Proficy* Historian - GE Intelligent Platforms: Support Home

Proficy* Historian - GE Intelligent Platforms: Support Home

Proficy Historian Getting Started Guide

Effective Use of Store and Forward in an iFIX Network

Historian Alarm and Event Archiving

Historian's Alarm and Event (A&E) archiving offers the ability to collect A&E data from any OPC-compliant

A&E server and store it in an integrated relational database (SQL Server Express). Historian Alarm and Event data is associated with the related process data from its source to allow for quick analysis.

For more information, refer to Historian Alarms and Events.

Setting up the Historian Environment

Before you start setting up your Historian environment, identify the computers that will function as your clients, data collectors, administration workstations, and archiver. The following sections outline the setup procedures in detail.

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Getting Started with Historian

Task Overview

When you are ready to set up your Historian environment, use the following procedure:

1. Set up each computer.

Use the section Hardware Requirements as a guide, and refer to the user manual that accompanies each computer for detailed setup information.

2. Use a login account with administrator rights so that you can install Historian later.

NOTES:

Historian installer will automatically detect and install 32-bit or 64-bit Historian 5.5 Server

based on a system architecture.

Use the section Software Requirements as a guide, and refer to the user manual that accompanies each software product for more detailed setup information.

3. Install the Hardware Key on your Historian Server node only.

Refer to the section Installing the Hardware Key for instructions on attaching the key to your computer.

4. Disable the Guest account in Windows security if you want to limit authentication to known Windows users only.

Hardware Requirements

For Historian Servers, the minimum hardware requirements are:

• A 2.4 GHz clock speed Intel Core i3 or i5 or i7 CPU or equivalent AMD Phenom CPU with 4 GB

RAM for a 32-bit Historian Server and 4 GB RAM for a 64-bit Historian Server.

• A DVD-ROM drive.

• 100 Mbps TCP/IP-compatible network interface adapter for network communication and certain I/O drivers.

• 80 GB free hard drive space for the data archives, message files, buffer files, and log files used by the system.

For Data Collector nodes, the recommended minimum hardware requirements are:

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Proficy Historian Getting Started Guide

A 2.0 GHz clock speed Intel Core i3 or i5 or i7 CPU or equivalent AMD Phenom CPU with 2 GB

RAM.

40 GB of free hard drive space to store buffered data.

A DVD-ROM drive.

TCP/IP-compatible network interface adapter for network communication and certain I/O drivers.

For the Microsoft Cluster service, the minimum hardware requirements are:

A 2.6 GHz clock speed Intel Core i3 or i5 or i7 or Xeon or equivalent AMD Opteron CPU with minimum 8 GB RAM.

Two 100Mbit TCP/IP-compatible network interface adapters for network communication and certain

I/O drivers (one for public network, another for private network).

40 GB shared SCSI hard drive (RAID preferred).

80 GB of local free hard drive space.

NOTE: The configuration of each server added to the cluster must be identical to the other servers in the cluster.

You determine the size of an Historian Server as a function of the number of tags from which data is collected, the rate of alarm and event collection, and how often you intend to collect the data and how much data you want to keep online. The number of tags is an indicator of the number of concurrent users likely to access the system.

The primary factor is server memory requirements; CPU load is a secondary factor. If the number of concurrent users is significantly different from the suggested guidelines, adjust server memory size accordingly.

Use the following parameters to determine the size of the Historian Server.

RAM (GB) 4 GB

Recommended Historian Server Configurations*

100K Million

1

Million to 2

Million

2 Million to 10

Million

4 GB

32GB

64 GB

10 Million to 20

Million

128GB 256GB

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Getting Started with Historian

Disk Size required

Processor Type

80 GB 160

GB

Intel Core-i5, i7 family, or equivalent

1 TB 4 TB

10TB 15TB

Intel Xeon (56xx, E5 family or AMD Opteron

42xx/62xx family)

Intel Xeon

( 56xx, E5 family or

AMD

Opteron

42xx/62xx family)

Intel Xeon

( 56xx, E5 family or

AMD

Opteron

42xx/62xx family)

CPU Speed

(GHz)

Recommended

CPU clock in

Giga Hz

Operating

System

2.8

Windows 7 (32bit) or Windows

Server 2008 (32bit)

2.6

2.8 2.6

Windows Server 2008

R2/Windows 2012 standard (64-bit)

2-socket or

4-socket

2.6 2.6

2.6 2.

Windows

Server 2008

R2/Windows

2012 standard

(64-bit)

2-socket or

4-socket

Windows

Server 2008

R2/Windows

2012 standard

(64-bit)

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Proficy Historian Getting Started Guide

Storage Type Internal SATA

Drives

Direct attached or shared storage with SAS enterprise class drives.

