dual band fm transceiver ft-7800r

dual band fm transceiver ft-7800r
DUAL BAND FM TRANSCEIVER
FT-7800R
OPERATING MANUAL
VERTEX STANDARD CO., LTD.
4-8-8 Nakameguro, Meguro-Ku, Tokyo 153-8644, Japan
VERTEX STANDARD
US Headquarters
10900 Walker Street, Cypress, CA 90630, U.S.A.
YAESU EUROPE B.V.
P.O. Box 75525, 1118 ZN Schiphol, The Netherlands
YAESU UK LTD.
Unit 12, Sun Valley Business Park, Winnall Close
Winchester, Hampshire, SO23 0LB, U.K.
VERTEX STANDARD HK LTD.
Unit 5, 20/F., Seaview Centre, 139-141 Hoi Bun Road,
Kwun Tong, Kowloon, Hong Kong
Contents
Introduction ...................................................... 1
Specifications .................................................... 2
Accessories & Options ..................................... 3
Supplied Accessories ..................................... 3
Optional Accessories ...................................... 3
Installation ........................................................ 4
Preliminary Inspection ................................... 4
Installation Tips .............................................. 4
Safety Information ......................................... 5
Antenna Considerations ................................. 6
Mobile Installation ......................................... 8
Mobile Power Connections ........................ 9
Mobile Speakers ........................................ 9
Base Station Installation .......................... 10
AC Power Supplies .................................. 10
Packet Radio Terminal Node Controller .... 10
Front Panel Controls & Switches ................. 12
Side Panel Connection & Knob .................... 14
LCD .............................................................. 14
Rear Panel Connections ................................ 15
MH-48A6J Microphone ................................... 16
MH-42B6JS Microphone ................................. 18
Basic Operation .............................................. 20
Turning the Transceiver On and Off ........... 20
Adjusting the Audio Volume Level and
Squelch Setting ........................................ 20
Selecting the Operating Band ...................... 20
Frequency Navigation .................................. 21
Transmission ................................................ 22
Changing the Transmitter Power Level ... 22
Advanced Operation ...................................... 23
Lock Feature ................................................. 23
Keyboard Beeper .......................................... 23
Display Brightness ....................................... 24
RF Squelch ................................................... 24
Channel Step Selection ................................ 25
Receiving Mode Selection ........................... 25
Repeater Operation ........................................ 26
Repeater Shifts ............................................. 26
Automatic Repeater Shift (ARS) ................. 26
Manual Repeater Shift Activation ............... 27
Changing the Default Repeater Shift ...... 27
CTCSS/DCS Operation ................................. 28
CTCSS Operation ........................................ 28
DCS Operation ............................................. 29
Tone Search Scanning ................................. 30
Split Tone Operation .................................... 31
Memory Operation ........................................ 32
Regular Memory Channel Operation ........... 32
Memory Storage ....................................... 32
To Append an Alpha-numeric “Tag”
to a Memory ......................................... 33
Storing Independent
Transmit Frequencies (“Odd Splits”) ..... 33
Memory Recall ......................................... 34
Memory Offset Tuning ............................ 34
Deleting Memories .................................. 35
HOME Channel Memory ........................ 35
Memory Bank Operation ......................... 36
Memory Only Mode ................................ 37
Hyper Memory Channel Operation ............. 38
Hyper Memory Storage ............................ 38
Hyper Memory Recall .............................. 38
Weather Broadcast Channel Operation ....... 39
Scanning .......................................................... 40
Setting the Scan-Resume Technique ........... 40
VFO Scanning .............................................. 41
Memory Scanning ........................................ 42
How to Skip (Omit) a Channel
During Memory Scan Operation ............. 42
Preferential Memory Scan ....................... 43
Memory Bank Scan ................................. 44
Weather Alert Scan .................................. 44
Programmable (Band Limit) Memory Scan ... 45
“Priority Channel” Scanning (Dual Watch) ... 46
VFO Priority ............................................ 46
Memory Priority ....................................... 46
HOME Priority ........................................ 46
WX Priority .............................................. 47
Priority Revert Mode ............................... 47
Smart Search .................................................. 48
ARTSTM: Auto Range Transponder System ..... 50
Basic ARTS Setup and Operation ............... 50
ARTS Polling Time Options ........................ 51
ARTS Alert Beep Option ............................. 51
CW Identifier Setup ..................................... 52
DTMF Autodialer Operation ........................ 54
Internet Connection Feature ......................... 56
Miscellaneous Settings ................................... 58
Time-Out Timer ........................................... 58
Automatic Power Off ................................... 58
MIC Gain Control ........................................ 59
Programming the Key Assignment .............. 60
DCS Code Inversion .................................... 62
Reset Procedure .............................................. 63
Cloning ............................................................ 64
Menu (“Set”) Mode ........................................ 65
“Auto” Mode Preset Operating Parameters .. 76
INTRODUCTION
The FT-7800R is a ruggedly-built, high quality Dual Band FM transceiver providing 50
Watts of power output on the 144 MHz Amateur band and 40 Watts on the 430 MHz Amateur band.
The high power output of the FT-7800R is produced by its RD70HVF1 Power MOS FET
amplifier, with a direct-flow heat sink and thermostatically-controlled cooling fan maintaining a safe temperature for the transceiver’s circuitry.
Featuring 1055 memory channels which enable the storage of Independent Transmit Frequencies (“Odd Split”), and built-in CTCSS and DCS encoder/decoder circuits, the
FT-7800R includes also provision for remote-head mounting, utilizing the optional
YSK-7800 Separation Kit, which allows installation even in the most compact of cars.
Additional features include a convenient access key for Vertex Standard’s WIRES™ (WideCoverage Internet Repeater Enhancement System), a transmit Time-Out Timer (TOT), Automatic Power-Off (APO), Automatic Repeater Shift (ARS), plus Yaesu’s exclusive ARTS™
(Auto-Range Transponder System) which “beeps” the user when you move out of communications range with another ARTSTM equipped station. And an RF squelch circuit allows the
owner to set the squelch to open at a programmable setting of the S-Meter, thus reducing
guesswork in setting the squelch threshold.
We recommend that you read this manual in its entirety, so as to understand fully the many
features of your new FT-7800R transceiver.
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
1
SPECIFICATIONS
General
RX: 108.000 - 520.000 MHz,
700.000 - 999.990 MHz (Cellular Blocked)
TX: 144.000 - 148.000 MHz or 144.000 - 146.000 MHz,
430.000 - 450.000 MHz or 430.000 - 440.000 MHz
Channel Steps:
5/10/12.5/15/20/25/50/100 kHz
Modes of Emission:
F3E, F2D, F2A
Antenna Impedance:
50 Ohms, unbalanced (Antenna Duplexer built-in)
Frequency Stability:
±5 ppm @ 14 °F ~ +140 °F (–10 °C ~ +60 °C)
Operating Temperature Range: –4 °F ~ +140 °F (–20 °C ~ +60 °C)
Supply Voltage:
13.8 VDC (±15 %), negative ground
Current Consumption (Approx.): RX: 0.5 A (Squelched)
TX: 8.5 A
Case Size (W x H x D):
5.5” x 1.6” x 6.6” (140 x 41.5 x 168 mm)
(w/o knobs & connectors)
Weight (Approx.):
2.2 lb. (1 kg)
Frequency Range:
Transmitter
Output Power:
Modulation Type:
Maximum Deviation:
Spurious Radiation:
Microphone Impedance:
DATA Jack Impedance:
50/20/10/5 W (144 MHz)
40/20/10/5 W (430 MHz)
Variable Reactance
±5 kHz, ±2.5 kHz
At least –60 dB below
2 kΩ
10 kΩ
Receiver
Circuit Type:
Intermediate Frequencies:
Sensitivity:
Squelch Sensitivity:
Selectivity (–6dB/–60dB):
Maximum AF Output:
AF Output Impedance:
Double-conversion superheterodyne
45.05 MHz/450 kHz
0.8 µV (TYP) for 10 dB SN (108 - 137 MHz, AM)
0.2 µV for 12 dB SINAD (137 - 150 MHz, FM)
0.25 µV for 12 dB SINAD (150 - 174 MHz, FM)
0.3 µV (TYP) for 12 dB SINAD (174 - 222 MHz, FM)
0.25 µV (TYP) for 12 dB SINAD (222 - 300 MHz, FM)
0.8 µV (TYP) for 10 dB SN (300 - 336 MHz, AM)
0.25 µV for 12 dB SINAD (336 - 420 MHz, FM)
0.2 µV for 12 dB SINAD (420 - 520 MHz, FM)
0.4 µV (TYP) for 12 dB SINAD (800 - 900 MHz, FM)
0.8 µV (TYP) for 12 dB SINAD (900 - 999.99 MHz, FM)
Better than 0.16 µV
12 kHz/30 kHz
2 W @ 8 Ω for 10% THD
4-16 Ω
Specifications are subject to change without notice, and are guaranteed within the 144 and
430 MHz amateur bands only. Frequency ranges will vary according to transceiver version; check with your dealer.
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FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
ACCESSORIES & OPTIONS
SUPPLIED ACCESSORIES
Microphone MH-48A6J ...................................................................................................... 1
Mobile Mounting Bracket MMB-36 .................................................................................. 1
DC Power Cord w/Fuse (T9021715) .................................................................................. 1
Spare Fuse 15 A (Q0000081) ............................................................................................. 2
Operating Manual ............................................................................................................... 1
Warranty Card ..................................................................................................................... 1
OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES
MH-48A6J
MH-42B6JS
YSK-7800
MEK-2
MLS-100
FP-1023
FP-1030A
CT-39A
DTMF Microphone1
Hand Microphone1
Separation Kit
Microphone Extension Kit2
High-Power External Speaker
AC Power Supply (25A: USA only)
AC Power Supply (30A)
Packet Interface Cable
Availability of accessories may vary. Some accessories are supplied as standard per local
requirements, while others may be unavailable in some regions. Consult your Yaesu dealer
for details regarding these and any newly-available options Connection of any non-Yaesuapproved accessory, should it cause damage, may void the Limited Warranty on this apparatus.
1: If you replace the microphone from the MH-48A6J to MH-42B6JS or vice versa, change
the setting of Menu #22 (MIC). See page 71 for details.
2: When using the MH-48A6J or MH-42B6JS microphone in conjunction with the MEK2, in some cases, the programmable key functions (MH-48A6J: [P1] through [P4],
MH-42B6JS: [ACC], [P], [P1], and [P2]) may operate erratically.
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
3
INSTALLATION
This chapter describes the installation procedure for integrating the FT-7800R into a typical amateur radio station. It is presumed that you possess technical knowledge and conceptual understanding consistent with your status as a licensed radio amateur. Please take some
extra time to make certain that the important safety and technical requirements detailed in
this chapter are followed closely.
PRELIMINARY INSPECTION
Inspect the transceiver visually immediately upon opening the packing carton. Confirm that
all controls and switches work freely, and inspect the cabinet for any damage. Gently shake
the transceiver to verify that no internal components have been shaken loose due to rough
handling during shipping.
If any evidence of damage is discovered, document it thoroughly and contact the shipping
company (or your local dealer, if the unit was purchased over-the-counter) so as to get
instructions regarding the prompt resolution of the damage situation. Be certain to save the
shipping carton, especially if there are any punctures or other evidence of damage incurred
during shipping; if it is necessary to return the unit for service or replacement, use the original packing materials but put the entire package inside another packing carton, so as to
preserve the evidence of shipping damage for insurance purposes.
INSTALLATION TIPS
To ensure long life of the components, be certain to provide adequate ventilation around the
cabinet of the FT-7800R.
Do not install the transceiver on top of another heat-generating device (such as a power
supply or amplifier), and do not place equipment, books, or papers on top of the FT-7800R.
Avoid heating vents and window locations that could expose the transceiver to excessive
direct sunlight, especially in hot climates. The FT-7800R should not be used in an environment where the ambient temperature exceeds +140 °F (+60 °C).
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FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
INSTALLATION
SAFETY INFORMATION
The FT-7800R is an electrical apparatus, as well as a generator of RF (Radio Frequency)
energy, and you should exercise all safety precautions as are appropriate for this type of
device. These safety tips apply to any device installed in a well-designed amateur radio
station.
Never allow unsupervised children to play in the vicinity of your transceiver or antenna installation.
Be certain to wrap any wire or cable splices thoroughly with insulating electrical
tape, to prevent short circuits.
Do not route cables or wires through door jambs or other locations where, through
wear and tear, they may become frayed and shorted to ground or to each other.
Do not stand in front of a directional antenna while you are transmitting into that
antenna. Do not install a directional antenna in any location where humans or pets
may be walking in the main directional lobe of the antenna’s radiation pattern.
In mobile installations, it is preferable to mount your antenna on top of the roof of the
vehicle, if feasible, so as to utilize the car body as a counterpoise for the antenna and
raise the radiation pattern as far away from passengers as possible.
During vehicular operation when stopped (in a parking lot, for example), make it a
practice to switch to Low power if there are people walking nearby.
Never wear dual-earmuff headphones while driving a vehicle.
Do not attempt to drive your vehicle while making a telephone call on an autopatch
using the DTMF microphone. Pull over to the side of the road, whether dialing manually or using the auto-dial feature.
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
5
INSTALLATION
ANTENNA CONSIDERATIONS
The FT-7800R is designed for use with antennas presenting an impedance of near 50 Ohms
at all operating frequencies. The antenna (or a 50 Ohm dummy load) should be connected
whenever the transceiver is turned on, to avoid damage that could otherwise result if transmission occurs accidentally without an antenna.
Ensure that your antenna is designed to handle 50 Watts of transmitter power. Some magnetic-mount mobile antennas, designed for use with hand-held transceivers, may not be
capable of withstanding this power level. Consult the antenna manufacturer’s specification
sheet for details.
Most all FM work is performed using vertical polarization. When installing a directional
antenna such as a Yagi or Cubical Quad, be certain to orient it so as to produce vertical
polarization, unless you are engaged in a special operating situation where horizontal polarization is used. In the case of a Yagi antenna, orient the elements vertically for vertical
polarization; for a Cubical Quad, the feedpoint should be at the center of one of the vertical
sides of the driven element (or at a side corner, in the case of a diamond-shaped Cubical
Quad).
Note that this transceiver is designed with wide frequency coverage in the VHF/UHF spectrum. For general listening, you may wish to have a broadband antenna such as a discone
available, as a directional antenna such as a Yagi will have degraded performance outside
the Amateur band for which it is designed.
Excellent reference texts and computer software are available for the design and optimization of VHF and UHF antennas. Your dealer should be able to assist you with all aspects of
your antenna installation requirements.
Use high-quality 50 Ohm coaxial cable for the lead-in to your FT-7800R transceiver. All
efforts at providing an efficient antenna system will be wasted if poor quality, lossy coaxial
cable is used. Losses in coaxial lines increase as the frequency increases, so an 8-meter-long
(25’) coaxial line with under 1 dB of loss at 144 MHz may have a loss of 3 dB or more at 446
MHz; choose your coaxial cable carefully based on the installation location (mobile vs.
base) and the overall length of the cable required (for very short runs of cable in a mobile
installation, the smaller, more flexible cable types may be acceptable).
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FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
INSTALLATION
ANTENNA CONSIDERATIONS
For reference, the chart below shows approximate loss figures for typically-available coaxial cables frequently used in VHF/UHF installations.
Loss in dB per 30 m (100 feet) for Selected 50-Ohm Coaxial Cables
(Assumes 50-Ohm Input/Output Terminations)
CABLE TYPE
RG-58A
RG-58 Foam
RG-213
RG-8 Foam
Belden 9913
Times Microwave LMR-400
7/8” “Hardline”
LOSS: 144 MHZ
6.5
4.7
3.0
2.0
1.5
1.5
0.7
LOSS: 430 MHZ
> 10
8
5.9
3.7
2.9
2.6
1.3
Loss figures are approximate; consult cable manufacturers’ catalogs for complete specifications.
In outdoor installations, be certain to weatherproof all connectors thoroughly, as water entering a coaxial cable will cause losses to escalate rapidly, thus diminishing your communications effectiveness. The use of the shortest possible length of the highest quality coaxial
cable that fits within your budget will ensure the best performance from your FT-7800R.
