Use & care guide | American Water Heater 395T1806NOX Water Heater User Manual

Residential Gas
Water Heater
with the Flame Guard™
Safety System
Installation
Instructions and
Use & Care Guide
WARNING: If the information in these
instructions is not followed exactly, a fire
or explosion may result causing property
damage, personal injury or death.
Do not store or use gasoline or other
flammable vapors and liquids in the
vicinity of this or any other appliance.
WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL GAS
•
Do not try to light any appliance.
•
Do not touch any electrical switch;
do not use any phone in your
building.
•
Immediately call your gas supplier
from a neighbor’s phone. Follow
the gas supplier’s instructions.
•
If you cannot reach your gas
supplier, call the fire department.
Installation and service must be performed
by a qualified installer, service agency or
the gas supplier.
INSTALLER:
• AFFIX THESE INSTRUCTIONS TO OR ADJACENT
TO THE WATER HEATER.
OWNER:
• RETAIN THESE INSTRUCTIONS AND WARRANTY
FOR FUTURE REFERENCE. RETAIN THE ORIGINAL
RECEIPT AS PROOF OF PURCHASE.
(Flammable Vapor Ignition Resistant)
NATURAL & L.P. GAS MODELS
To obtain technical, warranty, or service assistance during or after
the installation of this water heater, or call toll free
1-800-999-9515
When calling for assistance, please have the following
information ready:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Model number
7 digit product number
Serial number
Date of installation
Place of purchase
Table of Contents ......................................................
2
LOW LEAD
CONTENT
1
319407-002
April 2013
WATER HEATER SAFETY
Your safety and the safety of others are very important.
We have provided many important safety messages in this manual and on your appliance. Always read and obey all
safety messages.
This is the safety alert symbol.
This symbol alerts you to potential hazards that can kill or hurt you and others.
All safety messages will follow the safety alert symbol and either the word “DANGER” or
“WARNING.” These words mean:
indicates an imminently hazardous situation which. If
not avoided, will result in death or injury.
indicates apotentially hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, could result in death or injury.
All safety messages will tell you what the potential hazard is, tell you how to reduce the chance of injury, and tell you
what can happen if the instructions are not followed.
•
•
Important Instructions
Do not use this appliance if any part has been under water. Immediately call a qualified person. Water heaters subjected to flood conditions or any time the gas controls, main burner or pilot have been submerged in water require
replacement of the entire water heater.
Hydrogen gas can be produced in a hot water system that has not been used for a long period of time (generally
two weeks or more). Hydrogen gas is extremely flammable and can ignite when exposed to a spark or flame. To
prevent the possibility of injury under these conditions, we recommend the hot water faucet be opened for several
minutes at the kitchen sink before using any electrical appliance which is connected to the hot water system. If
hydrogen is present, there will probably be an unusual sound such as air escaping through the faucet as water
begins to flow. Do not smoke or have any open flame near the faucet at the time it is open.
The California Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act requires the Governor of California to publish a list of
substances known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm, and requires
businesses to warn of potential exposure to such substances.
•
WARNING: This product contains a chemical known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or
other reproductive harm.
•
This appliance can cause low-level exposure to some of the substances listed in the act.
This product is certified to comply with a maximum weighted average of 0.25% lead content as required in some areas.
Table Of Contents
PAGE
Water Heater Safety .............................................................................. 1-2
Installing Your Gas Water Heater ........................................................ 3-15
Unpacking the Water Heater........................................................... 3
Location Requirements ................................................................ 4-5
Gas Supply .................................................................................. 6-7
Combustion Air Supply and Ventilation ...................................... 7-11
Water System Piping ............................................................... 12-13
Temperature & Pressure Relief Valve ........................................... 14
Special Applications ...................................................................... 15
Installation Checklist ..................................................................... 16
Operating Your Water Heater ............................................................ 17-22
Lighting Instructions ...................................................................... 17
Electrical Connections .................................................................. 20
Operating the Temperature Control System ................................. 21
Operational Conditions ................................................................. 22
Maintenance of Your Water Heater ................................................... 23-28
Troubleshooting Charts ..................................................................... 28-32
Repair Parts Illustration ..................................................................... 33-34
2
INSTALLING YOUR GAS WATER HEATER
Important Information About
This Water Heater
This gas water heater was manufactured to voluntary
safety standards to reduce the likelihood of a flammable
vapor ignition incident. New technology used in meeting
these standards makes this product more sensitive to
installation errors or improper installation environments.
Please review the Installation Checklist found at the end of
the installation instructions section and make any required
installation upgrades or changes.
installed in accordance with Massachusetts Plumbing and
Fuel Gas Code 248 CMR Section 2.00 and 5.00.
A data plate identifying your water heater can be found next
to the gas control valve/thermostat. When referring to your
water heater, always have the information listed on the data
plate readily available.
Retain your original receipt as proof of purchase.
Unpacking the Water Heater
WARNING
Consumer Information
Excessive Weight Hazard
Use two or more people to move and install
water heater.
This water heater is design-certified by CSA International
as a Category I, non-direct vented water heater which takes
its combustion air either from the installation area or from
air ducted to the unit from the outside.
This water heater must be installed according to all local
and state codes or, in the absence of local and state codes,
the “National Fuel Gas Code”, ANSI Z223.1(NFPA 54)current edition. This is available from the following:
CSA America, Inc.
8501 East Pleasant Valley Road
Cleveland, OH 44131
National Fire Protection Association
1 Batterymarch Park
Quincy, MA 02269
Check your phone listings for the local authorities having
jurisdiction over your installation.
Consumer Responsibilities
Failure to do so can result in back or
other injury.
IMPORTANT: Do not remove any permanent instructions,
labels, or the data label from either the outside of the water
heater or on the inside of water heater panels.
•
Remove exterior packaging and place installation components aside.
•
Inspect all parts for damage prior to installation and
start-up.
•
Completely read all instructions before attempting to
assemble and install this product.
•
After installation, dispose of/recycle all packaging
materials.
This manual has been prepared to acquaint you with the
installation, operation, and maintenance of your gas water
heater and provide important safety information in these
areas.
Read all of the instructions thoroughly before attempting
the installation or operation of this water heater.
Do not discard this manual. You or future users of this
water heater will need it for future reference.
Service to the Flame Guard™ Safety System should only be
performed by a qualified person.
Examples of a qualified person include: licensed plumbers,
authorized gas company personnel, and authorized
service personnel.
IMPORTANT: The manufacturer and seller of this water
heater will not be liable for any damages, injuries, or
deaths caused by failure to comply with the installation and
operating instructions outlined in this manual.
If you lack the necessary skills required to properly install
this water heater, or you have difficulty following the
instructions, you should not proceed but have a qualified
person perform the installation of this water heater.
Massachusetts code requires this water heater to be
3
WARNING
FLAMMABLES
Flammable Vapors
FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD
Can result in serious injury or death
Do not store or use gasoline or other
flammable vapors and liquids in the
vicinity of this or any other appliance.
Storage of or use of gasoline or other
flammable vapors or liquids in the vicinity
of this or any other appliance can result in
serious injury or death.
Read and follow water heater warnings and
instructions.
Location Requirements
WARNING
Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Hazard
Do not install in a mobile home.
Doing so can result in death or
carbon monoxide poisoning.
The FVIR System is designed to reduce the risk of
flammable vapor-related fires. Flammable liquids (such as
gasoline, solvents, propane, etc,) emit flammable vapors
which can be ignited by a gas water heater’s spark igniter
or main burner. The resulting flashback and fire can cause
death or serious burns to anyone in the area.
Figure 1:
FV Sensor
ignition resistant water heater and is designed to reduce
the chances of flammable vapors being ignited, gasoline
and other flammable substances should never be stored
or used in the same vicinity or area containing a gas water
heater or other open flame or spark producing appliance.
In the event the FVIR system does not prevent the ignition
of flammable vapors, the Flame Guard™ Safety System
is designed to reduce the risk of flammable vapor-related
fires.
The patented Flame Guard™ Safety System protects your
family by trapping the burning vapors within the water
heater combustion chamber through the special flame-trap.
The burning vapors literally “burn themselves out” without
escaping back into the room. In the event of a flammable
vapor incident, the Flame Guard™ Safety System disables
the water heater by shutting off the gas supply to the
water heater’s burner and pilot, preventing re-ignition of
any remaining flammable vapors in the area. This will not
prevent a possible fire/explosion if the igniter activates and
flammable vapors have accumulated in the combustion
chamber with the pilot light off. If you suspect a flammable
vapor incident has occurred, do not use this appliance.
Do not attempt to light this appliance if you suspect
flammable vapors have accumulated inside or outside the
appliance. Immediately call a qualified person to inspect
the appliance. Water heaters subjected to a flammable
vapors incident will show a discoloration on the flame-trap
and require replacement of the entire water heater. NOTE:
Not following these instructions and/or an inadequate air
supply can cause the Flame Guard™ Safety System to
disable the water heater. Please make required installation
and venting/air supply changes prior to resetting the system
(see “Combustion Air Supply and Ventilation” section).
IMPORTANT: This water heater has a resettable thermal
switch installed as part of the Flame Guard™ Safety System.
Do not attempt to disable or modify this feature in any way.
Do not use or store flammable products such as gasoline,
solvents, or adhesives in the same room or area near the
water heater. If such flammables must be used, all gas
burning appliances in the vicinity must be shut off and their
pilot lights extinguished. Open the doors and windows for
ventilation while flammable substances are in use.
If flammable liquids or vapors have spilled or leaked in the
area of the water heater, leave the area immediately and
call the fire department from a neighbor’s home. Do not
attempt to clean the spill until all ignition sources have been
extinguished.
Keep combustibles such as boxes, magazines, clothes,
etc. away from the water heater area.
Site Location
•
FV Sensor
•
This heater is equipped with an FV sensor for detecting the
presence of flammable vapors. When the sensor detects
those vapors, the unit will shut down and not operate.
Should this happen, please refer to the troubleshooting
guide. Even though this water heater is a flammable vapors
4
Select a location near the center of the water piping
system. The water heater must be installed indoors and
in a vertical position on a level surface. Do not install in
bathrooms, bedrooms, or any occupied room normally
kept closed.
Locate the water heater as close to the chimney or gas
vent as practical. Consider the vent system piping and
combustion air supply requirements when selecting the
water heater location. The venting system must be able
to run from the water heater to termination with minimal
length and elbows.
•
Locate the water heater near the existing gas piping.
If installing a new gas line, locate the water heater to
minimize the pipe length and elbows.
NOTE: This water heater must be installed according to all
local and state codes or, in the absence of local and state
codes, the “National Fuel Gas Code”, ANSI Z223.1(NFPA
54)-current edition.
IMPORTANT: The water heater should be located
in an area where leakage of the tank or connections
will not result in damage to the area adjacent to the
water heater or to lower floors of the structure. Due
to the normal corrosive action of the water, the tank
will eventually leak after an extended period of time.
Also any external plumbing leak, including those from
improper installation, may cause early failure of the tank
due to corrosion if not repaired. If the homeowner is
uncomfortable with making the repair a qualified person
should be contacted. A suitable metal drain pan should
be installed under the water heater as shown below,
to help protect the property from damage which may
occur from condensate formation or leaks in the piping
connections or tank. The pan must limit the water level
to a maximum depth of 1-3/4” and be two inches wider
than the heater and piped to an adequate drain.
NOTE: The pan must not restrict combustion air flow.
Locate the water heater near an adequate indoor drain.
The discharge pipe must terminate a maximum of six
inches above a floor drain or external to the building. In
cold climates, it is recommended that the discharge pipe
be terminated at an adequate drain inside the building.
Outside drains are subject to freezing temperatures
which can obstruct the drain line. The piping should be
at least 3/4” ID and pitched for proper drainage. Under
no circumstances will the manufacturer or seller of this
water heater be held liable for any water damage which
is caused by your failure to follow these instructions.
Figure 2
Drain Pan
Installation
DISCHARGE PIPE
(DO NOT CAP OR PLUG)
METAL
DRAIN
PAN
AT LEAST 2” GREATER THAN THE
DIAMETER OF THE WATER HEATER.
•
•
•
conditions these devices may create. Flow reversal of
flue gases may cause an increase of carbon monoxide
inside of the dwelling.
If the water heater is located in an area that is
subjected to lint, dirt, and oil, it may be necessary
to periodically clean the flame-trap (see “External
Inspection & Cleaning of the Flame-trap” section).
Figure 3
Air-moving
Devices
Exhaust
Fan
Reverse flow
of gases
Clearances and Accessibility
NOTE: Minimum clearances from combustible surfaces are
stated on the data plate adjacent to the gas control valve/
thermostat of the water heater.
The water heater is certified for installation on a
combustible floor.
