The Shooting Menu. Nikon 1 J1

The Shooting Menu. Nikon 1 J1

i

The Shooting Menu

To display the shooting menu, press

G

and select the shooting menu tab ( C , y , 1 , or z ).

G

button

The shooting menu contains the following options:

Option

Reset shooting options

Exposure mode

Image quality

Image size

Continuous

Frame rate

Movie settings

Metering

Description

Reset shooting options to default values.

Choose how the camera sets shutter speed and aperture.

Choose a file format and compression ratio.

Choose a size for new photos.

Take photos one at a time or in a burst.

Choose a frame rate for

slow-motion movies (

0

40).

Choose HD movie frame

size and frame rate ( 0 37).

Choose how the camera meters exposure.

Default

0

105

h

Scene auto selector 106

JPEG normal

3872×2592

Single frame

400 fps

1080/60i

Matrix

114

114

26

116

116

117

i

103

i

Option

White balance

ISO sensitivity

Picture Control

Custom Picture

Control

Description

Adjust settings for different types of lighting.

Control the camera’s sensitivity to light.

Choose how the camera processes pictures.

Create custom Picture Controls.

Color space

Active D-Lighting

Fade in/fade out

Choose a color space for new pictures.

Avoid loss of detail in highlights and shadows.

Long exposure NR

Reduce noise in long timeexposures.

High ISO noise reduction

Reduce noise at high ISO sensitivities.

Shoot HD movies with fade in/fade out effects.

Movie sound options

Default

Auto

Auto (100–3200)

Standard

— sRGB

On

Off

On

None

0

119

124

125

129

131

132

133

133

133

Choose sound recording options.

Microphone:

Auto sensitivity (A)

Wind noise reduction:

On

134

Interval timer shooting

Vibration reduction

Focus mode

AF-area mode

Take photos at a preselected interval.

Adjust settings for lenses with vibration reduction.

Choose how the camera focuses.

Choose how the focus area is selected.

00:01’:00”, 001

Active/On 1

See page 137

Auto-area 2

135

136

137

142

104

Option

Face-priority AF

Built-in AF assist

Description

Turn face-priority AF on or off.

Control the built-in AFassist illuminator.

Default

On

On

3

0

145

145

Flash compensation

Control flash output.

0.0

146

1

Varies with lens (

0

136).

2

The camera focuses on the subject in the center of the frame when

10 fps

is selected for

Electronic (Hi)

or

Slow motion

is selected as the movie type.

3

Face detection is not available when

10 fps

is selected for

Electronic (Hi)

or

Slow motion

is selected as the movie type.

Reset Shooting Options

Select

Yes

to reset the options in the shooting menu and other

shooting settings to default values ( 0 103).

i

105

i

106

Exposure Mode

The options in the exposure mode menu offer varying degrees of control over shutter speed and aperture.

h

Scene auto selector

An automatic, “point-and-shoot” mode in which the camera not only chooses shutter speed and aperture

but adjusts other settings to suit the subject ( 0 21).

P Programmed auto

The camera sets shutter speed and aperture for optimal exposure (

0 108).

S Shutter-priority auto

You choose the shutter speed; the camera selects an aperture for best results (

0

109).

A Aperturepriority auto

M Manual

You choose the aperture; the camera selects a shutter speed for best results (

0 110).

You control both shutter speed and aperture (

0 111).

Set shutter speed to “Bulb” or “Time” for long time-exposures.

A

ISO Sensitivity (P, S, A, and M Modes)

When an “auto” option is selected for

ISO sensitivity

, the camera will automatically adjust sensitivity within the selected range if optimal exposure can not be achieved at the selected shutter speed or aperture.

A

Shutter Speed and Aperture

The same exposure can be achieved with different combinations of shutter speed and aperture. Fast shutter speeds and large apertures freeze moving objects and soften background details, while slow shutter speeds and small apertures blur moving objects and bring out background details.

Shutter speed Aperture

Fast shutter speed (

1

/

1,600

s) Large aperture (f/5.6)

Slow shutter speed (1 s) Small aperture (f/16)

(Remember, the higher the f-number, the smaller the aperture.)

i

107

i

P

Programmed Auto

In this mode, the camera automatically adjusts shutter speed and aperture for optimal exposure in most situations. This mode is recommended for snapshots and other situations in which you want to leave the camera in charge of shutter speed and aperture.

1 Choose a combination of shutter speed and aperture.

Although the shutter speed and aperture chosen by the camera will produce optimal results, you can also choose from other combinations that will produce the same exposure (“flexible program”). Press

W

up for large apertures (low f-numbers) that blur background details or fast shutter speeds that “freeze” motion. Press down for small apertures (high f-numbers) that increase depth of field or slow shutter speeds that blur motion.

U is displayed while flexible program is in effect.

W

control

2 Frame a photograph, focus, and shoot.

A

Restoring Default Shutter Speed and Aperture Settings

To restore default shutter speed and aperture settings, press W up or down until U is no longer displayed, choose another mode, rotate the mode dial, or turn the camera off. The default shutter speed and aperture is automatically restored when the camera enters standby mode.

