Contents. Fujitsu MHW2160BH

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Contents. Fujitsu MHW2160BH | Manualzz

Contents

CHAPTER 1 Device Overview ....................................................................... 1-1

1.1 Features .............................................................................................................. 1-2

1.1.1 Functions and performance ..................................................................... 1-2

1.1.2 Adaptability............................................................................................. 1-2

1.1.3 Interface................................................................................................... 1-3

1.2 Device Specifications ......................................................................................... 1-4

1.2.1 Specifications summary .......................................................................... 1-4

1.2.2 Model and product number ..................................................................... 1-5

1.3 Power Requirements .......................................................................................... 1-6

1.4 Environmental Specifications............................................................................. 1-9

1.5 Acoustic Noise ................................................................................................. 1-10

1.6 Shock and Vibration......................................................................................... 1-10

1.7 Reliability ......................................................................................................... 1-11

1.8 Error Rate ......................................................................................................... 1-12

1.9 Media Defects .................................................................................................. 1-12

1.10 Load/Unload Function.................................................................................... 1-12

1.10.1 Recommended power-off sequence ................................................... 1-13

1.11 Advanced Power Management (APM) .......................................................... 1-13

1.12 Interface Power Management (IPM) ............................................................. 1-15

1.12.1 Host-initiated interface power management (HIPM) ......................... 1-15

1.12.2 Device-initiated interface power management (DIPM) ..................... 1-15

CHAPTER 2 Device Configuration................................................................ 2-1

2.1 Device Configuration ........................................................................................ 2-2

C141-E245 ix

Contents

2.2 System Configuration ........................................................................................2-3

2.2.1

SATA interface .....................................................................................2-3

2.2.2

Drive connection ...................................................................................2-3

CHAPTER 3 Installation Conditions.............................................................. 3-1

3.1 Dimensions ........................................................................................................3-2

3.2 Mounting ...........................................................................................................3-3

3.3 Connections with Host System..........................................................................3-9

3.3.1

Device connector...................................................................................3-9

3.3.2

Signal segment and power supply segment.........................................3-10

3.3.3

Connector specifications for host system............................................3-10

3.3.4

SATA interface cable connection .......................................................3-11

3.3.5

Note about SATA interface cable connection .....................................3-11

CHAPTER 4 Theory of Device Operation...................................................... 4-1

4.1 Outline ................................................................................................................4-2

4.2 Subassemblies.....................................................................................................4-2

4.2.1 Disk .........................................................................................................4-2

4.2.2 Spindle.....................................................................................................4-2

4.2.3 Actuator ...................................................................................................4-2

4.2.4 Air filter ...................................................................................................4-3

4.3 Circuit Configuration..........................................................................................4-3

4.4 Power-on Sequence ............................................................................................4-6

4.5 Self-calibration ...................................................................................................4-8

4.5.1 Self-calibration contents ..........................................................................4-8

4.5.2 Execution timing of self-calibration ........................................................4-9

4.5.3 Command processing during self-calibration ..........................................4-9

4.6 Read/write Circuit ............................................................................................4-10

4.6.1 Read/write preamplifier (PreAMP) .......................................................4-10

4.6.2 Write circuit...........................................................................................4-10

4.6.3 Read circuit............................................................................................4-11 x C141-E245

Contents

4.6.4 Digital PLL circuit ................................................................................ 4-12

4.7 Servo Control ................................................................................................... 4-13

4.7.1 Servo control circuit .............................................................................. 4-13

4.7.2 Data-surface servo format ..................................................................... 4-15

4.7.3 Servo frame format................................................................................ 4-17

4.7.4 Actuator motor control .......................................................................... 4-18

4.7.5 Spindle motor control............................................................................ 4-19

CHAPTER 5 Interface..................................................................................... 5-1

5.1 Physical Interface .............................................................................................. 5-2

5.1.1

Interface signals .................................................................................... 5-2

5.1.2

Signal interface regulation .................................................................... 5-4