• IMPORTANT: If installing over carpeting, the carpeting
must be protected by a metal or wood panel beneath
the water heater. The protective panel must extend
beyond the full width and depth of the water heater by
at least three inches (76.2mm) in any direction; or if in
an alcove or closet installation, the entire floor must be
covered by the panel.
• Figure 4 may be used as a reference guide to locate
the specific clearance locations. A minimum of 24
inches of front clearance should be provided for
inspection and service.
Figure 4
Minimum Clearance
Locations
6” MAXIMUM
AIR GAP
Back
Vent
Top
to
ceiling
Sides
PIPED TO AN
The water heater should be located in an area not
subject to freezing temperatures. Water heaters located
in unconditioned spaces (i.e., attics, basements,
etc.) may require insulation of the water piping and
drain piping to protect against freezing. The drain and
controls must be easily accessible for operation and
service. Maintain proper clearances as specified on the
data plate.
Do not locate the water heater near an air-moving
device. The operation of air-moving devices such as
exhaust fans, ventilation systems, clothes dryers,
fireplaces, etc., can affect the proper operation of
the water heater. Special attention must be given to
Front
24” minimum
for service
Sides
Top
View
State of California
NOTE: For California installation, this water heater must
be braced, anchored, or strapped to avoid falling or moving
during an earthquake. Correct installation procedure
instructions may be obtained from California’s Office of the
State Architect, 1102 Q street, Suite 5100, Sacramento,
CA 95811. Instructions can also be downloaded to your
computer at www.dsa.dgs.ca.gov/Pubs.
5
Gas Supply
Figure 5
Gas Piping
Manual Gas
Shut-off Valve
WARNING
Ground
Joint
Union
Check with local
utility for
minimum height
3” Minimum
Explosion Hazard
Use a new CSA approved gas supply line.
Install a shut-off valve.
Do not connect a natural gas water heater to
an L.P. gas supply.
Do not connect an L.P. gas water heater to
a natural gas supply.
Failure to follow these instructions can
result in death, explosion, or
carbon monoxide poisoning.
Gas Requirements
IMPORTANT: Read the data plate to be sure the water
heater is made for the type of gas you will be using in
your home. This information will be found on the data
plate located near the gas control valve/thermostat. If the
information does not agree with the type of gas available,
do not install or light. Call your dealer.
NOTE: An odorant is added by the gas supplier to the gas
used by this water heater. This odorant may fade over an
extended period of time. Do not depend upon this odorant
as an indication of leaking gas.
Gas Piping
The gas piping must be installed according to all local and state
codes or, in the absence of local and state codes, the “National
Fuel Gas Code”, ANSI Z223.1(NFPA 54)-current edition.
Tables 1 and 2 on page 7 provides a sizing reference for
commonly used gas pipe materials. Consult the “National
Fuel Gas Code” for the recommended gas pipe size of other
materials.
Refer to Figure 5
NOTE: When installing gas piping, apply approved pipe joint
compound.
1. Install a readily accessible manual shut-off valve in the
gas supply line as recommended by the local utility.
Know the location of this valve and how to turn off the
gas to this unit.
2. Install a sediment trap (if not already incorporated
as part of the water heater) as shown. The sediment
trap must be no less than three inches long for the
accumulation of dirt, foreign material, and water droplets.
3. Install a ground joint union between the gas control
valve/thermostat and the manual shut-off valve. This
is to allow easy removal of the gas control valve/
thermostat.
4. Turn the gas supply on and check for leaks. Test all
connections by brushing on an approved noncorrosive
leak-detection solution. Bubbles will show a leak.
Correct any leak found.
6
Sediment Trap
Gas Pressure
IMPORTANT: The gas supply pressure must not exceed the
maximum supply pressure as stated on the water heater’s data
plate. The minimum supply pressure is for the purpose of input
adjustment.
Gas Pressure Testing
IMPORTANT: This water heater and its gas connection must
be leak tested before placing the appliance in operation.
• If the code requires the gas lines to be tested at a pressure
exceeding 14” W.C., the water heater and its manual shutoff valve must be disconnected from the gas supply piping
system and the line capped.
• If the gas lines are to be tested at a pressure less than
14” W.C., the water heater must be isolated from the gas
supply piping system by closing its manual shut-off valve.
U.L. recognized fuel gas and carbon monoxide (CO) detectors
are recommended in all applications and should be installed
using the manufacturer’s instructions and local codes, rules, or
regulations.
NOTE: Air may be present in the gas lines and could prevent
the pilot from lighting on initial start-up. The gas lines should
be purged of air by a qualified person after installation of the
gas piping system. While purging the gas piping system of air,
make sure that the fuel is not spilled in the area of the water
heater installation, or any source of ignition. If the fuel is spilled
while purging the piping system of air follow the “WHAT TO DO
IF YOU SMELL GAS” instructions on the cover of this manual.
LP Gas Only
WARNING
Explosion Hazard
Have a qualified person make sure L.P. gas
pressure does not exceed 13” water column.
Examples of a qualified person include:
licensed plumbers, authorized gas company
personnel, and authorized service
personnel.
Failure to do so can result in death,
explosion, or fire.
BTU/HR.
Combustion Air Supply and
Ventilation
WARNING
Carbon Monoxide Hazard
Water heater must be vented to outdoors.
Vent must be installed by a qualified person
using the installation instructions.
Examples of a qualified person include:
gas technicians,
authorized gas company personnel,
and authorized service persons.
Failure to follow these instructions can result
in death or carbon monoxide poisoning.
IMPORTANT: Air for combustion and ventilation must
not come from a corrosive atmosphere. Any failure due
to corrosive elements in the atmosphere is excluded from
warranty coverage.
The following types of installation (not limited to the
following) will require outdoor air for combustion due to
chemical exposure and may reduce but not eliminate the
presence of corrosive chemicals in the air:
•
beauty shops
•
photo processing labs
•
buildings with indoor pools
•
water heaters installed in laundry, hobby, or craft rooms
•
water heaters installed near chemical storage areas
Combustion air must be free of acid-forming chemicals
such as sulfur, fluorine, and chlorine. These elements are
found in aerosol sprays, detergents, bleaches, cleaning
solvents, air fresheners, paint, and varnish removers,
refrigerants, and many other commercial and household
products. When burned, vapors from these products form
highly corrosive acid compounds. These products should
not be stored or used near the water heater or air inlet.
Combustion and ventilation air requirements are
determined by the location of the water heater. The water
heater may be located in either an open (unconfined) area
or in a confined area or small enclosure such as a closet or
small room. Confined spaces are areas with less than 50
cubic feet for each 1,000 BTU/HR of the total input for all
gas-using appliances.
7
Unconfined Space
A water heater in an unconfined space uses indoor air for
combustion and requires at least 50 cubic feet for each
1,000 BTU/HR of the total input for all gas appliances. The
table below shows a few examples of the minimum square
footage (area) required for various BTU/HR inputs.
Table 3
BTU/HR
Input
Minimum Square
Feet with
8' Ceiling
Typical Room
with 8' Ceiling
30,000
188
9 x 21
45,000
281
14 x 20
60,000
375
15 x 25
75,000
469
15 x 31
90,000
563
20 x 28
105,000
657
20 x 33
120,000
750
25 x 30
135,000
844
28 x 30
IMPORTANT:
•
The area must be open and be able to provide the
proper air requirements to the water heater. Areas that
are being used for storage or contain large objects may
not be suitable for water heater installation.
•
Water heaters installed in open spaces in buildings with
unusually tight construction may still require outdoor
air to function properly. In this situation, outside air
openings should be sized the same as for a confined
space.
•
Figure 6
Opening LocationsConfined Spaces
12” maximum
Permanent
openings to
the outside or
additional
rooms within
the building
12” maximum
All Air from Inside the Building
When additional air is to be provided to the confined area
from additional room(s) within the building, the total volume
of the room(s) must be of sufficient size to properly provide
the necessary amount of fresh air to the water heater
and other gas utilization equipment in the area. If you are
unsure that the structure meets this requirement, contact
your local gas utility company or other qualified agency for
a safety inspection.
Each of the two openings shall have a minimum free area
of 1 square inch per 1,000 BTU/HR of the total input rating
of all gas utilization equipment in the confined area, but not
less than 100 square inches (Figure 7).
Confined
Space
Modern home construction usually requires supplying
outside air into the water heater area.
Permanent
Openings
Confined Space
For the correct and proper operation of this water heater,
ample air must be supplied for the combustion, ventilation,
and dilution of flue gases. Small enclosures and confined
areas must have two permanent openings so that sufficient
fresh air can be drawn from outside of the enclosure. One
opening shall be within 12 inches of the top and one within
12 inches of the bottom of the enclosure as shown in
Figure 6.
The size of each opening (free area) is determined by the
total BTU/HR input of all gas utilization equipment (i.e.,
water heaters, furnaces, clothes dryers, etc.) and the
method by which the air is provided. The BTU/HR input can
be found on the water heater data plate. Additional air can
be provided by two methods:
1. All air from inside the building.
2. All air from outdoors.
8
Closet
or
other
confined
space
1 square
inch/1000
BTU/HR
(minimum
100 sq. In.)
Figure 7
All Air from Inside Building
Confined Space Installation
All Air from Outdoors
Outdoor fresh air can be provided to a confined area either
directly or by the use of vertical and horizontal ducts. The
fresh air can be taken from the outdoors or from crawl or
attic spaces that freely communicate with the outdoors.
Attic or crawl spaces cannot be closed and must be
properly ventilated to the outside.
Ductwork must be of the same cross-sectional area as
the free area of the opening to which they connect. The
minimum dimension of rectangular air ducts cannot be less
than three inches.
The size of each of the two openings is determined by the
method in which the air is to be provided. Refer to Table
4 to calculate the minimum free area for each opening.
Figures 8, 9, and 10 are typical examples of each method.
Louvers and Grilles
In calculating free area for ventilation and combustion
air supply openings, consideration must be given to the
blocking effect of protection louvers, grilles, and screens.
These devices can reduce airflow, which in turn may
require larger openings to achieve the required minimum
free area. Screens must not be smaller than 1/4” mesh. If
the free area through a particular design of louver or grille
is known, it should be used in calculating the specified free
area of the opening. If the design and free area are not
known, it can be assumed that most wood louvers will allow
20 - 25% of free area while metal louvers and grilles will
allow 60 - 75% of free area.
Gable vent
to outdoors
Install above
insulation
Confined
Space
Alternate
Air Inlet
1 sq. inch per
4000 BTU/HR
Opening Source
Minimum Free Area
Per Opening (sq. in.)
* Direct to outdoors 1 sq. in, per 4000 BTU/HR
Install above
insulation
Confined
Space
Figure 9
All Air from Outdoors
Through Ventilated Attic
Figure 9
Horizontal ducts
1 sq. in, per 2000 BTU/HR
Figure 10
Single Opening
1 sq. in, per 3000 BTU/HR
Figure 11
Example: A water heater with an input rate of 50,000 BTU/HR
using horizontal ducts would require each opening to have a
minimum free area of 25 square inches.
Minimum free area = 50,000 BTU/HR x 1 sq. in. / 2000 BTU/HR =
25 Sq. Inches.
These openings connect directly with the outdoors
through a ventilated attic, a ventilated crawl space, or
through an outside wall.
Consult the local codes of your area for specific ventilation
and combustion air requirements.
12” maximum
1 sq. inch
per
2000 BTU/HR
Figure 8
1 sq. in, per 4000 BTU/HR
Outlet air
to attic
1 Sq. inch per
4000 BTU/HR
Inlet air duct
1 sq. inch per
4000 BTU/HR
Reference
Drawing
Vertical ducts
Open
Foundation
Vent
Gable vent
to outdoors
Keep louvers and grilles clean and free of debris or other
obstructions.
Minimum Free Area of Permanent Openings for Ventilation and
Combustion Air Supply - All Air from Outdoors Only.
Based on the total BTU/HR input rating for all utilizing equipment within the confined space.
Inlet air
from the
crawl
space
Figure 8
All Air from Outdoors; Inlet Air from Ventilated
Crawl Space/Outlet Air to Ventilated Attic
Louvers and grilles must be locked open or interconnected
with the equipment so that they are opened automatically
during equipment operation.
Table 4
Outlet
air to attic
1 Sq. inch per
4000 BTU/HR
Confined
Space
Outlet
Outdoor
Air Ducts
Inlet
*
Figure 10
All Air from Outdoors
Using Horizontal Ducts
1 sq. Inch
per
2000 BTU/HR
9
Figure 12
Draft hood Installation
Alternative
Opening
Location
Confined
Space
Draft hood
Flue Damper
1 sq. Inch
Per 3000 BTU/HR
Draft hood
Leg Tips*
* Twist or bend the leg tips to secure the draft hood to the flue damper
Figure 11
All Air from Outdoors
Using a Single Permanent Opening
Vent Pipe System
This water heater uses a non-direct, single-pipe vent
system to remove exhaust gases created by the burning of
fossil fuels. Air for combustion is taken from the immediate
water heater location or is ducted in from the outside (see
“Combustion Air Supply and Ventilation” section).
