Chapter 4. Introduction to DigiCell. MSI MS-7028 (V1.0B)

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Chapter 4. Introduction to DigiCell. MSI MS-7028 (V1.0B) | Manualzz

BIOS Setup

Chapter 3. BIOS Setup

BIOS Setup

This chapter provides information on the BIOS Setup program and allows you to configure the system for optimum use. You may need to run the Setup program when:

” An error message appears on the screen during the system boot up, and requests you to run SETUP.

” You want to change the default settings for customized features.

MSI Reminds You...

1. The items under each BIOS category described in this chapter are under continuous update for better system performance.

Therefore, the description may be slightly different from the latest

BIOS and should be held for reference only.

2. While booting up, the BIOS version is shown in the 1st line appearing after the memory count. It is usually in the format: example: A7028IMS V1.0BH 04/23/04 where:

1st digit refers to BIOS maker as A=AMI(R); W=AWARD(R)

2nd - 5th digit refers to the model number.

6th - 7th digit refers to the customer, MS=all standard customers.

V1.0BH refers to the BIOS version.

04/23/04 refers to the date this BIOS is released.

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MS-7028 ATX Mainboard

Entering Setup

Power on the computer and the system will start POST (Power On Self Test) process.

When the message below appears on the screen, press <DEL> key to enter Setup.

DEL: Setup Menu TAB: Logo F11: Boot Menu F10: Flash Recovery

If the message disappears before you respond and you still wish to enter Setup, restart the system by turning it OFF and On or pressing the RESET button. You may also restart the system by simultaneously pressing <Ctrl>, <Alt>, and <Delete> keys.

Selecting the First Boot Device

You are allowed to select the 1st boot device without entering the BIOS setup utility by pressing <F11>. When the same message as listed above appears on the screen, press <F11> to trigger the boot menu.

The POST messages might pass by too quickly for you to respond in time. If so, restart the system and press <F11> after around 2 or 3 seconds to activate the boot menu similar to the following.

Floppy

IDE-0

CDROM

[Up/Dn] Select

Select First Boot Device

: 1st Floppy

: IBM-DTLA-307038

: ATAPI CD-ROM DRIVE 40X M

[RETURN] Boot [ESC] cancel

The boot menu will list all the bootable devices. Select the one you want to boot from by using arrow keys and then pressing <Enter>. The system will boot from the selected device. The selection will not make changes to the settings in the BIOS setup utility, so next time when you power on the system, it will still use the original first boot device to boot up.

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BIOS Setup

Control Keys

<

>

<

>

<

>

<

>

Move to the previous item

Move to the next item

Move to the item in the left hand

Move to the item in the right hand

<Enter> Select the item

<Esc> Jumps to the Exit menu or returns to the main menu from a submenu

<+>

<->

<F6>

<F7>

<F10>

Increase the numeric value or make changes

Decrease the numeric value or make changes

Load Optimized Defaults

Load Fail-Safe Defaults

Save all the CMOS changes and exit

Getting Help

After entering the Setup utility, the first screen you see is the Main Menu.

Main Menu

The main menu displays the setup categories the BIOS supplies. You can use the arrow keys (

↑↓ ) to select the item. The on-line description for the selected setup category is displayed at the bottom of the screen.

Default Settings

The preset Optimal Defaults of the BIOS setup program provide optimal performance settings for all devices and the system.

MSI Reminds You...

The items under each BIOS category described in this chapter are under continuous update for better system performance. Therefore, the description may be slightly different from the latest BIOS and should be held for reference only.

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MS-7028 ATX Mainboard

The Main Menu

Once you enter AMIBIOS NEW SETUP UTILITY, the Main Menu will appear on the screen. Use arrow keys to move among the items and press <Enter> to enter the sub-menu.

Standard CMOS Features

Use this menu for basic system configurations, such as time, date etc.

Advanced BIOS Features

Use this menu to setup the items of AMI ® special enhanced features.

Advanced Chipset Features

Use this menu to change the values in the chipset registers and optimize your system’s performance.

Integrated Peripherals

Use this menu to specify your settings for integrated peripherals.

Power Management Features

Use this menu to specify your settings for power management.

PNP/PCI Configurations

This entry appears if your system supports PnP/PCI.

H/W/ Monitor

This entry shows the status of your CPU, fan, warning for overall system status.

Cell_Menu

Use this menu to specify your settings for frequency/voltage control.

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BIOS Setup

Load Fail-Safe Defaults

Use this menu to load the default values set by the BIOS vendor for stable system performance.

Load Optimized Defaults

Use this menu to load the default values set by the mainboard manufacturer specifically for optimal performance of the mainboard.

BIOS Setting Password

Use this menu to set the password for BIOS.

Save & Exit Setup

Save changes to CMOS and exit setup.

Exit Without Saving

Abandon all changes and exit setup.

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MS-7028 ATX Mainboard

Standard CMOS Features

The items in Standard CMOS Features Menu includes some basic setup items. Use the arrow keys to highlight the item and then use the <+> or <-> keys to select the value you want in each item.

Date (MM:DD:YY)

This allows you to set the system to the date that you want (usually the current date).

The format is <day> <month> <date> <year>.

day Day of the week, from Sun to Sat, determined by BIOS. Read only.

month The month from Jan. through Dec.

date The date from 1 to 31 can be keyed by numeric function keys.

year The year can be adjusted by users.

Time (HH:MM:SS)

This allows you to set the system time that you want (usually the current time). The time format is <hour> <minute> <second>.

Primary/Secondary/Third IDE Master/Slave

Press <+> or <-> to select the hard disk drive type. The specification of hard disk drive will show up on the right hand according to your selection. Press <Enter> for the sub-menu of each item:

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BIOS Setup

Device

This item shows the information about the specified item. Read-only.

LBA/Large Mode

This item allows you to enable or disable the LBA (Logical Block Address, the logical block size in hard disk) mode. Setting options: [Auto], [Disabled].

DMA Mode

This item allows you to enable or disable the DMA (Direct Memory Access) mode.

Setting options: [Auto], [Disabled], [UDMA0], [UDMA1], [UDMA2], [UDMA3], [UDMA4],

[UDMA5].

Hard Disk S.M.A.R.T.

This allows you to activate the S.M.A.R.T. (Self-Monitoring Analysis & Reporting

Technology) capability for the hard disks. S.M.A.R.T is a utility that monitors your disk status to predict hard disk failure. This gives you an opportunity to move data from a hard disk that is going to fail to a safe place before the hard disk becomes offline.

Settings: [Auto], [Enabled], [Disabled].

Floppy A

This item allows you to set the type of the floppy drives installed. Available options:

[Disabled], [360 KB, 5 1/4 ], [1.2 MB, 5 1/4 ], [720 KB, 3 1/2 ], [1.44 MB, 3 1/2 ], [2.88MB, 3 1/2 ].

Halt On

The setting determines whether the system will stop if an error is detected at boot.

Available options are:

[No Errors]

[All, But Keyboard]

The system doesn’t stop for any detected error.

The system doesn’t stop for a keyboard error.

System Information

Press <Enter> to for the sub-menu of each item:

Total Memory/BIOS Version

This item shows the memory status and BIOS version of your system (read only).

**CPU Information**

Genuine Intel (R)/CPU ID/uCode ID/CPU Frequency

The three items show the CPU related information of your system (read only).

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MS-7028 ATX Mainboard

Advanced BIOS Features

Quick Boot

Setting the item to [Enabled] allows the system to boot within 5 seconds since it will skip some check items. Available options: [Enabled], [Disabled].

Boot Sector Protection

This function protects the BIOS from accidental corruption by unauthorized users or computer viruses. When enabled, the BIOS’ data cannot be changed when attempting to update the BIOS with a Flash utility. To successfully update the BIOS, you’ll need to disable this Boot Sector Protection function.

You should enable this function at all times. The only time when you need to disable it is when you want to update the BIOS. After updating the BIOS, you should immediately re-enable it to protect it against viruses. Setting options: [Enabled], [Disabled].

Boot to OS/2

This allows you to run the OS/2 ® operating system with DRAM greater than 64MB.

Setting options: [Yes], [No].

Hyper-Threading Technology

The processor uses Hyper-Threading technology to increase transaction rates and reduces end-user response times. The technology treats the two cores inside the processor as two logical processors that can execute instructions simultaneously.

In this way, the system performance is highly improved. If you disable the function, the processor will use only one core to execute the instructions. Settings: [Enabled],

[Disabled].

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BIOS Setup

MSI Reminds You...

Enabling the functionality of Hyper-Threading Technology for your computer system requires ALL of the following platform Components:

* CPU: An Intel ® Pentium ® 4 Processor with HT Technology;

* Chipset: An Intel ® Chipset that supports HT Technology;

* BIOS: A BIOS that supports HT Technology and has it

* OS: enabled;

An operating system that supports HT Technology.

For more information on Hyper-threading Technology, go to: www.intel.com/info/hyperthreading

IOAPIC Function

This field is used to enable or disable the APIC (Advanced Programmable Interrupt

Controller). Due to compliance with PC2001 design guide, the system is able to run in

APIC mode. Enabling APIC mode will expand available IRQ resources for the system.

Settings: [Enabled], [Disabled].

MPS Table Version

This field allows you to select which MPS (Multi-Processor Specification) version to be used for the operating system. You need to select the MPS version supported by your operating system. To find out which version to use, consult the vendor of your operating system. Settings: [1.4], [1.1].

Full Screen LOGO Display

This item enables you to show the company logo on the bootup screen. Settings are:

[Enabled] Shows a still image (logo) on the full screen at boot.

[Disabled] Shows the POST messages at boot.

Boot Sequence

Press <Enter> and the following sub-menu appears.

1st/2nd/3rd Boot Device

These items allow you to set the sequence of boot devices where AMIBIOS attempts to load the operating system.

MSI Reminds You...

Available settings for “ 1st/2nd/3rd Boot Device ” vary depending on the bootable devices you have installed. For example, if you did not install a floppy drive, the setting “Floppy” will not show up.

Boot From Other Devices

Setting the option to [Yes] allows the system to try to boot from other devices if the system fails to boot from the 1st/2nd/3rd boot device. Settings are: [Yes], [No].

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MS-7028 ATX Mainboard

Advanced Chipset Features

MSI Reminds You...

Change these settings only if you are familiar with the chipset.

