to Quick Start – Quick Setup. Uncheck Auto Scan Internet Connection
(PVC). Key in the VCI and VPI value, e.g.:
VPI – 0
VCI – 32
Click the Next button.
3.
On the Configure Internet Connection – Connection Type page, select IP
over ATM (IPoA) then click Next.
4.
On the WAN IP Settings page, select None for WAN IP address settings.
Then, select Use the following DNS Server Address and key in the
information that your ISP offered, e.g.:
Primary DNS server: 168.95.1.1
Secondary DNS server: 168.95.192.1
5.
Check the Enable NAT box. And click Next.
6.
On the Configure LAN side Settings page, key in the information for your
LAN, e.g.,
Primary IP Address: 192.168.1.1
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
Start IP Address: 192.168.1.2
End IP Address: 192.168.1.254
Chapter 3: Accessing the Internet
7.
Check Configure the second IP Address and Subnet Mask for LAN
Interface and enter the information needed, e.g.,
Secondary IP Address: 10.11.80.81
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.248
Click Next.
8.
Check the network information on the Summary page. Make sure the contents
match the settings provided by your ISP. Click Finish.
9.
Now the router is well-configured. You can access the Internet.
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Bridge Mode
Default Private IP
192.168.1.1
ISP
AAA
Loop
STM-1
(Internet Service Provider)
BRAS
DSLAM
RDAIUS
Server
PPPoE
Client S/W
ADSL
Router
Hub
PC(S)
*BRAS: Broadband
Remote Access Server
Bridge Mode
Description:
In this example, the ADSL Router acts as a bridge which bridging the PC IP
addresses from LAN to WAN. The PC IP address can be a static public address that
is pre-assigned by the ISP or a dynamic public address that is assigned by the ISP
DHCP server, or an IP address received from PPPoE software.
Therefore, it does not require a public IP address. It only has a default private IP
address (192.168.1.1) for management purpose.
Configuration:
1.
Choose a client PC and set the IP as 192.168.1.x (x is between 2 and 254) and
the gateway as 192.168.1.1.
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2.
Start your browser and type 192.168.1.1 in the URL box to access ADSL
web-based manager.
3.
Go to Quick Start – Quick Setup. Uncheck Auto Scan Internet Connection
(PVC). Key in the VCI and VPI value, e.g.,
VPI – 0
VCI – 35
Then click the Next button.
4.
On the Configure Internet Connection – Connection Type page, select
Bridging then click the Next button.
5.
On the WAN IP Settings page, select None for WAN IP address settings.
6.
On the Configure LAN side Settings page, enter the IP address and subnet
mask for your LAN, e.g.:
Primary IP address: 192.168.1.1
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
Choose DHCP Server Off and click Next.
7.
Check the network information on the Summary page. Make sure the contents
match the settings provided by your ISP. Click Finish.
8.
Refer to the TCP/IP properties, specify an IP Address, and fill in other
information needed, e.g.:
IP Address: 10.11.86.81
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.248
Gateway: 10.11.86.1
Preferred DNS server: 168.95.1.1
9.
Click OK. Now the router is well-configured. You can access to the Internet.
Chapter 3: Accessing the Internet
MER
Default Private IP
192.168.1.1
Public IP
assigned by BRAS
ISP
STM-1
(Internet Service Provider)
BRAS
Loop
DSLAM
AAA
Ethernet
ADSL
Hub
Router
PC
RDAIUS
Server
*BRAS: Broadband
Remote Access Server
MER
Description:
In this deployment environment, we make up a private IP network of 192.168.1.1.
NAT function is enabled to support multiple clients to access to Internet.
In this example, the ADSL Router acts as a NAT device which translates a private IP
address into a public address. Therefore multiple users can share with one public IP
address to access the Internet through this router. The public address can be a
static public address that is pre-assigned by ISP or a dynamic public address that is
assigned by the ISP DHCP server.
Configuration:
1. Start your browser and type 192.168.1.1 in the URL box to access ADSL
web-based manager.
2. Go to Quick Start – Quick Setup. Uncheck Auto Scan Internet Connection
(PVC). Key in the VCI and VPI value, e.g.,
VPI – 0
VCI – 37
Then click the Next button.
3. On the Configure Internet Connection – Connection Type page, select
Bridging and then click the Next button.
4. On the WAN IP Settings page, select Obtain an IP address automatically;
then, select Obtain DNS server address automatically.
5. Check Enable NAT. Then click Next.
6. On the Configure LAN side Settings page, key in the IP address and subnet
mask for your LAN. Check DHCP Server On box, and enter the start and end
points, e.g.:
Primary IP address:192.168.1.1
Subnet Mask:255.255.255.0
Start IP Address:192.168.1.2
End IP Address: 192.168.1.254
Then key in the leased time that you want. And click Next
7. Check the network information on the Summary page. Make sure the contents
match the settings provided by your ISP. Click Finish.
8. Now the router is well-configured. You can access the Internet.
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ADSL Router User Manual
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Chapter 4: Web Configuration
Chapter 4: Web Configuration
Some users might want to set specific configuration for the router such
as firewall, data transmission rate…, and so on. This chapter will
provide you advanced information of the web pages for the router for
your reference.
Using Web-Based Manager
After properly configuring you host PC, please proceed as follows:
1. Start your web browser and type
192.168.1.1, the private IP address of the
ADSL Router, in the URL field.
2. After connecting to the device, you will be
prompted to enter username and
password. By default, both the username
and the password are admin. An example
under Windows XP is shown as the left
figure.
If you login successfully, the main page will
appear. From now on, the ADSL Router
acts as a web server sending HTML
pages/forms on your request. You can fill
in these pages/forms and apply them to
the ADSL Router.
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ADSL Router User Manual
Outline of Web Manager
To configure the web page, please use admin as the username and the password.
The main screen will be shown as below.
Main Menu
Title
Current Version
Main Window
Title:
The title of this management interface.
Main
Menu:
Including Quick Start, Status, Advanced, Wireless, and Management.
Main
Window:
The current workspace of the web manager, containing configuration
or status information.
Current
Version:
Here provides the version info for firmware, ADSL2+, and Wireless.
To Have the New Settings Take Effect
After selecting or adjusting the settings according to your needs, your
customizations will be saved to the flash memory before you restart the router. And
only after rebooting the router, your customizations may take effect.
Language
On the top to the right of this web page, it provides a drop-down menu for you to
choose a proper language. (However, we only offer English at present.)
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Chapter 4: Web Configuration
Quick Start
The pages under the Quick Start menu provide user a quick way to set up the router.
If you do not know much about the router, you can use the Quick Start pages to
adjust basic settings to activate your router.
Connect to Internet
This is a quick way to connect to the
Internet by using PPPoE interface,
please click Connect to Internet to
open the web page.
Enter the user name and password
(that you get from the ISP) for your
ADSL router and click Connect.
The system will connect automatically,
and then you can access the Internet.
Quick Setup
The quick setup wizard will guide you
to configure the ADSL router through
some specific steps. Yet different
connection interface will lead to
different setting pages. Refer to the
following pages for detailed
information.
Auto Scan Internet Connection
(PVC):
If there is no any PVC configured in
your ADSL router, you can check this
item. Otherwise, please uncheck this
box.
VPI (Virtual Path Identifier): Identifies
the virtual path between endpoints in
an ATM network. The valid range is
from 0 to 255. To enter the setting,
please refer to the setting that the ISP
offered.
VCI (Virtual Channel Identifier):
Identifies the virtual channel endpoints
in an ATM network. The valid range is
from 32 to 65535 (1 to 31 is reserved
for well-known protocols). To enter the
setting, please refer to the setting that
the ISP gave you.
After entering the VPI/VCI value,
please click Next for the following
step.
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ADSL Router User Manual
Connection Type
The system provides several protocols for you to choose. Your ISP will offer you the
most suitable settings of the protocol. Before you set this page, please refer to the
protocol that your ISP offered.
After clicking on the Next button from
the VPI/VCI web page, the following
screen will appear. Please choose the
connection type and encapsulation
mode that you want to use and click
Next for next page.
For instance, PPP over Ethernet
(PPPoE) is selected in this
demonstrative figure.
PPP over ATM/ PPP over Ethernet
If the connection type you choose is PPP over ATM or PPP over Ethernet, please
refer to the following information.
According to the ISP’s configuration
on the server, you can choose PPPoE
or PPPoA modes.
Choose PPPoA or PPPoE and click
Next.
On this screen, you have to make the
settings for WAN IP. To get the IP
address automatically, click the
Obtain an IP address automatically
radio button. Or click Use the
following IP address button and
enter the IP address for WAN
interface.
Check Enable NAT if you need.
MTU:
It means the maximum size of the
packet that transmitted in the network.
The packet of the data greater than
the value set here will be divided into
several packets for transmitting.
Type the value into the field of MTU.
The default setting for PPPoE is 1492;
while for PPPoA is 1500.
Click Next for the next procedure.
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Chapter 4: Web Configuration
PPP Username & PPP Password:
Key in the username and password
that you received from your ISP. (e.g.,
askey4/askey4 here.)
Always On:
Select this item to make the
connection active all the time.
Dial on Demand:
Select this item to make a connection
automatically while in demand. Enter
the timeout to cut off the network
connection if there is no activity for
this router.
Manually Connect:
Select this item to make a connection
by pressing the Connect hyperlink on
the Advanced Setup – Internet –
Connections web page.
Please fill in the data requested on the
Configure LAN side Settings page.
Primary IP Address & Subnet Mask:
Key in the information that offered by
your ISP for the LAN connection.
Configure the secondary IP
Address and Subnet Mask:
Check this box to set up a secondary
IP Address to connect to your router if
they are not included in the range that
DHCP server accepts. See the next
figure for the secondary IP address
and subnet mask.
Secondary IP Address & Subnet
Mask:
Key in the second IP address and the
subnet mask received from the ISP for
your LAN connection.
On this web page, the primary IP
address and subnet mask will be
shown on it. You can modify them
if needed.
MTU: (refer to the WAN section)
The default MTU value for LAN side
Settings is 1500. You may modify it if
necessary.
DHCP Server On:
Check this item if DHCP service is
needed on the LAN side. The router
will assign IP address and gateway
address for each of your PCs.
