Specifications | Ford 2000 Mustang Automobile User Manual

Contents
Before driving
Introduction
2
Instrumentation
6
Controls and features
18
Seating and safety restraints
62
Starting and driving
Starting
90
Driving
95
Roadside emergencies
116
Servicing
Maintenance and care
133
Capacities and specifications
191
Customer assistance
197
Reporting safety defects
211
Index
212
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information storage and retrieval system or translation in whole or
part is not permitted without written authorization from Ford
Motor Company. Ford may change the contents without notice
and without incurring obligation.
Copyright © 1999 Ford Motor Company
1
Introduction
The following warning may be required by California
law:
CALIFORNIA Proposition 65 Warning
Engine exhaust, some if its constituents, and
certain vehicle components contain or emit
chemicals known to the State of California to
cause cancer, or birth defects or other
reproductive harm.
ICONS
Indicates a safety alert.
Read the following
section on Warnings.
Indicates vehicle
information related to
recycling and other
environmental
concerns will follow.
Correct vehicle usage and the authorized disposal of
waste cleaning and lubrication materials are
significant steps towards protecting the
environment.
Indicates a message
regarding child safety
restraints. Refer to
Seating and safety
restraints for more information.
Indicates that this
Owner Guide contains
information on this
subject. Please refer to
the Index to locate the appropriate section which
will provide you more information.
2
Introduction
WARNINGS
Warnings provide information which may reduce the
risk of personal injury and prevent possible damage
to others, your vehicle and its equipment.
BREAKING-IN YOUR VEHICLE
There are no particular breaking-in rules for your
vehicle. During the first 1 600 km (1 000 miles) of
driving, vary speeds frequently. This is necessary to
give the moving parts a chance to break in.
INFORMATION ABOUT THIS GUIDE
The information found in this guide was in effect at
the time of printing. Ford may change the contents
without notice and without incurring obligation.
SPECIAL NOTICES
Notice to owners of Cobra vehicles
Before you drive your vehicle, be sure to read the
“SVT Cobra Owner’s Guide Supplement.” This book
contains important operation and maintenance
information.
3
Introduction
These are some of the symbols you may see on your
vehicle.
Vehicle Symbol Glossary
Safety Alert
See Owner’s Guide
Fasten Safety Belt
Air Bag-Front
Air Bag-Side
Child Seat
Child Seat
Installation Warning
Child Seat Tether
Anchorage
Brake System
Anti-Lock Brake
System
Brake Fluid Non-Petroleum
Based
Traction Control
Master Lighting
Switch
Hazard Warning
Flasher
Fog Lamps-Front
Fuse Compartment
Fuel Pump Reset
Windshield
Wash/Wipe
Windshield
Defrost/Demist
Rear Window
Defrost/Demist
Power Windows
Front/Rear
Power Window
Lockout
Child Safety Door
Lock/Unlock
Interior Luggage
Compartment
Release Symbol
4
Introduction
Vehicle Symbol Glossary
Panic Alarm
Engine Oil
Engine Coolant
Engine Coolant
Temperature
Do Not Open When
Hot
Battery
Avoid Smoking,
Flames, or Sparks
Battery Acid
Explosive Gas
Fan Warning
Power Steering
Fluid
Maintain Correct
Fluid Level
Emission System
Engine Air Filter
Passenger
Compartment Air
Filter
Jack
MAX
MIN
5
Instrumentation
Instrument
cluster
(pg. 8)
Driver air bag
(pg. 75)
Headlamp control
(pg. 18)
50
40
H
C
30
60 70
80 100 120
60
160
2
4
RPMX1000
5
SELECT/RESET
7
1
MPH
0
km/h
L
6
180
20
10
F
L
AIR THEFT
BAG
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
LOW
FUEL
O/D
OFF
BRAKE
!
P
REAR DEF
RSM
HI
LO
ON
SET
ACC
OFF
COAST
OFF
Rear defroster*
(pg. 19)
Turn signal and
wiper/washer
control
(pg. 40)
* if equipped
6
H
0 0 0 0 0 0 .0
FUEL DOOR
E
3
80
90
40
20
Speed controls
(pg. 42)
H
Instrumentation
Climate control
system
(pg. 20)
VENT OFF FLOOR
MIX
LO
NORM
A/C
MAX
A/C
HI
FM1
REW
AUTOMATIC
DNR CrO2
ST
FF
PLAY EJCT
PROG
POWER
AUDIO
AM/FM
VOLUME
1
2
3
4
5
CLOCK
AUTO
PRESET
SCAN
TUNE
SEEK
Electronic sound
system
(pg. 23)
Overdrive off
switch
(pg. 104)
7
Instrumentation
WARNING LIGHTS AND CHIMES
Base instrument cluster
60 70
50
40
C
H
80 100 120
2
100
160
40
20
RPMX1000
5
1
20
120
MPH
km/h
L
6
180110
10
0
H
7
SELECT/RESET
0 0 0 0 0 0 .0
FUEL DOOR
E
4
3
80
90
140
60
30
F
L
AIR THEFT
BAG
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
LOW
FUEL
O/D
OFF
H
BRAKE
!
P
ABS
Optional instrument cluster
60
50
40
C
H
30
70 80 90 100
60
200
40
220
20
10
130
240
20
MPH
km/h
5
RPMX1000
2
6
1
7
L
H
140
150
0
SELECT/RESET
8
0 0 0 0 0 0 .0
FUEL DOOR
E
4
3
120 140
110
100
160
80
180 120
F
L
AIR THEFT
BAG
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
LOW
FUEL
O/D
OFF
ABS
H
BRAKE
!
P
Turn signal
Illuminates when the
left or right turn signal
or the hazard lights are
turned on. If one or
both of the indicators stay on continuously or flash
faster, check for a burned-out turn signal bulb. Refer
to Exterior bulbs in the Maintenance and care
chapter.
High beams
Illuminates when the
high beam headlamps
are turned on.
Safety belt
Momentarily illuminates
when the ignition is
turned to the ON
8
Instrumentation
position to remind you to fasten your safety belts.
For more information, refer to the Seating and
safety restraints chapter.
Charging system
Illuminates when the
ignition is turned to
the ON position and
the engine is off. The
light also illuminates when the battery is not
charging properly, requiring electrical system
service.
Air bag readiness
Momentarily
AIR
illuminates when the
BAG
ignition is turned ON.
If the light fails to illuminate, continues to flash or
remains on, have the system serviced immediately.
Anti-theft system
Refer to SecuriLocky
passive anti-theft
system in the Controls
and features chapter.
THEFT
Service engine soon
Your vehicle is
SERVICE
ENGINE
equipped with a
SOON
computer that monitors
the engine’s emission
control system. This
system is commonly known as the On Board
Diagnostics System (OBD II). The OBD II system
protects the environment by ensuring that your
vehicle continues to meet government emission
standards. The OBD II system also assists the
service technician in properly servicing your vehicle.
The Service Engine Soon indicator light illuminates
when the ignition is first turned to the ON position
9
Instrumentation
to check the bulb. If it comes on after the engine is
started, one of the engine’s emission control systems
may be malfunctioning. The light may illuminate
without a driveability concern being noted. The
vehicle will usually be drivable and will not require
towing.
What you should do if the Service Engine Soon
light illuminates
Light turns on solid:
This means that the OBD II system has detected a
malfunction.
Temporary malfunctions may cause your Service
Engine Soon light to illuminate. Examples are:
1. The vehicle has run out of fuel. (The engine may
misfire or run poorly.)
2. Poor fuel quality or water in the fuel.
3. The fuel cap may not have been properly installed
and securely tightened.
These temporary malfunctions can be corrected by
filling the fuel tank with high quality fuel of the
recommended octane and/or properly installing and
securely tightening the gas cap. After three driving
cycles without these or any other temporary
malfunctions present, the Service Engine Soon light
should turn off. (A driving cycle consists of a cold
engine startup followed by mixed city/highway
driving.) No additional vehicle service is required.
If the Service Engine Soon light remains on, have
your vehicle serviced at the first available
opportunity.
Light is blinking:
Engine misfire is occurring which could damage your
catalytic converter. You should drive in a moderate
fashion (avoid heavy acceleration and deceleration)
and have your vehicle serviced at the first available
opportunity.
10
Instrumentation
Under engine misfire conditions, excessive
exhaust temperatures could damage the
catalytic converter, the fuel system, interior floor
coverings or other vehicle components, possibly
causing a fire.
Low fuel
Illuminates as an early
LOW
reminder of a low fuel
condition indicated on
FUEL
the fuel gauge (refer to
Fuel Gauge in this chapter for more information).
When refueling, after the light comes on, the amount
of fuel that is added will be less than the advertised
capacity since there is fuel still in the tank. The
ignition must be in the ON position for this lamp to
illuminate. The lamp will also illuminate for several
seconds after the ignition is turned to the ON
position regardless of the fuel level to ensure your
bulb is working.
O/D off (if equipped)
Illuminates when the
O/D
Transmission Control
OFF
Switch (TCS), refer to
Overdrive control in the Controls and Features
chapter, has been pushed turning the transmission
overdrive function OFF. When the light is on, the
transmission does not operate in the overdrive
mode, refer to the Driving chapter for transmission
function and operation.
The light may also flash steadily if a transmission
malfunction is detected. If the light does not come
on when the Transmission Control Switch is
depressed or if the light flashes steadily, have your
vehicle serviced as soon as possible, damage to the
transmission could occur.
11
Instrumentation
Traction ControlY active
Momentarily
illuminates when the
ignition is turned to
ON. It also illuminates
when the Traction Controly system begins applying
and releasing the brakes and adjusting the engine
characteristics to limit a wheelspin condition. It will
be lit for a minimum of four seconds or for the
duration of the Traction Controly event.
For more information, refer to the Driving chapter.
Anti-lock brake system (ABS)
Momentarily illuminates
when the ignition is
ABS
turned to the ON
position. If the light
remains on, continues to flash or fails to illuminate,
have the system serviced immediately. With the ABS
light on, the anti-lock brake system is disabled and
normal braking is still effective unless the brake
warning light also remains illuminated with the
parking brake released.
Brake system warning
Momentarily illuminates
BRAKE
when the ignition is
!
P
turned to the ON
position. Also
illuminates if the parking brake is engaged. If brake
warning lamp does not illuminate at these times,
seek service immediately. Illumination after releasing
the parking brake indicates low brake fluid level and
the brake system should be inspected immediately.
Check coolant (if equipped)
Illuminates when the
coolant level in the
coolant reservoir is low
and more needs to be
12
Instrumentation
added. This lamp will also illuminate when the
ignition is turned to ON and the engine is off. For
more information on adding engine coolant, refer to
Engine coolant in the Maintenance and care
chapter.
Safety belt warning chime
Sounds to remind you to fasten your safety belts.
For information on the safety belt warning chime,
refer to the Seating and safety restraints chapter.
Supplemental restraint system (SRS) warning
chime
For information on the SRS warning chime, refer to
the Seating and safety restraints chapter.
Key-in-ignition warning chime
Sounds when the key is left in the ignition in the
OFF/LOCK or ACC position and the driver’s door is
opened.
Headlamps on warning chime
Sounds when the headlamps or parking lamps are
on, the ignition is off (and the key is not in the
ignition) and the driver’s door is opened.
GAUGES
Base instrument cluster gauges
50
40
C
H
30
20
60 70
80 100 120
100
160
40
2
4
RPMX1000
5
1
6
180110
20
10
120
MPH
km/h
0
SELECT/RESET
L
H
7
0 0 0 0 0 0 .0
FUEL DOOR
E
3
80
90
140
60
F
L
AIR THEFT
BAG
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
LOW
FUEL
O/D
OFF
ABS
H
BRAKE
!
P
13
Instrumentation
Optional instrument cluster gauges
60
50
40
H
30
70 80 90
60
200
40
220
20
10
130
240
20
MPH
km/h
4
3
100
5
RPMX1000
120 140
110
100
160
80
180 120
2
6
1
7
L
H
140
150
0
SELECT/RESET
8
0 0 0 0 0 0 .0
FUEL DOOR
F
L
AIR THEFT
BAG
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
LOW
FUEL
O/D
OFF
ABS
H
BRAKE
!
P
Fuel gauge
Displays approximately
F
how much fuel is in the
fuel tank (when the
key is in the ON
position). The fuel gauge may vary slightly when the
vehicle is in motion. The ignition should be in the
OFF position while the vehicle is being refueled.
When the gauge first indicates empty, there is a
small amount of reserve fuel in the tank. When
refueling the vehicle from an empty indication, the
amount of fuel that can be added will be less than
the advertised capacity due to the reserve fuel.
Engine coolant temperature gauge
Indicates the
C
H
temperature of the
engine coolant. At
normal operating
temperature, the needle remains within the normal
area (the area between the “H” and “C”). If it enters
the red section, the engine is overheating. Stop the
vehicle as soon as safely possible, switch off the
engine immediately and let the engine cool. Refer to
Engine coolant in the Maintenance and care
chapter.
Never remove the coolant reservoir cap
while the engine is running or hot.
14
Instrumentation
This gauge indicates the temperature of the engine
coolant, not the coolant level. If the coolant is not at
its proper level the gauge indication will not be
accurate.
Speedometer
Indicates the current vehicle speed.
• Base instrument
60
cluster
50
40
70
80
90
100 120
140
60
30
20
80
100
160
40
180 110
20
10
120
MPH
km/h
FUEL DOOR
• Optional instrument
cluster
70 80 90 100
60
50
40
30
120 140
110
100
160
80
180 120
200
60
130
40
20
10
220
240
20
MPH
km/h
140
150
FUEL DOOR
Odometer
Registers the total
kilometers (miles) of
the vehicle.
3
4
5
RPMX1000
2
6
0
8
1
7
SELECT/RESET
0 0 0 0 0 0 .0
Tachometer
Indicates the engine speed in revolutions per
minute.
Driving with your tachometer pointer at the top of
the scale or in the red zone may damage the engine.
15
Instrumentation
• Base instrument
cluster
4
3
RPMX1000
2
5
1
6
0
SELECT/RESET
7
0 0 0 0 0 0 .0
• Optional instrument
cluster
4
3
5
RPMX1000
6
2
1
7
0
8
SELECT/RESET
0 0 0 0 0 0 .0
Trip odometer
Registers the
kilometers (miles) of
individual journeys.
Press and release the
reset button until a “T”
appears in the display
(this represents the
trip mode). Press and
hold the button for
three seconds to reset.
3
4
5
RPMX1000
2
6
0
8
1
7
SELECT/RESET
0 0 0 0 0 0 .0
Battery voltage gauge
This shows the battery
L
H
voltage when the
ignition is in the ON
position. If the pointer
moves and stays outside the normal operating range
(as indicated), have the vehicle’s electrical system
checked as soon as possible.
16
Instrumentation
Engine oil pressure gauge
This shows the engine
L
H
oil pressure in the
system. Sufficient
pressure exists as long
as the needle remains in the normal range (the area
between the “L” and “H”).
If the gauge indicates low pressure, stop the vehicle
as soon as safely possible and switch off the engine
immediately. Check the oil level. Add oil if needed
(refer to Engine oil in the Maintenance and care
chapter). If the oil level is correct, have your vehicle
checked at your dealership or by a qualified
technician.
17
Controls and features
HEADLAMP CONTROL
• Pull the headlamp
control toward you
to the first position
to turn on the
parking lamps, tail
lamps, license plate
lamps and marker
lamps.
• Pull the headlamp control toward you to the outer
position to turn on the headlamps (in addition to
the previous lamps).
Daytime running lamps (DRL) (if equipped)
Turns the headlamps on with a reduced output. To
activate:
• the ignition must be turned on
• the headlamp control is in the OFF or Parking
lamps position
• the high beam headlamps must be turned off
• the parking brake is released
Always remember to turn on your
headlamps at dusk or during inclement
weather. The Daytime Running Light (DRL)
System does not activate your tail lamps and
generally may not provide adequate lighting during
these conditions. Failure to activate your
headlamps under these conditions may result in a
collision.
High beams
Push forward to
activate.
Pull toward you to
deactivate.
HI
LO
OFF
18
Controls and features
PANEL DIMMER CONTROL
To adjust the
brightness of the
instrument panel:
• Rotate clockwise/
counterclockwise
when the headlamp
control is in the
parking lamp or low-beam position.
To turn on the courtesy lamps:
• Rotate fully counterclockwise.
REAR WINDOW DEFROSTER
(IF EQUIPPED)
The rear defroster
REAR DEF
control is located on
the instrument panel.
Press the rear defroster control to clear the rear
window of thin ice and fog.
• A small LED will illuminate when the rear
defroster is activated.
The ignition must be in the ON position to operate
the rear window defroster.
The defroster turns off automatically after 10
minutes or when the ignition is turned to the OFF
position. To manually turn off the defroster before
10 minutes have passed, push the control again.
19
Controls and features
CLIMATE CONTROL SYSTEM
Manual heating and air conditioning system
A/C
MAX
A/C
Fan speed control
Controls the volume of
air circulated in the
vehicle.
Temperature control knob
Controls the
temperature of the
airflow inside the
vehicle.
Mode selector control
Controls the direction
of the airflow to the
inside of the vehicle.
A/C
MAX
A/C
The air conditioning compressor will operate in all
modes except VENT and FLOOR. However, the air
conditioning will only function if the outside
temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or higher.
Since the air conditioner removes considerable
moisture from the air during operation, it is normal
if clear water drips on the ground under the air
conditioner drain while the system is working and
even after you have stopped the vehicle.
• MAX A/C-Uses recirculated air to cool the vehicle.
MAX A/C is noisier than NORM A/C but more
economical and will cool the inside of the vehicle
20
Controls and features
•
•
•
•
•
•
faster. Airflow will be from the instrument panel
registers. This mode can also be used to reduce
undesirable odors from entering the vehicle.
A/C-Uses outside air to cool the vehicle. It is
quieter than MAX A/C but not as economical.
Airflow will be from the instrument panel
registers.
(Panel)-Distributes outside air through the
instrument panel registers. However, the air will
not be cooled below the outside temperature
because the air conditioning does not operate in
this mode.
OFF-Outside air is shut out and the fan will not
operate. For short periods of time only, use this
mode to prevent undesirable odors from entering
the vehicle.
(Floor)-Allows for maximum heating by
distributing outside air through the floor ducts.
However, the air will not be cooled below the
outside temperature because the air conditioning
does not operate in this mode.
(Floor and defrost)-Distributes outside air
through the windshield defroster ducts and the
floor ducts. Heating and air conditioning
capabilities are provided in this mode. For added
customer comfort, when the temperature control
knob is anywhere in between the full hot and full
cold positions, the air distributed through the
floor ducts will be slightly warmer than the air
sent to the windshield defroster ducts. If the
temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or higher, the
air conditioner will automatically dehumidify the
air to reduce fogging.
-Distributes outside air through the
windshield defroster ducts. It can be used to clear
ice or fog from the windshield. If the temperature
is about 10°C (50°F) or higher, the air conditioner
will automatically dehumidify the air to reduce
fogging.
21
Controls and features
Operating tips
• In humid weather, select
before driving.
This will reduce fogging on your windshield. After
a few minutes, select any desired position.
• To reduce humidity buildup inside the vehicle,
don’t drive with the climate control system in the
OFF or MAX A/C position.
• Don’t put objects under the front seat that will
interfere with the airflow to the back seats.
• Remove any snow,
ice or leaves from
the air intake area
(at the bottom of
the windshield).
• If your vehicle has been parked with the windows
closed during hot weather, the air conditioner will
do a much faster job of cooling if you drive for
two or three minutes with the windows open. This
will force most of the hot, stale air out of the
vehicle. Then operate your air conditioner as you
would normally.
• Do not place objects over the defroster outlets.
These objects can block airflow and reduce your
ability to see through your windshield. Also, avoid
placing small objects on top of your instrument
panel. These objects can fall down into the
defroster outlets and block airflow and possibly
damage your climate control system.
Do not place objects on top of the
instrument panel, as these objects may
become projectiles in a collision or sudden stop.
22
Controls and features
USING YOUR AUDIO SYSTEM
AM/FM Stereo/Cassette/Premium Sound
FM 1
ST
DOLBY SYSTEM
POWER
AUDIO
AM/FM
1
2
3
–
VOLUME
+
4
5
CLOCK
Power control
Press the control to
turn the audio system
on or off.
SCAN
AMS
SEEK
POWER
Volume control
Press the control to
–
+
VOLUME
raise or lower volume.
If the volume is set
above a certain level and the ignition is turned off,
the volume will come back on at a “nominal”
listening level when the ignition switch is turned
back on. If you wish to maintain your preset volume
level, turn the audio system off with the power
control before switching off the ignition.
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select
AM/FM
control works in radio
mode and allows you
to select AM or FM
frequency bands.
Press the control to switch between AM, FM1 or
FM2 memory preset stations.
23
Controls and features
Tune adjust in radio mode
Tune adjust allows you
to tune in a particular
AMS
radio station. You can
manually locate the
station by using the Automatic Music Search (AMS)
button.
• Press the AMS control until the display shows
TUNE.
• Press and release
SEEK
or
on
either
the SEEK control to
change to the next frequency up or down.
• Press and hold down
or
to quickly move
through the frequencies.
Seek function
The seek function control works in radio or tape
mode.
Seek function in radio mode
• Press
to find the
SEEK
next listenable
station down the
frequency band.
• Press
to find the next listenable station up
the frequency band.
Seek function in tape mode
The Automatic Music
Search (AMS) feature
AMS
allows you to quickly
locate the beginning of
the tape selection being played or to skip to the
next selection.
• Press the AMS control.
24
Controls and features
• Press
to listen
to the previous
selection on the
tape.
• Press
to listen to the next selection on the
tape.
The tape deck stops and returns to play mode when
the AMS circuit senses a blank section on the tape.
In order to ensure proper operation of the AMS
feature, the tape MUST have a blank section of at
least 4 seconds duration between programs.
Scan function
The scan function
SCAN
works in radio mode.
• Press the SCAN
button to activate the scan mode. The radio scans
up the frequency band, stopping on each
listenable station for approximately a five-second
sampling.
• Press the SCAN button a second time to
deactivate the feature.
Radio station memory preset
The radio is equipped with five station memory
preset controls. These controls can be used to select
up to five preset AM stations and ten FM stations
(five in FM1 and five in FM2).
Setting memory preset stations
1. Select the frequency
AM/FM
band with the AM/FM
select control.
2. Select a station. Refer to Tune adjust or Seek
function for more information on selecting a station.
3. Press and hold a
1
2
3
memory preset control
4
5
until the sound returns,
indicating the station is
25
Controls and features
held in memory on the control you selected.
Repeat the steps for each station memory preset
button you want to set.
If the battery is disconnected, the memory preset
stations will need to be reset.
Bass adjust
The bass adjust control allows you to increase or
decrease the audio system’s bass output.
• Push the AUDIO
control repeatedly
AUDIO
until the display
reads BASS.
• Press (+) or (−) on
–
+
VOLUME
the volume control
to increase or
decrease bass output.
Treble adjust
The treble adjust control allows you to increase or
decrease the audio system’s treble output.
• Push the AUDIO
control repeatedly
AUDIO
until the display
reads TREB.
• Press (+) or (−) on
–
+
VOLUME
the volume control
to increase or
decrease treble output.
Speaker balance adjust
Speaker sound distribution can be adjusted between
the right and left speakers.
• Push the AUDIO
control repeatedly
AUDIO
until the display
reads BAL.
26
Controls and features
• Press the (+) side of
–
+
VOLUME
the volume control
to shift sound to the
right speakers.
• Press the (−) side of the volume control to shift
sound to the left speakers.
Speaker fade adjust
Speaker sound distribution can be adjusted between
the front and rear speakers.
• Push the AUDIO
control repeatedly
AUDIO
until the display
reads FADE.
• Press the (+) side of
–
+
VOLUME
the volume control
to shift sound to the
front speakers.
• Press the (−) side of the volume control to shift
sound to the rear speakers.
Tape play select
Insert a tape to begin tape play.
Push only slightly when inserting a cassette tape (with
the open edge to the right). A cassette deck loading
mechanism pulls the tape in the rest of the way.
Rewind/fast forward
The rewind and fast forward controls work in tape
mode.
Rewind/fast forward function in tape mode
• Press
to
rewind the tape.
Play will continue
once the beginning
of the tape is reached or rewind is stopped.
to fast forward the tape. Once the
• Press
end of the tape is reached, tape direction reverses
and the opposite side of the tape plays.
27
Controls and features
Tape eject
Press the control to
stop and eject a tape.
DolbyT noise reduction
Dolbyt noise reduction
reduces the amount of
hiss and static during
tape playback.
Press the
control to activate (and deactivate)
Dolbyt noise reduction.
Dolbyt noise reduction is manufactured under
license from Dolbyt Laboratories Licensing
Corporation. “Dolbyt” and the double-D symbol are
trademarks of Dolbyt Laboratories Licensing
Corporation.
Setting the clock
Press the CLOCK
control while
simultaneously
depressing the SEEK control.
• Press
to set the
hours.
to set the
• Press
minutes.
CLOCK
SEEK
MACH 460 Sound SystemT with AM/FM
Stereo/Cassette
FM1
REW
AUTOMATIC
DNR CrO2
ST
FF
PLAY EJCT
PROG
POWER
AUDIO
VOLUME
28
AM/FM
1
2
3
4
5
CLOCK
AUTO
PRESET
SCAN
TUNE
SEEK
Controls and features
Power control
Press the control to
turn the audio system
on or off.
POWER
Volume control
Press the control to
VOLUME
raise or lower volume.
If the volume is set
above a certain level and the ignition is turned off,
the volume will come back on at a “nominal”
listening level when the ignition switch is turned
back on. If you wish to maintain your preset volume
level, turn the audio system off with the power
control before switching off the ignition.
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select
AM/FM
control works in radio
mode and allows you to
select AM or FM
frequency bands.
Press the control to switch between AM, FM1 or
FM2 memory preset stations.
Tune adjust
Tune adjust works in
SCAN
radio mode and allows
TUNE
you to manually tune in
a particular radio
station.
• Press the SCAN/TUNE button twice.
• The display reads TUNE.
Press the SEEK control
SEEK
to move up or down
through the
frequencies.
to move down or
to move up the
• Press
frequency band.
29
Controls and features
• Press and hold down
or
through the frequencies.
to quickly move
Seek function
The seek function control works in radio or tape
mode.
Seek function in radio mode
This feature allows you
SEEK
to automatically select
listenable stations up
or down the frequency band.
• Press
to find the next listenable station down
the frequency band.
• Press
to find the next listenable station up
the frequency band.
Seek function in tape mode
This feature allows you
SEEK
to locate the beginning
of the tape selection
being played or to skip to the next selection.
• Press
to listen to the previous selection on
the tape.
• Press
to listen to the next selection on the
tape.
Scan function
The scan function works in radio, tape and CD mode
(if equipped).
Scan function in radio mode
This feature allows you
SCAN
to scan the frequency
TUNE
band, stopping on each
listenable station for
approximately a five-second sampling.
• Press the SCAN/TUNE button to enter the scan
mode.
• This display reads SCN.
30
Controls and features
Use the SEEK button
SEEK
to scan up or down the
frequency band.
• Press
to find the next listenable station down
the frequency band.
to find the next listenable station up
• Press
the frequency band.
Scan function in tape mode
This feature allows you
SCAN
to scan the tape
TUNE
currently playing,
stopping on each
selection for approximately an eight-second
sampling.
• Press the SCAN/TUNE button to enter the scan
mode.
• The display reads SCN.
Use the SEEK button
SEEK
to scan the desired
direction on the tape.
to scan previous selections.
• Press
to scan forward selections.
• Press
Press the SCAN/TUNE button again to stop the scan
mode on the current selection.
Radio station memory preset
The radio is equipped with five station memory
preset controls. These controls can be used to select
up to five preset AM stations and ten FM stations
(five in FM1 and five in FM2).
Setting memory preset stations
1. Select the frequency
AM/FM
band with the AM/FM
select control.
