Canon EOS1 Ds MARKII Specifications

C
THE CANON
EOS-1Ds MARK II:
THE ABSOLUTE
PINNACLE OF D-SLR
DESIGN AND
PERFORMANCE
Table of Contents
I OVERVIEW
3
II SUMMARY OF FEATURES
Performance
Controls and Display
Body and Exterior
Compatibility and Support
5
5
6
6
6
Software and Accessories
7
III NEW AND IMPROVED DESIGN FEATURES
New and Improved Design Features
New 16.7 Megapixel CMOS Sensor
Autofocus System
E-TTL II Flash System
Exposure Control
8
8
8
9
10
11
DIGIC II Image Processor
12
Speed of Operation
Recording Controls
Color Materials
Processing Parameters
White Balance
Dual Slot Memory Cards
Data Loss Protection
12
12
13
13
13
14
15
Reliability and Durability
15
Ease of Operation
15
Playback Features
16
High Resolution LCD
16
Camera Setting Retention
17
Image Protection/Erase
17
Drive System
Connectivity
Audio Recording
Direct Printing
IPTC Compatibility
Exif 2.21 Compatibility
Software Package
Wireless File Transfer
Data Verification Kit
17
17
18
18
18
18
19
20
20
IV SPECIFICATIONS
21
V CONCLUSION
25
I. OVERVIEW
The Canon EOS-1Ds Mark II, brother of the EOS-1D Mark II and
successor to the EOS-1Ds, is the new flagship of the Canon
line of digital single lens reflex cameras and the absolute
pinnacle of D-SLR design and performance.
The Canon-designed and manufactured full-frame CMOS
sensor has 16.7 megapixels, the highest resolution unit in
any digital SLR on the market. Complete, in-house control
has made it technically and economically feasible for
Canon to produce a sensor of such prowess.
Amazingly, the 1Ds Mark II is lithe and responsive. Canon
has given it the processing power and write speeds
necessary to handle the enormous files it records so
effortlessly. The EOS-1Ds Mark II can fire bursts of 32
JPEGs or 11 RAW frames at 4 frames-per-second. It starts
from OFF in 0.3 second and has a shutter delay as low as
40ms. The 1Ds Mark II shares its exceptional 45-point
autofocus system, E-TTL II flash system, extensive controls,
rugged chassis and shutter with the EOS-1D Mark II, the professional standard for
sports, news, fashion, wedding and portrait photographers worldwide.
This commonality of parts has enabled Canon to offer a vastly improved camera for the
same price as its 11.1 megapixel predecessor. For approximately $8,000, the 1Ds Mark
II equals, and surpasses in many respects, the performance of digital camera backs that
cost $16,000 and up, plus the purchase of a medium format body. Then factor in the
limited selection and expense of medium format lenses and accessories and the
inconvenient add-ons most backs require. At $7,999, the 1Ds Mark II may not be
inexpensive, but it is a sensational deal.
The EOS-1Ds Mark II will appeal immediately to photographers who do commercial
product shots, stock photography, portraits and landscape work. Wedding
photographers who sell large prints, or who have wanted to, and magazine
photographers shooting covers, full-page layouts and centerfolds will love it, too.
Photographers who have used the EOS-1Ds will be delighted with the new resolution of
the 1Ds Mark II, but they will find the new speed and ease of operation a pleasure as
well. It is likely that the steady rate of conversion of pros from other systems will
continue and possibly accelerate.
I. OVERVIEW
3
Like the 1Ds and the 1D Mark II, the 1Ds Mark II is compatible with virtually the entire
Canon EOS System. An abundance of lenses, Speedlites, transmitters and power
supplies is available. Conversely, the 1Ds Mark II is itself part of that system. The 1Ds
was very successful in the rental market and in equipment pools. The 1Ds Mark II will be
much more popular. A photographer could buy, say, one or two 1D Mark IIs, secure in
the knowledge that a 1Ds Mark II can be rented when greater resolution is required.
Further, because the two cameras share operating controls, there is no learning curve
involved, no fear that a mistake in setting, or failing to set, an unfamiliar camera will
have an unfortunate result. Similarly, everything one might buy with or for a 1D Mark II
would work seamlessly should one purchase a 1Ds Mark II in the future. Such is the
confidence one can derive from a comprehensive and industry-leading system. In sum,
the Canon EOS-1Ds Mark II is the benchmark against which all professional cameras and
imaging systems, film and digital, will be measured. Let the comparisons begin.
I. OVERVIEW
4
II. SUMMARY OF FEATURES
Performance
• World’s highest pixel count in a 35mm, full-size digital AF SLR camera
• 16.7 megapixel, full-size, single-plate CMOS sensor, designed and manufactured by Canon
• Continuous shooting speed of 4 fps (One-Shot AF/AI SERVO AF) with a maximum burst
of 32 shots in JPEG large or 11 shots in RAW (vs. 3 fps and 10-shot maximum burst for
all pixel counts with EOS-1Ds)
• DIGIC II Image Processor with 8-channel reading and DDR-SDRAM for fast processing,
fine detail and natural color reproduction
• Uses 45-point area AF unit with 7 cross-type sensors, E-TTL II flash system and
21-zone light-metering sensor
• Startup time is an exceptionally fast 0.3 sec., compared with 0.5 sec. for the 1D Mark
II and 0.6 sec. for the 1Ds
• Release time lag 55ms (40ms with maximum aperture set via Personal Function) and
viewfinder blackout time 87ms, same times as EOS-1D Mark II
• Increased battery performance
• Shorter media write times
• Color reproduction improved to give richer, fuller colors while maintaining traditional
EOS-1D series emphasis on fine color gradations
• False colors (aliasing artifacts) minimized by new 3-layer optical low-pass filter
• Same low-noise characteristics as EOS-1D Mark II
• Selectable dark noise subtraction for long exposures
• Full-size sensor takes full advantage of lens performance, including wide-angle lenses;
no focal length conversion factor
• Shutter speeds: 1/8000 to 30 sec. and bulb exposure
• Maximum X-sync speed 1/250 sec.