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
7
INSTALLATION
MOBILE INSTALLATION
The FT-7800R must only be installed in vehicles having a 13.8 Volt negative ground electrical system. Mount the transceiver where the display, controls, and microphone are easily
accessible, using the supplied MMB-36 mounting bracket.
The transceiver may be installed in almost any location, but should not be positioned near a
heating vent nor anywhere where it might interfere with driving (either visually or mechanically). Make sure to provide plenty of space on all sides of the transceiver so that air can
flow freely around the radio’s case. Refer to the diagrams showing proper installation procedures.
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FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
INSTALLATION
MOBILE INSTALLATION
Mobile Power Connections
To minimize voltage drop and avoid blowing the vehicle’s fuses, connect the supplied DC
power cable directly to the battery terminals. Do not attempt to defeat or bypass the DC
cable’s fuse - it is there to protect you, your transceiver, and your vehicle’s electrical system.
Warning!
Never apply AC power to the power cable of the FT-7800R, nor DC voltage greater
than 15.8 Volts. When replacing the fuse, only use a 15-A fast-blow type. Failure
to observe these safety precautions will void the Limited Warranty on this product.
Before connecting the transceiver, check the voltage at the battery terminals while revving the engine. If the voltage exceeds 15 Volts, adjust the vehicle’s voltage regulator
before proceeding with installation.
Connect the RED power cable lead to the POSITIVE (+) battery terminal, and the BLACK
power cable lead to the NEGATIVE (–) terminal. If you need to extend the power cable,
use #12 AWG or larger insulated, stranded copper wire. Solder the splice connections
carefully, and wrap the connections thoroughly with insulating electrical tape.
Before connecting the cable to the transceiver, verify the voltage and polarity of the
voltage at the transceiver end of the DC cable using a DC voltmeter. Now connect the
transceiver to the DC cable.
FT-7800R
Cabin Engine Room
RED: Positive (+)
BLACK: Negative (–)
Battery
Mobile Speakers
The optional MLS-100 External Speaker includes its own swivel-type mounting bracket,
and is available from your Yaesu dealer.
Other external speakers may be used with the FT-7800R, if they present the specified 8-Ohm
impedance and are capable of handling the 2 Watts of audio output supplied by the FT-7800R.
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
9
INSTALLATION
BASE STATION INSTALLATION
The FT-7800R is ideal for base station use as well as in mobile installations. The
FT-7800R is specifically designed to integrate into your station easily, using the information to follow as a reference.
AC Power Supplies
Operation of the FT-7800R from an AC line requires a power source capable of providing
at least 9 Amps continuously at 13.8 Volts DC. The FP-1023 and FP-1030A AC Power
Supplies are available from your Yaesu dealer to satisfy these requirements. Other wellregulated power supplies may be used, as well, if they meet the above voltage and current
specifications.
Use the DC power cable supplied with your transceiver for making power connections to the
power supply. Connect the RED power cable lead to the POSITIVE (+) power supply
terminal, and connect the BLACK power cable lead to the NEGATIVE (–) power supply
terminal.
Packet Radio Terminal Node Controller (TNC)
The FT-7800R provides a convenient rear-panel DATA jack for easy connections to your
TNC. This connector is a standard mini-DIN connector. A pre-wired connector and cable
assembly option, model CT-39A, is available from your local Yaesu dealer.
The FT-7800R’s DATA jack connections are optimized for the data transmission and reception speed in use. In accordance with industry standards, the signal levels, impedances, and
bandwidths are significantly different on 9600 bps as opposed to 1200 bps. If your TNC
does not provide multiple lines to accommodate such optimization, you may still be able to
utilize your TNC, if it is designed for multiple-radio use, by connecting the TNC “Radio 1”
port to the 1200 bps lines on the FT-7800R, and the “Radio 2” port to the 9600 bps lines.
The pin connections of the Data connector are shown below.
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
10
Label
Note
Packet Data Input
PKD
Impedance: 10 kΩ,
(DATA IN)
Maximum Input Level: 40 mV p-p for 1200 bps
2.0 Vp-p for 9600 bps
GND
Signal Ground
PTT
Gound to Transmit
9600 bps Packet Data Output
RX9600
Impedance: 10 kΩ, Maximum Output: 500 mV p-p
1200 bps Packet Data Output
RX1200
Impedance: 10 kΩ, Maximum Output: 300 mV p-p
PKS
Squelch Control
(SQL)
Squelch Open: +5 V, Squelch Close: 0 V
CT-39A Wire Color
Brown
Red
Orange
Yellow
Green
Blue
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
INSTALLATION
BASE STATION INSTALLATION
Note that 9600 bps packet transmit-deviation adjustment is very critical to successful operation, and can only be accomplished using a calibrated deviation meter (such as that found on
an FM Service Monitor used in a communications service center). In most cases, the Packet
Data Input level (set via a potentiometer inside the TNC) must be adjusted to provide a
deviation of ±2.75 kHz (±0.25 kHz). Check with your packet node’s sysop if you have any
questions about the appropriate deviation level for your network. Note also that high throughput on 9600 bps frequently requires strong signals, so you may wish to consider the use of a
directional antenna such as a Yagi for communication with high-speed packet nodes.
The setting of the 1200 bps Packet Data Input level is much less critical than it is at 9600 bps,
and satisfactory adjustment to the optimum (±2.5 ~ ±3.5 kHz) deviation can usually be done
“by ear” by adjusting the TNC’s 1200 bps TX Audio Level potentiometer so that the outgoing
packets (as monitored on a separate VHF or UHF receiver) are approximately the same level
as (A) the DTMF tones or (B) the 1750 Hz Burst tone produced using the microphone.
Finally, note that the Menu (“Set”) mode allows you to set the Packet data rate (1200 or
9600 bps) independently for each band. If you have trouble getting your FT-7800R to
respond correctly during packet operation, check to be certain that you do not have Menu
#26 (PKT.SPD) set to the wrong data rate.
You may activate the microphone input while operating on the packet mode via the Menu
#25 (PKT.MIC), if desired. Generally, we do not recommend this, as a “live” microphone’s
audio input will tend to reduce throughput by interfering with the packets being transmitted
by your radio.
9600 BPS PACKET SETUP
ANT
13.8VDC
DATA
OUT
EXT SP
DATA
DATA
IN
PTT
DATA IN
GND
DATA OUT
(9600bps)
PKS
1200 BPS PACKET SETUP
ANT
13.8VDC
DATA
OUT
EXT SP
DATA
DATA
IN
PTT
DATA IN
GND
DATA OUT
(1200bps)
PKS
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
11
FRONT PANEL CONTROLS & SWITCHES
VOL Knob
This control adjusts the volume level of the receiver’s audio. Clockwise rotation increases the audio level.
SQL Knob
This control sets the threshold level at which received signals (or noise) will open the
squelch. It should be advanced clockwise just to the point where the noise is silenced
(and the “
” indicator on the display turns off), so as to provide the best sensitivity to weak signals.
Hyper Memory Buttons ([1] ~ [5])
Press and hold in one of these buttons for 2 seconds to store the current total configuration of the radio into a special “Hyper” memory bank.
Press the appropriate button momentarily to recall the desired “Hyper” memory.
[MHz(PRI)] Key
Press this key momentarily to allow tuning in 1-MHz steps on the VFO frequency while
operating on the VFO mode. In the Memory mode, press this key momentarily to allow
tuning in 10 channel steps on the memory channels.
Press and hold in this key for 1/2 second to activate the Priority Channel Scanning (Dual
Watch feature).
[TONE(HM/RV)] Key
Press this key momentarily to change the Tone Squelch mode: ENC (CTCSS Encoder),
ENC.DEC (CTCSS Tone Squelch), or DCS (DCS) operation.
Press and hold in this key for 1/2 second to reverse the transmit and receive frequencies
during split-frequency (i.e. “Repeater”) operation.
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FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
FRONT PANEL CONTROLS & SWITCHES
[LOW(ACC)] Key
Press this key momentarily to select the transmitter power output level (“LOW,” “MID2,”
“MID1,” or “HIGH”).
Press and hold in this key for 1/2 second to recall the Weather Broadcast Channels.
You can program the alternate (press and hold in) function of this key to another function, if desired. See page 60 for details.
[BAND(SET)] Key
While operating on the VFO mode, press this key momentarily to toggle the operating
band as follows:
144 MHz 250 MHz 350 MHz 430 MHz 850 MHz 144 MHz ......
In the Memory mode, press this key momentarily to activate the “Memory Tune” function.
Press and hold in this key for 1/2 second to enter the Set (“Menu”) mode.
[V/M(MW)] Key
Press this key momentarily to switch the frequency control among the VFO, Memory
System, and Home channel.
Press and hold in this key for 1/2 second to transfer the VFO contents into a Memory
register.
[SCAN(SEL)] Key
Press this key momentarily to activate the Scanner.
Press and hold in this key for 1/2 second to select the scan mode.
[S.SCH(ARTS)] Keys
Press this key momentarily to activate the Smart Search feature.
Press and hold in this key for 1/2 second to activate the ARTS feature.
DIAL knob
This 20-position detented rotary switch is the tuning dial for the transceiver. It is used
for most tuning, memory selection, and function setting tasks on the transceiver.
PWR (
) Switch
Press and hold in this switch for 1/2 second to toggle the transceiver’s power on and off.
[
] Key
Press this key momentarily to activate the Internet Connection Feature.
Press and hold in this key for 1/2 second to indicate access number of the Internet
Connection Feature.
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
13
SIDE PANEL CONNECTION & KNOB
: PTT
: MIC
: GND
: +9V
: SW 1(Key Control)
: SW 2 (Key Contol)
MIC Jack (Right Side)
Connect the supplied microphone to this jack.
Front Panel Release Knob (Left Side)
Press this knob to unlock the front panel to detachable the front panel from the
transceiver’s main body for remote-head operation (requires optional YSK-7800 Separation Kit).
LCD DISPLAY
Digital Code Squelch (DCS) Operation
Skip Memory Channel
Preferential Memory Channel
Priority Channel
Memory Channel Number
Repeater Shift Direction
CTCSS Operation
Transmission in Progress
Automatic Power-Off Active
Memory Tune Mode
Operating Frequency
Menu (“Set”) Mode Active
Internet Connection Feature Active
AM Mode Selected
Low TX Power Selected
Keypad/DIAL Lock Active
9600 bps Packet Mode
S- & PO Meter
BUSY Channel (or Squelch Off)
Midium TX Power Selected
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FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
REAR PANEL CONNECTIONS
ANT
13.8VDC
EXT SP
DATA
ANT Jack
Connect your antenna here, using a type-M (PL-259) plug and coaxial cable.
Cooling Fan
The cooling fan rotates during transmission, and for 30 seconds after the radio returns
to the receive mode after transmitting.
When the RF power amplifier’s heat sink reaches a moderately high temperature, the
cooling fan will rotate automatically even if the radio is in the receive mode.
DATA Jack
This 6-pin mini-DIN connector provides simple interfacing to a packet Terminal Node
Controller (TNC) for 1200 bps or 9600 bps operation. The pin connections are shown
on page 10.
EXT SP Jack
This 2-conductor, 3.5-mm mini phone jack provides audio output for an optional speaker.
The optimum load impedance is 8 Ohms. Inserting a plug into this jack disables the
audio path to the transceiver’s internal speaker.
13.8V DC Cable Pigtails w/Fuse
This is the DC power supply connection for the transceiver. Use the supplied DC cable
to connect this pigtail to the car battery or base station DC power supply capable of at
least 9 Amperes (continuous duty). Make certain that the Red lead connects to the Positive (+) side of the power source, and that the Black lead connects to the Negative (–)
side of the power source.
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
15
MH-48A6J MICROPHONE
PTT Switch
Press this switch to transmit, and release it to receive.
Keypad
These 16 keys generate DTMF tones during
transmission.
In the receive mode, the numeric (0 - 9) keys can
be used for direct frequency entry and/or direct
numeric recall of the Memory channels and the
alphabet (A - D) keys can be used for controls
the transceiver, as follow:
[A] Key:
Press this key momentarily to activate the Smart
Search feature.
Press and hold in this key for 1/2 second to activates the
ARTS feature.
DTMF MICROPHONE
MH-48
[B] Key:
Press this key momentarily to switch the Memory Channel
display between the “Frequency” format and “Alpha-numeric Tag” format.
[C] Key:
Press this key momentarily to disable the noise squelch action, allowing you to hear
very weak signals near the background noise level.
[D] Key:
Press this key momentarily to allow tuning in 1-MHz steps on the VFO frequency
while operating on the VFO mode. In the Memory mode, this allows tuning in 10channel steps on the memory channels.
Press and hold in this key for 1/2 second to activate the Priority Channel Scanning
(Dual Watch) feature.
[P1]/[P2]/[P3]/[P4] Buttons
[P1] button:
This button replicates the functions of the front panel [BAND(SET)] key.
While operating on the VFO mode, press this button momentarily to toggle the
operating band as follows:
144 MHz 250 MHz 350 MHz 430 MHz 850 MHz 144 MHz ......
In the Memory mode, press this button momentarily to activate the “Memory Tune”
function.
Press and hold in this key for 1/2 second to enter the Set (“Menu”) mode.
16
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
MH-48A6J MICROPHONE
[P2] button:
This button replicates the functions of the front panel [V/M(MW)] key.
Press this button momentarily to switch the frequency control among the VFO,
Memory System, and Home channel.
Press and hold in this button for 1/2 second to transfer the VFO contents into a
Memory register.
[P3] button:
This button replicates the functions of the front panel [TONE(REV)] key.
Press this button momentarily to change the Tone Squelch mode: ENC (CTCSS
Encoder), ENC.DEC (CTCSS Tone Squelch), or DCS (DCS) operation.
Press and hold in this key for 1/2 second to reverse the transmit and receive frequencies during split-frequency (i.e. “Repeater”) operation.
[P4] button:
This button replicates the functions of the front panel [LOW(ACC)] key.
Press this button momentarily to select the transmitter power output level (“LOW,”
“MID2,” MID1,” or “HIGH”).
Press and hold in this key for 1/2 second to recall the Weather Broadcast Channels.
You can program the [P1], [P2], [P3], and [P4] buttons for other functions, if desired.
See page 60 for details.
LAMP Switch
This switch illuminates the Microphone’s keypad.
LOCK Switch
This switch locks out the Microphone’s buttons (except for the keypad and PTT switch).
[UP]/[DWN] Button
Press (or hold in) either of these buttons to tune (or scan up or down) the operating
frequency or through the memory channels. In many ways, these buttons emulate the
function of the (rotary) DIAL knob.
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
17
MH-42B6JS MICROPHONE
The optional MH-42B6JS is similar to the MH-48A6J, but the MH-42B6JS does not include
a DTMF keypad and its illumination switch.
PTT Switch
Press this switch to transmit, and release it to receive.
. [ACC]/[P]/[P1]/[P2] Buttons
[ACC] button:
This button replicates the functions of the
front panel [BAND(SET)] key.
While operating on the VFO mode, press this button momentarily to toggle the operating band as follows:
144 MHz 250 MHz 350 MHz 430 MHz 850 MHz 144 MHz ......
In the Memory mode, press this button momentarily to
activate the “Memory Tune” function.
Press and hold in this key for 1/2 second to enter the Set
(“Menu”) mode.
CONDENSER MIC
MH-42B
[P] button:
This button replicates the functions of the front panel [V/M(MW)] key.
Press this button momentarily to switch the frequency control among the VFO,
Memory System, and Home channel.
Press and hold in this button for 1/2 second to transfer the VFO contents into a
Memory register.
[P1] button:
This button replicates the functions of the front panel [TONE(REV)] key.
Press this button momentarily to change the Tone Squelch mode: ENC (CTCSS
Encoder), ENC.DEC (CTCSS Tone Squelch), or DCS (DCS) operation.
Press and hold in this key for 1/2 second to reverse the transmit and receive frequencies during split-frequency (i.e. “Repeater”) operation.
[P2] button:
This button replicates the functions of the front panel [LOW(ACC)] key.
Press this button momentarily to select the transmitter power output level (“LOW,”
“MID2,” MID1,” or “HIGH”).
Press and hold in this key for 1/2 second to recall the Weather Broadcast Channels.
You can program the [ACC], [P], [P1], and [P2] buttons for other functions, if desired.
