TM GX POWER AMPLIFIER SERIES User Manual GX3 300 watts per channel at 8 ohms GX5 500 watts per channel at 8 ohms GX7 725 watts per channel at 8 ohms EN TD-000271-00 REV. D *TD-000271-00* IMPORTANT SAFETY PRECAUTIONS AND EXPLANATION OF SYMBOLS EN 2 1- Read these instructions. 2- Keep these instructions. 3- Heed all warnings. 4- Follow all instructions. 5- WARNING: To prevent fire or electric shock, do not expose this equipment to rain or moisture. Do not use this apparatus near water. 6- Clean only with a dry cloth. 7- Do not block any ventilation openings. Install in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. 8- D o not install near any heat sources such as radiators, heat registers, stoves, or other apparatus (including amplifiers) that produce heat. 9- The appliance coupler is the AC mains disconnect and should remain readily operable after installation. 10- Do not defeat the safety purpose of the grounding-type plug. A grounding plug has two blades and a grounding prong. The wide blade or third prong are provided for your safety. If the provided plug does not fit your outlet, consult an electrician for the replacement of the obsolete outlet. This apparatus should be connected to a receptacle with a protective earthing (or ground) connection. 11- Protect the power cord from being walked on or pinched, particularly at plugs, convenience receptacles, and the point where they exit from the apparatus. 12- Use only attachments/accessories specified by QSC Audio Products, LLC 13- Use only with hardware, brackets, stands, and components sold with the apparatus or by QSC Audio Products, LLC 14- Unplug the apparatus during lightning storms or when unused for long periods of time. 15- R efer all servicing to qualified service personnel. Servicing is required when the apparatus has been damaged in any way, such as power supply cord or plug is damaged, liquid has been spilled or objects have fallen into the apparatus, the apparatus has been exposed to rain or moisture, does not operate normally, or has been dropped. ! The exclamation point within an equilateral triangle is intended to alert the user to the presence of important operating and maintenance (servicing) instructions in this manual. The lightning flash with arrowhead symbol within an equilateral triangle is intended to alert the user to the presence of uninsulated “dangerous” voltage within the product’s enclosure that may be of sufficient magnitude to constitute a risk of electric shock to humans. CAUTION: TO REDUCE THE RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK, DO NOT REMOVE THE COVER. NO USER-SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE. REFER SERVICING TO QUALIFIED PERSONNEL. WARNING: To prevent fire or electric shock, do not expose this equipment to rain or moisture. FCC INTERFERENCE STATEMENT NOTE: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a class B digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and if not installed and used in accordance to the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by switching the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures: Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna. Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver. Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected. Consult the dealer or an experienced radio or TV technician for help. © Copyright 2010, QSC Audio Products, LLC QSC® is a registered trademark of QSC Audio Products, LLC “QSC” and the QSC logo are registered with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office All trademarks are the property of Speakon® and PowerCon® are registered trademarks of Neutrik LLC their respective owners. 3 GX POWER AMPLIFIER SERIES Professional Power Amplifiers WELCOME Thank you for purchasing a QSC Audio amplifier. The GX Series is the latest in a long line of hard-working, low cost amplifiers, designed to produce the best possible results for a wide range of users. In most cases, you can plug and play with no surprises, but for best results, we recommend you review the enclosed user guide. EN UNPACKING Confirm that the amplifier has no visible shipping damage. Confirm that amplifier has the correct AC cord and voltage rating for your region (See rear panel, Serial Number plate). It is best to keep the carton in case the amplifier needs to be returned, at least until it has been tested. FEATURES SUPPORT AND SERVICE Optimized for maximum real-world headroom into 4Ω and 8Ω speaker systems. QSC Audio Products maintains a world-wide network of distributors and service centers. These local agencies will be able to answer your questions and take care of any problems. QSC WEBSITE Our website, www.qscaudio.com, is factory-maintained and supported in multiple languages. Visit frequently for new announcements, typical questions, and other user information. IMPORTANT SAFETY PRECAUTIONS QSC products are designed for safe operation, and have been certified by recognized product