• Shutter endurance increased to 200,000
cycles, same as 1D Mark II
• Has 2 memory card slots, CF and SD, like
the EOS-1D Mark II, for simultaneous
backup or individual recording
• Same One-Shot AF speed and AI SERVO
AF subject tracking performance as the
EOS-1D Mark II
II. SUMMARY OF FEATURES
5
Controls and Display
• Supports the same range of ISO settings as the EOS-1D Mark II, ISO 100 to 1600
(extended ISO range: L- 50, H- 3200) despite having smaller pixel size (7.2 µm vs. 8.2 µm)
• Five recording pixel counts (approx.): L- 16.60MP, M1- 8.60MP, M2- 6.30MP, S- 4.20MP
and RAW-16.60MP (EOS-1Ds had only Large and Small)
• Five preset color matrixes and two user-settable matrixes
• Color space (sRGB, Adobe RGB), color saturation (5 levels) and color tone (5 levels) all
user-settable, same as 1D Mark II
• Three user-settable sets of processing parameters: tone curve (standard plus 3 types),
sharpness (5 levels), and contrast (5 levels), same as 1D Mark II
• Camera settings can be saved to a memory card for specific stadiums, multiple
cameras, set-up restoration
• White balance compensation correctable for blue/amber and magenta/green bias
(+/- 9 levels)
• White balance bracketing for magenta/green and blue/amber bias correction
• RGB histogram provided
• Fully customizable: 20 Custom Functions (65 settings) and 27 Personal Functions
• Viewfinder coverage 100%; viewfinder specs the same as those in the EOS-1D Mark II
• New 230,000 pixel, high-detail LCD monitor, same as in 1D Mark II, has up to 10x
magnification in 15 steps and built-in rotated display function for vertical shots
Body and Exterior
• Magnesium alloy chassis and external covers (top, front
and rear) for ruggedness, light weight and rigidity
• Same water and dust resistance as EOS-1D Mark II
• Canon logo on pentaprism now set in relief for more
professional appearance
• Revised memory card slot cover release knob, same as
on 1D Mark II, allows operation while wearing gloves
“Ds” and “Mark II DIGITAL” nameplates now gold plated
Compatibility and Support
• IEEE1394 (Firewire) interface, as on 1D Mark II, enables high-speed image transfers
• New Video OUT terminal (NTSC/PAL), as on 1D Mark II, but not 1Ds
• New USB connection for camera direct printing
• Compatible with PictBridge, Bubble Jet Direct, CP Direct and DPOF
• Adopts new CR2 RAW format
• Compatible with Adobe RGB-supported DCF 2.0 and Exif 2.21
• 12 menu interface languages
• Compatible with all Canon
EF Lenses (but not EF-S
series lenses) and almost
all EOS accessories
EF Lenses
II. SUMMARY OF FEATURES
6
Software and Accessories
• Professional software bundle provides fast and easy
workflow; includes Digital Photo Professional 1.5, EOS
Viewer Utility 1.2, EOS Capture 1.2, PhotoStitch, TWAIN
and WIA drivers
• Supports data creation for accessory Data Verification
System kit, DVK-E2
• New accessory Wireless File Transmitter, WFT-E1A, enables
transfer of images to an FTP server via wireless or wired LAN
Wireless File Transmitter WFT-E1A
II. SUMMARY OF FEATURES
7
III. NEW AND IMPROVED
DESIGN FEATURES
New 16.7 Megapixel
CMOS Sensor
The heart of the Canon EOS-1Ds Mark II is a state-of-theart, 16.7 megapixel, full frame, single-plate CMOS sensor
developed and manufactured by Canon. The 1Ds Mark II
has the world’s highest pixel count in a 35mm digital SLR
camera. Its maximum-recorded resolution is 4992 by
3328 pixels. Each pixel is 7.2 µm, smaller than the
CMOS sensor
8.2 µm of the EOS-1D Mark II sensor or the 8.8 µm of the
EOS-1Ds it replaces, but supporting the same range of ISO settings and producing the
same low noise as the 1D Mark II and surpassing the 1Ds on both counts.
The 1Ds Mark II sensor shares with the 1D Mark II several substantial improvements
made possible by the Canon-developed, on-chip RGB primary color filter together with
larger microlenses that have much smaller gaps between them than those on the 1Ds.
These narrow gaps greatly increase the efficiency of light convergence while greatly
reducing birefringence. Canon has also improved the design of the photo diodes in the
CMOS sensor by eliminating transistors in each pixel, making a greater portion of the
surface area of each pixel sensitive to light.
Microlens gap
Null area
Photodiode
EOS-1Ds
EOS-1Ds Mark II
Normally, it’s nearly impossible to provide both high resolution and minimal false color,
but the EOS-1Ds Mark II has a 3-layer optical low pass filter that works with the DIGIC II
chip to reduce false colors while having minimal impact on resolution.
A second-generation, on-chip noise elimination circuit attends to fixed-pattern and random
noise. In addition to longer battery life, the lower power consumption of the CMOS sensor
means that the Signal-to-Noise Ratio is less affected when the sensor’s temperature
rises. For long exposures, including those up to several minutes, the circuit-driving
standard current and the power to the output amp are cut off and, as with the 1D Mark
II, the camera applies Dark Frame Subtraction automatically. Additionally, the irregular
image edge colors that occur during long exposures have been reduced dramatically.
Like the EOS-1D Mark II, the 1Ds Mark II is equipped with a low-noise, high-speed
output amp, and can read 8 channels simultaneously per line, enabling a continuous
III. NEW AND IMPROVED DESIGN FEATURES
8
shooting speed of 4 frames-per-second despite the enormous file size generated by
16.7 megapixels.
The EOS-1Ds Mark II’s sensor measures 36 by 24mm, a full 35mm frame, eliminating the
need for lens focal length conversion factors. Wide-angle lenses and the many unusual
or specialized lenses in the Canon EF family have their full, unfettered visual effect.
Autofocus System
The EOS-1Ds Mark II uses the exceptionally precise and fast autofocus system of the
EOS-1D Mark II with a few minor changes.
Like the EOS-1D Mark II, 1D, 1Ds and 1v, the
EOS-1Ds Mark II has a 45-point Area AF unit.
Manual selection of 45, 11 or 9 AF points is
possible. 38 of the 45 AF points are
vertical-line sensitive up to a maximum
aperture of f/5.6. 6 of the 7 AF points at the
center are cross-type sensors that are
vertical-line sensitive up to a maximum
Viewfinder
aperture of f/2.8 and horizontal-line sensitive
up to a maximum aperture of f/5.6. The central AF point is a cross-type sensor that
supports vertical-line sensitivity to a maximum aperture of f/4 and horizontal-line
sensitivity to a maximum aperture of f/8.
