Acer DAC960PG Network Card User Manual

DAC960PG™ and DAC960PJ™
PCI to Ultra SCSI
RAID Controllers
Installation Guide
Part Number 775012-02
08P4078
© Copyright 2000 Mylex Corporation.
All Rights Reserved.
All contents of this manual are copyrighted by Mylex
Corporation. The information contained herein is the
exclusive property of Mylex Corporation and shall not be
copied, transferred, photocopied, translated on paper, film,
electronic media, or computer-readable form; or otherwise
reproduced in any way, without the express written
permission of Mylex Corporation.
Greetings
Thank you for purchasing the Mylex DAC960PG™ or DAC960PJ™ controller. This
manual describes the installation of the Mylex DAC960PG/PJ controllers. Requests for
technical information about this and other Mylex Corporation products should be made to
your Mylex authorized reseller or Mylex sales representative.
Please Notice
IBM, Mylex, RAID EzAssist, Global Array Manager, GAM, DAC960PG, and DAC960PJ
are trademarks or registered trademarks of International Business Machines Corp. and its
subsidiaries. Microsoft, MS-DOS, and Windows are registered trademarks of the
Microsoft Corporation. Novell is a registered trademark of Novell corporation. LSI and
Symbios are registered trademarks of LSI Logic Corporation. Other names that are
trademarks may be used herein for the purpose of identifying the products or services of
their respective owners. Unless otherwise noted, companies, names, and data used in
examples herein are fictitious.
Our Policy
Although reasonable efforts have been made to assure the accuracy of the information
contained herein, this publication could include technical inaccuracies or typographical
errors. Mylex Corporation expressly disclaims liability for any error in this information,
and for damages, whether direct, indirect, special, exemplary, consequential or otherwise,
that may result from such error, including but not limited to loss of profits resulting from
the use or misuse of the manual or information contained therein (even if Mylex Corporation has been advised of the possibility of such damages). Any questions or comments
regarding this document or its contents should be addressed to Mylex Corporation at the
address shown on the cover.
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such provisions are inconsistent with local law:
MYLEX CORPORATION PROVIDES THIS PUBLICATION “AS IS” WITHOUT
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NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR
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About This Manual
This installation guide covers hardware set-up and configuration procedures
necessary for the installation of Mylex DAC960PG and DAC960PJ PCI to
Ultra SCSI RAID controllers.
Chapter 1 describes the controllers, standard package contents, and usersupplied items necessary for installation.
Chapter 2 describes steps to be performed prior to controller installation.
Chapter 3 describes installation of the controller.
Chapter 4 describes controller start-up and BIOS options.
Appendix A describes the Battery Backup Unit option.
Appendix B provides the hardware and environmental specifications.
Appendix C describes error messages and how to identify problems.
Appendix D provides regulatory information, certifications, and warnings.
Conventions
Throughout the manual, the following conventions are used to describe user
interaction with the product:
prompt
This style of type indicates screen display messages
Enter
Press the key labeled “Enter” (or “Delete,” etc.)
☛ Note
A Note is supplementary information that can have an
effect on system performance
 Caution
A Caution is a notification that a proscribed action has
the potential to adversely affect equipment operation,
system performance, or data integrity
 WARNING
A Warning is a notification that a proscribed
action will definitely result in equipment damage,
data loss, or personal injury
Contents
Chapter 1
Introduction ........................................................................................ 1-1
Product Description ........................................................................... 1-1
Controller Features and Functions ............................................. 1-2
Operating System Support ......................................................... 1-2
Standard Package Contents ............................................................. 1-3
Hardware .................................................................................... 1-3
Software ..................................................................................... 1-3
User-supplied Items .......................................................................... 1-4
Chapter 2
Preinstallation Planning ............................................................... 2-1
SCSI Termination .............................................................................. 2-2
SCSI Cabling ..................................................................................... 2-4
SCSI Drive Preparation ..................................................................... 2-5
Mixing Narrow and Wide SCSI Devices ............................................ 2-5
Chapter 3
Installation .......................................................................................... 3-1
Before You Begin .............................................................................. 3-1
Connectors and Jumpers .................................................................. 3-2
External SCSI Connectors ......................................................... 3-3
Safety Considerations ....................................................................... 3-4
Installing the Controller ...................................................................... 3-5
Chapter 4
Controller Start-up .......................................................................... 4-1
BIOS Options Sequence ................................................................... 4-1
Setting BIOS Options ................................................................ 4-2
BIOS Configuration Utility (RAID EzAssist) ....................................... 4-4
Operating System .............................................................................. 4-4
Operating System Device Drivers ..................................................... 4-4
Global Array Manager (GAM) Server ................................................ 4-4
Global Array Manager (GAM) Client .................................................. 4-5
In Case of Problems .......................................................................... 4-5
Manual No. 775012
v
Appendix A
Battery Backup Unit Option ........................................................A-1
Product Description ...........................................................................A-1
Features .....................................................................................A-1
Installation .........................................................................................A-2
Operation ...........................................................................................A-5
Battery Conditioning Prior to Use ...............................................A-5
Set-up – Enabling the Write-Back Cache ...................................A-5
Battery Backup Capacity ............................................................A-5
Maintenance ......................................................................................A-6
Removing the Battery Backup Module .......................................A-6
Functional Description .......................................................................A-7
General Operational Description ................................................A-7
Status Indication .........................................................................A-7
Battery and Charge Circuit .........................................................A-8
Recycling the Battery .................................................................A-8
BBU Specifications ............................................................................A-9
Onboard Battery .........................................................................A-9
Battery Charge Life ....................................................................A-9
External Battery ..........................................................................A-9
Module Dimensions ....................................................................A-9
Environmental ............................................................................A-9
Appendix B
DAC960PG and DAC960PJ Specifications ...........................B-1
General Hardware Specifications ......................................................B-1
DAC960PG .................................................................................B-1
DAC960PJ ..................................................................................B-2
Physical and Environmental Specifications ......................................B-3
Appendix C
Error Messages ................................................................................ C-1
Start-up Error Messages ................................................................... C-1
Drive Check Error Messages ............................................................ C-1
Installation Abort ............................................................................... C-2
NVRAM Error ............................................................................ C-3
System Reboot or Power Down Messages ...................................... C-3
Appendix D
Enclosure Management ............................................................... D-1
Introduction ....................................................................................... D-1
SAF-TE ............................................................................................. D-1
vi
DAC960PG and DAC960PJ Installation
Appendix E
Regulatory Information .................................................................E-1
Class B Compliance ..........................................................................E-1
Declaration of Conformity ..................................................................E-2
Declaration of Conformity ..................................................................E-3
Community of Europe ........................................................................E-4
Underwriters Laboratories Listing and Warning ................................E-5
Glossary .............................................................................................. G-1
Manual No. 775012
vii
viii
DAC960PG and DAC960PJ Installation
Chapter 1
Introduction
This chapter covers:
• Product description
• Standard package contents
• User supplied items
Figure 1-1. DAC960PG or DAC960PJ Disk Array Controller
Product Description
The Mylex DAC960PG™ and DAC960PJ™ controllers are 32-bit PCI to
Ultra SCSI RAID controllers designed for high performance file servers.
With up to 3 Ultra SCSI drive channels, and support for a cache memory
battery backup (full-length card models only), these controllers provide the
speed and functionality required by high demand server platforms.
Manual No. 775012
1-1
Product Description
Controller Features and Functions
Features of the DAC960PG and DAC960PJ controllers include:
• Ultra SCSI drive channels that support RAID levels 0, 1, 3, 5, 0+1, 10,
30, and 50
• Single-Ended Wide Ultra SCSI (Fast 20) drive support
• High performance RISC processor and EDO ECC DRAM cache (4MB
to 128MB) for high speed, fault tolerant I/O transfers
• 512KB, 8-bit flash EEPROM for BIOS and code supports future
enhancements through firmware upgrades
• Built-in configuration utilities in BIOS (with firmware 4.06 and above)
• A Battery Backup (BBU) option to protect data in cache during power
loss is available for full-length card models
Operating System Support
MS-DOS 5.x, 6.x and above are supported using drivers that reside in the
DAC960PG or DAC960PJ BIOS. Many other popular operating systems are
supported using software drivers in the Disk Array Controller Software Kit
that is included with the DAC960PG or DAC960PJ controller (see the
PCI Disk Array Controller Drivers Installation Guide and User Manual).
1-2
DAC960PG and DAC960PJ Installation
Introduction
Standard Package Contents
The following items are supplied with the standard shipping package:
Hardware
• DAC960PG or DAC960PJ Disk Array Controller with documentation
• Battery Backup (BBU) port loopback terminator plug, or...
• Optional Battery Backup Unit (BBU)
☛ Note
A loopback terminator plug must be installed on the
DAC960PG or DAC960PJ controller’s BBU
connector if the optional BBU is not present.
Software
• RAID EzAssist disk array controller configuration utility with
documentation on CD-ROM and a printed Quick Configuration Guide.
• Software Kit driver diskettes with documentation on CD-ROM and a
printed PCI Drivers Installation Guide.
• Optional Global Array Manager (GAM) Client and Server software
and documentation on CD-ROM
Figure 1-2. Standard Package Contents
Manual No. 775012
1-3
User-supplied Items
User-supplied Items
The following user-supplied items are required to perform this installation:
• IBM-PC™ compatible host system with an available PCI slot (PCI 2.1
compliant)
• Network operating system software (as required)
• SCSI cables to connect the controller and disk drives
• Static grounding strap or electrostatic discharge (ESD) safe work area
• Disk array enclosure (or equivalent) and SCSI disk drives
1-4
DAC960PG and DAC960PJ Installation
Chapter 2
Preinstallation Planning
This chapter covers:
• SCSI termination
• SCSI cabling
• SCSI drive preparation
• Limitations on mixing Narrow and Wide SCSI drives
Mylex Disk Array Controllers are designed to work in a variety of SCSI
RAID application environments. Certain configuration steps need to be
performed prior to installing the controller into a RAID environment.
Manual No. 775012
2-1
SCSI Termination
SCSI Termination
The DAC960PG and DAC960PJ are equipped with automatic SCSI
termination circuitry. If the controller is at the end of a SCSI bus, it
automatically enables on-board termination.