108

S

Shutter-Priority Auto

In shutter-priority auto, you choose the shutter speed while the camera automatically selects the aperture that will produce the optimal exposure. Use slow shutter speeds to suggest motion by blurring moving subjects, fast shutter speeds to “freeze” motion.

Fast shutter speed (

1

/

1,600

s) Slow shutter speed (1 s)

1 Choose a shutter speed.

Press W up for faster shutter speeds, down for slower shutter speeds.

Choose from values between 30 s and

1

/

16,000

s.

W

control

2 Frame a photograph, focus, and shoot.

i

109

A

Aperture-Priority Auto

In aperture-priority auto, you choose the aperture while the camera automatically selects the shutter speed that will produce the optimal exposure. Large apertures (low f-numbers) reduce depth of field, blurring objects behind and in front of the main subject. Small apertures (high f-numbers) increase depth of field, bringing out details in the background and foreground.

Short field depths are generally used in portraits to blur background details, long field depths in landscape photographs to bring the foreground and background into focus.

Large aperture (f/5.6) Small aperture (f/16)

1 Choose an aperture.

Press W up for smaller aper tures

(higher f-numbers), down for larger apertures (lower f-numbers). The minimum and maximum values depend on the lens currently in use.

W

control

i

2 Frame a photograph, focus, and shoot.

110

M

Manual

In manual exposure mode, you control both shutter speed and aperture.

1 Choose shutter speed and aperture.

Adjust shutter speed and aperture with reference to the exposure indicator (see below). Shutter speed is set by pressing

W

up for faster speeds and down for slower speeds: choose from values between 30 s and

1

/

16,000

s or select “Bulb” or “Time” to hold the shutter open indefinitely for a long time-exposure. Aperture is selected by rotating the multi selector clockwise for smaller apertures (higher f-numbers) and counterclockwise for larger apertures (lower f-numbers): choose from values between the minimum and maximum for the lens.

W

control

2 Frame a photograph, focus, and shoot.

A

The Exposure Indicator

When shutter speeds other than “Bulb” or

“Time” are selected, the exposure indicator shows whether the photograph would be under- or over-exposed at current settings.

Optimal exposure Underexposed by 1

/

3

EV Overexposed by over 2 EV

i

111

i

112

❚❚

Long Time-Exposures (Manual Exposure Mode Only)

Select the following shutter speeds for long time-exposures of moving lights, the stars, night scenery, or fireworks.

Bulb

: The shutter remains open while the shutter-release button is held down.

To prevent blur, use a tripod.

• Time

: Requires an optional ML-L3

remote control ( 0 158). Start the expo-

sure by pressing the ML-L3 shutterrelease button. The shutter remains open until the button is pressed a second time.

1 Ready the camera.

Mount the camera on a tripod or place it on a stable, level surface. To prevent loss of power before the exposure is complete, use a fully charged EN-EL20 battery or an optional

EH-5b AC adapter and EP-5C power connector. Note that noise (bright spots, randomly-spaced bright pixels, or fog) may be present in long exposures; before shooting, choose

On

for

Long exposure NR

in the shooting menu (

0

133).

2 Choose a shutter speed.

Press

W

down until “Bulb” is selected for shutter speed. For a shutter speed of “ Time”, select a remote control

mode ( 0 53) after choosing the shut-

ter speed.

W

control

3 Open the shutter.

Bulb

: After focusing, press the shutter-release button all the way down. Keep the shutter-release button pressed until the exposure is complete.

Time

: Press the ML-L3 shutter-release button all the way down.

The shutter will open immediately or after a two-second delay.

4

Close the shutter.

Bulb

: Take your finger off the shutter-release button.

Time

: Press the ML-L3 shutter-release button all the way down.

Shooting ends automatically after two minutes. Note that some time may be required to record long exposures.

i

113

i

Image Quality

Choose a file format and compression ratio for photographs taken in still image and Smart Photo Selector modes.

Option File type

NEF (RAW)

JPEG fine

JPEG normal

JPEG basic

NEF (RAW) +

JPEG fine

NEF

JPEG

NEF/

JPEG

Description

Compressed 12-bit raw data from the image sensor are saved directly to the memory card. White balance, contrast, and other settings can be adjusted on a computer after shooting.

Record JPEG images at a compression ratio of roughly 1 : 4 (fine quality).

Record JPEG images at a compression ratio of roughly 1 : 8 (normal quality).

Record JPEG images at a compression ratio of roughly 1 : 16 (basic quality).

Two images are recorded: one NEF (RAW) image and one fine-quality JPEG image.

Image Size

Choose the size of photographs taken in still image and Smart

Photo Selector modes.

Option Size (pixels)

#

3872×2592

3,872 × 2,592

$

2896×1944

2,896 × 1,944

%

1936×1296

1,936 × 1,296

Approximate print size at 300 dpi (cm/in.)

32.8 × 21.9/12.9 × 8.6

24.5 × 16.5/ 9.7 × 6.5

16.4 × 11 .

/ 6.5 × 4.3

*

*

Print size in inches equals image size in pixels divided by printer resolution in

d

ots

p

er

i

nch (dpi; 1 inch=approximately 2.54 cm).