2. Select a station. Refer to Seek function for more
information on selecting a station.
31
Controls and features
3. Press and hold a
1
2
3
memory preset control
until the sound returns,
4
5
indicating the station is
held in memory on the control you selected.
If the battery is disconnected, the memory preset
stations will need to be reset.
Bass adjust
The bass adjust control allows you to increase or
decrease the audio system’s bass output.
• Push the AUDIO
AUDIO
control repeatedly
until the display
reads BASS.
• Press (+) or (−) on
VOLUME
the volume control
to increase or
decrease bass output.
Treble adjust
The treble adjust control allows you to increase or
decrease the audio system’s treble output.
• Push the AUDIO
AUDIO
control repeatedly
until the display
reads TREB.
• Press (+) or (−) on
VOLUME
the volume control
to increase or
decrease treble output.
Speaker balance adjust
Speaker sound distribution can be adjusted between
the right and left speakers.
• Push the AUDIO
AUDIO
control repeatedly
until the display
reads BAL.
32
Controls and features
• Press the (+) side of
VOLUME
the volume control
to shift sound to the
right speakers.
• Press the (−) side of the volume control to shift
sound to the left speakers.
Speaker fade adjust
Speaker sound distribution can be adjusted between
the front and rear speakers.
• Push the AUDIO
AUDIO
control repeatedly
until the display
reads FADE.
• Press the (+) side of
VOLUME
the volume control
to shift sound to the
front speakers.
• Press the (−) side of the volume control to shift
sound to the rear speakers.
Tape play select
Insert a cassette tape into the cassette deck.
Push only slightly when inserting a cassette tape
(with the open edge to the right). A cassette deck
loading mechanism pulls the tape in the rest of the
way.
Press PLAY to begin
PLAY
cassette tape play.
PROG
Rewind/fast forward function in tape mode
Press the control to
rewind the tape.
REW
Play will continue once
the beginning of the
tape is reached or rewind is stopped.
33
Controls and features
Press the control to
fast forward the tape.
FF
Once the end of the
tape is reached, tape
direction reverses and the opposite side of the tape
plays.
Tape eject
Press the control to
stop and eject a tape.
EJCT
DolbyT noise reduction
Dolbyt noise reduction
reduces the amount of
hiss and static during
tape playback.
control to activate (and deactivate)
Press the
Dolbyt noise reduction.
Dolbyt noise reduction is manufactured under
license from Dolbyt Laboratories Licensing
Corporation. “Dolbyt” and the double-D symbol are
trademarks of Dolbyt Laboratories Licensing
Corporation.
Setting the clock
Press the CLOCK
control while
simultaneously
depressing the SEEK
control.
• Press
to set the
hours.
to set the
• Press
minutes.
34
CLOCK
SEEK
Controls and features
Single Disc CD Player
EJECT
DISC
COMPRESS
SHUFFLE
AMS
SCAN
PLAY/STOP
REV/FF
Power and volume control
The compact disc player operates when the audio
system is on and a CD is inserted (label side up).
The volume is controlled by the VOLUME control on
the audio system.
Play function
The system enters the
PLAY/STOP
PLAY mode when a CD
is loaded, label side up,
into the disc opening.
The PLAY indicator will illuminate. The CD
automatically loads into the unit and begins play at
the beginning of the first track. When the CD
reaches the end, the disc player automatically
returns to the beginning of the CD and resumes
play.
Stop function
Press the PLAY/STOP
PLAY/STOP
control to temporarily
stop CD play. The stop
indicator illuminates
and operation returns to the radio or tape mode.
Press the control again to resume CD play.
Scan function
Press the SCAN control
SCAN
to enter the scan
mode. The CD player
will begin scanning the
CD, stopping on each listenable track for
35
Controls and features
approximately eight seconds. This continues until
you press the SCAN control a second time or eject
the CD. While in the scan mode, the display flashes
SCAN.
Reverse/fast forward
To quickly search for a
REV/FF
particular point in a
selection, press the
right side of the REV/FF control (to fast forward) or
the left side (to reverse). If you hold down the
desired function for longer than a few seconds, the
process will speed up. Release the button when you
have reached the desired point of the CD.
If you hold down the fast forward control until the
end of the CD is reached, the display will show the
end time of the last track and the sound will be
muted. When the fast forward control is released,
the player will resume play at the beginning of the
first track.
AMS control
The AMS (Automatic
AMS
Music Search) control
on your CD player
allows you to quickly find a particular selection on
the disc. Press the left side of the AMS control to
locate a previous selection, or the right side to
locate a later selection.
Compression feature
Press the COMPRESS
COMPRESS
control to activate (and
deactivate)
compression adjust.
Compression adjust brings soft and loud CD
passages together for a more consistent listening
level.
36
Controls and features
Shuffle feature
The shuffle feature
SHUFFLE
plays all tracks on the
current CD in random
order.
Press the SHUFFLE control to start this feature.
Random order play will continue until the control is
pressed again.
Eject
Push the EJECT
control to stop CD play,
eject the CD, and
resume radio or tape
operation.
EJECT
Troubleshooting the CD player (if equipped)
The laser beam used in the compact disc
player is harmful to the eyes. Do not
attempt to disassemble the case.
If sound skips:
• You may be traveling on a rough road, playing
badly scratched discs or the disc may be dirty.
Skipping will not scratch the discs or damage the
player.
If your changer does not work, it may be that:
• A disc is already loaded where you want to insert
a disc.
• The disc is inserted with the label surface
downward.
• The disc is dusty or defective.
• The player’s internal temperature is above 60°C
(140°F). Allow the player to cool down before
operating.
• A disc with format and dimensions not within
industry standards is inserted.
37
Controls and features
Cleaning compact discs
Inspect all discs for contamination before playing. If
necessary, clean discs only with an approved CD
cleaner and wipe from the center out to the edge.
Do not use circular motion.
CD and CD player care
• Handle discs by their edges only. Never touch the
playing surface.
• Do not expose discs to direct sunlight or heat
sources for extended periods of time.
• Do not insert more than one disc into the slot of
the CD player.
Cleaning cassette player (if equipped)
Clean the tape player head with a cassette cleaning
cartridge after 10 to 12 hours of play in order to
maintain the best sound and operation.
Cassette and cassette player care
• Use only cassettes that are 90 minutes long or
less.
• Do not expose tapes to direct sunlight, high
humidity, extreme heat or extreme cold. Allow
tapes that may have been exposed to extreme
temperatures to reach a moderate temperature
before playing.
• Tighten very loose tapes by inserting a finger or
pencil into the hole and turning the hub.
• Remove loose labels before inserting tapes.
• Do not leave tapes in the cassette player for a
long time when not being played.
Radio frequency information
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
and the Canadian Radio and Telecommunications
Commission(CRTC) establish the frequencies AM
38
Controls and features
and FM stations may use for their broadcasts.
Allowable frequencies are:
AM 530, 540–1600, 1610 kHz
FM 87.7, 87.9–107.7, 107.9 MHz
Not all frequencies are used in a given area.
Radio reception factors
Three factors can affect radio reception:
• Distance/strength. The further an FM signal
travels, the weaker it is. The listenable range of
the average FM station is approximately 40 km
(24 miles). This range can be affected by “signal
modulation.” Signal modulation is a process radio
stations use to increase their strength/volume
relative to other stations.
• Terrain. Hills, mountains and tall buildings
between your vehicle’s antenna and the radio
station signal can cause FM reception problems.
Static can be caused on AM stations by power
lines, electric fences, traffic lights and
thunderstorms. Moving away from an interfering
structure (out of its “shadow”) returns your
reception to normal.
• Station overload. Weak signals are sometimes
captured by stronger signals when you pass a
broadcast tower. A stronger signal may
temporarily overtake a weaker signal and play
while the weak station frequency is displayed.
The audio system automatically switches to single
channel reception if it will improve the reception of
a station normally received in stereo.
Audio system warranties and service
Refer to the “Warranty Guide” for audio system
warranty information.
If service is necessary, see your dealer or a qualified
technician.
39
Controls and features
TRUNK REMOTE CONTROL
The remote trunk release control is located in the
glove compartment. Press to open trunk.
TURN SIGNAL CONTROL
• Push down to
activate the left turn
signal.
• Push up to activate
the right turn signal.
HI
LO
OFF
WINDSHIELD WIPER/WASHER CONTROLS
Rotate the windshield
wiper control to the
desired interval, low or
high speed position.
The bars of varying
length are for
intermittent wipers. When in this position rotate the
control upward for fast intervals and downward for
slow intervals.
Push the control on
the end of the stalk to
activate washer. Push
and hold for a longer
wash cycle. The washer will automatically shut off
after ten seconds of continuous use.
HI
LO
OFF
HI
LO
OFF
Mist Function
To operate the Mist
function of the
windshield wipers,
push and release the
windshield washer control quickly. The wipers will
cycle one or two times.
HI
LO
OFF
40
Controls and features
FLASH TO PASS
Pull toward you to
activate and release to
deactivate.
HI
LO
OFF
POSITIONS OF THE IGNITION
1. ACCESSORY, allows
4
3
the electrical
5
accessories such as the
radio to operate while
2
the engine is not
running.
1
2. LOCK, locks the
steering wheel, automatic transmission gearshift
lever and allows key removal.
3. OFF, shuts off the engine and all accessories
without locking the steering wheel.
4. ON, all electrical circuits operational. Warning
lights illuminated. Key position when driving.
5. START, cranks the engine. Release the key as
soon as the engine starts.
TILT STEERING WHEEL (IF EQUIPPED)
Pull the tilt steering
control toward you to
move the steering
wheel up or down.
Hold the control while
adjusting the wheel to
the desired position,
then release the
control to lock the
steering wheel in
position.
41
Controls and features
Never adjust the steering wheel when the
vehicle is moving.
SPEED CONTROL
To turn speed control on
• Press ON.
Vehicle speed cannot
be controlled until the
vehicle is traveling at
or above 48 km/h (30
mph).
ON
OFF
Do not use the speed control in heavy traffic
or on roads that are winding, slippery, or
unpaved.
Do not shift the gearshift lever into N
(Neutral) with the speed control on.
To turn speed control off
• Press OFF or
• Turn off the vehicle
ignition.
ON
OFF
Once speed control is switched off, the previously
programmed set speed will be erased.
42
Controls and features
To set a speed
• Press SET/SET ACC/
SET ACCEL. For
RESUME
speed control to
SET
operate, the speed
ACCEL
control must be ON
COAST
and the vehicle
speed must be
greater than 48 km/h
(30 mph).
If you drive up or down a steep hill, your vehicle
speed may vary momentarily slower or faster than
the set speed. This is normal.
Speed control cannot reduce the vehicle speed if it
increases above the set speed on a downhill. If your
vehicle speed is faster than the set speed while
driving on a downhill, you may want to shift to the
next lower gear or apply the brakes to reduce your
vehicle speed.
If your vehicle slows down more than 16 km/h (10
mph) below your set speed on an uphill, your speed
control will disengage. This is normal. Pressing
RES/RSM/RESUME will re-engage it.
Do not use the speed control in heavy traffic
or on roads that are winding, slippery, or
unpaved.
To set a higher set speed
• Press and hold SET/
SET ACC/SET
RESUME
ACCEL. Release the
SET
control when the
ACCEL
desired vehicle
COAST
speed is reached or
• Press and release
SET/SET ACC/SET
ACCEL. Each press will increase the set speed by
1.6 km/h (1 mph) or
43
Controls and features
• Accelerate with your accelerator pedal. When the
desired vehicle speed is reached, press and
release SET/SET ACC/SET ACCEL.
You can accelerate with the accelerator pedal at any
time during speed control usage. Releasing the
accelerator pedal will return your vehicle to the
previously programmed set speed.
To set a lower set speed
• Press and hold
CST/COAST. Release
RESUME
the control when the
SET
desired speed is
ACCEL
reached or
COAST
• Press and release
CST/COAST. Each
press will decrease
the set speed by 1.6 km/h (1 mph) or
• Depress the brake
pedal. When the
RESUME
desired vehicle
SET
speed is reached,
ACCEL
press SET/SET
COAST
ACC/SET ACCEL.
To disengage speed control
• Depress the brake
pedal or
44
Controls and features
• Depress the clutch
pedal (if equipped).
Disengaging the speed
control will not erase
the previously
programmed set speed.
Pressing OFF will erase
the previously
programmed set speed.
ON
OFF
To return to a previously set speed
• Press RES/RSM/
RESUME. For RES/
RESUME
RSM/RESUME to
SET
operate, the vehicle
ACCEL
speed must be faster
COAST
than 48 km/h (30
mph).
INTERIOR LAMPS
Map lamps (if equipped)
If equipped with a
convertible top the
map lamps and
controls are located on
the rearview mirror.
Press the controls on
the bottom of the
mirror to activate the
lamps.
45
Controls and features
POWER WINDOWS
Press and hold the rocker switches to open and
close windows.
• Press the top portion
of the rocker switch
to close.
• Press the bottom
portion of the rocker
switch to open.
Express down
To make the driver
window open fully
without holding the
window control, press
the driver window
control completely
down and release
quickly. Depress again
to stop window
operation.
Window lock (if equipped)
The window lock
feature allows only the
driver to operate the
power windows.
To lock out all the
window controls except
46
LOCK
Controls and features
for the driver’s press the control. Press the control
again to restore the window controls.
POWER DOOR LOCKS
Press U to unlock all
doors and L to lock all
doors.
U
L
POWER SIDE VIEW MIRRORS (IF EQUIPPED)
To adjust your mirrors:
1. Move the mirror selector control all the way to
the left to adjust the left mirror or all the way to the
right to adjust the right mirror.
2. Move the control in
the direction you wish
to tilt the mirror.
3. Return to the center position to lock mirrors in
place.
CENTER CONSOLE
Your vehicle may be equipped with a variety of
console features. These include:
• Dual cupholders
• Auxiliary power point
• Coin holder slots (if equipped)
• Foglamp control (if equipped)
• Convertible top control (if equipped)
47
Controls and features
Use only soft cups in the cupholder. Hard
objects can injure you in a collision.
Foglamp control (if equipped)
Turn on the parking
lamps or the low-beam
headlamps. Press the
top portion of the
foglamp control,
located on the center
console, to activate the
foglamps. The foglamp
LED will illuminate when the foglamps are on. When
the highbeams are activated, the foglamps will not
operate.
Press the bottom portion of the foglamp control to
deactivate the foglamps.
Convertible (If equipped)
Do not store articles behind rear seat. Articles
stored in the convertible top stowage compartment
may break the rear glass window when the top is
lowered.
Lowering the convertible top
The convertible top can be lowered with the side
windows either up or down.
The convertible top will not operate unless the
parking brake is engaged. Do not lower the top while
the vehicle is moving because the top may be
severely damaged. Also, do not lower the top when
the top material is wet.
To lower the convertible top:
1. Bring vehicle to a complete stop. Engage the
parking brake. Key must be in the ON position.
2. Check the convertible top stowage compartment
behind the rear seat to be sure it is empty and ready
to receive the top.
48
Controls and features
SE
E
3. Unclamp the top from the windshield header at
both the right and left sides by pulling each clamp
rearward until the hook in the windshield header is
free. The clamps are flush with the header when in
the closed position.
4. Close the windshield header clamps immediately
after disengagement, to avoid cutting the top
material and to permit installation of the vinyl boot.
5. If the top has not
been lowered for some
time and sticks to the
windshield header,
push the front of the
top up slightly with
your hand to loosen it.
6. Push the convertible
PARK BRAK
T
top switch on the
console in front of the
armrest and hold until
the top is completely
stored.
7. Disengage the
parking brake.
Installation of the boot
1. Insert boot tongue
into groove located on
rear seat.
49
Controls and features
2. Push boot forward
until rear attachment
engages under
molding.
3. Push forward flap of
boot until both clips
engage under trim
panel edge. Repeat on
other side of vehicle.
4. Tuck side
attachments under
molding. Repeat on
other side of vehicle.
5. Push and pull front
of boot to ensure
tongue is engaged into
groove.
6. Removal
50
Controls and features
Raising the convertible top
The convertible top will not operate unless the
parking brake is engaged. Do not raise the top while
the vehicle is moving because the top may be
severely damaged.
To raise the convertible top:
1. Bring the vehicle to a complete stop. Engage the
parking brake. Key must be in the ON position.
2. Remove the boot cover and store it in the luggage
compartment.
3. Lower the front and rear side windows.
4. Push the convertible top button, holding it until
the top unfolds and moves forward toward the
windshield header.
5. Open both top clamps before the top meets the
windshield header
6. Continue to use the top motor to raise the top
until it has reached the fully closed position flush to
the header.
7. The two pins under the forward edge of the top
should seat themselves in the matching holes in the
header.
8. To fasten both clamps securely, push the clamp
handles into the header on the top until they are
flush with the header. Pulling down on the header at
the center grip while closing the latches may assist
in fastening the clamps.
9. Raise the front and rear side windows.
10. Disengage the parking brake.
51
Controls and features
AUXILIARY POWER POINT
The power point is an
additional power
source for electrical
accessories.
TRACTION CONTROLY
This control can be
used to turn the
Traction Controly on
or off. Refer to the
Traction Controly
section of the Driving
chapter for more
information.
TRAC
CTRL
OFF
OVERDRIVE CONTROL (IF EQUIPPED)
Activating overdrive
(Overdrive) is the normal drive position for the
best fuel economy.
The overdrive function allows automatic upshifts and
downshifts through all available gears.
Deactivating overdrive
Press the Transmission
Control Switch (TCS)
located on the
gearshift. The O/D OFF
indicator light will
illuminate on the
instrument cluster.
52
Controls and features
The transmission will operate in all gears except
overdrive. To return to normal overdrive mode, press
the Transmission Control Switch again. The O/D
OFF indicator light will no longer be illuminated.
When you shut off and re-start your vehicle, the
transmission will automatically return to normal
(Overdrive) mode.
For additional information about the gearshift and
the transmission control switch operation refer to
the Automatic Transmission Operation section of
the Driving chapter.
POSITIVE RETENTION FLOOR MAT
(IF EQUIPPED)
Position the floor mat so
that the eyelet is over the
pointed end of the
retention post and rotate
forward to lock in. Make
sure that the mat does not
interfere with the operation
of the accelerator or the
brake pedal. To remove the
floor mat, reverse the installation procedure.
REMOTE ENTRY SYSTEM
The remote entry system allows you to:
• lock or unlock all vehicle doors without a key.
• open the trunk.
• activate the panic alarm.
• confirms that the vehicle is locked with a short
“beep” from the horn.
The remote entry features only operate with the
ignition in the OFF position.
If there is any potential remote keyless entry
problem with your vehicle, ensure ALL key fobs
(remote entry transmitters) are brought to the
dealership, to aid in troubleshooting.
53
Controls and features
Unlocking the doors
Press this control to
unlock the driver’s
door. The interior
lamps will illuminate.
With the all-door
remote entry system,
press the control a
second time within
three seconds to unlock the passenger door.
Locking the doors
Press this control to
lock all doors.
To confirm all doors
are closed and locked,
press the control a
second time within
three seconds. The
doors will lock again,
the horn will chirp and the lamps will flash.
If any of the doors are ajar, the horn will make two
quick chirps and the chime may sound, reminding
you to properly close all doors.
Opening the trunk
Press the control once
to open the trunk.
Ensure that the trunk
is closed and latched
before driving your
vehicle. Failure to latch
the trunk may cause
objects to fall out of
the trunk or block the rear view.
54
Controls and features
Sounding a panic alarm
Press this control to
activate the alarm.
To deactivate the
alarm, press the
control again or turn
the ignition to ACC or
ON.
This device complies
with part 15 of the FCC rules and with RS-210 of
Industry Canada. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions: (1) This device may not
cause harmful interference, and (2) This device
must accept any interference received, including
interference that may cause undesired operation.
Changes or modifications not expressly
approved by the party responsible for
compliance could void the user’s authority to
operate the equipment.
Illuminated entry
The interior lamps illuminate when the remote entry
system is used to unlock the door(s) or sound the
personal alarm.
The system automatically turns off after 25 seconds
or when the ignition is turned to the START/RUN or
ACC position. The dome lamp control (if equipped)
must not be set to the OFF position for the
illuminated entry system to operate.
The inside lights will not turn off if:
• they have been turned on with the dimmer
control or
• any door is open.
The battery saver will shut off the interior lamps 30
minutes after the ignition has been turned to the
OFF position, 10 minutes after if the door is left
open, and 30 minutes after if the trunk is left open
or the dome lamp switch is left on.
55
Controls and features
Replacing lost transmitters
Take all your vehicle’s
transmitters to your
dealer if service is
required.
If you purchase
additional transmitters
(up to four may be
programmed into
memory), perform the following procedure:
To reprogram the transmitters, place the key in the
ignition and turn from OFF to ON eight times in
rapid succession (within 10 seconds) ending in ON.
After doors lock/unlock, press any control on all
transmitters (up to four). With each control press of
the transmitters, the door should cycle (lock/unlock)
to confirm programming. When completed, turn the
ignition to OFF. The door locks should cycle
(lock/unlock) one last time to confirm completion of
programming.
All transmitters must be programmed at the same
time.
Replacing the batteries
The transmitter is powered by two coin type
three-volt lithium batteries. Typical operating range
will allow you to be up to 10 meters (33 feet) away
from your vehicle. A decrease in operating range can
be caused by:
• weather conditions
• nearby radio towers
• structures around the vehicle
• other vehicles parked next to the vehicle
56
Controls and features
To replace the
batteries:
1. Twist a thin coin
between the two halves
of the transmitter near
the key ring. DO NOT
TAKE THE FRONT
PART OF THE
TRANSMITTER
APART.
2. Place the positive
(+) side of new batteries down. Refer to the diagram
inside the transmitter unit.
3. Snap the two halves back together.
SECURILOCKY PASSIVE ANTI-THEFT SYSTEM
The SecuriLocky passive anti-theft system provides
an advanced level of vehicle theft protection. Your
vehicle’s engine can only be started with the two
special SecuriLocky electronically coded keys
provided with your vehicle. Each time you start your
vehicle, the SecuriLocky key is read by the
SecuriLocky passive anti-theft system. If the
SecuriLocky key identification code matches the
code stored in the SecuriLocky anti-theft system,
the vehicle’s engine is allowed to start. If the
SecuriLocky key identification code does not match
the code stored in the system or if a SecuriLocky
key is not detected (vehicle theft situation), the
vehicle’s engine will not operate.
If there is any potential SecuriLocky anti-theft
problem with your vehicle, ensure ALL
SecuriLocky keys for that vehicle are brought to
the dealership, to aid in troubleshooting.
The SecuriLocky passive anti-theft system is not
compatible with aftermarket remote start systems.
Use of these systems may result in vehicle starting
problems and a loss of security protection. Large
metallic objects, a second key or electronic devices
57
Controls and features
used to purchase gasoline or similar items on the
same key ring as the PATS ignition key may cause
vehicle starting problems. If present, you need to
keep these objects from touching the PATS ignition
key while starting the engine. These objects cannot
damage the PATS ignition key, but can cause a
momentary problem if they are too close to the key
during engine start. If a problem occurs, turn the
ignition OFF and restart the engine with all other
objects on the key ring held away from the ignition
key. Check to make sure the encoded ignition key is
an approved Ford encoded ignition key.
Spare SecuriLocky keys can be purchased from
your dealership and programmed to your
SecuriLocky passive anti-theft system. Refer to
Programming spare SecuriLocky keys for more
information.
If one or both of your SecuriLocky keys are lost or
stolen and you want to ensure the lost or stolen key
will not operate your vehicle, bring your vehicle and
all available SecuriLocky keys to your dealership for
reinitialization.
Theft indicator
The theft indicator on the instrument cluster will
operate as follows:
• When the ignition is OFF, the theft indicator will
flash briefly every two seconds to indicate the
SecuriLocky system is protecting your vehicle.
• When the ignition is turned to ON or START, the
theft indicator will light for three seconds and
then go out. If the theft indicator stays on for an
extended period of time or flashes rapidly, have
the system serviced by your dealership or a
qualified technician.
Programming spare SecuriLockY keys
Spare SecuriLocky keys can be purchased from
your dealership and programmed to your
SecuriLocky passive anti-theft system (up to a total
58
Controls and features
of eight keys). Your dealership can program your
new SecuriLocky key(s) to your vehicle or you can
do it yourself using the following simple procedure.
To program a new SecuriLocky key yourself, you
will need two previously programmed SecuriLocky
keys (keys that already operate your vehicle’s
engine). If two previously programmed SecuriLocky
keys are not available (one or both of your original
keys were lost or stolen), you must bring your
vehicle to your dealership to have the spare
SecuriLocky key(s) programmed.
Procedure to program spare SecuriLockY keys
to your vehicle
New SecuriLocky keys must have the correct
mechanical key cut for your vehicle.
Conventional (non-SecuriLocky) keys cannot be
programmed to your vehicle.
You will need to have two previously programmed
SecuriLocky keys and the new unprogrammed
SecuriLocky key readily accessible for the
procedure. Please read and understand the entire
procedure before you begin.
1. Insert the first previously programmed
SecuriLocky key into the ignition and turn the
ignition from OFF to ON (maintain ignition in ON
for at least one second).
2. Turn ignition to OFF and remove the first
SecuriLocky key from the ignition.
3. Within five seconds of turning the ignition to OFF,
insert the second previously programmed
SecuriLocky key into the ignition and turn the
ignition from OFF to ON (maintain ignition in ON
for at least one second but no more than five
seconds).
4. Turn the ignition to OFF and remove the second
SecuriLocky key from the ignition.
5. Within 10 seconds of turning the ignition to OFF,
insert the unprogrammed SecuriLocky key (new
59
Controls and features
key/valet key) into the ignition and turn the ignition
from OFF to ON (maintain ignition in ON for at least
one second). This step will program your new
SecuriLocky key.
6. To program additional SecuriLocky key(s), repeat
this procedure from step 1.
If the programming procedure was successful, the
new SecuriLocky key(s) will start the vehicle’s
engine. The theft indicator (located on the
instrument cluster) will light for three seconds and
then go out.
If the programming procedure was not successful,
the new SecuriLocky key(s) will not operate the
vehicle’s engine. The theft indicator will flash on and
off. Wait at least one minute and then repeat the
procedure from step 1. If failure repeats, bring your
vehicle to your dealership to have the spare
SecuriLocky key(s) programmed.
INTERIOR LUGGAGE COMPARTMENT
RELEASE (IF EQUIPPED)
Your vehicle is equipped with a mechanical interior
luggage compartment release handle that provides a
means of escape for children and adults in the event
they become locked inside the luggage
compartment.
Adults are advised to familiarize themselves with the
operation and location of the release handle.
60
Controls and features
To open the luggage
compartment door
(lid) from the inside,
pull the illuminated “T”
shaped handle and
push up on the trunk
lid. The material that
the handle is made of
will glow for hours in
the darkness of the
luggage compartment
following brief
exposure to ambient
light.
The “T” shaped handle will be located either on the
luggage compartment door (lid) or inside the
luggage compartment near the tail lamps.
Keep vehicle
doors and
luggage compartment
locked and keep keys
out of a child’s reach.
Unsupervised
children could lock
themselves in an
open trunk and risk
injury. Children
should be taught not
to play in vehicles.
On hot days, the temperature in the trunk
or vehicle interior can rise very quickly.
Exposure of people or animals to these high
temperatures for even a short time can cause
death or serious heat-related injuries, including
brain damage. Small children are particularly at
risk.
61
Seating and safety restraints
SEATING
Adjustable head restraints (if equipped)
Your vehicle’s seats may be equipped with head
restraints which are vertically adjustable. The
purpose of these head restraints is to help limit head
motion in the event of a rear collision. To properly
adjust your head restraints, lift the head restraint so
that it is located directly behind your head or as
close to that position as possible. Refer to the
following to raise and lower the head restraints.
The head restraints can
be moved up and
down.
Adjusting the front manual seat
Never adjust the driver’s seat or seatback
when the vehicle is moving.