If all the SCSI devices on a channel are connected either to an internal
connector of a channel, or to an external connector of a channel, the end of
the SCSI bus farthest from the controller must have a terminator installed. In
this case, the controller automatically enables on-board termination. See
Figure 2-1 for examples of internal or external drive configurations.
If some SCSI devices are connected to the internal connector of a channel,
and some are connected to the external connector of the same channel, the
two ends of the SCSI bus farthest from the controller must each be
terminated. In this case, the controller automatically disables on-board
termination. See Figure 2-1 for an example of an internal/external drive
configuration.
2-2
DAC960PG and DAC960PJ Installation
Preinstallation Planning
Figure 2-1. DAC960 Controller Termination Examples
☛ Note
For this discussion, assume that the illustrated internal
and external connectors are both on the same channel.
It is better to terminate the ends of the SCSI bus itself
than it is to terminate the end devices on the bus. This
allows hot swap devices to be added or removed from
the SCSI bus without affecting termination.
Manual No. 775012
2-3
SCSI Cabling
SCSI Cabling
Each Ultra SCSI channel supports up to 15 drives.
The total allowable SCSI bus lengths will be limited to the single-ended bus
lengths shown in Table 2-1.
Table 2-1. Supported SCSI Formats and Bus Lengths
SCSI Drive Type*
Bus Speed, Bus Width, Bus Length, Drives** per
Max.(MB/Sec)
(Bits)
Max.(Meters) Channel, Max.
SCSI-1
5
8
6
Fast SCSI
Fast Wide SCSI
7
10
8
3
7
20
16
3
15
Ultra SCSI
20
8
1.5
7
Ultra SCSI
20
8
3
3
Wide Ultra SCSI
40
16
—
15†
Wide Ultra SCSI
40
16
1.5
7
Wide Ultra SCSI
40
16
3
3
* SCSI Trade Association terms.
** The SCSI ID reserved for the RAID controller is not included in this total.
† The maximum number of devices allowed on a Wide Ultra SCSI channel is 8
including the controller, unless bus extender technology is used.
2-4
DAC960PG and DAC960PJ Installation
Preinstallation Planning
SCSI Drive Preparation
Prepare the drives for installation as follows:
• Remove any terminators attached to the drive or set any drive
termination jumpers to the disabled position.
• Set the SCSI addresses on the drives.
☛ Note
Each drive on a channel must have a unique ID
chosen from 0 through 6 or 8 through 15. ID 7 cannot
be used as a drive ID because it is reserved for the
controller.
• Enable term power on the drives.
Refer to the drive manual for specific information about drive configuration
settings.
To get best performance from the controller, the SCSI drives should be
equally distributed across the SCSI channels, and the controller’s data
transfer rate should be set to the optimum rate for the drives being used.
Mixing Narrow and Wide SCSI Devices
Narrow and Wide SCSI devices must not be mixed on a single channel. If
mixing Narrow and Wide SCSI devices is desired, at least one channel must
be dedicated to Narrow SCSI, and at least one channel must be dedicated to
Wide SCSI.
Manual No. 775012
2-5
Mixing Narrow and Wide SCSI Devices
2-6
DAC960PG and DAC960PJ Installation
Chapter 3
Installation
This chapter covers:
• Preparation
• Connectors and Jumpers
• Safety Considerations
• Controller Installation Procedures
Before You Begin
Installing a Mylex DAC960 PCI to Ultra SCSI RAID controller is no more
difficult than installing any PCI adapter. Follow these steps and then follow
the installation procedures in this chapter.
 WARNING
Disconnect the system from the electrical wall
outlet before opening the system cabinet. Working
with the system covers off and power applied to the
system can result in shock and serious injury.
1. Read all of the instructions in this chapter completely before proceeding. Follow the Notes, Cautions, and Warnings described in this
manual and marked on the equipment.
2. Power off the system and disconnect the power cables before starting
the installation.
3. Follow electrostatic discharge (ESD) safety procedures. Use grounded
wrist straps or ESD-safe footwear, and work in an ESD-safe area.
4. Perform a safety check on the installation before powering on the
system.
• Make sure that all of the cabling Pin 1 locations are correct and that
all cables are firmly seated in the connectors.
• Make sure all SCSI conventions (cable type, cable length,
termination, SCSI IDs, etc.) are followed.
Manual No. 775012
3-1
Connectors and Jumpers
Connectors and Jumpers
Up to three Ultra SCSI channels are supported on the DAC960PG and
DAC960PJ. The SCSI connector locations are shown in Figure 3-1.
Be sure that the Jumper JP6 has a jumper installed (see Figure 3-1 and
Table 3-1).
Figure 3-1. Full-length Controller Component Layout
Table 3-1. Full-length Controller Jumper and Connector Descriptions
Component
Default Setting
JP4
Connector for optional front panel LED harness
JP5
Serial Port Connector
JP6
Reserved
J5
3-2
Description
–
–
Installed
Battery Backup connector – If a BBU is not
installed, a loopback plug must be installed in
this socket.
Installed at
factory
DAC960PG and DAC960PJ Installation
Installation
External SCSI Connectors
The external connectors on the controller are female, Very High Density
Cable Interconnect (VHDCI) connectors. Figure 3-2 shows the
configurations that are available on both the DAC960PG and the
DAC960PJ.
A
DAC960PG
1-Channel
B
DAC960PG
2-, 3-Channel
DAC960PJ
2-, 3-Channel
Figure 3-2. Configurations of 1, 2, and 3 External SCSI Connectors
Manual No. 775012
3-3
Safety Considerations
Safety Considerations
Be sure to observe the following precautions before beginning the controller
installation procedure:
 Caution
Anti-static handling procedures are required. Leave
the controller in its anti-static bag until it is time to
plug the controller into the PCI slot. The use of a
grounded wrist strap and other ESD protective
measures are highly recommended.
 WARNING
Disconnect the system from the electrical wall
outlet before opening the system cabinet. Working
with the system covers off and power applied to the
system can result in shock and serious injury.
3-4
DAC960PG and DAC960PJ Installation
Installation
Installing the Controller
☛ Note
If a Battery Backup Unit (BBU) is to be installed, it
should be done before the controller is installed into
the host system. Refer to Appendix A for information
on installing the BBU.
Follow these steps:
1. Power-off all enclosures and the system components and disconnect
their power cords.
2. Remove the covers or the cabinet as necessary to access the I/O slots on
the system board.
3. Choose a vacant PCI slot and remove the metal cover plate from the
slot’s access port (usually at the back of the cabinet). Save the retaining
screw.
4. Plug the controller firmly into the PCI slot so that the controller’s
external connectors can be accessed through the access port. Use the
retaining screw to secure the controller by its mounting bracket.
5. Connect the cables from the disk array(s) to the drive channel port(s)
on the controller.
6. Look to confirm that all drive channels in use are properly terminated.
7. Safety check the installation.
8. Reconnect the power but DO NOT POWER ON the system at this time.
9. Proceed to the next chapter.
Manual No. 775012
3-5
Installing the Controller
3-6
DAC960PG and DAC960PJ Installation
Chapter 4
Controller Start-up
This chapter describes:
• BIOS Options
• BIOS Configuration Utility (RAID EzAssist)
• Operating System, Device Drivers, GAM
• What to Check in Case of Problems
This chapter describes the DAC960PG and DAC960PJ controller start-up
procedures and messages produced by the BIOS during start-up or re-boot.
This chapter also explains three BIOS options that are available for
configuring controller operation.
BIOS Options Sequence
After physically installing the controller and connecting the cabling, do the
following if you need to set or modify the BIOS options (see “Setting BIOS
Options” on page 4-2 for details).
1. Power on the any drive enclosures connected to the controller.
2. Power on the computer.
3. Watch the messages on the screen for the following prompt to be
displayed:
Press <ALT-M> for BIOS options
4. Press Alt–M to get into the BIOS Options menu.
5. The BIOS Options menu provides the following items to choose from:
6. To select any of the items in the menu, highlight the selection with the
Up Arrow or Down Arrow. Press Enter to toggle any of the 3 items.
☛ Note
BIOS must be enabled to toggle the CD-ROM boot
and the Drive geometry parameters.
Manual No. 775012
4-1
BIOS Options Sequence
Setting BIOS Options
The available BIOS options are:
• BIOS disabled/enabled
• CD-ROM boot disabled/disabled
• 2GB/8GB drive geometry
BIOS Disable or Enable
This option must be enabled in order to toggle the CDROM boot and the
drive geometry parameters shown in the BIOS Options menu. The BIOS
must also be enabled in order to boot from any device (e.g., CD-ROM) or
system drive configured on the controller, or to access any DOS partition on
any drive configured on the controller.
When BIOS Disable or Enable is selected, the following message will be
displayed. Pressing any key will restart the system.
CD-ROM Boot Disable or Enable
The default for this option is for the CD-ROM boot to be disabled (e.g., the
system will boot from a hard drive, even if there is a bootable CD installed).
If the CD-ROM boot option is enabled, and if a bootable CD is installed in
the CD-ROM drive, the system can boot from the CD.
If the CD-ROM boot option is enabled, the CD-ROM will take priority over
the disk drives. For example, under MS-DOS, the disk drive that is normally
Drive C will become Drive D. All subsequent drive IDs will similarly be
moved down.
4-2
DAC960PG and DAC960PJ Installation
Controller Start-up
Enable 8GByte or 2GByte Drives
This setting affects how the BIOS reads the disk drives for the boot partition.
Drive geometries can be toggled between 8 GB and 2 GB. The default is 2
GB. When the drive geometry is changed, the drive should be formatted at
the operating system level.
 Caution
Changing this setting after data has been stored will
make the data unreadable. If you have already
configured your array and have stored data, you
should not change this setting.
The default BIOS geometry of the controller is set to 2 GB. This means that
the BIOS can only access the first 2 GB of any drive that has been configured
on the controller. This is adequate in most applications, since BIOS is only
used to boot the operating system. However, it does mean the operating
system must be installed in the first 2 GB of the capacity of the configured
drive. If this is not adequate, the BIOS geometry can be changed to 8 GB,
allowing the BIOS to access the first 8 GB of capacity.
As a rule of thumb, select 8 GB geometry if the following two cases apply:
1. You have a system (RAID) drive that is greater than 2.145 GB in
capacity.
2. The DOS/Windows compatible partitions could be located in an area
above the first 2.145 GB.
Otherwise the 2 GB option is fine.