114

A

NEF (RAW)/NEF (RAW) + JPEG

The option selected for image size does not affect the size of NEF (RAW) images. NEF (RAW) images can be viewed on the camera or using soft-

ware such as Capture NX 2 (available separately;

0

158) or ViewNX 2

(supplied).

When photographs taken at NEF (RAW) + JPEG are viewed on the camera, only the JPEG image will be displayed. When photographs taken at these settings are deleted, both NEF and JPEG images will be deleted.

A

File Names

Photos and movies are stored as image files with names of the form

“xxx_

nnnn

.

yyy

,” where

xxx

is either NMS (Motion Snapshots) or DSC

(other photos and movies),

nnnn

a four-digit number between 0001 and 9999 assigned automatically in ascending order by the camera, and

yyy

one of the following three letter extensions: “NEF” for NEF

(RAW) images, “JPG” for JPEG images, or “MOV” for movies. The NEF and JPEG files recorded at settings of NEF (RAW)+JPEG have the same file names but different extensions. Trimmed copies created with

Edit movie

(

0

100) have file names beginning with “DSC_”; copies created

with the other retouch options in the playback menu have file names beginning with “CSC” (e.g., “CSC_0001. JPG”). Images recorded with

Adobe RGB

selected for

Color space

( 0 131) have names that begin

with an underscore (e.g., “_DSC0001.JPG”).

A

Image Quality and Size

Together, image quality and size determine how much space each photograph occupies on the memory card. Larger, higher quality images can be printed at larger sizes but also require more memory, meaning that fewer such images can be stored on the memory card (

0

169).

i

115

Frame Rate

Choose a frame rate for slow motion movies (

0

40). The faster

the frame rate, the smaller the frame size.

Option

400 fps

Frame size (pixels)

640 × 240

Bit rate

(approx.)

1.8 Mbps

Maximum length

(shooting)

5 seconds

Maximum length

(playback)

*

1 minute

6 seconds

1200 fps

320 × 120 0.6 Mbps 5 seconds

3 minutes

20 seconds

*

All figures are approximate. Slow motion movies will play back over a period of about 13.2 (400 fps) or 40 (1200 fps) times the recording time.

A

See Also

For information on the total length of movies that can be stored on the

memory card, see page 169.

i

Movie Settings

Choose a frame size and frame rate for HD movies (

0

37).

Option Frame size (pixels) Recording rate Maximum length

t

1080/60i

1,920 × 1,080 59.94 fields/s * r

1080/30p

u

720/60p

1,920 × 1,080

1,280 × 720

29.97 fps 24 Mbps 20 minutes

59.94 fps

24 Mbps

16 Mbps

20 minutes

29 minutes

*

Sensor output is about 60 fps.

Bit rate

(approx.)

A

Photo Frame Size

Photographs recorded by pressing the shutter-release button all the

way down during movie recording ( 0 39) have an aspect ratio of 16 : 9.

The frame size varies with the option selected for

Movie settings

:

• 1080/60i

: 3,840 × 2,160

• 1080/30p

: 1,920 × 1,080

• 720/60p

: 1,280 × 720

A

See Also

For information on the total length of movies that can be stored on the

memory card, see page 169.

116

Metering

Choose how the camera sets exposure. Regardless of the option selected, metering is automatically adjusted to suit the scene when h

Scene auto selector

is selected for

Exposure mode

.

L

N

Matrix

Spot

The camera meters a wide area of the frame and adjusts for contrast (tone distribution), color, composition, and subject distance, producing natural results in most situations.

M

Centerweighted

The camera meters the entire frame but assigns the greatest weight to the center area. This is the classic meter for portraits and is recommended if you are using filters with an exposure factor (filter factor) over 1×.

The camera meters the current focus area; use to meter offcenter subjects (if

Auto-area

is selected for

AF-area mode

as described on page 142, the camera will meter the center

focus area, while during face-priority AF the camera will meter the focus area closest to the center of the selected face;

0 23). Spot metering ensures that the subject will be

correctly exposed, even when framed against a background that is much brighter or darker.

i

117

Autoexposure Lock

Exposure lock is used to recompose photographs after metering exposure. It is most effective when used with center-weighted or spot metering (

0 117) to frame off-center subjects that are

much brighter or darker than their surroundings or to optimize exposure for an object other than your main subject.

1 Meter exposure.

Position the subject in the center of the frame and press the shutterrelease button halfway to meter exposure. Check that the focus area is displayed in green.

i

2 Lock exposure.

With the shutter-release button pressed halfway and the subject positioned in the focus area, press 1 ( A ) to lock exposure. While exposure lock is in effect, an

AE-L

indicator will be displayed. Exposure will remain locked while 1 ( A ) is pressed, even if you later remove your finger from the shutter-release button.

A

See Also

For information on changing the role of the

1

(

A

) button, see page 152.

118

3 Recompose the photograph.

Keeping the 1 ( A ) button pressed, recompose the photograph and shoot. The option selected for

Metering

can not be changed while exposure lock is in effect.

White Balance

White balance ensures that colors are unaffected by the color of the light source. Auto white balance is recommended for most light sources, but other values can be selected if necessary according to the type of source. Regardless of the option selected, white balance is automatically adjusted to suit the scene if h

Scene auto selector

is selected for

Exposure mode

.

v

Auto

Automatic white balance adjustment. Recommended in most situations.