See page 60 for details.
18
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
MH-42B6JS MICROPHONE
. LOCK Switch
This switch locks out the Microphone’s buttons (except for the PTT switch).
[UP]/[DWN] Button
Press (or hold in) either of these buttons to tune (or scan up or down) the operating
frequency or through the memory channels. In many ways, these buttons emulate the
function of the (rotary) DIAL knob.
Notice: If you change the microphone from the MH-48A6J to the MH-42B6JS or
vice versa, change the setting of Menu #22 (MIC). See page 71 for details.
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
19
BASIC OPERATION
Hi! I’m R. F. Radio, and I’ll be helping you along as you learn the many features
of the FT-7800R. I know you’re anxious to get on the air, but I encourage you to
read the “Operation” section of this manual as thoroughly as possible, so you’ll get the
most out of this fantastic new transceiver. Now. . .let’s get operating!
TURNING THE TRANSCEIVER ON AND OFF
1. To turn the transceiver on, press and hold in the
PWR ( ) switch for 1/2 second.
When you turn on the FT-7800R, the current DC
supply voltage is indicated on the LCD for 2 seconds. After this interval, the display will switch its
normal indication of the operating frequency.
2. To turn the transceiver off, again press and hold in
the PWR ( ) switch for 1/2 second.
ADJUSTING THE AUDIO VOLUME LEVEL AND SQUELCH SETTING
At first, set the SQL knob fully counter-clockwise.
Now, you may rotate the VOL knob clockwise to adjust the receiver volume for a comfortable listening
level, using the background noise as a reference.
To set the squelch, turn the SQL knob clockwise a
slightly past the point where the background noise is
muted. This is the point of best sensitivity to weak signals, and we recommend that you not rotate the SQL knob very much past the point where
the background noise is just silenced.
A special “RF Squelch” feature is provided on this radio. This feature allows you to set the
squelch so that only signals exceeding a certain S-meter level will open the squelch. See
page 24 for details
SELECTING THE OPERATING BAND
Press the [BAND(SET)] key to move the operating
band:
144 MHz 250 MHz 350 MHz 430 MHz 850 MHz 144 MHz ......
You may select the operating band by pressing the microphone’s [P1] key.
20
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
BASIC OPERATION
FREQUENCY NAVIGATION
1) Tuning Dial
Rotating the DIAL knob allows tuning in the pre-programmed steps established for the VFO
frequency. Clockwise rotation of the DIAL knob causes the FT-7800R to be tuned toward a
higher frequency, while counter-clockwise rotation will
lower the operating frequency.
Press the [MHz(PRI)] key momentarily, then rotate the
DIAL knob, to change the frequency steps to 1 MHz
per step. This feature is extremely useful for making
rapid frequency excursions over the wide tuning range
of the FT-7800R.
2) Direct Keypad Frequency Entry (MH-48A6J Microphone)
The keypad of the MH-48A6J DTMF Microphone may be used for direct entry of the operating frequency.
To enter a frequency from the MH-48A6J keypad, just press the numbered digits in the
proper sequence. There is no “Decimal point” key on the MH-48A6J keypad.
Examples: To enter 146.480 MHz, press [1] [4] [6] [4] [8] [0]
To enter 433.000 MHz, press [4] [3] [3] [0] [0] [0]
3) Scanning
From the VFO mode, press and hold in the [SCAN(SEL)] key for 1/2 second, then rotate the
DIAL knob to select the bandwidth for the VFO scanner. Now, press the [SCAN(SEL)] key
momentarily to initiate scanning toward a higher frequency. The FT-7800R will stop when it
receives a signal strong enough to break through the squelch threshold. The FT-7800R will
then hold on that frequency according to the setting of the “Resume” mode (Menu #37 (SCAN);
see page 73). See page 41 for details regarding the VFO Scan operation.
If you wish to reverse the direction of the scan (i.e. toward a lower frequency, instead of a
higher frequency), just rotate the DIAL knob one click in the counter-clockwise direction
while the FT-7800R is scanning. The scanning direction will be reversed. To revert to scanning toward a higher frequency once more, rotate the DIAL knob one click clockwise.
Press the [SCAN(SEL)] key (or the PTT key) again to stop scanning.
You may also initiate the scanner by pressing and holding in the microphone’s
[UP] or [DWN] key. However, in this case, the scanner will sweep frequencies
only on the current band. If you would like the scanner not to be restricted to the current
band, you may change Menu #46 (VFO.BND) to allow the scanner to hop to the low edge
of the next-highest band when the VFO frequency reaches the high end of the current
band (or vice- versa). See page 75 for details.
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
21
BASIC OPERATION
TRANSMISSION
To transmit, simply close the PTT (Push To Talk) switch
on the microphone when the frequency is clear. Hold
the microphone approximately 25 mm (1”) from your
mouth, and speak into the microphone in a normal voice
level. When your transmission is complete, release the
PTT switch; the transceiver will revert to the receive
mode.
When the RF power amplifier heat sink rises to a factory preset temperature, the
transmit power level will be reduced to the “LOW” setting automatically to prevent over-heating of the radio. If you leave transmit in this condition (even in the “LOW”
mode) for an extended period of time, the radio will be forced to return to the receive
mode.
Changing the Transmitter Power Level
You can select from among a total of four transmit power levels on your FT-7800R.
To change the power level, press the [LOW(ACC)]
key to select one of four power settings. These power
levels will be stored, in memory registers, at the time
of memory storage (see page 32 for details on Memory
operation).
During transmission, the Bar Graph will deflect in the
display, according to the power output selected.
“LOW” POWER (5 W)
“MID 2” POWER (10 W)
“MID 1” POWER (20 W)
“HIGH” POWER (50 W: 144 MHZ, 40 W: 430 MHZ)
22
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
ADVANCED OPERATION
LOCK FEATURE
In order to prevent accidental frequency change or inadvertent transmission, various aspects
of the FT-7800R’s keys may be locked out. The possible lockout combinations are:
LK KEY:
LK DIAL:
LK K+D:
LK PTT:
LK P+K:
LK P+D:
LK ALL:
LK OFF:
Just the front panel keys and microphone buttons are locked out (except for
the PTT switch).
Just the front panel DIAL is locked out.
Both the DIAL and keys (include microphone buttons) are locked out.
The PTT switch is locked (TX not possible).
Both the keys (include microphone buttons) and PTT switch are locked out.
Both the PTT switch and DIAL are locked out.
All of the above are locked out.
The Lock feature is disabled.
To lock out some or all of the keys:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set (Menu) mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #21 (LOCK).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to choose between one of the locking
schemes as outline above.
4. When you have made your selection, press the
[BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for
1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
5. To unlock the panel switches and DIAL knobs, select
“LK OFF” in step 3 above.
KEYBOARD BEEPER
A key/button beeper provides useful audible feedback whenever a key/button is pressed.
If you want to turn the beep off:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #5 (BEEP).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to change the setting to “OFF.”
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the
new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)]
key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
5. To turn the beep back on again, select “KEY” or “KEY+SC (default)” in step 3 above.
KEY:
The beeper sounds when you press any key.
KEY+SC: The beeper sounds when you press a key, or when the scanner stops.
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
23
ADVANCED OPERATION
DISPLAY BRIGHTNESS
The FT-7800R display illumination has been specially engineered to provide high visibility
with minimal disruption of your “night vision” while you are driving. The brightness of the
display is manually adjustable, using the following procedure:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #11 (DIMMER).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to select a comfortable brightness level:
DIM 1, DIM 2, DIM 3, or DIM.OFF (no illumination).
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the
new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)]
key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
RF SQUELCH
A special “RF Squelch” feature is provided on this radio. This feature allows you to set the
squelch so that only signals exceeding a certain S-meter level will open the squelch.
To set up the RF Squelch circuit for operation, use the following procedure:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #32 (RF SQL).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to select the desired signal strength level
for the squelch threshold (OFF, S-2, S-3, S-4, S-5, S-6,
S-7, S-8, S-9, or S-FULL).
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the
new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to exit to
normal operation.
5. Finally, rotate the SQL knob fully clockwise.
24
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
ADVANCED OPERATION
CHANNEL STEP SELECTION
The FT-7800R’s synthesizer provides the option of utilizing channel steps of 5/10/12.5/15/
20/25/50/100 kHz per step, as well as an automatic step selection based on the current
operating frequency (“AUTO”), any number of which may be important to your operating
requirements. The FT-7800R is set up at the factory in the “AUTO” configuration, which
probably is satisfactory for most operation. However, if you need to change the channel step
increments, the procedure to do so is very easy; remember to get set up on the desired band
before making any changes, as different steps may be programmed for each operating band.
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #43 (STEP).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to select the new channel step size.
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the
new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)]
key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
5 kHz and 15 kHz steps are not available for use on above 700 MHz.
RECEIVING MODE SELECTION
The FT-7800R provides for automatic mode change when the radio is tuned to different
operating frequencies. However, should an unusual receiving situation arise in which you
need to change to other receiving mode, the procedure to do so is very easy.
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #35 (RX MOD).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to select the desired receiving mode.
AUTO: Automatic mode setting per default values
for the selected frequency range
FM: Frequency Modulation (Narrow FM)
AM: Amplitude Modulation
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the new setting, then press and hold in
the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
Unless you have a compelling reason to do so, leave the Automatic Mode Selection feature on so as to save time and trouble when changing bands. If you make
a mode change for a particular channel or station, you can always store that one channel
into memory, as the mode setting will be memorized along with the frequency information.
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
25
REPEATER OPERATION
Repeater stations, usually located on mountaintops or other high locations, provide a dramatic extension of the communication range for low-powered hand-held or mobile transceivers. The FT-7800R includes a number of features which make repeater operation simple
and enjoyable.
REPEATER SHIFTS
Your FT-7800R has been configured, at the factory, for the repeater shifts customary in
your country. While the 144 MHz shift will be 600 kHz; on 70 cm, the shift may be 1.6 MHz,
7.6 MHz, or 5 MHz (USA version).
Depending on the part of the band in which you are operating, the repeater shift may be
either downward (–) or upward (+), and one of these icons will appear at the top of the LCD
when repeater shifts have been enabled.
AUTOMATIC REPEATER SHIFT (ARS)
The FT-7800R provides a convenient Automatic Repeater Shift feature, which causes the
appropriate repeater shift to be automatically applied whenever you tune into the designated
repeater sub-bands in your country. These sub-bands are shown below.
If the ARS feature does not appear to be working, you may have accidentally disabled it.
To re-enable ARS:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #4 (ARS).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to change the setting to “ON” (to enable
Automatic Repeater Shift).
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the
new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)]
key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
With repeater shift activated, you can temporarily reverse the transmit and receive frequencies by pressing and holding in the [TONE(HM/
RV)] key for 1/2 second. Use this feature to display the transmit frequency without transmitting, and to check the strength of signals on a
repeater uplink frequency (so as to determine
whether of not a particular station is within
“Simplex” range, for example).
ARS-Repeater Subbands
145.1
145.5
2-m
Version A
146.4
147.0
146.6
145.6 145.8
147.6
148.0
147.4
European Version
70-cm
440.0
Version A
438.20
433.00
26
146.0
433.40
439.45
445.0
450.0
Euro Version 1
Euro Version 2
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
REPEATER OPERATION
MANUAL REPEATER SHIFT ACTIVATION
If the ARS feature has been disabled, or if you need to set a repeater shift direction other
than that established by the ARS, you may set the direction of the repeater shift manually.
To do this:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #33 (RPT.MOD).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate the DIAL knob to select the desired shift among “RPT.–,” “RPT.+,” and “RPT.OFF.”
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the new setting, then press and hold in
the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
Changing the Default Repeater Shifts
If you travel to a different region, you may need to change the default repeater shift so as to
ensure compatibility with local operating requirements.
To do this, follow the procedure below:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #39 (SHIFT).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate the DIAL knob to select the new
repeater shift magnitude. The shift must be a multiple of 50 kHz.
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the new setting, then press and hold in
the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
If you just have one “odd” split that you need to program, don’t change the “default” repeated shifts using this Menu Item! Enter the transmit and receive frequencies separately, as shown on page 33.
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
27
CTCSS/DCS OPERATION
CTCSS OPERATION
Many repeater systems require that a very-low-frequency audio tone be superimposed on
your FM carrier in order to activate the repeater. This helps prevent false activation of the
repeater by radar or spurious signals from other transmitters. This tone system, called
“CTCSS” (Continuous Tone Coded Squelch System), is included in your FT-7800R, and is
very easy to activate.
CTCSS setup involves two actions: setting the Tone Mode and then setting of the
Tone Frequency. These actions are set up by using the [TONE(REV)] key and Set
mode #44 (TN FRQ).
1. Press the [TONE (REV )] key several times, so that
“ENC” appears on the display; this activates the CTCSS
Encoder, which allows repeater access.
1) You may notice an additional “DCS” icon appearing while you press the
[TONE(REV)] key in this step. We’ll discuss the Digital Code Squelch system
shortly.
2) You may notice the “REV TN” indication on the display; this means that the Reverse Tone Squelch system is active, which mutes your FT-7800R’s receiver when it
receives a call from the radio sending a matched CTCSS tone. The “DEC” icon will
blink on the display when the Reverse Tone Squelch system is activated.
2. Pressing the [TONE(REV)] key once more in above step will cause “ENC DEC” to
appear. When “ENC DEC” appears, this means that the Tone Squelch system is active,
which mutes your FT-7800R’s receiver until it receives
a call from another radio sending out a matching CTCSS
tone. This can help keep your radio quiet until a specific
call is received, which may be helpful while operating in congested areas.
3. When you have made your selection of the CTCSS tone
mode, press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2
second to enter the Set mode, then rotate the DIAL knob
to select Menu #44 (TN FRQ). This Menu selection allows setting of the CTCSS tone
frequency to be used.
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily
CTCSS TONE FREQUENCY (Hz)
to enable adjustment of the CTCSS fre- 67.0 69.3 71.9 74.4 77.0 79.7
quency.
82.5
85.4
88.5
91.5
94.8
97.4
100.0
103.5
107.2
110.9
114.8
118.8
5. Rotate the
123.0
127.3
131.8
136.5
141.3
146.2
DIAL knob
151.4
156.7
159.8
162.2
165.5
167.9
until the
171.3
173.8
177.3
179.9
183.5
186.2
display indicates the Tone Frequency you 189.9 192.8 196.6 199.5 203.5 206.5
need to be using.
210.7
218.1
225.7
229.1
233.6
241.8
–
–
–
–
6. When you have made your selection, press 250.3 254.1
28
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
CTCSS/DCS OPERATION
CTCSS OPERATION
the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for
1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
Your repeater may or may not re-transmit a CTCSS tone - some systems just use
CTCSS to control access to the repeater, but don’t pass it along when transmitting. If the S-Meter deflects, but the FT-7800R is not passing audio, press the [TONE(REV)]
key so that “ENC” appears - this will allow you to hear all traffic on the channel being
received.
DCS OPERATION
Another form of tone access control is Digital Code Squelch, or DCS. It is a newer, more
advanced tone system which generally provides more immunity from false paging than does
CTCSS. The DCS Encoder/Decoder is built into your FT-7800R, and operation is very
similar to that just described for CTCSS. Your repeater system may be configured for DCS;
if not, it is frequently quite useful in Simplex operation if your friend(s) use transceivers
equipped with this advanced feature.
Just as in CTCSS operation, DCS requires that you set the Tone Mode to DCS and
that you select a Tone Code.
1. Press the [TONE(REV)] key until “DCS” appears on
the display; this activates the DCS Encoder/Decoder.
2. Now, press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2
second to enter the Set mode, then rotate the DIAL knob
to select Menu #9 (DCS.COD).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to enable the
adjustment of the DCS code.
4. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the desired DCS Code
(a three-digit number).
5. When you have made your selection, press
the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save 023 025 026
the new setting, then press and hold in the 054 065 071
[BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to exit 125 131 132
165 172 174
to normal operation.
DCS CODE
031 032 036 043 047 051 053
072 073 074 114 115 116 122
134 143 145 152 155 156 162
205 212 223 225 226 243 244
245 246 251 252 255 261 263 265 266 271
Remember that the DCS is an Encode/Decode
system, so your receiver will remain muted
until a matching DCS code is received on an
incoming transmission. Switch the DCS off
when you’re just tuning around the band!
