DRIVER SUPPORT. Volvo 2019 Early, S60

DRIVER SUPPORT. Volvo 2019 Early, S60

166

DRIVER SUPPORT

Stability system – introduction

The Electronic Stability Control (ESC) system consists of a number of functions designed to help reduce wheel spin, counteract skidding and to generally help improve directional stability.

A pulsating sound will be audible when the system is actively operating and is normal. Acceleration will also be slightly slower than normal.

WARNING

The stability system (ESC) is intended to help improve driving safety but cannot deal with all situations, or traffic, road and weather conditions. Speed and driving style should always be adapted to the current driving situation.

ESC supplements, but can never replace, the driver's judgment and responsibility when operating the vehicle. The driver is always responsible for operating the vehicle in a safe manner in accordance with applicable traffic regulations.

ESC consists of the following functions:

Traction control

Spin control

Active Yaw Control

Engine Drag Control

Corner Traction Control

Traction Control (TC)

This function is designed to help reduce wheel spin at low speeds by transferring power from a drive wheel that begins to lose traction to the wheel on the opposite side of the vehicle (on the same axle).

Spin Control (SC)

The SC function is designed to help prevent the drive wheels from spinning while the vehicle is accelerating.

Active Yaw Control (AYC)

This function helps maintain directional stability, for example when cornering, by braking one or more of the wheels if the vehicle shows a tendency to skid or slide laterally.

Corner Traction Control (CTC)

CTC compensates for understeering and helps provide additional stability when accelerating through a curve by preventing the inside wheel from spinning. This is particularly useful when accelerating on a curving highway on-ramp.

CTC is most effective if the stability system's

Sport

mode is selected. See the section about

Sport mode.

Engine Drag Control (EDC)

EDC helps keep the engine running if the wheels show a tendency to lock, e.g., when shifting down in the Geartronic manual shifting mode or while using the engine's braking function on a slippery surface. If the engine were to stop, power steering would not function, making the vehicle more difficult to steer.

Trailer Stability Assist (TSA)

The TSA helps stabilize a vehicle that is towing a trailer when the vehicle and trailer have begun to

sway. See Trailer Stability Assist (TSA) (p. 285)

for more information.

This system is automatically deactivated if the driver selects

Sport

mode.

Related information

Stability system – operation (p. 167)

Stability system – symbols and messages

(p. 168)

Trailer Stability Assist (TSA) (p. 285)

Stability system – operation

Operation

Sport mode

The stability system is always activated and cannot be switched off.

However, the driver can select

Sport

mode, which offers more active driving characteristics.

Sport

mode can be selected in

the MY CAR menus, see My

Car – introduction (p. 71).

In

Sport

mode, the engine management system monitors movement of the accelerator pedal and steering wheel for sportier driving by allowing more lateral movement of the rear wheels before

ESC is activated.

Under certain circumstances, such as when driving with snow chains, or driving in deep snow or loose sand, it may be advisable to temporarily use

Sport

mode for maximum tractive force.

If the driver releases pressure on the accelerator pedal, ETC will also activate to help stabilize the vehicle.

To switch to

Sport

mode:

Sport

mode remains active until the driver switches it off in the menu or until the engine is switched off. ETC will return to normal mode when the engine is restarted.

Related information

Stability system – introduction (p. 166)

Stability system – symbols and messages

(p. 168)

DRIVER SUPPORT

167

168

DRIVER SUPPORT

Stability system – symbols and messages

Symbols and messages in the main instrument panel

A text message can be erased by pressing briefly the

OK

button on the turn signal lever.

Symbol Message

ESC Temporarily OFF

Description

The ESC system function has been temporarily reduced due to high brake disc temperature. The function reactivates automatically when the brakes have cooled.

ESC Service required

"Message"

The ESC system is not functioning properly.

Stop the vehicle in a safe place, turn off the engine and restart it.

If the message is still displayed when the engine has restarted, drive to an authorized Volvo workshop to have the system inspected.

Read the message in the instrument panel.

and

Steady glow for

2 seconds.

The system is performing a self-diagnostic test.

Symbol Message

Flashing symbol.

Description

ESC is actively functioning to help counteract wheel spin and/or a skid.

Steady glow.

Sport

mode has been activated.

Please note that ESC is not deactivated at this time but its functionality is reduced.

WARNING

The stability system is intended to help improve driving safety. It supplements, but can never replace, the driver's judgment and responsibility when operating the vehicle.

Speed and driving style should always be adapted to traffic and road conditions.

Related information

Stability system – introduction (p. 166)

Stability system – operation (p. 167)

DRIVER SUPPORT

169

170

DRIVER SUPPORT

Adjustable steering force

*

Steering force increases with the speed of the vehicle to give the driver enhanced sense of control and stability. At low speed the vehicle is easy to steer in order to facilitate parking, etc.

Adjustable steering force

*

Steering force can be changed under

MY CAR

Car settings Steering wheel force

.

Select

Low

,

Medium

or

High

. For a description

of the menu system, My Car – introduction

(p. 71).

NOTE

This steering force level menu function cannot be accessed when the vehicle is in motion.

NOTE

In certain situations, the power steering may become too warm and will have to be temporarily cooled down. While this is happening, the power steering effect will be reduced slightly and somewhat more effort may be required to turn the steering wheel.

If this occurs, a message will be displayed in the instrument panel.

Road Sign Information (RSI)

*

– introduction

RSI is a feature that helps the driver see road signs with the posted speed limit.

Introduction

Examples of readable road signs

If the vehicle passes a sign showing the speed limit, this will be displayed in the center console.

WARNING

RSI does not function in all situations and is only intended to provide supplementary information.

The driver is always responsible for operating the vehicle safely.

Related information

Road Sign Information (RSI) – operation

(p. 171)

Road Sign Information (RSI) – limitations

(p. 172)

* Option/accessory.

Road Sign Information (RSI) – operation

Speed limit information

When RSI registers a road sign showing the speed limit, this sign is displayed as a symbol on the instrument panel.

A speed limit or a limited access road ends

1

In situations where RSI detects a sign indicating the end of a particular speed limit or other indirect speed limit-related information (e.g., Freeway ends, Expressway ends, etc.) this information will be displayed in the instrument panel for approx.

10 seconds, after which no road sign information will be shown until the next speed limit-related sign has been detected.

DRIVER SUPPORT

Settings in MY CAR

Possible settings in MY CAR

Displaying the speed limit indication can be deactivated. To do so:

Deselect the alternative in

MY CAR Settings

Car settings Road Sign Information or cancel by pressing

EXIT

.

Speed alert

The driver can opt to be alerted if the vehicle exceeds the posted speed limit by more than

3 mph (5 km/h). The alert is given when the symbol with the posted speed limit in the instrument panel begins to flash.

To activate speed alert:

Check the Speed alert box in

MY CAR

Settings Car settings cancel by pressing

EXIT

.

Speed alert

or

Sensus Navigation

If the vehicle is equipped with Sensus Navigation, speed-related information is gathered from this system if:

The speed limit previously detected by RSI is no longer considered valid and no new speed limit sign has been detected.

Related information

Road Sign Information (RSI)

*

– introduction

(p. 170)

Road Sign Information (RSI) – limitations

(p. 172)

My Car – introduction (p. 71)

1 This function may not be available in all markets.

* Option/accessory.

171

172

DRIVER SUPPORT

Road Sign Information (RSI) – limitations

RSI's camera has the same limitations as the

human eye. See The camera’s limitations

(p. 209) for more information about the camera's

limitations.

Signs that indirectly indicate the speed limit

(such as a sign with a town's name and the permitted speed limit) will not be registered by RSI.

Other factors that may interfere with RSI include:

Faded signs

Signs located in a curve

Twisted or damaged signs

Signs place high above the road

Signs that are partially hidden/poorly placed

Obstructed signs

Signs that are partially covered by snow, ice, etc.

Map information that is not up-to-date, inaccurate or does not contain speed limit information

2

Related information

Road Sign Information (RSI)

*

– introduction

(p. 170)

Road Sign Information (RSI) – operation

(p. 171)

The camera’s limitations (p. 209)

Cruise control (CC) – introduction

Cruise control is designed to assist the driver by maintaining a set speed. It is primarily intended for use on long straight roads in steady traffic, such as on highways and other main roads.

Operation

Steering wheel-mounted controls and display

Standby mode

Resume set speed

Deactivating

Activate/set speed

Selected speed ( gray

symbol indicates standby mode)

Cruise control active: white

symbol ( gray symbol indicates standby mode)

2 Vehicles equipped with the optional navigation system.

* Option/accessory.

Related information

Cruise control (CC) – engaging and setting speed (p. 173)

Cruise control (CC) – deactivating (p. 175)

DRIVER SUPPORT

Cruise control (CC) – engaging and setting speed

Cruise control is designed to assist the driver by maintaining a set speed. It is primarily intended for use on long straight roads in steady traffic, such as on highways and other main roads.

Engaging the cruise control function

Steering wheel-mounted controls and display

Standby mode

Resume set speed

Deactivating

Activate/set speed

Selected speed ( gray

symbol indicates standby mode)

Cruise control active: white

symbol ( gray symbol indicates standby mode)

Before a speed can be set, the cruise control system must be engaged (put in standby mode).

– Press the

CRUISE

button (1).

> The symbol illuminates and the text

(---) mph

(5) indicates that cruise control is in standby mode.

NOTE

Putting cruise control in standby mode does not set a cruising speed.

Setting a speed

Use the or buttons set the vehicle's current speed. The set speed is shown in the display.

NOTE

Cruise control cannot be engaged at speeds below 20 mph (30 km/h).

Adjusting the set speed

After a speed has been set, it can be increased or decreased by using the or buttons.

1. Press

or briefly and release the button to increase or decrease vehicle speed by approximately 1 mph or 1 km/h.

> This will become the set speed when the button is released.

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DRIVER SUPPORT

||

2. Press and hold one of these buttons to increase/decrease the speed in 1-mph or 1km/h increments. Release the button when you have reached the desired speed.

NOTE

A temporary increase in speed by pressing the accelerator pedal, for less than

1 minute (e.g. when passing another car), does not affect the current cruise control setting. The vehicle will automatically return to the previously set speed when the accelerator pedal is released.

If one of the cruise control buttons is kept depressed for more than approx.

1 minute cruise control is disengaged.

The engine must then be switched off in order to reset cruise control.

Related information

Cruise control (CC) – introduction (p. 172)

Cruise control (CC) – deactivating (p. 175)

Toggling between ACC and CC

(standard Cruise Control)

Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) helps the driver maintain a safe distance/time interval to the vehicle ahead.

Switching from ACC to CC

This may be useful if, for example, the radar sen-

sor is obstructed in some way. See Adaptive

Cruise Control – limitations (p. 185) for addi-

tional information.

Press and hold the button; the symbol in the instrument panel will switch from

.

to

> This activates the standard cruise control

function (see Cruise control (CC) – introduction (p. 172)).

WARNING

Switching from ACC to CC means that:

Your vehicle will no longer

automatically maintain a set distance to a vehicle ahead.

Only the set speed will be maintained and the driver will have to apply the brakes when needed.

Switching from CC to ACC

Switch off cruise control by pressing once or twice as needed according to the instructions in the previous section "Turning ACC off completely." The next time the system is switched on,

ACC will be reactivated.

Related information

Adaptive Cruise Control – introduction

(p. 175)

Adaptive Cruise Control – function (p. 177)

174

Cruise control (CC) – deactivating

Cruise control is designed to assist the driver by maintaining a set speed. It is primarily intended for use on long straight roads in steady traffic, such as on highways and other main roads.

Automatic deactivation

The cruise control is automatically deactivated temporarily

if one of the following occurs:

If the speed drops below approximately

20 mph (30 km/h).

When the brake pedal is depressed.

If the gear selector is moved to position

N

.

During wheel spin or wheel lock-up.

If the vehicle's speed is increased by using the accelerator pedal for more than 1 minute.

Engine speed (rpm) is too high or too low.

The currently set speed will be saved in the system's memory.

Temporary deactivation

The driver can temporarily deactivate the cruise control by pressing

0

. The saved speed is shown in brackets in the information display.

Resume set speed

If the cruise control has been deactivated temporarily, it can be reactivated by pressing . The vehicle's speed returns to the most recently set speed.

WARNING

There may be a significant increase in speed after the button has been pressed.

Deactivation

The Cruise control is disengaged by pressing or by switching off the engine. The set speed is cleared.

WARNING

Cruise control should not be used in heavy traffic or when driving on wet or slippery roads. Cruise control may not maintain set speed on steep downgrades.

Related information

Cruise control (CC) – introduction (p. 172)

Cruise control (CC) – engaging and setting speed (p. 173)

DRIVER SUPPORT

Adaptive Cruise Control – introduction

ACC is an optional system designed to assist the driver by maintaining a set speed or a set time interval to the vehicle ahead. It is primarily intended for use on long straight roads in steady traffic, such as on highways and other main roads.

When the driver has set the desired speed and the time interval to the vehicle ahead, ACC functions as follows:

If there are no other vehicles in the lane ahead of you, your vehicle will travel at the set speed.

If ACC's radar sensor detects a slower moving vehicle in the lane ahead, the system will adapt your vehicle's speed to help maintain the set time interval to the vehicle ahead.

When there are no longer slower moving vehicles ahead, your vehicle will accelerate to resume the set speed.

If ACC is switched off completely or in standby mode and your vehicle comes too close to another vehicle ahead, the driver will be warned

by the Distance Alert system (see Distance Alert

– introduction (p. 190)).

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175

DRIVER SUPPORT

||

WARNING

Adaptive Cruise Control cannot cover all driving situations and traffic, weather and road conditions. The "Function" section provides information about limitations that the driver must be aware of before using this feature.

This system is designed to be a supplementary driving aid. It is not, however, intended to replace the driver's attention and judgement. The driver is responsible for maintaining a safe distance and speed and must intervene if Adaptive Cruise

Control does not maintain a suitable speed or suitable distance to the vehicle ahead.

Maintenance of ACC components may only be performed by a trained and qualified Volvo technician.

Operation

Controls and display

Resume previous settings.

Off/On/Standby mode

Decrease/increase time interval

Put in active mode and set a speed (each additional press increases/decreases speed by 1 mph (approximately 2 km/h))

Set speed (shown in green

when active, shown in white

when in standby mode)

Time interval

ACC active ( green

symbol) or in standby mode ( white

symbol)

Radar sensor type approval

USA

FCC ID: L2C0038TR

Canada

IC: 3432A-0038TR

This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC

Rules and with Industry Canada license-exempt

RSS standard(s). Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

The term “IC:” before the radio certification number only signifies that Industry Canada technical specifications were met.

WARNING

Changes or modifications not expressively approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user's authority to operate the equipment.

Related information

Toggling between ACC and CC (standard

Cruise Control) (p. 174)

Cruise control (CC) – introduction (p. 172)

Adaptive Cruise Control – troubleshooting

(p. 189)

Adaptive Cruise Control – symbols and messages (p. 187)

Adaptive Cruise Control – setting time interval (p. 180)

176

Adaptive Cruise Control – setting speed

(p. 179)

Radar sensor (p. 185)

Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) – Queue

Assist (p. 183)

Adaptive Cruise Control – passing another vehicle (p. 182)

Adaptive Cruise Control – limitations

(p. 185)

Adaptive Cruise Control – function (p. 177)

Adaptive Cruise Control – engaging (p. 179)

Adaptive Cruise Control – deactivating

(p. 181)

Adaptive Cruise Control – function

Function

Function overview

3

Warning light, braking by driver required

Controls in steering wheel

Radar sensor in front grille

Adaptive Cruise Control consists of:

A cruise control system to maintain a set speed

A system to maintain a set distance to the vehicle ahead, which is expressed as a time interval. For example, you can choose to remain approximately 2 seconds behind the vehicle ahead. The actual distance required

DRIVER SUPPORT to maintain a 2-second interval will vary according the speed of the vehicles.

WARNING

Adaptive Cruise Control is not a collision avoidance system. The driver is always responsible for applying the brakes if the system does not detect another vehicle.

Adaptive Cruise Control does not react to people or animals, or small vehicles such as bicycles and motorcycles. It also does not react to slow moving, parked or approaching vehicles, or stationary objects.

Do not use Adaptive Cruise Control in demanding driving conditions such as city driving or other heavy traffic situations, in slippery conditions, when there is a great deal of water or slush on the road, during heavy rain or snow, in poor visibility, on winding roads or on highway on- or offramps.

The distance to the vehicle ahead (in the same lane) is monitored by a radar sensor. Your vehicle's speed is regulated by accelerating and braking. The brakes may emit a sound when they are being modulated by the adaptive cruise control system. This is normal.

3 The illustration is generic; details will vary, depending on the model

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DRIVER SUPPORT

||

WARNING

The brake pedal moves when the adaptive cruise control system modulates the brakes.

Do not rest your foot under the brake pedal.

The ACC system is designed to smoothly regulate speed. However, the driver must apply the brakes in situations that require immediate braking. This applies when there are great differences in speed between vehicles, or if the vehicle ahead brakes suddenly.

WARNING

Due to limitations in the radar sensor, braking may occur unexpectedly or not at all, see

Adaptive Cruise Control – limitations (p. 185).

Adaptive Cruise Control can be put in active mode at any permitted speed. However, if the vehicle's speed falls below 18 mph (30 km/h) or if engine speed (rpm) becomes too low, ACC disengages (goes into standby mode) and will no longer modulate the brakes. The driver will then have to maintain a safe distance to the vehicle ahead.

WARNING

When Adaptive Cruise Control is in standby mode or is switched off completely, the brakes will not be modulated automatically.

The driver must assume full control over the vehicle.

Warning light—driver braking required

Adaptive Cruise Control can exert brake force that is equivalent to approximately 40% of the vehicle's total braking capacity. In situations requiring more brake force than ACC can provide and if the driver does not apply the brakes, an audible signal from the Collision Warning system will sound and warning light will illuminate (see

Collision warning

*

– function (p. 203)) in the

windshield to alert the driver to react.

NOTE

Strong sunlight, reflections, extreme light contrasts, the use of sunglasses, or if the driver is not looking straight ahead may make the warning symbol in the windshield difficult to see.

WARNING

Adaptive Cruise Control only warns of vehicles

detected by the radar sensor, see Adaptive

Cruise Control – limitations (p. 185). In some

cases there may be no warning or the warning may be delayed. The driver should always apply the brakes when necessary.

Steep inclines and/or heavy loads

ACC is primarily intended for use on fairly level roads. The system may have difficulty maintaining the correct distance to a vehicle ahead on steep inclines, if the vehicle is carrying a heavy load or is towing a trailer. In these situations, the driver should always be prepared to apply the brakes if necessary.

Related information

Adaptive Cruise Control – introduction

(p. 175)

178 * Option/accessory.

>

Adaptive Cruise Control – engaging

Putting ACC in standby mode

Before ACC can be used to regulate speed and/or the distance to a vehicle ahead, it must first be put in standby mode.

To do so:

NOTE

The driver's door must be closed and the driver's seat belt must be fastened before ACC can be put in active mode. If the driver's seat belt is taken off or if the driver's door is opened, ACC will return to standby mode.

Related information

Adaptive Cruise Control – introduction

(p. 175)

DRIVER SUPPORT

Adaptive Cruise Control – setting speed

Setting a speed

Once ACC has been put in standby mode:

Controls and display

Off/On/Standby mode

Press (2).

The same symbol (7) appears (in white

) in the instrument panel to indicate that ACC is in standby mode.

Controls and display

Put in active mode and set a speed (each additional press increases/decreases speed by 1 mph (approximately 2 km/h))

Press or (4).

> The set speed, for example 60 mph (5), will be magnified for several seconds and the frame around the speed will change colors from white

to green

to indicate that this speed has been stored (set).

When this symbol has changed colors from white

to green

, ACC is in active set speed.

mode and the vehicle will maintain the

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DRIVER SUPPORT

||

This symbol indicates that you are approaching a vehicle ahead.

ACC will switch from maintaining a set speed

to maintaining a set distance

from that vehicle.

When this happens, a speed range

will be indicated on the speedometer:

The higher

speed (the currently set speed (5)) will be marked in green

.

The lower

speed in the range is the speed of the vehicle ahead.

Changing the set speed

After a speed has been set, it can be increased or decreased by briefly pressing the or buttons. Each time one of these buttons is pressed, the vehicle's speed changes by 5 mph or 5 km/h. If the speed is increased by pressing the accelerator pedal, the vehicle's speed when the button is pressed will be set.

Press and hold one of these buttons to increase/decrease the speed in 1-mph or 1km/h increments. Release the button when you have reached the desired speed.

NOTE

If one of the Adaptive Cruise Control buttons is pressed for more than approximately one minute, ACC will be deactivated. The engine must then be switched off and restarted to reset ACC.

In some situations Adaptive Cruise Control cannot be put in active mode.

Cruise control Unavailable

is shown in the dis-

play, see Adaptive Cruise Control – symbols and messages (p. 187).

Related information

Adaptive Cruise Control – introduction

(p. 175)

Adaptive Cruise Control – setting time interval

Setting a time interval

Controls and display

Decrease/increase time interval

The set time interval to vehicles ahead can be increased by pressing and decreased by pressing . The current time interval is shown briefly in the display following adjustment.

180

DRIVER SUPPORT

Different time intervals can be selected and are shown in the instrument panel

4

as 1–5 horizontal bars. The greater the number of bars, the longer the time interval. One bar represents a time interval of approximately 1 second; 5 bars is approximately

3 seconds.

To set/change a time interval:

Press the / buttons (3).

At low speeds, when the distance to the vehicle ahead is short, ACC increases the time interval slightly. In order to follow the vehicle ahead as smoothly as possible, ACC allows the time interval to vary considerably in certain situations.

WARNING

Only use a time interval that is suitable in current traffic conditions.

A short time interval gives the driver limited reaction time if an unexpected situation occurs in traffic.

Related information

Adaptive Cruise Control – introduction

(p. 175)

Adaptive Cruise Control – deactivating

Standby mode (temporary deactivation)

To temporarily deactivate ACC (put it in standby mode):

Controls and display

Resume previous settings.

Off/On/Standby mode

Press (2).

This symbol and the marking for the set speed with change colors from green

to white.

The previously set speed and time interval are resumed by pressing (1).

WARNING

The vehicle may accelerate quickly after has been pressed if its current speed is considerably lower than the set speed.

Standby mode due to action by the driver

ACC is temporarily deactivated and put in standby mode: if the brakes are applied if the gear selector is moved to

N if the driver drives faster than the set speed for more than

1

minute.

In this happens, the driver will have to regulate the vehicle's speed.

NOTE

If the accelerator pedal is only depressed for a short time, such as when passing another vehicle, ACC is deactivated temporarily and is reactivated when the pedal is released.

Automatic standby mode

ACC is linked to other systems such as the stability system. If this system is not functioning properly, ACC will switch off automatically.

4

The same symbol appears if Distance Alert (see Distance Alert – introduction (p. 190)) is activated

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181

DRIVER SUPPORT

||

In the event of automatic deactivation, an audible signal will sound and the message

Cruise control Cancelled

is shown in the instrument panel. The driver must then intervene and adapt the vehicle's speed to the surrounding traffic and regulate the distance to the vehicle ahead.

An automatic switch to standby mode may be caused if: engine speed (rpm) is too high/low

The driver's door is opened

The driver unbuckles his/her seat belt the vehicle's speed goes below 18 mph

(30 km/h) the wheels lose traction brake temperature is high the radar sensor is obstructed by, for example, wet snow or rain.

Resuming the set speed

If ACC is in standby mode, it can be reactivated by pressing the button on the steering wheel keypad. The vehicle will return to the most recently set speed.

WARNING

The vehicle may accelerate quickly after has been pressed if its current speed is considerably lower than the set speed.

Turning ACC off completely

Controls and display

Resume previous settings.

Off/On/Standby mode

From standby mode, press (2) once.

From active mode, press (2) twice.

The set speed and time interval are then cleared from the system's memory and cannot be resumed by pressing (1) .

Related information

Adaptive Cruise Control – introduction

(p. 175)

Adaptive Cruise Control – passing another vehicle

Passing another vehicle

If your vehicle’s speed is being regulated by ACC and the driver indicates that he/she would like to pass the vehicle ahead by using the left

turn signal, ACC can assist by accelerating briefly.

This function is active at speeds above approximately 45 mph (70 km/h).

WARNING

Please be aware that this function will also cause the vehicle to accelerate briefly in certain situations other than passing another vehicle, for example using the left turn signal to indicate a lane change or a turn toward a highway exit at speeds above approximately

45 mph (70 km/h).

Related information

Adaptive Cruise Control – introduction

(p. 175)

182

DRIVER SUPPORT

Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) –

Queue Assist

Queue Assist is an added ACC feature that is linked to your vehicle's automatic transmission.

Introduction

Queue Assist is an added ACC feature that is linked to your vehicle's automatic transmission.

Queue Assist consists of the following functions:

Enhanced speed interval (including when the vehicle is at a complete stop or is moving at speed below 18 mph (30 km/h))

Automatic standby mode when ACC changes target vehicles

No automatic braking when at a standstill

The parking brake is applied automatically

Please note that the lowest speed that can be set is 18 mph (30 km/h), although ACC can maintain a set speed/distance to a vehicle ahead down to a standstill. Queue Assist consists of the following features:

Enhanced speed interval

NOTE

The driver's door must be closed and the driver's seat belt must be fastened before ACC can be put in active mode. If the driver's seat belt is taken off or if the driver's door is opened, ACC will return to standby mode.

Your vehicle can maintain the set time interval to the vehicle ahead at any permissible speed, including a complete stop.

In order to activate ACC at speeds below 18 mph

(30 km/h):

The vehicle ahead must be within a reasonable distance (not farther away than approx.

100 ft/30 meters)

The lowest speed that can be selected is

18 mph (30 km/h), although ACC will also help maintain the set time interval to the vehicle ahead at lower speeds, including a complete stop.

During short stops (less than approximately

3 seconds) in slow-moving traffic, your vehicle will begin moving again automatically as soon as the vehicle ahead begins to move.

If it takes more than 3 seconds for the vehicle ahead to begin moving, ACC will be automatically go into standby mode.

The driver will then have to reactivate ACC in one of the following ways:

By pressing

By accelerating up to at least 3 mph

(4 km/h). ACC will then resume following the vehicle ahead.

Your vehicle will then resume following the vehicle ahead at the set time interval.

NOTE

ACC can remain active and keep your vehicle at a standstill for up to 4 minutes. After

4 minutes have elapsed, the parking brake will be engaged and ACC will go into standby mode.

To reactivate ACC, the driver must release the

parking brake (see Parking brake – general information (p. 271)).

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DRIVER SUPPORT

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Automatic standby mode when ACC changes target vehicles

If the vehicle ahead turns suddenly, there may be a stationary vehicle ahead

The following only applies at speeds below approximately 18 mph (30 km/h)

:

If ACC changes target vehicles (the vehicle that the radar sensor has detected) from a moving vehicle to a stationary one, the system will apply the brakes in your vehicle.

WARNING

At speeds above

18 mph (30 km/h), ACC will not react to a stationary vehicle and apply the brakes but will instead accelerate to the previously set speed. The driver must actively apply the brakes to stop the vehicle.

ACC disengages and goes into standby mode if:

Your vehicle's speed goes below 10 mph

(15 km/h) and ACC cannot determine if the target object is a stationary vehicle or some

• other type of object such as e.g., a speed bump.

Your vehicle's speed goes below 10 mph

(15 km/h) and the vehicle ahead turns so that ACC no longer has a target vehicle to follow.

No automatic braking when at a standstill

In certain situations, ACC will no longer apply the brakes and go into standby mode while the vehicle is not moving. This means that the driver will have to apply the brakes.

This happens if:

The driver presses the brake pedal

The parking brake is activated

The gear selected is moved to

P

,

N

or

R

The driver presses the in standby mode

button to put ACC

The parking brake is applied automatically

In certain situations, ACC will apply the parking brake in order to continue keeping the vehicle at a standstill.

This happens if:

The driver opens the door or takes off his/her seat belt

The stability system is put in Sport mode

(see Stability system – operation (p. 167))

ACC has kept the vehicle at a standstill for more than 2 minutes

The engine has been switched off

The brakes have overheated

Related information

Adaptive Cruise Control – introduction

(p. 175)

184

Radar sensor

The radar sensor is designed to help detect cars or larger vehicles driving in the same direction as your vehicle, in the same lane.

The radar sensor and its limitations

In addition to being used by the Adaptive Cruise

Control (ACC), the radar sensor is also used by

Distance Alert (see Distance Alert – introduction

(p. 190)) and Collision Warning with Full Auto-

brake and Pedestrian Detection (see Collision warning – introduction (p. 201)).

WARNING

If there is visible damage to the front grille or you suspect that the radar sensor may be damaged in any way, contact a trained and qualified Volvo service technician as soon as possible. The radar sensor may only function partially (or not at all) if it is damaged or is not securely fastened in place.

Accessories or other objects, such as extra headlights, must not be installed in front of the grille.

Modification of the radar sensor could make its use illegal.

The radar sensor's capacity to detect vehicles ahead is impeded:

• if the radar sensor is obstructed and cannot detect other vehicles, for example in heavy rain, or if snow or other objects are obscuring the radar sensor.

NOTE

Keep the area in front of the radar sensor clean.

• if the speed of vehicles ahead is significantly different from your own speed.

Related information

Adaptive Cruise Control – introduction

(p. 175)

Collision warning – introduction (p. 201)

Distance Alert – introduction (p. 190)

DRIVER SUPPORT

Adaptive Cruise Control – limitations

The ACC cannot cover all driving situations and traffic, weather and road conditions.

Situations where ACC may not function optimally

WARNING

The radar sensor has a limited field of vision. In some situations it may detect a vehicle later than expected or not detect other vehicles at all.

If ACC is not functioning properly, cruise control will also be disabled.

}}

185

DRIVER SUPPORT

||

Radar sensor's field of vision (shown in pink)

In certain situations, the radar sensor cannot detect vehicles at close quarters, for example a vehicle that suddenly enters the lane between your vehicle and the target vehicle.

Small vehicles, such as motorcycles, or vehicles not driving in the center of the lane may remain undetected.

In curves, the radar sensor may detect the wrong vehicle or lose sight of the target vehicle.

WARNING

Adaptive Cruise Control cannot cover all driving situations and traffic, weather and road conditions. The "Function" section provides information about limitations that the driver must be aware of before using this feature.

This system is designed to be a supplementary driving aid. It is not, however, intended to replace the driver's attention and judgement. The driver is responsible for maintaining a safe distance and speed and must intervene if Adaptive Cruise

Control does not maintain a suitable speed or suitable distance to the vehicle ahead.

Maintenance of ACC components may only be performed by a trained and qualified Volvo technician.

WARNING

Adaptive Cruise Control is not a collision avoidance system. The driver is always responsible for applying the brakes if the system does not detect another vehicle.

Adaptive Cruise Control does not react to people or animals, or small vehicles such as bicycles and motorcycles. It also does not react to slow moving, parked or approaching vehicles, or stationary objects.

Do not use Adaptive Cruise Control in demanding driving conditions such as city driving or other heavy traffic situations, in slippery conditions, when there is a great deal of water or slush on the road, during heavy rain or snow, in poor visibility, on winding roads or on highway on- or offramps.

Related information

Adaptive Cruise Control – introduction

(p. 175)

186

DRIVER SUPPORT

Adaptive Cruise Control – symbols and messages

Symbols and messages in the display

A text message can be erased by pressing briefly on the

OK

button on the turn signal lever.

Symbol Message

Green symbol

-

-

-

Description

A speed has been set.

-

White symbol ACC is in standby mode but no speed has been set.

Standard cruise control has been selected manually.

Set ESC to Normal to enable Cruise

Cruise control Cancelled

Cruise control Unavailable

Radar blocked See manual

ACC cannot be put in active mode until the stability system is switched normal operating mode, see Stability system – introduction (p. 166) for more information.

ACC has been automatically switched off. The driver has to regulate the vehicle’s speed/distance to the vehicle ahead.

ACC cannot be put in active mode. This may be due to:

• high brake temperature the radar sensor is obstructed (by heavy rain, snow, etc.)

ACC has been temporarily disconnected because the radar is obstructed in some way and cannot detect other vehicles.

In this situation, the driver can switch to standard cruise control, see Toggling between ACC and CC (standard

Cruise Control) (p. 174)

See Adaptive Cruise Control – limitations (p. 185) for information on the radar sensor’s limitations.

}}

187

DRIVER SUPPORT

||

Symbol

-

-

-

Message

Cruise control Service required

Press Brake To hold an audible signal

+

Below 30 km/h Only following

Description

ACC is not functioning.

Contact a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.

The vehicle is at a standstill and ACC will release the brakes before the parking brake engages to keep the vehicle stopped but a problem with the parking brake means that the vehicle may begin to roll.

The driver will have to apply the brakes. The message will remain in the display and the audible signal will continue until the driver applies the brakes or presses the accelerator pedal.

This is displayed if you try to activate ACC at speeds below approx. 18 mph (30 km/h) without a vehicle ahead within range (approx. 100 ft/30 meters).

Related information

Adaptive Cruise Control – introduction

(p. 175)

188

DRIVER SUPPORT

Adaptive Cruise Control – troubleshooting

If the message

Radar blocked See manual

is displayed, this means that the radar signals from the sensor have been obstructed and that a vehicle ahead cannot be detected.

This, in turn, means that the functions of the

ACC, Distance Alert, and Collision Warning System with Auto-brake and Pedestrian Detection will not function.

The table lists possible causes for this message being displayed, and suitable actions.

Cause

The surface of the radar in the grille is dirty or obstructed in some way.

Heavy rain or snow is interfering with the radar signals.

Swirling water or snow from the surface of the road may interfere with the radar signals.

The surface of the radar is clean but the message remains in the display.

Action

Clean the radar surface, or remove the object causing the obstruction.

No action possible. Heavy precipitation may affect the function of the radar.

No action possible. A very wet or snow-covered road surface may affect the function of the radar.

Wait a short time. It may take several minutes for the radar to detect that it is no longer obstructed.

Related information

Adaptive Cruise Control – introduction

(p. 175)

189

DRIVER SUPPORT

Distance Alert – introduction

Distance Alert is part of Adaptive Cruise Control and is a function that provides information about the time interval to the vehicle ahead.

Introduction

Distance Alert is active at speeds above approximately 18 mph (30 km/h). Time interval information is only given for a vehicle that is driving ahead of your vehicle in the same direction. No information is provided for vehicles driving toward you, moving very slowly, or at a standstill.

NOTE

Distance Alert only monitors distance to the vehicle ahead while Adaptive Cruise Control is in standby mode or off.

WARNING

Distance Alert only indicates the distance to the vehicle ahead. It does not affect the speed of your vehicle.

Related information

Distance Alert – operation (p. 190)

Distance Alert – limitations (p. 191)

Distance Alert – symbols and messages

(p. 193)

Distance Alert – operation

Distance Alert is part of Adaptive Cruise Control and is a function that provides information about the time interval to the vehicle ahead.

Amber warning light

5

.

An amber warning light in the windshield glows steadily if your vehicle is closer to the one ahead than the set time interval.

Press the button in the center instrument panel to switch this function on or off. The indicator light in the button illuminates when the function is on.

Depending on the optional equipment selected, there may not be room for a Distance Alert button in the center console. In this case, the function is controlled through the menu system. Press

MY CAR

and go to

Distance alert

Settings

On/Off

.

Car settings

190

5 The illustration is generic; certain details may vary from model to model

Setting a time interval

Controls and display

Time interval: Increase/decrease

Time interval On

Press to increase the interval or decrease it.

to

Five different time intervals can be selected and are shown in the display as 1–5 horizontal bars. The greater the number of bars, the longer the time interval. One bar represents approximately 1 second to the vehicle ahead; 5 bars is approximately 3 seconds.

NOTE

The higher your vehicle’s speed, the greater the distance to the vehicle ahead, measured in feet (meters), for a given time interval.

The set time interval is also used by

Adaptive Cruise Control, see Adaptive

Cruise Control – setting speed (p. 179).

WARNING

Only use a time interval that is suitable in current traffic conditions.

Related information

Distance Alert – introduction (p. 190)

Distance Alert – limitations (p. 191)

Distance Alert – symbols and messages

(p. 193)

DRIVER SUPPORT

Distance Alert – limitations

Distance Alert is part of Adaptive Cruise Control and is a function that provides information about the time interval to the vehicle ahead.

Limitations

Distance Alert uses the same radar sensor used by Adaptive Cruise Control and the Collision

Warning system. See Adaptive Cruise Control – limitations (p. 185) for more information on the

radar sensor’s limitations.

NOTE

Strong sunlight, reflections, extreme light contrasts, the use of sunglasses, or if the driver is not looking straight ahead may make the warning symbol in the windshield difficult to see.

WARNING

Bad weather or winding roads may affect the radar sensor’s capacity to detect vehicles ahead.

The size of the vehicle ahead, such as a motorcycle, may also make it difficult to detect. This may result in the warning light illuminating at a shorter distance than the one that has been set, or that the light will not come on at all.

}}

191

DRIVER SUPPORT

||

Related information

Distance Alert – introduction (p. 190)

Distance Alert – operation (p. 190)

Distance Alert – symbols and messages

(p. 193)

192

DRIVER SUPPORT

Distance Alert – symbols and messages

Distance Alert is part of Adaptive Cruise Control and is a function that provides information about the time interval to the vehicle ahead.

Symbols and text messages

A text message can be erased by pressing briefly on the

OK

button on the turn signal lever.

Symbol Message

Radar blocked See manual

Description

Distance Alert has been temporarily disconnected because the radar is obstructed in some way and cannot detect

other vehicles. See Adaptive Cruise Control – limitations (p. 185) for information on the radar sensor’s limitations.

Collision warn. Service required

Distance Alert or Collision Warning with Full Auto-brake and Pedestrian Detection is not functioning properly. Contact a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.

Related information

Distance Alert – introduction (p. 190)

Distance Alert – operation (p. 190)

Distance Alert – limitations (p. 191)

193

194

DRIVER SUPPORT

City Safety – introduction

City Safety

6

is a support system designed to help the driver avoid low speed collisions when driving in slow-moving, stop-and-go traffic.

City Safety

is not active if your vehicle’s speed is below approximately 2 mph (4 km/h). This means that City Safety

will not react if your vehicle approaches another vehicle at very low speed, for example, when parking.

The function is active at speeds up to approximately 30 mph (50 km/h) and assists the driver by applying the brakes automatically, thereby avoiding or helping to reduce the effects of a collision.

City Safety

is designed to intervene as late as possible to help avoid unnecessary activation.

City Safety

triggers brief, forceful braking if a low-speed collision is imminent. However, the system will not intervene in situations where the driver actively steers the vehicle or applies the brakes, even if a collision cannot be avoided. This is done in order to always give the driver’s actions highest priority.

City Safety

activates in situations where the driver has not applied the brakes in time, which means that the system cannot help the driver in all situations.

City Safety

should not be used to alter the way in which the driver operates the vehicle. The driver should never rely solely on this system to safely stop the vehicle.

Normally, the occupants of the vehicle will not be aware of City Safety

except when the system intervenes when a low-speed collision is imminent.