safety agencies to meet all normal standards for this type of product. However, dangerous voltages and power levels exist within the covers of this amplifier. The user is requested to study the precautions in this manual. If the product has been dropped, dented, soaked, or appears to have loose parts inside, the risk of shock is increased. Unplug the AC cord, and take the product to qualified service personnel for inspection and repairs. Power levels matched to the most popular speakers used by entertainers. Inputs: XLR, 1/4” TRS and phono input connectors for compatibility with any source. utputs: Speakon® combo accepts 1/4” (TS) plugs or O Speakon 2-pole and 4-pole plugs (connects 2 poles only). Binding posts support all other speaker wiring systems. inimum depth chassis (only 10.1” / 257 mm) fits in M compact, inexpensive effects racks. Light weight – less than 26 lbs (12.5 kg). Detented gain controls for precise setting and matching of sensitivity. GuardRail automatically protects the amplifier and loudspeakers from damage due to temperature rise or overdrive without shutting down the show. Front panel LEDs monitor Power, Signal and Clipping. POWER RATINGS Subwoofer / Satellite crossover built-in. Watts at 0.1% clipping, both channels driven Model 8 ohms 4 ohms 2 ohms* GX3 300 425 200 GX5 500 700 350 GX7 725 1000 600 *NOTE: 2-ohm loading is not recommended for high power use. To avoid protective limiting, use only at low levels. 4 FRONT PANEL FEATURES MODEL NUMBER ON-OFF SWITCH Move the rocker switch up to turn on the amplifier. The blue PWR LED will turn on immediately. The red CLIP LEDs may trigger for 1-2 seconds until the amp has completed its turn-on cycle. If no lights come on, check the power cord and the AC reset on the rear panel. COOLING VENTS The internal fan moves air through the chassis to reduce temperature rise. Keep vents clear. The fan speeds up in response to heavy use. EN inches (cm) The GX3, GX5, and GX7 power ratings are shown on the Specifications page. 5 GAIN CONTROLS, CH1, CH2 The markings show attenuation in dB. For normal use, keep the control in the upper half of its range (less than 10 dB of attenuation). If set below half, the source may overload before the amplifier reaches full power. RACK MOUNTING Fits standard 19-inch rack, 2RU. Accepts #10 or 6 mm screws, as determined by the rack rails. Add rear support to prevent damage in portable rigs. EN RED CLIP LEDS Red flashing indicates the amp is being overdriven. Heavy overdrive triggers internal gain reduction, to reduce overload distortion. Normal gain will resume after the signal level returns to normal. See Troubleshooting if the red LED remains on continuously. GREEN SIGNAL LEDS The green LED starts flashing on soft signals (-35 dB), and changes to steady green as the signal level increases. BLUE POWER LED The blue PWR (POWER) LED indicates that the AC switch is on, and the amp is receiving power. Within two seconds, it is ready to use. ALTERNATE GAIN MARKING When the CROSSOVER switch is active (see rear panel), LF (CH 1) controls low frequencies (subwoofer), HF (CH 2) controls the high frequencies (mid-high box). 6 REAR PANEL FEATURES CROSSOVER SWITCH CROSSOVER POSITION EXHAUST VENT Keep vent clear. Install in open-back rack. Splits a full-range signal to drive a subwoofer and top box. CH 1 receives the lows, from 20-100Hz, for the subwoofer. CH 2 receives 100Hz to 20kHz, to power a full range speaker. When using CROSSOVER mode, connect signal to CH 1 only. Use the two Gain controls to balance the LF and HF signals (see Front Panel). EN FULL RANGE POSITION For normal, 2-channel use with all inputs active. The crossover is bypassed. REAR EAR MOUNTING Rear ears designed for protecting the rear connector wire dressing and supporting the amplifier in a rack. A rear rack support mounting kit (model FG-000031-00 pack of two) is available from QSC Technical Services Group. INPUT CONNECTIONS BALANCED XLR INPUTS Pin 2 Positive, Pin 3 Negative, Pin 1 Shield (Ground). Recommended for long or short runs, either fixed or frequently changed. Each channel’s XLR and TRS jacks are connected internally, and provide feed thru to the other connector. BALANCED 1/4-INCH TRS INPUTS Tip positive, Ring Negative, Sleeve Shield (Ground). Recommended for long or short runs that are frequently changed. UNBALANCED 1/4-INCH TS INPUTS Accepts unbalanced 1/4-inch plugs for short runs. Tip positive, Sleeve Shield (Ground). UNBALANCED PHONO INPUTS Tip Positive, Barrel Shield (Ground). Recommended for semi-permanent connections to nearby sources, within the same rack. NOTE: when using these inputs, the TRS or XLR inputs should not be used. 7 AC BREAKER RESET If the amplifier shuts off after a long burst of power, turn off the AC switch and check the circuit breaker. The button can be pressed back in after a 30 second cool-down period. If the breaker trips repeatedly, the amplifier may need servicing. SERIAL NUMBER AND RATINGS The rated AC voltage and output power is shown on the serial number plate. Record the serial number in a safe place. EN AC INLET SPEAKER CONNECTIONS BINDING POSTS Accepts banana plugs (not permitted in CE regions). Bare wires or terminals may be inserted into the side holes. 