Hardware RAID controller with cache memory

High speed shared storage with SAS or SSD drive types.

Hardware

RAID controller with cache memory

High speed shared storage with SAS or SSD drive types.

Years of data online

1 year

*Above recommended configurations may vary based on years of data online, update rate, data compression setting, and other tag configuration parameters.

NOTES:

1. Proficy Historian Server can run on both 32-bit and 64-bit versions of Windows.

2. Sustained event rate is 18 million per minute.*

3. Proficy Historian supports Intel Core i3, i5, i7 Duo based processors as long as they are compatible with the operating system.

4. Proficy Historian does not support Itanium processors.

Example System for Sustained Event Rate

Size Large Size Server

Intel Xeon 5540 Intel Xeon E5-2670 or E5-4650 Processor Type

CPU Dual socket or quad-socket

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Getting Started with Historian

CPU Speed (GHz)

RAM (GB)

2.5

64

2.7

256

NOTE: The system performance may vary depending on the hardware specifications, operating system, and tuning parameters. The above hardware specifications are provided as a reference only.*

Recommended Historian Collector Configurations:

RAM (GB)

Disk Size required

Historian 5.5 Collectors

Operating System

Recommended Historian Collector Configurations*

2 GB*

40 GB

32-bit

Windows 7 (32-bit) or Windows 7 (64-bit)**

*Historian 5.5 Collectors may use up to 4 GB RAM in a 64-bit Windows operating system.

**Historian 5.5 Collectors work as 32-bit applications on a 64-bit Windows operating systems using WoW64 mode

(Windows-on-Windows 64-bit). However, you can read and write data from a 64-bit Historian Server.

NOTES:

1. RAM and Disk Size required may vary based on the collectors available on the system.

2. Recommended number of tags per collector is 20 to 30K.

For iFIX systems, count each Node.Tag.Field (NTF) as a separate tag when you determine the size of the system. For example, FIX.FIC101.F_CV and FIX.FIC101.B_CUALM (current alarm) both count as tags, even though they are derived from the same iFIX tag.

Use the following parameters to determine the size of the Historian Alarm and Event archiver.

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Proficy Historian Getting Started Guide

Alarm & Event Rate

1 / minute

1 / second

10 / second

100 / second

RAM

1 GB

2 GB

2 GB

4 GB

CPU

Single

Single

Single

Double

You must have disk storage capacity in the multi-GB range for the many data archive files (typically 500 MB each) and alarms you will generate, especially if you want to keep old data online.

NOTE: As more applications run simultaneously on a server, performance decreases. Whenever possible, run additional applications on separate computers.

Hardware Requirements - Proficy Historian on Windows XP Embedded

The minimum Historian software requirements are:

A minimum Atom-based 1.6 GHz computer or equivalent.

A minimum of 1 GB RAM.

A minimum of 1 GB of free hard drive space (for an upgrade). For a new installation, a minimum of 5

GB of free hard drive space is required.

Other GE Intelligent products, such as Proficy iFIX, impose additional requirements. Refer to the

Important Product Information (IPI) topic in the product's electronic books for specific system requirements. Click the System Req. tab in that product's IPI for details.

TCP/IP-compatible network interface adapter for network communication and certain I/O drivers. One free, direct-connect USB port. Some touch screens, pointing devices, and I/O drivers require a serial port. Additional ports for I/O hardware should be ordered with the computer.

SVGA or better color graphics monitor and a 100% IBM-compatible, 24-bit graphics card capable of

800x600 resolution and at least 16 million (16,777,216) colors.

Two-button mouse or compatible pointing device (such as a touch screen).

NOTE: There are risks associated with using a Compact Flash or a similar device as a Primary drive in the Windows XP Embedded environment with the Proficy Historian product and your production data.

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Getting Started with Historian

These types of devices have a lifetime associated with them regarding the number of writes the device is capable of over a lifetime. As such, storing production data on such a device may result in lost data, over the long term. If the system has a physical drive, and not a Compact Flash or a similar device, the production data is affected by this risk.

Recommended Historian Server Configurations* on Windows XP Embedded

Tags <100K

RAM (GB) 2 GB

Disk Size required

Historian 5.5 Server

Processor Type

80 GB

32-bit

Xeon, or Intel Core-i5, i7 family, or equivalent

CPU Speed (Ghz)

Storage Type

2.8

Internal SATA Drives

Years of data online 1 year

*Above recommended configurations may vary based on years of data online, update rate, data compression setting and other tag configuration parameters.