Do not pile cargo higher than the seatbacks
to reduce the risk of injuring people in a
collision or sudden stop.
Always drive and ride with your seatback
upright and the lap belt snug and low across
the hips.
Reclining the seatback can reduce the
effectiveness of the seat’s safety belt in the
event of a collision.
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Seating and safety restraints
Lift handle to move
seat forward or
backward.
Pull lever up to adjust
seatback.
Adjusting the front power seat (if equipped)
Never adjust the driver’s seat or seatback
when the vehicle is moving.
Do not pile cargo higher than the seatbacks
to avoid injuring people in a collision or
sudden stop.
Always drive and ride with your seatback
upright and the lap belt snug and low across
the hips.
Reclining the seatback can reduce the
effectiveness of the seat’s safety belt in the
event of a collision.
63
Seating and safety restraints
The control is located on the front outboard corner
of the driver’s seat.
Press front to raise or
lower the front portion
of the seat cushion.
Press rear to raise or
lower the rear portion
of the seat cushion.
Press the control to
move the seat forward,
backward, up or down.
Using the power lumbar support (if equipped)
The power lumbar
control is located on
the outboard side of
the seat.
Press one side of the control to adjust firmness.
Press the other side of the control to adjust
softness.
Rear seat entry/exit
Use the seatback release to fold the back of the
front seat forward for rear seat passenger entry or
exit. This release handle is located on the lower
outboard back of the seat. The seatback locks
automatically when returned to the normal position.
64
Seating and safety restraints
The rotating boot on the front seat belt is designed
to allow rear seat entry/exit. To enter the rear seat:
1. Remove seat belt
from seat belt holder
on top of front seat.
2. Rotate the safety
belt boot rearward.
3. Enter the rear seat in front of the safety belt.
4. Rotate the safety belt boot forward and place the
belt in the belt guide on the seat back to allow use
by the front driver/passenger.
2nd seat/Split-folding rear seat (if equipped)
One or both rear seatbacks can be folded down to
provide additional cargo space.
To lower the
seatback(s) from inside
the vehicle, pull tab to
release seat back and
then fold seatback
down.
When raising the seatback(s), make sure you hear
the seat latch into place.
SAFETY RESTRAINTS
Safety restraints precautions
Always drive and ride with your seatback
upright and the lap belt snug and low across
the hips.
65
Seating and safety restraints
To reduce the risk of injury, make sure
children sit where they can be properly
restrained.
Never let a passenger hold a child on his or
her lap while the vehicle is moving. The
passenger cannot protect the child from injury in a
collision.
All occupants of the vehicle, including the
driver, should always properly wear their
safety belts, even when an air bag SRS is provided.
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo
area, inside or outside of a vehicle. In a
collision, people riding in these areas are more
likely to be seriously injured or killed. Do not allow
people to ride in any area of your vehicle that is
not equipped with seats and safety belts. Be sure
everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a
safety belt properly.
In a rollover crash, an unbelted person is
significantly more likely to die than a person
wearing a seat belt.
Each seating position in your vehicle has a
specific safety belt assembly which is made
up of one buckle and one tongue that are designed
to be used as a pair. 1) Use the shoulder belt on
the outside shoulder only. Never wear the shoulder
belt under the arm. 2) Never swing the safety belt
around your neck over the inside shoulder.
3) Never use a single belt for more than one
person.
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Seating and safety restraints
Always transport children 12 years old and
under in the back seat and always properly
use appropriate child restraints.
Combination lap and shoulder belts
Before fastening the
safety belt, make sure
the shoulder belt
passes through the belt
holder on the top of
the seatback.
Coupe shown,
convertible is similar
and safety belt must also pass through the belt
holder.
1. Insert the belt
tongue into the proper
buckle (the buckle
closest to the direction
the tongue is coming
from) until you hear a
snap and feel it latch.
Make sure the tongue
is securely fastened in
the buckle.
2. To unfasten, push
the release button and
remove the tongue
from the buckle.
67
Seating and safety restraints
The front and rear outboard safety restraints in the
vehicle are combination lap and shoulder belts. The
front passenger and rear seat outboard safety belts
have two types of locking modes described below:
Vehicle sensitive mode
The vehicle sensitive mode is the normal retractor
mode, allowing free shoulder belt length adjustment
to your movements and locking in response to
vehicle movement. For example, if the driver brakes
suddenly or turns a corner sharply, or the vehicle
receives an impact of approximately 8 km/h (5 mph)
or more, the combination safety belts will lock to
help reduce forward movement of the driver and
passengers.
The seat belt system can also be made to lock
manually by quickly pulling on the shoulder belt.
Automatic locking mode
In this mode, the shoulder belt is automatically
pre-locked. The belt will still retract to remove any
slack in the shoulder belt.
The automatic locking mode is not available on the
driver safety belt.
When to use the automatic locking mode
• Anytime a child safety seat is installed in a
passenger front or outboard rear seating position
(if equipped). Children 12 years old and under
should be properly restrained in the rear seat
whenever possible. Refer to Safety Restraints for
Children or Safety Seats for Children later in
this chapter.
68
Seating and safety restraints
How to use the automatic locking mode
• Buckle the
combination lap and
shoulder belt.
• Grasp the shoulder
portion and pull
downward until the
entire belt is
extracted.
• Allow the belt to retract. As the belt retracts, you
will hear a clicking sound. This indicates the
safety belt is now in the automatic locking mode.
How to disengage the automatic locking mode
Disconnect the combination lap/shoulder belt and
allow it to retract completely to disengage the
automatic locking mode and activate the vehicle
sensitive (emergency) locking mode.
69
Seating and safety restraints
Safety belt extension assembly
If the safety belt assembly is too short, even when
fully extended, 20 cm (8 inches) can be added to
the safety belt assembly by adding a safety belt
extension assembly (part number 611C22). Safety
belt extension assemblies can be obtained from your
dealer at no cost.
Use only extensions manufactured by the same
supplier as the safety belt. Manufacturer
identification is located at the end of the webbing on
the label. Also, use the safety belt extension only if
the safety belt is too short for you when fully
extended. Do not use extensions to change the fit of
the shoulder belt across the torso.
Safety belt warning light and indicator
chime
The seat belt warning light illuminates in the
instrument cluster and a chime sounds to remind
the occupants to fasten their safety belts.
Conditions of operation
If...
The driver’s safety belt is not
buckled before the ignition
switch is turned to the ON
position...
The driver’s safety belt is
buckled while the indicator
light is illuminated and the
warning chime is sounding...
The driver’s safety belt is
buckled before the ignition
switch is turned to the ON
position...
70
Then...
The safety belt warning light
illuminates1-2 minutes and
the warning chime sounds
4-8 seconds.
The safety belt warning light
and warning chime turn off.
The safety belt warning light
will turn on for 3 seconds
and then turn off. The
indicator chime will remain
off.
Seating and safety restraints
Belt minder (if equipped)
The Belt Minder feature is a supplemental warning
to the safety belt warning function. This feature
provides additional reminders to the driver that the
driver’s safety belt is unbuckled by intermittently
sounding a chime and illuminating the safety belt
warning lamp in the instrument cluster.
If...
The driver’s safety belt is not
buckled approximately 5
seconds after the safety belt
warning light has turned
off...
Then...
The Belt Minder feature is
activated - the safety belt
warning light illuminates and
the warning chime sounds
for 6 seconds every 30
seconds, repeating for
approximately 5 minutes or
until safety belt is buckled.
The Belt Minder feature will
The driver’s safety belt is
buckled while the safety belt not activate.
indicator light is illuminated
and the safety belt warning
chime is sounding...
The Belt Minder feature will
The driver’s safety belt is
not activate.
buckled before the ignition
switch is turned to the ON
position...
The purpose of the Belt Minder is to remind
occasional wearers to wear safety belts all of the
time.
71
Seating and safety restraints
The following are reasons most often given for not
wearing safety belts: (All statistics based on U.S.
data)
Reasons
given...
9Crashes are
rare events9
Consider...
36 700 crashes occur every day. The
more we drive, the more we are exposed
to 9rare9 events, even for good drivers. 1
in 4 of us will be seriously injured in a
crash during our lifetime.
9I’m not going 3 of 4 fatal crashes occur within 25
far9
miles of home.
9Belts are
Ford designs its safety belts to enhance
uncomfortable9 comfort. If you are uncomfortable - try
different positions for the safety belt
upper anchorage and seatback which
should be as upright as possible; this
can improve comfort.
9I was in a
Prime time for an accident. Belt
hurry9
Minder reminds us to take a few
seconds to buckle up.
9Seat belts
Safety belts, when used properly,
don’t work9
reduce risk of death to front seat
occupants by 45% in cars, and by 60%
in light trucks.
9Traffic is
Nearly 1 of 2 deaths occur in
light9
single-vehicle crashes, many when no
other vehicles are around.
9Belts wrinkle Possibly, but a serious crash can do
my clothes9
much more than wrinkle your clothes,
particularly if you are unbelted.
9The people
Set the example, teen deaths occur 4
I’m with don’t times more often in vehicles with TWO or
wear belts9
MORE people. Children and younger
brothers/sisters imitate behavior they see.
9I have an air Air bags offer greater protection when
bag9
used with safety belts. Frontal airbags
are not designed to inflate in rear and
side crashes or rollovers.
9I’d rather be Not a good idea, people who are
thrown clear9 ejected are 40 times more likely to
DIE. Safety belts help prevent ejection,
WE CAN’T 9PICK OUR CRASH9.
72
Seating and safety restraints
Do not sit on top of a buckled safety belt to
avoid the Belt Minder chime. Sitting on the
safety belt will increase risk of injury in an
accident. To disable (one-time) or deactivate the
Belt Minder feature please follow the directions
stated below.
One time disable
Anytime the safety belt is buckled and then
unbuckled during an ignition ON cycle, Belt Minder
will be disabled for that ignition cycle only.
Deactivating/activating the belt minder feature
Read steps 1 - 9 thoroughly before proceeding
with the deactivation/activation programming
procedure.
The Belt Minder feature can be deactivated/activated
by performing the following procedure:
Before following the procedure, make sure that:
• the parking brake is set
• the gearshift is in P (Park) (automatic
transmission) or the neutral position (manual
transmission).
• the ignition switch is in the OFF position
• all vehicle doors are closed
• the driver’s safety belt is unbuckled
• the parklamps/headlamps are in OFF position (If
vehicle is equipped with Autolamps, this will not
affect the procedure.)
To reduce the risk of injury, do not
deactivate/activate the Belt Minder feature
while driving the vehicle.
1. Turn the ignition switch to the RUN (or ON)
position. (DO NOT START THE ENGINE)
73
Seating and safety restraints
2. Wait until the safety belt warning light turns off.
(Approximately 1–2 minutes)
• Steps 3–5 must be completed within 60 seconds
or the procedure will have to be repeated.
3. Buckle then unbuckle the safety belt three times,
ending with the safety belt unbuckled. This can be
done before or during Belt Minder warning
activation.
4. Turn on the parklamps/headlamps, turn off the
parklamps/headlamps.
5. Buckle then unbuckle the safety belt three times,
ending with the safety belt unbuckled.
• After step 5 the safety belt warning light will be
turned on for three seconds.
6. Within seven seconds of the safety belt warning
light turning off, buckle then unbuckle the safety
belt.
• This will disable Belt Minder if it is currently
enabled, or enable Belt Minder if it is currently
disabled.
7. Confirmation of disabling Belt Minder is provided
by flashing the safety belt warning light four times
per second for three seconds.
8. Confirmation of enabling Belt Minder is provided
by flashing the safety belt warning light four times
per second for three seconds, followed by three
seconds with the safety belt warning light off, then
followed by flashing the safety belt warning light
four times per second for three seconds again.
9. After receiving confirmation, the
deactivation/activation procedure is complete.
Safety belt maintenance
Inspect the safety belt systems periodically to make
sure they work properly and are not damaged.
Inspect the safety belts to make sure there are no
nicks, wears or cuts, replacing if necessary. All
safety belt assemblies, including retractors, buckles,
74
Seating and safety restraints
front seat belt buckle assemblies, buckle support
assemblies (slide bar-if equipped), shoulder belt
height adjusters (if equipped), shoulder belt guide
on seatback (if equipped), child safety seat tether
bracket assemblies (if equipped), and attaching
hardware, should be inspected after a collision. Ford
recommends that all safety belt assemblies used in
vehicles involved in a collision be replaced. However,
if the collision was minor and a qualified technician
finds that the belts do not show damage and
continue to operate properly, they do not need to be
replaced. Safety belt assemblies not in use during a
collision should also be inspected and replaced if
either damage or improper operation is noted.
Failure to inspect and if necessary replace
the safety belt assembly under the above
conditions could result in severe personal injuries
in the event of a collision.
Refer to Cleaning and maintaining the safety
belts in the Maintenance and care section.
AIR BAG SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT SYSTEM
(SRS)
Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing and
diagnostic module which records information about
the air bag and sensor systems. In the event of a
collision this module may save information related to
the collision including information about the air bag
system and impact severity. This information will
assist Ford in the servicing of your vehicle and may
help Ford better understand real world collisions
and further improve the safety of future vehicles.
75
Seating and safety restraints
Important supplemental restraint system (SRS)
precautions
The supplemental
restraint system is
designed to work with
the safety belt to help
protect the driver and
right front passenger
from certain upper body
injuries.
Air bags DO NOT inflate
slowly or gently and the
risk of injury from a deploying air bag is greatest
close to the trim covering the air bag module.
All occupants of the vehicle, including the
driver, should always properly wear their
safety belts, even when an air bag SRS is provided.
Always transport children 12 years old and
under in the back seat and always properly
use appropriate child restraints.
National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA) recommends a
minimum distance of at least 25 cm (10 inches)
between an occupant’s chest and the driver air bag
module.
Never place your arm over the air bag
module as a deploying air bag can result in
serious arm fractures or other injuries.
Steps you can take to properly position yourself
away from the air bag:
• Move your seat to the rear as far as you can while
still reaching the pedals comfortably.
76
Seating and safety restraints
• Recline the seat slightly (one or two degrees)
from the upright position.
Do not put anything on or over the air bag
module. Placing objects on or over the air
bag inflation area may cause those objects to be
propelled by the air bag into your face and torso
causing serious injury.
Do not attempt to service, repair, or modify
the Air Bag Supplemental Restraint System
or its fuses. See your Ford or Lincoln-Mercury
dealer.
Modifications to the front end of the vehicle,
including frame, bumper, front end body
structure and tow hooks may effect the
performance of the air bag sensors increasing the
risk of injury. Do not modify the front end of the
vehicle.
Children and air bags
For additional
important safety
information, read all
information on safety
restraints in this guide.
Children must always
be properly restrained.
Accident statistics
suggest that children
are safer when
properly restrained in
the rear seating
positions than in the front seating position. Failure
to follow these instructions may increase the risk of
injury in a collision.
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Seating and safety restraints
Air bags can kill or injure a child in a child
seat. NEVER place a rear-facing child seat
in front of an active air bag. If you must use a
forward-facing child seat in the front seat, move
the seat all the way back.
How does the air bag supplemental restraint
system work?
The air bag SRS is
designed to activate
when the vehicle
sustains longitudinal
deceleration sufficient
to cause the sensors to
close an electrical
circuit that initiates air
bag inflation.
The fact that the air bags did not inflate in a
collision does not mean that something is wrong
with the system. Rather, it means the forces were
not of the type sufficient to cause activation. Air
bags are designed to inflate in frontal and
near-frontal collisions, not rollover, side-impact, or
rear-impacts unless the collision causes sufficient
longitudinal deceleration.
The air bags inflate and
deflate rapidly upon
activation. After air bag
deployment, it is
normal to notice a
smoke-like, powdery
residue or smell the
burnt propellant. This
may consist of
cornstarch, talcum
powder (to lubricate
the bag) or sodium
compounds (e.g., baking soda) that result from the
combustion process that inflates the air bag. Small
78
Seating and safety restraints
amounts of sodium hydroxide may be present which
may irritate the skin and eyes, but none of the
residue is toxic.
While the system is designed to help reduce serious
injuries, contact with a deploying air bag may also
cause abrasions, swelling or temporary hearing loss.
Because air bags must inflate rapidly and with
considerable force, there is the risk of death or
serious injuries such as fractures, facial and eye
injuries or internal injuries, particularly to occupants
who are not properly restrained or are otherwise out
of position at the time of air bag deployment. Thus,
it is extremely important that occupants be properly
restrained as far away from the air bag module as
possible while maintaining vehicle control.
Several air bag system components get hot
after inflation. Do not touch them after
inflation.
If the air bag is deployed, the air bag will
not function again and must be replaced
immediately. If the air bag is not replaced, the
unrepaired area will increase the risk of injury in a
collision.
The SRS consists of:
• driver and passenger air bag modules (which
include the inflators and air bags),
• one or more impact and safing sensors,
• a readiness light and tone
• diagnostic module
• and the electrical wiring which connects the
components.
The diagnostic module monitors its own internal
circuits and the supplemental air bag electrical
system warning (including the impact sensors), the
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Seating and safety restraints
system wiring, the air bag system readiness light, the
air bag back up power and the air bag ignitors.
Determining if the system is operational
The SRS uses a readiness light in the instrument
cluster or a tone to indicate the condition of the
system. Refer to the Air bag readiness section in
the Instrumentation chapter. Routine maintenance
of the air bag is not required.
A difficulty with the system is indicated by one or
more of the following:
• The readiness light
AIR
will either flash or
BAG
stay lit.
• The readiness light will not illuminate immediately
after ignition is turned on.
• A series of five beeps will be heard. The tone
pattern will repeat periodically until the problem
and light are repaired.
If any of these things happen, even intermittently,
have the SRS serviced at your dealership or by a
qualified technician immediately. Unless serviced,
the system may not function properly in the event of
a collision.
Disposal of air bags and air bag equipped
vehicles (including pretensioners)
For disposal of air bags or air bag equipped vehicles,
see your local dealership or qualified technician. Air
bags MUST BE disposed of by qualified personnel.
SAFETY RESTRAINTS FOR CHILDREN
See the following sections for directions on how to
properly use safety restraints for children. Also see
Air Bag Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) in
this chapter for special instructions about using air
bags.
80
Seating and safety restraints
Important child restraint precautions
You are required by law to use safety restraints for
children in the U.S. and Canada. If small children
ride in your vehicle (generally children who are four
years old or younger and who weigh 18 kg [40 lbs]
or less), you must put them in safety seats made
especially for children. Check your local and state or
provincial laws for specific requirements regarding
the safety of children in your vehicle.
Never let a passenger hold a child on his or
her lap while the vehicle is moving. The
passenger cannot protect the child from injury in a
collision.
Always follow the instructions and warnings that
come with any infant or child restraint you might
use.
When possible, always place children under age 12
in the rear seat of your vehicle. Accident statistics
suggest that children are safer when properly
restrained in the rear seating positions than in the
front seating position.
Children and safety belts
If the child is the proper size, restrain the child in a
safety seat.
Children who are too large for child safety seats (as
specified by your child safety seat manufacturer)
should always wear safety belts.
Follow all the important safety restraint and air bag
precautions that apply to adult passengers in your
vehicle.
If the shoulder belt portion of a combination lap and
shoulder belt can be positioned so it does not cross
or rest in front of the child’s face or neck, the child
should wear the lap and shoulder belt. Moving the
child closer to the center of the vehicle may help
provide a good shoulder belt fit.
81
Seating and safety restraints
Do not leave children, unreliable adults, or
pets unattended in your vehicle.
To improve the fit of lap and shoulder belts on
children who have outgrown child safety seats, Ford
recommends use of a belt-positioning booster seat
that is labelled as conforming to all Federal motor
vehicle safety standards. Belt-positioning booster
seats raise the child and provide a shorter, firmer
seating cushion that encourages safer seating
posture and better fit of lap and shoulder belts on
the child.
A belt-positioning booster should be used if the
shoulder belt rests in front of the child’s face or
neck, or if the lap belt does not fit snugly on both
thighs, or if the thighs are too short to let the child
sit all the way back on the seat cushion when the
lower legs hang over the edge of the seat cushion.
You may wish to discuss the special needs of your
child with your pediatrician.
SAFETY SEATS FOR CHILDREN
82
Seating and safety restraints
Child and infant or child safety seats
Use a safety seat that is recommended for the size
and weight of the child. Carefully follow all of the
manufacturer’s instructions with the safety seat you
put in your vehicle. If you do not install and use the
safety seat properly, the child may be injured in a
sudden stop or collision.
When installing a child safety seat:
• Review and follow
the information
presented in the Air
Bag Supplemental
Restraint System
section in this
chapter.
• Use the correct
safety belt buckle for that seating position (the
buckle closest to the direction the tongue is
coming from).
• Insert the belt tongue into the proper buckle until
you hear a snap and feel it latch. Make sure the
tongue is securely fastened in the buckle.
• Keep the buckle release button pointing up and
away from the safety seat, with the tongue
between the child seat and the release button, to
prevent accidental unbuckling.
• Place seat back in upright position.
• Put the safety belt in the automatic locking mode.
Refer to Automatic locking mode (passenger
side front and outboard rear seating positions) (if
equipped).
Ford recommends the use of a child safety seat
having a top tether strap. Install the child safety seat
in a seating position which is capable of providing a
tether anchorage. For more information on top
tether straps, refer to Attaching safety seats with
tether straps.
83
Seating and safety restraints
Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s
instructions included with the safety seat
you put in your vehicle. If you do not install and
use the safety seat properly, the child may be
injured in a sudden stop or collision.
Installing child safety seats in combination lap
and shoulder belt seating positions
If you must use a
forward facing child
seat in the front seat
(reminder - children 12
years old and under
should always be
properly restrained in
the rear seat) the
shoulder belt must
be routed through
the belt holder at
the top of the
seatback, refer to
Safety Restraints
earlier in this chapter
for routing through the belt holder.
1. Position the child
safety seat in a seat
with a combination lap
and shoulder belt.
An air bag can kill or injure a child in a child
seat. If you must use a forward-facing child
seat in the front seat, move seat all the way back.
84
Seating and safety restraints
Children 12 and under should be properly
restrained in the rear seat whenever
possible.
2. Pull down on the
shoulder belt and then
grasp the shoulder belt
and lap belt together.
3. While holding the
shoulder and lap belt
portions together, route
the tongue through the
child seat according to
the child seat
manufacturer’s
instructions. Be sure
the belt webbing is not
twisted.
4. Insert the belt
tongue into the proper
buckle (the buckle
closest to the direction
the tongue is coming
from) for that seating
position until you hear
a snap and feel the
latch engage. Make
sure the tongue is
latched securely by
pulling on it.
85
Seating and safety restraints
5. To put the retractor
in the automatic
locking mode, grasp
the shoulder portion of
the belt and pull
downward until all of
the belt is extracted
and a click is heard.
6. Allow the belt to retract. The belt will click as it
retracts to indicate it is in the automatic locking
mode.
7. Pull the lap belt
portion across the child
seat toward the buckle
and pull up on the
shoulder belt while
pushing down with
your knee on the child
seat.
8. Allow the safety belt
to retract to remove
any slack in the belt.
9. Before placing the
child in the seat,
forcibly tilt the seat
forward and back to
make sure the seat is
securely held in place.
10. Try to pull the belt out of the retractor to make
sure the retractor is in the automatic locking mode
(you should not be able to pull more belt out). If the
retractor is not locked, unbuckle the belt and repeat
steps two through nine.
Check to make sure the child seat is properly
secured before each use.
86
Seating and safety restraints
Attaching child safety seats with tether
straps
Most new forward-facing child safety seats include a
tether strap which goes over the back of the seat
and hooks to an anchoring point. Tether straps are
available as an accessory for many older safety seats.
Contact the manufacturer of your child seat for
information about ordering a tether strap.
The rear seats of your vehicle are equipped with
built-in tether strap anchors located behind the seats
as described below.
The tether anchors in your vehicle are either located
under a cover marked with the child tether anchor
symbol (shown with title) or are recessed bars on
the back side of the seatback.
The tether strap anchors in your vehicle are in the
following positions (shown from top view):
Attach the
tether strap
only to the
appropriate tether
anchor as shown.
The tether strap may
not work properly if
attached somewhere
other than the
correct tether
anchor.
1. Position the child safety seat on the passenger
seat cushion.
2. Route the child safety seat tether strap over the
back of the seat.
For vehicles with adjustable head restraints, route
the tether strap under the head restraint and
between the head restraint posts, otherwise route
the tether strap over the top of the seatback.
87
Seating and safety restraints
3. Locate the correct
anchor for the selected
seating position as
shown previously.
For Coupe only:
4. Open the tether
anchor covers.
5. Clip the tether strap
to the anchor as
shown.
For Convertible only:
The tether anchors on
the convertible are
located on the lower
backside of the
seatback.
4. Access tether
anchors located behind
the seatback and pull
away vinyl cover to
expose anchors.
88
Seating and safety restraints
5. Clip the tether strap
to the anchor as
shown.
If the tether strap is clipped incorrectly, the
child safety seat may not be retained properly
in the event of a collision.
6. Refer to the Installing child safety seats in
combination lap and shoulder belt seating
positions section of this chapter for further
instructions to secure the child safety seat.
7. Tighten the child safety seat tether strap
according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
If the safety seat is not anchored properly,
the risk of a child being injured in a collision
greatly increases.
89
Starting
PREPARING TO START YOUR VEHICLE
Engine starting is controlled by the powertrain
control system. This system meets all Canadian
Interference-Causing Equipment standard
requirements regulating the impulse electrical field
strength of radio noise.
When starting a fuel-injected engine, avoid pressing
the accelerator before or during starting. Only use
the accelerator when you have difficulty starting the
engine. For more information on starting the vehicle,
refer to Starting the engine in this chapter.
Extended idling at high engine speeds can
produce very high temperatures in the
engine and exhaust system, creating the risk of
fire or other damage.
Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in
dry grass or other dry ground cover. The
emission system heats up the engine compartment
and exhaust system, which can start a fire.
Do not start your vehicle in a closed garage
or in other enclosed areas. Exhaust fumes
can be toxic. Always open the garage door before
you start the engine. See Guarding against
exhaust fumes in this chapter for more
instructions.
If you smell exhaust fumes inside your
vehicle, have your dealer inspect your
vehicle immediately. Do not drive if you smell
exhaust fumes.
90
Starting
Important safety precautions
A computer system controls the engine’s idle
revolutions per minute (RPM). When the engine
starts, the idle RPM runs faster to warm the engine.
If the engine idle speed does not slow down
automatically, have the vehicle checked. Do not
allow the vehicle to idle for more than 10 minutes at
high engine RPM.
Before starting the vehicle:
1. Make sure all vehicle occupants have buckled
their safety belts. For more information on safety
belts and their proper usage, refer to the Seating
and safety restraints chapter.
2. Make sure the headlamps and vehicle accessories
are off.
If starting a vehicle with an automatic transmission:
• Make sure the
parking brake is set.
•
If
•
•
Make sure the gearshift is in P (Park).
starting a vehicle with a manual transmission:
Make sure the parking brake is set.
Push the clutch
pedal to the floor.
91
Starting
3. Turn the key to 4
4
(ON) without turning
3
the key to 5 (START).
5
If there is difficulty in
2
turning the key, firmly
rotate the steering
1
wheel left and right
until the key turns
freely. This condition may occur when:
• front wheels are turned
• front wheel is against the curb
• steering wheel is turned when getting in or out of
the vehicle
60
50
40
C
H
30
70 80 90
60
200
40
220
20
10
130
240
20
MPH
km/h
5
RPMX1000
2
6
0
8
1
L
7
H
140
150
SELECT/RESET
0 0 0 0 0 0 .0
FUEL DOOR
E
4
3
100
120 140
110
100
160
80
180 120
F
L
AIR THEFT
BAG
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
LOW
FUEL
O/D
OFF
ABS
H
BRAKE
!
P
Make sure the corresponding lights illuminate briefly.
If a light fails to illuminate, have the vehicle
serviced.
light
• If the driver’s safety belt is fastened, the
may not illuminate.
