Chapter 5. nVidia RAID Introduction. MSI MS-7207, K8NGM2-L

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Chapter 5. nVidia RAID Introduction. MSI MS-7207, K8NGM2-L | Manualzz

M S-7207 M -ATX M ainboard

Introduction

System Requirement

Operating System Support

NVRAID supports the following operating systems:

W indows XP

W indows 2000 Professional

RAID Arrays

NVRAID supports the following types of RAID arrays described in this section:

RAID 0: RAID 0 defines a disk striping scheme that improves the disk read and write times for many applications.

RAID 1: RAID 1 defines techniques for mirroring data.

RAID 0+1: RAID 0+1 combines the techniques used in RAID 0 and RAID 1 arrays.

RAID 5: RAID 5 defines techniques for parity data.

Spanning (JBOD): JBOD provides a method for combining drives of different sizes into one large disk

Summary of RAID Configurations

Array Uses Advantages

RAID 0

RAID 1

RAID 0+1

RAID 5

Non-critical data requiring high performance.

Small databases or any other small capacity environment requiring fault tolerance.

Critical data requiring high performance.

Critical data and reasonable level of performance.

Drawbacks

High data throughput. No fault tolerance.

100% data redundancy.

Optimized for both

100% data redundancy and performance.

Allows spare disks.

Fault tolerance and better utilization of disk space.

Requires 2 drives for the storage space of 1 drive.

Requires 2 drives for the storage space of 1 drive — the same as

RAID level 1.

Decreased write performance due to parity calculations.

Requires at least three drives.

# Hard

Disks multiple

2

4+

3+

Fault

Tolerance

None

Yes

Yes

Yes

JBOD Combining odd size drives into one big drive

Combines and uses the capacity of odd size drives.

Decreases performance because of the difficulty in using drives concurrently or to optimize drives for different uses.

Multiple No

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nVIDIA RAID Introduction

RAID Configuration

Basic Configuration Instructions

The following are the basic steps for configuring NVRAID:

Non-Bootable RAID Array

1. Choose the hard disks that are to be RAID enabled in the system BIOS. (To enable the nVidia RAID Function in nVidia RAID Setup of Integrated Peripherals in

BIOS.)

2. Specify the RAID level, either Mirroring (RAID 1), Striping (RAID 0), Striping and

Mirroring (RAID 0+1), RAID 5 or JBOD and create the desired RAID array.

3. Enter the W indows OS, run the W indows nForce Setup application and install the

RAID software. (Check p.6-9 for details.)

4. Initialize the NVRAID Array Disks.

Bootable RAID Array

1. Choose the hard disks that are to be RAID enabled in the system BIOS. (To enable the nVidia RAID Function in nVidia RAID Setup of Integrated Peripherals in

BIOS.)

2. Specify the RAID level, either Mirroring (RAID 1), Striping (RAID 0), Striping and

Mirroring (RAID 0+1), RAID 5 or JBOD and create the desired RAID array.

3. Boot from the W indows CD, use the floppy disk that has the RAID driver to copy

and install the nForce RAID software. (Check p.6-7 for details.)

4. Initialize the NVRAID Array Disks.

Setting Up the NVRAID BIOS

Be sure to enable the nVidia RAID Function in nVidia RAID Setup of Integrated

Peripherals in BIOS before configuring the NVRAID BIOS. After that press F10 to save the configuration and exit. The PC will reboot right away. Then enter the RAID

BIOS Setup by pressing F10 when prompted, and follow the procedures described below to set up the NVRAID BIOS.

NVRAID BIOS setup lets you choose the RAID array type and which hard drives you want to make part of the array.

Entering the RAID BIOS Setup

1. After rebooting your PC, wait until yo u s e e t h e R A I D s of t w ar e prompting you to press F10 . The

RAID prompt appears as part of the system POST and boot process prior to loading the OS.

2. Press F10 , and the NVIDIA RAID

Utility --- Define a New Array window will appear.

The default RAID M ode is set to

Mirroring and Striping Block is set to Optimal .

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Understanding the “ Define a New Array ” Window

Use the Define a New Array window to

• Select the RAID Mode

• Set up the Striping Block

Specify which disks to use for the RAID Array

Depending on the platform used, the system can have one or more channels. In a typical system there is usually one controller and multiple channels, and each channel has a slave and a master.

The channel/controller/master/slave status of each hard disk is given in the Loc

(location) columns of the Free Disks and Array Disks lists.

In the example above, 1.0.M means the hard drive is attached to Channel 1, Controller

0, and the drive is set to Master. The following is a list of all possible combinations:

Parallel ATA

0.0.M

0.0.S

0.1.M

0.1.S

Channel 0, controller 0, Master

Channel 0, controller 0, Slave

Channel 0, controller 1, Master

Channel 0, controller 1, Slave

Serial ATA

1.0.M

1.1.M

2.0.M

2.1.M

Channel 1, controller 0, Master

Channel 1, controller 1, Master

Channel 2, controller 0, Master

Channel 2, controller 1, Master

MSI Reminds You...

There is no such thing as Slave drive in Serial ATA. All drives are considered to be Master since there is a one to one connection between the drive and the controller.