If the vehicle is also equipped with the optional

Collision Warning with Full Auto-brake and

Pedestrian Detection system, the two systems interact. For more information about the Collision

Warning with Auto-brake system, see Collision warning – introduction (p. 201) .

WARNING

City Safety

is a supplemental aid to the driver. It can never replace the driver’s attention to traffic conditions or his/her responsibility for operating the vehicle in a safe manner.

City Safety

does not function in all driving situations or in all traffic, weather or road conditions.

WARNING

City Safety

only reacts to vehicles traveling in the same direction as your vehicle and does not react to small vehicles or motorcycles or to people or animals.

City Safety

is not activated when your vehicle is backing up.

City Safety

functions at speeds up to

30 mph (50 km/h). This system can help prevent a collision if the difference in speed

between your vehicle and the vehicle ahead is less than 9 mph

(15 km/h). If the difference in speed is greater, a collision cannot be avoided but the speed at which the collision occurs can be reduced. The driver must apply the vehicle’s brakes for full braking effect.

City Safety

will not intervene in a potential collision situation if the vehicle is being driven actively. The driver is always responsible for maintaining a safe distance to a vehicle or object ahead.

Related information

City Safety – function (p. 195)

City Safety – operation (p. 196)

City Safety – limitations (p. 196)

City Safety – troubleshooting (p. 197)

6 City Safety is a registered trademark of the Volvo Car Corporation

City Safety – symbols and messages

(p. 199)

City Safety – Laser sensor (p. 200)

7 The illustration is generic; certain details may vary from model to model

DRIVER SUPPORT

City Safety – function

Function

Location of the laser sensor in the windshield

7

City Safety

monitors traffic ahead of you using a laser sensor mounted in the upper section of the windshield. If a collision is imminent, City

Safety

will automatically apply the brakes, which may feel like hard braking.

If the difference in speed between your vehicle and the vehicle ahead is more than approximately

9 mph (15 km/h), City Safety

alone cannot prevent a collision from taking place. The driver must apply the brakes to help avoid a collision or reduce its effect.

When the function activates and applies the brakes, a message will appear in the information display to indicate that the system is/has been active.

NOTE

When City Safety

applies the brakes, the brake lights will illuminate.

In cases where City Safety

has stopped the vehicle, the system will then release the brakes. The driver must apply the brakes to keep the vehicle at a standstill.

Related information

City Safety – introduction (p. 194)

City Safety – operation (p. 196)

City Safety – limitations (p. 196)

City Safety – troubleshooting (p. 197)

City Safety – symbols and messages

(p. 199)

City Safety – Laser sensor (p. 200)

195

196

DRIVER SUPPORT

City Safety – operation

Using City Safety

NOTE

The City Safety

function is activated automatically each time the engine has been switched off and restarted.

On and Off

In certain situations, it may be desirable to switch

City Safety

off, such as when driving in close quarters where leaves, branches, etc. may obscure the hood and windshield.

When the engine is running, City Safety

can be switched off as follows:

Press

My Car

in the center console control panel and go to

Settings Car settings Driver support systems City Safety

. Select

Off

.

If the engine is switched off, City Safety

will reactivate when the engine is restarted.

WARNING

The laser sensor emits light when the ignition is in mode

II

or higher, even if City Safety

™ has been switched off.

To switch City Safety

on again:

Follow the same procedure as for switching

City Safety

off but select

On

.

Related information

City Safety – introduction (p. 194)

City Safety – function (p. 195)

City Safety – limitations (p. 196)

City Safety – troubleshooting (p. 197)

City Safety – symbols and messages

(p. 199)

City Safety – Laser sensor (p. 200)

My Car – introduction (p. 71)

City Safety – limitations

Limitations

WARNING

The laser sensor has certain limitations and its function may be reduced (or it may not function at all) in conditions such as heavy rain or snowfall, or by dense fog or thick, blowing dust or snow. Condensation, dirt, ice or snow on the windshield may also interfere with the sensor’s function.

The sensor used by City Safety

is designed to detect cars and other larger motor vehicles ahead of your vehicle in both daylight and darkness.

Objects such as warning flags hanging from long objects on the roof or accessories such as auxiliary lights or protective arches on the front of the vehicle that are higher than the hood may also impede the sensor’s function.

Braking distance to the vehicle ahead increases on slippery road surfaces, which may reduce City

Safety’s capacity to avoid a collision. In situations

like this, the stability system (see Stability system

– introduction (p. 166)) will help provide the best

possible braking capacity and stability.

City Safety

emits a laser beam and measures the way in which the light is reflected. Therefore, vehicles or objects with low-reflective surfaces

may not be detected. Normally, the license plate and taillight reflectors give the rear section of a vehicle ahead sufficient reflective surfaces to be detected.

NOTE

Keep the windshield in front of the laser

sensor free of ice, snow, dirt, etc., see City

Safety – function (p. 195).

Snow or ice on the hood deeper than

2 inches (5 cm) may obstruct the sensor.

Keep the hood free of ice and snow.

Do not mount or in any way attach anything on the windshield that could obstruct the laser sensor.

Related information

City Safety – introduction (p. 194)

City Safety – function (p. 195)

City Safety – operation (p. 196)

City Safety – troubleshooting (p. 197)

City Safety – symbols and messages

(p. 199)

City Safety – Laser sensor (p. 200)

DRIVER SUPPORT

City Safety – troubleshooting

Troubleshooting

If

Windscreen Sensors blocked

appears in the information display, this indicates that the City

Safety

laser sensor is obstructed in some way and cannot detect vehicles ahead of you, which means that the system is not functioning.

However, this message will not be displayed in all situations in which the sensor is obstructed. For this reason, the driver must ensure that the area of the windshield in front of the sensor is always kept clean.

The following table shows some of the situations that can cause the message to be displayed and suggested actions.

Cause

The area of the windshield in front of the sensor is dirty or covered by ice or snow.

The laser sensor's field of view is obstructed.

Action

Clean the windshield or remove the ice/snow.

Remove the obstruction.

NOTE

If a crack, scratch or stone chip should occur in the section of the windshield in front the laser sensor, contact a trained and qualified

Volvo service technician to repair or replace the windshield (see the illustration showing

the location of the sensor in City Safety – function (p. 195)). Failing to do so may result

in reduced City Safety

functionality.

To help prevent limited or reduced functionality, please also observe the following:

Volvo recommends that cracks, scratches or stone chips on the windshield in front of the laser sensor should not

be repaired; in such cases, the entire windshield should be replaced.

Before the windshield is replaced, contact a Volvo retailer to ensure that the correct windshield is ordered and installed. If the wrong type of windshield is used, this may cause City Safety

to function improperly or not at all. Volvo recommends the use of only Genuine

Volvo Replacement Windshields.

When replacing windshield wipers, use the same type or ones approved by Volvo.

Related information

City Safety – introduction (p. 194)

City Safety – function (p. 195)

}}

197

DRIVER SUPPORT

||

City Safety – operation (p. 196)

City Safety – limitations (p. 196)

City Safety – symbols and messages

(p. 199)

City Safety – Laser sensor (p. 200)

198

DRIVER SUPPORT

City Safety – symbols and messages

Symbols and messages in the display

When City Safety

automatically applies the brakes, one or more of the symbols in the main instrument panel may illuminate and its associated message will be displayed.

A text message can be erased by pressing briefly on the

OK

button on the turn signal lever.

Symbol Message

Auto braking by City

Safety

Windscreen Sensors blocked

Meaning/action required

City Safety

is applying/has applied the brakes automatically.

City Safety Service required

Related information

City Safety – introduction (p. 194)

City Safety – function (p. 195)

City Safety – operation (p. 196)

City Safety – limitations (p. 196)

City Safety – troubleshooting (p. 197)

City Safety – Laser sensor (p. 200)

The laser sensor is temporarily not functioning due to an obstruction.

Remove the obstruction and/or clean the windshield in front of the sensor(s).

For more information on the sensor’s limitations, see City Safety – limitations (p. 196).

City Safety

is not functioning.

If this message remains in the display, have the system checked by a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.

199

200

DRIVER SUPPORT

City Safety – Laser sensor

The laser sensor

The upper decal describes the laser beam's classification and contains the following text:

Invisible Laser radiation – Do not view directly with optical instruments (magnifiers) – Class 1M laser product.

The lower decal describes the laser beam's physical data and contains the text:

IEC 60825-1:1993 + A2:2001. Complies with

FDA performance standards for laser products except for deviations pursuant to Laser Notice

No. 50, dated July 26th, 2001

The laser beam's physical data is listed in the following table:

Maximum pulse energy

Maximum average output

Pulse length

Divergence (horizontal × vertical)

2.64 μJ

45 mW

33 ns

28° × 12°

NOTE

The function of aftermarket laser detectors may be affected by City Safety's laser sensor.

WARNING

The laser sensor emits light when the ignition is in mode

II

or higher, even if City Safety

™ has been switched off.

WARNING

Eye injury may occur if any of the following points are not followed:

It is essential that all pertinent instructions be followed when handling laser instruments. Testing, repairing, removing, adjusting and/or replacing any components in the laser sensor may only be done by a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.

Do not remove the laser sensor (including removal of the lenses). A laser sensor that has been removed belongs to laser class 3B according to standard IEC

60825-1. Devices in laser class 3B present a risk of injury to the eyes.

The laser sensor’s connector must be disconnected before the sensor is removed from the windshield.

The laser sensor must be mounted in place on the windshield before connecting the sensor’s connector.

Do not view the laser sensor (which emits spreading, invisible laser beams) with optical instruments from a distance of less than 4 inches (100 mm).

Related information

City Safety – introduction (p. 194)

City Safety – function (p. 195)

DRIVER SUPPORT

City Safety – operation (p. 196)

City Safety – limitations (p. 196)

City Safety – troubleshooting (p. 197)

City Safety – symbols and messages (p. 199)

Collision warning – introduction

Pedestrian and Cyclist Detection with Full Auto

Brake is designed to assist the driver if there is a risk of a collision with a pedestrian, a cyclist, a vehicle ahead that is at a standstill or one that is moving in the same direction as your vehicle.

This system consists of the following three functions:

Collision Warning

warns the driver of a potential collision situation.

Brake Support

helps the driver brake efficiently in a critical situation.

Auto-brake

brakes the vehicle automatically if a collision with a pedestrian, a cyclist or another vehicle cannot be avoided and the driver does not apply the brakes in time or steer around the person/vehicle. Auto-brake can help prevent a collision or reduce the speed at which a collision occurs.

Since Pedestrian and Cyclist Detection with Full

Auto Brake is activated in circumstances where the driver should have begun braking much sooner, the system will not be able to assist the driver in all situations.

This system is designed to activate as late as possible to help avoid unnecessary intervention.

The system should not be used in such a way that the driver changes his/her way of operating the vehicle. If the driver relies entirely on the system, the chances of an accident eventually occurring increase considerably.

The Pedestrian and Cyclist Detection with Full

Auto Brake and City Safety

systems supple-

ment each other. See City Safety – introduction

(p. 194) for detailed information about City

Safety

.

WARNING

No automatic system can be guaranteed to function 100% correctly in all situations. For that reason, never test the Auto-brake system by driving toward a person or object. This could result in serious injury or death.

}}

201

DRIVER SUPPORT

||

WARNING

Pedestrian and Cyclist Detection with Full

Auto Brake does not work in all driving, traffic, weather and road conditions. It does not react to vehicles not traveling in the same direction as your vehicle.

Pedestrian and Cyclist Detection with Full

Auto Brake does not react to animals.

Warnings are only provided when the risk of collision is high. The "Function" section provides information about limitations that the driver must be aware of before using

Collision Warning.

Pedestrian and Cyclist Detection with Full

Auto Brake will not provide a warning or brake the vehicle for pedestrians or cyclists at speeds above 50 mph

(80 km/h).

WARNING

Pedestrian and Cyclist Detection with Full

Auto Brake will not provide a warning or brake the vehicle for pedestrians in darkness or in tunnels, even if there is street lighting in the area.

The auto-brake function can help prevent a collision or reduce the speed at impact but the driver should always apply the brakes for the best possible braking effect, even if auto-brake is actively applying the brakes.

Never wait for a collision warning. This system is designed to be a supplementary driving aid. It is not, however, intended to replace the driver's attention and judgement. The driver is responsible for maintaining a safe distance and speed, even when the collision warning system is in use.

Maintenance of the Pedestrian and

Cyclist Detection with Full Auto Brake system's components must only be performed by a trained and qualified Volvo technician.

Related information

Collision warning

*

– function (p. 203)

Collision warning

*

– operation (p. 204)

Collision warning

*

– Pedestrian detection

(p. 206)

Collision warning

*

– Cyclist detection

(p. 205)

Collision warning

*

– limitations (p. 207)

The camera’s limitations (p. 209)

The camera’s limitations (p. 209)

Collision warning – troubleshooting (p. 210)

Collision warning – symbols and messages

(p. 212)

202 * Option/accessory.

Collision warning

*

– function

Function overview

Audio-visual warning signals, collision risk

Radar sensor

Camera

Collision Warning

The radar sensor and the camera work together to detect a pedestrian, a cyclist, stationary vehicles and vehicles that are moving in the same direction as your vehicle. If there is a risk of collision with a vehicle, a cyclist or a pedestrian, the driver is alerted by a flashing red warning light and an audible warning signal. The system is active at speeds above 3 mph (4 km/h).

Brake Support

If the risk of collision continues to increase after the collision warning has been given, Brake Support is activated. Brake Support prepares the brake system to react quickly, and the brakes are applied slightly. This may be experienced as a light tug.

If the brakes are applied quickly, full braking effect will be provided. Brake Support also increases brake force if the system determines that the driver has not applied adequate pressure on the brake pedal.

Auto-brake

If a collision is imminent and the driver has not applied the brakes or begun to steer around the vehicle, pedestrian or a cyclist, the auto-brake function is activated without the driver pressing the brake pedal. Full brake force is applied to help reduce the vehicle’s speed when the collision occurs or limited brake force is applied if this is sufficient to avoid the collision.

NOTE

The auto-brake and brake support functions are always on and cannot be turned off.

Related information

Collision warning – introduction (p. 201)

Collision warning

*

– operation (p. 204)

DRIVER SUPPORT

Collision warning

*

– Pedestrian detection

(p. 206)

Collision warning

*

– Cyclist detection

(p. 205)

Collision warning

*

– limitations (p. 207)

Collision warning – troubleshooting (p. 210)

Collision warning – symbols and messages

(p. 212)

* Option/accessory.

203

204

DRIVER SUPPORT

Collision warning

*

– operation

Settings are made by pressing

MY CAR

on the center console control panel and using the menus displayed.

Activating/deactivating both warning signals

To switch the system's audible

and visual

signals on or off at the same time, press

MY CAR on the center console control panel and go to

Settings Car settings Driver support systems Collision Warning

. If Pedestrian and Cyclist Detection with Full Auto Brake is on, the system will perform a self-test each time the engine is started by briefly illuminating the warn-

ing light. See My Car – introduction (p. 71) for a

description of the menu system.

When the engine is switched on, the system setting that was being used when it was switched off will be the default setting.

NOTE

The auto-brake and pedestrian/cyclist detection features are always on, even if the audible and visual warning signals have been deactivated.

Activating/deactivating the audible warning signal only

The audible warning signal can be activated/ deactivated by pressing

MY CAR

on the center console control panel and going to

Settings

Car settings Driver support systems

Warning sound if risk of collision

.

Setting a warning distance

This setting determines the distance at which the visual and audible warnings are triggered. Select

Long

,

Normal

or

Short

by pressing

MY CAR

on the center console control panel and going to

Settings systems distance

.

Car settings Driver support

Collision Warning Warning

The warning distance determines the level of sensitivity used by the system. The warning distance

Long

provides an earlier warning. Begin by using

Long

and if the system gives too many warnings, try changing to

Normal

.

WARNING

The setting

Short

should only be used in situations where traffic is light and moving at low speeds.

Pedestrian and Cyclist Detection with Full

Auto Brake alerts the driver to the risk of a collision but this function cannot reduce the driver’s reaction time.

For the system to be as effective as possible, it is recommended that Distance

Alert be set to 4 or 5, see Distance Alert

– operation (p. 190).

NOTE

When Adaptive Cruise Control is used, the warning light and signal will be used by that function, even if the warnings provided by Pedestrian and Cyclist Detection with Full Auto Brake have been deactivated by the driver.

In situations where traffic is moving at considerably different speeds, or if the vehicle ahead brakes suddenly, warnings may be considered to be late, even if the setting

Long

has been selected.

Checking settings

The current system settings can be checked by pressing

MY CAR

on the center console control

* Option/accessory.

DRIVER SUPPORT panel and going to

Settings

Driver support systems

Car settings

Collision Warning

.

Related information

Collision warning – introduction (p. 201)

Collision warning

*

– function (p. 203)

Collision warning

*

– Pedestrian detection

(p. 206)

Collision warning

*

– Cyclist detection

(p. 205)

Collision warning

*

– limitations (p. 207)

The camera’s limitations (p. 209)

Collision warning – symbols and messages

(p. 212)

Collision warning – troubleshooting (p. 210)

Collision warning

*

– Cyclist detection

The system can detect a cyclist and auto-brake if certain parameters are fulfilled.

Optimal example of what the system considers to be a cyclist: clear body/bike contours, straight from behind and directly in front of the vehicle

In order to help detect a cyclist, the system has to receive clear information about the contours of the cyclist's body and the bike. It has to able to clearly detect the bike, the cyclist's head, arms, shoulders, legs and upper and lower body combined with the person's pattern of movement when cycling.

The function only detects cyclists from behind who are moving in the same direction as your vehicle

The Cyclist Detection feature requires the following in order to function:

The cyclist must be an adult riding an "adultsize" bike

The bike must be equipped with an approved and clearly visible rear-facing red reflector that is mounted at least 27 in. (70 cm) above the road surface

The feature can only detect a cyclist straight from behind and who is moving in the same direction as your vehicle

A cyclist who is to the left or right of your vehicle may be detected late or not at all.

The camera's capacity to see a cyclist at dawn or dusk is limited, much as it is for the human eye.

}}

* Option/accessory.

205

DRIVER SUPPORT

||

The camera's function is deactivated and will not detect a cyclist in darkness or in tunnels, even if there is street lighting in the area.

For optimal cyclist detection, City Safety

™ must be activated.

WARNING

Pedestrian and Cyclist Detection with Full

Auto Brake is designed to be a supplementary driving aid. It is not, however, intended to replace the driver's attention and judgement.

The driver is always responsible for operating the vehicle in a safe manner.

The system cannot detect a bike/cyclist if:

He/she is wearing loose-fitting clothing that may obscure body contours

The bike is approaching your vehicle from the side

The bike is not equipped with a rear-facing red reflector

The bike is carrying large objects

Most of the cyclist's body or the bike itself cannot be "seen" by the system's camera

Related information

Collision warning – introduction (p. 201)

Collision warning

*

– function (p. 203)

Collision warning

*

– operation (p. 204)

Collision warning

*

– Pedestrian detection

(p. 206)

Collision warning

*

– limitations (p. 207)

Collision warning – troubleshooting (p. 210)

Collision warning – symbols and messages

(p. 212)

Collision warning

*

– Pedestrian detection

The system cannot identify all pedestrians

The Pedestrian and Cyclist Detection with Full

Auto Brake system can only identify and detect a pedestrian who is standing upright. This person can be standing still, walking or running.

This means that the system has to be able to identify a person's head, arms, shoulders, legs, the upper and lower parts of the body and a person's pattern of movement when walking or running.

If parts of the body are not visible to the camera, the system cannot detect the pedestrian.

The following conditions apply:

In order to detect a pedestrian, the system must have a full view of the person's entire

206 * Option/accessory.

• body and the person must be at least 32 in.

(80 cm) tall.

The system cannot detect a pedestrian carrying a large object.

The camera's capacity to see a pedestrian at dawn or dusk is limited, much as it is for the human eye.

The camera's function is deactivated and will not detect a pedestrian in darkness or in tunnels, even if there is street lighting in the area.

WARNING

Pedestrian and Cyclist Detection with Full

Auto Brake is designed to be a supplementary driving aid. It is not, however, intended to replace the driver's attention and judgement. The driver is always responsible for operating the vehicle in a safe manner.

The system cannot detect all pedestrians in all situations, such as in darkness/at night and cannot detect partially hidden pedestrians, people who are less than approx. 32 in. (80 cm) tall, or people wearing clothing that obscures the contours of their bodies.

Related information

Collision warning – introduction (p. 201)

Collision warning

*

– function (p. 203)

Collision warning

*

– operation (p. 204)

Collision warning

*

– Cyclist detection

(p. 205)

Collision warning

*

– limitations (p. 207)

Collision warning – troubleshooting (p. 210)

Collision warning – symbols and messages

(p. 212)

DRIVER SUPPORT

Collision warning

*

– limitations

Strong sunlight, reflections, extreme light contrasts, the use of sunglasses, or if the driver is not looking straight ahead may make the visual warning signal in the windshield difficult to see. For this reason, always activate the audible warning signal.

Slippery driving conditions increase braking distance, which can reduce the system's capacity to avoid a collision. In these conditions, the ABS and stability systems provide the best possible braking effect while helping to maintain stability.

NOTE

The visual warning signal may be temporarily disengaged in the event of high passenger compartment temperature due to strong sunlight, etc. If this occurs, the audible warning signal will be used, even if it has been deactivated in the menu system.

}}

* Option/accessory.

207

DRIVER SUPPORT

||

WARNING

In certain situations, the system cannot provide warnings or warnings may be delayed if traffic conditions or other external factors make it impossible for the radar sensor or camera to detect a pedestrian, a cyclist or a vehicle ahead.

Warnings may not be provided if the distance to the vehicle ahead is short, or if movements of the steering wheel/brake pedal are great, such as during active driving.

The sensor system has a limited range for pedestrians/cyclists and provides warnings and braking effect most effectively at speeds up to 30 mph (50 km/h). For stationary or slow-moving vehicles, the system functions best if your vehicle’s speed is below approximately 45 mph

(70 km/h).

Warnings for stationary or slow-moving vehicles may not be provided in dark conditions or in poor visibility.

The Pedestrian and Cyclist Detection with Full

Auto Brake system uses the same radar sensors as Adaptive Cruise Control. For more information on the radar sensor and its limitations, see

Adaptive Cruise Control – limitations (p. 185).

NOTE

If warnings are given too frequently, the warn-

ing distance can be reduced (see Collision warning

*

– operation (p. 204)). This causes

the system to provide later warnings, which decreases the total number of warnings provided.

WARNING

The system is not activated at speeds under approx. 2 mph (4 km/h). Therefore, it will not brake your vehicle if you approach a vehicle ahead at very low speed, such as when parking.

The driver's actions always have highest priority and override the Pedestrian and

Cyclist Detection with Full Auto Brake system. This means that the system will not intervene in situations where the driver is actively steering, braking or pressing the accelerator pedal, even if a collision is imminent.

When Auto-brake has prevented a collision with a stationary object, your vehicle will remain at a standstill for approx.

1.5 seconds. If your vehicle has been braked for a moving vehicle ahead, your vehicle's speed will be reduced to the same speed as that vehicle's.

Related information

Collision warning – introduction (p. 201)

Collision warning

*

– operation (p. 204)

Collision warning

*

– function (p. 203)

Collision warning

*

– Pedestrian detection

(p. 206)

Collision warning

*

– Cyclist detection

(p. 205)

The camera’s limitations (p. 209)

Collision warning – symbols and messages

(p. 212)

Collision warning – troubleshooting (p. 210)

208 * Option/accessory.

The camera’s limitations

The camera has the same limitations as the human eye.

The camera is used by Pedestrian and Cyclist

Detection with Full Auto Brake Collision warning

– introduction (p. 201), Active High Beams

(Active high beams (AHB)

*

(p. 85)), Road Sign

Information (Road Sign Information (RSI)

*

– introduction (p. 170)) and Driver Alert System (Driver

Alert System (p. 214)) with Lane Departure

Warning or Lane Keeping Aid.

NOTE

To help protect the camera in very hot conditions, it may be temporarily switched off for approximately 15 minutes after the engine has been started.

Keep the section of the windshield in front of the camera clean and free of ice, snow, or condensation.

WARNING

The camera has the same type of limitations as the human eye, i.e., it cannot see as well in heavy snowfall or rain, thick fog or in heavy blowing dust or snow. In such conditions, systems depending on the camera may experience greatly reduced functionality or may be temporarily deactivated.

Never place any objects, decals, etc., on the windshield in front of the camera. This could reduce or block the camera’s function, and could cause one or more of the systems that utilize the camera to stop functioning.

Strong sunlight, reflections from the road surface, ice or snow covering the road, a dirty road surface, or unclear lane marker lines may drastically reduce the camera’s capacity to detect the side of a lane, a pedestrian, a cyclist or another vehicle.

Related information

Collision warning – introduction (p. 201)

Collision warning

*

– function (p. 203)

Collision warning

*

– operation (p. 204)

Collision warning

*

– Pedestrian detection

(p. 206)

Collision warning

*

– Cyclist detection

(p. 205)

DRIVER SUPPORT

Collision warning

*

– limitations (p. 207)

Collision warning – troubleshooting (p. 210)

Collision warning – symbols and messages

(p. 212)

Road Sign Information (RSI)

*

– introduction

(p. 170)

Driver Alert System (p. 214)

Active high beams (AHB)

*

(p. 85)

* Option/accessory.

209

210

DRIVER SUPPORT

Collision warning – troubleshooting

Fault tracing and actions

If the message

Windscreen Sensors blocked is displayed, this means that the camera is obscured and cannot detect pedestrians, cyclists, vehicles or road marker lines in front of the vehicle.

This, in turn, means that Pedestrian and Cyclist

Detection with Full Auto Brake, Driver Alert Control, Lane Departure Warning or Lane Keeping

Aid will not have full functionality.

The table lists possible causes for this message being displayed, and suitable actions.

Cause

The surface of the windshield in front of the camera is dirty or covered with ice or snow.

Fog, heavy rain or snow is interfering with the function of the camera.

Action

Clean or clear the section of the windshield in front of the camera.

The surface of the windshield is clean but the message remains in the display.

The surface between the inside of the windshield and the camera is dirty.

No action possible. Heavy precipitation may affect the function of the camera.

Wait a short time. It may take several minutes for the camera to register visibility.

Contact an authorized Volvo retailer or service technician to have this surface cleaned.

Maintenance

Camera and radar sensor

8

.

In order to function properly, the camera and radar sensor must be kept clean. Dirt, ice, snow, etc., will reduce the function of these components.

Remove ice and snow when necessary and wash these areas regularly with a suitable car washing liquid.

Related information

Collision warning – introduction (p. 201)

Collision warning

*

– function (p. 203)

Collision warning

*

– operation (p. 204)

Collision warning

*

– Pedestrian detection

(p. 206)

8 The illustration is generic; details will vary, depending on the model

Collision warning

*

– Cyclist detection

(p. 205)

Collision warning

*

– limitations (p. 207)

The camera’s limitations (p. 209)

Collision warning – symbols and messages

(p. 212)

DRIVER SUPPORT

* Option/accessory.

211

212

DRIVER SUPPORT

Collision warning – symbols and messages

The table lists possible causes for collision warning-related messages being displayed, and suitable actions.

A text message can be erased by pressing briefly on the

OK

button on the turn signal lever.

Symbol Message

Collis'n warning

OFF

Description

Pedestrian and Cyclist Detection with Full Auto Brake is switched off. This message is displayed when the engine is started and will disappear after approx. 5 seconds. It can also be erased by pressing the

OK

button.

Collision Warning

Unavailable

Auto braking was activated

Pedestrian and Cyclist Detection with Full Auto Brake cannot be activated. This message is displayed when the driver attempts to activate the function. It will disappear after approx. 5 seconds or can be erased by pressing the

Auto-braking has been active. This message can be erased by pressing the

OK

button.

OK

button.

Windscreen Sensors blocked

Radar blocked See manual

Collision warn.

Service required

The camera is temporarily not functioning. This message is displayed if the camera is obstructed by snow, ice, dirt, etc.,

on the windshield. Clean the area of the windshield in front of the camera, see The camera’s limitations (p. 209) for

more information on the camera’s limitations.

Pedestrian and Cyclist Detection with Full Auto Brake is temporarily not functioning. The radar sensor is blocked, for example by heavy rain or snow that has accumulated in front of the sensor, and cannot detect other vehicles, see

Adaptive Cruise Control – limitations (p. 185) for more information on the radar sensor’s limitations.

Pedestrian and Cyclist Detection with Full Auto Brake is partially or completely not functioning.

Contact a trained and qualified Volvo service technician if the message remains in the display.

Related information

Collision warning – introduction (p. 201)

Collision warning

*

– function (p. 203)

Collision warning

*

– operation (p. 204)

Collision warning

*

– Pedestrian detection

(p. 206)

Collision warning

*

– Cyclist detection

(p. 205)

Collision warning

*

– limitations (p. 207)

Collision warning – troubleshooting (p. 210)

DRIVER SUPPORT

* Option/accessory.

213

DRIVER SUPPORT

Driver Alert System

The Driver Alert System is designed to help a driver who may be becoming fatigued or who is inadvertently leaving the lane.

or

Introduction

The Driver Alert System consists of two different functions that can be switched on together or separately.

Driver Alert Control (DAC)

, see Driver Alert

Control (DAC) – introduction (p. 214)

Lane Departure Warning (LDW)

9

, see Lane

Departure Warning (LDW) – introduction

(p. 220)

Lane Keeping Aid (LKA) 10

, see Lane Keeping Aid (LKA) – introduction (p. 225)

When one or both of the functions has been switched on, it is in standby mode and is activated when the vehicle exceeds a speed of

40 mph (65 km/h).

The function deactivates if the vehicle's speed goes under 37 mph (60 km/h).

Both functions use a camera that is dependent on the road/lane being clearly marked by painted lines on each side.

WARNING

The Driver Alert System does not function in all situations and is designed to be a supplementary aid. It is not, however, intended to replace the driver’s attention and judgement.

Driver Alert Control (DAC) – introduction

DAC is intended to alert the driver if his/her driving becomes erratic, such as if the driver is distracted or fatigued.

DAC is designed to help detect a slowly changing driving pattern. It is primarily intended to be used on main roads and is not meant for use in city traffic.

A camera monitors the painted lines marking the lane in which the vehicle is traveling and compares the direction of the road with the driver’s movements of the steering wheel. The driver is alerted if the vehicle does not follow the lane smoothly.

214

9 Models with 5- or 6-cylinder engines only.

10 Models with 4-cylinder engines only.

NOTE

The camera has certain limitations, see

Adaptive Cruise Control – limitations (p. 185).

WARNING

DAC is not intended to extend the duration of driving. Always plan breaks at regular intervals to help remain alert.

A warning from DAC should not be ignored. A driver may not be aware of how fatigued he/she has become.

In certain cases, fatigue may not affect the driver’s behavior. In situations of this type, no warning will be provided. Therefore, it is important to take breaks at regular intervals, regardless of whether or not DAC has given a warning.

Related information

Driver Alert Control (DAC) – function

(p. 216)

Driver Alert Control (DAC) – operation

(p. 215)

Driver Alert Control (DAC) – limitations

(p. 216)

Driver Alert Control (DAC) – symbols and messages (p. 218)

Driver Alert System (p. 214)

Lane Departure Warning (LDW) – introduction (p. 220)

Lane Keeping Aid (LKA) – introduction

(p. 225)

DRIVER SUPPORT

Driver Alert Control (DAC) – operation

Operating DAC

Settings are made using menu system and the

display in the center console. See My Car – introduction (p. 71) for more information on the menu

system.

On/Off

To put Driver Alert in standby mode:

In the

MY CAR

menu, scroll to

Car settings

Driver support systems Driver Alert and check the box. If the box is not checked, the function is off.

Related information

Driver Alert Control (DAC) – introduction

(p. 214)

Driver Alert Control (DAC) – function

(p. 216)

Driver Alert Control (DAC) – limitations

(p. 216)

Driver Alert Control (DAC) – symbols and messages (p. 218)

Driver Alert Control (DAC) – introduction

(p. 214)

Lane Departure Warning (LDW) – introduction (p. 220)

Lane Keeping Aid (LKA) – introduction

(p. 225)

215

216

DRIVER SUPPORT

Driver Alert Control (DAC) – function

Function

Driver Alert is activated when the vehicle exceeds a speed of 40 mph (65 km/h) and will remain active as long as the speed is over approx.

37 mph (60 km/h).

If the vehicle is being driven erratically, the driver will be alerted by an audible signal and the message

Driver Alert

Time for a break

is displayed. The warning will be repeated after a short time if the driving pattern remains the same.

Press the

OK

button to erase a message.

WARNING

An alert should be taken seriously since it is sometimes difficult for a driver to realize that he/she is fatigued.

In the event of a warning or if the driver feels fatigued, stop as soon as possible in a safe place and rest.

Related information

Driver Alert Control (DAC) – introduction

(p. 214)

Driver Alert Control (DAC) – operation

(p. 215)

Driver Alert Control (DAC) – limitations

(p. 216)

Driver Alert Control (DAC) – symbols and messages (p. 218)

Driver Alert System (p. 214)

Lane Departure Warning (LDW) – introduction (p. 220)

Lane Keeping Aid (LKA) – introduction

(p. 225)

Driver Alert Control (DAC) – limitations

or

Limitations

In certain situations, DAC may provide warnings even if the driver’s driving pattern has not become erratic: in strong crosswinds on grooved road surfaces.

if the driver is testing the LDW function, see

Lane Departure Warning (LDW) – introduction (p. 220)

if the driver is testing the LKA function, see

Lane Keeping Aid (LKA) – introduction

(p. 225)

Related information

Driver Alert Control (DAC) – introduction

(p. 214)

Driver Alert Control (DAC) – function

(p. 216)

Driver Alert Control (DAC) – operation

(p. 215)

Driver Alert Control (DAC) – symbols and messages (p. 218)

Driver Alert System (p. 214)

Lane Departure Warning (LDW) – introduction (p. 220)

Lane Keeping Aid (LKA) – introduction

(p. 225)

DRIVER SUPPORT

217

218

DRIVER SUPPORT

Driver Alert Control (DAC) – symbols and messages

Depending on the situation, DAC may display certain symbols and text messages in the instrument panel or center console screen.

Symbols and messages

Instrument panel

Symbol Message

Driver Alert Time for a break

Description

The vehicle has been driven erratically. The driver receives an audible signal and a text message.

Windscreen Sensors blocked

Driver Alert Sys Service required

The camera is temporarily not functioning, due to snow, ice, or dirt on the windshield. Clean the area of the wind-

shield in front of the camera. See The camera’s limitations (p. 209) for information on the camera’s limitations.

The system is not functioning. Contact a trained and qualified Volvo service technician if the message remains in the display.

DRIVER SUPPORT

Center console display

Symbol Message

-

-

-

-

Driver Alert OFF

Driver Alert Available

Driver Alert Standby <65 km/h

Driver Alert Unavailable

Description

The function is not switched on.

The function is active.

The function has gone into standby mode because the vehicle's speed is below 40 mph (65 km/h).

Related information

Driver Alert Control (DAC) – introduction

(p. 214)

Driver Alert Control (DAC) – function

(p. 216)

Driver Alert Control (DAC) – operation

(p. 215)

Driver Alert Control (DAC) – limitations

(p. 216)

Driver Alert System (p. 214)

Lane Departure Warning (LDW) – introduction (p. 220)

Lane Keeping Aid (LKA) – introduction

(p. 225)

The camera is temporarily not functioning, due to snow, ice, or dirt on the windshield. Clean the area of the

windshield in front of the camera. See The camera’s limitations (p. 209) for information on the camera’s limita-

tions.

219

DRIVER SUPPORT

Lane Departure Warning (LDW) – introduction

The LDW function is designed to help reduce the risk of accidents in situations where the vehicle unintentionally leaves its lane and there is a risk of driving off the road or into the opposite lane.

Lane Departure Warning (LDW)

11

Your vehicle may be equipped with Lane

Departure Warning (LDW) or Lane Keeping

Aid (LKA), depending on your choice of engine.

If you are uncertain as to which of these optional systems is in your vehicle:

Press the

MY CAR

button on the center console to open the menu system. Scroll to

Settings Driver support system

. The system in your vehicle (

Lane Departure

Warning

or

Lane Keeping Aid

) will be displayed there.

If your vehicle is equipped with Lane Keeping Aid

(LKA), see Lane Keeping Aid (LKA) – introduction (p. 225) for detailed information.

The illustration is generic

LDW uses the camera located at the center, upper edge of the windshield to monitor the road's/lane’s side marker lines. If the vehicle crosses a side marker line or the road’s center dividing line, the driver will be alerted by an audible signal.

WARNING

Lane Keeping Aid is only intended to assist the driver and does not function in all driving, weather, traffic or road conditions.

As the driver, you have full responsibility for operating the vehicle in a safe manner.

Related information

Driver Alert System (p. 214)

Lane Departure Warning (LDW) – symbols and messages (p. 223)

Lane Departure Warning (LDW) – operation

(p. 221)

Lane Departure Warning (LDW) - limitations

(p. 222)

220

11 Models with 5- or 6-cylinder engines only.

Lane Departure Warning (LDW) – operation

Operation and function

LDW can be switched on or off by pressing the button on the center console. A light in the button illuminates when the function is on. This is supplemented by graphic displays in the instrument panel, for example:

DRIVER SUPPORT or

LDW displayed in the instrument panel

The LDW symbol has white

side marker lines: – the function is active and "sees" one or both of the road's side marker lines.

The LDW symbol has gray

side marker lines:

– the function is active but cannot "see" one or both of the road's side marker lines.

The LDW symbol has gray

side marker lines:

– the function is in standby mode because the vehicle's speed is below 40 mph

(65 km/h).

The LDW symbol has no

side marker lines: – the function is deactivated.

WARNING

The driver will only be warned once for each time the wheels cross a marker line. No alarm will be given if a marker line is between the wheels.

Settings

Settings for Lane Departure Warning can be made in the menu system by pressing

My Car

.

Go to

Settings support systems

Car settings Driver

Lane Departure Warning

.

There are two alternatives:

On at start-up

: This selection switches

LDW on each time the engine is started.

Otherwise, the system will be in the mode that it was in when the engine was switched off.

Increased sensitivity

: This selection increases the function’s sensitivity. Warnings will be given at an earlier stage and fewer limitations apply. When this setting is being used, the system only needs to monitor lane marker lines on one side of the vehicle to change status to

Lane Depart Warn Available

.

Related information

Driver Alert System (p. 214)

Lane Departure Warning (LDW) – symbols and messages (p. 223)

}}

221

DRIVER SUPPORT

Lane Departure Warning (LDW) – introduction (p. 220)

Lane Departure Warning (LDW) - limitations

(p. 222)

Lane Departure Warning (LDW) limitations

Limitations

The camera used by LDW has the same limita-

tions as the human eye. See The camera’s limitations (p. 209) for more information about the

camera's limitations.