Manual No. 775012
4-3
BIOS Configuration Utility (RAID EzAssist)
☛ Note
In the event that the RAID controller needs to be
replaced, the current drive geometry will be restored
from the configuration on disk (COD).
BIOS Configuration Utility (RAID EzAssist)
RAID EzAssist is the on-board BIOS Configuration Utility used to build
several types of RAID configurations. Refer to the RAID EzAssist
Configuration Utility User Reference Guide or RAID EzAssist Configuration
Utility Quick Configuration Guide for instructions on starting and using this
utility.
Operating System
If an operating system is not already installed on the system, it can be
installed on a system disk on the controller. The operating system is installed
along with the operating system device drivers.
Operating System Device Drivers
Device drivers that are compatible with the controller can be found in the
Software Kit. For details on how to install and load drivers, refer to the
PCI Disk Array Controller Drivers Installation Guide and User Manual.
Global Array Manager (GAM) Server
The Global Array Manager Server software supports a variety of operating
systems. For details on how to install GAM Server, refer to the appropriate
Global Array Manager Server Software Installation Guide and User
Manual.
4-4
DAC960PG and DAC960PJ Installation
Controller Start-up
Global Array Manager (GAM) Client
The controller can be configured using Global Array Manager Client. GAM
Client can also be used from the server or a system client to monitor status
and verify data integrity of disks connected to the controller while the
system and disks are running.
For details on how to install and run GAM Client, refer to the Global Array
Manager Client Software Installation Guide and User Manual.
In Case of Problems
If problems are encountered during start-up, check the following:
• Check SCSI cabling for loose connections, pin mismatches (make sure
pin 1 on the cable matches pin 1 on the connector), bent pins, and
damaged or crossed cables.
• Check cable length. This includes internal bus lengths in enclosures.
• Check termination.
• Check SCSI IDs on all drives.
Manual No. 775012
4-5
In Case of Problems
4-6
DAC960PG and DAC960PJ Installation
Appendix A
Battery Backup Unit Option
Product Description
The Battery Backup Unit (BBU) option is an add-on module that protects the
data in the RAID controller’s cache memory in the event of a power failure.
The battery backup module monitors the write back cache on the
DAC960PG and DAC960PJ and provides power to the cache if it contains
data not yet written to the drives when power is lost. The controller, with the
BBU installed, occupies only one PCI slot on the host backplane.
Features
Some of the new features of the BBU include:
• Gas gauge circuit for battery charge monitoring
• Quick charge to replenish a drained battery
• Support for low-power EDO ECC RAM modules
Figure A-1. BBU Components
Manual No. 775012
A-1
Installation
Installation
Tools Needed
The only tool needed for the installation is a small, flat-blade screwdriver.
Procedure
1. If the DAC960PG or DAC960PJ is not already removed from the
system, power down the system and then remove the DAC960PG or
DAC960PJ.
 WARNING
Disconnect the system from the electrical wall
outlet before opening the system cabinet. Working
with the system covers off and power applied to the
system can result in shock and serious injury.
2. Remove the loopback plug from J5 on the DAC960PG or DAC960PJ.
Keep the loopback plug in a safe place, in case the BBU needs to be
removed at a later time.
A-2
DAC960PG and DAC960PJ Installation Guide
Battery Backup Unit Option
Figure A-2. Removing the Loopback Plug
3. Remove the protective pin cover and peel-off label from J1 on the
BBU.
4. Leaving the 4 standoffs attached to the BBU, remove a nylon screw
from the free end of each nylon standoff.
Manual No. 775012
A-3
Installation
Figure A-3. Installing the BBU
5. Install the BBU so that J1 on the BBU connects to J5 on the
DAC960PG or DAC960PJ. Pin 1 on the BBU’s J1 must connect to hole
1 on the DAC960PG and DAC960PJ’s J5. The mounting holes on the
BBU will line up with the mounting holes on the DAC960PG or
DAC960PJ if the connectors are plugged in correctly.
6. Be sure the four standoffs line up with the four holes in the DAC960PG
or DAC960PJ. Place a nylon screw through a hole from the back of the
DAC960PG or DAC960PJ into a standoff, and turn the screw to the
right until it is snug (not too tight). Repeat this step with the remaining
three standoff screws.
A-4
DAC960PG and DAC960PJ Installation Guide
Battery Backup Unit Option
Operation
Battery Conditioning Prior to Use
Battery conditioning is automatic. There are no manual procedures for
battery conditioning or preconditioning to be performed by the user.
Set-up – Enabling the Write-Back Cache
The write-back cache is enabled by toggling the write-back/write-through
mode switch. The write-back/write-through mode switch is accessed in the
Onboard Configuration Utility, RAID EzAssist, or in GAM. Refer to the
RAID EzAssist Configuration Utility User Reference Guide or the Global
Array Manager Client Software Installation Guide and User Manual for
instructions on how to examine and change the mode switch.
Battery Backup Capacity
Battery backup capacity is defined as the maximum duration of a power
failure for which data in the cache can be maintained by the battery. The
BBU’s backup capacity varies with the memory configuration installed on
the DAC960PG or DAC960PJ. Battery backup capacity can be reasonably
expected according to Table A-1
Table A-1. BBU Capacity vs. Cache Memory Configuration
Capacity
Mem Type
Battery Backup Duration
Typical
Minimum
4 MB
EDO ECC RAM
72 hours
40 hours
8 MB
EDO ECC RAM
40 hours
20 hours
16 MB
EDO ECC RAM
68 hours
28 hours
32 MB
EDO ECC RAM
30 hours
14 hours
64 MB
EDO ECC RAM
35 hours
23 hours
128 MB
EDO ECC RAM
20 hours
12 hours
Manual No. 775012
A-5
Maintenance
Maintenance
No end user maintenance is required on the BBU. It is recommended,
however, that the battery charge level be periodically checked using the Gas
Gauge function in GAM (see the Global Array Manager Client Software
Installation Guide and User Manual).
Removing the Battery Backup Module
The battery backup module will need to be removed for one of the following
reasons:
1. The NiCd battery will no longer accept a charge properly (NiCd battery
life expectancy is approximately 5 years).
2. The cache memory needs to be removed from the DAC960PG or
DAC960PJ for replacement or upgrade.
When one of these conditions occur, observe the following precautions:
 WARNING
Replace the battery only with the same or
equivalent type of battery recommended by the
battery manufacturer. Dispose of used batteries
according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
 WARNING
Do not attempt to install, remove, or change a
cache SIMM on the DAC960PG or DAC960PJ
with the BBU installed. Serious damage to the
SIMM and/or the battery backup unit will occur
if this precaution is not followed.
 Caution
If you plan to operate your DAC960PG or DAC960PJ
without the BBU, be sure to reinstall the loopback
plug (see the “Mechanical Installation Procedure”
section and Figure A-2).
A-6
DAC960PG and DAC960PJ Installation Guide
Battery Backup Unit Option
Functional Description
General Operational Description
Whenever the system is running, the BBU is standing by, monitoring the
voltage level of VCC. In the event of a power failure, the VCC voltage level
will begin to drop. When the BBU detects this voltage drop, it checks the
status of the disk cache. If the cache is empty, the BBU does nothing.
If the cache contains data during a power failure, the BBU will maintain
cache data integrity until the power is restored. When power is restored and
the system finishes the bootstrap process, the cache contents will be written
to the disk array. The cache contents will then be flushed from the cache.
Status Indication
The status of the battery can be checked with the gas gauge feature that can
be accessed in GAM (version 2.1x or greater). The gas gauge appears on the
screen as two meters, a battery power meter and a charge level meter, each
calibrated from 0 to 100.
The battery power meter indicates the battery capacity in hours. It will
indicate a charge duration of up to 100 hours. The firmware will detect the
Mylex supplied SIMM and assign a value based upon the charge level of the
battery and the power consumption rate of the SIMM.
 Caution
Do not use SIMMs which are not supplied by Mylex.
The charge level meter displays the charge state of the battery expressed in
percent (100% indicates a fully charged battery).
When the meter on the right indicates the battery is fully charged, the meter
on the left will indicate the maximum time in hours that the battery can be
expected to maintain cache data integrity. This value will vary depending
upon which Mylex supplied SIMM is being used (see Table A-1).
☛ Note
When the charge level is 100%, the current number of
hours and maximum number of hours (printed out
below the left dial) will be equal.
Manual No. 775012
A-7
Functional Description
Battery and Charge Circuit
Onboard Battery
The onboard battery is rated at 3.6 v with a capacity of 650 mAH. The BBU
has a DC-DC converter that converts the 3.6 v from the battery to 5 v, which
is the nominal voltage needed to replace VCC if a power failure should occur.
Battery Charger
Battery charging and conditioning are automatically handled by the BBU.
No manual preconditioning needs to be performed by the user. If the battery
capacity falls below a predetermined level (which is likely to happen during
a power failure), the battery charger goes into a quick charge mode. If the
battery is fully charged, the charger goes into a trickle charge mode.
Recycling the Battery
The on-board battery that comes with the BBU has the logo of the
Rechargeable Battery Recycling Corporation (RBRC) stamped on it. The
logo means that recycling fees have been prepaid on this battery pack.
 Caution
Do not dispose of a rechargeable battery with regular
trash in a landfill. Rechargeable batteries contain
toxic chemicals and metals that are harmful to the
environment. Improperly disposing of rechargeable
batteries is illegal.
Figure A-4. RBRC Logo
The RBRC is a non-profit corporation that promotes the recycling of
rechargeable batteries, including nickel-cadmium batteries.
Information on the RBRC program and the locations of participating
recycling centers can be obtained by telephoning 1–800–8–BATTERY (in
the U.S.A.), and following the recorded instructions. The information
obtained from this telephone number is updated frequently, since the RBRC
program is growing, and new recycling locations are being added regularly.