There are three autofocus modes: One-Shot AF, which stops and locks when focus
is achieved, Predictive AI Servo AF, which constantly tracks subject movement and
focuses until the start of exposure, and Manual focusing, which has focus
confirmation with the in-focus indicator light and the superimposed AF point.
EOS Speedlites that have built-in AF-assist emit a near-infrared beam when
necessary to assist autofocus.
The AF-related circuitry and the AF algorithm in the 1Ds Mark II incorporate the new
1D Mark II design so that the AF performance clearly surpasses that of the 1Ds.
The EOS-1D and 1Ds had a single CPU for AF operations from focus detection to
lens-driving control. The EOS-1D Mark II and 1Ds Mark II have two CPUs responsible for
these functions.
Dividing tasks means decisions are made simultaneously rather than in sequence. In
Predictive AI Servo AF, statistical prediction using the focusing data from previous
focusing operations is incorporated. The number of focusing operations per unit time is
twice as many with the 1D and 1Ds. With shorter time intervals and more repetitive
focusing operations, the predictive AF control works effectively from the first shot even
with subjects moving erratically. Should the subject’s movement change just before
shutter release, the shorter focusing operation interval means the predictive AF control
has a higher probability of catching it.
III. NEW AND IMPROVED DESIGN FEATURES
9
As with the EOS-1D Mark II, the AF CPU of the 1Ds Mark II is a 33 MHz, 32-bit RISC
(reduced instruction set) microcomputer that handles area AF detection and auto AF
point selection. The 1Ds Mark II camera CPU is a 32 MHz, 32-bit RISC microcomputer
that controls lens communications, lens driving control and predictive AF statistical
calculations. As a result, all the processing is faster than with the EOS 1D and 1Ds. OneShot AF speed is faster; AI SERVO AF focusing precision is the same for the 1D Mark II
and the 1Ds Mark II and appreciably greater than that of their predecessors.
Because the AF unit is capable of operating at 8.5 frames-per-second and the 1Ds Mark
II has a maximum speed of 4 fps, the AI Servo AF algorithm has been optimized for 4 fps
operation. “C-Fn 21 AI SERVO AF continuous shooting and shutter speed priority” of the
EOS-1D Mark II is deleted for the 1Ds Mark II for the same reason. The 1Ds Mark II can
track a moving subject easily and shoot at 4 fps, so without setting C-Fn 21, it can
operate at the maximum continuous shooting speed.
E-TTL II Flash System
Since the first photographer set a house on fire with blitzlichtpulver (flash powder) more
than a hundred years ago, low-light shooters have waited patiently for E-TTL II, the
complete solution to flash control.
The EOS-1Ds Mark II shares the new E-TTL II algorithm with the EOS-1D Mark II. The
system enables uncanny E-TTL flash accuracy and reliability. In previous cameras,
evaluative flash metering was based on the assumption that an autofocus point would
cover the subject. When this is not the case, inaccurate flash exposures result. The
EOS-1Ds Mark II’s evaluative flash metering is not dependent on the active AF point.
In the new algorithm, ambient light is measured when the shutter button is pressed.
Next, a pre-flash is fired and the metering sensor takes readings at the central 17
metering zones. The ambient and pre-flash readings are compared. The metering areas
having a small difference are selected as the flash exposure metering areas. (Areas with
very big differences between ambient and pre-flash readings are excluded or down
weighted because they are assumed to contain a highly reflective object or that the
subject is not in that part of the frame. The algorithm avoids chronic underexposure
problems in such situations.) These readings are weighted, averaged and compared
with the ambient light reading, and the main flash output is then set and stored in
memory. E-TTL II weights and averages the flash metering for the subject and all other
objects at the same distance as the subject. Even if the subject’s position, reflectance or
size changes, the flash output will not change radically. The flash exposure will be highly
accurate and stable.
III. NEW AND IMPROVED DESIGN FEATURES
10
Most EF Lenses provide distance information, and this data
is also considered in determining if there is a highly
reflective object, once again lessening the chance of
underexposure. The EOS-1Ds Mark II is compatible with
the color data transmission feature introduced on the
Speedlite 580EX. When the Canon Speedlite 580EX is
used with the 1Ds Mark II, the color temperature of the
Speedlite 580EX
flash is incorporated in white balance calculations,
affording a remarkable improvement in color balance accuracy.
Flash sync is provided from the side PC socket and the newly strengthened hot shoe. A locking pin
in the hot shoe prevents Speedlite slippage. The two connections can be used simultaneously.
Hot-shoe mounted flash units can sync at 1/250 or slower. Studio flash can sync at 1/125 or
slower. The PC terminal has no polarity issues and can be used safely with sync voltages up to 250V.
The EOS-1Ds Mark II is compatible with Canon’s entire line of EX series Speedlites plus
the MR-14EX Macro Ring Lite and the MT-24EX Macro Twin Lite for close-ups. Wireless
flash works with the on-camera Speedlite 580EX, 550EX, MR-14EX, MT-24EX or Speedlite
Transmitter ST-E2 serving as the master, transmitting wireless signals to an unlimited
number of 580EX, 550EX and 420EX Speedlites as slave units. The 420EX can only function
as a slave, and the MR-14EX or MT-24EX can function only as master units. The master
unit’s flash can be enabled or disabled. Even when disabled, the flash head can still
transmit wireless optical signals. Except with the 420EX, a modeling flash can be fired.
Up to 3 groups (for main, fill and background) of slave units can be set up. The slave
unit’s ID is set to Group A, B or C. The flash output ratio between Groups A and B can be
adjusted automatically from 8:1 to 1:1, or from 1:1 to 8:1. The flash output of Group C
can be adjusted through flash exposure compensation.
Exposure Control
The EOS-1Ds Mark II has a 21-zone silicon photocell that handles maximum aperture TTL
metering. There are four selectable metering modes: Evaluative, which is linkable to
any AF point, Partial, which meters approximately 8.5% of the screen, Center spot
metering, which reads approximately 2.4% of the screen and has added options of AF
point-linked or multi-spot metering, and Center-weighted average metering, which
calculates over the entire image, but emphasis is placed in the center zone.
The 1Ds Mark II, like the 1D Mark II, has seven shooting modes: Shutter-priority AE,
Aperture-priority AE, Program AE, either Evaluative or Averaged E-TTL II program
autoflash (21-zone flash metering), Manual exposure, Flash metered manual or Bulb.