NOTE

No warning signal

will be given in the certain situations, such as:

If the turn signal is being used

The driver’s foot is on the brake pedal

12

The accelerator pedal is pressed quickly

12

If the steering wheel is moved quickly

12

In sharp turns that cause the vehicle’s body to sway

Related information

Driver Alert System (p. 214)

Lane Departure Warning (LDW) – symbols and messages (p. 223)

Lane Departure Warning (LDW) – operation

(p. 221)

Lane Departure Warning (LDW) – introduction (p. 220)

222

12 When

Increased sensitivity

has been selected, a warning will be issued if a side marker line is crossed in this situation.

DRIVER SUPPORT

Lane Departure Warning (LDW) – symbols and messages

Symbols and messages

A text message can be erased by pressing briefly on the

OK

button on the turn signal lever.

-

-

-

Symbol Message

Lane departure warning ON

/

Lane departure warning OFF

Description

The function is switched on or off. The text disappears after 5 seconds.

Lane Depart Warn Available

Lane Depart. Warning Unavailable at this speed

Lane Depart Warn Unavailable

The function is monitoring the road’s marker lines.

The function has gone into standby mode because the vehicle's speed is below 40 mph (65 km/h).

Windscreen Sensors blocked

Driver Alert Sys Service required

The road lacks clear marker lines or the camera is not functioning properly. See The camera’s limitations

(p. 209) for information on the camera’s limitations.

The camera is temporarily not functioning, due to snow, ice, or dirt on the windshield. Clean the area of the

windshield in front of the camera. See The camera’s limitations (p. 209) for information on the camera’s

limitations.

The system is not functioning. Contact a trained and qualified Volvo service technician if the message remains in the display.

}}

223

DRIVER SUPPORT

||

Related information

Lane Departure Warning (LDW) – operation

(p. 221)

Driver Alert System (p. 214)

Lane Departure Warning (LDW) – introduction (p. 220)

Lane Departure Warning (LDW) - limitations

(p. 222)

224

Lane Keeping Aid (LKA) – introduction

The LKA function is designed to help reduce the risk of accidents in situations where the vehicle unintentionally leaves its lane and there is a risk of driving off the road or into the opposite lane.

LDW or LKA

Your vehicle may be equipped with Lane

Departure Warning (LDW) or Lane Keeping

Aid (LKA), depending on your choice of engine.

If you are uncertain as to which of these optional systems is in your vehicle:

Press the

MY CAR

button on the center console to open the menu system. Scroll to

Settings Driver support system

. The system in your vehicle (

Lane Departure

Warning

or

Lane Keeping Aid

) will be displayed there.

If your vehicle is equipped with Lane Departure

Warning (LDW), see Lane Departure Warning

(LDW) – introduction (p. 220) for detailed infor-

mation.

LKA function

The LKA function is primarily intended for use on highways or other major roads with clearly marked side marker and center lines.

The illustration is generic

LKA uses the camera located at the center, upper edge of the windshield to monitor the road's/lane’s side marker lines.

If the vehicle crosses a side marker line or the road’s center dividing line, LKA will provide active steering assistance to help steer it back into the lane.

The driver will also be alerted by vibrations in the steering wheel.

WARNING

Lane Keeping Aid is only intended to assist the driver and does not function in all driving, weather, traffic or road conditions.

As the driver, you have full responsibility for operating the vehicle in a safe manner.

DRIVER SUPPORT

Related information

Driver Alert System (p. 214)

Lane Keeping Aid (LKA) – operation

(p. 226)

Lane Keeping Aid (LKA) – limitations

(p. 228)

Lane Keeping Aid (LKA) – symbols and messages (p. 229)

The camera’s limitations (p. 209)

225

DRIVER SUPPORT

Lane Keeping Aid (LKA) – operation

LKA is active at speeds above 40 mph (65 km/h) on highways or other major roads with clearly marked side/lane marker and center lines. On narrow roads where the distance between side/ lane marker lines is less than approximately

8.5 feet ( 2.6 meters), LKA will be temporarily deactivated.

LKA intervening on the right side (the red line)

When LKA is working actively, this is indicated by:

Red

side marker line: the line being crossed.

On/Off

Depending on the number of optional features installed in the vehicle, there may not be space for the On/Off button on the center console. If this is the case, LKA can be switched on or off in the

MY CAR

menu system.

The following LKA-related settings can also be made in

MY CAR

, under

Settings Lane

Keeping Aid settings Assistance mode

:

Vibration only

: Warning by vibrations in the steering wheel

On

or

Off

.

Steering assist only

: Active steering

On

or

Off

.

Full function

: Both vibrations and active steering

On

or

Off

.

226

LKA monitors and follows the marker lines (the red lines in the illustration)

White

side marker lines: the function is active and "sees" one or both of the road's side marker lines.

Gray

side marker lines: the function is active but cannot "see" one or both of the road's side marker lines.

LKA can be switched on or off by pressing the button on the center console. A light in the button illuminates when the function is on.

Dynamic cornering

DRIVER SUPPORT

Steering assist

LKA attempts to keep the vehicle within the lane's side marker lines.

Vibration warnings

LKA provides steering assistance

If the vehicle approaches one of the lane's side marker lines and the turn signals are not being used

, LKA will attempt to steer the vehicle back into the lane.

LKA provides vibrations in the steering wheel and steering assistance

13

.

If the vehicle crosses a marker line, LKA provides a warning in the form of vibrations in the steering wheel. This occurs even if the steering assist function has been deactivated.

LKA does not intervene in sharp left curves

In certain cases, LKA allows the vehicle to cross marker lines without providing a vibration warning or steering assistance, for example, during dynamic cornering as shown in the illustration where the driver's view of the road and traffic conditions make this possible.

Related information

Driver Alert System (p. 214)

Lane Keeping Aid (LKA) – introduction

(p. 225)

Lane Keeping Aid (LKA) – limitations

(p. 228)

Lane Keeping Aid (LKA) – symbols and messages (p. 229)

13 The illustration shows 3 vibration warnings when the vehicle crosses the marker line

227

228

DRIVER SUPPORT

Lane Keeping Aid (LKA) – limitations

The camera used by LKA has the same limita-

tions as the human eye. See The camera’s limitations (p. 209) for more information about the

camera's limitations.

NOTE

In certain cases, it may be difficult for LKA to assist the driver correctly. In the following conditions, it may be preferable to turn LKA off:

Road construction areas

Winter road conditions

Poor road surfaces

A very sporty driving style

Bad weather conditions with poor visibility

WARNING

Hands on the steering wheel

: In order for

LKA to function correctly, the driver's hands have to be on the steering wheel, which LKA monitors steadily. If this is not the case, the driver will be alerted by a text message to actively steer the vehicle.

If this is not done, LKA will go into standby mode and will remain disengaged until the driver begins to actively steer the vehicle again.

Related information

Driver Alert System (p. 214)

Lane Keeping Aid (LKA) – introduction

(p. 225)

Lane Keeping Aid (LKA) – operation (p. 226)

Lane Keeping Aid (LKA) – symbols and messages (p. 229)

DRIVER SUPPORT

Lane Keeping Aid (LKA) – symbols and messages

A text message can be erased by pressing briefly on the

OK

button on the turn signal lever.

Symbol

-

-

-

Message

Lane Keeping Aid Unavailable at this speed

Lane Keeping Aid Unavailable for current markings

Lane Keeping Aid Available

Windscreen sensors blocked

See manual

Lane Keeping Aid Service required

Description

The function has gone into standby mode because the vehicle's speed is below 40 mph (65 km/h).

The road lacks clear marker lines or the camera is not functioning properly. See The camera’s limitations

(p. 209) for information on the camera’s limitations.

The function is monitoring the road’s marker lines.

The camera is temporarily not functioning, due to snow, ice, or dirt on the windshield. Clean the area of the

windshield in front of the camera. See The camera’s limitations (p. 209) for information on the camera’s

limitations.

The system is not functioning. Contact a trained and qualified Volvo service technician if the message remains in the display.

Lane Keeping Aid Interrupted

Related information

Driver Alert System (p. 214)

Lane Keeping Aid (LKA) – introduction

(p. 225)

Lane Keeping Aid (LKA) – operation (p. 226)

The function has gone into standby mode. The lines in the LKA symbol in the instrument panel will indicate when the function is active again.

Lane Keeping Aid (LKA) – limitations

(p. 228)

229

230

DRIVER SUPPORT

Park assist – introduction

The park assist system is designed to assist you when driving into parking spaces, garages, etc.

An audible signal and symbols in the audio system’s display indicate the distance to the object.

The park assist system utilizes ultrasound sensors in the front bumper and rear bumper(s) to measure the distance to a vehicle or an object that may be close to the front or rear of your vehicle.

NOTE

A trailer hitch whose wiring is integrated with the vehicle's electrical system will be taken into account when measuring the available space behind the vehicle.

WARNING

Park Assist is an information system,

NOT a safety system. This system is designed to be a supplementary aid when parking the vehicle. It is not, however, intended to replace the driver's attention and judgement.

The Park Assist sensors have angles in which they cannot detect possible obstructions.

Be particularly alert if there are people or animals near the vehicle.

Related information

Park assist – limitations (p. 233)

Park assist – function (p. 230)

Park assist – operation (p. 232)

Park assist – troubleshooting (p. 238)

Rear Park Assist Camera (PAC) – function

(p. 239)

Park assist – function

Signals from the park assist system

View in the display (warning for objects front left/right rear)

Visual indicator

The audio system’s display gives an overview of the vehicle’s position in relation to a detected object.

The marked sectors in the display indicate that one or more of the sensors has detected an object. The closer the car symbol comes to a sector, the closer the vehicle is to the object.

If the infotainment system is switched off, the park assist system will not be able to provide a visual indicator. An audible signal will still be provided.

Audible signal

The Park Assist system uses an intermittent tone that pulses faster as you come close to an object, and becomes constant when you are within approximately 1 ft (30 cm) of an object in front of or behind the vehicle. If there are objects within this distance both behind and in front of the vehicle, the tone alternates between front and rear speakers.

NOTE

The level of the audible signal can be lowered/raised with the infotainment volume control. The level can also be set in the MY

CAR menu system. See My Car – introduction

(p. 71) for a description of the menu system.

If the volume of another source from the audio system is high, this will be automatically lowered.

Rear park assist

The distance monitored behind the vehicle is approximately 5 ft (1.5 m). The audible signal comes from the rear speakers.

The system must be deactivated when towing a trailer, carrying bicycles in a rear-mounted carrier, etc, which could trigger the rear park assist system's sensors.

DRIVER SUPPORT

NOTE

Rear park assist is deactivated automatically when towing a trailer if Volvo genuine trailer wiring is used. If a non-Volvo trailer hitch is being used, it may be necessary to switch off the system manually,

see Park assist – operation (p. 232).

The system will not detect high objects, such as a loading dock, etc.

Objects such as chains, thin shiny poles or low objects may temporarily not be detected by the system. This may result in the pulsing tone unexpectedly stopping instead of changing to a constant tone as the vehicle approaches the object. In such cases, use caution when backing up or stop the vehicle to help avoid damage.

}}

231

DRIVER SUPPORT

||

Front park assist

Rear Park Assist Camera (PAC) – function

(p. 239)

Park assist – operation

Function

232

The distance monitored in front of the vehicle is approximately 2.5 ft (0.8 m). The audible signal comes from the audio system's front speakers.

It may not be possible to combine auxiliary headlights and front park assist since these lights could trigger the system's sensors.

NOTE

Front park assist is deactivated when the parking brake is applied and or when the gear selector is in the

P

position.

Related information

Park assist – introduction (p. 230)

Park assist – limitations (p. 233)

Park assist – operation (p. 232)

Park assist – troubleshooting (p. 238)

Park assist and CTA

*

button

The system is activated automatically when the vehicle is started. The indicator light in the button in the center console illuminates when the system is on.

The front park assist system is active from the time the engine is started until the vehicle exceeds a speed of approximately 6 mph

(10 km/h). It is also active when the vehicle is backing up.

Rear park assist is active when the engine is running and reverse gear has been selected.

* Option/accessory.

Activating/deactivating

The system is activated automatically when the vehicle is started.

Press the Park assist button on the center console to temporarily deactivate the system(s).

> The indicator light in the button will go out when the system has been deactivated.

Park assist will be automatically reactivated the next time the engine is started, or if the button is pressed (the indicator light in the button will illuminate).

NOTE

Park assist is disengaged automatically when the parking brake is applied.

Related information

Park assist – introduction (p. 230)

Park assist – limitations (p. 233)

Park assist – function (p. 230)

Park assist – troubleshooting (p. 238)

Rear Park Assist Camera (PAC) – function

(p. 239)

Park assist – limitations

Cleaning the sensors

The sensors must be cleaned regularly to ensure that they work properly. Clean them with water and a suitable car washing detergent.

Location of the front sensors

DRIVER SUPPORT

Ice and snow covering the sensors may cause incorrect warning signals.

NOTE

If the sensors are obstructed by e.g., dirt, snow, or ice, this could result in false warning signals from the park assist system or the system may not function at all.

Related information

Park assist – introduction (p. 230)

Park assist – function (p. 230)

Park assist – operation (p. 232)

Park assist – troubleshooting (p. 238)

Rear Park Assist Camera (PAC) – function

(p. 239)

Location of the rear sensors

233

234

DRIVER SUPPORT

Park Assist Pilot (PAP)

*

– introduction

The Park Assist Pilot provides assistance when parallel parking by measuring the parking space and turning the steering wheel.

Introduction

The off/on button shown is located on the center console

Park Assist Pilot (PAP) is a semi-automatic system that provides assistance when parallel parking by:

Finding a parking space and determining if it is big enough for the vehicle

Helping to steer the vehicle into the parking space

Information about the actions required of the driver is provided in the instrument panel in the form of symbols, images and text.

NOTE

If a trailer hitch is configured in the vehicle's electrical system, PAP will take the trailer hitch into consideration when determining the necessary size of a parking space.

WARNING

PAP does not function in all situations and is only intended to assist the driver when parallel parking.

As the driver, you have full responsibility for parking the vehicle in a safe manner.

Related information

Park Assist Pilot (PAP)

*

– function (p. 234)

Park Assist Pilot (PAP)

*

– operation (p. 235)

Park Assist Pilot (PAP)

*

– limitations

(p. 237)

Park Assist Pilot (PAP)

*

– symbols and messages (p. 238)

Park assist – introduction (p. 230)

Rear Park Assist Camera (PAC) – introduction (p. 239)

Park Assist Pilot (PAP)

*

– function

PAP's function is to measure the parking space and to turn the steering wheel during the parallel parking procedure. The driver is responsible for following the instructions shown in the instrument panel and for: shifting between

R

(Reverse) and

D

(Drive) when required, regulating the vehicle's speed, applying the brakes and stopping the vehicle.

PAP can be activated in the following conditions:

When the stability or ABS systems are not working actively

The vehicle is not towing a trailer

The vehicle's speed is below 30 mph

(50 km/h)

How PAP works

PAP helps park the vehicle by:

* Option/accessory.

1. Searching for and measuring a parking space. While this is taking place, the vehicle's speed must be below 20 mph (30 km/h).

See also steps

A

and

B

in the illustration in the section "1: Searching and measuring" in

Park Assist Pilot (PAP)

*

– operation

(p. 235).

2. Steering the vehicle as it backs into the parking space. See also steps

C

and

D

in the illustration in the section "2: Backing into the

parking space" in Park Assist Pilot (PAP)

*

– operation (p. 235).

3. Adjusting the vehicle's position in the parking space by moving forward and rearward. See also steps

E

and

F

in the illustration in the section "3: Adjusting the vehicle's position"

in Park Assist Pilot (PAP)

*

– operation

(p. 235).

Related information

Park Assist Pilot (PAP)

*

– introduction

(p. 234)

Park Assist Pilot (PAP)

*

– limitations

(p. 237)

Park Assist Pilot (PAP)

*

– symbols and messages (p. 238)

Park assist – introduction (p. 230)

Rear Park Assist Camera (PAC) – introduction (p. 239)

Park Assist Pilot (PAP)

1: Searching and measuring

*

– operation

PAP searches for a potential parking space and measures it to see if there is sufficient space for your vehicle. To start this procedure:

1. Activate PAP by pressing this button on the center console and if necessary slowing down to a speed below 20 mph

(30 km/h).

2. Keep an eye on the instrument panel and be prepared to stop the vehicle when you are instructed by PAP to do so.

DRIVER SUPPORT

NOTE

PAP normally searches for available parking spaces along the curb on the right (passenger's) side of the vehicle. However, it can also assist in finding and parking in spaces on the driver's side. To do so:

Activate the left turn signal. PAP will then search for a parking space on the left side of the vehicle.

}}

* Option/accessory.

235

DRIVER SUPPORT

||

2: Backing into the parking space

When the vehicle is backing up, PAP will steer it into the parking space.

1. Check that the area behind the vehicle is clear and put the gear selector in

R

.

2. Back up slowly without moving the steering wheel. The vehicle's speed must be below approximately 4 mph 7 km/h.

3. Keep an eye on the instrument panel and be prepared to stop the vehicle when you are instructed by PAP to do so.

NOTE

Release the wheel while PAP is steering the vehicle.

The steering wheel must be able to turn freely.

For PAP to function optimally, wait until the steering wheel is no longer turning before beginning the next phase of the parking procedure.

3: Adjusting the vehicle's position

After the vehicle has backed into the parking space, its position in the space has to be adjusted by driving slightly forward and backing up.

1. Put the gear selector in

D

, wait until the steering wheel has turned and drive forward slowly.

2. Stop the vehicle when you are instructed by

PAP to do so.

3. Put the gear selector in

R

, back up slowly and stop when you are instructed by PAP to do so.

When the parking procedure is finished (this will be indicated by a text message and a graphic image in the instrument panel) , PAP switches off automatically. If necessary, the driver may need to make minor adjustments to ensure that the vehicle is parked correctly.

Related information

Park Assist Pilot (PAP)

*

– introduction

(p. 234)

Park Assist Pilot (PAP)

*

– function (p. 234)

Park Assist Pilot (PAP)

*

– limitations

(p. 237)

Park Assist Pilot (PAP)

*

– symbols and messages (p. 238)

Park assist – introduction (p. 230)

Rear Park Assist Camera (PAC) – introduction (p. 239)

236 * Option/accessory.

Park Assist Pilot (PAP)

*

– limitations

The PAP parking procedure will be cancelled if.

The vehicle's speed goes above approximately 4 mph 7 km/h

The driver moves the steering wheel

If the stability or ABS systems are activated

(e.g., if a wheel starts to spin because of a slippery road surface

If the system has been switched off, this will be indicated by a text message in the instrument panel.

NOTE

PAP will not function correctly if its sensors are obstructed by dirt, snow, etc.

In certain situations, PAP may not be able to measure a parking space. This could be due to external sources of sound (e.g., a vehicle's horn, tires on wet asphalt, pneumatic brakes, noise from a motorcycle's exhaust, etc.) emitting ultrasound using approximately the same frequencies as PAP.

Information to keep in mind

PAP is only intended to provide parallel parking assistance but may not be able to function fully in all situations.

DRIVER SUPPORT

PAP's function is based on the way that the vehicles are parked behind and in front of your parking space. If they are, for example, parked too close to the curb, there is a risk that your vehicle's tires or wheel rims could be damaged by the curb during the parking procedure.

PAP is intended to provide parking assistance on straight streets, not sections of street with curved or irregular curbs. Be sure that your vehicle is parallel to the curb when

PAP measures the parking space.

PAP may not be able to provide parking assistance on narrow streets due to lack of space to maneuver the vehicle. In situations like this, it may help to drive as close to the side of the road as possible where the parking space is located.

Use only approved tires with the correct inflation pressure because this affects PAP's capacity to provide parking assistance.

Changing to a different approved tire size may affect PAP's parameters. Consult a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.

Heavy rain or snow may inhibit PAP's capacity to correctly measure a parking space.

Do not use PAP if snow chains or a temporary spare tire is being used.

Do not use PAP if there are any objects protruding from the vehicle.

WARNING

The front end of your vehicle may turn out toward oncoming traffic during the parking procedure.

Objects located above the parking sensors' field of vision are not included when

PAP measures a parking space. For this reason, PAP may turn into the parking space too soon. Avoid parking spaces of this type.

The driver is always responsible for determining if PAP has selected a suitable parking space.

Maintenance

Generic illustration. The PAP sensors are located in the front and rear bumpers

}}

* Option/accessory.

237

DRIVER SUPPORT

||

PAP uses the same sensors as the Park assist

system, see Park assist – limitations (p. 233)).

The sensors must be cleaned regularly to ensure that they work properly. Clean them with water and a suitable car washing detergent.

Related information

Park Assist Pilot (PAP)

*

– introduction

(p. 234)

Park Assist Pilot (PAP)

*

– function (p. 234)

Park Assist Pilot (PAP)

*

– operation (p. 235)

Park Assist Pilot (PAP)

*

– symbols and messages (p. 238)

Park assist – introduction (p. 230)

Rear Park Assist Camera (PAC) – introduction (p. 239)

Park Assist Pilot (PAP)

*

– symbols and messages

Various PAP-related combinations of symbols, graphics and text messages are displayed in the instrument panel and sometimes also include suitable actions.

A text message can be erased by pressing briefly on the

OK

button on the turn signal lever.

Contact a Volvo retailer or a trained and qualified

Volvo service technician If a message indicating that PAP is not functioning properly is displayed.

Related information

Park Assist Pilot (PAP)

*

– introduction

(p. 234)

Park Assist Pilot (PAP)

*

– function (p. 234)

Park Assist Pilot (PAP)

*

– operation (p. 235)

Park Assist Pilot (PAP)

*

– limitations (p. 237)

Park assist – introduction (p. 230)

Rear Park Assist Camera (PAC) – introduction (p. 239)

Park assist – troubleshooting

Faults in the system

If the information symbol illuminates and

Park assist syst Service required

is shown on the information display, this indicates that the system is not functioning properly and has been disengaged. Consult a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.

CAUTION

In certain circumstances, the park assist system may give unexpected warning signals that can be caused by external sound sources that use the same ultrasound frequencies as the system. This may include such things as the horns of other vehicles, wet tires on asphalt, pneumatic brakes, motorcycle exhaust pipes, etc. This does not indicate a fault in the system.

Related information

Park assist – introduction (p. 230)

Park assist – limitations (p. 233)

Park assist – function (p. 230)

Park assist – operation (p. 232)

Rear Park Assist Camera (PAC) – function

(p. 239)

238 * Option/accessory.

Rear Park Assist Camera (PAC) – introduction

The Park Assist Camera is designed to provide the driver with a view of the area behind the vehicle when backing up.

Introduction

PAC uses the display in the center console to show the area behind the car while you are backing up.

PAC also shows guiding lines in the on-screen image to indicate the direction that the vehicle will take as it moves rearward, which helps simplify parallel parking, backing into a tight space or when attaching a trailer to the vehicle.

The images of vehicles in this section are generic and may not depict your specific model.

NOTE

A trailer hitch whose wiring is integrated with the vehicle's electrical system will be taken into account when measuring the available space behind the vehicle.

WARNING

PAC is designed to be a supplementary aid when parking the vehicle. It is not, however, intended to replace the driver’s attention and judgment.

The camera has blind spots where it cannot detect objects or people around or near the vehicle.

Pay particular attention to people or animals that are close to the vehicle.

Objects seen on the screen may be closer than they appear to be.

Related information

Rear Park Assist Camera (PAC) – operation

(p. 240)

Rear Park Assist Camera (PAC) – limitations

(p. 243)

DRIVER SUPPORT

Rear Park Assist Camera (PAC) – function

Function

The driver sees what is behind the vehicle and if a person or animal should suddenly appear from the side.

PAC is mounted on the rear of the trunk lid, near the opening handle.

The camera has built-in electronics that help reduce the “fish-eye” effect so that the image shown on the screen is as natural as possible.

This may cause some objects on the screen to

“lean,” which is normal.

}}

239

DRIVER SUPPORT

||

Ambient lighting conditions

The camera automatically monitors the ambient lighting conditions behind the vehicle and constantly adjusts sensitivity to light. This may cause the brightness and quality of the image on the screen to vary slightly. Sensitivity to light is increased in dark conditions or in bad weather, which may affect image quality.

If the image on the screen seems too dark, brightness can be increased with the thumb wheel on the lighting panel.

NOTE

In order to function properly, the camera lens should always be kept clean. This is particularly important in bad weather. Keep the lens free of dirt, ice or snow.

Related information

Rear Park Assist Camera (PAC) – introduction (p. 239)

Rear Park Assist Camera (PAC) – operation

(p. 240)

Rear Park Assist Camera (PAC) – limitations

(p. 243)

Rear Park Assist Camera (PAC) – operation

Activation

PAC is activated when the gear selector is moved to

R

if the system is selected in the

MY CAR menu system or by pressing the

CAM

button in

the center console. See My Car – introduction

(p. 71) for a description of the menu system.

If PAC is not activated when the gear selector is moved to

R

, press the

CAM

button on the center console.

PAC will automatically override the view currently on the screen and will display the camera's view behind the vehicle.

Trailer hitches

The camera can be useful when attaching a trailer. With the camera zoomed in on the trailer hitch, a guiding line showing the hitch's path toward the trailer will be projected.

The guiding lines for the wheels and for the trailer hitch cannot be displayed at the same time. To select a view:

1. Press

OK/MENU

when a camera view is displayed.

2. Turn

TUNE

to scroll to

Tow bar trajectory guide line

.

3. Confirm by pressing

OK/MENU

and press

EXIT

.

Zoom

When necessary, the camera view can be zoomed:

Press

CAM

or turn

TUNE

. Pressing or turning again returns you to normal view.

If there are additional alternatives, press/turn until the desired camera view is displayed.

Automatic zoom

Automatic zoom

is a feature that is available on models equipped with a trailer hitch and the

optional (p. 230)Park assist system. With this

alternative selected, the camera will zoom in on the trailer hitch automatically if the vehicle approaches an object/trailer.

See also the "Settings" section below.

240

Deactivation

Move the gear selector from

R

to another gear.

The camera remains active for approx. 5 seconds after the gear selector has been moved from

R

or until the vehicle's forward speed exceeds

6 mph/10 km/h (21 mph/35 km/h in reverse).

The screen will then revert to the view that was displayed before

R

was selected.

NOTE

If any button on the center console control panel is pressed, the camera image will disappear from the display. Pressing

CAM

will return the camera image to the display.

Settings

By default, PAC is set to activate when the gear selector is moved to

R

To change PAC settings when a camera view is displayed:

1. Press

OK/MENU

when a camera view is on the screen. A menu will be displayed.

2. Turn

TUNE

to scroll to the desired setting.

3. Press

OK/MENU

to make the setting and exit the menu by pressing

EXIT

.

Summary

Pressing

CAM

will activate the camera even if the gear selector is not in Reverse.

Toggle between normal view and zoom by pressing

CAM

or by turning

TUNE

.

Related information

Park assist – introduction (p. 230)

Park assist – function (p. 230)

Park assist – troubleshooting (p. 238)

Park assist – limitations (p. 233)

Rear Park Assist Camera (PAC) – introduction (p. 239)

DRIVER SUPPORT

Rear Park Assist Camera (PAC) – guiding and marker lines

Guiding lines

The lines on the screen are projected as if they were a path on the ground behind the vehicle and are directly affected by the way in which the steering wheel is turned. This enables the driver to see path the vehicle will take, even if he/she turns the steering wheel while backing up.

NOTE

When backing up with a trailer, the trajectory lines show the path that the vehicle

will take, not the trailer.

Trajectory lines will not be displayed while zooming in.

}}

241

DRIVER SUPPORT

||

WARNING

Keep in mind that the image on the screen only shows the area behind the vehicle. The driver must always watch for people, animals, other vehicles, etc., near the sides of the vehicle when turning while backing up.

Marker lines

10.5 ft (3.2 m) behind the bumper if there are no objects in the way.

Vehicles equipped with Park Assist

Related information

Rear Park Assist Camera (PAC) – operation

(p. 240)

Rear Park Assist Camera (PAC) – limitations

(p. 243)

242

The PAC system's lines

The unobstructed area behind the vehicle

"Wheel tracks"

The dashed line (1) indicates the clear zone of approximately 5 feet (1.5 m) behind the bumper.

These lines also indicate the outermost limits that any object (door mirrors, corners of the body, etc.) extends out from the vehicle, even when it turns.

The "wheel tracks" (2) show where the wheels will roll and can extend up to approximately

Colored markers (one for each sensor) indicate distance

If the vehicle is equipped with the optional Park

Assist system (see Park assist – introduction

(p. 230)), the distance to an object will be indi-

cated more exactly and colored markers in the display indicate which of the sensor(s) has detected the object.

Color

Pale yellow

Yellow

Orange

Red

Distance to object

2.3–5 ft (0.7–1.5 m )

1.6–2.3 ft (0.5–0.7 m)

1–1.6 ft (0.3–0.5 m)

0–1 ft (0–0.3 m)

DRIVER SUPPORT

Rear Park Assist Camera (PAC) – limitations

Limitations

Even if a fairly small section of the screen image appears to be obstructed, this may mean that a relatively large area behind the vehicle is hidden and objects there may not be detected until they are very near the vehicle.

NOTE

Bicycle carriers or other accessories mounted on the trunk may obstruct the camera's field of view.

Keep in mind

Keep the camera's lens free of dirt, ice and snow. Remove ice and snow carefully to avoid scratching the lens.

Clean the lens regularly with warm water and a suitable car washing detergent.

Related information

Rear Park Assist Camera (PAC) – introduction (p. 239)

Rear Park Assist Camera (PAC) – operation

(p. 240)

Park assist – introduction (p. 230)

BLIS

*

– introduction

The Blind Spot Information System (BLIS) is an information system that indicates the presence of another vehicle moving in the same direction as your vehicle on roads with several lanes.

Location of the BLIS indicator light

14

.

Indicator light

BLIS symbol

BLIS and CTA

15

are activated when the engine is started; this is confirmed when the indicator lights on the front door panels flash once.

NOTE

The door panel indicator light illuminates on the side of the vehicle where the system has detected another vehicle. If your vehicle is passed on both sides at the same time, both lights will illuminate.

The system helps provide information about:

Other vehicles in your door mirrors' "blind area"

Vehicles that are about to pass your vehicle in the left and/or right lanes

Cross Traffic Alert (CTA) is a supplementary BLIS function

intended to detect vehicles crossing behind your vehicle while you are backing up.

14

15

The illustration is generic; certain details may vary from model to model

Cross Traffic Alert

}}

* Option/accessory.

243

DRIVER SUPPORT

||

WARNING

BLIS and CTA are information systems,

NOT warning or safety systems and do not function in all situations.

BLIS and CTA do not eliminate the need for you to visually confirm the conditions around you, and the need for you to turn your head and shoulders to make sure that you can safely change lanes or back up.

As the driver, you have full responsibility for changing lanes/backing up in a safe manner.

Radar sensor type approval

USA

FCC ID: L2C0055TR

Canada

IC: 3432A-0055TR

This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC

Rules and with Industry Canada license-exempt

RSS standard(s). Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

The term “IC:” before the radio certification number only signifies that Industry Canada technical specifications were met.

WARNING

Changes or modifications not expressively approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user's authority to operate the equipment.

Related information

BLIS

*

– function (p. 244)

BLIS

*

– operation (p. 245)

BLIS

*

– Cross Traffic Alert (CTA) (p. 246)

BLIS

*

– limitations (p. 247)

BLIS

*

– messages (p. 248)

BLIS

*

– function

When does BLIS function

The system functions when your vehicle is moving at speeds above 6 mph (10 km/h).

Zone 1. Blind area, Zone 2. Area for passing vehicles

BLIS is designed to react to:

Other vehicles in your door mirrors' "blind area"

Vehicles that are passing your vehicle

When BLIS detects a vehicle in zone 1 or a passing vehicle in zone 2, the indicator light in the door panel will glow steadily. If the driver then uses the turn signal on the side on which the warning is given, the indicator light will flash and become brighter.

244 * Option/accessory.

WARNING

BLIS does not function in sharp curves.

BLIS does not function when your vehicle is backing up.

Related information

BLIS

*

– introduction (p. 243)

BLIS

*

– operation (p. 245)

BLIS

*

– Cross Traffic Alert (CTA) (p. 246)

BLIS

*

– limitations (p. 247)

BLIS

*

– messages (p. 248)

BLIS

*

– operation

Activating/deactivating BLIS

Button for activating/deactivating BLIS

BLIS and CTA

16

are activated when the engine is started; this is confirmed when the indicator lights on the front door panels flash once.

BLIS can be deactivated/reactivated by pressing the button on the center console.

The number or combinations of options on the vehicle may not leave a space available on the center console for the BLIS button. If this is the case, BLIS can be deactivated/reactivated in the

MY CAR

menu system, see My Car – introduction

(p. 71)

DRIVER SUPPORT

Select

Off

or

On

in

Settings settings BLIS

.

Car

When BLIS is deactivated/reactivated, the indicator lights will go out/illuminate (the indicators will also flash once when the function is reactivated) and a message will appear in the instrument panel.

or

To erase the message:

Press the

OK

button on the left steering wheel lever

Wait for approx. 5 seconds for the message to disappear

Related information

BLIS

*

– introduction (p. 243)

BLIS

*

– function (p. 244)

BLIS

*

– Cross Traffic Alert (CTA) (p. 246)

BLIS

*

– limitations (p. 247)

BLIS

*

– messages (p. 248)

16 Cross Traffic Alert

* Option/accessory.

245

246

DRIVER SUPPORT

BLIS

*

– Cross Traffic Alert (CTA)

Cross Traffic Alert (CTA) is a supplementary

BLIS

17

function intended to detect vehicles crossing behind your vehicle while you are backing up.

WARNING

BLIS and CTA are information systems,

NOT warning or safety systems and do not function in all situations.

BLIS and CTA do not eliminate the need for you to visually confirm the conditions around you, and the need for you to turn your head and shoulders to make sure that you can safely change lanes or back up.

As the driver, you have full responsibility for changing lanes/backing up in a safe manner.

When does CTA function

Park assist/CTA button

On vehicles equipped with the optional Park assist system (p. 230), Cross Traffic Alert (CTA)

can be deactivated/reactivated by pressing the

Park assist button on the center console. The

BLIS indicator lights on the front doors will flash when CTA is reactivated by pressing the button.

How CTA works

CTA supplements BLIS by warning the driver of crossing traffic behind your vehicle, for example, when backing out of a parking space.

It is primarily designed to detect another vehicle but in certain cases may also detect pedestrians or smaller objects such as bicycles.

CTA is only activated when the vehicle is backing up and is activated automatically when the gear selector is put in reverse.

An audible signal indicates that CTA has detected something that is approaching from the side. The signal will come from either the left or right audio system speakers, depending on which the side of your vehicle the approaching vehicle/object has been detected.

CTA also provides a warning by illuminating the BLIS indicator lights.

An icon will also illuminate in the Park assist graphic on the center console display.

Limitations

CTA has limitations in certain situations, for example, the CTA sensors cannot "see" through other parked vehicles or obstructions.

The following are several examples where CTA's

"field of vision" may initially be limited and approaching vehicles cannot be detected until they are too close:

17 Blind Spot Information System

* Option/accessory.

The vehicle is pulled far into a parking space

CTA's blind area

CTA's "field of vision"

DRIVER SUPPORT

Examples of other limitations include:

Dirt, ice or snow obstructing the sensors may reduce the system's function or make it impossible to detect other vehicles or objects.

Do not attach tape, decals, etc., on the surface of the sensors (see the illustration in the following "Maintenance" section).

BLIS and CTA are deactivated if a trailer's wiring is connected to the vehicle's electrical system.

Related information

BLIS

*

– introduction (p. 243)

BLIS

*

– function (p. 244)

BLIS

*

– operation (p. 245)

BLIS

*

– limitations (p. 247)

BLIS

*

– messages (p. 248)

BLIS

*

– limitations

Maintenance

Keep the highlighted surface clean (on both sides of the vehicle)

In angled parking spaces, CTA may be "blind" on one side

However, as you back your vehicle out of a parking space, CTA's "field of vision" expands.

}}

* Option/accessory.

247

DRIVER SUPPORT

||

The BLIS/CTA

18

sensors are located on the inside of the rear fenders/bumper.

The surfaces in front of the sensors must be kept clean for the system to function optimally.

CAUTION

Repairs to the BLIS/CTA systems and/or repainting the rear bumper should only be done by a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.

Related information

BLIS

*

– introduction (p. 243)

BLIS

*

– function (p. 244)

BLIS

*

– operation (p. 245)

BLIS

*

– Cross Traffic Alert (CTA) (p. 246)

BLIS

*

– messages (p. 248)

BLIS

*

– messages

If BLIS/CTA

19

are not functioning normally, a symbol will illuminate in the instrument panel and a text message will be displayed. Follow any instructions that may be provided.

These messages include:

Message

CTA OFF

BLIS and

CTA OFF

Trailer attached

BLIS and

CTA Service required

System status

CTA has been switched off manually. BLIS remains active.

BLIS and CTA are temporarily deactivated because a trailer's wiring has been connected to the vehicle's electrical system.

BLIS and CTA are not functioning normally.

If this message recurs, the systems should be inspected by a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.

Messages can be erased by pressing the

OK button on the left steering wheel lever.

Related information

BLIS

*

– introduction (p. 243)

BLIS

*

– function (p. 244)

BLIS

*

– operation (p. 245)

BLIS

*

– Cross Traffic Alert (CTA) (p. 246)

BLIS

*

– limitations (p. 247)

248

18

19

Cross Traffic Alert

Cross Traffic Alert

* Option/accessory.

STARTING AND DRIVING

250

STARTING AND DRIVING

Starting the engine

The engine can be started/switched off using the remote key and the

START/STOP ENGINE button.

Ignition slot with remote key inserted (see Ignition modes (p. 74) for more information on ignition modes)

WARNING

Before starting the engine:

Fasten the seat belt.

Check that the seat, steering wheel and mirrors are adjusted properly.

Make sure the brake pedal can be depressed completely. Adjust the seat if necessary.

WARNING

Never use more than one floor mat at a time on the driver's floor. Before driving, remove the original mat from the driver's seat floor before using any other type of floor mat. Any mat used in this position should be securely and properly anchored in the attaching pins. An extra mat on the driver's floor can cause the accelerator and/or brake pedal to catch. Check that the movement of these pedals is not impeded.

Volvo's floor mats are specially manufactured for your car. They must be firmly secured in the clips on the floor so that they cannot slide and become trapped under the pedals on the driver's side.

1. Press the remote key into the ignition slot as far as possible, with the metallic key blade pointing outward (not inserted into the slot)

1

.

2. Depress the brake pedal 2

.

3. Press and release the

START/STOP

ENGINE

button. The autostart function will operate the starter motor until the engine starts or until its overheating function stops it.

The starter motor operates for a maximum of

10 seconds. If the engine has not started, repeat the procedure.

CAUTION

If the engine does not start after the third try, wait for approximately 3 minutes before trying to start it again to give the battery time to recover its starting capacity.

NOTE

Keyless drive

*

To start a vehicle equipped with the keyless drive feature, one of the remote keys must be in the passenger compartment. Follow the instructions in steps 2 and 3 to start the vehicle.

