Nikon 1 S1 User Manual

Nikon 1 S1 User Manual

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The Shooting Menu

To display the shooting menu, press

G and select Shooting.

G button

The shooting menu contains the following options:

Option Description

Reset shooting options

Reset shooting options to default values.

Choose how the camera sets

Exposure mode

Image quality

shutter speed and aperture in

Motion Snapshot mode

(

0 53).

Choose a file format and compression ratio.

Image size

Number of shots saved

Movie before/ after

File format

Metering

Choose a size for new photos.

Choose the number of shots selected by the Smart Photo

Selector (

0 47).

Choose when the movie portion of Motion Snapshots is

recorded ( 0 53).

Choose a file format for new

Motion Snapshots (

0 53).

Choose how the camera meters exposure.

Default

Scene auto selector

5

1.0 s : 0.6 s

NMS files

Matrix

0

119

119

JPEG normal

120

3872×2592; 10.0 M

120

122

122

123

123

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117

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Option Description

Auto distortion control

Choose whether the camera corrects barrel and pincushion distortion.

Color space

Active

D-Lighting

HDR

Choose a color space for new pictures.

Avoid loss of detail in highlights and shadows.

Enhance detail in highlights and shadows when photographing high-contrast scenes with Backlighting

Long exposure

NR

selected in creative mode.

Reduce noise in long timeexposures.

Optical VR

Adjust settings for 1 NIKKOR lenses with vibration reduction.

Choose whether to use

Electronic VR

Focus mode

vibration reduction in Motion

Snapshot mode (

0 53). This

feature is available even if vibration reduction is not offered by the attached 1

NIKKOR lens.

Choose how the camera focuses.

AF-area mode

Flash compensation

Choose how the focus area is selected.

Face-priority

Turn face priority on or off.

Built-in AF assist

Control the built-in AF-assist illuminator.

Control flash output.

* Varies with lens ( 0 127).

Default

Off sRGB

On

On

Off

Active/On *

On

0

124

125

126

42

127

127

128

See page 129

Auto-area

On

On

0.0

128

133

135

135

136

118

Reset Shooting Options

Select Yes to reset the options in the shooting menu and other

shooting settings to default values (

0 117, 178).

Exposure Mode

The options in the exposure mode menu offer varying degrees of control over shutter speed and aperture in Motion Snapshot

mode (

0 53).

h Scene auto

selector

An automatic, “point-and-shoot” mode in which the camera not only chooses shutter speed and aperture but adjusts other settings to suit the subject (automatic scene selection;

0 25).

The camera sets shutter speed and aperture for optimal

P Programmed

exposure (

0 36). Recommended for snapshots and in

auto

other situations in which there is little time to adjust camera settings.

S Shutterpriority auto

You choose the shutter speed; the camera selects an

aperture for best results (

0 37). Use to freeze or blur

motion.

A Aperturepriority auto

M Manual

You choose the aperture; the camera selects a shutter speed for best results (

0 38). Use to blur the back-

ground or bring both foreground and background into focus.

You control both shutter speed and aperture ( 0 39). Set

shutter speed to “Bulb” for long time-exposures.

A

ISO Sensitivity (P, S, A, and M Modes)

When an “auto” option is selected for ISO sensitivity (

0 147), the cam-

era will automatically adjust sensitivity within the selected range if optimal exposure can not be achieved at the selected shutter speed or aperture. i

119

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Image Quality

Choose a file format and compression ratio for photographs.

Option File type

NEF (RAW)

JPEG fine

JPEG normal

JPEG basic

NEF

JPEG

Description

Compressed 12-bit raw data from the image sensor are saved directly to the memory card. White balance, contrast, and other settings can be adjusted on a computer after shooting.

Record JPEG images at a compression ratio of roughly 1 : 4 (fine quality).

Record JPEG images at a compression ratio of roughly 1 : 8 (normal quality).

Record JPEG images at a compression ratio of roughly 1 : 16 (basic quality).

Image Size

Choose the size of photographs.

Option Size (pixels) Approximate print size at 300 dpi (cm/in.)

*

# 3872×2592; 10.0 M 3872 × 2592

32.8 × 21.9/12.9 × 8.6

$ 2896×1944; 5.6 M 2896 × 1944

% 1936×1296; 2.5 M 1936 × 1296

24.5 × 16.5/ 9.7 × 6.5

16.4 × 11.0/ 6.5×4.3

* Print size in inches equals image size in pixels divided by printer resolution in dots per inch (dpi; 1 inch=approximately 2.54 cm).

120

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NEF (RAW)

The option selected for image size does not affect the size of NEF (RAW) images. NEF (RAW) images can be viewed on the camera or using soft-

ware such as Capture NX 2 (available separately;

0 164) or ViewNX 2

(supplied).