Start IP Address & End IP Address:
Enter the information needed.
Leased Time:
Key in the duration for the time. The
default is 1day.
DHCP Server Off:
Check this item if DHCP service is not
needed on the LAN.
Key in all the necessary settings
and click Next for the coming
page.
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ADSL Router User Manual
You can check the contents on the
Summary page.
If you find anything incorrect, click
Back to modify the settings.
If everything is OK, click Finish to
accept these settings.
Now, the system will reboot to activate
the new settings that you have set in
this section.
Please wait for 2 minutes before
restarting the router.
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Chapter 4: Web Configuration
IP over ATM
If the type you have to choose is IP over ATM, please refer to the following
information.
IPoA is an alternative of LAN
emulation. It allows TCP/IP network to
access ATM network and uses ATM
quality of service’s features.
Choose IPoA and click Next.
None:
If it is not necessary to set the WAN IP
address, please click this button.
Obtain an IP address automatically:
Click this button to allow the system to
get an IP address automatically.
WAN IP Address & WAN Subnet
Mask:
If you choose Use the following IP
address, you have to enter the IP
address and subnet mask information
that you received from the ISP for the
WAN interface.
Obtain DNS server address
automatically:
Only when you select Obtain an IP
address automatically that this
option is available. You may click this
button to allow the system to get DNS
server address automatically.
After setting up the WAN IP and
DNS server information, click Next
to open the following page.
Use the following DNS server
addresses:
Select this item to set the DNS server
addresses manually, type the
information provided by your ISP in
the following Primary DNS and
Secondary DNS server entries, e.g.
168.95.1.1 and 168.95.192.1.
Click Enable NAT if you want.
On the Configure LAN side Settings
page, you have to fill in the data
requested.
Primary IP Address & Subnet Mask:
Key in the information that offered by
your ISP for the LAN connection, e.g.,
192.168.1.1 for the primary IP address
and 255.255.255.0 for the subnet
mask.
MTU:
(Please refer to the PPPoA/ PPPoE
section.) The default MTU setting here
is 1500. You may modify it if needed.
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ADSL Router User Manual
Configure the secondary IP
Address and Subnet Mask for LAN
interface:
Check this box to set up a secondary
IP Address to connect to your router if
they are not included in the range that
DHCP server accepts. You have to
key in the information received from
your ISP for the LAN connection, e.g.,
the secondary IP is 10.11.80.81 and
the mask is 255.255.255.248 in the
example illustrated in the figure.
DHCP Server On:
Check this item if DHCP service is
needed on the LAN side. The router
will assign IP address and gateway
address for each of your PCs.
Start IP Address & End IP Address:
Enter the information needed.
Lease Time:
Key in the duration for the time. The
default is 1day.
DHCP Server Off:
Check this item if DHCP service is not
needed on the LAN.
You can check the settings on the
Summary page.
If you find anything incorrect, click
Back to modify the settings.
If everything is OK, click Finish to
accept these settings.
And the following page will appear.
Now, the system will reboot to activate
the new settings that you have set in
this section.
Please wait for 2 minutes before
restarting the router.
74
Key in all the necessary settings.
Click Next for the coming page.
Chapter 4: Web Configuration
Bridging
If the mode you choose is Bridging (or MER), please refer to the following
information.
The bridging mode can configure your
router to send and receive packets
between LAN and WAN interfaces.
The WAN interface is ATM PVC; the
LAN interface can be Ethernet, USB,
or Wireless.
Choose Bridging and click Next.
None:
If it is not necessary to set the WAN IP
address, please click this button. In
our example, we select this item.
Obtain an IP address automatically:
Click this button to allow the system to
get an IP address automatically.
WAN IP Address, WAN Subnet
Mask, and Default Gateway:
When choosing Use the following IP
address, you have to key in the IP
address, the subnet mask, and the
default gateway provided by your ISP
for the WAN interface.
The default setting is none, shown
as the figure above. While
selecting Obtain an IP address
automatically or Use the
following IP address, the DNS
setting appears, shown as the
figure below.
While you choose to obtain the IP
address automatically or use specific
IP address, you have to decide
whether to select Obtain DNS server
address automatically or Use the
following DNS server address and
enter the information provided by you
ISP.
You may check Enable NAT if
necessary.
Press Next to continue.
Primary IP Address & Subnet Mask:
Key in the IP address and the subnet
mask that provided by your ISP for
LAN interface. The primary IP address
and subnet mask for our example are
192.168.1.1 and 255.255.255.0,
respectively.
MTU: Please refer to PPPoA/ PPPoE.
DHCP Server On:
Check this item if DHCP service is
needed on the LAN. The router will
assign IP address and gateway
address for each of your PCs. If you
enable this function, you have to enter
the information for Start IP, End IP
and Lease Time. The default value for
lease time is one day.
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ADSL Router User Manual
DHCP Server Off:
Check this item if DHCP service is not
needed on the LAN. We choose this
item in our example.
You can check the settings on the
Summary page now.
If you find anything incorrect, click
Back to modify the settings.
If everything is OK, click Finish to
accept these settings.
And the following page will appear.
Now, the system will reboot to activate
the new settings that you have done in
this section.
Please wait for 2 minutes before
restarting the router.
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Chapter 4: Web Configuration
Status
Overview
This page displays the current status for the ADSL connection, including the period
of activating the router, ADSL speed, and the information about LAN IP address,
default gateway, DNS server, firmware version, boot loader version, ADSL driver
version, wireless driver version, wireless BSSID, and Ethernet MAC address. The
system status will be different according to the settings that you configured in the
web pages.
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ADSL Router User Manual
ADSL Line
This page shows all information for
ADSL.
For knowing the quality of the ADSL
connection, please click ADSL BER
Test button to have advanced
information.
Click More Information hyperlink to
see more detailed information about
ADSL Line Status.
ADSL BER Test
This test determines the quality of the
ADSL connection. It is done by
transferring idle cells containing a
known pattern and comparing the
received data with this known pattern
to check for errors.
After selecting the test duration time
and click Start, the following dialog
appears to tell you the test is running.
You can stop the test by clicking Stop
or close this dialog window by
pressing Close.
When the test is over, the result will be
shown on the following dialog window
for your reference. Click Close to
close this window.
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Chapter 4: Web Configuration
Internet Connection
This page displays the connection
information for your router, such as the
PVC name, VPI/VCI value, service
category, protocol, invoking NAT and
QoS or not, IP address, linking status,
and so on.
Traffic Statistics
This table shows the records of data
going through the LAN and WAN
interfaces. For each interface,
cumulative totals are displayed for
Received and Transmitted.
You can click Reset to reset the
amount.
DHCP Table
This table shows all DHCP clients who
get their IP addresses from your ADSL
Router. For each DHCP client, it
shows the Host Name, MAC
Address, IP Address and the Lease
Time.
Wireless Clients
This table shows the MAC address for
all of the wireless LAN clients currently
associated to your ADSL Router.
Routing Table
This table shows the routing rules that
your router uses.
ARP Table
This table shows the IP address
record for IP-to-Physical translation in
your router.
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ADSL Router User Manual
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Chapter 4: Web Configuration
Advanced Setup
Local Network – IP Address
This page is the same as you can see on the Configure LAN side Settings page
while running the Quick Setup. It allows you to set IP Address and Subnet Mask
values for LAN interface.
Primary IP Address:
Key in the first IP address that you
received from your ISP for the LAN
connection.
Subnet Mask:
Key in the subnet mask that you
received from your ISP for the LAN
connection.
Host Name:
List the host name of this device.
Domain Name:
List the name of the domain.
Configure the secondary IP
Address and Subnet Mask:
Check this box to enter another set of
IP Address and Subnet Mask to
connect to your router if they are not
included in the range that DHCP
server accepts.
After checking this box, the secondary
IP address and subnet mask entries
will show up, as shown in the right
figure. Enter the information provided
by your ISP for your LAN connection.
MTU:
It means the maximum size of the
packet that transmitted in the network.
The packet of the data greater than
the number set here will be divided
into several packets for transmitting.
Type the value into the field of MTU.
The default setting for LAN is 1500.
Apply:
Click this button to activate the
settings listed above.
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ADSL Router User Manual
Local Network – DHCP Server
This allows you to set DHCP server on LAN interface.
DHCP Server On:
Check this item if DHCP service is
needed on the LAN. The router will
assign IP address and gateway
address for each of your PCs.
You have to key in Start IP Address,
End IP Address, and Lease Time.
The default lease time is 1day.
Relay On:
Click this button to have a relay
setting. And type the Server IP in the
IP field.
When the DHCP server is served by
another device rather than the router
itself, you can relay to that specific
server and enter the IP address of it,
as 10.11.95.2 in our example.
Server and Relay Off:
Check this item if DHCP service isn’t
needed on the LAN.
Apply:
Click this button to activate the
settings listed above.
You can reserve one specific IP
address for a certain PC for particular
purpose. Simply add a mapping entry
of MAC address & IP address for that
PC by pressing the Reserved IP
Address List button. The window as
the one shown in the right column will
appear.
Click the Add button to open another
dialog window, shown as the right. On
PC’s MAC Address and Assigned IP
Address boxes, please type the
correct information according to your
need and click Apply.
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Chapter 4: Web Configuration
The information added will be shown
on the window right away, as the right
figure illustrates. That is, the specified
address will be reserved and not be
assigned by DHCP for other
computer(s).
You may click Add button to add
another set or click Close to exit.
Local Network – UPnP
The UPnP is only available for Windows XP. If you are not a Windows XP user, you
may ignore this page.
Enabling the UPnP IGD and NAT
traversal function allows the users to
perform more applications behind NAT
without additional configuration
settings or ALG support on your ADSL
Router.
You can enable the UPnP function
through this web page by checking
Enable UPnP and press Apply.
Local Network – IGMP Snooping
Traditionally, IP packets are transmitted in one of either two ways - Unicast (1 sender
to 1 recipient) or Broadcast (1 sender to everyone on the network). Multicast delivers
IP packets to just a group of hosts on the network.