STARTING THE ENGINE
1. Turn the key to 5
(START) without
pressing the
accelerator pedal and
release as soon as the
engine starts. The key
will return to 4 (ON).
92
4
3
5
2
1
Starting
2. If the temperature is above –12°C (10°F) and the
engine does not start within five seconds on the first
try, turn the key to OFF, wait 10 seconds and try
again.
3. If the temperature is below -12° C (10° F) and
the engine does not start in 15 seconds on the first
try, turn the key OFF and wait 10 seconds and try
again. If the engine does not start in two attempts,
press the accelerator pedal all the way to floor and
hold. Turn the key to START position.
4. When the engine starts, release the key, then
release the accelerator pedal gradually as the engine
speeds up.
5. After idling for a few seconds, apply the brake
and release the parking brake.
Using the engine block heater (if equipped)
An engine block heater warms the engine coolant,
which improves starting, warms up the engine faster
and allows the heater-defroster system to respond
quickly. Use of an engine block heater is strongly
recommended if you live in a region where
temperatures reach -23°C (-10°F) or below.
For best results, plug the heater in at least three
hours before starting the vehicle. Using the heater
for longer than three hours will not harm the engine,
so the heater can be plugged in the night before
starting the vehicle.
To prevent electrical shock, do not use your
heater with ungrounded electrical systems
or two-pronged (cheater) adapters.
Guarding against exhaust fumes
Although odorless and colorless, carbon monoxide is
present in exhaust fumes. Take precautions to avoid
its dangerous effects.
93
Starting
If you ever smell exhaust fumes of any kind
inside your vehicle, have your dealer inspect
and fix your vehicle immediately. Do not drive if
you smell exhaust fumes. These fumes are harmful
and could kill you.
Have the exhaust and body ventilation systems
checked whenever:
• the vehicle is raised for service.
• the sound of the exhaust system changes.
• the vehicle has been damaged in a collision.
Engine exhaust, some of its constituents,
and certain vehicle components contain or
emit chemicals known to the State of California to
cause cancer, and birth defects or other
reproductive harm.
Important ventilating information
If the engine is idling while the vehicle is stopped in
an open area for long periods of time, open the
windows at least 2.5 cm (one inch).
Adjust the heating or air conditioning (if equipped)
to bring in fresh air.
Improve vehicle
ventilation by keeping
all air inlet vents clear
of snow, leaves and
other debris.
94
Driving
BRAKES
Your service brakes are self-adjusting. Refer to the
scheduled maintenance guide for scheduled
maintenance.
Occasional brake noise is normal and often does not
indicate a performance concern with the vehicle’s
brake system. In normal operation, automotive brake
systems may emit occasional or intermittent squeal
or groan noises when the brakes are applied. Such
noises are usually heard during the first few brake
applications in the morning; however, they may be
heard at any time while braking and can be
aggravated by environmental conditions such as
cold, heat, moisture, road dust, salt or mud. If a
“metal-to-metal,” “continuous grinding” or
“continuous squeal” sound is present while braking,
the brake linings may be worn-out and should be
inspected by a qualified service technician.
Anti-lock brake system (ABS)
On vehicles equipped with an anti-lock braking
system (ABS), a noise from the hydraulic pump
motor and pulsation in the pedal may be observed
during ABS braking events. Pedal pulsation coupled
with noise while braking under panic conditions or
on loose gravel, bumps, wet or snowy roads is
normal and indicates proper functioning of the
vehicle’s anti-lock brake system. The ABS performs a
self-check after you start the engine and begin to
drive away. A brief mechanical noise may be heard
during this test. This is normal. If a malfunction is
found, the ABS warning light will come on. If the
vehicle has continuous vibration or shudder in the
steering wheel while braking, the vehicle should be
inspected by a qualified service technician.
95
Driving
The ABS operates by
detecting the onset of
wheel lockup during
brake applications and
compensates for this
tendency. The wheels
are prevented from
locking even when the brakes are firmly applied. The
accompanying illustration depicts the advantage of
an ABS equipped vehicle (on bottom) to a non-ABS
equipped vehicle (on top) during hard braking with
loss of front braking traction.
ABS warning lamp ABS
The ABS warning lamp in the instrument cluster
momentarily illuminates when the ignition is turned
to the ON position. If the light does not illuminate
momentarily at start up, remains on or continues to
flash, the ABS needs to be serviced.
With the ABS light on,
BRAKE
the anti-lock brake
!
P
system is disabled and
normal braking is still
effective unless the brake warning light also remains
illuminated with parking brake released. (If your
brake warning lamp illuminates, have your vehicle
serviced immediately.)
Using ABS
• In an emergency or when maximum efficiency
from the ABS is required, apply continuous force
on the brake. The ABS will be activated
immediately, thus allowing you to retain full
steering control of your vehicle and, providing
there is sufficient space, will enable you to avoid
obstacles and bring the vehicle to a controlled
stop.
• The Anti-Lock system does not decrease the time
necessary to apply the brakes or always reduce
96
Driving
stopping distance. Always leave enough room
between your vehicle and the vehicle in front of
you to stop.
• We recommend that you familiarize yourself with
this braking technique. However, avoid taking any
unnecessary risks.
Hydraulic brake booster system (Hydroboost)
The Hydroboost system receives fluid pressure from
the power steering pump to provide power assist
during braking.
The sound of the pump operating may be heard by
the driver, but this is a normal characteristic of the
system.
For Hydroboost-equipped vehicles operating under
normal conditions, the noise of the fluid flowing
through the booster may be heard whenever the
brake is applied. This condition is normal. Vehicle
service is not required.
If braking performance or pedal response becomes
very poor, even when the pedal is strongly
depressed, it may indicate the presence of air in the
hydraulic system or leakage of fluid. Stop the vehicle
safely as soon as possible and seek service
immediately.
Parking brake
Apply the parking
brake whenever the
vehicle is parked. To
set the parking brake,
apply the brake pedal
and pull the parking
brake handle up as far
as possible.
The BRAKE warning
lamp in the instrument
cluster illuminates and
remains illuminated
BRAKE
!
P
97
Driving
(when the ignition is turned ON) until the parking
brake is released.
Always set the parking brake fully and make
sure that the gearshift is securely latched in
P (Park) (automatic transmission) or in 1 (First
Gear) (manual transmission).
The parking brake is not recommended to stop a
moving vehicle. However, if the normal brakes fail,
the parking brake can be used to stop your vehicle
in an emergency. Since the parking brake applies
only the rear brakes, the vehicle’s stopping distance
will increase greatly and the handling of your vehicle
will be adversely affected.
To release the parking
brake, the brake handle
may need to be pulled
up slightly to release
pressure before
pushing in the button.
Push the button on the
end of the parking
brake handle and push the handle down as far as
possible. Driving with the parking brake applied will
cause the brakes to wear out quickly and reduce fuel
economy.
TRACTION CONTROLY
Your vehicle may be equipped with the optional
Traction Controly system. This system helps you
maintain the stability and steerability of your
vehicle. It is especially useful on slippery road
surfaces. The system operates by detecting and
controlling wheel spin. The system borrows many of
the electronic and mechanical elements already
present in the anti-lock braking system (ABS).
Wheel-speed sensors allow excess rear wheel spin to
be detected by the Traction Controly portion of the
ABS computer. Any excessive wheel spin is
98
Driving
controlled by automatically applying and releasing
the rear brakes in conjunction with engine torque
reductions. Engine torque reduction is realized via
the fully electronic spark and fuel injection systems.
This process is very sensitive to driving conditions
and very fast acting. The rear wheels “search” for
optimum traction several times a second and
adjustments are made accordingly.
The Traction Controly system will allow your
vehicle to make better use of available traction on
slippery surfaces. The system is a driver aid which
makes your vehicle easier to handle primarily on
snow, ice covered and gravel roads.
During Traction
Controly operation,
the traction control
active light will
illuminate, you may hear an electric motor type of
sound coming from the engine compartment and the
engine will not “rev-up” when you push further on
the accelerator. This is normal system behavior.
The Traction Controly
on/off switch, located
TRAC
CTRL
in front of the
gearshift, illuminates
when the system is
OFF
OFF. The Traction
Controly system will
revert to the ON
position every time the ignition is turned OFF and
ON.
If you should become stuck in snow or ice or on a
very slippery road surface, try switching the Traction
Controly system off. This may allow excess wheel
spin to “dig” the vehicle out and enable a successful
“rocking” maneuver.
If a system fault is detected the OFF indicator lamp
on the traction control switch will be illuminated and
your vehicle should be serviced.
99
Driving
STEERING
Your vehicle is equipped with power steering. Power
steering uses energy from the engine to help steer
the vehicle.
To prevent damage to the power steering pump:
• Never hold the steering wheel to the extreme
right or the extreme left for more than a few
seconds when the engine is running.
• Do not operate the vehicle with a low power
steering pump fluid level.
If the power steering system breaks down (or if the
engine is turned off), you can steer the vehicle
manually, but it takes more effort.
If the steering wanders or pulls, the condition could
be caused by any of the following:
• underinflated tire(s) on any wheel(s)
• high crown in center of road
• high crosswinds
• wheels out of alignment
• loose or worn components in steering linkage
AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION OPERATION
(IF EQUIPPED)
Brake-shift interlock
This vehicle is equipped with a brake-shift interlock
feature that prevents the gearshift lever from being
moved from P (Park) when the ignition is in the ON
position unless brake pedal is depressed.
If you cannot move the gearshift lever out of P
(Park) with ignition in the ON position and the
brake pedal depressed:
1. Apply the parking brake, turn ignition key to
LOCK, then remove the key.
2. Insert the key and turn it to OFF. Apply the brake
pedal and shift to N (Neutral).
3. Start the vehicle.
100
Driving
If it is necessary to use the above procedure to
move the gearshift lever, it is possible that a fuse
has blown or the vehicle’s brakelamps are not
operating properly. Refer to Fuses and relays in the
Roadside emergencies chapter.
Do not drive your vehicle until you verify
that the brakelamps are working.
If your vehicle gets stuck in mud or snow it may be
rocked out by shifting from forward and reverse
gears, stopping between shifts, in a steady pattern.
Press lightly on the accelerator in each gear.
Do not rock the vehicle if the engine is not at
normal operating temperature or damage to
the transmission may occur.
Do not rock the vehicle for more than a few
minutes or damage to the transmission and
tires may occur or the engine may overheat.
Always set the parking brake fully and make
sure the gearshift is latched in P (Park).
Turn off the ignition whenever you leave your
vehicle.
If the parking brake is fully released, but the
brake warning lamp remains illuminated, the
brakes may not be working properly. See your
dealer or a qualified service technician.
101
Driving
Driving with an automatic overdrive
transmission with console gearshift and O/D off
switch
Your automatic
overdrive transmission
provides fully
automatic operation in
either D (Overdrive) or
with the O/D OFF
switch depressed.
Driving with the
gearshift lever in D
(Overdrive) gives the
best fuel economy for
normal driving
conditions. For manual control, start in 1 (First) and
then shift manually.
Driving with a 4–speed automatic transmission
(if equipped)
Use the following
procedure to put your
vehicle in gear.
1. Start the engine.
2. Depress and hold
the brake pedal.
3. Push and hold the
thumb button.
4. Move gearshift lever
out of P (Park).
Hold the brake pedal down while you move
the gearshift lever from P (Park) to another
position. If you do not hold the brake pedal down,
your vehicle may move unexpectedly and injure
someone.
102
Driving
Understanding gearshift positions
P (Park)
Always come to a
complete stop before
shifting into P (Park).
Make sure the gearshift
lever is securely
latched in P (Park).
This position locks the
transmission and
prevents the rear
wheels from turning.
Always set the parking brake fully and make
sure the gearshift lever is latched in P
(Park). Turn off the ignition whenever you leave
your vehicle.
R (Reverse)
With the gearshift lever
in R (Reverse), the
vehicle will move
backward. Always come
to a complete stop
before shifting into and
out of R (Reverse).
N (Neutral)
With the gearshift lever
in N (Neutral), the
vehicle can be started
and is free to roll. Hold
the brake pedal down
while in this gear.
103
Driving
(Overdrive)
The normal driving
position for the best
fuel economy.
Transmission operates
in gears one through
four.
(Overdrive) can be
deactivated by pressing
the transmission
control switch on the
gearshift lever.
The transmission
O/D
control indicator light
OFF
(TCIL) will illuminate
on the instrument
cluster.
Drive – Not shown on the display. Activate by
pressing the transmission control switch on the end
of the gearshift lever with the gearshift in the
position. The O/D OFF indicator will illuminate on
the instrument cluster. Transmission operates in
gears one through three.
(Drive) provides more
engine braking than
(Overdrive) and is useful
when:
• driving with a heavy load.
• towing a trailer up or down steep hills.
• additional engine braking is desired. If towing a
trailer, refer to Driving while you tow in the
Trailer Towing chapter.
104
Driving
To return to
(Overdrive) mode, press the
transmission control switch. The O/D OFF indicator
will no longer be illuminated.
Each time the vehicle is started, the transmission
will automatically return to normal overdrive mode.
Every time the vehicle is shut off and restarted, you
must press the transmission control switch to cancel
overdrive operation if driving in overdrive is not
desired.
2 (Second)
Use 2 (Second) to
start-up on slippery
roads or to provide
additional engine
braking on downgrades.
Transmission operates
only in Second gear.
1 (First)
Use 1 (Low) to provide
maximum engine
braking on steep
downgrades. Upshifts
can be made by
shifting to 2 (Second)
(Overdrive).
or to
Selecting 1 (Low) at
higher speeds causes the transmission to shift to a
lower gear, and will shift to 1 (Low) after vehicle
decelerates to the proper speed.
Forced Downshifts
To gain acceleration in
(Overdrive) or Drive
(O/D OFF) when passing another vehicle, push the
accelerator to the floor. The transmission will
downshift to the appropriate gear: third, second or
first gear.
105
Driving
MANUAL TRANSMISSION OPERATION
(IF EQUIPPED)
Using the clutch
Vehicles equipped with a manual transmission have a
starter interlock that prevents cranking the engine
unless the clutch pedal is fully depressed.
When starting a vehicle with a manual transmission,
you must:
1. Make sure the
parking brake is fully
1 3 5
set.
2 4 R
2. Depress the clutch
pedal fully.
3. Put the gearshift
lever in N (Neutral).
4. Turn the ignition to
4
position 5 (START) to
3
start the engine, let the
5
engine idle for a few
2
seconds.
5. Depress the brake
1
pedal.
6. Release the parking
brake.
7. Move the gearshift
lever to the desired
gear.
8. Release the brake
pedal.
9. Slowly release the clutch pedal while slowly
pressing down on the accelerator pedal.
106
Driving
• Do not drive with your foot resting on the clutch
pedal and do not use the clutch to hold your
vehicle at a standstill while waiting on a hill.
These actions will greatly reduce clutch life.
Recommended shift speeds
Do not downshift into 1 (first) when your
vehicle is moving faster then 24 km/h (15 mph).
This will damage the clutch.
Upshift according to the following chart:
1
2
3
4
-
Upshifts when accelerating
(recommended for best fuel economy)
Shift from:
2
18 km/h (11 mph)
3
31 km/h (19 mph)
4
48 km/h (30 mph)
5
64 km/h (40 mph)
Parking your vehicle
1. Disengage the
clutch, apply brake
and shift into N
(Neutral).
1
3 5
2
4
R
2. Set parking brake.
3. Shift into 1 (First).
107
Driving
4. Turn the ignition key
to position 3 (OFF).
4
3
5
2
1
Do not park your vehicle in Neutral, it may
move unexpectedly and injure someone. Use
1 (First) gear and set the parking brake fully.
Reverse
You must be at a complete stop to shift into R
(Reverse). You can shift into R (Reverse) only by
moving the gearshift lever to the right of 5 (Fifth)
gear before you shift into R (Reverse). This is a
feature that protects you from accidentally shifting
into R (Reverse) when you downshift from 5 (Fifth).
Make sure that your vehicle is at a complete
stop before you shift into R (Reverse). Failure
to do so may damage the transmission.
To shift into R
(Reverse):
1 3 5
1. Bring your vehicle to
2 4 R
a complete stop.
2. Hold the brake pedal
down.
3. Hold the clutch
pedal down.
4. Move the gearshift
lever all the way to the
right and pull it back
into R ( Reverse).
5. Release the brake
pedal.
6. Slowly release the clutch pedal.
108
Driving
If R (Reverse) is not engaged, push the clutch
pedal down and put the gearshift back into
Neutral. Then, release the clutch pedal for a
moment and repeat steps 3 through 6.
Removing key from ignition
• Turn the ignition key
to position 3 (OFF).
• Push the release
lever forward and
rotate the key
towards you and
remove.
TRACTION-LOK AXLE (IF EQUIPPED)
This axle provides added traction on slippery
surfaces, particularly when one wheel is on a poor
traction surface. Under normal conditions, the
Traction-Lok axle functions like a standard rear axle.
Extended use of other than the manufacturer’s
specified size tires on a Traction-Lok rear axle could
result in a permanent reduction in effectiveness.
This loss of effectiveness does not affect normal
driving and should not be noticeable to the driver.
To avoid injury, never run the engine with
one wheel off the ground, such as when
changing a tire.
VEHICLE LOADING
Before loading a vehicle, familiarize yourself with the
following terms:
• Base Curb Weight: Weight of the vehicle
including any standard equipment, fluids,
lubricants, etc. It does not include passengers or
aftermarket equipment.
109
Driving
• Payload: Combined maximum allowable weight of
cargo, passengers and optional equipment. The
payload equals the gross vehicle weight rating
minus base curb weight.
• GVW (Gross Vehicle Weight): Base curb weight
plus payload weight. The GVW is not a limit or a
specification.
• GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating):
Maximum total weight of the base vehicle,
passengers, optional equipment and cargo. The
GVWR is specific to each vehicle and is listed on
the Safety Compliance Label on the driver’s door
pillar.
• GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating): Carrying
capacity for each axle system. The GAWR is
specific to each vehicle and is listed on the Safety
Compliance Label on the driver’s door pillar.
• GCW (Gross Combined Weight): The
combined weight of the towing vehicle (including
passengers and cargo) and the trailer.
• GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating):
Maximum combined weight of towing vehicle
(including passengers and cargo) and the trailer.
The GCWR indicates the maximum loaded weight
that the vehicle is designed to tow.
• Maximum Trailer Weight Rating: Maximum
weight of a trailer the vehicle is permitted to tow.
The maximum trailer weight rating is determined
by subtracting the vehicle curb weight for each
engine/transmission combination, any required
option weight for trailer towing and the weight of
the driver from the GCWR for the towing vehicle.
• Maximum Trailer Weight: Maximum weight of a
trailer the loaded vehicle (including passengers
and cargo) is permitted to tow. It is determined
by subtracting the weight of the loaded trailer
towing vehicle from the GCWR for the towing
vehicle.
110
Driving
• Trailer Weight Range: Specified weight range
that the trailer must fall within that ranges from
zero to the maximum trailer weight rating.
Remember to figure in the tongue load of your
loaded trailer when figuring the total weight.
Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR
specified on the certification label.
Do not use replacement tires with lower load
carrying capacities than the originals because they
may lower the vehicle’s GVWR and GAWR
limitations. Replacement tires with a higher limit
than the originals do not increase the GVWR and
GAWR limitations.
The Certification Label, found on the inside pillar of
the driver’s door, lists several important vehicle
weight rating limitations. Before adding any
additional equipment, refer to these limitations. If
you are adding weight to the front of your vehicle,
(potentially including weight added to the cab), the
weight added should not exceed the front axle
reserve capacity (FARC). Additional frontal weight
may be added to the front axle reserve capacity
provided you limit your payload in other ways (i.e.
restrict the number of passengers or amount of
cargo carried).
You may add equipment throughout your vehicle if the
total weight added is equal to or less than the total
axle reserve capacity (TARC) weight. You should
NEVER exceed the total axle reserve capacity.
Always ensure that the weight of passengers, cargo
and equipment being carried is within the weight
limitations that have been established for your
vehicle including both gross vehicle weight and
Front and rear gross axle weight rating limits. Under
no circumstance should these limitations be
exceeded. Exceeding any vehicle weight rating
limitation could result in serious damage to the
vehicle and/or personal injury.
111
Driving
TRAILER TOWING
Your vehicle is capable of towing a trailer up to 454
kg (1 000 lbs.) gross trailer weight with a maximum
tongue load of 45 kg (100 lbs.). Do not tow a trailer
until your vehicle has been driven at least 800 km
(500 miles).
Towing a trailer places an additional load on your
vehicle’s engine, transmission, axles, brakes, tires
and suspension. Inspect these components carefully
after towing.
Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR
specified on the certification label.
Towing trailers beyond the maximum
recommended gross trailer weight could
result in engine damage, transmission/axle damage,
structural damage, loss of control, and personal
injury.
Preparing to tow
Use the proper equipment for towing a trailer, and
make sure it is properly attached to your vehicle.
See your dealer or a reliable trailer dealer if you
require assistance.
Safety chains
Always connect the trailer’s safety chains to the
frame or hook retainers of the vehicle. To connect
the trailer’s safety chains, cross the chains under the
trailer tongue and allow slack for turning corners.
If you use a rental trailer, follow the instructions that
the rental agency gives to you.
Do not attach safety chains to the bumper.
Trailer brakes
Electric brakes and manual, automatic or surge-type
trailer brakes are safe if installed properly and
112
Driving
adjusted to the manufacturer’s specifications. The
trailer brakes must meet local and Federal
regulations.
Do not connect a trailer’s hydraulic brake
system directly to your vehicle’s brake
system. Your vehicle may not have enough braking
power and your chances of having a collision
greatly increase.
The braking system of the tow vehicle is rated for
operation at the GVWR not GCWR.
Trailer lamps
Trailer lamps are required on most towed vehicles.
Make sure your trailer lamps conform to local and
Federal regulations. See your dealer or trailer rental
agency for proper instructions and equipment for
hooking up trailer lamps.
Driving while you tow
When towing a trailer:
• Ensure that you turn off your speed control. The
speed control may shut off automatically when
you are towing on long, steep grades.
• Consult your local motor vehicle speed regulations
for towing a trailer.
• Use a lower gear when towing up or down steep
hills. This will eliminate excessive downshifting
and upshifting for optimum fuel economy and
transmission cooling.
• Anticipate stops and brake gradually.
Exceeding the GCWR rating may cause internal
transmission damage and void your warranty
coverage.
Servicing after towing
If you tow a trailer for long distances, your vehicle
will require more frequent service intervals. Refer to
113
Driving
your Scheduled Maintenance guide for more
information.
Trailer towing tips
• Practice turning, stopping and backing up in an
area before starting on a trip to get the feel of the
vehicle trailer combination. When turning, make
wider turns so the trailer wheels will clear curbs
and other obstacles.
• Allow more distance for stopping with a trailer
attached.
• The trailer tongue weight should be 10% of the
loaded trailer weight.
• After you have traveled 80 km (50 miles),
thoroughly check your hitch, electrical
connections and trailer wheel lug nuts.
• When stopped in traffic for long periods of time in
hot weather, place the gearshift in P (Park) and
increase idle speed. This aids engine cooling and
air conditioner efficiency.
• Vehicles with trailers should not be parked on a
grade. If you must park on a grade, place wheel
chocks under the trailer’s wheels.
Recreational towing (all wheels on the ground)
Follow these guidelines for your specific powertrain
combination to tow your vehicle with all four wheels
on the ground (such as behind a recreational
vehicle).
These guidelines are designed to ensure that your
transmission is not damaged due to insufficient
lubrication.
All Rear Wheel Drive (RWD) vehicles
This applies to all cars and 4x2 trucks/sport utilities
with rear wheel drive capability.
An example of recreational towing is towing your
vehicle behind a Motorhome. The following
recreational towing guidelines are designed to
114
Driving
ensure that your transmission is not damaged.
• Place the transmission in N (Neutral).
• Maximum speed is 56 km/h (35 mph).
• Maximum distance is 80 km (50 miles).
If a distance of 80 km (50 miles) or a speed of 56
km/h (35 mph) must be exceeded, you must
disconnect the driveshaft. Ford recommends the
driveshaft be removed/installed only by a qualified
technician. See your local dealer for driveshaft
removal/installation.
Improper removal/installation of the driveshaft
can cause transmission fluid loss, damage to
the driveshaft and internal transmission
components.
DRIVING THROUGH WATER
Do not drive quickly through standing water,
especially if the depth is unknown. Traction or brake
capability may be limited and if the ignition system
gets wet, your engine may stall. Water may also
enter your engine’s air intake and severely damage
your engine.
If driving through deep or standing water is
unavoidable, proceed very slowly. Never drive
through water that is higher than the bottom of the
hubs (for trucks) or the bottom of the wheel rims
(for cars).
Once through the water, always try the brakes. Wet
brakes do not stop the vehicle as effectively as dry
brakes. Drying can be improved by moving your
vehicle slowly while applying light pressure on the
brake pedal.
Driving through deep water where the
transmission vent tube is submerged may allow
water into the transmission and cause internal
transmission damage.
115
Roadside emergencies
GETTING ROADSIDE ASSISTANCE
To fully assist you should you have a vehicle
concern, Ford offers a complimentary roadside
assistance program. This program is separate from
the New Vehicle Limited Warranty. The service is
available:
• 24–hours, seven days a week
• for the Basic warranty period (Canada) or New
Vehicle Limited Warranty period (U.S.) of three
years or 60,000 km (36,000 miles), whichever
comes first on Ford and Mercury vehicles, and
four years or 80,000 km (50,000 miles) on Lincoln
vehicles
Roadside assistance will cover:
• changing a flat tire
• jump-starts
• lock-out assistance
• fuel delivery
• towing of your disabled vehicle to the nearest
Ford dealership, or your selling dealer if within 25
kms (15.5 miles) of the nearest Ford Dealership
(one tow per disablement). Even non-warranty
related tows, like accidents or getting stuck in the
mud or snow, are covered (some exclusions apply,
such as impound towing or repossession).
Using roadside assistance
Complete the roadside assistance identification card
and place it in your wallet for quick reference. In the
United States, this card is found in the Owner Guide
portfolio in the glove compartment in Ford vehicles
and is mailed to you if you own a Mercury or
Lincoln. In Canada, it is found in the Roadside
Assistance book in the glove compartment.
To receive roadside assistance in the United States
for Ford or Mercury vehicles, call 1-800-241-3673 or
if you own a Lincoln vehicle, call 1–800–521–4140.
In Canada call 1–800–665–2006.
116
Roadside emergencies
Should you need to arrange roadside assistance for
yourself, Ford will reimburse a reasonable amount.
To obtain information about reimbursement, call
1-800-241-3673 in the United States for Ford or
Mercury vehicles; or if you own a Lincoln vehicle,
call 1–800–521–4140. Call 1–800–665–2006 in
Canada.
Roadside coverage beyond basic warranty
In the United States, you may purchase additional
roadside assistance coverage beyond this period
through the Ford Auto Club by contacting your Ford
or Lincoln Mercury dealer.
Similarly in Canada, you may purchase additional
coverage beyond the basic coverage period by
consulting the Ford Roadside Assistance Club
brochure or by calling 1–877–294–CLUB
(1–877–894–2582).
HAZARD FLASHER
Use only in an emergency to warn traffic of vehicle
breakdown, approaching danger, etc. The hazard
flashers can be operated when the ignition is off.
• The hazard lights
control is located on
top of the steering
column.
• Depress hazard
lights control to
activate all hazard
flashers
simultaneously.
• Depress control again to turn the flashers off.
RESETTING THE FUEL PUMP SHUT-OFF
SWITCH
The fuel pump shut-off switch is a device intended
to stop the electric fuel pump when your vehicle has
been involved in a substantial jolt.
117
Roadside emergencies
After a collision, if the engine cranks but does not
start, the fuel pump shut-off switch may have been
activated.
The fuel pump shut-off
switch is located on
the left side of the
trunk behind the trunk
liner.
Use the following procedure to reset the fuel pump
shut-off switch.