J

Incandescent

I

Fluorescent

H

Direct sunlight

Use with subjects lit by direct sunlight.

N

Flash

Use with the built-in flash.

G

Cloudy

M

Shade

Use under incandescent lighting.

Use with cool-white fluorescent lighting.

Use in daylight under overcast skies.

Use in daylight with subjects in the shade.

L

Preset manual

Measure white balance ( 0 121).

i

119

Fine-Tuning White Balance

Options other than

Preset manual

can be fine-tuned as follows:

1 Display fine-tuning options.

Highlight an option other than

Preset manual

and press 2 to display the fine-tuning options shown at right.

Coordinates

2 Fine-tune white balance.

Use the multi selector to fine-tune white balance.

Increase green

Adjustment

Increase blue Increase amber

i

Increase magenta

A

White Balance Fine Tuning

The colors on the fine-tuning axes are relative, not absolute. For example, moving the cursor to

B

(blue) when a “warm” setting such as

J

(incandescent) is selected will make photographs slightly

“colder” but will not actually make them blue.

3 Save changes and exit.

Press J . An asterisk will appear next to the white balance icon (

0

4) in the detailed display (

0

5) to show that white

balance has been altered from default values.

120

Preset Manual

Preset manual is used to record and recall custom white balance settings for shooting under mixed lighting or to compensate for light sources with a strong color cast.

1

Light a reference object.

Place a neutral gray or white object under the lighting that will be used in the final photograph. A standard gray panel can be used for increased precision.

2 Select Preset manual .

Highlight

Preset manual

in the white balance menu and press

2

. The dialog shown at right will be displayed; highlight

Yes

and press J to overwrite the existing value for preset manual white balance.

The message shown at right will be displayed.

i

121

i

122

3 Measure white balance.

When the camera is ready to measure white balance, a flashing L will be displayed. Before the indicator stops flashing, frame the reference object so that it fills the display and press the shutter-release button all the way d o w n . N o p h o t o g r a p h w i l l b e recorded; white balance can be measured accurately even when the camera is not in focus.

4 Check the results.

If the camera was able to measure a value for white balance, the message shown at right will be displayed. To return to shooting mode immediately, press the shutter-release button halfway.

If lighting is too dark or too bright, the camera may be unable to measure white balance. The message at right

will be displayed. Return to Step 3 and

measure white balance again.

D

Auto Power Off

White balance measurement will end without a new value being acquired if no operations are performed for the time selected for

Auto power off

in the setup menu (

0

151; the default is 30 s).

D

Preset White Balance

The camera can store only one value for preset white balance at a time; the existing value will be replaced when a new value is measured. Note that exposure is automatically increased by 1 EV when measuring white balance; if

M Manual

is selected for

Exposure mode

, adjust exposure so that the exposure indicator shows ±0 (

0 111).

A

Color Temperature

The perceived color of a light source varies with the viewer and other conditions. Color temperature is an objective measure of the color of a light source, defined with reference to the temperature to which an object would have to be heated to radiate light in the same wavelengths. While light sources with a color temperature in the neighborhood of 5,000–5,500 K appear white, light sources with a lower color temperature, such as incandescent light bulbs, appear slightly yellow or red. Light sources with a higher color temperature appear tinged with blue. The camera white balance options are adapted to the following color temperatures:

Sodium-vapor lamps :

2,700 K

J (incandescent) /

Warm-white fluorescent

:

3,000 K

White fluorescent :

3,700 K

I Cool-white fluorescent :

4,200 K

Day white fluorescent :

5,000 K

H

(direct sunlight) :

5,200 K

N (flash) :

5,400 K

G

(cloudy)

:

6,000 K

Daylight fluorescent :

6,500 K

Mercury-vapor lamps :

7,200 K

M

(shade) :

8,000 K

i

123

i

124

ISO Sensitivity

“ISO sensitivity” is the digital equivalent of film speed. The higher the sensitivity, the less light needed to make an exposure, allowing faster shutter speeds or smaller apertures, but the more likely the image is to be affected by “noise” in the form of randomly-spaced bright pixels, fog, or lines. Noise is particularly likely at a setting of

Hi 1

(equivalent to ISO 6400).

x

Auto (100–3200)

The camera adjusts ISO sensitivity in response to w

Auto (100–800)

lighting conditions. ISO sensitivity is adjusted in the range given in brackets; choose larger ranges v

Auto (100–400)

for increased sensitivity when lighting is poor, smaller ranges to reduce noise.

100, 200, 400, 800, 1600,

3200, Hi 1

ISO sensitivity is fixed at the selected value.

A

Auto (100–3200)/Auto (100–800)/Auto (100–400)

ISO-A

appears at the bottom of the display when auto ISO sensitivity control is in effect.

Picture Control

Choose how the camera processes photographs. Regardless of the option selected, the camera automatically chooses Picture

Controls to suit the scene when h

Scene auto selector

is selected for

Exposure mode

.

Q

R

S

Standard

Neutral

Vivid

Standard processing for balanced results. Recommended in most situations.

Minimal processing for natural results. Choose for photographs that will later be extensively processed or retouched.