A-8
DAC960PG and DAC960PJ Installation Guide
Battery Backup Unit Option
BBU Specifications
Onboard Battery
Electrical Properties
3 NiCd 1.2 V, 650 mAH cells, connected in series for a total of 3.6V at
650mAH
Physical Description
Nominal pack size (in inches): 1.89(L) X 2.01(W) X 0.33 (H)
Battery Charge Life
Depends upon memory in use
External Battery
Not supported
Module Dimensions
Length:
3.75 inches
Width:
2.875 inches
Environmental
Temperature
Operating:
0ºC to +40ºC
(+32ºF to 104ºF)
-40ºC to +60ºC
(-40ºF to +140ºF)
Operating:
45% to 85%
relative humidity
45% to 85%
relative humidity
Storage:
Humidity
Non-operating:
Manual No. 775012
A-9
BBU Specifications
A-10
DAC960PG and DAC960PJ Installation Guide
Appendix B
DAC960PG and
DAC960PJ Specifications
General Hardware Specifications
DAC960PG
Controller
DAC960PG
CPU
Intel i960 RP® RISC 32-bit microprocessor, 33MHz
Memory
EDO ECC RAM, 60ns, 72-pin SIMM, n x 40
(Use only Mylex supplied SIMMS)
Minimum: 4 MB
Optional: 8, 16, 32, 64, or 128 MB
Cache
Write: Selectable – Write/Through or Write/Back
Error Protection: Error Correction Code (ECC)
Firmware
ROM Type, Flash EEPROM, 512K x 8
PCI
I/O Processor: Embedded Intel i960 RP
32-bit bus
Transfer Rate: Up to 133MB/second
SCSI
Mylex BA-81C15, one per channel
Data Rate: Up to 40MB/second, when using
Fast/Wide 16-bit mode
Manual No. 775012
B-1
General Hardware Specifications
DAC960PJ
Controller
DAC960PJ
CPU
Intel i960 RD® RISC 32-bit microprocessor, 66MHz
Memory
EDO ECC RAM, 60ns, 72-pin SIMM, n x 40
(Use only Mylex supplied SIMMS)
Minimum: 4 MB
Optional: 8, 16, 32, 64, or 128 MB
Cache
Write: Selectable – Write/Through or Write/Back
Error Protection: Error Correction Code (ECC)
Firmware
ROM Type, Flash EEPROM, 512K x 8
PCI
I/O Processor: Embedded Intel i960 RD
32-bit bus
Transfer Rate: Up to 133MB/second
SCSI
Mylex BA-81C15, one per channel
Data Rate: Up to 40 MB/second when using
Fast/Wide 16-bit mode
B-2
DAC960PG and DAC960PJ Installation
DAC960PG and DAC960PJ Specifications
Physical and Environmental Specifications
Controller
DAC960PG/PJ
Form Factor:
Full-length card Length
Width
12.283 inches
4.2 inches
Component
0.105 inches – solder side
Height (max.) 0.590 inches – component side
Temperature
Humidity
Altitude
Board Width
(with BBU)
Not to exceed the width of one PCI slot
Operating
0°C to +55°C (+32°F to +131°F)
Storage
-20°C to +70°C (-4°F to +158°F)
Operating
10% to 90% relative humidity (non-condensing)
Storage
10% to 90% relative humidity (non-condensing)
Operating
Up to 3,048m (10,000 ft )
Storage
Up to 15,240m (50,000 ft)
Manual No. 775012
B-3
Physical and Environmental Specifications
B-4
DAC960PG and DAC960PJ Installation
Appendix C
Error Messages
Start-up Error Messages
The BIOS looks for any initialization message posted by the firmware during
the start-up sequence. If a message is found, one of the following errors
displays on-screen and the installation process aborts.
DAC960Pn fatal error--memory test failed
DAC960Pn fatal error--command interface test failed
DAC960Pn hardware error--run diagnostics to pinpoint error
DAC960Pn firmware checksum error--reload firmware
Drive Check Error Messages
If the firmware finds a valid controller configuration, but it doesn't match the
SCSI drives currently installed, one or more of the following messages
display:
Unidentified device found at channel x....
Device identified for chn x, tgt y found at chn x', tgt y'
SCSI device at chn x, tgt y not responding
If any of the above messages are displayed, the firmware will not proceed
any further in the initialization process, except to find other mismatches.
Then, the BIOS prints out the following:
DAC960Pn Configuration Checksum error--run configuration
utility
If the firmware detects that during the last power cycle the system was turned
off abruptly leaving some incomplete write operations, the following
message appears:
Recovery from mirror race in progress
The following messages may also appear:
Adapter cannot recover from mirror race!
Some system drives are inconsistent!
Manual No. 775012
C-1
Installation Abort
During the initialization, if the firmware fails to respond to the BIOS inquiry
within two minutes, the following message displays:
DAC960Pn not responding--no drives installed.
The BIOS then inquires the firmware for its version number and other
information, and prints out the following message:
DAC960Pn firmware version x.xx
One or more of the following messages will be displayed if the firmware
reports the following conditions:
Warning: X system drives are offline
Warning: X system drives are critical
Warning: The following SCSI devices are dead--chn
x, tgt y...
No system drives found: None installed
X system drives installed
The BIOS repeats the same process for additional RAID controllers present
in the system. Then it proceeds to boot, if possible, from the first system
drive on the first controller.
Installation Abort
With Firmware 4.x, the installation aborted message is displayed when the
BIOS finds that the configuration of the disk drives, as stored in the
NVRAM and configuration on disk, is different from what it senses at boot
time. When this happens (and a brand new installation is not being
attempted), the cause is often a faulty cable or drive, or a loose connection.
Check all of the connectors, cables, drives, and try to boot. If the error
persists, it most likely indicates a genuine failure and needs to be corrected.
To correct it, boot and run the on-board Mylex Disk Array Configuration
Utility (see Chapter 4). For more information, refer to the RAID EzAssist
Configuration Utility User Reference Guide, available on CD-ROM, or
RAID EzAssist Configuration Utility Quick Configuration Guide.
C-2
DAC960PG and DAC960PJ Installation
Error Messages
NVRAM Error
With Firmware 4.x, if the BIOS displays a mismatch between the NVRAM
and the COD, no drives will be installed. Normally this error will not be
displayed. If it is, boot and run the on-board Mylex Disk Array
Configuration Utility (see Chapter 4) to recover from the error. For more
information, refer to the RAID EzAssist Configuration Utility User Reference
Guide, available on CD-ROM, or RAID EzAssist Configuration Utility Quick
Configuration Guide.
System Reboot or Power Down Messages
Status messages may also be available from LED indicators connected to the
DAC960PG/PJ. The Write Pending indicator is especially important when
preparing to power-down the system.
The DAC960PG/PJ is a caching controller with up to 128 MB of cache
memory, data may still be in the cache waiting to be written to the disk
drives, when the system reports that a write command was completed. It is
very important to make sure that all data is written to the disk before
rebooting or powering down the system, or you may lose data. It is always a
good idea to wait for 15 seconds before resetting or rebooting the system.
If using the 'Write Pending' LED indicator, wait three seconds after the LED
has gone off before resetting or rebooting the system (the optional cache
battery backup may also be used to prevent data loss).
Manual No. 775012
C-3
System Reboot or Power Down Messages
C-4
DAC960PG and DAC960PJ Installation
Appendix D
Enclosure Management
Introduction
Mylex’s DAC960PG/PJ Disk Array Controllers support the industry
standard enclosure management protocol SCSI Accessed Fault-Tolerant
Enclosures (SAF-TE). This feature allows the host to monitor drive
enclosures and detect certain faults or operating environment conditions.
The host can make a decision to shut down the system or issue a warning
based on the type of fault detected.
SAF-TE
The SAF-TE protocol follows a specification jointly worked out by nStor
Corporation and Intel Corporation. Enclosures that are compliant with this
protocol are known as SCSI Accessed Fault-Tolerant Enclosures (SAF-TE).
The protocol is compatible with standard SCSI buses and cabling.
The SAF-TE interface standard’s objective is to provide a non-proprietary
means of allowing third-party disks and controllers to be automatically
integrated with peripheral enclosures that support:
• Status Signals (LEDs, audible alarms, LCDs, etc.)
• Hot swapping of drives
• Monitoring of fans, power supplies, and enclosure temperature
SCSI is the underlying transport mechanism for communicating enclosure
information. All standard SCSI host adapters will work. There is no need to
consider reserved signals or special cabling.
The SAF-TE interface can be implemented as a SCSI target that uses a SCSI
port and an 8-bit microcontroller.
All communication is initiated by the host. The SAF-TE processor acts only
in target mode. The SAF-TE processor should be periodically polled by the
host approximately every 2 to 10 seconds.
Manual No. 775012
D-1
SAF-TE
D-2
DAC960PG and DAC960PJ Installation
Appendix E
Regulatory Information
Class B Compliance
THIS DEVICE COMPLIES WITH PART 15 OF THE FCC RULES. OPERATION
IS SUBJECT TO THE FOLLOWING TWO CONDITIONS:
3. THIS DEVICE MAY NOT CAUSE HARMFUL INTERFERENCE,
AND
4. THIS DEVICE MUST ACCEPT ANY INTERFERENCE
RECEIVED, INCLUDING INTERFERENCE THAT MAY CAUSE
UNDESIRED OPERATION.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B
digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to
provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in residential installations.
This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy, and if not
installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference
to radio communications. However, there is not guarantee that interference will not
occur in a particular installation.
If this equipment does cause interference to radio or television equipment reception,
which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged
to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
1. Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna
2. Move the equipment away from the receiver
3. Plug the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to
which the receiver is powered.
If necessary, the user should consult the dealer or an experienced radio/television
technician for additional suggestions.
All external connections should be made using shielded cables.
 Caution
Only equipment certified to comply with Class B
(computer input/output devices, terminals, printers,
etc.) should be attached to this equipment.
Any changes or modifications to the equipment by the
user not expressly approved by the grantee or
manufacturer could void the user’s authority to
operate such equipment.
Manual No. 775012
E-1
Declaration of Conformity
Declaration of Conformity
Manufacturer’s Name:
Mylex Corporation
Manufacturer’s Address: 34551 Ardenwood Blvd.
Fremont, CA 94555-3607
USA
Declares that the product:
Product Name:
1, 2, and 3-Channel Ultra SCSI RAID
Controller
Model Numbers:
DAC960PG, DAC960PJ
Year of Manufacture:
1998
Conforms to the following Product Specification(s):
EMC:
EN 50081-1:1992/EN 55022:1992 Class B
EN 50082-1:1992 - Generic Immunity
EN 61000-4-2:1995,4kV CD, 8kV AD
EN 50140:1995, 3 V/m, 80 - 1000 MHz, 80%
EN 61000-4-4:1995, 0.5kV I/O, 1kV Power
Supplementary Information:
The product herewith complies with the requirements to the EMC Directive
89/336/EEC
Declaration that the equipment specified above conforms to the above
directive(s) and standard(s) is on file and available for inspection at the
manufacturer’s address cited above.