Software Requirements

The minimum Historian software requirements are:

One of the following operating systems, with latest service packs or revisions: o

Windows XP Professional SP3 (32-bit or 64-bit)

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Proficy Historian Getting Started Guide

• o

Windows XP Embedded (32-bit) o

Microsoft® Windows® 7 Professional (32-bit or 64-bit) o

Microsoft® Windows® 8 Professional (32-bit or 64-bit) o

Microsoft® Windows® Vista Professional (32-bit or 64-bit) o

Microsoft® Windows® Server 2003 (32-bit or 64-bit) o

Microsoft® Windows® Server 2003 R2 o

Microsoft® Windows® Server 2008 R2 ( 64-bit) o

Microsoft® Windows® Server 2008 R2 o

Microsoft® Windows® Server 2012 Standard (64-bit)

NOTES:

Historian 5.5 32-bit components such as Collectors, Excel Add-in 32-bit, Interactive SQL 32-

bit, APIs, and Non-Web Administrator, work as 32-bit application on 64-bit Windows operating systems using WoW64 mode (Windows-on-Windows 64-bit). However, you can read and write data from a 64-bit Historian Server.

If you are going to use Proficy Historian 5.5 on Windows Server 2008 (32-bit or 64-bit) or

Windows Server 2008 R2 you must go for a Full Installation not Core Installation of

Windows.

SQL must use mixed mode authentication.

The collation for your Alarm and Event database needs to match the collation of your SQL

Server. This happens automatically by default but can become different if the Alarm and

Event Database is moved to another SQL Server.

Network interface software for network communication. The TCP/IP network protocol is required.

One of the following 32-bit or 64-bit SQL Server systems to configure alarm and event archiving: o o

Microsoft SQL Server 2008 Standard, Professional, R2 or Enterprise Edition

Microsoft SQL Server 2008 Express

One of the following 32-bit or 64-bit versions of SQL Server to use Historian as a linked server: o Microsoft SQL Server 2008 Standard, Professional, or Enterprise Edition o Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Standard SP2, Professional SP2, or Enterprise Edition SP2 o Microsoft SQL Server 2008 Express

The Historian Excel Add-In requires installation of Microsoft Office 2003, or Microsoft Office 2007, or Microsoft Office 2010 (32-bit/64-bit).

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Getting Started with Historian

Compatibility with other Proficy Products

Several GE Intelligent Platform products work with Proficy Historian. The following is a general set of required versions to work with Historian 5.5 on the same computer.

IMPORTANT: If you want to enable the new Strict Authentication feature in Proficy Historian 5.5, be aware that you will need to apply the latest SIMs that support this feature for all Proficy clients that connect to the

Archiver, including the ones listed in this table. In addition, there may be SIMS to allow pre-5.0 collectors and client applications such as Excel Add-In to connect. Refer to the SIM download page for update for Historian and other Proficy products.

Proficy Portal 3.5, 3.5 SPI1.

Machine Edition View

7.5, 7.0

Plant Apps 6.1, 5.0, 4.1.**

Proficy Workflow 2.1, 2.0.

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Proficy Historian Getting Started Guide

Proficy Smart Signal

5.5

Proficy CSense 5.5

* For customers using iFIX, there was a change in the HKEY_CURRENT_USER registry values for WebSpace and it will no longer work with the existing sim. Ensure that you get the latest iFIX sims. The following article provides additional instructions: http://support.ge-ip.com/support/index?page=kbchannel&id=S:KB15129

* For customers using iFIX 5.1 and 5.0 with Historian 5.5, there is a change in the registry entry that has to be updated. The following article provides additional instructions: http://support.ge-ip.com/support/index?page=kbchannel&id=S:KB13651

** For Plant Apps customers using the Historian Type = GE Proficy - Historian 3.0 to connect to Proficy

Historian 5.5, both the Enabled and Disabled options for Enforce Strict Client Authentication selection are supported.

** For Plant Apps customers using the Historian Type = GE Proficy - Historian to connect to Proficy Historian

5.5, only the Disabled option for Enforce Strict Client Authentication selection is supported.

In Historian 5.0, the Historian HKEY_CURRENT_USER registry key values were changed. The programs accessing the server collection through the SDK are unaffected. Any program or script that directly accesses the registry keys or any Terminal Server login scripts that try to configure a list of servers by importing registry keys directly will no longer work. Such programs need to access the server collection via SDK calls, not directly.