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nVIDIA RAID Introduction

Using the Define a New Array Window

If necessary, press the tab key to move from field to field until the appropriate field is highlighted.

• Selecting the RAID Mode

By default, this is set to [Mirroring]. To change to a different RAID mode, press the down arrow key until the mode that you want appears in the RAID Mode box — either

[Mirroring], [Striping], [RAID5], [Spanning], or [Stripe Mirroring].

• Selecting the Striping Block Size

Striping Block size is given in kilobytes, and affects how data is arranged on the disk. It is recommended to leave this value at the default [Optimal], which is 32KB, but the values can be between [4 KB] and [128 KB].

• Assigning the Disks

The disks that you enabled from the RAID Config BIOS setup page appear in the Free

Disks block. These are the drives that are available for use as RAID array disks.

To designate a free disk to be used as a RAID array disk,

1. Tab to the Free Disks section. The first disk in the list is selected.

2. Move it from the Free Disks block to the Array Disks block by pressing the right arrow key (-->). The first disk in the list is moved, and the next disk in the list is selected and ready to be moved.

3. Continue pressing the right-arrow key (<-- ) until all the disks that you want to use as RAID array disks appear in the Array Disks block.

It shows that two disks have been assigned as RAID1 array disks in the figure above.

-

Define a New Array

-

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Completing the RAID BIOS Setup

1. After assigning your RAID array disks, press F7. The Clear disk data prompt appears.

2. Press Y if you want to wipe out all the data from the RAID array, otherwise press

N . You must choose Yes if the drives were previously used as RAID drives.

The Array List window appears, where you can review the RAID arrays that you have set up.

3.

Use the arrow keys to select the array that you want to set up, then press Enter.

The Array Detail window appears.

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4.

If you want to mark this disk as empty and wipe out all its contents then press C .

5.

At the prompt, press Y to wipe out all the data, otherwise press N .

6. Press Enter again to go back to the previous window and then press Ctrl+X to exit the RAID setup. Now that the RAID setup has been configured from the RAID

BIOS, the next step is to configure and load NVRAID drivers under W indows, as explained in

Installing the NVIDIA RAID Software Under W indows

on p5-9.

nVIDIA RAID Introduction

Installing the RAID Driver (for bootable RAID Array)

1. After you complete the RAID BIOS setup, boot from the W indows CD, and the

W indows Setup program starts.

2. Press F6 and wait for the W indows Setup screen to appear.

3. Specify the NVIDIA drivers:

(1) Insert the floppy that has the RAID driver, press S, then press Enter. The

W indows Setup screen appears as below:

MSI Reminds You...

Please follow the instruction below to make an nVIDIA Serial ATA RAID driver for yourself.

1. Insert the MSI CD into the CD-ROM drive.

2. Click the

Browse CD

on the Setup screen.

3. Copy all the contents in the :

\\nVidia\System\C51+M CP51\IDE\Win2k or XP\sataraid\ to a formatted floppy disk.

4. The driver disk for nVIDIA RAID controller is done.

(2) Select “ NVIDIA RAID CLASS DRIVER ” and then press Enter .

(3) Press S again at the Specify Devices screen, then press Enter.

(4) Select “ NVIDIA NForce Storage Controller ” and then press Enter. The following W indows Setup screen appears listing both drivers:

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4. Press Enter to continue with W indows XP Installation. Be sure to leave the floppy disk inserted in the floppy drive until the blue screen portion of W indows XP installation is completed, then take out the floppy.

5. Follow the instructions on how to install W indows XP. After W indows XP is completely installed, it is recommended that you install the the RAID management tool.

MSI Reminds You...

Each time you add a new hard drive to a RAID array, the RAID driver will have to be installed under Windows once for that hard drive. After that, the driver will not have to be installed.

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nVIDIA RAID Introduction

NVIDIA RAID Utility Installation

Installing the NVIDIA RAID Software Under Windows

(for Non-bootable RAID Array)

The existing W indows IDE Parallel ATA driver (as well as the Serial ATA driver if SATA is enabled) must be upgraded to use the NVIDIA IDE Parallel ATA driver (as well as the

NV Serial ATA driver if SATA is enabled).

This section describes how to run the setup application and install the RAID software which will upgrade the W indows IDE driver and install the RAID software.

1. Start the NVIDIA C19 System Drivers installation program to open the NVIDIA

W indows nForce Drivers page.

2. Select the modules that you want to install. Make sure that the “ NVIDIA IDE Driver ” is selected.

MSI Reminds You...

You must install the NVIDIA IDE driver in order to enable NVIDIA

RAID. If you do not install the NVIDIA IDE driver, NVIDIA RAID will not be enabled.

3. Click Next and then follow the instructions.

4. After the installation is completed, be sure to reboot the PC.

5. After the reboot, initialize the newly created array.

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Initializing and Using the Disk Array

The RAID array is now ready to be initialized under W indows.

1. Launch Computer Management by clicking “ Start ” --> “ Settings ” --> “ Control Panel ” then open the “ Administrative Tools ” folder and double click on “ Computer

Management ” .

2. Click

Disk Management

(under the

Storage

section). The Initialize and Convert

Disk W izards appears.