1 On vehicles with the optional keyless drive, it is only necessary to have a remote key in the passenger’s compartment.

2 If the vehicle is moving, it is only necessary to press the START/STOP ENGINE button to start the vehicle.

* Option/accessory.

WARNING

Always remove the remote key from the ignition slot when leaving the vehicle and ensure that the ignition in mode

0

(see

Ignition modes (p. 74) for information

about the ignition modes).

On vehicles with the optional keyless drive, never remove the remote key from the vehicle while it is being driven or towed.

Always place the gear selector in Park and apply the parking brake before leaving the vehicle. Never leave the vehicle unattended with the engine running.

Always open garage doors fully before starting the engine inside a garage to ensure adequate ventilation. The exhaust gases contain carbon monoxide, which is invisible and odorless but very poisonous.

NOTE

After a cold start, idle speed may be noticeably higher than normal for a short period. This is done to help bring components in the emission control system to their normal operating temperature as quickly as possible, which enables them to control emissions and help reduce the vehicle's impact on the environment

3

.

STARTING AND DRIVING

CAUTION

When starting in cold weather, the automatic transmission may shift up at slightly higher engine speeds than normal until the automatic transmission fluid reaches normal operating temperature.

Do not race a cold engine immediately after starting. Oil flow may not reach some lubrication points fast enough to prevent engine damage.

The engine should be idling when you move the gear selector. Never accelerate until after you feel the transmission engage. Accelerating immediately after selecting a gear will cause harsh engagement and premature transmission wear.

Selecting

P

or

N

when idling at a standstill for prolonged periods of time will help prevent overheating of the automatic transmission fluid.

Related information

Switching off the engine (p. 252)

3 If the gear selector is in the

D

or

R

positions and the car is not moving, engine speed (rpm) will be lower and it will take longer for the engine to reach normal operating temperature.

251

252

STARTING AND DRIVING

Switching off the engine

Switch off the engine by pressing the

START/

STOP ENGINE

button.

If the gear selector is not in the

P

position or if the vehicle is moving, press the

START/STOP

ENGINE

button twice or press and hold it in until the engine switches off.

Related information

Ignition modes (p. 74)

Engine Remote Start (ERS)

*

– introduction

ERS is a feature that makes it possible to remotely start the engine using the remote key to cool or heat the passenger compartment before driving.

The climate system will start using automatic settings.

When the engine is started using ERS, it will run for a maximum of 15 minutes before automatically switching off again. After 2 ERS starts, the engine must be started in the normal way before

ERS can be used again.

NOTE

Always adhere to applicable State, Province and/or Local laws regarding engine idling when using ERS.

The service life of the remote key's battery is affected by ERS use. If this feature is used frequently, the battery should be

replaced once a year, see Remote key – replacing the battery (p. 151).

WARNING

Keep the following in mind before using ERS:

The vehicle should be in view.

The vehicle should be unoccupied.

The vehicle must not be parked indoors or in an enclosed area. Exhaust fumes are harmful to the health.

Related information

Engine Remote Start (ERS)

*

– starting the engine (p. 253)

Engine Remote Start (ERS)

*

– switching off the engine (p. 253)

* Option/accessory.

Engine Remote Start (ERS) starting the engine

*

Remote key buttons used for remote engine start

Lock

Approach lighting

Starting the engine

The maximum range for ERS is approximately

100 ft (30 meters) if the view of the vehicle is unobstructed.

The vehicle must also be locked.

To start the engine:

1. Press the lock button (1 ) briefly.

2. Immediately press the approach lighting button (2) for approximately 2 seconds.

If the requirements for ERS have been met, the following will occur:

1. The turn signals will flash several times.

2. The engine will start.

3. The turn signals will illuminate for 3 seconds to indicate that the engine has started.

After the engine has started, the vehicle remains locked but the alarm is disarmed.

Active functions

When the engine is started with ERS, the following functions are activated:

The climate control system

The infotainment system.

Approach lighting

Deactivated functions

When the engine is started with ERS, the following functions are deactivated:

Headlights

Parking lights

License plate lights

Windshield wipers

Related information

Engine Remote Start (ERS)

*

– switching off the engine (p. 253)

Engine Remote Start (ERS)

*

– introduction

(p. 252)

STARTING AND DRIVING

Engine Remote Start (ERS)

*

– switching off the engine

Any of the following will switch off the engine if it has been started with ERS:

Pressing the lock button (1) or the unlock button (2) on the remote key

Unlocking the vehicle

Opening a door

Depressing the accelerator or brake pedal

Moving the gear selector from the

P

position

If there are less than approx. 2.5 gallons

(10 liters) of fuel in the tank

More than 15 minutes have elapsed.

If the engine has been started with ERS and switches off, the turn signals will illuminate for

3 seconds.

Message in the instrument panel display

If ERS is interrupted, a text message will be displayed in the instrument panel.

Related information

Engine Remote Start (ERS)

*

– introduction

(p. 252)

Engine Remote Start (ERS)

*

– starting the engine (p. 253)

* Option/accessory.

253

254

STARTING AND DRIVING

Jump starting

Follow these instructions to jump start your vehicle's dead battery or to jump start another vehicle's dead battery using your vehicle.

Connecting the jumper cables

If the 12-volt auxiliary battery to be used is in another vehicle, check that the vehicles are not touching to prevent premature completion of a circuit. Be sure to follow jump starting instructions provided for the other vehicle.

To jump start your vehicle:

1. Switch off the ignition (set the ignition to mode

0

, see Ignition modes (p. 74)).

2. First connect the red jumper cable to the auxiliary battery's positive (+) terminal (1).

3. Fold back the cover over the positive (+) terminal on your vehicle's battery (2), marked with a "+" sign, located under a folding cover.

4. Connect the black jumper cable to the auxiliary battery's negative (–) terminal (3) and to the ground point in your vehicle's engine compartment (right engine mount at the top, on the outer screw) (4).

5. Start the engine in the assisting vehicle, then start the engine in the vehicle with dead battery.

6. After the engine has started, first remove the negative (–) terminal jumper cable (black).

Then remove the positive (+) terminal jumper cable (red).

WARNING

PROPOSITION 65 WARNING!

Battery posts, terminals, and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals known to the state of California to cause cancer and reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.

CAUTION

Connect the jumper cables carefully to avoid short circuits with other components in the engine compartment.

WARNING

Do not connect the jumper cable to any part of the fuel system or to any moving parts. Avoid touching hot manifolds.

Batteries generate hydrogen gas, which is flammable and explosive.

Battery fluid contains sulfuric acid. Do not allow battery fluid to contact eyes, skin, fabrics or painted surfaces. If contact occurs, flush the affected area immediately with water. Obtain medical help immediately if eyes are affected.

Never expose the battery to open flame or electric spark.

Do not smoke near the battery.

Failure to follow the instructions for jump starting can lead to injury.

Related information

Starting the engine (p. 250)

Transmission – general information

The transmission automatically shifts between the various forward gears, based on the level of acceleration and speed.

Shiftgate positions

Depress the button on the front of the gear selector knob to move the gear selector between the

R

,

N

,

D

, and

P

positions.

The gear selector can be moved freely between the Geartronic (manual shifting) and Drive (

D

) positions while driving.

CAUTION

The transmission’s temperature is monitored to help prevent damage to the transmission or other drivetrain components. If there is a risk of overheating, the warning symbol on the instrument panel will illuminate and a text message will be displayed. Follow the instructions provided there.

Hill Start Assist (HSA)

4

HSA makes it easier to start or back up on a hill by retaining pressure on the brake pedal for several seconds after the pedal has been released in order to keep the vehicle at a standstill.

The brakes will be released after several seconds or when the driver presses the accelerator pedal.

Related information

Transmission – positions (p. 255)

Transmission – Geartronic (p. 257)

Transmission – shiftlock override (p. 259)

All Wheel Drive (AWD) (p. 267)

Fuel tank volume – specification and volume

(p. 377)

STARTING AND DRIVING

Transmission – positions

Park: position P

Select the

P

position when starting or parking.

4 Certain models only

}}

255

STARTING AND DRIVING

||

Shiftlock

When

P

has been selected, the transmission is mechanically blocked in this position. The brake pedal must be depressed and the ignition must be in at least mode

II

(see Ignition modes

(p. 74)) before the gear lever can be moved from

the

P

position.

WARNING

Always apply the parking brake when the vehicle is parked, particularly when parking on a hill. The transmission's

P

mode may not be able to keep the vehicle stationary if it is parked on an incline.

Press the control to apply the parking brake, see

Parking brake – general information (p. 271).

CAUTION

The vehicle must be stationary when position

P

is selected.

Gear indicator

The gear currently being used is displayed on the right side of the instrument panel.

The "

S

" symbol turns orange if

Sport mode is being used.

Reverse: position R

The vehicle must be stationary when position

R

is selected.

Neutral: position N

No gear is engaged and the engine can be started with the gear selector in this position.

Apply the parking brake if the vehicle is stationary with the gear selector in position

N

. In order to move the gear selector from the

N

position, the brake pedal must be depressed and the ignition must be in at least mode

II

.

Drive: position D

D

is the normal driving position. The car automatically shifts between the various forward gears, based on the level of acceleration and speed.

The car must be at a standstill when shifting from position

R

to position

D

.

Related information

Transmission – general information (p. 255)

Transmission – Geartronic (p. 257)

Transmission – shiftlock override (p. 259)

Fuel tank volume – specification and volume

(p. 377)

256

STARTING AND DRIVING

Transmission – Geartronic

Geartronic allows you to manually shift among your vehicle's forward gears. The manual position (

+S–

) can be selected at any time.

Geartronic: manual shifting (+S–)

To shift gears manually, move the gear selector to the side from

D

toward

+S–

. The

+S–

symbol in the instrument panel will change from white

to orange

and the number of the gear currently being used (

1

,

2

,

3

, etc.) will be displayed (see the following illustration)

5

.

To return to automatic shifting mode from

+S–

, move the gear selector to the side toward

D

.

Gear shift indicator

*

Gear shift indicator in a digital instrument panel

*

6

This option indicates when to shift up or down to help conserve fuel. A white arrow will appear above or below the number of the current gear to prompt the driver to shift up or down.

While driving

If you select the manual shifting position while driving, the gear that was being used in the Drive position will also initially be selected in the manual shifting position.

Move the gear selector forward (toward

+

) to shift to a higher gear or rearward (toward

) to shift to a lower gear.

If you hold the gear selector toward "

", the transmission will downshift one gear at a time and will utilize the braking power of the

5 If Sport mode is being used, the symbol will change to "S".

6 Analog instrument panel: the gear shift indicator is displayed in the center of the speedometer.

• engine. If the current speed is too high for using a lower gear, the downshift will not occur until the speed has decreased enough to allow the lower gear to be used.

If you slow to a very low speed, the transmission will automatically shift down.

Shiftlock: Neutral (N)

If the gear selector is in the

N

position and the vehicle has been stationary for at least 3 seconds

(irrespective of whether the engine is running) then the gear selector is locked.

In order to move the gear selector from

N

to another gear position, the brake pedal must be depressed and the ignition must be in at least position

II

, see Ignition modes (p. 74).

}}

* Option/accessory.

257

STARTING AND DRIVING

||

Geartronic: steering wheel paddles

*

In addition to the manual gearshift function using the gear selector, this option makes it possible to manually shift gears from the steering wheel.

Shifting gears:

Pull the paddle toward the steering wheel and release it.

Deactivating the paddles:

Hold the "

+

" paddle for approximately

3 seconds.

Steering-wheel mounted gear shift paddles

"

": Shift down to a lower gear.

"

+

": Shift up to a higher gear.

In order to shift gears with the paddles, they have to first be activated.

The gear selector can be in either the D or S position.

Activating the paddles:

Pull either paddle toward the steering wheel and release it; the

D

in the instrument panel will change to the number of the gear currently being used.

NOTE

If the gear selector was in

D

when paddle shifting was activated (

D

changed to the number of the gear being used), the transmission will automatically revert to

D

after approximately 5 seconds if the paddles are not used to shift gears.

This will not

occur:

• during active driving (e.g., on a winding road, while accelerating, etc) if the gear selector was in

S

when the paddles were activated

If the transmission reverts to

D

, the paddles will have to be reactivated (pull either paddle toward the steering wheel and release it) before they can be used to shift gears again.

The paddles can also be manually deactivated by pulling both paddles toward the steering wheel and holding them until the gear number shown in the instrument panel changes to

D

.

258 * Option/accessory.

Geartronic: Sport mode (S)

7

This transmission mode provides sportier shifting characteristics and enables a more active driving style by making it possible to drive at higher rpm in each gear before shifting up. The engine also responds faster when the accelerator pedal is pressed.

To access Sport mode from Drive (

D

), move the gear selector to the left. The transmission will not switch to manual shifting mode until the gear selector is moved forward or rearward toward + or –.

Sport mode can be selected any time.

NOTE

On vehicles equipped with Sport mode, the transmission symbol in the main instrument panel will change from

D

to

S when the gear selector is moved to the manual shifting mode. If the gear selector is moved toward "+" or "-", the number of the gear currently being used will be dis-

played, see Information displays – introduction (p. 63).

Please be aware that using Sport mode may result in a slight decrease in fuel economy. Driving in

D

can help improve fuel economy.

Geartronic: starting on slippery surfaces

Selecting 3rd gear in Geartronic’s manual shifting mode can help provide better traction when starting off on slippery surfaces. To do so:

1. Depress the brake pedal and move the gear selector to the side from

D

toward

+S–

.

2. Press the gear selector forward and release it (this selects 2nd gear). Press the selector forward again and release it to select 3rd gear. The optional steering wheel paddles can also be used; see the previous section

"Geartronic: steering wheel paddles."

3. Release the brake pedal and press gently on the accelerator pedal.

Related information

Transmission – general information (p. 255)

Transmission – positions (p. 255)

Transmission – shiftlock override (p. 259)

Fuel tank volume – specification and volume

(p. 377)

STARTING AND DRIVING

Transmission – shiftlock override

If the vehicle cannot be driven, for example because of a dead battery, the gear selector must be moved from the

P

position before the vehicle can be moved

8

.

Shiftlock override

Lift away the rubber mat on the floor of the storage compartment behind the center console to expose the small opening for overriding the shiftlock system.

Insert the key blade into the opening. Press the key blade down as far as possible and keep it held down.

7 Certain models only

8

If the battery is dead, the electric parking brake cannot be applied or released. Connect an auxiliary battery if the battery voltage is too low, see Jump starting (p. 254).

}}

259

STARTING AND DRIVING

||

Move the gear selector from the

P

position.

For information on the key blade, see

Detachable key blade – general information

(p. 149).

Related information

Transmission – general information (p. 255)

Transmission – positions (p. 255)

Transmission – Geartronic (p. 257)

Fuel tank volume – specification and volume

(p. 377)

Start/Stop – Hill Start Assist (HSA)

When starting on steep hills, HSA (see Transmission – general information (p. 255)) retains pres-

sure on the brake pedal for several seconds after the pedal has been released in order to keep the vehicle at a standstill. The brakes will be released after several seconds or when the driver presses the accelerator pedal. The pedal will return to its normal position somewhat slower than normal.

Related information

Start/Stop – introduction (p. 260)

Start/Stop – function (p. 261)

Start/Stop – settings (p. 263)

Start/Stop – Auto-stop exceptions (p. 262)

Start/Stop – Auto-start exceptions (p. 262)

Start/Stop – symbols and messages

(p. 264)

Start/Stop – introduction

Start/Stop is a function that temporarily switches off the engine when the vehicle is not moving, for instance in heavy traffic or at a traffic light to help reduce fuel consumption.

Start/Stop is available with certain engines/ transmissions.

Related information

Start/Stop – function (p. 261)

Start/Stop – settings (p. 263)

Start/Stop – Auto-stop exceptions (p. 262)

Start/Stop – Auto-start exceptions (p. 262)

Start/Stop – Hill Start Assist (HSA) (p. 260)

Start/Stop – symbols and messages

(p. 264)

260

Start/Stop – function

Function and use

Start/Stop symbol in the instrument panel standstill, the engine will auto-stop automatically if the driver keeps the brake pedal depressed

.

To remind the driver that the engine has been auto-stopped, the Start/Stop symbol will illuminate in the instrument panel and remain on until the engine restarts.

If the ECO function

*

is activated, the engine may autostop before the vehicle comes to a complete standstill.

Start/Stop button on the center console

Start/Stop is activated automatically each time the engine is started

9

. The symbol in the instrument panel will be displayed for several seconds when the engine starts and the indicator light in the On/Off button will remain illuminated while the function is activated.

All of the vehicle's systems will function while the engine is auto-stopped, although the function of certain systems may be reduced at this time. For example, blower speed and high infotainment system volume may be reduced to help conserve the battery's capacity.

Auto-stopping the engine

Normally, when Start/Stop is activated and the brakes are applied until the vehicle comes to a

Auto-starting the engine

The engine restarts as soon as the driver releases the brake pedal.

Deactivating Start/Stop

In certain situations (e.g., driving in heavy, stop-and-go traffic), it may be preferable to deactivate Start/Stop.

This is done by pressing the button in the center console.

The indicator light in the button will go out.

Start/Stop will remain deactivated until the button is pressed again or until the engine is switched off and restarted by the driver.

9

Not when the engine is started using the optional Engine Remote Start feature, Starting the engine (p. 250)

STARTING AND DRIVING

Related information

Start/Stop – introduction (p. 260)

Start/Stop – settings (p. 263)

Start/Stop – Auto-stop exceptions (p. 262)

Start/Stop – Auto-start exceptions (p. 262)

Start/Stop – Hill Start Assist (HSA) (p. 260)

Start/Stop – symbols and messages

(p. 264)

* Option/accessory.

261

262

STARTING AND DRIVING

Start/Stop – Auto-stop exceptions

In certain situations or conditions, the engine may not auto-stop

when the vehicle comes to a standstill, such as if:

Condition/situation

The vehicle's speed has not reached a speed of approx. 6 mph (10 km/h) after the most recent auto-start or after the driver has started the engine.

The driver unbuckles his/her seat belt.

The main battery's charge is below the minimum level.

The engine has not reached its normal operating temperature.

The ambient temperature is below approx.

25°F (-4°C) or above approx. 85°F (30°C).

The windshield's heating function

*

is activated.

The climate system cannot keep the desired settings in the passenger compartment; the blower will operate at high speed.

The vehicle is backing up.

The main battery's temperature is below freezing or too high.

The driver is turning the steering wheel hard.

Condition/situation

The road's incline is very steep.

A trailer's electrical system is connected to the vehicle.

The hood has been opened

A

.

The transmission has not reached its normal operating temperature.

Atmospheric pressure is below a level equivalent to an altitude of approx. 4,900–8,200 ft

(1500–2500 m) above sea level. The actual pressure is also affected by current weather conditions.

The Adaptive Cruise Control's

*

Queue Assist feature is activated.

The gear selector is in the

S B

or "

+/–

" position.

A

B

Certain engines only

Sport mode (where applicable)

Related information

Start/Stop – introduction (p. 260)

Start/Stop – function (p. 261)

Start/Stop – settings (p. 263)

Start/Stop – Auto-start exceptions (p. 262)

Start/Stop – Hill Start Assist (HSA) (p. 260)

Start/Stop – symbols and messages

(p. 264)

Start/Stop – Auto-start exceptions

In certain situations or conditions, the engine may auto-start

even though the driver is still pressing the brake pedal, such as if:

Condition/situation

Condensation forms on the windows.

The climate system cannot keep the desired settings in the passenger compartment.

Electrical current consumption is temporarily high or the main battery's charge is below the minimum level.

The brake pedal is pumped repeatedly.

The hood has been opened

A

.

The vehicle begins to move or increases speed slightly (if the engine auto-stopped before the

vehicle was at a standstill (see ECO

*

(p. 265))).

The driver unbuckles his/her seat belt while the gear selector is in the

D

or

N

positions.

The steering wheel is turned

A

.

* Option/accessory.

Condition/situation

The gear selector is moved from

D

to

S B

"

+/–

".

,

R

or

The driver's door is opened with the gear selector in

D

– an audible signal and a text message will inform the driver that Start/Stop is active.

A

B

Certain engines only

Sport mode (where applicable)

WARNING

Do not open the hood if the engine has autostopped. The engine could suddenly autostart.

Before opening the hood:

Switch off the ignition using the

START/

STOP ENGINE

button.

Be aware that if the engine has been running, components in the engine compartment will be very hot.

If the engine does not auto-start, this could be due to

:

The driver's seat belt is not fastened

The gear selector is in

P

and the driver's door is opened

In these cases, the driver will have to restart the engine by pressing the

START/STOP ENGINE button.

Related information

Start/Stop – introduction (p. 260)

Start/Stop – function (p. 261)

Start/Stop – settings (p. 263)

Start/Stop – Auto-stop exceptions (p. 262)

Start/Stop – Hill Start Assist (HSA) (p. 260)

Start/Stop – symbols and messages

(p. 264)

STARTING AND DRIVING

Start/Stop – settings

Settings for the Start/Stop function can be made in the

MY CAR

menu system.

Related information

Start/Stop – introduction (p. 260)

Start/Stop – function (p. 261)

Start/Stop – Auto-stop exceptions (p. 262)

Start/Stop – Auto-start exceptions (p. 262)

Start/Stop – Hill Start Assist (HSA) (p. 260)

Start/Stop – symbols and messages

(p. 264)

263

264

STARTING AND DRIVING

Start/Stop – symbols and messages

Text messages

Combined with the information symbol in the instrument panel, the Start/Stop function may also display messages in certain situations. Follow the instructions provided in the message. The following table gives several examples.

Symbol Message

Auto Start/Stop Service required

Information/action

Start/Stop is not functioning properly. Contact a Volvo retailer or a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.

Autostart Engine running

+ an audible signal

This is triggered if the driver's door is opened while the engine is auto-stopped.

-

-

-

Press Start button

Select P or N to start

Press Start button

If the message does not disappear after the suggested action has been taken, contact a Volvo retailer or a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.

The engine will not auto-start. Start the engine normally by pressing the

START/STOP ENGINE

button.

Start/Stop has been deactivated. Move the gear selector to

N

or

P

and start the engine normally be pressing the

START/STOP ENGINE

button.

The engine will not auto-start. Move the gear selector to

N

or

P

and start the engine normally be pressing the

START/STOP ENGINE

button.

Start/Stop – Auto-start exceptions (p. 262)

Start/Stop – Hill Start Assist (HSA) (p. 260)

Related information

Start/Stop – introduction (p. 260)

Start/Stop – function (p. 261)

Start/Stop – settings (p. 263)

Start/Stop – Auto-stop exceptions (p. 262)

ECO

*

Eco is a function

10

developed by Volvo to give the driver the opportunity to actively drive more economically and to help reduce fuel consumption.

Introduction

When Eco is activated, the following functions are modified:

NOTE

When Eco is activated, several climate system parameters are changed and the function of certain current-consuming systems will be reduced.

Some of these functions can be restarted manually but full functionality will not be restored until Eco is deactivated.

Function

The automatic transmission's shifting points

The engine management system and accelerator pedal response

Stop/stop function (Start/Stop – introduction

(p. 260)): the engine can auto-stop before

the vehicle has come to a full stop

Eco Coast functionality is activated: engine braking is disabled

Climate system settings: certain functions

(e.g., air conditioning) will be temporarily reduced or deactivated

ECO On/Off button in the center console

ECO symbol in the instrument panel

When the engine is switched off, ECO is deactivated and must be reactivated each time the engine is started (with the exception of certain engines).

10 Option on models equipped with certain 4-cylinder engines

STARTING AND DRIVING

The

ECO

symbol will be displayed in the instrument panel and the indicator light in the

ECO button will be on

when Eco is activated.

Eco on or off

When ECO is deactivated, the

ECO

symbol will not

be displayed in the instrument panel and the indicator light in the

ECO

button will be off

. The function will remain deactivated until the button is pressed again.

Eco Coast

Eco Coast is an integral part of the Eco function and essentially deactivates engine braking, allowing the vehicle to roll freely.

NOTE

To function optimally, Eco Coast should primarily be used when the vehicle can coast as far as possible.

When the driver releases the accelerator pedal, the transmission is automatically disengaged from the engine and engine rpm will be reduced to the idle level (approx. 700-800 rpm), which helps reduce fuel consumption.

}}

* Option/accessory.

265

STARTING AND DRIVING

||

This feature is primarily intended to be used in driving situations where a decrease in speed is expected, such as when entering a zone with a lower speed limit.

Eco Coast enables proactive driving with as little braking as possible.

Combinations of On and Off

Depending on the driving situation, Eco can be used in different ways to help reduce fuel consumption:

With Eco activated

: this enables Eco Coast, which allows the vehicle to roll freely for as far as possible

when the driver releases the accelerator pedal (e.g., when approaching a traffic light or intersection).

or

With Eco deactivated

: engine braking can be used when the vehicle will only roll for a short distance

(in heavy traffic, etc.) or when driving down hills

.

To help keep fuel consumption as low as possible, Eco Coast should not be used in traffic situations where the brakes have to be used frequently.

Activating Eco Coast

Eco Coast is activated when the accelerator pedal is released completely if:

Eco is activated

The gear selector is in

D

The vehicle's speed is between approximately 40–85 mph (65–140 km/h). Always observe posted speed limits

The gradient of a down-slope is less than approximately 6%

Deactivating Eco Coast

In certain situations, it may be advisable to switch off the Eco Coast function, such as:

When driving down steep hills, in order to utilize engine braking

Prior to passing another vehicle, in order to do so as safely as possible

Deactivating Eco Coast (and reactivating engine braking) can be done in the following ways:

Press the

ECO

button on the center console

Move the gear selector to the manual "

S+/–

" position

Change gears using the steering wheel paddles

*

Press the brake or accelerator pedal

Eco Coast limitations

This function will not be available if:

Cruise control is activated

The gradient of a down-slope is more than approximately 6%

The steering wheel paddles

*

are used to manually change gears

The engine and/or transmission have not reached their normal operating temperature

The gear selector is moved from

D

to the manual "

S+/–

" position

The vehicle's speed is not within the

40–85 mph (65–140 km/h). interval

Additional information and settings

Other ECO-related settings can be made in the vehicle's

MY CAR

menu. See My Car – introduction (p. 71) for more information.

Related information

Climate – general information (p. 120)

Transmission – general information (p. 255)

266 * Option/accessory.

All Wheel Drive (AWD)

Your Volvo can be equipped with permanent All

Wheel Drive, which means that power is distributed automatically between the front and rear wheels.

NOTE

The message

AWD disabled Service required

will be appear in the information display if an electrical fault should occur in the AWD system. A warning light will also illuminate in the instrument panel. If this occurs, have the system checked by a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.

Related information

Transmission – general information (p. 255)

Under normal driving conditions, most of the engine's power is directed to the front wheels.

However, if there is any tendency for the front wheels to spin, an electronically controlled coupling distributes power to the wheels that have the best traction.

STARTING AND DRIVING

Brakes – general

The brake system is a hydraulic system consisting of two separate brake circuits. If a problem should occur in one of these circuits, it is still possible to stop the vehicle with the other brake circuit.

If the brake pedal must be depressed farther than normal and requires greater foot pressure, the stopping distance will be longer.

A warning light in the instrument panel will light up to warn the driver that a fault has occurred.

If this light comes on while driving or braking, stop immediately and check the brake fluid level in the reservoir.

NOTE

Press the brake pedal hard and maintain pressure on the pedal – do not pump the brakes.

WARNING

If the fluid level is below the

MIN

mark in the reservoir or if a brake system message is shown in the information display:

DO NOT

DRIVE

. Have the vehicle towed to a trained and qualified Volvo service technician and have the brake system inspected.

}}

267

STARTING AND DRIVING

||

Brake pad inspection

On vehicles equipped with a jack

*

, the condition of the brake pads can be checked by raising the

vehicle (see Changing a wheel – removing wheel

(p. 293) for information about using the jack and

removing a wheel) and performing a visual inspection of the brake pads.

WARNING

If the vehicle has been driven immediately prior to a brake pad inspection, the wheel hub, brake components, etc., will be very hot. Allow time for these components to cool before carrying out the inspection.

Apply the parking brake and put the gear selector in the Park (

P

) position.

Block the wheels standing on the ground, use rigid wooden blocks or large stones.

WARNING

Use the jack intended for the vehicle when changing a tire. For any other job, use stands to support the vehicle.

The jack should be kept well-greased and clean, and should not be damaged.

Be sure the jack is on a firm, level, nonslippery surface.

No objects should be placed between the base of jack and the ground, or between the jack and the attachment bar on the vehicle.

The jack must correctly engage the jack attachment.

Never allow any part of your body to be extended under a vehicle supported by a jack.

Power brakes function only when the engine is running

The power brakes utilize vacuum pressure which is only created when the engine is running. Never let the vehicle roll to a stop with the engine switched off.

If the power brakes are not working, considerably higher pressure will be required on the brake pedal to compensate for the lack of power assistance. This can happen for example when towing your vehicle or if the engine is switched off when the vehicle is rolling. The brake pedal feels harder than usual.

Water on brake discs and brake pads affects braking

Driving in rain and slush or passing through an automatic car wash can cause water to collect on the brake discs and pads. This will cause a delay in braking effect when the pedal is depressed. To avoid such a delay when the brakes are needed, depress the pedal occasionally when driving through rain, slush, etc. This will remove the water from the brakes. Check that brake application feels normal. This should also be done after washing or starting in very damp or cold weather.

Severe strain on the brake system

The brakes will be subject to severe strain when driving in mountains or hilly areas, or when towing a trailer. Vehicle speed is usually slower, which means that the cooling of the brakes is less efficient than when driving on level roads. To reduce the strain on the brakes, shift into a lower gear and let the engine help with the braking. Do not forget that if you are towing a trailer, the brakes will be subjected to a greater than normal load.

Cleaning the brake discs

Coatings of dirt and water on the brake discs may result in delayed brake function. This delay is minimized by cleaning the brake linings.

Cleaning the brake pads is advisable in wet weather, prior to long-term parking, and after the

268 * Option/accessory.

vehicle has been washed. Do this by braking gently for a short period while the vehicle is moving.

Related information

Parking brake – general information (p. 271)

Emergency Brake Assistance (EBA) (p. 270)

Brakes – general (p. 267)

Anti-lock braking system (ABS) (p. 269)

Brakes – symbols

Symbols in the instrument panel

Symbol Specification

Steady glow – Check the brake fluid level. If the level is low, fill with brake fluid and check for the cause of the brake fluid loss.

Automatic function check: steady glow for two seconds when the engine is started.

WARNING

If and come on at the same time and the brake level is below the

MIN mark in the reservoir or if a brake system-related message is shown in the information display:

DO NOT DRIVE

. Have the vehicle towed to a trained and qualified Volvo service technician and have the brake system inspected.

Related information

Brakes – general (p. 267)

Parking brake – general information (p. 271)

STARTING AND DRIVING

Anti-lock braking system (ABS)

The ABS system helps to improve vehicle control (stopping and steering) during severe braking conditions by limiting brake lockup.

When the system "senses" impending lockup, braking pressure is automatically modulated in order to help prevent lockup that could lead to a skid.

The system performs a brief self-diagnostic test when the engine has been started and driver releases the brake pedal. Another automatic test may be performed when the vehicle first reaches a speed of approximately 6 mph (10 km/h). The brake pedal will pulsate several times and a sound may be audible from the ABS control module, which is normal.

Related information

Parking brake – general information (p. 271)

Emergency Brake Assistance (EBA) (p. 270)

Brakes – general (p. 267)

269

270

STARTING AND DRIVING

Brake lights

The brake lights come on automatically when the brakes are applied.

Adaptive brake lights

The adaptive brake lights activate in the event of sudden braking or if the ABS system is activated.

This function causes an additional taillight on each side of the vehicle to illuminate to help alert vehicles traveling behind.

The adaptive brake lights activate if:

The ABS system activates for more than approximately a half second

In the event of sudden braking while the vehicle is moving at speeds above approximately 6 mph (10 km/h).

When the vehicle has come to a stop, the brake lights and additional taillights remain on for as long as the brake pedal is depressed or until braking force on the vehicle is reduced.

Related information

Brakes – general (p. 267)

Parking brake – general information (p. 271)

Emergency Brake Assistance (EBA)

EBA is designed to provide full brake effect immediately in the event of sudden, hard braking.

Emergency Brake Assistance

The EBA system is activated by the speed with which the brake pedal is depressed.

When the EBA system is activated, the brake pedal will go down and pressure in the brake system immediately increases to the maximum level.

Maintain full pressure on the brake pedal in order to utilize the system completely. EBA is automatically deactivated when the brake pedal is released.

NOTE

When the EBA system is activated, the brake pedal will go down and pressure in the brake system immediately increases to the maximum level. You must maintain full pressure on the brake pedal in order to utilize the system completely. There will be no braking effect if the pedal is released. EBA is automatically deactivated when the brake pedal is released.

When the vehicle has been parked for some time, the brake pedal may sink more than usual when the engine is started. This is normal and the pedal will return to its usual position when it is released.

Related information

Parking brake – general information (p. 271)

Brakes – general (p. 267)

Anti-lock braking system (ABS) (p. 269)

Parking brake – general information

The electric parking brake helps to keep the vehicle stationary when it is parked.

Electric parking brake

Parking brake control

NOTE

A faint sound from the parking brake's electric motor can be heard when the parking brake is being applied. This sound can also be heard during the automatic function check of the parking brake.

The brake pedal will move slightly when the electric parking brake is applied or released.

STARTING AND DRIVING

Low battery voltage

If the battery voltage is too low, the parking brake cannot be applied or released.

Connect an auxiliary battery if the battery voltage is too

low, see Jump starting (p. 254).

Parking on a hill

If the vehicle is pointing uphill, turn the front wheels so that they point away from the curb.

If the vehicle is pointing downhill, turn the front wheels so that they point toward the curb.

The parking brake should also be applied.

Related information

Parking brake – applying (p. 271)

Parking brake – releasing (p. 272)

Parking brake – symbols and messages

(p. 274)

Brakes – general (p. 267)

Parking brake – applying

Applying the electric parking brake

Parking brake control

1. Press firmly on the brake pedal.

2. Push the control.

>

The symbol in the instrument panel flashes while the parking brake is being applied and glows steadily when the parking brake has been fully applied.

3. Release the brake pedal and ensure that the vehicle is at a standstill.

4. When the vehicle is parked, the gear selector must be in position

P

.

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271

STARTING AND DRIVING

||

NOTE

In an emergency the parking brake can be applied when the vehicle is moving by holding in the control. Braking will be interrupted when the accelerator pedal is depressed or the control is released.

An audible signal will sound during this procedure if the vehicle is moving at speeds above 6 mph (10 km/h).

Related information

Parking brake – general information (p. 271)

Parking brake – releasing (p. 272)

Parking brake – symbols and messages

(p. 274)

Brakes – general (p. 267)

Parking brake – releasing

Releasing the electric parking brake

Parking brake control

Manual release

1. Fasten the seat belt.

2. Insert the remote key in the ignition slot and press the

START/STOP ENGINE

button (or press the

START/STOP ENGINE

button with a valid remote key in the passenger compartment on vehicles with the optional keyless drive).

3. Press firmly on the brake pedal.

4. Pull the parking brake control.

Automatic release

1. Start the engine.

NOTE

In order to perform an automatic release when the engine is initially started, the driver’s seat belt does not need to be fastened.

The electric parking brake will be released immediately when the accelerator pedal is pressed and the gear selector is in position

D

or

R

.

2. Fasten the seat belt.

3. Move the gear selector to position

D

or

R and press the accelerator pedal. The parking brake will release when the vehicle begins to move.

Heavy load uphill

A heavy load, such as a trailer, can cause the vehicle to roll backward when the parking brake is released automatically on a steep incline. To help avoid this:

1. Keep the electric parking brake lever pushed in with the left hand while shifting into Drive with the right.

2. While pressing the accelerator pedal to pull away, release the parking brake lever only after the vehicle begins to move.

Related information

Parking brake – general information (p. 271)

Parking brake – applying (p. 271)

272

Parking brake – symbols and messages

(p. 274)

Brakes – general (p. 267)

STARTING AND DRIVING

273

274

STARTING AND DRIVING

Parking brake – symbols and messages

A text message can be erased by pressing briefly on the

OK

button on the turn signal lever.

Symbol and messages in the instrument panel

Symbol Message Description/action

"

Message

"

Read the message in the information display

-

-

-

Park brake not fully released

Parking brake not applied

Parking brake

Service required

A flashing symbol indicates that the parking brake is being applied. If the symbol flashes in any other situation then this means that a fault has arisen. Read the message on the information display.

A fault is preventing the parking brake from being released. Try to apply the parking brake and release it several times. If the problem persists, contact an authorized Volvo workshop. If you drive off with this error message showing, a warning signal sounds.

A fault is preventing the parking brake from being applied. Try to apply the parking brake and release it several times. If the problem persists, contact an authorized Volvo workshop. If you drive off with this error message showing, a warning signal sounds.

A fault has occurred. Try to apply and release. Contact a Volvo workshop if the fault remains

WARNING

If the vehicle must be parked before the fault has been corrected, always put the gear selector in

P

and turn the wheels so that they point away from the curb if the vehicle is pointing uphill or toward the curb if it is pointing downhill.

Related information

Parking brake – general information (p. 271)

Parking brake – applying (p. 271)

Parking brake – releasing (p. 272)

Brakes – general (p. 267)

Driving through water

The vehicle should be driven with extreme caution if it is necessary to drive through standing water.

The vehicle can be driven through water up to a depth of approximately 10 in. (25 cm), (S60

Cross Country: approximately 12 in. (30 cm)) at walking speed to help prevent water from entering the differential and the transmission. Water reduces the oil's lubricating capacity and may shorten the service life of these components.

Take particular care when driving through flowing water.

Clean the electrical connections for trailer wiring after driving in mud or water.

When driving through water, maintain low speed and do not stop in the water.

WARNING

Avoid driving through standing or rushing water. Doing so can be dangerous and it may also be difficult to determine the actual depth of the water.

If water cannot be avoided, after driving through the water, press lightly on the brake pedal to ensure that the brakes are functioning normally. Water or mud can make the brake linings slippery, resulting in delayed braking effect.

CAUTION

Engine damage will occur if water is drawn into the air cleaner.

If the vehicle is driven through water deeper than approximately 10 in.

(25 cm), (S60 Cross Country: approximately 12 in. (30 cm)), water may enter the differential and the transmission. This reduces the oil's lubricating capacity and may shorten the service life of these components.

Damage to any components, the engine, transmission, turbo-charger, differential or its internal components caused by flooding, vapor lock or insufficient oil is not covered under warranty.

Do not allow the vehicle to stand in water up to the door sills longer than absolutely necessary. This could result in electrical malfunctions.

If the engine has been stopped while the vehicle is in water, do not attempt to restart it. Have the vehicle towed out of the water.

Related information

Towing the vehicle (p. 286)

Towing by tow truck (p. 287)

STARTING AND DRIVING

Engine and cooling system

Under special conditions, for example when driving in hilly terrain, extreme heat or with heavy loads, there is a risk that the engine and cooling system will overheat.

Proceed as follows to avoid overheating the engine.