Pictures are enhanced for a vivid, photoprint effect.

Choose for photographs that emphasize primary colors.

T

Monochrome

Take monochrome photographs.

e

Portrait

Process portraits for natural texture and a rounded feel.

f

Landscape

Take vibrant photographs of landscapes and cityscapes.

Modifying Picture Controls

Existing preset and custom Picture Controls ( 0 129) can be

modified to suit the scene or your creative intent.

1 Display options.

Highlight an item in the Picture Control menu and press

2

to display Picture Control settings (

0

127; the

settings available with custom Picture

Controls are the same as the preset controls on which they are based). To use an unmodified Picture Control, highlight it and press

J

.

i

125

i

126

2 Adjust settings.

Press

1

or

3

to highlight the desired setting and press 4 or 2 to choose a value. Repeat this step until all settings have been adjusted, or select

Quick adjust

(

0

127) to choose a preset combination of set-

tings. Default settings can be restored by pressing the

O

button.

3

Save changes and exit.

Press

J

.

A

Preset Picture Controls Versus Custom Picture Controls

The Picture Controls supplied with the camera are referred to as

preset

Picture Controls

.

Custom Picture Controls

are created through modifications to existing Picture Controls using the

Custom Picture Control

option in the shooting menu (

0

129). If desired, custom Picture Con-

trols can be saved to a memory card and copied to other Nikon 1 J1 cameras or loaded into compatible software (

0

130).

A

Modified Picture Controls

Picture Controls that have been modified from default settings are indicated by asterisks (“*”) next to the Picture Control name

and icon in the Picture Control menu (

0

125)

and next to the Picture Control icon ( 0 4) in

the detailed display (

0

5).

❚❚

Picture Control Settings

Quick adjust

Choose from options between

–2

and

+2

to reduce or exaggerate the effect of the selected Picture Control

(note that this resets all manual adjustments). For example, choosing positive values for

Vivid

makes pictures more vivid. Not available with

Neutral

,

Monochrome

, or custom Picture Controls.

Sharpening

Control the sharpness of outlines. Select

A

to adjust sharpening automatically according to the type of scene, or choose from values between

0

(no sharpening) and

9

(the higher the value, the greater the sharpening).

Contrast

Brightness

Select

A

to adjust contrast automatically according to the type of scene, or choose from values between

–3

and

+3

(lower values prevent highlights in portrait subjects from being “washed out” in direct sunlight, while higher values preserve detail in misty landscapes and other low-contrast subjects).

*

Choose

–1

for reduced brightness,

+1

for enhanced brightness. Does not affect exposure.

*

Saturation

Hue

Filter effects

Control the vividness of colors. Select

A

to adjust saturation automatically according to the type of scene, or choose from values between

–3

and

+3

(lower values reduce saturation and higher values increase it).

Choose negative values (to a minimum of

–3

) to make reds more purple, blues more green, and greens more yellow, positive values (up to

+3

) to make reds more orange, greens more blue, and blues more purple.

Simulate the effect of color filters on monochrome photographs. Choose from

Off

, yellow, orange, red, and

green (

0

128).

Toning

Choose the tint used in monochrome photographs from

B&W

(black-and-white),

Sepia

,

Cyanotype

(bluetinted monochrome),

Red

,

Yellow

,

Green

,

Blue Green

,

Blue

,

Purple Blue

, and

Red Purple

(

0

128).

*

Not available if Active D-Lighting ( 0 132) is on; reset if Active D-Lighting is

activated after value is changed.

i

127

i

D

“A” (Auto)

Results for auto sharpening, contrast, and saturation vary with exposure and the position of the subject in the frame.

A

The Picture Control Grid

Pressing W

up in Step 2 displays a Picture

Control grid showing the contrast and saturation for the selected Picture Control in relation to the other Picture Controls (only contrast is displayed when

Monochrome

is selected). Release the W control to return to the Picture Control menu.

The icons for Picture Controls that use auto contrast and saturation are displayed in green in the Picture Control grid, and lines appear parallel to the axes of the grid.

A

Previous Settings

The line under the value display in the Picture

Control setting menu indicates the previous value for the setting. Use this as a reference when adjusting settings.

A

Filter Effects (Monochrome Only)

The options in this menu simulate the effect of color filters on monochrome photographs. The following filter effects are available:

Y

(yellow)

Enhance contrast. Can be used to reduce the brightness

O

(orange)

R

(red) of the sky in landscape photographs. Orange produces more contrast than yellow, red more contrast than orange.

G

(green) Softens skin tones. Can be used for portraits.

Note that the effects achieved with

Filter effects

are more pronounced than those produced by physical glass filters.

A

Toning (Monochrome Only)

Pressing 3 when

Toning

is highlighted displays saturation options. Press

4

or

2

to adjust saturation. Saturation control is not available when

B&W

(black-and-white) is selected.

128

Custom Picture Control

The Picture Controls supplied with the camera can be modified and saved as custom Picture Controls.

Edit/Save

To create a custom Picture Control, select

Edit/save

and follow the steps below.

1 Select a Picture Control.

Highlight an existing Picture Control and press 2 , or press J to proceed to

Step 3 to save a copy of the high-

lighted Picture Control without further modification.