Configure DRAM Timing by SPD

Selects whether DRAM timing is controlled by the SPD (Serial Presence Detect)

EEPROM on the DRAM module. Setting to [Auto By SPD] enables DRAM timings and the following related items to be determined by BIOS based on the configurations on the SPD. Selecting [Manual] lets users configure the DRAM timings and the following related items manually. Setting options: [Manual], [Auto By SPD], [Turbo], [Ultra].

Memory Hole

In order to improve performance, certain space in memory can be reserved for ISA peripherals. This memory must be mapped into the memory space below 16MB. When this area is reserved, it cannot be cached. Settings: [Disabled], [15MB-16MB].

Int. Gfx Memory Size Select (for 915G Only)

The field specifies the size of system memory allocated for video memory. Setting options: [Disabled], [Enabled, 1MB], [Enabled, 8MB].

Aperture Size Select (for 915G Only)

This setting controls just how much system RAM can be allocated to IGD (internal graphic display) for video purposes. The aperture is a portion of the PCI memory address range dedicated to graphics memory address space. Host cycles that hit the aperture range are forwarded to the IGD without any translation. The option allows the selection of an aperture size of [128MB], and [256 MB].

PEG Port

This item enables or disables the PEG (PCI Express Graphic) port function. Setting options: [Enabled], [Disabled].

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Integrated Peripherals

BIOS Setup

USB Controller

This setting is used to enable/disable the onboard USB host controller. Setting options:

[Disabled], [Enabled].

USB Device Legacy Support

Set to [Enabled] if you need to use any USB 1.1/2.0 device in the operating system that does not support or have any USB 1.1/2.0 driver installed, such as DOS. Set to

[Disabled] only if you want to use any USB device other than the USB mouse. Setting options: [Disabled], [Enabled], [Auto].

Onboard LAN Controller

The item enables or disables the onboard LAN controller. Setting options: [Enabled],

[Disabled].

Onboard LAN Option ROM

The item enables or disables the initialization of the onboard LAN Boot ROMs during bootup. Selecting [Disabled] will speed up the boot process. Setting options: [Enabled],

[Disabled].

OnBoard IEEE1394 Controller

This setting is used to enable/disable the onboard IEEE 1394 controller. Setting options:

[Enabled], [Disabled].

Onboard IDE RAID Controller

This allows you to enable or disable onboard IDE RAID controller. The field is optional.

It appears only when your mainboard supports IDE RAID function. Setting options:

[Enabled], [Disabled].

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MS-7028 ATX Mainboard

Onboard Audio Controller

This item is used to enable or disable the onboard Azalia (Audio Codec) controller.

Selecting [Enabled] allows the mainboard to enable the onboard Azalia controller.

Disable the function if you want to use other controller cards to connect an audio device. Settings: [Disabled] and [Enabled] .

IDE Devices Configuration

Press <Enter> to enter the sub-menu and the following screen appears:

PCI IDE BusMaster

Set this option to [Enabled] to specify that the IDE controller on the PCI local bus has bus mastering capability. Settings options: [Disabled], [Enabled].

I/O Devices Configuration

Press <Enter> to enter the sub-menu and the following screen appears:

OnBoard Floppy Controller

Select [Enabled] if your system has a floppy disk controller (FDC) installed on the system board and you wish to use it.

Option Description

[Enabled]

[Disabled]

Enables the onboard Floppy controller.

Disables the onboard Floppy controller.

COM Port 1

This item specifies the base I/O port addresses of the onboard Serial Port 1 (COM 1).

Selecting [Auto] allows AMIBIOS to automatically determine the correct base I/O port address. Settings: [3F8/IRQ4], [2F8/IRQ3], [3E8/IRQ4], [2E8/IRQ3] and [Disabled].

Parallel Port

This field specifies the base I/O port address of the onboard parallel port. Selecting

[Auto] allows AMIBIOS to automatically determine the correct base I/O port address.

Settings: [378], [278], [3BC] and [Disabled].

Parallel Port Mode

This item selects the operation mode for the onboard parallel port: [ECP], [Normal] or

[Bi-Dir].

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BIOS Setup

Parallel Port IRQ

This item allows you to set parallel port IRQ. Setting options: [IRQ5], [IRQ7].

SATA Devices Configuration

Press <Enter> to enter the sub-menu and the following screen appears:

ATA/IDE Configuration, Configure SATA as

These 2 items allow you to select the ATA/IDE and SATA configuration. Select [Disabled] in ATA/IDE Configuration if you want to disable both ATA/IDE configuration. Select

[Compatible] or [Enhanced] to use the IDE, S-ATA and P-ATA devices. Refer to the following tables for details.

SATA Only

PATA Pri, SATA Sec

SATA Pri, PATA Sec

PATA Only

(Compatible)

[SATA 1/3/2/4]

[IDE1, SATA2/4]

[SATA1/3, IDE1]

[IDE1]

IDE

AHCI

RAID

(Enhanced)

[IDE1, SATA 1/2/3/4]

[IDE1, SATA 1/2/3/4]

[IDE1, SATA 1/2/3/4],

[SATA support RAID 0 or 1]

For the setting options of Configure SATA as , select [IDE] if you want to have SATA as IDE function. Select [AHCI] to allow the SATA to have Advanced Host Controller

Interface (AHCI) feature, which supports improved serial ATA disk performance with native command queuing & native hot plug. Select [RAID] to use SATA as RAID function. Setting options: [IDE], [AHCI], [RAID].

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MS-7028 ATX Mainboard

Power Management Features

MSI Reminds You...

S3-related functions described in this section are available only when your BIOS supports S3 sleep mode.

ACPI Function

This item is to activate the ACPI (Advanced Configuration and Power Management

Interface) Function. If your operating system is ACPI-aware, such as Windows 98SE/

2000/ME/XP, select [Enabled]. Settings: [Enabled] and [Disabled].

ACPI Standby State

This item specifies the power saving modes for ACPI function. If your operating system supports ACPI, such as Windows 98SE, Windows ME, Windows 2000 and

Windows XP, you can choose to enter the Standby mode in S1 (POS) or S3 (STR) fashion through the setting of this field. Options are:

[S1/POS] The S1 sleep mode is a low power state. In this state, no system context is lost (CPU or chipset) and hardware maintains all system context.

[S3/STR] The S3 sleep mode is a lower power state where the information of system configuration and open applications/files is saved to main memory that remains powered while most other hardware compo-

[Auto] nents turn off to save energy. The information stored in memory will be used to restore the system when a “wake up” event occurs.

BIOS determines the best setting automatically.

Suspend Time Out (Minute)

If system activity is not detected for the length of time specified in this field, all devices except CPU will be shut off. Settings: [Disabled], [1], [2], [4], [8], [10], [20],

[30], [40], [50], [60].

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BIOS Setup

Power Button Function

This feature allows users to configure the Power Button function. Settings are:

[Power Off] The power button functions as a normal power-on/-off

[Suspend] button.

When you press the power button, the computer enters the suspend/sleep mode, but if the button is pressed for more than four seconds, the computer is turned off.

Restore on AC/Power Loss

This setting specifies whether your system will reboot after a power failure or interrupt occurs. Available settings are:

[Off] Leaves the computer in the power off state.

[On] Leaves the computer in the power on state.

[Last State] Restores the system to the previous status before power failure or interrupt occurred.

Wakeup Event Setup

Press <Enter> and the following sub-menu appears.

PowerOn by Keyboard

This controls how and whether the PS/2 keyboard is able to power on the system. If you choose [Password], the power button on the case will not function anymore and you must type the password to power on the system. Settings: [Disabled], [Password] and [Any Key].

Keyboard Password

If PowerOn by Keyboard is set to [Password], then you can set a password in the field for the PS/2 keyboard to power on the system.

PowerOn by Mouse

The setting determines whether the system will be awakened from power saving modes when the PS/2 mouse input signal is detected. Setting options: [Disabled],

[Any Key], [Left Button], [Right Button].

Resume by PCI/PCI-E Device

This controls how and whether the system can be powered on by the devices installed on PCI/PCI-E slots. Setting options: [Disabled], [Enabled].

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MS-7028 ATX Mainboard

Resume On RTC Alarm

This is used to enable or disable the feature of booting up the system on a scheduled time/date from the S3, S4, and S5 power off state. Setting options: [Disabled], [Enabled].

Date/Time (HH:MM:SS)

If Resume By RTC Alarm is set to [Enabled], the system will automatically resume

(boot up) on a specific date/hour/minute/second specified in these fields (using the

<+> and <-> to select the date & time settings). Available settings for each item are:

Date

Time (HH:MM:SS)

01 ~ 31 , Every Day

00 ~ 23 : 00 ~ 59 : 00 ~ 59

MSI Reminds You...

If you have changed this setting, you must let the system boot up until it enters the operating system, before this function will work.

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BIOS Setup

PNP/PCI Configurations

This section describes configuring the PCI bus system and PnP (Plug & Play) feature.

PCI, or P eripheral C omponent I nterconnect, is a system which allows I/O devices to operate at speeds nearing the speed the CPU itself uses when communicating with its special components. This section covers some very technical items and it is strongly recommended that only experienced users should make any changes to the default settings.

Clear ESCD

The ESCD (Extended System Configuration Data) NVRAM (Non-volatile Random Access Memory) is where the BIOS stores resource information for both PNP and non-

PNP devices in a bit string format. When the item is set to [Yes], the system will reset

ESCD NVRAM right after the system is booted up and then set the setting of the item back to [No] automatically.

Graphic Adapter Priority

This setting specifies which VGA card is your primary graphics adapter. Setting options are:

[IGD] The system initializes the IGD (internal graphic display) first. (for

915G only)

[PEG/IGD] The system initializes the PEG (PCI Express graphic) first. If a PCI

Express graphic card is not available, it will initialize the IGD. (for

915G only)

[PEG/PCI] The system initializes the PEG (PCI Express graphic) first. If a PCI

Express graphic card is not available, it will initialize the PCI graphic card.

[PCI/PEG] The system initializes the PCI graphic card first. If a PCI graphic card is not available, it will initialize the PEG (PCI Express graphic) card.

[PCI/IGD] The system initializes the PCI graphic card first. If a PCI graphic card is not available, it will initialize the IGD. (for 915G only)

PCI Latency Timer

This item controls how long each PCI device can hold the bus before another takes

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MS-7028 ATX Mainboard over. When set to higher values, every PCI device can conduct transactions for a longer time and thus improve the effective PCI bandwidth. For better PCI performance, you should set the item to higher values. Setting options: [32], [64], [96], [128], [160],

[192], [224], [248].