This water heater must be properly vented for the removal
of exhaust gases to the outside atmosphere. Correct
installation of the vent pipe system is mandatory for the
proper and efficient operation of this water heater and is an
important factor in the life of the unit.
The vent pipe must be installed according to all local and
state codes or, in the absence of local and state codes, the
“National Fuel Gas Code”, ANSI Z223.1(NFPA 54)-current
edition. The vent pipe installation must not be obstructed so
as to prevent the removal of exhaust gases to the outside
atmosphere.
IMPORTANT: The use of vent dampers is not
recommended by the manufacturer of this water heater.
Although some vent dampers are certified by CSA
International, this certification applies to the vent damper
device only and does not mean they are certified for use on
this water heater.
U.L. recognized fuel gas and carbon monoxide (CO)
detectors are recommended in all applications and should
be installed using the manufacturer’s instructions and local
codes, rules, or regulations.
IMPORTANT: If you lack the necessary skills required
to properly install this venting system, you should not
proceed, but get help from a qualified person.
Draft Hood Installation
Align the legs of the draft hood with the slots provided.
Insert the draft hood leg tips into slots on the flue dampers
flange as shown in Figure 12. Secure the draft hood by
twisting or bending the leg tips. See Figure 12. Do not alter
the draft hood in any way. If you are replacing an existing
water heater, be sure to use the new draft hood supplied
with the water heater.
10
Vent Pipe Size
It is important that you follow the guidelines in these
instructions for sizing a vent pipe system. If a transition to
a larger vent size is required, the vent transition connection
must be made at the draft hood outlet.
Vent Connectors
1. Type B, Double wall, U.L. Listed Vent Pipe.
2. Single wall Vent Pipe.
Maintain the manufacturer’s specified minimum clearance
from combustible materials when using type B double wall
vent pipe.
Vent connectors made of type B, double wall vent pipe
material may pass through walls or partitions constructed
of combustible material if the minimum listed clearance is
maintained.
Maintain a six inch minimum clearance from all combustible
materials when using single wall vent pipe.
IMPORTANT: Single wall vent pipe cannot be used for
water heaters located in attics and may not pass through
attic spaces, crawl spaces or any confined or inaccessible
location. A single wall metal vent connector cannot pass
through any interior wall.
When installing a vent connector, please note the following:
•
Install the vent connector avoiding unnecessary bends,
which create resistance to the flow of vent gases.
• Install without dips or sags with an upward slope of at
least 1/4-inch per foot.
• Joints must be fastened by sheet metal screws or other
approved means. It must be supported to maintain
clearances and prevent separation of joints and
damage.
• The length of the vent connector cannot exceed 75% of
the vertical vent height.
• The vent connector must be accessible for cleaning,
inspection, and replacement.
• Vent connectors cannot pass through any ceiling, floor,
firewall, or fire partition.
• It is recommended (but not mandatory) that a minimum
12 inches of vertical vent pipe be installed on the draft
hood prior to any elbow in the vent system to improve
conditions for positive flow of venting gases.
IMPORTANT: Existing vent systems must be inspected for
obstructions, corrosion, and proper installation.
Chimney Connection
IMPORTANT: Before connecting a vent to a chimney,
make sure the chimney passageway is clear and free of
obstructions. The chimney must be cleaned if previously
used for venting solid fuel appliances or fireplaces. Also
consult local and state codes for proper chimney sizing and
application or, in the absence of local and state codes, the
“National Fuel Gas Code”, ANSI Z223.1(NFPA 54)-current
edition.
•
The connector must be installed above the extreme
bottom of the chimney to prevent potentially blocking
the flue gases.
• The connector must be firmly attached and sealed to
prevent it from falling out.
• To aid in removing the connector, a thimble or slip joint
may be used.
• The connector must not extend beyond the inner edge
of the chimney as it may restrict the space between it
and the opposite wall of the chimney (Figure 13).
Do not terminate the vent connector in a chimney that has
not been certified for this purpose. Some local codes may
prohibit the termination of vent connectors in a masonry
chimney.
Listed Lined
Chimney
Figure 13
Chimney Termination
Vent System
2 ft. minimum above any
object within10 ft.
horizontally
3 ft. minimum
*
Support
Strap
Slope up
1/4 in.
per ft.
minimum
Figure 14
3 ft. minimum
2 ft. minimum above any
object within10 ft.
horizontally
Support Strap
*
Vertical Exhaust Gas Vent
Vertical exhaust gas vents must be installed with U.L. listed
type B vent pipe according to the vent manufacturer’s
instructions and the terms of its listing.
It must be connected to the water heater’s draft hood by a
listed vent connector or by directly originating at the draft
hood opening.
Vertical gas vents must terminate with a listed cap or
other roof assembly and be installed according to their
manufacturer’s instructions.
Gas vents must be supported to prevent damage, joint
separation, and maintain clearances to combustible
materials (Figures 14 and 15).
IMPORTANT: This gas vent must be terminated in a
vertical position to facilitate the removal of the burnt gases.
An unused chimney flue or masonry enclosure may be
used as a passageway for the installation of a gas vent
(Figure 15).
Common (combined) venting is allowable with vertical type
B vent systems and lined masonry chimneys as long as
proper draft for the water heater is established under all
conditions of operation.
IMPORTANT: Do not common vent this water heater with
any power vented appliance.
Figures 13-15 are examples of vent pipe system
installations and may or may not be typical for your specific
application. Consult the “National Fuel Gas Code”, NFPA
54, ANSI Z223.1-current edition and the guidelines set forth
by prevailing local codes.
**
Vent
connector
slope up
1/4 in. per ft.
minimum
Figure 15
Venting Through
MAINTAIN MANUFACTURER’S
a Chimney
SPECIFIED MINIMUM CLEARANCE
with Type B
Double Wall
Vent Pipe.
SUPPORT
STRAP
*MAINTAIN
CLEARANCE
VENT
CONNECTOR
SLOPE UP
1/4 IN. PER FT.
MINIMUM
LISTED VENT CAP
**MAINTAIN
SPECIFIED
CLEARANCE
SEAL
VENT CONNECTOR
UNUSED CHIMNEY
FLUE OR MASONRY
ENCLOSURE
Maintain vent pipe clearance requirements to local, state
*and/or
the “National Fuel Gas Code”, ANSI Z223.1(NFPA
54)-current edition.
** NFPA 211, Standard for Chimneys, Fireplaces, Vents,
and Solid Fuel-Burning Appliances states that these
chimneys are intended to be installed in accordance with
the installation instructions provided with each chimney
support assembly. Minimum air space clearance to
combustible materials should be maintained as marked on
the chimney sections.
11
Water System Piping
Piping Installation
Piping, fittings, and valves should be installed according to
the installation drawing (Figure 16). If the indoor installation
area is subject to freezing temperatures, the water piping
must be protected by insulation.
The water supply pressure should not exceed 80 psi. If this
occurs, a pressure reducing valve with a bypass should be
installed in the cold water inlet line. This should be placed
on the supply to the entire house in order to maintain equal
hot and cold water pressures.
IMPORTANT: Heat cannot be applied to the water fittings
on the heater as they may contain nonmetallic parts. If
solder connections are used, solder the pipe to the adapter
before attaching the adapter to the hot and cold water
fittings.
7. After piping has been properly connected to the water
heater, remove the aerator at the nearest hot water
faucet. Open the hot water faucet and allow the tank to
completely fill with water. To purge the lines of any excess air, keep the hot water faucet open for 3 minutes
after a constant flow of water is obtained. Close the
faucet and check all connections for leaks.
Figure 16
Water Piping Installation
In a closed system use a
thermal expansion tank
Cold Water
Supply to Fixtures
Hot Water
Outlet
Main water supply
Cold Water
Inlet Valve
Union
Temperature and
Pressure Relief Valve
Discharge Pipe
Do Not Cap or Plug
Drain line 3/4”
ID minimum
IMPORTANT: Always use a good grade of joint compound
and be certain that all fittings are drawn up tight.
1. Install the water piping and fittings as shown in Figure
16. Connect the cold water supply (3/4” NPT) to the
fitting marked “C”. Connect the hot water supply (3/4”
NPT) to the fitting marked “H”.
IMPORTANT: Some models may contain energy saving
heat traps to prevent the circulation of hot water within the
pipes. Do not remove the inserts within the heat traps.
2. The installation of unions in both the hot and cold water
supply lines is recommended for ease of removing the
water heater for service or replacement.
3. The manufacturer of this water heater recommends
installing a mixing valve or an anti-scald device in the
domestic hot water line as shown in Figure 17. These
valves reduce the point-of-use temperature of the water
by mixing cold and hot water and are readily available
for use.
4. If installing the water heater in a closed water system,
install an expansion tank in the cold water line as
specified under “Closed System/Thermal Expansion”
section.
5. Install a shut-off valve in the cold water inlet line. It
should be located close to the water heater and be
easily accessible. Know the location of this valve and
how to shut off the water to the heater.
6. A temperature and pressure relief valve must be
installed in the opening marked “Temperature and
Pressure (T & P) Relief Valve” on the water heater.
A discharge line must be added to the opening of
the T&P Relief Valve. Follow the instructions under
“Temperature and Pressure Relief Valve” section.
12
Pressure reducing
valve with bypass
1”minimum
Metal
Drain Pan
1 3/4” depth maximum
Figure 17
Typical Mixing
Valve Installation
6” Maximum
Air Gap
Massachussetts:
Install a vacuum relief
in cold water line per
section 19 MGL 142.
Floor Drain
Cold
Water
Inlet
Follow the mixing
valve manufacturer’s
instructions.
Hot
Water
Outlet
Tempered water
to fixtures
Mixing valve
(Set to 120°F)
Please note the following:
•
The system should be installed only with piping that is
suitable for potable (drinkable) water such as copper,
CPVC, or polybutylene. This water heater must not be
installed using iron piping or PVC water piping.
•
Use only pumps, valves, or fittings that are compatible
with potable water.
•
Use only full flow ball or gate valves. The use of valves
that may cause excessive restriction to water flow is
not recommended.
•
Use only 95/5 tin-antimony or other equivalent solder.
Any lead based solder must not be used.
•
Piping that has been treated with chromates, boiler
seal, or other chemicals must not be used.
•
Chemicals that may contaminate the potable water
supply must not be added to the piping system.
•
This water heater is suitable for combination water
(potable) heating and space heating and not suitable
for space heating applications only.
Closed System/Thermal Expansion
WARNING
Explosion Hazard
If the temperature and pressure relief valve
is dripping or leaking, have a qualified
person replace it.
Examples of a qualified person include:
licensed plumbers, authorized gas company
personnel, and authorized service
personnel.
Do not plug valve.
Do not remove valve.
Failure to follow these instructions can
result in death, or explosion.
As water is heated, it expands (thermal expansion). In
a closed system, the volume of water will grow. As the
volume of water grows, there will be a corresponding
increase in water pressure due to thermal expansion.
Thermal expansion can cause premature tank failure
(leakage). This type of failure is not covered under the
limited warranty. Thermal expansion can also cause
intermittent temperature-pressure relief valve operation:
water discharged from the valve due to excessive pressure
build up. The temperature-pressure relief valve is not
intended for the constant relief of thermal expansion. This
condition is not covered under the limited warranty.
A properly-sized thermal expansion tank should be
installed on all closed systems to control the effects of
thermal expansion. Contact a plumbing service agency or
your retail supplier regarding the installation of a thermal
expansion tank.
13
Temperature and Pressure
Relief Valve
WARNING
Explosion Hazard
If the temperature and pressure relief valve
is dripping or leaking, have a qualified
person replace it.
Examples of a qualified person include:
licensed plumbers, authorized gas company
personnel, and authorized service
personnel.
Do not plug valve.
Do not remove valve.
Failure to follow these instructions can
result in death, or explosion.
Figure 18
Temperature and Pressure
Relief Valve Installation
Temperature and
Pressure Relief Valve
Discharge Pipe
(Do not cap or plug.)
Drain Line
3/4” ID minimum
6" Maximum
Air Gap
Floor
Drain
Metal Drain Pan
For protection against excessive pressures and
temperatures, a temperature and pressure relief valve must
be installed in the opening marked “T & P RELIEF VALVE”
(see Figure 18). This valve must be design certified by
a nationally recognized testing laboratory that maintains
periodic inspection of the production of listed equipment or
materials as meeting the requirements for Relief Valves and
Automatic Shut-off Devices for Hot Water Supply Systems,
ANSI Z21.22. The function of the temperature and pressure
relief valve is to discharge water in large quantities in the
event of excessive temperature or pressure developing
in the water heater. The valve’s relief pressure must not
exceed the working pressure of the water heater as stated
on the data plate.