2 Edit the selected Picture Control.

See page 127 for more information. To

abandon any changes and start over from default settings, press the

O

button. Press J when settings are complete.

3 Save the Picture Control.

Highlight a destination (C-1 through

C-9) and press J to save the custom

Picture Control and return to the shooting menu.

The new Picture Control will be listed in the

Picture Control

menu.

i

129

i

Load from/Save to Card

Custom Picture Controls created using the Picture Control Utility available with ViewNX 2 or optional sof tware such as

Capture NX 2 can be copied to a memory card and loaded into the camera, or custom Picture Controls created with the camera can be copied to the memory card to be used in other Nikon 1 J1 cameras and compatible software and then deleted when no longer needed.

To copy custom Picture Controls to or from the memory card, or to delete custom Picture Controls from the memory card, select

Load from/save to card

in the

Custom Picture Control

menu.

The following options will be displayed:

Copy to camera

Copy custom Picture Controls from the memory card to custom Picture Controls C-1 through C-9.

Delete selected custom Picture

Controls from the memory card. The confirmation dialog shown at right will be dis-

Delete from card

played before a Picture Control is deleted; to delete the selected Picture Control, highlight

Yes

and press J .

Copy to card

Copy a custom Picture Control (C-1 through C-9) to a selected destination (1 through 99) on the memory card.

A

Copy to Card

Up to 99 custom Picture Controls can be stored on the memory card at any one time. The memory card can only be used to store user-created custom Picture Controls. The preset Picture Controls supplied with the camera can not be copied to the memory card or deleted.

A

Custom Picture Control > Delete

The

Delete

option in the

Custom Picture Control

menu can be used to delete selected custom Picture Controls when they are no longer needed.

130

Color Space

The color space determines the gamut of colors available for color reproduction. Choose

sRGB

for photos that will be used

“as is,” with no further modification,

Adobe RGB

for photos that will be extensively processed or retouched after leaving the camera. Note that regardless of the option selected, sRGB is used for movies and Motion Snapshots and for photos recorded in movie mode.

A

Color Space

Color spaces define the correspondence between colors and the numeric values by which they are represented in a digital image file.

The sRGB color space is widely used, while Adobe RGB is typically used in publishing and commercial printing. sRGB is recommended when taking photographs that will be printed without modification or viewed in applications that do not support color management, or when taking photographs that will be printed with ExifPrint, the direct printing option on some household printers, or kiosk printing or other commercial print services. Adobe RGB photographs can also be printed using these options, but colors will not be as vivid.

JPEG photographs taken in the Adobe RGB color space are DCF compliant; applications and printers that support DCF will select the correct color space automatically. If the application or device does not support

DCF, select the appropriate color space manually. For more information, see the documentation provided with the application or device.

A

Nikon Software

ViewNX 2 (supplied) and Capture NX 2 (available separately) automatically select the correct color space when opening photographs created with this camera.

i

131

i

132

Active D-Lighting

Active D-Lighting preserves details in highlights and shadows for natural contrast. Use with high contrast scenes such as a brightly lit outdoor view framed in a door or window or a subjects in the shade on a sunny day. It is most effective when used with

Matrix

metering (

0

117).

Active D-Lighting:

Off

Active D-Lighting:

Y

On

D

Active D-Lighting

Noise (randomly-spaced bright pixels, fog, or lines) may appear in photographs taken with Active D-Lighting. Uneven shading may be visible with some subjects.

A

“Active D-Lighting” Versus “D-Lighting”

The

Active D-Lighting

option in the shooting menu is used to adjust exposure during shooting to optimize the dynamic range, while the

D-Lighting

option in the playback menu ( 0 97) is used to optimize

dynamic range in images after shooting.

Long Exposure NR

Photographs taken at slow shutter speeds are automatically processed to reduce “noise” (bright spots, randomly-spaced bright pixels, or fog), slightly increasing recording times. Selecting

On

increases the amount of noise reduction performed at shutter speeds slower than 1 s and increases the time required to record images by roughly 1.5 to 2 times. During processing, a warning will be displayed and pictures can not be taken (if the camera is turned off before processing is complete, the picture will be saved but noise reduction will not be performed). In continuous release mode, frame rates will slow and while photographs are being processed, the capacity of the memory buffer will drop.

High ISO Noise Reduction

Select

On

to reduce “noise” (randomly-spaced bright pixels, lines, or fog). If

Off

is selected, noise reduction will only be performed at high ISO sensitivities; the amount of noise reduction is less than that performed when

On

is selected.

Fade in/Fade Out

Add fade in and fade out effects at the beginning and end of HD movies shot with the camera.

y

Fade (white)

The movie fades in from white and fades out to white.

z

Fade (black)

The movie fades in from black and fades out to black.

OFF None

Fade in and fade out effects are not added to movies.

i

133

i

134

Movie Sound Options

Adjust movie sound recording settings for the built-in microphone.

❚❚

Microphone

Select

Microphone off

to disable sound recording. Selecting any other option enables recording and sets the microphone to the selected sensitivity.

A

The

2

Icon

Movies recorded with the microphone off are indicated by a

2

icon in full-frame and movie playback.