PCI Slot1 IRQ, PCI Slot2 IRQ, PCI Slot3 IRQ

These items specify the IRQ line for each PCI slot. Setting options: [3], [4], [5], [7], [9],

[10], [11], [12], [14], [15], [Auto]. Selecting [Auto] allows BIOS to automatically determine the IRQ line for each PCI slot.

IRQ Resource Setup

Press <Enter> and the following sub-menu appears.

IRQ 3/4/5/7/9/10/11/14/15

These items specify the bus where the specified IRQ line is used.

The settings determine if AMIBIOS should remove an IRQ from the pool of available

IRQs passed to devices that are configurable by the system BIOS. The available IRQ pool is determined by reading the ESCD NVRAM. If more IRQs must be removed from the IRQ pool, the end user can use these settings to reserve the IRQ by assigning an

[Reserved] setting to it. Onboard I/O is configured by AMIBIOS. All IRQs used by onboard I/O are configured as [Available]. If all IRQs are set to [Reserved], and IRQ

14/15 are allocated to the onboard PCI IDE, IRQ 9 will still be available for PCI and PnP devices. Available settings: [Reserved] and [Available].

DMA Resource Setup

Press <Enter> and the following sub-menu appears.

DMA Channel 0/1/3/5/6/7

These items specify the bus that the system DMA (Direct Memory Access) channel is used.

The settings determine if AMIBIOS should remove a DMA from the available DMAs passed to devices that are configurable by the system BIOS. The available DMA pool is determined by reading the ESCD NVRAM. If more DMAs must be removed from the pool, the end user can reserve the DMA by assigning [Reserved] setting to it.

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BIOS Setup

H/W Monitor

This section shows the status of your CPU, fan, overall system status, etc. Monitor function is available only if there is hardware monitoring mechanism onboard.

CPU Fan Failure Warning

When enabled, the system will automatically monitor the CPU fan during boot-up. If it detects that the CPU fan is not rotating, the system will show an error message on the screen and halt the boot-up process. The function is built with CPU fan power connector (CPUFAN2) only and enables you to protect the CPU from possible overheating problem. If you don’t connect the CPU fan to the CPU fan power connector, we recommend disabling this feature. Setting options: [Enabled], [Disabled].

CPU Smart Fan Target Temp Select

When the current temperature of the CPU fan reaches the value you specify here, the CPU fan will speed up for cooling down to avoid the CPU damage; on the contrary, if the CPU fan current temperature is lower than the specified value, the CPU fan will slow down its speed to keep the temperature stable.

CPU FAN PIN Select

If you enable the CPU Smart Fan Target Temp Select , this item is available for you to choose the CPU fan pin number of your system. Be sure to select the correct pin number identical to the pin of the CPU fan you purchase. Setting options: [3 PINS], [4

PINS].

Chassis Intrusion

The field enables or disables the feature of recording the chassis intrusion status and issuing a warning message if the chassis is once opened. This item is available only when your mainboard has JCI1 jumper. To clear the warning message, set the field to [Reset]. The setting of the field will automatically return to [Enabled] later.

Settings: [Enabled], [Reset], [Disabled].

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MS-7028 ATX Mainboard

PC Health Status

Press <Enter> and the following sub-menu appears.

CPU/System Temperature, CPU/System/Power FAN Speed, Vcore, +3.3 V,

+5.0 V, +12.0V, +5VSB

These items display the current status of all of the monitored hardware devices/ components such as CPU voltages, temperatures and all fans’ speeds.

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BIOS Setup

Cell Menu

The items in Cell Menu includes some important settings of CPU, AGP, DRAM and overclocking functions.

MSI Reminds You...

Change these settings only if you are familiar with the chipset.

Current CPU CLOCK, Current DDR Memory Frequency

These two items show the current clocks of CPU & DDR memory frequency. Readonly.

High Performance Mode

This field allows you to select the DDR timing setting. Setting to [Optimized] enables

Adjust DDR Memory Frequency automatically to be determined by SPD. Selecting

[Manual] allows users to configure these fields manually. Setting options: [Optimized],

[Manual].

Dynamic OverClocking

Dynamic Overclocking Technology is the automatic overclocking function, included in the MSI TM ’s newly developed CoreCell TM Technology. It is designed to detect the load balance of CPU while running programs, and to adjust the best CPU frequency automatically. When the motherboard detects CPU is running programs, it will speed up CPU automatically to make the program run smoothly and faster. When the CPU is temporarily suspending or staying in the low load balance, it will restore the default settings instead. Usually the Dynamic Overclocking Technology will be powered only when users' PC need to run huge amount of data like 3D games or the video process, and the CPU frequency need to be boosted up to enhance the overall performance.

Setting options:

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MS-7028 ATX Mainboard

[Disabled]

[Private]

[Sergeant]

[Captain]

Disable Dynamic Overclocking function.

1st level of overclocking, increasing the CPU frequency by 1%.

2nd level of overclocking, increasing the CPU frequency by 3%.

3rd level of overclocking, increasing the CPU frequency by 5%.

[Colonel]

[General]

4th level of overclocking, increasing the CPU frequency by 7%.

5th level of overclocking, increasing the CPU frequency by 10%.

[Commander] 6th level of overclocking, increasing the CPU frequency by 15%.

MSI Reminds You...

1.

Even though the Dynamic Overclocking Technology is more stable than manual overclocking, basically, it is still risky. We suggest user to make sure that your CPU can afford to overclock regularly first. If you find the PC appears to be unstable or reboot incidentally, it's better to disable the Dynamic Overclocking or to lower the level of overclocking options. By the way, if you need to conduct overclocking manually, you also need to disable the Dynamic OverClocking first.

2.

Meanwhile, there are two functions to protect user's system from crashing.

There is a safe key "Ins" in BIOS. In case the overclocking fails, you can press "Ins" key while system rebooting to restore to the BIOS defaults.

If the system incidentally reboot for four times, the BIOS will also be restored to the defaults.

Adjust CPU FSB Frequency

This item allows you to select the CPU Front Side Bus clock frequency (in MHz) and overclock the processor by adjusting the FSB clock to a higher frequency. Setting options: For CPU FSB200: [200]~[500]

For CPU FSB133: [133]~[500]

CPU Ratio CMOS Setting

This item allows you to adjust the CPU ratio. Setting to [Startup] enables the CPU running at the fastest speed which is detected by system.

Adjusted CPU Clock

This read-only item shows the CPU Clock you like to use, which will automatically change in accordance with the settings of Adjust CPU FSB Frequency and CPU

Ratio CMOS Setting . Please note you must reboot the system to let the change take effect.

Adjust DDR Memory Frequency

When it is set to [Manual] in High Performance Mode , user can place an artificial memory clock limit on the system. Please note that memory is prevented from running faster than this frequency. Setting options: [Auto], [400], [533], [667].

Adjusted DDR Memory Frequency

This read-only item shows the DDR Memory Frequency you like to use, which will

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BIOS Setup automatically change in accordance with the setting of Adjust DDR Memory

Frequency . Please note you must reboot the system to let the change take effect.

Adjust PCI Frequency

This item allows you to select the PCI frequency (in MHz). In default this value will change automatically in accordance with the setting of CPU Ratio CMOS Setting .

However, you may adjust the desired PCI frequency you like by using the <+> & <-> key. Setting options: [33.3], [37.7], [40.0].

Adjust PCI Express Frequency

This item allows you to select the PCI Express frequency (in MHz). Select the number between [100]~[133] for needed frequency.

Adjust CPU Voltage (V)

The settings are used to adjust the CPU clock multiplier (ratio) and CPU core voltage

(Vcore). These settings offer users a tool to overclock the system.

Adjust DDR Voltage (V)

Adjusting the DDR voltage can increase the DDR speed. Any changes made to this setting may cause a stability issue, so changing the DDR voltage for long-term purpose is NOT recommended .

Adjust NB Voltage (V)

NorthBridge voltage is adjustable in the field, allowing you to increase the performance of your NorthBridge when overclocking, but stability may be affected.

MSI Reminds You...

The settings shown in different color in CPU Voltage, DDR Voltage and

NB Voltage help to verify if your setting is proper for your system.

Gray: Default setting.

White: Safe setting.

Yellow: High performance setting.

Red: Not recommended setting and the system may be unstable.

Changing CPU Voltage, DDR Voltage and NB Voltage may result in the instability of the system; therefore, it is NOT recommended to change the default setting for long-term usage.

Spread Spectrum

When the motherboard’s clock generator pulses, the extreme values (spikes) of the pulses creates EMI (Electromagnetic Interference). The Spread Spectrum function reduces the EMI generated by modulating the pulses so that the spikes of the pulses are reduced to flatter curves. If you do not have any EMI problem, leave the setting at

[Disabled] for optimal system stability and performance. But if you are plagued by EMI, activate the Spread Spectrum for EMI reduction. Remember to disable Spread Spectrum if you are overclocking because even a slight jitter can introduce a temporary boost in clock speed which may just cause your overclocked processor to lock up.

Options: [Disabled], [Enabled].

3 - 2 3

MS-7028 ATX Mainboard

BIOS Setting Password

When you select this function, a message as below will appear on the screen:

Type the password, up to six characters in length, and press <Enter>. The password typed now will replace any previously set password from CMOS memory. You will be prompted to confirm the password. Retype the password and press <Enter>. You may also press <Esc> to abort the selection and not enter a password.

To clear a set password, just press <Enter> when you are prompted to enter the password. A message will show up confirming the password will be disabled. Once the password is disabled, the system will boot and you can enter Setup without entering any password.

When a password has been set, you will be prompted to enter it every time you try to enter Setup. This prevents an unauthorized person from changing any part of your system configuration.

3 - 2 4

BIOS Setup

Load Fail-Safe/Optimized Defaults

The two options on the main menu allow users to restore all of the BIOS settings to the default Fail-Safe or Optimized values. The Optimized Defaults are the default values set by the mainboard manufacturer specifically for optimal performance of the mainboard. The Fail-Safe Defaults are the default values set by the BIOS vendor for stable system performance.

When you select Load Fail-Safe Defaults, a message as below appears:

Pressing Y loads the BIOS default values for the most stable, minimal system performance.

When you select Load Optimized Defaults, a message as below appears:

Pressing Y loads the default factory settings for optimal system performance.