14
IMPORTANT: Only a new temperature and pressure relief
valve should be used with your water heater. Do not use an
old or existing valve as it may be damaged or not adequate
for the working pressure of the new water heater. Do not
place any valve between the relief valve and the tank.
The Temperature & Pressure Relief Valve:
• Must not be in contact with any electrical part.
• Must be connected to an adequate discharge line.
• Must not be rated higher than the working pressure
shown on the data plate of the water heater.
The Discharge Line:
• Must not be smaller than the pipe size of the relief
valve or have any reducing coupling installed in the
discharge line.
• Must not be capped, blocked, plugged or contain any
valve between the relief valve and the end of the discharge line.
• Must terminate a maximum of six inches above a floor
drain or external to the building. In cold climates, it is
recommended that the discharge pipe be terminated at
an adequate drain inside the building.
• Must be capable of withstanding 250°F (121°C) without
distortion.
• Must be installed to allow complete drainage of both
the valve and discharge line.
T&P Relief Valve and Pipe Insulation (Some Models)
1. Locate the temperature and pressure relief valve on
the water heater (also known as a T&P relief valve).
See Figure 18.
2. Locate the slit running the length of the T&P relief
valve insulation.
3. Spread the slit open and fit the insulation over the T&P
relief valve. See Figure 19. Apply gentle pressure to
the insulation to ensure that it is fully seated on the
T&P Relief Valve. Once seated, secure the insulation
with duct tape, electrical tape, or equivalent.
IMPORTANT: The insulation or tape should not block
or cover the T&P relief valve drain opening. Also,
the insulation or tape should not block or hinder
access to the manual relief lever (Figure 19). Ensure
that a discharge pipe is installed into the T&P valve
discharge opening per the instructions in this manual.
4. Locate the hot water (outlet) & cold water (inlet) pipes
to the water heater.
5. Locate the slit running the length of a section of pipe
insulation.
6. Spread the slit open and slip the insulation over the
cold water (inlet) pipe. Apply gentle pressure along the
length of the insulation to ensure that it is fully seated
around the pipe. Also, ensure that the base of the
insulation is flush with the water heater. Once seated,
secure the insulation with duct tape, electrical tape, or
equivalent.
7. Repeat steps 5 and 6 for the hot water (outlet) pipe.
8. Add additional sections of pipe insulation as needed.
Figure 19
T&P Relief Valve Insulation
Manual Relief Lever
T&P Relief Valve
T&P Relief Valve
Drain Line
T&P Relief Valve Insulation
Special Applications
Combination Space Heating/Potable
Water System
Some water heater models are equipped with inlet/
outlet connections for use in space heating applications.
Note: this water heater, “Suitable for combination water
(potable) heating and space heating and not suitable for
space heating applications only.” If this water heater is to
be used to supply both space heating and potable (drinking
water), the instructions listed below must be followed.
•
Be sure to follow the manual(s) shipped with the air
handler system.
•
This water heater is not to be used as a replacement
for an existing boiler installation.
•
Do not use with piping that has been treated with
chromates, boiler seal or other chemicals and do not
add any chemicals to the water heater piping.
•
If the space heating system requires water temperatures in excess of 120°F, a mixing valve or an antiscald device should be installed per its manufacturer’s
instructions in the domestic (potable) hot water supply
to limit the risk of scald injury.
•
Pumps, valves, piping and fittings must be compatible
with potable water.
•
A properly installed flow control valve is required to prevent thermosiphoning. Thermosiphoning is the result
of a continuous flow of water through the air handler
circuit during the off cycle. Weeping (blow off) of the
temperature and pressure relief valve (T & P) or higher
than normal water temperatures are the first signs of
thermosiphoning.
•
The domestic hot water line from the water heater
should be vertical past any mixing valve or supply line
to the air handler to remove air bubbles from the system. Otherwise, these bubbles will be trapped in the air
handler heat exchanger coil, reducing the efficiency.
•
Do not connect the water heater to any system or
components previously used with non-potable water
heating appliances when used to supply potable water.
Some jurisdictions may require a backflow preventer
in the incoming cold water line. This may cause the
temperature and pressure relief valve on the water heater
to discharge or weep due to expansion of the heated water.
A diaphragm-type expansion tank suitable for potable
water will normally eliminate this weeping condition. Please
read and follow the manufacturer’s instructions for the
installation of such tanks.
Also see “Water System Piping” section for additional
instructions on the proper installation and operation of this
water heater.
Figure 16
Typical Mixing Valve Installation
Combination Space Heating/Potable
Water Heating System
Domestic
Hot Water
Out
Mixing
Valve
Hot
Water
Out
Must be vertical to
remove air bubbles
Cold Water Inlet
To
Air
Handler
Unions
Flow Control
Valve
Pump
In
Out
Coil
Discharge P ipe
Do Not Cap o r Plug
Shut-off
Valve
Air
Handler
6" Maximum
Air Gap
Metal Drain Pan
Floor Drain
Massachusetts code does
not allow this type installation.
Solar Installation
If this water heater is used as a solar storage heater or as a
backup for the solar system, the water supply temperatures
to the water heater tank may be in excess
of 120°F. A mixing valve or other temperature limiting valve
must be installed in the water supply line to limit the supply
temperature to 120°F. The unit must be set to Standard
Mode (See Operating the Temperature Control System
section).
NOTE: Solar water heating systems can often supply water
with temperatures exceeding 180°F and may result in water
heater malfunction.
15
Important Information About This Water Heater
This gas water heater was manufactured to voluntary safety standards to reduce the likelihood of a flammable vapor
ignition incident. The new technology used in meeting these standards makes this product more sensitive to installation
errors. Please review the following checklist and make any required installation upgrades or changes.
Questions? Call 1-877-817-6750.
Installation Checklist
Water Heater Location
□
Water heater location is important and can affect system
performance. Please check the following:
□
□
Installation area free of corrosive elements and
flammable materials.
□
Centrally located with the water piping system.
Located as close to the gas piping and vent pipe
system as possible.
Water heater must be located within 6 feet of
120VAC outlet.
Located indoors and in a vertical position. Protected
from freezing temperatures.
Proper clearances from combustible surfaces
maintained and not installed directly on a carpeted
floor.
Provisions made to protect the area from water
damage. Metal drain pan installed and piped to an
adequate drain.
Sufficient room to service the water heater. See
“Clearances and Accessibility” section of this
manual.
Water heater not located near an air moving device.
Is the installed environment dirty (excessive
amounts of lint, dirt, dust, etc.)? If so, the flame
arrestor located on the bottom of the water heater
will need to be cleaned periodically. Refer to the
“Maintenance of your Water Heater” section of this
manual for information on cleaning the flame-trap.
□
□
□
□
□
□
□
Combustion Air Supply and Ventilation
Check for sufficient combustion air supply. Insufficient air
for the combustion of gas will result in the flame becoming
“lazy”, thereby allowing heat to build up in the combustion
chamber. This excessive heat will cause a thermal switch
on the door assembly to trip. Is the water heater installed in
a closet or other small, enclosed space? If so:
□ Are there openings for make-up air to enter and
exit the room/area?
□ Are the openings of sufficient size? Remember,
if there are other gas-fired or air-consuming
appliances in the same room, you need more
make-up air. Refer to the “Location Requirements”
section of this water heater manual for specific
requirements.
Fresh air not taken from areas that contain negative
pressure producing devices such as exhaust fans,
fireplaces, etc.
□ Is there a furnace/air handler in the same room
space as the water heater? If so, has a return air
duct system been attached that exits the room?
If so, check for leaks on the air duct system. If no
air duct system is present, correct immediately
by contacting a local Heating, Ventilation, AirConditioning & Refrigeration (HVAC-R) authorized
service provider.
16
□
Fresh air supply free of corrosive elements and
flammable vapors.
Fresh air openings sized correctly with consideration
given to the blocking effect of louvers and grilles.
Ductwork is the same cross-sectional area as the
openings.
Vent Pipe System
Check for proper drafting at the water heater draft hood.
Refer to the “Checking the Draft” section of this manual for
the test procedure. If the procedure shows insufficient draft
is present, please check the following.
□
□
□
□
□
□
Draft hood properly installed.
Vent connectors securely fastened with screws and
supported properly to maintain six inch clearance.
Vent connector made of approved material and
sized correctly.
Vent pipe system installed according to all local
and state codes or, in the absence of local and
state codes, the “National Fuel Gas Code”, ANSI
Z223.1(NFPA 54)-current edition.
Check the vent system for restrictions/obstructions
and check the vent termination height. Refer to the
“Air Supply and Ventilation” section of this water
heater manual for specific requirements. NOTE:
This water heater utilizes an automatic flue damper
that remains closed when the water heater is not
operating. Damper must be in open position when
appliance main burner is operating. Do not attempt
to manually open/operate the damper. Damage to
the flue damper may result.
Recheck for sufficient combustion air supply.
Water System Piping
□
□
□
□
□
Temperature and pressure relief valve properly
installed with a discharge line run to an open drain
and protected from freezing.
All piping properly installed and free of leaks.
Heater completely filled with water.
Closed system pressure build-up devices installed.
Mixing valve (when applicable) installed per
manufacturer’s instructions (see “Water Temperature
Regulation” section).
Gas Supply and Piping
□
□
□
□
Gas type is the same as that listed on the water
heater data plate.
Gas line equipped with shut-off valve, union, and
sediment trap.
Adequate pipe size and approved pipe material.
An approved noncorrosive leak detection solution
used to check all connections and fittings for possible
gas leaks. Correct any leak found.
TEFLON ® is a registered trademark of E.I. Du Pont De Nemours and Company.
OPERATING YOUR WATER HEATER
Lighting Instructions
WARNING
Read and understand these directions thoroughly before
Explosion Hazard
attempting to start or re-start the water heater. Make sure
the viewport is not missing or damaged. (See Figure 28)
Make sure the tank is completely filled with water before
turning the power switch on. Check the data plate near the
gas control valve/thermostat for the correct gas. Do not use
this water heater with any gas other than the one listed on
the data plate. If you have any questions or doubts, consult
your gas supplier or gas utility company.
Replace viewport if glass is missing
or damaged.
Failure to do so can result in death,
explosion or fire.
FOR YOUR SAFETY READ BEFORE LIGHTING
WARNING: If you do not follow these instructions exactly, a fire or explosion
may result causing property damage, personal injury or loss of life.
A. This appliance is equipped with an ignition device
which automatically lights the pilot. Do not try to light the
pilot by hand
B. BEFORE LIGHTING smell all around the appliance area
for gas. Be sure to smell next to the floor because some
gas is heavier than air and will settle on the floor.
WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL GAS:
•
Do not try to light any appliance.
•
Do not touch any electrical switch; do not use any
phone in your building.
•
Immediately call your gas supplier from a
neighbor’s phone. Follow the gas supplier’s
instructions.
•
If you cannot reach your gas supplier, call the fire
department.
C. Use only your hand to turn the gas control temperature
knob. Never use tools. If the knob will not move by hand,
don’t try to repair it, call a qualified service technician.
Force or attempted repair may result in a fire or
explosion.
D. Do not use this appliance if any part has been under
water. Immediately call a qualified service technician to
inspect the appliance. Water heaters subjected to flood
conditions or anytime the gas controls, main burner or
pilot have been submerged in water require replacement
of the entire water heater.
E. DO NOT USE THIS APPLIANCE IF THERE HAS BEEN AN
IGNITION OF VAPORS. Immediately call a qualified service
technician to inspect the appliance. Water heaters
subjected to a flammable vapors ignition will show a
discoloration on the air intake grid (bottom of combustion
chamber) and require replacement of the entire water heater.
LIGHTING INSTRUCTIONS
1. STOP! It is imperative that you read all the safety warnings
above on this label.
2. Remove the outer door.
9.
3. Move the ON / OFF switch on the Gas Control Valve/
Thermostat to the OFF position.
On / Off Switch
OFF
C
A
B
RY
VE OT
H
Status Light
120°F
Position
HOT
C
RY
VE OT
H
HOT
•
VAC
•
•
LOW
B
A
STATUS
ON
•
LOW
Gas Control/Temperature Knob
8. This appliance is equipped with a device that automatically
lights the pilot.
DO NOT TRY TO LIGHT THE PILOT BY HAND.
VAC
4. To clear any gas that may have
accumulated, wait ten (10) minutes.
If you then smell gas, STOP! Follow “ B” in the safety
warning above. If you do not smell gas go to the next
step.
When the pilot is lit, the status light should blink a
heartbeat (bright, dim, bright, dim, etc). If the status
light does not start blinking, repeat steps 3 - 7.
The pilot can be located by looking through the glass
view port. If the pilot is lit, you will see the pilot flame
through the glass view port.