5.1.2.1

Out of band signaling ................................................................. 5-4

5.1.2.2

Primitives descriptions ............................................................. 5-5

5.1.3

Electrical specifications ........................................................................ 5-7

5.1.4

Connector pinouts ............................................................................... 5-10

5.1.5

P11 function ........................................................................................ 5-11

5.1.5.1

Staggered Spin-up .................................................................... 5-11

5.1.5.2

Driving Activity LED .............................................................. 5-11

5.1.6

Hot Plug .............................................................................................. 5-13

5.2 Logical Interface ............................................................................................. 5-14

5.2.1

Communication layers ........................................................................ 5-15

5.2.2

Outline of the Shadow Block Register................................................ 5-16

5.2.3

Outline of the frame information structure (FIS) ................................ 5-17

5.2.3.1

FIS types .................................................................................. 5-17

5.2.3.2

Register - Host to Device ......................................................... 5-17

5.2.3.3

Register - Device to Host ......................................................... 5-18

5.2.3.4

DMA Active - Device to Host.................................................. 5-18

5.2.3.5

DMA Setup - Device to Host or Host to Device

(Bidirectional) .......................................................................... 5-19

5.2.3.6

BIST Active - Bidirectional ..................................................... 5-20

5.2.3.7

Data - Host to Device or Device to Host (Bidirectional) ......... 5-21

5.2.3.8

PIO Setup – Device to Host ..................................................... 5-21

5.2.3.9

Set Device Bits – Device to Host ............................................. 5-23

C141-E245 xi

Contents

5.2.4

Shadow block registers .......................................................................5-24

5.3 Host Commands ..............................................................................................5-29

5.3.1

Command code and parameters ..........................................................5-29

5.3.2

Command descriptions ........................................................................5-32

(1) RECALIBRATE (X’10’ to X’1F’)................................................ 5-33

(2) READ SECTOR(S) (X’20’ or X’21’) ......................................... 5-34

(3) WRITE SECTOR(S) (X’30’ or X’31’) ........................................ 5-36

(4) WRITE VERIFY (X’3C’) ............................................................ 5-38

(5) READ VERIFY SECTOR(S) (X’40’ or X’41’)........................... 5-40

(6) SEEK (X’70’ to X’7F’) ................................................................. 5-42

(7) EXECUTE DEVICE DIAGNOSTIC (X’90’)............................... 5-43

(8) INITIALIZE DEVICE PARAMETERS (X’91’) .......................... 5-44

(9) DOWNLOAD MICROCODE (X’92’).......................................... 5-45

(10) STANDBY IMMEDIATE (X’94’ or X’E0’) ................................ 5-47

(11) IDLE IMMEDIATE (X’95’ or X’E1’) /UNLOAD

IMMEDIATE (X’95’ or X’E1’).................................................... 5-48

(12) STANDBY (X’96’ or X’E2’)........................................................ 5-50

(13) IDLE (X’97’ or X’E3’) ................................................................. 5-51

(14) CHECK POWER MODE (X’98’ or X’E5’) ................................. 5-53

(15) SLEEP (X’99’ or X’E6’).............................................................. 5-54