1/4-INCH CONNECTORS Insert plug into the center of the Speakon-Combo jack. Use only heavy duty speaker cables. SPEAKON CABLES (2 wire type): Insert and turn until the connector clicks. Use the thumb latch or locking ring to release the plug. SYSTEM HOOKUP EXAMPLES EN 8 SYSTEM HOOKUP EXAMPLES 9 EN 10 TROUBLESHOOTING NO POWER, NO LIGHTS, NO FAN Confirm that the AC cord is fully seated and connected to a live outlet. Check the AC source by trying another device such as a lamp. Check the BREAKER on the back of the amplifier by pushing in the button. If the breaker trips off quickly, the amplifier needs servicing. AMPLIFIER LOSES VOLUME EN NO SOUND, WITH BLUE LED ONLY, NO GREEN OR RED LED Confirm that the Gain controls are turned up. Confirm that the input cables are correctly installed at both ends. If using 1/4-inch speaker cables, do not confuse with input cables. Confirm that the source is active. If necessary, try another source, or connect another amplifier to the existing source. If the amplifier is worked too hard, GuardRail™ will reduce volume to prevent thermal muting. The fan should be running at full speed. Reduce input signal somewhat and the amp should return to normal gain within 1-2 minutes. If the amp feels hot and the fan is not running, it needs to be serviced. NO SOUND, BUT THE GREEN LED IS RESPONDING CHANNEL 1 PRODUCES DEEP BASS ONLY. The amp mutes briefly when turned on and off to prevent thumps. If the amp overheats severely, it will mute until it cools off. The fan will be running at full speed, and sound should resume in less than a minute. If the amp feels hot and the fan is not running, it needs to be serviced. Check the position of the CROSSOVER switch on the rear panel. Set on FULL RANGE for normal, independent use of each channel. CHANNEL 2 INPUT SEEMS DEAD. Check the position of the CROSSOVER switch on the rear panel. Set on FULL RANGE for normal, independent use of each channel. AMPLIFIER SOUNDS DISTORTED. If the red CLIP LED is flashing, the amplifier is being played beyond its normal rated power. GuardRail™ circuitry will reduce volume somewhat to prevent severe overdrive, but if the input signal is further increased, the limiter can be overridden, with increased distortion. If the speakers or speaker cables are shorted or defective, the amplifier may distort at lower-than-normal levels, with increased flashing of the red CLIP LED. This should be checked by trying an alternate speaker and cable. If too many speakers are connected to each channel (impedance below 4 ohms), the amp will overload more easily and will probably run hot. If the sound is distorted or garbled without flashing the red CLIP LED, the distortion is not occurring inside the amplifier. Either the speaker is bad or the input signal is distorted. • Confirm that the speaker is OK by trying a different unit. • Input overload can occur if the amplifier Gain controls are set too low, and the input source is overdriven to compensate Reduce the source volume until the distortion clears up, and increase amp Gain to reach the desired level. It is generally desireable to keep the amp gains at or near their full, clockwise, position. • Check all input connections. Do not plug two different sources into the same channel. Use a mixer to blend sources. The green LED indicates the amp is producing a signal, so sound should be heard if the speaker is connected. Check the speaker connections at both ends, and try a different speaker. NO SOUND, RED LED ON BACKGROUND HUM Balanced XLR or TRS cables are better for long runs. Hum can be a problem when connecting to TV-cable rigs, since the TV cable often creates a ground conflict. Request or install a TVcable isolator to reduce this problem. Hum can also occur earlier in the signal chain, depending on the types of connections. It often helps to plug everything into the same AC strip, if the total power consumption is not excessive. As a last resort, mild hum can sometimes be reduced by lowering the amp gain, and increasing the source gain to compensate, but you must ensure that the source can deliver the extra volume without overload distortion. If this does not reduce hum, it is coming from the source. AMPLIFIER NEEDS SERVICING The following conditions indicate possible unsafe conditions that require service before using. If observed, unplug the AC cord from the wall and when safe, remove the amp for servicing. • If the amplifier emits smoke or burning smells • If the case is severely dented or deformed • If the amplifier is soaked with any fluid • If internal parts sound loose • If the AC breaker trips when power is applied • If the amplifier is dropped, carefully inspect for damage or loose parts before attempting to use. 11 