Maintain a low speed when driving with a trailer up long, steep hills. For information,

see Towing a trailer (p. 283)

Do not turn the engine off immediately when stopping after a hard drive.

WARNING

The cooling fan may start or continue to operate (for up to 6 minutes) after the engine has been switched off.

Remove any auxiliary lights from in front of the grille when driving in hot weather conditions.

Do not exceed engine speeds of 4500 rpm if driving with a trailer in hilly terrain. The oil temperature could become too high.

275

276

STARTING AND DRIVING

Conserving electrical current

Keep the following in mind to help minimize battery drain:

When the engine is not running, avoid using ignition mode

II

. Many electrical systems (the audio system, the optional navigation system, power windows, etc) will function in ignition modes

0

and

I

. These modes reduce drain on the battery.

Please keep in mind that using systems, accessories, etc., that consume a great deal of current when the engine is not running could result in the battery being completely drained. Driving or having the engine running for approximately 15 minutes will help keep the battery charged.

The optional 12-volt socket in the trunk (p. 137) area provides electrical current

even with the ignition switched off, which drains the battery.

Before a long distance trip

It is always worthwhile to have your vehicle checked by a trained and qualified Volvo service technician before driving long distances. Your retailer will also be able to supply you with bulbs, fuses, spark plugs and wiper blades for your use in the event that problems occur.

As a minimum, the following items should be checked before any long trip:

Check that engine runs smoothly and that fuel consumption is normal.

Check for fuel, oil, and fluid leakage.

Have the transmission oil level checked.

Check condition of drive belts.

Check state of the battery's charge.

Examine tires carefully (the spare tire as well), and replace those that are

worn (p. 292). Check tire pressure (p. 299).

The brakes, front wheel alignment, and steering gear should be checked by a trained and qualified Volvo service technician only.

Check all lights, including high beams.

Reflective warning triangles are legally required in some states/provinces.

Have a word with a trained and qualified

Volvo service technician if you intend to drive in countries where it may be difficult to obtain the correct fuel.

Consider your destination. If you will be driving through an area where snow or ice are

likely to occur, consider snow tires (p. 306).

Related information

Changing a wheel – removing wheel (p. 293)

Bulbs – introduction (p. 334)

Driving in cold weather

Check your vehicle before the approach of cold weather.

The following advice is worth noting:

Make sure that the engine coolant (p. 332)

contains 50 percent antifreeze. Any other mixture will reduce freeze protection. This gives protection against freezing down to

–31 °F (–35 °C). The use of "recycled" antifreeze is not approved by Volvo. Different types of antifreeze must not be mixed.

Volvo recommends using only genuine Volvo antifreeze in your vehicle's radiator.

Try to keep the fuel tank well filled – this helps prevent the formation of condensation in the tank. In addition, in extremely cold weather conditions it is worthwhile to add fuel line de-icer before refueling.

The viscosity of the engine oil is important.

Oil with low viscosity (thinner oil) improves cold-weather starting as well as decreasing fuel consumption while the engine is warming up. Full synthetic 0W-30 oil is recommended for driving in areas with sustained low temperatures.

The load placed on the battery is greater during the winter since the windshield wipers, lighting, etc., are used more often. Moreover, the capacity of the battery decreases as the temperature drops. In very cold weather, a poorly charged battery can freeze and be

• damaged. It is therefore advisable to check the state of charge more frequently and spray an anti-rust oil on the battery posts.

Volvo recommends the use of snow tires on

all four wheels for winter driving, see Snow tires/studded tires (p. 306).

To prevent the washer fluid (p. 344)reservoir

from freezing, add washer solvents containing antifreeze. This is important since dirt is often splashed on the windshield during winter driving, requiring the frequent use of the washers and wipers. Volvo Washer Solvent should be diluted as follows: Down to 14 °F

(–10 °C): 1 part washer solvent and 4 parts water Down to 5 °F (–15 °C): 1 part washer solvent and 3 parts water Down to 0 °F

(–18 °C): 1 part washer solvent and 2 parts water Down to –18 °F (–28 °C): 1 part washer solvent and 1 part water.

Use Volvo Teflon Lock Spray in the locks.

Avoid using de-icing sprays as they can cause damage to the locks.

STARTING AND DRIVING

Refueling – fuel requirements

Volvo recommends the use of detergent gasoline to control engine deposits.

Deposit control gasoline (detergent additives)

Detergent gasoline is effective in keeping injectors and intake valves clean. Consistent use of deposit control gasolines will help ensure good drivability and fuel economy. If you are not sure whether the gasoline contains deposit control additives, check with the service station operator.

NOTE

Volvo does not recommend the use of external fuel injector cleaning systems.

Unleaded fuel

Each Volvo has a three-way catalytic converter and must use only unleaded gasoline. U.S. and

Canadian regulations require that pumps delivering unleaded gasoline be labeled "UNLEADED".

Only these pumps have nozzles which fit your vehicle's filler inlet. It is unlawful to dispense leaded fuel into a vehicle labeled "unleaded gasoline only". Leaded gasoline damages the threeway catalytic converter and the heated oxygen sensor system. Repeated use of leaded gasoline

will lessen the effectiveness of the emission control system (p. 281) and could result in loss of

emission warranty coverage. State and local vehi-

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277

STARTING AND DRIVING

|| cle inspection programs will make detection of misfueling easier, possibly resulting in emission test failure for misfueled vehicles.

NOTE

Some U.S. and Canadian gasolines contain an octane enhancing additive called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl

(MMT). If such fuels are used, your Emission

Control System performance may be affected, and the Check Engine Light (malfunction indicator light) located on your instrument panel may light. If this occurs, please return your vehicle to a trained and qualified Volvo service technician for service.

Gasoline containing alcohol and ethers,

"Oxygenated fuels"

Some fuel suppliers sell gasoline containing

"oxygenates" which are usually alcohols or ethers. In some areas, state or local laws require that the service pump be marked indicating use of alcohols or ethers. However, there are areas in which the pumps are unmarked. If you are not sure whether there is alcohol or ethers in the gasoline you buy, check with the service station operator. To meet seasonal air quality standards, some areas require the use of "oxygenated" fuel.

Volvo allows the use of the following "oxygen-

ated" fuels; however, the octane ratings (p. 278)

listed must still be met.

Alcohol – Ethanol

Fuels containing up to 10% ethanol by volume may be used. Ethanol may also be referred to as

Ethyl alcohol, or "Gasohol".

Ethers – MTBE: Fuels containing up to

15% MTBE may be used.

Methanol

Do not use gasolines containing methanol

(methyl alcohol, wood alcohol). This practice can result in vehicle performance deterioration and can damage critical parts in the fuel system. Such damage may not be covered under the New

Vehicle Limited Warranty.

Refueling – octane rating

Volvo recommends premium fuel for best performance, but using 87 octane

11

or above will not affect engine reliability.

Minimum octane

Typical pump octane label

NOTE

Vehicles equipped with high performance 4cylinder engines require premium fuel. Consult your Volvo retailer if you are unsure about the fuel requirements for your vehicle.

TOP TIER Detergent Gasoline

Volvo endorses the use of “TOP TIER Detergent

Gasoline” where available to help maintain engine performance and reliability. TOP TIER Detergent

Gasoline meets a new standard jointly estab-

278

STARTING AND DRIVING lished by leading automotive manufactures to meet the needs of today’s advanced engines.

Qualifying gasoline retailers (stations) will, in most cases, identify their gasoline as having met the “TOP TIER Detergent Gasoline” standards.

NOTE

Information about TOP TIER Detergent Gasoline is available at www.toptiergas.com.

Demanding driving

In demanding driving conditions, such as operating the vehicle in hot weather, towing a trailer, or driving for extended periods at higher altitudes than normal, it may be advisable to switch to higher octane fuel (91 or higher) or to change gasoline brands to fully utilize your engine's capacity, and for the smoothest possible operation.

NOTE

When switching to higher octane fuel or changing gasoline brands, it may be necessary to fill the tank more than once before a difference in engine operation is noticeable.

Fuel Formulations

Do not use gasoline that contains lead as a knock inhibitor, and do not use lead additives.

Besides damaging the exhaust emission control systems on your vehicle, lead has been strongly linked to certain forms of cancer.

Many fuels contain benzene as a solvent.

Unburned benzene has been strongly linked to certain forms of cancer. If you live in an area where you must fill your own gas tank, take precautions. These may include:

• standing upwind away from the filler nozzle while refueling

• refueling only at gas stations with vapor recovery systems that fully seal the mouth of the filler neck during refueling

• wearing neoprene gloves while handling a fuel filler nozzle.

Use of Additives

With the exception of gas line antifreeze during winter months, do not add solvents, thickeners, or other store-bought additives to your vehicle's fuel, cooling, or lubricating systems. Overuse may damage your engine, and some of these additives contain organically volatile chemicals. Do not needlessly expose yourself to these chemicals.

11 AKI (ANTI KNOCK INDEX) is an average of the Research Octane Number (RON) and the Motor Octane Number (MON), MON+RON/2.

WARNING

Never carry a cell phone that is switched on while refueling your vehicle. If the phone rings, this may cause a spark that could ignite gasoline fumes, resulting in fire and injury.

WARNING

Carbon monoxide is a poisonous, colorless, and odorless gas. It is present in all exhaust gases. If you ever smell exhaust fumes inside the vehicle, make sure the passenger compartment is ventilated, and immediately return the vehicle to a trained and qualified Volvo service technician for correction.

Related information

Refueling – fuel requirements (p. 277)

279

280

STARTING AND DRIVING

Refueling – opening/closing fuel filler door

The fuel filler door is located on the right rear fender (indicated by an arrow beside the fuel tank symbol on the information display )

With the ignition switched off, press and release the button on the lighting panel to unlock the fuel filler door. Please note that the fuel filler door will remain unlocked until the vehicle begins to move forward. An audible click will be heard when the fuel filler door relocks.

If you intend to leave your vehicle while it is being refueled, this feature enables you to lock the doors/trunk while leaving the fuel filler door unlocked.

You can also keep the vehicle locked if you remain inside it during refueling. The central

• locking button does not lock the fuel filler door.

Be sure the fuel filler door is not obstructed and is completely closed after refueling.

Open the fuel filler cap slowly during hot weather.

Close the fuel filler door by pressing it; a click indicates that it is closed.

CAUTION

Avoid spilling gasoline during refueling. In addition to causing damage to the environment, gasolines containing alcohol can cause damage to painted surfaces, which may not be covered under the New Vehicle Limited

Warranty.

Manually opening the fuel filler door

1. Open the side hatch in the trunk (on the same side as the fuel filler door).

2. Grasp the handle on the green cord.

3. Gently pull the cord straight rearward until the fuel filler door clicks open.

Related information

Refueling – opening/closing fuel cap

(p. 281)

Refueling – fuel requirements (p. 277)

Refueling – octane rating (p. 278)

STARTING AND DRIVING

Refueling – opening/closing fuel cap

If necessary, the fuel filler door can be opened manually.

Opening/closing the fuel cap

Fuel vapor expands in hot weather. Open the filler cap slowly.

After refueling, close the fuel filler cap by turning it clockwise until it clicks into place.

CAUTION

Do not refuel with the engine running

12

.

Turn the ignition off or to position

I

. If the ignition is on, an incorrect reading could occur in the fuel gauge.

Avoid overfilling the fuel tank. Do not press the handle on the filler nozzle more than one extra time. Too much fuel in the tank in hot weather conditions can cause the fuel to overflow. Overfilling could also cause damage to the emission control systems.

Related information

Refueling – fuel requirements (p. 277)

Refueling – octane rating (p. 278)

Emission controls

Three-way catalytic converter

Keep your engine properly tuned. Certain engine malfunctions, particularly involving the electrical, fuel or distributor ignition systems, may cause unusually high three-way catalytic converter temperatures. Do not continue to operate your vehicle if you detect engine misfire, noticeable loss of power or other unusual operating conditions, such as engine overheating or backfiring. A properly tuned engine will help avoid malfunctions that could damage the three-way catalytic converter.

Do not park your vehicle over combustible materials, such as grass or leaves, which can come into contact with the hot exhaust system and cause such materials to ignite under certain wind and weather conditions.

Excessive starter cranking (in excess of one minute), or an intermittently firing or flooded engine can cause three-way catalytic converter or exhaust system overheating.

Remember that tampering or unauthorized modifications to the engine, the Engine Control Module, or the vehicle may be illegal and can cause three-way catalytic converter or exhaust system overheating. This includes: altering fuel injection settings or compo-

12 If the fuel filler cap is not closed tightly or if the engine is running when the vehicle is refueled, the Check Engine Light (malfunction indicator lamp) may indicate a fault. However, your vehicle's performance will not be affected. Use only Volvo original or approved fuel filler caps.

}}

281

STARTING AND DRIVING

|| nents, altering emission system components or location or removing components, and/or repeated use of leaded fuel.

NOTE

Unleaded fuel is required for vehicles with three-way catalytic converters.

Heated oxygen sensors

The heated oxygen sensors monitor the oxygen content of the exhaust gases. Readings are fed into a control module that continuously monitors engine functions and controls fuel injection. The ratio of fuel to air into the engine is continuously adjusted for efficient combustion to help reduce harmful emissions.

Related information

Information displays – warning symbols

(p. 69)

Engine and cooling system (p. 275)

Economical driving

Better driving economy may be obtained by thinking ahead, avoiding rapid starts and stops and adjusting the speed of your vehicle to immediate traffic conditions.

Economical driving conserves natural resources

Observe the following rules:

Bring the engine to normal operating temperature as soon as possible by driving with a light foot on the accelerator pedal for the first few minutes of operation. A cold engine uses more fuel and is subject to increased wear.

Whenever possible, avoid using the vehicle for driving short distances. This does not allow the engine to reach normal operating temperature.

Drive carefully and avoid rapid acceleration and hard braking.

Use the transmission's Drive (

D

) position as often as possible and avoid using kick-down.

Using the transmission's Sport mode

13

may increase fuel consumption somewhat. Use the transmission's Drive (

D

) position as often as possible. For additional information about

Sport mode, see Transmission – Geartronic

(p. 257).

Using the engine's optional Eco function can help improve fuel economy. For additional

information, see ECO

*

(p. 265).

Do not exceed posted speed limits.

Avoid carrying unnecessary items (extra load) in the vehicle.

Maintain correct tire pressure. Check tire pressure regularly (when tires are cold).

Remove snow tires when threat of snow or ice has ended.

Note that roof racks, ski racks, etc, increase air resistance and also fuel consumption.

At highway driving speeds, fuel consumption will be lower with the air conditioning on and the windows closed than with the air conditioning off and the windows open.

Using the onboard trip computer's fuel consumption modes can help you learn how to drive more economically.

Other factors that decrease gas mileage are:

Dirty air cleaner

Dirty engine oil and clogged oil filter

Dragging brakes

Incorrect front end alignment

13 Certain models only.

282 * Option/accessory.

Some of the above mentioned items and others are checked at the standard maintenance intervals.

WARNING

Driving with the trunk open:

Driving with the trunk open could lead to poisonous exhaust gases entering the passenger compartment. If the trunk must be kept open for any reason, proceed as follows:

Close the windows

Set the ventilation system control to air flow to floor, windshield and side windows and the blower control to its highest setting.

Handling and roadholding

At the specified curb weight your vehicle has a tendency to understeer, which means that the steering wheel has to be turned more than might seem appropriate for the curvature of a bend.

This ensures good stability and reduces the risk of rear wheel skid. Remember that these properties can alter with the vehicle load. The heavier the load in the trunk, the less the tendency to understeer.

Vehicle load, tire design and inflation pressure all affect vehicle handling. Therefore, check that the tires are inflated to the recommended pressure according to the vehicle load. Loads should be distributed so that

• capacity weight or maximum permissible axle loads are not exceeded.

At the specified curb weight your vehicle has a tendency to understeer, which means that the steering wheel has to be turned more than might seem appropriate for the curvature of a bend. This ensures good stability and reduces the risk of rear wheel skid.

Remember that these properties can alter with the vehicle load. The heavier the load in the trunk, the less the tendency to understeer.

Related information

Climate – general information (p. 120)

STARTING AND DRIVING

Towing a trailer

When towing a trailer, always observe the legal requirements of the state/province.

NOTE

For the maximum trailer and tongue weights

recommended by Volvo, see Weights (p. 371)

All Volvo models are equipped with energyabsorbing shock-mounted bumpers. Trailer hitch installation should not interfere with the proper operation of this bumper system.

Trailer towing does not normally present any particular problems, but take into consideration:

Increase tire pressure to recommended full pressure, see the tire inflation decal on the driver's door opening.

When your vehicle is new, avoid towing heavy trailers during the first 620 miles (1,000 km).

Maximum speed when towing a trailer:

50 mph (80 km/h).

Engine and transmission are subject to increased loads. Therefore, engine coolant temperature should be closely watched when driving in hot climates or hilly terrain. Use a lower gear and turn off the air conditioner if the temperature gauge needle enters the red range.

}}

283

STARTING AND DRIVING

||

If the automatic transmission begins to overheat, a message will be displayed in the text window.

Avoid overload and other abusive operation.

Hauling a trailer affects handling, durability, and economy.

It is necessary to balance trailer brakes with the towing vehicle brakes to provide a safe stop (check and observe state/local regulations).

Do not connect the trailer's brake system directly to the vehicle's brake system.

More frequent vehicle maintenance is required.

Remove the ball holder when the hitch is not being used.

NOTE

When parking the vehicle with a trailer on a hill, apply the parking brake before putting the gear selector in

P

. Always follow the trailer manufacturer's recommendations for wheel chocking.

When starting on a hill, put the gear selector in

D

before releasing the parking brake.

If you use the manual (Geartronic) shift positions while towing a trailer, make sure the gear you select does not put too much strain on the engine (using too high a gear).

The drawbar assembly/trailer hitch may be rated for trailers heavier than the vehicle is designed to tow. Please adhere to

Volvo's recommended trailer weights.

Avoid driving with a trailer on inclines of more than 15%.

CAUTION

The maximum trailer weights listed are only applicable for altitudes up to 3,280 ft

(1000 m) above sea level. With increasing altitude the engine power and therefore the car's climbing ability are impaired because of the reduced air density, so the maximum trailer weight has to be reduced accordingly.

The weight of the vehicle and trailer must be reduced by 10% for every further 3,280 ft

(1,000 m) (or part thereof). When towing

5,000 lbs (2,250 kg) hill inclination is restricted to 14%.

284

WARNING

Bumper-attached trailer hitches must not be used on Volvos, nor should safety chains be attached to the bumper.

Trailer hitches attaching to the vehicle rear axle must not be used.

Never connect a trailer's hydraulic brake system directly to the vehicle brake system, nor a trailer's lighting system directly to the vehicle lighting system. Consult your nearest authorized Volvo retailer for correct installation.

When towing a trailer, the trailer's safety chains or wire must be correctly fastened to the attachment points provided in the trailer hitch on the vehicle. The safety chain or wire must never be fastened to or wound around the towing ball.

Trailer cable

An adapter is required if the vehicle's trailer hitch has a 13-pin connector and the trailer has 7 pins.

Use an adapter cable approved by Volvo. Make sure the cable does not drag on the ground.

Related information

Loading – general (p. 138)

Trailer Stability Assist (TSA)

Trailer Stability Assist is a system designed to help stabilize a vehicle that is towing a trailer when the vehicle and trailer have begun to sway and is part of the stability system. For information

on the stability system, see Stability system – introduction (p. 166)

Function

A vehicle towing a trailer may begin to sway for various reasons. Normally this only occurs at high speeds but, for example, if the trailer is overloaded or if the load is unevenly distributed in the trailer, there is risk of swaying at speeds between approximately 45-55 mph (70-90 km/h).

Swaying may be caused by factors such as:

The vehicle and trailer are hit by a sudden, strong crosswind

The vehicle and trailer are traveling on an uneven road surface or drive over a bump

Sudden movements of the steering wheel

Facts about TSA

TSA intervenes at speeds above approximately 40 mph (60 km/h)

The stability system symbol in the instrument panel will flash when TSA is working

If the driver switches off the stability system's

Spin Control function, TSA will also be switched off (but will be on again the next time the engine is started)

STARTING AND DRIVING

TSA may not intervene when the vehicle and trailer begin to sway if the driver tries to compensate for the swaying motion by moving the steering wheel rapidly

How TSA works

Once swaying has begun, it can be very difficult to stop, which makes it difficult to control the vehicle and trailer.

The TSA system continuously monitors the vehicle's movements, particularly lateral movement. If the system detects a tendency to sway, the brakes are applied individually on the front wheels, which has a stabilizing effect on the vehicle and trailer. This is often enough to enable the driver to regain control of the vehicle.

If this is not adequate to stop the swaying motion, the brakes are applied to all of the wheels on the vehicle and on the trailer if it is equipped with brakes, and engine power is temporarily reduced.

As the swaying motion begins to decrease and the vehicle-trailer have once again become stable, TSA will now stop regulating the brakes/ engine power and the driver regains control of the vehicle.

Related information

Towing a trailer (p. 283)

Loading – general (p. 138)

285

286

STARTING AND DRIVING

Towing the vehicle

Always check with state and local authorities before attempting to tow another vehicle because this type of towing is subject to regulations regarding maximum towing speed, length and type of towing device, lighting, etc.

1. With the remote key fully pressed into the ignition slot

14

, press

START/STOP ENGINE for approximately 2 seconds to activate ignition mode

II

.

2. The remote key must remain in the ignition slot

15

for the entire time that the vehicle is being towed.

3. Keep the tow rope taut when the towing vehicle slows down by applying light pressure on the brake pedal. This will help prevent jarring movements of the vehicle being towed.

4. Be prepared to apply the brakes to stop the vehicle being towed.

CAUTION

General towing precautions:

Please check with state and local authorities before attempting this type of towing, as vehicles being towed are subject to regulations regarding maximum towing speed, length and type of towing device, lighting, etc.

If the vehicle's battery is dead, see Jump starting (p. 254) to provide current for

releasing the electric parking brake and to move the gear selector from the

P position to

N

. If this is not possible, see

Transmission – shiftlock override (p. 259)

for information about manually overriding the shiftlock system to move the gear selector from

P

to

N

.

Maximum speed: 50 mph (80 km/h). Do not exceed the maximum allowable towing speed.

Maximum distance with front wheels on ground: 50 miles (80 km).

The vehicle should only be towed in the forward direction.

Related information

Towing eyelet (p. 286)

Remote key – functions (p. 147)

14

15

Not necessary in vehicles with the optional keyless drive.

For vehicles with the optional keyless drive, the remote key must be in the vehicle.

Towing eyelet

When used, the towing eyelet should always be securing attached.

Location of the towing eyelet

Removing the front/rear covers

Attaching the towing eyelet

The towing eyelet is located under the floor of the trunk. This eyelet must be screwed into the positions provided on the right sides of either the front or rear bumper (see illustration).

There are two different types of covers over the openings for the towing eyelet and they have to be opened differently.

If the cover has a notch, insert a coin, etc., into the notch and pry open the edge of the cover. Open the cover completely and remove it.

If the cover has a mark along one edge or in a corner, press the mark while prying out the opposite side/corner using a coin, etc. Open the cover and remove it.

Screw the towing eyelet in place, first by hand and then using the tire iron until it is securely in place.

After the vehicle has been towed, the eyelet should be removed and returned to its storage location.

Press the cover for the attachment point back into position.

WARNING

When the vehicle is being towed, the ignition should be in mode

II

(in mode

I

, all of the vehicle's airbags are deactivated). For

more information, see Ignition modes

(p. 74)

Never remove the remote key from the ignition slot when the vehicle is being towed. For vehicles with keyless drive, the remote key must remain inside the vehicle.

The power brakes and power steering will not function when the engine is not running. Approximately 5 times more pressure will be required on the brake pedal and the steering wheel will be considerably harder to turn.

The towing eyelets must not be used for pulling the vehicle out of a ditch or for any similar purpose involving severe strain.

Related information

Towing the vehicle (p. 286)

Towing by tow truck (p. 287)

STARTING AND DRIVING

Towing by tow truck

When necessary, call for professional help from an authorized towing company. Volvo recommends the use of flat bed equipment.

CAUTION

In certain conditions, the towing eyelet may be used to pull the vehicle onto a flatbed tow truck.

The vehicle's position and ground clearance determine if it can be pulled up onto a flatbed tow truck using the towing eyelet.

If the angle of the tow truck’s ramp is too steep or the ground clearance under the vehicle is insufficient, damage could occur by attempting to pull the vehicle using the towing eyelet.

If necessary, lift the vehicle using the tow truck’s lifting device.

WARNING

No person or object should be behind the tow truck while the vehicle is being pulled up onto the flatbed.

}}

287

STARTING AND DRIVING

||

CAUTION

The vehicle should always be towed in the forward direction.

Vehicles with All Wheel Drive (AWD)

* that are being towed with the front wheels off the ground should not be towed at a speed above approx. 45 mph

(70 km/h) and should not be towed farther than 30 miles (50 km).

Related information

Towing eyelet (p. 286)

288 * Option/accessory.

WHEELS AND TIRES

290

WHEELS AND TIRES

Tires – general information

Your vehicle is equipped with tires according to the vehicle's tire information placard on the Bpillar (the structural member at the side of the vehicle, at the rear of the driver's door opening).

Introduction

CAUTION

Some Volvo models are equipped with an

Ultra High Performance tire and wheel combination designed to provide maximum dry pavement performance with consideration for hydroplaning resistance. They may be more susceptible to road hazard damage and, depending on driving conditions, may achieve a tread life of less than 20,000 miles (30,000 km). Even if this vehicle is equipped with Volvo’s advanced AWD or stability system, these tires are not designed for winter driving, and should be replaced with winter tires when weather conditions dictate.

The tires have good road holding characteristics and offer good handling on dry and wet surfaces.

It should be noted however that the tires have been developed to give these features on snow/ ice-free surfaces.

Most models are equipped with "all-season" tires, which provide a somewhat higher degree of road holding on slippery surfaces than tires without the "all-season" rating. However, for optimum road holding on icy or snow-covered roads, we recommend suitable winter tires on all four wheels.

When replacing tires, be sure that the new tires are the same size designation, type (radial) and preferably from the same manufacturer, on all four wheels. Otherwise there is a risk of altering the car's roadholding and handling characteristics.

Tire rotation

Your vehicle has no required tire rotation. Tire wear is affected by a number of factors such as tire inflation, ambient temperature, driving style, etc.

NOTE

If the tires are rotated, they should only be moved from front to rear or vice versa.

They should never be rotated left to right/right to left.

Ideally, tire rotation should be done the first time after approximately 3,000 miles

(5,000 km) and thereafter at 6,000-mile

(10,000-km) intervals. Some customers find that tire rotation may help to get extra mileage from tire life.

Tire rotation should only be performed if front/rear tire wear is fairly even and tread height is above 1/16" (1.6 mm).

Related information

Tire specifications (p. 300)

Changing a wheel – direction of rotation

(p. 293)

Tires – tread wear indicator (p. 292)

WHEELS AND TIRES

Tires – storage and age

When storing complete wheels (tires mounted on rims), they should be suspended off the floor or placed on their sides on the floor.

New Tires

Remember that tires are perishable goods. As of

2000, the manufacturing week and year (Department of Transportation (DOT) stamp) will be indicated with 4 digits (e.g., 1513 means that the tire illustrated was manufactured during week 15 of

2013).

Tire age

Tires degrade over time, even when they are not being used. It is recommended that tires generally be replaced after 6 years of normal service.

Heat caused by hot climates, frequent high loading conditions or Ultra Violet (U.V.) exposure can

1 Option or accessory on some models accelerate the aging process. The temporary spare

1

should also be replaced at 6-year intervals, even if it has never been used.

A tire's age can be determined by the DOT stamp on the sidewall (see the illustration).

A tire with e.g., visible cracks or discoloration should be replaced immediately.

Storing wheels and tires

When storing completes wheels (tires mounted on rims), they should be suspended off the floor or placed on their sides on the floor.

Tires not mounted on rims should be stored on their sides or standing upright, but should not be suspended.

CAUTION

Tires should preferably be stored in a cool, dry, dark place, and should never be stored in close proximity to solvents, gasoline, oils, etc.

WARNING

The wheel and tire sizes for your Volvo are specified to meet stringent stability and handling requirements. Unapproved wheel/tire size combinations can negatively affect your vehicle's stability and handling.

Any damage caused by installation of unapproved wheel/tire size combinations will not be covered by your new vehicle warranty. Volvo assumes no responsibility for death, injury, or expenses that may result from such installations.

Related information

Tire specifications (p. 300)

Tire specifications (p. 300)

Changing a wheel – direction of rotation

(p. 293)

Tires – tread wear indicator (p. 292)

291

292

WHEELS AND TIRES

Tires – tread wear indicator

The tires have wear indicator strips running across or parallel to the tread.

Tires – storage and age (p. 291)

The letters

TWI

are printed on the side of the tire.

When approximately 1/16" (1.6 mm) is left on the tread, these strips become visible and indicate that the tire should be replaced. Tires with less than 1/16" (1.6 mm) tread offer very poor traction.

When replacing worn tires, it is recommended that the tire be identical in type (radial) and size as the one being replaced. Using a tire of the same make (manufacturer) will prevent alteration of the driving characteristics of the vehicle.

Related information

Tire specifications (p. 300)

Changing a wheel – direction of rotation

(p. 293)

Tires – tire economy

A smooth driving style and correct inflation pressure can help prolong the tires' service life.

Maintain correct tire pressure. The tire inflation table, see the tire inflation decal on the driver's door opening.

Avoid fast starts, hard braking and tire screeching.

Tire wear increases with speed.

Correct front wheel alignment is very important.

Unbalanced wheels impair tire economy and driving comfort.

Tires must maintain the same direction of rotation throughout their lifetime.

When replacing tires, the tires with the most tread should be mounted on the rear wheels to reduce the chance of oversteer during hard braking.

Hitting curbs or potholes can damage the tires and/or wheels permanently.

Changing a wheel – direction of rotation

Incorrectly mounted tires impair the car's braking properties and ability to force aside rain, snow and slush.

Summer and winter tires

Related information

Tire specifications (p. 300)

Tires – storage and age (p. 291)

Tires – tread wear indicator (p. 292)

WHEELS AND TIRES

Changing a wheel – removing wheel

Wheel changes should always be carried out correctly.

The arrows shows the direction of rotation of the tire

The tires with the most tread should always be on the rear axle (to help reduce the risk of skidding).

When switching between summer and winter tires, mark the tires to indicate where they were mounted on the car, e.g., LF = left front,

RR = right rear

Tires with tread designed to roll in only one direction are marked with an arrow on the sidewall.

Contact a Volvo workshop if you are unsure about the tread depth.

The jack

*

, towing eyelet and tools

*

are stowed under the floor of the trunk.

Changing a wheel

1. Apply the parking brake and put the gear selector in

P

.

2. Take out the jack

*

, lug wrench

*

, the tool for removing the plastic covers on the wheel nuts, the towing eyelet and the wheel cover removal tool (certain models only) stowed under the floor of the trunk.

}}

* Option/accessory.

293

WHEELS AND TIRES

||

3.

294

Tool for removing the plastic covers on the wheel nuts

Remove the wheel cover (where applicable) using the removal tool or remove the wheel cover by hand.

4. Block the wheels that are on the ground with wooden blocks or large stones.

Lug wrench and towing eyelet

5. Screw the towing eyelet into the lug wrench as shown in the illustration.

CAUTION

The towing eyelet must be screwed into the lug wrench as far as possible.

6. With the vehicle still on the ground, remove the plastic covers on the wheel nuts with the tool provided and use the lug wrench/towing eyelet to loosen the wheel nuts ½ – 1 turn by exerting downward (counterclockwise) pressure.

Jack attachment points

7. There are two jack attachment points on each side of the vehicle. Position the jack under the attachment point to be used on a level, firm, non-slippery surface and crank it up until it is correctly aligned and seated in the attachment point. Before raising the vehicle, check that the jack is still correctly positioned in the attachment.

8. Raise the vehicle until the wheel to be changed is lifted off the ground.

9. Unscrew the wheel nuts completely and remove the wheel.

WARNING

The jack must correctly engage the jack attachment.

Be sure the jack is on a firm, level, nonslippery surface.

Never allow any part of your body to be extended under a vehicle supported by a jack.

Use the jack intended for the vehicle when changing a tire. For any other job, use stands to support the vehicle.

Apply the parking brake and put the gear selector in the Park (

P

) position.

Block the wheels standing on the ground, use rigid wooden blocks or large stones.

The jack should be kept well-greased and clean, and should not be damaged.

No objects should be placed between the base of jack and the ground, or between the jack and the attachment bar on the vehicle.

WHEELS AND TIRES

NOTE

The jack provided with your vehicle is intended to be used only in temporary situations such as changing wheels in the event of a flat tire. Only the jack that came with your particular model should be used to lift the vehicle. If the vehicle needs to be lifted more frequently or for a prolonged period, using a garage jack or hoist is recommended. Always follow this device’s instructions for use.

Related information

Changing a wheel – installing a wheel

(p. 297)

295

296

WHEELS AND TIRES

Changing a wheel – spare wheel

Wheel changes should always be carried out correctly.

Spare tire

A spare tire can be purchased for your vehicle as an accessory. Follow the instructions included with the spare tire regarding use and stowing in

the vehicle. See also Changing a wheel – removing wheel (p. 293) for additional information.

Spare wheel

The following instructions only apply if you have purchased a temporary spare wheel

*

for your vehicle.

If there is no temporary spare wheel in your vehi-

cle, please see Tire sealing system

*

– general information (p. 314) for instructions on using the

tire sealing system.

The accessory temporary spare wheel is provided in a bag that must be securely strapped in place in the trunk while the vehicle is being driven.

The spare wheel is only intended for temporary use. Replace it with a normal wheel as soon as possible. The vehicle's handling may be altered by the use of the spare wheel. The correct tire pressure is stated in the tire pressure table, see the tire inflation decal on the driver's door opening.

Turn the handle on the spare wheel bag in toward the rear seat. Secure the stitched strap hooks in the loading eyelets. Secure the long strap in one of the loading eyelets, wrap the strap around the spare wheel and through the lower handle. Secure the short strap on the long strap.

Secure in the other loading eyelet and tighten.

WARNING

Current legislation prohibits the use of the

“Temporary Spare” tire other than as a temporary replacement for a punctured tire. It must be replaced as soon as possible by a standard tire. Road holding and handling may be affected with the “Temporary Spare” in use.

CAUTION

The vehicle must never be driven with more than one temporary spare wheel.

Related information

Changing a wheel – installing a wheel

(p. 297)

Changing a wheel – removing wheel (p. 293)

* Option/accessory.

Changing a wheel – accessing the spare wheel

The following procedure explains how to access the spare wheel (where applicable).

1. Release the bag's retaining straps.

2. Lift the bag out of the vehicle and remove the spare wheel from the bag.

3. Fold up the floor hatch in the trunk.

4. Remove the jack

*

and tools

*

from the foam block and change the wheels (see the instructions in the following section "Changing a wheel").

5. After changing wheels, return the jack and tools to the foam block and close the floor hatch.

6. If possible, place the wheel with the punctured tire in the bag.

7. If there is a wheel in the bag, strap the bag securely in place in the trunk.

WARNING

If there is a wheel in the bag, the bag must be securely restrained using its straps and the load anchoring eyelets in the trunk.

See (p. 296) and carefully follow the

instructions.

If the wheel with the punctured tire is too big to fit in the bag, it should be securely restrained in the trunk using suitable straps, a net for anchoring cargo, etc.

WHEELS AND TIRES

Changing a wheel – installing a wheel

It is important to re-install wheels properly.

Re-installing the wheel

1. Clean the contact surfaces on the wheel and hub.

2. Lift the wheel and place it on the hub.

Tighten the wheel nuts

3. Install the wheel nuts and tighten hand-tight.

Using the lug wrench, tighten crosswise until all nuts are snug.

4. Lower the vehicle to the ground and alternately tighten the bolts crosswise to

103 ft. lbs. (140 Nm).

}}

* Option/accessory.

297

WHEELS AND TIRES

||

5. Press the plastic covers onto the wheel nuts and Install the wheel cover (where applicable). The opening in the wheel cover for the tire's inflation valve must be positioned over the valve.

Related information

Changing a wheel – spare wheel (p. 296)

Changing a wheel – removing wheel (p. 293)

Tire inflation – general information

Check tire inflation pressure regularly.

Inflation placard

Tire inflation placard

Tire inflation

See the tire inflation decal on the driver's door opening. This decal indicates the designation of the factory-mounted tires on your vehicle, as well as load limits and inflation pressure.

NOTE

The placards shown indicate inflation pressure for the tires installed on the vehicle at the factory only.

A certain amount of air seepage from the tires occurs naturally and tire pressure fluctuates with seasonal changes in temperature. Always check tire pressure regularly.

Use a tire gauge to check the tire inflation pressure, including the spare

2

, at least once a month and before long trips. You are strongly urged to buy a reliable tire pressure gauge, as automatic service station gauges may be inaccurate.

Use the recommended cold inflation pressure for optimum tire performance and wear.

Under-inflation or over-inflation may cause uneven treadwear patterns.

298

2 Available as an accessory

WARNING

Under-inflation is the most common cause of tire failure and may result in severe tire cracking, tread separation, or

"blow-out," with unexpected loss of vehicle control and increased risk of injury.

Under-inflated tires reduce the load carrying capacity of your vehicle.

When weather temperature changes occur, tire inflation pressures also change. A 10-degree temperature drop causes a corresponding drop of 1 psi (7 kPa) in inflation pressure. Check your tire pressures frequently and adjust them to the proper pressure, which can be found on the vehicle's tire information placard or certification label.

Related information

Tire specifications (p. 300)

Tires – storage and age (p. 291)

Tires – tread wear indicator (p. 292)

WHEELS AND TIRES

Tire inflation – checking pressure

Inflation pressure should be checked when the tires are cold.

Cold tires

The tires are considered to be cold when they have the same temperature as the surrounding (ambient) air.

This temperature is normally reached after the vehicle has been parked for at least 3 hours.

After driving a distance of approximately 1 mile

(1.6 km), the tires are considered to be hot. If you have to drive farther than this distance to pump your tire(s), check and record the tire pressure first and add the appropriate air pressure when you get to the pump.

If checking tire pressure when the tire is hot, never "bleed" or reduce air pressure. The tires are hot from driving and it is normal for pressures to increase above recommended cold pressures.

A hot tire at or below recommended cold inflation pressure could be significantly under-inflated.

To check inflation pressure:

1. Remove the cap from the valve on one tire, then firmly press the tire gauge onto the valve.

2. Add air to reach the recommended air pressure.

3. Replace the valve cap.

CAUTION

After inflating the tires, always reinstall the valve cap to help avoid damage to the valve from dirt, gravel, etc.

Use plastic valve caps only. Metal caps could corrode and become difficult to remove.

4. Visually inspect the tires to make sure there are no nails or other objects embedded that could puncture the tire and cause an air leak.

5. Check the sidewalls to make sure there are no gouges, cuts, bulges or other irregularities.

6. Repeat this procedure for each tire, including the spare

3

.

NOTE

If you overfill the tire, release air by pushing on the metal stem in the center of the valve. Then recheck the pressure with your tire gauge.