IMPORTANT:If the appliance (pilot) fails to light after
several tries, follow the instructions “To Turn Off Gas
to Appliance” and call a qualified service technician or
gas supplier. Record any status light flash codes.
Pilot
Igniter
Electrode
5. Turn on all electric power to the appliance. (Connect to a
grounded 110/120 volt power outlet.)
6. Move the ON / OFF switch on the Gas Control Valve/
Thermostat to the ON position.
7. Turn the gas control/temperature knob to the
“LOW” temperature setting. As shown above.
10. Set the gas control/temperature knob to the desired
setting.
11. Replace the outer door.
TO TURN OFF GAS TO APPLIANCE
1. Turn off the gas to the water heater at the manual
shut-off valve.
3. Turn off all electric power to the appliance. (Disconnect from
a grounded 110/120 volt power outlet.)
2. Move the ON / OFF switch on the Gas Control Valve/
Thermostat to the OFF position.
17
L.P.G. (Bottled Propane) Models
Burner Flames
Liquefied petroleum gas is over 50% heavier than air
and in the occurrence of a leak in the system, the gas
will settle at floor level. Basements, crawl spaces, skirted
areas under mobile homes (even when ventilated), closets
and areas below ground level will serve as pockets for
the accumulation of gas. Before lighting an L.P. gas water
heater, smell all around the appliance at floor level. If you
smell gas, follow the instructions as given in the warning on
the front page.
When your L.P. tank runs out of fuel, turn off the gas at
all gas appliances including pilot lights. After the tank is
refilled, all appliances must be re-lit according to their
manufacturer’s instructions.
Inspect the burner flames through the viewport and
compare them to the drawings in Figure 21. A properly
operating burner should produce a soft blue flame. Blue
tips with yellow inner cones are satisfactory. The tips of the
flame may have a slight yellow tint. The flame should not be
all yellow or have a sharp blue-orange color. Contaminated
air may cause an orange colored flame. Contact a qualified
person if the flame is not satisfactory.
Figure 21
Flame Characteristics
Checking the Draft
WARNING
Burn Hazard
Do not touch vent.
Doing so can result in burns.
After successfully lighting the water heater, allow the unit
to operate for 15 minutes and check the drafthood relief
opening for proper draft. Make sure all other appliances
in the area are operating and all doors are closed when
performing the draft
test. Pass a match Figure 20
flame around the
Relief
Draft Hood
Opening
relief opening of
Match
the drafthood. A
steady flame drawn
into the opening
indicates proper
draft. If the flame
flutters or is blown
out, combustion
products are
escaping from the relief opening. If this occurs, do not
operate the water heater until proper adjustments or
repairs are made to the vent pipe system and/or air supply
requirements.
18
Water Temperature Stacking
Stacking occurs when a series of short draws of hot water
(3 gallons or less) are taken from the water heater tank.
This causes increased cycling of the burner and can result
in increased water temperatures at the hot water outlet.
This water heater’s temperature control has been designed
to accurately regulate the water temperature. However,
under certain operating conditions, the water temperature
may temporarily exceed the dial setting. Consequently, in
addition to setting the temperature no higher than 120°F,
we recommend the installation of a mixing valve or an
anti-scald device in the hot water supply line or at the point
of use to further reduce the risk of scald injury. These
devices can be obtained from a plumbing service agency or
your retail supplier.
Emergency Shut Down
IMPORTANT: Should overheating occur or the gas supply
fails to shut off, turn off the water heater’s manual gas
control valve and call a qualified person.
The thermostat is adjusted to the pilot position when it
is shipped from the factory. Water temperature can be
regulated by moving the temperature dial to the preferred
setting. The preferred starting point is 120°F at the “HOT”
setting. Align the knob with the desired water temperature
as shown in Figure 22. There is a hot water scald potential
if the thermostat is set too high.
NOTE: Temperatures shown on the gas control valve/
thermostat are approximates. The actual temperature of the
heated water may vary.
110
116
116
122
131
140
149
154
(normal shower temp.)
(pain threshold)
35 minutes
1 minute
5 seconds
2 seconds
1 second
instantaneous
45 minutes
5 minutes
25 seconds
5 seconds
2 seconds
1 second
(U.S. Government Memorandum, C.P.S.C., Peter L. Armstrong, Sept. 15,1978)
Figure 22
Gas Control Valve/Thermostat
Settings
On / Off Switch
STATUS
ON
Igniter
OFF
B
C
Status 120°F
Light Mark
RY
VE OT
H
HOT
LOW
VAC
B
C
A
Temperature limiting valves are available.
Time for
Permanent Burns
2nd & 3rd Degree
(Most Severe Burns)
RY
E
V OT
H
HOT
‡
Feel water before bathing or showering.
Time for 1st
Degree Burn
(Less Severe Burns)
A
Children, disabled and elderly are at highest
risk of being scalded.
Water
Temperature °F
‡
Water temperature over 125°F can cause
severe burns instantly or death from scalds.
Table 5:
Gas Control/Temperature Knob
LOW
‡
WARNING
IMPORTANT: Adjusting the thermostat past the 120°F bar
on the temperature dial will increase the risk of scald injury.
Hot water can produce first degree burns within:
‡
Water Temperature Regulation
VAC
NOTE: During low demand periods when hot water is not
being used, a lower thermostat setting will reduce energy
losses and may satisfy your normal hot water needs.
If hot water use is expected to be more than normal, a
higher thermostat setting may be required to meet the
increased demand. When leaving your home for extended
periods (vacations, etc.), turn the temperature dial to the
vacation (VAC) setting. This will maintain the water at low
temperatures with minimum energy losses and prevent the
tank from freezing during cold weather.
19
Electrical Connections
WARNING
Before plugging in the water heater, always make sure:
•
The Voltage and frequency correspond to that specified
on the water heater.
• The electrical outlet has the proper overload fuse or
breaker protection.
• Water heater to be located within 6 feet of 120VAC outlet.
• Unit is to connect to a 120VAC electrical supply outlet
(extension cord is not allowed).
• The water heater and the outlet are properly grounded.
• Installed in accordance with prevailing provisions of local
codes, or in the absence of such, National Electric Code,
ANSI/NFPS 70 current edition.
Completely fill the tank with water and check all
connections for leaks. Open the nearest hot water faucet
and let it run for three (3) minutes to purge the water lines
of air and sediment and to ensure complete filling of the
tank. The Electrical power may then be turned on. Verify
proper operation after servicing.
WARNING
Electric Shock Hazard
Disconnect power before
servicing.
Replace all parts and panels
before operating.
Failure to do so can result in
death or electrical shock.
Figure 23:
Wiring Diagram
BN - 24VAC
V - 24VAC
YL - 24VAC
YL - 24VAC
4
6
BK - 24VAC (HOT)
WH - 24VAC (NEUTRAL)
RD
YL
YL
TEMPERATURE
CUT-OFF SWITCH
BL
FV SENSOR
YL
RD
BK 24 VAC (H)
WH 24 VAC (N)
IGNITER/FLAME
SENSOR
5
BL
6
5
3
GAS CONTROL VALVE/
THERMOSTAT
3
YL
END SWITCH
GR
YL
YL
TEMPERATURE CUT-OFF
SWITCH
WH - 24VAC (NEUTRAL)
1 2
TRANSFORMER
YL 24 VAC
V 24 VAC
DAMPER
BK - 120VAC
YL 24 VAC
BN 24 VAC
TRANSFORMER
BK - 24VAC (HOT)
WH - 120VAC
W - 120VAC
BK - 120VAC
FLUE DAMPER
4
2
1
4 3 2
1
BL
RD
GAS CONTROL VALVE\THERMOSTAT
FV SENSOR
ON/OFF SWITCH
FLAME SENSOR\IGNITER
You must provide all wiring of the proper size outside of the water heater. You must obey local codes and electric
utility requirements when you install this wiring. This appliance must be electrically grounded in accordance with local codes or, in the absence of local
codes, with the National Electrical Code ANSI/NFPA No 70 (current edition) and/or THE CSA C22.1 ELECTRICAL CODE.(CURRENT EDITION)
Note: If any of the original wire as supplied with the appliance must be replaced, it must be replaced with 105°C wire or its equivalent.
Caution: Label all wires prior to disconnection when servicing controls. Wiring errors can cause improper and dangerous operation.
20
Operating the Temperature Control System
Water Temperature Adjustment
Figure 24: Status Codes
Status
Light
Operating Modes and Settings
STATUS
ON
OFF
C
A
B
The water temperature setting can be adjusted from 70°F
to 160°F. Turn the Gas Control/Temperature Knob to the
desired setting/temperature.
RY
VE OT
H
•
•
HOT
•
•
LOW
VAC
Standard Mode - The controller adjusts the water
heater to maintain the temperature set by the user.
Vacation Setting - The Vacation Setting (VAC) sets
the controller at approximately 70°F. This setting is
recommended when the water heater is not in use for a
long period of time. This effectively turns the controller
temperature setting down to a temperature that
prevents the water in the water heater from freezing
while still conserving energy.
Status Light Code
Table 6
LED FLASH SEQUENCE
CONTROL STATUS
Short flash once every four second
IDLE (No call for heat, no fault conditions)
“Heartbeat”, alternates bright/dim
Call for Heat (No fault conditions)
One Flash, three second pause
Low Flame Signal (control continues to operate)
Two Flash, three second pause
End Switch Failed Closed
Three Flash, three second pause
End Switch Failed Open or TCO Limit Lockout
Four Flash, three second pause
ECO Limit Lockout
Five Flash, three second pause
Flame Out of Sequence
Six-One Flash, three second pause
Soft Lockout - Retry Limit - Failed TFI
Six-Two Flash, three second pause
Soft Lockout - Recycle Limit - Flame Lost - END Switch Fails
Six-Three Flash, three second pause
Soft Lockout - Recycle Limit - Flame Lost
Six-Four Flash, three second pause
Soft Lockout - Flame out of Sequence Sensed
Seven Flash, three second pause
Flammable Vapor Sensor (FVS) Lockout
Eight-One Flash, three second pause
Flammable Vapor Sensor (FVS) Fault Detected
Eight-Two Flash, three second pause
Temperature Sensor Fault Detected
Eight-Three Flash, three second pause
Electronic Fault Detected
Eight-Four Flash, three second pause
Gas Control Valve/Thermostat Fault Detected
21
Operational Conditions
Condensation
Moisture from the products of combustion condenses on the
tank surface and the outside jacket of the water heater and
forms drops of water which may fall onto the burner or other
hot surfaces. This will produce a “sizzling” or “frying” noise.
NOTE: This condensation is normal and should not be
confused with a leaking tank. Condensation may increase or
decrease at different times of the year.
High efficient energy saver water heaters will produce
larger amounts of condensation on initial start-up or when
a large amount of hot water is being used. NOTE: Do not
confuse this with a “tank leak”. Once the water reaches a
temperature of 120°F and the tank warms up (usually 1-2
hours), the condensation will stop.
IMPORTANT: It is always recommended that a suitable
metal drain pan be installed under the water heater
to protect the area from water damage resulting from
normal condensation production, a leaking tank or piping
connections. Refer to “Location Requirements” on page
4. Under no circumstances is the manufacturer to be held
responsible for any water damage in connection with this
water heater.
Water Heater Sounds
During the normal operation of the water heater, sounds or
noises may be heard. These noises are common and may
result from the following:
1. Normal expansion and contraction of metal parts during
periods of heat-up and cool-down.
2. Condensation causes sizzling and popping within the
burner area and should be considered normal.
3. Sediment buildup in the tank bottom will create varying
amounts of noise and may cause premature tank failure.
Drain and flush the tank as directed under “Draining and
Flushing”.
Smoke/Odor
The water heater may give off a small amount of smoke
and odor during the initial start-up of the unit. This is due to
the burning off of oil from metal parts of a new unit and will
disappear after a few minutes of operation.
Safety Shut-off
This water heater is designed to automatically shut-off in the
event of the following:
1. The water temperature exceeds 189°F (87°C) for 160°F
models.
3. Excessive combustion chamber temperatures.
4. The presence of flammable vapors.
This unit is equipped with a flammable vapor sensor, designed
to shut off the gas supply in the event the heater has been
exposed to flammable vapors (spilled gasoline or paint fumes
for example). IMPORTANT: If the flammable vapor sensor
activates a qualified service person must be contacted to reset
the water heater. This unit is also equipped with a thermal
switch designed to shut off the gas control valve/thermostat
in the event the water heater has poor combustion caused
by a blocked vent or insufficient combustion air. If the switch
opens, check the flame-trap for signs of high temperature (blue
or black discoloration), and inspect your installation for any
problems with venting or combustion air (See Troubleshooting
Flowchart on page 29). Reset the thermal switch by depressing
the small button in the center of the switch.
IMPORTANT: Correct any issues prior to resetting the switch.
Contact the Product Service and Support Department
for service information at: 1-877-817-6750.