1. Turn the ignition to the OFF position.
2. Check the fuel system for leaks.
3. If no fuel leak is apparent, reset the fuel pump
shut-off switch by pushing in on the reset button.
4. Turn the ignition to the ON position. Pause for a
few seconds and return the key to the OFF position.
5. Make a further check for leaks in the fuel system.
FUSES AND RELAYS
Fuses
If electrical
components in the
vehicle are not
15
working, a fuse may
have blown. Blown
fuses are identified by a broken wire within the fuse.
118
Roadside emergencies
Check the appropriate fuses before replacing any
electrical components.
Always replace a fuse with one that has the
specified amperage rating. Using a fuse with
a higher amperage rating can cause severe wire
damage and could start a fire.
Standard fuse amperage rating and color
COLOR
Fuse
Rating
Mini
Fuses
Standard
Fuses
Maxi
Fuses
2A
3A
4A
5A
7.5A
10A
15A
20A
25A
30A
40A
50A
60A
70A
80A
Grey
Violet
Pink
Tan
Brown
Red
Blue
Yellow
Natural
Green
—
—
—
—
—
Grey
Violet
Pink
Tan
Brown
Red
Blue
Yellow
Natural
Green
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Yellow
—
Green
Orange
Red
Blue
Tan
Natural
Cartridge
Fuse
Maxi
Link
Fuses Cartridge
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Blue
—
Pink
Green
Red
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Blue
—
Pink
Green
Red
Yellow
Brown
Black
Passenger compartment fuse panel
The fuse panel is located below and to the left of
the steering wheel by the brake pedal. Remove the
panel cover to access the fuses.
To remove a fuse use the fuse puller tool provided
on the fuse panel cover.
119
1
2
3
4
5
7
8
9
10
11
OWNERS
MANUAL
FOR
FUSE
INFO
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
44
43
6
SEE
42
Roadside emergencies
The fuses are coded as follows:
Fuse/Relay Fuse Amp
Location
Rating
1
20A
2
20A
3
—
4
10A
5
15A
120
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
20A
15A
20A
—
10A
15A
—
15A
—
15A
—
15A
18
15A
Passenger Compartment
Fuse Panel Description
Cigar Lighter
Engine Controls
Not Used
RH Low Beam Headlamp
Instrument Cluster, Traction
Control Switch
Starter Motor Relay
GEM, Interior Lamps
Engine C ontrols
Not Used
LH Low Beam Headlamp
Back-Up Lamps
Not Used
Electronic Flasher
Not Used
Power Lumbar
Not Used
Speed Control Servo, Shift Lock
Actuator
Electronic Flasher
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay Fuse Amp
Passenger Compartment
Location
Rating
Fuse Panel Description
19
15A
Power Mirror Switch, GEM,
Anti-Theft Relay, Power Door
Locks, Door Ajar Switches
20
15A
Convertible Top Switch
21
5A
Instrument Cluster and Engine
Control Memory
22
—
Not Used
23
15A
A/C Clutch, Defogger Switch
24
30A
Climate Control Blower Motor
25
25A
Luggage Compartment Lid
Release
26
30A
Wiper/Washer Motor, Wiper
Relays
27
25A
Radio
28
15A
GEM, Overdrive Cancel Switch
29
15A
ABS Module
30
15A
DRL Module
31
10A
Data Link Connector
32
15A
Radio, CD Player, GEM
33
15A
Stop Lamp Switch, Speed Control
Deactivation Switch
34
20A
Instrument Cluster, CCRM, Data
Link Connector, Securilock
Transceiver Module
35
15A
Shift Lock Actuator, PCM, Speed
Control Servo, ABS Module
36
15A
Airbag Control Module
37
10A
Adjustable Illumination
38
20A
Highbeams
39
5A
GEM
40
—
Not Used
41
15A
Brake Lamp
42
—
Not Used
43
20A CB
Power Windows
44
—
Not Used
121
Roadside emergencies
Power distribution box
The power distribution box is located in the engine
compartment. The power distribution box contains
high-current fuses that protect your vehicle’s main
electrical systems from overloads.
Always disconnect the battery before
servicing high current fuses.
Always replace the cover to the Power
Distribution Box before reconnecting the
battery or refilling fluid reservoirs.
14
MINI
13
MINI
15 16
MINI MINI
17 18
MINI MINI
21
22
MINI MINI
19
20
MINI MINI
25
MAXI
23
24
MINI MINI
26
MAXI
27
MAXI
28
CB
12
MAXI
11
MAXI
10
MAXI
9
MAXI
8
MAXI
7
MAXI
6
MAXI
5
MAXI
4
MAXI
3
MAXI
2
MAXI
1
MAXI
29
DIODE
If the battery has been disconnected and
reconnected, refer to the Battery section of the
Maintenance and care chapter.
1
RELAY
2
RELAY
3
RELAY
4
RELAY
CONSULTER LA GUIDE
5
RELAY
SEE OWNERS MANUAL
122
Roadside emergencies
The high-current fuses are coded as follows.
Fuse/Relay Fuse Amp
Location
Rating
Relay 1
—
Relay 2
—
Relay 3
—
Relay 4
—
Relay 5
—
1
50A**
(4.6L),
30A CB
(3.8L)
2
30A**
3
40A**
4
5
6
7
40A**
40A**
40A**
30A**
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
50A**
20A**
30A**
30A**
40A**
—
20A*
10A*
20A*
20A*
30A*
—
20A*
—
—
—
20A*
Power Distribution Box
Description
Fog Lamp Interrupt
Int. Wiper
Wiper HI/LO
Starter
Fog Lamps
Electric Cooling Fan Motor
Headlamps
Starter Motor Relay, Ignition
Switch
Ignition Switch
Ignition Switch
Instrument Cluster, PCM
Secondary Air Injection (3.8L
only)
ABS Module
Auxiliary Power Point
Parklamps
Rear Window Defrost Control
Power Windows, Power Locks
Not Used
Fuel Pump
Radio
Horn
Anti-Lock Brake System
Power Seats
Not Used
Generator
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
A/C Pressure (3.8L only)
123
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay Fuse Amp
Power Distribution Box
Location
Rating
Description
25
—
Not Used
26
30A**
PCM
27
20A**
DRL Module, Foglamp Relay
28
25A CB
Convertible Top
* Mini Fuses ** Maxi Fuses
CHANGING THE TIRES
If you get a flat tire while driving, do not apply the
brake heavily. Instead, gradually decrease your
speed. Hold the steering wheel firmly and slowly
move to a safe place on the side of the road.
Temporary spare tire information
Your vehicle may have a temporary spare tire. The
temporary spare tire for your vehicle is labeled as
such. It is smaller than a regular tire and is designed
for emergency use only. Replace this tire with a
full-size tire as soon as possible.
If you use the temporary spare tire
continuously or do not follow these
precautions, the tire could fail, causing you to lose
control of the vehicle, possibly injuring yourself or
others.
When driving with the temporary spare tire do not:
• exceed 80 km/h (50 mph) under any
circumstances
• load the vehicle beyond maximum vehicle load
rating listed on the Safety Compliance Label
• tow a trailer
• use tire chains
• drive through an automatic car wash, because of
the vehicle’s reduced ground clearance
124
Roadside emergencies
• try to repair the temporary spare tire or remove it
from its wheel
• use the wheel for any other type of vehicle
Tire change procedure
To prevent the vehicle from moving when
you change a tire, be sure the parking brake
is set, then block (in both directions) the wheel
that is diagonally opposite (other side and end of
the vehicle) to the tire being changed.
If the vehicle slips off the jack, you or
someone else could be seriously injured.
1. Park on a level
surface, activate hazard
flashers and set
parking brake.
2. Place gearshift lever
in P (Park) or R (manual transmission), turn engine
OFF, and block the diagonally opposite wheel.
3. Remove the spare
tire, jack and lug
wrench.
125
Roadside emergencies
4. Loosen each wheel
lug nut one-half turn
counterclockwise but
do not remove them
until the wheel is
raised off the ground.
5. Put the jack in the
jack notch next to the
tire you are changing.
Turn the jack handle
clockwise until the
wheel is completely off
the ground.
Never use the rear
differential as a
jacking point.
To lessen the risk of personal injury, do not
put any part of your body under the vehicle
while changing a tire. Do not start the engine
when your vehicle is on the jack. The jack is only
meant for changing the tire.
6. Remove the lug nuts with the lug wrench.
7. Replace the flat tire with the spare tire, making
sure the valve stem is facing outward. Reinstall lug
nuts until the wheel is snug against the hub. Do not
fully tighten the lug nuts until the wheel has been
lowered.
If you are using the temporary tire, the lug nut
washers will not appear to be flush with the rim. This
is normal only when using the temporary spare tire.
126
Roadside emergencies
8. Lower the wheel by turning the jack handle
counterclockwise.
1
9. Remove the jack and
fully tighten the lug
nuts in the order
3
shown.
10. Put flat tire, jack
and lug wrench away.
5
2
Make sure jack is
fastened so it does not
rattle when you drive.
11. Unblock the wheels.
4
Anti-theft lug nuts (if equipped)
If your vehicle is equipped with this feature, one of
the lug nuts on each wheel must be removed and
replaced with a special key. The key and registration
card are attached to the lug wrench and stored with
the spare tire. If you lose the key, send the
registration card to the manufacturer (not the
dealer) to get a replacement key. If the lug
wrench/lug nut key assembly is lost, see your
nearest Ford or Lincoln/Mercury dealer who has
access to the master set of keys. Do not use an
impact wrench with the anti-theft key.
To remove the
anti-theft lug nut:
1. Insert the key over
the locking lug nut.
Make sure you hold the key square to the lug nut. If
you hold the key at an angle, you could damage the
key and the lug nut.
2. Place the lug nut wrench over the lug nut key and
apply pressure on the key with the wrench.
3. Turn the wrench in a counterclockwise direction
to remove the lug nut.
To install the anti-theft lug nut:
1. Insert the key over the locking lug nut.
127
Roadside emergencies
2. Place the lug nut wrench over the lug nut key and
apply pressure on the key with the wrench.
3. Install the lug nut.
JUMP STARTING YOUR VEHICLE
The gases around the battery can explode if
exposed to flames, sparks, or lit cigarettes.
An explosion could result in injury or vehicle
damage.
Do not push start your vehicle. You could
damage the catalytic converter.
Batteries contain sulfuric acid which can
burn skin, eyes, and clothing, if contacted.
Do not attempt to push start your vehicle.
Automatic transmissions do not have
push-start capability.
Preparing your vehicle
1. Use only a 12–volt supply to start your
vehicle.
2. Do not disconnect the battery of the disabled
vehicle as this could damage the vehicle’s electrical
system.
3. Park the booster vehicle close to the hood of the
disabled vehicle making sure the two vehicles do
not touch. Set the parking brake on both vehicles
and stay clear of the engine cooling fan and other
moving parts.
4. Check all battery terminals and remove any
excessive corrosion before you attach the battery
cables. Ensure that vent caps are tight and level.
5. Turn the heater fan on in both vehicles to protect
any electrical surges. Turn all other accessories off.
128
Roadside emergencies
Connecting the jumper cables
+
+
–
–
1. Connect the positive (+) booster cable to the
positive (+) terminal of the discharged battery.
Note: In the illustrations, lightning bolts are used
to designate the assisting (boosting) battery.
+
+
–
–
2. Connect the other end of the positive (+) cable to
the positive (+) terminal of the assisting battery.
+
+
–
–
3. Connect the negative (-) cable to the negative (-)
terminal of the assisting battery.
129
Roadside emergencies
+
+
–
–
4. Make the final connection of the negative (-) cable
to an exposed metal part of the stalled vehicle’s engine,
away from the battery and the carburetor/fuel injection
system. Do not use fuel lines, engine rocker covers or
the intake manifold as grounding points.
Do not connect the end of the second cable
to the negative (-) terminal of the battery to
be jumped. A spark may cause an explosion of the
gases that surround the battery.
5. Ensure that the cables are clear of fan blades,
belts, moving parts of both engines, or any fuel
delivery system parts.
Jump starting
1. Start the engine of the booster vehicle and run
the engine at moderately increased speed.
2. Start the engine of the disabled vehicle.
3. Once the disabled vehicle has been started, run
both engines for an additional three minutes before
disconnecting the jumper cables.
Removing the jumper cables
+
+
–
–
Remove the jumper cables in the reverse order
that they were connected.
130
Roadside emergencies
1. Remove the jumper cable from the ground metal
surface.
+
+
–
–
2. Remove the jumper cable on the negative (-)
connection of the booster vehicle’s battery.
+
+
–
–
3. Remove the jumper cable from the positive (+)
terminal of the booster vehicle’s battery.
+
+
–
–
4. Remove the jumper cable from the positive (+)
terminal of the disabled vehicle’s battery.
After the disabled vehicle has been started and the
jumper cables removed, allow it to idle for several
minutes so the engine computer can relearn its idle
conditions.
131
Roadside emergencies
WRECKER TOWING
If you need to have your vehicle towed, contact a
professional towing service or, if you are a member,
your roadside assistance center.
It is recommended that your vehicle be towed with a
wheel lift or flatbed equipment. Do not tow with a
slingbelt. Ford Motor Company has not approved a
slingbelt towing procedure.
If your vehicle is to be towed from the rear using
wheel lift equipment, the front wheels must be
placed on a dolly to prevent damage to the front
fascia (bumper).
If the vehicle is towed by other means or
incorrectly, vehicle damage may occur.
Ford Motor Company provides a towing manual for
all authorized tow truck operators. Have your tow
truck operator refer to this manual for proper
hook-up and towing procedures for your vehicle.
132
Maintenance and care
SERVICE RECOMMENDATIONS
To help you service your vehicle:
• We highlight do-it-yourself items in the engine
compartment for easy location.
• We provide a Scheduled Maintenance Guide which
makes tracking routine service easy.
If your vehicle requires professional service, your
dealership can provide necessary parts and service.
Check your “Warranty Guide” to find out which parts
and services are covered.
Use only recommended fuels, lubricants, fluids and
service parts conforming to specifications. Motorcraft
parts are designed and built to provide the best
performance in your vehicle.
PRECAUTIONS WHEN SERVICING YOUR
VEHICLE
Be especially careful when inspecting or servicing
your vehicle.
• Do not work on a hot engine.
• When the engine is running, keep loose clothing,
jewelry or long hair away from moving parts.
• Do not work on a vehicle with the engine running
in an enclosed space, unless you are sure you
have enough ventilation.
• Keep all lit cigarettes, open flames and other lit
material away from the battery and all fuel related
parts.
If you disconnect the battery, the engine must
“relearn” its idle conditions before your vehicle will
drive properly, as explained in the Battery section in
this chapter.
Working with the engine off
• Automatic transmission:
1. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is
securely latched in P (Park).
133
Maintenance and care
2. Turn off the engine and remove the key.
3. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from
moving unexpectedly.
• Manual transmission:
1. Set the parking brake.
2. Depress the clutch and place the gearshift in 1
(First).
3. Turn off the engine and remove the key.
4. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from
moving unexpectedly.
Working with the engine on
• Automatic transmission:
1. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is
securely latched in P (Park).
2. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from
moving unexpectedly.
Do not start your engine with the air cleaner
removed and do not remove it while the
engine is running.
• Manual transmission:
1. Set the parking brake, depress the clutch and
place the gearshift in N (Neutral).
2. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from
moving unexpectedly.
Do not start your engine with the air cleaner
removed and do not remove it while the
engine is running.
134
Maintenance and care
OPENING THE HOOD
1. Inside the vehicle,
pull the hood release
handle located under
the bottom left corner
of the instrument
panel.
HOOD
2. Go to the front of the vehicle and release the
auxiliary latch that is located under the front center
of the hood.
3. Lift the hood and secure it with the prop rod.
135
Maintenance and care
IDENTIFYING COMPONENTS IN THE ENGINE
COMPARTMENT
3.8L OHV V6 engine
10
1
2
3
4
5
9
8
7
1. Engine oil filler cap
2. Engine oil dipstick
3. Brake fluid reservoir
4. Power distribution box
5. Windshield washer fluid reservoir
6. Battery
7. Power steering fluid reservoir
8. Engine coolant reservoir
9. Air filter assembly
10. Automatic transmission fluid dipstick (if
equipped)
136
6
Maintenance and care
4.6L SOHC V8 engine
10
1
2
3
4
9
8
7
6
5
1. Engine oil dipstick
2. Brake fluid reservoir
3. Power distribution box
4. Windshield washer fluid reservoir
5. Battery
6. Engine coolant reservoir
7. Power steering fluid reservoir
8. Engine oil filler cap
9. Air filter assembly
10. Automatic transmission fluid dipstick (if
equipped)
ENGINE OIL
Checking the engine oil
Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for the
appropriate intervals for checking the engine oil.
1. Make sure the vehicle is on level ground.
2. Turn the engine off and wait a few minutes for
the oil to drain into the oil pan.
137
Maintenance and care
3. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is
securely latched in P (Park) (automatic
transmissions) or 1 (First) (manual transmissions).
4. Open the hood. Protect yourself from engine heat.
5. Locate and carefully remove the engine oil level
indicator (dipstick).
• 3.8L OHV V6 engine
MIN
MAX
MIN
MAX
• 4.6L SOHC V8
engine
6. Wipe the indicator clean. Insert the indicator fully,
then remove it again.
• If the oil level is between the MIN—MAX
marks, the oil level is acceptable. DO NOT ADD
OIL.
• If the oil level is below the MIN mark, add enough
oil to raise the level within the MIN—MAX range.
138
Maintenance and care
• 3.8L OHV V6 engine
• 4.6L SOHC V8
engine
• Oil levels above the MAX mark may cause engine
damage. Some oil must be removed from the
engine by a service technician.
7. Put the indicator back in and ensure it is fully
seated.
Adding engine oil
1. Check the engine oil. For instructions, refer to
Checking the engine oil in this chapter.
2. If the engine oil level is not within the normal
range, add only certified engine oil of the
recommended viscosity. Remove the engine oil filler
cap and use a funnel to pour the engine oil into the
opening.
3. Recheck the engine oil level. Make sure the oil
level is not above the MAX mark on the engine oil
level indicator (dipstick).
139
Maintenance and care
4. Install the indicator and ensure it is fully seated.
5. Fully install the engine oil filler cap by turning the
filler cap clockwise until three clicks can be heard.
To avoid possible oil loss, DO NOT operate the
vehicle with the engine oil level indicator
and/or the engine oil filler cap removed.
Engine oil and filter recommendations
Look for this
certification trademark.
Use SAE 5W-30 motor oil certified for gasoline
engines by the American Petroleum Institute (API).
Motor oil displaying the API certification trademark
will meet all requirements for your vehicle’s engine.
Ford oil specification is WSS-M2C153-G.
Do not use supplemental engine oil additives, oil
treatments or engine treatments. They are
unnecessary and could, under certain conditions,
lead to engine damage which is not covered by your
warranty.
Change your engine oil and filter according to the
appropriate schedule listed in the Scheduled
Maintenance Guide.
Ford production and aftermarket (Motorcraft) oil
filters are designed for added engine protection and
long life. If a replacement oil filter is used that does
not meet Ford material and design specifications,
start-up engine noises or knock may be experienced.
It is recommended you use the appropriate
Motorcraft oil filter (or another brand meeting Ford
specifications) for your engine application.
140
Maintenance and care
BRAKE FLUID
Checking and adding brake fluid
Brake fluid should be checked and refilled as
needed. Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide
for the service interval schedules.
• 3.8L OHV V6 engine
• 4.6L SOHC V8
engine
1. Clean the reservoir cap before removal to prevent
dirt or water from entering the reservoir.
2. Visually inspect the
fluid level.
3. If necessary, add
brake fluid from a
clean un-opened
container until the level reaches MAX. Do not fill
above this line.
MAX
141
Maintenance and care
4. Use only a DOT 3 brake fluid certified to meet
Ford specifications. Refer to Lubricant
specifications in the Capacities and specifications
chapter.
Brake fluid is toxic. If brake fluid contacts
the eyes, flush eyes with running water for
15 minutes. Seek medical attention if irritation
persists. If taken internally, drink water and induce
vomiting. Seek medical attention immediately.
If you use a brake fluid that is not DOT 3,
you will cause permanent damage to your
brakes.
Do not let the reservoir for the master
cylinder run dry. This may cause the brakes
to fail.
CLUTCH ADJUSTMENT (IF EQUIPPED)
Check the clutch
adjustment. Refer to
the Scheduled
Maintenance Guide for
the service interval
schedules.
The clutch on your
vehicle is operated by
a cable. As necessary, adjust the clutch as described
below.
1. Turn the engine off and shift into 1 (First).
2. Put your foot under the clutch pedal and gently
pull it up until the pedal stops.
3. Push the clutch pedal down slowly. You will hear a
click as the clutch adjusts itself.
142
Maintenance and care
WINDSHIELD WASHER FLUID
Checking and adding washer fluid
Check the washer fluid
whenever you stop for
fuel. The reservoir is
highlighted with a
symbol.
If the level is low, add
enough fluid to fill the
reservoir. In very cold
weather, do not fill the
reservoir all the way.
Only use a washer fluid that meets Ford
specifications. Refer to Lubricant specifications in
the Capacities and specifications chapter.
State or local regulations on volatile organic
compounds may restrict the use of methanol, a
common windshield washer antifreeze additive.
Washer fluids containing non-methanol antifreeze
agents should be used only if they provide cold
weather protection without damaging the vehicle’s
paint finish, wiper blades or washer system.
Do not put washer fluid in the engine
coolant reservoir. Washer fluid placed in the
cooling system may harm engine and cooling
system components.
ENGINE COOLANT
Checking engine coolant
Your engine’s cooling system has been factory-filled
with a 50/50 mixture of distilled water and Ford
Premium Engine Coolant E2FZ-19549-AA (in
Canada, Motorcraft CXC-10), or an equivalent
premium engine coolant that meets Ford
specification ESE-M97B44-A.
143
Maintenance and care
A 50/50 mixture of distilled water and Ford
Premium Engine Coolant provides:
• maximum cooling system efficiency.
• freeze protection down to -36° C (-34° F).
• boiling protection up to 129° C (265° F).
• protection against rust and other forms of
corrosion.
• an accurate temperature readout from the
engine coolant gauge.
The engine coolant must be maintained at the
correct fluid level and concentration to work
properly. If the engine coolant fluid level and
concentration is not maintained correctly,
damage to the engine and cooling system may
result.
• 3.8L OHV V6 engine
• 4.6L SOHC V8
engine
144
Maintenance and care
When the engine is cold, check the level of the
engine coolant in the reservoir.
• The engine coolant should be at the “cold fill
level” as listed on the engine coolant reservoir.
• Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for
service interval schedules.
• Be sure to read and understand Precautions
when servicing your vehicle in this chapter.
If the engine coolant has not been checked at the
recommended interval, the engine coolant reservoir
may become low or empty. If the reservoir is low or
empty, add engine coolant to the reservoir. Refer to
Adding engine coolant in this chapter.
Automotive fluids are not interchangeable;
do not use engine coolant, antifreeze or
windshield washer fluid outside of its specified
function and vehicle location.
Adding engine coolant
Use only Ford Premium Engine Coolant
E2FZ-19549-AA (in Canada, Motorcraft
CXC-8-B) or a premium engine coolant that
meets Ford specification ESE-M97B44-A.
• DO NOT USE Ford Extended Life Engine
Coolant F6AZ-19544-AA (orange in color).
• DO NOT USE a DEX-COOLt engine coolant
or an equivalent engine coolant that meets
Ford specification WSS-M97B44-D.
• DO NOT USE alcohol or methanol antifreeze
or any engine coolants mixed with alcohol or
methanol antifreeze.
• DO NOT USE supplemental coolant additives
in your vehicle. These additives may harm
your engine’s cooling system.
145
Maintenance and care
• DO NOT MIX recycled coolant and
conventional coolant together in your
vehicle. Mixing of engine coolants may harm
your engine’s cooling system.
• The use of an improper coolant may harm
engine and cooling system components and
may void the warranty of your vehicle’s
engine cooling system. If you are unsure
which type of coolant your vehicle requires,
contact your local dealer.
Do not put engine coolant in the windshield
washer fluid reservoir. If engine coolant is
sprayed onto the windshield, it could make it
difficult to see through the windshield.
When the engine is cool, add a 50/50 mixture of
engine coolant and distilled water to the engine
coolant reservoir, until the coolant is at the “cold fill
level” as listed in the engine coolant reservoir.
• NEVER increase the coolant concentration
above 60%.
• NEVER decrease the coolant concentration
below 40%.
• Engine coolant concentrations above 60% or
below 40% will decrease the freeze
protection characteristics of the engine
coolant and may cause engine damage.
Plain water may be added in an emergency, but you
must replace it with a 50/50 mixture of engine
coolant and distilled water as soon as possible.
Check the coolant level in the reservoir before you
drive your vehicle the next few times (with the
engine cool). If necessary, add a 50/50 mixture of
engine coolant and distilled water to the engine
coolant reservoir until the coolant level is at the
“cold fill level” as listed on the reservoir.
146
Maintenance and care
Have your dealer check the engine cooling system
for leaks if you have to add more than 1.0 liter (1.0
quart) of engine coolant per month.
If equipped with the 3.8L V6 engine, to
avoid scalding hot steam or coolant from
being released from the engine cooling system,
never remove the radiator cap from the radiator
while the engine is running or hot. Failure to
follow this warning may result in damage to the
engine’s cooling system and possible severe
personal injury.
If equipped with the 4.6L V8 engine, to
avoid scalding hot steam or coolant from
being released from the engine cooling system,
never remove the pressure relief cap from the
engine coolant reservoir while the engine is
running or hot. Failure to follow this warning may
result in damage to the engine’s cooling system
and possible severe personal injury.
If you must remove the pressure relief cap or
radiator cap (depending upon engine application),
follow these steps to avoid personal injury:
1. Before you remove the cap, turn the engine off
and let it cool.
2. When the engine is cool, wrap a thick cloth
around the cap. Slowly turn cap counterclockwise
until pressure begins to release.
3. Step back while the pressure releases.
4. When you are sure that all the pressure has been
released, use the cloth to turn it counterclockwise
and remove the cap.
Engine coolant drain and flush
Procedures for draining and flushing the cooling
system can be found in the Car Service Manual,
147
Maintenance and care
which can be purchased from your dealer.
Engine coolant refill procedure-3.8L V6 engine
Use the following procedure when refilling
the cooling system of a vehicle equipped
with a 3.8L V6 engine. Failure to follow this
warning may result in damage to the engine and
engine cooling system.
The following procedure should be used when
refilling the cooling system of a 3.8L V6 engine after
it has been drained or become extremely low.
1. Remove the cap
2
from the engine
coolant reservoir.
3
1
2. Open the cooling
system vent plug.
3. Remove the radiator
cap as previously
outlined.
4. Add a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant and
distilled water to the radiator until full.
5. Add a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant and
distilled water to the engine coolant reservoir until
the coolant level is at the “cold fill level” as listed on
the reservoir.
6. Close the cooling system vent plug.
7. Reinstall the engine coolant reservoir cap.
8. Reinstall the radiator cap.
9. Start and idle the engine until the upper radiator
hose is warm (this indicates the thermostat is open
and coolant is flowing through the entire system).
10. Immediately shut the engine off.
11. Wrap a thick cloth around the radiator cap and
cautiously remove the radiator cap.
148
Maintenance and care
12. Add a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant and
distilled water to the radiator until full.
13. Reinstall the radiator cap.
14. Check the coolant level in the reservoir before
you drive your vehicle the next few times (with the
engine cool).
15. If necessary, add a 50/50 mixture of engine
coolant and distilled water to the engine coolant
reservoir until the coolant level is at the “cold fill
level” as listed on the reservoir.
If you are unsure of how to operate the cooling
system vent plug when adding engine coolant to the
3.8L V6 engine, contact your dealer.
Engine coolant refill procedure-4.6L V8 engine
The following procedure should be used when
refilling the cooling system of a 4.6L V8 engine after
it has been drained or become extremely low.