E-2
DAC960PG and DAC960PJ Installation
Regulatory Information
Declaration of Conformity
Per 89\336\EEC
Responsible Party
Name:
Mylex Corporation
Address:
34551 Ardenwood Boulevard
Fremont, CA 94555-3607 USA
hereby declares that the product
Trade Name:
Model Number:
High Performance Caching RAID Controller
DAC960PG/PJ
conforms to the following specifications
Standards:
EN 50081-1:1992, EMI
EN 55022 Class B (Radiated), Class B (Conducted)
EN 50082-1:1992, Immunity
EN 61000-4-2:1995 Electrostatic Discharge
EN 61000-4-3:1996 Radiated Susceptibility
EN 61000-4-4:1995 Electrical Fast Transients/Burst
Manual No. 775012
E-3
Community of Europe
Community of Europe
CE mark is rated for the DAC960PG™ and DAC960PJ™ as follows:
CISPR 22 Radiated Emission
EN55022, EN5082-1 Generic immunity standard for the following:
IEC 801-2 ESD, IEC 801-3 Radiated, and IEC 801-4 EFT/Burst
Warning!
This is a Class B product. In a residential environment this product may cause radio
interference, in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures.
Achtung!
Dieses ist ein Gerät der Funkstörgrenzwertklasse B. In Wohnbereichen können bei
Betrieb dieses Gerätes Rundfunkstörungen aufreten, in welchen Fällen der Benutzer
für entsprechende Gegenmaßnahmen verantwortlich ist.
Avertissement!
Cet appareil est un appareil de Classe B. Dans un environnement résidentiel cet
appareil peut provoquer des brouillages radioélectriques. Dans ce cas, il peut être
demandé à l’utilisateur de prendre des mésures appropriées.
E-4
DAC960PG and DAC960PJ Installation
Regulatory Information
Underwriters Laboratories Listing and Warning
 WARNING
This controller is furnished with a nonvolatile
RAM (NVRAM) chip that uses a sealed lithium
battery/crystal module. Replace the module only
with the same or equivalent type recommended by
the manufacturer. Dispose of the used battery/
crystal module according to the manufacturer's
instructions. Never incinerate a battery as it could
explode and cause serious injury.
Manual No. 775012
E-5
Underwriters Laboratories Listing and Warning
E-6
DAC960PG and DAC960PJ Installation
Glossary
AcceleRAID™
The AcceleRAID family features high performance, cost effective Ultra
SCSI/Ultra2 SCSI LVD and Ultra 160 SCSI to PCI RAID controllers and
adapters for high-end desktops, workstations, and entry level and mid range
servers. AcceleRAID controllers support PCI-based motherboards with
embedded SCSI chips and systems that have a PCI expansion slot designated
for add-in RAID controllers. The AcceleRAID family consists of the 150,
200, 250, 352, 160, 170, and 170LP controllers. The 150, 200, and 250
products can utilize the on-board SCSI chips of servers and use SCSI
interrupt steering logic (SISL). In addition, the 150 and 250 products can
work in any PC or server with a PCI slot whether or not they have SCSI
interrupt steering logic. The 150 and 250 have one Ultra2 SCSI LVD
channel.
Active Termination
A type of terminator used in current SCSI channel setups, which utilizes an
active voltage regulator, thus closely matching cable impedance.
Application Server
A centralized computer that holds and distributes application programs to
users.
ASIC
Application-Specific Integrated Circuit, a chip created for a specific
application.
Array
Multiple disk drives configured to behave as a single, independent disk
drive. See also Disk Array.
Asynchronous Data Transfer
Data transfer not synchronized to a set timing interval. Asynchronous
devices must wait for a signal from the receiving device after each byte of
data.
Manual No. 775012
G-1
Automatic Rebuild
Mylex controllers provide automatic rebuild capabilities in the event of a
physical disk drive failure. The controller performs a rebuild operation
automatically when a disk drive fails and both of the following conditions
are true:
A standby or hot spare disk drive of identical or larger size is found attached
to the same controller;
All system drives that are dependent on the failed disk drive are configured
as a redundant array: RAID 1, RAID 3, RAID 5, or RAID 0+1.
During the automatic rebuild process, system activity continues; however,
system performance may degrade slightly.
BBU
Battery Backup Unit, provides a battery backup for data currently stored in
the on-board cache memory during intermittent power loss to the controller.
In the event of a power failure, the BBU can hold data in the cache for a
certain amount of time. Once power is restored the data can be saved to a
disk.
BIOS
Basic Input/Output System, software that determines what a computer can
do without accessing programs. The BIOS contains all the code required to
control the keyboard, screen, drives, serial communications, and other
functions. Usually the BIOS is built into a ROM chip installed on the
motherboard so that the BIOS will always be available and not affected by
disk failure. Sometimes the BIOS is recorded on a flash memory chip.
BIOS Configuration Utility
BIOS-based Configuration Utility, a utility program sequence used, upon
powerup, for configuring various hardware elements in a system.
Booting (or Bootstrapping)
Loading operating system code and other basic software from a disk or other
storage device to help a computer start.
Burst Data Rate
The speed at which a specific amount of data is sent or received in
intermittent operations.
G-2
DAC960PG and DAC960PJ Installation Guide
Glossary
Bus
A set of conductors that connect the functional units in a computer and are
the channels through which data is transferred. There are several types of bus
channels, including serial, parallel, PCI, ISA, EISA, and MCA. See also I/O
Bus.
Cables
The physical wires (copper or fibre optic) over which electrical signals are
transmitted. Cables are used to connect peripherals (such as disk arrays) to
computers and servers or to connect peripherals or components to each other.
Cache
A temporary storage area for frequently accessed or recently accessed data.
Cache is used to speed up data transfer to and from a disk. See also Caching.
Cache Flush
Refers to an operation where all unwritten blocks in a Write-Back Cache are
written to the target disk. This operation is necessary before powering down
the system.
Cache Line Size
Represents the size of the data “chunk” that will be read or written at one
time, and is set in conjunction with stripe size. Under RAID EzAssistTM, the
cache line size (also known as Segment Size) should be based on the stripe
size you selected. The default segment size for Mylex RAID controllers is
8K.
Caching
Allows data to be stored in a pre-designated area of a disk or RAM. Caching
speeds up the operation of RAID systems, disk drives, computers and
servers, or other peripheral devices.
CD-ROM
Compact Disk-Read Only Memory, a removable read-only storage device,
similar to an audio compact laser disk, holding up to 640MB of data.
Channel
Any path used for the transfer of data and control of information between
storage devices and a storage controller or I/O adapter. Also refers to one
Manual No. 775012
G-3
SCSI bus on a disk array controller. Each disk array controller provides at
least one channel.
Conservative Cache
An operating mode in which system drives configured with the write-back
caching policy are treated as though they were configured for write-through
operation and the cache is flushed.
Consistency Check
A process that verifies the integrity of redundant data. A consistency check
on a RAID 1 or RAID 0+1 configuration (mirroring) checks if the data on
drives and their mirrored pair are exactly the same. For RAID Level 3 or
RAID Level 5, a consistency check calculates the parity from the data
written on the disk and compares it to the written parity. A consistency check
from Mylex utilities such as Global Array ManagerTM (GAM) or RAID
EzAssistTM give the user the ability to have a discrepancy reported and
corrected. See also Parity Check.
Data Transfer Rate
The amount of data per unit of time moved through a channel or I/O Bus in
the course of execution of an I/O load, usually expressed in MBps.
DB-9
A type of connector used for serial interfaces.
Device Driver
A software program that controls a particular type of device attached to a
computer, such as a RAID subsystem, printer, display, CD-ROM, disk drive,
etc.
DIMM
Dual In-line Memory Module, a circuit board that has memory chips. Instead
of installing two SIMMs for the 64-bit memory path on a Pentium processor,
one DIMM can be installed. See also SIMM.
Disk
A non-volatile, randomly addressable, re-writable data storage device,
including rotating magnetic and optical disks as well as solid-state disks or
other electronic storage elements.
G-4
DAC960PG and DAC960PJ Installation Guide
Glossary
Disk Array
A collection of disks from one or more commonly accessible disk systems.
Disk arrays, also known as RAID, allow disk drives to be used together to
improve fault tolerance, performance, or both. Disk arrays are commonly
used on servers and are becoming more popular on desktops and
workstations. See also Array.
Disk Drive
A device for the electronic digital storage of information.
Disk System
A storage system capable of supporting only disks.
Drive Groups, Drive Packs
A group of individual disk drives (preferably identical) that are logically tied
to each other and are addressed as a single unit. In some cases this may be
called a drive “pack” when referring to just the physical devices.
All the physical devices in a drive group should have the same size;
otherwise, each of the disks in the group will effectively have the capacity of
the smallest member. The total size of the drive group will be the size of the
smallest disk in the group multiplied by the number of disks in the group.
For example, if you have 4 disks of 400MB each and 1 disk of 200MB in a
pack, the effective capacity available for use is only 1000MB (5x200), not
1800MB.
Drivers
A software routine that receives I/O requests from higher levels within the
operating system and converts those requests to the protocol required by a
specific hardware device.
Dual Active
A pair of components, such as storage controllers in a failure tolerant storage
system, that share a task or set of tasks when both are functioning normally.
When one component of the pair fails, the other takes the entire load. Dual
active controllers (also called Active/Active controllers) are connected to the
same set of devices and provide a combination of higher I/O performance
and greater failure tolerance than a single controller.
Manual No. 775012
G-5
ECC
Error Correcting Code, a method of generating redundant information which
can be used to detect and correct errors in stored or transmitted data.
EDO
Extended Data Output, a type of random access memory (RAM) chip
designed to improve the time to read from memory on faster
microprocessors such as the Intel® Pentium.
EEPROM
Electrically Erasable PROM, see EPROM.
EISA
Extended Industry Standard Architecture, a bus standard for PCs extending
the ISA architecture to 32 bits and allowing more than one CPU to share the
bus.
Embedded Storage Controller
An intelligent storage controller that mounts in a host computer’s housing
and attaches directly to a host’s memory bus with no intervening I/O adapter
or I/O bus.