Some spare tires (available as an accessory) require higher inflation pressure than the other tires. Consult the tire infla-

3 Available as an accessory

299

WHEELS AND TIRES

|| tion pressure table or see the inflation pressure placard.

Related information

Tire specifications (p. 300)

Tires – storage and age (p. 291)

Tires – tread wear indicator (p. 292)

Tire specifications

The following information can be found on a tire's sidewall.

Tire ratings

Speed ratings

The speed ratings in the table translate as follow:

V

W

Y

Speed ratings

T

H

M

Q

81 mph (130 km/h)

100 mph (160 km/h)

118 mph (190 km/h)

130 mph (210 km/h)

149 mph (240 km/h)

168 mph (270 km/h)

186 mph (300 km/h)

Information on the sidewall

Federal law mandates that tire manufacturers place standardized information on the sidewall of all tires (see the illustration).

The following information is listed on the tire sidewall:

The tire designation:

NOTE

Please be aware that the following tire designation is an example only

and that this particular tire may not be available on your vehicle.

300

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

215

: the width of the tire (in millimeters) from sidewall edge to sidewall edge. The larger the number, the wider the tire.

65

: The ratio of the tire's height to its width in percent.

R

: Radial tire (the designation

RF

and the

symbol indicate that the vehicle is equipped with optional self-supporting run flat tires

4

.

15

: The diameter of the wheel rim (in inches).

95

: The tire's load index. In this example, a load index of 95 equals a maximum load of

1521 lbs (690 kg).

H

: The tire's speed rating, or the maximum speed at which the tire is designed to be driven for extended periods of time, carrying a permissible load for the vehicle, and with correct inflation pressure. For example, H indicates a speed rating of 130 mph

(210 km/h).

NOTE

The tire's load index and speed rating may not appear on the sidewall because they are not required by law.

WHEELS AND TIRES

7.

8.

9.

M+S or M/S

= Mud and Snow,

AT

= All Terrain,

AS

= All Season

U.S. DOT Tire Identification Number

(TIN)

: This begins with the letters "DOT" and indicates that the tire meets all federal standards. The next two numbers or letters are the plant code where it was manufactured, the next two are the tire size code and the last four numbers represent the week and year the tire was built. For example,

1510 means that the tire was manufactured during week 15 of 2010. The numbers in between are marketing codes used at the manufacturer's discretion. This information helps a tire manufacturer identify a tire for safety recall purposes.

Tire Ply Composition and Material Used

:

Indicates the number of plies indicates or the number of layers of rubber-coated fabric in the tire tread and sidewall. Tire manufacturers also must indicate the ply materials in the tire and the sidewall, which include steel, nylon, polyester, and others.

10.

11.

Maximum Load

: Indicates the maximum load in pounds and kilograms that can be carried by the tire. Refer to the vehicle's tire information placard located on the B-Pillar for the correct tire pressure for your vehicle.

Treadwear, Traction, and Temperature grades

: see Tire specifications – Uniform

12.

Tire Quality Grading (p. 304) for more infor-

mation.

Maximum permissible inflation pressure: the greatest amount of air pressure that should ever be put in the tire. This limit is set by the tire manufacturer.

4 Self-supporting run flat tires may not be available on all models

301

302

WHEELS AND TIRES

Loading specifications

Properly loading your vehicle will provide maximum return of vehicle design performance.

Before loading your vehicle, familiarize yourself with the following terms for determining your vehicle's weight ratings, with or without a trailer, from the vehicle's Federal/Canadian Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS/CMVSS) label, and the vehicle's tire information placard:

Curb weight

The weight of the vehicle including a full tank of fuel and all standard equipment. It does not include passengers, cargo, or optional equipment.

Capacity weight

All weight added to the curb weight, including cargo and optional equipment. When towing, trailer hitch tongue load is also part of cargo weight.

Permissible axle weight

The maximum allowable weight that can be carried by a single axle (front or rear). These numbers are shown on the Federal/Canadian Motor

Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS/CMVSS) label.

The total load on each axle must never exceed its maximum permissible weight.

Gross vehicle weight (GVW)

The vehicle's curb weight + cargo + passengers.

NOTE

The location of the various labels in your

vehicle, see Label information (p. 366).

A table listing important weight limits for

your vehicle, see Weights (p. 371).

Loading specifications – load limit

The load limit of your vehicle is the combined weight of the occupants and cargo.

Steps for Determining Correct Load

Limit

1. Locate the statement "the combined weight of occupants and cargo should never exceed

XXX kg or XXX lbs." on your vehicle's placard.

2. Determine the combined weight of the driver and passengers that will be riding in your vehicle.

3. Subtract the combined weight of the driver and passengers from XXX kg or XXX lbs.

4. The resulting figure equals the available amount of cargo and luggage load capacity.

For example, if the "XXX" amount equals

1400 lbs. and there will be five 150 lb. passengers in your vehicle, the amount of available cargo and luggage load capacity is

650 lbs. (1400 – 750 (5 × 150) = 650 lbs.)

5. Determine the combined weight of luggage and cargo being loaded on the vehicle. That weight may not safely exceed the available cargo and luggage load capacity calculated in Step 4.

6. If your vehicle will be towing a trailer, load from your trailer will be transferred to your vehicle. Consult this manual to determine how this reduces the available cargo and luggage load capacity of your vehicle.

WARNING

Exceeding the permissible axle weight, gross vehicle weight, or any other weight rating limits can cause tire overheating resulting in permanent deformation or catastrophic failure.

Do not use replacement tires with lower load carrying capacities than the tires that were original equipment on the vehicle because this will lower the vehicle's GVW rating. Use only tires with the correct load carrying capacity. Consult your Volvo retailer for information.

Tire specifications – terminology

The following is a glossary of tire-related terms.

The tire suppliers may have additional markings, notes or warnings such as standard load, radial tubeless, etc.

Tire information placard

: A placard showing the OE (Original Equipment) tire sizes, recommended inflation pressure, and the maximum weight the vehicle can carry.

Tire Identification Number (TIN)

: A number on the sidewall of each tire providing information about the tire brand and manufacturing plant, tire size and date of manufacturer.

Inflation pressure

: A measure of the amount of air in a tire.

Standard load

: A class of P-metric or Metric tires designed to carry a maximum load at

35 psi [37 psi (2.5 bar) for Metric tires].

Increasing the inflation pressure beyond this pressure will not increase the tires load carrying capability.

Extra load

: A class of P-metric or Metric tires designed to carry a heavier maximum load at 41 psi [43 psi (2.9 bar) for Metric tires]. Increasing the inflation pressure beyond this pressure will not increase the tire's load carrying capability.

kPa

: Kilopascal, a metric unit of air pressure.

PSI

: Pounds per square inch, a standard unit of air pressure.

WHEELS AND TIRES

B-pillar

: The structural member at the side of the vehicle behind the front door.

Bead area of the tire

: Area of the tire next to the rim.

Sidewall of the tire

: Area between the bead area and the tread.

Tread area of the tire

: Area of the perimeter of the tire that contacts the road when mounted on the vehicle.

Rim

: The metal support (wheel) for a tire or a tire and tube assembly upon which the tire beads are seated.

Maximum load rating

: a figure indicating the maximum load in pounds and kilograms that can be carried by the tire. This rating is established by the tire manufacturer.

Maximum permissible inflation pressure

: the greatest amount of air pressure that should ever be put in the tire. This limit is set by the tire manufacturer.

Recommended tire inflation pressure

: inflation pressure, established by Volvo, which is based on the type of tires that are mounted on a vehicle at the factory. This information can be found on the tire inflation placard(s) located on the driver's side B-pillar and in the tire inflation table in this chapter.

Cold tires

: The tires are considered to be cold when they have the same temperature as the surrounding (ambient) air. This tem-

}}

303

304

WHEELS AND TIRES perature is normally reached after the vehicle has been parked for at least 3 hours.

Tire specifications – Uniform Tire

Quality Grading

ALL PASSENGER VEHICLE TIRES MUST

CONFORM TO FEDERAL SAFETY REQUIRE-

MENTS IN ADDITION TO THESE GRADES

.

Quality grades can be found, where applicable, on the tire sidewall between the tread shoulder and maximum section width. For example:

Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A

TREADWEAR

The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled conditions on a specified government test course. For example, a tire graded

150 would wear one and one half (1 ½) times as well on the government course as a tire graded

100. The relative performance of tires depends upon the actual conditions of their use, however, and many depart significantly from the norm due to variation in driving habits, maintenance practices and differences in road characteristics and climate.

TRACTION

The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are

AA, A, B, and C, as measured under controlled conditions on specified government test surfaces of asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor traction performance. The traction grade assigned to this tire is based on braking

(straight-ahead) traction tests and is not a measure of cornering (turning) traction.

WARNING

The traction grade assigned to this tire is based on braking (straight-ahead) traction tests and is not a measure of cornering (turning) traction.

TEMPERATURE

The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C, representing the tire's resistance to the generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested under controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire failure.

The grade C corresponds to a minimum level of performance that all passenger vehicle tires must meet under the Federal Motor Safety Standard

No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of performance on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by law.

WARNING

The temperature grade for this tire is established for a tire that is properly inflated and not overloaded. Excessive speed, under-inflation, or excessive loading, either separately or in combination, can cause heat buildup and tire failure.

Snow chains

Snow chains can be used on your Volvo with the following restrictions:

Snow chains should be installed on front wheels only. Use only Volvo approved snow chains.

If accessory, aftermarket or "custom" tires and wheels are installed and are of a size different than the original tires and wheels, chains in some cases CANNOT be used.

Sufficient clearances between chains and brakes, suspension and body components must be maintained.

Some strap-on type chains will interfere with brake components and therefore CANNOT be used.

All Wheel Drive models

: Snow chains should only be installed on the front wheels.

Certain size tires may not allow the assembly of snow chains/traction devices.

Consult your Volvo retailer for additional snow chain information.

WHEELS AND TIRES

CAUTION

Check local regulations regarding the use of snow chains before installing.

Use single-sided snow chains only.

Always follow the chain manufacturer's installation instructions carefully. Install chains as tightly as possible and retighten periodically.

Never exceed the chain manufacturer's specified maximum speed limit. (Under no circumstances should you exceed

31 mph (50 km/h).

Avoid bumps, holes or sharp turns when driving with snow chains.

The handling of the vehicle can be adversely affected when driving with chains. Avoid fast or sharp turns as well as locked wheel braking.

305

306

WHEELS AND TIRES

Snow tires/studded tires

5

Owners who live in or regularly commute through areas with sustained periods of snow or icy driving conditions are strongly advised to fit suitable winter tires to help retain the highest degree of traction.

Tires for winter use:

It is important to install winter tires on all four wheels to help retain traction during cornering, braking, and accelerating. Failure to do so could reduce traction to an unsafe level or adversely affect handling.

Do not mix tires of different design as this could also negatively affect overall tire road grip.

Winter tires wear more quickly on dry roads in warm weather. They should be removed when the winter driving season has ended.

Studded tires should be run-in 300 –

600 miles (500 – 1000 km) during which the vehicle should be driven as smoothly as possible to give the studs the opportunity to seat properly in the tires. The tires should have the same rotational direction throughout their entire lifetime.

NOTE

Please consult state or provincial regulations restricting the use of studded winter tires before installing such tires.

Tire pressure monitoring - overview

Volvo provides two different systems to monitor tire pressure: Tire Pressure Monitoring System

(TPMS) or Tire Monitor.

Determining which tire monitoring system is in your vehicle

To see which system is installed in your vehicle, press the

MY CAR

button on the center console.

Go to

Settings Car settings

.

If your vehicle has a menu called

Tire monitoring

, see Tire Monitor - introduction

(p. 307).

If your vehicle has a menu called

Tire pressure

, see Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) – general information (p. 310).

Introduction

Each tire, including the spare

6

(if provided), should be checked monthly when cold and inflated to the inflation pressure recommended by the vehicle manufacturer on the vehicle placard or tire inflation pressure label. (If your vehicle has tires of a different size than the size indicated on the vehicle placard or tire inflation pressure label, you should determine the proper tire inflation pressure for those tires.)

As an added safety feature, your vehicle has been equipped with a tire pressure monitoring

5 Where permitted

6 Available as an accessory

system that illuminates a low tire pressure telltale

( ) when one or more of your tires is significantly under-inflated. Accordingly, when the low tire pressure telltale illuminates, you should stop and check your tires as soon as possible, and inflate them to the proper pressure.

Driving on a significantly under-inflated tire causes the tire to overheat and can lead to tire failure. Under-inflation also reduces fuel efficiency and tire tread life, and may affect the vehicle's handling and stopping ability. Please note that a tire pressure monitoring system is not a substitute for proper tire maintenance, and it is the driver's responsibility to maintain correct tire pressure, even if under-inflation has not reached the level to trigger illumination of the system's low tire pressure telltale.

Your vehicle has also been equipped with a

TPMS malfunction indicator to indicate when the system is not operating properly. The monitoring system's malfunction indicator is combined with the low tire pressure telltale.

When the system detects a malfunction, the telltale will flash for approximately one minute and then remain continuously illuminated. This sequence will continue upon subsequent vehicle start-ups as long as the malfunction exists. When the malfunction indicator is illuminated, the system may not be able to detect or signal low tire pressure as intended.

System malfunctions may occur for a variety of reasons, including the installation of replacement or alternate tires or wheels on the vehicle that prevent the tire pressure monitoring system from functioning properly.

Always check the system's malfunction telltale after replacing one or more tires or wheels on your vehicle to ensure that the replacement or alternate tires and wheels allow the system to continue to function properly.

NOTE

The system indicates low tire pressure but does not replace normal tire maintenance. For information on correct tire pressure, please refer to the tire inflation decal on the driver's door opening or consult your Volvo retailer.

WARNING

Incorrect inflation pressure could lead to tire failure, resulting in a loss of control of the vehicle.

Related information

Tire Monitor - introduction (p. 307)

Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) – general information (p. 310)

WHEELS AND TIRES

Tire Monitor - introduction

Tire Monitor uses the rotational speed of the tires in combination with signal analysis of the

ABS sensor signals to determine if they are properly inflated.

When a tire is under-inflated, its diameter (and consequently also its rotational speed) changes.

By comparing the individual tires with each other it is possible to determine if one or more tires are under inflated.

When low inflation pressure is detected or if the system is not functioning properly, Tire Monitor will light up the tire pressure warning light

( ) (also referred to as a telltale) in the instrument panel and will display one of several messages in the text window, for example:

Tire pressure low Check tires

. Adjust the inflation pressure and recalibrate if necessary.

NOTE

If a malfunction occurs in the system, the tire pressure warning light will flash for approximately 1 minute and then remain illuminated.

Tire press. syst Service required

will be displayed.

}}

307

WHEELS AND TIRES

||

NOTE

The system indicates low tire pressure but does not replace normal tire maintenance. For information on correct tire pressure, please refer to the tire inflation decal on the driver's door opening or consult your Volvo retailer.

Related information

Tire pressure monitoring - overview (p. 306)

Calibrating Tire Monitor (p. 308)

Calibrating Tire Monitor

In order for Tire Monitor to work correctly, tire pressure reference values must be set (the system must be calibrated). This must be done each time wheels or tire pressures are changed.

Calibration

1. Switch off the engine.

2. Inflate the tires to the desired pressure (consult tire pressure placard located on the driver's side B-pillar (the structural member at the side of the vehicle).

3. Start the engine but keep the vehicle at a standstill.

4. Press the

MY CAR

button on the center console control panel and press

OK/MENU

.

5. Select

Tire monitor

.

6. Select

Start calibration

and press

OK/

MENU

.

7. Press

OK/MENU

again after all of the tires have been checked and reinflated.

8. Drive away.

> The calibration process will begin when the vehicle reaches a speed of approximately 22 mph (35 km/h). Calibration will be interrupted if the engine is switched off but will resume automatically in the background when the vehicle is driven again. The system will not give any confirmation when calibration is finished.

When driving with heavy loads or at sustained highway speeds, the tire pressure should be adjusted to the recommended inflation pressures according to the tire inflation pressure placard located on the driver's side B-pillar (the structural member at the side of the vehicle, at the rear of the driver's door opening) or to the tire inflation pressure table in the owner's information.

After adjusting inflation pressure, repeat steps

1-5 above.

NOTE

Always remember to calibrate Tire Monitor when the wheels have been changed or the tire pressure has been corrected according to tire pressure placard or tire pressure table. If correct reference values have not been set, the system cannot issue low tire pressure alerts correctly.

308

Tire Monitor status information

The current status of the system and the tires is indicated by color-coded graphics.

This status can be displayed by pressing the

MY

CAR

button on the center console and going to

Settings Car settings Tire monitoring

.

The following color-coded graphics indicate:

All green

: the system is operational and all tire pressures are at or above the recommended levels.

One yellow wheel

: the tire indicated is under-inflated.

All wheels yellow

: two or more tires are under-inflated

All wheels gray

: the system is currently unavailable. It might be necessary to drive at a speed of at least 20 mph (30 km/h) for several minutes for the system to become operational.

All wheels gray in combination with the message Tire press. syst Service required and the telltale in the instrument panel ( ) is illuminated

: the system is not functioning correctly. Have it checked by a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.

All wheels gray in combination with the message Tire press. syst currently unavailable and the telltale in the instrument panel ( ) is illuminated

: the system is temporarily unavailable. It should become operational again shortly.

Related information

Tire Monitor – messages (p. 309)

WHEELS AND TIRES

Tire Monitor – messages

When low tire pressure has been detected, a message will be displayed and the tire pressure warning telltale in the instrument panel ( will illuminate.

)

Messages

If the telltale illuminates, one of the following message will also be displayed:

Tire pressure low

/

Check, adjust and calibrate

Tire pressure system

/

Service required

Tire pressure system

/

Currently unavailable

Erasing warning messages

To erase a low tire pressure message and turn off the telltale:

1. Use a tire pressure gauge to check the inflation pressure of all four tires.

2. Re-inflate the tires to the correct pressure

(consult the tire pressure decal on the driver's door opening.

3. Recalibrate Tire Monitor, see Calibrating Tire

Monitor (p. 308).

}}

309

WHEELS AND TIRES

||

NOTE

To help avoid incorrect tire inflation pressure, only inflate the tires when they are cold. The tires are considered to be cold when they have the same temperature as the surrounding (ambient) air. This temperature is normally reached after the vehicle has been parked for at least 3 hours. After driving a distance of approximately 1 mile (1.6 km), the tires are considered to be hot.

CAUTION

After inflating the tires, always reinstall the valve cap to help avoid damage to the valve from dirt, gravel, etc.

Use plastic valve caps only. Metal caps could corrode and become difficult to remove.

WARNING

Incorrect inflation pressure could lead to tire failure, resulting in a loss of control of the vehicle.

Tire monitoring systems cannot indicate sudden tire damage caused by external factors (e.g., a blowout) in advance.

Related information

Tire inflation – checking pressure (p. 299)

Tire Pressure Monitoring System

(TPMS) – general information

TPMS uses sensors mounted in the tire valves to check inflation pressure levels. When the vehicle is moving at a speed of approximately

20 mph (30 km/h) or faster, these sensors transmit inflation pressure data to a receiver located in the vehicle.

NOTE

USA – FCC ID: KR5S180052050

This device complies with part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the following conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

When low inflation pressure is detected or if a sensor is not functioning properly, TPMS will light up the tire pressure warning light ( ) (also referred to as a telltale) in the instrument panel and will display one of the following messages:

Tire pressure low

,

Tire needs air now

or

Tire press. syst Service required

.

NOTE

If a malfunction occurs in the system, the tire pressure warning light will flash for approximately 1 minute and then remain illuminated.

Tire press. syst Service required

will be displayed.

Related information

Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) – recalibrating (p. 312)

Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) – messages (p. 313)

Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) – activating/deactivating (p. 312)

Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) – changing wheels (p. 311)

310

Tire Pressure Monitoring System

(TPMS) – changing wheels

Please keep the following in mind when changing or replacing the factory installed TPMS wheels/tires on the vehicle:

Not all aftermarket wheels are equipped with

TPMS sensors in the valves.

If the vehicle is equipped with a temporary spare tire, this tire does not have a TPMS sensor.

If wheels without TPMS sensors are mounted on the vehicle, a text message will displayed in the instrument panel each time the vehicle is driven above 20 mph (30 km/h) for

10 minutes or more.

Once TPMS sensors are properly installed, the warning message should not reappear. If the message is still displayed, drive the vehicle for several minutes at a speed of 20 mph

(30 km/h) or faster to erase the message.

Volvo recommends that TPMS sensors be fitted on all wheels used on the vehicle, including winter tires. Volvo does not recommend moving sensors back and forth between sets of wheels.

CAUTION

When inflating tires, press the pump's mouthpiece straight onto the valve to help avoid bending or otherwise damaging the valve.

CAUTION

After inflating the tires, always reinstall the valve cap to help avoid damage to the valve from dirt, gravel, etc.

Use plastic valve caps only. Metal caps could corrode and become difficult to remove.

NOTE

If you change to tires with a different dimension than the factory-installed ones, the TPMS system must be reconfigured for these tires. This must be done by a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.

If a tire is changed, or if the TPMS sensor is moved to another wheel, the sensor's seal, nut, and valve core should be replaced.

When installing TPMS sensors, the vehicle must be parked for at least

15 minutes with the ignition off. If the vehicle is driven within 15 minutes, a

TPMS error message will be displayed.

WHEELS AND TIRES

Related information

Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) – general information (p. 310)

Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) – recalibrating (p. 312)

Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) – messages (p. 313)

Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) – activating/deactivating (p. 312)

311

312

WHEELS AND TIRES

Tire Pressure Monitoring System

(TPMS) – recalibrating

The Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) uses a reference value in order to determine if tire pressure is too low.

Recalibrating TPMS (Canadian models only)

*

In certain cases, it may be necessary to recalibrate TPMS to conform to Volvo's recommended tire inflation pressures (see the tire inflation decal on the driver's door opening), for example, if higher inflation pressure is necessary when transporting heavy loads.

Always inflate the tires to Volvo's recommended tire pressure before recalibrating TPMS.

Recalibrating TPMS is done in the vehicle's menu system.

To do so:

1. Switch off the engine.

2. Inflate the tires to the desired pressure and put the ignition in mode

I

or

II

(see Ignition modes (p. 74) for additional information).

3. Press the

MY CAR

key in the center console control panel and select

Settings Car settings Tire pressure

.

4. Press

OK/MENU

, select

Calibrate tire pressure

and press

OK/MENU

again.

5. Drive the vehicle at a speed above 20 mph

(30 km/h) continuously for at least

10 minutes.

> Calibration is done automatically once initiated by the driver and the system does not provide confirmation when calibration is completed.

After adjusting inflation pressure, repeat steps

1-5 above.

Related information

Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) – general information (p. 310)

Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) – messages (p. 313)

Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) – activating/deactivating (p. 312)

Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) – changing wheels (p. 311)

My Car – introduction (p. 71)

Tire Pressure Monitoring System

(TPMS) – activating/deactivating

Activating/deactivating TPMS

(Canadian models only)

1. Switch off the engine.

2. Put the ignition in mode

I

or

II

(see Ignition modes (p. 74) for additional information).

3. Press the

MY CAR

key in the center console control panel and select

Settings Car settings Tire pressure

4. Select

Tire monitoring

and press

OK/

MENU

to turn the system on or off.

Related information

Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) – general information (p. 310)

* Option/accessory.

Tire Pressure Monitoring System

(TPMS) – messages

Erasing warning messages

When a low tire pressure warning message has been displayed and the tire pressure warning light in the instrument panell ( on:

) has come

1. Use a tire pressure gauge to check the inflation pressure of all four tires.

2. Re-inflate the tire(s) to the correct pressure

(consult the tire pressure decal on the driver's door opening).

3. In certain cases, it may be necessary to drive the vehicle for several minutes at a speed of

20 mph (30 km/h) or faster. This will erase the warning text and the telltale will go out.

NOTE

The tire monitoring systems use a temperature compensated pressure value.

This pressure value is dependent on tire temperature and ambient temperature, which can differ from the recommended cold tire pressure in the tire inflation table and on the tire pressure placard located on the driver's side B-pillar (the structural member at the side of the vehicle, at the rear of the driver's door opening). This means that it may sometimes be necessary to inflate them slightly above the recommended cold pressure value

(approx. 3-4 psi or 0.2-0.3 bar) in order to reset a low tire pressure warning.

To help avoid incorrect tire inflation pressure, if possible only inflate the tires when they are cold. The tires are considered to be cold when they have the same temperature as the surrounding (ambient) air. This temperature is normally reached after the vehicle has been parked for at least 3 hours. After driving a distance of approximately 1 mile (1.6 km), the tires are considered to be hot.

WHEELS AND TIRES

CAUTION

After inflating the tires, always reinstall the valve cap to help avoid damage to the valve from dirt, gravel, etc.

Use plastic valve caps only. Metal caps could corrode and become difficult to remove.

WARNING

Incorrect inflation pressure could lead to tire failure, resulting in a loss of control of the vehicle.

Tire monitoring systems cannot indicate sudden tire damage caused by external factors (e.g., a blowout) in advance.

Related information

Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) – general information (p. 310)

Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) – recalibrating (p. 312)

Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) – activating/deactivating (p. 312)

Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) – changing wheels (p. 311)

Tire pressure monitoring - overview (p. 306)

313

314

WHEELS AND TIRES

Tire sealing system

*

– general information

The vehicle is equipped with a tire sealing system that enables you to temporarily seal a hole in the tread surface and re-inflate a flat tire, or to adjust a tire’s inflation pressure.

The 12-volt sockets are located in the front tunnel console and on the rear side of the center console in the rear seat.

Accessing the tire sealing system

The tire sealing system is stowed under the floor of the trunk. To access it:

1. Lift the floor hatch in the cargo area.

2. Lift out the tire sealing system.

NOTE

The tire sealing system is only intended to seal holes on the tire’s tread area, not the sidewall.

Tires with large holes or tears cannot be repaired with the tire sealing system.

After use, stow the tire sealing system properly to help prevent rattling.

Introduction

The tire sealing system consists of an air compressor, a container for the sealing compound, wiring to connect the system to the vehicle’s electrical system via one of the 12-volt sockets, and a hose used to connect the system to the tire’s inflation valve.

NOTE

The tire sealing system's compressor has been tested and approved by Volvo.

WARNING

After using the tire sealing system, the vehicle should not be driven farther than approximately 120 miles (200 km).

Have the tire inspected by a trained and qualified Volvo service technician as soon as possible to determine if it can be permanently repaired or must be replaced.

The vehicle should not be driven faster than 50 mph (80 km/h) while using a tire that has been temporarily repaired with the tire sealing system.

After using the tire sealing system, drive carefully and avoid abrupt steering maneuvers and sudden stops.

* Option/accessory.

Tire sealing system–temporarily repairing a flat tire

Temporarily repairing a flat tire is done in two stages:

Stage 1:

The hole is sealed by pumping sealing compound into the tire. The car is then driven a short distance to distribute the sealing compound in the tire.

NOTE

Do not remove any foreign objects (nails, etc.) from the tire before using the sealing system.

Stage 2:

The tire’s inflation pressure is checked and adjusted if necessary.

WARNING

Never leave the tire sealing system unattended when it is operating.

Keep the tire sealing system away from children.

Be sure the vehicle is parked safely off the road and away from moving traffic.

Apply the parking brake.

Related information

Tire sealing system

*

– overview (p. 315)

Tire sealing system

*

– inflating tires (p. 319)

Tire sealing system

*

– sealing compound container (p. 320)

Tire sealing system

*

– sealing a hole

(p. 317)

Tire sealing system – checking inflation pressure (p. 319)

Tunnel console – 12-volt sockets (p. 136)

WHEELS AND TIRES

Tire sealing system

*

– overview

The vehicle is equipped with a tire sealing system that enables you to temporarily seal a hole in the tread surface and re-inflate a flat tire, or to adjust a tire’s inflation pressure.

Speed limit sticker (on the rear side of the compressor)

On/Off switch

Electrical wire

Bottle holder (orange cover)

Protective hose cover

Air release knob

Hose

}}

* Option/accessory.

315

||

WHEELS AND TIRES

Bottle with sealing compound

Air pressure gauge

316

WARNING

Please keep the following points in mind when using the tire sealing system:

The sealing compound bottle (no. 8 in the illustration) contains 1) rubber latex, natural and 2) ethanediol. These substances are harmful if swallowed.

The contents of this bottle may cause allergic skin reactions or otherwise be potentially harmful to the respiratory tract, the skin, the central nervous system, and the eyes.

Precautions:

Keep out of reach of children.

Do not ingest the contents.

Avoid prolonged or repeated contact with the skin.

Wash thoroughly after handling.

First aid:

Skin: Wash affected areas of skin with soap and water. Get medical attention if symptoms occur.

Eyes: Flush with plenty of water for least

15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical attention if symptoms occur.

Inhalation: Move the exposed person to fresh air. If irritation persists, get medical attention.

Ingestion: Do

NOT

induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Get medical attention.

Disposal: Dispose of this material and its container to a hazardous or special waste collection point.

NOTE

Do not break the seal on the bottle. This occurs automatically when the bottle is screwed into the holder.

Related information

Tire sealing system

*

– general information

(p. 314)

Tire sealing system

*

– inflating tires (p. 319)

Tire sealing system – checking inflation pressure (p. 319)

Tire sealing system

*

– sealing a hole

(p. 317)

Tire sealing system

*

– sealing compound container (p. 320)

* Option/accessory.

Tire sealing system

*

– sealing a hole

The tire sealing system can be used to temporarily seal a hole in the tread surface of a tire.

Stage 1: Sealing the hole

1. Peel off the speed limit sticker and affix it to the steering wheel hub where it will be clearly visible to the driver.

2. Ensure that the on/off switch is in position

0

(the

0

side of the switch should be pressed down).

WARNING

Contact with the sealing compound may cause skin irritation. If contact occurs, wash the affected area immediately with soap and water.

3. Unscrew the orange cover over the bottle holder on the compressor and unscrew the cap on the bottle of sealing compound.

WHEELS AND TIRES

NOTE

Do not break the seal on the bottle. This occurs automatically when the bottle is screwed into the holder.

4. Screw the bottle into the bottle holder as far as possible.

WARNING

The bottle is equipped with a catch to keep it securely in place and help prevent sealing compound leakage. Once in place, the bottle cannot be unscrewed. This must be done by a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.

5. Remove the valve cap from the tire’s inflation valve and screw the tire sealing system’s hose connector onto the valve as tightly as possible by hand. Be sure the air release valve on the hose is completely closed.

6. Connect the electrical wire to the nearest

12-volt socket in the vehicle.

NOTE

Be sure that none of the other 12-volt sockets is being used while the compressor is in operation.

7. Start the vehicle’s engine.

WARNING

The vehicle´s engine should be running when the tire sealing system is used to avoid battery drain. Therefore, be sure the vehicle is parked in a well ventilated place, or outdoors, before using the system.

8. Start the tire sealing system’s compressor by pressing the on/off switch to position

I

.

}}

* Option/accessory.

317

WHEELS AND TIRES

||

WARNING

Never stand next to the tire being inflated when the compressor is in operation.

If cracks, bubbles, etc. form on the tire, switch off the compressor immediately.

If there is visible damage to the sidewall or the rim, the tire cannot be repaired. The vehicle should not be driven if this occurs.

Contact a towing service, use the Volvo On

Call feature in your vehicle or contact Volvo

Roadside Assistance if applicable.

NOTE

The air pressure gauge will temporarily show an increase in pressure to approximately

88 psi (6 bar) while the sealing compound is being pumped into the tire. The pressure should return to a normal level after approximately 30 seconds.

9. Within seven minutes, inflate the tire to between 22—44 psi (1.8—3.0 bar). Switch off the compressor briefly to get a clear reading from the pressure gauge.

CAUTION

The compressor should not be used for more than 10 minutes at a time to avoid overheating.

WARNING

If the pressure remains below 22 psi (1.8 bar) after approximately seven minutes, turn off the compressor. In this case, the hole is too large to be sealed and the vehicle should not be driven.

10. Switch off the compressor and disconnect the electrical wire from the 12-volt socket.

11. Unscrew the hose from the tire's inflation valve and put the cover on the hose back into place to help prevent seepage of residual sealing compound in the hose. Reinstall the valve cap.

CAUTION

After inflating the tires, always reinstall the valve cap to help avoid damage to the valve from dirt, gravel, etc.

Use plastic valve caps only. Metal caps could corrode and become difficult to remove.

12. Immediately drive the vehicle for approximately 2 miles (3 km) at a maximum speed of 50 mph (80 km/h) to distribute the sealing compound in the tire.

CAUTION

If your vehicle is equipped with the Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS), the use of the sealing compound may lead to incorrect tire pressure readings or in rare cases, damage to the tire pressure sensor. Use the tire sealing system to check and adjust the damaged tire's inflation pressure.

NOTE

Safely stow the tire sealing system in a convenient place as it will soon be used again to check the tire’s inflation pressure.

The empty bottle of sealing compound cannot be removed from the bottle holder. Consult a trained and qualified

Volvo service technician to have the bottle removed and properly disposed of.

318

WARNING

If heavy vibrations, unsteady steering behavior, or noises should occur while driving, reduce speed and park the vehicle in a safe place.

Recheck the tire for bumps, cracks, or other visible damage, and recheck its inflation pressure. If the pressure is below 19 psi (1.3 bar), do not continue driving. Have the vehicle towed to a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.

Tire sealing system – checking inflation pressure

The tire sealing system can also be used to check the tires' inflation pressure.

Stage 2: Checking inflation pressure

1. Reconnect the tire sealing system's hose to the tire's inflation valve as described in stage

1

, see Tire sealing system

*

– sealing a hole

(p. 317).

2. Refer to the inflation pressure table in this chapter for the correct inflation pressure. If the tire needs to be inflated, start the tire sealing system’s compressor. If necessary, release air from the tire by turning the air release knob counterclockwise.

CAUTION

The compressor should not be used for more than 10 minutes at a time to avoid overheating.

WARNING

If you interrupt your trip for more than 1 hour, check the inflation pressure in the damaged tire again before continuing.

WHEELS AND TIRES

Tire sealing system

*

– inflating tires

The tire sealing system can be used to inflate the tires.

To do so:

1. Park the car in a safe place.

2. The compressor should be switched off.

Ensure that the on/off switch is in position

0

(the

0

side of the switch should be pressed down).

3. Take out the electrical wire and hose.

4. Remove the valve cap from the tire’s inflation valve and screw the hose connector onto the valve as tightly as possible by hand.

5. Connect the electrical wire to the nearest

12-volt socket in the vehicle.

6. Start the vehicle’s engine.

}}

* Option/accessory.

319

320

WHEELS AND TIRES

WARNING

The vehicle’s engine should be running when the tire sealing system is used to avoid battery drain. Therefore, be sure the vehicle is parked in a well ventilated place, or outdoors, before using the system. The parking brake should be securely applied and the gear selector should be in the

P

(park) position.

Children should never be left unattended in the vehicle when the engine is running.

7. Check the tire’s inflation pressure on the gauge. Switch off the compressor briefly to get a clear reading from the pressure gauge.

8. Refer to the tire inflation table in this chapter for the correct inflation pressure. If the tire needs to be inflated, start the tire sealing system’s compressor (press the on/off switch to position I). If necessary, release air from the tire by turning the air release knob counterclockwise.

CAUTION

The compressor should not be used for more than 10 minutes at a time to avoid overheating.

9. Turn off the compressor (press the on/off switch to position

0

) when the correct inflation pressure has been reached.

10. Unscrew the hose from the tire’s inflation valve and reinstall the valve cap.

CAUTION

After inflating the tires, always reinstall the valve cap to help avoid damage to the valve from dirt, gravel, etc.

Use plastic valve caps only. Metal caps could corrode and become difficult to remove.

11. Disconnect the electrical wire from the

12-volt socket.

Tire sealing system

*

– sealing compound container

The sealing compound container must be replaced if the tire sealing system has been used to repair a tire or if the container’s expiration date has passed (see the date on decal).

Replacing the sealing compound container

NOTE

After use, the sealing compound bottle, the hose, and certain other system components must be replaced. Please consult your Volvo retailer for replacement parts.

If the sealing compound bottle’s expiration date has passed, please take it to a

Volvo retailer or a recycling station that can properly dispose of harmful substances.

* Option/accessory.

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

322

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

Maintenance – introduction

Periodic maintenance will help keep your vehicle running well.

Introduction

The maintenance services contain several checks that require special instruments and tools and therefore must be performed by a qualified technician. To keep your Volvo in top condition, specify time-tested and proven Genuine Volvo Parts and Accessories.

The Federal Clean Air Act – U.S.

The Federal Clean Air Act requires vehicle manufacturers to furnish written instructions to the ultimate purchaser to assure the proper servicing and function of the components that control emissions. These services, which are listed in the

"Warranty and Service Records Information" booklet, are not covered by the warranty. You will be required to pay for labor and material used.

Maintenance

Your Volvo passed several major inspections before it was delivered to you, in accordance with

Volvo specifications. The maintenance procedures outlined in the Warranty and Service

Records Information booklet, many of which will positively affect your vehicle's emissions, should be performed as indicated. It is recommended that receipts for vehicle emission maintenance be retained in case questions arise concerning maintenance. Inspection and maintenance should also be performed anytime a malfunction is observed or suspected.

Applicable warranties – U.S./Canada

In accordance with applicable U.S. and Canadian regulations, the following list of warranties is provided.

New Vehicle Limited Warranty

Parts and Accessories Limited Warranty

Corrosion Protection Limited Warranty

Seat Belt and Supplemental Restraint Systems Limited Warranty

Emission Design and Defect Warranty

Emission Performance Warranty

These are the federal warranties; other warranties are provided as required by state/provincial law. Refer to your separate Warranty and Service

Records Information booklet for detailed information concerning each of the warranties.

Periodic maintenance helps minimize emissions

NOTE

Refer to your Warranty and Service

Records Information booklet for a comprehensive service and maintenance schedule up to 150,000 miles (240,000 km). This program contains inspections and services necessary for the proper function of your vehicle and includes components that affect vehicle emissions.

The Warranty and Service Records Information booklet also contains detailed information concerning the warranties that apply to your vehicle.

Related information

Climate – general information (p. 120)

Maintenance – owner maintenance

Periodic maintenance requirements and intervals are described in your vehicle's Warranty and

Service Records Information booklet.

The following points can be carried out between the normally scheduled maintenance services.

Owner maintenance

Each time the car is refueled:

Check the engine oil level.

Clean the windshield, windshield wipers, headlights, and taillights.

Monthly:

Check cold tire pressure in all tires. Inspect the tires for wear.

Check that engine coolant and other fluid levels are between the indicated "min" and

"max" markings.

Clean interior glass surfaces with a glass cleaner and soft paper towels.

Wipe driver information displays with a soft cloth.

Visually inspect battery terminals for corrosion. Corrosion may indicate a loose terminal connector, or a battery near the end of its useful service life. Consult your Volvo retailer for additional information.

As needed:

Wash the car, including the undercarriage, to reduce wear that can be caused by a buildup of dirt, and corrosion that can be caused by salt residues.