Without IGMP snooping, multicast traffic is treated in the same manner as broadcast
traffic, that is, it is forwarded to all ports. With IGMP snooping, multicast traffic of a
group is only forwarded to ports that have members of that group. IGMP snooping
generates no additional network traffic, allowing you to significantly reduce multicast
traffic passing through your switch.
The figure below shows a simple network connected via an ADSL router. There are
four Ethernet clients, one using USB, and two wireless clients.
Now suppose the video server is the multicast transmitter and host A and D are
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ADSL Router User Manual
multicast receivers. If we do not turn on the IGMP snooping function, the router will
forward the multicast traffic to all hosts on all interfaces and consequently block and
interrupt the traffic of USB and wireless users, shown as the following figure.
When IGMP snooping is invoked, it makes the system aware to establish the best
path for multicast service to save LAN bandwidth. Refer the figure below, just as
desired, only host A and D will actually receive multicast traffic when IGMP snooping
is enabled.
While IGMP snooping is enabled, the
IGMP packets will be monitored, the
membership information will be
recorded and processed, and the
multicast traffic will only be forwarded
to those LAN interfaces, such as
Ethernet, Wireless, and USB, which
are bonded to the subscribed
multicast groups. Thus it helps to
save the bandwidth and helps the
devices to perform more effectively.
Check Enable IGMP Snooping and
click Apply to invoke this function.
If the PVC you’re using is NAT
enabled, remember to turn on the
IGMP Proxy at the same time.
Please refer to Internet – IGMP
Proxy for more information.
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Note that the IGMP proxy must be
enabled first. If the IGMP Snooping
function is not available as shown in the
following figure, you have to enable the
IGMP Proxy first.
Chapter 4: Web Configuration
Internet – Connections
To set WAN settings for each service, please open Advanced – Internet. This page
allows you to edit, to remove, or to add WAN settings.
If you click the Connect hyperlink
under the PVC Name item, the system
will connect to WAN automatically. If
the WAN connection is OK, you can
check the detailed information directly.
You can add new PVC(s) by clicking
the Add button, edit the settings for
in the
the present PVC by clicking
Edit column, or delete the existing
PVC by pressing icon.
Adding a New One
To add a new WAN connection, please click the Add button. The following screen
appears.
VPI (Virtual Path Identifier):
Identifies the virtual path between
endpoints in an ATM network. The
valid range is from 0 to 255. Please
refer to the value that your ISP
provides.
VCI (Virtual Channel Identifier):
Identifies the virtual channel endpoints
in an ATM network. The valid range is
from 32 to 65535 (1 to 31 is reserved
for well-known protocols). Please refer
to the value that your ISP provides.
Service Category:
It decides the size and rate for the
packets of the data in different service
type. There are five categories
provided here for your selection,
shown as the drop-down menu in the
right column.
If you select UBR with PCR or CBR,
you have to offer the value for the
peak cell rate.
If you choose Non Realtime VBR, or
Realtime VBR, you have to key in the
value for the peak cell rate,
sustainable cell rate, and maximum
burst size.
The range for Peak Cell Rate is from
1 to 2500; the value for Sustainable
Cell Rate ranges from 1 to 2499 and
must be smaller than Peak Cell Rate,
and the range for Maximum Burst
Size is from 1 to 1000000.
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After pressing Next, you will see the
web page listed as the right one.
Choose the protocol that you would
like to use. (Here is the example for
choosing PPPoA.)
Please refer to Quick Setup for more
information if you don’t know how to
set the configuration.
You can check Enable QoS to
improve performance for selected
applications. More detailed information
for QoS will be introduced in later
instruction.
If you choose PPPoE or Bridging,
you will see the option for 802.1Q
VLAN Tagging.
802.1Q VLAN Tagging:
802.1Q-compliant switch ports can be
configured to transmit tagged or
untagged frames. A tag field
containing VLAN (and/or 802.1p
priority) information can be inserted
into an Ethernet frame. If a port has an
802.1Q-compliant device attached
(such as another switch), these
tagged frames can carry VLAN
membership information between
switches, thus letting a VLAN span
multiple switches. However, it is
important for network administrators to
ensure ports with
non-802.1Q-compliant devices
attached are configured to transmit
untagged frames. Many NICs for PCs
and printers are not 802.1Q-compliant.
If they receive a tagged frame, they
will not understand the VLAN tag and
will drop the frame. Also, the
maximum legal Ethernet frame size for
tagged frames was increased in
802.1Q (and its companion, 802.3ac)
from 1,518 to 1,522 bytes.
After checking Enable 802.1Q VLAN
Tagging, you will have to enter a
VLAN ID, as shown in the figure.
VLAN ID:
The VLAN Identifier is a 12 bit field. It
uniquely identifies the VLAN to which
the frame belongs to and can have a
value between 0 and 4095.
Click Next to continue.
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Notice that 802.1Q VLAN
Tagging function can only be
invoked under PPPoE and
Bridging Mode; the system will
not provide this option while
setting PPPoA or IPoA mode.
Chapter 4: Web Configuration
The WAN IP settings page will differ
slightly according to the protocol that
you choose. This graphic is the one
that you will see if you choose the
PPPoE mode in the previous step.
You can select Enable NAT or PPP IP
extension according to your needs.
And you can also change the MTU
value.
Add Default Route:
Check this item to add a default route.
The next figure following the WAN IP
Settings under the PPPoE mode is
shown at the right. You may refer to
the Quick Setup for further
information.
If you choose IP over ATM from the
Connection Type web page, you will
get a web page as the figure.
You may refer to Quick StartConnection Type- IPoA section for
more information.
Add Default Route:
Check this item to add a default IPoA
route onto the routing table.
If you choose Bridging from the
Connection Type web page, you will
get a web page as the figure listed at
the right side.
Please refer to Quick Setup for more
information.
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Internet – DNS Server
If Enable Automatic Assigned DNS checkbox is selected, this router will accept
the first received DNS assignment from one of the PPPoA, PPPoE or MER/DHCP
enabled PVC(s) during the connection establishment. If the checkbox is not selected,
it is necessary for you to enter the primary and optional secondary DNS server IP
addresses. Finish your setting and click the Apply button to save it and invoke it.
Enable Automatic Assigned DNS:
Check this box to enable this function,
or uncheck this box to disable it. The
default setting is checked. When this
function is disabled, you have to offer
the Primary DNS server and
Secondary DNS server.
If you are satisfied with the settings,
click Apply.
Internet – IGMP Proxy
The Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) is an Internet protocol that
provides a way for an Internet computer to report its multicast group membership to
adjacent routers.
The hosts interact with the system through the exchange of IGMP messages. When
you want to configure IGMP proxy, the system will interact with other routers through
the exchange of IGMP messages. However, when acting as the proxy, the system
performs the host portion of the IGMP task as follows:
¾
When being queried, the system will send membership reports to the group.
¾
When one of the hosts joins a multicast address group which none of other
hosts belongs to, the system will send unsolicited membership reports to that
group.
¾
When the last host in a particular multicast group leaves the group, the system
will send a leave group membership report to the router’s group.
Internet Connection:
This field displays the internet
connection(s) that set in this router.
IGMP Proxy Enabled:
Check this box to enable this function
or uncheck this box to disable this
function.
After finish the settings, click Apply.
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Internet – ADSL
Enable ADSL Port:
Check this box to enable this function.
It simply invokes the line mode that
you choose here for the router.
Select the support of line modes:
There are several selections, and you
may select them according to the line
modes supported by your ISP and
your needs.
Capability Enabled:
Two items are provided here for you to
choose.
Bitswap:
It is a mandatory receiver initiated
feature to maintain the operating
conditions of the modem during
changing environment conditions. It
reallocates the data bits and power
among the allowed carriers without
modification of the higher layer control
parameters in the ATU. After a bit
swapping reconfiguration, the total
data rate and the data rate on each
latency path is unchanged. Check this
box to enable the function. If not,
uncheck this box to close the function.
Seamless Rate Adaptation:
It enables the ADSL2/ ADSL2+ Router
to change the data rate of the
connection while in operation without
any service interruption or bit errors.
Check this box to enable the function.
If not, uncheck this box to close the
function.
IP Routing – Static Route
The table shows all static route status and allows you to add new static IP route or
delete static route. A Static IP Routing is a manually defined path, which determines
the data transmitting route. If your local network is composed of multiple subnets,
you may want to specify a routing path to the routing table.
Destination Network Address:
Display the IP address that the data
packets are to be sent.
Netmask, Gateway, WAN Interface:
Display the subnet mask, gateway,
and WAN interface information that
the transmitting data will pass through.
Delete:
Allow you to remove the static route
settings.
This page shows all the routing
table of data packets going
through your ADSL Router.
Adding a New One
To add a static route, please click Add. Type the destination network address,
subnet mask and gateway that you received from the ISP and click Apply.
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IP Address:
The destination IP address of the
network indicates where data packets
are to be sent. You may specify an IP,
type 0.0.0.0, or leave it blank.
Netmask:
Enter the subnet mask that you got
from the ISP, type 0.0.0.0 or leave it
blank.
Gateway IP Address:
Click this button to forward packets to
the specific gateway. Key in the
gateway IP address that you want to
use.
WAN Interface:
Click this button to forward packets to
a specific WAN interface. Choose one
from the drop-down menu.
For example, type 192.168.1.1 in
the field of the gateway IP address
and leave the destination network
blank.
Click Apply to view the routing result.
Remove Static Route
If you don’t want the static route that
you created, please click the icon in
the Delete column from the table.
A dialog window will appear to confirm
your action. Click OK to remove the
static route, or click Cancel to keep
the setting.
Example – Static Route
Here provides you an example of Static Route.
For the LAN shown above, if the PC in the subnet of 192.168.1.x wants to access
the PC in the subnet of 192.168.10.x, we can set a static route in the ADSL router, in
which the destination is the PC in the subnet 192.168.10.x and the gateway is router
B. The setting would be as follows:
Destination: 192.168.10.0
Netmask: 255.255.255.0 (Standard Class C)
Gateway: 192.168.1.254 (Router B)
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IP Routing – Dynamic Routing
Routing Information Protocol (RIP) is utilized by means of exchanging routing
information between routers. It helps the routers to determine optimal routes. This
page allows you to enable/disable this function.