3 - 2 5

Introduction to DigiCell

Introduction to DigiCell

DigiCell, the most useful and powerful utility that MSI has spent much research and efforts to develop, helps users to monitor and configure all the integrated peripherals of the system, such as audio program, power management, MP3 files management and communication / 802.11g WLAN settings. Moreover, with this unique utility, you will be able to activate the

MSI well-known features, Live Update and Core Center, which makes it easier to update the BIOS/drivers online, and to monitor the system hardware status (CPU/Fan temperature and speed) or to overclock the CPU/ memory.

Once you have your DigiCell installed (locate the setup source file in the setup CD accompanying with your mainboard, path: Utility --> MSI Utility --> MSI DigiCell ), it will have an icon in the system tray, a short cut icon on the desktop, and a short cut path in your “Start-up” menu. You may double-click on each icon to enable DigiCell.

short-cut icon in the system tray short-cut path in the start-up menu

(path: Start-->Programs-->MSI-->DigiCell)

4-1

Main

Before using this utility, it is required to have all the integrated peripherals/cards (LAN card, Wireless LAN card, MegaStick... etc.) and all the necessary drivers (onboard

LAN driver, audio driver, CoreCenter, Live Update... etc.) installed correctly.

The icon representing each item will be lit up if it is inserted/installed correctly and properly. Otherwise, the icon will remain gray and user is not able to view the functionality/connection of that item.

Introduction:

Click on each icon appearing above to enter the sub-menu to make further configuration.

M S I

Click on this button to link to MSI website: http://www.msi.com.tw.

Quick Guide

Click on this button and the quick guide of DigiCell will be displayed for you to review.

H/W Diagnostic

In this sub-menu, it provides the information of each DigiCell button for you to check if the representing peripherals/cards/drivers are correctly installed.

Comm.

In this sub-menu, you can see the configuration details for communication products, including the status, strength, speed and channel of the connection of the Ethernet LAN & Wireless LAN.

Software Access Point

In this sub-menu, you can change your connection mode to different ones, and configure the advanced settings for each mode, such as the authentication encryption... etc.

4-2

Introduction to DigiCell

Live Update

You can take advantage of Live Update to detect and update BIOS and drivers online.

Core Center

You can take advantage of Core Center to monitor the health status of your system and to overclock under Windows OS if your system supports overclocking function.

MEGA STICK

If you have your MEGA STICK connected to your system, this icon will be lit up. Click this blue icon to turn DigiCell into a MP3 player, and then you can load media files from your MEGA STICK or the system, and edit the preferred playlist.

Audio Speaker Setting

In this sub-menu, you can configure and test the multi-channel audio function, speakers, sound effect and environment.

Power on Agent

In this sub-menu, you can configure date, time and auto-executed programs of the power-on, power-off and restarting features.

MSI Reminds You...

Click on back button in every sub-menu and it will bring you back to the main menu.

4-3

H/W Diagnostic

In the H/W Diagnostic sub-menu, you can see the information, status and note of each DigiCell. You may double check the connection and installation of the item marked as gray.

You may also click on the Mail to MSI button to send your questions or suggestions to MSI’s technical support staff.

4-4

Introduction to DigiCell

Communication

In the Communication sub-menu, you can see the status of all the LAN / WLAN /

Bluetooth on the screen if the hardware is installed. The first icon indicates the onboard LAN on your system, the second icon indicates the wireless LAN status, and the third one is the information about the bluetooth on your system. Click on each item for details.

This icon indicates the information and connection status of onboard LAN, which is read-only.

The second icon indicates the wireless connection. You may click this icon to configure the advanced settings in the WLAN Card Mode dialogue box

(see the image on p.4-8). Please note that it is only available when the

Software Access Point is set to WLAN Card Mode .

The third icon indicates the connection using bluetooth devices. If your system is connected to the bluetooth device, the icon will light up.

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Software Access Point

In the Software Access Point sub-menu, you can see the communication status on your system and choose the desired software access point mode by clicking on the desired icon, in which the default settings are configured for your usage. The default software access point mode is set to WLAN Card Mode . For more advanced security settings and channels switching, click on “Setting” button to enter its submenu.

Terminology

Here are the introduction of WLAN / AP communication terminology.

WEP Key

In the wireless network environment, the administrator can set up password

(Network Key) to protect the network from being attacked or unauthorized access. When building the network, you can set up 4 sets of WEP keys, which can be 5 characters (10 hex-adecimal digital) or 13 characters (26 hex-adecimal digital) and specify one of them to use.

Ad-hoc Mode

An Ad-hoc network is a local area network or other small network, especially one with wireless or temporary plug-in connections, in which some of the network devices are part of the network only for the duration of a communications session. Users in the network can share files, print to a shared printer, and access the Internet with a shared modem. In this kind of network, new devices can be quickly added; however, users can only communicate with other wireless LAN computers that are in this wireless LAN workgroup, and are within range.

Infrastructure Mode

The difference between Infrastructure network and Ad-hoc network is that the former one includes an Access Point. In an Infrastructure network, the

Access Point can manage the bandwidth to maximize bandwidth utilization.

Additionally, the Access Point enables users on a wireless LAN to access an existing wired network, allowing wireless users to take advantage of the wired networks resources, such as Internet, email, file transfer, and printer sharing. The scale and range of the Infrastructure networking are larger and wider than that of the Ad-hoc networking.

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Introduction to DigiCell

Access Point Mode

Click on “Setting” button of the Access Point Mode and the following screen will display.

IP Sharing

Click on this icon to enable/disable the IP sharing. The default of this setting is disabled.

Disabled.

Enabled.

Enabling/disabling IP sharing depends on the different situation. For example:

1. If your family and you are getting on Internet at home with multi computers, and your ISP only provides one IP for you, you may need to enable IP Sharing function in order to use this one IP to get on Internet with multi computers simultaneously.

2. If you are getting on Internet in office, usually the LAN card will automatically get the IP this computer uses. In this case you don’t have to enable this function.

SSID

Means Service Set Identifier, a unique name shared among all points in a wireless network. It must be identical for all points in the network. Then the card will be able to connect to an access point with the same SSID.

Channel

Specifies the operating radio frequency channel in Infrastructure mode , which should be set to an available one (ex: with less traffic to ensure the stable and better connection).

Associated Client List

This option is to display information of stations that are currently associated to your wireless gateway.

Association Control

This option allows you to control which PC can connect to the wireless LAN. If you

4-7

enable this feature, only PCs with MAC address located in Association Control List can connect to the wireless LAN.

MAC Address

MAC stands for Media Access Control. A MAC address is the hardware address of a device connected to a network.

Security

This option allows you to enable/disable the authentication function.

Authentication

Open : Communicates the key across the network.

Shared : Devices must have identical WEP settings to communicate.

WLAN Card Mode

Click on “Setting” button of the WLAN Card Mode for the WEP status of your APs.

If the AP you are selecting (the highlighted one) is not encrypted ( Disabled shown in the Encryption column), the screen will display as below. You can click “ Connect ” to make connection to that AP, click “ Cancel ” to close this dialogue box, or click

“Refresh” button to update the available WLAN connections.

If the network you are selecting is encrypted ( WEP shown in the Encryption column), the screen will display as below. You need to enter the correct WEP key defined by

AP in the specified WEP Key 1~4 fields to make the connection.

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Introduction to DigiCell

Live Update

Click on the Live Update icon in the main menu and the Live Update program will be enabled.

The Live Update 3™ is a tool used to detect and update your BIOS/ drivers/VGA BIOS/VGA Driver/OSD/Utility online so that you don’t need to search for the correct BIOS/driver version throughout the whole Web site. To use the function, you need to install the “MSI Live

Update 3” application. After the installation, the “MSI Live Update 3” icon (as shown on the right) will appear on the screen.

Double click the “MSI Live Update 3” icon, and the following screen will appear:

Six buttons are placed on the left column of the screen. Click the desired button to start the update process.

Live BIOS – Updates the BIOS online.

Live Driver – Updates the drivers online.

Live VGA BIOS – Updates the VGA BIOS online.

Live VGA Driver – Updates the VGA driver online.

Live OSD – Updates the firmware of the OSD products online.

Live Utility – Updates the utilities online.

If the product you purchased does not support any of the functions listed above, a

“sorry” message is displayed. For more information on the update instructions, insert the companion CD and refer to the “Live Update Guide” under the “Manual” Tab.

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MEGA STICK

In the MEGA STICK sub-menu, you can configure the settings of MSI MEGA STICK and the media files (*.m3u, *.mp3, *.wav, *.cda, *.wma) on your system.

Basic Function

Here you can edit your own play list with the buttons “load”, “save”, “delete”,

“shuttle”, “repeat” & “print”.

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Load To load media files or the playlist of mp3 files (*.m3u) on your system or on your MEGA STICK.

To save a loaded playlist of mp3 files (*.m3u) on your system or on Save your MEGA STICK.

Delete Click on the media files in the Play List: field and use “Delete” button to remove the media file from the play list. You may remove multi media files simultaneously by using “Ctrl” to select multi files.

Shuffle To play the media file in the Play List: in a random order.

Repeat To repeat the selected files in the Play List: .

Print This button has 2 functions:

1. To print out the details of current play list through your printer with the following information:

Song title --- Song length --- Singer name

2. To save the details of current play list and save the file in the plain text file format in the \\Program files\MSI\DigiCell\MyMusic.txt

for your reference. The MyMusic.txt

file is with the following information:

Song title --- Song length --- Singer name

Introduction to DigiCell

There is also a toolbar for you to execute some basic function, like play, stop, pause, previous/next song, song info and volume adjust. There is also a scroll bar on the top for you to forward/rewind .

previous pause next forward/rewind bar stop song’s information play

Right-click on the MP3 file and choose “Info” , a MP3 Info dialogue will pop up to show the information of the file, including the title, artist, album, release year and others. You may also add your own comment in the comment field. Then click “Save” to save the change, click

“Cancel” to discard the change, or click “Remove” to remove all this information.

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Non-Unicode programs supported

If you are using an operating system in European languages, and you’d like to play the media files in MEGA STICK with East-Asian languages (such as Chinese, Japanese...

etc.), it is possible that the file names display incorrectly.

However, you can install the Supplemental Language Support provided by

Microsoft to solve this problem. You need to have your Microsoft Setup CD prepared in the CD-ROM. The system will start to install the necessary components after the settings are configured here. Follow the steps described below.