Supported Regional Settings

Historian supports the following regional settings available in the Windows Control Panel:

Decimal symbol - one character

Digit grouping symbol

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Getting Started with Historian

List separator - one character

Time style

Time separator

Short date style

Date separator

Time and Date Formatting

Avoid changing the time style or short date style in regional settings to values that are outside of the standard styles provided. Changing these values to non-standard styles may result in improperly formatted times and dates.

Historian supports the following short date formats, some of which may not be available in certain language versions of Windows:

• dd/mm/yy dd/yy/mm mm/dd/yy mm/yy/dd yy/dd/mm yy/mm/dd

Supported Data Types

The following table lists the supported Historian data types and their sizes:

Data Type

Single Float

Double Float

Size

4 bytes

8 bytes

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Proficy Historian Getting Started Guide

Single Integer

Double Integer

2 bytes

4 bytes

Quad Integer 8 bytes

Unsigned Quad

Integer

8 bytes

Unsigned Single

Integer

2 bytes

Unsigned

Double Integer

4 bytes

Fixed String

Variable String

Binary Object

Configured by user.

No fixed size.

No fixed size.

Historian does not support the use of the Binary Object data type with the Data

Collectors. Refer to the SDK online Help for more information on working with

BLOB data types.

The Hardware Key

You are required to use a hardware key to run Historian Server. The hardware key:

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Getting Started with Historian

Enables software options available to your installation, as requested by you.

Can be electronically reprogrammed using an upgrade utility, as requested by you. Consequently, you are no longer required to exchange hardware keys for version updates or option changes.

Protects against illegal duplication of Historian software.

Additionally, two hardware keys are offered: one that supports parallel port configurations, and one that supports USB port configurations.

Historian runs in demo mode (one user, 100 tags) if the key is not installed.

NOTE: File the packing slip that came with the hardware key in a safe place. The codes on this slip are necessary to quickly duplicate the key in case it is damaged or misplaced.

Installing the Hardware Key

To install the hardware key:

1. Power off the computer and all peripheral devices prior to installing the hardware key; it is sensitive to static electricity.

2. Remove any connections to your computer's parallel port.

3. Secure the hardware key in the parallel port and tighten the screws.

IMPORTANT: Do not remove the hardware key from your node while Historian Server is running. If you do remove the key while running, the server will shut down when the next key check is performed, which occurs every two hours. When no key is attached, Historian defaults to demo mode. When you exceed the demo mode defaults of one user connection and 100 tags, the Historian Data Archiver stops; this is intended licensing behavior.

4. If you had any equipment connected to your parallel port, connect it to the back of the hardware key. If you are using a USB port for the hardware key, you cannot plug any other equipment into the port. Use another port for any additional equipment connections you may need.

The number of tags and clients that you are licensed to use appears in the System Statistics screen of the

Historian Administrator. If the Licensed Tags field displays 100 tags and the Licensed Users field displays 1 client, ensure that you have correctly installed your hardware key.

Disabling Guest Accounts

Whether or not you use Historian security, make sure that you disable Guest accounts on your computer. It is recommended that you disable Guest accounts so that Historian operates in the most secure environment,

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Proficy Historian Getting Started Guide

limiting the users to known Windows users.

Optimizing Virtual Memory

Through the use of paging files, Windows allocates space on your hard drive for use as if it were actually memory. This space is known as virtual memory. Be sure to optimize the virtual memory on the Historian archiver computer. The following list describes how to optimize virtual memory in Windows to achieve maximum performance from Historian.

To optimize the virtual memory paging file for Historian in Windows:

1. Double-click the System icon in the Windows Control Panel.

2. Open the Performance Options:

On Windows XP or Server 2003; click the Advanced tab, under Performance, click Settings. In the Performance Options dialog box, click the Advanced Tab.

On Windows Vista, Windows 7, or Windows Server 2008; click Advanced System Settings In the left pane. On the Advanced tab, under Performance, click Settings. In the Performance

Options dialog box, click the Advanced Tab.

3. In the Virtual Memory group box, select Change.

4. In the Initial Size field, enter a value equal to three times your physical memory.

5. In the Maximum Size field, enter a value equal to three times your physical memory.

6. Select Set.

7. Click OK to save the changes and exit the dialog box.

NOTE: If the paging file is set to grow dynamically, your system may experience severe performance problems during run time. To ensure optimal performance, be sure that the Initial Size and Maximum Size of the paging file are the same so that the paging file does not grow dynamically. For more information on creation and sizing of Windows paging files, refer to the Microsoft Windows Help.

Using a Remote SQL Server to Store Alarms

If you have chosen to connect Historian to a remote SQL Server, you must ensure the following conditions are met:

The Historian Alarm Archiver service must be run on a user account that has privileges to log into the

SQL Server using Windows Authentication.

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