Clean leaves and twigs from air intake vents at the base of the windshield, and from other places where they may collect.

NOTE

Complete service information for qualified technicians is available online for purchase or subscription at www.volvotechinfo.com.

Related information

Maintenance – opening/closing hood

(p. 327)

Engine compartment – overview (p. 328)

Engine compartment – coolant (p. 332)

Engine compartment – engine oil (p. 329)

Engine compartment – power steering fluid

(p. 333)

Engine compartment – washer fluid (p. 344)

Cleaning the interior (p. 361)

Washing the vehicle (p. 359)

Tire inflation – checking pressure (p. 299)

Tires – tread wear indicator (p. 292)

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

323

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

Maintenance – hoisting

When the vehicle is hoisted, the jack or garage lift must be positioned in the correct lifting points.

Hoisting the vehicle

324

If a garage jack is used to lift the vehicle, it should be placed:

Front:

under either of the two reinforced areas under the front section of the vehicle, not under to jack attachment points (the outermost points shown in the illustration)

.

Rear

: Under the jack attachment points.

Ensure that the jack is positioned so that the vehicle cannot slide off it. Always use axle stands or similar structures.

Related information

Changing a wheel – removing wheel (p. 293)

Onboard Diagnostic System

OBD II is part of your vehicle's computerized engine management system. It stores diagnostic information about your vehicle's emission controls. It can light the Check Engine light (MIL) if it detects an emission control "fault." A "fault" is a component or system that is not performing within an expected range. A fault may be permanent or temporary. OBD II will store a message about any fault.

Emission inspection readiness

How do states use OBD II for emission inspections?

Many states connect a computer directly to a vehicle's OBD II system. The inspector can then read "faults." In some states, this type of inspection has replaced the tailpipe emission test.

How can my vehicle fail OBD II emission inspection?

Your vehicle can fail OBD II emission inspection for any of the following reasons.

If your Check Engine (MIL) light is lit, your vehicle may fail inspection.

If your vehicle's Check Engine light was lit, but went out without any action on your part,

OBD II will still have a recorded fault. Your vehicle may pass or fail, depending on the inspection practices in your area.

If you had recent service that required disconnecting the battery, OBD II diagnostic information may be incomplete and "not ready" for inspection. A vehicle that is not ready may fail inspection.

How can I prepare for my next OBD II emission inspection?

If your Check Engine (MIL) light is lit – or was lit but went out without service, have your vehicle diagnosed and, if necessary, serviced by a qualified Volvo technician.

If you recently had service for a lit Check

Engine light, or if you had service that required disconnecting the battery, a period of driving is necessary to bring the OBD II system to "ready" for inspection. Two halfhour trips of mixed stop-and-go/highway driving are typically needed to allow OBD II to reach readiness. Your Volvo retailer can provide you with more information on planning a trip.

Maintain your vehicle in accordance with your vehicle's maintenance schedule.

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

Booking service and repairs

Connected Service Booking (CSB) makes setting up a time for service, maintenance and/or repairs directly from the vehicle quick and convenient.

Prerequisites

The owner (primary driver) must have a valid

Volvo ID. See Volvo ID (p. 20) for additional

information.

The vehicle must be connected to the Internet using a paired Bluetooth

®

cell phone.

See your Sensus Infotainment supplement for information on pairing a cell phone. On models equipped with Volvo On Call (VOC)

*

, you can connect to the Internet using your separate VOC data plan. Refer to your separate Volvo On Call manual.

By default, the retailer where you purchased your vehicle will be your preferred (primary) retailer/Volvo authorized workshop who will perform service and repairs on your vehicle.

To change the preferred retailer, go to Dealer

Locator at volvocars.com and select a retailer, click on Service Scheduler and book an appointment at the new preferred retailer.

In order to be guided through the on-screen steps, the menu alternative

Display notifications

must be activated.

}}

* Option/accessory.

325

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

||

CSB menu access

Once the prerequisites have been established, all

CSB-related menus can be accessed in

MY CAR by pressing

OK/MENU

and then selecting

Scheduled maintenance & repair

.

Booking information and data from the vehicle

If you request an appointment from your vehicle, with your consent, booking information and data about your vehicle

1

will be transmitted to your preferred retailer.

Using the service

Once the prerequisites have been established, all

CSB-related menus can be accessed in

MY CAR by pressing

OK/MENU

and then selecting

Maintenance & repair

.

If the time for the next regularly scheduled service is approaching, if the vehicle requires certain types of repairs or if a system needs to be checked, a message will be displayed. You will then by guided through the steps required to book service or repairs.

On-screen service messages

On-screen service message

The pop-up service alert menu offers the following alternatives:

Yes

: The vehicle will transmit a booking request as well as vehicle data directly to your preferred retailer. In return, you will receive an email from this retailer with a link to their booking portal. From a smartphone or a computer, you can select a day and time that suits you and specify any other service requests that you may have. When you have submitted your request, it will be entered into the retailer's booking portal and you will receive immediate confirmation online and via email. The service reminder light in the

• vehicle's instrument panel will also be turned off remotely by Volvo.

No

: No other messages will be displayed on the Sensus screen but the Service Reminder

Light on the vehicle's instrument panel will stay on. If you have answered "No", service can still be booked manually (see the following section).

Postpone

: The pop-up menu will be displayed that next time the engine is started.

Booking service or repairs manually

Access your Volvo On-Line Service Scheduler portal from a smartphone or a computer to select a day and time that suits you and specify any other service requests that you may have. When you have submitted your request, it will be entered into the retailer's booking portal and you will receive immediate confirmation online and via email.

My Appointments

This displays booking information.

Select

Scheduled maintenance & repair

My Appointments

.

Transmitting vehicle data

In order for a retailer to access vehicle data, the information is initially sent to a central Volvo database (not directly to your retailer) where any

1 This information includes: service requirements, status of various functions, odometer reading and the vehicle's VIN number and software version.

326

retailer can access or search for this information using your vehicle's VIN number. This number can be found in your warranty booklet or on the dashboard at the lower left corner of the windshield.

Select

Scheduled maintenance & repair

Send vehicle data

.

Booking information and vehicle data

When you opt to book service from your vehicle, booking information and vehicle data will be transmitted. Vehicle data consists of a number of parameters in the following areas:

Service requirements

Function status

Fluid levels

Odometer reading (mileage)

Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)

The vehicle's software version

Related information

Volvo ID (p. 20)

Maintenance – opening/closing hood

The hood is opened by first releasing the lock from the passenger compartment and then pressing the release control.

Opening and closing the hood

Turn the handle located under the left side of the dash approximately 20-25 degrees clockwise to release the hood lock.

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

Lift the hood slightly. Press the release control (located under the right front edge of the hood) to the left, and lift the hood.

WARNING

Check that the hood locks properly when closed.

Related information

Maintenance – owner maintenance (p. 323)

Engine compartment – overview (p. 328)

327

328

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

Engine compartment – overview

The overview shows the main inspection points in the engine compartment.

Coolant expansion tank

Power steering fluid reservoir

Dipstick-engine oil

Filler cap-engine oil

Cover over brake fluid reservoir

Battery

Relay/fuse box

Washer fluid reservoir

Engine compartment - 4-cylinder engines only

Filler cap-engine oil

Coolant expansion tank

Radiator

Brake fluid reservoir

Battery

Relay/fuse box

Washer fluid reservoir

Air cleaner

The appearance of the engine compartment may vary depending on engine model.

WARNING

The cooling fan (located at the front of the engine compartment, behind the radiator) may start or continue to operate (for up to

6 minutes) after the engine has been switched off.

WARNING

Before performing any operations in the engine compartment, the ignition should always be completely switched off (in mode

0

,

see Ignition modes (p. 74)) and there should

be no remote keys in the passenger compartment. The gear selector should be in the

P

(park) position. If the engine has been running, wait until it has cooled before touching any components in the engine compartment.

The distributor ignition system operates at very high voltages. Special safety precautions must be followed to prevent injury. Always turn the ignition off when:

Replacing distributor ignition components e.g. plugs, coil, etc.

Do not touch any part of the distributor ignition system while the engine is running. This may result in unintended movements and body injury.

Related information

Maintenance – opening/closing hood

(p. 327)

Maintenance – owner maintenance (p. 323)

Engine compartment – engine oil

The correct oil must be used for the stated oil change (service) intervals to apply.

The oil level on 4-cylinder engines is checked electronically and is checked using a dipstick on

5- and 6-cylinder engines.

Checking the engine oil (5- and 6cylinder engines)

The oil level should be checked at regular intervals, particularly during the period up to the first scheduled maintenance service.

See Oil specifications (p. 374) for oil specifi-

cations.

Also, refer to the Warranty and Service

Records information booklet for information on oil change intervals and oil specifications.

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

CAUTION

Not checking the oil level regularly can result in serious engine damage if the oil level becomes too low.

Oil that is lower than the specified quality can damage the engine.

Volvo does not recommend the use of oil additives.

Always add oil of the same type and viscosity as already used.

Never fill oil above the

MAX

mark. This could cause an increase in oil consumption.

Oil changes should be carried out by a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.

}}

329

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

||

Checking and adding oil

Electronic oil level sensor (4-cylinder engines only)

330

Location of the filler cap and dipstick

NOTE

Before checking the oil:

The car should be parked on a level surface.

If the engine is warm

, wait for at least

10 – 15 minutes after the engine has been switched off.

The oil level must be between the

MIN

and

MAX

marks on the dipstick

Checking the oil

1. Pull out the dipstick and wipe it with a lintfree rag.

2. Reinsert the dipstick, pull it out, and check the oil level. The level must be between the

MIN

and

MAX

marks.

3. Add oil if necessary. If the level is close to the

MIN

mark, add approximately

0.5 US quarts (0.5 liters) of oil.

4. Recheck the level and add more oil if necessary until the level is near the

MAX

mark.

WARNING

Do not allow oil to spill onto or come into contact with hot exhaust pipe surfaces.

Oil filler cap

No action is necessary until a message is displayed, see the following illustration.

Left: digital instrument panel

*

, Right: analog instrument panel

Message

Oil level

The oil level can be checked when the engine is not running by scrolling to the oil level sensor using the thumb wheel on the left steering wheel lever.

CAUTION

If

Oil service required

is displayed, the oil level may be too high. Take the vehicle to an authorized Volvo workshop as soon as possible.

If the oil level sensor indicates that the level is too low, using the correct oil, top up with the amount of oil indicated as

soon as possible, see oil specifications (p. 374).

WARNING

Do not allow oil to spill onto or come into contact with hot exhaust pipe surfaces.

Electronically checking the oil level

The oil level should be checked at regular intervals, particularly during the period up to the first scheduled maintenance service.

To check the oil level:

1. Activate ignition mode

II

, see Ignition modes

(p. 74).

2. Turn the thumb wheel on the left steering wheel lever until

Oil level

is displayed.

> The oil level will be displayed.

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

NOTE

The system cannot detect changes in the oil level immediately. The vehicle must be driven approximately 20 miles (30 km) or have been parked on level ground with the engine off for 5 minutes before the oil level reading will be correct.

If the necessary conditions are not met for checking the oil level electronically

(time interval after the engine was switched off, if the vehicle is parked on an incline, etc.),

No value available

will be displayed. This does not

indicate a problem with the oil level sensor.

* Option/accessory.

331

332

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

Engine compartment – coolant

Normally, the coolant does not need to be changed. If the system must be drained, consult a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.

Level check and filling

Location of the coolant reservoir

See Fuel tank volume – specification and volume

(p. 377) for information on cooling system

capacities.

CAUTION

If necessary, top up the cooling system with Volvo Genuine Coolant/Antifreeze only (a 50/50 mix of water and antifreeze).

Different types of antifreeze/coolant may not be mixed.

If the cooling system is drained, it should be flushed with clean water or premixed anti-freeze before it is refilled with the correct mixture of water/anti-freeze.

The cooling system must always be kept filled to the correct level, and the level must be between the

MIN

and

MAX marks. If it is not kept filled, there can be high local temperatures in the engine which could result in damage. Check coolant regularly!

Do not top up with water only. This reduces the rust-protective and antifreeze qualities of the coolant and has a lower boiling point. It can also cause damage to the cooling system if it should freeze.

Do not use chlorinated tap water in the vehicle's cooling system.

If there is coolant under the vehicle, if you detect coolant fumes or if it necessary to top up with more than approx. 2 qts (2 liters) of coolant, engine damage could occur if the vehicle is driven. Have it towed to an authorized Volvo workshop.

WARNING

Never remove the expansion tank cap while the engine is warm. Wait until the engine cools.

If it is necessary to top off the coolant when the engine is warm, unscrew the expansion tank cap slowly so that the overpressure dissipates.

Engine compartment – brake fluid

The brake fluid should always be between the

MIN

and

MAX

marks on the inside of the reservoir.

Location of the brake fluid reservoir

Checking the level

The fluid reservoir is concealed under the round cover at the rear of the engine compartment. The round cover must be removed first before the reservoir cap can be accessed.

Check, without removing the cap, that there is sufficient fluid in the reservoir.

Fluid type

: DOT 4 boiling point >536 °F

(>280 °C).

Replace

: The fluid should be replaced according to the intervals specified in the Warranty and

Service Records Information booklet.

When driving under extremely hard conditions

(mountain driving, etc), it may be necessary to replace the fluid more often. Consult a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.

Always entrust brake fluid changing to a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.

WARNING

If the fluid level is below the

MIN

mark in the reservoir or if a brake-related message is shown in the information display:

DO NOT DRIVE

. Have the car towed to a trained and qualified Volvo service technician and have the brake system inspected.

Dot 4 should never be mixed with any other type of brake fluid.

Filling

1. Turn and open the cover.

2. Unscrew the reservoir cap and fill the fluid.

The level must be between the

MIN

and

MAX

marks.

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

Engine compartment – power steering fluid

The fluid level must be between the

MIN

and

MAX

marks. For capacities and recommended

fluid grade, see Fuel tank volume – specification and volume (p. 377).

Check the level frequently. It does not normally require changing.

WARNING

If a problem should occur in the power steering system or if the vehicle has no electrical current and must be towed, it is still possible to steer the vehicle. However, keep in mind that greater effort will be required to turn the steering wheel.

}}

333

334

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

CAUTION

Keep the area around the power steering fluid reservoir clean when checking.

Bulbs – introduction

Certain bulbs can be replaced by the vehicle's owner. However, the bulbs on the following list should only be replaced by a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.

All bulb specifications are listed in Bulbs – specifications (p. 341).

Active Bending Lights

Front parking lights

Front side marker lights

Cornering lights

Turn signals in the door mirrors

Approach lighting in the door mirrors

Interior lighting (except for the front footwell lighting)

Rear parking lights

LED bulbs

NOTE

For information regarding any bulbs not mentioned in this section, please contact your Volvo retailer or a trained and authorized Volvo service technician.

Always switch off the ignition before starting to replace a bulb.

If an error message remains in the display after a faulty bulb has been replaced, contact an authorized Volvo workshop.

Condensation may form temporarily on the inside of the lenses of exterior lights such as headlights, fog lights, or taillights.

This is normal and the lights are designed to withstand moisture. Normally, condensation will dissipate after the lights have been on for a short time.

The optional Active Bending Light bulbs contain trace amounts of mercury. These bulbs should always be disposed of by a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.

CAUTION

Never touch the glass of bulbs with your fingers. Grease and oils from your fingers vaporize in the heat and will leave a deposit on the reflector, which will damage it.

WARNING

The engine should not be running when changing bulbs.

If the engine has been running just prior to replacing bulbs in the headlight housing, please keep in mind that components in the engine compartment will be hot.

WARNING

Active Bending Lights

*

– due to the high voltage used by these headlights, these bulbs should only be replaced by a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.

Turn off the lights and remove the remote key from the ignition before changing any bulbs.

Related information

Bulbs – headlight housing (p. 335)

Bulbs – taillight housing (p. 340)

Bulbs – vanity mirror lighting (p. 341)

Bulbs – license plate lighting (p. 340)

Bulbs – headlight housing

The entire headlight housing must be lifted out when replacing all front bulbs.

Removing the headlight housing

Pull out the headlight housing's locking pins.

Remove the headlight housing by alternatively pulling the front and rear edges until it can be lifted out.

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

CAUTION

When disconnecting the connector, pull on the connector itself and not on the wiring.

Unplug the wiring connector by holding down the clip with your thumb.

Pull the connector out with the other hand.

5. Lift out the headlight housing and place it on a soft surface to avoid scratching the lens.

6. Replace the defective bulb(s).

Reinserting the headlight housing

1. Plug in the connector until it clicks into place.

}}

* Option/accessory.

335

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

||

2. Reinstall the headlight housing and locking pins. The short locking pin should be closest to the grille. Check that they are correctly inserted.

The headlight housing must be properly in place and the wiring connector correctly reconnected before the lighting is switched on or the remote key is inserted into the ignition slot.

3. Check that the lights function properly.

Related information

Bulbs – introduction (p. 334)

Bulbs – cover (p. 336)

Bulbs – specifications (p. 341)

Bulbs – cover

The larger cover has to be removed in order to change the high/low beam headlight bulbs.

Removing the cover to access the bulbs

Related information

Bulbs – headlight housing (p. 335)

Bulbs – low beam, Halogen (p. 337)

Bulbs – high beam, Halogen (p. 337)

Bulbs – extra high beam (p. 338)

NOTE

Before starting to replace a bulb, see Bulbs – introduction (p. 334).

1. Loosen the cover's four retaining screws

(3-4 turns) with a Torx T20 tool (1). The screws should not be removed completely.

2. Push the cover to the side.

3. Remove the cover.

Reinstall the cover in the reverse order.

336

Bulbs – low beam, Halogen

The low beam bulb is concealed by the larger cover.

Bulbs – high beam, Halogen

The high beam bulb is concealed behind the larger cover.

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

Related information

Bulbs – specifications (p. 341)

1. Remove the headlight housing from the vehi-

cle (see Bulbs – headlight housing (p. 335)).

2. Remove the cover over the bulbs (see Bulbs

– cover (p. 336)).

3. Unplug the connector from the bulb.

4. Remove the bulb by pulling it straight out.

5. The guide lug on the new bulb should be straight up when the bulb is inserted into the holder and the bulb should snap into place.

6. Put the cover back into position and reinstall the headlight housing.

Related information

Bulbs – specifications (p. 341)

1. Remove the headlight housing from the vehi-

cle (see Bulbs – headlight housing (p. 335)).

2. Remove the cover over the bulbs (see Bulbs

– cover (p. 336)).

3. Remove the bulb by turning it counterclockwise and pulling it straight out.

4. Remove the connector from the bulb.

5. Press the new bulb into the socket and turn it clockwise to put it in place. It can only be secured in one position.

6. Reinsert the bulb holder into the headlight housing.

7. Put the cover back into position and reinstall the headlight housing.

337

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

Bulbs – extra high beam

The extra high beam bulb is concealed by the larger cover.

Extra high beam 2

6. Put the cover back into position and reinstall the headlight housing.

Related information

Bulbs – specifications (p. 341)

Bulbs – front turn signals

The turn signal bulb is concealed behind the smaller cover.

1. Remove the headlight housing from the vehi-

cle (see Bulbs – headlight housing (p. 335)).

2. Remove the cover over the bulbs (see Bulbs

– cover (p. 336)).

3. Remove the bulb by turning it counterclockwise and pulling it straight out.

4. Remove the connector from the bulb.

5. Press the new bulb into the socket and turn it clockwise to put it in place. It can only be secured in one position.

338

2 Models with optional Active Bending Lights only.

1. Remove the headlight housing from the vehi-

cle (see Bulbs – headlight housing (p. 335)).

2. Remove the cover by pulling it straight out.

3. Pull the holder to access the bulb.

4. Press in the bulb and turn it to remove it from the holder.

5. Press and turn the new bulb into place.

6. Reinsert the bulb holder into the headlight housing.

7. Put the cover back into position and reinstall the headlight housing.

Related information

Bulbs – specifications (p. 341)

Bulbs – location of taillight bulbs

The following illustrations show the location of the bulbs in the taillight cluster.

Backup lights

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

Taillight lens, right side

Brake light (LEDs)

Side marker light (LEDs)

Brake light

Parking light (LEDs)

Backup light

Turn signal

Rear fog light

1. Open the panel in the trunk.

2. Remove the bulb holder by turning it counterclockwise.

3. Remove the defective bulb by pressing it in slightly and turning it counterclockwise before pulling it out.

4. Insert a new bulb, press it in and turn it clockwise.

5. Reinsert the bulb holder by turning it clockwise.

Related information

Bulbs – introduction (p. 334)

Bulbs – specifications (p. 341)

339

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

Bulbs – taillight housing

The bulbs in the taillight cluster are replaced from inside the trunk (not the LED functions).

5. Press the bulb holder back into place and reinstall the cover.

Related information

Bulbs – introduction (p. 334)

Bulbs – location of taillight bulbs (p. 339)

Bulbs – specifications (p. 341)

Bulbs – license plate lighting

The license plate lighting is located next to the trunk handle.

340

NOTE

Before starting to replace a bulb, see Bulbs – introduction (p. 334).

1. Remove the covers in the left/right panel to access the bulb holder.

2. Press the catches together and pull out the bulb holder.

3. Remove the defective bulb by pressing it in slightly and it turning counterclockwise before pulling it out.

4. Insert a new bulb, press it in slightly and turn it clockwise.

1. Remove the screws with a screwdriver.

2. Carefully detach the entire bulb housing and pull it out.

3. Replace the bulb.

4. Reinsert the entire bulb housing and tighten the screws.

Related information

Bulbs – specifications (p. 341)

Bulbs – trunk lighting

The trunk lighting is located on opposite sides of the trunk.

1. Insert a screwdriver and gently turn so that the bulb housing comes loose.

2. Replace the bulb.

3. Check that the bulb illuminates and press it back into the bulb housing.

Related information

Bulbs – specifications (p. 341)

Bulbs – vanity mirror lighting

The vanity mirror bulbs are located behind the lens.

Removing the lens

1. Insert a screwdriver underneath the side of the lens and carefully pry up the lug on the edge.

2. Carefully detach and lift out the lens.

3. Use needle nose pliers to pull the bulb straight to the side. Replace the bulb. Do not exert too much pressure on the bulb with the pliers to help avoid damaging it.

Reinstalling the lens

1. Put the lens back into position.

2. Press it into place.

Related information

Bulbs – specifications (p. 341)

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

Bulbs – specifications

The following bulbs can be replaced by the vehicles owner. All other bulbs should only be replaced by a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.

Lighting function Bulb Wattage

55 H7 LL Extra high beam

(models with

Active Bending

Lights

*

)

Low beam (halogen)

High beam (halogen)

Front turn signals

License plate lighting

Vanity mirror lighting

Glove compartment lighting

Rear turn signals

Rear fog light

55

65

24

5

1.2

5

21

21

H11 LL

H9

PY24W

C5W LL

W2x4.6d type

T5

SV8.5 (length

43mm)

PY21W LL

H21W LL

}}

* Option/accessory.

341

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

||

Lighting function

Backup light

Brake light

Trunk lighting

Front footwell lighting

Wattage

21

21

10

3

Bulb

H21W LL

P21W LL

SV8.5 (length

38mm)

W2, 1x9.5d

type T10

NOTE

Please consult a Volvo retailer’s Parts department for the most up-to-date bulb specifications.

Related information

Bulbs – introduction (p. 334)

Wiper blades – service position

The windshield wiper blades must be in the vertical (service) position for replacement, washing or to lift them away from the windshield when e.g., removing ice or snow.

Wiper blades in service position

CAUTION

Be sure the wiper blades are not frozen in position before attempting to move them to the service position.

To put the windshiield wipers in the service position:

1. Insert the remote key into the ignition slot 3 and press the

START/STOP ENGINE

button briefly to put the ignition in mode

I

(see

Ignition modes (p. 74) for detailed informa-

tion about the ignition modes).

2. Press the

START/STOP ENGINE

button again briefly to switch the ignition off.

3. Within 3 seconds, move the right steering wheel lever up and hold it for at least 1 second.

> The wipers will then move to the vertical

(service) position on the windshield.

The wipers can be returned to the normal position by pressing the

START/STOP ENGINE

button briefly to put the ignition in mode

I

(or by starting the engine).

CAUTION

If the wiper arms have been folded out from the windshield while in the service position, fold them back against the windshield before returning the wipers to the normal position to help avoid scratching the paint on the hood.

Related information

Engine compartment – washer fluid (p. 344)

3 Not necessary on vehicles with the optional keyless drive.

342

Wiper blades – windshield

The wiper blades should be replaced regularly for best effect.

The windshield wiper blades must be in the vertical (service) position for replacement, washing or to lift them away from the windshield when e.g., removing ice or snow.

Replacing the windshield wiper blades

NOTE

The windshield wiper blades are different lengths. The blade on the driver’s side is longer than the one on the passenger side.

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

With the wipers in the service position, fold out the wiper arm from the windshield. Press the button on the wiper blade attachment and pull the wiper blade straight out, parallel with the wiper arm.

Slide in the new wiper blade until it clicks into place.

Check that the blade is securely in place.

4. Press the wipers back against the windshield.

To return the wipers from the service position to the normal position, fold the wipers back against the windshield and press the

START/STOP

ENGINE

button briefly to put the ignition in mode

I

(or start the engine).

Cleaning

Keeping the windshield and wiper blades clean helps improve visibility and prolongs the service life of the wiper blades. Clean the wiper blades with a stiff-bristle brush and lukewarm soap solution or car washing detergent.

Related information

Engine compartment – washer fluid (p. 344)

Wiper blades – service position (p. 342)

343

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

Engine compartment – washer fluid

Washer fluid helps keep the windshield and headlights clean. During cold weather, the reservoir should be filled with windshield washer solvent containing antifreeze. Use Volvo Original

Washer Fluid or the equivalent with a recommended pH value between 6 and 8.

6.8 US qts (6.5 liters)

4.7 US qts (4.5 liters

4

)

Related information

Wiper blades – service position (p. 342)

Battery – symbols

There are information and warning symbols on the battery.

Symbols on the battery

Wear protective goggles.

Keep away from children.

344

Location of the washer fluid reservoir

The windshield and headlight washers share a common reservoir.

The washer fluid reservoir is located on the driver's side of the engine compartment. For capacities, see the printed Owner's Manual.

Specification:

Use a washer antifreeze recommended by Volvo, mixed with water.

Volume:

4 Models without headlight washers

Avoid smoking, open flames, and/or sparks.

See the owner's manual.

Contains corrosive acid.

Risk of explosion

Recycle properly

NOTE

Used batteries should be disposed of in an environmentally responsible manner. Consult your Volvo retailer or take the used batteries to a recycling station.

Related information

Battery – changing (p. 347)

Battery – handling (p. 345)

Battery – maintenance (p. 346)

Battery – handling

The battery's service life is affected by the number of starts, if it has been discharged, driving style, driving conditions, weather conditions ,etc.

Handling

Check that the battery cables are correctly connected and tightened.

Never disconnect the battery when the engine is running (for example, when replacing the battery).

If the battery is fully discharged a number of times, this may shorten its service life.

The service life of a battery is affected by factors such as the number of starts, driving conditions and climate. Extreme cold may also further decrease the battery’s starting capacity.

Because the battery’s starting capacity decreases with time, it may be necessary to recharge it if the vehicle is not driven for an extended period of time or if the vehicle is usually only driven short distances.

Never use a quick charger to charge the battery. Only traditional types of battery chargers should be used.

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

CAUTION

The infotainment system's energy-saving feature may not function correctly or at all, and/or a message may be displayed if a battery charger or jumper cables are not connected properly.

The negative terminal on the battery must never

be used to connect a jumper cable or a battery charger. Only the ground point on the chassis may be used.

See Jump starting (p. 254) for an illustration

and additional information.

WARNING

Never expose the battery to open flame or electric spark.

Do not smoke near the battery.

Battery fluid contains sulfuric acid. Do not allow battery fluid to contact eyes, skin, fabrics or painted surfaces. If contact occurs, flush the affected area immediately with water. Obtain medical help immediately if eyes are affected.

NOTE

The life of the battery is shortened if it becomes discharged repeatedly.

}}

345

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

||

Related information

Battery – changing (p. 347)

Battery – maintenance (p. 346)

Battery – symbols (p. 344)

Battery – maintenance

Proper battery maintenance can help prolong its service life.

Maintenance

Use a screw driver to open the caps or cover and a flashlight to inspect the level.

If necessary, add distilled water. The level should never be above the indicator.

The fluid level should be checked if the battery has been recharged.

After inspection, be sure the cap over each battery cell or the cover is securely in place.

Check that the battery cables are correctly connected and properly tightened.

Never disconnect the battery when the engine is running, or when the key is in the ignition. This could damage the vehicle's electrical system.

The battery should be disconnected from the vehicle when a battery charger is used directly on the battery.

To help keep the battery in good condition, the vehicle should be driven for at least 15 minutes a week or connected to a charger with an automatic charging function.

If the battery is fully discharged a number of times, this may shorten its service life. Keeping the battery fully charged helps prolong its service life.

The service life of a battery is affected by factors such as driving conditions and climate. Extreme cold may also further decrease the battery’s starting capacity.

Because the battery’s starting capacity decreases with time, it may be necessary to recharge it if the vehicle is not driven for an extended period of time or if the vehicle is usually only driven short distances.

CAUTION

Always use distilled or deionized water

(battery water).

Never fill above the level mark in the cell.

Related information

Battery – changing (p. 347)

Battery – handling (p. 345)

Battery – symbols (p. 344)

346

Battery – changing

When changing batteries, be sure to use the correct battery for your vehicle. Consult a Volvo retailer or a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.

Changing

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

WARNING

Connect and disconnect the positive and negative cables in the correct sequence.

}}

347

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

||

Removal

Switch off the ignition, remove the remote key from the ignition slot and wait at least 5 minutes before disconnecting the battery so that all information in the vehicle's electrical system can be stored in the control modules.

Open the clips on the front cover and remove the cover.

Release the rubber molding so that the rear cover is free.

Remove the rear cover by pulling it away.

Detach the black negative cable.

Detach the red positive cable tery

Detach the ventilation hose from the bat-

Loosen the screw holding the battery clamp.

Move the battery to the side and lift it up.

WARNING

PROPOSITION 65 WARNING!

Battery posts, terminals, and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals known to the state of California to cause cancer and reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.

Rally bar R-Design models

*

Rally bar and bulkhead hatch

Vehicles with the optional R-Design package are equipped with a rally bar in the engine compartment that must be removed before the battery can be replaced.

1. Remove the hatch in the bulkhead on both sides of the engine compartment (pry them up carefully with a plastic knife or similar object).

2. Remove the screw on each side of the engine compartment holding the rally bar in place.

3. Lift out the rally bar.

> The battery can now be removed (see the instructions in the previous section).

After a new battery has been installed (see the following section), reinstall the rally bar in the reverse order.

NOTE

When reinstalling the rally bar, tighten the screws to 22 ft lbs (30 Nm).

348 * Option/accessory.

Installation

1. Lower the battery into the battery box.

2. Move the battery inward and to the side until it reaches the rear edge of the box.

3. Tighten the clamp that secures the battery.

4. Connect the ventilation hose.

> Be sure that it is correctly connected to the battery and the vent in the vehicle's body.

5. Connect the red positive cable.

6. Connect the black negative cable.

7. Press in the rear cover. (See Removal).

8. Reinstall the molding. (See Removal).

9. Reinstall the front cover and secure it with the clips. (See Removal).

Related information

Battery – handling (p. 345)

Battery – symbols (p. 344)

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

Fuses – introduction

The fuses help protect the vehicle's electrical components from overloading.

There are relay/fuseboxes located in the engine compartment, the passenger compartment and the trunk.

If an electrical component fails to function, this may be due to a blown fuse. The easiest way to see if a fuse is blown is to remove it.

To do so:

1. Pull the fuse straight out. If a fuse is difficult to remove, a special fuse removal tool is located on the inside of the engine compartment fusebox cover

.

2. From the side, examine the curved metal wire in the fuse to see if it is intact.

If the wire is broken, insert a new fuse of the same color and amperage (written on the fuse).

If fuses burn out repeatedly, have the electrical system inspected by a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.

WARNING

Never use metal objects or fuses with higher amperage than those stated on the following pages. Doing so could seriously damage or overload the vehicle's electrical system.

Location of the fuseboxes

Engine compartment

Under the glove compartment

Under the glove compartment

Trunk

Engine compartment cold zone (Start/Stop only)

349

350

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

Fuses – engine compartment

The fuses in the engine compartment protect e.g., engine and brake functions.

Engine compartment, upper

Engine compartment, front

Engine compartment, lower

Positions

These fuses are all located in the engine compartment box. Fuses in

C

are located under

A

.

A decal on the inside of the cover shows the positions of the fuses.

Fuses 1 – 15, 34 and 42 – 44 are relays/ circuit breakers and should only be removed or replaced by a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.

Fuses 16 – 33 and 35 – 41 may be changed at any time when necessary.

There is a special fuse removal tool on the underside of the cover.

Pos Function

Circuit breaker: central electrical module under the glove compartment

A

Circuit breaker: central electrical module under the glove compartment

A

50

50

Pos Function

Circuit breaker: central electrical module in the trunk

A

Circuit breaker: central electrical module under the glove compartment

A

Circuit breaker: central electrical module under the glove compartment

A

Headed windshield

*

, driver's side

Windshield wipers

Climate system blower

A

Headed windshield

*

, passenger's side

ABS pump

ABS valves

Headlight washers

A

60

60

60

40

30

40

40

40

20

20

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

Pos Function

Active Bending Lightsheadlight leveling

*

Central electrical module

(under the glove compartment)

ABS

Adjustable steering force

*

Engine Control Module

(ECM), transmission, SRS

Heated washer nozzles

*

-

-

-

Lighting panel

A

10

20

10

5

-

Relay coils

Auxiliary lights

*

Horn

Relay coils, Engine Control

Module (ECM)

10

5

20

15

5

5

10

}}

* Option/accessory.

351

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

||

Pos Function

Control module - automatic transmission

A/C compressor (not 4cyl. engines)

Relay-coils A/C, relay coils in engine compartment cold zone for Start/Stop

Starter motor relay

A

Engine control module (4cyl. engines)

Ignition coils (5 cyl.

engines)

Engine Control Module (4cyl. engines)

Engine Control Module (5cyl. engines)

4-cyl. engines: mass air meter, thermostat, EVAP valve

5-cyl. engines: Injection system, engine control module

A

15

15

5

30

20

20

10

10

15

Pos Function

A/C compressor (5-cyl.

engines), engine valves, oil level sensor (5-cyl. only)

Engine valves/oil pump/ center heated oxygen sensor (4-cyl. engines)

Front/rear heated oxygen sensors (4-cyl. engines),

EVAP valve (5-cyl.

engines), heated oxygen sensors (5-cyl. engines)

Oil pump/crankcase ventilation heater/coolant pump (5-cyl. engines)

Ignition coils (4-cyl.

engines)

Fuel leakage detection (5cyl. engines), control module for radiator shutter (5cyl. engines)

Fuel leakage detection,

A/C solenoid (4-cyl.

engines)

Coolant pump (4-cyl.

engines)

A

10

15

15

10

15

5

7.5

50

Pos Function

Cooling fan

A

60 or 80

(4-cyl.

engines)

60 (5-cyl.

engines)

100 Power steering

A This position is not used on vehicles with the optional Start/

Stop function, refer to the table "Engine compartment cold

zone" in Fuses – engine compartment cold zone (Start/Stop only) (p. 357).

Related information

Fuses – glove compartment (p. 353)

Fuses – cargo area/trunk (p. 356)

352

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

Fuses – glove compartment

The fuses under the glove compartment protect components such as the infotainment system and optional power seat.

Fusebox A

: General fuses

Fusebox B

: Control module fuses

Fold aside the upholstery covering the fuseboxes.

1. Press the cover's lock and fold it up.

2. The fuses are accessible.

Positions: fusebox A

Pos Function

Circuit breaker for the infotainment system and for fuses 16-20

Windshield washers

-

-

-

A

40

25

Pos

-

Function

Keyless drive

*

(door handles)

Controls in driver's door

Controls in front passenger's door

Controls in right rear passenger's door

A

5

20

20

20

}}

* Option/accessory.

353

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

||

Pos Function

Controls in left rear passenger's door

Keyless drive

*

Power driver's seat

*

Power front passenger's seat

*

-

Infotainment system display

Infotainment system: amplifier, SiriusXM

satellite radio

*

Sensus control module

Bluetooth hands-free system

-

Power moonroof

*

Courtesy lighting, climate system sensor

12-volt sockets in tunnel console

Heated rear seat

*

(passenger's side)

Heated rear seat

*

(driver's side)

A

20

7.5

20

20

5

10

15

5

5

15

15

15

Pos

-

Function

Heated front passenger's seat

*

Heated driver's seat

*

Park assist

*

Blind Spot Information System

(BLIS)

*

, park assist camera

*

All Wheel Drive

*

control module

Active chassis system

*

Positions: fusebox B

Pos Function

-

-

Front courtesy lighting, driver's door power window controls, power seat(s)

*

,

Instrument panel

Adaptive cruise control/collision warning

*

A

15

15

5

15

10

A

7.5

5

10

Pos Function

Courtesy lighting, rain sensor

*

,

HomeLInk

®

Wireless Control System

*

Steering wheel module

Cental locking: fuel filler door

Electrically heated steering wheel

*

Electrically heated windshield

*

Trunk open

Electrical folding rear seat outboard head restraints

*

Fuel pump

Climate system control panel

-

Alarm, On-board diagnostic system

Satellite radio

*

, audio system amplifier

Airbag system, occupant weight sensor

Collision warning system

*

A

7.5

15

10

10

7.5

10

15

20

5

5

10

10

5

354 * Option/accessory.

Pos Function

-

Accelerator pedal sensor, autodim mirror function, heated rear seats

*

Brake lights

Power moonroof

*

Immobilizer

Related information

Fuses – engine compartment (p. 350)

Fuses – cargo area/trunk (p. 356)

Fuses – engine compartment cold zone

(Start/Stop only) (p. 357)

A

7.5

5

20

5

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

* Option/accessory.

355

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

Fuses – cargo area/trunk

The fuses in the cargo area/trunk protect components such as trailer connections, the parking brake, etc.

356

Located behind the upholstery on the left side of the trunk

Positions

Pos Function A

Electric parking brake (left side) 30

Electric parking brake (right side) 30

-

Heated rear window

Trailer socket 2

*

30

15

Pos Function

12-volt socket in trunk

-

-

-

-

A

15

Pos

-

Function

Trailer socket 1

*

Related information

Fuses – engine compartment (p. 350)

Fuses – glove compartment (p. 353)

Fuses – engine compartment cold zone

(Start/Stop only) (p. 357)

A

40

* Option/accessory.

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

Fuses – engine compartment cold zone (Start/Stop only)

5

There are fuses in the engine compartment cold zone on models with the Start/Stop function.

Location of Start/Stop fuses

Positions

Fuses A1, A2 and 1–11 are relays/circuit breakers and should only be removed or replaced by a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.

Fuse 12 may be changed at any time when necessary.