A temperature limit switch or ECO (Energy Cut Off) sensor
located in the gas control valve\thermostat, is used to shut off the
water heater if the water temperature exceeds 189°F (87°C).
The Diagnostic Status Light will flash a code indicating
an “Overheat Failure” (4 Flashes). See “Operating the
Temperature Control System.” If the gas control valve/
thermostat has an “ECO Lockout” the gas control valve/
thermostat must be replaced by a qualified person. Contact
your local dealer for service information.
Anode Rod/Water Odor
Each water heater contains at least one anode rod,
which will slowly deplete (due to electrolysis) prolonging
the life of the water heater by protecting the glass-lined
tank from corrosion. Adverse water quality, hotter water
temperatures, high hot water usage, hydronic heating
devices, and water softening methods can increase
the rate of anode rod depletion. Once the anode rod
is depleted, the tank will start to corrode, eventually
developing a leak.
Certain water conditions will cause a reaction between the
anode rod and the water. The most common complaint
associated with the anode rod is a “rotten egg smell”
produced from the presence of hydrogen sulfide gas
dissolved in the water.
IMPORTANT: Do not remove this rod permanently as it will
void any warranties. A special anode rod may be available
if water odor or discoloration occurs.
NOTE: This rod may reduce but not eliminate water odor
problems. The water supply system may require special
filtration equipment from a water conditioning company to
successfully eliminate all water odor problems.
Artificially softened water is exceedingly corrosive because
the process substitutes sodium ions for magnesium and
calcium ions. The use of a water softener may decrease
the life of the water heater tank.
The anode rod should be inspected after a maximum of
three years and annually thereafter until the condition of
the anode rod dictates its replacement.
NOTE: Artificially softened water requires the anode rod to
be inspected annually.
The following are typical (but not all) signs of a depleted
anode rod:
• The majority of the rods diameter is less than 3/8”.
• Significant sections of the support wire (approx. 1/3 or
more of the anode rod’s length) are visible.
If the anode rod show signs of either or both it should be
replaced. NOTE: Whether re-installing or replacing the anode
rod, check for any leaks and immediately correct if found.
In replacing the anode:
Figure 25:
1. Turn off gas supply to the water heater. Anode Rod Depletion
2. Shut off the water supply and
open a nearby hot water faucet to
depressurize the water tank.
3. Drain approximately 5 gallons of
water from tank. (Refer to “Draining
and Flushing” for proper procedures).
Close drain valve.
4. Remove old anode rod.
5. Use Teflon® tape or approved pipe
sealant on threads and install new
anode rod.
6. Turn on water supply and open a
nearby hot water faucet to purge air
from water system.
7. Check for any leaks and immediately
correct any if found.
8. Restart the water heater as directed in this manual. See
the Repair Parts Illustration for anode rod location.
TEFLON ® is a registered trademark of E.I. Du Pont De Nemours and Company.
22
MAINTENANCE OF YOUR WATER HEATER
Draining and Flushing
It is recommended that the tank be drained and flushed
every 6 months to remove sediment which may build up
during operation. The water heater should be drained if
being shut down during freezing temperatures. To drain the
tank, perform the following steps:
Temperature and Pressure
Relief Valve
WARNING
1. Turn off the gas to the water heater at the manual gas
shut-off valve.
1. Move the switch on the gas control valve/thermostat to
the “OFF” position to turn off the water heater.
2. Open a nearby hot water faucet until the water is no
longer hot.
3. Close the cold water inlet valve.
4. Connect a hose to the drain valve and terminate it to an
adequate drain or external to the building.
5. Open the water heater drain valve and allow all of the
water to drain from the tank. Flush the tank with water
as needed to remove sediment.
6. Close the drain valve, refill the tank, and restart the
heater as directed in this manual.
If the water heater is going to be shut down for an extended
period, the drain valve should be left open.
IMPORTANT: Condensation may occur when refilling the
tank and should not be confused with a tank leak.
Routine Preventative
Maintenance
At least annually, a visual inspection should be made of
the venting and air supply system, piping systems, main
burner, pilot burner, and Flame-trap. Check the water
heater for the following:
•
Obstructions, damage, or deterioration in the venting
system. Make sure the ventilation and combustion air
supplies are not obstructed.
•
Build up of soot and carbon on the main burner and
pilot burner. Check for a soft blue flame.
•
Leaking or damaged water and gas piping.
•
Presence of flammable or corrosive materials in the
installation area.
•
Presence of combustible materials near the water
heater.
•
After servicing this water heater, check to make sure it
is working properly. (See Operating Your Water Heater
section of this manual.)
Explosion Hazard
If the temperature and pressure relief valve
is dripping or leaking, have a qualified
person replace it.
Examples of a qualified person include:
licensed plumbers, authorized gas company
personnel, and authorized service
personnel.
Do not plug valve.
Do not remove valve.
Failure to follow these instructions can
result in death, or explosion.
Manually operate
Figure 26
the temperature
Temperature and Pressure
and pressure relief
Relief Valve
Manual Relief
valve at least once
Valve
a year to make
sure it is working
properly. To prevent
water damage,
the valve must be
properly connected
to a discharge line
Discharge line to drain
which terminates
at an adequate
drain. Standing clear of the outlet (discharged water may
be hot), slowly lift and release the lever handle on the
temperature and pressure relief valve to allow the valve to
operate freely and return to its closed position. If the valve
fails to completely reset and continues to release water,
immediately shut off the manual gas control valve and the
cold water inlet valve and call a qualified person.
IMPORTANT: If you lack the necessary skills required to
properly perform this visual inspection, you should not
proceed, but get help from a qualified person.
23
Replacement Parts
IMPORTANT: The following maintenance procedures are
for the Flame Guard™ Safety System components and
should be performed by a qualified person.
Replacement parts may be ordered through your plumber
or the local distributor. Parts will be shipped at prevailing
prices and billed accordingly. When ordering replacement
parts, always have the following information ready:
Removing the Burner from the
Manifold Assembly
Natural Gas Burner (Low Nox) & L.P. Burner
1.
2.
Take off the burner by removing the two (2) screws located underneath the burner.
Check the burner to see if it is dirty or clogged. The burner
may be cleaned with soap and hot water (Figure 29).
Figure 29
Natural gas (Low NOx) and L.P.
Burner Assembly
1. model, serial, and product number
2. type of gas
3. item number
4. parts description
See pages 31-32 for a list of available repair parts.
Manifold Door Assembly
Thermal Switch
Manifold Component
Block
Manifold Tube
Removing the Manifold Assembly
1. Turn off the gas to the water heater at the manual
shut-off valve (Figure 5).
2. Move the ON/OFF switch on the gas control valve/
thermostat to the “OFF”
position to turn off the water Figure 27
Gas Control Valve/
heater.
Thermostat
(Figure 22).
3. Remove the outer door.
4. Remove the two screws
(1/4” nut driver) securing
the manifold door assembly
to the combustion chamber
(Figure 28).
5. Disconnect the pilot tube
(7/16” wrench), the igniter
wire, and manifold tube
Pilot
(3/4” wrench) at the gas
Igniter
Tube Manifold
Tube
Wire
control valve/thermostat.
Wiring
Harness
Also use needle nose pliers
to disconnect the yellow
TCO wire leads from the thermal switch on the manifold
door. NOTE: L.P. Gas systems use reverse (left-hand)
threads on the manifold tube.
6. Grasp the manifold tube and push down slightly to free
the manifold and pilot tube.
7. Carefully remove the manifold assembly from the
burner compartment.
NOTE: Be sure not to damage internal parts.
Igniter Wire
Manifold Door
Gasket
Viewport
Pilot Tube
STATUS
ON
OFF
C
A
B
RY
VE OT
H
Burner
Manifold Tube
•
HOT
•
LOW
VAC
Pilot/Igniter - Flame
Sensor Assembly
Manifold Door
Assembly
Screws
Replacing the Pilot/Igniter - Flame
Sensor Assembly
1. Remove the manifold assembly as directed previously.
2. Lift the retainer clip straight up from the back of
the manifold component block (using a flat-blade
screwdriver), then remove the manifold component
block from the manifold door (Figure 30).
Figure 30
Manifold Component
Block Assembly
Figure 28
Burner Assembly
Removal
Igniter
Wire
Pilot/Igniter-Flame Sensor Assembly
Pilot Tube
Retainer
Clip
Gas Control Valve/
Thermostat
Pilot Tube
Viewport
FV Sensor
Wiring
Harness
Manifold Tube
Thermal Switch
Manifold Component
Block
Manifold Door
Manifold Door
Manifold Screw (2)
24
Manifold Component Block
3.
Using a 7/16” wrench, loosen the nut securing the pilot
tube to the pilot assembly.
NOTE: To prevent any bending of the pilot bracket, use
pliers to hold the pilot assembly bracket while loosening
the pilot nut.
4. Pull the pilot tube from the pilot assembly (Figure 31).
IMPORTANT: Be careful not to bend or alter the position
of the pilot assembly components.
Figure 31
Pilot/Thermopile Assembly
Pilot
Tube
Igniter Wire
Pilot/Ignitor-Flame Sensor
Assembly
Filter Installation and Cleaning
IMPORTANT: It is essential that the filter be installed
properly. If you encounter difficulty installing the filter
or have a question, please call the Service & Warranty
Department at 1-877-817-6750.
Failure to install (and clean) the air filter assembly properly
can allow dust and lint to restrict the air supply to the water
heater. If that occurs, the pilot light could go out or the
thermal switch could shut the water heater off. A service
call could be needed to clean the flame trap. These conditions are not defects and are not covered by the warranty.
Figure 32A
Air Filter Assembly Installation:
5. Use a screwdriver to remove the screws securing the
Pilot/Igniter - Flame Sensor Assembly. Keep the screws
for reattachment.
6. Using the old pilot/pilot tube assembly as a guide, bend
the new pilot tube to match the old one. Make only the
bends closest to the pilot before going to the next step.
7. Push the new pilot tube and igniter wire through the hole
in the manifold door (See Figure 30). Reconnect the pilot
tube and tighten the nut securing it to the pilot assembly.
IMPORTANT: Keep the pilot orifice in the pilot when
making the connection. DO NOT operate the water
heater without the pilot orifice installed. Reattach the
pilot assembly to the manifold.
8. Be sure the igniter wire is positioned through the
bottom opening of the manifold component block. See
“Replacing Manifold Assembly” section.
Air Filter
assembly
Filter Clip
Install the air filter assembly as described below and clean
as needed. Replace the air filter assembly with a new one
if it is damaged.
1. Before installing the air filter assembly, remove any dust,
lint or debris (including any packaging materials or tape)
from under the water heater. For existing installations,
a visual inspection of the flame-trap is recommended.
Refer to “External Inspection & Cleaning of the Flametrap.”
2. Wrap the filter around the base of the water heater.
Cut to fit around a sensor if present. Trim excess filter
material with scissors but allow filter material to overlap
a few inches (Figure 32B).
3. The filter should fit snugly against the base of the water
heater with no gaps. The filter must fit flush against the
bottom of the drain pan and/or floor. Hold the filter in
place, then stretch the filter clip over the overlapped
joint and hook in place (Figure 32B).
4. Check the filter at least every three months and clean
as necessary. After installation, the filter may be cleaned
by using a vacuum cleaner with a brush attachment to
remove lint and dust. NOTE: Because the amount of
dust and lint in the air can vary, your filter may need to
be inspected/ cleaned more often. In some instances,
the filter may need to be removed and washed using
mild hand soap and water to remove any oily residue.
After washing, allow to dry and properly reinstall.
Never operate the water heater without a clean air filter.
25
External Inspection & Cleaning of the
Flame-trap
Figure 32B
Installing Air Filter Assembly:
Trim excess material, making
sure there is enough to overlap
by 4 inches (100 mm).
If the water heater has a
sensor, the air filter must be
trimmed around sensor.
Although not likely to occur, if debris collects on the flametrap, use a vacuum, compressed air, or a soft bristle brush
to remove it.
NOTE: If unable to inspect or clean the flame trap from
underneath, follow the “Cleaning the Combustion Chamber
and Flame-trap” section instructions.
Figure 33A
Flame-trap visual inspection
11/8”
(28 mm)
11/2”
Discard piece
after trimming.
(38 mm)
Filter clip end on the
air filter assembly.
Flashlight
Mirror
OVERLAP
4” (100 mm)
Attach the filter clip as
shown, holding the air
filter assembly in place.
Fit around sensor (if present),
then wrap the air filter assembly
around the bottom of the water
heater (NOTE: Clip on top edge.)
Drain pan removed for clarilty.
Cleaning the Combustion Chamber and
Flame-trap
1. Follow procedure outlined in “Removing the Manifold
Assembly”.
Flush fit against bottom
of drain pan and/or floor.