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File Names

Photos and movies are stored as image files with names of the form

“xxx_nnnn.yyy,” where:

xxx is either NMS (Motion Snapshots recorded with NMS files

selected for File format; 0 123) or DSC (photos, MOV-format Motion

Snapshots, and movies, including copies created with Edit movie;

0 114),

nnnn a four-digit number between 0001 and 9999 assigned automatically in ascending order by the camera, and

yyy one of the following three letter extensions: “NEF” for NEF (RAW) images, “JPG” for JPEG images, or “MOV” for movies.

Trimmed copies created with Edit movie (

0 114) have file names

beginning with “DSC”; copies created with the other retouch options in the playback menu have file names beginning with “CSC” (e.g.,

“CSC_0001.JPG”). Images recorded with Adobe RGB selected for Color

space (

0 125) have names that begin with an underscore (e.g.,

“_DSC0001.JPG”).

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Image Quality and Size

Together, image quality and size determine how much space each photograph occupies on the memory card. Larger, higher quality images can be printed at larger sizes but also require more memory, meaning that fewer such images can be stored on the memory card (

0 179).

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121

Number of Shots Saved

Choose the number of shots selected by the Smart Photo Selector. If 5 is selected, the camera will save the best shot and 4 best shot candidates. If 1 is selected, the camera will save only the best shot.

Movie Before/After

Choose whether the movie portions of Motion Snapshots end when the shutter-release button is pressed all the way or about

0.6 s after ( 0 53). If 1.6 s : 0 s is selected, the photograph used

for the Motion Snapshot will feature the last frame of the movie.

Movie footage starts about a second before the shutterrelease button is pressed all the way down and ends about

0.6 s after.

Shutter-release button pressed halfway

Shutter-release button pressed all the way down

1.0 s : 0.6 s

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1.6 s : 0 s

1.0 s 0.6 s

Movie footage

The camera records about 1.6 s of movie footage, ending when the shutter-release button is pressed all the way down.

Shutter-release button pressed halfway

Shutter-release button pressed all the way down

1.6 s

Movie footage

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File Format

Choose the file format for Motion Snapshots (

0 53).

NMS files

Motion Snapshots are recorded as a 4 s MOV file and a JPEG image. Motion Snapshots can only be viewed on the camera or

using ViewNX 2 (

0 93).

MOV file

Motion Snapshots are recorded as a 10 s MOV file that can be viewed in a variety of computer applications. The Motion Snap-

shot is not displayed automatically when shooting ends ( 0 54);

for information on viewing Motion Snapshot movies, see page

65.

Metering

Choose how the camera sets exposure.

L Matrix

N Spot

The camera meters a wide area of the frame and adjusts for contrast (tone distribution), color, composition, and subject distance, producing natural results in most situations.

M

Centerweighted

The camera meters the entire frame but assigns the greatest weight to the center area. This is the classic meter for portraits and is recommended if you are using filters with an exposure factor (filter factor) over 1×.

The camera meters the current focus area; use to meter offcenter subjects (if Auto-area is selected for AF-area mode

as described on page 133, the camera will meter the center

focus area, while during face priority the camera will meter the focus area closest to the center of the selected face;

0 26). Spot metering ensures that the subject will be cor-

rectly exposed, even when framed against a background that is much brighter or darker.

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A

Metering and Shooting Mode

In auto and best moment capture modes and in creative modes other than P, S, A, and M, and when

h Scene auto selector (0 119) is chosen

in Motion Snapshot mode, metering is adjusted automatically according to the scene.

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Auto Distortion Control

Select On to reduce barrel distortion in photos taken with wideangle lenses and to reduce pin-cushion distortion in photos taken with long lenses (note that the edges of photographs may be cropped out, and that there may be an increase in the time needed to process images before they are saved). This option is available only with 1 NIKKOR lenses and not with other NIKKOR

lenses attached using the FT1 mount adapter (

0 198). Results

are not guaranteed with third-party lenses.

Color Space

The color space determines the gamut of colors available for color reproduction. Choose sRGB for photos that will be used

“as is,” with no further modification, Adobe RGB for photos that will be extensively processed or retouched after leaving the camera. Note that regardless of the option selected, sRGB is used for movies and Motion Snapshots and for photos taken during movie recording.

A

Color Space

Color spaces define the correspondence between colors and the numeric values by which they are represented in a digital image file.

The sRGB color space is widely used, while Adobe RGB is typically used in publishing and commercial printing. sRGB is recommended when taking photographs that will be printed without modification or viewed in applications that do not support color management, or when taking photographs that will be printed with ExifPrint, the direct printing option on some household printers, or kiosk printing or other commercial print services. Adobe RGB photographs can also be printed using these options, but colors will not be as vivid.