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
274 306 311 315 325 331 332 343 346 351
356 364 365 371 411 412 413 423 431 432
445 446 452 454 455 462 464 465 466 503
506 516 523 526 532 546 565 606 612 624
627 631 632 654 662 664 703 712 723 731
732 734 743 754
–
–
–
–
–
–
29
CTCSS/DCS OPERATION
TONE SEARCH SCANNING
In operating situations where you don’t know the CTCSS or DCS tone being used by another station or stations, you can command the radio to listen to the incoming signal and
scan in search of the tone being used. Two things must be remembered in this regard:
You must be sure that your repeater uses the same tone type (CTCSS vs. DCS).
Some repeaters do not pass the CTCSS tone; you may have to listen to the station(s)
transmitting on the repeater uplink (input) frequency in order to allow Tone Search Scanning to work.
To scan for the tone in use:
1. Set the radio up for either CTCSS or DCS Decoder operation (see the previous discussion). In the case of CTCSS, “ENC DEC” will appear on the display; in the case of
DCS, “DCS” will appear on the display.
2. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
3. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #44 (TN FRQ)
when CTCSS is selected, or Menu #9 (DCS.COD) during DCS operation.
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key to enable adjustment of
the selected Menu Item.
5. Press the [SCAN(SEL)] key momentarily to start scanning for the incoming CTCSS or DCS tone/code.
6. When the radio detects the correct tone or code, it will
halt on that tone/code, and audio will be allowed to pass.
Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to lock in that
tone/code, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)]
key for 1/2 second to save the new setting and exit to
normal operation.
If the Tone Scan feature does not detect a tone or code, it will continue to scan
indefinitely. When this happens, it may be that the other station is not sending any
tone. You can press the [SCAN(SEL)] key to halt the scan at any time.
Tone Scanning works either in the VFO or Memory modes.
30
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
CTCSS/DCS OPERATION
SPLIT TONE OPERATION
The FT-7800R can be operated in a Split Tone configuration via the Set mode.
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #41 (SPLIT).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to select “ON” (to enable the Split Tone
feature).
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the
new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)]
key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
When the Split Tone feature is activated, you can see the following additional parameters
after the “DCS” parameter while selecting the Tone Mode by pressing the [TONE(REV)]
key:
DCS Encode only
(the “DCS” icon will blink during operation)
ENC DCS: Encodes a CTCSS Tone and Decodes a DCS code
(the “DCS” and “ENC” icons will appear during operation)
D-DEC:
Encodes a DCS code and Decodes a CTCSS Tone
(the “DCS” icon will blink and the “DEC” icon will appear during operation)
D:
Select the desired operating mode, from the selections shown above.
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
31
MEMORY OPERATION
The FT-7800R provides a wide variety of memory system resources. These include:
“Regular” Memory Channels, which includes:
1000 “Standard” memory channels, numbered “000” through “999.”
5 Home channels, providing storage and quick recall of one prime frequency on each
operating band.
50 sets of band-edge memories also known as “Programmable Memory Scan” channels, labeled “L1/U1” through “L50/U50.”
20 Memory Banks, labeled “BANK1” through “BANK20.” Each Memory Bank can
be assigned from the “Standard” Memory Channels.
5 “Hyper-Memory” Channels
10 “Weather BroadRegular Memory Channels
cast” Channels
Standard Memory Channels
PMS Memory Channels
HOME Channels
250 MHz Band
350 MHz Band
430 MHz Band
850 MHz Band
144 MHz Band
L1/U1
L2/U2
L3/U3
(5 channels)
L49/U49
L50/U50
(50 Sets)
998
999
000
001
002
003
(1000 channels)
WX10
WX4
WX5
WX6
WX7
WX8
WX9
(10 channels)
WX1
WX2
WX3
Weather Broadcast Channels
(5 channels)
1-HP
2-HP
3-HP
4-HP
5-HP
Hyper Memory Channels
REGULAR MEMORY CHANNEL OPERATION
Memory Storage
1. Select the desired frequency, while operating in the VFO mode. Be sure set up any desired CTCSS or DCS tones, as well as any desired repeater offset. The power level may
be also be set at this time, if you wish to store it.
2. Press and hold in the [V/M(MW)] key for 1/2 second. A
memory number will appear (blinking) on the display.
3. Within ten seconds of pressing the [V/M(MW)] key, use
the DIAL knob or the microphone’s [UP]/[DWN] buttons to select the desired memory
channel for storage (if the channel is already occupied by data stored previously, the
“channel frequency” notation will appear on the display).
4. To attach an alpha/numeric name “Tag” to the memory,
press and hold in the [V/M(MW)] key for 1/2 second,
then proceed to the next step; otherwise press the
[V/M(MW)] key momentarily to save the entry and exit to normal operation.
32
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
MEMORY OPERATION
REGULAR MEMORY CHANNEL OPERATION
To Append an Alpha-numeric “Tag” to a Memory
1. After pressing and holding in the [V/M(MW)] key in
step 4 above, rotate the DIAL knob to select the first
character in the name you wish to store, the press the
[BAND(SET)] key momentarily to move on to the next character. Letters, numbers, and
symbols are available for storage.
2. Again rotate the DIAL knob to select the desired letter, number, or symbol, then press the
[BAND(SET)] key momentarily to move on to the next character’s slot. If you make a
mistake, press the microphone’s [DWN] button to move
back to the previous character’s slot, then re-select the
correct letter, number, or symbol.
3. Repeat the above step to program the remaining letters,
numbers, or symbols of the desired label. A total of six
characters may be used in the creation of a label.
4. When you have completed the creation of the label, press
and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to
save the label and exit to normal operation.
Storing Independent Transmit Frequencies (“Odd Splits”)
1. Store the receiving frequency using the method already described.
2. Turn to the desired transmit frequency, then press and hold in the [V/M(MW)] key for
1/2 second.
3. Within ten seconds of pressing the [V/M(MW)] key, use the DIAL knob or microphone’s
[UP]/[DWN] buttons to select the same memory channel number as used in step 1 above.
4. Press and hold in the PTT switch, then pressing and holding the [V/M(MW)] key for
1/2 second while holding the PTT switch to save the entry and exit to normal operation.
This will not cause transmission; instead, it signals the microprocessor that a separate
transmit frequency is being programmed into that memory register.
Whenever you recall a memory which contains independently-stored transmit and receive frequencies, the “
” indication will appear in the display.
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
33
MEMORY OPERATION
REGULAR MEMORY CHANNEL OPERATION
Memory Recall
1. While operating in the VFO mode, press the [V/M(MW)]
key momentarily to enter the Memory mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the desired channel. If
you press the [MHz(PRI)] key momentarily, then rotate the DIAL knob, you’ll be able to
scroll through the memory channels at a rate of 10 channels per click of the DIAL.
3. When selecting a memory channel that has an alpha-numeric “Tag” (label) appended,
press the microphone’s [B] key momentarily to switch
the Memory Channel display between the “Frequency”
format and “Alpha-numeric Tag” format.
4. To return to the VFO mode, press the [V/M(MW)] key momentarily again.
When the radio is already set to the Memory mode, an easy way to recall memories is to enter the microphone’s key in the memory channel number. For example, to recall memory channel #4, press [0] [0] [4].
Memory Offset Tuning
Once you have recalled a particular memory channel, you may easily tune off that channel,
as though you were in the “VFO” mode.
1. With the FT-7800R in the “MR” (Memory Recall) mode, select the desired memory
channel.
2. Now press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily; the
“MT” icon will appear on the display.
3. Rotate the DIAL knob, as desired, to tune to a new frequency. The synthesizer steps selected for VFO operation on the current band will be the
steps used during Memory Tuning.
4. If you press and hold in the [SCAN(SEL)] key for 1/2 second during Memory Tuning,
the data will now have been copied to VFO, although the original memory contents will
remain intact on the previously-stored channel.
5. If you wish to return to the original memory frequency, press the [BAND(SET)] key
momentarily. The “MT” icon will disappear.
34
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
MEMORY OPERATION
REGULAR MEMORY CHANNEL OPERATION
Deleting Memories
With 1000 “Regular” memories available (except memory channel “1”), there frequently
are situations where you may desire to delete certain memorized frequencies. The procedure
for deleting a channel is quite simple:
1. Press the [V/M(MW)] key, if needed, to enter the Memory mode.
2. Press and hold in the [V/M(MW)] key for 1/2 second, then rotate the DIAL knob to select
the memory channel to be deleted. Note that memory channel “1” may not be deleted.
3. Press the [SCAN(SEL)] key momentarily. The display will revert to memory channel
“1.” If you rotate the DIAL knob to the location you just deleted, you will observe that it
is now invisible.
Note: Once deleted, the channel data cannot be recovered.
HOME Channel Memory
A special one-touch “HOME” channel is
available (one for each of the five operating bands), to allow quick recall of a favorite operating frequency on each band.
HOME memory storage is simple to accomplish:
DEFAULT HOME CHANNELS
FREQUENCY
USA VERSION EXP VERSION
144 MHz Ham Band 146.520 MHz 144.000 MHz
250 MHz Band
250.000 MHz 250.000 MHz
350 MHz Band
350.000 MHz 350.000 MHz
430 MHz Ham Band 446.000 MHz 430.000 MHz
850 MHz Band
850.000 MHz 850.000 MHz
BAND
1. Select the desired frequency, while operating in the VFO mode. Be sure to set up any
desired CTCSS or DCS tones, as well as any desired repeater offset. The power level
may also be set at this time, if you wish to store it.
2. Press and hold in the [V/M(MW)] key for one second. A memory number will appear
(blinking) on the display.
3. While the memory channel number is blinking, just press the [TONE(HM/RV)] key.
The frequency and other data (if any) will now be stored in the special HOME channel
register.
4. You may repeat this process on the other operating bands.
5. To recall the HOME channel, just press the [V/M(MW)] key momentarily while operating in the MR mode. From the VFO mode, press the
[V/M(MW)] key twice. While you are operating on the
Home channel. an “H” icon will appear on the display.
You may also append to an Alpha-numeric “Tag” to a Home channel:
1. Recall the HOME channel which you wish to append a label.
2. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the enter the Set mode.
3. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #24 (NM WRT).
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key twice, then rotate the DIAL
knob to select the first character in the name you wish to
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
35
MEMORY OPERATION
REGULAR MEMORY CHANNEL OPERATION
5.
6.
7.
8.
store, the press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to
move on to the next character. Letters, numbers, and
symbols are available for storage.
Again rotate the DIAL knob to select the desired letter,
number, or symbol, then press the [BAND(SET)] key
momentarily to move on to the next character’s slot. If
you make a mistake, press the microphone’s [DWN] button to move back to the previous
character’s slot, then re-select the correct letter, number, or symbol.
Repeat the above step to program the remaining letters,
numbers, or symbols of the desired label. A total of six
characters may be used in the creation of a label.
When you have completed the creation of the label, press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the label, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily
for 1/2 second to normal operation.
When recall the Home channel which is appended an alpha-numeric “Tag” (label), press
the microphone’s [B] key momentarily to switch the
Home channel display between the “Frequency” format
and “Alpha-numeric Tag” format.
Menu #16 (HM/REV) allows configuration of the way you can access the “HOME”
channel. See page 70.
Memory Bank Operation
Memory Bank Assignment
1. Recall the memory channel to be assigned to a Memory Bank. Memory channels L1/U1
~ L50/U50 (band/scanning limit memories) may not be assigned to a Memory Bank.
2. Press and hold in the [SCAN(SEL)] key for 1/2 second, then rotate the DIAL knob to select the Memory
Bank you want as the Memory Bank for this channel
(“BANK1” ~ “BANK20” ).
Memory Bank “1”
Memory Channel
144 MHz Amateur Band Channels
000 145.000 MHz
3. Press and hold in the [V/M(MW)] key CH
CH 001 145.500 MHz
CH 002 435.000 MHz
Memory Bank “2”
003 435.500 MHz
430 MHz Amateur Band Channels
for 1/2 second to lock in the selected CH
CH 004 145.800 MHz
CH 005 436.000 MHz
Memory Bank “3”
M e m o r y B a n k , t h e n p r e s s t h e CH 006 128.800 MHz
All Amateur Band Channels
[V/M(MW)] key momentarily to copy
Memory Bank “4”
Club Channels
the memory channel data into the CH 997 145.620 MHz
CH 998 436.780 MHz
Memory Bank “5”
Memory Bank.
CH 999 128.600 MHz
Air Band Channels
1) You may assign one memory channel into several Memory Banks.
2) The PMS memory channels (L1/U1 through L50/U50) may not be assigned to
a Memory Bank.
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FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
MEMORY OPERATION
REGULAR MEMORY CHANNEL OPERATION
Memory Bank Recall
1. Set the radio to the Memory mode by pressing the [V/M(MW)] key, if necessary.
2. Press and hold in the [SCAN(SEL)] key for 1/2 second, then rotate the DIAL knob to select the Memory
Bank (“BANK 1” ~ “BANK20”).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to lock in the selected Memory Bank.
4. In the Memory Bank mode of operation, you can only select memory channels within the
current Memory Bank.
5. To change the Memory Bank to another Bank, press and hold in the [SCAN(SEL)] key
for 1/2 second; now rotate the DIAL knob to select the new Memory Bank, then press the
[BAND(SET)] key momentarily to lock in the new Memory Bank.
6. To exit from Memory Bank operation, press and hold in
the [SCAN(SEL)] key for 1/2 second, then rotate the
DIAL knob to select “NOBANK;” now press the
[BAND(SET)] key momentarily.
Deleting a Memory Channel from a Memory Bank
1. In the Memory Bank mode, recall the memory channel to be deleted from the Memory
Bank.
2. Press and hold in the [SCAN(SEL)] key for 1/2 second, then press and hold in the
[V/M(MW)] key for 1/2 second. The channel will now be deleted from the Memory
Bank, but the memory register itself will still be available in the non-Bank mode.
Memory Only Mode
Once memory channel programming has been completed, you may place the radio in a
“Memory Only” mode, whereby VFO operation is impossible. This may be particularly
useful during public-service events where a number of operators may be using the radio for
first time, and ultimate simplicity of channel selection is desired.
To place the radio into the Memory Only mode:
1. Turn the radio off.
2. Press and hold in the [MHz(PRI)] key while turning the radio on.
3. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the (F-6 M-ONLY) option, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for
1/2 second.
To return to normal operation, repeat the above steps.
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
37
MEMORY OPERATION
HYPER MEMORY CHANNEL OPERATION
The FT-7800R usually stores, into memory, the operating frequency and some aspects of
operating status (such as VFO scan, CTCSS/DCS data, repeater shift, power level etc.).
However, the “Hyper Memory” Mode allows you to store the total current configuration of
the radio into a special “Hyper” memory bank.
Hyper Memory Storage
1. Set up the transceiver according to the desired configuration.
2. Press and hold in, for two seconds, the Hyper
Memory key ([1] through [5]), corresponding to
the Hyper Memory channel into which you wish to
store this configuration.
Hyper Memory Recall
Press the appropriate Hyper Memory key ([1] through
[5]) to recall the desired Hyper Memory channel.
On Hyper Memory Channels “2” through
“5,” the current (original) configuration will
lost when you recall any other Hyper Memory Channel. To prevent this from happening, press and hold
in the (current) Hyper Memory key to store the current configuration into that Hyper
Memory Channel before recalling anothe Hyper Memory Channel, or set Menu #17
(HYPER) to enable the Automatic Writing feature for all Hyper Memories, including
Hyper Memory “1.” See page 70 for details.
38
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
MEMORY OPERATION
WEATHER BROADCAST CHANNEL OPERATION
The VHF Weather Broadcast Station Memory Channel Bank has been pre-programmed at
the factory, for quick selection of NOAA weather information stations.
1. Press and hold in the [LOW(ACC)] key for 1/2 second
to recall the Weather Broadcast Station Memory Channel Bank.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the desired Weather Broadcast channel.
3. If you wish to scan this bank to search for louder CH FREQUENCY CH
stations, just press the PTT switch. When the scan- 1 162.550 MHz 6
ner pauses on a station, press the PTT key once 2 165.400 MHz 7
3
162.475 MHz 8
to halt the can, or press it twice to restart the scan. 4 162.425 MHz 9
4. To exit to normal operation, press and hold in the 5 162.450 MHz 10
[LOW(ACC)] key for 1/2 second.