The metering range is from EV 0 to EV 20 and the ISO range is from 100 to 1600 in
1/3-step increments with 50 and 3200 menu-selectable. In addition to manual
exposure compensation, auto exposure-bracketing (AEB) records 3 exposures in an
adjustable range of up to +/- 3 stops in 1/3 or 1/2 stop increments. AE Lock is available
in any auto exposure mode.
III. NEW AND IMPROVED DESIGN FEATURES
11
DIGIC Image Processor
The next-generation DIGIC II Image Processor in the
Canon EOS-1Ds Mark II, as well as in the EOS-1D Mark II,
features ultra-fast response and high performance. The
single board design replaces the multiple boards of the
1D and 1Ds and the DIGIC II itself is a single-chip unit
whereas the 1D and 1Ds had two separate Image
Processors. The DIGIC II has a new signal processing
DIGIC II Image Processor
algorithm, 8-channel signal reading and faster image data
signal processing. Color reproduction of high-saturation, bright subjects is improved.
Auto white balance is more precise and accuracy in low color temperatures, such as
tungsten light, is better. False colors and noise in low light have been reduced.
The DIGIC II Image Processor enables the EOS-1Ds Mark II to write to card at speeds up
to 5.8 MB/sec, depending on the CF card’s write speed capability, whereas the 1Ds
writes at just under 2 MB/sec.
The EOS-1Ds Mark II uses double data rate, synchronous dynamic random access
memory, DDR-SDRAM, first seen in a digital SLR in the EOS-1D Mark II. This high speed
buffer memory is one of the keys to the 1Ds Mark II’s ability to capture 16.7 megapixel
files at 4 frames-per-second for as many as 32 JPEGs or 11 RAW images. With its 4.1
megapixels, the 1D could do 21 JPEGs or 16 RAW images at 8 frames-per-second. The
EOS-1Ds, with 11.1 megapixels, can fire off 10 frames at 3 fps. The speed king, the
EOS-1D Mark II, can fire at 8.5 fps for up to 40 JPEGs or 20 RAW consecutive frames.
Speed of Operation
During continuous high-speed shooting, mirror blackout time becomes a serious
problem. The faster the mirror comes down and stabilizes, the clearer, sharper and
brighter the finder image is, giving a much more accurate and less fatiguing view and
giving the predictive autofocus more time to do its job. The EOS-1Ds Mark II shares with
the EOS-1D Mark II, EOS-1v, 1D and 1Ds a Canon innovation called Active Mirror Control
which replaces conventional suppression of mirror rebound shock with a mechanical
system which incorporates a hook on the backside of the main mirror. The hook holds
the mirror in place when it flips down, reducing mirror bounce and shake and confining
it to a much shorter duration. The result is a mirror blackout time of 87ms.
In its normal configuration, the EOS-1Ds Mark II has the same shutter release time lag
as the EOS-1D Mark II, the EOS-1D, the EOS-1Ds and the EOS-1v film cameras, 55ms,
when stopping down within 3 stops of maximum aperture, but (as with the 1D Mark II)
the delay can be reduced to 40ms at maximum aperture with Personal Function 26,
“shorter shutter release time lag.” The startup time after the power switch is turned on
is about 0.3 sec., half the 0.6 sec. of the EOS-1Ds.
Recording Controls
The EOS-1Ds Mark II has an increased range of recording quality selections and settings
compared with the 1Ds. The JPEG pixel count has four options: L (16.6MP), M1 (8.6MP),
III. NEW AND IMPROVED DESIGN FEATURES
12
M2 (6.3MP), and S (4.2MP). An additional choice is CR2
RAW at 16.6MP. The recording quality, or compression
rate, is independent of the pixel count. For each of the
four pixel counts, there are ten compression rates
selectable from the menu, from 1 (minimum quality,
maximum compression) to 10 (maximum quality,
minimum compression). All the recording quality levels
and combinations, JPEG, RAW and RAW + JPEG, can now
be accessed directly with the Quality button and the
Quick Control Dial.
Color Matrix
The EOS-1Ds Mark II has five pre-set color matrixes (which have been re-tuned to control
red saturation), the same as the EOS-1D, the EOS-1Ds and the EOS-1D Mark II:
Standard: (sRGB compatible) Provides natural-looking color shades and tones. It is the
starting point for general shooting.
Portrait: (sRGB compatible) Provides a warmer color palette, ideal color tones for portraits.
High Saturation: (sRGB compatible) Brighter, more vibrant colors make color shades
look similar to high-saturation slide film. It is useful for product shots and on-screen
applications.
Adobe RGB: Preserves a wider color gamut than sRGB. This setting is recommended for
advanced users with experience in color management.
Low Saturation: (sRGB compatible) Makes color shades lighter or more subdued. It is
useful for portraits and studio shooting.
Like the 1D Mark II, the 1Ds Mark II has two additional
matrixes that can be set by the user for color space (sRGB,
Adobe RGB), color saturation (5 levels: low, slightly low,
standard, slightly high, high) and color tone (5 levels: -2,
-1, 0, +1, +2).
Processing Parameters
White Balance
In addition to the standard processing parameters applied
automatically by the camera during image recording, three
sets of parameters can be determined by the user. The tone
curve must first be set with dedicated software. Then, in
addition to standard, the options are TCD1, TCD2 and TCD3.
There are six sharpness levels, from 0 to 5 and five levels of
contrast, from –2 to +2. By altering these parameters, users
can “develop” their images however they like.
The EOS-1Ds Mark II and the 1D Mark II feature ten white balance modes, from totally
automatic control to precise setting of the color temperature in degrees Kelvin to give
photographers unsurpassed control, even in difficult tungsten/fluorescent mixed light.
III. NEW AND IMPROVED DESIGN FEATURES
13
White Balance is indicated on the rear LCD panel. There
are ten separate settings: Auto (approx. 3000-7000K),
Daylight (approx. 5200K), Shade (approx. 7000K), Cloudy
(approx. 6000K), Tungsten light (approx. 3200K),
Fluorescent (approx. 4000K), Flash (approx. 6000K),
Manual (from 2000-10000K), Color temperature (approx.
2800-10,000K) and PC-1 to PC-3, allowing registration of
up to three color temperatures with dedicated software.