2. Use a vacuum cleaner/shop vac to remove all loose
debris in the combustion chamber (Figure 33B). Use
compressed air to clear any dust or debris that may
have accumulated in the flame-trap.
3. Reassemble following the procedure under “Replacing
the Manifold Assembly”.
Figure 33B
Combustion Chamber
Door Gasket
26
Flame-trap
Bracket
Replacing the Manifold Assembly
WARNING
Explosion Hazard
Tighten both manifold door screws
securely.
Remove any fiberglass between gasket
and combustion chamber.
Replace viewport if glass is missing or
damaged.
Replace two piece wire connector if missing
or removed.
7. If replacing the pilot tube, install ferrule nut supplied with
kit into the gas valve at the pilot tube location, hand tight
only. Insert pilot tube into ferrule nut until tube bottoms out
then tighten nut with a 7/16” wrench until crimp connection
seals to pilot tube. Continue to tighten until the nut is tight
in gas valve.
8. Reconnect the igniter wire to the gas control valve/
thermostat.
9. Turn the gas supply on and check for leaks. Test the
water heater by brushing on an approved noncorrosive
leak detection solution. Bubbles forming indicate a leak.
Correct any leak found.
10. Refer to the “Lighting Instructions” on page 16. With the
burner lit, check the gas control valve/thermostat supply
line, manifold component block, manifold tube, and pilot
tube connections for leaks. Check for leaks by brushing
on an approved noncorrosive leak detection solution.
Bubbles forming indicate a leak. Correct any leak found.
IMPORTANT: All leaks must be fixed immediately
11. Replace the outer door.
Figure 34
Manifold Assembly Close-up
Close-up inside view of
the combustion chamber.
Replace door gasket if damaged.
Failure to follow these instructions can
result in death, explosion, or fire.
1. Check the door gasket for damage or imbedded debris
prior to installation.
2. Inspect the viewport for damage and replace as
required.
3. Insert the manifold assembly into the burner
compartment making sure that the tab of the manifold
tube engages in the slot of the bracket inside the
combustion chamber (Figure 34).
4. Inspect the door gasket and make sure there is no
fiberglass insulation between the gasket and the
combustion chamber.
5. Replace the two screws which secure the manifold
assembly door to the combustion chamber and tighten
securely. There should be no space between the
gasket part of the manifold door and combustion
chamber. IMPORTANT: Do not operate the water
heater if the door gasket does not create a seal
between the manifold door and the combustion
chamber.
6. Reconnect the yellow wire leads to the thermal switch
(Figure 27), the manifold tubing (3/4” wrench) and
pilot tubing (7/16” wrench), to the gas control valve/
thermostat. Do not cross-thread or apply any thread
sealant to the fittings.
NOTE: L.P. Gas systems use reverse (left-hand)
threads on the manifold tube.
Tab
Burner
Manifold Tube
Bracket
Slot
Igniter System
The STP (Spark to Pilot) igniter system consists of the
pilot, electrode, and wire. The pilot is ignited by an electric
spark generated when the gas control valve/thermostat
sends an electrical signal to the electrode. Use only factory
authorized STP igniter parts for replacement.
Figure 35
Gas Igniter Assembly
Igniter Wire
Connection
Point
Pilot
Electrode
Pilot/Igniter-Flame
Sensor Bracket
27
Removing and Replacing the Gas
Control Valve/Thermostat
IMPORTANT: The gas control valve/thermostat is a standard
valve with wire leads that connect to a thermal switch, flue
damper, igniter, and flammable vapor sensor
Removing the Gas Control Valve/Thermostat:
1. Turn off the gas at the manual shut-off valve on the gas
supply pipe (Figure 5).
2. Move the ON/OFF switch on the gas control valve/
thermostat to the “OFF” position to turn off the water
heater and unplug from the wall outlet. (Figure 22).
3. Drain the water heater. Refer to the section of “Draining
and Flushing” and follow the procedure.
4. Disconnect the wire harness, flammable vapor sensor
wires, and igniter wire from the gas control valve/
thermostat. Disconnect pilot tube (7/16” wrench) and
manifold tube (3/4” wrench) at the gas control valve/
thermostat (Figure 27). NOTE: L.P. Gas systems use
reverse (left-hand) threads on the manifold tube.
5. Refer to “Gas Piping” (Figure 5) and disconnect the
ground joint union in the gas piping. Disconnect the
remaining pipe from the gas control valve/thermostat.
6. To remove the gas control valve/thermostat, thread a 4”
section of gas pipe into the inlet and use it to turn the
gas control valve/thermostat (counterclockwise.) Do not
use pipe wrench or equivalent to grip body. Damage
may result, causing leaks. Do not insert any sharp
objects into the inlet or outlet connections. Damage to
the gas control valve/thermostat may result.
Gas Control Valve/Thermostat:
To replace the gas control valve/thermostat, reassemble
in reverse order. When replacing the gas control valve/
thermostat, thread a 4” section of gas pipe into the inlet and
use it to turn the gas control valve/thermostat (clockwise.)
DO NOT OVER TIGHTEN, damage may result.
• Be sure to use approved Teflon® tape or pipe joint
compound on the gas piping connections and fitting on
the back of the gas control valve that screws into tank.
• Be sure to remove the pilot ferrule nut from the new gas
control valve/thermostat.
• Turn the gas supply on and check for leaks. Test the
water heater by brushing on an approved noncorrosive
leak detection solution. Bubbles forming indicate a leak.
Correct any leak found.
• Be sure tank is completely filled with water before
lighting and activating the water heater. Follow the
“Lighting Instructions” on page 16.
• With the burner lit, check the gas control valve/
thermostat supply line, manifold component block,
manifold tube, and pilot tube connections for
leaks. Check for leaks by brushing on an approved
noncorrosive leak detection solution. Bubbles forming
indicate a leak. Correct any leak found. IMPORTANT:
All leaks must be fixed immediately
• If additional information is required, contact the Service
Department at: 1-877-817-6750.
Flame Guard™ Safety System Operational Checklist
1.
2.
3.
4.
Manifold gasket properly sealed.
Viewport not damaged or cracked.
Flame-trap free of debris and undamaged.
Manifold component block properly installed.
5. No leaks at pilot and manifold connection.
6. Manifold door screws securely tightened.
7. Depress the button on the thermal switch.
TROUBLESHOOTING CHART
PROBLEM
BURNER WILL NOT IGNITE
PILOT WILL NOT LIGHT OR
REMAIN LIT
POSSIBLE CAUSE(S)
Pilot will not light
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Thermostat set too low
No gas
Dirt in the gas lines
Pilot line clogged
Main burner line clogged
Non-functioning gas control valve/thermostat
Heater installed in a confined area
Flue Damper not functioning
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
1.
Non-functioning Pilot\Igniter-Flame Sensor
1.
2.
The thermal switch tripped
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Igniter wire connection loose
Air in gas line
Low gas pressure
No gas
Dirt in gas lines
Cold drafts
Thermostat ECO switch open
Pilot line or orifice clogged
Air for combustion obstructed
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12. FV Senor Lockout
13. Flue Damper not functioning
28
CORRECTIVE ACTION
1.
12.
13.
See PILOT WILL NOT LIGHT OR REMAIN
LIT
Turn temp. dial to desired temperature
Check with gas utility company
Notify utility-install trap in gas line
Clean, locate source and correct
Clean, locate source and correct
Replace gas control valve/thermostat
Provide fresh air ventilation
Cycle power to the water heater off and on. If
problem persists replace the flue damper
See Status Light Code Troubleshooting Table
section
See Pilot Light Troubleshooting Flowchart
section
Seat connector firmly in socket
Bleed the air from the gas line
Check with gas utility company
Check with gas utility company
Notify utility-install dirt trap in gas line
Locate source and correct
Replace thermostat
Clean, locate source and correct
See maintenance section for inspection and
cleaning of flame trap.
Contact a qualified person to reset the sensor
Cycle power to the water heater off and on. If
problem persists replace the flue damper
PROBLEM
BURNER FLAME YELLOWLAZY
POSSIBLE CAUSE(S)
CORRECTIVE ACTION
1.
2.
3.
4.
Insufficient secondary air
Low gas pressure
Flue clogged
Flue damper partially open
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Main burner line clogged
Heater installed in a confined area
Obstruction in main burner orifice
5.
6.
7.
Provide ventilation to water heater
Check with gas utility company
Clean, locate source and correct
Cycle gas control valve/thermostat OFF then
ON. If problem persists replace damper
Clean, locate source and correct
Proper fresh air ventilation
Clean or replace orifice
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Thermostat set too high
Sediment or lime in tank
Water heater too small for job
Wrong piping connections
Leaking faucets
Gas leaks
Wasted hot water
Long runs of exposed piping
Hot water piping in exposed wall
Flue Damper seal not functioning
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Set temperature dial to lower setting
Drain/flush-provide water treatment if needed
Install adequate heater
Correct piping-dip tube must be in cold inlet
Repair faucets
Check with utility-repair at once
Advise customer
Insulate piping
Insulate piping
Replace the flue damper
INSUFFICIENT HOT WATER 1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Thermostat set too low
Sediment or lime in tank
Water heater too small
Wrong piping connections
Leaking faucets
Wasted hot water
Long runs of exposed piping
Hot water piping in outside wall
Low gas pressure
1.
2.
3.
4.
5
6.
7.
8.
9.
Turn temperature dial to desired setting
Drain/flush-provide water treatment if needed
Install adequate heater
Correct piping-dip tube must be in cold inlet
Repair faucets
Advise customer
Insulate piping
Insulate piping
Check with gas utility company
SLOW HOT WATER
RECOVERY
1.
Insufficient secondary air
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Flue clogged
Low gas pressure
Improper calibration
Water heater too small
Wrong piping connections
Wasted hot water
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Provide ventilation to water heater. Check flue
way, flue baffle, and burner
Clean flue, locate source and correct
Check with gas utility company
Replace thermostat
Install adequate heater
Correct piping-dip tube must be in cold inlet
Advise customer
DRIP FROM RELIEF VALVE
1.
2.
3.
Excessive water pressure
Heater stacking
Closed water system
1.
2.
3.
Use a pressure reducing valve and relief valve
Lower the thermostat setting
See “Closed System/Thermal Expansion”
THERMOSTAT FAILS TO
SHUT-OFF
1.
2.
Thermostat not functioning properly
Improper calibration
1.
2.
Replace thermostat
Replace thermostat
COMBUSTION ODORS
1.
Insufficient secondary air
1.
2.
3.
Flue clogged
Heater installed in a confined area
2.
3.
Provide ventilation to water heater. Check flue
way, flue baffle, and burner
Clean, locate source and correct
Provide fresh air ventilation
SMOKING AND CARBON
FORMATION (SOOTING)
1.
Insufficient secondary air
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Low gas pressure
Flue clogged
Thermostat not functioning properly
Heater installed in a confined area
Burner flame yellow-lazy
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Provide ventilation to water heater. Check flue
way, flue baffle, burner
Check with gas utility company
Clean, locate source and correct
Replace thermostat
Provide fresh air ventilation
See “Burner Flame Yellow-Lazy”
CONDENSATION
1.
Temperature setting too low
1.
Increase the temperature setting
BURNER FLAME FLOATS
AND LIFTS OFF PORTS
1.
2.
3.
4.
Orifice too large
High gas pressure
Flue clogged
Cold drafts
1.
2.
3.
4.
Replace with correct orifice
Check with gas utility company
Clean flue and burner-locate source and correct
Locate source and correct
BURNER FLAME TOO HIGH 1.
Orifice too large
1.
Replace with correct orifice
FLAME BURNS AT ORIFICE
1.
2.
Thermostat not functioning properly
Low gas pressure
1.
2.
Replace thermostat
Check with gas utility company
PILOT FLAME
TOO SMALL
1.
2.
Pilot line or orifice clogged
Low gas pressure
1.
2.
Clean, locate source and correct
Check with gas utility company
SMELLY WATER
1.
Sulfides in the water
1.
Replace the anode with a special anode
HIGH OPERATION COSTS
29
STATUS LIGHT CODE TROUBLESHOOTING TABLE
Status Light Code
LED FLASH
SEQUENCE
CONTROL STATUS
Short flash once every four second
IDLE (No call for heat, no fault conditions)
“Heartbeat”, alternates bright/dim
Call for Heat (No fault conditions)
One Flash, three second pause
Low Flame Signal (control continues to operate)
Two Flash, three second pause
End Switch Failed Closed
CORRECTIVE ACTION
Turn the power switch on the gas control valve to the “OFF” position and unplug the power cord from the
power outlet.
1.
Check the incoming gas line pressure to ensure adequate supply to the water heater. If incoming
gas supply pressure is adequate proceed to step 2.
2.