(16) SMART (X’B0’) ........................................................................... 5-55

(17) DEVICE CONFIGURATION (X'B1') .......................................... 5-85

(18) READ MULTIPLE (X’C4’).......................................................... 5-90

(19) WRITE MULTIPLE (X’C5’) ........................................................ 5-93

(20) SET MULTIPLE MODE (X’C6’)................................................. 5-95

(21) READ DMA (X’C8’ or X’C9’)..................................................... 5-97

(22) WRITE DMA (X’CA’ or X’CB’) ................................................. 5-99

(23) READ BUFFER (X’E4’)............................................................. 5-101

(24) FLUSH CACHE (X’E7’) ........................................................... 5-102

(25) WRITE BUFFER (X’E8’)........................................................... 5-103

(26) IDENTIFY DEVICE (X’EC’)..................................................... 5-104

(27) IDENTIFY DEVICE DMA (X’EE’).......................................... 5-105

(28) SET FEATURES (X’EF’) ........................................................... 5-119

(29) SECURITY SET PASSWORD (X’F1’) ..................................... 5-126

(30) SECURITY UNLOCK(X’F2’).................................................... 5-128

(31) SECURITY ERASE PREPARE (X’F3’) .................................... 5-130 xii C141-E245

Contents

(32) SECURITY ERASE UNIT (X’F4’)............................................ 5-131

(33) SECURITY FREEZE LOCK (X’F5’) ........................................ 5-132

(34) SECURITY DISABLE PASSWORD (X’F6’) ........................... 5-134

(35) READ NATIVE MAX ADDRESS (X’F8’) ............................... 5-136

(36) SET MAX (X’F9’) ...................................................................... 5-137

(37) READ SECTOR (S) EXT (X’24’) .............................................. 5-143

(38) READ DMA EXT (X’25’).......................................................... 5-144

(39) READ NATIVE MAX ADDRESS EXT (X’27’)....................... 5-145

(40) READ MULTIPLE EXT (X’29’) ............................................... 5-146

(41) READ LOG EXT (X'2F') ............................................................ 5-147

(42) WRITE SECTOR (S) EXT (X’34’) ............................................ 5-153

(43) WRITE DMA EXT (X’35’) ........................................................ 5-154

(44) SET MAX ADDRESS EXT (X’37’) .......................................... 5-155

(45) WRITE MULTIPLE EXT (X’39’).............................................. 5-157

(46) WRITE LOG EXT (X'3F') .......................................................... 5-158

(47) READ VERIFY SECTOR (S) EXT (X’42’).............................. 5-162

(48) FLUSH CACHE EXT (X’EA’) ................................................. 5-163

(49) WRITE MULTIPLE FUA EXT (X'CE')..................................... 5-164

(50) WRITE DMA FUA EXT (X'3D') ............................................... 5-165

(51) READ FP DMA QUEUED (X'60') ............................................. 5-166

(52) WRITE FP DMA QUEUED (X'61') ........................................... 5-167

5.3.3

Error posting ..................................................................................... 5-168

5.4 Command Protocol........................................................................................ 5-170

5.4.1

Non-data command protocol............................................................. 5-170

5.4.2

PIO data-in command protocol ......................................................... 5-172

5.4.3

PIO data-out command protocol ....................................................... 5-173

5.4.4

DMA data-in command protocol ...................................................... 5-175

5.4.5

DMA data-out command protocol .................................................... 5-176

5.4.6

Native Command Queuing protocol ................................................. 5-177

5.5 Power-on and COMRESET .......................................................................... 5-180

CHAPTER 6 Operations................................................................................. 6-1

6.1 Reset and Diagnosis .......................................................................................... 6-2

6.1.1

Response to power-on........................................................................... 6-2

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Contents

6.1.2

Response to COMRESET .....................................................................6-4

6.1.2.1

Software settings preservation....................................................6-5

6.1.2.2

COMRESET preservation requirements ....................................6-5

6.1.3

Response to a software reset .................................................................6-7

6.2 Power Save ........................................................................................................6-8

6.2.1

Power save mode...................................................................................6-8

6.2.2

Power commands ................................................................................6-10

6.3 Power Save Controlled by Interface Power Management (IPM) ....................6-11

6.3.1

Power save mode of the interface........................................................6-11

6.4 Read-ahead Cache ...........................................................................................6-13

6.4.1

Data buffer structure............................................................................6-13

6.4.2

Caching operation ...............................................................................6-14

6.4.3

Using the read segment buffer ............................................................6-16

6.4.3.1

Miss-hit.....................................................................................6-16

6.4.3.2

Sequential hit............................................................................6-17

6.4.3.3

Full hit ......................................................................................6-17

6.4.3.4

Partial hit ..................................................................................6-19