3. Click Next . The Select Disks to Initialize window appears. The disks listed depend on how many arrays you have configured.

4. Click Next . The Select Disks to Convert window appears.

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nVIDIA RAID Introduction

5. Check the disk in the list if you want to make the array a dynamic disk, then click

Next . The Completing the Initialize and Convert Disk Wizard window appears.

6. Click Finish . The “ Computer Management ” window appears.

The actual disks listed will depend on your system, and the unallocated partition is the total combined storage of two hard disks. You must format the unallocated disk space in order to use it.

7 .

Format the unallocated disk space. Right click “ Unallocated space ” , select “ New

Partition …” and follow the wizard. After the drive has been formatted, it is ready for use.

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RAID Drives Management

There is an application called NVRAIDMAN which helps you perform the following tasks of nVDIA RAID.

• Viewing RAID Array Configurations

View an array configuration (mirrored, striped, mirror-striped, JBOD, or any supported combination)

• Setting Up a Spare RAID Disk

• View free and/or dedicated free disks

• Designate a free disk to a particular array

• Creating RAID Arrays

Deleting a RAID Array

• Morphing From One RAID Array to Another

• Hot Plug Array

• Initializing a RAID Array

• Erase the data on the array by writing all zeros to the sectors of each hard

disk.

• Rebuilding a RAID Mirrored Array

• Rebuild a broken mirrored array

• W atch the progress of rebuilding an array

• Only applies to RAID 1, RAID 0+1, and RAID 5 arrays

Synchronizing a RAID Array

• Rebuild the redundancy in RAID 1 or RAID 0+1 arrays (copy the data to the

redundant disk — the same operation as rebuilding)

• Rebuild the parity in RAID 5 arrays

Viewing RAID Array Configurations

To view your RAID configuration from W indows, launch the NVRAID Management utility by double-clicking NvRaidMan.exe (the default location of NvRaidMan.exe is in

\\nVidia\System\C51+MCP51\IDE\Win2k or XP\raidtool\ of the setup CD accompanied with your mainboard).

The RAID configuration information appears in the right-side pane, as shown below.

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MSI Reminds You...

The information in the figures in this part may very from what it is shown in your system.

nVIDIA RAID Introduction

Setting Up a Spare RAID Disk

You can designate a hard drive to be used as a spare drive for a RAID 1, RAID 0+1 or RAID 5 array. The spare drive can take over for a failed disk. NVRAID supports two types of spare drives:

• Free Disk

A free disk is a disk that is not part of any RAID array, but can be used by any available RAID 1 or RAID 0+1 array that requires a particular disk when one of its disks crashes or becomes unusable. The process is automatic and doesn ’ t require any user interaction.

For example, if you have a system with four hard disks where one disk is used to boot the OS, two hard drives are set up in a mirrored array, and a fourth hard disk is set up as a free disk, then if one of the mirrored array drives fails, the free disk will be automatically assigned to the mirrored array to be used instead of the failed disk.

• Dedicated Disk

A dedicated free disk is a disk that is assigned to a RAID 1, RAID 0+1 or RAID 5 array and that disk is used by that array only when needed, for example during a system crash where a RAID mirrored drive is broken. The dedicated disk can be used only by the array that it is assigned to and not by any other array, unlike a free disk which can be used by any available RAID 1, RAID 0+1 or RAID 5 array.

Note: You must have at least two RAID arrays to use this feature.

Assigning a Free Disk

To mark a disk as free, or not a part of any array,

1.

Enter the system BIOS setup and make sure that the drive that you want to mark as free is RAID enabled.

2.

Enter the RAID BIOS and make sure that the drive is not part of any array (if one exists).

3.

Boot into W indows and run the NVRAIDMAN program. The drive appears under the

Free Disk section. The figure below shows an example of the NVRAIDMAN display if you have a mirror array and one free disk.

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Assigning a Dedicated Disk

To mark a disk as dedicated, or reserve it for use by a specific array,

Step 1: Mark the Disk as a Free Disk

1.

Enter the system BIOS setup and make sure that the drive that you want to mark as free is RAID enabled.

2.

Boot into W indows and run the NVRAIDMAN program.

If the disk is not part of any RAID array, then it will appear under the Free Disk section of the RAID GUI.

Step 2: Dedicate the Free Disk to an Array

W hile running NVRAIDMAN, dedicate the free disk to an array by doing the following:

1. Right click one of the two Mirrored arrays as shown below.

2. Select Designate Spare from the menu to launch the Spare Disk Allocation Wizard.

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3. Click Next .

The RAID Array Selection page appears.

nVIDIA RAID Introduction

4. From the Free Disk Selection page, select one of the two free disks available.

This would be the disk that will be designated to the mirror array.

5.

Click Next .

The Completing the NVIDIA Spare Disk Allocation page appears.

6.

Click Finish .

As shown in figure below, the ST380011A drive is now a dedicated free disk in the mirrored array. If a system crash occurs that causes any of the two W D360GD drives to fail, the ST380011A hard drive will take over and be used in the newly formed mirrored array.

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Removing a Dedicated Disk

Once a dedicated disk has been assigned to a particular array, it can be removed at any time. To remove the disk, right click on the dedicated disk and select “ Remove

Disk...