EPROM
Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory, memory which can be erased
and re-used.
eXtremeRAID
A family of Mylex RAID controllers which offer uncompromising fault
tolerance, data availability, superior configuration, and management
flexibility. The eXtremeRAID family incorporates the latest performance
technology by using the fastest processor on a PCI based RAID solution, a
233 MHz RISC processor, up to four 160MB/sec Ultra 160 SCSI (Ultra3
SCSI) channels, and a 64-bit PCI interface to provide eXtreme performance
for servers. The eXtremeRAID controllers use driver technology with which
Mylex has won tpm-C benchmarks worldwide. With this technology, the
eXtremeRAID 1100, 2000, and 3000 provide the highest performance and
most flexible RAID solution available today.
G-6
DAC960PG and DAC960PJ Installation Guide
Glossary
Failback
Restoring a failed system component’s share of a load to a replacement
component.
Failover
A mode of operation for failure tolerant systems in which a component has
failed and a redundant component has assumed its functions.
Failover Port
A fibre channel port capable of assuming I/O requests for another, failed port
on the loop. During normal operation, a failover port may be active or
inactive. Failover ports assume the same loop ID and, optionally, the same
node from the failed port.
Failure
A detectable physical change in hardware, requiring replacement of the
component.
Fast SCSI
Devices that increases the speed at which data is transferred as opposed to
the volume of data. These devices use data rates up to 10 MHz.
Fast/Wide SCSI
SCSI devices using data rates up to 20 MHz.
Flash ROM
Memory on an adapter containing software that can be reprogrammed
without removing it from the board.
Format
A pre-established layout for data. Programs accept data as input in a certain
format, process it, and provide it as output in the same or another format. All
data is stored in some format with the expectation that it will be processed by
a program that knows how to handle that format.
Gigabit
109 (1,000,000,000) bits. Abbreviated as Gb.
Manual No. 775012
G-7
Gigabyte
230 (1,073,741,824) bytes. Abbreviated as G or GB.
Global Array Manager (GAM)
A Mylex RAID management utility that allows a system administrator to
configure, monitor, and manage network RAID storage from anywhere in
the world. GAM can communicate critical notification via e-mail, fax, pager,
SNMP or the launching of an application. GAM is everything needed to
manage Mylex PCI RAID Controllers, SCSI Host Adapters, and External
RAID Controllers.
HDM
Hardware Driver Module, a driver set required for SCSI adapters for use in
an I2O environment.
Host
Any computer system to which disks are attached and accessible for data
storage and I/O.
Host Bus Adapter (HBA)
An I/O adapter that connects a host I/O bus to the host’s storage memory
system.
Host I/O Bus
An I/O bus used to connect a host computer to storage systems or storage
devices.
Hot Plug
The process of adding or removing a device from a bus while transactions
involving other devices are occurring over the bus. See also PCI Hot Plug.
Hot Replacement of Disks
The design of all Mylex controllers allows for the replacement of failed hard
disk drives without interruption of system service. In the event of a SCSI
drive failure on a properly configured system (where the data redundancy
features of the controller are used), the system generates a message to alert
the system operator.
When a replacement drive becomes available, the system operator can
remove the failed disk drive, install a new disk drive, and instruct the
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Glossary
controller to “rebuild” the data on the new drive, all without interrupting
system operations. Once the rebuild is complete, the controller will be
brought back into a fault tolerant state. See also Hot Swap.
Hot Spare
A physical disk drive not part of a system drive that the controller can use to
automatically rebuild a critical system drive. The hot spare drive must have
at least as much capacity as the largest disk drive in the array or the rebuild
may not start. See also Hot Standby.
Hot Standby
A redundant component in a fault tolerant storage system that has power
applied and is ready to operate, but which does not perform its task as long
as the primary component for which it is standing by is functioning properly.
See also Hot Replacement of Disk and Hot Spare.
Hot Swap
The exchange of a replacement unit in a storage system for a defective unit.
The exchange requires human intervention, but the system can continue to
perform its normal functions (compare with Auto Swap, Cold Swap, and
Warm Swap). See also Hot Replacement of Disk.
In-Line Terminator
A plug attached to the end of a SCSI cable in order to initiate active
termination. Used when SCSI devices on the cable do not have built-in
termination. See also Active Termination.
Interface
A hardware or software protocol that manages the exchange of data between
the hard disk drive and the computer. The most common interfaces for small
computer systems are ATA (also known as IDE) and SCSI.
Internal RAID Controller
A controller circuit board that resides inside a computer or server. An
internal RAID controller resides on a bus, such as the PCI bus. Examples of
internal RAID controllers include the Mylex AcceleRAID and
eXtremeRAID families.
Manual No. 775012
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I/O
Input/Output, the transmission of information between an external source
and the computer.
I/O Bus
Any path used for the transfer of data and control information between I/O
adapters and storage controllers or storage devices. See also Bus.
I2O
Intelligent Input/Output, a driver that uses special I/O processes to eliminate
I/O bottlenecks. The processes deal with interrupt handling, buffering, and
data transfer. An I2O driver also includes an OS-specific module (OSM),
which handles higher-level OS details, and a hardware device module
(HDM), which knows how to communicate with certain devices.
ISA
Industry Standard Architecture, a standard bus (computer interconnection)
architecture associated with the IBM AT motherboard. It allows 16 bits at a
time to flow between the motherboard circuitry and an expansion slot card
and its associated device(s).
JBOD
Just A Bunch of Disks (Drives), a number of disk drives, usually in an
enclosure. JBOD implies that the disks do not use RAID technology and
function independently. All Mylex RAID controllers support JBOD mode.
Jumper
A short piece of electrical conductor encased in plastic used to connect pins
on a device to provide settings that the user can change. The settings remain
constant during operation. For example, jumpers often set SCSI ID,
termination, and IDE master/slave settings.
Kilobyte
210 (1,024). Abbreviated as K or KB.
Logical Drive
The logical devices presented to the operating system. System drives are
presented as available disk drives, each with a capacity specified by the
Mylex RAID controller.
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Glossary
Logical Drive States
A logical (system) drive can be Online, Critical, or Offline. Notice that the
term “online” is used for both physical and logical drives.
LVD
Low Voltage Differential, a form of SCSI signaling introduced with Ultra2
SCSI (Fast40 SCSI) uses data high and data low signal lines to increase
transmission distances over those of single-ended (conventional SCSI
signaling) lines. LVD allows for cable lengths of up to 12 meters
(approximately 39 feet) with up to 15 devices. LVD also lowers noise, power
usage, and amplitude.
LVD differs from conventional differential signaling in that only positive
and negative values are distinguished, not voltage levels. Other advantages
are that LVD devices consume less power and can sense single-ended
devices on the bus and revert to single-ended signaling. Devices need to be
Ultra2 SCSI LVD devices in order to take advantage of the LVD signaling.
Mylex AcceleRAID, eXtremeRAID, and DAC FL controllers are LVD
controllers.
Megabit
A million bits; used as a common unit of measure, relative to time in
seconds, as an expression of a transmission technology's bandwidth or data
transfer rates. Megabits per second (Mbps) is a frequent measure of
bandwidth on a transmission medium.
Megabyte
220 (1,048,576) bytes. One megabyte can store more that one million
characters. Abbreviated as M or MB.
Mirrored Cache
A cache memory that has duplicate data from another controller. In the event
of failure of the original controller, the second controller can take the cached
data and place it on the disk array.
Mirrored Hard Drive
Two hard drives the computer sees as one unit. Information is stored
simultaneously on each drive. If one hard disk drive fails, the other contains
all of the cached data and the system can continue operating.
Manual No. 775012
G-11
Mirroring
Refers to the complete duplication of data on one disk drive to another disk
drive, this duplication occurs simultaneously with each write operation: each
disk will be the mirror image of the other (also known as RAID Level 1, see
RAID levels). All Mylex RAID controllers support mirroring.
M.O.R.E.
Mylex Online RAID Expansion, an advanced configuration mode that
allows expansion of any unconfigured or hot spare drive into the expandable
drive group while the controller is online with the host. For example, a
system using a five-disk-drive RAID set can add another disk drive to create
a six-disk-drive RAID set. The M.O.R.E. operation can be performed on all
RAID levels except JBOD.
Mylex’s Global Array Manager (GAM) supports two M.O.R.E. features:
Expand Capacity allows logical drive expansion for FFx external controllers
only.
Expand Array allows array expansion for both PCI and FFx external
controllers.
During the RAID set expansion process, which includes re-striping data
from the old (smaller) RAID set to the new (expanded) RAID set, the
controller continues to service host I/O requests.
MTBF
Mean Time Between Failures, the average time from start of use to failure in
a large population of identical systems, computers, or devices.
Narrow SCSI
8-bit wide standard SCSI. Compare with Fast SCSI, Fast/Wide SCSI, Ultra
SCSI, Ultra Wide SCSI, Ultra Fast SCSI, Ultra 160 SCSI, and WideSCSI.
NVRAM
Non-Volatile Random Access Memory, a memory unit equipped with a
battery so that the data stays intact even after the main power had been
switched off.
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Glossary
Offline
A Logical Drive is in an “offline” state if no data can be read from it or
written to it. Offline does not apply to physical disk drives. System
commands issued to offline logical drives are returned with an error status;
no operations can be performed on offline logical drives. See also Logical
Drive States, Online, and Critical.
Online
A Logical Drive is in an “online” state if all of its participating SCSI drives
have power and are operational. See also Logical Drive States, Critical, and
Offline.
Parity
A method of providing complete data redundancy while requiring only a
fraction of the storage capacity of mirroring. The data and parity blocks are
divided between the disk drives in such a way that if any single disk drive is
removed or fails, the data on it can be reconstructed using the data on the
remaining disk drives. The parity data may exist on only one disk drive or be
distributed between all disk drives in a RAID group.
Parity Check
A function used to verify the integrity of data on a system drive. It verifies
that mirror or parity information matches the stored data on the redundant
arrays. If the parity block information is inconsistent with the data blocks,
the controller corrects the inconsistencies. See also Consistency Check.
PCI
Peripheral Component Interconnect, a standardized architecture that
provides a high-speed data path between peripherals and the CPU. PCI is a
high-performance, backplane interface, expansion slot architecture found on
PCs, Macintoshes, and UNIX workstations. PCI cards are portable across
hardware platforms with the help of various software drivers.