0.8
0.6
Blackbody
radial locus
White fluorescent light
0.4
Daylight
Tungsten
light bulb
0.2
B: Blue
A: Amber
G: Green
M: Magenta
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
CIE xy color graph
The accuracy of the new white balance algorithm, especially at low color temperatures,
has made it possible to eliminate the external AWB sensor found on the 1Ds and to
discontinue hybrid AWB.
The white balance compensation function allows users to adjust the currently set
white balance mode’s standard color temperature (between 2000 and 10000K rather
than from 2800 on the 1Ds). It provides the same effect as attaching a color
conversion light balancing filter (for corrections in the blue-to-amber range) and/or a
color compensation filter (for corrections in the magenta-to-green range). The
compensation can be set up to 9 levels in single-level increments for each color. The
blue/amber bias and magenta/ green bias adjustments can be set in combination
with each other. Unlike conventional filters, the built-in white balance compensation
never fades and cannot be scratched.
White balance bracketing, shared with the 1D Mark II, permits three white balancebracketed images to be captured with a single shot, rather than the three shots required
on the 1D/1Ds. Magenta/standard color temp/green bracketing is added to the
blue/standard color temp/amber bracketing on the 1D/1Ds. Bracketing can be up to
+/-3 levels of blue/amber or magenta/green. White balance bracketing can be set in
combination with white balance compensation and AEB.
Rather than being set in a menu window, manually adjusted color temperatures can now
be entered directly in the Color Temperature selection mode using the WB button and
the main dial. This is easier than on the 1Ds and is more likely to prevent errors.
Dual Slot Memory Cards
SD
CF
The EOS-1Ds Mark II and the 1D Mark II have two card
slots, one for CompactFlash and another for the
physically smaller Secure Digital. Canon engineers were
able to make this addition without altering the legendary
“1 series” chassis. There are several ways to take
advantage of this configuration:
The same file can be recorded on each card, creating a full backup. If one of the cards
be comes full, the user can cancel the backup mode and continue shooting on the
remaining card.
III. NEW AND IMPROVED DESIGN FEATURES
14
One can select either the CF card or the SD card for recording. When the card becomes
full, one switches to the other card. This is not an automatic process so you will know
you’re now on your “reserve tank.”
The intelligent display of the number of remaining shots displayed on the top LCD panel
is based on the memory card that has fewer frames left.
The red LED memory card access lamp blinks while data is being written to or read from
the memory cards. Error warnings are displayed on the top LCD panel, in the viewfinder
and on the LCD monitor. The shutter release locks. A menu setting permits separate
card formatting. Shooting is possible with only the SD card inserted.
Data Loss Protection
Of interest to untold thousands of photographers, even if the memory card slot cover is
opened by mistake, the EOS-1Ds Mark II and the EOS-1D Mark II prevent data erasing.
Writing resumes when the cover is closed.
Reliability and Durability
The Canon EOS-1Ds Mark II continues the tradition, begun in 1971 with the Canon F-1
SLR, of reserving the “1” series designation for cameras which represent state-of-the-art
ruggedness and durability. The use of magnesium alloy is continued for the top, front
and rear covers, the memory card slot cover and the chassis. The mirror box is a
machined aluminum die-casting. The dust-proofing and waterproofing seals have been
improved. There are nearly 100 environmental seal points on the EOS-1Ds Mark II body.
L-series lenses add an additional seal at the lens/body interface. Shutter durability has
been increased from 150,000 cycles on the 1D, the 1Ds, and the EOS 1v film camera, to
200,000 cycles, as on the 1D Mark II. Additionally, the flash accessory shoe has been
strengthened to reflect the service conditions that the 1Ds Mark II may face.
Ease of Operation
In response to users who had trouble operating the 1D memory card slot cover knob
with gloves on, the shape of the knob handle has been changed on the 1Ds Mark II and
the 1D Mark II. A recess has been created under the handle.
Some commonly used functions have been made more accessible than they were on the
1Ds. JPEG, RAW and RAW + JPEG can be selected in a single operation and manual color
temperature settings can be adjusted directly with the WB button and the main dial
III. NEW AND IMPROVED DESIGN FEATURES
15
without using the menu. Frequently used ISO speed extensions have been moved to the
menu screen from the Custom Functions. An Enlarge button has been added to control
screen magnifications. The Erase button has been moved to the bottom row with the
Recording Quality and White Balance buttons. The Erase button also has a small raised
point in its center to distinguish it from the other buttons.
Even when reviewing work or adjusting settings, pressing the shutter button will return
the camera to shooting mode instantly so the user will never miss something important
while he or she is fiddling with buttons and dials.
Playback Features
The EOS-1Ds Mark II has five image display formats: Single (Info), Single, 4-image index,
9-image index and Magnified zoom display. The Single (Info) format shows the following
23 items: shutter speed, aperture, exposure compensation amount, image protection,
audio recording, image quality, shooting mode, metering mode, flash exposure
compensation amount, ISO speed, ISO speed bracketing amount, white balance mode,
white balance compensation amount, white balance bracketing amount, color
temperature, date, time, file number, AF point, histogram, original image evaluation
data, memory card selection status, and folder number.
An RGB Histogram has been added to display options, enabling the user to check white
balance bias, color balance, color saturation, color gradation compression, as well as
other color-related information that the brightness display does not show.
When the Highlight Alert is enabled, the bright portions of the image that contain no
information will blink. The histogram is switchable on the menu from RGB to Brightness.
The image on the rear display can be magnified from 1.5 to 10x in 15 steps, accessed
by holding down the magnify and the plus or minus buttons. The display can be scrolled
left or right, up or down while magnified. One can view the next image while retaining
the magnification and location settings. Image rotation may be accomplished manually
by a menu selection, or automatically during playback. The Video OUT terminal permits
menu-selectable NTSC or PAL display.
➧
High Resolution LCD
➧
The EOS-1Ds Mark II has the same bright, high-resolution
LCD display as the EOS-1D Mark II. The 2 inch, polysilicon
TFT LCD screen has 230,000 pixels, nearly double the
120,000 of the 1D/1Ds. The display is very sharp and
detailed so it is easier to read text and data and to
evaluate images, even in sunlight. The backlight for the LCD monitor has also been
III. NEW AND IMPROVED DESIGN FEATURES
16
upgraded to a white LED unit, which is much brighter and more accurate in color than the
fluorescent backlight used with the EOS-1D and 1Ds. At the same time, the new backlight
consumes far less power, thus contributing to the 1Ds Mark II’s outstanding battery life.