1. Remove the pressure relief cap from the engine
coolant reservoir as previously outlined.
2. Slowly add a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant
and distilled water to the engine coolant reservoir
until the coolant level is at the “cold fill level” as
listed on the reservoir.
3. Reinstall the pressure relief cap.
4. Start and idle the engine until the upper radiator
hose is warm (this indicates the thermostat is open
and coolant is flowing through the entire system).
5. Shut the engine off and let it cool.
6. Remove the pressure relief cap from the engine
coolant reservoir as previously outlined.
7. Add a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant and
distilled water to the engine coolant reservoir until
the coolant level is at the “cold fill level” as listed on
the reservoir.
8. Reinstall the pressure relief cap.
149
Maintenance and care
9. Check the coolant level in the reservoir before
you drive your vehicle the next few times (with the
engine cool).
10. If necessary, add a 50/50 mixture of engine
coolant and distilled water to the engine coolant
reservoir until the coolant level is at the “cold fill
level” as listed on the reservoir.
Recycled engine coolant
Ford Motor Company recommends the use of a
recycled engine coolant produced by Ford-approved
processes.
Not all coolant recycling processes produce coolant
which meets Ford specification ESE-M97B44-A. Use
of a recycled engine coolant which does not meet
the Ford specification may harm engine and cooling
system components.
Always dispose of used automotive fluids in a
responsible manner. Follow your community’s
regulations and standards for recycling and disposing
of automotive fluids.
Coolant refill capacity
To find out how much fluid your vehicle’s cooling
system can hold, refer to Refill capacities in the
Capacities and specifications chapter.
Fill your engine coolant reservoir as outlined in
Adding engine coolant in this chapter.
Severe climates
If you drive in extremely cold climates (less than
–36° C [–34° F]):
• it may be necessary to increase the coolant
concentration above 50%.
• NEVER increase the coolant concentration
above 60%.
• increased engine coolant concentrations
above 60% will decrease the overheat
150
Maintenance and care
protection characteristics of the engine
coolant and may cause engine damage.
• refer to the chart on the coolant container
to ensure the coolant concentration in your
vehicle will provide adequate freeze
protection at the temperatures in which you
drive in the winter months.
If you drive in extremely hot climates:
• it is still necessary to maintain the coolant
concentration above 40%.
• NEVER decrease the coolant concentration
below 40%.
• decreased engine coolant concentrations
below 40% will decrease the corrosion
protection characteristics of the engine
coolant and may cause engine damage.
• decreased engine coolant concentrations
below 40% will decrease the freeze
protection characteristics of the engine
coolant and may cause engine damage.
• refer to the chart on the coolant container
to ensure the coolant concentration in your
vehicle will provide adequate protection at
the temperatures in which you drive.
Vehicles driven year-round in non-extreme climates
should use a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant and
distilled water for optimum cooling system and
engine protection.
CHECKING AND ADDING POWER STEERING
FLUID
Check the power steering fluid. Refer to the
Scheduled Maintenance Guide for the service
interval schedules. If adding fluid is necessary, use
only MERCONt ATF.
151
Maintenance and care
FILL HOT
If your vehicle is
equipped with the
3.8L V6 engine, check
the power steering
fluid level with the
engine at normal
operating temperature.
1. Start the engine and
let it run until it
reaches normal
operating temperature
(the engine coolant
temperature gauge
indicator will be near
the center of the
normal area between H
and C).
2. While the engine idles, turn the steering wheel
left and right several times.
3. Turn the engine off.
4. Check the fluid level on the dipstick. It should be
within the FULL HOT range. Do not add fluid if the
level is within this range.
5. If the fluid is low, add fluid in small amounts,
continuously checking the level until it reaches the
correct operating range. Be sure to put the cap back
on the reservoir.
152
Maintenance and care
If your vehicle is
equipped with a 4.6L
V8 engine, check the
power steering fluid
level with the engine at
ambient temperature.
Allow at least one-half
hour after driving for
the power steering
fluid to cool.
1. Start the engine and
allow the engine to
idle.
MAX
MIN
2. Turn the steering
wheel left and right
several times.
3. Turn the engine off.
4. Check the fluid level in the reservoir. It should be
between the MIN and MAX lines. Do not add fluid if
the level is within this range.
5. If the fluid is low, add fluid in small amounts,
continuously checking the level until it reaches the
correct operating range. Be sure to put the cap back
on the reservoir.
TRANSMISSION FLUID
Checking automatic transmission fluid
Refer to your Scheduled Maintenance Guide for
scheduled intervals for fluid checks and changes.
Your transmission does not consume fluid. However,
the fluid level should be checked if the transmission
is not working properly, i.e., if the transmission slips
or shifts slowly or if you notice some sign of fluid
leakage.
Automatic transmission fluid expands when warmed.
To obtain an accurate fluid check, drive the vehicle
until it is at normal operating temperature
(approximately 30 km [20 miles]). If your vehicle has
153
Maintenance and care
been operated for an extended period at high
speeds, in city traffic during hot weather or pulling a
trailer, the vehicle should be turned off for about 30
minutes to allow fluid to cool before checking.
1. Drive the vehicle 30 km (20 miles) or until it
reaches normal operating temperature.
2. Park the vehicle on a level surface and engage the
parking brake.
3. With the parking brake engaged and your foot on
the brake pedal, start the engine and move the
gearshift lever through all of the gear ranges. Allow
sufficient time for each gear to engage.
4. Latch the gearshift lever in P (Park) and leave the
engine running.
5. Remove the dipstick, wiping it clean with a clean,
dry lint free rag. If necessary, refer to Identifying
components in the engine compartment in this
chapter for the location of the dipstick.
6. Install the dipstick making sure it is fully seated in
the filler tube.
7. Remove the dipstick and inspect the fluid level.
The fluid should be in the designated area for
normal operating temperature or ambient
temperature.
Low fluid level
Do not drive the
vehicle if the fluid level
is at the bottom of the
dipstick and the ambient temperature is above 10°C
(50°F).
Correct fluid level
The transmission fluid should be checked at normal
operating temperature 66°C-77°C (150°F-170°F) on
a level surface. The normal operating temperature
can be reached after approximately 30 km (20
miles) of driving.
154
Maintenance and care
You can check the fluid without driving if the
ambient temperature is above 10°C (50°F). However,
if fluid is added at this time, an overfill condition
could result when the vehicle reaches normal
operating temperature.
The transmission fluid
should be in this range
if at normal operating
temperature (66°C-77°C [150°F-170°F]).
The transmission fluid
should be in this range
if at ambient
temperature (10°C-35°C [50°F-95°F]).
High fluid level
Fluid levels above the
safe range may result
in transmission failure.
An overfill condition of transmission fluid may cause
shift and/or engagement concerns and/or possible
damage.
High fluid levels can be caused by an overheating
condition.
Adjusting automatic transmission fluid levels
Before adding any fluid, make sure the correct type
is used. The type of fluid used is normally indicated
on the dipstick and also in the Lubricant
specifications section in the Capacities and
specifications chapter.
Use of a non-approved automatic transmission
fluid may cause internal transmission
component damage.
If necessary, add fluid in 250 mL (1/2 pint) increments
through the filler tube until the level is correct.
If an overfill occurs,
excess fluid should be
removed by a qualified
technician.
155
Maintenance and care
An overfill condition of transmission fluid may
cause shift and/or engagement concerns and/or
possible damage.
Checking and adding manual transmission fluid
1. Clean the filler plug.
2. Remove the filler
plug and inspect the
fluid level.
3. Fluid level should be
at bottom of the
opening.
4. Add enough fluid
through the filler
opening so that the
fluid level is at the
bottom of the opening.
5. Install and tighten the fill plug securely.
Use only fluid that meets Ford specifications. Refer
to the Capacities and specifications chapter.
156
Maintenance and care
BATTERY
Your vehicle is
equipped with a
Motorcraft
maintenance-free
battery which normally
does not require
additional water during
its life of service.
However, for severe usage or in high temperature
climates, check the battery electrolyte level. Refer to
the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for the service
interval schedules.
Keep the electrolyte level in each cell up to the
“level indicator”. Do not overfill the battery
cells.
If the electrolyte level in the battery is low, you can
add plain tap water to the battery, as long as you do
not use hard water (water with a high mineral or
alkali content). If possible, however, try to only fill
the battery cells with distilled water. If the battery
needs water often, have the charging system
checked.
If your battery has a cover/shield, make sure it
is reinstalled after the battery has been
cleaned or replaced.
For longer, trouble-free operation, keep the top of
the battery clean and dry. Also, make certain the
battery cables are always tightly fastened to the
battery terminals.
If you see any corrosion on the battery or terminals,
remove the cables from the terminals and clean with
a wire brush. You can neutralize the acid with a
solution of baking soda and water.
157
Maintenance and care
Batteries normally produce explosive gases
which can cause personal injury. Therefore,
do not allow flames, sparks or lighted substances
to come near the battery. When working near the
battery, always shield your face and protect your
eyes. Always provide proper ventilation.
When lifting a plastic-cased battery,
excessive pressure on the end walls could
cause acid to flow through the vent caps, resulting
in personal injury and/or damage to the vehicle or
battery. Lift the battery with a battery carrier or
with your hands on opposite corners.
Keep batteries out of reach of children.
Batteries contain sulfuric acid. Avoid contact
with skin, eyes or clothing. Shield your eyes when
working near the battery to protect against
possible splashing of acid solution. In case of acid
contact with skin or eyes, flush immediately with
water for a minimum of 15 minutes and get
prompt medical attention. If acid is swallowed, call
a physician immediately.
Because your vehicle’s engine is electronically
controlled by a computer, some control conditions
are maintained by power from the battery. When the
battery is disconnected or a new battery is installed,
the engine must relearn its idle and fuel trim
strategy for optimum driveability and performance.
To begin this process:
1. With the vehicle at a complete stop, set the
parking brake.
2. Put the gearshift in P (Park) (automatic
transmission) or the neutral position (manual
transmission), turn off all accessories and start the
engine.
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Maintenance and care
AD
LE
RN
TU
RE
3. Run the engine until it reaches normal operating
temperature.
4. Allow the engine to idle for at least one minute.
5. Turn the A/C on and allow the engine to idle for
at least one minute.
6. Drive the vehicle to complete the relearning
process.
• The vehicle may need to be driven 16 km (10
miles) or more to relearn the idle and fuel trim
strategy.
• If you do not allow the engine to relearn its
idle trim, the idle quality of your vehicle may
be adversely affected until the idle trim is
eventually relearned.
If the battery has been disconnected or a new
battery has been installed, the clock and the preset
radio stations must be reset once the battery is
reconnected.
• Always dispose of
automotive batteries
in a responsible
manner. Follow your
local authorized
standards for
disposal. Call your
RECYCLE
local authorized
recycling center to find out more about recycling
automotive batteries.
WINDSHIELD WIPER BLADES
Check the wiper blades at least twice a year or when
they seem less effective. Substances such as tree sap
and some hot wax treatments used by commercial
car washes reduce the effectiveness of wiper blades.
Checking the wiper blades
If the wiper blades do not wipe properly, clean both
the windshield and wiper blades using undiluted
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Maintenance and care
windshield wiper solution or a mild detergent. Rinse
thoroughly with clean water. To avoid damaging the
blades, do not use fuel, kerosene, paint thinner or
other solvents.
Changing the wiper blades
To replace the wiper blades:
1. Pull the wiper arm
away from the
windshield and lock
into the service
position.
2. Turn the blade at an
angle from the wiper
arm. Push the lock pin
manually to release the
blade and pull the
wiper blade down
toward the windshield
to remove it from the arm.
3. Attach the new wiper to the wiper arm and press
it into place until a click is heard.
INFORMATION ABOUT UNIFORM TIRE QUALITY
GRADING
New vehicles are fitted
with tires that have a
rating on them called
Tire Quality Grades.
The Quality grades can
be found where
applicable on the tire sidewall between tread
shoulder and maximum section width. For example:
• Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
These Tire Quality Grades are determined by
standards that the United States Department of
Transportation has set.
Tire Quality Grades apply to new pneumatic tires for
use on passenger cars. They do not apply to deep
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Maintenance and care
tread, winter-type snow tires, space-saver or
temporary use spare tires, tires with nominal rim
diameters of 10 to 12 inches or limited production
tires as defined in Title 49 Code of Federal
Regulations Part 575.104(c)(2).
U.S. Department of Transportation-Tire quality
grades: The U.S. Department of Transportation
requires Ford to give you the following information
about tire grades exactly as the government has
written it.
Treadwear
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based
on the wear rate of the tire when tested under
controlled conditions on a specified government test
course. For example, a tire graded 150 would wear
one and one-half (1 1/2) times as well on the
government course as a tire graded 100. The relative
performance of tires depends upon the actual
conditions of their use, however, and may depart
significantly from the norm due to variations in
driving habits, service practices, and differences in
road characteristics and climate.
Traction AA A B C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest are AA,
A, B, and C. Those grades represent the tire’s ability
to stop on wet pavement as measured under
controlled conditions on specified government test
surfaces of asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C
may have poor traction performance.
The traction grade assigned to this tire is
based on straight-ahead braking traction
tests, and does not include acceleration, cornering,
hydroplaning or peak traction characteristics.
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Maintenance and care
Temperature A B C
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and
C, representing the tire’s resistance to the
generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat
when tested under controlled conditions on a
specified indoor laboratory test wheel. Sustained
high temperature can cause the material of the tire
to degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive
temperature can lead to sudden tire failure. The
grade C corresponds to a level of performance which
all passenger car tires must meet under the Federal
Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 109. Grades B
and A represent higher levels of performance on the
laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by
law.
The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated
and not overloaded. Excessive speed,
underinflation, or excessive loading, either
separately or in combination, can cause heat
buildup and possible tire failure.
SERVICING YOUR TIRES
Checking the tire pressure
• Use an accurate tire pressure gauge.
• Check the tire pressure when tires are cold, after
the vehicle has been parked for at least one hour
or has been driven less than 5 km (3 miles).
• Adjust tire pressure to recommended
specifications found on the tire pressure label
inside the glove compartment door.
Improperly inflated tires can affect vehicle
handling and can fail suddenly, possibly
resulting in loss of vehicle control.
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Maintenance and care
Tire rotation
Because your vehicle’s tires perform different jobs,
they often wear differently. To make sure your tires
wear evenly and last longer, rotate them as indicated
in the Scheduled Maintenance Guide. If you notice
that the tires wear unevenly, have them checked.
• 15 or 16 inch four
tire rotation
• 17 inch four tire
rotation
Replacing the tires
Replace the tires when
the wear band is
visible through the tire
treads.
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Maintenance and care
When replacing full size tires, never mix
radial bias-belted, or bias-type tires. Use
only the tire sizes that are listed on the tire
pressure decal. Make sure that all tires are the
same size, speed rating, and load-carrying capacity.
Use only the tire combinations recommended on
the label. If you do not follow these precautions,
your vehicle may not drive properly and safely.
Make sure that all replacement tires are of
the same size, type, load-carrying capacity
and tread design (e.g., “All Terrain”, etc.), as
originally offered by Ford.
Failure to follow these precautions may
adversely affect the handling of the vehicle
and make it easier for the driver to lose control
and roll over.
Tires that are larger or smaller than your vehicle’s
original tires may also affect the accuracy of your
speedometer.
SNOW TIRES AND CHAINS
Driving too fast for conditions creates the
possibility of loss of vehicle control. Driving
at very high speeds for extended periods of time
may result in damage to vehicle components.
Snow tires must be the same size and grade
as the tires you currently have on your
vehicle.
The tires on your vehicle have all weather treads to
provide traction in rain and snow. However, in some
climates, you may need to use snow tires and
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Maintenance and care
chains. Use chains on the tires only in an emergency
or if the law requires them.
Follow these guidelines when using snow tires and
chains:
• Chains may damage aluminum wheels.
• Use only Cable Type chains with size P225/55R16
or 245/45ZR17 tires. Use of SAE Class S chains
may damage vehicle.
• SAE Class S chains may be used on P205/65R15
tires.
• Install chains securely, verifying that the chains do
not touch any wiring, brake lines or fuel lines.
• Drive cautiously. If you hear the chains rub or
bang against your vehicle, stop and re-tighten the
chains. If this does not work, remove the chains
to prevent damage to your vehicle.
• If possible, avoid fully loading your vehicle.
• Remove the tire chains when they are no longer
needed. Do not use tire chains on dry roads.
• The suspension insulation and bumpers will help
prevent vehicle damage. Do not remove these
components from your vehicle when using snow
tires and chains.
WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT
AUTOMOTIVE FUELS
Important safety precautions
Do not overfill the fuel tank. The pressure in
an overfilled tank may cause leakage and
lead to fuel spray and fire.
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Maintenance and care
The fuel system may be under pressure. If
the fuel filler cap is venting vapor or if you
hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops before
completely removing the fuel filler cap. Otherwise,
fuel may spray out and injure you or others.
If you do not use the proper fuel filler cap,
excessive pressure or vacuum in the fuel
tank may damage the fuel system or cause the fuel
system to work improperly in a collision, which
may result in possible personal injury.
Automotive fuels can cause serious injury or
death if misused or mishandled.
Gasoline may contain benzene, which is a
cancer-causing agent.
Observe the following guidelines when handling
automotive fuel:
• Extinguish all
smoking materials
and any open flames
before fueling your
vehicle.
• Always turn off the
vehicle before
fueling.
• Automotive fuels can be harmful or fatal if
swallowed. Fuel such as gasoline is highly toxic
and if swallowed can cause death or permanent
injury. If fuel is swallowed, call a physician
immediately, even if no symptoms are immediately
apparent. The toxic effects of fuel may not be
visible for hours.
• Avoid inhaling fuel vapors. Inhaling too much fuel
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Maintenance and care
vapor of any kind can lead to eye and respiratory
tract irritation. In severe cases, excessive or
prolonged breathing of fuel vapor can cause
serious illness and permanent injury.
• Avoid getting fuel liquid in your eyes. If fuel is
splashed in the eyes, remove contact lenses (if
worn), flush with water for 15 minutes and seek
medical attention. Failure to seek proper medical
attention could lead to permanent injury.
• Fuels can also be harmful if absorbed through the
skin. If fuel is splashed on the skin and/or
clothing, promptly remove contaminated clothing
and wash skin thoroughly with soap and water.
Repeated or prolonged skin contact with fuel
liquid or vapor causes skin irritation.
• Be particularly careful if you are taking
“Antabuse” or other forms of disulfiram for the
treatment of alcoholism. Breathing gasoline
vapors, or skin contact could cause an adverse
reaction. In sensitive individuals, serious personal
injury or sickness may result. If fuel is splashed
on the skin, promptly wash skin thoroughly with
soap and water. Consult a physician immediately
if you experience an adverse reaction.
When refueling always shut the engine off
and never allow sparks or open flames near
the filler neck. Never smoke while refueling. Fuel
vapor is extremely hazardous under certain
conditions. Care should be taken to avoid inhaling
excess fumes.
The flow of fuel through a fuel pump nozzle
can produce static electricity, which can
cause a fire if fuel is pumped into an ungrounded
fuel container.
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Maintenance and care
Use the following guidelines to avoid static build-up
when filling an ungrounded fuel container:
• Place approved fuel container on the ground.
• DO NOT fill a fuel container while it is in the
vehicle.
• Keep the fuel pump nozzle in contact with the
fuel container while filling.
• DO NOT use a device that would hold the fuel
pump handle in the fill position.
Fuel Filler Cap
Your fuel tank filler cap has an indexed design with
a 1/8 turn on/off feature.
When fueling your vehicle:
1. Turn the engine off.
2. Carefully turn the filler cap counterclockwise 1/8
of a turn until it stops.
3. Pull to remove the cap from the fuel filler pipe.
4. To install the cap, align the tabs on the cap with
the notches on the filler pipe.
5. Turn the filler cap clockwise 1/8 of a turn until it
stops.
If the “Service Engine Soon/Check Engine” indicator
comes on and stays on when you start the engine,
the fuel filler cap may not be properly installed.
Turn off the engine, remove the fuel filler cap, align
the cap properly and reinstall it.
If you must replace the fuel filler cap, replace
it with a fuel filler cap that is designed for
your vehicle. The customer warranty may be
void for any damage to the fuel tank or fuel
system if the correct genuine Ford or
Motorcraft fuel filler cap is not used.
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Maintenance and care
The fuel system may be under pressure. If
the fuel filler cap is venting vapor or if you
hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops before
completely removing the fuel filler cap. Otherwise,
fuel may spray out and injure you or others.
If you do not use the proper fuel filler cap,
excessive pressure or vacuum in the fuel
tank may damage the fuel system or cause the fuel
system to work improperly in a collision, which
may result in possible personal injury.
Choosing the right fuel
Use only UNLEADED FUEL. The use of leaded fuel
is prohibited by law and could damage your vehicle.
Do not use fuel containing methanol. It can damage
critical fuel system components.
Your vehicle was not designed to use fuel or fuel
additives with metallic compounds, including
manganese-based compounds containing MMT.
Repairs to correct the effects of using a fuel for
which your vehicle was not designed may not be
covered by your warranty.
Octane recommendations
Your vehicle is
designed to use
“Regular” unleaded
gasoline with an
(R+M)/2 octane rating of 87. We do not recommend
the use of gasolines labeled as “Regular” that are
sold with octane ratings of 86 or lower in high
altitude areas.
Do not be concerned if your engine sometimes
knocks lightly. However, if it knocks heavily under
most driving conditions while you are using fuel with
the recommended octane rating, see your dealer or
87
(R+M)/2 METHOD
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Maintenance and care
a qualified service technician to prevent any engine
damage.
Fuel quality
If you are experiencing starting, rough idle or
hesitation driveability problems during a cold start,
try a different brand of “Regular” unleaded gasoline.
“Premium” unleaded gasoline is not recommended
(particularly in the United States) because it may
cause these problems to become more pronounced.
If the problems persist, see your dealer or a qualified
service technician.
It should not be necessary to add any aftermarket
products to your fuel tank if you continue to use
high quality fuel of the recommended octane rating.
Aftermarket products could cause damage to the
fuel system. Repairs to correct the effects of using
an aftermarket product in your fuel may not be
covered by your warranty.
Many of the world’s automakers issued the
World-wide Fuel Charter that recommends gasoline
specifications to provide improved performance and
emission control system protection for your vehicle.
Gasolines that meet the World-wide Fuel Charter
should be used when available. Ask your fuel
supplier about gasolines that meet the World-wide
Fuel Charter.
Cleaner air
Ford approves the use of reformulated
“cleaner-burning” gasolines to improve air quality.
These gasolines may contain oxygenates up to 10%
ethanol or 15% MTBE.
Running out of fuel
Avoid running out of fuel because this situation may
have an adverse affect on powertrain components.
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Maintenance and care
If you have run out of fuel:
• You may need to cycle the ignition from OFF to
ON several times after refueling, to allow the fuel
system to pump the fuel from the tank to the
engine.
• Your “Service Engine Soon” indicator may come
on. For more information on the “Service Engine
Soon” indicator, refer to the Instrumentation
chapter.
Fuel Filter
For fuel filter replacement, see your dealer or a
qualified service technician. Refer to the Scheduled
Maintenance Guide for the appropriate intervals for
changing the fuel filter.
Replace the fuel filter with an authorized
Motorcraft part. The customer warranty may
be void for any damage to the fuel system if an
authorized Motorcraft fuel filter is not used.
ESSENTIALS OF GOOD FUEL ECONOMY
Measuring techniques
Your best source of information about actual fuel
economy is you, the driver. You must gather
information as accurately and consistently as
possible. Fuel expense, frequency of fillups or fuel
gauge readings are NOT accurate as a measure of
fuel economy. We do not recommend taking fuel
economy measurements during the first 1 600 km
(1 000 miles) of driving (engine break-in period).
You will get a more accurate measurement after
3 000 km–5 000 km (2 000 miles-3 000 miles).
Filling the tank
The advertised fuel capacity of the fuel tank on your
vehicle is equal to the rated refill capacity of the fuel
tank as listed in the Refill Capacities section of the
Capacities and specifications chapter.
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Maintenance and care
The advertised capacity is the amount of the
indicated capacity and the empty reserve combined.
Indicated capacity is the difference in the amount of
fuel in a full tank and a tank when the fuel gauge
indicates empty. Empty reserve is the small amount
of usable fuel remaining in the fuel tank after the
fuel gauge indicates empty.
The amount of empty reserve varies and should
not be relied upon to increase driving range.
When refueling your vehicle after the fuel
gauge indicates empty, you might not be able to
refuel the full amount of the advertised
capacity of the fuel tank due to the empty
reserve still present in the tank.
For consistent results when filling the fuel tank:
• Use the same filling rate setting (low — medium
— high) each time the tank is filled.
• Allow three automatic click-offs when filling.
• Always use fuel with the recommended octane
rating.
• Use a known quality gasoline, preferably a
national brand.
• Use the same side of the same pump and have
the vehicle facing the same direction each time
you fill up.
• Have the vehicle loading and distribution the
same every time.
Your results will be most accurate if your filling
method is consistent.
Calculating fuel economy
1. Fill the fuel tank completely and record the initial
odometer reading (in kilometers or miles).
2. Each time you fill the tank, record the amount of
fuel added (in liters or gallons).
3. After at least three to five tank fill-ups, fill the
fuel tank and record the current odometer reading.
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Maintenance and care
4. Subtract your initial odometer reading from the
current odometer reading.
5. Follow one of the simple calculations in order to
determine fuel economy:
Multiply liters used by 100, then divide by total
kilometers traveled.
Divide total miles traveled by total gallons
used.
Keep a record for at least one month and record the
type of driving (city or highway). This will provide
an accurate estimate of the vehicle’s fuel economy
under current driving conditions. Additionally,
keeping records during summer and winter will show
how temperature impacts fuel economy. In general,
lower temperatures give lower fuel economy.
Driving style — good driving and fuel economy
habits
Give consideration to the lists that follow and you
may be able to change a number of variables and
improve your fuel economy.
Habits
• Smooth, moderate operation can yield up to 10%
savings in fuel.
• Steady speeds without stopping will usually give
the best fuel economy.
• Idling for long periods of time (greater than one
minute) may waste fuel.
• Anticipate stopping; slowing down may eliminate
the need to stop.
• Sudden or hard accelerations may reduce fuel
economy.
• Slow down gradually.
• Driving at reasonable speeds (traveling at 88 km/h
[55 mph] uses 15% less fuel than traveling at 105
km/h [65 mph]).
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Maintenance and care
• Revving the engine before turning it off may
reduce fuel economy.
• Using the air conditioner or defroster may reduce
fuel economy.
• You may want to turn off the speed control in
hilly terrain if unnecessary shifting between third
and fourth gear occurs. Unnecessary shifting of
this type could result in reduced fuel economy.
• Warming up a vehicle on cold mornings is not
required and may reduce fuel economy.
• Resting your foot on the brake pedal while driving
may reduce fuel economy.
• Combine errands and minimize stop-and-go
driving.
Maintenance
• Keep tires properly inflated and use only
recommended size.
• Operating a vehicle with the wheels out of
alignment will reduce fuel economy.
• Use recommended engine oil. Refer to Lubricant
Specifications.
• Perform all regularly scheduled maintenance
items. Follow the recommended maintenance
schedule and owner maintenance checks found in
your vehicle Scheduled Maintenance Guide.
Conditions
• Heavily loading a vehicle or towing a trailer may
reduce fuel economy at any speed.
• Carrying unnecessary weight may reduce fuel
economy (approximately 0.4 km/L [1 mpg] is lost
for every 180 kg [400 lb] of weight carried).
• Adding certain accessories to your vehicle (for
example bug deflectors, rollbars/light bars,
running boards, ski/luggage racks) may reduce
fuel economy.
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Maintenance and care
• Using fuel blended with alcohol may lower fuel
economy.
• Fuel economy may decrease with lower
temperatures during the first 12–16 km (8–10
miles) of driving.
• Driving on flat terrain offers improved fuel
economy as compared to driving on hilly terrain.