FREQUENCY
162.500 MHz
162.525 MHz
161.650 MHz
161.775 MHz
163.275 MHz
Severe Weather Alert
In the event of extreme weather disturbances, such as storms and hurricanes, the NOAA
(National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) sends a weather alert accompanied by
a 1050 Hz tone and subsequent weather report on one of the NOAA weather channels.
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
39
SCANNING
The FT-7800R allows you to scan just the memory channels, the entire operating band, or
a portion of that band. It will halt on signals encountered, so you can talk to the station(s) on
that frequency, if you like.
Scanning operation is basically the same in each of the above modes. Before you begin, take
a moment to select the way in which you would like the scanner to resume scanning after it
halts on a signal.
Setting the Scan-Resume Technique
Three options for the Scan-Resume mode are available:
BUSY: In this mode, the scanner will halt on a signal it encounters. Two seconds after the
carrier has dropped because the other station(s) ceased transmission, the scanner
will resume.
TIME: In this mode, the scanner will halt on a signal it encounters, and will hold there for
five seconds. If you do not take action to disable the scanner within five seconds, the
scanner will resume even if the stations are still active.
HOLD: In this mode, the scanner will halt on a signal it encounters. It will not restart automatically; rotate the DIAL knob to re-initiate scanning if you wish to resume.
To set the Scan-Resume mode:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #37 (SCAN).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to select the desired scan-resume mode.
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the
new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)]
key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
Note: The default condition for this Menu Item is “BUSY.”
40
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
SCANNING
VFO SCANNING
This mode allows you to scan the entire current operating band.
1. Select the VFO mode by pressing the [V/M(MW)] key, if necessary.
2. Press and hold in the [SCAN(SEL)] key for 1/2 second, then rotate the DIAL knob to
select the bandwidth for the VFO scanner. Available selections are ±1 MHz, ±2 MHz, ±5 MHz, ALL, PMS-X,
and BAND.
ALL: The scanner will sweep all frequencies between 108 - 520 MHz and 700 -999.990
MHz.
PMS-X: The scanner will sweep frequencies within the currently-selected PMS frequency
pair (X is PMS memory channel number). See page 45 for details.
BAND: The scanner will sweep frequencies only on the current band.
3. Press the [SCAN(SEL)] key momentarily to start scanning.
4. The “P-XX” indication will appear on the display if
you engage PMS scanning, while the “P SC” indication will appear on the display when other scanning
modes are engaged.
5. If and when the scanner encounters a signal strong enough to open the squelch, the
scanner will halt temporarily; the decimal point of the frequency display will blink during this “Pause” condition.
6. The scanner will then resume according to the Scan-Resume mode selected in the previous section.
7. To cancel scanning, press the [SCAN(SEL)] key momentarily again (or press the
microphone’s PTT key).
1) When you start scanning, the FT-7800R will be changing frequency in the
upward direction. If you want to change direction of the scan while it is underway,
rotate the DIAL knob one click in the opposite direction (in this case, one click counterclockwise). You’ll see the scanner turn around and change frequency downward!
2) Pressing and holding in the microphone’s [UP] or [DWN] key will cause the scanner to
sweep frequencies only on the current band. If you would like the scanner not to be
restricted to the current band, you may change Menu #46 (VFO.BND) to allow the scanner to hop to the low edge of the next-highest band when the VFO frequency reaches the
high end of the current band (or vice- versa). See page 75 for details.
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
41
SCANNING
MEMORY SCANNING
Memory scanning is similarly easy to initiate:
1. Set the radio to the Memory mode by pressing the [V/M(MW)] key, if necessary.
2. Press the [SCAN(SEL)] key to initiate scanning.
3. As with VFO scanning, the scanner will halt on any signal encountered that is strong
enough to open the squelch; it will then resume scanning according to the Scan-Resume
mode set previously.
4. To cancel scanning, press the [SCAN(SEL)] key again (or press the microphone’s PTT
key).
You may initiate the memory channel scan by pressing and holding in the
microphone’s [UP] or [DWN] key.
How to Skip (Omit) a Channel During Memory Scan Operation
Some continuous-carrier stations like a Weather Broadcast station will seriously impede
scanner operation if you are using the “Carrier Drop” Scan-Resume mode, as the incoming
signal will not pause long enough for the transceiver to resume scanning. Such channels may
be “Skipped” during scanning, if you like:
Set the radio to the Memory Mode by pressing the [V/M(MW)] key, if necessary.
Rotate the DIAL knob to select the Memory Channel to be skipped during scanning.
Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #40 (SKIP).
Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to “SKIP.” The current Memory Channel
will now be ignored during scanning. The small “SKIP”
icon will also appear when you recall the “Skipped”
memory channel manually. The “ONLY” selection is used
for “Preferential Memory Scan,” described in the next column.
6. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the new setting, then press and hold in
the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
7. To re-institute a channel into the scanning loop, select “OFF” in step 5 above (the “Skipped”
channel will still be accessible via manual channel selection methods using the DIAL
knob in the MR mode, whether or not it is locked out of the scanning loop).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
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FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
SCANNING
MEMORY SCANNING
Preferential Memory Scan
The FT-7800R also allows you to set up a “Preferential Scan List” of channels which you
can “flag” within the memory system. These channels are
designated by a “” icon when you have selected them,
one by one, for the Preferential Scan List.
When you initiate memory scanning, beginning on a channel with the “” icon appended,
only those channels bearing the “” icon will be scanned. If you initiate scanning on a
channel which does not have the “” icon appended, you will scan all channels including
those with the “” icon appended.
Here is the procedure for setting up and using the Preferential Scan List:
1. Press the [V/M(MW)] key momentarily to enter the Memory Recall mode, if you are not
using memories already.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the channel which you wish to add to the Preferential
Scan List.
3. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
4. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #40 (SKIP).
5. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to “ONLY.” The current channel is listed
on the “Preferential Scan List.”
6. When you have made your selections, press the
[BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to exit to normal
operation.
7. To remove a channel from the Preferential Scan List, select “OFF” in step 5 above.
To initiate Preferential Memory Scan:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #38 (SCN MD).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to “ONLY.”
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the
new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)]
key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
5. Now, press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to initiate Preferential Memory Scanning. Only the channels which have the “” icon appended to the channel number will
be scanned.
6. To cancel Preferential Memory Scanning, select “MEM” in step 3 above.
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
43
SCANNING
MEMORY SCANNING
Memory Bank Scan
When the Memory Bank feature is engaged, the scanner sweeps only memory channels in
the current Memory Bank. However, if the Memory Bank Link Scan feature is enabled, you
may sweep the memory channels in several Memory Banks which you have selected.
To enable the Memory Bank Link Scan feature:
1. Set the radio to the Memory mode by pressing the [V/M(MW)] key, if necessary.
2. Press and hold in the [SCAN(SEL)] key for 1/2 second, then rotate the DIAL knob to select the first Memory
Bank (“BANK 1” ~ “BANK20”) you wish to sweep using Memory Bank Link Scan.
3. Press the [SCAN(SEL) key momentarily. The current
Memory Bank will now be swept during Memory Bank
Scan. A “decimal point” will be appended on the Memory Bank number indication.
4. Repeat steps 2 and 3 above, to append the “decimal point” to any other Memory Banks
you wish to sweep.
5. Now, press and hold in the [SCAN(SEL) key for 1/2 second to initiate scanning.
6. To remove a Memory Bank from the Memory Bank Link Scan, repeat step 2 and 3
above, to delete the “decimal point” from the Memory Bank number indication.
Weather Alert Scan
This feature allows you to check a Weather Broadcast Memory Channel while operating on
a VFO scan or Memory channel scan.
When the Weather Alert Scan feature is engaged, the FT-7800R will check the Weather
Broadcast Memory Channels for activity every five seconds while operating on a VFO scan
or Memory channel scan.
To enable the Weather Alert Scan feature:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #48 (WX ALT).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to “ALT.ON” (to enabling the Weather
Alert Scan feature).
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the
new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)]
key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
5. To disable the Weather Alert Scan feature, select “ALT.OFF” in step 3 above.
When the Weather Alert Scan feature is engaged, the Scan-Resume mode is fixed
to “TIME.”
44
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
SCANNING
PROGRAMMABLE (BAND LIMIT) MEMORY SCAN (PMS)
This feature allows you to set sub-band limits for either scanning or manual VFO operation.
For example, you might with to set up a limit (in North America) of 144.300 MHz to 148.000
MHz so as to prevent encroachment into the SSB/CW “Weak Signal” portion of the band
below 144.300 MHz. Here’s how to do this:
1. Set the radio to the VFO mode by pressing the [V/M(MW)] key, if necessary.
2. Using the techniques learned earlier, store 144.300 MHz into Memory Channel “L1”
(the “L” designates the Lower sub-band limit).
3. Likewise, store 148.000 MHz into Memory Channel “U1” (the “U” designates the Upper sub-band limit).
4. Switch to the Memory mode by pressing the [V/M(MW)]
key once, then rotate the DIAL knob to select Memory
Channel “L1.”
5. Press the [BAND(SEL)] key momentarily to start PMS
” label will appear on the display.
operation; the “
Tuning and scanning (engaged by pressing the
[SCAN(SEL)] key momentarily) will now be limited within the just-programmed range.
6. Fifty pairs of Band Limit memories, labeled L1/U1 through L50/U50, are available.
You therefore can set upper and lower operation limits on a number of bands, if you like.
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
45
SCANNING
“PRIORITY CHANNEL” SCANNING (DUAL WATCH)
The FT-7800R’s scanning features include a two-channel scanning capability which allows
you to operate on a VFO, Memory channel, Home channel, or Weather Broadcast Channel,
while periodically checking a user-defined “Priority” Memory Channel for activity. If a
station is received on the “Priority” Channel which is strong enough to open the Squelch, the
scanner will pause on that station in accordance with the Scan-Resume mode set via Menu
#37 (SCAN). See page 73.
Here is the procedure for activating Priority Channel Dual Watch operation:
VFO Priority
1. Recall the memory channel you wish to use as the “Priority” frequency.
2. Now set the FT-7800R for operation on a VFO frequency.
3. Press and hold in the [MHz(PRI)] key for 1/2 second to activate the VFO Priority mode.
The display will remain on the VFO frequency, but every five seconds the FT-7800R will check the Priority
Channel (memory channel) for activity.
4. Press and hold in the [MHz(PRI)] key for 1/2 second to disable the VFO Priority mode
and exit to regular VFO operation.
Memory Priority
1. Store the frequency you wish to be the “Priority” Channel into memory channel “1.”
2. Now set the FT-7800R for operation on another memory channel.
3. Press and hold in the [MHz(PRI)] key for 1/2 second to activate the Memory Priority
mode. The display will remain on the current memory
channel frequency, but every five seconds the FT-7800R
will check the Priority Channel (memory channel “1”
for activity.
4. Press and hold in the [MHz(PRI)] key for one second to disable the Memory Priority
mode and exit to regular memory operation.
When the Memory Bank feature is activated, the FT-7800R will check the lowest
memory channel in the Memory Bank as the priority channel.
HOME Priority
1. Recall the memory channel you wish to use as the “Priority” frequency.
2. Now set the FT-7800R for operation on a HOME channel.
3. Press and hold in the [MHz(PRI)] key for 1/2 second to activate the HOME Priority mode.
The display will remain on the HOME channel frequency,
but every five seconds the FT-7800R will check the Priority Channel (memory channel) for activity.
4. Press and hold in the [MHz(PRI)] key for 1/2 second to disable the HOME Priority
mode and exit to regular Home channel operation.
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FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
SCANNING
“PRIORITY CHANNEL” SCANNING (DUAL WATCH)
WX Priority
1. Recall the memory channel you wish to use as the “Priority” frequency.
2. Now set the FT-7800R for operation on a WX channel
by pressing and holding in the [LOW(ACC)] key for 1/
2 second.
3. Press and hold in the [MHz(PRI)] key for 1/2 second to activate the WX Priority mode.
The display will remain on the WX channel frequency, but every five seconds the FT7800R will check the Priority Channel (memory channel) for activity.
4. Press and hold in the [MHz(PRI)] key for 1/2 second to disable the WX Priority mode
and exit to regular WX channel operation.
Priority Revert Mode
During Priority channel operation (Dual Watch), a special feature is available which
will allow you to move to the Priority channel instantly, without waiting for activity
to appear on the Priority channel.
When this feature is enabled, and Priority monitoring is engaged, just press the
microphone’s PTT switch; operation will instantly revert to the Priority channel.
To enable the Priority Revert operation:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #34
(PRI.RVT).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then
rotate the DIAL knob to change the setting to
“RVT.ON.”
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save
the new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to
exit to normal operation.
5. To disable Priority Revert operation, select “RVT.OFF” in step 3 above.
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
47
SMART SEARCH
The Smart Search feature allows you to load frequencies automatically according to where
activity is encountered by your radio. When Smart Search is engaged, the transceiver will
search above and below your current frequency, storing active frequencies as it goes (without stopping on them even momentarily); these frequencies are stored into a special Smart
Search memory band, consisting of 31 memories (15 above the current frequency, 15 below
the current frequency, plus the current frequency itself).
The Smart Search feature is especially useful when visiting a city for the first time, where
you may be unfamiliar with the repeater frequencies; Smart Search discovers where the
local activity is to be found, and automatically loads those frequencies for you.
Two basic operating modes for Smart Search are available:
SINGLE: In this mode, the transceiver will sweep the current band once in each direction
starting on the current frequency. All channels where activity is present will be
loaded into the Smart Search memories; whether or not all 31 memories are filled,
the search will stop after one sweep in each direction.
CONT: In this mode, the transceiver will make one pass in each direction as with One-Shot
searching; if all 31 channels are not filled after the first sweep, however, the radio
will continue sweeping until they are all filled.
Setting the Smart Search Mode
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #36 (S SRCH).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to select the desired Smart Search mode
(see above).
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the
new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)]
key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
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FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
SMART SEARCH
Activating the Smart Search
1. Set the radio to the VFO mode by pressing the [V/M(MW)] key, if necessary.
2. Press the [S.SCH(ARTS)] key momentarily to begin the Smart Search scanning.
3. As active channels are detected, you will observe the number of “loaded” channels increasing in the regular memory channel window.
4. Depending on the mode you set for Smart Search operation (“SINGLE” or “CONT”), the Smart Search scan
will eventually terminate, and the LCD will revert to
Smart Search Memory Channel “C.”
5. To recall the Smart Search memories just stored, rotate the DIAL knob or press the
microphone’s [UP]/[DWN] keys.
6. If you find particular channels which you wish to store into “regular” memory channels,
follow the memory storage procedures described on page 32.
7. To return to normal operation, just press the [V/M(MW)] key.
The Smart Search memories are so-called “soft” memories; they will lost if you
exit the Smart Search mode or initiate a new Smart Search sweep.
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
49
ARTS™: AUTO RANGE TRANSPONDER SYSTEM
The ARTS feature uses DCS signaling to inform both parties when you and another ARTSequipped station are within communications range. This may be particularly useful during
Search-and Rescue situations, where is important to stay in contact with other members of
your group.
Both stations must set up their DCS codes to the same code number, then activate their
ARTS feature using the command appropriate for their radio. Alert ringers may be activated,
if desired.
Whenever you push the PTT switch, or every 25 seconds
after ARTS is activated, your radio will transmit a signal
which includes a (subaudible) DCS signal for about one
second. If the other radio is in range, the beeper will sound
(if enabled) and the display will show “IN.RNG” as opposed
to the out of range display “OUT.RNG” in which ARTS operation begins.
Whether you talk or not, the polling every 25 seconds will continue until you de-activate
ARTS. Every 10 minutes, moreover, you can have your radio transmit your callsign via CW,
so as to comply with identification requirements. When ARTS is de-activated, DCS will also
be deactivated (if you were not using it previously in non-ARTS operation).
If you move out of range for more than one minute (two pollings), your radio will sense that
no signal has been received, three beeps will sound, and the display will revert to “OUT.RNG.”
If you move back into range, your radio will again beep, and the display will change back to
the “IN.RNG” indication.