PCI Hot Plug
A feature that allows for the printed circuit board (PCB) to be replaced
without powering down the entire system—an essential feature in newer
PCI-based PCs. Mylex DAC960PG, DAC960PJ, AcceleRAID, and
eXtremeRAID products are all PCI Hot Plug compatible. See also Hot Plug.
Manual No. 775012
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Physical Device
Any device connected to some kind of hardware. For example, SCSI disk,
fibre disk, network disk, RAM disk, etc.
Physical Disk Drive
A single hard disk drive. Each physical disk drive is assigned a unique
identification address.
PROM
Programmable Read-Only Memory, memory that users with appropriate
instructions can reprogram.
Protocol
A special set of rules for transmitting data between two devices in a
telecommunication connection.
RAID
Redundant Array of Independent Disks, a collection of two or more disks
working together in an array. DAC960 controllers implement this
technology to connect up to 15 SCSI devices per channel. The different
forms of RAID implementation are known as “RAID levels.”
The system manager or integrator selects the appropriate RAID level for a
system. This decision will be based on which of the following are to be
emphasized:
Disk Capacity
Data Availability (redundancy or fault tolerance)
Disk Performance
RAID Adapters
See RAID Controller.
RAID Advisory Board (RAB)
An association of companies whose primary intention is to standardize
RAID storage systems. Mylex is a member of RAB.
RAID Controller
Low cost RAID controllers that use SCSI channels on the motherboard.
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RAID Levels
Mylex disk array controllers support four RAID Advisory Board approved
(RAID 0, RAID 1, RAID 3, and RAID 5), two special (RAID 0+1, and
JBOD), and three spanned (RAID 10, 30, and 50) RAID levels. All
DAC960, AcceleRAID, and eXtremeRAID series controllers support these
RAID levels.
Level 0: Provides block “striping” across multiple drives, yielding higher
performance than is possible with individual drives. This level does not
provide any redundancy.
Level 1: Drives are paired and mirrored. All data is 100 percent duplicated
on a drive of equivalent size.
Level 3: Data is “striped” across several physical drives. Maintains parity
information, which can be used for data recovery.
Level 5: Data is “striped” across several physical drives. For data
redundancy, drives are encoded with rotated XOR redundancy.
Level 0+1: Combines RAID 0 striping and RAID 1 mirroring. This level
provides redundancy through mirroring.
JBOD: Sometimes referred to as “Just a Bunch of Drives.” Each drive is
operated independently like a normal disk controller, or drives may be
spanned and seen as a single drive. This level does not provide data
redundancy.
Level 10: Combines RAID 0 striping and RAID 1 mirroring spanned across
multiple drive groups (super drive group). This level provides redundancy
through mirroring and better performance than Level 1 alone.
Level 30: Data is “striped” across multiple drive groups (super drive group).
Maintains parity information, which can be used for data recovery.
Level 50: Data is “striped” across multiple drive groups (super drive group).
For data redundancy, drives are encoded with rotated XOR redundancy.
Note: The host operating system drivers and software utilities remain
unchanged regardless of the level of RAID installed. The controller makes
the physical configuration and RAID level implementation.
Manual No. 775012
G-15
RAID Migration
A feature in RAID subsystems that allows for changing a RAID level to
another level without powering down the system.
RAM
Random Access Memory, the "built-in" readable and writable data storage
that comes with (or can be added to) a computer.
RISC
Reduced Instruction Set Computing, architecture for an application-specific
processor.
RJ-11, RJ-45
Registered Jacks (sometimes described as RJ-XX), a series of telephone
connection interfaces (receptacle and plug) that are registered with the U.S.
Federal Communications Commission (FCC). The most common telephone
jack is the RJ-11 jack, which can have six conductors but is usually
implemented with four. The RJ-11 jack is likely to be the jack that your
household or office phones are plugged into from the ordinary "untwisted"
wire (sometimes called "gray satin" or "flat wire") that people are most
familiar with. The RJ-45 is a single-line jack for digital transmission over
ordinary phone wire, either untwisted or twisted; the interface has eight pins
or positions.
ROM
Read-Only Memory, built-in computer memory containing data that
normally can only be read, not written to. ROM contains the programming
that allows a computer to be "booted up" each time you turn it on. Unlike a
computer's random access memory (RAM), the data in ROM is not lost when
the computer power is turned off; a small long-life battery in your computer
sustains the ROM.
SAF-TE
SCSI Accessed Fault-Tolerant Enclosure, an “open” specification designed
to provide a comprehensive standardized method to monitor and report
status information on the condition of disk drives, power supplies, and
cooling systems used in high availability LAN servers and storage
subsystems. The specification is independent of hardware I/O cabling,
operating systems, server platforms, and RAID implementation because the
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Glossary
enclosure itself is treated as simply another device on the SCSI bus. Many
other leading server, storage, and RAID controller manufacturers worldwide
have endorsed the SAF-TE specification. Products compliant with the
SAF-TE specification will reduce the cost of managing storage enclosures,
making it easier for a LAN administrator to obtain base-level fault-tolerant
alert notification and status information. All Mylex RAID controllers feature
SAF-TE.
SCSI
Small Computer System Interface, a technological standard that defines
connections between computers and peripheral devices.
SCSI Adapters
Storage controllers for managing SCSI devices.
SCSI Drive
A disk drive equipped with a SCSI interface (sometimes referred to as a
SCSI Disk). Each disk drive will be assigned a SCSI address (or SCSI ID),
which is a number from 0 to 7 (0 to 15 under wide or Ultra SCSI). The SCSI
address uniquely identifies the drive on the SCSI bus or channel.
SCSI Drive States
Refers to a SCSI drive’s current operational status. At any given time, a
SCSI drive can be in one of five states: Ready, Online, Standby, Dead, or
Rebuild.
The controller stores the state of the attached SCSI drives in its non-volatile
memory. This information is retained even after power-off. Hence, if a SCSI
disk is labeled “dead” in one session, it will stay in the “dead” state until a
change is made either by using a system level utility or after a rebuild. Each
state is described below:
Ready: A SCSI disk drive is in a “ready” state if it is powered on and is
available to be configured during the current session but remains
unconfigured.
Online: A SCSI disk drive is in an “online” state if is powered on, has been
defined as a member of a drive group, and is operating properly.
Standby: A SCSI disk drive is in a “standby” state if it is powered on, is able
to operate properly, and was NOT defined as part of any drive group.
Manual No. 775012
G-17
Offline: A SCSI disk drive is in a “offline” state if it is not present, if it is
present but not powered on, or if it failed to operate properly and was
“offline” by the controller. When the controller detects a failure on a disk, it
“kills” that disk by changing its state to “offline.” An “offline” SCSI drive
can also be present and powered on, but a SCSI drive in a “offline” state
does not participate in any I/O activity; no commands are issued to dead
drives.
Rebuild: A SCSI disk drive is in a “rebuild” state while it is in the process of
being rebuilt. During this process, data is regenerated and written to the disk
drive. This state is also referred to as “Write-Only” (WRO).
SCSI Interrupt Steering Logic (SISL)
Architecture that allows a RAID controller, such as AcceleRAID 150, 200 or
250, to implement RAID on a system board-embedded SCSI bus or a set of
SCSI busses.
SDRAM
Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory, a form of dynamic random
access memory (DRAM) that can be coordinated or synchronized to the
clock speed of the computer.
Segment Size
See Cache Line Size.
Sequential I/O
A type of read and write operation where entire blocks of data are accessed
one after another in sequence, as opposed to randomly.
Server
A computer program that provides and manages services to other computer
programs on the same or other computers. The computer that a server
program runs in is also frequently referred to as a server.
SES
SCSI Enclosure Services, a standard for SCSI access to services within an
enclosure containing one or more SCSI devices. For disk drives, power
supplies, cooling elements, and temperature sensors, the actions performed
are the same as for SAF-TE monitoring. If a UPS is connected to any
SES-monitored enclosures, and an AC failure or two minute warning is
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Glossary
reported, conservative cache is enabled and all system drives are switched to
write-through cache. Primarily used in fibre enclosures.
SIMM
Single In-line Memory Module, RAM packed on a small circuit board with a
defined edge connector. Two SIMMs are required for a 64-bit memory path
on a Pentium processor. See also DIMM.
SISL
See SCSI Interrupt Steering Logic (SISL).
SMART
Self-Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology, the industry standard
reliability prediction indicator for both the ATA/IDE and SCSI hard disk
drives. Hard disk drives with SMART offer early warning of some hard disk
failures so critical data can be protected.
SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol, the protocol governing network
management: for monitoring network devices and their functions.
Standard Disk Drive
This term refers to a hard disk drive with SCSI, IDE, or other interface,
attached to the host system through a standard disk controller.
Standby Replacement of Disks
See also Hot Spare. One of the most important features the RAID controller
provides to achieve automatic, non-stop service with a high degree of faulttolerance. The controller automatically carries out the rebuild operation
when a SCSI disk drive fails and both of the following conditions are true:
A “standby” SCSI disk drive of identical size is found attached to the same
controller;
All of the system drives that are dependent on the failed disk are redundant
system drives, e.g., RAID 1, RAID 3, RAID 5, and RAID 0+1.
Note: The standby rebuild will only happen on the SAME DAC960 controller,
never across DAC960 controllers.
During the automatic rebuild process, system activity continues as normal.
System performance may degrade slightly during the rebuild process.
Manual No. 775012
G-19
To use the standby rebuild feature, you should always maintain a standby
SCSI disk in your system. When a disk fails, the standby disk will
automatically replace the failed drive and the data will be rebuilt. The system
administrator can disconnect and remove the bad disk and replace it with a
new disk. The administrator can then make this new disk a standby.
The standby replacement table has a limit of 8 automatic replacements in
any session (from power-on/reset to the next power-off/reset). When the
limit of 8 is reached and a disk failure occurs, the standby replacement will
occur but will not be recorded in the replacement table.
To clear the “standby replacement” table, reboot the system from a DOS
bootable floppy, run the configuration utility and select the option ‘view/
update configuration’ from the main menu. A red box labeled ‘Drive Remap
List’ will be displayed. Selecting the box will allow you to continue. You
should save the configuration without making any changes, and exit the
configuration utility. This will clear the replacement table. You may now
proceed to boot your system and continue normal operations.
In normal use, the replacement table limit of 8 should not cause any
problems. Assuming that a disk fails about once a year (drives we support
generally come with a 5-year warranty), the system would run continuously
for a minimum of eight years before the table would need to be cleared.