SPECIFICATIONS GX3 GX5 GX7 8Ω, both channels driven 300 W 500 W 725W 8Ω, single channel driven 350 W 600 W 800W 4Ω, both channels driven 425 W 700 W 1000W 4Ω, single channel driven 500 W 850 W 1200W 2Ω, both channels driven, 1% clipping 200 W 350 W 600W SIGNAL TO NOISE (20 Hz – 20 kHz) 100 dB INPUT SENSITIVITY VOLTAGE GAIN AT 8Ω 1.2 Vrms 32.2 dB 34.4 dB 36.1 dB OUTPUT CIRCUITRY Class B 2-tier Class H 2-tier Class H POWER REQUIREMENTS (1/8 power, pink noise at 4Ω 120 V AC) 6.3 A 6 A 11.5 A DISTORTION (1 dB below rated power, 1 kHz) 8Ω, less than 0.02% 4Ω, less than 0.05% FREQUENCY RESPONSE 20 – 20kHz, +0, -1dB DYNAMIC HEADROOM, 4Ω 2dB INPUT IMPEDANCE Greater than 20K ohms (balanced or unbalanced) MAXIMUM INPUT LEVEL +24 dB (16 Vrms) INPUT CONNECTORS, each channel 3-pin XLR and 1/4” TRS, balanced, parallel Phono, unbalanced OUTPUT CONNECTORS, each channel Speakon®, 1/4”, Binding Posts AMPLIFIER AND LOAD PROTECTION Short circuit, open circuit, thermal, RF protection Load protected against DC faults CONTROLS AND INDICATORS, FRONT PANEL Gain controls, 21 detents Red Clip LEDs, proportional, 0.1% THD threshold. Green Signal LEDs, threshold -35 dB Blue Power LED, AC-on. CONTROLS, REAR PANEL Full Range / Crossover switch 100 Hz, 3rd order LP (sub), 2nd order HP (top). DIMENSIONS (HWD) 3.5” (2RU) x 19” x 10.1” (89 mm x 483 mm x 257 mm) WEIGHT – Shipping / Net 31 / 27 lbs (14.1 / 12.1 kg) AGENCY APPROVALS UL, CE, RoHS / WEEE compliant. Meets FCC Class B EMI limits. SPECIFICATION SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE. OUTPUT POWER, 1 kHz, 0.1 % clipping 32 / 28 lbs (14.6 / 12.6 kg) EN 22 / 17 lbs (10 / 7.7 kg) AC POWER CONSUMPTION 1/8 power, ohms (AC Current and Heating, 120Vac) GX3 Operating Condition AC amps GX5 BTU / hr AC amps GX7 BTU / hr AC amps BTU / hr Idle 0.2 44 0.3 60 0.6 82 8 + 8 ohms, 1/8 power (1) 4.1 904 3.3 734 7.6 1183 8 + 8 ohms, 1/3 power (2) 6.1 1160 8.5 1456 13.4 1807 8 + 8 ohms, full power (3) 9.75 1109 16.2 1891 26.5 2167 4 + 4 ohms, 1/8 power (1) 6.3 1515 5.8 1160 11.5 1908 4 + 4 ohms, 1/3 power (2) 9.4 2105 11.2 2162 18.5 2612 4 + 4 ohms, full power (3) 15.0 2297 24.5 3754 39.4 4478 (1) 1/8 power represents typical operating conditions. (3) Full power is breaker limited to short periods. (2) 1/3 power represents peak program levels. (4) For 230V, multiply AC current by 0.5. For 100V, multiply AC current by 1.25. WARRANTY (USA only; other countries, see your dealer or distributor) Disclaimer QSC Audio Products, LLC is not liable for any damage to amplifiers or any other equipment that is caused by negligence or improper installation and/or use of this loudspeaker product. EN QSC Audio Products 3 Year Limited Warranty QSC Audio Products, LLC ( QSC ) guarantees its products to be free from defective material and / or workmanship for a period of three (3) years from date of sale, and will replace defective parts and repair malfunctioning products under this warranty when the defect occurs under normal installation and use - provided the unit is returned to our factory or one of our authorized service stations via prepaid transportation with a copy of proof of purchase (i.e., sales receipt). This warranty provides that the examination of the return product must indicate, in our judgment, a manufacturing defect. This warranty does not extend to any product which has been subjected to misuse, neglect, accident, improper installation, or where the date code has been removed or defaced. QSC shall not be liable for incidental and/or consequential damages. This warranty gives you specific legal rights. This limited warranty is freely transferable during the term of the warranty period. Customer may have additional rights, which vary from state to state. In the event that this product was manufactured for export and sale outside of the United States or its territories, then this limited warranty shall not apply. Removal of the serial number on this product, or purchase of this product from an unauthorized dealer, will void this limited warranty. Periodically, this warranty is updated. To obtain the most recent version of QSC’s warranty statement, please visit www.qscaudio.com. Contact us at 800-854-4079 or visit our website at www.qscaudio.com. How to Contact QSC Audio Products Mailing address: QSC Audio Products, LLC 1675 MacArthur Boulevard Costa Mesa, CA 92626-1468 USA Telephone Numbers: Main Number (714) 754-6175 Sales & Marketing (714) 957-7100 or toll free (USA only) (800) 854-4079 Customer Service (714) 957-7150 or toll free (USA only) (800) 772-2834 Facsimile Numbers: Sales & Marketing FAX (714) 754-6174 Customer Service FAX (714) 754-6173 World Wide Web: www.qscaudio.com E-mail: email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org TM QSC Audio Products, LLC 1675 MacArthur Boulevard Costa Mesa, California 92626 USA ©2007 “QSC” and the QSC logo are registered with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.
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