RIP Version:
It incorporates the RIP information
when receiving and broadcasting the
RIP packets. From the drop down
menu, select a RIP version to be
accepted, 1, 2 or both.
Operation:
There are two modes for you to
choose, Active and Passive. Select
Active for transmitting and receiving
data, or select Passive for receiving
data only.
Enabled:
Check Enabled to enable the RIP
function on different interface.
Otherwise, disable this function.
Click Apply to invoke the settings set
here.
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Virtual Server – Port Forwarding
The Router implements NAT to make your entire local network appear as a single
machine to the Internet. The typical situation is that you have local servers for
different services and you want to make them publicly accessible. With NAT applied,
it will translate the internal IP addresses of these servers to a single IP address that
is unique on the Internet. NAT function not only eliminates the need for multiple
public IP addresses but also provides a measure of security for your LAN.
When the router receives an incoming IP packet requesting for accessing your local
server, the router will recognize the service type according to the port number in this
packet (e.g., port 80 indicates HTTP service and port 21 indicates FTP service). By
specifying the port number, the router knows which service should be forwarded to
the local IP address that you specified.
After setting the virtual server, you should modify the filter rule about the port and
service information which you set on the virtual server. Because the firewall protects
the router by filter rule, you should update the filter rule after you set up the virtual
server.
Virtual Server function allows you to make servers on your LAN accessible to
Internet users. Normally, Internet users would not be able to access a server on your
LAN because:
…
Your server does not have a valid external IP Address.
…
Attempts to connect to devices on your LAN are blocked by the firewall in this
device.
The Virtual Server feature solves these problems and allows Internet users to
connect to your servers, as illustrated below:
IP Address seen by Internet Users
Once configured, anyone on the Internet can connect to your Virtual Servers.
Please note that, in the above picture, both Internet users are connecting to the
same IP address, but using different protocols, such as Http://203.70.212.52 and
Ftp://203.70.212.52.
To Internet users, all virtual servers on your LAN have the same IP Address. This IP
Address is allocated by your ISP. This address should be static, rather than dynamic,
to make it easier for Internet users to connect to your Servers. However, you can
use Dynamic DNS feature to allow users to connect to your virtual servers by using
a URL, instead of an IP address.
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IP addresses can be automatically redirected to local servers configured with private
IP addresses. In other words, depending on the requested service (TCP/UDP port
number), the router redirects the external service request to the appropriate server
(located at another internal IP address).
Add New Port Forwarding
To set a virtual server, please open the
Virtual Server item from the
Advanced setup menu.
To add a new Port Forwarding, please
click Add from the Port Forwarding
web page.
Pre-defined:
Choose one of the service types from
the first drop-down list, such as
Audio/Video, Games, and so on. In
the second drop-down list, choose the
name of the application that you want
to use with the type that you select in
the first list.
For example, if you choose
Audio/Video in the first field, the
corresponding contents of the second
field would be like the drop-down list
shown as the following figure.
User defined:
Type a new service name for building
a customized service for specific
purpose.
There are three lines that you can
enter settings into on this page. If you
need more lines, just apply the
settings and then add a new port
forwarding rule.
From Internet Host IP Address:
Select the initial place for port
forwarding. If you choose SINGLE, a
box will appear for you to fill in the IP
address for the specific host. And, if
you choose SUBNET, the boxes for IP
address and Netmask will appear for
you to fill in the IP address and subnet
mask for the specific subnet.
Forward to Internal Host IP
Address:
Key in the address for the host used
as the destination that information will
be forwarded to.
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For example, select the predefined
application name Audio/Video – Media
Player 7, set from ALL internet host IP
addresses, and forward to
192.168.1.200. Click Apply. Be sure
to reboot your router for these
changes to take effect.
The result will be displayed as the
following figure.
If you do not want the server that you
created, check the Delete box of that
application and click the Delete button
to discard it.
Or if you want to add another one,
click Add to add a new one.
Virtual Server – Port Triggering
When the router detects outbound
traffic on a specific port, it will set up
the port forwarding rules temporarily
on the port ranges that you specify to
allow inbound traffic. It is supposed to
increase the support for Internet
gaming, video conferencing, and
Internet telephony due to the
applications require multiple
connection.
To add a new port triggering rule, click
Add to open this web page. Then
choose an application name from the
Pre-defined list box.
The system provides 9 items for you
to choose.
Or define by yourself by typing the
name into the field of User defined.
Click Apply to complete the setting.
If you select AIM Talk, the result page
will be like the demo figure in the right
column.
You may delete the application by
checking the delete box and pressing
Delete.
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Virtual Server – DMZ Host
In computer networks, a DMZ (demilitarized zone) is a computer host or small
network inserted as a "neutral zone" between a company's private network and the
outside public network. It prevents outside users from getting direct access to a
server that has company data. A DMZ is an optional and more secure approach to a
firewall and effectively acts as a proxy server as well.
To close the function of DMZ Host,
please click Discarded.
To activate a DMZ host, please click
Forwarded to the DMZ host radio
button, and enter the IP Address of
DMZ host.
Click Apply.
Once this feature is enabled, you must specify an IP address. It allows unrestricted
2-way communication between the specified IP address and other Internet users or
Servers.
…
This allows almost any application to be used on the specified IP address.
…
The specified IP address will receive all “Unknown” connections and data.
…
The DMZ feature only works when the NAT function is enabled.
Virtual Server – Dynamic DNS
The Dynamic DNS (Domain Name System) combines both functions of DNS and
DHCP to map a dynamic IP to a fixed domain name. This page allows you to access
the virtual servers with a domain name and password.
Dynamic DNS:
Select Enable to enable DDNS; select
Disabled to disable this function.
Dynamic DNS Provider:
Choose a provider (DynDNS.org,
TZO.com, ChangeIP.com, or
No-IP.com) from the drop-down list.
Internet Connection:
Select the interface from the
drop-down list that you want to use for
connecting the Internet.
User Name / Password:
Enter the user name and password
that you registered with the provider.
HostName.DomainName:
Key in the domain name or host name
that you registered. You can use
letters and dash for naming, yet other
characters are not allowed to use for
preventing from making troubles.
Status:
It displays current status.
When the setting is finished, click
Apply to invoke them, or click Cancel
if you want to discard the settings.
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Virtual Server – Static DNS
This page allows you to configure DNS mapping between Domain name and IP
address for your local hosts. In case you want to access the local servers with
domain names from the local network, you can configure the mapping information
on the page.
Domain Name:
Key in the domain name that you
registered at the provider. You can use
letters and dash for naming, yet other
characters are not allowed to use for
preventing from making troubles.
IP Address:
Key in the IP address for the domain
name to map.
Click Apply to upload your setting.
NAT ALG Configuration
The need for IP address translation arises when a network's internal IP addresses
cannot be used outside the network either for security reasons or because they are
invalid for use outside the network. Use of NAT (Network Address Translation)
devices allows local hosts on such private networks to transparently access the
external global Internet and enables access to selective local hosts from the outside.
ALG (Application Level Gateway) is a security component that augments a firewall or
NAT employed in a computer network. ALG allows legitimate application data to pass
through the security checks of the firewall that would have otherwise restricted the
traffic for not meeting its filter criteria. ALG application specific translation agents
allow an application on a host in one address realm to connect to its counterpart
running on a host in different realm transparently. An ALG may interact with NAT to
set up state, use NAT state information, modify application specific payload and
perform whatever else is necessary to get the application running across disparate
address realms.
Enable VPN ALG:
VPN ALG allows two or more
simultaneous VPN connections
through this router. The default setting
for VPN ALG is enabled.
Enable SIP ALG:
SIP ALG allows two or more
simultaneous VoIP phone calls made
by VoIP clients through this router. The
default setting for SIP ALG is enabled.
Transparent use of SIP-based devices in a
NAT scenario requires that modifications
be made to the SIP messages. These
modifications are performed by the ALG.
A SIP ALG provides functionality to allow
VoIP traffic to pass both from the private to
public and public to private side of the
firewall when using Network Address
Translation (NAT). The SIP-ALG inspects
and modifies SIP traffic to allow SIP traffic
to pass through the firewall so that
person-to-person SIP sessions may be
established.
Click Apply to upload your setting.
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Firewall
The firewall is a kind of software that interrupts the data between the Internet and
your computer. It is the TCP/IP equivalent of a security gate at the entrance to your
company. All data must pass through it, and the firewall (functions as a security
guard) will allow only authorized data to be passed into the LAN.
What the firewall can do? It can:
…
deny or permit any packet from passing through explicitly
…
distinguish between various interfaces and match on the following fields:
‹ source and destination IP address
‹ port
To keep track of the performance of IP Filter, a logging device is used. The device
supports logging of the TCP/UDP and IP packet headers and the first 129 bytes of
the packet (including headers) whenever a packet is successfully passed through or
blocked, and whenever a packet matches a rule being setup for suspicious packets.
An example for firewall setup:
This picture shows the most common and easiest way to employ the firewall.
Basically, you can install a packet-filtering router at the Internet gateway and then
configures the filter rule in the router to block or filter protocols and addresses. The
systems behind the router usually have a direct access to the Internet; however
some dangerous services such as NIS and NFS are usually blocked.
For the security of your router, set the firewall is an important issue.
Firewall – Bridge Filtering
The bridge filtering mechanism provides a way for the users to define rules to
allow/deny packets through the bridge based on source MAC address and/or
destination MAC address. When bridge filtering is enabled, each packet is examined
against the each defined filter rules sequentially, and when a matched is determined,
the packets will be blocked.
This page allows you to define the bridge packet filtering rules to block those
redundant packets with specific protocols and MAC addresses.
Choose Disabled to disable the
bridge filtering function. Click Enabled
to monitor and block redundant
packets.
To initiate the Bridge Filtering rules,
select the Enabled radio button and
click Apply.
Click Add to configure a new bridge
filtering rule.
Note that the Add option is available
only when there is a bridge mode PVC
on this device.
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Select traffic direction from the drop
down menu, and check the network
interface which you want this rule to
apply on. Then, choose a protocol and
define the source or destination MAC
address which you want to control.
There are three options for traffic
direction: Outbound means from local
network to Internet; Inbound means
from Internet to local network;
Bi-direction includes both directions.