” to remove it. In the previous example, simply right click on the ST380011A drive and select “ Remove Disk...

” . as shown in the screen shot below:

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nVIDIA RAID Introduction

Morphing From One RAID Array to Another

In a traditional RAID environment, when a user wants to change the current state of a disk or a current array to a new RAID configuration, the process of reconfiguring the new array involves multiple steps. The user must back up the data, delete the array, re-boot the PC, and then reconfigure the new array.

NVIDIA RAID allows the end user to change the current state of the disk or array to another with a one-step process called .Morphing.. This section describes the NVIDIA

Morphing process and explains how to use Morphing to convert from one RAID array

type to another.

General M orphing Principles

NVIDIA RAID includes extensive support for morphing, a process of converting from one RAID mode to another RAID mode.

General Requirements and Limitations

The new array capacity must be equal to or greater than the previous array.

For example, it is possible to morph from a RAID 1 array to a RAID 0 array as long as the RAID 0 array is the same size as (or larger than) the RAID 1 array.

• You can ’ t morph

- To or from a JBOD (Spanning) array

- From RAID 1 to RAID 1

- From RAID 0+1 to RAID 1

- From RAID 5 to 1

Specific M orphing Requirements

The following table lists the disk requirements for a new RAID array for various morphing combinations.

From

RAID 0

RAID 1

To

RAID 0

RAID 1

RAID 0+1

RAID5

RAID 0

RAID 1

RAID 0+1

RAID 5

New Array Disk Requirements m > n

Number of disks in the new array must be greater than the original array. m =2, n =1

RAID 1 array must include two disks, converted from a one disk RAID 0 array. m >= 2 x n

Number of RAID 0+1 disks must be equal to or greater than twice the number of RAID 0 disks. m >= n+1

No additional restrictions.

** Not a valid combination **

No additional restrictions. m >= 3

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From To New Array Disk Requirements

RAID 0+1

RAID 5

RAID 0

RAID 1

RAID 0+1

RAID 5

RAID 0

RAID 1

RAID 0+1

RAID 5

Number of RAID 0 disks must be equal to or greater than half the number of RAID 0+1 disks.

** Not a valid combination ** m >= n+2 ; where m must be an even number of disks.

The new array must include at least two more disks than the original array, and can include any even number of disks beyond that. m >= (n/2 + 1) m >= n - 1

** Not a valid combination ** m >= 2 x (n -1) ; where m is an even number of disks. m >= n

Hot Plug Array

W ith respect to RAID, hot plugging is the ability to add a disk to a system safely and without causing problems for the RAID software. For example, when a drive in a mirrored array fails, the user can launch the Hot Plug Array W izard which instructs the user as to when a drive can be safely added to the system. As soon as the drive is added, the user can then finish running the RAID wizard and the drive becomes usable by the system. Hot Plug Array allows the user to add or remove an entire array without degrading the array in the process.

NVRAIDMAN can be used to hot plug a RAID disk. To hot plug a disk, simply do the following:

1 Launch NVRAIDMAN and click on “ Hot Plug Array ” and the following screen shot will appear:

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2 Click Nex t and the following screen shot will appear: nVIDIA RAID Introduction

3 Connect the RAID disk that you want to use with any given RAID array.

4 Click Next and the following screen shot will appear:

5 Click Finish .

Initializing a RAID Array

Initializing a RAID array erases all the data that is stored on that array, and writes all zeros to the disks. Initialization of newly configured RAID arrays is recommended to ensure consistency and reliable performance on any supported fault tolerant array such asRAID 5, RAID 0, and RAID 0+1. Use this feature only if you are absolutely sure that you want to wipe out all the data on that array .

Initialization of a fault tolerant array can only be done when the array is being created. To initialize an array, perform the following steps:

Note: In this example, a mirror array is initialized.

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1 From the NVRAIDMAN window, right click on any available free disk and select

Create Array as show in Figure below.

2 The Create Array W izard opens. Follow the W izard to create a Mirror array.

3 At the Create Array W izard Welcome screen, click Next .

4 At the RAID Array Selection page, make sure that RAID Mode is set to “ Mirroring ”

and Stripe Size is set to its default value of 64K, then click Next .

5 At the Free Disk Selection page, select the two drives that you want to Mirror and click Next .

6 Click Next again and the following screen shot will appear:

7 Check “ Intialize Array ” and then click Next . The Initialization Warning dialog appears.

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nVIDIA RAID Introduction

8 Click OK . The Clearing System Data screen appears again with the Initialize Array check box checked as shown below.

9 Click Next , then click Finish at the Completing the NVIDIA Create Array W izard screen. The NVRAIDMAN windows shows the created RAID array as shown below.

The Initialization Process

As you can see from the screen shot above, the initialization process has started and it will be completed in a short period of time. As soon as the Initialization process starts, a popup window similar to the following will appear: followed by the following pop-up window:

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Rebuilding a RAID Array

Rebuilding is the process of restoring data to a hard drive from other drives in the array. This applies only to fault tolerant arrays such as RAID 1, RAID 0+1, as well as a RAID 5. For example, assuming you have a three disk RAID 5 array, and one of the drives fail, then you need the lost data on the newly added drive.