During ARTS operation, it is not possible to change the operating frequency or other settings; you must terminate ARTS in order to resume normal operation. This is a safety feature
designed to prevent accidental loss of contact due to channel change, etc. Here is how to
activate ARTS:
Basic ARTS Setup and Operation
1. Set your radio and the other radio(s) to the same DCS code number, per the discussion
on page 29.
2. Press and hold in the [S.SCH(ARTS)] key for 1/2 second. You will observe the “OUT. RNG” display on the
LCD. ARTS operation has now commenced.
3. Every 25 seconds, your radio will transmit a “polling” call to the other station. When that
station responds with its own ARTS polling signal, the
display will change to “IN.RNG” to confirm that the other
station’s polling code was received in response to yours.
4. Press and hold in the [S.SCH(ARTS)] key for 1/2 second to exit ARTS operation and
resume normal operation of the transceiver.
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FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
ARTS™: AUTO RANGE TRANSPONDER SYSTEM
ARTS Polling Time Options
The ARTS feature may be programmed to poll every 25 seconds (default value) or 15 seconds. The default value provides maximum battery conservation, because the polling signal
is sent out less frequently. To change the polling interval:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #3 (AR INT).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to select the desired polling interval (15
or 25 seconds).
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the
new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)]
key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
ARTS Alert Beep Option
The ARTS feature allows two kinds of alert beeps (with the additional option of turning
them off), so as to alert you to the current status of ARTS operation. Depending on your
location and the potential annoyance associated with frequent beeps, you may choose the
Beep mode which best suits your needs. The choices are:
INRANG: The beeps are issued only when the radio first confirms that you are within range,
but does not re-confirm with beeps thereafter.
ALWAYS: Every time a polling transmission is received from the other station, the alert
beeps will be heard.
OFF:
No alert beeps will be heard; you must look at the display to confirm current
ARTS status.
To set the ARTS Beep mode, use the following procedure:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for one second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #2 (AR BEP).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to select the desired ARTS Beep mode
(see above).
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the
new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)]
key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
51
ARTS™: AUTO RANGE TRANSPONDER SYSTEM
CW Identifier Setup
The ARTS feature includes a CW identifier, as discussed previously. Every ten minutes
during ARTS operation, the radio can be instructed to send “DE (your callsign) K” if this
feature is enabled. The callsign field may contain up to 6 characters.
Here’s how to program the CW Identifier:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #8 (CW WRT).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily.
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily again to enable entry of your callsign.
5. Rotate the DIAL knob one click clockwise to begin entry of the letters and numbers in your callsign.
6. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to set the first
letter or number in your callsign.
7. When the correct character has been selected, press the
[BAND(SET)] key momentarily to move on to the next
character.
8. Repeat steps 6 and 7 as many times as necessary to complete your callsign.
9. Press the [SCAN(SEL)] key to delete all data after the
cursor that may have been previously stored (erroneously).
10. When you have entered your entire callsign, press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key
for 1/2 second to confirm the callsign, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for
1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
11. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second
to enter the Set mode again, then rotate the DIAL knob
to select Menu #7 (CWID).
12. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to select “TX ON” (to enable the CW
identifier).
13. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the new setting, then press and hold in
the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
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FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
NOTE
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
53
DTMF AUTODIALER OPERATION
Sixteen DTMF Autodialer memories are available on the FT-7800R. These DTMF Autodialer
memories can store up to 16 digits of a telephone number for repeater autopatch or other
uses.
To load DTMF Autodialer memories, use following procedure:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #14 (DT WRT).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to select the DTMF Autodialer memory
channel number (“d-1” through “d-16”) into which you
wish store a telephone number.
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to select the first digit of the telephone
number you wish to store.
5. When you have selected the correct digit, press the
[BAND(SET)] key momentarily. Now, rotate the DIAL
knob to select the second of the 16 available numbers in
this current DTMF Audodialer memory register.
6. Repeat this procedure for each digit in the telephone number. Press the [SCAN(SEL)]
key momentarily to delete any previously-stored data
after the cursor. If you make a mistake, press the
microphone’s [DWN] key to move back to the first digit,
then re-enter the correct number.
7. When entry of all digits is complete, press and hold in
the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to save the new
setting.
8. If you wish to store another DTMF string, rotate the
DIAL knob to select another DTMF memory register,
then repeat steps 4 through 7 above.
9. When all required DTMF memories are filled to your satisfaction, press and hold in the
[BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
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FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
DTMF AUTODIALER OPERATION
To transmit the memorized telephone number, use the following procedure:
1. Press the PTT switch.
2. While still holding the PTT switch in, press the microphone’s [UP]/[DWN] key to select
the DTMF Autodialer memory channel to be transmitted then press the [BAND(SET)]
key momentarily to transmit the tone string.
Once you have pressed the [BAND(SET)] key in the above step, you can release the PTT
switch, as the Autodialer will transmit the whole DTMF string automatically.
To speed at which the DTMF digits are sent can be changed. Three speed levels are available: 50 ms (High: 10 digits per second), 75 ms (Mid: 7 digits per second), and 100 ms
(Low: 5 digits per second).
To select the speed, use the following procedure:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #13 (DT SPD).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to select the desired speed (50/75/100
ms).
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the
new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)]
key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
You can also set a longer delay between the time you press the [BAND(SET)] key (with
PTT switch pressed) and the first DTMF digit is sent.
To set a delay time, use the following procedure:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #12 (DT DLY).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to select the desired time (50/100/250/
450/750/1000 ms).
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the
new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)]
key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
55
INTERNET CONNECTION FEATURE
The FT-7800R can be used to access a repeater or base station which is configured to
provide access to the Vertex Standard WIRESTM (Wide-Coverage Internet Repeater Enhancement System) operating in the “SRG” (“Sister Radio Group”) mode.
1. Press the [ ] key momentarily to activate the WIRESTM
access capability. The “ ” icon will appear on the display.
2. Press and hold in the [ ] key for 1/2 second, rotate the DIAL knob to select the access
number (ICOD “0” ~ “9,” “A,” “B,” “C,” “D,” “E (),” or “F (#)”) corresponding to the
WIRESTM repeater to which you wish to establish an
Internet link (ask your repeater owner/operator if you
don’t know the access numbers in the network), then
press the [ ] key momentarily to lock in the selected access number.
3. With the WIRESTM capability activated (as in step 1 above), the FT-7800R will generate a brief (0.1 second) DTMF tone according to your selection in step 2. This DTMF
tone is sent at the beginning of every transmission to establish or maintain the link to the
remote WIRESTM repeater.
4. To disable the WIRESTM access capability, press the [ ] key again.
You may access other Internet Linking Systems (including WIRES™ in the “FRG” mode)
that use a DTMF string for access.
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #14 (DT WRT).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then load the
DTMF tones which you wish to use to establish an
Internet link (ask your repeater owner/operator if you don’t know the access numbers in
the network) into the desired DTMF Memory channel.
1) Rotate the DIAL knob to select the DTMF Autodialer
memory channel number (“d-1” through “d-16”).
2) Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily.
3) Rotate the DIAL knob to select the DTMF code, then
press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to move
the digit.
4) Repeat step (3) above to complete the DTMF string.
5) Press and hold the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to save the new setting, then press and hold the
[BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to exit to normal
operation.
4. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second
to enter the Set mode again, then rotate the DIAL knob
to select Menu #18 (I NET).
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FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
INTERNET CONNECTION FEATURE
5. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to set this Item to “INT.MEM” (to enable
the alternative Internet Link, and disable the WIRESTM
SRG access option).
6. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the new setting, then press and hold in
the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
7. Press the [ ] key momentarily to activate the Internet
Link System. The “ ” icon will then appear on the
display.
8. Press and hold in the [ ] key for 1/2 second, rotate the DIAL knob to select the DTMF
access number (“IMEM 1” ~ “IMEM16”) corresponding to the Internet link repeater to
which you wish to establish an Internet link, then press
the [ ] key momentarily to lock in the selected access
number.
9. With the Internet link feature activated (as in step 7 above), press the [ ] key while you
are transmitting, to send out the DTMF tones according to your selection in step 8 (to
establish the link to the Internet link repeater).
10. To disable the Internet link feature, press the [ ] key again.
To return to WIRESTM, recall Menu #18 (I NET) then set it to “INT.COD.”
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
57
MISCELLANEOUS SETTINGS
TIME-OUT TIMER
The “Time-Out Timer” (TOT) feature is designed to force the transceiver into the “receive”
mode after a preset time period of continuous transmission (the default is 6 minutes). This
feature prevents your transceiver from transmitting a “dead carrier” for a long period of time
in the event that the microphone PTT switch is accidentally locked in the “TX” condition.
The Time-Out Timer’s “switch-to-receive” time may be adjusted, in one minute increments,
for any period between 1 and 30 minutes.
To change the default (6 minute) time setting, use the following procedure:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #45 (TOT).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
theDIAL knob to select the desired interval (between 1
and 30 minutes), or OFF. You will hear a beep, while
rotating the DIAL knob, as you pass the default sixminute selection.
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the new setting, then press and hold in
the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
When the TOT Timer reaches 10 seconds before the TOT shut-down time, a ringer sounds
to alert you to the impending shut-down.
AUTOMATIC POWER-OFF
The “Automatic Power-Off” (APO) feature will turn the radio completely off after a userdefined period of PTT switch or key/button inactivity. If you do not press any front panel
keys or buttons, rotate the DIAL knobs or use the microphone’s keys and buttons, or transmit,
and so long as the transceiver is not scanning or engaged in priority monitoring, the radio will
shut itself off after the specified time period. This feature is useful in minimizing battery drain
in a mobile installation if you forget to turn the transceiver off when you leave your vehicle.
To activate the APO feature, use the following procedure:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #1 (APO).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to set the desired “switch-off” time (between 0.5 and 12 hours in 0.5 hours increments), or OFF
(the default selection).
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the
new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to exit to
normal operation.
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FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
MISCELLANEOUS SETTINGS
AUTOMATIC POWER-OFF
When APO is activated, the “ ” icon will appear on the LCD. If there is no action by you
within the time interval programmed, the “ ” icon blinks
and a ringer sounds 3 minutes before the APO shut-down
time; three minutes thereafter, the microprocessor will shut
down the radio automatically.
Just press and hold in the PWR (
after an APO shutdown, as usual.
) switch for 1/2 second to turn the transceiver back on
MIC GAIN CONTROL
You can reduce the microphone input level when operating on tightly-clustered frequencies
(channel spacing of 12.5 or 15 kHz). This will reduce the transmitter deviation, thus minimizing interference to other users.
To configure for the narrower bandwidth, use the following procedure:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #47 (WID.NAR).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to change the display to “NARROW.”
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the
new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)]
key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
To restore the normal (higher) microphone input level, select “WIDE” in step 3 above.
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
59
MISCELLANEOUS SETTINGS
PROGRAMMING THE KEY ASSIGNMENTS
Default FT-7800R functions have been assigned to “alternate” (press and hold in) function
of the front panel’s [LOW(ACC)] key, as well as the Microphone’s [P1]/[P2]/[P3]/[P4]
buttons’ functions (for the MH-48A6J; [ACC]/[P]/[P1]/[P2] buttons for MH-42B6JS) at the
factory. These may be changed by the user, if you wish to utilize another function on one of
these keys.
To program the function assigned to a key:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the Menu Item to be
configured (“#27 PRG PNL,” “#28 PRG P1
(PRG ACC),” “#29 PRG P2 (PRG P),” “#30 PRG P3
(PRG P1),” or “#31 PRG P4 (PRG P2)”).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to select the function you wish to assign
to the button you selected in the previous step.
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key to save the new setting, then rotate the DIAL knob to select
another programmable button to modify, if desired, and repeat the above steps.
5. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the new setting, then press and hold in
the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
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FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
MISCELLANEOUS SETTINGS
PROGRAMMING THE KEY ASSIGNMENTS
For Menu #27 PRG PNL
Function
< WX >
< REV >
< RPTR >
< SQ.OF >
< LOCK >
< DIM >
Press and hold the [LOW(ACC)] key
Recall the Weather Broadcast Channels.
Reverses the transmit and receive frequencies during split-frequency operation.
Selects Repeater Shift direction.
Disable the noise squelch action, allowing you to hear very weak signals
near the background noise level.
Selects the Key locking schemes. (Short-cut to Menu #21: LOCK)
Sets the display Brightness.
For Menu #28 PRG P1 (PRG ACC ), #29 PRG P2 (PRG P), #30 PRG P3 (PRG P1), #31 PRG P4 (PRG P2)
Function
< SQ.OF >
< TCAL >
< SSCH >
< ARTS >
< TN.FQ >
< DCSC>
< WX >
< RPTR >
< PRI >
< LOW >
< TONE >
< MHz >
< REV >
< HOME >
< BAND >
< V/M >
< SCAN >
Press the button
Disable the noise squelch action, allowing you to hear very weak signals
near the background noise level.
Activates 1750 Hz Tone Burst.
Activate the Smart Search operation.
Activate the ARTSTM operation.
Select the CTCSS Tone Frequency.
(Short-cut to Menu #44: TN FRQ)
Select the DCS code.
(Short-cut to Menu #9: DCS.COD)
Recall the Weather Broadcast Channels.
Selects Repeater Shift direction.
Activates the Priority Channel Scanning (Dual Watch).
Selects the transmit power output
level.
Activates the CTCSS or DCS operation.
Allows tuning in 1-MHz step on the
VFO frequency.
Reverses the transmit and receive
frequencies during split-frequency
operation.
Recall the Home Channel.
Switches operating band.
Switches frequency control among
the VFO, Memory System, and
Home channel.
Activate the Scanner.
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
Press and hold the button
Disable the noise squelch action, allowing you to hear very weak signals
near the background noise level.
Activates 1750 Hz Tone Burst.
Activate the ARTSTM operation.
–
–
–
–
Selects Repeater Shift direction.
–
Recall the Weather Broadcast Channels.
Reverses the transmit and receive
frequencies during split-frequency
(repeater) operation.
Activates the Priority Channel Scanning (Dual Watch).
Selects Repeater Shift direction.
Switch the Memory Channel display
between the “Frequency” format and
“Alpha-numeric Tag” format.
Enter the Set (“Menu”) mode.
Transfer the VFO contents into a
Memory register.
Select the scan mode.
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MISCELLANEOUS SETTINGS
DCS CODE INVERSION
The DCS system was first introduced in the commercial LMR (Land Mobile Radio) service,
where it is now in widespread use. DCS is sometime referred to by its different proprietary
names, such as DPL® (Digital Private Line®, a registered trademark of Motorola, Inc.).
DCS uses a codeword consisting of a 23-bit frame, transmitted (subaudible) at a data rate of
134.4 bps (bit/sec). Occasionally, signal inversion can result in the complement of a code to
be sent or received. This prevents the receiver’s squelch from opening with DCS enabled, as
the decoded bit sequence would not match that selected for operation.
Typical situations that might cause inversion to occur are:
Connection of an external receiver preamplifier.
Operating through a repeater.
Connection of an external linear amplifier.
Note that code inversion does not mean that any of the above listed equipment is defective!
In certain amplifier configurations, the output signal (phase) is inverted from the input.
Small signal or power amplifiers having an odd number (1, 3, 5, etc.) of amplification stages
may result in inversion of a transmitted or received DCS code.
While under most circumstances this should not occur (amplifier designs and industry standards take this into account), if you find that your receiver squelch does not open when both
you and the other station are using a common DCS code, you or the other station (but not
both) can try the following:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #10 (DCS.N/R).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to select the following mode.
T/RX N: Encoder; Normal, Decoder; Normal
RX R: Encoder; Normal, Decoder; Reverse (Inverted)
TX R: Encoder; Reverse (Inverted), Decoder; Normal
T/RX R: Encoder; Reverse (Inverted), Decoder; Reverse (Inverted)
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the new setting, then press and hold in
the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
Remember to restore the default setting to “T/RX N” (Encoder; Normal, Decoder; Normal)
when done.
62
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
RESET PROCEDURE
In the event of erratic operation of the transceiver, it is possible that data on the microprocessor may have become corrupted. While this is a highly unusual situation, the only path ro
recovery may involve resetting of the microprocessor. Here’s how to do this:
1. Turn the radio off.
2. Press and hold in the [MHz(PRI)] key while turning the radio on.
3. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the resetting menu:
F-1 SETRST: Resets the Set (Menu) mode settings to their factory defaults.