6.5 Write Cache .....................................................................................................6-20

6.5.1

Cache operation...................................................................................6-20

Glossary ........................................................................................................... GL-1

Acronyms and Abbreviations .........................................................................AB-1

Index ................................................................................................................. IN-1

xiv C141-E245

Contents

Illustrations

Figures

Figure 1.1 Permissible range of +5V rise slope..................................................... 1-6

Figure 1.2 The example of negative voltage waveform at +5 V when power is turned off ............................................................................. 1-7

Figure 1.3 Current fluctuation (Typ.) at +5 V when power is turned on ............... 1-9

Figure 2.1 Disk drive outerview ............................................................................ 2-2

Figure 2.2 Drive system configuration .................................................................. 2-3

Figure 3.1 Dimensions........................................................................................... 3-2

Figure 3.2 Mounting frame structure ..................................................................... 3-4

Figure 3.3 Location of breather ............................................................................. 3-5

Figure 3.4 Surface cover temperature measurement points ................................... 3-6

Figure 3.5 Service area .......................................................................................... 3-7

Figure 3.6 Handling cautions................................................................................. 3-8

Figure 3.7 Connector locations.............................................................................. 3-9

Figure 3.8 Power supply pins (CN1) ................................................................... 3-10

Figure 4.1 Power supply configuration.................................................................. 4-4

Figure 4.2 Circuit configuration ............................................................................ 4-5

Figure 4.3 Power-on operation sequence............................................................... 4-7

Figure 4.4 Read/write circuit block diagram ....................................................... 4-10

Figure 4.5 Frequency characteristic of programmable filter................................ 4-11

Figure 4.6 Block diagram of servo control circuit............................................... 4-13

Figure 4.7 Physical sector servo configuration on disk surface........................... 4-16

Figure 4.8 Servo frame format............................................................................. 4-17

Figure 5.1 Interface signals.................................................................................... 5-2

Figure 5.2 Example of the circuit for driving Ready LED .................................. 5-12

Figure 5.3 Conceptual diagram of communication layers ................................... 5-14

Figure 5.4 Register - Host to Device FIS layout.................................................. 5-17

Figure 5.5 Register - Device to Host FIS layout.................................................. 5-18

Figure 5.6 DMA Active - Device to Host FIS layout .......................................... 5-18

Figure 5.7 DMA Setup - Device to Host or Host to Device FIS layout .............. 5-19

Figure 5.8 BIST Active - Bidirectional FIS layout.............................................. 5-20

Figure 5.9 Data FIS (Bidirectional) layout .......................................................... 5-21

C141-E245 xv

Contents

Figure 5.10 PIO Setup - Device to Host FIS layout.............................................5-21

Figure 5.11 Set Device Bits FIS...........................................................................5-23

Figure 5.12 Execution example of READ MULTIPLE command ......................5-91

Figure 5.13 Non-data command protocol ..........................................................5-171

Figure 5.14 PIO data-in command protocol.......................................................5-173

Figure 5.15 PIO data-out command protocol.....................................................5-174

Figure 5.16 DMA data-in command protocol....................................................5-175

Figure 5.17 DMA data-out command protocol..................................................5-176

Figure 5.18 READ FP DMA QUEUED command protocol .............................5-178

Figure 5.19 WRITE FP DMA QUEUED command protocol ...........................5-179

Figure 5.20 Power-on sequence .........................................................................5-180

Figure 5.21 COMRESET sequence ...................................................................5-181

Figure 6.1 Response to power-on (when the host is powered on earlier than the device) ..................................................................................6-2

Figure 6.2 Response to power-on (when the device is powered on earlier than the host)...........................................................................6-3

Figure 6.3 Response to COMRESET ....................................................................6-4

Figure 6.4 Response to a software reset.................................................................6-7

Figure 6.5 Data buffer structure ...........................................................................6-13 xvi C141-E245

Tables

Contents

Table 1.1 Specifications......................................................................................... 1-4