The protocols that you can choose is
listed as the right figure shows. Select
one proper protocol for this bridge
filtering rule.
For example, if we choose Outbound,
check br_0_35, select PPPoE as
protocol, and enter 00:90:96:01:2A:C3
into the Source MAC Address field,
then after clicking Apply, we will see
the result as shown in the right.
You can use Add or Delete button to
maintain the bridge filtering rules.
Firewall – IP Filtering
This page allows you to specify the IP
packet filtering rules to prevent the
services accessed from the Internet
hosts or limit the Internet access for
local hosts.
Choose Disabled to disable the
firewall function. Click Enabled to
invoke the settings that you set in this
web page.
To initiate the IP Filtering, select the
Enabled radio button and click Apply.
Select the direction to filter
packets:
Inbound means the data is transferred
from outside onto your computer.
Outbound means the data is
transferred from your computer onto
outside through Internet. Please
choose Outbound traffic or Inbound
traffic as the direction for filtering
packets.
To add a new Filtering rule, click Add.
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This page provides some settings for
you to adjust for adding a new
outbound IP Filtering.
Allow Traffic:
Choose No to stop the data
transmission, Yes to permit the data
pass through.
Protocol:
Here provides several default policies
for security levels for you to choose. If
you don’t want to use the predefined
setting, you can use User Defined to
set a customized protocol according to
the necessity.
When you choose User Defined
setting, you have to enter a port
number in the “as” field.
Source/Destination IP address:
To specify IP address to allow or deny
data transmission, please pull down
the drop-down menu to choose a
proper one.
The setting All means that all the IP
addressed in the network are allowed
or denied to pass through in Internet.
If you choose Single, you will have to
key in the specific IP address as the
start/end point to let the router identify
for granting or denying passing
through.
If you choose Subnet, you will have to
enter the specific IP address and
netmask as the start/end point to let
the router identify for granting or
denying passing through.
Port Range:
The port range is from 0 to 65535.
Please key in the start point and end
point for the IP Filtering.
After finish the settings, click Apply.
Here provides an example shown in
the right column. Select TCP as the
Protocol type, and make the Source
and Destination IP address to
include All, then type 0 and 65535 as
the start and end port.
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A new IP filtering setting for Outbound
traffic is created in the web page. To
edit the setting, please click to get
into the editing page. To delete the
setting, click to erase it. To set
another IP filtering, click Add again.
To add a new Inbound IP Filtering,
click Inbound traffic in the item of
Select the direction to filter packets
on the IP Filtering page. Use the
same way to add a new one as stated
above.
Quality of Service
QoS (Quality of Service) is an industry-wide initiative to provide preferential
treatment to certain subsets of data, enabling that data to traverse the Internet or
intranet with higher quality transmission service.
Quality of Service – Bridge QoS
To classify the upstream traffic by
assigning the transmission priority for
different users’ data, please use
Bridge QoS to prioritize the data
transmission.
The Bridge QoS allows you to set the
settings based on layer two bridge
packets.
Traffic Class Name:
Key in a name as the traffic class for
identification.
802.1p Priority:
Each incoming packet will be mapped
to a specific priority level, so that
these levels may be acted on
individually to deliver traffic
differentiation. Please choose the
number (from 0 to 7, low to high
priority) for the 802.1p Priority.
Traffic Priority:
There are three options – Low,
Medium, and High that you can
choose.
IP Precedence:
The number you choose here decides
the type of the IP address processed.
No change is the default setting.
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IP type of Service:
The system provides some types of
service for you to choose. The
meaning of each type is the same as
the denotation. The default one is No
change.
WAN 802.1p:
If 802.1p is enabled on Internet
connection, WAN 802.1p value of the
upstream packets can be overwritten
by the selected value. You may select
a priority from the drop-down menu.
If you set the LAN 802.1p Priority 0
as the traffic condition, choose Low
traffic priority for this rule, and set IP
Precedence, IP type of service, and
WAN 802.1p as no change, after
clicking Apply, you will get the result
as the figure in the right column.
Thus when the users’ data matches
the traffic condition, the transmission
will get a low traffic priority.
You may check the Delete box and
press Delete to discard it, or click Add
to create more.
Quality of Service – IP QoS
To classify the upstream traffic by
assigning the transmission priority of
the data for different users, please use
IP QoS to prioritize the data
transmission.
The IP QoS allows you to set the
settings based on layer three IP
packets.
To add a new IP QoS setting, press
Add in the page of Quality of
Service – IP QoS, a page same as
the right side will appear.
Traffic Class Name:
Type a name as the traffic class for
identification.
LAN Ports which traffic come from:
The IP QoS rules will be applied on
the LAN ports you checked here. The
default setting includes all interfaces.
Protocol:
Choose a proper interface for this
function. If you don’t know how to
select, simply use the default one,
TCP/UDP.
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Source IP/ Subnet Mask/ Port:
Key in the source IP address (ex.:
192.168.1.0) and subnet mask (ex.:
255.255.255.0) for the application (ex.:
FTP, HTTP, and so on) that you want
to invoke the QoS traffic rule. You may
simply enter the source port, ranging
from 0 to 65535, as the traffic
condition.
Destination IP/ Subnet Mask/ Port:
Enter the destination IP address
(ex.: 168.95.1.88) and subnet mask
(ex.:255.255.255.0) for the application
that you want to invoke the QoS traffic
rule. Or simply enter the destination
port for the traffic condition; it ranges
from 1 to 65535.
Traffic Priority/ IP Precedence/ IP
type of Service/ WAN 802.1p: Please
refer to Bridge QoS.
After you click Apply, the new QoS
setting will be shown as the graphic on
the right side.
According to the example, we set four
rules for IP QoS. In traffic A, we set
1-1024 as the destination port, and
the traffic priority is low; in traffic B, the
source port is from 201 to 8000, and
the priority is medium; in traffic C,
when the source IP is 192.168.1.0,
subnet mask is 255.255.255.0, the
traffic priority is high; in traffic D, when
the traffic is heading to 168.95.1.88,
the priority is high.
To delete the rules you set, simply
click the check button below Delete
item and click Delete button.
According to our example, the IP QoS configuration can be illustrated as below.
While there are many
PCs getting online, the
PCs using port 201-8000
to access the internet will
have medium traffic
priority, the PCs carrying
192.168.1.x/
255.255.255.0 as IP
address will have high
traffic priority. In addition,
PCs heading to port
1-1024 will have a low
priority, while the PCs
accessing 168.95.1.88
will have a high priority.
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Port Mapping
This page allows you to configure various port mapping groups which contains
specific Internet connections and LAN ports. The user data will be only transmitted
and received among the interfaces in the group.
Normally, this function only needed
when more than two PVCs are
available, for example, if we have two
PVCs, one uses PPPoE and the other
uses Bridge mode, we may want to
group certain connection to a specific
port, especially when some devices
may consume higher bandwidth.
In our following demonstration, we
have two PVCs; they are
pppoe_0_39_1and br_0_35.
Click Add to create a new port
mapping group.
Group Name:
Give a unique name here. The word
length must not be over the length of
the field. In our example, bridge.
Available Interfaces:
The available interfaces (such as
Ethernet, USB, wireless, etc.) will be
displayed in the left side box. When
you choose it and click Add, it will be
transferred into the Grouped
Interfaces at the right side box. Yet, if
you want to remove the interface from
the current group, it will be returned
back to the Default group (left side
box) after you click Remove.
Now we are going to map USB and
Wireless interfaces with the bridge
mode PVC. Click br_0_35 and press
Add button, then use the same way to
add USB and Wireless to grouped
interfaces. The items will be moved to
the right box.
When the setting is done, click Apply.
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Now we can check the result of this
configuration; there are a default
group with PPPoE mode on the
Ethernet interface and another group
named bridge, in which the bridge
mode be applied on USB and
Wireless interfaces.
You may click to edit the created
group, press to delete it, or click Add
to create another group.
The following relationship figure illustrates the port mapping configuration.
Under this configuration, any devices that attempt to connect via USB or Wireless
interface will connect to the internet through the bridge mode PVC br_0_35, while
the PCs using the Ethernet interface will access the internet by the PPPoE
connection pppoe_0_39_1.
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Wireless
This page allows you to configure the router as an Access Point. You may setup the
settings for security, access control, and repeater features for this device.
Basic
To set the basic configuration for the wireless features, please open Basic page
from the Wireless menu.
Enable Wireless Network:
Click this check box to enable the
wireless network function.
Hide Wireless Network:
Check this box to hide the SSID of this
AP (access point). Then other people
in the network cannot find the SSID of
this device.
Wireless Network Name (SSID):
The system will detect the SSID of
your router and displayed in this field
for your reference.
The SSID is the identification characters of
a router. The default words will be shown
on this page. If you do not check “Hidden
SSID” item, the router will periodically
broadcasts its SSID to allow the wireless
clients within the range to recognize its
presence. This can create a security hole
since any wireless clients which got the
broadcast might associate to your system.
Please note that if you want to
communicate, all wireless clients should
use the same SSID with the router or
access point.
Channel:
The frequency in which the radio links
are about to be established. Select
one channel that you want from the
drop down list.
As an administrator of network, one
must search which channels are
available and then assign one
available channel as the
communication channel. All the other
clients that match the SSID and pass
security authentication can access this
device and will use the same channel
that you set here.
Transmission Mode:
It decides the mode of data
transmission. Choose the one that you
want to use from the drop-down menu.
There are 802.11b only, 802.11g only
and Mixed Mode provided here.
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Transmission Rate:
It decides the speed of data
transmission. Choose any one of it by
using the drop-down menu. This
setting will change by the transmission
mode that you set above. The
transmission rate settings under
802.11b only include 1, 2, 5.5,
11Mbps and Auto. The transmission
rates for 802.11g settings include 1, 2,
5.5, 6, 9, 11, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48,
54Mbps and Auto. As for mixed
mode, only Auto is available.
Multicast Rate:
When the multicast transmitting traffics
are large, the transmission will be
delayed in some way. If you want to
speed up the rate, modify from the
drop-down list.
For example, you may select 802.11g
only as the transmission mode, and
select high multicast rate like 54
Mbps.