F-2 HYPRST: Clears the Hyper Memory settings to factory defaults.
F-3 MEMRST: Clears the Regular Memory settings to factory defaults.
F-4 MB RST: Clears the Memory Bank Assignment.
F-5 ALLRST: Clears all memories and other settings to factory defaults.
4. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to complete the reset procedure,
once you have made your selection in step 3.
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
63
CLONING
You can transfer all data stored in one FT-7800R to another FT-7800R by utilizing the
handy “Cloning” feature. This requires a user-constructed Cloning cable which connects the
DATA jacks on the two transceivers, as shown below.
To clone from one transceiver to another, use the following procedure:
1. Insert the Cloning Cable into the DATA jack of each transceiver.
2. Turn both transceivers off, then press and hold in the [MHz(PRI)] key on each radio
while turning the power on again.
3. Rotate the DIAL knob on each radio to select (F-7 CLONE), then press and hold in the
[BAND(SET)] key. The display will disappear for a
moment, then the “CLONE” notation will appear on the
display.
4. On the “destination” radio, press the [LOW(ACC)] key.
The “- - RX - -” indicator will appear on the display.
5. Now, on the “Source” radio, press the [V/M(MW)] key.
The “- - TX - -” indicator will appear on the display, and
the cloning data transfer will immediately begin.
6. If there is a problem during the cloning process, “ERROR” will be displayed. Check your cable connections,
and try again.
7. If cloning was successful, “CLONE” will reappear on both displays.
8. Turn both transceivers off, then remove the Cloning Cable. Channel and operating data
for both radios are now identical. They both may be turned on now for normal operation.
ANT
13.8VDC
ANT
EXT SP
13.8VDC
EXT SP
DATA
DATA
PKS
GND
64
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
MENU (“SET”) MODE
The FT-7800R Set (Menu) mode, already described in parts of many previous chapters, is
easy to activate and set. It may be used for configuration of a wide variety of transceiver
parameters, some of which have not been detailed previously. Use the following procedure
to activate the Set (Menu) mode:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the Menu Item to be
adjusted.
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to enable
adjustment of the selected Menu item, then rotate the
DIAL knob to perform the actual adjustment.
4. After completing your selection and adjustment, press
the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the new setting, then press and hold in the
[BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
You may see the small letters “HYP” or “E CH” at the upper left-hand corner in
the display while adjusting certain Menu items. These denote special characteristics of these particular Menu items:
1) The “HYP” character indicates that each Hyper Memory may have distinct parameters assigned to it pertaining to this Menu item;
2) The “E CH” character indicates that each Operating Mode (VFO, Memory Channel,
or Home Channel) may have distinct parameters assigned to it pertaining to this Menu
item.
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
65
MENU (“SET”) MODE
Item
#
Menu Item
Available Values
(Default: Bold Itaric)
Function
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
APO
AR BEP
AR INT
ARS
BEEP
CLK.SFT
CWID
CW WRT
DCS.COD
DCS.N/R
DIMMER
DT DLY
Selects the Automatic Power Off time (time before power goes off).
Selects the ARTS beep mode.
Selects the Polling Interval during ARTS operation.
Activates/deactivates the Automatic Repeater Shift feature.
Enables/disables the beeper.
Shifting of CPU clock frequency.
Enables/disables the CW identifier during ARTS operation.
Stores your callsign into the CW identifier.
Setting the DCS code.
Selects “Normal” or “Inverted” DCS coding.
Setting of the Display brightness level.
Setting of the DTMF Autodialer Delay Time.
13
14
15
DT SPD
DT WRT
EDG.BEP
16
HM/REV
17
18
19
HYPER
I NET
INT CD
Setting of the DTMF Autodialer Sending Speed.
Loading of the DTMF Autodialer Memories.
Enables/Disables the Band-edge beeper while selecting the frequency
by the DIAL knob.
Selects the alternate function of the [TONE(HM/RV)] key and primary function of the [V/M(MW)] key.
Enables/disables the Automatic Writing feature for the Hyper Memory.
Selects the Internet Connection mode.
Selects the Access Number (DTMF digit) for WIRESTM operation.
20
INT MR
21
LOCK
22
23
MIC
NAME
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
Selects the Access Number (DTMF code) for non-WIRESTM Internet
Link System access.
Selects the Control Locking lockout combination.
OFF/0.5 H ~ 12.0 H
INRANG/ALWAYS/OFF
25sec/15sec
ARS.ON/ARS.OFF ()
KEY/KEY+SC/OFF
SFT.ON/SFT.OFF
TX ON/TX OFF
--104 DCS codes (023)
TRX N/RX R/TX R/TRX R
DIM 1/DIM 2/DIM 3/DIM.OFF
50MS/100MS/250MS/
450MS/750MS/1000MS
50MS/75MS/100MS
--BEP.ON/BEP.OFF
REV/HOME
MANUAL/1-AUTO/AUTO
INT.COD/INT.MEM
CODE 0 ~ 9/A/B/C/D/E/F
(CODE 1)
d- 1 ~ d16
LK KEY/LK DIAL/LK K+D/
LK PTT/LK P+K/LK P+D/
LK ALL/LK OFF
MH-48/MH-42
FREQ/ALPHA
Selects the microphone type to be used.
Toggle the display indication of the Memory/Home channel between
“frequency” and the channel’s “Alpha-numeric Tag.”
NM WRT
Stores Alpha-Numeric “Tags” for the Memory/Home channels.
--PKT.MIC
Enables/disables the microphone input during Packet operation.
MIC.ON/MIC.OFF
PKT.SPD
Sets the transceiver’s circuitry for the Packet baud rate to be used.
1200bps/9600bps
PRG.PNL
Programming the alternate (press and hold in) function of the front
WX/REV/RPTR/
panel’s [LOW(ACC)] key.
SQ.OF/LOCK/DIM
PRG P1(ACC) Programming the microphone’s [P1]/[ACC] button assignment.
SQ.OF/TCAL/SSCH/ARTS/WX/
PRG P2(P)
Programming the microphone’s [P2]/[P] button assignment.
TN.FQ/DCSC/RPTR/PRI/
PRG P3(P1)
Programming the microphone’s [P3]/[P1] button assignment.
LOW(#31)/TONE(#30)/MHz/REV/
PRG P4(P2)
Programming the microphone’s [P4]/[P2] button assignment.
HOME/BAND(#28)/V/M(#29)/SCAN
RF SQL
Adjust the RF SQL threshold level.
OFF/S-2 ~ 9/S-FULL
RPT.MOD
Sets the Repeater Shift Direction.
RPT.OFF/RPT.--/RPT.+ ()
PRI.RVT
Enables/Disables the Priority Revert feature.
RVT.ON/RVT.OFF
RX MOD
Selects the Receiving mode.
AUTO/FM/AM
S SRCH
Selects the Smart Search Sweep mode.
SINGLE/CONT
SCAN
Selects the Scan-Resume mode.
TIME/BUSY/HOLD
SCN MD
Selects the Memory Scan channel-selection mode.
MEM/ONLY
SHIFT
Sets the magnitude of the Repeater Shift.
0.00 ~ 99.95 MHz ()
SKIP
Selects what action will happen on a “flagged” Memory Channel.
OFF/SKIP/ONLY
SPLIT
Enables/Disables split CTCSS/DCS coding.
SPL.OFF/SPL.ON
SQL.TYP
Selects the Tone Encoder and/or Decoder mode.
OFF/ENC/ENCDEC/
REV TN/DCS
STEP
Sets the Synthesizer steps.
AUTO/5.0 k/10.0 k/12.5 k/
15.0 k/20.0 k/25.0 k/
50.0 k/100 k
TN FRQ
Sets the CTCSS Tone Frequency.
50 CTCSS Tones (100 Hz)
TOT
Sets the Time-Out Timer.
1 ~ 30 minutes or OFF
(6 minutes)
VFO.BND
Selects or disables the VFO band edge limiting for the current band.
BND.ON/BND.OFF
WID.NAR
Reducing the MIC Gain (and Deviation).
WIDE/NARROW
WX ALT
Enables/disables the Weather Alert Scan.
ALT.ON/ALT.OFF
: Depends on the band of operation.
66
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
MENU (“SET”) MODE
REPEATER SETTING
Activates/deactivates the Automatic Repeater Shift feature.
Sets the Repeater Shift Direction.
Sets the magnitude of the Repeater Shift.
CTCSS/DCS/DTMF SETTING
SET MODE ITEM
4 ARS
33 RPT.MOD
39 SHIFT
SET MODE ITEM
Setting the DCS code.
Selects “Normal” or “Inverted” DCS coding.
Setting of the DTMF Autodialer Delay Time.
9 DCS.COD
10 DCS.N/R
12 DT DLY
Setting of the DTMF Autodialer Sending Speed.
Loading of the DTMF Autodialer Memories.
Enables/Disables split CTCSS/DCS coding.
Selects the Tone Encoder and/or Decoder mode.
Sets the Synthesizer steps.
13
14
41
42
43
Sets the CTCSS Tone Frequency.
ARTS SETTING
Selects the ARTS beep mode.
Selects the Polling Interval during ARTS operation
Enables/disables the CW identifier during ARTS operation.
Stores your callsign into the CW identifier.
MEMORY SETTING
DT SPD
DT WRT
SPLIT
SQL.TYP
STEP
44 TN FRQ
SET MODE ITEM
2
3
7
8
AR BEP
AR INT
CWID
CW WRT
SET MODE ITEM
AVAILABLE VALUES (DEFAULT)
ARS.ON/ARS.OFF
RPT.OFF/RPT. --/RPT.+
0.00 ~ 99.95 MHz
AVAILABLE VALUES (DEFAULT)
104 Standard DCS codes (023)
TRX N/RX R/TX R/TRX R
50MS/100MS/250MS/450MS/
750MS/1000MS
50MS/75MS/100MS
--SPL.OFF/SPL.ON
OFF/ENC/ENCDEC/REV TN/DCS
AUTO/ 5.0 k/10.0 k/12.5 k/15.0 k/
20.0 k/25.0 k/50.0 k/100 k
50 Standard CTCSS Tones (100Hz)
AVAILABLE VALUES (DEFAULT)
INRANG/ALWAYS/OFF
25sec/15sec
TX ON/TX OFF
---
AVAILABLE VALUES (DEFAULT)
Toggle the display indication of the Memory/Home channel between 23 NAME
“frequency” and the channel’s “Alpha-numeric Tag.”
Stores Alpha-Numeric “Tags” for the Memory/Home channels.
24NM WRT
FREQ/ALPHA
SCAN SETTING
AVAILABLE VALUES (DEFAULT)
Enables/Disables the Priority Revert feature.
Selects the Smart Search Sweep mode.
Selects the Scan-Resume mode.
Selects the Memory Scan channel-selection mode.
Selects what action will happen on a “flagged” Memory Channel.
Enables/disables the Weather Alert Scan.
POWER SAVE SETTING
Selects the Automatic Power Off time (time before power goes off).
Sets the Time-Out Timer.
DISPLAY SETTING
Setting of the Display brightness level.
SWITCH/KNOB SETTING
SET MODE ITEM
34
36
37
38
40
48
PRI.RVT
S SRCH
SCAN
SCN MD
SKIP
WX ALT
SET MODE ITEM
1 APO
45 TOT
WIRES SETTING
RVT.ON/RVT.OFF
SINGLE/CONT
TIME/BUSY/HOLD
MEM/ONLY
OFF/SKIP/MEM
ALT.ON/ALT.OFF
AVAILABLE VALUES (DEFAULT)
OFF/0.5 H ~ 12.0 H
1 ~ 30 minutes or OFF (6 minutes)
SET MODE ITEM
AVAILABLE VALUES (DEFAULT)
11 DIMMER
DIM 1/DIM 2/DIM 3/DIM.OFF
SET MODE ITEM
AVAILABLE VALUES (DEFAULT)
Enables/disables the beeper
5 BEEP
Selects the alternate function (press and hold in) of the [TONE(HM/RV)] 16 HM/REV
key and primary function (press momentarily) of the [V/M(MW)] key.
Selects the Control Locking lockout combination.
21 LOCK
Programming the alternate (press and hold in) function of the front panel’s
[LOW(ACC)] key.
Programming the microphone’s [P1]/[ACC] button assignment.
Programming the microphone’s [P2]/[P] button assignment.
Programming the microphone’s [P3]/[P1] button assignment.
Programming the microphone’s [P4]/[P2] button assignment.
---
27 PRG.PNL
28
29
30
31
PRG P1(ACC)
PRG P2(P)
PRG P3(P1)
PRG P4(P2)
SET MODE ITEM
KEY/KEY+SC/OFF
REV/HOME
LK KEY/LK DIAL/LK K+D/LK PTT/
LK P+K/LK P+D/LK ALL/LK OFF
WX/REV/RPTR/SQ.OF/LOCK/DIM
SQ.OF/TCAL/SSCH/ARTS/TN.FQ/
DCSC/WX/RPTR/PRI/LOW (#31)/
TONE (#30)/MHz/REV/HOME/
BAND (#28)/V/M (#29)/SCAN
AVAILABLE VALUES (DEFAULT)
Selects the Internet Connection mode.
18 I NET
Selects the Access Number (DTMF digit) for WIRESTM operation.
19 INT CD
TM
Selects the Access Number (DTMF code) for non-WIRES Internet Link 20 INT MR
System access.
INT.COD/INT.MEM
CODE 0 ~ 9/A/B/C/D/E/F (CODE 1)
d-1 ~ d-16
MISCELLANEOUS SETTING
AVAILABLE VALUES (DEFAULT)
SET MODE ITEM
Shifting of CPU clock frequency.
Enables/Disables the Band-edge beeper while selecting the frequency
by the DIAL knob.
Enables/disables the Automatic Writing feature for the Hyper Memory.
Selects the microphone type to be used.
Enables/disables the microphone input during Packet operation.
Sets the transceiver’s circuitry for the Packet baud rate to be used.
Adjust the RF SQL threshold level.
6 CLK.SFT
15 EDG.BEP
SFT.ON/SFT.OFF
BEP.ON/BEP.OFF
17
22
25
26
32
Selects the Receiving mode.
Selects or disables the VFO band edge limiting for the current band.
Reducing the MIC Gain (and Deviation).
35 RX MOD
46 VFO.BND
47 WID.NAR
MANUAL/1-AUTO/AUTO
MH-48/MH-42
MIC.ON/MIC.OFF
1200bps/9600bps
OFF/S-2/S-3/S-4/S-5/S-6/S-7/S-8/
S-9/S-FULL
AUTO/FM/AM
BND.ON/BND.OFF
WIDE/NARROW
HYPER
MIC
PKT.MIC
PKT.SPD
RF SQL
: Depends on the band of operation.
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
67
MENU (“SET”) MODE
Menu #1 [APO]
Function: Selects the Automatic Power Off time (time before power goes off).
Available Values: OFF/0.5 H - 12.0 H in 0.5 hour multiples.
Default: OFF (Disables the APO feature)
Menu #2 [AR BEP]
Function: Selects the ARTS beep mode.
Available Values: INRANG/ALWAYS/OFF
Default: INRANG
INRANG: Activates the ARTS feature; a high tone beep will sound when the transceiver
first detects that you are within range, and a low beep will sound when the other
station goes out of range.
ALWAYS: Activates the ARTS feature; a high tone beep will sound every time a polling
transmission is received from the other station, and a low beep will sound once
when the other station goes out of range.
Menu #3 [AR INT]
Function: Selects the Polling Interval during ARTS operation.
Available Values: 25sec/15sec
Default: 25sec
Menu #4 [ARS]
Function: Activates/deactivates the Automatic Repeater Shift feature.
Available Values: ARS.ON/ARS.OFF
Default: Depends on the band of operation.
Menu #5 [BEEP]
Function: Enables/disables the beeper
Available Values: KEY/KEY+SC/OFF
Default: KEY+SC
KEY:
The Beeper sounds when you press any key.
KEY+SC: The Beeper sounds when you press a key, or when the scanner stops.
OFF:
Disable the beeper.
Menu #6 [CLK.SFT]
Function: Shifting of CPU clock frequency.