1. Go to [Control Panel] and choose [Regional and Languages Options].

2. Go to the [Languages] tab and enable the check box of [Install files for East

Asian languages]. A dialogue box will pop up to remind you the above selection is chosen.

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Introduction to DigiCell

3. Then go to the [Advanced] tab and select the language you want to be supported (the language of the filename in the MegaStick) from the dropdown list in the [Language for non-Unicode programs], then click [Apply]. The system will install the necessary components from your Microsoft Setup CD immediately.

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Core Center (for Pentium 4 CPU)

Click on the Core Center icon in the main menu and the Core Center program will be enabled.

CoreCenter is just like your PC doctor that can detect, view and adjust the PC hardware and system status during real time operation.

In the left side it shows the current system status including the Vcore, 3.3V, +5V and

12V. In the right side it shows the current PC hardware status such as the CPU & system temperatures and all fans speeds.

When you click the red triangles in the left and right sides, two sub-menus will open for users to adjust the thresholds of system to send out the warning messages.

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Introduction to DigiCell

Left-wing: Current system status

In the left sub-menu, you can configure the settings of FSB, Vcore, Memory Voltage and AGP Voltage by clicking the radio button next to each item and make it available

(the radio button will be lighted as yellow when selected), use the “ + ” and “ ” buttons to adjust, then click “OK” to apply the changes. Then you can click “Save” to save the values you just configured.

Also you may click “Auto” to start testing the maximum CPU overclocking value. The

CPU FSB will automatically increase the testing value until the PC reboots. Or you may click “Default” to restore the default values.

Right-wing: PC hardware status during real time operation

In the right sub-menu, here you can configure the PC hardware status such as CPU

& system temperatures and fan speeds. You may use the scroll bars to adjust each item, then click “OK” to apply the changes. The values you set for the temperatures are the maximum thresholds for the system for warnings, and the value for fan speeds are the minimum thresholds.

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Audio Speaker Setting

In the Audio Speaker Setting sub-menu, you can configure the multi-channel audio operation, perform speaker test, and choose the environment you prefer while enjoying the music.

You can scroll the bar of each equalizer to regulate the current playing digital sound source. Also you may click on the “on” button to enable/disable the equalizer function.

Once the equalizer function is enabled, you can choose several preset equalizers for your preference. You may also right-click anywhere to execute this function.

After you have chosen one equalizer, it will be indicated next to the “ on ” button in yellow.

The Environment setting lets you select the environment you like, such as

Cave or Convert Hall .

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Introduction to DigiCell

Click on the “Speaker test” button and the following dialogue box will appear:

In this Speaker Configuration dialogue box, select the audio configuration which is identical to the audio jack on your mainboard. Once the correct audio configuration is selected, click “Apply” to save the changes. Then the following screen will appear. In this Speaker Configuration dialogue box, first select the correct item from the Speaker mode drop-down list, and then click on each connected speaker to ensure if Headphone, 2-, 4-, 5.1-, or 7.1- channel audio operation is working properly. If any speaker fails to make sound, then check whether the cable is inserted firmly to the connector, or replace the bad speakers with good ones.

Center

Front Left

Main Side Left

Rear Left

Subwoofer

Front Right

Main Side Right

Rear Right

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Power on Agent

In the Power on Agent sub-menu, you can configure setting of power-on, poweroff and restarting status.

In the screen below, you can set the date, time, start-up programs respectively for power-on, power-off and restarting.

Power On

Here are the available settings for Power On function:

Date

T i m e

Use the drop-down list to select the date for power-on.

Use the arrow keys to select the hour/minute/second for power-on, power-off and restarting. Then click “Apply” to save the changes. As you click “Apply” , the following dialogue will appear to show you the next power-on schedule, and the system will start to count down to restart. Click “OK” to restart the computer right away or click “Later” to restart your computer later.

4-18

MSI Reminds You...

Please note that the new setting will not take effect until you restart your computer.

Introduction to DigiCell

Power Off / Restart

You may configure the time (in the format hh:mm:ss) for the next power-off / restart.

Start With

Use the button “+Add” to add the start-up programs as DigiCell is activated next time. For example, you may like to have Outlook activated or a specified website linked when you get to the office every morning.

Step 1: Click on the Program: field and click “>>” button to browse for the path of Outlook or

Internet Explorer.

Step 2: Click on “OK” to apply the setting.

add the desired startwith program

Step 3: For specified file or specified website, you may enter the file name with the complete path or the website link in the Parameters: field.

To activate Outlook as DigiCell is enabled next time

To activate a specified website as DigiCell is enabled next time

Of course you may use the button “-Delete” to remove the added programs, or you can right-click on the selected program and click Delete .

delete the added program

MSI Reminds You...

You can also enable the Every turn on function, which will enable the specified program(s) and file(s) every time the Digi Cell utility runs.

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Auto Login

Since the Power On function allows the system to power on automatically, you may have to enable this Auto Login function in the following situations:

1. If you are using a computer belonging to a domain in office, and you need to enter your user name & password everytime when you boot up your computer.

2. If there are multi users using the same computer and you’d like to power on the computer automatically with one specific user.

Enable Auto Login

Enable this setting if you want to use the Auto Login feature. It supports the following operating systems: Win9X, Windows ME, Windows 2000 & Windows XP.

Default User Name

It is only available for Windows 2000 & Windows XP.

-- If you are using a computer belonging to a domain in office, please enter your login user name in this field.

-- If you are using a computer with multi users (for Windows XP operating system), please enter the user name you’d like to auto power-on in this field.

Default Password

It is only available for Windows 2000 & Windows XP.

-- If you are using a computer belonging to a domain in office, please enter your login password in this field.

-- If you are using a computer with multi-users (for Windows XP operating system), please enter the password for the user name you’d like to auto power-on in this field.

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Introduction to Intel ICH6R SATA RAID

Chapter 5. Intel ICH6R RAID

Introduction

Introduction to Intel

ICH6R SATA RAID

The southbridge ICH6R provides a hybrid solution that combines two independent SATA ports for support of up to two Serial ATA (Serial ATA

RAID) drives.

Serial ATA (SATA) is the latest generation of the ATA interface. SATA hard drives deliver blistering transfer speeds up to 150MB/sec. Serial ATA uses long, thin cables, making it easier to connect your drive and improving the airflow inside your PC. The most outstanding features are:

1. Supports 150 MB/s transfers with CRC error checking.

2. Supports Hot-plug-n-play feature.

3. Data handling optimizations including tagged command queuing, elevator seek and packet chain command.

Intel ICH6R includes the RAID level 0 (striping), RAID level 1

(mirroring), and a combination of the two called Intel Matrix RAID Technology, which has two volume in a single RAID array.

RAID 0 breaks the data into blocks which are written to separate hard drives. Spreading the hard drive I/O load across independent channels greatly improves I/O performance. RAID 1 provides data redundancy by mirroring data between the hard drives and provides enhanced read performance.

MSI Reminds You...

All the information/volumes listed in your system might differ from the illustrations in this appendix.

5 - 1

MS-7028 ATX Mainboard

BIOS Configuration

The Intel RAID Option ROM should be integrated with the system BIOS on all motherboards with a supported Intel chipset. The Intel RAID Option ROM is the Intel

RAID implementation and provides BIOS and DOS disk services. Please use <Ctrl> +

<I> keys to enter the “Intel(R) RAID for Serial ATA” status screen, which should appear early in system boot-up, during the POST (Power-On Self Test). Also, you need to enable the RAID function in BIOS (please to P.3-13 items ATA/IDE Configuration <Enhanced> & Configure SATA as <RAID> for details) to create, delete and reset RAID volumes.

Using the Intel RAID Option ROM

1. Creating, Deleting and Resetting RAID Volumes:

The Serial ATA RAID volume may be configured using the RAID Configuration utility stored within the Intel RAID Option ROM. During the Power-On Self Test (POST), the following message will appear for a few seconds:

MSI Reminds You...

The “Driver Model”, “Serial #” and “Size” in the following example might be different from your system.

After the above message shows, press <Ctrl> and <I> keys simultaneously to enter the RAID Configuration Utility.

MSI Reminds You...

The following procedure is only available with a newly-built system or if you are reinstalling your OS. It should not be used to migrate an existing system to RAID 0 or RAID 1.

5 - 2

Introduction to Intel ICH6R SATA RAID

2. Creating, Deleting and Resetting RAID Volumes:

After pressing the <Ctrl> and <I> keys simultaneously, the following window will appear:

(1) Create RAID Volume

1.

Select option 1 “Create RAID Volume” and press <Enter> key. The following screen appears. Then in the Name field, specify a RAID Volume name and then press the <TAB> or <Enter> key to go to the next field.

2.

Use the arrow keys to select the RAID level (RAID0 or RAID1) best suited to your usage model in RAID Level .

5 - 3

MS-7028 ATX Mainboard

3.

In the Disk field, press <Enter> key and the following screen appears. Use

<Space> key to select the disks you want to create for the RAID volume, then click <Enter> key to finish selection.

4.

Then select the strip value for the RAID 0 or RAID 1 array by using the “upper arrow” or “down arrow” keys to scroll through the available values, and pressing the <Enter> key to select and advance to the next field. The available values range from 4KB to 128 KB in power of 2 increments. The strip value should be chosen based on the planned drive usage. Here are some suggested selections:

16 KB – Best for sequential transfers

64 KB – Good general purpose strip size

128 KB – Best performance for most desktops and workstations. The default

value.

5.

Then select the capacity of the volume in the Capacity field. The default value is the maximum volume capacity of the selected disks.

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Introduction to Intel ICH6R SATA RAID

6. Then the following screen appears for you to confirm if you are sure to create the RAID volume. Press <Y> to continue.

7. Then the following screen appears to indicate that the creation is finished.

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MS-7028 ATX Mainboard

(2) Delete RAID Volume

Here you can delete the RAID volume, but please be noted that all data on RAID drives will be lost.

MSI Reminds You...

If your system currently boots to RAID and you delete the RAID volume in the Intel RAID Option ROM, your system will become unbootable.

Select option 2 Delete RAID Volume from the main menu window and press

<Enter> key to select a RAID volume for deletion. Then press <Delete> key to delete the selected RAID volume. The following screen appears.

Press <Y> key to accept the volume deletion.