Rebuilding Instructions

After creating a mirrored array, you can rebuild the array using the following steps:

1 Go to Windows and run the NVIDIA RAID Management utility.

The picture below shows an example of a system with one mirrored array and two free disks.

2 . Right-click on Mirroring. The popup menu appears.

3.

From the popup menu, click Rebuild Array . The NVIDIA Rebuild Array W izard appears.

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4 . Click Next. The Disk Selection page appears.

nVIDIA RAID Introduction

5. Select the drive that you want to rebuild by clicking it from the list, then click Next .

The Completing the NVIDIA Rebuild Array page appears.

6.

Click Finish . The array rebuilding starts after a few seconds, and a small pop-up message appears towards the bottom right corner of the screen as shown in the figure below.

W hen the rebuilding process is finished you will see the pop up box shown in Figure below.

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During the rebuilding process, the NVRAID Management utility screen shows the status under the System Tasks and Details sections.

M ore About Rebuilding Arrays

• Rebuilding Occurs in the Background

The rebuilding process is very slow (it can take up to a day) and occurs in the background so as not to affect the performance of the system.

• Rebuilding Applies Only to RAID 1/ RAID 0+1 or RAID 5 Arrays

Rebuilding an array works only when using RAID 1 , RAID 0+1, or RAID 5. Rebuilding does not apply to RAID 0 and JBOD arrays.

Rebuilding applies to a degraded fault tolerant array

You can rebuild a degraded mirrored array using any available Free Disk or Dedicated

Disk. For example, Figure below shows a mirrored array using two 34.48 GB drives while having two Free Disks each 55.90 GB large.

To use one of these available free disks to rebuild your array, follow the same steps as explained in “ Rebuilding a RAID Array ” on p.6-22, except when prompted to select a disk, choose one of the two available free disks.

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nVIDIA RAID Introduction

Synchronizing a RAID Array

Synchronizing an array will force a rebuild of redundancy or parity. The operation is applicable to any fault tolerant array such as RAID 1, 0+1 and RAID 5.

• For RAID1 and RAID 0+1, “ sync ” results in copying the data to the redundancy disk,

• For RAID 5, “ sync ” results in rebuilding the parity

To sync an array, do the following (This example assumes you have already created a fault tolerant array such as RAID 1):

1 Right click on “ Mirroring ” and select Synchronize Array as shown in Figure below.

2 The Synchronize Array W izard Welcome screen appears.

3 Click on Next and then click Finish at the W izard Completion screen. The

NVRAIDMAN window indicates that the array is synchronizing, as shown in Figure below.

As you can see from the screen shot above, the synchronization process has started and it will be completed in a short period of time.

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Usind Disk Alert

The RAID manager application includes a disk alert feature that provides a graphical indication of the status of the hard disks in the system.

W hen the RAID manager application detects a failure condition of an attached drive, a pop-up box appears in the clock area of the W indows system tray. Click the popup box to view the manufacturer-provide bitmap image of the system motherboard.

The image shows the hard drive connector ports and provides a visual indication of the location and status of the drives as follows:

• Red rectangle: A red rectangle will flash around the port connector that is attached to the failed drive.

Green rectangle: Ports that have a drive attached, and are in a healthy state, are indicated with a green rectangle around the port connector.

• Yellow rectangle: Ports that have a drive attached, are members of a failed RAID array, but are not the cause of the failure have a yellow rectangle around the port connector.

Unconnected ports have no visual indication.

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Introduction to Realtek ALC880

Appendix A: Introduction to Realtek

ALC880

The mainboard is equipped with Realtek ALC880 chip, which provides support for 8-channel audio output, including 2 Front, 2 Rear, 2 Side, 1 Center and

1 Subwoofer channel. ALC880 allows the board to attach 2, 4, 6 or 8 speakers for better surround sound effect. The section will tell you how to install and use 2-, 4-,

6- or 8-channel audio function on the board.

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MS-7207 M-ATX Mainboard

Installing the Audio Driver

You need to install the driver for Realtek ALC880 codec to function properly before you can get access to 2-, 4-, 6- or 8- channel audio operations. Follow the procedures described below to install the drivers for different operating systems.

Installation for Windows 2000/XP

For W indows

®

2000, you must install W indows later before installing the driver. And for W indows

®

2000 Service Pack4 or

®

XP, you must install W indows

®

XP Service Pack1 or later before installing the driver.

The following illustrations are based on W indows

®

XP environment and could look slightly different if you install the drivers in different operating systems.

1.

Insert the companion CD into the CD-ROM drive. The setup screen will automatically appear.

2.

Click Realtek HD Audio Driver .

Click here

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MSI Reminds You...

The HD Audio Configuration software utility is under continuous update to enhance audio applications. Hence, the program screens shown here in this appendix may be slightly different from the latest software utility and shall be held for reference only.

Introduction to Realtek ALC880

3.

Click Next to install the Realtek High Definition Audio Driver.

4.

Click Finish to restart the system.