• Transmissions give their best fuel economy when
operated in the top cruise gear and with steady
pressure on the gas pedal.
• Close windows for high speed driving.
EPA window sticker
Every new vehicle should have the EPA window
sticker. Contact your dealer if the window sticker is
not supplied with your vehicle. The EPA window
sticker should be your guide for the fuel economy
comparisons with other vehicles.
It is important to note the box in the lower left
corner of the window sticker. These numbers
represent the Range of L/100 km (MPG) expected
on the vehicle under optimum conditions. Your fuel
economy may vary depending upon the method of
operation and conditions.
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM
Your vehicle is equipped with various emission
control components and a catalytic converter which
will enable your vehicle to comply with applicable
exhaust emission standards. To make sure that the
catalytic converter and other emission control
components continue to work properly:
• Use only the specified fuel listed.
• Avoid running out of fuel.
• Do not turn off the ignition while your vehicle is
moving, especially at high speeds.
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Maintenance and care
• Have the items listed in your Scheduled
Maintenance Guide performed according to the
specified schedule.
The scheduled maintenance items listed in the
Scheduled Maintenance Guide are essential to the
life and performance of your vehicle and to its
emissions system.
If other than Ford, Motorcraft or Ford-authorized
parts are used for maintenance replacements or for
service of components affecting emission control,
such non-Ford parts should be equivalent to genuine
Ford Motor Company parts in performance and
durability.
Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in
dry grass or other dry ground cover. The
emission system heats up the engine compartment
and exhaust system, which can start a fire.
Illumination of the “Service Engine Soon” light,
charging system warning light or the temperature
warning light, fluid leaks, strange odors, smoke or
loss of engine power, could indicate that the
emission control system is not working properly.
Exhaust leaks may result in entry of harmful
and potentially lethal fumes into the
passenger compartment.
Do not make any unauthorized changes to your
vehicle or engine. By law, vehicle owners and anyone
who manufactures, repairs, services, sells, leases,
trades vehicles, or supervises a fleet of vehicles are
not permitted to intentionally remove an emission
control device or prevent it from working.
Information about your vehicle’s emission system is
on the Vehicle Emission Control Information Decal
located on or near the engine. This decal identifies
engine displacement and gives some tune up
specifications.
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Maintenance and care
Please consult your “Warranty Guide” for complete
emission warranty information.
Readiness for Inspection/Maintenance (I/M)
testing
In some localities, it may be a legal requirement to
pass an I/M test of the on-board diagnostics system.
If your “Check Engine/Service Engine Soon” light is
on, refer to the description in the Warning Lights
and Chimes section of the Instrumentation
chapter. Your vehicle may not pass the I/M test with
the “Check Engine/Service Engine Soon” light on.
If the vehicle’s powertrain system or its battery has
just been serviced, the on-board diagnostics system
is reset to a “not ready for I/M test” condition. To
ready the on-board diagnostics system for I/M
testing, a minimum of 30 minutes of city and
highway driving is necessary as described below:
• First, at least 10 minutes of driving on an
expressway or highway.
• Next, at least 20 minutes driving in stop-and-go,
city-type traffic with at least four idle periods.
Allow the vehicle to sit for at least eight hours
without starting the engine. Then, start the engine
and complete the above driving cycle. The engine
must warm up to its normal operating temperature.
Once started, do not turn off the engine until the
above driving cycle is complete.
BULBS
Replacing exterior bulbs
Check the operation of the following lamps
frequently:
• Headlamps
• Tail lamps
• Brakelamps
• High-mount brakelamp
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Maintenance and care
• Turn signals
• Backup lamps
• License plate lamp
Do not remove lamp bulbs unless they will be
replaced immediately. If a bulb is removed for an
extended period of time, contaminants may enter
the lamp housings and affect performance.
Replacing headlamp bulbs
To remove the headlamp bulb:
1. Make sure headlamp switch is in OFF position,
then open the hood.
2. At the back of the
headlamp, pull two
retainer pins up to
release the headlamp
assembly.
3. Pull headlamp
assembly forward
disengaging the lamp
from the rear hidden snap retainers to expose the
back of the bulb.
4. Disconnect the
electrical connector
from the bulb by
pulling rearward.
5. Remove the bulb
retaining ring by
rotating it
counterclockwise
(when viewed from the
rear) to free it from
the bulb socket, and slide the ring off the plastic
base. Keep the ring to retain the new bulb.
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Maintenance and care
6. Without turning,
remove the old bulb
from the lamp
assembly by gently
pulling it straight out of
the lamp assembly.
To install the new bulb:
Handle a halogen headlamp bulb carefully
and keep out of children’s reach. Grasp the
bulb only by its plastic base and do not touch the
glass. The oil from your hand could cause the bulb
to break the next time the headlamps are
operated.
1. With the flat side of the new bulb’s plastic base
facing upward, insert the glass end of the bulb into
the lamp assembly. You may need to turn the bulb
left or right to align the grooves in the plastic base
with the tabs in the lamp assembly. When the
grooves are aligned, push the bulb into the lamp
assembly until the plastic base contacts the rear of
the lamp assembly.
2. Install the bulb retaining ring over the plastic base
until it contacts the rear of the socket by rotating
clockwise until you feel a “stop.”
3. Connect the electrical connector into the plastic
base until it snaps, locking it into position.
4. Install the headlamp on vehicle by aligning the
lamp with the rear snap retainers, push to seat and
secure with two retainer pins.
5. Turn the headlamps on and make sure they work
properly. If the headlamp was correctly aligned
before you changed the bulb, you should not need to
align it again.
Replacing front parking lamp/turn signal bulbs
1. Make sure the headlamp control is in the OFF
position.
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Maintenance and care
2. Open the hood.
3. At the back of the
headlamp, pull two
retainer pins up to
release the headlamp
assembly.
4. Pull headlamp
assembly forward
disengaging the lamp
from the rear snap retainers to expose the back of
the bulb.
5. Rotate the bulb
socket
counterclockwise and
remove from lamp
assembly.
6. Carefully pull the
bulb straight out from
the socket and push in
the new bulb.
7. To complete installation, follow the removal
procedure in reverse order.
Replacing high-mount brakelamp bulbs
1. Open trunk.
2. Inside trunk, locate
access hole under the
rear decklid.
3. Remove the bulb
socket by rotating it 45
degrees and pulling it
out of the lamp
assembly.
4. Carefully pull bulb
straight out of socket and push in new bulb.
5. To complete installation, follow the removal
procedure in reverse order.
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Maintenance and care
Replacing foglamp bulbs
The halogen bulb contains gas under pressure.
The bulb may shatter if the glass envelope is
scratched or if the bulb is dropped. Handle the
bulb carefully. Grasp the bulb only by its base.
Avoid touching the glass envelope.
1. Rotate the foglamp
bulb counterclockwise
and remove from
foglamp (the rear side
of the foglamp is
shown).
2. Disconnect the
electrical connector
from the foglamp bulb.
3. Connect the electrical connector to the new
foglamp bulb.
4. Install the foglamp bulb in foglamp by rotating
clockwise.
Replacing license plate lamp bulbs
1. Open trunk and
remove bulb socket
from the trunk lid by
turning
counterclockwise.
2. Pull the bulb straight
out of the socket and
push in the new bulb.
3. Install the bulb socket in trunk lid by turning
clockwise.
Replacing tail lamp/backup bulbs
For bulb replacement, see a dealer or qualified
technician.
Interior bulbs
Check the operation of the following interior bulbs
frequently:
181
Maintenance and care
• interior overhead lamp
• map lamp
For bulb replacement, see a dealer or qualified
technician.
Map lamps
For bulb replacement, see a qualified service
technician or your dealer.
Using the right bulbs
Replacement bulbs are specified in the chart below.
Headlamp bulbs must be marked with an authorized
“D.O.T.” for North America and an “E” for Europe to
assure lamp performance, light brightness and
pattern and safe visibility. The correct bulbs will not
damage the lamp assembly or void the lamp
assembly warranty and will provide quality bulb burn
time.
Function
Trade Number
Tail lamp, brakelamp, turn lamp
3157K
Park lamp, turn lamp, side marker
3157NAK (amber)
(front)
Backup lamp
3156K
License plate lamp
168
High-mount brakelamp
906
Headlamps
9007
Luggage compartment lamp
906
Dome lamp
575
Map lamp
575
Visor vanity lamp
74
Glove compartment
194
Rearview mirror map lamps
192
Fog lamp
899
All replacement bulbs are clear in color except where
noted.
To replace all instrument panel lights - see your dealer.
182
Maintenance and care
AIMING THE HEADLAMPS
The headlamps on your vehicle are properly aimed
at the assembly plant.
If your vehicle has been in an accident the alignment
of your headlamps should be checked by a qualified
service technician.
Vertical aim adjustment
1. Park the vehicle on a level surface approximately
7.6 meters (25 feet) from a vertical wall or screen
directly in front of it.
• (A) Eight feet
• (B) Center height of lamp to ground
• (C) Twenty five feet
• (D) Horizontal reference line
A
D
B
C
1. Measure the height from the center of your
headlamp to the ground and mark an 2.4 meters (8
foot) horizontal reference line on the vertical wall or
screen at this height (a piece of masking tape works
well). The center of the lamp is marked by a 3.0 mm
circle on the headlamp lens.
2. Turn on the low beam headlamps to illuminate the
wall or screen and open the hood.
183
Maintenance and care
3. On the wall or
screen you will observe
a light pattern with a
distinct horizonal edge
of high intensity light.
If this edge is not at
the horizontal reference line, the beam will need to
be adjusted.
4. Locate the vertical adjuster on each headlamp,
then use a 6 mm allen wrench or screwdriver to turn
the adjuster either counterclockwise (to adjust up)
or clockwise (to adjust down) centering the light on
the horizontal reference line.
5. HORIZONTAL AIM IS NOT REQUIRED FOR THIS
VEHICLE AND IS NON-ADJUSTABLE.
6. Close the hood and turn off the lamps.
CLEANING AND CARING FOR YOUR VEHICLE
Refer to the Customer Assistance chapter for a list
of Ford-approved cleaners, polishes and waxes.
Washing your vehicle
Wash your vehicle
regularly with cold or
lukewarm water. Never
use strong detergents
or soap. If your vehicle
is particularly dirty, use
a quality car wash
detergent. Always use a
clean sponge, washing
glove or similar device and plenty of water for best
results. To avoid spots, avoid washing when the
hood is still warm, immediately after or during
exposure to strong sunlight.
During winter months, it is especially important to
wash the vehicle on a regular basis. Large quantities
of dirt and road salt are difficult to remove and also
cause damage to the vehicle.
184
Maintenance and care
Any gasoline spilled on the vehicle or deposits such
as bird droppings should be washed and sponged off
as soon as possible. Deposits not removed promptly
can cause damage to the vehicle’s paintwork.
Remove any exterior accessories, such as antennas,
before entering a car wash. If you have wax applied
to the vehicle at a commercial car wash, it is
recommended that you clean the wiper blades and
windshield as described in Cleaning the wiper
blades and windshield.
After washing, apply the brakes several times to dry
them.
Waxing your vehicle
Waxing your vehicle on a regular basis will reduce
minor scratches and paint damage.
Wax when water stops beading on the surface. This
could be every three or four months, depending on
operating conditions.
Use only carnauba or synthetic-based waxes. Use a
cleaning fluid with a clean cloth to remove any bugs
before waxing your vehicle. Use tar remover to
remove any tar spots.
Avoid getting wax on the windshield, or on any
surfaces which appear coarse or bumpy. If you have
wax applied at a commercial car wash, it is
recommended that you clean the wiper blades and
windshield as described in Cleaning the wiper
blades and windshield.
Repairing paint chips
Minor scratches or paint damage from road debris
may be repaired with the Ultra Touch Prep and
Finishing Kit (#F7AZ-19K507–BA), Lacquer
Touch-up Paint (#ALBZ-19500–XXXXA), or Exterior
Acrylic Spray Lacquer (#ALAZ-19500–XXXXA) from
the Ford Car Care Chemicals line. Please note that
the part numbers (shown as XXXX above) will vary
with your vehicle’s specific coloring. Observe the
application instructions on the products.
185
Maintenance and care
Remove particles such as bird droppings, tree sap,
insect remains, tar spots, road salt and industrial
fallout immediately.
Cleaning the wheels
Wash with the same detergent as the body of your
vehicle. Do not use acid-based or alcohol-based
wheel cleaners, steel wool, fuel or strong detergents.
Never use abrasives that will damage the finish of
special wheel surfaces. Use a tar remover to remove
grease and tar.
The brushes used in some automatic car washes may
damage the finish on your wheels. Before going to a
car wash, find out if the brushes are abrasive.
Cleaning non-painted plastic exterior parts
Use vinyl cleaner for routine cleaning. Clean with a
tar remover if necessary. Do not clean plastic parts
with thinners, solvents or petroleum-based cleaners.
Underbody
Flush the complete underside of vehicle frequently.
Keep body drain holes unplugged. Inspect for road
damage.
Cleaning mirrors
Do not clean your mirrors with a dry cloth or
abrasive materials. Use a soft cloth and mild
detergent and water. Be careful when removing ice
from outside mirrors because you may damage the
reflective surface.
Cleaning the exterior lamps
Wash with the same detergent as the exterior of
your vehicle. If necessary, use a tar remover such as
Ford Extra Strength Tar and Road Oil Remover
(B7A-19520–AA).
To avoid scratching the lamps, do not use a dry
paper towel, chemical solvents or abrasive cleaners.
186
Maintenance and care
Cleaning the wiper blades, windshield and rear
window
If the wiper blades do not wipe properly, clean the
wiper blade rubber element with undiluted
windshield washer solution or a mild detergent. To
avoid damaging the blades, do not use fuel,
kerosene, paint thinner or other solvents.
If the wiper still does not wipe properly, this could
be caused by substances on the windshield or rear
window such as tree sap and some hot wax
treatments used by commercial car washes. Clean
the outside of the windshield or rear window with a
non-abrasive cleaner such as Ford Ultra-Clear Spray
Glass Cleaner, (E4AZ-19C507–AA), available from
your Ford Dealer. Do not use abrasive cleansers on
glass as they may cause scratches. The windshield or
rear window is clean if beads do not form when you
rinse it with water. The windshield, rear window and
wiper blades should be cleaned on a regular basis,
and blades or rubber elements replaced when worn.
Convertible top and padded molding care
To avoid damage to the vinyl top and moldings, use
only an approved Ford cleaner, or equivalent. Do not
use stiff bristle brushes or abrasive materials or
cleaners.
Hot waxes applied by commercial car washes can
affect the cleanability of vinyl material.
Using high water pressure or wand-type car washes
against the convertible top and windows may cause
water leaks and possible seal damage.
Cleaning the engine
Engines are more efficient when they are clean
because grease and dirt buildup keep the engine
warmer than normal. When washing:
• Take care when using a power washer to clean
the engine. The high pressure fluid could
penetrate the sealed parts and cause damage.
187
Maintenance and care
• Do not spray with cold water to avoid cracking
the engine block or other engine components.
• Never apply anything to the drive belt (including
belt dressing).
• Cover the highlighted areas to prevent water
damage when cleaning the engine.
• Never wash or rinse the engine while it is
running; water in the running engine may cause
internal damage.
Cleaning the instrument panel
Clean with a damp cloth, then dry with a dry cloth.
Avoid cleaner or polish that increases the gloss of
the upper portion of the instrument panel. The dull
finish in this area helps protect the driver from
undesirable windshield reflection.
Do not use chemical solvents or strong
detergents when cleaning the steering wheel
or instrument panel to avoid contamination of the
air bag system.
Cleaning the instrument cluster lens
Clean with a damp cloth, then dry with a dry cloth.
Do not use household or glass cleaners as these may
damage the lens.
188
Maintenance and care
Cleaning seats equipped with side air bags
Remove dust and loose dirt with a whisk broom or a
vacuum cleaner. Remove fresh spots immediately.
Follow the directions that come with the cleaner. Do
not saturate the seat cover with upholstery cleaner.
Do not use chemical solvents or strong
detergents when cleaning the seat mounted
side air bag. Such products could contaminate the
side air bag system and affect performance of the
side air bag in a collision.
Woodtone trim
Wipe stains with a soft cloth and a multi-purpose
cleaning solution.
Inside windows
Use Ultra-Clear Spray Glass Cleaner
(E4AZ-19C507–AA) for the inside windows if they
become fogged.
Cleaning and maintaining the safety belts
Clean the safety belts with a mild soap solution
recommended for cleaning upholstery or carpets. Do
not bleach or dye the belts, because these actions
may weaken the belt webbing.
Check the safety belt system periodically to make
sure there are no nicks, wear or cuts. If your vehicle
has been involved in an accident, refer to the Safety
belt maintenance section in the Seating and safety
restraints chapter.
189
Maintenance and care
Cleaning leather seats (if equipped)
To clean, simply use a soft cloth dampened with
water and a mild soap. Wipe the leather again with a
damp cloth to remove soap residue. Dry with a soft
cloth. For tougher soiling concerns, Ford
recommends using the Deluxe Leather Care Kit
F8AZ-19G253–AA, which is available from your Ford
Dealer. This mild cleaner and special pad, cleans the
leather and maintains its natural beauty. Follow the
instructions on the cleaner label. Regular cleaning of
your leather upholstery helps maintain its resiliency
and color.
Do not use household cleaning products,
alcohol solutions, solvents or cleaners intended
for rubber, vinyl or plastics.
Cleaning the interior fabric
Remove dust and loose dirt with a whisk broom or a
vacuum cleaner. Remove fresh spots immediately. Do
not use household or glass cleaners. These agents
can stain and discolor the fabric. Use a mild soap
and water solution if necessary.
190
Capacities and specifications
MOTORCRAFT PART NUMBERS
Component
3.8L OHV V6 engine
4.6L SOHC V8 engine
Air filter element
FA-1611
FA-1634
Fuel filter
FG-800AFG-986
FG-800AFG-986
Battery
BXT-59
BXT-59
Oil filter
FL-400S
FL-820S
PCV valve
EV-152
EV-98
Spark plugs*
AWSF-42EE**
AWSF-32P
* Refer to Vehicle Emissions Control Information (VECI) decal for
spark plug gap information.
**If a spark plug is removed for inspection, it must be reinstalled in
the same cylinder. If a spark plug needs to be replaced, use only spark
plugs with the same service part number suffix letter as shown on the
engine decal.
REFILL CAPACITIES
Fluid
Ford Part Name Application
Capacity
Brake fluid
High Performance All
DOT 3 Motor
Vehicle Brake
Fluid
Fill to line on
reservoir
Engine oil
(includes filter
change)
Motorcraft SAE
5W-30 Super
Premium Motor
Oil
All
4.7L (5.0 quarts)
Engine coolant 1
Premium Engine
Coolant
3.8L OHV V6
engine
11.2L
(11.8 quarts)
4.6L SOHC V8
engine
13.3L
(14.1 quarts)
3.8L OHV V6
engine
Keep in FULL
HOT range on
dispstick
4.6L SOHC V8
engine
Fill to between
MIN and MAX
lines on reservoir
Motorcraft SAE
80W-90 Premium
Rear Axle
Lubricant
7.5 inch axle
1.5L (3.25 pints)
8.8 inch axle
1.7L (3.75 pints)
N/A
All
59.4L
(15.7 gallons)
Power steering
fluid
Rear axle
lubricant 2
Fuel tank
Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF
191
Capacities and specifications
Fluid
Ford Part Name Application
Transmission fluid Motorcraft
3
MERCONtV ATF
Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF
Windshield
washer fluid
Ultra-Clear
Windshield
Washer
Concentrate
Capacity
Automatic with
3.8L OHV V6
engine
13.1L
(13.9 quarts) 4
Automatic with
4.6L SOHC V8
engine
12.0L
(12.8 quarts) 4
Manual with 3.8L
OHV V6 engine
2.6L (5.6 pints) 5
Manual with 4.6L
SOHC V8 engine
3.1L (6.6 pints) 5
All
3.8L (4.0 quarts)
1
Use Ford Premium Engine Coolant (green in color). DO NOT USE
Ford Extended Life Engine Coolant (orange in color). Refer to
Adding engine coolant, in the Maintenance and Care chapter.
2
Rear axle lubricants do not need to be checked or changed unless a
leak is suspected, service is required or the axle assembly has been
submerged in water. The axle lubricant should be changed any time
the rear axle has been submerged in water. Fill 6 mm to 14 mm (1/4
inch to 9/16 inch) below bottom of fill hole. Add 118 ml (4 oz.) of
Additive Friction Modifier C8AZ-19B546-A or equivalent meeting Ford
specification EST-M2C118–A for complete refill of Traction-Lok axles.
3
Ensure the correct automatic transmission fluid is used.
Transmission fluid requirements are indicated on the dipstick or on
the dipstick handle. MERCONt and MERCONt V are not
interchangeable. DO NOT mix MERCONt and MERCONt V. Refer to
your Scheduled Maintenance Guide to determine the correct service
interval.
4
Indicates only approximate dry-fill capacity. Some applications may
vary based on cooler size and if equipped with an in-tank cooler. The
amount of transmission fluid and fluid level should be set by the
indication on the dipstick’s normal operating range.
5
Service refill capacity is determined by filling the transmission to the
bottom of the filler hole with the vehicle on a level surface.
192
Capacities and specifications
LUBRICANT SPECIFICATIONS
Item
Ford part name
Ford part
number
Ford
specification
Brake fluid
High Performance C6AZ-19542-AB
DOT 3 Motor
Vehicle Brake
Fluid
ESA-M6C25-A
and DOT 3
Door
weatherstrips
Silicone Lubricant F7AZ-19G208-BA
and
F5AZ-19553-AA
ESR-M13P4-A
Door latch, hood Multi-Purpose
Grease
latch, auxiliary
hood latch, door
hinges, striker
plates, seat tracks
and fuel filler
door hinge
D0AZ-19584-AA
or
F5AZ-19G209-AA
ESB-M1C93-B or
ESR-M1C159-A
Engine coolant
Ford Premium
Engine Coolant
E2FZ-19549-AA
(in Canada,
Motorcraft
CXC-8-B)
ESE-M97B44-A
Engine oil
Motorcraft SAE
5W-30 Super
Premium Motor
Oil
XO-5W30-QSP
WSS-M2C153-G
with API
Certification Mark
Lock cylinders
Penetrating and
Lock Lubricant
E8AZ-19A501-B
none
Power steering
fluid and
convertible top
fluid (if
equipped)
Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF
XT-2-QM
MERCONt
Rear Axle
Lubricant
Motorcraft SAE
80W-90 Premium
Rear Axle
Lubricant 1
XY-80W90-QL
WSP-M2C197-A
Automatic
transmission fluid
Motorcraft
MERCONtV ATF
XT-5-QM
MERCONtV
XT-2-QDX
MERCONt
Disc brake caliper Silicone Brake
rails
Caliper Grease
and Dielectric
Compound
D7AZ-19A331-A
(Motorcraft
WA-10)
ESE-M1C171-A
Windshield
washer fluid
C9AZ-19550-AC
ESR-M17P5-A
2
Manual
transmission fluid
Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF
Ultra-clear
Windshield
Washer
Concentrate
193
Capacities and specifications
1
Add 118 ml (4 oz.) of Additive Friction Modifier C8AZ-19B546-A or
equivalent meeting Ford specification EST-M2C118-A for complete
refill of Traction-Lok axles.
Ford design rear axles contain a synthetic lubricant that does not
require changing unless the axle has been submerged in water.
2
Ensure the correct automatic transmission fluid is used.
Transmission fluid requirements are indicated on the dipstick or on
the dipstick handle. MERCONt and MERCONt V are not
interchangeable. DO NOT mix MERCONt and MERCONt V. Refer to
your Scheduled Maintenance Guide to determine the correct service
interval.
ENGINE DATA
Engine
3.8L OHV V6 engine
4.6L SOHC V8 engine
Cubic inches
232
281
Required fuel
87 octane
87 octane
Firing order
1-4-2-5-3-6
1-3-7-2-6-5-4-8
Spark plug gap
1.3-1.4 mm
(0.052-00.056 inch)
1.3-1.4 mm
(0.052-00.056 inch)
Ignition system
EDIS
Coil on plug
Compression ratio
9.4:1
9.0:1
VEHICLE DIMENSIONS
1
2
Vehicle dimensions
Coupe mm (in)
(1) Overall length
4 653.3 (183.2)
4 653.3 (183.2)
(2) Overall width
1 856.7 (73.1)
1 856.7 (73.1)
(3) Overall height
1 348.7 (53.1)
1 351.3 (53.2)
(4) Wheelbase
2 573.0 (101.3)
2 573.0 (101.3)
(5) Track - Front
1 534.2 (60.4) 1
1 534.2 (60.4) 1
(5) Track - Rear
1 539.2 (60.6) 2
1 539.2 (60.6) 2
1 521.5 mm (59.9 in) for Mustang GT
1 526.5 mm (60.1 in) for Mustang GT
194
Convertible mm (in)
Capacities and specifications
3
5
2
4
1
195
Capacities and specifications
IDENTIFYING YOUR VEHICLE
Certification label
The National Highway
MFD. BY FORD MOTOR CO. IN U.S.A.
DATE: XXXXX
GVWR:XXXXXXXXXXXX
Traffic Safety
FRONT GAWR: XXXXXX/XXXXXXX
REAR GAWR: XXXXXXX/XXXXXXX
Administration
THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICABLE FEDERAL
MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY, BUMPER, AND THEFT PRERegulations require
VENTION STANDARDS IN EFFECT ON THE DATE OF
MANUFACTURE SHOWN ABOVE.
that a Certification
VIN: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXX
TYPE: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXX
Label be affixed to a
vehicle and prescribe
where the Certification
EXT PNT: XXXXXX XXXXXX
RC: XX
DSO: XXXX
BAR INT TR TP/PS R AXLE TR SPR
Label may be located.
X
XX
XXX X
XX
X XXXX
UPC ∇F85B-1520472-AB
The Certification Label
is located on the front
door latch pillar on the driver’s side.
Vehicle identification number
The vehicle
identification number
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
is attached to a metal
tag and is located on
the driver side
instrument panel.
(Please note that in
the graphic XXXX is
representative of your
vehicle identification
number.)
Engine number
The engine number (the last eight numbers of the
vehicle identification number) is stamped on the
engine block and transmission.
196
Customer assistance
Ford Extended Service Plan
You can get more protection for your new car or
light truck by purchasing Ford Extended Service
Plan (Ford ESP) coverage. Ford ESP is an optional
service contract which is backed by Ford Motor
Company or Ford Motor Service Company (in the
U.S.) and Ford of Canada (in Canada). It provides
the following:
• benefits during the warranty period depending on
the plan you purchase (such as: reimbursement
for rentals; coverage for certain maintenance and
wear items)
• protection against repair costs after your Bumper
to Bumper Warranty expires
You may purchase Ford ESP from any participating
Ford and Lincoln/ Mercury and Ford of Canada
dealer. There are several plans available in various
time, distance and deductible combinations which
can be tailored to fit your own driving needs. Ford
ESP also offers reimbursement benefits for towing
and rental coverage. (In Hawaii, rules vary. See your
dealer for details.)
When you buy Ford ESP, you receive Peace-of-Mind
protection throughout the United States and Canada,
provided by a network of more than 5,000
participating Ford or Lincoln/Mercury and Ford of
Canada dealers.
If you did not take advantage of the Ford Extended
Service Plan at the time of purchasing your vehicle,
you may still be eligible. Please contact your dealer
for further information. Since this information is
subject to change, please ask your dealer for
complete details about Ford Extended Service Plan
coverage options.
197
Customer assistance
Getting the service you need
At home
Ford Motor Company and Ford of Canada have
authorized dealerships to service your vehicle. When
you need warranty repairs your selling dealer would
like you to return to it for that service, but you may
also take your vehicle to another Ford Motor
Company or Ford of Canada dealership authorized
for warranty repairs. Certain warranty repairs
require special training though, so not all dealers are
authorized to perform all warranty repairs. That
means that depending on the warranty repair
needed, the vehicle may need to be taken to another
dealer. If a particular dealership can not assist you,
then contact the Customer Assistance Center.