Camera Settings Retention
Almost all the camera settings displayed on the top and rear LCD panels and in the
menus can be saved to a memory card. Benefits that attend to this advance include:
Personal settings or settings for a specific stadium can be shared with and used on
multiple cameras. The menu and C.Fn/P.Fn settings specified on one camera can be
saved and uploaded to another camera, speeding and simplifying complex setup tasks
and minimizing the chance that errors might occur. When the camera is sent in for
servicing or repairs, settings can be stored and then reloaded when the camera is
returned so that the camera is set up exactly as before.
Image Protection/Erase
Single images, all images in a folder or all images in a memory card can be protected or
unprotected. Single images, all images in a folder or all images or all images in a
memory card can be erased if they are not protected. Any protected images cannot be
erased with the camera, but the entire contents of the card can be erased when it is
formatted in the camera.
Drive System
The EOS-1Ds Mark II has four drive modes: single, approximately 4 fps, 10 second
self-timer and 2 second self-timer. During continuous shooting, images are stored in the
DDR-SDRAM buffer memory. When the buffer becomes full, further shooting is disabled
until at least one frame becomes available. At shutter speeds of 1/250 or faster, the
EOS-1Ds Mark II can fire bursts at 4 fps up to 32 JPEGs or 11 RAW frames. After the
image is captured, the image review can be set to OFF, ON, or ON (INFO), which includes
a histogram display. The review time can be set to 2, 4 or 8 seconds or Hold.
Connectivility
The EOS-1D and 1Ds use 6-pin FireWire/IEEE1394 connections for data transfer, the 1Ds
at 60 Mbps and the 1D at 40 Mbps. The 1Ds Mark II and the 1D Mark II use a 4-pin
FireWire port which creates room for a USB 1.1 Type B interface (for Direct Printing) and
video out, all in the place previously occupied by IEEE1394 alone. An IFC-450D4 cable is
bundled with the 1Ds Mark II. The data transfer speed of the EOS-1Ds Mark II is usefully
faster than that of the 1Ds thanks to DIGIC II: 100 Mbps.
The new camera direct USB port, with the small Type B connector, is used exclusively for
direct printing via CP Direct, Bubble Jet Direct or PictBridge. The USB and IEEE1394 ports
are positioned close together to make it impossible for the two to be connected at the
same time. Under the upper rubber cover, there is a PC flash sync connection and an
N3-type remote control terminal. At the request of photographers who need to display or
to demonstrate their images while they are shooting, the 1Ds Mark II and the 1D Mark II
feature a new video OUT terminal, NTSC or PAL, not provided on the 1Ds.
III. NEW AND IMPROVED DESIGN FEATURES
17
Audio Recording
Direct Printing
Sound recorded with the built-in microphone for 30 seconds maximum is attached to
the respective image in WAV format. EOS Viewer Utility, Digital Photo Professional, and
other compatible software applications support playback of recorded sound files.
The EOS-1Ds Mark II can print directly to a Canon Compact Photo Printer, Canon PIXMA
series Printer, Canon Bubble Jet Direct Photo Printer, or to a non-Canon, PictBridgecompatible printer. With DPOF (Digital Print Order Format), one can specify which
images in the memory cards are to be printed and in what quantity. This feature is very
convenient when one wishes to make prints with a DPOF-compatible printer or photo
lab. In direct printing, one can simply print the images specified with DPOF. The camera
also supports Exif Print. This worldwide standard for higher quality digital photos
records camera settings and shooting conditions right in the JPEG file created with each
shot. Then the camera’s own software communicates with an Exif-enabled printer to
adjust parameters based on the individualized information embedded in each image,
optimizing the printed image based on the photographer’s original intent. The EOS-1Ds
Mark II, like the 1D Mark II, supports the latest version of Exif (2.21), which adds Adobe
RGB to Exif’s color space information.
Of interest to 1Ds Mark II users for on-site
distribution, the Canon Compact Photo
Printer CP-220/CP-330 are small dye-sub
printers, identical except that the CP-330
can run on a rechargeable battery pack.
They can make bordered or borderless
prints in sizes ranging from miniature
stickers and wallet to 4" x 6" photo
postcards and 4" x 8" photo greeting cards.
PIXMA iP8500 and EOS 1Ds Mark II
IPTC Compatibility
The photographer’s name as well as the shooting date and time can be appended to
JPEG images every time the shutter is fired. Detailed IPTC (International Press
Telecommunication Council) information can also be entered in the computer via the
bundled software. In the EOS-1D and 1Ds, the IPTC data could be appended only to RAW
images. With the 1Ds Mark II and 1D Mark II, the IPTC information can be appended to
JPEG images instead. The embedded IPTC data is compatible with the image transfer
software used by the news services. This should prove to be a substantial benefit to
agencies and photojournalists because JPEGs are smaller and faster to transmit and are
therefore far more likely to be used in conjunction with IPTC information.
Exif 2.21 Compatibility
Exif stands for Exchangeable Image File Format, the worldwide standard for storing
digital images as JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) files. It stipulates the shooting
information appended to images. The EOS-1Ds Mark II and 1D Mark II support the latest
version of Exif, 2.21, which adds Adobe RGB to Exif’s color space information.
III. NEW AND IMPROVED DESIGN FEATURES
18
Photoshop CS can see Exif 2.21 files. When an Exif 2.21 compatible application is used,
it is automatically opened using the Adobe RGB color space. Exif 2.21 compatible printers will produce prints with optimum saturation adjustment.
Software Package
The EOS-1Ds Mark II is bundled, at no extra cost, with two software CD-ROMs. The EOS
Digital Solution Disk (v. 9.0) includes EOS Viewer Utility (v. 1.2), EOS Capture (v. 1.2),
PhotoStitch, a TWAIN Driver and a WIA Driver. Macintosh and Windows versions of
Viewer Utility, Capture and PhotoStitch are provided. Digital Photo Professional (v. 1.5)
is on the second disk.
Digital Photo Professional (DPP) offers high-speed and convenient processing of RAW
images. Rivaling and even surpassing features of expensive, stand-alone and plug-in
RAW image processing programs, DPP streamlines professional photographers’ workflow, providing time and labor saving options such as instantaneous RAW image
adjustment display and support for .CR2 and RAW .TIF as well as Exif TIFF and JPEG
formats. Among the numerous features DPP provides is the capability to save multiple
adjustments to an image as a “recipe” that can be reloaded and used again or applied
to other images. In comparison mode, original and edited images can be compared side
by side or within a single split image.