❚❚

Wind Noise Reduction

Select

On

to enable the low-cut filter, reducing noise produced by wind blowing over the microphone (note that other sounds may also be affected).

Interval Timer Shooting

Take photographs automatically at preset intervals.

D

Before Shooting

Before proceeding, check that the clock is set correctly (

0

18, 154) and

then take a test shot at current settings and view the results in the monitor.

Use of a tripod is recommended. To ensure that shooting is not interrupted, be sure the battery is fully charged or use an optional EH-5b AC adapter and EP-5C power connector.

1 Select Interval / Number of shots .

Highlight

Interval

/

Number of shots

and press 2 to display interval timer options.

2 Adjust settings.

Press

4

or

2

to highlight hours, minutes, or seconds and press 1 or 3 to choose an interval longer than the slowest anticipated shutter speed, then highlight the number of intervals and press

1

or

3

to change. Press

J to return to the interval timer shooting menu when settings are complete.

3 Start shooting.

Highlight

Start

and press

J

. Shooting will start after about 3 s, and continue at the selected interval until all the shots have been taken (one shot is taken at each interval). Note that the pause following the recording of each shot varies with shutter speed and the time needed to record the image, with the result that photographs may not be recorded at the selected interval. Photos may also not be recorded if the shutter can not be released (for example, because the camera is unable to focus).

i

135

i

A

Interval Timer Photography

A warning will be displayed if the camera is unable to start interval timer photography at current settings (for example, when “Bulb” is selected for shutter speed). While interval timer photography is in progress, settings can not be adjusted and the camera will not turn off automatically (

0

17).

A

Interrupting Interval Timer Photography

Interval timer shooting ends and interval timer settings are reset when the camera is turned off, the battery is exhausted, the memory card is full, the mode dial is rotated to a new setting, or the G or K button is pressed.

Vibration Reduction

This option is available with lenses that supports vibration reduction (VR). The options available vary with the type of lens:

Normal

/

Active

/

Off

for lenses that support active vibration reduction and

On

/

Off

for other VR lenses. Choose

Active

,

Normal

, or

On

to reduce the effects of vibration; choose

Active

when shooting from a moving vehicle or while walking or for other forms of strong camera shake,

Normal

for the relatively mild camera shake that occurs while standing still.

A

Vibration Reduction

When the camera is panned, vibration reduction applies only to motion that is not part of the pan (if the camera is panned horizontally, for example, vibration reduction will be applied only to vertical shake), making it much easier to pan the camera smoothly in a wide arc. The composition may appear to change after the shutter is released, but this does not indicate a malfunction.

136

Focus Mode

Choose how the camera focuses (note that focus mode selection is not available in h

Scene auto selector

mode;

0

21, 106).

AF-A

AF-S

Auto-select AF

: The camera automatically selects AF-S if the subject is stationary, AF-C if it is moving.

*

Single AF

: For stationary subjects. Focus locks when the shutterrelease button is pressed halfway.

*

AF-C

Continuous AF

: For subjects in motion. The camera focuses continuously while the shutter-release button is pressed halfway. Photos can be taken whether or not the camera is in focus.

AF-F

Full-time AF

: For subjects in motion. The camera focuses continuously; photos can be taken whether or not the camera is in focus.

MF

Manual focus

: Focus manually ( 0 140). Photos can be taken whether

or not the camera is in focus.

*

Shutter can only be released if camera is able to focus.

A

Focus Mode

The options available vary with the shooting mode.

Still image mode

Movie mode

HD movie

Slow motion

Smart Photo Selector

Motion Snapshot

AF-A (default), AF-S, AF-C, MF

AF-F (default), AF-S, MF

AF-S (default), MF

AF-A

AF-S i

137

i

138

A

The AF-Assist Illuminator

If the subject is poorly lit, the AF-assist illuminator will light automatically to assist the autofocus operation when the shutterrelease button is pressed halfway. The AFassist illuminator is available in still image,

Smart Photo Selector, and Motion Snapshot modes and lights only if:

AF-assist illuminator

• AF-S

is selected for focus mode or single AF selected in

AF-A

focus mode,

• Auto-area

is selected for

AF-area mode

(

0

142) or the center focus

area ( 0 23) is selected for

Single-point

, and

• On

is selected for

Built-in AF assist

in the shooting menu ( 0 145).

Larger lenses may prevent the illuminator lighting all or part of the subject.

Remove lens hoods when using the illuminator.

A

See Also

See page 151 for information on controlling the beep that sounds

when the camera focuses.

A

Getting Good Results with Autofocus

Autofocus does not perform well under the conditions listed below.

The shutter release may be disabled if the camera is unable to focus under these conditions, or the focus area may be displayed in green and the camera may sound a beep, allowing the shutter to be released even when the subject is not in focus. In these cases, focus manually

(

0

140) or use focus lock ( 0 143) to focus on another subject at the

same distance, and then recompose the photograph.

There is little or no contrast between the subject and the background.

Example

: The subject is the same color as the background.

The subject contains objects at different distances from the camera.

Example

: The subject is inside a cage.

The subject is dominated by regular geometric patterns.

Example

: Blinds or a row of windows in a skyscraper.