If you have questions or concerns, or are unsatisfied
with the service you are receiving, follow these
steps:
1. Contact your Sales Representative or Service
Advisor at your selling/servicing dealership.
2. If your inquiry or concern remains unresolved,
contact the Sales Manager or Service Manager at the
dealership.
3. If the inquiry or concern cannot be resolved at
the dealership level, please contact the Ford
Customer Assistance Center.
Ford Motor Company and Ford of Canada
dealerships also carry quality parts and accessories,
providing you with equipment reliability.
Away from home
If you own a Ford or Mercury vehicle and are away
from home when your vehicle needs service, or if
you need more help than the dealership could
provide, after following the steps described above,
contact the Ford Customer Assistance Center to find
an authorized dealership to help you. In the United
States:
198
Customer assistance
Ford Motor Company
Customer Assistance Center
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
P.O. Box 6248
Dearborn, Michigan 48121
1-800-392-3673 (FORD)
(TDD for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952)
In Canada:
Customer Assistance Centre
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited
P.O. Box 2000
Oakville, Ontario L6J 5E4
1-800-565-3673 (FORD)
If you own a Lincoln vehicle and are away from home
when your vehicle needs service, or if you need more
help than the dealership could provide, after following
the steps described above, contact the Ford
Customer Assistance Center to find an authorized
dealership to help you. In the United States:
Ford Motor Company
Customer Assistance Center
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
P.O. Box 6248
Dearborn, Michigan 48121
1-800-521-4140
(TDD for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952)
In Canada:
Customer Assistance Centre
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited
P.O. Box 2000
Oakville, Ontario L6J 5E4
1-800-565-3673 (FORD)
In order to help you service your Ford or Lincoln
Mercury vehicle, please have the following
information available when contacting a Customer
Assistance Center:
• Your telephone number (home and business)
• The name of the dealer and the city where the
dealership is located
199
Customer assistance
• The year and make of your vehicle
• The date of vehicle purchase
• The current odometer reading
• The vehicle identification number (VIN)
If you still have a complaint involving a warranty
dispute, you may wish to contact the Dispute
Settlement Board (U.S.) or the Mediation/Arbitration
Program (Canada).
In some states (in the U.S.) you must directly notify
Ford in writing before pursuing remedies under your
state’s warranty laws. Ford is also allowed a final
repair attempt in some states.
In the United States, a warranty dispute must be
submitted to the Dispute Settlement Board before
taking action under the Magnuson-Moss Warranty
Act, or to the extent allowed by state law, before
pursuing replacement or repurchase remedies
provided by certain state laws. This dispute handling
procedure is not required prior to enforcing state
created rights or other rights which are independent
of the Magnuson-Moss Warranty Act or state
replacement or repurchase laws.
THE DISPUTE SETTLEMENT BOARD
(U.S. ONLY)
The Dispute Settlement Board is:
• an independent, third-party arbitration program
for warranty disputes
• available free to owners and lessees of qualifying
Ford Motor Company vehicles
The Dispute Settlement Board may not be available
in all states. Ford Motor Company reserves the right
to change eligibility limitations, modify procedures
and/or to discontinue this service without notice and
without incurring obligations per applicable state
law.
200
Customer assistance
What kinds of cases does the Board review?
Unresolved warranty repair concerns or vehicle
performance as designed concerns on Ford and
Lincoln Mercury cars and Ford and Lincoln Mercury
light trucks which are within the terms of any
applicable written new vehicle warranty are eligible
for review, except those involving:
• a non-Ford product
• a non-Ford dealership
• sales disputes between customer and dealer
except those associated with warranty repairs or
concerns with the vehicle’s performance as
designed
• a request for reimbursement of consequential
expenses unless a service or product concern is
being reviewed
• items not covered by the New Vehicle Limited
Warranty (including maintenance and wear items)
• alleged personal injury/property damage claims
• cases currently in litigation
• vehicles not used primarily for family, personal or
household purposes (except in states where the
Dispute Settlement Board is required to review
commercial vehicles)
• vehicles with non-U.S. warranties
Concerns are ineligible for review if the New Vehicle
Limited Warranty has expired at receipt of your
application and, in certain states eligibility is
dependent upon the customer’s possession of the
vehicle.
Eligibility may differ according to state law. For
example, see the unique brochures for California,
West Virginia, Georgia and Wisconsin
purchasers/lessees.
201
Customer assistance
Board membership
The Board consists of:
• three consumer representatives
• a Ford or Lincoln Mercury dealership
representative
Consumer candidates for Board membership are
recruited and trained by an independent consulting
firm. The dealership Board member is chosen from
Ford and Lincoln Mercury dealership management,
recognized for their business leadership qualities.
What the Board needs
To have your case reviewed you must complete the
application in the DSB brochure and mail it to the
address provided on the application form. Some
states will require you to use certified mail, with
return receipt requested.
Your application is reviewed and, if it is determined
to be eligible, you will receive an acknowledgment
indicating:
• the file number assigned to your application
• the toll-free phone number of the DSB’s
independent administrator
Your dealership and a Ford Motor Company
representative will then be asked to submit
statements.
To properly review your case, the Board needs the
following information:
• legible copies of all documents and maintenance
or repair orders relevant to the case
• the year, make, model, and Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN) listed on your vehicle ownership
license
• the date of repair(s) and mileage at the time of
occurrence(s)
• the current mileage
202
Customer assistance
• the name of the dealer(s) who sold or serviced
the vehicle
• a brief description of your unresolved concern
• a brief summary of the action taken by the
dealer(s) and Ford Motor Company
• the names (if known) of all the people you
contacted at the dealership(s)
• a description of the action you expect to resolve
your concern
You will receive a letter of explanation if your
application does not qualify for Board review.
Oral presentations
If you would like to make an oral presentation,
indicate YES to question #6 on the application.
While it is your right to make an oral presentation
before the Board, this is not a requirement and the
Board will decide the case whether or not an oral
presentation is made. Oral presentation may be
requested by the Board as well.
Making a decision
Board members review all available information
related to each complaint, including oral
presentations, and arrive at a fair and impartial
decision. Board review may be terminated at any
time by either party.
Every effort is made to decide the case within 40
days of the date that all requested information is
received by the Board. Since the Board generally
meets once a month, it may take longer for the
Board to consider some cases.
After a case is reviewed, the Board mails you a
decision letter and a form on which to accept or
reject the Board’s decision. The decisions of the
Board are binding on Ford (and, in some cases, on
the dealer) but not on consumers who are free to
pursue other remedies available to them under state
or federal law.
203
Customer assistance
To Request a DSB Brochure/Application
For a brochure/application, speak to your dealer or
write/call to the Board at the following
address/phone number:
Dispute Settlement Board
P.O. Box 5120
Southfield, MI 48086–5120
1–800–428–3718
You may also contact the North American Customer
Assistance Center at 1-800-392-3673 (Ford), TDD
for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952 or by
writing to the Center at the following address:
Ford Motor Company
Customer Assistance Center
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
P.O. Box 6248
Dearborn, Michigan 48121
UTILIZING THE MEDIATION/ARBITRATION
PROGRAM (CANADA ONLY)
In those cases where you continue to feel that the
efforts by Ford and the dealer to resolve a
factory-related vehicle service concern have been
unsatisfactory, Ford of Canada participates in an
impartial third party mediation/arbitration program
administered by the Canadian Motor Vehicle
Arbitration Plan (CAMVAP).
The CAMVAP program is a straight-forward and
relatively speedy alternative to resolve a
disagreement when all other efforts to produce a
settlement have failed. This procedure is without
cost to you and is designed to eliminate the need for
lengthy and expensive legal proceedings.
In the CAMVAP program, impartial third-party
arbitrators conduct hearings at mutually convenient
times and places in an informal environment. These
impartial arbitrators review the positions of the
parties, make decisions and, when appropriate,
render awards to resolve disputes. CAMVAP
204
Customer assistance
decisions are fast, fair, and final; the arbitrator’s
award is binding both to you and Ford of Canada.
CAMVAP services are available in all territories and
provinces, except Quebec. For more information,
without charge or obligation, call your CAMVAP
Provincial Administrator directly at 1-800-207-0685.
GETTING ASSISTANCE OUTSIDE THE U.S. AND
CANADA
Before exporting your vehicle to a foreign country,
contact the appropriate foreign embassy or
consulate. These officials can inform you of local
vehicle registration regulations and where to find
unleaded fuel.
If you cannot find unleaded fuel or can only get fuel
with an anti-knock index lower than is
recommended for your vehicle, contact a district or
owner relations/customer assistance office.
The use of leaded fuel in your vehicle without
proper conversion may damage the effectiveness of
your emission control system and may cause engine
knocking or serious engine damage. Ford Motor
Company/Ford of Canada is not responsible for any
damage caused by use of improper fuel.
In the United States, using leaded fuel may also
result in difficulty importing your vehicle back into
the U.S.
205
Customer assistance
If your vehicle must be serviced while you are
traveling or living in Central or South America, the
Caribbean, or the Middle East, contact the nearest
Ford dealership. If the dealership cannot help you,
write or call:
FORD MOTOR COMPANY
WORLDWIDE DIRECT MARKET OPERATIONS
1555 Fairlane Drive
Fairlane Business Park #3
Allen Park, Michigan 48101
U.S.A.
Telephone: (313) 594-4857
FAX: (313) 390-0804
If you are in another foreign country, contact the
nearest Ford dealership. If the dealership employees
cannot help you, they can direct you to the nearest
Ford affiliate office.
If you buy your vehicle in North America and then
relocate outside of the U.S. or Canada, register your
vehicle identification number (VIN) and new address
with Ford Motor Company Worldwide Direct Market
Operations.
FORD CAR CARE PRODUCTS FOR YOUR
VEHICLE
Ford has many quality products available from your
dealer to clean your vehicle and protect its finishes.
These quality products have been specifically
engineered to fulfill your automotive needs; they are
custom designed to complement the style and
appearance of your vehicle. Each product is made
from high quality materials and that meet or exceed
Ford’s rigid specifications. For best results, use the
following or products of equivalent quality:
Ford Custom Clearcoat Polish*
Ford Custom Silicone Gloss Polish
Ford Custom Vinyl Protectant* (not available in
Canada)
Motorcraft Vinyl Conditioner (Canada only)
206
Customer assistance
Ford Deluxe Leather and Vinyl Cleaner (not
available in Canada)
Motorcraft Vinyl Cleaner (Canada only)
Ford Extra Strength Tar and Road Oil Remover*
(not available in Canada)
Ford Extra Strength Upholstery Cleaner (Canada
only)
Ford Extra Strength Upholstery Cleaner (not
available in Canada)
Ford Metal Surface Cleaner
Ford Multi-Purpose Cleaner*
Motorcraft Car Wash Concentrate
Motorcraft Carlite Glass Cleaner
Ford Spot and Stain Remover*
Ford Super Premium Tire and Trim Dressing
Ford Triple Clean
Ford Ultra-Clear Spray Glass Cleaner (not available
in Canada)
* May be sold with the Motorcraft name
FORD ACCESSORIES FOR YOUR VEHICLE
A wide selection of Ford accessories are available for
your vehicle through your local authorized Ford,
Lincoln Mercury or Ford of Canada dealer. These
quality accessories have been specifically engineered
to fulfill your automotive needs; they are custom
designed to complement the style and aerodynamic
appearance of your vehicle. In addition, each
accessory is made from high quality materials and
meets or exceeds Ford’s rigid engineering and safety
specifications. Ford accessories are warranted for up
to 12 months or 20 000 km (12 000 miles) on all
cars and light trucks and 12 months with unlimited
distance on medium/heavy duty trucks unless the
accessory is installed on a new vehicle, then the
warranty becomes the balance of the new vehicle’s
warranty or the accessories warranty, whichever is
207
Customer assistance
greater. See your dealer for complete warranty
information and availability.
Not all accessories are available for all models.
Vehicle Security
Styled wheel protector locks
Vehicle security systems
Comfort and convenience
Ash Cup
Cargo nets
Cargo organizers
Dash trim
Electrochromic mirror with compass
Electrochromic mirror with compass and
temperature display
Engine block heaters
Travel equipment
Auto headlamps with daytime running lights (DRL)
Cassette holder
Daytime running lights (DRL)
Fog lights
Heavy-duty battery
Removable luggage rack
Removable luggage rack adapters
Soft luggage cover
Speed control
Protection and appearance equipment
Air bag anti-theft locks
Cargo liners, interior
Carpet floor mats
208
Customer assistance
Cleaners, waxes and polishes
Flat splash guards
Front end covers (full and mini)
Lubricants and oils
Molded splash guards
Molded vinyl floor mats
Seat belt extenders
Tonneau covers (mini)
Touch-up paint
Universal floor mats
For maximum vehicle performance, keep the
following information in mind when adding
accessories or equipment to your vehicle:
• When adding accessories, equipment, passengers
and luggage to your vehicle, do not exceed the
total weight capacity of the vehicle or of the front
or rear axle (GVWR or GAWR as indicated on the
Safety compliance certification label). Consult
your dealer for specific weight information.
• The Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
and Canadian Radio Telecommunications
Commission (CRTC) regulate the use of mobile
communications systems - such as two-way
radios, telephones and theft alarms - that are
equipped with radio transmitters. Any such
equipment installed in your vehicle should comply
with FCC or CRTC regulations and should be
installed only by a qualified service technician.
• Mobile communications systems may harm the
operation of your vehicle, particularly if they are
not properly designed for automotive use or are
not properly installed. When operated, such
systems may cause the engine to stumble or stall.
In addition, such systems may be damaged or
their performance may be affected by operating
your vehicle. (Citizens band [CB] transceivers,
209
Customer assistance
garage door openers and other transmitters with
outputs of five watts or less will not ordinarily
affect your vehicle’s operation.)
• Ford cannot assume responsibility for any adverse
effects or damage that may result from the use of
such equipment.
ORDERING ADDITIONAL OWNER’S
LITERATURE
To order the publications in this portfolio:
Make checks payable to:
HELM, INCORPORATED
P.O. Box 07150
Detroit, Michigan 48207
For a free publication catalog, order toll free:
1-800-782-4356
Monday-Friday 8:00 a.m. - 6:00 p.m. EST,
for credit card holders only
Obtaining a French owner’s guide
French Owner’s Guides can be obtained from your
dealer or by writing to Ford Motor Company of
Canada, Limited, Service Publications, P.O. Box
1580, Station B, Mississauga, Ontario L4Y 4G3.
210
Reporting safety defects
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS (U.S. ONLY)
If you believe that your
vehicle has a defect
that could cause a
crash, or could cause
injury or death, you
should immediately
inform the National
Highway Traffic Safety
Administration
(NHTSA) in addition to notifying Ford Motor
Company.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open
an investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect
exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a recall
and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot
become involved in individual problems between
you, your dealer or Ford Motor Company.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto
Safety Hotline toll-free at 1–800–424–9393
(202–366–0123 in the Washington D.C. area) or
write to:
NHTSA
U.S. Department of Transportation
400 Seventh Street
Washington D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the Hotline.
211
Index
Air bag supplemental
restraint system ... 75,76
and child
safety seats ............. 77
description .............. 76
disposal .................... 80
driver air bag .......... 78
indicator light ...... 9,80
operation ................. 78
passenger air bag ... 78
Air cleaner filter ..... 191
Air conditioning ........ 20
manual heating
and air conditioning
system ..................... 20
Antifreeze (see
Engine coolant) ...... 143
Anti-lock brake system
(see Brakes) ......... 95,96
Anti-theft system
warning light ............. 9
Audio system
(see Radio) ................ 23
Automatic
transmission ............ 100
driving an automatic
overdrive ............... 102
fluid, adding .......... 153
fluid, checking ...... 153
fluid,
refill capacities ...... 191
fluid,
specification .......... 194
Auxiliary
power point ............... 52
Axle
lubricant
specifications .. 193,194
refill capacities ...... 191
traction lok ............ 109
Battery ..................... 157
212
acid, treating
emergencies .......... 157
charging system
warning light ............. 9
jumping a disabled
battery ................... 128
maintenance-free .. 157
replacement,
specifications ........ 191
servicing ................ 157
voltage gauge .......... 16
Belt minder ............... 71
Brakes ................... 95,97
anti-lock .............. 95,96
anti-lock brake
system (ABS)
warning light ...... 12,96
brake
warning light ........... 12
fluid, checking
and adding ............ 141
fluid,
refill capacities ...... 191
fluid,
specifications .. 193,194
lubricant
specifications .. 193,194
parking .................... 97
shift interlock ........ 100
Break-in period ........... 3
Capacities for
refilling fluids .......... 191
Certification Label .. 196
Child safety
restraints ................... 81
child safety belts .... 81
Child
safety seats ........... 82,83
attaching with
tether straps ........... 87
in front seat ............ 84
in rear seat .............. 84
Index
Cleaning
your vehicle ............. 184
engine
compartment ......... 187
exterior ........... 185,186
exterior lamps ....... 186
instrument panel .. 188
instrument
panel lens .............. 188
interior ............ 189,190
mirrors ................... 186
plastic parts .......... 186
safety belts ............ 189
washing .................. 184
waxing ................... 185
wheels .................... 186
windows ................ 189
wiper blades .......... 187
woodtone trim ...... 189
Climate control
(see Air conditioning
or Heating) ................ 20
Clock .......................... 34
Clutch
adjusting ................ 142
operation
while driving ......... 106
recommended
shift speeds ........... 107
Console ...................... 47
Controls
power seat ............... 63
Convertible ................ 48
cleaning ................. 187
installation
of the boot .............. 49
lowering the
convertible top ........ 48
raising the
convertible top ........ 51
Coolant
checking
and adding ............ 143
low coolant light ..... 12
refill
capacities ........ 150,191
specifications .. 193,194
Cruise control (see
Speed control) .......... 42
Customer
Assistance ................ 116
Ford accessories for
your vehicle .......... 206
Ford Extended
Service Plan .......... 197
Getting assistance
outside the U.S.
and Canada ........... 205
Getting roadside
assistance .............. 116
Getting the service
you need ............... 198
Ordering
additional owner’s
literature ............... 210
The Dispute
Settlement
Board ..................... 200
Utilizing the
Mediation/
Arbitration
Program ................. 204
Daytime running
lamps (see Lamps) ... 18
Defrost
rear window ............ 19
Dipstick
automatic
transmission fluid ... 153
engine oil ............... 137
213
Index
Doors
lubricant
specifications ........ 193
Driving under special
conditions
through water ....... 115
Emergencies, roadside
jump-starting ........ 128
Emission
control system ......... 175
Engine ...................... 194
check engine/service
engine soon light ...... 9
cleaning ................. 187
coolant ................... 143
idle speed
control ................... 157
lubrication
specifications .. 193,194
refill capacities ...... 191
service points .. 136,137
starting after a
collision ................. 117
Engine block heater ... 93
Engine oil ................ 137
checking
and adding ............ 137
dipstick .................. 137
filter,
specifications .. 140,191
recommendations ... 140
refill capacities ...... 191
specifications .. 193,194
Exhaust fumes .......... 93
Floor mats ................. 53
Fluid capacities ....... 191
Foglamps ................... 48
Fuel .......................... 165
calculating fuel
economy ................ 171
cap ......................... 168
capacity ................. 191
214
choosing
the right fuel ......... 169
comparisons with
EPA fuel economy
estimates ............... 175
detergent in fuel ... 170
filling your vehicle
with fuel .. 165,168,171
filter,
specifications .. 171,191
fuel pump shut-off
switch .................... 117
gauge ....................... 14
improving fuel
economy ................ 171
low fuel
warning light ........... 11
octane rating .. 169,194
quality .................... 170
running
out of fuel ............. 170
safety information
relating to
automotive fuels ... 165
Fuses ................. 118,119
Gas cap
(see Fuel cap) ......... 168
Gas mileage (see
Fuel economy) ........ 171
Gauges .................. 13,14
battery
voltage gauge .......... 16
engine coolant
temperature
gauge ....................... 14
engine oil
pressure gauge ....... 17
fuel gauge ................ 14
odometer ................. 15
speedometer ........... 15
tachometer .............. 15
trip odometer .......... 16
Index
GAWR (Gross Axle
Weight Rating) ........ 109
definition ............... 109
driving with
a heavy load .......... 109
location .................. 109
GVWR (Gross Vehicle
Weight Rating) ........ 109
calculating ............. 109
definition ............... 109
driving with
a heavy load .......... 109
location .................. 109
Hazard flashers ....... 117
Head restraints ......... 62
Headlamps ................. 18
aiming .................... 183
bulb
specifications ........ 182
daytime
running lights .......... 18
flash to pass ............ 41
high beam ............ 8,18
replacing bulbs ..... 178
turning on and off .. 18
warning chime ........ 13
Heating ...................... 20
heating and air
conditioning
system ..................... 20
Hood ........................ 135
Ignition ..................... 194
positions of the
ignition .................... 41
removing the key .. 109
Infant seats (see
Safety seats) ........ 82,83
Inspection/maintenance
(I/M) testing ............ 177
Instrument panel
cleaning ................. 188
cluster ................. 8,188
lighting up panel
and interior ............. 19
location of
components ............... 8
Jump-starting
your vehicle ............. 128
Keys
key in
ignition chime ......... 13
positions of the
ignition .................... 41
removing from
the ignition ............ 109
Lamps
bulb replacement
specifications
chart ...................... 182
cargo lamps ............. 19
daytime
running light ........... 18
fog lamps ................. 48
headlamps ........ 18,178
headlamps,
flash to pass ............ 41
instrument panel,
dimming ................... 19
interior
lamps ......... 45,181,182
replacing bulbs ..... 177
178,179,180,181
Lane change indicator
(see Turn signal) ...... 40
Lights, warning and
indicator ...................... 8
air bag ........................ 9
anti-lock
brakes (ABS) ..... 12,96
anti-theft ................... 9
brake ........................ 12
charging system ........ 9
check coolant .......... 12
high beam ................. 8
215
Index
low fuel .................... 11
overdrive off ............ 11
safety belt ................. 8
service engine soon .. 9
traction
control active .......... 12
turn signal
indicator .................... 8
Load limits ............... 109
GAWR .................... 109
GVWR .................... 109
trailer towing ........ 109
Locks
doors ........................ 47
Lubricant
specifications .... 193,194
Lug nuts,
anti-theft .................. 127
Lumbar support,
seats ........................... 64
Manual
transmission ............ 106
fluid capacities ...... 191
lubricant
specifications ........ 194
reverse ................... 108
Mirrors
cleaning ................. 186
side view mirrors
(power) ................... 47
Motorcraft
parts .................. 171,191
Octane rating .......... 169
Odometer ................... 15
Oil
(see Engine oil) ...... 137
Overdrive ............ 52,102
Panic alarm feature,
remote
entry system .............. 55
Parking brake ............ 97
216
Parts (see
Motorcraft parts) .... 191
Power distribution
box (see Fuses) ...... 122
Power door locks ...... 47
Power steering ........ 100
fluid, checking and
adding .................... 151
fluid,
refill capacity ........ 191
fluid,
specifications .. 193,194
Radio .......................... 23
Relays ...................... 118
Remote
entry system ......... 53,55
illuminated entry .... 55
locking/unlocking
doors ........................ 54
opening the trunk ... 54
panic alarm ............. 55
replacement/
additional
transmitters ............. 56
replacing
the batteries ............ 56
Safety belts
(see Safety
restraints) ............. 13,65
67,68,69
Safety defects,
reporting .................. 211
Safety
restraints .... 65,67,68,69
belt minder ............. 71
cleaning the safety
belts .................. 74,189
extension
assembly .................. 70
for adults ....... 67,68,69
for children ........ 80,81
Index
warning light and
chime ............... 8,13,70
Safety seats
for children ........... 82,83
Seat belts (see Safety
restraints) .................. 65
Seats .......................... 62
child safety
seats .................... 82,83
cleaning .......... 189,190
easy access/easyout
feature ..................... 64
SecuriLock passive
anti-theft
system .............. 57,58,59
Servicing
your vehicle ............. 133
Spark plugs,
specifications .... 191,194
Special notice .............. 3
Specification chart,
lubricants .......... 193,194
Speed control ............ 42
Speedometer ............. 15
Starting
your vehicle ..... 90,91,92
jump starting ........ 128
Steering wheel
tilting ....................... 41
Tachometer ............... 15
Tires .... 124,160,161,162
changing ......... 124,125
checking
the pressure .......... 162
replacing ................ 163
rotating .................. 163
snow tires
and chains ............. 164
tire grades ............. 162
treadwear .............. 161
Towing ..................... 162
recreational
towing .................... 114
trailer towing ........ 112
wrecker .................. 132
Traction control ... 52,98
active light .............. 12
Traction-lok
rear axle .................. 109
Transmission
automatic
operation ............... 100
fluid, checking and
adding
(automatic) ........... 153
fluid, checking and
adding (manual) ... 156
fluid,
refill capacities ...... 191
lubricant
specifications .. 193,194
manual operation .. 106
Trip odometer ........... 16
Trunk ......................... 60
remote release ... 40,54
Turn signal ............. 8,40
Vehicle
dimensions ............... 194
Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN) ......... 196
Vehicle loading ........ 109
Ventilating
your vehicle ............... 94
Warning chimes ......... 13
Warning lights
(see Lights) ................. 8
Washer fluid ............ 143
Water,
Driving through ....... 115
Windows
power ....................... 46
217
Index
Windshield washer fluid
and wipers
checking and adding
fluid ........................ 143
checking
and cleaning .......... 159
218
operation ................. 40
replacing
wiper blades .......... 160
Wrecker towing ....... 132
219
220
221
222
Filling station information
Item
Required fuel
Fuel tank capacity
Engine oil capacity
(includes filter
change)
Tire size and
pressure
Hood release
Coolant
capacity-3.8L OHV
V6 engine 1
Coolant capacity4.6L SOHC V8
engine 1
Power steering fluid
capacity
Manual transmission
fluid capacity-3.8L
OHV V6 engine 2
Manual transmission
fluid capacity-4.6L
SOHC V8 engine 2
Automatic
transmission fluid
capacity-3.8L OHV
V6 engine 2
Automatic
transmission fluid
capacity-4.6L SOHC
V8 engine 2
Windshield washer
fluid
Information
Unleaded fuel only - 87 octane
59.4L (15.7 gallons)
4.7L (5.0 quarts). Use Motorcraft SAE
5W-30 Super Premium Motor Oil,
Ford specification WSS-M2C153-G
See label on inside of glove box door.
Pull handle under the left side of the
instrument panel.
11.2L (11.8 quarts)
13.3L (14.1 quarts)
Fill to line on reservoir or dipstick.
Use Motorcraft MERCONt ATF.
2.6L (5.6 pints). Use Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF. 3
3.1L (6.6 pints). Use Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF. 3
13.1L (13.9 quarts). Use Motorcraft
MERCONtV ATF. 4
12.0L (12.8 quarts). Use Motorcraft
MERCONtV ATF. 4
3.8L (4.0 quarts). Use Ultra-Clear
Windshield Washer Concentrate.
1
Use Ford Premium Engine Coolant (green in color). DO NOT USE
Ford Extended Life Engine Coolant (orange in color). Refer to
Adding engine coolant, in the Maintenance and Care chapter.
2
Ensure the correct automatic transmission fluid is used.
Transmission fluid requirements are indicated on the dipstick or on
the dipstick handle. MERCONt and MERCONt V are not
interchangeable. DO NOT mix MERCONt and MERCONt V. Refer to
your Scheduled Maintenance Guide to determine the correct service
interval.
223
Filling station information
3
Service refill capacity is determined by filling the transmission to the
bottom of the filler hole with the vehicle on a level surface.
4
Indicates only approximate dry-fill capacity. Some applications may
vary based on cooler size and if equipped with in-tank cooler. The
amount of transmission fluid and fluid level should be set by the
indication on the dipstick’s normal operating range.
224
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