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Introduction to Intel ICH6R SATA RAID

(3) Reset Disks to Non-RAID

Select option 3 Reset Disks to Non-RAID and press <Enter> to delete the RAID volume and remove any RAID structures from the drives. The following screen appears:

Press <Y> key to accept the selection.

MSI Reminds You...

1. You will lose all data on the RAID drives and any internal RAID structures when you perform this operation.

2. Possible reasons to ‘Reset Disks to Non-RAID’ could include issues such as incompatible RAID configurations or a failed volume or failed disk.

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MS-7028 ATX Mainboard

Installing Software

Install Driver in Windows XP / 2000

New Windows XP / 2000 Installation

The following details the installation of the drivers while installing Windows XP /

2000.

1. Start the installation:

Boot from the CD-ROM. Press F6 when the message "Press F6 if you need to install third party SCSI or RAID driver" appears.

2. When the Windows XP Setup window is generated, press S to specify an

Additional Device(s).

3. Insert the driver diskette Intel IAA RAID XP Driver For ICH6R (FW82801FR) into drive A: and press <Enter>.

4. Choose the driver Intel(R) 82801FR SATA RAID Controller from the dropdown list that appears on Windows XP Setup screen, and press the <Enter> key.

5. Press <Enter> to continue with installation or if you need to specify any additional devices to be installed, do so at this time. Once all devices are specified, press <Enter> to continue with installation.

6. From the Windows XP/2000 Setup screen, press the <Enter> key. Setup will now load all device files and then continue the Windows XP/2000 installation.

Existing Windows XP/2000 Driver Installation

1. Insert the MSI CD into the CD-ROM drive.

2. The CD will auto-run and the setup screen will appear.

3. Under the Driver tab, click on Intel IAA RAID Edition .

4. The drivers will be automatically installed.

Confirming Windows XP/2000 Driver Installation

1. From Windows XP/2000, open the Control Panel from My Computer followed by the System icon.

2. Choose the Hardware tab, then click the Device Manager tab.

3. Click the " + " in front of the SCSI and RAID Controllers hardware type. The driver Intel(R) 82801FR SATA RAID Controller should appear.

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Introduction to Intel ICH6R SATA RAID

Installation of Intel Application Accelerator RAID Edition

The Intel Application Accelerator RAID Edition driver may be used to operate the hard drive from which the system is booting or a hard drive that contains important data. For this reason, you cannot remove or un-install this driver from the system after installation; however, you will have the ability to un-install all other non-driver components.

Insert the MSI CD and click on the Intel IAA RAID Edition to install the software.

Click on this item

5 - 9

MS-7028 ATX Mainboard

The InstallShield Wizard will begin automatically for installation showed as following:

Click on the Next button to proceed the installation in the welcoming window.

5 - 1 0

Introduction to Intel ICH6R SATA RAID

The window shows the components to be installed. Click Next button to continue.

After reading the license agreement in the following window, click Yes button to continue.

5 - 1 1

MS-7028 ATX Mainboard

Select the folder in which you want the program to be installed in the following window, and click Next button to start installation.

Select a program folder in the following window where you want Setup to add the program icon.

5 - 1 2

Introduction to Intel ICH6R SATA RAID

The following window appears to show the Intel Application Accelerator RAID

Edition Setup installation status.

Once the installation is complete, the following window appears.

5 - 1 3

MS-7028 ATX Mainboard

RAID Migration Instructions

The Intel Application Accelerator RAID Edition offers the flexibility to upgrade from a single Serial ATA (SATA) hard drive to a two drive RAID 0 or RAID 1 configuration when an additional SATA hard drive is added to the system. This process will create a new RAID volume from an existing disk. However, several important steps must be followed at the time the system is first configured in order to take advantage of RAID when upgrading to a second SATA hard drive:

1. BIOS must be configured for RAID before installing Windows* XP on the single SATA hard drive. Refer to P.3-13 BIOS Configuration for properly setting of the BIOS.

2. Install the Intel Application Accelerator RAID Driver during Windows Setup.

Refer to P.5-8 Installing Software for instructions on installing the driver during Windows Setup.

3. Install the Intel Application Accelerator RAID Edition after the operating system is installed.

To create a volume from an existing disk, complete the following steps:

MSI Reminds You...

A Create from Existing Disk operation will delete all existing data from the added disk and the data cannot be recovered. It is critical to backup all important data on the added disk before proceeding. However, during the migration process, the data on the source disk is preserved.

After the Intel Application Accelerator RAID Edition has been successfully installed and the system has rebooted, click on the Intel Application Accelerator shortcut link ( Start --> All Programs --> Intel(R) Application Accelerator -->

Intel Application Accelerator ) and the following window will appear:

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Introduction to Intel ICH6R SATA RAID

Create RAID Volume from Existing Disk

To create a RAID volume from an existing disk, choose Action --> Create

RAID Volume from Existing Hard Drive .

The Create RAID Volume from Existing Hard Drive Wizard pops up to lead you for the following procedure. Click Next to continue.

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MS-7028 ATX Mainboard

(1) Step 1: Configure Volume

Here you can configure the new RAID volume by entering the volume name, selecting the RAID level and strip size.

RAID Volume Name:

A desired RAID volume name needs to be typed in where the ‘RAID_Volume1’ text currently appears above. The RAID volume name has a maximum limit of 16 characters.

The RAID volume name must also be in English alphanumeric ASCII characters.

RAID Level:

Select the desired RAID level:

RAID 0 (Performance) – A volume optimized for performance will allow you to access your data more quickly.

RAID 1 (Redundancy) – A volume optimized for data redundancy will provide you with a realtime duplicate copy of your data. Note:

Only half of the available volume space will be available for data storage.

Strip Sizes:

Select the desired strip size setting. As indicated, the optimal setting is 128KB. Selecting any other option may result in performance degradation. Even though 128KB is the recommended setting for most users, you should choose the strip size value which is best suited to your specific RAID usage model. The most typical strip size settings are:

4KB : For specialized usage models requiring 4KB strips

8KB : For specialized usage models requiring 8KB strips

16KB : Best for sequential transfers

32KB : Good for sequential transfers

64KB : Good general purpose strip size

128KB : Best performance for most desktops and workstations

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Introduction to Intel ICH6R SATA RAID

(2) Select the source disk

Then select the source disk that you wish to use and then click “--->” to move it to the Selected field. Then click Next to continue.

It is very important to note which disk is the source disk (the one containing all of the information to be migrated) and which one is the target disk. On a RAID Ready system, this can be determined by making a note during POST of which port (e.g. Port

0 or Port 1) the single disk is attached to.

You can also use the Intel Application Accelerator RAID Edition utility before the second disk is installed to verify the Port and serial number of the drive that contains all the data.

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MS-7028 ATX Mainboard

(3) Select Member Hard Drive(s)

Then select the member disk (the target disk) that you wish to use and then click “--->” to move it to the Selected field. Then click Next to continue.

Please note that the existing data on the selected hard drive(s) will be deleted permanently. Do not forget to back up all the important data before continuing.

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Introduction to Intel ICH6R SATA RAID

(4) Specify Volume Size

Specify the amount of available array space to be used by the new RAID volume. You may enter the amount in the space or use the slider to specify. It is recommended you use 100% of the available space for the optimized usage, either for RAID 0 or RAID1 volume. For RAID 0 volume, if you do not specify 100% of the hard drive space, the rest hard drive space will be worked as RAID 1 volume, which is the new technology called Intel Matrix RAID. Then click Next to continue.

(5) Start Creating RAID Volume from Existing Hard Drive Wizard

Before you continue the procedure of RAID volume creation from existing hard drive, read the dialogue box below carefully. Please note that once you click

Finish , the existing data on the selected hard drive(s) will be deleted permanently and this operation cannot be undone. It is critical that you backup all important data before selecting Finish to start the migration process.

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MS-7028 ATX Mainboard

(6) Start Migration

The migration process may take up to two hours to complete depending on the size of the disks being used and the strip size selected. A dialogue window will appear stating that the migration process may take considerable time to complete, meanwhile a popup dialogue at the taskbar will also show the migration status. While you can still continue using your computer during the migration process, once the migration process starts, it cannot be stopped. If the migration process gets interrupted and your system is rebooted for any reason, it will pick up the migration process where it left off. You will be provided with an estimated completion time (the remaining time will depend on your system) once the migration process starts.

The following screen appears if the migration process is completed successfully. Then you have to reboot your system to use the full capacity of the new volume.

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Introduction to VIA VT6410 IDE RAID

Chapter 5. Intel ICH6R RAID

Introduction

Introduction to

VIA VT6410 IDE RAID

The VIA IDE RAID solution uses the VT6410 chip (a two-channel ATA 133 solution) as a RAID controller. The RAID software is a Windows-based software utility. Its graphical user interface provides an easy way to configure and manage disk drives or disk arrays connected to the VT6410 controller.

Listed below are the main features and benefits of VIA IDE RAID:

1.

Supports ATA 133 high performance hard disk drive.

2.

Supports hard disk drive larger than 137 GB (48-bits LBA).

3.

Dual independent ATA channels and maximum connection of four hard disk drives allowed.

4.

Supports Ultra DMA mode 6/5/4/3/2/1/0, DMA mode 2/1/0, and PIO mode

4/3/2/1/0.

5.

Supports PCI Plug and Play. PCI interrupt sharing and coexists with mainboard IDE controller.

6.

Supports IDE bus master operation.

7.

Supports RAID 0, 1, 0+1, and JBOD.

8.

4 KB to 64 KB striping block size support.

9.

Bootable disk or disk array support.

10. Windows-based RAID configuration and management software tool.

(Compatible with BIOS)

11. Real-time monitoring of device status and error alarm with popup message box and beeping.

12. Supports hot-swap failed disk drive in RAID 1 and 0+1 array.

13. Mirroring automatic background rebuilds support.

14. ATA SMART function support.

15. Event log for easy troubleshooting.

16. On-line help for easy operation for RAID software.

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MS-7028 ATX Mainboard

Introduction

This section gives a brief introduction on the RAID-related background knowledge and a brief introduction on VIA IDE RAID Host Controller. For users wishing to install their VIA IDE RAID driver and RAID software, proceed to Installing Software section.