Stripe Order
The order in which SCSI disk drives appear within a drive group. This order
must be maintained, and is critical to the controller’s ability to “rebuild”
failed drives.
Stripe Size
The size, in kilobytes (1024 bytes) of a single I/O operation. A stripe of data
(data residing in actual physical disk sectors, which are logically ordered
first to last) is divided over all disks in the drive group.
Stripe Width
The number of striped SCSI drives within a drive group.
Striping
The storing of a sequential block of incoming data across multiple SCSI
drives in a group. For example, if there are 3 SCSI drives in a group, the data
will be separated into blocks and block 1 of the data will be stored on SCSI
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Glossary
drive 1, block 2 on SCSI drive 2, block 3 on SCSI drive 3, block 4 on SCSI
drive 1, block 5 on SCSI drive 2, and so on. This storage method increases
the disk system throughput by ensuring a balanced load among all drives.
Sustained Data Transfer Rate
A rate of data transfer defined for continuous operation at a maximum speed
level.
Synchronous Data Transfer
Data transmission synchronized to a defined time interval, and is faster than
asynchronous SCSI because there is no wait for acknowledgement of each
byte from the receiving device (up to 20MHz).
System Drives
A system drive is equivalent to a logical drive. System drives are presented
to the operating system as available disk drives, each with a capacity
specified by the eXtremeRAID controller.
Target ID
The SCSI ID of a device attached to a controller. Each SCSI channel can
have up to 15 attached SCSI devices (target ID from 0 to 6 and 8 to 15).
Terminator
A part used to end a SCSI bus.
Termination
A method of matching transmission impedance of a bus to eliminate signal
reflections from the physical ends of the bus.
Transfer Rate
The rate at which data moves between the host computer and storage, input,
or output devices, usually expressed as a number of characters per second.
Ultra 160 SCSI (Ultra3 SCSI)
The newest in SCSI technology, Ultra 160 SCSI increases performance,
reliability, and manageability. With transfer rates of 160 MBps, cyclical
redundancy check, and the capability to automatically test the interface’s
performance level, the Ultra 160 SCSI can keep up with fibre channel
technology.
Manual No. 775012
G-21
Ultra SCSI (Fast 20 SCSI)
A high performance SCSI protocol that has a bus speed of 20 Megabytes per
second in the Narrow SCSI configuration and 40 MB in the Wide SCSI (Fast
20 Wide SCSI) configuration.
Ultra Wide SCSI
16-bit wide Ultra SCSI (IS devices), double the speed of narrow SCSI.
Ultra2 SCSI (Fast 40 SCSI)
A higher performance SCSI protocol than Ultra SCSI. Ultra2 SCSI has a bus
speed of 40 Megabytes per second in the Narrow SCSI configuration and 80
Megabytes in the Wide SCSI (Wide Ultra2 SCSI) configuration.
Wide SCSI
A SCSI protocol and signal definition providing 16-bit wide data path.
Write-Back Cache
A caching strategy whereby write operations result in a completion signal
being sent to the host operating system as soon as the cache (not the disk
drive) receives the data to be written. The target disk drive will receive the
data at a more appropriate time in order to increase controller performance.
An optional cache battery backup can be used to protect against data loss as
a result of a power failure or system crash.
Write-Through Cache
A caching strategy whereby data is written to the SCSI drive before a
completion status is returned to the host operating system. This caching
strategy is considered more secure, since a power failure will be less likely to
cause loss of data. However, a write through cache results in a slightly lower
performance.
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DAC960PG and DAC960PJ Installation Guide
DAC960 Problem Report
Customer Identification
Name: ___________________________________
Company: ________________________________
Address: _________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
Country: _________________________________
Phone Number:____________________________
Fax Number:______________________________
DAC960 Identification
Date:
Purchase Date:
Model
Invoice Number:
Serial Number:
# Chnls:
Cache:
Firmware Ver: BIOS Ver:
Make/Model/Size/Type of
Drives:
Disk:
Non-Disk:
System Information
Motherboard: ____________
Video Adapter: ___________
Operating Sys: ___________
CPU Speed:
Network Card:
Other Disk Ctrl:
Pack Configuration
System Drive Configuration
Indicate in matrix below 1, 2... for member of pack 1, pack 2... respective- System Size
ly. Indicate S, T, C, or O for Standby, Tape, CDROM and other drives.
Drive
Channel
0
1
2
BIOS Ver:
MB Memory:
Other Cards:
SCSI ID
0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
RAID
Level
Write
Back/
Thru
Problem Description
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
This DPR form has been included with your Mylex product as a convenience to both you and our Technical
Services Department. If filled out completely, this will greatly assist Mylex personnel in quickly resolving
any technical problems or questions you may have. Use the Mylex fax number (510) 745-7715 to transmit
this form to the Technical Services Department, or mail to Mylex Corporation, Technical Services Department,
34551 Ardenwood Blvd., Fremont, CA 94555-3607
772014-DAC960
Mylex Warranty - Customer Policy
Thank you for purchasing this Mylex product for your computer system. In addition to this high-quality product,
your purchase entitles you to the warranty coverage set forth herein. In order to provide this warranty coverage, and
to indicate your acceptance of this warranty, we must have the attached Warranty Registration Card completed and
returned to us within 15 days of your purchase. Also, in order for us to provide you the highest level of service, we
must know where you purchased your MYLEX product.
Three Year Limited Warranty
If at any time during the thirty six month period immediately following the date of original purchase of the MYLEX
product enclosed herewith (the “PRODUCT”) you discover one or more defects in the material or workmanship,
MYLEX will repair, or at MYLEX’s sole option, replace the PRODUCT. If the PRODUCT fails to operate at any
time within seven days after the date of its original purchase, it will be replaced by MYLEX. Such repair or replacement will be your sole remedy against MYLEX, and MYLEX’s only liability to you, for any failure or malfunction
of the PRODUCT. The warranty set forth in this paragraph will be void if:
1. The PRODUCT has been installed in an improper manner or in an improper operating environment.
2. The PRODUCT has been modified or repaired by any party other than MYLEX or a MYLEX factory authorized
service center.
3. The PRODUCT has been damaged.
Some MYLEX products will have a Warranty Expiration Date label affixed to the product itself. When present, the
warranty period will extend through the last day of the month indicated.
This warranty will not apply to, and MYLEX provides no warranty for, any BIOS, software, ROM-based firmware,
or any other PRODUCT developed or manufactured by any third party, whether included with this PRODUCT or
not. Such warranty or warranties as are provided by third parties, to the extent permitted thereby, shall be made
available, and are hereby assigned, by MYLEX to the purchaser of this PRODUCT.
If MYLEX issues a revision to the BIOS, firmware or software included with this PRODUCT within 30 days of
your purchase, MYLEX will replace such firmware at no charge except handling fees.
Out of Warranty Service
Mylex products which are ineligible for warranty service may be serviced by MYLEX according to our standard
price list, as modified from time to time. A current copy of the standard price list is available from the Technical
Support Department.
Limitation of MYLEX Liability
MYLEX’s liability arising from the sale, use and disposition of this PRODUCT shall in no event exceed the amount
paid to MYLEX for this PRODUCT. MYLEX assumes no liability for damages arising from the use or failure of
any MYLEX product. The WARRANY DESCRIBED ABOVE CONSTITUTES THE ONLY WARRANY MADE
BY MYLEX. MYLEX EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMS ANY AND ALL OTHER WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND
WHATSOEVER, WHETHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, WHICH ARE HEREBY EXPRESSLY
EXCLUDED. IN NO EVENT WILL MYLEX BE LIABLE FOR INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION LOSS OF DATA, USE, OR INCOME), EVEN IF
ADVISED OF SUCH DAMAGES IN ADVANCE. Your sole remedies shall be as provided herein.
P/N: 772058-07
3-99
Printed in U.S.A.
Returned Merchandise Procedures
If you suspect that there is a defect in the material or workmanship of this PRODUCT, you should contact the person or company from which you purchased it. That person or company may be able to solve the problem and if not,
will be able to contact us for technical assistance or repair.
If it is determined that the PRODUCT must be returned to MYLEX for repair or replacement, contact MYLEX’s
Technical Support Department at 510-608-2400 before it is returned. Each returned item must have a separate
Return Merchandise Authorization (RMA) number, provided by MYLEX.
The following rules apply to all returned items:
1. The PRODUCT must be returned either in its original packaging or in other packaging which is appropriate for
the PRODUCT and the manner of shipment, and the RMA number must be displayed prominently on the outside of
each such package.
2. If a PRODUCT is determined to be ineligible for warranty service, the customer will be notified before any further action is taken with the PRODUCT.
3. MYLEX will not be responsible for any loss or damage to property shipped with the RMA PRODUCT not originally sold by MYLEX (e.g., coprocessor chips, peripheral boards, memory modules, enclosures, power supplies, or
any other accessories or attached items).
4. Any item returned to MYLEX without a valid RMA number will be returned to the shipper.
Products shipped to MYLEX must be shipped or mailed at the shipper’s risk, freight prepaid, to the address below.
Mylex Corporation
34551 Ardenwood Blvd.
Fremont, California U.S.A.
94555-3607
Mylex will pay for return freight via such carrier as MYLEX shall deem appropriate.
Technical Support
Technical support, to assist you in resolving problems with MYLEX products, is available through MYLEX’s Technical Support Department. In the U.S.A., the Technical Support Department can be reached by telephone at (510)
608-2400, by FAX at (510) 745-7715, or by e-mail at support@mylex.com. Current hours of operation, which are
subject to change, are from 6:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. Pacific Time, Mondays through Fridays, excluding U.S.A.
national holidays. Many problems can also be solved using the Mylex Web site (http://www.mylex.com), which
has a support area available 24 hours a day for interactive technical support.
Included with the shipment of most MYLEX products is a System Problem Report (SPR) form. When contacting
the Technical Support Department for assistance with an installation or compatibility problem, we recommend that
this form be completed and sent by facsimile or mail to MYLEX. Completion of this form will allow our Technical
Support Department to solve most technical problems expeditiously.
Mylex will make reasonable efforts to address compatibility problems which may arise with respect to third party
products, but shall not be responsible for the compatibility of its products with the products of any third party. Customers are advised to verify each product’s compatibility with their installation before committing to any particular
procurement plan.