Pos Function

Circuit breaker: central electrical module in the engine compartment

Circuit breaker: fuseboxes under the glove compartment, central electrical module in the trunk

A

175

175

Pos

-

Function

Circuit breaker: fusebox

B

under the glove compartment (see

Fuses – glove compartment

(p. 353))

A

50

5 Option on 4-cyl. engines

}}

357

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

||

Pos Function

Circuit breaker: fusebox

A

under the glove compartment (see

Fuses – glove compartment

(p. 353))

Circuit breaker: fusebox

A

under the glove compartment (see

Fuses – glove compartment

(p. 353))

Circuit breaker: central electrical module in the trunk

Climate system blower

Starter motor relay

Internal diode

Auxiliary battery

Central electrical module: auxiliary battery reference voltage, auxiliary battery charging point

Related information

Fuses – engine compartment (p. 350)

Fuses – glove compartment (p. 353)

A

60

60

60

30

50

70

15

40

Fuses – cargo area/trunk (p. 356)

Start/Stop – introduction (p. 260)

358

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

Washing the vehicle

The vehicle should be washed at regular intervals since dirt, dust, insects and tar spots adhere to the paint and may cause damage. To help prevent corrosion, it is particularly important to wash the car frequently in the wintertime.

The following points should be kept in mind when washing and cleaning the car:

CAUTION

Avoid using car washing detergents with a pH value lower than 3.5 or higher than 11.5.

Doing so could result in discoloring of anodized aluminum surfaces on e.g., roof rails or the frames around the side windows.

Avoid washing your car in direct sunlight.

Doing so may cause detergents and wax to dry out and become abrasive. To avoid scratching, use lukewarm water to soften the dirt before you wash with a soft sponge, and plenty of sudsy water.

Bird droppings

: Remove from paintwork as soon as possible. Otherwise the finish may be permanently damaged.

A detergent can be used to facilitate the softening of dirt and oil.

Dry the car with a clean chamois and remember to clean the drain holes in the doors and rocker panels.

Tar spots can be removed with tar remover after the car has been washed.

A stiff-bristle brush and lukewarm soapy water can be used to clean the wiper blades.

Frequent cleaning of the windshield and wiper blades improves visibility considerably and also helps prolong the service life of the wiper blades.

Wash off the dirt from the underside (wheel housings, fenders, etc).

In areas of high industrial fallout, more frequent washing is recommended.

NOTE

When washing the vehicle, remember to remove dirt from the drain holes in the doors and sills.

CAUTION

During high pressure washing, the spray mouthpiece must never be closer to the vehicle than 13" (30 cm). Do not spray into the locks.

Dirt, snow, etc., on the headlights can reduce lighting capacity considerably.

Clean the headlights regularly, for example when refueling.

Special moonroof cautions:

Always close the moonroof and sun shade before washing your vehicle.

Never use abrasive cleaning agents on the moonroof.

Never use wax on the rubber seals around the moonroof.

Exterior components

Volvo recommends the use of special cleaning products, available at your Volvo retailer, for cleaning colored plastic, rubber, or ornamental components such as chromed strips on the exterior of your vehicle. The instructions for using these products should be followed carefully. Solvents or stain removers should not be used.

The frames around the side windows, roof rails and door frames near the windows

*

are made of anodized aluminum and should only be washed

}}

* Option/accessory.

359

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

|| with a cleaning product with a pH value between

3.5 till 11.5.

Components that should be washed with a cleaning product with a pH value between 3.5 till 11.5 (generic illustration)

CAUTION

Avoid waxing or polishing plastic or rubber components

Polishing chromed strips can wear away or damage the surface

Polishes containing abrasive substances should not be used

Related information

Polishing and waxing (p. 361)

Cleaning the interior (p. 361)

Automatic car wash

The vehicle should be washed at regular intervals since dirt, dust, insects and tar spots adhere to the paint and may cause damage. To help prevent corrosion, it is particularly important to wash the car frequently in the wintertime.

We do NOT recommend washing your car in an automatic wash during the first few months (because the paint will not have hardened sufficiently).

An automatic wash is a simple and quick way to clean your car, but it is worth remembering that it may not be as thorough as when you yourself go over the car with sponge and water. Keeping the underbody clean is most important, especially in the winter. Some automatic washers do not have facilities for washing the underbody.

NOTE

Condensation may form temporarily on the inside of the lenses of exterior lights such as headlights, fog lights, or taillights. This is normal and the lights are designed to withstand moisture. Normally, condensation will dissipate after the lights have been on for a short time.

CAUTION

Before driving into an automatic car wash, turn off the optional rain sensor to avoid damaging the windshield wipers.

Make sure that side view mirrors, auxiliary lamps, etc, are secure, and that any antenna(s) are retracted or removed. Otherwise there is risk of the machine dislodging them.

Chromed wheels:

Clean chrome-plated wheels using the same detergents used for the body of the vehicle. Aggressive wheel-cleaning agents can permanently stain chrome-plated wheels.

WARNING

When the vehicle is driven immediately after being washed, apply the brakes, including the parking brake, several times in order to remove any moisture from the brake linings.

Engine cleaning agents should not be used when the engine is warm. This constitutes a fire risk.

Related information

Polishing and waxing (p. 361)

Cleaning the interior (p. 361)

Washing the vehicle (p. 359)

360

Polishing and waxing

Normally, polishing is not required during the first year after delivery, however, waxing may be beneficial.

Before applying polish or wax the vehicle must be washed and dried. Tar spots can be removed with kerosene or tar remover. Difficult spots may require a fine rubbing compound.

After polishing use liquid or paste wax.

Several commercially available products contain both polish and wax.

Waxing alone does not substitute for polishing a dull surface.

A wide range of polymer-based waxes can be purchased today. These waxes are easy to use and produce a long-lasting, high-gloss finish that protects the bodywork against oxidation, road dirt and fading.

Do not polish or wax your vehicle in direct sunlight (the surface of the vehicle should not be warmer than 113 °F (45 °C).

CAUTION

Volvo does not recommend the use of longlife or durable paint protection coatings, some of which may claim to prevent pitting, fading, oxidation, etc. These coatings have not been tested by Volvo for compatibility with your vehicle's clear coat. Some of them may cause the clear coat to soften, crack, or cloud. Damage caused by application of paint protection coatings may not be covered under your vehicle's paint warranty.

Do not use metal polishing agents on anodized aluminum surfaces. Doing so could result in discoloring and damage the surface finish.

Related information

Washing the vehicle (p. 359)

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

Cleaning the interior

Only use cleaning agents and car care products recommended by Volvo. Clean regularly and follow the instructions included with the car care product.

Cleaning the interior

Upholstery care

Fabric

Clean with soapy water or a detergent. For more difficult spots caused by oil, ice cream, shoe polish, grease, etc., use a clothing/fabric stain remover. Consult your Volvo retailer.

Alcantera

TM

suede-like material

Suede-like upholstery can be cleaned with a soft cloth and mild soap solution.

}}

361

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

||

Leather care

Volvo's leather upholstery is manufactured with a protectant to repel soiling. Over time, sunlight, grease and dirt can break down the protection.

Staining, cracking, scuffing, and fading can result.

Volvo offers an easy-to-use, non-greasy leather care kit formulated to clean and beautify your vehicle's leather, and to renew the protective qualities of its finish. The cleaner removes dirt and oil buildup. The light cream protectant restores a barrier against soil and sunlight.

Volvo also offers a special leather softener that should be applied after the cleaner and protectant. It leaves leather soft and smooth, and reduces friction between leather and other finishes in the vehicle.

Volvo recommends cleaning, protecting and conditioning your vehicle's leather two to four times a year. Ask your Volvo retailer about Leather Care

Kit 951 0251 and Leather Softener 943 7429.

Cleaning leather upholstery

1. Pour leather cleaner on a damp sponge and squeeze it until the cleaner foams.

2. Apply the foam to the stain by moving the sponge with circular movements.

3. Dampen the stain thoroughly with the sponge. Let the sponge absorb the stain, do not rub.

4. Dry the stain with soft paper towels or a towel, and allow the leather to dry completely.

Protecting leather upholstery

1. Put a small amount of protectant cream on a cloth and apply a thin coating of cream to the upholstery with light circular movements.

2. Allow the leather to dry for 20 minutes.

This will help the leather resist staining and protect against sunlight's harmful UV rays.

CAUTION

Under no circumstances should gasoline, naphtha or similar cleaning agents be used on the plastic or the leather since these can cause damage.

Take extra care when removing stains such as ink or lipstick since the coloring can spread.

Use solvents sparingly. Too much solvent can damage the seat padding.

Start from the outside of the stain and work toward the center.

Sharp objects (e.g. pencils or pens in a pocket) or Velcro fasteners on clothing may damage the textile upholstery.

Clothing that is not colorfast, such as new jeans or suede garments, may stain the upholstery.

Cleaning a leather-covered steering wheel

Remove soil, dust, etc., with a damp sponge and a neutral soap solution.

Leather should be allowed to breath. Never cover the steering wheel with a plastic protector.

Volvo recommends cleaning, protecting and conditioning the steering wheel with Volvo's

Leather Care Kit 951 0251 and Leather

Softener 943 7429.

If there are stains on the steering wheel:

Type 1

(ink, wine, coffee, milk, sweat or blood)

Use a soft cloth or sponge. Wipe the wheel with a solution with 5% ammonia. For blood stains, mix approx. 1 cup (2 dl) of water and one ounce (25g) of salt and wipe the stain.

Type 2

(fat, oil, sauces, or chocolate)

1. Same procedure as for type I stains.

2. Finish by rubbing the wheel with absorbent paper or a towel.

Type 3

(dry soil or dust)

1. Remove the soil/dust with a soft brush.

2. Same procedure as for type I stains.

CAUTION

Sharp objects, such as rings, could damage the leather on the steering wheel.

362

Cleaning the seat belts

Clean only with lukewarm water and a mild soap solution.

Cleaning floor mats

The floor mats should be vacuumed or brushed clean regularly, especially during winter when they should be taken out for drying. Spots on textile mats can be removed with a mild detergent.

For best protection in winter, Volvo recommends the use of Volvo rubber floor mats. Consult your

Volvo retailer.

Spots on interior plastic, metal, or wood surfaces

Cleaning interior plastic components should be done with a cleaning agent specially designed for this purpose. Consult your Volvo retailer.

CAUTION

Do not use cleaning agents with high alcohol content such as washer fluid to clean instrument panel glass.

Never spray cleaning agents or water directly onto components with electrical buttons or controls. Clean components of this type by applying the cleaning agent/ water sparingly to a cloth and wiping the components so that no liquid penetrates into these components.

Related information

Washing the vehicle (p. 359)

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

Touching up paintwork

Paint damage requires immediate attention to avoid rusting. Make it a habit to check the finish regularly, for instance washing the vehicle.

Touch-up if necessary.

Paint repairs require special equipment and skill.

Contact your Volvo retailer for any extensive damage.

Minor scratches can be repaired by using Volvo touch-up paint.

Color code

Sample color code: US models

}}

363

||

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING

NOTE

When touching up the vehicle, it should be clean and dry. The surface temperature should be above 60 °F (15 °C).

Repairing stone chips

5. After a few days, polish the touched-up areas. Use a soft rag and a small amount of polish.

Related information

Label information (p. 366)

364

Sample color code: Canadian models

Make sure you have the right color. See Label information (p. 366) for the location of this label

(label number 4 in the illustration).

Minor stone chips and scratches

Material:

Primer – can

Paint – touch-up pen

Brush

Masking tape

If the stone chip has not gone down to the bare metal and an undamaged color coat remains, you can add paint immediately after removing dirt.

1. Place a strip of masking tape over the damaged surface. Pull the tape off so that any loose flakes of paint adhere to it.

2. Thoroughly mix the primer and apply it with a small brush.

3. When the primer surface is dry, the paint can be applied using a brush. Mix the paint thoroughly; apply several thin paint coats and let dry after each application.

4. If there is a longer scratch, you may want to protect surrounding paint by masking it off

SPECIFICATIONS

366

SPECIFICATIONS

Label information

The labels in your vehicle provide information such as the chassis number, paint code, tire inflation pressure, etc.

SPECIFICATIONS

Location of labels

List of labels

Vehicle Emission Control Information.

Your Volvo is designed to meet all applicable emission standards, as evidenced by the certification label on the underside of the hood.

For further information regarding these regulations, please consult your Volvo retailer.

}}

367

SPECIFICATIONS

||

Engine oil.

This label contains the recommended engine oil specifications.

Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).

The

VIN plate is located on the top left surface of the dashboard. The Vehicle Identification

Number (VIN) should always be quoted in all correspondence concerning your vehicle with the retailer and when ordering parts.

Tire inflation pressures.

This label indicates the correct inflation pressures for the tires that were on the vehicle when it left the factory.

Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards

(FMVSS) specifications (USA) and Ministry of Transport (CMVSS) standards

(Canada).

Your Volvo is designed to meet all applicable safety standards, as evidenced by the certification label on the driver's side Bpillar (the structural member at the side of the vehicle, at the rear of the driver's door opening). This label also includes codes for paint color, etc. For further information regarding these regulations, please consult your

Volvo retailer. U.S. models have the upper decal; Canadian models have the lower one.

Related information

Weights (p. 371)

Engine specifications (p. 373)

368

Dimensions

This section lists your vehicle's most important dimensions.

Dimensions–S60

Position

A

B

C

D

E

F

Dimension

Ground clearance (curb weight + 2 people)

A

Wheelbase

Length

Load length, floor, seatback down

Load length, floor

Height

SPECIFICATIONS in. (mm)

4.9 (124 )

109.3 (2776)

182.5 (4635)

68.9 (1749)

38.0 (965)

58.4 (1484)

}}

369

||

SPECIFICATIONS

Position

G

H

I

Dimension

Load height

Track, front

Track, rear

J

K

Load width, floor

Width

L

M

Width incl. door mirrors (folded out)

Width incl. door mirrors (folded in)

A

B

C

D

Varies slightly depending on tire size, optional sport chassis, etc.

with 16" wheels with 17" wheels

With keyless drive

370 in. (mm)

19.4 (492)

62.5 (1588)

B

/

62.1 (1578)

C

62.4 (1585)

B

/

62.0 (1575)

C

36.2 (919)

72.7 (1847)

73.5 (1866)

D

82.6 (2097)

74.8 (1899)

Weights

The following table lists important weight data for your vehicle.

Category

Gross vehicle weight

4-cyl. FWD

A

4-cyl. AWD

B

Capacity weight

4-cyl. FWD

4-cyl. AWD

Permissible axle weights, front

4-cyl. FWD

4-cyl. AWD

Permissible axle weights, rear

4-cyl. FWD

4-cyl. AWD

Curb weight

Max. roof load

USA

4720 lbs

4870 lbs

1025 lbs

1025 lbs

2560 lbs

2630 lbs

2270 lbs

2370 lbs

3510 - 3830 lbs

165 lbs

Canada

2140 kg

2210 kg

465 kg

465 kg

1160 kg

1195 kg

1030 kg

1075 kg

1580 - 1740 kg

75 kg

SPECIFICATIONS

}}

371

SPECIFICATIONS

||

Category

Max. trailer weights

Without brakes

With brakes, 1 7/8” ball

With brakes, 2” ball

Max. tongue weight

A

B

Front Wheel Drive

All Wheel Drive

Related information

Loading specifications (p. 302)

Loading specifications – load limit (p. 302)

USA

1650 lbs

2,000 lbs

3,300 lbs

165 lbs

Canada

750 kg

900 kg

1500 kg

75 kg

372

SPECIFICATIONS

Engine specifications

The following table provides technical data for the respective engines. Engine specifications for

Special Edition vehicles may vary.

Engine specifications

Engine T6 / T6 AWD

Engine designation

Output (kW/rps)

Output (hp/rpm)

Torque (Nm/rps)

Torque (ft. lbs./rpm)

No. of cylinders

Bore (in/mm)

Stroke (in/mm)

Displacement

Compression ratio

B4204T9

225/95

302/5700

400/35–75

295/1500–4500

4

3.23/82

3.67/93.2

1.97 liters (120.2 cu. in.)

10.3:1

Some of the engines listed here may not be available in all markets.

T5

B4204T12

179/93

240/5600

350/25-75

258/1500–4500

4

3.23/82

3.67/93.2

1.97 liters (120.2 cu. in.)

10.8:1

T5 / T5 AWD

B4204T11

179/93

240/5600

350/25-75

258/1500–4500

4

3.23/82

3.67/93.2

1.97 liters (120.2 cu. in.)

10.8:1

Related information

Coolant – specification and volume (p. 376)

Oil specifications (p. 374)

Oil volume (p. 375)

Polestar

B4204T43

270/95

362/5700

470/35-75

347/1500-4500

4

3.23/82

3.67/93.2

1.97 liters (120.2 cu. in.)

9.1:1

373

SPECIFICATIONS

Oil specifications

Full synthetic engine oil meeting the minimum

ACEA A5/B5 must be used. Lower quality oils may not offer the same fuel economy, engine performance, or engine protection.

Volvo recommends:

Oil viscosity

Incorrect viscosity oil can shorten engine life under normal use. SAE 5W-30 will provide good fuel economy and engine protection. See the viscosity chart.

Related information

Oil volume (p. 375)

Engine compartment – engine oil (p. 329)

374

Refer to the warranty and Service Records information booklet for information on oil change intervals and oil type requirements.

NOTE

This vehicle comes from the factory with synthetic oil.

Oil additives must not be used.

Viscosity chart

Extreme engine operation

SAE 0W-30 oil meeting ACEA A5/B5 requirements is recommended for extreme driving conditions.

CAUTION

4-cylinder engines only:

Volvo oil VCC

RBS0-2AE/SAE 0W20 is recommended for extreme driving conditions.

This oil must never

be used in 5- or 6-cylinder engines.

Oil volume

The following table provides the recommended oil volume for the engine in your vehicle. Some

Engine model

B4204T43

All other 4-cylinder engines

Related information

Engine compartment – engine oil (p. 329)

Oil specifications (p. 374)

engines may not be available in all markets.

Engine specifications for Special Edition vehicles may vary.

Approx. volume (incl. filter)

5.7 US qts (5.4 liters).

5.9 US qts (5.6 liters)

SPECIFICATIONS

375

SPECIFICATIONS

Coolant – specification and volume

The table lists coolant volumes and specifications.

System

B4204T9

B4204T12

B4204T11

B4204T43

Volume

8.7 US qts.

(8.3 liters)

Specification

Coolant with corrosion inhibitor mixed with water (50/50 mix), see packaging.

Related information

Engine compartment – coolant (p. 332)

Transmission oil – specification and volumes

The table lists transmission oil

1

volumes and specifications.

Specification

Automatic transmission

TF-80SD

Volume

TG-81SC

TF-71SC

7.4 US qts

(7 liters)

7 US qts ( 6.6

liters)

7.1 US qts (6.8

liters)

Related information

Label information (p. 366)

Transmission fluid

AW1

Brake fluid – specification and volume

Brake fluid transfers braking force when the brake pedal is depressed to the master cylinder and to the slave cylinders on each wheel.

Specification:

Volvo Original Dot 4 class 6 or equivalent

Volume:

0.63 US qts (0.6 liters)

Related information

Engine compartment – brake fluid (p. 333)

376

1 Under normal driving conditions the transmission oil does not need changing during its service life. However, it may be necessary under adverse driving conditions.

Power steering – specification

This fluid is used to help reduce and regulate steering force.

Specification:

Power steering fluid recommended by Volvo.

Related information

Engine compartment – power steering fluid

(p. 333)

Fuel tank volume – specification and volume

The table lists the fuel tank volume for your vehicle.

Volume

17.8 US gallons (67.5 liters)

Specification

Related information

Refueling – opening/closing fuel filler door

(p. 280)

Refueling – opening/closing fuel cap

(p. 281)

Refueling – octane rating (p. 278)

Engine specifications (p. 373)

SPECIFICATIONS

377

378

SPECIFICATIONS

Tire inflation – pressure table

The following tire pressures are recommended by Volvo for your vehicle. Refer to the tire infla-

Tire size

235/45 R17

215/50 R17

235/40 R18

235/45 R18

235/40 R19

Temporary spare tire

A

T125/80R17

A Available as an accessory

WARNING

235/45 R18 or 235/40 R19 tires may never be used on vehicles that are not equipped with the R-design or the Sport chassis options. Using 235/45 R18 or 235/40 R19 tires on vehicles equipped with the standard chassis presents a safety risk and the risk of damage to the vehicle, and impairs the vehicle’s driving characteristics.

tion placard (see Tire inflation – general information (p. 298) for its location) for information spe-

cific to the tires installed on your vehicle at the factory.

Some of the tire sizes listed here may not be available for all models in all markets.

Cold tire pressure for up to five persons

Front psi (kPa)

36 (250)

38 (260)

Rear psi (kPa)

36 (250)

38 (260)

60 (420)

NOTE

Please consult a Volvo retailer’s Parts department for the most up-to-date specifications.

60 (420)

Air conditioning – specification and volume

The air conditioning system in your vehicle contains the following:

Refrigerant

: R134a (HFC134a)

Volume:

1.7 lbs (770 g)

Compressor oil

: PAG

Battery specifications

If the battery is replaced, replace it with a battery of the same cold start capacity as the original

(see the decal on the battery).

General information

WARNING

PROPOSITION 65 WARNING!

Battery posts, terminals, and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals known to the state of California to cause cancer and reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.

12 volt system with a voltage-regulated alternator. Single pole system in which the chassis and engine block are used as conductors. The negative terminal is connected to the chassis.

12 Voltage (V)

Cold start capacity

(Cold Cranking

Amperes - CCA) (A)

Dimensions, L×W×H in.

(mm)

Capacity (Ah)

760

10.9×6.9×7.5

(278×175×190)

70

SPECIFICATIONS

Symbols – general information

The following tables list the most common warning and indicator lights and symbols and a reference to where more detailed information can be found.

Introduction

The symbols in the vehicle's various displays are divided into three main categories:

Warning symbols

Indicator symbols

Information symbols

The following tables list the most common symbols, their meaning and the pages in this manual that provide more detailed information.

NOTE

Not all of the symbols shown in the related articles are available in all models or on all markets. Local variations may occur.

Warning symbol

: The red warning symbol illuminates to indicate a problem related to safety and/or drivability. A message will also appear in the main instruments panel's display.

Information symbol

: The information symbol illuminates and a text message is displayed to provide the driver

}}

379

SPECIFICATIONS

|| with necessary information about one of the vehicle's systems.

Related information

Information displays – indicator symbols

(p. 67)

Information displays – warning symbols

(p. 69)

Information display – messages (p. 109)

Warning symbols

The following tables list the most common warning and indicator lights and symbols and a reference to where more detailed information can be found.

: The red warning symbol illuminates to indicate a problem related to safety and/or drivability. A message will also appear in the main instruments panel's display.

: The information symbol illuminates and a text message is displayed to provide the driver with necessary information about one of the vehicle's systems.

Symbols in the main instrument panel

Warning symbols in the instrument panel

Symbol Description See

Low oil pressure

(p. 69)

Parking brake

A

SRS airbags

Seat belt reminder

Generator not charging

(p. 69)

(p. 69)

(p. 69)

(p. 69)

Symbol Description

Fault in the brake system

See

(p. 69)

Warning symbol

(p. 69)

A The symbol is

Park

only on models with the optional digital instrument panel.

Related information

Information displays – indicator symbols

(p. 67)

Information displays – warning symbols

(p. 69)

Information display – messages (p. 109)

380

Indicator symbols

The following tables list the most common warning and indicator lights and symbols and a reference to where more detailed information can be found.

: The red warning symbol illuminates to indicate a problem related to safety and/or drivability. A message will also appear in the main instruments panel's display.

: The information symbol illuminates and a text message is displayed to provide the driver with necessary information about one of the vehicle's systems.

Indicator symbols in the instrument panel

Symbol Description See

(p. 67)

Fault in the Active Bending Light (ABL)

* system

Malfunction indicator light

Anti-lock brake system

(ABS)

Rear fog lights on

(p. 67)

(p. 67)

(p. 67)

Stability system, Hill

Descent Control, Trailer

Stability Assist

*

(p. 67)

Symbol Description

Tire pressure monitoring sensor (TPMS)

Low fuel level

See

(p. 67)

(p. 67)

Information symbol, see text in information display

High beam indicator

(p. 67)

(p. 67)

Left turn signal indicator

(p. 67)

Right turn signal indicator

Stability system , Sport mode

(p. 67)

(p. 167)

Related information

Information displays – indicator symbols

(p. 67)

Information displays – warning symbols

(p. 69)

Information display – messages (p. 109)

SPECIFICATIONS

Information symbols

The following tables list the most common warning and indicator lights and symbols and a reference to where more detailed information can be found.

: The red warning symbol illuminates to indicate a problem related to safety and/or drivability. A message will also appear in the main instruments panel's display.

: The information symbol illuminates and a text message is displayed to provide the driver with necessary information about one of the vehicle's systems.

Information symbols in the instrument panel

Symbol Description See

(p. 175)

Adaptive Cruise Control

*

Adaptive Cruise Control

*

Adaptive Cruise Control

*

Adaptive Cruise Control

*

(Distance alert)

Radar sensor

*

(p. 175)

(p. 175)

(p. 175)

(p. 185)

}}

* Option/accessory.

381

SPECIFICATIONS

||

Symbol Description

Camera sensor, laser sensor

See

(p. 207)

(p. 200)

Collision Warning with

Full Auto-brake and

Pedestrian Detection

*

Active Bending Lights

(ABL)

*

(p. 212)

(p. 86)

Driver Alert System

*

(p. 214)

Driver Alert System

*

(p. 214)

Parking brake

Rain sensor

*

Active High Beams

(AHB)

*

Windshield sensor

*

(p. 271)

(p. 94)

(p. 85)

(p. 85)

Symbol Description

Driver Alert System

*

(Lane Departure

Warning/Lane

Keeping Aid)

Driver Alert System

*

(Lane Departure

Warning/Lane

Keeping Aid)

Driver Alert System

*

(Lane Departure

Warning/Lane

Keeping Aid)

Fuel tank on passenger's side of the vehicle

See

(p. 220)

(p. 220)

(p. 220)

(p. 280)

Related information

Information displays – indicator symbols

(p. 67)

Information displays – warning symbols

(p. 69)

Information display – messages (p. 109)

Information symbols – ceiling console

The following tables list the most common warning and indicator lights and symbols and a reference to where more detailed information can be found.

: The red warning symbol illuminates to indicate a problem related to safety and/or drivability. A message will also appear in the main instruments panel's display.

: The information symbol illuminates and a text message is displayed to provide the driver with necessary information about one of the vehicle's systems.

Symbol Description

Seat belt reminder

See

(p. 30)

Occupant Weight Sensor

(p. 36)

Related information

Information displays – indicator symbols

(p. 67)

Information displays – warning symbols

(p. 69)

Information display – messages (p. 109)

382 * Option/accessory.

Information symbols – center console

The following tables list the most common warning and indicator lights and symbols and a reference to where more detailed information can be found.

: The red warning symbol illuminates to indicate a problem related to safety and/or drivability. A message will also appear in the main instruments panel's display.

: The information symbol illuminates and a text message is displayed to provide the driver with necessary information about one of the vehicle's systems.

Symbol Description

Audio files

CD folder

Video files

Bluetooth-connected cell phone

See

Sensus Infotainment supplement

Sensus Infotainment supplement

Sensus Infotainment supplement

Sensus Infotainment supplement

Symbol Description

Bluetooth

TM hands-free

HD radio

See

Sensus Infotainment supplement

Sensus Infotainment supplement

(p. 230)

Park Assist

*

Related information

Information displays – indicator symbols

(p. 67)

Information displays – warning symbols

(p. 69)

Information display – messages (p. 109)

SPECIFICATIONS

* Option/accessory.

383

INDEX

A

ABS (anti-lock brake system)

Accessory installation warning

Active high beams

Active yaw control

269

22

85

166, 167

Adaptive brake lights

Adaptive cruise control

Airbags disconnecting the front passenger’s side front inflatable curtain side impact

270

175, 176

36

33

41

39

Air conditioning

Air distribution

Air distribution table

Air vents

Alarm

All Wheel Drive

Ambient temperature sensor

Anti-freeze

Anti-lock brake system warning light

Anti-lock Brake System (ABS)

Approach lighting

127, 128

123, 129

131

123

162, 163, 164

267

72

277, 332

68

269

92, 147

Auto-dim rearview mirror

Automatic locking retractor

Automatic transmission

Eco (driving function)

Geartronic general description oil shiftlock override

Axle weight

B

Battery maintenance remote key, replacing replacing specifications start/stop warning symbols

Blind Spot Information System (BLIS)

Cross Traffic Alert (CTA)

346, 347

152

347

379

379

344

243

246

Booster cushions

Brake lights

Brake system

ABS

Brake pad inspection checking fluid level

54

270

269

268

333

99

47

265

257

255, 257

376

259

302

INDEX emergency brake assistance fluid general information

270

376

267

Bulbs headlights introduction license plate lights specifications

334, 335, 336, 337, 338

334

340

341

taillight trunk lighting

339

341

C

Camera, Park Assist

Capacity weight

239

302

Catalytic converter

281

Central locking system, introduction

144,

145, 146, 148, 151

Chains

Check Engine warning light

305

68

Child restraints recalls and registration

Child restraint systems booster cushions convertible seats infant seats

47

47

54

52

49

385

386

INDEX

ISOFIX/LATCH anchors top tether anchors

Child safety booster cushions child restraint systems convertible seats infant seats

Child safety locks

City safety

58

194, 195

Climate system air distribution air vents

Interior Air Quality System introduction passenger compartment filter refrigerant

128

123, 129, 131

123

121

120

121

120

55

56

46

54

47

52

49

Clock, setting

Cold weather driving

73

277

Collision warning system

Compass in rearview mirror

201, 203, 206,

207, 209, 210

100

Connected service booking

Conserving electrical current

Convertible seats

Coolant

Cooling system, general information

Corner traction control

325

276

52

332, 376

275

166

Courtesy lighting

Crash event data

Crash mode

Cruise control adaptive

Curb weight

Current, conserving

Cyclist detection

91

17

44, 45

172, 173, 175

175

302

276

205, 209

D

Daytime running lights

Defroster

Detachable key blade

83

128

149, 150

Disconnecting the front passenger’s airbag 36

Distance Alert

190

Dome lighting

Door mirrors

91

97, 98

Driver alert

Lane Departure Warning

214, 215, 216, 218

220, 221,

222, 223

Lane Keeping Aid

225, 226, 228, 229

Driver distraction warning

22

Driving economically

Driving in cold weather

282

277

Driving through water

275

E

ECC

Eco (driving function)

Eco coast

Eco guide

Economical driving

Electrically heated steering wheel

Electrical sockets

Electric parking brake

Electronic Climate Control air distribution table

Interior Air Quality System

Electronic oil level sensor

126, 127

265

265

271, 272, 274

125, 127

131

122

330

66

282

83

136

Electronic stability control

Emergency locking retractor

Emergency starting

Emergency towing

166

47

254

286, 287

Emission inspection readiness

Engine overheating specifications

Start/Stop

325

70

373

260, 261, 262, 263, 264

starting switching off

Engine compartment overview

Engine Drag Control (EDC)

Engine oil checking low pressure warning light volumes

Engine remote start (ERS)

Environment

F

Federal Clean Air Act

Flat tires repairing with tire sealing system

Floor mats cleaning placing correctly

322

314

363

250

Fluid specifications

Fog lights rear

376, 377

Front airbags disconnecting passenger’s side airbag

68

89

33

36

Front park assist

230, 238

250

252, 253

328

166

374

329

69

375

252

21

Front seats heated

Fuel filler cap

Fuel filler door, opening

Fuel level warning light

Fuel requirements

Fuel tank volume

Fuses

75

126

281

280, 281

68

277, 278

377

349, 350, 356

G

Garage door opener

HomeLink

®

Wireless Control System

103, 104

Gasoline requirements

Gas tank volume

Gauges

278

377

63

Geartronic

Geartronic automatic transmission

Generator warning light

Glossary of tire terminology

Grocery bag holder

Gross vehicle weight

141

302

257

257

69

303

INDEX

H

Hazard warning flashers

Headlights

Active Bending Lights active high beams changing bulbs daytime running lights high/low beams high beam flash tunnel detection

89

86

85

335, 336, 337, 338

83

84

84

86

94

79

Headlight washers

Head restraints, rear seat

Heated front seats

Heated oxygen sensors

Heated rear seats

Heated steering wheel

Heated windshield

High beams active

99, 128

84

85

Hill Start Assist (HSA)

Hoisting the vehicle

255

324

HomeLink

®

Wireless Control System 103,

104

Home safe lighting

92

Hood, opening/closing

327

126

281

126

83

387

388

INDEX

Horn

82

I

ID, Volvo

Ignition modes

Immobilizer

Important information

Indicator lights

Infant seats

Inflatable Curtain

Inflation pressure

Inflation pressure table

298, 299

378

Information and warning symbols, table of 379

Information lights

63, 65, 69

Inspection readiness

Instrument lighting

"theater" lighting

325

88

88

Instrument overview

Instrument panel

Interior Air Quality System

Interior lighting

Internet connection booking service

ISOFIX/LATCH anchors

20

73, 74

146

13

63, 65, 69

49

41

60, 63

63, 108, 109

121

91

325

55

J

Jack attaching location of

Jump starting

293

293

254

Leather care

Lighting panel

Loading the vehicle roof loads

Locking

Locking the vehicle

Locks, child safety

Low beams

Low coolant level

Low oil pressure warning light

362

83

138, 140, 302

139

157, 158, 160

147

58

84

332

69

K

Key blade

144, 145, 146, 148, 149, 150,

151, 154

private locking valet locking

150

150

Keyless drive general description starting the vehicle

Keyless locking/unlocking

153

155, 156

250

153

L

Labels list of location of

367

367

Lane Departure Warning (LDW) 220, 221,

222, 223

Lane Keeping Aid

225, 226, 228, 229

LATCH anchors

55

M

Main instrument panel

Maintenance hoisting the vehicle performed by the owner

Malfunction indicator light

Messages in the instrument panel

Mirrors defroster power door rearview, auto-dim function retractable vanity

Moonroof

108, 109

322

324

323

68

108, 109

99

97, 98

99

97, 98

137

101, 102

Motor oil checking volumes

O

Occupant safety

Occupant weight sensor

Octane recommendations

Odometer, trip

Oil checking volumes

Oil level sensor

Oil quality

OK button

Option/accessory

Outside temperature sensor

Overhead courtesy lighting

Overheating, engine

Ownership, changing

Oxygen sensors, heated

108, 109

13

72

91

329

375

330

374

70

17

281

26

36

278

73

329

375

P

Paint, touching up

Park assist

Park Assist Camera

Park Assist Pilot

Parking brake electric, applying/releasing warning light

Parking lights

Pedestrian detection

Polishing

Power front seat memory function

Power meter

Power mirrors defroster

Power moonroof

363

230, 238

239

234

271, 272, 274

69

88

206, 209

361

76

66

97, 98

99

101, 102

Power steering adjustable fluid

Power steering fluid

Power windows

170

333

377

96

Pregnancy, using seat belts during

Private locking

PROPOSITION 65 WARNING

31

150

254, 348, 379

R

Rain sensor

Rear fog lights

Rear park assist

Rear seats center head restraint folding heated

INDEX

94

89

230, 238

79

79, 81

126

389

390

INDEX key blade

144, 145, 146, 148, 149,

150, 151

locking the vehicle

147

replacing the battery unlocking the vehicle

152

147

Reporting safety defects

Roadside Assistance

27

23

Road sign information (RSI)

Roof loads

170

139

S

Safety, occupant

Safety defects, reporting

Safety mode

Seat belt reminder

30

Seat belts

Automatic locking retractor/Emergency locking retractor buckling maintenance

47

29

29

pretensioners reminder

28

30

reminder warning light

69

securing child restraint systems 49, 52, 54

unbuckling

29

26

27

44

use during pregnancy using

Seats, front

Sensus

Service connected service booking

31

28

75, 76

107

Shiftlock override

Side door mirrors

Side impact airbags

Sign information (RSI)

Snow chains

Snow tires

Spare tire

Spin control

SRS

325

13

259

97, 98

39

170

305

305, 306

296

166, 167

31

Stability system

Corner Traction Control (CTC)

166, 167, 168

166

Engine Drag Control (EDC) indicator light

166

68

Start/Stop (engine function)

260, 261,

262, 263, 264

Starting the engine remote start with keyless drive

250

252

250

T

Starting the vehicle after a crash (crash mode)

Start inhibitor (immobilizer)

Steering wheel adjusting heated horn keypad

Steering wheel paddles

Stone chips, touching up

Storage spaces

Studded tires

Sunroof (moonroof)

Sun shade

Supplemental restraint system warning light

Symbols, overview

Tailgate wiper/washer

Taillights, changing bulbs

Temperature sensor ambient

Temporary spare tire

44, 45

146

363

134

305, 306

101, 102

82

83

82

82

82

96, 97

31

69

379

95

339

72

296

INDEX

Three-way catalytic converter

Tire designations

Tire inflation pressure

281

300

378

Tire Monitor

Tire Pressure Monitoring System indicator light

307, 308, 309

310, 313

68

Tires age changing from summer to winter glossary of terms improving economy inflation pressure inflation pressure table rotation snow spare specifications speed ratings storing studded tire pressure monitoring system tire sealing system tread wear indicator uniform tire quality grading

290

291

293

303

292

298, 299

378

290

305, 306

296

300

300

291

305, 306

310

314

292

304

Tire sealing system

Top tether anchors (child restraint systems)

Touching up paint

314

56

363

Towing a trailer

Towing the vehicle

Traction control

Trailer towing

Transmission general description

Hill Start Assist oil shiftlock override

Tread wear indicator

Trip computer

Trip odometers

Trips, long distance

Trunk changing bulbs opening manually

Tunnel detection

Turn signals changing bulbs indicator lights

283, 285

286, 287

166, 167

283, 285

255, 257

255

376

259

292

110

73

276

341

161

86

90

338

68

V

Valet locking

Vanity mirror changing bulbs

Vehicle Event Data

Vehicle information

Vehicle loading roof loads

Vehicle maintenance performed by the owner

Vehicle weights

Volvo and the environment

Volvo ID

Volvo maintenance

Volvo programs

Volvo Roadside Assistance

Volvo Sensus

U

Uniform Tire Quality Grading

Unlocking the vehicle

304

147, 157, 158, 160

W

Warning flashers, hazard

Warning lights

Warning symbol

Warning system, collision

150

137

341

17

19

138, 140, 302

139

20

322

23

23

107

322

323

371

21

89

63, 65, 69

70

201, 203, 209

391

392

INDEX

Warranties

Washer fluid

Washers headlight windshield

Water, driving through

Waxing

Weights

Wheels changing storing

Whiplash Protection System

Windows power sun shade

Windshield heated rain sensor washers wipers/washers

Windshield washer fluid

Windshield wipers service position

Wiper blades replacing

99, 128

94

94

93

344

342

342

342, 343

322

344

94

93

275

361

371

290

293

291

42

96

96

TP 23393 (English - USA & Canada), AT 1717, MY18, Copyright

©

2000-2017 Volvo Car Corporation

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