Turbo Mode:
When it is enabled, the data
transmission will be faster for this
router. Check Enabled to invoke this
function for speeding up the
transmission, or check Disabled to
close this function.
Wireless User Isolation:
To make the communication between
the clients, please choose Off. To cut
the communication between the
clients, please choose On.
Click Apply to invoke the settings.
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Security
To configure security features for the Wireless interface, please open Security item
from Wireless menu. This web page offers eight authentication protocols for you to
secure your data while connecting to networks. There are nine selections including
64-bit and 128-bit WEP, 802.1X, WPA, WPA-PSK, WPA2, WPA2-PSK, mixed
WPA2/WPA, and mixed WPA2/WPA-PSK. Different item leads to different web page
settings. Please read the following information carefully.
Wireless Security:
The Disabled item offers you the less
protection for wireless communication.
If you choose Disabled, the
Encryption Keys will not be shown on
this page.
There are nine wireless security
modes for you to select.
For 64-bit WEP/128-bit WEP
Wireless Security:
Select the WEP mode for the security
function; there are two options, 64-bit
and 128-bit. Before being transmitted,
the data will be encrypted using the
encryption key. For example, if you set
64-bit in this field, then the receiving
station must be set to use 64 Bit
Encryption, and have the same Key
value at the same time; otherwise, it
will not be able to decrypt the data.
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Authentication Type:
The ADSL Router supports two
authentication types: Open System
and Shared key. This should be
considered with the WEP (Wired
Equivalent Privacy) mechanism.
Format:
Choose the form of encryption key.
You have to select either
Hexadecimal digits or ASCII
characters and type the keys on the
fields of Key 1 to Key 4.
Key 1 to 4:
Fill out the WEP keys according to the
key length. For 64-bit WEP mode, the
content you can type is 5 characters
or 10 hexadecimal digits. For 128-bit
WEP mode, the content you can type
is 13 characters or 26 hexadecimal
digits.
Default Transmission Key:
Select one of the network keys that
you set on the Key boxes as the
default one.
When the settings are done, click
Apply for activation.
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Open System means that it allows any client
to authenticate and attempt to communicate
with a bridge. The client can only
communicate if its WEP keys match the
router’s WEP keys.
Shared Key means that a bridge or router
will send an unencrypted text string to any
client attempting to communicate with the
router. The client requesting authentication
encrypts the text and sends back to the
router. Both unencrypted and encrypted can
be monitored, yet it leaves the bridge open to
be attacked by any intruder if he calculates
the WEP key by comparing the text strings.
That is why shared key authentication can be
less secure than open authentication.
Chapter 4: Web Configuration
For 802.1X Wireless Network
When a wireless client requests to access a network, it is required to be
authenticated by a central authentication server (RADIUS Server). Only an
authenticated user can be granted by the network access and thereby those
unauthorized will be blocked.
Wireless Security:
Choose 802.1x as the authentication
protocol, your data transmission
between the router and the clients will
be protected with the settings that you
set in this web page.
RADIUS Server IP Address:
RADIUS Server is a protocol for
carrying authentication, authorization,
and configuration information between
a Network Access Server which
desires to authenticate its links and a
shared Authentication Server. Please
enter the IP Address for the RADIUS
Server.
RADIUS UDP Port:
Port 1812 is the reserved RADIUSauthentication port described in RFC
2138. Earlier AP (RADIUS clients) use
port 1945. The default value will be
shown on this box. You can keep and
use it.
RADIUS Shared Secret:
A shared secret is like a password,
which is used between RADIUS
Server and the specific AP (RADIUS
client) to verify identity. Both RADIUS
Server and the AP (RADIUS client)
must use the same shared secret for
successful communication. Enter the
words for the share secret.
After finishing the settings, click Apply
for activation.
802.1x environment Configuration
You will need the following components for establishing an 802.1x environment in
your network.
…
Windows 2000/2003/NT Server: RADIUS server equipped with “Internet
Authentication Service”. Certificate Services installed.
…
AP (Router): connected to Windows 2000 Advanced Server through the LAN
port with DHCP server and 802.1x enabled.
…
802.1x client: a WLAN card supporting WEP.
…
Authentication Mechanism.
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For WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access)
The WPA (WiFi-Protected Access)
authentication is suitable for
enterprises. It must be used in
conjunction with an authentication
server such as RADIUS to provide
centralized access control and
management. It can provide stronger
encryption and authentication solution
than none WPA modes.
Data Encryption:
Select the data encryption method for
the WPA mode. There are three types
that you can choose, TKIP, AES,
TKIP+AES.
TKIP (Temporary Key Integrity Protocol)
takes the original master key only as a
starting point and derives its encryption
keys mathematically from this master key.
Then it regularly changes and rotates the
encryption keys so that the same
encryption key will never be used twice.
AES (Advanced Encryption Standard)
provides security between client
workstations operating in ad hoc mode. It
uses a mathematical ciphering algorithm
that employs variable key sizes of 128,
192 or 256 bits.
TKIP+AES combine the features and
functions of TKIP and AES.
WPA Group Rekey Interval:
Enter the time for the WPA group
rekey interval. The unit is second. With
increasing rekey interval, user
bandwidth requirement is reduced. On
the other hand, the longer the rekey
interval, the longer the delay for a new
user to gain group access.
RADIUS Server IP Address, RADIUS
UDP Port, and RADIUS Shared
Secret:
Please refer to the elucidation in the
previous 802.1x section.
After finishing the settings, click Apply
for activation.
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For WPA-PSK; WPA2-PSK; Mixed WPA2/WPA-PSK
WPA-PSK (WPA-Pre-Shared Key) is
useful for small places without
authentication servers such as the
network at home. It allows the use of
manually-entered keys or passwords
and is designed to be easily set up for
home users.
Data Encryption:
Select the encryption type for the WPA
mode. There are three types that you
can choose, TKIP, AES, TKIP+AES.
(For more information please refer to
WPA section.)
Format:
Choose the form of encryption key.
You have to select either
Hexadecimal digits or ASCII
characters and type the keys on the
fields of Pre-Share Key.
Pre-Share Key:
Please enter the key between 8 and
63 characters, or 64 hexadecimal
digits. Only the devices with a
matching key that you set here can
join this network.
WPA Group Rekey Interval:
Enter the time for the WAP group
rekey interval. The unit is second. With
increasing rekey interval, user
bandwidth requirement is reduced.
After finished settings, click Apply for
activation.
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For WPA2; Mixed WPA2/WPA
Wireless Security:
The WPA2 is suitable for enterprises.
It must be used in conjunction with an
authentication server such as RADIUS
to provide centralized access control
and management. It can provide
stronger encryption and authentication
solution than other WPA mode.
Data Encryption:
Select the encryption type for the
WPA2 mode. There are three types
that you can choose, TKIP, AES,
TKIP+AES. (For detailed information
please refer to WPA section.)
WPA2 Pre-authentication:
The wireless client that has associated
with one AP (router A) can do the
authentication with another AP (router
B) in advance. If the client roams to
AP (B), it can associate with AP (B)
quickly. Please click Enabled to
activate this function.
Network Re-auth Interval:
When a wireless client has associated
with the AP for a period of time longer
than the setting here, it would be
disconnected and the authentication
will be executed again. The default
value is 36000, you may modify it.
WPA Group Rekey Interval:
Enter the time for the WPA group
rekey interval. The unit is second. With
increasing rekey interval, user
bandwidth requirement is reduced.
RADIUS Server IP Address, RADIUS
UDP Port, and RADIUS Shared
Secret:
Please refer to the elucidation in the
previous 802.1x section.
When the settings are finished, click
Apply for activation.
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Access Control
The web page allows you to enable the wireless MAC control configuration.
Access Control:
Click Off to disable this function. Click
On in Allow mode to allow the
devices using matched MAC address
to link to the AP. And click On in Deny
mode to disturb the listed wireless
MAC address to access the AP.
View Access Control List:
Click this button to view the wireless
access control list and to add a new
MAC address.
The Wireless Access Control List
dialog allows you to add a new MAC
address and view current MAC
addresses that you had added.
To add a new MAC address to your
wireless MAC address filter, click on
the Add button.
MAC Address of Wireless adaptor:
Key in the MAC Address to be filtered.
And click Apply.
The result of the added MAC address
will be shown on the table.
If you want to delete the added MAC
address, simply click the delete
button , a dialog box will be
prompted to confirm the deleting. Click
Yes, and then the selected one will be
erased.
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Repeater
A repeater is an electronic device that receives a weak or low-level signal and
retransmits it at a higher level or higher power, so that the signal can cover longer
distances without degradation.
The example figure illustrates
the relationship among the AP,
the repeater, and the clients. In
this example, client A, B, and C
can access AP-A, but client D
and E cannot. In this case,
AP-B works as the repeater for
AP-A, and thus client D and E
may
receive
the
signal
smoothly.
The web page allows you to configure the wireless distribution system for the
wireless network.
AP Mode:
Choose an AP mode that you would
like to use.
Search Other Repeaters:
You can configure other routers as
your repeater by setting up repeater
feature mutually. Click the Scan Now
button to search other repeater in the
wireless network automatically. The
result will be shown on the chart.
Note: To configure the repeater
function among routers, they must use
the same SSID and WEP key, so that
they may work as repeater for each
other.
If you select Manual for Search Other
Repeaters, you will need to type the
MAC address for wireless repeaters in
the boxes of MAC Address of
Remote Wireless Repeaters.
The right figure shows an example of
executing the function of autosearching repeaters.
You may select the routers (which use
the same channel as yours) from the
table and configure the same SSID
and WEP key with the one you chose,
so that they can function as repeaters
to extend the coverage area for each
other.
When you finish the settings, please
click Apply to invoke them.
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Management
Diagnostics
To check the linking status for the network and your computer, a diagnostic test can
guide you to detect the network problem. The testing items are listed and examined
one by one. If the previous one is failed, than the items following that one will be
failed, too. Use this diagnostic test to detect the connectivity mistakes whenever
linking problem occurs.
Press Run Diagnostic Tests on the
Diagnostic Tests page.
The Result would be shown on the
same page.
For the item which passes through the
diagnostics, a “PASS” will be
displayed on the right side of that item.
If not, a “FAIL” will be presented there.