RAID Basics

RAID (Redundant Array of Independent Disks) is a method of combining two or more hard disk drives into one logical unit. The advantage of an Array is to provide better performance or data fault tolerance. Fault tolerance is achieved through data redundant operation, where if one drives fails, a mirrored copy of the data can be found on another drive. This can prevent data loss if the operating system fails or hangs. The individual disk drives in an array are called “members”. The configuration information of each member is recorded in the “reserved sector” that identifies the drive as a member. All disk members in a formed disk array are recognized as a single physical drive to the operating system.

Hard disk drives can be combined together through a few different methods.

The different methods are referred to as different RAID levels. Different RAID levels represent different performance levels, security levels and implementation costs.

The RAID levels which the VIA VT6410 SATA RAID Host Controller supports are RAID

0, RAID 1, RAID 0+1 & JBOD. The table below briefly introduce these RAID levels.

RAID Level

RAID 0 (Striping)

No. of Drives

2

Capacity

Number drives *

Smallest size

RAID 1 (Mirroring)

RAID 0+1

(Striping/Mirroring)

2

4

Smallest size

2* smallest size

JBOD

(Spanning)

2 Sum of all drives

Benefits

Highest performance without data protection

Data protection

Highest performance with data protection

No data protection and performance improvement, but disk capacity is fully used.

RAID 0 (Striping)

RAID 0 reads and writes sectors of data interleaved between multiple drives.

If any disk member fails, it affects the entire array. The disk array data capacity is equal to the number of drive members times the capacity of the smallest member. The striping block size can be set from 4KB to 64KB. RAID 0 does not support fault tolerance.

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Introduction to VIA VT6410 IDE RAID

RAID 1 (Mirroring)

RAID 1 writes duplicate data onto a pair of drives and reads both sets of data in parallel. If one of the mirrored drives suffers a mechanical failure or does not respond, the remaining drive will continue to function. Due to redundancy, the drive capacity of the array is the capacity of the smallest drive. Under a RAID 1 setup, an extra drive called the “spare drive”. can be attached. Such a drive will be activated to replace a failed drive that is part of a mirrored array. Due to the fault tolerance, if any

RAID 1 drive fails, data access will not be affected as long as there are other working drives in the array.

RAID 0+1 (Striping/Mirroring)

RAID 0+1 is a combination of RAID 0 and RAID 1 array types. A minimum of four drives needs to be installed. With a four-drive array, there must be two pairs of

RAID 0 drives. Each pair mirrors the data on the other pair of striping drives. The data capacity is two times the smallest drive. In a four-drive array, a single drive failure will cause the whole array to become, in essence, a RAID Level 0 array. However, this does not impact the data access. Another unique feature of RAID 0+1 is dual fault tolerance. In some cases, two drives can fail simultaneously and still maintain the integrity of the data. The data can still be accessed and worked like a RAID 0 array.

Assume the drives are configured as follows (M = Master, S = Slave, A/B indicates which striping pair the drive belongs to, number indicates which part of stripe data):

M

S

IDE 2 IDE 3

Drive A1 Drive A2

Drive B1 Drive B2

In a RAID 0+1 array, the data integrity will remain if any 1, 2 combination survives. The following table indicates the possible combination of dual drive failure and the respective results of each case.

Failed Drives Array Status Note

A1, A2

B1, B2

A1, B2

B1, A2

A1, B1

A2, B2

Working

Working

Working

Working

Failure

Failure

B1, B2 retains array integrity

A1, A2 retains array integrity

B1, A2 retains array integrity

A1, B2 retains array integrity

A2, B2 contains only half of array data

A1, B1 contains only half of array data

JBOD (Spanning)

A spanning disk array is equal to the sum of the all drives when the drives used are having different capacities. Spanning stores data onto a drive until it is full, then proceeds to store files onto the next drive in the array. When any disk member fails, the failure affects the entire array. JBOD is not really a RAID and does not support fault tolerance.

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MS-7028 ATX Mainboard

BIOS Configuration

When the system powers on during the POST (Power-On Self Test) process, press <Tab> key to enter the BIOS configuration.

The VIA IDE RAID volume may be configured using the VIA Tech. RAID BIOS.

Always use the arrow keys to navigate the main menu, use up and down arrow key to select the each item and press <Enter> to call out the list of creation steps. The main interface of BIOS configuration utility is as below:

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Introduction to VIA VT6410 IDE RAID

Create Disk Array

Use the up and down arrow keys to select the Create Array command and press <Enter>.

MSI Reminds You...

The “Channel”, “Drive Name”, “Mode” and “Size (GB)” in the following example might be different from your system.

Select Array Mode and press <Enter>, a list of array modes will appear.

Highlight the target array mode that you want to create, and press <Enter> to confirm the selection. If RAID 1 or RAID 0/1 is selected, an option list will popup and enable the users to select Create only or Create and duplicate . Create only will allow BIOS to only create an array. The data on the mirroring drive may be different from the source drive. Create and duplicate lets BIOS copy the data from the source to the mirroring drive.

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MS-7028 ATX Mainboard

After array mode is selected, there are two methods to create a disk array.

One method is “ Auto Setup” and the other one is “ Select Disk Drives” . Auto

Setup allows BIOS to select the disk drives and create arrays automatically, but it does not duplicate the mirroring drives even if the user selected Create and duplicate for RAID 1. It is recommended all disk drives are new ones when wanting to create an array. Select Disk Drives lets the user select the array drives by their requirements. When using Select Disk Drives , the channel column will be activated.

Highlight the target drives that you want to use and press <Enter> to select them.

After all drives have been selected, press <Esc> to go back to the creation steps menu.

If user selects a RAID 0 array in step 2, the block size of the array can also be selected. Use the arrow key to highlight Block Size and press <Enter>, then select a block size from the popup menu. The block size can be 4KB to 64KB.

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Introduction to VIA VT6410 IDE RAID

MSI Reminds You...

Even though 64KB is the recommended setting for most users, you should choose the block size value which is best suited to your specific

RAID usage model.

4KB : For specialized usage models requiring 4KB blocks

8KB : For specialized usage models requiring 8KB blocks

16KB : Best for sequential transfers

32KB : Good for sequential transfers

64KB : Optimal setting

Use the arrow key to highlight Start Create Process and press <Enter>. A warning message will appear, Press Y to finish the creation, or press N to cancel the creation. Important note: All existing content in the hard drive will be destroyed after array creation.

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MS-7028 ATX Mainboard

Delete Disk Array

A RAID can be deleted after it has been created. To delete a RAID, use the following steps:

1.

Select Delete Array in the main menu and press <Enter>. The channel column will be activated.

2.

Select the member of an array that is to be deleted and press <Enter>. A warning message will show up, press Y to delete or press N to cancel.

Deleting a disk array will destroy all the data on the disk array except RAID 1 arrays. When a RAID is deleted, the data on these two hard disk drives will be reserved and become two normal disk drives.

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Introduction to VIA VT6410 IDE RAID

Create and Delete Spare Hard Drive

If a RAID 1 array is created and there are drives that do not belong to other arrays, the one that has a capacity which is equal to or greater than the array capacity can be selected as a spare drive for the RAID 1 array. Select Create/

Delete Spare and press <Enter>, the channel column will then be activated. Select the drive that you want to use as a spare drive and press <Enter>, the selected drive will be marked as Spare . The spare drive cannot be accessed in an OS.

To delete a spare drive, highlight Create/Delete Spare and press <Enter>.

The spare drive will be highlighted, press <Enter> to delete the spare drive.

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MS-7028 ATX Mainboard

Select Boot Array

User can select a disk array as boot device if user wants to boot operating system from an array. Boot disk array cannot be selected if the operating system does not boot from the disk array. Highlight the Select Boot Array item; press

<Enter> and the channel column will be activated. Then highlight the target disk array and press <Enter>. If user selects a disk array that has a boot mark and press

<Enter>, its boot setting will be canceled.

View Serial Number of Hard Drive

Highlight Serial Number View and press <Enter>. Use arrow key to select a drive, the selected drive’s serial number can be viewed in the last column. The serial number is assigned by the disk drive manufacturer.

Press the F1 key to show the array status on the lower screen. If there are no disk arrays then nothing will be displayed on the screen.

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Introduction to VIA VT6410 IDE RAID

Duplicate Critical RAID 1 Array

When booting up the system, BIOS will detect if the RAID 1 array has any inconsistencies between user data and backup data. If BIOS detects any inconsistencies, the status of the disk array will be marked as critical, and BIOS will prompt the user to duplicate the RAID 1 in order to ensure the backup data consistency with the user data.

If user selects Continue to boot, it will enable duplicating the array after booting into OS.

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MS-7028 ATX Mainboard

Rebuild Broken RAID 0/0+1 Array

When booting up the system, BIOS will detect if any member disk drives of

RAID has failed or is absent. If BIOS detects any disk drive failures or missing disk drives, the status of the array will be marked as broken.

If BIOS detects a broken RAID 1 array but there is a spare hard drive available for rebuilding the broken array, the spare hard drive will automatically become the mirroring drive. BIOS will show a main interface just like a duplicated RAID 1 main interface. Continue to boot will enable duplicating the array after booting into operating system.

If BIOS detects a broken RAID 1 or 0+1 array but there is no spare hard drive available for rebuilding the array, BIOS will provide several operations to solve such problem.

1.

Power off and Check the Failed Drive:

This item turns off the computer and replaces the failed hard drive with a good one. If your computer does not support APM, you must turn off your computer manually. After replacing the hard drive, boot into BIOS and select Choose replacement drive and rebuild to rebuild the broken array.

2.

Destroy the Mirroring Relationship:

This item cancels the data mirroring relationship of the broken array. For broken

RAID 1 arrays, the data on the surviving disk will remain after the destroy operation.

However, Destroy the Mirroring Relationship is not recommend because the data on the remaining disk will be lost when the hard drive is used to create another RAID 1 array.

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Introduction to VIA VT6410 IDE RAID

3.

Choose Replacement Drive and Rebuild:

This item enables users to select an already-connected hard drive to rebuild the broken array. After choosing a hard drive, the channel column will be activated.

Highlight the target hard drive and press <Enter>, a warning message will appear.

Press Y to use that hard drive to rebuild, or press N to cancel. Please note selecting option Y will destroy all the data on the selected hard drive.

4.

Continue to boot:

This item enables BIOS to skip the problem and continue booting into OS.

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MS-7028 ATX Mainboard

Installing Software

Install Driver in Windows XP/2000

New Windows XP/2000 Installation

The following details the installation of the drivers while installing Windows XP.

1.