DPP is compatible with multiple color space settings including sRGB, Adobe RGB and
Wide Gamut RGB as well as Color Management Settings using ICC profiles. Among the
array of processing options provided by DPP are color channels, tone curves, exposure
compensation, white balance, dynamic range, brightness, contrast, color saturation, ICC
Profile embedding and assignment of monitor profiles. DPP allows continuous editing
while batches of previously adjusted RAW files are rendered and saved in the background.
Planned changes for DPP version 1.5, compared with v. 1.1, include a cropping tool, a
navigation tool, CMYK printer simulation, multiple image downloading and downloading
to applications other than Photoshop, and support for high-end compact models, such
as the Canon Powershot Pro1. Continuous refinement simply means that the
functionality and value of DPP will increase over time.
The EOS Viewer Utility/EOS Capture programs bundled with both Mark II cameras permit
downloading of images directly from the camera’s CF or SD cards to the computer (utilizing
the supplied IEEE1394 cable or a peripheral card reader) for use by DPP or other programs,
and the EOS Capture program in particular works together with DPP to support tethered
shooting with a full range of image adjustments in studio environments, an application
at which the EOS-1Ds Mark II will excel. Once images have been adjusted in DPP, a
transfer function allows immediate editing in Photoshop or any other imaging program.
The PhotoStitch program automatically composites multiple images into a single image.
In addition to the single-image printing function available on normal printers, DPP
supports linked printing with the Easy-PhotoPrint software for Canon Inkjet/Bubble Jet
III. NEW AND IMPROVED DESIGN FEATURES
19
Printers. Images printed from DPP using Easy-PhotoPrint and a Inkjet/BJ printer can be
printed in faithful colors, taking maximum advantage of the Inkjet/BJ printer color
space. When Easy-PhotoPrint 2.1 or later is used with a Canon i9900 Desktop Photo
Printer or Canon PIXMA iP8500 Photo Printer, their ChromaPLUS system with 8
individual ink cartridges supports images captured in Adobe RGB with the EOS-1Ds
Mark II and EOS-1D Mark II cameras.
Wireless File Transfer
The most significant new accessory offered with the EOS-1Ds Mark II, especially for
journalists, is the Wireless File Transmitter WFT-E1A. When attached to the bottom of the
1Ds Mark II, the WFT-E1A enables the camera to transfer images to an FTP server via
wireless or wired LAN (local area network). Images can be automatically transferred
immediately or multiple images can be selected after shooting and then sent.
The wireless LAN is compatible with IEEE 802.11b/g, and the wired LAN is Ethernet.
With wireless LAN, one can send images to an FTP server by using a commercial wireless
LAN access point or by connecting to a wireless LAN adapter.
Firmware upgrades* will make the EOS-1D Mark II and
the EOS 20D compatible with the WFT-E1A. The
WFT-E1A unit includes a mini-antenna, IEEE1394 cable,
a case and a camera mounting screw. The battery and
charger will be optional.
*Available December 2004.
Data Verification Kit
The new, optional DVK-E2 Data Verification Kit, v. 2.1, is a significant advance for the
use of digital photography in forensic and law enforcement applications. The kit
consists of a dedicated Secure Mobile Card DV-E2 (SMC), a new SMC card reader with
small USB adapter, the EOS Data Verification Disk which is Windows 2000/XP
compatible (A Mac version is planned to be downloadable from Canon USA’s web site)
and a manual. Encrypted verification data is added to image headers in the camera
when P.Fn-31, “Add original decision data,” is switched on. Data verification software
can then confirm that EOS-1Ds Mark II, EOS-1D Mark II, EOS-1Ds and EOS 20D image
files have not been altered.
DVK-E2 Data Verification Kit
III. NEW AND IMPROVED DESIGN FEATURES
20
IV. SPECIFICATIONS
Camera Type
Imaging Element
Recording System
Type: Digital AF/AE SLR
Recording Medium: Type I or II CF card, SD memory card
Image Size: 36.0 x 24.0mm
Compatible Lenses: Canon EF lenses (except EF-S lenses)
Lens Mount: Canon EF mount
Type: High-sensitivity, high-resolution, single-plate, color CMOS
Effective Pixels: Approx. 16.7 megapixels
Total Pixels: Approx. 17.2 megapixels
Aspect Ratio: 2:3 (Vertical:Horizontal)
Color Filter System: RGB primary color filter
Low-pass Filter: Fixed position in front of the image sensor
File Format: Design rule for Camera File system 2.0 (JPEG) and RAW. Exif 2.21 compliant.
Recording Formats: JPEG and RAW
File Size (on CF card): JPEG: (1) L (Large): Approx. 5.5MB (4992 x 3328) (2) M1
(Medium1): Approx. 3.2MB (3600 x 2400) (3) M1 (Medium2): Approx. 2.6MB (3072 x
2048) (4) S (Small): Approx. 1.9MB (2946 x 1664) (5) RAW: Approx. 14.6MB (4992 x
3328) JPEG quality: can be set from 1 (min. quality, max. compression) to 10 (max.
quality, min. compression).
Folder Setting: Automatic
File Numbering: (1) Consecutive numbering (2) Auto reset (3) Manual reset
Processing Parameters: Standard parameters plus up to three custom processing
parameters can be set
Interface: IEEE1394 for personal computers; USB for direct printing; Video output
(NTSC/PAL)
White Balance
Color Temperature
Compensation
Settings: Auto, Preset (daylight, shade, overcast, tungsten bulb, fluorescent light,
flash), Manual (2800-10000K in 100k increments), Custom (read off photo quality gray
card or white subject, color temperature), Personal (up to 3 MB settings can be
uploaded to the camera via dedicated software).
