Nikon COOLPIX P530 Camera User Guide | Focusing
The focus area varies depending on the shooting mode.
Using the Target Finding AF
In A (auto) mode, or when AF area mode (
A69) in j, k, l, m or M mode is set to Target finding AF, the camera focuses in the manner described below when you press the shutter-release button halfway.
• The camera detects the main subject and focuses on it. When the subject is in focus, the focus area glows green.
If a human face is detected, the camera automatically sets focus priority on it.
• If no main subject is detected, the camera automatically selects one or more of the 9 focus areas containing the subject closest to the camera. When the subject is in focus, the focus areas that are in focus glow green.
Notes About Target Finding AF
• Depending on shooting conditions, the subject that the camera determines to be the main subject may vary.
• The main subject may not be detected when using certain White balance or
Picture Control settings.
• The camera may not detect the main subject appropriately in the following situations:
- When the subject is very dark or bright
- When the main subject lacks clearly defined colors
- When the shot is framed so that the main subject is on the edge of the monitor
- When the main subject is composed of a repeating pattern
Using Face Detection
In the following settings, the camera uses face detection to automatically focus on human faces.
s (night portrait), Scene auto selector or
Portrait scene mode (
• a (smile timer) (
• When AF area mode (
A69) is set to Face
If the camera detects more than one face, a double border is displayed around the face that the camera focuses on, and single borders are displayed around the other faces.
If the shutter-release button is pressed halfway when no faces are detected:
• When Scene auto selector is selected, the focus area changes depending on the scene.
• In s (night portrait) and Portrait, the camera focuses on the area in the center of the frame.
• When a (smile timer) is selected, the camera focuses on the subject in the center of the frame.
• When AF area mode is set to Face priority, the camera selects the focus area containing the subject closest to the camera.
Notes About Face Detection
• The camera’s ability to detect faces depends on a variety of factors, including the direction in which the faces are looking.
• The camera may be unable to detect faces in the following situations:
- When faces are partially hidden by sunglasses or otherwise obstructed
- When faces take up too much or too little of the frame
Viewing Images Taken Using Face Detection
During playback, the camera automatically rotates images according to the orientation of the faces that were detected at the time of shooting (except for images taken using Continuous (
A69) or Exposure bracketing (A69)).
Using Skin Softening
When the shutter is released while using one of the shooting modes listed below, the camera detects human faces and processes the image to soften facial skin tones (up to 3 faces).
s (night portrait), Scene auto selector or Portrait scene mode (A36)
Skin softening can also be applied to saved images (
Notes About Skin Softening
• It may take more time than usual to save images after shooting.
• Under some shooting conditions, the desired skin softening results may not be achieved, and skin softening may be applied to areas of the image where there are no faces.
Subjects Not Suitable for Autofocus
The camera may not focus as expected in the following situations. In some rare cases, the subject may not be in focus despite the fact that the focus area or focus indicator glows green:
• Subject is very dark
• Objects of sharply differing brightness are included in the scene (e.g. the sun behind the subject makes that subject appear very dark)
• No contrast between the subject and surroundings (e.g. a portrait subject wearing a white shirt is standing in front of a white wall)
• Several objects are at different distances from the camera (e.g. the subject is inside a cage)
• Subjects with repeating patterns (window blinds, buildings with multiple rows of similarly shaped windows, etc.)
• Subject is moving rapidly
In the situations noted above, try pressing the shutter-release button halfway to refocus several times, or focus on another subject positioned at the same distance from the camera as the actual desired subject, and use focus lock
The camera can also focus using manual focus (
Use focus lock to capture creative compositions even when the focus area is set to the center of the frame.
Position the subject in the center of the frame and press the shutter-release button halfway.
• Confirm that the focus area glows green.
• Focus and exposure are locked.
Without lifting your finger, recompose the picture.
• Make sure to maintain the same distance between the camera and the subject.
Press the shutter-release button the rest of the way down to take the picture.
Moving the Focus Area to the Desired Position
In j, k, l or m shooting mode, the focus area can be moved using the multi selector by setting AF area mode in the shooting menu (
A69) to one of the manual options.
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