JPEG photographs taken in the Adobe RGB color space are DCF compliant; applications and printers that support DCF will select the correct color space automatically. If the application or device does not support

DCF, select the appropriate color space manually. For more information, see the documentation provided with the application or device.

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Nikon Software

ViewNX 2 (supplied) and Capture NX 2 (available separately) automatically select the correct color space when opening photographs created with this camera.

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125

Active D-Lighting

Active D-Lighting preserves details in highlights and shadows for natural contrast. Use with high contrast scenes such as a brightly lit outdoor view framed in a door or window or a subjects in the shade on a sunny day. It is most effective when used

with Matrix metering (

0 123).

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Active D-Lighting: Off Active D-Lighting:

Y On

D

Active D-Lighting

Noise (randomly-spaced bright pixels, fog, or lines) may appear in photographs taken with Active D-Lighting. Uneven shading may be visible with some subjects.

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“Active D-Lighting” Versus “D-Lighting”

The Active D-Lighting option in the shooting menu adjusts exposure before shooting to optimize the dynamic range, while the D-Lighting option in the playback menu (

0 111) brightens shadows in images

after shooting.

126

Long Exposure NR

Photographs taken at slow shutter speeds are automatically processed to reduce “noise” (bright spots, randomly-spaced bright pixels, or fog), slightly increasing recording times. Selecting On increases the amount of noise reduction performed at shutter speeds slower than 1 s and increases the time required to record images by roughly 1.5 to 2 times. During processing, a warning will be displayed and pictures can not be taken (if the camera is turned off before processing is complete, the picture will be saved but noise reduction will not be performed). In continuous release mode, frame rates will slow and while photographs are being processed, the capacity of the memory buffer will drop.

Optical VR

This option is available with 1 NIKKOR lenses that support vibration reduction (VR). The options available vary with the type of lens: Normal/Active/Off for lenses that support active vibration reduction and On/Off for other VR lenses. Choose Active, Nor-

mal, or On to reduce the effects of vibration; choose Active when shooting from a moving vehicle or while walking or for other forms of strong camera shake, Normal for the relatively mild camera shake that occurs while standing still.

A

Vibration Reduction

When the camera is panned, vibration reduction applies only to motion that is not part of the pan (if the camera is panned horizontally, for example, vibration reduction will be applied only to vertical shake), making it much easier to pan the camera smoothly in a wide arc. The composition may appear to change after the shutter is released, but this does not indicate a malfunction.

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127

Electronic VR

Select On to enable electronic vibration reduction while recording Motion Snapshots. This feature is available even if the attached 1 NIKKOR lens does not support vibration reduction.

Note that there will be a slight delay before recording begins and that the edges of the image will be cropped out when On is selected.

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Focus Mode

Choose how the camera focuses.

AF-A

Auto-select AF

: The camera automatically selects AF-S if the subject is stationary, AF-C if it is moving.

AF-S

Single AF

: For stationary subjects. Focus locks when the shutterrelease button is pressed halfway.

*

AF-C

Continuous AF

: For subjects in motion. The camera focuses continuously on the subject in the AF-area brackets while the shutter-release button is pressed halfway (note that the AF-area brackets appear only in the detailed display;

0 157). Photos can be taken whether or

not the camera is in focus.

AF-area brackets

AF-F

Full-time AF

: For subjects in motion. The camera focuses continuously; photos can be taken whether or not the camera is in focus.

MF

Manual focus

: Focus manually ( 0 131). Photos can be taken whether

or not the camera is in focus.

* Shutter can only be released if camera is able to focus.

128

A

Focus Mode

The options available vary as shown below.

Shooting

Movies

Menu Focus mode

AF-A (default), AF-S, AF-C, MF

P Programmed auto, S Shutterpriority auto, A Aperture-priority auto, M Manual

y Slow motion

AF-F (default), AF-S, MF

AF-S (default), MF i

129

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Getting Good Results with Autofocus

Autofocus does not perform well under the conditions listed below.

The shutter release may be disabled if the camera is unable to focus under these conditions, or the focus area may be displayed in green and the camera may sound a beep, allowing the shutter to be released even when the subject is not in focus. In these cases, focus manually

(

0 131) or use focus lock (0 134) to focus on another subject at the

same distance, and then recompose the photograph.

There is little or no contrast between the subject and the background.

Example

: The subject is the same color as the background.

The subject contains objects at different distances from the camera.

Example

: The subject is inside a cage.

The subject is dominated by regular geometric patterns.

Example

: Blinds or a row of windows in a skyscraper.

The subject contains areas of sharply contrasting brightness.

Examples

: The subject is half in the shade; a night scene with point illumination.

Background objects appear larger than the subject.