C lic k he r e

Se le ct t his o pt io n

C lic k he r e

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MS-7207 M-ATX Mainboard

Software Configuration

After installing the audio driver, you are able to use the 2-, 4-, 6- or 8- channel audio feature now. Click the audio icon from the system tray at the lower-right corner of the screen to activate the HD Audio Configuration . It is also available to enable the audio driver by clicking the Azalia HD Sound Effect Manager from the

Control Panel .

Double click

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Introduction to Realtek ALC880

Sound Effect

Here you can select a sound effect you like from the Environment list.

Load EQ Setting

Reset EQ Setting

EQ Setting On/Off

Save Preset

Delete EQ

Setting

You may choose the provided sound effects, and the equalizer will adjust automatically. If you like, you may also load an equalizer setting or make a new equalizer setting to save as a new one by using the “ Load EQ Setting ” and “ Save

Preset ” button, click “ Reset EQ Setting ” button to use the default value, or click

“ Delete EQ Setting ” button to remove a preset EQ setting.

There are also other pre-set equalizer models for you to choose by clicking

“ Others ” under the Equalizer part.

Environment Simulation

You will be able to enjoy different sound experience by pulling down the arrow, totally 23 kinds of sound effect will be shown for selection. Realtek HD Audio Sound

Manager also provides five popular settings “ Stone Corridor ” , “ Bathroom ” , “ Sewer pipe ” , “ Arena ” and “ Audio Corridor ” for quick enjoyment.

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MS-7207 M-ATX Mainboard

Equalizer Selection

Equalizer frees users from default settings; users may create their owned preferred settings by utilizing this tool.

10 bands of equalizer, ranging from 100Hz to 16KHz.

Save

The settings are saved permanently for future use.

Reset

10 bands of equalizer would go back to the default setting.

Enable / Disable

To disable, you can temporarily stop the sound effect without losing the settings.

Lo ad

W henever you would like to use preload settings, simply click this, the whole list will be shown for your selection.

Delete

To delete the pre-saved settings which are created from previous steps.

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Introduction to Realtek ALC880

Frequently Used Equalizer Setting

Realtek recognizes the needs that you might have. By leveraging our long experience at audio field, Realtek HD Audio Sound Manager provides you certain optimized equalizer settings that are frequently used for your quick enjoyment.

[How to Use It]

Other than the buttons

Pop

” “

Live

” “

Club

&

Rock

shown on the page, to pull down the arrow in “ Others ” , you will find more optimized settings available to you.

Karaoke M ode

Karaoke mode brings Karaoke fun back home. Simply using the music you usually play, Karaoke mode can help you eliminate the vocal of the song or adjust the key to accommodate your range.

1.Vocal Cancellation: Single click on “ Voice Cancellation ” , the vocal of the song would

be eliminated, while the background music is still in place, and you can be that singer!

2.Key Adjustment: Using “ Up / Down Arrow ” to find a key which better fits your vocal

range.

Raise the key

Remov e the human voice

Lower the key

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MS-7207 M-ATX Mainboard

Mixer

In the Mixer part, you may adjust the volumes of the rear and front panels individually.

1. Volume

You can adjust the volume of the speakers that you pluged in front or rear panel by select the Realtek HD Audio rear output or Realtek HD Audio front output items.

MSI Reminds You...

Before set up, please make sure the playback devices are well plugged in the jacks on the rear or front panel.

The Realtek HD Audio front output item will appear after you pluging the speakers into the jacks on the front panel.

2. Multi-Stream Function

ALC880 supports an outstanding feature called Multi-Stream, which means you may play different audio sources simultaneously and let them output respectively from the indicated real panel or front panel. This feature is very helpful when 2 people are using the same computer together for different purposes.

Click the button and the Mixer ToolBox menu will appear. Then check the

Enable playback multi-streaming and click OK to save the setup.

MSI Reminds You...

We strongly recommend you to plug the speakers into the audio jacks on the back & front panel before enable the multi-stream function.

A-8

Introduction to Realtek ALC880

W hen you are playing the first audio source (for example: use W indows

Media Player to play DVD/VCD), the output will be played from the rear panel, which is the default setting.

Then you must to select the Realtek HD Audio front output from the scroll list first, and use a different program to play the second audio source (for example: use W inamp to play MP3 files). You will find that the second audio source

(MP3 music) will come out from the Line-Out audio jack of Front Panel.

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MS-7207 M-ATX Mainboard

3. Playback control

Tool Mute

Playback device

This function is to let you freely decide which ports to output the sound. And this is essential when multistreaming playback enabled.

M u te

You may choose to mute single or multiple volume controls or to completely mute sound output.

Tool

Show the following volume control

This is to let you freely decide which volume control items to be displayed, total 13 items to be chosen.

Advanced controls

Enable playback multi-streaming

W ith this function, you will be able to have an audio chat with your friends via headphone (stream 1 from front panel) while still have music (stream 2 from back panel) in play. At any given period, you can have maximum 2 streams operating simultaneously.

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Introduction to Realtek ALC880

4. Recording control

Recording device

Realtek HD Audio Input

Tool

Realtek HD Digital Input

Tool

Show the following volume controls

This is to let you freely decide which volume control items to be displayed.

Advanced controls.

Advanced control is a “ Microphone Boost ” icon.