Check all wiring connections and insure all harness and wires connections are seated firmly and
provide proper electrical contact. If no connection problems are found proceed to step 3. Firmly
seat any loose connections found. If any connections are found to be damaged consult the
replacement parts list for the appropriate replacement. After any connection problems are fixed
restart the water heater by following the lighting instructions on page 16. If the problem persists
proceed to step 3.
3.
Check condition of the base ring filter and flame trap. If they are clogged follow the instructions for
cleaning on page 24. If parts are not clogged proceed to step 4. After cleaning follow instructions
for lighting on page 16. If problem persists proceed to step 4.
4.
Follow the instructions on page 23 to remove the burner assembly. Once the burner assembly has
been removed inspect the manifold tube and burner, see figure 29, for any obstructions. If any
clogs or obstructions are present clear them. Inspect the electrode/flame sense rod, see figure 35,
for corrosion buildup, degradation, or damage. If there is evidence of any damage to the electrode/
flame sense rod replace the igniter/pilot assembly. Follow the directions on page 25 to re-install the
burner assembly into the combustion chamber. Follow the instructions for lighting on page 16. If the
problem persists contact a certified service representative.
Look at the top of water heater to see if the damper is open, see figure 20. If the damper is open insure
there is no obstruction that would prevent the damper from closing. If there are any obstructions turn
the power switch on the gas valve to the “OFF” position, remove the obstruction, if the damper closes
turn the power switch on the gas valve to the “ON” position. If there are no obstructions present turn the
power switch on the gas valve to the “OFF” position. Observe the damper to see if the damper closes.
If the damper does not close unplug the power cord from the power outlet and proceed to step 1. If the
damper closes turn the power switch on the gas valve to the “ON” position.
1.
Three Flash, three second pause
End Switch Failed Open or TCO Limit Lockout
Check all wiring connections to insure all harness and wire connections are seated firmly and
provide proper electrical contact. If no connection problems are found replace the damper. Firmly
seat any loose connections found. If any connections are found to be damaged consult the
replacement parts list on page # for the appropriate replacement. After any connection problems
are fixed restart the water heater by following the lighting instructions on page 16. If the problem
persists replace the damper.
Turn the power switch on the gas control valve to the “OFF” position and unplug the power cord from the
power outlet.
1.
Attempt to depress the TCO door switch button, see figure # . If the TCO door switch button
depresses follow the instructions for cleaning the filter and flame arrestor on page 24. After
cleaning is completed follow the lighting instructions on page #. If the TCO door switch button
does not depress proceed to step 2.
2.
Follow the lighting instructions on page 16. Observe the damper during initial startup. If there is a
call for heat and the damper opens allow the unit to continue to perform and monitor any change
in status. If there is a call for heat and the damper does not open proceed to step 3.
3.
Check all wiring connections to insure all harness and wire connections are seated firmly and
provide proper electrical contact. If no connection problems are found replace the damper.
Firmly seat any loose connections found. If any connections are found to be damaged consult
the replacement parts list on page 31-32 for the appropriate replacement. After any connection
problems are fixed restart the water heater by following the lighting instructions on page 17. If the
problem persists replace the damper.
Turn the power switch on the gas control valve to the “OFF” position, wait 10-20 seconds then turn
the power switch on the gas control valve to the “ON” position. If the problem persists replace the
gas control valve.
Four Flash, three second pause
ECO Limit Lockout
1.
Five Flash, three second pause
Flame Out of Sequence
Turn the power switch on the gas control valve to the “OFF” position. Wait 10 minutes then follow the
lighting instructions on page #. If the problem persists replace the gas control valve.
Six-One Flash, three second pause
Soft Lockout - Retry Limit - Failed TFI
Turn the power switch on the gas control valve to the “OFF” position and unplug the power cord from the
power outlet.
30
1.
Check the incoming gas line pressure to ensure adequate supply to the water heater. If incoming
gas supply pressure is adequate proceed to step 2.
2.
Check all wiring connections and insure all harness and wires connections are seated firmly and
provide proper electrical contact. If no connection problems are found proceed to step 3. Firmly
seat any loose connections found. If any connections are found to be damaged consult the
replacement parts list for the appropriate replacement. After any connection problems are fixed
restart the water heater by following the lighting instructions on page #. If the problem persists
proceed to step 3.
3.
Check condition of the base ring filter and flame arrestor. If they are clogged follow the
instructions for cleaning on page 24. If parts are not clogged proceed to step 4. After cleaning
follow instructions for lighting on page 16. If problem persists proceed to step 4.
STATUS LIGHT CODE TROUBLESHOOTING TABLE
Status Light Code
LED FLASH
SEQUENCE
Six-Two Flash, three second pause
CONTROL STATUS
Soft Lockout - Recycle Limit - Flame Lost END Switch Fails
CORRECTIVE ACTION
Turn the power switch on the gas control valve to the “OFF” position and unplug the power cord from the
power outlet.
1.
Six-Three Flash, three second pause
Soft Lockout - Recycle Limit - Flame Lost
Check all wiring connections to insure all harness and wire connections are seated firmly and provide
proper electrical contact. If no connection problems are found replace the damper. Firmly seat any
loose connections found. If any connections are found to be damaged consult the replacement parts
list on pages 31-32 for the appropriate replacement. After any connection problems are fixed restart
the water heater by following the lighting instructions on page 16. If the problem persists replace the
damper.
Turn the power switch on the gas control valve to the “OFF” position and unplug the power cord from the
power outlet.
1.
Check the incoming gas line pressure to ensure adequate supply to the water heater. If incoming
gas supply pressure is adequate proceed to step 2.
2.
Check all wiring connections and insure all harness and wires connections are seated firmly and
provide proper electrical contact. If no connection problems are found proceed to step 3. Firmly
seat any loose connections found. If any connections are found to be damaged consult the
replacement parts list for the appropriate replacement. After any connection problems are fixed
restart the water heater by following the lighting instructions on page 16. If the problem persists
proceed to step 3.
3.
Check condition of the base ring filter and flame arrestor. If they are clogged follow the instructions for cleaning on page #. If parts are not clogged proceed to step 4. After cleaning follow
instructions for lighting on page 16. If problem persists proceed to step 4.
4.
Follow the instructions on page # to remove the burner assembly. Once the burner assembly has
been removed inspect the manifold tube and burner, see figure 29 , for any obstructions. If any
clogs or obstructions are present clear them. Inspect the electrode/flame sense rod, see figure
# , for corrosion buildup, degradation, or damage. If there is evidence of any damage to the
electrode/flame sense rod replace the igniter/pilot assembly. Follow the directions on page 25 to
re-install the burner assembly into the combustion chamber. Follow the instructions for lighting on
page 16. If the problem persists contact a certified service representative.
Six-Four Flash, three second pause
Soft Lockout - Flame out of Sequence Sensed
Turn the power switch on the gas control valve to the “OFF” position and unplug the power cord from the
power outlet. Wait 10 minutes then follow the lighting instructions on page 16. If the problem persists
replace the gas control valve.
Seven Flash, three second pause
Flammable Vapor Sensor (FVS) Lockout
1.
Do not touch any electrical switch, do not use any phone in the building and do not try to light any
appliance.
2.
Smell around the water heater to ensure there are no gas leaks at the gas control valve or in the
supply gas line or for any other type of flammable vapors in the area.
3.
Carefully inspect the area surrounding the water heater for any substances such as gasoline,
paint, paint thinners, varnish, or cleaners that could emit flammable vapors. Remove anything that
can potentially emit flammable vapors from the area and store it properly in a different location.
4.
Contact a certified service representative for inspection.
Eight-One Flash, three second pause
Flammable Vapor Sensor (FVS) Fault Detected
Turn the power switch on the gas control valve to the “OFF” position, wait 10-20 seconds then turn the
power switch on the gas control valve to the “ON” position. If the problem persists replace the gas valve.
Eight-Two Flash, three second pause
Temperature Sensor Fault Detected
Turn the power switch on the gas control valve to the “OFF” position, wait 10-20 seconds then turn the
power switch on the gas control valve to the “ON” position. If the problem persists replace the gas valve.
Eight-Three Flash, three second pause
Electronic Fault Detected
Turn the power switch on the gas control valve to the “OFF” position, wait 10-20 seconds then turn the
power switch on the gas control valve to the “ON” position. If the problem persists replace the gas valve.
Eight-Four Flash, three second pause
Gas Control Valve/Thermostat Fault Detected
Turn the power switch on the gas control valve to the “OFF” position, wait 10-20 seconds then turn the
power switch on the gas control valve to the “ON” position. If the problem persists replace the gas valve.
31
SEQUENCE OF OPERATION CHART
Apply Power
to Appliance.
Is there a
Call for Heat.
Y
Is Damper
Closed?
Will not attempt to light 2
flash error code. See
Corrective Action Table
on page 30.
N
Damper Energizes.
Is Damper
Open?
Gas Valve attempts to open damper
for 30 seconds, then waits 2 mintues.
3 flash error code. See Corrective
Action Table page 30.
N
Pilot Valve
Energizes
Does Pilot
Valve Open?
Will not light. 8-4 flash
error code. See Corrective
Action Table on page 31.
N
Spark Electrode
is Energized
Is
Pilot Flame
Sensed Within
1.5 min. ?
N
Will not light. 8-4 flash
error code. See Corrective
Action Table on page 31.
Does Main
Valve Open?
N
Will not light. 8-4 flash
error code. See Corrective
Action Table on page 31.
Is Main
Flame Sensed?
N
Will not light. 8-4 flash
error code. See Corrective
Action Table on page 31.
Is Demand for
Heat Satisfied?
N
Will not light. 8-4 flash
error code. See Corrective
Action Table on page 31.
Y
Wait for flame lost, 5 flash
error code. See Corrective
Action Table, page 31.
Main Valve
Energized
Pilot & Main
Valve De-Energize.
Is Flame
Sensed?
Damper Energizes
and Closes.
32
Damper closes, 20 minute
lockout, 6-4 flash error
code. See Corrective
Action Table, page 31.
REPAIR PARTS ILLUSTRATION
1
When ordering repair parts always give the following
information:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5
4
Model, serial, and product number
Type of gas
Item number
Parts description
2
Repair Parts List
Item
No.
Parts Description
1
DRAFT HOOD
2
FLUE DAMPER
3
FLUE BAFFLE
4
HEAT TRAP (COLD) - SOME MODELS
5
HEAT TRAP (HOT) - SOME MODELS
6
COLD WATER DIP TUBE
7
ANODE ROD
8
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
(LOCATED ON SIDE)
9
DRAIN VALVE
10
GAS CONTROL VALVE/THERMOSTAT
11
OUTER DOOR
12A*
STP (SPARK TO PILOT) PILOT ASSEMBLY KIT
12B*
STP (SPARK TO PILOT) PILOT ASSEMBLY KIT ( L.P.)
13A*
BURNER (Natural Gas/Low Nox)
13B*
BURNER (L.P.)
14A*
BURNER ASSEMBLY
14B*
BURNER ASSEMBLY ( L.P. Burner)
15*
MANIFOLD COMPONENT BLOCK
16*
MANIFOLD DOOR GASKET
17*
VIEWPORT ASSEMBLY
18**
TRANSFORMER ASSEMBLY KIT
19**
FV SENSOR KIT
20**
FV SENSOR KIT WITH BRACKET
21**
FV WIRE HARNESS
22**
MAIN WIRE HARNESS
23**
GAS CONTROL VALVE/THERMOSTAT CONTROL
MODULE
6
3
8
18
7
10
12
13
9
11
14
*Pictured on next page.
** Not shown.
LEGEND
Special anode rod (see page 21)
Temperature and Pressure Relief Valve is required,
but may not be factory installed
Unique: Flame Guard™ Safety System parts
33
Listed Parts Kits and Illustrations
Item 12A: Pilot/Igniter-Flame Sensor assembly kit, which contains the pilot, igniter-flame sensor, and retainer clip (Natural Gas)
Item 12B: Pilot/Igniter-Flame Sensor assembly kit, which contains the pilot, igniter-flame sensor, and retainer clip (L.P. Gas)
Item 13A: Burner (Natural Gas/L.P. Gas)
Item 13B: Burner (L.P. Gas)
Item 14A: Burner assembly which contains the manifold tube, gasket, door, pilot\igniter-flame sensor assembly, manifold
component block with retainer clip, thermal switch, and pilot tube. (Natural Gas/Low Nox)
Item 14B: Burner assembly which contains the manifold tube, gasket, door, pilot\igniter-flame sensor assembly, manifold
component block with retainer clip, thermal switch, and pilot tube. (L.P. Gas)
Item 15:
Contains manifold component block and retainer clip
Item 16:
Contains manifold door gasket
Item 17:
Contains viewport
Item #12A
Item #12B
Item #13A
Item #13B
L.P. BURNER
Item #14A
34
Item #14B
NOTES
35
Copyright © 2013 American Water Heater Company. All rights reserved.
36
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