Example

: A building is in the frame behind the subject.

The subject contains many fine details or is made up of objects that are small or lack variation in brightness.

Example

: A field of flowers.

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See Also

See page 158 for information on controlling the beep that sounds

when the camera focuses.

130

Manual Focus

Manual focus can be used when autofocus does not produce the desired results.

1 Select manual focus.

Highlight Manual focus in the focus

mode menu (

0 128) and press 2.

2

Choose a magnification.

To choose the magnification for the manual focus display, highlight 10×

zoom, 5× zoom, or 2× zoom and press J.

3 Display the manual focus guides.

In the shooting display, press J to magnify the view at the center of the frame by the amount selected in

Step 2 (this feature is not available during movie recording or in slowmotion movie mode). Manual focus guides are also displayed.

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131

4 Focus.

Rotate the multi selector until the subject is in focus. Rotate the multi selector clockwise to increase the focus d i s t a n c e , c o u n t e r c l o c k w i s e t o decrease; the faster you rotate the multi selector, the quicker the focus distance changes. The focus indicator shows the approximate focus distance. Press J when the subject is in focus.

Press

1, 3, 4, or 2 to view areas of the frame not currently visible in the display; the visible portion is shown by the navigation window.

Focus indicator

Navigation window

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A

Movies

The multi selector can also be used to choose the focus distance if manual focus is selected prior to movie recording. Rotate the multi selector clockwise to increase the focus distance, counterclockwise to decrease; the faster you rotate the multi selector, the quicker the focus distance changes.

A

Focal Plane Position

To determine the distance between your subject and the camera, measure from the focal plane mark on the camera body. The distance between the lens mounting flange and the focal plane is approximately 17 mm

(0.7 in.).

Approx.

17 mm

Focal plane mark

132

AF-Area Mode

Choose how the focus area for autofocus is selected.

e c

Autoarea

Singlepoint

9

Subject tracking

The camera automatically detects the subject and selects the focus area.

Press J to view the focus area selection display, then use the multi selector to position the focus area over your subject and press

J; the camera focuses on the subject in the selected focus area only. Use with stationary subjects.

Focus area

Press J to view the focus area selection display, then use the multi selector to position the focus area over your subject and press

J. The focus area will track the subject as it moves through the area shown at right. The camera will focus on the selected subject when the shutter-release button is pressed halfway. To end focus tracking when shooting is complete, press

J.

Focus area

Subject tracking area

A

Subject Tracking

The camera may be unable to track subjects if they move quickly, leave the frame or are obscured by other objects, change visibly in size, color, or brightness, or are too small, too large, too bright, too dark, or similar in color or brightness to the background.

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133

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Focus Lock

When Single AF is selected for Focus mode (

0 128), focus lock

can be used to change the composition after focusing on the subject in the center of the frame, allowing you to focus on a subject that will not be in the center of the final composition. If

the camera is unable to focus using autofocus ( 0 130), you can

also focus on another subject at the same distance and then use focus lock to recompose the photograph. Focus lock is most effective when an option other than Auto-area is selected for

AF-area mode ( 0 133).

1 Lock focus.

Position the subject in the center of the frame and press the shutterrelease button halfway to initiate focus. Check that the focus area is displayed in green. Focus will remain locked while the shutter-release button is pressed halfway.

2 Recompose the photograph and shoot.

Focus will remain locked between shots.

134

Do not change the distance between the camera and the subject while focus lock is in effect. If the subject moves, lift your finger from the shutter-release button to end focus lock and then focus again at the new distance.

Face-Priority

Choose On to enable face priority (

0 26).

Built-in AF Assist

When On is selected, the built-in AFassist illuminator will light to illuminate poorly-lit subjects if:

• AF-S is selected for focus mode (

0 128)

or single AF is selected in AF-A, and

• Auto-area or Single-point is selected for AF-area mode (

0 133).

AF-assist illuminator

The AF-assist illuminator will not light to assist the focus operation in advanced movie mode, during movie recording, or when

Off is selected. If the AF-assist illuminator does not light, autofocus may not produce the desired results when lighting is poor.

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The AF-Assist Illuminator

Larger lenses may prevent the illuminator lighting all or part of the subject. Remove lens hoods when using the illuminator. Information on

the modes in which AF-assist is available may be found on page 174.

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135

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Flash Compensation

Flash compensation alters flash output from the level suggested by the camera, changing the brightness of the main subject relative to the background. Choose from values between –3 EV (darker) and

+1 EV (brighter) in increments of

1

/

3

EV; in general, positive values make the subject brighter while negative values make it darker.

A

Y

icon is displayed when flash compensation is in effect. Normal flash output can be restored by setting flash compensation to ±0. Flash compensation is not reset when the camera is turned off.

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