Table 1.2 Examples of model names and product numbers .................................. 1-5

Table 1.3 Current and power dissipation ............................................................... 1-8

Table 1.4 Environmental specifications................................................................. 1-9

Table 1.5 Acoustic noise specification ................................................................ 1-10

Table 1.6 Shock and vibration specification........................................................ 1-10

Table 1.7 Advanced Power Management ............................................................ 1-14

Table 1.8 Interface power management............................................................... 1-16

Table 3.1 Surface temperature measurement points and standard values.............. 3-6

Table 3.2 The recommended connector specifications for the host system .............................................................................................. 3-10

Table 5.1 Physical Layer Electrical Requirements ................................................ 5-7

Table 5.2 Connector pinouts................................................................................ 5-10

Table 5.3 Requirements for P11 as an output pin................................................ 5-12

Table 5.4 Shadow Block Register........................................................................ 5-16

Table 5.5 BIST combinations .............................................................................. 5-20

Table 5.6 Command code and parameters ........................................................... 5-29

Table 5.7 Diagnostic code ................................................................................... 5-43

Table 5.8 Operation of DOWNLOAD MICROCODE........................................ 5-45

Table 5.9 Example of rewriting procedure of data 512K Bytes

(80000h Bytes) of microcode.......................................................... 5-46

Table 5.10 Features Field values (subcommands) and functions ........................ 5-56

Table 5.11 Format of device attribute value data ................................................ 5-60

Table 5.12 Format of guarantee failure threshold value data .............................. 5-60

Table 5.13 Off-line data collection status ............................................................ 5-63

Table 5.14 Self-test execution status ................................................................... 5-63

Table 5.15 Off-line data collection capability ..................................................... 5-64

Table 5.16 Failure prediction capability flag....................................................... 5-64

Table 5.17 Drive error logging capability ........................................................... 5-64

Table 5.18 Log Directory Data Format................................................................ 5-65

Table 5.19 Data format of SMART Summary Error Log.................................... 5-66

Table 5.20 Data format of SMART Comprehensive Error Log .......................... 5-68

Table 5.21 SMART self-test log data format....................................................... 5-69

Table 5.22 Selective self-test log data structure .................................................. 5-70

Table 5.23 Selective self-test feature flags .......................................................... 5-71

Table 5.24 SCT command and the function ........................................................ 5-72

Table 5.25 Format of SCT STATUS Response................................................... 5-74

C141-E245 xvii

Contents

Table 5.26 SCT STATUS code............................................................................5-76

Table 5.27 Action code ........................................................................................5-78

Table 5.28 WRITE SAME...................................................................................5-78

Table 5.29 ERROR RECOVERY CONTROL ....................................................5-79

Table 5.30 FEATURE CONTROL COMMAND................................................5-80

Table 5.31 SCT DATA TABLE ..........................................................................5-81

Table 5.32 HAD Temperature..............................................................................5-82

Table 5.33 DEVICE CONFIGURATION IDENTIFY data structure ................5-88

Table 5.34 Information to be read by IDENTIFY DEVICE command .............5-106

Table 5.35 Features field values and settable modes .........................................5-119

Table 5.36 Write-Read-Verify feature sector counts .........................................5-125

Table 5.37 Contents of SECURITY SET PASSWORD data ............................5-126

Table 5.38 Relationship between combination of Identifier and Security level, and operation of the lock function.......................................5-126

Table 5.39 Contents of security password .........................................................5-134

Table 5.40 Data format of Read Log Ext log page 10h .....................................5-149

Table 5.41 Tag field information .......................................................................5-149

Table 5.42 Data format of Read Log Ext log page 11h .....................................5-150

Table 5.43 Counter Identifier information .........................................................5-150

Table 5.44 Command code and parameters .......................................................5-168 xviii C141-E245

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Key Features

  • 160 GB 2.5" 5400 RPM Serial ATA
  • HDD
  • Storage drive buffer size: 8 MB
  • 101 g

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