Once this item is checked, you will find “ advanced ” icon beside “ Front Pink In ” & “ Mic

Volume

. With this, the input signal into

Front Pink In

&

Mic Volume

will be strengthen.

Enable recording multi-streaming

At any given period, you can have maximum 2 streams operating simultaneously.

If you want to use microphone to record, usually the microphone is connected to the MIC jack (the pink one) in the rear panel. You can start recording in this case. If you ’ d like to connect your microphone to the front audio panel. You may control the microphone volume by Mic Volume or front mic-in on the mixer.

MSI Reminds You...

Only the speakers that plugged into the Line-Out jack (the green ne) on the back panel will be functional when you intend to listen to the audio that has been recorded from the microphone.

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MS-7207 M-ATX Mainboard

AudioIO

In this tab, you can easily configure your multi-channel audio function and speakers.

You can choose a desired multi-channel operation here.

a.

Headphone for the common headphone b.

2CH Speaker for Stereo-Speaker Output (default setting) c.

4CH Speaker for 4-Speaker Output d.

6CH Speaker for 5.1-Speaker Output e.

8CH Speaker for 8-Speaker Output

Realtek HD Audio Manager frees you from default speaker settings. Different from before, for each jack, they are not limited to perform certain functions. Instead, now each jack is able to be chosen to perform either output (i.e. playback) function or input (i.e. Recording) function, we call this

Retasking

.

1

Audio I/O aims to help you set jacks right. Moreover, other than blue to blue, pink to pink, the way that you used to do, Audio I/O would guide you to other right jacks that can also serve as microphone / speaker / headphone.

Speaker Configuration

Step 1: Plug in the device in any available jack.

Step 2: Dialogue

“ connected device

will pop up for your selection. Please select the device you are trying to plug in.

If the device is being plugged into the correct jack, you will be able to find the icon beside the jack changed to the one that is same as your device.

If not correct, Realtek HD Audio Manager will guide you to plug the device into the correct jack.

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Introduction to Realtek ALC880

C or rect M essage

Assume to plug a headphone in the Green jack at back panel. The icon beside green jack become visible and the dialogue “ connected device ” pops up.

Check the headphone, then click OK. As soon as OK is clicked, the icon beside green jack becomes “ headphone ” as your selection.

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MS-7207 M-ATX Mainboard

Global Connector Settings

Click to access global connector settings.

1. M ute rear panel when front headphone plugged in

Once this item is checked, whenever front headphone is plugged, the music that is playing from the back panel, will be stopped.

2. Disable front panel jack detection (option)

Find no function on front panel jacks? Please check if front jacks on your system are so-called AC ’ 97 jacks. If so, please check this item to disable front panel jack detection.

3. Enable auto popup dialogue, when device has been plugged in

Once this item checked, the dialog “ Connected device ” , would not automatically pop up when device plugged in.

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Introduction to Realtek ALC880

S/PDIF

Short for Sony/Philips Digital Interface, a standard audio file transfer format. S/

PDIF allows the transfer of digital audio signals from one device to another without having to be converted first to an analog format. Maintaining the viability of a digital signal prevents the quality of the signal from degrading when it is converted to analog.

Output Sampling Rate

44.1KHz: This is recommend while playing CD

48KHz: This is recommended while playing DVD or Dolby.

96KHz: This is recommended while playing DVD-Audio.

Output Source

Output digital audio source: The digital audio format (such as .wav, .mp3,.midi

etc) will come out through S/PDIF-Out.

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MS-7207 M-ATX Mainboard

Test Speakers

You can select the speaker by clicking it to test its functionality. The one you select will light up and make testing sound. If any speaker fails to make sound, then check whether the cable is inserted firmly to the connector or replace the bad speakers with good ones. Or you may click the auto test button to test the sounds of each speaker automatically.

C e n t e r

Front Left

Front Right

Side Rig ht

Subwoo fe r

Side Left

Rear Left

Rear Right

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Introduction to Realtek ALC880

Microphone

In this tab you may set the function of the microphone. Select the Noise

Suppression to remove the possible noise during recording, or select Acoustic

Echo Cancelltion to cancel the acoustic echo druing recording.

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MS-7207 M-ATX Mainboard

3D Audio Demo

In this tab you may adjust your 3D positional audio before playing 3D audio applications like gaming. You may also select different environment to choose the most suitable environment you like.

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Introduction to Realtek ALC880

Information

In this tab it provides some information about this HD Audio Configuration utility, including Audio Driver Version, DirectX Version, Audio Controller & Audio Codec. You may also select the language of this utility by choosing from the Language list.

Also there is a selection Show icon in system tray . Switch it on and an icon will show in the system tray. Right-click on the icon and the Audio Accessories dialogue box will appear which provides several multimedia features for you to take advantage of.

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MS-7207 M-ATX Mainboard

Using 2-, 4-, 6- & 8- Channel Audio Function

Connecting the Speakers

W hen you have set the Multi-Channel Audio Function mode properly in the software utility, connect your speakers to the correct phone jacks in accordance with the setting in software utility.

n 2-Channel M ode for Stereo-Speaker Output

Refer to the following diagram and caption for the function of each phone jack on the back panel when 2-Channel Mode is selected.