If there is no device using that port, a
“DOWN” will be displayed.
Press the Help link to know what the
result (Pass, Fail) represents for.
Take the Help link of ADSL
Synchronization for example.
It not only explains the situation for
Pass and Fail, but offers the
troubleshooting procedures for you to
follow.
Press Back to return.
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Management Accounts
This page allows you to CHANGE the user name and password for accessing your
ADSL Router.
For the Admin Account, the default
setting for both username and
password are admin. If you want to
change the username and the
password, please modify the User
Name and New Password, and then
retype the new password in the
Confirm field for confirmation. Then
click Apply.
To create a user account, you may
setup a username and password
under User Account on the same
page.
Note that the new user can merely
access the Quick Start and Status
page.
Management Control – From Remote
There are seven interfaces for the remote access. Please choose from them if you
want to enable the remote access control.
Select the Internet Connect:
Select one connection item from the
drop-down list to enable the function.
Web Browser:
Check this box if you want to have
remote control through HTTP. The
default port number is 8080. Modify
the port whenever you want.
Telnet:
Check this box if you want to have
remote control through telnet.
FTP:
Choose this box if you want to have
remote control through FTP.
TFTP:
Choose this box if you want to have
remote control through TFTP.
Secure Shell (SSH):
Choose this box if you want to have
remote control through SSH.
SNMP:
Choose this box if you want to have
remote control through SNMP agent.
Ping:
Choose this box if you want to have
remote control through ping command
under DOS prompt.
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Authorized Host IP Address List:
Decide whether all internet hosts can
access your IAD or only authorized
internet hosts can access. Click
Apply to save your setting.
Management Control – From Local
You can allow local access to your
router via the checked interfaces.
Authorized Host IP Address List:
Refer to Remote Management
Control.
Click Apply to activate your settings
or click Cancel to retain the original
settings.
Internet Time
The router’s clock must synchronize with global Internet time. The time you set in
the screen will be adapted to system log.
Update Now:
Click this button to refresh the current
time.
Set Time by (Time Server/ Manual):
The default setting is Manual. Select
this one, and set the start time by
typing the date and the time manually
to help the router perform tasks.
If you select Time Server, the system
will set time via time server
automatically.
Primary Time Server/ Secondary
Time Server:
You may select the preferred time
server from the drop-down list. The
time will be adjusted by the time
server.
Time Zone:
Choose the time zone of your location.
Apply:
Save the data on the screen and apply
the data after restarting the router.
Cancel:
Discard the new configuration and
reserve the original settings.
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System Log
As shown on the web page, you can
view the system log and configure
system log whenever you want.
To view the system log, you must
configure system log first. Press
Configure System Log to start.
Configuring System Log
You can enable or disable the log
function, and choose log level,
display level and proper mode as
you like. Then click Apply to invoke
the settings or press Cancel to
discard them.
There are 8 types of log level and
display level for you to choose.
Log Level:
This function enables you to decide
how detailed the messages will be
stored. Set a proper level according to
your needs. The default Log Level is
Debugging.
The Debugging Level logs all
messages to the file, while the
Emergency Level logs fatal
messages only. The lower the item is,
the more detailed information it
provides; i.e., debugging level stores
the most detailed information.
Owing to the limitation of the storage
on the ADSL router, the former
information will be erased and
replaced by the latest message
automatically when the buffer is
overflowed.
Display Level:
For the convenience of the users, the
display level can function as a filter. It
decides the level for the messages to
exhibit when the user wants to view
the logs on the local side. For
example,
for a programmer or
engineer, he/she may want to know
about debugging or informational level
message; for general users, they may
only need or want to learn about error,
critical, alert, or emergency messages
only. The default Display Level is
Error.
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Therefore, when the log level is
“Debugging” and the display level is
“Error”, the CPE logs the most
detailed message but shows error
level data only.
Mode:
You can choose where to store the
logs; the options include Local,
Remote and Both. Local means the
CPE, i.e., the ADSL Router. Remote
means the log server you specified to
forward the log information to. The
default mode is Local.
If you choose Remote or Both, you
have to specify the Server IP
Address and UDP Port, and all the
events will be sent to the specified
UDP port of the specified log server.
Note:
Display Level only filters for the local
side. All the messages will be
displayed on the remote Log Server.
Example
Suppose we are going to record the system logs on both the ADSL Router and the
Server bearing IP address 10.11.95.2, the procedures below illustrate the situation:
System Log Configuration
1. Choose Enabled Log.
2. Select Debugging as the Log
Level, and Error as the Display
Level. (Or select other level
according to your needs.)
3. Set the Mode as Both, key in the
Server IP Address as 10.11.95.2,
and leave the Server UDP Port
as the default value 514.
4. Press Apply to invoke the
settings.
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Viewing System Log – Remote Side (Server)
To view the system log on the Log
Server (10.11.95.2), a log viewing tool
must be installed.
1. Download the Kiwi Syslog
Daemon from Kiwi Enterprises.
Kiwi Syslog Daemon is a
freeware Syslog Daemon for
Windows. It receives, logs,
displays and forwards Syslog
messages from hosts such as
routers, switches, and any other
syslog enabled device. You can
choose other logger tools; here,
we use Kiwi for example.
Download the tool from the
Kiwi Enterprises website.
2. Install the Kiwi Syslog server
software on the PC (10.11.95.2).
3. Open the Kiwi Syslog Daemon application. You will get to a screen shown as
follows.
1
2
The Date and Time record the logging time. The Priority field shows the log level,
the Hostname exhibits the position of the host, and the Message column displays
the process the description of it-before the colon is the name of the process and
after the colon is the elaboration for that process.
For example, message 1 shows alert level information which is a kernel process
containing detailed intrusion information; message 2 displays notice level
information which is an IGMP process exhibiting that the IGMP function had been
started.
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Viewing System Log – Local Side (ADSL Router)
For viewing the system log on local
side, click the View System Log
button on the webpage for system log
configuration.
The system log record on the router will be displayed on a screen shown as below.
3
4
The Date/Time records the logging time, and the Facility field distinguishes
different classes of system log message. The Severity field shows the log level,
and the Message column displays the process and the description of it-the name
of the process appears before the colon and the elaboration for that process after
the colon.
For example, message 3 shows critical level information which is a pppd (PPP
daemon) process showing that a valid IP address had been received from server,
and connection is up; message 4 is a kernel process belonging to critical level
information which reveals that the Ethernet 0 link is up.
You can press Refresh to update the log files or press Close to close the window.
Note that the earlier messages may be automatically replaced by the updated
information when the buffer is overflowed on the router.
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SNMP Setting
SNMP, the abbreviation of Simple Network Management Protocol, is used to refer to
a collection of specifications for network management that include the protocol itself,
the definition of data structures and associated concepts.
A management station performs the monitoring function by retrieving the value of
MIB objects. The management station and agents are linked by a network
management protocol that is SNMP. The SNMP includes three key capabilities: get,
set and trap. A single management station can handle many agents as long as
SNMP remains relatively “simple”, so the number can be high (hundreds or so).
The following picture is the typical configuration of protocols for SNMP. As for a
stand-alone management station, a manager process controls access to a central
MIB at the management station and provides an interface to the network manager.
The manager process achieves network management by using SNMP, which will be
implemented on top of the UDP, IP and the relevant network-dependent protocols
(e.g., Ethernet).
For an agent device that supports other applications, such as FTP, both TCP and
UDP are required. An agent may issue a trap message in response to an event that
affects the MIB and the underlying managed resources.
Note: There is no ongoing connection maintained between a management station
and its agents. Instead, each exchange is a separate transaction between a
management station and an agent.
Each agent is responsible for notifying the management station of any unusual
event; for example, if the agent crashes and is rebooting, a link fails or an overload
condition as defined by the packet load crosses some threshold. These events are
communicated in SNMP messages known as traps.
SNMP Agent:
Choose Disable to close this function;
choose Enabled to open this function.
Read Community:
SNMP community for reading access
only. The default setting is public.
Please key in the data that your ISP
provided.
Write Community:
SNMP community for reading and
writing access. The default setting is
private. Please key in the data that
your ISP provided.
Enable Trap Service:
Configure the SNMP service to send a
trap when it receives a request for
information that does not contain the
correct community name and does not
match an accepted host name for the
service. Check this box to enable this
function, otherwise uncheck it.
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Trap Manager IP:
Type an IP address as the remote
workstation. If any abnormal condition
happens, you can advice remote
workstation through SNMP agent.
Backup Config
To backup your settings of the router,
you can use Backup Config web
page to save the configuration.
Click Backup button and the warning
window will be prompted. Click OK to
continue the backup procedure.
The system will ask your command
about the next procedure. Click Save
to backup.
You may change the file name and
choose a place to save the backup
file.
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And when you want to restore the
settings in the future, simply open
Backup Config web page and use
Browse button to locate the file.
After opening the backup file, click
Restore.
Update Firmware
If you have to or want to update the
firmware for this router, you can open
the Update Firmware web page and
choose the correct file by pressing
Browse. Then click the Update
Firmware button. The system will
execute the update procedure
automatically. When it is finished, the
system will tell you the update is
successfully.
Note: Router must not turn off during
firmware updates.
Reset Router
To make the settings that you set for
this router take effect, please open the
Reset Router web page and click the
Reboot button to invoke all settings.
You can restore your web pages with
default settings. Simply check Reset
to factory default settings and click
Reboot.
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Chapter 4: Web Configuration
UPnP for XP
Universal plug and play (UPnP) is architecture for pervasive peer to peer network
connectivity of intelligent appliances and PCs of all form factors. It is designed to
bring easy-to-use, flexible, standards-based connectivity to ad-hoc or unmanaged
networks whether in the home, in a small business, public places, or attached to the
Internet.
Only Windows XP supports UPnP function.
Please follow the steps below for installing UPnP components.
1. Click on the Start menu, point to
Settings and click on Control
Panel.
2. Select Add or Remove Programs
> Add/Remove Windows
Components to open Windows
Components Wizard dialog box.
3. Select Networking Services and
click Details. Click the UPNP User
Interface check box.
4. Click OK. The system will install
UPnP components automatically.