Start the installation:

Boot from the CD-ROM. Press F6 when the message "Press F6 if you need to install third party SCSI or RAID driver" appears.

2.

When the Windows Setup window is generated, press S to specify an

Additional Device(s).

3.

Insert the driver diskette Intel ICH6R/VIA VT6410 Disk Driver into drive A: and press <Enter>.

4.

Depending on your operation system, choose the driver VIA RAID Controller

(Windows XP), VIA RAID Controller (Windows 2000) which matches to your OS.

5.

Press <Enter> to continue with installation or if you need to specify any additional devices to be installed, do so at this time. Once all devices are specified, press <Enter> to continue with installation.

6.

From the Windows XP/2000 Setup screen, press the <Enter> key. Setup will now load all device files and then continue the Windows XP installation

Existing Windows XP/2000 Driver Installation

1. Insert the MSI CD into the CD-ROM drive.

2. The CD will auto-run and the setup screen will appear.

3. Under the Driver tab, click on VIA IDE RAID Drivers .

4. The drivers will be automatically installed.

Confirming Windows XP/2000 Driver Installation

1. From Windows XP/2000, open the Control Panel from My Computer followed by the System icon.

2. Choose the Hardware tab, then click the Device Manager tab.

3. Click the " + " in front of the SCSI and RAID Controllers hardware type. The driver VIA VT6410 RAID Controller should appear.

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Introduction to VIA VT6410 IDE RAID

Installation of VIA IDE RAID Utility

The VIA IDE RAID Utility is the software package that enables high-performance in the Windows XP/2000 operating system. This version of VIA IDE RAID Utility contains the following key features:

IDE RAID driver

VIA IDE RAID utility

RAID0, RAID1 & RAID0+1 functions

Insert the MSI CD and click on the VIA IDE RAID Utility to install the software.

Click on this item

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MS-7028 ATX Mainboard

The InstallShield Wizard will begin automatically for installation. Click on the

Next button to proceed the installation in the welcoming window.

Select I Agree to accept the VIA Software License Agreement, and click on the Next button to continue.

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Introduction to VIA VT6410 IDE RAID

Put a check mark in the check box to install the feature you want. Then click

Next button to proceed the installation.

Remember to restart your computer before using this newly installed program.

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MS-7028 ATX Mainboard

Using VIA RAID Tool

Once the installation is complete, go to Start ---> Programs ---> VIA --->

RAID to enable VIA RAID TOOL .

After the software has finished installation, it will automatically start every time Windows is initiated.

You may double-click on the icon shown in the system tray of the tool bar to launch the VIA RAID Tool utility.

The main interface is divided into two windows and the toolbar above contain the main functions. Click on these toolbar buttons to execute their specific functions.

The left window pane displays the controller and disk drives. The right window pane displays the details of the controller or disk drives. In this model, the available features are as following:

View by Controllers

Check All Disks

View Event log

Help Topics

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Introduction to VIA VT6410 IDE RAID

Click on or button to determine the viewing type of left window pane.

There are two viewing types: By controllers and by device. Click on the object in the left window pane to display the status of the object in the right window pane. The following screen shows the status of Array 0---RAID 0.

disk.

Click on the plus (+) symbol next to Array 0---RAID 0 to see the details of each

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MS-7028 ATX Mainboard

You may also use the same or button to view the statuses of Array

0---RAID 1.

disk.

Click on the plus (+) symbol next to Array 0---RAID 1 to see the details of each

6 - 2 0

Introduction to CMI9880L Audio Codec

Chapter 7. Introduction to

CMI 9880L Audio Codec

Introduction to

CMI 9880L Audio Codec

The motherboard comes with CMI9880L audio chip, which supports the brand new Azalia specification. In addition, C-Media designs a multi-stream function which allows the rear audio & front panel to play different audio sources simultaneously. CMI

9880L also allows the board to attach 4, 6, and 8 speakers for better surround sound effect. The section will guide you to experience the powerful features of this audio chip.

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MS-7028 ATX Mainboard

Installing the Audio Codec Driver

To install C-Media drivers:

1.

Insert the MSI CD into the CD-ROM drive. The setup screen will automatically appear.

2.

Click on C-Media Azalia Audio Driver .

3.

Follow the on-screen instructions to complete installation.

4.

Restart the system.

Click the C-Media Azalia Audio Driver

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Introduction to CMI9880L Audio Codec

Software Configuration

To have your 4-/6-/8-channel audio work, you must set appropriate configuration in the C-Media software application. Click the C-Media Mixer icon from the window tray on the bottom, and choose Open .

Then the C-Media 3D Audio Configuration dialogue will appear. Click on the Main Setting tab to start the configuration of the audio.

Main Setting

1. Output Device: Analog Output

Here you can configure the preferred output device among earphone, 2channel speakers, 4-channel speakers, 6-channel speakers & 8-channel speakers.

Click on the desired output device and the figure of the virtual speaker will change for the correct demonstration simultaneously.

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MS-7028 ATX Mainboard

Click on the icon and the Speaker Environment dialogue appears.

Bass Enhancement: You may enable the Bass Enhancement option to enhance the bass signal effect

Center/Bass Output Swap: Enabling this option will exchange the center/bass output channel. PC speaker manufactures typically define that the center signal is delivered by tip of the stereo plug and the bass signal is by ring of it, as the figure showed below. However, some speakers have opposite definition. Please use this option to solve the possible trouble.

Center Bass Bass Center

In the left side, check the radio button next to the speaker to fit your audio devices.

In the Audio Jacks tab in the right side, the audio will function as it shows. Please confirm you have connected your hardware to correct jacks before using.

2. Output Device: S/PDIF Output

Click on the blue radio button to enable the S/PDIF output function. It will play Digital Audio to Digital S/PDIF Output. Choosing this option allows the output digital playing audio from your computer like DVD, VCD, digital CD, MP3, Wave... etc through S/PDIF in 48KHz sample rate.

S/PDIF Out-Optical S/PDIF Out-Coaxial

3. Audio Jack

This part shows the audio jack on your mainboard and indicates each function.

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Introduction to CMI9880L Audio Codec

4. DPS Mode: Disabled

This part provides an advanced, amazing and considerate feature-dynamically adjustable multi-channel sound system no matter what listening appliance you are using and what application you are running.

The default setting for DPS Mode is off, in which the hammer icon next to the DPS Mode and the 7.1 Virtual SPEAKER SHIFTER button remain gray.

Here you can test each connected speaker to ensure if each channel audio operation works properly. If any speaker fails to make sound, then check whether the cable is inserted firmly to the connector or replace the bad speakers with good ones.

Select the speaker by clicking it to test its functionality. The one you select will light up and make testing sound.

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MS-7028 ATX Mainboard

5. DPS Mode: Enabled

This part provides an advanced, amazing and considerate feature-dynamically adjustable multi-channel sound system no matter what listening appliance you are using and what application you are running.

Click the hammer icon next to the DPS Mode and click the 7.1 Virtual

SPEAKER SHIFTER button, or click the 7.1 Virtual SPEAKER SHIFTER button directly to enable this function, then all the speakers are available to adjust.

You may move all the virtual speakers to anywhere. Center is usually for

Voice in DVD and just suitable to move in vertical to keep the sound in the center.

Subwoofer signal is directionless low-frequency sound to human ears. Thus, please move it horizontally to express strength or weakness.

7 - 6

Toolbar of DPS Mode

<1> <2> <3> <4> <5>

<1> Rotate all the virtual speakers clockwise.

<2> Rotate all the virtual speakers anti-clockwise.

<3> Move all the virtual speakers randomly.

<4> Move individual virtual speaker randomly.

<5> Reset the change to the default setting.

Introduction to CMI9880L Audio Codec

Smart Jack

Here it indicates the audio output of each back panel jack.

1. Back Panel

The audio configuration shown here should be identical to the audio jacks on your mainboard. Follow the indication on it to connect the audio output devices correctly.

2. Front Panel

For the front panel audio jack, usually the green one is connected to Line-Out device while the pink one is for MIC. However, you can configure the definition as you wish by clicking the hammer icon, and select the preferred function in the Smart

Jack Retasking Function dialogue.

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MS-7028 ATX Mainboard

Mixer

1. Multi-Stream Function

CMI9880L supports an outstanding feature called Multi-Stream, which means you may play different audio sources simultaneously and let them output respectively from the indicated real panel or front panel. This feature is very helpful when 2 people are using the same computer together for different purposes.

Go to Control Panel --> Sounds, Speech and Audio Devices --> Sounds and Audio Devices --> Sounds and Audio Devices Properties , and choose

Audio tab. In Sound playback / Default device: part, you can see two options:

C-Media Azalia Rear Panel & C-Media Azalia Front Panel.

When you are playing the first audio source (for example: use Windows

Media Player to play DVD/VCD), the output will be played from the rear panel, which is the default setting.

Then switch the setting to C-Media Azalia Front Panel and click Apply , then use a different program to play the second audio source (for example: use

Winamp to play MP3 files). You will find that the second audio source (MP3 music) will come out from the Line-Out audio jack of Front Panel.

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Introduction to CMI9880L Audio Codec

In the Mixer part, you may adjust the volumes of the rear and front panels individually.

2. Recording

If you want to use microphone to record, usually the microphone is connected to the MIC jack (the pink one) in the rear audio panel. You can start recording in this case. However, if you want to hear the voice you are recording, click on the small hammer below the Microphone, and enable the checkbox of Monitoring

(Monitoring Microphone to Line Out) .

The Monitoring (Monitoring Microphone to Line Out) function is also available for the CD Player & Line In recording. Click on the small hammer next to each of them to configure.

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MS-7028 ATX Mainboard

If you’d like to connect your microphone to the front audio panel, please go to the Sounds and Audio Devices Properties dialogue and go to the Sound recording part. The default setting of this item is C-Media Azalia Rear Panel and you have to switch it to the C-Media Azalia Front Panel. Please note the Monitoring

(Monitoring Microphone to Line Out) is only available for the rear audio panel.

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Introduction to CMI9880L Audio Codec

Effect

From this part, you may choose the sound effect you like, such as environment effects, environment sizes and equalizers. You may also define your own equalizers and save them for the future usage.

Information

In this tab it provides some information about the Azalia Audio Configuration utility, including 3D Audio Engine, Audio Codec, Audio Driver Version, Audio Controller

& DirectX Version. You may also select the language of this utility by choosing from the Language list.

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