White balance bracketing: ±3 stops in full-stop increments White balance correction:
±9 stops in full-stop increments *Blue/amber bias or magenta/green bias possible
IV. SPECIFICATIONS
21
Viewfinder
Type: Eye-level SLR (with fixed pentaprism)
Coverage: Approx. 100% vertically and horizontally (Coverage against JPEG Large)
Magnification: 0.7x (-1 diopter with 50mm lens at infinity)
Eyepoint: 20mm
Built-in Dioptric Correction: -3.0 – +1.0 diopter
Focusing Screen: Interchangeable (9 types), Standard focusing screen: Ec-CIII
Mirror: Quick-return half mirror (Transmission: reflection ratio of 37:63, no mirror cut-off
with EF 1200mm f/5.6 or shorter lens)
Viewfinder Information: AF information (AF points, focus confirmation light), exposure
information (shutter speed, aperture, manual exposure, spot metering circle, ISO speed,
exposure level, exposure warning), flash information (flash ready, FP flash, FE lock, flash
exposure level), white balance correction, JPEG recording, number of remaining shots,
memory card information
Depth-of-field: Enabled with depth-of-field preview button (with Speedlite 580EX,
550EX, MR-14EX, or MT-24EX, pressing the depth-of-field preview button fires a
modeling flash)
Eyepiece Shutter: Built-in
Autofocus
Type: TTL-AREA-SIR with AF-dedicated CMOS Sensor
AF Points: 45
AF Working Range: EV 0-18 (at ISO 100)
Focusing Modes: One-Shot AF, Predictive AI Servo AF, AI Focus AF (Automatically selects
One-Shot AF or AI Servo AF), Manual focusing (MF)
AF Point Selection: Automatic selection, manual selection, home position (switch to
registered AF point)
Selected AF Point Display: Superimposed in viewfinder and indicated on LCD panel.
AF-assist Beam: Emitted by the dedicated Speedlite
Exposure Control
Metering Modes: 21-zone TTL full aperture metering. (1) Evaluative metering (linkable to
any AF point), (2) Partial metering (approx. 8.5% of viewfinder at center), (3) Spot
metering [Center spot metering (approx. 2.4% of viewfinder at center), AF point-linked
spot metering (approx. 2.4% of screen), Multi-spot metering (Max. 8 spot metering
entries)], (4) Center-weighted averaged metering
Metering Range: EV 1-20 (at 20°C with 50mm f/1.4 lens at ISO 100)
Exposure Control Systems: Program AE (shiftable), Shutter-priority AE, Aperture-priority
AE, E-TTL II Autoflash Program AE, and Manual.
ISO Speed Range: Equivalent to ISO 100-1600 (in 1/3-stop increments), ISO speed can
be expanded to ISO 50 and 3200 via menu selection.
AE Lock: Auto: Operates in One-Shot AF mode evaluative metering when focus is achieved.
Manual: By AE lock button in all metering modes.
IV. SPECIFICATIONS
22
Shutter
Type: Electronically-controlled focal-plane shutter.
Shutter Speeds: 1/8000 to 30 sec. (1/3-stop increments), bulb, X-sync at 1/250 sec.
Shutter Release: Soft-touch electromagnetic release
Noise Reduction: Settable with C.Fn-02 (Noise reduction for long exposures)
Self-Timer: 10 sec. or 2 sec. Delay.
Remote Control: Remote control with N3 type terminal.
External Speedlite
EOS External Flash or Dedicated Speedlite: E-TTL II autoflash with EX-series Speedlite.
PC Terminal: Provided.
Drive System
LCD Monitor
Image Playback
Drive Modes: Single, Continuous, Self-Timer
Continuous Shooting Speed: Approx. 4 fps (at 1/250 sec. or faster for all recording
quality settings)
Max. Burst During Continuous Shooting: 32 shots (JPEG Large/Fine)/11 shots (RAW)
Type: TFT color LCD monitor
Monitor Size: 2.0 inches
Pixels: Approx. 230,000 pixels (displayed pixels)
Coverage: Approx. 100% (for JPEG images)
Brightness Adjustment: 5-levels (settable with menu’s “LCD brightness”)
Image Display Format: (1) Single image, (2) Single image with information, (3) 4-image
index, (4) 9-image index, (5) Magnified zoom, (6) Manual/automatic rotation
Highlight Alert: In the single image with information display mode, the highlight
portions containing no image information will blink.
Image Protection
and Erase
Menus
Power Source
Protection: Erase protection of one image, all images in a folder, or all images in the
memory card can be applied or cancelled.
Erase: One image, all images in a folder, or all images in the memory card can be erased
(except protected images).
Menu Categories: (1) Shooting Menus, (2) Playback Menus, (3) Setup Menus
LCD Monitor Language: English, German, Dutch, Danish, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian,
Swedish, Spanish, Simplified Chinese and Japanese.
Firmware Updating: Enabled by the user
Battery: One Ni-MH Pack NP-E3
IV. SPECIFICATIONS
23
Number of Shots
Configuration
NP-E3
Dimensions and Weight
Working Conditions
Normal temp (68°F/20°C)
1200 frames
Low temp (32°F/0°C)
800 frames
Dimensions (W x H x D): 6.1 x 6.2 x 3.1 in./156 x 157.6 x 79.9mm
Weight: 42.9 oz./1215g (Body only. battery: 11.8 oz./335g)
Working Temperature Range: 0-45° C/32-113° F
Working Humidity: 85% or less
• All the specifications above are based on Canon’s testing and measuring standards.
• The camera’s specifications and physical appearance are subject to change without notice.
Microsoft® and Windows® are registered trademarks or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and / or other
IV. SPECIFICATIONS
24
V. CONCLUSION
What makes a camera a landmark? Image quality? Resolution? Speed of operation?
Range of controls? Superb construction? Any camera would be disqualified from
landmark consideration if it didn’t have all of these in abundance. No, a landmark
literally alters the terrain. It changes the hierarchy of product offerings and calls into
question the value of equipment both more and less costly than itself. It may even
render certain categories superfluous.
The Canon EOS-1Ds Mark II is, beyond doubt, a landmark. When the EOS-1Ds was
introduced in 2002, there was no direct competitor for its speed, image quality and
ruggedness. The 1Ds Mark II boasts dramatic improvements in resolution, image quality,
speed, user interface and noise. It, too, is without peer.
Canon continues to offer a complete professional photographic system. The high speed
EOS-1D and the high-resolution EOS-1Ds have now been superseded by the EOS-1D
Mark II and the EOS-1Ds Mark II. The new cameras are faster, easier to use, have
astonishing improvements in detail and image quality, and represent dramatic
increases in value over their predecessors. What a splendid pair they are: the EOS-1D
Mark II is the professional standard; the EOS-1Ds Mark II is clearly the pinnacle of
digital SLR design and performance.
Contents ©2004 by Canon U.S.A., Inc. All Rights Reserved. Excerpts from this material may be quoted in
published product reviews and articles. For further information, please contact Canon U.S.A., Inc. Public
Relations Dept., (516) 328-5000.
V. CONCLUSION
25