Back Panel

2

1

4

5

6 3

1 Line In

2 Line Out (Front channels)

3 MIC

4 Line Out (Rear channels, but no functioning in this mode)

5 Line Out (Center and Subwoofer channel, but no functioning in this mode)

6 Side Surround Out (Side channels, but no functioning in this mode)

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Introduction to Realtek ALC880 n 4-Channel M ode for 4-Speaker Output

2

1

3

4

5

6

4-Channel Analog Audio Output

Description:

Connect two speakers to back panel ’ s Line Out connector and two speakers to the real-channel Line Out connector.

1 Line In

2 Line Out (Front channels)

3 MIC

4 Line Out (Rear channels)

5 Line Out (Center and Subwoofer channel, but no functioning in this mode)

6 Side Surround Out (Side channels, but no functioning in this mode)

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MS-7207 M-ATX Mainboard n 6-Channel M ode for 6-Speaker Output

2

1

4

5

6 3

6-Channel Analog Audio Output

Description:

Connect two speakers to back panel ’ s Line Out connector, two speakers to the rear-channel and two speakers to the center/subwoofer-channel Line Out connectors.

1 Line In

2 Line Out (Front channels)

3 MIC

4 Line Out (Rear channels)

5 Line Out (Center and Subwoofer channel)

6 Side Surround Out (Side channels, but no functioning in this mode)

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Introduction to Realtek ALC880 n 8-Channel M ode for 8-Speaker Output

2

1

4

5

3

6

8-Channel Analog Audio Output

1 Line Out (Side channels)

2 Line Out (Front channels)

3 MIC

4 Line Out (Rear channels)

5 Line Out (Center and Subwoofer channel)

6 Side Surround Out (Side channels)

Description:

Connect two speakers to back panel ’ s Line Out connector, two speakers to the rear-channel, two speakers to the c enter/ subwoofer-channel Line Out connectors, and two speakers to the side-channel Line Out connectors.

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Using the TV-Out Function

Appendix B: Using the TV-Out Function (HDTV-Out Integrated)

You need to install the TV-Out bracket before you can get access to the TV-out function. Follow the procedures described later to set up the TV-Out bracket and configure the display settings. Note that the TV-Out bracket works with the onboard graphic core. Do not insert any VGA card into the slot while using the TV-Out bracket.

B-1

MS-7207 M-ATX Mainboard

Installing the TV-Out Bracket

1. Take out the TV-Out bracket.

TV-Out Bracket

Foolproof design

TV-Out Connector

(RCA Composite)

TV-Out Connector

(S-Video)

2. Locate the TV-out connector (JTV1) on the mainboard.

3. Connect the TV-Out bracket to the connector. Align the foolproof design with the pin layout of the connector to avoid mis-inserting.

4. Place the TV-Out bracket into the first slot of your system case.

MSI Reminds You...

If you intend to use the TV-out function, please note that the TV-Out bracket supports to connect one TV only. Meanwhile you can not connect two TVs to this bracket. Select one type of the TV-out connectors to connect to appropriate TV.

B-2

Using the TV-Out Function

Connecting S-Video/ RCA & HDTV Cables

Connecting S-Video cable

1. Connect one end of the S-Video cable to the TV-Out(S) connector.

S-Video cable

2. Connect the other end of the S-Video cable to the TV.

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MS-7207 M-ATX Mainboard

Connecting RCA cable

1. Connect one end of the RCA cable to the blue connector of the TV-Out cable. The

RCA cable usually comes with three connecotrs on both ends. The white or red connector is for audio while the yellow one is for video.

RCA cable

W hite (Audio)

Red (Audio)

Yellow (Video)

2. Connect the other end of the RCA cable to the TV.

Yellow (Video)

Yellow (Video)

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Using the TV-Out Function

Connecting HDTV cable

1. Connect one end of the HDTV cable to the TV-Out(C) connectors. The HDTV cable usually comes with three connecotrs on both ends.

HDTV cable

Green

Blue

Red

Blue

2. Connect the other end of the HDTV cable to the HDTV.

Red

Green

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MS-7207 M-ATX Mainboard

Display Setup

The following procedures describe display setup using W indows XP. Windows

2000/ME/9X screens are slightly different but the procedures are the same as described.

To enable the TV-Out function, follow this procedure:

1. Restart the computer. After entering the Windows OS, left-click in the window and the screen will pop up a menu. Click Properties .

click here

2. In the Display Properties dialog box, click the Settings tab.

3. Click Advanced to continue.

click here

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Using the TV-Out Function

4. In the nView tab, click Device Settings to set up or change settings related to the output device used for the current display.

click here

5. In the Device Selection tab, first click TV and then Change Format .

click here

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MS-7207 M-ATX Mainboard

6. Select your local TV format.

7. (refer to Step 4) Under Device

Settings , click Device Adjustments . In the Screen Adjustment tab, use the 4-way navigation keys to adjust the screen position.

Click Default to restore the factory setup value.

8. Click OK to exit.

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Key Features

  • AMD Socket 939
  • micro ATX Realtek ALC880 7.1 channels
  • Maximum internal memory: 4 GB

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