5. After finishing the installation, go to
My Network Places. You will find
an icon (e.g., Wireless ADSL2+
Router) for UPnP function.
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ADSL Router User Manual
6. Double click on the icon, and the
ADSL router will open another web
page via the port for UPnP function.
The IE address will be directed to
the configuration main webpage as
shown in the graphic.
7. Now, the NAT traversal function has
already been provided. The ADSL
router will create a new virtual
server automatically when the
router detects that some internet
applications is running on the PC.
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Chapter 5: Troubleshooting
Chapter 5: Troubleshooting
If the suggested solutions in this section do not resolve your issue, contact your
system administrator or Internet service provider.
Problems with LAN
PCs on the LAN cannot get IP addresses from the ADSL Router.
The chances are that the interface used as DHCP server is modified and the client
PCs do not renew IP addresses.
If your DHCP server is enabled on Private IP Address previously and you modify the
interface to Public IP Address, the client PCs should renew IP addresses.
The PC on the LAN cannot access the Web page of the ADSL Router.
Check that your PC is on the same subnet with the ADSL Router.
Problems with WAN
You cannot access the Internet.
…
Check the physical connection between the ADSL Router and the LAN.
If the LAN LED on the front panel is off or keeps blinking, there may be problem
on the cable connecting to the ADSL Router.
At the DOS prompt, ping the IP address of the ADSL Router, e.g., ping
192.168.1.1. If the following response occurs:
Reply from 192.168.1.1: bytes=32 time=100ms TTL=253
Then the connection between the ADSL Router and the network is OK.
If you get a failed ping with the response of:
Request timed out
Then the connection is fail. Check the cable between the ADSL Router and the
network.
…
Check the DNS setting of the ADSL Router.
At the DOS prompt, ping the IP addresses of the DNS provided by your ISP.
For example, if your DNS IP is 168.95.1.1, then ping 168.95.1.1. If the following
response occurs:
Reply from 168.95.1.1: bytes=32 time=100ms TTL=253
Then the connection to the DNS is OK.
If you get a failed ping with the response of:
Request timed out
Then the DNS is not reachable. Check your DNS setting on the ADSL Router.
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ADSL Router User Manual
Problems with Upgrading
The following lists the error messages that you may see during upgrading and the
action to take.
…
Error message: All the ADSL LEDs light up and cannot light off as usual.
Possible cause: When users are executing firmware upgrade and saving
settings to the router, the power for the router is lost for some unknown reasons,
the normal web page for the router might be damaged. After power on your
router, the LEDs might not work normally.
Action: Setup you PC with a static IP address, such as 192.168.1.2, and then
access the router’s web page by entering http://192.168.1.1. Then update the
firmware again.
…
Error Message: Image uploading failed. The selected file contains an illegal
image.
Possible cause: The firmware file format is invalid.
Action: Check to see whether the file format is correct; otherwise download a
firmware file with correct format.
…
Error Message: Image uploading failed. The system is out of memory.
Possible cause: It may be caused by the lack of memory.
Action: Reboot your ADSL Router and perform the upgrade task again.
…
Error Message: Image uploading failed. No image file was selected.
Possible cause: You did not select a file correctly.
Action: Download a compatible firmware from the web.
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Chapter 6: Glossary
Chapter 6: Glossary
ARP (Address Resolution Protocol )
ARP is a TCP/IP protocol for mapping an IP address to a physical machine address that is
recognized in the local network, such as an Ethernet address.
A host wishing to obtain a physical address broadcasts an ARP request onto the TCP/IP network.
The host on the network that has the IP address in the request then replies with its physical
hardware address.
Inverse ARP (In-ARP), on the other hand, is used by a host to discover its IP address. In this case,
the host broadcasts its physical address and a RARP server replies with the host's IP address.
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol)
When operates as a DHCP server, the ADSL Router assign IP addresses to the client PCs on the
LAN. The client PCs “leases” these Private IP addresses for a user-defined amount of time. After
the lease time expires, the private IP address is made available for assigning to other network
devices.
The DHCP IP address can be a single, fixed public IP address, an ISP assigned public IP address,
or a private IP address.
If you enable DHCP server on a private IP address, a public IP address will have to be assigned
to the NAT IP address, and NAT has to be enabled so that the DHCP IP address can be
translated into a public IP address. By this, the client PCs are able to access the Internet.
LAN (Local Area Network) & WAN (Wide Area Network)
A LAN is a computer network limited to the immediate area, usually the same building or floor of a
building. A WAN, on the other hand, is an outside connection to another network or the Internet.
The Ethernet side of the ADSL Router is called the LAN port. It is a twisted-pair Ethernet
10Base-T interface. A hub can be connected to the LAN port. More than one computers, such as
server or printer, can be connected through this hub to the ADSL Router and composes a LAN.
The DSL port of the ADSL Router composes the WAN interface, which supports PPP or RFC
1483 connecting to another remote DSL device.
NAT (Network Address Translation) IP Address
NAT is an Internet standard that translates a private IP within one network to a public IP address,
either a static or dynamic one. NAT provides a type of firewall by hiding internal IP addresses. It
also enables a company to use more internal IP addresses.
If the IP addresses given by your ISP are not enough for each PC on the LAN and the ADSL
Router, you need to use NAT. With NAT, you make up a private IP network for the LAN and
assign an IP address from that network to each PC. One of some public addresses is configured
and mapped to a private workstation address when accesses are made through the gateway to a
public network.
For example, the ADSL Router is assigned with the public IP address of 168.111.2.1. With NAT
enabled, it creates a Virtual LAN. Each PC on the Virtual LAN is assigned with a private IP
address with default value of 192.168.2.2 to 192.168.2.254. These PCs are not accessible by the
outside world but they can communicate with the outside world through the public IP 168.111.2.1.
Private IP Address
Private IP addresses are also LAN IP addresses, but are considered “illegal” IP addresses to the
Internet. They are private to an enterprise while still permitting full network layer connectivity
between all hosts inside an enterprise as well as all public hosts of different enterprises.
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ADSL Router User Manual
The ADSL Router uses private IP addresses by assigning them to the LAN that cannot be directly
accessed by the Internet or remote server. To access the Internet, private network should have an
agent to translate the private IP address to public IP address.
Public IP Address
Public IP addresses are LAN IP addresses that can be considered “legal” for the Internet,
because they can be recognized and accessed by any device on the other side of the DSL
connection. In most cases they are allocated by your ISP.
If you are given a range of fixed IP addresses, then one can be assigned to the router and the
others to network devices on the LAN, such as computer workstations, ftp servers, and web
servers.
PVC (Permanent Virtual Circuit)
A PVC is a logical point-to-point circuit between customer sites. PVCs are low-delay circuits
because routing decisions do not need to be made along the way. Permanent means that the
circuit is preprogrammed by the carrier as a path through the network. It does not need to be set
up or turned down for each session.
RIP (Routing Information Protocol)
RIP is a routing protocol that uses the distance-vector routing algorithms to calculate least-hops
routes to a destination. It is used on the Internet and is common in the NetWare environment. It
exchanges routing information with other routers. It includes V1, V2 and V1&V2, which controls
the sending and receiving of RIP packets over Ethernet.
UDP (User Datagram Protocol)
UDP is a connectionless transport service that dispenses with the reliability services provided by
TCP. UDP gives applications a direct interface with IP and the ability to address a particular
application process running on a host via a port number without setting up a connection session.
Virtual Server
You can designate virtual servers, e.g., a FTP, web, telnet or mail server, on your local network
and make them accessible to the outside world. A virtual server means that it is not a dedicated
server -- that is, the entire computer is not dedicated to running on the public network but in the
private network.
VPI (Virtual Path Identifier) & VCI (Virtual Channel Identifier)
A VPI is a 8-bit field while VCI is a 16-bit field in the ATM cell header. A VPI identifies a link
formed by a virtual path and a VCI identifies a channel within a virtual path. In this way, the cells
belonging to the same connection can be distinguished. A unique and separate VPI/VCI identifier
is assigned in advance to indicate which type of cell is following, unassigned cells, physical layer
OAM cells, metasignaling channel or a generic broadcast signaling channel. Your ISP should
supply you with the values.
130
Appendix A: Specifications
Appendix A: Specifications
Interface
z
z
Power Requirement
and Operation
Environment
Requirement
Power Adaptor:
One RJ-11 port for ADSL connection
One RJ-45 ports for IEEE 802.3/802.3u 10/100 Base-T
auto-sensing and auto-crossover Ethernet connection
z
One USB client port compliant to USB 1.1
z
On-board wireless LAN module for IEEE 802.11b/g (2.4
GHz) wireless LAN connection
z
One hidden button for restoration of factory default
settings
Regulatory Approvals EMC: FCC part 15 Class B, CE
and Compliance
Telecom: FCC part 68
Safety: UL, CB, LVD
Physical
Input 120±10 or 230±10 VAC;
Output 12 VAC, 1A
Power Consumption:
less than 10 Watt
Ambient Temperature:
0 to 40°C (32 to 96°F)
Relative Humidity:
20% to 90% (non-condensing)
Dimensions:
165mm(L) x 120mm(W) x 42mm(H)
Weight:
300g
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ADSL Router User Manual
132
Appendix B: Client Setup for 802.1x, WPA, and WPA-PSK
Appendix B: Client Setup for 802.1x, WPA, and
WPA-PSK
Retreiving Client Certificate
—
This step is only required if you intend to authenticate with EAP/TLS.
While there are many ways you may receive a certificate from your Certificate
Authority, the example here is to show you how to retrieve your certificate from a
Microsoft Certificate Services server via its easy web interface.
1.
2.
3.
Please connect the client to a
network that doesn’t require port
authentictaion.
Open up Microsoft Explorer,
connect to your CA via the url
http://yourserver/certsrv (see
your local administrator if it has
been changed from the default).
For example, if the Microsoft
Certificate Service server uses
the IP address 192.168.0.2, then
we have to key in
http://192.168.0.2/certsrv on the
url box.
You will be asked to log in, use
your domain credentials. (e.g.,
ABC)
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ADSL Router User Manual
134
4.
Make sure that Request a
certificate is selected, and click
Next.
5.
Select User Certificate, then
Next.
6.
Click Submit in the following
step.
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