The subject contains areas of sharply contrasting brightness.

Examples

: The subject is half in the shade; a night scene with point illumination.

Background objects appear larger than the subject.

Example

: A building is in the frame behind the subject.

The subject contains many fine details or is made up of objects that are small or lack variation in brightness.

Example

: A field of flowers.

i

139

i

140

Manual Focus

Manual focus can be used when autofocus does not produce the desired results.

1 Highlight Manual focus .

Press 1 or 3 to highlight

Manual focus

(

0

137).

2 Display the manual focus guides.

Press J to magnify the view at the center of the frame and display manual focus guides.

3 Focus.

Rotate the multi selector until the subject is in focus. Rotate the multi selector clockwise to increase the focus d i s t a n c e , c o u n t e r c l o c k w i s e t o decrease; the faster you rotate the multi selector, the quicker the focus distance changes. The focus indicator shows the approximate focus distance. Press J when the subject is in focus.

Multi selector dial

: Focus

To magnify the view in the display by up to about 10× for precise focus, press the W control up. Press 1 , 2 , 3 , or 4 to view areas of the frame not currently visible in the display; the visible portion is shown by the navigation window. To zoom out, press the W control down.

W

control

: Zoom in or out

Focus indicator

Navigation window

A

Movies

The multi selector can also be used to choose the focus distance if manual focus is selected during movie recording. Rotate the multi selector clockwise to increase the focus distance, counterclockwise to decrease; the faster you rotate the multi selector, the quicker the focus distance changes.

A

Focal Plane Position

To determine the distance between your subject and the camera, measure from the focal plane mark on the camera body. The distance between the lens mounting flange and the focal plane is approximately 17 mm

(0.7 in.).

Approx.

17 mm

Focal plane mark

i

141

i

AF-Area Mode

Choose how the focus area for autofocus is selected.

e c

Autoarea

Singlepoint

9

Subject tracking

The camera automatically detects the subject and selects the focus area.

Press J to view the focus area selection display, then use the multi selector to position the focus area over your subject and press

J

; the camera focuses on the subject in the selected focus area only. Use with stationary subjects.

Focus

area

Press J to view the focus area selection display, then use the multi selector to position the focus area over your subject and press

J

. The focus area will track the subject as it moves through the area shown at right. The camera will focus on the selected subject when the shutter-release button is pressed halfway. To end focus tracking when shooting is complete, press

J

.

Focus

area

Subject tracking area

A

Subject Tracking

The camera may be unable to track subjects if they move quickly, leave the frame or are obscured by other objects, change visibly in size, color, or brightness, or are too small, too large, too bright, too dark, or similar in color or brightness to the background.

142

Focus Lock

Focus lock can be used to change the composition after focusing on the subject in the center of the frame, allowing you to focus on a subject that will not be in the center of the final composition. If the camera is unable to focus using autofocus (

0 139),

you can also focus on another subject at the same distance and then use focus lock to recompose the photograph. Focus lock is most effective when an option other than

Auto-area

is selected for

AF-area mode

(

0 142).

1

Focus.

Position the subject in the center of the frame and press the shutterrelease button halfway to initiate focus. Check that the focus area is displayed in green. If

AF-S

is selected for focus mode (

0

137), focus will lock

while the shutter-release button is pressed halfway.

i

143

2 Lock focus.

With the shutter-release button pressed halfway, press 1 ( A ) to lock both focus and exposure (an

AE-L

indi-

cator will be displayed; 0 118). Focus

will remain locked while

1

(

A

) is pressed, even if you later remove your finger from the shutter-release button.

A

See Also

For information on changing the role of the

1

(

A

) button, see page 152.

3 Recompose the photograph and shoot.

Focus will remain locked between shots if you keep 1 ( A ) pressed, allowing several photographs in succession to be taken at the same focus setting.

i

Do not change the distance between the camera and the subject while focus lock is in effect. If the subject moves, focus again at the new distance.

144

Face-Priority AF

Choose

On

to enable face-priority AF (

0

23).

Built-in AF Assist

If

On

is selected, the built-in AF-assist illuminator will light to illuminate poorly-lit subjects in still image, Smart Photo Selector, or Motion Snapshot mode if:

• AF-S

is selected for focus mode (

0 137)

or single AF is selected in

AF-A

, and

• Auto-area

is selected for

AF-area mode

(

0

142) or the center focus area

is selected for

Single-point

.

AF-assist illuminator

If

Off

is selected, the AF-assist illuminator will not light to assist the focus operation. Autofocus may not produce the desired results when lighting is poor.

A

See Also

See page 138 for information on using the AF-assist illuminator. Infor-

mation on the modes in which AF-assist is available may be found on

page 49.

i

145

i

146

Flash Compensation

Flash compensation alters flash output from the level suggested by the camera, changing the brightness of the main subject relative to the background. Choose from values between –3 EV

(darker) and +1 EV (brighter) in increments of

1

/

3

EV; in general, positive values make the subject brighter while negative values make it darker.

A

Y

icon is displayed when flash compensation is in effect. Normal flash output can be restored by setting flash compensation to ±0. Flash compensation is not reset when the camera is turned off.

Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement

Table of contents