Available Values: SFT.ON/SFT.OFF
Default: SFT.OFF
This function is only used to move a spurious response “birdie,” should it fall on a desired
frequency.
68
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
MENU (“SET”) MODE
Menu #7 [CWID]
Function: Enables/disables the CW identifier during ARTS operation.
Available Values: TX ON/TX OFF
Default: TX OFF
Menu #8 [CW WRT]
Function: Stores your callsign into the CW identifier. Up to six characters may be stored.
See page 52 for details.
Menu #9 [DCS.COD]
Function: Setting the DCS code.
Available Values: 104 Standard DCS codes.
Default: DCS.023
Menu #10 [DCS.N/R]
Function: Selects “Normal” or “Inverted” DCS
coding.
Available Values: T/RX N, RX R, TX R, T/RX R
Default: T/RX N
DCS CODE
023 025 026 031 032 036 043 047 051 053
054 065 071 072 073 074 114 115 116 122
125 131 132 134 143 145 152 155 156 162
165 172 174 205 212 223 225 226 243 244
245 246 251 252 255 261 263 265 266 271
274 306 311 315 325 331 332 343 346 351
356 364 365 371 411 412 413 423 431 432
445 446 452 454 455 462 464 465 466 503
506 516 523 526 532 546 565 606 612 624
627 631 632 654 662 664 703 712 723 731
732 734 743 754
Menu #11 [DIMMER]
Function: Setting of the Display brightness level.
Available Values: DIM 1/DIM 2/DIM 3/DIM.OFF
Default: DIM 1
–
–
–
–
–
–
Menu #12 [DT DLY]
Function: Setting of the DTMF Autodialer Delay Time.
Available Values: 50MS/100MS/250MS/450MS/750MS/1000MS.
Default: 450MS
Menu #13 [DT SPD]
Function: Setting of the DTMF Autodialer Sending Speed.
Available Values: 50MS (high speed)/75MS (mid speed)/100MS (low speed) (ms)
Default: 50MS
Menu #14 [DT WRT]
Function: Loading of the DTMF Autodialer Memories. See page 54 for details.
Menu #15 [EDG.BEP]
Function: Enables/Disables the Band-edge beeper while selecting the frequency by the DIAL
knob.
Available Values: BEP.ON/BEP.OFF
Default: BEP.OFF
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
69
MENU (“SET”) MODE
Menu #16 [HM/REV]
Function: Selects the alternate function (press and hold in) of the [TONE(HM/RV)] key
and primary function (press momentarily) of the [V/M(MW)] key.
Available Values: REV/HOME
Default: REV
Selection Primary function of the
[V/M(MW)] key
REV
Press the [V/M(MW)] key momentarily
to switch the frequency control among
the VFO, Memory System, and Home
channel.
HOME
Press the [V/M(MW)] key momentarily
to switch the frequency control between the VFO and Memory System.
Alternate function of the
[TONE(HM/RV)] key
Press and hold in the [TONE(HM/RV)]
key for 1/2 second to reverse the
transmit and receive frequencies during repeater operation.
Press and hold in the [TONE(HM/RV)]
key for 1/2 second to recall a favorite
“Home” channel.
Menu #17 [HYPER]
Function: Enables/disables the Automatic Writing feature for the Hyper Memory.
Available Values: MANUAL/1-AUTO/AUTO
Default: 1-AUTO
MANUAL: Disables the Automatic Writing feature.
1-AUTO: Enables the Automatic Writing feature to the Hyper Memory “1” only. The
Hyper memory data changes automatically when the radio’s configuration is
changed (such as Mode change, Band change, etc.). Disable the Automatic
Writing feature to the Hyper Memory “2” through “5.”
AUTO:
Enables the Automatic Writing feature to the all Hyper Memoirs.
Menu #18 [I NET]
Function: Selects the Internet Connection mode.
Available Values: INT.COD/INT.MEM
Default: INT.COD
INT.COD: Sets up the Internet Connection mode for WIRESTM access.
INT.MEM: Sets up the Internet Connection mode for other (DTMF string) Internet Link
System access.
Menu #19 [INT CD]
Function: Selects the Access Number (DTMF digit) for WIRESTM operation.
Available Values: CODE “0” ~ CODE “9,” CODE “A,” CODE “B,” CODE “C,” CODE
“D,” CODE “E(),” CODE “F(#)”
Default: CODE “1”
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FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
MENU (“SET”) MODE
Menu #20 [INET M]
Function: Selects the Access Number (DTMF code) for non-WIRESTM Internet Link System access.
Available Values: d- 1 ~ d-16
Default: d- 1
Menu #21 [LOCK]
Function: Selects the Control Locking lockout combination.
Available Values: LK KEY/LK DIAL/LK K+D/LK PTT/LK P+K/LK P+D/LK ALL/
LK OFF
Default: LK OFF
Note: “K” = “KEY,” “D” = “DIAL,” “P” = “PTT”
Menu #22 [MIC]
Function: Selects the microphone type to be used.
Available Values: MH-48/MH-42
Default: MH-48
Menu #23 [NAME]
Function: Toggles the display indication of the Memory/Home channel between “frequency”
and the channel’s “Alpha-numeric Tag.”
Available Values: FREQ/ALPHA
Menu #24 [NM WRT]
Function: Stores Alpha-Numeric “Tags” for the Memory/Home channels.
See page 35 for details.
Menu #25 [PKT.MIC]
Function: Enables/disables the microphone input during Packet operation.
Available Values: MIC.ON/MIC.OFF
Default: MIC.OFF
Menu #26 [PKT.SPD]
Function: Sets the transceiver’s circuitry for the Packet baud rate to be used.
Available Values: 1200bps/9600bps
Default: 1200bps
Menu #27 [PRG.PNL]
Function: Programming the alternate (press and hold in) function of the front panel’s
[LOW(ACC)] key. See page 60 for details.
Available Values: WX/REV/RPTR/SQ.OF/LOCK/DIM
Default: WX
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
71
MENU (“SET”) MODE
Menu #28 [PRG P1 (PRG ACC)]
Function: Programming the microphone’s [P1]/[ACC] button assignment. See page 60 for
details.
Available Values: SQ.OF/TCAL/SSCH/ARTS/TN.FQ/DCSC/WX/RPTR/PRI/LOW/TONE/
MHz/REV/HOME/BAND/(V/M)/SCAN
Default: BAND
Menu #29 [PRG P2 (PRG P)]
Function: Programming the microphone’s [P2]/[P] button assignment. See page 60 for
details.
Available Values: SQ.OF/TCAL/SSCH/ARTS/TN.FQ/DCSC/WX/RPTR/PRI/LOW/TONE/
MHz/REV/HOME/BAND/(V/M)/SCAN
Default: V/M
Menu #30 [PRG P3 (PRG P1)]
Function: Programming the microphone’s [P3]/[P1] button assignment. See page 60 for
details.
Available Values: SQ.OF/TCAL/SSCH/ARTS/TN.FQ/DCSC/WX/RPTR/PRI/LOW/TONE/
MHz/REV/HOME/BAND/(V/M)/SCAN
Default: TONE
Menu #31 [PRG P4 (PRG P2)]
Function: Programming the microphone’s [P4]/[P2] button assignment. See page 60 for
details.
Available Values: SQ.OF/TCAL/SSCH/ARTS/TN.FQ/DCSC/WX/RPTR/PRI/LOW/TONE/
MHz/REV/HOME/BAND/(V/M)/SCAN
Default: LOW
Menu #32 [RF SQL]
Function: Adjusts the RF SQL threshold level.
Available Values: OFF/S-2/S-3/S-4/S-5/S-6/S-7/S-8/S-9/S-FULL
Default: OFF
Menu #33 [RPT.MOD]
Function: Sets the Repeater Shift Direction
Available Values: RPT.OFF/RPT. –/RPT. +
Default: Depends on the band of operation.
Menu #34 [PRI.RVT]
Function: Enables/Disables the Priority Revert feature.
Available Values: RVT.ON/RVT.OFF
Default: RVT.OFF
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FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
MENU (“SET”) MODE
Menu #35 [RX MOD]
Function: Selects the Receiving mode.
Available Values: AUTO/FM/AM
Default: AUTO (Mode automatically changes according to operating frequency.)
Menu #36 [S SRCH]
Function: Selects the Smart Search Sweep mode.
Available Values: SINGLE/CONT
Default: SINGLE
SINGLE: The transceiver sweeps the current band once in each direction starting on the
current frequency. All channels where activity is present (up to 15 in each direction) are loaded into the Smart Search memories. Whether or not all 31 memories
are filled, the search stops after one sweep in each direction.
CONT: The transceiver makes a sweep in each direction as with the “Single” mode, but if
all 31 channels are not filled after the first sweep, the radio continues sweeping
until they are all filled.
Menu #37 [SCAN]
Function: Selects the Scan-Resume mode.
Available Values: TIME/BUSY/HOLD
Default: BUSY
BUSY: The scanner will halt on a signal it encounters. Two seconds after the carrier has
dropped because the other station(s) ceased transmission, the scanner will resume.
TIME: The scanner will halt on a signal it encounters, and will hold five seconds. If you do
not take action to disable the scanner within five seconds, the scanner will resume
even if the stations are still active.
HOLD: The scanner will stop when a signal is received, and will not restart.
Menu #38 [SCN MD]
Function: Selects the Memory Scan channel-selection mode.
Available Values: MEM/ONLY
Default: MEM
MEM: The scanner will “skip” the flagged channels during scanning.
ONLY: The scanner will only scan channels that are flagged (Preferential Scan List).
Menu #39 [SHIFT]
Function: Sets the magnitude of the Repeater Shift.
Available Values: 0.00 - 99.95 MHz (50 kHz step)
Default: Depends on the band of operation.
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
73
MENU (“SET”) MODE
Menu #40 [SKIP]
Function: Selects what action will happen on a “flagged” Memory Channel
Available Values: OFF/SKIP/ONLY
Default: OFF
OFF: All memory channels will be scanned (the “flag” will be ignored).
SKIP: The scanner will “skip” the flagged (“SKIP”) channels during scanning.
ONLY: The scanner will only scan the flagged (Preferential) channels during scanning.
Menu #41 [SPLIT]
Function: Enables/Disables split CTCSS/DCS coding.
Available Values: SPL.OFF/SPL.ON
Default: SPL.OFF
When this Menu Item is set to “ON,” you can see the following additional parameters after
the “DCS” parameter while selecting the Menu #42: SQL.TYP.
D:
DCS Encode only
(the “DCS” icon will blink during operation)
ENC DCS: Encodes a CTCSS Tone and Decodes a DCS code
(the “DCS” and “ENC” icons will appear during operation)
D-DEC:
Encodes a DCS code and Decodes a CTCSS Tone
(the “DCS” icon will blink and the “DEC” icon will appear during operation)
Select the desired operating mode from the selections shown above.
Menu #42 [SQL.TYP]
Function: Selects the Tone Encoder and/or Decoder mode.
Available Values: OFF/ENC/ENCDEC/REV TN/DCS
Default: OFF
ENC:
CTCSS Encoder
ENC DEC: CTCSS Encoder/Decoder
REV TN: Reverse CTCSS Decoder
DCS:
Digital Code Squelch Encoder/Decoder
Menu #43 [STEP]
Function: Sets the Synthesizer steps.
Available Values: AUTO/5.0 k/10.0 k/12.5 k/15.0 k/20.0 k/25.0 k/50.0 k/100 k
Default: Depends on the band of operation.
Note: 5 kHz and 15 kHz steps are not available for use on above 700 MHz.
74
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
MENU (“SET”) MODE
Menu #44 [TN FRQ]
Function: Sets the CTCSS Tone Frequency.
Available Values: 50 Standard CTCSS Tones
Default: 100 Hz
Note: This Menu Item can be set independently
for each band, and independently in each
memory.
Menu #45 [TOT]
Function: Sets the Time-Out Timer.
Available Values: 1 - 30 minutes or OFF
Default: 6 minutes
CTCSS TONE FREQUENCY (Hz)
67.0
69.3
71.9
74.4
77.0
82.5
85.4
88.5
91.5
94.8
79.7
97.4
100.0
103.5
107.2
110.9
114.8
118.8
123.0
127.3
131.8
136.5
141.3
146.2
151.4
156.7
159.8
162.2
165.5
167.9
171.3
173.8
177.3
179.9
183.5
186.2
189.9
192.8
196.6
199.5
203.5
206.5
210.7
218.1
225.7
229.1
233.6
241.8
250.3
254.1
–
–
–
–
Menu #46 [VFO.BND]
Function: Selects or disables the VFO band edge limiting for the current band.
Available Values: BND.ON/BND.OFF
Default: BND.ON
BND.ON: When the VFO frequency reaches the high band edge of the current band, the
VFO frequency will jump to the low band edge of the current band (or vice versa).
BND.OFF: When the VFO frequency reaches the high edge of the current band, the VFO
frequency will jump to the low band edge of the next band (or vice versa).
Menu #47 [WID.NAR]
Function: Reducing the MIC Gain (and Deviation).
Available Values: WIDE/NARROW
Default: WIDE
Note: This Menu Item can be set independently for each band.
Menu #48 [WX ALT]
Function: Enables/disables the Weather Alert Scan feature
Available Values: ALT.ON/ALT.OFF
Default: ALT.OFF
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
75
“AUTO” MODE PRESET OPERATING PARAMETERS
USA Version
FREQENCY RANGE (MHZ)
108.000 - 137.000
137.000 - 144.000
144.000 - 148.000
148.000 - 156.000
156.000 - 157.450
157.450 - 160.600
160.600 - 160.975
160.975 - 161.500
161.500 - 162.900
162.900 - 174.000
174.000 - 222.000
222.000 - 225.000
225.000 - 300.000
300.000 - 336.000
336.000 - 420.000
420.000 - 450.000
450.000 - 470.000
470.000 - 520.000
700.000 - 800.000
803.000 - 999.990
EXP Version
MODE
AM
FM
FM
FM
FM
FM
FM
FM
FM
FM
FM
FM
FM
AM
FM
FM
FM
FM
FM
FM
STEP
25 kHz
12.5 kHz
5 kHz
12.5 kHz
25 kHz
12.5 kHz
25 kHz
12.5 kHz
25 kHz
12.5 kHz
50 kHz
5 kHz
12.5 kHz
100 kHz
12.5 kHz
25 kHz
12.5 kHz
50 kHz
50 kHz
12.5 kHz
FREQENCY RANGE (MHZ)
108.000 - 137.000
137.000 - 160.600
160.600 - 162.025
162.025 - 174.000
174.000 - 222.000
222.000 - 300.000
300.000 - 320.000
320.000 - 420.000
420.000 - 430.000
430.000 - 440.000
440.000 - 470.000
470.000 - 520.000
700.000 - 800.000
800.000 - 999.990
MODE
AM
FM
FM
FM
FM
FM
AM
FM
FM
FM
FM
FM
FM
FM
STEP
25 kHz
12.5 kHz
25 kHz
12.5 kHz
50 kHz
12.5 kHz
25 kHz
12.5 kHz
12.5 kHz
25 kHz
12.5 kHz
50 kHz
50 kHz
12.5 kHz
Cellular Blocked
76
FT-7800R OPERATING MANUAL
1. Changes or modifications to this device not expressly approved by VERTEX
STANDARD could void the user’s authorization to operate this device.
2. This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to
the following two conditions; (1) This device may not cause harmful
interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference including
received, interference that may cause undesired operation.
3. The scanning receiver in this equipment is incapable of tuning, or readily
being altered, by the User to operate within the frequency bands allocated
to the Domestic public Cellular Telecommunications Service in Part 22.
Part 15.21: Changes or modifications to this device not expressly approved
by Vertex Standard could void the user’s authorization to operate this device.
DECLARATION BY MANUFACTURER
The Scanner receiver is not a digital scanner and is incapable of being converted
or modified to a digital scanner receiver by any user.
WARNING: MODIFICATION OF THIS DEVICE TO RECEIVE CELLULAR
RADIOTELEPHONE SERVICE SIGNALS IS PROHIBITED UNDER FCC RULES
AND FEDERAL LAW.
Copyright 2003
VERTEX STANDARD CO., LTD.
All rights reserved.
No portion of this manual
may be reproduced
without the permission of
VERTEX STANDARD CO., LTD.
Printed in Japan
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0310A-0T
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